Instruction Manual PL-507
33455070
Rev. 2.5
January 2001
HYDRORANGER PLUS
HYDRORANGER PLUS
Safety Guidelines
Warning notices must be observed to ensure personal safety as well as that of others, and to
protect the product and the connected equipment. These warning notices are accompanied
by a clarification of the level of caution to be observed.
Qualified Personnel
This device/system may only be set up and operated in conjunction with this manual.
Qualified personnel are only authorized to install and operate this equipment in accordance
with established safety practices and standards.
Warning: This product can only function properly and safely if it is correctly transported,
stored, installed, set up, operated, and maintained.
Note: Always use product in accordance with specifications.
Copyright Siemens Milltronics Process
Instruments Inc. 2000. All Rights Reserved
Disclaimer of Liability
This document is available in bound version and in
electronic version. We encourage users to
purchase authorized bound manuals, or to view
electronic versions as designed and authored by
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc. will
not be responsible for the contents of partial or
whole reproductions of either bound or electronic
versions.
While we have verified the contents of
this manual for agreement with the
instrumentation described, variations
remain possible. Thus we cannot
guarantee full agreement. The
contents of this manual are regularly
reviewed and corrections are included
in subsequent editions. We welcome
all suggestions for improvement.
Technical data subject to change.
MILLTRONICS®is a registered trademark of Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
Contact SMPI Technical Publications at the following address:
Technical Publications
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
1954 Technology Drive, P.O. Box 4225
Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, K9J 7B1
Email: techpubs@milltronics.com
For the library of SMPI instruction manuals, visit our Web site: www.milltronics.com
© Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc. 2001
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE
PAGE #
INTRODUCTION
About this Manual
About the HydroRanger Plus
Important HydroRanger Plus Features
5
6
8
INSTALLATION
Environmental
Outline
Mounting
Programmer
ComVerter
Interconnection
9
9
11
17
17
18
PROGRAMMING
Program Mode Entry
Display
Keypad
Parameter Value Alteration
Special Parameters
Parameter Reset Features
Programming Security
27
28
29
31
31
31
32
OPERATION
Run Mode Entry
Display
Keypad
System Performance Evaluation
Performance Test Results
Maintaining Operation
33
34
35
36
37
38
APPLICATIONS
General Application
Wet Well Control (Pump Down)
Reservoir Control (Pump Up)
Rake Control (Differential Level)
Penstock Control
General Alarms
OCM (Open Channel Monitor)
Volume Calculation
Pumped Volume Total
Failsafe Operation
Application Assistance
39
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
3
TITLE
PAGE #
Security
Quick Start
Volume
Reading
Failsafe
Relays
mA Output
mA Input
Data Logging
OCM
Totalizer
Range Calibration
Temperature Compensation
Rate
Measurement Verification
Scanning
Display
Echo Processing
Advanced Echo Processing
Test
Measurement
Master Reset
61
62
65
67
69
71
89
94
95
105
119
122
124
126
128
130
131
133
136
144
146
148
PARAMETERS
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
Transmit Pulse
Echo Processing
Scope Displays
Distance Calculation
Sound Velocity
Scanning
Volume Calculation
Flow Calculation
Measurement Response
Relay Set Up
Maintenance
149
149
149
150
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
TROUBLESHOOTING
Troubleshooting Chart
Measurement Difficulties
157
158
SPECIFICATIONS
HydroRanger Plus
Programmer
Options
161
163
163
PROGRAMMING CHART
165
4
INTRODUCTION
This instruction manual provides information specific to the Milltronics HydroRanger
Plus (HYDRO+) level monitor*. Other products (including transducers) associated with
a HYDRO+ based level monitoring system, are supplied with individual instructions.
All general start up information is included in the white pages. Refer to the grey pages
for additional information or technical assistance, if required.
INSTALLATION first
After reading this INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION and completing the physical INSTALLATION,
time system installers may wish to use the HYDRORANGER PLUS Quick Start
Guide, PL-439 for step by step start up instructions.
INTRODUCTION
briefly describes key features.
INSTALLATION
step by step mounting and wiring procedure.
PROGRAMMING
program mode LCD and keypad functions.
OPERATION
run mode LCD and keypad functions.
APPLICATIONS
10 brief examples of common HYDRO+ uses.
PARAMETERS
specific programmable feature definitions.
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
detailed information for complex features.
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
quick problem solving techniques.
SPECIFICATIONS
lists physical and operational characteristics.
PROGRAMMING CHART
space to record all programming for future
reference. (Also used as a Parameter index).
REMEMBER!
"Programming is not complete until the Programming Charts are completed".
*
This manual applies to the wall, rack, and panel mount HYDRO+ versions.
For simplicity, the rack mount version is illustrated only
where necessary to identify version differences.
Throughout this manual (unless stated otherwise) "level" refers to the
relative position of a monitored liquid surface.
PL-507
5
INTRODUCTION
ABOUT THIS MANUAL
ABOUT THE HYDRORANGER PLUS
The HydroRanger Plus is to be used only in the
manner outlined in the instruction manual.
The HYDRO+ includes the features of the successful Milltronics "HydroRanger 1"
PLUS a variety of new features, incorporating advances in electronic component,
manufacturing, and software technology.
This multi-purpose microprocessor based level monitor contains numerous features
ideally suited for liquid monitoring and pump control applications.
Reservoir
Open Channel
HYDRO +
%
1
2
3
4
5
Wet Well
Screen Rake
A HYDRO+ level monitor, utilizing a single ultrasonic transducer (ordered separately),
accurately monitors level without contacting the surface monitored.
The HYDRO+ provides the transmit pulse to the transducer. The transducer emits
ultrasonic pulses in a narrow beam, perpendicular from the transducer face. The
HYDRO+ measures the time between pulse emission and reflection (echo) reception,
to calculate the transducer face to monitored surface distance.
The transducer internal temperature sensor is used to automatically compensate
for sound velocity variations due to air temperature changes within the
measurement range.
PL-507
6
The HYDRO+ monitors levels 0.3 to 15 m (1 to 50 ft) from the transducer face, with
outstanding accuracy, usually within 0.25% of range. (Ensure the transducer selected
suits the material and measurement range monitored).
The HYDRO+ provides the following LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) Readings:
» Level, space, distance, volume, or remaining capacity in open or closed vessels.
» Differential level across a channel filter or screen (2 transducers required).
» Average level in a large vessel with an uneven material surface (2 transducers).
» Head, flow, or totalized flow in free flowing open channels.
» Pumped volume from wet wells or into reservoirs.
The HYDRO+ relays and/or mA output may be used as preset (or programmed as
desired) to activate alarms, pump controls, chart recorders, or virtually any process
control equipment.
Chart
Recorder
Alarm
HYDRO +
Pump
PLC
%
1
2
3
4
5
The HYDRO+ infrared interface permits one programmer to be used for any number
of HYDRO+ level monitors. Upon programming completion, the programmer may be
locked away for programming security. All Operator programming is stored in
non-volatile memory, unaffected by power interruption.
While the HYDRO+ is typically used to monitor liquid level, any process which
requires a distance measurement or object presence/lack of presence (within the
system maximum measurement range) is a candidate for HYDRO+ application.
Refer to APPLICATIONS for detailed descriptions of a small sample of process
measurement requirements to which the HYDRO+ may be applied.
PL-507
7
INTRODUCTION
This versatility is accomplished by Milltronics patented Sonic Intelligence TM, providing
high measurement reliability, regardless of operating conditions.
IMPORTANT HYDRORANGER PLUS FEATURES
FIXED FEATURES
ENCLOSURE:
Chemical resistant, light weight, dust/liquid tight.
LCD:
Large digits and symbols for Readings and continuous
operating condition indication.
HAND PROGRAMMER:
20 tactile feedback keys, (ordered separately).
DOLPHIN COMPATIBLE:
HYDRO+ / RS 232C interface, (ordered separately).
COMMUNICATIONS:
Non-invasive infra-red digital data transfer.
SPEED:
16/32 bit microprocessor at 16.7 MHz clock speed.
RELIABILITY:
Sonic Intelligence TM
Surface Mount Technology (SMT)
Immune to power interruptions. All programming is retained
indefinitely. Operating data is retained for 30 seconds min;
updated promptly upon resumption.
PROGRAMMABLE FEATURES
Typically, a very small percentage of the HYDRO+ operator programmable features
require alteration from default settings. However, for demanding measurement
requirements any number of features may be adjusted as required.
Following is a list of the features that make the HYDRO+ easy to program, yet
versatile enough to handle complex level measurement requirements.
GENERAL FEATURES
DIRECT ACCESS:
Any operator programmable feature may be accessed directly.
SCROLL ACCESS:
Scroll forward or backward to key programmable features.
OPERATION:
7 modes of operation to suit specific requirements.
MATERIAL:
Preset for optimum performance on all liquid surfaces.
RESPONSE:
Slow, medium, or fast response to level changes.
UNITS:
Readings in m, cm, mm, ft, in, %, (or any other units desired).
ADDITIONAL FEATURES (use as desired)
VOLUME:
8 pre-programmed tank shape options
2 universal tank shape programming methods
FLOW:
Open channel flowrate and total, 5 pre-programmed flumes.
PUMPED TOTAL:
Total volume pumped including/excluding inflow/discharge.
DATA LOGS:
Time and Date of important operational events.
FAIL-SAFE:
Automatic process control equipment activation.
RELAYS:
6 alarm functions, 7 pump functions, 5 control functions,
storm condition and energy saving pump function modifiers.
mA OUTPUT:
7 functions, range selectable and scalable, overrange limits.
mA INPUT:
HYDRO+ features based on any level monitor mA output.
PL-507
8
INSTALLATION
Installation shall only be performed by qualified personnel,
and in accordance with local governing regulations.
ENVIRONMENTAL
Choose a mounting location suited to the HYDRO+ enclosure.
The ideal HYDRO+ mounting location is where the:
1. Ambient temperature is always within -20 to 50°C (-5 to 122°F).
2. HYDRO+ display window is at eye level.
INSTALLATION
3. Cable length requirements are minimal.
4. Mounting surface is free from vibration.
Avoid mounting locations where the HYDRO+ is:
» exposed to direct sunlight, (otherwise, provide a sun shield).
» close to high voltage/current runs, contactors, SCR control drives, or
frequency inverters.
This product is susceptible to electrostatic shock.
Follow proper grounding procedures.
OUTLINE
WALL MOUNT
195 mm
(7.7")
13 mm (0.5")
20 mm (0.8")
77 mm
(3.0")
168 mm
(6.6")
102 mm
(4")
180 mm
(7.1")
Suitable location for conduit entrances. Use water
tight conduit hubs to maintain the enclosure rating.
mounting holes,
4.5 mm (0.18") Ø,
4 places
Non metallic enclosure does not provide grounding between conduit
connections. Use grounding type bushings and jumpers.
PL-507
9
RACK MOUNT
The HYDRO+ rack mount version is a standard DIN 3U/14 HP, 4 rail plug-in unit, for a
standard 84 HP deep sub-rack.
PANEL MOUNT
72 mm
(2.9")
16 mm
(0.6")
201 mm
(7.9")
144 mm
(5.7")
150 mm
(5.9")
slip on mounting bracket top & bottom
screws to be tightened to no more than
1 inch / lb. torque.
PL-507
10
07/06/1999
MOUNTING
WALL MOUNT
Voltage Selection
display
scope
connection
clock module
EPROM
board A
Supply
Voltage
(ac)
Voltage
Selection
Switches
INSTALLATION
terminal block
All field wiring must have insulation suitable for at least 250 V .
Hazardous voltage present on transducer terminals during operation.
dc terminals shall be supplied from an SELV source
in accordance with IEC 1010-1 Annex H.
Relay contact terminals are for use with equipment having no accessible
live parts and wiring having insulation suitable for at least 250 V.
The maximum allowable working voltage between
adjacent relay contacts shall be 250 V.
PL-507
11
Installation
The HYDRO+ wall mount version enclosure design permits quick electronic package
removal for enclosure drilling and mounting.
1.
Remove the HYDRO+ enclosure lid (4 captivated screws).
2.
With the enclosure upright, press down enclosure TABS A and B.
3.
Push in on TABS C and D to release the electronics package.
4.
Drill sufficient holes for cable / conduit entry in the enclosure bottom.
5.
Fasten the enclosure to the mounting surface, (4 predrilled screw holes).
6.
Attach the conduit / cable hubs to the enclosure. (Do not apply undue force.)
7.
Snap the electronics package back into the enclosure.
PL-507
12
RACK MOUNT
Voltage Selection
1.
Set the voltage switches.
Supply
Voltage
(ac)
INSTALLATION
scope
connections
EPROM
clock module
voltage
selection
switches
PL-507
13
Voltage
Selection
Switches
Installation
1.
Slide the Hydro+ into the sub-rack, aligning the connector with the
rail mounted terminal block.
connector,
2 row form D male 32 way, per DIN41612
terminal block,
2 row form D female 32 way,
per DIN41612
All field wiring must have insulation
suitable for at least 250 V .
Hazardous voltage present on transducer
terminals during operation.
dc terminals shall be supplied
from an SELV sourcein
accordance with IEC 1010-1
Annex H.
84 HP (19") sub-rack
HYDRO+
DIN 3U/14 HP
plug-in unit
blanking panels must
cover any unused slots
2.
Push the Hydro+ into the sub-rack until the HYDRO+ front
cover is snug to the front rails.
3.
Tighten the 4 captivated screws to secure the HYDRO+ in place.
PL-507
14
PANEL MOUNT
Voltage Selection
1.
Set the voltage switches.
EPROM
Voltage
Selection
Switches
clock module
INSTALLATION
scope
connections
Supply
Voltage
(ac)
voltage
selection
switches
Installation
1.
Slide the HYDRO+ through the panel cut-out.
2.
Assemble mounting brackets to the HYDRO+ chassis by hooking them into
the top and bottom
mounting bracket
(top & bottom)
cut-out dimension
68 + 0.7 mm x 138 + 1.0 mm
(2.68 + 0.03" x 5.43 + 0.04")
DIN 43700
72 x 144
PL-507
15
07/06/1999
3.
Tighten mounting bracket clamping screw (top & bottom)
4.
Plug terminal blocks ‘A’ and ‘C’ into corresponding connector sockets,
prewired by customer (refer to INTERCONNECTION \ Rack and Panel Mount).
clamping screw
connector
terminal block ‘A’
terminal block ‘C’
All field wiring must have insulation
suitable for at least 250 V .
Hazardous voltage present on transducer
terminals during operation.
dc terminals shall be supplied
from an SELV source in
accordance with IEC 1010-1
Annex H.
Use the tool provided
to open terminals for
insertion of wires.
PL-507
16
07/06/1999
PROGRAMMER
Wall Mount
Rack or Panel Mount
INSTALLATION
Programmer
The hand held programmer is aimed at the receiver as depicted, while the
keys are pressed.
COMVERTER (optional)
Wall Mount
Rack or Panel Mount
ComVerter
The ComVerter is pressed into the docking area as depicted and held in place
by its pressure tabs.
Refer to Dolphin instruction manual, for interconnection details.
PL-507
17
INTERCONNECTION
Verify all HYDRO+ system components have been installed in accordance with the
associated product instruction manuals.
Connect all cable shields to the HYDRO+ shield connections. To avoid differential
ground potentials, do not connect cable shields to ground (earth) elsewhere. Insulate
(tape) cable shields at all shield junctions to prevent ground loops
SYSTEM DIAGRAM
Milltronics transducer,
see Specifications
HydroRanger
Plus
Milltronics TS-3
temperature sensor
(optional)
mA output
customer
device
relay output
customer alarm, pump
or control device
mA input
customer
device
PL-507
18
TRANSDUCER
Run the transducer cable in grounded metal conduit, separate from other wiring,
(except TS-3 temperature sensor wiring, if applicable).
Typically, one transducer is used. However, if differential or average level monitoring
is required, 2 transducers are used.
Wall Mount
Dual Transducer
Single Transducer
INSTALLATION
See transducer
instructions for
wiring details.
#1
#2
to transducers
to transducer
Rack or Panel Mount
Single Transducer
Dual Transducer
jumper
to
transducer
blk
to
transducer
#1
wht
blk
to
transducer
#2
blk
wht
Hazardous voltage present on transducer terminals during operation.
PL-507
19
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
All Milltronics Echomax and ST-H transducers have an internal temperature sensor.
For optimum accuracy, use a separate TS-3 temperature sensor if:
» the transducer is exposed to direct sunlight (or other radiant heat source),
» the transducer connected is not an Echomax or ST-H, or
» the transducer face and monitored surface temperature differs.
» faster response to temperature changes are required.
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
REFERENCE Sound Velocity).
(See TECHNICAL
Wall Mount
Rack or Panel Mount
blk
wht
to optional TS-3
to optional TS-3
See TS-3 instructions for wiring detail.
Use a TS-3 temperature sensor only. Don’t jumper unused TS-3 terminals.
PL-507
20
RELAYS
Connect, alarm, pump, and/or control devices, to the HYDRO+ relays, after RUN
mode operation is verified. (See APPLICATIONS for connection details).
Wall Mount
INSTALLATION
Rack or Panel Mount
com
relay 5
n. c.
com
n. o.
n. c.
relay 2
n. o.
relay 4
com
com
n. c.
n. c.
n. o.
n. o.
relay 1
com
relay 3
n. c.
n. o.
See SPECIFICATIONS for relay ratings.
Relays are shown in the alarm on / pump off / power off / de-energized position.
PL-507
21
mA OUTPUT
The HYDRO+ mA output may be used to operate a variety of control/monitoring
devices (1000 Ω max. load), providing 300 Vac continuous isolation.
Wall Mount
Rack or Panel Mount
mA out
mA out
mA output to customer instrumentation, ground shield at one end only.
mA INPUT
If HYDRO+ features are required based upon measurements obtained from another
level monitor, connect the level monitor mA output, to the HYDRO+ mA input
terminals. Most HYDRO+ display, relay and mA output features may be used based
upon the measurements provided by the auxiliary level monitor.
If this feature is used, refer to PARAMETERS Transducer (P004) and mA Input
Parameters (P250, P251, and P252).
Wall Mount
Rack or Panel Mount
mA input
mA input
mA input proportional to level, ground shield at one end only.
PL-507
22
LEVEL SYSTEM SYNCHRONIZATION
When multiple ultrasonic level monitors are installed within a single plant/facility,
ensure the transducer cable(s) of each system are run in separate grounded metal
conduits. Otherwise, synchronize the level monitors.
When level monitors are synchronized, no unit can transmit while another is awaiting
echo reception.
To synchronize the HYDRO+ with a DPL+, XPL+, and/or another HYDRO+...
1.
Mount the level monitors together in one cabinet.
2.
Use a common power (mains) supply and ground (earth) for all units.
3.
Interconnect the SYNC terminals of all level monitors.
INSTALLATION
Wall Mount
HYDRO +
#1
HYDRO +
#2
to next
device
Rack or Panel Mount
to next
device
HYDRO +
#1
HYDRO +
#2
To synchronize the HYDRO+ with other Milltronics
ultrasonic level monitors contact Milltronics
or your local distributor.
PL-507
23
POWER
The HYDRO+ uses 100, 115, 200, or 230 Vac or 9 to 30 Vdc power. If ac and dc
power are supplied, the HYDRO+ draws power from the ac supply. In the event of an
ac power interruption, the dc supply is used until ac power is restored.
IMPORTANT!
Before applying ac power (mains), ensure the correct voltage is selected!
Never operate the HYDRO+ with the enclosure lid open,
or with the ground (earth) wire disconnected!
Before applying power to the HYDRO+ for the first time,
ensure any connected alarm/control equipment is disabled
until satisfactory system operation and performance is verified!
AC SUPPLY WIRING
Wall Mount
Rack or Panel Mount
to ac supply
to ac supply
Set voltage selection switches per INSTALLATION Mounting instructions.
PL-507
24
DC SUPPLY WIRING
Wall Mount
Rack or Panel Mount
to dc supply
Customer voltage supply 9 to 30 V dc.
Negative dc input (A12) is tied to earth (A14).
The equipment must be protected by a 15 A fuse or circuit
breaker in the building installation.
A circuit breaker or switch in the building installation, marked
as the disconnect switch, shall be in close proximity to the
equipment and within easy reach of the operator.
PL-507
25
INSTALLATION
to dc supply
PL-507
26
PROGRAMMING
Those not previously familiar with the HYDRO+, may wish to use the step by step
initial start up procedure illustrated in the HYDRORANGER PLUS QUICK START
GUIDE provided. Then, reference to the remainder of this instruction manual is only
necessary if operation modification is required.
All programmable features are identified by a Parameter Number, which has a preset
Parameter Value. Programming is accomplished by altering the Parameter Value of
specific Parameter Numbers to obtain the RUN mode operation desired.
When applicable, the Point Number to be affected, must be identified before the
Parameter Value is altered.
See APPLICATIONS
APPLICATIONS for common HYDRO+ programming requirements. If more
detailed parameter information is required, see PARAMETERS
PARAMETERS .
To enable the programmer
interface of the HYDRO+
rack or panel mount version,
press the
key on the
front panel.
PROGRAMMING
Program enable is confirmed
by the
icon appearing in
the display. To disable
programming, press
again.
Program disable is confirmed by
absence of the
icon in the
display. Disable all nearby units
to avoid inadvertent programming.
PROGRAM MODE ENTRY
Upon power application, RUN mode operation begins. To enter the program mode,
hold the programmer within 0.3 m (1 ft) of the
display window and,
When the program mode is entered, all operating data is retained in memory.
Alarm relay status and mA output values are "held" at "last known" values and
control relays are de-energized (unless affected by a parameter alteration
or
is pressed), until the RUN mode is re-entered. The RUN mode is
automatically re-entered if the HYDRO+ is left unattended in the program
mode for an extended period (approximately 5 minutes).
PL-507
27
DISPLAY
In the program mode, the Parameter Number, Parameter Value (and Point Number if
applicable) may be viewed (as well as numerous other programming indicators).
Note that some indicators are specific to certain programming conditions and
therefore, all indicators are not displayed at any given time.
e.g. The Transducer Point Number is only displayed when Differential or Average
level monitoring is selected, (requiring programming for 2 transducers).
wall mount
rack or panel mount
a)
Parameter Number (programmable feature accessed).
b)
Parameter Value (setting for the Parameter Number displayed).
c)
Point Type:
transducer
relay
temperature
index
analog output
d)
Point Number (of the Point Type accessed).
e)
Units (the Parameter Value is displayed in: m, cm, mm, ft, in, or %).
f)
Relay Number (programmed for RUN mode operation).
g)
Invalid Entry (the Parameter Value is questionable, are you sure?).
h)
Auxiliary Function (of the Parameter Number is accessed).
i)
Scroll Access Tag (the Parameter Number may be scroll accessed,
j)
Program Mode On (is accessed, operation has ceased).
or
).
Wall Mount: Program Mode accessed.
Rack or Panel Mount: Programmer interface enabled / Program Mode accessed.
PL-507
28
KEYPAD
These instructions are for hand programmer (keypad) use. Use the instructions
provided with the DOLPHIN interface package, if applicable.
Aim the HYDRO+ programmer infra-red transmitter at the HYDRO+ display within 0.3
m (12") of the display window. In the program mode, use the HYDRO+ programmer
keys to perform the following identified functions.
Numeric
Value
Keys
PROGRAMMING
Function
Keys
KEY
to
NUMERIC ENTRIES
input a numeric value into the display field accessed.
input a decimal point (moves TVT Pointers left).
input a negative value (moves TVT Pointers right).
FUNCTION
shift access to another display field.
delete the current field value (initiate a parameter reset).
store the field values in memory (complete a parameter reset).
switch to % or Units (access Auxiliary Parameter Function).
increase the current field value.
decrease the current field value.
fire the transducer to take an ultrasonic measurement.
enter the RUN mode.
