Yamaha MY16-C User guide

User Guide
Dante-MY16-AUD
Copyright
© 2014 Audinate Pty Ltd All Rights Reserved.
Audinate®, the Audinate logo and Dante are trademarks of Audinate Pty Ltd.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Audinate products are protected by one or more of US Patents 7747725, 8005939, 7978696 , 8171152 and other
patents pending or issued, see www.audinate.com/patents.
Legal Notice and Disclaimer
Audinate retains ownership of all intellectual property in this document.
The information and materials presented in this document are provided as an information source only. While
effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information, no guarantee is given nor
responsibility taken by Audinate for errors or omissions in the data.
Audinate is not liable for any loss or damage that may be suffered or incurred in any way as a result of acting on
information in this document. The information is provided solely on the basis that readers will be responsible for
making their own assessment, and are advised to verify all relevant representation, statements and information
with their own professional advisers.
Document Version
Dante-MY16-AUD User Guide version 1.41, published August 2014.
Contacts
Audinate Pty Ltd
Level 1, 458 Wattle Street
Ultimo NSW 2007
AUSTRALIA
Tel. +61 2 8090 1000
Postal address
Audinate Pty Ltd
PO Box 855
Broadway NSW 2007
AUSTRALIA
Audinate Inc
USA Tel: +1 503 224 2998
info@audinate.com
www.audinate.com
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Copyright ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Legal Notice and Disclaimer ..................................................................................................................................................... 2
Document Version ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Contacts ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Important Notices........................................................................................................................... 5
Warning ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 5
Information for Users on Collection and Disposal of Old Equipment .............................................................................. 5
Regulatory Information ............................................................................................................................................................ 6
Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 7
About Audinate .......................................................................................................................................................................... 7
About Dante................................................................................................................................................................................ 7
Package Contents ........................................................................................................................... 8
Getting Started: about this User Guide ......................................................................................... 8
About your Dante-MY16-AUD ....................................................................................................... 9
Dante-MY16-AUD Specifications............................................................................................................................................. 9
Dante-MY16-AUD Connectors and Indicators ....................................................................................................................10
Installing your card ....................................................................................................................... 12
Before you install .....................................................................................................................................................................12
To Install ....................................................................................................................................................................................12
Removing your card.................................................................................................................................................................13
About your Audinate Software .................................................................................................... 14
What is Dante Controller?......................................................................................................................................................14
What is the Dante Virtual Soundcard?.................................................................................................................................15
Obtaining your Audinate Software .............................................................................................. 17
Registering your Dante-MY16-AUD ......................................................................................................................................17
Obtain your Dante Virtual Soundcard License ID...............................................................................................................17
Downloading Dante Controller..............................................................................................................................................17
Downloading and Activating the Dante Virtual Soundcard..............................................................................................18
Connecting to a network .............................................................................................................. 19
Before you set up your Network: Important Notes ...........................................................................................................19
Gigabit Ethernet Support .................................................................................................................................................19
Choosing a Gigabit Ethernet Switch ...............................................................................................................................19
Choosing Ethernet Cabling...............................................................................................................................................19
Network Configuration Options ............................................................................................................................................20
Straight-through connection to your PC .......................................................................................................................20
Connection via a Gigabit Switch......................................................................................................................................20
Connection via a Redundant Network .................................................................................................................................21
UNSUPPORTED Dante Network Configurations .................................................................................................................23
Connecting Primary and Secondary redundant networks to the same switch ......................................................23
HA Remote ................................................................................................................................................................................24
HA Remote Chain Example 1 ...........................................................................................................................................24
HA Remote Chain Example 2 ...........................................................................................................................................24
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Mode Selection ..................................................................................................................................................................25
Special Considerations......................................................................................................................................................26
Dante-MY16-AUD Basic Operation .............................................................................................. 27
Pre-operation checklist...........................................................................................................................................................27
Using Dante Controller ...........................................................................................................................................................27
Setting up audio routes ..........................................................................................................................................................28
Configuring your card..............................................................................................................................................................28
Identifying individual Dante-MY16-AUD cards.............................................................................................................29
Dante-MY16-AUD Device name......................................................................................................................................29
Dante-MY16-AUD default Sample rate .........................................................................................................................30
Dante-MY16-AUD Advanced Configuration with Dante Controller ........................................... 31
Unicast and Multicast Modes ................................................................................................................................................31
Setting Latency .........................................................................................................................................................................32
Configuring the Dante-MY16-AUD clock .............................................................................................................................33
Master Clock.......................................................................................................................................................................34
Checking clock configuration.................................................................................................................................................34
Configuring your Yamaha Equipment .......................................................................................... 35
Upgrading Firmware................................................................................................................................................................36
Troubleshooting............................................................................................................................ 37
Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................37
Network Configuration – Gigabit Ethernet .........................................................................................................................37
PC / Mac network configuration ...........................................................................................................................................38
Checking your PC or Mac IP configuration....................................................................................................................39
Switch configuration and Cabling .........................................................................................................................................39
Symptoms of switch or cabling issues ...........................................................................................................................39
Switch and Cabling Checklist ...........................................................................................................................................39
PC Configuration ......................................................................................................................................................................40
Dante Configuration: Sample Rate .......................................................................................................................................40
Sample rate configuration checklist...............................................................................................................................40
Symptom: audio only appears on every second channel @96kHz...........................................................................40
Dante Configuration: Clock ....................................................................................................................................................41
How do I know if my Clock is incorrectly configured? ................................................................................................41
How do I fix it? ...................................................................................................................................................................41
Symptom: orange “Error” light with green “Sync” light .............................................................................................41
Symptom: Red “Sync” light with orange “Error” light ................................................................................................41
ANNEX A: Dante Synchronization and Clocking .......................................................................... 42
Dante Clock Types....................................................................................................................................................................42
The Dante PTP Master Clock..................................................................................................................................................42
Dante Clock Settings................................................................................................................................................................42
Dante Clocking and Redundancy...........................................................................................................................................43
Clock Status Monitoring .........................................................................................................................................................43
How to configure Dante clocking..........................................................................................................................................44
Automatically .....................................................................................................................................................................44
Choose an external clock for the Dante network to use ............................................................................................44
Manually choose a Dante PTP Master Clock ................................................................................................................44
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Important Notices
Warning
To avoid the possibility of personal physical injury or damage to the card, always take sensible precautions when
using this card including but not limited to the following:

Only install the card in compatible Yamaha audio devices and observe any restrictions on the max imum
number of expansion cards that can be simultaneously installed.
For more information see the Yamaha Pro Audio web site www.yamahaproaudio.com

Do not attempt to modify the card or disassemble it.

Disconnect the power cable of the audio device before installing this card. Turn off any peripheral devices
connected to the audio device and unplug all related cables.

Handle the card carefully and avoid touching exposed connectors and metal parts.

Drain any static electricity from your body or clothing befor e handling the card.

Do not drop the card or subject it to physical shock.

Avoid loose screws or other extraneous metal objects coming into contact with the card when installed
and powered up.

Do not expose the card to sudden temperature changes from cold to hot.

Do not expose the card to rain or moisture.

