Aquila A211 Operating instructions

PILOT’S OPERATING HANDBOOK
and
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
AQUILA A211
Model:
AQUILA AT01-100
Serial Number:
AT01-100A-
Registration:
Document Number:
FM-AT01-1010-101
First Issue:
28.05.2013
Certified according to:
JAR-VLA
This Pilot's Operating Handbook (POH) must be carried on board the aircraft at all times.
The amendment history and revision status are provided in the list of effective pages and in
the list of revisions.
The aircraft must be operated in compliance with the procedures and operating limits
stated herein.
This manual constitutes the FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for operation in
the U.S. in accordance with FAR 21.29.
POH / AFM
Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100A
INTRODUCTION
With the AQUILA AT01 you have acquired a very efficient training and utility aircraft, which is
easy to operate and exhibits excellent handling qualities.
To ensure reliable operation and trouble free flight, we recommend that you read this Pilot's
Operating Handbook thoroughly and adhere to the operating instructions and recommendations
given herein.
CAUTION
All limitations, procedures and performance data contained in this handbook are EASA/FAA
approved and mandatory. Failing to follow the procedures and limits set forth in this handbook
can lead to a loss of liability by the manufacturer.
THE HANDBOOK
The handbook is presented in loose-leaf form to ease the substitution of revisions and is sized
in A5-format for convenient storage in the aircraft.
Tab dividers throughout the handbook allow quick reference to each section. A Table of
Contents is located at the beginning of each section to aid the location of specific data within
that section.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction or disclosure to third parties of this document or any part thereof is not permitted,
except with the prior and express written permission of AQUILA Aviation GmbH.
Copyright © by
Aviation GmbH
Schönhagen, Germany
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.03
A.02 (15.10.2013)
08.04.2014
0–1
POH / AFM
Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100A
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
GENERAL
1
OPERATING LIMITATIONS (approved section)
2
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES (approved section)
3
NORMAL PROCEDURES (approved section)
4
PERFORMANCE (partly approved section)
5
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
6
AIRCRAFT AND SYSTEMS DESCRIPTION
7
HANDLING AND MAINTENANCE
8
SUPPLEMENTS
9
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.03
A.02 (15.10.2013)
08.04.2014
0–2
POH / AFM
Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
Section
Issue
0
Approved
Page
Date
A.03
0-1 to 0-6
08.04.2014
1
A.02
1-1 to 1-12
15.10.2013
2
A.02
X
2-1 to 2-10
15.10.2013
3
A.02
X
3-1 to 3-16
15.10.2013
4
A.02
X
4-1 to 4-18
15.10.2013
5
A.02
(X)*
5-1 to 5-22
15.10.2013
6
A.02
6-1 to 6-14
15.10.2013
7
A.02
7-1 to 7-22
15.10.2013
8
A.02
8-1 to 8-6
15.10.2013
9
A.03
9-1 to 9-2
08.04.2014
* - partially approved
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.03
A.02 (15.10.2013)
08.04.2014
0–3
POH / AFM
Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIST OF REVISIONS
All revisions to the handbook, with the exception of individual weight and balance data and
revisions to the Equipment List, must be recorded in the List of Revisions. Revisions must
either be approved by the EASA or, in the case of documentary changes, in accordance with
Part 21A.263(c)(4) by the Design Organization of AQUILA Aviation GmbH.
Additions and revisions to text in an existing section will be identified by a vertical black line
adjacent to the applicable revised area. A new issue code appears in the footer of the revised
pages.
If revisions are distributed, the applicable sections are to be exchanged with the updated
version. Generally only complete sections of the POH will be exchanged, and not individual
pages.
The operation of the AQUILA AT01 is only permitted with a current and up to date POH carried
on board. Please refer to the following web page whenever the revision status of your POH is in
question.
www.aquila-aviation.de
Approvalnumber
Approval by
AQUILA / EASA
Date / Signature
10045112
29.05.2013
EASA
Issue
Description of
Revision
Revised
Section(s)
A.01
First Issue
All
A.02
Editorial changes,
Supplements 8,33 kHz
FAA certification
All
15.10.2013
A.03
AS-00 „Winter
Operation“
0, 9
08.04.2014
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.03
A.02 (15.10.2013)
08.04.2014
0–4
POH / AFM
Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100A
Revision A.03 of AFM ref. FM-AT01-1010-101 is approved under the authority of DOA ref. EASA.21J.025.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.03
A.02 (15.10.2013)
08.04.2014
0–5
POH / AFM
Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100A
PURCHASE OF TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS
To guarantee safe operation and correct maintenance of the AQUILA AT01-100 aircraft, all
manuals and technical publications must be kept in the current effective status.
All manuals and technical publications relating to the aircraft AQUILA AT01-100 are available
from the companies listed below:
(a)
AQUILA AT01-100B related Manuals and Publications
AQUILA Aviation GmbH
OT Schönhagen
Flugplatz
D-14959 Trebbin
Tel: ++49
Fax: ++49
E-Mail:
Internet:
(b)
(0)33731-707-0
(0)33731-707-11
kontakt@aquila-aviation.de
http://www.aquila-aviation.de
Engine ROTAX 912 S related Manuals and Publications
Contact the ROTAX® authorized distributor for ROTAX® Aircraft Engines of the
applicable distribution area.
For contact details of the local authorized distributor for ROTAX Aircraft Engines,
please refer to chapter 13 of the ROTAX® Operator’s Manual for 912 S Engines.
(c)
Propeller MTV-21 related Manuals and Publications
mt-Propeller Entwicklung GmbH
Flugplatz Straubing- Wallmühle
D-94348 Atting
Tel: ++49 (0)9429-9409-0
Fax: ++49 (0)9429-8432
Internet: www.mt-propeller.com
E-Mail: sales@mt-propeller.com
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.03
A.02 (15.10.2013)
08.04.2014
0–6
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
SECTION 1
GENERAL
Page
1.1
INTRODUCTION
1-2
1.2
AIRCRAFT TYPE CERTIFICATION
1-2
1.3
WARNING, CATUIONS AND NOTES
1-3
1.4
PRINCIPLE AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS
1-4
1.4.1
Overall Dimensions
1-4
1.4.2
Wings
1-4
1.4.3
Horizontal Stabilizer / Elevator
1-4
1.4.4
Fuselage and Vertical Stabilizer / Rudder
1-4
1.4.5
Landing Gear
1-4
1.5
AQUILA AT01-100 – THREE VIEW DRAWING
1-5
1.6
ENGINE
1-6
1.7
PROPELLER
1-6
1.8
FUEL
1-6
1.9
OIL AND COOLANT
1-7
1.9.1
Engine Oil
1-7
1.9.2
Engine Coolant
1-8
1.10
WEIGHT
1-8
1.11
TERMINOLOGY AND ABBREVIATIONS
1-9
1.12
CONVERSION FACTORS
1-12
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1-1
1.1
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
INTRODUCTION
This Pilot's Operating Handbook contains all the information the pilot and instructor require for
the safe and efficient operation of the AQUILA AT01-100 aircraft.
It includes all information required in accordance with JAR-VLA and additional information
considered by the manufacturer to be of value to the pilot.
Optional equipment which has been installed on request of the customer (COM, NAV, GPS and
others) is included in Section 9 "Supplements" of this Manual.
Information regarding equipment approved for installation in the AQUILA AT01-100 is provided
in Section 6 of this manual and in the approved equipment overview list in the Maintenance
Manual (Document Number MM-AT01-1020-110).
This handbook includes the material required to be furnished to the pilot by the Federal Aviation
Regulations and additional information provided by the manufacturer. It constitutes the FAA
approved airplane flight manual.
1.2
AIRCRAFT TYPE CERTIFICATION
The aircraft AQUILA AT01 is type-certified in accordance with the certification specifications of
the Joint Aviation Requirements for Very Light Aeroplanes (JAR-VLA, including the revision
VLA/92/1) by the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt, the National Aviation Authority of Germany.
The Type Certificate under the Type Certificate Data Sheet No. 1106 was issued on the 21 st of
September 2001.
Category of Airworthiness:
Normal
Noise Certification Basis:
CS-36 (Amendment 3)
Approved for following operations:
VFR by day
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1-2
1.3
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
WARNING, CAUTIONS AND NOTES
Throughout the text, special text boxes marked WARNING, CAUTION and NOTE are used.
These terms are defined as follows:
WARNING
Procedures, practices, etc. which may result in personal injury or loss of life if not strictly
adhered to. The issues addressed under these text boxes directly affect the airworthiness and
the safe operation of the aircraft.
CAUTION
Procedures, practices, etc. which may result in damage to or destruction of equipment if not
strictly adhered to. The issues addressed under these text boxes have an indirect or minor
impact on the airworthiness and the safe operation of the aircraft.
NOTE
Calls attention to additional procedures or information which are not directly associated with
flight safety but are nevertheless important or deviate from standard practices.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1-3
1.4
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
PRINCIPLE AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS
1.4.1 Overall Dimensions
Wing Span:
Length:
Height:
1.4.2
33.79 ft
24.28 ft
7.87 ft
Wings
Airfoil:
Area:
Aspect Ratio:
Mean Aerodynamic Chord (MAC):
1.4.3
HQ-XX mod.
113.02 sq. ft
10,1
3.51 ft
(1.07 m)
21.52 sq. ft
9.84 ft
(2.0 m²)
(3.0 m)
3.94 ft
24.28 ft
14.39 sq. ft
(1.20 m)
(7.40 m)
(1.33 m²)
6.37 ft
5.54 ft
5.00-5
(1.94 m)
(1.69 m)
Fuselage and Vertical Stabilizer / Rudder
Maximum Fuselage Width
Length
Area (Vertical Tail):
1.4.5
(10.5 m²)
Horizontal Stabilizer / Elevator
Area:
Span:
1.4.4
(10.3 m)
(7.4 m)
(2.4 m)
Landing Gear
Wheel Track:
Wheel Base:
Tire Size:
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1-4
1.5
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
AQUILA AT01-100 – THREE VIEW DRAWING
2,4 m / 7,87 ft
7,4 m / 24,28 ft
10,3 m / 33,79 ft
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1-5
1.6
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
ENGINE
The ROTAX® 912 S3 is a 4-cylinder 4-stroke engine with air cooled cylinders and liquid cooled
cylinder heads.
The Propeller is driven via an internal reduction gearbox with an integrated overload clutch and
a hydraulic constant speed propeller governor.
Reduction Ratio of internal gearbox:
Displacement:
max. Takeoff power (5 min.):
at max. Takeoff propeller speed:
max. continuous power:
at max. continuous propeller speed:
1.7
2.43 : 1
82.5 in³
98.6 BHP
2385 RPM
92.5 BHP
2260 RPM
(1352 cm³)
(73.5 kW)
(69.0 kW)
PROPELLER
Hydraulic two-blade, constant speed propeller
Manufacturer:
Type:
Diameter:
1.8
mt-Propeller
MTV-21-A/170-05
66.9 in
(170 cm)
FUEL
The following fuel grades are approved for use (min. RON 95):
EN228 Super
EN228 Super plus
AVGAS 100LL
AVGAS UL 91
Fuel Capacity (total):
Usable Fuel (total):
Unusable Fuel:
ASTM D4814
ASTM D910
ASTM D7547
Left Fuel Tank
15.8 US gal (60 l)
14.48 US gal (54.8 l)
1.37 US gal (5.2 l)
Right Fuel Tank
15.8 US gal (60 l)
14.48 US gal (54.8 l)
1.37 US gal (5.2 l)
Due to the higher lead content in AVGAS 100LL, wear of the valve seats, deposits in the
combustion chamber and lead sediments in the lubrication system will increase when using this
type of fuel. Therefore AVGAS should only be used if you encounter problems with vapor lock
or if the other fuel types are not available.
Lead free AVGAS UL 91 is similar to AVGAS 100LL (MON 91  RON > 95) when it comes to
vapor lock susceptibility. However, it does not suffer from lead induced problems.
(Please refer to the current issue of the operating manual for the ROTAX 912 engine series)
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1-6
1.9
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
ENGINE OIL AND COOLANT
1.9.1 Engine Oil
Use only oil with an API classification of “SG” or higher. Heavy duty 4-stroke motor oils tend to
meet these requirements. For more information regarding engine oil selection, please refer to
the Operator’s Manual for all versions of the 912 engine series, section 10.2.3, and to the
current issue of the ROTAX® Service Instruction SI-912-016.
The following chart shows the recommended oil viscosity as a function of the climatic
conditions. The use of multi-grade oils is recommended.
Figure 1-2
CAUTION
Do not use aviation grade oil!
When operating the engine with AVGAS do not use full synthetic oil!
If the engine is operated extensively on AVGAS 100LL (more than 30hrs within 100hrs) the
interval between oil changes shall be reduced to 50 hrs!
(please refer to the current issue of the ROTAX® Service Instructions SI-912-016)
Max. Oil Capacity:
Difference between Max/Min:
Max. Oil Consumption:
3.17 US quarts
(3.00 l)
0.475 US quarts
(0.45 l)
0.063 US quarts/hr. (0.06 l/h)
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1-7
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
1.9.2 Engine Coolant
A conventional, ethylene glycol and water based coolant is used.
Please refer to the Operator’s Manual for the 912 engine series, section 10.2.3, and to the
current issue of the ROTAX® Service Instructions SI-912-016 when choosing an engine
coolant.
Description
Ethylenglycol
Water
Mixture ratio [%]
anti-freeze / water
50 + 15
50 - 15
CAUTION
Low quality or contaminated coolant may lead to deposits in the cooling system which may
result in insufficient engine cooling.
Coolant Quantity: Minimum:
Maximum:
2.54 US quarts
2.64 US quarts
(2.4 l)
(2.5 l)
Overflow Bottle:
0.106 US quarts
0.21 US quarts
(0.1 l)
(0.2 l)
Minimum:
Maximum:
1.10 WEIGHTS
Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW):
1653 lb.
(750 kg)
Maximum Landing Weight (MLW):
1653 lb.
(750 kg)
Empty Weight (MZFW):
Refer to section 6
Max. Weight in Baggage Compartment:
88.2 lb.
(40 kg)
(All baggage must be adequately strapped and secured)
Max. Wing Loading:
14.6 lb./ft² (71.4 kg/m²)
Min. Wing Loading:
ca.
10.77 lb./ft² (52.6 kg/m²))
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1-8
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
1.11 TERMINOLOGY AND ABBREVIATIONS
1.11.1 Speeds
IAS:
(Indicated Airspeed) - the speed shown on the airspeed indicator
KIAS:
IAS expressed in knots
CAS:
(Calibrated Airspeed) - the indicated airspeed, corrected for position and
instrument error. CAS is equal to true airspeed in standard atmosphere
conditions at sea level.
KCAS:
TAS:
CAS expressed in knots
(True Airspeed) - the airspeed relative to undisturbed air, which is the CAS
corrected for altitude, temperature and compressibility.
GS:
(Ground speed) - speed of the aircraft relative to the ground
V A:
Maneuvering Speed
V S:
Stall speed without engine power
VS0:
Stall speed without engine power in the landing configuration
V X:
Best Angle-of-Climb Speed
V Y:
Best Rate-of-Climb Speed
VFE:
Maximum Flap Extended Speed
VNE:
Never Exceed Speed - The speed limit that must not be exceeded at any
time
VNO:
Maximum Structural Cruising Speed is the speed that should not be
exceeded except in smooth air and then only with caution.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1-9
1.11.2
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
Weight and Balance
Reference Datum:
An imaginary vertical plane from which
distances are measured for balance purposes
Reference Line:
fixed horizontal reference line
Lever Arm:
The horizontal distance from
center of gravity (C.G.) of an item
Moment:
The product of the weight of an item multiplied by its lever
arm
Empty Weight:
Weight of the aircraft including unusable fuel, full operating liquids
and full oil.
Max. Takeoff Weight:
Maximum permissible weight approved for the conduction of
the takeoff run
Useful Load:
Difference between takeoff weight and basic empty weight
Usable Fuel:
Fuel available for flight planning
Unusable fuel:
Fuel remaining in the fuel tanks that cannot be safely used in flight.
the
reference
all
datum
Center of Gravity (C.G.): The point at which the aircraft would balance if it were
to suspend it at that point
MAC:
mean aerodynamic chord
MTOW:
maximum takeoff weight
MWL:
maximum landing weight
MZFW:
empty weight
1.11.3
horizontal
to
possible
Meteorological Terminology
OAT:
Outside Air Temperature
VFR, Day
Day: (SR) Sunrise - 30min to (SS) Sunset + 30min
VFR, Night
Night: (SS) Sunset + 30 min to (SR) Sunrise – 30min
DVFR:
Flight during the day according to visual flight rules
NVFR:
Flight during the night according to visual flight rules
MSL:
Altitude above sea level
QNH:
Barometric pressure adjusted to sea level
ISA:
International Standard Atmosphere
the
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1 - 10
1.11.4
Section 1
GENERAL
Engine and Performance
TOP:
MCP:
1.11.5
POH / AFM
AQUILA AT01-100A
(Take-off Power) - maximum power permissible for takeoff
(Max. Continuous Power) - maximum power permitted for
continuous operation
Various
Serial No. (S/N):
Serial Number of the Aircraft
Part No. (P/N):
Part Number
GFRP:
Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic
CFRP:
Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic
ACL:
Anti Collision light
VFR:
Visual Flight Rules
PFD:
Primary Flight Display
ADC
Air-Data Computer
AHRS
Attitude and Heading Reference System
GDU
Garmin Display Unit
MFD
Multi-Function Display
AI
Attitude Indicator or Artificial Horizon
LDG:
Flaps - landing position
T/O:
Flaps - takeoff position
UP:
Flaps - cruise position
MP:
Manifold Pressure
COM:
Communication
NAV:
Navigation
CB:
Circuit Breaker
ATC:
Air Traffic Control
FF:
Fuel Flow
rpm:
revolutions per minute
AS:
AQUILA Supplement
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1 - 11
POH / AFM
Section 1
AQUILA AT01-100A
GENERAL
1.12 CONVERSION FACTORS
1.12.1
1.12.2
1.12.3
1.12.4
Length
1 ft
=
0.304
m
1 in
=
25.4
mm
1 kt
=
1.852
km/h
1 mph
=
1.609
km/h
1 hPa
=
100
N/m²
1 in. Hg
=
33.865
hPa
1 psi
=
68.97
mbar
=
0.454
kg
1 US Gallon
=
3.78
Liter
1 Imperial Gallon
=
4,546
Liter
=
5/9 ((t) °F-32)
Speed
Pressure
1.12.6
1 mbar
Mass (“Weight”)
1 lb
1.12.5
=
Volume
Temperature
(t) °C (Celsius)
(t) °F (Fahrenheit) =
9/5 (t) °C+32
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
1 - 12
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIMITATIONS
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
Page
2.1
INTRODUCTION
2-2
2.2
AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
2-2
2.3
AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS
2-3
2.4
POWER PLANT LIMITATIONS
2-3
2.4.1 Engine
2-3
2.4.2 Propeller
2-4
2.5
POWER PLANT INSTRUMENT MARKINGS
2-5
2.6
OTHER INSTRUMENT MARKINGS
2-5
2.7
WEIGHT LIMITS
2-6
2.8
CENTER OF GRAVITY LIMITS
2-6
2.9
MANEUVER LIMITS
2-6
2.10
FLIGHT LOAD FACTORS
2-7
2.11
CREW
2-7
2.12
KINDS OF OPERATION LIMITS / MINIMUM EQUIPMENT
2-8
2.13
FUEL LIMITATIONS
2-9
2.14
TEMPERATURE LIMITATIONS
2-9
2.15
OPERATING ALTITUDE
2-9
2.16
PLACARDS
2-10
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2-1
2.1
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIMITATIONS
INTRODUCTION
This section includes all operating limitations, instrument markings and basic placards
necessary for the safe operation of the aircraft, its engine, standard systems and standard
equipment.
