Edimax BR-6504n User`s manual

BR-6504N
IEEE802.11b/g/n Draft 2.0
Wireless Broadband Router
User’s Manual
Version 1.0.4 (April, 2007)
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Copyright© by Edimax Technology Co, LTD. all rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or
translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical,chemical, manual or otherwise, without the
prior written permission of this Company
This company makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with
respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or
fitness for any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or
licensed "as is". Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer
(and not this company, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all
necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from
any defect in the software. Further, this company reserves the right to revise this
publication and to make changes from time to time in the contents
hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes
Linux Open Source Code
Certain Edimax products include software code developed by third parties, including
software code subject to the GNU General Public License ("GPL") or GNU Lesser
General Public License ("LGPL"). Please see the GNU (www.gnu.org) and LPGL
(www.gnu.org) Web sites to view the terms of each license.
The GPL Code and LGPL Code used in Edimax products are distributed without any
warranty and are subject to the copyrights of their authors. For details, see the GPL
Code and LGPL Code licenses. You can download the firmware-files at
http://www.edimax.com under "Download" page.
※ The product you have purchased and the setup screen may appear slightly different
from
those shown in this QIG.
For more detailed information about this
product, please refer to the User's Manual on the CD-ROM.
※ Software and specifications subject to change without notice. Please visit our web site
for the update.
※ All rights reserved. Trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of their
respective holders
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CATALOG
CHAPTER I:
PRODUCT INFORMATION
1-1 Introduction and safety information………………………………....P6
1-2 Safety Information……………………………………………….......P8
1-3 System Requirements…………………………………………….... ..P9
1-4 Package Contents………………………………………………….....P10
1-5 Familiar with your new wireless broadband router………………….P11
CHAPTER II:
SYSTEM AND NETWORK SETUP
2-1 Build network connection…………………………………………....P13
2-2 Connecting to wireless broadband router by web browser………......P15
2-2-1 Windows 95/98/Me IP address setup…………………………P16
2-2-2 Windows 2000 IP address setup………………………………P18
2-2-3 Windows XP IP address setup…………………………….......P20
2-2-4 Windows Vista IP address setup…………………………........P22
2-2-5 Router IP address lookup…….....................................................P24
2-3 Using ‘Quick Setup’……………………………………………........P26
2-3-1 Setup procedure for ‘Cable Modem’…………………………P29
2-3-2 Setup procedure for ‘Fixed-IP xDSL’………………………...P30
2-3-3 Setup procedure for ‘PPPoE xDSL’…………………………..P31
2-3-4 Setup procedure for ‘PPTP xDSL’……………………………P33
2-3-5 Setup procedure for ‘L2TP xDSL’……………………………P34
2-3-6 Setup procedure for ‘Telstra Big Pond’………………………P36
2-4 Basic Setup………………………………………………………......P38
2-4-1 Time zone and time auto-synchronization…………………....P39
2-4-2 Change management password…………………………….....P40
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2-4-3 Remote Management…………………………………………P41
2-5 Setup Internet Connection (WAN Setup)……………………….......P44
2-5-1 Setup procedure for ‘Dynamic IP’……………………….......P45
2-5-2 Setup procedure for ‘Static IP’………………………………P47
2-5-3 Setup procedure for ‘PPPoE’…………………………….......P49
2-5-4 Setup procedure for ‘PPTP’………………………………….P51
2-5-5 Setup procedure for ‘L2TP’………………………………….P52
2-5-6 Setup procedure for ‘Telstra Big Pond’………………….......P53
2-5-7 Setup procedure for ‘DNS’…………………………………..P54
2-5-8 Setup procedure for ‘DDNS’…………………………….......P56
2-6 Wired LAN Configuration…………………………………………..P59
2-6-1 LAN IP section……………………………………………….P60
2-6-2 DHCP Server……………………………………………........P61
2-6-3 Static DHCP Leases Table……………………………............P62
2-7 Wireless LAN Configuration………………………………………..P64
2-7-1 Basic Wireless Settings………………………………………P65
2-7-1-1 Setup procedure for ‘AP'…………………………........P66
2-7-1-2 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge - Point to Point’……...P68
2-7-1-3 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge - Point to Multi Point’.P69
2-7-1-4 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge - WDS’………………P70
2-7-2 Advanced Wireless Settings………………………………….P72
2-7-3 Wireless Security……………………………………………..P75
2-7-3-1 Disable wireless security………………………………P75
2-7-3-2 WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy……………………...P76
2-7-3-3 Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)………………………..P78
2-7-3-4 WPA RADIUS…………………………………………P80
2-7-4 Wireless Access Control……………………………………...P81
2-7-5 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)………………………………...P84
2-7-6 Security Tips for Wireless Network…………………………..P86
CHAPTER III:
ADVANCED FUNCTIONS
3-1 Quality of Service (QoS)…………………………………………….P87
3-1-1 Basic QoS Settings……………………………………………P87
3-1-2 Add a new QoS rule………………………………………….. P90
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3-2 Network Address Trnaslation (NAT)………………………………P92
3-2-1 Basic NAT Settings (Enable or disable NAT function)……..P92
3-2-2 Port Forwarding……………………………………………..P93
3-2-3 Virtual Server……………………………………………… .P96
3-2-4 Port Mapping for Special Applications……………………..P98
3-2-5 UPnP Setting………………………………………………..P98
3-2-6 ALG Settings………………………………………………..P99
3-3 Firewall……………………………………………………………P101
3-3-1 Access Control……………………………………………...P102
3-3-1-1 Add PC……………………………………………….P105
3-3-2 URL Blocking……………………………………………....P106
3-3-3 DoS Attack Prevention……………………………………...P108
3-3-3-1 DoS - Advanced Settings…………………………….P111
3-3-4 Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)………………………………....P112
3-4 System Status……………………………………………………...P114
3-4-1 System information and firmware version………………….P115
3-4-2 Internet Connection Status………………………………….P115
3-4-3 Device Status………………………………………………..P116
3-4-4 System Log………………………………………………….P116
3-4-5 Security Log………………………………………………...P117
3-4-6 Active DHCP client list……………………………………..P118
3-4-7 Statistics….………………………………………………... P118
3-5 Configuration Backup and Restore………………………………..P118
3-6 Firmware Upgrade…………………………………………………P120
3-7 System Reset………………………………………………….........P121
CHAPTER IV:
APPENDIX
4-1 Hardware Specification…………………………………………….P122
4-2 Troubleshooting…………………………………………….............P123
4-3 Glossary…………………………………………………………….P126
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Chapter I: Product Information
1-1 Introduction and safety information
Thank you for purchasing this wireless broadband router! This high
cost-efficiency router is the best choice for Small office / Home office users,
all computers and network devices can share a single xDSL / cable modem
internet connection at high speed. Easy install procedures allows any
computer users to setup a network environment in very short time - within
minutes, even inexperienced. When the number of your computers and
network-enabled devices grow, you can also expand the number of network
slot by simple attach a hub or switch, to extend the scope of your network!
With built-in IEEE 802.11b/g/Draft-N wireless network capability, all
computers and wireless-enabled network devices (including PDA, cellular
phone, game console, and more!) can connect to this wireless router without
additional cabling. New Draft-N wireless capability also gives you the
highest speed of wireless experience ever! With a compatible wireless card
installed in your PC, you can transfer file for up to 300Mbps(transfer data
rate)! The radio coverage is also doubled, so don’t worry if your office or
house is really big!
Other features of this router including:
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High Internet Access throughput
Allow multiple users to share a single Internet line
Supports up to 253 users
Share a single Cable or xDSL internet connection
Access private LAN servers from the internet
Four wired LAN ports (10/100M) and one WAN port (10/100M)
Provides IEEE 802.11b/g/Draft-N wireless LAN capability
Support DHCP (Server/Client) for easy IP-address setup
Advanced network and security features like: Special Applications, DMZ,
Virtual Servers, Access Control, Firewall.
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Allow you to monitor the router’s status like: DHCP Client Log, System Log,
Security Log and Device/Connection Status
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Easy to use Web-based GUI for network configuration and management
purposes
• Remote management function allows configuration and upgrades from a
remote computer (over the Internet)
• Auto MDI / MDI-X function for all wired Ethernet ports.
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1-2 Safety Information
In order to keep the safety of users and your properties, please follow the
following safety instructions:
1. This router is designed for indoor use only; DO NOT place this router
outdoor.
2. DO NOT put this router at or near hot or humid places, like kitchen or
bathroom. Also, do not left this router in the car in summer.
3. DO NOT pull any connected cable with force; disconnect it from the
router first.
4. If you want to place this router at high places or hang on the wall, please
make sure the router is firmly secured. Falling from high places would
damage the router and its accessories, and warranty will be void.
5. Accessories of this router, like antenna and power supply, are danger to
small children under 3 years old. They may put the small parts in their nose
or month and it could cause serious damage to them. KEEP THIS ROUTER
OUT THE REACH OF CHILDREN!
6. The router will become hot when being used for long time (This is normal
and is not a malfunction), DO NOT put this router on paper, cloth, or other
flammable materials.
7. There’s no user-serviceable part inside the router. If you found that the
router is not working properly, please contact your dealer of purchase and ask
for help. DO NOT disassemble the router, warranty will be void.
8. If the router falls into water when it’s powered, DO NOT use your hand to
pick it up. Switch the electrical power off before you do anything, or contact
an experienced technician for help.
9. If you smell something strange, or even see some smoke coming out from
the router or power supply, remove the power supply or switch the electrical
power off immediately, and call dealer of purchase for help.
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1-3 System Requirements
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Internet connection, provided by xDSL or cable modem with a RJ-45
Ethernet port.
Computer or network devices with wired or wireless network interface
card.
Web browser (Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 or above, Netscape
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Navigator 4.7 or above, Opera web browser, or Safari web browser).
An available DC power socket (100 – 240V, 50/60Hz)
z
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1-4 Package Contents
Before you starting to use this router, please check if there’s anything missing
in the package, and contact your dealer of purchase to claim for missing
items:
□ Broadband
router (main body, 1 pcs)……………………………
□ Quick installation guide (1 pcs) …………………………………
□ User manual CDROM (1 pcs) …………………………………..
□ D/C power adapter (1 pcs) …………………………………….....
□ 3dBi Antenna (3 pcs)…….………………………………….....
□ Holding Base (1 pcs) ……………………………………….....
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1
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4
5
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1-5 Familiar with your new wireless broadband router
Front Panel
LED Name
PWR
WLAN
WAN
10/100M
WAN
LNK/ACT
LAN
10/100M
LAN
LNK/ACT
Light Status Description
ON
Router is switched on and correctly powered
On
Wireless network is switched on or WPS
mode is on.
Off
Wireless network is switched off
Flashing
Wireless LAN activity (transferring data).
