Yamaha Portatone PSR-270 Specifications

SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
This product utilizes batteries or an external power supply (adapter).
DO NOT connect this product to any power supply or adapter other
than one described in the manual, on the name plate, or specifically
recommended by Yamaha.
This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a
cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is
used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that accompany the accessory product.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE:
The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the
time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to change or
modify any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update
existing units.
This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speaker/s, may be capable of producing sound levels that
could cause permanent hearing loss. DO NOT operate for long periods
of time at a high volume level or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you
experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, you should consult
an audiologist.
IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the time period before
damage occurs.
NOTICE:
Service charges incurred due to a lack of knowledge relating to how a
function or effect works (when the unit is operating as designed) are not
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, and are therefore the owners
responsibility. Please study this manual carefully and consult your
dealer before requesting service.
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:
Yamaha strives to produce products that are both user safe and environmentally friendly. We sincerely believe that our products and the
production methods used to produce them, meet these goals. In keeping with both the letter and the spirit of the law, we want you to be
aware of the following:
Battery Notice:
This product MAY contain a small non-rechargeable battery which (if
applicable) is soldered in place. The average life span of this type of
92-BP (bottom)
battery is approximately five years. When replacement becomes
necessary, contact a qualified service representative to perform the
replacement.
This product may also use “household” type batteries. Some of these
may be rechargeable. Make sure that the battery being charged is a
rechargeable type and that the charger is intended for the battery
being charged.
When installing batteries, do not mix batteries with new, or with batteries of a different type. Batteries MUST be installed correctly. Mismatches or incorrect installation may result in overheating and battery
case rupture.
Warning:
Do not attempt to disassemble, or incinerate any battery. Keep all
batteries away from children. Dispose of used batteries promptly and
as regulated by the laws in your area. Note: Check with any retailer of
household type batteries in your area for battery disposal information.
Disposal Notice:
Should this product become damaged beyond repair, or for some
reason its useful life is considered to be at an end, please observe all
local, state, and federal regulations that relate to the disposal of products that contain lead, batteries, plastics, etc. If your dealer is unable
to assist you, please contact Yamaha directly.
NAME PLATE LOCATION:
The name plate is located on the bottom of the product. The model
number, serial number, power requirements, etc., are located on this
plate. You should record the model number, serial number, and the
date of purchase in the spaces provided below and retain this manual
as a permanent record of your purchase.
Model
Serial No.
Purchase Date
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not
expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted
by the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/
or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s
supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation
instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC
authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with
the requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B”
digital devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a
reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a
residential environment will not result in harmful interference with
other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio
frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in the users manual, may cause interference harmful
to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC
regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur in
all installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be determined by turning the unit “OFF” and
“ON”, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the
following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by
the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker
or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the
lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results,
please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type
of product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please
contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA90620
The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed
by Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
(class B)
Entsorgung leerer Batterien (nur innerhalb Deutschlands)
Leisten Sie einen Beitrag zum Umweltschutz. Verbrauchte Batterien oder Akkumulatoren dürfen nicht in den Hausmüll. Sie können bei einer
Sammelstelle für Altbatterien bzw. Sondermüll abgegeben werden. Informieren Sie sich bei Ihrer Kommune.
(battery)
PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
* Please keep these precautions in a safe place for future reference.
WARNING
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death from electrical shock,
short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
• Do not open the instrument or attempt to disassemble the internal parts
or modify them in any way. The instrument contains no user-serviceable
parts. If it should appear to be malfunctioning, discontinue use immediately and have it inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Do not expose the instrument to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet
conditions, or place containers on it containing liquids which might spill
into any openings.
• If the AC adaptor cord or plug becomes frayed or damaged, or if there is
a sudden loss of sound during use of the instrument, or if any unusual
smells or smoke should appear to be caused by it, immediately turn off
the power switch, disconnect the adaptor plug from the outlet, and have
the instrument inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Use the specified adaptor (PA-3B or an equivalent recommended by
Yamaha) only. Using the wrong adaptor can result in damage to the instrument or overheating.
• Before cleaning the instrument, always remove the electric plug from the
outlet. Never insert or remove an electric plug with wet hands.
• Check the electric plug periodically and remove any dirt or dust which
may have accumulated on it.
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage to the
instrument or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
• Do not place the AC adaptor cord near heat sources such as heaters or
radiators, and do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord,
place heavy objects on it, or place it in a position where anyone could
walk on, trip over, or roll anything over it.
• When removing the electric plug from the instrument or an outlet, always
hold the plug itself and not the cord.
• Do not connect the instrument to an electrical outlet using a multipleconnector. Doing so can result in lower sound quality, or possibly cause
overheating in the outlet.
• Unplug the AC power adaptor when not using the instrument, or during
electrical storms.
• Always make sure all batteries are inserted in conformity with the +/polarity markings. Failure to do so might result in overheating, fire, or
battery fluid leakage.
• Always replace all batteries at the same time. Do not use new batteries
together with old ones. Also, do not mix battery types, such as alkaline
batteries with manganese batteries, or batteries from different makers, or
different types of batteries from the same maker, since this can cause
overheating, fire, or battery fluid leakage.
• Do not dispose of batteries in fire.
• Do not attempt to recharge batteries that are not intended to be charged.
• If the instrument is not to be in use for a long time, remove the batteries
from it, in order to prevent possible fluid leakage from the battery.
• Keep batteries away from children.
• Before connecting the instrument to other electronic components, turn off
the power for all components. Before turning the power on or off for all
components, set all volume levels to minimum.
• Do not expose the instrument to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme
cold or heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the
day) to prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the
internal components.
1
(4)-3
• Do not use the instrument near other electrical products such as televisions, radios, or speakers, since this might cause interference which can
affect proper operation of the other products.
• Do not place the instrument in an unstable position where it might accidentally fall over.
• Before moving the instrument, remove all connected adaptor and other cables.
• When cleaning the instrument, use a soft, dry cloth. Do not use paint
thinners, solvents, cleaning fluids, or chemical-impregnated wiping cloths.
Also, do not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the instrument, since
this might discolor the panel or keyboard.
• Do not rest your weight on, or place heavy objects on the instrument, and
do not use excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors.
• Use only the stand/rack specified for the instrument. When attaching the
stand or rack, use the provided screws only. Failure to do so could cause
damage to the internal components or result in the instrument falling over.
• Do not operate the instrument for a long period of time at a high or uncomfortable volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing loss. If you
experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a physician.
■SAVING USER DATA
• Save all data to an external device such as the Yamaha MIDI Data Filer
MDF3, in order to help prevent the loss of important data due to a malfunction or user operating error.
Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the instrument, or data that is lost or destroyed.
Always turn the power off when the instrument is not in use.
Make sure to discard used batteries according to local regulations.
* The illustrations and LCD screens as shown in this owner’s manual are for instructional purposes only, and may be different from the ones on your instrument.
3
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha
PSR-270 PortaTone!
You now own a portable keyboard that combines advanced functions, great sound and exceptional ease-of-use in a highly compact
package. Its outstanding features also make it a remarkably expressive and versatile instrument.
Read this Owner’s Manual carefully while playing your new
PortaTone in order to take full advantage of its various features.
Main Features
The PSR-270 is a sophisticated yet easy-to-use keyboard
with the following features and functions:
Yamaha Education Suite
................................................ Pages 60-71
The PortaTone features the new Yamaha Education
Suite — a set of learning tools that utilize the latest
technology to make studying and practicing music
more fun and fulfilling than ever before!
The Yamaha Education Suite includes:
Chord Guide functions in the Style mode —
Smart and Dictionary — that make it exceptionally
easy to learn chords and chord relationships.
There’s also a powerful EZ Chord function that lets
you easily record and play back chord progressions.
• Smart lets you easily play harmonically “correct”
chord progressions for whatever key you specify. It’s
great for learning — and performing!
• Dictionary is a built-in “chord encyclopedia” that
teaches you how to play specific chords. You type
in the chord name, and the PortaTone shows you
which notes to play!
• EZ Chord is a powerful and simple way to program and play chord progressions. Record all the
chord changes you need for a song, then play back
the chords one after another by simply playing a
single key!
Portable Grand ............................ Page 24
The PortaTone also has a Portable Grand function for
realistic piano performance. Pressing the PORTABLE
GRAND button instantly calls up the stunningly
authentic “Stereo Sampled Piano” voice and configures
the entire PortaTone for optimum piano play. Special
Pianist styles — with piano-only accompaniment — are
also provided.
Other powerful features include:
• Exceptionally realistic and dynamic sounds with 100
voices, utilizing digital recordings of actual instruments.
• Dual voice and Split voice modes that let you layer two
voices together or assign two voices to separate sections of
the keyboard
• Four high-quality effects — Reverb, Chorus, DSP, and
Harmony — each with a variety of different types.
• 100 auto accompaniment styles, each with different
Intro, Main A and B, and Ending sections. All styles
(except for the Pianist styles) also have their own four Fillin patterns. The PortaTone also gives you convenient
control over accompaniment Styles — including Tempo
and independent Accompaniment Volume.
• Powerful song recording operations for recording and
playing back complete compositions (three User songs are
available). Up to six tracks can be recorded to a song,
including a special chord track for style accompaniment.
• One Touch Setting (OTS), for automatically calling up an
appropriate voice for playing with the selected style. Plus,
there are 16 User OTS memory spaces that let you save
your custom panel settings for instant recall.
• Touch response (with front panel on/off switch) for
maximum expressive level control over the voices. This
also works in conjunction with the Dynamic Filter, which
dynamically adjusts the timbre or tone of a voice according to your playing strength — just a like a real musical
instrument!
• Convenient footswitch control over various functions —
including sustain, start/stop, and more.
• GM (General MIDI) compatibility and full GM voice set.
• Large custom LCD (backlit) gives you easy, at-a-glance
confirmation of all important settings, as well as chord and
note indications.
• Comprehensive MIDI functions that let you integrate the
PortaTone into a MIDI music system, for sequence recording and other advanced applications.
• Built-in, high-quality stereo amplifier/speaker system.
4
2
Contents
PANEL CONTROLS AND
TERMINALS
EFFECTS
6
• Front Panel ............................... 6
• Rear Panel ................................ 7
SETTING UP
8
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POWER REQUIREMENTS ................. 8
TURNING ON THE POWER ............. 8
ACCESSORY JACKS ......................... 9
Quick Guide —
How to Use Your New
PSR-270 PortaTone
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Step 5
Step 6
10
Voices ............................. 10
Auto Accompaniment .... 12
Chord Guide .................. 14
Songs ............................. 16
Function Parameters ...... 18
MIDI ............................... 20
PANEL DISPLAY INDICATIONS 22
• Music Stand ........................... 23
PORTABLE GRAND
24
PLAYING THE PORTABLE GRAND .. 24
USING THE METRONOME .............. 24
• Setting the Metronome
Time Signature ....................... 25
• Adjusting the Metronome
Volume ................................... 26
PLAYING VOICES —
THE VOICE MODE
27
PLAYING A VOICE — MAIN VOICE 27
• About Panel Voices and
GM Voices .............................. 29
• Drum Kit Voice Chart
(voices 101 - 110) .................. 30
Function Parameters — Main Voice 30
TRANSPOSE AND TUNING ............. 32
Transpose .................................... 32
Tuning ......................................... 33
PLAYING TWO VOICES —
DUAL VOICE ................................... 34
Function Parameters — Dual Voice 35
PLAYING TWO VOICES —
SPLIT VOICE .................................... 36
Function Parameters — Split Voice 37
ADDITIONAL VOICE
FUNCTIONS — VOICE SET AND
TOUCH SENSITIVITY ...................... 38
Function Parameters —
Voice Set and Touch Sensitivity ..... 39
40
REVERB ............................................ 40
CHORUS .......................................... 41
DSP ................................................. 42
HARMONY ...................................... 43
Function Parameters — Effects ...... 44
• Effect Types ............................ 45
SELECTING AND PLAYING
SONGS — THE SONG MODE
SONG RECORDING
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT —
THE STYLE MODE
47
SELECTING A STYLE AND
PLAYING THE ACCOMPANIMENT .. 47
ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROLS ..... 52
USING THE AUTO
ACCOMPANIMENT FEATURES ........ 52
CHANGING THE TEMPO ................ 53
ACCOMPANIMENT SECTIONS
(MAIN A, MAIN B AND FILL-INS) ... 54
ADJUSTING THE
ACCOMPANIMENT VOLUME ......... 55
USING AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT —
MULTI FINGERING .......................... 56
Single Finger Chords .................. 56
Fingered Chords ......................... 56
SETTING THE ACCOMPANIMENT
SPLIT POINT ................................... 58
Function Parameter —
Accompaniment Split Point .......... 59
WHAT IS A CHORD? ....................... 60
WRITING CHORD NAMES .............. 61
The Intervals of the Scale ........... 61
Other Chords .............................. 61
CHORD GUIDE ................................ 62
Dictionary ................................... 62
Smart ........................................... 64
• Smart Chord List .................... 65
EZ Chord ..................................... 66
EZ Chord — Playback ................... 66
• Bank Chain ............................. 67
EZ Chord — Recording ................. 68
• Recording a Space .................. 69
• Playing the Accompaniment
During EZ Chord Recording ... 69
• HINT — Using Spaces............. 70
Clearing an EZ Chord Bank ........... 71
ONE TOUCH SETTING (OTS)
72
ONE TOUCH SETTING — USER ...... 72
Recording a User One Touch
Setting ......................................... 72
Recalling a User One Touch Setting 73
• Selecting a User Bank ............. 73
ONE TOUCH SETTING — PRESET ... 74
Selecting a Preset One Touch
Setting ......................................... 74
75
SELECTING AND PLAYING A SONG 75
CHANGING THE TEMPO ................ 76
ABOUT THE BEAT DISPLAY ............. 77
ADJUSTING THE SONG VOLUME ... 78
79
RECORDING A USER SONG —
REALTIME RECORDING .................. 80
• Using the Metronome ............ 81
• Additional Operations ............ 83
RECORDING A USER SONG —
STEP RECORDING ........................... 84
Recording Notes ........................... 85
• Additional Operations ............ 87
Replacing a Note or Rest .............. 88
Entering Velocity Curves ............... 89
• Velocity Curve Chart ............... 89
CLEARING A SONG ......................... 90
FOOTSWITCH
91
• Footswitch Assign Functions ... 92
MIDI FUNCTIONS
93
WHAT IS MIDI? ............................... 93
Channel Messages ........................ 94
System Messages .......................... 94
• MIDI Terminals ....................... 94
CONNECTING TO A PERSONAL
COMPUTER ..................................... 95
FUNCTION PARAMETERS — MIDI .. 96
USING BULK DUMP SEND
TO SAVE DATA ................................ 99
Saving Bulk Data .......................... 99
Loading Bulk Data ...................... 101
USING INITIAL SETUP SEND
WITH A SEQUENCER .................... 102
Sending Initial Setup Data .......... 102
TROUBLESHOOTING .................... 104
DATA BACKUP & INITIALIZATION 105
SPECIFICATIONS ........................... 106
SONG SCORES
(EZ Chord banks 1, 2) ................... 107
VOICE LIST .................................... 108
STYLE LIST .................................... 111
DRUM KIT LIST ............................. 112
MIDI IMPLEMENTATION CHART .. 114
INDEX ........................................... 117
3
5
PANEL CONTROLS AND TERMINALS
Front Panel
8BEAT
16BEAT
ROCK-A-BALLAD
6/8 BALLAD
8BEAT
SWING
DANCE
DISCO
JAZZ BALLAD
ROCK
2BEAT
ROCK & ROLL
BOOGIE
RHYTHM & BLUES
RAGTIME
CONTEMPORARY JAZZ
ARPEGGIO
TRADITIONAL JAZZ
WALTZ
AMERICAS
HAPPY
COUNTRY & WESTERN
BALLROOM LATIN
BALLROOM STANDARD
MARCH & WALTZ
MAIN VOICE
LATIN
DUAL VOICE
CARIBBEAN
SPLIT VOICE
EFFECT
ONE TOUCH SETTING
STYLE
SONG
UTILITY
MIDI
쐆
001GrandPno
VOICE
STYLE
TEMPO
TRANSPOSE
TUNING
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
METRONOME
VOLUME
MEASURE
PIANO
CHROMATIC
ORGAN
GUITAR
BASS
STRINGS
ENSEMBLE
BRASS
REED
PIPE
SYNTH LEAD
SYNTH PAD
SYNTH EFFECTS
ETHNIC
PERCUSSIVE
SOUND EFFECTS
PIANO
MALLET
ORGAN
GUITAR
BASS
ENSEMBLE
STRINGS
BRASS
REED
PIPE
SYNTH LEAD
SYNTH PAD
DRUM KITS
쐇
001 116
TEMPO
TOUCH
쐃
MIN
MAX
쐅 쐈
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
쐉
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
46
2 47
3 48
49
2 50
51
3 52
L 53
54
H 55
56
L 57
58
M 59
L
A
rit.
MAIN
M 60
H
쐋
B
AUTO FILL
(9)
M
45
씉
씈
C 61
1
6
H 62
mM7
R 63
1
쐏
씊
CHORD
GUIDE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
m
M7
씋
64
쐃 MASTER VOLUME dial
This determines the overall volume of the
PortaTone.
쐇 OVERALL buttons (▲, ▼, +, -)
쐂
1
RECORD
m(9)
R 65
쐄
3
쐊
USER
PRESET
S 67
m7(9)
68
m7
C 69
2
m7 5
7( 9)
7
70
R 71
2
H 72
7(9)
L 73
씏
REVERB
6~16
5
4
쐎 씎
METRONOME
DUAL
HARMONY
SONG TRACK
m6
66
2
씌
7( 9)
7( 13)
74
H 75
7(13)
7( 11)
L 76
dim7
H 77
씍
L 78
dim
H 79
7aug
L 80
aug
7sus4
81
sus4
82
H 83
C
L 84
C /D
D
85
D /E
86
• Setting the time signature for the Metronome (page 25)
• Setting the key signature for the Smart
Chord function (page 64)
These are for selecting the various “overall”
functions and setting their values. (See pages
22, 24.)
쐊 PORTABLE GRAND button
쐋 FUNCTION button
쐎 METRONOME button
This selects the Function mode. (See page 18.)
This turns the metronome on and off. (See page
24.)
쐏 SONG button
This selects the Song mode. (See pages 16, 75.)
쐄 STYLE button
This selects the Style mode. (See pages 12, 47.)
쐂 VOICE button
This instantly changes to the Voice mode and
calls up the Grand Piano voice. (See page 24.)
쐅 ACMP ON/OFF button
When the Style mode is selected, this turns the
auto accompaniment on and off. (See page 52.)
This button has no function in the Song Play
mode.
This selects the Voice mode. (See pages 10, 27.)
쐈 SYNC-START button
쐆 Numeric keypad, +/- buttons
This turns the Sync-Start function on and off.
(See page 48.)
These are for selecting songs, voices, and styles.
(See pages 28, 47, and 76.) They are also used
for making various settings, such as:
• Selecting and changing the Function
parameters (page 18)
• Setting note values and other settings for
the Step Record function (page 85)
쐉 START/STOP button
When the Style mode is selected, this alternately
starts and stops the auto accompaniment. (See
page 48.) In the Song mode, this alternately
starts and stops song playback. (See page 76.)
6
4
PANEL CONTROLS AND TERMINALS
씈 INTRO/ENDING button
When the Style mode is selected, this is used to
control the Intro and Ending functions. (See
pages 49, 51.)
to select the One Touch Setting registrations
(page 73). When the Song mode is selected,
these are used to select specific tracks (pages 81,
85).
씉 MAIN A/B (AUTO FILL) buttons
씍 HARMONY button
When the Style mode is selected, these are used
to change auto accompaniment sections and
control the Auto Fill function. (See page 54.)
This turns the Harmony effect on and off. (See
page 43.)
씊 CHORD GUIDE button
When the Style mode is selected, this is used to
control the Chord Guide functions. (See page
62.)
씋 RECORD button
This is used for selecting and enabling the
recording functions: Song (pages 80, 84), EZ
Chord (page 68), and One Touch Setting (page
72).
씌 ONE TOUCH SETTING / SONG MEMORY
buttons
When the Style mode is selected, these are used
씎 REVERB button
This turns the Reverb effect on and off. (See
page 40.)
씏 DUAL button
This turns the Dual mode on and off. (See page
34.)
TOUCH button
This turns the Touch function on and off. (See
page 38.)
Power switch (STANDBY/ON)
DEMO button
This is used to play the Demo songs. (See page
16.)
Rear Panel
쐃
쐇
쐋
DC IN 10-12V
PHONES/
OUTPUT
FOOT SWITCH
쐏
IN
MIDI
OUT
쐃 DC IN 10-12V jack
쐋 FOOT SWITCH jack
This is for connection to a PA-3B AC power
adaptor. (See page 8.)
This is for connection to an optional FC4 or FC5
Footswitch. The footswitch is generally used to
control sustain, but it can conveniently be set to
control one of a variety of functions instead.
(See pages 9, 91.)
쐇 PHONES/OUTPUT jack
This is for connection to a set of stereo headphones or to an external amplifier/speaker
system. (See page 9.)
쐏 MIDI IN, OUT terminals
These are for connection to other MIDI instruments and devices. (See page 94.)
5
7
SETTING UP
This section contains information about setting up your PortaTone for playing.
Make sure to read this section carefully before using the instrument.
POWER REQUIREMENTS
Although the PSR-270 will run either from an
optional AC adaptor or batteries, Yamaha recommends use of an AC adaptor whenever
possible. An AC adaptor is more environmentally friendly than batteries and does not deplete
resources.
Never interrupt the power supply (e.g. remove the batteries or
unplug the AC adaptor) during any PSR-270 record operation!
Doing so can result in a loss of data.
Using an AC Power Adaptor
To connect your PortaTone to a wall socket, you
will need the optionally available Yamaha PA-3B
Power Adaptor. Use of other AC adaptors could
result in damage to the instrument, so be sure to
ask for the right kind. Connect one end of the
adaptor to the DC IN 10-12V jack on the rear
panel of your PortaTone, and the other end to a
suitable electrical outlet.
BATTERIES 1.5V x 6
■ When the Batteries Run Down
When the batteries run low and the battery
voltage drops below a certain level, the
PortaTone may not sound or function properly.
As soon as this happens, replace them with a
complete set of six new batteries.
• Never mix old and new batteries or different types of
batteries (e.g., alkaline and manganese).
• To prevent possible damage from battery leakage, remove
the batteries from the instrument if it is not to be used for a
long time.
TURNING ON THE POWER
• Use ONLY a Yamaha PA-3B AC Power Adaptor (or other
adaptor specifically recommended by Yamaha) to power your
instrument from the AC mains. The use of other adaptors may
result in irreparable damage to both the adaptor and the PSR270.
• Unplug the AC Power Adaptor when not using the PSR-270,
or during electrical storms.
With the AC power adaptor connected or with
batteries installed, simply press the power switch
until it locks in the ON position. When the
instrument is not in use, be sure to turn the
power off. (Press the switch again so that it
pops up.)
Using Batteries
■ Inserting Batteries
Turn the instrument upside-down and remove
the battery compartment lid. Insert six 1.5-volt
size “D” (SUM-1, R-20 or equivalent) batteries as
shown in the illustration, making sure that the
positive and negative terminals are properly
aligned, and replace the lid.
Even when the switch is in the “STANDBY” position, electricity
is still flowing to the instrument at the minimum level. When
you are not using the PSR-270 for a long time, make sure you
unplug the AC power adaptor from the wall AC outlet, and/or
remove the batteries from the instrument.
8
6
SETTING UP
ACCESSORY JACKS
■ Using Headphones
For private practicing and playing without
disturbing others, connect a set of stereo headphones to the rear panel PHONES/OUTPUT jack.
Sound from the built-in speaker system is automatically cut off when you insert a headphone
plug into this jack.
PHONES/
OUTPUT
FOOT SWITCH
■ Connecting a Keyboard Amplifier or Stereo
System
Though the PortaTone is equipped with a builtin speaker system, you can also play it through
an external amplifier/speaker system. First,
make sure the PortaTone and any external
devices are turned off, then connect one end of
a stereo audio cable to the LINE IN or AUX IN
jack(s) of the other device and the other end to
the rear panel PHONES/OUTPUT jack on the
PortaTone.
PHONES/
OUTPUT
■ Using a Footswitch
This feature lets you use an optional footswitch
(Yamaha FC4 or FC5) to sustain the sound of the
voices, or control a variety of other functions.
(See page 91.) When this is used for sustain, the
footswitch functions the same way as a damper
pedal on an acoustic piano — press and hold
down the footswitch as you play the keyboard
to sustain the sound.
• Make sure that the footswitch plug is properly connected to
the FOOT SWITCH jack before turning on the power.
• Do not press the footswitch while turning the power on.
Doing this changes the recognized polarity of the footswitch,
resulting in reversed footswitch operation.
■ Using the MIDI Terminals
The PortaTone also
features MIDI terminals, allowing you to
interface the
PortaTone with other
MIDI instruments and
devices. (For more
information, see
pages 20, 93.)
MIDI instrument
IN
MIDI
OUT
Stereo system
To prevent damage to the speakers, set the volume of the
external devices at the minimum setting before connecting
them. Failure to observe these cautions may result in electric
shock or equipment damage.
7
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,,,,,,
Quick Guide — How to
Use Your New PSR-270
PortaTone
Step 1
Voices
Playing the Piano Voice
This brief, easy-to-follow section shows you how to
use the basic features and functions of your new
PSR-270 PortaTone. If you’ve never touched an
electronic keyboard before, reading and going
through the steps in this section will make you
familiar with the PortaTone in a very short time. It
will also give you the tools you need to explore the
advanced capabilities of the instrument and use
them effectively in your own music. Good
luck...and enjoy!
Portable Grand
z Press the PORTABLE GRAND
button.
METRONOME
VOICE
STYLE
MEASURE
001GrandPno
001 063
TEMPO
The Grand Piano voice is automatically
selected.
x Play the keyboard.
VOICE
STYLE
TEMPO
001GrandPno
TRANSPOSE
Want to find out more? See page 24.
TUNING
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
METRONOME
VOLUME
MEASURE
TEMPO
001 116
TOUCH
q
USER
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
CHORD
GUIDE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
RECORD
1
2
3
5
4
METRONOME
REVERB
6~16
x
DUAL
HARMONY
SONG TRACK
z
2 1
PRESET
z q
Selecting other voices
The PSR-270 features a total of 238 high-quality voices. Let’s try a few of them out...
Panel voices ........... 1 - 100 (100 voices)
101 - 110 (10 drum kit voices)
GM voices .............. 111 - 238 (128 voices)
z Enter the Voice mode.
c Play the keyboard.
x Select a voice.
VOICE
STYLE
002BritePno
Want to find out more? See page 27.
10
8
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Step1
Voices
Playing along with the Metronome
Changing the Metronome Volume
q Press the METRONOME button.
1
METRONOME
Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons until
“MtrVol” is shown in the display.
Want to find out more? See page 24.
Changing the time signature of the Metronome
VOICE
STYLE
q Simultaneously hold down the METRONOME button
and one of the number buttons (1 - 9) on the
numeric keypad.
METRONOME
VOLUME
MEASURE
100MtrVol
001 063
TEMPO
METRONOME
2
+
Press the OVERALL + or - button to raise or lower
the value.
Normally, the Metronome is set to play in 4/4
time. To change this to 2/4, press number button
“2.” To change it to 3/4 time, press number
button “3.”
Want to find out more? See page 25.
Want to find out more? See page 26.
Panel Voice List
No. Voice Name
PIANO
001 Grand Piano
002 Bright Piano
003 Honky-tonk Piano
004 Funky Electric Piano
005 DX Electric Piano
006 MIDI Grand Piano
007 CP 80
008 Hyper Electric Piano
009 Bell Electric Piano
010 Harpsichord
011 Clavi
012 Celesta
MALLET
013 Vibraphone
014 Marimba
015 Xylophone
016 Tubular Bells
017 Timpani
018 Steel Drums
019 Music Box
ORGAN
020 Jazz Organ 1
021 Jazz Organ 2
022 Jazz Organ 3
No.
