Zebra R-140 User`s guide

Z E B R A P E R F O R M A N C E - L I N E TM
333 Corporate Woods Parkway
Vernon Hills, Illinois 60061.3109
Telephone 847.634.6700
Facsimile 847.913.8766
R-140
User's Guide
TM
Zebra Technologies Europe Limited
Zebra House
The Valley Centre, Gordon Road
High Wycombe
Buckinghamshire HP13 6EQ, UK
Telephone +44 (0) 1494 472872
Facsimile +44 (0) 1494 450103
Customer Order # 48040L
Manufacturer Part # 48040LB
© Zebra Technologies Corporation
R-140
Zebra R-140
TM
User's Guide
Customer order # 48040L
Manufacturer part # 48040LB Rev. 1
Proprietary Statement
This manual contains proprietary information of Zebra Technologies Corporation. It is intended solely for the
information and use of parties operating and maintaining the equipment described herein. Such proprietary
information may not be used, reproduced, or disclosed to any other parties for any other purpose without the
expressed written permission of Zebra Technologies Corporation.
Product Improvements
Continuous improvement of products is a policy of Zebra Technologies Corporation. All specifications and signs are
subject to change without notice.
FCC Compliance Statement
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital Device, pursuant to
Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when
the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
In order to insure compliance, this printer must be used with a Shielded Power Cord and Shielded Communication
Cables.
"The user is cautioned that any changes or modifications not expressly approved by Zebra Technologies Corporation
could void the user's authority to operate the equipment."
Canadian DOC Compliance Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in
the radio interference regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
CE Compliance
If the accompanying printer displays the CE mark, it also meets EMC directive 89/336/EEC, with amendments
effective at the time of manufacture.
Liability Disclaimer
Zebra Technologies Corporation takes steps to assure that its published Engineering Specifications and Manuals are
correct; however, errors do occur. Zebra Technologies Corporation reserves the right to correct any such errors and
disclaims liability resulting therefrom.
No Liability for Consequential Damage
In no event shall Zebra Technologies Corporation or anyone else involved in the creation, production, or delivery of
the accompanying product (including hardware and software) be liable for any damages whatsoever (including,
without limitation, damages for loss of business profits, business interruption, loss of business information, or other
pecuniary loss) arising out of the use of or the results of use of or inability to use such product, even if Zebra
Technologies Corporation has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Because some states do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, the above limitation may not apply to
you.
Copyrights
This copyrighted manual and the label printer described herein are owned by Zebra Technologies Corporation. All
rights are reserved. Unauthorized reproduction of this manual or the software in the label printer may result in
imprisonment of up to one year and fines of up to $10,000 (17 U.S.C.506). Copyright violators may be subject to
civil liability.
All products and brand names are trademarks of their respective companies. All rights reserved.
 2000 Zebra Technologies Corporation. All rights reserved.
ii
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
iii
iv
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Table of Contents
Introduction
Hello! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Mechanism Capabilities . . . . . . .
RFID Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Media Transport Mechanism Capabilities.
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . .
Unpacking and Inspection . . . . . . . .
Reporting Damage . . . . . . . . . .
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Media and Ribbon Requirements . . . .
Power Cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Anatomy 101 . . . . . . . . . . .
RFID Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supported Tags. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tag-it Tags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I•Code Tags . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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1
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
4
5
6
6
7
8
Calibrating the Printer
Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Types of Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Non-Continuous Web Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Non-Continuous Black Mark Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Continuous Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Choosing the Print Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Loading the Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Positioning the Media Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Transmissive Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Black Mark Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
v
Loading the Ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operator Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POWER Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Printer . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Software or Printer Driver
Media and Ribbon Calibration . . . . . .
Printing a Test Label . . . . . . . . . . . .
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17
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20
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23
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25
25
25
26
Operator Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POWER Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roll Media Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tear-Off Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peel-Off Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rewind Mode (for Printers Without the Cutter Option)
Cutter Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rewind Mode (for Printers With the Cutter Option) .
Fanfold Media Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Label Backing Material . . . . . . . . .
Ribbon Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ribbon Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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27
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31
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43
45
Establishing Communication
System Considerations
Interfaces . . . . . .
Data Specifications .
Cabling Requirements
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Printer Basics
vi
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Configuration
Entering the Setup Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing Password-Protected Parameters
. . .
Leaving the Setup Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration and Calibration Sequence . . . . .
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47
48
49
50
Routine Care and Adjustment
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Exterior . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Interior . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Printhead and Platen Roller
Cleaning the Sensors . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Snap Plate . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Cutter Module . . . . . . .
Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuse Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Toggle Positioning . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printhead Pressure Adjustment . . . . .
Media Sensor Position Adjustment . . .
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69
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77
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79
82
83
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85
87
87
87
Troubleshooting
LED Error Conditions and Warnings
Print Quality Problems . . . . . . .
Wrinkled Ribbon . . . . . . . . . .
Communications . . . . . . . . . . .
RFID Symptoms . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Diagnostics . . . . . . . . .
Power-On Self Test . . . . . . .
Additional Printer Self Tests . . .
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
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vii
Specifications
Media Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zebra Programming Language (ZPL II®)
Bar Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Specifications . . . . . . . . .
Printing Specifications . . . . . . . . .
Ribbon Specification . . . . . . . . . .
Media Specifications . . . . . . . . . .
Power Line Cord Specifications . . . .
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93
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96
96
97
98
Appendix
Printer Interface Technical Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
RS-232/RS-422/RS-485 Serial Data Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Parallel Data Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
ZPL II Commands for RFID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
^WT – Write Tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
^RT – Read Tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
^RS – RFID Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
^RI - RFID Get Tag Unique ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Sample ZPL II Label Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Format 1: Simple Text and a Barcode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Format 2: Saving a Label Format As a Graphic Image . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Format 3: Using a Serialized Data Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Format 4: RFID Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Index
viii
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Introduction
Hello!
Congratulations! You have just purchased the highest quality thermal
demand printer with RFID capability in the industry. Manufactured by
Zebra Technologies Corporation, the industry leader in quality, service, and
value. For over 30 years, Zebra Technologies Corporation has provided
customers with the highest caliber of products and support
n
n
n
This manual provides all of the information you will need to operate
your printer.
The ZPL II Programming Reference Volumes I and II
(part # 45540L) show you how to create the perfect label format for your
application. These books also explain how, through ZBI, you can
extend the power of ZPL II by allowing custom programs to be written
that operate within the printer, directly interfacing with, for example, bar
code scanners and keyboard display devices. In addition, the books
contain information about the enhanced operating system features of
your printer. There are three ways to obtain these books: on the
accessory CD-ROM (supplied with the printer), on our web site
(www.zebra.com), and printed manuals can be ordered from your
distributor.
The ZebraNetâ Networking: PrintServer IIä Installation and User’s
Guide (part # 45537L) explains how you can quickly set up your printer
on an IP network (optional ZebraNet PrintServer II required).
The Zebra R-140 printer, when connected to a host computer, functions as a
complete system for printing and encoding “Smart” labels, tickets, and tags.
The printer receives instructions from the host computer. Microprocessors
continuously monitor these signals along with the inputs received from the
control panel and various sensors. The microprocessors interpret this
information and control the Zebra R-140 printer’s mechanical drive,
printhead, RFID Subsystem, command interpretation, label formatting, and
media and ribbon movement.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
1
Print Mechanism Capabilities
The Zebra R-140 print mechanism has been designed to print information
on labels, tickets, and tags. It uses a square or rectangular dot thermal
printhead that heats a ribbon as it passes beneath the print elements, melting
its ink onto the media (direct thermal print mode involves using
heat-sensitive media instead of an inked ribbon). Print speeds are selected
via software control.
RFID Capabilities
Transponders used with the R-140 work on the 13.56 MHZ international
frequency for RFID. Currently, smart labels based on chip/antenna inlays
using Texas Instruments’ Tag-It, and Philips Semiconductors’ I•Code
RFID transponder chips are fully supported. Transponder data may be read,
written and write-verified through RFID enhancements to Zebra’s ZPL II
programming language. Encoding and verifying data through ZPL II is as
easy as printing a bar code.
Media Transport Mechanism Capabilities
The media transport mechanism of the Zebra R-140 printer has been
designed to accommodate various types of media including die-cut labels,
ticket and tag stock, continuous roll media, fanfold media, and black-mark
media.
System Requirements
In addition to the Zebra R-140 printer, you will need the following items to
form a complete label preparation system:
2
n
Label-, ticket-, tag-, or “Smart” RFID label-stock
n
Thermal transfer ribbon (if printing in Thermal Transfer mode).
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
n
n
A device, such as a personal computer (PC), for data entry and output of
label formats to the printer.
A data communication cable to connect the controlling device to the
Zebra R-140 printer. (Remote installations may require additional cables
and communication devices such as modems and/or protocol
converters.)
Unpacking and Inspection
Inspect the printer for possible damage incurred during shipment.
n
Check all exterior surfaces.
n
Raise the media access door and inspect the media compartment.
In case shipping is required, save the carton and all packing material.
Contact your authorized Zebra reseller for instructions.
Reporting Damage
If you discover shipping damage:
n
Immediately notify and file a damage report with the shipping company.
Zebra Technologies Corporation is not responsible for any damage
incurred during shipment of the equipment and will not repair this
damage under warranty.
n
Keep the carton and all packing material for inspection.
n
Notify your authorized Zebra reseller.
Storage
If you are not placing the printer into operation immediately, repackage it
using the original packing materials. The printer may be stored under the
following conditions:
n
Temperature: -4° to +140° F (-20° to +60° C)
n
Relative humidity: 5 to 85% non-condensing
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
3
Media and Ribbon Requirements
Since print quality is affected by media and ribbon, printing speeds, and
printer operating modes, it is very important to run tests for your
applications.
High quality RFID Labels are recommended to ensure against premature
printhead wear.
For non-RFID applications, we STRONGLY RECOMMEND the use of
Zebra Technologies Corporation-brand supplies for continuous high-quality
printing. A wide range of paper, polypropylene, polyester, and vinyl stock
has been specifically engineered to enhance the printing capabilities of the
printer and to ensure against premature printhead wear.
n
n
n
Continuous roll media, fanfold media, or card stock with optional
perforations and registration holes may be used.
Printhead life may be reduced by the abrasion of exposed paper fibers
when using perforated media.
The ribbon MUST be as wide as or wider than the media being used. If
the ribbon is narrower than the media, areas of the printhead will be
unprotected and subject to premature wear. (When printing in direct
thermal mode, ribbon is not used and should not be loaded in the
printer.)
Power Cord
WARNING! For personnel and equipment safety, always use a
three-prong plug with a ground (earth) connection.
NOTE: Depending on how your printer was ordered, a power cord may or
may not be included. If one is not included, or if the one included
is not suitable for your requirements, refer to “Power Line Cord
Specifications” on page 98.
The power cord connector must be plugged into the mating connector on
the rear of the printer.
4
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Make sure that the POWER on/off switch (located at the back of the printer)
is in the off position before connecting the power cable to an electrical
outlet.
Printer Anatomy 101
Ribbon take-up
spindle
Printhead
lever
Platen
roller
Tear-off/
peel-off
bar
Snap
plate
Ribbon supply
spindle
Media
supply
guide
Dancer
roller
assembly
Lower
roller
Media
supply
hanger
Media
guide
Rewind
spindle
(optional)
Spindle
hook
Only on select models
Figure 1
Depending on the options you have selected, your printer may look slightly
different.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
5
RFID Overview
The R140 printer contains special hardware necessary to program RFID
tags. To use the RFID capabilities of this printer, you will need the
appropriate RFID media. Currently the Tag-It and I•Code tag types are
supported. This media is collectively known as an RFID tag, and includes
the label, backing, and an RFID transponder inlay encased by the label
material.
The RFID capabilities of the printer allow you to program, read, and obtain
certain information regarding the status of the RFID subsystem. The RFID
printers incorporate an antenna to program the RFID tags. RFID tags have
coils built into them. When these tags line-up over the antenna, you are
able to communicate to the tag to obtain information and program the tag.
Before printing on the label, the RFID commands are executed. This is
done through newly added ZPL commands. After the RFID tag is
programmed and verified, the printer will format and print the remaining
ZPL commands.
Each tag has memory blocks that are programmed and read through ZPL
commands. The ZPL commands allow the user to adjust the number of
retries to get a successful execution of the command. If a block can not be
programmed within the number of retries, then the formatted label is fed out
with the word VOID overlaid.
After the failed tag is fed, an attempt will be made to program the tag again
with the corresponding format. The reprogramming of the tag will follow
the same series of commands to the tag, and the same number of retries for
each block. If this tag fails to program, then this label will be fed out
overlaid with a the word VOID. One final attempt will be made to
reprogram the tag. If unsuccessful, a third VOID tag will be printed.
After three VOID tags, the customer format will be removed from the print
queue, and will proceed with the next format (if one exists in the buffer).
Supported Tags
The R-140 currently supports two transponder types: Tag-it and I•Code.
6
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Tag-it Tags
Tag-it labels are high frequency (13.56MHz) devices. Tag-it is a read/write
RFID tag with 256 bits of storage capacity for user data. Data is addressed
in eight blocks of 32 bits, each block containing four bytes.
Block #
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Tag-it Blocks
Description
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
Bytes
32 User
7
I·Code Tags
I•Code labels are also high frequency (13.56MHz) devices but have 512
bits of storage capacity. Data is addressed in sixteen blocks of 32 bits, each
block containing four bytes. The first two blocks of data (block 0 and 1) are
used for storage of a unique 64 bit serial number. The next two blocks
(blocks 2 and 3) are used for storage of configuration information; block 4
is used for family or application identification and blocks 5 to 15 are free
for user application use.
If you are using I•Code tags for your own use, and don’t require universal
special function or family codes, then you can program blocks 3 through 15.