On
WAN port (Internet) is running at 100Mbps
Off
WAN port (Internet) is running at
10Mbps
Flashing
WAN activity (transferring data)
On
WAN port is connected
Off
WAN port is not connected
Flashing
WAN activity (transferring data)
On
LAN port is running at 100Mbps
Off
LAN port is running at 10Mbps
On
LAN port is connected
Off
LAN port is not connected
Flashing
LAN activity (transferring data)
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Back Panel
Antenna A
Antenna B
Antenna C
Item Name
Description
Antenna A to C
Antenna A, B, and C
Power
Power connector, connects to D/C power adapter
Reset / WPS
Reset the router to factory default settings (clear all settings) or
start WPS function. Press this button and hold for 20 seconds to
clear all settings, and press this button for less than 20 seconds to
start WPS function.
1-4
Local Area Network (LAN) ports 1 to 4
WAN
Wide Area Network (WAN / Internet) port
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Chapter II: System and Network Setup
2-1 Build network connection
Please follow the following instruction to build the network connection
between your new WIRELESS router and your computers, network devices:
1. Connect your xDSL / cable modem to the WAN port of router by Ethernet
cable.
2. Connect all your computers, network devices (network-enabled consumer
devices other than computers, like game console, or switch / hub) to the
LAN port of the router.
3. Connect the D/C power adapter to the wall socket, and then connect it to
the ‘Power’ socket of the router.
4. Please check all LEDs on the front panel. ‘PWR’ LED should be steadily
on, WAN and LAN LEDs should be on if the computer / network device
connected to the respective port of the router is powered on and correctly
connected. If PWD LED is not on, or any LED you expected is not on, please
recheck the cabling, or jump to ‘4-2 Troubleshooting’ for possible reasons
and solution.
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2-2 Connecting to wireless broadband router by web browser
After the network connection is built, the next step you should do is
setup the router with proper network parameters, so it can work properly in
your network environment.
Before you can connect to the router and start configuration procedures,
your computer must be able to get an IP address automatically (use dynamic
IP address). If it’s set to use static IP address, or you’re unsure, please follow
the following instructions to configure your computer to use dynamic IP
address:
If the operating system of your computer is….
Windows 95/98/Me
Windows 2000
Windows XP
Windows Vista
- please go to section 2-2-1
- please go to section 2-2-2
- please go to section 2-2-3
- please go to section 2-2-4
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2-2-1 Windows 95/98/Me IP address setup:
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network icon, and
Network window will appear. Select ‘TCP/IP’, then click ‘Properties’.
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2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server’, then click ‘OK’.
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2-2-2Windows 2000 IP address setup:
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network and Dial-up
Connections icon, double click Local Area Connection, and Local Area
Connection Properties window will appear. Select ‘Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP)’, then click ‘Properties’
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2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ and ‘Obtain DNS server
address automatically’, then click ‘OK’.
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2-2-3Windows XP IP address setup:
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network and Internet
Connections icon, click Network Connections, then double-click Local Area
Connection, Local Area Connection Status window will appear, and then
click ‘Properties’
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2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ and ‘Obtain DNS server
address automatically’, then click ‘OK’.
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2-2-4Windows Vista IP address setup:
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Click View Network Status and Tasks,
then click Manage Network Connections..Right-click Local Area Netwrok,
then select ‘Properties’. Local Area Connection Properties window will
appear, select ‘Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP / IPv4), and then click
‘Properties’
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2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ and ‘Obtain DNS server
address automatically’, then click ‘OK’.
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2-2-5 Router IP address lookup
After the IP address setup is complete, please click ‘start’ -> ‘run’ at the
bottom-lower corner of your desktop:
Input ‘cmd’, then click ‘OK’
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Input ‘ipconfig’, then press ‘Enter’ key. Please check the IP address followed
by ‘Default Gateway’ (In this example, the IP address of router is
192.168.2.1, please note that this value may be different.)
NOTE: If the IP address of Gateway is not displayed, or the address followed
by ‘IP Address’ begins with ‘169’, please recheck network connection
between your computer and router, and / or go to the beginning of this
chapter, to recheck every step of network setup procedure.
3. Connect the router’s management interface by web browser
After your computer obtained an IP address from router, please start your
web browser, and input the IP address of router in address bar. The following
message should be shown:
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Please input user name and password in the field respectively, default user
name is ‘admin’, and default password is ‘1234’, then press ‘OK’ button, and
you can see the web management interface of this router:
NOTE: If you can’t see the web management interface, and you’re
being prompted to input user name and password again, it means you
didn’t input username and password correctly. Please retype user
name and password again. If you’re certain about the user name and
password you type are correct, please go to ‘4-2 Troubleshooting’ to
perform a factory reset, to set the password back to default value.
TIP: This page shows the four major setting categories: QuickSetup,
General Setup, Status, and Tools. You can find the shortcut which
leads to these setting categories at the upper-right corner of every
page, and you can jump to another category directly by clicking the
link, and don’t have to go back to the first page.
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2-3 Using ‘Quick Setup’
This router provides a ‘Quick Setup’ procedure, which will help you to
complete all required settings you need to access the Internet in very short
time. Please follow the following instructions to complete the ‘Quick Setup’:
Please go to QuickSetup menu by clicking ‘QuickSetup’ button.
HERE!
And the following message will be displayed:
1. Set Time Zone
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
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Set Time
Zone:
Please press
button, a drop-down list
will be shown, and you can choose a time zone of the
location you live.
Time Server
Address:
Input the IP address / host name of time server
here
Daylight
Savings:
If the country you live uses daylight saving,
please check ‘Enable Function’ box, and choose the
duration of daylight saving.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button.
NOTE: There are several time servers available on internet:
129.6.15.28 (time-a.nist.gov)
132.163.4.101 (time-a.timefreq.bldrdoc.gov)
131.107.1.10 (time-nw.nist.gov)
If you found that the time of router is incorrect, try another time server.
2. Broadband Type
Please choose the broadband (Internet connection) type you’re using in this
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page. There are six types of Internet connection, they are:
Cable Modem
Fixed-IP xDSL
PPPoE xDSL
PPTP xDSL
L2TP xDSL
Telstra Big Pond
- Please go to section 2-3-1
- Please go to section 2-3-2
- Please go to section 2-3-3
- Please go to section 2-3-4
- Please go to section 2-3-5
- Please go to section 2-3-6
If you’re not sure, please contact your Internet service provider. A wrong
Internet connection type will cause connection problem, and you will not be
able to connect to internet.
If you want to go back to previous step, please press ‘Back’ button on the
bottom of this page.
NOTE: Some service providers use ‘DHCP’ (Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol) to assign IP address to you. In this case, you
can choose ‘Cable Modem’ as Internet connection type, even you’re
using another connection type, like xDSL. Also, some cable modem
uses PPPoE, so you can choose ‘PPPoE xDSL’ for such cable modem
connection, even you’re using a cable modem.
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2-3-1 Setup procedure for ‘Cable Modem’:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Host Name :
Please input the host name of your computer, this is
optional, and only required if your service provider
asks you to do so.
MAC address:
Please input MAC address of your computer here, if
your service provider only permits computer with
certain MAC address to access internet. If you’re using
the computer which used to connect to Internet via
cable modem, you can simply press ‘Clone Mac
address’ button to fill the MAC address field with the
MAC address of your computer.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘OK’ button; if you want to
go back to previous menu, click ‘Back’.
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2-3-2 Setup procedure for ‘Fixed-IP xDSL’:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
IP address
Please input IP address assigned
assigned by your
by your service provider.
Service Provider (1):
Subnet Mask :
Please input subnet mask assigned by your service
provider
DNS address :
Please input the IP address of DNS server provided by
your service provider.
Service Provider
Please input the IP address of DNS server
Gateway Address : provided by your service provider.
You must use the addresses provided by your Internet service
provider, wrong setting value will cause connection problem.
When you finish with all settings, press ‘OK’ ; if you want to go back to
previous menu, click ‘Back’.
NOTE: You can choose this Internet connection method if your
service provider assigns a fixed IP address (also know as static
address) to you, and not using DHCP or PPPoE protocol. Please
contact your service provider for further information.
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2-3-3 Setup procedure for ‘PPPoE xDSL’:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
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User Name (1):
Please input user name assigned by your Internet
service provider here.
Password :
Please input the password assigned by your Internet
service provider here.
Service Name :
Please give a name to this Internet service, this is
optional
MTU :
Please input the MTU value of your network connection
here. If you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
Type :
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use (detailed explanation listed
below).
Idle Time Out :
Please input idle time out, (detailed explanation listed
below).
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘OK’ ; if you want to go back
to previous menu, click ‘Back’.
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MTU - Please use default value if you don’t know what it is, or ask
your service provider for a proper value.
Connection Type - There are 3 options: ‘Continuous’ - keep internet
connection alive, do not disconnect, connect on Demand - only
connects to Internet when there’s a connect attempt, and ‘Manual’ only connects to Internet when ‘Connect’ button on this page is
pressed, and disconnects when ‘Disconnect button is pressed.
Idle Time Out: Specify the time to shutdown internet connect after no
internet activity is detected by minute. This option is only available
when connection type is ‘Connect on Demand’.
2-3-4 Setup procedure for ‘PPTP xDSL’:
PPTP xDSL requires two kinds of setting: WAN interface setting (setup IP
address) and PPTP setting (PPTP user name and password). Here we start
from WAN interface setting:
Select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service provider here.
You can choose ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ (equal to DHCP, please
refer to ‘Cable Modem’ section above), or ‘Use the following IP address’ (i.e.
static IP address).
WAN interface settings must be correctly set, or the Internet connection will
fail even those settings of PPTP settings are correct. Please contact your
Internet service provider if you don’t know what you should fill in these
fields.
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Now please go to PPTP settings section:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User ID:
Please input user ID (user name) assigned by your
Internet service provider here.
Password:
Please input the password assigned by your Internet
service provider here.
PPTP
Gateway :
Please input the IP address of PPTP gateway
assigned by your Internet service provider here.
Connection
ID:
Please input the connection ID here, this is
optional and you can leave it blank.
MTU :
Please input the MTU value of your network connection
here. If you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
type :
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use, please refer to last section
for detailed descriptions.
Idle Time
Out :
Please input the idle time out of Internet
connection you wish to use, and refer to last section for
detailed descriptions.
Setting item ‘BEZEQ-ISRAEL’ is only required to check if you’re using the
service provided by BEZEQ network in Israel.
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘OK ; if you want to go back
to previous menu, click ‘Back’.
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2-3-5 Setup procedure for ‘L2TP xDSL’:
L2TP is another popular connection method for xDSL and other Internet
connection types, and all required setting items are the same with PPTP
connection.
