Carrier INFINITY 2025 Specifications

VLT ® Series 2000
Table of Contents
Specification Chart
Page
2
Installation
Safety
Dimensions
Cooling
Wiring
Quick Setup
4
5
7
8
10
Operation
11
Programming
Group 0 -- Operation and Display
Group 1 -- Load and Motor
Group 2 -- Reference and Limits
Group 3 -- Functions and Timers
Group 4 -- Inputs and Outputs
Group 5 -- Serial Data Interface
Group 6 -- Service and Display
16
18
22
25
27
31
38
Appendix
Motor Coil and Filter Options
PI Regulation
41
42
Parameter Groups
Factory Default Settings
Customer Settings Chart
46
47
1
Installation; Safety
The VLT® Series 2000 Adjustable
Frequency Drive (AFD) contains
dangerous voltages when connected to
line voltage. Only a competent electrician
should carry out the electrical installation.
WARNING
Improper installation of the motor or the AFD may cause
equipment failure, serious injury or death. Follow this
manual and local and national safety codes.
VLT ® Series 2000
It is possible for the VLT to start upon application of AC
power. DO NOT attempt any maintenance on the VLT,
motor or system machinery without verifying that the AC
power has been disconnected.
DO NOT touch any electrical parts after the AC line has
been disconnected for at least 14 minutes. This allows
for capacitor discharge.
NOTE: The STOP key on the VLT keypad DOES NOT
disconnect the AC line.
Caution:
The motor may start without warning during operation
and programming of the parameters. Activate the STOP
key on the VLT keypad when changing data.
It is the responsibility of the user or the person installing
the AFD to provide proper grounding and branch circuit
protection for incoming power and motor overload
protection according to the National Electrical Code
(NEC) and local codes.
Danfoss VLT® and CE Marking
Danfoss CE marks our VLT® Adjustable Frequency
Drives (AFD) according to the Electro Magnetic
Compatibility (EMC) Directive 89/336/EEC and LowVoltage Directive 73/23/EEC.
When the installation specification is followed and
shielded motor cables are used per instruction manuals
provided with the drive, we guarantee the AFD complies
with the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC.
4
Upon request we will issue a declaration of conformity to
the EMC and low-voltage directives. A manufacturer's
declaration for the Machinery Directive 89/392/EEC is
also available.
VLT ® Series 2000
Installation; Dimensions
VLT 2010-2030
Single-phase, 220-240 V
Three-phase, 208-240 V
4.3
(110)
3.5
(90)
0.21
(5.5)
0.29
(7.5)
7.1
(180)
0.43
(11)
NOTE:
Minimum space above and below the unit is 4 inches.
Minimum space to the sides of the unit is 0 inches.
9.3
(235)
10.2
(260)
VLT 2010-2030 with module
Single-phase, 220-240 V
Three-phase, 208-240 V
4.3
(110)
3.5
(90)
0.17
(4.5)
0.21
(5.5)
0.29
(7.5)
7.1
(180)
NOTE:
Minimum space above and below the unit is 4 inches.
Minimum space to the sides of the unit is 0 inches.
0.21
(5.5)
0.43
(11)
14.3
(338)
14.3
(363)
0.21
(5.5)
0.17
(4.5)
5
VLT ® Series 2000
Installation; Dimensions
VLT 2020-2050
Three-phase, 380-415/460 V
VLT 2040-2050
Three-phase, 208-240 V
4.3
(110)
3.5
(90)
0.21
(5.5)
0.29
(7.5)
7.1
(180)
0.43
(11)
NOTE:
Minimum space above and below the unit is 4 inches.
Minimum space to the sides of the unit is 0 inches.
13.2
(335)
14.2
(360)
VLT 2020-2050 with module
Three-phase, 380-415/460 V
4.3
(110)
3.5
(90)
6
0.17
(4.5)
0.21
(5.5)
0.29
(7.5)
7.1
(180)
NOTE:
Minimum space above and below the unit is 4 inches.
Minimum space to the sides of the unit is 0 inches.
0.21
(5.5)
0.43
(11)
17.2
(437)
18.2
(462)
0.21
(5.5)
0.17
(4.5)
VLT ® Series 2000
Installation; Cooling
Mechanical Installation
Minimum
Clearance
4 Inches
(100 mm)
The VLT Series 2000 is cooled by natural or forced air
convection. Therefore air must be able to pass freely
under and over the unit
The VLT adjustable frequency drive must be mounted on
a flat vertical surface.
To enable the VLT to get rid of the cooling air, you must
allow free air space both above and below the adjustable
frequency drive.
The ambient temperature must not exceed 40°C so that
the VLT can dispose of its power loss.
Minimum
Clearance
4 Inches
(100 mm)
Side by Side Mounting
The VLT Series 2000 adjustable frequency drive can be
installed side by side. There is no need for any space for
cooling along the side of the enclosure.
Variable Speed Drive
Variable Speed Drive
Variable Speed Drive
Menu
+
Menu
+
Menu
Data
–
Data
–
Data
Alarm
Alarm
On
+
–
Alarm
On
On
Jog
Fwd.
Rev.
Jog
Fwd.
Rev.
Jog
Fwd.
Rev.
Stop
Reset
Start
Stop
Reset
Start
Stop
Reset
Start
VLT
VLT
LINE
®
VLT
®
MOTOR BR
VLT
LINE
®
VLT
®
MOTOR BR
VLT
LINE
®
®
MOTOR BR
7
VLT ® Series 2000
Installation; Wiring
CAUTION:
It is the responsibility of the user or the person installing
the drive to provide proper grounding and branch circuit
protection for incoming power and motor overload.
National Electrical Codes (NEC) and local codes must be
observed.
The Electronic Thermal Relay (ETR) in UL listed VLT's
provides class 20 motor overload protection in
accordance with NEC in single motor applications, when
parameter 315 is set to Trip [2] and parameter 107 is set
to nominal motor (nameplate) current.
Prefuses
Prefuses must be installed in the AC line feeding the
adjustable frequency drive.
The correct sizes and ratings can be found in the
Specification Chart.
Wiring
Cables for the control signals and the brake cable must
be shielded in order to comply with EMC specifications.
The maximum cable length and the maximum cable
cross section is listed in the Specification Chart.
Any motor cable shielding is connected to the ground
terminals in the adjustable frequency drive and the motor.
If non-shielded cables are used, the control inputs can
occasionally be subject to signal disturbances. Normally
such a disturbance will not affect the VLT.
Signal Wiring
RS 232 RXD
RS 232 TXD
A IN
DIN3
DIN4
10V
A IN
46
12
18
19
20
27
29
50
53
55
60
61
71
72
0UT
+24V
DIN1
DIN2
01
02
03
Variable Speed Drive
Line and Motor Wiring
Menu
+
Data
–
Alarm
On
Jog
Fwd.
Rev.
Stop
Reset
Start
VLT
L1 L2 L3 PE
U
V
M
W
81 82
Tmax
VLT
LINE
8
®
®
MOTOR BR
N
L1 L2 L3 PE
L3
L2
U
V
M
LINE
W
82
81
98
97
96
94 / 95
94
93 L3
92 L2
91 L1
RS 232 RXD
RS 232 TXD
A IN
DIN3
DIN4
10V
A IN
0UT
+24V
DIN1
DIN2
46
12
18
19
20
27
29
50
53
55
60
61
71
72
01
02
03
JOGGING
(par. 405)
START/STOP
(par. 402)
REVERSING
(par. 403)
VLT ® Series 2000
Installation; Wiring
Typical Wiring Example
1k
MOTOR
BRAKE
81 82
Tmax
Three-phase connection
L1
LINE
L1 L2 L3 PE
Single-phase connection
L1
9
VLT ® Series 2000
Installation; Quick Setup
Quick Setup
If you know how to operate the VLT Series and and are
familiar with the menus and parameters, go directly to the
How to Program section of this manual.
If you are not familiar with the VLT Series Adjustable
Frequency Drive refer first the Operation section of this
manual.
How to Program
NOTE: If you use a brake module, you must program
parameter 300. If you want local operation via the display
keys you must program parameters 003 and 004. To
store the data press the "Menu" key.
This setup is based on the assumption that you want
your VLT to operate with the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
External start/stop
Potentiometer connected for external speed control
Option to change rotation direction
Option to select a fixed speed (Jog)
If you have connected your VLT as shown in the Typical
Wiring Example, you must program the parameters as
listed in the chart below.
Standard motor with constant torque load without a brake module on the adjustable frequenct drive
Step
Parameter
Designation
Settings
Display Indication
1
000
Language
Choose English
ENGLISH
2
103
Motor output
Read motor plate
3
104
Motor voltage
Read motor plate
4
105
Motor frequency
Read motor plate
5
201
Minimum frequency
Set wanted frequency
6
202
Maximum frequency
Set wanted frequency
7
215
Ramp up 1
Set wanted ramping time
8
216
Ramp down 1
Set wanted ramping time
Start the
adjustable frequency
drive
This is done by supplying terminals 18 and 27 with 24 VDC from
the adjustable frequency drive's terminal 12 or by using an
external 24 VDC voltage.
9
If a brake module is mounted, program the following parameters
Step
Parameter
1
300
2
Designation
Settings
Display Indication
Brake function
If a brake module is used, choose Applied
APPLIED
Start the
adjustable frequency
drive
This is done by supplying terminals 18 and 27 with 24 VDC from
the adjustable frequency drive's terminal 12 or by using an
external 24 VDC voltage.
If you want local operation and start, program the following parameters
Step
Parameter
1
2
10
Designation
Settings
Display Indication
003
Operation site
Choose Loc/ext stop
LOC/EXT STOP
004
Local reference
Record wanted output frequency by means of the "+" and "–" keys
VLT ® Series 2000
Operation
All Danfoss VLT Series 2000 AC drives utilize the same
control card throughout the entire HP range. The VLT control
panel consists of a keyboard and a display.
VLT Control Panel
A
60 Hz
0000000000000060
USE±000000000015
Menu
Data
Alarm
Jog
Stop
Reset
+
–
On
B
C
The keyboard is used for two purposes: local control and
programming. The display communicates VLT, motor and
application information to the operator.
Located on the control panel is a red and green status LED.
When the green status LED is illuminated, there is AC power
applied to the VLT. The red LED is used for alarm indications.
In an ALARM MODE, the LED will flash.
The display is a three-line LCD display. Line A is used for
operating displays. It shows the value corresponding to the
setting in DISPLAY MODE. The set value remains in the
display line during programming of parameters. Line B
shows information about parameters and direction of motor
operation. Line C shows information about status and setup
or data value.
Fwd.
Rev.
Start
11
VLT ® Series 2000
Operation
Programming Keys
Menu
is used to enter MENU MODE from either DATA
MODE or DISPLAY MODE. MENU is also used for entering
a specific group of parameters.
Data
The
+
and
–
keys are used for scrolling through
Groups, Parameters and Data Value selections. Additionally
these keys are used for speed up and down when operating
in Local mode.
is used for entering DATA MODE or DISPLAY
MODE from MENU MODE. DATA is also used to move the
cursor in data values.
Operator Keys
Four keys are provided for local control:
Stop
Reset
Start
Jog
Fwd
Rev
With theexception of the Start key the keys can be
programmed to be enabled or disabled to prevent unwanted
use in certain applications.
