VMware VMWARE CLOUD DIRECTOR 1.0 - TECHNICAL NOTE User`s guide

vCloud Director User's Guide
vCloud Director 5.1
This document supports the version of each product listed and
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EN-000818-00
vCloud Director User's Guide
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Contents
vCloud Director User's Guide 7
1 Getting Started with vCloud Director 9
Understanding VMware vCloud Director 9
Log In to the Web Console 10
Using vCloud Director 10
Set Mozilla Firefox Options 11
Set Microsoft Internet Explorer Options 12
Set User Preferences 13
Change Your Password 14
2 Managing Users and Groups 15
Managing Users 15
Working with Groups
19
3 Managing Cloud Resources 21
Managing Virtual Datacenters 21
Managing Organization vDC Networks
Managing Expired Items 34
22
4 Working in an Organization 35
Understanding Leases 35
Set Up an Organization 36
Review Your Organization Profile 38
Modify Your Email Settings 39
Modify Your Organization's Policies 39
Set Default Domain for Organization Virtual Machines 40
Enable Your Organization to Use an SAML Identity Provider 40
Manage Users and Groups in Your Organization 41
Manage Resources in Your Organization 41
Manage Virtual Machines in Your Organization 42
Viewing Organization Log Tasks and Events 42
5 Working with Catalogs 45
Add a New Catalog 45
Access a Catalog 46
Publish a Catalog 46
Share A Catalog 47
Change the Owner of a Catalog 47
Delete a Catalog 48
Modify the Properties of Your Catalog
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Understanding Catalogs and Their Contents 48
Working in Published Catalogs 49
6 Working with Media Files 51
Upload Media Files 51
Resume the Upload of a Media File 52
Copy Media Files to a Catalog 52
Move Media Files to Another Catalog 52
Delete Media Files 53
Modify Media File Properties 53
7 Working with vApp Templates 55
Open a vApp Template 55
Add a vApp Template to My Cloud 56
Download a vApp Template 56
Upload an OVF Package as a vApp Template 57
Resume the Upload of a vApp Template 57
Copy a vApp Template from a Public Catalog to an Organization Catalog
Copy a vApp Template Between an Organization's Catalogs 58
Move a vApp Template Between an Organization's Catalogs 59
Delete a vApp Template 59
Save a vApp as a vApp Template 59
Modify vApp Template Properties 60
58
8 Working with vApps 61
Create a vApp From a vApp Template 62
Create a New vApp 62
Import a Virtual Machine as a vApp 64
About the vApp Placement Engine 64
Copy a vApp 66
Start a vApp 66
Start a vApp with an Older Version of VMware Tools 66
Stop a vApp 67
Suspend a vApp 67
Discard the Suspended State of a vApp 67
Reset a vApp or Virtual Machine 68
View vApp Virtual Machines 68
Add a Virtual Machine to a vApp 68
Import a Virtual Machine to a vApp from vSphere 69
Remove Virtual Machines from a vApp 69
Set vApp Start and Stop Options 70
Working with Networks in a vApp 71
Editing vApp Properties 82
Display a vApp Diagram 84
Change the Owner of a vApp 84
Upgrade the Virtual Hardware Version for a vApp 85
Save vApp as a vApp Template to Your Catalog 85
Create a Snapshot of a vApp 86
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Contents
Revert a vApp to a Snapshot 86
Remove a Snapshot of a vApp 86
Copy a vApp to Another vDC 86
Move a vApp to Another vDC 87
Delete a vApp 87
9 Working with Virtual Machines 89
Open a Virtual Machine Console 90
Power On a Virtual Machine 90
Power Off a Virtual Machine 90
Reset a vApp or Virtual Machine 91
Suspend a Virtual Machine 91
Resume a Suspended Virtual Machine 91
Discard the Suspended State of a Virtual Machine 91
Insert a CD/DVD 92
Eject a CD/DVD 92
Insert a Floppy 92
Eject a Floppy 93
Upgrade the Virtual Hardware Version for a Virtual Machine
Connect Remotely to a Virtual Machine 93
Create a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine 94
Revert a Virtual Machine to a Snapshot 94
Remove a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine 94
Copy or Move a Virtual Machine to a vApp 94
Delete a Virtual Machine 95
Editing Virtual Machine Properties 95
Installing VMware Tools 101
Guest Operating Systems 112
93
Index 123
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vCloud Director User's Guide
The VMware vCloud Director User's Guide provides information about managing organizations, catalogs, vApps,
and virtual machines.
Intended Audience
This book is intended for anyone who wants to set up and configure organizations in
VMware vCloud Director. The information in this book is written for non-system administrators, including
organization administrators who will create and set up vApps, catalogs, and virtual machines.
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Getting Started with vCloud Director
1
When you log in to the vCloud Director Web console, the Home tab provides access to your resources and
links to common tasks.
You can also set your user preferences and view the product help.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Understanding VMware vCloud Director,” on page 9
n
“Log In to the Web Console,” on page 10
n
“Using vCloud Director,” on page 10
n
“Set Mozilla Firefox Options,” on page 11
n
“Set Microsoft Internet Explorer Options,” on page 12
n
“Set User Preferences,” on page 13
n
“Change Your Password,” on page 14
Understanding VMware vCloud Director
®
VMware vCloud Director provides role-based access to a Web console that allows the members of an
organization to interact with the organization's resources to create and work with vApps and virtual machines.
Before you can access your organization, a vCloud Director system administrator must create the organization,
assign it resources, and provide the URL to access the Web console. Each organization includes one or more
organization administrators, who finishes setting up the organization by adding members and setting policies
and preferences. After the organization is set up, non-administrator users can log in to create, use, and manage
virtual machines and vApps.
Organizations
An organization is a unit of administration for a collection of users, groups, and computing resources. Users
authenticate at the organization level, supplying credentials established by an organization administrator
when the user was created or imported. System administrators create and provision organizations, while
organization administrators manage organization users, groups, and catalogs.
Users and Groups
An organization can contain an arbitrary number of users and groups. Users can be created locally by the
organization administrator or imported from a directory service such as LDAP. Groups must be imported from
the directory service. Permissions within an organization are controlled through the assignment of rights and
roles to users and groups.
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Virtual Datacenters
An organization virtual datacenter (vDC) provides resources to an organization. vDCs provide an environment
where virtual systems can be stored, deployed, and operated. They also provide storage for virtual media,
such as floppy disks and CD ROMs. An organization can have multiple vDCs.
Organization vDC Networks
An organization vDC network is contained within a vCloud Director organization vDC and is available to all
the vApps in the organization. An organization vDC network allows vApps within an organization to
communicate with each other. An organization vDC network can be connected to an external network or
isolated and internal to the organization. Only system administrators can create organization vDC networks,
but organization administrators can manage organization vDC networks, including the network services they
provide.
vApp Networks
A vApp network is contained within a vApp and allows virtual machines in the vApp to communicate with
each other. You can connect a vApp network to an organization vDC network to allow the vApp to
communicate with other vApps in the organization and outside of the organization, if the organization vDC
network is connected to an external network.
Catalogs
Organizations use catalogs to store vApp templates and media files. The members of an organization that have
access to a catalog can use the catalog's vApp templates and media files to create their own vApps.
Organizations administrators can copy items from public catalogs to their organization catalog.
Log In to the Web Console
Use the organization URL to log in to your organization and access the Web console.
Contact your organization administrator if you do not know the organization URL.
Procedure
1
In a browser, type the URL of your organization and press Enter.
For example, type https://cloud.example.com/cloud/org/myOrg.
2
Type your user name and password and click Login. .
What to do next
The Web console displays a list of the common tasks and resources available to you based on your role. An
organization administrator can click the Set up this organization link on the Home tab to finish setting up a
newly created organization. See “Set Up an Organization,” on page 36 for more information.
Using vCloud Director
When you log into vCloud Director, the first page you see is the Home page. The information that appears on
this page are the most common tasks for your role.
Organization administrators see the Set up this organization link as their first task. They also see tasks under
these headings.
10
n
Organizations and resources
n
Content
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Chapter 1 Getting Started with vCloud Director
n
Users & Groups
The vApps in your organization are displayed for easy access.
Catalog authors see links to these tasks.
n
Add Cloud Computer System
n
Build new vApp
n
Manage Catalogs
n
New Catalog
vApp authors see links to these tasks.
n
Add Cloud Computer System
n
Build new vApp
vApp users see links to these tasks.
n
Add Cloud Computer System
The vApps in your organization are displayed for easy access.
Console Access Only users have a read-only access to vCloud Director.
Set Mozilla Firefox Options
These options and settings help you display and use the vCloud Director Web console in Mozilla Firefox.
Prerequisites
You have the following.
n
At least Firefox 3.x
n
SSL 3.0 Encryption
n
TLS 1.0 Encryption
Procedure
1
In Firefox, select Tools > Options.
2
Click Content and select the JavaScript check box.
3
Click Privacy.
4
In the Firefox will: drop-down menu, select Use custom settings for history.
5
Select the Accept cookies from sites.
This selection also selects the Accept third-party cookies check box.
6
Click OK.
Bypass the Proxy in Mozilla Firefox
You can configure the Firefox proxy server to bypass certain Web addresses.
If all of these conditions exist, you can configure Firefox to bypass specific Web addresses.
n
The internal network is configured with a proxy server to access the external network.
n
The browser's proxy server connection has no local exceptions.
n
The proxy is not configured to look in the internal network after not finding or connecting to the target
on the external network.
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n
The user looks for a target on the internal network using Firefox.
Procedure
1
Select an option.
Operating System
Action
Windows
Tools > Options
Linux
Edit > Preferences
2
Click the Advanced button.
3
On the Network tab, click the Settings button.
4
Enter the IP of the cell or load balancer in the No Proxy for: field.
The specified Web addresses are bypassed by the Firefox proxy server.
Set Microsoft Internet Explorer Options
These options help you display and use the vCloud Director Web console in Microsoft Internet Explorer.
You have the following.
n
At least Internet Explorer 7.
n
SSL 3.0 Encryption
n
TLS 1.0 Encryption
Procedure
12
1
In Internet Explorer, select Tools > Internet Options.
2
Click the Security tab.
3
Select the Internet content zone for the vCloud Director server.
4
Click Custom Level and select Enable or Prompt for these options.
n
Download signed ActiveX controls
n
Run ActiveX controls and plug-ins
n
Allow META REFRESH
n
Active scripting of Microsoft web browser control
5
Click OK.
6
Click the Advanced tab.
7
If you are using Internet Explorer on Windows 2003, complete these tasks.
a
Select Start > Settings > Control Panel.
b
Select Add or Remove Programs.
c
Click Add/Remove Windows Components.
d
Disable Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration.
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Chapter 1 Getting Started with vCloud Director
Bypass the Proxy in Internet Explorer
You can configure the Internet Explorer proxy server to bypass certain Web addresses.
If all of these conditions exist, you can configure Internet Explorer to bypass specific Web addresses.
n
The internal network is configured with a proxy server to access the external network.
n
The browser's proxy server connection has no local exceptions.
n
The proxy is not configured to look in the internal network after not finding or connecting to the target
on the external network.
n
The user looks for a target on the internal network using Internet Explorer.
Procedure
1
Type the IP address of the cell or load balancer so that VMware Remote Console (VMRC) can bypass the
proxy setting.
2
Select Tools > Internet Options.
3
On the Connections tab, click LAN Settings in the bottom panel.
4
In the Proxy Server panel, click Advanced.
5
In the Exception panel, in the Do not use proxy server for addresses beginning with: text box, type the
IP address of the cell or load balancer.
If the configuration management vehicle supports the use of regular expressions, you must type the DNS
name of the cell or load balancer.
6
Click OK.
The specified Web addresses are bypassed by the Internet Explorer proxy server.
Set User Preferences
You can set certain display and system alert preferences that take effect every time you log in to the system.
You can also change the password for your system administrator account.
Procedure
1
In the title bar of the Web console, click Preferences.
2
Click the Defaults tab.
3
Select the page to display when you log in.
4
Select the number of days or hours before a runtime lease expires that you want to receive an email
notification.
5
Select the number of days or hours before a storage lease expires that you want to receive an email
notification.
6
Click the Change Password tab.
7
(Optional) Type your current password and type your new password twice.
8
Click OK.
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Change Your Password
If you have a local user account, you can change your password.
Procedure
1
Log in to your organization.
2
In the title bar of the Web console, click Preferences.
3
On the Change Password tab, type your current password, type your new password, and retype your
new password.
4
Click OK.
vCloud Director logs you out.
What to do next
Log in using your new password.
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Managing Users and Groups
2
An organization administrator is the only one who can add users and groups to an organization. The
organization administrator assigns each user or group a role within the organization. Your role controls what
you can see and do in vCloud Director.
An organization administrator can create local user accounts within an organization or import users and
groups from an LDAP server. Contact your system administrator to set up an LDAP connection.
These default roles exist in vCloud Director.
Organization
Administrator
Administers the organization
Catalog Author
Creates and publishes new catalogs
vApp Author
Creates vApps and uses catalogs
vApp User
Uses vApps created by others
Console Access Only
Uses virtual machine guest operating systems and shows virtual machine state
and properties
Contact your system administrator to create custom roles.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Managing Users,” on page 15
n
“Working with Groups,” on page 19
Managing Users
The Users page displays a list of users for your organization. You can see whether the users are active, their
role, and whether they are local or LDAP.
As an organization administrator, you can complete these operations.
n
Add a new user
n
Import users from LDAP
n
Send email notifications
n
Deactivate a user
n
Modify a user's properties
n
Delete a user
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Add a Local User
Adding local users allows organization administrators to provide access to users who do not exist on an LDAP
server. You can also add local users if you do not plan to use an LDAP server.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Users.
3
Click the New User button.
4
Type the user name and password.
5
Select a role.
To create a custom role, contact your system administrator.
6
(Optional) Type the contact information.
7
Select the stored and running virtual machine quota limits for this user.
8
Click OK.
The new user appears on the Users page.
Import an LDAP User
Organization administrators can import users from an LDAP server.
Prerequisites
Verify that the LDAP settings for the organization are set up and working. Contact a system administrator to
configure LDAP settings for your organization.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Users.
3
Click the Import Users button.
4
Select a Source to import users from.
If your organization has only an LDAP server or SAML provider configured, the source is read-only.
5
Option
Description
LDAP
Import users from an LDAP server.
a Type a full or partial name in the text box and click Search Users.
b Select the users to import and click Add.
SAML
Import users from your organization's SAML provider. Type the user names
of the users to import and click Add. Separate multiple users with carriage
returns.
Click OK.
vCloud Director imports the selected user from your LDAP server to your organization.
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Chapter 2 Managing Users and Groups
Edit a User
An organization administrator can edit local user properties such as the password, role, contact information,
and quotas. For LDAP users, you can only edit their role and quotas.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Users.
3
Select a user, right-click, and click Properties.
4
Modify the necessary properties and click OK.
Delete a User
If a user leaves the company or moves to another organization, an organization administrator can delete a user
from the organization.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Users .
3
Select a user, right-click, and select Disable Account.
4
Reselect this user, right-click, and select Delete.
5
Click OK .
The user is deleted from your organization.
Send User Notifications
An organization administrator can send an email notification to users to notify them of events or issues in the
organization.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Users.
3
Click the Notify button.
If you select a user and then click this button, the user's name appears as the recipient.
4
Select the recipients and type a subject.
5
Type the message.
6
Click Send Email.
The notification is sent to the selected recipients.
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Delete Users in Lost and Found
If a user in your organization is removed from a group, if their group is disabled/removed in LDAP, or if the
user is deleted/disabled in LDAP, the user appears on the Lost & Found page. An organization administrator
can delete the user from the system and assume ownership of the user's objects (for example vApps and vApp
templates).
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Lost & Found.
3
Right-click a user in the list and click Delete.
4
Click OK.
vCloud Director transfers ownership of the user's objects to you unless you deselect the Transfer user's
objects to me check box.
Disable or Enable User Accounts
An organization administrator can disable a user account to log the user out of the Web console and prevent
the user from logging in again. You can enable a user to allow them to log in.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Users.
3
Select a user, right-click, and select Disable Account or Enable Account.
Disable user accounts have a red circle in the Enabled column and enabled user accounts have a green check
mark.
What to do next
After you disable a user's account, you can delete that user. See “Delete a User,” on page 17
View and Change a User's Role
An organization administrator assigns a role when adding a user to the organization. The organization
administrator can change the user's role later to give the user more rights or fewer rights.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Users.
3
Select a user, right-click, and select Properties.
4
In the User role in organization: drop-down menu, select a new role for the user.
The definition of each role appears as a tool tip.
5
18
Click OK.
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Chapter 2 Managing Users and Groups
Working with Groups
On the Groups page, you can review the list of groups in your organization.
You can see group names and their assigned roles. As an organization administrator, you can import groups
into your organization, delete groups from your organization, and modify the role of a group.
Import a Group
An organization administrator can import LDAP groups or groups from an SAML identity provider to an
organization.
Contact a system administrator to configure LDAP settings for your organization.
Prerequisites
The LDAP settings for the organization must be set up and working or you must have the organization
configured to use an SAML identity server.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Groups.
3
Click the Import Groups button.
4
Select the Source to import from.
If your organization has only an LDAP server or SAML provider configured, the source is read-only.
5
Option
Description
LDAP
Import groups from an LDAP server.
a Type a full or partial name in the text box and click Search Groups.
b Select the groups to import and click Add.
SAML
Import groups from an SAML provider. Type the group name or names and
click Add. Separate multiple groups with carriage returns.
Select a role for the group.
All the users in the group assigned this role.
6
Click OK.
The group is imported in your organization.
Delete a Group
An organization administrator can delete a group to remove it from the organization.
Deleting a group from an organization affects users who are members of the organization based solely on their
membership in the deleted group. These users will not be able to log in to the organization. When you delete
a group from an organization the group still exists in LDAP.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Groups.
3
Select a group, right-click, and select Delete.
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4
Click Yes.
Modify the Role of a Group
An organization administrator can review and modify the role assigned to a group in your organization.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Groups.
3
Select a group, right-click, and select Properties.
4
Select another role for this group.
5
Click OK.
The new role for this group appears in the Groups page.
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Managing Cloud Resources
3
A vCloud Director system administrator creates and assigns virtual datacenters and networks to an
organization. An organization administrator can view information about these resources and perform a limited
set of management tasks. Contact your system administrator if you need more organization virtual datacenters
or organization vDC networks..
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Managing Virtual Datacenters,” on page 21
n
“Managing Organization vDC Networks,” on page 22
n
“Managing Expired Items,” on page 34
Managing Virtual Datacenters
Virtual datacenters (vDCs) provide processor, memory, and storage resources to your organization. They are
assigned to your organization by your system administrator. An organization can have multiple vDCs.
Display Virtual Datacenters
When you display the vDCs in your organization, you can monitor the resources, users, and policy settings
that you manage.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Cloud Resources > Virtual Datacenters.
A list of vDCs in your organization appears in the right pane.
3
For details about a vDC, right-click, and select Open.
The vApps, vApp templates, media, and networks attached to this vDC are displayed. When you click
through each tab, you can right click on an object to see the operations you can complete.
Review Virtual Datacenter Properties
You can review the properties of the vDCs that are assigned to your organization.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
Select Cloud Resources > Virtual Datacenters.
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3
Select a vDC, right-click, and select Properties.
4
Review the properties and click OK.
What to do next
To modify your organizational vDCs, contact your system administrator.
Monitor Your Virtual Datacenter
You can monitor the vDC assigned to your organization and determine when to request additional capacity.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
Select Cloud Resources > Virtual Datacenters.
3
Click the Monitor button.
Details about the processor, memory, storage, and allocation model appear.
What to do next
Contact your system administrator for more capacity.
Manage Your Virtual Datacenters
You can review information such as the status, allocation model, and the number of vApps in a vDC in your
organization.
You are an organization administrator
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Cloud Resources > Virtual Datacenters.
3
Click the Manage button.
4
Review the information.
What to do next
You can open the vDC to see the objects in it, notify users about issues or changes, or review the vDCs
properties. Contact your system administrator to make changes to your vDC.
Managing Organization vDC Networks
Organization vDC networks are created and assigned to your organization vDC by a system administrator.
An organization administrator can view information about networks, configure network services, and more.
