ESAB Powercut 875 Instruction manual

Powercut 875
Plasma Arc Cutting Package
Instruction Manual
This manual provides installation and operation instructions for the following Powercut 875 cutting packages
starting with Serial No. (PxxJ434xxx).
P/N 0558004942 - 230 V, CE 7.6m (25') Package
P/N 0558004940 - 400 V, CE 7.6m (25') Package
P/N 0558005167 - 230 V, CE 15.2m (50') Package
P/N 0558005168 - 400 V, CE 15.2m (50') Package
0558004972
09 / 2004
Be sure this information reaches the operator.
You can get extra copies through your supplier.
USER RESPONSIBILITY
This equipment will perform in conformity with the description thereof contained in this manual and accompanying labels and/or inserts when installed, operated, maintained and repaired in accordance with the instructions
provided. This equipment must be checked periodically. Malfunctioning or poorly maintained equipment should
not be used. Parts that are broken, missing, worn, distorted or contaminated should be replaced immediately.
Should such repair or replacement become necessary, the manufacturer recommends that a telephone or written
request for service advice be made to the Authorized Distributor from whom it was purchased.
This equipment or any of its parts should not be altered without the prior written approval of the manufacturer.
The user of this equipment shall have the sole responsibility for any malfunction which results from improper use,
faulty maintenance, damage, improper repair or alteration by anyone other than the manufacturer or a service
facility designated by the manufacturer.
CAUTION
These INSTRUCTIONS are for experienced operators. If you are not fully familiar with the principles
of operation and safe practices for arc welding and cutting equipment, we urge you to read our
booklet, "Precautions and Safe Practices for Arc Welding, Cutting, and Gouging," Form 52-529. Do
NOT permit untrained persons to install, operate, or maintain this equipment. Do NOT attempt to
install or operate this equipment until you have read and fully understand these instructions. If
you do not fully understand these instructions, contact your supplier for further information. Be
sure to read the Safety Precautions before installing or operating this equipment.
66
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
PARAGRAPH
TITLE
PAGE
SECTION 1
SAFETY ...................................................................................................................................................... 69
SECTION 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
DESCRIPTION..........................................................................................................................................
General .......................................................................................................................................................
Scope ..........................................................................................................................................................
Packages Available .................................................................................................................................
Specifications ...........................................................................................................................................
Optional Accessories .............................................................................................................................
71
71
71
71
72
74
SECTION 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
INSTALLATION .......................................................................................................................................
General .......................................................................................................................................................
Equipment Required .............................................................................................................................
Location .....................................................................................................................................................
Inspection..................................................................................................................................................
Primary Electrical Input Connections ..............................................................................................
Secondary Output Connections .......................................................................................................
75
75
75
75
75
75
76
SECTION 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
OPERATION .............................................................................................................................................
Operation ..................................................................................................................................................
Powercut 875 Controls .........................................................................................................................
Cutting with the PT-32EH ....................................................................................................................
Common Cutting Problems ................................................................................................................
79
79
79
80
83
SECTION 5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................................................... 205
General ....................................................................................................................................................... 205
Inspection and Cleaning ...................................................................................................................... 205
PT-32EH Torch Consumable Parts ..................................................................................................... 205
IGBT Handling and Replacement ...................................................................................................... 207
SECTION 6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................................................................... 209
Troubleshooting ..................................................................................................................................... 209
Troubleshooting Guide ........................................................................................................................ 209
Reference Voltage Checks ................................................................................................................... 214
Sequence of Operation ........................................................................................................................ 215
SECTION 7
7.1
7.2
REPLACEMENT PARTS ........................................................................................................................ 217
General ....................................................................................................................................................... 217
Ordering ..................................................................................................................................................... 217
67
TABLE OF CONTENTS
68
SECTION 1
SAFETY
Full responsibility for safety of personnel working on or near system rests on user of ESAB Welding Equipment.