023
024
025
026
027
028
029
030
031
032
033
034
035
036
037
038
039
040
041
042
043
044
045
Voice Name
Full Organ
Rock Organ 1
Rock Organ 2
16'+2' Organ
16'+4' Organ
Church Organ
Reed Organ
Musette Accordion
Traditional Accordion
Bandoneon
GUITAR
Classical Guitar
Folk Guitar
12Strings Guitar
Jazz Guitar
Octave Guitar
Clean Guitar
Muted Guitar
Overdriven Guitar
Distortion Guitar
BASS
Acoustic Bass
Finger Bass
Pick Bass
Fretless Bass
No.
046
047
048
049
050
051
052
053
054
055
056
057
058
059
060
061
062
063
064
065
066
067
Voice Name
Slap Bass
Synth Bass
Techno Bass
Dance Bass
ENSEMBLE
Strings
Chamber Strings
Synth Strings
Slow Strings
Tremolo Strings
Pizzicato Strings
Choir
Choir Aahs
Choir Oohs
Synth Choir
Orchestra Hit
STRINGS
Violin
Cello
Contrabass
Banjo
Harp
BRASS
Trumpet
Muted Trumpet
No.
068
069
070
071
072
073
074
075
076
077
078
079
080
081
082
083
084
085
086
087
088
089
Voice Name
Trombone
Trombone Section
French Horn
Tuba
Brass Section
Synth Brass
Jump Brass
Techno Brass
REED
Soprano Sax
Alto Sax
Tenor Sax
Baritone Sax
Oboe
English Horn
Bassoon
Clarinet
Harmonica
PIPE
Piccolo
Flute
Pan Flute
Recorder
Ocarina
No. Voice Name
SYNTH LEAD
090 Square Lead
091 Sawtooth Lead
092 Voice Lead
093 Crystal
094 Brightness
095 Analog Lead
SYNTH PAD
096 Fantasia
097 Bell Pad
098 Xenon Pad
099 Angels
100 Dark Moon
DRUM KITS
101 Standard Kit 1
102 Standard Kit 2
103 Room Kit
104 Rock Kit
105 Electronic Kit
106 Analog Kit
107 Dance Kit
108 Jazz Kit
109 Brush Kit
110 Symphony Kit
9
11
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,,,,,,
Step 2
Auto Accompaniment
Using the auto accompaniment
The PSR-270 has powerful and easy-to-use auto
accompaniment features. All you have to do is
play chords with your left hand — and the
PortaTone automatically produces appropriate
bass, chord, and rhythm backing for your performance. Use your right hand to play melodies,
and you’ll sound like an entire band!
Accompaniment
section
Right hand
Auto accompaniment
Melody
(for example, bass + guitar + drums)
z Enter the Style mode.
v Turn the Sync-Start function on.
STYLE
MEASURE
0018BtPop1
001 116
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
MAIN
rit.
B
AUTO FILL
b Play a chord with your left hand.
TEMPO
Accompaniment
section
For help in learning
how to play chords,
refer to “Using the
Chord Guide function”
on page 14.
x Select a style.
For a list of styles, see page 13.
STYLE
+
Left hand
0028BtPop2
n Select a section.
Try playing with the
Intro, Main A/B, and
Ending sections.
c Turn the auto accompaniment on.
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
m Stop the auto accompaACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
niment.
B
CMP
/OFF
AUTO FILL
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
Want to find out more? See pages 47-61.
z
VOICE
STYLE
TEMPO
x
001GrandPno
TRANSPOSE
TUNING
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
METRONOME
VOLUME
MEASURE
TEMPO
001 116
TOUCH
USER
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
cvm
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
AUTO FILL
n
B
CHORD
GUIDE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
RECORD
z
1
2
3
4
SONG TRACK
PRESET
5
6~16
c
METRONOME
REVERB
DUAL
HARMONY
x
12
10
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Step 2
Auto Accompaniment
Selecting a complete music style with ideal voice and other
settings — One Touch Setting
The PortaTone features 100 different styles in various music genres. With the One Touch Setting
function, you can call up voice and other settings that best match the selected style. Each style has
been programmed with two Preset One Touch Settings.
z Enter the Style mode.
c Press one of the One Touch Setting
buttons: Preset A or B.
STYLE
MEASURE
0018BtPop1
001 116
USER
PRESET
TEMPO
v Play the keyboard.
x Select a style.
For a list of styles, see below.
STYLE
0028BtPop2
Want to find out more? See page 74.
Style List
No. Style Name
8BEAT
1
8Beat Pop 1
2
8Beat Pop 2
3
8Beat Uptempo
4
8Beat Standard
5
Folkrock
6
Pop Rock
7
8Beat Medium
8
8Beat Ballad
9
Epic Ballad
10 Piano Ballad
16BEAT
11 16Beat Shuffle 1
12 16Beat Shuffle 2
13 16Beat Pop
14 Funk 1
15 16Beat Ballad 1
16 16Beat Ballad 2
17 Soul Ballad
6/8 BALLAD
18 Slow Rock 1
19 Slow Rock 2
20 6/8 Ballad
No. Style Name
DANCE
21 Dance Pop 1
22 Dance Pop 2
23 Techno
24 Eurobeat
25 Euro House
26 Hip Hop
27 Synth Boogie
DISCO
28 70s Disco
29 Disco Tropical
30 Polka Pop
ROCK
31 8Beat Rock Ballad
32 16Beat Rock Ballad
33 Hard Rock
34 Rock Shuffle
35 6/8 Heavy Rock
36 US Rock
ROCK & ROLL
37 Rock & Roll 1
38 Rock & Roll 2
39 Boogie
40 Twist
No. Style Name
RHYTHM & BLUES
41 R&B
42 Funk 2
43 Soul
44 Gospel Shuffle
45 6/8 Gospel
46 4/4 Blues
CONTEMPORARY JAZZ
47 Cool Jazz
48 Jazz Ballad
49 Jazz Waltz
50 Fusion
TRADITIONAL JAZZ
51 Swing
52 Big Band Swing
53 Big Band Ballad
54 Jazz Quartet
55 Dixieland
AMERICAS
56 Cajun
57 Banda
58 Mariachi
59 Tejano
60 Cumbia
No. Style Name
COUNTRY & WESTERN
61 Bluegrass
62 Country 2/4
63 Country Rock
64 Country Ballad
65 Country Shuffle
66 Country Waltz
BALLROOM LATIN
67 Cha Cha
68 Rhumba
69 Pasodoble
70 Tango Continental
BALLROOM STANDARD
71 Foxtrot
72 Jive
MARCH & WALTZ
73 March 1
74 March 2
75 6/8 March
76 Polka
77 Standard Waltz
78 German Waltz
79 Viennese Waltz
80 Musette Waltz
No. Style Name
LATIN
81 Bossa Nova 1
82 Bossa Nova 2
83 Salsa
84 Samba
85 Mambo
86 Beguine
87 Merengue
88 Bolero Lento
CARIBBEAN
89 Reggae 12
90 Pop Reggae
PIANIST
91 Rock-A-Ballad
92 8Beat
93 Swing
94 Jazz Ballad
95 2Beat
96 Boogie
97 Ragtime
98 Arpeggio
99 Waltz
100 Happy
11
13
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,,,,,,
Step 3
Chord Guide
Using the Chord Guide function
Learning how to play specific chords
Example:
Here, you’ll learn how to use the Chord Guide functions to show
the individual notes of chords.
z Enter the Style mode, then press the
CHORD GUIDE button until “Dict.” is
shown in the display.
c Specify the chord type of the chord.
CHORD TYPE
M7
ACMP ON
M7
MEASURE
Dict.
STYLE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
MEASURE
001 116
001 116
TEMPO
v Play the notes of the chord as indicated
ACMP ON
CHORD
GUIDE
G M7
Root note Chord type
in the keyboard diagram in the display.
TEMPO
x Specify the root note of the chord.
ROOT
G
Dict.
STYLE
ACMP ON
The notes in the keyboard diagram flash
when the chord is played properly.
Want to find out more? See page 62.
Playing appropriate chords with just one finger
The PortaTone also lets you easily create appropriate chords for a given scale by simply playing single
notes in the scale.
z Enter the Style mode, then press the
c Start the auto accompaniment.
CHORD GUIDE button until “Smart” is
shown in the display.
CHORD
GUIDE
P
FF
Smart
STYLE
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
ACMP ON
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
v Play single note chords (root note) on the
MEASURE
001 116
TEMPO
x Set the key to match that of the song you
wish to play.
Enter the number of sharps or flats of the
corresponding key.
STYLE
15b=1
keyboard.
To play these
chords....
F
Dm
Gm
Dm
.....press these
keys (root notes)
Want to find out more? See page 64.
14
12
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………………
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Step 3
Chord Guide
Playing chord progressions (songs) with just one finger
The EZ Chord function gives you an exceptionally easy way to play the chords of a song. Simply press
single keys in succession, and the PortaTone automatically plays the proper chords for you!
q Enter the Style mode, then press the
Continue pressing the same key each
time you want a new chord to be played.
CHORD GUIDE button until “EZ. is shown
in the display.
Accompaniment
section
1EZ
STYLE
ACMP ON
CHORD
GUIDE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
001 116
TEMPO
t Play the melody with your right hand as
w Select an EZ Chord bank.
the auto accompaniment plays.
2EZ
STYLE
Want to find out more? See page 66.
e Start the auto accompaniment.
Recording your own EZ Chord banks
P
FF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
You can also create your own custom chord
progressions, and play along with those if you
like.
A
rit.
r Press and release a single note on the keyboard to play a chord.
Want to find out more? See page 68.
001GrandPno
VOICE
STYLE
TEMPO
TRANSPOSE
TUNING
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
METRONOME
VOLUME
MEASURE
TEMPO
001 116
TOUCH
USER
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
ce
A
rit.
MAIN
AUTO FILL
B
CHORD
GUIDE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
RECORD
zzq
1
2
3
4
METRONOME
PRESET
5
6~16
DUAL
HARMONY
SONG TRACK
xw
Keys for playing the accompaniment
(C1 — F#2)
REVERB
Use these keys for the Chord Guide Dictionary function.
Keys for entering the chord type
(C3 — B4)
Keys for entering the chord root
(C5 — B5)
13
15
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,,,,,,
Step 4
Songs
Playing a song
Playing back a single song
Playing back all three songs
The PSR-270 has three Demo songs that showcase the authentic voices and dynamic accompaniment of the instrument.
z Press the DEMO button.
Naturally, you can also individually select and
play back any of the PortaTone’s songs.
z Enter the song mode.
ALLTakeOff!
SONG
MEASURE
1
ALLTakeOff!
SONG
001 111
2
3
4
5
TEMPO
6
x Select a song.
MEASURE
1
2
001 111
3
4
5
TEMPO
6
SONG
002PF–Grand
x Stop the song.
c Start (and stop) the song.
or
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
ACMP
ON/OFF
Want to find out more? See page 75.
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
Want to find out more? See page 75.
Changing the tempo (speed) of the song
Changing the volume of the song
q Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons until
q Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons until
“Tempo” is shown in the display.
“SongVol” is shown in the display.
100Tempo
TEMPO
SONG
100SongVol
SONG
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
MEASURE
1
2
001 100
TEMPO
3
4
5
MEASURE
6
1
w Press the OVERALL + or - button to speed up or
slow down the tempo.
Want to find out more? See page 76.
2
001 120
TEMPO
3
4
5
6
w Press the OVERALL + or - button to raise or lower
the volume of the song.
Want to find out more? See page 78.
16
14
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………………
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Step 4
Songs
Recording your own song
The PSR-270 lets you record your own songs by using two different methods — Realtime and Step. Try
out both of these recording methods yourself...
1 Select the desired
recording mode by
pressing the RECORD
button.
Realtime recording
Step recording
This method is much like using a
conventional tape recorder, letting
you play and record the parts of
the song in real time.
This method is similar to using a
pencil and paper to write down each
note, entering the parts of the song
step by step.
RECORD
Want to find out more? See pages 79-90.
A
q
w
001GrandPno
VOICE
STYLE
TEMPO
e
x
z
B
TRANSPOSE
TUNING
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
METRONOME
VOLUME
MEASURE
TEMPO
001 116
TOUCH
USER
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
AUTO FILL
xc z
B
CHORD
GUIDE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
RECORD
1
2
3
4
METRONOME
PRESET
5
6~16
DUAL
HARMONY
SONG TRACK
wt 1
REVERB
r
Creating your own custom One Touch Settings
You can also create your own One Touch Settings — letting you completely reconfigure virtually all
PortaTone settings at the touch of a button! Up to 16 settings can be saved (4 User banks x 4 User
buttons).
q Make all desired settings on the PortaTone.
t Turn off the User One Touch Setting record
mode.
w Select the User One Touch Setting
record mode.
1OTS User
STYLE
Calling up a User One Touch Setting
A Select Function #41, and select the desired bank
RECORD
RECORD
(1 - 4).
e Select the desired User
F41UserBank
STYLE
bank (1 - 4).
FUNCTION
STYLE
2UserBank
B
r Select the desired User
button (USER 1 - 4).
Press the appropriate USER button (1 - 4) to
instantly call up your custom panel settings.
USER
USER
PRESET
PRESET
15
Want to find out more? See page 72.
17
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Step 5
Function Parameters
Using the Function parameters
The PSR-270 has a variety of settings in the Function parameters.
These give you detailed control over many of the PSR-270’s features.
z Press the FUNCTION button.
c After “FUNCTION” in the display stops
flashing, change the value or setting.
After a couple of seconds, the “FUNCTION”
indication stops flashing and remains lit. At
the same time, the Function number (“F02”
in the example above) changes automatically
to the current value of the Function parameter.
x Select a Function number.
For a list of functions, see page 19.
0M.Octave
STYLE
STYLE
F02M.Octave
FUNCTION
Current value of the selected Function
parameter.
FUNCTION
The Function number can be selected
while the “FUNCTION” indication is
flashing.
v Use the numeric keypad to change the
value or setting. For on/off settings, use
the +/- buttons.
Enter the Function
number on the
numeric keypad.
1M.Octave
STYLE
Press the FUNCTION button;
each press advances through
the numbers. Hold down the
button to continuously
advance through the numbers.
FUNCTION
Want to find out more? See page 30.
VOICE
STYLE
TEMPO
001GrandPno
TRANSPOSE
TUNING
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
METRONOME
VOLUME
MEASURE
TEMPO
001 116
TOUCH
USER
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
z
CHORD
GUIDE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
RECORD
x
1
2
3
4
PRESET
5
6~16
SONG TRACK
METRONOME
REVERB
DUAL
HARMONY
v
18
16
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Step 5
Function Parameters
Function Parameters List
Function
Function
page
page
F01 M.Volume Main Voice Volume
31
F31 Reverb
Reverb On/Off
44
F02 M.Octave Main Voice Octave
31
F32 RevType
Reverb Type
44
F03 M.Pan
31
F33 Chorus
Chorus On/Off
44
F04 M.RevLvl Main Voice Reverb Send Level
31
F34 ChoType
Chorus Type
44
F05 M.ChoLvl Main Voice Chorus Send Level
31
F35 Dsp
DSP On/Off
44
F06 M.DspLvl Main Voice DSP Effect Send Level
31
F36 DspType
DSP Type
44
F11 D.Volume Dual Voice Volume
35
F37 Harmony
Harmony On/Off
44
F12 D.Octave Dual Voice Octave
35
F38 HarmType Harmony Type
44
F13 D.Pan
35
F39 HarmVol
44
F14 D.RevLvl Dual Voice Reverb Send Level
35
F41 UserBank One Touch Setting User Bank
73
F15 D.ChoLvl Dual Voice Chorus Send Level
35
F51 AcmpSPnt Accompaniment Split Point
59
F16 D.DspLvl Dual Voice DSP Effect Send Level
35
F61 USng1Clr User Song 1 Clear
90
F17 D.Voice
Dual Voice
35
F62 USng2Clr User Song 2 Clear
90
F18 Dual
Dual On/Off
35
F63 USng3Clr User Song 3 Clear
90
F21 S.Volume Split Voice Volume
37
F71 FootSw
92
F22 S.Octave Split Voice Octave
37
F72 VoiceSet Voice Set
39
F23 S.Pan
37
F73 TouchSns Touch Sensitivity
39
F24 S.RevLvl Split Voice Reverb Send Level
37
F81 RemoteCh Remote Channel
97
F25 S.ChoLvl Split Voice Chorus Send Level
37
F82 KbdOut
Keyboard Out
97
F26 S.DspLvl Split Voice DSP Effect Send Level
37
F83 AcmpOut
Accompaniment Out
97
F27 S.Voice
Split Voice
37
F84 Local
Local On/Off
97
F28 Split
Split On/Off
37
F85 ExtClock External Clock
98
37
F86 BulkSend Bulk Data Send
98,99
F87 InitSend Initial Data Send
98,102
Main Voice Pan
Dual Voice Pan
Split Voice Pan
F29 SplitPnt Split Point
Harmony Volume
Footswitch
17
19
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Step 6
MIDI
Using MIDI
The PSR-270 also features rear panel MIDI terminals (MIDI IN and MIDI OUT) as well as a
comprehensive set of MIDI functions, that let you use the instrument in a variety of recording and performance applications.
●
Sending original song and One Touch Setting data to another PSR-270.
MIDI transmit
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
PSR-270
PSR-270
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI receive
➔ See “Using Bulk Dump Send to Save Data“ on pages 99 - 102.
●
Using the MDF3 MIDI Data Filer to store and recall original PSR-270 data.
MIDI transmit
MIDI OUT
Save/load data
MIDI IN
PSR-270
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MDF3
MIDI receive
➔ See “Using Bulk Dump Send to Save Data“ on pages 99 - 102.
●
Playing back multi-track song data (up to 16 channels) on the PSR-270.
Set Remote Channel (page 97) to “off.”
Available disks
PSR-270
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI receive
➔ See page 97.
MDF3, QY700,
or computer
with sequencing
software.
Floppy disk with GM
song data.
20
18
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Step 6
●
MIDI
Controlling the PSR-270 with a MIDI keyboard controller (not having a tone generator)
(Auto accompaniment can also be used in this setup.)
MIDI receive
PSR-270
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI keyboard with no tone
generator
➔ See page 97.
● In this setup you can record your PSR-270 performance, including the auto accompaniment, to a connected computer or sequencer. (Up to 16 channels can be used.) You can
then edit the recorded data on the computer or sequencer, and play it back using the
sounds of the PSR-270.
Arrange and edit the data on the
computer/sequencer.
MIDI transmit
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
PSR-270
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI receive
(playback)
Computer with
sequencing software.
➔ See page 95.
➔ See “Using Initial Setup Send with a Sequencer” on page 102.
When using a personal
computer, special
software (sequencer
software) is needed.
GM System Level 1
“GM System Level 1” is an addition to the MIDI standard which ensures that any GMcompatible music data can be accurately played by any GM-compatible tone generator,
regardless of manufacturer. The GM mark is affixed to all software and hardware products
that support GM System Level 1. The PSR-270 supports GM System Level 1.
19
21
PANEL DISPLAY INDICATIONS
The PortaTone features a large multi-function display that shows all important
settings for the instrument. The section below briefly explains the various icons
and indications in the display.
The LCD’s backlight will gradually dim over a long period of use. When the display becomes dim or hard to read, contact the store
where you purchased the instrument or, Yamaha directly, to have the LCD replaced. A fee will be charged for replacement.
쐃 Mode indicators
쐇 Overall functions bar indicator
쐊 Song/Voice/Style name and number
쐅 Accompaniment On indicator
VOICE
STYLE
TEMPO
001GrandPno
TRANSPOSE
쐂 Beat indicators
ACMP ON
TUNING
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
METRONOME
VOLUME
쐆 Chord
MEASURE
1
2
쐎 Icon window
001 116
TEMPO
3
CHORD
쐄 Measure and
Tempo
쐋 Notation
쐈 Song track indicators
쐏 Keyboard
쐃 Mode indicators
쐇 Overall functions bar indicator
These indicate the currently selected mode —
Voice, Style, Song, or Function — with the mode
name encircled in a rounded rectangle. When
“STYLE” or “SONG” appear without the rectangle, the corresponding mode is active in the
background.
The PortaTone has five Overall functions or
controls. The currently selected function is
indicated by a dark bar that appears next to its
name (printed on the panel).
In the first example, the Style mode is selected.
STYLE
00
In the second example, the Voice mode has
been selected, but the Style mode is still active
in the background. (This means that the style
controls are active and can be used to play the
currently selected style.)
VOICE
STYLE
쐋 Notation
쐏 Keyboard
These two portions of the display conveniently
indicate notes. When a user song (with chords)
is being played back, they show the chord notes
in succession. When the Style mode and auto
accompaniment are active, the display also
shows the specific notes of the current chord.
For a few specific chords, not all notes may be shown in the
notation section of the display. This is due to space limitations
in the display.
00
22
20
PANEL DISPLAY INDICATIONS
쐄 Measure and Tempo
쐎 Icon window
These show the current measure during playback of a song or style, and the currently set
Tempo value for the song or style.
Depending on the mode or function selected,
this displays various symbols (icons) and other
messages to provide convenient, at-a-glance
information about the PortaTone operation. For
example, when a song or style accompaniment
is playing, this displays the level of each instrumental track.
쐂 Beat indicators
These dark bars (one large, three small) flash in
sequence and in time with the song or style.
The large bar indicates the first beat of the
measure. (See page 77.)
쐆 Chord
When a user song (with chords) is being played
back, this indicates the current chord root and
type. It also indicates chords played in the
ACMP section of the keyboard when the Style
mode and auto accompaniment are on.
쐅 Accompaniment On indicator
쐊 Song/Voice/Style name and number
In song recording and playback, these indicate
the status of the tracks. (See pages 75, 83.)
This portion of the display indicates the name
and number of the currently selected song,
voice, or style. It also displays the name and
current value or setting of the Overall functions
and the Function parameters, as well as other
important operation messages.
This appears when the auto accompaniment has
been turned on. (See page 52.)
쐈 Song track indicators
Music Stand
Insert the bottom edge of the included music stand into
the slot located at the top rear of the PortaTone control
panel.
21
23
PORTABLE GRAND
This convenient function lets you automatically exit from any
other mode or function and instantly call up the Grand Piano
voice.
PLAYING THE PORTABLE GRAND
Press the PORTABLE GRAND button.
METRONOME
Doing this automatically cancels any other mode or function, and resets
the entire instrument for playing the special “Stereo Sampled Piano” Grand
Piano voice (voice 001). It automatically selects the Voice mode (with the
Style mode active), and calls up style #91 (Rock Ballad). It also resets the
footswitch to Sustain operation.
The Portable Grand setting is designed also for playing with the special
Pianist styles (#91 - #100). When auto accompaniment is turned on, these
provide piano-only accompaniment in a variety of music styles. (See page
52.)
USING THE METRONOME
1
Set the desired tempo with the Tempo function in
the Overall menu.
Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until
“Tempo” appears in the display.
Indicates Tempo is
selected
TEMPO
VOICE
STYLE
Current Tempo value
116Tempo
24
22
PORTABLE GRAND
2
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Tempo value.
Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
The numeric keypad cannot
be used to change values
for the Overall menu
settings.
Increases Tempo
value
Decreases Tempo
value
3
Turn on the Metronome.
Press the METRONOME button.
METRONOME
3 063
TEMPO
To turn the Metronome off, press the METRONOME button again.
3 063
TEMPO
Setting the Metronome Time Signature
The time signature of the Metronome can be set to
various quarter-note based meters.
The time signature changes automatically when a style or
song is selected.
Simultaneously hold down the METRONOME
button and press the button on the numeric
keypad that corresponds to the desired time
signature (see chart at right).
Number
button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
Time
signature
1/4 — Plays only “1” beats (all high clicks)
2/4
3/4
4/4
5/4
6/4
7/4
8/4
9/4
Plays no “1” beats (all low clicks)
3 063
TEMPO
Indicates current beat
number
23
25
PORTABLE GRAND
Adjusting the Metronome Volume
You can adjust the volume of the Metronome sound independently of the other
PortaTone sounds. The volume range is 000 - 127.
1
Select the Metronome Volume function in the Overall menu.
Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until “MtrVol” appears
in the display.
Current Metronome
Volume value
VOICE
STYLE
METRONOME
VOLUME
MEASURE
100MtrVol
001 063
TEMPO
Indicates Metronome Volume
is selected
2
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Metronome Volume value.
Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
Increases Metronome
Volume value
Restoring the Default
Metronome Volume
Value
To restore the default
Metronome Volume
value (100), press both
OVERALL +/- buttons
simultaneously (when
Metronome Volume is
selected in the Overall
menu).
Decreases Metronome
Volume value
26
24
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
The Voice mode features 228 authentic voices (including 128 General MIDI
voices), plus 10 special drum kits — all of which have been created with
Yamaha’s sophisticated AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) tone generation system.
The Voice mode gives you many powerful and versatile tools for playing and
enhancing these Voices.
The voices are divided into various instrument
categories, all of which are printed on the panel
for convenience. For a complete list of the
available voices, see page 109.
The Voice mode is actually divided into three
separate modes: Main, Dual and Split. In the
Main Voice mode (see below), you can play a
single voice over the entire range of the keyboard. The Dual Voice mode (page 34) allows
you to “layer” two different voices together for
rich, complex sounds. The Split Voice mode
(page 36) lets you set up two different voices for
playing from separate sections of the keyboard.
Moreover, each mode features special effect
sections that let you enhance the sound of the
Voice or Voices. These include Reverb, Chorus,
and Harmony, as well as a “DSP” section that
provides miscellaneous effects such as tremolo,
echo, delay, distortion, equalization, and wah.
(See page 40.)
Other voice-related functions include Voice Set
(page 38), which lets you automatically call up
the ideal settings for each voice, and Touch
Sensitivity (page 38), which determines how the
voices respond to your playing technique.
The PortaTone includes special Drum Kit voices
— #101 - #110 — that let you play various drum
and percussion sounds from the keyboard.
(Refer to the Drum Kit Voice chart on page 30.)
Symbols are also printed above the keyboard,
conveniently indicating which sounds are played
from which keys.
PLAYING A VOICE — MAIN VOICE
1
Select the Voice mode.
Press the VOICE button.
Indicates Voice mode is selected
VOICE
STYLE
001GrandPno
25
27
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
2
Select the desired voice number.
Use the numeric keypad. The basic categories of voices and their numbers
are shown at the right side of the panel. A complete list of the available
voices is given on page 109.
PIANO
MALLET
ORGAN
GUITAR
BASS
ENSEMBLE
STRINGS
BRASS
REED
PIPE
SYNTH LEAD
SYNTH PAD
DRUM KITS
PIANO
CHROMATIC
ORGAN
GUITAR
BASS
STRINGS
ENSEMBLE
BRASS
REED
PIPE
SYNTH LEAD
SYNTH PAD
SYNTH EFFECTS
ETHNIC
PERCUSSIVE
SOUND EFFECTS
There are three ways to select voices: 1) directly entering the voice number
with the numeric keypad, 2) using the +/- keys to step up and down
through the voices, or 3) pressing the VOICE button to advance through
the voice numbers.
Using the numeric keypad
Enter the digits of the voice number as indicated on the panel. For example, to select voice #42, press “4” on the numeric keypad, then “2.”
VOICE
STYLE
042Aco.Bass
ACMP ON
All two-digit voice numbers
can be selected without
entering an initial “0.”
However, when selecting
voice numbers 1 - 23, the
PortaTone pauses briefly
before actually calling up
the voice. (This pause
allows for entering threedigit voice numbers, such as
“235.” Entering the
numbers “2” then “4”
immediately calls up voice
#24, since there are no
voices #240 or higher.)
If you want to immediately
call up voices #1 - #23,
enter one or two zeros
before the number; for
example, select voice #9 by
pressing “0,” “0,” then
“9.” Pressing only “0” does
not change the voice.
28
26
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
Using the +/- keys
Press the + key to select the next voice number, and press the - key to
select the previous voice. Holding down either key continuously scrolls up
or down through the numbers. The +/- keys have a “wrap around” feature. For example, pressing the + key from voice #238 returns to voice #1.
Using the VOICE button
Press the VOICE button to select the next voice number. (This functions
exactly the same as the + button.)