You can use direct, routed, or internal organization vDC networks.
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Chapter 3 Managing Cloud Resources
Table 3-1. Types of Organization vDC Networks
Organization vDC Network Type
Description
Direct
Accessible by multiple organizations. Virtual machines belonging to different
organizations can connect to and see traffic on this network.
This network provides direct layer 2 connectivity to virtual machines outside of
the organization. Virtual machines outside of this organization can connect to
virtual machines in the organization directly.
Routed
Accessible only by this organization. Only virtual machines in this organization
can connect to this network.
This network also provides controlled access to an external network. System
administrators and organization administrators can configure network address
translation (NAT), firewall, and VPN settings to make specific virtual machines
accessible from the external network.
Internal
Accessible only by this organization. Only virtual machines in this organization
can connect to and see traffic on this network.
This network provides an organization with an isolated, private network that
multiple vApps can connect to. This network provides no connectivity to
machines outside this organization. Machines outside of this organization have
no connectivity to machines in the organization.
Configuring Oganization vDC Network Services
An organization administrator can configure services, such as DHCP, firewalls, network address translation
(NAT), VPN, and static routing for certain organization vDC networks.
The network services available depend on the type of organization vDC network.
Table 3-2. Network Services Available by Network Type
Organization vDC Network
Type
DHCP
Firewall
NAT
VPN
Static Routing
Routed
X
X
X
X
X
Internal
X
Direct
Configure DHCP for an Organization vDC Network
Organization administrators can configure certain organization vDC networks to provide DHCP services to
virtual machines in the organization.
When you power on a virtual machine with the following configuration, vCloud Director assigns a DHCP IP
address to that virtual machine.
n
A NIC connected to an organization vDC network that has DHCP enabled.
n
The IP mode for the connected NIC set to DHCP.
Prerequisites
Verify that you have a routed organization vDC network or an internal organization vDC network.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Click the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name and select Configure
Services.
3
Select Enable DHCP.
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4
Type a range of IP addresses or use the default range.
vCloud Director uses these addresses to satisfy DHCP requests. The range of DHCP IP addresses cannot
overlap with the static IP pool for the organization vDC network.
5
Set the default lease time and maximum lease time or use the default values.
6
Click OK.
vCloud Director updates the network to provide DHCP services.
Configure the Firewall for an Organization vDC Network
An organization administrator can configure certain organization vDC networks to provide firewall services.
Enable the firewall on an organization vDC network to enforce firewall rules on incoming traffic, outgoing
traffic, or both.
When you enable the firewall, you can specify a default firewall action to deny all incoming and outgoing
traffic or to allow all incoming and outgoing traffic. You can also add specific firewall rules to allow or deny
traffic that matches the rules to pass through the firewall. These rules take precedence over the default firewall
action. See “Add a Firewall Rule to an Organization vDC Network,” on page 24.
If a system administrator specified syslog server settings and those settings were applied to the organization
vDC network, then you can log events related to the default firewall action. For information about applying
syslog server settings, see “Apply Syslog Server Settings to an Organization vDC Network,” on page 33. To
view the current syslog server settings see “View Syslog Server Settings for an Organization vDC Network,”
on page 33.
Prerequisites
Verify that a routed organization vDC network is in place.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Click the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name, and select Configure
Services.
3
Click the Firewall tab and select Enable firewall to enable firewall services, or deselect it to disable firewall
services.
4
Select the default firewall action.
Option
Description
Deny
Blocks all traffic except when overridden by a firewall rule.
Allow
Allows all traffic except when overridden by a firewall rule.
5
(Optional) Select the Log check box to log events related to the default firewall action.
6
Click OK.
Add a Firewall Rule to an Organization vDC Network
An organization administrator can add firewall rules to an organization vDC network that supports a firewall.
You can create rules to allow or deny traffic that matches the rules to pass through the firewall.
When you add a new firewall rule to an organization vDC network, it appears at the bottom of the firewall
rule list. For information about how to set the order in which firewall rules are enforced, see “Reorder Firewall
Rules for an Organization vDC Network,” on page 26.
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If a system administrator specified syslog server settings and those settings have been applied to the
organization vDC network, then you can log firewall rule events. For information about applying syslog server
settings, see “Apply Syslog Server Settings to an Organization vDC Network,” on page 33. To view the current
syslog server settings see “View Syslog Server Settings for an Organization vDC Network,” on page 33.
Prerequisites
Verify that you have a routed organization vDC network and enable the firewall for the organization vDC
network. See “Configure the Firewall for an Organization vDC Network,” on page 24
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
On the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name and select Configure
Services.
3
Click the Firewall tab and click Add.
4
Type a name for the rule.
5
(Optional) Select Match rule on translated IP to have the rule check against translated IP addresses rather
than original IP addresses and choose a traffic direction to apply this rule on.
6
Type the traffic Source.
Option
Description
IP address
Type a source IP address to apply this rule on.
Range of IP addresses
Type a range of source IP addresses to apply this rule on.
CIDR
Type the CIDR notation of traffic to apply this rule on.
internal
Apply this rule to all internal traffic.
external
Apply this rule to all external traffic.
any
Apply this rule to traffic from any source.
7
Select a Source port to apply this rule on from the drop-down menu.
8
Type the traffic Destination.
Option
Description
IP address
Type a destination IP address to apply this rule on.
Range of IP addresses
Type a range of destination IP addresses to apply this rule on.
CIDR
Type the CIDR notation of traffic to apply this rule on.
internal
Apply this rule to all internal traffic.
external
Apply this rule to all external traffic.
any
Apply this rule to traffic with any destination.
9
Select the Destination port to apply this rule on from the drop-down menu.
10
Select the Protocol to apply this rule on from the drop-down menu.
11
Select the action.
A firewall rule can allow or deny traffic that matches the rule.
12
Select the Enabled check box.
13
(Optional) Select the Log network traffic for firewall rule check box.
If you enable this option, vCloud Director sends log events to the syslog server for connections affected
by this rule. Each syslog message includes logical network and organization UUIDs.
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14
Click OK and click OK again.
Reorder Firewall Rules for an Organization vDC Network
Firewall rules are enforced in the order in which they appear in the firewall list. An organization administrator
can change the order of the rules in the list.
When you add a firewall rule to an organization vDC network, the new rule appears at the bottom of the
firewall rule list. To enforce the new rule before an existing rule, reorder the rules.
Prerequisites
Verify that a routed organization vDC network with two or more firewall rules is in place.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Click the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name, and select Configure
Services.
3
Click the Firewall tab.
4
Drag the firewall rules to establish the order in which the rules are applied.
5
Click OK.
Enable VPN for an Organization vDC Network
An organization administrator can enable VPN for an organization vDC network, then create a secure tunnel
to another network.
vCloud Director supports VPN between organization vDC networks in the same organization and remote
networks.
Prerequisites
Verify that the following items are in place.
n
A routed organization vDC network.
n
vShield Manager 5.1.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Click the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name, and select Configure
Services.
3
Click the VPN tab and select Enable VPN.
4
(Optional) Type a public IP address.
5
Click OK.
What to do next
Create a VPN tunnel to another network.
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Create a VPN Tunnel In an Organization
An organization administrator can create a VPN tunnel between two organizations vDC networks in the same
organization.
If the tunnel endpoints have a firewall between them, configure the firewall to allow the following IP protocols
and UDP ports:
n
IP Protocol ID 50 (ESP)
n
IP Protocol ID 51 (AH)
n
UDP Port 500 (IKE)
n
UDP Port 4500
Prerequisites
Verify that the following items are in place.
n
At least two routed organization vDC networks with nonoverlapping IP subnets and VPN enabled on
both networks.
n
vShield Manager 5.1.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Click the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name, and select Configure
Services.
3
Click the VPN tab and click Add.
4
Type a name and optional description.
5
Select a network in this organization from the drop-down menu and select a peer network.
6
Review the tunnel settings and click OK.
vCloud Director configures both peer network endpoints.
Create a VPN Tunnel Between Organizations
An organization administrator can create a VPN tunnel between two organization vDC networks in different
organizations. The organizations can be part of the same vCloud Director installation or a different installation.
If the tunnel endpoints have a firewall between them, you must configure it to allow the following IP protocols
and UDP ports:
n
IP Protocol ID 50 (ESP)
n
IP Protocol ID 51 (AH)
n
UDP Port 500 (IKE)
n
UDP Port 4500
Prerequisites
n
A routed organization vDC network in each of the organizations. The organization vDC networks must
have nonoverlapping IP subnets and site-to-site VPN enabled.
n
vShield Manager 5.1.
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Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Click the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name, and select Configure
Services.
3
Click the VPN tab and click Add.
4
Type a name and optional description.
5
Select a network in another organization from the drop-down menu.
6
Click Connect to another organization, type the login information for the peer organization, and click
Continue.
Option
Description
vCloud URL
Base URL of the vCloud instance that contains the peer organization. For
example, https://www.example.com. Do not include /cloud
or /cloud/org/orgname in the URL.
Organization
Organization name that is used as the unique identifier in the organization
URL. For example, if the organization URL is
https://www.example.com/cloud/org/myOrg, type myOrg.
Username
User name of an organization administrator or system administrator that has
access to the organization.
Password
Password associated with the user name.
7
Select a peer network.
8
Review the tunnel settings and click Connect.
vCloud Director configures both peer network endpoints.
Create a VPN Tunnel to a Remote Network
An organization administrator can create a VPN tunnel between an organization vDC network and a remote
network.
If the tunnel endpoints have a firewall between them, configure it to allow the following IP protocols and UDP
ports:
n
IP Protocol ID 50 (ESP)
n
IP Protocol ID 51 (AH)
n
UDP Port 500 (IKE)
n
UDP Port 4500
Prerequisites
Verify that the following items are in place.
n
A routed organization vDC network and a routed remote network that uses IPSec.
n
vShield Manager 5.1.
Procedure
28
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Select Cloud Resources > Networks.
3
Click the Organization vDC Network tab, right-click the organization vDC network name, and select
Configure Services.
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4
Click the VPN tab and click Add.
5
Type a name and optional description.
6
Select a remote network from the drop-down menu.
7
Type the peer settings.
8
Review the tunnel settings and click OK.
vCloud Director configures the organization peer network endpoint.
What to do next
Manually configure the remote peer network endpoint.
Enable Static Routing for an Organization vDC Network
An organization administrator can configure certain organization vDC networks to provide static routing
services. After you enable static routing on an organization vDC network, you can add static routes to allow
traffic between different vApp networks routed to the organization vDC network.
Prerequisites
Verify that a routed organization vDC network is in place.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
Select Cloud Resources > Networks.
3
Right-click the organization vDC network name and select Configure Services.
4
On the Static Routing tab, select Enable static routing and click OK.
What to do next
Create static routes.
Add Static Routes Between vApp Networks Routed to the Same Organization vDC
Network
An organization administrator can add static routes between two vApp networks that are routed to the same
organization vDC network. Static routes allow traffic between the networks.
You cannot add static routes between overlapping networks or fenced vApps. After you add a static route to
an organization vDC network, configure the network firewall rules to allow traffic on the static route. For
vApps with static routes, select the Always use assigned IP addresses until this vApp or associated networks
are deleted check box.
Static routes only function when the vApps included in the routes are running. If you change the parent
network of a vApp, delete a vApp, or delete a vApp network, and the vApp includes static routes, those routes
cannot function and you must remove them manually.
Prerequisites
Verify that the following conditions are met.
n
vShield Manager 5.1 is installed.
n
A routed organization vDC network is in place.
n
Static routing is enabled on the organization vDC network.
n
Two vApp networks are routed to the organization vDC network.
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n
The vApp networks are in vApps that were started at least once.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
Select Cloud Resources > Networks.
3
Right-click the organization vDC network name and select Configure Services.
4
Click the Static Routing tab and click Add.
5
Type a name, network address, and next hop IP address.
The network address is for the first vApp network to which you want to add a static route. The next hop
IP address is the external IP address of that vApp network's router.
6
Select Within this network, and click OK.
7
Click OK.
8
Repeat Step 4 through Step 7 to add a route to the second vApp network.
Example: Static Routing Example
vApp Network 1 and vApp Network 2 are both routed to Org Network Shared. You can create static routes
on the organization vDC network to allow traffic between the vApp networks. You can use information about
the vApp networks to create the static routes.
Table 3-3. Network Information
Network Name
Network Specification
Router External IP Address
vApp Network 1
192.168.1.0/24
192.168.0.100
vApp Network 2
192.168.2.0/24
192.168.0.101
Org Network Shared
192.168.0.0/24
NA
On Org Network Shared, create a static route to vApp Network 1 and another static route to vApp Network
2.
Table 3-4. Static Routing Settings
Static Route to
Network
Route Name
Network
Next Hop IP Address
Route
vApp Network 1
tovapp1
192.168.1.0/24
192.168.0.100
In this network
vApp Network 2
tovapp2
192.168.2.0/24
192.168.0.101
In this network
What to do next
Create firewall rules to allow traffic on the static routes.
Add Static Routes Between vApp Networks Routed to Different Organization vDC
Networks
An organization administrator can add static routes between two vApp networks that are routed to different
organization vDC networks. Static routes allow traffic between the networks.
You cannot add static routes between overlapping networks or fenced vApps. After you add a static route to
an organization vDC network, configure the network firewall rules to allow traffic on the static route. For
vApps with static routes, select the Always use assigned IP addresses until this vApp or associated networks
are deleted check box.
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Static routes only function when the vApps included in the routes are running. If you change the parent
network of a vApp, delete a vApp, or delete a vApp network, and the vApp includes static routes, those routes
cannot function and you must remove them manually.
Prerequisites
Verify that you have the following items:
n
vShield Manager 5.1.
n
Two organization vDC networks routed to the same external network.
n
Static routing is enabled on both organization vDC networks.
n
A vApp network is routed to each organization vDC network.
n
The vApp networks are in vApps that were started at least once.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Click the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name, and select Configure
Services.
3
Click the Static Routing tab and click Add.
4
Type a name, network address, and next hop IP address.
The network address is for the vApp network to which you want to add a static route. The next hop IP
address is the external IP address of the router for the organization vDC network to which that vApp
network is routed.
5
Select To external network and click OK.
6
Click Add.
7
Type a name, network address, and next hop IP address.
The network address is for the vApp network that is routed to this organization vDC network. The next
hop IP address is the external IP address of the router for that vApp network.
8
Select Within this network and click OK.
9
Repeat Step 2 through Step 8 to add static routes to the second organization vDC network.
Example: Static Routing Example
vApp Network 1 is routed to Org vDC Network 1. vApp Network 2 is routed to Org vDC Network 2. You can
create static routes on the organization vDC networks to allow traffic between the vApp networks. You can
use information about the vApp networks and organization vDC networks to create the static routes.
Table 3-5. Network Information
Network Name
Network Specification
Router External IP Address
vApp Network 1
192.168.1.0/24
192.168.0.100
vApp Network 2
192.168.11.0/24
192.168.10.100
Org vDC Network 1
192.168.0.0/24
10.112.205.101
Org vDC Network 2
192.168.10.0/24
10.112.205.100
On Org vDC Network 1, create a static route to vApp Network 2 and another static route to vApp Network 1.
On Org vDC Network 2, create a static route to vApp Network 1 and another static route to vApp Network 2.
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Table 3-6. Static Routing Settings for Org vDC Network 1
Static Route to
Network
Route Name
Network
Next Hop IP Address
Route
vApp Network 2
tovapp2
192.168.11.0/24
10.112.205.100
To external network
vApp Network 1
tovapp1
192.168.1.0/24
192.168.0.100
Within this network
Table 3-7. Static Routing Settings for Org vDC Network 2
Static Route to
Network
Route Name
Network
Next Hop IP Address
Route
vApp Network 1
tovapp1
192.168.1.0/24
10.112.205.101
To external network
vApp Network 2
tovapp2
192.168.11.0/24
192.168.10.100
Within this network
What to do next
Create firewall rules to allow traffic on the static routes.
Reset an Organization vDC Network
If the network services, such as DHCP settings, firewall settings, and so on, that are associated with an
organization vDC network are not working as expected, reset the network.
No network services are available while an organization vDC network resets.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that you have an external NAT-routed organization vDC network or an internal organization
network.
n
Verify that you have organization administrator privileges.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Right-click an organization vDC network, and select Reset Network.
3
Click Yes.
View IP Use for an Organization vDC Network
You can view a list of the IP addresses from an organization vDC network IP pool that are currently in use.
Prerequisites
Verify that you are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Right-clicki an organization vDC network, and select IP Allocations.
Add IP Addresses to an Organization vDC Network IP Pool
If an organization vDC network is running out of IP addresses, you can add more addresses to its IP pool.
You are an organization administrator.
You cannot add IP addresses to external organization vDC networks that have a direct connection.
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Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Right-click an organization vDC network and select Properties.
3
On the Network Specification tab, type an IP address or a range of IP addresses in the text box and click
Add.
4
Click OK.
View vApps and vApp Templates That Use an Organization vDC Network
You can view a list of the all the vApps and vApp templates that include virtual machines with a NIC connected
to an organization vDC network.
Prerequisites
Verify that you are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Right-click an organization vDC network and select Connected vApps.
3
Click OK.
View Syslog Server Settings for an Organization vDC Network
You can view the syslog server settings for a routed organization vDC network.
vCloud Director supports logging events related to firewall rules to a syslog server specified by a system
administrator.
If an organization vDC network does not have any syslog server settings and you think it should, or if the
settings are not what you expected, then you can synchronize the network with the current syslog server
settings. See “Apply Syslog Server Settings to an Organization vDC Network,” on page 33. If a problem still
exists after you synchronize, contact your system administrator.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that an external NAT-routed organization vDC network exists.
n
Verify that you are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Click the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name, and select Properties.
3
Click the Syslog Server Settings tab.
Apply Syslog Server Settings to an Organization vDC Network
You apply syslog server settings to a routed organization vDC network to enable firewall rule logging.
Only a system administrator can specify syslog server settings. Apply those settings to any organization vDC
network that was created before the system administrator specified them. Also, apply the syslog server settings
to an organization vDC network whenever a system administrator changes the settings.
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Prerequisites
Verify that an external NAT-routed organization vDC network is in place.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration and select the organization vDC.
2
Click the Org vDC Networks tab, right-click the organization vDC network name, and select Synchronize
syslog server settings.
3
Click Yes.
Managing Expired Items
When vApps or vApp templates expire, you can determine whether you want to renew or delete them.
Manage Expired vApps
You can display a list of expired vApps, delete them, or restore them to your organization.
You are an organization administrator.
The organization policy for what to do when a vApp storage lease expires is set to Move to Expired Items. See
“Configure Organization Lease, Quota, and Limit Settings,” on page 38.
Procedure
1
Select My Cloud > Expired Items.
2
On the Expired vApps tab, review the list of expired vApps.
3
Right-click a vApp and select Delete or Renew and click Yes.
If you selected Delete, the vApp is deleted from the list. If you selected Renew, the restored vApp appears on
the vApps page.
Manage Expired vApp Templates
You can display a list of expired vApp templates and delete them or restore them to your organization.
You are an organization administrator.
The organization policy for what to do when a vApp template storage lease expires is set to Move to Expired
Items. See “Configure Organization Lease, Quota, and Limit Settings,” on page 38.
Procedure
1
Select My Cloud > Expired Items.
2
Click the Expired vApp Templates tab.
3
Right-click on a vApp template, select Delete or Renew, and click Yes.
If you selected Delete, the vApp template is deleted from the list. If you selected Renew, the vApp template
is restored to its catalog.
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Working in an Organization
4
Most operations in vCloud Director occur in an organization. The system administrator creates the
organization and assigns an organization administrator to it.
The system administrator emails the URL of the organization to the organization administrator, who can log
in to the organization and set it up. In the Home page the organization administrator clicks the Set up the
Organization link to assign resources and manage a variety of operations on the organization.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Understanding Leases,” on page 35
n
“Set Up an Organization,” on page 36
n
“Review Your Organization Profile,” on page 38
n
“Modify Your Email Settings,” on page 39
n
“Modify Your Organization's Policies,” on page 39
n
“Set Default Domain for Organization Virtual Machines,” on page 40
n
“Enable Your Organization to Use an SAML Identity Provider,” on page 40
n
“Manage Users and Groups in Your Organization,” on page 41
n
“Manage Resources in Your Organization,” on page 41
n
“Manage Virtual Machines in Your Organization,” on page 42
n
“Viewing Organization Log Tasks and Events,” on page 42
Understanding Leases
Creating an organization involves specifying leases. Leases provide a level of control over an organization's
storage and compute resources by specifying the maximum amount of time that vApps can be running and
that vApps and vApp templates can be stored.
