Dell PowerVault MD3860f Specifications

Dell PowerVault MD3860f Series Storage
Arrays
Deployment Guide
Notes, Cautions, and Warnings
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your computer.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you
how to avoid the problem.
WARNING: A WARNING indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death.
Copyright © 2014 Dell Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and
intellectual property laws. Dell™ and the Dell logo are trademarks of Dell Inc. in the United States and/or other
jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
2015 - 02
Rev. A00
Contents
1 Introduction........................................................................................................... 5
System Requirements............................................................................................................................5
Management Station Requirements............................................................................................... 5
Introduction To Storage Arrays.............................................................................................................5
Related Documentation........................................................................................................................6
Contacting Dell......................................................................................................................................7
Documentation feedback..................................................................................................................... 7
2 Hardware Installation...........................................................................................8
Planning The Storage Configuration ................................................................................................... 8
Connecting The Storage Array ............................................................................................................ 8
Configuring Fibre Channel With Dell MD Series Storage Arrays......................................................... 9
Configuring Fibre Channel On SAN Attached Storage Arrays.............................................................9
Configuring Fibre Channel..............................................................................................................9
Other Information You May Need...................................................................................................... 10
Installing Supported Fibre Channel HBAs.......................................................................................... 10
Installing Fibre Channel HBA On Your Host Server......................................................................10
Using Fibre Channel Switch Zoning................................................................................................... 10
World Wide Name Zoning............................................................................................................. 11
Switch Zoning Guidelines..............................................................................................................12
Setting Up Zoning On The Fibre Channel Switch Hardware....................................................... 12
Cabling The Storage Array ................................................................................................................. 12
Redundant And Non-Redundant Cabling.................................................................................... 12
SAN-Attached Cabling........................................................................................................................ 13
SAN-Attached Cabling Example................................................................................................... 13
Remote Replication Cabling Example.......................................................................................... 15
Mixed Environment........................................................................................................................ 17
Cabling PowerVault MD3060e Expansion Enclosures...................................................................... 18
MD3060e Expansion cabling diagrams........................................................................................ 19
Expanding With New PowerVault MD3060e Expansion Enclosures.......................................... 20
3 Installing MD Storage Manager........................................................................22
Installing Host Bus Adapters And Drivers........................................................................................... 23
Graphical Installation (Recommended)..............................................................................................23
Console Installation ........................................................................................................................... 24
Silent Installation ................................................................................................................................ 24
Silent Installation On Windows.....................................................................................................24
Silent Installation On Linux........................................................................................................... 24
Enabling Premium Features (Optional).............................................................................................. 25
Upgrading PowerVault MD Storage Manager.................................................................................... 25
4 Post Installation Tasks....................................................................................... 26
Verifying Storage Array Discovery...................................................................................................... 26
Initial Setup Tasks................................................................................................................................ 27
5 Uninstalling MD Storage Manager.................................................................. 28
Uninstalling MD Storage Manager From Windows............................................................................28
Uninstall MD Storage Manager From Windows Server GUI Version.................................................28
Uninstall MD Storage Manager From Windows Server Core Versions............................................. 28
Uninstalling MD Storage Manager From Linux.................................................................................. 29
6 Load Balancing....................................................................................................30
Load Balance Policy............................................................................................................................30
Round Robin With Subset............................................................................................................. 30
Least Queue Depth....................................................................................................................... 30
Least Path Weight..........................................................................................................................30
Setting Load Balance Policies in Linux................................................................................................31
Setting Load Balance Policies in VMware...........................................................................................31
7 Appendix — Working With SFP Modules And Fiber Optic Cables............. 32
Guidelines For Using SFP Modules..................................................................................................... 32
Installing SFP Modules...................................................................................................................32
Removing SFP Modules.................................................................................................................33
Guidelines For Using Fibre Optic Cables............................................................................................33
Installing Fibre Channel Cables.................................................................................................... 34
Removing Fibre Channel Cables.................................................................................................. 34
8 Appendix — Hardware Cabling Best Practices..............................................35
Handling Static Sensitive Components.............................................................................................. 35
Host Cabling For Remote Replication................................................................................................35
Cabling For Performance....................................................................................................................35
Labeling Cables................................................................................................................................... 36
Introduction
1
This guide provides information about deploying Dell PowerVault MD3860f storage arrays. The
deployment process includes:
•
Hardware installation
•
Modular Disk Storage Manager (MD Storage Manager) installation
•
Initial system configuration
Other information provided include system requirements, storage array organization, and utilities.
NOTE: For more information on product documentation, see Related Documentation.
MD Storage Manager enables an administrator to configure and monitor storage arrays for optimum
usability. The version of MD Storage Manager included on the PowerVault MD Series resource media can
be used to manage both the PowerVault MD3860f Series and other PowerVault MD Series storage arrays.
MD Storage Manager is compatible with both Microsoft Windows and Linux operating systems.
System Requirements
Before installing and configuring the PowerVault MD3860f Series hardware and software, ensure that the
supported operating system is installed and minimum system requirements are met. For more
information, see the Support Matrix at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
Management Station Requirements
A management station uses MD Storage Manager to configure and manage storage arrays across the
network. For more information on management station requirements, see the Support Matrix at
dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
Introduction To Storage Arrays
An enclosure containing physical disks accessed through RAID controller modules is called a storage
array. A storage array includes various hardware components, such as physical disks, RAID controller
modules, fans, and power supplies.