Local Stop: Local Stop is accomplished by pressing the
Stop/Reset key on the front control panel. The local stop
command has been designed to override all run signals
whether local or remote. When a local stop has been made
the top line of the display will flash. The only way to resume
running from a local stop condition is to initiate a local start.
Local Forward/Reverse: Local Forward/Reverse will be
automatically disabled if remote operation is selected. In
remote, it is not possible to make direction changes from
the keypad.
Operational Modes
The VLT will be in DISPLAY MODE when the motor is
running in normal operation. DISPLAY MODE provides
various information concerning the current status of the VLT
and motor.
The
+
and
–
keys are used to scroll among
the 12 main display readouts:
• Reference
• Frequency Hz
• Display Feedback unit
• Current A
• Torque %
• Power kW
• Power HP
• Energy kWH
• Output voltage V
• DC voltage V
• Motor ETR value %
• Inverter ETR value %
12
The MENU MODE is used to select and change operating
parameters. The
+
and
–
keys are used in the
MENU MODE to select a parameter group or an individual
parameter or the data value of a given parameter.
Group
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Description
Parameters
Operation and Display
000-099
Load and motor
100-199
Reference and limits
200-299
Functions and timers
300-399
Input and Output
400-499
Serial data interface
500-599
Service and diagnostics 600-699
VLT ® Series 2000
Operation
The parameter number consists of three digits as shown.
Parameter Numbering
The left digit indicates the Group, and the two digits at the
right specify the parameter number in the specific Group.
Moving through the Program
After the first power up, the drive is in DISPLAY MODE. To
program the VLT's various Groups, use the MENU key to
enter the MENU GROUP MODE.
To travel through the available Groups, use the
+
followed by the
or
–
Menu
key
keys.
Changing a Parameter number in a Group
Parameters in each group can be entered in the selected
group by also using the
Menu
+
key followed by
–
or
key.
Changing a Numerical Data Value
The Data Value can be a continuous (numerical) value of
figures within a specified range (i.e., volts, Hz, etc.), or it
can be a discrete value represented by the text.
The new data value will be stored in the software when
leaving the DATA MODE.
Please Note: It is necessary to press
Stop
Reset
to stop the
+
or
–
. All the other data value words that can
be chosen will be shown one at a time by using the
or
–
+
key.
Due to space considerations, several words have been
abbreviated on the display.
motor before changing the data value of some parameters.
If the data value of the chosen parameter is a discrete value,
a text will appear in the display. The text shown represents
the chosen parameter. In order to change it, press
When leaving the DATA MODE, the word shown in the
display will be stored.
Please Note: In order to change the data value of some
parameters, it is necessary to press
Stop
Reset
.
Time-out
If the VLT is left in DATA MODE, a 20 second time-out will
prevent unwanted change of data.
It is possible to return to DATA MODE and program the
parameter that was blocked by the time-out with a single
The software leaves DATA MODE after 20 seconds if no
operation is recorded.
stroke on
Data
.
Note: The 20 second time-out does not occur in parameter
004, Local Reference.
13
VLT ® Series 2000
Operation
Operational Modes
Display Mode
Shows value and unit —
Defines the display —
Status, and source of control —
15.0 Hz
FREQUENCY
RUN OK LOCAL.
1
— Direction of rotation
— Setup number
Menu Mode
0.0 Hz
Parameter number flashes —
0.. = Cursor flashes
0 . .OPERATION
AND0DISPLAY 0000
— Parameter group
— Name
Parameter Mode
Flashing parameter numbe —
0.0 Hz
0 = Cursor flashes —
Selected data value —
0000LANGUAGE0000
ENGLISH000000001
— Parameter name
— setup number
Data Mode
0.0 Hz
E = Cursor flashes —
Selected data value
LANGUAGE0ENGLISH
ENGLISH000000001
— Parameter name
— Setup number
NOTE: To store the newly selected data value,
you must quit Data group, by pressing "Menu".
Alarm Mode
ALARM
Reset mode —
Cause of alarm —
NOTE: If TRIP is displayed the operation has
stopped and you must press the "Reset" key to
reset the VLT.
14
TRIP000000000000
MOTOR TRIP000000
NOTE: If TRIP LOCKED is
dispalyed you must switch off the
VLT and switch it on again. Press
the "Reset" key to reset the VLT.
VLT ® Series 2000
Operation
From any state
Menu
+
The figure below shows how to switch
between the different groups.
Data
From any state
Display Mode
60 Hz
Alarm Mode
Stop
Reset
0000000000000060
USE±000000000015
Menu Mode
Menu
Group
+
Group
+
Data
–
Alarm
Jog
Stop
Reset
Time Out
20 Sec.
No Action
–
Data
+
6
1
0
Menu
+
–
0
–
Menu
Menu
On
Fwd.
Rev.
+
000
–
+
001
–
+
00X
–
+
000
–
Parameter Mode
Start
Menu
Data
Data Mode
+
+
English
–
Deutsch
–
15
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Group 0 -- Operation and Display
002 Setup Copy ((MENU SET COPY)
Value
000 Language (LANGUAGE)
Value:
★ English (ENGLISH)
German (DEUTSCH)
French (FRANCAIS)
Danish (DANSK)
Function and Description:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
Determines the language of the display.
You can choose between English, German, French and
Danish.
001 Menu Setup Select (MENU SETUP)
Value:
★ Setup 1 (SETUP 1)
Setup 2 (SETUP 2)
Multi-setup (MULTI SETUP)
Setup
1
2
Function:
[1]
[2]
[5]
Terminal 29
0
1
You can select a menu setup which is different from the
factory setting and store it in Setup 1 or Setup 2.
Description:
You start by selecting the setup you want to make or alter.
You can choose between Setup 1 or setup 2. Then you can
alter any data value you like. Your alterations make a setup
different from the factory setting. If you choose Multi-setup
you can switch between the two setups via terminal 29. The
parameters which can be chosen for the two setups have
been specially selected. Refer to the Parameter/Default
Settings chart in the back of this manual.
★ = ROM default setting.
16
Text in ( ) = display text.
★ No copying (DO NOT COPY)
Copy setup 1 to 2 (COPY 1 TO 2)
Copy to 2 to 1 (COPY 2 TO 1)
Copy from fact. setting to 1 (Fact. setting ➔1)
Copy from fact. setting to 2 (Fact. setting ➔2)
Function:
[0]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
You can copy Setup 1 to Setup 2 and vice versa. You can
always copy the factory setting back to Setup 1 or Setup 2.
Description:
The copying starts when you have entered the desired
copying function and Data mode is left by pressing the
“Menu” key, or after 20 seconds of no activity. Line 3 in the
display flashes while copying is in progress. Time out does
not activate the copying function.
003 Operation Site (LOCAL /REMOTE)
Value:
★ Remote (REMOTE)
Local with external stop (LOC/EXT./STOP)
Local (LOCAL)
Local and remote (LOCAL - REMOTE)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
You can choose four different operation sites: Remote,
Local with external stop, Local and Local and remote.
Description:
If you choose Remote, you can control the adjustable
frequency drive via the control terminals. However, you can
still use the stop key of the control panel (provided you
have not chosen to disable this function in parameter (007).
If you choose Local with external stop you must disconnect
the connection between terminals 12 and 27 to activate
stop. Local with external stop can only be chosen if Motor
coasting, Quick stop, Reset and motor coasting or Stop
have been chosen in parameter 404 (terminal 27).
Choose Local if you want to operate the unit via the
keyboard (must be activated in parameter 007). Local and
remote adds local and external reference. This function is
selected for access to local reference even when the unit is
operated remotely.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
010 Local Reference (LOC REFERE)
Value:
004 Local Reference (LOCAL SPEE)
Value:
0 to fMAX
Function:
You choose Local reference if you want to set the speed
(frequency) via the control panel.
Description of choice:
To use this parameter you must choose Local with external
stop or Local and remote in parameter 003. the output
frequency of the adjustable frequency drive can be
changed by means of the "+" and "–" keys. If the AC line is
disconnected the value changes to 0.00. Parameter 004
cannot be controlled via the serial bus, RS 232.
There is no automatic switch back to Parameter Group from
this parameter. In parameter 010 you can lock data
changes in parameter 004.
005 Display Value (VALUE AT M)
Value:
★ 1000
1 to 9999
Function:
Yoy can choose to have the speed/frequency displayed
without the unit Hz behind the value.
Description of choice:
The value will only be read out if Display is selected in
Display Group.
It is not possible to change Hz to another unit.
006 Local Reset (LOCAL RESE)
Value:
Disable (DISABLE)
★ Enable (ENABLE)
[0]
[1]
Disable (DISABLE)
★ Enable (ENABLE)
Enable and save (ENABLE AND SAVE)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
You can enable/disable the function via the control panel.
You also can choose whether it must be possible to change
the output frequency via parameter 004.
Description:
If you choose Disable in parameter 006, 007, 008 or 009
you cannot activate the function via the control panel.
If you choose Disable in parameter 010 the output
frequency cannot be changed via parameter 004.
You can prevent data change by setting parameter 013 to
Locked.
If you choose Enable and savs a change of local speed
reference will be saved automattically after 15 sec.
013 Data Change Lock (DATA CHC. LOCK)
Value:
★ Not locked (NOT LOCKED)
Locked (LOCKED)
Function:
[0]
[1]
There is a way to avoid unintended programming.
Description:
If you choose Locked you cannot make any data change in
any parameter. However, it is still possible to change the
local reference.
If data change is attempted with data change lock, the
display shows: DATA LOCKED.
007 Local Start/Stop (LOCAL START/STOP)
Value:
Disable (DISABLE)
★ Enable (ENABLE)
[0]
[1]
008 Local Reversing (LOCAL/FWD/REV)
Value:
★ Not possible (DISABLE)
Possible (ENABLE)
[0]
[1]
009 Local Jog (LOCAL JOG)
Value:
Disable (DISABLE)
★ Enable (ENABLE)
★ = ROM default setting.
[0]
[1]
Text in ( ) = display text.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
17
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Group 1 -- Load and Motors
103 (continued)
Description:
101 Speed Control (SPEED CONT)
Value:
Open loop (OPEN LOOP)
★ Slip comp. (SLIP COMP)
Closed loop (CLOSED LOOP)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
You can choose among three different kinds of speed
control: Open loop, Slip compensated and Closed loop.
Description:
Choose Slip compensation for normal operation , where the
speed must be constant no matter what the load is. Choose
Open loop when the motors used are parrellel connected or
when synchronous motors are used.
Choose Closed loop when you want operation with process
feedback. For closed loop opereation you must choose the
feedback type in parameter 114 (current, voltage or pulses).
102 Setting of Current Limit (SET CUR.LI)
Value:
★ Pre-programmed value (VALUE SET)
Voltage signal (10VDC SIGNAL)
Current signal (20 mA SIGNAL)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
You can choose to control the speed by means of the
current limit. This makes indirect torque control possible.
The current limit is set in parameter 209, or by means of a
current or voltage signal in parameter 412 or parameter
413.
Description:
Choose between controlling the current limit via parameter
209 or one of the analog inputs, terminal 53 0r 60. 10V/20
mA corresponds to 160% current (2030: 140%).