The goal of a runtime lease is to prevent inactive vApps from consuming compute resources. For example, if
a user starts a vApp and goes on vacation without stopping it, the vApp continues to consume resources.
A runtime lease begins when a user starts a vApp. When a runtime lease expires, vCloud Director stops the
vApp.
The goal of a storage lease is to prevent unused vApps and vApp templates from consuming storage resources.
A vApp storage lease begins when a user stops the vApp. Storage leases do not affect running vApps. A vApp
template storage lease begins when a user adds the vApp template to a vApp, adds the vApp template to a
workspace, downloads, copies, or moves the vApp template.
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When a storage lease expires, vCloud Director marks the vApp or vApp template as expired, or deletes the
vApp or vApp template, depending on the organization policy you set.
For more information about specifying lease settings, see “Configure Organization Lease, Quota, and Limit
Settings,” on page 38.
Users can configure email notification to receive a message before a runtime or storage lease expires. See “Set
User Preferences,” on page 13 for information about lease expiration preferences.
Set Up an Organization
After you receive the URL of your organization from the system administrator, you must set it up. On the
vCloud Director Home page, click Set up this organization.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Change the Organization Full Name on page 36
You can change the full name of an organization. This name appears in the Cloud Director application
header when users log in.
2
Import Users and Groups on page 37
You can add users and groups from an LDAP or SAML server to the organization and assign them a role
within the organization.
3
Add Local Users to the Organization on page 37
Every organization should have at least one local organization administrator account, so that users can
log in even if the LDAP and SAML services are unavailable.
4
Configure Email Preferences on page 37
vCloud Director requires an SMTP server to send user notification and system alert emails. An
organization can use the system email settings or use its own email settings.
5
Configure Organization Lease, Quota, and Limit Settings on page 38
Leases, quotas, and limits constrain the ability of organization users to consume storage and processing
resources. Use these settings to prevent users from depleting or monopolizing an organization's
resources.
Change the Organization Full Name
You can change the full name of an organization. This name appears in the Cloud Director application header
when users log in.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
36
1
On Name this Organization page, in the Organization full name, type the new full name.
2
(Optional) Type a description of the organization.
3
Click Next.
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Chapter 4 Working in an Organization
Import Users and Groups
You can add users and groups from an LDAP or SAML server to the organization and assign them a role within
the organization.
Prerequisites
Verify that your organization has a valid connection to an LDAP or SAML server.
Procedure
1
Click Import.
2
Select the type of server to import from.
3
Type a full or partial name of a user or group and click Search.
4
Select the users or groups to import and click Add.
5
Select a role for the users and groups and click OK.
6
Click Next.
Add Local Users to the Organization
Every organization should have at least one local organization administrator account, so that users can log in
even if the LDAP and SAML services are unavailable.
Procedure
1
Click Add.
2
Type a user name and password.
3
Assign a role to the user.
4
(Optional) Type the contact information for the user.
5
Select Unlimited or type a user quota for stored and running virtual machines and click OK.
These quotas limit the user's ability to consume storage and compute resources in the organization.
6
Click Next.
Configure Email Preferences
vCloud Director requires an SMTP server to send user notification and system alert emails. An organization
can use the system email settings or use its own email settings.
Procedure
1
VMware, Inc.
Select an SMTP server option.
Option
Description
Use system default SMTP server
The organization uses the system SMTP server.
Set organization SMTP server
The organization uses its own SMTP server. Type the DNS host name or IP
address and port number of the SMTP server. (Optional) Select the Requires
authentication check box and type a user name and password.
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2
Select a notification settings option.
Option
Description
Use system default notification
settings
The organization uses the system notification settings.
Set organization notification
settings
The organization uses its own notification settings. Type an email address
that appears as the sender for organization emails, type text to use as the
subject prefix for organization emails, and select the recipients for
organization emails.
3
(Optional) Type a destination email address and click Test Email Settings to verify that all SMTP server
settings are configured as expected.
4
Click Next.
Configure Organization Lease, Quota, and Limit Settings
Leases, quotas, and limits constrain the ability of organization users to consume storage and processing
resources. Use these settings to prevent users from depleting or monopolizing an organization's resources.
For more information about leases, see “Understanding Leases,” on page 35.
Procedure
1
Select the lease options for vApps and vApp templates.
Leases provide a level of control over an organization's storage and compute resources by specifying the
maximum amount of time that vApps can run and that vApps and vApp templates can be stored. You
can also specify what happens to vApps and vApp templates when their storage lease expires.
2
Select the quotas for running and stored virtual machines.
Quotas determine how many virtual machines each user in the organization can store and power on in
the organization's virtual datacenters. The quotas that you specify act as the default for all new users added
to the organization.
3
Select the limits for resource intensive operations.
Certain vCloud Director operations, for example copy and move, are more resource intensive than others.
Limits prevent resource intensive operations from affecting all the users in an organization and also
provide a defense against denial-of-service attacks.
4
Select the number of simultaneous VMware Remote Console connections for each virtual machine.
You might want to limit the number of simultaneous connections for performance or security reasons.
NOTE This setting does not affect Virtual Network Computing (VNC) or Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)
connections.
5
(Optional) Select the Account lockout enabled check box, select the number of invalid logins to accept
before locking a user account, and select the lockout interval.
6
Click Next.
Review Your Organization Profile
You can review and modify some of the information in your organization's profile
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
38
Click Administration.
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2
In the left pane, select Settings > General.
3
You can complete these operations.
4
n
Review your organization's default URL.
n
Modify your organization's full name.
n
Type a description.
Click Apply.
Modify Your Email Settings
You can review and modify the default email settings that were set when the system administrator created
your organization.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Settings > Email.
3
Select an SMTP server option.
4
Option
Description
Use system default SMTP server
The organization uses the system SMTP server.
Set organization SMTP server
The organization uses its own SMTP server. Type the DNS host name or IP
address and port number of the SMTP server. (Optional) Select the Requires
authentication check box and type a user name and password.
Select a notification settings option.
Option
Description
Use system default notification
settings
The organization uses the system notification settings.
Set organization notification
settings
The organization uses its own notification settings. Type an email address
that appears as the sender for organization emails, type text to use as the
subject prefix for organization emails, and select the recipients for
organization emails.
5
(Optional) Type a destination email address and click Test Email Settings to verify that all SMTP server
settings are configured as expected.
6
Click Apply.
Modify Your Organization's Policies
You can review and modify the default policies that were set by the system administrator when your
organization was created.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Settings > Policies.
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3
Select the lease options for vApps and vApp templates.
Leases provide a level of control over an organization's storage and compute resources by specifying the
maximum amount of time that vApps can be running and that vApps and vApp templates can be stored.
You can also specify what happens to vApps and vApp templates when their storage lease expires.
4
Select the quotas for running and stored virtual machines.
Quotas determine how many virtual machines each user in the organization can store and power on in
the organization's virtual datacenters. The quotas you specify act as the default for all new users added
to the organization.
5
Select the limits for resource intensive operations.
Certain vCloud Director operations, for example copy and move, are more resource intensive than others.
Limits prevent resource intensive operations from affecting all the users in an organization and also
provide a defense against denial-of-service attacks.
6
Select the number of simultaneous VMware Remote Console connections for each virtual machine.
You may want to limit the number of simultaneous connections for performance or security reasons.
NOTE This setting does not affect Virtual Network Computing (VNC) or Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)
connections.
7
(Optional) Select the Account lockout enabled check box, select the number of invalid logins to accept
before locking a user account, and select the lockout interval.
8
Click Apply.
Set Default Domain for Organization Virtual Machines
You can set a default domain which virtual machines created in your organization can join. Virtual machines
can always join a domain for which they have credentials, regardless of whether or not you specify a default
domain.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Settings > Guest Personalization.
3
Select the Enable domain join for virtual machines in this organization.
4
Type the domain name, domain user name, domain password.
These credentials apply to a regular domain user, not a domain administrator.
5
Click Apply.
Enable Your Organization to Use an SAML Identity Provider
Enable your organization to use an SAML identity provider, also called single sign-on, to import users and
groups from an SAML identity provider and allow imported users to sign on to the organization with the
credentials established in the SAML identity provider.
Prerequisites
40
n
Verify that you are logged in as a system or organization administrator.
n
Verify that you have access to an OpenAM or Active Directory Federation Services SAML identity
provider.
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n
Create an XML file with the following metadata from your SAML identity provider.
n
The location of the single sign-on service
n
The location of the single logout service
n
The location of the service's X.509 certificate
For information on configuring and acquiring metadata from an OpenAM or Active Directory Federation
Services SAML provider, consult the documentation for your SAML provider.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Settings > Federation.
3
Select Use SAML Identity Provider.
4
Copy and paste the SAML provider metadata XML into the text box or click Browse to upload the metadata
XML file.
5
Click Apply.
What to do next
n
Configure your SAML provider with vCloud Director metadata. See your SAML provider's
documentation and the vCloud Director Installation and Upgrade Guide.
n
Configure your SAML provider to provide tokens with the following attribute mappings.
n
n
email address = "EmailAddress"
n
user name = "UserName"
n
full name = "FullName"
n
user's groups = "Groups"
Import users and groups from your SAML provider. See “Import an LDAP User,” on page 16 and “Import
a Group,” on page 19.
Manage Users and Groups in Your Organization
You can manage the roles and rights that users and groups have in your organization.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, select Members > Users or Members > Groups.
You can modify properties or roles.
3
Right-click the user or group and select Properties.
4
Make the necessary changes and click OK.
Your user or group settings are updated. See also Chapter 2, “Managing Users and Groups,” on page 15
Manage Resources in Your Organization
You must monitor and manage the resources you add to your organization.
You are an organization administrator.
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Procedure
1
Click Administration.
2
In the left pane, under Cloud Resources, select Virtual Datacenters.
The vDCs in your organization appear in the right pane. See also Chapter 3, “Managing Cloud Resources,” on
page 21
Manage Virtual Machines in Your Organization
You can manage virtual machines in your organization. Virtual machines provide access to vCloud Director
operations at the virtual machine console level.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, select VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
Modify the relevant properties in each of the tabs and click OK.
What to do next
For more information on managing virtual machines, see Chapter 9, “Working with Virtual Machines,” on
page 89.
Viewing Organization Log Tasks and Events
You can view tasks and events in your organization to monitor and audit vCloud Directory activities.
vCloud Director tasks are long-running operations and their status changes as the task progresses. For example,
a task's status generally starts as Running. When the task finishes, its status changes to Successful or Error.
vCloud Director events are one-time occurrence that indicate an important part of an operation or a significant
state change for a vCloud Director object. vCloud Director also logs an event every time a user logs in, and
notes whether the attempt was successful or not.
View Organization Events
You can view the log for an organization to monitor organization-level events. Failed events and view events
are listed by user.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click Logs.
3
Click the Events tab.
vCloud Director displays information about each organization-level event.
4
Double-click an event for more information.
Only system administrators can view the details about most events.
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Chapter 4 Working in an Organization
View Organization Tasks
You can view the tasks in an organization, which helps you monitor and troubleshoot more effectively.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click Logs.
3
On the Tasks tab, you can examine the tasks in the organization.
4
Select a task, right-click, and select Open.
5
Review the information and click OK.
What to do next
To troubleshoot a failed task, contact your system administrator.
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Working with Catalogs
5
A catalog is a container for vApp templates and media files in an organization. Organization administrators
and catalog authors can create catalogs in an organization. Catalog contents can be shared with other users in
the organization and can also be published to all organizations in the vCloud Director installation.
There are two types of catalogs in vCloud Director; organization catalogs and public catalogs. Organization
catalogs include vApp templates and media files that you can share with other users in the organization. If a
system administrator enables catalog publishing for your organization, you can publish an organization
catalog to create a public catalog. Organization administrators from any organization in the vCloud Director
installation can view the vApp templates and media files in a public catalog and copy those files to a catalog
in their organization for use by their members.
There are two ways to add vApp templates to a catalog. You can upload an OVF package directly to a catalog
or save a vApp as a vApp template. For more information, see “Upload an OVF Package as a vApp
Template,” on page 57 and “Save a vApp as a vApp Template,” on page 59. You can upload media files
directly to a catalog. See “Upload Media Files,” on page 51.
Members of an organization can access vApp templates and media files that they own or that are shared to
them. Organization administrators and system administrators can share a catalog with everyone in an
organization, or with specific users and groups in an organization. See “Share A Catalog,” on page 47.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Add a New Catalog,” on page 45
n
“Access a Catalog,” on page 46
n
“Publish a Catalog,” on page 46
n
“Share A Catalog,” on page 47
n
“Change the Owner of a Catalog,” on page 47
n
“Delete a Catalog,” on page 48
n
“Modify the Properties of Your Catalog,” on page 48
n
“Understanding Catalogs and Their Contents,” on page 48
n
“Working in Published Catalogs,” on page 49
Add a New Catalog
You can create catalogs to group your vApp templates and media files.
You are at least a catalog author.
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Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the Catalogs tab, click the Add Catalog button.
3
Type a catalog name and optional description and click Next.
4
(Optional) To share the catalog with members of the organization, click Add Members, select users and
groups, select an access level, click OK, and click Next.
5
Select a catalog publishing option and click Next..
Option
Description
Don't publish this catalog to other
organizations
This catalog will not be visible or available to other organizations in the
vCloud Director installation.
Publish to all organizations
This catalog will be visible to all other organizations in the vCloud Director
installation. Users with the necessary rights (by default, organization
administrators) can view catalog items and copy them to a local organization
catalog.
NOTE This option might be unavailable, depending on your organizational settings.
6
Review the summary and click Finish.
Access a Catalog
Depending on your role in the organization, you can access catalogs in your organization and public catalogs
that were published by other organizations.
n
To access a public catalog, you must be an organization administrator .
n
To access a catalog in your organization, you must be at least a vApp author.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
In the left pane, click on a catalog option.
3
n
My Organization's Catalogs
n
Public Catalogs
In the right pane, select a catalog, right-click, and select Open.
Publish a Catalog
When you publish a catalog, all organizations in vCloud Director can see the catalog.
You are at least a catalog author.
Prerequisites
The system administrator has enabled catalog publishing for the organization.
Procedure
46
1
Click Catalogs.
2
Select a catalog, right-click, and select Publish Settings.
3
On the Publishing tab, select Publish to all organizations.
4
Click OK.
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Chapter 5 Working with Catalogs
Your catalog is available to organization administrators in all organizations.
Share A Catalog
Share a catalog to make its contents available to users in your organization. Users with the proper rights and
access level can use vApp templates and media from the shared catalog to create their own vApps.
You are at least a catalog author.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
Select a catalog, right-click, and select Share.
3
Click Add Members.
4
Select the users and groups with whom you want to share the catalog.
5
Option
Action
Everyone in the organization
Select this option to share the catalog with everyone.
Specific users and groups
Select this option, click specific users and groups, and click Add.
Select an access level and click OK.
Option
Supported Actions
Read Only
Open, Add to My Cloud, Download, Copy to Catalog
Read/Write
Open, Add to My Cloud, Download, Copy to Catalog, Publish, Move to
Catalog, Delete
Full control
Open, Add to My Cloud, Download, Copy to Catalog, Publish, Move to
Catalog, Delete, Share
The actual actions a user can perform on a catalog and its contents depends on the intersection of the rights
of the user and their access level to the catalog. Sharing a catalog with full control does not grant a user
rights that the user does not already have.
6
Click OK.
Change the Owner of a Catalog
You can change the owner of a catalog. Before you can delete a user who owns a catalog, you must change the
owner or delete the catalog.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the Catalogs tab, right-click a catalog and select Change Owner.
3
Select a user from the list or search for one.
You can search for a user by full name or their user name.
4
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Click OK.
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Delete a Catalog
You can delete a catalog from your organization.
You are at least a catalog author.
Prerequisites
The catalog must not contain any vApp templates or media files. You can move these items to a different catalog
or delete them.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
In the left pane, click My Organization's Catalogs.
3
Select a catalog, right-click, and select Delete.
4
Click Yes.
The empty catalog is deleted from your organization.
Modify the Properties of Your Catalog
You can review and modify your catalog properties.
You are at least a catalog author.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
In the left pane, click My Organization's Catalogs.
3
Select a catalog, right-click, and select Properties.
4
Review the properties in the General, Sharing, and Publishing tabs.
5
Modify the relevant properties and click OK.
Your catalog properties are updated.
Understanding Catalogs and Their Contents
A catalog consists of a list of catalogs, vApp templates, and media files in your organization.
When you click the Catalogs button in the menu bar, these tabs appear.
n
Catalogs
n
vApp Templates
n
Media
If you are an organization administrator, you can access published catalogs in the left pane.
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Chapter 5 Working with Catalogs
Using vApp Templates in a Catalog
You can access vApp templates in a catalog in your organization or, if you are an organization administrator,
from a published catalog.
To access a vApp template in a catalog in your organization, in the left pane, click My Organization's
Catalogs and click on the vApp Templates tab. Select a vApp template and right-click to see the operations
you can complete.
Using Media Files in a Catalog
You can access media files in a catalog in your organization or, if you are a organization administrator, a
published catalog.
To access a media file in a catalog in your organization, in the left pane, click My Organization's Catalogs and
click on the Media tab. Select a media file and right-click to see the operations you can complete.
Working in Published Catalogs
Organization administrators can access a published catalog and copy its vApp templates and media files to a
catalog in their organization. They can then share the organization catalog with other members of their
organization so they can use the vApp templates and media files.
Accessing vApp Templates from a Public Catalog
You can access vApp templates from published catalogs and copy them to your catalog.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
In the left pane, click Public Catalogs.
3
On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template, right-click and select an operation.
n
Open
n
Add to My Cloud
n
Download
n
Copy to Catalog
n
Properties
You cannot modify properties until you copy the vApp template to your catalog. If you select Add to My
Cloud, the vApp template is saved and added as a vApp.
4
Click OK.
The vApp template you selected is added to the specified catalog your organization.
Accessing a Media File from a Public Catalog
You can access a media file from a published catalog and add it to your organization.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
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Click Catalogs.
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vCloud Director User's Guide
2
In the left pane, click Public Catalogs.
Media files are available for use if they reside in the same vDC as your Cloud vApp.
3
On the Media tab, select a media file, right-click and select Copy to Catalog.
4
Click OK.
The media file is copied to your catalog.
What to do next
You can select the media file and complete a variety of operations on it, such as move it to another catalog in
your organization, delete it, or modify its properties.
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Working with Media Files
6
The catalog allows you to upload, copy, move, and edit the properties of media files.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Upload Media Files,” on page 51
n
“Resume the Upload of a Media File,” on page 52
n
“Copy Media Files to a Catalog,” on page 52
n
“Move Media Files to Another Catalog,” on page 52
n
“Delete Media Files,” on page 53
n
“Modify Media File Properties,” on page 53
Upload Media Files
You can upload media files to a catalog. Users with access to the catalog can use the media files to install
applications on their virtual machines.
Prerequisites
Verify that the computer from which you are uploading has Java Plug-in 1.6.0_10 or later installed.
You are at least a catalog author.
Procedure
1
Select Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the Media tab, click Upload.
3
Type the path to the media file path or click Browse, locate the file, and click Upload.
4
Type a name and optional description for the media file.
This is the name that appears in vCloud Director.
5
Select the destination vDC, storage profile, and catalog.
6
Click Upload.
The media file is uploaded to the specified location. You can click Launch Uploads and Downloads Progress
Window to track the progress.
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Resume the Upload of a Media File
If you paused, cancelled, or interrupted the upload of a media file, you can resume it.
n
You are at least a catalog author.
n
If you log out of vCloud Director and log in, transfer history is lost. You cannot resume the upload.
n
The default timeout for pending transfer sessions is one hour. You can configure this value.
n
During pending or stopped transfers, the session keep alive heartbeat kicks in every 15 minutes. To ensure
that the session does not time out while tasks are paused, make sure the session timeout value is more
than 15 minutes.