Block #
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
8
I•Code Blocks
Description
Serial Number (write protected)
Serial Number (write protected)
Write Protect Block (Caution!)
Special Function Block
Family Code
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
User Data
Bytes
8 Optional
40 User
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Calibrating the Printer
This chapter of the user’s guide is so important that we’ve printed it on a
different color paper! That way, it will be easy for you to find when you
must calibrate (set up) the printer for your particular application.
Purpose
n
To calibrate the printer.
n
To verify that the printer is properly set up by printing a test label.
NOTE: This procedure must be performed when the printer is first
installed or when it cannot properly detect the top of the label.
To calibrate the printer, you must do the following (all of the instructions
are contained in this chapter):
n
Determine the type of media (labels) being used.
n
Choose the print method.
n
Position the media sensors (if necessary).
n
Configure the printer and software or driver based on the label being
used.
n
Perform a media and ribbon calibration.
n
Print a test label.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
9
Types of Media
Non-Continuous Web Media
Non-continuous web media (refer to Figure 2) refers to individual labels
that are separated by a gap, notch, or hole. When you look at the media,
you can tell where one label ends and the next one begins.
Notch
Hole
Non-continuous media with a hole or notch
Label gap (2-4 mm)
Label gap (2-4 mm)
Non-continuous media with gaps between the labels
(individual labels on a continuous liner)
Figure 2
10
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Non-Continuous Black Mark Media
Non-continuous black mark media has black marks printed on the back that
indicate the start and end of each label (refer to Figure 3).
Black mark
Black mark
Non-continuous media for black mark sensing
Figure 3
Continuous Media
Continuous media (refer to Figure 4) is one uninterrupted roll of material
that allows the image to be printed anywhere on the label.
Continuous media (no gaps, holes, notches, or black marks)
Figure 4
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
11
Choosing the Print Mode
n
n
n
n
Tear-off mode allows you to tear off each label, or a strip of labels, after
it is printed.
In Peel-off mode, backing material is peeled away from the label as it is
printed. After this label is removed from the printer, the next one is
printed.
When in cutter mode, the printer automatically cuts the label after it is
printed.
In rewind mode, the media and backing are rewound onto a core as the
labels are printed.
NOTE: Peel-off and Rewind mode may not be suitable for all RFID media
types.
12
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Loading the Media
Figure 5 illustrates one method of media loading. For more detailed
instructions, as well as information about how to load the different types of
media and the various printing modes, refer to the instructions that begin on
page 31.
Figure 5
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
13
Positioning the Media Sensors
The correct positioning of the media sensors is important. It can make the
difference between a perfect label and a call to Technical Support!
Transmissive Sensor
The web or gap sensor, better known as the “transmissive sensor,” detects
the gap between labels.
The transmissive sensor actually consists of two sections: a light source
(the lower media sensor) and a light sensor (the upper media sensor). The
media passes between the two.
The upper media sensor must be positioned:
n
Directly over the hole or notch, or
n
Anywhere along the width of the media if there is a gap between labels.
NOTE: If you are using continuous media, position the upper media sensor
over the media so that the printer can detect an out-of-paper
condition.
14
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Adjusting the Upper Media Sensor
Refer to Figure 6. (For clarity, not all printer parts are shown.)
1. Remove the ribbon (if it is installed).
2. Locate the upper media sensor. The upper media sensor “eye” is
directly below the adjustment screw head.
3. Slightly loosen the upper media sensor adjustment screw (Phillips
head).
4. Using the tip of the screwdriver, slide the upper sensor along the slot to
the desired position.
5. Secure the upper media sensor adjustment screw.
Figure 6
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
15
Adjusting the Lower Media Sensor
Position the lower media sensor (refer to Figure 7) by sliding it in its slot
until it is positioned under the upper media sensor.
Figure 7
Black Mark Sensor
The black mark sensor is in a fixed position and enabled via the front panel
(details in “Configuring the Printer” on page 19).
16
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Loading the Ribbon
To load ribbon, refer to Figure 8. For more detailed information, refer to
the instructions that begin on page 43.
Figure 8
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
17
Operator Controls
POWER Switch
The POWER switch is located at the back of the printer above the power
cord and fuse. Turn on the printer.
Front Panel
The step-by-step instructions in this
section tell you which keys to press
and what appears on the liquid crystal
display (LCD) during the calibration
procedure.
For a more detailed explanation of the
front panel keys and lights (as shown
in Figure 9), refer to the instructions
that begin on page 28.
Figure 9
18
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Configuring the Printer
The configuration procedure in the next table contains the information you
need to get your printer up and running, but it is not comprehensive. Refer
to page 47 for more information.
n
Enter the configuration mode by pressing the SETUP/EXIT key at the
“PRINTER READY” display.
NOTE: You will need to press the NEXT/SAVE key more than once to
advance to some of the displays.
n
n
To increase the value, answer “yes,” indicate “on,” or move to the next
selection, use the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key.
To decrease the value, answer “no,” indicate “off,” or return to the
previous selection, use the LEFT BLACK OVAL key.
NOTE: When changing parameters, an asterisk (*) in the upper left-hand
corner of the display indicates that you have changed this setting
from what is currently stored in memory.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
19
Press
-
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
PRINTER READY
Normal printer operation.
DARKNESS
Press the BLACK OVAL keys to increase or decrease the print
darkness setting. (You may need to change this setting when
you print your label.)
PRINT MODE
Press the BLACK OVAL keys to select tear-off, peel-off, cutter,
or rewind mode.
MEDIA TYPE
Press the BLACK OVAL keys to select continuous or
non-continuous media type. (If you choose continuous
media, you must also include a label length instruction in
your label format.)
SENSOR TYPE
Press the BLACK OVAL keys to select transmissive or black
mark sensing mode. Unless your media has black marks on
the back, leave your printer at the default setting (web).
PRINT METHOD
Press the BLACK OVAL keys to select thermal transfer (if you
are using ribbon) or direct thermal (no ribbon).
MAXIMUM
LENGTH
Press the BLACK OVAL keys to set the value that is closest to,
but not less than, the length of the label you are using.
Press the BLACK OVAL keys to select:
SAVE SETTINGS
PERMANENT -- saves the changes when the power is turned
off.
Press NEXT/SAVE to accept the selection.
-
PRINTER READY
You have exited the configuration mode and are now ready
to calibrate the printer.
Configuring the Software or Printer Driver
Many printer settings may also be controlled by your printer’s driver or
label preparation software. Refer to the driver or software documentation
for more information.
20
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Media and Ribbon Calibration
NOTE: All steps must be performed in the following procedure, even if
only one sensor needs to be adjusted.
6. Press the SETUP/EXIT key.
7. Press the NEXT/SAVE key until “MEDIA AND RIBBON
CALIBRATE” displays.
8. To start the calibration procedure, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL
key. “LOAD BACKING CANCEL CONTINUE” displays.
9. Open the printhead. Remove approximately 8” (203 mm) of labels
from the media roll, enough so that only the backing material is
threaded between the media sensors when the media is loaded
(refer to Figure 10).
Figure 10
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
21
10. Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key. The front panel display will
show “REMOVE RIBBON CANCEL CONTINUE.”
11. Either remove the ribbon or slide it as far from the printer frame as
possible.
12. Close the printhead, trapping the ribbon in this position.
13. Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key. The front panel will show
“CALIBRATING PLEASE WAIT.”
14. When this part of the calibration process is completed, the display will
read “RELOAD ALL CONTINUE.”
15. Open the printhead. Pull the backing material until a label is positioned
between the media sensors.
16. Either load the ribbon or return the ribbon to its proper position.
17. Close the printhead. Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to perform
the next part of the calibration sequence. “MEDIA AND RIBBON
CALIBRATE” displays. The printer is calibrated when the media stops
feeding.
18. Press the SETUP/EXIT key to leave the programming mode. Choose
“permanent” when SAVE CHANGES displays.
22
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Printing a Test Label
To print a test label:
19. Turn off the printer.
20. Press and hold the CANCEL key
while turning on the printer.
A configuration label, which shows the
printer’s currently stored parameters,
will print (similar to the one shown in
Figure 11).
PULSE MODE
FEED MODE
ENABLED
DISABLED
START PRINT SIG
RESYNCH MODE
RIBBON LOW MODE
REPRINT MODE
1P1
4096
NONE
1536
hfDep: Version 1
2000-05-17 12:27:15
RFID VERSION
TIME STAMP
Figure 11
If you encounter any problems while you are configuring or calibrating the
printer or printing a test label, refer to Troubleshooting, which starts on
page 79. Otherwise, refer to Establishing Communication on page 25 to set
up the communication parameters.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
23
24
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Establishing Communication
System Considerations
Interfaces
The method of interfacing this printer to a data source depends on the
communication options installed in the printer. The standard interfaces are
an RS-232/RS-422/RS-485 serial data port and a bi-directional parallel port.
The optional ZebraNet PrintServer II enables printers to be connected to 10
BaseT Ethernet networks. In addition, the IBM® Twinax or IBM Coax
option is available for those applications that require them.
Data Specifications
When communicating via an
asynchronous serial data port (refer
to Figure 12), the baud rate, number
of data and stop bits, parity, and
handshaking are user selectable.
Parity only applies to data
transmitted by the printer since the
parity of received data is ignored.
Computer
Printer
25
Male
25
Male
25
Null modem adapter
(if using a standard
modem cable)
Female
9
50’ maximum
Figure 12
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
25
When communicating via the parallel
port (refer to Figure 13), the
previously mentioned parameters are
not considered. Refer to page 57 to
configure the communication
parameters for the printer. The
values selected must be the same as
those used by the host equipment
connected to the printer.
Printer
Computer
36-pin
male
PC
25-pin
female
For serial and parallel pinout and
technical information, refer to the
Appendix on page 99.
25-pin
male
10’ maximum
Figure 13
Cabling Requirements
Data cables must be fully shielded and fitted with metal or metalized
connector shells. Shielded cables and connectors are required to prevent
radiation and reception of electrical noise.
To minimize electrical noise pickup in the cable:
n
Keep data cables as short as possible.
n
Do not bundle the data cables tightly with the power cords.
n
Do not tie the data cables to power wire conduits.
NOTES: Zebra printers comply with FCC “Rules and Regulations”,
Part 15, for Class B Equipment, using fully shielded data
cables. Use of unshielded cables may increase radiated
emissions above the Class B limits.
RS-422 and RS-485 applications should use twisted shielded
pairs as recommended in the Appendix of the TA/EA.-485
Specification.
26
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Printer Basics
Operator Controls
This section discusses the functions of the various controls and indicators
on the printer. The operator should become familiar with each of these
functions.
POWER Switch
This switch is located at the back of the printer above the power cord and
fuse. The POWER switch should be turned off before connecting or
disconnecting any cables.
External influences, such as lightning storms or noise on the power or data
cables, may cause erratic printer behavior. Turning the printer’s power off
and back on may re-establish proper printer operation.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
27
Front Panel Display
The front panel display communicates operational status and programming
modes and parameters.
Figure 14
28
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Front Panel Keys
Key
Function
Starts and stops the printing process.
• If the printer is not printing: no printing can occur.
• If the printer is printing: printing stops once the current label is complete.
Press to remove error messages from the display.
NOTE: Pause mode can also be activated via ZPL II (~PP, ^PP).
Forces the printer to feed one blank label each time the key is pressed.
• Printer not printing: one blank label immediately feeds.
• Printing: one blank label feeds after the current batch of labels is complete.
NOTE: Equivalent to the Slew to Home Position (~PH, ^PH) ZPL II instruction.
When in the pause mode, this key will cancel print jobs.
• Print job in queue: press once for each print job to be deleted.
• Press and hold for several seconds to cancel all print jobs in the printer’s
memory. The DATA light will turn off.
When in Pause mode, this key will calibrate the printer for:
• Media length.
• Media type (continuous or non-continuous).
• Print mode (direct thermal or thermal transfer).
• Sensor values.
NOTE: The keys below are used only when configuring the printer. Specific uses of these keys
are explained in Configuration, starting on page 47.
• Scrolls back to the previous parameter.
• Press and hold to quickly go backward through parameter sets.
• Scrolls forward to the next parameter. (Saves any changes you’ve made in the
configuration and calibration sequence.)
• Press and hold to quickly advance through parameter sets.
Enters and exits the configuration mode.
These keys change the parameter values. They are used in different ways
depending on the parameter displayed. Common uses are: to increase/decrease
a value, answer “yes” or “no,” indicate “on” or “off,” scroll through several
choices, input the password, or set up the printer for a firmware download.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
29
Front Panel Lights
NOTE: If two operating conditions occur simultaneously (for example,
one that causes a light to be on constantly and one that causes the
same light to flash), the light will flash.
Light
POWER
Status
The printer is off or power is not applied.
On
The printer is on.
TAKE LABEL Off
ERROR
CHECK
RIBBON
PAPER OUT
PAUSE
DATA
30
Indication
Off
Normal operation.
Flashing
(Peel-off mode only.) The label is available. Printing is paused until
the label is removed.
Off
Normal operation — no printer errors.
Flashing
A printer error exists. Check the display screen for more
information.
Off
Normal operation — ribbon (if used) is properly loaded.
On
Printing is paused, the front panel displays a warning message, and
the PAUSE light is on.
• If the printer is in direct thermal mode: Ribbon is loaded.
• If the printer is in thermal transfer mode: No ribbon is loaded.
Off
Normal operation — media is properly loaded.
On
No media is under the media sensor. Printing is paused, the display
shows an error message, and the PAUSE light is on.
Off
Normal operation.
On
The printer has stopped all printing operations. Either the PAUSE
key was pressed, a pause command was included in the label
format, the on-line verifier detected an error, or a printer error was
detected. Refer to the display screen for more information.
