Allied Telesis AT 9924T AT-9924T-40 AT-9924T-40 Specifications

AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Switches
Hardware Reference
AT-8948
AT-9924T
AT-9924SP
AT-9924T/4SP
AT-9924Ts
Hardware Reference for AT-8900, AT-9900 and AT-9900s Series Switches
Document Number C613-03092-00 REV C
© 2003-2005 Allied Telesyn Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn Inc.
Allied Telesyn Inc. reserves the right to change specifications and other information in
this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject
to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn Inc. be liable for any
incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not
limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information
contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have
known, the possibility of such damages.
All company names, logos, and product designs that are trademarks or registered
trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Hardware Reference
1
Contents
Models Covered by this Document .................................................................... 3
Why You Should Read This Document .............................................................. 3
Hardware Overview .......................................................................................... 4
Dimensions ................................................................................................ 4
Mounting system ....................................................................................... 4
Asynchronous serial port ............................................................................ 4
AT-8900 Series Switch ................................................................................ 5
Environmental conditions ..................................................................... 5
Regulatory standards ........................................................................... 5
Switching core ..................................................................................... 5
Processing core .................................................................................... 5
Optional IPv6 accelerator card ............................................................. 5
AT-8948 model .................................................................................... 6
AT-9900 Series Switch ................................................................................ 7
Environmental conditions ..................................................................... 7
Regulatory standards ........................................................................... 7
Switching core ..................................................................................... 7
Processing core .................................................................................... 7
Network processor accelerator card ..................................................... 7
AT-9924T/4SP model ............................................................................ 8
AT-9924T model .................................................................................. 8
AT-9924SP model ................................................................................. 8
AT-9900s Series Switch ............................................................................... 9
Environmental conditions ..................................................................... 9
Regulatory standards ........................................................................... 9
Switching core ..................................................................................... 9
Processing core .................................................................................... 9
AT-9924Ts model ................................................................................. 9
Switch LEDs .................................................................................................... 10
SFP port LEDs ........................................................................................... 10
RJ-45 port LEDs ........................................................................................ 10
Ethernet port LEDs ................................................................................... 11
System LEDs ............................................................................................. 11
Using Online Documentation .......................................................................... 12
Using AT-TFTP Server ....................................................................................... 13
Using Windows Terminal and HyperTerminal ................................................... 14
How the Switch Starts Up ............................................................................... 17
AT-8900 and AT-9900 Switches ................................................................ 17
Process flow ....................................................................................... 17
Overrides ........................................................................................... 17
Regular output .................................................................................. 18
Types of messages ............................................................................. 18
AlliedWare messages ......................................................................... 18
AT-9900s Switches ................................................................................... 20
Process flow ....................................................................................... 20
Overrides ........................................................................................... 20
Regular output .................................................................................. 21
Fallback output .................................................................................. 21
Bootloader messages ......................................................................... 22
AlliedWare messages ......................................................................... 23
SFP Ports ......................................................................................................... 26
Approved SFP transceivers ........................................................................ 26
Types of SFP transceivers ........................................................................... 26
To insert or remove an SFP transceiver ...................................................... 27
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AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Management Ports .........................................................................................
RS-232 Terminal Port (ASYN0) ..................................................................
Out-of-Band Ethernet Management Port ..................................................
Cables ............................................................................................................
RS-232 Terminal and Modem Cables ........................................................
RJ-45 to DB9 female terminal cable ....................................................
RJ-45 to DB9 male modem cable .......................................................
Cables for RJ-45 Ethernet LAN Interfaces ..................................................
Pin assignments .................................................................................
1000BASE straight-through cable ......................................................
1000BASE crossover cable .................................................................
Cable Guidelines ......................................................................................
Troubleshooting Cables ............................................................................
Cable test ..........................................................................................
Cable lengths ....................................................................................
Power Supply Units (PSUs) ..............................................................................
Hardware overview ..................................................................................
Approved PSUs and FOM .........................................................................
LEDs on the PSU and FOM ........................................................................
IPv6 Accelerator Card ......................................................................................
How the card works .................................................................................
Verifying installation .................................................................................
Displaying information about the card ......................................................
Memory Options .............................................................................................
CompactFlash Card ..................................................................................
Approved CFlash cards .......................................................................
Inserting and removing a CFlash card .................................................
Displaying data about a CFlash card ...................................................
Testing a CFlash card ..........................................................................
Dual In-line Memory Module (DIMM) .......................................................
AT-9924T and AT-9924SP switches ....................................................
AT-9924T/4SP switch ..........................................................................
AT-9924Ts switch ...............................................................................
Verifying DIMM installation ................................................................
Expansion Options ..........................................................................................
SFP ports ..................................................................................................
XFP ports ..................................................................................................
RJ-45 ports ...............................................................................................
Test Facility .....................................................................................................
Testing Ethernet LAN Ports .......................................................................
Diagnostics .....................................................................................................
Enabling diagnostics mode .......................................................................
Running a diagnostic program ..................................................................
Troubleshooting ..............................................................................................
What to check first ...................................................................................
L/A LED on a port is off ............................................................................
Power LED is off .......................................................................................
Fault LED is on ..........................................................................................
Additional resources .................................................................................
For More Information ......................................................................................
Document sets .........................................................................................
Contacting us ...........................................................................................
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Hardware Reference
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Models Covered by this Document
This Hardware Reference includes information on these models:
■
AT-8948
■
AT-9924T/4SP
■
AT-9924T
■
AT-9924SP
■
AT-9924Ts
■
AT-PWR01 (either AC or DC power supply unit)
■
AT-PWR02 (AC power supply unit only)
■
AT-FAN01 (fan-only module)
Why You Should Read This Document
Use this document to familiarise yourself with the AT-8900, AT-9900, and
AT-9900s Series switches and hardware features, including power supply units
(PSUs). This reference can also help you with installation and maintenance.
However, refer to the Software Reference for information about software
configuration and installation procedures.
Keep this document or the CD-ROM in a safe place; it will be helpful if you
purchase expansion options for the switch.
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AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Hardware Overview
This section provides details about the physical characteristics of the following:
■
AT-8900 Series Switch
•
■
■
AT-8948 model
AT-9900 Series Switch
•
AT-9924T/4SP model
•
AT-9924T model
•
AT-9924SP model
AT-9900s Series Switch
•
AT-9924Ts model
The AT-8900, AT-9900, and AT-9900s Series switches have the following
common traits:
Dimensions
■
Height: 44.5 mm, plus 5.1mm if the rubber feet are used
■
Width: 440mm, excluding rack-mounting brackets
■
Depth: 440 mm, excluding PSU handles
■
Weight: Not more than 8.5 kg, which includes one power supply unit
(PSU) and one fan-only module (FOM)
Mounting system
■
1U rack mounting; 19-inch rack-mount kit as standard
Asynchronous
serial port
■
Up to 115kbps
■
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART)
■
Standard RJ-45 connector
■
Hardware-flow control
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Hardware Reference
5
AT-8900 Series Switch
The AT-8948 switch is the sole model in the AT-8900 Series and meets the
exceptionally high performance demands of high-end applications. It delivers
wire-speed switching performance in a robust 1U rack mount platform.
Environmental
conditions
Regulatory
standards
Switching core
Processing core
Optional IPv6
accelerator card
Software Release 3.0.2
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■
Operating temperature range: 0ºC to 50º C (32 to 122ºF)
■
Storage temperature range: -25ºC to 70ºC (-13 to 158ºF)
■
Relative humidity range for operation: 5 to 80% non-condensing
■
Relative humidity range for storage: 5 to 95% non-condensing
■
Operational altitude: 3,050 metres maximum (10,000 feet)
■
EMC: EN55022 class A, FCC class A, and VCCI class A
■
Immunity: EN55024, EN61000-3 levels 2 (Harmonics), and 3 (Flicker)—
AC models only
■
Safety: UL60950-1, CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1-03, EN60950,
AS/NZS60950, and EN60825-1
■
Certification: UL, cUL, and TUV
■
Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) switch chip
■
Non-blocking Layer 2 and Layer 3 IP switching
■
256 K IPv4 address table
■
4K multicast table
■
4K logical Layer 3 interfaces
■
Shared 32 Mbyte DDR-SDRAM packet buffer
■
350 MHz RISC Processor
■
128 MBytes of Synchronous DRAM, expandable to 256 MBytes or
512 MBytes with DIMM
■
32MBytes of fixed flash
■
CompactFlash slot for hot-swappable expansion of flash memory up to
128 MBytes
■
512 kBytes of SRAM
■
32/66 PCI bus for 32-bit/33MHz
■
Silicon ID chip storing serial number, board ID, and MAC address
■
Slot for network processor accelerator card that provides accelerated IPv6
unicast and multicast routing in hardware
•
4 K multicast table
•
1000 accelerator hardware filters
•
128 MBytes Synchronous DRAM giving 64K IPv6 routes
6
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
AT-8948 model
Key features are:
■
Autonegotiating multi-layer gigabit switch
■
48 10BASE-T/100Base-TX ports (RJ-45 connectors), auto MDI/MDI-X, full
or half duplex
■
4-port 1000BASE-X SFP uplink sockets, full duplex
■
Hot-swappable, load sharing PSUs
■
Optional AT-ACC01 network processor accelerator card
AT-8948 front panel
1
ASYN0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
AT-8948 Enhanced Layer 3+ Switch
PSU 1
L /A
PSU 2
49
FAULT
50
CF
RESET
51
52
SFP
PORTS 49-52
L /A
LINK
ACT
SFP
ENABLED
FAULT
L /A
D/C
PORTS 1-48
L /A
LINK 100M
ACT
LINK 10M
ACT
D/C
FULL DUP
HALF DUP
COL
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Hardware Reference
7
AT-9900 Series Switch
AT-9900 Series switches are advanced gigabit Ethernet multi-layer switches,
perfect for the high-density rack environment where space is at a premium.