One or more host servers attached to the storage array can access the data on the storage array. You can
also establish multiple physical paths between the host(s) and the storage array so that loss of any single
path (for example, through failure of a host server port) does not result in loss of access to data on the
storage array.
The storage array is managed by MD Storage Manager running on a:
5
•
Host server — On a host server system, MD Storage Manager and the storage array communicate
management requests and event information using in-band or out-of-band connections.
•
Management station — On a management station, MD Storage Manager communicates with the
storage array either through an Ethernet connection to the storage array management port or
through an Ethernet connection to a host server. The Ethernet connection passes management
information between the management station and the storage array using array connectivity.
Using MD Storage Manager, you can configure the physical disks in the storage array into logical
components called disk groups and Dynamic Disk Pool (DDP), then divide the disk groups into virtual
disks. Disk groups are created in the unconfigured capacity of a storage array. Virtual disks are created in
the free capacity of a disk group.
Unconfigured capacity comprises physical disks not already assigned to a disk group or DDP. When a
virtual disk is created using unconfigured capacity, a disk group is automatically created. If the only virtual
disk in a disk group is deleted, the disk group is also deleted. Free capacity is space in a disk group that is
not assigned to any virtual disk.
Data is written to the physical disks in the storage array using RAID technology. RAID levels define the
way in which data is written to physical disks. Different RAID levels offer different levels of accessibility,
redundancy, and capacity. You can set a specified RAID level for each disk group and virtual disk on your
storage array. For more information about using RAID and managing data in your storage solution, see
the Dell PowerVault MD Series Storage Arrays Administrator's Guide at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
Related Documentation
NOTE: For all PowerVault documentation, go to dell.com/powervaultmanuals and enter the
system Service Tag to get your system documentation.
NOTE: For all Dell OpenManage documents, go to dell.com/openmanagemanuals.
NOTE: For all storage controller documents, go to dell.com/storagecontrollermanuals.
Your product documentation includes:
•
Dell PowerVault MD3460/MD3860i/MD3860f Storage Arrays Getting Started Guide — Provides an
overview of system features, setting up your system, and technical specifications. This document is
also shipped with your system.
•
Dell PowerVault MD3860f Storage Arrays Owner’s Manual — Provides information about system
features and describes how to troubleshoot the system and install or replace system components.
•
Rack Installation Instructions — Describes how to install your system into a rack. This document is
also shipped with your rack solution.
•
Dell PowerVault MD Series Storage Arrays Administrator's Guide — Provides information about
configuring and managing the system using the MDSM GUI.
•
Dell PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Arrays CLI Guide — Provides information about configuring and
managing the system using the MDSM CLI.
•
Dell PowerVault MD3860f Storage Arrays Deployment Guide — Provides information about deploying
the storage system in the SAN architecture.
•
Dell PowerVault MD Series Support Matrix — Provides information about the software and hardware
compatibility matrices for the storage array.
6
Contacting Dell
NOTE: If you do not have an active Internet connection, you can find the contact information on
your purchase invoice, packing slip, bill, or Dell product catalog.
Dell provides several online and telephone-based support and service options. Availability varies by
country and product, and some services may not be available in your area. To contact Dell for sales,
technical support, or customer service issues:
Go to dell.com/contactdell.
Documentation feedback
If you have feedback for this document, write to documentation_feedback@dell.com. Alternatively, you
can click on the Feedback link in any of the Dell documentation pages, fill out the form, and click Submit
to send your feedback.
7
Hardware Installation
2
Before using this guide, ensure that you review the instructions in the:
•
Dell PowerVault MD3460/MD3860i/MD3860f Storage Arrays Getting Started Guide — The Getting
Started Guide that is shipped with the storage array provides information to configure the initial setup
of the system.
•
Dell PowerVault MD Series Storage Arrays Administrator's Guide — The Administrator's Guide provides
information about important concepts you must know before setting up your storage solution. For
more information, see dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
•
The Rack Installation instructions — Provides information on how to rack your system. This document
is shipped with your system.
Planning The Storage Configuration
Consider the following before installing your storage array:
•
Evaluate data storage needs and administrative requirements.
•
Calculate availability requirements.
•
Decide the frequency and level of backups, such as weekly full backups with daily partial backups.
•
Consider storage array options, such as password protection and e-mail alert notifications for error
conditions.
•
Design the configuration of virtual disks, disk groups, and DDP according to a data organization plan.
For example, use one virtual disk for inventory, a second for financial and tax information, and a third
for customer information.
•
Decide whether to allow space for hot spares, which automatically replace failed physical disks.
Connecting The Storage Array
The storage array is connected to a host using two hot-swappable RAID controller modules. The RAID
controller modules are identified as RAID controller module 0 and RAID controller module 1. The ports
on the RAID controller module and their functions are listed below:
•
16 Gbps Fibre channel Host Ports (4) – Provides FC connection to the host or node.
NOTE: When you connect a host server to a storage array FC IN port connector, any OUT port
connector of the host bus adapter (HBA) of the server can be used.
•
1 Gbps Ethernet Management (MGMT) Port (1) – Management port allows for out-of-band
management of storage array.
•
Reserved Ethernet Port (1) – Reserved port.
•
12 Gbps SAS host Ports (2) – Additional SAS Host ports.
8
•
SAS host Expansion Ports (2) – Allows you to connect the storage array to optional PowerVault
MD3060e expansion enclosures for additional storage capacity. Only one SAS OUT expansion port
can be used at a time and the recommended expansion port is 0.