PL-507
29
98/03/19
PARAMETER VALUE ALTERATION
In the program mode...
1.
to underline the Parameter Number display field and...
a)
b)
key in the desired Parameter Number, (direct access) or...
or
as required (scroll access).
(As preset, only Quick Start and altered parameters may be scroll accessed).
2. If the Point Number field is not displayed, proceed to step 3. Otherwise...
to underline the Point Number display field and...
a)
b)
key in the desired Point Number, (direct access) or...
or
as required, (scroll access).
To alter all Point Numbers at once, select Point Number 00.
3. With the Parameter Number (and Point Number if applicable) displayed...
key in the desired Parameter Value and,
Record Parameter Value alterations on the appropriate
PROGRAMMING
CHA
PROGRAMMING
CHARTS
If Parameter Value alteration is not permitted, access the Lock parameter (P000)
and enter the security code, (see Programming Security).
PL-507
30
SPECIAL PARAMETERS
Some Parameter Values are for display purposes only and cannot be operator
altered. These are referred to as view only parameters.
PARAMETERS section of this instruction manual, View Only parameters are
In the PARAMETERS
identified by a "(V)" beside the Parameter Number.
Many Parameter Values must be common for all Point Numbers. These are referred
to as global parameters.
When a global parameter is accessed, the Point Number display automatically
disappears. When a non-global parameter is accessed, the Point Number previously
selected is displayed.
In the parameters sections of this manual, Global parameters are identified by a "(G)"
beside the Parameter Number.
PARAMETER RESET FEATURES
To return an operator adjusted Parameter Value to the preset value, with the
appropriate Parameter Number (and Point Number if applicable) displayed...
Perform a Master Reset (P999) to preset all parameters to "original"
values before initial system installation, following an EPROM
replacement, or whenever complete reprogramming is required.
PL-507
31
PROGRAMMING
To reset all parameters to preset values, see PARAMETERS Master Reset (P999).
PROGRAMMING SECURITY
All operator programming is retained in non-volatile memory, immune to power
interruptions. When programming is complete, the programmer may be locked away
to prevent inadvertent programming alteration. As well, the Lock (P000) parameter
may be used.
PL-507
32
OPERATION
With parameter alteration complete, the HYDRO+ may be put into operation.
Once put into operation (the RUN mode is entered), the HYDRO+ continues to
operate unattended, indefinitely. However, numerous RUN mode features are
available for aquiring specific operating information without removing the HYDRO+
from service.
RUN MODE ENTRY
The HYDRO+ automatically starts up in the RUN mode when power is applied.
After a programming alteration, do not use the HYDRO+ to
operate alarms or controls until system programming and
performance is verified.
To enter the RUN mode from the Program mode...
"----" is displayed briefly while the Reading is calculated and verified.
When complete, the Reading and other data is displayed; the mA output
value and relay status are immediately updated accordingly.
(During "differential" or "average" Operation (P001 = 4 or 5), the display scrolls
sequentially through Point Numbers 1, 2, and 3. Point Number 3 represents the
difference between or average of Point Numbers 1 and 2).
If the HYDRO+ is left unattended in the Program mode
for more than 5 minutes, the RUN mode
is automatically entered.
OPERATION
PL-507
33
DISPLAY
In the RUN mode, the following values and indicators may be observed.
Note that many indicators are specific to certain operating conditions and
therefore, all indicators are not displayed at any given time.
wall mount
rack or panel mount
1.
the current display pertains to a Transducer measurement.
2.
Transducer Number 1, 2, or Result 3 (DPD or DPA operation only).
3.
Reading resulting from Operation selected, (error message).
4.
the Reading is in m, cm, mm, ft, in or %.
5.
▲ = HI alarm,
▲
▲ = HI HI alarm.
6.
Bar graph representation of level from 0 to 100% (absolute).
7.
monitored surface is rising (nearer transducer).
8.
monitored surface is falling (farther from transducer).
▼
▼ = LO LO alarm.
9.
▼ = LO alarm,
10.
¡ = Relay # programmed.
11.
l = pump, control, or alarm on.
¡
12. Auxiliary Reading (see Keypad for selection).
13.
= Normal operation.
14.
= Failsafe operation.
15. programmer interface enable
PL-507
(rack or panel mount only)
34
KEYPAD
In the RUN mode, the following programmer keys perform the identified functions.
Auxiliary Reading Keys
Function Keys
KEY
READING
"8 Digit Totalizer" ("OCM" or "PT" Operation, P001 = 6 or 7)
AUXILIARY READINGS
"Pump Running Time" (key in Pump Number, hold for Starts)
"Head" (OCM Operation, P001 = 6)
"Flow based on Head" (OCM Operation, P001 = 6)
"mA Output Value"
"Temperature" (air in °C)
"Rate of Change" (in Units/minute)
"Failsafe Time Left" (in percent)
"Date" (MM:DD, of the current year)
"Parameter Value" (key in Parameter Number)
"Material Level" (may be altered via P731)
"Distance" (surface to transducer face)
FUNCTION
initiate program mode access (see
)
toggle between Units and % (complete program mode access)
stop/start the Point Number auto display scroll
select the next Point Number (stop the display scroll)
select the previous Point Number (stop the display scroll)
PL-507
35
OPERATION
"Time" (HH:MM, 24 hour format)
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
1.
to enter the RUN mode.
If a pump or control is ON, the corresponding relay is energized. If an alarm is ON, the
relay is de-energized.
2.
3.
to display the Reading in % (percent of Span, P007).
OPERATION
LEVEL
SPACE or DISTANCE1
Empty to Full =
0 to 100%
100 to 0%
to observe the current mA output value (Auxiliary Reading).
OPERATION
LEVEL
SPACE or DISTANCE1
Empty to Full =
4-20 mA
20-4 mA
4.
and then
or
to observe accumulated
pump running hours2 for pumps 1 to 5 respectively.
5.
and hold the
or
key (for 5 seconds) to
observe the number of accumulated pump starts2 for
pump 1 to 5 respectively.
6.
to observe the Failsafe Time Left (in %) to failsafe activation.
When the Reading is updated, this value (Auxiliary Reading) resets to
100 and begins to decrease until the next valid measurement is made.
If the Failsafe Time Left reaches 0, "LOE" flashes in the Reading display.
1
less than 0.3m (1 ft) cannot be reliably measured; a 0% Reading or 4 mA
cannot be achieved during "distance" Operation.
2
if the associated relay is programmed for a pump control function.
PL-507
36
PERFORMANCE TEST RESULTS
Monitor system performance carefully, under all anticipated operating conditions.
A.
When the HYDRO+ performs exactly as required, programming is complete.
B.
If alternate Reading units, failsafe action, relay, or mA output operation is
APPLICATIONS and/or PARAMETERS
desired, proceed to APPLICATIONS
PARAMETERS as required.
C.
Should system performance not meet installation requirements, (or the "LOE"
TROUBLESHOOTING .
display persists after start up), proceed to TROUBLESHOOTING
If all operating conditions cannot be observed during the System Performance
Evaluation, refer to PARAMETERS
PARAMETERS Reading Measurement (P920). Perform a
Reading Measurement simulation to verify programming.
Conduct a System Performance Evaluation following any installation modification or
programming (parameter) alteration.
OPERATION
PL-507
37
MAINTAINING OPERATION
With programming complete, record all parameter alterations.
a)
If the keypad programmer is used, enter the program mode and scroll
access altered parameters (skipping parameters left at preset values).
Record parameter alterations on the PROGRAMMING
CHARTS.
PROGRAMMING CHARTS
b)
If the DOLPHIN interface package is used, refer to the associated
instructions to record all operator programming.
For normal operation, return to the RUN mode. The HYDRO+ will perform reliably,
requiring little or no maintenance.
Connect (or enable) process control/alarm equipment to the
HYDRO+ only after satisfactory performance is verified for
all possible operating conditions.
PL-507
38
APPLICATIONS
The following examples illustrate how easily the HYDRO+ may be programmed to
meet specific application requirements.
While your installation may not match these examples exactly, by reviewing the
closest example (or combination of examples), the relationship between HYDRO+
features and your process measurement requirements may be more easily identified.
In every case, refer to General Application. This example defines the minimum
programming required for any application. Then refer to the applicable "add on"
examples for programming information specific to your application.
If additional parameter detail is required, (than provided in these examples), see
PARAMETERS for complete parameter definitions.
PARAMETERS
Ensure all alarms and controls are disabled until all application programming is
complete and satisfactory RUN mode performance is verified.
1.
General Application (common programming to all applications).
2.
Wet Well Control add on (combine with example 1).
3.
Reservoir Control add on (combine with example 1).
4.
Screen Rake Control add on (combine with example 1).
5.
Penstock Control add on (combine with example 1).
6.
General Alarm add on (combine with example 1).
7.
Volume Calculation add on (combine with example 2 or 3).
8.
Pumped Volume Calculation add on (combine with example 2 or 3 and 7).
9.
OCM Flow Calculation add on (combine with example 1).
10. Failsafe Operation add on (combine with example 1 to 5).
APPLICATIONS
PL-507
39
GENERAL APPLICATION
PARAMETER
PRESET
OPERATION
P001 Operation
3 = distance
display Reading referenced to transducer face
P002 Material
1 = liquid
anticipates echoes from a flat reflective surface
P003 Response
2 = 1 m/min
typical liquid surface rate of change
P004 Transducer
100 = ST-H
compensates for temperature variation
P005 Units
1 = metres
displays all linear dimensions in metres
P006 Empty
8.000
0% level bar graph reference point.
P007 Span
8.000
100% level bar graph reference point.
P008 Date
YY.MM.DD
automatic leap year adjustment
P009 Time
HH.MM.SS
24 hour format
If power is applied before any programming is performed, the HYDRO+ starts running,
using the parameter preset values. As long as the transducer connected has an
internal temperature sensor and a maximum range of 15 m (50 ft) or less, the preset
Transducer (P004) value is suitable for operator orientation with HYDRO+ operation.
If "Error" and the transducer terminal numbers are displayed, the transducer does not
have an internal temperature sensor. See Transducer (P004) options.
The HYDRO+ operates like an ultrasonic tape measure, displaying distance from the
transducer face to the surface monitored.
PL-507
40
PARAMETER VALUE OPTIONS
Operation
(P001) =
1 = "level", Full = 100% Reading = 20 mA (most common)
2 = "space", Empty = 100% Reading = 20 mA (less common)
3 = "distance", (references measurements to transducer face)
4 = "DPD", (displays differential level, 2 transducers required)
5 = "DPA", (displays average level, 2 transducers required)
6 = "OCM", (calculates flowrate for head and total flow volume)
7 = "PT", (calculates total pumped volume)
Material
(P002) =
1 = "liquid", flat perpendicular reflective surface (most common)
2 = "solid", angled rough reflective surface (for heaping solids)
Measurement 1 = "0.1 m/min", very slow moving surface (less common)
Response
2 = "1.0 m/min", typical liquid surface (usual setting)
(P003) =
3 = "10 m/min", very fast moving surface (less common)
Transducer
(P004)
Units
(P005) =
0 = "out-of-service"
1 = "ST-25"
2 = "ST-50"
100 = "ST-H"
101 = "XCT-8"
102 = "XPS-10"
103 = "XCT-12"
104 = "XPS-15"
111= "XKS-6"
112= "XRS-5"
250 = "mA input"
Enter the appropriate transducer type
1 = "metres"
2 = "centimetres"
3 = "millimetres"
4 = "feet"
5 = "inches"
Enter the linear dimension units desired
Empty
(P006) =
"0.000" to "9999"
Enter value in P005 Units
Span
(P007) =
"0.000" to "9999"
Preset by P006, change if desired.
Date
(P008) =
"00:01:01" to "99:12:31"
(use
to key in ":".
PL-507
41
APPLICATIONS
Time
(P009) =
"00:00:00" to "23:59:59"
With General Application programming complete, a System Performance Evaluation
OPERATION ) is recommended before proceeding to the following Application
(see OPERATION
programming examples.
WET WELL CONTROL (Pump Down)
Typically, wet wells are used to temporarily hold storm and/or waste water. When the
surface reaches a high level setpoint, the wet well is pumped down. The discharge
goes on to another wet well or directly to the treatment facility.
The HYDRO+ provides wet well control with only minimal application programming.
For the following example, we’ll assume Empty (P006) was set from the transducer
face to the wet well floor. (To monitor wet well overflow, see the note at the end of the
OCM Application example).
(If the transducer cannot be located to avoid acoustic beam interference from the
pumps, set Empty (P006) from the transducer face to the top of the pump(s).
FULL
HI Alarm On
HI Alarm Off
Start Pump 1
Start Pump 2
Pump Down,
2 Alternate
Assist Pumps
Stop Pumps
Lo Alarm Off
Lo Alarm On
EMPTY
RELAY INTERCONNECTION
The relay contact illustrations adjacent to the HYDRO+ relay terminals are shown in
the power off, de-energized, alarm on, pump off condition.
Connect the HYDRO+ relays as follows:
RL1 to Pump 1 control
(energized = pump on, de-energized = pump off)
RL2 to Pump 2 control
(energized = pump on, de-energized = pump off)
RL3 to Hi Alarm indicator
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL4 to Lo Alarm indicator
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL5 not used
PL-507
42
PROGRAMMING
Set Relay Set Up to "Wet Well 1" (P100=1) to preset relays as follows.
PARMETER
RL#1
RL#2
RL#3
RL#4
RL#5
52
52
1
1
0
P112 Relay A Setpoint
70%
80%
90%
10%
----
P113 Relay B Setpoint
20%
20%
85%
15%
----
P111 Relay Function
For one pump, set the RL#1 or RL#2 Relay Function to "off" (P111 = 0).
For 3 or more pumps (5 max.), choose the relay(s) to be used and program P111,
P112 and P113 similar to RL# 1 and RL# 2 (but stagger the P112 setpoints).
OPERATION
By level (as indicated on bar graph) for 2 pumps...
1. Pump controls are operated as "alternate duty assist" (P111 = 52):
NORMAL OPERATION
a)
Pump 1 (lead pump) starts at 70%.
b)
Pump 1 stops at 20%, shift setpoints (lead) to next pump.
PEAK DEMAND OPERATION
a)
Pump 1 (lead pump) starts at 70%.
b)
Pump 2 (next pump) starts at 80%.
c)
Pump 1 and 2 stop at 20%, shift lead to next pump.
2. Alarms indicate control/pump malfunction (or excessive/insufficient capacity).
a)
HI alarm "on" at 90%, off at 85%.
b)
LO alarm "on" at 10%, off at 15%.
c)
Both alarms "on" = HYDRO+ power interruption.
3. Use the 4-20 mA output if desired...
proportional to level if Operation = "level" (P001 = 1).
b)
inversely proportional to level if Operation = "space" (P001 = 2).
4. To view pump information in the RUN mode...
PL-507
a)
and then the pump # (to view the pump running hours total).
b)
and hold the pump # (to view the number of pump starts total)
43
APPLICATIONS
a)
RESERVOIR CONTROL (Pump Up)
Typically, reservoirs are used to temporarily hold processed water. When the water
surface reaches a low level setpoint, the reservoir is pumped up.
The HYDRO+ provides reservoir control with only minimal application programming.
For the following example, we’ll assume Empty (P006) was set from the transducer
face to the reservoir bottom.
FULL
HI Alarm On
HI Alarm Off
Stop Pumps
Start Pump 1
Start Pump 2
Lo Alarm Off
Lo Alarm On
Empty
RELAY INTERCONNECTION
The relay contact illustrations adjacent to the HYDRO+ relay terminals are shown in
the power off, de-energized, alarm on, pump off condition.
Connect the HYDRO+ relays as follows:
RL1 to Pump 1 control
(energized = pump on, de-energized = pump off)
RL2 to Pump 2 control
(energized = pump on, de-energized = pump off)
RL3 to Hi Alarm indicator
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL4 to Lo Alarm indicator
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL5 not used
PL-507
44
PROGRAMMING
Set Relay Set Up to "Reservoir 1" (P100=3) to preset relays as follows.
PARAMETER
RL#1
RL#2
RL#3
RL#4
RL#5
52
52
1
1
0
P112 Relay A Setpoint
30%
20%
90%
10%
----
P113 Relay B Setpoint
80%
80%
85%
15%
----
P111 Relay Function
For one pump, set the RL#1 or RL#2 Relay Function to "off" (P111 = 0).
For 3 or more pumps (5 max.), choose the relay(s) to be used and program P111,
P112 and P113 similar to RL# 1 and RL# 2 (but stagger the P112 setpoints).
OPERATION
By level (as indicated on bar graph) for 2 pumps...
1. Pump controls are operated as "alternate duty assist" (P111 = 52):
NORMAL OPERATION
a)
Pump 1 (lead pump) starts at 30%.
b)
Pump 1 stops at 80%, shift setpoints (lead) to next pump.
PEAK DEMAND OPERATION
a)
Pump 1 (lead pump) starts at 30%.
b)
Pump 2 (next pump) starts at 20%.
c)
Pump 1 and 2 stop at 80%, shift lead to next pump.
2. Alarms indicate control/pump malfunction (or excessive/insufficient capacity).
a)
HI alarm "on" at 90%, off at 85%.
b)
LO alarm "on" at 10%, off at 15%.
c)
Both alarms "on" = HYDRO+ power interruption
3. Use the 4-20 mA output if desired...
proportional to level if Operation = "level" (P001 = 1).
b)
inversely proportional to level if Operation = "space" (P001 = 2).
4. To view pump information in the RUN mode...
and then the pump # (to view the pump running hours total)
and hold the pump # (to view the number of pump starts total)
PL-507
45
APPLICATIONS
a)
RAKE CONTROL (Differential Level)
Typically a water purification process has a screen on the inlet side to filter solids from
entering the process. Should the screen become blocked, and inflow sufficiently
reduced, process efficiency can often be compromised.
The HYDRO+ provides screen rake control with only minimal application
programming. For the following example, we’ll assume Operation was set for
"differential" (P001 = 4) and Empty (P006) was set from the transducer face to the
channel bottom for both transducer 1 and transducer 2.
RAKE CONTROL
RELAY INTERCONNECTION
The relay contact illustrations adjacent to the HYDRO+ relay terminals are shown in
the power off, de-energized, alarm on, control off condition.
Connect the HYDRO+ relays as follows:
RL1 to Rake control
(energized = rake on, de-energized = rake off)
RL2 to Hi Alarm (Point 1)
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL3 to Lo Alarm (Point 2)
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL4 to Hi Alarm (Point 3)
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL5 to transducers
See INSTALLATION
INSTALLATION Interconnection\Transducer
PL-507
46
PROGRAMMING
Set Relay Set Up to "Rake Control" (P100=5) to preset relays as follows.
PARAMETER
RL#1
RL#2
RL#3
RL#4
RL#5
P110 Relay Allocation
3
1
2
3
1
P111 Relay Function
50
1
1
1
49
P112 Relay A Setpoint
80%
90%
10%
90%
----
P113 Relay B Setpoint
20%
85%
15%
85%
----
OPERATION
By level (as indicated by the Point Number bar graphs)...
1. The rake control:
a)
is turned "on" when Point # 3 = 80%.
b)
is turned "off" when Point # 3 = 20%.
2. Alarms indicate critical operating conditions.
a)
Hi Alarm (Point 1) = high channel inflow (on 90%, off 85%).
b)
Lo Alarm (Point 2) = low channel outflow (on 10%, off 15%).
c)
Hi Alarm (Point 3) = rake malfunction (on 90%, off 85%).
d)
All Alarms
= HYDRO+ power interruption.
3. The 4-20 mA output is proportional to level on Point 1. If desired, set the mA
Allocation for Point 2 (P202 = 2) or for differential Point 3 (P202 = 3).
APPLICATIONS
PL-507
47
PENSTOCK CONTROL
A penstock (motorized liquid flow control gate) is often used to control and maintain
open channel flowrate. In some cases, penstock control is used to limit storm flow
conditions through the channel by diverting excess (storm condition) flow to a
temporary holding vessel.
To monitor open channel flow downstream from a penstock, see the note at the end
of the OCM application example.
The HYDRO+ provides time step penstock control based on open channel level with
only minimal application programming. For the following example, we’ll assume
Operation was set for "level" (P001 = 1) and Empty (P006) was set from the
transducer face to the channel bottom.
penstock
storm
spillway
transducer
RELAY INTERCONNECTION
The relay contact illustrations adjacent to the HYDRO+ relay terminals are shown in
the power off, de-energized, alarm on, control off condition.
Connect the HYDRO+ relays as follows:
RL1 to "OPEN" control
(energized = open penstock per P112,P114 and P115)
RL2 to "CLOSE" control
(energized = close penstock per P112, P114 and P115)
RL3 to Hi Alarm
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL4 to Lo Alarm
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL5 not used
PL-507
48
PROGRAMMING
GENERAL
P001 Operation = 1 (level)
P006 Empty = 1.7 m (e.g. Transducer to channel bottom)
P007 Span = 1.3 m (e.g. Channel bottom to highest head)
RELAYS
Set Relay Set Up to "off" (P100=0, preset) prior to relay programming.
PARAMETER
P111 Relay Function
RL#1
RL#2
RL#3
RL#4
RL#5
63
63
1
1
0
P112 Relay A Setpoint
*
45%
55%
65%
35%
----
P113 Relay B Setpoint
*
----
----
60%
40%
----
P114 Relay C Setpoint
*
0.1
----
----
----
----
0.02
----
----
----
----
P115 Relay D Setpoint *
*
Relay Setpoints above are for illustration purposes only. Program Relay Setpoints
as required to satisfy individual application requirements.
OPERATION
By level (as indicated by the bar graph)...
1. The Penstock is:
a)
driven more open for 0.1 minute at 45% level or less (RL1).
b)
driven more closed for 0.1 minute at 55% level or more (RL2).
c)
control operation limited (P115) to every 1 min, 12 secs (for stabilization).
d)
both controls are held "off" if the level is between 45.01% and 54.99%.
2. Alarms indicate critical operating conditions.
Hi Alarm = close control malfunction (on 65%, off 60%)
b)
Lo Alarm = open control malfunction (on 35%, off 40%)
c)
Both Alarms = HYDRO+ power interruption
APPLICATIONS
a)
3. Use the 4-20 mA output if desired...
PL-507
a)
proportional to level if Operation = "level" (P001 = 1).
b)
inversely proportional to level if Operation = "space" (P001 = 2).
49
1999/07/08
GENERAL ALARMS
If relay operated controls are not required, the following general alarms may be added
to the general application programming.
Alarms (similar to controls) are always based on level regardless of the Operation
(P001) selected.
FULL
HI HI Alarm On
HI HI Alarm Off
HI Alarm On
HI Alarm Off
Lo Alarm Off
Lo Alarm On
Lo Lo Alarm Off
Lo Lo Alarm On
EMPTY
RELAY INTERCONNECTION
The relay contact illustrations adjacent to the HYDRO+ relay terminals are shown in
the power off, de-energized, alarm on, control off condition.
Connect the HYDRO+ relays as follows:
RL1 to Hi Alarm
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL2 to Lo Alarm
(energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL3 to Hi Hi Alarm (energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL4 to Lo Lo Alarm (energized = alarm off, de-energized = alarm on)
RL5 not used
PL-507
50
PROGRAMMING
RELAYS
Set Relay Set Up to "General Alarms" (P100 = 6) to preset relays as follows.
PARAMETER
RL#1
RL#2
RL#3
RL#4
RL#5
1
1
1
1
0
P112 Relay A Setpoint
80%
20%
90%
10%
----
P113 Relay B Setpoint
75%
25%
85%
15%
----
P111 Relay Function
OPERATION
1. Alarms indicate critical operating conditions.
a)
Hi Alarm = high level (on 80%, off 75%).
b)
Lo Alarm = low level (on 20%, off 25%).
c)
Hi Hi Alarm = higher level (on 90%, off 85%).
d)
Lo Lo Alarm = lower level (on 10%, off 15%).