Off
Normal operation. No data being received or processed.
On
Data processing or printing is taking place. No data is being
received.
Flashing
The printer is receiving data from or sending status information to
the host computer. Flashing slows when the printer cannot accept
more data, but returns to normal once data is again being received.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Roll Media Loading
NOTE: A calibration must be performed when media and ribbon (if used)
are first installed in the printer, or when a different type of media
or ribbon is being used.
Tear-Off Mode
Refer to Figure 15.
1. Open the printhead.
2. Slide the media guide and media supply guide as far from the printer
frame as possible. Flip down the media supply guide.
3. Load media as shown.
4. Flip up the media supply guide. Slide in the media guide and media
supply guide so they just touch, but not restrict, the edge of the roll.
5. Close the printhead.
Figure 15
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
31
Peel-Off Mode
NOTE: Rewind option required.
NOTE: The Peel-Off Mode may not be suitable for some RFID media
types. The user should test for each application
Refer to Figure 16.
1. Remove the rewind plate from the front of the printer (if installed).
Store it on the two mounting screws on the inside of the front panel.
2. Open the printhead.
3. Slide the media guide and media supply guide as far from the printer
frame as possible. Flip down the media supply guide.
4. Load media as shown.
5. When loading media, allow approximately 36” (914 mm) of media to
extend past the tear-off/peel-off bar. Remove all labels from this
portion to create a leader.
6. Remove the hook from the rewind spindle. If you are using a core,
slide it onto the rewind spindle until it is flush against the guide plate.
7. Wind the label backing around either the 3” (76 mm) core or the rewind
spindle and reinstall the hook.
8. Flip up the media supply guide. Slide in the media guide and media
supply guide so they just touch, but not restrict, the edge of the roll.
Before closing the printhead, make sure:
n
n
The media is positioned against the inside guides.
The media is taut and parallel with itself and the pathway when wound
onto the rewind spindle/core.
9. Close the printhead.
10. To discard the label backing from the rewind spindle, refer to
“Removing the Label Backing Material” on page 42.
32
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Figure 16
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
33
Rewind Mode (for Printers Without the Cutter Option)
NOTE: Rewind option required.
NOTE: Rewind mode may not be suitable for RFID applications.
Refer to Figure 17.
1. Remove the rewind plate from its storage location in front of the print
mechanism inside the media compartment.
2. Invert the rewind plate so that the lip on the attached hook plate points
down.
3. Insert the hook plate lip a short distance (½"/13 mm) into the lower
opening in the side plate.
4. Align the upper end of the rewind plate with the corresponding opening
in the side plate. Slide in the rewind plate so that it stops against the
printer’s main frame.
5. Open the printhead.
6. Slide the media guide and media supply guide as far from the printer
frame as possible. Flip down the media supply guide.
7. Load media as shown.
8. When loading media, allow approximately 36” (914 mm) of media to
extend past the printhead. Remove all labels from this portion to create
a leader.
9. Remove the hook from the rewind spindle. If you are using a core,
slide it onto the rewind spindle until it is flush against the guide plate.
10. Wind the label backing around either the 3” (76 mm) core or the rewind
spindle and reinstall the hook.
11. Flip up the media supply guide. Slide in the media guide and media
supply guide so they just touch, but not restrict, the edge of the roll.
34
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Before closing the printhead, make sure:
n
n
The media is positioned against the inside guides.
The media is taut and parallel with itself and the pathway when wound
onto the rewind spindle/core.
12. Close the printhead.
Figure 17
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
35
Cutter Mode
NOTE: Cutter option required.
Refer to Figure 18.
1. Open the printhead.
2. Slide the media guide and media supply guide as far from the printer
frame as possible. Flip down the media supply guide.
3. Load media as shown.
4. Flip up the media supply guide. Slide in the media guide and media
supply guide so they just touch, but not restrict, the edge of the roll.
5. Close the printhead.
6. The printer will automatically feed out and cut one label when the
printer is turned on.
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Figure 18
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37
Rewind Mode (for Printers With the Cutter Option)
NOTE: Cutter and rewind options required.
NOTE: Rewind mode may not be suitable for RFID applications.
Refer to Figure 19.
1. Remove the rewind plate from its storage location in front of the print
mechanism inside the media compartment.
2. Invert the rewind plate so that the lip on the attached hook plate points
down.
3. Insert the hook plate lip a short distance (½"/13 mm) into the lower
opening in the side plate. Slide in the rewind plate so that it stops
against the printer’s main frame.
4. Insert the two small tabs on the rewind plate into the corresponding
slots in the cutter support bracket. (The rewind plate should spring into
the proper position.)
5. Open the printhead.
6. Slide the media guide and media supply guide as far from the printer
frame as possible. Flip down the media supply guide.
7. Load media as shown.
8. When loading media, allow approximately 36” (914 mm) of media to
extend past the printhead. Remove all labels from this portion to create
a leader.
9. Remove the hook from the rewind spindle. If you are using a core,
slide it onto the rewind spindle until it is flush against the guide plate.
10. Wind the label backing around either the 3” (76 mm) core or the rewind
spindle and reinstall the hook.
11. Flip up the media supply guide. Slide in the media guide and media
supply guide so they just touch, but not restrict, the edge of the roll.
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Before closing the printhead, make sure:
n
n
The media is positioned against the inside guides.
The media is taut and parallel with itself and the pathway when wound
onto the rewind spindle/core.
12. Close the printhead.
Figure 19
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39
Fanfold Media Loading
NOTE: A calibration must be performed when media and ribbon (if used)
are first installed in the printer, or when a different type of media
or ribbon is being used.
Fanfold media feeds through either the bottom or rear access slot from
outside the printer.
Refer to Figures 20 and 21.
1. Open the printhead.
2. Slide the media guide as far from the printer frame as possible.
3. Load media as shown. If in cutter mode, route media through the
cutter.
4. Slide in the media guide so it just touches, but not restricts, the edge of
the roll.
5. Close the printhead.
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Figure 20
Figure 21
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41
Removing the Label Backing Material
Since the rewind spindle holds the backing from a standard-size media roll,
we recommend that you perform this procedure whenever you change the
media.
To remove the backing material from the rewind spindle, follow these steps
(you don’t need to turn off the printer for this procedure).
1. Unwind approximately 36” (914 mm) of backing from the rewind
spindle. Cut it off at the spindle.
2. Pull out the hook. Slide the backing material off of the rewind spindle
and discard.
3. Wind the media around the rewind spindle once or twice and reinstall
the hook. Continue winding to remove any slack in the media.
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Ribbon Loading
To load ribbon, refer to Figure 22 and follow the procedure below.
NOTE: Use ribbon that is at least as wide as the media. The smooth
backing of the ribbon protects the printhead from wear and
premature failure due to excessive abrasion. (For direct thermal
print mode, ribbon is not used and should not be loaded in the
printer.)
1. Align the segments of the ribbon supply spindle.
2. Place the ribbon roll on the ribbon supply spindle.
NOTE: Make sure that the core is pushed up against
the stop on the ribbon supply spindle and
that the ribbon is aligned squarely with its core. If this is not done,
the ribbon may not cover the printhead entirely on the inside,
exposing print elements to potentially damaging contact with the
media.
3. Open the printhead.
4. (Optional) To make ribbon loading and
unloading easier, make a leader for your
ribbon roll if it doesn’t already have one.
5. Tear off a strip of media (labels and
backing) about 6-12” (152-305 mm) long
from the roll. Peel off a label from this
strip. Apply half of this label to the end
of the strip and the other half to the end
of the ribbon. This acts as a ribbon
leader.
Ribbon
Label
Strip of media
6-12” long
6. Thread the ribbon (with leader, if used) as shown without creasing or
wrinkling it.
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43
7. Before wrapping the ribbon around the ribbon take-up spindle, ensure that
the arrow on the knob aligns with the indented notch (see Figure 23
inset).
8. Place the ribbon (with leader, if used) around the ribbon take-up spindle
and wind counterclockwise for several turns.
9. Close the printhead.
Figure 22
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Ribbon Removal
s
1. Break the ribbon as close to the ribbon take-up spindle as possible.
2. Refer to Figure 23. While holding the ribbon take-up spindle, turn the
knob (1) clockwise until it stops. This will cause the ribbon release bars
to pivot down (2), easing the spindle’s “grip” on the wound ribbon.
3. Slide the ribbon off of the ribbon take-up spindle. Once the spent
ribbon has been removed, ensure that the arrow on the knob aligns with
the indented notch in the ribbon take-up spindle (see Figure 23 inset).
4. Remove the empty core from the ribbon supply spindle.
5. Follow the ribbon loading procedure on page 43 to load the new ribbon.
2
1
Figure 23
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Configuration
After you have installed the media and ribbon and the power-on self test
(POST) is complete, the front panel display will show “PRINTER READY.”
(If the printer fails its POST, refer to page 87.) You may now set printer
parameters for your application using the front panel display and the five keys
directly below it.
NOTE: Printers that are operating on an IP network can be quickly
configured via ZebraNet WebView (optional ZebraNet
PrintServer II required). For information, refer to ZebraNet
Networking: PrintServer II Installation and User’s Guide.
If it becomes necessary to restore the initial printer defaults, see “FEED
Key and PAUSE Key Self Test” on page 91.
NOTE: Unless otherwise noted, all parameters are listed in the order they
are displayed, starting with “DARKNESS.”
Entering the Setup Mode
To enter the programming mode, press the SETUP/EXIT key. Press either
the NEXT/SAVE key or PREVIOUS key to scroll to the parameter you
wish to set.
NOTE: You may also press and hold the NEXT/SAVE and PREVIOUS
keys to quickly advance through the configuration parameters.
Parameters in this section are shown in the order displayed when pressing
the NEXT/SAVE key. Throughout this process, press the NEXT/SAVE
key to continue to the next parameter, or press the PREVIOUS key to return
to the previous parameter in the cycle.
An asterisk (*) in the upper left-hand corner of the display indicates that the
value displayed is different than the currently stored value.
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Changing Password-Protected Parameters
Certain parameters are password-protected by factory default.
CAUTION: Do not change password-protected parameters unless
you are sure you know what you are doing! If they are
set incorrectly, these parameters could cause the
printer to function in an unpredictable way.
The first attempt to change one of these parameters (pressing one of the
BLACK OVAL keys) will require you to enter a four-digit password. This
is done via the “ENTER PASSWORD” display. The LEFT BLACK
OVAL key changes the selected digit position. The RIGHT BLACK
OVAL key increases the selected digit value. After entering the password,
press the NEXT/SAVE key. The parameter you wish to change will be
displayed. If the password was entered correctly, you can now change the
value.
The default password value is 1234. The password can be changed using
the ^KP (Define Password) ZPL II instruction or through ZebraNet
WebView (optional ZebraNet PrintServer II required).
NOTE: Once the password has been entered correctly, it will not have to
be entered again unless you leave and re-enter the programming
mode using the SETUP/EXIT key.
NOTE: You can disable the password protection feature so that it no
longer prompts you for a password by setting the password to
ØØØØ via the ^KPØ ZPL/ZPL II command. To re-enable the
password-protection feature, send the ZPL/ZPL II command ^KPx,
where “x” can be any number, one to four digits in length,
except Ø.
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Leaving the Setup Mode
You can leave the program mode at any time by pressing the SETUP/EXIT
key. The “SAVE CHANGES” display will appear. There are five choices,
described below. Pressing the LEFT or RIGHT BLACK OVAL key
displays other choices and pressing the NEXT/SAVE key selects the
displayed choice.
n
n
n
n
PERMANENT - Permanently saves the changes. Values are stored in
the printer even when power is turned off.
TEMPORARY - Saves the changes until changed again or until power is
turned off.
CANCEL - Cancels all changes since pressing the SETUP/EXIT key
except the darkness and tear-off settings (if they were changed).
LOAD DEFAULTS - Loads factory defaults. The factory defaults are
shown on the following pages.
NOTE: Loading factory defaults will require printer calibration.
n
LOAD LAST SAVE - Loads values from the last permanent save.
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49
Configuration and Calibration Sequence
Press
----
Display Shows
PRINTER READY
Action/Explanation
Normal printer operation.
Setting Print Parameters
DARKNESS
Adjusting Print Darkness Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to
increase darkness. Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to decrease
darkness.
Default: +10
Range: 0 to +30
Darkness settings are dependent upon a variety of factors
including ribbon type, media, and the condition of the printhead.
You may adjust the darkness for consistent high-quality printing.
If printing is too light, or if there are voids in printed areas, you
should increase the darkness. If printing is too dark, or if there is
spreading or bleeding of printed areas, you should decrease the
darkness.
The FEED key self test on page 90 can also be used to determine
the best darkness setting. Since the darkness setting takes effect
immediately, you can see the results on labels that are currently
printing.
CAUTION: Set the darkness to the lowest setting that provides
good print quality. Darkness set too high may cause
ink smearing and/or it may burn through the ribbon.
Darkness settings also may be changed by the driver or software
settings.
TEAR OFF
Adjusting the Tear-Off Position Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL
key to increase the value, press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
decrease the value. Each press of the key adjusts the tear-off
position by four dot rows.
Default: +0
Range: -120 to +120
This parameter establishes the position of the media over the
tear-off/peel-off bar after printing. The label and backing can be
torn off or cut between labels.
PRINT MODE
Selecting Print Mode Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key
to display other choices.
Default: Tear-off
Selections: Tear-off, peel-off, cutter, rewind, applicator*
Print mode settings tell the printer the method of media delivery
that you wish to use. Be sure to select a print mode that your
hardware configuration supports since some selections displayed
are for optional printer features.
* Option required
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
MEDIA TYPE
Setting Media Type Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key
to display other choices.
Default: Continuous
Selections: Continuous, non-continuous
This parameter tells the printer the type of media you are using.