3
Each voice is automatically
called up with the most
suitable octave range
setting. Thus, playing
middle C with one voice
may sound higher or lower
than another voice at the
same key.
Play the selected voice.
To change to another voice, repeat step 2 above.
Since either the Style or Song mode is active in the background (as indicated by the mode name in the display, without the rectangle), you can
also play styles or songs, respectively, in the Voice mode by simply pressing
the START/STOP button. The last selected style or song will be played.
When you select a voice, the
PortaTone also automatically calls up various
settings that are appropriate for the voice. [This is
true when Voice Set
(Function #72, page 39) is
set to on — the default
setting.]
About Panel Voices and GM Voices
Keep in mind that the PortaTone has two separate sets of voices:
100 Panel voices and 128 GM (General MIDI) Voices. The GM
Voices can also be used for optimum playback of GM-compatible
song data. This means that any GM song data (played from a sequencer or other
MIDI device) will sound just as the composer or programmer intended.
When a GM voice is selected, the General MIDI icon appears at the top left of the
display.
27
29
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
Drum Kit Voice Chart (voices 101 - 110)
When one of the 10 panel Drum Kit voices are selected you can
play different drums and percussion instruments on the keyboard.
The drums and percussion instruments played by the various keys
are marked by symbols above the keys.
VOICE
STYLE
101Std.Kit1
No.
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
Name
Standard Kit 1
Standard Kit 2
Room Kit
Rock Kit
Electronic Kit
Analog Kit
Dance Kit
Jazz Kit
Brush Kit
Symphony Kit
LCD
Std.Kit1
Std.Kit2
Room Kit
Rock Kit
Elct.Kit
AnlogKit
DanceKit
Jazz Kit
BrushKit
SymphKit
Function Parameters — Main Voice
The Function parameters provide additional settings for the Main
voice. These settings are especially useful when using a second voice
in the Dual or Split modes, since they let you change or enhance the
sound of the Main voice separate from the Dual or Split voice. These
settings include:
• Volume
• Octave
• Pan
1
• Reverb Send Level
• Chorus Send Level
• DSP Effect Send Level
Select the Function mode.
Press the FUNCTION button.
Flashes to indicate Function
parameter can be selected.
STYLE
F01M.Volume
FUNCTION
MEASURE
2
001 116
TEMPO
Select the desired Function parameter number.
While the “FUNCTION” indication is flashing, use the numeric keypad to select the desired Main Voice Function parameter number (1 6). (See the “Parameters” list below for details.)
Since the “FUNCTION”
indication flashes for only a
couple of seconds, make
sure to select the parameter
quickly after step 1 above.
Function parameter numbers can be selected in the same way as with
the voices (see page 28). You can use the numeric keypad to directly
enter the number, use the +/- keys to step up and down through the
parameters, or press the FUNCTION button to advance through the
parameter numbers.
30
28
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
3
Change the parameter setting or value.
After the “FUNCTION” indication stops flashing, use the numeric
keypad or +/- buttons to change the value or setting. (The value/
setting is shown to the left of the parameter name.)
Parameter value or
setting
STYLE
Parameter name
100M.Volume
FUNCTION
4
Set other parameters as needed.
To select and set other parameters, repeat steps 1 - 3 above.
5
Exit the Function mode.
Once you’ve made all desired settings, press one of the other mode
buttons (SONG, STYLE, or VOICE).
Restoring the Default
Value
If you’ve changed the
parameter setting, you can
instantly restore the
default setting by pressing
both +/- buttons simultaneously.
Negative values
To directly enter negative
values (for those parameters that have negative
values), simultaneously
hold down the - button
and press the desired
number button.
These settings are not saved
when you turn off the
power. If you wish to save
them, save them to a User
bank in the One Touch
Setting feature (page 72).
Function Parameters
No. Parameter Name
Display Name
Range/Settings
Description
F01
Main Voice Volume
M.Volume
0 — 127
This determines the volume of the Main voice, letting
you create an optimum mix with the Dual or Split
voice.
F02
Main Voice Octave
M.Octave
-2 — 2 (octaves)
This determines the octave range for the Main voice.
Use this to set the most suitable range for the Main
voice when using the Split mode, or use it to create an
octave layer in the Dual mode.
F03
Main Voice Pan
M.Pan
-7 (full left) —
0 (center) —
7 (full right)
This determines the pan position of the Main voice in
the stereo image.
F04
Main Voice Reverb
Send Level
M.RevLvl
0 — 127
This determines how much of the Main voice’s signal is
sent to the Reverb effect. (See page 40.) Higher values
result in a louder Reverb effect.
F05
Main Voice Chorus
Send Level
M.ChoLvl
0 — 127
This determines how much of the Main voice’s signal is
sent to the Chorus effect. (See page 41.) Higher
values result in a louder Chorus effect.
F06
Main Voice DSP
Effect Send Level
M.DspLvl
0 — 127
This determines how much of the Main voice’s signal is
sent to the DSP effect. (See page 42.) Higher values
result in a louder DSP effect.
29
31
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
TRANSPOSE AND TUNING
You can also adjust the tuning and change the transposition (key) of the
entire PortaTone sound with the Transpose and Tuning functions.
Transpose
The Transpose and Tuning
settings have no effect on
the Drum Kit voices (#101 #110).
Transpose determines the key of both the main voice and the bass/chord
accompaniment of the selected style. It also determines the pitch of the
songs. This allows you to easily match the pitch of the PortaTone to other
instruments or singers, or play in a different key without changing your
fingering. The Transpose settings can be adjusted over a range of ± 12
semitones (± 1 octave).
1
Select the Transpose function in the Overall menu.
Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until
“Transpos” appears in the display.
Indicates Transpose is
selected
VOICE
STYLE
Current Transpose value
00Transpos
TRANSPOSE
2
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Transpose value.
Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
Increases Transpose
value
Restoring the Default
Transpose Value
If you’ve changed the
Transpose setting, you can
instantly restore the
default setting of “00” by
pressing both OVERALL +/buttons simultaneously
(when Transpose is
selected in the Overall
menu).
Decreases Transpose
value
32
30
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
Tuning
Tuning determines the fine pitch setting of both the main voice and the
bass/chord accompaniment of the selected style. It also determines the
pitch of the songs. This allows you to accurately match the tuning with
that of other instruments. The Tuning settings can be adjusted over a
range of ± 100 (approx. ± 1 semitone).
1
Select the Tuning function in the Overall menu.
Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until “Tuning” appears in the display.
Indicates Tuning is
selected
VOICE
STYLE
Current Tuning value
000Tuning
TUNING
2
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Tuning value.
Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
Increases Tuning
value
Restoring the Default
Tuning Value
If you’ve changed the
Tuning setting, you can
instantly restore the
default setting of “00” by
pressing both OVERALL +/buttons simultaneously
(when Tuning is selected
in the Overall menu).
Decreases Tuning
value
31
33
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
PLAYING TWO VOICES — DUAL VOICE
The Dual Voice mode lets you create richly textured sounds by “layering”
two different voices together — one voice being the Main voice selected in
the normal way (page 27), and the other a Dual voice selected as described
below.
1
Turn on the Dual Voice mode.
The Dual Voice mode can
also be turned on and off
with a connected
footswitch. (See page 91.)
Press the DUAL button.
REVERB
DUAL
MEASURE
001 116
TEMPO
HARMONY
When you play the keyboard, both the currently selected Main and Dual
voices will be heard.
To turn the Dual mode off, press the DUAL
button again.
2
Select the desired Dual voice and make other settings for the voice (if desired) in the Function mode.
To do this, first call up the Function mode by pressing the FUNCTION
button.
3
Select the desired Function parameter number.
While the “FUNCTION” indication is flashing, use the numeric keypad to
select the desired Dual Voice Function parameter number (11 - 18). Actual
selection of the Dual voice is made from parameter #17. (See the “Parameters” list below for details.)
STYLE
F17D.Voice
FUNCTION
Function parameter numbers can be selected in the same way as with the
voices (see page 28) — with the numeric keypad, +/- keys, or the FUNCTION button.
• Since the “FUNCTION”
indication flashes for only a
couple of seconds, make
sure to select the parameter
quickly after step 2 above.
• For the Dual voice to be
heard properly, make sure
to:
* Select a different voice
(#17, Dual Voice).
* Set the volume to an
appropriate level (#11, Dual
Volume).
34
32
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
4
Change the parameter setting or value.
After the “FUNCTION” indication stops flashing, use the numeric keypad to
change the value or setting. For on/off settings, use the +/- buttons.
STYLE
050Strings
FUNCTION
Restoring the Default Value
If you’ve changed the parameter
setting, you can instantly restore
the default setting by pressing both
+/- buttons simultaneously.
5
These settings are not saved
when you turn off the
power. If you wish to save
them, save them to a User
bank in the One Touch
Setting feature (page 72).
Negative values
To directly enter negative values (for those
parameters that have negative values),
simultaneously hold down the - button and
press the desired number button.
Set other parameters as needed.
To select and set other parameters, repeat steps 2 - 4 above.
6
Exit the Function mode.
Once you’ve made all desired settings, press one of the other mode buttons (SONG, STYLE, or VOICE).
Function Parameters — Dual Voice
The Function parameters provide all settings for the Dual voice. Like the similar settings in the Main
Voice mode, these settings let you change or enhance the sound of the Dual voice separate from the
Main voice. These settings include:
• Reverb Send Level
• Chorus Send Level
• DSP Effect Send Level
• Volume
• Octave
• Pan
• Dual Voice
• Dual On/Off
33
Function Parameters
No. Parameter Name
Display Name
Range/Settings
Description
F11
Dual Voice Volume
D.Volume
0 — 127
This determines the volume of the Dual voice, letting
you create an optimum mix with the Main voice.
F12
Dual Voice Octave
D.Octave
-2 — 2 (octaves)
This determines the octave range for the Dual voice.
Use this to create an octave layer with the Main voice.
F13
Dual Voice Pan
D.Pan
-7 (full left) —
0 (center) —
7 (full right)
This determines the pan position of the Dual voice in
the stereo image. For a spacious sounding effect, set
this value at or near -7, and set the Main Voice Pan
(page 31) at the opposite positive value.
F14
Dual Voice Reverb
Send Level
D.RevLvl
0 — 127
This determines how much of the Dual voice’s signal is
sent to the Reverb effect. (See page 40.) Higher values
result in a louder Reverb effect for the Dual voice.
F15
Dual Voice Chorus
Send Level
D.ChoLvl
0 — 127
This determines how much of the Dual voice’s signal is
sent to the Chorus effect. (See page 41.) Higher values
result in a louder Chorus effect for the Dual voice.
F16
Dual Voice DSP
Effect Send Level
D.DspLvl
0 — 127
This determines how much of the Dual voice’s signal is
sent to the DSP effect. (See page 42.) Higher values
result in a louder DSP effect for the Dual voice.
F17
Dual Voice
D.Voice
1 — 238
This determines the Dual voice. (See list on page 109.)
F18
Dual On/Off
Dual
on, off
This turns the Dual Voice mode on/off. (This is the
same function as that of the DUAL button. It can also
be controlled by a connected footswitch; see page 91.)
35
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
PLAYING TWO VOICES — SPLIT VOICE
In the Split Voice mode, you can assign two different Voices to opposite sections of the keyboard, and
play one Voice with your left hand while your right plays another. For example, you could play bass
with the left hand and play piano with the right. The right-hand (or upper) Voice is selected in the
Main Voice mode (page 27), and the left-hand (or lower) Voice is selected in the Split Voice mode, as
described below.
Split point
Main voice
Split voice
1
Call up the Function mode.
Press the FUNCTION button.
2
Select the Split On/Off parameter number.
While the “FUNCTION” indication is flashing, use the numeric keypad to
select parameter #28 (Split On/Off).
STYLE
F28Split
• Since the “FUNCTION”
indication flashes for only a
couple of seconds, make
sure to select the parameter
quickly after step 1 above.
FUNCTION
Function parameter numbers can be selected in the same way as with the
voices (see page 28) — with the numeric keypad, +/- keys, or the FUNCTION button.
3
Set Split to “on.”
After the “FUNCTION” indication stops flashing, press the + button to turn
the Split Voice mode on. (Pressing the - button turns the Split Voice mode
off.)
STYLE
onSplit
FUNCTION
4
Make other settings for the Split voice (if desired).
Do this in the normal way:
1) Press the FUNCTION button.
2) Select the desired parameter (with the numeric keypad).
3) After “FUNCTION” stops flashing, change the value/setting (with
the numeric keypad). For on/off settings, use the +/- buttons.
Restoring the Default Value
If you’ve changed the parameter setting,
you can instantly restore the default
setting by pressing both +/- buttons
simultaneously.
36
Negative values
To directly enter negative values (for
those parameters that have negative
values), simultaneously hold down the button and press the desired number
button.
• For the Split voice to be
heard properly, make sure
to:
* Set the volume to an
appropriate level (#21, Split
Volume).
* Set the octave to a
musically appropriate
setting (#22 Split Octave).
For example, a bass voice
might best be played with a
“-1” setting, while a strings
voice might sound best at
“1.”
* Set the desired Split Point
(#29). For most purposes,
however, the default Split
Point of “059” (Main voice
starts at middle C) is
suitable. (See the “Parameters” list below for details.)
These settings are not saved
when you turn off the
power. If you wish to save
them, save them to a User
bank in the One Touch
Setting feature (page 72).
34
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
5
Exit the Function mode.
Once you’ve made all desired settings, press one of the other mode buttons (SONG, STYLE, or VOICE).
Function Parameters — Split Voice
The Function parameters provide all settings for the Split voice. Like the similar settings in the Main
Voice mode, these settings let you change or enhance the sound of the Split voice separate from the
Main voice. These settings include:
• Volume
• Octave
• Pan
• Reverb Send Level
• Chorus Send Level
• DSP Effect Send Level
• Split Voice
• Split On/Off
• Split Point
Function Parameters
No. Parameter Name
Display Name
Range/Settings
Description
F21
Split Voice Volume
S.Volume
0 — 127
This determines the volume of the Split voice, letting
you create an optimum mix with the Main voice.
F22
Split Voice Octave
S.Octave
-2 —
2 (octaves)
This determines the octave range for the Split voice.
Use this to set the most suitable range for the Split
(lower) voice.
F23
Split Voice Pan
S.Pan
-7 (full left) —
0 (center) —
7 (full right)
This determines the pan position of the Split voice in
the stereo image. For a spacious sounding effect, set
this value at or near -7, and set the Main Voice Pan
(page 31) at the opposite positive value.
F24
Split Voice Reverb
Send Level
S.RevLvl
0 — 127
This determines how much of the Split voice’s signal is
sent to the Reverb effect. (See page 40.) Higher values
result in a louder Reverb effect for the Split voice.
F25
Split Voice Chorus
Send Level
S.ChoLvl
0 — 127
This determines how much of the Split voice’s signal is
sent to the Chorus effect. (See page 41.) Higher values
result in a louder Chorus effect for the Split voice.
F26
Split Voice DSP Effect
Send Level
S.DspLvl
0 — 127
This determines how much of the Split voice’s signal is
sent to the DSP effect. (See page 42.) Higher values
result in a louder DSP effect for the Split voice.
F27
Split Voice
S.Voice
1 — 238
This determines the Split voice. (See list on page 109.)
F28
Split On/Off
Split
on, off
This turns the Split Voice mode on/off. This can also be
controlled by a connected footswitch. (See page 91.)
F29
Split Point
SplitPnt
000 — 127
This determines the highest key for the Split voice and
sets the Split “point” — in other words, the key that
separates the Split (lower) and Main (upper) voices.
(The Split voice sounds up to and including the Split
Point key.) The default Split Point is 059 (B2). The
value can also be set directly by pressing the desired
key while this parameter is selected. While this is being
set, the keyboard does not produce any sound. After
setting this, make sure to select a different parameter
or exit the Function mode before playing the keyboard.
The Split Point setting is related to and affected by the
Accompaniment Split Point setting. (See page 58.)
35
37
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
ADDITIONAL VOICE FUNCTIONS — VOICE SET AND TOUCH
SENSITIVITY
Voice Set and Touch Sensitivity are two important voice-related parameters,
and are found in the Utility section of the Function parameters.
When Voice Set (described in greater detail below) is set to on, you can
automatically call up a variety of voice-related settings that best suit the
selected voice.
Touch Sensitivity (also described below) gives you dynamic, expressive
control over the voices by letting you set how the volume of the PortaTone
responds to your playing strength.
Once the Touch Sensitivity parameter is set below, Touch response of the
keyboard can be turned on or off by pressing the TOUCH button.
Indicates Touch
Sensitivity is on.
TOUCH
Indicates Touch
Sensitivity is off.
1
Call up the Function mode.
Press the FUNCTION button.
2
Select the desired Function parameter number.
While the “FUNCTION” indication is flashing, use the numeric keypad to
select the Voice Set parameter (#72), or Touch Sensitivity (#73). (For
details on these parameters, see below.)
STYLE
F72VoiceSet
FUNCTION
STYLE
• Since the “FUNCTION”
indication flashes for only a
couple of seconds, make
sure to select the parameter
quickly after step 1 above.
F73TouchSns
FUNCTION
Function parameter numbers can be selected in the same way as with the
voices (see page 28) — with the numeric keypad, +/- keys, or the FUNCTION button.
3
Change the parameter setting or value.
After the “FUNCTION” indication stops flashing, use the numeric keypad to
change the value or setting.
STYLE
FUNCTION
onVoiceSet
STYLE
3TouchSns
FUNCTION
38
36
PLAYING VOICES — THE VOICE MODE
Function Parameters — Voice Set and Touch Sensitivity
Function Parameters
No.
Parameter Name
Display Name
Range/Settings
Description
F72
Voice Set
VoiceSet
oFF, on
When this is set to on, selecting a voice also automatically calls up special voice-related parameters and
values that best suit the voice. The parameters
included in Voice Set are:
• Main Voice — Volume, Octave, Pan
• Dual Voice — Number, Volume, Octave, Pan,
Reverb Send Level, Chorus Send Level,
DSP Send Level
• Harmony — Type, On/Off, Volume
Use the panel HARMONY and DUAL buttons to turn
the respective functions on or off.
F73
Touch Sensitivity
TouchSns
1—3
A setting of “1” results in limited touch response; this
setting produces a relatively narrow dynamic range, no
matter how lightly or strongly you play the keys. “2”
lets you play over a normal dynamic range (soft to
loud), while “3” is designed for playing very soft
passages, giving you slightly more detailed control in
the soft volume range. When Touch is turned off (page
38), a constant velocity value of 80 is produced (total
velocity range = 0 - 127).
37
39
EFFECTS
The PortaTone is equipped with a wide variety of effects that can be used to
enhance the sound of the voices. Four general categories of effects are provided
— Reverb, Chorus, DSP, and Harmony — and each category has many effect types
to choose from.
Application of the effects is also exceptionally flexible. All four effects can be used simultaneously, and
the degree of the Reverb, Chorus, and DSP effects can be adjusted independently for each of the
voices: Main, Dual, and Split.
REVERB
The Reverb effect reproduces the natural ambient “wash” of sound that
occurs when a instrument is played in a room or concert hall. A total of
eight different Reverb types simulating various different performance
environments are available.
1
Reverb can also be turned
on and off with a connected
footswitch (page 91), or
from Function parameter
#31 (page 44).
Turn on the Reverb effect.
Press the REVERB button.
REVERB
DUAL
MEASURE
001 116
TEMPO
HARMONY
Indicates that Reverb is on
2
Set the desired Reverb Type in the Function mode.
Do this in the normal way:
1) Press the FUNCTION button.
2) Select the desired Function parameter number (#31, #32) with the
numeric keypad. (For a list of the Reverb Types, see page 45.)
STYLE
FUNCTION
F31Reverb
STYLE
F32RevType
FUNCTION
3) After “FUNCTION” stops flashing, change the value (with the
numeric keypad). For on/off settings, use the +/- buttons.
Restoring the Default Value
If you’ve changed the parameter setting, you can instantly restore
the default setting by pressing both +/- buttons simultaneously.
3
40
Set the Reverb Send Level for the desired voice(s).
The Main, Dual, and Split voices can each be set to have different amounts
of Reverb. Use the corresponding Reverb Send Level parameters in the
Function mode (Main: #04, Dual: #14, Split: #24) to control this. (See
pages 31, 35, 37.)
• The panel REVERB on/off
button affects only the
keyboard played voices. If
you want to turn off the
Reverb effect for the overall
PortaTone sound (including
accompaniment and
songs), set the Reverb Type
(#9, page 45) to “off.”
• These settings are not
saved when you turn off the
power. If you wish to save
them, save them to a User
bank in the One Touch
Setting feature (page 72).
• Three additional Reverb
Types are available when
controlling the PortaTone
from a MIDI device. (For
details, see page 116.)
If the Reverb Send Level is
set to a value near or at
“000,” the Reverb effect
may not be heard.
38
EFFECTS
4
Exit the Function mode.
Once you’ve made all desired settings, press one of the other mode buttons (SONG, STYLE, or VOICE).
CHORUS
The Chorus effect lets you enhance the sound of a voice with through the
use of pitch modulation. Two basic types are provided: Chorus and
Flanger. Chorus produces a thicker, warmer, and more animated sound,
whereas Flanger creates a swirling, metallic effect. A total of four Chorus
types are available.
1
Turn on the Chorus effect and set the Chorus Type in
the Function mode.
Do this in the normal way:
1) Press the FUNCTION button.
2) Select the desired Function parameter number (#33, #34) with the
numeric keypad. (For a list of the Chorus Types, see page 45.)
STYLE
F33Chorus
FUNCTION
STYLE
F34ChoType
Restoring the Default Value
If you’ve changed the parameter setting, you can instantly restore
the default setting by pressing both +/- buttons simultaneously.
Set the Chorus Send Level for the desired voice(s).
The Main, Dual, and Split voices can each be set to have different amounts
of Chorus. Use the corresponding Chorus Send Level parameters in the
Function mode (Main: #05, Dual: #15, Split: #25) to control this. (See
pages 31, 35, 37.)
3
• The Chorus effect is
applied only to the keyboard-played voices.
• These settings are not
saved when you turn off the
power. If you wish to save
them, save them to a User
bank in the One Touch
Setting feature (page 72).
FUNCTION
3) After “FUNCTION” stops flashing, change the value/setting (with
the numeric keypad). For on/off settings, use the +/- buttons.
2
The Chorus effect can also
be turned on and off with a
connected footswitch. (See
page 91.)
• Three additional Chorus
Types are available when
controlling the PortaTone
from a MIDI device. (For
details, see page 116.)
If the Chorus Send Level is
set to a value near or at
“000,” the Chorus effect
may not be heard.
Exit the Function mode.
Once you’ve made all desired settings, press one of the other mode buttons (SONG, STYLE, or VOICE).
39
41
EFFECTS
DSP
The DSP effect section provides many reverb and chorus effects, plus a
wealth of other useful and dynamic effects for enhancing and changing the
sound of the voices. Included among these miscellaneous effects are
reverse gate reverb, phaser, rotary speaker, tremolo, echo, delay, distortion,
equalization, and wah. A total of thirty-three DSP types are available.
1
Turn on the DSP effect and set the DSP Type in the
Function mode.
Do this in the normal way:
1) Press the FUNCTION button.
2) Select the desired Function parameter number (#35, #36) with the
numeric keypad. (For a list of the DSP Types, see page 45.)
STYLE
F35Dsp
FUNCTION
STYLE
F36DspType
FUNCTION
3) After “FUNCTION” stops flashing, change the value/setting (with
the numeric keypad). For on/off settings, use the +/- buttons.
The DSP effect can also be
turned on and off with a
connected footswitch. (See
page 91.)
• The DSP effect is applied
only to the keyboard-played
voices.
• These settings are not
saved when you turn off the
power. If you wish to save
them, save them to a User
bank in the One Touch
Setting feature (page 72).
• Eighteen additional DSP
Types are available when
controlling the PortaTone
from a MIDI device. (For
details, see page 116.)
Restoring the Default Value
If you’ve changed the parameter setting, you can instantly restore
the default setting by pressing both +/- buttons simultaneously.
2
Set the DSP Send Level for the desired voice(s).
The Main, Dual, and Split voices can each be set to have different amounts
of DSP. Use the corresponding DSP Send Level parameters in the Function
mode (Main: #06, Dual: #16, Split: #26) to control this. (See pages 31, 35,
37.)
3
If the DSP Send Level is set
to a value near or at “000,”
the DSP effect may not be
heard.
Exit the Function mode.
Once you’ve made all desired settings, press one of the other mode buttons (SONG, STYLE, or VOICE).
42
40
EFFECTS
HARMONY
The Harmony section features a variety of performance effects that enhance
the melodies you play when using the accompaniment styles of the
PortaTone. A total of twenty-six Harmony types are available.
Tremolo, Trill and Echo effects can be used even if accompaniment is off.
There are five different Harmony Types that automatically create harmony
parts (for notes played in the upper section of the keyboard) to match the
accompaniment chords.
1
The Harmony effect can
also be turned on and off
with a connected footswitch
(page 91), or from Function
parameter #37 (page 44).
Turn on the Harmony effect.
Press the HARMONY button.
REVERB
ACMP ON
DUAL
MEASURE
HARMONY
001 116
TEMPO
Indicates that Harmony is on
• For the first five Harmony
Types (Duet, Trio, Block,
Country, and Octave),
chords must be played in
the Accompaniment section
of the keyboard.
2
• The speed of the Trill,
Tremolo, and Echo effects
depends on the Tempo
setting (page 76).
Do this in the normal way:
1) Press the FUNCTION button.
2) Select the desired Function parameter number (#37, #38, #39)
with the numeric keypad. (For a list of the Harmony Types, see page
46.)
If the Harmony Volume is
set to a value near or at
“000,” the Harmony effect
may not be heard.
Set the Harmony Type and desired Harmony Volume
in the Function mode.
STYLE
F37Harmony
FUNCTION
STYLE
STYLE
F38HarmType
FUNCTION
F39HarmVol
FUNCTION
3) After “FUNCTION” stops flashing, change the value (with the
numeric keypad). For on/off settings, use the +/- buttons.
Restoring the Default Value
If you’ve changed the parameter setting, you can instantly restore the
default setting by pressing both +/- buttons simultaneously.
These settings are not saved
when you turn off the
power. If you wish to save
them, save them to a User
bank in the One Touch
Setting feature (page 72).
41
43
EFFECTS
3
Exit the Function mode.
Once you’ve made all desired settings, press one of the other mode buttons (SONG, STYLE, or VOICE).
Function Parameters — Effects
The Effect Function parameters provide all effect-related settings (with the exception of the Send
parameters in the Main, Dual, and Split sections). These settings include:
• DSP Type
• Harmony On/Off
• Harmony Type
• Harmony Volume
• Reverb On/Off
• Reverb Type
• Chorus On/Off
• Chorus Type
• DSP On/Off
Function Parameters
No.
Parameter Name
Display Name
Range/Settings
Description
F31
Reverb On/Off
Reverb
on, off
This turns the Reverb effect on/off. (This is the same
function as that of the REVERB button. It can also be
controlled by a connected footswitch; see page 91.)
F32
Reverb Type
RevType
(See “Reverb Type”
list below.)
(See “Reverb Type” list below.)
F33
Chorus On/Off
Chorus
on, off
This turns the Chorus effect on/off. This can also be
controlled by a connected footswitch. (See page
91.)
F34
Chorus Type
ChoType
(See “Chorus Type”
list below.)
(See “Chorus Type” list below.)
F35
DSP On/Off
Dsp
on, off
This turns the DSP effect on/off. This can also be
controlled by a connected footswitch. (See page
91.)
F36
DSP Type
DspType
(See “DSP Type” list
below.)
(See “DSP Type” list below.)
F37
Harmony On/Off
Harmony
on, off
This turns the Harmony effect on/off. (This is the
same function as that of the HARMONY button. It
can also be controlled by a connected footswitch;
see page 91.)
F38
Harmony Type
HarmType
(See “Harmony Type”
list below.)
(See “Harmony Type” list below.)
F39
Harmony Volume
HarmVol
000 — 127
This determines the level of the Harmony effect,
letting you create the optimum mix with the
original melody note.