Environmental
conditions
Regulatory
standards
Switching core
■
Operating temperature range: 0ºC to 50ºC (32ºF to 104ºF)
■
Storage temperature range: -25ºC to 70ºC (-13ºF to 158ºF)
■
Relative humidity range for operation: 5% to 80% non-condensing
■
Relative humidity range for storage: 5% to 95% non-condensing
■
Operational altitude: 3,050 metres maximum (10,000 feet)
■
EMC: EN55022 class A, FCC class A, and VCCI class A.
■
Immunity: EN55024, EN61000-3, levels 2 (Harmonics), and 3 (Flicker)—
AC models only
■
Safety: UL60950-1, CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1-03, EN60950-1,
AS/NZS60950, and EN60825-1
■
Certification: UL, cUL, and TUV
■
Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) switch chip
■
High performance IPv4 switching
AT-9924T and AT-9924SP
•
64MByte packet buffer memory
AT-9924T/4SP
Processing core
•
High performance IPv6 switching
•
160 MByte packet buffer memory
■
400 MHz RISC Processor
■
16MBytes of fixed flash with provision for an additional 16MBytes
■
CompactFlash card slot on the front panel for hot-swappable expansion of
flash memory up to 128MBytes
■
512 kBytes of NVSRAM
■
Silicon ID chip storing serial number, board ID, MAC address, and
hardware revision level
AT-9924T and AT-9924SP
•
128 MBytes of Synchronous DRAM, expandable to 256 MBytes or
512 MBytes with DIMM
AT-9924T/4SP
Network processor
accelerator card
Software Release 3.0.2
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•
256 MBytes of Synchronous DRAM, expandable to 512 MBytes with
DIMM
•
512 MBytes of Synchronous DRAM is required if AT-ACC01 network
processor accelerator card fitted
AT-9924T/4SP only
■
Optional network processor accelerator card provides accelerated IPv6
unicast and multicast routing in hardware
■
512 MBytes of Synchronous DRAM required, giving 64K IPv6 static routes
■
4K multicast table
■
1000 accelerator hardware filters
8
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
AT-9924T/4SP model
Key features are:
■
Autonegotiating, multi-layer gigabit switch
■
24 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX/1000BASE-T ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
4 Small Form Factor Pluggable (SFP) ports
■
Hot-swappable, load sharing PSUs
■
Optional AT-ACC01 network processor accelerator card
AT-9924T/4SP front panel
There are 24 ports operational at one time. The RJ-45 ports 1 to 4 use the same
physical interface as the SFP ports 1 to 4. When an SFP is inserted into an SFP
port, the corresponding RJ-45 port is disabled. For example, if an SFP is
inserted in SFP port 1, then RJ-45 port 1 is disabled. When the SFP is removed
from port 1, the RJ-45 port 1 is again operational. All other RJ-45 ports function
normally.
AT-9924T model
Key features are:
■
Autonegotiating, multi-layer gigabit switch
■
24 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX/1000BASE-T ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
4 Small Form Factor Pluggable (SFP) ports
■
Hot-swappable, load sharing PSUs
AT-9924T front panel
There can be 24 ports operational at one time. The RJ-45 ports 1 to 4 use the
same physical interface as the SFP ports 1 to 4. When an SFP is inserted into an
SFP port, the corresponding RJ-45 port is disabled. For example, if an SFP is
inserted in SFP port 1 then RJ-45 port 1 is disabled. When the SFP is removed
from port 1, the RJ-45 port 1 is again operational. All other RJ-45 ports function
normally.
AT-9924SP model
Key features are:
■
Autonegotiating, multi-layer gigabit switch
■
24 Small Form Factor Pluggable (SFP) ports
■
Hot-swappable, load sharing PSUs
AT-9924SP front panel
Software Release 3.0.2
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Hardware Reference
9
AT-9900s Series Switch
The AT-9900s Series switch is a gigabit link aggregation switch that operates
with other switches that have 10 Mb/100Mb/1Gb/10Gb Ethernet ports. This
switch can act as a gigabit server backbone or pass aggregated traffic over its
gigabit ports. The switch can also aggregate gigabit desktop user connections
and pass traffic to other 10 Gigabit Ethernet equipment.
Environmental
conditions
Regulatory
standards
Switching core
Processing core
AT-9924Ts model
■
Operating temperature range: 0º C to 40º C (32ºF to 104º F)
■
Storage temperature range: -25ºC to 70º C (-13ºF to 158ºF)
■
Relative humidity range for operation: 5% to 80% non-condensing
■
Relative humidity range for storage: 5% to 95% non-condensing
■
Operational altitude: 3,050 metres maximum (10,000 feet)
■
EMC: EN55022 class A, FCC class A, and VCCI class A.
■
EN61000-3 levels 2 (Harmonics), and 3 (Flicker)—AC models only
■
Immunity: EN55024
■
Safety: UL60950-1, CAN/CSA-C22.2 NO. 60950-1-03, EN60950-1,
AS/NZS60950, and EN60825-1
■
Certification: UL, cUL, and TUV
■
Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) switch chip
■
High performance IPv4 switching
■
128 MByte packet buffer memory
■
667 MHz RISC Processor
■
32MBytes of non-expandable fixed flash
■
512 MBytes Double Data Rate (DDR) Synchronous DRAM, expandable to
1 gigabyte
■
512 kBytes of NVSRAM
The unmatched flexibility of the AT-9924Ts switch tailors solutions to a wide
range of networking needs. It is currently the sole model in the AT-9900s Series.
Key features are:
AT-9924Ts front panel
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Autonegotiating, multi-layer gigabit switch
■
24 10/100/1000BASE-TX ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
Out-of-band 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet management port
■
Two high-speed 20 Gbps bays to support combinations of expansion
modules
■
Supports dual, hot-swappable, load sharing PSUs (AT-PWR01)—a second
PSU is optional
■
Optional 10 GbE expansion module
■
Optional 12-port SFP expansion module
■
Optional 12-port RJ-45 expansion module
10
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Switch LEDs
The following LEDs report operations and faults and on the AT-8900, AT-9900,
and AT-9900s switches:
■
SFP port LEDs
■
RJ-45 port LEDs
■
Ethernet port LEDs
■
System LEDs
SFP port LEDs
LED
State
Description
L/A
(Link Activity)
Green
On AT-8948 only, a 1000 Mbps link has been
established and is operating in full duplex
mode.
Green flashing
On AT-8948 only, a full duplex activity is
occurring at 1000 Mbps.
Off
On AT-8948 only and when an SFP is installed,
the link is closed.
Green
On the AT-9900 and AT-9900s switches, an SFP
transceiver is installed and a link has been
established.
SFP
On AT-8948, an SFP transceiver is installed.
Green flashing
On the AT-9900 and AT-9900s series, an SFP
transceiver is installed and a link activity is
occurring. Not valid for AT-8948.
Amber
On the AT-9900 and AT-9900s switches, an SFP
transceiver is installed but a link has not been
established. Not valid for AT-8948.
Amber flashing
An SFP transceiver is installed but there is a
transmission fault.
LED
State
Description
L/A
(Link Activity)
Green
A 1000 Mbps link has been established.
Green flashing
1000 Mbps activity is occurring.
Amber
A 10/100 Mbps link has been established.
Amber flashing
10/100 Mbps activity is occurring.
Green
The port is operating in full duplex mode.
Amber
The port is operating in half duplex mode.
Amber flashing
Collisions are occurring.
RJ-45 port LEDs
D/C
(Duplex/Collision
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Ethernet port LEDs
LED
State
Description
L/A
(Link Activity)
Green
An XFP transceiver is installed and a 10 Gb link
has been established.
Green flashing
An XFP transceiver is installed and link activity
is occurring.
Amber
A 10/100 Mbps link has been established.
Amber flashing
10/100 Mbps activity is occurring.
Green
The port is operating in full duplex mode.
Amber
The port is operating in half duplex mode.
Amber flashing
Collisions are occurring.
