APRILIA MXV 450 - Owner`s manual

INTRODUCTION
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
INTRODUCTION
0
0-1
INTRODUCTION
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
TABLE OF CONTENTS
0.1.
INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................. 3
0.1.1.
FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 3
0.1.2.
ABBREVIATIONS/SYMBOLS/CONVENTIONS...................................................................... 4
0-2
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
0.1.
0.1.1.
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
FOREWORD
NOTE This manual must be considered as an integral part of the vehicle and must always accompany it, even in case
of resale.
aprilia has drafted this manual with the maximum attention in order to provide the user with user with correct and
updated information.
However, since aprilia constantly improves the design of its products, there may be slight discrepancies between the
characteristics of your vehicle and those described in this manual. Such modifications will be entered in subsequent
editions of the manual. Should you need assistance or clarification regarding inspection and repair procedures, please
contact the aprilia SERVICE DEPT. They will be pleased to give you all pertinent information or supply you with
details on updates and technical changes applied to the vehicle.
For inspections and repair operations not expressly described in this publication, for the purchase of aprilia genuine
spare parts, accessories and other products, as well as for specific advice, contact exclusively aprilia Authorized
Dealers and Service Centers, which guarantee prompt and accurate assistance.
Thank you for choosing aprilia. Have a great ride!
All rights regarding electronic storage, reproduction and total or partial adaptation by any means are reserved for all
countries.
NOTE In some countries the antipollution and noise regulations in force require periodical inspections.
The products of third parties are mentioned only for informational purposes and constitute no obligation.
aprilia s.p.a. is not liable whatsoever for the performance or use of these products.
First edition: May 2006
Produced and printed by:
VALLEY FORGE DECA
Ravenna, Modena, Torino
DECA s.r.l.
Registered Main Office
Via Vincenzo Giardini, 11
48022 Lugo (RA) - Italy Tel. 0545-216611
Fax 0545-216610
www.vftis.com
deca@vftis.spx.com
for:
aprilia
via G. Galilei, 1 - 30033 Noale (VE) - Italy
Tel. +39 – (0)41 58 29 111
Fax +39 – (0)41 58 01 674
www.aprilia.com
0-3
INTRODUCTION
0.1.2.
#
<
>
≤
≥
~
∞
°C
°F
±
a.c
A
Ah
API
AT
AV/DC
bar
d.c.
cc
CO
CPU
DIN
DOHC
ECU
rpm
HC
ISC
ISO
kg
kgm
km
km/h
kΩ
kPa
KS
kW
ℓ
LAP
LED
LEFT
SIDE
m/s
max
mbar
mi
MIN
MPH
MS
MΩ
N.A.
N.O.M.M.
N.O.R.M.
Nm
Ω
PICK-UP
BDC
TDC
PPC
0-4
ABBREVIATIONS/SYMBOLS/CONVENTIONS
= number
= less than
= greater than
= less than or equal to
= more than or equal to
= approximately
= infinity
= degrees Celsius (centigrade)
= degrees Fahrenheit
= plus or minus
= alternating current
= Ampere
= Ampere per hour
= American Gaseum Institute
= high voltage
= Anti-Vibration Double Countershaft
= pressure measurement unit (1 bar = 100 kPa)
= direct current
= cubic centimeters
= carbon monoxide
= Central Processing Unit
= German industrial standards (Deutsche Industrie Norm)
= Double Overhead Camshaft
= Electronic Control Unit
= revolutions per minute
= unburned hydrocarbons
= Idle Speed Control
= International Standardization Organisation
= kilograms
= kilograms per meter (1 kgm = 10 Nm)
= kilometers
= kilometers per hour
= kilo Ohm
= kiloPascal (1 kPa = 0.01 bar)
= clutch side (from the German "Kupplungsseite")
= kilowatt
= liters
= racetrack lap
= Light Emitting Diode
= left side
= meters per second
= maximum
= millibar (1 mbar = 0.1 kPa)
= miles
= minimum
= miles per hour
= flywheel side (from the German "Magnetoseite")
= MegaOhm
= Not Available
= Motor Octane Number
= Research Octane Number
= Newton meter (1 Nm = 0.1 kgm)
= ohm
= pick-up
= Bottom Dead Center
= Top Dead Center
= Pneumatic Power Clutch
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
RIGHT
SIDE
SAE
TEST
T.B.E.I.
T.C.E.I.
T.E.
T.P.
TSI
UPSIDEDOWN
V
W
Ø
INTRODUCTION
= right side
= Society of Automotive Engineers
= diagnostic check
= crownhead Allen screw
= cheesehead Allen screw
= hexagonal head
= flathead screw
= Twin Spark Ignition
= inverted fork
= volt
= watt
= diameter
0-5
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
1
1-1
GENERAL INFORMATION
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1.
STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL..................................................................................................................... 3
1.1.1.
CONVENTIONS USED IN THE MANUAL ............................................................................................. 3
1.1.2.
DANGEROUS ELEMENTS.................................................................................................................... 4
1.1.3.
SAFETY WARNINGS............................................................................................................................. 8
1.1.4.
BASIC SAFETY RULES......................................................................................................................... 9
1.1.5.
WARNINGS – PRECAUTIONS – GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS................................................. 12
1.1.6.
POSITION OF THE ADHESIVE WARNING LABELS .......................................................................... 14
1.1.7.
EMISSION & NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY STATEMENT .............................................. 18
1-2
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
1.1.
1.1.1.
•
•
•
•
GENERAL INFORMATION
STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL
CONVENTIONS USED IN THE MANUAL
This manual is divided in sections and subsections, each covering a set of the most significant components.
Refer to the index of sections when consulting the manual.
Unless expressly specified otherwise, assemblies are reassembled by reversing the dismantling procedure.
The terms "right" and "left" are referred to the rider seated on the vehicle in the normal riding position.
Motorcycle operation and basic maintenance are covered in the "OWNER'S MANUAL".
NOTE This manual is an important and integral part of your vehicle. Keep it with your vehicle at all times, even if the
vehicle is resold.
aprilia has prepared this manual to supply you, the user, with correct and current information. However, since aprilia
constantly improves the design of its vehicles, there may be slight discrepancies between your vehicle and the
material given in this manual.
If you have any questions about your vehicle, contact your Local aprilia Dealer, as he will have the very latest technical
information available from the factory.
For tests and repairs not expressly described in this manual, to purchase aprilia genuine spare parts, accessories, and
other products, and for help with specific problems, please contact your Local aprilia Dealer or service center. These
professionals will be able to assist you promptly and accurately.
Thank you for choosing aprilia. Have a great ride!
This manual is copyrighted in all countries. Partial or complete reproduction of the manual by any print or electronic
means is strictly prohibited.
1-3
GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1.2.
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
DANGEROUS ELEMENTS
FUEL
DANGER
The fuel used to operate engines is highly flammable and becomes explosive under particular
conditions.
Refueling and engine service should take place in a well-ventilated area with the engine stopped.
Do not smoke when refueling or in the proximity of sources of fuel vapors, avoid flames, sparks and
any element that could ignite fuel or provoke explosions.
Take care not to spill fuel out of the filler, or it may ignite when in contact with hot engine parts.
In the event of accidental fuel spillage, make sure the affected area is fully dry before starting the
engine. Fuel expands from heat and when left under direct sunlight.
Never fill the fuel tank up to the brim. Tighten the filler cap securely after each refueling.
Avoid contact with skin. Do not inhale vapors. Do not swallow fuel. Do not transfer fuel between
different containers using a hose.
DO NOT RELEASE FUEL INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
Use only premium grade unleaded gas, min. O.N. 95 (ROM) and 85 (MON).
LUBRICANTS
DANGER
Good lubrication ensures vehicle safety.
Failure to keep lubricants at the recommended level or the use of an unsuitable new and clean type of
lubricant may lead to engine or gearbox seizure, causing serious accidents, personal injury or even
death.
Gear fluid may cause serious damage to the skin if handled daily and for long periods.
Wash your hands carefully after use.
Do not release oil into the environment.
Take it to the filling station where you usually buy it or to an oil salvage center.
WARNING
When filling the vehicle with this oil, take care it does not spill out. Immediately clean spilled oil or it
may damage the vehicle paintwork.
In case of contact with oil, tire surfaces will become very slippery and endanger your safety.
In case of leaks, do not use the vehicle. Check and trace the cause of leaks and proceed with repair.
ENGINE OIL
DANGER
Engine oil may cause serious damage to the skin if handled daily and for long periods.
Wash your hands carefully after use.
Do not release oil into the environment.
Dispose of it at the nearest waste oil reclamation firm or through the supplier.
Wear latex gloves when servicing.
FRONT FORK FLUID
DANGER
Front suspension response can be modified to a certain extent by changing damping settings and/or
selecting a particular grade of oil. Standard oil viscosity: SAE 20 W. Different oil grades can be
selected to obtain a particular suspension response (choose SAE 5W for a softer suspension, 20W for
a stiffer suspension).
The two grades can also be mixed in varying solutions to obtain the desired response.
1-4
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
GENERAL INFORMATION
BRAKE FLUID
NOTE This vehicle is fitted with front and rear disk brakes. Each braking system is operated by an independent hydraulic
circuit. The information provided below applies to both braking systems.
DANGER
Do not use the vehicle in case brakes are worn out or do not work properly. The brakes are the most
important parts for ensuring safety and for this reason must always be in perfect working order.
Failure to comply with these recommendations will probably lead to a crash or an accident, with a
consequent risk of personal injury or death.
A wet surface reduces brakes efficiency.
DANGER
When road surfaces are wet, braking distances are doubled, since both brake efficiency and tire grip
are highly reduced in wet conditions.
Any water on brakes, after washing the vehicle, driving on a wet road surface or running through
puddles or potholes, can wet brakes and greatly reduce their efficiency.
Failure to comply with these recommendations may lead to serious accidents, with risk of severe
personal injuries or death.
Brakes are critical safety components. Do not ride the vehicle if brakes are not in top running order.
Check that brakes are properly operating before every trip.
Brake fluid is an irritant. Avoid contact with eyes or skin.
In the event of accidental contact, wash affected body parts thoroughly. In the event of accidental
contact with eyes, contact an eye specialist or seek medical advice.
DO NOT RELEASE BRAKE FLUID INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
When handling brake fluid, take care not to spill it onto plastic or paint-finished parts or they will
become damaged.
DANGER
Do not use any brake fluids other than the specified type. Never mix different types of fluids to top up
level, as this will damage the braking system.
Do not use brake fluid from containers which have been kept open or in storage for long periods.
Any sudden changes in play or hardness in the brake levers are warning signs of problems with the
hydraulic circuits.
Ensure that the brake disks and brake linings have not become contaminated with oil or grease. This
is particularly important after servicing or inspections.
Make sure the brake lines are not twisted or worn.
Prevent accidental entering of water or dust into the circuit.
Wear latex gloves when servicing the hydraulic circuit.
DISK BRAKES
DANGER
The brakes are the most important parts for ensuring safety
and for this reason they must be in perfect working order at all times; check them before every trip.
A dirty disk soils the pads.
Dirty pads must be replaced, while dirty disks must be cleaned with a high-quality degreaser.
Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy or dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or
when the vehicle is used in competitions.
Check brake pads for wear.
When the brake pads wear out, the level of the fluid decreases to automatically compensate for their
wear.
The front brake fluid reservoir is located on the right handlebar, near the front brake lever.
The rear brake fluid reservoir is located under the right fairing.
Do not use the vehicle if the braking system leaks fluid.
1-5
GENERAL INFORMATION
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
COOLANT
DANGER
Coolant is toxic when ingested, contact with eyes or skin may cause irritation.
In the event of contact with skin or eyes, rinse repeatedly with abundant water and seek medical
advice. In the event of ingestion, induce vomiting, rinse mouth and throat with abundant water and
seek medical advice immediately.
DO NOT RELEASE COOLANT INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DANGER
Take care not to spill coolant onto hot engine parts. It may ignite and produce invisible flames. Wear
latex
gloves
when
servicing.
Do not ride when coolant is below the minimum level.
Coolant mixture is a 50% solution of water and antifreeze. This is the ideal solution for most operating temperatures and
provides good corrosion protection.
This solution is also suited to warm weather, as it is less prone to evaporative loss and will reduce the need for top-ups.
In addition, less water evaporation means fewer minerals salts depositing in the radiator, which helps preserve the
efficiency of the cooling system.
When the temperature drops below 32°F (0°C) , check the cooling system frequently and add more antifreeze (up to
60% maximum) to the solution, if needed.
Use distilled water in the coolant mixture. Tap water will damage the engine.
Refer to the chart given below and add water with the quantity of antifreeze to obtain a solution with the desired freezing
point:
Freezing point °F (°C)
-4°F (-20°C).
-22°F (-30°C).
-40°F (-40°C).
Coolant % of volume
35
45
55
NOTE Coolants have different specifications. The protection degree is written on the label.
WARNING
Use only nitrite-free
(-31°F) as a minimum.
antifreeze
and
corrosion
inhibitors with
a freezing
point
of -35°C
DRIVE CHAIN
Check drive chain operation, wear, slack and lubrication at regular intervals.
The vehicle is equipped with an endless chain with a joint link.
WARNING
If too slack, the chain can come off the front or rear sprockets and lead to serious accident and
damage to the vehicle, with consequent serious personal injury or death.
Do not use the vehicle if the chain slack has not been correctly adjusted.
To check the chain, take it with your hand where it turns on the rear sprocket and pull it as to separate
it from the sprocket itself.
If you can move the chain apart of the front sprocket for more than 3 mm (0.125 in), change chain,
front and rear sprocket.
DANGER
If not properly maintained, the chain can wear out prematurely and lead to damage of both front and
rear sprockets.
Perform chain maintenance operations more frequently if the vehicle is used on rainy or dusty areas.
1-6
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
GENERAL INFORMATION
TIRES
WARNING
If tires are over-inflated, the vehicle will feel stiff and be difficult and uncomfortable to ride.
In addition, its roadworthiness will be impaired, especially on wet surfaces and during cornering.
Flat tires (insufficient pressure) can slip on the rim and make you lose the control of the vehicle.
Insufficient pressure compromises vehicle roadworthiness, maneuverability and brake efficiency.
Tires changes, repair, maintenance and balancing must be carried out by specialized technicians
using suitable equipment.
When new, tires often have a thin slippery protective coating. Drive carefully for the first few miles
(kilometers).
Never use rubber treating substances on tires.
In particular, avoid contact with fluid fuels, which can lead to rapid wear.
In case of contact with oil or fuel, do not clean. Change the tires instead.
DANGER
Some of the original equipment tires of this vehicle are provided with wear indicators.
There are several kinds of wear indicators.
For more information on how to check the wear, contact your Dealer.
Visually check if the tires are worn and have them changed if they are.
If a tire deflates while driving, stop immediately.
Avoid hard brakings or moves and do not close throttles too abruptly.
Slowly close the throttle grip, move to the edge of the road and use the engine brake to slow down
until coming to a halt.
Failure to comply with these recommendations may lead to accidents, with risk of personal injuries or
death.
Do not install tires with air tube on rims for tubeless tires and vice versa.
1-7
GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1.3.
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SAFETY WARNINGS
The following precautionary warnings are used throughout this manual in order to convey the following messages:
Safety Warning: When you see this symbol on the vehicle or in the manual, pay particular attention to
the potential risk of personal injury or death.
Failure to comply with the instructions given in the warning messages preceded by this symbol may
result in grave risk for your and other people’s safety and for the vehicle.
DANGER
Indicates a potential hazard which may result in serious injury or even death.
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard which may result in minor personal injury or damage to the vehicle or other
property
NOTE The word "NOTE" in this manual precedes important information or instructions.
1-8
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
1.1.4.
GENERAL INFORMATION
BASIC SAFETY RULES
CARBON MONOXIDE
If it is necessary to run the engine in order to carry out maintenance operation, make sure that the area in which you are
operating is properly ventilated. Never run the engine in enclosed spaces.
If it is necessary to work indoors, use an exhaust evacuation system.
WARNING
The exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas that can cause loss of consciousness
and even death.
WARNING
Carbon monoxide is both colorless and odorless, and cannot be detected by smell, vision, or any
other sense. Avoid breathing exhaust fumes under any circumstances.
GASOLINE
Keep gasoline away from children.
Gasoline is also poisonous. Never attempt to siphon gasoline using your mouth. Never allow gasoline to contact your
skin. If you should accidentally spill gasoline on yourself, change your clothes immediately and wash the area where the
gasoline was splashed thoroughly with hot water and soap. Should you accidentally swallow gasoline, do not induce
vomiting. Drink large quantities of clear water or milk and immediately seek professional medical assistance. Should
you accidentally get gasoline in your eyes, flush with large quantities of cool, clear water and immediately seek
professional medical assistance.
WARNING
Gasoline is extremely flammable and becomes explosive under certain conditions.
KEEP GASOLINE AWAY FROM CHILDREN
HOT COMPONENTS
WARNING
The engine and all parts of the exhaust system, as well as the braking system, become very hot and
remain hot for some time after the vehicle and the engine are stopped. Before handling any
component of your vehicle after riding, make sure that it has cooled sufficiently to be safe to handle.
USED ENGINE OIL
WARNING
Use latex gloves for maintenance operations that require contact with used oil.
Used engine oil may cause skin cancer if repeatedly left in contact with the skin for prolonged
periods. Although this is unlikely unless you handle used oil on a daily basis, it is advisable to
thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water after handling used oil.
KEEP OIL AWAY FROM CHILDREN
BRAKE FLUID
WARNING
Brake fluid is extremely poisonous. Never ingest or swallow brake fluid. Should brake fluid
accidentally be swallowed, drink large quantities of milk or clear water and immediately seek
professional medical assistance. Brake fluid is highly destructive of skin and eye tissue. Should you
accidentally spill brake fluid on yourself, remove the contaminated clothing, wash your body with
soap and warm water immediately and immediately seek professional medical assistance.
Should you accidentally splash brake fluid into your eyes, flush with a large quantity of cool, clear
water and immediately seek professional medical assistance.
COOLANT
In certain conditions, the ethylene glycol contained in the engine coolant is flammable: its flame is invisible, but you can
be burned anyway.
1-9
GENERAL INFORMATION
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
WARNING
Avoid spilling the engine coolant on the exhaust system or on the engine components. They may be
hot enough to cause the coolant to ignite and burn without a visible flame. The coolant (ethylene
glycol) can cause skin irritation and is poisonous if swallowed.
Coolant and coolant/water mixtures are sweet to the taste and brightly colored, therefore are highly
attractive to pets and children. Take extra precautions to keep new and used coolant out of reach of
children and animals.
KEEP COOLANT AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
WARNING
Risk of burns. Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot. Wait until the engine has
completely cooled down. The coolant is under pressure and may splash out and cause burns.
HYDROGEN GAS AND BATTERY ELECTROLYTE
WARNING
The battery gives off noxious and explosive gases; keep cigarettes, flames and sparks away from the
battery.
Provide adequate ventilation when operating or recharging the battery.
During recharging and use, make sure that the room is properly ventilated and avoid inhaling the
gases released during the recharging.
The battery contains sulfuric acid (electrolyte). Contact with the skin or eyes may cause serious
burns. Always wear protective clothing, rubber gloves, and tight fitting goggles or a face shield when
working around the battery, especially when filling the battery with either water or electrolyte.
In case of contact with the skin, flush immediately with plenty of water. In case of contact with the
eyes, flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.
Immediately consult a health professional.
The electrolyte is poisonous.
If the electrolyte is accidentally swallowed, drink large quantities of water or milk and then milk of
magnesia or vegetable oil. Immediately consult a health professional.
KEEP BATTERIES AND ELECTROLYTE
AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
KEEP BATTERIES AND ELECTROLYTE AWAY FROM CHILDREN
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AND INFORMATION
Follow these instructions closely when repairing, disassembling or reassembling the motorcycle or its components.
DANGER
Using naked flames is strictly forbidden when working on the motorcycle. Before servicing or
inspecting the motorcycle: stop the engine and remove the key from the ignition switch; allow for the
engine and exhaust system to cool down; where possible, lift the motorcycle using adequate
equipment placed on firm and level ground. Be careful of any parts of the engine or exhaust system
which may still be hot to the touch to avoid scalds or burns.
Do not put any vehicle parts into your mouth: vehicle components are not edible and some of them
are harmful or even toxic.
Unless expressly specified otherwise, assemblies are reassembled by reversing the dismantling
procedure. Where a procedure is cross-referred to relevant sections in the manual, proceed sensibly
to avoid disturbing any parts unless strictly necessary. Never attempt to polish matte-finished
surfaces with lapping compounds.
Never use fuel instead of solvent to clean the motorcycle.
Do not clean any rubber or plastic parts or the seat with alcohol, gas or solvents. Clean with water and
neutral detergent.
Always disconnect the battery negative (-) lead before soldering any electrical components.
When two or more persons service the same motorcycle together, special care must be taken to avoid
personal injury.
BEFORE DISASSEMBLING ANY COMPONENTS
•
Clean off all dirt, mud, and dust and clear any foreign objects from the vehicle before disassembling any
components.
•
Use the model-specific special tools where specified.
1 - 10
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
GENERAL INFORMATION
DISASSEMBLING THE COMPONENTS
Never use pliers or similar tools to slacken and/or tighten nuts and bolts. Always use the suitable wrench.
Mark all connections (hoses, wiring, etc.) with their positions before disconnecting them. Identify each connection
using a distinctive symbol or convention.
Mark each part clearly to avoid confusion when refitting.
Thoroughly clean and wash any components you have removed using a detergent with low flash point.
Mated parts should always be refitted together. These parts will have seated themselves against one another in
service as a result of normal wear and tear and should never be mixed up with other similar parts on refitting.
Certain components are matched-pair parts and should always be replaced as a set.
Keep away from heat sources.
REASSEMBLING THE COMPONENTS
DANGER
Never reuse a circlip or snap ring. These parts must always be renewed once they have been
removed.
When fitting a new circlip or snap ring, take care to move the open ends apart just enough to allow
fitting to the shaft.
Make it a rule to check that a newly-fitted circlip or snap ring has located fully into its groove.
Never clean a bearing with compressed air.
NOTE All bearings must rotate freely with no hard spots or noise. Replace any bearings that do not meet these
requirements.
-
Use ORIGINAL aprilia SPARE PARTS only.
Use the specified lubricants and consumables.
Where possible, lubricate a part before assembly.
When tightening nuts and bolts, start with the largest or innermost nut/bolt and observe a cross pattern. Tighten
evenly, in subsequent steps until achieving the specified torque.
Replace any self-locking nuts, gaskets, seals, circlips or snap rings, O-rings, split pins, bolts and screws which
have a damaged thread.
Lubricate the bearings abundantly before assembly.
Make it a rule to check that all components you have fitted are correctly in place.
After repairing the motorcycle and after each service inspection, perform the preliminary checks, and then operate
the motorcycle in a private estate area or in a safe area away from traffic.
Clean all mating surfaces, oil seal edges and gaskets before assembly. Apply a thin layer of lithium grease along
the edges of oil seals. Fit oil seals and bearings with the marking or serial number facing outwards (in view).
ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS
To disconnect the electrical connectors, follow the procedures below. Failure to comply with these procedures may lead
to irreparable damage to the connector and the wiring as well.
