Yamaha PSR140PC Specifications

SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
This product utilizes batteries or an external power supply (adapter).
DO NOT connect this product to any power supply or adapter other
than one described in the manual, on the name plate, or specifically
recommended by Yamaha.
This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a
cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is
used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that accompany the accessory product.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE:
The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the
time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to change or
modify any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update
existing units.
This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speaker/s, may be capable of producing sound levels that
could cause permanent hearing loss. DO NOT operate for long periods
of time at a high volume level or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you
experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, you should consult
an audiologist.
IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the time period before
damage occurs.
NOTICE:
Service charges incurred due to a lack of knowledge relating to how a
function or effect works (when the unit is operating as designed) are not
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, and are therefore the owners
responsibility. Please study this manual carefully and consult your
dealer before requesting service.
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:
Yamaha strives to produce products that are both user safe and environmentally friendly. We sincerely believe that our products and the
production methods used to produce them, meet these goals. In keeping with both the letter and the spirit of the law, we want you to be
aware of the following:
battery is approximately five years. When replacement becomes
necessary, contact a qualified service representative to perform the
replacement.
This product may also use “household” type batteries. Some of these
may be rechargeable. Make sure that the battery being charged is a
rechargeable type and that the charger is intended for the battery
being charged.
When installing batteries, do not mix batteries with new, or with batteries of a different type. Batteries MUST be installed correctly. Mismatches or incorrect installation may result in overheating and battery
case rupture.
Warning:
Do not attempt to disassemble, or incinerate any battery. Keep all
batteries away from children. Dispose of used batteries promptly and
as regulated by the laws in your area. Note: Check with any retailer of
household type batteries in your area for battery disposal information.
Disposal Notice:
Should this product become damaged beyond repair, or for some
reason its useful life is considered to be at an end, please observe all
local, state, and federal regulations that relate to the disposal of products that contain lead, batteries, plastics, etc. If your dealer is unable
to assist you, please contact Yamaha directly.
NAME PLATE LOCATION:
The name plate is located on the bottom of the product. The model
number, serial number, power requirements, etc., are located on this
plate. You should record the model number, serial number, and the
date of purchase in the spaces provided below and retain this manual
as a permanent record of your purchase.
Model
Serial No.
Battery Notice:
This product MAY contain a small non-rechargeable battery which (if
applicable) is soldered in place. The average life span of this type of
92-BP (bottom)
Purchase Date
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not
expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted
by the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/
or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s
supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation
instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC
authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with
the requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B”
digital devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a
reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a
residential environment will not result in harmful interference with
other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio
frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in the users manual, may cause interference harmful
to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC
regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur in
all installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be determined by turning the unit “OFF” and
“ON”, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the
following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by
the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker
or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the
lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results,
please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type
of product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please
contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA90620
The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed
by Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
(class B)
Entsorgung leerer Batterien (nur innerhalb Deutschlands)
Leisten Sie einen Beitrag zum Umweltschutz. Verbrauchte Batterien oder Akkumulatoren dürfen nicht in den Hausmüll. Sie können bei einer
Sammelstelle für Altbatterien bzw. Sondermüll abgegeben werden. Informieren Sie sich bei Ihrer Kommune.
(battery)
PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
* Please keep these precautions in a safe place for future reference.
WARNING
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death from electrical shock,
short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
• Do not open the instrument or attempt to disassemble the internal parts or
modify them in any way. The instrument contains no user-serviceable parts.
If it should appear to be malfunctioning, discontinue use immediately and
have it inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Do not expose the instrument to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet
conditions, or place containers on it containing liquids which might spill
into any openings.
• If the AC adaptor cord or plug becomes frayed or damaged, or if there is a
sudden loss of sound during use of the instrument, or if any unusual smells
or smoke should appear to be caused by it, immediately turn off the power
switch, disconnect the adaptor plug from the outlet, and have the instrument
inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Use the specified adaptor (PA-3B or an equivalent recommended by Yamaha)
only. Using the wrong adaptor can result in damage to the instrument or
overheating.
• Before cleaning the instrument, always remove the electric plug from the
outlet. Never insert or remove an electric plug with wet hands.
• Check the electric plug periodically and remove any dirt or dust which may
have accumulated on it.
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage to the
instrument or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
• Do not place the AC adaptor cord near heat sources such as heaters or
radiators, and do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord, place
heavy objects on it, or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip
over, or roll anything over it.
• When removing the electric plug from the instrument or an outlet, always
hold the plug itself and not the cord.
• Do not connect the instrument to an electrical outlet using a multiple-connector. Doing so can result in lower sound quality, or possibly cause overheating in the outlet.
• Unplug the AC power adaptor when not using the instrument, or during
electrical storms.
• Always make sure all batteries are inserted in conformity with the +/- polarity markings. Failure to do so might result in overheating, fire, or battery
fluid leakage.
• Always replace all batteries at the same time. Do not use new batteries together with old ones. Also, do not mix battery types, such as alkaline batteries with manganese batteries, or batteries from different makers, or different
types of batteries from the same maker, since this can cause overheating,
fire, or battery fluid leakage.
• Do not dispose of batteries in fire.
• Do not attempt to recharge batteries that are not intended to be charged.
• If the instrument is not to be in use for a long time, remove the batteries from
it, in order to prevent possible fluid leakage from the battery.
• Keep batteries away from children.
• Before connecting the instrument to other electronic components, turn off
the power for all components. Before turning the power on or off for all
components, set all volume levels to minimum. Also, be sure to set the
volumes of all components at their minimum levels and gradually raise the
volume controls while playing the instrument to set the desired listening
level.
• Do not expose the instrument to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme
cold or heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the
day) to prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal components.
(4)-4
• Do not use the instrument near other electrical products such as televisions,
radios, or speakers, since this might cause interference which can affect
proper operation of the other products.
• Do not place the instrument in an unstable position where it might accidentally fall over.
• Before moving the instrument, remove all connected adaptor and other cables.
• When cleaning the instrument, use a soft, dry cloth. Do not use paint thinners,
solvents, cleaning fluids, or chemical-impregnated wiping cloths. Also, do
not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the instrument, since this might
discolor the panel or keyboard.
• Do not rest your weight on, or place heavy objects on the instrument, and do
not use excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors.
• Use only the stand/rack specified for the instrument. When attaching the
stand or rack, use the provided screws only. Failure to do so could cause
damage to the internal components or result in the instrument falling over.
• Do not operate the instrument for a long period of time at a high or uncomfortable volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing loss. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a physician.
■SAVING USER DATA
• Save all data to an external device such as the Yamaha MIDI Data Filer MDF3,
in order to help prevent the loss of important data due to a malfunction or
user operating error.
Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the instrument, or data that is lost or destroyed.
Always turn the power off when the instrument is not in use.
Make sure to discard used batteries according to local regulations.
* The illustrations and LCD screens as shown in this owner’s manual are for instructional purposes only, and may be different from the ones on your instrument.
3
Congratulations on your purchase of
the Yamaha PSR-140 PortaTone!
You now own a portable keyboard that combines advanced functions, great
sound and exceptional ease-of-use in a highly compact package. Its outstanding
features also make it a remarkably expressive and versatile instrument.
Read this Owner’s Manual carefully while playing your new PortaTone in order
to take full advantage of its various features.
Contents
PANEL CONTROLS AND TERMINALS
●
●
6
Front Panel ...................................... 6
Rear Panel ........................................ 8
SETTING UP
9
POWER REQUIREMENTS ............................ 9
● Using an AC Power Adaptor ............ 9
● Using Batteries ................................. 9
TURNING ON THE POWER ........................ 9
ACCESSORY JACKS .................................. 10
MUSIC STAND ......................................... 10
GETTING STARTED —
PLAYING THE DEMO SONGS
11
PANEL DISPLAY INDICATIONS
12
PORTABLE GRAND
13
USING THE METRONOME ....................... 13
● Setting the Metronome Time
Signature ....................................... 14
● Adjusting the Metronome Volume . 14
SELECTING AND PLAYING VOICES —
THE VOICE MODE
15
SELECTING AND PLAYING A VOICE ......... 15
● Percussion Voice Chart
(voices 90 and 100). ...................... 17
TRANSPOSE AND TUNING ...................... 18
● Transpose ...................................... 18
● Tuning ........................................... 19
SELECTING AND PLAYING SONGS —
THE SONG MODE
20
SELECTING AND PLAYING A SONG ......... 20
CHANGING THE TEMPO ......................... 21
● About the Beat Display .................. 22
ADJUSTING THE SONG VOLUME ............ 23
SONG CONTROLS .................................. 24
A/B REPEAT .............................................. 24
4
MELODY GUIDE ....................................... 26
VOICE CHANGE ........................................ 27
SELECTING AND PLAYING STYLES —
THE STYLE MODE
28
SELECTING AND PLAYING A STYLE .......... 28
STYLE CONTROLS ................................... 30
USING THE AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT
FEATURES ............................................. 31
CHANGING THE TEMPO ......................... 31
STYLE SECTIONS (MAIN A, MAIN B) AND
FILL-INS ................................................ 32
ADJUSTING THE ACCOMPANIMENT
VOLUME .............................................. 32
USING AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT —
MULTI FINGERING................................ 33
● Single Finger Chords ..................... 33
● Fingered Chords ............................ 33
WHAT IS A CHORD? ................................ 34
WRITING CHORD NAMES ....................... 35
● The Intervals of the Scale ............... 35
● Other Chords ................................ 35
ONE TOUCH SETTING (OTS) ................... 36
CHORD GUIDE .......................................... 37
● Smart ............................................ 37
● Dictionary ...................................... 39
MULTI PADS ............................................. 40
MIDI
41
●
●
About MIDI ................................... 41
How Can MIDI be Used? ............... 41
TROUBLESHOOTING ...................................... 42
VOICE LIST ..................................................... 43
MULTI PAD LIST .............................................. 45
MIDI IMPLEMENTATION CHART ..................... 46
SPECIFICATIONS ............................................ 48
INDEX ............................................................ 49
Main Features
The PSR-140 is a sophisticated yet easy-to-use keyboard with the following features and functions:
Yamaha Education Suite
page 26-27, 34-35, 37-39
The PortaTone features the new Yamaha Education Suite — a set of learning tools that utilize the latest
technology to make studying and practicing music more fun and fulfilling than ever before!
The Yamaha Education Suite includes:
Powerful Melody Guide functions in the Song mode — Waiting and Minus One — that let you
easily learn the 100 songs and even show you what notes to play!
• Waiting pauses song playback (like a patient teacher!), so you can practice at your own pace.
• Minus One mutes only the melody part, letting you play the part yourself. The expert
backing parts encourage you to play your best and make it easy to “feel” the song!
Chord Guide functions in the Style mode — Smart and Dictionary — that make it exceptionally
easy to learn chords and chord relationships.
