Derbi GP1 125-250 c.c. Technical data

WORKSHOP
MANUAL
GP1 125-250 c.c.
DERBI - NACIONAL MOTOR, S.A.U., manufacturer of DERBI motorcycles and mopeds, has produced this
manual with the aim of documenting and simplifying as much as possible the work you need to do to in dismantling and assembling the GP1 125/250 c.c.
The intention is to provide as much assistance as possible to mechanics working for our brand’s dealers and
sub-dealers.
Due to its constant commitment to improving its products, DERBI - NACIONAL MOTOR, S.A.U. Sociedad
Unipersonal reserves the right to introduce any modifications it deems fit, without prior warning.
All the information included in this manual is based on the latest data available at the time of its publication.
The drawings and photographs in this manual are for reference purposes only, and may therefore not be
exactly the same as the corresponding parts of the current model itself.
NACIONAL MOTOR, S.A.U.
1
INTRODUCTION
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL TECHNICAL DATA
RECOMMENDED TOOLS
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
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DISMANTLING
SEAT SIDE TRIM
COWLING
COWLING BOTTOM COVER
WATER-OIL TANK COVER
SIDE COVERS
SHIELD INNER COVER
BATTERY COVER
PETROL TANK COVER
HELMET CARRIER
FOOTRESTS
SIDE COVERS
SHIELD
ENGINE
EXHAUST ASSY - REMOVAL
REMOVAL OF THE WNGINE FROM THE VEHICLE
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
AIR DUCT
REMOVING THE DRIVEN PULLEY SHOFT BEARING
REFFITING THE DRIVEN PULLEY SHOFT BEARING
BAFFLE ROLLER
REMOVING THE DRIVEN PULLEY
INSTEPTING THE CLUTCH DRUM
REMOVING THE CLUTCH
INSPECTING THE CLUTCH
PIN RETAINING COLLAR
REMOVING THE DRIVEN HALF-PULLEY BEARING
INSPECTING THE DRIVEN FIRED HALF-PULLEY
INSPECTING THE DRIVEN SUDING HALF-PULLEY
REFITTING THE DRIVEN HALF-PULLEY BEARING
REFITTING THE DRIVEN PULLEY
INSPECTING THE CLUTCH SPRING
3
REFITTING THE CLUTCH
REFITTING THE DRIVEN PULLEY
DRIVE-VELT
REMOVING THE DRIVING PULLEY
INSPECTING THE ROLLERS CASE
REFTTING THE DRIVING PULLEY
REFITTING THE TRANSMISSION COVER
END GEAR
REMOVING THE WHEEL AXLE
REMOVING THE HUB BEARING
REMOVING THE WHEEL ASXLE BEARING
REMOVING THE DRIVEN PULLEY SHAFT BEARING
INSPECTING THE HUB SHAFT
INSPECTING THE HUB COVER
REFITTING THE WHEEL AXLE BEARING
REFITTING THE HUB COVER BEARING
REFITTING THE HUB BEARING
REFITTING THE HUB COVER
FLYWHEEL COVER
REMOVING THE STATOR
FLYWHEEL AND STARTING
REMOVING FLYWHEEL MAGNETO
INSPECTING THE FLYWHEEL COMPONENTS
REFITTING THE FLYWHEEL MAGNETO
REFITTING THE STATOR MOTOR
CYLINDER ASSY AND TIMING SYSTEM
REMOVING THE ROCKER ARMS COVER
REMOVING THE CAMSHAFT
REMOVING THE CYLINDER HEAD
REMOVING THE VALVES
REMOVING THE CYLINDER - PISTON ASSY
INSPECTING THE SMALL END
INSPECTING THE WRIST PIN
INSPECTING THE PISTON
INSPECTING THE CYLINDER
4
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INSPECTING THE PISTON RING
REMOVING THE PISTON RING
CHOOSING THE GASKET
COMPRESSION RATIO VERSION 250
REFITTING THE PISTON RINGS
REFITTING THE CYLINDER
INSPECTING THE CYLINDER HEAD
INSPECTING THE TIMING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
INSPECTING THE VALVE SEALINGS
INSPECTING THE VALVE HOUSINGS
INSPECTING THE VALVES
INSPECTING THE SPRINGS AND HALF-CONES
REFITTING THE VALVES
INSPECTING THE CAMSHAFT
REFITTING THE TIMING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
REFITTING THE ROCKER - ARMS COVER
REFITTING THE INTAKE MANIFOLD
REFITTING THE TIMING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
CRANKCASE - CRANKSHAFT
INSPECTING THE CRANSHFT ALIGNMENT
INSPECTING THE CRANKCASE HALVES
INSPECTING THE CRANKSHAFT PLAIN BEARING
REFITTING THE CRANKCASE HALVES
LUBRICATION
OIL PRESSURE CHACK
OIL PUMP
INSPECTION
REFITTING
REMOVING THE OIL - SUMP
INSPECTING THE BY-PASS VALVE
REFITTING THE OIL SUMP
SAS VALVE
INSPECTING THE CUT-OFF
FUEL SUPPLY
REFITTING THE CARBURETTOR
LEVEL CHECK
INSPECTING THE VALVE AND NEEDLE
INSPECTING THE AUTOMATIC CHOCKE DEVICE
5
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128
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169
FORK, SHOCK ABSORBER. ENGINE SUPPORT AND STAND
DISMANTLING FRONT SUSPENSION
INSPECTING THE FRONT FORKS
DISMANTLING
INSPECTION
SWING-ARM
CHECKING THE SWINING ARM
EXHAUST BRACKET
OVERHAUL
REFITTING
CENTRE - STAND
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FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKES
REAR WHEEL 125 C.C.
REAR WHEEL 250 C.C.
DISMANTLING
INSPECTING THE FRONT WHEEL
DISMANTLING THE FRONT DISCK CALLIPER
ASSEMBLING THE FRONT WHEEL
REAR WHEEL AND BRAKES
REAR WHEEL 125 C.C.
REAR WHEEL 250 C.C.
DISMANTLING
DISMANTLING THE REAR DISCK CALLIPER
INSPECTING THE REAR WHEEL
RIFTTING THE REAR WHEEL
CIRCUITO DE REFRIGERACIÓN
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 250 C.C.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 150 C.C.
WATER PUMP - OVERHAUL
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ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM GP1 125-250 C.C.
CHECK CONNECTORS
INSPECTIONS STEPS
DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS UNIT
IGNITION
LIGHTS AND AUTOMATIC CHOKE
RECHARGING THE BATTERY AND STARTTING
6
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SENSORS AND INDICATORS
TURN INDICATORS AND HORN
IGNITION CIRCUIT
SPARK PLUG
STATOR CHECK
VOLTAGE REGULATOR CHECK
FUSES
DISMANTLING THE BATTERY
BATTERY - INITIAL CHARGE
CAPACITY
INSPECTION THE CHARGING CONDITIONS
RECHARGING
CHARGING SYSTEM
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TROUBLESHOOTING
ENGINE
REAR WHEEL TURNS WITH ENGINE TICKING OVER
DIFFICULTY STARTING
EXCESSIVE CONSUMPTION OF OIL/SMOKY EXHAUST
INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION PRESSURE
THE ENGINE TENDS TO STOP AT MAX GAS OPENING
THE ENGINE TENDS TO STOP AT IDLE
HIGH CONSUMPTION
EXCESSIVELY NOISY WITH EXHAUST
SECONDARY AIR DEVICE ANOMALIES
TRANSMISSION AND BRAKES
INSUFFICIENT BRAKING
BRAKES OVERHEATING
VARIATIONS OR REFRAINED NOISINESS
BATTERY
FLASHING LICHTS NOT WORKING
HEARDENING STERRING
EXCESSIVE STEERING PLAY
NOIZY SUSPENSION
SUSPENSION OIL LEAKAGE
7
REGULATIONS
GU
O S
This section describes the machine’s general safety and maintenance work rules.
SAFETY REGULATIONS
S
GU
O S
- In the event of having to carry out work on the engine while this is running, ensure that the area is well
ventilated, where possible using extractor fans. Never leave engines running in closed spaces. Exhaust gases
are poisonous.
Petrol is extremely inflammable and in certain conditions may explode. Smoking must not be allowed in the
work area, nor should there be naked flames or sparks.
MAINTENANCE REGULATIONS
- Use genuine DERBI spare parts and lubricants recommended by the manufacturer. Non-genuine or unauthorised parts may damage the engine.
Always use new gaskets and oil seals during re-assembly.
After dismantling, clean the components with solvents that are non-inflammable or with a high flammability
point. Lubricate all working surfaces before assembling, excluding tapered joints.
After assembly, check that all components have been correctly fitted and that they are functioning perfectly.
For dismantling, checking and assembly operations, use only tools with metric measurements. Metric screws,
nuts and bolts are not interchangeable with imperial measurement joining devices. Using unsuitable tools
and joining devices may damage the engine.
- In the case of work on the engine involving the electrical circuitry, check that electrical connections have
been correctly fitted.
N.B.
Indicates a note that gives key information to make the procedure easier and clearer.
ATTENTION
Indicates specific procedures that must be carried out to avoid damage to the machine.
WARNING
Indicates specific procedures that must be followed to avoid possible accidents to the person repairing the
machine.
8
MACHINE
ENGINE PREFIX
FRAME PREFIX
GP1 125 c.c.
M434M
VTHPS1A1A
GP1 250 c.c.
M237M
VTHPT1A1A
DIMENSIONS
AND WEIGHT
SPECIFICATIONS
DESC. / QUANTITY
Maximum length
1930 mm.
Maximum height
1225 mm.
Length between axles
1375 mm.
Handlebar width
705 mm.
Handlebar height
1085 mm.
ENGINE
SPECIFICATIONS
9
DESC. / QUANTITY
Engine type
Single cylinder four-stroke and four valve water-cooled
Timing
Single overhead cam driven by a chain on the left-hand
side; rockers with three arms and with threaded adjuster.
Int. diameter per stroke (125)
57x 48,6mm
Int. diameter per stroke (250)
72 x 60 mm
Cubic capacity (125)
124,015 cm3
Cubic capacity (250)
244,290 cm3
Compression ratio (125)
12:1
ENGINE
SPECIFICATIONS
DESC. / QUANTITY
Compresion ratio (250)
10,5-11,5: 1
Keihin Carburettor (125 - 250)
CVEK-30
Walbro Carburettor (125)
WVF 7G* 0 29
Walbro Carburettor (250)
WVF-7S*
Idle speed
1650 ±50 r.p.m.
Adjustment CO
3,8 ± 07
Air filter
Sponge-type damped eith a 50% for filters.
Oil - 50% unleaded petrol misture
Starter system
Electric starter motor
Lubrication
Engine lubrication with geared twin-screw pump (inside the
oil sump) coomanded by chain and double paper net filter.
Feeding
With depression pump and petrol through carburettor
Max. power (crankshaft) 125cc
11 kw (15CV)at 9700p.r.m.
Max. power (crankshaft) 250cc
16,18 Kw (22CV) at 8250 p.r.m.
TRANSMISSION
SPECIFICATIONS
DESC. / QUANTITY
Automatic expandable pulley varistor with servosystem,
trapezoidal belt, self-ventilating dry automatic centrifugal clutch, gear reducer and transmission compartment
with forced air circulation.
Transmission
CAPACITIES
SPECIFICATIONS
10
DESC. / QUANTITY
Engine oil (125)
~ 1100 cc
Engine oil (250)
~ 1200 cc
Fuel tank
~ 11 L. with reservation of 2,7 L.)
Rear hub oil
250 cc
ELECTRICAL
SYSTEM
ELECTRICAL
COMPONENTS
SPECIFICATIONS
DESC. / QUANTITY
Ignition type
Electronic with capacitive discharge (CDI) and variable
advance with separate HT coil.
Ignition advance (before T.D.C) 125
10°±1° at 2000 r.p.m. - 34°±1° at 6000 r.p.m.
Ignition advance (before T.D.C)
10° ± 1 at 2000g/min.
28° ± 1 at 6500 g/min.
Spark plug (125)
CHAMPION RG4HC
Spark plug (250)
CHAMPION RG4HC
Battery
12V-12Ah
Fuses
N°1 15A / N°2 15A / N°3 15A
Generator
AC current
FRAME
AND SUSPENSIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
DESC. / QUANTITY
Type
Aluminium alloy Delta Box type
Front suspension
Hydraulic telescopic fotk with forward-shifted pin and
Ø 40 mm rods.
Front wheel max. travel
100 mm
Rear suspension
Engine functioning as swingarm pivoting on frame
through arm with two degrees of freedom. Pair of
double-acting hydraulic shock absorbers and coaxial
springs with preload adjustment.
Max. rear shock absorber travel
90/85 mm
BRAKES
SPECIFICATIONS
11
DESC. / QUANTITY
Brakes front
Ø 245 mm disc with hydraulically operated dual piston
floating caliper (lever at right end of handlebar).
Brakes rear
Ø 240 disc with hydraulically operated dual opposed
piston caliper (lever at left end of handlebar).
WHEELS
AND TYRES
SPECIFICATIONS
DESC. / QUANTITY
Front wheel rim
Aluminium alloy
Rear wheel rim
In light alloy
Front tyre
120 / 70 x 14”
Rear tyre
120 / 60 x 14”
Tyre pressure front wheel (cold)
1,9 bar
Tyre pressure rear wheel (cold)
2,0 bar
Tyre pressure rear/front wheel (driver and
2,0 / 2.2 bar
passenger). (cold)
N.B.
CHECK AND ADJUST TYRE PRESSURE WITH TYRES AT AMBIENT TEMPERATURE. ADJUST PRESSURE ACCORDING TO
THE WEIGHT OF THE RIDER AND ACCESSORIES.
SECONDARY
AIR
The working principie of the SAS for Leader 125 ce engines is
entirely similar to the SAS employed on 2-stroke engines.
The main differences are the following:
Secondary air enters directly into the exhaust duct on the
cylinder head, instead of entering through the exhaust pipe
as in two-stroke engines.
The reed valve found on 2-stroke engines is here replaced by
a membrane. The unit, indicated by an arrow in the figure, is
provided with a cut-off connected to the vacuum inlet on the
intake manifold to shut air intake during deceleraron, so to
prevent detonations in the silencer.
Air is sucked in through hole «A» and flowing through the
first filter is directed towards hole «B».
12
Flowing through the hole shown in the figure, the air reaches
the second filter, «B», At this point, the tiltered air enters the
membrane device, so to be channelled towards the head.
Flowing through a rigid pipe, flanged to the head, the secondary air reaches the exhaust duct thus providing oxygen
addition to the unburnt gases just before they enter the cataiytic converter. The efficiency ofthe catalyzing process is
therefore increased.
El sistema de funcionamiento del SAS para motor Quasar
250 Euro 2 es totalmente similar al funcionamiento del sistema SAS para motor 2T.
Las diferencias son las siguientes:
El aire secundario, en vez de entrar en el silenciador, como
sucede para el 2T entra directamente en el conducto de descarga sobre la culata.
13
The working principie ofthe SAS for Quasar 250 cc Euro 2
engines is entirely similar to the SAS employed on 2-stroke
engines. The main differences are the following:
Secondary air enters directly into the exhaust duct on the
cylinder head, instead of entering through the exhaust pipe
as in two-stroke engines.
The reed valve found on 2-stroke engines is here replaced
by a membrane.
Unit «A», shown in the figure, is provided with a cut-off connected to the vacuum inlet on the intake manifold to shut air
inlet during deceleration, so to prevent detonations in the
silencer. Air is sucked in through hole «B» and flows inside
the duct into air-box «C» where it is filtered by filtering element «D».
The filtered air now enters membrane device «A», through
duct «E» and is then guided towards the head.
Flowing through pipe «F», flanged to the head, secondary
air reaches the exhaust duct thus providing oxygen addition
to the unburnt gases just before they enter the catalytic con
verter.
The efficiency of the catalyzing process is therefore increased.
14
CARBURATTOR HEIHIN
Version 125
SPECIFICATION
DESC. / QUANTITY
Depresione type
CVEK30
Printing on the body
CVK
Device CUT-OFF
Not present
Max. jet
105
Minimum jet
35
Max. air jet
70
Minimum air jet
130
Idle mixture adjusment screw initial opening
2 ±1/4
Conical pin
Ø 2,450
Emulsifier nozzle
Ø 2,8
Starter air jet
Ø 1,5
Starter jet
42
Starter device resistance
~20
Venturi choke
Ø 29
Throttle valve
Ø 30,5
Choke maximum cone
Ø 47
CARBURETTOR WALBRO
SPECIFICATION
DESC. / QUANTITY
Type to depression
WVF-7G*
Printing on the body
7G
Device CUT-OFF
Not present
Max jet
108
Minimum jet
36
Max air jet.
115
Minimum air jet
100
Gas valve spring
100 gr
Idle mixture adjustment screw initial opening
2 5/8 ± 1/2
Conical pin printing
51C
Conical pin notches position from top
2
Emulsifier nozzle
Ø 2,7
Choke máximum cone
Ø 1,5
Starter air jet
200
Starter emulsifier jet
130
15
CARBURADOR WALBRO
SPECIFICATION
DESC. / QUANTITY
Starter jet
50
Starter pin diameter
Ø 1,78
Starter device resistance
~ 40Q
Choke
Ø 29 (30,3x27,0)
Throttie valve
Ø 33
Choke máximum cone
Ø 48,0
CARBURATTOR HEIHIN
Version 250
SPECIFICATION
16
DESC. / QUANTITY
Depression type
CVEK30
Printing on the body
CVK
CUT-OFF device
Present
Max jet
100
Minimum jet
38
Max air jet
70
Mínimum air jet
115
Idle mixture adjustment screw initial opening
2½ ± ¼
Conical pin
Ø 2,530
Emulsifier nozzle
Ø 2,8
Starter air jet
Ø 1,5
Starter jet
42
Starter device resistance
~ 20
Venturi choke
Ø 29
Throttie valve
Ø 30,5
Choke máximum cone
Ø 47
CARBURATTOR WALBRO
Version 250
SPECIFICATION
DESC. / QUANTITY
Depression type
WVF-7S*
Printing on the body
7S
CUT-OFF device
Presente
Max jet
118
Minimum jet
34
Max air jet
150
Mínimum air jet
31
Gas valve spring
120 gr
Idle mixture adjustment screw initial opening
3±½
Conical pin
465
Tacche dall’alto spillo cónico
3
Emulsitier nozzle
Ø 2,7
Choke máximum cone
Ø 1,5
Starter air jet
200
Starter emulsifier jet
130
Starter jet
50
Starter pin diameter
Ø 1,78
Starter device resistance
~ 40
Choke
Ø 29 (30,3x27,0)
Throttie valve
Ø 33
Choke máximum cone
Ø 48,0
* The identification letter can vary every time the carburettor is updated.
17
CHASSIS
TIGHTENING TORQUES
DESCRIPTION
M8X125 8.8 FRONT FRAME-CHASSIS SECUR.DEVICE
M8X125 8.8 SUBCHASSIS-CHASSIS SEC.DEVICE
M10x150 12.9 TOP SHOCK ABSOR.-CHASSIS SEC.DEVICE
M10x150 12.9 BOTTOM SHOCK ABSOR.-ENG. SEC.DEV.
M14x200 8.8 FRONT ENG. SUPPORT-CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
M10X150 8.8 REAR ENG.SUPP-FRONT ENG.SUPP. SEC.DEV.
M10X150 8.8 ENGINE-REAR SUPP. SEC.DEV.
M8X125 8.8 ENGINE SUPP. SILENTBLOC CLAMP SEC.DEV.
M8X125 8.8 SHOCK ABSORBER SUPP. SEC.DEV.
M8X125 12.9 SHOCK ABSOR. SUPP. TO CRANKCASE SEC.DEV.
M12X175 12.9 SHOCK ABSORBER SUPP. TO SUSP. ARM SEC.DEV. M12X175 12.9
M30,5X150 FORKS FLANGE SEC.DEV.
M6x100 HORN-CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
M10X150 8.8 STAND SEC.DEV.
M8Z125 8.8 FOOTREST SUPPORT-CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
M7x100 8.8 EXHAUST PIPE-CYLINDER SEC.DEV.
M8X125 8.8 SILENCER-SUSPENSION ARM SEC.DEV.
M6x100 8.8 STEERING LOCK-CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
M8x125 8.8 HANNDLEBARS-STEERING FORKS SEC. DEV.
M8x125 8.8 HANDLEBAR CLAMP SEC.DEV.
M5x80 8.8 COUNTERWEIGHT-HANDLEBAR SEC.DEV.
M14x150 FRONT WHEEL-FORKS SEC.DEV.
M8x125 FORK ARM LOCK SEC.DEV.
M6x100 10.9 BRAKE DISK-FRONT WHEEL SEC.DEV.
M10x150 8.8 FR. BRAKE CALLIPER-FORKS SEC.DEV.
M8X125 12.9 SUSP. ARM-ENGINE SEC. DEV.
M16X125 10.9 REAR HUB-ENGINE SEC.DEV.
M8X40 10.9 REAR WHEEL-HUB SEC.DEV.
M8X125 8.8 REAR CALLIPER SUPP.-CRANKCASE SEC.DEV.
M8X125 8.8 REAR CALLIPER-CALLIPER SUPP. SEC.DEV.
M6x100 10.9 BRAKE DISK-REAR HUB SEC. DEV.
M8x125 8.8 CLAMP-CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
M6x100 RADIATOR-CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
THERMOSTAT SWITCH-RADIADOR SEC.DEV.
M5X80 8.8 ELECT.FAN-CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
M5x80 VARIOUS METAL PARTS TO CHASSIS SEC.DEV
M6x100 VARIOUS METAL PARTS TO CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
M8x125 VARIOUS METAL PARTS TO CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
M5x80 VARIOUS PLASTIC PARTS TO CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
M6x100 VARIOUS PLASTIC PARTS TO CHASSIS SEC.DEV.
(•) Sellador the thread type locktite 243
18
TORQUES
(N.M)
TORQUES
(M.KG)
1,7÷1,9
1,7÷1,9
4,5÷5,5
4,5÷5,5
7÷8
3÷4
3÷4
1,7÷1,9
1,7÷1,9
3÷3,5
6÷6,5
9÷13
0,8÷1
3÷4
1,7÷1,9
1÷1,3
1,7÷1,9
0,8÷1
1,7÷1,9
1,7÷1,9
0,35÷0,45
7÷8
1,5÷1,9
1÷1,2
3,5÷4
2,2÷2,5
11,5÷12,5
2,7÷2,9
1,7÷1,9
1,7÷1,9
1÷1,2
1,7÷-1,9
0,8÷1
1,7÷2,2
0,4÷0,5
0,35÷0,45
0,8÷1
1,5÷1,9
0,1÷0,2
0,2÷0,35
17÷19
17÷19
45÷55
45÷55
70÷80
30÷40
30÷40
17÷-19
17÷19
30÷35
60÷65
90÷130
8 ÷ 10
30÷40
17÷19
10÷13
17÷19
8÷10
17÷19
17÷19
3,5÷4,5
70÷80
15÷19
10÷12
35÷40
22÷25
115÷125
27÷29
17÷19
17÷19
10÷12
17÷19
8÷10
17÷22
4÷5
3,5÷4,5
8÷10
15÷19
1÷2
2÷3,5
SEALER
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
EXAUST
PIPE
NAME
TORQUE IN Nm
Screw clamping manifold to silencer
15,5 ÷ 18,5
Screw clamping heat shield to silencer
5÷6
Exhaust gas intake screw
22 ÷ 26
Screw fixing silencer support arm to crankcase
33 ÷ 41
Exhaust pipe/support bracket fixing screw.
27 ÷ 30
Exhaust pipe/cylinder head fixing nut.
16 ÷ 18
ENGINE -
LUBRICATION
NAME
TORQUE IN Nm
Hub oilexhaust cap
15 ÷ 17
Oil filter unión on crankcase
27 ÷ 33
Engine oil / net filter drainage cap
24 ÷ 30
Oil filter
4÷6
Oil pump cover screws
0,7 ÷ 0,9
Screws fixing the oil pump to the crankcase
5÷6
Oil pump control rim screw
10 ÷ 14
Oil pump cover píate screws
4÷6
Oil sump screws
10 ÷ 14
Minimum oil pressure sensor
12 ÷ 14
CYLINDER
HEAD
NAME
19
TORQUE IN Nm
Spark plug
12 ÷ 14
Cylinder head cover screw (1) (A)
9 ÷ 11 + 180°
Head fastening side screws
11 ÷ 13
Start up mass screws
7 ÷ 8,5
M5 side screw fastening washers on cam
shaft (125 cc)
7 ÷ 8,5
CYLINDER
HEAD
NAME
TORQUE IN Nm
Tappet adjustment lock nut
6÷8
Timing chain tightener sliding block screws
10 ÷ 14
Start up mass bell screws
11 ÷ 15
M6 central screw fastening washers on
11 ÷ 15
cam shaft (125 cc)
Timing beit tightener support screw
11 ÷ 13
Timing beit tightener central screw
5÷6
Camshaft retain píate screw
4÷6
TRANSMISSION
NAME
TORQUE IN Nm
Beit support roller screw
11 ÷ 13
Clutch assembly nut on driven pulley
45 ÷ 50
Driving pulley screw
75 ÷ 83
Transmission cover screw
11 ÷ 13 Nm
Driven pulley axis
54 ÷ 60
Hub cover screws
24 ÷ 27
FLYWHEEL
NAME
20
TORQUE IN Nm
FIywheel cover fastening
5÷6
Stator cover screws (°)
3÷4
FIywheel nut (125)
52 ÷ 58
FIywheel nut (250)
94 ÷ 102
Pick-Up fixing screws
3÷4
Free wheel fixing screws on the flywheel
13 ÷ 15
ENGINE
CRANKCASE AND SHAFT
NAME
TORQUE IN Nm
Engine crankcase inside head screws
(transmission side half shaft)
4÷6
Engine crankcase coupling screws
11 ÷ 13
Starter motor screws
11 ÷ 13
Crankcase timing cover screws
3,5 ÷ 4,5
COOLING
NAME
TORQUE IN Nm
Water pump impeller cover
3÷4
Water pump impeller drive joint screw
3÷4
Thermostat cover screws
3÷4
(°) Apply threadlocking LOCTITE médium, type 242.
(*) Tighten the two screws after tightening the rear wheel spindie nut with the prescribed torque.
(A)Tighten the nuts ¡n two phases, following a crosswise pattern.
(1) Lubrícate nuts with engine oil before fitting.
21
OVERHAUL
DATA
ASSEMBLY CLEARANCES
CYLINDER - PISTON ASSY
CATEGORIES COUPLING 125
PLAY
INITIALS
CYLINDER
PISTON
PLAY ON
FITTING
Cylinder
57+0,025±0,003
A
56,997 ÷ 57,004
56,945 ÷ 56,952
0,045-0,059
Cylinder
57+0,025±0,003
B
57,004 ÷ 57,011
56,952 ÷ 56,959
0,045-0,059
56,959±0,014
C
57,011 ÷ 57,018
56,959 ÷ 56,966
0,045-0,059
NAME
Piston
Piston
56,959±0,014
D
57,018 ÷ 57,025
56,966 ÷ 56,973
0,045-0,059
Cylinder first uprat.
57,2+0,025±0,003
A1
57,197 ÷ 57,204
57,145 ÷ 57,152
0,045-0,059
Cylinder first uprat.
57,2+0,025±0,003
B1
57,204 ÷ 57,211
57,152 ÷ 57,159
0,045-0,059
Piston first uprat.
57,159±0,014
C1
57,211 ÷ 57,218
57,159 ÷ 57,166
0,045-0,059
Piston first uprat.
57,159±0,014
D1
57,218 ÷ 57,225
57,166 ÷ 57,173
0,045-0,059
A2
57,397 ÷ 57,404
57,345 ÷ 57,352
0,045-0,059
Cylinder second uprat. 57,4+0,025±0,003
B2
57,404 ÷ 57,411
57,352 ÷ 57,359
0,045-0,059
Piston second uprat.
57,359±0,014
C2
57,411 ÷ 57,418
57,411 ÷ 57,418
0,045-0,059
Piston second uprat.
57,359±0,014
D2
57,418 ÷ 57,425
57,366 ÷ 57,373
0,045-0,059
Cylinder third uprat.
57,6+0,025±0,003
A2
57,597 ÷ 57,604
57,545 ÷ 57,552
0,045-0,059
Cylinder third uprat.
Cylinder second uprat. 57,4+0,025±0,003
22
57,6+0,025±0,003
B3
57,604 ÷ 57,611
57,552 ÷ 57,559
0,045-0,059
Piston third uprat.
57,559±0,014
3C
57,611 ÷ 57,618
57,559 ÷ 57,566
0,045-0,059
Piston third uprat.
57,559±0,014
D3
57,618 ÷ 57,625
57,566 ÷ 57,573
0,045-0,059
COUPLING CATEGORIES ENGINE 250
NAME
PLAY
INITIAL
CYLINDER
PISTON
PLAY ON FITTING
Cylinder
72+0,018±0,010
A
71,990 ÷ 71,997
71,953 ÷ 71,960
0,030-0,044
Cylinder
72+0,018±0,010
B
71,997 ÷ 72,004
71,960 ÷ 71,967
0,030-0,044
Piston
71,967±0,014
C
72,004 ÷ 72,011
71,967 ÷ 71,974
0,030-0,044
Piston
71,967±0,014
D
72,011 ÷ 72,018
71,974 ÷ 71,981
0,030-0,044
PISTON
RINGS
UPRATING TABLE ENGINE 125
NAME
23
DESCRIPTION
DIMENSIONS
INITIALS
QUANTITY
Compression lining
57 x 1
A
0,15 ÷ 0,30
Scraper ring lining
57 x 1
A
0,10 ÷ 0,30
Scraper ring lining
57 x 2,5
A
0,15 ÷ 0,35
OVERSIZES ENGINE 250
NAME
DESCRIPTION
DIMENSIONS
INITIALS
QUANTITY
Compression lining
72 x 1,5
A
0,15 ÷ 0,30
Scraper ring lining
72 x 1
A
0,20 ÷ 0,40
Scraper ring lining
72 x 2,5
A
0,20 ÷ 0,40
CRANKCASE - CRANKSHAFT - CONNECTING
ROD
CRANKCASE - DRVING SHAFT - BENCH HALF BEARING
NAME
24
DESCRIPTION
DIMENSIONS
INITIALS
QUANTITY
Half crankshaft bearing
Type A -red
1,970 ÷ 1,973
Half crankshaft bearing
Type B - blue
1,973 ÷ 1,976
Half crankshaft bearing
Type C - yellow
1,976 ÷ 1,979
Crankshaft cat. 1 - Crankcase cat. 1
C-C
Crankshaft cat. 1 - Crankcase cat. 2
B -B
Crankshaft cat. 2 - Crankcase cat. 1
B-B
Crankshaft cat. 2 - Crankcase cat. 2
A -A
Crankshaft
Category 1
28,998 ÷ 29,004
Crankshaft
Category 2
29,004 ÷ 29,010
Carter
Category 1
32,959 ÷ 32,965
Carter
Category 2
32,953 ÷ 32,959
FITTING
CLEARANCE
Driving shaft/case axial clearance: Standard clearance 0,15 ÷ 0,40mm (cold engine).
