BMW R 1200 ST - Technical data

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Rider's Manual (US Model)
R 1200 ST
BMW Motorrad
Motorcycle/Retailer Data
Motorcycle data
Retailer Data
Model
Contact in Service
Vehicle identification number
Ms./Mr.
Color number
Phone number
First registration
Registration number
Retailer's address/phone number
(company stamp)
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We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from
BMW and welcome you to the
community of BMW riders.
Familiarize yourself with your
new motorcycle so that you
can ride it safely and confidently in all traffic situations.
Please read this Rider’s Manual carefully before starting to
use your new BMW motorcycle. It contains important information on how to operate the
controls and how to make the
best possible use of all your
BMW’s technical features.
In addition, it contains information on maintenance and
care to help you maintain your
motorcycle’s reliability and
safety, as well as its value.
If you have any questions concerning your motorcycle, your
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer will gladly provide
advice and assistance.
We hope you enjoy reading
this Rider’s Manual and wish
you many a pleasant, safe
journey on your
BMW motorcycle.
Best wishes,
BMW Motorrad
i
1
Introduction
Welcome to BMW
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i
Introduction
2
Contents
Use the index (b 149), to find
a certain topic quickly.
Welcome to BMW ........... 1
General information ......... 4
1 Overview ...................... 7
General view, left
side ................................. 9
General view, right
side ............................... 11
Underneath the seat ...... 13
Handlebar fitting, left ..... 14
Handlebar fitting, right ... 15
Instrument cluster ......... 16
Headlight ....................... 17
2 Status indicators ....... 19
Multifunction display ...... 20
Warning and indicator
lights ............................. 20
Warning indicators ........ 21
ABS warnings ............... 26
3 Operation ..................
Ignition switch and
steering lock .................
Electronic immobilizer ...
Hazard warning
flashers .........................
Tripmaster ....................
Clock ............................
Emergency ON/OFF
switch ...........................
Grip heatingOE ..............
Handlebar levers ..........
Adjusting handlebars ....
Lights ...........................
Turn indicators .............
Front and rear seats .....
Helmet holder ...............
Mirrors ..........................
Windshield ....................
Spring preload ..............
Shock absorbers ..........
Wheels .........................
31
32
33
34
35
37
37
38
39
40
40
42
43
46
46
47
47
48
49
4 Riding ........................
Safety instructions ........
Safety check .................
First time out .................
Before you start ............
Starting .........................
Riding ...........................
Running in ....................
Shifting gears ................
Placing motorcycle
on its side stand ...........
Removing motorcycle
from side stand .............
Place motorcycle on
center standOE/OA .........
Pushing motorcycle off
center standOE/OA .........
Fuel ...............................
Brake system ................
51
52
54
54
55
58
61
61
62
65
67
69
71
71
72
5 Accessories ............... 77
General instructions ...... 78
Onboard sockets .......... 78
Luggage system ........... 81
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7 Care .........................
Cleaning and care ....
Storing .......................
Restoring to use .........
115
116
118
119
8 Technical data ........
Threaded fasteners ....
Tire pressures ............
Engine ........................
Power transmission ....
Frame and
suspension .................
Wheels and tires .........
Fuel and lubricants .....
121
122
124
125
126
127
129
130
Electrical system ......... 133
Dimensions and
weights ....................... 135
Riding
specifications ............. 136
9 Service ..................... 137
BMW Motorrad
service ........................ 138
Confirmation of
maintenance work ...... 141
Confirmation of
service ........................ 145
i Index ......................... 149
i
3
Introduction
6 Maintenance ............. 87
Toolkit .......................... 89
Engine oil ..................... 90
Brakes .......................... 91
Clutch .......................... 95
Wheels ......................... 97
Front-wheel stand ...... 104
Bulbs .......................... 105
Jump starting ............. 110
Battery ....................... 111
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i
Introduction
4
General information
About this Rider’s Manual
We have tried to make all the
information in this Rider’s
Manual easy to find. The
quickest access to a particular
topic or item is by consulting
the detailed alphabetical index
(b 149).
Chapter 1 of this Rider’s Manual will provide you with an initial overview of your
motorcycle. When the time
comes to sell your BMW,
please remember to hand over
this Rider’s Manual; it is an
important part of your motorcycle.
Symbols and
abbreviations
Indicates warnings that
you must comply with for
reasons of your safety and the
safety of others, and to protect
your motorcycle against damage.
Special information on
operating and inspecting
your motorcycle as well as
maintenance and adjustment
procedures.
c Indicates the end of an
item of information.
•
Instruction.
»
Result of an activity.
(b 4) Reference to a page with
more detailed information.
OE
Optional equipment
Your motorcycle was
assembled complete
with all the optional
equipment you ordered.
OA
Optional accessory
You can obtain optional
accessories through
your authorized BMW
motorcycle retailer;
optional accessories
have to be retrofitted to
the motorcycle.
EWS Electronic immobilizer.
DWA Anti-theft alarm system.
ABS Anti-lock braking system.
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Technical data
When you ordered your BMW
motorcycle, you chose various
items of custom equipment.
This Rider’s Manual describes
optional equipment (OE)
offered by BMW and selected
optional accessories (OA).
This explains why the manual
may also contain descriptions
of equipment which you have
not ordered. Please note, too,
that your motorcycle might not
be exactly as illustrated in this
manual on account of countryspecific differences.
If your BMW was supplied with
equipment not described in
this Rider’s Manual, you will
find these features described
in separate manuals.
All dimensions, weights and
power ratings stated in the
Rider’s Manual are quoted to
the standards and comply with
the tolerance requirements of
the Deutsche Institut für Normung e. V. (DIN). Versions for
individual countries may differ.
Currency
The high safety and quality
standards of BMW motorcycles are maintained by constant development work on
designs, equipment and
accessories. Because of this,
your motorcycle may differ
from the information supplied
in the Rider's Manual. Nor can
errors and omissions be
entirely ruled out. We hope
you will appreciate that no
claims can be entertained on
the basis of the data, illustrations or descriptions in this
manual.
i
5
BMW Service
Advanced technology requires
specially adapted methods of
maintenance and repair.
If maintenance and repair
work is performed inexpertly, it could result in consequential damage and thus
constitute a safety risk. BMW
recommends that you have
the necessary work on your
motorcycle performed either
by an authorized BMW motorcycle retailer or by a workshop
that operates to BMW specifications and employs suitably
trained personnel.c
Introduction
Custom equipment
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i
Introduction
6
Your authorized BMW motorcycle retailer can provide information on the specified
Service, Inspection and
Annual Inspection work
needed.
Have all maintenance and
repair work carried out confirmed in the "Service" chapter
(b 138) in this manual.
Authorized BMW motorcycle
retailers are supplied with the
latest technical information
and have the necessary technical know-how.
Consequently, we recommend
that you contact your authorized BMW motorcycle retailer
if you have any questions
regarding your motorcycle.
Rider’s equipment
Do not ride without the correct
clothing. Always wear:
– helmet
– motorcycling jacket and
trousers
– gloves
– boots
This applies even to short journeys, and to every season of
the year. Your authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer will
be glad to advise you on the
correct clothing for every purpose.
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General view, left side ................... 9
General view, right side ............... 11
1
Underneath the seat .................... 13
7
Handlebar fitting, right ................. 15
Instrument cluster ........................ 16
Headlight ....................................... 17
Overview
Overview
Handlebar fitting, left ................... 14
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1
Overview
8
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1 Beam throw adjustment
(b 41)
2 Clutch fluid reservoir
(b 96)
3 Handlebar height
adjustment (b 40)
4 Adjustable windshield
(b 47)
5 Onboard socket (b 78)
6 Adjuster, spring preload,
rear (b 47)
7 Adjuster, rear shock
absorber (b 48)
8 Filler neck, engine oil
(b 91)
9 Oil sight glass (b 90)
1
9
Overview
General view, left side
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1
Overview
10
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1 Seat lock (b 43)
2 Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
(b 94)
3 Vehicle identification
number
4 Brake-fluid reservoir, front
(b 94)
5 Case carrier (b 81)
1
11
Overview
General view, right
side
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1
Overview
12
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1 Height adjuster, front seat
(b 44)
2 Battery (b 111)
3 Helmet holder (b 46)
4 Type plate
5 Tire pressure table
6 Label, payload
1
13
Overview
Underneath the seat
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1
Overview
14
Handlebar fitting, left
1 Pushbutton, Tripmaster
(b 35)
2 Pushbutton, hazard warning flashers (b 34)
3 Pushbutton, horn
4 Pushbutton, left flashing
turn indicators (b 42)
5 Switch, high-beam headlight and headlight flasher
(b 41)
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1 Emergency ON/OFF
switch (b 37)
2 Pushbutton, starter (b 58)
3 Switch, grip heatingOE
(b 38)
4 Pushbutton, flashing turn
indicators, right (b 42)
5 Pushbutton, flashing turn
indicators off (b 43)
1
15
Overview
Handlebar fitting, right
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1
Overview
16
Instrument cluster
1 Speedometer
2 Rev. counter
3 Warning and indicator
lights (b 20)
4 Multifunction display
(b 20)
5 Indicator light DWAOE and
sensor for lighting of
instrument panel
6 Adjuster, clock (b 37)
The lighting of the instrument panel is equipped
with an automatic day and
night switchover.c
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1 Low and high-beam headlight (b 106)
2 Side lights (b 107)
1
17
Overview
Headlight
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1
Overview
18
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Multifunction display .................... 20
Warning and indicator lights ....... 20
2
Warning indicators ....................... 21
19
Status indicators
Status indicators
ABS warnings ............................... 26
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2
Multifunction display
The gear indicator shows
which gear is selected. If
no gear is engaged, the gear
indicator displays 0; the ’neutral’ indicator light also lights
up.
20
Status indicators
Gear indicator
Warning and indicator
lights
Engine oil temperature
1 Fuel gauge
2 Display area for warning
symbols
3 Gear indicator
4 Display, engine oil temperature
5 Display, Tripmaster (b 35)
6 Clock
Fuel capacity
The height of the bar indicates the level of fuel in
the fuel tank.
The height of the bar indicates the engine oil temperature.
1 Indicator light, left turn
indicator
2 Indicator light, high-beam
headlight
3 Warning light, general
4 Indicator light, neutral
5 ABS warning light
6 Indicator light, right turn
indicator
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Warnings are displayed by
means of symbols in the multifunction display. In some
cases, an additional general
warning light lights up red or
yellow. A number of warnings
may be issued simultaneously.
2
21
Status indicators
Warning indicators
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2
Status indicators
22
Overview
The warnings are listed in the table below, along with the page numbers of the pages you can
refer to for more information.
Light
Symbol
Meaning
Explanations
Ignition key not authorized
(b 24)
Low-beam headlight, high-beam
headlight or side light defective
(b 26)
Bulb failure. Double flashing frequency: Turn indicator defective
(b 26)
yellow
Rear light or brake light bulb
defective
(b 26)
yellow
Fuel down to reserve
(b 24)
yellow
Fault in the engine electronics
(b 24)
red
Engine-oil temperature too high
(b 24)
red
Engine-oil pressure too low
(b 25)
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Symbol
red
red
1 flash per
second
Meaning
Explanations
Battery is no longer being charged
(b 25)
Brake switch defective
(b 27)
ABS function not available, as
pull-away test not completed
(b 27)
Only residual braking function avail4 flashes per able, as ABS self-diagnosis not comsecond
pleted
(b 27)
Control of ABS warning lights
defective
red
(b 28)
red
1 flash per
second
ABS function not available in one or
both brake circuits
(b 28)
red
4 flashes per Only residual braking function availsecond
able in one or both brake circuits
(b 29)
1 red flash
per second
1 flash per
second
4 red flashes
per second
4 flashes per Insufficient brake fluid; only residual
second
braking function available
(b 30)
Insufficient brake fluid
(b 29)
2
23
Status indicators
Light
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2
Electronic immobilizer
Immobilizer symbol is
displayed.
Status indicators
24
The key being used is not
authorized for starting, or
communication between key
and engine electronics is disrupted.
• Remove all other vehicle
keys located near the ignition key (b 32).
• Use the reserve key.
• Have the defective key
replaced, preferably by an
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer (b 34).
Fuel reserve
General warning light
lights up yellow.
Fuel reserve symbol is
displayed and flashes 10
times.
The fuel tank contains a fuel
reserve of a maximum of 4
liters. The Tripmaster indicates
the probable residual operating range (b 36).
Lack of fuel can result in
the engine cutting out unexpectedly and this could result in a hazardous situation.
Do not run the fuel tank dry.c
Lack of fuel could result
in misfiring and this in
turn could damage the catalytic converter.
Do not run the fuel tank dry.c
• Refuel.
Oil temperature
General warning light
lights up red.
Oil temperature gauge
flashes 10 times.
Oil temperature too high.
Continuing to ride with
the engine overheated
can result in engine damage.c
• If possible, ride in the partload range to cool down the
engine.
• Switch off the engine if you
are caught in a traffic jam.
Engine electronics
General warning light
lights up yellow.
Engine electronics symbol is displayed.
Fault in the engine electronics.
In exceptional cases, the
engine stops and can no
longer be started. Otherwise,
the engine runs in emergency
operating mode.
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Engine oil pressure
General warning light
lights up red.
Engine oil pressure symbol is displayed.
Insufficient engine oil pressure.
The "engine oil pressure"
warning indicates that there is
no oil pressure or that the oil
pressure in the lubricating oil
circuit is too low; under no circumstances is it to be
regarded as fulfilling the function of an oil gauge. The warn-
ing must disappear when oil
pressure builds up 1 to 2 seconds after the engine starts.
If the "engine oil pressure"
warning is displayed while the
motorcycle is being ridden,
take account of the traffic situation and:
• Disengage the gear.
• Operate the emergency ON/
OFF switch.
• Bring the motorcycle safely
to a halt.
• Check the engine oil level
(b 90).
There are other enginerelated problems besides
a low engine-oil level that can
trigger the "engine-oil pressure" warning. Continuing to
ride in these cases can cause
engine damage.
If the "engine oil pressure"
warning is issued, do not continue to ride if a check shows
that the engine oil level is
correct.c
• Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
Battery charge current
General warning light
lights up red.
Battery charge current
symbol is displayed.
The battery is no longer being
charged. You can continue to
ride only until the battery is
discharged.
2
25
Status indicators
You can continue to ride, but
bear in mind that the usual
engine output is not available.
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW motorcycle retailer.