Selecting continuous media requires that you include a label
length instruction in your label format (^LLxxxx if you are using
ZPL or ZPL II).
When non-continuous media is selected, the printer feeds media
to calculate label length (the distance between two detections of
the inter-label gap, webbing, or alignment notch or hole).
SENSOR TYPE
Setting the Sensor Type Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL
key to display other choices.
Default: Web
Selections: Web, mark
This parameter tells the printer whether you are using media with
a web (gap/space between labels, notch, or hole) to indicate the
separations between labels or if you are using media with a black
mark printed on the back. If your media does not have black
marks on the back, leave your printer at the default (web).
PRINT METHOD
Selecting Print Method Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key for
the next value; press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key for the previous
value.
Default: Thermal transfer
Selections: Thermal transfer, direct thermal
The print method parameter tells the printer the method of
printing you wish to use: direct thermal (no ribbon) or thermal
transfer (using thermal transfer media and ribbon).
NOTE: Selecting direct thermal when using thermal transfer
media and ribbon creates a warning condition, but
printing will continue.
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51
Press
52
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
PRINT WIDTH
Setting Print Width Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to
increase the value, press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to decrease
the value. To change the unit of measurement, press the LEFT
BLACK OVAL key until the unit of measurement is active, then
press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to toggle to a different unit of
measure (inches, mm, or dots).
Default:, Range: The default and range of acceptable values vary
depending on what printer you have. Refer to “Printing
Specifications” on page 96 for further information about the
ranges available for your model.
Print width determines the printable area across the width of the
label.
MAXIMUM
LENGTH
Setting Maximum Length Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
decrease the value, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to
increase the value.
Default:, Range: The default and range of acceptable values vary
depending on your printer’s configuration. Values are adjustable
in 1” (25.4 mm) increments.
Maximum length is used in conjunction with the calibration
procedure. The value of this setting determines the maximum
label length that will be used during the media portion of the
calibration process. Only a few labels are required to set media
sensors. Always set the value that is closest to, but not lower
than, the length of the label you are using. For example, if the
length of the label is 14.5 inches (368 mm), set the parameter for
15.0 inches (381 mm).
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Listing Printer Information
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
LIST FONTS
List Fonts Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to print a label
listing all of the available fonts.
This selection is used to print a label that lists all of the fonts
currently available in the printer, including standard printer fonts
plus any optional fonts. Fonts may be stored in RAM, FLASH
memory, font EPROMs, or font cards.
LIST BAR CODES
List Bar Codes Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to print a label
listing all of the available bar codes.
This selection is used to print a label that lists all of the bar codes
currently available in the printer.
LIST IMAGES
List Images Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to print a label
listing all of the available images.
This selection is used to print a label that lists all of the images
currently stored in the printer’s RAM, FLASH memory, optional
EPROM, or optional memory card.
LIST FORMATS
List Formats Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to print a label
listing all of the available formats.
This selection is used to print a label that lists all of the formats
currently stored in the printer’s RAM, FLASH memory, optional
EPROM, or optional memory card.
LIST SETUP
List Setup Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to print a label
listing the current printer configuration.
This selection is used to print a label that lists the current printer
configuration information. (Same as CANCEL key self test.)
LIST ALL
List All Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to print a label listing
all of the available fonts, bar codes, images, formats, and the
current printer configuration.
This selection is used to print a label that lists the five previous
selections, as described.
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53
Press
54
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
INITIALIZE CARD
Initialize Memory Card
CAUTION: Perform this operation only when it is necessary to
erase all previously stored information from the optional memory
card. Press the NEXT//SAVE key to bypass this function.
1. Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to select “YES.”
If your printer is set to require a password, you will
now be prompted to enter the password. Enter the
password and then press the NEXT/SAVE key.
2. The display will ask “INITIALIZE CARD?”. Press the RIGHT
BLACK OVAL key “YES.”
3. The front panel LCD will ask “ARE YOU SURE?”.
4. Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key “YES” to begin initialization.
or
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key “NO” to cancel the request
and return to the “INITIALIZE CARD” prompt.
5. Press the SETUP/EXIT key followed by the NEXT/SAVE key.
If initialization is still in process, the front panel display
will flash back and forth between the two phrases
“CHECKING B: MEMORY” and “PRINTER IDLE.”
When initialization is complete, the printer will
automatically exit the configuration mode and the
front panel will display “PRINTER READY.”
NOTE: Depending on the amount of memory in the memory
card, initialization may take up to five minutes to
complete.
INIT FLASH MEM
Initialize Flash Memory
CAUTION: Perform this operation only when it is necessary to
erase all previously stored information from the FLASH memory.
Press the NEXT//SAVE key to bypass this function.
1. Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to select “YES.”
If your printer is set to require a password, you will
now be prompted to enter the password. Enter the
password and then press the NEXT/SAVE key.
2. The display will ask “INITIALIZE FLASH?”. Press the RIGHT
BLACK OVAL key “YES.”
3. The front panel LCD will ask “ARE YOU SURE?”.
4. Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key “YES” to begin initialization.
or
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key “NO” to cancel the request
and return to the “INITIALIZE FLASH” prompt.
5. Press the SETUP/EXIT key followed by the NEXT/SAVE key.
If initialization is still in process, the front panel display
will flash back and forth between the two phrases
“CHECKING E: MEMORY” and “PRINTER IDLE.”
When initialization is complete, the printer will
automatically exit the configuration mode and the
front panel will display “PRINTER READY.”
NOTE: Depending on the amount of free FLASH memory,
initialization may take up to one minute to complete.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Media and Ribbon Sensor Calibration
NOTE: Before you begin this procedure, make sure that the maximum length is set to a value
equal to or greater than the length of the labels you are using. If the maximum length is set to a
lower value, the calibration process will assume that continuous media is in the printer. See
page 52 for more information.
There are two different types of calibration that can be performed by the printer:
1) Standard Calibration. Pressing the CALIBRATE key on the printer’s front panel causes the
printer to feed media and ribbon and set the values it detects for media, media backing material
(the spaces between labels), media out, and ribbon or no ribbon (which determines the print
mode — thermal transfer or direct thermal). This type of calibration also occurs as part of the
sensor profile and media and ribbon calibration procedures.
2) Media and Ribbon Sensor Sensitivity Calibration. Performing the media and ribbon
calibration procedure first resets the sensitivity of the sensors to better detect the media and
ribbon you are using. With the sensors at their new sensitivity, the printer then performs the
standard calibration described above. Changing the type of ribbon and/or media may require
resetting the sensitivity of the media and ribbon sensors. Indications that the sensitivity may
need to be reset would be a CHECK RIBBON light on with the ribbon properly installed or
non-continuous media being treated as continuous media.
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
Sensor Profile Press NEXT/SAVE to skip this standard calibration
procedure and continue with the media and ribbon calibration
parameter which follows. Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to
initiate this standard calibration procedure and print a media
sensor profile.
SENSOR PROFILE See Figure 24. The media sensor profile may be used to
troubleshoot registration problems that may be caused when the
media sensor detects preprinted areas on the media or
experiences difficulty in determining web location. If the
sensitivity of the media and/or ribbon sensors MUST be adjusted,
use the media and ribbon sensor sensitivity procedure.
Figure 24
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55
Press
Display Shows
MEDIA AND
RIBBON
CALIBRATE
Action/Explanation
Media and Ribbon Sensor Sensitivity Press NEXT/SAVE to skip
the calibration procedure and continue with the host port
selection parameters that follow. Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL
key to start the calibration procedure.
This procedure is used to adjust the sensitivity of the media and
ribbon sensors.
NOTE: The procedure must be followed exactly as presented.
All steps must be performed even if only one of the
sensors requires adjustment.
Media and Ribbon Calibration Procedure
----
56
LOAD BACKING
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to cancel the operation, or do
the following:
1) Open the printhead.
2) Remove approximately 8” (203 mm) of labels from the media
roll, enough so that only the backing material is threaded
between the media sensors when the media is loaded.
REMOVE RIBBON
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to cancel the operation or do
the following:
1) Remove the ribbon (sliding it as far to the right as possible will
have the same effect as removing it).
2) Close the printhead.
CALIBRATING
PLEASE WAIT
The printer automatically adjusts the scale (gain) of the signals it
receives from the media and ribbon sensors based on the
specific media and ribbon combination you are using. On the
sensor profile, this essentially corresponds to moving the graph
up or down to optimize the readings for your application.
RELOAD ALL
When “RELOAD ALL” is displayed:
1) Open the printhead and pull the media forward until a label is
positioned under the media sensor.
2) Move the ribbon back to its proper position.
3) Close the printhead.
MEDIA AND
RIBBON
CALIBRATE
Now that the scale has changed, the printer performs a
calibration equivalent to pressing the CALIBRATE key. During
this process, the printer checks the readings for the media and
ribbon based on the new scale you have established, determines
the label length, and determines whether you are in direct
thermal or thermal transfer print mode. The process is now
complete! To see the new readings on the new scale, print a
sensor profile.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Setting Communication Parameters
Communication parameters must be set correctly for the printer to communicate with the host.
These parameters make sure that the printer and host are “speaking the same language.” All
communications parameters are password protected.
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
PARALLEL
COMM
Setting Parallel Communications
Press the RIGHT or LEFT
BLACK OVAL key to display other choices.
Default: Parallel
Selections: Parallel, twinax/coax
Select the communications port that matches the one being used
by the host computer.
SERIAL COMM
Setting Serial Communications
Press the RIGHT or LEFT
BLACK OVAL key to display other choices.
Default: RS232
Selections: RS232, RS422/485, RS485 multidrop
Select the communications port that matches the one being used
by the host computer.
BAUD
Setting Baud
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
display other choices.
Default: 9600
Selections: 110, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 14400, 19200,
28800, 38400, 57600
The baud setting of the printer must match the baud setting of
the host for accurate communications to take place. Select the
value that matches the one being used by the host.
DATA BITS
Setting Data Bits
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key
to display other choices.
Default: 7-bits
Selections: 7-bits, 8-bits
The data bits of the printer must match the data bits of the host
for accurate communications to take place. Set the data bits to
match the setting being used by the host.
NOTE: Must be set to 8 data bits to use Code Page 850.
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57
Press
58
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
PARITY
Setting Parity
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
display other choices.
Default: Even
Selections: Even, odd, none
The parity of the printer must match the parity of the host for
accurate communications to take place. Select the parity that
matches the one being used by the host.
STOP BITS
Setting Stop Bits
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key
to display other choices.
Default: 1 stop bit
Selections: 1 stop bit, 2 stop bits
The stop bits of the printer must match the stop bits of the host
for accurate communications to take place. Select the stop bits
that match the one being used by the host.
HOST
HANDSHAKE
Setting Host Handshake
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK
OVAL key to display other choices.
Default: XON/XOFF
Selections: XON/XOFF, DTR/DSR
The handshake protocol of the printer must match the handshake
protocol of the host for communications to take place. Select the
handshake protocol that matches the one being used by the host.
PROTOCOL
Setting Protocol
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key
to display other choices.
Default: None
Selections: None, Zebra, ACK/NACK
Protocol is a type of error checking system. Depending on the
selection, an indicator may be sent from the printer to the host
signifying that data has been received. Select the protocol that is
requested by the host. Further details on protocol can be found
in the ZPL II Programming Reference Volumes I and II.
NOTE: Zebra is the same as ACK/NACK except that with Zebra
the response messages are sequenced.
NOTE: If Zebra is selected, printer must use “DTR/DSR” host
handshake protocol.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
NETWORK ID
Setting Network ID
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
move to the next digit position, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL
key to increase the value of the digit.
Default: 000
Range: 000 - 999
Network ID is used to assign a unique number to a printer used in
an RS-422/RS-485 network. This gives the host the means to
address a specific printer. If the printer is used in a network, you
must select a network ID number. This does not affect TCP/IP or
IPX networks.
COMMUNICATIONS
Setting Communications Mode
Press the RIGHT or LEFT
BLACK OVAL key to display other choices.
Default: Normal mode
Selections: Normal mode, diagnostics
The communication diagnostics mode is a troubleshooting tool
for checking the interconnection between the printer and the
host. When “diagnostics” is selected, all data sent from the host
to the printer will be printed as straight ASCII hex characters. The
printer prints all characters received including control codes, like
CR (carriage return). A sample printout is shown in Figure 34 on
page 91.
NOTES on diagnostic printouts:
• An FE indicates a framing error.
• An OE indicates an overrun error.
• A PE indicates a parity error.
• An NE indicates noise.
For any errors, check that your communication parameters are
correct. Set the print width equal to or less than the label width
used for the test. See page 52 for more information.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
59
Selecting Prefix and Delimiter Characters
Prefix and delimiter characters are 2-digit hex values used within the ZPL/ZPL II formats sent to
the printer. The printer uses the last prefix and delimiter characters sent to it, whether from a
ZPL II instruction or from the front panel.
NOTE: DO NOT use the same hex value for the control, format, and delimiter character. The
printer needs to see different characters to function properly.
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
Control Prefix Character
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
move to the next digit position, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL
key to increase the value of the digit.
CONTROL PREFIX Default: 7E (tilde - displayed as a black square)
Range: 00-FF
The printer looks for this 2-digit hex character to indicate the start
of a ZPL/ZPL II control instruction.
60
FORMAT
PREFIX
Format Prefix Character
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
move to the next digit position, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL
key to increase the value of the digit.
Default: 5E (caret)
Range: 00 - FF
The printer looks for this 2-digit hex character to indicate the start
of a ZPL/ZPL II format instruction.
DELIMITER CHAR
Delimiter Character
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
move to the next digit position, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL
key to increase the value of the digit.