If present, press the special safety hooks.
•
•
•
WARNING
Do not pull cables to disconnect the two connectors.
Grasp the two connectors and disconnect them by pulling them in the two opposite directions.
In case of dirt, rust, moisture, etc.., thoroughly clean the inside of the connectors with compressed air.
Make sure that the cables are correctly fitted inside the connector terminals.
NOTE The two connectors have just one correct positioning. Make sure to position them in the right direction.
•
Then fit the two connectors. Make sure they are correctly coupled (a click will be heard if hooks are present).
TIGHTENING TORQUE SETTINGS
DANGER
Always remember that the tightening torque settings of all wheel, brake, wheel shaft and other
suspension parts play a fundamental role to ensure vehicle safety. Make sure that these values are
always within the specified limits.
Check fastening parts tightening torque settings at regular intervals. Upon reassembly, always use a
torque wrench.
Failure to comply with these recommendations could lead to the loosening and detachment of one of
these parts with a consequent locking of the wheel or other serious problems affecting vehicle
maneuverability, creating a risk of falling, serious injury or death.
1 - 11
GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1.5.
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
WARNINGS – PRECAUTIONS – GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
Your safety and that of those around you depends not only on your skill as a rider, but also your knowledge about your
vehicle and about riding safely.
Therefore it is essential that you do not operate your vehicle on public streets or highways until you have received
instructions from a qualified safety organization such as the Motorcycle Safety Foundation, and are properly trained and
licensed.
REPORTING OF DEFECTS THAT AFFECT SAFETY
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying aprilia. If NHTSA
receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it
may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you
and your dealer, or aprilia. To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll free at 1-800-424-9393 (or
366-0123 in the Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.
20590.
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
ROAD REGULATIONS AND USE OF THE VEHICLE
Rules of the road vary from country to country. is essential that you understand in advance the rules of the road of the
country in which your vehicle will be used.
WARNING
This vehicle has been designed and produced for use only on paved roads. It is not designed to be
used on even smooth graded dirt roads or trails. It is not designed for off-road competition or for cross
country riding. Do not use this vehicle on rough or unimproved surfaces, or in other off-road areas.
Failure to heed this warning could lead to an upset with subsequent injury and even death.
NOISE EMISSION WARRANTY
Aprilia Division of Piaggio & C. S.p.A warrants that this exhaust system, at the time of sale, meets all applicable U.S EPA
Federal noise standards for Off Road Motorcycle.
This warranty extends to the first person who buys this exhaust system for purposes other than resale, and to all
subsequent buyers.
Warranty claims should be directed to:
Aprilia USA inc.
109 Smoke Hill Lane, Suite 190
Woodstock, GA 30188
USA
Tel
001 770 592 2261
Fax
001 770 592 4878
INFORMATION ON THE NOISE AND EXHAUST GAS EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
ORIGIN OF THE EMISSIONS
The combustion process produces carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. The control of hydrocarbons is very important,
because under certain conditions they react to exposure to sunlight and produce photochemical smog.
Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic and poisonous.
Aprilia utilizes ‘lean’ carburetor settings and other systems to reduce the production of carbon monoxide and
hydrocarbons.
TAMPERING WARNING
Tampering with the noise control system is prohibited.
Federal law prohibits the following acts or causing thereof :
1. The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or
replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise
control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use
2. The use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
Among those acts presumed to constitute tampering are the acts listed below :
1 - 12
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
•
•
•
GENERAL INFORMATION
Removal or puncturing of the muffler, baffles, header pipes or any other component wich conducts exhaust gases.
Removal or puncturing of any part of the intake system.
Lack of proper maintenance.
Replacing any moving part of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
Piaggio & C. S.p.A.
Viale Rinaldo Piaggio, 25
56025 Pontedera (PI) Italy
Piaggio Group Americas, Inc.
140 East 45th Street, 17th Floor
New York, NY 10017 U.S.A.
CAUTION
This product should be checked for repair or replacement if the vehicle noise has increased
significantly through use.
Otherwise, the owner may become subject to penalties under state and local ordinances.
PROBLEMS THAT MAY AFFECT THE VEHICLE EMISSIONS
If any of the following symptoms are observed, immediately have your vehicle inspected and repaired by your Local
aprilia Dealer.
Symptoms:
– Difficult starting or stalling after starting.
– Irregular idle.
– Misfiring or backfiring during acceleration.
– After-burning (backfiring).
– Poor engine performance, degraded handling, or poor fuel economy.
1 - 13
GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1.6.
POSITION OF THE ADHESIVE WARNING LABELS
1) V.I.N
2) Polluting 450
3) Polluting 550
1 - 14
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
GENERAL INFORMATION
4) Noise SXV450
5) Noise SXV550
6) Gomme RXV
7) Gomme SXV
1 - 15
GENERAL INFORMATION
8) Sonore RXV450
9) Sonore RXV550
10) Hang tag 450
11) Hang tag 550
1 - 16
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
GENERAL INFORMATION
12) Polluting 450 Off road
13) Polluting 550 Off road
1 - 17
GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1.7.
EMISSION & NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
The United States Environmental Protection Agency, the
California Air Resources Board and Aprilia Division of
Piaggio & C. S.p.A. (hereinafter Aprilia) are pleased to
explain the emission control system warranty on your 2007
and later off-road motorcycle.
New motor vehicles must be designed, built and equipped to
meet the Federal and Californian stringent anti-smog
standards.
Aprilia must warrant the emission control system on your offroad motorcycle for the periods of time listed below provided
there has been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance
of your off-road motorcycle.
Your emission control system may include parts such as the
carburetor or fuel injection system, the ignition system,
catalytic converter and engine computer.
Also included may be hoses, belts, connectors and other
emission-related assemblies.
Where a warrantable condition exists, Aprilia will repair your
motorcycle at no cost to you, including diagnosis, parts and
labor.
MANUFACTURER'S WARRANTY COVERAGE
Off-Road Motorcycles <= 70 cc: for a period of use of 30
months (2.5 years) or 1,550 mi (2,500 km), whichever comes
first.
Off-Road Motorcycles > 70 cc: for a period of use of 30
months (2.5 years) or 3,100 mi (5,000 km), whichever comes
first.
If an emission-related part on your off-road motorcycle is
defective, the part will be repaired or replaced by Aprilia.
This is your emission control system DEFECTS
WARRANTY.
OWNER'S WARRANTY RESPONSIBILITIES
As the motorcycle owner, you are responsible for the
performance of the required maintenance listed in your
owner's manual. Aprilia recommends that you retain all
receipts covering maintenance on your motorcycle, but
Aprilia cannot deny warranty solely for the lack of receipts or
for your failure to ensure the performance of all scheduled
maintenance.
You are responsible for presenting your off-road motorcycle
to an Aprilia dealer as soon as a problem exists. The
warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable
amount of time, not to exceed 30 days.
As the motorcycle owner, you should be aware that Aprilia
may deny your warranty coverage if your motorcycle or a
part has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance
or unapproved modifications.
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and
responsibilities, you should contact Piaggio Group Americas,
Inc., 140 East 45th Street, 17th Floor New York, NY 10017,
or the U.S. Enviromental Protection Agency, 2000
Traverwood Ann Arbor, MI 48105, or the California Air
Resources Board at P.O. Box 8001, 9528 Telstar Avenue,
El Monte, CA 91734-8001.
1 - 18
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
GENERAL INFORMATION
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
LIMITED WARRANTY ON EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Aprilia warrants that each new 2007 and after Aprilia off-road
motorcycle:
A.
is designed, built and equipped to comply at the
time of initial retail purchase with all applicable regulations of
the United States Environmental Protection Agency, and the
California Air Resources Board;
B.
is free from defects in material and workmanship
which cause such motorcycle to fail to comply with
applicable regulations of the United States Environmental
Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board for
a period of use, depending on the engine displacement,
1,550 mi (2,500 km), if the off-road motorcycle's engine
displacement is equal or less than 70 cubic cm, of 3,100 mi
(5,000 km), if the off-road motorcycle's engine displacement
is greater than 70 cubic cm; or 30 months (2.5 years) from
the date of initial retail delivery, whichever comes first.
I.
COVERAGE. Warranty defects shall be remedied
during customary business hours at any authorized Aprilia
motorcycle dealer located within the United States of
America in compliance with the Clean Air Act and applicable
regulations of the United States Environmental Protection
Agency and the California Air Resources Board. Any part or
parts replaced under this warranty shall become the property
of Aprilia.
In the State of California only, emission related warranted
parts are specifically defined by the state's Emission
Warranty Parts List. These warranted parts are: carburetor
and internal parts; intake manifold; fuel injection system;
spark advance mechanism; crankcase breather; air cutoff
valves; ignition coils; ignition wires; ignition points;
condensers, and spark plugs if failure occurs prior to the first
scheduled replacement; and hoses, clamps, fittings and
tubing used directly in these parts. Since emission related
parts may vary from model to model, certain models may not
contain all of these parts and certain models may contain
functionally equivalent parts.
In the State of California only, Emission Control System
emergency repairs, as provided for in the California
Administrative Code, may be performed by other than an
authorized Aprilia dealer. An emergency situation occurs
when an authorized Aprilia dealer is not reasonably
available, a part is not available within 30 days, or a repair is
not complete within 30 days. Any replacement part can be
used in an emergency repair. Aprilia will reimburse the
owner for the expenses, including diagnosis, not to exceed
Aprilia's suggested retail price for all warranted parts
replaced and labor charges based on Aprilia's recommended
time allowance for the warranty repair and the geographically
appropriate hourly labor rate. The owner may be required to
keep receipts and failed parts in order to receive
compensation.
II.
LIMITATIONS. This Emission Control
warranty shall not cover any of the following:
A.
System
Repair or replacement required as a result of:
accident,
misuse,
repairs improperly performed or replacements
improperly installed,
(4)
use of replacement parts or accessories not
conforming to Aprilia specifications which
adversely affect performance and/or,
(5)
use in competitive racing or related events
(1)
(2)
(3)
1 - 19
GENERAL INFORMATION
B.
Inspections, replacement of parts and other
services and adjustments required for required maintenance.
C.
Any off-road motorcycle on which the odometer
mileage has been changed so that actual mileage cannot be
readily determined.
III.
LIMITED LIABILITY
A.
The liability of Aprilia under this Emission Control
System Warranty is limited solely to the remedying of defects
in material or workmanship by an authorized Aprilia
motorcycle dealer at its place of business during customary
business hours.
This warranty does not cover
inconvenience or loss of use of the motorcycle or
transportation of the motorcycle to or from the Aprilia dealer.
APRILIA SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY OTHER
EXPENSES, LOSS OR DAMAGE, WHETHER DIRECT,
INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL
OR
EXEMPLARY
ARISING IN CONNECTION WITH THE SALE OR USE OF
OR INABILITY TO USE THE APRILIA OFF-ROAD
MOTORCYCLE FOR ANY PURPOSE. SOME STATES DO
NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF ANY
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE
ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
B.
NO EXPRESS EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
WARRANTY IS GIVEN BY APRILIA EXCEPT AS
SPECIFICALLY SET FORTH HEREIN. ANY EMISSION
CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY IMPLIED BY LAW,
INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, IS LIMITED TO
THE
EXPRESS
EMISSION
CONTROL
SYSTEM
WARRANTY TERMS STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. THE
FOREGOING STATEMENTS OF WARRANTY ARE
EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER REMEDIES.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW
LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS SO THE ABOVE
LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
C.
No dealer is authorized to modify this Aprilia Limited
Emission Control System Warranty.
IV.
LEGAL RIGHTS. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU
SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE
OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
V.
THIS WARRANTY IS IN ADDITION TO THE
APRILIA
LIMITED
OFF-ROAD
MOTORCYCLE
WARRANTY.
VI.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION. Any replacement
part that is equivalent in performance and durability may be
used in the performance of any maintenance or repairs.
However, Aprilia is not liable for these parts. The owner is
responsible for the performance of all required maintenance.
Such maintenance may be performed at a service
establishment or by any individual. The warranty period
begins on the date the motorcycle is delivered to an ultimate
purchaser.
1 - 20
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
GENERAL INFORMATION
1 - 21
USE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
2
2-1
USE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2.1.
IDENTIFICATION DATA .................................................................................................................................. 3
2.1.1.
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (ENGINE NUMBER) (FRAME NUMBER) (V.I.N) ..................... 3
2.2.
RIDING IN SAFETY ......................................................................................................................................... 5
2.2.1.
BASIC SAFETY RULES ......................................................................................................................... 5
2.2.2.
CLOTHING ........................................................................................................................................... 10
2.2.3.
ACCESSORIES.................................................................................................................................... 11
2.2.4.
LOAD.................................................................................................................................................... 12
2.3.
CONTROLS ................................................................................................................................................... 13
2.3.1.
LOCATION OF KEY COMPONENTS................................................................................................... 13
2.3.2.
CONTROLS LAYOUT .......................................................................................................................... 17
2.4.
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS.............................................................................................................. 18
2.4.1.
KEY ...................................................................................................................................................... 18
2.4.2.
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE........................................................................................ 19
2.4.3.
MULTIFUNCTION DIGITAL DISPLAY ................................................................................................. 20
2.5.
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS............................................................................................................... 24
2.5.1.
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT PART OF THE HANDLEBAR................................................................ 24
2.5.2.
CONTROLS ON THE LEFT PART OF THE HANDLEBAR .................................................................. 25
2.5.3.
IGNITION SWITCH .............................................................................................................................. 26
2.5.4.
STEERING LOCK ................................................................................................................................ 27
2.6.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE ........................................................................................................................... 28
2.6.1.
GENERAL WARNINGS........................................................................................................................ 28
2.6.2.
PRE-RIDE CHECKS CHART ............................................................................................................... 31
2.6.3.
STARTING ........................................................................................................................................... 32
2.6.4.
MOVING OFF AND RIDING................................................................................................................. 35
2.6.5.
RUNNING-IN ........................................................................................................................................ 38
2.6.6.
STOPPING ........................................................................................................................................... 39
2.6.7.
PARKING ............................................................................................................................................. 40
2.6.8.
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND .................................................................................. 41
2.6.9.
SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT THEFT ............................................................................................... 42
2.6.10.
TRANSPORT ....................................................................................................................................... 43
2.6.11.
CLEANING ........................................................................................................................................... 44
2.6.12.
LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY........................................................................................................ 46
2.6.13.
AFTER A PERIOD OF INACTIVITY ..................................................................................................... 47
2.6.14.
RXV ACCESSORIES ........................................................................................................................... 48
2-2
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.1.
USE
IDENTIFICATION DATA
2.1.1.
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (ENGINE NUMBER) (FRAME NUMBER) (V.I.N)
It is a good rule to write down the frame and engine numbers
in the space provided in this manual.
The frame number can be used for the purchase of spare
parts.
WARNING
Do not alter the identification numbers if you do
not want to incur in severe penal and
administrative sanctions. In particular, the
alteration of the frame number results in the
immediate invalidity of the warranty.
ENGINE NUMBER
The engine number is stamped on the left side of engine
block.
Engine no.
FRAME NUMBER
The frame number is stamped on the right side of the
steering column.
Frame no.
2-3
USE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
V.I.N
Every vehicle produced by aprilia receives a vehicle
identification number (V.I.N).
DIGIT MEANING
1.
Check digit
2.
Year
3.
Assembling factory designation (N = NOALE
SCORZE VE)
2-4
VE, S =
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.2.
2.2.1.
USE
RIDING IN SAFETY
BASIC SAFETY RULES
The instructions given below cover normal operation of your
vehicle and must be carefully observed. By following these
rules you will enhance your own safety and the safety of
those around you. You will also maximize the life and utility
of your vehicle.
Two-wheeled vehicles obviously do not provide some of the
protection provided by automobiles, therefore it is essential
that you wear appropriate protective clothing. In particular,
never operate your vehicle without wearing your helmet,
gloves, eye protection, a heavy jacket, sturdy footwear, and
sturdy full length pants.
However, do not assume that even the best clothing and
helmet will protect you in the event of an upset or a crash
with another vehicle. At best, this gear provides some
protection from scrapes and scratches, but very little, if any,
impact protection.
Be sure that you meet all the requirements prescribed by
local law, including driver s license, minimum age, training,
insurance, taxes, vehicle registration, license plate, etc.
When you first receive your vehicle, practice by riding in
areas where there is little traffic. Do not attempt to ride in
heavy traffic until you are thoroughly experienced and riding
your vehicle has become second nature to you.
Although this vehicle is legal for operation on freeways and
expressways, it is advisable to not ride on these high speed
highways until you are thoroughly familiar with your vehicle
and have attained a high degree of skill in its operation.
A new vehicle must be carefully run in, see page 75
(RUNNING-IN).
Before starting the engine, make sure that the brakes,
clutch, gearbox and throttle controls function properly and
that the fuel and oil supply is adequate.
The exhaust system, brakes, and some other parts of the
vehicle become very hot during operation.
Do not touch any of these parts.
Some medicines or drugs, illegal or prescription, and alcohol
significantly increase the risk of accidents. Do not ride while
you are under the influence of alcohol or drugs, illiegal or
prescription.
2-5
USE
Make sure you are in good physical condition and not ill
before riding your vehicle. Do not ride your vehicle when you
are particularly tired or fatigued. Alcohol, drugs and fatigue
are leading causes of vehicle accidents. Many accidents are
caused by the rider s inexperience and lack of training. Do
not ride your vehicle until you have received training from a
recognized training organization such as the Motorcycle
Safety Foundation. Remember that riding a two-wheeled
vehicle, though easy and fun, is quite different from driving a
car. Do not assume that you can operate your vehicle safely
just because you are a competent automobile driver. Never
lend your vehicle to others unless you are sure that they are
competent and properly licensed vehicle operators.
Observe all rules of the road. Pay special attention to all
warning, regulatory and informational signs. Avoid showing
off (i.e., popping wheelies). Especially observe speed limits,
remember that road conditions change with the weather and
wet and icy pavements are particularly dangerous for
vehicles, especially if you are riding too fast. Remember that
automobile drivers have a hard time seeing two-wheeled
vehicles, so always give the automobile the right of way,
even if it is legally yours. Before changing lanes, look over
your shoulder to make sure that the way is clear. Do not rely
exclusively on the rearview mirror: you may miscalculate the
distance and speed of a vehicle, or you may even not see it
at all.
Avoid obstacles that could damage the vehicle or make you
lose control.
Do not tailgate, do not attempt to increase your gas mileage
by following in the slip stream of cars or trucks in front of
you.
In case of accident motorcycles, scooters and mopeds do
not provide the same degree of protection ensured by
automobiles. The legs, in particular, are exposed to the risk
of injury. However, the additional installation of leg guards
may actually increase the risk of injuries and their
seriousness in case of accident.
Do not install leg guards available on the spare parts and
accessories market. Non-compliance with these instructions
may result in serious injuries or even death.
Always ride with both hands on the handlebars and feet on
the footrests. Never shift gear without using the clutch, if the
vehicle is so equipped. Do not operate the shift lever or the
other controls suddenly or abruptly. Such misuse can
damage the internal components of the vehicle and
consequently cause seizure, loss of control, accidents and
serious injuries or even death. Remain in the saddle when
you are riding. Do not stand up or attempt to stretch while
you are riding your vehicle. If you need to rest, pull over to
the side of the road when it can be safely done.
2-6
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
It is very important to your safety that you give full attention
to the act of riding. Watch what you are doing, do not allow
yourself to be distracted by other cars, people or things on
the roadside, etc. Never smoke, eat, drink, read, etc. while
riding your vehicle. If you must consult a map, pull over
when it can be done safely.
Use only the vehicle s specific fuels and lubricants indicated
in the LUBRICANT CHART ; check the oil, fuel and coolant
levels regularly. If the throttle sticks, it may cause a collision
with another vehicle, or an upset. If the throttle sticks, kill the
engine with the engine stop switch located on the right
handlebar. Do not attempt to restart the engine until the
throttle has been repaired and works perfectly. Failure to
obey this warning can lead to a runaway with seriously
injuries or even death.
Your vehicle is equipped with a double cable throttle. One
cable opens the throttle when you rotate the throttle grip
toward you; the other closes the throttle when you rotate the
grip away from you. When you release the throttle grip, it is
essential that it automatically return to the idle position.
This double cable arrangement enhances safety by
providing for positive closing of the throttle.
WARNING
In the event of a throttle sticking emergency,
always kill the engine using the engine stop
switch located near the throttle grip on the
right handlebar. Never use your vehicle if the
throttle does not automatically fully return to
the idle position when the throttle grip is
released. Contact your Local aprilia Dealer for
repairs. Failure to heed this warning can lead to
a serious accident and subsequent injury or
even death.
If you and your vehicle are involved in an accident, ensure
that there has been no damage to the control levers, tubes,
wires, braking system and other vital parts. If your vehicle is
involved in an accident, take it to your Local aprilia Dealer
immediately. He has the equipment and knowledge to check
for accidental damage which may compromise your safety.
Your aprilia Dealer is ready and able to help you with any
safety problems you may have, but naturally you should
report any malfunctions to your mechanic in order for him to
help you.
Do not use your vehicle if it is damaged. A damaged vehicle
may become unstable or present other problems which can
increase the risk of accident, and therefore of serious injury
or even death.
2-7
USE
Do not attempt to modify the position, angle or color of your
license plate. Do not even protect it with a clear plastic
covering. Do not modify any of the safety equipment of your
vehicle, especially such safety related items as directional
indicators, rearview mirrors, lights or horns.
Any modification to your vehicle will invalidate the warranty.
Do not modify your engine in an attempt to increase the
horsepower. This can result in irreparable damage to the
engine and a compromise in the performance and handling
of the vehicle, which could lead to an upset, serious injury or
even death.
Have your vehicle repaired only with original parts, and use
only original aprilia or aprilia approved accessories. The
use of aftermarket accessories and parts can seriously
compromise the safety of your vehicle as well as its
performance and serviceability. Any modification which
affects performance or safety voids your warranty
completely. Tampering with the emissions or noise control
systems on your vehicle is against the law, and can be
punished by large fines.
In some jurisdictions, it can even lead to the confiscation of
your vehicle.
This vehicle was not designed to be equipped with a sidecar
or be used to tow trailers or other vehicles. aprilia does not
manufacture sidecars or trailers and therefore cannot predict
the effects of such accessories on the maneuverability or
stability of the vehicle: it can only warn that such effects may
be negative and that any damage to the vehicle components
caused by the use of such accessories will not be covered
by the warranty.
Never race other vehicles with your vehicle.
Brake with both the front and rear brakes.
The use of one brake only for sudden braking may cause
the vehicle to skid or make the rider lose control of the
vehicle itself.
When riding down a steep hill, use the engine as a brake by
selecting the same gear, or a lower gear, than you would
use to climb the hill. Use front and rear brakes sparingly.
2-8
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
Always ride at the appropriate speed and avoid unnecessary
hard acceleration. This not only is safer, but also reduces
fuel consumption and increases the life of the vehicle.
If you must ride your vehicle in rainy weather, or on loose
surfaces, remember that traction is greatly reduced. Under
these conditions, all handling of the vehicle must be done
gradually and smoothly.
Sudden acceleration, braking or turning may make you lose
control of your vehicle.