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2
Status indicators
26
A discharged battery can
result in the engine cutting out unexpectedly, causing
a hazardous situation.
If possible, do not continue
your journey.c
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
In case of insufficient battery voltage, the ABS
function (b 73) is not available.c
Defective bulb
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because it is easier for other users to oversee you and your
motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry
a complete set of spare bulbs
if possible.c
General warning light
lights up yellow.
Defective bulb symbol
with arrow pointing to the
rear is displayed.
Defective bulb symbol
with two arrows is displayed.
A combination of the bulb
defects described above has
occurred.
• Replace bulbs (b 106).
ABS warnings
Rear light or brake light bulb
defective.
• Replace bulbs (b 108).
Defective bulb symbol
with arrow pointing
upward is displayed.
Low-beam headlight, highbeam headlight, side-light or
turn-indicator bulb defective.
• Replace bulbs (b 106).
ABS warnings are indicated by
a combination of the general
warning light and the ABS
warning light. Both warning
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Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
General warning light
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW motorcycle retailer.
General warning light
lights up red.
Brake switch defective or
incorrectly adjusted. BMW
Integral ABS detects the
driver’s braking request by the
pressure build-up from the
brake lever. There may be an
unusual response from the
brakes. You can continue to
ride. However, bear in mind
that the brakes may respond in
a manner to which you are not
accustomed.
There is a defect in the
brake system that can
lead to abnormal braking.
ABS warning light
ABS warning light flashes
once per second.
ABS function not available
because pull-away test (b 61)
not completed.
You can continue to ride. To
prevent the wheels from locking:
• Do not use emergency braking until the pull-away test
has been completed.
Without the ABS function, the wheels could
lock under braking.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
ABS warning light flashes
four times per second.
Only residual braking function
available in both brake circuits, because self-diagnosis
(b 57) has not been completed.
You can continue to ride.
However, bear in mind that
until self-diagnosis has completed, neither the ABS function nor the brake booster is
available.
2
27
Status indicators
lights can light up continuously
or flash at a rate of one or four
flashes per second.
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2
Status indicators
28
Without the ABS function, the wheels could
lock under braking; without
servo-assisted brakes, considerably greater force is required to brake.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
• As soon as the traffic situation permits, end ABS selfdiagnosis (do not actuate
brake lever).
General warning light and
ABS warning light
General warning light
lights up red.
ABS warning light ON.
The ABS warnings control is
defective. ABS faults cannot
be displayed.
You can continue to ride, but
bear in mind that you will not
receive warning of ABS faults,
if they occur.
ABS warnings not available. ABS faults cannot
be indicated.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
General warning light
red.
ABS warning light flashes
once per second.
ABS function (b 74) unavailable in at least one brake circuit.
You can continue to ride.
However, bear in mind that the
ABS function is not available.
Without the ABS function, the wheels could
lock under braking.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW motorcycle retailer.
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Only residual braking function
(b 75) available in at least one
brake circuit.
You can continue to ride.
However, bear in mind that
neither the ABS function nor
the brake booster is available.
Without the ABS function, the wheels could
lock under braking; without
servo-assisted brakes, considerably greater force is required to brake.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW motorcycle retailer.
General warning light
flashes red once per
second.
ABS warning light flashes
once per second.
Fluid level in BMW Integral
ABS too low.
This case involves a
wheel brake circuit for
which the fluid level cannot be
read from the brake-fluid reservoirs.c
Several factors, including very
badly worn brake pads, can
trigger this warning.
Worn brake pads can
lengthen braking distance by a significant margin.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
Worn brake pads can
damage the brake discs.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
• Stop and check the thickness of the brake pads
(b 93).
• Have worn brake pads
replaced as soon as possible by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
2
29
Status indicators
General warning light
red.
ABS warning light flashes
4 times per second.
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2
Status indicators
30
If brake pad thickness is sufficient:
• Check the following functions:
– Ignition off, brake pressure
present at the brake levers.
– Brakes acting on both
wheels.
– Brake system leaktight, no
signs of brake fluid escaping.
If any of the above criteria are
not satisfied:
There is a defect in the
brake system.
Do not continue to ride.c
If these criteria are satisfied,
you can continue riding. However, bear in mind that a loss
of brake fluid that cannot be
detected might be the cause
of the warning.
There is a fault in the
brake system that can
lead to decreased braking
efficiency.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
General warning light
flashes red four times per
second.
ABS warning light flashes
4 times per second.
There are two faults:
– Only residual braking function (b 75) available in at
least one brake circuit, indicated by the general warning
light and the ABS warning
light flashing 4 times per
second.
– Fluid level in the BMW Integral ABS is too low, indicated by the general and
ABS warning lights flashing
once per second.
See the fault descriptions
above.
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Electronic immobilizer ................. 33
Hazard warning flashers .............. 34
Tripmaster ..................................... 35
Clock ............................................. 37
Emergency ON/OFF switch ......... 37
Grip heatingOE .............................. 38
Handlebar levers .......................... 39
Adjusting handlebars ................... 40
Lights ............................................. 40
Turn indicators ............................. 42
Front and rear seats ..................... 43
Helmet holder ............................... 46
Mirrors ........................................... 46
Windshield .................................... 47
Spring preload .............................. 47
Shock absorbers .......................... 48
3
Wheels ........................................... 49
31
Operation
Operation
Ignition switch and
steering lock ................................. 32
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Ignition switch and
steering lock
32
Keys
Operation
3
Switching on ignition
Switching off ignition
• Turn the key to the U position.
» Side lights and all function
circuits switched on.
» Pre-ride check is performed
(b 55).
» ABS self-diagnosis is performed (b 57).
» Engine can be started.
• Turn the key to the V position.
» Ignition and lights are
switched off.
» Electrically powered accessories remain operational for
a limited period of time
(b 79).
» The battery can be
recharged via the onboard
socket (b 112).
» Handlebars not locked.
» In this position, you can
remove the key.
You receive one master key
and one spare key. If a key is
lost, please note the information on the electronic immobilizer (EWS) (b 24).
Ignition key and steering
lock, tank filler cap lock
and seat lock are all operated
with the same key. On request, the caseOA and the topcaseOA can also be operated
with the same key.c
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• Turn the handlebars to the
full left or right lock position.
• Turn the key to the 1position
for OFF, while moving the
handlebars slightly.
» Ignition, lights and all function circuits switched off.
» Handlebars locked.
» In this position, you can
remove the key.
When you prop the motorcycle on the side
stand, the surface of the
ground will determine whether
it is better to turn the handlebars to the left or right. On level ground, a secure stance is
ensured only with the handlebars turned to the left.
On level ground, always turn
the handlebars to the left and
lock them in this position.c
Brake servo assistance is
not available when the ignition is off.
Do not switch off the ignition
while the motorcycle is being
ridden.c
Electronic immobilizer
The electronic immobilizer
helps protect your BMW
motorcycle from theft, and this
enhanced security is at your
disposal without any need for
you to set parameters or activate additional systems. The
engine of a motorcycle fitted
with this electronic immobilizer
can be started only with the
keys that belong to the vehicle. You can also have your
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer bar individual keys, for
example if a key goes missing.
The engine cannot be started
with a key that has been
barred.
3
33
Operation
Locking handlebars
K28_03_bedienung_u.fm Seite 34 Donnerstag, 9. Dezember 2004 1:26 13
3
Operation
34
In-key security
An electronic component is
integrated into each of your
keys. The motorcycle’s electronics exchange certain continuously changing signals
with the electronics in the key;
these signals are specific to
your motorcycle and they are
transmitted via the ring aerial
in the ignition lock. The ignition
is not enabled for starting until
the key has been recognized
as authorized for your motorcycle.
A spare key attached to
the same ring as the ignition key used to start the engine could "irritate" the electronics, in which case the
enabling signal for starting is
not issued. The EWS warning
is displayed in the multifunction display.
Always keep the spare key
separate from the ignition
key.c
Hazard warning
flashers
Switching on hazard
warning flashers
Replacement and extra
keys
You can obtain replacement/
extra keys only through an
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer. The keys are part of an
integrated security system, so
the retailer is under an obligation to check the legitimacy of
all applications for replacement/extra keys.
If you want to have a lost key
barred, you must bring along
all the keys that belong to the
motorcycle. A key that has
been barred can subsequently
be cleared and reactivated for
use.
• Switch on the ignition.
• Press hazard warning flashers button 1.
» Hazard warning flashers in
operation.
» Left/right turn indicator lights
flash.
• Switch off the ignition.
» The hazard warning flashers
continue to operate.
k28_u.book Seite 35 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
You can also switch on
the hazard warning flashers by simultaneously pressing the buttons for the left and
right turn indicators.c
The hazard warning
flashers place a strain on
the battery. Do not use the
hazard warning flashers for
longer than absolutely necessary.c
Switching off hazard
warning flashers
• Press hazard warning flashers button 1.
» Hazard warning flashers
cease to operate.
Switching on a turn indicator temporarily deactivates the hazard warning
flashers. The hazard warning
flashers switch on again as
soon as the turn indicator is
canceled.c
Tripmaster
Selecting readings
3
35
Operation
» Left/right turn indicator lights
flash.
• Switch off the ignition.
» The hazard warning flashers
continue to operate.
» Left/right turn indicator lights
off.
When you switch on the
ignition, the information
shown by the Tripmaster when
the ignition was switched off
always reappears on the multifunction display.c
• Switch on the ignition.
• Press the Tripmaster
button 1 once briefly.
k28_u.book Seite 36 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Residual range
3
Operation
36
» The following appear in the
display field 2 in this order:
– Total distance covered
– Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
– Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
– Residual range
Residual range
Residual range is calculated
on the basis of your style of
riding and the amount of fuel
left in the tank; the reading
indicates the estimated distance you can travel before the
fuel supply runs out.
If the motorcycle is resting on
its side stand, the level in the
tank cannot be measured correctly, so this estimate of
residual operating range will
be inaccurate.
When you refuel (ignition
switched off) the Tripmaster
does not register the increase
in fuel level unless more than 2
liters are added to the fuel
already in the tank. The tank
must contain at least 5 liters of
fuel for the fuel-gauge reading
and the residual range to be
recalculated.
The residual range is only an
approximate reading. Consequently, you should not try to
use the full residual range
before refueling.
Resetting tripmeter
• Switch on the ignition.
• Select the desired tripmeter.
• Press the Tripmaster button
for longer than
2 seconds.
» The tripmeter is reset to
zero.
k28_u.book Seite 37 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Attempting to set the
clock while riding the motorcycle can lead to accidents.
Set the clock only when the
motorcycle is stationary.c
• Switch on the ignition.
• Press button 1 for longer
than 2 seconds.
» Hours reading 2 starts to
flash.
• Briefly press button 1.
» The hour increments by one
each time you press the button.
• Press button 1 for longer
than 2 seconds.
» Minutes reading 3 starts to
flash.
• Briefly press button 1.
» The minute increments by
one each time you press the
button.
• Press button 1 for longer
than 2 seconds.
» Setting confirmed.
Emergency ON/OFF
switch
The Emergency ON/OFF
switch is used to switch off the
engine during or after a fall.
3
37
Operation
Clock
Actuating the emergency
ON/OFF switch while
driving can cause the rear
wheel to lock up, resulting in a
fall.
Do not operate the emergency
ON/OFF switch when riding.c
k28_u.book Seite 38 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
3
Operation
38
• Turn emergency ON/OFF
switch 1 to left or right to
position B.
» The engine electronics control unit switches the engine
off.
» The engine cannot be
started while the switch is in
this position.
If you move the emergency ON/OFF switch to
the B position while the ignition is switched on, the
BMW Integral ABS remains
operational (b 73).c
Grip heatingOE
1 Grip heating switch
2 Heating function off
3 50% heating power
(one dot)
4 100% heating power
(three dots)
Grip heating can be activated
only when the engine is running.
The increase in power
consumption caused by
the grip heating can drain the
battery if you are riding at low
engine speeds. If the charge
level is low, grip heating is
switched off to ensure the battery's starting capability.c
k28_u.book Seite 39 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Adjusting clutch lever
Attempting to adjust the
clutch lever while riding
the motorcycle can lead to accidents. Adjust the clutch lever
only when the motorcycle is
stationary.c
» Turn counter-clockwise:
reach is reduced.
Adjusting handbrake
lever
Attempting to adjust the
brake lever while riding
the motorcycle can lead to accidents.
Adjust the brake lever only
when the motorcycle is stationary.c
• Use the adjusting screw 1 to
set the clutch lever reach.
» Turn clockwise: reach is
increased.
3
The adjusting screw has
a limit position and can
be turned more easily when
you press the clutch lever forward.c
39
• Use the adjusting screw 1 to
set the front brake lever
reach.
» Turn clockwise: reach is
increased.
» Turn counter-clockwise:
reach is reduced.
The adjusting screw has
a limit position and can
be turned more easily when
you press the brake lever forward.c
Operation
Handlebar levers
k28_u.book Seite 40 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
3
Lights
The two handlebar halves can
be adjusted to three different
heights.
Side lights
Operation
40
Adjusting handlebars
The side lights switch on automatically when the ignition is
switched on.
The side lights are a
strain on the battery. Do
not switch the ignition on for
longer than absolutely necessary.c
• Loosen screws 1 on left and
right.
• Push handlebar halves into
desired position. Make sure
handlebar is properly seated
(audibly engages).
• Tighten screws to 19 Nm.
• Make sure both handlebar
halves are adjusted to same
height.
Low-beam headlight
The low-beam headlight
switches on automatically
when you start the engine.
With the engine switched
off, you can switch on the
lights by switching on the
high-beam headlight with the
ignition switched on or by operating the headlight flasher.c
k28_u.book Seite 41 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
• Press the top part of switch 1
for the high-beam headlight.
» High-beam headlight
switched on.
• Move switch 1 for the highbeam headlight to the center
position.
» High-beam headlight
switched off.
• Press the bottom part of
switch 1 for the high-beam
headlight.
» Headlight flasher.
Side lights
You can switch on the side
lights only immediately after
switching off the ignition.
• Switch off the ignition.
• Press left-hand turn indicator switch 1.
» Side lights switched on.
• Switch the ignition on and off
again.
» Side lights switched off.
Adjusting headlight beam
throw
Headlight beam throw is kept
constant when spring preload
is adjusted to suit load.
• Adjust the spring-preload
and shock-absorber settings
to suit load (b 47).
• Consult a specialist workshop, preferably an authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer, if you are unsure
whether the headlight basic
setting is correct.
Spring preload adjustment
might not suffice if the motorcycle is very heavily loaded.