CARNCSHAFT - CRANKCASE AXIAL CLEARANCE/CARTER
NAME
DIMENSIONS
INITIALS
QUANTITY
Half shaft transmission side
16,6+0-0,05
A
D = 0,20 ÷ 0,50
Half shaft flywheel side
16,6+0-0,05
B
D = 0,20 ÷ 0,50
Conecting rod
18-0,10-0,15
C
D = 0,20 ÷ 0,50
51,4+0,05
D
D = 0,20 ÷ 0,50
Spacing tool
25
DESCRIPTION
SLOT
PACKING SYSTEM
Characteristics
Compresion ratio - 125cc verion
Rc: 11,50÷13:1
The length «A» to be measured refers to the pistón protrusion. It indicates the amount by which the surface formed
by the pistón crown tops the surface formed by the upper parí of the cylinder. The more the pistón descends into the
cylinder, the less the base gasket to be applied (to recover the compression ratio) will be and vice versa.
N.B.
THE MEASUREMENT OF «A» MUST BE CARRIED WITH THE PISTÓN AT THE TDC, WITHOUT ANY GASKET
INSTALLED BETWEEN THE CRANKCASE AND THE CYLINDER, AND AFTER RESETTING THE COMPARATOR,
COMPLETE WITH SUPPORT, ON A RECTIFIED SURFACE.
125CC VERSIÓN WITH FIBRE HEAD GASKET (1.1)
NAME
26
MEASURE A
THICKNESS
Thicknesses 125
2,20÷2,45
0,4 ± 0,05
Thicknesses 125
2,45÷2,70
0,6 ± 0,05
SLOT
PACKING SYSTEM
Characteristics
Compresion ratio - 125cc verion
Re: 11,50÷13:1
The length «A» to be measured refers to the pistón protrusion. It indicates the amount by which the surface formed
by the pistón crown tops the surface formed by the upper part of the cylinder. The more the pistón descends into the
cylinder, the less the base gasket to be applied (to recover the compression ratio) will be and vice versa.
N.B.
THE MEASUREMENT OF «A» MUST BE CARRIED WITH THE PISTÓN AT THE TDC, WITHOUT ANY GASKET
INSTALLED BETWEEN THE CRANKCASE AND THE CYLINDER, AND AFTER RESETTING THE COMPARATOR,
COMPLETE WITH SUPPORT, ON A RECTIFIED SURFACE.
125CC VERSIÓN WITH METALLIC HEAD GASKET (0.3)
NAME
MEASURE A
THICKNESS
Thicknesses 125
1,40÷1,65
0,4 ± 0,05
Thicknesses 125
1,65 ÷1,90
0,6 ± 0,05
27
SISTEMA
DE MONTAJE DE ESPESORES
MEASUREMENT (A)
(WITH PISTON AT T.D.C.)
Características Técnicas
Relación de compresión versión 250
Re: 10,5-11,5
NOTE
MOUNT ACCORDING TO THE
MEASUREMENT (A) OBTAINED
NOTE
MEASUREMENT (A) MUST BE TAKEN WITHOUT TRIM MOUNTED BETWEEN THE
CASING AND THE CYLINDER, AFTER HAVING PUT THE COMPARATOR TO ZERO,
WITH ITS SUPPORT, ON A FLAT PLANE.
N.B.
THE MEASURE «A» TO TAKE IS A PISTÓN PROTRUSION VALUÉ THAT INDICATES HOW MUCH THE PLAÑE
FORMED BY THE PISTÓN TOP PROTRUDES FROM THE PLAÑE FORMED BY THE TOP OF THE CYLINDER.
THE MORE THE PISTÓN PROTRUDES FROM THE CYLINDER, THE MORE THE BASE GASKET TO APPLY (TO
RECOVER THE COMPRESSION RATIO) AND VICE VERSA.
SHIMMING 250
NAME
MEASURE A
THICKNESS
Shimming 250
2,60÷2,50
0,4 ±0,05
Shimming 250
2,50÷2,30
0,6 ± 0,05
Shimming 250
2,30÷2,20
0,8 ± 0,05
28
OVERSIZES
OVERSIZES ENGINE
NAME
DESCRIPTION
DIMENSION
INITIALS
QUANTITY
Compression lining 1° greater
57,2 x 1
A
0,15 ÷ 0,30
First uprated scraper ring lining
57,2 x 1
A
0,10 ÷ 0,30
First uprated scraper ring lining
57,2x2,5
A
0,15 ÷ 0,35
Second uprated compression lining
57,4 x 1
A
0,15 ÷ 0,30
Second uprated scraper ring lining
57,4 x 1
A
0,10 ÷ 0,30
Second uprated scraper ring lining
57,4 x 2,5
A
0,15 ÷ 0,35
Third uprated compression lining
57,6 x 1
A
0,15 ÷ 0,30
Third uprated scraper ring lining
57,6 x 1
A
0,10 ÷ 0,30
Third uprated scraper ring lining
57,6 x 2,5
A
0,15 ÷ 0,35
RECOMENDEDS PRODUCTS
DESCRIPTION
SPECIFICATIONS
Rear hub oil
Oil SAE 80W/90 of higher quality than API GL3 Specifications
Air filter sponge oil
Mineral oil with specific additives to increase adhesión ISO
VG
Complex calcium soap grease NLGI 1-2
Grease (brake command levers, Gas)
Engine oil
Synthetic oil SAE 5W/40 of higher quality than API SJ Specifications
Brake fluid
Synthetic fluid SAE J1703, NHTSA 116 DOT 4, ISO 4925
Cooling fluid
Mono-ethyiene glycol based anti-freeze, CUNA NC 956-16 fluid
Grease for driven pulley shaft compensating ring and
mobile driven pulley sliding seat
Molybdenum bisulphide grease
Grease for steering wheel bearings and pin seats
Lithium soap and zinc oxide grease NLGI2 for the oscillating arm
Oil for four stroke engines
Oil for flexible transmission lubrication (gas control)
29
PPREPARATION
FOR REMOVAL AND DISMANTLING
1. Remove all the dirt, grime, dust and other foreign material
before removing and dismantling.
2. Use properly cleaned tools and equipment.
See “SPECIAL TOOLS”.
3. On dismantling the motorcycle, always keep paired parts
together. This includes gears, cylinders, pistons and other
parts submitted to natural wear in pairs. Paired parts must
always be reassembled or replaced together.
4. While dismantling the motorcycle, clean all the parts and
lay them out on trays in the order dismantled. This speeds up
reassembly and ensures the correct fitting of all the parts.
5. Keep all parts away from any contact with fire.
30
REPLACEMENT
C
PARTS
S
1. Use only genuine DERBI spare parts. For all lubrication
tasks use oils and greases recommended by DERBI. Other
makes make seem similar in their function and appearance,
but are inferior in quality.
SEALS,
RETAINING RINGS AND O-RINGS
1. Replace all seals, retaining rings and O-rings when servicing the engine.
All surfaces receiving seals, retaining ring edges and O-rings
must be cleaned.
2. Apply oil to all paired parts and bearing during reassembly. Apply grease to the retaining ring edges.
TAB/SPACER
WASHERS AND SPLIT PINS
1. After removing them, replace all tab/spacer washers (1)
and split pins Bend the tabs to fit the flat surfaces of the
bolt or nut once they have been tightened to the specified
torque.
BEARINGS
AND RETAINING RINGS
1. Fit bearings and retaining rings in such a way that the manufacturers marks remain visible. On fitting retaining rings,
applying a thin film of light lithium soap based grease to
their edges. Where required, apply oil generously when fitting bearings.
WARNING
DO NOT USE COMPRESSED AIR TO DRY BEARINGS. THIS
DAMAGES THE BEARING SURFACES.
31
LOC
OCKING
G
RINGS
GS
1. Examine all the locking rings carefully before fitting.
Always replace the gudgeon pin circlips after every use. Replace distorted locking rings. On fitting a locking ring (1),
ensure that the sharp edge (2) is on the opposite side to the
force to be applied to it.
See the figure on the side, (4) Axle.
SPECIAL
TOOLS
1. The following special tools are needed for assembly and
for complete and exact adjustments. Only use the proper
special tools; thereby avoiding damage caused by the use of
unsuitable tools or improvised techniques.
STORES CODE
32
DESCRIPTION
020151Y
Air heater
020331Y
Digital multimeter
020333Y
Single battery charger
020334Y
Multiple battery charger
001467Y014
15 mm pliers
IMAGE
STORES CODE
DESCRIPTION
020412Y
15mm guide
020335Y
Magentic stand and
comparator
020565Y
Compass flywheel stop
spanner
020439Y
17mm guide
020359Y
42 x 47mm hub bearing fitting
adaptor
33
020363Y
20mm guide
002095Y
Engine support
008564Y
Flywheel extractor
020434Y
Oil presure gauge connection
IMAGE
STORES CODE
34
DESCRIPTION
020382Y011
Bushing (valve remover)
020424Y
Driven pulley roller casing drift
020431Y
Valve oil seal extractor
020193Y
Oil pressure gauge
020306Y
Valve sealing ring drift
020360Y
52 x 55mm adaptor
020364Y
25mm guide
020375Y
Adapter 28 x 30mm
IMAGE
STORES CODE
DESCRIPTION
020376Y
Handle for punches
020444Y
Driven half pulley spring compressor tool
020330Y
Stroboscopic gun fot two-and
four-stroke engines
001467Y035
Bell
020368Y
Driving pulley stop wrench
020319Y
Immobilizer control test
020287Y
Piston band clamps (engine
125 c.c)
020263Y
35
Protective sheath
IMAGE
STORES CODE
DESCRIPTION
020262Y
Crankcase detachment plate
020430Y
Pin retainers installation tool
(engine 125cc)
020428Y
Piston position check support
020426Y
Piston fitting fork
020425Y
Flywheel-side oil guard punch
020423Y
Driven pulley stop key
020414Y
28 mm guide - Hub bearing
asembly
020393Y
Piston band clamps
(Engine 200-250cc)
36
IMAGE
STORES CODE
020382Y
DESCRIPTION
Tool for removing valve cotters
equipped with part 012
020455Y
10mm guide
020442Y
Pulley stop wrench
020440Y
Water pump overhaul tool
020329Y
Pump
020357Y
32 x 35 mm adaptor
020409Y
Multimeter adpater (Peak voltage measurement)
020456Y
37
Ø 24mm adaptor
IMAGE
STORES CODE
DESCRIPTION
020332Y
Digital rpm counter
020074Y
Crankshaft aligning tool
002465Y
Pliers dor snap rings
020454Y
Pin retainers installation tool
020622Y
Transmission-side oil guard
punch
38
020444Y011
Adapter ring
020444Y009
45 x 55 wrench
001467Y
Bell
IMAGE
STORES CODE
DESCRIPTION
001467Y013
15mm pliers
020444Y008
Adapter ring
020244Y
Drift Ø 15
020115Y
Drift Ø 18
020271Y
Slient-block installation / removal tool
020627Y
Flywheel stop key
020467Y
Flywheel estractor
020626Y
Driving pulley stop key
39
IMAGE
MAINTENANCE
C
CHART
C
EVERY 3000 KM
ACTION
Engine Oil
Level Check/Top up
EVERY 2 YEARS
ACTION
Cooling Fluid
Replacement
Brake fluid
Change
Secondary air filter (external - internal) - Cleaning (125)
AT 1.000 KM OR 4 MONTHS
ACTION
Engine oil
Replacement
Hub Oil
Replacement
Oil filter
Replacement
Idling speed
Adjustment
Acceleration command
Adjustment
Steering
Adjust
Brake levers
Grease
Brake pads
Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level
Check
Nuts, bolts and fasteners
Check
Electrical system and battery
Check
Tires-inflation and wear
Check
Vehicle and brake test
Road test
AT 6.000 KM OR 12 MONTHS
ACTION
Engine oil
Replacement (125)
Hub oil level
Check
Spark Plug/Electrodes distance
Check
Air Filter
Cleaning
Oil filter
Replacement (125)
125 cc Valve Play
Check
Roller support sliding blocks / Varistor rollers Check
40
AT 6.000 KM OR 12 MONTHS
ACTION
Transmission Belt
Check
Cooling fluid level
Check
Brake pads
Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level
Check
Electrical system and battery
Check
Tires-inflation and wear
Check
Vehicle and brake test
Road test
AT 12.000 KM OR 24 MONTHS AND 60.000 KM
ACTION
Engine oil
Replacement
Hub oil level
Check
Spark plug/Electrode gap
Check/Change
Air Filter
Cleaning
Oil filter
Replacement
Idling speed S&
Adjustment
Roller support sliding blocks / Varistor rollers Change
Acceleration command
41
Adjustment
Cooling fluid level
Check
Steering
Adjust
Brake levers
Grease
Brake pads
Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level
Check
Transmissions
Lubricate
Nuts, bolts and fasteners
Check
Suspensions
Check
Electrical system and battery
Check
Headlight
Adjust
Tires-inflation and wear
Check
Vehicle and brake test
Road test
Transmission Belt (125 cc)
Replacement
Transmission Belt
Check (250)
AT 18.000 KM AND 54.000 KM
ACTION
Engine oil
Replacement (125)
Hub oil level
Check
Spark Plug/Electrodes distance
Check
Air Filter
Cleaning
Oil filter
Replacement (125)
125 cc Valve Play
Check
250 cc Valve Play
Check
Roller support sliding blocks / Varistor rollers Check
Cooling fluid level
Check
Radiator
External cleaning/Check
Brake pads
Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level
Check
Electrical system and battery
Check
Tires-inflation and wear
Check
Vehicle and brake test
Road test
Secondary air filter (250)
Cleaning
Transmission Belt
Replacement (250)
Transmission Belt (125 cc)
Replacement
AT 24.000 KM AND 48.000 KM
ACTION
Engine oil
Replacement
Hub Oil
Replacement
Spark plug/Electrode gap
Check/Change
Air Filter
Cleaning
Oil filter
Replacement
Idling speed
Adjustment
Roller support sliding blocks / Varistor rollers Change
Acceleration command
Adjustment
Cooling fluid level
Check
Steering
Adjust
Brake levers
Grease
Brake pads
Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level
Check
Transmissions
Lubricate
Nuts, bolts and fasteners
Check
Suspensions
Check
42
AT 24.000 KM AND 48.000 KM
ACTION
Electrical system and battery
Check
Headlight
Adjust
Tires-inflation and wear
Check
‘ Vehicle and brake test
Road test
Transmission Belt
Check (250)
AT 30.000 KM. 42.000 KM AND 66.000 KM
ACTION
Hub oil level
Check
Spark Plug/Electrodes distance
Check
Air Filter
Cleaning
Varistor rollers
Check or Replacement
Transmission Belt
Check
Cooling fluid level
Check
Brake pads
Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level
Check
Electrical system and battery
Check
Tires-inflation and wear
Check
Vehicle and brake test
Road test
Engine oil
Replacement (125)
Oil filter
Replacement (125)
AT 36.000 KM
ACTION
Engine oil
Replacement
Hub oil level
Check
Spark plug/Electrode gap
Check/Change
Air Filter
Cleaning
Oil filter
Replacement
125 cc Valve Play
Check
250 cc Valve Play
Check
Idling speed
Adjustment
Roller support sliding blocks / Varistor rollers Change
Acceleration command
Adjustment
Transmission Belt
Replacemen
43
AT 36.000 KM
ACTION
Cooling fluid level
Check
Radiator
External cleaning/Check
Steering
Adjust
Brake levers
Grease
Brake pads
Check condition + wear
Flexible brake lines
Change
Brake fluid level
Check
Transmissions
Lubricate
Nuts, bolts and fasteners
Check
Suspensions
Check
Electrical system and battery
Check
Headlight
Adjust
Tires-inflation and wear
Check
Secondary air filter (250)
Cleaning
Vehicle and brake test
Road test
AT 72.000 KM
ACTION
Engine oil
Replacement
Hub Oil
Replacement
Spark plug/Electrode gap
Check / Change
Air Filter
Cleaning
Oil filter
Replacement
125 cc Valve Play
Check
250 cc Valve Play
Check
Idling speed
Adjustment
Roller support sliding blocks /Varistor rollers Change
Acceleration command
44
Adjustment
Transmission Belt
Replacemen
Cooling fluid level
Check
Radiator
External cleaning/Check
Steering
Adjust
Brake levers
Grease
Brake pads
Check condition + wear
Flexible brake lines
Change
Brake fluid level
Check
AT 72.000 KM
ACTION
Transmissions
Lubricate
Nuts, bolts and fasteners
Check
Suspensions
Check
Electrical system and battery
Check
Headlight
Adjust
Tires-inflation and wear
Check
Secondary air filter (250)
Cleaning
Vehicle and brake test
Road test
45
km
th
18
-2
se
00
4
0
M
km
on
24
th
-3
se
00
6
0
M
km
on
30
th
se
00
0
km
36
00
0
km
42
00
0
km
48
00
0
km
54
00
0
km
60
00
0
km
66
00
0
km
72
00
0
km
s
M
on
th
-1
2
M
on
12
00
0
km
-2
km
60
00
10
00
Check level / top up every 3000 km
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL 125 C.C.
ENGINE OIL 250 C.C.
HUB OIL LEVER
DRIVE BELT 125 C.C.
DRIVE BELT 250 C.C.
TRANSMISSION
OIL FILTER 125 C.C.
OIL FILTER 250 C.C.
AIR FILTER
Check every 2 years
SECONDARY OIL FILTER 125 C.C.
SECONDARY OIL FILTER 250 C.C.
SPARK PLUG / ELECTRODE GAP
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND BATTERY
VALVE CLEARANCE
WHEEL BEARINGS
IDLE SPEED / FUEL – AIR MIXTURE
THROTTLE CONTROL
STEERING
BRAKE LEVERS
BRAKE PADS/SHOES
Replace every 2 years
BRAKE FLUID
LEVEL BRAKE FLUID
FLEXIBLE BRAKE FLUID PIPELINES
TYRE PRESSURE AND CONDITION
SUSPENSION
HEADLIGHT
Replace every 2 years
COOLING LIQUID
RADIATOR
NUTS, BOLTS AND AND FASTENINGS
VEHICLE AND BRAKE TEST
REMPLACE
46
CHECK
CLEAN
LUBRICATION
ADJUSTMENT
CARBURETTOR
U
O
- Disassemble all carburettor components, accurately wash
them in solvent, then dry them with compressed air. To ensure thorough cleaning, pay special attention to the passages
in the carburettor body.
- Carefully check the condition of all components.
- The throttle must slide freely in the chamber, if the play is
excessive because or wear-replace the throttle.
- Replace the carburettor if the chamber shows signs of wear
as to prejudice the valve’s regular seal or free sliding (though
it is new).
- When reassembling the carburettor, it is a good rule to
replace the gaskets.
WARNING
PETROL IS HIGHLY EXPLOSIVE. ALWAYS FIT NEW SEALS
AND GASKETS TO PREVENT LEAKAGE.
Diaphragm cover
Throttle valve spring
Conical needle support
Conical needle spring
Conical needle
Throttle valve diaphragm
Automatic starting device
Idle speed adjusting screw
Accelerating pump rocker
Idle mixture adjusting screw
Float pin
Accelerating pump assembly
Float
Float chamber
Idling Jet
Main jet
Diffuser
Float chamber drain screw
47
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
CHECKING
C
G
THE S
SPARK ADVANCE
C
- To check the ignition advance, use the stroboscopic lamp
with induction collet connected to the spark plug power supply cable.
- Connect the induction collet according to the right polarity
(the arrow on the collet must be facing the spark plug).’
- Set the lamp selector to the central position (1 spark = 1
driving shaft revolution as in 2 stroke engines).
- Start the engine and check that the lamp is in good working
order and that the rpm counter reads high speeds too (e.g.
8,000 rpm).
- If you detect abnormal flashes or rpm reads, increase the
resistive load on the spark plug supply line (10 - 15 KQ in
series with the H.V. cable).
Version 125
- Remove the slit plastic cap on the flywheel cover.
- Adjust the lamp flash dephasing corrector to make the reference on the flywheel cover collimate with the level on the
water pump drive. Read the advance degrees indicated by
the stroboscopic lamp.
Characteristic
Ignition advance (before T.D.C) 125
10° ± 1° at 2000 r.p.m. - 34° ± 1° at 6000 r.p.m
Version 250
- Remove the spark plug.
- Remove the plastic cover from the slotted hole on the
flywheel cover, indicated in the picture.
48
- Remove the transmission cooling air inlet, shown in the picture.
- Using a screwdriver rotate the fan, mounted onto the drive
pulley, until the marking on the flywheel is aligned with that
stamped on the fly-wheel cover, as shown in the picture.
- Mark the alignment between fan and transmission cover on
the transmission side, as shown in the picture.
- Refit the spark plug.
- Refit the plastic cover on the flywheel cover.
Characteristic
Spark advance check, 250cc
from 10°±1°a2000 rpm
through 28°±1°a6500 rpm
49
- Check that the advance degrees match the revolution speed as indicated in the tables.
- In case of abnormal values, check the Pick-Up and the control unit supplies (positive-negative); replace the
control unit, if required.
- A new control unit prevents the engine from rotating at over 2,000 rpm.
- The programmed control unit allows the engine revolution within the prescribed limits.
Specific tooling
020330Y Stroboscopic gun for two- and four-stroke engines
VERSION 125
SPARK ADVANCE VARIATION
SPECIFICATION
DESC./QUANTITY
Tripping threshold
First threshold: 10700 ±50
Second threshold: 11000 ±50
Restoration threshold
First threshold: 10600 ±50
Second threshold: 10900 ±50
Spark suppression
First threshold: 1 spark out of 7
Second threshold: 2 sparks out of 3
50
VERSION 250
SPARK ADVANCE VARIATION
SPECIFICATION
DESC./QUANTITY
Tripping threshold
First threshold : 9600 ±50
Second threshold : 9800 ±50
Restoration threshold
First threshold : 9500 ±50
Second threshold : 9700 ±50
Spark suppression
First threshold : 1 spark out of 7
Second threshold: 2 sparks out of 3
51
SPARK
PLUG
- Put the vehicle on the central stand.
- Open the door on the left side of the vehicle by levering in
the recess in the lower part of the door after removing the
screw.
- Disconnect the spark plug HV cable cap. - Unscrew the
spark plug with the spanner provided.
- Check the spark plug to see if the insulator is cracked, the
electrodes are worn out or excessively sooty. Also check the
condition of the seal washer and measure the spark gap with
a suitable thickness gauge.
- If necessary adjust the spark gap by carefully bending the
side electrode. If the spark plug has any of the defects mentioned above, replace it with a plug of the recommended
type.
- Insert the plug into the hole with the proper inclination,
screw it in fully by hand and then tighten itwitizthe specially
designed spanner.
- Push the spark plug cap all the way down onto the spark
plug and then proceed to the reassembly.
CAUTION
THE SPARK PLUG MUST BE REMOVED WITH COLD ENGINE. THE SPARK PLUG SHOULD BE REPLACED EVERY 12,000
KM. THE USE OF NONCONFORMING IGNITION CONTROLLERS, AND SPARK PLUGS OTHER THAN THOSE PRESCRIBED CAN SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE ENGINE.
Characteristic
Spark plug (250)~’^Z.S- iz5c)
CHAMPION RG4HC
Distance between the electrodes
mm 0,7 - 0,8
Pares de apriete (N.m)
Spark plug 12 ÷ 14
52
HUB
OIL
Check that there is oil in the rear hub. (quantity of oil contained ~ 250 cc). Proceed as follows in order to check the hub
oil level:
1) Take the vehicle to a flat area and rest it on the support.
2) Unscrew the oil bar «A», dry it with a clean cloth and reinsert it, screwing it in completely.
3) Extract the rod and check that the level is up to the mark
indicated in the image.
4) Screw the bar back in, checking that it is tightly in place.
N.B.
THE NOTCHES ON THE HUB OIL LEVEL BAR, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THAT INDICATING THE MAX LEVEL, REFER TO
SOME OF THE MANUFACTURER’S OTHER MODELS AND
HAVE NO SPECIFIC FUNCTION AS FAR AS REGARDS THIS
VEHICLE.
WARNING
USING THE VEHICLE’S HUB WITH INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION OR WITH CONTAMINATED OR IMPROPER LUBRICANTS, ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND TEAR OF THE MOVING PARTS AND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE.
ENVIRONMENT
THE OIL USED CONTAINS ENVIRONMENTALLY HARMFUL
SUBSTANCES. FOR THE REPLACEMENT OF THE HUB OIL
WE RECOMMEND TURNING TO AN AUTHORIZED PIAGGIO
SERVICE CENTRE THAT IS EQUIPPED FOR THE DISPOSAL
OF USED OIL IN RESPECT OF NATURE AND LEGAL REGULATIONS.
WARNING
WHEN REPLACING THE HUB OIL PREVENT IT FROM COMING
INTO CONTACT WITH THE REAR BRAKE DISC.
Recommended products
SAE 80W/90 Oil that passes API GL3 specifications
53
CHECK
- Move the vehicle to a flat ground and rest it on the stand.
- Unscrew the oil bar, dry it with a clean cloth and reinsert it,
screwing it in thoroughly.
- Extract the bar and check that the oil level reaches the second notch of the bar from the bottom.
- Screw the oil bar back on, checking that it is tightly in place.
Recommended products
Oil SAE 80W/90 of higher quality than API GL3 specifications
Locking torques (N*m)
Hub oil exhaust cap 15÷17
REPLACEMENT
- Remove oil filler plug “A”.
- Unscrew oil drain plug “B” and drain all the oil.
- Retighten the oil drain plug and then fill the hub with fresh
oil.
Recommended products
Rear hub oil
SAE 80W/90 Oil that passes API GL3 specifications
Locking torques (N*m)
Hub oil drain screw 15 - 17 Nm
AIR
FILTER
- Remove the left footboard and the left side pan- el as described in Chapter Bodywork.
- Remove the cleaner cap after loosening the 9 fixing
screws.
- Pull out the filter element.
- Replace the air filter with a new one.
54
N.B.
CHECK AND IF NECESSARY BLOW THE AIR FILTER EVERY
6,000 KM. DIRECT THE AIR JET FROM THE INSIDE TO THE
OUTSIDE OF THE FILTER (I.E. IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION
TO THE AIR FLOW DURING NORMAL ENGINE OPERATION).
EVERY 6,000 KM, DURING THE SCHEDULED SERVICE, REMOVE THE RETAINER, TAKE OFF THE RUBBER CAP FROM
UNDER THE FILTER BOX AS SHOWN IN THE FIGURE AND
DRAIN ANY OIL RESIDUES.
Cleaning (Every 12,000 Km):
- Wash with water and shampoo.
- Dry with light jets of compressed air and wipe with a clean
cloth.
- Soak with a 50 fuel-oil mixture for filters.
- Let the filter cartridge drip and then squeeze it between the
hands without wringing.
- Refit the filter element.
CAUTION
DO NOT RUN THE ENGINE IF THE AIR FILTER IS NOT IN
PLACE AS THIS WOULD RESULT IN EXCESSIVE WEAR OF
THE CYLINDER AND PISTON AS WELL AS IN DAMAGE TO
THE CARBURETTOR.
CAUTION
IF THE VEHICLE HAS RIDDEN ON DUSTY ROADS, THE AIR
FILTER MUST BE CLEANED MORE FREQUENTLY THAN WHAT
INDICATED IN THE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE.
Recommended products
Air filter sponge oil
Mineral oil with specific additives to increase adhesion
ISO VG 150
55
ENGINE
OIL
REPLACEMENT
The engine oil should be replaced after the first 1,000 km,
and then every 6,000 km for the 125cc version and 12,000
km for the 250cc version. The engine must be drained
through the net filter draining cap «B» on flywheel side; in
addition, to facilitate the drainage, oil dipstick «A» should be
loosen. Once the engine oil has been drained, remove oil
cartridge «C».
Since a certain oil quantity remains inside the circuit, the fillup must be carried out with 600-650cc of fresh oil poured
through filler cap «A». Hence start the vehicle, let the engine run for a few minutes, and then shut it back down; after
approx. five minutes, check the level and top-up if necessary, without exceeding the MAX mark.
N.B.
RENEW THE OIL WHEN THE ENGINE IS HOT.
Recommended products
Engine oil
Synthetic oil SAE 5W/40 of higher quality than API SJ
specifications
Locking torques (N*m)
Engine oil drain plug 24 - 30 N.m
CHECK
In four-stroke engines oil is used to lubricate the valve gear
components, the crankshaft bearings and the power plant. A
lack of engine oil can cause serious damage to the engine.
In all four-stroke engines, oil deterioration and consumption
are, to some extent, normal, especially during running-in.
Consumption partly depends on the riding style (for example,
constantly riding at full throttle increases oil consumption).
56
Perform this operation when the engine cold, as described below:
1) Put the vehicle on its central stand on a flat surface.
2) Unscrew dipstick “A”, dry it with a clean cloth and refit by
screwing it completely.
3) Remove the dipstick again and check that the oil level is
between the MAX and MIN marks on the dipstick; top up if
necessary.
The MAX level mark indicates an amount of about 1100 cc
of engine oil. The level will be lower if checked after using
the vehicle (i.e. when the engine is hot). To obtain a correct
indication of the oil level, wait for at least 10 minutes after
switching off the engine.
Characteristic
Engine oil (125)
-1100 cc
Engine oil (250)
-1200 cc
If the oil level is too low, top up by adding fresh oil without
exceeding the MAX level.
Approximately 400 cc of oil are needed to restore the level
between the MIN and MAX marks.
ENGINE
G
OIL FILTER
O
The oil cartridge must be replaced with every oil replacement. For top-ups and replacements only use fresh oil of the
recommended type.
Check that the net filter O-rings and drainage cap are not
worn out and in good conditions. Lubricate O-rings and replace net filter and oil drainage cap; tighten at the prescribed torque. Install the new cartridge filter after lubricating
the O-ring. Fill with fresh engine oil.