44
42
EFFECTS
■ Effect Types
Reverb Types
No. Reverb
Type
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Hall 1
Hall 2
Room 1
Room 2
Stage 1
Stage 2
Plate 1
Plate 2
Off
Chorus Types
Display
Name
Description
Hall1
Hall2
Room1
Room2
Stage1
Stage2
Plate1
Plate2
Off
Concert hall reverb.
No. Chorus
Type
Small room reverb.
Display
Name
Description
Conventional chorus program
with rich, warm chorusing.
Pronounced three-phase
modulation with a slight metallic
sound.
No effect.
1
2
3
4
Chorus 1
Chorus 2
Flanger 1
Flanger 2
Chorus1
Chorus2
Flanger1
Flanger2
5
Off
Off
Reverb for solo instruments.
Simulated steel plate reverb.
No effect.
DSP Types
No. DSP
Type
Display
Name
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Hall 1
Hall 2
Room 1
Room 2
Stage 1
Stage 2
Plate 1
Plate 2
Early Reflection 1
Early Reflection 2
Gate Reverb
Reverse Gate
Chorus 1
Chorus 2
Flanger 1
Flanger 2
Symphonic
Phaser
Rotary Speaker 1
Rotary Speaker 2
Tremolo 1
Tremolo 2
Guitar Tremolo
Auto Pan
Hall1
Hall2
Room1
Room2
Stage1
Stage2
Plate1
Plate2
ER1
ER2
Gate1
Gate2
Chorus1
Chorus2
Flanger1
Flanger2
Symphony
Phaser
Rotary1
Rotary2
Tremolo1
Tremolo2
Tremolo3
AutoPan
Concert hall reverb.
25
26
AutoWah
DelayLCR
27
28
29
Auto Wah
Delay Left Center - Right
Delay Left - Right
Echo
Cross Delay
30
31
32
Distortion Hard
Distortion Soft
EQ Disco
D Hard
D Soft
EQ Disco
33
EQ Telephone
EQ Tel
34
Off
Off
DelayLR
Echo
CrossDly
Small room reverb.
Reverb for solo instruments.
Simulated steel plate reverb.
Early reflections only.
Gated reverb effect, in which the reverberation is quickly cut off for special effects.
Similar to Gate Reverb, but with a reverse increase in reverb.
Conventional chorus effect with rich, warm chorusing.
Pronounced three-phase modulation with slight metallic sound.
Exceptionally rich & deep chorusing.
Pronounced, metallic modulation with periodic phase change.
Rotary speaker simulation.
Rich Tremolo effect with both volume and pitch modulation.
Simulated electric guitar tremolo.
Several panning effects that automatically shift the sound position (left, right, front,
back).
Repeating filter sweep “wah” effect.
Three independent delays, for the left, right and center stereo positions.
Initial delay for each stereo channel, and two separate feedback delays.
Stereo delay, with independent feedback level settings for each channel.
Complex effect that sends the delayed repeats “bouncing” between the left and right
channels.
Hard-edge distortion.
Soft, warm distortion.
Equalizer effect that boosts both high and low frequencies, as is typical in most disco
music.
Equalizer effect that cuts both high and low frequencies, to simulate the sound heard
through a telephone receiver.
No effect.
43
45
EFFECTS
Harmony Types
No. Harmony Type
Display Name
Description
1
2
3
4
5
Duet
Trio
Block
Country
Octave
Duet
Trio
Block
Country
Octave
Harmony types 1 - 5 are pitch-based and add one-, two- or
three-note harmonies to the single-note melody played in the
right hand. These types only sound when chords are played in
the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard.
6
Trill 1/4 note
Tril1/4
7
Trill 1/6 note
Tril1/6
8
Trill 1/8 note
Tril1/8
9
Trill 1/12 note
Tril1/12
10
Trill 1/16 note
Tril1/16
11
Trill 1/24 note
Tril1/24
12
Trill 1/32 note
Tril1/32
13
Tremolo 1/4 note
Trem1/4
14
Tremolo 1/6 note
Trem1/6
15
Tremolo 1/8 note
Trem1/8
16
Tremolo 1/12 note
Trem1/12
17
Tremolo 1/16 note
Trem1/16
18
Tremolo 1/24 note
Trem1/24
19
Tremolo 1/32 note
Trem1/32
20
Echo 1/4 note
Echo1/4
21
Echo 1/6 note
Echo1/6
22
Echo 1/8 note
Echo1/8
23
Echo 1/12 note
Echo1/12
24
Echo 1/16 note
Echo1/16
25
Echo 1/24 note
Echo1/24
26
Echo 1/32 note
Echo1/32
3
3
3
Types 6 - 26 are rhythm-based effects and add embellishments
or delayed repeats in time with the auto accompaniment.
These types sound whether the auto accompaniment is on or
not; however, the actual speed of the effect depends on the
Tempo setting (page 76). The individual note values in each
type let you synchronize the effect precisely to the rhythm.
Triplet settings are also available: 1/6 = quarter-note triplets, 1/
12 = eighth-note triplets, 1/24 = sixteenth-note triplets.
• The Trill effect Types (6 - 12) create two-note trills (alternating
notes) when two notes are held.
3
• The Tremolo effect Types (13 - 19) repeat all held notes (up to
four).
3
• The Echo effect Types (20 - 26) create delayed repeats of each
note played.
3
3
3
3
46
44
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT —
THE STYLE MODE
The Style mode provides dynamic rhythm/accompaniment patterns — as well as
voice settings appropriate for each pattern — for various popular music styles.
A total of 100 different styles are available, in several different categories. Each style is made up of
separate “sections” — Intro, Main A and B (with 4 Fill-ins), and Ending — letting you call up different
accompaniment sections as you perform.
The auto accompaniment features that are built into the rhythms add the excitement of instrumental
backing to your performance, letting you control the accompaniment by the chords you play. Auto
accompaniment effectively splits the keyboard into two sections: The upper is used for playing a
melody line, and the lower (set by default to keys F#2 and lower) is for the auto accompaniment
function.
The Style mode also has the powerful Chord Guide features, which include three sophisticated learning and performance tools: Dictionary, Smart, and EZ Chord. The Dictionary and Smart functions
(pages 62, 64) provide powerful, easy-to-use tools for learning chords and chord relationships. EZ
Chord (page 66) lets you record chord progressions for an entire song, and then step through the
chords by simply pressing a single key in the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard.
SELECTING A STYLE AND PLAYING THE ACCOMPANIMENT
1
Select the Style mode.
Press the STYLE button.
Indicates Style
mode is selected
STYLE
MEASURE
2
Style name and number
0018BtPop1
001 116
TEMPO
Select the desired style number.
Use the numeric keypad. The basic categories of styles and their numbers
are shown at the left of the panel. A complete list of the available styles is
given on page 111.
45
47
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
Style numbers can be selected in the same way as with the voices (see page
28). You can use the numeric keypad to directly enter the style number,
use the +/- keys to step up and down through the styles, or press the STYLE
button to advance through the style numbers.
3
Start the accompaniment.
You can do this in one of the following ways:
Pressing the START/STOP button
The rhythm starts playing immediately without bass and chord
accompaniment. The currently selected Main A or B section will play.
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
This function can also be
controlled by using a
connected footswitch. (See
page 91.)
B
AUTO FILL
You can select the Main A or B section by pressing the appropriate
button — MAIN A or MAIN B — before pressing the START/STOP
button. (The icon section of the display briefly shows the letter of the
selected section: “A” or “B.”)
ACMP
ON/OFF
MEASURE
SYNCSTART
001 116
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
Indicates
selected section
(Main A or B).
TEMPO
Using Sync-Start
The PortaTone also has a Sync-Start function that allows you to start
the rhythm/accompaniment by simply pressing a key on the keyboard. To use Sync-Start, first press the SYNC-START button (the
beat bars below the style name all flash to indicate Sync-Start standby), then press any key on the keyboard. (When auto accompaniment is on, play a key or chord in the auto accompaniment section of
the keyboard.)
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
Auto accompaniment
section
48
46
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
Starting with an Intro section
Each style has its own two- or four-measure Intro section. When used
with the auto accompaniment, many of the Intro sections also include special chord changes and embellishments to enhance your
performance.
To start with an Intro section:
1) Press the MAIN A or MAIN B button — to select which
section (A or B) is to follow the Intro.
ACMP
ON/OFF
MEASURE
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
001 116
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
Indicates selected
section (Main A
or B).
TEMPO
2) Press the INTRO button.
ACMP
ON/OFF
MEASURE
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
001 116
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
This function can also be
controlled by using a
connected footswitch. (See
page 91.)
B
AUTO FILL
Indicates Intro
standby.
TEMPO
To actually start the Intro section and accompaniment,
press the START/STOP button.
Once the Intro section is finished, the icon section of the display
briefly shows the letter “A” or “B” to indicate that the selected
Main section is currently playing.
Using Sync-Start with an Intro section
You can also use the Sync-Start function with the special Intro section
of the selected style.
To use Sync-Start with an Intro section:
1) Press the MAIN A or MAIN B button — to select which
section (A or B) is to follow the Intro.
ACMP
ON/OFF
MEASURE
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
001 116
TEMPO
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
Indicates
selected section
(Main A or B).
47
49
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
2) Press the INTRO button.
ACMP
ON/OFF
MEASURE
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
Indicates Intro
standby.
001 116
TEMPO
3) Press the SYNC-START button to enable Sync-Start, and start
the Intro section and accompaniment by playing any key on
the keyboard. (When auto accompaniment is on, play a key or
chord in the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard.)
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
Auto accompaniment
section
Once the Intro section is finished, the icon section of the display
briefly shows the letter “A” or “B” to indicate that the selected Main
section is currently playing.
About Auto Accompaniment
Auto accompaniment can be used with any of the above methods. Simply press the ACMP ON/OFF button to
turn on the auto accompaniment. (This can be done at any point in the operation.)
ACMP
ON/OFF
Indicates that
auto accompaniment is on.
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
ACMP ON
When using Sync-Start with the auto accompaniment, only keys in the auto accompaniment section can be
used to start the accompaniment. (For more information on auto accompaniment, see page 52.)
50
48
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
About the Beat Display
The dark bars underneath the style name in the display flash in time with the current tempo during playback
(or Sync-Start standby) of the accompaniment. The flashing bars provide a visual indication of both the tempo
and time signature of the accompaniment. (For more information, see page 77.)
4
Stop the accompaniment.
You can do this in one of three ways:
Pressing the START/STOP button
The rhythm/accompaniment stops playing immediately.
Using an Ending section
Press the INTRO/ENDING button. The accompaniment stops after
the Ending section is finished.
Pressing the SYNC-START button
• This function can also be
controlled by using a
connected footswitch. (See
page 91.)
• To have the Ending
section gradually slow down
as it is playing, press the
INTRO/ENDING button
twice quickly.
This immediately stops the accompaniment and automatically enables Sync-Start, letting you re-start the accompaniment by simply
playing a chord or key in the auto accompaniment section of the
keyboard.
49
51
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROLS
When the Style mode is active, the panel buttons below the display function as accompaniment
controls.
ACMP
ON/OFF
Pressing this
button selects the
Main A section, or
adds a Fill-in A
section. (See
page 54.)
Pressing this
button alternately
starts and stops
accompaniment
playback.
Pressing this button
alternately enables
and cancels the bass
and chord accompaniment. (See below.)
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
MAIN
rit.
This controls
the Intro and
Ending
sections.
(See pages
49, 51.)
Pressing this
button alternately
enables and
cancels the SyncStart function.
(See page 48.)
B
AUTO FILL
This controls the
Chord Guide
functions. (See
page 62.)
CHORD
GUIDE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
Pressing this button
selects the Main B
section, or adds a
Fill-in B section.
(See page 54.)
USING THE AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT FEATURES
1
Turn on the auto accompaniment.
Press the ACMP ON/OFF button to turn on (enable) the auto accompaniment.
ACMP
ON/OFF
Indicates that
auto accompaniment is on.
2
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
ACMP ON
Select a style and play the accompaniment.
Select one of the styles and start playback, as described in steps 1 - 3 on
page 47.
52
50
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
3
Change chords using the auto accompaniment feature.
Try playing a few successive single notes with your
left hand, and notice how the bass and chord
accompaniment change with each key you play.
You can also play full chords to control the auto
accompaniment. (Refer to page 56 for more information on how to use auto accompaniment.)
• The ACMP ON/OFF button can also be used to turn off
and on the bass/chord accompaniment while playing —
allowing you to create dynamic rhythmic breaks in your
performance.
• You can use the Sync-Start function to create a similar,
yet even more dramatic break. While the accompaniment
is playing, pressing the SYNC-START button immediately
stops the accompaniment and enables Sync-Start. This
lets you play unaccompanied until you press a key in the
auto accompaniment section to start the accompaniment
again. This is especially effective when you press the
SYNC-START button at the end of a musical phrase.
Chords played in the auto accompaniment section of the
keyboard are also detected and played when the accompaniment is stopped. In effect, this gives you a “split
keyboard,” with bass and chords in the left hand and the
normally selected voice in the right.
CHANGING THE TEMPO
The Tempo of song (and accompaniment) playback
can be adjusted over a range of 32 - 280 bpm
(beats per minute). For instructions on changing
the Tempo, see page 76.
Each style has been given a default or standard tempo.
(For instructions on restoring the default tempo, see page
77.) When accompaniment playback is stopped and a
different style is selected, the tempo returns to the default
setting of the new style. When switching styles during
playback, the last tempo setting is maintained. (This
allows you to keep the same tempo, even when changing
styles.)
51
53
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
ACCOMPANIMENT SECTIONS (MAIN A, MAIN B
AND FILL-INS)
While the accompaniment is playing, you can add variation in the rhythm/
accompaniment by pressing the MAIN/AUTO FILL A or B button. This
automatically plays one of four Fill-in sections, and smoothly leads into the
next section — even if it is the same section.
ACMP
ON/OFF
MEASURE
SYNCSTART
001 116
START/
STOP
TEMPO
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
This appears while
the Fill-in section is
playing.
Each style has four different Fill-in sections that play in the following conditions:
• Main A → Main A
• Main A → Main B
• Main B → Main A
• Main B → Main B
(Fill-in “AA”)
(Fill-in “AB”)
(Fill-in “BA”)
(Fill-in “BB”)
• This function can also be
controlled by using a
connected footswitch. (See
page 91.)
• If you press the MAIN A or
B button, the Fill-in will
begin immediately, and the
newly selected section (A or
B) will actually begin
playing from the top of the
next measure, unless the
MAIN A or B button is
pressed during the last beat
of the measure — in which
case the Fill-in will begin
from the first beat of the
next measure.
• Rhythm sounds and Fill-in
sections are not available
when one of the Pianist
styles (#91 - #100) are
selected.
54
52
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
ADJUSTING THE ACCOMPANIMENT VOLUME
The playback volume of the accompaniment can be adjusted. This volume
control affects only the accompaniment volume. The volume range is 000
- 127.
1
Select the Accompaniment Volume function in the
Overall menu.
Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until
“AcmpVol” appears in the display.
Current Accompaniment Volume value
STYLE
100AcmpVol
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
Indicates Accompaniment
Volume is selected
2
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Accompaniment
Volume value. Holding down either button continuously increases or
decreases the value.
Increases Accompaniment
Volume value
Decreases Accompaniment
Volume value
Restoring the Default
Value
To restore the default
Accompaniment Volume
value (100), press both
OVERALL +/- buttons
simultaneously (when
Accompaniment Volume is
selected in the Overall
menu).
Accompaniment Volume
cannot be changed unless
the Style mode is active.
53
55
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
USING AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — MULTI FINGERING
When it is set to on (page 52), the auto accompaniment function automatically generates bass and chord accompaniment for you to play along with,
by using Multi Fingering operation. You can change the chords of the
accompaniment by playing keys in the auto accompaniment section of the
keyboard using either the “Single Finger” or “Fingered” method. With
Single Finger you can simply play a one-, two- or three-finger chord indication (see Single Finger Chords below). The Fingered technique is that of
conventionally playing all the notes of the chord. Whichever method you
use, the PortaTone “understands” what chord you indicate and then
automatically generates the accompaniment.
Single Finger Chords
C
To play a major chord: Press the root
note of the chord.
Chords that can be produced in Single Finger
operation are major, minor, seventh and
minor seventh. The illustration shows how to
produce the four chord types. (The key of C
is used here as an example; other keys follow
the same rules. For example, Bb7 is played as
Bb and A.)
Cm
To play a minor chord: Press the root
note together with the nearest black
key to the left of it.
C7
To play a seventh chord: Press the root
note together with the nearest white
key to the left of it.
Cm 7
To play a minor seventh chord: Press
the root note together with the nearest
white and black keys to the left of it
(three keys altogether).
Fingered Chords
Using the key of C as an example, the chart below shows the types of
chords that can be recognized in the Fingered mode.
Example for “C” chords
CmM 7
CmM 7 (9)
(
)
(
(
C (b5)
CM7 b5
Cm 7 (9)
Cm 7 (11)
)
CM 7 aug
CM7 (#11)
(
Caug
)
Csus 4
CM 7 (9)
CM 7
)
C6
)
C (9)
(
C 6 (9)
C
Cm (9)
Cm 6
Cm 7
Cm 7 b5
CmM 7 b5
Cdim
Cdim 7
C7
C 7 (13)
C 7 (#9)
C 7 b5
C 7 aug
C 7 sus4
)
)
)
)
(
(
(
(
)
(
)
(
)
C 7 (b13)
(
(
)
(
C 7 (#11)
C 7 (b9)
)
)
(
)
(
C 7 (9)
(
(
)
)
(
)
Cm
C 1+2+5
* Notes enclosed in parentheses are optional; the chords will be recognized without them.
56
54
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
Chord Name/[Abbreviation]
Normal Voicing
Chord (C)
Display
Major [M]
1-3-5
C
C
Add ninth [(9)]
1-2-3-5
C(9)
C(9)
Sixth [6]
1 - (3) - 5 - 6
C6
C6
Sixth ninth [6(9)]
1 - 2 - 3 - (5) - 6
C6(9)
C6(9)
Major seventh [M7]
1 - 3 - (5) - 7 or
1 - (3) - 5 - 7
CM7
CM7
Major seventh ninth [M7(9)]
1 - 2 - 3 - (5) - 7
CM7(9)
CM7(9)
Major seventh add sharp eleventh [M7(#11)]
1 - (2) - 3 - #4 - 5 - 7 or
1 - 2 - 3 - #4 - (5) - 7
CM7(#11)
CM7(#11)
Flatted fifth [(b5)]
1 - 3 - b5
C(b5)
Cb5
Major seventh flatted fifth [M7b5]
1 - 3 - b5 - 7
CM7b5
CM7b5
Suspended fourth [sus4]
1-4-5
Csus4
Csus4
Augmented [aug]
1 - 3 - #5
Caug
Caug
Major seventh augmented [M7aug]
1 - (3) - #5 - 7
CM7aug
CM7aug
Minor [m]
1 - b3 - 5
Cm
Cm
Minor add ninth [m(9)]
1 - 2 - b3 - 5
Cm(9)
Cm(9)
Minor sixth [m6]
1 - b3 - 5 - 6
Cm6
Cm6
Minor seventh [m7]
1 - b3 - (5) - b7
Cm7
Cm7
Minor seventh ninth [m7(9)]
1 - 2 - b3 - (5) - b7
Cm7(9)
Cm7(9)
Minor seventh add eleventh [m7(11)]
1 - (2) - b3 - 4 - 5 - (b7)
Cm7(11)
Cm7(11)
Minor major seventh [mM7]
1 - b3 - (5) - 7
CmM7
CmM7
Minor major seventh ninth [mM7(9)]
1 - 2 - b3 - (5) - 7
CmM7(9)
CmM7(9)
Minor seventh flatted fifth [m7b5]
1 - b3 - b5 - b7
Cm7b5
Cm7b5
Minor major seventh flatted fifth [mM7b5]
1 - b3 - b5 - 7
CmM7b5
CmM7b5
Diminished [dim]
1 - b3 - b5
Cdim
Cdim
Diminished seventh [dim7]
1 - b3 - b5 - 6
Cdim7
Cdim7
Seventh [7]
1 - 3 - (5) - b7 or
1 - (3) - 5 - b7
C7
C7
Seventh flatted ninth [7(b9)]
1 - b2 - 3 - (5) - b7
C7(b9)
C7(b9)
Seventh add flatted thirteenth [7(b13)]
1 - 3 - 5 - b6 - b7
C7(b13)
C7(b13)
Seventh ninth [7(9)]
1 - 2 - 3 - (5) - b7
C7(9)
C7(9)
Seventh add sharp eleventh [7(#11)]
1 - (2) - 3 - #4 - 5 - b7 or
1 - 2 - 3 - #4 - (5) - b7
C7(#11)
C7(#11)
Seventh add thirteenth [7(13)]
1 - 3 - (5) - 6 - b7
C7(13)
C7(13)
Seventh sharp ninth [7(#9)]
1 - #2 - 3 - (5) - b7
C7(#9)
C7(#9)
Seventh flatted fifth [7b5]
1 - 3 - b5 - b7
C7b5
C7b5
Seventh augmented [7aug]
1 - 3 - #5 - b7
C7aug
C7aug
Seventh suspended fourth [7sus4]
1 - 4 - (5) - b7
C7sus4
C7sus4
One plus two plus five [1+2+5]
1-2-5
C1+2+5
C
• Notes in parentheses can
be omitted.
• Playing two same root
keys in the adjacent octaves
produces accompaniment
based only on the root.
• A perfect fifth (1 + 5)
produces accompaniment
based only on the root and
fifth which can be used with
both major and minor
chords.
• The chord fingerings listed
are all in “root” position,
but other inversions can be
used — with the following
exceptions:
m7, m7b5, 6, m6, sus4,
aug, dim7, 7b5, 6(9),
1+2+5.
• Inversion of the 7sus4 and
m7(11) chords are not
recognized if the notes
shown in parentheses are
omitted.
• The AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT will sometimes not
change when related chords
are played in sequence (e.g.
some minor chords followed
by the minor seventh).
• Two-note fingerings will
produce a chord based on
the previously played chord.
55
57
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
SETTING THE ACCOMPANIMENT SPLIT POINT
The Accompaniment Split Point determines the highest key for the accompaniment section. The accompaniment can be played with the keys up to
and including the Accompaniment Split Point key.
This parameter can be set lower (but not higher) than the Split Point in the
Split mode. When set to different values, the two settings affect one
another in the following way:
• When the Split mode Split Point is set higher than the Accompaniment Split Point:
Accompaniment
Split
Main
• When the Split mode Split Point is set to the same key as the Accompaniment Split
Point:
Split voice +
Accompaniment section
1
Main
Call up the Function mode.
Press the FUNCTION button.
2
Select the Accompaniment Split Point parameter.
While the “FUNCTION” indication is flashing, use the numeric keypad to
select the Accompaniment Split Point parameter (#51). (For details on the
parameter, see below.)
• Since the “FUNCTION”
indication flashes for only a
couple of seconds, make
sure to select the parameter
quickly after step 1 above.
The Function parameter number can be selected in the same way as with
the voices (see page 28) — with the numeric keypad, +/- keys, or the
FUNCTION button.
STYLE
F51AcmpSPnt
FUNCTION
58
56
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
3
Change the parameter setting or value.
After the “FUNCTION” indication stops flashing, use the numeric keypad to
change the value or setting.
054AcmpSPnt
STYLE
FUNCTION
The value can also be set directly by pressing the desired key while this
parameter is selected. After setting this, make sure to select a different
parameter or exit the Function mode before playing the keyboard.
Function Parameter — Accompaniment Split Point
Function Parameters
No.
Parameter Name
Display Name
Range/Settings
Description
F51
Accompaniment
Split Point
AcmpSPnt
000 — 127
This determines the highest key for the accompaniment section and sets the accompaniment split
“point” — in other words, the key that separates the
accompaniment section and the Main voice. (When
accompaniment is turned on, the accompaniment
section sounds up to and including the Accompaniment Split Point key.) This cannot be set higher
than the Split Point in the Split mode (page 37).
While this is being set, the keyboard does not
produce any sound. After setting this, make sure to
select a different parameter or exit the Function
mode before playing the keyboard.
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
WHAT IS A CHORD?
The simple answer: Three or more notes played simultaneously is a chord. (Two notes played
together is an “interval” — an interval being the distance between two different notes. This is
also referred to as a “harmony.”) Depending on the intervals between the three or more notes,
a chord can sound beautiful or muddy and dissonant.
The organization of notes in the example at left — a triad chord —
produces a pleasant, harmonious sound. Triads are made up of
three notes and are the most basic and common chords in most
music.
In this triad, the lowest note is the “root.” The root (also called the “tonic”) is the most important note in the chord, because it anchors the sound harmonically by determining its “key” and
forms the basis for how we hear the other notes of the chord.
The second note of this chord is four semitones higher than the first, and the third is three
semitones higher than the second. Keeping our root note fixed and changing these notes by a
semitone up or down (sharp or flat), we can create four different chords.
Major chord
(ex. C)
Minor
3rd
Minor chord
(ex. C m)
Major
3rd
Major
3rd
Minor
3rd
Augmented chord
(ex. C aug)
Major
3rd
Major
3rd
Diminished chord
(ex. Cdim)
Minor
3rd
Minor
3rd
Keep in mind that we can also change the “voicing” of a chord — for example, change the
order of the notes (called “inversions”), or play the same notes in different octaves — without
changing the basic nature of the chord itself.
Inversion examples for the key of C
G
E
C
C
G
E
E
C
G
Beautiful sounding harmonies can be built in this manner. The use of intervals and chords is one
of the most important elements in music. A wide variety of emotions and feelings can be created depending on the types of chords used and the order in which they are arranged.
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
WRITING CHORD NAMES
Knowing how to read and write chord names is an easy yet invaluable skill. Chords are often
written in a kind of shorthand that makes them instantly recognizable (and gives you the freedom to play them with the voicing or inversion that you prefer). Once you understand the
basic principles of harmony and chords, it’s very simple to use this shorthand to write out the
chords of a song.
First, write the root note of the chord in an uppercase letter. If you need to specify sharp or flat,
indicate that to the right of the root. The chord type should be indicated to the right as well.
Examples for the key of C are shown below.
Major chord
Minor chord
Augmented chord
Diminished chord
C
Cm
Caug
Cdim
For simple major chords, the type is omitted.
One important point: Chords are made up of notes “stacked” on top of each other, and the
stacked notes are indicated in the chord name of the chord type as a number — the number
being the distance of the note from the root. (See the keyboard diagram below.) For example,
the minor 6th chord includes the 6th note of the scale, the major 7th chord has the 7th note of
the scale, etc.
Dominant 7th
(flatted 7th)
The Intervals of the Scale
To better understand the intervals and the numbers
used to represent them in the chord name, study
this diagram of the C major scale:
C D E F G A B C D E F
Root
Other Chords
C sus4
5th
C7
4th
Cm7b5
4th
3rd
2nd
Dominant
7th
Cm7
Major
chord
Cm6
Dominant
7th
C(9)
5th
Octave
7th
11th
9th
6th
C M7
Minor
chord
7th
Major
chord
Cdim7
* Bbb = A
Dominant
7th
Diminished
chord
Minor
chord
6th
9th
Diminished
7th
(double
flatted 7th)
Diminished
chord
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
CHORD GUIDE
The Chord Guide functions of the PortaTone provide powerful, easy-to-use
tools for learning chords and chord relationships. Chord Guide features
three different types of operation: Dictionary, Smart, and EZ Chord.
• Pressing the CHORD GUIDE button automatically turns on the auto accompaniment.
• When you wish to use the Style mode normally without the Chord Guide functions,
make sure that OFF is selected. To do this:
1) Press the STYLE button to select the Style mode.
2) Press the CHORD GUIDE button so that a style name is shown in the display
(instead of “Dict.,” “Smart,” or “EZ”).
Dictionary
The Dictionary type is essentially a built-in “chord book” that shows you
the individual notes of chords. It is ideal when you know the name of a
certain chord and want to quickly learn how to play it.
1
With the Style mode active, select the Dictionary Chord Guide.