Wrong operation can lead to abnormal situation, injure operator and damage equipment.
All personnel working with welding equipment must be fully familiar with
- handling of equipment
- location of emergency stops
- functions of equipment
- applicable safety regulations
- cutting
Operator must make sure
- no one stays inside work area while machine starts
- no one is unprotected while arc is being struck
Work area must be
- free of machine parts, tools and other objects that can obstruct operator moving within area
- so arranged, that emergency stop buttons are easily accessible
- free from draughts
Personal safety equipment
- always use proper safety equipment such as goggles, non flammable clothing, protective gloves
- never wear loose clothing, belts, bracelets, rings etc., which may catch on equipment or cause burns
Miscellaneous
- only authorised personnel may operate electrical equipment
- check whether return cables are properly fitted and earthen
- requisite fire fighting equipment should be easily available in specially and clearly marked areas
- lubrication and maintenance of welding equipment must not be proceeded during operation.
69
SECTION 1
SAFETY
! WARNING !
ARC WELDING AND CUTTING CAN BE INJURIOUS TO YOURSELF AND OTHERS. TAKE
PRECAUTIONS WHEN WELDING OR CUTTING. ASK YOUR EMPLOYER FOR SAFETY PRACTICES
THAT SHOULD BE BASED ON MANUFACTURER’S HAZARD DATA.
ELECTRIC SHOCK - Can kill
- Install and earth welding equipment in accordance with obligatory standards.
- Do not touch live electrical parts or electrodes with bare skin, wet gloves or wet clothes.
- Insulate yourself from earth and workpiece.
- Ensure your work position is safe.
FUMES AND GASES - Can be dangerous to your health
- Keep your head away from fumes.
- Use ventilation and/or extraction to keep fumes and gases away from your breathing zone and surroundings.
ARC RAYS - Can injure eyes and burn skin
- Protect your eyes and skin. Use correct welding screens, filter lens and wear protective clothes.
- Protect bystanders with suitable screens or curtains.
FIRE HAZARD
- Sparks (spatter) can cause fire. Make therefore sure there are no inflammable materials nearby.
NOISE - Excessive noise can damage your hearing.
- Protect your ears. Use ear defenders or other hearing protection.
- Warn bystanders of the risk.
MALFUNCTION - Call expert assistance in event of malfunction.
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLING OR OPERATING UNIT
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS !
70
SECTION 2
DESCRIPTION
2.1
WARNING
Use only The ESAB PT-32EH Plasmarc
torch with this console. Use of torches
not designed for use with this console
could create an ELECTRIC SHOCK
HAZARD.
GENERAL
The Powercut is a compact, completely self-contained plasma cutting
system. As shipped, the system is fully assembled and ready to cut after
being connected to input power and a source of compressed air; 6.210.3bar (90-150 psi). The Powercut 875 package uses the heavy-duty
PT-32EH torch to deliver cutting power for severing materials up to
31.8mm (1-1/4") thick. Refer to the following paragraphs for descriptions of the Powercut 875 packages available as well as performance
specifications.
2.2
SCOPE
The purpose of this manual is to provide the operator with all the information required to install and operate the Powercut 875 plasma arc
cutting package. Technical reference material is also provided to assist
in troubleshooting the cutting package.
2.3
PACKAGES AVAILABLE
2.3.1 Manual Cutting Packages
Powercut 875 packages listed on the front cover and below, includes
the following components:
PT-32EH Torch, 75o head, 7.6m (25') ....................................0558003548
PT-32EH Torch, 75o head, 15.2m (50') .................................0558003549
PT-32EH 230V/400V Long Heat Shield (LHS)
Spare Parts Kit - CE Units Only .............................0558004949
Note:
Torches and torch body assemblies are supplied without
electrodes, nozzles, heat shields or valve pins. Order individual consumables shown in spare parts kit on Page 10.