Like PPTP, there are two kinds of required setting, we’ll start from ‘WAN
Interface Settings’:
Please select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service
provider here. You can choose ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ (equal to
DHCP, please refer to ‘Cable Modem’ section above), or ‘Use the following
IP address’ (equal to static IP address, please refer to ‘PPPoE xDSL’ section
above).
WAN interface settings must be correctly set, or the Internet connection will
fail even those settings of PPTP settings are correct. Please contact your
Internet service provider if you don’t know what you should fill in these
fields.
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2-3-5 Setup procedure for ‘L2TP’:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User ID (1):
Please input user ID (user name) assigned by your
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Internet service provider here.
Password :
Please input the password assigned by your Internet
service provider here.
L2TP Gateway :
Please input the IP address of PPTP gateway assigned
by your Internet service provider here.
MTU :
Please input the MTU value of your network connection
here. If you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
type :
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use, please refer to last section
for detailed descriptions.
Idle Time
Out :
Please input the idle time out of Internet
connection you wish to use, and refer to last section for
detailed descriptions.
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘OK ; if you want to go back
to previous menu, click ‘Back’.
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2-3-6 Setup procedure for ‘Telstra Big Pond’:
This setting only works when you’re using Telstra big pond’s network
service in Australia. You need to input:
User Name :
Please input the user name assigned by Telstra.
Password :
Please input the password assigned by Telstra.
User device login
server manually :
Login Server :
Check this box to choose login
server by yourself.
Please input the IP address of login server here.
When you finish with all settings, click ‘OK ; if you want to go back to
previous menu, click ‘Back’.
When all settings are finished, you’ll see the following message displayed on
your web browser:
Please click ‘Apply’ button to prepare to restart the router, and you’ll see this
message:
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Please wait for about 50 seconds, then click ‘OK!’ button. You’ll be back to
router management interface again, and the router is ready with new settings.
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2-4 Basic Setup
In this chapter, you’ll know how to change the time zone, password, and
remote management settings. Please start your web browser and log onto
router web management interface, then click ‘General Setup’ button on the
left, or click ‘General Setup’ link at the upper-right corner of web
management interface.
HERE!
2-4-1 Time zone and time auto-synchronization
Please follow the following instructions to set time zone and time
auto-synchronization parameters:
Please click ‘System’ menu on the left of web management interface, then
click ‘Time Zone’, and the following message will be displayed on your web
browser: Please select time zone at ‘Set time zone’ drop-down list, and input
the IP address or host name of time server. If you want to enable daylight
savings setting, please check ‘Enable Function’ box, and set the duration of
daylight setting. When you finish, click ‘Apply’. You’ll see the following
message displayed on web browser:
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Press ‘Continue’ to save the settings made and back to web management
interface; press ‘Apply’ to save the settings made and restart the router so the
settings will take effect after it reboots.
NOTE: You can refer to the instructions given in last chapter: ‘Using
Quick Setup’, for detailed descriptions on time zone settings.
2-4-2 Change management password
Default password of this router is 1234, and it’s displayed on the login
prompt when accessed from web browser. There’s a security risk if you don’t
change the default password, since everyone can see it. This is very
important when you have wireless function enabled.
To change password, please follow the following instructions:
Please click ‘System’ menu on the left of web management interface, then
click ‘Password Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on
your web browser:
40
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Current
Please input current password here.
Password :
New Password :
Please input new password here.
Confirmed
Password :
Please input new password here again.
When you finish, click ‘Apply’; If you want to keep original password
unchanged, click ‘Cancel’.
If the password you typed in ‘New Password’ and ‘Confirmed Password’
field are not the same, you’ll see the following message:
Please retype the new password again when you see above message.
If you see the following message:
It means the content in ‘Current Password’ field is wrong, please click ‘OK’
to go back to previous menu, and try to input current password again.
41
If the current and new passwords are correctly entered, after you click
‘Apply’, you’ll be prompted to input your new password:
Please use new password to enter web management interface again, and you
should be able to login with new password.
2-4-3 Remote Management
This router does not allow management access from Internet, to prevent
possible security risks (especially when you defined a weak password, or
didn’t change default password). However, you can still management this
router from a specific IP address by enabling the ‘Remote Management’
Function.
To do so, please follow the following instructions:
Please click ‘System’ menu on the left of web management interface, then
click ‘Remote Management’, and the following message will be displayed on
your web browser:
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Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Host Address :
Input the IP address of the remote host you wish to
initiate a management access.
Port :
You can define the port number this router should
expect an incoming request. If you’re providing a web
service (default port number is 80), you should try to
use other port number. You can use the default port
setting ‘8080’, or something like ‘32245’ or ‘1429’.
(Any integer between 1 and 65534)
When you finish with all settings, click ‘Apply’, and you’ll see the following
message displayed on web browser:
Press ‘Continue’ to save the settings made and back to web management
interface; press ‘Apply’ to save the settings made and restart the router so the
settings will take effect after it reboots.
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NOTE: When you want to manage this router from another computer
on internet, you have to input the IP address and port number of this
router. If your Internet service provider assigns you with a static IP
address, it will not be a problem; but if the IP address your service
provider assigns to you will vary every time you establish an internet
connection, this will be a problem.
Please either ask your service provider to give you a static IP
address, or use dynamic IP to host name mapping services like
DDNS. Please refer to chapter 2-5-8 ‘DDNS client’ for details.
NOTE: Default port number the web browser will use is ‘80’. If the
‘Port’ setting in this page is not ‘80’, you have to assign the port
number in the address bar of web browser manually. For example, if
the IP address of this router is 1.2.3.4, and the port number you set is
8888, you have to input following address in the address bar of web
browser:
http://1.2.3.4:8888
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2-5 Setup Internet Connection (WAN Setup)
Internet connections setup can be done by using ‘Quick Setup’ menu
described in chapter 2-3. However, you can setup WAN connections up by
using WAN configuration menu. You can also set advanced functions like
DDNS (Dynamic DNS) here.
To start configuration, please follow the following instructions:
Please click ‘WAN’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please select an Internet connection method depend on the type of connection
you’re using. You can either click the connection method on the left or
right . If you select the connection method on the right, please click ‘More
Configuration’ button after a method is selected.
Dynamic IP
Static IP
PPPoE
PPTP
L2TP
Telstra Big Pond
DNS
DDNS
- Please go to section 2-5-1
- Please go to section 2-5-2
- Please go to section 2-5-3
- Please go to section 2-5-4
- Please go to section 2-5-5
- Please go to section 2-5-6
- Please go to section 2-5-7
- Please go to section 2-5-8
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2-5-1 Setup procedure for ‘Dynamic IP’:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Host Name :
Please input host name of your computer, this is
optional, and only required if your service provider
asks you to do so.
MAC Address :
Please input MAC address of your computer, if your
service provider only permits computer with certain
MAC address to access internet. If you’re using the
computer which used to connect to Internet via cable
modem, you can simply press ‘Clone Mac address’
button to fill the MAC address field with the MAC
address of your computer,
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ ; if you want to
remove and value you entered, please click ‘Cancel’.
After you click ‘Apply’, the following message will be displayed on your
web browser:
46
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on
router setup, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take
effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
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2-5-2 Setup procedure for ‘Static IP’:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
IP address assigned
by your Service
Provider :
Please input IP address assigned
by your service provider.
Subnet Mask :
Please input subnet mask assigned by your service
provider
Service Provider
Gateway Address :
Please input the IP address of DNS
server provided by your service provider.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
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2-5-3 Setup procedure for ‘PPPoE’:
User Name :
Please input user name assigned by your Internet
service provider here.
Password :
Please input the password assigned by your Internet
service provider here.
Service Name :
Please give a name to this Internet service, this is
optional
MTU :
Please input the MTU value of your network connection
here. If you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
Type :
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use (detailed explanation listed
below).
Idle Time Out :
Please input idle time out, (detailed explanation listed
below).
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
2-5-4 Setup procedure for ‘PPTP’:
PPTP requires two kinds of setting: WAN interface setting (setup IP address)
and PPTP setting (PPTP user name and password). Here we start from WAN
interface setting:
Select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service provider here.
You can choose ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ (equal to DHCP, please
refer to ‘Cable Modem’ section above), or ‘Use the following IP address’ (i.e.
static IP address)
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WAN interface settings must be correctly set, or the Internet connection will
fail even those settings of PPTP settings are correct. Please contact your
Internet service provider if you don’t know what you should fill in these
fields.
Now please go to PPTP settings section:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User ID :
Please input user ID (user name) assigned by your
Internet service provider here.
Password :
8
Please input the password assigned by your Internet
service provider here.
PPTP Gateway :
Please input the IP address of PPTP gateway assigned
by your Internet service provider here.
Connection ID :
Please input the connection ID here, this is optional
and you can leave it blank.
MTU :
Please input the MTU value of your network connection
here. If you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
type :
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use, please refer to last section
for detailed descriptions.
Idle Time Out :
Please input the idle time out of Internet connection you
wish to use, and refer to last section for detailed
descriptions.
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Setting item ‘BEZEQ-ISRAEL’ is only required to check if you’re using the
service provided by BEZEQ network in Israel.
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘OK ; if you want to go back
to previous menu, click ‘Back’.
2-5-5 Setup procedure for ‘L2TP’:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User ID :
Password :
L2TP
Gateway :
7
Please input user ID (user name) assigned by your Internet
service provider here.
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Please input the IP address of PPTP gateway
assigned by your Internet service provider here.
MTU :
Please input the MTU value of your network connection
here. If you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
type :
Please select the connection type of Internet connection
you wish to use, please refer to last section for detailed
descriptions.
Idle Time
Out :
Please input the idle time out of Internet connection
you wish to use, and refer to last section for detailed
descriptions.
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When you finish with all settings, please click ‘OK ; if you want to go back
to previous menu, click ‘Back’.
2-5-6 Setup procedure for ‘Telstra Big Pond’:
This setting only works when you’re using Telstra big pond’s network
service in Australia. You need to input:
User Name :
Password :
Please input the user name assigned by Telstra.
Please input the password assigned by Telstra.
User device login
server manually :
Login Server :
Check this box to choose login server by yourself.
Please input the IP address of login server here.
When you finish with all settings, click ‘OK ; if you want to go back to
previous menu, click ‘Back’.
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2-5-7 Setup procedure for ‘DNS’:
If you select ‘Dynamic IP’ or ‘PPPoE’ as Internet connection method, at least
one DNS server’s IP address should be assigned automatically. However, if
you have preferred DNS server, or your service provider didn’t assign the IP
address of DNS server because of any reason, you can input the IP address of
DNS server here.
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
DNS Address :
Please input the IP address of DNS server provided by
your service provider.
Secondary
DNS Address :
Please input the IP address of another DNS
server provided by your service provider, this is
optional.