Prerequisites
You have initiated the upload or download of a media file.
Procedure
1
In the Launch the Uploads and Downloads Progress Window, click Pauseor Cancel.
The status changes to Stopped in the progress window and Waiting in the Media Files page.
2
In the Launch the Uploads and Downloads Progress Window, click Resume.
The upload or download process resumes.
3
Monitor the progress in the Launch the Uploads and Downloads Progress window.
Copy Media Files to a Catalog
You can copy media files to another catalog.
You are at least a catalog author.
Prerequisites
You have access to multiple vDCs.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
On the Media tab, select a media file, right-click, and select Copy To Catalog.
3
Type a name and description.
4
Select the destination catalog and vDC.
5
Click OK.
The media file is copied to and stored in the selected catalog.
Move Media Files to Another Catalog
You can move media files to another catalog in your organization.
You are at least a catalog author.
Prerequisites
You have access to multiple catalogs and vDCs.
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Chapter 6 Working with Media Files
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
On the Media tab, select a media file, right-click, and select Move To Catalog.
3
Select a catalog and a vDC.
The catalog you select must be in your organization.
4
Click OK.
The media file is moved to the selected catalog.
Delete Media Files
You can delete media files from your catalog.
You are at least a catalog author.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the Media tab, select a media file, right-click, select Delete.
3
Click Yes.
The media file is deleted.
Modify Media File Properties
You can review and modify some properties of a media file.
You are at least a catalog author.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the Media tab, select a media file, right-click, and select Properties.
3
Modify the name or description.
4
Click OK.
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Working with vApp Templates
7
A vApp template is a virtual machine image that is loaded with an operating system, applications, and data.
These templates ensure that virtual machines are consistently configured across an entire organization.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Open a vApp Template,” on page 55
n
“Add a vApp Template to My Cloud,” on page 56
n
“Download a vApp Template,” on page 56
n
“Upload an OVF Package as a vApp Template,” on page 57
n
“Resume the Upload of a vApp Template,” on page 57
n
“Copy a vApp Template from a Public Catalog to an Organization Catalog,” on page 58
n
“Copy a vApp Template Between an Organization's Catalogs,” on page 58
n
“Move a vApp Template Between an Organization's Catalogs,” on page 59
n
“Delete a vApp Template,” on page 59
n
“Save a vApp as a vApp Template,” on page 59
n
“Modify vApp Template Properties,” on page 60
Open a vApp Template
You can open a vApp template to learn more about the virtual machines that it contains.
You are at least a vApp user.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
In the left pane, click on a catalog option.
n
My Organization's Catalogs
n
Public Catalogs
You can open vApp templates in your organization's catalogs or, if you are an organization administrator,
from a public catalog.
3
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On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template, right-click, and select Open.
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Add a vApp Template to My Cloud
You can add a vApp template as a vApp from your catalog to My Cloud.
You are at least a vApp author.
If the vApp template is based on an OVF file that includes OVF properties for customizing its virtual machines,
those properties are passed to the vApp. If any of those properties are user-configurable, you can specify the
values.
Prerequisites
A vApp template is available in a published or a locally shared catalog.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
In the left pane, click on a catalog option.
n
My Organization's Catalogs
n
Public Catalogs
You can access vApp templates in your organization's shared catalogs or, if you are an organization
administrator, from a public catalog.
3
On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template, right-click, and select Add to My Cloud.
4
Type a name and optional description for the vApp.
5
Select a runtime and storage lease and click Next.
6
Select a virtual datacenter, configure the virtual machines in the vApp, and click Next.
7
Configure the custom properties, if any, and click Next.
8
Configure the networking options for the vApp and click Next.
9
Review the vApp summary information and click Finish.
vCloud Director creates a vApp on the My Cloud > vApps page.
Download a vApp Template
You can download a vApp template from a catalog locally as an OVF file.
You are at least a catalog author.
Prerequisites
The computer from which you are downloading must have Java Plug-in 1.6.0_10 or later installed.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
In the left pane, click on a catalog option.
n
My Organization's Catalogs
n
Public Catalogs
You can download vApp templates from your organization's catalogs or, if you are an organization
administrator, from a public catalog.
3
56
On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template, right-click, and select Download.
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Chapter 7 Working with vApp Templates
4
Navigate to the local folder where you want to save the OVF file and click Save.
You can click the Launch Uploads and Downloads Progress Window button from My Organization's
Catalogs to track the progress.
Upload an OVF Package as a vApp Template
You can upload an OVF package from remote shares and your local directory to vCloud Director as a vApp
template.
You are at least a catalog creator.
vCloud Director supports OVFs based on the Open Virtualization Format (OVF) Specification. If you upload
an OVF file that includes OVF properties for customizing its virtual machines, those properties are preserved
in the vApp template.
Prerequisites
n
The computer from which you are uploading must have Java Plug-in 1.6.0_10 or later installed.
n
For information about creating OVFs, see the OVF Tool User Guide and VMware vCenter Converter 4.0.1
User's Guide.
n
vCloud Director does not support uploading compressed OVF files.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the vApp Templates tab, click the Upload button.
3
Type the name and path of the OVF file to upload, or click Browse, select the OVF file, and click
Upload.
4
Type a name and optional description for the vApp template.
5
Select a destination vDC and catalog.
6
Click Upload.
You can click the Launch Uploads and Downloads Progress Window button to track the progress.
What to do next
Verify that VMware Tools is installed in each virtual machine in the vApp. See “Installing VMware Tools in a
vApp,” on page 102.
Resume the Upload of a vApp Template
If the upload process is interrupted, paused, or cancelled you can resume it.
n
You are at least a catalog creator.
n
If you log out of vCloud Director and log in, transfer history is lost. You cannot resume the upload.
n
The default timeout for pending transfer sessions is one hour. You can configure this value up to one hour.
n
During pending or stopped transfers, the session keep alive heartbeat kicks in every 15 minutes. To ensure
that the session does not time out while tasks are paused, make sure the session timeout value is more
than 15 minutes.
Prerequisites
You have initiated the upload or download of a vApp template.
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Procedure
1
In the Launch Uploads and Downloads Progress Window, click Pauseor Cancel.
The status changes to Stopped in the progress window and Waiting in the vApp Template page.
2
In the Launch Uploads and Downloads Progress Window, click Resume.
The upload or download process resumes.
3
Monitor the progress in the Launch Uploads and Downloads Progress Window .
Copy a vApp Template from a Public Catalog to an Organization Catalog
You can copy a vApp template from a public catalog to your organization catalog to make it available to users
in your organization.
You are a vApp author or organization administrator.
Prerequisites
You have a catalog and vDC.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
In the left pane, click Public Catalogs.
3
On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template, right-click, and select Copy To Catalog.
4
Type a name and optional description for the vApp.
5
Select a destination catalog and vDC.
Select a shared catalog to give organization users access to the template.
6
Click OK.
vCloud Director copies the vApp template to the organization catalog. The vApp appears on the vApp
Templates tab in My Organization's Catalogs.
Copy a vApp Template Between an Organization's Catalogs
You can copy a vApp template from one catalog in your organization to another catalog in the same
organization. This is useful if the catalogs are shared with different users and you want both groups of users
to have access to the vApp template.
You are an organization administrator, catalog author, or vApp author.
Prerequisites
You must have access to at least two catalogs and a vDC with available space.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the vApp Templates tab, right-click a vApp template and select Copy to Catalog.
3
Type a name and optional description for the vApp template.
4
Select the destination catalog and vDC.
If you select a published catalog, the vApp template will be available to all organizations in the vCloud
Director installation.
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Chapter 7 Working with vApp Templates
5
Click OK.
Move a vApp Template Between an Organization's Catalogs
You can move a vApp template from one catalog in your organization to another catalog in the same
organization. This is useful if you want to move a template from a published catalog to an unpublished catalog
or the reverse.
You are an organization administrator or catalog author.
Prerequisites
You must have access to at least two catalogs and a vDC with available space.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the vApp Templates tab, right-click a vApp template and select Move To Catalog.
3
Select a destination catalog and vDC.
If you select a published catalog, the vApp template will be available to all organizations in the vCloud
Director installation.
4
Click OK.
vCloud Director copies the source vApp template to the destination catalog and then deletes the source vApp
template.
Delete a vApp Template
You can delete a vApp template from an organization catalog. If the catalog is published, the vApp template
is also deleted from Public Catalogs.
You are at least a vApp author.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template, right-click, and select Delete.
3
Click Yes.
The selected vApp is deleted.
Save a vApp as a vApp Template
You can save a vApp to a catalog as a vApp template.
You are at least a vApp author.
Prerequisites
n
Your organization has a catalog and a vDC with available space.
n
The vApp must be stopped.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
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3
Right-click a vApp and select Add to Catalog.
4
Type a name and optional description for the vApp template.
5
Select a vDC, a catalog, and a storage lease.
6
Select a vApp creation option.
This option applies when creating a vApp based on this template. It is ignored when building a vApp
using individual virtual machines from this template.
7
Option
Description
Make identical copy
vApps that are created from this vApp template must follow the guest
operating system settings of the vApp template. If you select this option, and
guest customization is enabled, the guest operating system is personalized.
Customize VM settings
Guest operating system is personalized regardless of the vApp template
settings, and the guest operating system is personalized when the vApp is
deployed. This option requires that a supported version of VMware Tools
be installed on all virtual machines in the vApp.
Click OK.
The vApp is saved as a vApp template and appears in the destination catalog.
Modify vApp Template Properties
You can modify some basic properties of a vApp template. To make more advanced changes to a vApp
template, add it to My Cloud, make the changes, then add it back to the catalog as a new vApp template.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs > My Organization's Catalogs.
2
On the vApp Templates tab, right-click a vApp template and select Properties.
3
On the General tab, modify the vApp template name and description.
4
Select a vApp creation option.
This option applies when creating a vApp based on this template. It is ignored when building a vApp
using individual virtual machines from this template.
5
Option
Description
Make identical copy
vApps that are created from this vApp template must follow the guest
operating system settings of the vApp template. If you select this option, and
guest customization is enabled, the guest operating system is personalized.
Customize VM settings
Guest operating system is personalized regardless of the vApp template
settings, and the guest operating system is personalized when the vApp is
deployed. This option requires that a supported version of VMware Tools
be installed on all virtual machines in the vApp.
Choose whether or not to mark the vApp template as a Gold Master in the catalog.
If you mark a vApp template as a Gold Master, this information appears in the list of vApp templates.
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6
To reset the vApp template storage lease, select the Reset lease check box and select a new storage lease.
7
Click OK.
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8
A vApp consists of one or more virtual machines that communicate over a network and use resources and
services in a deployed environment. A vApp can contain multiple virtual machines.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Create a vApp From a vApp Template,” on page 62
n
“Create a New vApp,” on page 62
n
“Import a Virtual Machine as a vApp,” on page 64
n
“About the vApp Placement Engine,” on page 64
n
“Copy a vApp,” on page 66
n
“Start a vApp,” on page 66
n
“Start a vApp with an Older Version of VMware Tools,” on page 66
n
“Stop a vApp,” on page 67
n
“Suspend a vApp,” on page 67
n
“Discard the Suspended State of a vApp,” on page 67
n
“Reset a vApp or Virtual Machine,” on page 68
n
“View vApp Virtual Machines,” on page 68
n
“Add a Virtual Machine to a vApp,” on page 68
n
“Import a Virtual Machine to a vApp from vSphere,” on page 69
n
“Remove Virtual Machines from a vApp,” on page 69
n
“Set vApp Start and Stop Options,” on page 70
n
“Working with Networks in a vApp,” on page 71
n
“Editing vApp Properties,” on page 82
n
“Display a vApp Diagram,” on page 84
n
“Change the Owner of a vApp,” on page 84
n
“Upgrade the Virtual Hardware Version for a vApp,” on page 85
n
“Save vApp as a vApp Template to Your Catalog,” on page 85
n
“Create a Snapshot of a vApp,” on page 86
n
“Revert a vApp to a Snapshot,” on page 86
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n
“Remove a Snapshot of a vApp,” on page 86
n
“Copy a vApp to Another vDC,” on page 86
n
“Move a vApp to Another vDC,” on page 87
n
“Delete a vApp,” on page 87
Create a vApp From a vApp Template
You can create a new vApp based on a vApp template stored in a catalog to which you have access.
n
Only organization administrators and vApp authors can access vApp templates in public catalogs.
n
vApp users and above can access vApp templates in organization catalogs shared to them.
If the vApp template is based on an OVF file that includes OVF properties for customizing its virtual machines,
those properties are passed to the vApp. If any of those properties are user-configurable, you can specify the
values.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud > vApps.
2
Click the Add vApp from Catalog button.
3
Select My organization's catalogs or Public catalogs from the drop-down menu.
4
Select a vApp template and click Next.
5
Type a name and optional description for the vApp.
6
Select a runtime and storage lease and click Next.
7
Select a virtual datacenter, configure the virtual machines in the vApp, and click Next.
8
Configure the custom properties, if any, and click Next.
9
Configure the networking options for the vApp and click Next.
10
Review the vApp summary information and click Finish.
vCloud Director creates a vApp in My Cloud.
Create a New vApp
If you don't want to create a vApp based on a vApp template, you can create a new vApp using virtual machines
from vApp templates, new virtual machines, or a combination of both.
You are at least a vApp author.
Procedure
1
Complete the vApp Profile on page 63
When you create a new vApp, you must provide some basic information.
2
Add Virtual Machines to the vApp on page 63
You can search your catalogs for virtual machines to add to the vApp or add new, blank virtual machines.
3
Configure the Virtual Machines on page 63
Select the virtual datacenter (vDC) in which this vApp is stored and runs when it's started. Name each
virtual machine and select the network to which you want it to connect. You can configure additional
properties for virtual machines after you complete the wizard.
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4
Configure Networks on page 64
You can determine how the vApp, its virtual machines, and its networks connect to the organization's
networks.
Complete the vApp Profile
When you create a new vApp, you must provide some basic information.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps and click the Build New vApp button.
3
Type a name and optional description.
4
Select a runtime and storage lease and click Next.
Add Virtual Machines to the vApp
You can search your catalogs for virtual machines to add to the vApp or add new, blank virtual machines.
You must be an organization administrator or vApp author to access public catalogs.
Procedure
1
To add virtual machines from vApp templates, select My organization's catalogs or Public catalogs from
the drop-down menu, select one or more virtual machines, and click Add.
2
To add a new virtual machine, click New Virtual Machine, provide the required information about the
virtual machine, and click OK.
After you finish creating the new vApp, you can power on the new virtual machine and install an operating
system.
3
Click Next.
Configure the Virtual Machines
Select the virtual datacenter (vDC) in which this vApp is stored and runs when it's started. Name each virtual
machine and select the network to which you want it to connect. You can configure additional properties for
virtual machines after you complete the wizard.
Procedure
1
Select a vDC.
2
(Optional) Modify the full name and computer name of each virtual machine.
3
Select a primary NIC and network for each virtual machine.
4
Select an IP assignment method for each NIC.
If you select Static - Manual, type the IP address.
5
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Configure Networks
You can determine how the vApp, its virtual machines, and its networks connect to the organization's
networks.
Procedure
1
Select Show networking details.
2
Review the network information.
3
Click Next.
4
Review the summary for the vApp.
5
Click Finish.
Import a Virtual Machine as a vApp
You can import a vSphere virtual machine to your organization as a vApp.
Prerequisites
Verify that you are at least a vApp author.
Procedure
1
Select My Cloud > vApps.
2
Click Import from vSphere.
3
Select a vCenter server from the drop-down menu and select a virtual machine to import.
4
Type a name and optional description for the vApp.
5
Select a virtual datacenter to which to import the vApp from the drop-down menu.
6
(Optional) Select a storage profile for the vApp from the drop-down menu.
7
Choose whether to move or copy the imported virtual machine, and click OK.
vCloud Director imports the vApp into My Cloud.
About the vApp Placement Engine
The vCloud Director placement engine determines what resources, including resource pools, datastores, and
networks or network pools, on which to place the virtual machines in a vApp. The placement decision is made
independently for each virtual machine in a vApp based on the requirements of that virtual machine.
The placement engine runs in the following scenarios.
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n
When you create a vApp, the placement engine determines what resource pool, datastore, and network
pool on which to place the vApp's virtual machines.
n
When you start a vApp, the placement engine might selectively move the vApp's virtual machines to
another resource pool, datastore, or network pool if the current resource pool, datastore, or network pool
lacks sufficient resources for the vApp to power on.
n
When you change the storage profile of a virtual machine, the placement engine moves the virtual machine
to a datastore and resource pool that support the new storage profile.
n
When virtual machines are migrated to different resource pools.
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The placement engine uses the following criteria to select candidate resource pools for a virtual machine.
n
CPU capacity
n
Memory capacity
n
Number of virtual CPUs
n
Hardware version supported by the host
The placement engine filters out disabled resource pools from the candidate list so that no virtual machine is
created on a disabled resource pool. When possible, the placement engine places virtual machines on the same
hub as other virtual machines in the organization vDC.
The placement engine uses the following criteria to select candidate datastores for a vApp and its virtual
machines.
n
Storage capacity
n
Storage profile
The placement engine filters out disabled datastores from the candidate list so that no virtual machine is created
on a disabled datastore.
The placement engine uses the network name to select candidate network pools for a vApp and its virtual
machines.
After the placement engine selects a set of candidate resources, it ranks the resources and picks the best location
for each virtual machine based on the CPU, virtual RAM, and storage configuration of each virtual machine.
While ranking resources, the placement engine examines the current and estimated future resource use.
Estimated future use is calculated based on powered-off virtual machines currently placed on a given resource
pool and their expected use after they are powered on. For CPU and memory, the placement engine looks at
the current unreserved capacity, the maximum use, and the estimated future unreserved capacity. For storage,
it looks at the aggregated provisioned capacity provided by the cluster that each resource pool belongs to. The
placement engine then considers the weighted metrics of the current and future suitability of each resource
pool.
The placement engine favors resource pools that provide the minimum of unreserved capacity for CPU and
memory and free capacity for storage. It also gives lower preference to yellow clusters so that yellow clusters
are only selected if no healthy cluster is available that satisfies the placement criteria.
When a virtual machine is powered on, either as part of starting a vApp or on its own, the placement engine
runs to validate that the resource pool the virtual machine is assigned to has sufficient resources to support
the requirements of the virtual machine. This step is necessary because the resource availability on the resource
pool might have changed since the virtual machine was created on the resource pool. If the resource pool lacks
sufficient capacity to power on the virtual machine, the placement engine finds another compatible resource
pool on the provider vDC that satisfies the requirements of the virtual machine and places the virtual machine
there. This substitution might result in the migration of the virtual machine's VMDKs to a different datastore
if no suitable resource pools are connected to the datastore the VMDKs are located on.
During concurrent deployment situations when a resource pool is close to capacity, the validation of that
resource pool might succeed even though the resource pool lacks the resources to support the virtual machine.
In these cases, the virtual machine cannot power on. If a virtual machine fails to power on in this situation,
start the power on operation again to prompt the placement engine to migrate the virtual machine to a different
resource pool.
When the cluster that a resource pool belongs to is close to capacity, a virtual machine on that resource pool
might still be able to power on even when no individual host has the capacity to power on the virtual machine.
This happens as a result of capacity fragmentation at the cluster level. In such cases, a system administrator
should migrate a few virtual machines out of the cluster so that the cluster maintains sufficient capacity.
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Copy a vApp
To create a new vApp based on an existing vApp, you can copy a vApp and modify the copy to meet your
needs.
You are at least a vApp user.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Copy to.
4
Type a name and optional description.
5
Select a vDC.
6
Click OK.
What to do next
Modify the contents and properties of the new vApp.
Start a vApp
Starting a vApp powers on all the virtual machines in the vApp that are not already powered on.
You are at least a vApp author.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right click, and select Start.
Start a vApp with an Older Version of VMware Tools
If a virtual machine in a vApp has an older version of VMware Tools installed and is enabled for guest
customization, you might not be able to start it.
Procedure
66
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, select vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
5
On the Guest OS Customization tab, deselect the Enable Guest Customization check box and click OK.
6
(Optional) Repeat this step for all your virtual machines.