Depending on the choice of input power, each package includes the
following appropriate Powercut 875 Console/Power Source:
230V, 50Hz, 3-phase CE ................................................... P/N 0558004941
400V, 50Hz, 3-phase CE ................................................... P/N 0558004939
Powercut 875 Manual Cutting Packages:
230V, 50Hz, 3-phase CE, 7.6m (25') Package ........... P/N 0558004942
400V, 50Hz, 3-phase CE, 7.6m (25') Package ........... P/N 0558004940
230V, 50Hz, 3-phase CE, 15.2m (50') Package ......... P/N 0558005167
400V, 50Hz, 3-phase CE, 15.2m (50') Package ......... P/N 0558005168
71
SECTION 2
DESCRIPTION
2.4 SPECIFICATIONS
Table 2-1. Powercut 875 Specifications
Rated
Output
60% Duty Cycle*
60 A @ 120 V dc
100% Duty Cycle*
50 A @ 120 V dc
Output Current Range
20 to 60 Amperes
Open Circuit Voltage
Rated Primary Input
@
7.2 kW Max. Output Power
60 A @ 120 Vdc
275 V dc
230 Vac, 50/60 Hz, 3-ph
24 A/phase
400 Vac, 50/60 Hz,
3-phase
13 A/phase
Power Factor @ 60 Amperes Output
Efficiency @ 60 Amperes Output
Current Capacity
Air Requirements
Dimensions
74% (208/230 V, 1-phase)
90% (208/230 V, 3-phase)
92% (400 V & 460 V, 3-phase)
PT-32EH
PT-32EH
Length
Height
w/handles
Width
w/o opt. storage
w/ opt. torch storage
Weight of Powercut 875 System
Shipping Weight
90% Typical
90 A DCSP
360 cfh @ 75 psig
(150 l/min @ 5.2 bars)
“20.3”” (516 mm)
16.1"” (409 mm)
18.3"” (465 mm)
10.1"” (275 mm)
13.1"” (333 mm)”
87 lbs (39.5 kg)
102 lbs (46.4 kg)
*Duty cycle is based on a 10-minute period; therefore, a 60-percent duty cycle means the power source may operate
for 6 minutes with a cool down period of 4 minutes and a 100-percent duty cycle means the power source may operate continuously.
72
SECTION 2
DESCRIPTION
Table 2-2. PT-32EH Torch Specifications
Current Capacity (100% Duty)
Length of Service Lines
Weight
7.6m (25')
15.2m (50')
90 A DCSP
7.6m (25') or 15.2m (50')
3.031"
(77mm)
75°
5.2 lbs (2.4kg)
9.6 lbs (4.4kg)
Figure 2-1. PT-32EH Dimensions
1.16"
(27mm)
PT-32EH CUT SPEEDS -- Carbon Steel
3048mm (120")
Cut Speed
2540mm (100")
2032mm (80")
Speeds shown produce
excellent quality drop cuts
1524mm (60")
Maximum speeds are
approximately 20% higher.
1016mm (40")
508mm (20")
0
6.4mm
(0.25")
12.7mm
(0.50")
19.1mm
(0.75")
25.4mm
(1.00")
Material Thickness
PT-32EH CUTTING SPEEDS
AIR @ 5.2 bar (75PSI) and OUTPUT CURRENT 40AMPS
Thickness
mm (in.)
Cutting Speed
mm/min. (in./min.)
Carbon Steel
1.6mm (1/16")
3.2mm (1/8")
6.4mm (1/4")
9.5mm (3/8")
12.7mm (1/2")
5080mm (200")
2489mm (98")
914mm (36")
457mm (18")
279mm (11")
Stainless Steel
1.6mm (1/16")
3.2mm (1/8")
6.4mm (1/4")
9.5mm (3/8")
12.7mm (1/2")
3505mm (138")
1473mm (58")
457mm (18")
254mm (10")
152mm (6")
Aluminum
1.6mm (1/16")
3.2mm (1/8")
6.4mm (1/4")
9.5mm (3/8")
12.7mm (1/2")
5080mm (200")
2794mm (110")
1219mm (48")
432mm (17")
356mm (14")
Material
Figure 2-2. PT-32EH / Powercut 875 Cutting Performance
73
31.8mm
(1.25")
SECTION 2
DESCRIPTION
IMPORTANT!!!