Avoid installing this unit where foreign objects may fall onto this unit and/or this unit may be exposed to
liquid dripping or splashing.
Audinate cannot be held responsible for any loss or destruction of data or damage caused
by improper use of or modifications to the device.
Information for Users on Collection and Disposal of Old
Equipment
This symbol on the products, packaging, and/or accompanying documents means that used electrical
and electronic products should not be mixed with general household waste. For proper treatment,
recovery and recycling of old products, please take them to applicable collection points, in accordance
with your national legislation and the Directives 2002/96/EC. By disposing of these products correctly,
you will help to save valuable resources and prevent any potential negative effects on human health
and the environment which could otherwise arise from inappropriate waste handling. For more
information about collection and recycling of old products, please contact your local municipality, your waste
disposal service or the point of sale where you purchased the items.
For business users in the European Union
If you wish to discard electrical and electronic equipment, please contact your dealer or supplier for further
information.
Information on Disposal in other Countries outside the European Union
This symbol is only valid in the European Union. If you wish to discard these items, please contact your local
authorities or dealer and ask for the correct method of disposal.
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Regulatory Information
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A)
IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the
instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC
requirements. Modifi cations not expressly approved
by Audinate may void your authority, granted by the
FCC, to use the product.
IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to
accessories and/or another product use only high
quality shielded cables. Follow all installation
instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void
your FCC authorization to use this product in the
USA.
NOTE: This product has been tested and found to
comply with the requirements listed in FCC
Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B” digital devices.
Compliance with these requirements provides a
reasonable level of assurance that your use of this
product in a residential environment will not result
in harmful interference with other electronic
devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does not
guarantee that interference will not occur in all
installations. If this product is found to be the source
of interference, which can be determined by turning
the unit "OFF' and "ON", please try to eliminate the
problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is
being affected by the interference. Utilize power
outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker
or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/so In the case
of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the
antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon
lead, change the lead-in to coaxial type cable. If
these corrective measures do not produce
satisfactory results, please contact the local retailer
authorized to distribute this type of product. If you
cannot locate the appropriate retailer, please
contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic
Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena
Park, CA 90620. The above statements apply ONLY
to those products distributed by Yamaha
Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
*This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA
(Class B)
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
COMPLIANCE INFORMATION STATEMENT
CANADA
(DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY PROCEDURE)
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Responsible Party : Yamaha Corporation of America
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme
NMB-003 du Canada.
Address : 6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620
Telephone : 714-522-9011
Type of Equipment : Dante INTERFACE CARD
Model Name : Dante-MY16-AUD
• This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha Canada
Music Ltd. (class B)
• Ceci ne s’applique qu’aux produits distribués par Yamaha
Canada Musique Ltée.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2) this device must accept any interference received including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
See user manual instructions if interference to radio reception is
suspected.
* This applies only to products distributed by
YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA. (FCC DoC)
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Introduction
About Audinate
Audinate Pty Ltd is a leading developer of media networking technology whose products and solutions are
transforming the way the world interconnects multimedia systems. Audinate’s rapidly growing customer base
spans the broader international AV industry and includes many key industry brands.
Audinate’s hardware and software products and solutions are founded on patented technologies invented by its
world-class networking experts. They enable manufacturers and AV system solution providers to produce
sophisticated, easy to use, pro-audio quality AV solutions over standard IP networks.
Audinate is based in the United States and in Sydney, Australia.
Digital Media Networking Perfected
About Dante
Audinate’s Dante technology provides high performance digital media networking that meets the quality and
performance requirements of professional live sound, AV installations and broadcast and recording systems.
Designed to fully exploit the capabilities of today and tomorrow’s networking equipment, Dante provides media
transport mechanisms that eliminate many traditional audio network design restrictions. Dante makes it easy to
set up robust, flexible digital audio networks with virtually unrestricted performance. A Dante network can be
designed with mixed Gigabit and 100Mbps network speeds, simultaneously support audio with different sample
rates and bit depths, and even allow the design of network zones with different latencies.
Dante is built on Internet Protocols — not just Ethernet. Because it uses standard IP over Ethernet, Dante is
capable of running on inexpensive off-the-shelf computer networking hardware, and with the use of standard QoS
can share installed networks with other data and computing traffic.
Dante provides sample-accurate synchronization and can deliver the very low latency required by professional
audio. Dante’s network-centric, audio-independent approach to synchronization allows perfectly synchronized
playout across different audio channels, devices and networks, even over multiple switch hops.
Dante makes networking a true plug-and-play process, allowing automatic device discovery and system
configuration. Dante-enabled devices will automatically setup their network configuration and advertise
themselves and their channels on the network, reducing complicated, error -prone set-up procedures. Instead of
“magic numbers”, networked devices and their input and output signals can be named to make sense to the user.
Dante is not restricted to allowing configuration and transmission of audio channels. Dante also provides
mechanisms to send or receive control and monitoring information across the Dante IP network, including
equipment-specific messages and control specified and developed by a particular manufacturer.
With its strong foundations and links to current and evolving network standards, Dante is able to deliver a level of
future proofing otherwise unavailable in other types of digital audio transportation. Dante was designed for
Gigabit networks from its inception, and Dante as it exists today already incorporates aspects of the emerging AVB
networking standards. Continued evolution of its networki ng technology is an integral part of the Dante roadmap.
Dante technology is available in ready-to-implement hardware and software products, reference designs and
development APIs.
For more information, please visit the Audinate website at www.audinate.com.
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Package Contents
The following items are included with your Dante-MY16-AUD. Check to ensure you have everything listed here.
 Dante-MY16-AUD card in unopened anti -static bag
 Printed Getting Started Guide
 ‘Download Your Software’ card
Getting Started: about this User Guide
This User Guide has been designed to provide you with the information you will need to install and operate your
Dante-MY16-AUD card in your Yamaha equipment.
To start using your Dante-MY16-AUD card and recording and playing back audio, follow the steps below.
 Install your Dante-MY16-AUD card(s)
Refer to the section About your Dante-MY16-AUD for details about your card specification and
installation instructions.
 Register your Dante-MY16-AUD and obtain your Dante Virtual Soundcard License ID
Refer to the section Obtaining your Audinate Software for details.
 Download and Install your Audinate software
Refer to the section Obtaining your Audinate Software for details.
 Set up your Dante network
Refer to the section Go to Audinate’s website: www.audinate.com.
1.
Navigate to ‘Products’ -> ‘Dante Virtual Soundcard’.
2.
Under ‘Download’, choose your operating system.
3.
Click the red button to go to the relevant release.
4.
Click the hyperlink under ‘File downloads’ to download the installer.
When you first run Dante Virtual Soundcard you will need to activate it, using a valid Dante Virtual
Soundcard license ID.
Connecting to a network for details.
 Configure your Dante-MY16-AUD card(s) in your Yamaha equipment
Refer to the sections Dante-MY16-AUD Basic Operation and Configuring your Yamaha Equipment for
details.
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About your Dante-MY16-AUD
The Dante-MY16-AUD card is an expansion card for use with compatible Yamaha professional audio equipment. It
allows the transmission and reception of up to 16 bidirectional channels of 48kHz, 24 -bit uncompressed digital
audio data complying with Audinate’s Dante™ audio networking standard (8 bidirectional channels at 96kHz, 24bit).
The Dante-MY16-AUD card has a fully compatible Yamaha Mini -YGDAI standard interface connector allowing it to
be installed in a range of compatible Yamaha equipment.
Gigabit Ethernet connectors ensure low latency, high-quality synchronization audio.
Primary network
interface
Secondary network interface for
use with redundant network
Dante-MY16-AUD Specifications
Gigabit Network Support
Redundancy
Synchronization
2 x Gigabit (1000Mbps) Ethernet RJ45 connectors
Supports glitch-free Dante audio redundancy with dual Ethernet networks
High quality on-board VCXO clock can provide master clock OR slave from
audio equipment; automatic synchronization with Dante network
Supported Sample Rates
48kHz and 96kHz
Audio channels
16 bidirectional @ 48kHz OR 8 bidirectional @ 96kHz
Sample bit-depth
24 bit PCM
Serial port
For support of HA Remote on capable Yamaha products
Expandable
Install up to four Dante-MY16-AUD cards in available MY16-compatible slots
for up to 64 bidirectional audio channels
Compatible Yamaha
Compatible with a range of digital mixing consoles, processors and power
equipment*:
amps equipped with MY16-interface compatible card slots, including:
Digital Mixers CL5/3/1, QL5/1, PM5D, DSP5D, M7CL, LS9, DM2000, DM1000, 02R96, 01V96,
01V96i
Processors DME24N, DME64N, MTX5-D
Power Amps TX4n/5n/6n
* For latest information, please see the Yamaha Pro Audio web site at www.yamahaproaudio.com
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Dante-MY16-AUD Connectors and Indicators

Primary RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet connector
Always used.