D/C
(Duplex/Collision
System LEDs
LED
State
Description
PSU 1
Green
PSU 1 is installed and supplying power to the switch. The
voltage output is within specification. PSU 1 is in the right bay
when facing the rear of the switch.
Red
One of the following:
• PSU 1 is installed in the switch, and either a fan has failed
or the PSU has exceeded its recommended temperature
threshold of 75º C (167º F).
• A FOM is installed in the switch and a fan has failed.
• The bay is empty.
Off
A FOM is installed and operating at an acceptable speed.
For AT-9924T and AT-9924SP models, this LED is always off
because a FOM is not required.
PSU 2
Green
PSU 2 is installed and supplying power to the switch. The
voltage output is within specification. PSU 2 is in the left bay
when facing the rear of the switch.
Red
One of the following:
• PSU 2 is installed in the switch, and either a fan has failed
or the PSU has exceeded its recommended temperature
threshold of 75º C (167º F).
• A FOM is installed in the switch and a fan has failed.
• The bay is empty.
Off
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A FOM is installed and operating at an acceptable speed.
12
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
LED
State
Description (cont)
Fault
Red
The switch or management software is malfunctioning. This
LED lights and then turns off after hardware initialises.
1 Flash
One or more heatsink fans has failed or is operating below the
recommended speed.
6 Flashes
The switch’s temperature has exceeded the recommended
threshold. After flashing six times, the LED stops briefly, then
repeats the sequence.
3 Flashes
For AT-9900 and AT-9900s switches, the ability to monitor
temperature and fans has failed, and it cannot report whether
they are in the supported ranges. After flashing three times, the
LED stops briefly, then repeats the sequence.
Slow
flashing
at startup
The SDRAM (DIMM) has not been detected.
Rapid
flashing
at startup
The SDRAM (DIMM) is not compatible with the switch.
CF
Green
flashing
The CompactFlash memory card is active and should not be
ejected. The card can be safely ejected when the LED remains
off.
SD
Off
Secure Digital memory card. Not supported by 3.0.2 software.
Using Online Documentation
This section contains instructions on how to view online documentation on the
CD-ROM. Adobe Acrobat Reader must be installed on your computer to view
the documentation; you can install it from the CD.
1.
Insert the Documentation and Tools CD in the CD-ROM drive.
If the browser menu does not appear, select Run from the Start menu. Then
type d:\start.exe (where d: is the CD-ROM drive) in the text box, and click
the OK button.
2.
To view a specific document, click the document title.
3.
To browse PDF documents, use any of the following to page through a
document:
•
toolbar buttons, such as the Next Page button
•
keyboard shortcuts, such as arrow keys
•
commands from the Document menu
•
mouse wheel
To go to a specific section or topic, click a bookmark, thumbnail, or
hypertext link.
Use the Search command to search for keywords or phrases.
For more information about using the Adobe Acrobat Reader, select Adobe
Reader Help from the Help menu.
4.
To install one of the tools from the CD, click the link on the browser screen.
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Hardware Reference
13
Using AT-TFTP Server
This section explains how to access and use the AT-TFTP Server. You can
transfer configuration files as well as download software upgrades with
AT-TFTP Server.
1.
If AT-TFTP Server has not been installed, install it from the Documentation
and Tools CD-ROM.
Select AT-TFTP Server from the Start > Programs > Allied Telesyn >
AT-TFTP Server menu.
2.
To set preferences for the AT-TFTP Server, select Options from the File
menu to display the Set Preferences dialog box shown below.
The "Default file transfer directory" field specifies the directory that
AT-TFTP Server reads from or writes to for file requests that do not include
a directory specification.
Enter a path name in the "Restrict to directory" field to prevent
unauthorised access to private directories. AT-TFTP Server uses the
specified directory even when file requests contain references to other
directories.
To prevent files from being written to the PC, click the Read only checkbox.
To use the PC to archive scripts created using the switch's create config
command, click the Read Write checkbox.
Click the OK button when you finish.
3.
To load a file from AT-TFTP Server to the switch, type the following
command on a terminal connected to the RS-232 Terminal Port (ASYN0):
load method=tftp file=filename server=ipadd dest=flash
where filename is the name of the file to download and ipadd is the IP
address of the PC running AT-TFTP Server.
4.
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To save a TFTP Server log, select Save As from the File menu. TFTP
requests are logged to the AT-TFTP Server main window.
14
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Using Windows Terminal and
HyperTerminal
You can use a PC running terminal emulation software as the manager console,
instead of a terminal. There are many terminal emulation applications
available for PCs, but the most readily available are the Terminal and
HyperTerminal applications included in Microsoft Windows 98, 2000, and
XP Professional. In standard Windows installations, HyperTerminal is
available from the Communications submenu.
The key to successful use of terminal emulation software with the switch is to
configure the software and switch with matching communications parameters.
The following procedure can be applied to most terminal emulation programs.
Dialog boxes in the procedure are from Windows 2000 and XP Professional.
To configure Windows HyperTerminal for 2000 and XP Professional
1.
2.
Start the program in Windows by doing one of the following:
•
Select Programs > Accessories > Communications > HyperTerminal.
•
Double-click the Hypertrm.exe icon.
In the Connection Description dialog box:
•
Enter a name for the connection, such as AT99001.
•
Select an icon from the scrollable list and click the OK button.
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15
3.
In the “Connect using” field on the Connect To dialog box, select the COM
port on the PC used to connect to the switch. and click the OK button.
4.
In the COMn Properties dialog box, set port parameters as follows, and
click the OK button.
16
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
5.
From the main HyperTerminal window, select Properties from the File
menu. Click the Settings tab, and set the Properties dialog box as follows.
6.
Click ASCII Setup to display the ASCII Setup dialog box, and ensure the
following options are not selected:
•
Echo typed characters locally
•
Append line feeds to incoming line ends
Set other parameters as necessary and click the OK buttons on both dialog
boxes to close them.
7.
Save the current session by selecting Save from the File menu on the main
HyperTerminal window. This creates a connection icon with the name you
assigned in the HyperTerminal group.
To use the configuration, double-click the connection icon. When the
HyperTerminal window appears, press the Enter key several times; the
switch’s login prompt is then displayed.
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17
How the Switch Starts Up
When the switch starts up following a power cycle or an operator-initiated
reboot (using the reset button or restart command), it performs a series of tests
and sends messages to the terminal or PC connected to the ASYN0 port. After
the switch successfully starts, a prompt is displayed for you to log in. Refer to
the Installation and Safety Guide for basic login instructions or to the Getting
Started chapter in the Software Reference.
AT-8900 and AT-9900 Switches
Process flow
Overrides
When an AT-8900 or AT-9900 switch starts, it performs the following
operations.
Stage This happens...
Done by...
1
Self-tests run that check basic operations.
Boot ROM
2
A prompt is displayed briefly to allow a user-override. Users can
change the startup process by pressing special keys (see
Overrides). If they enter nothing, the process continues.
Boot ROM
3
The flash boot release is loaded as the install software.
Boot ROM
4
Install information is checked and the switch boots up from
either the preferred or default install.
Boot ROM
5
The startup configuration script that the user specified is
executed.
Preferred or
default software
6
Startup is complete and the switch starts switching traffic if
devices connected to it are sending traffic.
Release software
The switch pauses briefly during routine startup messages to display the
following prompt:
Force EPROM download (Y)?
If you do nothing, switch software is loaded along with a preconfigured
startup script. For troubleshooting, change the process by using the following
keys.
Pressing this key... Forces the switch to...
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Y
Load the flash boot release with no patch.
S
Start with the default configuration so that any boot script is ignored.
Ctrl+D
Enter diagnostics mode. For more information, see “Diagnostics” on
page 41.
18
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Regular output
The following messages are an example of output from AT-8900 and AT-9900
switches.
INFO:
INFO:
PASS:
INFO:
PASS:
INFO:
INFO:
Self tests beginning.
RAM test beginning.
RAM test, 131072k bytes found.
BBR tests beginning.
BBR test, 512k bytes found.
Self tests complete
Downloading switch software.
Force EPROM download (Y) ?
INFO: Initial download succeeded
INFO: Executing configuration script <boot.cfg>
INFO: Switch startup complete
Types of messages
AlliedWare
messages
The following table explains the types of messages that AT-8900 and AT-9900
switches generate during initial startup.
Type
Description
INFO
An action has been taken by the system.
PASS
A test has been completed successfully.
ERROR
An error message that a test has failed but the system continues to
operate.
FAIL
An error message that a fatal error condition has caused the system to halt
in an unrecoverable fashion.
The following table explains messages in the output of AT-8900 and AT-9900
switches.
Message
Description
INFO: Self tests beginning.
Code loader tests are about to begin.
INFO: RAM tests beginning
RAM tests are about to begin.
PASS: RAM test, 131072k
bytes found
RAM test passed and the switch is using the indicated
amount of memory.
ERROR: RAM test test-number.
