ATG 2022 Introduction to Digital Video Editing

ATG 2022 Introduction to Digital Video Editing
May 2002
Wake Forest University
Table of Contents
1
TASKS ................................................................................................................................................................1
2
INSTALLATION ...............................................................................................................................................1
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.4
3
COURSEWARE CD .......................................................................................................................................1
SYSTEM REQUIREMENT ...............................................................................................................................1
VIDEO STUDIO.............................................................................................................................................2
Full version............................................................................................................................................3
Video Studio Trial..................................................................................................................................6
CLASS MATERIAL ........................................................................................................................................7
INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................................................................8
3.1
5 STEPS OF VIDEO ........................................................................................................................................8
3.2
GOTCHAS ....................................................................................................................................................9
3.2.1
PC Health ..............................................................................................................................................9
3.2.2
NTSC color ..........................................................................................................................................10
3.2.3
Interlace video .....................................................................................................................................11
3.2.4
Video Noise..........................................................................................................................................12
4
USER EXPERIENCE......................................................................................................................................13
4.1
8 TABS.......................................................................................................................................................14
4.1.1
Start .....................................................................................................................................................15
4.1.2
Capture ................................................................................................................................................16
4.1.2.1
4.1.2.2
4.1.2.3
4.1.3
Storyboard ...........................................................................................................................................19
4.1.3.1
4.1.3.2
4.1.3.3
4.1.3.4
4.1.4
4.1.5
4.1.6
5
Preview ...................................................................................................................................................... 19
Video Studio 6.0 specific potential Trimmed Video problems .................................................................. 20
Filter tab..................................................................................................................................................... 21
Export Options........................................................................................................................................... 22
Effect....................................................................................................................................................23
Overlay ................................................................................................................................................24
Title......................................................................................................................................................24
4.1.6.1
4.1.7
4.1.8
VideoStudio 6.0 specific potential capture problems................................................................................. 16
Additional Settings..................................................................................................................................... 18
Batch mode ................................................................................................................................................ 18
Safe Zones ................................................................................................................................................. 25
Audio....................................................................................................................................................25
Finish ...................................................................................................................................................27
REFERENCES.................................................................................................................................................28
1 Tasks
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•
•
•
•
•
•
You have 4 video clips (1:00,0:30, 0:30, 0:15).
Make a one minutes video out of them.
You will need to trim some of them
Adjust the video one of them
(Filter – e.g. Color Balance, Monochrome, or Cropping)
o Adjust the audio for another (optional)
Fade in/out (Effect)
o Overlay another video on top aka PiP (optional)
Add scrolling title
Add music
o Narration (optional)
Create a MPEG-1/2 file ready to make VCD or DVD in next workshop
2 Installation
2.1 Courseware CD
Pick one of the 4 class material CDs
CD1 - East Asian Studies/Health & Exercise
CD2 - Foreign Studies/Astronomy
CD3 - Science
CD4 - Atmospheric Studies/Geography
2.2 System Requirement
•
You may need to update your DirectX (a system component of Windows) for you
ThinkPad in order to install Video Studio.
Version 8.1 (8 Nov 2001) is on the courseware CD under \directx
•
You need about 420MB disk space to copy the starting point files, and ~40MB for the
finished project. It is highly recommended that you clean up about 1GB of free space
before begin.
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2.3 Video Studio
Install ULead Video Studio 6.0 if you do not have one installed already.
(* It is OK if you have version 4.0/5.0 (various SE, VE, retail, DVD edition), the features
added in the latest version are not very important for this workshop.)
(* Culpeper participants would have a copy of it on yours CD)
(* for the others, there is a 30-day trial version on the CD if you don’t have version 4/5/6)
Insert the class CD into your Thinkpad
Double click My computer
Double click D:
Double click the folder UVS6_E
Double click Setup.exe
The manual is in Adobe Acrobat PDF format on the CD also.