7
Select the vApp, right-click, and select Start.
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Stop a vApp
Stopping a vApp powers off or shuts down all the virtual machines in the vApp. You must stop a vApp before
you can perform certain actions. For example, adding it to a catalog, copying it, moving it, and so on.
You can specify whether stopping a vApp powers off or shuts down its virtual machines in the vApp properties
page.
Prerequisites
The vApp must be started.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Stop.
4
Click OK.
Suspend a vApp
You can suspend a vApp to save its current state.
Prerequisites
The vApp is running.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Suspend.
The vApp is stopped and is labeled as Stopped.
Discard the Suspended State of a vApp
You can discard the suspended state of a vApp.
Prerequisites
The vApp must be stopped and in a suspended state.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Discard Suspended State.
4
Click Yes.
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Reset a vApp or Virtual Machine
Resetting a virtual machine clears state (memory, cache, and so on), but the vApps and virtual machines
continue to run.
Prerequisites
Your vApp is started and virtual machine is powered on.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, select vApps or VMs.
3
Select a vApp or virtual machine, right-click, and select Reset.
View vApp Virtual Machines
You can access and display the virtual machines in a vApp.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
Click on the Virtual Machines tab.
Add a Virtual Machine to a vApp
You can add a virtual machine to a vApp.
If the virtual machine is based on an OVF file that includes OVF properties for customization, those properties
are retained in the vApp. If any of those properties are user-configurable, you can specify the values in the
virtual machine's properties pane after you add it to the vApp.
For information about supported network adapter types, see http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1001805.
Prerequisites
You must be an organization administrator or vApp author to access virtual machines in public catalogs.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click the vApp and select Open.
3
On the Virtual Machines tab, click the Add VM button.
4
To add virtual machines from vApp templates, select My organization's catalogs or Public catalogs from
the drop-down menu, select one or more virtual machines, and click Add.
5
To add a new virtual machine, click New Virtual Machine, provide the required information about the
virtual machine, and click OK.
After you finish creating the new vApp, you can power on the new virtual machine and install an operating
system.
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6
Click Next.
7
(Optional) Modify the full name and computer name of each virtual machine.
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8
Select a primary NIC and network for each virtual machine.
9
(Optional) Select Show network adapter type and select a type for each NIC.
10
Select an IP assignment method for each NIC.
If you select Static - Manual, type the IP address.
11
Click Next.
12
Select Show networking details, review the network information, and click Next.
13
Review the summary for the vApp and click Finish.
Import a Virtual Machine to a vApp from vSphere
You can import an existing virtual machine to a vApp from vSphere
Prerequisites
Verify that you are an organization administrator or vApp author.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click the vApp and select Open.
3
On the Virtual Machines tab, click Import from vSphere.
4
Select the source vCenter server from the drop-down menu and select the virtual machine to import.
5
Enter a name for the imported virtual machine.
6
(Optional) Enter a description for the imported virtual machine.
7
(Optional) Select a storage profile for the imported virtual machine.
8
Choose whether to copy the virtual machine or to move it from the source vCenter server, and click OK.
Remove Virtual Machines from a vApp
You can remove virtual machines from a vApp.
You are at least a vApp author.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine is powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Virtual Machines tab, select a virtual machine, right-click and select Delete.
5
Click Yes.
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Set vApp Start and Stop Options
You can specify certain options that affect what happens to the virtual machines when a vApp is started and
stopped.
Prerequisites
You are at least a vApp user.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Starting and Stopping VMs tab, specify the options.
5
Option
Description
Order
For vApps with multiple virtual machines, you can specify the order in which
the machines start and stop by typing numbers in the text box. Virtual
machines with lower numbers start first and stop last. You cannot enter
negative numbers. Virtual machines with the same order are started and
stopped at the same time.
Start Action
Determines what happens to virtual machines when you start the vApp that
contains them. By default, this option is set to Power On.
Boot Delay
How many seconds vCloud Director waits after starting the virtual machine
before starting the next virtual machine.
Stop Action
Determines what happens to virtual machines when you stop the vApp that
contains them. By default, this option is set to Power Off, but you can also
set it to Shutdown.
Stop Delay
How many seconds vCloud Director waits after stopping the virtual machine
before stopping the next virtual machine.
Click OK.
Example: Starting and Stopping Virtual Machines
This example shows a the order, boot delay, and stop delay options for the virtual machines in a vApp and
how those options affect when each virtual machine starts and stops.
Table 8-1. Virtual Machine Start and Stop Options on vApp1
Virtual Machine
Order
Boot Delay
Stop Delay
VM1
1
0
10
VM2
1
10
10
VM3
1
20
30
VM4
2
0
20
VM5
2
30
60
VM6
3
40
10
When vApp1 is started, the virtual machines start as follows.
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1
VM1, VM2, and VM3 start at the same time.
2
After 20 seconds (the longest boot delay from the order 1 virtual machines), VM4 and VM5 start.
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3
After 30 seconds (the longest boot delay from the order 2 virtual machines) VM6 starts.
When vApp1 is stopped, the virtual machines stop as follows.
1
VM6 stops.
2
After 10 seconds, VM5 and VM4 stop.
3
After 60 seconds, VM3, VM2, and VM1 stop.
Working with Networks in a vApp
The virtual machines in a vApp can connect to vApp networks (isolated or routed) and organization vDC
networks (direct or fenced). You can add networks of different types to a vApp to address multiple networking
scenarios.
Select the Networking tab in a vApp and select the Show networking details check box to view a list of the
networks that are available to the vApp. Virtual machines in the vApp can connect to these networks. If you
want to connect a virtual machine to a different network, you must first add it to the vApp.
A vApp can include vApp networks and organization vDC networks. A vApp network can be isolated by
selecting None in the Connection drop-down menu. An isolated vApp network is totally contained within the
vApp. You can also route a vApp network to an organization vDC network to provide connectivity to virtual
machines outside of the vApp. For routed vApp networks, you can configure network services, such as a
firewall and static routing.
You can connect a vApp directly to an organization vDC network. If you have multiple vApps that contain
identical virtual machines connected to the same organization vDC network and you want to start the vApps
at the same time, you can fence the vApp. This allows you to power on the virtual machines without conflict,
by isolating their MAC and IP addresses.
View vApp Networks
You can access and display the networks in a vApp.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
Click on the Networking tab.
5
Select the Show networking details to display details about each network.
Adding Networks to a vApp
You can add vApp networks and Organization vDC networks to a vApp.
n
Add a vApp Network to a vApp on page 72
Add a vApp network to a vApp to make the network available to virtual machines in the vApp.
n
Add an Organization vDC Network to a vApp on page 72
Add an organization vDC network to a vApp to make the network available to virtual machines in the
vApp.
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Add a vApp Network to a vApp
Add a vApp network to a vApp to make the network available to virtual machines in the vApp.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps, right-click, and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select the Show networking details check box.
4
Click the Add Network button.
5
Select vApp Network and click Next.
6
Type the network specifications and click Next.
7
Type a network name and optional description and click Next.
8
Review your vApp network settings and click Finish.
vCloud Director creates an isolated vApp network and displays it in the network list.
9
(Optional) Select an organization vDC network in the Connection drop-down menu.
This routes the vApp network to the organization vDC network.
10
Click Apply.
What to do next
Connect a virtual machine in the vApp to the network.
Add an Organization vDC Network to a vApp
Add an organization vDC network to a vApp to make the network available to virtual machines in the vApp.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps, right-click, and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select the Show networking details check box.
4
Click the Add Network button.
5
Select Organization vDC Network and click Next.
6
Select an organization vDC network and click Finish.
vCloud Director adds the organization vDC network and displays it in the network list.
7
(Optional) Select the Fence vApp check box.
The connection changes from Direct to Fenced for all organization vDC networks in the vApp. Fencing
allows identical virtual machines in different vApps to be powered on without conflict by isolating the
MAC and IP addresses of the virtual machines.
When fencing is enabled and the vApp is powered on, an isolated network is created from the organization
vDC's network pool. A vShield Edge is created and attached to both the isolated network and the
organization vDC network. Traffic going to and from the virtual machines pass through vShield Edge,
which translates the IP address using NAT and proxy-AR, which allows a router to pass traffic between
two networks using the same IP space.
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What to do next
Connect a virtual machine in the vApp to the network.
Configuring Network Services for a vApp Network
You can configure network services, such as DHCP, firewalls, network address translation (NAT), and static
routing for certain vApp networks.
The network services available depend on the type of vApp network.
Table 8-2. Network Services Available by Network Type
vApp Network Type
DHCP
Firewall
NAT
Static Routing
Routed
X
X
X
X
Isolated
X
Direct
Configure DHCP for an vApp Network
You can configure certain vApp networks to provide DHCP services to virtual machines in the vApp.
When you enable DHCP for a vApp network, connect a NIC on virtual machine in the vApp to that network,
and select DHCP as the IP mode for that NIC, vCloud Director assigns a DHCP IP address to the virtual
machine when you power it on.
Prerequisites
A routed vApp network or an isolated vApp network.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click a vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details.
4
Right-click the vApp network and select Configure Services.
5
Click the DHCP tab and select Enable DHCP.
6
Type a range of IP addresses or use the default range.
vCloud Director uses these addresses to satisfy DHCP requests. The range of DHCP IP addresses cannot
overlap with the static IP pool for the vApp network.
7
Set the default lease time and maximum lease time or use the default values and click OK.
8
Click Apply.
vCloud Director updates the network to provide DHCP services.
NOTE If the DNS settings on a DHCP-enabled vApp network are changed, the vApp network no longer
provides DHCP services. To correct this issue, disable and reenable DHCP on the vApp network.
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Configure the Firewall for a vApp Network
You can configure certain vApp networks to provide firewall services. Enable the firewall on a vApp network
to enforce firewall rules on incoming traffic, outgoing traffic, or both.
When you enable the firewall, you can specify a default firewall action to deny all incoming and outgoing
traffic or to allow all incoming and outgoing traffic. You can also add specific firewall rules to allow or deny
traffic that matches the rules to pass through the firewall. These rules take precedence over the default firewall
action. See “Add a Firewall Rule to a vApp Network,” on page 74.
If a system administrator specified syslog server settings and those settings have been applied to the vApp
network, then you can log events related to the default firewall action. For information about applying syslog
server settings, see “Apply Syslog Server Settings to a vApp Network,” on page 82. To view the current syslog
server settings see “View Syslog Server Settings for a vApp Network,” on page 81.
Prerequisites
A routed vApp network.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click a vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details.
4
Right-click the vApp network and select Configure Services.
5
Click the Firewall tab and select Enable firewall to enable firewall services or deselect it to disable firewall
services.
6
Select the default firewall action.
Option
Description
Deny
Blocks all traffic except when overridden by a firewall rule.
Allow
Allows all traffic except when overridden by a firewall rule.
7
(Optional) Select the Log check box to log events related to the default firewall action.
8
Click OK.
9
Click Apply.
Add a Firewall Rule to a vApp Network
You can add firewall rules to a vApp network that supports a firewall. You can create rules to allow or deny
traffic that matches the rules to pass through the firewall.
For a firewall rule to be enforced, you must enable the firewall for the vApp network. See “Configure the
Firewall for a vApp Network,” on page 74.
When you add a new firewall rule to a vApp network, it appears at the end of the firewall rule list. For
information about setting the order in which firewall rules are enforced, see “Reorder Firewall Rules for a
vApp Network,” on page 76.
If a system administrator specified syslog server settings and those settings were applied to the vApp network,
then you can log firewall rule events. For information about applying syslog server settings, see “Apply Syslog
Server Settings to a vApp Network,” on page 82. To view the current syslog server settings, see “View Syslog
Server Settings for a vApp Network,” on page 81.
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Prerequisites
A routed vApp network.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click a vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details.
4
Right-click the vApp network and select Configure Services.
5
Click the Firewall tab and click Add.
6
Type a name for the rule.
7
(Optional) Select Match rule on translated IP to have the rule check against translated IP addresses rather
than original IP addresses and choose a traffic direction to apply this rule on.
8
Type the traffic Source.
Option
Description
IP address
Type a source IP address to apply this rule on.
Range of IP addresses
Type a range of source IP addresses to apply this rule on.
CIDR
Type the CIDR notation of traffic to apply this rule on.
internal
Apply this rule to all internal traffic.
external
Apply this rule to all external traffic.
any
Apply this rule to traffic from any source.
9
Select a Source port to apply this rule on from the drop-down menu.
10
Type the traffic Destination.
Option
Description
IP address
Type a destination IP address to apply this rule on.
Range of IP addresses
Type a range of destination IP addresses to apply this rule on.
CIDR
Type the CIDR notation of traffic to apply this rule on.
internal
Apply this rule to all internal traffic.
external
Apply this rule to all external traffic.
any
Apply this rule to traffic with any destination.
11
Select the Destination port to apply this rule on from the drop-down menu.
12
Select the Protocol to apply this rule on from the drop-down menu.
13
Select the action.
A firewall rule can allow or deny traffic that matches the rule.
14
Select the Enabled check box.
15
(Optional) Select the Log network traffic for firewall rule check box.
If you enable this option, vCloud Director sends log events to the syslog server for connections affected
by this rule. Each syslog message includes logical network and organization UUIDs.
16
Click OK and click OK again.
17
Click Apply.
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Reorder Firewall Rules for a vApp Network
Firewall rules are enforced in the order in which they appear in the firewall list. You can change the order of
the rules in the list.
When you add a new firewall rule to a vApp network, it appears at the bottom of the firewall rule list. If you
want to enforce the new rule before an existing rule, reorder the rules.
Prerequisites
A routed vApp network with two or more firewall rules.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click a vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details.
4
Right-click the vApp network and select Configure Services.
5
Click the Firewall tab.
6
Drag and drop the firewall rules to establish the order in which the rules are applied.
7
Click OK.
8
Click Apply.
Enable IP Masquerading for a vApp Network
You can configure certain vApp networks to provide IP masquerade services. Enable IP masquerading on a
vApp network to hide the internal IP addresses of virtual machines from the organization vDC network.
When you enable IP masquerade, vCloud Director translates a virtual machine's private, internal IP address
to a public IP address for outbound traffic.
Prerequisites
Verify that a routed vApp network exists.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click a vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details.
4
Right-click the vApp network and select Configure Services.
5
Click the NAT tab and select Port Forwarding.
6
Select Enable IP Masquerade and click OK.
7
Click Apply.
Add a Port Forwarding Rule to a vApp Network
You can configure certain vApp networks to provide port forwarding by adding a NAT mapping rule. Port
forwarding provides external access to services running on virtual machines on the vApp network.
When you configure port forwarding, vCloud Director maps an external port to a service running on a port
on a virtual machine for inbound traffic.
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When you add a new port forwarding rule to a vApp network, it appears at the bottom of the NAT mapping
rule list. For information about how to set the order in which port forwarding rules are enforced, see “Reorder
Port Forwarding Rules for a vApp Network,” on page 78.
Prerequisites
A routed vApp network.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click a vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details.
4
Right-click the vApp network and select Configure Services.
5
Click the NAT tab, select Port Forwarding, and click Add.
6
Configure the port forwarding rule.
a
Select an external port.
b
Select an internal port.
c
Select a protocol for the type of traffic to forward.
d
Select a VM interface.
e
Click OK.
7
Click OK.
8
Click Apply.
Add an IP Translation Rule to a vApp Network
You can configure certain vApp networks to provide IP translation by adding a NAT mapping rule.
When you create an IP translation rule for a network, vCloud Director adds a DNAT and SNAT rule to the
vShield Edge associated with the network's port group. The DNAT rule translates an external IP address to an
internal IP address for inbound traffic. The SNAT rule translates an internal IP address to an external IP address
for outbound traffic. If the network is also using IP masquerade, the SNAT rule takes precedence.
Prerequisites
A routed vApp network.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click a vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details.
4
Right-click the vApp network and select Configure Services.
5
Click the NAT tab, select IP Translation, and click Add.
6
Select a VM interface and mapping mode and click OK.
For Manual mapping mode, type an external IP address.
7
Click OK.
8
Click Apply.
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Reorder Port Forwarding Rules for a vApp Network
Port forwarding rules are enforced in the order in which they appear in the NAT mapping list. You can change
the order of the rules in the list.
When you add a new port forwarding rule to a vApp network, it appears at the bottom of the NAT mapping
rule list. To enforce the new rule before an existing rule, reorder the rules.
Prerequisites
A routed vApp network with two or more port forwarding rules.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click a vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details and click Details.
4
On the NAT tab, click and drag the rules to establish the order in which the rules are applied and click
OK.
5
Click Apply.
Enable Static Routing for a vApp Network
You can configure certain vApp networks to provide static routing services. After you enable static routing on
two or more vApp networks, you can add static routes to allow virtual machines on different vApp networks
to communicate.
To route traffic between two vApp networks, you must enable static routing on both networks.
Prerequisites
A routed vApp network.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click a vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details.
4
Right-click the vApp network and select Configure Services.
5
On the Static Routing tab, select Enable static routing and click OK.
6
Click Apply.
What to do next
Enable static routing on another vApp network and create static routes between the two vApp networks.
Add Static Routes to vApp Networks
You can add static routes between two vApp networks that are routed to the same organization vDC network.
Static routes allow traffic between the networks.
You cannot add static routes to a fenced vApp or between overlapping networks. After you add a static route
to a vApp network, configure the network firewall rules to allow traffic on the static route. For vApps with
static routes, you should select the Always use assigned IP addresses until this vApp or associated networks
are deleted check box.
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Static routes only function when the vApps containing the routes are running. If you change the parent network
of a vApp, delete a vApp, or delete a vApp network, and the vApp includes static routes, those routes cannot
function and you must remove them manually.
Prerequisites
n
vShield 5.1.
n
Two vApp networks routed to the same organization vDC network.
n
The vApp networks are in vApps that were started at least once.
n
Static routing is enabled on both vApp networks.
Procedure
1
Click the My Cloud tab and click vApps in the left pane.
2
Right-click the first vApp and select Open.
3
On the Networking tab, select Show networking details.
4
Right-click the vApp network and select Configure Services.
5
On the Static Routing tab, click Add.
6
Type a name, network address, and next hop IP and click OK.
The network address is for the vApp network to which you want to add a static route. The next hop IP is
the external IP address of that vApp network's router.
7
Click OK.
8
Click Apply.
9
Repeat Step 2 through Step 8 for the second vApp network.
Example: Static Routing Example
vApp Network 1 and vApp Network 2 are both routed to Org Network Shared. You can create a static route
on each vApp network to allow traffic between the networks. You can use information about the vApp
networks to create the static routes.
Table 8-3. Network Information
Network Name
Network Specification
Router External IP Address
vApp Network 1
192.168.1.0/24
192.168.0.100
vApp Network 2
192.168.2.0/24
192.168.0.101
Org Network Shared
192.168.0.0/24
NA
On vApp Network 1, create a static route to vApp Network 2. On vApp Network 2, create a static route to
vApp Network 1.
Table 8-4. Static Routing Settings
vApp Network
Route Name
Network
Next Hop IP Address
vApp Network 1
tovapp2
192.168.2.0/24
192.168.0.101
vApp Network 2
tovapp1
192.168.1.0/24
192.168.0.100
What to do next
Create firewall rules for the vApp networks to allow traffic on the static routes.
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Reset Your vApp Network
If the network services, such as DHCP settings, firewall settings, and so on, that are associated with a vApp
network are not working as expected, an organization administrator can reset the network. Network services
are not available during the reset.
Prerequisites
The vApp is running.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Networking tab, select the Show networking details check box.
5
Select a vApp network, right-click, and select Reset Network.
6
Click Yes.
Delete a vApp Network
If you no longer need a network in your vApp, you can delete the network.
Prerequisites
The vApp is stopped and no virtual machines in the vApp are connected to the network.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, selectvApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Networking tab, select the Show networking details check box.
5
Right-click a network in the list and select Delete.
6
Click Apply.
Modify Network Properties
You can modify the properties of the networks in a vApp.
Procedure
1
Select Administration.
2
Select Cloud Resources > Networks.
3
Select a network, right-click, and select Properties.
You can modify the name, description, and portions of the network specification.
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4
Modify the relevant properties and click OK.
5
Click Apply.