Error address = address
The given RAM test failed at the given address, which
means the memory system is faulty. The test repeats until
it passes. If the error continues, contact your authorised
distributor or reseller.
For example:
ERROR: RAM test 5. Error
address = 00345678
INFO: BBR tests beginning
BBR battery tests are about to begin.
PASS: BBR test. Battery OK
BBR battery tests passed.
ERROR: BBR Battery low
BBR battery test failed, indicating that the battery is
running low. The BBR battery must be replaced. Contact
your authorised Allied Telesyn distributor or reseller.
PASS: BBR test, 512k bytes
found
BBR size/location test passed with the indicated amount of
BBR found.
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19
Message
Description (cont)
FAIL: BBR test. Error address =
location
BBR size/location test failed at the given location. The test
at this location failed, indicating the end of memory, but a
valid location was discovered in the 255 long words
following this location. The BBR system must be replaced.
Contact your authorised distributor or reseller.
FAIL: BBR test, only 16k bytes
found
The BBR size/location test completed, but only the
displayed amount of memory was found. This amount is
less than the minimum required to run the switch
software.
INFO: Self tests complete
Startup tests have finished.
INFO: Downloading switch
software
The process of downloading the switch software and
vector table from ROM is about to begin.
ERROR: Code load retried
Loading code from ROM to RAM failed. The load is retried
a number of times, and the error message is displayed
each time it fails. The fail message is displayed if the switch
reaches the maximum number of attempts.
FAIL: Code load failed
Force EPROM download (Y) ?
Prompt that lets you override the standard startup
sequence, typically when troubleshooting.
INFO: Initial download
succeeded
Startup tests and download are complete, and the switch
software is about to be started.The release is now
decompressed. This may take a few seconds.
INFO: Downloading
compressed release. This may
take up to 1 minute...
The main switch software is decompressed before being
loaded into RAM.
INFO: Loading software into
memory. This may take up to 1
minute...
INFO: Executing configuration
script <script-name>
Configuration commands in the given script file begin
executing if selected by the user. If the script has an error,
appropriate error messages are displayed.
INFO: Switch startup complete The startup process is complete and the switch is ready. If
devices connected to it are sending traffic, then the switch
begins switching operations.
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20
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
AT-9900s Switches
This section explains how AT-9900s switches start initially, including error
messages. The following types of software play key roles during startup.
Process flow
Overrides
Software
Description
Base
Product software that is typically the “preferred” base package installed.
It constitutes a feature set—similar to a "release”—and runs the switch.
A software licence must be enabled for specific base packages.
Fallback
A small subset of the base package that runs when the base package is
unavailable. It can download and install a base package, modify
configuration scripts, and monitor the system.
Bootloader
Software that runs the switch when it first powers up. It performs basic
initialisation, provides a basic interface for hardware diagnostics, and
executes either the product or fallback software.
When the switch starts, it performs the following operations.
Stage This happens...
Done by...
1
Self-tests run that check basic operations.
Bootloader
2
A prompt is displayed briefly to allow a user-override. Users
can change the startup process by pressing special keys (see
Overrides). If they enter nothing, the process continues.
Bootloader
3
Product software or fallback software is executed, depending
on what the user installed.
Bootloader
4
Hardware boards and software components are initialised.
Base or Fallback
5
The startup configuration script that the user specified is
executed.
Base or Fallback
6
Startup is complete and the switch starts switching traffic if
devices connected to it are sending traffic.
Base
The AT-9900s switch pauses briefly during startup messages to display the
following prompt:
Boot fallback software (Y)?
If you do nothing, the installed base package loads along with a preconfigured
startup script. For troubleshooting, change the process by using the following
keys.
Pressing this key... Forces the switch to...
Y
Load the fallback software instead of the base package, and skip the
startup configuration script.
S (skip)
Load the base package and skip the startup configuration script.
Ctrl+B
Display a bootloader prompt. To upgrade a bootloader file, load the
new .bin file into the file system, and enter the command:
copy filename.bin bootloader
For information about the load command, see the Managing
Configuration Files and Software Versions chapter in the Software
Reference.
Ctrl+D
Enter diagnostics mode. For more information, see “Diagnostics” on
page 41.
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Regular output
21
Bootloader and product software (AlliedWare) display a series of messages
similar to those in the following figure during routine startup for the AT-9900s
switch.
-----------------------------------------------------------Bootloader v1-00, built Feb 10 2005
-----------------------------------------------------------Initial RAM test ............................... passed
Available RAM .................................. 512 MB
Relocating the bootloader to execute from RAM .... done
Boot fallback software (Y) ?
Initialising file system access .................. done
Booting preferred base package: AT9924s_301-00.pkg
Installing system.img (1219098 bytes) ............ done
Initiating system software ....................... done
-----------------------------------------------------------AlliedWare v3.0.1-00, built 11 Feb 2005
-----------------------------------------------------------Initialising file system access .................. done
Validating package licence ....................... done
Installing product_apps.img (8925892 bytes) ...... done
IGMP packet trapping has been activated for IGMP snooping
Executing configuration script <startup.cfg>
Switch startup complete
Fallback output
Fallback software is a subset of the base package and runs when the base
package is unavailable. When the switch runs fallback software, a series of
messages similar to those in the following figure are displayed.
.
.
(bootloader messages)
.
Installing system.img (1219098 bytes) ............ done
Initiating system software ....................... done
.
.
.
-----------------------------------------------------------AlliedWare Fallback v3.0.1-00, built 11 Feb 2005
-----------------------------------------------------------WARNING: Fallback software will not allow normal
network operation
Initialising file system access .................. done
Installing product_apps.img (8925892 bytes) ...... done
Executing configuration script <startup.cfg>
Switch startup complete
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22
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Bootloader
messages
The following table explains messages that bootloader software displays at
initial startup for the AT-9900s switch.
Message
Description
Bootloader <version>, built
<date>
Banner that identifies the bootloader software.
Initial RAM test...passed
or
Initial RAM test...failed
Whether initial RAM tests are successful. If tests detect a
problem with DRAM, the switch cannot be used. Contact
your authorised distributor or reseller.
Available RAM...512 MB
The switch is using the amount of memory indicated.
Relocating the bootloader
to execute from
RAM...done
or
Relocating the bootloader
to execute from
RAM...failed
Whether bootloader software is successfully running from
RAM instead of flash memory. If not successful, the system
pauses indefinitely; contact your authorised distributor or
reseller.
Boot fallback software (Y) ?
Prompt that lets you override the standard startup sequence,
typically when troubleshooting.
If you press Y, the switch boots from fallback software, and a
confirmation message is displayed. For more information, see
fallback output.
Initialising file system
access...done
or
Initialising file system
access...failed
Whether bootloader software has initialised access to the file
system.
Booting install-type
filename.pkg.
Name of the software package to be installed: preferred
base package, temporary base package, or fallback. For
information about types of install, see “Install Process” in
the Managing Configuration Files and Software Versions
chapter in the Software Reference.
Installing system.img
<bytes>...done
or
Installing system.img
<bytes>...failed
Whether the system software image of the given size is
successfully installed in RAM and able to execute.This image
is extracted from the installed package.
Failure means a problem with the file system or memory
device. The switch reformats memory and processing
continues but data will be lost. Contact your authorised
distributor or reseller.
If this fails when booting from a base package, the switch
goes to the fallback software.
If this file cannot be extracted from the fallback package,
there may be a problem with fallback; contact your
authorised distributor or reseller.
Initiating system
software...done
or
Initiating system
software...failed
Whether bootloader software has initiated execution of
product software or fallback software, whichever the user
selected, and is shifting control to it. If not successful, the
system pauses indefinitely; contact your authorised
distributor or reseller.
Bootloader Error Messages
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AlliedWare
messages
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23
Message
Description (cont)
ERROR: Fallback area is
corrupt - launching the
bootloader CLI
The switch is shifting to bootloader software because the
fallback area in flash is unformatted or corrupt. It displays a
bootloader prompt. Contact your authorised distributor or
reseller before proceeding.
ERROR: No main board
personality - launching the
bootloader CLI
Unique information about the main PCB has not been
programmed and the switch cannot start without it. Contact
your authorised distributor or reseller.
No valid installed package booting fallback software
The switch cannot find valid installed software, or files with
install information are corrupt and the fallback area does not
contain a valid file. The switch starts from fallback software.
See the Managing Configuration Files and Software Versions
chapter in the Software Reference for information about
installation procedures, including the set install command.
ERROR: No valid software
available - launching the
bootloader CLI
The switch is shifting to bootloader software because it
cannot find a valid package. It displays a bootloader prompt.
Contact your authorised distributor or reseller before
proceeding.
ERROR: Package
filename.pkg is not valid
The switch could not extract the system image file because of
a problem with the given package. Install a different package
from fallback. Contact your authorised distributor or reseller
if the problem continues.
ERROR: ELF header has
problem
The system image file is corrupt or invalid due to the reason
given.The switch tries to start from fallback software. If this
fails, contact your authorised distributor or reseller.