Secondary RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet connector for use when glitch free redundancy is required.
5.
In redundancy mode, a failure on either connection will not cause an interruption to the audio
See the Go to Audinate’s website: www.audinate.com.
6.
Navigate to ‘Products’ -> ‘Dante Virtual Soundcard’.
7.
Under ‘Download’, choose your operating system.
8.
Click the red button to go to the relevant release.
9.
Click the hyperlink under ‘File downloads’ to download the installer.
When you first run Dante Virtual Soundcard you will need to activate it, using a valid Dante Virtual
Soundcard license ID.
Connecting to a network section for more information on setting up redundant networks.

Link status / activity LED
Green indicates an established link; flashing indicates link activity.

Gigabit link status LED
Orange indicates an established Gigabit Ethernet link.

Serial port
For Yamaha HA Remote. Requires a straight-through DB9 (DE9) serial cable with a male connector.

Status LEDs
The status LEDs indicate the following conditions:

System – Indicates the status of the Dante system on this card.
A Green light indicates the system is operating properly.
An amber or red light indicates that the system has failed to boot correctly.

Sync – Indicates the synchronization status of the Dante device.
A solid green light indicates that the device is a network slave and is sync hronized to the
network master.
A flashing green light indicates that the devi ce is the network clock master.
An orange light indicates the syncing is in progress. A red light indicates a network
synchronization error. Obtaining network sync may take up to 45 seconds.

Serial – indicates Rx and Tx activity via either the external or HA remote serial port
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
Error – Indicates Dante-host equipment synchronization state or network issues.
Solid green indicates that the Yamaha host equipment and the Dante-MY16-AUD card are in
lock.
Solid orange indicates that the Yamaha host equipment and the Dante-MY16-AUD card are
not in lock. Obtaining sync lock may take up to 45 seconds when multiple cards are installed.
If sync is not achieved in 45 seconds check the word clock configuration in both the DanteMY16-AUD the card and the Yamaha equipment.
Intermittent periods of solid red indicate network errors are being detected (such as
dropped or corrupt packets).

All LEDs flashing green
All LEDs will flash green when the card’s Identify function has been activated using Dante
Controller.

All LEDs solid red
If all LEDs are solid red it indicates that the Dante-MY16-AUD card has encountered errors
on boot and entered failsafe mode.
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Installing your card
Before you install
Before you install the Dante-MY16-AUD card, you should note down:
 The Serial Number of the card
This is printed both on the Dante-MY16-AUD box, and on a label on the card itself as
S/N: XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX
 The last 6 characters of the MAC address of the card
This is printed on a label on the card itself. The last six characters of the MAC address of the card are
used in the default device name.
e.g.: Dante-MY16-AUD card with MAC address 00:1D:C1:03:01:C4 will show as
MY16-0301C4
in Dante Controller until it is given a more suitable name.
If you are installing more than one card, this will allow you to easily identify which card you have
installed in which slot when viewing them on Dante Controller in order to configure or rename them
appropriately.
To Install
To install your Dante-MY16-AUD card in your chosen compatible Yamaha equipment, please carefully follow the
instructions below. For instructions relating to specific Yamaha equipment, please refer to the Manual for that
equipment.
 Important note: Please observe normal antistatic precautions when handling sensitive electronic
equipment to avoid damage.
1.
Check that your Yamaha equipment has a compatible, empty MY16 slot.
2.
Turn off the power to your Yamaha equipment
3.
Remove the screws from the cover of the empty MY16 slot.
4.
Store the blank slot cover and its screws in a safe place for later use.
5.
Remove the Dante-MY16-AUD from its anti-static bag.
6.
Carefully slide the Dante-MY16-AUD card into the slot, ensuring the card is sitting within the guide rails .
Ensure top guide rail sits
above Dante-MY16-AUD
card; bottom guide rail is
not visible
7.
After checking the card is within the guide rails, fully install the card by pushing it firmly until the faceplate
is flush with the back of the Yamaha equipment.
8.
Screw the thumbscrews into place.
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Removing your card
To remove your Dante-MY16-AUD card, please carefully follow the instructions below.
1.
Turn off the power to your Yamaha equipment
2.
Unscrew the thumbscrews just enough that they are loose from the host Yamaha equipment, but still
fastened to the Dante-MY16-AUD faceplate.
3.
Using the thumbscrews, pull the card firmly and horizontally towards you to remove.
4.
Replace the blank slot cover and its screws.
5.
Store the Dante-MY16-AUD back in its anti-static bag and packaging while not in use.
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About your Audinate Software
To configure and use your Dante-enabled Yamaha equipment to route audio over a network, you need to install
Dante Controller on a PC or Mac on the Dante network.
To record and play out audio direct to your PC or Mac, you need to install the Dante Virtual Soundcard.
What is Dante Controller?
Dante Controller is a software application provided by Audinate which allows users to configure and route audio
around Dante networks. It is available for PCs running Windows (7, 8, and 8.1), and Apple Macs running OS X
(10.7.5, 10.8.5 and 10.9).
 You must have Dante Controller installed on a PC or Mac on your Dante network to control and
route audio. It can be installed on the same PC or Mac as Dante Virtual Soundcard.
Figure 1 - Dante Controller network view showing named and labeled Dante-enabled audio devices
Dante Controller can be installed on a PC or Mac. Once you connect Dante Controller to a Dante network, you can:
 View all Dante-enabled audio devices and their Dante audio channels
 View device clock and network settings
 Set up audio channels (subscriptions) between channels on these devices, and view the state of
existing subscriptions
 Change the labels of transmitted audio channels from numbers to names that suit you
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 Customize the device latency (latency before playout) for either individual devices or groups of
devices
 Save and reapply audio routing presets
 Edit presets offline, and apply as configurations for new network deployments
 View device latency statistics, for supported devices (including the Dante-MY16-AUD)
 View clock status statistics
 View multicast bandwidth across the network, and transmit and receive bandwidth for each device
 Inspect advanced configuration options including
o
Changing the device name
o
Changing sample rate and clock settings
o
Viewing detailed network information
o
Viewing firmware and license information
 Please read the Dante Controller User Guide for information describing how to install, configure
and use the Dante Controller software.
What is the Dante Virtual Soundcard?
The Dante Virtual Soundcard is a software application that turns your PC or Mac into a Dante-enabled device,
allowing Dante audio traffic to be transmitted and received using the standard Ethernet p ort. No additional
hardware is required.
On Windows, the Dante Virtual Soundcard uses WDM or Steinberg’s ASIO audio interface, and can be used with
any audio application that supports WDM or ASIO. On Mac OSX the Dante Virtual Soundcard uses the standard
Core Audio interface, and can be used by almost any standard audio application.
Once you install the Dante Virtual Soundcard on a PC or Mac and connect it to the Dante network, you can:
 View and change the current audio sample rate
 Customize the receive latency (latency a receiving device should use before playout)
 View and set your Ethernet network interface, and view network interface details
 Start and stop the Dante Virtual Soundcard
On Windows you can also:
 View and set ASIO-specific parameters
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Figure 2 - Running Dante Virtual Soundcard with active network link
 Please read the Dante Virtual Soundcard User Guide for information describing how to install,
configure and use the Dante Virtual Soundcard software.
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Obtaining your Audinate Software
Registering your Dante-MY16-AUD
You can register your Dante-MY16-AUD card to receive notifications of product firmware upgrades and updates,
which Audinate strongly recommends.
You need to have the serial number of your Dante-MY16-AUD card ready when you register. You can find the serial
number printed:
 On the Dante-MY16-AUD box label
 On a label on the Dante-MY16-AUD card itself
The serial number is printed in the format:
S/N: XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX.
To register your Dante-MY16-AUD card, go to:
http://www.audinate.com/Dante-MY16-AUD/
Obtain your Dante Virtual Soundcard License ID
 Please read the Dante Virtual Soundcard User Guide for detailed information about minimum
system requirements, installation and activation
Included with your Dante-MY16-AUD is a DVS token, which can be redeemed for a Dante Virtual Soundcard license
ID.
You should have received a ‘Download Your Software’ card in your product packaging, with your DVS token printed
on it:
You can redeem the DVS token for a Dante Virtual Soundcard license ID at:
www.audinate.com/RedeemDVSToken
If you do not have a ‘Download Your Software’ card, please contact your equipment vendor.
The license ID can then be used to acti vate Dante Virtual Soundcard.
 Note that the Dante Virtual Soundcard License ID is not the same as the Dante-MY16-AUD card
serial number.
Downloading Dante Controller
The Dante Controller software is available for download from Audinate’s website.
To download a copy of Dante Controller:
1.
Go to Audinate’s website: www.audinate.com.
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2.
Navigate to ‘Products’ -> ‘Dante Controller’.
3.
Under ‘Download’, choose your operating system.
4.
Click the red button to go to the relevant release.
5.
Click the hyperlink under ‘File downloads’ to download the installer.
Downloading and Activating the Dante Virtual Soundcard
The Dante Virtual Soundcard is available for download from Audinate’s website.
To download a copy of the Dante Virtual Soundcard:
10. Go to Audinate’s website: www.audinate.com.
11. Navigate to ‘Products’ -> ‘Dante Virtual Soundcard’.
12. Under ‘Download’, choose your operating system.
13. Click the red button to go to the relevant release.
14. Click the hyperlink under ‘File downloads’ to download the installer.
When you first run Dante Virtual Soundcard you will need to activate it, using a valid Dante Virtual
Soundcard license ID.
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Connecting to a network
In order to configure and use your Dante-MY16-AUD card, you will need to set up an Ethernet network connecting
your card(s), your PC or Mac running Dante Controller and Dante Virtual Soundcard, and any other Dante-enabled
audio equipment you may have.
Before you set up your Network: Important Notes
Gigabit Ethernet Support
Your Dante-MY16-AUD cards have been desi gned to perform with Gigabit Ethernet networks.
 Connecting your Dante-MY16-AUD card to older 100Mbit/s Ethernet switches or equipment is
not supported.

