Westell Technologies Router 2400 User guide

VERSALINK™ GATEWAY (MODEL 327W)
USER GUIDE
© Copyright 2004 Westell, Inc.
030-300390 Rev. A
User Guide
VersaLink™ Gateway
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION ..................................................................................................................................4
2.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ...................................................................................................................................4
3.
REGULATORY INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................5
3.1
FCC Compliance Note...............................................................................................................................5
3.2
Canada Certification Notice.......................................................................................................................6
4.
NETWORKING REQUIREMENTS .....................................................................................................................8
5.
HARDWARE FEATURES....................................................................................................................................9
6.
7.
5.1
LED Indicators...........................................................................................................................................9
5.2
Cable Connectors and Switch Locations .................................................................................................10
5.3
Connector Descriptions............................................................................................................................10
5.4
Pinout Descriptions..................................................................................................................................11
INSTALLING THE HARDWARE......................................................................................................................12
6.1
Installation Requirements ........................................................................................................................12
6.2
Before you begin......................................................................................................................................12
6.3
Microfilters ..............................................................................................................................................12
6.4
Hardware Installations .............................................................................................................................13
CONFIGURING VERSALINK FOR INTERNET CONNECTION ...................................................................17
7.1
Setting Up an Account Profile .................................................................................................................17
7.2
Confirm a DSL Sync ...............................................................................................................................22
7.3
Establishing a PPP Session ......................................................................................................................24
7.4
Disconnecting a PPP Session...................................................................................................................26
8.
SETTING UP MACINTOSH OS X.....................................................................................................................28
9.
SETTING UP ADVANCED CONFIGURATION ..............................................................................................33
10. HOME ..................................................................................................................................................................34
10.1
Adding Account Profiles .........................................................................................................................35
10.2
Editing Account Profiles..........................................................................................................................36
11. STATUS...............................................................................................................................................................38
11.1
Connection Summary ..............................................................................................................................38
11.2
About .......................................................................................................................................................39
12. CONFIGURATION .............................................................................................................................................40
12.1
Single Static IP – Single IP Address PassThrough ..................................................................................40
12.2
Service Configuration ..............................................................................................................................45
12.3
Firewall Configuration.............................................................................................................................57
12.4
Wireless Configuration ............................................................................................................................62
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12.5
Advanced LAN........................................................................................................................................68
12.6
Advanced WAN.......................................................................................................................................84
13. SETTING UP ADVANCED SERVICE CONFIGURATION...........................................................................115
13.1
Port Forwarding Ranges of Ports...........................................................................................................116
13.2
Adding Port Forwarding Ports ...............................................................................................................116
13.3
Port Forwarding Trigger Ports ...............................................................................................................117
13.4
Adding Local Trigger Ports ...................................................................................................................118
13.5
Static NAT.............................................................................................................................................119
13.6
Enabling Static NAT..............................................................................................................................120
13.7
Disabling Static NAT.............................................................................................................................121
14. MAINTENANCE...............................................................................................................................................123
14.1
Backup/Restore......................................................................................................................................123
14.2
Firewall Log ..........................................................................................................................................124
14.3
Administrative Password .......................................................................................................................126
14.4
Remote Access.......................................................................................................................................127
14.5
Update Device .......................................................................................................................................128
15. TROUBLESHOOTING .....................................................................................................................................133
15.1
System Self Tests...................................................................................................................................133
15.2
Diagnostic Logs .....................................................................................................................................135
15.3
Statistics.................................................................................................................................................139
15.4
Wireless Statistics ..................................................................................................................................142
15.5
Status .....................................................................................................................................................144
16. NAT SERVICES................................................................................................................................................150
17. HELP..................................................................................................................................................................154
18. TECHNICAL SUPPORT INFORMATION ......................................................................................................171
19. WARRANTY AND REPAIRS ..........................................................................................................................171
20. PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS.........................................................................................................................172
21. SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT............................................................................................................173
22. PUBLICATION INFORMATION.....................................................................................................................175
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1. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The Westell® VersaLink™ Gateway provides reliable, high-speed, Internet access to your existing small office
phone line. Your ADSL connection is “always-on” ending the hassles of dial-up modems and busy signals.
Installation is easy ... no tools ... no headaches. Simply connect the hardware, apply power, and perform the simple
software configuration for VersaLink and you are on the Internet.
VersaLink™ is capable of data rates hundreds of times faster than a traditional analog modem. But unlike analog
modems, VersaLink™ allows you to use the same phone line for simultaneous voice/fax communications and highspeed Internet access, eliminating the need for dedicated phone lines for voice and data needs. VersaLink™
supports a variety of networking interfaces such as wireless 802.11b/g/g+, ADSL, Ethernet and the following
optional features:
•
•
•
•
VersaPort™: Alternate WAN uplink port
Layer w/2 QOS with VLAN tagging
HotSpot
Simultaneous public/private network support
Hereafter, the Versa Link™ Gateway will be referred to as “Gateway” or “Modem.”
2. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Never install any telephone wiring during a lightning storm.
Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for wet locations.
Never touch non-insulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected at the
network interface.
Use caution when installing or modifying telephone lines.
WARNING
Risk of electric shock. Voltages up to 140 Vdc (with reference to
ground) may be present on telecommunications circuits.
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3. REGULATORY INFORMATION
3.1 FCC Compliance Note
(FCC ID: CH8-327WXX-6)
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15
of the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy, and if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment OFF and ON, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
Connect the equipment to a different circuit from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Modifications made to the product, unless expressly approved by Westell Inc., could void the users’ right to
operate the equipment.
RF EXPOSURE
This device has been tested and complies with FCC RF Exposure (SAR) limits in typical laptop computer
configurations and this device can be used in desktop or laptop computers with side-mounted PCMCIA slots,
which can provide 1 cm separation distance from the antenna to the body of the user or a nearby person.
Thin laptop computers may need special attention to maintain antenna spacing while operating. This device
cannot be used with handheld PDAs (personal digital assistants). Use in other configurations may not ensure
compliance with FCC RF exposure guidelines. This device and its antenna must not be co-located or operate
in conjunction with another antenna or transmitter.
PART 68 - COMPLIANCE REGISTRATION
This equipment (Model 327W) complies with Part 68 of the FCC rules and the requirements adopted by the ACTA.
A label on the bottom of this equipment contains, among other information, the Ringer Equivalence Number (REN)
and the product identifier. For products approved after July 23, 2001 the product identifier is in the format
US:AAAEQ##TXXXX. The digits represented by ## are the REN without a decimal point (e.g. 03 is a REN of 0.3).
The REN is used to determine the number of devices that may be connected to a telephone line. For earlier products,
the REN is separately shown on the label. If requested, this number must be provided to the telephone company.
Excessive RENs on a telephone line may result in the devices not ringing in response to an incoming call. In most,
but not all areas, the sum of RENs should not exceed five (5.0). To be certain of the number of devices that may be
connected to a line, as determined by the total RENs, contact the local telephone company.
This equipment is designated to connect to the telephone network or premises wiring using a compatible modular
jack that is Part 68 compliant. An FCC compliant telephone cord and modular plug is provided with the equipment.
See the Installation Information section of this User Guide for details.
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A plug and jack used to connect this equipment to the premises wiring and telephone network must comply with the
applicable FCC Part 68 rules and requirements adopted by the ACTA. A compliant telephone cord and modular plug
is provided with this product. It is designed to be connected to a compatible modular jack that is also compliant. See
installation instruction for details.
If this terminal equipment (Model 327W) causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company may
request you to disconnect the equipment until the problem is resolved. The telephone company will notify you in
advance if temporary discontinuance of service is required. If advance notification is not practical, the telephone
company will notify you as soon as possible. You will be advised of your right to file a complaint with the FCC if
you believe such action is necessary.
If you experience trouble with this equipment (Model 327W), do not try to repair the equipment yourself. The
equipment cannot be repaired in the field. Contact your ISP, or contact the original provider of your DSL equipment.
The telephone company may make changes to their facilities, equipment, operations, or procedures that could affect
the operation of this equipment. If this happens, the telephone company will provide advance notice in order for you
to make the modifications necessary to maintain uninterrupted service.
If your home has specially wired alarm equipment connected to the telephone line, ensure that the installation of this
equipment (Model 327W) does not disable your alarm equipment. If you have questions about what will disable
alarm equipment, consult your telephone company or a qualified installer.
This equipment cannot be used on public coin phone service provided by the telephone company. Connection of this
equipment to party line service is subject to state tariffs.
3.2 Canada Certification Notice
The Industry Canada label identifies certified equipment. This certification means that the equipment meets certain
telecommunications network protective, operations and safety requirements as prescribed in the appropriate
Terminal Equipment Technical Requirements document(s). The department does not guarantee the equipment will
operate to the user’s satisfaction.
This equipment meets the applicable Industry Canada Terminal Equipment Technical Specification. This is
confirmed by the registration number. The abbreviation, IC, before the registration number signifies that registration
was performed based on a Declaration of Conformity indicating that Industry Canada technical specification were
met. It does not imply that Industry Canada approved the equipment. The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) is 0.0.
The Ringer Equivalence Number that is assigned to each piece of terminal equipment provides an indication of the
maximum number of terminals allowed to be connected to a telephone interface. The termination on an interface
may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the sum of the Ringer Equivalence
Numbers of all the devices does not exceed five.
Before installing this equipment, users should ensure that it is permissible to be connected to the facilities of the
local Telecommunication Company. The equipment must also be installed using an acceptable method of
connection. The customer should be aware that compliance with the above conditions may not prevent degradation
of service in some situations. Connection to a party line service is subject to state tariffs. Contact the state public
utility commission, public service commission, or corporation commission for information.
If your home has specially wired alarm equipment connected to the telephone line, ensure that the installation of this
equipment (Model 327W) does not disable your alarm equipment. If you have questions about what will disable
alarm equipment, consult your telephone company or a qualified installer.
If you experience trouble with this equipment (Model 327W), do not try to repair the equipment yourself. The
equipment cannot be repaired in the field and must be returned to the manufacturer. Repairs to certified equipment
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should be coordinated by a representative, and designated by the supplier. Refer to section 19 in this User Guide for
further details.
The termination on an interface may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the
sum of the Ringer Equivalence Numbers of all the devices does not exceed five.
Users should ensure, for their own protection, that the electrical ground connections of the power utility, telephone
lines, and internal, metallic water pipe system, if present, are connected together. This precaution may be
particularly important in rural areas.
CAUTION
Users should not attempt to make such connections themselves, but should contact the
appropriate electrical inspection authority, or electrician, as appropriate.
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4. NETWORKING REQUIREMENTS
The following system specifications are required for optimum performance of the VersaLink™ via 10/100 Base-T
or Wireless installations.
CONNECTION
TYPE
MINIMUM SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
•
•
ETHERNET
WIRELESS
IEEE 802.11g
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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Pentium® or equivalent class machines
Microsoft® Windows® (95, 98, ME, NT 4.0, 2000, or
XP) Macintosh® OS X, or Linux installed
64 MB RAM (128 MB recommended)
10 MB of free hard drive space
TCP/IP Protocol stack installed
10/100 Base-T Network Interface Card (NIC)
Computer Operating System CD-ROM on hand
Pentium® or equivalent class machines
Microsoft® Windows® (98, ME, 2000, or XP) or
Macintosh® OS X installed
Computer Operating System CD-ROM on hand
Internet Explorer 4.x or Netscape Navigator 4.x or
higher
64 MB RAM (128 MB recommended)
10 MB of free hard drive space
An available IEEE 802.11b/g/g+ PC adapter
8
NETWORKING
SCHEME
Networking via 10/100
Base-T Ethernet
requires an available
Ethernet port with a
10/100 Base-T Network
Interface Card (NIC)
installed.
Networking via
Wireless or other
802.11b/g/g+ capable
network adapter card.
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5. HARDWARE FEATURES
5.1 LED Indicators
This section explains the LED States and Descriptions. LED indicators are used to verify the unit’s operation and
status.
LED States and Descriptions
LED
Description
Modem power is ON.
Modem power is OFF.
POWER
POST (Power On Self Test), Failure (not bootable) or Device
Malfunction. Note: The Power LED should be red no longer than
Solid Red
two seconds after the power on self test passes.
Powered device is connected to the associated port (includes
devices with wake-on LAN capability where slight voltage is
supplied to an Ethernet connection).
Solid Green
Note: When using the optional uplink port (E1), Ethernet LAN
ETHERNET
connection is limited to E2, E3, and E4.
(E1, E2, E3, E4)
10/100 Base-T LAN activity is present (traffic in either direction)
Flashing Green
Modem power is OFF, no cable or no powered device is
OFF
connected to the associated port.
Link Established.
Solid Green
WIRELESS
Wireless LAN activity is present (traffic in either direction).
Flashing Green
Modem power is OFF or No Link.
OFF
Good DSL sync.
Solid Green
DSL
DSL attempting to sync.
Flashing Green
Modem power is OFF.
OFF
Internet link established.
Solid Green
IP connection established and IP Traffic is passing through
device (in either direction).
Note: If the IP or PPP session is dropped due to an idle timeout,
the light will remain solid green, if an ADSL connection is still
Flashing Green
present.
If the session is dropped for any other reason, the light is turned
INTERNET
OFF. The light will turn red when it attempts to reconnect and
DHCP or PPP fails).
Device attempted to become IP connected and failed (no DHCP
response, no PPP response, PPP authentication failed, no IP
Solid Red
address from IPCP, etc.).
Modem power is OFF, Modem is in Bridge Mode, or the
OFF
connection is not present.
NOTE: Safe Boot is reflected when the Power and Internet LED’s are both Red and all other LED’s are off.
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Solid Green
OFF
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5.2 Cable Connectors and Switch Locations
•
DSL connector (RJ-11)
•
Reset button
•
(4) Ethernet connector (RJ-45) with optional uplink port
(Note: When using the optional uplink port (E1), Ethernet LAN connection is limited to E2, E3, and E4.
•
Power connector (barrel)
•
Wireless IEEE 802.11b/g SMA connector and antenna
Note: When using the optional uplink port (E1), Ethernet LAN connection is limited to E2, E3, and E4.
The UPLINK feature is optional, and if UPLINK is not enabled in the .ini file, the Gateway will use DSL
and Wireless only.
DSL Line
Connector
Reset
Button
Ethernet Connectors
(E1 through E4)
ON/OFF
Power
Connector Switch
Wireless Antenna
Connector
5.3 Connector Descriptions
The following chart displays the connector types.
SYMBOL
NAME
6-pin RJ-11 modular jack
FUNCTION
Connects to an ADSL-equipped telephone jack or
DSL connection of a POTS splitter.
Barrel connector
Power source.
ETHERNET
8-pin (RJ-45) modular jack
Connects the Ethernet device to the PC.
ANTENNA
SMA connector and antenna
Connects to wireless IEEE 802.11b/g/g+
DSL LINE
DC 9V
Wireless
POWER
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5.4 Pinout Descriptions
The following tables list the pinout descriptions.
DSL Pinouts
Pinout
1, 2, 5, 6
3
4
Description
Not Used
DSL Tip
DSL Ring
Ethernet/Optional Uplink Port Pinouts
Pinout
1
2
3
4,5,7,8
6
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Description
Rx+
RxTx+
Not Used
Tx-
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6. INSTALLING THE HARDWARE
6.1 Installation Requirements
To install VersaLink™, you will need the following:
•
•
A Network Interface Card (NIC) installed in your PC, or
An IEEE 802.11b/g adapter
NOTE: Internet service provider subscriber software and connection requirements may vary. Consult your ISP for
installation instructions. Please wait until you have received notification from your ISP that your DSL line has been
activated before installing VersaLink™ and the software.
6.2 Before you begin
Make sure that your kit contains the following items:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Westell VersaLink™ Gateway
Power Supply
RJ-45 Ethernet cable
RJ-11 Phone cable
SMA Antenna
Westell CD-ROM containing User Guide in PDF format
Quick Start Guide
6.3 Microfilters
ADSL signals must be blocked from reaching each telephone, answering machine, fax machine, computer modem
or any similar conventional device. Failure to do so may degrade telephone voice quality and ADSL performance.
Install a microfilter if you desire to use the DSL-equipped line jack for telephone, answering machine, fax machine
or other telephone device connections. Microfilter installation requires no tools or telephone rewiring. Just unplug
the telephone device from the baseboard or wall mount and snap in a microfilter, next snap in the telephone device.
You can purchase microfilters from your local electronics retailer, or contact the original provider of your DSL
equipment.
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6.4 Hardware Installations
NOTE: Please wait until you have received notification from your ISP that your DSL line has been
activated before installing VersaLink.
NOTE: If you are using VersaLink™ in conjunction with an Ethernet Hub or Switch, refer to the manufacturer’s
instructions for proper installation and configuration. When using a Microfilter, be certain that the DSL phone cable
is connected to the “DSL/HPN” non-filtered jack. Westell recommends the use of a surge suppressor to protect
equipment attached to the power supply.
6.4.1 Installation via 10/100 Base-T Ethernet
!
NOTE: Before you connect via 10/100 Base-T, you must have an available Ethernet card installed in your
computer. If your Ethernet card does not auto-negotiate, you must set it to half duplex. Refer to the
Ethernet card manufacturer’s instructions for installing and configuring your Ethernet card.
1.
Connect the power supply cord to the power connector marked DC 9V on the rear panel of VersaLink. Plug the
other end of the power supply into a wall socket.
2.
Connect the DSL phone cable from the jack marked
on the rear panel of VersaLink to the DSL-equipped
telephone line jack on the wall. IMPORTANT: Do not use a DSL filter on this connection. You must use the
phone cord that was provided with the kit.
3.
Connect the yellow Ethernet cable from any one of the Ethernet jacks marked
on the rear panel of
VersaLink to the Ethernet port on your computer. Repeat this step to connect up to three additional PCs to
VersaLink.
NOTE: You may connect to any of the four Ethernet jacks on the rear panel as they serve as an Ethernet switch.
However, when using the optional uplink port (E1), Ethernet LAN connection is limited to ports E2, E3, and E4.
4.
Check to see if the DSL LED is solid green. If the DSL LED is solid green, VersaLink is functioning properly.
5.
Check to see if the Ethernet LED is solid green. Solid green indicates that the Ethernet connection is
functioning properly.
Congratulations! You have completed the Ethernet hardware installation. No software installation is required when
using only an Ethernet connection. Proceed to section 7 to configure VersaLink for Internet connection.
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Figure 1. Connection via 10/100 Base-T Ethernet
6.4.2 Connecting PCs via Wireless
IMPORTANT: If you are connecting to VersaLink via a wireless network adapter, the SSID must be the same for
both VersaLink and your PC’s wireless network adapter. The default SSID for VersaLink is the serial number of the
unit (located below the bar code on the bottom of the unit and also on the Westell shipping carton). Locate and run
the utility software provided with your PC’s Wireless network adapter and enter the SSID value. The PC’s wireless
network adapter must be configured with the SSID (in order to communicate with VersaLink) before you begin the
account setup and configuration procedures. Later, for privacy you can change the SSID by following the
procedures outlined in section 12.4 (Wireless Configuration).
NOTE: Client PCs can use any Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) 802.11b/g certified card to communicate with VersaLink.
The Wireless card and VersaLink must use the same Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) security code type. The
factory default for WEP is DISABLED. If you enable WEP, you must ensure the network setting for your wireless
adapter is set to “Must Use Shared Key for WEP” or “Open Wi-Fi.” You must ensure that your PC’s Wi-Fi adapter
is configured properly for whichever network setting you use. You can access the settings in the advanced properties
of the wireless network adapter.
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To network VersaLink to additional computers in your home or office using a wireless installation, you will need to
confirm the following:
1.
Ensure that an 802.11b/g/g+ wireless network adapter has been installed in each PC on your wireless network.
2.
Install the appropriate drivers for your Wireless IEEE802.11b or IEEE802.11g adapter.
3.
Make sure the SMA antenna connector is loose. Orient the antenna in the proper configuration. Then, tighten
the antenna knob to lock it into place.
4.
Connect the power supply cord to the power connector marked DC 9V on the rear panel of VersaLink. Plug the
other end of the power supply into a wall socket.
5.
Connect the DSL phone cable from the connector marked
on the rear panel of VersaLink to the DSLequipped telephone line jack on the wall. IMPORTANT: Do not use a DSL filter on this connection. You must
use the phone cord that was provided with the VersaLink kit.
6.
Check to see if the DSL LED is solid Green. If the DSL LED is solid Green, VersaLink is functioning properly.
7.
Check to see if VersaLink’s Wireless LED is solid Green. This means that the Wireless interface is functioning
properly.
Congratulations! You have completed the Wireless installation VersaLink. You must now go to section 7 to
configure VersaLink for Internet connection.
Figure 2. Connection via Wireless
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6.4.3 Ethernet and Wireless Combination Installation
The VersaLink™ supports simultaneous use of 10/100 Base-T Ethernet and Wireless configurations. The following
instructions explain how to install VersaLink for simultaneous use of Ethernet and Wireless ports.