2. Use the 4-20 mA output if desired...
a)
proportional to level if Operation = "level" (P001 = 1).
b)
inversely proportional to level if Operation = "space" (P001 = 2).
APPLICATIONS
PL-507
51
OCM (Open Channel Monitor) Flow and Total Calculation
Typically, a water treatment process has a free flowing open channel on the inlet side.
The channel is often restricted by a PMD (Primary Measuring Device) having a known
head/flow relationship.
(See note at end of example for monitoring overflow from a wet well or flow
downstream from a Penstock).
The HYDRO+ provides OCM flow and totalized flow calculation with only minimal
application programming. Ensure Operation is set for "OCM" (P001 = 6) and Empty
(P006) is set from the transducer face to the channel bottom at the distance from the
PMD (if used) prescribed by the supplier.
RELAY INTERCONNECTION
The relay contact illustrations adjacent to the HYDRO+ relay terminals are shown in
the power off, de-energized, alarm on, control off condition.
Connect the HYDRO+ relays as follows:
RL1
As indicated by the alarm/control application example used.
RL2
As indicated by the alarm/control application example used.
RL3
As indicated by the alarm/control application example used.
RL4
As indicated by the alarm/control application example used.
RL5
to the remote totalizer (if used)
PL-507
52
PROGRAMMING
OCM
P600
PMD = 1 (preset, change to applicable PMD)
P601
Flow Exponent = 2.50 (preset, change per PMD used, P600 = 1 only)
P602
Flume Dimension D = 1 (preset, change per PMD used, P600 = 2 or 3)
P603
Max Head = Span (preset, change to actual head at Max Flow)
P604
Max Flow = 1000 (preset, change to flow at Max Head)
P605
Zero Head = 0.000 (preset, change to zero head distance above Empty)
P606
Time Units = 1 (preset, time portion of Max Flow)
P607
Flow Decimal = 3 (e.g. display value to 3 decimal places)
P610
Head Breakpoints = ---- (change to known flow heads; 32 max, P600 = 4 or 5)
P611
Breakpoint Flowrates = ---- (change to flow at P610 heads; P600 = 4 or 5)
P620
Low Flow Cutoff = 5% (preset, below this head, flow is not totalized
LCD TOTALIZER
P630
LCD Total Factor = 0 (preset, display in 1 x 100 Max Flow volume units)
P633
LCD Total Decimal = 3 (e.g. display value to 3 decimal places)
REMOTE TOTALIZER (optional)
P111
Relay Function = 40 (totalizer) for RL5
P640
Relay Total Factor = 0 (preset, pulse every 1 x 100 (P604) volume units)
P645
Relay On Time = 0.2 seconds (preset, adjust if necessary to suit totalizer)
OPERATION
1. Alarms and/or controls operate as programmed by other Application examples.
2. The totalizer relay energizes for (P645) seconds for every (P640) units.
3. The 4-20 mA output is proportional to flow.
4.
to display 8 digit total flow volume.
5.
to display head.
6.
to display flowrate.
To monitor flow downstream from a Penstock, program the HYDRO+ as
indicated above, except program relays as illustrated in the Penstock Control
application example.
PL-507
53
APPLICATIONS
To monitor the overflow (through a weir) from a wet well, program the HYDRO+ as
indicated above, except program Empty (P006) and relays as illustrated in the Wet
Well Control application example.
VOLUME CALCULATION
Sometimes, an indication of the liquid volume contained within a vessel, or remaining
vessel capacity is required.
The HYDRO+ provides volume calculation with only minimal application programming.
Ensure Empty (P006) is set from the transducer face to the vessel bottom and Span
(P007) is set from the vessel bottom to the vessel top.
flat level bottom
half sphere bottom
4=
1=
sphere
8=
A
Universal
Linear
flat sloped bottom
cone / pyramid bottom
or
or
2=
5=
9=
A
A
flat ends
Universal
Curved
parabola bottom
6=
10 =
3=
parabola ends
A
7=
A
L
RELAY INTERCONNECTION
Connect the HYDRO+ relays as indicated by the alarm/control example used.
Ensure the surface monitored is controlled from coming within 0.33 m (1.1 ft) of the
INSTALLATION Transducer).
transducer face, (see INSTALLATION
Volume calculation does not alter relay programming.
PL-507
54
PROGRAMMING
VOLUME
P050
Tank Shape = 0 (preset, change to applicable shape)
P051
Max Volume = 100 (preset, display in %, other = volume of Span, P007).
P052
Tank Dimension A (required for Tank Shapes: P050 = 2,3,4,5, or 7).
P053
Tank Dimension L (required for Tank Shape P050 = 7)
P054
Level Breakpoint (32 max., required for Tank Shapes: P050 = 9 or 10).
P055
Breakpoint Volumes = volume associated with Level Breakpoints (P054).
OPERATION
1. Alarms and/or controls operate as programmed by other Application examples.
2. Use the 4-20 mA output if desired . . .
a)
proportional to liquid volume if Operation = "level" (P001 = 1).
b)
proportional to remaining capacity if Operation = "space" (P001 = 2).
APPLICATIONS
PL-507
55
PUMPED VOLUME TOTAL
Sometimes, an indication of the total liquid volume pumped from a wet well or into a
reservoir is required.
The HYDRO+ provides total volume pumped calculation with only minimal application
programming. Ensure Operation is set for "Pumped Total" (P001 = 7) and the Wet
Well or Reservoir Control and Volume Calculation application programming is
complete before proceeding.
Remote Totalizer
(not supplied)
RELAY INTERCONNECTION
The relay contact illustrations adjacent to the HYDRO+ relay terminals are shown in
the power off, de-energized, alarm on, control off condition.
Connect the HYDRO+ relays as follows:
RL1 As indicated by the alarm/control application example used.
RL2 As indicated by the alarm/control application example used.
RL3 As indicated by the alarm/control application example used.
RL4 As indicated by the alarm/control application example used.
RL5 To the remote totalizer (if used)
PL-507
56
PROGRAMMING
LCD TOTALIZER
P622
In/Out Correction
= 1 (preset, auto total inflow/discharge adjust)
P630
LCD Total Factor
= 0 (preset, display total in Max Volume units)
P633
LCD Total Decimal = 3 (e.g. display 3 decimal places)
REMOTE TOTALIZER (optional)
P111
Relay Function
= 40 (totalizer) for RL5
P640
Relay Total Factor = 0
P645
Relay On Time
(preset, pulse every 1 x 100 Max Volume units)
= 0.2 seconds (preset, adjust if necessary to suit totalizer)
OPERATION
1.
Alarms and/or controls operate as programmed by other
Control Application programming examples.
2.
The totalizer relay energizes for (P645) seconds for every (P640) volume units.
3.
The 4-20 mA output is proportional to volume (per Volume Calculation).
4.
5.
to display 8 digit total volume pumped value.
To view pump information in the RUN mode...
and then the pump # (to view the pump running hours total)
and hold the pump # (to view the number of pump starts total)
APPLICATIONS
PL-507
57
FAILSAFE OPERATION GENERAL
As preset, upon a loss of echo, the HYDRO+ Reading, alarm relays, and mA output
are held at last "known" values and pump/control relays are de-energized, until a valid
measurement is regained.
If desired, program the HYDRO+ to provide alternative display, relay and/or mA
output operation under loss of echo conditions to provide failsafe operation.
PROGRAMMING
1. Enter the Failsafe Material Level (where alarms warn "unsafe" operation).
P071:
HI = 100% bar graph level
LO = 0% bar graph level
and
or
to access.
HOLd = last level (preset)
specific level = -50% to 150% of Span (P007) in Units or %.
2. Enter the Measurement Response for advance to the Failsafe Material Level.
P003 Response: 1 = 100 minute delay, advance at 0.1 metres/minute
2 = 10 minute delay, advance at 1 metre/minute
3 = 1 minute delay, advance at 10 metres/minute
3. To test failsafe operation (with the monitored surface still), disconnect the
transducer cable and ensure alarms/controls activate.
For more failsafe programming and operation information,
PARAMETERS P003,P070,P071,P072,P129,P219,P700,P701.
see PARAMETERS
If any of these parameters are altered, retest Failsafe Operation.
PL-507
58
WET WELL FAILSAFE
HI Level
Fault
Detector
HI Alarm
LO Level
Fault
Detector
OPERATION
For this example we’ll assume:
P001
Operation is set to "level" (P001 = 1).
P003
Measurement Response is set to "medium" (P003 = 2, preset).
P006
Empty is set for 6.000 metres.
P007
Span is set for 5.000 metres.
P071
Failsafe Material Level is set for "HI".
P100
Relay Set Up is set for Wet Well 1 (P100 = 1).
a) high alarm is to indicate failsafe operation.
b) lead pump starts (as preset) at 70% (3.5 m).
c) high alarm trips on (as preset) at 90% (4.5 m) and off at 85% (4.25 m).
d) normal wet well filling rate is 0.3 m/minute.
e) back up system takes over if level reaches 5.5 m.
f) at 9:15 am, the HYDRO+ transducer cable was accidentally cut.
09:15:00 am Echo lost at 2.2 m, pump(s) turn off, countdown begins
09:25:00 am Failsafe activated, reported level advances at 1 m/min (P003).
09:26:00 am backup control takes over, actual level = 5.5 m (and falling).
09:27:18 am HI alarm trips on, reported level = 4.5 m.
09:27:48 am HI alarm still on, reported level = 5 m.
PL-507
59
APPLICATIONS
e.g.
APPLICATION ASSISTANCE
The preceding examples describe only a few ways in which the HYDRO+ can be
applied to process measurement requirements.
The HYDRO+ can be used to monitor and/or activate alarm/control relays for almost
any process (within the temperature, measurement range, and chemical immunity
capabilities of the system) where a distance measurement or determination of
presence vs. lack of presence of an object is desired.
By thoroughly reviewing the PARAMETERS
PARAMETERS sections, you may identify some
interesting ways of using the HYDRO+ to monitor specific processes.
Milltronics has many years experience applying ultrasonic level measurement to a
variety of processes in the mining, aggregate, lumber, grain, chemical, pulp and
paper, water, and waste water industries.
If you encounter a difficulty applying the HYDRO+ to a process measurement
requirement, or successfully apply the HYDRO+ to a "unique process" we may have
never considered, contact Milltronics or your local distributor.
PL-507
60
PARAMETERS
P000 (G) LOCK
Use this feature to secure all programming from inadvertent alteration.
Direct access (cannot be scroll accessed) this parameter after all
programming is complete and enter any value (other than 1954) to
activate the programming Lock.
When Lock is activated, the HYDRO+ may be switched from the RUN
mode to the program mode and the value of any parameter may be viewed
but not altered. To unLock the HYDRO+, direct access this parameter and
enter the value "1954".
Normally, during a measurement simulation (see Measurement Parameters,
P920 - P927), control relays remain de-energized. If desired, set Lock for
"simulation controls" to have control relays functional during a simulation.
This parameter cannot be reset by
values:
1954 = off (Parameter Value alteration permitted)
-1 = simulation controls
other = activated (programming secured)
PL-507
61
PARAMETERS
SECURITY PARAMETER (P000)
QUICK START PARAMETERS (P001 TO P009)
P001 (G) OPERATION
Enter the type of RUN mode operation desired.
If "out-of-service" is entered, the transducer is not fired, alarm relay(s)
energize, pump relay(s) de-energize, and mA output(s) assume the surface
is at the Empty (P-006) value.
*
If "DPD" or "DPA" is entered, 2 transducers are required, see
INSTALLATION
INSTALLATION Transducer.
DPD = Point 3 = Point 1 - Point 2.
DPA = Point 3 = (Point 1 + Point 2) 2.
values:
0 = out-of-service
1 = level
(display how full a vessel is)
2 = space
(display how empty a vessel is)
3 = distance
(preset, surface to transducer face distance)
4 = DPD
(display the absolute difference between 2 levels)
5 = DPA
(display the average of 2 levels)
6 = OCM
(display flow in an open channel)
7 = PT
(display total pumped volume)
P002 (G) MATERIAL
Enter the type of material monitored.
values:
1 = liquid or flat solid surface (preset)
2 = solid (heaping or angled away from transducer)
P003
MEASUREMENT RESPONSE
Enter the typical monitored surface rate of change in position.
This feature presets a variety of independently programmable parameters,
substantially simplifying start up requirements.
If Failsafe, Rate, Measurement Verification, or Scanning parameters have
been previously independently programmed, refer to
TECHNICAL
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
REFERENCE Measurement Response before altering.
values:
PL-507
1 = slow
(0.1 m/min)
2 = medium
(1 m/min) (preset)
3 = fast
(10 m/min)
62
P004 (G) TRANSDUCER
Enter the type of transducer(s) connected to the HYDRO+.
0 = Default after RESET - same as ST-25
1 = ST-25
101 = XCT-8
104 = XPS-15
2 = ST-50
102 = XPS-10
111 = XKS-6
100 = ST-H
103 = XCT-12
112 = XRS-5
P005 (G) UNITS
Enter the units of measure desired for programming and/or display.
values:
1 = metres (m) (preset)
2 = centimetres (cm)
4 = feet (ft)
5 = inches (in)
3 = millimetres (mm)
P006
EMPTY
Enter the maximum transducer face to surface distance, in Units (P005).
For mA input applications ( P004 = 250 ), set Empty value equal
to Span ( P007 ).
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999
(preset to 8.000 m, or equivalent)
63
1999/1/11
PARAMETERS
values:
P007
SPAN
Enter the maximum surface distance from Empty (P006).
Span is automatically preset to 1.1 x the blanking value (P800) less than
the Empty value, unless it is altered manually.
For "distance" Operation (P001=3), Span is preset to Empty (P006).
Enter a lower value if desired. If the automatic setting is not high enough,
(see INSTALLATION Transducer). Always prevent the monitored surface
from entering the blanking zone.
values:
0.000 to 9999
With the Quick Start Parameters altered as
required, proceed to OPERATION to
identify / verify system performance
P008 (G) DATE
Enter the current date in YY.MM.DD format.
values:
00.00.00 to 99.12.31
Year 2000 Compliance
The year is stored and displayed as a 2 digit number
from 00 to 99. Year values less than 69 are 21st
century (2000 – 2069). Year values greater than
70 are 20th century (1970 – 1999).
P009 (G) TIME
Enter the current time in HH.MM.SS (24 hour) format.
values:
PL-507
00.00.00 to 23.59.59
64
VOLUME PARAMETERS (P050 to P055)
If Readings proportional to volume are desired, adjust the following parameters.
PARAMETERS
P050
TANK SHAPE
Enter the Tank Shape option that matches the vessel monitored.
If additional vessel dimension entry is required, the associated parameters
(as indicated below) may be scroll accessed.
When Operation is "level" (P001 = 1), liquid (material) volume is calculated.
Alternatively, when Operation is "space" (P001 = 2), remaining vessel
capacity is calculated.
In the RUN mode, Readings are displayed in percent of (and mA outputs
are proportional to) maximum volume. To convert Readings to volumetric
units, see Max Volume (P051).
values:
0 = volume calculation not required (preset)
flat level bottom
half sphere bottom
4=
1=
sphere
8=
A
Universal
Linear
flat sloped bottom
cone / pyramid bottom
or
or
5=
9=
2=
A
A
flat ends
Universal
Curved
parabola bottom
6=
10 =
3=
parabola ends
A
7=
A
PL-507
65
L
P051
MAX VOLUME
For Readings in volumetric units (rather than percent), enter the vessel
volume between Empty (P006) and Span (P007).
e.g. 1) If volume = 3650 m3, enter 3650.
2) If volume = 267500 gallons, enter 267.5 (1000’s of gallons).
values:
P052
0.000 to 9999
TANK DIMENSION A
Enter the height of the tank bottom if P050 = 2,3,4, or 5, or the length of
one end section of the tank if P050 = 7, in Units (P005).
values:
P053
0.000 to 9999
TANK DIMENSION L
Enter the tank length (excluding both end sections) if P050 = 7.
values:
P054
0.000 to 9999
LEVEL BREAKPOINTS (Universal Volume Calculation)
Enter the level breakpoints* (where volume is known) if P050 = 9 or 10.
values:
P055
0.000 to 9999
BREAKPOINT VOLUMES (Universal Volume Calculation)
Enter the volume* corresponding to each Level Breakpoint entered.
values:
*
0.000 to 9999
To enter a Level Breakpoint or Breakpoint Volume...
e.g. level breakpoint,
breakpoint 1,
value blank
Enter the desired value.
e.g. 7.5 m
Scroll (
or
) or direct access
the desired Breakpoint.
e.g. breakpoint 2
Refer to TECHNICAL REFERENCE Volume Calculation
for breakpoint value selection assistance.
PL-507
66
READING PARAMETERS (P060 to P062)
a) change the number of decimal places displayed.
b) convert the Reading to alternate units.
c) reference measurements to other than Empty (P006) or Span (P007).
P060
DECIMAL POSITION
Enter the maximum number of Reading decimal places to be displayed.
In the RUN mode, the number of decimal places displayed is automatically
adjusted (if necessary) to prevent the number of Reading digits from
exceeding display capabilities.
This value is automatically altered when Units (P005) and/or Max Volume
(P051) is altered.
values:
0 = no digits after the decimal point
1 = 1 digit after the decimal point
2 = 2 digits after the decimal point
3 = 3 digits after the decimal point
P061
CONVERT READING
Enter the value to multiply the Reading by, (before display).
This feature is preset to 1.000 (no conversion).
e.g. If the Reading is displayed in feet, to display in yards, enter 3.
Avoid entering a value that, when multiplied by the maximum
current Reading, could exceed 5 digits before the
Decimal Position.
values:
PL-507
-999 to 9999
67
PARAMETERS
Alter the following parameters to:
P062
OFFSET READING
Enter the value to be added to the Reading, (before display).
This feature is preset to 0.000, (no offset).
e.g. To reference the current level to sea level, enter the distance in Units
(P005), between Empty (P006) and sea level. (Enter a negative value
if Empty is below sea level.)
This feature affects the Reading only.
(Relays and mA outputs are not affected).
values:
-999 to 9999
vessel
Empty
(P006)
sea
display offset
(P062)
level
PL-507
68
FAILSAFE PARAMETERS (P070 to P072)
To automatically operate alarms / controls under these conditions, alter the following
parameters as required.
FAILSAFE OPERATION
If Failsafe Operation is not required, proceed to RELAY PARAMETERS.
If a difficulty occurs, the display, relay status, and mA outputs are held at their last
"known" values and the Failsafe Timer is activated.
When a valid measurement is made before the Failsafe Timer (P070) expires, the
HYDRO+ advances to the "new" material level, per the Max Empty / Fill Rate (P700 /
P701, preset by Measurement Response, P003), and the timer resets.
If the timer expires, the HYDRO+ advances to the Failsafe Material Level (P071), per
Failsafe Advance (P072), operating relays per Relay Failsafe (P129) and the mA
output per mA Failsafe (P219).
When a valid measurement is made after the timer expires, the HYDRO+ advances to
the "new" material level, per Failsafe Advance, and the timer resets.
TROUBLESHOOTING .
If Failsafe Operation is activated frequently, see TROUBLESHOOTING
P070
FAILSAFE TIMER
Enter the time to elapse (in minutes), upon a measurement or
technical difficulty, before failsafe operation is activated.
If the timer expires due to a measurement difficulty, "LOE" flashes
in the Reading display.
Technical difficulty messages ("Short", "OPEn", and/or "Error") flash in
the Reading display before the timer expires. The offending terminal
connections are displayed in the Auxiliary Reading display.
Use a short duration Failsafe Timer value when fast
moving surfaces are monitored, however avoid entering
a value so short as to cause nuisance activation.
This value is automatically altered when Measurement Response (P003)
is altered. See TECHNICAL
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
REFERENCE Measurement Response.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999
69
PARAMETERS
As preset, if Failsafe Operation is activated, the display, alarm relays, and the mA
output are held at their last "known" values, and control relays de-energize, until a
valid measurement is regained.
P071
FAILSAFE MATERIAL LEVEL
Select the material level to be reported when the Failsafe Timer expires.
If "HOLd" (preset) is selected, the "last known" material level is held.
If "HI" is selected, the HYDRO+ advances to the Span (P007) level, per
Failsafe Level Advance (P072).
If "LO" is selected, the HYDRO+ advances to the Empty (P006) level,
per Failsafe Level Advance (P072).
Select the Failsafe Material Level based upon the relay and/or mA output
operation required during failsafe operation.
e.g. 1) To de-energize a HI alarm relay, select "HI" (if P129 = "OFF").
e.g. 2) To force a low mA output, select "LO" (if P219 = "OFF").
Ensure relays and mA outputs used for Failsafe Operation
are wired and programmed appropriately.
To select HI, LO, or HOLd...
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol,
or
as required to scroll access the desired option,
Alternatively, enter a specific Failsafe Material Level within -50 to 150%
of Span (P007), in Units (P005), or % of Span.
values:
P072
-999 to 9999
FAILSAFE LEVEL ADVANCE
Select the method for the HYDRO+ advance to (and from) the
Failsafe Material Level.
When "restricted" (preset), the HYDRO+ advances to/from the Failsafe
Material Level, as determined by Measurement Response (P003) or the
Max Fill/Empty Rate (P700/P701) values entered.
Alternatively, when "immediate" is selected, the Failsafe Material Level
(or "new" material level) is assumed immediately.
When "fast back" is selected, the Failsafe Level Advance is restricted,
however the advance to the new material level is immediate.
values:
1 = restricted
2 = immediate
3 = fast back
PL-507
70
RELAY PARAMETERS
Alter the following parameters as required.
These parameters set up Independent Relay Parameters to satisfy the most common
relay operation requirements, requiring only one programming entry.
P100 (G) RELAY SET UP
Enter the Relay Set Up (if desired) to preset numerous relay parameters
as required for common HYDRO+ applications.
If the Relay Set Up selected, exactly matches HYDRO+ relay operation
requirements, no further relay programming is necessary.
If the Relay Set Up selected does not exactly match relay operation
requirements, modify the Relay Set Up by independently programming
the remaining relay parameters as required.
If completely independent relay programming is desired, enter "0" and
proceed to Independent Relay Programming.
The "screen control" Relay Set Up may only be selected after "differential"
Operation (P001 = 4) is selected.
Entering any Relay Set Up value automatically resets all relay
programming to the Relay Set Up specified.
values:
0 = all relays off
1 = Wet Well 1
(see APPLICATIONS
APPLICATIONS Wet Well Control)
2 = Wet Well 2
(similar to above except pump by rate)*
3 = Reservoir 1
(see APPLICATIONS
APPLICATIONS Reservoir Control)
4 = Reservoir 2
(similar to above except pump by rate)*
5 = Screen Control
(see APPLICATIONS
APPLICATIONS Rake Control)
6 = General Alarms
APPLICATIONS General Alarms)
(see APPLICATIONS
* Pumps are activated by rate of rise / fall rather than by specific
level setpoints. See Rate Pump (P121).
PL-507
71
PARAMETERS
STANDARD RELAY CONFIGURATIONS (P100)
INDEPENDENT RELAY PROGRAMMING (P110 and P111)
These parameters need only be accessed if the Relay Set Up (P100) selected does
not exactly match the relay operation desired.
When any of the following Relay Parameters are accessed, the Point Type display
changes to the Relay Symbol and the Relay Number (corresponding to the HYDRO+
terminals) is displayed in the Point Number field.
The HYDRO+ provides almost infinite versatility in relay programming capabilities.
The following Relay Parameter descriptions are intended only for use to determine if a
feature is required for a specific application and to define the values or range of
values applicable.