When connecting your Dante-MY16-AUD card to a switch, make sure it supports Gigabit Ethernet and you
are connected to a Gigabit Ethernet port.

If you are connecting a single Dante-MY16-AUD directly to a PC or Mac, make sure it has a Gigabit
Ethernet network interface
Choosing a Gigabit Ethernet Switch
There are a number of available and affordable standard Gigabit Ethernet switches that enable you to get the best
performance out of your Dante network.
Dante uses standard Ethernet and IP Quality of Service (QoS) to ensure its high-quality synchronization is not
affected even on loaded networks. Switch features to look for on a product datasheet include:

DSCP-based QoS support with four queues and strict priority queuing

Filtering and ACL support

If you need to run long cables, consider fiber support including SFP pluggable modules

Managed switches allow you to manage the switch and monitor network performance, and are
recommended for installs

The new EEE (Energy Efficient Ethernet) functions can interfere with real -time low latency audio traffic.
We recommend testing for correct operation of EEE-capable switches, or selecting switches where EEE
can be disabled, should it be necessary to do so.
 If you have chosen a switch that has been used before, you may need to check its settings to
ensure it doesn’t have an incompatible configuration loaded.
For more information about choosing switches, please visit the Support section of the Audinate website.
Choosing Ethernet Cabling
Dante uses completely standard Ethernet and IP, so it also uses standard Ethernet cabling, including Cat5e, Cat6
and fiber.
 Make sure your Cat5e and Cat6 Ethernet cables are in good condition and have intact locking
tabs.
Remember that Cat5e and Cat6 cabling has a limit of 100 meters at speeds of 1Gbps. If you require longer
distances, you can use fiber.
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Network Configuration Options
Straight-through connection to your PC
This configuration is applicable if you want to record and playback directly to and from your PC or Mac, you are
only using one Dante-MY16-AUD card, and you do not have any other Dante-enabled audio equipment.
It is also applicable if you simply need to connect your Dante-MY16-AUD card directly to another Dante-enabled
audio device.
In these cases, you can connect your Dante-MY16-AUD card to your PC or other Dante-enabled equipment directly
using a standard Cat5e Ethernet cable.
 You are REQUIRED to have a Gigabit Ethernet interface on your PC or Mac to directly connect to
your Dante-MY16-AUD card.
 Make sure the PC or Mac is set to automatically configure its IP address
 Connect the cable between the PC or Mac and the Dante-MY16-AUD card
 You may need to reboot the PC or Mac if it has an active previous IP network configuration
Both devices will automatically be assigned IP network configurations.
Connection via a Gigabit Switch
This configuration is applicable if you have more than just your Dante-MY16-AUD card and one PC or Mac. You will
need to use a switch to connect the additional devices to the same network.
In this case, you should connect your PC or Mac(s), your Dante-MY16-AUD card(s) and any other Dante-enabled
equipment using a Gigabit switch:
If your switch has a mix of Gigabit and 100Mbps ports, make you are connecting all Dante-MY16-AUD cards, and if
at all possible all devices, to the Gigabit ports.
 It is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED that the PC or Mac has a Gigabit Ethernet interface. This is
REQUIRED if the PC is running Dante Virtual Soundcard with more than 32 active audio channels.
 Make sure any PCs or Macs are set to automatically configure their IP address
 Power on the switch
 Connect your Cat5e or Cat6 cables from each device to the central Gigabit switch and ports
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 You may need to reboot the PCs or Macs if they have active previous IP network configurations
All devices will automatically be assigned IP network configurations.
Connection via a Redundant Network
Your Dante-MY16-AUD cards support glitch-free Dante Redundancy, to protect you against possible cable
disconnections or switch failures.
This configuration is applicable if you require complete glitch-free audio redundancy, for example in a live sound
environment with longer cable runs, and you might have additional Dante-enabled devices that also support
redundancy.
Dante redundancy works by using two completely independent and separate networks, the Primary Network and
the Secondary Network.
To setup and use Dante Redundancy, connect your Dante-MY16-AUD cards and other redundant Dante-enabled
audio equipment using duplicate Gigabit switches and Ethernet cables as shown below. Connect your PC or Mac
running Dante Virtual Soundcard and other non-redundant Dante-enabled audio equipment to the Primary
Network.
Connect your computer running Dante Controller to the Primary Network, or optionally to both networks, if your
computer has two or more network interfaces.
 The primary and secondary networks MUST NOT be interconnected at any point.
 NOTE: Dante Virtual Soundcard does not support Dante Redundancy or connection to Dante
secondary networks.
 Make sure any PCs or Macs are set to automatically configure their IP address
 Power on the switches
 Connect your Primary Cat5e or Cat6 cables from each device to the central Primary network Gigabit
switch and ports
 Connect your Secondary Cat5e or Cat6 cables from each device that supports redundancy to the
central Secondary network Gigabit switch and ports
 You may need to reboot the PCs or Macs if they have active previous IP network configurations
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All devices will automatically be assigned IP network configurations.
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UNSUPPORTED Dante Network Configurations
Connecting Primary and Secondary redundant networks to the same switch
When using Dante redundancy with any Dante-enabled device, including Dante-MY16-AUD cards, two separate
networks must be used.
You CANNOT connect any secondary network connections to a switch used for the primary network, or any
primary network connections to a switch used for the secondary network.
Please refer to the previous section, Connection via a Redundant Network, for information about the correct
configuration to use.
Dante Audio traffic over Wireless Networks
Wireless Ethernet networks should not be used to carry Dante audio traffic, and Audinate applications installed on
a PC or Mac will not allow selection of Wireless Ethernet interface or any other non-standard wired Ethernet
interface.
You should NOT install any wireless components in your Dante network.
Dante-MY16-AUD: Use of 100Mbps Network interface
The use of 100 Mbps network with Dante-MY16-AUD cards is NOT SUPPORTED.
You must only connect Dante-MY16-AUD cards to Gigabit interfaces:
 Gigabit switches, or a Gigabit port on an Ethernet switch
 Gigabit network interface on a PC or Mac
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HA Remote
The Dante-MY16-AUD card supports HA Remote control via its DB9 serial port, and also over the Dante network
via its Ethernet ports.
HA Remote control data that is received via the Ethernet port can be mirrored to the serial port, and vice-versa. HA
Remote data can also be bridged between the host device (via the MY slot), and either the network or serial port
on the Dante-MY16-AUD card. This means that HA Remote chains can be established that include a mix of serial
connections and Dante network connections.
No configuration of the Dante-MY16-AUD card is required to enable HA Remote support.
HA Remote Chain Example 1
In Figure 3 below, a Yamaha LS9 console is acting as the HA Remote controller. It is connected via the primary
Ethernet port on the installed Dante-MY16-AUD card to a network switch. The Dante-MY16-AUD card is set to HA
Remote Mode 2, via Dante Controller (see Mode Selection below).
A Rio 1608-D I/O rack is connected to the same network switch via an Ethernet cable, and is acting as the
controlled device. A computer running Dante Virtual Soundcard is also connected to the network switch, for
recording and/or audio playback.
Figure 3 - HA Remote Chain - Example 1
HA Remote Chain Example 2
In Figure 4 below, a Yamaha PM5D console is acting as the HA Remote controller. It is connected via the primary
Ethernet port on the installed Dante-MY16-AUD card to a network switch. The Dante-MY16-AUD card is set to HA
Remote Mode 3 (see Mode Selection below).
The HA Remote port on the PM5D is connected vi a straight-through DB9 cable to the Serial port on the DanteMY16-AUD card (to bridge the HA Remote traffic from the PM5D to the MY card).
A DME64N is connected to the network switch (via the primary Ethernet port on its installed Dante-MY16-AUD
card). The Dante-MY16-AUD card in the DME is set to HA Remote mode 3, which means that it is acting only as a
bridging device - it is bridging the HA Remote data from the network switch to the next device in the chain, via its
Serial port. The HA Remote traffic is not seen by the DME itself.
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The Dante-MY16-AUD card in the DME is connected to a chain of controlled HA Remote devices (such as AD8HR
modules) via DB9 cables. The entire chain of devices (using Dante network and serial connections) is recognized as
one HA Remote chain.
Figure 4 - HA Remote Chain - Example 2
Mode Selection
HA Remote mode is set via Dante Controller.
When you open the Device View in Dante Controller for a Dante-MY16-AUD card that supports HA Remote, an
extra tab is displayed, called HA Remote (as shown in Figure 5 below).
Figure 5 - HA Remote Bridging Mode in Dante Controller (Device View)
To change the HA Remote bridging mode for the selected device, click the appropriate radio button.
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The available modes are:
Mode
Name
Description
Mode 1
Slot ↔ DB9 Active,
Network Inactive
HA Remote data is bridged between the host device and the
DB9 ('Serial') port on the Dante-MY16-AUD card, but is not
transmitted across the Dante network.
Mode 2
Slot ↔ Network
Active, DB9 Inactive
HA Remote data is bridged between the host device and the
Dante network (via the Dante Ethernet ports), but is not
bridged to the DB9 ('Serial') port on the Dante-MY16-AUD card.
Mode 3
DB9 ↔ Network
Active, Slot Inactive
HA Remote data is bridged between the DB9 ('Serial') port on
the Dante-MY16-AUD card and the Dante network, but is not
bridged to the host device.
Mode 4
All Inactive
HA Remote data is not bridged at all. This is the default mode.
For information about the most suitable HA Remote mode for your device, please see the table below.
Yamaha Product Models
HA
Remote
Mode
CL1/3/5
QL1/5
M7CL48ES
LS9
PM5D
M7CL32/48
DM2000
DM1000
DME64N
DME24N
Other MYcompatible
models
1