Do not select the same signal for PI control.
103 Motor Power (MOTOR POWE)
Value:
Under size
★ Nom. size
Over size
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
This parameter allows a choice of the kW value that best
matches the rated motor power.
The factory setting will be for the nominal kW equivalent of
the horsepower size on the drive nameplate.
★ = ROM default setting.
18
Text in ( ) = display text.
Check the rated motor power on the motor nameplate. If it
is not equal to the nominal horsepower rating on the drive
nameplate, select the most appropriate size (1 HP = 0.746
kW). Parameters 107, 108, 109, 110, 111 and 112 change
automatically when the value in parameter 103 is changed.
104 Motor Voltage (UM,N)(MOTOR VOLT)
Value:
Only 200-230 V units
200 V
208 V
★ 220 V
230 V
240 V
Only 380-460 V units
380 V
★ 400 V
415 V
440 V
460 V
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
The rated voltage that most closely matches the motor
nameplate voltage can be selected.
Description:
You can choose among different voltage values. The value
is selected on the basis of the data on the motor plate.
Parameters 107, 108, 109, 110, 111 and 112 change
automatically when the value in parameter 104 is changed.
105 Motor Frequency (fN)(MOTOR FREQ)
Value:
★ 50 Hz (50 Hz)
60 Hz (60 Hz)
87 Hz (87 Hz)
100 Hz (100 Hz)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
Choose the frequency that corresponds to the rated motor
frequency.
Description:
You can choose among 4 different frequency values. The
value is selected on the basis of the data on the type plate
of the motor.
The U/f ratio in parameter 111 is changed automatically.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
107 Motor Current (MOTOR CURR)
Value:
110 Start Compensation (START COMP)
Value:
IMAG (par. 108) - IVLT, MAX (par. 209)
Function:
0.00 - 99 V/A
Function:
It is important to specify the rated motor current because it
is used in part to calculate torque and thermal motor
protection, (ETR),
Description:
The rated motor current, which can be seen from the motor
nameplate, must be entered. This is also chosen in Quick
Set Up Menu step 2.
108 Motor Magnetizing Current (MOTOR MAG AMP)
Value:
0.3 - IM,N (par. 107)
Function:
The VLT uses the value for different calculations such as
compensation.
Description:
If the factory setting is unsuitable, the motor current on
running idle should be measured with suitable
amperemeter (RMS). The magnetizing current is then set to
the measured value.
109 Start Voltage (START VOLT)
Value:
0 to (VM,N + 10%)
Function:
By increasing the start voltage, a high start torque can be
obtained. Small motors (<1 HP) normally require a high
start voltage. When motors are connected in parallel, it
may be desirable to increase the starting torque.
Description:
Do not forget to consider that the motor must be able to
start with the required torque:
1. Choose a value to make start possible with the load in
question.
2. Reduce value until starting up with the given
load is just possible.
3. Choose a value where operation in the rest of the
frequency range is possible at the lowest possible
current consumption.
If the start voltage makes normal operation impossible, you
can change the V/f ratio in parameter 111.
∆!
Using this parameter you acn make a load dependent
torque adaptation. This is for example used for motors and
applications where there is a large difference between the
motor's full-load current (parameter 107) and no-load
current (parameter 108).
Description:
If the factory setting is not sufficient, you can set the
parameter so that the motor can start at the actual load.
You can also combine start compensation with parameter
109.
∆!
WARNING: Should not be used with
synchronous motors and parallel-coupled motors
and where quick load changes may occur. To
avoid instability do not increase the value more
than necessary.
111 V/f Ratio (V/F RATIO)
Value:
0.00 - 20 V/Hz
Function:
Using this parameter you can change the linear ratio
between voltage (V) and frequency (f) to correct motor
magnetization, optimal dynamics, accuracy or efficiency.
Description:
Use this parameter only if you cannot record the correct
motor data in parameters 104 and 105.
The value can be calculated as follows:
V/f =
Motor voltage (para. 104)
Motor frequency (para. 105)
The value of the factory setting is based on no-load
operation. Therefore it is lower than the value calculated.
The compensation will give the necessary voltage
supplement.
For factory settings refer to the Parameter Chart in the back
of this manual.
WARNING: If the use of start voltage is
excessive, it can lead to magnetic saturation and
motor overheating.
★ = ROM default setting.
Text in ( ) = display text.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
19
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
112 Slip Compensation (SLIP COMP.)
Value:
120 Control Range (CONTRL RAN)
Value:
0.0 - 20 Hz
Function:
0 to 100%
Function:
Slip Compensation increases the output frequency and
voltage of the VLT adjustable frequency drive with an
increasing load to compensate for the motor's increasing
slip (loss). This achieves a load-independent speed.
Description:
Choose a value so that the speed remains constant when
the load increases. If the value is too high the speed
increases with the load. This may lead to unstable motor
operation.
When you use synchronous motors and motors connected
in parallel, set slip compensation to 0 Hz. Slip
compensation should be avoided in case of high dynamics.
114 Feedback Signal (FEEDBACK T)
Value:
Voltage (VOLTAGE)
★ Current (CURRENT)
Pulses (PULSES)
Function:
The regulator range (bandwidth) limits the output from the
PID controller as a % of fMAX.
Description of choice:
A desired % value of fMAX can be selected. If the regulator
range is reduced, speed variations will become smaller
during initial adjustment.
∆!
WARNING: The output frequency is limited by
0.9 x fMIN and 1.1 x fMAX no matter what the band
width setting is. The controller can therefore be
active without affect the output frequency can
exceed fMAX by 10%.
121 Proportional Gain (PROPRT/L G)
Value:
[0]
[1]
[2]
This parameter allows a choice of process feedback signal
in a closed loop system, as chosen in parameter 101. It has
no effect if parameter 101 is set to OPEN LOOP.
For further information, see the section on the PID
controller.
Description of choice:
If a PID controller is used, one of the inputs on terminal 29
(parameter 405), terminal 53 (parameter 412) or terminal
60 (parameter 413) must be used for the feedback signal.
The same type of signal cannot be the reference signal.
0.01 to 10.00
Function:
★ 0.01
The proportional gain sets the amplification factor of the
error (the difference between the feedback signal and the
setpoint).
Description of choice:
Quick regulation is obtained at a high amplification, but if
the amplification is too high, the process may become
unstable due to overshoot.
122 Integral Time (INTEGRAL T)
Value:
0.01 to 7200 sec.
Function:
★ OFF
The integral time determines how long the PI controller
takes to correct the fault. The integral time results in a delay
of the signal, and therefore has a dampening effect that will
improve stability.
Description of choice:
119 FF Factor (FEED FWD F)
Value:
0 to 500%
Function:
★ 100%
★ 100%
This parameter is used in connection with a PI controller.
The FF factor makes a large or small part of the reference
signal around the PID controller so that the PI controller
only affects part of the control signal. Any change of the
setpoint will affect the motor rpm directly. The FF factor
gives high dynamics at changes of the setpoint and less
overswing.
Description of choice:
Quick regulation is obtained through a short integral time.
However, if this time is set too short, the process will
become unstable. If the integral time is set long, regulation
becomes unnecessarily slow. Off means that the function is
inactive.
You can choose the required % value in the interval fMIN-fMAX
Choose a value above 100% if the setpoint variations are
only minor.
★ = ROM default setting.
20
Text in ( ) = display text.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
125 Feedback Factor (FEEDBACK F)
Value:
0 to 500%
Function:
★ 100%
The feedback factor is used if the transmitter cannot be
selected optimally for the scale range of the setpoint.
Description of choice:
This parameter is only used if the feedback signal in
parameter 114 is not of a suitable level. If you choose 100%
the feedback signal is not changed.
★ = ROM default setting.
Text in ( ) = display text.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
21
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Group 2 -- References and Limits
203 Jog Frequency (JOG FREQUE)
Value:
200 Frequency Range (FREQUE RANGE)
Value:
★ 0 to 120 Hz
0 to 500 Hz
Function:
0.0 to fMAX
Function:
[0]
[1]
Using this parameter you can set and thus limit the output
frequency range of the VLT adjustable frequency drive.
Description:
★10 Hz
The jog frequency is the fixed output frequency at which the
drive runs when the jog function is activated.
Description:
The jog frequency can be selected to be lower than fMIN
(parameter 201) but the highest output frequency is limited
by fMAX (parameter 202).
In most cases you can use 0-120 Hz.
∆!
WARNING: Only choose 0-500 Hz if you use
special motors designed for high speeds.
★0
Choose the minimum frequency that corresponds to the
minimum speed at which the motor is to run. The minimum
frequency can never be higher than the maximum
frequency, fMAX.
Description:
A value from 0.0 Hz to the max. frequency (fMAX) selected in
parameter 202 can be chosen. This is also chosen in Quick
Set Up Menu step 5.
202 Maximum Frequency (MAX FREQUE)
Value:
0.0 - value in para. 200
Function:
★ Sum (SUM)
Relative (RELATIVE)
Function:
[0]
[1]
The digital references are generated internally in the unit
and presented as a percentage of the difference between
the fMAX and fMIN selected in parameters 201 and 202, added
to fMIN.
Description:
201 Minimum Frequency (MIN FREQUE)
Value:
0.0 to fMAX
Function:
204 Digital Reference Type (DIG. REF.)
Value:
If Sum is selected, one of the digital references (parameters
205-208) is added as a percentage of the difference
between fMAX and fMIN with the other references. If Relative
is selected, one of the digital references )parameters 205208) is added as a percentage of the sum of the other
references.
205 Digital Reference 1 (REF. 1 DIG)
Value:
-100.00% to +100.00%
★ 60 Hz
★ 0 % of fMAX .- fMIN
206 Digital Reference 2 (REF. 2 DIGI)
Value:
Choose a maximum frequency that corresponds to the
maximum speed at which the motor is to run. The maximum
frequency can never be lower than the minimum frequency,
fMIN.
Description:
-100.00% - +100.00%
★ 0 % of fMAX .- fMIN
207 Digital Reference 3 (REF. 3 DIG)
Value:
-100.00% - +100.00%
★ 0 % of fMAX. - fMIN
A value from fMIN to the value selected in parameter 200 for
fMAX (120 Hz or 500 Hz) This is also chosen in Quick Set
Up Menu step 6.
When the PI controller is active the maximum
frequency can be exceeded by 10%. The same
applies when slip compensation is active.
★ = ROM default setting.
22
Text in ( ) = display text.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
208 Digital Reference 4 (REF. 4 DIG)
Value:
210 Warning: Low Frequency (LO FREQ. W)
Value:
★ 0 % of fMAX - fMIN
-100.00% - +100.00%
Function:
The digital speed references are generated internally in the
unit and presented as a percentage of the difference
between the fMAX and fMIN selected in parameters 201 and
202, added to fMIN.
Description:
By means of terminal 29 you can switch between the other
references (terminal 29 = 0 V) and the sum of the other/
digital references (terminal 29 = 24 V).