• Smart lets you easily play harmonically “correct” chord progressions for whatever key you
specify. It’s great for learning — and performing!
• Dictionary is a built-in “chord encyclopedia” that teaches you how to play specific chords.
You type in the chord name, and the PortaTone shows you which notes to play!
Portable Grand
page 13
The PortaTone also has a Portable Grand function for realistic piano performance. Pressing the
PORTABLE GRAND button instantly calls up the stunningly authentic “Stereo Sampled Piano” voice
and configures the entire PortaTone for optimum piano play. Special Piano styles — with piano-only
accompaniment — are also provided.
Other powerful features include:
• Exceptionally realistic and dynamic sounds with
100 voices, utilizing digital recordings of actual
instruments.
• 100 dynamic auto accompaniment Styles, each
with different Intro, Main A and B, and Ending
sections. All styles (except for the Piano styles) also
have their own four Fill-in patterns.
• Large custom LCD gives you easy, at-a-glance confirmation of all important settings, as well as chord and note
indications.
• 100 songs, for your listening enjoyment — or for
use with the sophisticated learning tools of the
Yamaha Education Suite.
• Convenient control over accompaniment Styles —
including Tempo and independent Accompaniment
Volume.
• One Touch Setting (OTS), for automatically calling
up an appropriate voice for playing with the selected
Style.
• MIDI terminals for interfacing with other MIDI
devices.
• Built-in, high-quality stereo amplifier/speaker
system.
5
Panel Controls and Terminals
Front Panel
A
001
TEMPO
D
E
F
GrandPno
MULTI PAD
TRANSPOSE
TUNING
TEMPO
116
ACMP VOL
R
B
SONG VOL
METRONOME
ACMP SYNCON/OFF START
START/
STOP
H I J
INTRO/ rit
ENDING
MAIN B
MAIN A
K
6
m
aug
O
M N
dim
sus4
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
7
m7
M7
G
0
mM7
Q
P
C
M
2
SMART
DICTIONARY
OFF
OTS
L
1
7 5
m7 5
7sus4
m6
(9)
C
C
D
D
Panel Controls and Terminals
A Power switch (STANDBY/ON)
B MASTER VOLUME dial
This determines the overall volume of the
PortaTone.
C OVERALL buttons (t, +, -)
These are for selecting the various “overall”
functions and setting their values. (See page
23.)
D SONG button
This selects the Song mode. (See page 20.)
E VOICE button
This selects the Voice mode. (See page 15.)
F STYLE button
This selects the Style mode. (See page 28.)
G Numeric keypad, +/- buttons
These are for selecting songs, voices, and styles.
(See page 16.) They are also used for entering
certain values, such as the time signature for the
Metronome (page 14), and the key signature for
the Smart Chord function (page 38).
H ACMP ON/OFF button
When the Style mode is selected, this turns the
auto accompaniment on and off. (See page
31.) This button has no function in the Song
mode.
I SYNC-START, Pause (❙ ❙) button
When the Style mode is selected, this turns the
Sync-Start function on and off. (See page 29.)
When the Song mode is selected, this alternately pauses and starts song playback. (See
page 24.)
J START/STOP (>/■) button
When the Style mode is selected, this alternately
starts and stops the auto accompaniment. (See
page 29.) When the Song mode is selected, this
alternately starts and stops song playback. (See
page 24.)
K INTRO/ENDING,
button
When the Style mode is selected, this is used to
control the Intro and Ending functions. (See
pages 29, 30.) When the Song mode is selected, this is used to control the A/B Repeat
function. (See page 24.)
L MAIN A/B (AUTO FILL), Fast Forward
(f)/Rewind (r) buttons
When the Style mode is selected, these are used
to change auto accompaniment sections and
control the Auto Fill function. (See page 32.)
When the Song mode is selected, these are used
to respectively fast forward and rewind during
song playback. When Song playback is stopped,
they can be used to advance or reverse to specific
measure numbers in the song. (See page 24.)
M OTS, VOICE CHANGE button
When the Style mode is selected, this is used to
turn the One Touch Setting (OTS) function on
and off. (See page 36.) When the Song mode
is selected, this is used to turn the Voice Change
function on and off. (See page 27.)
N CHORD GUIDE, MELODY GUIDE button
When the Style mode is selected, this is used to
control the Chord Guide functions. (See page 37.)
When the Song mode is selected, this is used to
control the Melody Guide function. (See page 26.)
O PORTABLE GRAND button
This instantly changes to the Voice mode and
calls up the Grand Piano voice. (See page 13.)
P METRONOME button
This turns the metronome on and off. (See
page 13.)
Q MULTI PAD buttons
These are used to automatically play pre-programmed musical phrases. (See page 40.)
R DEMO button
This is used to play the Demo songs. (See page
11.)
7
Panel Controls and Terminals
Rear Panel
IN
MIDI
OUT
S DC IN 10-12V jack
This is for connection to a PA-3B AC power
adaptor. (See page 9.)
T PHONES/OUTPUT jack
This is for connection to a set of stereo headphones or to an external amplifier/speaker
system. (See page 10.)
8
T
S
PHONES/
OUTPUT
DC IN 10-12V
MIDI IN, OUT terminals
These are for connection to other MIDI instruments and devices. (See pages 10, 41.)
Setting Up
This section contains information about setting up your PortaTone for playing.
Make sure to read this section carefully before using the instrument.
Power Requirements
Although the PSR-140 will run either from an
optional AC adaptor or batteries, Yamaha
recommends use of an AC adaptor whenever
possible. An AC adaptor is more environmentally friendly than batteries and does not deplete
resources.
Using an AC Power Adaptor
To connect your PortaTone to a wall socket, you
will need the optionally available Yamaha PA-3B
Power Adaptor. Use of other AC adaptors could
result in damage to the instrument, so be sure
to ask for the right kind. Connect one end of
the adaptor to the DC IN 10-12V jack on the
rear panel of your PortaTone, and the other end
to a suitable electrical outlet.
WARNING
:
• Use ONLY a Yamaha PA-3B AC Power Adaptor (or other
adaptor specifically recommended by Yamaha) to power your
instrument from the AC mains. The use of other adaptors may
result in irreparable damage to both the adaptor and the PSR140.
■ When the Batteries Run Down
When the batteries run low and the battery
voltage drops below a certain level, the
PortaTone may not sound or function properly.
As soon as this happens, replace them with a
complete set of six new batteries.
CAUTION
:
• Never mix old and new batteries or different types of
batteries (e.g., alkaline and manganese).
• To prevent possible damage from battery leakage, remove
the batteries from the instrument if it is not to be used for a
long time.
Turning On the Power
With the AC power adaptor connected or with
batteries installed, simply press the STANDBY
switch until it locks in the ON position. When
the instrument is not in use, be sure to turn the
power off. (Press the switch again so that it
pops up.)
• Unplug the AC Power Adaptor when not using the PSR-140,
or during electrical storms.
Using Batteries
■ Inserting Batteries
Turn the instrument upside-down and remove
the battery compartment lid. Insert six 1.5-volt
size “D” (SUM-1, R-20 or equivalent) batteries
as shown in the illustration, making sure that
the positive and negative terminals are properly
aligned, and replace the lid.
CAUTION
:
• Even when the switch is in the “STANDBY” position,
electricity is still flowing to the instrument at the minimum
level. When you are not using the PSR-140 for a long time,
make sure you unplug the AC power adaptor from the wall AC
outlet, and/or remove the batteries from the instrument.
BATTERIES 1.5V x 6
9
Setting Up
Accessory Jacks
Music Stand
■ Using Headphones
For private practicing and playing without
disturbing others, connect a set of stereo headphones to the rear panel PHONES/OUTPUT jack.
Sound from the built-in speaker system is automatically cut off when you insert a headphone
plug into this jack.
Insert the bottom edge of the included music
stand into the slot located at the top rear of the
PortaTone control panel.
■ Connecting a Keyboard Amplifier or Stereo
System
Though the PortaTone is equipped with a builtin speaker system, you can also play it through
an external amplifier/speaker system. First,
make sure the PortaTone and any external
devices are turned off, then connect one end of
a stereo audio cable to the LINE IN or AUX IN
jack(s) of the other device and the other end to
the rear panel PHONES/OUTPUT jack on the
PortaTone.
CAUTION
:
• To prevent damage to the speakers, set the volume of the
external devices at the minimum setting before connecting
them. Failure to observe these cautions may result in electric
shock or equipment damage. Also, be sure to set the volumes
of all devices at their minimum levels and gradually raise the
volume controls while playing the instrument to set the
desired listening level.
■ Using the MIDI Terminals
The PortaTone also features MIDI terminals,
allowing you to interface the PortaTone with
other MIDI instruments and devices. (For more
information, see page 41.)
MIDI instrument
IN
10
MIDI
OUT
Getting Started —
Playing the Demo Songs
The PortaTone has a huge variety of Demo songs, specially recorded to showcase
the dynamic sounds and rhythms and give you an idea of what you can do with
the instrument.
First, turn on the power.
Press the STANDBY/ON button. Whenever the power is
turned on, the Voice mode is automatically called up
and set to play Voice 1 (GrandPno).
Set the Volume.
Initially, turn the MASTER VOLUME control about a third
of the way up. You can adjust the control for optimum
level once the songs start playing.
Press the DEMO button.
All 100 songs will play in sequence. You can play along on the keyboard
with the songs. If the Voice Change function is on (page 27), the keyboard voice will change to match the changes in the song of the melody
voice.
The current song name and number appear at the left of the display.
Notice also that the display indicates both the chords (except for song #1,
“StarWars”) and the melody notes (in the music staves and the keyboard
diagram) as they change during the song. (Scores for the Demo songs are
provided.)
Song number
Song name
StarWars
001
MEASURE
Current chord
Melody notation
002
Keyboard diagram
(current note is dark)
To stop playback, press the START/STOP (>/■)
button. For information on selecting and playing
individual songs, see page 20.
While the Demo song is playing...
Many features of the PortaTone can be used while the
Demo songs are playing. These include:
• Tempo (page 21)
• Song volume (page 23)
• Tuning (page 19)
• Pause (❙ ❙), Rewind (r), Fast Forward (f) (page 24)
• Voice Change (page 27)
11
Panel Display Indications
The PortaTone features a large multi-function display that shows all important
settings for the instrument. The section below briefly explains the various icons
and indications in the display.
NOTE:
The LCD’s backlight will gradually dim over a long period of use. When the display becomes dim or hard to read, contact the store
where you purchased the instrument or, Yamaha directly, to have the LCD replaced. A fee will be charged for replacement.
B Overall function
bar indicator
TEMPO
MULTI PAD
TRANSPOSE
TUNING
ACMP VOL
SONG VOL
METRONOME VOL
002
G Song/Voice/Style name
and number
MEASURE
These dark bars indicate the currently selected
mode: Song, Voice, or Style. A C-shaped bar (at
SONG or STYLE) indicates that the mode is active
in the background.