NOTE: Refer to Figure 1 and Figure 2 for instructions on hardware installation via Ethernet and Wireless
connections.
1.
Ensure that an 802.11b/g/g+ wireless network adapter has been installed in each PC on your wireless network
2.
Install the appropriate drivers for your Wireless IEEE802.11b or IEEE802.11g adapter.
3.
Make sure the SMA antenna connector is loose. Orient the antenna in the proper configuration. Then, tighten
the antenna knob to lock it into place.
4.
Connect the power supply cord to the power connector marked DC 9V on the rear panel of VersaLink. Plug the
other end of the power supply into a wall socket.
5.
Connect the DSL phone cable from connector marked
on the rear panel of VersaLink to the DSL-equipped
telephone line jack on the wall. IMPORTANT: Do not use a DSL filter on this connection. You must use the
phone cord that was provided with the kit.
6.
Connect the yellow Ethernet cable from any one of the Ethernet jacks marked
on the rear panel of
VersaLink to the Ethernet port on your computer. Repeat this step to connect up to three additional PCs to
VersaLink.
NOTE: You may connect to any of the four Ethernet jacks on the rear panel as they serve as an Ethernet switch.
However, when using the optional uplink port (E1), Ethernet LAN connection is limited to ports E2, E3, and E4.
7.
Check to see if the DSL LED is solid green. If the DSL LED is solid green, VersaLink is functioning properly.
8.
Check to see if the Ethernet LED is solid green. Solid green indicates that the Ethernet connection is
functioning properly.
9.
Check to see if VersaLink’s Wireless LED is solid green. This means that the Wireless interface is functioning
properly.
Congratulations! You have completed the simultaneous hardware (Ethernet and Wireless) installation. You must
now go to section 7 to configure VersaLink for Internet connection.
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7. CONFIGURING VERSALINK FOR INTERNET CONNECTION
To browse the Internet using VersaLinK™, you must set up your account profile, confirm your DSL sync, and
establish a PPP session with your Internet Service Provider (ISP). Refer to the Internet service provider’s installation
manual to install the software required for your Internet connection.
NOTE: Internet service provider subscriber software and connection requirements may vary. Consult your Internet
service provider for installation instructions.
7.1 Setting Up an Account Profile
After connecting VersaLink, bring up your Web browser and type either http://dslrouter or http://192.168.1.1 in
the browser’s address window and press ‘Enter’ on your keyboard. The Getting Started screen will appear. Click
on next.
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If you clicked on Next, the following screen will be displayed. This screen will allow you to set up your account
profile.
NOTE: Before you set up your account profile, you must obtain your Account ID, Account Password, and
VPI/VCI values from your Internet service provider. You will use this information when you set up your account
parameters. If you are at a screen and need help, click on the Help button to learn more about the screen, or see
section 17 (Help) for additional information on the help messages.
Type in your account parameters. (Account parameters are required before connecting to the Internet.)
Account Parameters include:
● Connection Name-the Connection Name is a word or phrase that you use to identify your account.
(You may enter up 64 characters in this field.)
● Account ID-the Account ID is provided by your Internet Service Provider.
(You may enter up 255 characters in this field.)
● Account Password-the Account Password is provided by your Internet Service Provider.
(You may enter up 255 characters in this field.)
When you enter your account parameters at the User Name screen, they will be displayed as shown in the screen
below. Click next if you want your account parameters to take effect. Click on reset if you do not want the account
parameters that you entered to take effect or if you want to re-enter the parameters.
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Enter the VPI and VCI values (0 for VPI and 35 for VCI default) you obtained from your Internet service provider.
The actual VPI/VCI values may vary according to your ISP. Click on next.
VPI = 0
VCI = 35
NOTE: Depending on your Internet Service
Provider, the VPI/VCI screen may come
pre-configured and it will be displayed here.
In this case, you should not change any
values in this screen. Click on next to go to
the PROTOCOL screen.
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Select the Protocol type that you obtained from your Internet service provider. Click on next.
NOTE: Depending on your Internet Service
Provider, the PROTOCOL screen may
come pre-configured and it will be displayed
here. In this case, you will need to click on
next to go to the SET-UP COMPLETE
screen.
When the SET-UP COMPLETE screen appears, you have successfully completed your Account Profile setup.
Click on done.
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If you changed the VPI/VCI settings and clicked on done in the SET-UP COMPLETE screen, the following
screen will appear. Click on OK.
NOTE: The following pop-up will appear only if you have changed the VPI, VCI, or Protocol values in the
preceding screens. If you did not change any of these values, this pop-up screen will not appear and the Gateway
will not be reset. If your Gateway’s connection setting is set to “Always On” and you have changes any of these
values, the Gateway will reset automatically. For instructions on editing your connection settings, see section 10.2.
If you clicked on OK, the following screen will be displayed. VersaLink™ will be reset and the new configuration
will take effect. Next, proceed to section 7.2 to confirm your DSL sync.
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7.2 Confirm a DSL Sync
Remember, you must have active DSL service before VersaLink can synchronize with your ISP’s equipment. To
determine if VersaLink has a DSL sync, view the DSL Connection Rate in the Connection Overview section (see the
following Home page). If the status reads No DSL Connection, check the DSL physical connection, explained in
section 6 (INSTALLING THE HARDWARE) of this User Guide.
NOTE: If no DSL sync is established, the connection button will not be displayed in the following screen. To
determine if the DSL sync is established, check VersaLink’s DSL/RDY LED. If the DSL/RDY LED is not solid
green, you do not have a DSL sync established. Contact your ISP for further instructions.
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The following screen shows the DSL connection rate with values that indicate a successful DSL SYNC has been
established. The connection rate values represent the transmission speed of your DSL line. (The Gateway may take
time to report these values.) Click on the Connect button to establish a PPP session.
NOTE: VersaLink will handle transmission rates up to 8 Mbps. Your actual DSL rates may vary depending on your
Internet service provider.
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7.3 Establishing a PPP Session
View the PPP Status at the Home page. If the PPP Status displays DOWN, click the Connect button to establish a
PPP session.
NOTE: Whenever the PPP Status displays DOWN, you do not have a PPP session established. If your Gateway’s
connection setting is set to “Always On” or “On Demand,” after a brief delay the PPP session will be established
automatically and the PPP Status will display UP. If the connection setting is set to “Manual,” you must click on the
Connect button to establish a PPP session. Once the PPP session has been established (PPP Status displays UP),
you may proceed with your Gateway’s configuration. Section 10.2 provides instructions on editing the connection
settings. (Refer to the ‘Edit My Connection’ screen.) VersaLink’s factory default connection setting is “Manual.”
If you click the Connect button, the following screen will appear briefly. The PPP Status in the Connection
Overview window allows you to view the state of your ISP connection. When the PPP Status displays
Connecting…, this means that you are establishing a PPP session.
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After a PPP session has been established, the PPP Status will display UP. Congratulations! You may now browse
the Internet.
For example, if you want to visit Westell’s home page, type http://www.westell.com in your browser’s address
window.
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7.4 Disconnecting a PPP Session
If you have finished browsing the Internet and want to disconnect from your Internet service provider, click on the
Disconnect button in the Connection Overview screen (the preceding screen). The following pop-up screen will
appear. Click on OK to disconnect the PPP session.
Warning: If you disconnect the PPP session, this will disconnect the Gateway from the Internet, and all users will be
disconnected until the PPP session is re-established.
If you clicked the Disconnect button in the preceding Connection Overview screen, the PPP Status should display
DOWN. This means that you no longer have a PPP session (no IP connection to your Internet service provider).
However, your DSL session will not be affected. When you are ready to end your DSL session, simply power down
VersaLink via the power switch on VersaLink’s rear panel.
When you are ready to establish a PPP session, click on the connect button. (If you powered down VersaLink, you
must first power up VersaLink and log on to your account profile before you establish a PPP session.)
NOTE: When you are ready to exit VersaLink’s interface, click on the X (close) in the upper-right corner of the
window. Closing the window will not affect your PPP Status (your PPP session will not be disconnected). You must
click on the disconnect button to disconnect your PPP session. When you are ready to restore this interface, you
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must launch your Internet browser and type http://dslrouter/ or type http://192.168.1.1/ in the browser’s address
window and press ‘Enter’ on your keyboard.
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8. SETTING UP MACINTOSH OS X
This section provides instructions on how to use Macintosh Operating System 10 with VersaLink. Follow the
instructions in this section to create a new network configuration for Macintosh OS X.
!
NOTE: Macintosh computers must use VersaLink’s Ethernet installation. Refer to section 6,
(INSTALLING THE HARDWARE).
Open the System Preference Screen
After you have connected the Westell VersaLink to the Ethernet port of your Macintosh, the screen below will
appear. Click on the “Apple” icon in the upper-right corner of the screen and select System Preferences.
Choose the Network Preferences
After selecting System Preferences…, from the previous screen, the System Preferences screen will be displayed.
From the System Preferences screen, click on the Network icon.
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Create a New Location
After selecting the Network icon at the System Preferences screen, the Network screen will be displayed. Select
New Location from the Location field.
Name the New Location
After selecting New Location from the Network screen, the following screen will be displayed. In the field labeled
Name your new location:, change the text from “Untitled” to “Westell.” Click OK.
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Select the Ethernet Configuration
After clicking on OK in the preceding screen, the Network screen will be displayed. The Network screen shows the
settings for the newly created location. From the Configure field in the Network screen, select Built-in Ethernet.
Click on Save.
NOTE: Default settings for the Built-in Ethernet configuration are sufficient to operate VersaLink.
Check the IP Connection
To verify that the computer is communicating with VersaLink, follow the instructions below.
1.
Go to the “Apple” icon in the upper-right corner of the screen and select System Preferences.
2.
From the System Preferences screen, click on the Network icon. The Network screen will be displayed.
3.
From the Configure field in the Network screen, select Built-in Ethernet.
4.
View the IP address field. An IP address that begins with 192.168.1 should be displayed.
NOTE: The DHCP server provides this IP address. If this IP address is not displayed, check VersaLink’s wiring
connection to the PC. If necessary, refer to section 5 for hardware installation instructions.
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Create a User Account
In the address window of your Internet Explorer web browser, type http://dslrouter/. Press ‘Enter’ on your
keyboard.
The Getting Started screen will be displayed. You may now begin your Account Setup. Refer to section 7 of this
User Guide to configure your Westell VersaLink for Internet connection.
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The following sections explain the advanced features of VersaLink™.
[This Page Intentionally Left Blank]
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9. SETTING UP ADVANCED CONFIGURATION
Advanced Configuration instructions are explained in Section 10 through Section 16. If you want to set up advanced
features for VersaLink, follow the instructions provided in sections 10 through 16.
STOP! The following sections assume that you have active DSL and Internet service.
VersaLink™ allows you to make changes to advanced features of your Gateway such as account profiles, routing
configurations, and firewall settings. The following sections explain each feature and show you how to make
changes to VersaLink’s settings. A menu is displayed at the top of each screen and will allow you to navigate you to
the various configuration options of your VersaLink Gateway. If you are at a screen and need help, click on the
Help button to learn more about that screen.
Please note that the menu options displayed will vary according to the WAN configuration you have chosen to use,
DSLATM PORT or ETHERNET PORT1. However, all menu options are displayed when VersaLink is enabled for
DSLATM PORT. Instructions on enabling and disabling DSLATM PORT and ETHERNET PORT 1 are explained
in section 12.6, Advanced WAN. This document was created with the VersaLink DSLATM PORT enabled. The
sections explained throughout this document will indicate when a menu item is unavailable.
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10. HOME
As you navigate through the various screens of VersaLink, the name of the active page that you have selected will
appear in the upper-left side of the screen, as shown below. Please note that the actual values may differ from the
values displayed in the screens.
If you have set up your account profile and established your PPP session as discussed in section 7, the following
settings will be displayed when you click on your Home page. Click on profile editor to edit your connection
profile.
NOTE: If you have created multiple account profiles, select the option button for the active account profile.
Connection Overview
Connection Name
PPP Status
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Displays your DSL connection rate.
This Connection Name is from the connection profile that you established in section 7.
UP = PPP session established
DOWN = No PPP session established.
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Connect/Disconnect
Profile Editor
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CONNECT = Establish a PPP session
DISCONNECT = Disconnect a PPP session
This allows you to make changes to the profile that you created in section 7.
10.1 Adding Account Profiles
If you select the Profile Editor button from your Home page, the Advanced Home screen will appear, as shown
below. Click on the new connection button in the Advanced Home screen. The New Connection screen will
appear. Enter your account profile information and click on New. Next, click on OK in the pop-up screen to save
your new connection. If you do not want to add a connection profile, click on Close in the New Connection screen.
NOTE: NAT Profiles allow you to create specific service settings. A NAT Profile may be associated with a certain
connection setting, or NAT services. This allows you to customize the profile for specific users. You may store up to
eight unique user profiles in your Gateway. Details on the New Connection screen are located at the end of this
section.
If you clicked OK in the “Save new connection?” pop-up screen, the following screen will be displayed. This
screen will allow you to edit a connection profile. Select a profile name from the Connection Name field and click
on the edit button adjacent to the name.
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10.2 Editing Account Profiles
If you clicked on Edit in the preceding screen, the Edit “My Connection” screen will appear. Follow the steps in
the Edit “My Connection” screen to change your existing connection profile, which you set up in section 7. If you
do not want to change your connection profile, click on close in the screen. Click on delete if you want to delete
your connection profile.
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Connection Name
Account ID
Account Password
Service Profile
Manual
On Demand
Always On
Time Out Enable
Save Password
Minutes for Connection Time Out
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This field allows you to enter a new connection name of your choice (up to 64
characters).
The account ID that you used in section 7 if you are connecting to the same
Service Provider. If you have multiple Service Providers, you can enter this
information at this time.
The account password that you used in section 7 if you are connecting to the
same Service Provider. If you have multiple Service Providers, you can enter this
information at this time.
Westell recommends that you use the Default parameter.
Factory default = MANUAL
Selecting this feature allows you to manually establish your PPP session.
Selecting this feature allows the Gateway to automatically re-establish your PPP
session on demand anytime your PC requests Internet activity (for example,
browsing the Internet, email, etc.). When you have traffic, it may cause a delay.
Selecting this feature allows the Gateway to automatically establish a PPP
session when you log on, or if the PPP session goes down.
Factory Default = DISABLED
Selecting this feature allows you to enable the timeout parameter of your PPP
session, which is set to a factory default of 20 minutes.
Selecting this feature allows you to save the password for your new connection
profile in VersaLink so that you will not have to re-enter it in case of a re-boot.
This option allows you to specify the number of minutes that you want a PPP
session to stay active before it is disconnected due to inactivity. (This feature
works if you have selected the Time Out Enable feature explained above.)
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11. STATUS
11.1 Connection Summary
The following settings will be displayed if you select Connection Summary from the Status menu.
Note: The actual values may differ from the values displayed in this screen.
0
35
Connection Rate
Connection Status
IP Network Address
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DSL Connection Information
This field will let you know if you have a DSL signal and the DSL rate at which you are
connected.
This field will show how much information was received (IN) or sent (OUT) in packets.
PPP = An IP address identifies your device on the Internet
Primary DNS = Provided by your Service Provider
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Secondary DNS = Provided by your Service Provider
This field will display your Ethernet information that was received (IN) or sent (OUT) in
packets on your Ethernet port.
ATM Network Address This field will display your VPI and VCI values, which are provided by your ISP.
Firewall Status
This field will display your firewall traffic in packets.
Passed: Monitors information traffic that was successfully received (IN) or transmitted
(OUT) in packets.
Dropped: Monitors information traffic that was not successfully received (IN) or
transmitted (OUT) due to your firewall settings.
PPP Connection Information
Connection Name
This is from the connection profile that you established in section 7.
Connection Duration
This field will display how long your PPP session has been connected.
Status
This field will display the status of your PPP session.
UP=Connected
DOWN=Disconnected
Number of Reconnects This field will display the number of attempts that were made to establish a PPP session.
Ethernet Status
11.2 About
The following settings will be displayed if you select About from the Status menu.
Note: The actual values may differ from the values displayed in this screen.
Model Number
Serial Number
MAC Address
Software Version
Software Model
Description
Boot Loader
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VersaLink manufacturer’s model number.
VersaLink manufacturer’s serial number.
Media Access Controller (MAC) i.e., hardware address of this device.
Version of Application Software.
VersaLink application type.
Product description.
Version of boot loader software
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12. CONFIGURATION
12.1 Single Static IP – Single IP Address PassThrough
The following settings will be displayed if you select Single Static IP from the Configuration menu. The Single
Static IP Configuration screen allows you to select the device on your LAN that will share your Single Static IP.
Before you begin this section, configure your PC settings to obtain an IP address from your Gateway automatically.
(Refer to your Windows Help screen for instructions.)
NOTE: Single Static IP (SSI) allows the user to share the WAN assigned IP address with one device on the LAN.
By doing this, the device with the SSI becomes visible on the Internet. Network Address Translation (NAT) and
Firewall rules do not apply to the device configured for SSI. If you are using Bridge (Routed Bridge) protocol,
Single Static IP configuration will not be available.
STOP: Static NAT must be disabled before you can enable Single Static IP. To disable Static NAT, select Services
from the Configuration menu. Next, click on the static NAT button. Select the device from the Static NAT Device
drop-down menu and click on disable. Return to Single Static IP Configuration by selecting Single Static IP
Configuration from the Configuration menu.
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12.1.1 Enabling Single Static IP – Single IP Address PassThrough
To enable Single Static IP, select a device that will share your Single Static IP from the options listed in the window.
Click on enable.
NOTE: The Single Static IP Configuration screen allows you to select the device on your LAN that will share your
Single Static IP.
If you select a device and clicked on enable, the following pop-up screen will appear. Click on OK to enable this
device for Single Static IP. Click on Cancel if you do not want to enable Single Static IP.
NOTE: The actual device name may differ from the name displayed in this screen.
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If you clicked on OK in the preceding pop-up screen, the following pop-up screen will appear. VersaLink must be
reset to allow the new configuration to take effect. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding screen, the following screen will be displayed. VersaLink will be reset and
the new configuration will take effect.
After a brief delay, the home page will be displayed. Confirm that you have a DSL sync and that your PPP session
displays UP. (Click on the connect button to establish a PPP session). Next, Select Single Static IP from the
Configuration menu to confirm that Single Static IP is enabled, as shown in the following screen.
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STOP! After you enable Single Static IP, you must reboot your computer.
NOTE: If you chose to enable User Configured PC, wait for the Gateway to reset and then manually enter the
WAN IP, Gateway, and Subnet mask addresses you obtained from your Internet service provider into a PC.
12.1.2 Disabling Single Static IP – Single IP Address PassThrough
To disable Single Static IP, select Single Static IP from the Configuration menu. Click on disable.
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If you clicked on disable in the preceding screen, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK in the Disable IP Passthrough? screen, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. This
screen will allow the modem to be reset and the new configuration will take effect. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding screen, the following screen will be displayed. VersaLink will be reset and
the new configuration will take effect.
After a brief delay, the home page will be displayed. Confirm that you have a DSL sync and that your PPP session
displays UP. (Click on the connect button to establish a PPP session). Next, Select Single Static IP from the
Configuration menu to confirm that Single Static IP is disabled, as shown in the following screen.
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STOP! After you disable Single Static IP, you must reboot your computer.
12.2 Service Configuration
The following settings will be displayed if you select Services from the Configuration menu.
Westell has developed an extensive list of NAT services and you may select any service from this list. By selecting
your specific NAT service and setting up a NAT profile, you will ensure that the appropriate ports on VersaLink are
open and that the required application traffic can pass through your LAN. For a list of supported services, go to
section 16 (NAT Services).
NAT Profiles allow you to create specific service settings. The NAT profile may then be associated with a
connection profile, allowing you to customize profiles for specific users. For example, if you want to attach specific
NAT services to a profile, or if you want to set up a different connection setting for a profile, you can create new
NAT profiles and customize them to your preference.
NOTE: You may create up to four NAT profiles and attach an unlimited number of services to each profile.
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Current Profile
Service Name
UPNP Enable
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Displays the NAT (Network Address Translation) services that you have
selected.
Drop down selection menu of NAT (Network Address Translation) service you
can select to configure you VersaLink.
Factory Default = Disable
Enabling UPNP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic device discovery by
your operating system.
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12.2.1 Configuring UPNP on the VersaLink
To enable UPNP on the Gateway perform the following steps:
1)
2)
3)
4)
Select Service Configuration from the Configuration screen
Click the UPNP Enable box (a check mark will appear in the box).
Follow the instructions in the pop-up screens.
Click OK to Reset the Gateway.
NOTE: When you are ready to disable UPNP, uncheck the UPNP Enable box in the Service Configuration screen.