WARNING
The aircraft must be operated in compliance with the operating limitations.
2.2
AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
The airspeeds given below are expressed in Indicated Airspeeds (IAS), the airspeed shown on
the airspeed indicator:
Indicated Airspeed (IAS)
[kts]
Remarks
VA
Maneuvering speed
112
Do not make full or abrupt control
movements above this speed.
This may result in overloading the aircraft
structure.
VFE
Maximum flap extended speed
90
Do not exceed this speed with flaps in T/O or
LDG position.
VNO
Maximum structural cruising
speed
130
Do not exceed this speed except in smooth
air, and then only with caution.
VNE
Never exceed speed
165
Do not exceed this speed in any operational
condition.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2-2
2.3
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIMITATIONS
AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS
The airspeeds given below are expressed in Indicated Airspeeds (IAS):
2.4
Marking (IAS)
[kts]
Remarks
White arc
39-90
Full flap operating range
Green arc
49-130
Normal operating range
Yellow arc
130-165
Operations in this region must be conducted with
caution and only in smooth air.
Red line
165
Maximum speed for all operations.
POWER PLANT LIMITATIONS
2.4.1 Engine
a)
b)
Manufacturer:
Model:
BRP-ROTAX GmbH & Co KG, Gunskirchen, Austria
912 S3
NOTE
The engine is equipped with a hydraulic propeller governor and drives the propeller via a
reduction gearbox. The gearbox reduction ratio is 2.43 : 1.
The tachometer indicates the propeller speed. As a result, all rpm readings in this manual are
expressed as propeller speeds, unlike the data in the Engine Operator's Manual.
c)
Power Plant Limitations
Maximum Takeoff Power:
Maximum Takeoff Prop Speed (5 min.):
Maximum Continuous Power:
Maximum Continuous Prop Speed:
98.6
2385
92.5
2260
BHP (73.5 kW)
RPM
BHP (69.0 kW)
RPM
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2-3
d)
Section 2
LIMITATIONS
Oil Pressure
Minimum:
Normal:
Maximum during a cold start:
(only for a short time)
e)
POH / AFM
AQUILA AT01-100A
11.6 psi
(0.8 bar)
below 590 RPM
29 –72.5 psi (2.0-5.0 bar) above 590 RPM
101.5 psi
(7.0 bar)
Fuel Pressure
Minimum:
f)
red warning light
Oil Temperature
Maximum:
Minimum:
g)
(130 °C)
( 50 °C)
264 °F
(129 °C)
Cylinder Head Temperature (CHT)
Maximum:
h)
266 °F
122 °F
Minimum temperature to start the engine
Minimum:
-13 °F
( -25 °C)
At an OAT below -13 °F (-25 °C) the engine must be preheated.
2.4.2 Propeller
a)
Manufacturer:
mt-Propeller Entwicklung GmbH, Atting, Germany
b)
Model:
MTV-21-A/170-05
c)
Propeller diameter:
(66.9 in)
d)
Propeller speed limitations
1,70 m
Maximum take-off propeller speed (max. 5 min):
2385 RPM
Maximum continuous propeller speed:
2260 RPM
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2-4
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIMITATIONS
2.5 MARKINGS ON POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTS
The following table shows the instrument markings on the power plants and their meaning.
Instrument
Red Line
(minimum)
Green Arc
(normal
operating range)
Yellow Arc
(caution)
Red Line
(maximum)
Tachometer
[RPM]
---
535 – 2260
2260 - 2385
2385
Oil Temperature
[°F]
([°C])
122
(50)
122-266
(50 – 130)
---
266
(130)
Cylinder Head
Temperature
[°F]
([°C])
---
---
---
264
(129)
29 – 72.5
(2.0 – 5.0)
11.6 – 29
(0.8 – 2.0)
72.5 – 101.5
(5.0 – 7.0)
101.5
(7.0)
Oil Pressure
[psi]
([bar[)
2.6
11.6
(0.8)
MARKINGS ON OTHER INSTRUMENTS
Green / Red or
Green Arc
(normal operating
Yellow Arc
range)
(caution)
Instrument
Red Arc
(minimum)
Red Arc
(maximum)
Voltmeter
[V]
8 – 11
11 – 12,5
12,5 – 15,5
15,5 – 16
Amperemeter
[A]
---
---
---
---
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2-5
2.7
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIMITATIONS
WEIGHT LIMITS
Maximum Takeoff Weight
1653 lb
(750 kg)
Maximum Landing Weight
1653 lb
(750 kg)
Max. Weight in Baggage Compartment
88.2 lb
( 40 kg)
WARNING
Exceeding the weight limits can overload the aircraft and is prohibited. In addition, aircraft
performance and handling characteristics may be detrimentally affected. The stall speed will
increase, so that the instrument markings are no longer accurate.
2.8
CENTER OF GRAVITY LIMITS
The reference datum is located at the wing leading edge, at the fuselage-wing junction.
With the aircraft leveled, the reference datum and the vertical fall in a plane.
The center of gravity must be within the following limits:
Forward Limit:
Rearward Limit:
16.8 in.
20.6 in.
(0.427 m)
(0.523 m)
aft of Datum
aft of Datum
WARNING
Exceeding the center of gravity limits is prohibited. Exceeding the limits reduces the
controllability and stability of the aircraft.
The procedure to determine the center of gravity location for flight is provided in Section 6 of
this handbook.
2.9
MANEUVER LIMITS
The aircraft is certificated in accordance to the JAR-VLA. That certification includes the
following maneuvers:
a)
All normal, non acrobatic maneuvers.
b)
Stalls:
Wings level stall
c)
Steep Turns:
Angle of Bank ≤ 60°
d)
Chandelle:
Entry Speed
120 kts
e)
Lazy Eight:
Entry Speed
110 kts
NOTE
All acrobatic maneuvers as well as maneuvers with a bank angle exceeding 60° are prohibited.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2-6
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIMITATIONS
2.10 FLIGHT LOAD FACTORS
The following flight load factors may not be exceeded while performing any approved
maneuvers.
Flight Load Factor
[g]
at VA
at VNE
With Flaps Extended
Positive
4.0
4.0
2.0
Negative
-2.0
-2.0
0
WARNING
Exceeding the flight load factors limits may result in damage to the aircraft structure.
CAUTION
Maneuvers that include intentional negative flight load factors are not permitted.
Intentional Spinning is not permitted.
2.11 CREW
Maximum number of people on board: 2
Minimum crew:
1 Pilot
With only one person on board, the aircraft
may only be operated from the left seat.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2-7
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIMITATIONS
2.12 KINDS OF OPERATION LIMITS / MINIMUM EQUIPMENT
Certified for:
visual flights by Day
Table 1
For VFR by Day*
Flight and navigational instruments





Altimeter (0 – 20,000 ft)
Airspeed Indicator (0 – 200 kts)
Magnetic Compass
Working timepiece with a seconds hand**
VHF Transceiver***
Power Plant Instruments










Fuel gauge
Oil Temperature Indicator
Warning Light FUEL
Oil Pressure Indicator
Cylinder Head Temperature Indicator
Manifold Pressure Gauge
Amperemeter
Tachometer
Voltmeter
Warning Light ALT 1
 Seat belts for each occupied seat
 Emergency Hammer
Other Equipment
* The minimum equipment listed in Table 1 is valid for Germany. Other countries may require different minimum
equipment. This may depend on the type of flight being carried out and the route being flown.
** In
Germany a watch with a seconds hand may be used as a working timepiece. Please observe all differing
national regulations.
*** In Germany a VHF Transceiver is not required for flights that do not leave the vicinity of an uncontrolled airfield
(§3a Abs. 3 d. Luftverkehrs-Ordnung). Regulations of other nations must still be observed (§ 21a Abs. 1 der
Luftverkehrs-Ordnung).
NOTE
For specific operations, additional equipment may be necessary. It is the aircraft operator’s
responsibility to observe the applicable requirements.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2-8
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIMITATIONS
2.13 FUEL LIMITATIONS
Fuel capacity (total):
Usable fuel (total):
Unusable fuel:
Left Fuel Tank
15.85 US gal (60.0 l)
14.48 US gal (54.8 l)
1.37 US gal
(5.2 l)
Right Fuel Tank
15.85 US gal (60.0 l)
14.48 US gal (54.8 l)
1.37 US gal (5.2 l)
NOTE
The amount of unusable fuel was determined with flap on LDG and VFE = 90 kts. It is the worst
case fuel supply configuration within section 4 “NORMAL PROCEDURES”.
For approved fuel grades, please refer to paragraph 1.8.
2.14 TEMPERATURE LIMITATIONS
Parts of the aircraft structure that are exposed to direct vertical sunlight must be painted
WHITE.
2.15 OPERATING ALTITUDE
The Aquila AT01-100 has a maximum operating altitude of 14,500 ft.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2-9
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100A
LIMITATIONS
2.16 PLACARDS
 On the instrument panel, in the lower middle section of the panel:
This aircraft is certified according to JAR-VLA for
day VFR operations under non-icing conditions. All
aerobatic
maneuvers,
including
spins,
are
prohibited. For further operating limitations refer to
the POH.
 On the instrument panel below the Airspeed Indicator:
MANEUVERING SPEED
VA = 112 KIAS
 On the inner surface of the baggage compartment door:
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
2 - 10
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
Page
3.1
INTRODUCTION
3-3
Resetting circuit-breakers
3-3
3.2
AIRSPEEDS FOR EMERGENCY OPERATION
3-3
3.3
ENGINE FAILURES – CHECKLISTS
3-4
3.3.1
Engine Failure During the Take-off Run
3-4
3.3.2
Engine Failure Immediately After Take-off
3-4
3.3.3
In-flight Engine Failure
3-5
FORCED LANDINGS
3-7
3.4.1
Precautionary Landing
3-7
3.4.2
Emergency Landing
3-8
SMOKE AND FIRE
3-8
3.5.1
Engine Fire on the Ground
3-8
3.5.2
Engine Fire in Flight
3-9
3.5.3
Electrical Fire with Smoke on the Ground
3-9
3.5.4
Electrical Fire with Smoke in Flight
3-9
3.6
INADVERTENT FLIGHT INTO ICING CONDITIONS
3-10
3.7
SPIN RECOVERY PROCEDURE
3-10
3.8
POWER-OFF GLIDE
3-11
3.9
LANDING WITH A FLAT TIRE
3-11
3.10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
3-12
3.10.1
Complete Electrical System Failure
3-12
3.10.2
Alternator Failure (ALT 1)
3-12
3.10.3
Low Voltage Indication
3-13
FLAP CONTROL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
3-14
3.1.1
3.4
3.5
3.11
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3-1
3.12
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
TRIM CONTROL SYSTEM FAILURES
3-14
3.12.1
Trim System Inoperative
3-14
3.12.2
Trim Actuator Runaway
3-15
AVIONICS MALFUNCTIONS
3-15
3.13.1
Complete Avionics Failure
3-15
3.13.2
Receive Mode Failure of COM-Equipment
3-15
3.13.3
Transmit Mode Failure of COM-Equipment
3-15
3.14
STARTER MALFUNCTION
3-16
3.15
IN-FLIGHT FAILURES AND MALFUNCTIONS
3-16
Inadvertent Release and Opening of the Canopy in flight
3-16
3.13
3.15.1
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3-2
3.1
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
INTRODUCTION
This section provides checklists with the recommended procedures for coping with various
emergency situations.
Emergencies caused by aircraft or engine malfunctions are extremely rare if all pre-flight
inspections and required maintenance is properly conducted.
However, should an emergency situation occur, the procedures provided here are
recommended to correct the problem and master the situation.
Not all types of emergency situations or combinations can be described in the POH. A pilot
must therefore always use good airmanship and have a sound knowledge of the aircraft and its
systems.
3.1.1 Resetting Circuit-breakers
The one time only resetting of a tripped circuit breaker or safety switch is considered a
recommendation for the following emergency procedures.
Applicable for all switches:
pushing the top = ON; pushing the bottom = OFF
CAUTION
A tripped circuit breaker or safety switch should only be reset if it is needed for continued safe
flight and landing. In extreme cases, resetting a circuit breaker may cause an electrical fire.
A circuit breaker or safety switch should only be reset once and be inspected after flight.
3.2
AIRSPEEDS FOR EMERGENCY OPERATION
Airspeed (IAS)
Maneuvering speed
Speed for best glide ratio
Flaps
Flaps
[kts]
VA
112
UP
T/O
78
73
Precautionary landing with / without engine power
Flaps
LDG
60
Landing without engine power
Flaps
T/O
Flaps
UP
65
70
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3-3
3.3
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
ENGINE FAILURES – CHECKLISTS
3.3.1 Engine Failure before Take-off
1.
2.
Throttle
Brakes
IDLE
APPLY as required
3.3.2 Engine Failure Immediately After Take-off and during Climb
1.
Airspeed (IAS)
70 KIAS
WARNING
Depending on the own speed and altitude, the wind condition and the remaining engine power
a forced landing must be initiated under consideration of the local conditions.
Turning back to the runway only at adequate altitude, otherwise land straight ahead ! Pay
attention to the speed !
Check the following items (if time allows):
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Fuel selector valve
Fuel Pump switch
Ignition switch
Throttle
Propeller control lever
Choke
Carburetor heat
SWITCH to fullest or other tank
ON
BOTH
wide OPEN
START position
PRESS (OFF)
PULL (ON)
Before landing (if possible):
9.
10.
11.
Fuel selector valve
Ignition switch
ALT1 / BAT switch
OFF
OFF
OFF
WARNING
With BAT switch in OFF position:
Stall warning system inoperative and flap
position cannot be changed !
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3-4
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.3.3 In-flight Engine Failures
A)
ENGINE ROUGHNESS
1. Carburetor heat
2. Fuel Pump switch
3. Ignition switch
PULL (ON)
ON
SWITCH through the positions
L-BOTH, then R-BOTH
Maintain setting
4. Throttle
If roughness continues:
5. Throttle
6. Precautionary Landing
B)
REDUCE to min. required for flight
PERFORM (see 3.4.1)
LOSS OF OIL PRESSURE
1. Oil Temperature
CHECK
If oil pressure sinks below the green range and the oil temperature remains normal:
2. Land at the nearest airfield
If oil pressure sinks below the green range and the oil temperature rises:
2. Throttle
3. Precautionary landing
C)
REDUCE to min. required for flight
PERFORM, Engine may fail suddenly!
LOSS OF FUEL PRESSURE
1. Fuel Pump switch
2. Fuel selector valve
3. Fuel Pump switch
ON
SWITCH to fullest or other tank
OFF, when warning light FUEL turns
off
NOTE
After switching fuel tanks, it may take up to 8 seconds for full fuel pressure to be built up.
4. If warning light FUEL remains alight:
Land at the nearest airfield
Engine may fail suddenly!
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3-5
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
D)
ENGINE RESTART PROCEDURE WITH STOPPED PROPELLER
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Non-essential electrical equipment
ALT1 / BAT switch
Propeller control lever
Fuel selector valve
Fuel Pump switch
Throttle
warm engine
cold engine
Choke
warm engine
cold engine
Ignition switch
7.
8.
OFF
ON
START position
SWITCH to fullest tank
ON
OPENED 2 cm
IDLE
PUSHED (OFF)
PULL (ON)
BOTH, then START
When power is restored:
9.
10.
11.
12.
Oil pressure
Choke
Electrical equipment
Oil temperature
CHECK
PUSHED (OFF)
SWITCH ON (as required)
CHECK
NOTE
The engine can also be restarted by Windmilling if the airspeed is increased to approx. 120 kts.
Approx. 1000 ft / 300 m of altitude is required in this method.
E)
ENGINE RESTART PROCEDURE WITH WINDMILLING PROPELLER
At airspeeds above 60 kts the propeller continues to windmill with the engine off.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Airspeed
ALT1 / BAT switch
Fuel selector valve
Propeller control lever
Fuel Pump switch
Ignition switch
Throttle
hot engine
cold engine
Choke
hot engine
cold engine
78 KIAS
ON
SWITCH to fullest or other tank
START position
ON
BOTH
OPENED 2 cm (0,8 inch)
IDLE
PUSHED (OFF)
PULL (ON)
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3-6
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
When power is restored:
9.
10.
11.
12.
Oil pressure
Choke
Electrical equipment
Oil temperature
3.4
FORCED LANDINGS
CHECK
PUSHED (OFF)
SWITCH ON (as required)
CHECK
Generally the flight path should always be chosen such that, in the event of an emergency, a
suitable landing field can be reached.
CAUTION
If, after a forced landing, the aircraft flips over, an emergency hammer can be used to break
through the canopy. For this purpose an emergency hammer is attached to back of the right
hand seat.