You must select Digital reference in parameter 402 and 403
to file one of the digital references:
Terminal 18/27
0
1
0
1
Terminal 19
0
0
1
1
Digital reference 1
Digital reference 2
Digital reference 3
Digital reference 4
0.3 to IVLT,MAX
Function:
Use this parameter to set the maximum intermittent output
current. If the current limit is exceeded, the output
frequency is reduced until the current falls to below the
current limit. The output frequency will not increase to the
reference level until the current has fallen below the current
limit.
Description of choice:
The value set at the factory corresponds to a load which is
160% (VLT 2030, 3Ø 208-240 V: 140%) of the rated output
current. If the current limit is to be used as motor protection,
the rated motor current must be programmed. Parameter
310 determines the length of time that the drive will run in
current limit before an overcurrent fault. The load range
between 100 and 160% can be programmed, but it is only
intended for intermittent operation therefore the unit can
only give an output of 160% (VLT 2030, 3Ø 208-240 V:
140%) for 60 seconds. The intermittent operating time will
be extended as the load drops below 110%, and becomes
unlimited at 100%.
If the switching frequency is higher than 4.5 kHz
this period will be shorter.
Text in ( ) = display text.
★ 120 Hz
Set the low frequency (fLOW) at which the warning is to
occur.
Description:
If the output frequency falls below the frequency set (fLOW),
the display shows LO FREQ. WARN.
You can also choose to program the signal outputs in
parameters 408 and 409 to give a signal.
211 Warning: High Frequency (HI FREQ. W)
Value:
0 to 500 Hz
Function:
209 Current Limit (CURRENT LI)
Value:
★ = ROM default setting.
0 to 500 Hz
Function:
★ 120 Hz
Set the high frequency (fHIGH) at which the warning is to
occur.
Description:
If the output frequency increases above the frequency set
(fHIGH), the display will read HI FREQ. WARN.
You can also choose to program the signal outputs in
parameters 408 and 409) to give a signal.
213 Warning: High Current (HI CURR. W)
Value:
0.0 to IVLT,MAX
Function:
★ IVLT,MAX
Set the current (IHIGH) at which the warning is to occur.
Description of choice:
If the motor current rises above the IHIGH programmed, the
display will read HI CURR. WARN.
You can also choose to program the signal outputs in
parameters 408 and 409 to give a signal.
215 Accel (ramp-up) Time (RAMP UP TI)
Value:
0.1 to 800 sec.
Function:
★5s
Using this parameter you can record the required
acceleration time from 0.1 Hz to the rated output frequency
(parameter 105).
Description:
To ensure the fastest possible start, choose a value for the
ramp-up time so that the current limit is not activated. The
ramp-up time is always defined as the acceleration time
from 0 Hz to the rated motor frequency.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
23
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
216 Decel (ramp-down) Time (RAMP DOWN)
Value:
0.1 to 800 sec.
Function:
★5s
Using this parameter you can record the required
deceleration time from rated output frequency to 0 Hz.
Description:
The ramp-down time can be selected in the range 0.1-800
seconds. If the ramp-down time is too short the VLT's
voltage limit becomes active, which will extend the rampdown time. Short ramp-down times will require a VLT unit
with a brake function and installation of a brake resistor.
The ramp-down time is always defined as the deceleration
time from the rated motor frequency to 0 Hz.
218 Quick Stop Ramp (QUICK STOP RAMP)
Value:
0.1 - 800 sec.
Function:
★1s
230 Digital Speed Up/Down (DIG. SPEED UP/DOWN)
Value:
★ Disable (DISABLE)
Enable (ENABLE)
Enable and Save (ENABLE and SAVE)
Function:
Using this parameter you can make the VLT adjustable
frequency drive lock the output frequency to the latest
indicated speed reference.
Description:
You can choose to have either digital speed up/down
(terminal 18/27 and 19) or other speed references. When
you have chosen Enable you must choose Speed Up
(terminal 18) and Speed Down (terminal 19) in parameters
402/404 and 403.
When Enable and Save is selected a speed will be saved
automatically after new start-up.
The other references will not be active so that the digital
references cannot be combined with other references.
Using this parameter you can choose an alternative
deleceration ramp - a programmable quick stop ramp.
Description of choice:
The ramp-down time can be selected in the range 0.1 - 800
seconds, calculated from the rated frequency to 0 Hz. If the
ramp-down time is too short the VLT's voltage limit
becomes active, which will extend the ramp-down time.
Short ramp-down times will require a VLT unit with a brake
function and installation of a brake resistor.
224 Carrier Frequency (CARRIER FR)
Value:
2.0 to 14.0 kHz
Function:
★ 4.5 kHz
The set value determines the carrier frequency of the
inverter. Changing the carrier frequency may minimize
acoustic noise from the motor.
Description:
It is possible to change the carrier frequency between 2
and 14 kHz. The disadvantages of operating at a high
carrier frequency are:
- reduced continuous output current
- reduced efficiency
- higher capacitive leakage current
- increased RFI radiation from the VLT
★ = ROM default setting.
24
Text in ( ) = display text.
[0]
[1]
[2]
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Group 3 -- Functions and Timers
308 DC Brake Voltage (DC-BRK VOL)
Value:
300 Brake Function (START FREQ)
Value:
★ Not Applied (NOT APPLIED)
Applied (APPLIED)
Function:
0 to 50 V
Function:
[0]
[1]
Using this parameter you can inform the VLT adjustable
frequency drive that a brake function and a brake resistor
have been connected.
Description:
Choose Applied if you use a brake function and a brake
resistor.
306 DC Braking Time (DC-BRAKE T)
Value:
0 to 60 sec.
Function:
★ 0 sec.
When you choose the braking time you must consider if you
want to maintain the braking torque or if you want to use a
stop function.
The DC braking time must be ≠ 0 to activate DC braking.
307 DC Brake Cut-in Frequency (DC-BRK ON)
Value:
★ 1 Hz.
Using this parameter you can record the output frequency
at which DC braking must start when ramping down to
standstill.
Description:
The cut-in frequency depends on the application. The cut-in
frequency must be ≠ 0 to activate DC braking. Instaed of
using this parameter you can activate DC braking via
terminal 27 if a DC braking time and a DC brake voltage
have been recorded.
★ = ROM default setting.
Text in ( ) = display text.
Using this parameter you can record the DC brake voltage
for the motor.
Description:
The size of the voltage depends on the motor size. The
bigger the motor the lower the DC brake voltage.
∆!
WARNING: At frequent DC-braking the DC brake
voltage should not be too high. This is to avoid
motor overload. The DC brake voltage must be ≠
0 to activate DC braking.
309 Reset Function (RESET MODE)
Value:
Using this parameter you can record how long the DC
braking must be active
Description:
0 to 500 Hz
Function:
★ 10 V
★ Manual reset (MANUAL)
Automatic reset 1 (AUTO 1)
Automatic reset 5 (AUTO 5)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[5]
Using this parameter you can choose how you want to
reset an alarm
Description:
If you choose Manual Reset you must reset the VLT
adjustable frequency drive via the keyboard or via terminals
19, 27, or 29. The display shows TRIP.
If you choose Auto Reset 1 the VLT will automatically try to
reset once after alarm. The display shows AUTO START.
As long as the display shows AUTOSTART the unit will try
to reset every 20 minutes.
If you choose Auto Reset 5 thr VLT will automatically try to
reset 5 times after alarm. The display shows AUTO START.
∆!
WARNING: The motor may start without warning.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
25
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
310 Trip Delay at Current Limit (TRIP DLY@C)
Value:
0 to 60 secs.
★ Infinite at 61
Function:
Using this parameter you can record how long the current
limit may be active before trip.
Description:
Record the delay time.
∆!
WARNING: If you choose Infinite, and your load
is between 105% and 160%, trip may occur after
a given interval.
315 Motor Thermal Protection
Value:
(MOTOR THER)
★ Off (PROTECT-OFF)
Only Warning (ONLY WARNING)
Trip (TRIP)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
The VLT adjustable frequency drive calculates whether the
motor temperature exceeds the permissible limits. The
calculation is based on 1.16 x rated motor current, as set in
parameter 107.
Description:
Select Off (OFF) if no warning or tripping is required.
Select Warning if only a warning is to be displayed when
the motor is overloaded. The drive can be programmed to
give an external warning through the signal outputs set by
parameters 408 through 409.
Select Trip if you want warning and trip to be displayed.
t [s]
2000
1000
6
5
4
3
2
PAR 105
100
2xPAR 105
0.2xPAR 105
60
50
40
30
20
10
1.0
1.2
★ = ROM default setting.
26
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
Text in ( ) = display text.
IM
IM NOM
MENU 107
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Group 4 -- Inputs and Outputs
402 Terminal 18 (TERMINAL 18 START)
Value:
★ Start (START)
Pulse Start (PRESS CONT.)
No Function (NO FUNCTION)
Speed Up (SPEED UP)
Digital Reference Select (SPEED SELECT)
Reversing (REVERSING)
Reset and Start (RESET&START)
Motor Coasting & Start (COASTING/START)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
This parameter gives the motor various start signals.
Description:
[0] Start :
24 V on terminal 18 will make the motor ramp up to the set
reference. 0 V will make the motor ramp down to stop.
[1] Pulse Start:
On selection of Press Cont. in parameter 402 and
application of a pulse (24 V) to terminal 18, the motor will
ramp up to the set reference. Futher pulses do not have
any effect. (Therefore the motor must be stopped via
terminal 27 (parameter 404).
[2] No Function:
Locks the input.
[3] Speed Up :
This is used together with parameter 230. It is possible to
make the output frequency increase towards fMAX as long
as 24 V is applied to terminal 18.
At 0 V on terminal 18 the output frequency is maintained.
Also refer to parameter 403).
[4] Digital Reference Select:
Together with parameter 403 you can choose between four
different digital references:
Terminal 18/27
Terminal 19
0
0
Digital reference 1
1
0
Digital reference 2
0
1
Digital reference 3
1
1
Digital reference 4
[5] Reversing:
If the motor reverses when 24 V is applied to terminal 18, it
will change direction again when 0 V is applied.
[6] Reset and Start:
The function can be used as start when terminals 27 and
19 are used to select between the digital references and
terminal 29 to change setup (8 digital speeds). 24 V applied
to terminal 18 resets the VLT adjustable frequency drive
and the motor ramps up to the set reference according to
the ramp-up time set in parameter 215.
★ = ROM default setting.
Text in ( ) = display text.
[7] Motor Coasting and Start :
24 V applied to terminal 18 makes the motor ramp up to the
set reference..
0 V applied to terminal 18 sets the motor coasting, running
freely until it stops. This can be used in connection with a
mechanical brake.
403 Terminal 19 Reversing (TERM 19 REVERSING)
Value:
★ Reversing (REVERSING)
Start Reversing (START REV)
No Function (NO FUNCTION)
Speed Down (SPEED DOWN)
Digital Reference Select (SPEED SELECT)
Reset (RESET)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Using this parameter (terminal 19) you can e.g. change the
motor's direction.
Description:
[0] Reversing:
Reverses the motor, when 24 V is applied to terminal 19
and changes the rotation direction again when 0 V is
applied to the terminal.
[1] Start Reversing:
Reverses the motor, when 24 V is applied to terminal 19.
The motor stops when 0 V is applied to the terminal.
[2] No Function:
Locks the input.