If you click the UPNP Enable box in the Service Configuration screen, a check mark will appear in the box and
the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK.
If you click OK in the preceding screen, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK to reset the
Gateway.
Note: To use the UPNP functionality in Versalink, your Windows XP operating system must also support UPNP.
Please contact your computer manufacturer to verify that UPNP is enabled in your Windows XP operating system.
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If you clicked on OK in the preceding screen, the following screen will be displayed. The Gateway will be reset
automatically, and the new configuration will take effect.
After a brief delay, the home page will be displayed. Confirm that you have a DSL sync and that your PPP session
displays UP. (Click on the connect button to establish a PPP session).
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12.2.2 Creating a New NAT Service Profile
NAT Profiles allow you to create specific service settings. The NAT profile may then be associated with a
connection profile, allowing you to customize profiles for specific users. For example, if you want to attach specific
NAT services to a profile, or if you want to set up a different connection setting for a profile, you can create new
NAT profiles and customize them to your preference.
NOTE: You may create up to four NAT profiles and attach an unlimited number of services to each profile.
To create a new NAT profile, click new in the Service Configuration screen.
If you select new from the preceding Service Configuration screen, the Create new Service Profile? pop-up
screen will be displayed. Click on OK to begin creating your new NAT service profile. Click Cancel if you do not
want to create a new NAT service profile.
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If you clicked on OK, the following screen will be displayed. Select “A New Service Profile #1” from the
Current Profile drop-down arrow.
If you selected “A New Service Profile #1” from the Current Profile drop-down arrow, the following screen will
be displayed. This screen shows that you have chosen to create a new NAT service profile. You may create up to
four NAT service profiles and attach an unlimited number of services to each profile.
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12.2.3 Editing a NAT Service Profile
After you have created a NAT service profile, you may edit the profile’s name. If you select edit from the Service
Configuration screen, the following screen will be displayed. By selecting the edit button, you can make changes to
your profile name, and then, later, add to or delete NAT services from that profile. Type your new NAT service
profile name in the field labeled Profile Name.
The following screen shows that a new profile name called ‘My NAT Profile’ was entered into the Profile Name
field. If you want save the new NAT profile, click on save. If you do not want to save the new NAT profile, click on
close.
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If you clicked on save in the Edit NAT Profile screen, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click OK to
save your new profile settings. If you click on Cancel, your new profile settings will not be saved.
The following screen displays the current profile. If desired, you may create a new profile and delete or edit an
existing profile.
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12.2.4 Adding NAT Services to a Profile
This section explains how to add NAT services to your NAT service profile. Remember, you may attach an
unlimited number of NAT services to any profile.
NOTE: Westell has developed an extensive list of NAT services and you may select any service from this list. By
selecting your specific NAT service and setting up a NAT profile, you will ensure that the appropriate ports on
VersaLink are open and that the required application traffic can pass through your LAN. For a list of supported NAT
services, go to section 16 (NAT Services).
To add a NAT service, select Services from the Configuration menu. Next, Select a NAT service from the options
provided at the Service Name drop-down arrow.
NOTE: You can attach multiple NAT services to your profile. However, for each NAT service that you attach to
your profile, you must first select the new NAT service. Then, you must load the new NAT Configuration, as
explained in section 12.2.2.
In the following screen, the ‘Default’ profile has been selected as the profile that will host the selected NAT service.
However, you can attach a NAT service to any profile.
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For example, the screen below displays America Online as the NAT service selected. After you have selected a
service, click on enable.
If you click on enable, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. If you click OK, you will allow incoming
connections to be forwarded to a designated local PC. If you click Cancel, you will allow only outgoing connections
from any local PC. Click OK or click Cancel.
NOTE: If you click Cancel in the following pop-up screen, the NAT service you selected in the Service Configuration
screen is still configured; however, it will not be assigned to any device on the local LAN. You must click OK to host
the NAT service.
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If you clicked on OK in the preceding pop-up screen, the Host Device screen will be displayed. The Host Device
screen will allow you to select which device will host the NAT service you selected on your local area network. You
must either select the device from the Host Device drop-down arrow or type an IP address in the field labeled IP
Address. If you click on Cancel, the connection will be dynamically assigned. Click on done.
After you have selected a NAT service and you have saved it to your NAT service profile, the following screen will
be displayed. It shows which NAT service is active for the selected profile.
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If you select the details button in the Service Configuration screen, the following screen will display the details of
the selected NAT service. If you click on the delete button in the Service Configuration screen, you will remove
that NAT service from your NAT service profile. Click on close to continue.
NOTE: If you would like to set up additional Advanced Service Configuration options, refer to section 13 (Setting
Up Advanced Service Configuration).
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12.3 Firewall Configuration
The following settings will be displayed if you select Firewall from the Configuration menu.
High
Medium
Low
None
Custom
Enable
Remote IP Address
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Security Level
High security level only allows basic Internet functionality. Only Mail, News, Web,
FTP, and IPSEC are allowed. All other traffic is prohibited.
Factory Default = MEDIUM
Like High security, Medium security only allows basic Internet functionality by
default. However, Medium security allows customization through NAT configuration
so that you can enable the traffic that you want to pass.
The Low security setting will allow all traffic except for known attacks. With Low
security, VersaLink is visible to other computers on the Internet.
Firewall is disabled. (All traffic is passed)
Custom is an advanced configuration option that allows you to edit the firewall
configuration directly. NOTE: only the most advanced users should try this.
Remote Logging
Factory Default = Disable
If enabled, Versa Link will send firewall logs to a syslog server.
The IP address of the syslog server machine to which the diagnostics logs to be sent.
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If you select Edit from the Security Level screen, the User Defined Firewall Rules screen will be displayed. This
screen allows you to change the security parameters on your Inbound and Outbound Firewall rules via the User
Defined Firewall Rules drop-down arrow. If you select Inbound, this will restrict inbound traffic from the WAN to
the LAN. Outbound restricts outbound traffic to the WAN from the LAN. To apply the new settings, click Apply in
the screen labeled User Defined Firewall Rules.
NOTE: Westell recommends that you do not change the settings in the User Defined Firewall Rules screen. If you
need to reset VersaLink to factory default settings, push the reset button on the rear of VersaLink.
The information displayed in the following screen depends upon the Firewall security setting you have selected. If
you selected “None” in the preceding Firewall Security Level screen, no values will be displayed in the following
User Defined Firewall Rules screen.
Note: The information displayed in this screen
depends on the level of security you have selected.
If you clicked Apply in the User Define Firewall Rules screen, the following pop-up screen will be displayed.
Click on OK if you want your new firewall setting to take effect. If you click on Cancel, your new firewall settings
will not take effect.
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If you want to save your new firewall settings, click on save in the screen labeled User Define Firewall Rules.
NOTE: Westell recommends that you do not change the settings in the User Defined Firewall Rules screen. If you
need to reset VersaLink to factory default settings, push the reset button on the rear of VersaLink.
Note: The information displayed in this screen
depends on the level of security you have selected.
If you clicked save in the User Define Firewall Rules screen, the following pop-up screen will be displayed.
Click OK when asked Do you wish to save these Rules to Flash and switch you Security Level to “User”? This
will save your new firewall settings. If you click Cancel, your new firewall settings will not be saved.
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If you select Help in the screen labeled User Defined Firewall Rules, the following screen will be displayed. This
screen gives a detailed explanation of the Firewall Rules.
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12.4 Wireless Configuration
The following fields will be displayed if you select Wireless from the Configuration menu.
IMPORTANT: If you are connecting to VersaLink via a wireless network adapter, the service set ID (SSID) must be
the same for both the Westell VersaLink and your PC’s wireless network adapter. The default SSID for VersaLink is
the serial number of the unit (located below the bar code on the bottom of the unit and also on the Westell shipping
carton). Locate and run the utility software provided with your PC’s Wireless network adapter and enter the SSID
value. The PC’s wireless network adapter must be configured with the SSID (in order to communicate with VersaLink)
before you begin VersaLink’s account setup and configuration procedures. For privacy, you may change the Network
Name (SSID) value in the Wireless Configuration screen to your desired value.
NOTE: Client PCs can use any Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) 802.11b/g/g+ certified card to communicate with
VersaLink. The Wireless card and VersaLink must use the same Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) security code
type. The factory default for WEP is DISABLED. If you enable WEP, you must ensure the network setting for your
wireless adapter is set to “Must Use Shared Key for WEP” or “Open Wi-Fi.” You must ensure that your PC’s Wi-Fi
adapter is configured properly for whichever network setting you use. You can access the settings in the advanced
properties of the wireless network adapter.
To select a network setting, click on the drop-down arrow at the field labeled Authentication Type, and then select
either Open System or Shared Key. If you change any settings in this screen, you must click on the Save button to
ensure that the settings take effect.
NOTE: For privacy, you should change the Network Name (SSID) value to your desired value.
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Wireless Operation
Network Name (SSID)
Channel
Mode
VersaLink™ Gateway
Wireless Card Information
Factory Default = Enabled.
When disabled, no stations will be able to connect to the VersaLink.
This string, (32 characters or less) is the name associated with the AP. To connect
to the AP, the SSID on a Station card must match the SSID on the AP card or be
set to “ANY.”
The AP transmits and receives data on this channel. The number of channels to
choose from is pre-programmed into the AP card. Station cards do not have to be
set to the same channel as the AP; the Stations scan all channels, and look for an
AP to connect to.
This setting allows station to communicate with VersaLink.
Possible Responses:
Mixed: Station using any of the 802.11b, 802.11b+, and 802.11g rates can
communicate with VersaLink.
11b only: Communication with VersaLink is limited to 802.11b
11b+: Stations using any of the 802.11b and 802.11b+ rates can communicate
with VersaLink
11g only: Communication with VersaLink is limited to 802.11g
4x Support
Advanced Configuration
edit button
Authentication Type
WEP Security WEP Security
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
Key Select
Key Mapping Table button
Hide SSID
MAC Address Filtering
MAC Filter Table button
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Factory Default = Disabled
When selected, this enables/disables the 4X option.
If enabled, 4X support provides additional algorithms for increased throughput.
The station cards must also support this option.
Selecting this button allows access to the Wireless Advanced Configuration
settings.
Privacy Settings
Factory Default = Open System
Possible Response:
Open System: Open System authentication is the default selection.
Shared Key: To use Shared Key authentication, WEP must be enabled, and a valid
WEP key must be present. Enabling WEP does not force the use of Shared Key
authentication. It is permissible to have WEP enabled and still use Open System
authentication.
Factory Default=DISABLED
The AP card supports 64-bit, 128-bit, or 256-bit WEP encryption. If WEP is
disabled, any station can connect to the AP (as long as its SSID matches the AP
SSID).
IF WEP is enabled, the risk of someone nearby accessing the AP is minimized.
If selected, the WEP Key is treated as a string of text characters, and the number
of characters must be either 5 (for 64-bit encryption) or 13 (for 128-bit encryption)
or 29 (for 256-bit encryption). If not selected, the WEP key is treated as a string of
hexadecimal characters, and the number of characters must be either 10 (for 64-bit
encryption), 26 (for 128-bit encryption), or 58 (for 256-bit encryption). The only
allowable hexadecimal characters are 0-9 and A-F.
NOTE: The WEP key must be the same value and type for both VersaLink and the
wireless network adapter. “Pass Phrase” is not the same as “text” and should not
be used.
Selecting this button will allows access to the Wireless Key Mappings settings.
Factory Default = Disabled.
If Enabled, Versa Link will not bradcast the SSID. Stations must configure the
SSID to match the Network Name (SSID) to connect to VersaLink.
Factory Default = Disabled.
If Enabled, only the stations in the MAC Filter Table can connect to VersaLink.
Selecting this button allows access to the Wireless MAC Address Filter Table.
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12.4.1 Wireless Advanced Configuration
The following screen will be displayed if you click on the edit button adjacent to Advanced Configuration in the
Wireless Configuration screen.
Beacon Period
RTS Threshold
Fragmented Threshold
Preamble Algorithm
Slot Time Algorithm
The time interval between beacon frame transmissions. Beacons contain rate and
capability information. Beacons received by stations can be used to identify the
access points in the area.
RTS/CTS handshaking will be performed for any data or management MPDU
containing a number of bytes greater than the threshold. If this value is larger than
the MSDU size (typically set by the fragmentation threshold), no handshaking will
be performed. A value of zero will enable handshaking for all MPDUs.
Any MSDU or MMPDU larger than this value will be fragmented into an MPDU of
the specified size.
Factory Default = Local STA’s
Possible Responses:
Always Long: Transmissions are done using the long preamble algorithm.
Always Short: Transmissions are done using the short preamble algorithm.
Local STA’s: If all associated stations support short preamble, then the short
preamble algorithm is used. Otherwise, the long preamble algorithm is used.
Factory Default = Local STA’s
Possible Response:
Always Off: Transmissions are done using a 20 usec slot time.
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PBCC Algorithm
Always ON: Transmissions are done using a usec slot time (SST).
Local STA’s: If all associated stations support SST, then the 9 usec slot time is used.
Otherwise, the 20 uses slot time is used.
Enhanced Dynamic: Similar to Local STA’s, with the following extension: If
associated stations that do not support SST do not transmit for a period of time, the 9
usec slot time is used.
Factory Default = Enhanced Dynamic
ERP Protection Algorithm
Possible Response:
Always Off: PBCC is not used, operation at 22 Mbps is not possible.
Always ON: PBCC is used.
Local STA’s: If all associated stations support PBCC, then PBCC is used.
Otherwise, PBCC is not used.
Dynamic: Similar to local STA’s with the following extension: PBCC setting is also
dependent on Beacon frames from overlapping BSS. If Beacon frames are received
that do not support PBCC, then PBCC is not used.
Enhanced Dynamic: Similar to Dynamic with the following extension: If associated
stations that do not support PBCC do not transmit for a period of time, then PBCC is
not used.
Factory Default = Dynamic
Rate Adaptation
Rate Fallback
802.11b Rates (Mbps)
802.11g Rates (Mbps)
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Possible Response:
Always Off: ERP is not used
Always ON: ERP is used.
Local STA’s: If there are any associated stations than do not support ERP, a
protection algorithm is used to prevent contention.
Dynamic: Similar to local STA’s with the following extension: The ERP protection
setting is also dependent on Beacon frames from overlapping BSS. IF Beacon
frames are received that indicate ERP is not supported, then a protection algorithm is
used.
Enhanced Dynamic: Similar to Dynamic with the following extension: If associated
stations that do not support ERP do not transmit for a period of time, then protection
algorithm is not used.
Factory Default = Enable
If disabled, the highest rate shared between VersaLink and STA is used for each
transmission.
Factory Default = After 1 Retry
The number of retries to attempt before falling back to the next lower rate. If
Fallback is disabled, the starting rate is the only rate tried. IF Rate Adaptation is also
disabled, the maximum rate shared with the STA is always the starting rate and the
only rate tried. This may not work in noisy environments, and will reduce roaming
distances.
Possible Response: After 1 Retry/ Disable/ After 1 Retry/ After 2 Retry
These are the allowable communication rates that VersaLink will attempt to use. The
rates are also broadcast within the connection protocol as the rates supported by
VersaLink.
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12.4.2 Wireless Key Mappings
The following screen will be displayed if you click on the edit button adjacent to Key Mapping Table in the
Wireless Configuration screen.
WEP Key
MAC Address
Key Length
Key Value
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Select Enable is you want this WEP key enabled for the listed MAC Address.
The MAC address assigned to the station for which you want to assign a WEP key.
The number of bits the encryption is going to use for WEP. The options are 64, 128,
or 256 bits.
The WEP key to be used for this station.
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12.4.3 Wireless Filter Table
The following screen will be displayed if you click on the edit button adjacent to MAC Filter Table in the Wireless
Configuration screen.
Traffic
MAC Address
Station Name
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Allowed: When the MAC Filter is enabled, only stations in the MAC Filter Table
(which are set to “Allowed”) will have access to the AP.
Blocked: This allows the station to remain in the table, but no access to the
VersaLink is allowed.
The MAC address assigned to the station that you want to allow access to.
The station name or description that the MAC address is assigned to. This is an
optional field that is useful in identifying the station.
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12.5 Advanced LAN
This section explains the configurable features of VersaLink that are available if you select Advanced LAN from
the Configuration menu.
NOTE: If VersaLink is configured for ETHERNET PORT 1, VLAN will not be displayed. You must configure
VersaLink for DSLATM PORT to access VLAN in the Advanced LAN drop-down menu. Refer to section
12.6.2.1 for details.
12.5.1 DNS Configuration
The following settings will be displayed if you select DNS from the Advanced LAN menu.
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Domain Name
NOTE: Some ISP’s may
require the name for
identification purposes.
Host Name
VersaLink™ Gateway
User Assigned DNS
This field allows you to enter a Domain Name for VersaLink.
To add a Domain Name, in the field under User Assigned DNS, type in your
new domain name and click Set.
Static Host Assignment
This field allows you to enter a HOST name for VersaLink.
To add a new Host name, in the field under Static Host Assignment, type in the
Host Name and the IP address and click Set.
IP Address
Displays the IP address that is assigned to the Host Name.
Discover Local Devices
This field displays a list of the computers on the LAN that were assigned a DHCP Address. The DNS name
and IP address entry of each discovered device is displayed. (NOTE: The values in this field will be displayed
barring any propagation delays. If ‘No Discovered Devices’ is displayed, manually refresh the screen.)
If you want to add a new Host Name and IP address to your DNS server, enter VersaLink’s Host Name and IP
Address in the fields provided in the Static Host Assignment section.
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The following screen displays a Host Name and an IP Address in the fields. Now click on add.
If you clicked on add, the following screen will be displayed. The Host Name and IP Address have been added to
the Static Host Assignment.
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12.5.2 DHCP Configuration (Private LAN)
The following settings will be displayed if you select DHCP from the Advanced LAN menu.
DHCP Server
DHCP Start Address
DHCP End Address
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This setting allows VersaLink to automatically assign IP addresses to local
devices connected on the LAN. Westell advises setting this to enabled for the
private LAN.
Off = DHCP Server is disabled
Private LAN = DHCP addresses will be saved into the Private LAN
configuration.
Public LAN = DHCP addresses will be saved into the Public LAN
configuration. This option is only available if the Public LAN DHCP server is
enabled.
NOTE: These addresses will be overwritten if the Internet Service Provider
supports dynamic setting of these values.
Factory Default = 192.168.1.15
This field displays the first IP address that the DHCP server will provide. The
DHCP Start Address must be within the IP address and lower than the DHCP
End Address. You may use any number from 0 to 254 in this address.
Factory Default = 192.168.1.47
This field displays the last IP address that the DHCP server will provide. The
DHCP End Address must be within the IP address and higher than the DHCP
Start Address. You may use any number from 0 to 254 in this address.
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DHCP Lease Time
VersaLink™ Gateway
Factory Default = 01:00:00:00
Displays the amount of time the provided addresses will be valid, after which
the DHCP client will usually re-submit a request.
NOTE: DHCP Lease Time is displayed in the format (dd:hh:mm:ss)*. This
value must be greater than 10 seconds. Seconds must be between 0 and 59,
minutes must be between 0 and 59, and hours must be between 0 and 23.
*(dd = days, hh = hours, mm = minutes, ss = seconds)
12.5.3 Disabling the DHCP Server
If you click on the drop-down arrow at DHCP Server:, a list of options will be displayed.
If you want to disable your DHCP server, select Off from the DHCP Server drop-down arrow. Click on save.
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If you selected Off at DHCP Server:, the following screen will be displayed. Click on save to save the DHCP
Server setting.
If you clicked on save, in the preceding DHCP Configuration screen, the following pop-up screen will appear.
Click on OK.
STOP: After you disable the DHCP server, you must reboot your PC
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12.5.4 Enabling the DHCP Server
If you want to enable your DHCP Server settings, select Private LAN at the DHCP Server drop-down arrow.
If you have recently disabled the DHCP Server for Private LAN, select Private LAN while in the following screen.
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If you selected Private LAN, the following screen will be displayed automatically. Click on save to save your
DHCP Server setting. If you click on reset, your DHCP Server will be reset to factory default. (Private LAN is the
factory default for the DHCP Server.)
If you clicked on save, the following pop-up screen will appear. Click on OK.
STOP: After you enable the DHCP server, you must reboot your PC
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12.5.5 Private LAN Configuration – Configuring NAT
The following settings will be displayed if you select Private LAN from the Advanced LAN menu. (Private LAN
is the default configuration for this VersaLink.)
NOTE: Private LAN allows you to set up a network behind VersaLink.
If you change the settings in this screen, click on save. If you click on reset, the changes will not take effect.
If you made changes and clicked on save, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK. This will
save your Private LAN Configuration settings. If you click Cancel, your new settings will not take effect.
Private LAN DHCP Server Enable
Private LAN Enable
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Default = CHECKED
If this box is CHECKED, it enables DHCP addresses to be served
from the Private LAN pool.