Configuring Fibre Channel With Dell MD Series Storage
Arrays
This section provides information about configuring Fibre Channel communication between the host
server and the storage array. For basic setup information such as racking, power cabling, and
recommended handling procedures, see the Getting Started Guide for your Storage Array at dell.com/
powervaultmanuals.
Configuring Fibre Channel On SAN Attached Storage
Arrays
You can only cable the host server to the storage array via storage area network (SAN) using supported
Fibre Channel switch(es).
NOTE: For detailed information on supported Fibre Channel hardware, see the Support Matrix at
dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
The following steps shows the configuration order for connecting to a SAN. These steps assume you are
setting up Fibre Channel storage for the first time.
NOTE: If you are adding an additional Fibre Channel storage array or if your host server is already
configured to access Fibre Channel storage, some of the steps may not apply. Before proceeding,
see the Dell PowerVault MD Series Support Matrix to confirm that your existing hardware
components and host bus adapter (HBA) firmware and BIOS levels are supported.
Configuring Fibre Channel
To configure a Fibre Channel for connecting to a SAN:
1.
Install the supported HBAs on your host server.
2.
Cable the host server to the Fibre Channel switches.
For more information, see SAN-Attached Cabling Example and Remote Replication Cabling
Example.
3.
Install the required HBA drivers and firmware versions listed in the Dell PowerVault MD Series
Support Matrix available at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
4.
Install and configure the MD Storage Manager software (included with your storage array) on your
host server.
5.
Cable the storage array to the Fibre Channel switches.
6.
Configure zoning on all Fibre Channel switches.
7.
Using MDSM, configure the host servers, storage arrays, and virtual disks.
8.
Activate and configure premium features (if applicable).
For more information, see Switch Zoning Guidelines.
NOTE: All equipment attached to the switch must be powered on before establishing zoning. For
additional switch hardware requirements, see the manufacturer’s documentation.
9
Other Information You May Need
In addition to this document, see the documentation provided with the HBA and Fibre Channel switch
hardware for vendor-specific information required to complete Fibre-Channel setup on your storage
array.
Installing Supported Fibre Channel HBAs
The storage array supports a specific set of Fibre Channel HBAs, each requiring a unique driver and
firmware level. See the Dell PowerVault MD Series Support Matrix at dell.com/powervaultmanuals for a
list of supported HBAs.
If an HBA is already installed on your host server, verify that it is supported in the Dell PowerVault MD
Series Support Matrix. If the HBA is not listed, it should not be used to connect to the storage array.
CAUTION: Connecting the storage array to a non-supported host server HBA or installing nonqualified HBA drivers or firmware can cause instability or loss of access to your data.
Installing Fibre Channel HBA On Your Host Server
For instructions about physically installing an HBA in your host server and loading supported drivers and
firmware, see the documentation supplied with your HBA hardware.
NOTE: During installation you must enter the manufacturer-specific timeout and/or node time
values. See the Dell PowerVault MD Series Support Matrix at dell.com/powervaultmanuals for
information related to your specific HBA.
Using Fibre Channel Switch Zoning
A Fibre Channel switch allows you to connect multiple devices to the SAN without compromising
bandwidth or data throughput. Switch zoning implemented on each Fibre Channel switch hardware
component using the manufacturer’s embedded utility, allows you to divide port traffic between the host
server and storage array to maintain the highest level of redundancy.
The following figure shows each connection to the host server(s) routed to an individual logical zone on
the SAN. Two physical switches provide an alternate (redundant) data path to the storage array. If a single
HBA, switch or RAID controller fails, the host server(s) can still access data on the storage array through
one of the alternate paths provided by the switches.
NOTE: For a list of supported Fibre Channel switches, see the Dell PowerVault MD Series Support
Matrix at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
10
Figure 1. Example of Switch Zoning on SAN on an MD38xxf-series Fibre-Channel Storage Array
World Wide Name Zoning
There are several different switch zoning techniques used across various SANs. When configuring zoning
with your storage array, using a 64 bit World Wide Name (WWN) to uniquely identify each component in
your Fibre Channel switch fabric is recommended. An advantage of using WWN port zoning (also called
soft zoning) is that it allows you to remove and/or replace cabling to and from the fabric without
reconfiguring the existing zone logic.
When implemented on the Fibre Channel switch, port WWN zoning causes the host server to query the
World Wide Identifier (WWID) name of all attached physical disks and/or expansion enclosures each time
it accesses the switch fabric. By zoning specific ports on the host server(s), switch and storage array
11
together, the switch allows the host server to see only devices included in that zone, decreasing the
amount of time it would otherwise take for the host server to query attached, but out-of-zone, devices.
Switch Zoning Guidelines
The storage array imposes specific requirements that must be followed when setting up Fibre Channel
switch zoning:
•
•
•
•
•
If a Fibre Channel switch is used to connect your host server and storage array, it must be zoned. Unzoned or open switches cannot be used.
WWN port zoning is recommended. While hard zoning (zoning by device ID) is supported, LUN
masking uses the WWN identifier. You can mix WWN and hard-zoned ports in the same zone.
Multi-port HBAs are supported. Each port in a multiple-port HBA represents one initiator. Each
initiator must be connected to a single logical switch zone.
No more than four paths (port-to-port segments) can be established from a single, physical host
server(s) to a single RAID controller.
A zone can contain multiple targets and span multiple storage arrays (single initiator can point to
multiple targets).
NOTE: To simplify troubleshooting, you can assign a single initiator and single target to a zone.