ERROR: System image has
no section headers
The system image file is corrupt or invalid because it has no
section header information. Contact your authorised
distributor or reseller.
ERROR: No memory
available for storing ELF
element
A serious problem exists with memory allocation software or
memory on the switch. Contact your authorised distributor
or reseller.
The following table explains messages that the base and fallback software
display at startup for the AT-9900s switch.
Message
Description
Alliedware <version>, built
<date>
Banner that identifies the product software the switch is
executing—base or fallback.
WARNING: Fallback
software will not allow
normal network operation
When starting from fallback software, a reminder that
fallback is a subset of the product software and does not
have its full functionality.
Initialising file system
access...done
or
Initialising file system
access...failed
Product software has initialised access to the file system.
Validating package
licence...done
or
Validating package
licence...failed
Whether a valid licence has been found for the base package.
Verify licence, version, and switch model and contact your
authorised distributor or reseller if necessary. Not displayed
for fallback.
Failure means a problem with the file system or flash.
Processing will continue but data will be lost. Contact your
authorised distributor or reseller.
24
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Message
Description (cont)
Installing product_apps.img
(8925892 bytes)...done
or
Installing product_apps.img
(8925892 bytes)...failed
Whether the product application image of the given size is
installed in RAM and able to execute. This file is part of the
installed package.
IGMP packet trapping has
been activated for IGMP
snooping
IGMP packet trapping is enabled to allow IGMP snooping to
function. A warning is displayed if this function could not be
activated. Not displayed for fallback.
Executing configuration
script <startup.cfg>
Configuration commands in the given script file begin
executing if selected by the user. If the script has an error,
appropriate error messages are displayed.
Switch startup complete
The startup process is complete and the switch is ready. If
devices connected to it are sending traffic, then the switch
begins switching operations.
Failure could mean not enough RAM or the package is
corrupt. Contact your authorised distributor or reseller.
AlliedWare Error Messages
ERROR: Phase 1 of Software
Manager startup failed rebooting
Software Manager is part of the system software that
controls startup of the product software. It failed to complete
the first phase of its initialisation and cannot boot the
fallback software. Manually restart the switch with fallback
software (for details, see “Overrides” on page 20).
If this error occurs while rebooting from fallback, contact
your authorised distributor or reseller.
WARNING: Bad board of
type <number> in
Expansion Bay <number>
Board personality of the given type in the given bay could not
be read. Possible causes include:
• unprogrammed personality PROM on the board
• faulty hardware on expansion or host board
For information about boards, see the show system boards
command in the Configuring and Monitoring the System
chapter in the Software Reference.
WARNING: Unsupported
board of type <number> in
Expansion Bay <number>
Software does not support the board of the given type in the
given bay.
Unit was rebooted because
of a system exception
The switch is restarting after a system exception. Depending
on the exception, you may need to contact your authorised
distributor or reseller.
Creating core file
system_releasenumber.core...done
or
Creating core file
system_releasenumber.core...failed
Displayed after the switch restarts itself, and indicates
whether system core information has been written to the
specified file. Each image file creates its own core file and
coredump. This information is loaded into RAM after a
system exception and before the switch restarts. Contact
your authorised distributor or reseller.
ERROR: Unable to read
fallback package
information
Information about fallback software is not available. Contact
your authorised distributor or reseller.
ERROR: Unable to read
preferred or temporary
install information
Information is not available about the type of install
indicated. The switch tries to start from fallback software. If
this fails, contact your authorised distributor or reseller.
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Message
Description (cont)
ERROR: Failed to extract
product_apps.img from
package to RAM
The product application image could not be extracted from
the package file because the package file is corrupt or there
is not enough RAM.
Manually restart the switch with fallback software (for
details, see “Overrides” on page 20), and install another
base package.
If this error occurs while rebooting from fallback, contact
your authorised distributor or reseller.
ERROR: Failed to run
product_apps.img
The operating system could not execute the product
application image file.
Manually restart the switch with fallback software (for
details, see “Overrides” on page 20), and install another
base package.
If this error occurs while rebooting from fallback, contact
your authorised distributor or reseller.
ERROR: Phase 2 of Software
Manager startup failed rebooting to fallback
software
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Software Manager is part of the system software that
controls startup of the product software.The install
information for it is invalid or the installed software is not
licenced. Therefore, the switch boots up from the fallback
software.
26
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
SFP Ports
SFP transceivers are compact, hot-swappable, and high speed. Certain fibre
and copper SFP transceivers are supported so that you can interchange port
types to meet changing network requirements. AT-8900 and AT-9900 switches
have 1000BASE-X Small Form Factor Pluggable (SFP) uplink sockets
conveniently located on the front panels.
Approved SFP
transceivers
■
AT-8948, AT-9924T/4SP, and AT-9924T models have 4 SFP sockets
■
AT-9924SP models have 24 SFP sockets
You can purchase SFP transceivers when you purchase a switch or order them
separately as needed. For details about tested and approved SFPs, see “SFP
ports” on page 39. Also see individual datasheets on the documentation CD for
details.
For the latest list of approved SFP transceivers, contact your authorised
distributor or reseller.
Types of SFP
transceivers
Speed and duplex settings differ depending on the type of SFP transceiver
installed in it.
■
For an SFP port with an approved fibre SFP transceiver, the speed and
duplex settings are fixed at 1000Mbps full duplex autonegotiation.
■
For an SFP port with an approved copper SFP transceiver, the available
speed and duplex settings are:
•
10Mbps and 100Mbps half duplex
•
10Mbps and 100Mbps half duplex autonegotiation
•
10Mbps and 100Mbps full duplex
•
10Mbps and 100Mbps full duplex autonegotiation
•
1000 Mbps full duplex autonegotiation
An error message is displayed when an SFP port cannot operate at the
specified speed or duplex mode.
When using SFP ports 1 to 4 on AT-9924T/4SP and AT-9924T switches, the
corresponding RJ-45 ports (1 to 4) are disabled. However, when the SFP
transceiver is removed, the RJ-45 port becomes operational again.
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To insert or remove
an SFP transceiver
27
The SFP transceiver must be inserted the correct way in the socket, which
varies depending on whether the switch has a single or dual row of sockets.
For example, the AT-8948 has single-row sockets but the AT-9900 has a dual
row. See the example of dual-row sockets for a copper SFP transceiver in the
figure below. Notice the varying position of the release lever.
Warning Do not look into SFP cables or transceivers. Invisible laser radiation
may be emitted from disconnected fibres or connectors.
Release Lever
SFP Transceiver
SFP
Slide the transceiver into the SFP socket, and firmly press it until it engages. To
remove it, first release it by gently pulling the release lever, and then pull the
transceiver out of the socket. Never force a transceiver into or out of a socket.
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AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Management Ports
The following management ports let you configure, monitor, and upgrade the
switch:
■
RS-232 Terminal Port (ASYN0)
■
Out-of-Band Ethernet Management Port (AT-9900s switch only)
RS-232 Terminal Port (ASYN0)
The RS-232 ASYN0 port is standard for the AT-8900, AT-9900, and AT-9900s
switches, and connects them to a management device for initial configuration.
This port allows the software on the switch to be accessed from a terminal or a
PC running terminal emulation software.
The ASYN0 port has an RJ-45 socket with an industry recognised pinout. This
requires using a straight-through RJ-45 cable with an RJ-45 DB9 connector
when the switch is connected to a terminal or PC. The socket is wired as a DTE
and the pin layout is shown in the following figure and table.
8
1
rjpin1
Pin
Role
1
RTS
2
DTR (DSR and DTR are connected but have no other internal connection)
3
TXD
4
GND
5
GND
6
RXD
7
DSR (DTR and DSR are connected but have no other internal connection)
8
CTS
Out-of-Band Ethernet Management Port
The out-of-band 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet port is dedicated to management
traffic on the AT-9900s switch. Use it for initial configuration and on-going
management tasks. For remote access, use the default IP address,
192.168.242.242. This port is reserved for management only; the switch does
not transmit frames between this port and switch ports.
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29
Cables
This section describes the following:
■
RS-232 Terminal and Modem Cables
■
Cables for RJ-45 Ethernet LAN Interfaces
■
Cable Guidelines
■
Troubleshooting Cables
RS-232 Terminal and Modem Cables
The terminal and modem cables described in this section are:
■
RS-232 RJ-45 to DB9 female terminal cable
■
DCE RS-232 terminal port RJ-45 to DB9 male modem cable
The following figures show pin wiring diagrams to connect a standard VT100
compatible terminal or modem to ASYN0.
RJ-45 to DB9
female terminal
cable
RJ-45
(to switch)
4
3
6
7
5
2
8
1
DB9 Female
(to terminal)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 not connected
Note
This cable supplied as part number C855-84903-00.
Now at version B.