Maintain Proper
Stand-Off Distance
4.8mm to 6.4mm
(3/16" to 1/4")
Power Output increases with Stand Off Distance!
Figure 2-3. Standoff vs. Power Output
2.5 OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
1. Torch Wrap / Spare Parts Kit Holder, P/N 0558003013
Units can be mounted to either side of machine using the two upper mounting
positions of the end cap handles.
2. Wheel Cart, P/N 0558003014
This 98.4mm (3-7/8") high cart has front and rear heavy duty swivel caster to
make it easier to roll the Powercut 875 around the job site.
Table 2-3. PT-32EH CE Spare Parts Kit, P/N 0558004949, Contents
Description
50-70 Amp Nozzle
40A Drag Nozzle
Electrode
Long Heat Shield
Valve Pin
Stand Off Guide
Wrench
74
Part Number
Quantity
0558002618
0558002908
0558001969
0558003110
0558001959
0558002393
0558000808 (19129)
4
1
3
2
1
1
1
SECTION 3
INSTALLATION
3.1
GENERAL
Proper installation is important for satisfactory and trouble-free operation of the Powercut 875 cutting package. It is suggested that each step
in this section be studied carefully and followed closely.
3.2
EQUIPMENT REQUIRED
A source of clean, dry air that supplies 170l/m at 5.2 bar (360 cfh at 75
psig) is required for the cutting operation. The air supply should not
exceed 10.3 bar (150 psig) - the maximum inlet pressure rating of the
air filter-regulator supplied with the package. A brass 45° 6.4mm (1/4")
NPT Female x 6.4mm (1/4") NPT male street elbow is recommended for
attaching the air hose to the regulator. This elbow will provide greater
clearance around the handle.
3.3
CAUTION
Installing or placing any type of filtering device
will restrict the volume of intake air, thereby subjecting the power source internal components
to overheating. The warranty is void if any type
of filter device is used.
Adequate ventilation is necessary to provide proper cooling of the
Powercut 875. The amount of dirt, dust, and excessive heat to which
the equipment is exposed, should be minimized. There should be at
least one foot of clearance between the Powercut 875 power source
and wall or any other obstruction to allow freedom of air movement
through the power source.
3.4
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! Precautionary
measures should be taken to provide maximum
protection against electrical shock. Be sure that
all power is off by opening the line (wall) disconnect switch and by unplugging the power cord
to the unit when connections are made inside
of the power source.
CAUTION
Be sure that the power source is properly configured for your input power supply. DO NOT
connect a power source configured for 230 V
to a 400 V input power supply. Damage to the
machine may occur.
LOCATION
INSPECTION
A.
Remove the shipping container and all packing material and
inspect for evidence of concealed damage which may not have
been apparent upon receipt of the Powercut 875. Notify the carrier of any defects or damage at once.
B.
Check container for any loose parts prior to disposing of shipping
materials.
C.
Check air louvers and any other openings to ensure that any
obstruction is removed.
3.5
PRIMARY ELECTRICAL INPUT
CONNECTIONS (FIGURE3-1)
The Powercut 875 consoles are equipped with a 3.0m (10'),
4-conductor input power cable for 3-phase connection. If single-phase
connection is desired, tape back the red wire on the input power
cable.
75
SECTION 3
WARNING
The chassis must be connected to an approved
electrical ground. Failure to do so may result in
electrical shock, severe burns or death.