APPLICATIONS .
For relay feature combination and interaction examples, see APPLICATIONS
P110
RELAY ALLOCATION
This value may only be altered if Operation is set for DPD (Differential Level)
or DPA (Average Level). (P001 = 4 or 5).
As preset, all relay operation pertains to Point Number 1, unless
automatically altered by the Relay Set Up (P100) selection, if used.
Enter the Point Number(s) which the Relay Number (displayed)
operation is to be based upon.
e.g. To allocate Relay 3 to Point 1, with Relay Number 3 displayed, enter 1.)
If the relay is allocated to more than one Point Number (1,2, and / or 3),
any Point Number allocated can set the Relay Function (P111) "ON".
This value is reset if Relay Set Up (P100) is altered.
values:
PL-507
1 = Point # 1
2 = Point # 2
1.2 = Point # 1 or 2
2.3 = Point # 2 or 3
1.3 = Point # 1, 2, or 3
3 = Point # 3
72
P111
RELAY FUNCTION
Use this feature to define the operation of each relay required.
PARAMETERS
Relay Functions are divided into 4 categories
» ALARM:
the relay de-energizes to set the alarm "ON".
» OPERATION:
used for specific modes of Operation (P001).
» PUMP:
the relay energizes to set the pump "ON".
» CONTROL:
the relay energizes to set the control "ON".
Enter the Relay Function for the Relay Number displayed.
This value is reset if Relay Set Up (P100) is altered.
ALARM FUNCTIONS
HYDRO+ relays are de-energized to turn alarms "ON", and energized to turn alarms
"OFF". If HYDRO+ power is interrupted, the alarm is activated (assuming the alarm is
powered by an alternate source).
FUNCTION
DESCRIPTION
SETPOINTS
Level
alarm at level setpoint
P112, P113
In Bounds
alarm at level between setpoints
P112, P113
Out of Bounds
alarm at level outside setpoints
P112, P113
Rate of Change
alarm at level rise or fall setpoint
P112, P113
Temperature
alarm at temperature setpoint
P112, P113
LOE
alarm if Failsafe Timer (P070) expires
Cable
alarm if cable short or opened
Pump Efficiency
n/a
n/a
alarm if pump rate (P182) is less than reference (P180)
Time of Day alarm on time of day
Clock Failure
P114, P146
alarm on clock failure
n/a
Level Alarms may be assigned the following designations:
DESIGNATION
PURPOSE
DISPLAY INDICATOR
SETPOINTS
(blank)
no indicator
none
as desired
L
Low Alarm
▼
P112 < P113
LL
Lower Alarm
▼ ▼
P112 < P113
H
High Alarm
▲
P112 > P113
HH
Higher Alarm
▲ ▲
P112 > P113
To select a Level Alarm Designation (L,LL,H,HH or blank), enter the
Level Relay Function, and then...
PL-507
73
n/a
P111
RELAY FUNCTION (continued)
1.
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol,
2.
or
3.
when the desired designation is displayed.
, to scroll access the alarm designations and...
ALARM OPERATION
Relay A / B Setpoints (P112 / P113) set the critical points (based on the Relay
Function) where, in the RUN mode...
1. Alarm Indicators (if programmed) are switched "ON" and OFF"
2. Relays are "energized" and "de-energized"
For most Relay Functions, setpoint values represent material levels, entered in Units
(P005) or percent of Span (P007) as referenced to Empty (P-006).
Temperature alarm values are entered in degrees Celsius (°C). Rate alarms are
entered in Units / minute or percent of Span per minute. A positive value is entered for
a filling rate alarm; negative for emptying.
RELAY FUNCTION SETPOINTS*
A
B
Level H or HH
Level L or LL
In Bounds▲
Out of Bounds▲
Rate of Change
85%
15%
80%
80%
+10%
- 10%
Temperature
60
- 30
70%
30%
50%
50%
+5%
RELAY
ACTION
OCCURS
WHEN
de-energizes
level rises to 85%
energizes
level falls to 70%
de-energizes
level falls to 15%
energizes
level rises to 30%
de-energizes
level falls to 78%
energizes
level rises to 82%
de-energizes
level rises to 52%
energizes
level falls to 48%
energizes
level falls to 78%
de-energizes
level rises to 82%
energizes
level rises to 52%
de-energizes
level falls to 48%
de-energizes
fill rate rise to 10%/min
energizes
fill rate fall to 5%/min
- 5%
de-energizes
empty rate rise to 10% / min
energizes
empty rate fall to 5% / min
55
de-energizes
temperature rises to 60 °C
energizes
temperature falls to 55 °C
- 25
de-energizes
temperature falls to -30 °C
energizes
temperature rises to -25 °C
* Values shown are for illustration purposes only. Enter values which apply to your particular installation.
▲ 2% factory set hystersis, adjustable via P116
PL-507
74
P111
RELAY FUNCTION (continued)
values: 0 = off (relay is always de-energized)
6 = LOE alarm
1 = Level Alarm
7 = Transducer Cable Fault Alarm
2 = In Bounds Alarm
8 = Pump Efficiency
3 = Out of Bounds Alarm
9 =Time of Day
4 = Rate of Change Alarm
10 = Clock Failure
5 = Temperature Alarm
OPERATION FUNCTIONS
The following Relay Function options may be used only for specific modes
of Operation (P001).
FUNCTION
Totalizer
DESCRIPTION
SETPOINTS
y
P640/P645
y
1 contact closure per 1 x 10 units
Flow Sampler
1 contact closure per X x 10 units
or time duration
P641-P645
P115
Scanner
switches transducer inputs
n/a
The Totalizer Function may be used if Operation is set for "OCM" (Open
Channel Monitor) or "PT" (Pumped Volume Totalizer), (P001= 6 or 7).
The Flow Sampler function may be used if OCM Operation,
(P001 = 6) is selected.
If DPD (differential level) or DPA (average level) Operation is selected,
(P001 = 4 or 5), Relay Number 5 is automatically set for the Scanner
function. See INSTALLATION Interconnection/Transducer for Transducer
wiring details.
values:
40 = Totalizer
41 = Flow Sampler
49 = Scanner
PL-507
75
PARAMETERS
Important! Relay A / B Setpoint values cannot be exactly equal.
P111
RELAY FUNCTION (continued)
PUMP FUNCTIONS
HYDRO+ relays set for a Pump Function are energized to turn pump controls
"ON" (start pump), and de-energized to turn pump controls "OFF" (stop pump).
Therefore, if HYDRO+ power is interrupted, the pump(s) are turned "OFF".
Pumps are started and stopped at the critical Relay A / B Setpoint
(P112 / P113) levels entered.
To pump down (reduce level) set P112 > P113.
To pump up (increase level) set P112 < P113
Use "duty assist" Pump Functions if all pumps are to assist each other
(run at the same time, if necessary) to meet demand.
Use "duty backup" Pump Functions if a pump is to take over for another
(stop the previous running pump), failing to meet demand (due to pump
malfunction, intake blockage, etc.).
"Assist" and "Backup" Pump Functions cannot be mixed.
Use "fixed" Pump Functions to have setpoints fixed to the Relay Number
for which they are altered. (Pumps don’t rotate lead and lag).
Use "alternate" Pump Functions to have setpoints sequentially rotated
between pumps (each time all pumps are stopped) for equal pump use.
Use "service ratio" Pump Functions to have setpoints re-assigned to pumps
to meet the Pump Service Ratio (P122) predetermined usage.
Use the "fofo" Pump Function to have setpoints reassigned so the first pump
on is the first pump off, regardless of setpoint entry order.
values:
50 = fixed duty assist
51 = fixed duty backup
52 = alternate duty assist
53 = alternate duty backup
54 = service ratio duty assist
55 = service ratio duty backup
56 = fofo alternate duty assist
PL-507
76
P111
RELAY FUNCTION (continued)
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
FUNCTION
DESCRIPTION
SETPOINTS
Time
relay operation on elapsed time
P114, P115
Storm
relay operation on storm conditions
P150-P152
Aeration
timed relay operation if pumps off
P114, P115
Penstock
timed relay operation based on level
P112, P114, P115
Flush Valve
timed relay operation on pump cycles
P170-P173
Use the "Time Control" Relay Function to activate a device based
upon elapsed time.
e.g.
Timed rake control to keep ram lubricated if idle for long periods.
Use the "Storm Control" Relay Function to activate a device based
upon high levels associated with storm conditions.
e.g.
Open gate (valve) to divert storm overflow into a holding vessel.
Use the "Aeration Control" Relay Function to activate a device based upon
elapsed time since all pumps have been "OFF".
e.g.
Timed fresh air introduction to reduce gas concentration.
Use the "Penstock Control" Relay Function (HYDRO+ relays RL1
and RL2 only) to activate a device for a specific time if level is
outside a specified band.
e.g.
Maintain constant level by time step adjusting upstream Penstock
based on downstream head.
Use the "Flush Valve" Relay Function to activate a device for a specific
time based upon pump cycle frequency.
e.g.
Re-circulate into wet well periodically to dilute bottom solids.
values:
60 = Time Control
61 = Storm Control
62 = Aeration Control
63 = Penstock Control
64 = Flush Valve
PL-507
77
PARAMETERS
HYDRO+ relays are energized to turn controls "ON", and de-energized to
turn controls "OFF". Therefore, if HYDRO+ power is interrupted,
the control is "OFF".
INDEPENDENT RELAY SETPOINTS (P112 to P115)
Independent Relay Setpoints define the critical condition(s) which will cause a relay to
operate based upon the Relay Function (P111) selected.
RELAY A and B SETPOINTS
Relay Functions requiring continuous relay operation until a critical condition subsides
use Relay A and B Setpoints (P112 and P113). Typically, Relay A and B setpoint
values represent a level, entered in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) as referenced
to Empty (P-006). (Ensure the % symbol is displayed before attempting to enter a
% of Span value, see PROGRAMMING
PROGRAMMING Keypad).
Temperature alarm values are entered in degrees Celsius (°C).
Rate alarms are entered in Units per minute or percent of Span per minute. A positive
value is entered for a filling rate alarm; negative for emptying.
These values are reset when Relay Set Up (P100) is altered.
P112
RELAY A SETPOINT
Enter the critical point for the Relay Function (P111) to be "ON".
values:
P113
-999 to 9999
RELAY B SETPOINT
Enter the critical point for the Relay Function (P111) to be "OFF".
values:
-999 to 9999
RELAY C and D SETPOINTS
These setpoints are for Relay Functions requiring timed relay operation.
P114
RELAY C SETPOINT
Enter the length of time the relay is to be energized (ON Duration). This
value (in minutes) must be less than the Relay D Setpoint value.
values:
P115
0.000 to 9999
RELAY D SETPOINT
Enter the length of time desired for the Relay Cycle Period. This value
(in hours) must be greater than the Relay C Setpoint value.
Relay Cycle Period = ON Duration + OFF Duration.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999
78
P 116
BOUND ALARM HYSTERISIS
actual ‘ on ’
P116, hysterisis
setpoint
P116, hysterisis
Enter hysterisis in % of span or
units of P005. (Factory set at 2%).
actual ‘off ’
The hysterisis value is applied
above and below the upper
and lower bound setpoints.
e.g. in bounds, lower setpoint
PUMP SETPOINT MODIFIERS (P121 and P122)
P121 (G) RATE PUMP
Use this feature when more than one relay is set for a "Pump" Relay
Function (P111), to start pumps by rate rather than by level.
During operation, when all pumps are OFF and the level reaches the
Relay A Setpoint, the first pump is turned ON.
If more than one relay (5 max.) is set for a "pump" Relay Function, pumps
will be started in sequence until the level changes at a rate greater than the
corresponding Filling (pump up)/Emptying (pump down) Indicator (P702 /
P703) value, or until all pumps are running (which ever occurs first).
(If the surface is within 5% of Span (P007) from the Relay B Setpoint, and
rate falls below the P702 / P703 value, the pump is held "OFF").
This feature is preset to " on " if Relay Set Up is set for " Wet Well 2 " or
" Reservoir 2 " (P100 = 2 or 4) and " off " for any other Relay Set Up value.
values:
0 = off (pump by level)
1 = on (pump by rate)
P122
PUMP SERVICE RATIO
Use this feature to predetermine pump usage if a "Pump Service Ratio"
Relay Function (P111 = 54 or 55) is selected.
When more than one pump is assigned a Pump Service Ratio value
(in any time units) and a pump start is required (Relay A Setpoint, P112),
the pump with the least running hours (with respect to the assigned ratio
values) is started.
Conversely, when a pump stop is required (Relay B Setpoint (P113),
the pump with the most running hours (as compared to the assigned
ratio values), stops.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999
79
PARAMETERS
For ‘in bounds’ and ‘out of bounds’
Relay Functions (P111 = 2 and 3
respectively), a hysterisis or dead
band prevents relay chatter due to
material level fluctuations
at the upper or lower setpoint.
INDEPENDENT FAILSAFE RELAYS (P129)
P129
RELAY FAILSAFE
Use this feature for relay failsafe operation independent from
the Failsafe Material Level (P070).
Select:
"OFF" for relay response to the Failsafe Material Level (P701).
"HOLd" for "last known" relay state retention.
"dE" to have the relay de-energize immediately.
"En" to have the relay energize immediately,
When the Relay Function (P111) is set for:
a)
"alarm", this feature is preset to "OFF".
b)
"control", this feature is preset to "dE".
To select an independent Relay Failsafe option value:
1.
, to display to the Auxiliary Function symbol,
2.
or
3.
, with the desired option displayed.
values:
, to scroll access the failsafe options.
"OFF"
"HOLd"
"dE"
"En"
PL-507
80
PUMP CONTROL MODIFIERS (P130 to P134 and P136)
P130 (G) RUN ON INTERVAL
Sets the period, in hours, during which a pump run-on may occur (must have
a value greater than 0.000 to function).
values: 0.001 to 9999 (preset = 0.000)
Note:
This feature is not available when using DPD (Differential Level, P001=4).
P131 (G) RUN ON DURATION
Enter the duration of pump run-on, in seconds. Only one run-on is allowed
per interval (P130).
Choose a value long enough to clean out the vessel bottom, yet short
enough not to run the pump dry (if to do so may damage the pump).
values: 0.0 to 9999 (preset = 0.0)
P132 (G) START DELAY
Use this feature to reduce the power (mains) surge that would be
generated if multiple pumps were to start simultaneously.
Enter the time to elapse (in seconds) after a pump has started before
the next pump is permitted to start (if called for).
values: 0.0 to 9999 (preset = 10 seconds)
P133 (G) POWER RESUMPTION DELAY
Use this feature to reduce the power (mains) surge that would occur if
pumps were to start immediately on power resumption.
Enter the time to elapse after power resumption (following a power
interruption) before pumps are permitted to start.
values: 0.0 to 9999 (preset = 10 seconds).
PL-507
81
1999/1/11
PARAMETERS
Use this feature to periodically have pumps continue running for a specified
time (Run On Duration, P131) to discharge sediment.
P134
PUMP EXERCISING
Use this feature to reduce idle pump corrosion/sediment build up.
If a pump remains idle for the time (in hours) specified by the Relay D
Setpoint (P115) value entered, the pump runs for the time specified
by the Relay C Setpoint (P114) value.
values:
0 = off (preset)
1 = on (exercise pumps per P114 / P115)
P136 (G) WALL CLING REDUCTION
Use this feature to reduce material (fat, soap etc.) concentration on the
vessel walls at the "normal" level.
This feature adjusts the Relay A / B Setpoints (P112 / P113) within the band
specified, as follows:
»
For "pump down" applications (Relay A Setpoint > Relay B Setpoint),
the Relay A / B Setpoint values are randomly varied within the band
specified (lower than Relay A Setpoint, higher than Relay B Setpoint).
»
For "pump up" applications (Relay A Setpoint < Relay B Setpoint), the
Relay A / B Setpoint values are randomly varied within the band specified
(higher than Relay A Setpoint, lower than Relay B Setpoint).
Enter the band of Relay A / B Setpoint value variation desired.
values: 0.000 to 9999 (preset = 0.000)
P137
PUMP GROUP
Use this feature to group pumps (relay points 1 - 5) into group 1 or 2.
The feature is applied to pump rotation* and occurs independently within
each group.
values:
1 = group 1 (preset)
2 = group 2
* P111 =
PL-507
51, 52, or 53 (fixed duty back up, alternate duty assist or alternate
duty back up, respectively)
82
1998/10/04
PUMP ENERGY COST REDUCTION (P140 to P145)
A maximum of ten energy periods can be programmed by indexing the peak start
(P141) and end (P142) for periods 1 through 10 and entering the desired times.
P140 (G) ENERGY SAVING
Use this feature to maximize pump use during low energy cost periods,
and limit use during high energy cost periods.
values:
0 = off (preset)
1 = on (do not pump during peak energy cost, if possible).
P141 (G) PEAK START TIME
Enter the time of day when high energy costs (to be avoided) start.
This value, in conjunction with Peak End Time, defines the high
energy cost period.
values*: HH.MM format (preset = 00:00)
P142 (G) PEAK END TIME
Enter the time of day when high energy costs (to be avoided) end.
values*: HH.MM format (preset = 00:00)
*
To enter Peak Start and End
e.g. peak start P141,
energy period 1,
start time blank
Enter the desired time
e.g. start time
7.45 am
Scroll (
or
) or direct
access the desired
energy period.
PL-507
e.g. energy
period 2
83
PARAMETERS
These features enable a single pumping station (or multiple pumping stations in
series) to be emptied/filled as required, immediately prior to the high energy cost
period. The pump start/pump stop setpoints may also be modified to reduce pump
running time during this period.
P143 (G) PEAK LEAD TIME
Enter the estimated pump running time (in minutes) required to pump the
level from the highest Relay A Setpoint (P112) to the lowest Relay B
Setpoint (P113) levels.
This value defines the time before the high energy cost period, when the
HYDRO+ should start pumping to ensure the level is as far as possible
from the Relay A Setpoint (P112) level.
(If the level is already within 5% of Span from the Relay B Setpoint (P113)
level, no action is taken).
If multiple pump stations are series linked, ensure the Peak Lead Times
entered are sufficient to attain the desired level in all stations before the
high energy cost period occurs.
values:
0.000 to 1440
INDEPENDENT PEAK RELAY SETPOINTS A / B
P144
PEAK A SETPOINT
Enter the value (similar to Relay A Setpoint, P112) to be used for the high
energy cost period.
This feature allows the level to go beyond the normal Relay A Setpoint
before a pump is started.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999 (preset = 0.000)
84
P145
PEAK B SETPOINT
This feature allows the pump(s) to be stopped before the normal Relay B
Setpoint, to reduce pump running time during the high energy cost period.
values:
0.000 to 9999 (preset = 0.000)
The following example illustrates high energy cost usage reduction and/or elimination
by utilizing the HYDRO+ Pump Energy Cost Reduction features.
ENERGY SAVING EXAMPLE
( Wet Well, " Pump Down " Application )
Normal Operation
During low energy cost period Relay A / B
Setpoints (P112 / 113) are used to initiate pump
starts and pump stops.
Peak Lead time (P143)
Regardless of the Relay A Setpoint, pump
starts are initiated, and level falls to the
Relay B Setpoint.
Peak Start Time (P141)
Low level for start of high energy cost period. Now
Relay A / B Setpoints are disregarded. Pumping is
initiated only if the Peak A / B Setpoints (P144 /
P145) are reached. *
Peak End Time (P142)
With the high energy cost period now over, Peak
A / B Setpoints are disregarded. Pumping is
initiated as the normal A / B Setpoints are reached.
* When the Peak A Setpoint is not reached, no energy is used during the " high
cost " period. If the Peak A Setpoint is reached, the Wet Well is only pumped
down to 60 %, thereby minimizing " high cost " energy usage.
P146
TIME OF DAY SETPOINT
Use this feature to set the time at which a relay set for time day alarm
(P111 = 9) will alarm.
Enter the time in HH.MM (24 hr) format
PL-507
85
PARAMETERS
Enter the value (similar to Relay B Setpoint, P113) to be used for the
high energy cost period.
STORM CONDITIONS (P150 to P152)
These features permit a Storm Condition to be defined, to operate a relay
set for the "Storm Control" Relay Function (P111), or modify the operation
of a relay set for any "Pump Control", per Storm Action.
Enter Storm A / B Setpoints similar to Relay A / B Setpoints (P112/P113).
A Storm Condition is considered to be in effect if the current level is:
(a) above the Storm A Setpoint (which is higher than Storm B Setpoint).
(b) below the Storm A Setpoint (which is lower than Storm B Setpoint).
P150
STORM A SETPOINT
Enter the value (similar to Relay A Setpoint, P112) to define a Storm
Condition (in conjunction with Storm B Setpoint).
values:
P151
0.000 to 9999
STORM B SETPOINT
Enter the value (similar to Relay B Setpoint, P113) to define a Storm
Condition (in conjunction with Storm A Setpoint).
values:
P152
0.000 to 9999
STORM ACTION
Use this feature to disable a pump for which Storm A / B Setpoints have been
entered, to prevent futile running or potential damage due to pumping during
flood conditions, (when a Storm Condition exists).
values:
0 = off (pumps are disabled during a Storm Condition).
1 = on (normal operation during a Storm Condition, preset).
P153
STORM MAX DURATION
Use this feature to define the maximum time (in minutes) pumps may be
disabled by Storm Action (P152).
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999 (preset = 30 minutes)
86
FLUSH SYSTEMS (P170 to P173)
P170
FLUSH PUMP
Enter the HYDRO+ Relay Number connected to the pump to be used
for the flush operation.
values:
P171
0 to 5 (0 = flush operation disabled, preset)
FLUSH INTERVAL
Enter the number of Pump cycles to occur before the relay set for
the "Flush Valve" Relay Function will be operated.
values:
P172
0 to 9999 (0 = flush operation disabled, preset)
FLUSH CYCLES
Enter the number of Pump cycles for which Flush Valve operation
(after the Flush Interval and limited by Flush Duration) is desired.
values:
P173
0 to 9999 (0 = flush operation disabled, preset)
FLUSH DURATION
Enter the time to elapse (in seconds) for Flush Valve operation.
values:
PL-507
0.0 to 9999 (preset = 0.0)
87
PARAMETERS
Use this feature to define the flush operation. When a flush pump (or flush
valve in conjunction with a regular pump) is first started, some pump output
is diverted back into the vessel to stir up sediment.
P180
PUMP RATE REFERENCE
This parameter contains a pump rate reference for the assigned pump.
The reference value is the change in percent or level (P050 = 0), or volume
per minute (P050 ≠ 0) that the pump is rated for. The value is used in the
calculation of pump rate efficiency.
values: 0.000 to 9999 (preset = 0)
P181
PUMP RATE TIME
Sets the allotted time, in seconds, from when the pump starts, that the
actual pump rate is calculated. If another pump is about to start or stop,
or this pump is about to stop, the time is cut short and the calculation is
done prematurely. The user can ensure that another pump does not start
before the pump rate has achieved its operating value by increasing the
pump start delay (P132).
values: 0.000 to 9999 (preset = 0)
P182
PUMP RATE
Displays the value of the actual pump rate as calculated over the pump
rate time (P181). The value is positive for a change corresponding to the
pump function. e.g. For pump down application, a positive value is returned
if the level is decreasing.
This parameter can be used to estimate the pump rate reference (P180)
by running a pump cycle, then viewing this parameter.
values: -999 to 9999
PL-507
88
mA OUTPUT PARAMETERS (P200 to P203, P210 to P215, P219)
When a mA Output Parameter is accessed, the Point Type symbol changes to "mA".
P200
mA RANGE
Use this feature to alter the mA output range.
If option 1 or 2 is selected, the mA output is directly proportional to the mA
Function. (If the Reading is 100% (or equivalent Units) the mA output is 20 mA).