Recommended products
Engine oil 4T
Synthetic oil SAE 10W/40 of higher quality than API SJ
specifications
57
OIL
PRESSURE WARNING LIGHT
Oil pressure warning light. A warning light on the instrument
panel comes on when the ignition key is turned to the “ON”
position. The light must go out after the engine has started.
Should the warning light come on while braking, idling
or cornering, check the oil level and the lubrication
system as soon as possible.
CHECKING
THE IGNITION TIMING
- Remove the four fixing screws and detach the flywheel cover, with the water pump and hoses, from the engine.
- Turn the flywheel until the reference mark reaches the fine
machining on the crankcase, as shown in the picture (TDC).
Ensure the 4V mark, stamped on the camshaft drive pulley,
is aligned with the reference mark on the head, as shown
in the second figure. If the mark is on the opposite side of
the sign stamped on the head, crank the engine so that the
crankshaft computes a complete revolution.
- The TDC reference mark is also shown on the flywheel
cooling fan and cover.
In order to use these markings, remove the spark plug and
crank the crankshaft backwards, using a retaining tool to
hold the camshaft driving pulley.
N.B.
IF THE TIMING ASSEMBLY IS NOT IN PHASE, ADJUST IT AS
REQUIRED.
58
CHECKING
THE VALVE CLEARANCE
-To check the valve clearance, you have to make the point
references coincide
-Check that the clearance between the valve and register corresponds to the values shown using a proper thickness gauge. If the values of the valve clearances - intake and discharge, respectively are different than those given below, adjust
them by loosening the lock nut and using a screwdriver on
the register as shown in the figure.
Air intake:
Discharge:
COOLING
0,10 mm (cold)
0,15 mm (cold)
SYSTEM
TOP-UP
The fluid level inspection should be carried out every 6,000
km when the motor is cold, following the methods indicated
below:
- Rest the vehicle on the central stand and on a flat ground.
Accessing the coolant level indicator
To check the level of coolant, remove the cap on top (remove
screws 1 and 2).
- Top up, if ffie fluid leveT is near to or below the MIN level
into the expansion tank. The fluid level should always be between the MIN and MAX level.
- The cooling fluid consists of a mixture of 50 demineralised water and ethylene glycol and corrosion inhibitors based
anti-freeze solution.
ATENCIÓN
TO PREVENT THE COOLANT FROM LEAKING OUT OF THE
EXPANSION TANK DURING USE, BE SURE TO NEVER EXCEED THE MAX LEVEL WHEN REFILLING
59
BRAKING
SYSTEM
Level check
Proceed as follows:
- Rest the vehicle onto its centre-stand and align the handlebars;
- Check the liquid level through the inspection hole «A».
A certain decrease in the liquid level is due to the wear of
the pads.
Top-up
Use the following procedure:
Loosen the two screws, remove the reservoir cap, remove
the gasket and top up only with the prescribed fluid without
exceeding the maximum level.
CAUTION
USE ONLY DOT 4 BRAKE FLUID.
CAUTION
KEEP THE BRAKE FLUID AWAY FROM THE SKIN, THE EYES
AND CLOTHING. IN CASE OF CONTACT, RINSE GENEROUSLY WITH WATER.
CAUTION
THE BRAKE FLUID IS HIGHLY CORROSIVE. TAKE CARE NOT
TO SPILL IT ON THE PAINTWORK.
CAUTION
THE BRAKE FLUID IS HYGROSCOPIC, I.E. IT ABSORBS HUMIDITY FROM THE AIR. IF THE HUMIDITY CONTAINED IN THE
FLUID EXCEEDS A GIVEN CONCENTRATION, THE BRAKING
ACTION BECOMES INSUFFICIENT.
NEVER DRAW THE FLUID FROM OPEN OR PARTLY EMPTY
CONTAINERS.
UNDER NORMAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS THE FLUID
SHOULD BE RENEWED EVERY 20,000 KM, OR IN ANY CASE
EVERY TWO YEARS.
N.B.
CHANGE THE BRAKE FLUID AND BLEED THE SYSTEM AS
DESCRIBED IN CHAPTER BRAKING SYSTEM
Recommendede products
Synthetic fluid SAE J 1703 NHTSA 116 DOT 4, ISO 4925
60
HEADLIGHT
ADJUSTMENT
Proceed as follows:
1. Position the vehicle in riding conditions, and with the tyres
inflated at the prescribed pressure, on a horizontal surface
10m away from a half-lit white screen, ensuring the vertical
axis of the vehicle is perpendicular to the screen;
2. Turn on the headlight and check the distance between the
ground and the horizontal line which separates the lit area
from the dark region, is no more than 9/10 and not less than
7/10 of the height of the headlight, measured from the
ground;
3. If this is not the case, adjust the headlight via screw «A»,
which may be reached by removing the front grid.
WARNING
THE PROCEDURE DESCRIBED ABOVE COMPLIES WITH THE
“EURONORM” CONCERNING THE MAX. AND MIN. HEIGHT OF THE LIGHT BEAM OF A ROAD VEHICLE. PLEASE
CHECK WITH THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES FOR WHAT REQUIREMENTS MUST BE FULFILLED IN EVERY SINGLE COUNTRY
WHERE THE VEHICLE IS TO BE USED.
SAS
FILTERS INSPECTION AND CLEANING
ENGINE 250
- Remove the two screws shown in the picture.
61
- Remove the two screws shown in the picture.
- Remove the filter shown in the picture.
- Inspect the gasket.
- Ensure the SAS filter box is not cracked or deformed.
- Accurately clean the SAS filter. In the event of break-ups or
abnormal deformations, proceed with the replacement.
For the reassembly, follow the above operations in the reverse order.
CAUTION
IF THE VEHICLE HAS RIDDEN ON DUSTY ROADS, THE AIR
FILTER MUST BE CLEANED MORE FREQUENTLY THAN WHAT
INDICATED IN THE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE.
CAUTION
NEVER LET THE ENGINE RUN WITHOUT THE SECONDARY
AIR FILTER.
Engine 125
- Remove the flywheel cover.
- Remove the two SAS valve fixing screws, as shown in the
figure, and remove the SAS valve with its O-ring from the
bracket.
- Remove the plastic bracket with its packing as shown in the
picture.
62
- Ensure the SAS filter box is not cracked or deformed.
- Inspect the packing.
-Accurately clean external and internal filters. In the case
of break-ups or abnormal deformations, proceed with the
replacement
- Ensure the manifold channelling secondary air into the
head is not cracked, deformed, or has undergone overheats.
Replace as necessary.
- Ensure the metallic manifold is not cracked. For the reassembly, follow the above operations in the reverse order, taking particular care in correctly installing the rubber manifold connecting the SAS valve to the exhaust system.
CAUTION
LEAKS FROM THE MATING PLANE BETWEEN SAS VALVE
AND FLYWHEEL, RESULT IN AN INCREASE IN NOISE EMISSIONS FROM THE SAS.
CAUTION
IF THE VEHICLE HAS RIDDEN ON DUSTY ROADS, THE AIR
FILTER MUST BE CLEANED MORE FRE- QUENTLY THAN
WHAT INDICATED IN THE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE.
CAUTION
NEVER LET THE ENGINE RUN WITHOUT THE SECONDARY
AIR FILTER.
63
1. SEAT SIDE TRIM
• Extract the 3 securing screws (2 Philips 3.6x14 selftappers and one 5x16 Allen M3) from each cover.
2. COWLING
• Extract the 6 screws (5x12 Allen M3) from under the
cowling.
- Extract the drawer for the tool kit and its cover, by
removing the 2 Philips screws with washers.
• Extract the 8 top screws (Philips 3.6x14 self-tappers
with washer) and the 2 side screws (Philips
6x16 with washer).
• Pull the cowling backwards slightly to access the turn
indicator connections and disconnect them.
• Extract the cowling backwards.
N.B.
TO REPLACE THE PILOT LIGHTS IT IS ONLY NECESSARY
TO EXTRACT THE TWO PILOT LIGHT SCREWS.
64
3. LOWER COWLING COVER
• Extract the 2 securing screws (Philips 6x16 with washer)
N.B.
TO CONTINUE WITH THE HELMET HOLDER WE NEED
TO CONTINUE DISMANTLING THE FRONT PART, SINCE THE PETROL TANK FRONT BREATHER PIPE PASSES
THROUGH THE HELMET HOLDER.
4. WATER-OIL TANK COVER
• Extract the 2 top screws (Philips 5x12).
5. SIDE COVERS
• Pull them gently backwards.
65
6. SHIELD INNER COVER
• Extract the 2 screws (5x12 Allen M3).
• Extract the 3 top screws (2 Philips 3.6x14 self-tappers
and one6x16 Allen screw with washer).
7. BATTERY COVER
• Extract the Philips screw and separate the cover from
the 2 securing flaps.
8. PETROL TANK COVER
• Extract the bottom covers (left and right), by removing the 6 screws (Philips 5x16 with washer) and the two
air inputs, 3 screws (1 Philips 3x10 self-tapper, 1 Philips
3.6x10 self-tapper and 1 Philips 5x16), as there are 2
screws (Philips 6x16 with washer) that are inaccessible
without carrying out this step.
66
• After extracting the 6 side screws and the central
(Allen M3 5x12) screw from the tank cover, lift up the
tank cover.
8. HELMET CARRIER
• Remove the battery and cables.
• Extract the 6 securing screws (2 Philips 8x45, 2 Philips
6x19 with washer and 2 8x25 bolts), the petrol tank cover, the breather pipe and the seat opening cable.
67
9. FOOTRESTS
• Remove the 5 securing screws (2 Philips 6x16 with
large washer, 2 Philips 6x16 with small washer and 1
Philips 4.8x25 self-tapper), and the one joining the two
fairings.
10. SIDE COVERS
• Remove the 2 securing screws (1 Philips 6x16 with l
washer and 1 Philips 3.6x10 self-tapper), and the turn
indicator wire.
11. SHIELD
• Remove the helmet carrier.
• Extract the securing screw (Philips 6x16 with washer).
68
EXHAUST
ASSY.
REMOVAL
- Unloose the two fixings of the exhaust manifold on the
head.
- Unloose the 3 screws fixing the muffler to the supporting
arm.
- Remove the muffler assembly.
- For the reassembly, follow the operations indicated above
in the reverse order, complying with the tightening torques.
Locking torques (N*m)
Exhaust pipe/support bracket fixing screw 27 ÷ 30
Exhaust pipe/cylinder head fixing nut 16 ÷ 18
REMOVAL
O
OF THE ENGINE
O
G
FROM
O THE VEHICLE
C
- Disconnect the battery.
- Remove seat, side fairings
- Drain coolant.
- Remove the silencer assembly.
- Remove the silencer mounting bracket.
- Remove the rear wheel.
- Remove the bottom securing devices, shock absorbers and
the left and right-hand brackets corresponding to the rear
wheel flange.
69
- Remove the throttle cable.
- Detach the air filter bellow and manifold shown in the figure.
- Detach engine earth cable.
- Disconnect the electrical devices on the carburettor and the
starter motor power cord.
- Detach the inlet and outlet carburettor fuel lines and the
cooling circuit hoses (head outlet and thermostat inlet).
- Detach the spark plug H.T. cable.
- Detach the generator wiring from the vehicle’s electrical
circuit.
- Remove the swing-arm from the engine pivoting.
- The engine may now be removed.
WARNING
PERFORM THESE OPERATION WITH THE ENGINE COLD.
WARNING
BE VERY CAREFUL WHEN HANDLING FUEL.
ATENCIÓN
WHEN INSTALLING THE BATTERY, CONNECT THE POSITIVE
CABLE BEFORE CONNECTING THE NEGATIVE ONE
- For refitting the engine onto the vehicle, follow the above
operations in the reverse order, complying with the tightening torques given in the Characteristics chapter.
- Check engine oil level and top-up with recommended type
as required.
- Fill-up the cooling system.
- Carry out the inspection of throttle and electrical devices.
CAUTION
TAKE CARE NOT TO INVERT THE POSITION OF THE TWO
ACCELERATOR CONTROL TRANSMISSIONS. CHECK THAT
BOTH SHOW A SLIGHT PLAY WITH THE VALVE IN CONTACT
WITH THE REGISTER.
70
AUTOMATIC
TRANSMISSION
TRANSMISSION
COVER
To remove the transmission cover it is necessary to remove
the plastic cover first, using a screwdriver on the special guides. Using the clutch bell lock wrench shown in the figure,
remove the driven pulley axle locking nut and washer.
Specific tooling
020423Y driven pulley stop key
- Remove the cap/bar of the engine oil filling hole.
- Remove the 10 screws.
- Remove the transmission cover. If this operation is performed directly on the vehicle, it is necessary to remove the
transmission compartment cooling air sleeve first.
AIR
DUCT
- Remove the transmission cooling air inlet, shown in the picture.
Version 125
- Remove the 4 screws and the case.
71
- Remove the 5 screws located on two different surfaces and
the case.
REMOVING THE DRIVEN PULLEY SHAFT BEARING
- Remove the snap ring from the cover internalside.
- Remove the bearing from the case using:
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020375Y Adapter 28 x 30 mm
020412Y 15 mm guide
REFITTING
THE DRIVEN PULLEY SHAFT BEARING
- Slightly warm the inside of the case to prevent damaging
the painted surface.
- Install the bearing into its seat
- Replace the snap ring.
CAUTION
USE AN APPROPRIATE REST SURFACE TO AVOID DAMAGING THE COVER PAINT.
N.B.
ALWAYS REPLACE THE BEARING WITH A NEW ONE UPON
REASSEMBLY.
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020357Y 32 x 35 mm adaptor
020412Y 15 mm guide
72
BAFFLE ROLLER
O
PLASTIC
ROLLER
- To reassemble, install the roller with the containment edge
on the engine crankcase side.
- Tighten the wrench at the prescribed torque.
- Check that the roller is free from wear and that itrotates
freely.
- Remove the special fixing screw as shown in the figure.
- Ensure that the roller outside diameter exhibits no anomalies that may affect the belt operation.
Locking torques (N*m)
Anti-flapping roller 12÷16
REMOVING THE DRIVEN PULLEY
Remove the spacer, the clutch bell and the entire driven pulley assembly.
N.B.
THE ASSEMBLY MAY ALSO BE REMOVED WITH THE DRIVING PULLEY ON.
INSPECTING THE CLUTCH DRUM
- Check that the clutch bell is not worn or damaged.
- Measure the clutch bell inside diameter.
Characteristic
Max value clutch bell
Max value: Ø 134,5 mm
Standard value clutch bell
Standard value: Ø 134,2 mm
73
Checking the bell working surface eccentricity
- Install the bell on a driven pulley shaft using 2 bearings
(inside diameter 15 and 17 mm).
- Lock using the original spacer and nut.
- Place the bell/shaft assembly on the support to check the
driving shaft alignment.
- Using a feeler pin comparator and the magnetic base,
measure the bell eccentricity.
- Repeat the measure in 3 positions (Central, internal, external).
- In case of anomalies, replace the bell.
Specific tooling
020074Y Crankshaft aligning tool
020335Y Magnetic stand and comparator
Technical characteristics
Checking the clutch bell housing:
Eccentricity limit.
Acceptable eccentricity limit: 0.15 mm
REMOVING THE CLUTCH
Clutch removal (125cc H20)
- Prepare the specific driven pulley spring compressor tool
with the medium length pins in position «F» tightened on the
inside of the tool.
- Introduce the adapter ring n° 8 into the pins.
- Install the driven pulley assembly on the tool and the nail
heads into the adapters.
74
- Make sure that the clutch is perfectly inserted into the
adapter ring before proceeding to release and tighten the
clutch nut.
- Using the specific wrench 46x55 component n° 9, remove
the clutch fixing nut.
- Separate the components of the driven pulley (clutch, fan
and spring with plastic rest).
CAUTION
THE TOLL MUST BE TIGHTLY FIXED IN THE VICE AND THE
CENTRAL SCREW MUST BE MOVED IN ABUTMENT WITH
THE TOOL. AN EXCESSIVE TORQUE MAY DEFORM THE SPECIFIC TOOL.
Specific tooling
020444Y009 wrench 46 x 55
020444Y008 adapter ring
Version 250
Prepare the specific driven pulley spring compressor tool
with the medium length pins in position «C» tightened on the
inside of the tool.
- Introduce the adapter ring n° 11 with the chamfering facing
the inside of the tool.
- Install the driven pulley assembly onto the tool inserting
the 3 pins into the ventilation holes obtained on the mass
holding support.
- Make sure that the clutch is perfectly inserted into the
adapter ring before proceeding to release and tighten the
clutch nut.
- Using the specific wrench 46x55 component n° 9, remove
the clutch fixing nut.
- Separate the components of the driven pulley (clutch and
spring with plastic rest).
CAUTION
THE TOLL MUST BE TIGHTLY FIXED IN THE VICE AND THE
CENTRAL SCREW MUST BE MOVED IN ABUTMENT WITH
THE TOOL. AN EXCESSIVE TORQUE MAY DEFORM THE SPECIFIC TOOL.
Utillaje específico
020444Y011 Adapter ring
020444Y009 wrench 46 x 55
020444Y Driven half pulley spring compressor tool
75
INSPECTING
S C
G THE C
CLUTCH
U C
- Check the thickness of the clutch mass friction material.
- The masses must exhibit no traces of lubricants; in that
case, check the driven pulley unit seals.
N.B.
UPON RUNNING-IN, THE MASSES MUST EXHIBIT A CENTRAL CONTACT SURFACE AND MUST NOT BE DIFFERENT
FROM ONE ANOTHER.DIFFERENT CONDITIONS MAY
CAUSE THE CLUTCH TEARING.
CAUTION
DO NOT OPEN THE MASSES USING TOOLS TO PREVENT A
VARIATION IN THE RETURN SPRING LOAD.
Characteristic
Check. Minimum thickness
1 mm
PIN RETAINING COLLAR
- Remove the collar by hand by turning and pulling at the
same time.
N.B.
IN CASE OF DIFFICULTIES, USE 2 SCREW DRIVERS.
N.B.
BE CAREFUL NOT TO INSERT THE SCREW-DRIVERS TOO
MUCH TO PREVENT DAMAGES THAT COULD AFFECT THE
0-RING SEAL.
- Remove the 4 pins of the servo-system and separate the
half-pulleys.
76
REMOVING
O
G THE DRIVEN HALF-PULLEY
U
BEARING
G
- Check that there is no wear and/or noise; if not, replace.
- Remove the lock ring using two flat blade screw-drivers.
- Suitably support the pulley bushing from the threaded side
on a wooden surface.
- Remove the ball bearing as shown in the figure, using a pin
and a hammer.
- Suitably support the pulley.
Specific tooling
001467Y035 Bell
- Remove the roller bearing using the modular punch.
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020456Y Ø 24 mm adaptor
020363Y 20mm guide
INSPECTING
S C
G THE DRIVEN FIXED HALF-PULLEY
U
Version 125
- Measure the pulley bushing outside diameter.
- Check that the contact surface with the belt is free from
abnormal wear.
Characteristic
Standard diameter half-pulley
Standard diameter: Ø 40,985 mm
Minimum diameter half-pulley
Minimum admissible diameter: Ø 40,96 mm
77
Version 250
- Measure the pulley bushing outside diameter.
- Check that the contact surface with the belt is free from
abnormal wear.
- Check the riveting.
- Check the belt contact surface planarity.
Characteristic
Minimum diameter half-pulley
Minimum admissible diameter: Ø 40,96 mm
Standard diameter half-pulley
Standard diameter: Ø 40,985 mm
Wear limit
0,3 mm
INSPECTING THE DRIVEN SLIDING HALF-PULLEY
Version 125
- Remove the 2 inside sealing rings and the 2 O-rings
- Measure the mobile half-pulley bushing inside diameter
Characteristic
Maximum diameter mobile driven half-pulley
Maximum admissible diameter: Ø 41,08 mm
Standard diameter mobile driven half-pulley
Standard diameter: Ø 41,000 - 41,035 mm
Version 250
- Remove the 2 inside sealing rings and the 2 O-rings;
- Measure the mobile half-pulley bushing inside diameter.
78
- Check that the surface of contact with the belt does not
show abnormal wear.
- Check the functionality of the riveting.
- Check the planarity of the belt surface of contact.
MOBILE LINE HALF PULLEY DIMENSIONS
SPECIFICATION
DESC./QUANTITY
Wear limit
0,3 mm
Standard diameter
Ø 41,000 + 41,035
Maximum admissible diameter
0 41,08 mm
REFITTING THE DRIVEN HALF-PULLEY BEARING
- Suitably support the pulley bushing from the threaded side
on a wooden surface.
- Install a new roller casing as shown in the figure.
- To install the new ball bearing, proceed as shown in the
figure using the modular punch.
- Install the lock ring
N.B.
INSTALL THE BEARING WITH VISIBLE SCREENING.
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020375Y Adapter 28 x 30 mm
020424Y Driven pulley roller casing drift
79
REFITTING
G THE DRIVEN PULLEY
U
Version 125
- Insert the new oil guards and O-Rings on the mobile halfpulley.
- Slightly grease the O-Rings (A) shown in the figure.
- Install the half pulley on the bushing using the specific tool
- Check that the pins are free from wear and reassemble into
the relative slits.
- Replace the collar to close the servo-system.
Using a bent beak greaser, lubricate the driven pulley unit
with about 6 gr. of grease, this operation should be carried
out through one of the two holes into the bushing to obtain
the exit of the grease from the opposite hole.
This operation is required to prevent the presence of grease
beyond the O-rings.
N.B.
THE SERVO-SYSTEM MAY BE LUBRICATED BOTH WITH BEARINGS MOUNTED OR UPON THEIR REPLACEMENT; THE INTERVENTION CARRIED OUT DURING THE BEARING OVERHAULING MAY BE EASIER
Specific tooling
020263Y Protective sheath
Recommended products
Grease for the phonic wheel turning ring
Molybdenum disulphide grease and lithium soap
80
Version 250
- Insert the new oil guards and O-Rings on the mobile halfpulley.
- Slightly grease the O-Ring «A» shown in the figure.
- Install the half pulley on the bushing using thespecific tool.
- Check that the pins are free from wear and reassemble into
the relative slits.
- Replace the collar to close the servo-system.
- Using a bent beak greaser, lubricate the driven pulley unit
with about 6 gr. of grease, this operation should be carried
out through one of the two holes into the bushing to obtain
the exit of the grease from the opposite hole.
This operation is required to prevent the presence of grease
beyond the O-rings.
N.B.
THE SERVO-SYSTEM MAY BE LUBRICATED BOTH WITH BEARINGS MOUNTED OR UPON THEIR REPLACEMENT; THE INTERVENTION CARRIED OUT DURING THE BEARING OVERHAULING MAY BE EASIER
Specific tooling
020263Y Protective sheath
Recommended products
Grease for the phonic wheel turning ring
Molybdenum disulphide grease and lithium soap
INSPECTING
S C
G THE C
CLUTCH
U C S
SPRING
G
Version 250
- Measure the free length of the mobile driven half-pulley
spring.
Characteristic
Standard length (125)
106mm
Limit after use (125)
101 mm
Standard length (200 - 250)
123 mm
Limit after use (200 - 250)
118 mm
81
REFITTING
G THE C
CLUTCH
U C
- Support the driven pulley spring compressor specific tool
with the control screw in vertical axis.
- Arrange the tool with the medium length pins screwed in
position «C» on the inside.
- Introduce the adapter ring n° 11 with the chamfering facing
upwards.
- Insert the clutch on the adapter ring.
- Lubricate the end of the spring that abuts against the servosystem closing collar.
- Insert the spring with relevant plastic support in contact
with the clutch.
- insert the driving belt into the pulley unit according to their
direction of rotation.
- Insert the pulley unit with the belt into the tool.
- Slightly pre-load the spring.
- Make sure that the clutch is perfectly inserted into the adapter ring before proceeding to tighten the clutch nut.
- Place the tool into the vice with the control screw in horizontal axis.
- Fully pre-load the spring.
- Apply the clutch fixing nut and tighten it at the prescribed
torque using the specific wrench 46x55.
- Loosen the tool clamp and insert the belt according to its
direction of rotation.
- Lock the driven pulley again using the specific tool.
- Pre-load the clutch contrast spring by turning and pulling
at the same time and place the belt in the minimum rolling
diameter position.
- Remove the driven pulley /belt assembly from the tool.
82
N.B.
DURING THE SPRING PRE-LOADING STEP, BE CAREFUL
NOT TO DAMAGE THE SPRING PLASTIC ABUTMENT AND
THE BUSHING THREADING.
N.B.
FOR DESIGN REASONS, THE NUT IS SLIGHTLY ASYMMETRIC; THE SURFACE SHOULD BE MOUNTED IN CONTACT
WITH THE CLUTCH.
Specific tooling
020444Y Driven half pulley spring compressor tool
020444Y011 Adapter ring
020444Y009 wrench 46 x 55
Locking torques (N*m)
Nut locking clutch assembly on pulley 55 ÷ 60 Nm
Version 125
- Support the driven pulley spring compressor specific tool
with the control screw in vertical axis.
- Arrange the tool with the medium length pins screwed in
position «F» on the inside.
- Introduce the adapter ring n° 8 into the pins.
- Pre-assemble the clutch cooling fan in the position in which
the keying facets are aligned and the 3 pin heads (A) are
fully visible.
- Insert the clutch on the adapter ring.
- Lubricate the end of the spring that abuts against the servosystem closing collar.
- Insert the spring with relevant plastic support in contact
with the clutch.
- Insert the driving belt into the pulley unit according to their
direction of rotation.
83
- Insert the pulley unit with the belt into the tool.
- Slightly pre-load the spring.
- Make sure that the clutch is perfectly inserted into the adapter ring before proceeding to tighten the clutch nut.
- Place the tool into the vice with the control screw in horizontal axis.
- Fully pre-load the spring.
- Apply the clutch fixing nut and tighten it at the prescribed
torque using the specific wrench 46x55.
- Loosen the tool clamp and insert the belt according to its
direction of rotation.
- Lock the driven pulley again using the specific tool.
- Pre-load the clutch contrast spring by turning and pulling at
the same time, up to reaching the maximum pulley opening
and place the belt on the minimum rolling diameter.
- Remove the driven pulley /belt assembly from the tool.
N.B.
FOR DESIGN REASONS, THE NUT IS SLIGHTLY ASYMMETRIC; THE SURFACE SHOULD BE MOUNTED IN CONTACT
WITH THE CLUTCH.
N.B.
DURING THE SPRING PRE-LOADING STEP, BE CAREFUL
NOT TO DAMAGE THE SPRING PLASTIC ABUTMENT AND
THE BUSHING THREADING.
N.B.
AN EXCESSIVE AMOUNT COULD IMPAIR THE CLUTCH
FUNCTIONS.
Specific tooling
020444Y011 Adapter ring
020444Y009 wrench 46 x 55
Locking torques (N*m)
Clutch fixing
84
REFITTING
G THE DRIVEN PULLEY
U
- Reinstall the clutch bell and the spacer.
DRIVE-BELT
- Ensure the drive-belt is not damaged.
- Check the drive-belt width.
Characteristic
Driving belt minimum width
21.5 mm
Driving belt standard width
22,5±0,2 mm
Driving belt 250 4T - minimum width
19,5 mm
Driving belt 250 4T - standard width
21,3 ±0,2 mm
During the wear check to be performed according to the scheduled maintenance in the 6,000 Km inspection, in the 18,000
Km inspection, etc., it is advisable to check that the tooth groove bottom is free from deformations and cracks (see figure). In
case of cracks, the belt must be replaced. «A»: The tooth groove
bottom must be free from deformations and cracks; if not, replace the belt.
85
REMOVING
O
G THE DRIVING
G PULLEY
U
Driving pulley removal (125)
- Using the specific tool, remove the nut with the built-in
spring washer, the drive for the versions with kick-starter,
and the steel washer.
- Remove the fixed driving half-pulley.
- Remove the steel separation washer from the bushing.
Specific equipment and tools:
020368Y driving pulley stop wrench
VERSION 250
- Turn the driving shaft until the pulley slots are with vertical
axis.
- Insert the adaptor shim cylinder of the specific tool into the
seat shown in the photo.
- Insert the tool into the slots and apply the bull ring.
- Bring the ring’s fixing screws close while keeping the tool resting on the pulley.
Specific tooling
020626Y driving pulley stop key
86
- Remove the fixing nut and washer.
- Remove the fixed driving half pulley.
INSPECTING THE ROLLERS CASE
- Ensure the internal bearing, shown in the figure, is not abnormally worn and measure the internal diameter.
- Measure the external diameter of the pulley sliding bushing, shown in the figure.
- Ensure rollers are not damaged or worn.
- Ensure the roller plate shoes are not damaged.
- Check the wear of the roller housings and of the belt contact surfaces on both half-pulleys.
- Ensure the fixed driving pulley exhibits no abnormal wear
on the grooved profile and on the belt contact surface.
- Ensure the 0-ring is not deformed.
CAUTION
DO NOT LUBRICATE OR CLEAN THE BUSHES.
Characteristic
Mobile driving half pulley brass: Standard Diameter
26,000 - 26,021 mm
Mobile driving half pulley brass: Max allowed diameter
26,12 mm
87
Sliding shim cylinder: Standard Diameter
Ø 25,959 - 25,98 mm
Sliding shim cylinder: Min. Allowed diameter
Ø 25,95 mm
Roller (125cc): Standard diameter
Ø 18,9 - 19,1 mm
Roller: Standard Diameter
Ø 20,5-20,7mm
Roller (125cc): Minimum diameter
Ø 18,5 mm
Roller: Min. Allowed diameter
Ø 20 mm
REFITTING THE DRIVING PULLEY
- Mount the steel shim in contact with the shim cylinder and
the fixed driving half pulley.
- Install the specific tool as described in the disassembly stage.
- Tighten the nut with washer to the prescribed torque.
Specific tooling
020626Y driving pulley stop key
Locking torques (N*m)
Driving pulley screw 75 ÷ 83
Version 125
- Properly reinstall the bendix into its seat, if removed.
- Reinstall the group components (inside shim, fixed half-pulley, outside shim, drive and nut), apply thread-holding Loctite type “Super Rapido” 243 on the threading and tighten the
nut at the prescribed torque.
- Prevent the half-pulley rotation using the specific lock wrench.
88
- Turn the engine by hand to obtain a minimum tension of
the belt.