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2.3.1 Full version
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(* Culpeper participants – Your SN is in a text file called vs6sn-culpeper.txt on the CD)
* Choose Both NTSC and PAL standards if you will be dealing with videos from Europe/Hong
Kong etc.
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* uncheck all the options, not all the options are on the class CD. (they don’t fit. Ask your
instructor after workshop if you need them)
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2.3.2 Video Studio Trial
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2.4 Class material
If you have enough disk space, it is best if you copy all the 4 files in the video folder onto your
hard drive.
The materials have not been fully tested to run directly off CD-ROM. It runs extremely slow if
you use the video clips that way.
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3 Introduction
This is not really a class about Video Studio, you can do the same thing in other video editors.
3.1 5 steps of video
Acquire/Create
Analog
• antenna TV
• cable
• VHS
• SVHS
• VHS-C
• 8mm
• film!!
Digital
• CGI
• DV
• DVD-Video
(copyprotected
with CSS,
Macrovision,
ID2 etc. etc.)
• microMV
• DVD-???
recorder
• satellite
Capture/Transfer Edit
Analog
• ULead
• Camcorder
VideoStudio
• A->D box
• Capture card
• Adobe
Premiere
Digital
• Firewire add- • Pinnacle
in card
• Roxio
(desktop or
• Sonic
laptop)
Foundry
• IEEE1394
• Media 100
built-in
• Insync
• Discreet
• SONY ES
• Avid
Store/Make
Analog
VHS
S-VHS
8mm
Digital
• DV (AVI or
tape)
•
HD
•
•
•
CD-R
CD-RW
(CD-ROM)
•
•
•
•
•
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DVD-R
DVD+R
DVD-RW
DVD+RW
DVD-RAM
(DVDVideo)
(DVD-ROM)
•
Deliver
Disc
• VCD
• SVCD
• DVD
(miniDVD)
Streaming
• MPEG-1/2
• Real
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•
•
QuickTime
Microsoft
WMV
MPEG-4
ATG 2021 Intro to Digital Video
ATG 3022 DV Editing – Adobe Premiere 6.0
ATG 2022
Intro to Digital
Video Editing –
VideoStudio 6.0
ATG 3021 – Putting It Together
(* PDF file of ATG 2021 can be downloaded from http://atg.wfu.edu/technotes/)
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3.2 Gotchas
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One of the most demanding tasks – along with video composition, visual effects, CGI,
3D modeling, rendering, scientific computation, simulation, and visualization
Similar to burning CD-R in the old days - Not optimized system → $ 20 toaster
Now -10 minutes into a capture, out of disk space or dropped 14 frames, arrrrhhhhhhhh!!!
You want ropped frames <> 0
Uses Safe color to avoid outside gamut, bleed etc.
3.2.1 PC Health
•
Things you can do
o Stop background tasks running -Godzilla, Kazaaz, AIM, YIM, MIM?
o How many items in your system tray and task bar?
o Space, a lot of space - Every minute of DV = 206 MB
o Disk - Have you defragment your drive today (this month)?
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o Things harder to change
ƒ Get secondary hard drive, can be external Firewire or internal Thinkpad
Ultrabay. More expensive ones can be faster also (higher rpm)
ƒ Partition drive for dedicated section for video may help, faster to
defragment/format/backup
ƒ A20m performance very marginal,
A21 (well maintained) is ok most of time,
A30 should be fine most of the time (with no unnecessary things running)
3.2.2 NTSC color
Never The Same Color
Demo
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3.2.3 Interlace video
DV uses the more common known as “lower field first”
Computer display and some camcorder, and HDTV transmission is progressive.