3.4.1 Precautionary Landing
NOTE
A precautionary landing occurs when the pilot decides to discontinue flight to avoid a situation
degrading into an emergency. This way the pilot has time to make decisions and choose an
adequate landing site or divert to an airfield. The procedure for a precautionary landing is
fundamentally the same as a normal landing, which is described in Section 4.
The choice of the landing field is here of particular importance.
Deteriorating weather is a leading cause of precautionary landings.
1.
Locate Suitable Field
2.
3.
4.
Seat Belts and Harnesses
Initiate descent
If possible: Overfly landing site at a low altitude and inspect (wind direction, terrain and
obstructions)
Abeam the touchdown point:
Throttle
AS REQUIRED
Propeller Control Lever
START position
Carburetor Heat
PUSHED (OFF)
Fuel Pump switch
ON
Flaps
LDG
Airspeed
60 KIAS
5.
CONSIDER wind direction, terrain
and obstructions.
TIGHT
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3-7
6.
7.
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
Touch down with lowest possible airspeed.
After touchdown:
Brakes
Fuel selector valve
Ignition switch
ALT1 / BAT switch
APPLY as required
OFF
OFF
OFF
3.4.2 Emergency Landing
NOTE
An emergency landing occurs in a state of distress, such as an engine failure, fuel starvation or
mechanical problems with the aircraft. In this case a pilot typically has significantly less time to
choose a landing site compared with a precautionary landing.
1.
Airspeed:
Flaps in LDG position
Flaps in T/O position
Flaps in UP position
Fuel selector valve
Ignition switch
Seat belts and harnesses
COM (ATC)
ALT1 / BAT switch
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
60 KIAS
65 KIAS
70 KIAS
OFF
OFF
TIGHT
REPORT location and intention
OFF
WARNING
With ALT1/BAT switch OFF:
 Stall warning inoperative
 Flap position cannot be changed
3.5
SMOKE AND FIRE
3.5.1 Engine Fire on the Ground
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Fuel selector valve
Throttle
ALT1 / BAT switch
Ignition switch
Aircraft
OFF
WIDE OPEN
OFF
OFF
EVACUATE immediately once
engine stops
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3-8
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.5.2 Engine Fire In-flight
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Throttle
WIDE OPEN
Fuel selector valve
OFF
Cabin heat
PUSHED (OFF)
Canopy slide-window
OPEN
Perform a precautionary landing without engine power as described in Section
3.4
3.5.3 Electrical Fire with Smoke on the Ground
1.
ALT1 / BAT switch
OFF
If engine is running:
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Throttle
Fuel selector valve
Ignition switch
Canopy
Fire extinguisher (if installed)
IDLE
OFF
OFF
OPEN
USE as required
3.5.4 Electrical Fire with Smoke in Flight
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
ALT1 / BAT switch
Avionics switch
All switches (except Ignition)
Cabin ventilation and canopy slide-window
Fire extinguisher (if installed)
Land immediately
OFF
OFF
OFF
OPEN
Use only is smoke persists
Refer to Section 3.4 Forced
Landings
After landing and aircraft comes to a halt:
7. Engine
8. Canopy
9. After engine stops
Shut down
OPEN
Evacuate aircraft
CAUTION
When a large amount of smoke is present or the fire extinguisher has been used, ventilate the
cabin by unlocking the canopy latch. If possible, the fire extinguisher should be secured after
use.
WARNING
Turning the ALT1 / BAT switch OFF turns off all electrical and electronic equipment, including
the flaps
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3-9
3.6
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
INADVERTENT FLIGHT IN ICING CONDITIONS
WARNING
Intentional flight in icing conditions is prohibited. During unintentional flight in icing conditions
proceed as follows:
1.
Carburetor heat
PULL (ON)
2.
Leave icing conditions immediately by flying a reciprocal heading and/or changing
altitude
3.
P/S Heat switch (if installed)
ON
4.
Propeller Control Lever
START position
5.
Cabin heat
PULL (ON)
6.
Move the control surfaces periodically to keep them from freezing
CAUTION
The stall speed increases with ice accumulation on the wing leading edge.
Airspeed indicator, altimeter and vertical speed indicator readings may be inaccurate with ice
accumulation on the leading edge of the wing. Additionally, the stall warning system may be
inoperative or may not work correctly.
3.7
SPIN RECOVERY PROCEDURE
1.
Rudder
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Elevator
Aileron
Throttle
Flaps
Rudder
Elevator
Full deflection opposite direction of
rotation
Neutral or slightly forward
Neutral
IDLE
UP
Neutral when rotation stops
Carefully ease out of dive
Make a smooth recovery from the dive to regain a level flying attitude. Do not exceed V NE.
WARNING
During spin recovery, adherence to the recovery sequence is essential!
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3 - 10
3.8
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
POWER-OFF GLIDE
Achievable gliding distances vary depending on altitude and current wind conditions. This is
very important when choosing a landing site or reaching a near-by airfield.
To achieve maximum gliding distance:
1.
2.
3.
Flaps
Airspeed
Demonstrated glide ratio
UP
78 KIAS
14
This means approx. 2.3 NM can
be covered for every 1000 ft of
altitude (no wind)
NOTE
Headwinds, tailwinds and wing contamination can significantly influence the distance
achievable in glide.
3.9
LANDING WITH A FLAT TIRE
When landing with a defective tire, or this is suspected, proceed as follows:
1.
Flaps
LDG position
2.
Perform touch down on the side of the runway opposite the defective tire. This allows
the use of the entire runway width to correct any directional changes
caused by the
defective tire. (for example: left tire defective, land on the right
side of the runway)
3.
Perform touch down with the undamaged main tire first. Lower nose wheel as
as possible to improve controllability on the ground.
quickly
4.
Roll out with full aileron deflection in the direction of the undamaged main tire.
reduces the load on the damaged tire.
This
5.
When landing with a defective or damaged nose wheel:
Touch down with minimum speed.
Keep nose wheel off the ground
as long as possible.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3 - 11
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.10 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
3.10.1 Complete Electrical System Failure
1. ALT1 / BAT switch
CHECK if ON
2. BAT circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
RESET if tripped
3. ALT1 circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
RESET if tripped
If power cannot be restored, it is recommended to carry out a precautionary landing at the
nearest airfield.
3.10.2 Alternator Failure (ALT1)
ALT1 warning light illuminates
1. ALT1 switch
SWITCH OFF then ON, approx. 10 sec.
interval
RESET if tripped
2. ALT1 circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
If ALT1 warning light remains illuminated:
3. ALT1 circuit breaker
PULL
4. ALT1 SWITCH
OFF
5. Instruments not required for the safe continuation of flight should be turned off or dimmed to
at least half the intensity.
6. Monitor the voltmeter and ammeter
7. Land at the nearest airfield.
NOTE
A fully charged and properly serviced battery will be able to supply power to all essential
systems for approx. 30 minutes.
Even with the audio panel turned off the pilot can still transmit with COM 1 (Failsafe Design) via
his headset. Use of the Intercom is not possible.
WARNING
Before returning the aircraft to service, the problem must be resolved.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3 - 12
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.10.3 Low Voltage Indication
A)
Low voltage indication on the ground (needle in or below red-green shaded arc)
1.
Engine speed
Increase RPM until the needle
moves into the green arc.
(RPM should be below 1350)
2.
All non-essential equipment
OFF, until needle moves into
the green arc
3.
If the needle remains in or below the red-green shaded arc
Do not fly before problem is
eliminated.
B)
Low voltage indication in flight (needle in or below red-green shaded arc)
1.
All non-essential equipment
OFF, until the needle moves
into green the arc
If the needle remains in or below the red-green shaded or yellow arc
Alternator is defective.
Proceed in accordance with
section 3.10.2
2.
C)
Low voltage indication during approach and landing (needle in or below red-green
shaded arc)
1.
After landing
paragraph 3.10.3 A)
Proceed in accordance with
WARNING
Whenever the needle of the voltmeter is within the RED ARC, land at the nearest airfield to
eliminate the problem before continuing the flight.
NOTE
Color of voltmeter caution zone may vary from manufacturer between red-green shaded
or yellow.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3 - 13
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.11 FLAP CONTROL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
FLAP POSITION INDICATOR or FLAP ACTUATOR MALFUNCTION
1.
Flap Actuator circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
RESET, if tripped
2.
Flap Control circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
RESET, if tripped
3.
Flap position
visually CONFIRM on the left wing
4.
Airspeed
5.
Flap switch
maintain within the WHITE ARC
on the airspeed indicator
SWITCH through all positions.
If the flap actuator is inoperative or the flap position indicator reading is incorrect, approach and
landing must be conducted at an airspeed safe for the current flap setting.
WARNING
During landings with the flaps not in the landing position, stall speed and landing distance
increase.
3.12 TRIM CONTROL SYSTEM FAILURES
3.12.1 Trim System Inoperative
1.
2.
3.
Trim Actuator circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
Trim Control circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
Trim switch
then “Nose Down”
RESET, if tripped
RESET, if tripped
repeatedly PRESS “Nose UP” and
NOTE
An inoperative trim system does not affect aircraft controllability. However, the control stick
forces are considerably higher and may reach up to 22 lb (10kg).
4.
Land at the nearest airfield.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3 - 14
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.12.2 Trim Actuator Runaway
1.
Control Column
HOLD in position
2.
Trim Actuator circuit breaker
PULL
3.
Trim switch
CHECK if pressed or jammed
If the problem is obvious, and can be solved:
4.
Trim Actuator circuit breaker (see 3.1.1) RESET
NOTE
Approx. 8 seconds are required to trim from full nose-down to full nose-up or vice versa.
If the problem cannot be solved:
4.
Land at the nearest airfield.
3.13 AVIONICS MALFUNCTIONS
3.13.1 Complete Avionics Failure
1.
Avionics switch
SWITCH OFF then ON, approx. 20 sec.
interval
2.
If the switch trips to the off position:
Land at the nearest suitable airfield.
3.13.2 Receive Mode Failure of COM-Equipment
1.
Push-to-Talk (PPT) switch
2.
Head-set
If no noise is audible:
CHECK pilot’s and co-pilot’s
PTT-switches are not pressed or
jammed (also check transceiver
display). CHECK connectors.
Momentarily switch off SQUELCH.
CHECK head-set connectors.
3.13.3 Transmit Mode Failure of COM-Equipment
1.
Transmit-Signal TX
2.
3.
Selected frequency
Microphone
CHECK if displayed while
transmitting.
CHECK, if correct
CHECK, if necessary replace
head-set.
If the problem cannot be eliminated, set transponder to 7600 (radio failure) as required.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3 - 15
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100A
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
.
3.14 STARTER MALFUNCTION
If, during engine start, the starter does not decouple from the engine (a continuous and
excessive howling tone is audible).
1.
2.
3.
Throttle
IDLE
Ignition switch
OFF
Repair damage before conducting planned flight.
3.15 IN-FLIGHT FAILURES AND MALFUNCTIONS
3.15.1 Inadvertent Release and Opening of the Canopy in flight
In the event of an inadvertent release and opening of the canopy in flight, a stationary canopy
opening angle of about 20° - 30°, depending on the flight condition, is reached. Because the
canopy opens forwards, the canopy cannot be torn off during flight. Even though the airflow
conditions around the aircraft change considerably with an open canopy in flight, the aircraft
remains fully controllable. Initial flight attitude changes can be easily corrected. Do not unbuckle
the seat belt in order to close the canopy. During solo flights, carefully try to close the canopy
without neglecting flight tasks and pilot responsibilities. If this is not possible, continue the flight
with the open canopy and land at the nearest airfield.
1.
Keep calm, there is no imminent danger.
2.
Flight attitude
Stabilize flight attitude. Under
consideration of the actual conditions,
establish stationary horizontal level flight.
Airspeed
65 – 75 KIAS
Canopy
If possible, close and lock canopy in
flight. Check the canopy locking and
the
position
of
the
Canopy
Locking
Lever periodically until landing.
If it is not possible to close the canopy,
continue flight with the open canopy and
land at the nearest airfield.
3.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
3 - 16
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Page
4.1
INTRODUCTION
4-2
4.2
AIRSPEEDS FOR NORMAL OPERATION
4-3
4.3
DAILY INSPECTION
4-4
4.4
PRE-FLIGHT INSPECTION
4-9
4.5
CHECKLISTS FOR NORMAL PROCEDURES
4-11
4.5.1
Before Engine Start-up
4-11
4.5.2
Engine Start-up
4-12
4.5.3
Before Taxiing
4-13
4.5.4
Taxiing
4-13
4.5.5
Before Take-off (at the Taxi Holding Position)
4-14
4.5.6
Take-off
4-14
4.5.7
Climb
4-15
4.5.8
Cruise
4-15
4.5.9
Descent
4-16
4.5.10
Landing
4-16
4.5.11
Go-Around (Balked Landing)
4-17
4.5.12
After Landing
4-17
4.5.13
Engine Shutdown
4-18
4.5.14
Refueling
4-18
4.5.15
Flight in Rain and/or with Wing Contamination
4-18
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4-1
4.1
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
INTRODUCTION
This section provides normal operating procedures and checklists for the aircraft as well as
recommended airspeeds.
Additional information is provided in the current issues of the Operators Manual for ROTAX
engine Type 912 series and the Operation and Installation Manual of mt-Propeller ATA 61-01024.
Normal procedures associated with optional equipment can be found in Section 9.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4-2
4.2
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
AIRSPEEDS FOR NORMAL OPERATION
The following airspeeds are based on the maximum take-off weight of 1653 lbs (750 kg). They
may also be used for any lower operational weight.
TAKE-OFF
Airspeed (IAS)
kts
Normal climb speed to 50 Feet
(Flaps T/O)
57
Best rate of climb speed at sea level
(Flaps UP)
VY
65
Best angle of climb speed at sea level
(Flaps T/O)
VX
52
LANDING
Airspeed (IAS)
kts
Final approach speed for landing
(Flaps LDG)
60
Balked landing
(Flaps LDG)
60
Maximum demonstrated crosswind component for take-off or landing
15
Maximum airspeed with
Flaps LDG
90
VFE
CRUISE
Airspeed (IAS)
kts
Maneuvering speed
VA
Maximum Turbulent Air
Operating Speed
VNO
112
130
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4-3
4.3
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
DAILY INSPECTION
CAUTION
The daily inspection is begun by checking all 3 fuel sumps for water and contamination. This
must be done before the aircraft is moved. Otherwise the fuel in the sump may mix.
1.
2.
Tank drain (left / right wing)
Electrical fuel pump drain
A)
CABIN
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Aircraft Documentation
Ignition key
ALT1/ BAT switch
Warning lights (ALT1, FUEL)
ALT1 switch
Engine instruments
Fuel quantity
Nav Lights switch
Landing Light switch
BAT switch
ELT
Foreign objects
13.
14.
Baggage
Canopy
drain and visually inspect for contamination
drain and visually inspect for contamination
CHECK on board
REMOVED
ON
ILLUMINATE
OFF
CHECK
CHECK
ON, CHECK, OFF
ON, CHECK, OFF
OFF
CHECK operational
CHECK and REMOVE, when
necessary
STOWED and SECURED
CHECK condition and cleanliness
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4-4
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
B) EXTERIOR CHECK, Visual Inspection
5
4
6
3
7
2
1
8
CAUTION
In this manual, visual inspection means the following:
Inspect for mechanical damage, dirt, cracks, delamination, excessive play, looseness,
leaks, incorrect attachment, foreign objects and general condition.
Control surfaces: in addition, check for free movement.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4-5
1.
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Left main landing gear
a) Landing gear strut
b) Wheel fairing
c) Tire pressure and slip marking
d) Tire, wheel, brake
e) Chocks (if in use)
2.
Visual inspection
Visual inspection (refer to 7.11.4)
CHECK
Visual inspection
REMOVE
Fuselage
a) Fuselage shell
b) Skid plate
c) Tail tie-down
3.
Visual inspection
Visual inspection
DISCONNECT
Empennage
a) Elevator
b) Horizontal stabilizer
c) Rudder
Visual inspection
Visual inspection
Visual inspection,
CHECK: fitting and bolt
connection, proper control cable
connection and safe-tied.
Visual inspection
d) Vertical stabilizer
4.
Right main landing gear
a) Landing gear strut
b) Wheel Fairing
c) Tire pressure and slip marking
d) Tire, wheel, brake
e) Chocks (if in use)
5.
Visual inspection
Visual inspection (refer to 7.11.4)
CHECK
Visual inspection
REMOVE
Right wing
a) Entire wing surface (upper and under side)
b) Fuel vent
c) Flap
d) Aileron and inspection window
e) Wing tip, NAV lights and ACL
f) Fuel level
g) Fuel tank filler cap
h) Wing tie-down
Visual inspection
CHECK if clear
Visual inspection
Visual inspection
Visual inspection
CHECK with dipstick (see inner
surface
of
baggage
compartment
door) and verify with the indicated
fuel level on the fuel gauge cockpit
CHECK if closed
DISCONNECT
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4-6
6.
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Nose section, cowling
WARNING
Before cranking the propeller:
Ignition and ALT1/BAT switch: OFF
Set the parking brake.
WARNING
RISK OF BURNS !
Only check the oil and coolant levels when the engine is cool.
a) Check oil level
Turn the propeller several times in the direction of
engine rotation to pump oil from the engine back into
the oil tank.
CAUTION
NEVER turn the propeller against the direction of engine rotation.
Stop turning the propeller when air begins to return to the oil tank. This is indicated by the
sound of air rushing from the open oil tank.
Use the oil dip stick to check that the oil level is between the -min./max.- markings. The
difference between -min./max.- is approximately 0.48 US Quarts (0.45 l).
CAUTION
The oil specification in Section 1.9.1 must be adhered to!
b) Check coolant level:
Verify
coolant
level
in
the
expansion
tank
and
replenish as required. (The expansion tank must be at
least 2/3 filled.) Verify coolant level in the overflow
bottle and replenish as required. (The coolant level
must be between the min. and max. markings.)
CAUTION
The coolant specification in Section 1.9.2 must be adhered to!
c) Air Intakes
d) Cooler intake
e) Cowling
f) Propeller and Spinner
g) Propeller blades
CHECK if clear
CHECK if free from obstructions
Visual Inspection; CHECK Camloc fasteners
Visual inspection
CHECK for cracks and other damage
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4-7
7.