When traction is reduced, accelerate and slow using your
vehicle s engine braking insofar as possible. Avoid rapid,
harsh application of the brakes.
Gradually open and close the throttle to avoid spinning or
skidding the rear wheel.
On rough road surfaces, slow down and ride with particular
care.
Try to avoid wide open throttle accelerations, unless they
are necessary for such things as passing.
Don t allow your engine to lug, that is, run at too low an
rpm. Shift down to a lower gear. Also, don t over-rev the
engine.
Observe the red line on the tachometer.
Remember that excessively aggressive cornering can cause
your vehicle s tires to lose sideways traction, which can
result in an upset and serious injury or even death.
Always observe posted and statutory speed limits, but do
not assume that you can ride as fast as the speed limit
under all road conditions. Slowing down a little can greatly
increase your safety under all road conditions.
Do not ride your vehicle off road.
Do not tamper with the muffler system or the emissions
control system of your vehicle. This is not only bad for the
environment, it can subject you to serious penalties.
2-9
USE
2.2.2.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
CLOTHING
Before riding your vehicle, ensure that your riding gear is in
good condition. To be effective, your helmet must fit
properly, and the visor or other eye protection must be
clean.
Both research and experience have shown that drivers of
other vehicles often do not see vehicles or riders. In order to
make yourself more conspicuous to these drivers, wear
bright reflective clothing, such as a reflective vest, or clothing
with reflective sections sewn into the jacket, pants and
gloves. Be particularly aware of approaching automobiles
and trucks that might be trying to turn left in front of you.
Many vehicle accidents are caused by an opposing
automobile driver making a left turn without warning in front
of the vehicle.
Inevitably, the driver will look right at you,and yet swear that
they did not see you before they turned directly into your
path. Ride alert!
Wear protective clothing, preferably in light and/or reflecting
colours. In this way you will make yourself more visible to the
other drivers, thus notably reducing the risk of being
knocked down, and you will be more protected in case of
fall.
Always wear your crash helmet. Many accidents are fatal
because of injuries to the head.
This clothing should be very tight-fitting and fastened at the
wrists and ankles.
Strings, belts and ties should not be hanging loose; prevent
these and other objects from interfering with driving by
getting entangled with moving parts or driving mechanisms.
Do not carry sharp objects in your pockets that could be
dangerous in case of an upset, for example, pens or
mechanical pencils, etc. Also, make sure that your
passengers follow this recommendation.
2 - 10
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.2.3.
USE
ACCESSORIES
The owner of the vehicle is responsible for the choice,
installation and use of any accessory.
The installation of inappropriate accessories or the
overloading of the vehicle may result in the instability of the
vehicle itself and cause accidents with consequent risk of
serious injuries or even death. Windshields can be
particularly dangerous, as they can break and injure or cut
the rider in case of accident. In case of doubts with regard to
any accessory you would like to install or any load you would
like to carry, previously consult your Local aprilia Dealer.
Avoid installing accessories that cover horns or lights or that
could impair their functions, limit the suspension stroke and
the steering angle, hamper the operation of the controls and
reduce the distance from the ground and the angle of
inclination in turns.
Avoid using accessories that hamper access to the controls,
since this can prolong reaction times during an emergency.
Fairings and windshields installed on the vehicle may
produce aerodynamic forces that will affect the stability of
the vehicle during use, especially at high speeds.
Make sure that anything you carry on your vehicle is
securely attached, and cannot come lose and jam the
wheels, forks, etc.
Do not install any electrical accessories, and do not modify
the electrical system of your vehicle. Anything that could
cause an electrical overload or other fault could cause the
vehicle to suddenly stop, the lights to dim or quit, or the horn
and other safety accessories not to work. Use only genuine
aprilia accessories.
2 - 11
USE
2.2.4.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
LOAD
Do not overload your vehicle. Attach luggage or packages
as close as possible to the center of your vehicle and
distribute the load from side to side as evenly as possible, to
keep imbalance to a minimum.
Remember that loads tend to loosen with riding, so
frequently check the security of your load.
Do not hang anything from your vehicle handlebars, fenders,
or forks, because this will upset the handling of your vehicle,
and could prevent you from avoiding an accident. Failure to
heed this warning can lead to an upset with subsequent
serious injury or even death.
Do not ride with your crash helmet hung from the strap
because it could easily foul the wheels, fenders, or forks,
causing an upset and subsequent serious injury or even
death.
Carry a passenger only if your vehicle is equipped with
passenger footrests, handgrips for the passenger to hold on
to, and a passenger saddle.
When carrying a passenger, remember that your vehicle s
handling is reduced, that the brakes are less efficient, and
the center of gravity is higher and further to the rear.
This makes it more likely that the front wheel will come up off
the ground, especially on acceleration. Therefore, you
should avoid hard acceleration and hard braking. Many
accidents are caused by inexperienced riders carrying
passengers.
Remember that allowance must be made for the extra
weight of the passenger for all driving maneuvers.
Avoid abrupt and excessive acceleration.
Always slow down in time and calculate longer stopping and
manoeuvring distances. Non-compliance with these
instructions may lead to the overturning of the vehicle or to
other accidents with consequent serious injuries or even
death.
Never carry loosely packaged items, make sure that
everything that you carry on your vehicle is carefully
secured.
Do not carry packages which protrude from the luggage rack
or which cover any of the signal lights, the headlight, or the
horn.
Never carry animals or children on the glove compartment or
on the luggage rack.
Never exceed the labeled maximum load for each
saddlebag.
Overloading your vehicle seriously reduces its stability and
maneuverability and can lead to an upset with subsequent
serious injury or death.
2 - 12
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.3.
USE
CONTROLS
2.3.1.
LOCATION OF KEY COMPONENTS
SXV
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Left coolant radiator
Left rearview mirror
Fuel tank filler cap
Fuel tank
Battery
Seat
Tail light
swing arm
Drive chain
Rear left side body panel
Side stand
Rider left footrest
Gearbox control lever
Main fuse carrier (30A)
Front left side body panel
2 - 13
USE
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Front right side body panel
Right coolant radiator
Coolant expansion tank cap
Right rearview mirror
Air box
Auxiliary fuse box
Rear right side body panel
Master cylinder w/ rear brake fluid tank
Rider right footrest
Rear brake control lever
2 - 14
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
RXV
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Left coolant radiator
Left rearview mirror
Fuel tank filler cap
Fuel tank
Battery
Seat
Tail light
swing arm
Drive chain
Rear left side body panel
Side stand
Rider left footrest
Gearbox control lever
Main fuse carrier (30A)
Front left side body panel
2 - 15
USE
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Front right side body panel
Right coolant radiator
Coolant expansion tank cap
Right rearview mirror
Air box
Auxiliary fuse box
Rear right side body panel
Master cylinder w/ rear brake fluid tank
Rider right footrest
Rear brake control lever
2 - 16
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.3.2.
CONTROLS LAYOUT
CONTROLS
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Left rearview mirror
Clutch lever
Instruments and indicators
Ignition switch/steering lock (
Front brake lever
Right rearview mirror
Throttle grip
)
2 - 17
USE
2.4.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS
2.4.1.
KEY
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS
Key:
1.
2.
3.
MODE button
Green neutral light ( )
Red engine oil pressure warning light (
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Engine control system warning light (
)
Multifunction digital display.
Orange low fuel warning light ( )
Blue high beam warning light ( )
Green turn indicator warning light ( )
Red line light
2 - 18
)
USE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.4.2.
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE
Description
Function
Turn indicator repeater ( )
Blinks when the direction indicators are on.
Engine control system warning light Comes on when the ignition switch is set to ( ) with the engine stopped as a
lamp test. If the light does not come on in this phase, contact an aprilia
(
)
Authorized Dealer.
High beam light (
)
Fuel reserve light ( )
WARNING If the light (
) remains on after the engine start or
comes on during the normal operation of the engine, this means
that a fault of the ignition/fuel feeding system was detected. If
this is the case, immediately contact an aprilia Authorized Dealer.
Comes on when the high beam bulbs are on or when the headlight flasher is
operated.
It comes on when the quantity of fuel left in the tank is 4 ± 1.8 in (2.2 ± 1 liters ).
WARNING Avoid depleting the fuel reserve at all costs or the fuel
pump might damage.
Comes on when the gear is in neutral.
Neutral indicator light ( )
Engine oil pressure warning light Comes on when the ignition switch is set to ( ) with the engine stopped as a
lamp test. If the light does not come on in this phase, contact an aprilia
( )
Authorized Dealer.
Red line light
Multifunction digital display
WARNING If the engine oil pressure warning light ( ) remains
on after engine starting or comes on during the normal operation
of the engine, this means that the engine oil pressure in the
circuit is insufficient. In this case, stop the engine immediately
and contact an aprilia Authorized Dealer.
Blinks when activation threshold (max. rpm) set by the user is exceeded, see
(GEAR SHIFT INDICATOR).
Speedometer (km/h - MPH)
Gives current driving speed, three digits, see
(MULTIFUNCTION DISPLAY)
Odometer Km/miles
Gives total distance covered or distance
covered since the trip meter was last reset (in
km or miles).
Revolution counter rpm
Indicates the number of revolutions of the
engine per minute.
Clock
Battery voltage
WARNING Never exceed the engine
max. speed rate, see (RUNNING-IN).
Displays time (hour and minutes) as preset, see
(MULTIFUNCTION DISPLAY).
Gives
battery
charge
in
Volt,
see
(MULTIFUNCTION DISPLAY)
2 - 19
USE
2.4.3.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
MULTIFUNCTION DIGITAL DISPLAY
CONTROLS
1 MODE pushbutton; to display and make adjustments
(works only when vehicle is stopped).
2 SCROLL pushbutton; to display and set all functions
except the time.
When you turn the ignition key to "
", the following
instrument panel lights will turn on for 3 seconds:
all warning lights;
Backlighting
All segments on the multifunction digital display.
After the first check routine, the multifunction display will
immediately indicate current battery charge, and then
display the measured values in the page that was active
before switch-off.
-
ODO
CURRENT SPEED (zone A)
ODOMETER (zone B)
GRAPHICAL REV COUNTER, with engine running
(zone C)
TRIP
TRIP configuration shows trip (partial) data.
To select TRIP configuration, press MODE if vehicle is
stopped, or press SCROLL if vehicle is running, and
ODOMETER indication will switch to TRIP.
2 - 20
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
Press again MODE, if vehicle is stopped, or SCROLL, if
vehicle is running, and TRIP indication will switch to
AVERAGE SPEED (AVS) indication, as calculated within the
trip.
To reset TRIP and corresponding AVERAGE SPEED (AVS)
counter press MODE or SCROLL for more than five
seconds, with vehicle stopped, and value displayed in area
B of the display will change into four dashes. Dashes will
turn into four zeroes when button is released (000.0).
TIME
With AVERAGE SPEED (AVS) page displayed, press
MODE, if vehicle is stopped, or SCROLL, if vehicle is
running, to enter the TIME function.
If speed current unit of measurement is km/h, time is
displayed in 24-hour format, while if speed unit is mph time
format is 12-hour with AM/PM indication.
ADJUSTMENT
Press MODE until hour figures blink;
Every time MODE is pressed, hour increase by one
unit, hold it down to quickly increase the value;
Leave it untouched for two seconds to store the value
and go on with minutes setting;
2 - 21
USE
Proceed in the same way to set minutes and seconds, data
will be stored after two seconds of inactivity (as previously
explained).
If unit of measurement is miles, when time is set, AM and
PM blink alternately, press MODE to set correct indication;
AM/PM indication changes between 12:59:59 and 13 (1
PM).
REVOLUTION COUNTER
From TIME page, briefly press SCROLL to enter the
REVOLUTION COUNTER configuration, value is shown in
area B and is also shown as a graph in area C of the
display.
RED LINE SETTING
The multifunction display normally comes with standard
preset red line values, if you want to advance this warning
indication, stop the vehicle and the engine and proceed as
follows:
Press MODE and SCROLL pushbuttons at the same
time for more than 5 seconds.
Area B will show five zeroes (00000); the first will be
flashing.
Every time MODE is pressed, the flashing value will
increase by one unit.
Leave it untouched for two seconds to store the value and
go on with minutes setting.
Proceed in the same way to set second and third zeroes,
data will be stored after two seconds of inactivity (as
previously explained).
It is not possible to change the last two zeroes.
If set number is correct, i.e. less than standard rpm, press
SCROLL for more than two seconds to store the value.
When the set threshold is exceeded, the alarm light (3) on
the instrument panel flashes until the value goes below the
threshold.
2 - 22
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
BATTERY ICON
The battery icon comes on when battery charge is low; if this
condition occurs while vehicle is running, check battery
charge and the recharging system. This icon normally
comes on before and after starting, it goes off when engine
has started.
2 - 23
USE
2.5.
2.5.1.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT PART OF THE HANDLEBAR
NOTE The electrical parts work only when the ignition switch
is in position
.
1 ENGINE STOP SWITCH (
)
WARNING
Do not operate the engine stop switch while
riding.
This switch serves as a safety or emergency switch. With
the switch pressed in position " ", it is possible to start the
engine; the engine can be stopped by pressing the switch to
position
".
WARNING
With the engine stopped and the ignition switch
in position
", the battery may run down.
WARNING
When the vehicle has come to a standstill and
you have stopped the engine, set the ignition
switch to position " ".
2 STARTER BUTTON ( )
When the starter button " " is pressed, the starter motor will
crank the engine. For the starting procedure, see
(STARTING).
3 COLD START CONTROL
In case of starting from cold, the control unit is not able to
keep the engine running on its own. In such cases, use the
cold start control. For the starting procedure, see
(STARTING).
2 - 24
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.5.2.
USE
CONTROLS ON THE LEFT PART OF THE HANDLEBAR
NOTE The electrical parts work only when the ignition switch
is in position
.
1 HIGH BEAM SIGNALING PUSHBUTTON ( )
It makes it possible to use the high beam for signalling to
forthcoming vehicles in case of danger and/or emergency.
NOTE Release the button to turn off the high beam flasher.
2 Dimmer switch (
)
When the light dimmer switch is in
position, the high
beam comes on; while in
position, the low beam
comes on.
3 SCROLL PUSHBUTTON
4 DIRECTION INDICATOR SWITCH ( )
To indicate the turn to the left, move the switch to the left; to
indicate the turn to the right, move the switch to the right.
Press the switch to turn off the direction indicator.
5 HORN BUTTON ( )
The horn is activated when the push button is pressed.
2 - 25
USE
2.5.3.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
IGNITION SWITCH
The ignition switch (1) is positioned on the upper plate of the
steering column.
NOTE The key operates the ignition switch/steering lock.
Two keys are supplied together with the vehicle (one spare
key).
NOTE Set the ignition switch to "
the lights.
" to automatically turn on
The lights will turn off when the ignition switch is set to "
Position
2 - 26
Function
The steering is
locked.
It is not possible
to
start
the
engine or switch
on the lights.
Neither
the
engine, nor the
lights
will
operate.
The engine and
the lights can be
operated.
".
Key removal
It is possible to
remove the key.
It is possible to
remove the key.
It is not possible
to remove the
key.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.5.4.
USE
STEERING LOCK
DANGER
Never turn the key to position " " when riding,
or you will lose control of the vehicle.
OPERATION
To lock the steering:
Turn the handlebar fully to the left.
Turn the key to " ".
Press and turn the key left (anticlockwise), slowly turn
the handlebar until key can be set to
.
Remove the key.
2 - 27
USE
2.6.
2.6.1.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE
GENERAL WARNINGS
FUEL
DANGER
The fuel used to operate engines is highly
flammable and becomes explosive under
certain conditions. Refueling and engine
service should take place in a well-ventilated
area with the engine stopped. Do not smoke
while refueling or near fuel vapors. In any case,
avoid contact with naked flames, sparks and
any other heat source or source of ignition to
prevent fires or explosion.
WARNING
Gasoline is poisonous and carcinogenic and
contains chemical substances that cause birth
defects and other reproductive problems. If
gasoline should be accidentally spilled on the
skin or clothes, immediately wash it off with
soap and water and change clothes. Should
gasoline accidentally come in contact with your
eyes, flush with a large quantity of water and
immediately contact a health professional.
Should you accidentally get gasoline into your
mouth, do not induce vomiting. Drink a large
quantity of milk or clear water and immediately
contact a health professional.
WARNING
Never try to siphon gasoline by using your
mouth. Use a manual pump or a similar system.
If your vehicle overturns, it will leak gasoline
which is extremely flammable. Flames or
sparks may ignite this which will not only
destroy the vehicle but could also do serious
damage to surrounding property and cause
serious injuries or even death.
ALWAYS KEEP GASOLINE AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DISPOSE OF UNWANTED GASOLINE PROPERLY, DO
NOT RELEASE IT INTO STORM SEWERS, SINKS OR
TOILETS.
2 - 28
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
DANGER
Take care not to spill fuel out of the filler, or it
may ignite when in contact with hot engine
parts. In case fuel has accidentally spilled,
make sure that the area has completely dried,
and before starting the vehicle check that there
is no fuel inside the fuel filler neck. Fuel
expands from heat and when left under direct
sunlight.
Never fill the fuel tank up to the brim. Screw the
plug up carefully after Refueling. Avoid any
contact of the fuel with the skin and the
inhalation of vapors; do not swallow fuel or
pour it from a receptacle into another by means
of a tube.
WARNING
If dirt has accumulated on or around the fuel
filler cap, wipe the cap and the area around the
cap with a clean cloth. Prevent any foreign
material from getting into the fuel tank, as this
could lead to serious engine damage.
Use only unleaded fuel, in conformity with the DIN 51 607
standard, min. O.N. 95 (RON) and 85 (MON)
-
TANK CAPACITY (reserve included): 7.5 liters (13.6 pt).
TANK RESERVE: 2.2 liters (4 pt) (mechanical reserve).
To refuel, proceed as follows:
Unscrew and remove the fuel tank cap (1).
Refuel.
TIRES
This vehicle is provided with tires with tube.
DANGER
Periodically check tire inflation pressure at
ambient temperature, see (TECHNICAL DATA).
If tires are hot, the measurement will not be
correct.
Perform the measurement especially before and
after long rides.
If the inflation pressure is too high, the ground
unevenness can not be dampened and is
transmitted to the handlebar. This affects riding
comfort and reduces roadholding during
cornering.
WARNING
Measuring pressure must always be carried out
when the tires are cold. When tires are warm,
pressure increases, so checking pressure at
this time will lead to an incorrect reading. If the
tire is overinflated (pressure too high), the
result will be a hard and uncomfortable ride.
Also, roadholding, especially when cornering
and in wet conditions, will also be
compromised. If the tire is underinflated
(pressure too low), the tire may slip on the rim
with consequent loss of control. Again,
roadholding and handling characteristics will
be negatively affected and brake performance
reduced.
2 - 29
USE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
By contrast, if inflation pressure is too low, the
tire walls are placed under greater stress, and
the tire may slip on the rim or become loose,
with consequent loss of control of the vehicle.
In case of sudden braking, the tires could even
come off the rims.
Furthermore, the vehicle could skid while
cornering.
Check the surface and the wear of the tires:
tires in poor condition can impair both grip and
vehicle handling.
Change the tire when it is worn or in case of
puncture on the tread side, if the puncture is
larger than 5 mm (0.197 in).
After repairing a tire, have the wheels balanced.
Only use tires of the size indicated, see
(TECHNICAL DATA).
Make sure that the inflation valves always have
their sealing caps on to prevent the tires from
suddenly going flat.
Tire replacement and repair, as well as wheel
servicing and balancing are delicate operations
that should be carried out using adequate tools
and are best left to experienced mechanics.
For this reason, it is advisable to have the
above operations carried out by an aprilia
Authorized Dealer or by a qualified tire repairer.
If the tires are new, they may still be covered
with a slippery film: ride carefully for the first
several miles. Do not oil the tires with
unsuitable fluids.
Old tires, even if not completely worn down,
may become hard and provide poor grip.
Replace them if this is the case.
LUGGAGE
NOTE SXV RXV vehicles are not suitable for transporting
loads or luggage
2 - 30
USE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.6.2.
PRE-RIDE CHECKS CHART
DANGER
Before departure, always carry out a preliminary check of the vehicle to ensure that it functions correctly
and safely. See the PRE-RIDE CHECKS CHART.
Failure to comply with these checking procedures can cause severe personal injuries or damage to the
vehicle.
Do not hesitate to consult your aprilia Authorized Dealer if there is something you do not understand
about the operation of the controls, or in case you suspect or discover failures.
It does not take long to perform the checks and this step will guarantee you greater safety.
Component
Front and rear disk brakes
Throttle
Engine oil
Wheel/tires
Brake levers
Clutch
Steering
Side stand
Fastening elements
Drive chain
Fuel tank
Coolant
Engine stop switch (
)
Lights, warning lights, horn,
rear brake light switches and
electrical devices
Check
Check the operation, the idle stroke of the control levers, the fluid level and make sure
there are no leaks.
Check the pads for wear.
If necessary, top up the fluid tank.
Make sure that it works smoothly and that it is possible to open and close it completely,
in all steering positions. Adjust and/or lubricate, if necessary.
Check and/or top up if necessary.
Check the tire surface, the inflation pressure, wear and tear and any damage.
Remove any foreign matter that may be stuck in the tread grooves.
Make sure that they work smoothly.
Lubricate the articulations and adjust the stroke if necessary.
Check for proper operation, check clutch lever free play, clutch fluid level and check for
leaks. If necessary, top up the fluid; the clutch must work without snatching and/or
slipping.
Make sure that the steering rotates smoothly, without any clearance or looseness.
Make sure that it operates correctly. Make sure that when the stand is let up or down
there is no friction and that the spring tension brings it back to its normal position.
If necessary, lubricate joints and articulations.
Make sure that the fastening elements are not loose. If necessary, adjust or tighten
them.
Check the slack.
Check the fuel level and top up, if necessary.
Check the circuit for leaks.
Make sure that the fuel cap is correctly closed.
Radiator level should cover radiator plates.
Make sure that it operates correctly.
Check horn and indicators for proper operation. Change bulbs or fix a failure, if
necessary.
2 - 31
USE
2.6.3.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
STARTING
DANGER
Do not position any object inside the front
fairing (between the handlebar and the
instrument panel), in order not to hinder the
rotation of the handlebar and visibility toward
the instrument panel.
NOTE Before starting the engine, carefully read chapter
safe drive , see (SAFE DRIVE).
DANGER
This vehicle is extremely fast and powerful, and
must be used with the greatest care. Do not ride
this vehicle if you are not an experienced,
trained motorcycle rider.
WARNING
Be careful not to make the vehicle fall when you
first sit on it.
WARNING
Ensure that the side stand is correctly stowed.
DANGER
Exhaust emissions contain carbon oxide, a
poisonous gas and extremely harmful if
inhaled.
Avoid starting the engine in closed or poorly
ventilated areas.
WARNING
Failure to heed this warning may cause loss of
consciousness or even lead to death by
asphyxia.
Sit astride the vehicle, see (INSTRUCTIONS FOR
USE).
Make sure that the stand is completely up.
Make sure that the light switch (1) is in position
.
Set the engine stop switch (2) to position
".
Turn the key and set the ignition switch to position " ".
2 - 32
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
The following occurs:
Starting page is shown for three seconds on display.