2









3









4
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

(as an HA
device)



(as a
controller)
(as an MY
card host)
N/A

Special Considerations
Some Yamaha devices (listed below) do not bridge HA Remote control data directly from the host device to an
installed Dante-MY16-AUD card. For these devices, use a straight-through male-to-female DB9 (DE9) cable to
connect the REMOTE port on the host device to the Serial port on the Dante-MY16-AUD card, and select HA
Remote Mode 3 in Dante Controller for the Dante-MY16-AUD card. Then connect the device to the network switch
using the Primary Ethernet port on the Dante-MY16-AUD card.
Affected devices:
 DM1000
 DM2000
 PM5D
 M7CL‐32/48
 DME24N
 DME64N
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Dante-MY16-AUD Basic Operation
Once you have installed Dante-MY16-AUD cards in your Yamaha equipment and connected them to a network you
are in a position to start using Dante networking in earnest to set up audio routes between devices, including other
Dante-enabled devices you may have on the network and any PCs or Macs running Dante Virtual Soundcard.
Pre-operation checklist
To start configuring and using your Dante-MY16-AUD card and Audinate software you should have completed the
following:
 Installed your Dante-MY16-AUD card in your Yamaha equipment
 Registered your Dante-MY16-AUD with www.audinate.com and redeemed your DVS Token for a
Dante Virtual Soundcard License ID
 Downloaded and installed your Audinate software
 Set up a network between your PC or Mac and your Dante-MY16-AUD card(s)
 Referred to the Dante Controller and Dante Virtual Soundcard User Guides
Using Dante Controller
When you open Dante Controller it displays a grid view, which shows all the Dante-enabled devices on the
network. Initially it will display devices, but not channels wi thin devices. Devices with transmitter (Tx) channels will
be displayed along the top row and devices with receiver (Rx) channels will be displayed in the left hand column
Channels can be viewed by clicking on the + symbol next to Dante Transmitters or Dante Receivers, or the +
symbol next to a particular Dante device.
 The Dante Controller User Guide contains detailed information about all aspects of using Dante
Controller. This section is only a brief overview – you will need to refer to the User Guide to be
able to use all features of Dante Controller.
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Setting up audio routes
Dante Controller can be used to configure channel routing between Dante devices.
In the expanded view, wherever there is a blue cell at the intersection of a Tx channel column and an Rx channel
row, it is possible to establish an audio route between them
Using the network view, click on the cell at the intersection of a transmit and receive channel to configure an audio
route from the transmitting channel to the receiving channel. A green icon
will appear when the route is
established. Click again to remove the route.
Configuring your card
To configure features of your Dante-MY16-AUD card such as its name and sample-rate:
 Start Dante Controller
 Select the Dante-MY16-AUD card you want to configure
if you have more than one new Dante-MY16-AUD card installed, you will need to identify it either by:
 Looking for the device name ending in the last six characters of its MAC address
 After selecting a device, using the “Identify” feature in Dante Controller to check which card it is
There are two ways that you can select the device. You can either:
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 Click on the device name in Dante Controller network grid view. This can be done either by clicking on
the entry in the transmitter row, or by clicking on the entry in the Receiver column. This opens a
Device View window for the selected device
OR
 Go to the Devices dropdown list in the Network View menu bar and select Device View (or simply
type Ctrl+D). This opens a Device View window with no device selected. Select the device to
configure using the dropdown list of avai lable devices in the Device View toolbar.
The Device View has six tabs: Receive, Transmit, Status, Device Config, Network Config and HA Remote (specific to
MY16 cards). The Receive tab for a configured Dante-MY16-AUD card is shown below.
Identify
feature
Identifying individual Dante-MY16-AUD cards
When you have several Dante-MY16-AUD cards installed, it can be very useful to know which card is which.
Once you have selected a particular card within Device View in Dante Controller, you can click on the “identify”
icon
in the Device View toolbar. This will cause all of the LEDs on the Dante-MY16-AUD card to flash green for
about ten seconds.
Dante-MY16-AUD Device name
By default the device name for Dante-MY16-AUD cards is MY16-nnnnnn, where nnnnnn is a unique alphanumeri c
identifier consisting of the last six digits of the MAC address. This is the name the card will have when you first use
it.
It is possible to replace the Dante-MY16-AUD card default device name with a custom, user-defined name. To do
this open Device View in Dante Controller, select the card you wish to modify in the Device View, and change the
Device Name in the Device Config tab.
 If you rename a device, you must re-establish any existing audio routes to and from the renamed device using its new name.
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 Please refer to your Dante Controller manual for more information on renaming devices.
Dante-MY16-AUD default Sample rate
By default of the Dante-MY16-AUD card is configured to operate using a 48kHz sample rate. Audio routes can only
be set up between devices that are operating at the same sample rate.
It is possible to change the sample rate to 96kHz. To do this, open Device View in Dante Controller, select the card
you wish to modify in the Device View, and change the sample rate using New Sample Rate in the Device Config
tab.
You may need to set your Yamaha equipment to “double-speed”, NOT “double-channel”. Please refer to the
section Configuring your Yamaha Equipment.
 If you change the sample rate of your Dante-MY16-AUD card you MUST power-cycle the
Yamaha Equipment that it is installed in. You may also need to CHANGE YOUR YAMAHA
EQUIPMENT’s word clock settings. Please refer to the later section, Configuring your Yamaha
Equipment, for further information.
 Dante-MY16-AUD cards installed in the same piece of Yamaha equipment MUST all be set to the
same sample rate. Please refer to your Dante Controller manual for more information on
changing sample rate.
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Dante-MY16-AUD Advanced Configuration with
Dante Controller
Once you have installed Dante-MY16-AUD cards in your Yamaha equipment and connected them to a network you
are in a position to configure your Dante-MY16-AUD card, using a PC or Mac on the network with Dante Controller
installed and running on it.
Some basic functions of Dante Controller have already been described:
 Setting up an audio route.
 Changing the device name.
 Changing sample rate.
 Identifying a specific Dante-MY16-AUD card.
Dante Controller can also be used to configure a number of other more advanced features, including:
 Adjusting latency settings
 Choosing between unicast and multicast modes
 Selecting clock sources
 Specifying static IP addresses
These are described briefly below. A more complete description of the functions of Dante Controller can be found
in the Dante Controller User Guide.
Unicast and Multicast Modes
Dante audio routing creates flows. Each flow carries one or more channels of audio from a transmitting device to
one or more receiving devices. There are two types of flow, unicast and multicast.
Unicast routing creates flows to a single receiving device; a unicast flow typically assigns space for 4 channels of
audio. Unicast flows are setup when a receiver subscribes to an available audio channel, and are automatically
removed when the receiver unsubscribes from all channels in that flow.
Multicast routing creates flows that can be received by multiple receivers. Multicast flows are assigned IDs
enabling them to be identified in Dante Controller and to facilitate their removal. In contrast to unicast flows,