In the first example, the Song mode is selected. In
the second example, the Voice mode is selected,
but the Song mode is active in the background.
(This means that the song controls below the
display are active and can be used to play the
currently selected song.)
EX.2
003
D Keyboard
A Mode indicator
Song
mode
C Notation
WholeNew
F Chord
EX.1
A Mode indicator
Song
mode
Voice
mode
B Overall function bar indicator
The PortaTone has seven Overall functions or
controls. The currently selected function is indicated by a dark bar that appears next to its name
(printed on the panel).
C Notation
D Keyboard
These two portions of the display conveniently
indicate notes currently played on the keyboard.
When a song is being played back, they show the
single notes of the melody in succession. When
12
12 the Style mode and auto accompaniment are
E Measure/Tempo
and beat
active, the display also shows the
specific notes of the current chord.
The indication “8va” appears at the
lower or upper part of the notation
staff for a note or notes that are
respectively an octave lower or
higher than notated.
003
8va
NOTE:
For a few specific chords (such as BM7), not all notes may be
shown in the notation section of the display. This is due to
space limitations in the display.
E Measure/Tempo and beat
This shows either the current measure (when the
Song mode is selected) or the current Tempo
value (when the Style mode is selected). The
hand clap icons also flash to indicate the beats in
the measure during song or style playback. (See
page 22.)
F Chord
When a song is being played back, this indicates
the current chord root and type. It also indicates
chords played in the ACMP section of the keyboard when the Style mode and auto accompaniment are on.
G Song/Voice/Style name and number
This portion of the display indicates the name and
number of the currently selected song, voice, or
style. When other functions of the PortaTone are
selected, it briefly shows the function name and
current value or setting.
Portable Grand
This convenient function lets you automatically exit from any
other mode or function and instantly call up the Grand Piano
voice.
Press the piano-shaped PORTABLE GRAND button.
Doing this automatically cancels any other mode or function, and resets
the entire instrument for playing the special “Stereo Sampled Piano”
Grand Piano voice (voice 001). It automatically selects the Song mode,
calling up song #72, “Für Elise” — which can be played instantly by
pressing the START/STOP (>/■) button. It also sets the Multi Pads to
special piano phrases, and calls up style #81 (“2beat”).
Using the Metronome
Set the desired tempo with the Tempo function in
the Overall menu.
Press the OVERALL t button, repeatedly if necessary, until “Tempo” appears in the display.
Current Tempo value
TEMPO
116
Tempo
TEMPO
116
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or
decrease the Tempo value. Holding down either
button continuously increases or decreases the
value.
Decreases
Tempo value
Increases
Tempo value
Turn on the Metronome.
Press the METRONOME button.
To turn the Metronome off, press the METRONOME
button again.
13
Portable Grand
Setting the Metronome Time Signature
The time signature of the Metronome can be set to
various quarter-note based meters.
NOTE:
The time signature changes automatically when a style
or song is selected.
Simultaneously hold down the METRONOME
button and press the button on the numeric
keypad that corresponds to the desired time
signature (see chart at right).
Numeric
keypad
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
Time
signature
Plays only “1” beats (all high clicks)
2/4
3/4
4/4
5/4
6/4
7/4
8/4
9/4
Plays no “1” beats (all low clicks)
Adjusting the Metronome Volume
You can adjust the volume of the Metronome sound
independently of the other PortaTone sounds. The
volume range is 000 - 127.
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or
decrease the Metronome Volume value. Holding
down either button continuously increases or
decreases the value.
Select the Metronome Volume function
in the Overall menu.
Press the OVERALL t button, repeatedly if necessary, until “MtrVol” appears in the display.
Decreases Metronome
Volume value
Current Metronome value
100
MtrVol
TEMPO
116
METRONOME VOL
14
Increases Metronome Volume value
Restoring the Default Metronome Volume Value
To restore the default Metronome Volume value
(100), press both OVERALL +/- buttons simultaneously (when Metronome Volume is selected in
the Overall menu).
Selecting and Playing Voices —
The Voice Mode
The Voice mode features 100 authentic voices that have been
created with Yamaha’s sophisticated AWM (Advanced Wave
Memory) tone generation system. Many of these voices also
have special preset characteristics or embellishments. The
voices are divided into various categories depending on their
characteristics or the effects used.
Selecting and Playing a Voice
Select the Voice mode.
Press the VOICE button.
Indicates Voice mode is
selected
Voice name and number
GrandPno
001
TEMPO
116
Select the desired voice number.
Use the numeric keypad. The basic categories of voices and their numbers are shown at the right side of the panel. A complete list of the
available voices is given on page 43.
Voice list
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
15
Selecting and Playing Voices — The Voice Mode
There are three ways to select voices: 1) directly
entering the voice number with the numeric
keypad, 2) using the +/- keys to step up and
down through the voices, or 3) pressing the
VOICE button to advance through the voice
numbers.
Using the numeric keypad
Enter the digits of the voice number as printed
on the panel. For example, to select voice #42,
press “4” on the numeric keypad, then “2.”
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Trombone
TEMPO
116
NOTE:
When selecting Voice numbers 1 - 10, the PortaTone pauses
briefly before changing to the voice. (However, you can
quickly select the voice by pressing all three digits; for
example, select voice #9 by pressing “0,” “0,” then “9.”)
Pressing only “0” does not change the voice.
16
Press the + key to select the next voice number,
and press the - key to select the previous voice.
Holding down either key continuously scrolls up
or down through the numbers. The +/- keys
have a “wrap around” feature. For example,
pressing the + key from the voice 100 returns to
voice 1.
Using the VOICE button
Press the VOICE button to select the next voice
number. (This functions exactly the same as the
+ button.)
NOTE:
Each voice is automatically called up with the most suitable
octave range setting. Thus, playing middle C with one voice
may sound higher or lower than another voice at the same
key.
0
042
Using the +/- keys
Selecting and Playing Voices — The Voice Mode
NOTE:
The PortaTone is polyphonic up to a
maximum of 16 notes. (Depending on
the voice selected — such as split voices
and dual voices — fewer notes may be
available.) This includes not only the
notes played from the keyboard, but also
the notes in a style pattern, the notes
played by a Pad (page 40), and so on.
Thus, if you play too many notes at one
time, some may not sound and/or others
may be cancelled.
Play the selected voice.
To change to another voice, repeat step 2 above.
If the Song or Style mode is active in the background (indicated by a C-shaped bar in the display), you can also play
songs or styles, respectively, in the Voice mode by simply
pressing the START/STOP (>/■) button. The last selected
song or style will be played.
Harmony voices (#61 - #70) automatically add a
one-, two- or three-note harmony to the original voice. Split voices (#71 - #80) feature two
separate voices, each playable from opposite
sections of the keyboard — the lower voice
playable up to B2 and the upper voice from C3
(middle C). Echo voices (#81 - #90) provide an
echo effect that adds delayed repeats to the
original voice. Dual voices (#91 - #93) blend
two voices together for a rich, layered sound.
Sustain voices (#94 - #99) adds a slow, natural
decay.
various drum and percussion sounds from the
keyboard. (Refer to the Percussion Voice chart
below.) Symbols are also printed above the
keyboard, conveniently indicating which sounds
are played from which keys.
NOTE: About the Harmony voices
Since Harmony voices are designed to automatically play two
or more notes with the notes you play on the keyboard, only
one note can be played on the keyboard at a time. If several
notes are played together, only the last note or highest note
played will be used for the harmony effect.
The type of harmony used depends on the
particular voice that is selected.
Also included are special Percussion voices —
#90 (with Echo) and #100 — that let you play
im
R
B
S
as hot
s
B Dr
as u
s m
H Dr 1
i-h u
a m
Sn t C 2
ar lo
H e D se
i-h r
a u
Sn t P m 1
ar ed
H e D al
i-h r
a u
To t O m 2
m pe
To Ba n
m ss
C Lo
ra w
s
To h C
m ym
Sp Mi ba
l
la d
To sh
m Cy
Sy Hig mb
nt h al
C hB
ow as
s
Sy bel D
ru
nt l
m
h
C S
la na
ve r
Sy s e D
ru
nt
m
Sh h T
ak om
e
B
Sy r
as
nt
s
Sy h T
nt om
h
Ti T Lo
m om w
b
Sy ale Mi
nt H d
Ti h T
m om
b
A ale Hi
go L g
h
g
A o
go H
g
C o
on L
g
B aH
on
g M
C o ut
on H e
g
B aH
on
g O
C o pe
on L
n
g
G aL
ui
r
G oS
ui h
ro or
Lo t
ng
■ Percussion Voice Chart
M
m
aug
dim
sus4
7
m7
M7
mM7
7 5
m7 5
7sus4
m6
(9)
C
C
D
D
D
E
E
F
F G
G
G A
A
A
B
B
17
Selecting and Playing Voices — The Voice Mode
Transpose and Tuning
You can also adjust the tuning and change the transposition (key) of the PortaTone with the Transpose and Tuning functions.
Transpose
Transpose determines the key of both the main voice and the bass/chord accompaniment of the
selected style. It also determines the pitch of the songs and the Multi Pads. This allows you to easily
match the pitch of the PortaTone to other instruments or singers, or play in a different key without
changing your fingering. The Transpose settings can be adjusted over a range of ± 12 semitones (± 1
octave).
Select the Transpose function in the Overall menu.
Press the OVERALL t button, repeatedly if necessary, until “Transpos” appears in the display.
Current Transpose value
00
Transpos
TRANSPOSE
TEMPO
116
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Transpose value.
Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
Restoring the Default Transpose Value
If you’ve changed the Transpose setting, you can instantly
restore the default setting of “00” by pressing both
OVERALL +/- buttons simultaneously (when Transpose is
selected in the Overall menu).
Decreases
Transpose value
18
Increases
Transpose value
NOTE:
This setting has no effect on the DrumKit voice (#90, #100).
Also, this setting cannot be changed during song playback.
Selecting and Playing Voices — The Voice Mode
Tuning
Tuning determines the fine pitch setting of both the main voice and the bass/chord accompaniment
of the selected style. It also determines the pitch of the songs and the Multi Pads. This allows you to
accurately match the tuning with that of other instruments. The Tuning settings can be adjusted over
a range of ± 50 (approx. ± 0.5 semitones).
Select the Tuning function in the Overall menu.
Press the OVERALL t button, repeatedly if necessary, until “Tuning” appears in
the display.
Current Tuning value
00
Tuning
TUNING
TEMPO
116
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the
Tuning value. Holding down either button continuously
increases or decreases the value.
Restoring the Default Tuning Value
If you’ve changed the Tuning setting, you can instantly
restore the default setting of “00” by pressing both
OVERALL +/- buttons simultaneously (when Tuning is
selected in the Overall menu).