All the lights on instrument panel turn on for three
seconds.
WARNING
If the low fuel warning light
" on the
instrument panel comes on, provide for topping
up as soon as possible, see (FUEL).
Operate a brake to lock at least one wheel.
Pull the clutch lever completely and shift the gearbox
lever into neutral [green warning light (N) on].
WARNING
Do not start the engine with gear engaged and
clutch pulled.
WARNING
To avoid excessive current draw from the
battery, do not hold down the starter button
(3) for more than three seconds, for five
attempts in a row. If the engine does not start
within this time, wait a few minutes to allow the
starter motor to cool down.
STARTING THE WARM ENGINE
Press the starter button
" (3) -do not open the
throttle yet- and release the button as soon as the
engine starts.
STARTING THE COLD ENGINE
Turn the throttle twistgrip.
Press the cold start button (4).
Release the throttle control. The throttle control will
stay slightly accelerated to keep the engine running
while warming up.
Take the throttle control to rest position to disable the
system.
WARNING
Avoid pressing the starter button " " when the
engine is running, or the starter motor may
damage.
If the engine oil pressure light " " on the
instrument panel comes on, it means that
engine oil pressure in the circuit is low. In this
case, stop the engine immediately and contact
an aprilia Authorized Dealer.
Keep at least one brake lever pulled and do not accelerate
until you move off.
WARNING
Due to the narrow engine manufacturing
tolerances and to the size of oilways suitable
for sports use, the engine may fail to start
under very cold temperatures. Do not
exaggerate starting attempts or the starter
2 - 33
USE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
exaggerate starting attempts or the starter
motor could damage. It is recommended to
keep the vehicle indoors, especially in winter.
Contact an Aprilia Authorized dealer who will
make any possible arrangement to solve the
problem: e.g. replacing the spark plug,
replacing the battery with one featuring a
higher starting current, using an engine oil with
reduced viscosity grade, etc.
WARNING
Never move off abruptly with the engine cold.
To reduce the emission of polluting substances
and the consumption of fuel, warm the engine
up by proceeding at low speed for the first
miles.
2 - 34
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.6.4.
USE
MOVING OFF AND RIDING
DANGER
Do not position any object inside the front
fairing (between the handlebar and the
instrument panel), in order not to hinder the
rotation of the handlebar and visibility toward
the instrument panel.
NOTE Before moving off, carefully read the riding in safety
chapter, see page (RIDING IN SAFETY).
WARNING
If the low fuel light
" on the instrument panel
comes on while vehicle is running, it means
that you still have 4 pt (2.2 l) of fuel in the tank
(1).
Provide for topping up as soon as possible, see
(FUEL).
Avoid depleting the fuel reserve at all costs or
the fuel pump might damage.
WARNING
While riding, keep your hands on the grips and
your feet on the footrests.
NEVER RIDE IN ANY POSITION OTHER THAN
THOSE INDICATED.
To leave:
Adjust the inclination of the rearview mirrors correctly.
WARNING
With the vehicle at rest, try to get acquainted
with the use of the rearview mirrors.
Start the engine, see (STARTING).
With released throttle grip (2) (Pos.A) and engine
idling, pull the clutch lever (3) completely.
Engage the first gear, by pushing the gear lever (4)
downwards.
Release the brake lever (pulled on the starting).
WARNING
On departure, the abrupt release of the clutch
lever may cause the engine to stall or the
vehicle to jerk forward.
Never accelerate abruptly or excessively when
releasing the clutch lever, in order to prevent
the clutch from slipping (slow release) or the
front wheel from raising and wheeling (quick
release).
Slowly release the clutch lever (3) and at the same
time accelerate by slightly turning the throttle grip (2)
(Pos.B).
The vehicle will start moving.
Ride at reduced speed for the first miles, in order to
warm the engine up.
WARNING
Never exceed the recommended rpm and
speed, see (RUNNING-IN).
Increase the speed by gradually rotating the throttle
grip (2) (Pos.B), without exceeding the recommended
speed (and rpm), see (RUNNING-IN).
2 - 35
USE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
To engage the second gear:
WARNING
Proceed quickly.
Never ride the vehicle at too low of an rpm.
Release throttle grip (2) (Pos.A), pull the clutch lever
(3) and pull up the gear change lever (4). Release the
clutch lever (3) and accelerate.
Repeat the last two operations and shift up.
WARNING
If the engine oil pressure light " " comes on,
it means that engine oil pressure in the circuit
is low. In this case, stop the engine immediately
and contact an aprilia Authorized Dealer.
Downshifting should be carried out in the following
situations:
When riding downhill or when braking, in order to
increase the braking action by using the compression
of the engine.
When riding uphill, if the gear engaged is not suitable
to the speed (high gear, moderate speed) and the
engine rpm decreases.
WARNING
Shift the gears one by one; the simultaneous
downshifting of more than one gear may make
you exceed the maximum rpm (red line).
Before and during downshifting, release the
throttle grip and decelerate in order to avoid the
red line .
To shift down, proceed as follows:
Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos.A).
If necessary, pull the brake levers moderately and
decrease the speed of the vehicle.
Pull the clutch lever (3) and lower the gear shift lever
(4) to shift down.
If the brake levers are pulled, release them.
Release the clutch lever and accelerate moderately.
WARNING
If the warning light
"on the instrument
panel comes on during the normal operation of
the engine, this means that the electronic
control unit has detected a failure. Immediately
contact an aprilia Authorized Dealer.
To avoid the overheating of the clutch, keep the
engine running with vehicle at rest, engaged
gears and pulled clutch lever for the shortest
time possible.
DANGER
Avoid opening and closing the throttle
repeatedly and continuously, so that you do not
accidentally lose control of the vehicle. If you
have to brake, close the throttle and put on
both brakes in order to obtain uniform
deceleration, properly exerting pressure on the
braking levers.
2 - 36
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
Using one brake only reduces braking force
significantly and may lock a wheel resulting in
loss of grip.
If you stop uphill, decelerate completely and
use the brakes only to keep the vehicle steady.
The use of the engine to keep the vehicle steady
may cause the overheating of the clutch.
When approaching a bend, slow down or brake
in good time. Take the bend at moderate, steady
speed or accelerate slightly. Late braking may
put the vehicle into a skid.
If the brakes are operated continuously on
downhill stretches, the friction surfaces may
overheat, thus reducing the braking efficiency.
Exploit the engine compression and shift down
by putting on both brakes intermittently. Never
ride downhill with the engine off!
When visibility is insufficient, switch on the low
beam even during the day, in order to make
your vehicle more visible. In case of wet
surfaces or poor grip (snow, ice, mud, etc.), ride
slowly and avoid sudden braking or maneuvers
that could make you lose grip and fall.
DANGER
Pay the utmost attention to any obstacle or
unevenness in the surface.
Uneven road surfaces, rails, inspection covers,
painted signals, construction site metal covers
become slippery in rainy weather and must be
negotiated carefully, smoothly and keeping the
vehicle upright.
Always signal your intention to change lanes or
direction in good time using the direction
indicators. Avoid sudden manuevers.
Switch off the turn indicators immediately after
changing direction.
Be very careful when overtaking or being
overtaken.
In rainy conditions, large vehicles lift surface
water, which affects visibility. In addition, the
slip stream may make you lose control of the
vehicle.
The vehicle does not fit a thermostatic valve: at
low speed and low temperature, the engine
does not reach the ideal operating temperature
resulting in bad operation and early wear.
2 - 37
USE
2.6.5.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
RUNNING-IN
The running-in of the engine is essential to ensure its life and
correct operation.
If possible, drive on hilly roads and/or roads with many
bends, so that the engine, suspensions and brakes undergo
a more effective running-in. During running-in, change
speed. By doing this, the components are first "loaded" and
then "relieved" and the engine parts can thus cool down.
Even if it is important to stress the engine components
during running-in, take care not to exceed.
Follow these recommendations:
Do not open the throttle completely if the speed is low,
both during and after running-in.
-
-
for the first 3 hours of operation, never open throttles
more than half their way and never go beyond 8000
rpm,
for the following 12 hours never open throttles more
than 75% of their travel.
NOTE Even after running-in, avoid riding at such rpm as to
have the rpm limiter trip, i.e.:
-
SXV 450 12000 rpm
SXV 550 11500 rpm
RXV 450 11500 rpm
RXV 550 11000 rpm
WARNING
Limiter warning light (not the CPU limiter) is set
in-house to 8000 rpm, see INSTRUMENT PANEL
for its final setting.
2 - 38
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.6.6.
USE
STOPPING
DANGER
If possible, avoid stopping abruptly, slowing
down suddenly and limit braking.
Release the throttle grip, gradually put on the brakes
and at the same time shift down in order to decrease
the speed, see (MOVING OFF AND RIDING).
Once the speed has decreased, before stopping the
vehicle:
Pull the clutch lever in order to prevent the engine from
stalling.
When the vehicle has come to rest:
Select neutral (green warning light " " on).
Release of the clutch lever.
In case of a brief stop, keep at least one brake on.
2 - 39
USE
2.6.7.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
PARKING
It is very important to choose a suitable parking area. Take
care to obey traffic signs and the adhere to recommedations
below.
DANGER
Park the vehicle on firm and flat ground, to
prevent it from falling down. Neither lean the
vehicle against walls, nor lay it on the ground.
Make sure that the vehicle and especially its
red-hot parts do not represent a danger for
persons and children. Do not leave the vehicle
unattended when the engine is on or the key is
inserted into the ignition switch.
DANGER
The fall or excessive inclination of the vehicle
may cause the fuel to flow out of the tank.
The fuel used for internal combustion engines
is extremely inflammable and in particular
conditions it can become explosive.
To park the vehicle:
Choose a suitable parking area.
Stop the vehicle, see (STOPPING).
Set the engine stop switch (1) to position "
".
Turn the key and set the ignition switch (2) to position
" ".
DANGER
Carefully follow instructions given on how to
get on and off the vehicle, see (GETTING ON
AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
Get off the vehicle.
Lock the steering, see (STEERING LOCK) and remove
the key.
Place the vehicle on the stand, see (POSITIONING
THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND).
DANGER
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
2 - 40
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.6.8.
USE
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND
DANGER
Make sure that the parking surface is free of
obstacles, firm and flat.
Carefully read the previous paragraph (PARKING).
Grasp the left grip (1) and place your right hand on the
rear upper part of the vehicle (2).
Press the side stand with your right foot and extend it
completely (3).
Keep it extended and incline the vehicle until the stand
rests on the ground.
Steer the handlebar completely leftwards.
DANGER
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
2 - 41
USE
2.6.9.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT THEFT
WARNING
Do not use any brake lock devices. Failure to
heed this warning can seriously damage the
braking system and lead to an accident
possibly causing serious injuries or death.
NEVER leave the key in the ignition switch and always use
the steering lock.
Park the vehicle in a safe place, possibly in a garage or a
protected place.
When possible, use an additional antitheft device.
Make sure that all documents are in order and the road tax
has been paid.
2 - 42
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.6.10.
USE
TRANSPORT
During transport, the vehicle must be kept in vertical position
and firmly anchored with the first gear engaged in order to
avoid any leak of fuel, oil, coolant.
WARNING
In case of failure, do not tow the vehicle, ask for
assistance.
2 - 43
USE
2.6.11.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
CLEANING
Clean the vehicle frequently if it is used in particular
areas or conditions, such as:
Polluted areas (cities and industrial areas).
Areas characterized by a high percentage of salinity and
humidity (coastlines, hot and humid climates).
Special conditions (use of salt and deicing chemical
products on the roads during the winter).
Avoid leaving deposits of industrial and polluting
powders, tar spots, dead insects, bird droppings, etc. on
the body.
Avoid parking the vehicle under trees, since in some
seasons residues, resins, fruits or leaves fall down,
which contain substances that may damage the paint.
WARNING
Before washing the vehicle, block off the
engine air scoops and mufflers.
DANGER
After the vehicle has been washed, its braking
functions could be temporarily impaired
because of water on the braking surfaces.
Calculate long braking distances to avoid
accidents.
Brake repeatedly to restore normal conditions.
Perform the pre-ride checks, see (PRE-RIDE
CHECKS CHART).
To remove dirt and mud from the painted surfaces use a lowpressure water jet, carefully wet the dirty parts, remove mud
and filth with a soft car sponge impregnated with a lot of
water and shampoo (2 4% parts of shampoo in water).
Then rinse with plenty of water and dry with chamois leather.
To clean the outer parts of the engine use a degreaser,
brushes and wipers.
Any parts in anodized aluminum or any painted parts such
as forks, rims, frame, footpegs, etc. shall be washed only
with water and mild soap. Too much aggressive detergents
can damage the surface treatment of these components.
Too much aggressive detergents can damage the surface
treatment of these components.
WARNING
To clean the lights, use a sponge soaked with
water and a mild detergent. Rub surfaces
delicately and rinse frequently with plenty of
water.
Polish with silicone wax only after the car has
been carefully washed.
Never attempt to polish matte-finished surfaces
with lapping compounds.
Do not wash the vehicle under the sun,
especially during the summer, when the body is
still warm: if the shampoo dries before being
rinsed off, it can damage the paint.
2 - 44
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
Do not use water (or fluids) at a temperature
exceeding 40°C (104°F) to clean the plastic
components of the vehicle.
Do not aim high-pressure water or air jets or
steam jets onto the following components:
wheel hubs, controls on the right and left side
of the handlebar, bearings, brake master
cylinders, instruments and indicators, exhaust
pipes, ignition switch/steering lock. Do not
clean any rubber or plastic parts or the seat
with alcohol or solvents. Clean with water and
mild detergent.
DANGER
Do not apply protection waxes onto the seat to
avoid it from becoming slippery.
2 - 45
USE
2.6.12.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY
WARNING
In case the vehicle is left unridden for more
than twenty days, disconnect the 30 A fuse to
avoid early wear of the battery.
After a long period of inactivity some precautions are
necessary to avoid problems.
Furthermore, it is important to perform the necessary repairs
and a general check up before the period of inactivity, since
you could forget to carry them out later.
Proceed as follows:
Remove the battery, see (REMOVING THE BATTERY)
and (LONG INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY)
Wash and dry the vehicle, see (CLEANING).
Polish the painted surfaces with wax.
Inflate the tires, see (TIRES).
Place the vehicle in an unheated, not-humid room,
away from sunlight, with minimum temperature
variations.
Wrap and tie a plastic bag around the exhaust pipe
opening to keep moisture out.
NOTE Using a suitable support, place the vehicle so that
both tires are raised from the ground.
Cover the vehicle avoiding the use of plastic or
waterproof materials.
2 - 46
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
2.6.13.
USE
AFTER A PERIOD OF INACTIVITY
Uncover and clean the vehicle, see (CLEANING).
NOTE Withdraw the plastic bags from the exhaust tailpipes.
Uncover and clean the vehicle, see (CLEANING).
Check the charge of the battery see (CHARGING THE
BATTERY) and install it, see (INSTALLING THE
BATTERY).
Refill the fuel tank, see (FUEL).
Perform the pre-ride checks, see (PRE-RIDE CHECKS
CHART).
DANGER
Have a test ride at moderate speed in a lowtraffic area.
2 - 47
USE
2.6.14.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
RXV ACCESSORIES
RXV models are delivered together with a set of accessories not installed:
Cooling fan
Safety rubber band for side stand
For the RXV models a series of optional accessories is also available:
Racing headlight fairing (to eliminate the instrument panel)
Connector for racing headlight
Retainer for front brake line
Racing tail light / number plate holder
WARNING
Do not use the vehicle off-road when the homologated number plate holder/tail light is installed.
2 - 48
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
USE
2 - 49
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
MAINTENANCE
3
3-1
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.1.
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION ........................................................................................................ 3
3.1.1.
TECHNICAL DATA ................................................................................................................................ 3
3.1.2.
LUBRICANT TABLE............................................................................................................................... 7
3.1.3.
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART ........................................................................................... 8
3.1.4.
CHECKING THE SWITCHES .............................................................................................................. 14
3.1.5.
BULBS ................................................................................................................................................. 15
3.1.6.
SPARK PLUG ...................................................................................................................................... 17
3.1.7.
FUSES ................................................................................................................................................. 19
3.1.8.
HEADLIGHT BEAM VERTICAL ADJUSTMENT .................................................................................. 21
3.1.9.
DISK BRAKES ..................................................................................................................................... 22
3.1.10.
DRIVE CHAIN ...................................................................................................................................... 25
3.1.11.
SPECIAL TOOLS ................................................................................................................................. 27
3.1.12.
TIGHTENING TORQUE SETTINGS .................................................................................................... 28
3.2.
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE...................................................................................................................... 31
3.2.1.
CHECKING BRAKE FLUID LEVEL AND TOPPING UP ...................................................................... 31
3.2.2.
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP ................................................................. 36
3.2.3.
CHANGING ENGINE OIL AND OIL FILTER........................................................................................ 38
3.2.4.
GEARBOX FLUID ................................................................................................................................ 39
3.2.5.
COOLANT............................................................................................................................................ 41
3.3.
ADJUSTMENTS ............................................................................................................................................ 43
3.3.1.
TENSIONING THE THROTTLE CABLES............................................................................................ 43
3.3.2.
SUSPENSIONS ................................................................................................................................... 44
3.4.
BLEEDING..................................................................................................................................................... 48
3.4.1.
BLEEDING THE FRONT BRAKE SYSTEM......................................................................................... 48
3.4.2.
BLEEDING THE REAR BRAKE SYSTEM ........................................................................................... 50
3.4.3.
SPARK ARRESTOR ............................................................................................................................ 51
3-2
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.1.
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
3.1.1.
TECHNICAL DATA
Aprilia RXV 450 – 550
DIMENSIONS
Max. length
Max. width
Max. height (front fairing included)
Seat height
Wheelbase
Minimum ground clearance
Dry weight
ENGINE
Model (RXV 450)
Model (RXV 550)
Type
2240 mm (88.19 in.)
830 mm (32.68 in.)
1250 mm (49.21 in.)
950 mm (37.40 in)
1485 mm (58.46 in.)
320 mm (12.60 in.)
123 kg (271.12 lb)
Number of cylinders
Total displacement (RXV 450)
Total displacement (RXV 550)
Bore/stroke (RXV 450)
Bore/stroke (RXV 550)
Compression ratio (RXV 450)
Compression ratio (RXV 550)
Starting
Engine idling rpm
Clutch
Lubricating system
Air filter
Cooling system
45RX
55RX
twin-cylinder, 4-stroke with 4 valves per cylinder, single overhead
camshaft
2
449 cu. cm (27.40 cu in).
553 cu. cm (33.75 cu in).
76 mm x 49.5 mm (2.99 in x 1.95 in)
80 mm x 55.0 mm (3.15 in x 2.16 in)
13 ± 0.5
12.5 ± 0.5
electric
1800 ÷ 2000 rpm
Multiplate in oil bath.
Double separate lubrication with external reservoir
with dry filter cartridge
liquid-cooled
gearbox
Type
mechanical, 5 gears with foot control on the left side of the engine
CAPACITIES
Fuel (including reserve)
Fuel reserve
Engine oil
Fork oil
1.98 gal (7.5 l)
(0.58 gal) 2.2 l
1.3 l (0.34 gal)
(3.94 in.) 100 mm of air (per leg, measured without spring and
compressed rod)
(0.29 gal) 1.1 l (50% water + 50% coolant with ethylene glycol)
1
Coolant
Seat
GEAR RATIOS
Ratio
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
DRIVE CHAIN
Type
Primary
22/56 = 1: 2.545
Secondary
12/31 = 1: 2.583
13/25 = 1: 1.923
15/23 = 1: 1.533
19/24 = 1: 1.263
21/22 = 1: 1.047
Final ratio
15/48 = 1: 3.200
Total ratio
1 : 21.042
1 : 15.664
1 : 12.489
1 : 10.288
1 : 8.533
with master link
3-3
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
FUEL SYSTEM
Type
Throttle (RXV 450)
Throttle (RXV 550)
electronic injection
ø 1.49 in. (38 mm)
ø 1.57 in. (40 mm)
FUEL SYSTEM
Fuel
premium grade unleaded gas, min. O.N. 95 (RON) and 85 (MON).
FRAME
Type
Aluminum stanchion and steel tubes trellis
SUSPENSIONS
Front
Travel
Rear
Wheel stroke
telescopic Ø 1.77 in. (45 mm) fork with hydraulic operation
298.5 mm (11.75 in)
swing arm and hydraulic adjustable monoshock
11.81 in. (300 mm) (usable)
BRAKES
Front
Rear
disk brake – Ø 10.63 in. (270 mm), with hydraulic gearbox
disk brake – Ø 9.45 in. (240 mm), with hydraulic gearbox
WHEEL RIMS
Type
Front
Rear
spoke-type
1.60 x 21"
2.15 x 18"
FRONT TIRE
Type
Inflating pressure
90/90 21 54R
100 kPa (1.0 bar)
REAR TIRE
Type
Inflation pressure
140/80 18 70R
110 kPa (1.1 bar)
IGNITION
Type
Digital, electronic
SPARK PLUGS
Standard
Spark plug electrode gap
Resistance
NGK CR8EB
0.028 – 0.031 in. (0.7 – 0.8 mm)
5 kΩ
ELECTRIC SYSTEM
Battery
Auxiliary fuses
Generator (with permanent magnet)
12 V – 6 Ah
5 A, 15 A, 20 A
12 V – 350 W
BULBS
Low beam
High beam
Front parking light
Turn indicators bulb
Number plate light
Rear parking lights/Stoplight
Instrument panel lights
12 V – 55 W
12 V – 60 W
12 V – 3 W
With micro lamps
12 V – 5 W
LED
LED
WARNING LIGHTS
Gear in neutral
Engine oil pressure
Engine control system
Fuel reserve
High beam
Turn indicators
Red line
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
3-4
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
Aprilia SXV 450 – 550
DIMENSIONS
Max. length
Max. width
Max. height (front fairing included)
Seat height
Wheelbase
Minimum ground clearance
Dry weight
ENGINE
Model (SXV 450)
Model (SXV 550)
Type
85.23 in (2165 mm)
32.08 in (815 mm)
46.06 in. (1170 mm)
880 mm (34.64 in.)
57.87 in. (1470 mm)
10.63 in. (270 mm)
275.58 lb (125 kg)
Number of cylinders
Total displacement (SXV 450)
Total displacement (SXV 550)
Bore/stroke (SXV 450)
Bore/stroke (SXV 550)
Compression ratio (SXV 450)
Compression ratio (SXV 550)
Starting
Engine idling rpm
Clutch
Lubricating system
Air filter
Cooling system
45SX
55SX
twin-cylinder, 4-stroke with 4 valves per cylinder, single overhead
camshaft
2
27.40 cu in. (449 cu. cm)
33.75 cu in. (553 cu. cm).
2.99 in x 1.95 in (76 mm x 49.5 mm)
3.15 in. x 2.16 in (80 mm x 55.0 mm)
13±0.5
12.5±0.5
electric
1800 ÷ 2000 rpm
Multiplate in oil bath.