Press the CHORD GUIDE button so that “Dict.” appears in the display.
CHORD
GUIDE
2
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
Dict.
STYLE
Specify the root of the chord.
Press the key on the keyboard that corresponds to the desired chord
root (as printed on the panel).
ROOT
G
Pressing this key
selects the root G.
ACMP ON
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
3
Specify the type of the chord (major, minor,
seventh, etc.).
Press the key on the keyboard that corresponds to the desired chord
type (as printed on the panel).
M7
CHORD TYPE
Pressing this key selects the major seventh chord type (M7).
The display shows the name of the chord, and the individual
notes — both in notation and on the keyboard diagram.
Dict.
STYLE
ACMP ON
M7
MEASURE
001 116
TEMPO
Individual notes of
chord (keyboard)
4
Chord name
(root and type)
For a few specific chords,
not all notes may be shown
in the notation section of
the display. This is due to
space limitations in the
display.
Notation of chord
Play the chord.
Play the chord (as indicated in the display) in the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard. The chord name flashes when the
correct notes are held down. (Inversions for many of the chords are
also recognized.)
Dict.
STYLE
ACMP ON
M7
MEASURE
001 116
TEMPO
Indicates notes to be played.
Flashes when correct notes are held.
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
Smart
The Smart type allows you to set the basic key for the chord accompaniment. Once this is set, you can simply press single keys in the scale and
have harmonically appropriate chords played automatically. For example,
with the key set to C, playing an D will result in an D minor chord (rather
than a harmonically inappropriate D major).
The Smart type is not only a convenient feature for easily playing various
chord progressions in a specified key, it’s also an excellent learning tool to
find out how chords relate to each other harmonically in a given key.
1
Select a style.
Select one of the styles, as described in steps 1 - 2 on page 47.
2
Select the Smart Chord Guide.
Press the CHORD GUIDE button so that “Smart” appears briefly in
the display.
CHORD
GUIDE
3
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
Smart
STYLE
Set the desired key.
Use the +/- buttons on the numeric keypad to step through the
available keys, or use the numeric keypad to directly enter the number corresponding to the desired key (see chart below).
Indicates selected key signature (shows
number of sharps or flats in key).
STYLE
Number
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
01#/b=0
Key (display indication, actual key)
#/b=0
(C, or Am)
#=1
(G, or Em)
#=2
(D, or Bm)
#=3
(A, or F#m)
#=4
(E, or C#m)
#=5
(B, or G#m)
#=6
(F#, or D#m)
#=7
(C#, or A#m)
Number
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
Key (display indication, actual key)
b=7
(Cb, or Abm)
b=6
(Gb, or Ebm)
b=5
(Db, or Bbm)
b=4
(Ab, or Fm)
b=3
(Eb, or Cm)
b=2
(Bb, or Gm)
b=1
(F, or Dm)
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
For example, to play the following music score, select number 15 so
that the key is set to b=1 (F, or Dm).
Key of F
15b=1
STYLE
4
Play the accompaniment, and play single note
chords (root notes) in the auto accompaniment
section.
Start accompaniment playback in the desired way. (For specific
instructions on starting the accompaniment, see page 48.)
For example, when the key has been set to F major, you can play the
following chords by pressing the single root notes indicated below:
To play these chords...
F
Dm
Gm
Dm
...press these root notes.
Notice that the minor chords appropriate to the key of F major are
automatically converted.
Smart Chord List
No.
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
Display
indication
#/b=0
#=1
#=2
#=3
#=4
#=5
#=6
#=7
b=7
b=6
b=5
b=4
b=3
b=2
b=1
Root note
C
C# (Db)
C
C#dim
C
C#dim
C
C#m
C
C#m
C
C#m
Cdim
C#m
Cdim
C#
Cm
C#
Cdim
C#m
Cdim
C#
Cm
C#
Cm
C#
Cm
C#
Cm
C#
C
C#
D
Dm
D
D
D
D
D
D
Ddim
D
D
Ddim
Ddim
Dm
Dm
Dm
Eb (D#)
Eb
Eb
Ebdim
Ebdim
Ebm
Ebm
Ebm
Ebm
Ebm
Ebm
Ebm
Eb
Eb
Eb
Eb
E
Em
Em
Em
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
Edim
Edim
Em
F
F
F
F
F
Fdim
Fdim
Fm
Fm
Fdim
Fm
Fm
Fm
Fm
F
F
F# (Gb)
F#dim
F#m
F#m
F#m
F#m
F#
F#
F#
F#
F#
F#
F#
F#
F#
F#dim
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
Gdim
Gdim
G
Gdim
Gdim
Gm
Gm
Gm
Gm
Ab (G#)
Ab
Abdim
Abdim
Abm
Abm
Abm
Abm
Ab
Abm
Abm
Ab
Ab
Ab
Ab
Ab
A
Am
Am
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
Adim
Adim
Am
Am
Bb (A#)
Bb
Bb
Bb
Bbdim
Bbdim
Bbm
Bbm
Bbm
Bbm
Bbm
Bbm
Bbm
Bb
Bb
Bb
B
Bm
Bm
Bm
Bm
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
Bdim
Bdim
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
EZ Chord
The EZ Chord function is an exceptionally flexible and easy way to program
semi-automatic backing for your performances. It lets you record all
necessary chord changes for an entire song, and then allows you to “play”
each chord in the sequence you programmed by simply pressing a single
key in the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard.
Besides being a convenient performance tool, EZ Chord is also ideal for
practicing right hand melodies and soloing techniques, since it lets you
easily produce the chord accompaniment with your left hand — allowing
you to concentrate on your right hand.
EZ Chord gives you eight separate banks (each of which contains up to 128
chord spaces) to which you can record chords. A special bank chain
function allows you to connect all banks, letting you switch automatically
from one bank to the next, without breaking up your chord progression.
EZ Chord — Playback
Once you’ve recorded your own EZ Chord bank (page 68), you can
play it back using the operation steps below.
However, you can try out EZ Chord on your own right now, without
having to record your own EZ Chord bank. Several chord progressions have already been recorded to EZ Chord banks 1 and 2, letting
you try out this convenient feature and get some ideas on how to
best use EZ Chord in your own performances. (For your convenience, the scores for factory-programmed banks 1 and 2 are given
on page 107.)
1
Call up the Style mode and select a style. Also
select an OTS setting, if desired.
Press the STYLE button and select the desired style with the numeric
keypad. (For more information on OTS, see page 72.)
2
Select the EZ Chord function.
Press the CHORD GUIDE button, repeatedly if necessary, until “EZ”
appears. The auto accompaniment is automatically turned on when
EZ Chord is selected.
CHORD
GUIDE
DICTIONARY
SMART
EZ
OFF
STYLE
1EZ
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
3
Select the desired EZ Chord bank.
Use the numeric keypad. Buttons 1 - 8 select EZ Chord banks #1 #8, respectively. Button 9 selects the bank chain “A-1” bank (see box
below).
4
Start the accompaniment.
Use any one of the methods described on page 48 to start the accompaniment.
The EZ Chord chords can also be played back without the full (bass
and rhythm) accompaniment. To do this, simply skip step #4.
5
Play the chords.
To play a chord, press any one key in the auto accompaniment
section of the keyboard.
Auto accompaniment
section
• To reset the position to
the first chord in the bank,
simply select the same bank
again by pressing the
corresponding number
button of the numeric
keypad.
ACMP ON
Chord name
006 116
TEMPO
Indicates the chord position
(128 are available in a bank).
Each dark “block” indicates
a recorded chord. Currently
selected block flashes.
Each time you press a single key in the accompaniment section of the
keyboard, EZ Chord plays the recorded chord and automatically
advances to the next one. (Unrecorded “empty” blocks are skipped.)
In this way, you can control the timing of chords with just a single
finger of your left hand, and still use the powerful auto accompaniment features to create full backing — while you play melodies or
solo with your right hand.
• The accompaniment Split
Point can be freely set,
letting you determine what
keys comprise the auto
accompaniment section of
the keyboard. (See page
59.)
• You can use the
footswitch to select
successive chords, letting
you play the full keyboard
while still being able to use
EZ Chord. (See page 91.)
Bank Chain
A special bank chain function allows you to connect all banks, letting you go automatically from one bank to
the next, without breaking up your chord progression. This, for example, lets you program chord changes for
an entire set of songs, and not have to interrupt your performance by changing banks.
To use this, go to step #3 above (in “EZ Chord
Playback”) and press the “9” button of the
numeric keypad.
STYLE
A-1EZ
Indicates that bank chain is selected.
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
EZ Chord — Recording
1
Enable recording.
Press the RECORD button, repeatedly if necessary, until EZ Chord
recording is selected. (“EZ” appears in the display and the
“RECORD” indication flashes for a couple of seconds.)
RECORD indication flashes
briefly.
3EZ
STYLE
RECORD
RECORD
ACMP ON
2
Select the desired EZ Chord bank.
Use the numeric keypad. Buttons 1 - 8 select EZ Chord banks #1 #8, respectively.
3
— Clearing
the Bank
Before recording, you may
want to erase (clear) all
recorded chords for the
selected EZ Chord bank. For
instructions on doing this,
see “Clearing an EZ Chord
Bank” on page 71.
Start recording.
Even if you’ve recorded over
(erased) the factory set EZ
Chord banks, you can
restore the original banks.
(See page 105.)
When the “RECORD” indication stops flashing (and is lit continuously), you can start recording. Recording chords in EZ Chord is
essentially a three-step operation:
1) Select the desired block with the +/- buttons.
RECORD
ACMP ON
1 — 16 Block
17 — 32 Block
33 — 48 Block
49 — 64 Block
65 — 80 Block
81 — 96 Block
97 — 112 Block
113 — 128 Block
3-025
Indicates the
chord position.
Currently selected
block flashes.
2) At the selected block, record the desired chord.
You can do this in one of two ways:
• Play Multi Fingering chords in the auto accompaniment
section. (See page 56.)
• Enter the chord root and name manually from the
ROOT and CHORD TYPE section of the keyboard.
RECORD
ACMP ON
M7
Indicates the
recorded chord.
3-025
Bank number
Block number (128 are available in a bank)
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
3) Press the + button in the numeric keypad.
This actually records the chord to the selected block and automatically moves to the next block.
This step is necessary; the chord is not actually recorded until you
press the + button. (Pressing the - button will select the previous
block without recording the chord.)
To record a sequence of chords, repeat steps 2) and 3) above (play a
chord, select the next step, play a different chord, select the next
step, etc.).
4
Stop recording and exit from the record mode.
When finished recording the chords, press the RECORD button. This
exits from the record mode and lets you playback your newly recorded chords. (See page 66.)
Recording a Space
To leave a block empty (creating a space between blocks), simply select the next block without entering a
chord. To leave the rest of a row empty and start at the next row, use the + button to move to the first block
in the next row and start recording from that position. (For more infomation, see the hint “Using Spaces” on
page 70.)
Playing the Accompaniment During EZ Chord Recording
It may be helpful for you to hear the style and auto accompaniment as you are
recording chords in the EZ Chord function. To do this:
1) Press the STYLE button.
This briefly calls up the Style mode, while keeping EZ Chord recording
active.
If you manually enter
the chord root and type
(as described on page
68), the chord and bass
accompaniment will not
sound.
2) Select the desired style.
Before the display reverts back to EZ Chord (a couple of seconds after
pressing the STYLE button), use the numeric keypad to select a style.
3) Start accompaniment playback.
Press the START/STOP button.
4) Record the chord.
Play the desired chord in the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard. Remember that the chord is not actually recorded until you press
the + button to move to the next block.
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
HINT — Using Spaces
If your chord progressions are not long and the maximum memory space for chords isn’t very important to
you, you can use the spaces between recorded blocks to good advantage. (Keep in mind that spaces have no
effect during playback; the EZ Chord function automatically skips the space or spaces and plays the next
chord.)
To record a space:
Press the + button without recording a chord.
Some advantages to using spaces:
• Put one or two spaces between recorded chord blocks — for example, between the different sections (verse,
chorus, bridge, etc.) of your song. This gives you a clear visual indication of where you are in a song, and
makes it easier to perform the chord changes.
• Regardless of the musical genre — rock, pop, country, jazz, and even much contemporary music — the
structure of most songs and music, in terms of length in measures, is based on the number four and its
multiples. Examples of this include four- and eight-measure melodic phrases, the popular “twelve-bar” blues,
and the sixteen-measure length of verses and choruses in many pop songs and jazz standards.
What does this have to do with “spaces”? If your chord progression follows this kind of structure closely, you
may want to group the chord changes for each section in four-, eight, twelve- or sixteen-block groups. For
example, the first song in the illustration below shows a sixteen-block group, followed by a group of twelve,
then one of eight.
16 Blocks
3-040
12 Blocks
8 Blocks
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AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT — THE STYLE MODE
Clearing an EZ Chord Bank
This operation lets you erase (clear) all recorded chords for the selected EZ Chord bank.
1
Enable the EZ Chord Record mode.
Press the RECORD button, repeatedly if necessary, until EZ Chord
recording is selected. (“EZ” appears in the display and the
“RECORD” indication flashes for a couple of seconds.)
2
Select the desired point from which chords will
be cleared.
Use the +/- buttons. All chords following the selected point will be
erased.
3
Call up the EZ Chord Clear function.
Wait for a couple of seconds until the “RECORD” indication stops
flashing and “EZ” appears in the display. Then, hold down the “0”
button until the “Clear?” prompt appears.
STYLE
YESClear?
RECORD
ACMP ON
4
Execute the Clear function.
At the “Clear?” prompt, press the + button (“YES”) to actually clear
the bank, or press the - button to cancel.
5
Continue recording, or exit the Record mode.
Operation returns to EZ Chord Record, letting you record a new bank
of chords. To exit, simply press the RECORD button.
Erasing a Single Chord
To erase (clear) a single recorded chord in an EZ Chord bank:
1) Enable the EZ Chord Record mode.
Press the RECORD button, repeatedly if necessary, until EZ Chord recording is selected.
2) Select the desired point at which the chord will be cleared.
Use the +/- buttons.
3) Execute the Clear function.
Press the C6 key (highest key on the keyboard) to actually clear the chord data.
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71
ONE TOUCH SETTING (OTS)
One Touch Setting is a powerful and convenient Style mode function that lets
you instantly reconfigure virtually all settings of the PortaTone — with the touch
of a single button. Two types of One Touch Settings are available: User and
Preset.
ONE TOUCH SETTING — USER
Four User banks each with four different settings — a total of sixteen — are available for your custom
settings. Each of the sixteen User One Touch Settings can have different settings for the following
parameters:
• Main voice number
• All Main voice settings (Volume, Octave, Pan, Reverb Level, Chorus Level, and DSP Level)
• Dual voice number
• All Dual voice settings (On/Off, Volume, Octave, Pan, Reverb Level, Chorus Level, and DSP Level)
• Split voice number
• All Split voice settings (On/Off, Split Point, Volume, Octave, Pan, Reverb Level, Chorus Level, and DSP Level)
• Reverb Type and On/Off
• Chorus Type and On/Off
• DSP Type and On/Off
• Harmony Type, On/Off, and Volume
• Style number, and style-related settings: Accompaniment On/Off, Section (Main A or B), and Accompaniment Split Point
• Overall menu settings: Tempo, Transpose, Tuning, and Accompaniment Volume
• Footswitch assignment
• Touch Sensitivity setting
Recording a User One Touch Setting
1
Make all desired settings for the PortaTone.
Virtually all PortaTone settings can be saved to a User button. Refer
to the list above for details.
2
Select the OTS Record mode.
Press the RECORD button, repeatedly if necessary, until “OTS User”
appears at the top of the display.
RECORD indication flashes briefly.
1OTS User
STYLE
RECORD
RECORD
ACMP ON
3
Select the desired bank.
Use the +/- buttons or the numeric keypad to select the desired User
bank number (1 - 4).
STYLE
72
1OTS User
RECORD
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ONE TOUCH SETTING (OTS)
4
Select the desired User number.
Press the corresponding USER ONE TOUCH SETTING button (1 - 4).
Doing this records the settings to the selected button.
USER
MEASURE
5
PRESET
Briefly appears to
indicate that
settings have been
saved to OTS User
button 1.
001 116
TEMPO
Exit from the Record mode.
Press the RECORD button.
Recalling a User One Touch Setting
Once you’ve recorded your settings to a User button, you can instantly recall those settings any time you want.
1
Call up the Style mode.
Press the STYLE button.
2
Press the appropriate ONE TOUCH SETTING
USER button.
Press the USER button (1 - 4) corresponding to the desired settings.
USER
MEASURE
001 116
TEMPO
PRESET
Briefly appears to
indicate that OTS
User 1 is active.
Selecting a User Bank
Before selecting a User One Touch Setting (in step #2), you may want to select a different bank. To do this:
1) Select Function #41. (Press the FUNCTION button, then use the +/- buttons or the numeric keypad
to select #41.)
2) After the “FUNCTION“ indication stops flashing, select the desired bank number with the +/buttons or the numeric keypad.
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ONE TOUCH SETTING (OTS)
ONE TOUCH SETTING — PRESET
Preset One Touch Settings are used in a slightly different way than the User settings. First, select a
style, then select a Preset OTS. The Preset A and B settings have been specially programmed at the
factory to match the selected style. This means that you can select the style you want, then choose a
Preset that has the best suited voice, effect, and other settings for that style.
• Main voice number
• All Main voice settings (Volume, Octave, Pan, Reverb Level, Chorus Level, and DSP Level)
• Dual voice number
• All Dual voice settings (On/Off, Volume, Octave, Pan, Reverb Level, Chorus Level, and DSP Level)
• Split voice number
• All Split voice settings (Volume, Octave, Pan, Reverb Level, Chorus Level, and DSP Level)
• Reverb Type and On/Off
• Chorus Type and On/Off
• DSP Type and On/Off
• Harmony Type, On/Off, and Volume
• Style-related settings: Accompaniment On/Off, Section (Main A or B), and Accompaniment Split Point
Selecting a Preset One Touch Setting
1
Select a style.
Select one of the styles, as described in steps 1 - 2 on page 47.
2
Press the appropriate ONE TOUCH SETTING
PRESET button.
Press the PRESET button (A, B) corresponding to the desired settings.
USER
MEASURE
3
001 116
TEMPO
PRESET
Briefly appears to
indicate that OTS
Preset A is active.
Play the accompaniment.
Since both Sync-Start and auto accompaniment are automatically set
to On when One Touch Setting is on, playing a key or chord in the
auto accompaniment section of the keyboard starts the accompaniment.
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72
SELECTING AND PLAYING SONGS —
THE SONG MODE
The Song mode features six songs — three demo songs that have been created
using the rich and dynamic sounds of the PortaTone, and three User songs to
which you can record your own performance.
The demo songs are generally for your listening enjoyment; however, you can also play along with
them on the keyboard.
The User songs are “empty” and cannot be played until something has been recorded to them. (For
instructions on recording your own songs, see page 79.)
Song Playback Display
Current measure
number
003Rockin'
SONG
MEASURE
1
“Level meters” show performance
data recorded to each track.
008 205
2
TEMPO
3
4
5
When playing User songs using
accompaniment, these display
the notes and name of the
current chord.
6
Indicates the tracks currently playing back. (These
can be alternately muted and sounded during
playback by pressing the corresponding SONG
MEMORY buttons.)
SELECTING AND PLAYING A SONG
1
Select the Song mode.
Press the SONG button.
Indicates Song mode
is selected
SONG
Song name and number
003Rockin'
73
75
SELECTING AND PLAYING SONGS — THE SONG MODE
2
Select the desired song number.
Use the numeric keypad.
Song numbers can be selected in the same way as
with the voices (see page 28). You can use the
numeric keypad to directly enter the song number,
use the +/- keys to step up and down through the
songs, or press the SONG button to advance
through the song numbers.
3
Start the selected song.
Press the START/STOP button. As the song plays back, the measure number and chords are shown in the display.
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
MAIN
B
AUTO FILL
4
If you want to change to another song, repeat step
2 above.
5
• You can play along with
the song using the currently
selected voice, or even select
a different voice for playing
along. Simply call up the
Voice mode while the song
is playing back and select
the desired voice.
• This function can also be
controlled by using a
connected footswitch. (See
page 91.)
Stop the song.
Press the START/STOP button. If playback was started by pressing the
START/STOP button, the selected song stops automatically.
CHANGING THE TEMPO
The tempo of song (and style) playback can be adjusted over a range of 32
- 280 bpm (beats per minute).
1
Select the Tempo function in the Overall menu.
Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until
“Tempo” appears in the display.
Indicates Tempo is
selected
TEMPO
SONG
Current Tempo value
205Tempo
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74
SELECTING AND PLAYING SONGS — THE SONG MODE
2
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Tempo value.
Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
Increases Tempo
value
Decreases Tempo
value
Restoring the Default Tempo Value
Each song and style has been given a default or standard tempo. If you’ve
changed the tempo, you can restore the original default setting by pressing
both OVERALL +/- buttons simultaneously (when Tempo is selected in the
Overall menu).
Also, the tempo of a song or style returns to the default setting when
selecting a different song or style. (The set tempo remains, however, when
switching styles during playback.) When you turn on the power of the
PortaTone, the tempo is automatically set to 116 bpm.
ABOUT THE BEAT DISPLAY
This section of the display provides a convenient, easy-to-understand
indication of the rhythm for song and style playback. The dark bars below
the name section in the display flash in time with the beat. The first dark
bar indicates the first beat of the measure, and the other bars flash in
sequence to indicate subsequent beats.
SONG
003Rockin'
Fourth beat
Third beat
Second beat
First beat of measure
75
77
SELECTING AND PLAYING SONGS — THE SONG MODE
ADJUSTING THE SONG VOLUME
The playback volume of the song can be adjusted. This volume control
affects only the song volume. The volume range is 000 - 127.
1
Select the Song Volume function in the Overall
menu.
Press one of the OVERALL ▲/▼ buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until
“SongVol” appears in the display.
Indicates Song
Volume is selected
Current Song Volume
value
100SongVol
SONG
ACMP/SONG
VOLUME
MEASURE
1
2
2
001 205
3
4
5
TEMPO
6
Change the value.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Song Volume
value. Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the
value.
Song Volume cannot be
changed unless the Song
mode is active. (This
function becomes Accompaniment Volume when the
Style mode is active.)
Increases Song
Volume value
Decreases Song
Volume value
Restoring the Default Value
To restore the default Song Volume value (100), press both OVERALL +/buttons simultaneously (when Song Volume is selected in the Overall
menu).
78
76
SONG RECORDING
The PortaTone features powerful and easy-to-use song recording features that
let you record your keyboard performances — using up to six separate tracks —
and create your own complete, fully orchestrated compositions. Up to three
User songs can be recorded and saved. There are two record modes: Realtime
and Step.
STYLE
004RealTime
RECORD
MEASURE
001 116
TEMPO
1EZ
STYLE
STYLE
004Step
RECORD
RECORD
MEASURE
001 116
TEMPO
RECORD
001 116
TEMPO
1OTS User
STYLE
RECORD
001 116
TEMPO
Realtime recording is similar to using a tape
recorder; whatever you play on the keyboard is
recorded in real time as you play it. Also, when
you record subsequent parts to other tracks, you
can hear the previously recorded parts as you
record new ones.
Step recording allows you to enter notes individually. As such, it is very similar to writing
down the notes on a sheet of music paper; each
note is entered one at a time.
Each method has its own advantages and uses.
Step recording is excellent for precision and for
entering notes whose placement, rhythmic
value, and velocity are fixed or consistent —
such as individual drum parts in a rhythm pattern, or single notes in a syncopated bass part.
It also gives you precise control in recording fast
or complex passages that would be difficult or
impossible to record in real time. Realtime
Each press of the RECORD button cycles
through the four Record modes — Realtime,
Step, OTS, and EZ Chord — before exiting
back to normal operation. (The OTS and EZ
Chord modes are unrelated to Song recording; they are described on pages 72 and 68,
respectively.)
— Song Memory Capacity
• Maximum number of notes : approximately 10,000
(when only “melody” tracks are recorded)
• Maximum number of chords : approximately 5,500
(when only the chord track is recorded)
recording on the other hand, is best for capturing the natural “feel” of a performance, since it
allows you to record as you are playing and
simultaneously hear what you are recording.
Which method you use depends partly on the
type of music you wish to create and partly on
your own personal preference. You can even
use both methods in tandem. For example, you
could record a basic song guide to track 1 with
Realtime, then use Step to record your “precision” parts to other tracks (and perhaps even rerecord track 1, once all the other parts are in
place). Or you could program basic riffs and
patterns with Step first, then use Realtime to add
melodies and embellishments.
Keep in mind that all recording operations “replace” the data.
In other words, if you record to a track that already has
recorded data, all previous data in the track will be erased and
replaced by the newly recorded data.
77
79
SONG RECORDING
RECORDING A USER SONG — REALTIME RECORDING
In brief, the basic operation for recording is:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
Make all desired PortaTone settings.
Select the Realtime Record mode.
Select a User song for recording.
Select a track number.
Start recording.
Stop recording.
Listen to your new recording.
Record to other tracks as desired.
Exit from the Record mode.
Data that can be recorded to the normal (melody)
tracks:
• Note on/off
• Velocity
• Main voice settings (Voice Number*, Volume*,
Octave, Pan*, Reverb Send Level, Chorus Send
Level, DSP Send Level)
• Dual voice settings (Dual on/off, Voice Number*,
Volume*, Octave, Pan*, Reverb Send Level, Chorus
Send Level, DSP Send Level)
• Reverb on/off, Reverb Type*
• Chorus on/off, Chorus Type*
• DSP on/off, DSP Type*
• Harmony on/off, Harmony Type
• Sustain on/off
• Tempo*, Time Signature* (if there is no such data
in the Chord track)
1
Data that can be recorded to the Chord track:
• Style number*
• Chord changes and timing
• Changing sections (Intro, Main A/B, etc.)
• Accompaniment Volume*
• Tempo, Time Signature*
* These settings can only be recorded once at the beginning
of a song; other settings can be changed in the middle of a
song.
Make all desired PortaTone settings.
Before you actually start recording, you’ll need to make various settings for
the song — such as selecting a style, setting the Tempo, and selecting a
voice. (See pages 47, 76, and 27.)
Selecting a style lets you use the sophisticated auto accompaniment features as part of your song. In this way, you can simply play the chords, and
the PortaTone automatically creates the appropriate bass and chord backing. (For more information on auto accompaniment, see page 52.)
If desired, also make other settings. Refer to the list above for settings that
can be recorded to a song.
80
78
SONG RECORDING
Using the Metronome
You can use the Metronome instead of a style if desired. This allows you to keep
your performance “in time,” even when recording without rhythmic accompaniment. To do this, press the METRONOME button before recording in step #5 below.
After the song is completely recorded, simply play back the song with the Metronome turned off.
2
Select the Realtime Record mode.
Press the RECORD button, repeatedly if necessary, until “RealTime” appears
at the top of the display.
Realtime and Step recording
methods can be mixed in
the same song, but not the
same track.
RECORD indication flashes briefly,
then stays lit to indicate record
standby.
004RealTime
STYLE
RECORD
RECORD
MEASURE
3
001 116
TEMPO
Select a User song for recording.
Use the numeric keypad to select the desired song:
User 1 (004), User 2 (005), or User 3 (006).
User song numbers can be selected in the same way
as with the voices (see page 28). You can use the
numeric keypad to directly enter the song number,
use the +/- keys to step up and down through the
songs, or press the SONG button to advance
through the song numbers.
4
Select a track number.
Press the SONG MEMORY button corresponding to the desired track. (This
step is optional; the PortaTone automatically selects the first available track.
When there is no song data, track 1 is automatically selected.)
1
2
3
4
5
6~16
SONG TRACK
79
81
SONG RECORDING
Recording to the Chord Track
A special Chord track is provided for recording accompaniment data.
This is automatically recorded to the Chord track (track 6). To select
the Chord track and turn on the accompaniment, press the ACMP
ON/OFF button.
RECORD
If accompaniment has
already been turned on
before entering the Record
mode, the Chord track is
automatically selected.
ACMP ON
ACMP
ON/OFF
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
A
rit.