If option 3 or 4 is selected, the mA output is inversely proportional to the mA
Function. (If the Reading is 0% (or equivalent Units) the mA output is 20 mA).
value:
0 = off
1 = 0 to 20 mA
2 = 4 to 20 mA (preset)
3 = 20 to 0 mA
4 = 20 to 4 mA
P201
mA FUNCTION
Use this feature to alter the mA output/measurement relationship.
This value is automatically altered when Operation (P001) is altered.
mA Function
level
when Operation is...
"level", "differential", or "average"
space
"space"
distance
"distance"
volume
"level" or "space" (see conditions*)
flow
"OCM"
*
altered when a Tank Shape (P050) is programmed if the mA Allocation
has not been altered.
values:
0 = off
1 = level
2 = space
3 = distance
4 = volume
5 = flow
6 = head
7 = volume rate
PL-507
89
PARAMETERS
If mA output alteration is required, alter the following parameters.
P202
mA ALLOCATION
Use this feature to alter the mA output/Point Number allocation. As preset,
the mA output pertains to Point Number 1.
This value may only be altered if Operation is set for DPD (Differential Level,
P001 = 4) or DPA (Average Level, P001 = 5).
To have the mA output proportional to the differential or average level,
allocate the mA output to Point Number 3.
Enter the Point Number the mA output is to be based upon.
values:
1 = Point 1
2 = Point 2
3 = Point 3
P203 (V) mA VALUE / TRANSDUCER
View the current mA output value for the Point Number displayed.
The value displayed does not include any adjustment made using the
4 or 20 mA Trim features (P214 / P215).
This is the value displayed as an Auxiliary Reading when
in the RUN mode.
values: 0.000 to 22.00
PL-507
90
is pressed
INDEPENDENT mA SETPOINTS (P210 and P211)
If mA Function (P201) is set for "level", "space", or "distance", enter the
material level in Units (P004) or percent of Span (P007) as referenced
to Empty (P006).
If mA Function is set for "volume", enter the volume in Max Volume (P051)
units or as a percent of Max Volume.
If mA Function is set for "flow", enter the flowrate in OCM Max Flow (P604)
units or as a percent of OCM Max Flow.
If mA function is set for "head", enter the head in level units (P004) or
percent of Max Head (P603).
If mA function is set for "volume rate", enter the volume rate in volume / min.
Ensure the % symbol is displayed before attempting to enter a % value,
(see PROGRAMMING Keypad).
These features are preset dependent upon mA Range (P200) and mA
Function (P201).
P210
0/4 mA SETPOINT
Enter the value (in applicable units or %) to correspond to 0 or 4 mA.
values:
P211
-999 to 9999
20 mA SETPOINT
Enter the value (in applicable units or %) to correspond to 20 mA.
values:
PL-507
-999 to 9999
91
PARAMETERS
Use these features to reference the minimum and/or maximum mA output
to any point in the measurement range.
INDEPENDENT mA LIMITS (P212 and P213)
Use these features to adjust the minimum and/or maximum mA
output value limits.
Typically, the value entered is to suit the minimum and/or maximum input limit
requirements of the device connected to the HYDRO+ mA output terminals.
P212
mA MIN LIMIT
Enter the minimum mA output value (in mA) to be produced.
This feature is preset to 0.0 or 3.8 mA, (per mA Function, P200).
values:
P213
0.000 to 22.00
mA MAX LIMIT
Enter the maximum mA output value (in mA) to be produced.
This feature is preset to 20.2 mA.
values:
0.000 to 22.00
INDEPENDENT mA TRIM
Use these features if the device connected to the HYDRO+ mA output
terminals is out of calibration, yet device recalibration is impractical.
Use of these features does not affect the mA Value / Transducer (P203)
value displayed.
P214
4 mA TRIM
Adjust this value (in mA) as required to make the device connected
indicate 4.000 mA when this parameter is accessed.
values:
P215
-1.00 to 1.000
20 mA TRIM
Adjust this value (in mA) as required to make the device connected indicate
20.00 mA when this parameter is accessed.
values:
PL-507
-1.00 to 1.000
92
INDEPENDENT mA FAILSAFE
P219
mA FAILSAFE
OPTION
DESCRIPTION
"OFF"
(preset) mA output responds to Failsafe Material Level (P071).
"HOLd"
the "last known" value is held until normal operation resumes.
"LO"
produce the "Empty" mA output immediately.
"HI"
produce the "Span" mA output immediately.
To select an independent mA Failsafe option:
1.
, to display the Auxiliary Function symbol,
2.
or
3.
, with the desired option displayed.
, to scroll access the failsafe options.
Alternatively, to produce an immediate mA output at a specific value,
enter the value required.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 22.00
93
PARAMETERS
Use this feature for mA output failsafe operation, independent from
the Failsafe Material Level (P071).
mA INPUT PARAMETERS (P250,P251,P252)
If HYDRO+ features are required based upon measurements obtained from another
level monitor, alter the following parameters as required.
This feature enables virtually all HYDRO+ (excluding Transducer specific) features to
be used, based upon the measurements of another level monitor (or any device
providing a 0 to 20 mA or 4 to 20 mA output proportional to level).
To use this feature, do not connect an ultrasonic transducer to the HYDRO+
transducer terminals). Connect the mA output of the device to the HYDRO+ mA input
terminals, and set TRANSDUCER to "Auxiliary" (P004 = 250).
Do not connect the auxiliary device to the HYDRO+ transducer terminals.
P250 (G) mA INPUT RANGE
Enter the mA output range of the auxiliary level monitor connected.
value:
1 = 0 to 20 mA
2 = 4 to 20 mA (preset)
INDEPENDENT mA INPUT SETPOINTS (P251 and P252)
Use these features to define the levels associated with the mA Input
Range. Enter the levels in Units (P004) or % of Span (P007), as
referenced to Empty (P006).
Ensure the % symbol is displayed before attempting to enter a % value,
(see PROGRAMMING
PROGRAMMING Keypad).
P251 (G) 0/4 mA INPUT SETPOINT
Enter the level (in Units or %) to correspond to 0 or 4 mA.
As preset, 0 or 4 mA (dependent upon mA Input Range, P250) "IN"
represents a level at 0 % of Span (or equivalent units).
values:
-999 to 9999
P252 (G) 20 mA INPUT SETPOINT
Enter the level (in Units or %) to correspond to 20 mA.
As preset, 20 mA "IN" represents a level at 100% of Span (or equivalent units).
values:
PL-507
-999 to 9999
94
DATA LOGGING PARAMETERS
To view Data Logging Parameter time stamps,
To view date stamps,
.
.
RECORD TEMPERATURES (P300 to P303)
Use these features to identify the occurrence of record high and / or low temperatures
as recorded in °C.
When a parameter relating to a TS-3 Temperature Sensor is accessed, the Point
Type display changes to the TS-3 symbol.
P300 (V) TEMPERATURE, TRANSDUCER MAX
View the highest temperature encountered, as measured by the
Ultrasonic / Temperature Transducer (if applicable).
values:
- 50 to 150 (preset = - 50)
P301 (V) TEMPERATURE, TRANSDUCER MIN
View the lowest temperature encountered, as measured by the
Ultrasonic / Temperature Transducer (if applicable).
values:
- 50 to 150 (preset = 150)
P302 (V) TEMPERATURE, SENSOR MAX
View the highest temperature encountered, as measured by the
TS-3 Temperature Sensor (if applicable).
values:
- 50 to 150 (preset = - 50)
P303 (V) TEMPERATURE, SENSOR MIN
View the lowest temperature encountered, as measured by the
TS-3 Temperature Sensor (if applicable).
values:
PL-507
- 50 to 150 (preset = 150)
95
PARAMETERS
Use these features to view time and date stamped data, pertaining to operation.
RECORD READINGS (P304 and P305)
Use these features to identify the occurrence of the record high and low Readings.
P304 (V) READING MAX
View the highest Reading calculated (in normal Reading units or %).
values:
-999 to 9999
P305 (V) READING MIN
View the lowest Reading calculated (in normal Reading units or %).
values:
PL-507
-999 to 9999
96
PUMP RECORDS (P310 to P312)
Use these features to identify pump usage.
These features are enabled if the associated Relay Function (P111) is set for any
"pump control" feature. The value displayed pertains to the pump connected to
the associated HYDRO+ terminals.
Enter "0" (if desired) when these parameters are accessed, to reset these features
(perhaps when a new replacement pump is installed). Alternatively, enter any
other (applicable) value (perhaps when a used replacement pump is installed).
During operation, these values are dynamic (continuously changing). Once per
hour, the dynamic value is stored in non-volatile EEPROM memory. Therefore, in
the event of a power interruption, upon power resumption, the value will be
correct to within at least 60 minutes prior to the interruption.
If desired, connect a backup dc power source to the HYDRO+ to ensure the Pump
Records are not affected by an ac power interruption.
(See INSTALLATION
INSTALLATION Interconnection / Power).
P310
PUMP HOURS
View the accumulated "ON" time for the displayed Relay Number.
This value is displayed with a floating decimal point. (i.e. the more figures
displayed before the decimal, the fewer displayed after).
values:
P311
0.000 to 9999
PUMP STARTS
View the accumulated number of times the displayed Relay
Number has been "ON".
values:
P312
0 to 9999
PUMP RUN ONS
View the accumulated number of times the displayed Relay Number
has been held "ON" via Run On Interval (P130).
values:
PL-507
0 to 9999
97
PARAMETERS
When any of these features are accessed, the Point Type display changes to the
Relay Symbol and the Relay Number (corresponding to HYDRO+ terminals) is
displayed in the Point Number field.
FLOW RECORDS (P320 and P321)
These features are enabled if Operation is set for "OCM" (P001 = 6). Use these
features to identify the occurrence of the record high and low flowrates as displayed in
OCM MAX FLOW (P604) units, or as a percent of OCM MAX FLOW.
P320 (V) FLOW MAX
View the highest flowrate calculated (in units or %).
values:
-999 to 9999
P321 (V) FLOW MIN
View the lowest flowrate calculated (in units or %).
values:
PL-507
-999 to 9999
98
LCD TOTALIZER (P322 and P323)
Use these features to view, reset, or preset the 8 digit display totalizer.
The 8 digit totalizer display is divided into 2 groups of 4 digits in the program mode.
For this reason, the 4 least significant totalizer digits are stored in one parameter and
the 4 most significant digits are stored in another.
e.g. P323 & P322
0017
6.294
=
8 Digit Value
=
176.294
Totalizer units are dependent upon programming.
Enter "0" (if desired) when these parameters are accessed, to reset the totalizer to
zero. Alternatively, enter any other (applicable) value, to preset the totalizer to the
value desired.
During operation, these values are dynamic (continuously changing). Once per hour,
the dynamic value is stored in non-volatile EEPROM memory. Therefore, in the event
of a power interruption, upon power resumption, the value will be correct to within at
least 60 minutes prior to the interruption.
If desired, connect a backup dc power source to the HYDRO+ to ensure the totalizer
value is not affected by an ac power interruption.
INSTALLATION Interconnection / Power).
(See INSTALLATION
P322
LCD TOTAL LOW
View and / or alter the 4 least significant digits of the totalizer value.
values:
P323
0.000 to 9999
LCD TOTAL HIGH
View and / or alter the 4 most significant digits of the totalizer value.
values: 0000 to 9999
PL-507
99
PARAMETERS
These features may be enabled if Operation is set for "OCM" or "Pumped
Volume" (P001 = 6 or 7).
PROFILE RECORDS (P330 to P337)
The following parameters are for authorized Milltronics service personnel or
Instrumentation Technicians familiar with Milltronics echo processing techniques.
Use these features to record and save a total of up to 10 Echo profiles, initiated
manually (P330), or automatically (P331 et al). Each record is time and date stamped
as to when the profile was saved. See Scope displays (P810) for echo profile viewing
hardware / software requirements.
If 10 Echo Profiles are already saved, addresses 1 through 10 are filled, the oldest
automatically initiated record is overwritten. Manually initiated records are not
automatically overwritten. All records are automatically deleted in the event of a
power interruption.
When a record is displayed, results are based on current programming (which may
have been altered since the record was saved). This permits the effect on the echo
profile to be observed when changing an echo parameter.
P330 PROFILE RECORD
In addition to serving as a library for profile records, this parameter provides
two functions:
» manually records and saves echo profiles
» displays an echo profile, recorded manually or automatically,
e.g. via an oscilloscope.
To select a record address:
e.g. initial parameter display
until address index is enabled.
selects the desired address, 1 to 10, and displays the
associated parameter value:
‘- - - -’ = no record
‘ x# ’ = record
where: x = A, automatically initiated
= U, manually initiated
# = transducer number
e.g. address 2 selected,
no record saved
PL-507
100
To manually record a profile:
To save a manual record:
copies the echo profile record in the
scope buffer and saves it in the selected
address in the record library. The
parameter value field displays
e.g. manually initiated
record from transducer
the new record ordinates.
1 saved in address 2
To display a record
e.g. record 3 selected
displays the time when the
profile was saved
displays the date when the
profile was saved
copies the echo profile record
in the selected address to the
scope buffer, for display.
e.g. oscilloscope displays record in address 3
To delete a record:
deletes the echo profile record in the
selected address. Parameter value
returns to ‘ - - - - ’.
e.g. record deleted, address 3 clear
* For differential or average operation (P001 = 4 or 5), access scope
Displays (P810) parameter to select the transducer number.
PL-507
101
PARAMETERS
the transducer* fires and an echo profile is
recorded into the internal scope buffer for display.
P331 (G) AUTO RECORD ENABLE
Use this feature (if desired) to enable / disable the Auto Profile
Record function.
values:
0 = off
1 = on
P332 (G) AUTO RECORD TRANSDUCER
Use this feature (if desired) to specify the Transducer Point Number for
which Auto Profile Records are saved.
This feature is preset to Point Number 1. (Alteration is only required if
"differential" or "average" Operation (P001 = 4 or 5) is selected).
values:
0 = any Transducer
1 = Transducer 1 (preset)
2 = Transducer 2
P333 (G) AUTO RECORD INTERVAL
Enter the time (in minutes) to elapse after an Auto Profile Record is saved
before another Auto Profile Record can be saved (subject to all
other restrictions).
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999 (preset to 120 minutes)
102
AUTO RECORD A / B Setpoints
If "----" is displayed for either P334 or P335, Auto Profile Records are saved
regardless of current level (subject to all other restrictions).
Enter the level value in Units (P004) or percent of Span (P007) as referenced to
Empty (P006). (Ensure the % Symbol is displayed before attempting to enter a value
PROGRAMMING Keypad).
in percent, see PROGRAMMING
P334 (G) AUTO RECORD A SETPOINT
Enter the critical level which, in conjunction with Auto Record B Setpoint,
defines the boundaries for Auto Profile Records to be saved.
values:
-999 to 9999
P335 (G) AUTO RECORD B SETPOINT
Enter the critical level which, in conjunction with Auto Record A Setpoint,
defines the boundaries for Auto Profile Records to be saved.
values:
-999 to 9999
P336 (G) AUTO RECORD FILLING / EMPTYING
Use this feature to restrict Auto Profile Records from being saved unless
the level is rising, falling or either.
If the level changes at a rate in excess of the corresponding Filling / Emptying
Indicator (P702 / P703) values, the Echo Profile is saved subject to this and
other Auto Profile Record restrictions.
values:
0 = Auto Profile Record on filling or emptying (preset)
1 = Auto Profile Record on filling only.
2 = Auto Profile Record on emptying only.
P337 (G) AUTO RECORD LOE TIME
Use this feature to restrict Auto Profile Records from being saved unless an
extended loss of echo (LOE) condition occurs.
If the LOE condition exceeds the period entered (in seconds) the Echo Profile
is saved, subject to this and other restrictions.
When set for "0" (preset), LOE is not required for an Auto Profile Record
to be saved.
values:
PL-507
0.0 to 9999
103
PARAMETERS
Use Auto Record A Setpoint (P334) and Auto Record B Setpoint (P335) to define the
boundaries within which the level must be, for the resultant Echo Profile to be
considered for an Auto Profile Record.
INSTALLATION RECORDS (P340 to P342)
Use these features to view data relating to this specific HYDRO+ installation.
P340 (V) DATE OF MANUFACTURE
View the date of manufacture of this HYDRO+.
values:
YY:MM:DD format
P341 (V) RUN TIME
View the accumulated number of days this HYDRO+ has been operating,
since the Date of Manufacture (P340).
This value is saved in EEPROM and updated once each day. Therefore, if
the HYDRO+ is powered down at least once every 24 hour period, this value
will always be less than 1.
values:
0.000 to 9999
P342 (V) START UPS
View the accumulated number of times power has been applied to the
HYDRO+ (following a power interruption), since the Date Of Manufacture.
values:
PL-507
1 to 9999
104
OCM PARAMETERS (P600 - P607, P610, P611, P620, P621)
The HYDRO+ calculates "head" as referenced to Empty (P006) or OCM Zero Offset
(P605), when Operation is set for "OCM" (P001 = 6). Flowrate, based on head
(at the "point of measure" specified by the PMD fabricator) is also calculated.
P600 (G) PRIMARY MEASURING DEVICE
Enter the type of primary measuring device (PMD) used.
If Operation is not set for "OCM" (P001 = 6), this value is preset to "0". If
Operation is set for "OCM", this value is preset to "1".
The HYDRO+ is preprogrammed with the flow constant for common PMD
flow calculations. If the PMD used is not specifically identified, select the
appropriate Universal Flow Calculation.
Associated parameters (as indicated below), Max Head (P603), Max Flow
(P604), and Min Head (P605) may be scroll accessed.
values:
0 = off (no calculation)
1 = exponential (see P601)
2 = Palmer-Bowlus Flume (see P602)
3 = H-Flume (see P602)
4 = Universal Linear Flow Calculation (see P610, P611)
5 = Universal Curved Flow Calculation (see P610, P611)
6 = BS - 3680 / ISO 4359 Rectangular Flume
7 = BS - 3680 / ISO 1438/1 Thin Plate V-notch Weir
PL-507
105
PARAMETERS
If The HYDRO+ is used to monitor open channel flow, alter the following parameters
as required.
P601
(G) FLOW EXPONENT
Exponent PMD (P600 = 1) where Q = KHX
Enter the exponent specified by the PMD manufacturer ( preset 1.55 )
WEIRS
transducer *
*
The transducer must be
above the maximum head
by at least the blanking
value, P800.
weir profile
Applicable Weir Profiles
V -notch or
triangular
suppressed
rectangular
cipolleti or
trapezoidal
sutro or
proportional
Poebing
approximate
exponential
Non-Applicable Weir Profiles
contracted
rectangular
compound
Flows through these weirs may be measured using
the universal flow calculation P600 = 4 or 5.
PL-507
106
P601 for P600 = 1
( cont’d )
FLUMES
PARAMETERS
Parshall Flume
C
2
/3 C
plan
transducer
0
head
front
side
» sized by throat width
» set on solid foundation
» general free flow equation is Q = KHx
where:
Q = flow rate
K = constant
H = head
x = exponent
» For rated flows under free flow conditions, the head is measured at
2/3 the length of the converging section from the beginning of the
throat section.
Khafagi Venturi
15 cm (6")
plan
transducer
front
0
head
side
» for rated flows under free flow conditions, the head is measured 15 cm
( 6" ) upstream from the beginning of the converging section.
PL-507
107
P601 for P600 = 1 ( cont’d )
FLUMES (cont’d)
Leopold Lagco (as manufactured by Leopold Co., Inc.)
throat
Q
transducer
converging
plan
diverging
point of measurement
0
head
side
front
» designed to be installed directly into pipelines and manholes
» Leopold Lagco may be classed as a rectangle Palmer-Bowlus flume
» sized by pipe (sewer) diameter
» for rated flows under free flow conditions, the head is measured at a
point upstream referenced to the beginning of the converging section.
Refer to the following table :
Flume Size
(pipe dia. in inches)
Point of Measurement
cm
inches
4 - 12
15
2.5
3.2
1
1 1/4
18
21
4.4
5.1
1 3/4
2
24
30
6.4
7.6
2 1/2
3
42
48
8.9
10.2
3 1/2
4
54
60
11.4
12.7
4 1/2
5
66
72
14.0
15.2
5 1/2
6
» general free flow equation is Q = KHx,
PL-507
108
where:
Q = flow
K = constant
H = head
x = exponent
P601 for P600 = 1 ( cont’d )
FLUMES (cont’d)
PARAMETERS
Cut Throat Flume
plan
» similar to Parshall flume except that the floor is flat bottomed
and throat has no virtual length.
» refer to manufacturer’s specifications for flow equation and
point of head measurement.
P602
OCM DIMENSION
This parameter lists the required dimensions for the OCM
device selected (P600).
P602 not applicable for P600 = 0, 1, 4 and 5.
To enter an OCM dimension . . .
P600 = 6
e.g. index no. 1,
approach width B,
blank
Enter the approach width
e.g. 0.75 m
Scroll (
or
) or direct
access the desired dimension.
PL-507
109
e.g. index no. 2,
throat width b,
blank
( P602 cont’d )
values ( P600 = 2 ):
index
1
value
flume width D
Palmer Bowlus Flume
(typically those manufactured by Warminster Fiberglass or Plasti-Fab)
D / 2, point of
measurement
plan
transducer
0
head
side
front
» sized by pipe diameter, D. Enter value ( in units of P005 ) into P602.
» flume relief is trapezoidal
» designed to install directly into pipelines and manholes
» head is referenced to bottom of the throat not to bottom of pipes.
» for rated flows under free flow conditions, the head is measured at a
distance of D / 2 upstream from the beginning of the converging section.
PL-507
110
( P602 cont’d )
values ( P600 = 3 ):
PARAMETERS
index
value
1
height D
H Flume
(as developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation service)
transducer
point of measurement
plan
side
front
» sized by max depth of flume, D. Enter value ( in units of P005 ) into P602.
» approach is preferably rectangular, matching width and depth for
distance 3 to 5 times the depth of the flume.
» may be installed in channels under partial submergence
( ratio of downstream level to head ).
Typically: » 1% error @ 30% submergence
» 3% error @ 50% submergence
» for rated flows under free flow conditions, the head is measured at a
point downstream for the flume entrance.
Flume Size
( D ft )
Point of Measurement
cm
inches
0.5
0.75
5
7
1 3/4
2 3/4
1.0
1.5
9
14
3 3/4
5 1/2
2.0
2.5
18
23
7 1/4
9
3.0
4.5
28
41
10 3/4
16 1/4
» H flumes come with a flat or sloping floor. The same flow table can be
used as error is less than 1%.
PL-507
111
( P602 cont’d )
values ( P600 = 6 ):
index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
value
approach width B
throat width b
hump height p
throat length L
velocity coefficient Cv
discharge coefficient Cd
A
BS-3680 / ISO 4359 Rectagular Flume
3 to 4 x h max
transducer
0
head
h
PL-507
112
p
L
( P602 cont’d )
values ( P600 = 7 ):
1
2
value
notch angle α
discharge coefficient Ce
BS-3680 Thin Plate V Notch Weir
transducer *
4 to 5 x hmax
* The transducer must be above the maximum head by at least the blanking value, P-800.
PL-507
113
PARAMETERS
index
P603 (G) MAX HEAD
Enter the head value associated with Max Flow, in Units (P004).
values:
-999 to 9999 (preset = Span, P007 value)
P604 (G) MAX FLOW
Enter the flowrate associated with Max Head, in any flowrate units (flowrate
units = volume units / time units) using the Time Units (P606).
e.g. If flowrate is to be displayed in 1000’s of L3 / day, and the maximum
flowrate is 376,500 L3 / day, enter 376.5.
values:
-999 to 9999 (preset = 1000)
P605 (G) ZERO HEAD
Enter the distance above Empty (P006) in Units (P005) representing zero
head (and flow).