Default = CHECKED
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Modem IP Address
Subnet Mask
DHCP Start Address
DHCP End Address
DHCP Lease Time
VersaLink™ Gateway
If this box is CHECKED, it enables the addresses from the Private
LAN to use the NAT interface.
Displays VersaLink’s IP address
Displays the Subnet Mask, which determines what portion of an IP
address is controlled by the network and which portion is controlled
by the host.
Displays the first IP address that the DHCP server will provide.
Displays the last IP address that the DHCP server will provide.
Displays the amount of time the provided addresses will be valid,
after which the DHCP client will usually re-submit a request.
NOTE: DHCP Lease Time is displayed in the following format: (dd:hh:mm:ss)* This value must be greater than 10
seconds. The default = 01:00:00:00. Seconds must be between 0 and 59, minutes must be between 0 and 59, and
hours must be between 0 and 23.
*(dd = days, hh = hours, mm = minutes, ss = seconds).
If the settings you have entered in the Private LAN Configuration screen are incorrect, the following warnings
messages may be displayed via pop-up screens. If this occurs, check the settings in the Private LAN Configuration
screen.
Warning Message
Start Address is not part of the Subnet
End Address is not part of the Subnet
End Address is below the Start Address
Lease time must be greater than 10 seconds
Seconds must be between 0 and 59
Minutes must be between 0 and 59
Hours must be between 0 and 23
Check Private LAN DHCP Settings
Check the value in the DHCP Start Address field
Check the value in the DHCP End Address field
Check the value in the DHCP End Address field
Check the values in the DHCP Lease Time fields
Check the Seconds value in the DHCP Lease Time field
Check the Minutes value in the DHCP Lease Time field
Check the Hours value in the DHCP Lease Time field
12.5.6 Public LAN Configuration – Multiple IP Address PassThrough
The following screen will be displayed if you select Public LAN from the Advanced LAN menu. Click in the
Public LAN DHCP Server Enable box. A check mark will appear in the box.
NOTE: The Public LAN feature, if available from your service provider, allows VersaLink to use LAN IP addresses
that are accessible from the WAN. Public LAN allows your computer to have global address ability. To utilize the
Public LAN feature on VersaLink, your ISP must support Public LAN and Static IP. Contact your ISP for details.
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The public devices are visible on the Internet unlike a local NAT’ed PC. The example below shows four NAT’ed
PCs and one global PC. The arrows show the data path for each flow.
IP
PPP
10.16.0.1
192.168.0.2
IP
NAT
192.168.0.3
192.168.0.1
Ethernet
DSL
192.168.0.4
IP Router
Modem
WAN
192.168.0.5
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Public LAN DHCP Server Enable
Public LAN Enable
Public LAN IP Address
Public LAN Subnet Mask
VersaLink™ Gateway
Default = NOT CHECKED
If this box is CHECKED, it enables DHCP addresses to be served
from the Public LAN pool.
Default = NOT CHECKED
If this box is CHECKED, it enables the addresses from the Public
LAN to bypass the NAT interface.
Provides a Public IP Address if the service provider does not
automatically provide one.
Provides a Public Subnet Mask if the service provider does not
automatically provide one.
If you clicked on the Public LAN DHCP Server Enable box, the following screen will be displayed. Click on the
Public LAN Enable box to enable Public LAN.
NOTE: By enabling the Public LAN DHCP Server, you automatically disable the Private LAN DHCP Server on
VersaLink.
If you clicked on the Public LAN Enable box, the following screen will be displayed, showing the Public LAN
Enable box selected. Click on save.
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If you selected Public LAN Enable, or if you made other changes in the Public LAN Configuration screen and
clicked on save, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK to save the new settings. If you click
on Cancel, your new settings will not take effect.
NOTE: DHCP Lease Time is displayed in the following format: (dd:hh:mm:ss)*. This value must be greater than 10
seconds. The default = 01:00:00:00. Seconds must be between 0 and 59, minutes must be between 0 and 59, and
hours must be between 0 and 23.
*(dd = days, hh = hours, mm = minutes, ss = seconds).
If the settings you have entered in the Public LAN Configuration screen are incorrect, the following warnings
messages may be displayed via pop-up screens. If this occurs, check settings in the Public LAN Configuration
screen.
Warning Message
Start Address is not part of the Subnet
End Address is not part of the Subnet
End Address is below the Start Address
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Check Public LAN DHCP Settings
Check the value in the DHCP Start Address field
Check the value in the DHCP End Address field
Check the value in the DHCP End Address field
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Lease time must be greater than 10 seconds
Seconds must be between 0 and 59
Minutes must be between 0 and 59
Hours must be between 0 and 23
Check the values in the DHCP Lease Time fields
Check the Seconds field at DHCP Lease Time
Check the Minutes field at DHCP Lease Time
Check the Hours field at DHCP Lease Time
If you clicked on OK in the Load new Public LAN configuration? screen, the following pop-up screen will be
displayed. This will allow the modem to be reset and the new configuration will take effect. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding screen, the following screen will be displayed. VersaLink will be reset and
the new configuration will take effect.
After a brief delay, the home page will be displayed. Confirm that you have a DSL sync and that your PPP session
displays UP. (Click on the connect button to establish a PPP session).
NOTE: Whenever the PPP Status displays DOWN, you do not have a PPP session established. If your Gateway’s
connection setting is set to “Always On,” after a brief delay the PPP session will be established automatically and
the PPP Status will display UP. If the connection setting is set to “Manual,” you must click on the Connect button
to establish a PPP session. Once the PPP session has been established (PPP Status displays UP), you may proceed
with your Gateway’s configuration.
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12.5.7 VLAN
The following settings will be displayed if you select VLAN from the Advanced LAN menu.
VLAN Enable
LAN Port
VLAN ID
VLAN Priority
Outgoing VLAN Tag
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Factory Default = DISABLED
If this box is check, VLAN will be Enabled. This will allow VLAN
tagging to occur according to the data port’s configuration.
This allows you to select the LAN port that you wish to configure.
Possible responses are:
Ethernet Port 1
Ethernet Port 2
Ethernet Port 3
Ethernet Port 4
WLAN Port
This allows you to assign a VLAN ID to the port.
Possible responses are:
1 through 8
This allows you to set the VLAN priority for the port.
Possible responses are:
0 through 7
This allows you to keep or remove the VLAN tag on the port when
data is outgoing.
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To enable VLAN click on the box adjacent to the VLAN Enable field. A check mark will appear in the box.
Click on save.
NOTE: For VLAN to function properly, the VLAN ID must be set to a value other than ‘1’ in VLAN
Configuration screen and in the VC 1 Configuration screen when the you are using the Bridge (VLAN Bridge)
protocol. See Advanced WAN section for configuring VC’s (refer to section 12.6.5).
NOTE: If you change the values in the VLAN Configuration screen and click the reset button, the screen will
display the previously set values for the LAN Port you have selected. If you change the settings in this screen, you
must click save to save the new settings.
If you click on save, the following pop-up screen will appear. Click OK in the pop-up screen to allow the new
settings to take effect.
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12.6 Advanced WAN
This section explains the configurable features of VersaLink that are available if you select Advanced WAN from
the Configuration menu.
NOTE: If VersaLink is configured for ETHERNET PORT 1, QOS will not be displayed. You must configure
VersaLink for DSLATM PORT to access QOS in the Advanced WAN drop-down menu. Refer to section 12.6.2.1
for details.
12.6.1 ATM Loopbacks
If you select ATM Loopbacks from the Configuration menu, the following settings will be displayed.
NOTE: When the Enable ATM 0/21 box is checked, this feature is enabled. If the box does not display a check
mark, this feature is disabled. If you change the setting in this screen, you must click on save. Westell does not
recommend that you change this setting.
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Enable ATM 0/21 Loopback:
VersaLink™ Gateway
Factory Default = ENABLED
This option enables the 0/21 loopback , which is used by your ISP.
NOTE: Westell does not recommend that you change this setting.
12.6.2 WAN Configuration
The following settings will be displayed if you select WAN from the Advanced WAN menu. If you change the
Bridge Broadcast, Bridge Multicast, or Spanning Tree Protocol configurations in this screen, click on the save
filter settings button to allow these changes to take effect. If you change any of the Status configurations, a pop-up
screen will prompt you to reset the Gateway. After the Gateway has been reset, the Status configurations will take
effect. The edit button allows you to change the VC configuration settings of the Gateway. Details on the edit
button are explained later in section 12.6.3.
NOTE: The actual information displayed in this screen may vary, depending on the network connection established.
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WAN PORT
Status
VPI
VCI
Protocol
NOTE: The configuration
specified by your Service
Provider will determine which
Protocols are available to you.
Bridge Broadcast
Bridge Multicast
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Factory Default = DSLATM PORT
Possible Responses:
DSLATM PORT
ETHERNET PORT 1
Allows you to enable or disable your VC (Virtual Connection)
Displays the VPI (Virtual Path Indicator) value for a particular VC, which is
defined by your Service Provider.
Displays the VCI (Virtual Channel Indicator) value for a particular VC,
which is defined by your Service Provider.
Displays the Protocol for each VC, which is specified by your Service
Provider.
PPPoA = Point to Point Protocol over ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode)
PPPoE = Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet
Bridge = Bridge Protocol
Classical IPoA = Internet Protocol over ATM (Asynchronous Transfer
Mode). This is an ATM encapsulation of the IP protocol.
Factory Default = CHECKED
When this setting is CHECKED, VersaLink will allow Broadcast IP packets
to/from the WAN.
When this setting is NOT CHECKED, VersaLink will block Broadcast IP
packets to/from the WAN.
This setting is only valid if one of the Virtual Channels is configured for
Bridge mode.
Factory Default = CHECKED
When this setting is CHECKED, VersaLink will allow Multicast IP packets
to/from the WAN.
When this setting is NOT CHECKED, VersaLink will block Multicast IP
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Spanning Tree Protocol
packets to/from the WAN.
This setting is only valid if one of the Virtual Channels is configured for
Bridge mode.
Factory Default = DISABLED
Spanning Tree Protocol is a link management protocol that provides path
redundancy while preventing undesirable loops in the network. For Ethernet
network to function properly, only one active path can exist between two
stations.
When ENABLED, two bridges are used to interconnect the same two
computer network segments. Spanning Tree Protocol will allow the bridges to
exchange information so that only one of them will handle a given message
that is being sent between two computers within the network.
NOTE: Spanning Tree can’t be enabled if VLAN is enabled.
12.6.2.1
Enabling DSLATM PORT – Disabling ETHERNET PORT 1
To configure the VersaLink so that it uses the DSL port, select DSLATM PORT from the WAN PORT drop-down
arrow. By selecting DSLATM PORT, you will enable the VersaLink’s DSL transceiver. This will disable the WAN
Ethernet port and allow the WAN interface to use the DSL port.
NOTE: All of VersaLink’s menu options are displayed if VersaLink is configured for DSLATM PORT.
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If you select DSLATM PORT from the WAN Port drop-down arrow, the following screen will be displayed. Click
on OK.
If you click on OK in the preceding pop-up screen, the following screen will be displayed. Click on OK. If you
click on Cancel, the change will not take effect.
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If you clicked on OK in the preceding pop-up screen, the following pop-up screen will appear. VersaLink must be
reset to allow the new configuration to take effect. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding screen, the following screen will be displayed. VersaLink will be reset and
the new configuration will take effect.
After a brief delay, the home page will be displayed. Confirm that you have a DSL sync and that your PPP session
displays UP. (Click on the connect button to establish a PPP session).
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12.6.2.2
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Disabling DSLATM PORT – Enabling ETHERNET PORT 1
To configure the VersaLink so that it uses the WAN Ethernet Port, select ETHERNET PORT 1 from the WAN
PORT drop-down arrow. By selecting ETHERNET PORT 1, you will disable the VersaLink’s DSL transceiver.
This will disable the DSL Port and allow the WAN interface to use the WAN Ethernet Port.
NOTE: If ETHERNET PORT 1 is configured, the VersaLink’s menu options may or may not be displayed. The
sections explained throughout this document will indicate when a menu item is unavailable. The UPLINK feature is
optional, and if UPLINK is not enabled in the .ini file, the Gateway will use DSL and Wireless only.
NOTE: If you experience any problems, please reset VersaLink via the external hardware reset button or via the
procedure defined under the Maintenance menu in section 14.1. (Factory defaults become current configuration.)
If you select ETHERNET PORT 1 from the WAN Port drop-down arrow, the following screen will be displayed.
Click on OK.
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If you click on OK in the preceding pop-up screen, the following screen will be displayed. Click on OK. If you
click on Cancel, the change will not take effect.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding pop-up screen, the following pop-up screen will appear. VersaLink must be
reset to allow the new configuration to take effect. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding screen, the following screen will be displayed. VersaLink will be reset and
the new configuration will take effect.
After VersaLink has been reset, the DSL LED will be OFF. This is because the DSL transceiver has now been
disabled. However, the Power, Ethernet, and Wireless LEDs will remain lit.
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12.6.3 Editing the WAN Configuration
The following VC 1 Configuration screen will be displayed if you click on the edit button adjacent to any of the
‘Enabled’ protocols displayed in the WAN Configuration screen. (Note: The Protocol must be enabled before you
can edit its VC configuration.) The VC 1 Configuration screen allows you to edit your virtual connection (VC). A
virtual connection identifies a connection through the service provider’s ATM network to your ISP. Unlike physical
hardware connections, virtual connections are defined by data.
If you change any of the VC settings in the following screen, click on the Set VC button.
NOTE: If you experience any problems, please reset VersaLink via the external hardware reset button or via the
procedure defined under the Maintenance menu in section 14.1. The actual information displayed in this screen
may vary, depending on network connection established.
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VPI
VCI
PCR
QoS
Protocol
Status
IP Address
VersaLink
DNS Primary
DNS Secondary
MRU Negotiation
LCP Echo Disable
LCP Echo Failures
LCP Echo Retry Duration
LCP Echo Retry Duration
Tunneling
VersaLink™ Gateway
VC 1 Configuration
This setting allows you to change your VPI (Virtual Path Indicator) value for a
particular VC, which is defined by your Service Provider.
This setting allows you to change your VCI (Virtual Channel Indicator) value for a
particular VC, which is defined by your Service Provider.
Factory Default = 100%
Peak Cell Rate (PCR)-The maximum rate at which cells can be transmitted across a
virtual circuit, specified in cells per second and defined by the interval between the
transmission of the last bit of one cell and the first bit of the next.
This value is a percentage of the current data rate.
100 allows this VC to use 100% of the available bandwidth.
80 allows this VC to use 80% of the available bandwidth.
Quality of Service, which is determined by your Service Provider.
Possible Responses:
CBR = Constant Bit Rate
UBR = Unspecified Bit Rate
VBR = Variable Bit Rate
The Protocol for each VC, which is specified by your Service Provider.
Possible Responses:
PPPoA = Point to Point Protocol over ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode)
PPPoE = Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet
Bridge = Bridge Protocol
Classical IPoA = Internet Protocol over ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode). This
is an ATM encapsulation of the IP protocol.
The protocol status.
VC x PPPoE Settings
Displays the IP network address that your modem is on.
Displays VersaLink IP VersaLink address
Provided by your Service Provider
Provided by your Service Provider
Factory Default = DISABLED
If ENABLED, the Maximum Received Unit (MRU) would enforce MRU
negotiations. (NOTE: enable this option only at your Internet Service Provider’s
request.)
Factory Default = Enable
If checked, this option will disable the modem LCP Echo transmissions.
Indicates number of continuous LCP echo non-responses received before the PPP
session is terminated.
The interval between LCP Echo transmissions with responses.
The interval between LCP. Echo after no response.
Factory Default = ENABLE
If ENABLED, this option allows PPP traffic to be bridged to the WAN. This feature
allows you to use a PPPoE shim on the host computer to connect to the Internet
Service Provider, by bypassing VersaLink’s capability to do this.
NOTE: Tunneling is available in PPPoE mode only.
NOTE: The values for IP Address, VersaLink, DNS Primary, and DNS Secondary are all “Override of the value
obtained from the PPP connection,” They default to “0.0.0.0,” in which case the override is ignored. Westell
recommends that you do not change the values unless your Internet Service Provider instructs you to change them.
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If you have made any changes to your VC settings, you need to save them. To save the new VC settings, click on
OK when asked Set this PPPoE VC configuration? If you click on cancel, the new VC settings will not be saved.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding pop-up screen, the following pop-up screen will appear. VersaLink must be
reset to allow the new configuration to take effect. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding screen, the following screen will be displayed. VersaLink will be reset and
the new configuration will take effect.
After a brief delay, the home page will be displayed. Confirm that you have a DSL sync and that your PPP session
displays UP. (Click on the connect button to establish a PPP session).
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12.6.4 Configuring VersaLink’s Protocol Settings for PPPoE Mode
To configure VersaLink’s protocol settings for PPPoE mode, select WAN from the Advanced WAN menu. The WAN
Configuration screen will be displayed. Next, click on the edit button adjacent to any of the existing ‘Enabled’ VC
(Virtual Connection) protocols.
NOTE: The protocol status must display “Enable” to allow edits to its VC configuration.
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If you clicked on edit in the WAN Configuration screen, the following VC 1 Configuration screen will be
displayed. Select PPPoE from the options listed in Protocol drop-down arrow. After you have made the
configuration for this protocol, select the set VC button.
If you click the set VC button, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK in the pop-up screen. If
you click on Cancel, the new settings will not be saved. After you click on OK, follow the instructions to reset the
Gateway, as previously discussed in section 12.6.3.
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12.6.5 Configuring VersaLink’s Protocol Settings for Bridge Mode
To configure VersaLink’s protocol settings for Bridge mode, select WAN from the Advanced WAN menu. The WAN
Configuration screen will be displayed. Next, click on the edit button adjacent to any of the existing ‘Enabled’ VC
(Virtual Connection) protocols. The VC1 Configuration screen will be displayed.
NOTE: The protocol status must display “Enable” to allow edits to its VC configuration.
If you select Bridge protocol from the Protocol drop-down arrow, the following screen will be displayed. Select a
mode from the options listed in the Mode drop-down arrow, under VC 1 – Bridge Settings.
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VC 1 Configuration
This setting allows you to change your VPI (Virtual Path Indicator) value for a
particular VC, which is defined by your Service Provider.
This setting allows you to change your VCI (Virtual Channel Indicator) value for a
particular VC, which is defined by your Service Provider.
Factory Default = 100%
Peak Cell Rate (PCR)-The maximum rate at which cells can be transmitted across a
virtual circuit, specified in cells per second and defined by the interval between the
transmission of the last bit of one cell and the first bit of the next.
VPI
VCI
PCR
QoS
This value is a percentage of the current data rate.
100 allows this VC to use 100% of the available bandwidth.
80 allows this VC to use 80% of the available bandwidth.
Quality of Service, which is determined by your Service Provider.
Protocol
CBR = Constant Bit Rate
UBR = Unspecified Bit Rate
VBR = Variable Bit Rate
The Protocol for each VC, which is specified by your Service Provider.
Status
Mode
PPPoA = Point to Point Protocol over ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode)
PPPoE = Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet
Bridge = Bridge Protocol
Classical IPoA = Internet Protocol over ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode). This
is an ATM encapsulation of the IP protocol.
The protocol status.
VC 1 Bridge Settings
Bridge = A bridge is a layer 2 device that connects two segments of the same LAN that use the
same protocol such as Ethernet. The modem does not have a WAN IP address in this mode. The
client PC will typically get an IP address from a DHCP server in the network or the IP address can
be assigned to the client PC statically.
Routed Bridge = Routed Bridged Encapsulation (RBE) is the process by which a bridged segment
is terminated on a routed interface. Specifically, VersaLink is routing on an IEEE 802.3 or
Ethernet header carried over RFC 1483 bridged ATM. RBE was developed to address the known
RFC1483 bridging issues, including broadcast storms and security. The modem will get a WAN
IP address through DHCP or can be assigned statically. NAT will use the global address assigned
to the modem.
Proxy Bridge = Proxy Bridge is the process in which the modem acts as a proxy ARP agent for a
local public subnet. The modem will be assigned an IP address from within that public subnet.
The modem will direct all traffic to a VersaLink, which is configured statically. VersaLink
address must not reside within VersaLink’s assigned public subnet. All traffic will be sent via
VersaLink’s MAC address. The LAN may also have a private NAT'ed network. NAT will use the
global address assigned to the modem.
VLAN = Assigns VLAN tags to individual data ports on the modem.
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If you selected the Routed Bridge mode under VC 1- Bridge Settings, the following screen will be displayed.
Enter the appropriate values in the fields and click on set VC.
Mode
DHCP Client
IP Address
Gateway
DNS Primary
DNS Secondary
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VC 1 - Bridge Settings (Routed Bridge)
The Mode you have selected to use with Bridge protocol.
Selecting a radio button allows you to either Enable or Disable the DHCP Client.