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Nose landing gear
a) Nose gear strut
b) Wheel fairing
Visual inspection
Visual inspection
CAUTION
Both parts of the 2 piece nose wheel fairing must always be installed on the aircraft
c) Tire pressure and slip marking
d) Tire, wheel
e) Shock absorber unit
f) Chocks and tow bar
8.
CHECK
Visual inspection
Visual inspection
REMOVE
Left wing
a) Entire wing surface (upper and under side)
b) Fuel vent
c) BAT switch
d) Stall warning
e) BAT switch
f) Pitot / Static tube
g)
h)
i)
j)
Wing tip, NAV lights and ACL
Aileron and inspection window
Cooler cover (if installed)
Fuel level
k) Fuel tank filler cap
l) Flap
m) Wing tie-down
Visual inspection
CHECK if clear
ON
press to upper detent, warning
tone is audible
OFF
REMOVE cover,
CHECK if all openings are clear
Visual inspection
Visual inspection
Visual inspection
CHECK with dipstick and verify
with the indicated fuel level on the
fuel gauge
CHECK if closed
Visual inspection
DISCONNECT
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4-8
4.4
1.
2.
3.
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
PRE-FLIGHT INSPECTION (Walk Around)
Daily Inspection
Tow bar
Fuel level
Confirm has been carried out.
Remove
CHECK with dipstick and verify with the
indicated fuel level on the fuel gauge
WARNING
Before cranking the propeller:
Ignition and ALT1/BAT switch: OFF,
Set the parking brake.
WARNING
RISK OF BURNS !
Only check the oil and coolant levels when the engine is cool !
4.
Check oil level
Turn the propeller several times in the direction
of engine rotation to pump oil from the engine
back into the oil tank.
Stop turning the propeller when air begins to
return to the oil tank. This is indicated by the
sound of air rushing from the open oil tank.
Use the oil dip stick to check that the oil level is
between the min. and max. markings. The
difference between min. and max. is approx.
0.48 US Quarts (0.45 l).
CAUTION
The oil specification in Section 1.9.1 must be adhered to !
10.
Check Coolant Level
Verify coolant level in the overflow bottle and
replenish as required. (The coolant level must
be between the min. and max. markings)
CAUTION
The coolant specification in Section 1.9.2 must be adhered to !
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4-9
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
6. Tie-down straps
remove
7. Baggage door
CHECK if closed and locked
8. Pitot cover
remove
9. Control locks
remove
10. Seating position
adjust and lock, check that nose wheel
steering and brakes can be operated
11. Carburetor heat
CHECK for free movement,
then PUSH (OFF)
12. Cabin heat
CHECK for free movement,
then PUSH (OFF)
13. Choke
CHECK for free movement and
automatic reset
14. Throttle
CHECK for free movement,
then set IDLE
15. Propeller Control Lever
CHECK for free movement,
then set in START Position
16. Weight and balance
within limits?
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4 - 10
4.5
4.5.1
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
CHECKLISTS FOR NORMAL PROCEDURES
Before Engine Start-up
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Daily and Pre-Flight Inspection
Passenger Briefing
Seats
Seat Belts and Harnesses
Canopy
6.
7.
Parking Brake
Control column
8.
9.
10.
11.
12:
13.
14.
Fuel Selector Valve
Carburetor Heat
Throttle
Propeller Control Lever
Avionics Switch
P/S-Heat (if installed)
Circuit Breakers
COMPLETED
COMPLETED
ADJUSTED
FASTENED
CLOSED and LOCKED
Check locking mechanism
SET (pull lever back)
CHECK for free movement and
correct control surface deflections
LEFT or RIGHT
PRESS
IDLE
START position
OFF
OFF
CHECK all set
NOTE
Cage the Attitude Indicator (if installed) before switching ALT1/BAT on.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
ALT1 / BAT switch
ALT 1 warning light
FUEL warning light
P/S-HEAT warning light (if installed)
ACL switch
ON
ILLUMINATES
ILLUMINATES
ILLUMINATES
ON
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4 - 11
4.5.2
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Engine Start-up
1.
2.
3.
Fuel Pump switch
FUEL warning light
Throttle
4.
Choke
5.
6.
7.
8.
Brakes
Propeller area
Ignition switch
Oil Pressure
- Cold Engine
- Hot Engine
- Cold Engine
- Hot Engine
ON
OFF
IDLE
0.8 in. (2 cm) OPENED
PULL, and keep pulled
RELEASE (automatic reset)
PRESS both pedals
CLEAR
START, then BOTH
CHECK, if oil pressure rises
CAUTION
The oil pressure has to show rising values within 10 seconds after engine start, otherwise shut
down the engine immediately!
NOTE
The starter may not be operated for more than 10 seconds at a time. Allow the starter to cool
off for at least 2 minutes between attempts.
9.
10.
ALT 1 warning light
Fuel Pump switch
OFF
OFF
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4 - 12
4.5.3
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Before Taxiing
CAUTION
Warm up the engine for approx. 2 min at 800 RPM and then at 1000 RPM until the Oil
Temperature reaches a temperature of at least 122°F (50°C)
1.
2.
3.
Avionics switch
Avionics and flight instruments
Engine Instruments
ON
SET
CHECK
NOTE
Oil can be brought up to temperature during taxiing.
4.
Voltmeter
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Trim switch and indication
Flap switch and indication
P/S Heat switch (if installed)
P/S Heat switch (if installed)
all switches
4.5.4
1.
2.
3.
4.
CHECK, if needle is within the
green range
functional CHECK
functional CHECK, afterwards UP
ON, P/S HEAT warning light goes off
OFF, P/S HEAT warning light goes on
AS REQUIRED
Taxiing
Parking Brake
Brakes
Nose Wheel Steering
Flight instruments and Avionics
RELEASE
CHECK
CHECK (function, free movement)
CHECK
CAUTION
Do not operate the engine at high RPM when taxiing to prevent damage to the propeller
through stones or other foreign objects.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4 - 13
4.5.5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Before Take-off (at the Taxi Holding Position)
Brakes
APPLY
Parking Brake
SET
Compass and gyro Instruments
CHECK setting
Fuel Selector Valve
LEFT or RIGHT, switch to the
fuller tank
FUEL warning light
OFF, (otherwise, do not attempt
take-off)
Engine instruments
CHECK if within the green range
Throttle
SET 1700 RPM
Ignition switch
Magneto check: SWITCH through:
“L-BOTH-R-BOTH” – positions.
CHECK RPM-drop
max. RPM-drop:
120 RPM
max. difference L/R: 50 RPM
RPM drop must be noticeable
then: BOTH position
Carburetor heat
10.
11.
PULL (ON)
(RPM drop: 20 to 50 RPM)
Carburetor temperature indicator (if installed) CHECK
Carburetor heat
PUSH (OFF)
12.
Propeller control lever
Check points:
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Throttle
Fuel Pump switch
Flap switch
Trim switch
Circuit breakers
Control column
Lap belt
Canopy
Parking brake
SWITCH 3 times between START
and CRUISE positions (end stops)
1) RPM drop: 200 ± 50 RPM
2) increase manifold pressure
3) constant oil pressure (± 0,5 bar
then: START position
IDLE
ON
T/O
white marking
CHECK all set
CHECK for free movement
FASTENED and TIGHTENED
CLOSED and LOCKED
RELEASE
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4 - 14
4.5.6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Take-off (up to 50 ft)
Throttle
Tachometer
Elevator, control column
Rudder pedals
Rotatespeed
Climb speed
WIDE OPEN
CHECK if within 2300 - 2385 RPM
NEUTRAL during initial ground roll
Maintain direction
50 KIAS
57 KIAS
CAUTION
For the shortest take-off distance over a 50-feet obstacle at sea level:
7.
8.
Rotate speed
Climb speed (VX)
4.5.7
1.
2.
3.
50 KIAS
52 KIAS
Climb
Throttle
Propeller control lever (max. 5 minutes)
Engine instruments
WIDE OPEN
2385 RPM, afterwards 2260 RPM
CHECK if in GREEN range
NOTE
During take-off and climb the propeller revolution is in the caution area because the maximum
continuous rpm is exceeded. This is acceptable and normal for a maximum of 5 minutes.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Flap switch
Climb speed
Fuel Pump switch
Landing Light switch
Trim switch
UP
65 KIAS
OFF
OFF
SET as required
NOTE
The best rate-of-climb speed, VY, is a function of the operating weight and decreases with
altitude. For more information, refer to Section 5.2.6
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4 - 15
4.5.8
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Cruise
1.
Throttle
2.
Propeller control lever
AS REQUIRED (Ref. to Section 5,
Page 5-11)
SET 1650 to 2260 RPM
NOTE
For best manifold pressure/propeller speed combinations: Refer to Section 5, page 5-11
3.
4.
5.
Flaps switch
Trim switch
P/S Heat switch (if installed)
UP
SET as required
AS REQUIRED, OFF at OAT
above 59° F (15° C)
Engine instruments
CHECK if in green range
Carburetor temperature indicator (if installed) MONITOR
6.
7.
CAUTION
During flights above a pressure altitude of 6000 ft, the fuel pressure warning light must be
monitored closely. If the FUEL warning light goes ON, the Fuel Pump must be switched ON to
prevent fuel vapor formation in the fuel system.
4.5.9
1.
2.
3.
4.
Descent
Throttle
Propeller control lever
Carburetor heat
Carburetor temperature indicator (if installed)
AS REQUIRED
SET 1800 to 2200 RPM
AS REQUIRED
MONITOR
CAUTION
For a rapid descent proceed as follows:
Propeller control lever
Throttle
Carburetor heat
Flaps
Airspeed
Oil and cylinder head temperature
START
IDLE
PULL (ON)
UP
130 KIAS
maintain in green range
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4 - 16
4.5.10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Landing
Lap belt
Fuel Pump switch
Carburetor heat
Throttle
Airspeed
Flaps switch
Trim switch
Flaps switch
Approach speed
Propeller control lever
Landing Light witch
CHECK SECURE
ON
PULL (ON)
AS REQUIRED
90 KIAS
T/O or LDG
AS REQUIRED
LDG
60 KIAS
START
ON (as required)
CAUTION
In strong headwinds or crosswinds, in turbulent air or in wind shear, it may be desirable to
approach using less flaps and at a higher airspeed.
4.5.11 Go-Around (Balked Landing)
1.
Throttle
2.
Propeller control lever
3.
Carburetor Heat
4.
Flaps switch
5.
Airspeed
4.5.12
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
WIDE OPEN
START
PUSH (OFF)
T/O
65 KIAS
After Landing
Throttle
Flaps switch
P/S Heat switch (if installed)
Carburetor Heat
Fuel Pump switch
Transponder
Landing Light switch
AS REQUIRED
UP
OFF
PUSH (OFF)
OFF
OFF
OFF
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4 - 17
POH / AFM
Section 4
AQUILA AT01-100A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
4.5.13 Engine Shutdown
1.
Throttle
2.
Parking Brake
3.
Flaps switch
4.
ELT
5.
Avionics switch
6.
Ignition Switch
7.
Electrical equipment
8.
ALT1 / BAT switch
9.
Chocks and tie-downs
4.5.14
1.
2.
IDLE
SET
LDG
CHECK (frequency 121.5 MHz)
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
AS REQUIRED
Refueling
Engine Shutdown as in Section 4.5.13
Ground the aircraft
CAUTION
During refueling, the aircraft must be grounded (for example at the end of the exhaust pipe.)
3.
4.
Open fuel tank filler cap
Refuel both tanks equally
NOTE
Insert the fuel pump nozzle carefully into the tanks to avoid damage.
5.
6.
Replace the fuel tank filler caps
Remove grounding cable
4.5.15 Flight in Heavy Rain and/or with Wing Contamination
CAUTION
When flying with wet and/or contaminated wings and control surfaces, performance and
handling qualities may be reduced. This applies in particular to take-off distance, climb
performance, cruising speed and stall characteristics.
The stall speed may increase up to 3 kts and the air speed indicator may give false readings.
Visibility may deteriorate considerably in rain.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
4 - 18
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
Page
5.1
INTRODUCTION
5-2
5.2
PERFORMANCE CHARTS
5-3
5.2.1
Airspeed Calibration
5-3
5.2.2
Stall Speeds
5-4
5.2.3
Crosswind Component
5-5
5.2.4
Flight Planning
5-6
5.2.5
Take-off Distance
5-7
5.2.6
Climb Performance / Cruise Altitude
5-8
5.2.7
Climb: Fuel Consumption, Time and Distance
5-9
5.2.8
Cruise Performance (TAS – True Airspeed)
5-10
5.2.9
Cruise Power Settings
5-11
5.2.10
Maximum Endurance
5-12
5.2.11
Maximum Range
5-13
5.2.12
Descent: Fuel Consumption, Time and Distance
5-14
5.2.13
Landing Distance
5-15
5.2.14
Climb Performance after Go-Around (Balked Landing)
5-16
5.2.15
Flight Planning Example
5-17
Noise Characteristics / Abatement
5-22
5.3
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010101
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5-1
5.1
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
INTRODUCTION
The performance data in the following charts give an overview on the performance and
capabilities of the AQUILA AT01. This information provides the basis for flight planning prior to
every flight.
All data in the charts haves been acquired during flight testing conducted with an aircraft and
engine in a good operating condition. The performance data was then corrected to ICAO
Standard Atmospheric conditions (59°F / 15°C and 29.92 inHg / 1013.25 hPa at sea level).
The performance data presented can be achieved with a well-maintained aircraft and with
average piloting techniques, when the procedures specified in this manual are followed.
The fuel flow data for cruise presented here are based on the recommended RPM/manifold
pressure setting for each altitude. However, fuel flow and the resulting endurance, with and
without reserve, depend on engine condition, surface quality of the aircraft (clean and dry) and
meteorological conditions.
For precise flight planning and in order to estimate the amount of fuel required for a particular
flight, all available information should be used and all influencing factors considered.
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010101
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5-2
5.2
5.2.1
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
PERFORMANCE CHARTS
Airspeed Calibration
Airspeed calibration accounts for the position error of the pitot-static pressure system, but not
for the instrument error.
Assumption: zero instrument error
Example:
120 KIAS (indicated airspeed) corresponds to 118 KCAS (calibrated airspeed)
Fig.: 5.2.1 Airspeed Calibration
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010101
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5-3
5.2.2
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
Stall Speeds
Stall speeds were determined in the following configuration:
-
Forward center of gravity (CG) limit: 16.8 in (427 mm) behind the Ref. Datum
Takeoff weight 1653 lb. (750 kg)
Engine idle
Bank Angle
Flap
Position
0°
30°
45°
60°
KCAS
KIAS
KIAS
KIAS
KIAS
UP
52
49
51
55
> 64
T/O
48
45
47
51
> 60
LDG
43
39
42
47
> 57
Tab.: 5.2.2 Stall Speeds [kts]
NOTE
Stalling speed with bank angle should be considered as for reference purposes only.
Slight differences in how the aircraft stalls can lead to discrepancies. The greater the angle of
bank and flap deflection, the greater the discrepancies.
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010101
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5-4
5.2.3
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
Demonstrated Crosswind Component, Crosswind Diagram
Maximum demonstrated crosswind component:
15 knots (27 km/h)
WARNING
Stronger crosswind components may render the aircraft uncontrollable!
0°
50
10°
20°
30°
headwind component [kt]
40
40°
50°
30
60°
20
70°
10
80°
0
0
20
10
30
90°
50
40
60
crosswind component [kt]
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010101
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5-5
5.2.4
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
Flight Planning
The performance tables and diagrams on the following pages contain all information required
for flight planning from take-off at your point of departure to the landing at your destination.
Experience shows that the data determined during flight planning match the values achieved in
flight accurately. However, it is important that flight planning is done carefully, that the aircraft is
in a good operating condition and that the pilot is proficient.
During flight planning, it is important to be conservative when reading diagrams and rounding
values. Differences between the actual performance data of the aircraft “at hand” and the data
specified in this manual, the influence of turbulence or wing contamination can cause errors of
up to 10% when calculating range and endurance.
NOTE
Insects or other contamination on the propeller or the leading edge of the wing can significantly
reduce the performance and handling qualities of the aircraft.
The influence of altitude and ambient air temperature on performance is determined as follows:
1.
2.
Set the altimeter to 29.92 inHg (1013 hPa) to determine pressure altitude.
Using the appropriate diagrams and the ambient air temperature, the density
altitude influence can be accounted for.
CAUTION
Reset the altimeter to the appropriate altimeter setting (local QNH value) to determine altitude
above sea level.
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010101
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5-6
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PEFORMANCE
5.2.5 Take-off Distance
Notes:
Airspeed [KIAS]
Take-off Weight
[lbs]([kg])
Lift-Off
50 ft
1653 (750)
50
57
1323 (600)
50
55
1000
3280
900
2952
800
2624
700
2296
600
1968
500
1640
400
1312
300
984
200
656
100
328
- For operations on dry, grass runway, increase ground roll
distance by 25%, on soft grass runway up to 40%.
- Snow and slush require an appropriate increase in ground roll.
- In high humidity conditions the take-off dictance may increase up to 10%.
Conditions:
- An improperly maintained aircraft, deviating from procedures,
Throttle
Wide Open (max 5 min.)
poor meteorological and ambient conditions (rain, crosswind,
RPM:
2385 RPM
wind shear etc.) may increase take-off distances significantly.
Flaps:
T/O
Paved, level, dry runway
Pressure
Altitude
Take-off Distance [m] [ft]
Ground Roll [m] [ft]
Tail Wind
Headwind
-30
-22
Example:
-20
-4
-10
14
0
32
10
50
20
68
°C
Outside Air Temperature °F
30
86
40
104
Pressure Altitude 1800 ft
Outside Air Temperature 64°F (18°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-101
Issue:
A.02
0
750 725 700 675 650 625 600 575 550
1650
1540
1430
1320
1210
kg
Take-off weight
lb
Take-off Weight 1587 lbs (720 kg)
Supersedes Issue:
28.05.2013
0
2
4
6
8
10 12 14 16 18 20
Wind Component [kts]
Headwind: 8 kts
Date:
15.10.2013
0
Do not interpolate at altitudes
0
between 0 and 50 ft!