•
If the Remote Replication premium feature is activated, a separate zone for each replication port is
required. Only data traffic related to Remote Replication can move through that zone. For more
details and requirements regarding Remote Replication, see the Dell PowerVault MD Series Storage
Arrays Administrator's Guide at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
Setting Up Zoning On The Fibre Channel Switch Hardware
Setting up zoning on Fibre Channel switches varies greatly between manufacturers. For detailed
information on how to set up zoning on your switch, see the manufacturer’s product documentation or
technical support website.
Cabling The Storage Array
Cabling the storage array depends on a number of factors such as:
•
•
•
•
Required level of redundancy or throughput
Number of host servers connected to the storage array
Type of HBAs (dual- or single-port) used in the host server(s)
Remote Replication premium feature (if applicable)
The cabling diagrams shown here do not represent every supported cabling scenario but the concepts of
redundancy and switch logic can be used to build your own configuration.
Redundant And Non-Redundant Cabling
Non-redundant cabling configurations provide a single data path from host server(s) to the storage array.
This type of configuration is only recommended for non-critical data storage. A path failure from a failed
or removed cable, failed HBA, or failed or removed RAID controller module results in loss of host access
to the storage array.
Redundant configurations establish separate data paths between the host server(s) and storage array.
Each path is connected to separate RAID controller modules in the storage array. Redundancy protects
12
the host server(s) from losing access to data in the event of a path failure since both RAID controller
modules can independently access all the physical disks in the storage array.
SAN-Attached Cabling
SAN-attached cabling configurations provide the highest level of redundancy and alternate-path
connectivity between the host server and storage array. A SAN configuration using a Fibre Channel
compatible switch fabric allows you to establish multiple redundant paths to data on the storage array.
NOTE: A SAN configuration using a supported Fibre Channel switch hardware is required if the
Remote Replication premium feature is activated on the storage array. For specific cabling
requirements for Remote Replication, see Remote Replication Cabling Example.
SAN-Attached Cabling Example
The following figure shows a three-server, mixed HBA cabling configuration that uses two separate
switch fabrics to establish multiple paths to the storage array. Port-to-port connections in each switch
fabric/zone are detailed in the text boxes.
13
Figure 2. Three SAN-Attached Host Servers Connected to a Storage Array Using Multiple Paths
14
Switch Fabric A
Switch Fabric B
Zone1_Server1_HBA_0
Zone4_Server1_HBA_1
Server1_HBA_0
Server1_HBA_1
Array1_Ctrl-0-0
Array1_Ctrl-0-1
Array1_Ctrl-0-3
Array1_Ctrl-0-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-0
Array1_Ctrl-1-1
Array1_Ctrl-1-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-3
Zone2_Server2_HBA_0
Zone5_Server2_HBA_1
Switch Fabric A
Switch Fabric B
Server2_HBA_0
Server2_HBA_1
Array1_Ctrl-0-0
Array1_Ctrl-0-1
Array1_Ctrl-0-3
Array1_Ctrl-0-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-0
Array1_Ctrl-1-1
Array1_Ctrl-1-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-3
Zone3_Server3_HBA_0
Zone6_Server3_HBA_1
Server3_HBA_0
Server3_HBA_1
Array1_Ctrl-0-0
Array1_Ctrl-0-1
Array1_Ctrl-0-3
Array1_Ctrl-0-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-0
Array1_Ctrl-1-1
Array1_Ctrl-1-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-3
Remote Replication Cabling Example
Remote Replication is a storage array premium feature that provides online, real-time replication of data
between storage arrays. When this feature is activated, a dedicated port (port 3) on each RAID controller
is reserved exclusively for Remote Replication traffic. No other data traffic is allowed on that port until the
Remote Replication feature is deactivated. A dedicated zone on each Fibre Channel switch is also
required.
15
Figure 3. Remote Replication Cabling
16
Switch Fabric A
Switch Fabric B
Zone1_Server1_HBA_0
Zone6_Server1_HBA_1
Server1_HBA_0
Server1_HBA_1
Array1_Ctrl-0-0
Array1_Ctrl-0-1
Array1_Ctrl-1-0
Array1_Ctrl-0-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-1
Zone2_Server2_HBA_0_0
Zone7_Server2_HBA_0_1
Server2_HBA_0_0
Server2_HBA_0_1
Array1_Ctrl-0-0
Array1_Ctrl-0-1
Array1_Ctrl-1-0
Array1_Ctrl-0-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-1
Zone3_Server2_HBA_1_0
Zone8_Server2_HBA_1_1
Server2_HBA_1_0
Server2_HBA_1_1
Switch Fabric A
Switch Fabric B
Array1_Ctrl-0-0
Array1_Ctrl-0-1
Array1_Ctrl-1-0
Array1_Ctrl-0-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-2
Array1_Ctrl-1-1
Zone4_Server3_HBA_0_1
Zone9_Server3_HBA_0_0
Server3_HBA_0_1
Server3_HBA_0_0
Array2_Ctrl-0-1
Array2_Ctrl-0-0
Array2_Ctrl-0-2
Array2_Ctrl-1-0
Array2_Ctrl-1-1
Array2_Ctrl-1-2
Zone5_Server3_HBA_1_1
Zone10_Server3_HBA_1_0
Server3_HBA_1_1
Server3_HBA_1_0
Array2_Ctrl-0-1
Array2_Ctrl-0-0
Array2_Ctrl-0-2
Array2_Ctrl-1-0
Array2_Ctrl-1-1
Array2_Ctrl-1-2
Replication_Zone_1
Replication_Zone_2
Array1_Ctrl-0-3
Array1_Ctrl-1-3
Array2_Ctrl-0-3
Array2_Ctrl-1-3
Mixed Environment
The following figure shows mixed configuration, that is SAS direct attached and host connectivity via the
SAN (that is FC/Ethernet switch).