CAUTION
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO INSTALL THE FIXED DRIVING
HALF-PULLEY WITH THE BELT TOTALLY FREE TO PREVENT A
FALSE LOCKING OF THE DRIVING HALF-PULLEY.
Specific tooling
020368Y driving pulley stop wrench
Locking torques (N*m)
Driving pulley screw 75 ÷ 83
- Pre-assemble the mobile half-pulley with the roller contrast
plate, placing the rollers in the specific slits with the larger
matching surface in contact with the pulley according to the
direction of rotation.
- Check that the roller contact plate exhibits no anomalies or
damages on the grooved profile.
- Install the group with the bushing on the driving shaft.
- Install the driven pulley/clutch/belt assembly on the engine.
REFITTING THE TRANSMISSION COVER
- Check the presence of the 2 centring dowels and the correct installation of the sealing gasket for the oil sump on the
transmission cover.
- Replace the cover tightening the 10 screws at the prescribed torque.
- Replace the oil loading cap/bar.
89
- Replace the steel washer and the driven pulley nut.
- Tighten the nut at the prescribed torque using the lock
wrench and the dynamometric wrench tools.
- Replace the plastic cover.
Specific tooling
020423Y driven pulley stop key
Locking torques (N*m)
Cover screws 11-13 Driven pulley axis 54 ÷ 60
END GEAR
REMOVING THE HUB COVER
- Drain the rear hub by the oil drainage cap.
- Remove the 7 flanged screws shown in the figure.
- Remove the hub cover and the relevant gasket.
REMOVING THE WHEEL AXLE
- Remove the wheel axle with gear.
- Remove the intermediate gear.
90
REMOVING THE HUB BEARINGS
- Check all bearings (wear, clearance and noise). In case of
anomalies, proceed as follows.
- To remove the 3 15-mm bearings (2 on the crankcase and
1 on the hub cover) use the specific removing tool.
Specific tooling
001467Y01315-mm pliers
REMOVING THE WHEEL AXLE BEARINGS
- Remove the snap ring from the hub cover outside.
- Support the hub cover and eject the bearing.
- Remove the oil guard using the specific tools, as shown in
the figure.
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020477Y Adapter 37 mm
020483Y 30 mm guide
020359Y 42 x 47 mm hub bearing fitting adaptor
91
REMOVING THE DRIVEN PULLEY SHAFT BEARING
- If you have to remove the driven pulley shaft, the relevant
bearing and the oil guard, remove the transmission cover
and the clutch unit as described before.
- Extract the driven pulley shaft from the bearing.
- Remove the oil guard using a screwdriver from the inside of
the bearing, and being careful not to damage the seat, make
it slide out from the belt transmission side.
- Remove the snap ring shown in the figure.
- Remove the driven pulley shaft bearing using the modular
punch.
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020375Y Adapter 28 x 30 mm
020363Y 20mm guide
INSPECTING
S C
G THE HUB
U S
SHAFT
- Check that the three shafts exhibit no wear or deformation
on the toothed surfaces, at the bearing connections and at
the oil guards.
- In case of anomalies, replace the damaged components.
INSPECTING THE HUB COVER
- Check that the matching surfaces exhibit no deformations.
- Check the bearing connections.
- In case of anomalies, replace the damaged components.
92
REFITTING THE WHEEL AXLE BEARING
- Place the hub cover on a wooden surface.
- Warm the cover case by the specific thermal gun.
- Install the wheel axle bearing using the modular punch as
shown in the figure.
- Install the snap ring.
- Install the oil guard with the sealing lip facing the inside of
the hub and place it flush with the internal surface using the
specific tool on the 52 mm side.
The 52-mm side of the adapter must face the bearing.
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020360Y 52 x 55 mm adaptor
020483Y 30 mm guide
REFITTING THE HUB COVER BEARINGS
To install the hub box bearings you must warm the engine
crankcase and the cover by the specific thermal gun.
- The three 15-mm bearings must be installed using the specific tools: The 42-mm side of the adapter must face the bearing.
93
Specific tooling
020151 Y Air heater
020376Y Handle for punches
020359Y 42 x 47 mm hub bearing fitting adaptor
020412Y 15 mm guide
N.B.
TO INSTALL THE BEARING ON THE COVER, SUITABLY SUPPORT THE COVER BY THE COLUMN KIT
Replace the driven pulley axle bearing using the modular
punch as shown in the figure.
N.B.
IF THE”BEARING IS OF THE ASYMMETRIC BALL CONTAINMENT TYPE, PLACE IT WITH VISIBLE BALLS ON THE HUB
INTERNAL SIDE.
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020359Y 42 x 47 mm hub bearing fitting adaptor
020363Y 20mm guide
N.B.
TO INSTALL THE BEARINGS ON THE ENGINE CRANKCASE
THE LATTER SHOULD BE SUPPORTED ON A SURFACE TO
ALLOW PLACING THE BEARINGS VERTICALLY.
Replace the snap ring placing the opening at the side opposed the bearing and the new oil guard flush with the crankcase on the pulley side.
94
REFITTING THE HUB BEARINGS
- Install the 3 shafts in the engine crankcase as shown in the
figure.
REFITTING THE HUB COVER
- Install a new gasket with the centring dowels.
- Seal the vent pipe gasket using black silicone sealant.
- Install the cover checking the correct position of the vent
pipe.
- Place the 3 shorter screws that can be recognised by the
different colour as shown in the figure.
- Fix the vent pipe support bracket using the lower short
screw.
- Install the remaining 4 screws and tighten the 7 screws at
the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Hub cover screws 24 ÷ 27
FLYWHEEL CO
COVER
REMOVING THE HUB COVER
Version 125
- Remove the two clamps, the two sleeves and empty the
cooling system.
- Remove the 4 attachments and the flywheel cover.
95
Version 125
- Remove the clamp fastening the coupling to the cylinder.
- Remove the 10 clamps.
- Remove the flywheel cover.
REMOVING
O
G THE S
STATOR
O
Version 125
- Remove the oil minimum pressure switch electric terminal.
- Remove the 2 Pick-Up screws and the screw of the wiring
fixing bracket, along with the 2 stator fixing screws shown in
the figure.
- Remove the stator and its wires.
Version 250
- Remove the 2 Pick-Up screws and the screw of the wiring
fixing bracket, along with the 3 stator fixing screws shown in
the figure.
- Remove the stator and its wires.
96
REFITTING THE STATOR
Version 125
- Replace stator and flywheel performing the operations for
removal in the reverse order and tighten the fixing screws at
the prescribed torque.
- Place the wiring as shown in the figure.
- Stator and Pick-Up screws
N.B.
THE PICK-UP CABLE MUST BE PLACED BETWEEN THE TOP
SCREW AND THE REFERENCE DOWEL AS SHOWN IN THE
FIGURE.
Locking torques (N*m)
Stator cover screws (°) 3 ÷ 4
Version 250
- Replace stator and flywheel performing the operations for
removal in the reverse order and tighten the fixing screws at
the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Stator cover screws (°) 3 ÷ 4
REFITTING THE FLYWHEEL COVER
Version 125
- Place the flywheel with the top dead centre reference aligned with the crankcase reference.
- Prepare the flywheel cover by aligning the references between drive and cover case.
- Reinstall the cover on the engine inserting the three columns in the water pump drive.
- Perform the operations for removal in the reverse order.
CAUTION
CHECK THE PROPER POSITION OF THE FLYWHEEL CONNECTOR. CHECK THE PRESENCE OF THE TWO CENTRING
DOWELS.
97
- Position the keying clamp on the driving shaft and direct the
end as shown in the figure.
- Position the water pump shaft by referring to the transmission gear seat as shown in the photo.
- Reassemble the cover on the engine and tighten the screws
to the prescribed torque
.
- Perform the operations for removal in the reverse order.
CAUTION
CHECK THE PROPER POSITION OF THE FLYWHEEL CONNECTOR. CHECK THE PRESENCE OF THE TWO CENTRING
DOWELS.
Locking torques (N*m)
Flywheel cover screws 11 ÷ 13
FLYWHEEL AND STARTING
REMOVING THE STARTER MOTOR
Version 125
- Remove the two screws shown in the figure
- Extract the motor from its seat
98
Version 250
- Remove the two screws shown in the figure.
- Extract the motor from its seat.
REMOVING THE FLYWHEEL MAGNETO
- Hold the flywheel using the adjustable spanner.
- Remove the lock-nut.
- Extract the flywheel.
CAUTION
USING A DIFFERENT WRENCH COULD DAMAGE THE STATOR COILS.
Specific tooling
020565Y Compass flywheel stop spanner
008564Y Flywheel extractor
- Remove the water pump shaft and driving shaft keying
spring.
99
- Line up the 2 holes on the flywheel as shown in the photo
- Tighten the guide shim cylinder that is part of the specific
flywheel stop key on the flywheel as shown in the photo.
- Insert the specific flywheel stop key into the flywheel as
shown in the photo.
Specific tooling
020627Y flywheel stop key.
- Remove the flywheel fixing nut with relative washer
- Screw back on the flywheel fixing nut by 3 or 4 threads so
that the flywheel does not accidentally fall during extraction
- Screw the extractor on the flywheel and extract as shown
in the photo
Specific tooling
020467Y Flywheel extractor
100
INSPECTING THE FLYWHEEL COMPONENTS
- Check the integrity of the internal plastic parts of the
flywheel and the Pick-Up control plate.
REFITTING THE FLYWHEEL MAGNETO
- Install the flywheel being careful to the proper introduction
of the key.
- Tighten the flywheel nut at the prescribed torque.
- Check that the Pick-Up air gap ranges between 0.34 ÷
0.76 mm.
- The Pick-Up assembly requires no gap adjustment.
- Different values are caused by deformations of the Pick-Up
support.
N.B.
A VARIATION IN THE GAP DISTANCE CHANGES THE MINIMUM DELIVERY SPEED OF THE IGNITION SYSTEM.
Specific tooling
020565Y Compass flywheel stop spanner
Locking torques (N*m)
Flywheel nut 54 ÷ 60
- Remove the free wheel retaining plate shown in the picture.
- Remove the intermediate gear and the free wheel.
101
- Insert the free wheel on the flywheel as shown in the picture.
- Hence refit the flywheel with the intermediate gear and the
free wheel.
- Using the special flywheel retaining tool, tighten the locknut to the prescribed torque.
- Refit the retaining plate.
Specific tooling
020627Y flywheel stop key
Locking torques (N*m)
Flywheel lock-nut 94 ÷ 102
REFITTING
G THE S
STARTER MOTOR
O O
Version 250
- Install a new O-Ring on the starter motor and lubricate it.
- Install the starter motor on the engine crankcase and tighten the 2 screws at the prescribed torque.
- Replace the remaining parts as described in the Timing head
cylinder, lubrication, flywheel and transmission chapters.
Locking torques (N*m)
TStarter motor screws 11 ÷ 13
Version 125
- Install a new O-Ring on the starter motor and lubricate it.
- Install the starter motor on the engine crankcase and tighten the 2 screws at the prescribed torque.
- Replace the remaining parts as described in the Timing head
cylinder, lubrication, flywheel and transmission chapters.
Locking torques (N*m)
Starter motor screws 11 ÷ 13
102
CYLINDER ASSY. AND TIMING SYSTEM
REMOVING THE INTAKE MANIFOLD
- Remove the flywheel cover as described in the Flywheel
cover chapter.
- Loosen the 3 screws and remove the intake manifold.
N.B.
VERSION 125 CC IS PROVIDED WITH ANTITAMPERING
SCREWS.
REMOVING THE ROCKER-ARMS COVER
Remove the 5 screws shown in the figure.
REMOVING THE TIMING SYSTEM DRIVE
- Remove all of the parts below: transmission cover, driving
pulley with belt, start-up pinion, oilsump with spring and bypass piston, oil pump pulley cover, O-Ring on the driving
shaft and pinion separating washer.
- Remove the tappet cover.
- Remove the central screw and the valve lifting mass stop
bell shown in the figure.
- Remove the return spring of the automatic valve lifting
mass, the valve lifting mass with relevant travel end washer.
103
- Loosen the tightener central screw.
- Remove the 2 attachments shown in the figure.
- Remove the tightener with relevant gasket.
- Remove the inside hexagon screw and the balance weight
shown in the figure.
- Remove the camshaft control pulley and the relevant washer.
- Remove the control pinion and the timing belt.
- Remove the screw shown in the figure, the spacer and the
tightener sliding block.
The tightener sliding block must be removed from the transmission side. As regards the lower chain guiding sliding
block, it can only be removed after the head removal.
N.B.
IT IS ADVISABLE TO MARK THE CHAIN IN ORDER TO ENSURE THAT THE INITIAL DIRECTION OF ROTATION IS MAINTAINED.
104
REMOVING THE CAM SHAFT
- Remove the 2 screws and the camshaft fixing bracket shown
in the figure.
- Remove the camshaft.
- Remove pins and rockers by the flywheel side holes.
N.B.
IN CASE OF NEED, THE HEAD MAY BE REMOVED WITH THE
CAMSHAFT, PINS, ROCKERS AND FIXING BRACKET.
THE HEAD CAN ALSO BE REMOVED WITHOUT REMOVING
THE CHAIN AND THE DRIVING SHAFT CHAIN TIGHTENER.
REMOVING THE CYLINDER HEAD
- Remove the spark plug.
- Remove the 2 side attachments shown in the figure.
- Loosen the 4 head-cylinder fastening nuts in 2 or 3 times
and in a crossed sequence.
- Remove the head, the 2 centring dowels and the gasket.
N.B.
IN CASE OF NEED, THE HEAD MAY BE REMOVED WITH THE
CAMSHAFT, PINS, ROCKERS AND FIXING BRACKET. THE
HEAD CAN ALSO BE REMOVED WITHOUT REMOVING THE
CHAIN AND THE DRIVING SHAFT CHAIN TIGHTENER.
105
REMOVING THE VALVES
- Using the specific tool with adapter, remove half-cones,
plates, springs and valves.
- Remove the oil guards by the specific tool.
- Remove the lower spring supports.
CAUTION
PLACE THE VALVES SO AS TO RECOGNISE THEIR ORIGINAL
POSITION ON THE HEAD.
Specific tooling
020382Y011 Bushing (valve remover)
020382Y Tool for removing valve cotters equipped with
part 012
020306Y Valve sealing ring drift
REMOVING THE CYLINDER - PISTON ASSY
Cylinder and piston removal
- Remove the chain guide sliding block.
- Extract the cylinder.
- Remove the cylinder base gasket.
- Remove the 2 lock rings, the pin and the piston.
- Remove the piston sealing rings.
CAUTION
BE CAREFUL NOT TO DAMAGE THE SEALING RINGS DURING REMOVAL
N.B.
TO PREVENT DAMAGES TO THE PISTON, SUPPORT IT WHILE REMOVING THE CYLINDER.
106
INSPECTING THE SMALL END
- Using a micrometer, measure the connecting rod small end
diameter.
N.B.
IF THE CONNECTING ROD SMALL END DIAMETER EXCEEDS
THE STANDARD DIAMETER, EXHIBITS WEAR OR OVERHEATING, PROCEED TO REPLACE THE DRIVING SHAFT.
Characteristic
Checking the connecting rod small end: Maximum diameter
15.030mm
Checking the connecting rod small end: Standard diameter
15.015-15.025mm
INSPECTING THE WRIST PIN
- Check the pin outside diameter.
- Calculate the coupling clearance between pin and connecting rod end.
Characteristic
Piston pin diameter : Standard clearance
0,015÷0,029 mm
Piston pin diameter : Standard diameter
14,996÷15,000 mm
INSPECTING THE PISTON
Version 125
- Measure the diameter of the wrist pin housing on piston.
- Estimate the clearance between wrist pin and piston.
- Measure the external diameter of the piston, perpendicular
to the wrist pin diameter.
- Take this measurement at 41.1 mm from the piston crown,
in the position shown in the figure.
- Clean the piston ring grooves thoroughly.
107
- Using appropriate feeler gauges, measure the clearance
between piston rings and grooves, as shown in the figure.
- If such clearances exceed the limits given in the table below, replace the piston.
N.B.
THE HOUSINGS OF THE PIN HAVE TWO LUBRICATION CHANNELS. FOR THIS REASON MEASUREMENT OF THE DIAMETER
MUST BE CARRIED OUT ACCORDING TO THE AXIS OF THE
PISTON.
Characteristic
Diameter of pin seat on piston : Standard diameter
15,001 -15,006mm
Diameter of pin seat on piston : Standard clearance
0,001 -0,010mm
Piston pin diameter: Piston 125
56,945 - 56,973 mm
Fitting clearance
1° segment - connection game standard
0,025 ÷ 0,07 mm
1° segment - the admitted maximum game after the use
0,08 mm
2nd lining - Standard coupling clearance
0,015 ÷ 0,06 mm 2° aro
2nd lining - Admissible clearance after use
0,07 mm rascador de aceite
Standard coupling clearance
0,015 ÷ 0,06 mm rascador de
Admissible clearance after use
0,07 mm
Version 250
- Measure the diameter from the pin seat on the piston.
- Calculate the piston pin coupling clearance.
- Measure the external diameter of the piston according to a
direction at a right angle to the pin’s axis.
108
- Take the measurement 5 mm from the base in the position
shown in the figure.
- Carefully clean the sealing ring housings.
- Using suitable probes, measure the coupling clearance
between sealing rings and piston housings, as shown in the
figure.
- If higher clearance values than those reported in the table
are measured, replace the piston.
N.B.
MEASURE THE CLEARANCE BY INSERTING THE BLADE OF THE
THICKNESS GAUGE FROM THE SIDE OF THE SECOND GAS
RING
N.B.
THE HOUSINGS OF THE PIN HAVE TWO LUBRICATION CHANNELS. FOR THIS REASON MEASUREMENT OF THE DIAMETER
MUST BE CARRIED OUT ACCORDING TO THE AXIS OF THE
PISTON.
Characteristic
Diameter of pin seat on piston : Standard diameter
15,001 ÷ 15,006 mm
Diameter of pin seat on piston : Standard clearance
0,001 ÷ 0,010 mm
Piston diameter
71,953 ÷ 71,981 mm
FITTING CLEARANCE
1st lining - Standard coupling clearance
0,015 ÷ 0,06 mm
1st lining -Admissible clearance after use
0,07 mm
2nd lining - Standard coupling clearance
0,015 ÷ 0,06 mm
2nd lining - Admissible clearance after use
0,07 mm Scraper ring
Standard coupling clearance
0,015 ÷ 0,06 mm Scraper ring
Admissible clearance after use
0,07 mm
109
INSPECTING THE CYLINDER
Version 250
- Using a bore gauge, measure the internal diameter of the
cylinder following the directions given in the figure and at
three different heights.
- Check that the plane of coupling with the head does not
show wear or deformations.
- The pistons and cylinders are classified with categories depending on the diameters. The coupling is carried out matched (A-A, B-B, C-C, D-D).
Characteristic
cylinder: standard diameter
71,990 ÷ 72,018 mm (a 33 mm)
Maximum allowable runout:
0,05 mm
Version 125
- Using a bore measuring device, measure the cylinder bore
in the directions shown in the figure and at three different
heights.
- Ensure there are no signs of wear or deformation on the
surface of the cylinder that mates with the cylinder head.
- Pistons and cylinders are categorised according to their
diameter. Pistons should match with cylinders of the same
classification (A-A, B-B, C-C, and D-D).
- Cylinder re-bores must be carried out respecting the original matching angle on the bored surface of the cylinder.
- The surface roughness of the bored surface of the cylinder
should be 0.9 micron.
- This is necessary in order to ensure the proper bedding-in
of the piston rings, thus reducing oil consumption and providing optimum performance.
- 1st, 2nd and 3rd over-sized pistons are available as spare
parts, for re-bored cylinders, corresponding to 0.2, 0.4 and
0.6 mm over-sizes, respectively. There are four categories for
matching oversize cylinders (A-A, B-B, C-C, and D-D).
Characteristic
cylinder: diameter standard
56,997 ÷ 57,025 mm (a 41 mm)
Maximum allowable runout:
0,05 mm
110
INSPECTING THE PISTON RINGS
Version 125
Seal rings
- Insert each of the three piston rings in turn, inside the cylinder where it still maintains its original diameter, making sure
they are perpendicular to the cylinder axis.
- Measure the piston ring gap (see figure) using feeler gauges.
- Replace piston rings exhibiting a gap exceeding the specified limit.
N.B.
BEFORE REPLACING THE LININGS, MAKE SURE THAT THE PRESCRIPTIONS RELATING TO THE SEALING RING - HOUSINGS
AND PISTON - CYLINDER COUPLING CLEARANCES ARE RESPECTED. IN ANY CASE, NEW SEALING RINGS COUPLED WITH
A SECOND-HAND CYLINDER MAY REQUIRE ADJUSTMENT
CONDITIONS DIFFERENT FROM STANDARD ONES.
Characteristic
1st lining
Standard opening:
0,15 ÷ 0,30 mm
2nd lining
Standard opening:
0,10 ÷ 0,30 mm
Scraper ring
Standard opening:
0,15 ÷ 0,35 mm
Version 250
Sealing rings
-Alternately insert the 3 sealing rings into the cylinder in the
zone where it has the original diameter. Insert the rings in
orthogonal position into the cylinder axle, using the piston.
- Measure the opening (see figure) of the sealing rings by a
thickness gauge.
- If higher values than those prescribed are measured, replace the linings.
111
N.B.
BEFORE REPLACING THE LININGS, MAKE SURE THAT THE PRESCRIPTIONS RELATING TO THE SEALING RING - HOUSINGS
AND PISTON - CYLINDER COUPLING CLEARANCES ARE RESPECTED. IN ANY CASE, NEW SEALING RINGS COUPLED WITH
A SECOND-HAND CYLINDER MAY REQUIRE ADJUSTMENT
CONDITIONS DIFFERENT FROM STANDARD ONES.
Characteristic
1st lining
Standard opening:
0,15 ÷ 0,30 mm
2nd lining
Standard opening:
0,20 ÷ 0,40 mm
Scraper ring
Standard opening:
0,20 ÷ 0,40 mm
REMOVING
O
G THE PISTON
S O
- Refit piston and wrist pin on connecting rod with the arrow
stamped on the piston crown pointing towards the exhaust.
- Position the wrist pin spring clip on the special tool.
- With the opening in the position shown on the tool.
S = Left
D = Right
- Correctly position the clip using the drift.
- Install the clip using the drift as shown in the figure.
N.B.
THE TOOL FOR INSTALLING THE LOCKING RINGS MUST BE
USED MANUALLY.
CAUTION
USING A HAMMER MAY DAMAGE THE LOCK HOUSINGS
Specific tooling
020454Y Pin retainers installation tool
020430Y Pin retainers installation tool (Engine 125cc)
112
CHOOSING
THE GASKET
Characteristic
Compression ratio - 125cc version
Re: 11,50 ÷ 13:1
The length «A» to be measured refers to the piston protrusion. It indicates the amount by which the surface formed
by the piston crown tops the surface formed by the upper part of the cylinder. The more the piston descends into the
cylinder, the less the base gasket to be applied (to recover the compression ratio) will be and vice versa.
N.B.
THE MEASUREMENT OF «A» MUST BE CARRIED WITH THE PISTON AT THE TDC, WITHOUT ANY GASKET
INSTALLED BETWEEN THE CRANKCASE AND THE CYLINDER, AND AFTER RESETTING THE COMPARATOR,
COMPLETE WITH SUPPORT, ON A RECTIFIED SURFACE.
125CC VERSION WITH FIBRE HEAD GASKET (1.1)
NAME
MEASURE A
THICKNESS
Thicknesses 125
2,20 ÷ 2,45
0,4 ± 0,05
Thicknesses 125
2,45 ÷ 2,70
0,6 ± 0,05
113
Characteristic
Compression ratio - 125cc version
Re: 11,50 ÷ 13:1
The length «A» to be measured refers to the piston protrusion. It indicates me amount by which the surface formed
by the piston crown tops the surface formed by the upper part of the cylinder. The more the piston descends into the
cylinder, the less the base gasket to be applied (to recover the compression ratio) will be and vice versa.
N.B.
THE MEASUREMENT OF «A» MUST BE CARRIED WITH THE PISTON AT THE TDC WITHOUT ANY GASKET
INSTALLED BETWEEN THE CRANKCASE AND THE CYLINDER, AND AFTER RESETTING THE COMPARATOR,
COMPLETE WITH SUPPORT, ON A RECTIFIED SURFACE.
125CC VERSION WITH METALLIC HEAD GASKET (0.3)
NAME
MEASURE A
THICKNESS
Thicknesses 125
1,40 ÷ 1,65
0,4 ± 0,05
Thicknesses 125
1,65 ÷ 1,90
0,6 ± 0,05
114
COMPRESSION
RATIO VERSION
250
MEASUREMENT (A)
(WITH PISTON AT T.D.C.)
Characteristic
Compression ratio version 250
Rc: 10,5 ÷ 11,5
NOTE
MOUNT ACCORDING TO THE
MEASUREMENT (A) OBTAINED
NOTE
MEASUREMENT (A) MUST BE TAKEN WITHOUT TRIM MOUNTED BETWEEN THE
CASING AND THE CYLINDER, AFTER HAVING PUT THE COMPARATOR TO ZERO,
WITH ITS SUPPORT, ON A FLAT PLANE.
N.B.
THE MEASURE «A» TO TAKE IS A PISTON PROTRUSION VALUE THAT INDICATES HOW MUCH THE PLANE
FORMED BY THE PISTON TOP PROTRUDES FROM THE PLANE FORMED BY THE TOP OF THE CYLINDER.
THE MORE THE PISTON PROTRUDES FROM THE CYLINDER, THE MORE THE BASE GASKET TO APPLY (TO
RECOVER THE COMPRESSION RATIO) AND VICE VERSA.
SHIMMING 250
NAME
MEASURE A
THICKNESS
Shimming 250
2,60 ÷ 2,50
0,4 ±0,05
Shimming 250
2,50 ÷ 2,30
0,6 ± 0,05
Shimming 250
2,30 ÷ 2,20
0,8 ± 0,05
115
REFITTING THE PISTON RINGS
Sealing ring assembly
- Place the scraper ring spring on the piston.
- Install the scraper ring keeping the opening opposed to the
spring junction and with the writing “top” facing upwards.
In any case, the chamfering must be arranged towards the
piston top.
- Fit the 2nd sealing lining with the identification letter or the
writing “top” facing the piston top. In any case, the step must
be facing opposite the piston top.
- Fit the first sealing lining with the top writing or the reference facing the piston top.
- Misalign the lining openings at 120° as shown in the figure.
- Lubricate the parts with engine oil.
- The engine 250 uses the first compression lining with an L
section.
N.B.
THE 2 SEALING LININGS HAVE A CONICAL SURFACE OF
CONTACT WITH THE CYLINDER. THIS IS TO ENSURE A BETTER
ADAPTATION.
REFITTING
G THE C
CYLINDER
- Fit the cylinder base gasket with the previously determined
thickness.
- Using the fork support and the piston ring retaining band,
install the cylinder as shown in the figure.
N.B.
BEFORE INSTALLING THE CYLINDER, CAREFULLY BLOW THE
LUBRICATION DUCT AND LUBRICATE THE CYLINDER LINER.
Specific tooling
020426Y Piston fitting fork
020393Y Piston band clamps (Engine 200 - 250 cc)
020287Y Piston band clamps (Engine 125cc)
116
INSPECTING THE CYLINDER HEAD
- Using a rectified bar and a thickness gauge, check that the
head surface exhibits no deformations or wear.
- Check that the camshaft and the rocker pin capacities exhibit no wear.
- Check that the head cover, the exhaust manifold and the
intake manifold surface exhibits no wear.
INSPECTING THE TIMING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
- Check that the guide sliding block and the tightening sliding block are not too worn.
- Check that the camshaft and pinion control pulley chain
unit exhibit no wear.
- In case of wear, replace the parts. In case of wear of the
chain, pinion and pulley, replace the entire unit.
- Remove the central screw with the washer and the tightener
spring. Check that the unidirectional gear is not worn.
- Check the integrity of the tightener spring.
- In case of wear, replace the entire assembly.
117
INSPECTING THE VALVE SEALINGS
- Insert the valves into the head.
- Alternately test the intake and exhaust valves.
- The test should be carried out by filling the manifold with
fuel and checking that the head does not bleed from the
valves, when pressed by your fingers only.
INSPECTING
S C
G THE VALVE HOUSINGS
OUS GS
- Check the width of the impression on the valve seat «V»;
max wear limit 1.6 mm.
- Clean the valve guides of any carbon residues.
- Measure the inside diameter of each valve guide.
- Measure according to the rocker thrust direction at three
different heights.
- If the valve seat impression width or the valve,guide diameter are larger than the prescribed values, replace the head.
Characteristic
Wear of valve seats: Intake guide
Admissible limit:
5,022
Wear of valve seats: Intake guide
Standard diameter:
5,000 ÷ 5,012 mm
Wear of valve seats: Exhaust guide
Admissible limit
5,022
Wear of valve seats: Exhaust guide
‘Standard diameter:
5,000 ÷ 5,012 mm
118
INSPECTING THE VALVES
- Check the valve stem diameter at the three points shown
in the figure.
- Calculate the clearance between valve and valve guide.
- Check that the contact surface with the articulated register
terminal is free from wear.
- If the checks above give no failures, you can use the same
valves. To obtain better sealing performance, grind the valve. Perform this operation carefully using fine grain emery
paste. While grinding, keep the head with the valve axes in
horizontal position to prevent the emery paste residues from
penetrating into the valve guide stem coupling (see figure).
CAUTION
TO PREVENT SCRATCHING THE CONTACT SURFACE, DO NOT
FORCE THE VALVE ROTATION WHEN THE EMERY PASTE FINISHES. CAREFULLY CLEAN THE HEAD AND THE VALVES USING
A SUITABLE PRODUCT FOR THE TYPE OF EMERY PASTE USED.
N.B.
DO NOT CHANGE THE VALVE ASSEMBLY POSITION.
Characteristic
Valve check: standard length
Exhaust: 94,4 mm
Valve check: standard length
Intake: 94,6 mm
Valve check: maximum admissible clearance
Exhaust: 0,072 mm
Valve check: maximum admissible clearance
Intake: 0,062 mm
Valve check: standard clearance
Exhaust: 0,025 ÷ 0,052 mm
Valve check: standard clearance
Intake: 0,013 ÷ 0,040 mm
Valve check: minimum admissible diameter
Exhaus: 4,95 mm
Valve check: minimum admissible diameter
Intake: 4,96 mm
Valve check: standard diameter
Intake: 4,972 ÷ 4,987 mm
Valve check: standard diameter
Exhaust: 4,96 ÷ 4,975 mm
119
- Measure the sealing surface width on the valves and valve
seats.