Double separate lubrication with external reservoir
with dry filter cartridge
liquid-cooled
gearbox
Type
mechanical, 5 gears with foot control on the left side of the engine
CAPACITIES
Fuel (including reserve)
Fuel reserve
Engine oil
Fork oil
Coolant
Seat
1.98 gal (7.5 l)
0.58 gal (2.2 l)
0.34 gal (1.3 l)
4.92 in. (125 mm) of air (per leg, measured without spring and
compressed rod)
1.1 l (0.29 gal) (50% water + 50% coolant with ethylene glycol)
1
SXV 450 GEAR RATIOS
Ratio
Primary
1st
22/56 = 1: 2.545
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
Secondary
13/30 = 1: 2.307
15/27 = 1: 1.800
16/23 = 1: 1.437
20/23 = 1: 1.150
21/21 = 1: 1.000
Final ratio
15/46 = 1: 3.067
Total ratio
1 : 18.013
1 : 14.050
1 : 11.221
1 : 8.976
1 : 7.806
SXV 550 GEAR RATIOS
Ratio
Primary
1st
22/56 = 1: 2.545
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
Secondary
13/30 = 1: 2.307
15/27 = 1: 1.800
16/23 = 1: 1.437
20/23 = 1: 1.150
21/21 = 1: 1.000
Final ratio
16/46 = 1: 2.875
Total ratio
1 : 16.888
1 : 13.172
1 : 10.519
1 : 8.415
1 : 7.318
DRIVE CHAIN
Type
endless (with no connection link) with sealed links
3-5
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
FUEL SYSTEM
Type
Throttle (SXV 450)
Throttle (SXV 550)
electronic injection
ø 1.49 in (38 mm)
ø 1.57 in (40 mm)
FUEL SYSTEM
Fuel
premium grade unleaded gas, min. O.N. 95 (RON) and 85 (MON).
FRAME
Type
Aluminum stanchion and steel tubes trellis
SUSPENSIONS
Front
Travel
Rear
Wheel stroke
telescopic Ø 1.89 (48 mm) fork with hydraulic operation
10.83 in. (275 mm)
swing arm and hydraulic adjustable monoshock
9.92 in. (252 mm) (usable)
BRAKES
Front
Rear
disk brake – Ø 12.60 in. (320 mm), with hydraulic gearbox
disk brake – Ø 240 mm (ø 9.45 in), with hydraulic gearbox
WHEEL RIMS
Type
Front
Rear
spoke-type
3.50 x 17"
5.50 x 17"
FRONT TIRE
Type
Inflation pressure
120/70 ZR17 (58W)
180 kPa (1.8 bar)
REAR TIRE
Type
Inflation pressure
180/55 ZR17 (73W)
200 kPa (2.0 bar)
IGNITION
Type
Digital, electronic
SPARK PLUGS
Standard
Spark plug electrode gap
Resistance
NGK CR8EB
0.028 – 0.031 in (0.7 – 0.8 mm)
5 kΩ
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Battery
Auxiliary fuses
Generator (with permanent magnet)
12 V – 6 Ah
5 A, 15 A, 20 A
12 V – 350 W
BULBS
Low beam
High beam
Front parking light
Turn indicators bulb
Number plate light
Rear parking lights/Stoplight
Instrument panel lights
12 V – 55 W
12 V – 60 W
12 V – 3 W
With micro lamps
12 V – 5 W
LED
LED
WARNING LIGHTS
Gear in neutral
Engine oil pressure
Engine control system
Fuel reserve
High beam
Turn indicators
Red line
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
3-6
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.1.2.
LUBRICANT TABLE
SXV 450 - 550
LUBRICANT
Engine oil
PRODUCT
gearbox fluid
RECOMMENDED:
Front fork fluid
FORK 10W or mix of oils in such percentage so
RECOMMENDED:
as to obtain a SAE 10 W oil.
Bearings and other
lubrication points
MP GREASE
RECOMMENDED:
As an alternative to recommended grease, use top brand rolling bearing
grease that will resist a temperature range of -22 °F to +284°F (-30°C to
+140°C), with dripping point 302°F to 446°F (150°C to 230 °C), high
corrosion protection, good resistance to water and oxidisation.
Battery terminals
Use neutral grease or Vaseline.
Brake fluid
BRAKE FLUID DOT 4 PLUS
RECOMMENDED:
As an alternative to recommended fluid, top brand fluids meeting or
exceeding SAE J1703, NHTSA 116 DOT 4, ISO 4925 Synthetic fluid
specifications can be used.
RACING 4T 10W-60. Use top brand oils meeting or exceeding
CCMC G-4, A.P.I. SG. SAE 10W-60 specifications
GEAR SINTH 75W-90
NOTE Use new brake fluid only. Do not mix different makes or types of oil
without having checked bases compatibility.
Engine coolant
ANTIFREEZE PLUS
RXV 450 - 550
LUBRICANT
Engine oil
PRODUCT
gearbox fluid
RECOMMENDED:
Front fork fluid
FORK 7,5W or mix of oils in such percentage so
RECOMMENDED:
as to obtain a SAE 7.5 W oil.
Bearings and other
lubrication points
MP GREASE
RECOMMENDED:
As an alternative to recommended grease, use top brand rolling bearing
grease that will resist a temperature range of -22 °F to +284°F ( -30°C to
+140°C), with dripping point 302°F to 446°F (150°C to 230 °C), high
corrosion protection, good resistance to water and oxidisation.
Battery terminals
Use neutral grease or Vaseline.
Brake fluid
RECOMMENDED:
BRAKE FLUID DOT 4 PLUS
As an alternative to recommended fluid, top brand fluids meeting or
exceeding SAE J1703, NHTSA 116 DOT 4, ISO 4925 Synthetic fluid
specifications can be used.
RACING 4T 10W-60. Use top brand oils meeting or exceeding
CCMC G-4, A.P.I. SG. SAE 10W-60 specifications
GEAR SINTH 75W-90
NOTE Use new brake fluid only. Do not mix different makes or types of oil
without having checked bases compatibility.
Engine coolant
ANTIFREEZE PLUS
3-7
MAINTENANCE
3.1.3.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART - For vehicles in homologated version (OFF HIGHWAY)
WARNING
Have the indicated operations performed by an Aprilia Dealer or Authorized Service Center or the
warranty will become null and void.
WARNING
Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy or dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or
when the vehicle is used in competitions.
Parts
Check throttle unit screws tightening
Balance throttle body
Check air filter and clean air box
Check fuel line condition and positioning
Check idle speed
Replace paper air filter
Change gearbox fluid
Check complete gearbox for wear
Check spring of overpressure and check valve
Check cylinder barrel for wear
Check con-rod and main bearings for wear
Check starting gears for wear
Check clutch spring length
Check clutch plates for wear
Check and adjust clutch cable
Check coolant level in radiator and expansion
tank
Check system for sealing
Check oil pump gears
Change engine oil and engine oil filter
Clean head lubrication jets
Check oil lines condition and position
Replace pistons and piston rings
Check piston gudgeon pin
Change spark plugs
Check rocker arm rollers radial play
Check valve lift
Check camshafts for wear
Check camshaft bearings
Check valve seats for sealing
Check valves for wear
Check and adjust valve clearance
Check valve guides for wear
Check spring washers, caps and buckets for wear
Check chain tensioner teeth for wear
Check valve spring length
Measure drive chain stretch
Check drive chain slider for wear
Adjust throttle cables
Adjust cold start button
Change brake fluid
Check brake fluid level
Check brake lines condition and sealing
3-8
After runningEvery
Every
Every
in (311 km)
1864 mi (3000 3728 mi (6000 5592 mi (9000
(500 km))
km)
km)
km)
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Every year
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
Parts
Check brake system screws tightening
Check Spark arrestor
Check thickness of brake disks
Check pad thickness
Treat electric contacts and switches with suitable
spray
Grease battery connections
Light operation/direction
Check electric system operation
Check exhaust system sealing and positioning
Check tire condition and pressure
Check wheel bearings play
Check spokes tension and rim flatness
Check wheel shafts screws and nut for tightening
Check fuel pump
Check engine retaining bolts tightening
Check chassis screws and nuts for tightening
Fork complete maintenance
Clean fork dust seals
Bleed fork legs
Change fork oil
Check fork sealing and operation
Check screws of fork plates and wheel shaft pinch
bolts for tightening
Shock absorber complete maintenance
Check shock absorber shafts for tightening
Check shock absorber for sealing and operation
Check con-rod bearings play
Check steering bearings play
Clean headstock dust seal
Check chain guide slider for wear
Check chain guide for wear
Check chain tensioner roller for wear
Check chain tensioner slider for wear
Tension drive chain
Check chain joint (RXV), sealed link (SXV), front
and rear sprocket and chain guide for wear
Lubricate steering bearings
Lubricate clutch lever pin
Lubricate throttle cables
Lubricate rider footrest pins
Lubricate drive chain
Lubricate rear suspension lever systems
Lubricate side stand pin
Lubricate front wheel shaft and bearings
Lubricate swing arm shaft
Lubricate rear wheel shaft and bearings
Notes:
-
After runningEvery
Every
Every
in 311 mi
1864 mi (3000 3728 mi (6000 9000 mi (5592
(500 km)
km)
km)
mi)
■
■
-
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-
-
-
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-C
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-
-
Any maintenance performed by the Aprilia specialized service center is not a substitute for the daily checks made by
the rider!
If any wear exceeds than the tolerance values, or deformation or damages are found after a check, all involved parts
must be replaced
Clean the vehicle thoroughly before performing any operation
Using the vehicle on sandy or dusty grounds or in extreme conditions could result in wear of some components
before the scheduled check operation.
3-9
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART - For vehicles in open version for sport use (hobby purposes)
WARNING
Have the indicated operations performed by an Aprilia Dealer or Authorized Service Center or the
warranty will become null and void.
WARNING
Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy or dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or
when the vehicle is used in competitions.
Parts
Check throttle unit screws tightening
Balance throttle body
Check air filter and clean air box
Check fuel line condition and positioning
Check idle speed
Replace paper air filter
Change gearbox fluid
Check complete gearbox for wear
Check overpressure spring and check valve
Check cylinder barrel for wear
Check con-rod and main bearings for wear
Check starting gears for wear
Check clutch spring length
Check clutch plates for wear
Check and adjust clutch cable
Check coolant level in radiator and expansion
tank
Check system for sealing
Check oil pump gears
Change engine oil and engine oil filter
Clean head lubrication jets
Check oil lines condition and position
Replace pistons and piston rings
Check piston gudgeon pin
Change spark plugs
Check rocker arm rollers radial play
Check valve lift
Check camshafts for wear
Check camshaft bearings
Check valve seats for sealing
Check valves for wear
Check and adjust valve clearance
Check valve guides for wear
Check spring washers, caps and buckets for wear
Check chain tensioner teeth for wear
Check valve spring length
Measure drive chain stretch
Check drive chain slider for wear
Adjust throttle cables
Adjust cold start button
Change brake fluid
Check brake fluid level
Check brake lines condition and sealing
3 - 10
After runningin 3h of use
Every 15h of
use
Every 60h of
use
Every 90h of
use
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-
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■
■
■
-
-
Every year
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
Parts
Check brake system screws tightening
Check Spark arrestor
Check thickness of brake disks
Check pad thickness
Treat electric contacts and switches with suitable
spray
Grease battery connections
Light operation/direction
Check electric system operation
Check exhaust system sealing and positioning
Check tire condition and pressure
Check wheel bearings play
Check spokes tension and rim flatness
Check wheel shafts screws and nut for tightening
Check fuel pump
Check engine retaining bolts tightening
Check chassis screws and nuts for tightening
Fork complete maintenance
Clean fork dust seals
Bleed fork legs
Change fork oil
Check fork sealing and operation
Check screws of fork plates and wheel shaft pinch
bolts for tightening
Shock absorber complete maintenance
Check shock absorber shafts for tightening
Check shock absorber for sealing and operation
Check con-rod bearings play
Check steering bearings play
Clean headstock dust seal
Check chain guide slider for wear
Check chain guide for wear
Check chain tensioner roller for wear
Check chain tensioner slider for wear
Tension drive chain
Check chain joint (RXV), sealed link (SXV), front
and rear sprocket and chain guide for wear
Lubricate steering bearings
Lubricate clutch lever pin
Lubricate throttle cables
Lubricate rider footrest pins
Lubricate drive chain
Lubricate rear suspension lever systems
Lubricate side stand pin
Lubricate front wheel shaft and bearings
Lubricate swing arm shaft
Lubricate rear wheel shaft and bearings
After runningin 3h of use
Every 15h of
use
Every 60h of
use
Every 90h of
use
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-
-
-
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-
-
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■
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■
■
■
■
-
-
Notes:
-
Any maintenance performed by the Aprilia specialized service center will not replace the daily checks made by the
rider!
If any wear exceeds than the tolerance values, or deformation or damages are found after a check, all involved parts
must be replaced
Clean the vehicle thoroughly before performing any operation
Using the vehicle on sandy or dusty grounds or in extreme conditions could result in wear of some components
before the scheduled check operation.
3 - 11
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART - For vehicles in open version for sport use (competitive purposes)
WARNING
Have the indicated operations performed by an aprilia Dealer or authorized service center or the
warranty will become null and void.
WARNING
Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy or dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or
when the vehicle is used in competitions.
Parts
Check throttle unit screws tightening
Balance throttle body
Check air filter and clean air box
Check fuel line condition and positioning
Check idle speed
Replace paper air filter
Change gearbox fluid
Check complete gearbox for wear
Check overpressure spring and check valve
Check cylinder barrel for wear
Check con-rod and main bearings for wear
Check starting gears for wear
Check clutch spring length
Check clutch plates for wear
Check and adjust clutch cable
Check coolant level in radiator and expansion
tank
Check system for sealing
Check oil pump gears
Change engine oil and engine oil filter
Clean head lubrication jets
Check oil lines condition and position
Replace pistons and piston rings
Check piston gudgeon pin
Change spark plugs
Check rocker arm rollers radial play
Check valve lift
Check camshafts for wear
Check camshaft bearings
Check valve seats for sealing
Check valves for wear
Check and adjust valve clearance
Check valve guides for wear
Check spring washers, caps and buckets for wear
Check chain tensioner teeth for wear
Check valve spring length
Measure drive chain stretch
Check drive chain slider for wear
Adjust throttle cables
Adjust cold start button
Change brake fluid
Check brake fluid level
Check brake lines condition and sealing
Check brake system screws tightening
Check spark arrestor
Check thickness of brake disks
3 - 12
After runningin 3h of use
Every 15h of
use
Every 30h of
use
Every 45h of
use
■
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■
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-
-
Every year
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
Parts
Check pad thickness
Treat electric contacts and switches with suitable
spray
Grease battery connections
Light operation/direction
Check electric system operation
Check exhaust system sealing and positioning
Check tire condition and pressure
Check wheel bearings play
Check spokes tension and rim flatness
Check wheel shafts screws and nut for tightening
Check fuel pump
Check engine retaining bolts tightening
Check chassis screws and nuts for tightening
Fork complete maintenance
Clean fork dust seals
Bleed fork legs
Change fork oil
Check fork sealing and operation
Check screws of fork plates and wheel shaft pinch
bolts for tightening
Shock absorber complete maintenance
Check shock absorber shafts for tightening
Check shock absorber for sealing and operation
Check con-rod bearings play
Check steering bearings play
Clean headstock dust seal
Check chain guide slider for wear
Check chain guide for wear
Check chain tensioner roller for wear
Check chain tensioner slider for wear
Tension drive chain
Check chain joint (RXV), sealed link (SXV), front
and rear sprocket and chain guide for wear
Lubricate steering bearings
Lubricate clutch lever pin
Lubricate throttle cables
Lubricate rider footrest pins
Lubricate drive chain
Lubricate rear suspension lever systems
Lubricate side stand pin
Lubricate front wheel shaft and bearings
Lubricate swing arm shaft
Lubricate rear wheel shaft and bearings
After runningin 3h of use
Every 15h of
use
Every 30h of
use
Every 45h of
use
-
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-
-
-
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-
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-
-
Notes:
WARNING
If the vehicle is used for competitive purposes, the 15h servicing must be performed after each race.
-
Any maintenance performed by the aprilia specialized service center must not replace the daily checks made by the
rider!
If any wear exceeds than the tolerance values, or deformation or damages are found after a check, all involved parts
must be replaced
Clean the vehicle thoroughly before performing any operation
Using the vehicle on sandy or dusty grounds or in extreme conditions could result in wear of some components
before the scheduled check operation.
ONLY for RXV model: if the vehicle is mainly used for off-road purposes, perform every 30 hours of use any
maintenance operation indicated in the 45h column.
3 - 13
MAINTENANCE
3.1.4.
CHECKING THE SWITCHES
Carefully read (MAINTENANCE).
The vehicle is provided with two switches:
Stop light switch (1) on rear brake lever.
Stop light switch (2) on front brake lever.
For the check, proceed as follows:
•
Make sure that there are no dirt or mud deposits on the
switch; the pin must be able to move without
interference, returning automatically to its initial
position.
•
Make sure that the cables are connected correctly.
•
Check the spring: it must not be damaged, worn or
weakened.
3 - 14
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.1.5.
MAINTENANCE
BULBS
Carefully read (MAINTENANCE).
DANGER
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances
away from the electrical components.
WARNING
Before proceeding to change a bulb, set the
ignition switch to “ ” and allow some time for
the bulb to cool down.
Change the bulb wearing clean gloves or using
a clean and dry cloth.
Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb, since
these may cause its overheating and
consequent breakage.
If you touch the bulb with bare hands, remove
any fingerprint with alcohol, in order to avoid
any damage.
DO NOT FORCE THE ELECTRIC CABLES.
NOTE Before changing a bulb, check the fuses, see
(CHANGING THE FUSES).
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULB
The headlight contains:
One parking light bulb (1).
One low beam bulb/high beam (2)
To change the bulbs:
•
Place the vehicle on the stand, see (POSITIONING
THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND).
DANGER
Handle the plastic components with care to
avoid scraping or damaging them.
PARKING LIGHT BULB (1)
DANGER
To extract the bulb holder, do not pull the
electric wires.
•
•
Grab the bulb holder, pull it and release it of its seat.
Remove the parking light bulb and fit a new bulb of
equal rating.
3 - 15
MAINTENANCE
LOW BEAM/HIGH BEAM BULB (2)
DANGER
To extract the bulb electric connector, do not
pull its electric wires.
•
•
•
•
Grasp the bulb electric connector (3), pull it and
disconnect it from the bulb holder.
Withdraw the protection element (4) from reflector seat
and from lamp terminals.
Release the two ends of the clip (5) from the bulb
holder.
Extract the bulb from its seat.
When reassembling:
NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb holder, making the relevant
positioning seats coincide.
•
•
•
Correctly install a new bulb of the same type.
Correctly refit the protection element (4) into lamp
terminals and reflector seat.
Connect bulb connector (3).
3 - 16
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.1.6.
MAINTENANCE
SPARK PLUG
Carefully read (MAINTENANCE).
NOTE Halve indicated maintenance intervals if the vehicle is
used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven surfaces, or in
competitions.
WARNING
Check, clean or replace both spark plugs, one
by one.
Periodically remove the spark plugs and clean them
carefully, removing any carbon deposits; change them if
necessary.
WARNING
Always change both spark plugs together, even
when only one needs replacing.
In order to gain access to the spark plugs:
DANGER
Before carrying out the following operations, let
the engine and the silencer cool down until they
reach ambient temperature to avoid burns.
•
Position the vehicle on the stand.
NOTE The vehicle fits one spark plug (2) per cylinder. The
information provided below applies to both spark plugs.
•
•
•
Remove the cap (1) of the spark plug (2).
Remove any trace of dirt from the spark plug base (2).
Fit the wrench supplied with the tool kit into spark plug
(2) hexagonal flat
Unscrew the spark plug (2) and extract it from its seat,
taking care to prevent dust or other substances from
getting inside the cylinder.
•
For the check and cleaning:
WARNING
This vehicle is fitted with spark plugs with
platinum electrodes.
Do not clean the spark plugs with a wire brush
and/or abrasive products, use compressed air
only.
Key:
•
center electrode (3);
insulating (4);
side electrode (5).
Make sure that there are neither carbon deposits, nor
corrosion marks on the electrodes and on the
insulating material of spark plug (2); if necessary, blow
with compressed air to clean them.
If the spark plug (2) has cracking on the insulating material,
corroded electrodes, excessive deposits or the tip (6) of the
central electrode is rounded, it must be changed.
3 - 17
MAINTENANCE
WARNING
When changing the spark plug (2), check the
thread pitch and length.
If the threaded part is too short, the carbon
deposits will accumulate on the thread seat,
and therefore the engine may be damaged
during the installation of the right spark plug.
Use the recommended type of spark plugs only,
see (TECHNICAL DATA), in order to avoid
compromising the life and performance of the
engine.
Electrode gap should be checked using a wire
gauge to avoid damaging the platinum coating.
•
Check electrode gap with a wire gauge.
WARNING
Never attempt to adjust electrode gap.
Electrode gap should be 0.7 - 0.8 mm (0.027 - 0.031 in.);
change spark plug (2) if reference value is not respected.
•
Make sure that the washer is in good condition.
For the installation:
•
Position the washer and screw in the spark plug (2) by
hand in order not to damage the thread.
•
Tighten the spark plug (2) with the wrench included in
the tool kit, making half a turn to compress the washer.
Spark plug (2) tightening torque: 12 Nm (1.2 kgm).
WARNING
The spark plug (2) must be well tightened,
otherwise the engine may overheat and be
seriously damaged.
•
Position the spark plug (2) cap (1) properly to prevent it
from coming off due to engine vibration.
NOTE Repeat operations on spark plug (2) on the other
cylinder.
3 - 18
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.1.7.
MAINTENANCE
FUSES
CHANGING THE FUSES
Carefully read (MAINTENANCE).
WARNING
Do not repair faulty fuses.
Never
use
fuses
different
from
the
recommended ones.
The use of unsuitable fuses may cause
damages to the electric system or, in case of
short circuit, even a fire.
NOTE If a fuse blows frequently, there probably is a short
circuit or an overload in the electric system. In this instance,
contact an aprilia Authorized Dealer.
Check the fuses if an electric component does not work or
works irregularly, or if the vehicle fails to start.
Check the auxiliary fuses first and then the 30A main fuse.
Check as follows:
•
Turn the ignition switch to position “ ”, to avoid any
accidental short circuit.
•
Remove the right side panel, loosen the two screws (1)
and slide it off its seat.
•
Lift the cover (2) of the auxiliary fuse box.
•
Extract the fuses one by one and check if the filament
(3) is broken.
Before replacing a fuse, try to find out the cause of the
problem, if possible.
Replace the damaged fuse with a new one having the
same amperage.
•
•
NOTE If you use one of the spare fuses, put a new fuse in
the proper seat.
•
•
Remove the left side panel, as described for the right
side panel.
Repeat the above operations for the main fuses.
3 - 19
MAINTENANCE
LAYOUT OF AUXILIARY FUSES
15A Fuse:
1 - Control unit relay energizing
2 - Parking lights, turn indicators, horn, instrument panel,
stop light
7.5A Fuse:
3 - Headlights
4 - Control unit relay power
5 - Injector coils
6 - Electric fan
5A Fuse:
7 - Fuel pump
NOTE There are three spare fuses (8).
LAYOUT OF MAIN FUSES
30A Fuse:
Battery charge (one fuse only, the second one is spare).