INSTALLATION
A line (wall) disconnect switch with fuses or circuit breakers should
be provided at the main power panel (see Fig. 3-1 and Table 3-1 for
fuse sizes). The input power cable of the console may be connected
directly to the disconnect switch or you may purchase a proper plug
and receptacle from a local electrical supplier. If using plug/receptacle
combination, see Table 3-1 for recommended input conductors for
connecting receptacle to line disconnect switch.
Table 3-1. Recommended Sizes For
Input Conductors and Line Fuses
Input Requirements
Volts
230
400
WARNING
Before making any connections to the power
source output terminals, make sure that all
primary input power to the power source is
deenergized (off) at the main disconnect switch
and that the input power cable is unplugged.
3.6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Phase
Amps
3
3
24A/Ph.
13A/Ph.
Input & Gnd
Fuse
Conductor
Size
CU/AWG
Amps
6
10
50
25
SECONDARY (OUTPUT) CONNECTIONS
(REFER TO FIG. 3-1)
For operator safety, the torch connections are located on the output terminal board behind the lower portion of the front panel.
Remove access cover to output terminal compartment from lower
front panel of power source.
Thread the power cable, pilot arc cable and switch lead of the
PT-32EH through the open bushing of the cover. Connect power
cable to the torch fitting (left-hand threads); attach the pilot arc
cable connection to the Pilot Arc bulkhead adaptor; and plug in the
switch lead to the torch switch receptacle on the output terminal.
Make sure the power and pilot arc cable connections are wrenchtight. Make sure plug of switch lead is firmly inserted in place.
Reassemble the access cover to the power source.
Connect your air supply to the inlet connection of the filter-regulator.
Clamp the work cable to the workpiece. Be sure the workpiece
is connected to an approved earth ground with a properly sized
ground cable.
76
SECTION 3
INSTALLATION
Allow at least 10 ft. (3m)
between work and power source
WORK
SAFETY GROUND
ACCESS COVER FOR
TORCH CONNECTION
ACCESS FOR CNC INTERFACE CONNECTIONS.
(See Detail “A”)
PT-32EH
Use a Brass 45° 6.4mm (1/4") NPT
Female x 6.4mm (1/4") NPT male street
elbow for better clearance around the handle.
Prefiltered AIR SUPPLY
(Customer Supplied)
6.2 to 10.3 bar
(90 to 150 psig max)
CUSTOMER FUSED LINE DISCONNECT SWITCH (See Table 2.1 and
WARNING in regards to chassis
ground in Section 3.5.)
INPUT POWER CABLE
(See Table 3.1)
Figure 3-1. Powercut 875 Interconnection Diagram
77
SECTION 3
INSTALLATION
78
SECTION 4
OPERATION
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do NOT operate the unit with the cover removed.
• Do NOT apply power to the unit while holding
or carrying the unit.
• Do NOT touch any torch parts forward of the
torch handle (nozzle, heat shield, electrode,
etc.) with power switch on.
WARNING
4.1 OPERATION
4.2 Powercut 875 CONTROLS (FIGURE 4-1)
A.
Power Switch (located on rear panel). When placed in ON position, the white pilot light will glow indicating control circuit is
energized and the cooling fan will run.
B.
Output Current Control. Adjustable from 20 to 60 amperes.
C.
Air Test Switch / Air Regulator. When placed in Test position, air
filter-regulator can be adjusted to desired pressure 4.5 - 5.2 bar
(65-75 psig) before cutting operations. Allow air to flow for a few
minutes. This should remove any condensation that may have
accumulated during shutdown period. Be sure to place switch
in OPERATE position before starting cutting operations.
D.
Trigger Lock Switch. When placed in LOCK position, this permits
releasing torch switch button after cutting arc has been initiated.
To extinguish arc at end of cut, press and release torch switch button again or pull torch away from work. When placed in UNLOCK
position, torch switch must be held closed by the operator during
the entire cutting operation and then released at the end of cut.