Sealing surface width: after use:
Intake and exhaust: 1.6 mm
- If the valve sealing surface is wider than the prescribed
limit, interrupted in one or more points, or it is bent, replace
the valve.
CAUTION
DO NOT CHANGE THE VALVE ASSEMBLY POSITION (RH-LH)
Characteristic
Valve wear check: standard: intake and exhaust
0,99 ÷ 1,27mm
INSPECTING THE SPRINGS AND HALF-CONES
- Check that the spring upper support plates and half-cones
are free from irregular wear.
REFITTING
G THE VALVES
S
- Lubricate the valve guides with engine oil.
- Place the valve spring rests on the head.
- Using the specific punch, insert the 4 sealing rings alternately.
- Insert valves, springs and plates. Using the specific tool
provided with the special adapter, compress the springs and
insert the half-cones into the relevant seats.
120
N.B.
DO NOT CHANGE THE VALVE ASSEMBLY POSITION. FIT THE
VALVES WITH THE REFERENCE COLOUR ON THE HALF-CONES SIDE (LARGER STEP CURLS).
Specific tooling
020306Y Valve sealing ring drift
020382Y Tool for removing valve cotters equipped with
part 012
020382Y011 Bushing (valve remover)
INSPECTING
S C
G THE C
CAM S
SHAFT
- Check that the camshaft ends exhibit no abnormal wear.
- Measure the cam height.
- Check that the groove and relevant retain plate are free
from wear.
- If different values or wear than those prescribed are found,
replace the faulty parts.
- Check that the automatic valve lifting device cam, the travel
end roller and the rubber abutment on the containment bell
are free from wear.
- Check that the valve lifting spring has not yielded.
- In case of wear, replace the worn parts.
- Check that the rocker pins exhibit no scratches or wear.
- Measure the inside diameter of each rocker.
- Check that the cam contact sliding block and the articulated register plate is free from wear.
Characteristic
Camshaft check:
Standard diameter: Ø 12,000-12,011 mm
Camshaft check:
Standard diameter: Ø 11,977÷11,985 mm
Camshaft check:
Maximum admissible axial clearance: 0,42 mm
Camshaft check:
Standard axial clearance: 0,11 -0,41 mm
121
Camshaft check: Standard height
Exhaust: 29,209 mm
Camshaft check: Standard height
Intake: 30,285 mm
Camshaft check: Minimum admissible diameter
Connection B Ø: 19,950mm
Camshaft check: Minimum admissible diameter
Connection A Ø: 36,94 mm
Camshaft check: Standard diameter
Connection B Ø: 19,959÷19,98 mm
Camshaft check: Standard diameter
Connection A Ø: 36,95÷36,975 mm
RIFFITING THE TIMING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
Version 125
- Insert the timing chain guide sliding block.
- Insert the centring dowels between head and cylinder, install the head gasket and the head on the cylinder.
- Lubricate the stud bolt threading
- Tighten the nuts at a preliminary torque of 7±1 N-m
- Turn by an angle of 180° (2 turns by 90° each) To perform
the above operations, follow the tightening sequence shown
in the figure.
- Install the two screws on the timing chain side and tighten
at the prescribed torque.
N.B.
BEFORE INSTALLING THE HEAD, MAKE SURETHAT THE LUBRICATION CHANNEL IS CLEAN USING A COMPRESSED AIR
JET.
Locking torques (N*m)
Timing belt tightener support screw 11 ÷ 13
122
-Fit the timing chain drive sprocket onto the crankshaft with
the bevelled edge towards the inserting side.
- Fit the timing drive chain onto the crankshaft.
- Fit the tensioning roller from the cylinder head side.
- Fit the spacer with the securing bolt.
- Lock the bolt at the prescribed torque.
- Fit the shafts and the rockers.
- Lubricate the 2 rockers through the top holes.
- Lubricate the two seats and insert the camshaft into the
cylinder head with the beds opposite the rockers.
- Fit the retaining plate and tighten the 2 bolts indicated in
the figure, locking them at the prescribed torque.
- Insert the spacer onto the camshaft.
- Position the piston at top dead centre using the reference
marks between the flywheel and the engine crankcase.
- Maintaining these positions, fit the chain onto the camshaft
drive sprocket.
- Insert onto the camshaft maintaining the 4V mark in line
with the reference mark made on the cylinder head.
- Fit the counterweight with the securing bolt and lock at the
prescribed torque.
- Fit the end of run ring onto the valve lifter and fit the valve
lifter bed onto the camshaft
- Fit the valve lifter return spring. During this operation the
spring must be loaded by some 180°.
- Fit the retaining bell housing using the counterweight securing bolt as a reference.
- Lock the central securing bolt at the prescribed torque.
- Position the tensioner cursor in the resting position.
- Fit the tensioner onto the cylinder using a new seal, locking
the 2 bolts at the prescribed torque.
123
- Insert the spring with the central screw and the washer and
tighten the cap at the prescribed torque
- Adjust the valve clearance
- Install the spark plug.
Electrode distance: 0,8 mm
N.B.
LUBRICATE WITH GREASE THE TRAVEL END RING TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL LEAKS WITH CONSEQUENT DROPPING
INTO THE ENGINE.
Locking torques (N*m)
Timing belt tightener support screw 11 ÷ 13
Spark plug 12 ÷ 14
Start up mass screws 7 ÷ 8,5
Timing chain tightener sliding block screws 10 ÷ 14
Start up mass bell screws 11 ÷ 15
Timing belt tightener central screw 5 ÷ 6
Camshaft retain plate screw 4 ÷ 6
124
Version 250
- Insert the timing chain guide sliding block.
- Insert the centring dowels between head and cylinder, install the head gasket and the head on the cylinder. Lubricate
the stud bolt threading
- Tighten the nuts to the first pre-torque of 7±1 N-m
- Tighten the nuts to the second pre-torque of 10±1 N-m
- Make a 270° angle rotation
- To perform the above operations, follow the tightening sequence shown in the figure.
- Install the two screws on the timing chain side and tighten
at the prescribed torque.
N.B.
BEFORE INSTALLING THE HEAD, MAKE SURE THAT THE LUBRICATION CHANNEL IS CLEAN USING A COMPRESSED AIR
JET.
Locking torques (N*m)
Timing belt tightener support screw 11 ÷ 13
Version 250
Install the timing chain control pinion on the driving shaft
with the chamfering facing the introduction side.
- Insert the timing control chain on the driving shaft.
- Insert the tightener sliding block on the head side.
- Install the spacer with the fixing screw.
- Tighten the screw at the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Sliding block screw 10 ÷ 14 Nm
125
- Install pins and rockers.
- Lubricate the 2 rockers through the top holes.
- Lubricate the 2 connections and insert the camshaft into
the head with the cams opposite the rockers.
- Insert the retain plate and tighten the 2 screws shown in the
figure at the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Plate screws 4 ÷ 6 Nm
Insert the spacer on the camshaft.
- Place the piston on the top dead centre using the references between flywheel and engine crankcase.
- Keeping this position, insert the chain on the camshaft control pulley.
- Insert the pulley on the camshaft keeping the reference 4V
at the reference point obtained on the head.
- Install the balance weight with its fixing screw and tighten
at the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Balance weight screw 7 ÷ 8,5 Nm
Insert the travel end ring on the valve lifting mass and mount
the valve lifting cam on the camshaft.
N.B.
LUBRICATE WITH GREASE THE TRAVEL END RING TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL LEAKS WITH CONSEQUENT DROPPING
INTO THE ENGINE.
INSTALL THE VALVE LIFTER RETURN SPRING.DURING THIS
OPERATION, THE SPRING MUST BE LOADED BY ABOUT 180°.
126
Install the containment bell using the balance weight fixing
screw as a reference.
- Tighten the central fixing screw at the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Containment bell screw 11 ÷ 15 Nm
Set the tightener cursor to the rest position.
- Install the tightener on the cylinder using a new gasket and
tighten the 2 screws at the prescribed torque.
Insert the spring with the central screw and the washer and
tighten the cap at the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightener screws 11 ÷ 13 Nm
Tightener cap 5 ÷ 6 Nm
- Adjust the valve clearance
- Install the spark plug.
Electrode distance: 0.8 mm
Locking torques (N*m)
Spark plug 12 ÷ 14 Nm
Replace the head cover and tighten the 5 screws at the prescribed torque. Check the proper position of the gasket.
Replace the flywheel cover as already described in the
flywheel chapter.
- Replace the oil pump control, the chain compartment cover,
the by-pass and the oil sump as described in the Lubrication
chapter.
- Replace the driving pulley, the belt and the transmission
cover as described in the Transmission chapter.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tappet cover screws 6 ÷ 7 Nm
127
REFITTING THE TIMING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
NAME
TORQUE IN Nm
Tappet cover screws
6÷7 Nm
Spark plug
12÷14 Nm
Tightener cap
5÷6 Nm
Tightener screws
11÷13 Nm
Containment bell screw
11÷15 Nm
Balance weight screw
7÷8,5Nm
Plate screws
4÷6 Nm
Sliding block screw
10÷14 Nm
REFITTING THE ROCKER-ARMS COVER
- Reassemble the head cover by locking the 5 screws to the
prescribed torque.
- Pay attention to correct positioning of the gasket.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tappet cover screws 6÷7 Nm
REFITTING
G THE INTAKE MANIFOLD
O
- Install the intake manifold and tighten the 3 screws.
N.B.
FOR THE SPECIAL SCREWS OF VERSION 125CC, USE INSERTS
AND INSERT HOLDERS AVAILABLE ON THE MARKET.
128
CRANKCASE - CRANKSHAFT
SPLITTING THE CRANKCASE HALVES
Version 125
Remove the following assemblies: transmission cover, driving
pulley, driven pulley and belt, rear hub cover, gears, bearings
and oil guards as described in the Transmission chapter.
- Remove the oil sump, the by-pass, the chain compartment
cover, the oil pump as described in the
Lubrication chapter.
Remove the flywheel cover with water pump, the flywheel,
the stator as described in the Magneto flywheel chapter.
- Remove the oil filter and the oil pressure switch.
- Remove the cylinder-piston-head unit as described in the
Timing head cylinder chapter.
- Remove the 2 screws shown in the figure and the starter
motor.
Before opening the engine crankcase, check the driving shaft
axial clearance. To this purpose, use a plate and a support
with specific comparator tool.
Higher clearance denotes wear of the crankcase driving
shaft rest surfaces.
Standard clearance:
0,15 ÷ 0,40 mm
- Remove the 11 screws securing the two halfcrankcases.
- Split the crankcase halves taking care to leave the crankshaft attached to of the two halves.
- Remove the crankshaft.
CAUTION
FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS RULE CAN CAUSE THE ACCIDENTAL DROP OF THE DRIVING SHAFT.
129
- Remove the crankcase gasket.
- Remove the two screws and the internal cover shown in the
diagram.
CAUTION
WHILE OPENING THE CRANKCASES AND REMOVING THE
DRIVING SHAFT, CHECK THAT THE SHAFT THREADED ENDS
DO NOT INTERFERE WITH THE BENCH BRASSES. FAILURE
TO OBSERVE THIS PRECAUTION CAN DAMAGE THE BENCH
BRASSES.
- Remove the oil seal on the flywheel side.
- Remove the oil filter union shown in the diagram.
Fitting clearance
Rod axial clearance 0,20 ÷ 0,50
Inspect the radial clearance of the connecting rod.
Standard clearance: 0,036 ÷ 0,054 mm
- Ensure the surfaces that limit the axial free-play are not
scored and, using a calliper, measure the crankshaft width
as shown in the figure.
Standard dimensions: 55,75 ÷ 55,90 mm
N.B.
THE DRIVING SHAFT CAN BE REUSED WHEN THE WIDTH FALLS WITHIN THE STANDARD VALUES AND THE SURFACES ARE
FREE FROM SCRATCHES.
130
If the driving shaft - crankcase axial clearance is higher than
the standard value and the driving shaft exhibits no irregularity, the problem is caused by wear or by a wrong machining
on the engine crankcase
- Check the diameters of both half-shafts on the axes and
planes shown in the figure. Half-shafts are categorised as
categories 1 and 2; see table below.
Characteristic
Diameter standard - Categories 2
29,004 ÷ 29,010
Diameter standard - Categories 1
28,994 ÷ 29,000
The crankshaft may be reused when its width is within the
standard dimensions and the surfaces are not scored.
Version 250
- It is advisable to check the axial clearance of the driving
shaft before opening the engine cases. To do so, use a plate
and support with specific comparator.
- Upper clearances are a sign of wear on the resting surfaces
of the driving shaft and case.
- Remove the 10 case coupling screws.
- Divide the cases while keeping the driving shaft inserted on
one of the two half cases.
- Remove the driving shaft.
- Remove the half case coupling gasket.
- Remove the 2 screws and the internal bulkhead shown in
the figure.
- Remove the oil seal on the flywheel side.
- Remove the oil filter union shown in the figure.
131
- Check the axial clearance of the connecting rod.
- Check the radial clearance of the connecting rod.
- Check that the axial clearance containment surfaces do
not show scoring and using a gauge, check the width of the
driving shaft as shown in the figure.
- If the driving shaft-case axial clearance is greater than the
standard and the driving shaft does not show any abnormality, the problem is surely due to wear or incorrect machining
of the engine case.
- Check the diameters of both capacities of the driving shaft
according to the axes and planes shown in the figure. The
shaft sections are classified in two categories, Cat. 1 and
Cat. 2 shown beneath in the table.
CAUTION
BE CAREFUL NOT TO LET THE MEASUREMENT BE AFFECTED
BY THE UNIONS WITH THE DRIVING SHAFT ENDS.
CAUTION
WHILE OPENING THE CRANKCASES AND REMOVING THE
DRIVING SHAFT, CHECK THAT THE SHAFT THREADED ENDS
DO NOT INTERFERE WITH THE BENCH BRASSES. FAILURE
TO OBSERVE THIS PRECAUTION CAN DAMAGE THE BENCH
BRASSES.
CAUTION
FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS RULE CAN CAUSE THE ACCIDENTAL DROP OF THE DRIVING SHAFT.
N.B.
THE DRIVING SHAFT CAN BE REUSED WHEN THE WIDTH FALLS WITHIN THE STANDARD VALUES AND THE SURFACES ARE
FREE FROM SCRATCHES.
Specific tooling
020262Y Crankcase detachment plate
020335Y Magnetic stand and comparator
132
Characteristic
Driving shaft - case axial clearance:
Standard clearance 0,15 ÷ 0,40 mm
Driving shaft - connecting rod axial clearance:
Standard clearance 0,20 ÷ 0,50 mm
Driving shaft - connecting rod radial clear-ance:
Standard clearance 0,036 ÷ 0,054 mm
Driving shaft width with complete washers standard measurements
55,67 ÷ 55,85 mm
Driving shaft capacities:
Standard diameter: cat1 - 28,994 ÷ 29,000
Driving shaft capacities:
Standard diameter: cat 2 - 29,000 ÷ 29,006
INSPECTING THE CRANKSHAFT ALIGNMENT
To install the drive shaft on the support and to measure the
misalignment in the 4 points indicate to you in figure.
- Check that the driving shaft cone, the tab seat, the oil guard
connection and the threaded tangs are in good working order.
- In case of failures, replace the driving shaft. The connecting
rod head brasses cannot be replaced.
For the same reason, when cleaning the driving shaft, be
careful to prevent any impurity from entering into the shaft
lubrication hole.
In order to prevent damaging the connecting rod brasses, do
not attempt cleaning the lubrication duct with compressed
air.
- Make sure that the 2 pads on the crank button are properly
mounted.
- A wrong installation of a pad can seriously affect the brass
lubrication pressure.
133
N.B.
ENCH ENDS ARE NOT RECTIFIABLE.
Specific tooling
020074Y Crankshaft aligning tool
Characteristic
Alignment check: Max admissible displacement:
A = 0,15mm
B = 0,01 mm
C = 0,01 mm
D = 0,10 mm
INSPECTING
S C
G THE C
CRANKCASE
C S HALVES
S
- Before checking the crankcase, carefully clean all lubrication channels and surfaces.
- For the transmission side half-crankcase, especially clean
the compartment and the channels of the oil pump, the bypass duct, the bench brasses and the cooling jet on the transmission side, see figure.
As already described in the Lubrication chapter, it is especially important that the by-pass housing is free from wear that
may impair the proper sealing of the lubrication pressure
adjustment piston.
- For the half-crankcase on the transmission side, especially clean the lubrication channels of the bench brasses, the
head oil feeding jet channel, the drainage channel for the oil
guard on the flywheel side.
- Check that the surfaces are free from dents or deformations, with special attention to the crankcase coupling and the
crankcase-cylinder surfaces.
- Any defects in the crankcase gasket or on the surfaces indicated in the figure can cause pressurised oil leaks, thereby affecting the connecting rod and bench brass lubrication
pressure.
- Check that the driving shaft axial clearance containment
surfaces are free from wear. For the dimensional check, refer
to the instructions relating to the axial clearance and dimensions check on the driving shaft.
134
N.B.
THE HEAD LUBRICATION CHANNEL IS PROVIDED WITH A
SHUTTER JET; THIS GIVES A «LOW PRESSURE» HEAD LUBRICATION; THIS CHOICE WAS MADE TO REDUCE THE OIL TEMPERATURE IN THE SUMP. THE JET CLOGGING IMPAIRS THE
HEAD LUBRICATION AND THE TIMING MECHANISMS. A JET
FAILURE CAUSES A DECREASE OF THE BENCH BRASS AND
CONNECTING ROD LUBRICATION PRESSURE.
N.B.
THE JET IS FED THROUGH THE BENCH BRASSES. PROPER OPERATION OF THIS COMPONENT IMPROVES THE PISTON TOP
COOLING. CLOGGING HAS EFFECTS THAT ARE DIFFICULT
TO DETECT (PISTON TEMPERATURE INCREASE). FAILURE OR
LEAK CAN CONSIDERABLY DECREASE THE BENCH BRASS
AND CONNECTING ROD LUBRICATION PRESSURE.
INSPECTING
S C
G THE C
CRANKSHAFT
S
PLAIN BEARINGS
GS
- To obtain a proper lubrication of the brasses, it is necessary to have an optimum lubrication pressure (3,2 bar) and
a good oil rate; to this purpose, the brasses must be placed
properly, so as to not have shuttering in the oil feeding channels.
- Bench brasses are realised with 2 half-bearings, one of
which is solid while the other has holes and seats for lubrication.
- The solid half-bearing is intended to stand the thrusts caused by combustion, and for this reason it is arranged opposed the cylinder.
- To prevent shutters in the oil feeding channels, the matching surface of the two half-bearings must be perfectly orthogonal to the cylinder axis, as shown in the figure.
- The oil feeding channel section is also affected by the brass
driving depth relative to the driving shaft axial clearance
containment plane.
- Check the brass diameter in the 3 directions shown in the
figure.
- Repeat the measurements for the other half of the brass.
See figure.
- The crankcase is supplied in three setup versions: with RED
brasses, with BLUE brasses and with YELLOW brasses.
135
- The brass housing hole is in the only category reported
below.
- The standard brass diameter after driving is variable on the
basis of a coupling selection.
- The brass seats into the crankcases are classified into 2 categories as for the driving shaft Cat. 1 and Cat. 2.
- Brasses are divided into 3 categories according to their thickness. See the table below:
TYPE
IDENTIFICATION
A
RED
B
BLUE
C
YELLOW
Type “A”
Type “A”
Bench
halfbearing
1,970 ÷
1,9703 ÷
1,973
1,976
Type “A”
1,976 ÷
1,979
Half
crankcase
category
Brass inside
diameter
after
reassembly
Possibility of
assembly
A
1
29,025 ÷ 29,040
Original
B
1
29,019 ÷ 29,034
2
29,028 ÷ 29,043
Original
and spare
2
29,022 ÷ 29,037
Original
Brass
category
C
Match the shaft with two category 1 shoulders with category 1
crankcase (or cat. 2 with cat. 2).
A spare crankcase cannot be combined with a driving shaft with
mixed categories. Spare shafts have half-shafts of the same
category.
HALF-CRANKCASE ENGINE HALFSHAFT
136
BRASS
CAT. 1
CAT. 1
CAT. 2
CAT. 2
B
CAT. 1
CAT. 2
A
CAT. 2
CAT. 1
C
B
N.B.
TO KEEP SUCH POSITION OF THE BRASSES ON THE CRANKCASE, DRIVING IS FORCED ON STEEL RINGS INSERTED IN
THE CASTING OF BOTH HALF-CRANKCASES.
N.B.
DO NOT TAKE THE MEASURE ON THE HALFBEARING MATCHING SURFACE SINCE THE ENDS ARE RELEASED TO ALLOW
DEFORMATION UPON INSERTION.
N.B.
SPARE CRANKCASES ARE SELECTED WITH HALF-CRANKCASES OF THE SAME CATEGORY AND MOUNTED WITH CATEGORY B BRASSES (BLUE COLOURED).
Characteristic
Standard driving depth
1,35 ÷ 1,6
Crankcase diameter without brass
32,953 ÷ 32,963
REFITTING
G THE C
CRANKCASE
C S HALVES
S
- Assemble the internal bullkhead by locking the 2 screws to
the prescribed torque.
- Mount the oil filter union, tightening it to the prescribed
torque.
- Position the gasket on the half case together with the centring dowels, preferably on the transmission side of the half
case.
- Lubricate the bench bronzes and insert the driving shaft on
the transmission side of the halfcase.
- Join the 2 half cases.
- Mount the 10 screws and lock to the prescribed torque.
- Mount a new O-ring on the precleaner and lubricate it.
137
- Insert the precleaner on the engine with relative plug. Lock
to the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Engine crankcase inside head screws (transmission side
half shaft) 4 ÷ 6
Engine crankcase coupling screws 11 ÷ 13
Filter union on crankcase 27 ÷ 33
Engine oil / net filter drainage cap 24 ÷ 30
138
LUUBRICATION
C O
CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAMS
Lubrification circuit
Coperchio punterie
Recupero gas motore
Albero motore
By-pass valve
Carico olio
Minimum pressure
switch
Oil pump
Livelo olio nella coppa
Cartridge filter
Prefiltro a rete
139
OIL PRESSURE
SSU C
CHECK
C
- After removing the flywheel cover as explained in the
Flywheel chapter, disconnect the minimum oil pressure switch electric connection and remove the switch.
- With engine at 1,650 rpm, and with oil at a temperature
of ~90°C, check that oil pressure ranges between 0.5 -1.2
atm.
- With engine at 6000 rpm, and with oil at a temperature
of~90°C, check that oil pressure ranges between 3.2 - 4.2
atm.
- After the check, remove the specific tools mounted on the
engine, replace the oil pressure switch and the washer and
lock at the prescribed tightening torque, then install the
flywheel cover.
- In case of non-conforming pressure, check the oil filter, the
by-pass, the oil pump and the seals on the driving shaft in a
sequence.
N.B.
THE CHECK MUST BE CARRIED OUT WITH OIL AT THE CORRECT LEVEL AND WITH AN OIL FILTER IN GOOD CONDITIONS.
Characteristics
Oil pressure
Minimum admissible pressure at 6.000 rpm: 3.2 atm.
Locking torques (N*m)
Minimum oil pressure sensor 12÷14
CRANKSHAFT OIL SEALS
REMOVAL
- Remove the transmission cover and complete driving pulley
beforehand.
140
- Install the base of the specific tool on the oil seal using the
screws provided.
Specific tooling
020622Y Transmission-side oil guard punch.
- Screw the threaded bar onto the base of the tool and extract the oil seal.
Specific tooling
020622Y Transmission-side oil guard punch.
REFITTING
G
-Check that the chain tightening sliding block is not worn.
- If so, replace it or install it in the reverse direction, making
it work on the opposed side.
- Remove the oil guard using the specific tools.
- Prepare the new oil guard lubricating the sealing lip
- Pre-assemble the oil guard with the specific.tool by slightly
tightening the screws.
- Insert the sheath on the driving shaft.- Insert the tool with
the oil guard on the driving shaft up to touch the crankcase
- Finally position the oil guard installing the bracket of the
specific tool.
- Screw the threaded bar on the driving shaft to travel end
- Using the nut, operate on the base of the specific tool to
perceive the oil guard mounting travel end.
- Remove all of the tool components according to the reverse
order
141
- Place the cover on the engine crankcase, apply the three
screws with copper washers and install the cover into its seat
by the three screws.
- Tighten the 3 screws at the prescribed torque.
CAUTION
DO NOT LUBRICATE THE SURFACE KEYED ON THE ENGINE
CRANKCASE.
CAUTION
ORIENTATE THE OIL GUARD BY POSITIONING THE CHAIN
HOUSING CHANNEL FACING DOWNWARDS. WHEN THE
POSITION IS REACHED, DO NOT RETRACT THE OIL GUARD.
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THIS RULE CAN CAUSE A WRONG
POSITIONING OF THE OIL GUARD SHEATH.
CAUTION
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THIS ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE CAN
SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE ENGINE DUE TO THE WRONG TENSIONING OF THE OIL PUMP CONTROL CHAIN.
Specific tooling
020622Y Transmission-side oil guard punch
142
For version 125 to proceed with the assembly of new paraoil
a side they fly by means of the indicated specific tool like in
photo
N.B.
FAILURE TO USE THE SPECIFIC TOOL MAY RESULT IN THE
OIL SEAL BEING DRIVEN TO AN UNSUITABLE DEPTH, WHICH
WOULD CAUSE THE OIL SEAL TO MALFUNCTION.
Specific tooling
020425Y Flywheel-side oil guard punch
OIL PUMP
REMOVAL
- Remove the chain compartment cover by the 2 fixing screws
shown in the figure and the relevant copper washer.
- Lock the oil pump control pulley rotation by a screwdriver
inserted into one of its holes.
- Remove the central screw with spring washer shown in the
figure.
- Remove the chain with the pulley.
- Remove the control pinion with the relevant O-Ring.
- Remove the oil pump by releasing the 2 screws shown in
the figure.
- Remove the sealing gasket.
N.B.
IT IS ADVISABLE TO MARK THE CHAIN IN ORDER TO ENSURE THAT THE INITIAL DIRECTION OF ROTATION IS MAINTAINED.
143
INSPECTION
- Remove the two screws and the oil pump cover.
- Remove the inside rotor retaining snap ring.
- Remove the rotors and carefully wash them with gasoline
and compressed air.
- Reassemble the rotors with the pump body keeping the 2
references visible. Install the lock ring.
- Using a thickness gauge, check the distance between the
rotors in the position shown in the figure.
- Check the distance between outside rotor and pump body;
see figure.
- Check the rotor axial clearance using a rectified bar, as
shown in the figure.
Characteristic
Oil pump check 2
Admissible limit clearance: 0,09 mm
Oil pump check 1
Admissible limit clearance: 0,20 mm
Oil pump check
Admissible limit clearance: 0,12 mm
144
REFITTING
-Check that the pump body-shaft is free from wear.
- Check that the pump cover exhibits no wear or scratching.
- In case of non-conforming values or presence of scratches,
replace the faulty parts or the assembly.
- Install the pump cover so as to allow the alignment of the
holes for the crankcase fixing screws.
- Make sure that the gasket is in proper position and replace
the pump on the engine crankcase. The pump has a single
installation position. Tighten the screws at the prescribed torque.
- Install the pinion with a new 0-Ring.
- Install the chain.
- Install the pulley, the central screw and the spring washer.
Tighten at the prescribed torque.
- Install the pump cover and lock the two screws at the prescribed torque.
N.B.
INSTALL THE SPRING WASHER WITH THE EXTERNAL PERIMETER IN CONTACT WITH THE PULLEY. CHECK THAT THE PUMP
ROTATES FREELY.
Locking torques (N*m)
Screws fixing the oil pump to the crankcase 5 ÷ 6
Oil pump control rim screw 10 ÷ 14
Pump cover screws 0,7 ÷ 0,9
REMOVING THE OIL SUMP
- Remove the oil loading cap, the transmission cover, the driving pulley unit with belt and the pinion as described in the
Transmission chapter.
- Drain the oil from the sump as described before.
- Remove the 7 screws shown in the figure with the 2 brackets fixing the rear brake fluid piping.
145
- Remove the spring, the by-pass piston, the gasket and the
centring dowels shown in the second figure.
INSPECTING THE BY-PASS VALVE
- Check the free length of the spring.
- Check that the piston exhibits no scratches.
- Ensure that it slides freely on the crankcase and that it guarantees a good seal.
- If not, eliminate any impurities or replace defective parts.
Characteristic
Check by-pass: Standard length
54.2 mm
REFITTING THE OIL SUMP
-Replace the By-pass piston into its seat.
- Insert the adjustment spring.
- Install a new sump gasket.
- Replace the two centring dowels.
- Install the sump inserting the spring into the seat on the
sump.
- Replace the screws and the rear brake support pipe brackets according to the removal reverse operations.
- Tighten the screws at the prescribed torque.
- Replace the driving pulley unit, the belt, the pinion and the
transmission cover as described in chapter «Transmissions».
- As regards the checks relating to connecting rod lubrication
troubles, see chapter «Crankcase and driving shaft».
Locking torques (N*m)
Oil pan screws 10 ÷ 14
146
SAS VALVE
INSPECTING THE ONE-WAY VALVE
- Remove the SAS valve
- Temporarily install the rubber sleeve at the outlet of the
SAS valve ensuring its seal
- Connect the vacuum pump to the rubber sleeve as shown
in the figure
- Set the pump in vacuum position (VACUUM)
- Slowly open the pump
- Check that the unidirectional valve allows the passage of
the air generating a small vibration.
- Switch the pump to pressure position (PRESSURE)
- Slowly open the pump and check that there is an increase
of pressure. Little leaks are normal. In case of faults, replace
N.B.
AN INCORRECT OPERATION OF THE UNIDIRECTIONAL VALVE CAN CAUSE THE OVERHEATING OF THE RUBBER SLEEVE
AND FILTERS.
N.B.
THE ABSENCE OF VIBRATIONS INDICATES A POOR SEALING.