Decreases
Tuning value
Increases
Tuning value
19
Selecting and Playing Songs —
The Song Mode
The Song mode features 100 special songs that have been created using the rich
and dynamic sounds of the PortaTone.
The songs are generally for your listening enjoyment; however, you can also play along with them on
the keyboard. A Voice Change function lets you set whether the keyboard voice changes or not with
the voice changes in the song itself. Also, by using the Minus One function, you can “mute” the
original melody and play it manually on the keyboard yourself.
Selecting and Playing a Song
Select the Song mode.
Press the SONG button.
Song name and number
001
Indicates Song mode is
selected
StarWars
MEASURE
001
Select the desired song number.
Use the numeric keypad. The basic categories of songs and
their numbers are shown at the right of the panel.
Song numbers can be selected in the same way as with the
voices (see page 16). You can use the numeric keypad to
directly enter the song number, use the +/- keys to step up
and down through the songs, or press the SONG button to
advance through the song numbers.
Start the selected song.
Press the START/STOP (>/■) button. As the song plays back,
the measure number, chords and melody notes are shown in
the display.
20
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode
NOTE:
You can play along with the song using the
currently selected voice, or even select a
different voice for playing along. Simply call
up the Voice mode while the song is playing
back and select the desired voice .
Current measure number
001
StarWars
MEASURE
002
Current melody note
If you want to change to another song, repeat
step 2 above.
Stop the song.
Press the START/STOP (>/■) button. If playback was started by pressing
the START/STOP (>/■) button, the selected song stops automatically.
Changing the Tempo
The tempo of song (and style) playback can be adjusted over a range of 40 - 240 bpm (beats per
minute).
Select the Tempo function in the Overall menu.
Press the OVERALL t button, repeatedly if necessary, until “Tempo” appears
in the display.
Current Tempo value
TEMPO
120
Tempo
TEMPO
120
21
Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease
the Tempo value. Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
Decreases
Tempo value
Restoring the Default Tempo Value
Each song and style has been given a default or standard
tempo. If you’ve changed the tempo, you can restore the
original default setting by pressing both OVERALL +/buttons simultaneously (when Tempo is selected in the
Overall menu).
Increases
Tempo value
Also, the tempo of a song or style returns to the
default setting when selecting a different song
or style. (The set tempo remains, however,
when switching styles during playback except
when OTS is on.) When you turn on the power
of the PortaTone, the tempo is automatically set
to 116 bpm.
About the Beat Display
TEMPO
116
Indicates the first beat of the
measure (downbeat)
Indicates an upbeat
This section of the display provides a convenient,
easy-to-understand indication of the rhythm — for
song and style playback. The flashing “handclap”
icons indicate both the downbeats and upbeats of
a measure as follows:
22
Indicates a downbeat (other
than the first beat)
Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode
Adjusting the Song Volume
The playback volume of the song can be adjusted. This volume control affects only the song volume.
The volume range is 000 - 127.
Select the Song Volume function in the Overall
menu.
Press the OVERALL t button, repeatedly if necessary, until “SongVol” appears
in the display.
Current Song Volume value
110
SongVol
MEASURE
SONG VOL
001
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease
the Song Volume value. Holding down either
button continuously increases or decreases the
value.
Restoring the Default Value
To restore the default Song Volume value (110), press
both OVERALL +/- buttons simultaneously (when Song
Volume is selected in the Overall menu).
Decreases Song
Volume value
Increases Song
Volume value
NOTE:
Song Volume cannot be changed unless the Song
mode is active.
23
Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode
Song Controls
When the Song mode is active, the panel buttons below the display function as song controls.
This has no function
in the Song mode.
Pressing this button
alternately pauses and
resumes song playback.
Pressing this button
alternately starts and
stops song playback.
This controls the A/B
Repeat function. (See
below.)
This functions as a rewind button,
stepping in reverse through the measure
numbers. It can be used during playback, or when playback is paused or
stopped.
This turns the
Voice Change
function on/off.
(See page 27.)
This controls the
Melody Guide
function. (See
page 26.)
This functions as a fastforward button, stepping in
advance through the
measure numbers. It can
be used during playback
(with sound), or when
playback is paused or
stopped.
A/B Repeat
This useful function is ideal for practicing and learning purposes. It allows you to specify any section
or phrase of a song (between point A and point B) and repeat it — while you play or practice along
with it.
While playing back a song, set point A (the start
point of the section).
With the Song mode active, select and play back the desired song. (See
button
page 20.) Then, while the song is playing back, press the
once at the beginning point of the section to be repeated.
A
Repeat
MEASURE
24
009
Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode
Set point B (the end point of
the section).
A-b
Repeat
Press the
button once again, at the
ending point of the section to be repeated. The
selected phrase repeats indefinitely until stopped.
MEASURE
012
Pause or stop playback as needed.
Use the Pause (❙ ❙) and START/STOP (>/■) buttons. Stopping playback does not
cancel the set A/B points or the A/B Repeat function.
Turn off the A/B Repeat function.
oFF
Repeat
Press the
button. This can be done
either when the song is stopped or during playback.
MEASURE
001
HINT:
• You can also set the A/B Repeat function while the song is stopped. Simply use the r/f buttons to select the measures for the
A and B points in the song, then start playback.
• While the song is playing back (but before setting the A/B points), try slowing down the Tempo (page 21). This makes it easier
to accurately set the A and B points. Slowing down the Tempo also makes it easier to practice the parts you want to learn.
• To set the A point at the beginning of a song, press the
button before starting song playback.
NOTE:
Selecting a different song number (or changing to the Style mode) automatically cancels the A/B Repeat function.
25
Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode
Melody Guide
The PortaTone has a special Melody Guide function that makes practice and learning of the 100
songs both fun and easy.
During song playback, the PortaTone shows the notes of the melody in the music staves and the
keyboard diagram in the display — indicating which notes you should play and when you should play
them. The Melody Guide function even lets you practice at your own pace by automatically pausing
playback until you play the correct notes. To further help you play the correct melody notes, scores
for all songs have been provided.
There are two different types of Melody Guide operations: Waiting (auto pause playback) and Minus
One (muted melody). These can be turned on either before starting a song, or while a song is playing.
Select a song.
With the Song mode active, select the desired song. (See page 20.)
Set the Melody Guide function.
Press the MELODY GUIDE button repeatedly until
the desired setting is shown in the display.
Waiting
MEASURE
Settings:
Waiting
When set to Waiting, the PortaTone waits for you to play
the correct melody notes, automatically pausing song
playback until each note is played. This allows you to
practice the melody at your own pace. The next note to
be played is indicated in the display (in the music staves
and the keyboard diagram).
MinusOne
Minus One, as its name implies, mutes the melody part of
the song, allowing you to play that part yourself. Song
playback continues without pausing, so you can play the
melody part naturally in time with the music. The next
26
001
note to be played is indicated in the display (in the music
staves and the keyboard diagram).
MinusOne
Off
This turns the Melody Guide function off. The selected
song (and its melody part) plays back normally.
NOTE:
Melody Guide is turned off automatically when a different
song number is selected.
Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode
Start playback of the song, and play the melody from the
keyboard.
Start playback in the normal fashion (page 20) and play the melody along with the
song. You can also change the Melody Guide setting while the song is playing back by
simply pressing the MELODY GUIDE button.
To stop the song, press the START/STOP (>/■) button.
Voice Change
The Voice Change function allows you to set whether or not the keyboard voice changes automatically with the melody voice of the song. It is especially useful when used with Melody Guide, since it
determines what voice sounds the melody when you play the keyboard. When set to “Off,” you can
select from the 100 voices of the PortaTone for playing the melody from the keyboard.
Select a song.
With the Song mode active, select the desired song.
(See page 20.)
Change the Voice Change setting.
Press the VOICE CHANGE button to turn Voice
Change on or off.
VC On
MEASURE
001
Change the Voice directly.
In the VC On condition, you can also directly make your own voice selections by
using the +/- keys or the numeric keypad. The programmed voice of the song and
the keyboard voice both change to the new selection.
Settings:
VC On
When Voice Change is set to On, the voice played from the
keyboard changes automatically with the melody voice of
the song. Each song is programmed with an initial voice,
and many have voice changes within the song itself.
Setting this to on ensures that the voice played from the
keyboard remains the same as the voice (or voices)
programmed to the song.
VC Off
This turns the Voice Change function off. Use this setting
when you wish to select a voice (or voices) yourself,
independent from the selections programmed to the song.
NOTE:
The songs of the PortaTone often use special voices that are
not selectable from the panel controls. These voices are
indicated by the letters “SG” in the display.
SG
Clarinet
MEASURE
001
27
Selecting and Playing Styles —
The Style Mode
The Style mode provides dynamic rhythm/accompaniment patterns — as well
as voice settings appropriate for each pattern — for various popular music
styles.
A total of 100 different styles are available, in several different categories. Each style is made up of
separate “sections” — Intro, Main A and B (with 4 Fill-ins), and Ending — letting you call up different accompaniment patterns as you perform.
The auto accompaniment features that are built into the rhythms add the excitement of instrumental
backing to your performance, letting you control the accompaniment by the chords you play. Auto
accompaniment effectively splits the keyboard into two sections: The upper is used for playing a
melody line, and the lower (labeled “ACMP” below the keyboard) is for the auto accompaniment
function.
Selecting and Playing a Style
Select the Style mode.
Press the STYLE button.
Indicates Style mode is
selected
Style name and number
001
8BtPop
TEMPO
116
Select the desired style number.
Use the numeric keypad. Available styles are listed at the center
of the panel.
Style numbers can be selected in the same way as with the
voices (see page 16). You can use the numeric keypad to
directly enter the style number, use the +/- keys to step up and
down through the styles, or press the STYLE button to advance
through the style numbers.
28
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Start the selected style.
You can do this in one of the following ways:
Pressing the START/STOP button
The rhythm starts playing
immediately without bass and
P
chord accompaniment. The
F
currently selected Main A or B
section will play. (You can
select either section by pressing
the appropriate button —
AUTO FILL/MAIN A or B —
before pressing the START/
STOP button.)
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
HINT:
The PortaTone also features chord and bass accompaniment that can be played with the rhythm. For information on this dynamic function, see page 31.
Using Sync-Start with an Intro section
First, press the MAIN A or MAIN B button — to select
which section (A or B) is to follow the Intro. Next, press
the INTRO button so that “IntromA” or “IntromB” is
shown in the display.
Indicates that Intro will be followed by
the Main A section.
Intro≥A
TEMPO
116
Using Sync-Start
The PortaTone also has a Sync-Start function that allows
you to start the rhythm/accompaniment by simply
pressing a key on the keyboard. To use Sync-Start, first
press the SYNC-START button (the handclap icon flashes to
indicate Sync-Start stand-by), then press any key in the
ACMP section of the keyboard (or any key when accompaniment is off).