RJ45DB9F_x900
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AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
RJ-45 to DB9
male modem cable
RJ-45
(to switch)
DB9 Male
(to modem)
7
6
3
2
4
5
1
8
1
2
3
4
5
6 not connected
7
8
9 not connected
Note
Cable version 1.0
RJ45DB9M_x900
For more information on pin assignments for the RS-232 port, see “RS-232
Terminal Port (ASYN0)” on page 28.
Cables for RJ-45 Ethernet LAN Interfaces
A twisted pair cable with four pairs and RJ-45 connectors must be used for
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX/1000BASE-T connections.
Caution Do not plug a phone jack into an RJ-45 switch port because you could
damage the switch. Use only twisted pair cables with RJ-45 connectors.
Pin assignments
Each pair of twisted pair cables is identified by related colors. For example, one
wire might be red and the related wire would be red-and-white stripe. An
RJ-45 connector must be fitted to both ends of the cable. The following diagram
shows RJ-45 connectors and the pin layout.
1
1
8
8
1
rjpin
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31
1000BASE
straight-through
cable
For 1000BASE network connections, all four pairs are used and the cable is
wired in a straight-through configuration. You can use this cable with the
software test facility to test 1000BASE network ports. The following table lists
pin assignments for a 10/100/1000BASE-T RJ-45 four pair straight-through
cable.
End 1
1000BASE
crossover cable
End 2
Pin
Pair
Pin
Pair
1
Pair 1+
1
Pair 1+
2
Pair 1-
2
Pair 1-
3
Pair 2+
3
Pair 2+
6
Pair 2-
6
Pair 2-
4
Pair 3+
4
Pair 3+
5
Pair 3-
5
Pair 3-
7
Pair 4+
7
Pair 4+
8
Pair 4-
8
Pair 4-
For 1000BASE test cables, all four pairs are used and the cable is wired in either
a crossover or straight-through configuration. The following table lists pin
assignments for a 10/100/1000BASE-T RJ-45 four pair crossover cable.
End 1
End 2
Pin
Pair
Pin
Pair
1
Pair 1+
1
Pair 2+
2
Pair 1-
2
Pair 2-
3
Pair 2+
3
Pair 1+
6
Pair 2-
6
Pair 1-
4
Pair 3+
4
Pair 4+
5
Pair 3-
5
Pair 4-
7
Pair 4+
7
Pair 3+
8
Pair 4-
8
Pair 3-
Cable Guidelines
The following table lists port, connector, and cable combinations for switch
models and expansion modules.
Model
Port Type
Connector Type
Cable Type1
Maximum Cable Length
AT-8948
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
RJ-45
CAT5
100m Max
CAT5E
120m Max
AT-9924T/4SP
AT-9924T
AT-9924Ts
AT-A62
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
1000BASE-T
AT-8948
AT-9924T/4SP
AT-9924T
AT-9924SP
AT-A61
1000BASE-X
Refer to documentation
packaged with SFP
Refer to documentation
packaged with SFP
Varies with SFP
1. Refer to the IEEE Standard 802.3 for additional cable information
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AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Troubleshooting Cables
Cable test
The virtual cable test facility diagnoses cable faults and the approximate
distance to them on Gigabit Ethernet RJ-45 ports for the following switches:
■
AT-9924T
■
AT-9924T/4SP
■
AT-9924Ts
See “Test Facility” on page 40 for more information or the Test Facility chapter
in the Software Reference. Not all copper SFPs support this feature; however,
those listed in “Approved SFP transceivers” on page 26 do support it.
Cable lengths
Approximate cable lengths are reported for gigabit Ethernet RJ-45 ports on the
following switches:
■
AT-9924T
■
AT-9924T/4SP
■
AT-9924Ts
Cable length is reported after the link is established. To check the length, use
the show switch port command described in the Switching chapter in the
Software Reference. The Cable Length parameter in the output of this
command can be one of the following values:
■
<50m
■
50-80m
■
80-110m
■
110-140m
■
>140m
■
- (either the port link is down, or the port is operating at 10Mbps or
100Mbps)
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Power Supply Units (PSUs)
Two power supply bays are at the rear of the AT-8900, AT-9900, and AT-9900s
chassis. Each switch is supplied with a single power supply unit (PSU), either
AC or DC. Depending on the model, the switch has either a fan-only module
(FOM) or a blanking panel:
■
The AT-8948, AT-9924T/4SP, and AT-9924Ts switches have a PSU and a
FOM installed.
■
The AT-9924T and AT-9924SP switches have a PSU and a blanking panel
installed. When there is just one PSU, it must be in Bay 2 for optimised
cooling.
The following figure shows the rear view of the AT-8948, AT-9924T/4SP, and
AT-9924Ts models.
PSU and FOM installed
PWR
GOOD FAULT
FAULT
AT-PWR01
AT-FAN01
AC INPUT
100-240V
50/60Hz
3.0A
CAUTION: DISCONNECT POWER CORD PRIOR TO REMOVAL OF PSU
CAUTION: DISCONNECT ALL POWER CORDS TO DISABLE SYSTEM POWER
A second PSU is available as an option and provides redundancy. When two
are fitted, they must be the same type of current, either AC or DC.
Each PSU and FOM contains an EPROM chip that contains information, such
as the type of module, serial number, and revision of the PSU. This information
is available through the command line interface (CLI).
How to install a PSU or FOM in the switch is described in the Removable Power
Supply and Fan Installation Guide.
Hardware overview
■
Power supply units (PSUs) are hot-swappable and load share
■
Dimensions
■
•
Height: 40.9 mm
•
Width: 193mm
•
Depth: 130 mm
AC models
•
Universal 100/240 VAC 47/63Hz input
•
Maximum continuous current draw: 2.2A at 100V, 1.1 A at 230V
•
Maximum inrush current (cold start at 25º C/77º F): 70A at 240V, 32 A at
115V
Caution Double pole/neutral fusing. The fuse rating for FH101 and FH102
is 250V, 5 A (AT-PWR01).
■
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DC models
•
40 to 60 V, 48V nominal
•
Supports either positive grounded or negative grounded operation
•
Maximum continuous current draw: 3.9 A at 40 V
•
Maximum standby current: 100mA
•
Run/Standby switch
34
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Approved PSUs
and FOM
Product numbers for the power supply unit (PSU) and the fan-only module
(FOM) that can be fitted in the AT-8900 and AT-9900 switches are:
■
AT-PWR01(either AC or DC power supply unit)
■
AT-PWR02 (AC power supply unit only)
■
AT-FAN01 (fan-only module)
For the AT-9900s Series switch only, you can install the AT-PWR01 and
AT-FAN01 models.
LEDs on the
PSU and FOM
The following table describes how LEDs on power supply units and fan-only
modules report faults and operational activities.
LED
State
Description
Fault
Red
There is either a fan failure, or the temperature has exceeded
the limit of 75ºC (167º F).
PWR
Green
A PSU is installed in the switch and is receiving power. The
FOM does not have this LED.
IPv6 Accelerator Card
An optional AT-ACC01 network processor accelerator card accelerates IPv6
unicast and multicast routing in hardware on AT-8900 and AT-9924T/4SP
switches. For full functionality, 512MB SDRAM must be installed in the switch.
How the card works
When the switch receives an IPv6 packet to route, the packet is sent to the
network processor accelerator card. The card processes the packet and sends it
out the correct port with appropriate alterations to the packet. Other IPv6
functions are passed to software, such as routing protocol control packets,
encryption, authentication, and Hop-by-Hop headers.
No configuration is necessary for the accelerator card to function; the card is
enabled at installation. If you disable the card (using software), the switch
handles IPv6 routing in the software.
Use the hardware filter and QoS commands to enable Quality of Service (QoS)
functionality on the accelerator card. For information about QoS functionality
and hardware filters, see the Quality of Service and Switching chapters in the
Software Reference.
Warning Only authorised service personnel should install a network processor
accelerator card. Opening the switch’s lid may cause personal injury from
electric shock, could damage the switch, and will invalidate the product
warranty.
Verifying installation
To confirm that the network processor accelerator card is installed and
operating correctly, check that the switch has recognised it. Turn on the switch
and enter the show system command to display system information. The
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following figure is an example of output from the show system command for
the AT-9924T/4SP switch.
Switch System Status
Time 14:50:14 Date 11-Nov-2004
Board
ID Bay Board Name
Host Id Rev Serial number
-----------------------------------------------------------Base
220
AT-9924T/4SP
0 M1-0
61556164
Accel
210
AT-ACC01
0 M1-1
61493315
PSU
214
1 AT-FAN01
0 M2-1
61106469
PSU
212
2 AT-PWR01-AC
0 M2-1
60703190
-----------------------------------------------------------Memory DRAM :524288 kB
FLASH 16384 kB
-----------------------------------------------------------SysDescription
Allied Telesyn AT-9924T/4SP version 2.6.6-00 11-Nov-2004
SysContact
SysLocation
SysName
SysDistName
SysUpTime
620 ( 00:00:06 )
Boot Image
:
Software Version:
Release Version :
Patch Installed :
Territory
:
Help File
:
PSU1: (FAN)
PSU2: (AC)
99b104.fbr size 1026588 11-Nov-2004
2.6.6-00 11-Nov-2004
2.6.6-00 11-Nov-2004
NONE
usa
89-272a.hlp
Fan: Normal
Fan: Normal
Temp: Normal
Power: Normal
Current temperature : Normal
FAN
----------------Main fans
Accelerator fan 1
Accelerator fan 2
-----------------
Normal
Normal
Normal
Configuration
Boot configuration file: flash:boot.cfg (exists)
Current configuration: flash:boot.cfg
Security Mode
: Disabled
Warning (2048284): No patches found.