17
Figure 4. Mixed Environment
Cabling PowerVault MD3060e Expansion Enclosures
You can expand the capacity of your PowerVault MD3860f Series storage array by adding PowerVault
MD3060e expansion enclosures. You can expand the physical disk drive pool to a maximum of 120 (or
180, if enabled using Premium Feature activation) physical disk drives using a maximum of two expansion
enclosures.
To connect the MD3060e expansion enclosure to your MD Series Dense RAID storage array, refer to the
diagrams given here.
18
MD3060e Expansion cabling diagrams
Figure 5. Single expansion diagram
19
Figure 6. Dual expansion diagram
Expanding With New PowerVault MD3060e Expansion Enclosures
NOTE: Hot plug of MD3060e expansion enclosure is not recommended. Power on all MD3060e
expansion enclosures before you power on the array enclosure. For helpful videos and other
resources on PowerVault MD series, see dell.com/PVresources.
Perform the following steps to attach new PowerVault MD3060e expansion enclosures to a PowerVault
MD3860f Series storage array:
1.
20
Before adding the expansion enclosure(s), ensure that the storage array software is installed and is up
to date.
For more information, see the Support Matrix at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
2.
Install the software and driver package included on the PowerVault MD Series resource media.
For information about installing the software, see Installing MD Storage Manager.
3.
Using MD Storage Manager, update the RAID controller module firmware and NVSRAM to the latest
versions available on dell.com/support.
4.
Click Tools → Upgrade RAID Controller Module Firmware from the Enterprise Management
Window (EMW) by selecting the array enclosure that you want to update.
5.
Stop all I/O to the storage array and turn off affected host systems attached to the storage array.
6.
Turn off the storage array.
7.
Turn off any expansion enclosure(s) in the affected system.
8.
Cable the expansion enclosure(s) to the storage array. For correct cabling diagrams, see "Cabling
PowerVault MD3060e Expansion Enclosure" earlier in this guide.
9.
Turn on the expansion enclosure(s) and wait for the enclosure status LED to turn blue.
10. Turn on the storage array and wait for the status LED to indicate that the unit is ready:
•
When power is on, the power on indicator lights solid green.
•
If the Service action required indicator lights amber, the error can be viewed using the
PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager.
11. After the storage array is online and ready, turn on any attached host systems.
12. Using PowerVault MD Storage Manager, update all attached expansion enclosure firmware if it is out
of date.
13. From the EMW, select the enclosure that you want to update and launch the Array Management
Window (AMW).
14. From the Array Management Window, select Upgrade → EMM Firmware.
15. Click Select All to update all the attached expansion enclosures simultaneously.
16. Click Start.
21
Installing MD Storage Manager
3
The PowerVault MD Series resource media contains software and drivers for both Linux and Microsoft
Windows operating systems.
The root of the media contains a readme.txt file describing changes to the software, updates, fixes,
patches, and other important data applicable to both Linux and Windows operating systems. The
readme.txt file also specifies requirements for accessing documentation, information regarding versions
of the software on the media, and system requirements for running the software.
CAUTION: Do not install MD Storage Manager exclusively on a virtual disk that is being actively
managed by MD Storage Manager. Instead, install at least one instance of MD Storage Manager
on a local disk that is running SMagent and SMmonitor. Installing management software only on
a virtual disk may prevent access to recovery information in the event of multiple physical disk or
enclosure failures.
For more information on supported hardware and software for Dell PowerVault systems, see the Support
Matrix at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
NOTE: As a first step towards managing the array, always use MD Storage Resource DVD media to
update and install MD Storage Manager. For the latest updates and Support Matrix, see dell.com/
powervaultmanuals.
The PowerVault MD3860f Series storage firmware installer provides features that include the core
software and providers. The core software feature includes the host-based storage agent, multipath
driver, and MD Storage Manager application used to configure, manage and monitor the storage array
solution. The providers feature include providers for the Microsoft Virtual Disk Service (VDS) and
Microsoft Volume Shadow-Copy Service (VSS) framework.
NOTE: For more information about the Microsoft VDS and Microsoft VSS providers, see the
Administrator's Guide at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
NOTE: To install the software on a Windows or Linux system, you must have administrative or root
privileges.
NOTE: If Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is not used, initial configuration of the
management station must be performed on the same physical subnet as the storage array.
Additionally, during initial configuration, at least one network adapter must be configured on the
same IP subnet as the storage array’s default management port (Controller 0 MGMT (port 0) :
192.168.128.101 or Controller 1 MGMT (port 0): 192.168.128.102). After the initial configuration, the
management ports are configured using MD Storage Manager and the management station’s IP
address can be changed back to the previous settings.
NOTE: Only two management ports (Port 0) per array are supported. Second port on each
controller is reserved.
22
The PowerVault MD Series resource media offers the following installation methods:
•
Graphical Installation (Recommended) — This is the recommended installation procedure. The
installer presents a graphical wizard-driven interface that allows customization of components
installed.
•
Console Installation — This installation procedure is useful for Linux users who do not desire to install
an X-Window environment on their supported Linux platform.