ACMP SYNCON/OFF START
START/
STOP
Finally, press the SYNC-START button to enable Sync-Start,
and start the Intro section and style by playing any key in
the ACMP section of the keyboard.
ACMP SYNCON/OFF START
START/
STOP
Handclap icon
flashes
ACMP
Handclap icon
flashes
ACMP
Starting with an Intro section
First, press the MAIN A or MAIN B button — to select
which section (A or B) is to follow the Intro. Next, press
the INTRO button so that “IntromA” or “IntromB” is
shown in the display.
Indicates that Intro is on, and will be
followed by the Main A section.
About the Beat Display
The handclap icon in the display flashes in time
with the current tempo during playback of a style
(or song). The flashing pattern provides a visual
indication of both the tempo and time signature
of the style or song. (For more information, see
pages 14, 22.)
Intro≥A
TEMPO
116
P SYNCF START
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
To actually start the Intro
section and accompaniment,
press the START/STOP
button.
29
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Stop the style.
You can do this in one of three ways:
Pressing the START/STOP button
The rhythm/accompaniment stops playing immediately.
Using an Ending section
Press the INTRO/ENDING button. The style stops after the
Ending section is finished.
Pressing the SYNC-START button
This stops the style and automatically enables Sync-Start,
letting you re-start the style by simply playing a chord or
key in the ACMP section of the keyboard (or any key when
accompaniment is off).
NOTE:
To have the Ending section gradually slow down as it is
playing, press the INTRO/ENDING button twice quickly.
Style Controls
When the Style mode is active, the panel buttons below the display function as style controls.
Pressing this button
alternately enables
and cancels the bass
and chord accompaniment. (See page
31.)
Pressing this button
alternately starts and
stops style playback.
ACMP SYNCON/OFF START
Pressing this button
alternately enables and
cancels the Sync-Start
function. (See page 29.)
30
START/
STOP
INTRO/ rit
ENDING
This controls the Intro
and Ending sections.
(See pages 29, 30.)
Pressing this button
selects the Main A
section or adds a Fill-in
A section. (See page
32.)
MAIN A
MAIN B
OTS
Pressing this button
selects the Main B
section or adds a Fill-in
B section. (See page
32.)
This turns the One
Touch Setting
function on/off.
(See page 36.)
SMART
DICTIONARY
OFF
This controls the
Chord Guide
function. (See
page 37.)
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Using the Auto Accompaniment Features
Turn on the auto accompaniment.
Press the ACMP ON/OFF button to turn on (enable)
the auto accompaniment.
IN
START/
ACMP SYNCON/OFF START
STOP
EN
Indicates that auto accompaniment is on.
001
8BtPop
TEMPO
ACMP
ON
116
Select and play a style.
Select one of the styles and start playback, as described in steps 1 - 3 on page 28.
Change chords using the auto accompaniment feature.
Try playing a few successive single notes with your left hand, and notice how the bass and chord
accompaniment change with each key you play. You can also play full chords to control the auto
accompaniment. (Refer to page 33 for more information on how to use auto accompaniment.)
HINT:
The ACMP ON/OFF button can also be used to turn off and on
the bass/chord accompaniment while playing — allowing you
to create dynamic rhythmic breaks in your performance.
NOTE:
Chords played in the ACMP section of the keyboard are also
detected and played when the accompaniment is stopped. In
effect, this gives you a “split keyboard,” with bass and chords
in the left hand and the normally selected voice in the right.
Changing the Tempo
The Tempo of song (and style) playback can be adjusted over a range of 40 - 240 bpm (beats per
minute). For instructions on changing the Tempo, see page 21.
NOTE:
Each style has been given a default or standard tempo. When style playback is stopped and a different style is selected, the tempo
returns to the default setting of the new style. When switching styles during playback, the last tempo setting is maintained. (This
allows you to keep the same tempo, even when changing styles.)
31
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Style Sections (Main A, Main B) and Fill-ins
While the style is playing, you can add variation
in the rhythm/accompaniment by pressing one
of the MAIN A/B (AUTO FILL) buttons. This
automatically plays one of four Fill-in sections,
and smoothly leads into the next section —
even if it is the same section.
O/ rit
NG
MAIN A
MAIN B
OTS
NOTE:
• If you press the MAIN A or B button, the Fill-in will begin
immediately, and the newly selected section (A or B) will
actually begin playing from the top of the next measure,
unless the MAIN A or B button is pressed during the last beat
of the measure — in which case the Fill-in will begin from the
first beat of the next measure.
• Fill-in patterns are not available when one of the Piano
styles (#81 - #100) are selected.
Adjusting the Accompaniment Volume
The playback volume of the accompaniment can be adjusted. This volume control affects only the
style volume. The volume range is 000 - 127.
Select the Accompaniment Volume function in
the Overall menu.
Press the OVERALL t button, repeatedly if necessary, until “AcmpVol”
appears in the display.
Current Accompaniment Volume value
110
ACMP VOL
AcmpVol
TEMPO
ACMP
ON
116
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or
decrease the Accompaniment Volume value.
Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
Restoring the Default Value
To restore the default Accompaniment Volume value
(110), press both OVERALL +/- buttons simultaneously
(when Accompaniment Volume is selected in the
Overall menu).
32
Decreases
Accompaniment
Volume value
Increases
Accompaniment
Volume value
NOTE:
Accompaniment Volume cannot be changed unless the
Style mode is active.
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Using Auto Accompaniment — Multi Fingering
The auto accompaniment function automatically generates bass and chord accompaniment for you
to play along with, by using Multi Fingering operation. You can change the chords of the accompaniment by playing keys in the ACMP section of the keyboard using either the “Single Finger” or
“Fingered” method. With Single Finger you can simply play a one-, two- or three-finger chord
indication (see Single Finger Chords below). The Fingered technique is that of conventionally playing
all the notes of the chord. Whichever method you use, the PortaTone “understands” what chord you
indicate and then automatically generates the accompaniment.
Single Finger Chords
Chords that can be produced in Single Finger
operation are major, minor, seventh and minor
seventh. The illustration below shows how to
produce the four chord types. (The key of C is
used here as an example; other keys follow the
same rules. For example, Bb7 is played as Bb
and A.)
C
To play a major chord: Press the root
note of the chord.
Cm
To play a minor chord: Press the root
note together with any black key to the
left of it.
C7
To play a seventh chord: Press the root
note together with any white key to the
left of it.
Cm 7
To play a minor seventh chord: Press
the root note together with any white
and black keys to the left of it (three
keys altogether).
Fingered Chords
Using the key of C as an example, the chart below shows the types of chords that can be recognized
in the Fingered mode.
NOTE:
The following chords are not recognized : B minor 6, Bb minor
6, and B augmented.
Cm
Caug (7aug)
Csus 4
C7
Cm 7
CmM 7
C 7 b5
Cdim (dim7)
(
)
)
CM 7
(
(
)
(
)
(
)
C
Cm 7 b5
C 7 sus4
)
NOTE:
If the chord is inverted (i.e., C-E-G is played as G-C-E), the
PortaTone will still recognize it as a C chord. The chord
recognition system also has the following rules and exceptions:
• Minor 6th chords are recognized only in root position,
however; all other inversions are interpreted as minor 7th/
flatted 5th.
• If augmented and diminished 7th chords are inverted,
the lowest note will be recognized as the root.
• 7th flatted 5th chords may be played with the lowest
note as the root or the flatted 7th.
• Augmented 7th and diminished 7th chords are interpreted as simple augmented and diminished.
(
■ Fingered Chords in the Key of C
Cm 6
C (9)
Notes enclosed in parentheses are optional;
the chords will be recognized without them.
33
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
What is a Chord?
The simple answer: Three or more notes played simultaneously is a chord. (Two notes played
together is an “interval” — an interval being the distance between two different notes. This is
also referred to as a “harmony.”) Depending on the intervals between the three or more notes,
a chord can sound beautiful or muddy and dissonant.
The organization of notes in the example at left — a triad chord —
produces a pleasant, harmonious sound. Triads are made up of three
notes and are the most basic and common chords in most music.
In this triad, the lowest note is the “root.” The root (also called the “tonic”) is the most important note in the chord, because it anchors the sound harmonically by determining its “key” and
forms the basis for how we hear the other notes of the chord.
The second note of this chord is four semitones higher than the first, and the third is three
semitones higher than the second. Keeping our root note fixed and changing these notes by a
semitone up or down (sharp or flat), we can create four different chords.
Major chord
(ex. C)
Minor
3rd
Minor chord
(ex. Cm)
Major
3rd
Major
3rd
Minor
3rd
Augmented chord
(ex. Caug)
Major
3rd
Major
3rd
Diminished chord
(ex. Cdim)
Minor
3rd
Minor
3rd
Keep in mind that we can also change the “voicing” of a chord — for example, change the order
of the notes (called “inversions”), or play the same notes in different octaves — without changing the basic nature of the chord itself.
Inversion examples for the key of C
G
E
C
C
G
E
E
C
G
Beautiful sounding harmonies can be built in this manner. The use of intervals and chords is one
of the most important elements in music. A wide variety of emotions and feelings can be created depending on the types of chords used and the order in which they are arranged.
34
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Writing Chord Names
Knowing how to read and write chord names is an easy yet invaluable skill. Chords are often
written in a kind of shorthand that makes them instantly recognizable (and gives you the freedom to play them with the voicing or inversion that you prefer). Once you understand the basic
principles of harmony and chords, it’s very simple to use this shorthand to write out the chords
of a song.
First, write the root note of the chord in an uppercase letter. If you need to specify sharp or flat,
indicate that to the right of the root. The chord type should be indicated to the right as well.
Examples for the key of C are shown below.
Major chord
Minor chord
Augmented chord
Diminished chord
C
Cm
Caug
Cdim
For simple major chords, the type is omitted.
One important point: Chords are made up of notes “stacked” on top of each other, and the
stacked notes are indicated in the chord name of the chord type as a number — the number
being the distance of the note from the root. (See the keyboard diagram below.) For example,
the minor 6th chord includes the 6th note of the scale, the major 7th chord has the 7th note of
the scale, etc.
Dominant 7th
(flatted 7th)
The Intervals of the Scale
To better understand the intervals and the numbers
used to represent them in the chord name, study
this diagram of the C major scale:
C D E F G A B C D E F
Root
Other Chords
Csus4
5th
C7
4th
CM7
7th
Dominant
7th
Dominant
7th
5th
11th
9th
6th
Cm7
Major
chord
Cm7b5
Major
chord
Octave
7th
4th
3rd
2nd
Dominant
7th
Minor
chord
Cm6
Diminished
chord
Minor
chord
C(9)
6th
9th
35
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
One Touch Setting (OTS)
The One Touch Setting function automatically selects an appropriate voice for playing with the style
you select. In other words, when One Touch Setting is on, the voice automatically changes when you
change the style.