This feature is used for weirs and flumes (e.g. Palmer Bowlus) whose zero
reference is at a higher elevation than the channel bottom at the point
of measure (transducer location).
values:
-999 to 9999 (preset = 0.000)
P606 (G) TIME UNITS
Enter the Time Units to be used in conjunction with volume units to
derive the desired flowrate units as entered for Max Flow (P604).
This parameter is used only for ratiometric calculations. For devices that
support absolute calculations (P600 = 6 & 7), the time interval is defined
by OCM units (P608).
values:
1 = seconds
2 = minutes
3 = hours
4 = days (preset)
( e.g. litres / second, enter 1)
PL-507
114
P607 (G) FLOWRATE DECIMAL
Enter the maximum number of decimal places to be displayed.
( The max. number of "head" decimal places is controlled by
Decimal Position [ P060 ] ).
values:
0 = no digits after the decimal point
1 = 1 digit after the decimal point
2 = 2 digits after the decimal point
3 = 3 digits after the decimal point
P608
OCM UNITS
This parameter is enabled only if the primary measuring device (P600)
supports absolute calculations.
values:
ratiometric
0 = ratiometric calculation (units defined by P604)
absolute
1 = litres / second
2 = cubic metres / hour
3 = cubic metres / day
4 = cubic feet / second
5 = gallons / minute – imperial
6 = million gallons / day – imperial
7 = gallons / minute – U.S.
8 = million gallons / day – U.S.
PL-507
115
PARAMETERS
In the RUN mode, the number of decimal places displayed is automatically
adjusted (if necessary) to prevent the number of Flowrate digits from
exceeding display capabilities.
Head and Flowrate Breakpoint
When the primary measuring device (P600) does not fit one of the
standard characterizations, it may be programmed for one of two
breakpoint characterizations:
» P600 = 4 : linear
» P600 = 5 : curved
Select the characterization which most closely fits the flow characteristics
of the primary measuring element.
Typical PMD for Breakpoint Characterization
Trapezoidal Flume
isometric
» similar to Parshall Flume except that the floor is flat
bottomed and the walls are sloped.
Dual Range (nested) Parshall Flume
plan
front
» two flumes, a larger on top of the smaller, in order to
handle a larger range of flows.
Weir Profiles
contracted
rectangular
PL-507
compound
116
Poebing
approximate
exponential
Typical Flow Characterization
F
l
o
w
curved
Head
Characterization is achieved by entering the head ( P610 ) and corresponding
flow ( P611 ), either from empirical measurement or from the manufacturer’s
specification. The more breakpoints that are defined, the more accurate will
be the flow measurement. Breakpoints should be concentrated in areas
exhibiting the higher degrees of non linear flow. A maximum of thirty-two
breakpoints can be defined.
P610 (G) HEAD BREAKPOINTS
Enter the head breakpoints * for which flowrate is known.
values:
0.000 to 9999
P611 (G) BREAKPOINT FLOWRATES
Enter the flowrate * corresponding to each Head Breakpoint entered.
values:
0.000 to 9999
* To enter a Head or Flowrate Breakpoint . . .
e.g. breakpoint flowrate,
breakpoint 1,
value blank
Enter the desired value
e.g. 7.5
Scroll (
or
) or direct
access the desired breakpoint.
e.g. breakpoint 2
Refer to TECHNICAL REFERENCE Flow Calculation
for breakpoint value selection assistance.
PL-507
117
PARAMETERS
linear
P620 (G) LOW FLOW CUTOFF
Use this feature to enter the minimum head in units (P005)
or as a percent of span.
Ensure the % symbol is displayed before attempting to enter a value in
PROGRAMMING Keypad).
percent, (see PROGRAMMING
This feature eliminates totalizer activity for flows at or below the cutoff value.
values:
0.000 to 9999 (preset = 5.000 %, or equivalent units)
P621 (G) AUTO ZERO HEAD
Use this feature to calibrate Zero Head (P605), especially if the reported
head is consistently high or low by a fixed amount).
Before using this feature, verify the following parameters are correct:
Empty (P006), Temperature (P664), Offset Reading (P062=0),
Zero Head Offset (P605)
With "head" steady ...
1.
to display the calculated head,
2. Repeat step 1 at least 5 times to verify repeatability,
3. Measure the "actual" head (e.g. with a tape measure or solid rule)
4. Enter the "actual" head value.
The deviation between the entered Empty (P006) value and the calibrated
"Empty" value, is stored in Offset Correction (P650).
values:
PL-507
-999 to 9999
118
TOTALIZER PARAMETERS (P622,P630,P633,P640-P642,P645)
P622 (G) INFLOW / DISCHARGE ADJUST
This parameter selects the method used to calculate the volume pumped,
for "pumped total" Operation (P001 = 7).
values:
1 = inflow * / pump cycle
When the pump is off, the HydroRanger plus estimates the
volume of inflow by recording the rate at which the liquid level
changes. When the pump is operating, the estimated inflow
volume is added to the pumped volume total, as in batch
processing. When the pump stops, the pumped volume of the
previous pump cycle is added to the total volume pumped in
the totalizer.
2 = inflow * ignored
Inflow is assumed to be 0 while pumps are running.
3 = inflow * / rate (preset)
Volume pumped is adjusted for inflow. Inflow rate is estimated
by assuming that the rate calculated (P708) just prior to the
start of the pump cycle remained constant during the pump
cycle. Inflow rate is averaged using rate filter (P704), rate
update time (P705) and rate update distance (P706) to control
how the average rate is calculated.
* or discharge
P623
PUMP TOTAL METHOD
This parameter determines the method used for updating the pumped
volume totalizer.
values:
1 = Volume pumped is calculated from the volume readings at the
start and end of the pump cycle. The result is compensated for
estimated inflow which is added to the total volume change
while pumps are running. Inflow rate is estimated as selected
by the inflow / discharge adjust (P622).
2 = Volume pumped is calculated from the pump rate (P182) for
each pump, and the running time of each pump. Pump rate is
recalculated on each pump cycle, based on the rate of change
of level or volume before and after each pump starts. Accuracy
of the totalizer when using this selection is entirely dependent
on the accuracy of the rate calculation, so the user must ensure
that appropriate settings are entered for pump rate time
(P181), start delay (P132). (preset)
PL-507
119
PARAMETERS
If the 8 digit totalizer display (LCD TOTAL), or a remote totalizer contact closure is
desired, alter the following parameters as required.
P630 (G) LCD TOTAL FACTOR
Use this feature if the LCD Total increments/decrements by too large
(or small) an amount.
Enter the factor (powers of 10 only) by which actual volume is divided,
prior to LCD Total display.
e.g. for an LCD Total display in 1000’s of volume units, enter 3.
values:
-3 = .001
3 = 1000
-2 = .01
4 = 10,000
-1 = .1
5 = 100,000
0 = 1 (preset)
6 = 1,000,000
1 = 10
7 = 10,000,000
2 = 100
If this parameter is changed, reset the totalizers (P322 and P323).
P633 (G) LCD TOTAL DECIMAL
Enter the maximum number of decimal places to be displayed.
In the RUN mode, the number of decimal places displayed is not automatically
adjusted. When the LCD Total value is so large as to exceed display
capabilities, the total "rolls over" to "0" and continues incrementing.
values:
0 = no digits after the decimal point
1 = 1 digit after the decimal point
2 = 2 digits after the decimal point
3 = 3 digits after the decimal point
If this parameter is changed, reset the totalizers (P322 and P323).
P640 (G) REMOTE TOTAL FACTOR
Use this feature if the remote totalizer (device connected to the relay set for
"totalizer operation" Relay Function, P111 = 40), updates too slowly or rapidly.
Enter the factor (powers of 10 only) by which actual volume is divided, prior
to Remote Totalizer count increment.
e.g. for a Remote Totalizer update by 1000’s of volume units, enter 3.
values:
-3 = .001
3 = 1000
-2 = .01
4 = 10,000
-1 = .1
5 = 100,000
0 = 1 (preset)
6 = 1,000,000
1 = 10
7 = 10,000,000
2 = 100
If this parameter is changed, reset the totalizers (P322 and P323).
PL-507
120
07/06/1999
P641 (G) FLOW SAMPLER MANTISSA
Enter the mantissa (X) for the exponent (Y) in the formula...
Flow Sampler Increment = X x 10Y Flow units.
e.g. (To count once every 5000 (5x103) flow units,
set P641 to 5 and P642 to 3)
values:
0.001 to 9999 (preset = 1.000)
P642 (G) FLOW SAMPLER EXPONENT
Use this feature in conjunction with Flow Sampler Mantissa (P641) to
establish the number of flow units required to increment the Flow Sampler
(device connected to the HYDRO+ relay set for the "flow sampler
operation" Relay Function, P111 = 41).
Enter the exponent (Y) for the mantissa (X) in the formula...
Flow Sampler Increment = X x 10Y Flow units.
values:
-3 to +7 (whole numbers only, preset = 0)
P645 (G) RELAY ON TIME
Use this feature (if desired) to adjust the minimum contact closure
duration of a relay set for a "totalizer, flow sampler, or time control"
Relay Function (P111 = 40, 41, or 60).
Enter the minimum contact closure duration (in seconds) required by
the device connected. This value is automatically limited by the Relay C / D
Setpoint (P114 / P115) values.
values:
PL-507
0.0 to 9999 (preset = 0.2)
121
PARAMETERS
Use this feature in conjunction with Flow Sampler Exponent (P642) to
establish the number of flow units required to increment the Flow Sampler
(device connected to the HYDRO+ relay set for the "flow sampler
operation" Relay Function, P111 = 41).
RANGE CALIBRATION PARAMETERS (P650 to P654)
P650
OFFSET CALIBRATION
Use this feature to calibrate Empty (P006), especially if the reported level is
consistently high or low by a fixed amount, (e.g. 2 cm).
Before using this feature, verify the following parameters are correct:
Empty (P006), Temperature (P664), Offset Reading (P062),
Zero Head Offset (P605), if used.
With the level steady ...
1.
to display the calculated space, level, or distance.
2. Repeat step 1 at least 5 times to verify repeatability.
3. Measure the actual space, level, or distance (e.g. with a tape measure).
4. Enter the actual value.
The deviation between the entered Empty (P006) value and the calibrated
"Empty" value, is stored in Offset Correction (P650).
values: -999 to 9999
P651
SOUND VELOCITY CALIBRATION
Use this feature if:
a) The acoustic beam atmosphere is other than "air".
b) The acoustic beam atmosphere temperature is unknown.
c) The Reading accuracy is acceptable at higher material levels only.
With the level steady at some low value...
1. Allow sufficient time for the vapour concentration to stabilize.
2.
to display the calculated space, level, or distance.
3. Repeat step 2 at least 5 times to verify repeatability.
4. Measure the actual space, level, or distance (e.g. with a tape measure).
5. Enter the actual value.
(Velocity parameters P653 and P654 are adjusted accordingly).
Repeat this procedure if the atmosphere type, concentration,
or temperature varies from that present when the last sound
velocity calibration was performed.
values:
PL-507
-999 to 9999
122
P652
OFFSET CORRECTION
This value is altered when an Offset Calibration is performed.
values:
P653
-999 to 9999
VELOCITY
This value is adjusted, based on the "Sound Velocity at 20 °C (P654) vs.
Temperature (P664) characteristics of air".
Alternatively, enter the current sound velocity (if known), or perform a
Sound Velocity Calibration (P651).
The units used are m/s if P005 = 1, 2, or 3 (ft/s if P005 = 4 or 5).
values: 50.01 to 2001 m/s (164.1 to 6563 ft/s)
P654
VELOCITY AT 20 °C
This value is used to automatically calculate Sound Velocity (P653).
After performing a Sound Velocity Calibration, check this value to verify the
acoustic beam atmosphere is "air" (344.1 m/s or 1129 ft/s).
Alternatively, if the acoustic beam atmosphere sound velocity at 20°C (68 °F)
is known, and the sound velocity vs. temperature characteristics are similar
to that of "air", enter the sound velocity.
The units used are m/s if P005 = 1, 2, or 3 (or ft/s if P005 = 4 or 5).
values:
PL-507
50.01 to 2001 m/s (164.1 to 6563 ft/s)
123
PARAMETERS
Alternatively, if the amount of Offset Correction required is known, enter the
amount to be added to the Reading before display.
TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION PARAMETERS (P660 to P664)
P660
TEMP SOURCE
This feature is preset to "AUTO".
The HYDRO+ measures the TS-3 temperature sensor assigned to the
transducer. If a TS-3 sensor is not connected, the temperature measurement
from the ultrasonic/temperature transducer is used. If the transducer used
does not have an internal temperature sensor, the Temp Fixed (P661)
value is used.
If the acoustic beam atmosphere temperature varies with distance from the
transducer, connect a TS-3 Temperature Sensor and ultrasonic/ temperature
transducers, and select "average".
values:
1 = AUTO
2 = Temp Fixed
3 = Ultrasonic/Temperature Transducer
4 = TS-3 Temperature Sensor
5 = Average
P661
TEMP FIXED
Use this feature if a temperature sensing device is not used.
Enter the temperature (in °C) of the atmosphere within the transducer
acoustic beam. If the temperature varies with distance from the transducer,
enter the average temperature.
values:
P662
PL-507
-50 to 150 (preset = 20 °C)
reserved
124
P663
TEMPERATURE TRANSDUCER ALLOCATION
As preset, the temperature measurements of Ultrasonic / Temperature
Transducer # 1 and 2 are allocated to Point Number 1 and 2 respectively.
Use this feature (if desired) if the temperature measurement from both
transducers should be identical, however one transducer is mounted in direct
sunlight (or near some other radiant heat source). Allocate the temperature
measurement of the other transducer to both transducer Point Numbers.
Enter the Transducer Number whose temperature measurement will be
used for the distance calculation of the Point Number displayed.
When both transducers are allocated to a Point Number, the temperature
measurements from each transducer are averaged.
values:
1 = Transducer # 1
2 = Transducer # 2
1.2 = Transducer # 1 and 2 average
P664 (V) TEMPERATURE
View the transducer acoustic beam atmosphere temperature in °C.
This is the value displayed when
is pressed in the RUN mode.
If Temp Source (P660) is set to any value other than Fixed Temp, the value
displayed is the temperature measured. If Temp Source is set to Fixed
Temp, the P661 value is displayed.
values:
PL-507
-50 to 150
125
PARAMETERS
This feature may only be used for "differential" or "average"
Operation (P001 = 4 or 5).
RATE PARAMETERS (P700 to P707)
P700
MAX FILL RATE
Adjust the HYDRO+ response to increases in the actual material level
(or advance to a higher Failsafe Material Level, P071).
Enter a value slightly greater than the maximum vessel filling rate.
This value, in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute, is automatically
altered when Measurement Response (P003) is altered.
values:
P701
0.000 to 9999
MAX EMPTY RATE
Adjust the HYDRO+ response to decreases in the actual material level
(or advance to a lower Failsafe Material Level, P071).
Enter a value slightly greater than the maximum vessel emptying rate.
This value, in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute, is automatically
altered when Measurement Response (P003) is altered.
values:
P702
0.000 to 9999
FILLING INDICATOR
Enter the fill rate required to activate the LCD Filling indicator.
This value (in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute) is automatically
set to 10% of the Max Fill Rate (P700).
values:
P703
-999 to 9999
EMPTYING INDICATOR
Enter the empty rate required to activate the LCD Emptying indicator.
This value (in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute) is automatically
set to 10% of the Max Empty Rate (P701) .
values:
PL-507
-999 to 9999
126
P704
RATE FILTER
This value is automatically altered when Measurement Response (P003)
is altered. See TECHNICAL
Measurement Response.
TECHNICALREFERENCE
REFERENCE
This value automatically alters the Rate Update Time (P705) and / or Rate
Update Distance (P706). Alternatively, these parameter values may be
altered independently.
Enter the time period/distance over which the Rate Value is to be
averaged before display update.
values:
0 = rate display not required
1 = continuously averaged and updated
2 = 1 minute or 50 mm (2 in)
3 = 5 minutes or 100 mm (3.9 in)
4 = 10 minutes or 300 mm (11.8 in)
5 = 10 minutes or 1000 mm (39.4 in)
P705
RATE UPDATE TIME
Enter the time period (in seconds) over which the material level rate of
change is averaged before Rate Value update.
values:
P706
0.000 to 9999
RATE UPDATE DISTANCE
Enter the material level change (in metres) to initiate a Rate Value update.
values:
0.000 to 9999
P707 (V) RATE VALUE
View the rate of material level change (in Units (P005) or % of
Span (P007) per minute).
(A negative rate indicates the vessel is emptying).
This is the value displayed when
values:
P708
is pressed in the RUN mode.
0.000 to 9999
VOLUME RATE DISPLAY
Displays the rate of change of volume in ‘percent of maximum volume’ per
minute. This value is used internally to calculate inflow in pumped volume
applications (P622 = 3 and P623 = 1).
to toggle between percent and volume.
PL-507
127
PARAMETERS
Use this feature to avoid Rate Value (P707) fluctuations due to a
"splashing" material surface.
MEASUREMENT VERIFICATION PARAMETERS (P710 to P713)
P710
FUZZ FILTER
Use this feature to stabilize the reported level, due to level fluctuations (such
as a rippling or splashing liquid surface), within the Echo Lock Window (P713).
This value (in % of Span, P007) is automatically altered when Measurement
Response (P003) is altered.
The higher the value entered, the greater the fluctuation stabilized.
values:
P711
0 to 100 (0 = off)
ECHO LOCK
Use this feature to select the measurement verification process.
If a material agitator (mixer) is used in the vessel monitored, set Echo Lock
for "maximum verification" or "material agitator", to avoid agitator blade
detection. Ensure the agitator is always "on" while the HYDRO+ is monitoring
the vessel, to avoid stationary blade detection.
When set for "max verification or material agitator", a new measurement
outside of the Echo Lock Window (P713), must meet the sampling
criterion (P712).
For "total lock", Echo Lock Window (P713) is preset to "0". The HYDRO+
continuously searches for the best echo according to the algorithm chosen
(P820). If the selected echo is within the window, the window is then centered
about the echo. If not, the window widens with each successive shot until
the selected echo is within the window. The window then returns to its
normal width.
When Echo Lock is "off", the HYDRO+ responds immediately to a new
measurement as restricted by the Max Fill / Empty Rate (P700 / P701),
however measurement reliability is affected.
values:
0 = off
1 = maximum verification
2 = material agitator
3 = total lock
PL-507
128
P712
ECHO LOCK SAMPLING
P711 value
P712 preset value
1, max verification
5:5
2, material agitator
5:2
e.g. :
P711 = 2, material agitator
P712 = 5:2
a new reading will not be validated unless 5 consecutive
measurements higher or 2 consecutive measurements lower
than the current reading occurs.
values: x.y
x= # of ‘above’ echoes
y = # of ‘below’ echoes
Resetting P711 returns P712 to the respective preset values.
P713
ECHO LOCK WINDOW
Use this feature to adjust the new measurement change permitted
before Echo Lock is applied.
This value is automatically altered when Measurement Response (P003),
Max Fill Rate (P700) or Max Empty Rate (P701) is altered.
The Echo Lock Window is a "distance window" (in Units, P005), placed
about the echo used to derive the Reading. When a new measurement falls
within the window, the window is recentered and the new Reading is
calculated. Otherwise, the new measurement is verified by Echo Lock (P711)
before the HYDRO+ updates the Reading.
When "0" is entered, the window is automatically calculated each time a
measurement is made. The calculation is based on the Max Fill/Empty Rate
(P700 / P701), (dependent upon current vessel filling / emptying activity), and
the time since the last valid echo was processed.
For slower Measurement Response (P003) values, the calculated Echo Lock
Window is narrow. For faster values the window becomes increasingly wider.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999
129
PARAMETERS
The sampling criterion sets the number of consecutive echoes appearing
above or below the echo currently locked onto, that must occur before the
measurements are validated as the new reading (for Echo Lock P711
values: 1 or 2).
SCANNING PARAMETERS (P726 to P728)
P726 (G) LEVEL SYSTEM SYNC
Use this feature if another level measurement system is mounted
near the HYDRO+.
See INSTALLATION Interconnection/Level System Synchronization.
values:
0 = not required
1 = synchronize level monitors (preset)
P727 (G) SCAN DELAY
This feature may only be used for "differential" or "average" Operation
(P001 = 4 or 5), to adjust the delay before the next point is scanned.
Enter the amount of delay in seconds. This value is automatically altered
when Measurement Response (P003) is altered.
values:
P728
-999 to 9999
SHOT DELAY
Use this feature if transient acoustic noise within the vessel is causing
measurement difficulties.
Enter the delay (in seconds) between transmit pulse shots.
values:
P729
0.1 to 4.0 (preset = 0.5 seconds)
SCAN TIME
View the elapsed time (in seconds) since the point displayed was last
scanned. This value may be viewed as an Auxiliary Reading in the RUN
mode, and is particularly useful when "differential" or "average" Operation
(P001 = 4 or 5) is selected.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999
130
DISPLAY PARAMETERS (P730 to P733, P740)
Use this feature to display operator selected Auxiliary Readings
temporarily or indefinitely (as desired).
Select "OFF" to display Auxiliary Readings temporarily. Select "HOLd" to
display Auxiliary Readings until another Auxiliary Reading is selected.
OPERATION Keypad for RUN mode Auxiliary Reading selection.)
(See OPERATION
To select the Auxiliary Reading operation desired...
1.
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol.
2.
or
to access the "OFF" or "HOLd" option desired.
3.
If desired, also enter the Parameter Number to default in the
Auxiliary Reading display.
values:
000 to 999
P731 (G) AUXILIARY READING KEY
Enter the Parameter Number whose value is to be displayed in
the Auxiliary Reading field when...
is pressed in the RUN mode.
OPERATION Keypad for RUN mode Auxiliary Reading selection.)
(See OPERATION
values:
PL-507
000 to 999 (preset to Material Reading, P921)
131
PARAMETERS
P730 (G) AUXILIARY READING
P732 (G) DISPLAY DELAY
Adjusts the Point Number display scroll speed.
Use this feature (if desired) when "differential" or "average" Operation
(P001 = 4 or 5) is selected, to adjust the delay (in seconds) before the
display advances to the next Point Number.
(Display scrolling is independent from transducer scanning.)
values:
0.5 to 10 (preset to 1.5 seconds)
P733 (G) SCROLL ACCESS
Use this feature to select the parameter scroll access option desired.
Select:
"off" to scroll access all parameters (P000 to P999).
"smart" for Quick Start, altered, and tagged parameters.
"tagged" to scroll access operator tagged parameters only.
(
to tag / untag any accessed parameter).
is displayed to indicate the parameter accessed is tagged.
values:
0 = off
1 = smart (preset)
2 = tagged
PL-507
132
ECHO PROCESSING PARAMETERS (P800 to P807)
NEAR BLANKING
Use this feature if the surface monitored is incorrectly reported to
be near the transducer face.
Near Blanking (the distance from the transducer face which is not
ultrasonically measurable) is preset to a value depending on the
transducer selected (P004).
blanking
0.3 m (1.0 ft)
0.45 m (1.5 ft)
transducer
ST-25, ST-50, ST-H, XPS-10, XPS-15
XCT-8, XCT-12
Extend Near Blanking to overcome measurement difficulties which cannot
be corrected by transducer relocation, mounting, or aiming.
The causes of measurement difficulties which may be corrected include:
» a vessel obstruction partly blocking the transducer acoustic beam.
» a transducer standpipe mount that is too narrow for its length.
» a transducer mounting which is resonant at the transducer frequency.
Extend Near Blanking 150 mm (6 in) beyond the incorrect distance reported.
Do not reduce Near Blanking to less than the preset value.