[3] Speed Down:
This is used together with parameter 230. It is possible to
make the output frequency drop towards fMIN, as long as 24
V is applied to terminal 19.
At 0 V applied to terminal 19, the output frequency in
question is maintained. Also refer to parameter 402.
[4] Digital Reference Select:
Together with parameter 402 you can choose between four
different digital references:
Terminal 18/27
Terminal 19
0
0
Digital reference 1
1
0
Digital reference 2
0
1
Digital reference 3
1
1
Digital reference 4
[5] Reset:
Incase of alarm the VLT can be reset by applying 24 V to
terminal 19.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
27
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
404 Terminal 27 Stop (INPUT 27)
Value:
Motor Coasting Stop (MTR. COAST)
Quick-Stop (Q-STOP)
DC Braking (DC-BRAKE)
★ Reset and Motor Coasting (RST & COAST)
Stop (STOP=PRESS)
Reset and Start (RST & START)
Speed Down (SPEED DOWN)
Digital Reference Select (SPEED SELECT)
Function:
405 Terminal 29 Jog (TERMINAL 29 JOG)
Value:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
Using this parameter (terminal 27) you can give the motor
various stop signals.
Description:
[0] Motor coasting stop:
If 0 V is applied to terminal 27 the motor will coast to a stop.
[1] Quick Stop:
If 0 V is applied to terminal 27 the motor will brake to a stop
according to the ramp-down time set in parameter 218.
A DC current brakes the motor after ramping down to 0,
according to the setting of parameters 306-308.
[2] DC Brake:
If 0 V is applied to terminal 27 the motor will brake to a stop
according to the settings of parameters 306 and 308.
[3] Reset and Motor Coasting:
If 0 V is applied to terminal 27 the motor will start coasting
and the VLT adjustable frequency drive is reset.
[4] Stop = Press:
A circuit breaker between terminals 12 and 27, when
opened briefly causes ramp-down to stop.
[5] Reset and Start:
This can be used as a start function when you use
terminals 18 and 19 to select a digital reference. 24 V
applied to terminal 27 will make the adjustable frequency
drive reset and the motor ramp up to the set reference
according to the ramp-up time set in parameter 215.
[6] Speed Down:
This is used together with parameter 230. It is possible to
make the output frequency drop towards fMIN, as long as 24
V is applied to terminal 27.
At 0 V applied to terminal 27, the output frequency in
question is maintained. Also refer to parameter 402.
[7] Digital Reference Select:
Together with parameter 402 you can choose between four
different digital references:
Terminal 18/27
Terminal 19
0
0
Digital reference 1
1
0
Digital reference 2
0
1
Digital reference 3
1
1
Digital reference 4
★ = ROM default setting.
28
Text in ( ) = display text.
★ Jog (JOG)
Start (START)
Digital Reference (DIGITAL REF.)
Pulse Input, 100 Hz (PULSES 100 Hz)
Pulse Input, 1 KHz (PULSES 1 KHz)
Pulse Input, 10 KHz (PULSES 10 KHz)
Setup Select (SETUP SELECT)
Reset (RESET)
Reversing (REVERSING)
Speed Down (SPEED DOWN)
Function:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
Using this parameter (terminal 29) you can give the motor
different jog signals.
Description:
You can set the output frequency to a pre-programmed
value (jog in parameter 203). Recording Digital reference
you can enable/disable values stored in parameters 205208.
If terminal 29 is used for either pulse signal reference (open
loop) or pulse signal feedback (closed loop) choose one of
the pulse inputs [3] - [5].
If Multi Setup is selected in parameter 001, the terminal can
be used to switch between setups 1 and 2.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Connection example where the signal is active high:
408 Terminal 46 Output (TERMINAL 46 OUTPUT)
Value:
Unit Ready (UNIT READY)
★ Unit Ready Remote Control (UNT RDY RCTL)
Enabled not Warning (ENABLED no WR)
Running (RUNNING)
Running, no warning (RUNNING noWR)
Running in range, no warning (RUNinRANGE)
Speed = reference, no warning (RUN@REF noWR)
Alarm (ALARM)
Alarm or warning (ALARM or WARN)
Current limit (CURRENT LIMIT)
Out of frequency range (OUT FREQ RGE)
Out of current range (OUT CURR RGE)
Reversing (REVERSING)
Pulse output 15 Hz - 1.5 kHz (PULSEOUT 1500)
Pulse output 15 Hz - 3.0 kHz (PULSEOUT 3000)
Pulse output 15 Hz - value par. 005 (PULSPAR005)
Send/receive RS485 (CTS/RTS-RS485)
Receive/send RS485 (CTS/RTS-RS485)
Function:
VLT
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
[10]
[11]
[12]
[13]
[14]
[15]
[18]
[19]
12
Impmin = 600
Imax = 40mA
20
Connection example where the signal is active low:
VLT
12
Impmin = 600
Using this parameter you can choose between different
output signals. The output is an open collector output and
therefore a pull-up resistor must be connected to terminal
12 (+24 V).
Description:
46
Imax = 40mA
For the pulse output the lowest output frequency is 15 Hz
and the highest output frequency is 5 Hz.
RS 485 send/receive control is used when the serial port is
connected to the RS 485 network via a RS 232/RS 485
adapter.
20
Connection example using RS 232/485 adapter:
VLT
12
12V
Impmin = 600
46
Imax = 30mA
SND/RCV
20
★ = ROM default setting.
Text in ( ) = display text.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
29
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
409 Terminal 01 Relay Output (RELAY 01)
Value:
★ Unit ready (UNIT READY)
[0]
Unit ready - remote control (UNT RDY RCTL)
[1]
Enabled no warning (ENABLED noWR)
[2]
Running (RUNNING)
[3]
Running, no warning (RUNNING noWR)
[4]
Running in range, no warning (RUNinRANGE)
[5]
Running on reference, no warn (RUN@REF noWR) [6]
Alarm (ALARM)
[7]
Alarm or warning (ALARM or WARN)
[8]
Current limit (CURRENT LIMIT)
[9]
Out of frequency range (OUT FREQ RGE)
[10]
Out of current range (OUT CURR RGE)
[11]
Reversing (REVERSING)
[12]
Description:
You can use the relay output 01 to indicate selected status
and warnings. The relay is activated when the conditions
for the selected data values are fulfilled.
When relay output 01 is not active, there is no connection
between terminal 01 and 02. The relay output is potentialfree and the maximum load is 2 A at 24 VDC or 250 VAC.
411 Analog Input Current (ANALOG REFTYPE)
Value:
★ Linear between minimum and maximum (LINEAR)
Proportional with lower limit (PROP W/LIMIT)
Function:
[0]
[1]
Is used to determine which frequency converter is to follow
an analog reference signal.
Description:
412 Terminal 53 Analog Input Voltage
(INPUT #53)
Value:
No Function (NO FUNCTION)
★ 0 to 10 V (0 to 10 V DC)
10 to 0 V (10 to 0 V DC)
Description:
Record the polarity of analog control signals to inputs 53
and 60. You can choose between voltage, current and
polarity.
If you use both inputs for reference signals the total
reference signal will be a summation.
413 Terminal 60 Analog Input Current
(INPUT #60)
Value:
No Function (NO FUNCTION)
★ 0 to 20 mA (0 to 20 mA)
4 to 20 mA (4 to 20 mA)
20 to 0 mA (20 to 0 mA)
20 to 4 mA (20 to 4 mA)
Description:
Output
Frequency
MAX
0
1
MIN
Ref.
30
Text in ( ) = display text.
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
If you are using a PI controller one of the inputs or the pulse
input must be used for the feedback signal.
If you are using current control, one of the inputs must be
used to set a current limit.
Naturally these choices block the same type of reference
signal.
When you select [1] the reference signal will not affect the
output frequency until it reaches a value equivalent to the
set minimum frequency (parameter 201).
★ = ROM default setting.
[0]
[1]
[2]
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Group 5 -- Serial Data Interface
501 Bits/Sec. Baud Rate (BAUD RATE)
Value:
500 Address (ADDRESS)
Value:
01 to 99
101 to 199
Function:
(echo)
★ 01
Using this parameter you set the bus address for each VLT
via the control panel. Howeve,r the first telegram after the
voltage connection can change the bus address. This
means that address change from the bus is no longer
possible. The echo function enables connection of several
VLT 2000 adjustable frequency drives to the same PC.
Description:
Specify an address of each unit connected. If the PC/PLC
addresses 00, all drives connscted will be written to at the
same time. The units in this case not give a reply to the
master.
address change via bus enables address change on units
without display.
The echo function is active on address 101-199, shown as
01-99 ECHO. The ring is built up by connecting Tx on the
first VLT to Rx on the next VLT.
The last unit's Tx is connected to Rx on the PC. Terminal 20
(frame) must be connected throughout, but with the PC
connected at only one end.
★ = ROM default setting.
Text in ( ) = display text.
300, 600, 1200
★1200
Function:
Using this parameter you can set the speed at which a
character is transmitted via the RS 232 port. It is defined as
the number of bits transmitted per second.
Description:
The transmission rate of the VLT must be set in accordance
with the transmission rate of the PLC/PC applied. The
transmission rate can only be altered via the control panel.
502 Data Readout (DATA READO)
Value:
★ [0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[8]
[9]
[10]
[11]
[12]
[13]
[14]
[15]
[16]
[17]
[18]
[19]
Reference (REFERENCE %)
%
Frequency (FREQUENCY Hz)
Hz
Display/Feedback (FDBK UNIT)
“unit”
Current (CURRENT A)
A
Torque (TORQUE %)
%
Power (POWER kW)
kW
Motor voltage (OUTPUT VOLT.V)
V
DC voltage (DC BUS V)
V
Motor thermal load (ETR (MOT) %)
%
Thermal inverter load (ETR (VLT) %)
%
Digital input (DIG IN CODE)
binary code
Analog input 1 (ANALOG IN 53)
in terminal 53
Analog input 2 (ANALOG IN 60)
in terminal 60
Warning parameter (WARN CODE)
binary code
Control word (CONTROL WORD)
Status word (STATUS WORD)
Alarm parameter (ALARM CODE)
binary code
Software version no.
4 digits
Description:
NOTE: Menu 502 can only be selected from the bus.
These values are read-only values.
The PC/PLC may prompt for a value from an index
between 0 and 19.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
31
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
502 Data Read-Out (DATA READOUT) continued
[15] Warning parameter messages:
Frequency low re; parameter 210
value: 32768
Frequency high re; parameter 211
value: 16384
Current limit, re; power section
value: 8192
Key blocked
value: 2048
Motor overload
value: 1024
Inverter overload
value: 512
Outside frequency range
value: 256
Current higher than par. 213
value: 128
Data locked
value: 64
Read only
value: 32
Current limit re; control card
value: 16
Overvoltage
value: 8
Undervoltage
value: 4
Can only be changed in stop mode
value: 2
Parameter limit
value: 1
Usually only one warning occurs at a time, so one of the
figures in parameter 502, index 15, will show. In the event
of several simultaneous warnings, e.g. Motor overload and
Current limit, re; control card, the two values are added;
Motor overload:
512
Current limit re; control card:
+ 16
Reading in par. 502, index 15:
528
[16] Alarm parameter messages:
Excess temperature, re; power section value: 16384
Ground connection
value: 4096
Overvoltage
value: 1024
Undervoltage
value: 512
Unspecified inverter fault
value: 236
Inverter overload
value: 128
Motor overload
value: 64
Short circuit
value: 16
VLT attempts restart
value: 8
Overcurrent
value: 4
Trip locked
value: 1
In contrast to warnings, alarms will always be combined,
i.e. at least 2 of the alarm parameters apply, e.g.