To avoid dazzling oncoming
traffic:
3
41
Operation
High-beam headlight/
headlight flasher
k28_u.book Seite 42 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Adjusting headlight for
RHD/LHD traffic
3
When riding in countries where
traffic drives on the opposite
side of the road to that in
which the vehicle was registered, the asymmetric low
headlight beam will dazzle
oncoming traffic.
Operation
42
• Use pivot lever 1 to adjust
the headlight.
A Neutral position
B High load
Adhesive films with unsuitable adhesives can
damage the plastic of the
headlight lens.
Use only suitable adhesive
films.c
• Have the headlight adjusted
to the relevant conditions by
a specialist workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
Turn indicators
Switching on turn
indicators
• Press left-hand turn indicator button 1.
» Left-hand turn indicator
switched on.
» Indicator light for left-hand
turn indicator flashes.
k28_u.book Seite 43 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Switching off turn
indicators
Front and rear seats
Removing seats
3
• Press right-hand turn indicator button 2.
» Right-hand turn indicator
switched on.
» Indicator light for right-hand
turn indicator flashes.
Operation
43
• Press cancel button 3.
» Turn indicator off.
» Turn indicator light is off.
• Turn the key clockwise in the
seat lock.
k28_u.book Seite 44 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
• Adjust the seat by removing
seat supporting rod 1 and
reinserting it in the appropriate holder.
3
Operation
44
• When doing so, press the
rear seat down.
• Lift the seat at the rear and
release the key.
• Pull the seat to the rear to
release it from its holders.
• Lift the driver's seat at the
rear and remove it upward.
Adjusting front seat
The front seat can be raised or
lowered to either of two positions.
• Remove the rubber wedge 2
on the underside of the
driver's seat from the seat
and reinsert it in the desired
position.
k28_u.book Seite 45 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Installing seats
3
If too much pressure is
applied in the forward direction, there is a danger that
the motorcycle will be pushed
off its stand.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is steady on its stand.c
• Check that the seat is correctly seated.
• Push the driver's seat forward into the retaining
brackets 1.
• Position the rear seat so that
the tongues grip under the
related brackets 2.
• Firmly press down on the
seat at the rear.
» The seat engages with an
audible click.
Operation
45
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3
Helmet holder
Mirrors
Adjusting mirrors
Operation
46
The helmet holders 1 are
mounted at the rear under the
rear seat.
• Remove the rear seat (b 43).
• Use the steel cable from the
toolkit to secure the helmet
to the holder: guide the
cable through the helmet
and push the cable eyes
onto the holder.
• Install the seat.
The helmet catch can
scratch the side panel.
Note the position of the helmet
catch when you secure the
helmet.c
• Move the mirrors into the
desired position by turning
them.
If the mirror adjustment is
insufficient, the mirror arm can
also be adjusted:
k28_u.book Seite 47 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Adjusting windshield
• Push the protective cap 1 up
over the threaded fastener
on the mirror arm.
• Loosen the union nut 2.
• Turn the mirror arm into the
desired position.
• Retighten the union nut.
• Pull the protective cap over
the threaded fastener.
The windshield can be
adjusted to three different
heights.
• Raise or lower the windshield by hand as required.
» The windshield engages with
an audible click.
Do not adjust the windshield while driving.
Stop the motorcycle to adjust
the windshield.c
3
47
Spring preload
Adjusting spring preload
for rear wheel
The spring preload must be
adapted to the load of the motorcycle. Increase spring preload when the motorcycle is
heavily loaded and reduce
spring preload accordingly
when the motorcycle is lightly
loaded.
• Make sure the ground is
level and firm and park the
motorcycle.
Operation
Windshield
k28_u.book Seite 48 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
3
Operation
48
To increase spring preload:
• Turn knob 1 in the direction
indicated by the HIGH arrow.
To decrease spring preload:
• Turn knob 1 in the direction
indicated by the LOW arrow.
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do
not match the spring-preload
and damping-characteristic
settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic to suit spring preload.c
Shock absorbers
Adjusting rear shock
absorber
Basic setting for one-up riding:
• Set the knob to the "STD"
mark on scale at the side
(red dots).
This is the basic setting
for a motorcycle carrying
a full load of fuel and a rider
weighing 187 lbs (85 kg).c
The damping must be adapted
to the spring preload. An
increase in spring preload
requires firmer damping, and a
reduction in spring preload
requires softer damping.
• Make sure the ground is
level and firm and park the
motorcycle.
• Adjust the rear shock
absorber, using a screwdriver
to turn adjusting screw 1.
k28_u.book Seite 49 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Softer damping:
• Turn adjusting screw 1 in the
direction indicated by the S
arrow.
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do
not match the spring-preload
and damping-characteristic
settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic to suit spring preload.c
Wheels
Checking tire pressures
Basic setting for one-up riding:
• Turn adjusting screw 1 all
the way in the direction indicated by the H arrow.
• Turn the adjusting screw 1
one turn in the direction of
the arrow S.
Incorrect tire pressures
adversely affect the handling of the motorcycle and
can lead to accidents.
Always keep the tires inflated
to the specified pressures.c
This is the basic setting
for a motorcycle carrying
a full load of fuel and a rider
weighing 187 lbs (85 kg).c
Incorrect tire pressures
result in accelerated tire
wear.
Always keep the tires inflated
to the specified pressures.c
The correct tire pressures
(measured with tires cold) are:
One-up:
– front 31.9 psi (2.2 bar)
– rear 36.3 psi (2.5 bar)
One-up with luggage:
– front 36.3 psi (2.5 bar)
– rear 42 psi (2.9 bar)
Two-up (with luggage):
– front 36.3 psi (2.5 bar)
– rear 42 psi (2.9 bar)
At high road speeds, tire
valves have a tendency
to open as a result of centrifugal force.
Fit metal valve caps with rubber seals and screw them on
firmly to prevent sudden deflation.c
3
49
Operation
Harder damping:
• Turn adjusting screw 1 in the
direction indicated by the H
arrow.
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3
Operation
50
k28_u.book Seite 51 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Safety instructions ....................... 52
Fuel ................................................ 71
Safety check ................................. 54
Brake system ................................ 72
4
First time out ................................. 54
Riding
51
Starting .......................................... 58
Riding ............................................ 61
Running in ..................................... 61
Shifting gears ............................... 62
Placing motorcycle
on its side stand ........................... 65
Removing motorcycle from
side stand ...................................... 67
Place motorcycle on center
standOE/OA ..................................... 69
Pushing motorcycle off center
standOE/OA ..................................... 71
Riding
Before you start ............................ 55
k28_u.book Seite 52 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
4
Riding
52
Safety instructions
Alcohol and drugs
Speed
Even small amounts of alcohol or drugs will adversely affect your perception
and your ability to assess situations and make decisions,
and slow down your reflexes.
Medication can exacerbate
these effects.
Do not ride your motorcycle
after consuming alcohol,
drugs or medication.c
If you ride at high speed,
always bear in mind that various boundary conditions can
adversely affect the handling
of your motorcycle:
– settings of the spring-strut
and shock absorber system
– imbalanced load
– loose clothing
– insufficient tire pressure
– worn tires
– etc.
Correct loading
Overloading can adversely affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the permissible
total weight (b 135).c
Risk of poisoning
Exhaust fumes contain carbon
monoxide, which is colorless
and odorless but highly toxic.
Inhaling the exhaust
fumes therefore represents a health hazard and can
even cause loss of consciousness with fatal consequences.
Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
Do not run the engine in an enclosed space.c
High voltage
Touching live parts of the
ignition system with the
engine running can lead to
electric shocks.
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine is
running.c
Catalytic converter
If misfiring causes unburned
fuel to enter the catalytic converter, there is a danger of
overheating and damage.
For this reason, observe the
following points:
– Do not run the fuel tank dry.
– Do not attempt to start or run
the engine with a spark-plug
cap disconnected.
– Stop the engine immediately
if it misfires.
– Use only unleaded fuel.
– Comply with all specified
maintenance intervals.
Flammable materials (e.g.
hay, leaves, grass, clothing and luggage, etc.) could
ignite if allowed to come into
contact with the hot exhaust
pipe.
Do not permit flammable materials to come into contact
with the hot exhaust system.c
Unburned fuel will destroy the catalytic converter.
Note the points listed for protection of the catalytic converter.c
Cooling would be inadequate if the engine were
allowed to idle for a lengthy
period with the motorcycle at a
standstill: overheating would
result. In extreme cases, the
motorcycle could catch fire.
Do not allow the engine to idle
unnecessarily. Ride away immediately after starting the engine.c
Risk of fire
Temperatures at the exhaust
are high.
Tampering with control
unit of electronic enginemanagement system
4
Tampering with the control unit of electronic engine-management system can
damage the motorcycle and
cause accidents.
Do not tamper with the control
unit of the electronic enginemanagement system.c
Riding
k28_u.book Seite 53 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Tampering with the control unit of electronic engine-management system can
result in mechanical loads that
the motorcycle's components
are not designed to withstand.
Damage caused in this way is
not covered by the warranty.
Do not tamper with the control
unit of the electronic enginemanagement system.c
53
k28_u.book Seite 54 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
4
Riding
54
Safety check
Prior to every journey
Use the following checklist to
check important functions,
settings and wear limits before
you ride off.
Checklist
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Brakes (b 91)
Brake fluid level (b 94)
Clutch (b 96)
Warning and indicator lights
(b 20)
Shock absorber setting
(b 48) and spring preload
(b 47)
Wheel rims (b 97), tread
depth (b 97) and tire pressures (b 49)
Load, gross weight (b 135)
Luggage system (b 81)
At regular intervals:
– Engine oil level (every time
you refuel) (b 90)
– Brake pads (every second/
third time you refuel) (b 92)
First time out
Safe handling of your
motorcycle
You have to take the time to
familiarize yourself with your
motorcycle's unique character:
– Acceleration
– Roadholding
– Cornering
– Braking
Bear in mind, too, that the
engine has to be run in over
the first 600 miles (1,000 km)
(b 61).
The description of the BMW
Integral ABS starts on page
(b 73).
BMW Integral ABS incorporates a brake booster,
so braking efficiency is significantly higher than with conventional brake systems. Inadvertently severe braking can
lead to dangerous situations,
particularly when the motorcycle is cornering.
Practice braking with BMW Integral ABS under safe conditions.c
k28_u.book Seite 55 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Switching on ignition
• See the notes on the electronic immobilizer (EWS)
(b 24).
• Emergency ON/OFF
switch 1 in operating position A.
• Switch on the ignition.
» Pre-ride check is performed.
» With BMW Integral ABS:
ABS self-diagnosis is performed.
Pre-ride check
Phase 1
4
A pre-ride check is performed
after you switch on the ignition. Here, the functions of all
warning lights and warning
symbols are checked. The following are displayed in succession in the multifunction
display:
55
Riding
Before you start
General warning light
lights up red.
Engine oil pressure symbol is displayed.
Battery charge current
symbol is displayed.
k28_u.book Seite 56 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4 (only with DWAOE)
4
Riding
56
General warning light
lights up yellow.
Engine electronics symbol is displayed.
Immobilizer symbol is
displayed.
A warning light defect is
displayed.
The "DWA" battery warning for the anti-theft alarm
appears if the voltage level of
the batteries in the anti-theft
alarm systemOE is too low.
If one of the warning
lights or a warning symbol cannot be displayed, any
function fault in the corresponding system cannot be
displayed.
Watch all lights and symbols
on the display.c
k28_u.book Seite 57 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
If the engine is started
during the pre-ride
check, the pre-ride check is
canceled.c
ABS self-diagnosis
• Release the brake levers.
• Switch on the ignition.
Phase 1
General warning light
lights up.
ABS warning light flashes
4 times per second.
Self-diagnosis is in progress.
The BMW Integral ABS performs self-diagnosis and a
pull-away test to ensure its
operability (b 61). Self-diagnosis is performed automatically
when you switch on the ignition.
Self-diagnosis is not performed unless both brake
levers are in their fully released
positions. Only the residual
braking function (b 75) is
available until self-diagnosis
completes.
Phase 2
ABS warning light flashes
once per second.
Self-diagnosis is complete.
The warning light goes out
after completion of the starting-off test (b 61).
4
57
Riding
If a light or symbol is not displayed:
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW motorcycle retailer.
Once the pre-ride check completes, the various gauges and
indicators show their current
values.
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4
Riding
58
If you switch on the ignition while the brakes are
applied, then start the engine
and ride off immediately, the
BMW Integral ABS remains in
its residual braking function
mode (b 75). Self-diagnosis is
performed as soon as the brake
levers are in their fully released
positions for the first time. Until
this completes the ABS function
is not available; the same applies to power assistance for
the brakes.
Wait for ABS self-diagnosis to
complete before you start the
engine.c
Starting on gradients:
Switch on the ignition with
gear engaged, clutch lever released and both brake levers
released. When self-diagnosis
completes, apply the brakes,
disengage the clutch, and start
the engine.c
Side stand
You cannot start the motorcycle
with the side stand extended
and a gear engaged.
The engine will switch itself off if
you start it with the transmission
in neutral and then engage a
gear before retracting the side
stand.
Starting
Do not turn the throttle
twistgrip when starting the
engine. At ambient temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C), disengage the clutch after switching
on ignition.c
Transmission
You can start the engine when
the transmission is in neutral or
if you pull the clutch with a gear
engaged. Switch on the ignition
before you pull the clutch.
When the transmission is in
neutral, the green neutral indicator light is on and the gear
indicator in the multifunction
display shows 0.
• Press starter button 1.
» The engine starts.
• Observe instruments and
display for warnings and
information (b 20).
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High engine speeds while
the engine is cold accelerate engine wear.
Avoid high engine speeds
when the engine is cold.c
Consult the troubleshooting chart if the engine refuses to start (b 60).c
4
59
Riding
The start attempt is automatically interrupted if
battery voltage is too low.
Recharge the battery before
you start the engine, or use
jump leads and a donor battery to start (b 112).c
k28_u.book Seite 60 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
4
Troubleshooting chart
Fault: Engine does not start at all or is very difficult to start.
Riding
60
Possible cause
Remedy
See page
Emergency ON/OFF switch
activated
Set the emergency ON/OFF switch to its
RUN position
(b 55)
Side stand extended and gear
engaged
Retract the side stand fully
(b 67)
Gear engaged, clutch not
disengaged
Select neutral or pull clutch lever
(b 58)
Clutch pulled when ignition was
OFF
Switch on the ignition, then pull the clutch (b 55, 58)
lever
No fuel in tank
Refuel
(b 71)
Battery not adequately charged
Recharge the battery
(b 112)
k28_u.book Seite 61 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Running in
ABS pull-away test
• While running in the motorcycle, vary the throttle opening and engine-speed range
frequently.