Ensure Near Blanking is less than Empty (P006) - Span (P007).
values: 0.000 to 9999
P801
RANGE EXTENSION
Use this feature if the surface monitored is incorrectly reported when the
material level is lower than Empty (P006).
Range Extension (the distance beyond Empty which is still ultrasonically
measurable) is preset to 20% of Span (P007).
Ensure the % Symbol is displayed before attempting to enter a % of Span
value. (See PROGRAMMING Keypad).
If the surface monitored can extend beyond Empty (P006), increase Range
Extension (in Units (P005) or % of Span) such that Empty plus Range
Extension is greater than the transducer face to furthest surface to be
monitored distance.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999
133
PARAMETERS
P800
P802
SUBMERGENCE TRANSDUCER
Use this feature (if desired) when the transducer connected is equipped
with a submergence shield.
When the transducer is submerged, the HYDRO+ detects that the monitored
surface is within the Near Blanking (P800) distance, and immediately
advances to " zero " distance, operating displays and outputs accordingly.
values:
0 = off (preset)
1 = submergence transducer
P803
SHOT / PULSE MODE
Use this feature (if desired) to increase HYDRO+ response when the
monitored surface is close to the transducer face.
Select "short and long" to have short and long acoustic shots fired for
each measurement, regardless of the transducer to surface distance.
Select "short" to have only short shots fired if the Echo Confidence (P805)
produced by a short shot exceeds the short Confidence Threshold (P804)
and the monitored surface is within the Short Shot Range (P852).
values:
1 = short
2 = short and long (preset)
PL-507
134
P804
CONFIDENCE THRESHOLD
Use this feature when an incorrect material level is reported.
values:
x.y x = short (0 to 99),
y = long (0 to 99)
P805 (V) ECHO CONFIDENCE
Use this feature to monitor the effect of transducer aiming, location, and
mechanical transducer / mounting isolation.
Both short and long shot Echo Confidence is displayed. (To display this
value in the RUN mode,
for 4 seconds).
Display
Description
"x:--"
short shot confidence value, (long shot not used).
"--:y"
long shot confidence value, (short shot not used).
"x:y"
short and long shot confidence values (both used).
"E"
transducer cable is open or short circuited.
"--:--"
no shots were processed for Sonic IntelligenceTM evaluation.
values:
x:y x = short (0 to 99),
y = long (0 to 99)
P806 (V) ECHO STRENGTH
Use this feature to view the strength (in dB above 1 uV RMS) of the echo
selected to base the distance calculation upon.
values:
0 to 99
P807 (V) NOISE
Observe the average and peak ambient noise (in dB above 1 uV RMS)
being processed.
The noise level is a combination of transient acoustic noise and electrical
noise (induced into the transducer cable or receiving circuitry).
values:
PL-507
x.y x = average (-99 to 99),
135
y = peak (-99 to 99)
PARAMETERS
The short and long shot Confidence Thresholds are preset to 10 and 5
respectively. When Echo Confidence (P805) exceeds the Confidence
Threshold, the echo is evaluated by Sonic IntelligenceTM.
ADVANCED ECHO PROCESSING PARAMETERS (P810,P816-P825)
The following parameters are for authorized Milltronics Service personnel
or Instrumentation Technicians familiar with Milltronics echo
processing techniques.
P810
SCOPE DISPLAYS
Use this feature to monitor Echo Processing alteration effects.
Connect an oscilloscope to Display Board TP1, TP2, and TP3.
Sweep = 10 us / div. to 1 ms / div. (x 100 for real time)
Amplitude = 1 V / div.
Trigger = external
Observe any combination of the following Scope Displays:
DISPLAY
DISPLAY SYMBOL
P C
n u
Echo Profile
TVT Curve
Echo Marker
Echo Lock Window
To select the Scope Display desired...
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol,
or
to scroll access the desired Reading display symbols.
with the desired display symbols displayed.
Alternatively, a 4 digit binary value may be entered, where a "0" turns
the associated signal display "off", and a "1" turns the display "on".
e.g. 1110 = PCn_ = Echo Profile, TVT Curve, and Echo Marker
displays on, Echo Lock Window display off.
See TECHNICAL
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
REFERENCE Echo Processing for illustration.
Use the Scope Displays after
(in the program mode)
to observe the result of Echo Processing parameter alterations.
(Take several measurements to verify measurement repeatability
and overcome Echo Lock (P711) restrictions).
As preset, all displays are off.
P816 (V) ECHO TIME
Observe the time (in ms) from the transmit pulse to the echo processed.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999
136
PROFILE POINTER PARAMETERS
To move the Profile Pointer to a specific point, enter the desired value. The Profile
Pointer will move to the nearest acceptable Echo Profile point. The Profile Pointer is
preset to "0".
Alternatively, to scroll the Profile Pointer along the Echo Profile...
1.
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol,
2.
or
to move the Profile Pointer to the left or right respectively.
When the Profile Pointer Parameters are exited and
is pressed or the RUN mode
is entered, the Profile Pointer display automatically changes back to the Echo Lock
Window display.
P817 (V) PROFILE POINTER TIME
Observe the time (in ms) from the transmit pulse to the Profile Pointer.
values:
0.000 to 9999
P818 (V) PROFILE POINTER DISTANCE
Observe the distance (in P005 Units) between the transducer
face and the Profile Pointer.
values:
0.000 to 9999
P819 (V) PROFILE POINTER AMPLITUDE
Observe the amplitude (in dB above 1 uV) of the Echo Profile at the
Profile Pointer position.
values:
PL-507
0 to 99
137
PARAMETERS
When a Profile Pointer Parameter is accessed, the Echo Lock Window scope display
changes to a Profile Pointer display. The Profile Pointer may be moved to a number of
points on the Echo Profile, to gain specific information dependent upon the Profile
Pointer Parameter used.
P820
ALGORITHM
Use this feature to select the Algorithm(s) (mathematical operations) which
the Sonic IntelligenceTM echo selection is to be based on.
If the wrong echo is processed, select an alternate algorithm, while
observing the resultant echo processing displays.
To select an Algorithm...
1.
2.
3.
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol,
or
to display the desired Reading display symbol(s),
(when the desired Algorithm is displayed)
Alternatively, enter the value desired.
values:
P821
1 = ALF
= flat Area, Largest, and First average
2=A
= flat Area only
3=L
= flat Largest only
4=F
= flat First only
5 = AL
= flat Area and Largest average
6 = AF
= flat Area and First average
7 = LF
= flat Largest and First average
8 = bLF
= smooth Largest or First (preset)
9 = bL
= smooth Largest only
10 = bF
= smooth First only
SPIKE FILTER
Activate the Spike Filter if interference spikes are observed on the long
shot Echo Profile display.
values:
0 = off
1 = on (preset)
P822
NARROW ECHO FILTER
Use this feature, when monitoring solids (P002 = 2) only, if transducer
acoustic beam interference (e.g. ladder rungs) is processed.
Enter the width of false echoes (in ms), to be removed from the long shot
Echo Profile.
When a value is keyed in, the nearest acceptable value is entered.
values:
PL-507
0 = off (preset),
greater = wider
138
P823
REFORM ECHO
Enter the amount (in ms) of long shot Echo Profile smoothing required to
eliminate jagged peaks in the Echo Profile.
When a value is keyed in, the nearest acceptable value is entered.
values:
P825
0 = off (preset), greater = wider
ECHO MARKER TRIGGER
Use this feature if the reported material level fluctuates slightly, due to a
variable rise in the leading edge of the true echo on the Echo Profile.
Enter the value (in percent of echo height) to ensure the Echo Lock Window
intersects the Echo Profile at the sharpest rising portion of the Echo Profile
representing the true echo. This value is preset to 50%.
values:
PL-507
5 to 95
139
PARAMETERS
Use this feature, when monitoring solids (P002 = 2), if the reported level
fluctuates slightly, though the monitored surface is still).
ADVANCED TVT ADJUSTMENT (P830 to P835)
P830
TVT TYPE
Use this feature to select the TVT Curve desired.
This feature is automatically altered when Material (P002) is altered. Do not
use "TVT Slopes" with the "bF" or "bLF" Algorithm (P820).
values:
1 = TVT Short Curved
2 = TVT Short Flat
3 = TVT Long Flat
4 = TVT Long Smooth Front
5 = TVT Long Smooth
6 = TVT Slopes
P831
TVT SHAPER
Use this feature to turn the TVT Shaper "on" or "off".
Turn the TVT Shaper "on" before altering TVT Shaper Adjust. After using
TVT Shaper Adjust (to avoid a false echo or pick up the true echo), turn the
TVT Shaper "on" and "off" while monitoring the effect.
values:
0 = off
1 = on
P832
TVT SHAPER ADJUST
Use this feature to bias the shape of the TVT curve, in order to avoid it
crossing false echoes from fixed objects.
Adjustment to this parameter is best done while viewing the echo profile on
an oscilloscope (refer to P810). When using an oscilloscope, the Echo Lock
Window display becomes the TVT Curve Pointer.
The TVT curve is divided into 40 breakpoints, accessible by enabling the
point number as the breakpoint index field. Each breakpoint is normalized to
a value of 0, as displayed in the parameter value field. By changing the
breakpoint value, up or down, the intensity of the bias applied to that
breakpoint of the curve is respectively changed. By changing the value of
adjacent breakpoints, the effective bias to the shaper can be broadened to
suit the desired correction. In the case of multiple false echoes, shaping can
be applied along different points of the curve. Shaping should be applied
sparingly in order to avoid missing the true echo.
To change a breakpoint ...
e.g. index, breakpoint 1, value 0
selects the Auxiliary function
auxiliary function
PL-507
140
And,
changes the bias value of
the breakpoint, -50 to 50
e.g. breakpoint 5, value
enters the change in value.
P831, TVT shaper, must be ‘on’.
P833
TVT START MIN
Use this feature to adjust the TVT Curve height to ignore false echoes
(or pick up true echoes) near the start of the Echo Profile.
Enter the minimum TVT Curve start point (in dB above 1 uV RMS).
This feature should only be used if increased Near Blanking (P800) would
extend farther than desired into the measurement range.
values:
P834
-30 to 225
(preset = 45)
TVT START DURATION
Use this feature in conjunction with TVT Start Min (P833) to ignore false
echoes (or pick up true echoes) near the start of the Echo Profile.
Enter the time (in ms) for the TVT Curve to decrease from the TVT Start
Min (P833) point to the TVT Curve baseline.
values:
P835
0 to 9999
(preset = 30)
TVT SLOPE MIN
Enter the minimum slope (in dB/s) for the middle of the TVT Curve.
This feature (preset to 200) is used in conjunction with TVT Start Duration
(when a long flat TVT Type is selected) to ensure the TVT Curve remains
above false echoes which appear in the middle of the Echo Profile.
Alternatively, if TVT Type is set for "TVT Slopes" (P830 = 6), this value is
preset to 2000. Use this feature to adjust the slope declination, as required.
values: 0 to 9999
PL-507
(preset = 200)
141
PARAMETERS
scrolls the breakpoint index
through points 1 to 40, and
moves the curve pointer left
or right respectively.
e.g. oscilloscope displays breakpoint 5,
ADVANCED SHOT ADJUSTMENT (P840-P845, P850 to P852)
P840
SHORT SHOT NUMBER
Enter the number of short shots to be fired (and results averaged)
per transmit pulse.
values:
P841
0 to 100
LONG SHOT NUMBER
Enter the number of long shots to be fired (and results averaged) per
transmit pulse.
This value is automatically altered by Measurement Response (P003).
values:
P842
0 to 200
SHORT SHOT FREQUENCY
Adjust the short shot transmit pulse frequency (in kHz).
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
values:
P843
10.00 to 60.00
LONG SHOT FREQUENCY
Adjust the long shot transmit pulse frequency (in kHz).
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
values:
P844
10.00 to 60.00
SHORT SHOT WIDTH
Adjust the width (in ms) of the short shot transmit pulse.
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
values:
P845
0.000 to 5.000
LONG SHOT WIDTH
Adjust the width (in ms) of the long shot transmit pulse.
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 5.000
142
P850
SHORT SHOT BIAS
values:
P851
0 to 100
SHORT SHOT FLOOR
Enter the minimum echo strength (in dB above 1 uV), derived from a short
shot, to be considered for evaluation. This feature is preset to 50.
values: 0 to 100
P852
SHORT SHOT RANGE
Enter the maximum distance in Units (P005) to be measured using
short shot echoes.
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 9999
143
PARAMETERS
Use this feature to slant the echo evaluation in favour of the short shot echo
when both short and long shots are evaluated (see Shot Mode, P803). This
feature is preset to 20.
TEST PARAMETERS (P900 to P913)
Test Parameters are intended for use by Milltronics Service personnel.
P900 (V) SOFTWARE REV. #
View the EPROM Rev. # without removing the enclosure lid.
values:
00.00 to 99.99
P901 (V) MEMORY
to activate the HYDRO+ memory test.
values:
PASS (memory test successful)
F1 = RAM
F3 = EEPROM
F2 = NOVRAM
F4 = EPROM
P902 (V) WATCHDOG
to reset the microprocessor.
On successful completion (10 seconds) the RUN mode is entered.
P903 (V) DISPLAY
to activate the display test.
All LCD segments and symbols are temporarily displayed.
P904 (G) KEYPAD
Press each keypad key in the following sequence:
As each key is pressed, the associated keypad number is displayed. On
successful test completion, "PASS" is displayed. "FAIL" is displayed if a key
is pressed out of sequence or the programmer keypad malfunctions.
P905
TRANSMIT PULSE
to supply repeated transmit pulses to the transducer and / or
view the transducer operating frequency (automatically altered by (P004)
Transducer) for the Point Number displayed.
This feature may be used to monitor the transmit pulse with an oscilloscope
connected to the transducer terminals.
values:
PL-507
10.00 to 60.00
144
P907
PROGRAMMER INTERFACE
On successful test completion, "PASS" is displayed. Otherwise, "FAIL"
is displayed.
P910
RELAY
Access this parameter to display the current state of the specified relay.
to alter the relay state (energized / de-energized) or enter
the value corresponding to the specific relay state desired.
values:
0 = de-energized
1 = energized
P911
mA OUTPUT VALUE
Access this parameter to display the current value of the mA output.
Additionally, this feature may be used to enter a desired value. The mA
output immediately assumes the value entered regardless of any
restrictions programmed.
values:
P912
0.000 to 25.00
TRANSDUCER TEMPERATURE
Use this feature to display the temperature in ° C (as monitored by the
connected transducer). "Err" is displayed if the transducer is not equipped
with an internal temperature sensor.
values:
P913
-50 to 150
SENSOR TEMPERATURE
Access this parameter to display the temperature in ° C (as monitored by
the TS-3). "OPEn" is displayed if a TS-3 is not connected.
values:
P914
-50 to 150
mA INPUT
Use this feature to display the mA input value (in mA).
values:
PL-507
0.000 to 22.00
145
PARAMETERS
to activate the programmer interface (two way infrared
communications) test.
MEASUREMENT PARAMETERS (P920 to P926)
Use these features to verify HYDRO+ programming.
If HYDRO+ operation has not been verified, disable all associated process
control equipment before accessing the following parameters.
Access the parameter desired and press
; repeat 5 times to overcome Echo Lock
(P711), if applicable. The associated Reading is displayed in the Parameter Value
field, and the mA output and "alarm" relays are set accordingly.
"Pump" and "control" relays are held "off" (however the relay display symbols are
active) unless Lock is set for "Simulation Controls" (P000 = -1).
To start a (P920, P921, P922, or P923) simulation (from level = 0)...
to simulate level rise and fall at 1% of Span / second.
Use the
and
keys to adjust the simulated rate of rise or fall.
Rise at 4% of Span/second
or
Rise at 1% of Span/second
or
STOP
or
Fall at 1% of Span/second
or
Fall at 4% of Span/second
To verify Reading calculations (P920 to P926)...
1. Key in a material level in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007).
2.
, calculated Reading is displayed.
3. Verify the calculated Reading.
To start a simulation from the level entered,
or
.
PROGRAMMING Keypad).
(Display the % symbol before entering a % value, see PROGRAMMING
PL-507
146
P920
READING MEASUREMENT
P921
PARAMETERS
The Reading corresponds to all associated programming after
is pressed or during simulation.
MATERIAL MEASUREMENT
The Reading corresponds to the distance between Empty (P006) and the
monitored surface after
is pressed, or during simulation.
P922
SPACE MEASUREMENT
The Reading corresponds to the distance between the monitored surface
and Span (P007) after
is pressed, or during simulation.
P923
DISTANCE MEASUREMENT
The Reading corresponds to the distance between the monitored surface
and the transducer face, after
is pressed or during simulation.
P924
VOLUME MEASUREMENT
The Reading corresponds to the calculated vessel capacity utilized
(not remaining), after
is pressed, displayed in Max Volume (P051)
units or % of Max Volume.
P925
FLOW MEASUREMENT
The Reading corresponds to the calculated flowrate, after
in Max Flow (P604) units or % of Max Flow.
P926
is pressed,
HEAD MEASUREMENT
The Reading corresponds to Head (the distance from Min Head (P605)
to the monitored surface), after
is pressed, in Units (P005) or % of
Span (P007).
P927
DISTANCE PERCENT
Same as P923, plus alternate reading in %
PL-507
147
.
MASTER RESET (P999)
P999
MASTER RESET
This feature resets all parameters to original values.
Use this feature prior to initial programming if arbitrary Parameter Values
were used during a "bench test", or after replacing the HYDRO+ EPROM
with a different software revision number.
Following a Master Reset, complete reprogramming is required.
To perform a Master Reset...
"C.ALL" is displayed until the reset is complete.
PL-507
148
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
TRANSMIT PULSE
The HYDRO+ transmit pulse consists of one or more electrical "shot" pulses, which
are supplied to the Transducer connected to the HYDRO+ terminals.
The transducer fires an acoustic "shot" for each electrical pulse supplied. After each
shot is fired, sufficient time is provided for echo (shot reflection) reception, before the
next (if applicable) shot is fired. After all shots of the transmit pulse are fired, the
resultant echoes are processed.
ECHO PROCESSING
Echo processing consists of echo enhancement, true echo selection, and selected
echo verification.
Echo Enhancement is achieved by filtering (P821 and P822) and reforming (P823) the
echo profile (P810).
The true echo (echo reflected by the intended target) is selected when that portion of
the echo profile meets the evaluation criteria of Sonic IntelligenceTM.
Insignificant portions of the echo profile outside of the measurement range (Span
P006 + Range Extension P801), below the TVT Curve (P830, and P832 to P835), and
less than the Confidence Threshold (P804) and Short Shot Floor (P851) are
automatically disregarded.
The remaining portions of the Echo Profile are evaluated using the Algorithm (P820)
and Short Shot Bias (P850). The Echo Profile portion providing the best Echo
Confidence (P805), is selected.
True echo verification is automatic. The position (relation in time after transmit) of the
"new" echo, to the previously accepted echo position, is compared. When the new
echo is within the Echo Lock Window (P713), it is accepted and displays, outputs, and
relays are updated per the Fuzz Filter (P710) and Rate Parameters (P700 to P703). If
the new echo is outside of the Echo Lock Window, it is not accepted until Echo Lock
(P711) requirements are satisfied.
SCOPE DISPLAYS (P810)
Span ( P007 ) +
Range Extension (801)
TVT Curve
Echo Lock
Window
Echo Profile
Echo
Marker
Near Blanking
( P800 )
msec x 100
PL-507
149
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
The transmit pulse shot number, frequency, duration, delay, and associated
measurement range are defined by parameters P803 and P840 to P852.
DISTANCE CALCULATION
To calculate the transducer to material level (object) distance, the transmission
medium (atmosphere) sound velocity (P653) is multiplied by the acoustic transmission
to reception time period. This result is divided by 2 to calculate the "one way" distance.
Distance =
Sound Velocity x Time
2
The Reading displayed is the result of performing any additional modification to the
calculated distance (as determined by Operation P001, Units P005, Volume
Conversion, P050 to P054, Reading, P060 to P063, OCM, P600 to P611, and/or
Totalizer P622 to P633 parameters).
SOUND VELOCITY
The sound velocity of the transmission medium is affected by the type, temperature,
and vapour pressure of the gas or vapour present. As preset, the HYDRO+ assumes
the vessel atmosphere is air at 20 °C (68 °F). Unless altered, the sound velocity used
for the distance calculation is 344.1 m / s (1129 ft / s).
Variable air temperature is automatically compensated when a Milltronics ultrasonic /
temperature transducer is used. If the transducer is exposed to direct sunlight, use a
sunshield or better yet, a seperate TS-3 temperature sensor.
Also, if the temperature varies between the transducer face and the liquid monitored,
use a TS-3 temperature sensor, (submerged in the liquid) in combination with an
ultrasonic / temperature transducer. Set Temp Source (P660) for "both", to average
the transducer and TS-3 temperature measurements.
Atmosphere composition other than air can pose a challenge for ultrasonic level
measurement. However, excellent results may be obtained if the atmosphere is
homogeneous (well mixed), at a fixed temperature, and consistent vapour pressure,
by performing a Sound Velocity Calibration (P651).
The HYDRO+ automatic temperature compensation is based on the sound velocity /
temperature characteristics of "air" and may not be suitable for the atmosphere
present. If the atmosphere temperature is variable, perform frequent Sound Velocity
Calibrations to maintain optimum measurement accuracy.
Sound Velocity calibration frequency may be determined with experience. If the sound
velocity in two or more vessels is always similar, future calibrations may be performed
on one vessel and the resultant Velocity (P653) entered directly for the other vessel(s).
If the sound velocity of a vessel atmosphere is found to be repeatable at specific
temperatures, a chart or curve may be developed. Then, rather than performing a
Sound Velocity Calibration each time the vessel temperature changes significantly,
the anticipated Velocity (P-653) may be entered directly.
PL-507
150
SCANNING
When the HYDRO+ is programmed for "differential" or "average" level Operation
(P001 = 4 or 5), two transducers must be used. In this case, the transmit pulse is time
INSTALLATION
shared between the transducers via the "Scanner" relay. See INSTALLATION
Interconnection \ Transducer, and PARAMETERS
PARAMETERS Relay Function (P111).
When echo processing is complete, (if more than 1 vessel is monitored) the scanning
relay changes state to supply the transmit pulse to the other transducer after the Scan
Delay (P727).
PL-507
151
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
Scan Delay is automatically set by Measurement Response (P003). When high speed
scanning is required (sometimes the case for equipment position monitoring), the
Scan Delay may be reduced. Reduce the Scan Delay only as required, otherwise
premature scanning relay fatigue could occur.
VOLUME CALCULATION
The HYDRO+ provides a variety of volume calculation features (P050 to P055).
If the vessel does not match any of the 8 preset Tank Shape calculations, a Universal
Volume calculation may be used. Use the level/volume graph or chart provided by the
vessel fabricator (or create one based on the vessel dimensions).
Based on the graph, choose the Universal Volume calculation, and select the level vs
volume breakpoints to be entered (32 max). Generally, the more breakpoints entered,
the greater the volume calculation accuracy.
Universal, Linear (P050 = 9)
This volume calculation creates a piece-wise linear approximation of the level/volume
curve. This option provides best results if the curve has sharp angles joining relatively
linear sections.
volume
level
Enter a Level Breakpoint at each point where the level/volume curve bends sharply (2
minimum).
For combination curves (mostly linear but include 1 or more arcs), enter numerous
breakpoints along the arc, for best volume calculation accuracy.
Universal, Curved (P050 = 10)
This calculation creates a cubic spline approximation of the level/volume curve,
providing best results if the curve is non-linear, and there are no sharp angles.
volume
level
Select at least enough breakpoints from the curve to satisfy the following:
» 2 breakpoints very near the minimum level
» 1 breakpoint at the tangent points of each arc
» 1 breakpoint at each arc apex
» 2 breakpoints very near the maximum level
For combination curves, enter at least 2 breakpoints immediately before and after any
sharp angle (as well as 1 breakpoint exactly at the angle) on the curve.