Displays the IP network address that your modem is on.
Displays the modem’s IP gateway address.
Provided by your Service Provider.
Provided by your Service Provider.
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If you selected Proxy Bridge mode under VC 1- Bridge Settings, the following screen will be displayed. Enter the
appropriate values in the fields and click on set VC.
Mode
Gateway
DNS Primary
DNS Secondary
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VC 1 - Bridge Settings (Proxy Bridge)
The Mode you have selected to use with Bridge protocol.
Displays the modem’s IP address.
Provided by your Service Provider.
Provided by your Service Provider.
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If you selected VLAN Bridge under VC 1- Bridge Settings, the following screen will be displayed. Enter the
appropriate values in the fields and click on set VC.
Mode
VLAN ID
VLAN Priority
VLAN on WAN
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VC 1 - Bridge Settings (VLAN Bridge)
The Mode you have selected to use with Bridge protocol.
VLAN is used to assign VLAN tags to individual data ports on the modem.
Assigns a VLAN ID to the port.
This will set the VLAN priority for the port.
Factory Default = DISABLE
Selecting Enable allows VLAN tagging to occur according to the data port’s
configuration.
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After you have configured the VC 1 Configuration screen, you must click the set VC button to save your VC
settings.
If you click the set VC button, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK in the pop-up screen. If
you click on Cancel, the new settings will not be saved. After you click on OK, follow the instructions to reset the
Gateway, as previously discussed in section 12.6.3.
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12.6.6 Configuring VC Protocol Settings for ETHERNET PORT 1
To configure the Gateway’s VC settings via the Ethernet uplink port, select ETHERNET PORT 1 at the WAN
Port drop-down arrow.
If you select ETHERNET PORT 1, the following pop-up will be displayed. Click on OK.
If you click on OK, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK.
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If you click on OK in the preceding pop-up screen, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK, the following screen will be displayed. VersaLink™ will be reset and the new configuration
will take effect.
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After the Gateway has been reset, from the Configuration menu, select Advanced WAN and then select WAN.
The following screen will be displayed
If you click edit, the following screen will be displayed. By using this screen, you can configure the WAN Ethernet
port settings of your Gateway.
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To configure the WAN Ethernet port for routed bridge protocol, select ROUTED from the Protocol drop-down
arrow.
If you select ROUTED, the following screen will be displayed. Enter the appropriate values in the fields and click on set.
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If you click on set, the following pop-up screen will be displayed. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding pop-up screen, the following pop-up screen will appear. VersaLink must be
reset to allow the new configuration to take effect. Click on OK.
If you clicked on OK in the preceding screen, the following screen will be displayed. VersaLink will be reset and
the new configuration will take effect.
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After the modem has been reset, the WAN Configuration screen will display Routed Bridge as the protocol for
ETHERNET PORT 1.
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12.6.7 QOS
The following settings will be displayed if you select QOS from the Advanced WAN menu. If you change any
settings in this screen, click on save. If you click on reset, this screen will refresh and display your last saved QoS
configuration.
NOTE: The QOS feature helps ensure data integrity in high-speed transmissions. QOS provides the capability to
partition network traffic into multiple priority levels or classes of service. After packet classification, other QOS
features can be utilized to assign the appropriate traffic handling policies including congestion management,
bandwidth allocation, and delay bounds for each traffic class.
QOS Enable
Turbo TCP Enable
QOS Filter Enable
QOS Classification
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Factory Default = DISABLED
If this box is checked, Quality of Service (QOS) will be Enabled.
Factory Default = DISABLED
If this box is checked, Turbo TCP will be Enabled.
QOS Configuration
Factory Default = DISABLED
If this box is checked, this will Enable the QOS filter.
This feature provides the capability to partition network traffic into
multiple priority levels or classes of service. After packet classification,
other QoS features can be utilized to assign the appropriate traffic handling
policies including congestion management, bandwidth allocation, and delay
bounds for each traffic class.
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Peak Information Rte (%)
Committed Information Rate (%)
Peak Burst Size
Committed Burst Size
Max Queue Size
Latency Boundary
Latency Threshold (ms)
IP Fragmentation Enable
IP Fragment Size
VersaLink™ Gateway
Possible responses are:
Best Effort (BE)
Assured Forwarding (AF1)
Assured Forwarding (AF2)
Assured Forwarding (AF3)
Assured Forwarding (AF4)
Expedited Forwarding (EF)
Network Control (NC)
The maximum allowed rate for this priority, expressed as a percentage of
the DSL rate.
The committed rate for this priority, expressed as a percentage of the DSL
rate.
The interval in milliseconds for averaging the peak offered rate.
The interval in milliseconds for averaging the committed offered rate.
The number of packets that can be queued for this priority.
Latency Measurements
This configures the maximum latency boundary in milliseconds that a
specific packet may be delayed by.
This setting configures the maximum latency boundary in milliseconds that
a specific packet may be delayed by.
Possible responses are:
Boundary 1:0 ms
Boundary 2:10 ms
Boundary 3:30 ms
Boundary 4:40 ms
Boundary 5:100 ms
Boundary 6:1000 ms
Boundary 7:3000 ms
Factory Default = DISABLED
If this box is checked, IP Fragmentation will be Enabled. If Enabled and
packets larger than 1500 bytes total are received, they will be fragmented.
This is the IP Packet Size.
Possible responses are:
100, 148, 244, 292, 340, 388, or 436
If you made changes to the QOS Configuration and clicked on save, the following screen will be displayed. Click
on OK. This will save your new QOS settings.
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12.6.8 Route
The following settings will be displayed if you select Route from the Advanced WAN menu. The Route table
maintains the routes or paths of where specific types of data shall be routed across a network.
Note: In this screen, VersaLink represents ‘Gateway.’
To add a Route, enter a Subnet Mask address, or check the Host Route box. Click on the add button to establish a
static route.
IP Interfaces
Address
Subnet Mask
Name
Network Routing Table
Destination Address
Subnet Mask
VersaLink
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IP Interfaces
The list of active interfaces on the modem and their IP and Subnet mask address.
Eth0 is the local LAN interface.
Lo0 is the loopback interface.
The IP interface address.
The IP interface subnet address.
The IP interface device name.
Network Routing Table
The list of network routes. These can be either routes for directly connected
interfaces or static routes.
The IP address or subnet of the Route.
If the Route is a network route, Subnet Mask is used to specify the subnet address.
If the Route is a Host route, then the Host Route check box is used.
Indicates were to send the packet if it matches this route.
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Interface
Metric
RIP
Host Routing Table
Destination Address
Subnet Mask
VersaLink
Interface
Metric
RIP
Inactive Routes
Destination Address
Subnet Mask
VersaLink
Interface
Metric
RIP
Add Route
Destination Address
Subnet Mask/ Host Route
VersaLink/IP Address
Metric
RIP Conf
Save to Modem
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Indicates were to send the packet if it matches this route.
The RIP metric to be assigned to this route if and when it is advertised using RIP.
Indicates whether a static route should be advertised via RIP.
Host Routing Table
The list of host routes. A host route is an IP route with a 32-bit mask, indicating a
single destination (as opposed to a subnet, which could match several destinations.)
The IP address or subnet of the Route.
If the Route is a network route, Subnet Mask is used to specify the subnet address.
If the Route is a Host route, then the Host Route check box is used.
Indicates were to send the packet if it matches this route.
Indicates were to send the packet if it matches this route.
The RIP metric to be assigned to this route if and when it is advertised using RIP.
Indicates whether a static route should be advertised via RIP.
Inactive Routes
Static routes whose interface is currently not in service.
The IP address or subnet of the Route.
If the Route is a network route, Subnet Mask is used to specify the subnet address.
If the Route is a Host route, then the Host Route check box is used.
Indicates were to send the packet if it matches this route.
Indicates were to send the packet if it matches this route.
The RIP metric to be assigned to this route if and when it is advertised using RIP.
Indicates whether a static route should be advertised via RIP.
Add Route
This is used to add a new static route in the modem.
The IP address or subnet of the Route.
If the Route is a network route, Subnet Mask is used to specify the subnet address.
If the Route is a Host route, then the Host Route check box is used.
The interface to use for sending the packet, if it matches this route. (Only active
VersaLinks can be used to create a static route.)
The RIP metric to be assigned to this route if and when it is advertised using RIP.
Determines whether or not to advertise the static route, using RIP. (RIP must also be
enabled before the route will be advertised.)
If checked, then the route will be made permanent by saving it to flash memory. If
not checked, the route will disappear the next time the modem restarts.
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12.6.9 RIP
The following details will be displayed if you select RIP from the Advanced WAN menu. If you change any
settings in this screen, click on save. If you click on reset, this screen will refresh and display your last saved RIP
configuration.
RIP (Routing Interface Protocol) is a dynamic inter-network routing protocol primarily used in interior routing
environments. A dynamic routing protocol, as opposed to a static routing protocol, automatically discovers routes
and builds routing tables.
Note: In this screen, Versa Link represents ‘Gateway.’
RIP Enable
Interface Type
Receive
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If this box is checked, RIP will be Enabled (turned ON).
RIP Configuration
LAN: Select this if you are configuring RIP for the LAN side.
WAN: Select this if you are configuring RIP for the WAN side. (WAN side is
receive only.)
The version of RIP to be accepted.
Possible responses are:
None
RIPv1
RIPv2
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Transmit
RIPv2 Authentication Mode
Default VersaLink
Border VersaLink Filtering
RIP Timer Rate
RIP Supply Interval
RIP Expire Time
RIP Garbage Collection Time
VersaLink™ Gateway
RIPv1 or RIPv2
The version of RIP to be transmitted. (WAN side RIP never transmits)
Possible responses are:
None
RIPv1
RIPv1 Compatible
RIPv2
If using RIP V2, you must select the type of authentication to use.
Possible responses are:
None
Clear Text
MD5 (If MD5 authentication, the password)
Advanced
Factory Default = DISABLED
If this box is check (Enabled), this feature will determine whether the modem
advertises itself as a VersaLink (i.e., the default route)
Factory Default = ENABLED
If this box is unchecked (Disabled), the modem will not summarize subnets into
a single route before advertising.
Indicates how often to update the local routing table.
Indicates how often to advertise routes to neighbors.
Indicates how long routes received from neighbors become invalid, if no refresh
of the route is received.
Indicates how long to advertise invalid routes after they have expired.
If you change any settings in the RIP Configuration screen and clicke on save, the following screen will be
displayed. Click on OK to save your new RIP settings.
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13. SETTING UP ADVANCED SERVICE CONFIGURATION
You can set up additional Service Configuration options for VersaLink that allow you to enter the port forwarding
and trigger ports ranges of your choice. Go to Configuration at the homepage menu and select Services.
When you click on define custom service in the Service Configuration screen, the Custom Service screen will
guide you through the steps of creating an advanced NAT service entry via the define custom service button.
NOTE: Westell strongly recommends that you do not change any values in this section. If you experience any
problems, please reset VersaLink via the external hardware reset button or the procedure defined under the
Maintenance menu.
Port Forwarding Ranges of Ports
Trigger Ports
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This option allows you to forward a range of WAN ports to an IP address on
the LAN.
This option allows you to forward a range of ports to an IP address on the
LAN only after specific outbound traffic.
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13.1 Port Forwarding Ranges of Ports
To select Port Forwarding Ranges of Ports, click on define custom service from the Service Configuration
screen, and then select Port Forwarding Ranges of Ports from the Custom Service screen. Click on Next. The
Port Range screen will be displayed. Enter your values in the Global Port Range fields and click next to continue.
13.2 Adding Port Forwarding Ports
If you made changes in the Port Range screen and clicked on next, the following screen will be displayed. Click on
close to accept the changes, or click on add to go back to Port Range screen and enter additional port range values.
You can repeat this step for each range of ports that you want to add (up to 62 port forwarding ranges). When you
are finished adding ports to the Global Port Range, you must click on close to accept the information you have
entered and return to the Service Configuration screen.
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Service Name
Type
Protocol
Local IP Address
Base Host Port
VersaLink™ Gateway
The NAT service for which you are configuring Port Forwarding.
The type of NAT service configuration you selected.
The type of Protocol that is used to run this NAT service.
TCP- Transmission Control Protocol.
UDP-User Datagram Protocol (UDP).
If a static IP address has been assigned, it will be displayed here.
The port on the WAN that will host the NAT service selected. Base Host Port is the
first port that will be used for a specific service when configured for a range of ports.
13.3 Port Forwarding Trigger Ports
To select Port Forwarding Trigger Ports, click on define custom service from the Service Configuration screen,
and then select Trigger Ports from the Custom Service screen. Click on next. The follow settings will be displayed
in the Trigger Ports screen. Enter your values in the Local ‘Trigger’ Port Range fields and click on next to
continue.
Service Name
Local Trigger Port Range
Global Port Range
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The NAT service you selected.
The local LAN side TCP/UDP port.
The WAN side TCP/UDP port range.
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13.4 Adding Local Trigger Ports
If you made changes in the Local ‘Trigger’ Port Range screen and clicked next, the following screen will be
displayed. Click on close to accept the changes, or click on add to go back to the Trigger Ports screen and enter
additional port range values. You can repeat this step for each port range that you want to add (up to 10 trigger
ports). When you are finished adding ports to the Local ‘Trigger” Port Range, you must click on close to accept the
information you have entered and to return to the Service Configuration screen.
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13.5 Static NAT
If you select Services from the Configuration menu, the following screen will be displayed, showing the static
NAT button. Static NAT allows you to configure VersaLink to work with the special NAT services.
NOTE: When the Gateway is configured for Static NAT, any unsolicited packets arriving at the WAN would be
forwarded to this device. This feature is used in cases where the user wants to host a server for a specific application.
STOP: Single Static IP must be disabled (if it has been enabled previously) before you enable static NAT. To
disable Single Static IP, select Single Static IP from the Configuration menu. Next, click on the disable button,
and then click on OK in the pop-up screens to allow the Gateway to be reset. As explained in section 12.1 (Single
Static IP), you must reboot your computer after you enable or disable Single Static IP. After you have rebooted your
computer, return to static NAT configuration screen by selecting Services from the Configuration menu and
clicking on the static NAT button.
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13.6 Enabling Static NAT
Before you enable static NAT, you must select Default from the Current Profile drop-down box. Static NAT must
be configured for the Gateway’s default account profile. After you select the default profile, click the static NAT
button.
NOTE: In the following screen, the default account profile is labeled Default. However, if you have renamed the
default account profile, you must select the profile name you created as the default profile.
If you click on the static NAT button in the Service Configuration screen, the following screen will be displayed.
Select your device from the Static NAT Device drop-down arrow, or type the IP address of the device in the field
labeled IP Address. Click on enable. This will automatically enable the Static NAT feature for that device.
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If you click enable, the following Service Configuration screen will display. Static NAT is now enabled for the
device you selected.
13.7 Disabling Static NAT
If you click on static NAT in the Service Configuration screen, the following screen will be displayed, select a
device name from the Static NAT Device drop-down arrow, or type the IP address of the device in the field labeled
IP Address. Click on disable. This will automatically disable the Static NAT feature for that device.
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If you click disable, the following Service Configuration screen will be displayed. Static NAT is now disabled for
the device you selected. (No device is displayed in the field adjacent to the static Nat button.)
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14. MAINTENANCE
14.1 Backup/Restore
The following settings will be displayed if you select Backup/Restore from the Maintenance menu.
NOTE: Backup settings are stored in a separate area of flash, not to an external backup source.
Current configuration
becomes Backup
Configuration
Backed up configuration
becomes Current
configuration
Factory default becomes
Current configuration
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Select this button if you want to store all of the current configuration data
such that it can be recalled later.
Select this button if you want to retrieve the last back up copy of all
configuration parameters and make these values current.
Select this button if you want set all user configurable parameters back to the
factory default.
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14.2 Firewall Log
The following settings will be displayed if you select Firewall Log from the Maintenance menu.
This screen is an advanced diagnostics screen. It alerts you of noteworthy information sent to VersaLink from the
Internet. The screen can contain 1000 entries, but a maximum of 50 entries are displayed at a time. Once 1000
entries have been logged, the oldest entry is removed to make space for the new entries as they occur. The following
settings are displayed.
Clear log
Printable/savable format
Settings
Packet
Date
Time
Direction/Source
Rule/Reason
Alert
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Selecting this button removes all entries from the log.
Selecting this button opens a new window that contains a list of all the logged
packets that can be saved or printed.
Selecting this button opens a new window that contains configuration settings
for selecting the information that you want logged.
The packet number.
The number of days passed since that the packet was sent.
The time that the packet was sent.
The direction of transmission.
The internal rule that caused the logged event. The internal rule is set up under
Firewall rules.
Displays a description of the logged event.
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If you clicked on details in the Firewall Log screen, the Packet Details screen will be displayed. Click on close.
To clear the Firewall log, click clear log in the Firewall Log screen. The following pop-up screen will be displayed.
Click OK when asked “Do you wish to clear the Firewall log file?” If you click Cancel, the firewall log will not
be cleared.
To obtain a printable format of the Firewall Log, at the Firewall Log screen, click Printable/Savable Format. This
will allow you to send a copy of the Firewall log to your designated printer.
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14.3 Administrative Password
The following settings will be displayed if you select Administrative Password from the Maintenance menu.
After you enter your data into the appropriate settings, click on change.
NOTE: If the Gateway is password protected and you are not an authorized user, you will not be able to change the
values. (The Gateway cannot be configured unless the user is logged in.) Contact your network administrator for
further instructions.
Enter Administrative Name
NOTE: This changes the Systems Administrator
password not the PPP password.
Enter Administrative Password
Verify Administrative Password
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Type the name of your network administrative.
Type your network administrator’s password.
Re-type your network administrator’s password.
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14.4 Remote Access
The following screen will appear if you select Remote Access from the Maintenance menu. To enable Remote
Access, type in a password and click the enable remote access button.
NOTE: The password should be at least 4 characters long and should not exceed 32 characters. Do not type a blank
space or asterisks in the Password field. The password is also case sensitive.
User Name
Password
URL
Displays your current User Name (Static field)
Field for entering your password
Displays the IP address of the remote management VersaLink
The following screen displays a message that the remote access is currently enabled. After 20 minutes of inactivity,
or on reboot, remote access will be automatically disabled. To disable remote access, click on the disable remote
access button.
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14.5 Update Device
The following screen will be displayed if you click on Update Device from the Maintenance menu. This screen is
used to update the firmware that controls the operation of VersaLink. The updated firmware may be loaded from
either a file that is located on your PCs hard drive or from update files stored on an Internet server.
NOTE: The configurable settings of your Gateway may be erased during the update process.
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Click on the check for web update button in the Update Device screen to check the web for possible software
updates. This screen will retrieve the software update file and display any available update information. You must be
connected to the Internet to use this option.
NOTE: If you click on check for web update and the page returns a “page not found” message, this indicates that the
software update file is not available. Go back to the previous screen to continue.
Click on the web update now button in the Update Device screen to download the software update file and
automatically update the modem firmware if an update is available and applicable. You must be connected to the
Internet to use this option.
If you click on the settings button in the Update Device screen, the following screen will appear. This screen
displays the location of the software update file.
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Click on the local update now button in the Update Device screen to select the upgrade file from your PC’s hard
drive. This screen allows you to upgrade the software on VersaLink. Click Browse… and go to the location where
the upgrade file is stored.
NOTE: The actual information displayed in this screen
may vary.
Select the appropriate upgrade file from your browser. The file name will appear in the field labeled Upgrade File.
Click on upload file.
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This screen shows that the file is being uploaded to VersaLink.
The screens below show that the file upload has completed and that the Programming Flash is being erased to
prepare the Flash storage area for upload of the new file. (Programming Flash is a temporary storage area for
uploaded files.)
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The screen below shows that the upload was successful. The Gateway will not reboot.
The following screen will be displayed as VersaLink is being reset.
After a brief delay, the home page will be displayed. Confirm that you have a DSL sync and that the PPP Status
displays UP. (Click on the reset button to re-establish your PPP session.)
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15. TROUBLESHOOTING
NOTE: Options in the Troubleshooting menu may or may not be displayed depending on VersaLinks WAN
Configuration (DSLATM PORT or ETHERNET PORT 1). However, all menu options are displayed if VersaLink is
configured for DSLATM PORT 1. The following sections provide further details on the Troubleshooting menu.
15.1 System Self Tests
The following settings will be displayed if you select System Self Tests from the Troubleshooting menu.
Click on test all to run a diagnostic test on VersaLink’s connection.
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If you want to PING using the System Self Test screen (diagnostics page) shown above, enter your DNS or IP
address in the fields provided and click on the test button. The System Self Test will run a diagnostic test that
executes independent of firewall security settings. See the following table for test descriptions and possible
responses.
If you want to PING using the MS-DOS (shell) window, first you will need to check your firewall security setting.