Obstacle Height [ft]
Take-off roll: 663 ft (202 m)
Take-off distance: 1230ft (375 m)
Page:
5-7
50
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
Performance
A
5.2.6 Rate of Climb / Cruise Altitude
Take-off Weight
[lbs] ([kg])
Service Ceiling (ISA)
1653 (750)
1323 (600)
Best Rate-of-Climb Speed [KIAS]
MSL-5000 ft
10 000 ft
13 000 ft
14 500 ft
65
63
61
14 500 ft
62
61
60
1500
1400
Conditions:
1300
Throttle: MCP
RPM 2260 URPM
1200
Flaps: UP
1100
Pressure Altitude
900
800
700
600
Rate-of-Climb [ft/min ]
1000
500
400
300
200
100
-30 (-22) -20 (-4)
-10 (14)
0 (32) 10 (50) 20 (68)
Outside Air Temprature [°C (°F)]
30 (86) 40 (104)
750 (1650)
Example: Pressure Altitude 3000 ft
700 (1540)
650 (1430)
Weight 1587 lb (720 kg)
600 (1320)
Weight [kg (lb)]
0
550 (1210)
Rate-of-Climb 575 ft/min
Outside Air Temperature +64°F (18°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-101
Issue:
A.02
Supersedes Issue:
28.05.2013
Date:
15.10.2013
Page:
5-8
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
A
5.2.7 Climb: Fuel, time and Distance
Conditions:
2260 rpm, MCP,
Flaps : UP
m = 750 kg (1653 lb)
no-wind
Vy= 65 KIAS, to 5000 ft
Vy= 63 KIAS, to 10.000 ft
Vy= 61 KIAS, to 13.000 ft
For each 8°C above ISA, increase
time, distance and fuel by 10%.
14000
13000
Fuel
Time
12000
Distance
11000
10000
Pressure Head [ft]
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
0 (0)
5 (1.32)
10 (2.64)
15 (3.96)
10 - 3.2 = 6.8 NM
8.8 - 2.9 = 5.9 min = 5' 54"
20 (5.28)
Issue:
A.02
30 (7.93)
35 (9.24)
40
(10.6)
45 (11.9)
Fuel, Time, Distance[liter (gallons), min, NM]
see also pages 5-18
4.7 - 1.5 = 3.2 liter
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-101
25 (6.60)
Supersedes Issue:
28.05.2013
Example:
Airport Pressure Head 1800 ft
Cruising Flight Pressure Head 5000 ft
Date:
15.10.2013
Page:
5-9
50 (13.2)
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
FLUGLEISTUNGEN
5.2.8 Cruising Speed (TAS - True airspeed)
Conditions:
Performance: Settings after schedule on page 5-11
Flight weight: 750 kg (1653 lb)
Flaps: UP
Notice: Flying without any wheel fairings or with mud guards reduces performance up to
10%.
12000
Pressure Head
10000
Density Altitude [ft]
8000
6000
MCP = RPM 2260
4000
Performance:
2000
55%
65%
75%
85%
0
-60
-76
-2000
-40
-40
-20
-4
0
32
20
68
40
104
95
°C
Outside Air Temperature °F
Example: Pressure Head 5000 ft
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
Knots True Airspeed [KTAS]
Density Altitude: 5500 ft
Set Performance: 75%
Speed: 121 kts
Outside Air Temperature +50°F (+10°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-101
Issue:
A.02
Supersedes Issue:
28.05.2013
Date:
15.10.2013
Page:
5 - 10
135
5.2.9
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
Cruise Power Settings
Pressure
altitude
Head
Engine performance in % of MCP
Standard
temperature
55%
65%
75%
85%
MCP
H
T
T
RPM
MP
FF
FF
RPM
MP
FF
FF
RPM
MP
FF
FF
RPM
MP
FF
FF
RPM
MP
FF
FF
[ft]
[°C]
[°F]
[U/min]
[in Hg]
[l/h]
[gal/h]
[U/min]
[in Hg]
[l/h]
[gal/h]
[U/min]
[in Hg]
[l/h]
[gal/h]
[U/min]
[in Hg]
[l/h]
[gal/h]
[U/min]
[in Hg]
[l/h]
[gal/h]
0
15
59
1900
24.6
14.0
3.7
2000
25.7
15.6
4.12
2100
27.0
21.0
5.55
2260
27.7
24.0
6.34
2260
28.0
26.0
6.87
2000
11
52
1900
24.0
15.0
4.0
2000
24.7
16.0
4.23
2200
25.7
21.3
5.63
2260
26.7
22.0
5.81
2260
27.0
26.0
6.87
3000
9
48
1900
23.7
15.5
4.1
2050
24
16.4
4.33
2230
25.0
21.4
5.65
2260
26
22.0
5.81
4000
7
44
1900
23.3
16.0
4.2
2100
23.3
16.8
4.44
2260
24.3
21.5
5.68
2260
25.2
22.0
5.81
5000
5
41
1950
22.7
16.5
4.4
2150
23
18.1
4.77
2260
23.8
21.9
5.79
6000
3
37
2000
22.0
17.0
4.7
2200
22.7
19.3
5.1
2260
23.3
22.3
5.89
8000
-1
30
2100
21.0
18.0
4.8
2200
21.5
21.5
5.68
2260
21.5
23.0
6.08
10,000
-5
23
2200
19.7
19.0
5.0
2260
20.1
22.0
5.81
12,000
-9
16
2260
18.5
19.0
5.0
MCP:
RPM:
MP:
FF:
maximum continuous power
revolutions per minute
manifold pressure
fuel flow
Correction for non ISA temperature conditions:
For each 50°F (10°C) above ISA:
For each 50°F (10°C) below ISA:
increase Manifold Pressure by 3%,
Fuel consumption increases by 5%
decrease Manifold Pressure by 3%,
Fuel consumption decreases by 5%
Sample calculation: page 5.22
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5 - 11
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
A
5.2.10 Maximum Endurance
NOTE:
Condition:
Power setting: according to the table on page 5-10
Airplane mass: 1653 lbs (750 kg)
Flaps: UP
Fuel quantity: usable fuel 28.9 US gal (109.6 l)
A not properly maintained engine
The calculation of the endurance includes:
and aircraft may considerably
1. Fuel for engine start-up and taxiing: 0.5 US gal (2 l)
reduce the endurance of the airplane.
2. Fuel for take-off and climb to cruise altitude with max.
continuous power as well as fuel for the descent
3. Reserve for 30 min. of holding at 55% = 2 US gal (7.5 l)
12000
Pressure
Head (ISA)
10000
Density Altitude [ft]
8000
6000
4000
Performance:
2000
MCP
n=2260
75%
85%
65%
55%
0
-60 -50
-76
-40
-40
-30
-20
-4
-10
0
32
10
20
68
30
°C
°F
Example Pressure Altitude 4500 ft
40
104
3,0
3,5
4,0
4,5
5,0
5,5
6,0
6,5
7,0
7,5
Flight Duration [h]
Outside Air Temperature
Density Altitude: 5000 ft
Power Setting: 75%
Endurance: 4.55 h = 4 h 33'
Outside Air Temperature: 50°F (+10°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-101
Issue:
A.02
Supersedes Issue:
28.05.2013
Date:
15.10.2013
Page:
5 - 12
8,0
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
A
5.2.11 Maximum Range
NOTE:
Condition:
Power setting: according to the table on page 5-10
Airplane mass: 1653 lbs (750 kg)
Flaps: UP
Fuel quantity: usable fuel 28.9 US gal (109.6 l)
A not properly maintained engine
The calculation of the range includes:
and aircraft may considerably
1. Fuel for engine start-up and taxiing: 0.5 US gal (2 l)
reduce the range of the airplane.
2. Fuel for take-off and climb to cruise altitude with max.
continuous power as well as fuel for the descent
3. Reserve for 30 min. of holding at 55% = 2 US gal (7.5 l)
12000
Pressure
Head (ISA)
10000
Density Altitude [ft]
8000
6000
4000
2000
Performance:
MCP
n=2260
85%
75%
65%
55%
0
-60
-76
-40
-40
-20
-4
0
32
20
68
°C
°F
Example Pressure Altitude 4500 ft
40
104
400
425
450
475
500
525
550
575
600
625
650
675
700
725
Range [NM]
Outside Air Temperature
Density Altitude: 5000 ft
Power Setting: 75%
Range: 537 NM
Outside Air Temperature: 50°F (+10°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-101
Issue:
A.02
Supersedes Issue:
28.05.2013
Date:
15.10.2013
Page:
5 - 13
750
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
A
5.2.12 Descent: Fuel, Time and Distance
Process:
Conditions:
In descent follow a speed of 121 KIAS.
Manifold Pressure: as required. Approx. 15 in Hg
Set performance for a descent rate of 750 ft / min.
Speed of Rotation: 2000 rpm
Keep the engine temperature in the green range.
Flaps:
UP
If necessary, activate carburetor heat.
14000
Fuel
Time
13000
12000
Distance
11000
10000
Pressure Head [ft]
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
Annotations:
- The values shown are for no-wind conditions
- The chart is valid for all permissible masses and
Outside Air Temperatures.
3000
2000
1000
0
0 (0)
2 (0.5)
4 (1.0)
6 (1.6)
8 (2.1) 10(2.6) 12 (3.2) 14(3.7) 16 (4.2) 18 (4.8) 20 (5.3) 22(5.8) 24 (6.3) 26 (6.9) 28 (7.4) 30(7.9) 32 (8.4) 34(9.0) 36 (9.5) 38(10.0) 40
Fuel, Time, Distance [liter (gallon), min, NM]
Fuel: 1.0 - 0.1 = 0.9 liter
Time: 6.7 - 0.5 = 6.2 min = 6'12"
see also pages 5-18
Distance: 14.45 - 1 = 13.45 NM
Example:
Airport Pressure Head 5000 ft
Cruising Flight Pressure Head 380 ft
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-101
Issue:
A.01
Supersedes Issue:
28.05.2013
Date:
15.10.2013
Page:
5 - 14
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
A
5.2.13 Landing Distance
NOTES: - When landing on a dry, grass runway, increase the required landing distances by 15%.
Airspeed [KIAS]
in 50 ft
Touchdown
- Increase ground roll appropriately for wet grass/ground, ice, snow and slush.
1653 (750)
65
45
- An improperly maintained aircraft, deviating from procedures,
1323 (600)
65
43
poor meteorological and ambient conditions (rain, crosswind,
wind shear etc.) may increase landing distances significantly.
Conditions:
Power setting: Idle
Propeller: Take-off (propeller control lever: HIGH-RPM position)
Flaps: LDG
Maximum brake application.
Paved, level and dry runway.
Tailwind
Landing Distance [m] [ft]
Pressure
Head
4000 ft
2000 ft
MSL
Headwind
1000
3280
900
2952
800
2624
700
2296
600
1968
500
1640
400
1312
300
984
200
656
100
328
0
-20 -10
0
10
20
30
40
750 725 700 675 650 625 600 575 550
1650
1540
1430
1320
1210
-4
14 32
50
68
86 104
°C
Landing mass kg
Outside Air Temperature
°F
lb
Example:
Pressure altitude: 380 ft
Landing mass: 1453 lbs (659 kg)
Outside air temperature: 68°F (20°C)
-30
-22
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-101
Issue:
A.02
0
2
4
6
8 10 12 14 16
Wind Component [kts]
Headwind component: 9 kts
Supersedes Issue:
28.05.2013
18
20
50
Do not use
intermediate
values!
Obstacle Height [ft]
Landing distance: 1230 ft (375 m)
Ground roll: 525 ft (160 m)
Date:
15.10.2013
Page:
5 - 15
0
0
Ground Roll [m] [ft]
Ldg Weight
[lbs]([kg])
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
A
5.2.14 Climb Performance after Balked Landing
Conditions:
1000
Performance: full throttle
Rotation spees: 2385 rpm
Flaps: LDG
900
Speed: 55 KIAS
800
600
500
400
Rate of Climb[ft/min]
700
Pressure
Head
300
200
100
-30 (-22) -20 (-4)
-10 (14)
0 (32)
10 (50)
20 (68)
30 (86)
40
750 (1650)
700 (1550)
0
550 (1400)
600(1450)
Weight [kg (lb)]
Outside Air Temperature (OAT) [°C (°F)]
Example: Pressure Head 1800 ft
650(1500)
Weight 725 kg (1598 lb)
Rate of Climb 375 ft/min
Outside Air Temperature +25°C (+77°F)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-101
Issue:
A.02
Supersedes Issue:
28.05.2013
Date:
15.10.2013
Page:
5 - 16
5.2.15
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
Flight Planning Example
The following contains a flight-planning example to demonstrate the use of the tables,
charts and data presented in this section of the POH. The flight planning is based upon
the following conditions:
Aircraft
Take-off weight: ............................................. 1587 lbs (720 kg)
Usable fuel: .................................................... 29 US Gal (109.6 ltr)
Wheel fairings installed
Conditions at the departure airfield
Pressure altitude: ........................................... 1800 ft
Temperature: ................................................. 64°F (18°C), approx. 13°F (7°C) above
ISA
RWY direction: ............................................... 24 (240°)
Wind conditions.............................................. 280°/10 kts
RWY length (paved, level and dry RWY) ....... 2040 ft (620 m)
Cruise conditions
Overall flight distance to destination .............. 480 NM (888 km)
Cruise altitude (altimeter setting 1013 hPa) ... 5000 ft
Temperature at cruise altitude . ..................... 50°F (10°C), 7°F (4°C) above ISA
Reported wind en-route ................................. 10 kts tailwind component
Conditions at the destination airfield
Pressure altitude ............................................ 380 ft
Temperature .................................................. 68°F (20°C), 11°F (6°C) above ISA
RWY direction ................................................ 27 (270°)
Wind conditions.............................................. 220°/15 kts
RWY length (dry and level grass RWY) ......... 2560 ft (780 m)
TAKE-OFF DISTANCE
Before using chart 5.2.5 on page 5-7 to determine the required take-off run and take-off
distance, the crosswind component of the wind relative to runway direction must be
obtained from chart 5.2.3 on page 5-5.
Relative to the runway heading, the wind is 40° from the right at 10 kts.
Using these values and chart 5.2.3, we obtain a headwind component of 8 kts and a
crosswind component of 7 kts. .
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5 - 17
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
We now have all the necessary data to determine the required take-off distances from
chart 5.2.5:
Take-off ground roll.........................................202 m
Lift-off speed...................................................50 KIAS
Take-off distance over a 50 ft obstacle...........375 m
Airspeed in 50 ft..............................................57 KIAS
The required take-off distance is less than the available runway length (TODA) of 620m.
CLIMB
Using chart 5.2.7 a best rate-of-climb of 575 ft/min is determined for an aircraft with a
take-off weight of 1587 lbs (720 kg) in 3000 ft at a temperature of 59 °F (15 °C).
Time needed and distance covered as well as fuel consumption for the climb may be
calculated using chart 5.2.7.
Since take-off occurs at an altitude of 1800 ft, the values for climb to this altitude must
be subtracted from the time required, distance covered and fuel consumption to the
cruise altitude (4500 ft).
Since the outside air temperature is 13°F (7°C) above ISA, the values determined must
be increased by 10%. For our example, we obtain the following:
Climbing time:....................(8.8 – 2.9) . 1.1 = 6.5 min = 6‘29“
Climbing distance:.............(10 NM – 3.2 NM) . 1.1 = 7.5 NM
Fuel needed:.....................(4.7 ltr – 1.5 ltr) . 1.1 = 3.5 liters
(1.24 US gal – 0.4 US gal) . 1.1 = 0.924 US gal
The reported tailwind component of 10 kts at the cruise altitude also has an effect on
the climb. However, it has no influence on climbing time and fuel consumption.
Since wind speed tends to increase with altitude, we will assume a tail wind of 7 kts for
the entire climb.
During the climb, the tail wind acts on the aircraft for 6.5 minutes. As a result, we obtain
for the covered distance over the ground during the climb segment:
7.5 NM +
7 kts  6.5 min
= 8.25 NM
60 min/h
This result shows that the wind only has a small influence on climbing distance and is
only of importance when large head or tail winds are present or when climbing to high
altitudes. In this example, the wind influence on climbing distance could have been
neglected.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5 - 18
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
CRUISE
Cruise altitude is chosen under consideration of flight distance, en-route winds and
aircraft performance. In this flight-planning example, a typical cruise altitude and enroute wind condition has been chosen.
The range diagram 5.2.11 on page 5-13 shows the relationship between the engine
power setting and the maximum achievable range. Lower power settings result in
considerable fuel savings and thus greater achievable ranges.
Applying this chart to our example, a power setting of 75 % and a pressure altitude of
5000 ft give a maximum range of 537 NM at a true airspeed of 121 KTAS. The true
airspeed at cruise was obtained from chart 5.2.8 on page 5-10 taking into account the
atmospheric conditions (outside air temperature and chosen cruise pressure altitude)
and the chosen power setting.
The maximum possible flight endurance is obtained from chart 5.2.10 on page 5-13. In
our example, the maximum endurance is 4.52 hours at a power setting of 75 %. This
maximum flight endurance and the maximum flight range determined above include 30
minutes of reserve at a power setting of 55 %, engine start-up/taxiing, take-off, climb,
cruise, descent and landing.
Taking the reported tailwind of 10 kts in 5000 ft into account, the maximum achievable
range of 537 NM must be corrected as follows:
Range with no wind
Range increase due to 10 kts tailwind (4,52 h x 10 kts)
537,0 NM
45,2 NM
582,2 NM
This shows that, for a flight over a distance of 480 NM at a cruise power setting of 75 %,
the fuel reserve is sufficient.
DESCENT
Chart 5.2.12 on page 5-14 is used to calculate time, distance and fuel consumption for
the descent segment. In our flight-planning example, descent is initiated at cruise
altitude (5000 ft) and ends at 380 ft. During descent, the altimeter setting must be
adjusted to local QNH.
Descent duration:......................... 6.7 min – 0.5 min = 6.2 min = 6‘ 12“
Descent distance:.........................14.45 NM – 1.0 NM = 13.45 NM
Fuel required:... 0.26 US gal (1.0 ltr) – 0.03 US gal (0.1 ltr) = 0.23 US gal (0.9 ltr)
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5 - 19
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
CALCULATION OF FUEL REQUIRED
Fuel required for engine start-up and taxiing
0.53 US gal (2.0 ltr)
(General Value, see remark “Fuel Quantity” on pg. 5-12 and 5-13)
Fuel required for climb (page 5-18)
+0.92 US gal (3.5 ltr)
1.45 US gal (5.5 ltr)
Climb distance (page 5-18)
Wind correction (tailwind)
7.5 NM
+ 0.7 NM
8.2 NM
During the descent from 5000 ft to 380 ft, a distance of 13.45 NM is covered and 0.23
US gal (0.9 ltr) of fuel consumed (page 5-14). The influence of the wind has been
neglected.