NOTE: Only IP address can be entered here; DO NOT use the hostname
of DNS server! (i.e. only numeric characters and dots are accepted)
10.20.30.40……………………………………………………………… Correct
dns.serviceprovider.com…………………………………………... Incorrect
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
2-5-8 Setup procedure for ‘DDNS’:
DDNS (Dynamic DNS) is a IP-to-Hostname mapping service for those
Internet users who don’t have a static (fixed) IP address. It will be a problem
when such user wants to provide services to other users on Internet, because
their IP address will vary every time when connected to Internet, and other
user will not be able to know the IP address they’re using at a certain time.
This router supports DDNS service of following service providers:
DynDNS (http://www.dyndns.org)
TZO (http://www.tzo.com)
Please go to one of DDNS service provider’s webpage listed above, and get a
free DDNS account by the instructions given on their webpage.
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Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Dynamic DNS :
Provider :
If you want to enable DDNS function, please select
‘Enabled’; otherwise please select ‘Disabled’.
Select your DDNS service provider here.
Domain Name :
Input the domain name you’ve obtained from DDNS
service provider.
Account /
E-Mail :
Input account or email of DDNS registration.
Password / Key :
Input DDNS service password or key.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
57
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
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2-6 Wired LAN Configuration
Before all computers using wired Ethernet connection (i.e. those computers
connect to this router’s LAN port 1 to 4 by Ethernet cable) can communicate
with each other and access internet, they must have a valid IP address.
There are two ways to assign IP addresses to computers: static IP address (set
the IP address for every computer manually), and dynamic IP address (IP
address of computers will be assigned by router automatically. It’s
recommended for most of computers to use dynamic IP address, it will save a
lot of time on setting IP addresses for every computer, especially when there
are a lot of computers in your network; for servers and network devices
which will provide services to other computer and users that come from
Internet, static IP address should be used, so other computes can locate the
server.
Suggestions on IP address numbering plan:
If you have no idea on how to define an IP address plan for your
network, here are some suggestions.
1. A valid IP address has 4 fields: a.b.c.d, for most of home and
company users, it’s suggested to use 192.168.c.d, where c is
an integer between 0 and 254, and d is an integer between 1
and 254. This router is capable to work with up to 253 clients,
so you can set ‘d’ field of IP address of router as 1 or 254 (or
any number between 1 and 254), and pick a number between 0
and 254 for field ‘c’.
2. In most cases, you should use ‘255.255.255.0’ as subnet mask,
which allows up to 253 clients (this also meets router’s
capability of working with up to 253 clients).
3. For all servers and network devices which will provide
services to other people (like Internet service, print service,
and file service), they should use static IP address. Give each
of them a unique number between 1 and 253, and maintain a
list, so everyone can locate those servers easily.
4. For computers which are not dedicated to provide specific
service to others, they should use dynamic IP address.
If you don’t really understand the descriptions listed above, don’t
worry! We will provide recommended setup values below.
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Please follow the following instructions to set wired LAN parameters:
Please click ‘LAN’ menu on the left of web management interface, there are
three setup groups here: ‘LAN IP’, ‘DHCP Server’, and ‘Static DHCP Leases
Table’. Here are setup instructions for each of them:
2-6-1 LAN IP section:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
IP address :
Subnet Mask :
Please input the IP address of this router.
Please input subnet mask for this network.
802.1d
Spanning Tree :
If you wish to activate 802.1d spanning tree
function, select ‘Enabled’ for setup item ‘802.1d
Spanning Tree’, or set it to ‘Disabled’
DHCP Server :
If you want to activate DHCP server function of this
router, select ‘Enabled’, or set it to ‘Disabled’.
Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:
IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
802.1d Spanning Tree: Disabled
DHCP Server: Enabled
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2-6-2 DHCP Server:
These settings are only available when ‘DHCP Server’ in ‘LAN IP’ section is
‘Enabled’, and here are descriptions of every setup items:
Lease Time :
Start IP :
Please choose a lease time (the duration that every
computer can keep a specific IP address) of every IP
address assigned by this router from dropdown menu.
Please input the start IP address of the IP range.
End IP :
Please input the end IP address of the IP range.
Domain Name :
If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain
name for your network. This is optional.
Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:
Lease Time: Two Weeks (or ‘Forever’, if you have less than 20 computers)
Start IP: 192.168.1.1
End IP: 192.168.1.200
Domain Name: (leave it blank)
NOTE:
1. The number of the last field (mentioned ‘d’ field) of ‘End IP’ must be
greater than ‘Start IP’, and can not the same with router’s IP address.
2. The former three fields of IP address of ‘Start IP’, ‘End IP’, and ‘IP
Address of ‘LAN IP’ section (mentioned ‘a’, ‘b’, and ‘c’ field) should be
the same.
3. These settings will affect wire
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2-6-3 Static DHCP Leases Table:
This function allows you to assign a static IP address to a specific
computer forever, so you don’t have to set the IP address for a computer,
and still enjoy the benefit of using DHCP server. Maximum 16 static IP
addresses can be assigned here.
(If you set ‘Lease Time’ to ‘forever’ in ‘DHCP Server’ section, you can
also assign an IP address to a specific computer permanently, however,
you will not be able to assign a certain IP address to a specific computer,
since IP addresses will be assigned in random order by this way).
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable Static
Check this box to enable this function,
DHCP Leases : otherwise uncheck it to disable this function.
MAC Address :
Input the MAC address of the computer or network
device (total 12 characters, with character from 0 to
9, and from a to f, like ‘001122aabbcc’)
IP address :
Input the IP address you want to assign to this
computer or network device
‘Add’ :
After you inputted MAC address and IP address pair,
click this button to add the pair to static DHCP
leases table.
If you want to remove all characters you just entered, click ‘Clear’.
After you clicked ‘Add’, the MAC address and IP address mapping will be
added to ‘Static DHCP Leases Table’ section.
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If you want to delete a specific item, please check the ‘Select’ box of a
MAC address and IP address mapping , then click ‘Delete Selected’
button ; if you want to delete all mappings, click ‘Delete All’ . If you want
to deselect all mappings, click ‘Reset .
After you finish all LAN settings, please click ‘Apply’ button on the bottom
of this page. After you click ‘Apply’, the following message will be
displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on router
setup, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect
(Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
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2-7 Wireless LAN Configuration
If your computer, PDA, game console, or other network devices which is
equipped with wireless network interface, you can you can use the
wireless function of this router to let them connect to Internet and share
resources with other computers with wired-LAN connection. You can also
use the built-in security functions to protect your network from being
intruded by malicious intruders.
Please follow the following instructions to set wireless parameters:
Please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web management interface, and
the following message will be displayed on your web browser. You must
enable wireless function of this router, or the wireless interface of this router
will not function. Please select ‘Enable’ , then click ‘Apply’ button.
If you’re coming here because you want to disable wireless function,
please select ‘Disable’ , then click ‘Apply’ button.
2
After you click ‘Apply’, the following message will be displayed on your
web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
2-7-1 Basic Wireless Settings
Please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web management interface, then
click ‘Basic Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on your
web browser:
1
5
This wireless router can be work in 4 modes:
a. AP: Standard wireless AP (access point).
b. AP Bridge-Point to Point: Connect this router with another wireless router,
to expand the scope of network.
c. AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point: Connect this router with up to four other
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wireless routers, to expand the scope of network.
d. AP Bridge-WDS: Connect this router with up to four WDS-capable
wireless routers, to expand the scope of network.
NOTE: For ‘AP Bridge-Point to Point’ and ‘AP Bridge-Point to
Multi-Point’ mode, wireless router is operated in wireless bridge
dedicated mode – wireless router is only used to expand the scope of
network, and no wireless clients will be accepted. If you want to use
your wireless router to expand the scope of network, and also accept
wireless clients, please select ‘AP Bridge-WDS’ mode.
Please select a proper operation mode you want to use from ‘Mode’
dropdown menu , and continue on other operation mode specific settings:
AP
AP Bridge-Point to Point
AP Bridge-Point to Multi Point
AP Bridge-WDS
- Please go to section 2-7-1-1
- Please go to section 2-7-1-2
- Please go to section 2-7-1-3
- Please go to section 2-7-1-4
2-7-1-1 Setup procedure for ‘AP’:
Please select the radio band you want to use from ‘Band’ dropdown menu ,
and the following message will be displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Band :
Please select the radio band from one of following
options:
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2.4 GHz (B)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b wireless
network client to connect this router (maximum
transfer rate 11Mbps).
2.4 GHz (N)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11n wireless
network client to connect this router (maximum
transfer rate 108**Mbps).
2.4 GHz (B+G)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b and 802.11g
wireless network client to connect this router
(maximum transfer rate 11Mbps for 802.11b
clients, and maximum 54Mbps for 802.11g
clients).
2.4 GHz (G)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11g wireless
network client to connect this router (maximum
transfer rate 11Mbps).
ESSID :
This is the name of wireless router. You can type any
alphanumerical characters here, maximum 32
characters. ESSID is used to identify your own wireless
router from others when there are other wireless routers
in the same area. Default SSID is ‘default’, it’s
recommended to change default ESSID value to the one
which is meaningful to you, like myhome, office_room1,
etc.
Channel Number : Please select a channel from the dropdown list of
‘Channel Number’, available channel numbers are 1 to
13. You can choose any channel number you want to
use, and almost all wireless clients can locate the
channel you’re using automatically without any
problem. However, it’s still useful to remember the
channel number you use, some wireless client supports
manual channel number select, and this would help in
certain scenario when there is some radio
communication problem.
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NOTE: If you don’t special reason to limit the type of allowed wireless
client, it’s recommended to choose ‘2.4 GHz (B+G+N) to maximize
wireless client compatibility.
TIPS: You can try to change channel number to another one if you
think the data transfer rate is too slow, or keep having problem while
transferring the file over wireless network. There could be some other
wireless routeres using the same channel, which will disturb the radio
communication between wireless client and the wireless router.
2-7-1-2 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge-Point to Point:
In this mode, you can connect your wireless router with another, to combine
two access points and expand the scope of wireless network, and all clients
(wired only – AP will not accept wireless clients in this mode) of two
wireless routers will think they’re on the same physical network. This
function is very convenient when you need to connect two networks between
two buildings. Here are instructions about how to connect two wireless
routers together:
NOTE: Two wireless routers must use the same mode, band, channel
number, and security setting!
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Band
Select the band you want to use, two wireless routers
must use the same setting.
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Channel
Number
Select the channel you want to use, two wireless
routers must use the same setting.
MAC
address
Input the MAC address of another wireless router.
Set
Security
Click to set security settings for this connection
(Please go to section ‘2-7-3 Wireless Security’
for detailed instructions).
NOTE: If you didn’t see popup window, please check the web browser
or antivirus program, some of them will block popup window.
2-7-1-3 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point’:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Band
Select the band you want to use, two wireless routers
must use the same setting.
Channel
Number
Select the channel you want to use, two wireless
routers must use the same setting.