Default: 2C (comma)
Range: 00 - FF
The delimiter character is a 2-digit hex value used as a parameter
place marker in ZPL/ZPL II format instructions. Refer to the ZPL II
Programming Reference Volumes I and II for more information.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Selecting ZPL Mode
Press
Display Shows
ZPL MODE
Action/Explanation
Selecting ZPL Mode
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL
key to display other choices.
Default: ZPL II
Selections: ZPL II, ZPL
The printer will remain in the selected mode until it is changed by
this front panel instruction or by using a ZPL/ZPL II command. The
printer accepts label formats written in either ZPL or ZPL II. This
eliminates the need to rewrite any ZPL formats you already have.
Refer to the ZPL II Programming Reference Volumes I and II for
more information on the differences between ZPL and ZPL II .
Power-Up and Head Close Parameters
MEDIA POWER
UP
Media Power-Up
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key
to display other choices.
Default: Feed
Selections: Feed, calibration, length, and no motion
This parameter establishes the action of the media when the
printer is turned on.
• Calibration: Recalibrates the media and ribbon sensors.
• Feed: Feeds the label to the first web.
• Length: Determines the length of the label.
• No Motion: Media does not move.
HEAD CLOSE
Head Close
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
display other choices.
Default: Feed
Selections: Feed, calibration, length, no motion
Determines the action of the media after the printhead has been
opened and then closed.
• Calibration: Recalibrates the media and ribbon sensors.
• Feed: Feeds the label to the first web.
• Length: Determines the length of the label.
• No Motion: Media does not move.
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61
Label Positioning Parameters
Press
62
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
BACKFEED
Backfeed Sequence
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL
key to display other choices.
Default: Default (90%)
Selections: Default, after, before, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%,
60%, 70%, 80%, off
This parameter establishes when and how much label backfeed
occurs after a label is removed or cut in the peel-off, cutter, and
applicator modes. It has no effect in rewind or tear-off modes.
This parameter setting can be superseded by the ~JS instruction
when received as part of a label format (refer to the ZPL II
Programming Reference Volumes I and II).
NOTE: The difference between the value entered and 100%
establishes how much backfeed occurs before the next
label is printed. For example, a value of 40 means that
40% of the backfeed takes place after the label is
removed or cut. The remaining 60% takes place before
the next label is printed. A value of “before” means that
all backfeed will take place before the next label is
printed.
LABEL TOP
Adjusting Label Top Position Press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key
to increase the value, press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
decrease the value. The displayed value represents dots.
Default: +0
Range: -120 to +120 dot rows
The label top position adjusts the print position vertically on the
label. Positive numbers adjust the label top position further down
the label (away from the printhead), negative numbers adjust the
position up the label (toward the printhead).
LEFT POSITION
Adjusting Left Position Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
move to the next position, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to
change between + and - and to increase the value of the digit.
The displayed value represents dots.
Default: 0000
Range: -9999 to +9999
NOTE: For a negative value, enter the value before changing to
the minus sign.
This parameter establishes how far from the left edge of a label
the format will begin to print by adjusting horizontal positioning
on the label. Positive numbers adjust the printing to the left by
the number of dots selected, negative numbers shift printing to
the right.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
HEAD TEST
COUNT
Setting the Head Test Count
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL
key to move to the next digit position, press the RIGHT BLACK
OVAL key to change the value of the digit.
Default: 0000 (disables the test)
Range: 0000 to 9999
The printer periodically performs a test of the printhead
functionality, called a “printhead test” or “head test.” This
parameter establishes how many labels are printed between
these internal tests.
HEAD RESISTOR
Setting the Head Resistor Value
Press the LEFT BLACK
OVAL key to move to the next digit position, press the RIGHT
BLACK OVAL key to increase the value of the digit.
CAUTION: This parameter should only be changed by qualified
personnel!
Initial Value: Factory-set to match the printhead shipped with
your printer.
Default Value: 0500
Range: 0500 to 1175
This value has been pre-set at the factory to match the resistance
value of the printhead. It will not need to be changed unless the
printhead is replaced.
CAUTION: DO NOT set the value higher than that shown on the
printhead. Setting a higher value may damage the
printhead!
Before replacing a printhead, look on the bottom of the printhead
element for the label that shows the resistance value (ohm value).
VERIFIER PORT
Setting the Verifier Port
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK
OVAL key to display other choices.
Default: Off
Selections: Off, 1 VER-RPRNT, 2 VER-THRUPUT
The auxiliary port is used to determine how the printer will react
to the Zebra on-line verifier. There are currently three operating
conditions for this port:
• Off: The verifier port is off.
• 1 VER-RPRNT ERR: Label reprinted if verifier detects an error.
If a bar code is near the upper edge of the label, the label will be
fed out far enough to be verified and then backfed to allow the
next label to be printed and verified.
• 2 VER-THRUPUT: Allows greatest throughput but may not
indicate a verification error immediately upon detection. May
print from one to three labels before an error is recognized and
printing stops.
For more information on the operation of the optional verifier,
refer to the documentation provided with that option.
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63
Press
Display Shows
APPLICATOR
PORT
Action/Explanation
Setting the Applicator Port
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK
OVAL key to display other choices.
Default: Off
Selections: Off, mode 1, mode 2, mode 3, mode 4
Determines the action of the verifier port.
• Off: The applicator port is off.
• Mode 1: Asserts the ~END_PRINT signal low while the printer
is moving the label forward.
• Mode 2: Asserts the ~END_PRINT signal high while the printer
is moving the label forward.
• Mode 3: Asserts the ~END_PRINT signal low for 20
milliseconds when a label has been completed and positioned.
Not asserted during continuous printing modes.
• Mode 4: Asserts the ~END_PRINT signal high for 20
milliseconds when a label has been completed and positioned.
Not asserted during continuous printing modes.
WEB S.
MEDIA S.
RIBBON S.
MARK S.
MARK MED S.
These parameters are automatically set during the calibration
procedure. They should only be changed by a qualified service
technician. Refer to the maintenance manual for more
information on these parameters.
Press the NEXT/SAVE key repeatedly to skip these parameters.
MEDIA LED
RIBBON LED
MARK LED
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
LCD ADJUST
LCD Display Adjustment
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
decrease the value (reduce brightness), press the RIGHT BLACK
OVAL key to increase the value (increase brightness).
Range: 00 to 19
This parameter allows you to adjust the brightness of your
display if your display is difficult to read.
FORMAT
CONVERT
Format Convert Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
display other choices.
Default: None
Selections: None, 150 → 300, 150 → 600, 200 → 600, 300 → 600
Selects the bitmap scaling factor. The first number is the original
dots per inch (d.p.i.) value; the second, the d.p.i. to which you
would like to scale.
IDLE DISPLAY*
Idle Display Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
display other choices.
Default: Firmware version
Selections: mm/dd/yy (24 hour), mm/dd/yy (12 hour),
dd/mm/yy (24 hour), dd/mm/yy (12 hour)
This parameter selects the LCD display options for the real time
clock (if installed).
NOTE: If the default value is not selected, pressing either BLACK
OVAL key will briefly display the firmware version of the
printer.
RTC DATE*
RTC Date
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to move to the
next digit position, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to increase
the value of the digit.
This parameter allows you to set the date following the
convention selected in “IDLE DISPLAY.”
RTC TIME*
RTC Time
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to move to the
next digit position, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to increase
the value of the digit.
This parameter allows you to set the time following the
convention selected in “IDLE DISPLAY.”
* Option required
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65
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
IP RESOLUTION*
IP Resolution
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
display other choices.
Default: Dynamic
Selections: Dynamic, permanent
Depending on the selection, allows either the user (”permanent”)
or the server (”dynamic”) to select the IP address. For more
information, refer to ZebraNet Networking: PrintServer II
Installation and User’s Guide.
IP PROTOCOLS*
IP Protocols
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
display other choices.
Default: All
Selections: All, gleaning only, RARP, BOOTP, DHCP,
DHCP/BOOTP
If “dynamic” was chosen in the previous parameter, this selection
determines the method(s) by which the PrinterServer will receive
the IP address from the server. For more information, refer to
ZebraNet Networking: PrintServer II Installation and User’s
Guide.
IP ADDRESS*
IP Address
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to move to the
next digit position, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to increase
the value of the digit.
This parameter allows you to select the IP address if “permanent”
was chosen in “IP RESOLUTION.” (If “dynamic” was chosen, the
user cannot select the address.) For more information, refer to
ZebraNet Networking: PrintServer II Installation and User’s
Guide.
SUBNET MASK*
Subnet Mask
Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
display other choices.
Default: Permanent (user must set)
Selections: Dynamic (user may set, but server can assign),
permanent
This parameter selects the part of the IP address that is
considered to be part of the local network It can be reached
without going through the default gateway.
DEFAULT
GATEWAY*
Default Gateway
Press the LEFT BLACK OVAL key to move
to the next digit position, press the RIGHT BLACK OVAL key to
increase the value of the digit.
This parameter allows you to select the IP address that the
network traffic is routed through if the destination address is not
part of the local network.
* Option required
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Press
Display Shows
LANGUAGE
Action/Explanation
Selecting the Display Language Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK
OVAL key to display other choices.
Default: English
Selections: English, Spanish, French, German, Italian,
Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish, Danish,
Spanish 2, Dutch, Finnish, Custom
This parameter allows you to change the language used on the
front panel display.
RFID Test Press the left oval key to select the QUICK test or the
right oval key to select the SLOW test.
NOTE: RFID media must be loaded and the appropriate tag type
selected (or choose Autodetect) in order to run this test. Only the
Texas Instruments’ Tag-It and Philips I•Code RFID tags are
supported.
RFID TEST
QUICK - Perfoms the RFID Test and displays either a PASSED! or
FAILED! result for the entire test. The user is then prompted to
CONTINUE.
SLOW - Performs the same RFID Test but displays the status of
each function tested. There is a one second pause between the
displaying of the result of the current functions test and the
beginning of the next function test. If a particular functions
passes, the user will see an OK! for that function. If a particular
fuction fails, the user will see a FAILED! for that function and then
is prompted to CONTINUE.
Selecting the RFID Tag Type Press the right or left oval key to
display other choices.
RFID TAG TYPE
NOTE: Only the Texas Instruments’ Tag-It and Philips
Semiconductors’ I•Code RFID tags are supported.
Default: None Choices: Autodetect, None, Tag-It, ICODE
This parameter allows you to change the type of RFID tag being
used. If the user is unsure of the type of tag being used, select
Autodetect.
RFID ERR STATUS Displays the last RFID error status message received.
You have now completed the entire configuration and calibration sequence. You may either
press the NEXT/SAVE key or the SETUP/EXIT key.
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67
Press
Display Shows
Action/Explanation
You are now back at the first parameter in the configuration
sequence.
DARKNESS
68
NOTE: If you pressed the NEXT/SAVE key but are through
programming the printer configuration, you may press
the SETUP/EXIT key and continue with the “SAVE
SETTINGS” function.
SAVE SETTINGS
Save Settings Press the RIGHT or LEFT BLACK OVAL key to
display other choices.
Default: Permanent
Selections: Permanent, temporary, cancel, load defaults,
load last save.
This display appears when you attempt to exit the configuration
mode.
• Permanent: Permanently saves the changes, even when printer
power is turned off.
• Temporary: Saves the changes until changed again or until
power is turned off.
• Cancel: Cancels all changes since you entered the
configuration mode except for darkness and tear-off position (if
they were changed).
• Load defaults: Loads factory defaults.
NOTE: Loading factory defaults will require calibration.
• Load last save: Loads the values from the last permanent save.
PRINTER READY
Press the NEXT/SAVE key to activate the displayed choice.
You have exited the configuration and calibration sequence and
are now ready for normal printer operation
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Routine Care and Adjustment
Cleaning
The following table provides a brief cleaning schedule. Specific cleaning
procedures are provided on the following pages.
Area
Method
Printhead
Solvent*
Platen roller
Solvent*
Transmissive sensor
Air blow
Black mark sensor
Air blow
Media path
Solvent*
Ribbon sensor
Air blow
Label available sensors
Air blow
Tear-off/peel-off bar
Solvent*
Snap plate
Solvent*
Cutter
Solvent*
Interval
Direct thermal print mode:
After every roll of media (or
500’/152 m of fanfold media).
Thermal transfer print mode:
After every roll of ribbon.
Monthly
As needed
* Zebra recommends using a solvent containing 90% isopropyl alcohol.
CAUTION: Use only the cleaning agents indicated. Zebra
Technologies Corporation will not be responsible for
any other fluids being used on this printer.
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69
Cleaning the Exterior
The exterior surfaces of the printer may be cleaned with a lint-free cloth.
Do not use harsh or abrasive cleaning agents or solvents. If necessary, a
mild detergent solution or desktop cleaner may be used sparingly.
Cleaning the Interior
Inspect this area after every four rolls of media. Remove any dirt and lint
from the interior of the printer using a soft bristle brush and/or vacuum
cleaner.
Cleaning the Printhead and Platen Roller
Inconsistent print quality, such as voids in the bar code or graphics, may
indicate a dirty printhead. For best results, perform the following cleaning
procedure after every roll of ribbon.
NOTE: You do not need to turn off the printer before cleaning the
printhead. If power is turned off, all label formats and images, as
well as any temporarily saved parameter settings stored in the
printer’s internal memory, will be lost. When power is turned back
on, you will need to reload these items.
To clean the printhead, refer to Figure 25 and follow these steps:
1. Open the printhead.
2. Remove the media and ribbon (if loaded).
3. Moisten an applicator tip with Zebra-recommended solvent and wipe
along the print elements from end to end. (The print elements are on
the brown strip just behind the chrome strip on the printhead.) Allow a
few seconds for the solvent to evaporate.
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
4. Rotate the platen roller and clean thoroughly with solvent and an
applicator.