•
Silent Installation — This installation procedure is useful if you prefer to create scripted installations.
Installing Host Bus Adapters And Drivers
1.
Install the host bus adapters (HBAs).
2.
Connect the cables.
3.
Install the HBA drivers and the operating system HBA patches/hotfixes.
4.
Ensure that the recommended HBA settings are applied.
Graphical Installation (Recommended)
The MD Storage Manager configures, manages, and monitors the storage array. To install the MD storage
manager:
1.
Insert the PowerVault MD Series resource media.
Depending on your operating system, the installer may launch automatically. If the installer does not
launch automatically, navigate to the root directory of the installation media (or downloaded installer
image) and run the md_launcher.exe file. For Linux-based systems, navigate to the root of the
resource media and run the autorun file.
NOTE: By default, Red Hat Enterprise Linux mounts the resource media with the –noexec
mount option which does not allow you to run executable files. To change this setting, see the
Readme file in the root directory of the installation media.
2.
Select Install MD Storage Software.
3.
Read and accept the license agreement.
4.
Select one of the following installation options from the Install Set menu:
•
Full (recommended) — Installs the MD Storage Manager (client) software, host-based storage
agent, multipath driver, and hardware providers.
•
Host Only — Installs the host-based storage agent and multipath drivers. See Installing MD
Storage Manager.
•
Management — Installs the management software and hardware providers.
•
Custom — Allows you to select specific components.
NOTE: If you install the MD Storage Manager on a management station that is not connected to
a network or server, only the Management Station option is available.
5.
Choose whether to start the event monitor service manually or automatically, when the host server
reboots.
NOTE: This option is applicable only to Windows client software installation.
6.
Confirm the installation location and click Install.
7.
If prompted, reboot the host server after the installation completes.
23
8.
Start MD Storage Manager and discover the array(s).
NOTE: If Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is not used on the network where the
PowerVault MD storage array’s management ports are connected, it is recommended that you
enable IPv6 on the management station to discover the storage array(s).
NOTE: If automatic discovery does not find the new array, use the manual option and provide
the default management ports IP addresses Controller 0 MGMT (port 0) : 192.168.128.101 or
Controller 1 MGMT (port 0): 192.168.128.102 using the same subnet or same VLAN for the MD
Storage Manager management station.
9.
If applicable, activate any premium features purchased with your storage array. If you purchased
premium features, see the printed activation card shipped with your storage array.
NOTE: The MD Storage Manager installer automatically installs the required drivers, firmware,
and operating system patches/hotfixes to operate your storage array. These drivers and
firmware are also available at dell.com/support. In addition, see the Support Matrix at dell.com/
powervaultmanuals for any additional settings and/or software required for your specific
storage array.
Console Installation
NOTE: Console installation only applies to Linux systems that are not running a graphical
environment.
The autorun script in the root of the resource media detects when there is no graphical environment
running and automatically starts the installer in a text‑based mode. This mode provides the same options
as graphical installation.
Silent Installation
Silent Installation On Windows
To run silent installation on a Windows system:
1.
Copy the custom_silent.properties file in the /windows folder of the installation media or image to a
writable location on the host server.
2.
Modify the custom_silent.properties file to reflect the features, models and installation options to be
used. Then, save the file.
3.
After the custom_silent.properties file is revised to reflect your specific installation, run the following
command to begin the silent installation:
mdss_install.exe –f <host_server_path>\ custom_silent.properties
Silent Installation On Linux
To run silent installation on a Linux system:
24
NOTE: On Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 operating systems, run the following script from the root
directory to install prerequisite packages:
# md_prereq_install.sh
1.
Copy the custom_silent.properties file in the /linux directory of the installation media or image to a
writable location on the host server.
2.
Modify the custom_silent.properties file to reflect the features, models and installation options to be
used. Then, save the file.
3.
After the custom_silent.properties file is revised, run the following command to begin the
installation:
./mdss_install.bin –f <host_server_path>/custom_silent.properties
Enabling Premium Features (Optional)
If you ordered premium features, follow the instructions on the Premium Features card to install the
additional features.
Upgrading PowerVault MD Storage Manager
To upgrade from a previous version of the PowerVault MD Storage Manager, uninstall the previous
version (see Uninstalling MD Storage Manager From Windows), and then follow the instructions in
Installing MD Storage Manager to install the new version.
25
Post Installation Tasks
4
Before using the Dell PowerVault storage array for the first time, complete these initial configuration tasks
in the order shown. These tasks are performed using the MD Storage Manager.
1.
For out-of-band management, you must set the network configuration for each RAID controller
module, including its Internet Protocol (IP) address, subnetwork mask (subnet mask), and gateway.
NOTE: You can set the network configuration using a DHCP server.
2.
3.
Launch MD Storage Manager.
•
Click Start → Programs → Dell → MD Storage Manager → Modular Disk Storage Manager Client
on Microsoft Windows operating systems.
•
Click the PowerVault MD Storage Manager desktop icon on Linux operating systems.
•
You can also launch PowerVault MD Storage Manager in Linux by running the following
commands at the command prompt:
cd /opt/dell/mdstoragesoftware/mdstoragemanager/client./SMclient
Go to Setup → Add Storage Array and start the automatic discovery of systems in the Enterprise
Management Window (EMW).
NOTE: Only storage arrays configured with IP address on the same subnet as the management
stations will be detected.
NOTE: It may take several minutes for the discovery process to complete. Closing the
Automatic Discovery Status window before this stops the discovery process.