MAC address
1 to 4 (4 - 7)
Input the MAC address of other wireless routers.
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Set
Security
Click to set security settings for this connection
(Please go to section ‘2-7-3 Wireless Security’
for detailed instructions).
2-7-1-4 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge – WDS’
In this mode, you can expand the scope of network by combining up to four
other access points together, and every access point can still accept wireless
clients.
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Band
Select the band you want to use, two wireless routers
must use the same setting.
ESSID
Input the ESSID of your wireless router, it can be the
same with other wireless routers for the convenience of
roaming, or different with other wireless routers so you
can identify each of them.
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Channel
Number
Select the channel you want to use, two wireless
routers must use the same setting.
MAC address
1 to 4 (5 - 8)
Input the MAC address of other wireless routers.
Set
Security
Click to set security settings for this connection
(Please go to section ‘2-7-3 Wireless Security’
for detailed instructions).
After you finish the wireless setting, please click ‘Apply’ button, after you
click ‘Apply’, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on router
setup, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect
(Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
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2-7-2 Advanced Wireless Settings
This router provides some advanced control of wireless parameters, if you
want to configure these settings, please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of
web management interface, then click ‘Advanced Settings’, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Fragment
Threshold:
Set the Fragment threshold of wireless radio.
Do not modify default value if you don’t know what it
is, default value is 2346.
RTS Threshold:
Set the RTS threshold of wireless radio. Do not modify
default value if you don’t know what it is, default
value is 2347.
Beacon Interval:
Set the beacon interval of wireless radio. Do not
modify default value if you don’t know what it is,
default value is 100.
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DTIM Period:
Set the DTIM period of wireless radio. Do not modify
default value if you don’t know what it is, default
value is 3.
Data Rate:
Set the wireless data transfer rate to a certain value.
Since most of wireless devices will negotiate with each
other and pick a proper data transfer rate automatically,
it’s not necessary to change this value unless you
know what will happen after modification.
N Data Rate:
Same as above, but only for 802.11n clients.
Channel Width:
Set channel width of wireless radio. Do not modify
default value if you don’t know what it is, default
setting is ‘Auto 20/40 MHz’.
Preamble Type:
Set the type of preamble of wireless radio, Do not
modify default value if you don’t know what it is,
default setting is ‘Short Preamble’.
Broadcast ESSID:
Decide if the wireless router will broadcast its own
ESSID or not. You can hide the ESSID of your wireless
router (set the option to ‘Disable’), so only people those
who know the ESSID of your wireless router can get
connected.
CTS Protect:
Enabling this setting will reduce the chance of radio
signal collisions between 802.11b and 802.11g wireless
access points. It’s recommended to set this option to
‘Auto’ or ‘Always’. However, if you set to ‘None’, your
wireless router should be able to work fine, too.
Tx Power:
You can set the output power of wireless radio. Unless
you’re using this wireless router in a really big space,
you may not have to set output power to 100%. This
will enhance security (malicious / unknown users in
distance will not be able to reach your wireless router).
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Turbo Mode:
Enhance the data transfer rate of LAN (up to 35Mbps,
only for 11g), default value is ‘Enable’, it’s
recommended to set this option to ‘Enable’.
WMM:
The short of Wi-Fi MultiMedia, it will enhance the data
transfer performance of multimedia contents when
they’re being transferred over wireless network. If you
don’t know what it is / not sure if you need it, it’s safe
to set this option to ‘Enable’, however, default value is
‘Disable’.
After you finish these wireless settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, button,
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on router
setup, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect
(Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
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2-7-3 Wireless Security
It’s very important to set wireless security settings properly! If you don’t,
hackers and malicious users can reach your network and valuable data
without your consent and this will cause serious security problem.
To set wireless security settings, Please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of
web management interface, then click ‘Security Settings’, then follow the
following instructions to set wireless security settings:
Please select an encryption method from ‘Encryption’ dropdown menu, there
are four options:
2-7-3-1 Disable wireless security
When you select this mode, data encryption is disabled, and every wireless
device in proximity will be able to connect your wireless router if no other
security measure is enabled (like MAC address access control - see section
2-7-4, or disable ESSID broadcast).
Only use this option when you really want to allow everyone to use your
wireless router, and you don’t care if there’s someone reads the data you
transfer over network without your consent.
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2-7-3-2 WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy
When you select this mode, the wireless router will use WEP encryption, and
the following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Key Length :
There are two types of WEP key length: 64-bit and
128-bit. Using ‘128-bit’ is safer than ’64-bit’, but will
reduce some data transfer performance.
Key Format :
There are two types of key format: ASCII and Hex.
When you select a key format, the number of characters
of key will be displayed. For example, if you
select ’64-bit’ as key length, and ‘Hex’ as key format,
you’ll see the message at the right of ‘Key Format’ is
‘Hex (10 characters), which means the length of WEP
key is 10 characters.
Default Tx Key :
You can set up to four sets of WEP key, and you can
decide which key is being used by default here. If you
don’t know which one you should use, select ‘Key 1’.
Encryption Key
1 to 4 (5-8):
Input WEP key characters here, the number of
characters must be the same as the number displayed at
‘Key Format’ field. You can use any alphanumerical
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characters (0-9, a-z, and A-Z) if you select ‘ASCII’ key
format, and if you select ‘Hex’ as key format, you can
use characters 0-9, a-f, and A-F. You must enter at least
one encryption key here, and if you entered multiple
WEP keys, they should not be same with each other.
Enable 802.1x
Authentication :
Check this box and another sub-menu will appear:
RADIUS Server
IP address :
Please input the IP address of radius
server here
RADIUS Server
Port :
RADIUS Server
Please input the port number of radius
server here.
Please input the port number of radius
Password :
password here.
TIPS: Some examples of WEP key
(Don’t use those examples; use the one of your own!):
ASCII (5 characters): pilot
phone 23561 2Hyux #@xmL
ASCII (13 characters): digitalFAMILY 82Jh26xHy3m&n
Hex (10 characters): 287d2aa732
1152dabc85
Hex (26 characters): 9284bcda8427c9e036f7abcd84
To improve security level, do not use those words which can be found
in a dictionary or too easy to remember! (‘pilot’ and ‘phone’ listed
above are bad examples; just intended to show you how a WEP key
look like). Wireless clients will remember the WEP key, so you only
have to input the WEP key on wireless client once, and it’s worth to
use complicated WEP key to improve security level.
After you finish WEP setting, please click ‘Apply’ button and the following
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message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
2-7-3-3 Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA):
When you select this mode, the wireless router will use WPA encryption, and
the following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:
1
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
WPA Unicast
Cipher Suite :
Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.
Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES), and
WPA2 Mixed. You can select one of them, but you have
to make sure your wireless client support the cipher you
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selected.
Pre-shared
Key Format :
Select the type of pre-shared key, you
can select Passphrase (8 or more alphanumerical
characters, up to 63), or Hex (64 characters of 0-9, and
a-f).
Pre-shared
Key :
Please input the WPA passphrase here.
It’s not recommended to use a word that can be found
in a dictionary due to security reason.
After you finish WPA Pre-shared key setting, please click ‘Apply’ button
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
NOTE: Some wireless clients (especially those manufactured before
year 2003) only support WEP or WPA (TKIA) cipher. A driver upgrade
would be needed for those clients to use WPA and WPA2 encryption.
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2-7-3-4 WPA RADIUS:
If you have a RADIUS server, this router can work with it and provide safer
wireless authentication.
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
WPA Unicast
Cipher Suite:
Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.
Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES), and
WPA2 Mixed. You can select one of them, but you have
to make sure your wireless client support the cipher you
selected.
RADIUS Server
IP address :
Please input the IP address of your
Radius authentication server here.
RADIUS Server
Port :
Please input the port number of your
Radius authentication server here. Default setting is
1812.
RADIUS Server
Please input the password of your Radius
Password :
authentication server here.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
2-7-4 Wireless Access Control
This function will help you to prevent unauthorized users from connecting to
your wireless router; only those wireless devices who have the MAC address
you assigned here can gain access to your wireless router. You can use this
function with other security measures described in previous section, to create
a safer wireless environment.
Up to 20 MAC addresses can be assigned by using this function. Please click
‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘Access
Control’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
2
5
All allowed MAC addresses will be displayed in ‘MAC Address Filtering
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Table’ , and Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Delete Selected :
If you want to delete a specific MAC address entry,
check the ‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to
delete, then click ‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can
select more than one MAC addresses).
Delete All :
If you want to delete all MAC addresses listed here,
please click ‘Delete All’ button.
Reset :
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all MAC
addresses.
Enable Wireless
Access Control :
To enforce MAC address filtering,
you have to check ‘Enable Wireless Access Control’.
When this item is unchecked, wireless router will not
enforce MAC address filtering of wireless clients.
MAC Address :
Input the MAC address of your wireless devices here,
dash ( - ) or colon ( : ) are not required. (i.e. If the MAC
address label of your wireless device indicates
‘aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff’ or ‘aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff’, just input
‘aabbccddeeff’.
Comment :
You can input any text here as the comment of this
MAC address, like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’ or
anything. You can input up to 16 alphanumerical
characters here. This is optional and you can leave
it blank, however, it’s recommended to use this field
to write a comment for every MAC addresses as a
memory aid.
Add :
Click ‘Add’ button to add the MAC address and
associated comment to the MAC address filtering table.
Clear :
Click ‘Clear’ to remove the value you inputted in MAC
address and comment field.
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After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
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2-7-5 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the simplest way to build connection
between wireless network clients and this wireless router. You don’t have to
select encryption mode and input a long encryption passphrase every time
when you need to setup a wireless client, you only have to press a button on
wireless client and this wireless router, and the WPS will do the rest for you.
This wireless router supports two types of WPS: Push-Button Configuration
(PBC), and PIN code. If you want to use PBC, you have to push a specific
button on the wireless client to start WPS mode, and switch this wireless
router to WPS mode too. You can push Reset/WPS button of this wireless
router, or click ‘Start PBC’ button in the web configuration interface to do
this; if you want to use PIN code, you have to know the PIN code of wireless
client and switch it to WPS mode, then provide the PIN code of the wireless
client you wish to connect to this wireless router. The detailed instructions
are listed follow:
Please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web management interface, then
click ‘WPS’, and the following message will be displayed on your web
browser:
1
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable WPS
Check this box to enable WPS function, uncheck it
to disable WPS.
Wi-Fi Protected
WPS-related system information will be displayed
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Setup Information
here:
WPS Status: If the wireless security (encryption)
function of this wireless router is properly set, you’ll
see ‘Configured’ message here. If wireless security
function has not been set, you’ll see ‘unConfigured’.
Self PIN code: This is the WPS PIN code of this
wireless router. This code is useful when you need to
build wireless connection by WPS with other
WPS-enabled wireless devices.