3 - 20
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.1.8.
MAINTENANCE
HEADLIGHT BEAM VERTICAL ADJUSTMENT
NOTE To check the direction of the headlight beam, specific
procedures must be adopted, in accordance with the
regulations in force in the country where the vehicle is used.
To make a quick check that the beam points in the correct
direction,
•
place the vehicle on flat ground, 10 m away from a
wall.
•
Turn on the low beam, sit on the vehicle and make
sure that the beam projected on the wall is slightly
under the horizontal line of the headlight (about 9/10th
of the total height).
To adjust the headlight beam:
•
Turn screw (1) using a screwdriver.
-
TIGHTEN (clockwise) to raise the beam;
SLACKEN (counter-clockwise) to lower the beam.
After the adjustment:
DANGER
Make sure that the vertical adjustment of the
headlight beam is correct.
3 - 21
MAINTENANCE
3.1.9.
DISK BRAKES
DANGER
The brakes are the parts that most ensure your
safety and for this reason they must always be
perfectly working; check them before every trip.
A dirty disk will soil the pads, leading to loss of
braking efficiency.
Dirty pads must be replaced, while dirty disks
must be cleaned with a high-quality degreaser.
The brake fluid must be changed every year by
an aprilia Authorized dealer.
Use brake fluid of the type specified in the
lubricant chart, see (LUBRICANT TABLE).
NOTE This vehicle is provided with disk brakes with two front and rear- braking systems having separate hydraulic
circuits.
The front braking system is with single disk (left side).
The rear brake uses a single disk (right side).
The following information refers to a single braking system,
but is valid for both.
When the disk pads wear out, the level of the fluid inside
tank (1 – 2) decreases to automatically compensate for their
wear.
The front brake fluid reservoir (1) is mounted near the front
brake lever mount.
The rear brake fluid reservoir (2) is built in the master
cylinder fixed to the frame, on the right, next to the swing
arm.
NOTE Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy
or dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or when the
vehicle is used in competitions.
Before departure, check the brake fluid level in the reservoirs
(1 – 2), see (CHECKING BRAKE FLUID LEVEL) and the
wear of the pads, see (CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD
WEAR).
WARNING
Never use your vehicle if any portion of either brake
system is leaking.
WARNING
Do not add any additives or other substances to the
brake fluid.
3 - 22
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
After servicing the brakes, always check that they
are working properly. If the stroke of the lever is
excessive, or if you detect that the effectiveness of
the brakes is reduced in any way, have your
vehicle serviced by your Local aprilia Dealer. It may
be necessary to have your dealer bleed the
system, or there may be some other problem with
the brake system. Never ride your vehicle in traffic
immediately after servicing the brakes. Always
apply the brake lever several times before riding
your vehicle. Then, try your vehicle in a parking lot
or other safe area with little traffic to ensure that the
brakes are working properly. Failure to observe this
warning can lead to a serious accident with
subsequent serious injury or death.
CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR
NOTE Carry out these checks only on a firm, flat surface
such as a concrete garage floor
NOTE If the reservoir is dirty, wipe it with a clean cloth so
that you can see the “MIN” and “MAX” marks.
Carefully read paragraphs (BRAKE diskS), (CHECKING
BRAKE FLUID LEVEL) and (MAINTENANCE).
NOTE The following information refer to a single braking
system,
but
are
valid
for
both.
Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy or dusty
conditions, on rough road surfaces or when the vehicle is
used in competitions.
The wear of the disk brake pads depends on the use, on the
riding style and on the road.
WARNING
Wear increases if the vehicle is used in rainy or
dusty areas, or off road.
DANGER
Check the wear of the brake pads, especially
before every trip.
To carry out a quick check of the wear of the pads,
proceed as follows:
•
Place the vehicle on the stand, see (POSITIONING
THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND).
CAUTION
When the disk pads wear out, the level of the fluid
decreases progressively to compensate for their
wear.
SXV
Checking the front brake caliper pads:
NOTE The front brake caliper has four brake pads.
•
-
Carry out a visual check between the brake caliper and
the pads, proceeding:
from above, on the rear end;
3 - 23
MAINTENANCE
Checking the rear brake caliper pads:
NOTE The rear brake caliper has two brake pads.
•
-
Carry out a visual check between the brake caliper and
the pads, proceeding:
from above, on the rear end;
RXV
Checking the front brake caliper pads:
NOTE The front brake caliper has two brake pads.
•
-
Carry out a visual check between the brake caliper and
the pads, proceeding:
from above, on the front end;
Checking the rear brake caliper pads:
NOTE The rear brake caliper is the same as the one fitted to
the SXV version; proceed as described in the paragraph
about SXV version.
DANGER
Excessive wear of the friction material causes
the contact of the pad metal support with the
disk, resulting in metallic noise and production
of sparks from the caliper; this negatively
affects braking efficiency, safety and integrity
of the disk.
If the thickness of the friction material -even of one pad onlyhas reduced to about 0.06 in (1.5 mm) (or even if only one of
the wear indicators is not visible any longer) change both
pads.
DANGER
Have it changed by an aprilia Authorized
Dealer.
3 - 24
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.1.10.
MAINTENANCE
DRIVE CHAIN
Carefully read (MAINTENANCE).
SXV fits an endless chain, while RXV fits a chain with master
link.
DANGER
An excessive slackening of the chain may make
the chain detach from the sprocket, resulting in
an accident or vehicle serious damage.
Periodically check the slack and adjust it if
necessary, see (CHAIN SLACK ADJUSTMENT).
To change the chain, contact an aprilia
Authorized Dealer, who will ensure you prompt
and accurate servicing.
DANGER
Incorrect maintenance may cause the untimely
wear of the chain and/or damages to the front
sprocket and/or the rear sprocket.
Carry out the maintenance operations more
frequently if you use the vehicle in difficult
conditions or on dusty and/or muddy roads.
CHECKING THE SLACK
•
To check the slack, proceed as follows:
•
Stop the engine.
•
Position the vehicle on the stand.
•
Position the gear shift lever in neutral.
•
Check chain slack by measuring the vertical movement
of the chain lower section, midway between the
sprockets. Movement should be approximately
0.79 -0.98 in. (20 / 25 mm).
•
Move the motorcycle forward, in such a way as to
check the vertical oscillation of the chain even in other
positions; the slack must be constant in all the wheel
rotation phases.
DANGER
If in some positions the slack is higher than in
others, this means that there are crushed or
seized links; in this case, contact an aprilia
Authorized Dealer. To prevent the risk of
seizures, lubricate the chain frequently, see
(CLEANING AND LUBRICATION).
If the slack is the same in all positions, but higher or lower
than 20 - 25 mm (0.79 - 0.98 in), adjust it, see (CHAIN
SLACK ADJUSTMENT).
CHAIN SLACK ADJUSTMENT
If the chain needs adjusting after the inspection, proceed as
follows:
•
Position the vehicle on the stand.
•
Loosen the nut (1) completely.
NOTE Wheel centering is aided by fixed reference marks (2 3) located inside the seats of the chain sliders/tensioners
fitted to the swing arm before the wheel shaft.
•
•
•
Loosen the two lock nuts (4).
Work the adjusters (5) and adjust chain slack, making
sure to use the same reference mark settings (2-3) on
both sides of the vehicle.
Tighten the two lock nuts (4).
3 - 25
MAINTENANCE
•
Tighten the nut (1).
Wheel nut (1) tightening torque:
127 Nm (12.7 kgm)
•
Check chain slack, see (CHECKING THE SLACK).
CHECKING CHAIN AND SPROCKETS FOR WEAR
Also check the chain and sprockets and make sure that they
do not present:
-
damaged rollers;
loose pins;
dry, rusty, crushed or seized links;
excessive wear;
missing O-rings;
sprocket or teeth excessively worn or damaged.
DANGER
If the chain rollers are damaged, the pins are
loose and/or the O-rings are damaged or
missing, it is necessary to change the whole
chain unit (both sprockets and chain).
•
Check the chain guide sliding shoe (6) and stretcher
(7) for wear.
•
Finally, check the wear of the swing arm protection
shoe.
DANGER
Lubricate the chain frequently, especially if
there are dry or rusty parts.
The crushed or seized links must be lubricated
and made work again.
If this is not possible, contact an aprilia
Authorized Dealer, who will provide for
changing the chain.
CLEANING AND LUBRICATION
DANGER
Carry out the adjustment, lubrication, cleaning
and change of the chain with great care.
Lubricate the chain whenever necessary.
Lubricate the chain with aerosol grease suitable for chains,
see (LUBRICANT TABLE).
Never wash the chain with water jets, steam jets, highpressure water jets and highly inflammable solvents.
3 - 26
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.1.11.
MAINTENANCE
SPECIAL TOOLS
Pos.
Description
Part number
1
Tool for fitting fork oil seal Ø 1.77 in. (45 mm) RXV
9100903
2
Tool for fitting fork oil seal Ø 1.89 in.(48 mm) SXV
9100904
3
swing arm cages punch
9100898
4
Punch for left casing desmo + wheel hub
9100892
5
Punch for swing arm levers at cases
9100900
3 - 27
MAINTENANCE
3.1.12.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
TIGHTENING TORQUE SETTINGS
DESCRIPTION
SCREW /
NUT
TIGHTENING
TORQUE
SETTINGS
NOTES
Nm (LbFt))
HANDLEBAR AND CONTROLS
Screw securing clutch control to handlebar
M6
10 (7.4)
Throttle control screw
M6
4 (3.0)
Ignition switch screw
M8
24 (17.7)
Footrest support bracket screw
Footrest support bracket screw
FOOTRESTS
M12
M8
CHASSIS
Screw securing linkage to mudguard at front end
M6
Screw securing linkage to mudguard at rear end
M6
Screw securing mudguard to bottom yoke
M6
Conveyors screw
M6
Side body panels screw
M6
Front screw securing tail end to subframe
M6
Central nut securing tail end – mudguard – subframe
M6
Rear screw securing tail end to subframe
M6
Screw securing tail end to mudguard
M6
Top screw securing under-tail end to number plate
M5
holder
Bottom screw securing under-tail end to number plate
M5
holder
Screw securing under-tail end – mudguard – starter
M6
contactor ext.
Shock absorber guard screw
M5
Screw securing headlight fairing to instrument support
M5
Instrument support screw
M5
Under-tail end lower screw
M6
Tail light screw
Turn indicators nut
Digital instrument nut
Headlight screw
55 (40.6)
25 (18.4)
loctite 243
loctite 243
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
7 (5.2)
7 (5.2)
12 (8.9)
6 (4.4)
6 (4.4)
6 (4.4)
12 (8.9)
LIGHTS AND INSTRUMENT PANEL
3.9
2 (1.5)
M8
6 (4.4)
M5
6 (4.4)
M6
6 (4.4)
TANKS
Screw securing plate to fuel tank
Screw securing fuel tank to frame
Screw securing pump body to fuel tank
Oil tank nut
M6
M6
M6
M6
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
10 (7.4)
5 (3.7)
M10
M8
M5
M5
49 (36.1)
22 (16.2)
4.4 (3.25)
4.4 (3.25)
M8
M10
22 (16.2)
34 (25.1)
FRAME
Subframe screw
Upper chain roller screw
Lower slider rear screw
Lower slider front screw
STAND
Stand plate screw
Side stand nut
3 - 28
loctite 243
loctite 243
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
DESCRIPTION
SCREW
/ NUT
TIGHTENIN
G TORQUE
SETTINGS
NOTES
Nm
Screw securing silencer to subframe
Exhaust pipes nut
Screw securing tubes to head
Screw securing brake to handlebar
EXHAUST SYSTEM
M8
M6
M6
M6
22 (16.2)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
10 (7.4)
Radiators upper screw
Radiators lower screw
COOLING SYSTEM
M6
M6
5 (3.7)
12 (8.9)
FRONT BRAKE
M8
M10
25 (18.4)
50 (36.9)
REAR BRAKE
M6
M8
10 (7.4)
25 (18.4)
Wheel shaft cap
FRONT WHEEL
M22
60 (44.3)
Wheel shaft nut
REAR WHEEL
M25
127 (93.7)
Front brake caliper screw - RXV 450/550
Front brake caliper screw - SXV 450/550
Rear brake master cylinder screw
Brake pedal screw
FRONT SUSPENSION
M8
M8
M6
M8
M8
M26
M30
M10
M6
24 (17.7)
22 (16.2)
10 (7.4)
22 (16.2)
24 (17.7)
108 (79.7)
7 (5.2)
32 (23.6)
12 (8.9)
REAR SUSPENSION
M12
M12
M12
M10
80 (59.0)
80 (59.0)
80 (59.0)
52 (38.3)
swing arm
Chain guide nut
M6
Nut securing swing arm shaft
M14
Chain stretcher adjuster nut
M8
Screw securing chain slider and tube guides to rear brake
4.8
Rear chain guard screw
4.8
Chain guide screw
M6
12 (8.9)
100 (73.8)
26 (19.2)
4.4 (3.25)
4.4 (3.25)
12 (8.9)
ENGINE
Nut securing engine to frame
M10
Screw securing throttle body to head
M6
Screw securing control unit to plate
M4
Screw securing voltage regulator and control unit to frame
M6
Coil screw
M6
Screw securing sprocket cover and chain guide plate
M6
Engine oil drain cap
M12x1.5
Gearbox fluid drain cap
M10X1.5
54 (39.8)
12 (8.9)
4.4 (3.25)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
18 (13.3)
18 (13.3)
Steering head screw
Bottom yoke screw
Wheel shaft pinch bolt - RXV 450/550
Wheel shaft pinch bolt - SXV 450/550
Handlebar upper clamps screw
Steering shaft nut
Steering shaft ring nut
Handlebar lower clamp nut
Leg guard screw
Nut securing frame to linkage
Nut securing linkage to rocker
Nut securing rocker to swing arm
Shock absorber nut
loctite 243
loctite 243
loctite 243
3 - 29
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
DESCRIPTION
SCREW /
NUT
TIGHTENING
TORQUE
SETTINGS
NOTES
Nm
ENGINE
M56x1.5
M30x2
M10X1.25
M6x1
M7x1
M6x1
M6x1
M6x1
M6x1
M6x1
M6x1
M5x0.8
M5x0.8
M6x1
M6x1
M6x1
M6x1
M12x1
M14x1
M6x1
M6x1
M6x1
M6x1
M5x0.8
M5x0.8
M6x1
25 (18.4)
30 (22.1)
12 (8.9)
9.8 (7.23)
12 (8.9)
9.8 (7.23)
9.8 (7.23)
9.8 (7.23)
9.8 (7.23)
13 (9.6)
9.8 (7.23)
8 (5.9)
8 (5.9)
9.8 (7.23)
10 (7.4)
10 (7.4)
9.8 (7.23)
18 (13.3)
98 (72.3)
9.8 (7.23)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
8 (5.9)
6 (4.4)
12 (8.9)
Head bolt (pre-torque)
M10X1.25
30 (22.1)
Head bolt
Head bolt
Timing gear nut
Timing compartment cover screw
Primary sprocket nut
Gear selector stop plate screw
Oil collector plate screw
Gear selector shaft stop screw
Gear ratchet rotation screw
Selector shaft
Clutch hub nut
Clutch spring screw
Pressure reducing valve
Feed pump retaining screw
Scavenge pump retaining screw
Head lubricating nozzle
Valve lift block screw
Water union plate screw
Crankshaft stop screw
Freewheel outer ring screws
Throttle body screws
Camshaft gear retaining screw
M10X1.25
M6x1
M12x1
M5x0.8
M18x1.25
M6x1
M6x1
M10X1.25
M6x1
M8x1.25
M18x1.25
M6x1
M14x1.5
M6x1
M6x1
M7x1
M5x0.8
M5x0.8
M8x1.25
M6x1
M6x1
M16x1
50 (36.9)
12 (8.9)
50 (36.9)
6 (4.4)
160 (118.1)
12 (8.9)
12 (8.9)
25 (18.4)
12 (8.9)
22 (16.2)
75 (55.3)
12 (8.9)
20 (14.7)
9.8 (7.23)
9.8 (7.23)
2.5 (1.84)
9 (6.6)
9 (6.6)
22 (16.2)
13 (9.6)
13 (9.6)
35 (25.8)
Oil filter cover
Piston mounting hole plug
Spark plug
Gearbox fluid check screw
Water pump impeller
Head cover screw
Water pump cover screw
Clutch cover screw
Right casing cover screw
Casing jointing bolt
Ignition cover screw
Pick-up screw
Stator fixing screw
Chain stretcher sliding shoe screw
Timing chain stretcher screw
Cable guide ring screw
Oil lines mounting plate screw
Blow-by breather union
Flywheel nut
Starter motor screw
Chain guide plate screw
Screw securing primary shaft bearing
Screw securing lay shaft bearing
Desmo bearing screw
Gear indicator screw
Gear change pedal screw
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Screw securing solenoid starter and fuse holder
M5
7 (5.2)
Frame ground retaining screw
M6
12 (8.9)
Solenoid starter cables screw
M6
12 (8.9)
Horn screw
M8
22 (16.2)
3 - 30
loctite 270
loctite 270
loctite 270
loctite 270
Use sealant
loctite 270
loctite 270
loctite 270
loctite 270
Smear
screws
washers with oil
loctite 243
loctite 270
loctite 270
loctite 270
loctite 243
loctite 270
loctite 270
loctite 270
loctite 270
loctite 243
and
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.2.
3.2.1.
MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
CHECKING BRAKE FLUID LEVEL AND TOPPING UP
NOTE This vehicle is fitted with front and rear disk brakes. Each
braking system is operated by an independent hydraulic circuit.
The following information refers to a single braking system, but is
valid for both.
DANGER
Sudden changes in brake lever play or a spongy feel
of the lever may indicate problems with the
hydraulic system.
If in doubt about the braking efficiency of your bike
or if you are not able to perform routine checks,
contact your aprilia Authorized Dealer.
Make sure that the brake disks are neither oily nor
greasy, especially after maintenance or checking
operations.
Make sure the brake lines are not twisted or worn.
Prevent water or dust from accidentally getting into
the circuit.
Wear latex gloves when servicing the hydraulic
circuit.
Brake fluid is an irritant. Avoid contact with eyes or
skin.
DANGER
In the event of accidental contact, wash affected
body parts thoroughly. In the event of accidental
contact with eyes, contact an eye specialist or seek
medical advice.
DO NOT RELEASE BRAKE FLUID INTO THE
ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
WARNING
When handling brake fluid, take care not to spill it
onto plastic or paint-finished parts or they will
seriously damage.
3 - 31
MAINTENANCE
DISK BRAKES
DANGER
The brakes are the parts that most ensure your
safety and for this reason they must always be
perfectly working; check them before every trip.
The brake fluid must be changed every year by an
aprilia Authorized Dealer.
Use brake fluid of the type specified in the lubricant
chart, see (LUBRICANT TABLE).
When the disk pads wear out, the level of the fluid inside tank
decreases to automatically compensate for their wear.
The front brake fluid reservoir (1) is mounted near the front brake
lever mount.
The rear brake fluid reservoir (2) is built in the master cylinder
fixed to the frame, on the right, next to the swing arm.
NOTE Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy or
dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or when the vehicle is
used in competitions.
Before leaving, check brake fluid level in the reservoirs.
Have the brake fluid changed every two years by an aprilia
Authorized Dealer.
DANGER
Do not use the vehicle if the braking system leaks
fluid.
FRONT BRAKE
Check
•
Place the vehicle in vertical position and keep handlebar in
the direction of travel.
•
Make sure that the fluid level in tank (1) exceeds the “MIN”
mark.
MIN = minimum level
MAX = maximum level
If fluid does not reach at least “MIN”.
WARNING
When the disk pads wear out, the level of the fluid
decreases progressively to compensate for their
wear.
•
Check the brake pad wear and the disk wear.
If the pads and/or the disk do not need replacing, provide for
topping up.
TOPPING UP - SXV
WARNING
The brake fluid may flow out of the tank. Do not
operate the front brake lever if the screws (3) are
loose or, most important, if the brake fluid tank
cover (4) has been removed.
•
Unscrew the screws (3) of the brake fluid reservoir by
means of a short, crossheaded screwdriver.
3 - 32
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the brake fluid to
the air.
The brake fluid is hygroscopic and when in contact
with the air it absorbs its humidity.
Leave the brake fluid tank (1) open ONLY for the
time necessary for topping up.
•
Raise and remove the cover (4) together with the screws (3)
and the gasket (5).
WARNING
In order not to spill the brake fluid while topping up,
do not shake the vehicle.
Do not put additives or other substances into the
fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar items, make sure
that they are perfectly clean.
•
Top up the reservoir (1) by adding brake fluid, see
(LUBRICANT TABLE), until exceeding “MIN” level mark.
WARNING
Top up to "MAX" level only after changing the brake
pads. Do not reach the MAX level with worn out
pads, since this will cause a fluid outflow when the
pads are changed.
Check braking efficiency.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake lever or
reduced efficiency of the braking system, contact an
aprilia Authorized dealer, since it may be necessary
to bleed the system.
TOPPING UP - RXV
WARNING
The brake fluid may flow out of the tank. Do not
operate the front brake lever if the screws (6) are
loose or, most important, if the brake fluid tank
cover (7) has been removed.
•
Unscrew the screws (6) of the brake fluid reservoir by
means of a short, cross-headed screwdriver.
WARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the brake fluid to
the air.
The brake fluid is hygroscopic and when in contact
with the air it absorbs its humidity.
Leave the brake fluid tank (1) open ONLY for the
time necessary for topping up.
•
Raise and remove the cover (7) together with the screws (6)
and the gasket (8).
WARNING
In order not to spill the brake fluid while topping up,
do not shake the vehicle.
Do not put additives or other substances into the
fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar items, make sure
that they are perfectly clean.
•
Top up the reservoir (1) by adding brake fluid, see
(LUBRICANT TABLE), until exceeding “MIN” level mark.
3 - 33
MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Top up to "MAX" level only after changing the brake
pads. Do not reach the MAX level with worn out
pads, since this will cause a fluid outflow when the
pads are changed.
Check the braking efficiency.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake lever or
reduced efficiency of the braking system, contact an
aprilia Authorized dealer, since it may be necessary
to bleed the system.
REAR BRAKE
Check
•
Set the vehicle in vertical position.
•
Make sure that the fluid level exceeds the “MIN” mark.
MIN = minimum level
If fluid does not reach at least “MIN”.
WARNING
When the disk pads wear out, the level of the fluid
decreases progressively to compensate for their
wear.
•
Check the brake pad wear and the disk wear.
If the pads and/or the disk do not need replacing, provide for
topping up.
TOPPING UP
WARNING
The brake fluid may flow out of the tank. Do not
operate the front brake lever if the screws (9) are
loose or, most important, if the brake fluid tank
cover (10) has been removed.
•
Using a wrench, loosen the two screws (9) from the brake
fluid reservoir (2).
WARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the brake fluid to
the air.
The brake fluid is hygroscopic and when in contact
with the air it absorbs its humidity.
Leave the brake fluid tank (2) open ONLY for the
time necessary for topping up.
•
Raise and remove the cover (10) together with the screws
(9) and the gasket (11).
WARNING
In order to avoiding spilling brake fluid while topping
up, do not shake the vehicle.