• Try to do most of your riding
during this initial period on
twisting, fairly hilly roads,
avoiding high-speed main
roads and highways if possible.
ABS warning light flashes
once per second.
The BMW Integral ABS checks
the ABS sensors when you
pull away after starting. The
ABS warning light then goes
out and the BMW Integral ABS
is active.
Exceeding the specified
engine speeds while running in
will lead to increased engine
wear.
Keep to the guideline values
as stated below.c
Up to 600 miles (1,000 km)
distance ridden
• Engine speed max.
4,000 rpm.
• No full-load acceleration.
• Avoid low engine speeds at
full load.
• The first inspection should
always be performed
between 300 and 750 miles
(500 and 1,200 km).
4
61
Riding
Riding
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4
Riding
62
Brake pads
Tires
New brake pads must bed
down and therefore do not
achieve their optimum friction
levels during the first 500 km.
This initial reduction in braking
efficiency can be compensated
for by exerting greater pressure
on the levers.
New tires have a smooth surface. This must be roughened
by riding in a restrained manner
at various heel angles until the
tires are run in. This running in
procedure is essential if the tires
are to achieve maximum grip.
New brake pads can extend stopping distance by
a significant margin.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
Tires do not have their full
grip when new and there is
a risk of accident at extreme
heeling angels.
Avoid extreme heeling angels.c
Shifting gears
Engine speed
Do not use the high end of the
engine-revolutions range in any
gear unless the engine is at
operating temperature. When
the revolution counter needle
enters the red zone on the dial,
the throttle-valve angle is limited
in order to protect the engine
against overrevving. The governor cuts in at 8,000 rpm.
k28_u.book Seite 63 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Shifting gears
4
Riding
63
Attempting to shift gears
with the clutch engaged
can damage the transmission.
Always disengage the clutch in
order to shift gears.c
The gear indicator in the
multifunction display tells
you which gear is engaged.c
k28_u.book Seite 64 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
4
Riding
64
k28_u.book Seite 65 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee
that the motorcycle will rest
firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.c
You must be seated on the
motorcycle:
• Switch off the engine.
• Pull the handbrake lever.
• Hold the motorcycle upright
and balanced.
• Use your left foot to extend
the side stand fully (arrow).
• Slowly lean the motorcycle
to the side until its weight is
taken by the stand and dismount to the left.
• Turn the handlebars up to
full left lock.
• Check that the motorcycle is
standing firmly.
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface of
the ground determines whether it is better to turn the handlebars to the left or right.
However, the motorcycle is
more stable on a level surface
with the handlebars turned to
the left than with the handlebars turned to the right.
On level ground, always turn
the handlebars to the left and
lock them in this position.c
The side stand is designed to support only
the weight of the motorcycle.
Do not lean or sit on the motorcycle with the side stand
extended.c
On a gradient, the motorcycle should always face
uphill; select 1st gear.c
4
65
Riding
Placing motorcycle
on its side stand
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4
Riding
66
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Brake servo assistance is
not available when the ignition is off; the motorcycle
can start to roll.
Particularly when the motorcycle is parked on a gradient,
switch on the ignition and wait
for the ABS to complete its
self-diagnosis (b 57).c
• Unlock the ignition lock,
switch on the ignition.
• Wait for ABS self-diagnosis
to complete.
• Grasp the handlebars with
both hands while standing
next to the motorcycle on
the left-hand side.
• Pull the handbrake lever.
• Swing your right leg over the
seat and lift the motorcycle
to the upright position.
• Hold the motorcycle upright
and balanced.
• Sit on the motorcycle and
use your left foot to retract
the side stand.
An extended side stand
can catch on the ground
when the motorcycle is moving and lead to a fall.
Retract the side stand before
moving the motorcycle.c
4
67
Riding
Removing motorcycle
from side stand
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4
Riding
68
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If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee
that the motorcycle will rest
firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.c
• Switch off the engine.
• Dismount and keep your left
hand on the left handlebar
grip.
• Grasp the handle in the lefthand side panel with your
right hand.
• Place your right foot on the
pin of the center stand, and
press the stand down until
its curved feet touch the
ground.
• Place the full weight of your
body on the center stand,
while pulling the motorcycle
to the rear (arrow).
• Check that the motorcycle is
standing firmly.
Excessive movements
could cause the center
stand to retract, and the motorcycle would topple in consequence.
Do not lean or sit on the motorcycle with the center stand
extended.c
4
69
Riding
Place motorcycle on
center standOE/OA
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4
Riding
70
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Pushing motorcycle off
center standOE/OA
• Check that the center stand
has fully retracted.
Brake servo assistance is
not available when the ignition is off; the motorcycle
can start to roll.
Particularly when the motorcycle is parked on a gradient,
switch on the ignition and wait
for the ABS to complete its
self-diagnosis (b 57).c
Fuel
• Unlock the ignition lock,
switch on the ignition.
• Wait for ABS self-diagnosis
to complete.
• Place your left hand on the
left handlebar grip.
• Grasp the handle in the lefthand side panel with your
right hand.
• Push the motorcycle forward
off the center stand.
• Make sure the ground is
level and firm and place the
motorcycle on its center
stand or side stand.
4
71
Refueling
Fuel expands when hot
(for instance if the fuel
tank is in the sun).
Do not fill the tank past the
bottom edge of the filler
neck.c
Fuel can damage plastic
parts.
Do not permit fuel to come into
contact with body panels.c
Riding
Fuel is flammable and explosive.
Do not smoke. Never bring a
naked flame near the fuel
tank.c
• Open the protective cap.
• Open the fuel tank cap with
the ignition key by turning
counter-clockwise.
k28_u.book Seite 72 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
The engine is designed to run
on:
– Premium grade unleaded
fuel (98 RON + MON / 2)
Use fuel of this grade by preference, in order to achieve
rated performance and fuel
consumption.
4
Riding
72
• Refuel with fuel of the
approved grade.
• Press the filler cap down
firmly to close.
• Remove the key and close
the protective cap.
Fuel grade
Leaded fuel will destroy the
catalytic converter.
Use only unleaded fuel.c
You can also run the engine on
fuel of the following grade:
– Super unleaded fuel
(95 RON + MON / 2)
Capacity
– Usable fuel capacity:
5.5 gal (21 liters)
– including reserve of:
approx. 1 gal (4 liters)
The fuel gauge in the
multifunction display
works only when the ignition is
switched on.c
Brake system
General
Descending mountain
passes
There is a danger of the
brakes fading if you use
only the rear brakes when descending mountain passes.
Under extreme conditions, the
brakes could overheat and
suffer severe damage.
Use both front and rear
brakes, and make use of the
engine's braking effect as
well.c
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After the motorcycle has
been washed, ridden
through water or ridden in the
rain, the brake discs and pads
might be wet and the brakes
might not take effect immediately.
Bear in mind that this extends
your stopping distance, because the brakes have to either dry out as you ride, or dry
themselves when applied.c
Salt on brakes
The full braking effect can
be delayed if the motorcycle is ridden on salt-covered
roads and the brakes are not
applied for some time.
Bear in mind that this extends
your stopping distance,
because the force of friction
has to remove the layer of salt
when the brakes are applied.c
Oil or grease on brakes
Oil and grease on the
brake discs and pads
considerably diminish braking
efficiency.
It is particularly important to
check the brake pads and
discs after repair and maintenance work is carried out, to
make sure they are free of oil
and grease.c
Dirt or mud on brakes
When the motorcycle is
ridden on loose surfaces
or muddy roads, the brakes
may fail to take effect immediately because of dirt or moisture on the discs or brake
pads.
Bear in mind that this extends
your stopping distance, because the brakes have to
clean themselves when applied.c
BMW Integral ABS
It takes skill and sensitive control of the brakes to stop safely
on a motorcycle. If the front
brakes lock and the wheel
skids, the necessary longitudinal and lateral stabilizing
forces are lost, and a fall can
result. For this reason, the
rider seldom makes full use of
available braking performance
in an emergency.
By preventing both wheels
from locking and optimizing
braking-force distribution by
means of the integral function,
BMW Integral ABS offers
improved braking efficiency.
4
73
Riding
Wet brakes
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4
Riding
74
Making full use of the motorcycle’s technical braking capacity will minimize braking
distances noticeably, even
when road conditions are
poor. When the motorcycle is
ridden in a straight line, the
BMW Integral ABS is able to
handle emergency braking
safely.
Reserves for safety
The potentially shorter braking
distances which BMW Integral
ABS permits must not be used
as an excuse for careless
riding. ABS is primarily a
means of ensuring a safety
margin in genuine emergencies.
Take care when cornering.
When you apply the brakes on
a corner, the motorcycle’s
weight and momentum take
over and even BMW Integral
ABS is unable to counteract
their effects.
Integral brakes
Your motorcycle is equipped
with integral brakes. Both front
and rear brakes are applied
when you pull the handbrake
lever. The footbrake lever acts
only on the rear brake.
The electronic controller in the
BMW Integral ABS regulates
braking-force distribution
between front and rear
wheels. Braking-force distribution depends on load and is
recalculated every time the
ABS controller comes into
action.
Brake booster
The hydraulic pump in the
BMW Integral ABS boosts the
braking force acting on the
wheel when the brakes are
applied. By boosting the braking force in this way,
BMW Integral ABS achieves
higher braking efficiency than
standard brake systems.
ABS anti-lock braking
system
ABS prevents the wheels locking under braking, thus contributing significantly to road
safety.
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Severe braking can
cause the rear wheel to
lift off the ground.
Bear in mind that ABS cannot
be relied on in all circumstances
to prevent the rear wheel from
lifting clear of the ground.c
Residual braking function
When the ignition is off, while
self-diagnosis is in progress,
and if a fault develops in the
BMW Integral ABS, the
hydraulic brake boost provided by the BMW Integral
ABS is not available in the
brake circuits in question, and
only a residual braking function is available. Under these
circumstances, therefore, you
must apply higher pressure to
the brake levers in question in
order to apply the brakes, and
lever travel is longer. When the
residual braking function is
active, the ABS function is
unavailable in the brake system in question. Under these
circumstances, moreover, the
integral braking function is
partially or entirely unavailable.
Without the assistance of
the ABS function, the
wheels could lock when the
brakes are applied, and without the brake booster you
have to apply considerably
more force in order to slow the
motorcycle.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking. Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer.c
The brake-lever travel
needed to build up braking pressure can be considerably longer when the system is
in residual braking function
mode, so it is advisable to set
the brake lever to a wider span
(b 39).c
4
75
Riding
Rear wheel lift
Even under severe braking, a
high level of tire grip can mean
that the front wheel does not
lock up until very late, if at all.
Consequently, ABS does not
intervene until very late, if at all.
Under these circumstances
the rear wheel can lift off the
ground, and the outcome can
be a highsiding situation in
which the motorcycle can flip
over.
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4
Riding
76
When the residual braking function is active for
both brake circuits, the noise
of the pump is no longer audible when you operate the
brake levers.c
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General instructions .................... 78
Onboard sockets .......................... 78
5
Luggage system ........................... 81
77
Accessories
Accessories
k28_u.book Seite 78 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
5
Accessories
78
General instructions
BMW recommends the use of
parts and accessories for your
motorcycle that are approved
by BMW for this purpose.
Genuine BMW parts and
accessories and other products which BMW has
approved can be obtained
from your authorized BMW
motorcycle retailer, together
with expert advice on their
installation and use.
These parts and products
have been tested by BMW for
safety, function and suitability.
BMW accepts product liability
for these products. Conversely, BMW is unable to
accept any liability whatsoever
for parts and accessories
which it has not approved.
BMW cannot examine or
test each product of outside origin to ensure that it can
be used on or in connection
with BMW motorcycles without constituting a safety hazard. County-specific official
authorization does not suffice
as assurance. Tests conducted by these instances cannot
make provision for all operating conditions experienced by
BMW motorcycles and, consequently, they are not sufficient in some circumstances.
Use only parts and accessories approved by BMW for your
motorcycle.c
Whenever you are planning
modifications, comply with all
the legal requirements. The
motorcycle must not infringe
national road-vehicle construction and use regulations.
Onboard sockets
Supply
The onboard sockets available
as standard equipment and as
optional accessories supply a
voltage of 12 V and can be
loaded with a maximum of 5 A
each. The maximum amperage for all onboard sockets is
a total of 5 A.
k28_u.book Seite 79 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Operating electrical
accessories
You can start using electrical
accessories only when the
ignition is switched on. The
accessory remains operational
if the ignition is subsequently
switched off. Approx.
15 minutes after switching off
the ignition and during the
restart operation, the onboard
socket is switched off to take
the load off the vehicle electrical system.
Cable routing
The cables from the power
socket to the auxiliary device
must be routed in such a way
that they:
– do not impede the rider
– do not restrict or obstruct
the steering angle and handling characteristics
– cannot be trapped
Improperly routed cables
can impede the rider.
Route the cables as described
above.c
5
79
Accessories
The supply to the socket is cut
off automatically if battery voltage is low or the load exceeds
the maximum rating.
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5
Accessories
80
k28_u.book Seite 81 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Fitting a luggage system will
affect the handling of your
motorcycle. The recommended top speed with the
cases loaded is 110 mph
(180 km/h). The maximum permissible top speed with
the topcaseOA mounted is
110 mph (180 km/h).
Correct loading
Overloading can impair
the stability of your motorcycle, as can an unbalanced load.
Never exceed the motorcycle’s permissible gross weight
(b 135). Comply with the instructions for loading below.c
• Set spring preload (b 47),
damping characteristic
(b 48) and tire pressures
(b 49) to suit total weight.
• Make sure that the weight is
uniformly distributed
between right and left.
• Pack heavy items at the bottom and toward the inboard
side.
• Max. load in each case (left
and right): 22 lbs (10 kg).
• Max. load in topcase is
11 lbs (5 kg).
5
81
• Press lock barrel 1.
» Lever 2 pops up.
CaseOA
Opening case
• Unlock the case.
» The lock opening is perpendicular to the direction of
travel.
• Pivot lever 2 down.
• Open lid 3.
Accessories
Luggage system
k28_u.book Seite 82 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
• Close lid 3 and press it
down. Check that nothing is
trapped between the lid and
the case.