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Display the IP Allocations for Your vApp Network
You can review the IP allocations for the networks in your vApp.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, selectvApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Networking tab, select the Show networking detailscheck box.
5
Select a network, right-click, and select IP Allocations.
6
Review your allocations and click OK.
Configure IP Address Persistence
By default, when you stop a running vApp or power off a virtual machine, vCloud Director releases any IP
and MAC addresses the virtual machines were using. You can configure a vApp to retain the network addresses
of its virtual machines until the vApp, VM, or network is deleted.
Static routing relies on the IP addresses of the virtual machines and virtual routers in a vApp. For vApps that
use static routing, enable IP persistence to make sure that static routes to and from the vApp remain valid.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, selectvApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Networking tab, select the Always use assigned IP addresses...check box and click Apply.
The virtual machines in the vApp keep their assigned IP and MAC addresses, even when they are powered
off.
View Syslog Server Settings for a vApp Network
You can view the syslog server settings for a routed vApp network.
vCloud Director supports logging events related to firewall rules to a syslog server specified by a system
administrator.
If a vApp network does not have any syslog server settings and you think it should, or if the settings are not
what you expected, then you can synchronize the network with the most current syslog server settings. See
“Apply Syslog Server Settings to a vApp Network,” on page 82. If there is still a problem after you
synchronize, contact your system administrator.
Prerequisites
A routed vApp network.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Networking tab, select a vApp network, right-click, and select Properties.
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5
Click the Syslog Server Settings tab.
Apply Syslog Server Settings to a vApp Network
You apply syslog server settings to a routed vApp network to enable firewall rule logging.
Syslog server settings can only be specified by a system administrator. You should apply those settings to any
vApp network that was created before the system administrator specified them. You should also apply the
syslog server settings to a vApp network any time a system administrator changes the settings.
Prerequisites
A routed vApp network.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Networking tab, select a vApp network, right-click, and select Synchronize syslog server
settings.
5
Click Yes.
Editing vApp Properties
You can edit the properties of an existing vApp, including the vApp name and description, OVF environment
properties, leases, and sharing settings.
n
Modify a vApp Name and Description on page 82
You can change the name and description associated with a vApp to make it more meaningful.
n
Modify vApp OVF Environment Properties on page 83
If a vApp includes user-configurable OVF environment properties, you can review and modify those
properties.
n
Reset vApp Leases on page 83
You can reset the runtime and storage leases for a vApp.
n
Share a vApp on page 83
You can share your vApps with other groups or users in your organization. The access controls you set
determine the operations that can be completed on the shared vApps.
Modify a vApp Name and Description
You can change the name and description associated with a vApp to make it more meaningful.
You are at least a vApp user.
Procedure
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1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the General tab, modify the vApp name and description and click OK.
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Modify vApp OVF Environment Properties
If a vApp includes user-configurable OVF environment properties, you can review and modify those
properties.
If a virtual machine in the vApp includes a value for a user-configurable property of the same name, the virtual
machine value takes precedence.
Prerequisites
The vApp is stopped and its OVF environment includes user-configurable properties.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Custom Properties tab, modify the properties and click OK.
Reset vApp Leases
You can reset the runtime and storage leases for a vApp.
You are at least a vApp user.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the General tab, select the Reset leases check box, select a runtime and storage lease, and click OK.
Share a vApp
You can share your vApps with other groups or users in your organization. The access controls you set
determine the operations that can be completed on the shared vApps.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Share.
4
Click Add Members.
5
Select the users with whom you want to share the vApp.
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Option
Action
Everyone in the organization
Select this option.
Specific users and group
Select this option, select the users and groups, and click Add.
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6
7
Select an access level for the users and groups.
Option
Description
Full control
Users can open, start, save a vApp as a vApp template (Add to Catalog),
change the owner, copy to a catalog, and modify properties.
Read/write
Users can open, start, save a vApp as a vApp template (Add to Catalog),
copy to catalog, and modify properties.
Read only
Users only have read access to a vApp.
Click OK.
Your vApp is shared with the specified users or groups.
Display a vApp Diagram
A vApp diagram provides a graphical view of the virtual machines and networks in a vApp.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
On the vApps page, select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
3
Click the vApp Diagram tab.
The vApp diagram is displayed.
What to do next
You can perform most of the same operations from this tab that you can from the Virtual Machines and
Networking tabs.
Change the Owner of a vApp
You can change the owner of the vApp, for example, if a vApp owner leaves the company or changes roles
within the company.
You are an organization administrator.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Change Owner.
4
Search for a user or select one from the list.
You can search by user name or full name.
5
Click OK.
The new owner's name appears in the Owner column on the vApp page.
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Upgrade the Virtual Hardware Version for a vApp
You can upgrade the virtual hardware version for all the virtual machines in a vApp. Higher virtual hardware
versions support more features.
vCloud Director supports hardware version 4, hardware version 7, hardware version 8, and hardware version
9 virtual machines depending on the resources backing the organization's virtual datacenters.
You cannot downgrade the hardware version of the virtual machines in a vApp.
Prerequisites
The vApp must be stopped and its virtual machines must have the latest version of VMware Tools installed.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Upgrade Virtual Hardware Version.
4
Click Yes.
Save vApp as a vApp Template to Your Catalog
You can save a vApp as a vApp template and add it to the catalog.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Add to Catalog.
4
(Optional) Modify the name and description.
5
Select the destination vDC and catalog.
6
In the Storage lease: drop-down menu, select when you would like the vApp template to expire.
7
Select an option.
8
Option
Description
Make Identical Copy
vApps that are created from this vApp template must follow the guest
operating system settings of the vApp template. If you select this option, and
guest customization is enabled, the guest operating system is personalized.
Customize VM Settings
Guest operating system is personalized regardless of the vApp template
settings, and the guest operating system is personalized when the vApp is
deployed.
Click OK.
The vApp is saved as a vApp template in the selected catalog.
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Create a Snapshot of a vApp
You can take a snapshot of all the virtual machines in a vApp. After you take the snapshots, you can revert all
virtual machines in the vApp to the most recent snapshot, or remove all snapshots.
vApp snapshots have the following limitations.
n
They do not capture NIC configurations.
n
You cannot create them if any virtual machine in the vApp is connected to an independent disk.
Procedure
1
Select My Cloud > vApps.
2
Right-click the vApp and select Create Snapshot.
3
Click OK.
Revert a vApp to a Snapshot
You can revert all virtual machines in a vApp to the state they were in when the vApp snapshot was created.
Prerequisites
Verify that the vApp has a snapshot.
Procedure
1
Select My Cloud > vApps.
2
Right-click the vApp and select Revert to Snapshot.
3
Click Yes.
Remove a Snapshot of a vApp
You can remove a snapshot of a vApp.
Procedure
1
Select My Cloud > vApps.
2
Right-click the vApp and select Remove Snapshot.
3
Click Yes.
Copy a vApp to Another vDC
When you copy a vApp to another vDC, the original vApp remains in the source vDC.
Procedure
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1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Copy to.
4
Type a name and description.
5
Select a vDC.
6
Click OK.
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The new vDC for this vApp appears in the vDC column on the vAppspage.
Move a vApp to Another vDC
When you move a vApp to another vDC, the vApp is removed from the source vDC.
You are at least a vApp author.
Prerequisites
Your vApp is stopped.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Move to.
4
Select a vDC.
5
Click OK.
Delete a vApp
You can delete a vApp, which removes it from your organization.
You must be at least a vApp author.
Prerequisites
Your vApp must be stopped.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Delete.
4
Click Yes.
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9
Virtual machines have a guest operating system on which you can install and run any software supported by
that operating system. In vCloud Director, you can install VMware Tools, insert DVDs and floppy disks, and
remotely connect to virtual machines.
These are the most basic operations that you can do on a virtual machine.
n
Power On, which is equal to powering on a physical machine.
n
Power Off, which is equal to powering off a physical machine.
n
Suspend, where the CPU of a deployed virtual machine is frozen. You can suspend a machine when you
need to leave a virtual machine but do not want to lose its current state.
n
Reset, which power cycles the virtual machine.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Open a Virtual Machine Console,” on page 90
n
“Power On a Virtual Machine,” on page 90
n
“Power Off a Virtual Machine,” on page 90
n
“Reset a vApp or Virtual Machine,” on page 91
n
“Suspend a Virtual Machine,” on page 91
n
“Resume a Suspended Virtual Machine,” on page 91
n
“Discard the Suspended State of a Virtual Machine,” on page 91
n
“Insert a CD/DVD,” on page 92
n
“Eject a CD/DVD,” on page 92
n
“Insert a Floppy,” on page 92
n
“Eject a Floppy,” on page 93
n
“Upgrade the Virtual Hardware Version for a Virtual Machine,” on page 93
n
“Connect Remotely to a Virtual Machine,” on page 93
n
“Create a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine,” on page 94
n
“Revert a Virtual Machine to a Snapshot,” on page 94
n
“Remove a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine,” on page 94
n
“Copy or Move a Virtual Machine to a vApp,” on page 94
n
“Delete a Virtual Machine,” on page 95
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n
“Editing Virtual Machine Properties,” on page 95
n
“Installing VMware Tools,” on page 101
n
“Guest Operating Systems,” on page 112
Open a Virtual Machine Console
Accessing your virtual machine console allows you to view information about a virtual machine, work with
the guest operating system, and perform operations that affect the guest operating system.
You might be required to download and install VMware Remote Console Plug-In. Click OK in the dialog box
that appears.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine is powered on.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Popout Console.
If you close or refresh a virtual machine console while you have one or more client devices connected,
those devices are disconnected.
Power On a Virtual Machine
Powering on a virtual machine is the equivalent of powering on a physical machine.
You cannot power on a virtual machine that has guest customization enabled unless the virtual machine has
a current version of VMware Tools installed.
Prerequisites
A virtual machine that is powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Power On.
Power Off a Virtual Machine
Powering off a virtual machine is the equivalent of powering off a physical machine.
Prerequisites
A virtual machine that is powered on.
Procedure
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1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Power Off.
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Reset a vApp or Virtual Machine
Resetting a virtual machine clears state (memory, cache, and so on), but the vApps and virtual machines
continue to run.
Prerequisites
Your vApp is started and virtual machine is powered on.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, select vApps or VMs.
3
Select a vApp or virtual machine, right-click, and select Reset.
Suspend a Virtual Machine
Suspending a virtual machine preserves its current state.
Prerequisites
A virtual machine that is powered on.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Suspend.
4
Click Yes.
Resume a Suspended Virtual Machine
You can resume a suspended virtual machine to power it on and return it to the state it was in when you
suspended it.
Prerequisites
A suspended virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Resume.
Discard the Suspended State of a Virtual Machine
If a virtual machine is in a suspended state, you can discard this state, for example, to free storage space.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Discard Suspended State.
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Click Yes.
Insert a CD/DVD
You can access CD/DVD images from catalogs to use in a virtual machine guest operating system. You can
install operating systems, applications, drivers, and so on.
Prerequisites
You have access to a catalog with media files.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
In the right pane, select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Insert CD/DVD from Catalog.
4
Select a media file and click Insert.
The selected CD or DVD is inserted.
Eject a CD/DVD
After you have finished using a CD or DVD in your virtual machine you can eject it.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, select VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Eject CD/DVD.
The media file is removed from the virtual machine.
Insert a Floppy
You can access floppy disk images from catalogs to use in a guest operating system. When you insert a floppy
disk, you can install operating systems, applications, drivers, and so on.
Prerequisites
You have media files in your catalog.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Insert Floppy from Catalog.
4
Using the drop-down menu, select a floppy disk image or select one from the list and click Insert.
The selected floppy disk is inserted.
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Eject a Floppy
After you have finished using a floppy disk in your virtual machine you can eject it.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, select VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Eject Floppy.
The floppy disk is removed from the virtual machine.
Upgrade the Virtual Hardware Version for a Virtual Machine
You can upgrade the virtual hardware version for a virtual machine. Higher virtual hardware versions support
more features.
vCloud Director supports hardware version 4, hardware version 7, hardware version 8, and hardware version
9 virtual machines depending on the resources backing the organization's virtual datacenters.
You cannot downgrade the hardware version of a virtual machine.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine must be powered off and it must have the latest version of VMware Tools installed.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Upgrade Virtual Hardware Version.
4
Click Yes.
Connect Remotely to a Virtual Machine
You can use the Remote Desktop Connection file to connect to a deployed virtual machine from your desktop.
Prerequisites
n
The virtual machine must be powered on, running a Windows guest OS, and have Remote Desktop
enabled in the guest OS.
n
The virtual machine must have an IP assigned on its network that is accessible by the client.
n
The RDP port 3389 must be open on the guest OS.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Download Windows Remote Desktop Shortcut File.
4
In the Download RDP Shortcut File dialog box, click Yes.
5
Navigate to the location where you want to save the file and click Save.
6
Double-click the file and select Connect.
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Create a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine
You can take a snapshot of a virtual machine. After you take the snapshot, you can revert all the virtual
machines to the most recent snapshot, or remove the snapshot.
Snapshots do not capture NIC configurations.
Prerequisites
Verify that the virtual machine is not connected to an independent disk.
Procedure
1
Select My Cloud > VMs.
2
Right-click the vApp and select Create Snapshot.
3
Click OK.
Revert a Virtual Machine to a Snapshot
You can revert a virtual machine to the state it was in when the snapshot was created.
Prerequisites
Verify that the virtual machine has a snapshot.
Procedure
1
Select My Cloud > VMs.
2
Right-click the vApp and select Revert to Snapshot.
3
Click Yes.
Remove a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine
You can remove a snapshot of a virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select My Cloud > VMs.
2
Right-click the vApp and select Remove Snapshot.
3
Click Yes.
Copy or Move a Virtual Machine to a vApp
You can copy or move a virtual machine to another vApp. When you copy a virtual machine, the original
virtual machine remains in the source vApp. If you move a virtual machine, it is removed from the source
vApp.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine must be powered off.
Procedure
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1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Copy to or Move to.
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Follow the prompts to complete the wizard.
5
Click Finish.
Delete a Virtual Machine
You can delete a virtual machine from your organization.
Prerequisites
Your virtual machine must be powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Delete.
4
Click Yes.
Editing Virtual Machine Properties
You can edit the properties of a virtual machine, including the virtual machine name and description, CPU
and memory settings, and OVF environment settings.
n
Modify Virtual Machine General Properties on page 95
You can review and modify the name, description, and other general properties of a virtual machine.
n
Modify Virtual Machine CPUs and Memory on page 96
You can modify the number of virtual CPUs and memory for a virtual machine.
n
Modify Virtual Machine OVF Environment Properties on page 97
If a virtual machine includes user-configurable OVF environment properties, you can review and modify
those properties.
n
Configuring Virtual Machine Resource Allocation Settings on page 97
Reservation pool virtual datacenters support the ability to control resource allocation at the virtual
machine level. Users with the necessary rights can customize the amount of resources that are allocated
to their virtual machines.
n
Modifying Virtual Machine Hard Disks on page 99
You can add hard disks, edit hard disks, and delete hard disk from a virtual machine.
n
Modifying Virtual Machine Network Interfaces on page 100
You can modify virtual machine network settings, reset a MAC address, add a network interface, and
delete a network interface.
Modify Virtual Machine General Properties
You can review and modify the name, description, and other general properties of a virtual machine.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine must be powered off to modify some general properties.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
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Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the General tab, modify the properties and click OK.
Option
Description
Full name
The display name of the virtual machine in vCloud Director.
Computer name
The computer/host name set in the guest operating system that identifies the
virtual machine on a network. This field is restricted to 15 characters because
of a Windows OS limitation on computer names.
Description
An optional description of the virtual machines.
Operating System Family
Drop-down list containing supported operating system families.
Operating System
Drop-down list containing supported operating systems.
Virtual hardware version
The virtual hardware version of the virtual machine. Select the Upgrade to
and select a hardware version to upgrade the virtual machine hardware.
Virtual CPU hot add
Select the check box to enable virtual CPU hot add. This allows you to add
virtual CPUs to a powered on virtual machine. This feature is only supported
on certain guest operating systems and virtual machine hardware versions.
Memory hot add
Select the check box to enable memory hot add. This allows you to add
memory to a powered on virtual machine. This feature is only supported on
certain guest operating systems and virtual machine hardware versions.
Synchronize time
Select the check box to enable time synchronization between the virtual
machine guest operating system and the virtual datacenter in which it is
running.
Modify Virtual Machine CPUs and Memory
You can modify the number of virtual CPUs and memory for a virtual machine.
The number of virtual CPUs and memory that a virtual machine supports depends on its virtual hardware
version.
Table 9-1. Virtual Hardware Versions and CPU/Memory Support
Virtual Hardware Version
Maximum CPUs
Maximum Memory
HW4
4
64GB
HW7
8
255GB
HW8
32
1011GB
You must power off the virtual machine before adding CPUs or memory, unless the virtual machine supports
memory hot add and virtual CPU hot add.
Procedure
96
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Hardware tab, select the number of CPUs and total memory for the virtual machine.
5
Click OK.
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Modify Virtual Machine OVF Environment Properties
If a virtual machine includes user-configurable OVF environment properties, you can review and modify those
properties.
If the vApp containing the virtual machine includes a value for a user-configurable property of the same name,
the virtual machine value takes precedence.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine is powered off and its OVF environment includes user-configurable properties.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Custom Properties tab, modify the properties and click OK.
Configuring Virtual Machine Resource Allocation Settings
Reservation pool virtual datacenters support the ability to control resource allocation at the virtual machine
level. Users with the necessary rights can customize the amount of resources that are allocated to their virtual
machines.
Use the resource allocation settings (shares, reservation, and limit) to determine the amount of CPU, memory,
and storage resources provided for a virtual machine. Users have several options for allocating resources.
n
Ensure that a certain amount of memory for a virtual machine is provided by the virtual datacenter.
n
Guarantee that a particular virtual machine is always allocated a higher percentage of the virtual
datacenter resources than other virtual machines.
n
Set an upper bound on the resources that can be allocated to a virtual machine.
Resource Allocation Shares
Shares specify the relative importance of a virtual machine within a vDC. If a virtual machine has twice as
many shares of a resource as another virtual machine, it is entitled to consume twice as much of that resource
when these two virtual machines are competing for resources.
Shares are typically specified as High, Normal, or Low and these values specify share values with a 4:2:1 ratio,
respectively. You can also select Custom to assign a specific number of shares (which expresses a proportional
weight) to each virtual machine.
When you assign shares to a virtual machine, you always specify the priority for that virtual machine relative
to other powered-on virtual machines.
The following table shows the default CPU and memory share values for a virtual machine.
Table 9-2. Share Values
Setting
CPU share values
Memory share values
High
2000 shares per virtual CPU
20 shares per megabyte of configured virtual machine
memory.
Normal
1000 shares per virtual CPU
10 shares per megabyte of configured virtual machine
memory.
Low
500 shares per virtual CPU
5 shares per megabyte of configured virtual machine
memory.
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For example, a virtual machine with two virtual CPUs and 1GB RAM with CPU and memory shares set to
Normal has 2x1000=2000 shares of CPU and 10x1024=10240 shares of memory.
The relative priority represented by each share changes when a new virtual machine is powered on. This affects
all virtual machines in the same vDC.
Resource Allocation Reservation
A reservation specifies the guaranteed minimum allocation for a virtual machine.
vCloud Director allows you to power on a virtual machine only if there are enough unreserved resources to
satisfy the reservation of the virtual machine. The vDC guarantees that amount even when its resources are
heavily loaded. The reservation is expressed in concrete units (megahertz or megabytes).
For example, assume you have 2GHz available and specify a reservation of 1GHz for VM1 and 1GHz for VM2.
Now each virtual machine is guaranteed to get 1GHz if it needs it. However, if VM1 is using only 500MHz,
VM2 can use 1.5GHz.
Reservation defaults to 0. You can specify a reservation if you need to guarantee that the minimum required
amounts of CPU or memory are always available for the virtual machine.
Resource Allocation Limit
Limit specifies an upper bound for CPU and memory resources that can be allocated to a virtual machine.
A vDC can allocate more than the reservation to a virtual machine, but never allocates more than the limit,
even if there are unused resources on the system. The limit is expressed in concrete units (megahertz or
megabytes).