After discovery is complete, a confirmation screen is displayed.
4.
Click Close.
Verifying Storage Array Discovery
The Automatic Discovery option automatically discovers both in-band and out-of-band arrays and adds
the storage arrays to the management domain. If the out-of-band or in-band connections shown on the
summary page are not accurate, complete the following steps. For more information, see the Online
Help.
1.
Check the hardware and connections for possible problems.
For specific procedures on troubleshooting interface problems, see the Dell PowerVault MD Series
Storage Arrays Owner's Manual at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
2.
Verify that the array is on the local subnetwork. If it is not, using MD Storage Manager, manually add
the storage array to the subnet.
3.
Verify that the status of each storage array is Optimal.
4.
If an array shows an Unresponsive status, complete one of the following steps:
•
26
To remove the array from the management domain, select the array, right-click and click
Remove → Storage Array.
•
To add an array, in the EMW, select Automatic Discovery.
NOTE: You can also add an array in the EMW using its known management ports IP
addresses.
Initial Setup Tasks
1.
The name of the first storage array found is displayed in the Devices tab of the EMW.
To see a list of all storage arrays found on the local network, expand Discovered Storage Arrays in
the Devices tab of the EMW.
2.
The default name for a newly installed PowerVault MD3860f series storage array is Unnamed. If
another name is displayed in MD Storage Manager, click the down arrow next to the name and click
Unnamed in the drop-down list and rename the array.
3.
Double-click on the discovered array to launch the array management window and make changes to
the configuration of the array.
4.
Click Perform Initial Setup Tasks to see an outline and links to the remaining post-installation tasks.
The array is now ready to be configured. See the Administrator's Guide at dell.com/
powervaultmanuals for information about each task and to perform the necessary configuration
steps. The following table lists the recommended configuration steps that can be accomplished in
MD Storage Manager.
NOTE: Before configuring the storage array, check the status icons on the Device pane to
ensure that the enclosures in the storage array are in an Optimal status. For more information
on the status icons, see the Owner’s Manual at dell.com/powervaultmanuals.
Task
Purpose
Rename the
storage array
To provide a more meaningful name than the software-assigned label,
Unnamed.
Set a storage array
password
To restrict unauthorized access. MD Storage Manager may ask for a password
before changing the configuration or performing a destructive operation.
Set up alert
notifications
To notify individuals (by e-mail) and/or storage enterprise management
consoles, such as Dell Management Console, (by SNMP) when a storage array
Set up e-mail alerts component degrades or fails, or an adverse environmental condition occurs.
Set up SNMP alerts
Configure a
storage array
To create virtual disks and map them to hosts.
27
Uninstalling MD Storage Manager
5
Uninstalling MD Storage Manager From Windows
To uninstall the Modular Disk Storage Manager from Microsoft Windows Server:
1.
Double-click Add or Remove Programs from the Control Panel.
2.
Select Dell MD Storage Software from the list of programs.
3.
Click Change/Remove.
The Uninstall Complete window is displayed.
4.
Follow the instructions on screen.
5.
Select Yes to restart the system, and then click Done.
Uninstall MD Storage Manager From Windows Server GUI
Version
To uninstall Modular Disk Storage Manager from Windows Server GUI versions:
1.
Double-click Programs → Programs and Features from the Control Panel.
The Uninstall or Change a Program window is displayed.
2.
Select MD Storage Software from the list of programs and right-click.
3.
Click Uninstall/Change.
The Uninstall Complete window is displayed.
4.
Follow the instructions on screen.
5.
Select Yes to restart the system, then click Done.
Uninstall MD Storage Manager From Windows Server
Core Versions
To uninstall PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager on Windows Server Core versions:
1.
Navigate to the Dell\MD Storage Software\Uninstall Dell MD Storage Software directory.
NOTE: By default, MD Storage Manager is installed in the \Program Files(x86)\Dell\MD Storage
Software directory. If another directory was used during installation, navigate to that directory
before beginning the uninstallation procedure.
2.
From the installation directory, type the following command and press <Enter>:
Uninstall Modular Disk Storage
3.
From the Uninstall window, click Next and follow the instructions on the screen.
4.
Select Yes to restart the system, then click Done.
28
Uninstalling MD Storage Manager From Linux
By default, PowerVault MD Storage Manager is installed in the /opt/dell/mdstoragemanager directory. If
another directory was used during installation, navigate to that directory before beginning the
uninstallation procedure.
1.
From the installation directory, open the Uninstall Dell MD Storage Software directory.
2.
Run the file Uninstall Dell MD Storage Software.exe.
3.
From the Uninstall window, click Next, and follow the instructions on the screen.
While the software is uninstalling, the Uninstall window is displayed. When the uninstall procedure is
complete, the Uninstall Complete window is displayed.
4.
Click Done.
29
Load Balancing
6
Load Balance Policy
Multi-path drivers select the I/O path to a virtual disk through a specific RAID controller module. When
the multi-path driver receives a new I/O to process, the driver tries to find a path to the current RAID
controller module that owns the virtual disk. If the path to the current RAID controller module that owns
the virtual disk cannot be found, the multi-path driver migrates the virtual disk ownership to the
secondary RAID controller module. When multiple paths to the RAID controller module that owns the
virtual disk exist, you can choose a load balance policy to determine which path is used to process I/O.
Multiple options for setting the load balance policies let you optimize I/O performance when mixed host
interfaces are configured.