Unspecified inveter fault will usually occur with another
alarm, e.g. Inverter overload. It will give the following
reading:
Unspecified inverter fault:
256
Inverter overload:
+ 128
Reading in par. 502, index 18:
384
In case of Short circuit Ground connection and Excess
temperature, re; power section, Trip locked will also occur.
This will give a typical reading:
Groung connection:
4096
Unspecified inverter fault:
256
Trip locked
+
1
Reading in par. 502, index 18: 4353
★ = ROM default setting.
32
Text in ( ) = display text.
503 Coasting (COAST)
Value:
Digital (DIGITAL)
Bus (BUS)
Logical and (AND)
★ Logical or (OR)
Description:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control the
VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control unit's
terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters 503-510,
the digital control terminals are either dependent on or
overruled by the bus commands.
504 Quick-Stop (Q-STOP)
Value:
Digital (DIGITAL)
[0]
Bus (BUS)
[1]
Logical and (AND)
[2]
★ Logical or (OR)
[3]
Description:
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control the
VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control unit's
terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters 503-510,
the digital control terminals are either dependent on or
overruled by the bus commands.
505 DC Brake (DC-BRAKE)
Value:
Digital (DIGITAL)
Bus (BUS)
Logical and (AND)
★ Logical or (OR)
Description:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control the
VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control unit's
terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters 503-510,
the digital control terminals are either dependent on or
overruled by the bus commands.
506 Start (START)
Value:
Digital (DIGITAL)
Bus (BUS)
Logical and (AND)
★ Logical or (OR)
Description:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control the
VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control unit's
terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters 503-510,
the digital control terminals are either dependent on or
overruled by the bus commands.
507 Direction of Rotation (DIRECTION)
Value:
★ Digital (DIGITAL)
[0]
Bus (BUS)
[1]
Logical and (AND)
[2]
Logical or (OR)
[3]
Description:
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control the
VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control unit's
terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters 503-510,
the digital control terminals are either dependent on or
overruled by the bus commands.
508 Reset (RESET)
Value:
Digital (DIGITAL)
Bus (BUS)
Logical and (AND)
★ Logical or (OR)
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
Description:
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control the
VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control unit's
terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters 503-510,
the digital control terminals are either dependent on or
overruled by the bus commands.
509 Selection of Setup (SETUP SELE)
Value:
Digital (DIGITAL)
Bus (BUS)
Logical and (AND)
★ Logical or (OR)
Description:
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control the
VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control unit's
terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters 503-510,
the digital control terminals are either dependent on or
overruled by the bus commands.
510 Selection of Speed (SPEED SELECT)
Value:
Digital (DIGITAL)
Bus (BUS)
Logical and (AND)
★ Logical or (OR)
★ = ROM default setting.
Text in ( ) = display text.
[0]
[1]
[2]
[3]
Description:
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control the
VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control unit's
terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters 503-510,
the digital control terminals are either dependent on or
overruled by the bus commands.
511 Bus Jogging 1 (BUS JOG 1)
Value:
0 to 500 Hz
★ 10 Hz
Function:
Parameter 511 has the same function as parameter 203,
but is controlled via the RS 232 port.
You can change over to jog frequency, which is a present
motor speed, by activating the "Jog" key. Using this function
you have access to one additional jog frequency.
Description:
For the jog frequency you can choose a value which is
lower than fMIN, but cannot be higher than fMAX.
514 Bus Bit 4 (BUS BIT 4)
Value:
★ Quick-stop (Q-STOP)
DC braking (DC BRAKE)
Description:
[0]
[1]
See parameters 404, 306, 307 and 308.
516 Bus Reference (BUS REFERE)
Value:
-100.00% to +100.00%
Description:
★ 0
If you choose Local Reference in parameter 003 after
choosing a bus reference, the bus reference will be
transferred to local reference.
517 Save Data Values (STORE DATA)
Value:
★ Off (OFF)
On (ON)
Description:
[0]
[1]
Setting parameter 517 to On stores the downloaded values.
Data values will be stored after you have pressed the
"Menu" key.
While the unit is storing data, the display will show (SAVE
DATA) and flash in line C.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
33
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Group 5 -- Serial Data Interface
Protocol:
Using the serial RS 232 port (terminals 71 and 72) you can
read and set parameters of the VLT adjustable frequency
drive and issue reference and control commands. The
serial port can be used for point to point communication
between the VLT and a PC. Communication takes place by
means of a protocol specified by Danfoss, and using the
echo function (parameter 500) you can connect several VLT
adjustable frequency drives.
The communication protocol for the VLT Series 2000
consists of 22 ASCII characters make it possible to operate,
set and read parameters, and to receive status feedback
from the VLT adjustable frequency drive.
The data format consists of 10 bits:
One start bit (logical 0)
Eight data bits
One stop bit (logical 1)
Set the baud rate (rate of transmission) in parameter 501
and the address of each unit in parameter 500.
Data format
34
Telegram format
The communication takes place in the following way:
The master sends a telegram to a VLT adjustable frequency
drive. Then the master awaits a reply from the VLT before
sending a new message. The reply to the master resembles
the telegram sent by the master, but now contains any
updated data values and the status of the VLT.
VLT® Series 2000
Byte 1:
Start byte, which in this case must be the character
"<" (ASCII: 60).
Byte 2 and 3:
The two-digit address of the adjustable frequency drive.
This address is also programmed in parameter 500.
Sending to address 00 means transmission to all units
connected to the bus. None of the units will reply, but they
will carry out the command.
Byte 4:
Control parameter telling the drive what to do with the
following data values.
U (update)
Means that the data value, bytes (14-18), must be read into
the drive.
R (read)
Means that the master wishes to read the data value of the
parameter in bytes 9 through 12.
C (control)
Means that the drive reads only the four command bytes, 5
through 8, and returns with status. Parameter number and
data value are ignored.
I (read index)
Means that the drive reads the index and parameter and
returns with status. The parameter is stated in bytes 9
through 12 and index is stated in bytes 13 through 18.
Parameters with indices are read-only parameters. Action
will be taken on the control word.
Programming
Byte 5 through 8:
Control and status words, used to send commands to the
frequency converter and to send status from the frequency
converter to the master.
Byte 9 through 12:
The parameter number is inserted in these bytes.
Byte 13:
Used for the sign before data value in bytes 14 through 18.
All characters other than “-” are taken as “+”.
Byte 14 through 18:
Here is placed the data value of the parameter stated in
bytes 9 through 12. The value must be a whole number. If a
decimal point is needed, it is stated in byte 19.
NOTE:
Some data values have brackets with a number, for
example “[0]”. Use this number instead of the “Text”
data value.
Byte 19:
The position of the decimal point in the data value stated in
bytes 14-18. The number states the number of characters
after the decimal point. Consequently, byte 19 can be 0, 1,
2, 3, 4 or 5. For example, the number 23.75 is stated:
Byte no.
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
in ASCII character
+ 2 3 7 5 0 3
If byte 19 = 9, this indicates an unknown parameter.
Byte 20 and 21:
Used for summary control. If there is to be no control, the
function can be cancelled by means of the “?” character
(ASCII: 63) in the two bytes.
Byte 22:
Stop byte, stating the end of the telegram. The character
“>” is used (ASCII: 62).
35
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
VLT Status
The four control and status bytes are used to send
control commands to the adjustable frequency drive
when the telegram is sent from the master and to send
status from the VLT to the master when the telegram is
returned from the VLT adjustable frequency drive. The
four bytes operate as status from the VLT with the
following functions:
Status word
Byte 8
T
I
M
E
R
S
O
K
C
U
R
R
E
N
T
Byte 7
V
O
L
T
A
G
E
0
ASCII
/
1
O
K
/
O
K
O
K
/
O
V
E
R
S
H
O
O
T
V
L
T
/
/
O
V
E
R
S
H
O
O
T
O
V
E
R
S
H
O
O
T
S
T
A
L
L
S
A
U
T
O
–
S
T
A
R
T
D
O
E
S
N
O
T
R
U
N
/
R
U
N
S
O
U
T
O
F
O
P
E
R
A
T
I
N
G
R
A
N
G
E
/
F
R
E
Q
Byte 6
L
O
C
A
L
O
P
E
R
A
T
E
S
P
E
E
D
≠
R
E
F
N
O
W
A
R
N
I
N
G
/
/
/
B
U
S
C
O
N
T
R
O
L
S
P
E
E
D
W
A
R
N
I
N
G
S
T
A
R
T
E
N
A
B
L
E
D
Byte 5
O
N
O
N
N
O
3
2
/
/
O
F
F
O
F
F
F
A
U
L
T
3
2
/
=
S
T
A
R
T
R
E
F
N
O
T
/
T
R
I
P
C
O
A
S
T
/
E
N
A
B
L
E
D
V
L
T
N
O
T
R
E
A
D
Y
/
R
E
A
D
Y
C
O
N
T
R
O
L
S
N
O
T
R
E
A
D
Y
/
R
E
A
D
Y
E
N
A
B
L
E
D
L
I
M
I
T
O
K
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
15
14
13
12
11
10
09
08
07
06
05
04
03
02
01
00
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
NOTE: Each byte consists of 8 bits, but the frequency converter uses only the last 4 bits.
36
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
VLT Control Commands
OFF 1: Makes a normal ramp stop of the motor and
opens the relay output of the VLT (relay off).
OFF 2: Makes a motor coast and opens the relay output
(relay off)
OFF 3: Same as OFF 1, but the motor makes a
quick-stop.
Bit 10: This bit has to be 1, if any of the control commands
should cause a reaction.
The four control and status bytes are used to send control
commands to the VLT adjustable frequency drive when the
telegram is sent from the master, and to send status from
the VLT to the master when the telegram is returned from
the VLT. When these four bytes are used for control, they
have the following meaning:
CONTROL WORD
Byte 8
N
0
0
ASCII
/
1
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
F
U
N
C
T
I
O
N
/
R
E
V
E
R
S
I
N
G
C
H
O
I
C
E
C
H
O
I
C
E
O
F
O
F
Byte 7
N
O
N
O
D
A
T
A
F
U
N
C
T
I
O
N
F
U
N
C
T
I
O
N
/
/
C
A
T
C
H
U
P
S
L
O
W
D
O
W
N
V
A
L
I
D
N
O
T
V
A
L
I
D
Byte 6
J
O
G
J
O
G
2
1
O
F
F
O
F
F
/
/
O
N
O
N
S
E
T
U
P
S
E
T
U
P
2
1
15
14
13
12
11
10
09
08
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
N
O
F
U
N
C
T
I
O
N
Byte 5
R
A
M
P
H
O
L
D
S
T
O
P
/
/
R
A
M
P
Q
U
I
C
K
S
T
O
P
/
/
O
F
F
O
F
F
O
F
F
3
2
1
/
/
/
/
E
N
A
B
L
E
D
O
N
O
N
O
N
3
2
1
S
T
A
R
T
E
N
A
B
L
E
D
07
06
05
04
03
02
01
00
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
R
E
S
E
T
/
C
O
A
S
T
R
A
M
P
NOTE: Each byte consists of 8 bits, but the frequency converter uses only the last 4 bits.