multicast flows are setup on the transmitting Dante device.
Dante routing is unicast by default. This means that a separate flow is set up for each pair of transmitter and
receiver. If several receivers are all subscribed to the same channels of a transmitter, it may sometimes be more
efficient to use multicast.
Multicast sends the same set of channels to multiple receivers. In practice, this usually means that the audio flow
is flooded throughout the network. If many receivers want the same channels, using multicast ca n reduce overall
network use, especially on the transmitter since only one copy of each audio channel needs to be sent rather than
many. Unlike unicast routing, multicast flows consume network bandwidth even if there are no receivers, but do
not require additional bandwidth to add more receivers.
Dante receivers will automatically prefer multicast to unicast if it is available. This means that if a new multicast
flow is created containing the channels that a receiver is currently receiving as unicast, the receiver will switch over
to receiving audio from the multicast flow and the unicast flow will be removed.
Dante Controller can be used to choose what channels are to be multicast.
Clicking on the Multicast Configuration icon
in the toolbar of the Device View (regardless of which tab view is
currently displayed) will open a Create Multicast Flow dialog box that allows the user to select individual channels
to add to a new multicast flow.
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The window shows a list of the Tx channels for the device and allows the user to add them to the new multicast
flow that is being created, by checking the tick box next to each channel name. Once the user has selected all the
channels required, the multicast flow can be created by clicking on the Create button at the bottom of the dialog
box. To abandon creating a new multicast flow, click on the Cancel button.
A single multicast flow can contain up to the maximum supported channels per flow for this device. This is
displayed at the top of this window and is 8 channels for this device. If the user selects more than the maximum
allowed channels per flow, multiple flows will be created. Once a flow has been created, it will appear in the list of
flows in the transmit pane, along with the channels contained within that flow. Also once a flow has been created
it cannot be edited, channels cannot be added or removed. Each time the dialog is used to select additional
channels, a new multicast flow will be crea ted.
 It is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED
that you read the Dante Controller User Guide before trying to
set up multicast flows.
Setting Latency
To adjust the latency setting, open a Device View for the selected device in Dante Controller, and select the Device
Config tab. This allows several device settings to be viewed and modified. It shows the current receive latency
setting and allows the user to change the operating receive latency for the selected device.
The allowed values are
 0.15ms (150 microseconds) - suitable for a Gigabit network containing a single switch
 0.25ms (250 microseconds) - suitable for a Gigabit network containing three switches
 0.5ms - suitable for a Gigabit network containing five switches
 1.0ms - suitable for a Gigabit network containing ten switches
 2.0ms - suitable for a Gigabit network with 100 Mbps leaf nodes
 5.0ms – a safe value for a network of almost any conceivable size
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If a value other than the current setting is selected a message will be displayed warning the user:
“Changing device receive latency will interrupt existing audio routes to this device from other
devices. Are you sure you want to change the latency of <device name> from <current latency
setting> to <new latency setting>.
If you wish to make the change select “Yes” button; otherwise select “No”.
The effect of changing the latency is that any existing audio routes to the device will be temporarily suspended,
resulting in some loss of audio data.
Configuring the Dante-MY16-AUD clock
First, you will need to decide whether your Yamaha equipment should be clock master or sync to one of the DanteMY16-AUD cards.
 Please refer to Annex A, “Dante Synchronization and Clocking” for a fuller discussion and
diagrams of this subject.
The Clock Status tab within the Network View provides a network wide overview of the clocking state within the
network.
This view provides a convenient way of quickly scanning the network for clock information. The view is in table
format, with the following fields for each device, in columns from the left, as follows:
 Device Name: the label currently associated with the device.
 Sync: Indicates the clock sync status for the device. A green light indicates that the device is currently
synced to (or is driving) the network clock. A red light indicates that the device is not currently synced.
 Mute: Indicates the mute status for the device. A red icon indicates that the device is currently muted
(usually due to loss of clock sync). No icon in the mute column means that the device is not muted (audio
should be flowing normally).
 Clock Source: Indicates the clock source for the device. ‘Dante’ means that the device is deriving its clock
from the Dante network, or is acting as master clock (but not deriving its clock from an external source) .
‘External’ means that the device is deriving its clock from an external word clock source.
 Primary Status: indicates the state of the PTP clock for the prima ry network interface. Clock Status values
and their meanings are as follows:
Master
Device is PTP master on that network
Slave
Device is a PTP slave on that network
Passive
Device is not using clock synchronization information from this interface
Link Down
The interface is not connected to the network
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Not Supported
Where the device is non redundant the second interface is Not Supported
Not Available
The device does not support clock status reporting
 Other transient clock states exist, which are not listed above.
 Secondary Status: indicates the state of the PTP clock for the secondary network interface of a redu ndant
device.
 Preferred Master:
Checking "Preferred Master" raises the priority of the device in the clock master election. If only one
device on the network has this box ticked this ensures that the selected device becomes clock master.
When multiple devices have their Preferred Master box ticked, the master will be elected from within that
group. This is a convenient method of controlling the group of devices from which the master can be
selected.
 Enable Sync To External: When checked this will force the device to derive its local clock from the
external word clock source. This will also ensure that this Dante device becomes clock master. It is not
normal practice configure more than one device with an external clock source. In this case, the user is
assumed to have synchronized external word clock sources (e.g. house clock). Where a device does not
support slaving to an external Word Clock the value in this column will be N/A.
Master Clock
The Dante network clock master, also called the "Grand Master", i s displayed at all times in the center of the
toolbar of the Network View. This is the device that is providing the time sync source for all devices on the
network.
The clock master is chosen automatically through an election process, though there are user configurable
parameters that allow prioritization of some devices in the clock master election. Configuring a device to have an
external word clock source will force that device to become clock master. Checking the preferred master flag will
also raise the priority of a device in the clock master election. This can be done through the Network View:
Clocking Status tab.
Checking clock configuration
Dante Controller can be used to view the Dante clock status of all devices on the network, and to display who is
the Dante clock master. There may also be some occasions where you want to force a Dante device to become the