The first section of the output shows information about boards installed in the
switch. There are details about the switch base card, the accelerator card if
installed, and the type of power supply unit or fan-only module. Both the part
names and serial numbers of the base card and accelerator card are displayed.
Record the details of the base card and the network processor accelerator card
for later reference. If you have questions or problems with the network
processor accelerator card at any time, contact your authorised distributor or
reseller and supply the serial numbers for them.
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AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
If there is no entry for the accelerator card, then the switch’s boot process has
not detected the card. The most likely cause is that the card is not correctly
plugged into the slot on the switch’s base board.
Displaying
information
about the card
To display information about the status and memory of a network processor
accelerator card on AT-8900 and AT-9924T/4SP switches, use the show switch
accelerator command.
The following figure is an example of output from the show switch accelerator
command.
Switch Accelerator Configuration
-------------------------------------------------Hardware Type .............. AT-ACC01
Mode ....................... IPv6 Acceleration
Status ..................... IPv6 active
Search memory size ......... 128 Mb
Counter memory size ........ 2 Mb
--------------------------------------------------
Memory Options
The following memory expansion options are available:
■
CompactFlash Card—AT-8900 and AT-9900 switches have a slot on the
front panel
■
Dual In-line Memory Module (DIMM)—installed in AT-8900, AT-9900,
and AT-9900s switches
CompactFlash Card
CompactFlash (CFlash) cards are a memory expansion option for AT-8900 and
AT-9900 switches. Data such as releases, patches, and configurations can be
stored on these cards, and files can be manipulated with the command line
interface (CLI). However, release and patch files cannot be run directly from
the card, but must be loaded into either NVS or onboard flash.
Important Anyone with a compliant reader can read CFlash cards so do not
keep sensitive data on them.
Approved CFlash
cards
The following CompactFlash cards are approved for use with AT-8900 and
AT-9900 switches:
■
AT-CF032A-nnn 32 MB
■
AT-CF064A-nnn 64 MB (AT-9900 only)
■
AT-CF128A-nnn 128 MB
Where n is the number of cards in a package, less than 1000. A package
containing one card is 001.
For the latest list of approved CFlash cards, contact your authorised distributor
or reseller.
CFlash cards used with the switch must support a hardware access time of no
more than 100 nanoseconds. If a card does not meet this requirement, it may
not work.
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Inserting and
removing
a CFlash card
37
You can insert a card into the CompactFlash slot at any time; it takes about two
seconds to initialise. The following CLI message confirms that a card has been
inserted:
Info (1106257): Compact flash card inserted.
The following message confirms that the card is ready to use:
Info (1106268): Compact flash card initialisation successful.
The following message means that the CFlash card is not compatible with the
switch:
Info (3106300): Compact flash card initialisation
unsuccessful.
Important When data is being written to or read from the card, the CF LED on
the front panel of the switch is green. Do not remove the card when it is active
or you will corrupt the data. Wait until the LED is off before ejecting the card.
Displaying data
about a CFlash card
To display information about the basic state of a CompactFlash card, including
card size, file count, and serial number, insert the card and enter the command:
show cflash
To display cluster ranges on a card, insert the card and enter the command:
show cflash test
The following figure is an example of output from the show cflash test
command when no test is running.
Clusters available for testing
Ranges:
[42645--61944]
Number of free clusters
Number of ranges
Number of used clusters
Testing a CFlash card
= 19300
= 1
= 42645
To test a card, insert it in the CF slot and enter the command:
enable cflash test start=startnumber end=endnumber
where startnumber and endnumber are positive integers within a cluster range.
The end number must be higher than the start number. Cluster ranges are
displayed in the output of the show cflash test command.
The test software reads the file allocation table and displays a list of free
sectors. Sectors can be tested as single sectors or as a range. The test consists of
a write/read/verify cycle.
To stop the test, use the disable cflash test command. To display test results
while a test is in process, enter the show cflash test command.
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AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
The following is example output from the show cflash test command when a
test is running.
Test Progress
Starting cluster
Ending cluster
Current cluster
Passed clusters number
Passed sectors number
= 700
= 1700
= 1185
= 485
= 1940
Failed clusters number
= 0
Failed sectors number
= 0
Used Clusters encountered = 0
Duration................
4417 ms
Error messages are displayed when a file write fails. Failure could be due to the
card being removed or an error in the card itself. For information about CFlash
commands, see the Managing the File System chapter in the Software Reference.
Dual In-line Memory Module (DIMM)
Synchronous DRAM (SDRAM) is provided by a single DIMM for AT-8900,
AT-9900, and AT-9900s switches. Only DIMMs supplied by Allied Telesyn have
been tested and approved for use. Using unapproved DIMMs may cause
unreliable operation and will invalidate the warranty for the switch.
AT-9924T and
AT-9924SP switches
AT-9924T/4SP switch
The following DIMMs have been approved for use with AT-9924T and
AT-9924SP switches:
■
AT-SD128A-00 128 MB SDRAM (factory installed)
■
AT-SD256A-00 256 MB SDRAM (upgrade)
The following DIMMs have been approved for the AT-9924T/4SP switch
without the AT-ACC01 network processor accelerator card:
■
AT-SD256A-00 256MB SDRAM (factory installed)
■
AT-SD512A-00 512MB SDRAM (upgrade)
For an AT-9924T/4SP switch with an AT-ACC01 network processor accelerator
card, the following DIMM is required:
■
AT-9924Ts switch
AT-SD512A-00 512MB SDRAM (factory installed when the switch is
ordered with an AT-ACC01 fitted)
The AT-9924Ts switch is shipped with a 512 MB SDRAM DIMM; no upgrades
are available.
Warning Only authorised service personnel should install DIMMs. Opening
the switch’s lid may cause personal injury from electric shock and could
damage the switch.
Verifying DIMM
installation
The switch is unlikely to boot unless the DIMM is correctly installed. If the
switch does boot but you suspect the DIMM is malfunctioning, display system
information by using the show system command. See “Verifying installation”
on page 34 for output.
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The size of DRAM is in the memory section of the output. If the DRAM size is
less than the size of DIMM that has been installed, then the switch has not
detected the DIMM. The most likely cause is that the DIMM connector is not
correctly plugged into the slot.
Record the switch’s serial number and revision details for later reference. If you
have questions or problems with the DIMM at any time, contact your
authorised distributor or reseller and supply these serial numbers.
Expansion Options
The following expansion options are available:
■
SFP ports
■
XFP ports
■
RJ-45 ports
Optional expansion modules make the AT-9900s one of the most flexible
switches available. They provide economical combinations of speed and port
density. Two 20 Gbps bays in the front of the AT-9900s switch allow quick and
easy installation.
Refer to the Expansion Module Installation Guide for AT-9900s switches for more
information about each model. For the latest list of approved transceiver
modules, contact your authorised distributor or reseller.
SFP ports
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The following SFP modules are approved for use with the AT-8900 and
AT-9900 switches, including the AT-A61 1000BASE-X expansion module for
the AT-9900s switch.
Product No.
Media Type
Description
AT-SPTX
10/100/1000BASE-T
Copper, 100m at 1000Mbps, RJ-45 connector
(except for AT-9924SP)
AT-SPSX
1000BASE-SX
850nm, 2m to 500m with 50/125µm MM fiber,
2m to 275m with 62.5/125µm MM fiber, LC
connector
AT-SPLX10
1000BASE-LX
1310nm, 2m to 10km with 9µm SM fiber,
2m to 550m with 50µm MM fiber, 2m to 550m
with 62.5µm MM fiber, LC connector
AT-SPLX40
1000BASE-LX
1310nm SM fiber up to 40km, LC connector
AT-SPLX40/
1550
1000BASE-LX
1550nm SM fiber up to 40km, LC connector
AT-SPZX80
1000BASE-ZX
1550nm, 80km with 9µm SM fiber, LC
connector
AT-SPZX80/
xxxx
1000BASE-ZX
CWDM
Wavelengths of 1610nm to 1470nm (20nm
intervals) and 1310nm, 80km with 9 micron SM
fiber, LC connector. Where xxxx can be:
1610
1590
1570
1550
1530
1510
1490
1470
40
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
XFP ports
RJ-45 ports
The following XFP modules are approved for use with the AT-A60 10Gigabit
Ethernet expansion module for the AT-9900s.
Product No.