Do not put additives or other substances into the
fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar items, make sure
that they are perfectly clean.
3 - 34
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
•
MAINTENANCE
Top up the reservoir (2) by adding brake fluid, see
(LUBRICANT TABLE), until exceeding “MIN” level mark.
WARNING
Top up to "MAX" level only after changing the brake
pads. Do not reach the MAX level with worn out
pads, since this will cause a fluid outflow when the
pads are changed.
Check braking efficiency.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake lever or
reduced efficiency of the braking system, contact an
aprilia Authorized Dealer, since it may be necessary
to bleed the system.
3 - 35
MAINTENANCE
3.2.2.
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP
DANGER
Engine oil may cause serious damage to the
skin if handled daily and for long periods.
Wash your hands carefully after use.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DO NOT RELEASE
ENVIRONMENT.
THE
OIL
INTO
THE
Dispose of engine oil stored in a sealed
container at the nearest waste oil reclamation
firm or through the supplier.
Wear latex gloves when servicing.
WARNING
If the oil pressure light “ " comes on during
regular engine operation, it means that the
engine oil pressure in the circuit is low.
If this is the case, check the engine oil level,
see (CHECKING ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND
TOPPING UP), if the level is not correct, stop
the engine immediately and contact an aprilia
Authorized Dealer.
Proceed with care.
Do not spill the oil!
Take care not to smear any component, the
area in which you are working and the
surrounding area. Remove any trace.
In case of leakage or malfunctions, contact an
aprilia Authorized Dealer.
NOTE Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy
or dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or when the
vehicle is used in competitions.
For the check, proceed as follows:
WARNING
These
vehicles
are
equipped
with
gearbox/clutch and engine separate from
lubrication circuits. Level check and oil change
are to be performed on both circuits.
WARNING
Engine oil must be checked when the engine is
warm. If you check engine oil level with cold
engine, oil could temporarily get below MIN
level. This is not a problem as long as the oil
pressure light “ “ does not come on, see
(INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS).
3 - 36
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
MAINTENANCE
NOTE To warm the engine and have the engine oil reach the
operating temperature ride the vehicle for a while (10 - 15
min), then let the engine idle with the vehicle at rest for at
least 30 seconds, and stop the engine.
•
•
Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with the two
wheels resting on the ground.
Check oil level through clear hose (1).
MAX = maximum level
MIN = minimum level
•
The level is correct when the oil almost reaches the
MAX mark.
If necessary, top up the engine oil by proceeding as
follows:
WARNING
If the vehicle is used for sport with the oil level
too high, it is possible that some oil splashes
reach the air box through engine breather hose.
WARNING
Never exceed the MAX mark, nor let the oil get
below the MIN mark, in order to avoid serious
damage to the engine.
•
Unscrew and remove the filler plug (2).
WARNING
Do not put additives or other substances into
the oil.
If you use a funnel or other similar items, make
sure that they are perfectly clean.
NOTE Use good quality oils, see (LUBRICANT TABLE).
•
Top up the tank to correct level, see (LUBRICANT
TABLE).
3 - 37
MAINTENANCE
3.2.3.
•
•
•
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
CHANGING ENGINE OIL AND OIL FILTER
Move the sump guard down.
Position the vehicle on firm and flat ground.
Position the vehicle on the stand.
WARNING
Allow several minutes for the engine and
exhaust system to cool down.
•
•
•
•
Stop the engine and let it cool down to allow the oil to
flow into the crankcase and to cool.
Unscrew and remove the plug (1).
Place a container under engine oil drain plug, on
flywheel side.
Loosen and remove the oil drain plug (2) and let oil
drain off completely.
WARNING
Used oil contains substances that are very
dangerous for the environment. Dispose of
used oil in accordance with regulations.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Take off the engine oil filter cover
Remove it with its gasket, keep the O-ring.
Remove the oil filter.
Install a new oil filter.
Refit the engine oil filter cover (3).
Screw and tighten the oil drain plug (2).
(3).
Fill up with about 1250 cu.cm of engine oil (76.3 cu.in.).
Screw and tighten the plug (1).
Start the engine and let it run for a few minutes. Stop
the engine and let it cool down.
Check engine oil level, see (CHECKING THE ENGINE
OIL LEVEL).
3 - 38
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.2.4.
MAINTENANCE
GEARBOX FLUID
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
WARNING
gearbox oil level must be checked when the
engine is warm.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Stop the engine.
Wait a few minutes to allow oil to get from the gearbox
to the clutch.
Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with the two
wheels resting on the ground.
Remove the rear brake lever loosening the screw (1)
and collect the washer.
Unscrew and remove the inspection plug (2).
Level is correct if oil lightly touches the inspection plug
hole (2).
If necessary, proceed as follows:
•
Remove the filler plug (3).
•
Top up with oil, see (LUBRICANT TABLE), until oil
reaches inspection plug hole (2).
WARNING
Do not put additives or other substances into
the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar items, make
sure that they are perfectly clean.
•
Wait a few minutes to allow oil to get from the clutch to
the gearbox, then check level again.
REPLACEMENT
NOTE Warm oil is more fluid and will drain out more easily.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Move the sump guard down.
Place a container of suitable capacity under the drain
plug (4).
Unscrew and remove the drain plug (4).
Unscrew and remove the filler plug (3).
Drain the oil and let it drip into the container for a few
minutes.
Check and replace, if needed, the drain plug (4)
sealing washers.
Screw and tighten the drain plug (4).
Remove the rear brake lever loosening the screw (1)
and collect the washer.
3 - 39
MAINTENANCE
•
•
•
•
Unscrew and remove the inspection plug (2).
Fill with new oil, see (LUBRICANT TABLE), until oil
reaches inspection plug hole (2).
Wait a few minutes to allow oil to get from the clutch to
the gearbox, then check level again.
Tighten the filler plug (3).
WARNING
Oil flow from clutch to gearbox and vice versa
can be particularly slow if the ambient
temperature, oil or engine temperature is low.
WARNING
Do not put additives or other substances into
the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar items, make
sure that they are perfectly clean.
•
Refit the rear brake lever, ensure you fit the washer inbetween lever and casing, tighten screw (1).
3 - 40
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.2.5.
MAINTENANCE
COOLANT
Do not ride when coolant is below the minimum level.
NOTE Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy
or dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or when the
vehicle
is
used
in
competitions.
Before leaving, check coolant level, see (CHECKING AND
TOPPING UP), have it changed every two years by an
aprilia Authorized Dealer.
DANGER
Coolant is toxic when ingested, contact with
eyes or skin may cause irritation.
In the event of contact with eyes or skin, rinse
repeatedly with abundant water and seek
medical advice. In the event of ingestion,
induce vomiting, rinse mouth and throat with
abundant water and seek medical advice
immediately.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DO NOT RELEASE BRAKE FLUID INTO THE
ENVIRONMENT.
Be careful not to spill the coolant on the red-hot
parts of the engine: it may catch fire and send
out invisible flames.
If maintenance operation are required, it is
advisable to use latex gloves.
WARNING
Have it changed by an aprilia Authorized
Dealer.
Coolant mixture is a 50% solution of water and antifreeze.
This is the ideal solution for most operating temperatures
and provides good corrosion protection.
This solution is also suited to warm weather, as it is less
prone to evaporative loss and will reduce the need for topups.
The mineral salt deposits left in the radiator by evaporated
water are thus reduced and the efficiency of the cooling
system remains unchanged.
If the outdoor temperature is below 0 °C, check the cooling
circuit frequently and if necessary increase the antifreeze
concentration (up to maximum 60%).
Use distilled water in the coolant mixture. Tap water will
damage the engine.
DANGER
Do not remove the radiator plug (1) with hot
engine. Coolant is hot and under pressure.
If it gets in contact with the skin or with clothes
it may cause burns and/or damage.
3 - 41
MAINTENANCE
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
DANGER
Check the coolant level and top up the
expansion tank with cold engine.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Stop the engine and wait until it has cooled down.
Position the vehicle on firm and flat ground.
Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with the two
wheels resting on the ground.
Turn radiator plug (1) counter-clockwise by one click.
Allow a few seconds for pressure to bleed.
Turn radiator plug (1) anticlockwise again and remove
it.
•
Ensure that the fluid completely covers radiator plates.
•
Also check fluid level in the expansion tank (under
engine sump cover) using the suitable sight glass.
Correct level is included between MIN and MAX
references.
•
DANGER
Coolant is toxic when ingested. Contact with
eyes or skin may cause irritation.
Do not use your fingers or any other object to
check if there is enough coolant.
Do not put additives or other substances into
the fluid.
WARNING
Do not put additives or other substances into
the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar items, make
sure that they are perfectly clean.
•
•
If necessary, top up coolant, see (LUBRICANT
TABLE), until fluid completely covers radiator plates.
Do not exceed this level, otherwise the fluid will flow
out while the engine is running. If you use a funnel or
other tools, make sure that they are perfectly clean.
Refit the radiator plug (1).
WARNING
In case of excessive consumption of coolant,
make sure that there are no leaks in the circuit.
Have the vehicle serviced by an aprilia
Authorized Dealer.
3 - 42
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.3.
3.3.1.
MAINTENANCE
ADJUSTMENTS
TENSIONING THE THROTTLE CABLES
Carefully read (MAINTENANCE).
NOTE Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy
or dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or when the
vehicle is used in competitions.
The idle stroke of the throttle grip must be 0.079 ± 0.118 (2 ±
3 mm), measured on the edge of the grip itself.
If not, proceed as follows:
•
Place the vehicle on the stand, see (POSITIONING
THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND).
•
•
•
Withdraw the protection element (1).
Loosen (by screwing) the lock nut (2).
Rotate the adjuster (3) in such a way as to restore the
prescribed value.
After the adjustment, tighten the lock nut (2) (loosening
it) and check the idle stroke again.
Put back the protection element (1).
•
•
WARNING
After the adjustment, make sure that the
rotation of the handlebar does not modify the
engine idling rpm and that the throttle grip
returns smoothly and automatically to its
original position after being released.
3 - 43
MAINTENANCE
3.3.2.
SUSPENSIONS
CHECKING THE FRONT SUSPENSION
DANGER
To change the fork fluid, contact an aprilia
Authorized Dealer, who will ensure you prompt
and accurate servicing.
Carefully read (MAINTENANCE).
Change fork fluid more frequently if the vehicle is used in
rainy or dusty areas and in off-road conditions.
Check for the following:
•
•
•
With pulled front brake lever, press the handlebar
repeatedly, thrusting the fork downwards.
The fork should compress in a smooth movement and
must show no traces of oil on the legs.
Ensure that all components are properly tightened and
check the front and rear suspension articulated joints
for correct operation.
DANGER
In the event of faulty operation, or if qualified
servicing is necessary, contact your aprilia
Authorized Dealer.
FRONT SUSPENSION
The front suspension is managed by a hydraulic fork, which
is held to the steering tube by two yokes.
Each fork leg is fitted with suitable adjusters to modify
suspension response. An upper adjuster screw (1) controls
rebound damping, whereas a lower adjuster screw (2)
controls compression damping.
SETTING THE FRONT FORK
WARNING
Do not force the adjusters (1-2) beyond their
limit stops in either direction, or the threads
may strip. Set both fork legs to the same spring
preload, compression and rebound damping
settings: a vehicle whose fork legs are set to
different settings will be unstable. When spring
preload is increased, rebound damping should
be increased accordingly. Failure to do so may
result in the front end jerking unexpectedly
when riding.
Factory setting is designed for any riding condition, low
speed, with reduced or full load.
3 - 44
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
However, suspension setting may be modified to suit specific
needs in accordance with vehicle use.
WARNING
For a correct setting of adjusters (1-2), first set
the damper to the stiffest position (adjuster
fully clockwise) then set desired position
(clicks and/or turns).
DANGER
Racing settings may only be used during
official
competitions
or
sports
events
authorized by the competent authorities and
taking place in closed circuits or, anyway, away
from public roads.
It is strictly prohibited to carry out adjustments
for the use of the vehicle on racetracks and
then ride it on roads or motorways.
SXV Front suspension
Hydraulic rebound adjustment, screw (1)
Hydraulic compression damping, screw (2)
Fork height (A) (***) over top yoke (not including top cap)
Standard setting
tighten fully (*) and then slacken (**) by 10 clicks
tighten fully (*) (H) and then slacken (**) by 10 clicks
Flush with plug
RXV Front suspension
Hydraulic rebound adjustment, screw (1)
Hydraulic compression damping, screw (2)
Fork height (A) (***) over top yoke (not including top cap)
Standard setting
tighten fully (*) and then slacken (**) by 12 clicks
tighten fully (*) (H) and then slacken (**) by 12 clicks
1 notch
(*) = clockwise
(**) = counter-clockwise
(***) = Please only contact an aprilia Authorized Dealer for these kinds of settings
3 - 45
MAINTENANCE
REAR SUSPENSION
The rear suspension consists of a spring-shock absorber
unit, fixed to the frame by means of a rubber cush drive and
to the swing arm by means of lever systems.
The rear shock absorber is fitted with suitable adjusters to
modify suspension set-up. An adjuster screw controls
rebound damping, whereas an adjuster (2) controls
compression damping. An adjuster ring nut controls spring
(3) preload and features a locking ring nut (4).
ADJUSTING THE REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
NOTE Halve maintenance intervals if you are riding in rainy
or dusty conditions, on rough road surfaces or when the
vehicle is used in competitions.
Factory setting is designed for any riding condition, low or
high speed, with reduced or full load.
However, rear suspension setting may be modified to suit
specific needs in accordance with vehicle usage.
WARNING
For a correct setting of adjusters (1-2), first set
the damper to the stiffest position (adjuster
fully clockwise) then set desired position
(clicks and/or turns).
Do not force the adjusters (1-2) beyond their
limit stops in either direction, or the threads
may strip.
•
•
•
•
•
Slightly unscrew the locking ring nut (4) by means of
the appropriate wrench.
Adjust spring preload (B) through the adjusting ring nut
(3) (see table).
Once optimum track alignment has been reached,
completely tighten the locking ring nut (4).
Work the screw (1) to set shock absorber rebound
damping (see table).
Work the knob (2) to set compression damping (see
table).
WARNING
Adjust the spring preload and the hydraulic
rebound damping according to the conditions
of use of the vehicle.
When the spring preload is increased, it is
necessary to increase also the hydraulic
rebound damping, in order to avoid sudden
jerks while riding.
If necessary, contact an aprilia Authorized
Dealer.
3 - 46
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
MAINTENANCE
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
WARNING
Do not loosen screw (5) or disturb the
membrane underneath or the resulting nitrogen
loss will impair shock absorber operation
making the motorcycle unsafe to ride.
DANGER
Racing settings may only be used during
official
competitions
or
sports
events
authorized by the pertinent authorities and held
in closed circuits or, in any case, away from
public roads. It is strictly prohibited to carry out
adjustments for the use of the vehicle on
racetracks and then ride it on roads or
highways.
SXV Rear suspension
Shock absorber center distance (A)
Spring length (preloaded) (B)
Rebound adjustment, screw (1)
Compression adjustment, screw (2)
Bypass adjuster knob (6)
Standard setting
457 ± 1.5 mm (18 ± 0.06 in)
245 mm (9.6 in.)
13 clicks
16 clicks
Fully open (-)
RXV Rear suspension
Shock absorber center distance (A)
Spring length (preloaded) (B)
Rebound adjustment, screw (1)
Compression adjustment, screw (2)
Bypass adjuster knob (6)
Standard setting
18.6 ± 0.06 in (473 ± 1.5 mm)
9.7 in. (247 mm)
23 clicks
Fully open
Fully open (-)
3 - 47
MAINTENANCE
3.4.
BLEEDING
3.4.1.
BLEEDING THE FRONT BRAKE SYSTEM
The air, if any, present inside the hydraulic circuit will serve
as "pad" by absorbing most of the pressure coming from the
brake master cylinder and thus reducing the caliper
efficiency during braking.
If some air is present inside the circuit, the brake control is
"spongy" and the braking efficiency is reduced.
DANGER
It is fundamental that air is bled off the
hydraulic circuit after the brakes have been
refitted and the braking system has been
restored to its standard operating conditions,
since it would be very dangerous for the vehicle
and the rider not to do so.
NOTE Bleed air with vehicle on flat ground.
While bleeding the hydraulic circuit, top up reservoir with
brake fluid as required. Make sure there is always some fluid
in the reservoir throughout the process.
•
•
•
Remove the bleed valve rubber cap.
Insert one end of a transparent plastic tubing inside the
front brake caliper bleed valve and the other end in a
container for collection.
Pull and quickly release the front brake lever a few
times, then keep it pulled.
3 - 48
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
•
•
•
MAINTENANCE
Loosen the bleed valve by 1/4 of a turn so as the brake
fluid flows in the container, this will remove any
tension from the lever and help it travel fully home.
Retighten the bleed valve before the lever is fully
squeezed in.
Repeat process until the fluid draining into the
container is totally clear of air bubbles.
NOTE While bleeding the hydraulic circuit, top up reservoir
with brake fluid as required. Make sure there is always some
fluid in the reservoir throughout the process.
•
•
•
Tighten the bleed valve and remove the tubing.
Top up fluid inside tank.
Refit the rubber cap.
3 - 49
MAINTENANCE
3.4.2.
BLEEDING THE REAR BRAKE SYSTEM
The air, if any, present inside the hydraulic circuit will serve
as "pad" by absorbing most of the pressure coming from the
brake master cylinder and thus reducing the caliper
efficiency during braking.
If some air is present inside the circuit, the brake control is
"spongy" and the braking efficiency is reduced.
DANGER
It is fundamental that air is bled off the
hydraulic circuit after the brakes have been
refitted and the braking system has been
restored to its standard operating conditions,
since it would be very dangerous for the vehicle
and the rider not to do so.
NOTE Bleed air with vehicle on flat ground.
While bleeding the hydraulic circuit, top up reservoir with
brake fluid as required. Make sure there is always some fluid
in the reservoir throughout the process.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Remove the bleed valve rubber cap.
Insert one end of a transparent plastic tubing inside the
rear brake caliper bleed valve and the other end in a
container for collection.
Pull and quickly release the rear brake lever a few
times, then keep it pulled.
Loosen the bleed valve by 1/4 of a turn so as the brake
fluid flows in the container, this will remove any
tension from the lever and help it travel fully home.
Retighten the bleed valve before the lever is fully
squeezed in.
Repeat process until the fluid draining into the
container is totally clear of air bubbles.
NOTE While bleeding the hydraulic circuit, top up reservoir
with brake fluid as required. Make sure there is always some
fluid in the reservoir throughout the process.
•
•
•
Tighten the bleed valve and remove the tubing.
Top up fluid inside tank.
Refit the rubber cap.
3 - 50
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
3.4.3.
MAINTENANCE
SPARK ARRESTOR
•
Loosen and remove the two screws (1) on final closure
(2).
•
Remove final closure (2).
•
Slide off screen (3).
•
Clean or replace screen (3) if damaged.
3 - 51
CHASSIS
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
CHASSIS
4
4-1
CHASSIS
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
TABLE OF CONTENTS
4.1.
CHASSIS ......................................................................................................................................................... 3
4.1.1.
REMOVING THE SEAT ......................................................................................................................... 3
4.1.2.
REMOVING THE BATTERY .................................................................................................................. 4
4.1.3.
REMOVING THE CONTROL UNIT........................................................................................................ 5
4.1.4.
REMOVING THE REAR WHEEL ........................................................................................................... 6
4.1.5.
REMOVING THE SWING ARM ............................................................................................................. 8
4.1.6.
INSTALLING THE REAR WHEEL ....................................................................................................... 11
4.1.7.
REMOVING THE EXHAUST SYSTEM ................................................................................................ 12
4.2.
FUEL FEEDING SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................. 14
4.2.1.
DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................................................ 14
4.2.2.
REMOVING THE FUEL TANK............................................................................................................. 15
4.2.3.
REMOVING THE AIR FILTER ............................................................................................................. 17
4.3.
INJECTION.................................................................................................................................................... 18
4.3.1.
DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................................................ 18
4.4.
COOLING SYSTEM ...................................................................................................................................... 20
4.4.1.
DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................................................ 20
4.4.2.
REMOVING THE RADIATOR .............................................................................................................. 21
4.5.
LUBRICATION SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................... 24
4.5.1.
DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................................................ 24
4.5.2.
REMOVING THE OIL TANK ................................................................................................................ 25
4-2
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
4.1.
4.1.1.
CHASSIS
CHASSIS
REMOVING THE SEAT
•
Turn the lip.
•
Remove the seat.
4-3
CHASSIS
4.1.2.
REMOVING THE BATTERY
•
•
Remove the seat, see (REMOVING THE SEAT).
Loosen and remove the negative cable screw, keep
the fastener.
•
Loosen and remove the positive cable screw, keep the
fastener.
•
Remove the battery.
4-4
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
4.1.3.
•
•
•
•
CHASSIS
REMOVING THE CONTROL UNIT
Remove the seat, see (REMOVING THE SEAT).
Remove the fuel tank, see (REMOVING THE FUEL
TANK).
Detach the connectors.
•
Loosen and remove the two screws securing the
voltage regulator.
Remove the voltage regulator.
•
Remove the control unit.
4-5
CHASSIS
4.1.4.
REMOVING THE REAR WHEEL
•
•
Place the vehicle on the suitable supports (OPT).
Unscrew and remove the nut and collect the washer.
•
•
Working on either side, loosen adjuster.
Remove the chain.
•
Using a rubber mallet, slide out the wheel shaft on the
left side of the vehicle, collect the shims and remove
the wheel from the rear end.
4-6
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
•
CHASSIS
Remove the bush.
4-7
CHASSIS
4.1.5.
REMOVING THE SWING ARM
•
Loosen and remove the nut securing the swing
arm/levers shaft and collect the washer.
•
Slide out the swing arm/levers shaft.
•
Loosen and remove the screws from top protection
cover and collect the spacer.
Remove the top protection cover.
•
4-8
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
•
Loosen and remove the three screws from chain guide
and collect the two nuts.
•
Move the chain to the side completed with chain guide.
•
Unscrew and remove the swing arm shaft nut.
•
•
•
Unscrew and remove the threaded pin (1).
Release the spring (2).
Remove the rear brake pedal (3).
CHASSIS
4-9
CHASSIS
•
Remove swing arm shaft.
4 - 10
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
4.1.6.
CHASSIS
INSTALLING THE REAR WHEEL
•
Refit the bush.
•
•
•
•
Fit the rear wheel.
Refit the chain.
Working on either side, fit the shims.
Working on the left side, fit the wheel shaft.
•
•
Working on the right side, fit the washer and start the
wheel shaft nut, do not tighten it yet.
Adjust chain tension using the suitable adjusters.
•
Tighten the wheel shaft nut.
4 - 11
CHASSIS
4.1.7.
•
REMOVING THE EXHAUST SYSTEM
•
Unscrew and remove the two retaining screws with
washers and collect the nuts.
Ensure that the T-shaped bushings stay in place.
•
Working on either side, remove the mounting spring.
•
Working on either side, loosen and remove the two
screws, collect the washers.
•
Remove the exhaust silencer.
4 - 12
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
•
Loosen and remove the two screws from front cylinder
exhaust manifold.
•
Remove the front cylinder exhaust manifold and collect
the clamp.