Dante network clock master. Please refer to the Dante Controller User Guide and other Dante documentation for
further information.
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Configuring your Yamaha Equipment
The host Yamaha equipment in which you have installed your cards needs to be configured to match your desired
clock settings and sample rate. You will need to refer to the relevant Yamaha equipment manual for specific
instructions on configuring sample rates and word clock for that equipment.
Setting up clocking can be confusing: please refer to ANNEX A: Dante Synchronization and Clocking for detailed
information and diagrams on setting up system clocking.
Key configuration checks for the host Yamaha equipment for your Dante-MY16-AUD card:
If:
 Your Dante-MY16-AUD cards are set to 48kHz and you want the host Yamaha equipment to derive its
clock from Dante
You will need to ensure that:
 Your Yamaha host equipment has its Word Clock set to one of the Dante-MY16-AUD card slots
If:
 Your Dante-MY16-AUD cards are set to 96kHz and you want the host Yamaha equipment to derive its
clock from Dante
You will need to ensure that:
 None of your Dante-MY16-AUD cards has “Enable Sync To External ” set
 Your Yamaha host equipment has its Word Clock set to one of the Dante-MY16-AUD card slots
 The Yamaha host equipment has double-speed set for the Dante-MY16-AUD card slots (not doublechannel)
If:
 You want the Dante network to derive its clock from its host Yamaha equipment
You need to ensure that:
 the Yamaha host equipment has its Word Clock set to Internal
 All installed Dante-MY16-AUD cards are set to the same sample rate as the Internal clock
 One of the Dante-MY16-AUD cards has “Enable Sync To External ” set via the Clock Status tab in Dante
Controller
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Upgrading Firmware
The Dante-MY16-AUD firmware can be upgraded using the Dante Firmware Update Manager, which can be
downloaded from the Yamaha Commercial Audio website. Please read the associated user guide before updating
the firmware on your device.
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Troubleshooting
Introduction
Problems or issues related to Dante and setting up your Dante-MY16-AUD card tend to fall in one of three areas:
 Network Configuration
o
Standard networking issues
o
PC /Mac network configuration and firewalls
o
Switches and cables
 PC Application Configuration
o
Bonjour
o
Install issues
o
Audio application configuration confusion
 Dante Configuration
o
Clock configuration
o
Mismatched sample rates
Network Configuration – Gigabit Ethernet
All your Dante-MY16-AUD cards require a Gigabit Ethernet interface.
This means that they should be connected to either:
 A Gigabit Ethernet Switch
 A PC or Mac with a Gigabit Ethernet interface
What are the symptoms of NOT using Gigabit Ethernet?
 The Orange, right hand side Gigabit LED will NOT be lit:
 The Dante-MY16-AUD card will take a much longer time than usual for the Sync light to turn green
Sync LED
 The Primary Link Speed of the card in the Device Info tab in Dante Controller shows 100Mbps IN RED
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How can I check whether I AM using Gigabit Ethernet?
 The Orange, right hand side Gigabit LED will be lit:
 The Primary Link Speed of the card in the Device Info tab in Dante Controller shows 1Gbps
PC / Mac network configuration
Dante hardware devices are set to obtain their IP address automatically from the network. They will either:
 Automatically assign themselves an address in the range 169.254.*.* (172.31.*.* for the secondary
network if present), or
 Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server if it is present on the network
You can also specify a static IP address for one or both network interfaces via the Device View > Network Config
tab.
The PC or Mac must have a correct IP address (or addresses, if you are connecting to the network via two
interfaces).
How do I check which interfaces Dante Controller/Dante Virtual Soundcard is using?
 The selected network interfaces can be viewed or changed via the 'interface selection' button
in
the Network View toolbar of Dante Controller
How do I check what IP addresses Dante Controller is using?
 The IP addresses can be viewed in the Configure Dante Interfaces dialog box brought up by the
'interface selection' button
:
 If the Dante network is standalone and does not have a DHCP server installed, the primary address
should be 169.254.*.* and the secondary address (if connected) should be 172.31.*.*
 If the Dante network is using a DHCP server, the IP address es should conform to the addressing
scheme it is using (as in the image above)
How do I check what IP address my Dante-MY16-AUD card is using?
 IP addresses configured for all Dante devices on the network can be viewed via the Device Info tab in
Dante Controller
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 This includes Dante-MY16-AUD cards and Dante Virtual Soundcards
What are the symptoms of using the wrong interface on my PC or Mac?
 Dante Controller cannot see any devices
 Dante Virtual Soundcard is not sending or receiving any audio when it is expected to
Checking your PC or Mac IP configuration
 Is the PC set to use "Obtain an IP address automatically"?
This way it will automatically acquire an Link Local automatic IP address in the same network as other
Dante devices
If a DHCP server is present, the PC and Dante devices will all acquire their IP addresses via DHCP
 Does it have a third-party firewall installed?
Please read the Dante Controller and Dante Virtual Soundcard User Guides for detailed information
about firewall requirements and configuration.
Standard Windows and Mac firewalls will be configured on install ation.
Third party firewalls will need to be manually configured.
Switch configuration and Cabling
Cables are the most vulnerable part of a network system, and “home-made” manually terminated cables can be
error-prone.
If you suspect cabling issues, check for:
 Unplugged /badly connected Ethernet cables
 Incorrectly configured switches
 Dante devices removed or turned off
Symptoms of switch or cabling issues
 You cannot see (some) devices in the Dante Controller network view
 Dante Controller shows orange “unsuccessful subscription” icons, which usually means a device that
was present earlier, is now missing
 Faulty cables can lead to intermittent faults , which may be heard as dropped samples or “cracks” in
the audio
 Dante devices may appear and disappear in Dante Controll er
Switch and Cabling Checklist
 Are all the connected link/status lights on the switch lit or flashing as expected?
o
Is the switch powered on?
o
Is the cable correctly plugged in at the switch and the PC or equipment?
 Is the switch correctly configured?
o
Perhaps QoS or VLANs have been incorrectly set up
 Are you using a switch from another application with an unchecked or tested configuration?
o
Consult the switch manual and check the switch configuration
 Is your switch using EEE (Energy Efficient Ethernet)?
o
Disable EEE if possible, or replace it with a switch that does not include EEE functionality
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PC Configuration
Before installing, a PC or Mac needs to have:
 Apple Bonjour installed (automatic for Macs). Note this is not a requirement for Dante Controller, but
is currently required for Dante Virtual Soundcard.
 The user logged in with administrator privileges
A PC or Mac for use on the Dante network should have:
 Dante Controller installed
 If using, Dante Virtual Soundcard and an audio application supporting either ASIO, WDM or Core
Audio
A correct PC or Mac Dante network configuration should have:
 The correct network interfaces selected
 The correct IP addresses used
 DVS running before starting the audio application
 An audio application correctly configured to use DVS as its audio interface
Dante Configuration: Sample Rate
Sample rate configuration checklist
 Have Dante-MY16-AUD cards and /or Yamaha consoles been configured with different sample rates?
o
Use Dante Controller to check Dante device sample rates
 Has a sample rate been changed without a power-cycling the Yamaha equipment?