Select a style.
Select one of the styles, as described in steps 1 2 on page 28.
Turn on the One Touch Setting function.
Press the OTS button so that “OTS On” appears briefly in the
display.
MAIN B
OTS
SMART
DICTIONA
OFF
OTS On
TEMPO
ACMP
ON
When One Touch Setting is on, the following settings are automatically changed/made:
• Main voice (set to match the selected style)
• Multi Pad bank
• Tempo
• Accompaniment Volume
• Accompaniment On
• Sync-Start On (set to standby when rhythm is stopped)
Play the style.
Since Sync-Start is automatically set to On when One Touch Setting
is on, playing a key in the ACMP section of the keyboard starts the
style.
To turn One Touch Setting off, press the button again (so that “OTS
Off” appears in the display).
36
116
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Chord Guide
The Chord Guide functions of the PortaTone provide powerful, easy-to-use tools for learning chords
and chord relationships. Chord Guide features two different types of operation: Smart and Dictionary.
Smart
The Smart type allows you to set the basic key for the chord accompaniment. Once this is set, you
can simply press single keys in the scale and have harmonically appropriate chords played automatically. For example, with the key set to C, playing an D will result in an D minor chord (rather than a
harmonically inappropriate D major).
The Smart type is not only a convenient feature for easily playing various chord progressions in a
specified key, it’s also an excellent learning tool to find out how chords relate to each other harmonically in a given key.
Select a style.
Select one of the styles, as described in steps 1 - 2 on page 28.
SMART
DICTIONARY
OFF
TS
Select the Smart Chord Guide.
Press the CHORD GUIDE button so that “Smart”
appears briefly in the display.
NOTE:
The accompaniment is turned on automatically when Smart is
selected.
Smart
TEMPO
ACMP
ON
116
Set the desired key.
Use the +/- buttons on the numeric keypad to
step through the available keys, or use the numeric keypad to directly enter the number corresponding to the desired key (see chart below).
Indicates selected key signature (shows
number of sharps or flats in key).
01
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
#/b=0
TEMPO
ACMP
ON
116
0
37
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Number
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
Key (display indication, actual key)
#/b=0
(C, or Am)
#=1
(G, or Em)
#=2
(D, or Bm)
#=3
(A, or F#m)
#=4
(E, or C#m)
#=5
(B, or G#m)
#=6
(F#, or D#m)
#=7
(C#, or A#m)
Number
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
Key (display indication, actual key)
b=7
(Cb, or Abm)
b=6
(Gb, or Ebm)
b=5
(Db, or Bbm)
b=4
(Ab, or Fm)
b=3
(Eb, or Cm)
b=2
(Bb, or Gm)
b=1
(F, or Dm)
For example, if you want to perform with the following score, set the key to b=1 (F, or Dm)
1
2
3
4
5
6
15
b=1
TEMPO
116
ACMP
ON
7
9
8
0
Play the style, and play single note chords (root notes) in the
ACMP section.
Start style playback in the desired way. (For specific instructions on starting styles, see page 29.)
For example, when the key has been set to F major, pressing the following single notes results in
the chord progression below:
Notice that the minor chords appropriate to the key of F major are automatically converted.
Played notes
F
D
G
D
Bb
C
F
Dm
Gm
Dm
Bb
C
F
Actual chords
F
38
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Dictionary
The Dictionary type is essentially a built-in “chord book” that shows you the individual notes of
chords. It is ideal when you know the name of a certain chord and want to quickly learn how to play
it.
With the Style mode active, select
the Dictionary Chord Guide.
Dict.
TEMPO
Press the CHORD GUIDE button so that “Dict.” appears
briefly in the display.
116
ACMP
ON
ROOT
G
Specify the root of the chord.
Press the key on the keyboard that corresponds to
the desired chord root (as printed on the panel).
Pressing this key
selects the root G.
D
CHORD TYPE
E F
M7
Specify the type of the chord
(major, minor, seventh, etc.).
Pressing this key selects
the major seventh chord
type (M7).
Press the key on the keyboard that corresponds to the
desired chord type (as printed on the panel).
Notation of chord
The display shows the name of the chord, and the
individual notes — both in notation and on the
keyboard diagram.
Dict.
8va
TEMPO
116
ACMP
ON
M7
Chord name
(root and type)
Play the chord.
Play the chord (as indicated in the display) in the
ACMP section of the keyboard. The chord name
flashes when the correct notes are held down.
(Inversions for many of the chords are also recognized.)
Individual notes of
chord (keyboard)
Dict.
8va
TEMPO
ACMP
ON
116
M7
Flashes when
correct notes are
held.
Indicates notes to
be played.
39
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
Multi Pads
These convenient pads let you instantly trigger various musical and rhythmic phrases as you play the
PortaTone. There are a total of 40 different sounds or phrases (20 banks, with two pad sounds for
each bank). The phrases play back at the same speed as the Tempo setting, and they also change
harmonically along with the accompaniment chords (both in the Style and Song modes).
Select the Pad function in the Overall
menu.
Press the OVERALL t button, repeatedly if necessary, until
MULTI PAD is selected in the display.
Current Pad bank number
MULTI PAD
01
Pianist1
TEMPO
116
Select the desired bank.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or
decrease the bank number. Holding down
either button continuously increases or decreases the value. For a complete list of the
available banks and their contents, see page 45.
Play the Multi Pads.
Press one of the Pads. The phrase plays uninterrupted until it
is finished. Pressing it repeatedly (before the phrase completely plays back) creates a “stutter” effect.
In the Song and Style modes, melodic-type sounds correctly
follow the chord changes. All sounds play back in perfect
time with the current Tempo setting. When OTS is on,
appropriate Multi Pad banks for the selected style are automatically called up.
40
Decreases Pad
bank number
Increases Pad
bank number
MIDI
Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode
The PortaTone also features MIDI terminals, allowing you to interface the
PortaTone with other MIDI instruments and devices.
Transmits MIDI data
(keyboard performance) to the connected device.
Receives MIDI data
from the connected
sending device.
IN
MIDI
About MIDI
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a
worldwide standard that is built into many
electronic musical instruments and other digital
music related devices, allowing them to be
connected and “communicate” with each other.
For two MIDI instruments to communicate, they
must be connected by MIDI cables. In a basic
example, the MIDI IN and MIDI OUT terminals
of the PortaTone could be connected to the
MIDI OUT and MIDI IN terminals of a sequencer, allowing you to record and play back
performance data from the PortaTone.
The instruments communicate with each other
by sending “messages” or MIDI data. The
sending instrument usually assigns the data to
one of sixteen MIDI channels, then transmits it
over the MIDI cable. The cable itself, however,
is not divided up into sixteen channels. Just as
with a television set that receives programs on
different channels, it is up to the receiving
instrument to “tune into” the proper MIDI
channel. If the sending and receiving channels
on the respective instruments do not match, the
receiving instrument may not understand or
respond to the one sending.
How Can MIDI be Used?
In the simple, yet powerful MIDI application
example below, the Yamaha QY-70 Music
Sequencer is used to record and play back
OUT
performance data played on the PortaTone
keyboard.
Before actually recording to the sequencer,
press the ACMP button once or twice to
make sure that the current settings are sent.
001
TEMPO
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
GrandPno
MULTI PAD
TRANSPOSE
TUNING
TEMPO
116
ACMP VOL
7
SONG VOL
METRONOME
ACMP SYNCON/OFF START
START/
STOP
INTRO/ rit
ENDING
M
Connect the MIDI
OUT of the
PortaTone to the
MIDI IN of the QY70.
MAIN A
m
aug
MAIN B
dim
SMART
DICTIONARY
OFF
OTS
sus4
7
m7
M7
0
mM7
7 5
m7 5
7sus4
m6
(9)
C
C
D
D
D
E
E
F
F G
G
G A
A
A
B
B
Connect the MIDI
IN of the PortaTone
to the MIDI OUT of
the QY-70.
NOTE:
• On the PortaTone, the following channels (eight total) are
enabled for MIDI reception: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10. The MIDI
transmit channels are fixed to the following data:
Ch. 1 :
Keyboard, harmony
Ch. 2 :
Bass
Ch. 3 :
Chord
Ch. 4 - 7 : Other
Ch. 10 : Rhythm
• Parts that have been recorded using the PortaTone should
also be played back from the PortaTone. Data may not play
back as expected when using other sound sources (such as the
internal sounds of the QY-70). Also, a connected sound
source may sound at a different octave from that originally
played on the PortaTone.
• MIDI data cannot be transmitted during song playback.
• Avoid using MIDI cables 15 meters or longer, since doing so
can result in MIDI errors.
41
Troubleshooting
42
Problem
Possible Cause and Solution
When the PortaTone is turned on or off, a
popping sound is temporarily produced.
This is normal and indicates that the PortaTone is receiving
electrical power.
When using a mobile phone, noise is
produced.
Using a mobile phone in close proximity to the PortaTone
may produce interference. To prevent this, turn off the
mobile phone or use it further away from the PortaTone.
The sound of the voices or rhythms seems
unusual or strange.
The battery power is too low. Replace the batteries. (See
page 9.)
There is no sound even when the keyboard is played or when a Song is being
played back.
Check that nothing is connected to the PHONES/OUTPUT
jack on the rear panel. When a set of headphones is
plugged into this jack, no sound is output.
When one of the PIANO styles is selected
and started, the rhythm cannot be heard.
This is normal; the accompaniment of the style can only be
heard when accompaniment is set to ON and keys are
played in the ACMP section of the keyboard.
Not all notes are heard when playing a
number of notes simultaneously.
Too many keys are pressed at the same time. The
PortaTone is polyphonic up to a maximum of 16 notes.
The Pad sound is cut off or sounds
unusual.
The PortaTone is polyphonic up to a maximum of 16
notes. If a style or song is playing back at the same time a
Pad is played, some notes/sounds of the Pad may be
omitted (or “stolen”) from the accompaniment or song.
The sound of the voice changes from
note to note.
The AWM tone generation method uses multiple recordings (samples) of an instrument across the range of the
keyboard; thus, the actual sound of the voice may be
slightly different from note to note.
The melody part of the song doesn’t play.
Check that Melody Guide is turned off.
The song plays back to a certain point
and then pauses.
Check that Melody Guide is not set to “Waiting.”
The notes shown in the music staves and
keyboard diagram in the display do not
match the keys actually played.
When auto accompaniment is on, the display shows the
specific notes of the chords you play in the ACMP section
of the keyboard. If you play a single finger chord, or an
inversion of a chord, the corresponding chord will be
appropriately displayed — even if the display does not
exactly match the pressed keys.
VOICE LIST
The following voices can be selected when the Voice mode is active, or when
the Voice Change function is on. They can also be selected by a connected
MIDI device; the corresponding bank select messages are: MSB = 00H, LSB =
70H.