E.
Fault Light. Will glow amber under the following conditions and
operations will come to a complete stop.
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin;
NOISE can damage hearing.
• Wear welding helmet with No. 6 or 7 lens
shade.
• Wear eye, ear, and body protection.
CAUTION
Position the Powercut 875 at least 10 feet (3
meters) from the cutting area. Sparks and hot
slag from the cutting operation can damage
the unit.
Flow Fault: The fault light will be on but will blink off for about
1/10th of a second every second. This indicates that the air flow
supply is low or has no back pressure.
Over Temperature: The fault light will be off but will blink on for
about 1/10th of a second every second. This indicates that the
duty cycle has been exceeded. Allow the power source to cool
down before returning to operate.
High/Low Line Voltage: The fault light will rapidly blink on and
off (five times per second). This indicates that the input voltage is
outside the “+ or -” 15% range of the input rating.
Over-Current: The fault light will be on continuously. This indicates that input current has been exceeded.
All fault signals will remain on for a minimum of 10 seconds.
If fault clears, all will reset automatically except for over-current. To clear over-current, the power must be shut off for 5
seconds and then turned back on.
F.
Air Pressure Gauge: Recommended air pressure should be set
to 4.8 bar (70 psi).
79
SECTION 4
OPERATION
POWER LIGHT
(WHITE)
REAR VIEW
FAULT LIGHT
(AMBER)
AIR
PRESSURE
GAUGE
AIR REGULATOR
CONTROL KNOB
FUSE (3A)
CURRENT
CONTROL
KNOB
TRIGGER LOCK
SWITCH
AIR TEST
SWITCH
POWER ON-OFF
(I-O) SWITCH
Figure 4-1. Powercut 875 Controls
4.3 CUTTING WITH THE PT-32EH
Use the following procedures to cut with the PT-32EH torch
(Figure 4-4).
A.
Hold the torch nozzle approximately 3.2mm to 4.8mm (1/8" to
3/16") above the work and tilted at about 15 - 30°. This reduces
the chance of spatter entering the nozzle. If the PT-32EH's standoff
tool (P/N 0558002393) is being used, the difference between the
electrode and workpiece is approximately 4.8mm (3/16").
B.
Depress the torch switch. Air should flow from the torch nozzle.
C.
Two seconds after depressing the torch switch, the pilot arc should
start. The main arc should immediately follow, allowing the cut
to begin. (If using the trigger LOCK mode, torch switch may be
released after establishing the cutting arc.)
D.
After starting the cut, the torch should be maintained at a 5-15°
forward angle (Figure 4-2). This angle is especially useful in helping to create a "drop" cut. When not using the standoff guide,
the nozzle should be held approximately 6.4mm (1/4 ") from the
work.
E.
When ending a cut, the torch switch should be released (press and
release if using trigger LOCK mode) and lifted off the workpiece just
before the end of the cut. This is to prevent the high frequency
from reigniting after cutting arc extinguishes and causing damage
to the nozzle (double arcing).
80
SECTION 4
OPERATION
CUT
DIRECTION
Figure 4-2. Recommended Torch Angle of 5° to 15°
F.
NOTE:
For rapid re-starts, such as grate or heavy mesh cutting, do not
release the torch switch. In the postflow mode, the arc can be restarted immediately by depressing the torch switch. This avoids
the 2-second preflow portion of the cutting cycle.
When replacing the nozzle, always inspect
the electrode for wear. If more than 1.6mm
(.06") of electrode Hafnium has eroded,
replace the electrode. If the electrode is
used beyond this recommended wear
limit, damage to the torch and power
source may occur. Nozzle life is also greatly
reduced when using the electrode below
the recommended limit. Refer to Figure
4-3.
Replace when eroded beyond
1.6mm (0.06") depth.