(If you PING via DOS shell you are susceptible to firewall rules, as this PING is dependent on VersaLink's firewall
settings.) If your firewall is set to Medium or High, you will not be able to PING. You must set your firewall
security setting to Low or None.
DSL
Connection/Status
VersaLink checks the status of the DSL connection.
PPPoE
Possible responses are:
UP: VersaLink is operating correctly and has obtained synchronization with the
opposing network device.
DOWN: VersaLink is operating correctly, but has not synchronized with the
opposing device.
Indicates that a PPPoE session is or is not established.
PPP
Possible responses are:
Session UP: A valid PPPoE session has been detected.
No Session: Currently there is no active PPPoE session established.
Initiating Session: A PPP session must be connected from the homepage screen.
Indicates that a PPPoE or PPPoA session must already be established.
Self Test
PING ISP’s VersaLink
DNS
Possible responses are:
Connection UP: VersaLink has established a connection
No Connection: There is no PPP connection
Initiating Connection: The PPP connection process has been initiated
Connection Halted: A successful PPP connection was halted
Cannot Connect: A PPP connection could not be made because of a PPPoE
session failure.
Authorization Failure: The user name or password is incorrect.
Link Control Protocol Failed: Re-establish the session (from the home page).
Test Description / Test Results
Performs an integrity check of certain internal components of VersaLink.
Performs an IP network check (i.e., an IP Ping) of the Service Provider’s
VersaLink. This test verifies that VersaLink can exchange IP traffic with an
entity on the other side of the DSL line.
Possible responses are:
Success: VersaLink has detected an IP Remote VersaLink connection.
No Response: The IP Remote VersaLink does not answer the IP Ping.
Could not test: The test could not be executed due to VersaLink settings. Check
your DSL sync or your PPP session. You must have both a DSL sync and a PPP
connection established to execute a PING.
Performs a test to try to resolve the name of a particular host. The host name is
entered in the input box.
Possible responses are:
Success: VersaLink has successfully obtained the resolved address. The IP
address is shown below the host name input box.
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IP Address
PING
(via IP Address or Host Name)
Trace
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No Response: VersaLink has failed to obtain the resolved address.
Host not found: The DNS Server was unable to find an address for the given
host name.
No data, enter host name: No host name is specified.
Could not test: The test could not be executed due to VersaLink settings. Check
your DSL sync or your PPP session. You must have both a DSL sync and a PPP
connection established to execute a PING.
IP Address of the Host Name.
Performs an IP connectivity check to a remote computer either within or beyond
the Service Provider’s network. You can PING a remote computer via the IP
address or the DNS address. If your PING fails, try a different IP or DNS
address.
Possible responses are:
Success: The Remote Host computer was detected.
No Response: There was no response to the Ping from the remote computer.
No name or address to PING: No host name or IP address was specified.
Could not test: The test could not be executed due to VersaLink settings. Check
your DSL sync or your PPP session. You must have both a DSL sync and a PPP
connection established to execute a PING.
Determines the route taken to destination by sending Internet Control Message
Protocol (ICMP) echo packets with varying IP Time-To-Live (TTL) values to
the destination. Trace Route is used to determine where the packet is stopped on
the network.
15.2 Diagnostic Logs
If you select Diagnostic Log, from the System Self Test menu, the following screen will be displayed.
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To see a list of the log options, click on the arrow at the LOGS drop-down menu. Select an option from the list
provided at the Diagnostics Logs screen.
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If you clicked on All, the following screen will be displayed. This screen provides a detailed list of VersaLink’s
connection status and system information. Click on clear diagnostic log to clear the diagnostic log information.
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15.2.1 Saving the Diagnostic Log File
If you want to save the diagnostic log file, go to your Browser’s menu and select File, then select Save As from the
drop-down menu.
At the Save Web Page dialog box, select a destination for your log file from the Save in drop-down arrow. Next,
enter a name for your log file in the field labeled File name and click on Save.
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15.3 Statistics
NOTE: If VersaLink is configured for ETHERNET PORT 1, only Ethernet and Wireless statistics will be
displayed in the Statistics menu. The DSL Transceiver statistics and the WAN VC statistics will not be displayed.
If you want to view DSL Transceiver and WAN VC statistics, you must configure VersaLink for DSLATM
PORT. Refer to section 12.6.2.1 for additional details.
15.3.1 Ethernet Port Statistics
The following settings will be displayed if you select Ethernet from the Statistics menu.
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In Errors
In Discard Packets
In Non Unicast Packets
In Unicast Packets
In Octets
Out Errors
Out Discard Packets
Out Non Unicast Packets
Out Unicast Packets
Out Octets
MTU
Interface Type
Interface Description
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The number of error packets received on the Ethernet interface.
The number of discarded packets received.
The number of non-Unicast packets received on the Ethernet interface.
The number of Unicast packets received on the Ethernet interface.
The number of bytes received on the Ethernet interface.
The number of outbound packets that could not be transmitted due to errors.
The number of outbound packets discarded.
The number of non-Unicast packets transmitted on the Ethernet interface.
The number of Unicast packets transmitted on the Ethernet interface.
The number of bytes transmitted on the Ethernet interface.
Maximum Transmission Unit- The number of data bytes contained in the Ethernet frame.
A unique identifier that represents the interface type.
A description field that refers to the interface type.
15.3.2 DSL Transceiver Statistics
The following settings will be displayed if you select DSL Transceiver from the Statistics menu.
NOTE: If VersaLink is configured using ETHERNET PORT 1, the following screen will not be available.
Transceiver Revision
Vendor ID Code
Line Mode
Data Path
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The transceiver software version number.
The CPE Vendor’s ID code for their chipset.
The operational mode. Modes supported are No Mode, Multi Mode, T.1413
Mode, G.DMT Mode, and G.LITE Mode.
The data path used (either Fast or Interleaved).
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Transceiver Information-Down Stream/Up Stream Path
The transmission rate that is provided by your Internet Service Provider (ISP).
The Signal-to-Noise Ratio (S/N) where 0 db = 1x10-7, which inhibits your DSL
speed.
Line Attenuation (dB)
The DSL line loss.
Transmit Power (db/Hz)
The transmitted signal strength.
DSL Speed (Kbits/Sec)
SNR Margin (db)
15.3.3 WAN VC Statistics
The following settings will be displayed if you select WAN VC from the Statistics menu.
NOTE: If VersaLink is configured using ETHERNET PORT 1, the following screen will not be available.
0/35
VPI/VCI
In Errors
In Discard Packets
In Non Unicast Packets
In Unicast Packets
In Octets
Out Errors
Out Discard Packets
Out Non Unicast Packets
Out Unicast Packets
Out Octets
MTU
Interface Type
Interface Description
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Displays the VPI/VCI values obtained from your Internet Service Provider.
The number of error packets received on the ATM port.
The number of discarded packets received.
The number of non-Unicast packets received on the ATM port.
The number of Unicast packets received on the ATM port.
The number of bytes received on the ATM port.
The number of outbound packets that could not be transmitted due to errors.
The number of outbound packets discarded.
The number of non-Unicast packets transmitted on the ATM port.
The number of Unicast packets transmitted on the ATM port.
The number of bytes transmitted on the ATM port.
Maximum Transmission Unit -The number of data bytes contained in the ATM frame.
A unique identifier that represents the interface type.
A description field that refers to the interface type.
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15.4 Wireless Statistics
The following settings will be displayed if you select Wireless from the Statistics menu.
Network Name (SSID)
802.11 MAC Address (BSSID)
FW Version
Wireless Card Information
This string, (32 characters or less) is the name associated with the Access
Point (AP). To connect to the AP, the Service Set ID (SSID) on a Station
card must match the SSID on the AP.
This is the Media Access Controller address of the AP. It is used as the Basic
Service Set Identifier (BSSID).
This is the Network Interface Card Identifier. It uniquely identifies the
hardware platform of the AP. This is used with other information to
determine if the inserted card can be used as an AP, and if so, the version of
AP firmware to be used. Not all makes of wireless station cards can be used
as an AP.
Communication Statistics
NOTE: Data preceded by OUT pertain to transmissions from the VersaLink to a station; VersaLink is the source.
Data preceded by IN pertain to data received by VersaLink; VersaLink is the destination.
The number of successfully transmitted frames whose destination address
OUT-Unicast Frames
was a single station; not necessarily the same station, but to any single
station as opposed to a transmission that multiple stations would receive-as
in the case of broadcast message.
The number of successfully transmitted frames whose destination address
OUT-Multicast Frames
was a multicast address (received by more that one station): not necessarily
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OUT-Fragments
OUT-Frames after one or more
retries
OUT-Dropped Frames, too many
retries
IN-Unicast Frames
IN-Multicast Frames
IN-Fragments
IN-Frames after one or more
retrie
IN-Drops due to insufficient Rx
buffers
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broadcast to all stations, but more than a single station. Broadcast messages
are included in the count.
The number of successful transmissions made. This will typically be greater
than the sum of the Unicast and Multicast frames because large frames are
broken into multiple transmissions. The number of fragments per frame is
based on the Fragmentation Threshold setting (not user-configurable).
The number of frames that successfully transmitted after more than one
retry. Any fragment of a frame that required multiple retries would
increment this counter for the whole frame.
The number of frames that did not transmit due to the short or long retry
limit being reached because no acknowledgement or CTS was received.
The number of successfully received frames whose destination address was a
single location, not necessarily the same location, but to any single location
as opposed to the broadcast address.
The number of successfully received frames whose destination address was a
multicast address. Broadcast messages are included in this count.
The number of fragments successfully received. This may not be equal to the
sum of the Unicast and Multicast frames because large frames are broken
into multiple transmissions. The number of fragments per frame is based on
the Fragmentation Threshold setting (not user-configurable) on the source
station.
The number of frames that successfully transmitted after more than one
retry. Any fragment of a frame that required multiple retries would
increment this counter for the whole frame.
The number of received frames discarded due to lack of buffer space.
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15.5 Status
15.5.1 LAN Devices
The following settings will be displayed if you select LAN Devices from the Status menu.
IP Address
MAC Address
Name
Status
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Devices on LAN
Displays the IP network address that VersaLink is on.
Media Access Controller (MAC) address of this device.
Displays the ASCII (text) name of the devices connected to the LAN.
Displays the status of the devices connected to the LAN.
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15.5.2 Wireless Stations
The following settings will be displayed if you select Wireless from the Status menu.
NOTE: A Wireless device must be connected to the Gateway for the fields in this screen to be populated.
Station
MAC Address
State
PBCC
Active Rate
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Wireless Stations List
This number indicates the order in which the stations are first accessed by
VersaLink.
The Media Access Controller Address assigned to the station.
The current state of the negotiation between the station and VersaLink.
Indicates whether the station that is associated with VersaLink operates in PBCC
(Packet Binary Convolutional Code) modulation.
The current transmit and receive rate.
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15.5.3 RIP Table
The following settings will be displayed if you select RIP Table from the Status menu.
NOTE: RIP must be enabled for this table to be populated.
RIP Network Routing Table
RIP Host Routing Table
Destination
Netmask
Gateway
Metric
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Indicates Network routes received via RIP.
The Host routes received via RIP.
The destination IP address of the route
The IP mask of the route
The gateway of the route
The RIP metric (0-15). A lower value is better.
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15.5.4 QOS Status
The following settings will be displayed if you select QOS from the Status menu. Click on the clear button to clear
all counts and statistics (not just latency counts). This does not affect the configuration values.
NOTE: QoS must be enabled on the Gateway for this table to be populated.
Queue Number
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Indicates the DiffServ Queue.
Possible responses are:
0 = Best Effort (BE)
1 = Assured Forwarding 1 (AF1)
2 = Assured Forwarding 2 (AF2)
3 = Assured Forwarding 2 (AF3)
4 = Assured Forwarding 2 (AF4)
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Max Queue Size
Total Dropped Packets
Total Enqueued Packets
Current Depth
Deepest Depth
Queue Number
Peak Info. Rate (%)
Committed Info Rate (%)
Peak Burst (ms)
Committed Burst (ms)
Total Packets Received
Total Marked Packets
Total Filter Packet Drops
Avg. DSL Bytes Per Packet
Avg. Packet Rate Per second
Queue Number
Not Time Stamped
A ms to B ms
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5 = Expedited Forwarding (EF)
6 = Routing Protocols (DiffServ priorities 6 and 7)
The maximum number of packets that can be queued for this priority.
Indicates how many packets of this priority have been dropped by QOS due to
lack of buffer space or filtering rules.
Displays the number of packets, destined for the WAN, that have been
received.
Displays the current number of packets of this priority that are queued.
Displays the most number of packets that have been queued at once for this
priority.
QOS Filter Statistics
The DiffServ Queue. (See Queue Number description above.)
The maximum allowed rate for this priority, expressed as a percentage of the
DSL rate.
The committed rate for this priority, expressed as a percentage of the DSL rate
Displays the interval in milliseconds for averaging the peak offered rate.
Displays the interval in milliseconds for averaging the committed offered rate.
Displays the total number of packets of this priority that are destined for the
LAN.
Displays the number of packets of this priority that exceeded the committed
rate, but not the peak rate, and were marked with a higher drop priority
Displays the number of packets of this priority that exceeded the peak rate and
that were, therefore, dropped.
Displays the average size of packets for this priority, including all overhead.
Displays the average rate (in packets per seconds) for this priority.
QOS Latency Counts
The DiffServ Queue. (See Queue Number description above.)
The packets with no incoming time stamp. (Often these are generated internal
to the modem.)
The number of packets of this priority whose time in the modem fell between
A and B milliseconds. (Time is measured from the point the packet arrives at
the modem’s processor until is passed to the ATM hardware for transmission.)
Possible ranges are (A ms to B ms):
0 ms to 10 ms
10 ms to 20 ms
20 ms to 40 ms
40 ms to 100 ms
100 ms to 1000 ms
1000 ms to 3000 ms
Larger than 3000 ms
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15.5.5 VOIP Status
The following settings will be displayed if you select VOIP from the Status menu.
NOTE: A VOIP device must be connected to the Gateway for this table to be populated.
URI
Local IP Address
Expiration
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SIP Registry Information
The SIP URI that is trying to register. (This field only indicates that a SIP
device tried to register, not that it succeeded.)
The local, LAN IP address of the SIP device.
Indicates how long (in seconds) until the registration expires.
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16. NAT SERVICES
For your convenience, VersaLink supports protocols for Applications, Games, and VPN-specific programs. The
following chart provides protocol information for the services supported by VersaLink.
NOTE: To configure VersaLink for a service or application, follow the steps in section 13 (Setting Up Advanced
Service Configuration) of this User Guide.
Applications/Games/VPN Support
Application/Game
Port/Protocol
Aliens vs. Predator
80 UDP, 2300 UDP, 8000-8999 UDP
America Online
5190 TCP/UDP
AoE II: Conquors
47624 TCP/UDP, 6073 TCP/UDP, 2300-2400
TCP/UDP
AOL Instant Messenger
4099 TCP, 5190 TCP
Asheron's Call
9000-9013 UDP, 28800-29000 TCP
Battlecom
2300-2400 TCP/UDP, 47624 TCP/UDP
Black and White
2611-2612 TCP, 6667 TCP, 6500 UDP, 27900
UDP
Blizzard Battle.net (Diablo II)
4000 TCP, 6112 TCP/UDP
Buddy Phone
700, 701 UDP
Bungie.net, Myth, Myth II Server
3453 TCP
Calista IP Phone
3000 UDP, 5190 TCP
Citrix Metaframe
1494 TCP
Client POP/IMAP
110 TCP
Client SMTP
25 TCP
Counter Strike
27015 TCP/UDP, 27016 TCP/UDP
Dark Reign 2
26214 TCP/UDP
Delta Force ( Client and Server )
3568 UDP, 3100-3999 TCP/UDP
Delta Force 2
3568-3569 UDP
DeltaForce: Land Warrior
DNS
Elite Force
Everquest
F-16, Mig 29
F-22 Lightning 3
F-22 Raptor
Fighter Ace II
Fighter Ace II for DX play
FTP
GameSpy Online
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UDP 53
TCP 21
TCP 7430
TCP 80
UDP 1029
UDP 1144
UDP 65436
UDP 17478
53 UDP
2600 UDP, 27500 UDP, 27910 UDP, 27960 UDP
1024-7000 TCP/UDP
3863 UDP
4660-4670 TCP/UDP, 3875 UDP, 4533-4534 UDP,
4660-4670 UDP
3874-3875 UDP
50000-50100 TCP/UDP
50000-50100 TCP/UDP, 47624 TCP, 2300-2400
TCP/UDP
20 TCP, 21 TCP
UDP 3783
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Application/Game
Port/Protocol
UDP 6515
TCP 6667
UDP 12203
TCP/UDP 13139
UDP 27900
UDP 28900
UDP 29900
UDP 29901
Ghost Recon
GNUtella
Half Life Server
Heretic II Server
Hexen II
Hotline Server
HTTPS
ICMP Echo
ICQ OLD
ICQ 2001b
ICUII Client
ICUII Client Version 4.xx
IMAP
IMAP v.3
Internet Phone
IPSEC ESP
IPSEC IKE
Ivisit
KALI, Doom & Doom II
KaZaA
Limewire
Medal Of Honor: Allied Assault
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TCP 80
UDP 1038
UDP 1032
UDP 53
UDP 2347
UDP 2346
6346 TCP/UDP, 1214 TCP
27005 UDP(client only)
27015 UDP
28910 TCP
26900 (+1) each player needs their own port.
Increment by one for each person
5500, 5503 TCP 5499 UDP
443 TCP/UDP
4 ICMP
4000 UDP, 20000-20019 TCP
4099 TCP, 5190 TCP
2000-2038 TCP, 2050-2051 TCP, 2069 TCP, 2085
TCP, 3010-3030 TCP
1024-5000 TCP, 2050-2051 TCP, 2069 TCP, 2085
TCP, 3010-3030 TCP, 2000-2038 TCP6700-6702
TCP, 6880 TCP, 1200-16090 TCP
119 TCP/UDP
220 TCP/UDP
22555 UDP
PROTOCOL 50
500 UDP
9943 UDP, 56768 UDP
2213 UDP, 6666 UDP (EACH PC USING KALI
MUST USE A DIFFERENT PORT NUMBER
STARTING WITH 2213 + 1
1214 TCP/UDP
6346 TCP/UDP, 1214 TCP
TCP 80
UDP 53
UDP 2093
UDP 12201
TCP 12300
UDP 2135
UDP 2139
TCP/UDP 28900
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Application/Game
mIRC Chat
Motorhead Server
MSN Game Zone
MSN Game Zone (DX 7 & 8 play)
MSN Messenger
Napster
Need for Speed 3, Hot Pursuit
Need for Speed, Porsche
Net2Phone
NNTP
Operation FlashPoint
Outlaws
Pal Talk
pcAnywhere host
Phone Free
Quake 2
Quake 3
Quicktime 4/Real Audio
Rainbow Six & Rogue Spear
RealOne Player
Real Audio
Roger Wilco
ShoutCast Server
SSH Secure Shell
Starcraft
Starfleet Command
Telnet
Tiberian Sun & Dune 2000
Ultima Online
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VersaLink™ Gateway
Port/Protocol
6660-6669 TCP
16000 TCP/UDP, 16010-16030 TCP/UDP
6667 TCP, 28800-29000 TCP
6667 TCP, 6073 TCP, 28800-29000 TCP, 47624
TCP, 2300-2400 TCP/UDP
6891-6900 TCP, 1863 TCP/UDP, 5190 UDP, 6901
TCP/UDP
6699 TCP
1030 TCP
9442 UDP
6801 UDP
119 TCP/UDP
47624 UDP, 6073 UDP, 2300-2400 TCP/UDP,
2234 TCP
5310 TCP/UDP
2090-2091 TCP/UDP, 2095 TCP, 5001 TCP, 82008700 TCP/UDP, 1025-2500 UDP
5631 TCP, 5632 UDP, 22 UDP
1034-1035 TCP/UDP, 9900-9901 UDP, 2644 TCP,
8000 TCP
27910 UDP
27660 UDP
Each computer playing QuakeIII must use a
different port number, starting at 27660 and
incrementing by 1. You'll also need to do the
following:
1. Right click on the QIII icon
2. Choose "Properties"
3. In the Target field you'll see a line like
"C:\Program Files\Quake III Arena\quake3.exe"
4. Add the Quake III net_port command to specify a
unique communication port for each system. The
complete field should look like this: "C:\Program
Files\Quake III Arena\quake3.exe" +set
net_port 27660
5. Click OK.
6. Repeat for each system behind the NAT, adding
one to the net_port selected (27660,27661,27662)
6970-32000 UDP, 554 TCP/UDP
2346 TCP
TCP - 554, 7070 to 7071
UDP - 6970 to 7170
6970-7170 UDP
TCP/UDP 3782
UDP 3783 (BaseStation)
8000-8005 TCP
22 TCP/UDP
2346 TCP
2300-2400 TCP/UDP, 47624 TCP/UDP
23 TCP
1140-1234, 4000 TCP/UDP
5001-5010 TCP, 7775-7777 TCP, 8800-8900 TCP,
9999 UDP, 7875 UDP
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Application/Game
Unreal Tournament server
USENET News Service
VNC, Virtual Network Computing
Westwood Online, C&C
World Wide Web (HTTP)
XBOX Live
Yahoo Messenger Chat
Yahoo Messenger Phone
VPN Protocol
IPSec Encryption
L2TP
PPTP
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VersaLink™ Gateway
Port/Protocol
7777 (default gameplay port)
7778 (server query port
7779,7779+ are allocated dynamically for each
helper UdpLink objects, including UdpServerUplin
objects. Try starting with 7779-7781 and add
ports if needed
27900 server query, if master server uplink is
enabled. Home master servers use other ports like
27500
Port 8080 is for UT Server Admin. In the
[UWeb.WebServer] section of the server.ini file, set
the ListenPort to 8080 and ServerName to the IP
assigned to VersaLink from your ISP.