•
Loosen and remove the two screws from rear cylinder
exhaust manifold.
•
Remove the rear cylinder exhaust manifold.
CHASSIS
4 - 13
CHASSIS
4.2.
FUEL FEEDING SYSTEM
4.2.1.
DIAGRAM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Fuel tank
Fuel tank filler cap
Plug gasket
5x9 Tube
Fuel pump assy
Fuel filter
Gasket
Thermistor
4 - 14
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
4.2.2.
•
•
•
CHASSIS
REMOVING THE FUEL TANK
Remove the seat, see (REMOVING THE SEAT).
Working on one side, loosen and remove the two
screws, collect the washer.
Remove the lower side body panel.
NOTE Cutting the side body panel along marks (A) allows
you to remove the tank without removing the lower side
panel first.
•
Unscrew and remove the tank retaining screw and
collect the pilot bush.
•
•
•
Remove the fuel tank plug breather hose.
Raise the fuel tank.
Hold the fuel tank up using a retaining cord.
WARNING
Make sure the tank retaining cord never
touches the battery positive pole.
•
Release the quick-release fitting.
4 - 15
CHASSIS
•
Disconnect the connector.
•
Remove the split pin from the side still fitted with the
side body panel.
•
Remove the tank retaining pin from the side without
lower side body panel.
•
Remove the fuel tank.
4 - 16
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
4.2.3.
•
•
•
•
CHASSIS
REMOVING THE AIR FILTER
Remove the seat, see (REMOVING THE SEAT).
Raise the fuel tank, see (REMOVING THE FUEL
TANK).
Grasp and release the handles on either sides to
release the air box cover.
Slide the cover from the rear end completed with air
filter.
NOTE Please ensure the air box is clean before refitting.
Remove any dirt that might have entered during the removal
procedure.
When refitting, pay attention to correctly refit the air scoops.
WARNING
Ensure the tank retaining cord never touches
the battery positive pole.
WARNING
If it falls to the ground, carefully clean the air
filter and the air box from oil possibly coming
from the oil tank via the oil breather hose.
WARNING
To avoid foreign matter from entering the air
box, remove the air box cover only when
vehicle is clean.
4 - 17
CHASSIS
4.3.
4.3.1.
4 - 18
INJECTION
DIAGRAM
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
CHASSIS
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Ignition keys
Fuel pump
Ignition switch
Instrument panel
Intake air temperature sensor
Throttle position sensor
Injector
Intake air pressure sensor
Cooling fans
Engine temperature sensor
Speed sensor (front wheel)
Crankshaft position sensor
Gearbox position switch
4 - 19
CHASSIS
4.4.
COOLING SYSTEM
4.4.1.
DIAGRAM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Left radiator
Right radiator
Expansion tank
Complete fan
Fan support
Tube D10 – d5.5
Tube connecting left to right radiator - upper
Tube connecting left to right radiator - lower
Tube connecting radiator to water pump
Tube connecting radiator to rear cylinder head
Tube connecting radiator to front cylinder head
Expansion tank gasket
Expansion tank plug
Radiator plug
4 - 20
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
4.4.2.
•
•
•
CHASSIS
REMOVING THE RADIATOR
Working on either side, loosen and remove the three
side body panel screws.
Remove the side body panels.
•
Prepare a container of suitable capacity under the
hose.
Release the clamp.
•
•
•
Remove the hose.
Drain the fluid in the container.
Open radiator plug to drain all fluid.
•
Working on either side, release the clamps.
4 - 21
CHASSIS
•
Remove the right and left delivery hoses.
•
Working on the left side, release the clamp and
disconnect the hose.
•
Working on the right side, slide out the hose.
•
Remove the radiator breather hose.
4 - 22
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
•
Working on the right side, loosen the lower screw and
collect the nut and washer on the left side.
•
Working on the right side, loosen the upper screw and
collect the nut and washer on the left side.
CHASSIS
WARNING
Before removing the screw, support the cooling
fan or it will fall down.
•
Slide out the radiators in a downward motion.
WARNING
The radiators are connected one to the other by
means of the lower hose.
4 - 23
CHASSIS
4.5.
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
4.5.1.
DIAGRAM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Oil tank assembly
Oil drain plug
Washer 12x18x1.5
Oil filler plug M20x1.5
O-ring 3075
Flanged hex.head screw M6x70
Flanged hex.head screw M6x95
Narrow self-locking nut M6x1
Blow-by hose L=215
Click clamp 16.5x6.6
Click clamp 15.5x6.6
Oil breather hose 9x14
Cock clamp
Rubber block
Tank bushing
Oil sight glass
Click clamp
From engine
To air box
Inlet
Outlet
4 - 24
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
4.5.2.
•
•
REMOVING THE OIL TANK
•
Remove the seat, see (REMOVING THE SEAT).
Raise the fuel tank, see (REMOVING THE FUEL
TANK).
Remove the radiators from the cooling system, see
(REMOVING THE RADIATORS).
Prepare a container of suitable capacity under the oil
tank plug.
Loosen and remove oil drain cap.
•
•
Remove the top clamp.
Slide out the blow-by hose.
•
Release the clamp.
•
Remove the hose.
•
•
CHASSIS
4 - 25
CHASSIS
•
•
Release the two clips.
Remove the two hoses.
•
•
Working on the right side, loosen and remove the two
screws.
Working on the left side, remove the two nuts.
•
Remove oil filler plug.
•
Remove the oil tank from below.
4 - 26
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
SXV / RXV 450 - 550
CHASSIS
4 - 27
CYCLE PARTS
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
CYCLE PARTS
5
5-1
CYCLE PARTS
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
TABLE OF CONTENTS
5.1.
FRONT FORK (SXV) ....................................................................................................................... 3
5.1.1.
DIAGRAM (SXV) ..................................................................................................................... 3
5.1.2.
REMOVING THE FORK LEGS (SXV)..................................................................................... 4
5.1.3.
CHANGING THE FORK FLUID (SXV) .................................................................................... 8
5.1.4.
DISASSEMBLING THE FRONT FORK (SXV) ...................................................................... 11
5.1.5.
REASSEMBLING THE FRONT FORK (SXV) ....................................................................... 15
5.1.6.
INSTALLING THE FORK LEGS (SXV) ................................................................................. 17
5.2.
FRONT FORK (RXV) ..................................................................................................................... 21
5.2.1.
DIAGRAM (RXV) ................................................................................................................... 21
5.2.2.
REMOVING THE FORK LEGS (RXV) .................................................................................. 22
5.2.3.
CHANGING THE FORK FLUID (RXV).................................................................................. 26
5.2.4.
DISASSEMBLING THE FRONT FORK (RXV)...................................................................... 29
5.2.5.
REASSEMBLING THE FRONT FORK (RXV)....................................................................... 33
5.2.6.
INSTALLING THE FORK LEGS (RXV) ................................................................................. 35
5-2
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
5.1.
5.1.1.
CYCLE PARTS
FRONT FORK (SXV)
DIAGRAM (SXV)
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Left fork assembly
Right fork assembly
Left stanchion
Right stanchion
Complete sleeve
Ring for spring
Spring Kit
Complete damper rod
Complete valve
Complete plug
Flanged TE screw
Dust seal + oil seal kit
Seal Kit Ø 1.89 in (48 mm)
Bushing Kit
Adjust kit thickness 0.0039 in (0.1 mm)
Adjust kit thickness 0.0059 in (0.15 mm)
Adjus kit thickness. 0.0079 in (0.2 mm)
Adjust.Kit thck. 0.0118 in (0.3 mm)
5-3
CYCLE PARTS
5.1.2.
REMOVING THE FORK LEGS (SXV)
•
Loosen and remove the two front screws securing the
mudguard.
•
Loosen and remove the four screws securing the
mudguard.
Remove the front mudguard
•
•
•
•
•
5-4
Place the front stand (OPT) in the fork bottom plate.
Loosen and remove the two screws securing the brake
caliper.
Remove the brake caliper.
Working on the left side, loosen and remove the front
wheel shaft nut.
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
Working on either side, loosen the wheel shaft pinch
bolts.
•
Working on the right side, slide out the wheel shaft.
•
Remove the wheel.
•
Collect the bush.
CYCLE PARTS
NOTE The next three operations only apply to the left fork
leg.
•
Remove cable ties from the fork leg.
5-5
CYCLE PARTS
•
•
Loosen and remove the two speed sensor screws.
Remove the speed sensor.
•
•
Loosen and remove the three leg guard screws.
Remove the fork leg guard.
•
Support the fork leg and loosen the screws from top
and bottom plate.
5-6
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
CYCLE PARTS
Remove the fork leg.
5-7
CYCLE PARTS
5.1.3.
CHANGING THE FORK FLUID (SXV)
NOTE The following procedure applies to both fork legs.
Periodically change the fork fluid, see (REGULAR SERVICE
INTERVALS CHART).
NOTE While draining and filling fork fluid, the stanchion and
its parts should be clamped in a vice; be careful not to
tighten them too much or damage them; always use
aluminum protections.
DRAINING
Drain oil as follows:
•
Remove the fork leg, see (REMOVING THE FORK
LEGS - SXV).
•
Set sleeve (3) in a vice with safety jaws. Use a
hexagonal wrench to loosen the top cap 1.
NOTE Make sure the O-ring (2) is not damaged during
removal.
•
Push the fork leg into the sleeve.
WARNING
The fork leg/sleeve unit is filled with oil; do not
tilt it too much or turn it upside-down during
removal.
•
Loosen the lock nut indicated by the arrow, holding the
plug (1) with a suitable hexagon wrench.
•
Remove plug (1) together with plastic bushing (4) and
aluminum shim.
•
Remove the spring (5). Let oil drip from the spring into
the sleeve to avoid topping up or fluid change.
5-8
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
CYCLE PARTS
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
Drain all oil inside the container as shown.
NOTE Pump the leg inside the sleeve to help oil drain out
completely from the damper rod.
FILLING UP:
•
Pour fork fluid inside the sleeve (3) up to the correct
level that can be measured by inserting a graduated
rod inside sleeve (3).
Oil level: 4.92
(from leg edge)
±
0.079
in
(125
±
2
mm)
NOTE To correctly measure the fluid level, ensure that
sleeve (3) is perfectly vertical and fully home in the leg.
Fluid level shall be the same in both fork legs.
•
Fit spring (5) in the sleeve.
•
Fit aluminum shim and plastic bushing (4) onto spring
(5).
5-9
CYCLE PARTS
•
•
Ensure that O-ring (2) is fitted to top cap (1).
Hold the lock nut and tighten the top cap (1) finger tight
onto damper rod.
•
Tighten the cap (1) onto sleeve (3).
5 - 10
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
5.1.4.
•
CYCLE PARTS
DISASSEMBLING THE FRONT FORK (SXV)
•
Drain all fluid from inside the fork leg, see (CHANGING
THE FORK FLUID - SXV).
Slide out the damper rod.
•
Clamp the sleeve in a vice, in horizontal position.
WARNING
Place a container under the bottom plug.
•
Loosen and remove the bottom plug using an air gun.
NOTE Make sure the O-rings are not damaged during
removal.
•
Slide out the complete damper rod.
5 - 11
CYCLE PARTS
•
Slide out the dust seal (1) from the sleeve prising it out
with a screwdriver.
WARNING
Be careful not to damage the tube edge and the
dust seal (1).
•
Remove the snap ring (2) from inside the sleeve, using
a screwdriver.
WARNING
Be careful not to damage the sleeve edge.
•
•
-
Firmly remove the sleeve.
The fork leg still holds:
bushing (3);
guide ring (4);
shim (5);
oil seal (6);
stop ring (2);
dust scraper seal (1).
5 - 12
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
CYCLE PARTS
Bushing (3) and guide ring (4) can be removed using a
small screwdriver; then the following parts can also be
removed:
shim (5),
oil seal (6),
5 - 13
CYCLE PARTS
snap ring (2) and dust scraper seal (1).
5 - 14
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
5.1.5.
CYCLE PARTS
REASSEMBLING THE FRONT FORK (SXV)
NOTE Take the suitable special tool OPT (A) (part no.
9100904) before proceeding and smear the gaskets and
bushings with fork fluid before refitting them.
•
-
Fit the components onto the fork leg in the following
order:
dust scraper seal (1).
stop ring (2);
oil seal (6);
shim (5);
guide ring (4);
bushing (3);
WARNING
Tape the bushing (3) groove before fitting the
oil seal so to avoid damaging the seal lip.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Vice the fork leg using pads in soft material to avoid
damages (such as aluminum).
Fit bushing (3) in its seat on the fork leg.
Fit the sleeve to the fork leg.
Take the guide ring (4) and shim (5) fully home against
the sleeve.
Using the suitable insertion tool (A), push oil seal (6)
fully home in the sleeve.
Fit the snap ring (2).
5 - 15
CYCLE PARTS
•
Fit the dust scraper ring (1).
•
Fit the complete damper rod fully home in the fork leg.
•
Fit and tighten the bottom plug.
•
•
Fit the damper rod.
Proceed by filling with fluid, see (CHANGING THE
FORK FLUID - SXV).
5 - 16
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
5.1.6.
CYCLE PARTS
INSTALLING THE FORK LEGS (SXV)
•
Fit the fork leg.
•
Support the fork leg and tighten the two screws on top
and bottom plate.
•
Install the leg guard, position and tighten the three
screws.
5 - 17
CYCLE PARTS
•
Fit the speed sensor and tighten the two screws.
•
Refit the bush.
•
Refit the wheel.
•
Working on the right side, fit the wheel shaft.
5 - 18
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
CYCLE PARTS
Working on the left side, partially tighten the front
wheel shaft nut.
NOTE To lock wheel shaft rotation tighten the two screws on
fork clamp, right side.
•
•
•
•
•
Working on the left side, tighten the front wheel shaft
nut.
Tighten the two screws on wheel shaft left fork clamp.
•
Position the brake caliper in its seat.
Tighten the two brake caliper screws.
Remove the front support (OPT), and place the vehicle
on the side stand, see (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
Secure the sensor cable using a tie.
•
Fit the mudguard and tighten the four screws.
5 - 19
CYCLE PARTS
•
Tighten the two mudguard front screws.
5 - 20
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
5.2.
5.2.1.
CYCLE PARTS
FRONT FORK (RXV)
DIAGRAM (RXV)
Key:
1. Left fork assembly
2.
Right fork assembly
3.
Left stanchion
4.
Right stanchion
5.
Upper bushing
6.
Seal
7.
Retainer
8.
Snap ring
9.
Dust scraper ring
10. Complete sleeve
11. Dowel + O-ring
12. Ring for spring
13. Spring Kit
14. Complete damper rod
15. Flanged TE screw
16. Tube lower bushing
17. Complete valve
18. Complete plug
5 - 21
CYCLE PARTS
5.2.2.
REMOVING THE FORK LEGS (RXV)
•
Loosen and remove the two front screws securing the
mudguard.
•
Loosen and remove the four screws securing the
mudguard.
Remove the front mudguard.
•
•
•
•
Place the front stand (OPT) in the fork bottom plate.
Loosen and remove the two screws securing the brake
caliper.
Remove the brake caliper.
NOTE The speed sensor cable is routed outside the brake
caliper and is fitted with a protection.
•
Working on the left side, loosen and remove the front
wheel shaft nut.
5 - 22
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
Working on either side, loosen the wheel shaft pinch
bolts.
•
Working on the right side, slide out the wheel shaft.
•
Remove the wheel.
•
Collect the bush.
CYCLE PARTS
NOTE The next three operations only apply to the left fork
leg.
•
Remove cable ties from the fork leg.
5 - 23
CYCLE PARTS
•
•
Loosen and remove the two speed sensor screws.
Remove the speed sensor.
•
•
Loosen and remove the three leg guard screws.
Remove the fork leg guard.
•
Support the fork leg and loosen the screws from top
and bottom plate.
5 - 24
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
CYCLE PARTS
Remove the fork leg.
5 - 25
CYCLE PARTS
5.2.3.
CHANGING THE FORK FLUID (RXV)
NOTE The following procedure applies to both fork legs.
Periodically change the fork fluid, see (REGULAR SERVICE
INTERVALS CHART).
NOTE While draining and filling fork fluid, the stanchion and
its parts should be clamped in a vice; be careful not to
tighten them too much or damage them; always use
aluminum protections.
DRAINING
Drain oil as follows:
•
Remove the fork leg, see (REMOVING THE FORK
LEGS - RXV).
•
Set fork leg (3) in a vice with safety jaws. Use a
hexagonal wrench to loosen the top cap 1.
NOTE Make sure the O-ring (2) is not damaged during
removal.
•
Push the fork leg into the sleeve.
WARNING
The fork leg/sleeve unit is filled with oil; do not
tilt it too much or turn it upside-down during
removal.
•
Loosen the lock nut indicated by the arrow, holding the
plug (1) with a suitable hexagon wrench.
•
Remove the cap (1).
•
Remove the plastic bushing (4)
5 - 26
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
Remove the spring (5). Let oil drip from the spring into
the sleeve to avoid topping up or fluid change.
•
Drain all oil inside the container as shown.
CYCLE PARTS
NOTE Pump the tube inside the stanchion to help oil drain
out completely from the damper rod.
•
Remove the preload tube.
FILLING UP:
•
Install the preload tube in the sleeve (3).
5 - 27
CYCLE PARTS
•
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
Pour fork fluid inside the sleeve (3) up to the correct
level that can be measured by inserting a graduated
rod inside sleeve (3).
Oil
level:
3.94
(100 ± 2 mm) (from leg edge)
±
0.079
in
NOTE To correctly measure the fluid level, ensure that fork
leg (3) is perfectly vertical and fully home in the sleeve.
Fluid level shall be the same in both fork legs.
•
Install in sleeve (3) the spring (5) completed with
plastic bushing (4).
•
•
Ensure that O-ring (2) is fitted to top cap (1).
Hold the lock nut and tighten the top cap (1) finger tight
onto damper rod.
•
Tighten the cap (1) onto sleeve (3).
5 - 28
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
5.2.4.
•
CYCLE PARTS
DISASSEMBLING THE FRONT FORK (RXV)
•
Drain all fluid from inside the fork leg, see (CHANGING
THE FORK FLUID - RXV).
Slide out the damper rod.
•
Clamp the sleeve in a vice, in horizontal position.
WARNING
Place a container under the bottom plug.
•
Loosen and remove the bottom plug using an air gun.
NOTE Make sure the O-rings are not damaged during
removal.
•
Slide out the complete damper rod.
5 - 29
CYCLE PARTS
•
Slide out the dust seal (1) from the sleeve prising it out
with a screwdriver.
WARNING
Be careful not to damage the tube edge and the
dust seal (1).
•
Remove the snap ring (2) from inside the sleeve, using
a screwdriver.
WARNING
Be careful not to damage the sleeve edge.
•
•
-
Firmly remove the sleeve.
The fork leg still holds:
bushing (3);
guide ring (4);
shim (5);
oil seal (6);
snap ring (2);
dust scraper seal (1).
5 - 30
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
CYCLE PARTS
Bushing (3) and guide ring (4) can be removed using a
small screwdriver; then the following parts can also be
removed:
shim (5),
oil seal (6),
5 - 31
CYCLE PARTS
snap ring (2);
dust scraper seal (1).
5 - 32
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
5.2.5.
CYCLE PARTS
REASSEMBLING THE FRONT FORK (RXV)
NOTE Take the suitable special tool OPT (A) (part no.
9100903) before proceeding and smear the gaskets and
bushings with fork fluid before refitting them.
•
-
Fit the components onto the fork leg in the following
order:
dust scraper seal (1).
snap ring (2);
oil seal (6);
shim (5);
guide ring (4);
bushing (3);
WARNING
Tape the bushing (3) groove before fitting the
oil seal in order to avoid damaging the seal lip.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Vice the fork leg using pads in soft material to avoid
damages (such as aluminum).
Fit bushing (3) in its seat on the fork leg.
Fit the sleeve to the fork leg.
Take the guide ring (4) and shim (5) fully home against
the sleeve.
Using the suitable insertion tool (A), push oil seal (6)
fully home in the sleeve.
Then fit the snap ring (2) and the dust scraper seal (1).
5 - 33
CYCLE PARTS
•
Fit the complete damper rod fully home in the fork leg.
•
Fit and tighten the bottom plug.
•
•
Fit the damper rod.
Proceed by filling with fluid, see (CHANGING THE
FORK FLUID - RXV).
5 - 34
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
5.2.6.
CYCLE PARTS
INSTALLING THE FORK LEGS (RXV)
•
Fit the fork leg.
•
Support the fork leg and tighten the two screws on top
and bottom plate.
•
Install the leg guard, position and tighten the three
screws.
5 - 35
CYCLE PARTS
•
Fit the speed sensor and tighten the two screws.
•
Refit the bush.
•
Refit the wheel.
•
Working on the right side, fit the wheel shaft.
5 - 36
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
•
CYCLE PARTS
Working on the left side, partially tighten the front
wheel shaft nut.
NOTE To lock wheel shaft rotation tighten the two screws on
fork clamp, right side.
•
•
•
•
•
Working on the left side, tighten the front wheel shaft
nut.
Tighten the two screws on wheel shaft left fork clamp.
Position the brake caliper in its seat.
Tighten the two brake caliper screws.
Remove the front support (OPT), and place the vehicle
on the side stand, see (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
NOTE The speed sensor cable is routed outside the brake
caliper and is fitted with a protection.
•
Secure the sensor cable using a tie.
•
Fit the mudguard and tighten the four screws.
5 - 37
CYCLE PARTS
•
Tighten the two mudguard front screws.
5 - 38
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
SXV / RXV 450 – 550
CYCLE PARTS
5 - 39
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Engine 450 - 550
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
6
6-1
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Engine 450 - 550
TABLE OF CONTENTS
6.1.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM................................................................................................................................... 3
6.1.1.
SXV - RXV DIAGRAM............................................................................................................................ 3
6-2
Engine 450 - 550
6.1.
6.1.1.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SXV - RXV DIAGRAM
6-3
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
Multiple connectors
Diagnosis connector
Speed sensor
Instrument panel
Repeater
LH dimmer switch
Horn
Ignition switch
Light relay
RH dimmer switch
Rear stop switch
Front stop switch
Rear LH turn indicator
Tail light
Number plate light
Rear RH turn indicator
(Buffer) capacitor
Fan
Auxiliary fuses
Fuel level sensor
Fuel pump
Safety diode
Main fuse
Starter relay
Starter motor
Battery
“ECR” relay
Voltage regulator
Generator
Oil pressure sensor
Water temperature sensor
Gear sensor
Coil 2 (rear cyl.) (mounted to the left)
Spark plug 2
Coil 1 (front cyl.) (mounted to the right)
Spark plug 1
Bank angle sensor
Intake air temperature sensor
Throttle position sensor (TPS)
Injector 2 (rear cylinder)
Injector 1 (front cylinder)
Pick-up
Pick-up cable shielding
ECU
Front RH turn indicator
Parking light
Headlight
Low/high beam light
Front LH turn indicator
Resistance
CABLE COLOR CODE
Ar
Az
B
Bi
G
Gr
M
N
R
Ro
V
Vi
6-4
orange
light blue
blue
white
yellow
gray
brown
black
red
pink
green
violet
Engine 450 - 550
Engine 450 - 550
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
6-5