5
Accessories
82
• Press the key clockwise (left
case) or counter-clockwise
(right case).
Closing case
•
»
•
»
• Pull lever 2 back as far as it
will go.
Push lever 2 down.
The lever engages.
Lock the case.
The lock opening points in
the direction of travel.
Removing case
• Unlock the case.
» The lock opening is perpendicular to the direction of
travel.
» Handle 4 pops out.
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TopcaseOA
Installing topcase
• Lock the topcase.
» The lock opening is horizontal.
• Turn the key clockwise.
• Pull the handle out and then
pull it up as far as it will go.
» The case is released and
can be removed.
Installing case
• Push the case handle down
until it engages.
» The case is correctly
engaged on its holders.
• Lock the case.
» The lock opening points in
the direction of travel.
» Handle 6 pops out.
• Pull the handle up as far as it
will go.
5
83
Accessories
• Unlatch the handle and pull it
up as far as it will go.
• Locate the case in holders 5
and check that it is securely
seated.
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• Push the handle down until it
engages.
» The topcase is correctly
engaged on its carrier.
5
Accessories
84
• Hook the topcase into position on the carrier. Make
sure that hooks 7 are
securely seated in the corresponding keepers 8.
Removing topcase
• Lock the topcase.
» The lock opening is horizontal.
• Turn the key clockwise.
• Lift the topcase at the rear
and pull it off the carrier.
Opening topcase
• Unlock the topcase.
» Handle 6 pops out.
• Pull the handle up as far as it
will go.
» The lock opening is vertical.
k28_u.book Seite 85 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
• Press lock barrel 7.
» Locking lever 8 pops out.
Closing topcase
5
• Fully open the locking lever.
• Open lid 9.
• Fully open locking lever 8.
• Snap the lid of the compartment closed and push it
down. Check that nothing is
trapped between the lid and
the case.
• Push the locking lever down
until it engages.
• Lock the topcase.
» The lock opening is horizontal.
Accessories
85
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5
Accessories
86
k28_u.book Seite 87 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Toolkit ............................................ 89
Engine oil ...................................... 90
6
Brakes ........................................... 91
87
Wheels ........................................... 97
Front-wheel stand ...................... 104
Bulbs ............................................ 105
Jump starting .............................. 110
Battery ......................................... 111
Maintenance
Maintenance
Clutch ............................................ 95
k28_u.book Seite 88 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
6
Maintenance
88
The ’Maintenance’ chapter
describes work involving the
replacement of wear parts that
can be performed with minimum effort.
The types of screws used for
the components concerned
are listed in (b 122). You can
use this chart to set aside the
required tools.
Special tightening torques are
listed as applicable. Threaded
fasteners for which a suitable
tool is included in the toolkit
are marked accordingly.
If you are interested in information on more extensive work,
we recommend the repair
manual on CD-ROM which
applies to your particular
motorcycle. You can obtain a
copy from your authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
k28_u.book Seite 89 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Toolkit
6
The toolkit is underneath the
rear seat.
• Remove the seat (b 43).
• The tools wallet is held in
place by a rubber strap.
Contents of the toolkit:
1 Screwdriver,
reversible blade, with
extension
2 Open-ended wrench,
17 mm
3 TORX® wrenches T25, T45
4 Tool for oil cap
5 Steel cable for helmet
holder
Contents of supplement kitOA:
1 TORX® wrenches T25,
T30, T40, T45, T50
2 Open-ended wrench,
15 mm
3 Screwdriver blade T25
4 Puller tool, direct ignition
coil
5 Socket wrench, 22
6 Spark plug socket wrench
with TORX® wrench as
lever
Maintenance
89
K28_06_wartung_u.fm Seite 90 Donnerstag, 9. Dezember 2004 1:30 13
6
Maintenance
90
Engine oil
Checking engine oil level
Check the oil level at regular
intervals.
The oil level varies with
the temperature of the oil.
The higher the temperature,
the higher the level of oil in the
sump.
Check the engine oil level
immediately after a lengthy
journey.c
Damage to the engine
can result if it is operated
without enough oil, but the
same also applies if the oil level is too high. Always make
sure that the oil level is correct.c
The engine can seize if
the oil level is low, and
this can lead to accidents.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.c
Checking the oil level
with the engine cold or
after no more than a short ride
will lead to misinterpretation;
this in turn, means that the engine will be operated with the
incorrect quantity of oil.
In order to ensure that the engine oil level is read correctly,
check the oil level only after a
lengthy trip.c
• With the motorcycle at operating temperature, hold it
vertically or place it on the
center stand and make sure
that the ground is firm and
level.
• Wait 5 minutes after switching off the engine.
• Check the oil level in sight
glass.
In the case of a motorcycle without a center
stand, obtain assistance from
another person when reading
the oil level.c
The oil level must be located
between the MIN and MAX
marks. The difference is
approx. 0.53 quart (0.5 liters).
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To prevent damage to
the engine, do not exceed the maximum oil level.c
Topping up engine oil
If the oil level is below the MIN
mark:
• Using the tool from the toolkit, remove the filler plug.
The red general warning
light in conjunction with
the engine oil pressure warning indicate the lack of or insufficient oil pressure in the lubricating oil circuit. They in no
way fulfill the function of an oil
level sensor.
When the oil pressure has built
up 1 to 2 seconds after starting the engine, the engine oilpressure warning light
(b 25) and the red general
warning light (b 27) must go
out.c
Brakes
A properly functioning brake
system is a basic requirement
for the road safety of your
motorcycle.
Incorrect working practices endanger the reliability of the brakes. Have all
work on the brake system carried out by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.c
Do not ride the motorcycle if
you have any doubts about the
dependability of the brake system. In this case:
• Have the brake system
checked by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer.
6
91
Maintenance
• Top up the engine oil.
• Using the tool from the toolkit, hand-tighten the filler
plug.
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6
Maintenance
92
Checking brakes
• Switch on the ignition.
• Wait for the ABS self-diagnosis to complete.
• Pull the handbrake lever.
» The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
» In the case of BMW Integral
ABS, the hydraulic pump
must be heard to run.
• Press the footbrake lever.
» The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
» In the case of BMW Integral
ABS, the hydraulic pump
must be heard to run.
In order to ensure the dependability of the brake system, do
not permit the brake pads to
wear past the minimum permissible thickness.c
Checking front brake pad
thickness
• Make sure the ground is
level and firm and place the
motorcycle on its center
stand or side stand.
Brake pads
Brake pads worn past the
minimum permissible
thickness can impair braking
efficiency and under certain
circumstances they can cause
damage to the brake system.
• Visually inspect the left and
right brake pads to ascertain
their thickness.
Slots are provided in the brake
pads as wear markings 1. If the
brake pads are worn to such
an extent that the wear markings are no longer clearly
visible:
• Have the brake pads
replaced by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer.
k28_u.book Seite 93 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Checking rear brake pad
thickness
6
• Make sure the ground is
level and firm and place the
motorcycle on its center
stand or side stand.
• Visually inspect the brake
pads from the left to ascertain their thickness.
Make sure that the brake disk
is not visible through bore 1 in
the inboard brake pad. If the
brake disk is visible:
• Have the brake pads
replaced immediately, preferably by an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
Wear indicator, brake pads 2
Wear indicator 2 indicates the
condition of the rear brake
pads. The number of rings visible is a measure of residual
brake-pad thickness:
Maintenance
93
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6
Maintenance
94
– 3 rings: at least 75 %
– 2 rings: at least 50 %
– 1 ring: 50 to 25 %
– No rings visible:
Check brake-pad thickness;
replace the brake pads if necessary.
Checking brake fluid
level
Changing the position of
the brake-fluid reservoir
can allow air to penetrate the
brake system.
Do not turn the handlebar fitting on the handlebar.c
1 Brake-fluid reservoir, front
2 MIN mark
3 Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
4 MIN mark
• Hold the motorcycle vertically or place it on the center
stand, ensuring that the
ground is firm and level.
• Place the handlebars in a
straight ahead position.
• Read off the brake fluid level
at the reservoir.
• Check brake fluid level
through inspection opening
A in the right-hand side panels.
k28_u.book Seite 95 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
The brake fluid level must not
fall below the MIN mark. If the
brake fluid level falls below the
MIN mark:
Vehicles with ABS
Clutch
The brake fluid level remains constant despite
wear of the brake pads.c
Checking operation
Air can get into the brake
system if there is insufficient brake fluid in the brakefluid reservoir. This leads to a
considerable decrease in
braking performance.
Brake with foresight and
caution, and avoid heavy
braking.c
If the brake fluid level falls even above the MIN mark this indicates a defect in the
brake system.
In the event of brake pad
wear, the brake fluid level
in the brake-fluid reservoir
falls.c
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow
air to penetrate the brake system. This significantly reduces
braking efficiency.
Think well ahead and brake
carefully; avoid severe braking.c
• Pull the clutch lever.
» The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
Do not ride the motorcycle if
you have any doubts about the
dependability of the clutch. In
this case:
• Have the clutch checked by
a specialist workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
6
95
Maintenance
• Have the fault remedied as
quickly as possible by a certified workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW motorcycle retailer.
Vehicles without ABS
k28_u.book Seite 96 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
6
Maintenance
96
Check clutch fluid level
• Have the fault rectified as
soon as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
If the position of the
clutch fluid reservoir is
changed, air can enter the
clutch system.
Do not turn the handlebar fitting on the handlebar.c
• Hold the motorcycle vertically or place it on the center
stand, ensuring that the
ground is firm and level.
• Place the handlebars in a
straight ahead position.
• Read off the clutch fluid level
at the reservoir.
The fluid level in the reservoir falls as the clutch
wears.c
1 Clutch fluid reservoir
2 MIN mark
The clutch fluid level must not
fall below the MIN mark. If the
fluid level falls below the MIN
mark, the clutch system must
be checked immediately.
If the clutch fluid level falls even above the MIN mark this indicates a defect in the
clutch system.
Unsuitable hydraulic fluids could cause damage
to the clutch system.
No fluids may be filled.c
The clutch system is filled
with a special hydraulic
fluid that does not require
changing.c
k28_u.book Seite 97 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
For each size of tire BMW
Motorrad tests certain makes,
and approves those that it certifies as roadworthy.
If BMW Motorrad has not
approved the wheels and tires,
it cannot assess their suitability or provide any guarantee of
road safety. Use only wheels
and tires approved by BMW
Motorrad for your type of
motorcycle.
You can obtain detailed information from your authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer or by
visiting
www.bmw-motorrad.com on
the Internet
Checking rims
• Make sure the ground is
level and firm and place the
motorcycle on its center
stand or side stand.
• Visually inspect the rims for
defects.
• Have damaged rims
checked and, if necessary,
replaced by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer.
Have the tires changed in
good time before they wear to
the minimum permissible tread
depth.c
Checking tire tread depth
Tires have wear indicators integrated into the
main tread grooves. If the tire
tread has worn down to the
level of the marks, the tire is
completely worn. The locations of the marks are indicated on the edge of the tire, e.g.
by the letters TI, TWI or by an
arrow.c
Do not allow the tires to wear
past the minimum depth permitted by law in the country of
use.
• Measure the tire tread depth
only in the main tread
grooves with wear indicating
marks.
Your motorcycle's handling and grip can be impaired even before the tires
wear to the minimum tire tread
depth permitted by law.
6
97
Maintenance
Wheels
k28_u.book Seite 98 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
6
Maintenance
98
Removing front wheel
You will find an overview
of the types of screws
used on (b 122).c
There is a risk of damaging parts of the front
brakes, particularly the
BMW Integral ABS, in the
course of the procedure described below.
Take care not to damage the
brake system, in particular the
ABS sensor with cable and the
ABS sensor ring. c
• Place the motorcycle on its
center stand.
• Remove screws 1 from the
front mudguard on left and
right.
• Pull the front mudguard forward to remove, spreading
the sides slightly apart at the
same time.
• Force brake pads in brake
caliper 3 slightly apart by
rocking them back and forth
A against the brake disks 4.
• Remove securing screws 2
of the left and right brake calipers.
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is a
risk of the brake pads being
pressed together to the extent
that they cannot be slipped
back over the brake disk on
reassembly.
Do not operate the handbrake
lever when the brake calipers
have been removed.c
k28_u.book Seite 99 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
When the motorcycle is
standing on its center
stand: if the motorcycle is
raised too far at the front the
center stand will lift clear of the
ground and the motorcycle
could topple to one side.
When raising the motorcycle,
make sure that the center
stand remains on the
ground.c
• Raise the front of the motorcycle until the front wheel
can rotate freely. We recommend using the BMW Motorrad front wheel stand (b
104) for this purpose.
6
99
Maintenance
• Remove axle clamping
screw 5.
• Remove quick-release
axle 6, while supporting the
wheel.
• Mask off the parts of the
wheel rim that could be
scratched in the process of
removing the brake calipers.
• Pull the brake calipers back
and out until clear of the
brake disks.
• Lower the front wheel to the
ground between the front
forks.
• Roll the front wheel forward
to remove.
k28_u.book Seite 100 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
6
Installing front wheel
Maintenance
The types of screw
used are listed, complete
100
with tightening torques, on
(b 122).c
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the security of the
fasteners checked by a specialist workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer.c
There is a risk of damaging parts of the front
brake, particularly the
BMW Integral ABS, in the
course of the procedure described below.
Take care not to damage the
brake system, in particular the
ABS sensor with cable and the
AMS sensor ring.c
The front wheel must be
installed right way round
to rotate in the correct direction.
Note the direction-of-rotation
arrows on the tire and the
wheel rim.c
• Roll the front wheel into the
front forks.
• Raise the front wheel, install
the quick-release axle 6 and
tighten to 50 Nm.
• Tighten axle clamping
screw 5 to 19 Nm.
• Remove the front wheel
stand.
• Ease the brake calipers on to
the brake disks.
k28_u.book Seite 101 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
The cable of the ABS
sensor could chafe
through if it comes into contact with the brake disk.
Make sure that ABS sensor
cable 7 is routed correctly.c
• Install securing screws 2 for
the left and right brake calipers and tighten to 30 Nm.
The front brakes have to be
operated a few times to bed
the brake pads against the
brake disks.
• Switch on the ignition.
• Wait for ABS self-diagnosis
to complete (b 57).
• Firmly pull the handbrake
lever a number of times, until
the pressure point is perceptible.
Braking efficiency is impaired if the brake pads
are not correctly bedded
against the disks.
Before riding off, check that
the brake pads are correctly
bedded against the disks.c
6
101
Maintenance
• Install the mudguard and
tighten securing screws 1.