143 TCP
5500 TCP, 5800 TCP, 5900 TCP
4000 TCP/UDP, 1140-1234 TCP/UDP
80 TCP
443 TCP (SSL)
8008 OR 8080 TCP (PROXY)
TCP/UDP 88 and 3074
5000-5001 TCP
5055 UDP
Comments
IPSec using AH can not be supported through NAT.
IPSec using ESP and L2TP can be supported via an
ALG
IPSec using ESP and L2TP can be supported via an
ALG.
Works through NAT.
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17. HELP
If you select Help from the menu bar, a message from the help screens will be displayed. The type of message
displayed depends on the menu that you are viewing. If you are viewing a pop-up screen, click the help link in the
pop-up screen to obtain help messages.
A
About
This screen provides information about VersaLink. The following settings are displayed.
Model Number
Serial Number
MAC Address
Software Version
Software Model
Description
Boot Loader
About
VersaLink manufacturer's model number.
VersaLink manufacturer's serial number.
Ethernet MAC (i.e., hardware) Address of VersaLink.
VersaLink application software version number.
VersaLink application type.
Description of VersaLink protocol processing application software.
VersaLinks boot loader version number.
Advanced Home Page
The advanced home page offers the same functionality as the home page but adds the ability to change the
connection profile settings defined in VersaLink.
Edit
New Connection
About
An “Edit” link is added for each connection profile. Selecting this link will pop
up a window that allows the connection profile settings to be changed.
The “New Connection” link will pop up a window to allow the creation of a
new connection profile.
ATM Loopback
ATM Loopback
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ATM Loopback
This setting enables 0/21 loopback. Westell recommends that you do not
change this setting.
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B
Backup/Restore
This option allows VersaLink configuration to be backed up to or restored from a secure location in flash. The
following options are displayed.
Current becomes Back-up
Back-up becomes Current
Factory becomes Current
Backup/Restore
Selecting this command button will backup the current active configuration to
the secure flash location.
This command button will restore the previously stored configuration from
the flash location.
This option will restore VersaLink to the state that it arrived in from the
factory.
C
Change Administration Password
VersaLink has an administrator password. This password protects VersaLink from any unauthorized modifications
to the configuration setting in VersaLink. The following settings are displayed.
Enter Administration
Name
Enter/Verify
Administration Password
Change Administration Password
This field specifies the Administrator's name. Only one administrator can be
defined.
This field specifies the password required to enable administrator access. The
password must be entered twice to ensure that the password has been entered
correctly.
Connection Summary
Connection Summary
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Connection Summary
The connection profile screen displays summary information about VersaLink.
The connection state is shown along with the amount of traffic has passed
through VersaLink. Each connection profile is listed with its associated usage
information.
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D
Diagnostics Help
This screen provides tools for diagnosing PPP connection problems. Some tests depend on VersaLink’s status and
the capabilities exercised by previous tests, which may prevent other types of testing.
Beginning of Diagnostics Help screens
DSL
VersaLink status checks the connection. The following is a list of the possible responses:
Up
Down
DSL
VersaLink is operating correctly and has obtained synchronization with the
opposing DSLAM.
Explanation: VersaLink is operating correctly, but has not synchronized with the
opposing DSLAM.
Solution: First, check to be sure that the cable connecting VersaLink to the
ADSL wall jack is properly connected at both ends. If the cable is properly
connected and VersaLink does not synchronize, try another phone cable. Next,
wait for VersaLink to train. It can sometimes take as long as two minutes for
VersaLink to train. If it still has not come into synchronization, power cycle
VersaLink. If you have tried the approach above and VersaLink still does not
synchronize, contact your service provider.
PPPoE
The PPPoE status indicates if a PPPoE session is established (i.e., if the PPPoE Discovery procedure has
completed). The following is a list of the possible responses:
Session up
no session
initiating session
Session halted
passed
Session failure
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PPPoE
A valid PPPoE session has been detected.
Currently there is no active PPPoE session. A PPP session must be connected
from the homepage screen.
The connection process for a PPPoE session has been initialized. It can
sometimes take a few seconds for the PPPoE Discovery procedure to complete.
Wait 10-15 seconds and try again. If the PPPoE Discovery still cannot complete,
there may be a configuration issue with your service provider's equipment.
Verify your VPI/VCI settings (on the LAN Advanced page) and contact your
ISP provider.
A successful PPPoE session was halted. A PPP session must be connected from
the homepage screen.
A valid PPPoE session was established.
A PPPoE session could not be made. There may be a configuration issue with
your service provider's equipment. Verify your VPI/VCI settings (on the LAN
Advanced page) and contact your provider.
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PPP
This field displays the PPP Connection status. A PPPoE or PPPoA session must already be established. The
following is a list of the possible responses:
Connection up
no connection
initiating connection
Connection halted
Cannot connect
Authorization failure
Link control protocol
failed
PPP
VersaLink has established a PPP connection.
There is no PPP connection. A PPP session must be connected from the
homepage screen.
The PPP connection process has been initialized.
A successful PPP connection was halted. Solution: A PPP session must be
connected from the homepage screen.
Explanation: A PPP connection could not be made because of a PPPoE session
failure.
The username or password is incorrect. Verify that the username and password
your Service Provider issued are entered correctly.
Try re-establishing the session (from the home page). If this doesn't help, there
may be a configuration issue or other failure with your provider's equipment.
Contact your service provider.
Self Test
The Self Test performs an integrity check of certain internal components of VersaLink. The following is a list of the
possible responses:
Success
Flash Corrupt
Self Test
VersaLink is operating correctly.
Explanation: The self-test process has detected a problem with internal flash
memory.
Solution: Restart VersaLink. If the error persists, contact your service provider.
PING ISPs' VersaLink
The IP remote VersaLink test performs an IP network check (i.e., an IP Ping) of the Service Provider's VersaLink.
This test verifies that VersaLink can exchange IP traffic with an entity on the other side of the DSL line. The
following is a list of the possible responses:
Success
No Response
could not test
030-300390 Rev. A
PING ISP’s VersaLink
VersaLink has detected an IP remote VersaLink connection.
Explanation: This message will occur when an IP remote VersaLink does not
answer the IP Ping.
Solution: This test fails when the provider's VersaLink does not give its IP
address to VersaLink during session establishment. Try Pinging another host,
using the Ping test near the bottom of the Diagnostic screen. If you are able to
Ping any host, or even if you are able to find an IP address for a given host name
(try "www.yahoo.com"), then the failure of the "IP Remote VersaLink" test is
moot, because the success of the Ping demonstrates that you are getting IP
traffic across the DSL line. If the separate Ping fails as well, contact your
service provider.
Explanation: Test could not be executed because of VersaLink status.
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DNS
The DNS test issues a request to try to resolve the name of a particular host. The host name is entered in the input
box. The following is a list of the possible responses:
Success
No Response
Host not found
No data, enter host name
could not test
DNS
VersaLink has successfully obtained the resolved address. The IP address is
shown below the host name input box
Explanation: VersaLink has failed to successfully obtain the resolved address.
Solution: Determine the IP addresses of your DNS servers (from the home page,
click "Edit" and then "Advanced"), and then use the Ping test near the bottom of
the Diagnostic screen to try to Ping those addresses. This may provide useful
information when you contact your service provider and speak with Technical
Support.
Explanation: The DNS Server was unable to find an address for the given host
name.
Solution: That host may no longer be available on the Internet. Try entering a
different host name.
Explanation: There must be a host name entered in the input box.
Explanation: Test could not be executed because of VersaLink status.
PING
Select PING to check IP continuity to a remote computer either within or beyond the Service Providers network.
Enter either the IP address or the hostname of the remote host computer into the input box to the right of the Test
button. If you Ping by name, DNS will be used to look up the appropriate IP address for that name.
The following is a list of the possible responses:
Success
No Response
No name or address to
PING
could not test
PING
The Remote Host Computer was detected.
Explanation: This message will occur when there was no response to the Ping
from the remote computer.
Solution: Bear in mind that many hosts on the Internet are configured for
security reasons to not respond to IP Ping messages. If you get a success from
the DNS test using the same host name, chances are good that your connection
is fine, whether you can Ping the named host or not.
Explanation: There must be a host name or IP address entered in the input box
to allow VersaLink to Ping.
Explanation: Test could not be executed because of VersaLink status.
End of Diagnostic Help Screens
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DHCP Configuration
This screen contains the settings which control how VersaLink interacts with the local devices connected to
VersaLink. Westell does not recommend that you change these settings. The following settings are displayed.
DHCP Server
DHCP Start Address (If DHCP is
enabled)
DHCP End Address (If DHCP is
enabled)
DHCP Lease (If DHCP is enabled)
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is an Internet
standard that allows VersaLink to automatically assign IP addresses
to devices connected on the LAN network. It is advised that this is
enabled for Private LAN.
This setting specifies the start of the IP address pool that the modem
uses to assign IP addresses to local devices.
This setting specifies the end address of the IP address pool used for
automatic configuration of local devices.
This setting specifies the DHCP lease time.
Diagnostic Log
LOGS
Lists both connection and system logs.
Lists all events related to connection activity (Any traffic on the USB, Ethernet, or
DSL ports).
System
Lists all events related to system activity (Time, Errors, Boot Information, etc.).
.Remote Logging
Remote Logging
Contains the configuration for the diagnostics remote logging. Remote diagnostics
logging allows the diagnostics logs to be sent to a machine running a syslog server*. If
you want to save the diagnostics logs, remote diagnostics logging should be enabled
and the IP address of the syslog server must be configured.
Enable
Enables remote logging of diagnostics logs.
Remote IP Address The IP address of the syslog server machine to which the diagnostics log are to be sent.
*The syslog server must be configured to isten on udp port 514, which is usually the default port. In order for
the logs to be saved to the syslog server, the server should be configured to save the logs to a file. Some of the
free syslog servers available on the Internet are kiwisyslog, MT_syslog and 3Csyslog.
All
Connection
DNS Configuration
VersaLink has a built-in DNS server. VersaLink has a feature called "Dynamic DNS." When an IP address is
assigned, VersaLink will interrogate the new device for a machine name using several well-known networking
protocols. Any names learned will dynamically be added to the DNS server’s table of local hosts. A static host
assignment is needed only if the new device does not support any of the well-known protocols. The following
settings are displayed.
Domain Name
Static Host Assignment
Dynamic Host
Assignment
030-300390 Rev. A
DNS Configuration Screen
The name of your network. This uses the internet standard for delineating
domain names.
This table allows the creation and maintenance of manually configured DNS
entries.
This table shows the current list of devices that have automatically provided
information.
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E
Edit Connection Profiles
This screen facilitates the changing of connection profile parameters. The following settings are displayed.
Connection Name
Account ID
Account Password
Service Profile
Manual/Auto/Always ON
Time Out
Enable/Connection Time
Out
Edit VC Connection
Edit Connection Profiles
This field is a description of the default connection profile that VersaLink will
use. Feel free to use whatever description you desire.
Your account ID is supplied by your ISP. This text string uniquely identifies
you with your ISP.
The Account Password is a key phrase or text string that verifies your identity to
the ISP.
VersaLink stores several service profiles. A service profile is a collection of
settings for the built-in firewall and NAT. These settings control which
applications are enabled to talk through VersaLink. This selection specifies
which service profile is used when VersaLink is using this connection.
These radio buttons specify how this connection profile is used. A manual
setting requires that this connection must be manually established through the
“homepage” connection button. When this is set to auto, VersaLink will monitor
the network traffic and determine when a connection needs to be made. The
connection process will happen automatically the “Always ON” selection causes
VersaLink to aggressively establish a connection with your ISP. Whenever
VersaLink detects that the connection to your ISP is down, it will try to reestablish that connection.
Selecting this option will enable the disconnect timeout. If this option is enabled
VersaLink will monitor the ISP connection for activity. If there is no activity for
the timeout period, VersaLink will disconnect from the ISP.
This screen is an advanced screen. Modifying parameters identified on this
screen can cause severe disruption of your service. VC stands for “Virtual
Connection.” A VC identifies a connection through the service provider’s ATM
network to your ISP. It is not recommended that you change anything on these
pages unless explicitly instructed by your service provider.
F
Firewall Log
This screen is an advanced diagnostics screen. It alerts you of noteworthy information sent to your modem from the
Internet. One thousand entries can be made, but a maximum of 50 entries are displayed at a time. Once 1000 entries
have been logged, the oldest entry is removed to make space for new entries as they occur.
Details
Page Numbers
Clear Log
Print/Savable Format
030-300390 Rev. A
Firewall Log
This option gives more information about the specific log entry
This option navigates you to the corresponding range of entries. The most recent
entries are always on the highest numbered page.
This option removes all entries from the log.
This option opens a new window that contains a list of all logged packets that
can be saved or printed.
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Firewall Settings
This screen is an advanced configuration screen. It allows you to set the level of security you wish to have on your
local network. All security levels except “None” protect against known Internet attacks and devices that attempt to
gain remote access to VersaLink. The following settings are displayed.
Firewall Settings
This security level only allows basic Internet functionality. Only Mail, News,
Web, FTP, and IPSEC are allowed. No other traffic is allowed. Another
restriction of high security is that it can’t be modified by NAT configuration
options. With High security, you are guaranteed to only pass the previously
mentioned traffic.
Medium
This security level only allows basic Internet functionality by default, just like
High security. Medium security, however, allows Customization through NAT
configuration, so you can enable the traffic that you want to pass.
Low
The low security setting will allow all traffic except for known attacks. With
low security, your Gateway is visible by other computers on the Internet.
Custom
Custom is a very advanced configuration option that allows you to edit the
firewall configuration directly. Only the most expert users should try this.
Remote Logging
Contains the configuration for the firewall remote logging. Remote firewall
logging allows the firewall logs to b sent to a machine running a syslog server*.
If you desire to save the firewall logs, remote firewall logging must be enabled
and the IP address of the syslog server must be configured.
Enable
This option enables remote logging of firewall logs.
Remote IP Address
The IP address of the syslog server machine on the local area network to which
the firewall logs are to be sent.
*The syslog server must be configured to isten on udp port 514, which is usually the default port. In order for
the logs to be saved to the syslog server, the server should be configured to save the logs to a file. Some of the
free syslog servers available on the Internet are kiwisyslog, MT_syslog and 3Csyslog.
High
H
Home Page
The home page gives you a quick summary of VersaLink’s state. The following settings are displayed.
Connection Overview
Connection Name
Profile Editor
030-300390 Rev. A
Home Page
The Connection Overview section displays the status of the DSL connection.
The DSL must show a state of “UP” to allow VersaLink to communicate with
your service provider’s network.
The Connection Name section displays all of the connection profiles that are
defined by VersaLink. A connection profile is information that VersaLink needs
to establish a connection to your ISP. The “PPP Status” columns will show a
status of “UP” if VersaLink is currently using that profile to communicate. The
command button allows you to control the connection state.
Selecting the “Profile Editor” link will allow you to define or change any of the
connection profile settings.
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L
LAN Configuration
This screen contains the setting that controls how VersaLink interacts with the local devices connected to
VersaLink. Westell does not recommend that you change these settings. The following settings are displayed.
Gateway IP Address
Subnet Mask
DHCP Start Address
DHCP End Address
DNS Server Enable
DHCP Server Enable
LAN Configuration
This controls the IP address that VersaLink uses for local communication.
This setting specifies the subnet mask to use to determine if an IP address
belongs to your local network.
This setting specifies the start of the IP address pool that VersaLink uses to
assign IP addresses to local devices.
This setting specifies the end address of the IP address pool used for automatic
configuration of local devices.
DNS stands for Domain Name System. This is an Internet standard that
facilitates communication among devices. This allows a name to be used when
specifying a device instead of an IP address. Normally you want this enabled.
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This is an Internet
standard that allows VersaLink to automatically assign IP addresses to devices
connected on the LAN network. It is advised that this opt ion is set to Enabled.
LAN Statistics
This page contains information regarding the configuration and status of your Local LAN. The following settings
are displayed.
Device IP Address
DHCP NetMask
DHCP Start Address
DHCP End Address
DHCP Server Status
DHCP Server
Devices on LAN
030-300390 Rev. A
LAN Configuration
This displays the IP address that VersaLink uses for local communication.
This displays the subnet address that VersaLink’s DHCP server issues in DHCP
responses.
This setting specifies the start of the IP address pool that the modem uses to
assign IP addresses to local devices.
This setting specifies the end address of the IP address pool used for automatic
configuration of local devices.
Displays the status, “ON” or “OFF” of the DHCP Server
Displays which network “Public” or “Private” the DHCP server is serving IP
addresses for.
This page displays the current devices the modem has found on your LAN. The
name of the device, the Ethernet MAC address, and the status, “Active” or
“Inactive” is displayed in the table.
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P
Private LAN
This page contains the settings that control how VersaLink interacts with the local devices connected to VersaLink.
It is not recommended that these settings be changed. The following settings are displayed.
Private LAN DHCP Server
Enable
Private LAN Enable
Modem IP Address
Subnet Mask
DHCP Start Address (If
DHCP is enabled for
Private LAN)
DHCP End Address (If
DHCP is enabled for
Private LAN)
DHCP Lease (If DHCP is
enabled for Private LAN)
Private LAN
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is an Internet standard that
allows VersaLink to automatically assign IP addresses to devices connected on
the LAN network. It is advised that this is enabled for Private LAN.
This setting enables the Private NAT’ed interface. It is advised to leave this
enabled.
This controls the IP address that VersaLink uses for local communication.
This setting specifies the subnet mask to use to determine if an IP address
belongs to your local network.
This setting specifies the start of the IP address pool that the modem uses to
assign IP addresses to local devices.
This setting specifies the end address of the IP address pool used for automatic
configuration of local devices.
This setting specifies the DHCP lease time.
Protocol
Protocol
Protocol
This screen informs VersaLink which networking protocol to use when
communicating with your ISP. This information is provided by your ISP.
Public LAN
This screen contains the settings that control how VersaLink interacts with the local devices connected to
VersaLink. It is not recommended that these settings be changed. The following settings are displayed.
Public LAN DHCP Server
Enable
Public LAN Enable
Modem IP Address
Subnet Mask
DHCP Start Address (If
DHCP is enabled for
Public LAN)
DHCP End Address (If
DHCP is enabled for
030-300390 Rev. A
Public LAN
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is an Internet standard that
allows VersaLink to automatically assign IP addresses to devices connected on
the LAN network. It is advised that this is enabled for Private LAN.
This setting enables the Public interface. This feature allows a global subnet to
exist behind your modem.
This controls the IP address that VersaLink uses for local communication.
This setting specifies the subnet mask to use to determine if an IP address
belongs to your local network.
This setting specifies the start of the IP address pool that the modem uses to
assign IP addresses to local devices.
This setting specifies the end address of the IP address pool used for automatic
configuration of local devices.
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Public LAN)
DHCP Lease (If DHCP is
enabled for Public LAN)
VersaLink™ Gateway
This setting specifies the DHCP lease time.
Q
Quality of Service
Quality of Service
Quality of Service
This feature helps ensure data integrity in high-speed transmissions. This
feature provides the capability to partition network traffic into multiple priority
levels or classes of service. After packet classification, other QoS fetures can
be utilized to assign the appropriate traffic handling policies including
congestion management, bandwidth allocation, and delay bounds for each
traffic class.
R
Remote Access
This page allows you to configure your modem so that it can be configured remotely. Once enabled, this feature can
be manually disabled, or it will automatically disable after 20 minutes of configuration inactivity.
Password
URL
Enable Remote Access
Disable Remote Access
Remote Access
This is the password a remote user must enter to access your modem’s interface.
It must be at least 4 characters long and contain no spaces.
This field contains the URL that must be placed in a remote PC’s web browser
in order to communicate with your modem. If this field says “Not Connected,”
you are not currently connected to the Internet.
When you have clicked on this button, entered a valid password, and connected
to the Internet, Remote Access will be enabled.