CPU and memory resource limits default to unlimited. When the memory limit is unlimited, the amount of
memory configured for the virtual machine when it was created becomes its effective limit in most cases.
In most cases, it is not necessary to specify a limit. You might waste idle resources if you specify a limit. The
system does not allow a virtual machine to use more resources than the limit, even when the system is
underutilized and idle resources are available. Specify a limit only if you have good reasons for doing so.
Configure Virtual Machine Resource Allocation Settings
You can configure the resource allocation settings (shares, reservation, and limit) to determine the amount of
CPU, memory, and storage resources provided for a virtual machine.
For more information about shares, reservations, and limits, see “Resource Allocation Shares,” on page 97,
“Resource Allocation Reservation,” on page 98, and “Resource Allocation Limit,” on page 98.
Prerequisites
A reservation pool vDC.
Procedure
98
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
Click the Resource Allocation tab and set the priority, reservation, and limit for CPU and memory.
5
Click OK.
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Modifying Virtual Machine Hard Disks
You can add hard disks, edit hard disks, and delete hard disk from a virtual machine.
Add a Virtual Machine Hard Disk
You can add a virtual hard disk to a virtual machine.
The virtual machine is powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Hardware tab, click Add in the Hard Disks section.
5
Select the disk size, bus type, bus number, and unit number and click OK.
What to do next
Power on the virtual machine and use the guest operating system tools to partition and format the new disk.
Edit a Virtual Machine Hard Disk
You can modify the bus number and unit number of a virtual machine hard disk.
The virtual machine is powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Hardware tab, select a new bus number or unit number in the Hard Disks section and click OK.
Delete a Virtual Machine Hard Disk
You can delete a virtual machine hard disk.
The virtual machine is powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Hardware tab, click Delete in the Hard Disks section and click Yes.
5
Click OK.
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Modifying Virtual Machine Network Interfaces
You can modify virtual machine network settings, reset a MAC address, add a network interface, and delete
a network interface.
Virtual machine version 4 supports up to four NICs, and virtual machine version 7 and 8 support up to ten
NICs.
Edit Network Interface Settings
You can disconnect a virtual machine NIC, change the network to which a NIC connects, specify a primary
NIC, and change the IP addressing mode for a NIC.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine is powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
In the NICs section on the Hardware tab, specify the network settings for each NIC.
5
Option
Action
Connected
Deselect the check box to disconnect a NIC.
Network
Select a network from the drop-down menu.
Primary NIC
Select a primary NIC. The primary NIC setting determines the default and
only gateway for the virtual machine.The virtual machine can use any NIC
to connect to other machines that are directly connected to the same network
as the NIC, but it can only use the primary NIC to connect to machines on
networks that require a gateway connection.
IP Mode
Select an IP mode.
n Static - IP Pool pulls IP addresses from the network's IP pool.
n Static - Manual allows you to specify an IP address.
n DHCP pulls IP addresses from a DHCP server.
IP Address
If you selected Static - Manual, type an IP address.
Click OK.
Reset a Network Interface MAC Address
You can reset a network interface MAC address if, for example, you have a MAC address conflict or if you
need to discard saved state quickly and easily.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine is powered off.
Procedure
100
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
Click the Hardware tab.
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In the NICs section, click the MAC Addressdrop-down menu and select Reset.
6
Click OK.
Add a Network Interface
You can add one or more virtual NICs to a virtual machine.
Virtual machine version 4 supports up to four NICs, and virtual machine version 7 and 8 support up to ten
NICs.
For information about supported network adapter types, see http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1001805.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine is powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
In the NICs section on the Hardware tab, click Add.
5
(Optional) Modify the NIC settings.
6
Click OK.
Remove a Network Interface
You can remove NICs from a virtual machines.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine is powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
In the NICs section on the Hardware tab, click Delete.
5
Click OK.
Installing VMware Tools
VMware Tools supports shared folders and cut and paste operations between the guest operating system and
the machine from which you launch the vCloud Director Web console.
vCloud Director depends on VMware Tools to customize the guest OS. Using VMware Tools, you can move
the pointer in and out of the virtual machine console window.
A virtual machine must be powered on to install VMware Tools.
Install VMware Tools in a New Virtual Machine with No Guest Operating System
If your newly created virtual machine has no guest operating system, you must install it before you can install
VMware Tools.
You must be at least a vApp User.
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Prerequisites
You have created a vApp in which you have a blank virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, selectvApps > Open.
3
On the Virtual Machinestab, select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Power On.
4
Log into the virtual machine console and install the guest operating system.
5
Install VMware Tools.
6
Power off the virtual machine.
7
Select the virtual machine, right-click and select Properties.
8
On the Guest OS Customization tab, select the Enable guest customization check box.
9
Power the virtual machine on.
The guest OS in your newly created virtual machine has been customized.
Installing VMware Tools in a vApp
When you install VMware Tools in a virtual machine in a vApp, you need to understand the process.
You can trigger VMware Tools installation on a powered on guest virtual machine in a vApp by selecting the
virtual machine, right-click, and selecting Install VMware Tools. Popout the virtual machine console to
continue with the installation. For information on installing in a variety of guest OSs, see Table 9-3.
Table 9-3. Installing VMware Tools
Action
Reference
To install on a Windows Guest
“Install VMware Tools on a Windows Guest,” on page 109
To install on a Linux Guest
n
n
To install on a Solaris Guest
“Install VMware Tools on a Linux Guest in X with the
RPM Installer,” on page 109
“Install VMware Tools on a Linux Guest with the Tar
Installer or RPM Installer,” on page 110
“Install VMware Tools on a Solaris Guest,” on page 111
If the settings on a guest virtual machine are not in synch with vCloud Director or an attempt to perform guest
customization has failed, you can select the virtual machine, right-click, and select Power on and Force recustomization.
When you select Add to My Cloud or Add from Catalog on a vApp template, these are the available options
on the vApp template Properties page.
n
Make identical copy
n
Customize VM Settings
The vApp template is added and saved as a vApp in your organization. These options are not used when you
use a virtual machine, when you create a new vApp, or add a new virtual machine.
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Install VMware Tools in a Virtual Machine in a vApp
vApp deployment can fail if VMware Tools are not installed on the virtual machines in the vApp.
Prerequisites
You must stop the vApp.
Procedure
1
Disable Guest Customization on page 103
To install VMware Tools in a virtual machine in a vApp, you must disable guest customization.
2
Start the vApp on page 103
After you install VMware Tools, you must start the vApp.
3
Install VMware Tools on page 103
You must install VMware Tools in your virtual machines to customize the guest operation system.
4
Stop the vApp on page 104
To enable guest customization on a virtual machine, you must stop the vApp.
5
Enable Guest Customization on page 104
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools in your virtual machines, you must enable guest
customization.
6
Start the vApp on page 104
After you install VMware Tools, you must start the vApp.
Disable Guest Customization
To install VMware Tools in a virtual machine in a vApp, you must disable guest customization.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, select VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Guest OS Customization tab, deselect the Enable guest customization check box.
Start the vApp
After you install VMware Tools, you must start the vApp.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
The virtual machines in the vApp will customize when you power on. The guest OS will be rebooted
during customization if necessary.
3
Select the vApp, right click, and select Start.
Install VMware Tools
You must install VMware Tools in your virtual machines to customize the guest operation system.
You are at least a vApp User.
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Prerequisites
Guest customization is disabled on the relevant virtual machines.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Virtual Machines tab, select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Power On.
5
Select the virtual machine, right-click, and select Install VMware Tools.
VMware tools installation is triggered or Tools CD is mounted. You need to open the virtual machine
console to complete the installation.
VMware Tools is installed.
Stop the vApp
To enable guest customization on a virtual machine, you must stop the vApp.
You are at least a vApp User.
Prerequisites
Your vApp is started.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
Power off your virtual machines.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Stop.
The vApp is stopped.
Enable Guest Customization
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools in your virtual machines, you must enable guest customization.
Procedure
1
On the Guest OS Customization tab, select the Enable guest customization check box.
2
Select the other check boxes in the dialog box as relevant.
Start the vApp
After you install VMware Tools, you must start the vApp.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
The virtual machines in the vApp will customize when you power on. The guest OS will be rebooted
during customization if necessary.
3
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Install VMware Tools in a vApp Template
You can install VMware Tools on a virtual machine for which guest customization is enabled.
Prerequisites
Guest customization is enabled on the virtual machine's Properties page.
Procedure
1
Save the vApp Template as a vApp on page 105
To install VMware Tools in a vApp, you must save it as a vApp.
2
Disable Guest Customization on page 105
Before you can install VMware Tools on a virtual machine, you must disable guest customization.
3
Install VMware Tools on page 106
You must install VMware Tools in your virtual machines to customize the guest operation system.
4
Enable Guest Customization on page 106
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools in your virtual machines, you must enable guest
customization.
5
Add vApp to Catalog on page 106
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools, you can add the updated vApp to your catalog.
Save the vApp Template as a vApp
To install VMware Tools in a vApp, you must save it as a vApp.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template, right-click, and select Properties.
3
Select Make Identical Copy.
4
Select the vApp template, right-click, and select Add to My Cloud.
The vApp template has been saved as a vApp.
What to do next
You need to install VMware Tools.
Disable Guest Customization
Before you can install VMware Tools on a virtual machine, you must disable guest customization.
Procedure
1
On thevApps page, select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
2
Select My Cloud > vApps.
3
In a vApp, select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Guest OS Customization tab, deselect the Enable guest customization and other check boxes as
desired.
5
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties
6
On the Guest OS Customization tab, deselect the Enable guest customization check box.
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7
Select the vApp, right-click, and select Start.
Install VMware Tools
You must install VMware Tools in your virtual machines to customize the guest operation system.
You are at least a vApp User.
Prerequisites
Guest customization is disabled on the relevant virtual machines.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
3
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Virtual Machines tab, select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Power On.
5
Select the virtual machine, right-click, and select Install VMware Tools.
VMware tools installation is triggered or Tools CD is mounted. You need to open the virtual machine
console to complete the installation.
VMware Tools is installed.
Enable Guest Customization
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools in your virtual machines, you must enable guest customization.
Procedure
1
On the Guest OS Customization tab, select the Enable guest customization check box.
2
Select the other check boxes in the dialog box as relevant.
Add vApp to Catalog
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools, you can add the updated vApp to your catalog.
Procedure
1
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Stop.
2
Select the vApp, right-click, and select Add vApp to Catalog.
3
Select the vApp template, right-click, and select Properties.
4
Select Customize VM Settings or Make Identical Copy.
5
(Optional) Delete the previous version of the vApp template, if necessary.
Install VMware Tools With Guest Customization Disabled
You can install VMware Tools in a vApp template when guest customization is disabled.
Prerequisites
Guest customization is disabled on the virtual machine Properties page.
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Procedure
1
Save the vApp Template as a vApp on page 107
To install VMware Tools in a vApp, you must save it as a vApp.
2
Install or Upgrade VMware Tools on page 107
You can either install VMware Tools or upgrade the current version in your virtual machine.
3
Enable Guest Customization on page 107
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools in your virtual machines, you must enable guest
customization.
4
Add vApp to Catalog on page 108
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools, you can add the updated vApp to your catalog.
Save the vApp Template as a vApp
To install VMware Tools in a vApp, you must save it as a vApp.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template, right-click, and select Properties.
3
Select Make Identical Copy.
4
Select the vApp template, right-click, and select Add to My Cloud.
The vApp template has been saved as a vApp.
What to do next
You need to install VMware Tools.
Install or Upgrade VMware Tools
You can either install VMware Tools or upgrade the current version in your virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, select vApps.
3
On the vApps page, select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
5
In the Guest OS Customization tab, deselect the Enable guest customization and other check boxes as
desired.
6
Right-click the virtual machine and select Install VMware Tools.
Enable Guest Customization
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools in your virtual machines, you must enable guest customization.
Procedure
1
On the Guest OS Customization tab, select the Enable guest customization check box.
2
Select the other check boxes in the dialog box as relevant.
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Add vApp to Catalog
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools, you can add the updated vApp to your catalog.
Procedure
1
Select a vApp, right-click, and select Stop.
2
Select the vApp, right-click, and select Add vApp to Catalog.
3
Select the vApp template, right-click, and select Properties.
4
Select Customize VM Settings or Make Identical Copy.
5
(Optional) Delete the previous version of the vApp template, if necessary.
Upgrade VMware Tools
If the version of VMware Tools is earlier than 7299 in a virtual machine in your vApp, you must upgrade it.
Upgrading VMware Tools might involve uninstalling your existing VMware Tools versions and installing a
new one from a CD mounted in the operating system. This process can also be done automatically.
Prerequisites
You must stop the vApp.
Procedure
1
Install a New Version of VMware Tools on page 108
After you disable guest customization, you can upgrade VMware Tools.
2
Enable Guest Customization on page 108
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools in your virtual machines, you must enable guest
customization.
3
Start the vApp on page 109
After you install VMware Tools, you must start the vApp.
Install a New Version of VMware Tools
After you disable guest customization, you can upgrade VMware Tools.
Procedure
1
Select the vApp, right-click, and select Start.
2
Select the virtual machine, right-click, and select Install VMware Tools.
The process is different based on the operating system.
Enable Guest Customization
After you install or upgrade VMware Tools in your virtual machines, you must enable guest customization.
Procedure
108
1
On the Guest OS Customization tab, select the Enable guest customization check box.
2
Select the other check boxes in the dialog box as relevant.
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Start the vApp
After you install VMware Tools, you must start the vApp.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApps.
The virtual machines in the vApp will customize when you power on. The guest OS will be rebooted
during customization if necessary.
3
Select the vApp, right click, and select Start.
Install VMware Tools on a Windows Guest
vCloud Director uses VMware Tools to customize the Windows guest operating system.
Prerequisites
n
The VMware Remote Console plug-in is installed.
n
Your virtual machine is powered off.
n
You have disabled the option to install VMware Tools on a powered off virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Install VMware Tools.
4
Follow the prompts to complete the installation wizard.
5
Click Finish.
6
Restart your virtual machine.
Install VMware Tools on a Linux Guest in X with the RPM Installer
You can use an RPM installer to install VMware Tools on a Linux guest operating system.
Prerequisites
The VMware Remote Console plug-in is installed.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a Linux virtual machine, right-click, and select Popout Console.
4
In the guest operating system, start the RPM installer.
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n
Double-click the VMware Tools CD icon on your desktop and double-click the RPM installer in the
root of the CD-ROM.
n
Double-click the RPM installer in the file manager window.
Type the root password and click OK.
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6
Click Continue when the package is ready.
When VMware Tools is installed, no confirmation or Finish button appears.
7
In an X terminal, as root, run the vmware-config-tools.pl script to configure VMware Tools.
8
Press Enter to accept the default value.
9
After the upgrade is complete, enter /etc/init.d/network to restart the network.
10
Type exit.
11
To start the VMware Tools control panel, enter vmware-toolbox &.
Install VMware Tools on a Linux Guest with the Tar Installer or RPM Installer
You can use a Tar command or RPM installer to install VMware tools on a Linux guest OS with a Tar or RPM.
Prerequisites
n
The VMware Remote Console plug-in is installed.
n
The virtual machine is powered on.
n
With an existing installation, delete the vmware-tools-distrib directory before you install. The location
of this directory depends on where you placed it during the previous installation (such as,
tmp/vmware-tools-distrib).
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a Linux virtual machine, right-click, and select Install VMware Tools.
4
Right-click the virtual machine again and click Popout Console.
5
In the guest operating system, log in as root (su-), mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image, and
change to a working directory (for example, /tmp.
Some Linux distributions automatically mount CD-ROMs. If your distribution uses automounting, do not
use the mount and unmount commands. You still must untar the VMware Tools installer to /tmp. Some
Linux distributions use different device names or organize the /dev directory differently. If your CD-ROM
drive is not /dev/cdrom, or if the mount point for a CD-ROM is not /mnt/cdrom, modify these commands
to reflect the conventions used by your distribution.
mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
cd /tmp
6
Uncompress the installer and unmount the CD-ROM image.
If you install an RPM installation over a tar installation, or the reverse, the installer detects the previous
installation and must convert the installer database format before continuing.
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Option
Action
In the tar installer
At the command prompt, type
tar zxpf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-8.5.1-<xxxxxx>.tar.gz
unmount /dev/cdrom where <xxxxxx> is the build or revision number of
the release.
In the RPM installer
At the command prompt, type
tar zxpf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-8.5.1-<xxxxxx>.i386.gz
unmount /dev/cdrom where <xxxxxx> is the build/revision number of the
release.
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7
Run the installer.
Option
Action
In the tar installer
Type cd vmware-tools-distrib./vmware-install.pl. Press Enter to
accept the default values.
In the RPM installer
Configure VMware Tools, type vmware-config-tools.pl Press Enter to
accept the default values.
8
After the upgrade is complete, restart the network by running /etc/init.d/network restart.
9
Type exit.
10
Start your graphical environment.
11
In an X terminal, run vmware-toolbox &.
Install VMware Tools on a Solaris Guest
You can install VMware Tools on a Solaris guest OS.
Prerequisites
The VMware Remote Console plug-in is installed.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a Solaris virtual machine, right click, and select Install VMware Tools.
4
Click Popout Console.
5
In the virtual machine, log in as root and, if necessary, mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image.
The Solaris volume manager vold mounts the CD-ROM under /cdrom/vmwaretools.
6
7
8
If the CD-ROM is not mounted, restart the volume manager by running these commands.
n
/etc/init.d/volmgt stop
n
/etc/init.d/volmgt start
After the CD-ROM is mounted, change to a working directory, for example, /tmp and extract VMware
Tools.
n
cd /tmp
n
gunzip -c /cdrom/vmwaretools/vmware-solaris-tools.tar.gz | tar xf-
Run the VMware Tools tar installer.
n
cd vmware-tools-distrib
n
./vmware-install.pl
9
Press Enter to accept the default value.
10
Type exit.
11
Start your graphical environment.
12
In an X terminal, enter vmware-toolbox &.
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Guest Operating Systems
A guest operating system is an operating system that runs inside a virtual machine. You can install a guest
operating system in a virtual machine and control guest operating system customization for virtual machines
created from vApp templates.
In “Guest Operating System Support,” on page 119, you can see a list of the supported guest operating systems
and whether customization is automatic or manual.
Install a Guest Operating System
With a guest OS you can manage virtual machines that are based on the available operating systems.
Prerequisites
The appropriate media file must be in your catalog.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Insert CD/DVD.
4
Select an available media file in the top panel or select one and add it to your vDC in the bottom panel.
5
Click OK.
6
Point to the virtual machine name and press Ctrl+Alt+Del to boot from the ISO image and start the
operating system installer.
7
In the virtual machine console, type the required information to complete the installation.
8
Click Finish.
Customizing Your Guest Operating System
When you customize your guest OS you can set up a virtual machine with the operating system that you want.
vCloud Director can customize the network settings of the guest operating system of a virtual machine created
from a vApp template. When you customize your guest operating system, you can create and deploy multiple
unique virtual machines based on the same vApp template without machine name or network conflicts.
When you configure a vApp template with the prerequisites for guest customization and add a virtual machine
to a vApp based on that template, vCloud Director creates a package with guest customization tools. When
you deploy and power on the virtual machine for the first time, vCloud Director copies the package, runs the
tools, and deletes the package from the virtual machine.
Understanding Guest Customization
When you customize your guest operating system, there are some settings and options you should know about.
Enable Guest Customization Check Box
This check box is found on the Guest OS customization tab on the virtual machine Properties page. The goal
of guest customization is to configure based on the options selected in the Properties page. If this check box is
selected, guest customization and re-customization is performed when required.
This process is required for all guest customization features, such as the computer name, network settings,
setting and expiring the administrator/root password, SID change for Windows Operating systems, and so on,
to work. This option should be selected for Power on and Force re-customization to work.
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If the check box is selected, and the virtual machine's configuration parameters in vCloud Director are out of
synch with the settings in the guest OS, the Profile tab on the virtual machines Properties page displays that
the settings out of synch with the guest OS and the virtual machine needs guest customization.