SSID: The SSID of this wireless router will be
displayed here.
Authentication Mode: The wireless security
authentication mode of this wireless router will be
displayed here.
Configure
via Push Button
Click ‘Start PBC’ to start Push-Button style WPS
setup procedure. This wireless router will wait for
WPS requests from wireless clients for 2 minutes.
The ‘WLAN’ LED on the wireless router will be
steady on when this wireless router is waiting for
incoming WPS request.
Configure
via client
PinCode
Please input the PIN code of the wireless client you
wish to connect, and click ‘Start PIN’ button.
The ‘WLAN’ led on the wireless router will be
steady on when this wireless router is waiting for
incoming WPS request.
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2-7-6 Security Tips for Wireless Network
Here are some quick tips to help you improve the security level of your
wireless network:
1. Do not use 100% radio output power unless it’s necessary; higher output
power means border wireless coverage, but if you’re not using this
wireless router in a really big space, you’ll let your neighbors have the
chance to do something bad to your network. If the wireless router is not
far away from your computer, try to start from 10% Tx Power setting in
‘Advance Settings’ menu, and only raise the Tx Power setting when it’s
required.
2. Never use simple words (like school, apple, computer) as WEP encryption
or WPA passphrase.
3. A complicated (the combination of number, alphabet, even symbol, and
long enough) WEP key and WPA passphrase is much safer than simple
and short ones. Remember that the wireless client is capable to keep the
key or passphrase for you, so you only have to input the complicated key
or passphrase once. It’s not too trouble but will greatly improve security
level.
4. You can hide the ESSID of this router by set ‘Broadcast ESSID’ option to
‘Disable’. Your wireless router will not be found by other people in
proximity if they’re just using the AP scanning function of their wireless
client, and this can reduce the chance of being intruded.
5. Use ‘Access Control’ function described in section 2-7-4, so those people
who are not in your list will not be able to connect to your network.
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Chapter III
Advanced Functions
3-1 Quality of Service (QoS)
Quality of service provides an efficient way for computers on the network to
share the internet bandwidth with a promised quality of internet service.
Without QoS, all computers and devices on the network will compete with
each other to get internet bandwidth, and some applications which require
guaranteed bandwidth (like video streaming and network telephone) will be
affected, therefore an unpleasing result will occur, like the interruption of
video / audio transfer.
With this function, you can limit the maximum bandwidth or give a
guaranteed bandwidth for a specific computer, to avoid said unpleasing result
from happening.
3-1-1 Basic QoS Settings
Please follow the following instructions to set QoS parameters:
Please click ‘Qos’ menu on the left of web management interface and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
5 6
Here are descriptions of every settings:
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Enable QoS :
Check this box to enable QoS function, unselect this
box if you don’t want to enforce QoS bandwidth
limitations.
Total Download
Bandwidth :
You can set the limit of total download
bandwidth in kbits. To disable download bandwidth
limitation, input ‘0’ here.
Total Upload
Bandwidth :
You can set the limit of total upload
bandwidth in kbits. To disable upload bandwidth
limitation, input ‘0’ here.
Current QoS
Table :
All existing QoS rules will be displayed here.
Add :
Click ‘add’ button to add a new QoS rule, see section
3-1-2 ‘Add a new QoS rule’ below.
Edit :
If you want to modify the content of a specific rule,
please check the ‘select’ box of the rule you want to edit,
then click ‘Edit’ button. Only one rule should be
selected a time! If you didn’t select a rule before
clicking ‘Edit’ button, you’ll be prompted to add a new
rule.
Delete
Selected :
You can delete selected rules by clicking this
button. You can select one or more rules to delete by
check the ‘select’ the box of the rule(s) you want to
delete a time. If the QoS table is empty, this button will
be grayed out and can not be clicked.
Delete All :
By clicking this button, you can delete all rules
currently in the QoS table. If the QoS table is empty,
this button will be grayed out and can not be clicked.
Move Up :
You can pull up the priority of the QoS rule you
selected by clicking this button.
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Move Down :
You can lower the priority of the QoS rule you selected
by clicking this button.
Reset :
If you want to erase all values you just entered. Click
‘Reset’.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
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3-1-2 Add a new QoS rule
After you click ‘Add’ button in QoS menu, the following message will
appear:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
i
Rule Name (a):
Please give a name to this QoS rule (up to 15
alphanumerical characters)
Bandwidth (b):
Set the bandwidth limitation of this QoS rule. You have
to select the data direction of this rule (Upload of
Download), and the speed of bandwidth limitation in
Kbps, then select the type of QoS: ‘guarantee’
(guaranteed usable bandwidth for this rule) or ‘max’
(set the maximum bandwidth for the application
allowed by this rule).
Local IP
Address (c):
Specify the local (source) IP address
that will be affected by this rule. Please input the
starting IP address in the left field, and input the end IP
address in the right field to define a range of IP
addresses, or just input the IP address in the left field to
define a single IP address.
Local Port
Range (d):
Please input the range of local (source)
port number that will be affected by this rule. If you
want to apply this rule on port 80 to 90, please
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input ’80-90’; if you want to apply this rule on a single
port, just input the port number, like ‘80’.
Remote IP
Address: (e):
Specify the remote (destination) IP address
that will be affected by this rule. Please input the
starting IP address in the left field, and input the end IP
address in the right field to define a range of IP
addresses, or just input the IP address in the left field to
define a single IP address.
Remote Port
Range (f):
Please input the range of remote (destination)
port number that will be affected by this rule. If you
want to apply this rule on port 80 to 90, please
input ’80-90’; if you want to apply this rule on a single
port, just input the port number, like ‘80’. If the remote
(destination) IP address and /or port number is
universal, just leave it blank.
Traffic Type (g):
Please select the traffic type of this rule,
available options are None, SMTP, HTTP, POP3, and
FTP. You can select a specific traffic type for this rule, if
you want to make this rule as a IP address based rule
(apply the limitation on all traffics from / to the
specified IP address / port number), select ‘None’.
Protocol (f):
Please select the protocol type of this rule,
available options are TCP and UDP. If you don’t know
what protocol your application uses, please try ‘TCP’
first, and switch to ‘UDP’ if this rule doesn’t seems to
work.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘save’ button (i), you’ll be
brought back to previous menu, and the rule you just set will appear in
current QoS table; if you did anything wrong, you’ll get an error message
when you click ‘Save’ button, please correct your input by the instructions
given by the error message.
If you want to erase all values you just entered. Click ‘Reset’
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3-2 Network Address Trnaslation (NAT)
Network address translations solve the problem if sharing a single IP address
to multiple computers. Without NAT, all computers must be assigned with a
valid Internet IP address to get connected to Internet, but Internet service
providers only provide very few IP addresses to every user. Therefore it’s
necessary to use NAT technology to share a single Internet IP address to
multiple computers on local network, so everyone can get connected to
Internet.
Please follow the following instructions to set NAT parameters:
3-2-1 Basic NAT Settings (Enable or disable NAT function)
Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
To enable NAT function, please select ‘Enable’ for ‘Enable or disable NAT
module function’ ; to disable, please select ‘Disable’.
After you made the selection, please click ‘Apply’ button , and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
3-2-2 Port Forwarding
This function allows you to redirect a single port or consecutive ports of
Internet IP address to the same port of the IP address on local network. The
port number(s) of Internet IP address and private IP address (the IP address
on local network) must be the same. If the port number of Internet IP address
and private IP address is different, please use ‘Virtual Server’ function,
described in next section.
Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click
‘Port Forwarding’, and the following message will be displayed on your web
browser:
1
6
7
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Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable Port
Forwarding :
Check this box to enable port mapping,
and uncheck this box to disable port mapping.
Private IP :
Input the IP address of the computer on local network
which provides internet service.
Type :
Select the type of connection, TCP or UDP. If you’re
not sure, please select ‘Both’.
Port Range :
Input the starting port number in the left field, and
input the ending port number in the right field. If you
only want to redirect a single port number, just fill the
port number in the left field.
Comment :
Please input any text to describe this mapping, up to 16
alphanumerical characters.
Add :
Add the mapping to port forwarding table.
Reset :
Remove all inputted values.
Port Forwarding
All existing port forwarding mappings will
Table :
be displayed here.
‘Delete
Selected’ :
Please select a port forwarding mapping by
clicking the ‘Select’ box of the mapping, then click
‘Delete Selected’ button to remove the mapping. If
there’s no existing mapping, this button will be grayed
out.
Delete All :
Delete all mappings existed in virtual server table.
Reset :
Unselect all mappings.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
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3-2-3 Virtual Server
This function allows you to redirect a port on Internet IP address (on WAN
port) to a specified port of an IP address on local network, so you can setup
an Internet service on the computer on local network, without exposing it on
Internet directly. You can also build many sets of port redirection, to provide
many different Internet services on different local computers via a single
Internet IP address.
Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click
‘Virtual Server’, and the following message will be displayed on your web
browser:
1
7
8
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable Virtual
Server :
Check this box to enable virtual server,
and uncheck this box to disable virtual server.
Private IP :
Input the IP address of the computer which
provides Internet service.
Private Port :
Type :
Input the port number of the IP address
which provides Internet service.
Select the type of connection, TCP or UDP. If you’re
not sure, please select ‘Both’.
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Public Port :
Please select the port number of Internet IP address
which will be redirected to the port number of local IP
address defined above.
Comment :
Please input any text to describe this mapping, up to 16
alphanumerical characters.
Add :
Add the mapping to virtual server table.
Reset :
Remove all inputted values.
Virtual Server
Table :
All existing virtual server mappings will be
displayed here.
Delete
Selected :
Please select a virtual server mapping by clicking
the ‘Select’ box of the mapping, then click ‘Delete
Selected’ button to remove the mapping. If there’s no
existing mapping, this button will be grayed out.
Delete All :
Delete all mappings existed in virtual server table.
Reset :
Unselect all mappings.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
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take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
3-2-4 Port Mapping for Special Applications
Some applications require more than one connection a time; these
applications won’t work with simple NAT rules. In order to make these
applications work, you can use this function to let these applications work.
3-2-5 UPnP Setting
This function enables network auto-configuration for peer-to-peer
communications, with this function, network devices will be able to
communicate with other devices directly, and learn about information about
other devices. Many network device and applications rely on UPnP function
nowadays.
Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click
‘UPnP’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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There is only one option in this page, please select ‘Enable’ or ‘Disable’ to
enable or disable UPnP function, then click ‘Apply’ button, and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
3-2-6 ALG Settings
Application Layer Gateway (ALG) is a special function of this router. It
includes many preset routing rules for numerous applications which require
special support. With these supports, those applications which required
special support will be able to work with NAT architecture.
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Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click
‘ALG Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on your web
browser:
There are many applications listed here. Please check the box of the special
support for applications you need, and then click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
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3-3 Firewall
Excepting NAT, this router also provides firewall function to block malicious
intruders from accessing your computers on local network. These functions
include inbound attack prevention, and block outbound traffics, like block
URLs which have pre-defined keywords.