Specific tooling
020329Y Pump
147
INSPECTING THE CUT-OFF
- Remove the SAS valve
- Connect the pump in vacuum position (VACUUM) to the
CUT - OFF valve vacuum inlet
- Apply a vacuum of over 0.5 BAR
- Check that this value is maintained over time
- If the value is not maintained, proceed to replace
- Using a «T» branch and rubber hoses, implement a parallel
connection between the rubber sleeve and the vacuum inlet
of the CUT - OFF valve
- Connect the branch to the ^SlQgWfSK, pump
- Set the pump in vacuum position (VACUUM)
- Using pliers with flat and long tips, temporarily clamp the
rubber hose in the proximity of the valve
- Command the pump to create a vacuum of over 0.5 BAR
- Release the hose and check the vacuum behaviour
- In normal operating conditions, the vacuum undergoes a
drop and then settles. Then there occurs a gradual and slow
depression up to the value of about 0.4 BAR. At this point,
the valve opens and vacuum suddenly resets. A seal failure
or opening at different vacuum values are abnormal. Proceed to the replacement.
N.B.
BESIDES IMPAIRING THE FUNCTIONALITY OF THE CUT - OFF,
AN INCORRECT SEAL OF THE CUT-OFF VALVE MEMBRANE
AFFECTS THE IDLE OPERATION.
N.B.
A SEAL FAILURE OF THE CUT - OFF VALVE CAUSES EXHAUST
NOISE (EXPLOSIONS IN THE SILENCER). A WRONG CALIBRATION OF THE CUT
- OFF VALVE CAN IMPAIR THE CORRECT FUNCTIONALITY OF
THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER.
Specific tooling
020329Y Pump
148
FUEL SUPPLY
REMOVING THE CARBURETTOR
KEHIN
- To disconnect the carburettor from the engine, it is necessary to move the air filter and remove the gas control transmission, the automatic starter connection, the clamps fixing
the carburettor to the filter box and to the intake manifold,
the pipe feeding air to the membrane, and the intake union.
- Extract the carburettor and turn it to remove the screw with
the water union and relevant pipes.
N.B.
THIS OPERATION IS REQUIRED TO PREVENT EMPTYING THE
COOLING SYSTEM.
Remove the guard, the bracket and the starter by releasing
the screw shown in the figure.
Remove the 2 screws and the starter support with the gasket.
149
- Remove the clamp and the cap with the membrane chamber aeration filter.
- Remove the 4 fixing screws shown in the figure and the
vacuum chamber cover.
WARNING
DURING THE COVER REMOVAL, BE CAREFUL TO THE SUDDEN
PROJECTION OF THE SPRING.
Remove the vacuum valve with the membrane.
150
Loosen the coupling by 1/8 turn and remove it, remove the
spring and the vacuum valve pin.
Remove the 4 screws shown in the figure.
Remove the basin with the pickup pump, control and gasket.
- Remove the sealing gasket.
- Remove the pickup pump intake and delivery valves from
the basin.
N.B.
BE VERY CAREFUL SINCE VALVES CONSIST OF NOZZLE,
SPRING AND BALL
N.B.
DO NOT REMOVE THE PICKUP PUMP PISTON AND RELEVANT
CONTROL.
151
- Suitably support the carburettor and remove the float pin
by a hammer from the gas control side.
- Remove the float and the pin.
- Remove the maximum nozzle.
Remove the maximum nozzle.
Remove the emulsifier.
152
Remove the spray nozzle.
N.B.
THIS OPERATION IS REQUIRED TO PREVENT LOSING THE
SPRAY NOZZLE DURING THE CARBURETTOR CLEANING OPERATIONS. IF THE SPRAY NOZZLE IS FORCED INTO ITS SEAT,
DO NOT REMOVE IT TO PREVENT DAMAGING IT.
Remove the minimum nozzle.
Remove the minimum flow adjustment screw and the
spring.
CAUTION
DO NOT REMOVE THE COMPONENTS FIXED INTO THE CARBURETTOR BODY, SUCH AS: FUEL FEEDING DUCT, PIN SEAT,
STARTER NOZZLE, PICKUP NOZZLE AND PIT CAP, MINIMUM
AND MAXIMUM AIR CALIBRATOR, THROTTLE VALVE, CONTROL
SHAFT. DO NOT REMOVE THE SCREWS FIXING THE THROTTLE
TO THE SHAFT. THE FIXING SCREWS ARE CAULKED AFTER ASSEMBLY AND THEIR REMOVAL DAMAGES THE SHAFT.
WALBRO
- To disconnect the carburettor from the engine, it is necessary to move the air filter and remove the gas control transmission, the automatic starter connection, the clamps fixing
the carburettor to the filter box and to the intake manifold,
the pipe feeding air to the membrane, and the intake union.
- Extract the carburettor and turn it to remove the screw with
the water union and relevant pipes.
153
N.B.
THIS OPERATION IS REQUIRED TO PREVENT LOSING THE
SPRAY NOZZLE DURING THE CARBURETTOR CLEANING OPERATIONS. IF THE SPRAY NOZZLE IS FORCED INTO ITS SEAT,
DO NOT REMOVE IT TO PREVENT DAMAGING IT.
Remove the guard, the bracket and the starter by releasing
the screw shown in the figure.
Remove the clamp and the cap with the membrane chamber
aeration filter.
Remove the 4 fixing screws shown in the figure and the vacuum chamber cover.
154
N.B.
DURING THE COVER REMOVAL, BE CAREFUL TO THE SUDDEN
PROJECTION OF THE SPRING.
Remove the vacuum valve with the membrane
Loosen the coupling by 1/8 turn and remove it, remove the
spring and the vacuum valve pin.
Remove the 4 screws shown in the figure.
155
Remove the basin with the pickup pump, control and gasket.
Remove the pickup pump with ring nut, the casing, the O-Ring
and the spring from the basin as shown in the figure.
- Suitably support the carburettor and remove the float pin by a
hammer from the gas control side.
- Remove the float and the pin.
156
Remove the cap conveying the fuel to the starter nozzle as
shown in the figure.
- Remove the maximum nozzle.
- Remove the emulsifier.
Remove the spray nozzle.
N.B.
THIS OPERATION IS REQUIRED TO PREVENT LOSING THE
SPRAY NOZZLE DURING THE CARBURETTOR CLEANING OPERATIONS. IF THE SPRAY NOZZLE IS FORCED INTO ITS SEAT,
DO NOT REMOVE IT TO PREVENT DAMAGING IT.
157
Remove the spray nozzle.
- Remove the minimum flow screw with the O-Ring, washer and
spring.
- Remove the 2 fixing screws, the cover, the spring and the cutoff device membrane.
CAUTION
DO NOT REMOVE THE COMPONENTS FIXED INTO THE CARBURETTOR BODY, SUCH AS: FUEL FEEDING DUCT, PIN SEAT,
STARTER NOZZLE, PICKUP NOZZLE AND PIT CAP, MINIMUM
AND MAXIMUM AIR CALIBRATOR, THROTTLE VALVE CONTROL
SHAFT. DO NOT REMOVE THE SCREWS FIXING THE THROTTLE
TO THE SHAFT. THE FIXING SCREWS ARE CAULKED AFTER ASSEMBLY AND THEIR REMOVAL DAMAGES THE SHAFT.
158
REFITTING THE CARBURETTOR
KEHIN
- Before proceeding to reassembly, carefully clean the carburettor body using fuel and compressed air.
- Be especially careful to the fuel inlet duct and the pin seat.
- For the maximum circuit, check the air calibration shown
in the figure.
- For the minimum circuit, check the correct cleaning of the
following points: air calibration, outlet section controlled by the
flow screw, progression holes close to the throttle valve.
- For the starter circuit, carefully blow the nozzle connection
duct since the nozzle support hides further internal calibrations
that are not accessible.
- Carefully blow the pickup nozzle.
N.B.
ITS OUTLET SECTION IS VERY SMALL AND FACES THE THROTTLE VALVE. A WRONG ORIENTATION OF THE NOZZLE CAUSES A POOR SPRAYING.
- Check that on the carburettor body there are 5 closing balls of
the processing ducts.
- Check that the matching surfaces with the basin and the membrane exhibit no dents.
- Check that the vacuum valve seat is not deformed.
159
- Check that the throttle valve and the shaft exhibit no abnormal
wear.
- Check that the pin seat exhibits no abnormal wear.
- In case of anomalies, replace the carburettor.
- Check that the pickup pump rocker return spring is not slackened.
N.B.
TO PREVENT DAMAGES, DO NOT INSERT METAL OBJECTS
INTO THE CALIBRATED SECTIONS.
- Wash and blow the minimum nozzle and then replace it.
-Wash and blow the components of the maximurn, emulsifier
and nozzle circuit.
- Insert the spray nozzle into the carburettor body with the
shorter cylindrical part facing the emulsifi- Install the emulsifier making sure that the spray nozzle is properly inserted, then lock it.
- Install the maximum nozzle.
- Check that the conical pin exhibits no wear on the pin sealing
surface and on the return spring.
- In case of wear, replace the pin.
160
- Check that the float exhibits no wear on the pin seat or on the
plate in contact with the pin, or fuel infiltrations.
- In case of anomalies, replace.
- Insert the float with the pin on the fuel feeding side.
N.B.
BE CAREFUL TO THE PROPER INSERTION OF THE RETURN
SPRING ON THE FLOAT PLATE.
- Remove the basin drainage screw and wash and blow the
basin, be especially careful to the cleaning of the pickup pump
ducts.
- Repeatedly actuate the pickup pump piston and blow with
compressed air.
- Replace the pickup pump valves in a sequence:
INTAKE VALVE (A)
- Spring
- Sphere
- Nozzle
DELIVERY VALVE (M)
- Spring
- Nozzle
- Sphere
N.B.
THE DELIVERY VALVE NOZZLE IS PROVIDED WITH A MILLING.
- Check the screw seal by pouring a small amount of fuel into
the basin.
- Install a new gasket on the basin.
- Install the basin on the carburettor body and tighten the 4
screws.
- Check that the control roller is free to rotate into its seat.
N.B.
CHECK THE PROPER INSERTION OF THE GASKET.
N.B.
AVOID ANY DEFORMATION OF THE PICKUP PUMP CONTROL
ROCKER.
161
- Wash and blow the flow screw.
- Check that the screw is free from deformation and/or oxidation.
- Assemble the spring on the screw.
- Tighten the flow screw on the carburettor body.
- The final position of the screw must be defined by the exhaust
gas analysis.
- Prepare the carburettor for adjustment with the screw loosened by 2 turns from the closed position.
WALBRO
- Before proceeding to reassembly, carefully clean the carburettor body using fuel and compressed air.
- Be especially careful to the fuel inlet duct and the pin seat.
- For the maximum circuit, check the air calibration shown
in the figure.
- Carefully clean the air holes shown in the figure.
- For the minimum circuit, check the correct cleaning of the
following points: air calibration, outlet section controlled by
the flow screw, progression holes close to the throttle valve.
N.B.
THE MINIMUM AIR IS CONTROLLED BY TWO CALIBRATIONS.
THAT OF THE CUT-OFF IS DIRECTLY OBTAINED IN THE CARBURETTOR BODY.
- For the starter circuit, carefully blow the nozzle connection
duct since the nozzle support hides further internal calibrations that are not accessible.
- Carefully blow the pickup nozzle.
N.B.
ITS OUTLET SECTION IS VERY SMALL AND FACES THE THROTTLE VALVE. A WRONG ORIENTATION OF THE NOZZLE CAUSES A POOR SPRAYING.
162
- Check that on the carburettor body there are 5 closing balls of
the processing ducts.
- Check that the matching surfaces with the basin and the membrane exhibit no dents.
- Check that the vacuum valve seat is not deformed.
- Check that the throttle valve and the shaft exhibit no abnormal
wear.
- Check that the pin seat exhibits no abnormal wear.
- In case of anomalies, replace the carburettor.
N.B.
TO PREVENT DAMAGES, DO NOT INSERT METAL OBJECTS
INTO THE CALIBRATED SECTIONS.
- Wash and blow the minimum nozzle and then replace it.
- Wash and blow the components of the maximum, emulsifier
and nozzle circuit.
- Insert the spray nozzle into the carburettor body with the shorter cylindrical part facing the emulsifier.
- Install the emulsifier making sure that the spray nozzle is properly inserted, then lock it.
- Install the maximum nozzle.
- Check that the conical pin exhibits no wear on the pin sealing
surface and on the return spring.
- In case of wear, replace the pin.
- Check that the float exhibits no wear on the pin seat or on the
plate in contact with the pin, or fuel infiltrations.
- In case of anomalies, replace.
- Install the float with the pin inserting the pin on the fuel feeding side.
N.B.
BE CAREFUL TO THE PROPER INSERTION OF THE RETURN
SPRING ON THE FLOAT PLATE.
163
LEVEL CHECK
KEHIN
- Place the carburettor tilted as shown in the figure,
- Check that the reference on the float is parallel to the basin
matching surface.
- If the position is different, change the orientation of the
metal pin control plate to obtain the position described above.
WALBRO
- Check that the float matching surface is parallel to the basin surface with carburettor in upturned position.
- If the position is different, change the orientation of the metal pin control plate to obtain the position described above.
- When deforming the plate, check that it remains parallel to
the floating pin.
N.B.
WITH THE CARBURETTOR IN UPTURNED POSITION, THE
FLOAT WEIGHT MUST NOT OVERCOME THE THRUST OF THE
CONICAL PIN SPRING. IF NOT SO, CHECK THAT THE FLOAT IS
NOT BURDENED WITH INFILTRATIONS OF FUEL, AND REPLACE THE FLOAT OR THE CONICAL PIN, IF REQUIRED.
- Wash and carefully blow the fuel conveying cap and insert
it on the starter nozzle.
N.B.
FAILURE TO INSTALL THIS PART CAUSES A WORSE COLD START
CHARACTERISTIC, SINCE THE STARTER NOZZLE WITHDRAWS
OLD FUEL FROM THE BASIN BOTTOM.
164
- Remove the basin drainage screw and wash and blow the
basin, be especially careful to the cleaning of the pickup
pump intake and delivery valve.
- Since the valves are unidirectional, carefully blow with compressed air in the intake valve from the basin internal side
and into the pump piston seat for the delivery valve.
- Check that the pickup pump piston and relevant seat into
the basin are free from wear.
- In case of wear, replace the defective parts.
- Check that the pickup pump piston contrast spring is not
worn.
- Install a new 0-Ring and a new bellows gasket, replace the
piston unit on the basin.
- Install a new 0-Ring on the basin drainage screw and tighten the screw.
- Check the screw seal by pouring a small amount of fuel
into the basin.
- Install a new gasket on the basin.
- Install the basin on the carburettor body and tighten the 4
screws.
- Wash and blow the flow screw, install a new O-Ring.
- Pre-assemble the components on the screw in the following
order: spring, washer, O-Ring.
- Tighten the flow screw on the carburettor body.
- The final position of the screw must be defined by the exhaust gas analysis.
- Prepare the carburettor for adjustment with the screw loosened by 3 turns from the closed position.
165
- Check that the pickup pump control rocker is free from abnormal wear.
- Check that the rocker travel end screw protrudes by 3.2
mm.
- Check that the rocker return spring is not slackened.
- Pre-assemble the spring and the rocker as shown in the
figure.
- Install the rocker on the carburettor keeping the throttle
valve open.
- Tighten the rocker fixing screw.
- Make sure that the gear works properly.
INSPECTING THE VALVE AND NEEDLE
KEHIN
- Check that the vacuum valve conical pin is free from wear.
- Check that the vacuum valve exhibits no scratches on the
outside surfaces.
- Check that the vacuum feeding hole is not clogged.
- Check that the membrane is not broken or hardened, if not
so, replace the entire valve.
- Insert the conical pin into the vacuum valve seat.
- Replace the vacuum gas valve on the carburettor body being careful to insert the pin into the spray nozzle.
N.B.
THE VALVE CAN BE INSERTED IN A SINGLE POSITION ONLY.
166
- Replace the spring with the pin lock.
- Replace the vacuum chamber cover checking the proper
positioning of the spring into the housing on the cover.
- Tighten the screws at the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Vacuum chamber cover screws: XX N m
- Wash and blow the ambient pressure inlet filter sponge.
- Replace the filter and its clamp.
- Wash and blow the starter support.
- Install a new gasket on the carburettor body and tighten
the 2 fixing screws.
167
WALBRO
- Check that the pin exhibits no wear and that the lock is in
the third notch out of 3.
- Check that the vacuum valve exhibits no scratches on the
outside diameter.
- Check that the 2 vacuum feeding hole are not clogged.
N.B.
THE 2 HOLES HAVE A DIFFERENT DIAMETER.
- Check that the membrane is not broken or hardened, if not
so, replace it.
- Replace the conical pin on the vacuum valve.
- Check the correct positioning of the spring on the pin and
the snapping into the relevant seat.
- Install the coupling by turning it by 1/8 turn.
- Replace the vacuum gas valve on the carburettor body being careful to insert the pin into the spray nozzle.
- Time the vacuum valve rotation inserting the membrane
tail into the relevant seat.
When the membrane is properly assembled to the valve, the
main vacuum feeding hole is in axis with the diffuser, on the
throttle valve side.
- Replace the spring on the valve.
- Replace the vacuum chamber cover matching the reference
with the membrane orientation reference.
- Tighten the screws at the prescribed torque.
- Check the cut-off valve functionality. Check that the membrane is not broken or hardened. Check the free length of
the spring.
Characteristic
Walbro: Standard length
24 mm
- Replace the membrane with the metal pin positioned on
the valve.
- Replace the spring and the cover. The cover must have the
vacuum inlet facing upwards
168
INSPECTING THE AUTOMATIC CHOKE DEVICE
- Check that the automatic starter piston exhibits no scratches or oxidation.
- Check that the piston slides freely into the seat.
- Check that the piston sealing gasket exhibits no deformations.
- The starter must be more or less inserted according to the
ambient temperature.
- Measure the projection of the piston as shown in the figure,
and check the corresponding value.
- Ensure that the starter settles at ambient temperature.
- Install the starter on the carburettor checking the proper
positioning of the 0-Ring, insert the plate with the knurling
resting against the starter, tighten the 2 fixing screws.
- Orientate the starter as in the figure.
- Install the safety casing.
- The actual heating time depends on the ambient temperature.
- If you detect projections, resistance or times dif- fering from
those prescribed, replace the starter.
- The starter should gradually disconnect by the electric heating.
- Check the starter resistance when settled at ambient temperature.
- Using a 12V battery, power the automatic starter and check
that the peiston reaches the maximum protrusion.
Characteristic
Automatic starter check: projection value
12,5- 13 mm at about 20°C
Automatic starter check: Maximum projection
18,5- 19 mm
Automatic starter check: Max time
5 min
Electric characteristic
Automatic starter check: Resistance about 30 Q
169
KEHIN
- Check that the automatic starter piston exhibits no scratches or oxidation.
- Check that the piston slides freely into the seat.
- Check that the piston sealing gasket exhibits no deformations.
- The starter must be more or less inserted according to the
ambient temperature.
- Measure the projection of the piston as shown in the figure,
and check the corresponding value.
- Ensure that the starter settles at ambient temperature.
- The starter should gradually disconnect by the electric heating.
- Check the starter resistance when settled at ambient temperature.
- Using a 12V battery, power the automatic starter and check
that the piston reaches the maximum protrusion.
- The actual heating time depends on the ambient temperature.
- If you detect projections, resistance or times differing from
those prescribed, replace the complete starter.
- Install the starter on the carburettor checking the proper
positioning of the 0-Ring, insert the plate with the knurling
resting against the starter, tighten the fixing screw.
- Orientate the starter as in the figure.
- Install the safety casing.
N.B.
TO PERFORM THIS CHECK, BE CAREFUL NOT TO GENERATE
ANY SHORT CIRCUITS. TO THIS PURPOSE, USE A CABLE WITH
SUITABLE TERMINAL FOR CONNECTING TO THE STARTER.
Characteristic
Automatic starter check Kehin max time
5 min
170
WALBRO
- Check that the automatic starter piston exhibits no scratches or oxidation.
- Check that the piston slides freely into the seat.
- Check that the piston sealing gasket exhibits no deformations.
- The starter must be more or less inserted according to the
ambient temperature.
- Measure the projection of the piston as shown in the figure,
and check the corresponding value.
- Ensure that the starter settles at ambient temperature.
- The starter should gradually disconnect by the electric heating.
- Check the starter resistance when settled at ambient temperature (20 - 25 °C).
- Using a 12V battery, power the automatic starter and check
that the piston reaches the maximum protrusion.
- The actual heating time depends on the ambient temperature.
- If you detect projections, resistance or times differing from
those prescribed, replace the starter.
Characteristic
Automatic starter check: projection value
12,5 ÷ 13 mm at about 20°C
Automatic starter check Walbro maximum projection
18,5 ÷ 19 mm
Automatic starter check Walbro max time
5 min
171
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
172
Fork assembly
M8x30 securing bolt
R-Hydraulic system with right-hand
Safety ring
Guide bush
Guide bush washer
Seal
Ring
Dust guard
R-Fork arm assembly
M10x30 securing bolt
Securing bolt washer
Cap ring
R-Fork cap assembly
Bottom inner arm bush
R-Plate stem assembly
R-Hydraulic system with left-hand
M10x50 securing bolt
Steering washer
Steering locknut
DISMANTLING
FRONT SUSPENSION
ATTENTION
TO CARRY OUT THE PROCESS OF DISMANTLING THE FORKS WITHOUT REMOVING THEM FROM THE BOTTOM PLATE.
TO DO SO, HOLD THE FORKS IN A BENCH VICE BY THE
STEERING COLUMN, THEREBY PREVENTING THEM FROM
BEING SCRATCHED.
- Extract the top closing bolt.
- Remove the top bolt.
ATENCIÓN
THE BOTTOM BAR OF THE FORKS WILL COME FREE. HOLD
IT TO PREVENT IT FROM FALLING.
Have ready a suitable sized container in which to drain off
the hydraulic fluid from each bar (pump the fork stem assembly in order to ensure it is completely drained).
173
Extract the spring and the preload spacer.
- Extract the oil seal dust guard together with its security
circlip.
- Firmly separate the bar from the fork stem.
Extract the elements:
- Dust guard (1).
- Oil seal (2).
- Washer (3).
- Scraper (4).
174
- Proceed with cleaning and degreasing all the front suspension components, so that they can be subsequently checked.
INSPECTING THE FRONT FORKS
- Check the degree of wear on the suspension bar guide
bush. Replace it in the event of it being damaged on over
30% of its total surface.
- With the aid of some X-shaped chocks and a comparison
meter fitted on a fixed support, determine the degree of
non-alignment of the bar.
Service limit:
0,4 mm.
- Check the length of the suspension spring, as well as its
distortion and/or lack of parallelism.
- Check the state of the rebound spring and the airtight Oring. Replace them in the event of evident distortion or damage.
Clean and degrease all the elements making up the assembly, ready for reassembly.
175
Reassemble the assembly, paying special attention to the tightening of the fork stem, as well as the fitting of the oil seal,
putting a little oil on its edges and inserting it with the aid of
the special tool. Refill the hydraulic fluid and do not forget to
insert the preload bush between the spring and the closing
plug.
FREE LENGTH OF SPRING (MM)
cm3 OIL / BAR
TYPE OF OIL
180 ± 2
200 ± 2
SAE 7,5 W
Fork elements tightening torques:
- Steering-chassis lock
8 ÷ 10 N.m (0.8 ÷ 1 m.kg)
- Fork stem closing
15 ÷ 19 N.m (1.5 ÷ 1.9 m.kg)
1. Refit all the components:
- Readjust forks to the chassis.
- Refit the front fairing.
- Connect the headlight cables, the turn indicators and the
dashboard.
NOTA
TIGHTEN ALL BOLTS TO THEIR NOMINAL TORQUE. (SEE
INFORMATION GENERAL).
2. Dismantle:
Front fairing
- Disconnect lighting connections.
- Disconnect dashboard connections.
4. Separate:
Forks wheel assembly (downwards).
5. Check:
- Functioning (top and bottom bearings).
Push the handlebars down several times.
Irregular functioning => Repair.
See “FRONT FORKS” in CHAPTER 6.
176
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
22
23
24
25
26
177
Shock absorber
10M 150x55 Allen bolt
D10 washer
10M150 nut
10M 150x80 Allen bolt
Shock absorber right-hand support bracket
8M 125x30 bolt
D8 washer
12M 175x35 Allen bolt
Bush
Shock absorber left-hand support bracket
8M 125x55 bolt
D8 washer
8M125 nut
8M 125x65 bolt
8M 125x55 bolt
D8 washer
8M125 nut
Rear suspension arm
8M 125x45 bolt
D8 washer
Stand
Stand separator tube
Inner stand spring
Outer stand spring
26
27
28
29
30
Stand stop rubber
O-ring
10M 150x130 hexagonal bolt
10M 150 hexagonal nut
D10 washer
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
178
Front engine support
14Mx200x70 hexagonal bolt
D15 flat washer
14M200 hexagonal nut
Engine support separator bush
Needle bush
Engine rear support
Engine securing bolt
D10 washer
10M50 self-locking nut
Engine support separator tube
Needle bush
Engine to engine support securing bolt
D10 washer
10M150 self-locking nut
Engine support Silentblock
Silentblock securing clamp
8M125x20 bolt
D8 washer
8M125 nut
DISMANTLING
1. Place the motorcycle on a flat surface.
WARNING
SUPPORT THE MOTORCYCLE FIRMLY, IN SUCH A WAY THAT
THERE IS NO RISK OF IT FALLING.
Before proceeding with dismantling, support the machine on
a block of wood placed under the chassis.
2. Extract:
- Rear wheel.
- Joint elements from the image described on the previous
page.
- Leave the shock absorber hanging to inspect the flange or
to dismantle the engine.
WARNING
FOR COMPLETE DISMANTLING, ACCESS THE SEAT INNER
DRAWER. EXTRACT THE PLASTIC DRAWER AND EXTRACT
THE TOP SHOCK ABSORBER SECURING DEVICE. REMOVE
IT ONCE THIS HAS BEEN DONE.
3. Extract:
- The joints indicated in the image.
- Remove the rear suspension arm to inspect it.
INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
- Swinging arm and engine support assembly.
Play => Tighten the joint shaft nut or renew the bushes on
the engine support/ engine support needle bearing assembly.
- Vertical movement of the swinging arm
Uneven movement /warping/stains => renew the bushes on
the engine support/ engine support needle bearing assembly.
- Horizontal movement of the swinging arm
Uneven movement /warping/stains => renew the bushes on
the engine support/ engine support needle bearing assembly.
2. Inspect:
- Shock absorber
Oil leaks/damage => Renew the shock absorber.
179
SWING
G-ARM
REMOVAL
- Put the vehicle on the centre stand.
- Suitably support the engine.
- Unscrew the nut shown in the figure and pull out the
pivot on the left side.
- Unscrew the nut on the left side of the vehicle and remove
the pivot on the opposite side.
- Ensure engine-side and frame-side swing-arm braces are
free to rotate freely about pivot.
- Check the axial play between the two swingarms using feeler gauges.
Characteristic
Max allowable limit after use
1 mm
Standard clearance
0,40 ÷ 0,70 mm
180
CHECKING
THE SWINGING ARM
- Accurately grease the roller cages
-Insert the spacers
- Install the two halves with their respective bolts in the position indicated in the picture.
- Install the bolt in the direction shown in the picture.
- Position the frame-side swing-arm with the protrusion facing the silent-block, as shown in the picture.
Recommended products
Grease for steering wheel bearings and pin seats
Lithium soap and zinc oxide grease NLG12 for the oscillating arm
EXHAUST
BRACKET
REMOVAL
- Loosen and remove the lower shock-absorber fixing bolt
from the swing-arm bracket.
- Loosen the swing-arm fixing screws from the engine.
- Remove cotter pin and safety cap; Loosen wheel axle nut;
to prevent wheel rotation, apply rear brake.
- Remove swing-arm mounting bracket.
- Remove silencer assembly.
181
OVERHAUL
- Remove the spring clip shown in the picture.
- Suitably support the silencer mounting bracket.
- Using special tool, extract bearing from its housing as
shown in the picture.
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020456Y 0 24 mm adaptor
- Using a heat gun, heat up the bearing housing.
- Using the special drift, insert a new bearing in the housing
as shown in the picture.
Specific tooling
020376Y Handle for punches
020151Y Air heater
REFITTING
- For the reassembly, follow the operations indicated above
in the reverse order, complying with the tightening torques.
Locking torques (N*m)
Rear wheel spindle nut 104 ÷ 126
Silencer support arm screws on engine (*) 20 ÷ 25
Shock absorber bottom fixing 33 ÷ 41
182
CENTRE-STAND
- Remove the two stand return springs.
- Unscrew the nut shown in the figure.
- Remove the pivot from the right-hand side.
- Remove the stand.
- After refitting the stand, tighten the nut with the prescribed
torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Central stand bolt 25 ÷ 30
REMOVAL
- Release the springs.
- Loosen the nut.
- Extract the screw.
RE-ASSEMBLY
Insert the sealing rings on the side stand support tube; perform the above operations in the reverse order, then move
the sealing rings to their seats.
CAUTION
LUBRICATE THE FOLLOWING PARTS WITH GREASE TUTELA
Z2: SPRING PINS, BUSHES ON STAND FIXING BRACKETS.
Recommended products
Grease for steering wheel bearings and pin seats
Lithium soap and zinc oxide grease NLG12 for the oscillating arm
Locking torques (N*m)
Fastening screw 20 ÷ 25
183
REAR
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
184
WHEEL
125 C.C.
Front wheel
Tyre
Valve, tyre
Bearing
Bearing
Front wheel axle
Bush
Washer
Nut
Protector
Cover
Front brake disc
Screw
Screw
Brake caliper
Spring
Screw
Bleed
Set of barke pads
Screw
REAR
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
185
WHEEL
250
50 C.C.
Front wheel
Tyre
Valve tyre
Bearing
Bearing
Front wheel axle
Bush
Washer
Nut
Protector
Front brake disc
Front brake disc
Screw
Brake caliper
Brake caliper
Spring
Screw
Bleed
Set of brake pads
Screw
Distributor
Tube connector
Tube connector
Tube connector
Washer
26
27
28
29
30
Screw
Washer
Nut
Pipe
Pipe
DISMANTLING
WARNING
- ENSURE THAT THE MOTORCYCLE IS SUPPORTED FIRMLY
AND THERE IS NO RISK OF IT FALLING.
- PLACE THE MOTORCYCLE ON A FLAT SURFACE.
1. Extract:
- Front brake calliper (Bolts 1 and 2).
2. Extract:
- Nut protecting cover.
- Nut (left side).
3. Raise:
- Front wheel
(Put a suitable support under the engine).
4. Extract:
- Front wheel axle.
- Front brake disk assembly.
- Dustguard/spacer.