o
Sample rate changes require the Dante-MY16-AUD card and its host Yamaha console to be
re-booted before the change takes effect
 If using 96kHz, is the Yamaha console using “double speed” NOT “double channel” for the DanteMY16-AUD slots?
o
Double channel is NOT supported by the Dante-MY16-AUD cards
o
If the card slots are set to “double channel”, every second audio channel will be missing
 If the Yamaha console is providing its Internal word clock to a Dante-MY16-AUD card configured to
receive an External clock, is it the correct sample rate?
o
All installed dante-MY16-AUD cards should be set to the same sample rate as the s elected
Yamaha internal clock
Symptom: audio only appears on every second channel @96kHz
Some Yamaha equipment supports both a “double channel” and a “double speed” mode when operating at 96kHz.
Dante-MY16-AUD cards will only operate in “double speed” mode. Ensure that your Yamaha equipment is
configured accordingly. If “double cha nnel” mode is selected, audio from Dante-MY16-AUD cards will be
interleaved: for example, Dante channels 1 and 2 will appear on channel 1 of the Yamaha device with a sample of
each played out alternatively.
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Dante Configuration: Clock
It is possible to incorrectly configured system word clocks and clock directions. Please refer to ANNEX A: Dante
Synchronization and Clocking for detailed information and diagrams.
How do I know if my Clock is incorrectly configured?
If your overall system clock is incorrectly configured, you may:
 See console warning messages
 Notice the Dante-MY16-AUD card “Error” LED remaining Orange
 Hear corrupt audio
How do I fix it?
Use Dante Controller Clock Status tab to view the clock configuration for all the Dante devices on the network.
 There should be one Primary Clock Master
 There should usually be only one clock set to “External”
 “Preferred Master” setting to be avoided unless advanced design and configuration is required
Next, check your Yamaha equipment clock configuration:
 If an external clock source is used to drive the Dante PTP Clock Master, ensure it is using the correct
sample rate and the Dante-MY16-AUD card is set to “Enable Sync To External ”
 Check clock signal routing to other digital networks for loops
Symptom: orange “Error” light with green “Sync” light
This indicates a clock sync issue between the host Yamaha equipment and the Dante-MY16-AUD displaying this
condition. This could either be because your clock configuration is wrong, or you have incorrectly configured
sample rates.
Check the clock source on both the Yamaha device and the Dante-MY16-AUD card(s). If a Dante-MY16-AUD card is
selected as the clock source on the Yamaha equipment, ALL of the Dante cards in this device must have their word
clock source set to “Internal”. Similarly if a Dante-MY16-AUD card has “Enable Sync To External ” set, the Yamaha
equipment must have an internal “Int” clock source selected.
Symptom: Red “Sync” light with orange “Error” light
This indicates the card was unable to lock with (or fell out of lock with) the Dante network clock. A number of
issues may cause this condition to occur.
The common issue for Dante-MY16-AUD cards is a 100Mbit link in the network: Dante-MY16-AUD cards require
Gigabit networking between all Dante nodes.
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ANNEX A: Dante Synchronization and Clocking
All Dante-enabled audio equipment on the same Ethernet network uses the IEEE1588 Precision Time Protocol
(PTP) to automatically and accurately synchronize their clocks with each other to sub-microsecond accuracy.
Use the Dante Controller “Clock Status” tab to view and configure Dante device clock settings for all Dante devices
connected to the network, including Dante-MY16-AUD cards.
Figure 6: Dante Controller "Clock Status" tab
Dante Clock Types
Each Dante hardware device can derive its clock from either its high-quality onboard voltage-controlled crystal
oscillator (VCXO) circuit, or an externally connected word clock. In the case of Dante Virtual Soundcard, the
computer’s clock will be used.
Each Dante device clock has a quality setting associated with it, indicating how accurate a clock it is . The lowest
quality clocks are computer clocks. Dante devices with Gigabit connections will be deemed better tha n otherwise
equal quality clocks with 100Mbps connections.
A Dante device clock can be either a PTP Master Clock or a PTP Slave Clock. A Dante network will always have one
active PTP Master Clock at any one time, and all Dante slave clocks will synchronize their clocks over the network
with the chosen master clock.
The Dante PTP Master Clock
The “best master clock election” determines which Dante device will provide the PTP master clock. The election is
performed on startup, when new devices join the network or a current PTP Master Clock device leaves . The
Master Clock is chosen automatically by comparing the different Dante device clocks, choosing the “best” clock
and designating it as the PTP Master Clock for that network. If a number of “equally -best” clocks are found, the
MAC addresses are used to decide which of them will become the Master Clock.
Once a PTP Master Clock has been chosen, all other Dante device clocks will become Slaves , and lock their onboard VCXOs to the PTP Master Clock.
Dante Clock Settings
Dante hardware devices, including Dante-MY16-AUD cards, have two optional clock settings that can be selected.
Set “Enable Sync To External ” to use an external word clock (such as the Internal clock of host Yamaha equipment)
to tune the onboard VCXO. When this attribute is set, the Dante device will become PTP Master Clock unless
another Dante hardware device has “Preferred Master” set.
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Dante Clocking and Redundancy
If both primary and secondary Dante networks have been connected, each network will h ave its own PTP Master
Clock.
Clock Status Monitoring
You can use Dante Controller to monitor the synchronization performance of Dante device clocks in real time. See
the Dante Controller user guide for more information.
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How to configure Dante clocking
Automatically
The easiest way to configure clocking on your Dante network is to let the Dante network provide the clock for all
the audio equipment, and to allow the Dante devices to automatically elect a PTP Clock Master.
All Dante devices including Dante-MY16-AUD cards should be in their default state (“Preferred Master” and “Slave
to External Word Clock” UN-checked), and host equipment configured to derive its word clock from the Dante
device or a Dante-MY16-AUD card.
Choose an external clock for the Dante network to use
Sometimes you may need to tell the Dante network to use an external word clock. In this case, you must select
ONE Dante device, for example ONE Dante-MY16-AUD card, to derive its clock from this external source.
In the example below, the word clock for the system will come from a Yamaha mixing desk. ONE of the DanteMY16-AUD cards in that mixing desk has its word clock source set to “external” and is deriving its clock from the
input Yamaha clock signal. Any Dante device with this setti ng will immediately become the Dante PTP Clock
Master, and all other Dante-enabled devices and cards will lock to its clock.
Manually choose a Dante PTP Master Clock
This is a more advanced feature, and should not be employed unless you have a more complex network and a
clear plan for the clock configuration and settings of your network.
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Every Dante hardware device, including Dante-MY16-AUD cards, has a PTP Preferred Master setting. If selected,
that Dante device will become the PTP Master Clock for the Dante network. If more than one PTP Preferred
Master is set, the normal PTP election rules apply.
You may want to set PTP Preferred Master if:
 You have a complex install network, and a number of otherwise equal quality Dante cloc ks, and you
would like to force the device most centrally connected to be the Dante PTP Master Clock.
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