37
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Group 600 -- Service and Diagnostics
606 Total Operation Hours (TOTAL OP HRS)
Description:
See parameter 610.
607 Running Hours (RUNNING HRS)
Description:
See parameter 610.
608 Number of Power-ups (NO POWER)
Description:
See parameter 610.
609 Number of Over-temperature (NO OVERTE)
Description:
See parameter 610.
610 Number of Over-voltage (NO OVERVO)
Description:
In formation stored by the VLT adjustable frequency drive
for later analysis.
Parameter 606-607 are only updated every hour.
★ = ROM default setting.
38
Text in ( ) = display text.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Status Messages
RUN OK (LOCAL)
UNIT READY (LOCAL)
Unit is running on reference.
Control card and power section are powered up and OK.
When the adjustable frequency drive's output
frequency is reduced more quickly than the motor
speed (due to inertia) can be changed, the motor
will act as a generator. It will send energy back to
the VLT and as a result the intermediate circuit
voltage will increase.
ENABLED STOP (LOCAL)
JOGGING (LOCAL)
RAMPING (LOCAL)
If the warning OVERVOLTAGE is displayed when
the speed is reduced, you can increase the rampdown time. If that is not possible, it may be
necessary to activate the dynamic brake function
with brake resistor. If the warning occurs in other
situations, the problem is due to the AC line.
Unit ready and Q-stop signal active.
START (LOCAL)
Enabled and start signal applied, no or too low reference
signal.
Alarm Messages
The following alarm messages are displayed after the
power section of the VLT adjustable frequency drive has
been disconnected.
Messages
Caused by
INVERTER
FAULT
Unknown error (not one of those
errors mentioned below)
OVER
VOLTAGE
a: Supply voltage too high
b: Ramp-down time too short
UNDER
VOLTAGE
Supply voltage too low or
loss of AC line phase
OVER
CURRENT
Motor current too high or wrong
motor parameter setting
Check motor parameters
Use a larger VLT
Yes, possible
GROUND
FAULT
Short circuit between VLT
power section and ground
Check installation
and cable length
No, power off required
SHORT
CIRCUIT
Short circuit between
two motor phases
Check installation
No, power off required
OVER TEMP.
VLT temperature too high
Check installation
No, power off required
OVER
LOAD
Load too heavy
Yes, possible after VLT
thermal protection is
lower than 100%
MOTOR
TRIP
Motor protection
Yes, possible after VLT
motor protection is zero
★ = ROM default setting.
Text in ( ) = display text.
Consequence
Reset
Yes, possible
a: Lower supply voltage
b: Increase ramp down time or
activate brake function to avoid
overvoltage
Yes, possible
Yes, possible
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
39
39
VLT® Series 2000
Programming
Warning Messages
Messages
Caused by
Consequence
Reset
CURRENT LIMIT
Over load
VLT decreases speed
--
VOLTAGE HIGH
Regenerative motor operation or
supply voltage too high
The power section of the VLT
stops within 5 sec.
---
VOLTAGE LOW
Missing phase or low supply
The power section of the VLT
stops within 5 sec.
--
INVERTER TIME
Inverter overload
At 98.2% load VLT displays the
following warning:
"INVERTER TIME"
At 100% load:
"ALARM OVERLOAD"
--
MOTOR TIME
Motor overload
VLT operates between 100% and
VLT operates at least 60 sec. *)
depending on the value of the
load before the power section of
the VLT stops
---
LOW FRQ WARN
Output frequency lower than the
value in parameter 210
Depending on application
Warning only
--
HI FRQ WARN
Output frequency higher than the
value in parameter 211
Depending on application
Warning only
--
Depending on application
Warning only
--
HI CUR WARN
Motor current higher than the
value in parameter 213
*) The time is reduced at a higher switch frequency.
Reset Messages
Messages
Caused by
Consequence
Reset
AUTO START
VLT tripped
The VLT attempts to restart
--
TRIP
Fault condition of the VLT or the
motor
The power section of the VLT
stops
Yes
TRIP LOCKED
Fault condition (over temp., short
circuit, ground fault) of the VLT
The power section of the VLT
stops
No, power on
Reset required
★ = ROM default setting.
40
40
Text in ( ) = display text.
Figures in [ ] are used when communicating with the bus.
Appendix; Options
Appendix
VLT
2000/2000 PACK, Motor Coil and Filter Options
1Ø / 3Ø (1 x 220-240 V / 3 x 208-240 V)
VLT 2010
VLT 2015
VLT 2020
VLT 2030
EMC and motor coil module
IP20 1-phase
195H6523
195H6524
195H6524
195H6525
EMC and motor coil module
IP20 3-phase
195H6522
195H6522
195H6522
195H6522
EMC-filter module, IP20 (VBG-4)
Motor coil option, IP00
3Ø (3 x 208-240 V)
VLT 2040
VLT 2050
195H6528
195H6510
195H6510
195H6510
195H6510
Motor coil option, IP10 (VGB-4)
195H6521
195H6521
195H6521
195H6521
LC and EMC filter module
IP20 3-phase
Motor coil module IP20
195H6527
195H6526
195H6526
195H6526
195H6529
195H6529
195H6529
195H6529
3Ø (3 x 380-460 V)
VLT 2020
VLT 2025
VLT 2030
VLT 2040
VLT 2050
EMC and motor coil module
IP20, (380-415 V only)
195H6522
195H6522
195H6522
195H6522
195H6522
Motor coil option, IP10 (VGB-4)
195H6521
195H6521
195H6521
195H6521
195H6521
LC and EMC filter module
IP20
195H6527
195H6527
195H6527
195H6526
195H6526
Motor coil module IP20
195H6529
195H6529
195H6529
195H6529
195H6529
195H6510, IP00
195H6528
195H6522, 195H6523, 195H6524, 195H6525,
195H6526, 195H6527, 195H6528, 195H6529,
IP20, Enclosure Module
3.0
(75)
4.0
(102)
3.1
(80)
195H6521, IP10
U1
V1
W1
PE
7.5
(190)
PE
U2
6.3
(160)
V2
W2
5.1
(130)
4.3
(110)
41
Appendix; PI Regulation
The following instructions will enable quick and easy setup of the PI regulation and associated parameter
settings. Detailed information about each parameter can
be found in the parameter section of this manual.
Parameter 100:
Set the load type. There are several choices in each
group but variable torque medium or variable torque
medium with AEO will suit most pumps or fans.
Parameter 101:
Select closed loop operation.
Parameter 114:
Choose the type of feedback signal the transmitter is
using. The default value is current as it is the most
widely used signal type.
Parameter 115 & 116:
Are used to scale a display read-out which is proportional
to the feedback transmitter signal. The value is displayed
only if feedback has been selected in display mode. To
get to display mode from any other mode press MENU &
DATA keys simultaneously.
If a transmitter has a range of 0-5 bar, 0 can be set in
parameter 115 and 5 in parameter 116. In parameter 117
the unit bar can be programmed.
The default values are 0 & 100, to display 0-100%.
Parameter 117:
Choose the unit of measurement for scaling the
feedback signal of the transmitter set in parameter 115 &
116. The default value is %.
Parameter 119:
The feed forward factor allows a part of the set-point
signal to by-pass the PID regulator. This gives faster
response when starting up a system where the
integration time (parameter 122) is very long, and the
system error is small.
Set at 0%. Only add 5% at a time, and only if the system
takes a long time to start up. The drawing shows the
influence of the feed forward.
Setpoint
or
Reference
(Ramps
P: 215, 216)
42
Feedforward
(P: 119)
+
e
Process
+
PID
M
FB
factor
Feedback signal
–
Parameter 120:
Controls the bandwidth of the output from PID controller.
Set at 100%.
Parameter 121:
Controls the gain of the system. For most fan and pump
systems it should not be higher than 0.9. If set to higher
values the system may become unstable.
• Centrifugal fans - between 0.1 - 0.6
• Centrifugal pumps - between 0.3 - 0.8
Parameter 122:
Improves the final accuracy by integrating out the error.
• Centrifugal fans - between 10-12 seconds
• Centrifugal pumps - between 3-8 seconds
Parameter 123:
Differential time is not used in pump and fan systems.
Set to Off.
Parameter 124:
If the feedback signal is fluctuating it can be dampened
with a time constant. This can occur on pump systems
where the pipe can be shut off quickly and cause a
standing wave of water.
Set initially to 0 seconds.
Parameter 125:
Leave at the default value of 100% unless the
following conditions occur.
• If the feedback signal does not match the standard
analog signal choices in parameter 412 & 413 a value
must be programmed which scales the feedback signal
to a standard analog value.
• When using min. speed, parameter 201, it must be
ensured that the min. speed % value is not greater than
the set-point % value, otherwise the min. speed will
over-ride the set-point.
(See example on page 43.)
Appendix; PI Regulation
Example:
The set-point is 40%, and the min. speed is 50%.
1. Selecting a new set-point. Choose a value that will
raise the set-point about 10% higher than the min.
speed.
New set-point = % min. speed x 1.1 = 55%
2. Setting parameter 125. Apply the same increase to
this parameter. 100 x 1.1 = 110%
Parameter 201:
Set min. frequency if required.
If you enter a min. speed you must observe the following:
• When min. speed is used parameter 411 must be set
to "proportional with min. limit".
• If the min. frequency % is higher than the set-point %
you must re-scale parameter 125 and the set-point.
Parameter 202:
Max. frequency is normally set to 50 Hz. Running
centrifugal pumps and fans above this speed will cause
overload of the pump or fan, as the power increases to
the third power of the speed change.
Example:
If the speed increased to 60 Hz the power will increase
by a massive 173%.
Set at 50 Hz.
Parameter 205:
The internal set-point for the regulator.
Enter the set-point % value.
Externally it can be one of the choices of the analog
values. Use of one of the analog choices will prevent its
use as the feedback signal.
The use of the internal set-point reduces installation
costs. Up to 4 internal set-points (by using parameters
205-208) can be selected by a combination of 2 switches.
Refer to the instruction manual for further information.
The set-point can be found by calculating the percentage
of required signal from the transmitter range.
Example:
A pressure transmitter has range of 0-10 bar. A set-point
of 4 bar is required.
Set-point = 4/10 x 100 = 40%
Enter 40 in parameter 205.
Parameter 214:
Use only linear ramps.
Parameter 215 & 216:
The ramps only function on starting and stopping the
system.
Enter the ramp up and down times in seconds.
Parameter 315:
Set the motor thermal protection to trip 1 if thermal
protection of the motor is required.
Parameter 411:
This parameter must be changed from its default value
when PID regulation is used.
Set to "proportional with min. limit".
Parameter 412-413:
Set the type of analog input signal for the set-point
and feedback signals. Parameter 114 has previously set
up the selection of the feedback signal type.