M
MEASURE
AUT
1
001 116
TEMPO
CHORD
You can also simultaneously record one of the melody tracks (1 - 5)
and the Chord track (6).
5
Start recording.
When the “RECORD“ indication stops flashing and the beat bars and track
number start flashing, you can start recording simply by playing the keyboard (or by pressing the START/STOP button).
00
SONG
This function can also be
controlled by using a
connected footswitch. (See
page 91.)
RECORD
ACMP ON
MEASURE
001 116
1
TEMPO
Indicates Record
standby.
Flashing beat bars
indicate Sync-Start is on.
CHORD
If you want to rehearse your part before recording, press the SYNC-START
button to turn Sync-Start off. After rehearsing, press SYNC-START again to
return to the above condition.
When recording the Chord track
With Sync-Start on, play the first chord of the song in the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard. The accompaniment starts
automatically and you can continue recording, playing other chords
in time with the accompaniment.
If you wish to cancel recording at this point, press the RECORD button
again.
6
Stop recording.
After you’ve finished playing the part, press the START/STOP button.
82
80
SONG RECORDING
7
Listen to your new recording.
To play back the song from the beginning, simply press the START/STOP
button again. Playback stops automatically at the end of the song, or
when the START/STOP button is pressed again.
8
Record to other tracks as desired.
To do this, simply repeat steps #4 - #7 above. Make sure that when you
press the SONG MEMORY button corresponding to the desired track, the
track number in the display flashes.
9
Exit from the Record mode.
Press the RECORD button.
■ Additional Operations
Muting Tracks During Playback
While recording is enabled, you can selectively mute different tracks. This is useful for when you want to clearly
hear certain tracks, and not others, during recording. Muting can also be done “on the fly” during playback. To
use muting, press the corresponding SONG MEMORY button, repeatedly if necessary, until the desired track
number in the display is off.
Each press of a SONG MEMORY button (when playback is stopped) cycles through the following settings:
MEASURE
001 116
1
TEMPO
CHORD
Track number flashes — Track will record.*
* Cannot be selected during playback.
Track number off — Track is muted.
Track number on — Track will play back.
Re-recording a Track
If you’ve made a mistake and wish to record a track over again:
Press the corresponding SONG MEMORY button, repeatedly if necessary, until the desired track number in
the display flashes (indicating record standby for that track). Since doing this turns Sync-Start off, press the
SYNC-START button to turn Sync-Start on again, then start recording (as explained in step #5 above).
Alternately, simply press the START/STOP button to start recording.
Clearing a Single Track
If you wish to erase a single track without clearing the entire song (in the Song Clear operation, page 90):
1) Press the RECORD button.
2) Select the desired track (with the corresponding SONG MEMORY button).
3) Press the START/STOP button once to start recording, and once again to stop (without playing any keys).
This erases previous data, and creates a blank track.
81
83
SONG RECORDING
RECORDING A USER SONG — STEP RECORDING
The basic steps for Step recording are similar to those for Realtime recording. In brief, the basic
operation is:
1) Make all desired PortaTone settings.
2) Select the Step Record mode.
3) Select a User song for recording.
4) Select a track number.
5) Start recording. Enter notes and rests individually, playing back the song occasionally to hear
the results.
6) Listen to your new recording.
7) Record to other tracks as desired.
8) Exit from the Record mode.
Data that can be recorded to the normal (melody)
tracks:
• Note on/off
• Velocity**
• Main voice settings (Voice Number*, Volume*,
Octave, Pan*, Reverb Send Level*, Chorus Send
Level*, DSP Send Level*)
• Dual voice settings (Dual on/off, Voice Number*,
Volume*, Octave, Pan*, Reverb Send Level*, Chorus
Send Level*, DSP Send Level*)
• Reverb on/off, Reverb Type*
• Chorus on/off, Chorus Type*
• DSP on/off, DSP Type*
• Tempo*, Time Signature* (if there is no such data
in the Chord track)
1
Data that can be recorded to the Chord track:
• Style number*
• Chord changes and timing
• Changing sections (Intro, Main A/B, etc.)
• Accompaniment Volume*
• Tempo*, Time Signature*
* These settings can only be recorded once at the beginning
of a song; other settings can be changed in the middle of a
song.
** All notes are entered at the same velocity; however, this
can be changed in various ways with the Velocity Curve
function (page 89).
Make all desired PortaTone settings.
This operation is the same as that of Realtime recording (page 80).
2
Select the Step Record mode.
Press the RECORD button, repeatedly if necessary, until “Step” appears at
the top of the display.
STYLE
004Step
RECORD
MEASURE
Realtime and Step recording
methods can be mixed in
the same song, but not the
same track.
RECORD indication
flashes briefly, then
stays lit to indicate
record standby.
001 116
TEMPO
84
82
SONG RECORDING
3
Select a User song for recording.
This operation is the same as that of Realtime recording (page 81).
4
Select a track number.
Press the SONG MEMORY button corresponding to the desired track.
1
2
3
5
4
6~16
SONG TRACK
Recording to the Chord Track
A special Chord track is provided for recording accompaniment data.
This is automatically recorded to the Chord track (track 6). To select
the Chord track and turn on the accompaniment, press the ACMP
ON/OFF button.
RECORD
ACMP ON
MEASURE
ACMP
ON/OFF
5
SYNCSTART
START/
STOP
INTRO/
ENDING
ri
1
Unlike Realtime Recording,
Step Recording only allows
you to record one track at a
time; the Chord track
cannot be recorded
simultaneously with another
track.
001-101
CHORD
Start recording.
When the RECORD indication stops flashing and the track number starts
flashing, you can start recording. Record each note (or chord) and rest
individually, as described below:
Recording Notes
1) Select the desired position in the song (measure/beat) with
the +/- buttons. (Each press of the button moves one beat
forward or backward.)
2) Play the desired key or keys. (The note name is shown at the
top of display.)
When recording chords to the Chord track, make sure the
accompaniment is on, then play the desired chord in the
accompaniment section of the keyboard.
More than one note can be
recorded at a time;
however, only the last
pressed note appears in the
display.
83
85
SONG RECORDING
3) Select the note (time) value with the numeric keypad. (The
note value is shown as an icon in the display.)
For example, play middle C (C3), then press the “4” button (1/8
note).
Note name
004C3
SONG
Beat bars
RECORD
MEASURE
001-201
1
Measure number
Clicks
Beat number
Note value
q(96 Clicks)
q(96 Clicks)
q(96 Clicks)
q(96 Clicks)
Beat
Beat
Beat
Beat
Measure (384 Clicks)
The beat bars also indicate the current recording position (as the beat
of the measure).
The note is automatically entered and Step recording moves to the
next available position. For example, if a whole note is entered at the
beginning of measure 1, the next position is the beginning of measure 2.
As mentioned above, you can use the +/- keys to move backward and
forward in the track. When material has been recorded, this steps
through and sounds each note in succession.
86
84
SONG RECORDING
■ Additional Operations
Recording Chords and Sections to the Chord Track:
1) Play a chord in the accompaniment section of the keyboard. (“Chord“
and the chord name appears in the display.)
RECORD
• The Intro section can
only be recorded at the
beginning of a song.
• When an Ending
section is selected, no
further notes can be
recorded.
ACMP ON
M7
Chords can be entered manually (with the Dictionary function), or played
with Multi Fingering. (See page 62, 56.)
2) Select a section by pressing the corresponding button.
When selecting an Intro or Ending section, the length is fixed, and need
not be entered in step 3 below.
3) Select the note (time) value with the numeric keypad.
Recording Triplets and Dotted Notes:
1) At the desired position, press the corresponding numeric keypad
button (“7” for dotted or “9” for triplets).
2) Press the numeric keypad button for the desired note value.
Triplets are three notes
within a single beat —
in other words, one beat
is divided up into three
equal units. Each note
(or rest) of a triplet must
be entered separately.
Two eighth notes (within a
quarter-note beat).
Three eighth-note triplets
(within a quarter-note beat).
+
Dotted note
+
Triplet
Dotted notes extend the
length of a note by half
— in other words, the
length of a dotted
eighth note is an eighth
note plus a sixteenth
note.
=
+
Recording Rests:
1) Select the desired position in the song with the +/- buttons.
2) Press the “8” (rest) button in the numeric keypad.
3) If you want to record a dotted rest or triplet rest, press the appropriate
numeric keypad button (“7” for dotted or “9” for triplets).
4) Press the numeric keypad button (1 - 6) corresponding to the desired
rest value. (The specified rest value appears as an icon in the display.)
+
MEASURE
001-201
1
Rest value icon (eighth-note rest)
5) After recording the desired rest value(s), record the next note.
If you want to enter two
or more consecutive
beats of rest, you can
simply use the + button
to move forward in the
track (for as many beats
rest as desired). This
saves you the trouble of
repeatedly entering rests
when there are several
beats or measures of
silence between notes.
85
87
SONG RECORDING
6
Listen to your new recording.
You can listen to the entire step recorded track at any time by pressing the
START/STOP button. The track you are working on plays back (until
stopped), and returns to Step recording at the next position.
Keep in mind that this only plays the selected track. To hear all tracks of
the song, exit from Step Rec (press the RECORD button), then press the
START/STOP button to start song playback.
7
Record to other tracks as desired.
To do this, simply repeat steps #4 - #6 above. Make sure that when you
press the SONG MEMORY button corresponding to the desired track, the
track number in the display flashes.
8
Exit from the Record mode.
This operation is the same as step #9 of Realtime recording (page 83).
Replacing a Note or Rest
If you want to change a note or rest you’ve just recorded, you can easily
replace it with a new one. To do this:
1) Select the desired position in the song with the +/- buttons.
2) Press the new note on the keyboard (or the appropriate rest value
button on the numeric keypad).
3) Enter the new note value on the numeric keypad. (Enter dotted
note or triplet first, if desired.)
4) At the “Delete?” prompt press the + button. To cancel, press the button.
This operation deletes
all previously recorded
notes that follow the
note to be replaced.
Make sure you wish to
delete any subsequent
notes before actually
replacing the selected
note or rest.
88
86
SONG RECORDING
Entering Velocity Curves
In Step recording, all notes are recorded at the same velocity or volume. To make a Step-recorded
track sound more natural or to create some dynamic changes in the track, use the Velocity Curve
function.
1) Select the first note to be affected by the Velocity Curve (by using the +/- buttons of the
numeric keypad). All subsequent notes will be velocity-transformed.
2) Simultaneously hold down the VELOCITY button (“0” in the numeric keypad) and press + or to select the desired Velocity Curve.
MEASURE
001-201
1
Selected Velocity Curve appears as
icon in the display.
3) At the “Change?” prompt,
press the + button (“YES”) to
actually enter the selected Velocity Curve, or press the - button
to cancel the operation.
You can specify a Velocity Curve in the middle of a
track BEFORE recording the notes that the curve will
affect. To do this, select the last note of the track
(by using the +/- buttons), then enter the desired
Velocity Curve. In this case, the Velocity Curve is
NOT applied to that last note, but affects all
subsequently entered notes.
Velocity Curve Chart
Display
Type/Description
Mezzoforte
This sets all subsequent notes to a velocity
value of 80.
Forte
This sets all subsequent notes to a velocity
value of 100.
Fortissimo
This sets all subsequent notes to a velocity
value of 120.
Mezzopiano
This sets all subsequent notes to a velocity
value of 60.
Piano
This sets all subsequent notes to a velocity
value of 40.
Pianissimo
This sets all subsequent notes to a velocity
value of 20.
Crescendo 1
This creates a two-measure crescendo, starting
with the current velocity at the selected note
and ending with a velocity increase of 40.
Crescendo 2
This creates a two-measure crescendo, starting
with the current velocity at the selected note
and ending with a velocity increase of 20.
87
Crescendo 3
This creates a two-measure crescendo, starting
with the current velocity at the selected note
and ending with a velocity increase of 10.
Display
Type/Description
Diminuendo 1
This creates a two-measure diminuendo,
starting with the current velocity at the selected
note and ending with a velocity decrease of 40.
Diminuendo 2
This creates a two-measure diminuendo,
starting with the current velocity at the selected
note and ending with a velocity decrease of 20.
Diminuendo 3
This creates a two-measure diminuendo,
starting with the current velocity at the selected
note and ending with a velocity decrease of 10.
Accent 1
This increases the velocity of notes at the top
(1st beat) of all measures by 30. (Display icon
represents two measures.)
Accent 2
This increases the velocity of notes at the top
and halfway points of all measures by 30.
(Display icon represents two measures.)
Triangle wave
This alternately and gradually increases and
decreases the velocity by 30 in the pattern of a
triangle wave. The wave repeats every two
measures throughout the track. (Display icon
represents two measures.)
Square wave
This alternately and abruptly increases and
decreases the velocity by 30 in the pattern of a
square wave. The wave repeats every two
measures throughout the track. (Display icon
represents two measures.)
89
SONG RECORDING
CLEARING A SONG
The Song Clear operation (of the Function parameters) completely erases
all recorded data on all tracks of a selected User song. Use this operation
only when you’re sure you want to erase a song and record a new one.
1
Select the Function mode.
Press the FUNCTION button.
STYLE
F61USng1Clr
FUNCTION
Flashes to indicate Function
parameter can be selected.
2
Select the Function parameter (61 - 63) corresponding to the song you wish to clear.
While the “FUNCTION” indication is flashing, use the numeric keypad to
select the desired Function parameter number:
• 61 — Clear song #1 (“F61 USng1Clr”)
• 62 — Clear song #2 (“F62 USng2Clr”)
• 63 — Clear song #3 (“F63 USng3Clr”)
3
Start the Song Clear operation.
After the “FUNCTION” indication stops flashing and the “Clr?” prompt
appears, press the + button to start the Song Clear operation.
STYLE
YES#1 Clr?
FUNCTION
4
These parameter numbers
can be selected in the same
way as with the voices (see
page 28). You can use the
numeric keypad to directly
enter the number, use the
+/- keys to step up and
down through the parameters, or press the FUNCTION button to advance
through the parameter
numbers.
Since the “FUNCTION”
indication flashes for only a
couple of seconds, make
sure to select the parameter
quickly after step 1 above.
At the “Sure?” prompt, clear the selected song.
Press + to actually clear the corresponding song, or press - to cancel the
operation and return to step 3.
STYLE
YESSure?
FUNCTION
To exit from the Song Clear operation, press one of the other mode buttons: SONG, STYLE, or VOICE.
90
88
FOOTSWITCH
The PortaTone has a footswitch feature that can be used to control a variety of
functions and operations. By using your foot to conveniently control these functions, you free your hands to concentrate on your performance.
Normally, this is used as a damper pedal, producing pedal-controlled sustain for piano and other
instrument sounds that have a natural decay. It can also be assigned to any of these eleven other
functions:
• EZ Chord increment
• START/STOP
• INTRO/ENDING
• MAIN A
• MAIN B
• Harmony On/Off
1
• Dual On/Off
• Split On/Off
• Reverb On/Off
• Chorus On/Off
• DSP On/Off
Call up the Function mode.
Press the FUNCTION button.
2
Select the Footswitch Assign parameter.
While the “FUNCTION” indication is flashing, use the numeric keypad to
select Footswitch Assign (#71).
Function parameter numbers can be selected in the same way as with the
voices (see page 28) — with the numeric keypad, +/- keys, or the FUNCTION button.
STYLE
Since the “FUNCTION”
indication flashes for only a
couple of seconds, make
sure to select the parameter
quickly after step 1 above.
F71FootSw
FUNCTION
3
Select the desired footswitch function.
After the “FUNCTION” indication stops flashing, use the numeric keypad to
change the setting. (See the “Footswitch Assign Functions” list below for
details.)
STYLE
01Sustain
Restoring the Default
Value
If you’ve changed the
parameter setting, you can
instantly restore the
default setting (Sustain) by
pressing both +/- buttons
simultaneously.
FUNCTION
89
91
FOOTSWITCH
Footswitch Assign Functions
Function Name
Display Name
Description
Sustain
Sustain
Damper pedal or sustain operation. Pressing the footswitch applies a
natural sustain to the keyboard-played voice.
EZ Chord Increment
EZChdInc
When using EZ Chord (page 66), this provides the same function as
pressing a key in the accompaniment section of the keyboard. Each
press of the footswitch advances to and plays the next EZ Chord entry.
When accompaniment is playing back, simply press and release the
footswitch; when accompaniment playback is off, hold down the
footswitch to keep playing the chord.
This does not disable the accompaniment section of the keyboard; either
the footswitch or the keyboard can be used for EZ Chord increment when
this is selected.
4
Start/Stop
StartStp
When the Song mode or Style mode is active, this provides the same
function as the START/STOP button (see pages 48). Each press of the
footswitch alternately starts and stops song or accompaniment
playback.
Intro/Ending
IntroEnd
When the Style mode is active, this provides the same function as the
INTRO/ENDING button (see page 49). Pressing the footswitch twice
while the accompaniment is playing back causes the Ending section to
gradually slow down (page 51).
Main A
Main A
When the Style mode is active, this provides the same function as the
MAIN A (AUTO FILL) button (see page 54).
Main B
Main B
When the Style mode is active, this provides the same function as the
MAIN B (AUTO FILL) button (see page 54).
Harmony On/Off
Harmony
When the Style mode is active, this provides the same function as the
HARMONY button (and the Harmony On/Off parameter, #37). (See
page 43.)
Dual On/Off
Dual
This provides the same function as the DUAL button (and the Dual On/
Off parameter, #18). (See page 34.)
Split On/Off
Split
This provides the same function as the Split On/Off parameter, #28.
(See page 36.)
Reverb On/Off
Reverb
This provides the same function as the REVERB button (and the Reverb
On/Off parameter, #31). (See page 40.)
Chorus On/Off
Chorus
This provides the same function as the Chorus On/Off parameter, #33.
(See page 41.)
DSP On/Off
Dsp
This provides the same function as the DSP On/Off parameter, #35.
(See page 42.)
Exit the Function mode.
Once you’ve made the desired setting, press one of the other mode buttons (SONG, STYLE, or VOICE).
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90
MIDI FUNCTIONS
The PortaTone is MIDI-compatible, featuring MIDI IN and MIDI OUT terminals
and providing a variety of MIDI-related controls. By using the MIDI functions
you can expand your musical possibilities. This section explains what MIDI is, and
what it can do, as well as how you can use MIDI on your PSR-270.
The MIDI functions cannot be used in the Song mode.
WHAT IS MIDI?
No doubt you have heard the terms “acoustic instrument” and “digital instrument.” In the world
today, these are the two main categories of instruments. Let’s consider an acoustic piano and a classical guitar as representative acoustic instruments. They are easy to understand. With the piano, you
strike a key, and a hammer inside hits some strings and plays a note. With the guitar, you directly
pluck a string and the note sounds. But how does a digital instrument go about playing a note?
Acoustic guitar note production
Digital instrument note production
L
Sampling
Note
Tone Generator
(Electronic circuit)
Sampling
Note
R
Playing the keyboard
Pluck a string and the body
resonates the sound.
Based on playing information from the keyboard, a
sampling note stored in the tone generator is
played through the speakers.
As shown in the illustration above, in an electronic instrument the sampling note (previously recorded
note) stored in the tone generator section (electronic circuit) is played based on information received
from the keyboard. So then what is the information from the keyboard that becomes the basis for
note production?
For example, let’s say you play a “C” quarter note using the grand piano sound on the PSR-270
keyboard. Unlike an acoustic instrument that puts out a resonated note, the electronic instrument puts
out information from the keyboard such as “with what voice,” “with which key,” “about how strong,”
“when was it pressed,” and “when was it released.” Then each piece of information is changed into a
number value and sent to the tone generator. Using these numbers as a basis, the tone generator
plays the stored sampling note.
Example of Keyboard Information
Voice number (with what voice)
01 (grand piano)
Note number (with which key)
60 (C3)
Note on (when was it pressed) and
note off (when was it released)
Timing expressed numerically (quarter note)
Velocity (about how strong)
120 (strong)
91
93
MIDI FUNCTIONS
MIDI is an acronym that stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface, which allows electronic
musical instruments to communicate with each other, by sending and receiving compatible Note,
Control Change, Program Change and various other types of MIDI data, or messages.
The PSR-270 can control a MIDI device by transmitting note related data and various types of controller data. The PSR-270 can be controlled by the incoming MIDI messages which automatically determine tone generator mode, select MIDI channels, voices and effects, change parameter values and of
course play the voices specified for the various parts.
MIDI messages can be divided into two groups: Channel messages and System messages. Below is an
explanation of the various types of MIDI messages which the PSR-270 can receive/transmit.
● Channel Messages
The PSR-270 is an electronic instrument that can handle 16 channels. This is usually expressed as “it
can play 16 instruments at the same time.” Channel messages transmit information such as Note ON/
OFF, Program Change, for each of the 16 channels.
Message Name
PSR-270 Operation/Panel Setting
Note ON/OFF
Messages which are generated when the keyboard is played.
Each message includes a specific note number which corresponds to the key which is pressed, plus a velocity value based
on how hard the key is stuck.
Program Change
Voice number (along with corresponding bank select MSB/LSB
settings, if necessary).
Control Change
Messages that are used to change some aspect of the sound
(modulation, volume, pan, etc.).
● System Messages
This is data that is used in common by the entire MIDI system. System messages include messages like
Exclusive Messages that transmit data unique to each instrument manufacturer and Realtime Messages that control the MIDI device.
Message Name
PSR-270 Operation/Panel Setting
Exclusive Message
Reverb/chorus/DSP settings, etc.
Realtime Messages
Clock setting
Start/stop operation
The messages transmitted/received by the PSR-270 are shown in the MIDI Implementation Chart on
page 114.
MIDI Terminals
In order to exchange MIDI data between multiple devices,
each device must be connected by a cable.
The MIDI terminals of the PSR-270 are located on the rear
panel.
IN
MIDI IN ........... Receives MIDI data from another MIDI device.
MIDI OUT ....... Transmits the PSR-270’s keyboard information as
MIDI data to another MIDI device.
MIDI
OUT
• Special MIDI cables (sold separately) must be used for connecting
to MIDI devices. They can be
bought at music stores, etc.
• Never use MIDI cables longer than
about 15 meters. Cables longer
than this can pick up noise which
can cause data errors.
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92
MIDI FUNCTIONS
CONNECTING TO A PERSONAL COMPUTER
By connecting your PSR-270’s MIDI terminals to a personal computer, you
can have access to a wide variety of music software.
When using a MIDI interface device installed in the personal computer,
connect the MIDI terminals of the personal computer and the PSR-270.
Use only special MIDI cables when connecting MIDI devices.
● Connect the MIDI terminals of the PSR-270 to the MIDI terminals of the personal computer.
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
MIDI IN
PSR-270
MIDI OUT
Computer
(sequencer software)
● When using a MIDI interface with a Macintosh series computer, connect the RS-422 terminal of the computer (modem or
printer terminal) to the MIDI interface, as shown in the diagram
below.
MIDI
interface
RS-422
MIDI IN
PSR-270
• When using a Macintosh
series computer, set the
MIDI interface clock setting
in the application software
to match the setting of the
MIDI interface you are
using. For details, carefully
read the owner’s manual for
the software you are using.
MIDI OUT
Computer
(sequencer software)
93
95
MIDI FUNCTIONS
FUNCTION PARAMETERS — MIDI
The Function parameters provide additional, more detailed MIDI settings
for the PortaTone. These settings include:
• External Clock
• Bulk Dump Send
• Initial Setup Send
• Remote Channel
• Keyboard Out
• Accompaniment Out
• Local Control
1
Call up the Function mode.
Press the FUNCTION button.
2
Select the desired Function parameter.
While the “FUNCTION” indication is flashing, use the numeric keypad to
select the desired MIDI Function parameter number (81 - 87). (See the
“Parameters” list below for details.)
• Since the “FUNCTION”
indication flashes for only a
couple of seconds, make
sure to select the parameter
quickly after step 1 above.
Function parameter numbers can be selected in the same way as with the
voices (see page 28) — with the numeric keypad, +/- keys, or the FUNCTION button.
STYLE
F81RemoteCh
FUNCTION
3
Change the parameter setting or value.
After the “FUNCTION” indication stops flashing, use the numeric keypad to
change the value or setting.
Restoring the Default Value
If you’ve changed the parameter setting, you can instantly restore the default
setting by pressing both +/- buttons simultaneously.
4
The MIDI settings below are
saved even when the power
is turned off. However,
MIDI settings are NOT
included in the data saved
to the User banks in the
One Touch Setting feature
(page 72).
Set other parameters as needed.
To select and set other parameters, repeat steps 1 - 3 above.
5
Exit the Function mode.
Once you’ve made all desired settings, press one of the other mode buttons (SONG, STYLE, or VOICE).
96
94
MIDI FUNCTIONS
Function Parameters
No. Parameter Name
Display Name
Range/Settings
81
RemoteCh
off, 01 - 16
Remote Channel
This determines how the PortaTone is controlled by a “remote” (external) MIDI keyboard.
Set this to one of the 16 channels (01 - 16) for using an external keyboard to remotely control the
PortaTone functions over the selected channel. (The remaining 15 channels can be used for multitimbral operation.)
When this is set to “off,” the PortaTone can be used as a full 16-channel multi-timbral sound source.
The default setting is “off.”
82
Keyboard Out
KbdOut
on/off
This determines whether the keyboard performance data of the PortaTone is transmitted or not.
When this is set to “off,” notes played on the PortaTone will not affect (not be transmitted to) the
connected MIDI device. When this is set to “on,” the following keyboard data is transmitted: Main
voice part over channel 1, Split voice part over channel 2, and Dual voice part over channel 11. The
default setting is “on.”
If both Keyboard Out and Local Control (#84 below) are set to “off,” neither the connected MIDI device nor
the PortaTone voices will sound when playing the keyboard.
83
Accompaniment Out AcmpOut
on/off
This determines whether Auto Accompaniment data is transmitted via MIDI OUT or not.
When set to “on,” Auto Accompaniment data is transmitted over channels 3 - 10 (as listed below).
The default setting is “on.”
Accompaniment Transmit Channels:
Channel 3
—
Bass
Channel 4
—
Chord part 1
Channel 5
—
Chord part 2
Channel 6
—
Pad
Channel 7
—
Phrase part 1
Channel 8
—
Phrase part 2
Channel 9
—
Rhythm part 2
Channel 10 —
Rhythm part 1
84
Local Control
Local
You can use Accompaniment Out in several ways. One
useful application would be to play all or selected parts on
a connected MIDI tone generator. In this way you could
reinforce the PortaTone sounds by layering (or substituting)
with the sounds of the tone generator. In a different
application, you could record the individual parts from each
channel to a sequencer, and use the comprehensive editing
features of the sequencer to re-arrange the accompaniment
parts.
on/off
This determines whether the keyboard is “connected” to the internal Voices of the PortaTone.
When set to “on,” the Voices respond to notes played from the keyboard. When set to “off,” the Voices
respond only to incoming MIDI data (via MIDI IN). The default setting is “on.” If you are routing the MIDI
OUT on the PortaTone to a sequencer and back to the MIDI IN, you may want to set this to “off” to avoid
MIDI “feedback.”
95
97
MIDI FUNCTIONS
No. Parameter Name
Display Name
Range/Settings
85
ExtClock
on/off
External Clock
This determines whether the style and song playback functions are controlled by the PortaTone’s
internal clock (off) or by MIDI clock data from an external sequencer or computer (on).
This should be set to “on” when you want to have style or song playback follow the external device
(such as a rhythm machine or a sequencer). The default setting is “off.”
• When this is set to “on,” style playback CANNOT be controlled from the PortaTone panel controls.
• External Clock is automatically set to “off” when the Song mode is selected.
86
Bulk Dump Send
BulkSend
This lets you save important PortaTone data and settings to another device (such as a sequencer,
computer, or MIDI data filer).
The saved settings are: User One Touch Setting banks 1 - 4, User Songs 1 - 3, and EZ Chord banks 1 8), which you can then reload any time you need. For example, you can save data to floppy disk on a
computer or a MIDI data filer (such as the Yamaha MDF3), and have unlimited storage capability for
your valuable PortaTone data. (For detailed instructions, see the section “USING BULK DUMP SEND
TO SAVE DATA” on page 99.)