Do a search on google for interlace for tons of references.
e.g. \video-examples in your CD
demo – tmpgenc deinterlace filter
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3.2.4 Video Noise
Noise at top and bottom (if source is from VHS) – can be crop over safely
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4 User experience
Double click the icon to launch
(*no choice not to add it to your desktop during install, bad bad design)
(* in version 5.0, whether you click don’t bug me again or not, it doesn’t matter, it will come
back)
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4.1 8 Tabs
unconventional user interface
• no “standard” (Windows) menu bar
• cannot resize
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Start
Capture
Storyboard
Effect
Overlay
Title
Audio
Finish
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4.1.1 Start
click New Project button or use drop down arrow for menu
or
switch to NTSC DV AVI template
It is unclear whether Video Studio Field Order A is lower field or not. Supposedly, Ulead’s
higher end Media Studio uses the same terminology too.
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4.1.2 Capture
Most likely you will get this message unless you have a IEEE1394 card in your laptop and
connected to a camcorder. Simply click OK. We won’t need to capture any video in this
workshop. The instructor can do a demo.
4.1.2.1 VideoStudio 6.0 specific potential capture problems
New errors seen in Video Studio 6 under Windows 98SE and Windows XP under A21m & A30.
Not seen before in Version 4.0.x or 5.0.x. Mostly happen if you
• switch on/off scene detection
• switch on/off capture to library
• switch between DV(AVI) and MPEG capture
e.g.
•
•
•
Unexpected failure
Catastrophic failure
Capturing failed
Be warned, uninstall and reinstall does not solve the problem once it starts.
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(New XP 3D ! icon!!!)
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4.1.2.2 Additional Settings
4.1.2.3 Batch mode
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4.1.3 Storyboard
•
•
•
layout
trimming (F3 for mark-in and F4 for mark-out are your friends like in batch capture)
library manager for images, color chips/clips (useful for fade in/out to black/white)
(* SMPTE time code is a Drop-Frame time code [nothing to do with dropped frames during
capture.])
0;00;59;29 -> 0;01;00;02 (every minute, except every 10th minutes)
because of 29.97 fps. In 30 fps NDF, every hour get 1:00:03:18
4.1.3.1 Preview
choose between Instant Preview or High Quality Preview (requires rendering, can be a long time
and takes up space. Use Preview Files Manager to clean those files up)
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Use Shift-Play for just the selection (red bar on time ruler)
Use SE arrow (enlarge) to get bigger preview
Use speaker icon for volume
Use zoom to button for timeline control
4.1.3.2 Video Studio 6.0 specific potential Trimmed Video problems
Be careful of using “Save Trimmed Video”, especially MPEG-2 files (potentially AVI DV files
also). Windows media player 8.0 and TMPGenc 2.5.4 may not play trimmed files.
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4.1.3.3 Filter tab
Maximum 5 filters per clip
Options (apply to first or last frame only)
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4.1.3.4 Export Options
DVD Wizard – topics of next class
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4.1.4 Effect
How many effects in one video is too much?
Few don’t use any but one of the fades (under F/X group), Crossfade probably is most commn
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4.1.5 Overlay
4.1.6 Title
with 2nd animation option tab and library of presets
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4.1.6.1 Safe Zones
inner 90% action-safe
inner 80% title-safe
for TV overscan
4.1.7 Audio
with 2nd Music tab
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(* A30 does not have a built-in microphone as the A21 and A20 [and all the previous one we had
before), you need to add an external one if you want to use narration feature)
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4.1.8 Finish
Uncheck the play after creation, we will view the files in external viewer instead.
(* Export doesn’t work in finish for some reason, use it in storyboard step)
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5 References
Ulead Video Studio
http://www.ulead.com/vs/
Misc. IEEE1394/Firewire gear (card, hard drives)
http://www.adstech.com/
http://www.orangemicro.com/
http://www.adaptec.com/
http://www.westerndigital.com/
http://www.maxtor.com/
Adobe Digital Video products
http://www.adobe.com/motion/
Interlace, progressive, field dominance, upper/lower, A/B, 1/2, odd/even mess
http://www.adobe.com/support/techguides/premiere/prmr_interlace/main.html
Alternate MPEG encoder - TMPGenc
http://www.tmpgenc.net/e_main.html
http://www.pegasys-inc.com/e_main.html (Plus version with MPEG-2 $48)
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