• Remove the adhesive tape
from the wheel rim.
k28_u.book Seite 102 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
6
102
Removing rear wheel
• Remove studs 3 from the
rear wheel, while supporting
the wheel.
The types of screw used
are listed on (b 122).c
Maintenance
• Place the motorcycle on its
center stand.
• Remove screw 2 for the
bracket of the end muffler
from the rear footrest.
• Lower the rear wheel to the
ground.
• Roll the rear wheel out
toward the rear.
• Slacken clamp 1 on the
muffler.
Installing rear wheel
• Turn the end muffler out.
• Engage first gear.
The types of screw used
are listed, complete with
tightening torques, on
(b 122).c
k28_u.book Seite 103 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
• Install rear-wheel studs 3
and tighten in diagonally
opposite sequence to
60 Nm.
• Turn the end muffler to its initial position.
• Roll the rear wheel into position at the rear wheel hub.
• Lift the rear wheel onto the
rear wheel hub.
• Install screw 2 for the
bracket of the end muffler in
the rear footrest, but do not
tighten it at this point.
6
103
Maintenance
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the security of the
fasteners checked, preferably
an authorized BMW motorcycle retailer.c
A lack of clearance between the rear wheel and
the end muffler can result in
damage to the rear wheel.
The clearance between rear
wheel and end muffler is correct when the handle of screwdriver from the onboard toolkit
can be slipped between the
two.c
k28_u.book Seite 104 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
• Tighten screw 2 for the
bracket of the end muffler in
the rear footrest to 19 Nm.
6
Maintenance
104
Fitting front-wheel stand
Front-wheel stand
• Align the clamp 1 on the end
muffler on the marking A on
the upper side of the muffler
pipe and tighten it to 55 Nm.
A front-wheel stand for simple,
safe changing of the front
wheel is available from
BMW Motorrad. The BMW
special tool number is 363971
and the front-wheel stand is
available from your authorized
BMW motorcycle retailer.
You also need the adapters
with the BMW special tool
number 363972.
• Place the motorcycle on its
center stand.
• Slacken adjusting screws 1.
• Push pins 2 apart until the
front suspension fits
between them.
• Use locating pins 3 to set the
front-wheel stand to the
desired height.
• Center the front-wheel stand
relative to the front wheel
and push it against the front
axle.
K28_06_wartung_u.fm Seite 105 Donnerstag, 9. Dezember 2004 1:32 13
• Push the two mounts 2
inward so that front wheel
can still roll through between
them.
• Tighten adjusting screws 1.
When the motorcycle is
standing on its center
stand: if the motorcycle is
raised too far at the front the
center stand will lift clear of the
ground and the motorcycle
could topple to one side.
When raising the motorcycle,
make sure that the center
stand remains on the
ground.c
Bulbs
Information on bulbs
6
The 'bulb defect' symbol
105
appears in the display if a bulb
is defective. If the brake or rear
light fails, the symbol is
accompanied by the general
warning light, which lights up
yellow.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because it is easier for other users to oversee you and your
motorcycle. Replace defective
bulbs as soon as possible; always carry a complete set of
spare bulbs if possible.c
You will find an overview
of the types of bulb used
on (b 134).c
Maintenance
• Apply uniform pressure to
push the front-wheel stand
down and raise the motorcycle.
k28_u.book Seite 106 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers. Use a clean, dry cloth to
106 hold the bulbs when handling
them. Dirt deposits, in particular oil and grease, interfere
with heat radiation from the
bulb. This leads to overheating
and shortens the bulb’s operating life.c
Maintenance
6
Replacing headlight
bulbs
Wear protective goggles and
gloves when changing
bulbs.c
Turn the handlebars
to the left to facilitate
access.c
The following description of
the lower headlight also
applies to the upper one.
• Switch off the ignition.
• Disconnect plug 3.
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is steady on its stand.c
The bulb is pressurized
and can cause injury if
damaged.
• Remove cover 1 by pulling
on lower lever 2 (upper
headlight: lever points
toward right).
• Disengage spring clip 4 at
top and bottom and secure it
(preferably by hooking it into
the headlight housing).
K28_06_wartung_u.fm Seite 107 Donnerstag, 9. Dezember 2004 1:32 13
• When installing, make sure
that lug 6 is pointing up and
that the bulb is securely
seated.
• Check that the bulb is corrected seated (by looking in
through the headlight lens).
6
Replacing side light bulb
• Remove bulb 5.
Installation is the reverse of the
removal procedure.
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is steady on its stand.c
• Pull the bulb socket 1 out of
the headlight housing.
The side light bulb is located in
the housing of the lower headlight.
• Switch off the ignition.
• Remove bulb 2 from the bulb
holder.
Maintenance
107
k28_u.book Seite 108 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Installation is the reverse of the
removal procedure.
• Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
108
the new bulb.
Maintenance
6
• Remove screws 1 on left and
right.
Replacing brake light and
rear light bulbs
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is steady on its stand.c
• Switch off the ignition.
• Remove the rear seat (b 43).
• Turn bulb holder 3 counterclockwise to remove it from
the bulb housing.
• Press the bulb into its socket
and turn it counter-clockwise to remove.
Installation is the reverse of the
removal procedure.
• Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the new bulb.
• Pull off the bulb housing 2
toward the rear.
Replacing front turn
indicator bulb
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is steady on its stand.c
• Switch off the ignition.
k28_u.book Seite 109 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Replacing rear turn
indicator bulb
6
• Remove screw 1.
• Turn bulb holder 2 counterclockwise to remove it from
the bulb housing.
• Remove the bulb 3 from the
bulb holder.
• Switch off the ignition.
Installation is the reverse of the
removal procedure.
• Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the new bulb.
• Pull off the turn indicator
glass to the side.
• Remove screw 1.
Maintenance
If it is not standing firmly, 109
the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is steady on its stand.c
k28_u.book Seite 110 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Installation is the reverse of the
removal procedure.
• Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the new bulb.
6
110
Maintenance
Jump starting
• Remove turn indicator
glass 2.
• Press the bulb into its socket
and turn it counter-clockwise to remove.
The wires leading to the
power socket do not
have a load-capacity rating
adequate for jump-starting the
engine. Excessively high current can lead to a cable fire or
damage to the vehicle electronics.
Do not use the onboard socket to jump-start the engine.c
Do not use proprietary
start-assist sprays or
other products to start the
engine.c
A short-circuit can result
if the crocodile clips of
the jump leads are accidentally brought into contact with the
motorcycle.
Use only jump leads fitted with
fully insulated crocodile clips
at both ends.c
Jump-starting with a donor-battery voltage higher than 12 V can damage the
vehicle electronics.
Make sure that the battery of
the donor vehicle has a voltage rating of 12 V.c
• When jump-starting the
engine, do not disconnect
the battery from the onboard
electrical system.
k28_u.book Seite 111 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
• Remove seats and driver's
seat bracket (b 43).
• Run the engine of the donor
vehicle during jump-starting.
• Begin by connecting one
end of the red jump lead to
the positive terminal of the
discharged battery and the
other end to the positive terminal of the donor battery.
• Then connect one end of the
black jump lead to the negative terminal of the donor
•
•
•
Touching live parts of the
ignition system with the
engine running can cause
111
electric shock.
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine is
running.c
6
Battery
Maintenance instructions
Your motorcycle is supplied
with a maintenance-free
battery.
Correct upkeep, recharging
and storage will prolong the
life of the battery and are
essential if warranty claims are
to be considered.
Compliance with the points
below is important in order to
maximize battery life:
Maintenance
•
battery, and the other end to
the negative terminal of the
discharged battery.
Start the engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery in the usual way; if the
engine does not start, wait a
few minutes before repeating the attempt in order to
protect the starter and the
donor battery.
Allow both engines to idle for
a few minutes before disconnecting the jump leads.
Disconnect the jump lead
from the negative terminals
first, then disconnect the
second lead from the positive terminals.
Reinstall the seats.
k28_u.book Seite 112 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
– Keep the surface of the battery clean and dry.
– Do not open the battery.
112 – Be sure to read and comply
with the instructions for
charging the battery on the
following pages.
– Do not turn the battery
upside down.
Maintenance
6
If the battery is not disconnected, the onboard
electronics (e.g. clock, etc.)
will gradually drain the battery.
This can cause the battery
to run flat. If this happens,
warranty claims will not be
accepted.
During periods when the motorcycle is not being used, of
more than four weeks, disconnect the battery from the motorcycle or connect a trickle
charger to the battery.c
BMW Motorrad has developed a trickle-charger
specially designed for compatibility with the electronics of
your motorcycle. Using this
charger, you can keep the battery charged during long periods of disuse, without having
to disconnect the battery from
the motorcycle's onboard systems. More information is
available on request from your
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer.c
Charging connected
battery
If the indicator lights do not
light up and the multifunction
display remains blank when
you switch on the ignition, the
battery is completely flat.
• Do not attempt to recharge a
completely flat battery via
the onboard socket; instead,
disconnect the battery from
the onboard system and
connect the charger directly
to the battery terminals.
• Comply with the operating
instructions of the charger.
Attempting to charge a
completely flat battery via
the onboard socket can cause
damage to the motorcycle's
electronics.
If the battery is completely flat
it must always be recharged
directly at the terminals.c
Your authorized BMW
motorcycle retailer will be
happy to provide information
on suitable chargers.c
k28_u.book Seite 113 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
• If electrical accessories are
connected to a second
onboard socketOE, disconnect them before connecting
the charger.
• Switch on the ignition.
• Plug the charger into the
onboard socket. Comply
with the operating instructions of the charger.
• Switch off the ignition.
The motorcycle's onboard electronics know
when the battery is fully
charged. The onboard socket
is switched off when this happens.c
If you are unable to
charge the battery via the
power socket, you may be using a charger that is not compatible with your motorcycle's
electronics. If this happens,
disconnect the battery from
the onboard systems and connect the charger directly to the
battery.c
Charging disconnected
battery
The battery has to be recharged at regular intervals in the course of a lengthy
period of disuse.
See the instructions for caring
for your battery. Always fully
recharge the battery before restoring it to use.c
• Charge the battery using a
suitable charger.
• Comply with the operating
instructions of the charger.
• Once the battery is fully
charged, disconnect the
charger terminal clips from
the battery terminals.
Removing battery
The types of screw used
are listed on (b 122).c
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is steady on its stand.c
• Switch off the ignition.
6
113
Maintenance
If the battery is only partially
discharged, it can be recharged via the onboard
socket.
k28_u.book Seite 114 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is steady on its stand.c
6
Maintenance
114
• Remove driver's seat mount 1
upward.
• Remove screw 4.
• Lift the battery up and out;
work it slightly back and forth
if it is difficult to remove.
Installing battery
The types of screw
used are listed, complete
with tightening torques, on
(b 122).c
• Disconnect the battery's
negative lead 2 first.
• Then disconnect the battery's positive lead 3.
• Switch off the ignition.
• Insert the battery into the
battery compartment, with
the positive terminal on the
right in the direction of travel.
• Push retaining hoop over
battery and tighten screw 4
hand-tight.
• Install positive lead 3 first
and hand-tighten the screw.
• Then install negative lead 2
and hand-tighten the screw.
• Switch on the ignition.
Remember to reset the
clock after reconnecting
the battery.c
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Cleaning and care ..................... 116
Storing ......................................... 118
7
Restoring to use ......................... 119
115
Care
Care
K28_07_pflege_u.fm Seite 116 Donnerstag, 9. Dezember 2004 1:36 13
7
Cleaning and care
Care
Regular cleaning, using the
116 correct methods, is an important factor in maintaining the
value of your motorcycle. It
also ensures that safety-relevant parts remain in full working order.
Care products
We recommend that you use
the cleaning and care products you can obtain from your
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer. The materials in BMW
Care Products have been
tested in laboratories and in
practice; they provide optimized care and protection for
the materials used in your
vehicle.
The use of unsuitable
cleaning and care products can damage vehicle components.
Do not use solvents such as
cellulose thinners, cold cleaners, fuel or the like, and do not
use cleaning products that
contain alcohol.c
months.
To remove road salt, wash the
motorcycle down immediately
with cold water at the end of
the journey.
Washing motorcycle
Wet brake discs reduce
braking efficiency.
After washing the motorcycle,
dry the brakes by braking.c
We recommend that you use
BMW insect remover to soften
and wash off insects and stubborn dirt on painted parts prior
to washing the motorcycle. To
prevent stains, do not wash
the motorcycle immediately
after it has been exposed to
strong sunlight and do not
wash it in the sun.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is washed frequently, especially during the winter
Warm water intensifies
the effect of salt.
Only use cold water to
remove road salt.c
The high water pressure
of steam jet cleaners can
damage gaskets, the hydraulic
brake system and the electrical equipment.
Do not use a steam jet or highpressure cleaning equipment.c
k28_u.book Seite 117 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Clean plastic parts with water
and BMW plastic care emulsion. This includes in particular:
– Windshields
– Headlight lens made of
plastic
– Covering glass of the instrument cluster
– Black, unpainted parts
If plastic parts are
cleaned using unsuitable
cleaning agents, the surfaces
can be damaged.
Do not use cleaning agents
that contain alcohol, solvents
or abrasives to clean plastic
parts. Even fly-remover pads
or cleaning pads with hard
surfaces can produce
scratches.c
Soften stubborn dirt and
dead insects by covering
the affected areas with a wet
cloth.c
Windshield
Clean off dirt and insects with
a soft sponge and plenty of
water.
Fuel and chemical solvents attack the windshield.
Do not use detergent products.c
Chrome
Especially in the case of road
salt, carefully clean chrome
with plenty of water and BMW
vehicle shampoo. Use chrome
polish for additional treatment.
Paint care
7
Washing the motorcycle regularly will help counteract the
117
long-term effects of substances that damage the
paint, especially if your motorcycle is ridden in areas with
high air pollution or natural
sources of dirt, e.g. tree resin
or pollen.
However, remove particularly
aggressive materials immediately; otherwise changes in
the paint or discoloration can
occur. These include spilt fuel,
oil, grease, brake fluid and bird
droppings. BMW vehicle polish or BMW paint cleaner are
recommended here.
Care
Plastics
k28_u.book Seite 118 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Contamination on the paint finish is particularly easy to see
after the motorcycle as been
118 washed. Remove stains of this
kind immediately using cleaning-grade benzene or petroleum spirit on a clean cloth or
ball of cotton wool. We recommend that specks of tar be
removed with BMW tar
remover. Then add a protective wax coating to the paint at
these locations.