Overall flight distance
Climb distance
Descent distance
Cruise section
480.00 NM
8.20 NM
- 13.45 NM
458,35 NM
With the expected 10 kts tail wind, we obtain a (estimated) ground speed of:
121 kts + 10 kts = 131 kts
for the time spent in cruise we obtain:
458.35 NM
= 3.50 h = 3h 30‘
131kts
The fuel required for the cruise segment is:
3.50 h x 5.8 US gal/h (21,9 l/h) = 20.25 US gal (76.65 liters)
A fuel flow of 5.8 US gal/h (21.9 l/h) is calculated from the table on page 5-11 in the
section for the power setting of 75 % MCP as follows:
With a temperature of 50°F (10°C) in 5000 ft, we obtain a density altitude of 5500 ft
(refer to the tables on page 5-10 and 5-12).
To obtain the value for 5000 ft density altitude from the table on page 5-11, we need to
interpolate between 4000 ft and 6000 ft. By using density altitude and not pressure
altitude, we have already accounted for the deviation from ISA conditions. An additional
correction, as shown on page 5-11, is no longer necessary as fuel consumption is
already shown at density altitude.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5 - 20
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
The total amount of fuel required is calculated as follows:
Engine start-up, taxiing and climb
Cruise
Descent
Total fuel required
1.45 US gal (5.5 ltr)
20.26 US gal (76.7 ltr)
0.23 US gal (0.9 ltr)
21.94 US gal (83.1 ltr)
If we assume full tanks at take-off, the following reserve remains:
Amount of usable fuel
Total fuel required
Fuel reserve:
28.96 US gal (109.6 ltr)
-21.94 US gal (83.1 ltr)
7.02 US gal (26.5 ltr)
The actual ground speed of the aircraft must be regularly checked and tracked during
flight as it forms the basis of our calculations. If, for example, the expected tailwind of 10
kts does not materialize, the power setting may have to be reduced to 65 % MCP to
achieve the same range with the same amount of fuel.
LANDING DISTANCE
To determine the required landing distance use chart 5.2.13 on page 5-15. Once again
use chart 5.2.3 on page 5-5 to determine the wind components relative to the runway.
Relative to the runway heading, the wind is 50° from the left at 15 kts. This gives a
headwind component of 9 kts and a crosswind component of 12 kts.
The landing weight is:
Take-off weight
Fuel burned
(83.1 ltr x 0,73 kg/l = 60.6 kg)
1587 lbs (720 kg)
- 134 lbs (60.6 kg)
1453 lbs (659.4 kg)
Landing distance required over a 50 ft obstacle
Addition for grass runway (dry: +15%)
1230 ft (375 m)
1417 ft (432 m)
Ground roll
Addition for grass runway (dry: +15%)
525 ft (160 m)
604 ft (184 m)
The available runway length of 2560 ft (780 m) is sufficient.
The reported crosswind component is also below the maximum demonstrated
crosswind component (15 kts.).
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5 - 21
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100A
PERFORMANCE
Sample Calculation:
Cruise altitude:
ISA temperature:
Temperature in cruise altitude:
Power setting:
RPM:
Manifold pressure for ISA (see chart):
Manifold pressure calculated for ISA + 10°C:
Fuel consumption for ISA:
Fuel consumption calculated for ISA + 10°C:
5.3
2000 ft
52°F (11°C)
70°F (21°C) (ISA + 10°C)
65%
2000 RPM
24.7 in Hg
24.7+ (24.7 x 0.03) =25.4 in Hg
4.3 US gal/h (16 l/h)
4.3 + (4.3 x 0.05) = 4.5 US gal/h (17 l/h)
NOISE CHARACTERISTICS / ABATEMENT
Certification basis
Actual
(MTOW: 750kg / 1653 lbs)
Maximum Allowable
CS-36, Amendment 3
65.1 dB(A)
74.2 dB(A)
ICAO Annex 16, Chapter 10
65.1 dB(A)
74.2 dB(A)
The FAA has made no determination that these noise levels are acceptable or
unacceptable for operations at any airport.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
5 - 22
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
SECTION 6
WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST
Page
6.1
INTRODUCTION
6-2
6.2
AIRCRAFT WEIGHING
2-3
6.3
WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA
6-4
Weight and Balance Record
6-6
DETERMINING WEIGHT AND BALANCE FOR FLIGHT
6-7
6.4.1
Load moment determination (loading graph)
6-8
6.4.2
Weight and Moment Determination
6-9
6.4.3
Approved Center of Gravity Range and Moment Limits
6-10
EQUIPMENT LIST
6-11
Current Equipment List of the Aircraft
6-12
6.3.1
6.4
6.5
6.5.1
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6-1
6.1
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
INTRODUCTION
Before delivery, the manufacturer determines the basic empty weight and moment as well as
the empty C.G. location for each aircraft. This data is documented in the Weight and Balance
Record in section 6.3.1 of this section. The certified empty C.G. limits can be found the
Maintenance Manual.
It is the operator's responsibility to document any changes to the empty weight and center of
gravity of the aircraft.
The aircraft is to be weighed in the following configuration
Weighing configuration:
a)
Aircraft with:
Brake fluid
Engine oil
(3.17 US qt / 3 liters)
Engine coolant (2.64 US qt / 2.5 liters)
Unusable fuel (2.74 US Gal / 10.4 liters)
b)
Equipment in accordance with the current equipment list (section 6.5 )
NOTE
The aircraft must be weighed in accordance with the relevant aviation regulations at regular
intervals or after repairs, after extensive maintenance, after large portions of the aircraft have
been painted, after changes to the equipment or when doubt exists as to the accuracy of the
last weighing. This data must then be recorded in the Weight and Balance Record.
It is the pilot's responsibility to operate the aircraft within its weight and balance limits.
The aircraft must be flown at a weight and a center of gravity position (C.G.) that are within the
approved operating ranges, as defined in this section, to guarantee safe operation, the
specified performances and the flight characteristics. The shift in C.G. location due to fuel burn
during flight must be taken into account.
The C.G. Limits are defined in section 6.4.3.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6-2
6.2
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
AIRCRAFT WEIGHING
Reference Datum (BE):
Horizontal reference line:
Leading edge of wing root rib
Place a wedge (800 : 77) 63 in (1600 mm) ahead of the
leading edge of the horizontal stabilizer. Place a level on the
wedge and level the aircraft.
Lever DB:
Distance from nose wheel to Reference Datum (BE)
Lever DL, DR:
Distance from main wheel to Reference Datum (BE)
Lever DSL:
Distance of C.G. to Reference Datum (BE)
1600 mm
63 in
Aircraft Weighing: Example in [kg, m]
Position
Weight [kg]
*
Lever [m]
=
Moment [kg*lb]
Nose Wheel
mB = 106
*
DB = - 0,840
=
MB = - 89
Left Main Wheel
mL = 200
*
DL = + 0,780
=
ML = + 156
Right Main Wheel
mR = 200
*
DR = + 0,780
=
MR = + 156
Total
mGes = 506
Center of Gravity
MGes / mGes
MGes= 223
=
DSL = 0,440
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6-3
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
Aircraft Weighing: Example in [lb, in]
Position
Weight [lb]
*
Lever [in]
=
Moment [in*lb]
Nose Wheel
mB = 234
*
DB = - 33
=
MB = - 7722
Left Main Wheel
mL = 441
*
DL = + 30.7
=
ML = + 13539
Right Main Wheel
mR = 441
*
DR = + 30.7
=
MR = + 13539
Total
mGes = 1116
Center of Gravity
MGes / mGes
MGes= 19356
=
DSL = 17.34
CAUTION
Sign Convention:
The lever arms of the main landing gear wheels, DL and DR, have a positive (+) value and that
of the nose gear, DN, a negative (-) one.
6.3 WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA
The current empty weight and C.G. Location must be added to the Weight and Balance Record
on page 6-6 and signed off by an authorized person. It is important that the Weight and
Balance Record be complete and up to date. The first entry in the record is made during the
conformity inspection at the end of the manufacturing process.
NOTE
The pilot uses the empty weight C.G. as the basis for all weight and balance calculations for
flight.
It is possible to calculate a new empty weight and C.G. if the changed weights and
corresponding levers are known (for example, a change in equipment). If, however, the
changed weights and corresponding levers are not known (for example, after repair work) a
new weighing will need to be completed.
If the empty weight and C.G. are to be calculated, it is important that current information is
being used.
NOTE
The current aircraft weighing report is to be included as page 6-5 of this POH. Previous
weighing reports must be clearly marked as such or removed.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6-4
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
Replace with current Aircraft Weighing Report
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6-5
Date
IN
OUT
at delivery
description of the
change
AQUILA AT01
S/N:
„+“ or „-„
in flight direction
aft of BE: (+)
front of BE: (-)
[kg]
or
[Lb]
singlemass
[m]
or
[in]
[kgm]
or
[lb in]
lever of
moment of
single mass single mass
Mass, Lever, Moment of change acc. to
wing leading edge (BE)
Registration Sign:
[kg]
or
[Lb]
empty
weight
[m]
or
[in]
center of gravity
(DSL)
empty weight and centre of
gravity of the airplane
signature
stamp
authorized staff
Page:
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
6.3.1 Weight and Balance Record
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6-6
6.4
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
DETERMINING WEIGHT AND BALANCE FOR FLIGHT
In order to operate the aircraft within the approved weight and C.G. limits, the take-off weight
and the flight C.G. position must be determined, taking into consideration the loading for the
planned flight.
Use the tables and charts provided in sections 6.4.1 through 6.4.3 to determine weight and
C.G. position:
Section 6.4.1
Load moment determination (loading graph)
Section 6.4.2
Weight and moment determination
Section 6.4.3
Approved center of gravity and weight limits
Proceed as follows:
1.
Take the basic empty weight mempty and the empty weight moment MOempty from the
current Aircraft Weighing Report or the Weight and Balance Record and enter them into
the appropriate fields of Table 6.4.2 Weight and Moment Determination.
2.
Using chart 6.4.1 Loading Graph determine the moments of the load (pilot, fuel,
baggage, etc.). Enter this information, as well as their weight, into the appropriate fields
of Table 6.4.2 Weight and Moment Determination Table.
Alternatively, the moments can be calculated with the lever arms from Table 6.4.2
Weight and Moment Determination Table.
3.
Find the sum of the weights and the moments in their columns. Transfer this information
into chart 6.4.3 Approved C.G. Range and Moment Limits to check if the current C.G. is
within limits.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6-7
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
6.4.1 Load moment determination (loading graph)
Loading Graph
530 240
Seat most
forward
Seat most
rearward
485 220
440 200
Load Mass [kg] ([lbs])
395 180
350 160
305 140
265 120
220 100
Kraftstoff
fuel
175 80
130 60
90
45
0
baggage
Gepäck
40
20
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
70
145
220
290
360
430
510
580
650
720
800
870
940 1010
0
140
Moment of loading [kg m] ([lb ft])
NOTE
When determining the C.G. position, the fact that the seat is adjustable must be taken in to
consideration. The moments for the forward and the aft seat positions are shown, the moments
for all other positions must be interpolated
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6-8
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
6.4.2 Weight and Moment Determination
Calculating
Loading
Condition
EMPTY WEIGHT
(from Table 6.3.1)
PILOT
PASSENGER
Lever from leading
edge of wing root
rib (BE)
[in] [m]
Weight
Moment
Weight
Moment
[lb]
[kg]
[in lb]
[m kg]
[lb]
[kg]
[in lb]
[m kg]
1116
19309
Exp.: 17.3 in (0.440 m)
506
223
19.1 (0.484)
(seat forward)
121
2311
55
27
DSL =
22.8 (0.580)
(seat aft)
19.1 (0.484)
(seat forward)
22.8 (0.580)
(seat aft)
BAGGAGE
51.2 (1.3)
Weight & Moment
without fuel
usable
FUEL
Registration No.:
Aquila AT01
Example
220
100
(seat forward)
4609
53
(seat middle)
33
1690
15
20
1490
27919
676
323
159
12.8 (0.325)
(6.01 lb / US gal)
(0.72 kg / l)
(= 26,5 gal)
2035
72
23
(= 100 ltr)
Total Weight &
Moment
1649
29954
748
346
Explanation:
 Transfer the empty weight and the empty C.G. (DSL) from section 6.3.1 or from
the current Aircraft Weighing Report.
 Add all the weights
 Transfer the moments from chart 6.4.1 or calculate the moments by multiplying the
weight with the arms.
 Find the sum of the weights and moments
 Plot the total weight and moment in the Center of Gravity Range and Moment Limits
diagram 6.4.3.
The flight C.G. from the example is 29954 inlb / 1649 lb = 18.2 in (limit range: 16.8 – 20.6
in) respectively 346 kgm / 748 kg = 0,463 m (limit range: 0,427 – 0,523 m) aft of the datum
and is within the limits.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6-9
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
6.4.3 Approved Center of Gravity Range and Moment Limits
1675 760
xS =16.8 in
17.1
17.9
18.7
xS = 427mm
435
455
475
19.5 20.3 xS = 20.6 in
515 xS = 523 mm
495
1650 750
1630 740
1610 730
1585 720
1565 710
1540 700
1520 690
Flight mass [kg (lbs)]
1500 680
1475 670
1455 660
1435 650
1410 640
1390 630
1365 620
1340 610
1320 600
1300 590
1280 580
1255 570
1230 560
1210 550
230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420
1665
1810
1950
2100
2240
2380
2530
2680
2820
2970
Moments of mass [kg m (lb in)]
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6 - 10
6.5
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
EQUIPMENT LIST
The equipment list includes all avionic systems, instruments and other equipment installed in
the aircraft.
All changes to the equipment of this aircraft must be documented in the equipment list in this
handbook. It must be kept up to date and reflect the current equipment status.
The equipment list in this handbook contains the following information:
1.
Designation/Description, Manufacturer, model or P/N and S/N of the avionic system,
instrument or other equipment.
2.
Indication of the installation location OR lever arm in [in] from the reference datum.
Positive lever arms indicate locations behind the reference datum and negative lever
arms indicate locations in front of the reference datum.
NOTE
The installation of additional equipment or a change in installed equipment, must be
carried out in accordance with the data provided in the Maintenance Manual. The
retrofitting of equipment must be conducted in accordance with the applicable Service
Bulletin. When in doubt, the type certificate holder or the production organization of
AQUILA Aviation should be contacted.
After every change to the aircraft that could cause the empty weight or moment to
change (for example, the installation or removal of equipment), the empty weight and
C.G. (DSL) need to be redetermined. The change also needs to be documented in an
Aircraft Weighing Report and in the Weight and Balance Record in section 6.3.1.
It may be possible to calculate the empty weight and C.G. if the new weights and levers
are known. Otherwise a new weighing will need to be completed.
The new C.G. must lie within the limits (refer to Maintenance Manual, MM-AT-01-1020110).
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6 - 11
6.5.1
*)
**)
Section 6
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
Current Equipment List of the Aircraft
AQUILA AT01-100
*)
POH / AFM
AQUILA AT01-100A
Registration:
Designation / Description
Manufacturer
S/N: AT01-100AModel / P/N
S/N
Installation
Location **)
Mark where applicable
Describe installation location or enter lever arm from reference datum in [in] (keep algebraic sign of lever arm in mind)
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6 - 12
AQUILA AT01-100
*)
*)
**)
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
Registration:
Designation / Description
Manufacturer
S/N: AT01-100AModel / P/N
S/N
Installation
Location **)
Mark where applicable
Describe installation location or enter lever arm from reference datum in [in] (keep algebraic sign of lever arm in mind)
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6 - 13
POH / AFM
Section 6
AQUILA AT01-100A
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
[intentionally left blank]
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
6 - 14
POH / AFM
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
SECTION 7
DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRCRAFT AND ITS SYSTEMS
Page
7.1
INTRODUCTION
7-3
7.2
AIRFRAME
7-3
7.3
FUESELAGE
7-3
7.4
WING
7-3
7.5
EMPENNAGE
7-4
7.6
FLIGHT CONTROLS
7-4
7.6.1
Ailerons
7-4
7.6.2
Elevator and Trim System
7-4
7.6.3
Rudder
7-5
7.6.4
Flaps and Flap Position Indication
7-5
INSTRUMENT PANEL
7-6
7.7.1
Overview Control Panel
7-7
7.7.2
Cabin Heat
7-7
7.7.3
Cabin Ventilation
7-7
7.8
SEATS, SEATBELTS AND HARNESSES
7-8
7.9
BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT
7-8
7.10
CANOPY
7-8
7.11
UNDERCARRIAGE
7-9
7.11.1
Nose Landing Gear and Nose Wheel Steering
7-9
7.11.2
Main Landing Gear and Brake System
7-9
7.11.3
Parking Brake
7-9
7.11.4
Wheel Fairings
7-10
POWER PLANT
7-11
7.7
7.12
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7-1
POH / AFM
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.12.1
Engine
7-11
7.12.2
Propeller
7-11
7.12.3
Throttle and Propeller Control
7-12
7.12.4
Choke
7-13
7.12.5
Carburetor Heat
7-13
FUEL SYSTEM
7-14
7.13.1
Overview
7-14
7.13.2
Fuel Tank
7-15
7.13.3
Fuel Selector / Shut-Off Valve
7-15
7.13.4
Fuel Level Indication
7-16
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
7-17
7.14.1
Power Supply and Battery System
7-17
7.14.2
Ignition System and Starter
7-17
7.14.3
Electrical Equipment and Circuit Breakers
7-19
7.14.4
Voltmeter and Ammeter
7-19
7.14.5
Warning Light ALT 1
7-19
7.14.6
Warning Light FUEL
7-19
7.14.7
Engine Instruments and Fuel Level Indicator
7-20
7.14.8
External Power Unit
7-20
PITOT-STATIC SYSTEM
7-21
Pitot Heat
7-21
7.16
STALL WARNING SYSTEM
7-22
7.17
AVIONICS
7-22
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.15.1
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7-2
7.1
POH / AFM
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
INTRODUCTION
Section 7 of the Pilot's Operating Handbook contains a description of the entire aircraft and its
systems, as well as information related to their use.