5. Brush/vacuum any accumulated paper lint and dust away from the
rollers.
6. Reload ribbon and/or media, and close and the printhead.
Figure 25
Cleaning the Sensors
The media, ribbon, and label available sensors should be cleaned on a
regular basis to ensure proper operation of the printer. To locate these
sensors, refer to Figure 25, Figure 6 on page 15, and Figure 7 on page 16.
Brush/vacuum any accumulated paper lint and dust off of these sensors.
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71
Cleaning the Snap Plate
Clean the snap plate to remove label adhesive or a label that has adhered to
the underside of the snap plate.
Refer to Figure 26.
1. Carefully push the tabs on the snap plate towards the rear of the printer
and gently lift up on the snap plate.
CAUTION: Use care to not bend, twist, or otherwise deform the
tabs!
2. Remove the snap plate from the printer.
3. Clean the snap plate with cleaning solvent and a soft cloth.
Refer to Figure 27.
4. To reinstall the snap plate, insert the the bottom of the snap plate (with
the notches) into the two slots of the media pathway.
5. Press down on the right and left end of the snap plate (near the tabs)
and lock into place.
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Figure 26
Figure 27
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73
Cleaning the Cutter Module
(For printers equipped with the optional cutter.)
If labels are not being cut properly or if the cutter jams with labels, turn off
the printer power and unplug the printer. Then, clean the stationary cutter
blade with cleaning solvent. This will remove label adhesive and/or paper
debris. If further cutter cleaning is necessary, or if the cutter continues to
perform unsatisfactorily, contact an authorized service technician.
Lubrication
CAUTION! No lubricating agents of any kind should be used on
this printer! Some commercially available lubricants
will damage the finish and the mechanical parts if
used.
Fuse Replacement
The printer uses a metric-style fuse (5 X 20 mm IEC) rated at F5A, 250V.
The end caps of the fuse must bear the certification mark of a known
international safety organization (see Figure 36 on page 98). The printer
comes with two approved fuses: one in the circuit and one in the “spare
fuse” holder.
1. Turn off the printer power and unplug the power cord from the back of
the printer. See Figure 28.
2. Using a small-blade screwdriver or similar tool, remove the fuse holder
from the printer.
3. Remove the faulty fuse and install a new fuse of the correct type. Refer
to Figure 29. The fuse that goes into the printer first is the one that is
“in-circuit.” If you use the spare fuse, be sure to order a replacement
fuse (fuses can be ordered from your Zebra distributor).
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
4. Snap the fuse holder back into position.
5. Reconnect the power cord.
If the new fuse fails right away, the printer has an internal component
failure and must be repaired.
Fuse
holder
AC power
entry
module
Small blade
screwdriver
Figure 28
Spare
fuse
Fuse
holder
In-circuit
fuse
Figure 29
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75
Adjustments
Toggle Positioning
Both toggles should be positioned so that they provide even pressure on the
media. The toggles are positioned by sliding them to the desired location.
On media too narrow to accommodate both toggles, position one toggle
over the center of the media and decrease the pressure on the unused toggle.
NOTE: Make sure that the toggle pressure is even across the width of the
media. Otherwise, the media and/or ribbon may “drift.”
Figure 30
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Printhead Pressure Adjustment
This adjustment may be necessary if printing is too light on one side or if
thick media is used. Refer to Figure 30.
1. Perform the toggle positioning procedure. If the problem is solved, you
may stop here; otherwise, continue with the rest of this procedure.
2. Print some labels at 2.4"/61 mm per second by running the PAUSE key
self test (see page 89).
3. While printing labels, lower the darkness setting until a gray level of
printing is seen.
4. Loosen the knurled (upper) locking nuts at the top of the toggle
assembly/assemblies.
5. Increase or decrease spring pressure using the knurled (lower) adjusting
nuts on the shafts of the toggle(s) until the left and right edges of
printed area are equally dark.
NOTE: Printhead life can be maximized by using the lowest pressure that
produces the desired print quality.
6. Increase darkness to the optimum level for the media being used.
7. Retighten locking nuts.
Media Sensor Position Adjustment
See “Positioning the Media Sensors” on page 14.
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77
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Troubleshooting
LED Error Conditions and Warnings
Error Condition Ribbon Out
Problem
Solution
In thermal transfer mode, the ribbon is
not loaded or loaded incorrectly.
Load the ribbon correctly. See “Ribbon Loading” on
page 43.
In thermal transfer mode, the ribbon
sensor is not sensing correctly loaded
ribbon.
Perform the media and ribbon sensor calibration (see
page 21).
In direct thermal mode, when ribbon is
not used:
Put the printer in direct thermal mode via the front
panel and remove ribbon (if loaded).
Ensure that the printer driver or software settings are
correctly set (if applicable).
Error Condition Paper Out
Problem
Solution
The media is not loaded or loaded
incorrectly.
Reload the media. Refer to “Roll Media Loading” on
page 31.
The media sensor is not adjusted
properly.
Check the position of the upper and lower media
sensors. See “Positioning the Media Sensors” on
page 14.
The printer is set for non-continuous
media, but continuous media is loaded.
Either load the correct media or set the printer for the
correct media type via the front panel.
Ensure that the printer driver or software settings are
correctly set (if applicable).
Calibrate the printer (see page 21).
The incorrect media sensor is being
used.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Via the front panel, check the sensor type to ensure
that the correct one is used for the media loaded. See
page 20. Calibrate the printer (see page 21).
79
Error Condition Head Open
Problem
The printhead is not fully closed.
Solution
Close the printhead.
Error Condition Head Element Bad
Problem
Solution
If the failed elements impact your printing application,
One or more of the printhead elements replace the printhead. To override this error, disable
have failed the printhead element test. the head test count feature on the front panel by
defaulting the value to “0000.” See page 63.
Warning Ribbon In
Problem
The ribbon is loaded.
Solution
Remove the ribbon and set the printer to direct thermal
mode.
Ensure that the printer driver and/or software settings
are correctly set (if applicable).
Warning Head Too Hot
Problem
The printhead is over temperature.
80
Solution
Allow the printer to cool. Printing automatically
resumes when the printhead elements cool to an
acceptable operating temperature.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Warning Head Cold
Problem
The printhead is under temperature.
Solution
Continue printing while the printhead reaches the
correct operating temperature. If the error remains,
the environment may be too cold for proper printing.
Relocate the printer to a warmer area.
Warning Cutter Jammed
Problem
Cutter blade is in the media path.
Solution
Turn off the printer power and unplug the printer.
Inspect the cutter module for debris and clean as
needed following the cleaning instructions on page 74.
Out of Memory*
Problem
Solution
Insufficient DRAM for the label length, downloaded
fonts/graphics, and images.
*There is not enough memory to
perform the function shown on the
second line of the error message.
Ensure that the device, such as FLASH memory or
PCMCIA card, is installed and not write protected or
full.
Ensure that the data is not directed to a device that is
not installed or available.
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81
Print Quality Problems
General Print Quality Issues
Problem
Solution
You are using an incorrect media and
Consult your authorized Zebra reseller/distributor for
ribbon combination for your application. information and advice.
The printer is set at the incorrect print
speed.
For optimal print quality, set the print speed to the
lowest possible setting via ZPL II, the driver, or the
software.
The printer is set at the incorrect
darkness level.
For optimal print quality, set the darkness to the lowest
possible setting via the front panel, the driver, or the
software.
The printhead is dirty.
Clean the printhead according to the instructions on
page 70.
There is light printing (or no printing) on The toggle pressure needs to be adjusted. Follow the
printhead pressure adjustment instructions on
the left or right side of the label or the
page 77.
printed image is not sharp.
Gray lines on blank labels with no consistent pattern
Problem
The printhead is dirty.
Solution
Clean the printhead according to the instructions on
page 70.
Light, consistent vertical lines running through all of the labels
Problem
The printhead or platen roller is dirty.
Solution
Clean the printhead, platen roller, or both according to
the instructions on page 70.
Intermittent creases on the left and right edges of the labels
Problem
There is too much toggle pressure on
the printhead.
82
Solution
Reduce the toggle pressure. Refer to the printhead
pressure adjustment on page 77.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Wrinkled Ribbon
Problem
Solution
The ribbon is not loaded correctly.
Load the ribbon correctly. See “Ribbon Loading” on
page 43.
The darkness setting is incorrect.
Set the darkness to the lowest possible setting for
good print quality. See “Darkness” on page 50.
Set the pressure to the minimum required for good
Incorrect printhead pressure or balance. print quality. See “Printhead Pressure Adjustment” on
page 77.
The media is not feeding correctly. It is
“walking” from side to side.
Make sure that the media guide and media supply
guide touch the edge of the media.
Communications
A label format was sent to the printer but not recognized. The
DATA light does not flash.
Problem
Solution
Check the printer driver or software communications
settings (if applicable).
The communication parameters are
incorrect.
Check the printer host port setting via the front panel
(see page 57). Select the port that matches the one
being used by the host.
Are you using the correct communication cable? See
page 26 for the requirements.
Via the front panel, check the protocol setting. It
should be set to “none.” See page 58.
Ensure that the correct driver is being used, if
applicable.
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83
A label format was sent to the printer. Several labels print, then the
printer skips, misplaces, misses, or distorts the image on the label.
Problem
The host is set to EPP parallel
communications.
Solution
Change the settings on the computer host to standard
parallel communications.
Ensure that the flow control settings match.
The serial communication settings are
incorrect.
Check the communication cable length. See page 26
for requirements.
Check the printer driver or software communications
settings (if applicable).
A label format was sent to the printer but not recognized. The
DATA light flashes but no printing occurs.
Problem
The prefix and delimeter characters set
in the printer do not match the ones in
the label format.
Incorrect data is being sent to the
printer.
84
Solution
Verify the prefix and delimeter characters. See
page 60.
Ensure that ZPL is being used.
Check the communication settings on the computer.
Ensure that they match the printer settings.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
RFID Symptoms
Problem
RFID tags not programming
(general).
RFID VOID label is printed.
Diagnosis
Solution
Printer not set-up properly
Print a Configuration label
(Cancel Key Self Test) to verify
RFID version.
Run an RFID Self Test (through
the Front Panel). Make note of
Error Messages and refer to that
symptom in this table.
Check if supported RFID
media is loaded properly.
Reload media.
Verify tag type is properly
selected in ZPLII and/or
through front panel.
Use RFID media with supported
tag type.
Edit ZPLII to select proper tag
type or set through control
panel.
Edit ZPL II to increase retries.
ZPL II is attempting to write
to a non-existent block.
Some tag’s (e.g. Tag-It) blocks
are identified as 0 - 7. If ZPL II
attempts to write to block “8”, it
will fail. Check the ZPL II
commands and make the
appropriate corrections.
Verify voided tag on external Discard bad tag (media problem)
reader.
Bad RFID Labels - No VOID
NO TAG Error Message
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Error Message appears on
Front Panel
Refer to that symptom in this
table.
Verify ZPL II for RFID
commands.
Add proper RFID commands to
ZPL II.
Read/Program labels
externally.
Bad tag if it fails external verify.
Call service technician if it
passes external verify.
Tag is out of reach of the
antenna or too close.
Verify tag alignment
Wrong type of tag was
selected.
Verify tag type is properly
selected in ZPLII and/or through
front panel.
Verify that the label has a
transponder in it.
Block is write protected
Ensure that the tag is not write
protected .
85
Problem
NO TAG Error Message
(Continued)
Diagnosis
Solution
Tags have metal/aluminum
in them.
Confirm that the tags meet
requirements (i.e. no metal/
aluminum in them)
Reload with proper tags.
ZPL II giving insufficient
amount of retries.
Increase the number of retries in
the ZPL II commands.
Tag is bad.
Load new tags.
Retry printing label.
PK TIMEOUT Error Message
An attempt was made to
communicate to the internal
hardware, but timed out.
Cycle power and try printing
label again.
Verify internal cabling
connections
Call service technician.
Other Error Messages
86
Problem not correctable by
User.
Call service technician.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Printer Diagnostics
Power-On Self Test
A power-on self test (POST) is performed automatically each time the
printer is turned on. During this test sequence, the front panel lights and
liquid crystal display monitor the progress of the POST. If the printer fails
any of these tests, the word “FAILED” will be added to the display. If this
occurs, notify an authorized Zebra reseller.
Additional Printer Self Tests
These self tests produce sample printouts and provide specific information
that help determine the operating conditions for the printer.
Each self test is enabled by pressing a specific front panel key or
combination of keys while turning the POWER switch on. Keep the key(s)
depressed until the DATA light turns off. When the power-on self test is
complete, the selected self test starts automatically.
NOTES: When performing self tests, avoid sending a label format to the
printer. In the case of a remote host, disconnect all data interface
cables from the printer.
When canceling a self test prior to its actual completion, always
turn the printer power off and then back on to reset the printer.
When performing these self tests while in the peel-off mode,
you must remove the labels as they become available.
If your media is not wide enough or long enough, unexpected
and/or undesired results may occur. Make sure that your print
width is set correctly for the media you are using before you
run any self tests, otherwise the test may print out on the platen
roller. See page 52 for information on setting the print width.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
87
CANCEL Key Self Test
This self test prints a listing of the
configuration parameters currently
stored in the printer’s memory. See
Figure 31 (depending on the options
ordered, your label may look
different).
1. Turn the printer off.
2. Press and hold the CANCEL key
while turning on the power.
The configuration may be changed
either temporarily (for specific label
formats or ribbon and label stock) or
permanently (by saving the new
parameters in memory). Saving new
parameters occurs whenever a
calibration procedure is performed.
Refer to page 19 for further
information about the configuration
procedure.