Care
7
Protective wax coating
For the protective wax coating
of paint, we recommend that
you use only BMW vehicle wax
or agents that contain carnauba wax or synthetic waxes.
The best way to see whether
the paint has to be protected
is that water no longer forms
pearls.
Touching up
Rubber
Your authorized BMW motorcycle retailer is equipped with
suitable systems for rapid and
low-cost correction of minor
paint damage. We recommend that minor paintwork
flaws be rectified with a BMW
paint spray or a BMW paint
pencil and larger paint damage be dealt with at your
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer by a specialized repair
paint job carried out in accordance with works specifications with original
BMW paints.
Treat rubber components with
water or BMW rubber protection coating agent.
Using silicone sprays for
the care of rubber seals
can cause damage.
Do not use silicone sprays or
other care products that contain silicone.c
Storing
• Clean the motorcycle
(b 116).
• Remove the battery (b 113).
• Spray the brake and clutch
lever pivots and the center
and side stand pivots with a
suitable lubricant.
k28_u.book Seite 119 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Before laying the vehicle
up out of use, have the
engine oil and the oil filter element changed by a specialist
workshop, preferably your authorized BMW motorcycle retailer. Combine work for storing/restoring to use with a
maintenance service or inspection.c
Restoring to use
• Remove the protective wax
coating.
• Clean the motorcycle
(b 116).
• Install a charged battery
(b 114).
• Perform the safety checks
(b 54).
• Check the brakes (b 92).
• Check the tire pressures
(b 49).
7
119
Care
• Coat bright metal/chromeplated parts with an acidfree grease (e.g. Vaseline).
• Place the motorcycle on its
center stand in a dry room.
• Raise the engine with the
front-wheel stand in such a
way that both wheels are
clear of the ground.
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7
Care
120
k28_u.book Seite 121 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Threaded fasteners .................... 122
Tire pressures ............................. 124
8
Engine ......................................... 125
121
Frame and suspension .............. 127
Wheels and tires ......................... 129
Fuel and lubricants .................... 130
Electrical system ........................ 133
Dimensions and weights ........... 135
Riding specifications ................ 136
Technical data
Technical data
Power transmission ................... 126
k28_u.book Seite 122 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
8
Threaded fasteners
Type of threaded fastener
Tightening
torque
Mudguard
Internal TORX® T25 (1)
hand-tight
Brake caliper
Internal TORX® T45
30 Nm
Quick-release axle
Allen screw, 22 mm
50 Nm
Axle clamping screw
Internal TORX® T45
19 Nm
Activity
122
Technical data
Front wheel
Rear wheel
End muffler to footrest
Internal TORX® T45
19 Nm
Exhaust clip
Hex head 15
55 Nm
Studs for rear wheel
Internal TORX® T50
60 Nm
Bulb housing
Brake and rear light
Internal TORX® T25 (1)
hand-tight
Front turn indicators
Phillips screw, large (1)
hand-tight
Rear turn signals
Phillips screw, small (1)
hand-tight
k28_u.book Seite 123 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Threaded fasteners
Activity
Type of threaded fastener
Tightening
torque
8
123
Battery-terminal clamps
External hexagon, 10 mm, or
slotted head screw, large (1)
hand-tight
Securing bracket
Internal TORX® T20
hand-tight
Internal TORX® T25 (1)
hand-tight
Splash guard
Splash guard
(1) in the toolkit
Technical data
Battery
k28_u.book Seite 124 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
8
Tire pressures
Technical data
124 Tire pressures measured when tires are cold.
Accessories and loads
Front
Rear
One-up
31.9 psi (2.2 bar)
36.3 psi (2.5 bar)
One-up with luggage
36.3 psi (2.5 bar)
42 psi (2.9 bar)
Two-up (with luggage)
36.3 psi (2.5 bar)
42 psi (2.9 bar)
k28_u.book Seite 125 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Engine
8
Type
Four-stroke opposed-twin engine
Displacement
1,170 cc
Bore/stroke
3.98/2.87 in (101/73 mm)
Compression ratio
12.0 : 1
Power output
Maximum rated output
- at engine speed
81 kW
7,500 rpm
Torque
Max. torque
- at engine speed
115 Nm
6,000 rpm
Engine speeds
Engine speed, maximum
Idle speed
8,000 rpm
1,050 + 50 rpm
Consumption
Fuel consumption at constant 56 mph (90 km/h) 63.6 mpg (3.7 l/100 km)
Fuel consumption at constant 75 mph (120 km/h) 46 mpg (5.1 l/100 km)
Maximum permissible oil consumption
1.7 quart/1,000 miles (1 l/1,000 km)
125
Technical data
Engine
k28_u.book Seite 126 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
8
Power transmission
Clutch
126
Type
Single dry plate with high-leverage pressure
plate
Technical data
Transmission
Type
Overall ratios
6-speed transmission with dog-clutch engagement mechanism and integral vibration damper
1st gear = 2.277
2nd gear = 1.583
3rd gear = 1.259
4th gear = 1.033
5th gear = 0.903
6th gear = 0.805
Rear-wheel drive
Transmission from transmission to rear-wheel
drive
Universal shaft with integrated torsional
damper
Rear-wheel drive
Bevel gears
Final drive ratio
2.62 : 1
k28_u.book Seite 127 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Frame and suspension
8
Type
Tubular steel front frame with tubular steel rear
frame, load-bearing drive unit
Location of type plate
Rear frame lug on right under rear seat
Location of vehicle identification number (VIN)
Front frame, top center
Front brake
Type
Two floating brake disks
with 4-piston fixed calipers
Brake pads
Sintered metal brake pads
Rear brake
Type
One fixed brake disk
with 2-piston floating caliper
Brake pads
Organic brake pads (OE sintered metal)
Front suspension
Type
BMW Telelever
Steering lock angle
2 x 42o
Front wheel castor in normal-load position
4.4 in (111.6 mm)
Rear suspension
Type
BMW Evo Paralever
127
Technical data
Frame
k28_u.book Seite 128 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
8
Frame and suspension
Front suspension system
128 Type
Technical data
Spring travel (bump)
Spring travel (rebound)
Total suspension travel (at wheel)
Central spring strut with coil spring
and single-tube, gas-filled shock absorber
2.4 in (60 mm)
2 in (50 mm)
4.3 in (110 mm)
Rear suspension system
Type
Central spring strut with single-tube, gas-filled
shock absorber, steplessly adjustable
rebound-stage damping, distance-dependent
press stage damping and hydraulic steplessly
adjustable spring preloading
Spring travel (bump)
3.9 in (100 mm)
Spring travel (rebound)
Total suspension travel (at wheel)
1.6 in (40 mm)
5.5 in (140 mm)
k28_u.book Seite 129 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Wheels and tires
8
Type
Cast wheel with 5 double spokes, MT H2
Rim size
3.50 x 17“
Tire size
120/70 ZR17
Rear wheel
Type
Cast wheel with 5 double spokes, MT H2
Rim size
5.50 x 17“
Tire size
180/55 ZR17
129
Technical data
Front wheel
k28_u.book Seite 130 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
8
Fuel and lubricants
Engine oil
Technical data
130 Oil grade
Capacity (with filter change)
Brand-name HD oil of API classification SF, SG
or SH; CD or CE amendments are permissible;
or brand-name HD oil of CCMC classification
G4 or G5; amendment PD2 is permissible.
4.2 quarts (4.0 l)
Capacity (without filter change)
3.9 quarts (3.7 l)
Top-up volume between MIN and MAX
0.5 quart (0.5 l)
BMW recommends Castrol
k28_u.book Seite 131 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Fuel and lubricants
8
-4 °F – 50 °F (-20 °C – 10 °C)
131
SAE 20
32 ° F – 86 °F (0 °C – 30 °C)
SAE 30
68 °F (20 °C) – above 86 °F (30 °C)
SAE 40
14 °F (-10 °C) – above 86 °F (30 °C)
SAE 20 W-50
5 °F (-15 °C) – above 86 °F (30 °C)
SAE 15 W-50
5 °F – 86 °F (-15 °C – 30 °C)
SAE 15 W-40
-4 °F – 68 °F (-20 °C – 20 °C)
SAE 10 W-40
-4 °F – 50 °F (-20 °C – 10 °C)
SAE 10 W-30
Oil additives are not necessary.
Technical data
Viscosity classes depending on outside temperature
k28_u.book Seite 132 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
8
Fuel and lubricants
Transmission oil
Technical data
132 Grade
Capacity
SAE 90 GL5
0.7 quart (0.7 l)
Fuel
Fuel grade
Premium grade unleaded fuel,
minimum octane content 98 (RON)
Capacity of fuel tank
5.5 gal (21 l)
Reserve volume
Of that 1 gal (4 l)
Brakes
Brake fluid
DOT 4
We recommend BMW brake fluid
k28_u.book Seite 133 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Electrical system
8
Battery
Type
12 V/14 Ah AGM battery, maintenance-free
133
Spark plugs
BOSCH YR5LDE
Electrode gap
0.0315 in (0.8 mm)
Wear limit
0.0394 in (1.0 mm)
Fuses
All circuits are electronically protected, so
plug-in fuses are not necessary. If an electronic
fuse trips and de-energizes a circuit, the circuit
is active as soon as the ignition is switched on
after the fault has been rectified.
Technical data
Spark plugs
k28_u.book Seite 134 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
8
Electrical system
Bulbs
Technical data
134 Headlight type
High-beam headlight
Dual headlight with free-form technology
H4 halogen bulb 12 V 55 W
Low-beam headlight
H4 halogen bulb 12 V 55 W
Side lights
12 V 5 W
Brake/rear light
12 V 21/5W
Front turn signals
12 V 21 W
Rear flashing turn signals
12 V 10 W
License plate light
12 V 5 W (integrated in rear-light unit)
Power socket
Ratings
12 V 5 A
k28_u.book Seite 135 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Dimensions and weights
8
Maximum length
85 in (2,165 mm)
Maximum width
29.5 in (750 mm)
Maximum height:
Windshield retracted
Windshield extended
48 in (1,220 mm)
49 in (1,255 mm)
Seat height
31.89 in/32.68 in (810 mm/830 mm)
Wheelbase in normal-load position
59.1 in (1,502 mm)
Ground clearance in normal-load position
6.1 in (155 mm)
Weights
Unladen weight (ready for road, fuel tank full)
505 lbs (229 kg)
Maximum payload
509 lbs (231 kg)
Permissible gross weight
1,014 lbs (460 kg)
135
Technical data
Dimensions
k28_u.book Seite 136 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
8
Riding specifications
Speeds
Technical data
136 Top speed
Acceleration 0-100 km/h
over 124 mph (200 km/h)
3.5 s
Noises
Riding noise to EU specification
80 dB (A)
Stationary noise to EU specification
87 dB (A) at 3,750 rpm
k28_u.book Seite 137 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
BMW Motorrad service .............. 138
Confirmation of maintenance
work ............................................. 141
9
137
Service
Service
Confirmation of service ............. 145
k28_u.book Seite 138 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
9
BMW Motorrad service
BMW Motorrad service
Service
138 quality
BMW Motorrad stands not only
for good handling and a high
degree of reliability, but also for
an excellent quality of service.
To ensure that your BMW is
always in optimum condition, we
recommend that you have the
regular maintenance work
required for your motorcycle
carried out, preferably by your
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer. For generous treatment
of claims submitted after the
warranty period has expired, evidence of regular maintenance is
essential.
In addition, certain signs of wear
may otherwise not be noticed
until it is too late to put them right
at moderate cost. Your autho-
rized BMW motorcycle retailer
knows every detail of your
motorcycle and can take remedial action if necessary before
minor faults develop into serious
problems. By having the necessary repairs done properly and in
good time, you save time and
money in the long run.
BMW Motorrad Service
Card – On-the-spot breakdown assistance
With all new BMW motorcycles,
the BMW Motorrad Service Card
protects you in the event of a
breakdown with an extensive
range of services such as breakdown assistance, motorcycle
transportation etc. (differing regulations are possible in individual
countries).
In the event of a breakdown,
contact BMW Motorrad’s Mobile
Service. Here you will find our
specialists ready to help in both
word and deed.
Important country-specific contact addresses and the relevant
after-sales service organization
phone numbers as well as information on Mobile Service and
the dealership network can be
found in the "Service Kontakt /
Service Contact" brochures.
BMW Motorrad service
network
Our extensive after-sales service
organization network is able to
look after you and your motorcycle in more than 100 countries.
In Germany alone, you have the
best possible access to approximately 200 authorized BMW
motorcycle retailers.
k28_u.book Seite 139 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
You will be given the relevant
brochure for your country
together with your motorcycle;
you can obtain both brochures
from your authorized BMW
motorcycle retailer.
Maintenance work
Some maintenance tasks have to
be performed after a certain time,
others depend on the distance
covered by the motorcycle.
BMW Running-in Check
The BMW running-in check has
to be performed when the
motorcycle has covered
between 300 and 750 miles
(500 km and 1,200 km).
BMW Annual Inspection
Some maintenance work has to
be carried out at least once a
year. Other tasks depend on the
distance the motorcycle has
covered.
BMW Service
After the first 6,000 miles
(10,000 km) and every further
12,000 miles (20,000 km)
(18,000 miles, 30,000 miles,
42,000 miles) (30,000 km,
50,000 km, 70,000 km, etc.) if
this distance is covered within a
year.
BMW Inspection
After the first 12,000 miles
(20,000 km) and every further
12,000 miles (20,000 km)
(24,000 miles, 36,000 miles,
48,000 miles) (40,000 km,
60,000 km, 80,000 km, etc.) if
this distance is covered within a
139
year.
9
Maintenance schedules
The maintenance schedule for
your motorcycle depends on the
equipment fitted, and on the
motorcycle’s age and the distance it has covered. Your
authorized BMW motorcycle
retailer will be happy to supply a
copy of the current maintenance
schedule for your motorcycle on
request.