Please follow the following instructions to enable or disable firewall
function:
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, and
the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please select ‘Enable’ or ‘Disable’ to enable or disable firewall function of
this router, the click ‘Apply’ button, and the following message will be
displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
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3-3-1 Access Control
This function allows or denies computers with specific MAC address from
connecting to the network; it can also allow or deny computers with specific
IP address, protocol, or port.
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, then
click ‘Access Control’, and the following message will be displayed on your
web browser:
1
4
10
5
7
12
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable MAC
Filtering :
Check this box to enable MAC address based
filtering, and please select ‘Deny’ or ‘Allow’ to decide
the behavior of MAC filtering table. If you select deny,
all MAC addresses listed in filtering table will be
denied from connecting to the network; if you select
allow, only MAC addresses listed in filtering table will
be able to connect to the network, and rejecting all
other network devices.
Client PC
MAC address :
Please input the MAC address of computer
or network device here, dash ( - ) or colon ( : ) are not
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required. (i.e. If the MAC address label of your wireless
device indicates ‘aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff’ or
‘aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff’, just input ‘aabbccddeeff’
Comment :
You can input any text here as the comment of this MAC
address, like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’ or anything. You
can input up to 16 alphanumerical characters here.
This is optional and you can leave it blank, however, it’s
recommended to use this field to write a comment for
every MAC addresses as a memory aid.
Add :
Click ‘Add’ button to add the MAC address and
associated comment to the MAC address filtering table.
Reset :
Remove all inputted values.
MAC Filtering
All existing MAC addresses in filtering table
Table :
will be listed here.
Delete Selected :
If you want to delete a specific MAC address entry,
check the ‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to
delete, then click ‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can
select more than one MAC addresses).
Delete All :
If you want to delete all MAC addresses listed here,
please click ‘Delete All’ button.
Reset :
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all MAC
addresses.
Enable IP
Check this box to enable IP address based
Filtering Table : filtering, and please select ‘Deny’ or ‘Allow’
to decide the behavior of IP filtering table. If you select
deny, all IP addresses listed in filtering table will be
denied from connecting to the network; if you select
allow, only IP addresses listed in filtering table will be
able to connect to the network, and rejecting all other
network devices.
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IP Filtering
Table :
All existing IP addresses in filtering table will be
listed here.
Add PC :
Click this button to add a new IP address to IP filtering
table, up to 20 IP addresses can be added.
Please refer to section 3-3-1-1 ‘Add PC’ below.
Delete
Selected :
If you want to delete a specific IP address entry,
check the ‘select’ box of the IP address you want to
delete, then click ‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can
select more than one IP addresses).
Delete All :
If you want to delete all IP addresses listed here, please
click ‘Delete All’ button.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
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3-3-1-1 Add PC
After button is clicked, the following message will be displayed on your web
browser:
a
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
f
Client PC
Description:
Client PC IP
address :
Please input any text to describe this IP
address, up to 16 alphanumerical characters.
Please input the starting IP address in the left
field, and input the end IP address in the right field to
define a range of IP addresses, or just input the IP
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address in the left field to define a single IP address.
Client PC
Service :
Please check all services you want to allow or
deny this IP address to use, you can check multiple
services.
Protocol:
If the service you need is not listed above, you can
create a new service on your own. Please select TCP or
UDP, if you’re not sure, please select ‘Both’.
Port Range :
Please input the port range of new service here. If you
want to specify port 80 to 90, please input ’80-90’; if
you want to apply this rule on a single port, just input
the port number, like ‘80’.
Add:
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘Add’ to
save settings, you’ll be brought back to previous menu,
and the rule you just set will appear in current IP
filtering table.
If you want to remove all settings in this page, click ‘Reset’ button.
3-3-2 URL Blocking
If you want to prevent computers in local network from accessing certain
website (like pornography, violence, or anything you want to block), you can
use this function to stop computers in local network from accessing the site
you defined here.
This function is useful for parents and company managers.
Please follow the following instructions to set URL blocking parameters:
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, then
click ‘URL Blocking’, and the following message will be displayed on your
web browser:
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2
3
4
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable URL
Blocking :
Check this box to enforce URL Blocking,
uncheck it to disable URL Blocking.
URL/Keyword :
Input the URL (host name or IP address of website, like
http://www.blocked-site.com or http://11.22.33.44), or
the keyword which is contained in URL (like
pornography, cartoon, stock, or anything).
Add :
Click ‘Add’ button to add the URL / keyword to the URL
/ Keyword filtering table.
Reset :
Click ‘Reset’ to remove the value you inputted in
URL/Keyword field.
Current URL
Blocking Table :
All existing URL/Keywords in filtering
table will be listed here.
Delete Selected :
If you want to delete a specific URL/Keyword entry,
check the ‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to
delete, then click ‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can
select more than one MAC addresses).
Delete All :
If you want to delete all URL/Keyword listed here,
please click ‘Delete All’ button.
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Reset :
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all
URL/Keywords.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
3-3-3 DoS Attack Prevention
Denial of Service (DoS) is a common attack measure, by transmitting a great
amount of data or request to your Internet IP address and server, the Internet
connection will become very slow, and server may stop responding because it
is not capable to handle too much traffics.
This router has a built-in DoS attack prevention mechanism; when you
activate it, the router will stop the DoS attack for you.
Please follow the following instructions to set DoS prevention parameters:
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, then
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click ‘DoS’, and the following message will be displayed on your web
browser:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Ping of Death :
Ping of Death is a special packet, and it will cause
certain computer to stop responding. Check this box
and the router will filter this kind of packet out.
Discard Ping
From WAN :
Ping is a common and useful tool to know
the connection status of a specified remote network
device, but some malicious intruder will try to fill your
network bandwidth with a lot of PING request data
packet, to make your internet connection become very
slow, even unusable. Check this box and the router will
ignore all inbound PING request, but when you activate
this function, you will not be able to ping your own
router from internet, too.
Some malicious intruder will try to use a ‘port scanner’
to know how many ports of your Internet IP address are
open, and they can collect a lot of valuable information
by doing so. Check this box and the router will block all
traffics which are trying to scan your Internet IP
address.
Port Scan :
Sync Flood :
This is another kind of attack, which uses a lot of fake
connection request to consume the memory of your
server, and try to make your server become unusable.
Check this box and the router will filter this kind of
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traffic out.
Advanced
Settings :
Click this button and you can set advanced
settings of the DoS prevention method listed above,
please see section 3-3-3-1 ‘DoS – Advanced Settings’
below.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
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3-3-3-1 DoS - Advanced Settings
When you click ‘Advanced’ button in DoS menu, the following message will
be displayed on your web browser:
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Ping of Death :
Set the threshold of when this DoS prevention
mechanism will be activated. Please check the box of
Ping of Death, and input the frequency of threshold
(how many packets per second, minute, or hour), you
can also input the ‘Burst’ value, which means when this
number of ‘Ping of Death’ packet is received in very
short time, this DoS prevention mechanism will be
activated.
Discard Ping
From WAN:
Check the box to activate this DoS
prevention mechanism.
Port Scan :
Many kind of port scan methods are listed here, please
check one or more DoS attack methods you want to
prevent.
Sync Flood :
Like Ping of Death, you can set the threshold of when
this DoS prevention mechanism will be activated.
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After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
3-3-4 Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) refers to a special area in your local network.
This area resides in local network, and all computers in this area uses private
IP address, too. But these private IP addresses are mapped to a certain
Internet IP address, so other people on Internet can fully access those
computers in DMZ.
Please follow the following instructions to set DMZ parameters:
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, then
click ‘DMZ’, and the following message will be displayed on your web
browser:
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4
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable DMZ :
Check this box to enable DMZ function, uncheck this
box to disable DMZ function.
Public IP
address :
You can select ‘Dynamic IP’ or ‘Static IP’ here.
If you select ‘Dynamic IP’, you have to select an
Internet connection session from dropdown menu; if
you select ‘Static IP’, please input the IP address that
you want to map to a specific private IP address.
Client PC IP
address :
Please input the private IP address that the
Internet IP address will be mapped to.
Add :
Click ‘Add’ button to add the public IP address and
associated private IP address to the DMZ table.
Reset :
Click ‘Clear’ to remove the value you inputted in Public
IP address and Client PC IP address field.
Current
DMZ table :
All existing public IP address and private IP
address mapping will be displayed here.
Delete
Selected :
If you want to delete a specific DMZ entry, check
the ‘select’ box of the DMZ entry you want to delete,
then click ‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can select more
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than one DMZ entries).
Delete All :
If you want to delete all DMZ entries listed here, please
click ‘Delete All’ button.
Reset :
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all DMZ
entries.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other
setup procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will
take effect (Please wait for about 50 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value,
please click ‘Cancel’ button.
3-4 System Status
The functions described here will provide you with system related
information. To enter system status menu, please either click ‘Status’ link
located at the upper-right corner of web management interface, or click
‘Status’ button in main menu.
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3-4-1 System information and firmware version
You can use this function to know the system information and firmware
version of this router.
Please click ‘Status’ link located at the upper-right corner of web
management interface, and the following message will be displayed on your
web browser
NOTE: Information displayed here may vary.
3-4-2 Internet Connection Status
You can use this function to know the status of current Internet connection.
Please click ‘Internet Connection’ menu on the left of web management
interface, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
This information will vary depending on the connection status.
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3-4-3 Device Status
You can use this function to know the status of your router.
Please click ‘Device Status’ menu on the left of web management interface,
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
This information will vary depending on the device status.
3-4-4 System Log
All important system events are logged. You can use this function to check
the event log of your router.
Please click ‘System Log’ menu on the left of web management interface,
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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The system events will be displayed in this page, and here are descriptions of
every buttons:
Save :
Save current event log to a text file.
Clear :
Delete all event logs displayed here.
Refresh :
Refresh the event log display.
3-4-5 Security Log
All information about network and system security is kept here, and you can
use this function to check the security event log of your router.
Please click ‘Security Log’ menu on the left of web management interface,
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
The system events will be displayed in this page, and here are descriptions of
every buttons:
Save :
Save current event log to a text file.
Clear :
Delete all event logs displayed here.
Refresh :
Refresh the event log display.
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3-4-6 Active DHCP client list
If you’re using the DHCP server function of this router, you can use this
function to check all active DHCP leases issued by this router.
Please click ‘Active DHCP client’ menu on the left of web management
interface, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
All information about active DHCP leases issued by this router will be
displayed here. You can click ‘Refresh’ button to display latest information.
3-4-7 Statistics
You can use this function to check the statistics of wireless, LAN, and WAN
interface of this router.
Please click ‘Statistics’ menu on the left of web management interface, and
the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click ‘Refresh’ button to display latest information.