Media Type
Description
AT-XPSR
10GBASE-SR
850nm short-haul transmission, 300m with
MMF
AT-XPLRM
10GBASE-LRM
1310nm short-haul transmission, 300m with
MMF
AT-XPLR
10GBASE-LR
1310nm medium-haul transmission, 10km with
SMF
AT-XPER40
10GBASE-ER
1550nm long-haul transmission, 40km with
SMF
The 12-port RJ-45 expansion module, model AT-A62, features the following:
■
two rows of 6 RJ-45 ports
■
gigabit ports that support speeds of 10/100/1000Mbps
■
status LEDs
■
two 16MByte DDR-SDRAM for packet buffering
■
cable fault detection and distance-to-fault diagnostics are available for RJ45 Ethernet ports (see the Test Facility chapter in the Software Reference for
the switch)
Test Facility
The test facility is a hardware test tool in AT-8900, AT-9900, and AT-9900s
software. Its primary function is to validate that there are no hardware
problems after installation of the switch or expansion options. You can also use
it as a troubleshooting tool, but it is just one of many such tools. You could
consider the test facility to be a specialised interface module, such as PPP or
Frame Relay, where the interfaces under test are dedicated to the test facility.
Before you use the test facility, disable configurations by using the
set configuration=none command, and restart or reboot the switch. For more
information about the test facility, see the Test Facility chapter in the Software
Reference.
Testing Ethernet LAN Ports
A crossover cable is required to run an Ethernet LAN test. How to make a
suitable cable is described in “Cables for RJ-45 Ethernet LAN Interfaces” on
page 30. To start the test, loop a four-pair crossover or straight-through cable
between two RJ-45 ports and enter the enable test interface=all command.
Interfaces connected by crossover cables are tested. If a test fails, contact your
authorised distributor or reseller.
To display test results, use the show test command. To display detailed output
with frame counts, use the show test count command. For example output
from these commands, see the Test Facility chapter in the Software Reference.
This chapter also contains information on how to test other interfaces.
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Diagnostics
Software for AT-8900, AT-9900, and AT-9900s switches includes a set of
diagnostic programs that perform basic checks of all system components.
These diagnostics do not run with normal operating code and require that the
system be totally dedicated to their use. The switch does not perform switching
operations when diagnostics are running.
Caution Diagnostics are designed to be run by service personnel only. This
section is not intended as a guide to diagnostics software. Detailed knowledge
of how the switch hardware functions is necessary in order to effectively use
diagnostic programs. For more information, contact your authorised distributor
or reseller.
Enabling
diagnostics mode
1.
Connect a terminal to the RS-232 terminal port (ASYN0).
Use a terminal cable to connect a terminal to the RS-232 port (ASYN0) on
the switch. For more information on terminal cables, see “RS-232 Terminal
and Modem Cables” on page 29.
Set the terminal communication parameters as follows:
2.
•
Baud rate: 9600
•
Data bits: 8
•
Parity: None
•
Stop bits: 1
•
Flow control: Hardware
Restart the switch.
To restart the switch, use a small diameter pin to press the recessed Reset
button on the front panel of the switch. You can also log in at the terminal
and enter the command:
restart reboot
How to log in is described in the Installation and Safety Guide.
3.
Enable diagnostics mode during self-tests at startup.
The switch pauses briefly during its self-tests to allow an override.
For AT-8900 and AT-9900 switches, the following prompt is displayed:
Force EPROM download (Y)?
For AT-9900s switches, the following prompt is displayed:
Boot fallback software (Y)?
Press Ctrl+D to enable diagnostics mode. Press Ctrl+D once only to ensure
you send no other characters to the switch.
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AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
One of the following menus is displayed depending on the switch model.
When you see the menu, you know that the terminal is connected.
Menu for AT-8900 and AT-9900 switches
* * * Diagnostic Mode * * *
version: Nov 10 2004 11:08:34
Main Menu:
0. Restart
1. Full RAM test
2. ROM checksum test
5. Battery backed RAM test
7. Display PCI devices (not shown for AT-8948 models)
8. Watchdog test (not shown for AT-8948 models)
Enter selection ==>
Caution If you have an EPROM chip and you perform a full flash test or
erase flash, you will delete all configuration and release files. We
recommend that you know how to reload these files before you erase flash
or perform a flash test.
Menu for the AT-9900s switch
Diagnostics Menu:
0. Restart
1. Full RAM test
2. Bootloader ROM checksum test
3. Full FLASH test
4. Erase FLASH file system
5. Battery backed RAM test
6. Quick RAM test
8. Quit and continue booting
Enter selection ==>
Caution If you perform a full flash test or erase flash, you will delete all
configuration files and the product software that runs the switch. We
recommend that you know how to reload these files before you erase flash
or perform a flash test.
Running a
diagnostic program
There are several sub-menus that cover the available options. Control keys for
diagnostic operations are in the following table.
Key
Function
Q
Quits tests that are running. Displays a banner page or restarts, depending on
the switch.
S
Prints a summary of test results thus far for AT-9900 switches only.
To restore the switch to normal operation, use a small diameter pin to press the
recessed reset button on the front panel of the switch, or press 0 to restart.
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Troubleshooting
This section provides information on how to troubleshoot AT-8900, AT-9900,
and AT-9900s switches to resolve the following basic problems:
What to check first
L/A LED on a
port is off
■
L/A LED on a port is off
■
Power LED is off
■
Fault LED is on
■
Check power cord connections.
■
Check that the power supply voltage is stable.
■
Check that the correct data cables are used and that their connections are
secure.
■
Make sure that other network devices work properly.
■
Use the show install command to check that the latest software release is
loaded. The Software Reference describes how to obtain the latest software
release.
■
If the switch malfunctions, reboot it. Either use a small diameter pin to
operate the recessed Reset button on the switch’s front panel or enter the
restart reboot command. Alternatively, shut down and restart the switch at
either the main power source (AC models) or use the Run/Standby switch
on the PSU (DC models).
If the Link/Activity LED is off, it may indicate the following:
■
a loose data cable
■
the device at the other end of the connection does not work properly or is
turned off
■
the data cable is not wired correctly
■
the network administrator has manually disabled the port through the
software
■
the port’s selected transmission mode does not match that of the attached
device
Follow these suggestions to resolve the problem:
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1.
Make sure the data cable connections are secure.
2.
Make sure the device at the other end of the connection is powered on and
works properly.
3.
Check that the data cable is wired correctly.
4.
If you can, log in and check the port status. How to log in is described in the
Installation and Safety Guide.
5.
If the port is enabled, make sure the transmission speed matches that of the
connected device (autonegotiating, full or half-duplex).
6.
If the port is disabled, someone disabled it with the software. Find out why
before you enable it.
44
AT-8900, AT-9900, AT-9900s Series Switches
Power LED is off
If the power LED is off, it may indicate the following:
■
a loose power cord
■
a power supply failure
■
a FOM is installed in that bay
Follow these suggestions to resolve the problem:
Fault LED is on
1.
Check that the power cord connections are secure.
2.
Check that all switches and circuit protection devices are in the “on”
position.
3.
Ensure that the supply voltage is within the operational range:
•
AC models: 100 V to 240 V AC, 47 Hz to 63 Hz
•
DC models: 40 V to 60 V DC
If the fault LED is on, it may indicate the following:
■
there is a problem with the switch
■
the switch or management software is malfunctioning
■
a hardware fault is preventing switch startup
Follow these suggestions to resolve the problem:
1.
Read the descriptions of LED flashing sequences for explanations of what
to do (see “Switch LEDs” on page 10).
2.
Reset the switch. Use a small diameter pin to press the recessed reset button
on the front panel of the switch.
3.
If you were attempting to download software or manage the switch over the
RS-232 terminal port, check that connections between the terminal port and
local terminal or PC are secure.
If you cannot access the switch software because of a faulty RS-232 terminal
port connection, you can still manage the switch by using Telnet or SNMP
until the problem is resolved.
4.
Additional resources
Download the most current software. The Software Reference describes
how to obtain the latest software product.
Other sources of useful troubleshooting information are:
■
www.alliedtelesyn.com
■
the Software Reference, especially the Test Facility chapter
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For More Information
Document sets
The Documentation and Tools CD-ROM bundled with each switch contains the
complete document set for AT-8900, AT-9900, and AT-9900s Series switches and
their power supply units, as well as tools for switch management. The
CD-ROM includes the following:
■
Software Reference, which provides detailed information on configuring
the switch and its software
■
Installation and Safety Guide for the switch, which describes how to install
the switch and includes important statutory and safety information
■
Installation Guide for the power supply unit and fan, which describes how
to install a PSU and FOM in the switch
You can also download these documents and updates from
www.alliedtelesyn.com.
Contacting us
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With locations covering all of the established markets in North America, Latin
America, and Europe, Allied Telesyn provides localized sales and technical
support worldwide. To find the representative nearest you, visit us on the Web
at www.alliedtelesyn.com.