Guest customization Behavior for vApps and Virtual Machines
The check boxes are deselected.
n
Enable guest customization
n
In Windows guest OSs, Change SID
n
Password reset
If you want to perform customization (or you made changes to network settings that need to be reflected in
the guest OS), you can select the Enable guest customizationcheck box and set the options on the Guest OS
Customization tab of the virtual machine Properties page. When virtual machines from vApp templates are
used to create a new vApp and then add a virtual machine, the vApp templates act as building blocks. When
you add virtual machines from the catalog to a new vApp, the virtual machines are enabled for guest
customization by default. When you save a vApp template from a catalog as a vApp, virtual machines are
enabled for guest customization only if the Enable guest customization check box is selected.
These are the default values of guest customization settings:
n
The Enable guest customization check box is the same as the source virtual machine in your Catalog.
n
For Windows guest virtual machines, Change SID is the same as the source virtual machine in your
catalog.
n
The password reset setting is same as the source virtual machine in your catalog.
You can deselect the Enable guest customization check box if required before you start the VApp.
If blank virtual machines, which are pending guest OS installation, are added to a vApp, the Enable guest
customization check box is deselected by default because these virtual machines are not yet ready for
customization .
After you install the guest OS and VMware Tools, you can power off the virtual machines, stop vApp, and
select the Enable guest customization check box and start the vApp and virtual machines to perform guest
customization.
If the virtual machine name and network settings are updated on a virtual machine that has been customized,
the next time you power on the virtual machine, it is re-customized, which resynchronizes the guest virtual
machine with vCloud Director
Customizing a Guest OS When Saving a vApp Template as a vApp
Before you customize a guest OS in a vApp template, you need to understand the settings you need to make.
On the vApp Templates Propertiespage, if you select Customize VM Settings for the When creating a vApp
from this template option, and you select Add to My Cloud or Add from Catalog, the Enable guest
customization check box is selected by default and guest customization is performed.
These are the default values of guest customization settings.
n
The Enable guest customization check box is selected.
n
For Windows guest VMs, the Change SID option is the same as the source virtual machine in your catalog.
n
Password reset setting is the same as the source virtual machine in your catalog.
If you select Make Identical Copy on the vApp template Properties page, and select Add to My Cloud, the
settings in the vApp Template are applied to the new vApp, regardless of whether customization is enabled.
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These are the default values of guest customization settings.
n
The Enable guest customization check box is deselected.
n
In Windows guest virtual machines, the Change SIDcheck box is deselected.
n
The password reset setting is deselected.
After you import or upload to a catalog, these are the default values.
n
The Customize VM Settings check box is selected in the vApp
n
The Enable guest customization check box is selected for the virtual machines.
n
For Windows guest VMs, the Change SID check box is selected for the virtual machines.
n
The Password reset setting is selected by default for the virtual machines.
If you are a vApp template owner and you import or upload to a catalog, you must check the VMware Tools
version installed on the virtual machines in the vApp. To do this, select the vApp template, right-click, and
select Open. Tools version is shown in the VMware Tools column. If you select Customize VM Settings,
VMware Tools should be installed on all virtual machines. See “Installing VMware Tools,” on page 101 for
more information.
Enable or Disable Guest Customization
You can disable guest customization for a virtual machine or a vApp template.
Prerequisites
VMware Tools is installed.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click vApp or VMs.
3
Select a vApp or virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Guest OS Customization tab, select or deselect the Enable guest customization check box.
5
Click OK.
Guest customization in the selected virtual machine is enabled or disabled.
Change Guest Customization Settings for Virtual Machines in a vApp Template
You can change the guest customize settings on virtual machines in a vApp template when the virtual machines
are used as building blocks to create a new vApp.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template, right-click, and select Add to My Cloud.
The vApp template is saved as a vApp.
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3
Select the vApp, right-click, and select Open.
4
On the Virtual Machines tab, select the virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
5
On the Guest Customization OS tab, select or deselect the Enable guest customization check box and
click OK.
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6
Select the vApp, right-click, and select Add to Catalog.
The vApp is saved as a vApp template in the selected catalog.
Power on and Force Recustomization of a Virtual Machine
If the settings on a guest virtual machine are not in synch with vCloud Director or an attempt to perform guest
customization has failed, you can power on and force the recustomization of the virtual machine.
You are at least a vApp user.
NOTE If you select the Change SID check box, a SID change will occur on the guest virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In vApps, select a vApp, right-click, and select Open.
3
On the Virtual Machines tab, select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Power On and Force Recustomization.
The virtual machine is now recustomized.
Customize Your Windows NT vApp Template
You must manually customize Windows NT vApp templates.
Prerequisites
n
Ensure minimum NT SP6 is installed.
n
Ensure VMware Tools are installed.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
On the vApp Templates tab, select a vApp template.
3
Right-click and select Add to My Cloud.
4
In the guest OS, shut down the virtual machine.
5
Power off the virtual machine and ensure that the Enable guest customization check box is selected.
You must ensure that the virtual machine's NIC is not set to NONE network.
6
Start the vApp and power on the virtual machine.
The Customization CD is mounted automatically after the virtual machine powers on.
7
Right-click on the CD ROM and select Auto play.
This step copies the deployPkg.dll file to WINNT folder.
8
Power off the virtual machine.
9
Stop the vApp
10
Right-click the vApp template and select Copy to Catalog.
11
(Optional) Delete the original vApp template.
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A script starts that copies files to the guest and prepares the virtual machine template for customization.
NOTE If you add new Windows NT vApp Templates, you need to complete only steps 4-7 once. You do not
need to repeat these steps for additional virtual machines in the Catalog that result from copying these virtual
machines.
Customize Your Solaris vApp Template
You must manually customize Solaris vApp templates.
Prerequisites
Ensure VMware Tools are installed.
Procedure
1
Click Catalogs.
2
Select a vApp Template, right-click, and select Add to My Cloud.
3
In the guest OS, shut down the virtual machine.
4
Ensure that the Enable guest customization check box is selected and power off the virtual machine.
5
Start the vApp and power on the virtual machine.
The Customization CD is mounted automatically after the virtual machine powers on.
6
Log in to the Solaris guest operating system.
7
In the terminal, run these case-sensitive commands:
/etc/init.d/volmgt stop
/etc/init.d/volmgt start
sh /cdrom/cdrom/customize-guest.sh install
eject cdrom
8
Run shutdown -y -g0 -i5 to shut down the virtual machine from inside the guest operating system.
9
Stop the vApp.
10
Select the vApp template, right-click, and select Copy to Catalog.
11
(Optional) Delete the original vApp template.
A script starts that copies files to the guest and prepares the virtual machine template for customization.
NOTE If you add new Solaris vApp Templates, you need to complete only steps 4-7 once. You do not need to
repeat these steps for additional virtual machines in the Catalog that result from copying these virtual
machines.
Upload a Customization Script
You can upload a customization script to a virtual machine. The script runs before and after guest customization
when you deploy a virtual machine based on a vApp template.
When you add a customization script to a virtual machine, the script is called:
n
Only on initial customization and force recustomization.
n
With the "precustomization" command line parameter before guest customization begins.
n
With the "postcustomization" command line parameter after guest customization finishes.
The customization script cannot exceed 1500 characters.
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Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
In the right pane, select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Guest OS Customization tab, in the Customization Script panel, click Browse.
5
Navigate to your script file and click Open.
The file must be a batch file for Windows virtual machines and a shell script for Unix virtual machines.
6
Click OK.
Example: Customization Script Examples
A sample Windows batch file:
@echo off
if "%1%" == "precustomization" (
echo Do precustomization tasks
) else if "%1%" == "postcustomization" (
echo Do postcustomization tasks
)
A sample Unix shell script:
#!/bin/sh
if [ x$1 == x"precustomization" ]; then
echo Do Precustomization tasks
elif [ x$1 == x"postcustomization" ]; then
echo Do Postcustomization tasks
fi
Reset Your Virtual Machine's Password
You can reset your virtual machine's password.
Prerequisites
The virtual machine's guest OS is personalized, and your virtual machine is powered off.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Guest OS Customization tab, select the Enable guest customization check box.
5
Select the Allow local administrator password check box.
6
To force all administrators to change the password at the initial log in, select the Require administrator
to change password on first login check box.
Administrators must know the old password.
7
Determine whether you want an automatically generated password.
To use a specific password, select Specify password and type it.
8
(Optional) To use a specific password, select Specify password and type the password.
9
Click OK.
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The password for your virtual machine is reset.
Domain Join Requirements for Windows
The automatic domain join feature has several requirements.
During the customization process, for Windows 2000, Microsoft Sysprep attempts to join the domain before
network customization occurs. Therefore, the network properties of the source virtual machine are used to
attempt to join the domain.
n
If the source virtual machine network properties are such that the domain controller is not resolvable,
domain join fails.
n
If the source virtual machine was configured with a manually configured DNS, that DNS is contacted to
resolve the domain controller even if the manually configured DNS is not on the network. In the case
where the DNS cannot be found, domain join fails.
n
If the source Windows 2000 virtual machine was configured with DHCP, the new network DHCP is used
to attempt to resolve the domain controller. In this case, if the DNS that is configured to the DHCP can
resolve the domain controller, domain join succeeds.
During customization for Microsoft Windows XP or later, Microsoft Sysprep resets the guest to configure the
network settings to DHCP before attempting to join the domain, regardless of the source virtual machine or
network settings. For automatic domain join to succeed, the DHCP on the network must be able to resolve the
domain controller.
Join a Windows Guest Domain During Guest Operating System Personalization
A virtual machine can join a Windows guest domain when you personalize your guest OS.
Prerequisites
In a virtual machine's Properties page, the Enable guest customization check box is selected.
Procedure
1
Click My Cloud.
2
In the left pane, click VMs.
3
Select a virtual machine, right-click, and select Properties.
4
On the Guest OS Customization tab, select the Enable this VM to join a domain check box.
Override organization settings is selected by default.
5
Type a domain name, user name, and password.
6
Under Customization Script, click Browse, to upload a locally saved file.
7
Click OK.
The selected virtual machine joins the Windows guest domain.
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Guest Operating System Support
vCloud Director supports a wide variety of 32-bit and 64-bit operating systems in its virtual machine templates
and virtual machines. VMware recommends that you use version 9, but you can import version 4 virtual
machines.
Microsoft Windows Guest Operating System Support, 32-Bit Support
For 32-bit Windows operating systems, Table 9-4 provides the virtual machine version and whether guest
customization is automatic or manual on 32-bit Windows guest operating systems.
Table 9-4. Microsoft Windows Guest Operating System Support, 32-Bit Support
Operating System
Virtual Machine Version
Customization Support
Microsoft Windows 8
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows 7
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Server 2008
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Server 2003,
Enterprise Edition
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Server 2003,
Datacenter Edition
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Server 2003,
Standard Edition
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web
Edition
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Small Business
Server 2003
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Vista
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows XP Professional
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced
Server
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Guest Operating System Support, 64-Bit Support
For 64-bit Windows guest operating systems, Table 9-5 provides the virtual machine version and whether guest
customization is automatic or manual.
Table 9-5. Microsoft Windows Guest Operating System Support, 64-Bit Support
Operating System
Virtual Machine Version
Customization Support
Microsoft Windows 8
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows 7
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Server 2008 R2
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Server 2008
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Server 2003,
Enterprise Edition
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Server 2003,
Datacenter Edition
Version 9
Automatic
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Table 9-5. Microsoft Windows Guest Operating System Support, 64-Bit Support (Continued)
Operating System
Virtual Machine Version
Customization Support
Microsoft Windows Server 2003,
Standard Edition
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows Vista
Version 9
Automatic
Microsoft Windows XP Professional
Version 9
Automatic
UNIX/Linux Guest Operating System Support, 32-Bit Support
For 32-bit UNIX and Linux guest operating systems, Table 9-6 provides the virtual machine version and
whether guest customization is automatic or manual.
Table 9-6. UNIX/Linux Guest Operating System Support, 32-Bit Support
Operating System
Virtual Machine Version
Customization Support
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6
Version 9
Automatic
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5
Version 9
Automatic
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4
Version 9
Automatic
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3
Version 9
Automatic
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2
Version 9
Automatic
SUSE Enterprise Linux 11
Version 9
Automatic
SUSE Enterprise Linux 10
Version 9
Automatic
SUSE Enterprise Linux 8/9
Version 9
Automatic
Open Enterprise Server
Version 9
Automatic
CentOS
Version 9
Automatic
Ubuntu Linux
Version 9
Automatic
Other 2.6x Linux
Version 9
Automatic
Other 2.4x Linux
Version 9
Automatic
Other Linux
Version 9
Automatic
UNIX/Linux Guest Operating System Support, 64-Bit Support
For 64-bit UNIX and Linux guest operating system support, Table 9-7 provides the virtual machine version
and whether guest customization is automatic or manual.
Table 9-7. UNIX/Linux Guest Operating System Support, 64-Bit Support
120
Operating System
Virtual Machine Version
Customization Support
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6
Version 9
Automatic
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5
Version 9
Automatic
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4
Version 9
Automatic
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3
Version 9
Automatic
SUSE Enterprise Linux 11
Version 9
Automatic
SUSE Enterprise Linux 10
Version 9
Automatic
SUSE Enterprise Linux 8/9
Version 9
Automatic
CentOS
Version 9
Automatic
Ubuntu Linux
Version 9
Automatic
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Table 9-7. UNIX/Linux Guest Operating System Support, 64-Bit Support (Continued)
Operating System
Virtual Machine Version
Customization Support
Other 2.6x Linux
Version 9
Automatic
Other 2.4x Linux
Version 9
Automatic
Other Linux
Version 9
Automatic
Solaris Guest Operating System, 32-Bit Support
For 32-bit Solaris guest operating systems, Table 9-8 provides the virtual machine version and whether guest
customization is automatic or manual.
Table 9-8. Solaris Guest Operating System, 32-Bit Support
Operating System
Virtual Machine Version
Customization Support
Sun Solaris 11
Version 9
Manual
Sun Solaris 10
Version 9
Manual
Sun Solaris 9
Version 9
Manual
Sun Solaris 8
Version 9
Manual
Solaris Guest Operating System, 64-Bit Support
For 64-bit Solaris guest operating systems, Table 9-9 provides the virtual machine version and whether guest
customization is automatic or manual.
Table 9-9. Solaris Guest Operating System, 64-Bit Support
Operating System
Virtual Machine Version
Customization Support
Sun Solaris 11
Version 9
Manual
Sun Solaris 10
Version 9
Manual
VMware, Inc.
121
vCloud Director User's Guide
122
VMware, Inc.
Index
C
catalog
access contents 46
add new 45
change owner 47
delete 48
media file from public catalog 49
properties, modify 48
public catalogs 49
publish 46
share 47
understanding 48
vApp template from public catalog 49
working with 45
changing your password 13
D
DHCP network services 23, 73
E
expired items, working with 34
F
guest OS
customizing guest OS when saving vApp
template as a vApp 113
understanding guest customization 112
I
importing virtual machines 69
IP address persistence 81
L
leases, runtime and storage 35
limit 98
M
media files
access in a catalog 49
copy 52
delete 53
modify properties 53
move 52
resume upload 52
upload 51
working with 51
firewall rules, setting the order 26, 76
N
G
network services 23, 73
getting started 9
getting started, Home page 10
groups
delete 19
import 19
modify properties 20
working with 19
guest customization
change settings in a virtual machine 114
customization script 116
customize a Windows vApp template 115
customize Solaris vApp template 116
enable or disable guest customization 114
guest OS customization 112
guest OS support 119
join Windows guest domain 118
requirements to join a domain 118
reset password 117
O
VMware, Inc.
organization vDC networks
adding a firewall rule 24
adding a static route 29, 30
adding IP addresses 32
apply syslog server settings 33
configuring DHCP 23
configuring firewalls 24
configuring services 23
connected vApp templates 33
connected vApps 33
create VPN tunnel 27, 28
enabling static routing 29
enabling VPN 26
managing 22
ordering firewall rules 26
resetting 32
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vCloud Director User's Guide
view syslog server settings 33
viewing IP usage 32
organizations
adding LDAP users and groups 37
adding local users 37
adding SAML users and groups 37
change full name 36
cloud resources 21
email preferences 37
enable domain join 40
lease settings 38
limit settings 38
manage resources 41
manage users and groups 41
manage virtual machines 42
modify email settings 39
modify policies 39
monitoring events 42
monitoring tasks 43
monitoring the log 42
quota settings 38
review the profile 38
set up 36
SMTP server 37
working in 35
P
port forwarding rules, setting the order 78
R
reservation 98
resource allocation settings
limit 98
reservation 98
shares 97
roles, modify 18
runtime leases 35
S
SAML 40
shares 97
single sign-on 40
snapshots
remove 86, 94
revert 86, 94
vApp 86
virtual machine 94
SSO 40
storage leases 35
T
Technical Support, to obtain 7
124
U
user and groups, managing 15
user preferences 13
users
activate or deactivate 18
add local 16
default roles 18
delete from organization 17
edit 17
import LDAP 16
manage stranded 18
send notifications 17
working with 15
V
vApp
import 64
placement 64
resource pools 64
retaining IP addresses 81
vApp networks
adding a firewall rule 74
adding a static route 78
apply syslog server settings 82
configuring DHCP 73
configuring firewalls 74
configuring IP translation 77
configuring NAT 76, 77
configuring port forwarding 76
configuring services 73
enabling static routing 78
IP masquerade 76
ordering firewall rules 76
ordering port forwarding rules 78
view syslog server settings 81
vApp templates
add from another catalog 58
add to My Cloud 56
copy to published catalog 58
delete 59
download 56
managed expired 34
modify properties 60
move to published catalog 59
open 55
resume upload 57
save vApp as vApp template 59
upload 57
using in a catalog 49
working with 55
vApps
add a vApp network 72
VMware, Inc.
Index
add an organization vDC network 72
add existing virtual machine 63
add new 62
adding virtual machines 68
boot delay 70
change the owner 84
changing name 82
configure networks 64
configure VM 63
copy to another vDC 86
copying 66
creating from a vApp template 62
delete 87
delete a network 80
deploy 66
discard suspended state 67
display diagram 84
display IP allocations for your vApp
network 81
force recustomization of a virtual machine 115
managing expired 34
modify network properties 80
move to another vDC 87
networks 71
profile 63
properties 82
remove VMs 69
reset 68, 91
reset a vApp network 80
resetting leases 83
save as vApp template 85
share 83
snapshots 86
start action 70
start with an older version of VMware
Tools 66
starting and stopping VMs 70
stop 67
stop action 70
stop delay 70
stopping 104
suspend 67
upgrading virtual hardware version 85
view networks 71
view virtual machines 68
working with 61
vCloud Director
accessing Web console 10
bypass the proxy in Internet Explorer 13
change your password 14
Firefox options 11
VMware, Inc.
Internet Explorer options 12
understanding 9
vCloud Director, bypass the proxy in Firefox 11
vDC
determine when to add capacity 22
display 21
manage in an organization 22
modify properties 21
working with 21
virtual machines
adding hard disks 99
adding NICs 101
configuring resource allocation 98
connecting remotely 93
copy or move to a vApp 94
CPUs 96
delete 95
deleting hard disks 99
discard suspended state 91
eject a floppy 93
eject CD/DVD 92
guest OS 112
hard disks 99
import 69
insert a floppy 92
insert CD/DVD 92
install guest OS 112
memory 96
modifying hard disks 99
modifying OVF environment properties 83, 97
modifying properties 95
network interface settings 100
NICs 100
open console 90
powering off 90
powering on 90
properties 95
removing NICs 101
reset 68, 91
resetting MAC address 100
resource allocation limit 98
resource allocation reservations 98
resource allocation settings 97
resource allocation shares 97
resuming 91
snapshots 94
suspending 91
upgrading virtual hardware version 93
working with 89
VMware Tools
add vApp to catalog 106, 108
disable guest customization 103, 105
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vCloud Director User's Guide
enable guest customization 104, 106–108
install in a vApp 103
install with guest customization disabled 106
install with guest customization enabled 105
installing 103, 106
installing in a new virtual machine 101
installing or upgrading 107
Linux
Tar or RPM installer 110
X with RPM installer 109
save vApp template to My Cloud 105, 107
Solaris 111
start the vApp after installation 103, 104, 109
understanding 101
upgrade 108
upgrading 108
Windows 109
VMware Tools, in a vApp 102
VPN 26
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VMware, Inc.