NEW
CAUTION
WORN
REPLACE ELECTRODE BEFORE PITTING BECOMES DEEPER THAN 1.6
MM (0.06")
Figure 4-3. Electrode Wear Limit
4.3.1. Drag Cutting with the PT-32EH / Powercut 875 System
If dragging cutting is desired, attach ESAB's standoff guide (P/N
0558002393). Then follow steps in Section 4.3. If drag cutting is desired
for thin material, under 9.5mm (3/8"), remove 70 amp nozzle from torch
head, insert ESAB's 40 amp nozzle (P/N 0558002908). Lower current
level to 40 amps or lower, (see Auto Drag Scale on front panel). Then
follow steps in Section 4.3. Also refer to PT-32EH Instruction Manual
0558003746.
81
SECTION 4
OPERATION
NOTICE
Drag cutting, even with lower current levels may significantly reduce
the life of torch consumables. Attempting to Drag Cut with higher
currents (70 amps) may cause immediate catastrophic consumable
damage.
ADJUST GUIDE BY TURNING
IN A CLOCKWISE DIRECTION
ONLY. THIS WILL PREVENT
ACCIDENTAL LOOSENING
OF SHIELD.
STEEL GUARD
STAND OFF GUIDE
P/N 0558002393
IF GUIDE IS TOO TIGHT ON
SHIELD, OPEN SLOT WITH
SCREWDRIVER.
GUIDE AGAINST
STRAIGHT EDGE
OR FREE-HAND
CUT
THIN GAUGE MATERIALS
CAN BE CUT WITH 1.6 mm (1/16")
TORCH-TO-WORK DISTANCE
ADJUST TO 4.8 mm (3/16") FOR
MATERIALS OVER 6.4mm (1/4") THICK
1.6mm (1/16") TO
6.4mm (1/4")
TORCH-TO-WORK
Figure 4-4. Installation and Operation of Steel Heat Shield Guards
82
IF TOO LOOSE, CLOSE
SLOT WITH VISE OR
LARGE PLIERS.
SECTION 4
OPERATION
2
1
WHEN THE ARC BREAKS
THROUGH THE WORK, BRING
THE TORCH TO AN UPRIGHT POSITION AND PROCEED TO CUT.
TO START A PIERCE, TILT THE TORCH TO
PREVENT MOLTEN MATERIAL FROM COMING BACK AGAINST AND DAMAGING
THE TORCH.
Figure 4-4. Piercing Technique using the PT-32EH
4.4
COMMON CUTTING PROBLEMS
Listed below are common cutting problems followed by the probable
cause of each. If problems are determined to be caused by the Powercut
875, refer to the maintenance section of this manual. If the problem is
not corrected after referring to the maintenance section, contact your
ESAB distributor.
A. Insufficient Penetration.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Current too low.
Cutting speed too fast.
Damaged cutting nozzle.
Improper air pressure.
Low air flow rate.
B. Main Arc Extinguishes.
1.
2.
Cutting speed too slow.
Worn electrode.
C. Dross Formation. (In some materials and thicknesses, it may be
impossible to get dross-free cuts.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Current too low.
Cutting speed too fast or too slow.
Improper air pressure.
Faulty nozzle or electrode.
Low air flow rate.
83
SECTION 4
OPERATION
D. Double Arcing. (Damaged Nozzle Orifice.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
E.
Uneven Arc.
1.
F.
Low air pressure.
Damaged cutting nozzle.
Loose cutting nozzle.
Heavy spatter accumulation on nozzle.
Damaged cutting nozzle or worn electrode.
Unstable Cutting Conditions.
1.
2.
3.
Incorrect cutting speed.
Loose cable or hose connections.
Electrode and/or cutting nozzle in poor condition.
G. Main Arc Does Not Strike.
1.
2.
3.
Worn electrode.
Loose connections.
Worn cable not attached.
H. Poor Consumable Life.
1.
2.
3.
Improper gas pressure.
Contaminated air supply.
Low air flow rate.
84