When selecting voices via MIDI:
* The Harmony voices (#61 - #70) and Echo voices (#81 - #90) are
sounded without the respective harmony and echo effects.
Panel Prg.
#
Ch. #
1
0
2
1
3
2
4
3
5
4
6
5
7
6
8
7
9
8
10
9
11
10
12
11
13
12
14
13
15
14
16
15
17
16
18
17
19
18
20
19
21
20
22
21
23
22
24
23
25
24
26
25
27
26
28
27
29
28
30
29
31
30
32
31
33
32
34
33
35
34
36
35
37
36
38
37
39
38
40
39
41
40
42
41
43
42
44
43
45
44
46
45
47
46
48
47
49
48
50
49
Panel Name
GRAND PIANO
PIANO
HONKY-TONK
E PIANO 1
E PIANO 2
E PIANO 3
E PIANO 4
HARPSICHORD
CLAVI
CELESTA
E ORGAN 1
E ORGAN 2
E ORGAN 3
E ORGAN 4
CHURCH ORG 1
CHURCH ORG 2
FULL ORGAN
WAVE ORGAN
ACCORDION
HARMONICA
SOFT GUITAR
FOLK GUITAR
12ST GUITAR
JAZZ GUITAR
E GUITAR
DIST GUITAR
WOOD BASS
FINGER BASS
MUTE BASS
SLAP BASS
STRINGS
VIOLIN
CELLO
HARP
SITAR
BANJO
UKULELE
VIBRAPHONE
MARIMBA
STEEL DRUMS
TRUMPET
TROMBONE
MUTE TRPET
FRENCH HORN
BRASS SECT
ALTO SAX
TENOR SAX
CLARINET
FLUTE
PAN FLUTE
Used
Notes
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Panel Prg.
#
Ch. #
51
50
52
51
53
52
54
53
55
54
56
55
57
56
58
57
59
58
60
59
61
60
62
61
63
62
64
63
65
64
66
65
67
66
68
67
69
68
70
69
71
70
72
71
73
72
74
73
75
74
76
75
77
76
78
77
79
78
80
79
81
80
82
81
83
82
84
83
85
84
86
85
87
86
88
87
89
88
90
*1
91
90
92
91
93
92
94
93
95
94
96
95
97
96
98
97
99
98
100
*2
*1
*2
Panel Name
THICK LEAD
SIMPLE LEAD
THICK SAW
SIMPLE SAW
SYNTH BASS
SY STRINGS
SY BRASS 1
SY BRASS 2
RISING
SLOW STRS
PIANO TRIO
PNO COUNTRY
E PNO TRIO
HARPSI TRIO
E ORG TRIO
VIBES DUET
TRP DUET
HORN DUET
CLARINET TR
FLUTE DUET
WD BASS/PNO
STRINGS/PNO
FN BA/E PNO
SL BA/CLAVI
FN BA/E ORG
FN BA/FK GT
HARP/VIOLIN
HORN/TRP
SY B/BRS SEC
PIANO/FLUTE
PIANO
E PIANO
HARPSICHORD
CELESTA
FOLK GUITAR
BANJO
VIBRAPHONE
MARIMBA
STEEL DRUMS
DRUM KIT
PNO CONCE
E PNO CONCE
FAIRY LAND
SUS PIANO
SUS E PNO1
SUS E PNO2
SUS E GUITAR
SUS VIBRAPHONE
SUS STRINGS
DRUM KIT
Used
Notes
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
2
3
3
3
2
2
2
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
MSB = 7FH, LSB = 00H Prg. Ch. # = 2
MSB = 7FH, LSB = 00H Prg. Ch. # = 1
43
VOICE LIST
The following voices cannot be directly selected from the panel
controls; they are special voices programmed into the songs of the
PortaTone and are selected automatically in song playback.
However, they can be selected by a connected MIDI device; the
corresponding bank select messages are: MSB = 00H, LSB = 00H.
Prg. Ch. #
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
11
12
16
17
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
36
38
40
42
46
49
51
56
57
59
60
61
44
Voice Name
Piano
Honky-tonk Piano
Electric Piano 1
Electric Piano 2
Harpsichord
Clavi
Celesta
Vibraphone
Marimba
Electric Organ 1
Electric Organ 2
Church Organ
Full Organ
Accordion
Harmonica
Wave Organ
Soft Guitar
Folk Guitar
Jazz Guitar
Electric Guitar
12-String Guitar
Rich Guitar
Distortion Guitar
Ukulele
Wood Bass
Finger Bass
Mute Bass
Slap Bass
Synth Bass
Violin
Cello
Harp
Strings
Synth Strings
Trumpet
Trombone
Muted Trumpet
French Horn
Brass Section
Used Notes
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Prg. Ch. #
63
65
66
71
73
75
80
81
82
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
98
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
114
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
Voice Name
Synth Brass
Alto Sax
Tenor Sax
Clarinet
Flute
Pan Flute
Lead
Sawtooth
Rising
Piano Concerto
Electric Piano Concerto
Fairy land
Hot Organ
Mood Guitar
Excel Violin
Star ship
Slow Strings
Crystal
Sitar
Banjo
Sustain Piano
Sustain E.Piano 1
Sustain E.Piano 2
Sustain E.Guitar
Sustain Vibraphone
Sustain Strings
Steel Drums
Sound Effect
Wood Bass / Piano
Strings / Piano
Finger Bass / Electric Piano
Slap Bass / Clavi
Finger Bass / Electric Organ
Finger Bass / Folk Guitar
Harp / Violin
Horn / Trumpet
Synth Bass / Brass Section
Piano / Flute
Used Notes
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
MULTI PAD LIST
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Name
Pianist1
Pianist2
Guitar Play
Brass
BrassHit
Funky
Techno1
Techno2
Arpeggio
Twinkle1
Twinkle2
Crystal
Bird
Africa
DrumKit
Tom_Flam
Drum_Seq
LatPerc
BongoSeq
Timbales
LCD
Pianist1
Pianist2
Gtr.Play
Brass
BrassHit
Funky
Techno1
Techno2
Arpeggio
Twinkle1
Twinkle2
Crystal
Bird
Africa
DrumKit
Tom_Flam
Drum_Seq
LatPerc
BongoSeq
Timbales
45
midi implementation chart
[Portable Keyboard]
Model: PSR-140
Function
Recognized
Default
Changed
1~7, 10
X
1~7, 10
X
Mode
Default
Messages
Altered
3
X
**************
3
X
X
: True voice
0~127
**************
0~127
0~127
Velocity
Note ON
Note OFF
O 9nH, v=1~127
X 9nH, v=0
O 9nH, v=1~127
X 9nH, v=0 or 8nH
After
Touch
key’s
Ch’s
X
X
X
X
X
X
Pitch Bender
Control Change
0, 32
1
6, 38
7
10
11
64
66
84
91
96
97
100, 101
120
121
Remarks
O
X
X
O
O
X
X
X
O
X
X
X
X
X
X
*1
O
X
X
O
O
X
O
X
O
X
X
X
X
X
X
*1
Program
Change : True #
O
**************
*2
O
*2
*2
System Exclusive
O
*3
O
*3
System
: Song Position
: Song Select
Common : Tune
X
X
X
X
X
X
System : Clock
Real Time : Commands
X
X
X
X
Aux
X
X
O
X
X
X
O
X
: Local ON/OFF
: All Notes OFF
Messages : Active Sense
: Reset
Mode 1 : OMNI ON, POLY
Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY
46
Transmitted
Basic
Channel
Note
Number
Date: 7-JAN-1999
Version: 1.0
MIDI Implementation Chart
Mode 2 : OMNI ON, MONO
Mode 4 : OMNI OFF, MONO
Bank Select MSB, LSB
Modulation Depth
Data Entry MSB, LSB
Volume
Pan
Expression
Sustain
Sostenuto
Portamento Controllers
Reverb Depth
RPN Inc
RPN Dec
RPN LSB, MSB
All Sound Off
Reset All Controllers
O : Yes
X : No
midi implementation chart
NOTE:
*1 MSB can be used to change the voice for the Melody or
Rhythm.
MSB=00H :Melody Voice
MSB=7FH : Rhythm Voice
LSB: Refer to Voice list.
*2 For program change values, refer to the voice list.
Program change and other like channel messages received
will not affect the PSR-140 panel settings or what is being
played on the keyboard.
*3 < GM System on >
F0H,7EH,7FH, 09H, 01H, F7H
All data is restored to the default values.
*4 MIDI does not function (transmit/receive) in the Song
mode.
47
SPECIFICATIONS
Keyboard
49 standard-size keys (C1 - C5)
Voices
Power supply
Adaptor: Yamaha PA-3B AC power adaptor
Batteries: Six “D” size, SUM-1, R-20 or equivalent
batteries
100 panel voices (max. polyphony: 16)
Effects
Dual (Included in Voice),
Harmony/Echo (Included in Voice),
Split (Included in Voice)
Auto Accompaniment
100 styles
Dimensions
921 x 317 x 108 mm
(36-1/4" x 12-1/2" x 4-1/4")
Weight
3.7kg (8 Ibs., 3 oz.)
Supplied accessories
Music Stand, Owner’s Manual, Song Book
Fingering: Multi Fingering
Sections: Intro, Main A, B, Ending, Fill x 4
Overall controls
Tempo, Multi Pad, Transpose, Tuning, Accompaniment
Volume, Song Volume, Metronome Volume
Style controls
Acmp On/Off, Sync-Start, Start, Stop, Intro/Ending,
Main A, B (Auto Fill), OTS, Chord Guide
Song controls
Start, Stop, Pause, A↔B Repeat, Fast Forward, Rewind,
Voice Change, Melody Guide
Portable Grand
Metronome
Panel controls
Overall (▼ , +,-), SONG, VOICE, STYLE, DEMO, numeric
keypad (0 - 9, +,-)
One Touch Setting
1/style
Multi Pads
2 pads x 20 banks
Yamaha Education Suite
Melody Guide (Waiting, Minus One), Chord Guide
(Smart, Dictionary)
Preset songs
100 songs
Display
Large multi-function LCD display (backlit)
Amplifier
2.0W + 2.0W
MIDI
IN/OUT
Auxiliary jacks
PHONES/OUTPUT, DC IN 10-12V, MIDI IN/OUT
Speakers
10cm x 2
Power consumption
9.0W (when using PA-3B power adaptor)
48
Optional accessories
Headphones:
AC power adaptor:
Keyboard stand:
HPE-150
PA-3B
L-2L, L-2C
* Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for
information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to
change or modify products or specifications at any time without
prior notice. Since specifications, equipment or options may not
be the same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha
dealer.
Index
Misc.