- Front wheel.
INSPECTING
THE FRONT WHEEL
1. Inspect:
- Front wheel axle. (By rolling it on a flat surface).
Warping => Replace.
WARNING
DO NOT TRY STRAIGHTENING A WARPED AXLE.
Wheel axle warp limit:
0,25 mm
2. Inspect:
- Neumático delantero.
Damage/wear => Replace.
186
3. Check:
- Spokes.
Warps/damage => Replace.
4. Measure:
- Distortion of the front wheel
Above that specified => Replace.
Distortion limits for the front wheel:
Radial (a):
0,5 mm
Lateral (b):
0,8 mm
5. Check:
- Front wheel bearings.
Bearings allow play in the wheel hub or the wheel does not
turn freely => Replace.
- Retaining rings.
Damage/wear => Replace.
6. Inspect:
- Spacer.
With scratches/worn => Replace the spacer and the
retaining ring.
187
DISMANTLING
THE FRONT DISK CALLIPER
- Loosen the banjo bolt (1) from the bottom end of the brake
pipe and tighten it slightly.
- Unscrew the calliper mounting bolts (2) and separate the
calliper (3) backwards from the disk.
PRECAUTION
CLEAN OFF ANY SPILT BRAKE FLUID REMAINS IMMEDIATELY.
Fitting the front calliper:
- Fit the bottom end of the brake pipe and the calliper.
- Tighten to nominal torque.
- Tighten the brake banjo bolt.
- Check brake fluid level.
- Bleed the brake system pipe (consult “Bleeding the brake
system pipe” in this chapter).
- Check the condition of the braking force to see if any
resistance is noted or any loss of fluid.
WARNING
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RIDE THE MOTORCYCLE UNTIL THE
BRAKE LEVER IS OPERATING PROPERLY. PUMP THE LEVER
UNTIL THE PADS ARE AGAINST THE DISK. IF NOT, THE
BRAKES WILL NOT WORK THE FIRST TIME THE LEVER IS
USED.
188
Extracting the front brake pads.
- Remove the front brake calliper (see “Dismantling the front
brake calliper” in this chapter).
Extract:
- Pad springs (1).
- Pin.
- Brake pads (2).
Fitting the front brake pads
- Press the calliper pistons in manually.
- Fit the pads inside the calliper.
- Adjust the pad springs.
WARNING
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RIDE THE MOTORCYCLE UNTIL THE
BRAKE LEVER IS OPERATING FULLY. THIS IS ACHIEVED BY
PUMPING THE LEVER UNTIL THE PADS ARE AGAINST THE
DISK. IF NOT, THE BRAKES WILL NOT WORK THE FIRST
TIME THE LEVER IS USED.
Inspecting the pads for wear
- Remove the front brake pads.
- Examine both brake pads.
If the wear has caused the wear indicating groove (1) to disappear, both pads must be renewed.
Extracting the front brake cylinder.
- Extract the bolt (1) and remove the flexible pipe from the
brake cylinder reservoir.
189
N.B.
THE MASTER CYLINDER (1) IS INCORPORATED INTO THE
FRONT BRAKE LEVER ASSEMBLY.
- EXTRACT THE SCREWS (2) AND THE FRONT BRAKE LEVER
ASSEMBLY.
PRECAUTION
CLEAN OFF ANY SPILT BRAKE FLUID REMAINS IMMEDIATELY.
Extract:
- Brake lever mounting bolt and nut.
- Brake lever.
Fitting the front master cylinder:
- Fit the brake lever assembly and tighten the securing
screw.
- Tighten the flexible brake pipe bolt.
- Bleed the brake system pipe (consult “Bleeding the brake
system pipe” in this chapter).
- Check the condition of the braking force to see if any resistance is noted or any loss of fluid.
Checking the brake lever master cylinder (visual check):
- Extract the master cylinder (consult “Extracting the front
master cylinder” in this section).
- Dismantle the front master cylinder:
- Check that there are no scratches, corrosion or holes on
the inner walls of the master cylinders and on the outer part
of each piston.
- If any damage is discovered on the master cylinder or on
the pistons, change them.
- Examine the primary seal and secondary seal.
- If the seal is worn, soft (perished) or swollen, change the
piston assembly to renew the seals.
- If fluid loss is noticed at the brake lever, change the seals.
190
Checking the brake calliper main cylinder:
- Check that the anti-dust boots are not damaged.
If they are, change them.
- Check that the piston return is not damaged. If it is, renew it.
- Check that the relief port and feed port are not blocked.
if the relief port is blocked, the brake pads will bind on the
disk. Inject compressed air to clean the ports.
Extracting the brake disk:
- Remove the front wheel.
- Unscrew the mounting bolts and extract the disk.
Fitting the brake disk
- Fit the brake disk onto the front wheel so that side (2) faces
outwards.
- Apply a temporary blocking device to the threads of the
brake disk mounting bolts(1).
- Tighten the front brake disk mounting bolts(1).
Nominal tightening torque:
0.8 ÷ 1 m.kg (8 ÷ 10 N.m)
Wear to the brake disk:
- Measure the thickness of the disks (A) at the point where
they are most worn.
- If the disk is more worn than specified in the service limit,
renew it.
Measurement area (B).
Standard thickness of the front brake disk.
3.3 ÷ 3.6 mm.
Service limit:
3.1 mm
191
Brake disk distortion:
- Raise the motorcycle on the jack so that the tyre is clear of
the ground.
- To check the front disk, turn the handlebars completely to
one side.
- Place a dial calibrator against the disk (A) as shown, and
measure the disk’s deviation from centre as the tyre is turned
by hand (B).
- If the deviation from centre exceeds the service limit, renew
the disk.
Disk deviation from centre:
Standard:
less than 0.15mm
Service limit:
0,3 mm
Bleeding the brake system pipe
The brake fluid has a very low compression coefficient, with
the result that almost all the movements of the brake lever are
transmitted directly to the calliper for braking. Air however
compresses easily. When air enters the brake system pipes,
the movement of the brake lever is partially used up in compressing the air. This causes the lever to feel spongy and leads
to a loss of braking power.
WARNING
BE SURE TO BLEED AIR OUT OF THE BRAKE SYSTEM WHEN
THE BRAKE LEVER FEELS SPONGY AFTER CHANGING THE
BRAKE FLUID OR WHEN THE BRAKE SYSTEM PIPE HAS BEEN
LOOSENED FOR ANY REASON.
Extract:
- Bolts (1).
- Reservoir cap (2).
- Fill the reservoir with brake fluid up to the top reservoir
line.
- With the cap removed, pump the brake lever slowly several
times until no bubbles can be seen rising through the liquid.
192
Purge the air completely from the master cylinder using this
procedure.
- Remove the transparent plastic cap from the bleed nipple
and place the other end of the pipe in a container.
- Repeat the following procedure until there is no air left
emerging from the plastic pipe:
- Pump the brake lever until it becomes hard and holds the
brakes down.
- Open and close the purge valve quickly while keeping the
brake on.
- Release the brake.
N.B.
CHECK THE FLUID LEVEL FREQUENTLY DURING THE BLEEDIING OPERATION AND REPLENISH THE RESERVOIR WITH
BRAKE FLUID WHEN NECESSARY. IF THE RESERVOIR EMPTIES
COMPLETELY OF BRAKE FLUID AT ANY TIME THE DURING
BLEEDING PROCEDURE, PERFORM THE BLEEDING PROCEDURE ALL OVER AGAIN FROM THE BEGINNING, SINCE AIR
WILL HAVE ENTERED THE PIPE. TAP THE BRAKE PIPE LIGHTLY FROM THE CALLIPER TO THE RESERVOIR TO ACHIEVE A
MORE COMPLETE BLEEDING.
- Extract the transparent plastic pipe.
Fit:
- Reservoir cap.
- Cap securing screws.
-Tighten the bleed valve and fit the rubber hood.
- Check brake fluid level.
- Once the bleeding process has been carried out, check the
efficiency of the brake to see if there is any resistance or any
fluid loss.
WARNING
WHEN WORKING WITH THE DISK BRAKE, TAKE THE FOLLOWING PRECAUTIONS:
1) NEVER RE-USE BRAKE FLUID.
2) DO NOT USE FLUID FROM A CONTAINER THAT HAS
BEEN LEFT OPEN OR HAS BEEN LEFT UNUSED FOR A PROLONGED PERIOD OF TIME.
193
3) DO NOT MIX TWO TYPES OR BRANDS OF FLUID FOR
USE IN THE BRAKE. THIS LOWERS THE BRAKE FLUID EVAPORATION POINT AND MAY RESULT IN THE BRAKES NOT
WORKING EFFICIENTLY. IN ADDITION, IT MAY CAUSE DETERIORATION OF THE BRAKE PARTS.
4) DO NOT LEAVE THE RESERVOIR CAP OFF AT ANY TIME,
TO PREVENT CONTAMINATION OF THE FLUID.
5) DO NOT CHANGE THE FLUID IN RAINY OR VERY WINDY CONDITIONS.
6) EXCEPT ON THE BRAKE LININGS AND THE DISK, USE
ONLY BRAKE FLUID, ISOPROPILIC ALCOHOL OR ETHYL
ALCOHOL FOR CLEANING BRAKE PARTS. DO NOT USE
ANY OTHER TYPE OF LIQUID FOR CLEANING THESE PARTS.
PETROL, ENGINE OIL OR ANY OTHER PETROLEUM DISTILLATE WILL CAUSE RUBBER PARTS TO DETERIORATE.
IF OIL IS SPILT ON ANY PART, IT WILL BE DIFFICULT TO
CLEAN COMPLETELY AND MAY DETERIORATE THE RUBBER USED IN THE DISK BRAKE.
7) ON HANDLING THE DISK BRAKE LININGS OR THE DISK,
TAKE CARE TO ENSURE THAT NO BRAKE FLUID COMES
INTO CONTACT WITH THEM. CLEAN ANY REMAINS OF
BRAKE FLUID THAT ACCIDENTALLY COMES INTO CONTACT WITH THE LININGS OR WITH THE DISK WITH A SOLVENT WITH A HIGH INFLAMMATION POINT. DO NOT USE
ONE THAT LEAVES GREASY RESIDUES. IF LININGS CANNOT BE CLEANED SATISFACTORILY, CHANGE THEM FOR
NEW ONES.
8) BRAKE FLUID DESTROYS PAINTED SURFACES RAPIDLY.
CLEAN OFF ANY SPILT REMAINS IMMEDIATELY.
9) IF ANY OF THE BRAKE SYSTEM PIPE SECURING SYSTEMS OR THE BLEED VALVE OPENS AT ANY TIME, THE AIR
CAN BE BLED FROM THE BRAKE SYSTEM PIPE.
ASSEMBLING
THE FRONT WHEEL
1. Fit:
- Speedometer assembly
194
ASSEMBLING
THE FRONT WHEEL
Reverse the “DISMANTLING” procedures. Take care
with the following points:
1. Lubricate:
- Front wheel axle.
- Bearing.
- Retaining rings.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium soap based grease
2. Fit:
- Front wheel
3. Tighten:
- Front wheel axle.
- Axle nut (front wheel).
ATTENTION
BEFORE TIGHTENING THE WHEEL AXLE, PUSH THE FRONT
FORKS DOWN SEVERAL TIMES, HOLDING THE HANDLEBARS, TO CHECK THEIR OPERATION.
Axle nut:
70-80 N.m (7-8 kgf.m)
WARNING
ENSURE THAT THE SPEEDOMETER CABLE GUIDE IS CORRECT.
4. Check:
Front brake functioning
Irregular functioning => Dismantle or check again.
- Brake lever play
195
REAR
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
196
WHEEL
125
5 C.C.
Rear rim
Tyre
Valve, tyre
Pin
Bush
Bush
Nut
Nut
Pin
Brake disc bracket
Screw
Washer
Rear brake disc
Screw
Nut
Bracket
Screw
Washer
Washer
Rear clip assembly
Screw
Washer
Spring
Screw
Bleed
Set of brake pads
REAR
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
197
WHEEL
250
50 C.C.
Rear rim
Tyre
Valve, tyre
Pin
Bush
Bush
Nut
Nut
Pin
Brake disc bracket
Screw
Washer
Rear brake disc
Screw
Nut
Bracket
Screw
Washer
Washer
Rear clip assembly
Screw
Washer
Spring
Screw
Bleed
Set of brake pads
Pin
DISMANTLING
WARNING
- ENSURE THAT THE MOTORCYCLE IS SUPPORTED FIRMLY
AND THERE IS NO RISK OF IT FALLING.
- PLACE THE MOTORCYCLE ON A FLAT SURFACE.
- Place the machine on the centre stand so that the rear wheel
is slightly raised.
- Remove the exhaust pipe.
- Remove the right-hand swinging arm support.
- Remove the shock absorber right-hand support bracket.
N.B.
KEEP THE LEFT-HAND ONE IN POSITION TO PREVENT THE
ENGINE FROM FALLING FROM THE CHASSIS (1).
- Remove the 5 wheel-secondary transmission output axle securing devices.
- Remove the rear wheel.
DISMANTLING
THE REAR DISK CALLIPER
- Loosen the bolt at the bottom end of the flexible brake hose
and tighten it slightly (1)
- Unscrew the Allen bolts securing the calliper to the support
plate. (2)
- Remove the brake calliper (3).
PRECAUTION
CLEAN OFF ANY SPILT BRAKE FLUID REMAINS IMMEDIATELY.
198
Fitting the rear calliper
- Fit the bottom end of the flexible brake pipe and the calliper.
- Tighten the brake banjo bolt.
- Check brake fluid level.
- Bleed the braking system pipe (consult “Bleeding the brake
system pipe”, in the chapter corresponding to the front
brakes).
- Check the condition of the braking force to see if any resistance is noted or any loss of fluid.
WARNING
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RIDE THE MOTORCYCLE UNTIL THE
BRAKE LEVER IS OPERATING PROPERLY. PUMP THE LEVER
UNTIL THE PADS ARE AGAINST THE DISK. IF NOT, THE
BRAKES WILL NOT WORK THE FIRST TIME THE LEVER IS
USED.
Extracting the rear brake pads
- Remove the rear brake calliper (see “Dismantling the rear
brake calliper”, in this chapter).
Extract:
- Pad springs (1).
- Brake pads.
Fitting the rear brake pads.
- Press the calliper pistons in manually.
- Fit the pads inside the calliper.
- Adjust the pad springs.
199
WARNING
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RIDE THE MOTORCYCLE UNTIL THE
BRAKE PEDAL IS OPERATING FULLY. PUMP THE LEVER UNTIL THE PADS ARE AGAINST THE DISK. IF NOT, THE BRAKE
WILL NOT WORK THE FIRST TIME THE PEDAL IS USED.
Inspecting the pads for wear
- Removing the rear brake pads.
- Examine both brake pads.
If the wear has caused the wear indicating groove (1) to
disappear, both pads must be renewed.
Extracting the rear main cylinder
- Remove the cover protecting the main cylinder. (The bolts securing the cover also support the cylinder)
- Extract the bolt and remove the flexible hose from the
brake cylinder reservoir.
PRECAUTION
CLEAN OFF ANY SPILT BRAKE FLUID REMAINS IMMEDIATELY.
Fitting the rear main cylinder.
- Fit the rear main cylinder and its protective cover.
- Tighten the brake flexible hose bolt.
- Bleed the brake system pipe (consult “Bleeding the brake
system pipe” in this chapter).
- Check the condition of the braking force to see if any
resistance is noted or any loss of fluid.
200
Checking the rear main cylinder (visual check)
- Extract the main cylinder (consult “Extracting the rear
main cylinder” in this section).
- Dismantle the rear main cylinder.
- Check that there are no scratches, corrosion or holes in
the inner walls of the main cylinder and on the outer part
of each piston.
If any damage is discovered on the master cylinder or
on the pistons, change them.
- Examine the primary and secondary seals.
- If a seal is worn, soft (perished) or swollen, change the
piston assembly to renew the seals.
- If you notice loss of fluid in the brake cylinder, change
the seals.
Checking the rear calliper main cylinder
- Check that the anti-dust boots are not damaged.
If they are, change them.
- Check that the piston return is not damaged. If it is, renew it.
- Check that the relief port and feed port are not blocked.
if the relief port is blocked, the brake pads will bind on the
disk. Inject compressed air to clean the ports.
Extracting the brake disk
- Extract the rear wheel.
- Unscrew the mounting bolts and extract the disk.
Fitting the brake disk
- Fit the brake disk to the rear wheel in such a way that the
engraved side faces outwards.
- Apply a temporary blocking device to the threads of the
brake disk mounting bolts.
- Tighten the rear brake disk securing bolts.
Nominal tightening torque:
1.0 ÷ 1.2 m-kg (10 ÷ 12 N.m)
201
Brake disk wear
- Measure the thickness of the disks (A) at the point where
they are most worn.
- If the disk is more worn than specified in the service limit,
renew it.
Measurement area (B).
Standard brake disk thickness:
3.8 ÷ 4.2 mm.
Service limit:
3.6 mm.
Brake disk distortion
- Raise the motorcycle on the jack so that the tyre is clear of
the ground.
- Place a dial calibrator against the disk (A) as shown, and
measure the disk’s deviation from centre as the tyre is turned
(B) by hand.
- If the deviation from centre exceeds the service limit, renew
the disk.
Disk deviation from centre:
Standard:
Inferior a 0,15 mm
Service limit:
0,3 mm
Bleeding the brake system pipe
The brake fluid has a very low compression coefficient, with
the result that almost all the movements of the brake lever
are transmitted directly to the calliper for braking. Air however compresses easily. When air enters the brake system pipes, the movement of the brake lever is partially used up in
compressing the air. This causes the pedal to feel spongy and
leads to a loss of braking power.
WARNING
BE SURE TO BLEED AIR OUT OF THE BRAKE SYSTEM WHEN
THE BRAKE LEVER FEELS SPONGY AFTER CHANGING THE
BRAKE FLUID OR WHEN THE BRAKE SYSTEM PIPE HAS BEEN
LOOSENED FOR ANY REASON.
Extract:
Reservoir cap (threaded)
- Fill the reservoir with new brake fluid up to the reservoir’s
top level line.
- With the cap removed, pump the brake pedal several times under no bubbles are seen rising through the fluid.
202
Extract:
- Bolts (1).
- Reservoir cap (2).
- Fill the reservoir with brake fluid up to the top reservoir
line.
- With the cap removed, pump the brake lever slowly several
times until no bubbles can be seen rising through the liquid.
Purge the air completely from the master cylinder using this
procedure.
- Remove the transparent plastic cap from the bleed nipple
and place the other end of the pipe in a container.
- Repeat the following procedure until there is no air left
emerging from the plastic pipe:
- Pump the brake lever until it becomes hard and holds the
brakes down.
- Open and close the purge valve quickly while keeping the
brake on.
- Release the brake.
NOTA
CHECK THE FLUID LEVEL FREQUENTLY DURING THE
BLEEDIING OPERATION AND REPLENISH THE RESERVOIR
WITH BRAKE FLUID WHEN NECESSARY. IF THE RESERVOIR
EMPTIES COMPLETELY OF BRAKE FLUID AT ANY TIME THE
DURING BLEEDING PROCEDURE, PERFORM THE BLEEDING
PROCEDURE ALL OVER AGAIN FROM THE BEGINNING,
SINCE AIR WILL HAVE ENTERED THE PIPE. TAP THE BRAKE
PIPE LIGHTLY FROM THE CALLIPER TO THE RESERVOIR TO
ACHIEVE A MORE COMPLETE BLEEDING.
- Extract the transparent plastic pipe.
Fit:
- Reservoir cap.
- Cap securing screws.
-Tighten the bleed valve and fit the rubber hood.
- Check brake fluid level.
- Once the bleeding process has been carried out, check the
efficiency of the brake to see if there is any resistance or any
fluid loss.
203
WARNING
WHEN WORKING WITH THE DISK BRAKE, TAKE THE FOLLOWING PRECAUTIONS:
1) NEVER RE-USE BRAKE FLUID.
2) DO NOT USE FLUID FROM A CONTAINER THAT HAS
BEEN LEFT OPEN OR HAS BEEN LEFT UNUSED FOR A PROLONGED PERIOD OF TIME.
3) DO NOT MIX TWO TYPES OR BRANDS OF FLUID FOR
USE IN THE BRAKE. THIS REDUCES THE BRAKE FLUID EVAPORATING POINT AND MAY RESULT IN THE BRAKES NOT
WORKING EFFICIENTLY. IN ADDITION, IT MAY CAUSE DETERIORATION OF THE BRAKE PARTS.
4) DO NOT LEAVE THE RESERVOIR CAP OFF AT ANY TIME,
TO PREVENT CONTAMINATION OF THE FLUID.
5) DO NOT CHANGE THE FLUID IN RAINY OR VERY WINDY CONDITIONS.
6) EXCEPT ON THE BRAKE LININGS AND THE DISK, USE
ONLY BRAKE FLUID, ISOPROPILIC ALCOHOL OR ETHYL ALCOHOL FOR CLEANING BRAKE PARTS. DO NOT USE ANY
OTHER TYPE OF LIQUID FOR CLEANING THESE PARTS.
PETROL, ENGINE OIL OR ANY OTHER PETROLEUM DISTILLATE WILL CAUSE RUBBER PARTS TO DETERIORATE. IF OIL
IS SPILT ON ANY PART, IT WILL BE DIFFICULT TO CLEAN
COMPLETELY AND MAY DETERIORATE THE RUBBER USED
IN THE DISK BRAKE.
7) ON HANDLING THE DISK BRAKE LININGS OR THE
DISK, TAKE CARE TO ENSURE THAT NO BRAKE FLUID COMES INTO CONTACT WITH THEM. CLEAN ANY REMAINS
OF BRAKE FLUID THAT ACCIDENTALLY COMES INTO CONTACT WITH THE LININGS OR WITH THE DISK WITH A SOLVENT WITH A HIGH INFLAMMATION POINT. DO NOT USE
ONE THAT LEAVES GREASY RESIDUES. IF LININGS CANNOT BE CLEANED SATISFACTORILY, CHANGE THEM FOR
NEW ONES.
8) BRAKE FLUID DESTROYS PAINTED SURFACES RAPIDLY.
CLEAN OFF ANY SPILT REMAINS IMMEDIATELY.
9) IF ANY OF THE BRAKE SYSTEM PIPE SECURING SYSTEMS
OR THE BLEED VALVE OPENS AT ANY TIME, THE AIR CAN BE
BLED FROM THE BRAKE SYSTEM PIPE.
204
INSPECTING
THE REAR WHEEL
1. Inspect:
- Rear wheel axle
- Rear wheel
- Rear wheel bearings
- Retaining rings
See the “WHEEL AND REAR BRAKE” section
2. Measure:
- Distortion of the rear wheel
See the “WHEEL AND REAR BRAKE” section
FITTING
THE REAR WHEEL
Reverse the “DISMANTLING” procedures.
Take care with the following points:
1. Fit:
- Rear wheel.
2. Adjust:
- Drive chain tension
Nominal tightening torque:
2,7 ÷ 2,9 m.kg (27 ÷ 28 N.m)
205
CIRCUIT
CU DIAGRAM
G
ENGINE 250
ENGINE
COOLING CIRCUIT
SPECIFICATION
DESC. / QUANTITY
A
Carburettor heating circuit
B
Thermostat with by-pass
C
Expansion tank
D
Radiator
206
CIRCUIT
CU DIAGRAM
G
ENGINE 125
ENGINE
COOLING CIRCUIT
SPECIFICATION
DESC. / QUANTITY
A
Carburettor heating circuit
B
Thermostat with by-pass
C
Expansion tank
D
Radiator
207
WATER
PUMP
-
OVERHAUL
ENGINE 125
- In case of noise of the bearings or fluid leaks from the inside drainage hole, proceed to the water pump overhaul.
- Remove the flywheel cover with the water pump from the
engine (see chapter 4).
- Remove the impeller cover loosening the 3 screws shown
in the figure.
- Place the flywheel cover on the ring base of the tool drawing
no. 020440Y.
- Using a press and the punch of the specific tool 020440Y,
eject the shaft with impeller from the drive and from the bearings.
- Using a screwdriver, remove the static portion of the ceramic seal from the flywheel cover.
-Place the flywheel cover under the press checking that it is
perfectly in plane.
- Using the punch in reverse position, eject the two ball bearings.
N.B.
TO PREVENT DAMAGING THE COVER SURFACE THAT SEALS
THE COOLING FLUID, USE THE RING BASE WITH THE MACHINED SURFACE FACING THE FLYWHEEL COVER.
Components inspection
- Ensure the impeller is not abnormally worn or cracked;
- Ensure the impeller shaft is not corroded;
- Ensure there are no signs of oxidation on the bearing
housing and on the ceramic seals;
- Ensure the driven gear is not cracked and perfectly joint to
the steel hub.
208
- Using the thermal gun, heat the flywheel cover from the
internal side.
- Place the flywheel cover on the ring base in a way similar
to the removal steps.
- Place the pair of bearings on the specific punch.
- Keep the bearings on the specific tool by grease.
- Insert the bearings into the crankcase to travel end, using
a plastic mallet.
- Assemble the ceramic ring and the relevant rubber gasket.
The chamfering of the ceramic ring must face the gasket.
- Lubricate the rubber gasket and insert the unit on the
flywheel cover.
- If necessary, manually use the punch of the specific tool.
- Insert the drive on the guiding pin of the support base of
the specific tool, with the convex part facing upwards.
-Insert the flywheel cover with the bearings on the specific
tool.
- Insert the shaft with mechanical seal on the bearings.
- Using the specific punch and the press, insert the shaft
into the bearings and into the drive to the travel end of the
specific tool.
- Replace the impeller cover using a new 0-Ring.
- Tighten the 3 fixing screws at the torque below:
N.B.
DO NOT HEAT TOO MUCH AS THIS MAY CAUSE ALTERATIONS TO THE PAINTED SURFACE.
N.B.
ALWAYS USE NEW BEARINGS.
N.B.
ALWAYS USE NEW GASKET AND CERAMIC RING. A NONMANUAL ASSEMBLY OF THE CERAMIC SEALING RING
COULD DAMAGE THE SAME.
209
N.B.
PERFECTLY CENTRE THE PUNCH ON THE IMPELLER. MOVE
THE SHAFT AND CHECK THAT THE FLYWHEEL COVER TURNS IN PLANE. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS REGULATION
CAN DAMAGE THE DRIVE.
N.B.
DO NOT LUBRICATE THE 0-RING. FAILURE TO OBSERVE
THIS RULE CAUSES A DEFORMATION OF THE RING.
Specific tooling
020440Y Water pump overhaul tool
Locking torques (N*m)
Water pump impeller cover 3 ÷ 4
ENGINE 250
- Remove the complete flywheel cover
- Remove the stator
- Remove the pump cover by loosening the 3 fixing screws
- Remove the sealing gasket
210
The pump can be services using the special tool and a press.
The special tool is designed to be used with the presses most
commonly found in workshops. For those presses equipped
with a 35-mm piston and protective cap with fixing screw, it
is sufficient to remove the cap and install the components of
the special tool in its place. The special tool can be prepared
in advance depending on its use on presses equipped with
piston with a threaded type of coaxial coupling tang or cylindrical with stop groove. Then prepare the threaded ring with
the adapter suitable for the coupling of the press used.
- Position the flywheel cover in the hydraulic press by inserting the impeller in the ring that is part of the special tool, as
shown in the photo
N.B.
POSITION THE BASE WITH THE SURFACE PROVIDED WITH
BETTER FINISH TURNED TOWARDS THE FLYWHEEL COVER.
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THIS INSTRUCTION MAY RESULT IN DETERIORATION OF THE SURFACE INTENDED FOR
THE COOLANT’S SEAL.
Specific tooling
020628Y Water pump overhaul kit - quasar 250
Install the pin that is part of the special tool on the press
piston.
Turn the flywheel cover until it permits insertion of the pin
inside the joint and eject the pump shaft from the joint and
bearings.
Specific tooling
020628Y Water pump overhaul kit - quasar 250
211
Remove the ceramic seal from the pump shaft. Using a
screwdriver, remove the ceramic ring and sealing gasket
from the flywheel cover.
N.B.
IN THE EVENT YOU PLAN TO REUSE THE MECHANICAL
SEAL, PAY ATTENTION DURING THE DISASSEMBLY STAGES
IN ORDER TO NOT CHIP THE CERAMIC RING.
- Remove the joint from the seat inside the seal ring.
- Position the flywheel cover in the press while sustaining it
using the surface to be used for coupling with the engine
case.
ATENCIÓN
CHECK THE POSITIONING OF THE CENTRING DOWELS.
PROPERLY PROTECT THE COUPLING SURFACE.
Centre the cover until it permits insertion of the pin and then
eject the seal ring and the two ball bearings.
Specific tooling
020628Y Water pump overhaul kit - quasar 250
212
Before you reassemble, wash all the components and continue with the following checks.
Flywheel cover: Check that there are no cracks or oxidation
on the seat of the ceramic seal. Check the capacity loads of
the bearings and of the seal ring. Check the efficiency of the
drain hole.
Shaft: Check to be sure there is no oxidation. Check that the
impeller is in perfect condition. Ceramic seal: Check that the
ceramic seals are not worn, cracked or scored. Check that
the two rubber seals are in perfect condition. Check the
thrust spring.
Bearings: Check that they do not have irregular plays or are
noisy.
Entrainment joint: Check that there is no abnormal wear on
the seat for the oil seal seat and on the slots for the entrainment spring.
213
Heat the flywheel cover using the heat gun
N.B.
IF THE JOB IS PERFORMED WITH THE STATOR MOUNTED,
HEAT FROM THE EXTERNAL SIDE OF THE COVER.
Specific tooling
020151Y Air heater
020150Y Support for air heater
Properly support the cover and using the modular punch,
install the two bearings all the way down at the same time.
N.B.
WORK IN AN UPRIGHT POSITION
Utillaje específico
020376Y Handle for punches
020441y 26 x 28 mm adaptor
020629y 8 mm guide
Let the flywheel cover guard cool down and then manually
mount the static part of the ceramic seal with the relative
rubber seal.
N.B.
PAY ATTENTION TO MOUNTING THE CERAMIC RING CORRECTLY. THE CHAMFER ON THE INTERNAL DIAMETER
MUST BE TURNED AWAY FROM THE SIDE OF THE BEARINGS.
Mount the moving part of the ceramic seal on the shaft with
the impeller. The rubber part must rest against the impeller.
214
Position the flywheel cover on the press using the support
base for the bearings that is part of the special tool. Install
the special punch with the impeller’s template on the press
piston.