87
Initial Setup Send
InitSend
This function lets you transmit the initial setup settings of the PortaTone to a sequencer and
record them as part of a song.
This ensures that when you playback the song, the PortaTone is instantly and automatically
reconfigured to the proper settings for the song. (For detailed instructions, see the section “USING
INITIAL SETUP SEND WITH A SEQUENCER” on page 102.)
98
96
MIDI FUNCTIONS
USING BULK DUMP SEND TO SAVE DATA
Saving Bulk Data
1
First, set up the connected MIDI device for recording the data.
The actual procedure may differ depending on your particular equipment and software. For example, if you are using the Yamaha MDF3
MIDI Data Filer:
1) Make the appropriate MIDI connections.
PSR-270
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
MDF3
2) Set up the MDF3 for recording MIDI data. (Refer to the
MDF3 Owner’s Manual.)
2
On the PortaTone, select the Bulk Dump Send
function.
Do this in the normal way:
1) Press the FUNCTION button.
2) Select parameter #86 (with the numeric keypad).
STYLE
This function cannot be
used in the Song mode or
when the accompaniment is
playing.
F86BulkSend
FUNCTION
STYLE
YESBulkSnd?
FUNCTION
3
At the “BulkSnd?” prompt above, set the operation to standby.
Press the + button to start the Bulk Dump Send operation.
97
99
MIDI FUNCTIONS
4
At the “Sure?” prompt, start sending the data.
Press the + button to actually start transmitting the data, or press the
- button to cancel the operation and return to step 3.
STYLE
YESSure?
FUNCTION
As the data is being sent, the display indicates the various stages of
data transmission until the operation is complete:
STYLE
Send:OTS
Indicates One
Touch Setting
User data is being
sent.
Send:Sng
Indicates User
Song data is
being sent.
FUNCTION
STYLE
FUNCTION
STYLE
Send:Chd
Bulk Dump Send can be
cancelled in mid-operation
by pressing the - button.
Indicates EZ Chord
data is being sent.
FUNCTION
When the operation is completed, the following displays appear:
STYLE
End
FUNCTION
STYLE
YESBulkSnd?
FUNCTION
5
Exit from the Bulk Dump Send operation.
To exit from Bulk Dump Send, press one of the other mode buttons:
SONG, STYLE, or VOICE.
100
98
MIDI FUNCTIONS
Loading Bulk Data
Once you’ve saved PortaTone data as described above, you can easily
reload the data back to the PortaTone.
1
Set up the connected MIDI device for sending
the appropriate data.
The actual procedure may differ depending on your particular equipment and software. For example, if you are using the Yamaha MDF3
MIDI Data Filer:
1) Make the appropriate MIDI connections.
PSR-270
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MDF3
2) Insert the appropriate floppy disk (containing the desired
data) into the MIDI Data Filer.
2
Make sure that the PortaTone is set to the Style
mode.
Make sure that the PortaTone is NOT set to the Song mode, and that
it is not in the middle of an operation, such as song recording or
playback, accompaniment playback, EZ Chord recording, Bulk Dump
Send, etc.
3
Start sending the data from the connected MIDI
device.
Send the data from the connected device. (Refer to the owner’s
manual of the device for details.)
When the PortaTone is
receiving bulk data, none of
the panel controls can be
used.
The PortaTone automatically receives the data. As the data is being
received, the PortaTone display indicates the various stages of data
reception until the operation is complete:
STYLE
Rcv:OTS
FUNCTION
STYLE
Rcv:Sng
FUNCTION
STYLE
FUNCTION
Rcv:Chd
Indicates One
Touch Setting
User data is
being received.
Indicates User
Song data is
being received.
Indicates EZ
Chord data is
being received.
99
101
MIDI FUNCTIONS
When the operation is completed, the following display briefly appears (before returning to the original operation).
STYLE
End
FUNCTION
USING INITIAL SETUP SEND WITH A SEQUENCER
The most common use for the Initial Setup Send function is in recording a
song on a sequencer that is intended for playback with the PortaTone.
Essentially, this takes a “snapshot” of the PortaTone settings and sends that
data to the sequencer. By recording this “snapshot” at the start of the
song (before any actual performance data), you can instantly restore the
necessary settings on the PortaTone. Provided there is a pause in the song,
you could also do this in the middle of a song — for example, completely
changing the PortaTone settings for the next section of the song.
Sending Initial Setup Data
1
First, set up the sequencer for recording.
The actual procedure may differ depending on your particular equipment and software.
Ideally, you should leave two or more measures of silence (no performance data) before the song begins. The Initial Setup data should
then be recorded to this space in the song.
2
On the PortaTone, select the Initial Setup Send
function.
Do this in the normal way:
1) Press the FUNCTION button.
2) Select parameter #87 (with the numeric keypad).
STYLE
F87InitSend
FUNCTION
102
100
MIDI FUNCTIONS
3
At the “InitSnd?” prompt above, set the operation to standby.
Press the + button.
STYLE
YESSure?
FUNCTION
4
Start recording on the sequencer, then send the
Initial Setup data.
Start recording on the sequencer in the normal way, then — with as
little delay as possible — press the + button to actually start transmitting the data.
An “End” message briefly appears in the display when the operation
is complete, followed by the “InitSnd?” prompt.
5
Stop recording on the sequencer.
Stop recording on the sequencer in the normal way. Make sure that
any subsequently recorded performance data is recorded at least one
measure following the Initial Setup data.
6
Exit from the Initial Setup Send operation.
To exit from Initial Setup Send, press one of the other mode buttons:
SONG, STYLE, or VOICE.
101
103
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Possible Cause and Solution
When the PortaTone is turned on or off, a
popping sound is temporarily produced.
This is normal and indicates that the PortaTone is receiving
electrical power.
When using a mobile phone, noise is produced.
Using a mobile phone in close proximity to the PortaTone may
produce interference. To prevent this, turn off the mobile phone
or use it further away from the PortaTone.
There is no sound even when the keyboard is
played or when a song is being played back.
Check that nothing is connected to the PHONES/OUTPUT jack on
the rear panel. When a set of headphones is plugged into this
jack, no sound is output.
The selected voice does not sound properly, or
is too low in volume.
Make sure that the following settings are appropriate: Main Voice
Volume (#01, page 31), Dual Voice Volume (#11, page 35), and
Split Voice Volume (#21, page 37).
There is no sound when playing the keyboard.
When setting the Split Point, the keyboard is used only to change
the value and does not produce any sound.
Playing keys in the right hand section of the
keyboard does not produce any sound.
When using the Dictionary type (Chord Guide, page 62), the keys
in the right hand section are used only for entering the chord root
and type.
The sound of the voices or rhythms seems
unusual or strange.
The battery power is too low. Replace the batteries. (See page 8.)
The accompaniment does not play back even
when pressing the START/STOP button.
When External Clock (page 98) is set to “on,” style playback
CANNOT be controlled from the PortaTone panel controls.
There is no sound on either the PortaTone or
the connected MIDI device.
• If Local Control (Function #84, page 97) is set to “off,” the
PortaTone voices will not sound even when playing the keyboard.
• If Keyboard Out (Function #82, page 97) is set to “off,” the
connected MIDI device will not sound when playing the PortaTone
keyboard.
The accompaniment does not sound properly.
• Make sure that the Accompaniment Volume (page 55) is set to
an appropriate level.
• Make sure that the Accompaniment Split Point (#51, page 59) is
set to an appropriate value.
The Reverb/Chorus/DSP/Harmony cannot be
heard properly.
• Make sure that the Send Level parameter for the effect (and the
intended voice: Main, Dual, of Split) is set to an appropriate value.
(See pages 31, 35, 37)
• Make sure that the corresponding effect is turned on. (See pages
40, 41, 42, 43)
• For the Harmony effect, make sure that Harmony Volume (#39,
page 44) is set to an appropriate value.
When playing back one of the Pianist styles
(#91 - #100), the rhythm cannot be heard.
• This is normal. The Pianist styles have no drums or bass — only
piano accompaniment. The accompaniment of the style can only
be heard when accompaniment is set to ON and keys are played in
the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard.
Not all of the voices seem to sound, or the
sound seems to be cut off.
The PortaTone is polyphonic up to a maximum of 32 notes. If the
Dual voice or Split voice mode is being used and a style or song is
playing back at the same time, some notes/sounds may be
omitted (or “stolen”) from the accompaniment or song. (See the
note on page 108.)
104
102
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Possible Cause and Solution
A strange “flanging” or “doubling” sound
occurs when using the PortaTone with a
sequencer. (This may also sound like a “dual”
layered sound of two voices, even when Dual
is turned off.)
• If you are routing the MIDI OUT on the PortaTone to a
sequencer and back to the MIDI IN, you may want to set Local
Control (page 97) to “off” to avoid MIDI “feedback.”
The footswitch seems to produce the opposite
effect. For example, when using the footswitch
for sustain, pressing the footswitch cuts off the
sound and releasing it sustains the sounds.
The polarity of the footswitch is reversed. Make sure that the
footswitch plug is properly connected to the FOOT SWITCH jack
before turning on the power.
The sound of the voice changes from note to
note.
The AWM tone generation method uses multiple recordings
(samples) of an instrument across the range of the keyboard;
thus, the actual sound of the voice may be slightly different from
note to note.
• When using the accompaniment with a sequencer, set MIDI
Echo (or the relevant control) to “off.” (Refer to the owner’s
manual of your particular device and/or software for details.)
DATA BACKUP & INITIALIZATION
Except for the data listed below, all PSR-270 panel settings are reset to their initial settings
whenever the power is turned on. The data listed below are backed up — i.e. retained in
memory — as long as an AC adaptor is connected or a set of batteries is installed.
• User Song Data
• User One Touch Setting Data
• One Touch Setting Bank Number
• EZ Chord Data
• EZ Chord Bank Number Data
• Smart Chord Number
• Metronome Volume
• Touch On/Off
• Touch Sensitivity
• Split Point
• Accompaniment Split Point
• Footswitch Assign Function
Data Initialization
All data can be initialized and restored to the factory preset condition by turning on the
power while holding the highest (rightmost) white key on the keyboard. “CLr Backup” will
appear briefly on the display.
VOICE
STYLE
CLrBackup
• All one touch setting
(user) and song memory
data, plus the other settings
listed above, will be erased
and/or changed when the
data initialization procedure is carried out.
• Carrying out the data
initialization procedure will
usually restore normal
operation if the PSR-270
freezes or begins to act
erratically for any reason.
103
105
SPECIFICATIONS
Keyboards
• 61 standard-size keys (C1 - C6), with Touch Response
and Dynamic Filter.
Display
• Large multi-function LCD display (backlit)
MIDI
•
•
•
•
•
•
Transmit Settings
Receive Settings
Local Control
Clock
Bulk Send/Receive
Initial Send
Setup
• STANDBY/ON
• MASTER VOLUME : MIN - MAX
Panel Controls
• OVERALL (▲▼, +, -), FUNCTION, SONG, VOICE,
STYLE, PORTABLE GRAND, METRONOME, [0]-[9],
[+](YES/FWD), [-](NO/BWD), DEMO, TOUCH
Demo Song
• 3 songs
Auxiliary jacks
• PHONES/OUTPUT, DC IN 10-12V, MIDI IN/OUT,
FOOTSWITCH
Amplifier
• 3.0W + 3.0W
Speakers
• 12cm x 2
Power Consumption
• 15 W (when using PA-3B power adaptor)
Voice
•
•
•
•
•
100 panel voices + 10 Drum Kits + 128 GM Voices
Polyphony : 32
Voice Set
Dual Voice Mode
Split Voice Mode
Auto Accompaniment
• 100 styles
• Accompaniment Control : ACMP ON/OFF,
SYNC-START, START/STOP, INTRO/ENDING,
MAIN A/B(AUTO FILL)
• Beat Indicator
• Fingering : Multi fingering
• Accompaniment Volume
Power Supply
• Adaptor : Yamaha PA-3B AC power adaptor
• Batteries : Six “D” size, SUM-1, R-20 or equivalent
batteries
Dimensions (W x D x H)
• 933 x 370 x 129 mm (36-3/4" x 14-5/8" x 5-1/6")
Weight
• 5.7 kg (12.6 lbs.)
Supplied Accessories
• Music Stand
• Owner’s Manual
Yamaha Educational Suite
• Chord Guide : Dictionary, Smart Chord, EZ Chord
One Touch Setting
• Preset A and B (for each style)
• User (4 Setups x 4 Banks)
Overall controls
• Tempo
• Transpose
• Tuning
• Accompaniment Volume
• Song Volume
• Metronome Volume
Optional Accessories
• Headphones
• AC power adaptor
• Footswitch
• Keyboard stand
: HPE-150
: PA-3B
: FC4, FC5
: L-2L, L-2C
* Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for
information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to
change or modify products or specifications at any time without
prior notice. Since specifications, equipment or options may not be
the same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha dealer.
Effects
•
•
•
•
Reverb : 8 types
Chorus : 4 types
DSP : 33 types
Harmony : 26 types
Song
• 3 Preset Songs (Demo) + 3 User Songs
• Song Clear
Recording
• Song
User Song : 3 Songs
Real Time Recording/Step Recording
Recording Tracks : 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6/CHORD
• EZ Chord
8 Banks + Bank Chain
• OTS (One Touch Setting)
User : 4 Setups x 4 Banks
106
104
SONG SCORES (EZ Chord banks 1, 2)
EZ Chord Bank 1
Style No.1 8Beat Pop 1
Menuet
EZ Chord Bank 2
Style No.93 Swing
The Entertainer
105
107
VOICE LIST
■ Maximum Polyphony
The PSR-270 has 32-note maximum polyphony. This means that it can play a
maximum of up to 32 notes at once, regardless of what functions are used. Auto
Accompaniment uses a number of the available notes, so when Auto Accompaniment is used the total number of available notes for playing on the keyboard is
correspondingly reduced. The same applies to the Dual Voice, Split Voice, and
Song functions.
• The Voice List includes MIDI program change numbers for each voice. Use these program change
numbers when playing the PSR-270 via MIDI from an external device.
• Some voices may sound continuously or have a long decay after the notes have been released while
the sustain pedal (footswitch) is held.
108
106
VOICE LIST
Panel Voice List
107
Voice
Number
Bank Select
MSB
LSB
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
010
011
012
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
112
112
112
113
113
114
112
112
112
013
014
015
016
017
018
019
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
020
021
022
023
024
025
026
027
028
029
030
031
032
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
113
112
116
114
112
118
119
112
112
112
113
113
033
034
035
036
037
038
039
040
041
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
113
112
113
112
112
112
112
042
043
044
045
046
047
048
049
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
112
112
112
113
113
050
051
052
053
054
055
056
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
113
112
112
112
MIDI
Program
Voice Name
Change#
PIANO
0
Grand Piano
1
Bright Piano
3
Honky-tonk Piano
4
Funky Electric Piano
5
DX Electric Piano
2
MIDI Grand Piano
2
CP 80
5
Hyper Electric Piano
5
Bell Electric Piano
6
Harpsichord
7
Clavi
8
Celesta
MALLET
11
Vibraphone
12
Marimba
13
Xylophone
14
Tubular Bells
47
Timpani
114
Steel Drums
10
Music Box
ORGAN
16
Jazz Organ 1
16
Jazz Organ 2
17
Jazz Organ 3
16
Full Organ
18
Rock Organ 1
18
Rock Organ 2
16
16'+2' Organ
16
16'+4' Organ
19
Church Organ
20
Reed Organ
21
Musette Accordion
21
Traditional Accordion
23
Bandoneon
GUITAR
24
Classical Guitar
25
Folk Guitar
25
12Strings Guitar
26
Jazz Guitar
26
Octave Guitar
27
Clean Guitar
28
Muted Guitar
29
Overdriven Guitar
30
Distortion Guitar
BASS
32
Acoustic Bass
33
Finger Bass
34
Pick Bass
35
Fretless Bass
36
Slap Bass
38
Synth Bass
38
Techno Bass
39
Dance Bass
ENSEMBLE
48
Strings
49
Chamber Strings
50
Synth Strings
49
Slow Strings
44
Tremolo Strings
45
Pizzicato Strings
52
Choir
Bank Select
Voice
Number
MSB
LSB
057
058
059
060
0
0
0
0
113
112
112
112
061
062
063
064
065
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
112
112
066
067
068
069
070
071
072
073
074
075
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
113
112
112
112
112
113
114
076
077
078
079
080
081
082
083
084
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
085
086
087
088
089
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
112
112
090
091
092
093
094
095
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
112
112
115
096
097
098
099
100
0
0
0
0
0
112
113
112
112
113
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
MIDI
Program
Voice Name
Change#
52
Choir Aahs
53
Choir Oohs
54
Synth Choir
55
Orchestra Hit
STRINGS
40
Violin
42
Cello
43
Contrabass
105
Banjo
46
Harp
BRASS
56
Trumpet
59
Muted Trumpet
57
Trombone
57
Trombone Section
60
French Horn
58
Tuba
61
Brass Section
62
Synth Brass
62
Jump Brass
62
Techno Brass
REED
64
Soprano Sax
65
Alto Sax
66
Tenor Sax
67
Baritone Sax
68
Oboe
69
English Horn
70
Bassoon
71
Clarinet
22
Harmonica
PIPE
72
Piccolo
73
Flute
75
Pan Flute
74
Recorder
79
Ocarina
SYNTH LEAD
80
Square Lead
81
Sawtooth Lead
85
Voice Lead
98
Crystal
100
Brightness
81
Analog Lead
SYNTH PAD
88
Fantasia
100
Bell Pad
91
Xenon Pad
94
Angels
89
Dark Moon
DRUM KITS
0
Standard Kit 1
1
Standard Kit 2
8
Room Kit
16
Rock Kit
24
Electronic Kit
25
Analog Kit
27
Dance Kit
32
Jazz Kit
40
Brush Kit
48
Symphony Kit
109
VOICE LIST
GM Voice List
Voice
Number
110
MIDI
Program
Voice Name
LSB
Change#
PIANO
0
0
Acoustic Grand Piano
0
1
Bright Acoustic Piano
0
2
Electric Grand Piano
0
3
Honky-tonk Piano
0
4
Electric Piano 1
0
5
Electric Piano 2
0
6
Harpsichord
0
7
Clavi
CHROMATIC
0
8
Celesta
0
9
Glockenspiel
0
10
Music Box
0
11
Vibraphone
0
12
Marimba
0
13
Xylophone
0
14
Tubular Bells
0
15
Dulcimer
ORGAN
0
16
Drawbar Organ
0
17
Percussive Organ
0
18
Rock Organ
0
19
Church Organ
0
20
Reed Organ
0
21
Accordion
0
22
Harmonica
0
23
Tango Accordion
GUITAR
0
24
Acoustic Guitar (nylon)
0
25
Acoustic Guitar (steel)
0
26
Electric Guitar (jazz)
0
27
Electric Guitar (clean)
0
28
Electric Guitar (muted)
0
29
Overdriven Guitar
0
30
Distortion Guitar
0
31
Guitar Harmonics
BASS
0
32
Acoustic Bass
0
33
Electric Bass (finger)
0
34
Electric Bass (pick)
0
35
Fretless Bass
0
36
Slap Bass 1
0
37
Slap Bass 2
0
38
Synth Bass 1
0
39
Synth Bass 2
STRINGS
0
40
Violin
0
41
Viola
0
42
Cello
0
43
Contrabass
0
44
Tremolo Strings
0
45
Pizzicato Strings
0
46
Orchestral Harp
0
47
Timpani
ENSEMBLE
0
48
Strings Ensemble 1
0
49
Strings Ensemble 2
0
50
Synth Strings 1
0
51
Synth Strings 2
0
52
Choir Aahs
0
53
Voice Oohs
0
54
Synth Voice
Bank Select
MSB
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
MIDI
Program
Voice Name
LSB
Change#
0
55
Orchestra Hit
BRASS
0
56
Trumpet
0
57
Trombone
0
58
Tuba
0
59
Muted Trumpet
0
60
French Horn
0
61
Brass Section
0
62
Synth Brass 1
0
63
Synth Brass 2
REED
0
64
Soprano Sax
0
65
Alto Sax
0
66
Tenor Sax
0
67
Baritone Sax
0
68
Oboe
0
69
English Horn
0
70
Bassoon
0
71
Clarinet
PIPE
0
72
Piccolo
0
73
Flute
0
74
Recorder
0
75
Pan Flute
0
76
Blown Bottle
0
77
Shakuhachi
0
78
Whistle
0
79
Ocarina
SYNTH LEAD
0
80
Lead 1 (square)
0
81
Lead 2 (sawtooth)
0
82
Lead 3 (calliope)
0
83
Lead 4 (chiff)
0
84
Lead 5 (charang)
0
85
Lead 6 (voice)
0
86
Lead 7 (fifth)
0
87
Lead 8 (bass+Lead )
SYNTH PAD
0
88
Pad 1 (new age)
0
89
Pad 2 (warm)
0
90
Pad 3 (polysynth)
0
91
Pad 4 (choir)
0
92
Pad 5 (bowed)
0
93
Pad 6 (metallic)
0
94
Pad 7 (halo)
0
95
Pad 8 (sweep)
SYNTH EFFECTS
0
96
FX 1 (rain)
0
97
FX 2 (soundtrack)
0
98
FX 3 (crystal)
0
99
FX 4 (atmosphere)
0
100
FX 5 (brightness)
0
101
FX 6 (goblins)
0
102
FX 7 (echoes)
0
103
FX 8 (sci-fi)
ETHNIC
0
104
Sitar
0
105
Banjo
0
106
Shamisen
0
107
Koto
0
108
Kalimba
0
109
Bagpipe
Bank Select
Voice
Number
MSB
166
0
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
215
216
217
218
219
220
0
0
0
0
0
0
108
VOICE LIST
MIDI
Program
Voice Name
LSB
Change#
0
110
Fiddle
0
111
Shanai
PERCUSSIVE
0
112
Tinkle Bell
0
113
Agogo
0
114
Steel Drums
0
115
Woodblock
0
116
Taiko Drum
0
117
Melodic Tom
0
118
Synth Drum
0
119
Reverse Cymbal
Bank Select
Voice
Number
MSB
221
222
0
0
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
MIDI
Program
Voice Name
LSB
Change#
SOUND EFFECTS
0
120
Guitar Fret Noise
0
121
Breath Noise
0
122
Seashore
0
123
Bird Tweet
0
124
Telephone Ring
0
125
Helicopter
0
126
Applause
0
127
Gunshot
Bank Select
Voice
Number
MSB
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
STYLE LIST
Style
Number
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
010
011
012
013
014
015
016
017
018
019
020
021
022
023
024
025
026
027
Style Name
8BEAT
8Beat Pop 1
8Beat Pop 2
8Beat Uptempo
8Beat Standard
Folkrock
Pop Rock
8Beat Medium
8Beat Ballad
Epic Ballad
Piano Ballad
16BEAT
16Beat Shuffle 1
16Beat Shuffle 2
16Beat Pop
Funk 1
16Beat Ballad 1
16Beat Ballad 2
Soul Ballad
6/8 BALLAD
Slow Rock 1
Slow Rock 2
6/8 Ballad
DANCE
Dance Pop 1
Dance Pop 2
Techno
Eurobeat
Euro House
Hip Hop
Synth Boogie
Style
Number
Style Name
DISCO
70s Disco
Disco Tropical
Polka Pop
ROCK
031
8Beat Rock Ballad
032
16Beat Rock Ballad
033
Hard Rock
034
Rock Shuffle
035
6/8 Heavy Rock
036
US Rock
ROCK & ROLL
037
Rock & Roll 1
038
Rock & Roll 2
039
Boogie
040
Twist
RHYTHM & BLUES
041
R&B
042
Funk 2
043
Soul
044
Gospel Shuffle
045
6/8 Gospel
046
4/4 Blues
CONTEMPORARY JAZZ
047
Cool Jazz
048
Jazz Ballad
049
Jazz Waltz
050
Fusion
028
029
030
Style
Number
Style Name
TRADITIONAL JAZZ
Swing
Big Band Swing
Big Band Ballad
Jazz Quartet
Dixieland
AMERICAS
056
Cajun
057
Banda
058
Mariachi
059
Tejano
060
Cumbia
COUNTRY & WESTERN
061
Bluegrass
062
Country 2/4
063
Country Rock
064
Country Ballad
065
Country Shuffle
066
Country Waltz
BALLROOM LATIN
067
Cha Cha
068
Rhumba
069
Pasodoble
070
Tango Continental
BALLROOM STANDARD
071
Foxtrot
072
Jive
051
052
053
054
055
Style
Number
073
074
075
076
077
078
079
080
081
082
083
084
085
086
087
088
089
090
091
092
093
094
095
096
097
098
099
100
Style Name
MARCH & WALTZ
March 1
March 2
6/8 March
Polka
Standard Waltz
German Waltz
Viennese Waltz
Musette Waltz
LATIN
Bossa Nova 1
Bossa Nova 2
Salsa
Samba
Mambo
Beguine
Merengue
Bolero Lento
CARIBBEAN
Reggae 12
Pop Reggae
PIANIST
Rock-a-Ballad
8Beat
Swing
Jazz Ballad
2Beat
Boogie
Ragtime
Arpeggio
Waltz
Happy
109
111
DRUM KIT LIST
• “<——” indicates that the drum sound is the same as “Standard Kit 1”.
• Each percussion voice uses one note.
• The MIDI Note # and Note are actually one octave lower than listed. For example, in “101: Standard Kit 1”, the “Seq
Click H” (Note# 36/Note C1) corresponds to (Note# 24/Note C0).
• Key Off: Keys marked “O” stop sounding the instant they are released.
• Voices with the same Alternate Note Number (*1 … 4) cannot be played simultaneously. (They are designed to be
played alternately with each other.)