H
S
+/- keys ......................................... 16
Harmony voices ............................ 17
sections (style) ............................... 32
headphones .................................. 10
Single Finger chords ...................... 33
A
Smart ............................................ 37
A/B Repeat .................................... 24
I
song controls ................................ 24
AC adaptor ...................................... 9
interval .......................................... 35
Song Volume ................................. 23
accessory jacks .............................. 10
Intro .............................................. 29
songs, selecting and playing .......... 20
Accompaniment Volume ............... 32
inversion ....................................... 34
Specifications ................................ 48
amplifier / stereo system, using an
external ......................................... 10
auto accompaniment .................... 31
Split voices .................................... 17
M
style controls ................................. 30
Main A/B ....................................... 32
styles, selecting and playing .......... 28
Melody Guide ............................... 26
Sync-Start ...................................... 29
B
Metronome ................................... 13
batteries .......................................... 9
MIDI ............................................. 41
T
beat display ................................... 22
MIDI Implementation Chart .......... 46
Tempo (song) ................................ 21
MIDI, about .................................. 41
Tempo (style) ................................ 31
C
Minus One .................................... 26
Time Signature .............................. 14
Chord Guide ................................. 37
mode indicator .............................. 12
Transpose ...................................... 18
chord names, about ...................... 35
Multi Fingering ............................. 33
Troubleshooting ............................ 42
chord type .............................. 34, 39
Multi Pad List ................................ 45
Tuning .......................................... 19
chords, about ................................ 34
Multi Pads ..................................... 40
chords, Fingered ........................... 33
music stand ................................... 10
chords, Single Finger ..................... 33
D
V
Voice Change ................................ 27
N
Voice List ....................................... 43
numeric keypad ............................ 16
voices, selecting and playing ......... 15
DEMO button ............................... 11
voicing .......................................... 34
Demo songs .................................. 11
O
Dictionary ..................................... 39
One Touch Setting ........................ 36
W
display indications ......................... 12
OTS (One Touch Setting) .............. 36
Waiting ......................................... 26
Dual voices .................................... 17
Overall buttons ............................. 13
Overall indicator ............................ 12
E
Echo voices ................................... 17
P
Ending .......................................... 30
Percussion Voice Chart .................. 17
Percussion voices ........................... 17
F
PHONES / OUTPUT jack ................ 10
Fill-in ............................................. 32
Portable Grand .............................. 13
Fingered chords ............................ 33
footswitch ..................................... 10
R
root ......................................... 34, 39
49
Limited Warranty
90 DAYS LABOR
1 YEAR PARTS
Yamaha Corporation of America, hereafter referred to as Yamaha, warrants to the original consumer of a product included in the categories listed below,
that the product will be free of defects in materials and/or workmanship for the periods indicated. This warranty is applicable to all models included in
the following series of products:
PSR SERIES OF PORTATONE ELECTRONIC KEYBOARDS
If during the first 90 days that immediately follows the purchase date, your new Yamaha product covered by this warranty is found to have a defect in
material and/or workmanship, Yamaha and/or its authorized representative will repair such defect without charge for parts or labor.
If parts should be required after this 90 day period but within the one year period that immediately follows the purchase date, Yamaha will, subject to
the terms of this warranty, supply these parts without charge. However, charges for labor, and/or any miscellaneous expenses incurred are the consumers
responsibility. Yamaha reserves the right to utilize reconditioned parts in repairing these products and/or to use reconditioned units as warranty
replacements.
THIS WARRANTY IS THE ONLY EXPRESS WARRANTY WHICH YAMAHA MAKES IN CONNECTION WITH THESE PRODUCTS.
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY APPLICABLE TO THE PRODUCT, INCLUDING THE WARRANTY OF MERCHANT ABILITY IS
LIMITED TO THE DURATION OF THE EXPRESS WARRANTY. YAMAHA EXCLUDES AND SHALL NOT BE LIABLE IN ANY
EVENT FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
Some states do not allow limitations that relate to implied warranties and/or the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages. Therefore, these
limitations and exclusions may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
CONSUMERS RESPONSIBILITIES
If warranty service should be required, it is necessary that the consumer assume certain responsibilities:
1. Contact the Customer Service Department of the retailer selling the product, or any retail outlet authorized by Yamaha to sell the product for assistance.
You may also contact Yamaha directly at the address provided below.
2. Deliver the unit to be serviced under warranty to: the retailer selling the product, an authorized service center, or to Yamaha with an explanation of
the problem. Please be prepared to provide proof purchase date (sales receipt, credit card copy, etc.) when requesting service and/or parts under
warranty.
3. Shipping and/or insurance costs are the consumers responsibility.* Units shipped for service should be packed securely.
*Repaired units will be returned PREPAID if warranty service is required within the first 90 days.
IMPORTANT: Do NOT ship anything to ANY location without prior authorization. A Return Authorization (RA) will be issued that has a
tracking number assigned that will expedite the servicing of your unit and provide a tracking system if needed.
4. Your owners manual contains important safety and operating instructions. It is your responsibility to be aware of the contents of this manual and to
follow all safety precautions.
EXCLUSIONS
This warranty does not apply to units whose trade name, trademark, and/or ID numbers have been altered, defaced, exchanged removed, or to failures
and/or damages that may occur as a result of:
1. Neglect, abuse, abnormal strain, modification or exposure to extremes in temperature or humidity.
2. Improper repair or maintenance by any person who is not a service representative of a retail outlet authorized by Yamaha to sell the product, an
authorized service center, or an authorized service representative of Yamaha.
3. This warranty is applicable only to units sold by retailers authorized by Yamaha to sell these products in the U.S.A., the District of Columbia, and
Puerto Rico. This warranty is not applicable in other possessions or territories of the U.S.A. or in any other country.
Please record the model and serial number of the product you have purchased in the spaces provided below.
Model___________________________
Serial #________________________________
Sales Slip #________________________________
Purchased from____________________________________________________________ Date______________________________________
(Retailer)
YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA
Electronic Service Division
6600 Orangethorpe Avenue
Buena Park, CA 90620
KEEP THIS DOCUMENT FOR YOUR RECORDS. DO NOT MAIL!
For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the
authorized distributor listed below.
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha
ou au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante.
NORTH AMERICA
CANADA
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario,
M1S 3R1, Canada
Tel: 416-298-1311
U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620,
U.S.A.
Tel: 714-522-9011
CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA
MEXICO
Yamaha de Mexico S.A. De C.V.,
Departamento de ventas
Javier Rojo Gomez No.1149, Col. Gpe Del
Moral, Deleg. Iztapalapa, 09300 Mexico, D.F.
Tel: 686-00-33
BRAZIL
Yamaha Musical do Brasil LTDA.
Av. Rebouças 2636, São Paulo, Brasil
Tel: 011-853-1377
Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer unten aufgeführten Niederlassung und bei Yamaha Vertragshändlern in den jeweiligen
Bestimmungsländern erhältlich.
Para detalles sobre productos, contacte su tienda Yamaha más cercana
o el distribuidor autorizado que se lista debajo.
ASIA
ITALY
Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A.,
Home Keyboard Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate (Milano), Italy
Tel: 02-935-771
SPAIN/PORTUGAL
Yamaha-Hazen Electronica Musical, S.A.
Jorge Juan 30, 28001, Madrid, Spain
Tel: 91-577-7270
GREECE
Philippe Nakas S.A.
Navarinou Street 13, P.Code 10680, Athens, Greece
Tel: 01-364-7111
SWEDEN
Yamaha Music Argentina S.A.
Viamonte 1145 Piso2-B 1053,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: 1-371-7021
PANAMA AND OTHER LATIN
AMERICAN COUNTRIES/
CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha de Panama S.A.
Torre Banco General, Piso 7, Urbanización Marbella,
Calle 47 y Aquilino de la Guardia,
Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
Tel: 507-269-5311
EUROPE
THE UNITED KINGDOM
Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes,
MK7 8BL, England
Tel: 01908-366700
GERMANY/SWITZERLAND
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen,
F.R. of Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
AUSTRIA
Yamaha Music Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien Austria
Tel: 01-60203900
THE NETHERLANDS
Yamaha Music Nederland
Kanaalweg 18G, 3526KL, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Tel: 030-2828411
BELGIUM
Yamaha Music Belgium
Keiberg Imperiastraat 8, 1930 Zaventem, Belgium
Tel: 02-7258220
FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France,
Division Claviers
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vallée Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000
INDONESIA
PT. Yamaha Music Indonesia (Distributor)
PT. Nusantik
Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia
Tel: 21-520-2577
KOREA
MALAYSIA
Yamaha Music Malaysia, Sdn., Bhd.
Lot 8, Jalan Perbandaran, 47301 Kelana Jaya,
Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 3-703-0900
DENMARK
YS Copenhagen Liaison Office
Generatorvej 8B
DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark
Tel: 44 92 49 00
PHILIPPINES
Yupangco Music Corporation
339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, P.O. Box 885 MCPO,
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: 819-7551
F-Musiikki Oy
Kluuvikatu 6, P.O. Box 260,
SF-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: 09 618511
SINGAPORE
NORWAY
Norsk filial av Yamaha Scandinavia AB
Grini Næringspark 1
N-1345 Østerås, Norway
Tel: 67 16 77 70
Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd.
Blk 202 Hougang, Street 21 #02-01,
Singapore 530202
Tel: 747-4374
TAIWAN
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
10F, 150, Tun-Hwa Northroad,
Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Tel: 02-2713-8999
ICELAND
Skifan HF
Skeifan 17 P.O. Box 8120
IS-128 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: 525 5000
THAILAND
OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, F.R. of
Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
IRELAND
Danfay Ltd.
61D, Sallynoggin Road, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin
Tel: 01-2859177
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd.
11/F., Silvercord Tower 1, 30 Canton Road,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 2737-7688
Cosmos Corporation
#131-31, Neung-Dong, Sungdong-Ku, Seoul
Korea
Tel: 02-466-0021~5
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J. A. Wettergrens Gata 1
Box 30053
S-400 43 Göteborg, Sweden
Tel: 031 89 34 00
FINLAND
ARGENTINA
HONG KONG
AFRICA
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2312
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd.
121/60-61 RS Tower 17th Floor,
Ratchadaphisek RD., Dindaeng,
Bangkok 10320, Thailand
Tel: 02-641-2951
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
AND OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2317
OCEANIA
AUSTRALIA
MIDDLE EAST
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd.
17-33 Market Street, South Melbourne, Vic. 3205,
Australia
Tel: 3-699-2388
TURKEY/CYPRUS
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen,
F.R. of Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
NEW ZEALAND
OTHER COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2312
Music Houses of N.Z. Ltd.
146/148 Captain Springs Road, Te Papapa,
Auckland, New Zealand
Tel: 9-634-0099
COUNTRIES AND TRUST
TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2317
HEAD OFFICE Yamaha Corporation, Electronic Musical Instrument Division
[PK] 16
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-3273
M.D.G., EMI Division © 1999 Yamaha Corporation
V352360 ???PO???.?-01A0 Printed in Malaysia