Specific tooling
020628Y Water pump overhaul kit - quasar 250
Manually insert the pump shaft in the relative bearings.
While keeping the bearings in contact with the support base,
line up the shaft with the press piston and proceed with the
driving. The driving depth is determined by the beat of the
punch when it is in contact with the flywheel cover.
N.B.
SO AS TO NOT DAMAGE THE FLYWHEEL COVER DURING
THE DRIVING OPERATION, SLIGHTLY TURN IT BY HAND IN
ORDER TO BETTER PERCEIVE THE MOMENT OF CONTACT
WITH THE PUNCH.
Specific tooling
020628Y Water pump overhaul kit - quasar 250
215
Remove the special punch from the press piston and support
the flywheel cover from the impeller side with it.
Put the new oil seal on the special punch while being careful
to position the seal lip starting from the side of the handle.
Install the oil seal on the flywheel cover all the way to the
depth determined by the punch.
Specific tooling
020628Y Water pump overhaul kit - quasar 250
Fit the punch with the template of the entrainment joint to
the press punch.
Position the entrainment joint on the shaft and using the
press, drive it to the depth determined by the punch.
Specific tooling
020628Y Water pump overhaul kit - quasar 250
216
Lubricate the oil seal with motor oil.
217
ELECTRICAL
C C
SYSTEM
S
S
G
GP1 125-250
5 50
O - Orange
GR - Green
B - Black
BR - Brown
W - White
G - Gray
Y - Yellow
BL - Blue
R - Red
P - Pink
VI - Violet
SBL- Sky blue
1
1A
1B
2
2A
2B
2C
2D
2E
3
4
5
6
7
8
8A
8B
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
218
Headlamp assembly
Right headlight 12V 55W/H11
Left high beam headlight 12V 55W/H11
Speedometer
Led water temperature indicator
Led oil indicator
Led fuel indicator
Led high beam indicator
Led turn signal indicator
Ignition switch
Front right turn signal light 12V 10W (Orange)
Front left turn signal light 12V 10W (Orange)
Rear right turn signal light 12V 10W (Orange)
Rear rleft turn signal light 12V 10W (Orange)
Headlight pilot
Pilot light 12V 2,3W
Stop light 12V 16W
Engine stop A-E switch
Lights-turn indicat.-horn and high beam switch
Stoplight switch
Battery 12V 12Ah
Fuel sensor
Horn
Diode box
Starter relay 12V 80Amp
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
Starter motor
Temperature thermoresistenace
Electric choke
Electronic magneto
Pick-up
Oil lever sensor
Unit drive (Hall effect)
Regulator 12V AC-DC
Electronic converter A.T.
Spark plug anti-radio interference
Spark plug
Electronic ignition device - CDI
Mobil phone connector
Fuse 15 Amp
Position bulb 12V 2,3W
Licence plate light 12V 5W
Ventilator
Thermocontact ventilator
Alarm (optional)
CHECKING CONNECTORS
Check for corrosion, damp etc. in the connectors.
1. Disconnect:
- Connectors
2. Dry each of the terminals with compressed air.
3. Connect and disconnect two or three times.
4. Pull the conductor to check if it is loose.
5. If the terminal comes loose, bend the pin (1) and refit
the terminal in the connector.
6. Connect:
- Connector
N.B.
THE TWO PARTS OF THE CONNECTOR MAKE A SOUND
WHEN THEY FIT TOGETHER.
7. Check the circuit with a Multimeter.
N.B.
- IF THERE IS NO CIRCUIT, CLEAN THE TERMINALS.
- FOLLOW THE STEPS FROM (1) TO (7) ABOVE ON INSPECTING THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.
- AS A PROVISIONAL SOLUTION, USE A CONTACT CLEANER.
- USE THE MULTIMETER IN ACCORDANCE WITH THAT INDICATED IN THE FIGURE.
219
INSPECTION STEPS
Using a multimeter, check the circuit between the terminals
to make sure that they are correctly connected. Replace the
component if any of the combinations gives an incorrect reading.
N.B.
- SWITCH THE “ON” AND “OFF” SWITCH ON AND OFF
SEVERAL TIMES.
- ADJUST THE METER SELECTOR TO THE “X1” POSITION.
- ADJUST THE GAUGE TO “ZERO”.
DIGITAL
INSTRUMENTS UNIT
NÚMERO
CONEXIÓN
POLARIDAD
1
(+)
Battery
2
(+)
Contact
3
(+)
GND
4
(+)
Hall Effect (without intensity)
5
(+)
Turn indicator.
6
(-)
Oil indicator.
DESCRIPCIÓN
Check: Battery voltage, at the terminals with a digital
7
8
No connection.
(-)
9
220
Temperature indicator.
Hall pulses.
10
(-)
Fuel reserve indicator.
11
(-)
Centre stand indicator.
12
(+)
Main beam indicator.
IGNITION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
221
Voltage regulator.
Battery
15A fuse
CDIU
Digital instruments unit
Fan
Fan thermostat switch
Hall sensor
Oil pressure sensor
Petrol reserve sensor
Temperature thermo-resistance
Engine stop
switch
LIGHTS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
222
AND AUTOMATIC CHOKE
Alternator
Voltage regulator
Automatic choke
Rear light
Digital instruments unit
Front sidelight bulbs
Dipped headlight bulbs
Main beam headlight bulbs
Pick-Up
Ignition key switch
Light switch
15A fuse
Battery
CDIU
RECHARGING
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
223
THE BATTERY AND STARTING
Alternator
Voltage regulator
15A fuse
Battery
Starter relay
Starter motor
Starter switch
STOP button
Engine stop
Switch
CDIU
SENSORS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
224
AND INDICATORS
Voltage regulator
Battery
15A fuse
CDIU
Digital instruments unit
Fan
Fan thermostat switch
Hall sensor
Oil pressure sensor
Petrol reserve sensor
Temperature thermo-resistance
Engine stop
Switch
TURN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
225
INDICATORS AND HORN
CDIU
Battery
15A fuse
Switch
Digital instruments unit
Horn
Horn button
Turn indicator bulbs
Turn indicator button
Diode box
Engine stop
Switch
IGNITION
CIRCUIT
Ignition system
Once the ¡mmobilizer system has been enabled, it is possible
to have the spark at the spark plug by the H.V. coil and the
signáis coming from the Pick-Up.
The basic power supply comes from the battery, the system is
calibrated in such a way that any drops of voltage of the battery are perceived by the start up system but are unimportant
for the start up system.
The Pick-Up is connected to the control unit by a single wire,
thus for the earth circuit the Pick-Up is connected to the control unit by the chassis and the engine earth cable.
To prevent troubles to the start up system during start up,
it is very important to have a good efficiency ofthe enginechassis earth connection.
SPARK
PLUG
Finding the lack of current to the signaling candle with led
ignition possible to proceed like of continuation:
-Control Pick-Up.
Disconnect the connector from the central unit and check
that there is a circuit between terminal A (white/green) and
terminal B (yellow/green). The pick-up check is carried out
on the pick-up and its power feed line:
Electric characteristic
Resistance value pick-up
105 ÷ 124 ohm
If the circuit is interrupted, repeat the check between the
flywheel connector and the and the engine earth (see engine manual). If the measured values are not as specified,
replace the pick-up, otherwise repair the wiring.
If, on the other hand, the values are as specified, try replacing the control unit (without programming it) and ensure
that the problem has been solved by checking that a spark is
produced at the plug.
Then proceed to program the control unit.
- Checking the HV coil primary circuit
Disconnect the connector from the central unit and check
that there is a circuit between terminal A (green/black) and
terminal B (yellow/green).
If the resistance is not as specified, repeat the check directly on
the positive and negative terminals of the HV coil primary circuit. If the resistance is as specified, proceed to repair the wiring
or restore the connections, otherwise replace the HV coil.
Electric characteristic
Resistance value H.V. coil primary check
0,4 ÷ 0,5 ohm
226
- H.T. coil secondary circuit check
Disconnect the spark plug cap from the H.T. cable and measure the resistance between the end of the H.T. cable and the
negative terminal of the H.T. coil (see figure).
If the measured values are not as specified, replace the H.T.
coil. To obtain a more accurate diagnosis proceed to verify
the peak voltage using the multimeter adapter.
Electric characteristic
Resistance value
H.T. coil secondary circuit resistance value:
~ 2000 ± 300 ohm
Pick-up
- Disconnect the connector from the central unit and check
that there is a circuit between terminal A (white/green) and
terminal B (yellow/green).
- Set the multimeter onto 200V.
- Crank the engine by operating the starter motor and measure the voltage produced by the pick-up.
- If the voltage is not as specified, replace the pick-up.
N.B.
THE MULTIMETER MUST BE SET TO MEASURE DIRECT VOLTAGE.
Specific tooling
020409Y Multimeter adapter (Peak voltage measurement)
Electric characteristic
Valore tensione
> 5 Volt
With control unit and H.V. coil normally connected, measure
the voltage of the coil primary during the start up test by the
adapter for peak voltages inserting the positive terminal to
earth and the negative to the positive connector of the coil.
In case of non-conforming values, replace the control unit.
N.B.
THE PLASTIC CAP OF THE POSITIVE TERMINAL OF THE PRIMARY OF THE H.V. COIL IS IDENTIFIED BY THE BLACK COLOUR, THE NEGATIVE ONE IS IDENTIFIED BY THE GREEN
COLOUR.
Electric characteristic
Voltage value H.V. coil
> 100 Volt
227
STATOR
CHECK
Disconnect the connector from the voltage regulator and
check the presence of continuity between each yellow wire
with the other two.
Electric characteristic
Stator check 1
Ohm value: 0,7 ÷ 0,9 Ohm
Also check that each yellow wire is insulated from earth.
If non-conforming values are detected, repeat the checks directly on the stator; in case of further wrong values, replace
the stator or fix the wiring.
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR CHECK
With battery fully charged and lights off, measure the voltage at the battery poles with engine at high speed.
Voltage should not exceed 15.2 Volt.
In case of higher voltage, replace the regulator.
If voltage is less than 14 Volt, check the stator and its
wiring.
228
RECHARGE
SYSTEM VOLTAGE CHECK
The battery recharge system consists of a threephase generator and a permanent-magnet flywheel.
The generator is directly connected to the voltage regulator.
The latter is in turn directly connected to earth and to the
battery positive terminal via the 15A protection fuse (no. 7).
The system is therefore not connected to the ignition keyswitch.
The three-phase generator allows for considerable recharging power and, at low rpm, offers a good compromise between supplied power and idle speed stability. For this reason, it is essential that the slow running speed is adjusted as
specified.
Connect an ammeter’s induction clamp to the positive terminal of the voltage regulator, measure the battery voltage
and, by switching the headlight on, wait until the voltage
settles at approx. 12 Volts. Start the engine and measure the
current supplied by the circuit with headlight on and engine
at high rpm.
If the current is below 10A, repeat the test using, alternately,
a new regulator and/or stator.
CHOKE INSPECTION
For information on how to carry out the functional and resistive check of the component, refer the engine section of
this manual. Regarding the automatic choke device power
supply, keep the system connector attached and check that
battery voltage is present between the two terminals, with
engine running (see figure).
If there is no voltage, connect the multimeters negative terminal ti earth and the positive terminal to the with the ignition
switch turned onto the ON position, check for the presence
of battery voltage. If no voltage is detected, check the wiring
connected with the ignition switch and the two fuse 15A.
If voltage is present, repeat the check from the ignition control unit connector.
229
FUSES
The electrical system is protected by a fuse located on the
r.h.s. of the battery bay. To replace it, lift the seat, remove
the battery access door and then the transparent fuse cover.
Ignition system, headlight, and taillight are not protected by
the fuses.
CAUTION
BEFORE REPLACING THE BLOWN FUSE, TRY TO ELIMINATE
THE FAULT THAT HAS CAUSED IT TO BLOW.
NEVER TRY TO REPLACE A FUSE USING DIFFERENT MATERIAL (FOR EXAMPLE A PIECE OF ELECTRIC WIRE) OR A FUSE
WITH HIGHER AMPERAGE.
N°
PdC (A)
1
2
3
DISMANTLING
COLOUR BORN
DESCRIPTION
15
Red - Red
General
15
Red/black - Brown
Lighting
15
Red - Red/blue
Battery charge
THE BATTERY
WARNING
ENSURE THAT YOU DISCONNECT THE CABLE FROM THE
NEGATIVE TERMINAL FIRST.
FILLING WITH ELECTROLYTE
WARNING
DO NOT REMOVE THE ALUMINIUM SEALING STRIP THAT
SEALS THE FILLING HOLES UNTIL JUST BEFORE USING IT.
THE ELECTROLYTE CONTAINER SUPPLIED WITH THE BATTERY MUST BE USED.
- Place the battery on a level surface.
- Remove the closing strip (A).
- Remove the electrolyte container from the bag.
- Detach the plug strip (A) from the container.
NOTA
- DO NOT THROW AWAY THE PLUG STRIP AS IT WILL BE
SUBSEQUENTLY USED AS BATTERY PLUGS.
- DO NOT DETACH OR PERFORATE THE HERMETIC CLOSING SURFACES (B).
230
- Upturn the electrolyte container with the six closing surfaces aligned with the six battery filling holes.
- Push the container down with enough force to break the
seals. The electrolyte should then begin to flow into the battery.
N.B.
- DO NOT TILT THE CONTAINER, AS THIS MAY INTERRUPT
THE FLOW OF THE ELECTROLYTE.
- MAKE SURE THAT AIR BUBBLES (A) EMERGE FROM THE SIX
FILLING HOLES.
- LEAVE THE CONTAINER IN THIS POSITION FOR 30 MINUTES OR MORE.
N.B.
- IF BUBBLES DO NOT EMERGE FROM THE FILLING HOLES,
TAP THE BOTTOM OF THE BOTTLE (A) LIGHTLY TWO OR
THREE TIMES. NEVER REMOVE THE CONTAINER FROM THE
BATTERY.
WARNING
REFILL THE BATTERY WITH ELECTROLYTE UNTIL THE CONTAINER HAS COMPLETELY EMPTIED.
- Make sure all the electrolyte has emptied out.
- Tap the bottom lightly as indicated above if any electrolyte
has remained in the container.
- Now withdraw the container gently from the battery.
- Leave the battery standing for 30 minutes. During this period the electrolyte penetrates into the special separators
and the gas generated by the chemical reaction is given off.
- Push the plug strip (A) firmly into place in the filling holes
until the strip lies flush with the top of the battery.
N.B.
- DO NOT HIT WITH A HAMMER. PRESS DOWN EVENLY
WITH BOTH HANDS.
WARNING
ONCE THE PLUG STRIP HAS BEEN FITTED FOLLOWING THE
BATTERY FILLING, NEVER REMOVE IT OR ADD WATER TO
THE ELECTROLYTE.
231
BATTERY-INITIAL
CHARGE
C
G
Accepting that a battery requiring no maintenance can be
used only once it has been filled with electrolyte, the battery
may be incapable of starting the engine in the cases indicated in the following table, where it is necessary firstly to give
it an initial charge. However, if a battery shows a voltage at
the terminals of over 12.5v 10 minutes after filling (Note 1),
the initial charge is not necessary.
CAPACITY
STATE THAT REQUIRES AN INITIAL CHARGE
At low temperatures (below 0ºC)
CHARGING METHOD
0,4A x 2-3 hours
The battery has been stored at high temperature and humidity
The closing strip has been removed or is broken – peeled, torn or punctured
2 or more years have transpired since the battery was manufactured
NOTE 1: Terminal voltage – To measure the battery terminal voltage, use a digital voltmeter.
WARNING
1). DOES NOT REQUIRE REFILLING.
WHEN USED IN A NORMAL WAY, THIS BATTERY DOES NOT
REQUIRE REFILLING UNTIL THE END OF ITS LIFE. LEVERING
OFF THE CLOSING STRIP TO ADD WATER IS VERY DANGEROUS. NEVER DO THIS.
WARNING
THIS BATTERY IS DESIGNED IN SUCH A WAY THAT IT
SHOULD NOT SUFFER EXCESSIVE DETERIORATION IF RECHARGED ACORDING TO THE METHOD SPECIFIED ABOVE. TAKE CARE HOWEVER, SINCE THE BATTERY’S PERFORMANCE MAY BE NOTABLY REDUCED IF CHARGED IN
CONDITIONS OTHER THAN THE ABOVE.
NEVER REMOVE THE CLOSING STRIP DURING RECHARGING.
2). WHEN THE MOTORCYCLE IS NOT TO BE USED FOR A PERIOD
OF MONTHS:
RECHARGE IT BEFORE STORING THE MOTORCYCLE, AND STORE
IT WITH THE NEGATIVE CABLE DISCONNECTED. RECHARGE IT
ON A MONTHLY BASIS DURING THE STORAGE PERIOD.
3). BATTERY LIFE:
IF THE BATTERY FAILS TO START THE ENGINE EVEN AFTER
VARIOUS RECHARGES, THIS MEANS THAT THE BATTERY
HAS REACHED THE END OF ITS LIFE. REPLACE IT WITH A
NEW ONE. (ALWAYS ASSUMING HOWEVER THAT THERE
ARE NO PROBLEMS IN THE MACHINE’S STARTER SYSTEM)
232
0,4A x 15-20 hours
TAKE CARE
KEEP THE BATTERY AWAY FROM SPARKS OR NAKED FLAMES DURING THE CHARGING PROCESS, SINCE THE BATTERY GIVES OFF AN EXPLOSIVE MIXTURE OF HYDROGEN
AND OXYGEN GASES. WHEN USING A BATTERY CHARGER,
CONNECT THE CHARGER TO THE BATTERY BEFORE PLUGGING IT IN. THIS PROCEDURE PREVENTS SPARKS FROM
BEING PRODUCED AT THE BATTERY TERMINALS THAT MAY
IGNITE THE GASES COMING FROM THE BATTERY.
NEVER LIGHT A FIRE NEAR THE BATTERY. THE TERMINALS
MUST NOT BE LOOSE.
THE ELECTROLYTE CONTAINS SULPHURIC ACID. TAKE
GREAT CARE THAT THIS DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THE SKIN OR EYES.
IF IT DOES COME INTO CONTACT WITH THESE, WASH
THE AFFECTED AREA IMMEDIATELY WITH AN ABUNDANT
AMOUNT OF WATER. IF THE CONDITION IS SERIOUS, GET
MEDICAL ATTENTION.
INTERCHANGEABILITY
A BATTERY THAT DOES NOT REQUIRE MAINTENANCE CAN
ONLY GIVE ITS BEST PERFORMANCE IN COMBINATION
WITH THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM OF THE CORRECT MACHINE. THEREFORE ONLY FIT A MAINTENANCE-FREE BATTERY
ON A MOTORCYCLE THAT WAS ORIGINALLY FITTED WITH
A MAINTENANCE-FREE BATTERY.
TAKE CARE, SINCE FITTING A MAINTENANCE-FREE BATTERY ON A MOTORCYCLE WITH A NORMAL BATTERY AS
ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT WILL RESULT IN THE LIFE OF THE
MAINTENANCE-FREE BATTERY BEING SHORTENED.
INSPECTING
THE CHARGING CONDITIONS
Battery charging conditions can be checked by measuring
the voltage at the battery terminals.
- Remove the seats (see Chassis chapter).
- Disconnect the cables from the battery.
WARNING
ENSURE THAT YOU DISCONNECT THE CABLE FROM THE
NEGATIVE TERMINAL FIRST.
ENSURE THAT YOU DISCONNECT THE CABLE FROM THE
NEGATIVE TERMINAL FIRST.
233
N.B.
CARRY OUT THE MEASUREMENT WITH A DIGITAL VOLTMETER (A) THAT CAN READ VOLTAGES WITH DECIMAL FIGURES.
Battery terminal voltage
Standard: 12.5v or higher
- Measure the voltage at the battery terminals.
RECHARGING
- Disconnect the cables from the battery terminals (see inspecting the charging conditions).
- Remove the battery (A).
- Carry out the recharging by following the method, and according to the voltage at the battery terminals.
WARNING
THIS BATTERY IS THE HERMETIC (AIRTIGHT) TYPE. NEVER REMOVE THE CLOSING PLUGS (B), NOT EVEN WHEN
CHARGING. NEVER ADD WATER.
CARRY OUT THE CHARGING WITH THE CURRENT AND FOR
THE PERIOD INDICATED BELOW.
Battery terminal voltage: 11.5 – Less than 12.5V
Standard charge:
0.4A x 5 - 10h (see the graph on the following page)
234
(V)
TENSIÓN EN TERMINAL
* IF THE READING IS BELOW THAT SPECIFIED, THE BATTERY
NEEDS TO BE RECHARGED.
SE REQUIERE
RECARGA
NOTA
BUENA
235
ENGINE
POOR
PERFORMANCE
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Dirty-carburettor; feeding pump or vacuum
cock failure
Remove, wash with solvent, dry with compressed
air or replace.
Excessive scaling in the explosion chamber
Remove the scale from cylinder, piston, head and
valves.
Wrong timing or worn timing components
Restore the timing or replace worn parts.
Clogged silencer
Replace.
Air filter clogged or dirty
Remove the sponge, wash with water and shampoo, then
impregnate it in a 50% mixture of fuel and specific oil,
then press it without squeezing, let it drip and replace it.
Automatic starter failure
Check: mechanical sliding, electric connection and
presence of power supply, replace if required.
Engine oil level exceeding the maximum
Check the causes and restore the correct level.
Low compression: wear of linings,
cylinder and valve
Replace worn parts.
Worn driving belt
Replace.
Inefficient automatic transmission
Check the pulley sliding and rollers, replace faulty
components, lubricate the mobile driven pulley guide
with grease specific.
Clutch slipping
Check and replace the clutch unit and/or the bell, if
required.
Overheated valves
Remove the head and the valves, grind or replace the
valves.
Incorrect valve adjustment
Adjust the valve clearance.
Valve seat deformed
Replace the head unit.
Dirty air filter
Remove the sponge, wash with water and shampoo,
then impregnate it in a 50% mixture of fuel and specific oil, then press it without squeezing, let it drip
and replace it.
Defective float valve
Check the proper sliding of the float and the valve efficiency.
236
REAR
WHEEL TURNING WITH IDLE ENGINE
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Idle rpm too high
Clutch failure
STARTING
WORK
Adjust the engine idle speed and the CO%, if required.
Check clutch springs / masses
DIFFICULTIES
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Altered fuel characteristics
Drain altered fuel and refuel.
Start up speed too low or starter system and
motor failure
Check the starter motor, the system and the torque
limiter.
Incorrect valve seal or wrong valve
adjustment
Inspect the head and/or set the correct clearance.
Flooded engine
Start up keeping the gas fully open. If the engine won’t
start, remove the spark plug, dry it and before replacing it, start the engine to eject the excess of fuel, keeping the cap connected to the spark plug and the latter
to earth. If fuel has finished; refuel and start up.
Automatic starter failure
Check: mechanical sliding, electric connection and
presence of power supply, replace if required.
Air filter clogged or dirty
Remove the sponge, wash with water and shampoo,
then impregnate it in a 50% mixture of fuel and specific oil, then press it without squeezing, let it drip and
replace it.
Faulty spark plug or incorrect ignition
advance
Replace the spark plug or check the ign’ition circuit
components
Dirty carburettor; feeding pump or vacuum
cock failure
Remove, wash with solvent, dry with compressed
air or replace
Flat battery
Check the battery charge level, in case of traces of sulphation, replace and start the new battery as instructed in section 4-13
Cracked intake union or strips not tightened
properly
Replace the intake union and check the strip tightening
237
STARTING
DIFFICULTIES
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Defective float valve
Check the proper sliding of the float and the valve
efficiency
Carburettor nozzles clogged
Remove, wash with solvent, dry with compressed air
EXCESSIVE
OIL CONSUMPTION
/
SMOKE UPON EXHAUST
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Worn valve guides
Check and replace the head unit if required
Worn valve oil guard
Replace the valve oil guard
Oil leaks from the couplings or from the
gaskets
Check and replace the gaskets or restore the coupling
seal
Worn or broken piston rings, or mounted
ncorrectly
Replace the piston rings or the cylinder unit
INSUFFICIENT
LUBRICATION PRESSURE
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
By-Pass remains open.
Check the By-Pass and replace if required. Carefully
clean the By-Pass area
Oil pump with excessive clearance
Perform the dimensional checks on the oil pump
components
Oil filter too dirty
Replace the cartridge filter
Oil level too low
Restore the level using the recommended oil type
238
ENGINE TENDS TO CUT-OFF AT FULL THROTTLE
THE ENGINE TENDS TO STOP AT MAX GAS OPENING
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Defective feeding circuit
Check the feeding pump, the vacuum inlet, and the
duct seal, replace if required.
Incorrect float level
Restore the level in the basin by bending The fuel inlet
pin thrusting reed on the float so as to have the float
parallel to the basin plane with upturned carburettor.
Water in the carburettor
Empty the basin by the special drain.
Maximum jet dirty - lean carburetion
Wash with solvent and dry with compressed air.
ENGINE TENDS TO CUT-OFF AT IDLE
THE ENGINE TENDS TO STOP AT IDLE
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Wrong timing
Adjust the timing and check the timing components.
Cut-off device failure
Check the efficiency of the valve, membrane, spring,
and the cleaning of the sponge filter.
Idle adjustment is incorrect
Adjust with the rpm counter.
Compression end pressure too low
Check the seals of the thermal unit and replace worn
components.
Faulty spark plug or incorrect ignition advance.
Replace the spark plug or check the ignition circuit
components
Starter remains pressed
Check: electric connections, circuit continuity, mechanical sliding, and presence of power; replace, if required
Idle nozzle dirty
Wash with solvent and dry with compressed air
239
HIGH FUEL CONSUMPTION
HIGH CONSUMPTION
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Float level
Restore the level in the basin by bending the fuel inlet
pin thrusting reed on the float so as to have the float
parallel to the basin plane with upturned carburettor.
Slackened nozzles
Check the maximum and minimum nozzle locking into
their seat
Fuel pump failure
Check that there is no fuel in the vacuum duct.
Inefficient starter
Check: electric connections, circuit continuity, mechanical sliding, and presence of power
Air filter clogged or dirty
Remove the sponge, wash with water and shampoo,
then impregnate it in a 50% mixture of fuel and specific oil, the’n press it without squeezing, let it drip arrd
replace it.
EXCESSIVE EXHAUST NOISE
EXCESSIVE NOISE WITH EXHAUST
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Cut-off valve of the secondary air device
does not work
Replace the secondary air device
Pressure inlet pipe from the secondary air
device disconnected or cracked
Replace the pipe
Reed valve of the secondary air device does
not close properly and deteriorates the rubber coupling between the device and the
head pipe.
Replace the device and coupling
240
SAS MALFUNCTIONS
SECONDARY AIR DEVICE ANOMALIES
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Cutoff valve of the secondary air device not
working
Replace the secondary air device
Vacuum inlet pipe from the secondary air
device disconnected or cracked
Replace the pipe
Reed valve of the secondary air device does
not close properly and deteriorates the rubber sleeve between device and head pipe.
Replace device and sleeve.
TRANSMISSION AND BRAKES
CLUTCH GRABBING OR PERFORMING INADEQUATELY
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Faulty clutch
WORK
Check that the masses are free from grease. Check
that the contact surface of the clutch masses with the
bell is mainly in the centre and with the same features
on the three masses.
Check that the clutch bell exhibits no abnormal wear
or scratches.
INSUFFICIENT BRAKING
BRAKING SYSTEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Fluid leaks from the hydraulic braking system
Check the pad wear (1.5 mm MrN).
Make sure the brake disc is not worn, scratched or deformed.
Make sure the fluid level in the pump is correct and
change the brake fluid if necessary.
Make sure there is no air in the circuit and bleed if
necessary.
Make sure the front brake caliper moves in line with
the disc.
Coolant leaking from the hydraulic brake
circuit
Flexible connections, piston or brake pump gaskets
faulty. Replace
241
BRAKES OVERHEATING
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WORK
Rubber gaskets expanded or sealed
Replace the gaskets.
Pump compensation holes clogged
Clean carefully and blow with compressed air.
Brake disc slackened or deformed
Check the tightening of the brake disc screws; measure
the disc axial deviation using a comparator and keeping
the wheel mounted on the vehicle.
Defective piston sliding
Check the caliper and replace any damaged parts.
BRAKING VIBRATIONS OR NOISE
VIBRATIONS OR REFRAINED NOISINESS
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Brake disc slackened or deformed
WORK
Check the tightening of the brake disc screws; measure
the disc axial deviation using a comparator and keeping
the wheel mounted on the vehicle.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
BATTERY
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Battery
242
WORK
This is the system device that requires the most assiduous surveillance and the most diligent maintenance.
If the vehicle is not used for a certain period (1 month and more), the battery needs periodical recharging.
The battery tends to go completely flat within around
3 months. When reinstalling the battery on the motor
cycle, be careful not to invert connections, considering
that the black earth wire must be connected to the negative terminal, whereas the other red wire must be
connected to the terminal marked with + sign.
TURN SIGNAL LIGHTS MALFUNCTION
FLASHING LIGHTS NOT WORKING
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Electronic ignition device failure.
WORK
With the key switch set to «ON» connect the jumpers 1
(Blue-Black) and 5 (Red/Blue) on the control unit connector. If lights do not turn on and remain solid when
the flashing light control is actuated, replace the control unit, otherwise check the wiring and the switch.
STEERING AND SUSPENSIONS
HEAVY STEERING
HARDENING STEERING
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Excessive steering wheel clearance
WORK
Check the tightening of the top and bottom ring nut.
If the anomaly continues during the steering wheel
rotation even after the adjustment, check the bearing
ball rolling seats. If they are recessed or if the balls are
squashed, replace.
EXCESSIVE STEERING PLAY
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Steering wheel difficult to operate
243
WORK
Check the tightening of the top and bottom ring nut.
If the anomaly continues during the steering wheel
rotation even after the adjustment, check the bearing
ball rolling seats. If they are recessed or if the balls are
squashed, replace.
NOISY SUSPENSION
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Noisy suspension
WORK
If the front suspension is noisy, check: the front shock
absorber efficacy, the condition of the ball bearings
and the relevant locking nuts; the travel end rubber
pads and the sliding bushes. Finally, check the tightening torques of the wheel hub, brake caliper, disc and
shock absorber in the connection to the hub and to the
steering tube.
SUSPENSION OIL LEAKAGE
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Suspension oil leaking
244
WORK
Replace the shock absorber. Check the wear of the
steering wheel caps and the adjustments.
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