When you have clicked on this button, Remote Access will be disabled.
Routing Information Protocol
Remote Access
RIP
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a widely used protocol for managing
VersaLink information within a self-contained network such as a corporate local
area network or an interconnected group of such LANs.
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S
Single Static IP
This page contains the settings that would allow the PPP address received from the network to be propagated to a
single LAN device behind the modem.
WAN IP Address
Selection box
Single Static IP
This is the PPP IP address the ISP has assigned the modem.
This box contains the devices available to share the Single Static IP address the ISP
has assigned the modem. The names listed in the select box will be populated by
VersaLink’s DHCP server based on DHCP requests. If a device’s name cannot be
determined, the current IP address of the device will be placed in the list.
When the feature is enabled, the active machine will be highlighted in the select box
and be displayed at the bottom of the page with the “disable” button.
When the feature is disabled, no device in the select box will be highlighted and the
“enable” button will be available.
When the “User Configured PC” is selected, a local PC must be configured manually
with the WAN IP address as its Ethernet adapter’s address.
T
Trace Route
The Trace feature allows you to perform an IP trace route to a remote computer either within or beyond the Internet
service provider’s network. Enter either the IP address or the hostname of the remote host computer into the input
box to the right of the Trace button. If you trace by name, DNS will be used to look up the appropriate IP address for
that name.
Success
Failure
030-300390 Rev. A
Trace
Trace will display its progress in the text box. Trace will show three round trip
times and the DNS name (if available) of each intermediate VersaLink.
Trace will display “*” when it does not receive a response or cannot determine
the DNS name of an intermediate Gateway. This is not necessarily an error, as
some Gateways are configured to ignore trace route packets or do not have DNS
name.
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Turbo TCP
Turbo
Turbo TCP is a sophisticated network traffic prioritization and queuing method that dramatically improves
the performance of downstream TCP/FTP/HTTP transfers under heavy upstream bandwidth utilization
conditions.
This feature first assigns a high priority to TCP signaling packets in the upstream direction, then places the
packet in one of several transmit queues based on this priority.
Packets of unspecified priority, like TCP or UDP data, are assigned a low priority and placed in a low priority
queue.
The packets in the high priority queues are then transmitted before packets in the lower priority queues
minimizing any transmit delays.
Minimizing the transmit delay of the TCP messages upstream enables the server to send the TCP data
downstream faster, resulting in a substantial throughput gain.
U
Update Device
Update Device
(Software Upgrade)
Update Device (Software Upgrade)
This screen is used to upgrade VersaLink’s application image. The application
image is specified by entering in the filename or by using the browse button.
User Name
This screen is asks for information that will allow VersaLink to make a connection to the ISP on your behalf.
VersaLink will need to know your Account ID and Account Password. This information is stored in VersaLink.
Connection Name
Account ID
Account Password
User Name
This is a description of the default connection profile, which VersaLink will use.
Feel free to use whatever description you desire.
Your Account Id is supplied by your ISP and is a text string that uniquely
identifies you with your ISP.
The Account Password is a key phrase or text string that verifies your identify to
the ISP.
V
VC Configuration
VC Configuration
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VC Configuration Screen
This screen is an advanced screen. Modifying parameters on this screen can
cause severe disruption of your service. VC stands for “Virtual Connection.” A
VC identifies a connection through the service provider’s ATM network to your
ISP. It is not recommended that anything be changed on these pages unless
explicitly instructed by your service provider.
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VLAN
VLAN
VC Configuration Screen
A virtual (or logical) LAN is a local area network with a definition that maps
workstations on some other basis than geographic location.
VPI/VCI
VPI/VCI
VPI/VCI
This screen asks for information that VersaLink needs to establish a
communication channel to your ISP. The VPI and VCI values are supplied by
your ISP.
W
Wireless Configuration
ACRONYMS
Network Name (SSID)
Channel
WEP Security
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
text only WEP Key
Enhanced Security
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AP-Access Point
BSSID-Basic Service Set ID
FW-Firmware
MAC-Media Access Controller
NIC-Network Interface Card
PBCC-Packet Binary Convolutional Code
SSID-Service Set ID
WEP-Wired Equivalent Privacy
WLAN-Wireless Local Area Network
This string, (32 characters or less) is the name associated with the AP. To
connect to the AP, the SSID on a Station card must match the SSID on the
AP card or be set to “ANY.”
The AP transmits and receives data on this channel. The number of channels
to choose from is pre-programmed into the AP card. Station cards do not
have to be set to the same channel as the AP; the Stations scan all channels,
and look for an AP to connect to.
The AP card supports 64-bit, 128-bit, or 256-bit WEP encryption. The WEP
option can also be disabled. If so, any station can connect to the AP (as long
as its SSID matches the AP SSID).
If selected, the WEP Key is treated as a string of text characters, and the
number of characters must be either 5 (for 64-bit encryption) or 13 (for 128bit encryption) or 29 (for 256-bit encryption). If not selected, the WEP key is
treated as a string of hexadecimal characters, and the number of characters
must be either 10 (for 64-bit encryption), 26 (for 128-bit encryption), or 58
(for 256-bit encryption). The only allowable hexadecimal characters are 0-9
and A-F.
NOTE: The WEP key must be the same value and type for both VersaLink
and the wireless network adapter. “Pass Phrase” is not the same as “text” and
should not be used.
If selected, the SSID is hidden from detection in certain frames of the radio
protocol. This makes the SSID harder to discover by external equipment
capable of passively scanning the radio signal. Additionally, the station SSID
must match the AP Network Name (SSID); the generic station SSID, “ANY”
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Data Rates (Mbits/s)
VersaLink™ Gateway
will be refused.
These are the allowable communication rates that the AP will attempt to use.
The rates are broadcast within the connection protocol as rates supported by
the VersaLink. If multiple rates are chosen, multi-rate communication and
automatic optimum rate selection is possible. This is the default, and
provides the most flexible system. If the Station signal strength or quality is
poor, and the throughput of the connection is slow or intermittent, select only
the lower two data rates (1 and 2 MB). This can improve performance by
reducing the number of pad packets, re-tries and timeouts that could be
occurring when the higher rates are automatically trying to be used. Lower
rates can be maintained over longer distances and in a wider range of
environments.
Wireless Station Configuration
The configuration of wireless stations must correspond with VersaLink’s configuration. Typically, WLAN station cards
come with a utility for changing the card configuration. Additionally, the WLAN driver might present configuration
options as part of the Properties for the installed wireless network adapter. The following configuration items should be
considered when setting up a station card.
SSID
Mode
Tx Rate (Data Rate)
Encryption
Authentication
Algorithm
This is a description of the default connection profile, which VersaLink will
use. Feel free to use whatever description you desire.
The station’s operating mode must be set to, Infrastructure. Most station
configuration software will use this term to indicate operation with an AP.
Other terms used are ESS or BSS. The terms Ad-Hoc or IBSS indicate
operation without an AP; these terms should not be selected.
The station’s transmission rate (data rate) should be set to Automatic. Selecting
a specific data r ate is typically only done in difficult environments where
conditions limit the maximum possible rate to less than 54 megabits per
second.
The station’s encryption settings must match the AP’s settings. This includes
the settings for 64-bit, 128-bit, and 256-bit encryption (or none) and the WEP
keys. Make certain that the key entries use the same format. The two typical
formats provided are simple text entry and hexadecimal entry. Text entry is
sometimes termed ASCII entry. Hexadecimal entry is sometimes termed
Hex or Manual entry. Do not use the Pass Phrase option if it is present.
On the station, this setting is typically located under the Advanced properties
for the wireless network adapter. Two or three algorithm settings are usually
present. These might be termed: “Must use Shared for WEP,” “Automatic
based on WEP setting” and/or “WECA compliant.” Select “Automatic based
on WEP setting” or “Must use Shared for WEP.”
Wireless Statistics
Network Name (SSID)
802.11b/g/g+ MAC Address
(BSSID)
Primary FW
030-300390 Rev. A
This string, (32 characters or less) is the name associated with the AP. To
connect to the AP, the SSID on a Station card must match the SSID on the
AP.
This is the Media Access Controller address of the AP. It is used as the Basic
Service Set Identifier.
Primary firmware version number. This is read from the card and helps
determine the AP firmware to use. The format of the number is: …>. The
version number is also needed to identify existing errata.
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Secondary FW
OUT and IN
OUT-Unicast Frames
OUT-Multicast Frames
OUT-Fragments
OUT-Unicast Bytes
OUT-Multicast Bytes
OUT-Transmission Deferred
OUT-Frames after single retry
VersaLink™ Gateway
Secondary firmware version number. This is the station firmware that the
card would use to operate as a wireless station. The format of the number is
…>. The version number is needed to identify existing errata.
Data preceded by OUT pertain to transmissions from VersaLink to a station;
VersaLink is the source. Data preceded by IN pertain to data received by
VersaLink; VersaLink is the destination.
The number of successfully transmitted frames whose destination address
was a single station, not necessarily the same station, but to any single
station: As opposed to a transmission that multiple stations would receive
(an example would be a broadcast message).
The number of successfully transmitted frames whose destination address
was a multicast address (received by more that one station): not necessarily
broadcast to all stations, but more than a single station. Broadcast messages
are included in the count.
The number of successful transmissions made. This will typically be greater
than the sum of the Unicast and Multicast frames because large frames are
broken into multiple transmissions. The number of fragments per frame is
based on the Fragmentation Threshold setting (not user-configurable).
The number of bytes transmitted in Unicast Frames. This includes the header
and body of each frame.
The number of bytes transmitted in Multicast Frames. This includes the
header and body of each frame or frame fragment.
The number of frames (frame fragments) for which one or more transmission
attempts were deferred to avoid a collision.
The number of frames that were successfully transmitted after one, and only
one, retry. All fragments of the frame must have met this requirement if the
frame was fragmented.
Wireless Statistics Cont.
OUT-Frames after many retries
OUT-Dropped Frames, too many
retries
OUT-Discarded Frames
IN-Unicast Frames
IN-Multicast Frames
IN-Fragments
IN-Unicast Bytes
IN-Multicast Bytes
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The number of frames that successfully transmitted after more than one
retry. Any fragment of a frame that required multiple retries would
increment this counter for the whole frame.
The number of frames that did not transmit due to the short or long retry
limit being reached. This number is a result of no acknowledgement or CTS
received.
The number of transmit requests that were discarded to free up buffer space.
This count is incremented when one of the following occurs: 1) A transmit
request is queued too long on the transmit queue due to excessive retries,
deferrals, scans, etc.
2) A transmit request is queued too long on the Power-Save queue because
the station did not poll or wake up in time.
The number of successfully received frames whose destination address was a
single location, not necessarily the same location, but to any single location
(as opposed to the broadcast address).
The number of successfully received frames whose destination address was a
multicast address. Broadcast messages are included in this count.
The number of fragments successfully received. This might not be equal to
the sum of the Unicast and Multicast frames because large frames are broken
into multiple transmissions. The number of fragments per frame is based on
the Fragmentation Threshold setting (not user-configurable) on the source
station.
The number of bytes received in Unicast Frames. This includes the header
and body of each frame or frame fragment.
The number of bytes received in Multicast Frames. This includes the header
and body of each frame of frame fragment.
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IN-Packet not passing checksum
IN-Drops due to insufficient Rx
buffers
IN-Un-decryptable packets
IN-Messages received in message
fragments
IN-Messages received in bad
message fragments
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The number of received frames with a Frame Check Sequence (FCS) error.
The number of received frames discarded due to lack of buffer space.
The number of received frames (with the WEP sub-field set to one) that were
discarded because the frame should not have been encrypted or the source
station did not have privacy enabled.
The number of frames received successfully while another good reception
was going on above the carrier detect threshold (the message-in-message
path #1 in the modem).
The number of frames received successfully while another reception was
going on above the carrier detect threshold, but with a bad or incomplete
PLCP Preamble and Header (the message-in-message path #2 in the
modem).
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18. TECHNICAL SUPPORT INFORMATION
Westell Technical Support
If technical assistance is required, contact Westell by using one of the following options:
North America
Phone: 1-630-375-4900
U.K./Europe
Phone: (44) 01256 843311
Visit Westell at www.Westell.com to view frequently asked questions and enter on-line service requests, or send
email to global_support@westell.com to obtain additional information.
19. WARRANTY AND REPAIRS
Warranty
Westell warrants this product free from defects at the time of shipment. Westell also warrants this product fully
functional for the period specified by the terms of the warranty. Any attempt to repair or modify the equipment by
anyone other than an authorized representative will void the warranty.
Repairs
Westell will repair any defective Westell equipment without cost during the warranty period if the unit is defective
for any reason other than abuse, improper use, or improper installation, or acts of nature. Before returning the
defective equipment, request a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number from Westell. An RMA number
must be quoted on all returns. When requesting an RMA, please provide the following information:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Product model number (on product base)
Product serial number (on product base)
Customer ship-to address
Contact name
Problem description
Purchase date
After an RMA number is obtained, return the defective unit, freight prepaid, along with a brief description of the
problem to one of the following options:
U.K./Europe
Westell, Ltd.
Ringway House
Bell Road
Daneshill
Basingstoke
RG24 8FB
United Kingdom
North America
Westell, Inc.
ATTN: R.G.M Department
750 N. Commons Drive
Aurora, IL 60504-7940 USA
Westell will continue to repair faulty equipment beyond the warranty period for a nominal charge. Contact a Westell
Technical Support Representative for details.
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20. PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
•
ADSL
• DSL Line Code: Discrete Multi-Tone (DMT)
• DSL Rates: 32 kbps to 8 Mbps downstream
and 32 kbps to 800 kbps upstream
• Power spectral density: less than -34 dBm/Hz
• DSL Impedance: 100 Ohms
• DSL Performance: per ITU Recommendation
G.991.2, ANSI T1.413
• Upgradeable to ADSL2, ADSL2+, READSL
•
•
•
LEDs
•
•
•
•
•
Protocol Features
• Bridge Encapsulation per RFC2684
(Formerly RFC1483)
• Logical Link Control/Subnetwork
• Access Protocol (LLC/SNAP)
• Software Upgradeable
• PPPoE Support
• ATM SAR: Internal to Modem
Power
Ethernet
Wireless
DSL
Internet
Connectors
• DSL: RJ-11, 6-pin modular jack-DSL
• Ethernet: RJ-45: 8-pin modular jack
• Power: Connector
• SMA antenna
System Requirements for 10/100 Base-T/Ethernet
• Pentium® or equivalent and above machines
• Microsoft Windows (95, 98, 2000, ME, NT
4.0, or XP) Macintosh OS X, or Linux
installed
• Operating system CD
• Internet Explorer 4.x or Netscape Navigator
4.x or higher
• 64 MB RAM (128 MB recommended)
• Ethernet 10/100 Base-T interface
• 10 MB of free hard drive space
• TCP/IP Protocol stack installed
Power
• Power Supply: External 120 VAC to 9V DC
wall-mount power supply
• Power Consumption: Less than 6 watts
typical, from 120 VAC
Environmental
• Ambient Operating Temperature: +32 to
+104°F (0 to +40°C)
• Relative Humidity: 5 to 95%, non-condensing
EMC/Safety/Regulatory Certifications
• EMC: FCC Part 15, Class B
• UL Standard 60950, 3rd Edition
• CAN/CSA Standard C22.2 No. 60950
• UL
• CSA
• ACTA 968-A
• Industry Canada CS03
System Requirements for Wireless
• Pentium® or equivalent and above class
machines
• Microsoft® Windows® (98, 2000, ME, or
XP) or Macintosh® OS X installed
• Operating System CD on hand
030-300390 Rev. A
Internet Explorer 4.x or Netscape Navigator
4.x or higher
64 MB RAM (128 MB recommended)
10 MB of free hard drive space
IEEE 802.11b/g/g+ PC adapter
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21. SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT
READ THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT CAREFULLY. THIS
SOFTWARE IS COPYRIGHTED AND LICENSED (NOT SOLD). BY INSTALLING AND OPERATING
THIS PRODUCT, YOU ARE ACCEPTING AND AGREEING TO THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE
AGREEMENT. IF YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE
AGREEMENT, YOU SHOULD PROMPTLY RETURN THE SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE TO
WESTELL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT REPRESENTS THE ENTIRE
AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE SOFTWARE BETWEEN YOU AND WESTELL TECHNOLOGIES,
INC. (REFERRED TO AS "LICENSOR"), AND IT SUPERSEDES ANY PRIOR PROPOSAL,
REPRESENTATION, OR UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE PARTIES.
1. License Grant. Licensor hereby grants to you, and you accept, a nonexclusive license to use the Compact
Disk (CD) and the computer programs contained therein in machine-readable, object code form only
(collectively referred to as the "SOFTWARE"), and the accompanying User Documentation, only as
authorized in this License Agreement. The SOFTWARE may be used only in connection with the number of
systems for which you have paid license fees as dictated in your support agreement. You agree that you will
not assign, sublicense, transfer, pledge, lease, rent, or share your rights under this License Agreement. You
agree that you may not nor allow others to reverse assemble, reverse compile, or otherwise translate the
SOFTWARE.
You may retain the SOFTWARE CD for backup purposes only. In addition, you may make one copy of the
SOFTWARE in any storage medium for backup purposes only. You may make one copy of the User's
Manual for backup purposes only. Any such copies of the SOFTWARE or the User's Manual shall include
Licensor's copyright and other proprietary notices. Except as authorized under this paragraph, no copies of
the SOFTWARE or any portions thereof may be made by you or any person under your authority or control.
2. Licensor's Rights. You acknowledge and agree that the SOFTWARE and the User's Manual are
proprietary products of Licensor protected under U.S. copyright law. You further acknowledge and agree
that all right, title, and interest in and to the SOFTWARE, including associated intellectual property rights,
are and shall remain with Licensor. This License Agreement does not convey to you an interest in or to the
SOFTWARE, but only a limited right of use revocable in accordance with the terms of this License
Agreement.
3. License Fees. The fees paid by you under the support agreement are paid in consideration of the licenses
granted under this License Agreement.
4. Term. This License Agreement is effective upon your opening of this package and shall continue until
terminated. You may terminate this License Agreement at any time by returning the SOFTWARE and all
copies thereof and extracts there from to Licensor. Licensor may terminate this License Agreement upon the
breach by you of any term hereof. Upon such termination by Licensor, you agree to return to Licensor the
SOFTWARE and all copies and portions thereof.
5. Limited Warranty. Licensor warrants, for your benefit alone, for a period of 90 days from the date of
commencement of this License Agreement (referred to as the "Warranty Period") that the SOFTWARE CD
in which the SOFTWARE is contained are free from defects in material and workmanship. Licensor further
warrants, for your benefit alone, that during the Warranty Period the SOFTWARE shall operate
substantially in accordance with the functional specifications in the User's Manual. If during the Warranty
Period, a defect in the SOFTWARE appears, you may return the SOFTWARE to Licensor for replacement.
You agree that the foregoing constitutes your sole and exclusive remedy for breach by Licensor of any
warranties made under this Agreement.
030-300390 Rev. A
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EXCEPT FOR THE WARRANTIES SET FORTH ABOVE, THE SOFTWARE CD, AND THE
SOFTWARE CONTAINED THEREIN, ARE LICENSED "AS IS," AND LICENSOR DISCLAIMS ANY
AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT
LIMITATION, ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
6. Limitation of Liability. Licensor's cumulative liability to you or any other party for any loss or damages
resulting from any claims, demands, or actions arising out of or relating to this Agreement shall not exceed
the license fee paid to Licensor for the use of the SOFTWARE. In no event shall Licensor be liable for any
indirect, incidental, consequential, special, or exemplary damages or lost profits, even if Licensor has been
advised of the possibility of such damages. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR
EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE
LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
7. Governing Law. This License Agreement shall be construed and governed in accordance with the laws of
the State of Illinois. You submit to the jurisdiction of the state and federal courts of the state of Illinois and
agree that venue is proper in those courts with regard to any litigation arising under this Agreement.
8. Costs of Litigation. If any action is brought by either party to this License Agreement against the other
party regarding the subject matter hereof, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover, in addition to any
other relief granted, reasonable attorney fees and expenses of litigation.
9. Severability. Should any term of this License Agreement be declared void or unenforceable by any court of
competent jurisdiction, such declaration shall have no effect on the remaining terms hereof.
10. No Waiver. The failure of either party to enforce any rights granted hereunder or to take action against
the other party in the event of any breach hereunder shall not be deemed a waiver by that party as to
subsequent enforcement of rights or subsequent actions in the event of future breaches.
030-300390 Rev. A
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22. PUBLICATION INFORMATION
Westell ®VersaLink™ Gateway (Model 327W)
User Guide Part Number 030-300390 Rev. A
May 2004
© 2004 Westell, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Westell, Inc.
750 North Commons Drive
Aurora, Illinois 60504 USA
www.westell.com
All trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
030-300390 Rev. A
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