PL-507
152
FLOW CALCULATION
The HYDRO+ provides numerous OCM flow calculation features (P600 to P611).
If the PMD (primary measuring device) does not match any of the 8 preset PMD
calculations, or if a PMD is not used, select a Universal Volume calculation. Use the
head/flow graph or chart provided by the PMD fabricator (or create one based on the
PMD or channel dimensions).
Based on the graph, choose the Universal Flow calculation, and select the head vs
flow breakpoints to be entered (32 max). Generally, the more breakpoints entered, the
greater the flow calculation accuracy.
This flow calculation creates a piece-wise linear approximation of the head/flow curve.
This option provides best results if the curve has sharp angles joining relatively linear
sections.
flow
level
Enter a Head Breakpoint at each point where the head/flow curve bends sharply (2
minimum). For combination curves (mostly linear but include 1 or more arcs), enter
numerous breakpoints along the arc, for best flow calculation accuracy.
Universal, Curved (P600 = 5)
This calculation creates a cubic spline approximation of the head/flow curve, providing
best results if the curve is non-linear, and there are no sharp angles.
flow
level
Select at least enough breakpoints from the curve to satisfy the following:
» 2 breakpoints very near the minimum head
» 1 breakpoint at the tangent points of each arc
» 1 breakpoint at each arc apex
» 2 breakpoints very near the maximum head
For combination curves, enter at least 2 breakpoints immediately before and after any
sharp angle (as well as 1 breakpoint exactly at the angle) on the curve.
PL-507
153
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
Universal, Linear (P600 = 4)
MEASUREMENT RESPONSE
The HYDRO+ Measurement Response (P003) to material level changes is designed
to exceed even the most demanding installation requirements.
The Measurement Response setting automatically presets various parameters
affecting the HYDRO+ response to material level changes as follows:
Parameter
Values Dependent on Measurement Response (P003)
(units)
1(slow)
2(medium)
3(fast)
P070 Failsafe Timer (min)
100
10
1
P700 Max Fill Rate (m/min)
0.1
1
10
P701 Max Empty Rate (m/min)
0.1
1
10
P702 Filling Indicator (m/min)
0.01
0.1
1
P703 Emptying Indicator (m/min)
0.01
0.1
1
4
2
2
100
50
10
P704 Rate Filter (option)
P710 Fuzz Filter (% of Span)
P713 Echo Lock Window
(per P701 / P702 and time since last valid measurement).
P727 Scan Delay (s)
5
5
3
P841 Long Shot Number
10
5
2
If any of these parameters are independently altered, a Measurement Response
parameter alteration automatically resets the independently altered value.
Slower Measurement Response provides greater measurement
reliability. Faster independently set Max Fill/Empty Rates may be
impeded by Echo Lock, Scan Delay and Shot Delay values.
PL-507
154
RELAY SET UP
The HYDRO+ Relay alarm/control/pump control features are designed to exceed
even the most demanding installation requirements often eliminating the necessity of
a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC).
The Relay Set Up (P100) setting automatically presets various parameters affecting
the HYDRO+ relay operation as follows:
SET
UP
1
Wet
Well
2
3
Reservoir 1
4
Reservoir 2
5
Rake Control
6
General
Alarms
1
P110
P111
P112
P113
P121
1
52
70%1
20%1
0
1
1
2
1
52
80%
20%
0
3
1
1-H
90%
85%
----
4
1
1-L
10%
15%
----
5
1
0
----
----
----
1
1
52
80%
20%
1
2
1
52
80%
20%
1
3
1
1-H
90%
85%
----
4
1
1-L
10%
15%
----
5
1
0
----
----
----
1
1
52
30%1
80%1
0
2
1
52
20%1
80%1
0
3
1
1-H
90%
85%
----
4
1
1-L
10%
15%
----
5
1
0
----
----
----
1
1
52
20%
80%
1
2
1
52
20%
80%
1
3
1
1-H
90%
85%
----
4
1
1-L
10%
15%
----
5
1
0
----
----
----
1
3
50
80%
20%
0
2
1
1-H
90%
85%
----
3
2
1-L
10%
15%
----
4
3
1-H
90%
10%
----
5
1
49
----
----
----
1
1
1-H
80%
75%
----
2
1
1-L
20%
25%
----
3
1
1 - HH
90%
85%
----
4
1
1 - LL
10%
15%
----
5
1
0
----
----
----
The P112/P113 values alternate between all relays set for P111 = 52
(alternate assist pump control), each time the last running pump is shut off.
PL-507
155
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
Wet
Well
1
2
1
DESCRIPTION RELAY
NUMBER
MAINTENANCE
The HYDRO+ uses a clock module* for time
and date calculations required in features such
as pump control and logging. It has a ten
year life expectancy, and thus should
be replaced at that time.
Otherwise the HYDRO + requires
no maintenance, however a program
of periodic checks is advised.
The enclosure should be cleaned if necessary. Use a vacuum cleaner and a clean,
dry brush.
Disconnect the power before replacing clock module.
* Replace clock module with, Dallas DS1494L-F5.
PL-507
156
97\01\27
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
SYMPTOM
CAUSE
Display blank, Transmit Neon No power.
not flashing, transducer not
pulsing.
No response to programmer.
ACTION
Check power supply, wiring, ac
selection switch positions, power
fuse F4 or F5.
Obstructed infrared interface, Clean enclosure "docking bay" and
or defective programmer.
programmer magnet slot.
Displays "Short" and " tb:(#)". Short circuited transducer
Repair or replace as necessary.
cable, or defective transducer.
Displays "Open" and " tb:(#)". Transducer not connected
Correct transducer, or remove
Point # from service (P001 = 0).
Open circuited transducer
Repair or replace as necessary.
cable, or defective transducer.
Displays "Error" and " tb:(#)".
Displays "LOE".
Transducer connected wrong. Reverse BLK and WHT wires.
Wrong Transducer (P004).
Enter correct value.
Weak or non-existent echo.
Relocate and/or re-aim transducer
at material level
or object.
Displays "EEEE".
Reading too high.
Select larger Units (P005), or lower
Convert Reading (P061).
Reading fluctuates while
material level is still,
(or vice versa).
Incorrect measurement
stabilization.
Alter Measurement Response
(P003) accordingly.
Reading is fixed, regardless
of the actual material level.
Transducer acoustic beam
obstructed, standpipe too
narrow, or transducer
mounting resonant.
Relocate and / or re-aim
transducer at material level
or object.
Material level reported is
always "off" by the same
amount.
Incorrect Empty (zero)
reference.
See Empty (P006), Reading Offset
(P063), Offset Calibration (P650),
& Offset Correction (P652).
Measurement accurracy
improves as level nears
transducer.
Incorrect Sound Velocity
Use an ultrasonic / temperature
used for distance calculation. transducer or a TS-3 temp. sensor.
See Technical Reference /
Measurement Response.
Proceed to Measurement
Difficulties.
See TECHNICAL
TECHNICALREFERENCE
REFERENCE
Sound Velocity.
Reading is erratic, with little
True echo too weak or wrong Relocate and / or re-aim
or no relation to material level. echo being processed.
transducer at matrial level
or object.
Proceed to Measurement
Difficulties.
Date & time (P008 & P009)
are fixed at 70:01:01 &
00:00:00 respectively
PL-507
clock module life has expired
157
replace
TROUBLESHOOTING
Proceed to Measurement
Difficulties.
MEASUREMENT DIFFICULTIES
If the Failsafe Timer (P070) expires due to a measurement difficulty, "LOE" flashes
alternately with the Reading. In rare cases, the HYDRO+ may "lock on" to a false
echo and report a fixed or wrong Reading.
FLASHING "LOE" DISPLAY
If "LOE" is displayed, ensure the:
1.
Surface monitored is within the transducer maximum range.
2.
Transducer (P004) value matches the transducer used.
3.
Transducer is located and aimed properly.
See the Transducer instructions for range, mounting, and rough aiming details.
For optimum performance, adjust transducer aiming to provide the best Echo
Confidence (P805) for all material levels within the measurement range.
To display Echo Confidence in the RUN mode...
and hold for 4 seconds (Failsafe Time Left changes to the Short:Long
Confidence display).
To display Echo Confidence in the program mode, access the Echo Confidence
(P805) parameter. To update the value displayed after each aiming adjustment...
(5 times or more to verify stability)
If the condition persists (despite optimum aiming), optimize transducer performance.
Adjust Short Shot Frequency, (P842) and Long Shot Frequency (P843) for maximum
Echo Confidence (P805).
Increase the Failsafe Timer (P070) value, if failsafe operation will not be compromised
by the larger value.
If "LOE" is displayed only when a sloped bottom vessel is near Empty, install an
"target plate" in the bottom of the vessel. When exposed, the target plate provides the
reflective surface representative of an empty vessel.
Install a longer range transducer, enter the new Empty (P006) distance, and (if
necessary) optimize aiming and frequency again. If a longer range transducer is not
available, connect an oscilloscope, (see Scope Displays, P810).
If an echo is observed (from the material/object surface), reduce the Confidence
Threshold (P804) while taking new measurements (in the RUN or program mode).
If the surface cannot be detected during high vessel activity, set up Failsafe Operation
to "anticipate" the material level change. This operation is reliable, as long as when
the foam (or dust) settles a valid echo can be received. See APPLICATIONS
APPLICATIONS
Failsafe Operation.
PL-507
158
FIXED READING
If the Reading is a fixed value, regardless of the transducer to material (object)
surface distance, ensure the:
1.
Transducer acoustic beam is free from obstruction.
2.
Surface monitored is not within the transducers’ nearest distance.
3.
Transducer is not in contact with any metal object.
4.
Material mixer (if used) is operating while the HYDRO+ is operating.
Check for (and remove if present) any acoustic beam obstruction.
If an obstruction cannot be removed or avoided, adjust the TVT (Time Varying
Threshold) Curve to reduce the Echo Confidence derived from the sound reflected by
the obstruction. (See Scope Displays, P810 and TVT Shaper, P832).
If the fixed Reading represents a distance within 2 metres (6 ft) from the transducer
face, ensure the material (object) surface is not within the Transducers’ nearest
INSTALLATION Transducer).
distance, (see INSTALLATION
For "ST-series" transducers only, ensure non-metallic mounting hardware (supplied)
is used. Often, loosening overtightened mounting hardware will mechanically isolate
the transducer from a resonant metallic surface.
If difficulties persist, optimize transducer performance. Adjust Short Shot Frequency
(P842) and Long Shot Frequency (P843) for maximum Echo Confidence (P805).
If the preceding remedies have not produced satisfactory results, the false echo has
to be ignored. Extend Near Blanking (P800) to a distance (from the transducer face)
to just beyond the distance represented by the Reading. This also increases the
nearest distance the material level / object may come within the transducer face and
still be detected.
If increasing Near Blanking is unacceptable (the transducer cannot be mounted
higher) the TVT Curve must be raised in the area of the false echo.
Connect an oscilloscope to the HYDRO+, (see PARAMETERS
PARAMETERS Scope Displays,
P810). Adjust the TVT Start Min (P833), TVT Start Duration (P834), and TVT Slope
Min (P835) slightly.
Continue making minor TVT Curve adjustments and taking new measurements while
observing the Echo Marker position until the Echo Lock Window repeatedly locks onto
the true echo. Verify the false echo is still ignored, regardless of the vessel material
level, or empty / fill activity.
PL-507
159
TROUBLESHOOTING
If the transducer is mounted on a standpipe, grind smooth any burrs or welds on the
inside or open end, (the end that opens into the vessel). If the problem persists, install
a larger diameter or shorter length standpipe, bevel the inside of the open end, or cut
the open end of the standpipe at a 45 angle.
WRONG READING
If the Reading is erratic, or jumps to some incorrect value periodically, ensure the:
1.
Surface monitored, is not beyond the transducers maximum range.
2.
Material is not falling into the transducer acoustic beam.
3.
Material (P002) value matches the material monitored.
4.
Measurement Response (P003) is not set too fast.
5.
Transducer (P004) type entered matches the transducer used.
If a periodic wrong Reading is always the same value, see Fixed Reading. If the
wrong Reading is random, ensure the material surface to transducer distance is less
than the Empty value entered plus 20%. If the material/object monitored is outside this
distance, increase Range Extension (P801) as required.
If the material monitored is a liquid, check for splashing in the vessel. Enter a lower
Measurement Response (P003) value to stabilize the Reading, or install a stilling well.
(Contact Milltronics or your local distributor).
If the Noise (P807) peak value jumps wildly, or average value is greater than +5 dB
verify the transducer cable shields are connected to the HYDRO+ shield terminals
and not to ground elsewhere.
If the HYDRO+ is mounted in close proximity to (or transducer cables run near those
of) another ultrasonic level monitor, see Level System Sync (P726).
Temporarily disable nearby SCR control drives, high voltage or current contactors. If
the condition disappears, move the HYDRO+ to another location.
Set Echo Lock (P711) to "max verification" (response to material level changes may
be slowed somewhat).
Increase the Confidence Threshold (small amounts at a time) while observing the
results. If performance is not improved return the Confidence Threshold to the
preset value.
PARAMETERS Scope Displays,
Connect an oscilloscope to the HYDRO+, (see PARAMETERS
P810). While monitoring the Echo Marker, select the Algorithm (P820) best suited to
the material / conditions.
If the "Area" algorithm is used and narrow noise spikes are evident on the (long shot)
Echo Profile, turn the Spike Filter (P821) on and/or widen the Narrow Echo Filter
(P822). Also, if the true echo has jagged peaks, use Reform Echo (P823).
If multiple echoes appear on the Echo Profile, typical of a flat material profile
(especially if the vessel top is domed), use the "first" Algorithm.
If the Echo Profile repeatedly switches from short to long, adjust the Short Shot Range
(P852) to stabilize the "shot" mode used for the echo evaluation. Also, adjust the
Short Shot Bias to increase (or decrease the amount of preference given to short shot
echoes over long shot echoes.
Should a stable measurement still not be attainable, contact Milltronics or your
local distributor.
PL-507
160
SPECIFICATIONS
HYDRORANGER PLUS
Power:
» dc supply:
» ac supply
Environmental:
» location:
» altitude:
» ambient temp.:
» relative humidity:
Range:
» 0.3 m (1 ft) to 15 m (50 ft) max.
Accuracy:
» 0.25% of program range* or 6 mm (0.24"), whichever is greater
Resolution:
» 0.1% of program range* or 2 mm (0.08"), whichever is greater
Memory:
» EEPROM (non-volatile) no back-up battery required
Programming:
» via keypad programmer or Dolphin interface package
Display:
» Custom Graphics LCD
» wall mount:
» 100 mm (3.9") W x 40 mm (1.6 ") H
» rack/panel mount: » 20 mm (0.8") W x 75 mm (3.0") H
» indoor / outdoor
» 2000 m max
» – 20 to 50°C (– 5 to 122 °F)
» wall mount: suitable for outdoor (Type 4X /
NEMA 4X / IP 65 enclosure)
» rack and panel mount: 80% for temperatures
up to 31 °C
» installation catagory: » II
» pollution degree: » wall mount: 4
» rack and panel mount: 2
» – 50 to 150 °C (– 58 to 302 °F)
» integral transducer sensor
» TS-3 temperature sensor
» programmable fixed temperature
SPECIFICATIONS
Temperature
Compensation:
» 9 - 30 V dc, 8 W, and / or
» 100 / 115 / 200 / 230 V ac ± 15%,
50 / 60 Hz, 15 VA
Temperature Error: » 0.09% of range with compensation
» 0.17% per °C deviation from programmed temperature
*
PL-507
Program range is defined as the empty distance from the
face of the transducer (P006) plus any range extension (P801).
161
97\03\26
Outputs:
» transducer drive: » 150 to 315 V peak
(transducer model dependent)
» relays: » 5 alarm/control relays
» 1 form "C" SPDT contact per relay,
rated 5 A at 250 V ac, non-inductive
» all relays are certified for use in equipment where the
short circuit capacity of the circuits in which they are
connected is limited by fuses having ratings not
exceeding the rating of the relays.
» mA output:
» 0-20 or 4-20 mA, scalable
» 0.1% resolution
» 1K Ω max load
» communication
» Dolphin Compatible via optional
Milltronics ComVerter
Input:
» 0-20 or 4-20 mA, from alternate level monitoring
device, scalable
Enclosure:
» wall mount: » Type 4X / NEMA 4X / IP 65
» 195 mm (7.7") W x 180 mm (7.1") H x 75 mm (3.0") D
» polypropylene alloy
» rack mount: » DIN 3U/14HP, 4 rail plug in unit
» suitable for standard 84 HP (19") sub rack
» panel mount: » suitable for DIN 43700 72 x 144
standard panel cut-out
Weight:
» wall mount:
» rack mount:
» panel mount:
» 1.5 kg (3.4 lb)
» 870 g (1.9 lb)
» 1.1 Kg (2.4 lb)
Approvals:
» CE*, FM, CSA NRTL/C
* EMC performance available upon request
» wall mount:
» CSA Class I, Div. 2, Group A, B, C, D
» CSA Class II, Div.2, Group G &F
Transducers
Compatible Models: » ST Ultrason® , STH and Echomax® series
Refer to the associated instruction manual.
PL-507
162
97\03\26
PROGRAMMER
Power:
» 9 V (ANSI / NEDA 1604, PP3 or equivalent)
Ambient Temp.:
» -20 to 50°C (-5 to 122°F)
Keypad:
» 20 keys with tactile feedback
Interface:
» non-invasive, digital, infra-red
Enclosure:
» general purpose (waterproof) ABS plastic
» 67 mm W x 100 mm H x 25 mm D (2.6" W x 4" H x 1" D)
Weight:
» 150 g (0.3 lb)
OPTIONS
Temperature Sensor:
» TS-3
Cable:
» to suit transducers and TS-3’s
SPECIFICATIONS
PL-507
163
PL-507
164
PROGRAMMING CHART
PARAMETER
#
NAME
P000
Lock (G)
P001
Operation (G)
P002
Material (G)
P003
Measurement Response (G)
P004
Transducer (G)
P005
Units (G)
P006
Empty
P007
Span
P008
Date (G)
P009
Time (G)
P050
Tank Shape
ALTERED VALUES FOR POINT NUMBERS
1
2
3
4
P051
Max Volume
P052
Tank Dimension A
P053
Tank Dimension L
P054
Level Breakpoints
record values on a separate sheet
P055
Breakpoint Volumes
record values on a separate sheet
P060
Decimal Position
P061
Convert Reading
P062
Offset Reading
P070
Failsafe Timer
P071
Failsafe Material Level
P072
Failsafe Level Advance
P100
Relay Setup (G)
P110
Relay Allocation
P111
Relay Function
P112
Relay A Setpoint
P113
Relay B Setpoint
P114
Relay C Setpoint
P115
Relay D Setpoint
P116
Bound Alarm Hysterisis
P121
Rate Pump (G)
P122
Pump Service Ratio
P129
Relay Failsafe
PL-507
165
5
PROGRAMMING CHART
PARAMETER
#
NAME
P130
Run On Interval (G)
P131
Run On Duration (G)
P132
Start Delay (G)
P133
Power Resumption Delay (G)
P134
Pump Exercising
P136
Wall Cling Reduction (G)
P137
Pump Group
P140
Energy Saving (G)
P141
Peak Start Time (G)
P142
Peak End Time (G)
P143
Peak Lead Time (G)
P144
Peak A Setpoint
P145
Peak B Setpoint
P146
Time of Day Setpoint
P150
Storm A Setpoint
P151
Storm B Setpoint
P152
Storm Action
P153
Storm Max Duration
P170
Flush Pump
P171
Flush Interval
P172
Flush Cycles
P173
Flush Duration
P180
Rate Pump Reference
P181
Pump Rate Time
P182
Pump Rate
P200
mA Range
P201
mA Function
P202
mA Allocation
P210
0 /4 mA Setpoint
P211
20 mA Setpoint
P212
mA Min Limit
P213
mA Max Limit
PL-507
ALTERED VALUES FOR POINT NUMBERS
1
2
166
3
4
5
PROGRAMMING CHART
PARAMETER
#
NAME
P214
4 mA Trim
P215
20 mA Trim
P219
mA Failsafe
P250
mA Input Range
P251
0 /4 mA Input Setpoint
P252
20 mA Input Setpoint
P310
Pump Hours
P311
Pump Starts
P312
Pump Run Ons
P322
LCD Total Low
P323
LCD Total High
P330
Profile Record
P331
Auto Record Enable (G)
P332
Auto Record Transducer (G)
P333
Auto Record Interval (G)
P334
Auto Record A Setpoint (G)
P335
Auto Record B Setpoint (G)
P336
Auto Record Filling / Emptying (G)
P337
Auto Record LOE Time (G)
P340
Date of Manufacture (V)
P600
Primary Measuring Device (G)
P601
Flow Exponent (G)
P602
Flume Dimension D (G)
P603
Max Head (G)
P604
Max Flow (G)
P605
Zero Head (G)
P606
Time Units (G)
P607
Flowrate Decimal (G)
P608
OCM Units (G)
ALTERED VALUES FOR POINT NUMBERS
1
2
3
4
P610
Head Breakpoints
record values on a separate sheet
P611
Breakpoint Flowrates
record values on a separate sheet
P620
Low Flow Cutoff (G)
PL-507
167
5
PROGRAMMING CHART
PARAMETER
#
NAME
P621
Auto Zero Head (G)
P622
Inflow Discharge Adjust (G)
P623
Pump Total Method
P630
LCD Total Factor (G)
P633
LCD Total Decimal (G)
P640
Remote Total Factor (G)
P641
Flow Sampler Mantissa (G)
P642
Flow Sampler Exponent (G)
P645
Relay On time
P650
Offset Calibration
P651
Sound Velocity Calibration
P652
Offset Correction
P653
Velocity
P654
Velocity @ 20 °C
P660
Temp Source
P661
Temp Fixed
P663
Temp Transducer Allocation
P700
Max Fill Rate
P701
Max Empty Rate
P702
Filling Indicator
P703
Emptying Indicator
P704
Rate Filler
P705
Rate Update Time
P706
Rate Update Distance
P708
Volume Rate Display
P710
Fuzz Filter
P711
Echo Lock
P712
Reserved
P713
Echo Lock Window
P725
Auxiliary Transducer
P726
Level System Sync (G)
P727
Scan Delay (G)
P728
Shot Delay
PL-507
ALTERED VALUES FOR POINT NUMBERS
1
2
168
3
4
5
PROGRAMMING CHART
PARAMETER
#
NAME
P729
Scan Time
P730
Auxiliary Reading (G)
P731
Auxiliary Reading Key (G)
P732
Display Delay (G)
P733
Scroll Access (G)
P800
Near Blanking
P801
Range Extension
P802
Submergence Transducer
P803
Shot / Pulse Mode
P804
Confidence Threshold
P820
Algorithm
P821
Spike Filter
P822
Narrow Echo Filter
P823
Reform Echo
P825
Echo Marker Trigger
P830
TVT Type
P831
TVT Shaper
P832
TVT Shaper Adjust
P833
TVT Start Min
P834
TVT Start Slope
P835
TVT Slope Min
P840
Short Shot Number
P841
Long Shot Number
P842
Short Shot Frequency
P843
Long Shot Frequency
P844
Short Shot Width
P845
Long Shot Width
P850
Short Shot Bias
P851
Short Shot Floor
P852
Short Shot Range
ALTERED VALUES FOR POINT NUMBERS
1
2
3
4
5
record values on a separate sheet
■
PL-507
169
*7ML19981AC02*