If parameter 205 (internal set-point) is used either current
or voltage can be used as the feedback signal.
If one of the inputs is not used it must be set to no
operation.
Normal or Inverse Control
Introduction:
The control is called normal, if the motor speed is
increased when the feedback signal goes down, and the
motor speed is reduced if the feedback signal goes up.
Typical for pump pressure systems and air handling units
in variable air volume systems.
The control is called inverse if the motor speed is
increased when the feedback signal is increased. Typical
for pit pumping where: the faster the water flows into the
pit, the faster the pump must pump out the water.
43
Appendix; PI Regulation
External Setpoint
For inverse control; modification of the setpoint and
feedback signal is required.
12
Link
Example:
A transmitter has a 0-15 foot span equal to 0-20mA. The
PID set-point must be set at 12 feet for inverse control.
• Enter 20-0 mA in parameter 413. The normal signal in
figure A is converted to an inverse signal as shown in
figure B.
Start/Stop
Parameter 402 (start)
27
16
18
+
50
53
%
mA
55
–
100
20
55
0
Figure A.
7.5
15
Ft
Normal signal from transmitter where
12 ft. represents 16mA (80%)
0
Figure B.
7.5
15
Ft
Inverted signal from par:413
12 ft. represents 100%-80%=20%
External setpoint
using potentiometer.
1 kOhm wire wound.
Parameter 412 (0-10V)
–
+
60
0/4-20 mA transmitter
parameter 413 (0/4-20mA)
VLT control terminals
Internal Setpoint
• Calculate the set point for inverse control.
12
Link
Setpoint = 100 – (4/5 x 100) = 20%
Start/Stop
Parameter 402 (start)
27
It can be seen in figure C how the set point is calculated.
16
18
% Setpoint
100
50
53
Setpoint = 20%
0
Figure C.
12 15
Feet
Internal setpoint
parameter 205
55
Set parameter 412
to (no operation)
Inverted signal from par:413 (current)
where 12 ft. represents 100%-80%=20%
55
• If the internal set-point is used, ensure that parameter
412 (voltage input) is set to no operation.
• The values in parameter 115 & 116 must be reversed.
The display at min. feedback in parameter 115 becomes
display at max. feedback and parameter 116 becomes
display at min. feedback.
• Connections and set-up are identical to normal control.
44
60
VLT control terminals
–
+
0/4-20 mA transmitter
parameter 413 (0/4-20mA)
Appendix; PI Regulation
External Manual Control Over-ride
It is often necessary to run the machine manually for
maintenance reasons.
Manual control can be carried out manually from the
keypad of all the units.
If remote control of the manual over-ride is required
additional circuitry is necessary.
For the VLT Series 3500 special parameters are available
for external manual over-ride. Refer to the VLT Series
3500 instruction manual.
The following circuit and instructions for external manual
over-ride relates to the VLT Series 3000. The proposed
control scheme is based on using 2 of the 4 menu setups. Menu set-up 1 has the parameters set for PI
operation and Menu set-up 2 has the parameters set for
manual control.
• Parameter 315; Set the motor thermal overload
protection to trip 2.
• Parameter 412; Set to 0-10 V.
• Parameter 413; Set to no operation.
External Manual Control Over-ride
12
Link
Auto
Manual
Start/Stop
Par: 402
(start)
27
16
18
1. Set parameter 001 to multi set-up.
2. Set parameter 400 to select set-up.
+
50
Manual control
potentiometer.
1 kOhm wire wound.
53
3. Install an "Auto-Manual" switch across terminals 12 &
16. This will allow selection between the 2 menu setups. The bottom right hand corner of the display will
show the menu set-up you are in.
55
4. Program menu set-up 1 for PI operation.
55
5. Select menu set-up 2 and alter the following
parameters:
60
• Parameter 100; Set to the same load type as in
menu 1. You can check the parameter data in menu
2 against the parameter data in menu 1 by switching
between menu set-ups while you are in that
parameter.
–
Internal
setpoint
Par: 205
–
+
VLT control terminals
0/4-20 mA transmitter
parameter 413 (0/4-20mA)
NOTE: All control wiring needs to be
shielded and the shield grounded to
the clamps as shown in the respective
instruction manuals.
• Parameter 107-113; Set to the same load types as
in menu 1.
• Parameter 201-201; Max. and Min. Frequency can
be set to suit manual control.
• Parameter 209; Set to the same load type as in
menu 1.
• Parameter 215-216; Set the ramp times to suit the
application.
45
VLT SERIES 2000 PARAMETER GROUPS AND FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS
OPERATION and
DISPLAY:
LOAD and
MOTOR:
REFERENCES and
LIMITS:
FUNCTIONS and
TIMERS:
INPUTS and
OUTPUTS:
SERIAL DATA
INTERFACE:
SERVICE and
DIAGNOSTICS:
000 LANGUAGE SELECT S)
ENGLISH
001 MENU SETUP SELECT S)
SETUP 1
002 SETUP COPY
DO NOT COPY
003 LOCAL REMOTE S)
REMOTE
004 LOCAL REFERENCE S)
0 Hz
005 DISPLAY VALUE S)
1000
006 LOCAL RESET S)
ENABLE
007 LOCAL START/STOP S)
ENABLE
008 LOCAL REVERSING S)
DISABLE
009 LOCAL JOGGING S)
ENABLE
010 LOCAL SPEED
SELECT S)
ENABLE
013 DATA CHANGE LOCK S)
NOT LOCKED
101 SPEED CONTROL 2,S)
SLIP COMPENSATED
102 CURRENT LIMIT CONT. S)
PROGRAMMED SET
103 MOTOR POWER
NOMINAL SIZE
104 MOTOR VOLTAGE
DEPENDING ON UNIT
105 MOTOR FREQUENCY
DEPENDING ON UNIT
107 MOTOR CURRENT 2, S)
DEPENDING ON UNIT
108 MOTOR MAGNETIZE 2,S)
DEPENDING ON UNIT
109 START VOLTAGE 2, S)
DEPENDING ON UNIT
110 START COMP 2,S)
DEPENDING ON UNIT
111 U/F RATIO 2,S)
DEPENDING ON UNIT
112 SLIP COMP 2, S)
DEPENDING ON UNIT
114 FEEDBACK SIGNAL S)
CURRENT 20mA
119 FEED FWD FACTOR 2, S)
100%
120 CONTROL RANGE 42 S)
100%
121 PROPORTION GAIN 2, S)
0.01
122 INTEGRAL TIME 2, S)
OFF
125 FEEDBACK SCALING 2, S)
100%
200 FREQUENCY RANGE
0-120 Hz
201 MIN. FREQUENCY 2, S)
0.00 Hz
202 MAX. FREQUENCY 2, S)
DEPENDING ON UNIT
203 JOG FREQUENCY 2, S)
10
204 DIGITAL REF. TYPE 2, S)
SUM
205 DIGITAL REF. 1 2, S)
00.0
206 DIGITAL REF. 2 2, S)
0
207 DIGITAL REF. 3 2, S)
0
208 DIGITAL REF. 4 2, S)
0
209 CURRENT LIMIT 2, S)
DEPENDING ON UNIT
210 WARN FREQ. LOW 2, S)
0
211 WARN FREQ. HIGH 2, S)
fRANGE (from 200)
213 WARN CURRNT HIGH 2,S)
IVLT MAX (from 209)
215 RAMP-UP TIME 2, S)
5 SEC
216 RAMP-DOWN TIME 2, S)
5 SEC
218 QUICK-STOP RAMP
1 SEC
224 CARRIER FREQ 2, S)
4.5
230 SPEED UP/DOWN
DISABLE
300 BRAKE FUNCTION S)
NOT APPLIED
306 DC BRAKING TIME 2, S)
0
307 DC BRAKE CUT-IN
FREQUENCY 2, S)
1
308 DC BRAKE VOLTAGE 2, S)
10
309 RESET MODE S)
MANUAL RESET
310 TRIP DELAY AT
CURRENT LIMIT S)
INFINITE
315 MOTOR THERMAL 2, S)
PROTECTION
OFF
402 TERMINAL 18 START S)
START
403 TERMINAL 19
REVERSING S)
REVERSING
404 TERMINAL 27 STOP S)
MOTOR COASTING
405 TERMINAL 29 INPUT S)
JOG
408 TERMINAL 46 OUTPUT S)
UNIT READY
REMOTE CONTROL
409 TERMINAL 01
RELAY OUTPUT S)
READY
411 ANALOG REF. TYPE S)
LINEAR
412 TERMINAL 53
ANALOG VOLTAGE 2, S)
0-10VDC
413 TERMINAL 60
ANALOG I 2, S)
0-20 mA
500 ADDRESS
1
501 BAUD RATE
1.2 K
502* DATA READ-OUT S)
606 TOTAL OPERATION
HOURS
607 RUNNING HOURS
503* COASTING
OR
504* Q-STOP S)
OR
505* DC BRAKE S)
OR
506* START S)
OR
507* DIRECTION S)
DIGITAL
508* RESET S)
OR
509* SET-UP SELECT S)
OR
510* SPEED SELECT S)
OR
511 BUS JOG 1 S)
10
514 BUS BIT 4 S)
Q-STOP
516 BUS REFERENCE S)
0
517 STORE DATA VALUES S)
OFF
*
DISPLAY MODE
READOUTS:
REFERENCE %
FREQUENCY Hz
DISPLAY FEEDBACK "UNIT"
CURRENT A
TORQUE %
POWER kW
POWER HP
ENERGY KWh
OUTPUT VOLYAGE V
DC VOLTAGE V
MOTOR ETR value %
INVERTER ETR value %
S)
608 NUMBER OF
POWER UPS
609 NIMBER OVER-TEMP
610 NUMBER OF
OVER-VOLTAGE
NOTE: Menu 502 can only be selected from the bus.
These values are read-only values.
The PC/PLC may prompt for a value from an index
between 0 and 19.
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control
the VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control
unit's terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters
2) AVAILABLE IN BOTH SETUPS
S) CAN BE CHANGED IN START MODE (RUNNING MOTOR)
46
503-510, the digital control terminals are either
dependent on or overruled by the bus commands.
OPERATION & DISPLAY:
LOAD & MOTOR:
REFERENCES & LIMITS:
FUNCTIONS & TIMERS:
INPUTS & OUTPUTS:
SERIAL DATA INTER.:
SERVICE & DIAG.:
000
101
200
300
402
500
606
001
102
201
306
403
501
607
002
103
202
307
404
502*
608
003
104
203
308
405
503*
609
004
105
204
309
408
504*
610
005
107
205
310
409
505*
006
108
206
315
411
506*
007
109
207
412
507*
008
110
208
413
508*
009
111
209
509*
010
112
210
510*
013
114
211
511
119
213
514
120
215
516
121
216
517
122
218
125
224
230
*
NOTE: Menu 502 can only be selected from the bus.
These values are read-only values.
The PC/PLC may prompt for a value from an index
between 0 and 19.
In parameters 503 to 510 you can choose to control
the VLT adjustable frequency drive via the control
unit's terminals (digitally) and or via the bus.
When using Logical and Bus values in parameters
503-510, the digital control terminals are either
CUSTOMER PARAMETER SETTINGS
dependent on or overruled by the bus commands.
47