PULSE MODE
FEED MODE
ENABLED
DISABLED
START PRINT SIG
RESYNCH MODE
RIBBON LOW MODE
REPRINT MODE
1P1
4096
NONE
1536
hfDep: Version 1
2000-05-17 12:27:15
RFID VERSION
TIME STAMP
Figure 31
88
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
PAUSE Key Self Test
This self test can be used to provide the test labels required when making
adjustments to the printer’s mechanical assemblies. See the sample printout
in Figure 32.
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Press and hold the PAUSE key while turning on the power.
n
n
n
n
n
n
The initial self test prints 15 labels at 2.4"/61 mm per second
per second, then automatically pauses the printer. Each time the PAUSE
key is pressed, an additional 15 labels print.
While the printer is paused, pressing the CANCEL key alters the self
test. Now each time the PAUSE key is pressed the printer prints 15
labels at 6"/152 mm per second.
While the printer is paused, pressing the CANCEL key again alters the
self test again. Each time the PAUSE key is pressed the printer prints 50
labels at 2.4”/61 mm per second.
While the printer is paused, pressing the CANCEL key again alters the
self test a third time. Now each time the PAUSE key is pressed the
printer prints 50 labels at 6”/152 mm per second.
While the printer is paused, pressing the CANCEL key again alters the
self test a fourth time. Each time the PAUSE key is pressed the printer
prints 15 labels at the printer’s maximum speed.
To exit this self test at any time, press and hold the CANCEL key.
Figure 32
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
89
FEED Key Self Test
See Figure 33.
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Press and hold the
FEED key while
turning on the power.
The FEED key self test
prints out at various
darkness settings above
and below that of the
darkness value shown on
the configuration label.
Look at these labels and
determine which one has
the best darkness setting
for your application. This
value can be entered into
the printer by setting the
darkness during the
configuration procedure.
Refer to page 50 for more
information.
Figure 33
The value printed on that label is added to (plus) or subtracted from (minus)
the darkness value specified on the configuration label. The resulting
numeric value (0 to 30) is the best darkness value for that specific
media/ribbon combination.
90
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
FEED Key and PAUSE Key Self Test
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Press and hold the FEED and PAUSE keys while turning on the power.
Performing this self test temporarily resets the printer configuration to the
factory default values. These values will be active only until power is
turned off unless you save them permanently in memory.
Communications Diagnostics Test
This test is controlled from the front panel display. Refer to page 59. A
typical printout from this test is shown in Figure 34. Turn off the power to
exit this self test.
NOTE: This label will be inverted when printed.
Figure 34
Additional Printer Diagnostics
Additional diagnostic tests are available for this printer, however they are
beyond the scope of this user’s guide. Refer to the maintenance manual for
information about these additional tests.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
91
92
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Specifications
NOTE: Printer specifications are subject to change without notice.
Media Handling
n
n
Tear-off mode: Labels are produced in strips.
Peel-off mode: Labels are dispensed and peeled from the liner as
needed.
n
Cutter mode: Labels are printed and individually cut.
n
Rewind mode: Labels are rewound internally.
Options
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Cutter
Rewind
Cutter-rewind
Cutter tray
Double-hinged media door with
clear panel
Applicator interface
Real time clock
Advance counter
Bar-One® Windows™-based
WYSIWYG on-screen label design
and print application software
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
IBM twinax interface
IBM coax interface
ZebraNet PrintServer II, including
Ethernet interface (10Base-T),
WebView graphical setup and printer
control, and Alert unsolicited error
notification
RS-485 interface
Font cards
DRAM memory expandable to 12 MB
Memory cards
Programmable print speeds
Printer drivers for Windows™
operating systems
93
Zebra Programming Language (ZPL II®)
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Downloadable graphics, scalable and
bitmap fonts, and label formats
Object copying between memory areas
(RAM, memory card, and internal
FLASH)
Code Page 850 character set
Adjustable print cache
Data compression
Automatic virtual input buffer
management
Automatic memory allocation
Format inversion
Mirror image printing
Four-position field rotation (0º, 90º,
180º, and 270º)
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Slew command
Programmable quantity with print,
pause, and cut control
Communicates in printable ASCII
characters
Error-checking protocol
Controlled via mainframe, minicomputer, PC, portable data terminal
Serialized fields
In-spec OCR-A and OCR-B
UPC/EAN
User-programmable password
Status message to host upon request
Bar Codes
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
94
Bar code ratios - 2:1, 7:3, 5:2, & 3:1
Codabar (supports ratios of 2:1 up to
3:1)
CODABLOCK
Code 11
Code 39 (supports ratios of 2:1 up to
3:1)
Code 49 (2-dimensional bar code)
Code 93
Code 128 (with subsets A, B, and C
and UCC case C codes)
Data Matrix
EAN-8, EAN-13, EAN extensions
Industrial 2 of 5
Interleaved 2 of 5 (supports ratios of
2:1 up to 3:1, Modulus 10 Check
Digit)
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
ISBT-128
LOGMARS
MaxiCode
Micro PDF
MSI
PDF-417 (2-dimensional bar code)
Plessey
POSTNET
QR-Code
Standard 2 of 5
UPC-A, UPC-E, UPC extensions
Check digit calculation where
applicable
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
General Specifications
General Specifications
R-140
Height
15.5"
393.7 mm
Width
11.15"
283.2 mm
Depth
19.5"
495.3 mm
Weight (without options)
55 lb
General (auto adjusting)
Electrical
Printing PAUSE
test label at
Power
consumption slowest speed
Printer idle
Compliance
Temperature
Relative
humidity
25 kg
90-264 VAC;
48-62 Hz
180 W
19 W
Complies with FCC class “A” and
Canadian Doc. class “A” rules.
Carries the CE mark of compliance.
Thermal
transfer
Operating
environment
Direct thermal
41º to
104º F
5º to
40º C
32º to
104º F
0º to
40º C
Storage
-40º to
140º F
-40º
to
60º C
Operating environment
20 to 85% non-condensing
Storage
5 to 85% non-condensing
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
95
Printing Specifications
Printing Specifications
R-140
Resolution
203 dots/inch (8 dots/mm)
Dot size (width x length)
First dot location
from inside media edge
0.0049” x 0.0049” (.125 x .125 mm)
0.10" ± .035" (2.5 mm ± .89 mm)
Maximum print width
Noncontinuous
printing
Print
length
(max.)
5.04” (128 mm)
With standard
memory
39” (991 mm)
With
12 MB memory
39” (991 mm)
With standard
Continuous memory
printing
With
12 MB memory
Bar code Ladder (rotated) orientation
modulus
(“X”)
Picket fence (non-rotated)
dim.
Thin-film printhead with Element Energy
Equalizer (E3)®
121” (3073 mm)
150” (3810 mm)
4.9 mil to 49 mil
4.9 mil to 49 mil
Yes
Ribbon Specification
Ribbon Specifications
R-140
Ribbon must be wound with the coated side out.
Ribbon width (Zebra recom- Minimum
mends using ribbon at least as
wide as the media to protect
Maximum
the printhead from wear.)
Standard
lengths
1.57” (40 mm)
5.10” (130 mm)
2:1 media to ribbon roll ratio
984 ft. (300 m)
3:1 media to ribbon roll ratio
1476 ft. (450 m)
Ribbon core inside diameter
1.0” (25.4 mm)
Maximum ribbon roll outside diameter
3.2” (81.3 mm)
96
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Media Specifications
Media Specifications
Minimum label length*
Standard
Tear-off
0.7" (18 mm)
Peel-off
0.5" (13 mm)
Cutter
1.5" (38 mm)
Rewind
0.25" (6 mm)
Smart Media (RFID)
Total media width
(label + liner, if any)
Minimum
1.57” (40 mm)
3.0” (76 mm)
Maximum
5.51” (140 mm)
5.51” (140 mm)
Total thickness
(includes liner, if any)
Minimum
0.003” (0.076 mm)
0.003” (0.076 mm)
Maximum
0.012” (0.305 mm)
0.010” (0.254 mm) excluding IC Chip
Cutter maximum full-width
media thickness
.009" (.23 mm)
Roll media core inside diameter
Maximum roll diameter
3” (76 mm)
4.0” (102 mm)
8.0” (203 mm)
6.0” (152 mm)
Phillips I-Code
RFID Tag Types
Texas Instruments Tag-It
Minimum
Inter-label gap
Preferred
Maximum
0.079” (2 mm)
0.118” (3 mm)
Maximum inter-label gap =
2 x (label length for which you have
calibrated the printer + 1”
Maximum internal fanfold media pack size 8.0” x 5.51” x 4.5” (203x140x114 mm)
(label + liner) L x W x H
Ticket/tag sensing notch L x W
Ticket/tag sensing hole diameter
Effective leading edge
registration accuracy*
0.125" (3 mm)
Vertical
±0.070” (±1.8 mm)
Horizontal
±0.070” (±1.8 mm)
Minimum
0.12” (3 mm)
Maximum
0.43” (11 mm)
Mark width
Minimum
(measuring
Additional perpendicular to
Maximum
specs. for label/tag edge
black mark
sensing
Mark location
0.43” (11 mm)
Mark length
(measuring
parallel to
label/tag edge)
Mark density
Maximum density of the back of
the media on which the black
mark is printed
*
97
0.12" x .25"
(3 mm) x (6 mm)
Full media width
Marks must be located within .040"
(1 mm) of the inside media edge.
> 1.0 ODU (Optical Density Unit)
0.5 ODU
Media registration and minimum label length are affected by media type and width, ribbon type,
print speed, and printer mode of operation. Performance improves as these factors are optimized.
Zebra recommends always qualifying any application with thorough testing.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Power Line Cord Specifications
n
The overall length must be less than 9.8 feet (3.0 meters).
n
It must be rated for at least 5 A, 250 V.
n
n
The chassis ground (earth) MUST be connected to assure safety and
reduce electromagnetic interference. The ground connection is handled
by the third wire (earth) in the power line cord. See Figure 35.
The AC power plug and IEC 320 connector must bear the certification
mark of at least one of the known international safety organizations
shown in Figure 36.
AC power
plug for
your country
3 conductor
<HAR> cable
Contact
view
IEC 320
connector
Neutral
Earth
Live
Figure 35
+
R
Figure 36
98
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Appendix
Printer Interface Technical Information
RS-232/RS-422/RS-485 Serial Data Port
The connections for these standard interfaces are made through the DB25S
connector on the rear panel. For all RS-232 input and output signals, the
printer follows both the Electronics Industries Association’s (EIA) RS-232
specifications and the Consultative Committee for International Telegraph
and Telephone (CCITT) V.24 standard signal level specifications.
The following table shows the pin configuration and function of the rear
panel serial data connector on the printer.
Pin No.
Description
1
FG (frame ground) for cable shield
2
TXD (RS-232 transmit data) output from printer
3
RXD (RS-232 receive data) input to printer
4
RTS (RS-232 request to send) output from printer
6
DSR (data set ready) input to printer
7
SG (signal ground) for RS-232
9
+5 VDC source output (1 Amp maximum)
11
SGR (signal ground reference) for RS-422/RS-485
13
Data input B(-); RS-422/RS-485
14
Data output B(-); RS-422/RS-485
16
Data input A(+); RS-422/RS-485
19
Data output A(+); RS-422/RS-485
20
DTR (RS-232 data terminal ready) output from printer
NOTE: Pins 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17-18, 21-25 are not used and are unterminated.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
99
RS-232 connector (DTE)
rear panel DB-25S
+5 V
F1
1 Amp
1
FG (frame ground)
2
TXD (transmit data) output
3
RXD (receive data) input
4
RTS (request to send) output
6
DSR (data set ready) input
7
SG (signal ground)
9
+5 VDC source
20
DTR (data terminal ready) output
Figure 37
RS-232 Interconnections
The printer is configured as Data Terminal Equipment (DTE).
Figure 37 illustrates the internal connections of the printer’s RS-232
connector.
Figure 38 illustrates the connections required to interconnect the printer
with the standard 9-pin serial port connector on a computer.
NOTES: If using a 9-pin to 25-pin adapter plug attached to the computer,
use a null modem cable between the adapter plug and the
printer.
To connect the printer to other DTE devices with DB-25
connectors (such as the serial port of a PC), an RS-232 null
modem (crossover) cable should be used.
100
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
DB-25P
connector
to printer
DB-9S
connector
to computer
DCD
FG
RXD
TXD
TXD
DTR
RXD
SG
RTS
DSR
DSR
RTS
SG
CTS
DTR
RI
Figure 38
When the printer is connected via its RS-232 interface to Data
Communication Equipment (DCE) such as a modem, use a standard RS-232
(straight-through) interface cable. Figure 39 illustrates the connections
required for this cable.
DCE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
20
DTE
FG (frame ground)
TXD (transmit data)
RXD (receive data)
RTS (request to send)
CTS (clear to send)
DSR (data set ready)
SG (signal ground)
CD (carrier detect)
DTR (data terminal ready)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
20
NOTE: Pins 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17-18, 21-25 are not used and are unterminated.
Figure 39
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
101
Male DB-25
to printer
Frame ground
1
Signal ground ref.
11
Data input B(-)
13
14
Data output B(-)
Data input A(+)
Data output A(+)
16
19
Figure 40
RS-422/RS-485 Interconnections
The printer may be connected to a host by either an RS-422 or an RS-485
interface. The DB-25 connector on the rear of the printer uses specific pins
for this purpose. Figure 40 illustrates the required cable wiring for
interconnecting to the printer’s DB-25 connector. Figure 41 illustrates the
internal connections of the printer’s RS-422 or RS-485 connector.