Refer to Section 9 for the description and operating instructions of optional equipment and
systems.
7.2
AIRFRAME
The Aquila AT01-100 is a modern single engine two seater in a side-by-side configuration. Due
to its high useful load, roomy cockpit, large baggage compartment, good cruise performance
and light yet incredibly sturdy airframe, the Aquila is not only a great aircraft for longer tours but
also an ideal training platform.
The aircraft is a low wing configuration with a mid mounted horizontal stabilizer.
With the exception of the landing gear, the engine mount, and a few fittings the Aquila AT01100 is built entirely of composite material. Most components are fabricated using glass-fiberreinforced plastic (GFRP), with carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) being employed where
extra strength is required.
7.3
FUSELAGE
The fuselage and the vertical stabilizer are fabricated in two half shells. While the fuselage
portion of the shell is fabricated from solid fiberglass laminate, the vertical stabilizer portion has
a sandwich structure.
On the engine side the firewall, which is made of a GFRP/CFRP sandwich, is covered with a
special fire-resistant ceramic fleece and a stainless steel sheet.
The landing gear frame, together with the seat frame, supports the main landing gear struts.
The frame continues upwards and forms a massive roll cage made from GFRP and CFRP.
7.4
WING
The wing is designed with a triple trapezoid planform and a swept-back leading edge. The wing
is fastened to fuselage from below using 4 bolts.
The wing shells are GFRP/foam sandwich composite constructions and are reinforced locally
by CFRP unidirectional bands.
The fuel tanks are integrated into the leading edge of the wing structure. The 2 fuel tanks, one
on each side, have a volume of approx. 15.8 US gal (60 l) each. The inner surface of the fuel
tank is sealed with a special surface lining to protect the wing structure from damage.
The position lights, ACL (Anti-Collision Light) and the fuel tank vents are integrated into the
winglets.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7-3
7.5
POH / AFM
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
EMPENNAGE
The vertical and horizontal stabilizers, as well as the elevator and rudder are semi-monocoque
sandwich composite constructions. The shells are fabricated from a GFRP sandwich reinforced
by carbon fiber bands.
The horizontal stabilizer assembly is bonded directly to the fuselage and cannot be removed.
7.6
FLIGHT CONTROLS
The flight controls of the Aquila AT01-100 are of conventional design using a control column
and non-adjustable rudder pedals. The elevator and ailerons are controlled via push-pull-rods,
the rudder via cables.
The flaps and the trim system are electrically actuated.
7.6.1 Ailerons
The ailerons are controlled using push-pull-rods.
A bell crank in the middle of the main wing spar sets the differentiation of the ailerons.
Adjustable stops near the control column are used to limit the aileron deflection.
7.6.2 Elevator and Trim System
The elevator is controlled using push-pull-rods.
Adjustable stops near the control column are used to limit the elevator deflection.
The trim system is an electrically actuated spring trim. Even in a situation such as trim runaway,
the aircraft remains controllable, though the stick forces may become somewhat higher. The
trim is controlled by a spring-loaded switch. The trim indicator is located in the middle of the
instrument panel.
The take-off position of the trim is marked on the indicator.
Switch forward:
nose down
Switch aft:
nose up
In addition, the trim system is protected by a resettable circuit breaker.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7-4
POH / AFM
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.6.3 Rudder
The rudder is controlled by the rudder pedals by way of cables running in special guides. The
control surface travel is limited by stops at the lower rudder attachment fitting.
Precise control and good maneuverability during taxiing on the ground is accomplished by
linking the nose wheel steering mechanism directly with the rudder pedals. Differential breaking
may be used to further reduce the turning radius.
The seat can easily be adjusted to allow the pilot to comfortably reach the rudder pedals.
7.6.4 Flaps and Flap Position Indication
The flaps are driven by an electric motor, via a spindle and push-pull-rods.
A three-position selector switch is incorporated in the instrument panel for flap operation. A flap
position indicator is also located on the instrument panel.
In cruise position the upper green light is illuminated (UP)
In take-off position the middle green light is illuminated (T/O)
In landing position the lower green light is illuminated (LDG)
The flap selector switch position corresponds accordingly to the flap position.
Color markings on the flap leading edge offer an additional possibility to visually check the flap
position.
A self locking spindle will maintain a flap position, even in the event on an electrical failure.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7-5
7.7
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
NOTE:
The actual installation may differ
depending on certified changes or
complementary equipment.
INSTRUMENT PANEL AT01-100A (sample)
22
26
23
4
5
2
1
35
3
12
7
6
24
8
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
11
28
29
34
25
9
10
21
30
31
32
33
35
For minimum instrument requirements, refer to Section 2.12 of this manual.
No.
Description
No.
Description
No.
Description
No.
Description
No.
Description
No.
Description
1
Cockpit Clock
7
Altimeter
13
ALT1/BAT
19
Instrument Light
25
Transponder
31
Oil Temp. Indicator
2
Airspeed Indicator
8
Vertical Speed Indicator
14
Fuel Pump
20
P/S Heat (opt.)
26
ELT
32
Ammeter
3
Turn Coordinator
9
Course Dev. Ind. (opt.)
15
Avionics
21
Flap Control Switch
27
Not Occupied
33
Oil Pressure Indicator
4
OAT-Indicator
10
Manifold Press. Indicator
16
Nav-Light
22
Compass
28
Fuel Level Indicator
34
Circuit Breakers
5
Attitude Gyro (ADI)
11
RPM-Indicator (Prop.)
17
ACL
23
Warning Lights
29
Cyl. Head Temp. Indicator
35
Ventilation Nozzle
6
Directional Gyro (HSI)
12
Ignition Switch
18
Landing Light
24
COM/NAV/GPS
30
Voltmeter
Document Nr.:
Issue:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
1
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7-6
21
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.7.1 Overview Control Panel
Controls and displays located on the control panel which is located below the
midsection of the instrument panel, are placed so as to be easily viewed and operated
from both seats.
1
4
2
6
3
5
8
7
9
10
7.7.2 Cabin Heat
The cabin heat control knob, by which the hot-air flap is opened and closed, is located
in the forward section of the control panel.
At the front section of the instrument panel cover the heated air is divided up for
windshield defrosting and cabin heating.
7.7.3
Cabin Ventilation
Two adjustable ventilation nozzles are located on both sides of the instrument panel to
supply fresh air to the cabin. The amount and direction of fresh airflow can be adjusted
individually for each seat by pivot-mounted nozzle outlets. If required, the sliding
windows in the canopy may also be opened for additional ventilation of the cabin.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7-7
7.8
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
SEATS, SEATBELTS AND HARNESSES
The seats of the AQUILA AT01-100 are fabricated from composite materials and are
equipped with integrated head rests and removable, energy-absorbing seat cushions.
An oil/gas spring strut with locking mechanism holds the seat in the adjusted position.
To adjust the seating position, the spring strut must be unlocked by pushing a handle
located by your thigh.
Both seats are equipped with four-part seat belts with a central rotary buckle. The
shoulder harnesses are connected to inertial reels.
To fasten the seat belts, put each belt fitting successively into the associated
receptacles of the rotary buckle until a distinctive “snap” sound is heard. The seat belts
can be released by turning the handle of the rotary buckle clockwise.
7.9
BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT
The AQUILA AT01-100 incorporates a large baggage compartment behind the seats
which can be loaded through a lockable baggage door. The baggage compartment is
also accessible through the cabin.
The maximum permissible load in the baggage compartment is 88 lbs (40 kg). The
weight and centre of gravity limits of the aircraft (refer to Section 6 of this handbook)
must be observed when loading. The baggage door must be locked during flight.
Tie-down rings for straps are provided on the floor panels of the baggage compartment
to strap down baggage and other payload. Suitable tie-down straps may be purchased
from the aircraft manufacturer. For small or loose articles, a baggage net is
recommended, which is also available for purchase.
7.10 CANOPY
The large canopy of the AQUILA AT01-100 offers an excellent all around view and
allows unrestricted access to the cabin. Small sliding windows on both sides of the
canopy serve as emergency view windows and can be used for additional cabin
ventilation. The canopy is operated by a hand lever located on the left hand side of
canopy frame. A gas spring strut adds support while opening the canopy.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7-8
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.11 LANDING GEAR
The landing gear consists of a steerable nose gear that is equipped with a shock
absorber and a main landing gear. To provide precise control of the aircraft while taxiing
on the ground, the nose gear strut is linked directly to the rudder pedals. The main gear
struts are made of spring steel to absorb the touch-down loads during landing.
Hydraulically actuated disc brakes are provided on the main landing gear.
Because of the robust landing gear and the 5.00 x 5 wheels on the nose and main
wheels the AQUILA AT01-100 can be easily operated from a grass surface.
The aircraft can be operated with full size wheel pants or, for soft field operation, mud
guards.
7.11.1 Nose Landing Gear and Nose Wheel Steering
The direct linkage between nose wheel and rudder pedals minimizes brake wear.
Good shock absorption and suspension characteristics are provided by a shock
absorber made of stacked rubber springs located in the nose wheel fork.
The direct linkage between the nose wheel steering and rudder operation allows swift
taxiing, precise taxi maneuvers and small turn radii, also in crosswind conditions without
excessive braking.
Differential breaking may be used to reduce the turning radius even further.
7.11.2 Main Landing Gear and Brake System
The main landing gear consists of two cantilever struts which act as leaf-springs to
absorb the touch-down loads.
The main wheels are equipped with hydraulically actuated disc brakes. The brakes are
activated individually on each side by tilting the corresponding rudder pedal in the
cockpit forward with the toe. Due to separate brake circuits, the left and right wheel
brakes can be actuated individually.
7.11.3 Parking Brake
The parking brake lever is located in the central control panel. Actuating the parking
brake locks the main wheel brakes.
To set the parking brake, the wheel brakes are applied simultaneously with the rudder
pedals and, when the desired brake pressure is achieved, the control lever is pulled into
the locked position.
To release the parking brake, push the parking brake lever all the way forward.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7-9
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.11.4 Wheel Fairings
It is important that no dirt or snow accumulate underneath the wheel pants. For this
reason the Aquila AT01-100 can be operated with either full wheel pants (high-speed),
with mud guards (soft-field), or without any wheel fairings. The aircraft can also be flown
with a combination of wheel fairings, as long as the left and right main wheels have the
same fairing.
NOTE
Flying without any kind of wheel fairing increases the chance of damage due to stones
which, in turn, may lead to extensive, unscheduled maintenance work.
NOTE
Flying without any wheel fairings or with mud guards reduces performance up to 10%.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 10
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.12 POWER PLANT
7.12.1 Engine
The ROTAX 912S is a 4 cylinder, 4 stroke horizontally opposed engine with liquidcooled cylinder heads and air-cooled cylinder barrels. It has brushless magnetos, 2
carburetors, a mechanical fuel pump, a reduction drive, an integrated alternator (ALT2),
an alternator (ALT1) and an attachment for a hydraulic constant speed propeller.
Reduction ratio of internal gearbox:
Displacement:
max. takeoff power (5 min.):
at max. takeoff propeller speed:
max. continuous power:
at max. continuous propeller speed:
2.43 : 1
82.5 in³
98.6 BHP
2385 RPM
92.5 BHP
2260 RPM
(1352 cm³)
(73.5 kW)
(69.0 kW)
Other information can be found in the engine handbook.
7.12.2 Propeller
A two-blade, hydraulically controlled variable pitch propeller (constant speed propeller)
of wood-composite-hybrid construction.
Manufacturer:
Type:
Diameter:
mt-Propeller
MTV-21-A/170-05
66.9 in
(170 cm)
The propeller blades are wrapped in composite material and protected along the leading
edge by a stainless steel sheath. Near the blade root, the propeller is protected
additionally by a thick plastic film.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 11
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.12.3 Throttle and Propeller Control
The black throttle lever and the blue propeller control lever are located on the central
control panel.
The throttle controls the manifold pressure (MP):
Throttle forward:
Throttle aft:
Full throttle (high MP)
Idle (low MP)
The propeller control lever controls the pitch of the propeller blades:
Propeller control lever forward:
Propeller control lever aft:
Low pitch (high RPM)
High pitch (low RPM)
To obtain maximum engine power (max. manifold pressure), place both the throttle and
the propeller control levers in their full forward positions.
During climb and cruise, the manifold pressure (throttle position) and the propeller pitch
(propeller control lever position) are normally matched to each other. Refer to Section 5
of this manual and to ROTAX® 912S Operator’s Manual for more information.
During the final approach for landing, the low pitch setting of the propeller is used to
increase the propeller drag at low power settings and to have full climb power available
in case of a missed approach (throttle aft and propeller control lever forward).
The adjustment of the propeller blade pitch is accomplished by a hydraulically operated
propeller governor that increases the pitch against a spring load. The oil-hydraulic
governor keeps the preselected propeller speed at a constant value regardless of
manifold pressure and airspeed (constant-speed control). In the case of oil pressure
loss, the blades will be automatically set into lowest pitch position. This ensures the
further availability of full power.
CAUTION
In the case of governor loss, the propeller behaves like a non-adjustable propeller.
Manifold pressure is set to ensure that max. permissible RPM is not exceeded.
The propeller does not have a feathered position.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 12
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.12.4 Choke
The choke control knob is located on the control panel to the right of the carburetor heat
and cabin heat controls.
The choke may only be used for a short time when starting the engine in cold
conditions. The throttle must remain in Idle. The choke knob is spring-loaded and
returns to the OFF position when released.
7.12.5 Carburetor Heat
The carburetor heat push-pull type control element is located on the control panel to the
left of the choke and cabin heat.
The correct use of carburetor heat prevents the formation of carburetor ice that can
cause the engine to run rough and, in the worst case, complete engine failure. If
carburetor icing is encountered, it is usually possible to slowly melt the ice by activating
the carburetor heat while maintaining the same power setting.
A carburetor temperature gauge with a caution zone marked is available from the
manufacturer as optional equipment.
The functionality of the carburetor heat should be tested before every flight.
NOTE
Carburetor heat reduces engine power and must be used in accordance with standard
rules and procedures.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 13
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.13 FUEL SYSTEM
7.13.1 Overview
right wing
right
wingtank
tank
leftwing
wing tank
tank
left
Fuel supply line
Fuel return line
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
15
Fuel Vent
Drain valve
Coarse fuel filter element
Fuel strainer
Electrical fuel pump
Fuel selector/shut-off valve
Engine-driven mechanical fuel pump
Fuel distributor on engine side
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Carburetor
Fuel pressure warning light
Dual fuel level indicator
Fuel filler cap
Firewall
Engine
Fuel level probe
Fuel System Schematic
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 14
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.13.2 Fuel Tank
Each wing is equipped with an integral fuel tank. The fuel line of each tank is equipped
with a removable coarse fuel filter. The fuel filler caps can be locked.
A drain valve is located at the lowest point of each fuel tank. Another drain valve is
located at the firewall. All drain valves can be easily operated.
A drainage cup is located on the inside of the baggage compartment door.
Fuel is supplied to the engine by a mechanical fuel pump build into the engine. The
mechanical fuel pump has an integrated fuel strainer. When needed, an electrical fuel
pump can also be switched on.
The electrical fuel pump is controlled by a switch on the instrument panel labeled Fuel
Pump. The electrical fuel pump must be turned on during take-off and landing, when
low fuel pressure is suspected or during critical phases of flight.
Too low fuel pressure (below 2.2 PSI/0.15 bar) is detected by a pressure probe and a
red warning light illuminates in the cockpit. When the fuel pressure is low, the electrical
fuel pump must be turned on.
NOTE
When flying near the ground, such as during take-off and landing or when low fuel
pressure is indicated, the electrical fuel pump must be turned on
The fuel tanks are vented via a vent line outlet located in the winglets.
7.13.3 Fuel Selector / Shut-Off Valve
The fuel selector is conveniently mounted on the control panel in full view of the pilots.
The red, arrow-shaped selector handle has a LEFT, RIGHT, and OFF-position. Each
position is notched and has a self-centering mechanism using a spring-loaded pin. The
selector handle points to the chosen position.
In both normal operating positions (LEFT/RIGHT), the fuel supply and corresponding
return line of the selected fuel tank are opened. The fuel supply and return line of the
other fuel tank are closed.
It is recommended to keep both tanks at approximately the same fuel level.
NOTE
Recommendation: Fuel tanks should be switched at least every 60 minutes.
When the fuel selector valve is in the OFF position, the fuel flow in the supply and return
lines is interrupted and functions as a fuel shut-off valve.
To switch the valve into the OFF-position, the knob located at the top of the handle must
be PULLED while simultaneously turning the handle clockwise into the OFF-position.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 15
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.13.4 Fuel Level Indication
A floating sensor which is easy to maintain supplied information concerning fuel levels
which are then displayed on the fuel indicator. The floating gauge is located above the
fuel supply; therefore fuel indication depends on the flight attitude. All filling levels above
¾ will be indicated as FULL due to the dihedral angle.
Additionally, a dipstick to visually verify the fuel level is delivered with the aircraft. With
the aircraft horizontal, the dip-stick is inserted straight into the fuel tank so that the
handle of the dipstick lays flat with the upper surface of the wing.
After pulling the dipstick out of the fuel tank, the fuel level can be determined by the
“wetted” area of the dipstick. This can then be compared with the electrical fuel level
indication on the instrument in the cockpit.
The dip-stick must always be carried with the aircraft. It is stowed on the inboard side of
the baggage compartment door.
CAUTION
The fuel level indication in the cockpit must be verified with the fuel dipstick daily. For
this purpose level the aircraft out as much as possible.
The dipstick has markings showing ½ and ¾ of the maximum fuel tank content.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 16
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.14 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
The AT01-100 is equipped with a 12 V direct current (DC) electrical system that is
powered by an engine-driven alternator and a battery. When the ALT1 / BAT switch is
engaged, the electrical equipment can be operated and controlled by rocker switches
located on the lower left section of the instrument panel. All electrical circuits are
protected by circuit breakers that are accessibly arranged on the right hand section of
the instrument panel.
The engine ignition systems are independent of the aircraft power supply system.