Every authorized BMW
motorcycle retailer has a
fixed scale of charges based on
labor times and carefully calculated hourly rates. Fuel, lubricants and similar substances, filters, gaskets etc. are charged
separately.c
Service
All information concerning the
international dealership network
can be found in the brochure
"Service Contact Europe" or
"Service Contact Africa,
America, Asia, Australia,
Oceania".
k28_u.book Seite 140 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
9
Service
140
BMW
Pre-delivery Check
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
BMW Running-In
Check
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Odometer
reading
Brake fluid changed:
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
k28_u.book Seite 141 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Odometer
reading
Odometer
reading
Odometer
reading
Brake fluid changed:
Brake fluid changed:
Brake fluid changed:
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
9
141
Service
Confirmation of maintenance work
k28_u.book Seite 142 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
9
Service
142
Confirmation of maintenance work
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Odometer
reading
Odometer
reading
Odometer
reading
Brake fluid changed:
Brake fluid changed:
Brake fluid changed:
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
k28_u.book Seite 143 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Odometer
reading
Odometer
reading
Odometer
reading
Brake fluid changed:
Brake fluid changed:
Brake fluid changed:
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
9
143
Service
Confirmation of maintenance work
k28_u.book Seite 144 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
9
Service
144
Confirmation of maintenance work
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Carried out in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Odometer
reading
Odometer
reading
Odometer
reading
Brake fluid changed:
Brake fluid changed:
Brake fluid changed:
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
BMW Integral ABS
Wheel circuit
Control circuit
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
k28_u.book Seite 145 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Confirmation of service
The list is intended as a record of maintenance, warranty and repair work, the installation of
optional accessories and, if appropriate, special campaign (recall) work.
9
145
Work details
miles/km
Date
Service
Record of all work carried out in workshop
k28_u.book Seite 146 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
9
Service
146
Confirmation of service
Record of all work carried out in workshop
Work details
miles/km
Date
k28_u.book Seite 147 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Instrument cluster
replaced
Instrument cluster
replaced
Instrument cluster
replaced
at distance
at distance
at distance
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
(odometer reading)
(odometer reading)
(odometer reading)
________________________
________________________
________________________
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
9
147
Service
Confirmation of service
k28_u.book Seite 148 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
9
Service
148
k28_u.book Seite 149 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
B
Abbreviations, 4
ABS
Brake booster, 74
Rear wheel lift, 75
Self-diagnosis, 57
Warning, 26
Warning light, 20
Accessories
BMW optional equipment, 4
Cable routing, 79
General instructions, 78
Non-BMW products, 5
Operation via power socket, 79
Accessory
BMW optional accessories, 4
Adjusting headlight beam
throw, 41
Adjusting mirrors, 46, 47
Adjusting rear shock
absorber, 48
Adjusting rear spring preload, 47
Air pressure, 124
Battery
installing, 114
Maintenance instructions, 111
Removing, 113
Technical data, 133
Warning indicator for charge
current, 25
BMW Service
Annual Inspection, 139
Confirmation of maintenance
work, 141
Confirmation of service, 145
Information, 5
Inspection, 139
Maintenance schedules, 139
Maintenance service, 139
Running-in check, 139
Service Card, 138
Worldwide, 138
Brake
Adjusting handbrake lever, 39
Safety instructions, 72
Brake light
Replacing bulb, 108
Brake pads, 62
149
Brakes
Brake pads, 92
Checking front brake pad
thickness, 92
Checking rear brake pad
thickness, 93
Checking the fluid level, 94
Bulbs
Information, 105
Technical data, 134
Warning indicator for defective
bulb, 26
i
Index
A
C
Care
Care products, 116
Chrome, 117
Paint, 117
Plastics, 117
Protective wax coating, 118
k28_u.book Seite 150 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
Rubber, 118
Touching up, 118
Washing motorcycle, 116
150
Windshield, 117
Cases
Correct loading, 81
Catalytic converter, safety
information, 52
Center stand
Extending, 69
Retracting, 71
Checklist, 54
Clock
Display, 20
Setting, 16, 37
Clutch
Checking fluid level, 96
Checking operation, 95
Currency, 5
Index
i
D
DWA indicator light, 16
E
F
Electronic engine-management
system
Tampering with control unit, 53
Electronic immobilizer
Display, 24
Explanations, 33
Emergency ON/OFF
switch, 15, 37
Engine, 130
Engine electronics
Warning indicator, 24
Engine oil, 91
Checking the oil level, 90, 91
Technical data, 130
Temperature display, 20
Temperature warning, 24
Warning indicator for oil
pressure, 25
Engine, technical data, 125
Front-wheel stand, 104
Fuel
Fuel gauge, 20
fuel type, 132
Quality, 72
Refueling, 71
Reserve display, 24
Fuel tank capacity, 72
Fuses, 133
G
Gear indicator, 20
General view
Right side, 11
General view,
left side, 9
Grip heating, 15, 38
H
Handlebar fitting
Left, 14
Right, 15
k28_u.book Seite 151 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
I
Ignition
Switching off, 32
Switching on, 32, 55
Indicator lights, 20
Instrument cluster, 16
J
O
Jump starting, 110
Oil capacity, 90
Oil filler neck, 91
Oil level
checking, 91
Oil pressure, 91
K
Keys
Ignition keys, 32
Replacement keys, 34
L
Locking handlebars, 33
Low-beam headlight
Bulb, 17
Switching on, 40
Lubricating oil circuit, 91
Luggage
Safety information, 52
M
Motorcycle equipment, 5
Multifunction display, 16
N
Neutral, indicator light, 20
P
Parking your motorcycle, 65, 69
Power socket, 78, 134
Pre-ride check, 55
R
Rear light, replacing bulb, 108
Replacement keys, 34
Resetting tripmeter, 36
Residual braking function, 75
Residual range, 36
Restoring to use, 119
Rev. counter, 16
Rider’s equipment, 6
Running in
Brake pads, 62
General information, 61
i
151
Index
Hazard warning
flashers, 14, 34, 35
Headlight
Adjustment for right-hand/lefthand traffic, 42
Overview, 17
Headlight flasher, 14, 41
Headlights
Adjusting beam throw, 9
Helmet holder, 46
High-beam headlight
Indicator light, 20
Switching on, 14, 41
Horn, 14
k28_u.book Seite 152 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
i
S
Index
Safety check before a
journey, 54
152 Safety instructions, 52
Seats
installing, 45
removing, 43
Sensor, lights for instrument
cluster, 16
Shifting gears, 63
Side light
Bulb, 17
Side lights, 41
Replacing bulbs, 107
Side stand
Extending, 65
Position on starting, 58
Retracting, 67
Spark plugs, technical data, 133
Speed
Safety information, 52
Technical data, 136
Starter, 15
Starting, 58
Storing, 118
Symbols, 4
T
Technical data
Dimensions and weights, 135
Electrical system, 133
Engine, 125
Frame and suspension, 127
Fuel and lubricants, 130
Information, 5
Power transmission, 126
Riding specifications, 136
Threaded fasteners, 122
Wheels, 129
Threaded fasteners, 122
Tightening torques, 122
Toolkit, 89
Transmission
Gear shifts, 62
Position on starting, 55
Technical data, 126
Tripmaster, 20, 35
Turn indicator
Left, 14
Replacing the front
bulb, 108, 109
Right, 15
Turn indicators
Indicator lights, 20
Switching off, 15, 43
Switching on, 42
W
Warning indicators
Notes, 21
Overview, 22
Warning lights, 16, 20
Warnings, 4
Wheels
Checking rims, 97
Checking tire pressure, 49
Checking tread depth, 97
Installing front wheel, 100
Installing rear wheel, 102
k28_u.book Seite 153 Dienstag, 30. November 2004 10:39 10
i
153
Index
Makes, 97
Removing front wheel, 98
Removing rear wheel, 102
Technical data, 129
tire pressure, 124
Details described or illustrated in this booklet may differ
from the motorcycle's actual
specification as purchased,
the accessories fitted or the
national-market specification.
No claims will be entertained
as a result of such discrepancies.
Dimensions, weights,
fuel consumption and
performance data are quoted
to the customary tolerances.
The right to modify designs,
equipment and accessories is
reserved.
Errors and omissions excepted.
© 2005 BMW Motorrad
Not to be reproduced either
wholly or in part without written permission from BMW
Motorrad, After Sales.
Printed in Germany.
Important data for refueling.
Fuel
Recommended fuel type
Premium grade unleaded fuel
98 ROZ
Fuel types can be used with poorer performance and consumption
Normal unleaded
91 ROZ
Usable fuel quantity
5.5 gal
Reserve fuel quantity
1.1 gal
Tire pressures
Tire pressure for front wheel - single rider
31.9 psi, With tire cold
Tire pressure for rear wheel - single rider
36.3 psi, With tire cold
Tire pressure for front wheel - passenger or luggage
36.3 psi, With tire cold
Tire pressure for rear wheel - passenger or luggage
42.1 psi, With tire cold
Tire pressure for front wheel - passenger and luggage
36.3 psi, With tire cold
Tire pressure for rear wheel - passenger and luggage
42.1 psi, With tire cold
BMW Motorrad
BMW recommends
Order No.:
01 47 7 698 867
08.2005
2. edition
The Ultimate Riding
Machine
Einleger_US_Extended.fm Seite 1 Montag, 6. November 2006 2:40 14
Please attach this sticker to the inside back cover page of your Rider’s Manual
7
Reporting Safety Defects
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect which could cause a crash
or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying BMW of North America,
LLC.
If NHTSA receives similar
complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a group of
vehicles, it may order a recall and
remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you,
your dealer, or BMW of North
America, LCC.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1–888–327–4236
(TTY: 1–800–424–9153); go to
http://www.safercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh
Street, SW., Washington, DC
20590. You can also obtain other
information about motor vehicle
safety from
http://www.safercar.gov.
BMW Motorrad
Order No: 01 47 7 706 697
08.2006
Info_I_ABS_us_yyyyyyy.fm Seite 1 Dienstag, 19. Juli 2005 3:01 15
How does ABS work?
The maximum braking force
which can be transferred to
the road surface is partially
dependent on the coefficient
of friction of the road surface.
Gravel, ice, snow and wet road
surfaces offer a considerably
poorer coefficient of friction
than a dry, clean layer of
asphalt. The lower the coefficient of friction of the road
surface is, the longer the
braking distance will be.
If the maximum transferrable
braking force is exceeded
when the driver increases the
brake pressure applied, the
wheels begin to lock and
the driving stability is lost,
resulting in a danger of falling.
Before this situation occurs,
the ABS intervenes and
adjusts the brake pressure
to the maximum transferrable
braking force. As a result,
the wheels continue to turn
and the driving stability is
maintained regardless of the
road surface condition.
What happens on uneven
road surfaces?
Wavy ground or uneven road
surfaces can briefly result in a
loss of contact between the
tire and the road surface, and
the transferrable braking force
decreases to zero. If the
brakes are applied in this
situation, the ABS must
reduce the brake pressure to
ensure driving stability when
contact with the road surface
is restored. At this point in time
the BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS must assume extremely
low coefficients of friction
(gravel, ice or snow) so that
the wheels turn in every
imaginable case and the
driving stability is ensured.
After the actual conditions are
detected, the system adjusts
the brake pressure to the
optimum value.
What must be observed
during driving safety
training?
Compared to normal braking,
braking during which the ABS
must intervene in a regulating
manner requires a consider-
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BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
Information on BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
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BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
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ably increased amount of current, which places a heavy
load on the battery.
During normal driving the battery is constantly charged, and
therefore has a sufficient
capacity.
During driving breaks of
several weeks, a tricklecharger available from an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer should be connected
or the battery should be disconnected and recharged
before the next time the
motorcycle is driven.
During driving-safety training
courses an unusually high
number of ABS-controlled
braking actions take place
within a short time. Between
those actions there are waiting
and evaluation phases during
which the motorcycle is not
driven. The battery is heavily
loaded by the ABS control
actions, however at the same
time it is not recharged, as virtually no driving takes place.
In isolated cases, braking
actions of this kind in this
artificially produced situation
during which the brake lever is
pulled with maximum force
and extremely quickly, in combination with a decreasing
electrical system voltage,
push the ABS to technical
limits at which the control
function is no longer fulfilled.
Field observations by BMW
Motorrad show that no comparable situations occur in
road traffic or during circuit
training.
During safety training the following instructions must be
followed:
• Observe the warning and
control lights before each
braking exercise
• Drive a longer distance after
a maximum of five braking
exercises to charge the
battery
• Switch off consumers like
seat and hand grip heaters,
radio, navigation system and
accessories connected to
the sockets
• Switch off the ignition during
breaks and conversations. If
the engine is switched off
with the emergency ON/OFF
switch, the light and all electronic systems remain
switched on and load the
battery
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as quickly as possible and with
maximum force, the dynamic
load distribution is unable to
follow the increase in
deceleration and the brake
force cannot be completely
transferred to the road surface. To prevent locking of
the front wheel, the ABS must
intervene and reduce the
brake pressure, which
increases the braking
distance.
What happens when the ABS
control function fails?
A fault in the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS is indicated by a
corresponding warning in the
instrument cluster.
If only the ABS control function
fails, the integral system and
the brake booster continue to
operate. If these systems also
fail, the residual braking function is activated. In this case,
the forces to be applied to the
brake levers are considerably
higher and the required lever
travel increases.
The residual braking function
is a mechanical function and is
always available when the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
fails, regardless of the battery
charging level. It meets all
requirements of the worldwide
legislation on the brake design
of motor vehicles and enables
the rider to brake the motorcycle.
When driving with the residual
braking function, the following
instructions must be followed:
• Adjust the brake levers to
the maximum travel
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BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
How can the shortest
braking distance be
achieved?
During braking the dynamic
load distribution between the
front and rear wheel changes.
The heavier braking is, the
higher the load on the front
wheel. The greater the wheel
load, the more braking force
can be transferred.
To achieve the shortest possible braking distance, the front
brake must be operated
quickly and with increasing
force. This optimally utilizes
the dynamic load increase on
the front wheel. At the same
time, the clutch should also be
disengaged.
With the "forced braking" often
practiced, during which the
brake pressure is generated
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• Always brake with the front
and rear brakes
• In clear situations, carry out
test braking to learn the
response behavior of the
brakes
• Observe the condition of the
road surface and adapt the
braking force applied
accordingly
• As it is an emergency
running function, you should
drive to a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer, as quickly as
possible
How important is regular
maintenance?
Any technical system is
always only as good as
its maintenance status.
To ensure that the BMW
Motorrad Integral ABS is in
optimum condition with regard
to maintenance, the specified
inspection intervals must
always be complied with.
How is the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS designed?
The BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS ensures the driving
stability of the motorcycle on
any surface within the physical
limits of driving. The system is
not optimized for special
requirements resulting under
extreme weather conditions
on offroad terrain or on racing
circuits.
BMW Motorrad
Order No.:
01 47 7 699 277
07.2005
1st edition US/RF
The Ultimate
Riding Machine