+5 V
RS-422/RS-485 connector
rear panel DB-25S
F1
1 Amp
+5 V
10k
20k
10k
100
9
+5 VDC source
14
Data output B(-)
19
Data output A(+)
13
Data input B(-)
16
Data input A(+)
11
Signal ground reference
1
Frame ground
Figure 41
102
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Parallel Data Port
A standard 36-pin parallel connector is available at the rear of the printer for
connection to the data source. Under normal circumstances, data sent from
the printer to the host in response to a “Printer Status Request” command is
sent through the RS-232 serial port. However, if the host has a properly
configured IEEE-1284 parallel port that is recognized by the printer, status
information will be returned through the parallel port. Port selection for
status information is determined each time the printer is turned on.
Parallel Port Interconnections
The following table shows the pin configuration and function of a standard
computer-to-printer parallel cable.
36-pin
Connector
1
nStrobe/HostClk
2-9
Data Bits 1-8
10
nACK/PtrClk
11
Busy/PtrBusy
12
PError/ACKDataReq
13
Select/Xflag
14
nAutoFd/HostBusy
15
Not Used
16 & 17
18
19-30
Ground
+5V @ 1A
Ground
31
ninit
32
nFault/NDataAvail
33 & 34
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Description
Not Used
35
+5V through a 4.7 KΩ Resistor
36
NSelectIn/1284 active
103
ZPL II Commands for RFID
^WT – Write Tag
The format for the ^WT instruction is:
^WTb,r,m,w,s
where
^WT = Write Tag command
b = Block Number
Default value: 0
Other values: 1 to n, where n is the maximum number of
blocks for the tag
NOTE: This is the starting block number. If the user sends more than a
block of data it will overflow into the next block. If the user
overflows the block and subsequent blocks cause errors (write
protects, beyond range, etc.), the write will be aborted, but blocks
already written will not revert to original contents. It’s up to the
caller to ensure blocks aren’t accidentally overwritten.
r = Retries
Default value: 0
Other values: 1 to 10, number of retries
m = motion
Default value: 0 (Feed label after writing)
Other value: 1 (No Feed after writing, other ZPL may cause
a feed)
104
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
w = Write protect
Default value: 0 (NOT write protected)
Other value: 1 (Write protect)
s = Special mode
Reserved
^RT – Read Tag
The format for the ^RT instruction is:
^RT#,b,n,f,r,m,s
where
^RT = Read Tag command
# = Number to be assigned to the Field
Default value: 0
Other Values: 1 to 9999
b = Starting Block Number
Default value: 0
Other values: 1 to n, where n is the maximum number of
blocks for the tag
n = Number of blocks to read
Default value: 1
Other values: 2 to n, where n is maximum number of blocks
minus starting block number. In other words, if the tag has 8
blocks (starting with block 0) and you’re starting with block 6,
n can be 2. This would give you block 6 and block 7
information.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
105
f = Format
Default value: 0 ASCII
Other values: 1 Hexadecimal
r = Retries
Default value: 0
Other values: 1 to 10, number of retries
m = motion
Default value: 0 (Feed label after writing)
Other value: 1
a feed)
(No Feed after writing, other ZPL may cause
s = Reserved
Default value: 0
Example:
This example reads a block from a tag, and prints it on a label:
^XA
^FO20,120^A0N,60^FN1^FS
^FO20,100^A0N,20^FN2^FS
^RT1,7,3,0,5,0,0^FS
^RT2,2,2,0,5,0,0^FS
^XZ
The tag type is set by the front panel or by the ^RS command. The first
^RT command, starting at block 7, reads three blocks of data in ASCII
format. It will retry the command 5 times if necessary. A “void” label will
be generated if the read is unsuccessful after ‘r’ retries. The data read will
go into the ^FN1 location of the format.
106
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
The second ^RT command string at block 2, reads two blocks of data in
ASCII format. It retries up to 5 times. The data read will go into the ^FN2
location of the format.
NOTE: The data can be sent back to the host via the ^HV command.
^RS – RFID Setup
The format for the ^RS instruction is:
^RSt
where
t = tag type
Default value: 0 –NONE (No tags available)
Other values:
1- Auto detect (automatically determine the tag type, by querying
the tag)
2- Tag-it (Texas Instruments Tag-it tags)
3- I •Code (Philips I •Code tags)
^RI - RFID Get Tag Unique ID
The format for the ^RI instruction is:
^RIn
where
n = Field number to store the unique ID
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
107
The unique ID will be read from the tag and available to print or return to
the host computer.
Example:
^XA
^FO100,100^A0N, 60^FN0^FS
^RI0^FS
^XZ
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Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Sample ZPL II Label Formats
ZPL II ® is Zebra Technologies Corporation’s Zebra Programming
Language II label design language. ZPL II lets you create a wide variety
of labels from the simple to the very complex, including text, bar codes,
and graphics.
This section contains four sample label formats for you to begin
experimenting with. It is not intended as an introduction to ZPL II. It is
strongly suggested that new ZPL II users order a copy of the ZPL II
Programming Guide (part# 46530L) or download it at
http://support.zebra.com and select the Documentation Button.
For each format, do the following:
1. Set up the printer and turn the power on.
2. Use any word processor or text editor capable of creating ASCII-only
files (ex: Microsoft Word and save as a .txt file) and type in the label
format exactly as shown in the sample label format that follow.
3. Save the file in a directory for future use. Use the extension “ .zpl”.
4. Copy the file to the Zebra R-140 printer.
NOTE: Typically, computers running DOS use the “COPY” command to
send a file to the Zebra printer. For example, if your file name is
“format1.zpl” then type, “COPY FORMAT 1.ZPL XXXX”, where
“XXXX” is the port to which your Zebra printer is connected, for
example, “COM1" or ”LPT1".
5. Compare your results with those shown. If your printout does not look
like the one shown, confirm that the file you created is identical to the
format shown, then repeat the printing procedure. If nothing prints,
refer to the “Getting Started” section to make sure your system is set
up correctly, otherwise refer to the “Troubleshooting and Diagnostics”
section.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
109
Format 1: Simple Text and a Barcode
Line #
Type this label format
1.
^XA
2.
^LH30,30
3.
^FO20,10^AD^FDZEBRA^FS
4.
^FO20,60^B3N,Y,20,N^FDAAA001
5.
^XZ
You’ll get this printout
Line #1: Indicates start of label format.
Line #2: Sets label home position (in dots) from the upper left-hand corner of the label.
Line #3: Sets field origin, selects font “D”, defines field data as “ZEBRA”.
Line #4: Sets field origin, selects bar code Code 39, sets barcode height at 20 dot rows,
defines field data for bar code as “AAA001”.
Line #5: End of label format.
Format 2: Saving a Label Format As a Graphic Image
Line #
Type this label format
1.
^XA
2.
^LH30,30
3.
^FO20,10^AD^FDZEBRA^FS
4.
^FO20,60^B3N,Y,20,N^FDAAA001^FS
5.
^ISR:FORMAT2.GRF,N
6.
^XZ
7.
^XA
8.
^ILR:FORMAT2.GRF
9.
^XZ
You’ll get this printout
Same as Format 1, but
this format was also
saved in the printer’s
memory as a graphic
image named
“FORMAT2.GRF”.
Line #1: Indicates start of label format.
Line #2: Sets label home position (in dots) from the upper left-hand corner of the label.
Line #3: Sets field origin, selects font “D”, defines field data as “ZEBRA”.
Line #4: Sets field origin, selects bar code Code 39, sets barcode height at 20 dot rows,
defines field data for bar code as “AAA001”.
Line #5: Saves the format in the printer’s memory as a graphic image named “FORMAT2”,
the ”N” indicates “do not print after saving.”
Line #6-7: (See Format 1)
Line #8: Load and print the graphic image saved as “FORMAT2”.
Line #9: (See Format 1)
110
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Format 3: Using a Serialized Data Field
Line #
Type this label format
1.
^XA
2.
^LH30,30
3.
^FO20,10^AD^FDZEBRA^FS
4.
^FO20,60^B3,,40,^FDAAA001^FS
5.
^FO20,180^AF^SNSERIAL NUMBER
00000000111,1,Y^FS
6.
^PQ10
7.
^XZ
You’ll get this printout
Ten labels will print. The first (top) and last
(bottom) are shown here.
Line #1-3: (See Format 1)
Line #4: Defines field data for bar code as “AAA001”.
Line #5: Defines serialized field, starting value of 111, increment by 1, insert leading zeros.
Line #6: Sets print quantity to 10 (total number of labels to print).
Line #7: (See Format 1)
Format 4: RFID Sample
Line #
Type this label format
1.
^XA
2.
^WT6^FDZebra^FS
3.
^FO100,100^A0N,60^FN0^FS
4.
^FO100,200^A0N,40^FN1^FS
5.
^RT0,6,2^FS
6.
^RT1,6,2,1
7.
^XZ
You’ll get this printout
Zebra
5A65627261000000
Line #1: Indicates start of label format.
Line #2: Writes the data “Zebra” to block 6 for the tag (one byte will spill into block 7, since we have 4
bytes/block.
Line #3: Prints field number ‘0’ at locaton 100,100.^FN0 is replaced by what we read on line #5.
Line #4: Prints field number ‘1’ at locaton 100,200.^FN1 is replaced by what we read on line #6.
Line #5: Read Tag into field number 0, starting at block 6, lasting for 2 blocks in ASCII format (default).
Line #6: Read Tag into field number 1, starting at block 6, lasting for 2 blocks in hexadecimal format.
Line #7: End of label format.
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
111
112
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Index
Basic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Complete. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Continuous media . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
A
Adjustments
Media sensor position . . . . . . . . 77
Printhead pressure . . . . . . . . . . 77
Toggle positioning . . . . . . . . . . 76
B
Bar codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Black mark media sensor . . . . . . . . 16
D
Damage, reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Data specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . 25
F
FEED key and PAUSE key self test. . . 91
FEED key self test . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Front panel display . . . . . . . . . . . 28
C
Front panel keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Cabling requirements . . . . . . . . . . 26
Front panel lights . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Calibration
Media and ribbon . . . . . . . . . . 21
Fuse replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
CANCEL key self test . . . . . . . . . . 88
Cleaning
Cutter . . .
Exterior . .
Interior . . .
Platen roller
Printhead . .
Sensors. . .
Snap plate .
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74
70
70
70
70
71
72
Cleaning schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Communications diagnostics test . . . . 91
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Changing password-protected parameters
48
Configuration and calibration sequence
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Entering the setup mode . . . . . . . 47
Leaving the setup mode . . . . . . . 49
Configuring the printer
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
G
General specifications . . . . . . . . . . 95
I
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
IP network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,
47
L
Label backing, removing . . . . . . . . 42
LED error conditions and warnings . . . 79
Loading the media
Fanfold. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Roll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
113
Loading the ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Lower media sensor adjustment . . . . . 16
Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
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36
32
38
34
31
Media loading, fanfold . . . . . . . . . 40
Media loading, roll . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Media requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Media sensors
Black mark. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Transmissive . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Media sensors, positioning . . . . . . . 14
Media specifications. . . . . . . . . . . 97
Media types
Continuous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Non-continuous black mark . . . . . 11
Non-continuous web. . . . . . . . . 10
N
Network, IP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,
47
Non-continuous black mark media . . . 11
Non-continuous web media . . . . . . . 10
Operator controls
114
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28
29
30
27
Overview, printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Media handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
O
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Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
M
Media loading
Cutter . . . . . . . . .
Peel-off . . . . . . . .
Rewind (with cutter) . .
Rewind (without cutter)
Tear-off . . . . . . . .
Front panel display
Front panel keys . .
Front panel lights .
POWER switch . .
P
Parallel port technical information . . . 103
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
PAUSE key self test . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Power cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Power line cord specifications. . . . . . 98
POWER switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Power-on self test (POST). . . . . . . . 87
Print mode, choosing . . . . . . . . . . 12
Print quality problems . . . . . . . . . . 82
Printer configuration
Basic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Complete. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Printer diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Printer driver configuration . . . . . . . 20
Printer overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Printing specifications . . . . . . . . . . 96
R
Removing the ribbon . . . . . . . . . . 45
Reporting damage. . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Requirements
Media and ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Ribbon loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Ribbon removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Ribbon requirements . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Ribbon specifications . . . . . . . . . . 96
Unpacking and inspection . . . . . . . . 3
Upper media sensor adjustment . . . . . 15
S
Self tests
CANCEL key . . . . . . . .
Communications diagnostics
FEED key . . . . . . . . . .
FEED key and PAUSE key .
PAUSE key . . . . . . . . .
Power-on. . . . . . . . . . .
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88
91
90
91
89
87
Serial port technical information . . . . 99
Software configuration . . . . . . . . . 20
Specifications
Bar codes . . .
General. . . . .
Media . . . . .
Media handling
Options. . . . .
Power line cord
Printing . . . .
Ribbon . . . . .
ZPL II . . . . .
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94
95
97
93
93
98
96
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94
W
Wrinkled ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Z
ZebraNet Networking: PrintServer II Installation and User's Guide . . . . . . . . . 47
ZebraNet PrintServer II . . . . . . . . . 1,
25, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
ZPL II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
ZPL II Programming Reference Volumes I
and II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
System considerations . . . . . . . . . . 25
T
Test label, printing. . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Transmissive media sensor . . . . . . . 14
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Types of media . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
115
116
Zebra R-140 User’s Guide
Z E B R A P E R F O R M A N C E - L I N E TM
333 Corporate Woods Parkway
Vernon Hills, Illinois 60061.3109
Telephone 847.634.6700
Facsimile 847.913.8766
R-140
User's Guide
TM
Zebra Technologies Europe Limited
Zebra House
The Valley Centre, Gordon Road
High Wycombe
Buckinghamshire HP13 6EQ, UK
Telephone +44 (0) 1494 472872
Facsimile +44 (0) 1494 450103
Customer Order # 48040L
Manufacturer Part # 48040LB
© Zebra Technologies Corporation
R-140