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3-5 Configuration Backup and Restore
You can backup all configurations of this router to a file, so you can make
several copied of router configuration for security reason.
To backup or restore router configuration, please follow the following
instructions:
Please click ‘Tool’ located at the upper-right corner of web management
interface, then click ‘Configuration Tools’ on the left of web management
interface, then the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Here are descriptions of every buttons:
Backup
Settings :
Press ‘Save...’ button, and you’ll be prompted to
download the configuration as a file, default filename is
‘default.bin’, you can please save it as another filename
for different versions, and keep it in a safe place.
Restore
Settings :
Press ‘Browse…’ to pick a previously-saved
configuration file from your computer, and then click
‘Upload’ to transfer the configuration file to router.
After the configuration is uploaded, the router’s
configuration will be replaced by the file you just
uploaded.
Restore to
Factory Default :
Click this button to remove all settings
you made, and restore the configuration of this
router back to factory default settings.
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3-6 Firmware Upgrade
The system software used by this router is called as ‘firmware’, just like any
applications on your computer, when you replace the old application with a
new one, your computer will be equipped with new function. You can also
use this firmware upgrade function to add new functions to your router, even
fix the bugs of this router.
To upgrade firmware, please follow the following instructions:
Please click ‘Tool’ located at the upper-right corner of web management
interface, then click ‘Firmware Upgrade’ on the left of web management
interface, then the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Next’, and the following message will be displayed:
Click ‘Browse’ button first, you’ll be prompted to provide the filename of
firmware upgrade file. Please download the latest firmware file from our
website, and use it to upgrade your router.
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After a firmware upgrade file is selected, click ‘Apply’ button, and the router
will start firmware upgrade procedure automatically. The procedure may take
several minutes, please be patient.
NOTE: Never interrupt the upgrade procedure by closing the web
browser or physically disconnect your computer from router. If the
firmware you uploaded is corrupt, the firmware upgrade will fail, and
you may have to return this router to the dealer of purchase to ask for
help. (Warranty voids if you interrupted the upgrade procedure).
3-7 System Reset
If you think the network performance is bad, or you found the behavior of the
router is strange, you can perform a router reset, sometime it will solve the
problem.
To do so, please click ‘Tool’ located at the upper-right corner of web
management interface, then click ‘Reset’ on the left of web management
interface, then the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Apply’ to reset your router, and it will be available again after
few minutes, please be patient.
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Chapter IV: Appendix
4-1 Hardware Specification
CPU: Ralink RT1310
Switch: Realtek RTL8305SC (5 Port Switch)
Wireless Module: Ralink RT2860+RT2820
Flash: 4MB
SDRAM: 16MB
WAN Port: 10/100M UTP Port x 1
LAN Ports: 10/100M UTP Port x 4
Antenna: RP-SMA Detachable Antenna x 3 (2T3R MIMO Technology)
Power: 12VDC, 1A Switching Power Adapter
Dimension: 192(H) x 115(W) x 29(D) mm
Transmit Power: 16dBm ± 2dBm
Temperature: 32~104°F (0 ~ 40°C)
Humidity: 10-90% (NonCondensing)
Certification: FCC, CE
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4-2 Troubleshooting
If you found the router is working improperly or stop responding to you,
don’t panic! Before you contact your dealer of purchase for help, please read
this troubleshooting first. Some problems can be solved by yourself within
very short time!
Scenario
Router is not
responding to me
when I want to access
it by web browser
Can’t get connected to
Internet
Solution
a. Please check the connection of power cord
and network cable of this router. All cords
and cables should be correctly and firmly
inserted to the router.
b. If all LEDs on this router are out, please
check the status of D/C power adapter, and
make sure it’s correctly powered.
c. You must use the same IP address section
which router uses.
d. Are you using MAC or IP address filter?
Try to connect the router by another
computer and see if it works; if not, please
perform a hard reset (pressing ‘reset’
button).
e. Set your computer to obtain an IP address
automatically (DHCP), and see if your
computer can get an IP address.
f. If you did a firmware upgrade and this
happens, contact your dealer of purchase for
help.
g. If all above solutions don’t work, contact
the dealer of purchase for help.
a. Go to ‘Status’ -> ‘Internet Connection’
menu, and check Internet connection status.
b. Please be patient, sometime Internet is just
that slow.
c. If you connect a computer to Internet
directly before, try to do that again, and
check if you can get connected to Internet
with your computer directly attached to the
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I can’t locate my
router by my wireless
client
File download is very
slow or breaks
frequently
comm. device provided by your Internet
service provider.
d. Check PPPoE / L2TP / PPTP user ID and
password again.
e. Call your Internet service provide and check
if there’s something wrong with their
service.
f. If you just can’t connect to one or more
website, but you can still use other internet
services, please check URL/Keyword filter.
g. Try to reset the router and try again later.
h. Reset the comm. device provided by your
Internet service provider too.
i. Try to use IP address instead of hostname. If
you can use IP address to communicate with
a remote server, but can’t use hostname,
please check DNS setting.
a. ‘Broadcast ESSID’ set to off?
b. All three antennas are properly installed and
secured?
c. Are you too far from your router? Try to get
closer.
d. Please remember that you have to input
ESSID on your wireless client manually, if
ESSID broadcast is disabled.
e. If antenna is not installed, install them now
and never remove them.
a. Are you using QoS function? Try to disable
it and try again.
b. Internet is slow sometimes, be patient.
c. Try to reset the router and see if it’s better
after that.
d. Try to know what computers do on your
local network. If someone’s transferring big
files, other people will think Internet is
really slow.
e. If this never happens before, call you
Internet service provider to know if there is
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something wrong with their network.
I can’t log onto web
a. Make sure you’re connecting to the correct
management interface: IP address of the router!
password is wrong
b. Password is case-sensitive. Make sure the
‘Caps Lock’ light is not illuminated.
c. If you really forget the password, do a hard
reset.
Router become hot
a. This is not a malfunction, if you can keep
your hand on the router’s case.
b. If you smell something wrong or see the
smoke coming out from router or D/C
power adapter, please disconnect the router
and D/C power adapter from utility power
(make sure it’s safe before you’re doing
this!), and call your dealer of purchase for
help.
The date and time of
a. Adjust the internal clock of router.
all event logs are
wrong
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4-3 Glossary
Default Gateway (Router): Every non-router IP device needs to configure a default
gateway’s IP address. When the device sends out an IP packet, if the destination is not on
the same network, the device has to send the packet to its default gateway, which will then
send it out towards the destination.
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This protocol automatically gives every
computer on your home network an IP address.
DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System, which allows Internet
servers to have a domain name (such as www.Broadbandrouter.com) and one or more IP
addresses (such as 192.34.45.8). A DNS server keeps a database of Internet servers and
their respective domain names and IP addresses, so that when a domain name is requested
(as in typing "Broadbandrouter.com" into your Internet browser), the user is sent to the
proper IP address. The DNS server IP address used by the computers on your home
network is the location of the DNS server your ISP has assigned to you.
DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. A DSL modem uses your existing
phone lines to transmit data at high speeds.
Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. Ethernet networks are connected by special
cables and hubs, and move data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second (Mbps).
Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that after there is no traffic to the Internet for a
pre-configured amount of time, the connection will automatically be disconnected.
IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address
consists of a series of four numbers separated by periods, that identifies a single, unique
Internet computer host in an IP network. Example: 192.168.2.1. It consists of 2 portions:
the IP network address, and the host identifier.
The IP address is a 32-bit binary pattern, which can be represented as four cascaded
decimal numbers separated by “.”: aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa, where each “aaa” can be anything
from 000 to 255, or as four cascaded binary numbers separated by “.”:
bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb, where each “b” can either be 0 or 1.
A network mask is also a 32-bit binary pattern, and consists of consecutive leading
1’s followed by consecutive trailing 0’s, such as
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000. Therefore sometimes a network mask can also be
described simply as “x” number of leading 1’s.
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When both are represented side by side in their binary forms, all bits in the IP address that
correspond to 1’s in the network mask become part of the IP network address, and the
remaining bits correspond to the host ID.
For example, if the IP address for a device is, in its binary form,
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000111, and if its network mask is,
11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000
It means the device’s network address is
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000000, and its host ID is,
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000111. This is a convenient and efficient method for
routers to route IP packets to their destination.
ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). The ISP Gateway Address is an IP
address for the Internet router located at the ISP's office.
ISP: Internet Service Provider. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the
Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations.
LAN: Local Area Network. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected
together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). Your home network is
considered a LAN.
MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware
address of a device connected to a network. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a
device with an Ethernet interface. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes of data that
corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer), plus 3 bytes that are
often used as the product’s serial number.
NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your
home network to use one IP address. Using the broadband router’s NAT capability, you
can access the Internet from any computer on your home network without having to
purchase more IP addresses from your ISP.
Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network
application/protocol over another. Below is a list of common applications and
protocol/port numbers:
Application
Protocol Port Number
Telnet
TCP
23
127
FTP
TCP
21
SMTP
TCP
25
POP3
TCP
110
H.323
TCP
1720
SNMP
UCP
161
SNMP Trap
UDP
162
HTTP
TCP
80
PPTP
TCP
1723
PC Anywhere TCP
5631
PC Anywhere UDP
5632
PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure data
transmission method originally created for dial-up connections; PPPoE is for Ethernet
connections. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards, Ethernet and the
Point-to-Point Protocol. It is a communications protocol for transmitting information over
Ethernet between different manufacturers
Protocol: A protocol is a set of rules for interaction agreed upon between multiple parties
so that when they interface with each other based on such a protocol, the interpretation of
their behavior is well defined and can be made objectively, without confusion or
misunderstanding.
Router: A router is an intelligent network device that forwards packets between different
networks based on network layer address information such as IP addresses.
Subnet Mask: A subnet mask, which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided
by your ISP, is a set of four numbers (e.g. 255.255.255.0) configured like an IP address. It
is used to create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as opposed to
valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet, which must be assigned by
InterNIC).
TCP/IP, UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable
Datagram Protocol (UDP). TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the
Internet. Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol. TCP performs proper error
detection and error recovery, and thus is reliable. UDP on the other hand is not reliable.
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They both run on top of the IP (Internet Protocol), a network layer protocol.
WAN: Wide Area Network. A network that connects computers located in geographically
separate areas (e.g. different buildings, cities, countries). The Internet is a wide area
network.
Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a
graphical user interface that is based on the web browser. This means the user can use the
familiar Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to Control/configure or monitor the
device being managed.
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FCC Statement
Federal Communication Commission
Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which
can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to
try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
This device and its antenna must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with
any other antenna or transmitter.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation. Any changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the authority to
operate equipment.
IMPORTANT NOTE: FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an
uncontrolled environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with
minimum distance 20cm between the radiator & your body. This transmitter must
not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
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