Voice#
Bank MSB#
Bank LSB#
Program Change#
Keyboard
MIDI
Note#
Note
Note#
Note
25
C#
0
13
C# -1
26
D
0
14
D
-1
27
D#
0
15
D# -1
28
E
0
16
E
-1
29
F
0
17
F
-1
30
F#
0
18
F# -1
31
G
0
19
G
-1
32
G#
0
20
G# -1
33
A
0
21
A
-1
34
A#
0
22
A# -1
35
B
0
23
B
-1
36
C
1
24
C
0
37
C#
1
25
C# 0
38
D
1
26
D
0
39
D#
1
27
D# 0
40
E
1
28
E
0
41
F
1
29
F
0
42
F#
1
30
F# 0
43
G
1
31
G
0
44
G#
1
32
G# 0
45
A
1
33
A
0
46
A#
1
34
A# 0
47
B
1
35
B
0
48
C
2
36
C
1
49
C#
2
37
C# 1
50
D
2
38
D
1
51
D#
2
39
D# 1
52
E
2
40
E
1
53
F
2
41
F
1
54
F#
2
42
F# 1
55
G
2
43
G
1
56
G#
2
44
G# 1
57
A
2
45
A
1
58
A#
2
46
A# 1
59
B
2
47
B
1
60
C
3
48
C
2
61
C#
3
49
C# 2
62
D
3
50
D
2
63
D#
3
51
D# 2
64
E
3
52
E
2
65
F
3
53
F
2
66
F#
3
54
F# 2
67
G
3
55
G
2
68
G#
3
56
G# 2
69
A
3
57
A
2
70
A#
3
58
A# 2
71
B
3
59
B
2
72
C
4
60
C
3
73
C#
4
61
C# 3
74
D
4
62
D
3
75
D#
4
63
D# 3
76
E
4
64
E
3
77
F
4
65
F
3
78
F#
4
66
F# 3
79
G
4
67
G
3
80
G#
4
68
G# 3
81
A
4
69
A
3
82
A#
4
70
A# 3
83
B
4
71
B
3
84
C
5
72
C
4
85
C#
5
73
C# 4
86
D
5
74
D
4
87
D#
5
75
D# 4
88
E
5
76
E
4
89
F
5
77
F
4
90
F#
5
78
F# 4
91
G
5
79
G
4
92
G#
5
80
G# 4
93
A
5
81
A
4
94
A#
5
82
A# 4
95
B
5
83
B
4
96
C
6
84
C
5
101
127
0
0
Key Alternate
Standard Kit 1
off Assign
*3
Surdo Mute
*3
Surdo Open
Hi-Q
Whip
*4
Scratch H
*4
Scratch L
Finger Snap
Click
Metronome Click
Metronome Bell
Seq Click L
Seq Click H
Brush Tap
O
Brush Swirl
Brush Slap
O
Brush Swirl W/Attack
O
Snare Roll
Castanet
Snare H Soft
Sticks
Bass Drum L
Open Rim Shot
Bass Drum M
Bass Drum H
Side Stick
Snare L
Hand Clap
Snare H Hard
Floor Tom L
*1
Hi-Hat Closed
Floor Tom H
*1
Hi-Hat Pedal
Low Tom
*1
Hi-Hat Open
Mid Tom L
Mid Tom H
Crash Cymbal 1
High Tom
Ride Cymbal 1
Chinese Cymbal
Ride Cymbal Cup
Tambourine
Splash Cymbal
Cowbell
Crash Cymbal 2
Vibraslap
Ride Cymbal 2
Bongo H
Bongo L
Conga H Mute
Conga H Open
Conga L
Timbale H
Timbale L
Agogo H
Agogo L
Cabasa
Maracas
O
Samba Whistle H
O
Samba Whistle L
Guiro Short
O
Guiro Long
Claves
Wood Block H
Wood Block L
Cuica Mute
Cuica Open
*2
Triangle Mute
*2
Triangle Open
Shaker
Jingle Bell
Bell Tree
102
127
0
1
Standard Kit 2
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Snare H Soft2
<——
Bass Drum L2
Open Rim Shot2
<——
Bass Drum H 2
<——
Snare L2
<——
Snare H Hard2
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
103
127
0
8
Room Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
SD Room L
<——
SD Room H
Room Tom 1
<——
Room Tom 2
<——
Room Tom 3
<——
Room Tom 4
Room Tom 5
<——
Room Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
104
127
0
16
Rock Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
SD Elec M
<——
<——
<——
Bass Drum H3
BD Rock
<——
SD Rock
<——
SD Rock Rim
Rock Tom 1
<——
Rock Tom 2
<——
Rock Tom 3
<——
Rock Tom 4
Rock Tom 5
<——
Rock Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
105
127
0
24
Electronic Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Reverse Cymbal
<——
Hi Q
Snare L
<——
Bass Drum H
<——
BD Rock
BD Rock 2
<——
SD Elec M
<——
SD Elec H
E Tom 1
<——
E Tom 2
<——
E Tom 3
<——
E Tom 4
E Tom 5
<——
E Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Scratch Push
Scratch Pull
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
112
110
DRUM KIT LIST
Voice#
Bank MSB#
Bank LSB#
Program Change#
Keyboard
MIDI
Note#
Note
Note#
Note
25
C#
0
13
C# -1
26
D
0
14
D
-1
27
D#
0
15
D# -1
28
E
0
16
E
-1
29
F
0
17
F
-1
30
F#
0
18
F# -1
31
G
0
19
G
-1
32
G#
0
20
G# -1
33
A
0
21
A
-1
34
A#
0
22
A# -1
35
B
0
23
B
-1
36
C
1
24
C
0
37
C#
1
25
C# 0
38
D
1
26
D
0
39
D#
1
27
D# 0
40
E
1
28
E
0
41
F
1
29
F
0
42
F#
1
30
F# 0
43
G
1
31
G
0
44
G#
1
32
G# 0
45
A
1
33
A
0
46
A#
1
34
A# 0
47
B
1
35
B
0
48
C
2
36
C
1
49
C#
2
37
C# 1
50
D
2
38
D
1
51
D#
2
39
D# 1
52
E
2
40
E
1
53
F
2
41
F
1
54
F#
2
42
F# 1
55
G
2
43
G
1
56
G#
2
44
G# 1
57
A
2
45
A
1
58
A#
2
46
A# 1
59
B
2
47
B
1
60
C
3
48
C
2
61
C#
3
49
C# 2
62
D
3
50
D
2
63
D#
3
51
D# 2
64
E
3
52
E
2
65
F
3
53
F
2
66
F#
3
54
F# 2
67
G
3
55
G
2
68
G#
3
56
G# 2
69
A
3
57
A
2
70
A#
3
58
A# 2
71
B
3
59
B
2
72
C
4
60
C
3
73
C#
4
61
C# 3
74
D
4
62
D
3
75
D#
4
63
D# 3
76
E
4
64
E
3
77
F
4
65
F
3
78
F#
4
66
F# 3
79
G
4
67
G
3
80
G#
4
68
G# 3
81
A
4
69
A
3
82
A#
4
70
A# 3
83
B
4
71
B
3
84
C
5
72
C
4
85
C#
5
73
C# 4
86
D
5
74
D
4
87
D#
5
75
D# 4
88
E
5
76
E
4
89
F
5
77
F
4
90
F#
5
78
F# 4
91
G
5
79
G
4
92
G#
5
80
G# 4
93
A
5
81
A
4
94
A#
5
82
A# 4
95
B
5
83
B
4
96
C
6
84
C
5
106
127
0
25
Key Alternate
Analog Kit
off Assign
*3
<——
*3
<——
<——
<——
*4
<——
*4
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
O
<——
<——
O
Reverse Cymbal
O
<——
Hi Q
SD Elec H2
<——
Bass Drum H
<——
BD Analog 1L
BD Analog 1H
Analog Side Stick
SD Analog 1H
<——
SD Analog 1L
Analog Tom 1
*1
Analog HH Closed1
Analog Tom 2
*1
Analog HH Closed2
Analog Tom 3
*1
Analog HH 1 Open
Analog Tom 4
Analog Tom 5
Analog Cymbal
Analog Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Cowbell
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Conga H
Analog Conga M
Analog Conga L
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Maracas
O
<——
O
<——
<——
O
<——
Analog Claves
<——
<——
Scratch Push
Scratch Pull
*2
<——
*2
<——
<——
<——
<——
107
127
0
27
Dance Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Reverse Cymbal
<——
Hi Q
SD Analog 2
<——
BD Analog 2
SD Analog Open Rim
BD Analog 3
BD Analog 4
Analog Side Stick
SD Analog 3
<——
SD Analog 4
Analog Tom 1
Dance HH Closed1
Analog Tom 2
Dance HH Closed2
Analog Tom 3
HH Open2
Analog Tom 4
Analog Tom 5
Analog Cymbal
Analog Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Cowbell
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Conga H
Analog Conga M
Analog Conga L
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Maracas
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Claves
<——
<——
Scratch Push
Scratch Pull
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
108
127
0
32
Jazz Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
BD Jazz
<——
SD Jazz L
<——
SD Jazz H
Jazz Tom 1
<——
Jazz Tom 2
<——
Jazz Tom 3
<——
Jazz Tom 4
Jazz Tom 5
<——
Jazz Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
109
127
0
40
Brush Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Brush Slap L
<——
<——
<——
<——
BD Jazz
<——
Brush Slap H
<——
Brush Tap
Brush Tom 1
<——
Brush Tom 2
<——
Brush Tom 3
<——
Brush Tom 4
Brush Tom 5
<——
Brush Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
110
127
0
48
Symphony Kit1
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Bass Drum L3
<——
Gran Casa
Gran Casa Mute
<——
Marching SD M
<——
Marching SD H
Jazz Tom 1
<——
Jazz Tom 2
<——
Jazz Tom 3
<——
Jazz Tom 4
Jazz Tom 5
Hand Cym.L Open
Jazz Tom 6
Hand Cym. L Closed
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Hand Cym. H Open
<——
Hand Cym. H Closed
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
111
113
MIDI IMPLEMENTATION CHART
[Portable Keyboard]
Model: PSR-270
Function
Basic
Default
Channel Changed
Transmitted
Recognized
1 - 16
1 - 16
1 - 16
1 - 16
Default
Messages
Altered
3
X
**************
3
X
X
: True voice
0 - 127
**************
0 - 127
0 - 127
Velocity
Note ON
Note OFF
O 9nH, v=1 - 127
O 9nH, v=0
O 9nH, v=1 - 127
O 9nH, v=0 or 8nH
After
Touch
key’s
Ch’s
X
X
X
X
X
O
Mode
Note
Number
Pitch Bender
Control Change
0, 32
1
7, 10
11
6, 38
64
84
91, 93, 94
96, 97
100, 101
120
121
O
X
O
X
X
O
X
O
X
X
X
X
Program
Change : True #
O 0 - 127
**************
System Exclusive
O
System
: Song Position
: Song Select
Common : Tune
X
X
X
System : Clock
Real Time : Commands
O
O
Aux
X
X
O
X
: Local ON/OFF
: All Notes OFF
Messages : Active Sense
: Reset
Mode 1 : OMNI ON, POLY
Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY
Date: 7-Dec-1998
Version: 1.0
MIDI Implementation Chart
*2
*2
*2
*2
*2
Remarks
*1
*1
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
Bank Select
Modulation
Expression
Data Entry
Sustain
Portamento Control
Effect Depth
Data Inc, Dec
RPN LSB, MSB
All Sound Off
Reset All Controllers
O 0 - 127
*3
O
*3
X
X
X
*5
O
O
*4
*5
X
O (123 - 127)
O
X
Mode 2 : OMNI ON, MONO
Mode 4 : OMNI OFF, MONO
O : Yes
X : No
114
112
MIDI IMPLEMENTATION CHART
NOTE:
*1 By default (factory settings) the PSR-270 ordinarily functions as a 16channel multi-timbral tone generator, and incoming data does not affect the
panel voices or panel settings. However, the MIDI messages listed below do
affect the panel voices, auto accompaniment, and songs.
• MIDI Master Tuning
• System exclusive messages for changing the Reverb Type, Chorus Type,
and DSP Type.
The Remote Channel can be designated by using Function parameter #81.
The messages received over the set channel are handled in the same way as
key data received from the PSR-270 itself. The following messages can be
received over the designated channel set in this Function parameter; all other
messages will be ignored.
• Note ON
• Note OFF
• Control change : Bank select MSB, LSB (Main Voice Only), Modulation,
Volume, Expression, Sustain, All sound off, All note off
• Program Change (Main Voice Only)
• Pitch Bend
*2 Messages for these control change numbers cannot be transmitted from the
PSR-270 itself. However, they may be transmitted when playing the
accompaniment or using the Harmony effect.
*3 Exclusive
<GM System ON> F0H, 7EH, 7FH, 09H, 01H, F7H
• This message automatically restores all default settings for the instrument,
with the exception of MIDI Master Tuning.
<MIDI Master Volume> F0H, 7FH, 7FH, 04H, 01H, ll, mm, F7H
• This message allows the volume of all channels to be changed simultaneously (Universal System Exclusive).
• The values of “mm” is used for MIDI Master Tuning. (Values for “ll” are
ignored.)
<MIDI Master Tuning> F0H, 43H, 1nH, 27H, 30H, 00H, 00H, mm, ll, cc, F7H
• This message simultaneously changes the tuning value of all channels.
• The values of “mm” and “ll” are used for MIDI Master Tuning.
• The default value of “mm” and “ll” are 08H and 00H, respectively. Any
values can be used for “n” and “cc.”
<Bulk Dump>
• This is used for saving (recording) User data (User songs, User One Touch
Setting, and EZ Chord).
<Internal Clock, External Clock> (Receive Only)
F0H, 43H, 73H, 01H, 02H, F7H (Internal Clock)
F0H, 43H, 73H, 01H, 03H, F7H (External Clock)
• These messages control the clock setting for the accompaniment.
<Reverb Type> F0H, 43H, 1nH, 4CH, 02H, 01H, 00H, mmH, llH, F7H
• mm : Reverb Type MSB
• ll : Reverb Type LSB
Refer to the Effect Map (page 116) for details.
<Chorus Type> F0H, 43H, 1nH, 4CH, 02H, 01H, 20H, mmH, llH, F7H
• mm : Chorus Type MSB
• ll : Chorus Type LSB
Refer to the Effect Map (page 116) for details.
<DSP Type> F0H, 43H, 1nH, 4CH, 02H, 01H, 40H, mmH, llH, F7H
• mm : DSP Type MSB
• ll : DSP Type LSB
Refer to the Effect Map (page 116) for details.
<DRY Level> F0H, 43H, 1nH, 4CH, 08H, 0mH, 11H, llH, F7H
• ll : Dry Level
• 0m : Channel Number
*4 It is possible to switch between External and Internal Clock.
*5 When the accompaniment is started, an FAH message is transmitted. When
accompaniment is stopped, an FCH message is transmitted. When the clock
is set to External, both FAH (accompaniment start) and FCH (accompaniment stop) are recognized.
No MIDI messages can be received or transmitted in the Song mode.
113
115
MIDI IMPLEMENTATION CHART
■ Effect map
* If the received value does not contain an effect type in the TYPE LSB, the LSB
will be directed to TYPE 0.
* Panel Effects are based on the “(Number) Effect Name”.
* By using an external sequencer, which is capable of editing and transmitting the
system exclusive messages and parameter changes, you can select the Reverb,
Chorus and DSP effect types which are not accessible from the PSR-270 panel
itself. When one of the effects is selected by the external sequencer, “ - ” will be
shown on the display.
REVERB
TYPE
MSB
000
001
002
003
004
005...127
00
NO EFFECT
(1)HALL1
ROOM
STAGE
PLATE
NO EFFECT
01
02
08
TYPE LSB
16
(5)STAGE1
(7)PLATE1
17
18
(2)HALL2
(3)ROOM1
(6)STAGE2
(8)PLATE2
19
20
(4)ROOM2
CHORUS
TYPE
MSB
000...064
065
066
067
068...127
00
NO EFFECT
CHORUS
CELESTE
FLANGER
NO EFFECT
01
02
08
TYPE LSB
16
17
18
19
20
18
19
20
(2)CHORUS2
(3)FLANGER1
(1)CHORUS1
(4)FLANGER2
DSP
TYPE
MSB
000
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
010
011
012...019
020
021...063
064
065
066
067
068
069
070
071
072
073
074
075
076
077
078
079...127
TYPE LSB
00
01
02
08
16
NO EFFECT
(1)HALL1
ROOM
STAGE
(5)STAGE1
PLATE
(7)PLATE1
DELAY L,C,R
(26)DELAY L,C,R
(27)DELAY L,R
(28)ECHO
(29)CROSS DELAY
(9)EARLY REFLECTION1 (10)EARLY REFLECTION2
(11)GATE REVERB
(12)REVERSE GATE
NO EFFECT
KARAOKE
NO EFFECT
THRU
CHORUS
(14)CHORUS2
CELESTE
FLANGER
(15)FLANGER1
SYMPHONIC
(17)SYMPHONIC
ROTARY SPEAKER
(19)ROTARY SPEAKER1
TREMOLO
(21)TREMOLO1
AUTO PAN
(24)AUTO PAN
(18)PHASER
DISTORTION
OVERDRIVE
AMP SIMULATION
(30)DISTORTION HARD
3BAND EQ
(32)EQ DISCO
2BAND EQ
AUTO WAH
(25)AUTO WAH
THRU
17
(2)HALL2
(3)ROOM1
(6)STAGE2
(8)PLATE2
(4)ROOM2
(13)CHORUS1
(16)FLANGER2
(20)ROTARY SPEAKER2 (22)TREMOLO2 (23)GUITAR TREMOLO
(31)DISTORTION SOFT
(33)EQ TEL
116
114
INDEX
Misc.
+/- keys ................................................. 29
Function parameters ....................... 18, 19
G
recording, OTS ...................................... 72
recording, Realtime ............................... 80
A
GM (General MIDI) voices ..................... 29
AC adaptor .............................................. 8
accessory jacks ........................................ 9
recording, song ..................................... 79
recording, Step ..................................... 84
H
rests ...................................................... 87
Harmony ............................................... 43
Reverb ................................................... 40
HARMONY button ................................ 43
Harmony types ...................................... 46
REVERB button ...................................... 40
accompaniment controls ....................... 52
accompaniment sections ....................... 54
headphones ............................................ 9
Reverb types ......................................... 45
root ................................................. 60, 62
I
S
amplifier/stereo system, using an external .. 9
Initial Setup Send .......................... 98, 102
saving bulk data .................................... 99
auto accompaniment ............................ 47
Initialization ........................................ 105
saving data ............................................ 99
B
interval .................................................. 61
Intro ...................................................... 49
sections (accompaniment) .................... 54
Accompaniment Split Point ............. 58, 59
Accompaniment Volume ....................... 55
accompaniment, playing ....................... 47
bank chain ............................................ 67
batteries .................................................. 8
inversion ............................................... 60
Single Finger chords .............................. 56
Smart .................................................... 64
Song Clear ............................................ 90
beat display ........................................... 77
beat indicators ...................................... 77
K
Bulk Dump Send ................................... 99
L
C
loading bulk data ................................ 101
Song Volume ......................................... 78
songs, recording ................................... 79
Chord Guide ......................................... 62
Local control ......................................... 97
songs, selecting and playing .................. 75
chord names, about .............................. 61
M
space (EZ Chord) .................................. 69
Main A/B ............................................... 54
Specifications ...................................... 106
Main voice ............................................ 27
Metronome ........................................... 24
Split Point ....................................... 37, 58
Split voice ............................................. 36
MIDI ..................................................... 93
styles, selecting ..................................... 47
MIDI channels ....................................... 97
sustain ............................................... 9, 91
MIDI Implementation Chart ................ 114
Sync-Start ............................................. 48
MIDI terminals ...................................... 94
MIDI, about .......................................... 93
T
mode indicator ...................................... 22
Multi Fingering ..................................... 56
Tempo (style) ........................................ 53
Time Signature ...................................... 25
D
music stand ........................................... 23
TOUCH button ...................................... 38
DEMO button ....................................... 16
N
Touch Sensitivity ................................... 39
numeric keypad ................................ 6, 28
track .......................................... 75, 81, 85
display indications ................................. 22
O
tracks, muting ....................................... 83
tracks, re-recording ............................... 83
dotted notes ......................................... 87
One Touch Setting ................................ 72
One Touch Setting, Preset ..................... 74
Transpose .............................................. 32
Drum Kit voices ..................................... 30
DSP ....................................................... 42
One Touch Setting, User ....................... 72
Troubleshooting .................................. 104
OTS (One Touch Setting) ...................... 72
Tuning .................................................. 33
DSP types .............................................. 45
OVERALL buttons .................................... 6
DUAL button ......................................... 34
Overall indicator .................................... 22
U
Dual voice ............................................. 34
P
User One Touch Setting ........................ 72
User songs ............................................. 79
E
PHONES / OUTPUT jack .......................... 9
Portable Grand ...................................... 24
Utility .............................................. 38, 91
chord track ................................ 82, 85, 87
chord type ...................................... 60, 63
chords, about ........................................ 60
chords, Fingered ................................... 56
chords, Single Finger ............................. 56
Chorus .................................................. 41
Chorus types ......................................... 45
clearing, EZ Chord bank ........................ 71
clearing, song ....................................... 90
clock ..................................................... 98
Demo songs .......................................... 16
Dictionary ............................................. 62
Drum Kit Voice Chart ............................ 30
effects ................................................... 40
Keyboard out ........................................ 97
SONG MEMORY buttons ....................... 81
song recording ...................................... 79
Tempo (song) ....................................... 76
triplets ................................................... 87
V
Ending .................................................. 51
EZ Chord .............................................. 66
Preset One Touch Setting ...................... 74
F
Quick Guide .......................................... 10
Voice Set ............................................... 38
voices, Drum Kit ............................ 30, 112
Fingered chords .................................... 56
R
voices, GM .......................................... 110
footswitch ............................................. 91
RECORD button .................................... 79
voices, panel ................................. 11, 109
FUNCTION button ................................ 18
recording, EZ Chord .............................. 68
voices, selecting and playing ................. 27
Q
Fill-in ..................................................... 54
velocity curves ....................................... 89
Voice List ............................................. 108
115
voicing .................................................. 60
117
Limited Warranty
90 DAYS LABOR
1 YEAR PARTS
Yamaha Corporation of America, hereafter referred to as Yamaha, warrants to the original consumer of a product included in the categories listed below,
that the product will be free of defects in materials and/or workmanship for the periods indicated. This warranty is applicable to all models included in
the following series of products:
PSR SERIES OF PORTATONE ELECTRONIC KEYBOARDS
If during the first 90 days that immediately follows the purchase date, your new Yamaha product covered by this warranty is found to have a defect in
material and/or workmanship, Yamaha and/or its authorized representative will repair such defect without charge for parts or labor.
If parts should be required after this 90 day period but within the one year period that immediately follows the purchase date, Yamaha will, subject to
the terms of this warranty, supply these parts without charge. However, charges for labor, and/or any miscellaneous expenses incurred are the consumers
responsibility. Yamaha reserves the right to utilize reconditioned parts in repairing these products and/or to use reconditioned units as warranty
replacements.
THIS WARRANTY IS THE ONLY EXPRESS WARRANTY WHICH YAMAHA MAKES IN CONNECTION WITH THESE PRODUCTS.
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY APPLICABLE TO THE PRODUCT, INCLUDING THE WARRANTY OF MERCHANT ABILITY IS
LIMITED TO THE DURATION OF THE EXPRESS WARRANTY. YAMAHA EXCLUDES AND SHALL NOT BE LIABLE IN ANY
EVENT FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
Some states do not allow limitations that relate to implied warranties and/or the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages. Therefore, these
limitations and exclusions may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
CONSUMERS RESPONSIBILITIES
If warranty service should be required, it is necessary that the consumer assume certain responsibilities:
1. Contact the Customer Service Department of the retailer selling the product, or any retail outlet authorized by Yamaha to sell the product for assistance.
You may also contact Yamaha directly at the address provided below.
2. Deliver the unit to be serviced under warranty to: the retailer selling the product, an authorized service center, or to Yamaha with an explanation of
the problem. Please be prepared to provide proof purchase date (sales receipt, credit card copy, etc.) when requesting service and/or parts under
warranty.
3. Shipping and/or insurance costs are the consumers responsibility.* Units shipped for service should be packed securely.
*Repaired units will be returned PREPAID if warranty service is required within the first 90 days.
IMPORTANT: Do NOT ship anything to ANY location without prior authorization. A Return Authorization (RA) will be issued that has a
tracking number assigned that will expedite the servicing of your unit and provide a tracking system if needed.
4. Your owners manual contains important safety and operating instructions. It is your responsibility to be aware of the contents of this manual and to
follow all safety precautions.
EXCLUSIONS
This warranty does not apply to units whose trade name, trademark, and/or ID numbers have been altered, defaced, exchanged removed, or to failures
and/or damages that may occur as a result of:
1. Neglect, abuse, abnormal strain, modification or exposure to extremes in temperature or humidity.
2. Improper repair or maintenance by any person who is not a service representative of a retail outlet authorized by Yamaha to sell the product, an
authorized service center, or an authorized service representative of Yamaha.
3. This warranty is applicable only to units sold by retailers authorized by Yamaha to sell these products in the U.S.A., the District of Columbia, and
Puerto Rico. This warranty is not applicable in other possessions or territories of the U.S.A. or in any other country.
Please record the model and serial number of the product you have purchased in the spaces provided below.
Model___________________________
Serial #________________________________ Sales Slip #________________________________
Purchased from____________________________________________________________ Date______________________________________
(Retailer)
YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA
Electronic Service Division
6600 Orangethorpe Avenue
Buena Park, CA 90620
KEEP THIS DOCUMENT FOR YOUR RECORDS. DO NOT MAIL!
116
For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the
authorized distributor listed below.
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha
ou au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante.
NORTH AMERICA
CANADA
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario,
M1S 3R1, Canada
Tel: 416-298-1311
U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620,
U.S.A.
Tel: 714-522-9011
CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA
MEXICO
Yamaha de Mexico S.A. De C.V.,
Departamento de ventas
Javier Rojo Gomez No.1149, Col. Gpe Del
Moral, Deleg. Iztapalapa, 09300 Mexico, D.F.
Tel: 686-00-33
BRAZIL
Yamaha Musical do Brasil LTDA.
Av. Rebouças 2636, São Paulo, Brasil
Tel: 011-853-1377
ARGENTINA
Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer unten aufgeführten Niederlassung und bei Yamaha Vertragshändlern in den jeweiligen
Bestimmungsländern erhältlich.
Para detalles sobre productos, contacte su tienda Yamaha más cercana
o el distribuidor autorizado que se lista debajo.
ASIA
ITALY
Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A.,
Home Keyboard Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate (Milano), Italy
Tel: 02-935-771
SPAIN/PORTUGAL
Yamaha-Hazen Electronica Musical, S.A.
Jorge Juan 30, 28001, Madrid, Spain
Tel: 91-577-7270
GREECE
Philippe Nakas S.A.
Navarinou Street 13, P.Code 10680, Athens, Greece
Tel: 01-364-7111
SWEDEN
PANAMA AND OTHER LATIN
AMERICAN COUNTRIES/
CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha de Panama S.A.
Torre Banco General, Piso 7, Urbanización Marbella,
Calle 47 y Aquilino de la Guardia,
Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
Tel: 507-269-5311
EUROPE
THE UNITED KINGDOM
Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes,
MK7 8BL, England
Tel: 01908-366700
GERMANY/SWITZERLAND
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen,
F.R. of Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
AUSTRIA
Yamaha Music Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien Austria
Tel: 01-60203900
THE NETHERLANDS
Yamaha Music Nederland
Kanaalweg 18G, 3526KL, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Tel: 030-2828411
BELGIUM
Yamaha Music Belgium
Keiberg Imperiastraat 8, 1930 Zaventem, Belgium
Tel: 02-7258220
FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France,
Division Claviers
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vallée Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000
INDONESIA
PT. Yamaha Music Indonesia (Distributor)
PT. Nusantik
Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia
Tel: 21-520-2577
KOREA
MALAYSIA
Yamaha Music Malaysia, Sdn., Bhd.
Lot 8, Jalan Perbandaran, 47301 Kelana Jaya,
Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 3-703-0900
DENMARK
YS Copenhagen Liaison Office
Generatorvej 8B
DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark
Tel: 44 92 49 00
PHILIPPINES
Yupangco Music Corporation
339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, P.O. Box 885 MCPO,
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: 819-7551
F-Musiikki Oy
Kluuvikatu 6, P.O. Box 260,
SF-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: 09 618511
SINGAPORE
NORWAY
Norsk filial av Yamaha Scandinavia AB
Grini Næringspark 1
N-1345 Østerås, Norway
Tel: 67 16 77 70
Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd.
Blk 202 Hougang, Street 21 #02-01,
Singapore 530202
Tel: 747-4374
TAIWAN
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
10F, 150, Tun-Hwa Northroad,
Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Tel: 02-2713-8999
ICELAND
Skifan HF
Skeifan 17 P.O. Box 8120
IS-128 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: 525 5000
THAILAND
OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, F.R. of
Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
IRELAND
Danfay Ltd.
61D, Sallynoggin Road, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin
Tel: 01-2859177
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd.
11/F., Silvercord Tower 1, 30 Canton Road,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 2737-7688
Cosmos Corporation
#131-31, Neung-Dong, Sungdong-Ku, Seoul
Korea
Tel: 02-466-0021~5
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J. A. Wettergrens Gata 1
Box 30053
S-400 43 Göteborg, Sweden
Tel: 031 89 34 00
FINLAND
Yamaha Music Argentina S.A.
Viamonte 1145 Piso2-B 1053,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: 1-371-7021
HONG KONG
AFRICA
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2312
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd.
121/60-61 RS Tower 17th Floor,
Ratchadaphisek RD., Dindaeng,
Bangkok 10320, Thailand
Tel: 02-641-2951
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
AND OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2317
OCEANIA
AUSTRALIA
MIDDLE EAST
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd.
17-33 Market Street, South Melbourne, Vic. 3205,
Australia
Tel: 3-699-2388
TURKEY/CYPRUS
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen,
F.R. of Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
NEW ZEALAND
OTHER COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2312
Music Houses of N.Z. Ltd.
146/148 Captain Springs Road, Te Papapa,
Auckland, New Zealand
Tel: 9-634-0099
COUNTRIES AND TRUST
TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2317
HEAD OFFICE Yamaha Corporation, Electronic Musical Instrument Division
[PK] 16
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-3273
M.D.G., EMI Division © 1999 Yamaha Corporation
V332710 ???PO???.?-01A0 Printed in China