7.14.1 Power Supply and Battery System
The 12 V lead-acid battery (capacity depending on type installed) is connected to the
electrical system of the aircraft via a 50-amp circuit breaker and the ALT1 / BAT switch.
With the engine operating, the battery is charged by a 40-amp alternator that is
equipped with an internal regulator and protected by the 50-amp alternator (ALT1)
circuit breaker. The alternator is air-cooled and driven by a V-belt drive geared down
from the propeller shaft.
If the alternator regulator fails, the red alternator warning light ALT1 located in the upper
mid-section of the panel will illuminate.
The charging current of the battery and the voltage level is monitored by the ammeter
and voltmeter. In an emergency, the battery is able to supply all essential electrical
equipment for at least half an hour, provided that the battery is correctly maintained and
in a good condition
7.14.2 Ignition System and Starter
The engine is equipped with 2 electronically controlled ignition systems that have two
independent ignition circuits. The ignition system is activated by the ignition switch. An
internal control unit interrupts the ignition if the propeller speed drops below 100 RPM.
With the ignition key in the R or L position, an ignition circuit is deactivated. In the BOTH
position, both ignition circuits are active. When the key is turned to the START position,
the starter motor is activated. When the key is released it returns to the BOTH position
and the starter is disengaged.
Further information for engine operation and pre-flight checks are contained in the
Operator’s Manual for all versions of ROTAX® 912 engines.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 17
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
ALT1 - Excitation
ALT1
Fuel Pressure Sensor
Excitation
ALT1
ALT1
Chronograph (opt.)
P
ALT1
Pitot Heat
FUEL
Warning Lights
opt.
BAT
Battery Relay
ALT2
ALT2
NVFR
(optional)
Voltage Monitoring
Module <12.5V >15.5V
ALT2
Regulator
Voltage
Monitoring
VOLT
BAT
Starter Position
of Ignition Switch
Ammeter
Starter Relay
Starter
Starter Relay
Fuel Pump
Fuel Pump
Legend
Flap Position Switch
Flap Control
Safety Fuse
Flap
Position
Indicator
Trim
Indicator
Flap
Actuator
Circuit Breaker
(Pop Out Type)
Trim
Actuator
Circuit Breaker
(Toggle Switch Type)
P
Flap Actuator
Manometric Switch
Trim Control
Trim Actuator
P
Switch
Stall Warning
Stall Warning
Engine
Hourmeter
ELT Control
Tachometer
Instruments 1
ELT
Engine
Oil Temp.
Oil Press.
Voltmeter
Instruments 2
GPS
CHT Sensor
OAT Sensor
CHT (OAT)
Fuel
Gauge
88°C
GPS (opt.)
COM 1
COM 1
COM 2
COM 2 (opt.)
Fuel Senor R
Fuel Gauge
Fuel Sensor L
Anti-Collision Lights
ACL
Blind Encoder
Panel Light
Panel
Light
Instrument
Lights
Intercom
Intercom
Landing Light
Landing Light
NVFR
(optional)
ANR
NAV Lights
NAV Lights
Blind Encoder
NAV / GPS 1
NAV / GPS 1 (opt.)
NAV / GPS 2
NAV / GPS 2 (opt.)
Instrument Lights
Dome Light
Dome Light
TXP
Transponder
Avionics
Avionic Blower (opt.)
Timer
12V
Receptacle (opt.)
12V DC Receptacle
Avionic
Blower
Warning
Lights
Timer (opt.)
Traffic
Monitor
Traffic Monitor (opt.)
Directional Gyro
MFD (opt.)
MFD
Attitude Indicator
P/S
Heat
Turn Coordinator
P/S Heat
Control Box
P/S Heat
(optional)
Heated Pitot-Static
Tube (opt.)
Fig.: Electrical System Schematic
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 18
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.14.3 Electrical Equipment and Circuit Breakers
All electrical equipment can be turned on or off by push-pull type circuit breakers or by
rocker switches with built-in circuit breaker function.
COM/NAV-equipment along with other avionic equipment is supplied with electrical
power through the Avionics switch. Additionally, the avionic equipment is protected by
separate circuit breakers.
Equipment regularly used in flight (fuel pump, ACL, etc.) are controlled by their own
rocker switches with built-in circuit breaker function.
7.14.4
Voltmeter and Amperemeter
The voltmeter shows the system voltage generated by the power sources. The scale on
the voltmeter is divided into three different colored voltage ranges:
Red Arc
Red-green cross-hatched Arc
Green Arc
Red line
8-11.0
11-12
12-15
15-16
Volts
Volts
Volts
Volts
The amperemeter shows the current flowing between the battery and the electrical
system of the aircraft. When the battery is being charged, the amperemeter is in the (+)
range. When the battery is discharging the amperemeter is in the (-) range, which
means that the battery is supplying the electrical system of the aircraft. During normal
operation, this is a sign of an alternator malfunction.
7.14.5
Warning Light ALT 1
The red alternator warning light ALT1 should not illuminate during normal operation.
The warning light illuminates only if:

An alternator failure (ALT1 produces no current) occurs
In this case the electrical power is supplied solely by the battery.
The ignition system of the engine is independent of the external alternator and is
therefore unaffected.
7.14.6
Warning Light FUEL
If the fuel pressure at the fuel distributor ahead of the carburetors drops below 2.2 PSI
(0.15 bar), a pressure-controlled switch activates the red warning light FUEL located in
the upper mid-section of the instrument panel.
Probable causes may be:
- insufficient fuel supply;
- vapor lock in the fuel system.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 19
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.14.7 Engine Instruments and Fuel Level Indicator
Cylinder head temperature, oil temperature and oil pressure are displayed on analogue
instruments located on the right side of the instrument panel.
7.14.8 External Power Unit (optional)
It is recommended to use an External Power Unit (EPU) for engine start-up at outside
air temperatures below –10° C. The EPU receptacle is optional and is mounted on the
right fuselage side below the battery. Access is provided by a service door in the lower
cowling.
Electrical power for the engine starter and the electrical buses is provided by a three
poled plug (MIL standard) protected from reverse polarity by a relay circuit. A second
relay disconnects the on-board battery as long as the external power source is
connected to the aircraft. This second relay prevents an uncontrolled charging or
discharging of the battery during the EPU operation.
WARNING
Before starting the engine with external power, make sure that NO persons or objects
are in the vicinity of the propeller disk.
Procedure for starting up the engine with an external power source:
 Plug in and switch on the external power
 ALT1 / BAT switch ON
 Start-up engine
(in accordance with section 4.5.2 “Engine Start-up”)
 Disconnect external power source
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 20
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.15 PITOT-STATIC SYSTEM
A pitot-static tube is installed on the lower surface of the left wing which, via two
separate connections, supplies total pressure and static pressure (from 6 vents
distributed on the diameter). Total pressure and static pressure lines travel through the
interior of the wing to the wing root where they are connected to water separators. The
pressure lines have connections installed at the wing root to simplify disassembly of the
wing.
Error in the static system can be neglected for altitude measurement. An airspeed
calibration chart is provided in Section 5 of this manual.
NOTE
When the aircraft is parked the pitot static tube should be covered with the supplied pitot
tube cover to protect it from dirt and other contamination. The cover is attached to a
large “Remove Before Flight” ribbon.
7.15.1 Pitot Heat (optional)
On request, a heated pitot-static tube can be installed. The heater is turned on using the
P/S Heat switch.
The size and location of the heated pitot static tube are identical to the unheated
version. Temperature is controlled automatically.
Function:
The P/S HEAT warning light illuminates when:
 P/S Heat switch OFF or
 Pitot heat is defective
CAUTION
This aircraft is not certified for flight into icing conditions, even if a heated pitot-static
tube is installed.
Switch P/S Heat OFF when OAT exceeds + 59° F (+15° C).
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 21
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100A
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.16 STALL WARNING SYSTEM
The stall warning system causes a loud buzzing sound at least 5 kts before the stall is
reached in all flap settings.
As the aircraft approaches a stalled condition, a switch on the wing leading edge is
activated due to a change in airflow as the angle-of-attack increases. The switch
generates a loud buzzing sound as long as this condition is maintained.
NOTE
The stall warning system (a small metal plate on the leading edge) is delicate and must
be handled with care.
7.17 AVIONICS
Depending on the installed optional avionic equipment, a NAV/COM transceiver, a
transponder or a multi-functional display may be located in the centre section of the
instrument panel. Detailed information on the operation of this equipment and
descriptions of their systems are provided in the POH Supplements in Section 9.
The COM transmitter is activated by a push-to-talk button, integrated into each control
column. The microphone and headphone jacks are located in the rear section of the
centre pedestal between the seats.
Operating instructions for COM/NAV equipment are supplied in Section 9.
.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
7 - 22
POH / AFM
Section 8
AQUILA AT01-100A
HANDLING & MAINTENANCE
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE & MAINTENANCE
Page
8.1
INTRODUCTION
8-2
8.2
AIRCRAFT INSPECTION PERIODS
8-2
8.3
MODIFICATIONS AND REPAIRS
8-2
8.4
GROUND HANDLING
8-3
8.4.1
Towing
8-3
8.4.2
Parking
8-3
8.4.3
Tie-Down
8-4
8.4.4
Jacking
8-4
CLEANING AND CARE
8-5
8.5.1
Painted Surfaces
8-5
8.5.2
Canopy
8-7
8.5.3
Propeller
8-7
8.5.4
Engine
8-8
8.5.5
Interior Cleaning
8-8
8.5
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
8-1
8.1
POH / AFM
Section 8
AQUILA AT01-100A
HANDLING & MAINTENANCE
INTRODUCTION
Section 8 contains factory recommended procedures for correct ground handling as well as
information regarding care and servicing of the AQUILA AT01. Furthermore, it includes
requirements which must be adhered to during inspection as well as during maintenance and
when modifications and repairs are carried out.
8.2
AIRCRAFT INSPECTION PERIODS
The required inspection items are listed and described in the AQUILA AT01 Maintenance
Manual (Document number MM-AT01-1020-110), the Operation Manual of the ROTAX® type
912 engine series and the mt-propeller Operation and Installation Manual.
CAUTION
If the engine is operated extensively on AVGAS 100LL (more than 30 hrs within 100 hrs) the
interval between oil changes shall be reduced to 50 hrs.
8.3
MODIFICATIONS AND REPAIRS
Changes to the aircraft are only permissible with the approval of the EASA or the appropriate
National Aviation Authority to ensure that the airworthiness of the aircraft is not adversely
affected.
All maintenance and repair work must be accomplished in accordance with the instructions
contained in the current issue of the AQUILA AT01 Maintenance Manual.
Prior to major repairs and in situations where the cause of damage to the aircraft is unknown,
the aircraft manufacturer or TC holder should be contacted.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
8-2
8.4
POH / AFM
Section 8
AQUILA AT01-100A
HANDLING & MAINTENANCE
GROUND HANDLING
8.4.1 Towing
8.4.1.1 Moving forwards
The aircraft can be safely moved and controlled by one person on a smooth and level surface
with the tow bar attached to the nose wheel.
CAUTION
The tow bar should always be removed from the aircraft when it is parked.
8.4.1.2 Moving backwards
The aircraft should be pushed backwards using the tow bar. If needed, it is possible to push on
the propeller near the blade root. It is also possible to push on the leading edge of the wing
near the fuselage.
8.4.1.3 Turning the aircraft on the ground
To turn tightly, push down on the fuselage in front of the vertical stabilizer to raise the nose
wheel off the ground. Now the aircraft can be pivoted around the main landing gear.
CAUTION
1) Never push, pull or lift on the horizontal stabilizer or the spinner!
2) Never push or lift the control surfaces and flaps!
8.4.2 Parking
For short-term parking, align the aircraft into the wind, retract the flaps, set the parking brakes
and chock the main wheels.
When parking the aircraft outside for longer periods or in unforeseeable weather conditions, the
aircraft should be tied down as described in section 8.4.3.
Furthermore, cover the pitot-static tube and the stall warning, close the canopy, use a canopy
cover and cap the openings in the cowling. To avoid damage to the aircraft and its control
surfaces due to gusts or strong winds, secure the control column by pulling it to the control stop
and securing it with the waist belt and tightening the straps.
It is, none the less, always recommended to hanger the aircraft.
CAUTION
Temperatures higher than 50°C in the cockpit may damage avionics and instruments. When
parked in the sun, use a canopy cover to keep the cockpit cool.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
8-3
POH / AFM
Section 8
AQUILA AT01-100A
HANDLING & MAINTENANCE
8.4.3 Tie-Down
The aircraft has three tie-down points; two are located on the lower surface of the wings in the
outboard section (fitted with M 8 threads) and the third is located on the lower fin. The tie-down
points are marked by red circles.
It is recommended to always carry the eye-bolts delivered with the aircraft and suitable tiedown ropes in the aircraft. The tie-down points should be covered with tape while flying to keep
them clean.
8.4.4 Jacking
Two conical jacking points are located on the lower surface of the wing, at the wing root ribs.
Both of these jacking points are marked with a red ring. The tail of the aircraft can be supported
on the skid plate under the vertical stabilizer. A tail stand may be placed under the skid plate
and attached to the tail tie-down point with a fastener.
The nose wheel may be lifted off the ground for maintenance or inspection by weighing the tail
down. The weight is best attached at the tail tie-down point.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
8-4
POH / AFM
Section 8
AQUILA AT01-100A
HANDLING & MAINTENANCE
8.5 CLEANING AND CARE
CAUTION
Any contamination on the surface of the aircraft deteriorates flight performance and handling
qualities.
The stall warning (metal plate on the wing leading edge) is sensitive to excessive amounts of
water. Care should be taken when washing the wings near the stall warning.
8.5.1 Painted Surfaces
To maintain the excellent flight performance and handling qualities of the AQUILA AT01 the
aircraft must be kept clean and free of damage. Therefore it is recommended to regularly clean
the aircraft, paying close attention to the leading edges of the wings and stabilizers.
8.5.1.1 Washing
The aircraft should be washed regularly, using plenty of water, a clean sponge and chamois
leather. Severe contamination and dirt, especially insects, should be washed off immediately
after every flight, as it is more difficult to remove them when dried.
Only use a mild detergent in cases where the dirt proves very hard to remove. Care should be
taken because even a mild detergent will gradually wash away the protective wax coating.
Oil or grease can be removed using a cloth moistened with petroleum. Commercially available
aircraft cleaning agents may also be used if they are grease-soluble.
8.5.1.2 Preservation
The aircraft exterior surface is protected with a durable and resistant automotive finish. To
retain its protective characteristics, minor damages to the paint should be repaired as soon as
practical and the exterior surface of the aircraft waxed one to three times per year using a good
silicone-free automotive hard wax.
CAUTION
Only silicone-free cleaning and polishing agents may be used.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
8-5
POH / AFM
Section 8
AQUILA AT01-100A
HANDLING & MAINTENANCE
8.5.2 Canopy
Since acrylic glass can be easily scratched, the same principles apply as for cleaning painted
surfaces. The canopy should be cleaned using plenty of water, a soft clean sponge and
chamois leather.
Special, commercially available, acrylic glass cleaners can be used to tackle stubborn
contamination and dirt. Never use solvents or thinner to clean the canopy glass.
Minor scratches may be polished using special acrylic glass polishing pastes that are
commercially available. Always follow the manufacturer’s instruction to ensure the desired
results.
The inside of the canopy may be treated in the same way.
8.5.3 Propeller
Refer to current issue of the Operating and Installation Manual, E-124, from mt-propeller.
8.5.4 Engine
Refer to current issue of the Operator’s Manual for the ROTAX® 912s series engine.
8.5.5 Interior Cleaning
Dust and dirt in the interior of the aircraft should be removed using a vacuum cleaner. Prior to
cleaning, loose objects and foreign objects should be removed or properly stowed.
The floor carpets may be removed for cleaning. They can be cleaned in the same manner as
house-hold carpets or they may be professionally cleaned.
Use a lint-free, moist cloth to clean plastic surfaces such as the instrument panel cover.
The instruments may be cleaned with a dry and soft cloth.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.02
28.05.2013
15.10.2013
8-6
POH / AFM
Section 9
AQUILA AT01-100A
SUPPLEMENTS
SECTION 9
SUPPLEMENTS
Page
9.1
9.1
INTRODUCTION
9-1
9.2
INDEX OF SUPPLEMENTS
9-2
INTRODUCTION
In this section, all equipment that is optionally installed in your aircraft is described by the POHSupplements. Each supplement describes a complete modification or a piece of installed
equipment. Only the supplements that apply to the configuration of your aircraft must be
contained in this section.
Section 9.2 “Index of Supplements” lists all existing approved supplements for the AQUILA
AT01. This table may be also used as a directory for this section, adapted to your aircraft.
If modifications requiring an STC have been conducted on your aircraft at a Maintenance
Organization other than AQUILA Aviation, it is the owner’s responsibility to ensure that the
appropriate supplements are included in this manual and properly recorded in the index of
supplements in section 9.2.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.03
A.02 (15.10.2013)
08.04.2014
9–1
9.2
POH / AFM
Section 9
AQUILA AT01-100A
SUPPLEMENTS
INDEX OF SUPPLEMENTS
Registration:
S/N:
Supplement No.
AT01- 100AInstalled
Title
variable
AS-00
Winter Operation
AS-01
Night VFR (AT01-100A)
AS-02
ASPEN MFD
AS-03*
ASPEN PFD
AS-04
FLYMAP
AS-05
Night VFR (AT01-100B)
AS-06
Night VFR (AT01-100C)
AS-07
Garmin SL 40
AS-08
Garmin GTX 330 / 328
AS-09*
Garmin GTN 650
AS-10*
Garmin GMA 350
AS-11
ELT – Kannad 406
AS-12
Garrecht TRX 1500
AS-13
Garrecht TRX 2000
AS-14
Trig TT22
AS-15
Garmin SL 30
AS-16
ADF – KR 87
AS-17*
Garmin GTR 225/225A/225B
AS-18*
Garmin GNC 255A/255B
AS-19
Garmin GMA 340
AS-20*
Garmin GNS 430W
NOTE
For the devices listed above and marked with an *, it is possible to perform a software update.
These will be released on our website (www.aquila-aviation.de) by an appropriate SI
(Service Information).
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-101
A.03
A.02 (15.10.2013)
08.04.2014
9–2