NOTE: For more information on Load Balance Policy, see your operating system’s manual and
updates.
You can choose one of the following load balance policies to optimize I/O performance:
•
•
•
Round robin
Least queue depth
Least path weight (Microsoft Windows operating systems only)
Round Robin With Subset
The round robin with subset I/O load balance policy routes I/O requests, in rotation, to each available
data path to the RAID controller module that owns the virtual disks. This policy treats all paths to the RAID
controller module that owns the virtual disk equally for I/O activity. Paths to the secondary RAID
controller module are ignored until ownership changes. The basic assumption for the round-robin policy
is that the data paths are equal. With mixed host support, the data paths might have different bandwidths
or different data transfer speeds.
Least Queue Depth
The least queue depth policy is also known as the least I/Os or least requests policy. This policy routes
the next I/O request to a data path that has the least outstanding I/O requests queued. For this policy, an
I/O request is simply a command in the queue. The type of command or the number of blocks that are
associated with the command are not considered.
The least queue depth policy treats large block requests and small block requests equally. The data path
selected is one of the paths in the path group of the RAID controller module that owns the virtual disk.
Least Path Weight
The least path weight policy assigns a weight factor to each data path to a virtual disk. An I/O request is
routed to the path with the lowest weight value to the RAID controller module that owns the virtual disk.
30
If more than one data path to the virtual disk has the same weight value, the round robin with subset path
selection policy is used to route I/O requests between the paths with the same weight value. The least
path weight load balance policy is not supported on Linux operating systems.
Setting Load Balance Policies in Linux
Linux only supports round robin based load balancing. For more information, see Round Robin With
Subset.
Setting Load Balance Policies in VMware
VMware supports Asymmetric Logical Unit Access (ALUA). For more information on Most Recently Used
(MRU) and Round Robin (RR) load balancing policies, see VMware documents.
31
Appendix — Working With SFP Modules
And Fiber Optic Cables
7
Each storage controller can have up to four FC host ports. A small-form-factor pluggable (SFP) module is
used to connect a host port to a host or switch. The SFP module is inserted into the port, and then a fiber
optic cable is inserted into the SFP module. The other end of the fiber optic cable is connected to an
optical interface connector either in a FC HBA on a host or a switch. SFP modules are laser products.
WARNING: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links
with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. Never look into the end of
an optical fiber cable or open receptacle.
Guidelines For Using SFP Modules
The storage array requires SFP modules. SFP modules convert electrical signals to optical signals that are
required for FC transmission to and from RAID controller modules. After installing the SFP modules, fiber
optic cables are used to connect the storage array to other FC devices. Before installing SFP modules and
fiber optic cables, read the following information:
•
Use only Dell supported SFPs with the Dell PowerVault MD3860f series storage arrays. Other generic
SFPs are not supported and may not work with the storage arrays.
•
The SFP module housing has an integral guide key that is designed to ensure you insert the SFP
module correctly.
CAUTION: Use minimal pressure when inserting an SFP module into a FC port. Forcing the SFP
module into a port may damage the SFP module or the port.
•
You can install or remove the SFP module while the port is powered on.
•
You must install the SFP module into a port before you connect the fiber optic cable.
•
You must remove the fiber optic cable from the SFP module before you remove the SFP module from
the port.
CAUTION: When handling static-sensitive devices, take precautions to avoid damaging the
product from static electricity.
Installing SFP Modules
To install SFP modules:
1.
If all the FC IN ports have an SFP module installed, go to step 5.
2.
Remove the SFP module from the static protective package.
3.
Remove the protective cap from the SFP module and SFP port.
NOTE: Store the protective caps for future use.
4.
32
Insert the SFP module into the host port until it clicks into place.
5.
Connect an FC cable. See Installing Fibre Channel Cables.
Figure 7. Installing and Removing an SFP Module
1.
FC IN slot (4)
2.
SFP+ transceiver
3.
fibre optic cable
4.
gate
Removing SFP Modules
To remove SFP modules:
1.
Remove the FC cable from the SFP module. See Removing Fibre Channel Cables.
NOTE: To avoid damaging the cable or the SFP module, disconnect the FC cable before
removing the SFP module.
2.
Unlock the SFP module latch. For SFP modules that contain wire tabs, unlock the SFP module latch
by pulling the wire latch outward.
3.
With the SFP module latch in the unlocked position, remove the SFP module. For SFP modules that
contain wire tabs, grasp the wire latch and pull the SFP module out of the port.
4.
Replace the protective cap on the SFP module and the host port.
5.
Place the SFP module into a static-protective package.
Guidelines For Using Fibre Optic Cables
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not route the cable along a folding cable management arm.
For devices on slide rails, leave enough slack in the cables so they do not bend to a diameter of less
than 76 mm (3 inch), or a radius less than 38 mm (1.5 inch), when extended or become pinched when
retracted.
Route the cable away from places where it can be damaged by other devices in the rack cabinet.
Do not use plastic cable ties in place of the provided cable straps.
Do not over-tighten the cable straps or bend the cables to a diameter of less than 76 mm (3 inch) or a
radius less than 38 mm (1.5 inch).
Do not place excess weight on the cable at the connection point. Ensure that the cable is well
supported.
33
Installing Fibre Channel Cables
WARNING: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links
with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. Never look into the end of
an optical fiber cable or open receptacle.
Before installing an FC cable, see Guidelines For Using Fibre Optic Cables.
To install an FC cable:
1.
If applicable, remove the protective cap from the SFP module and store the protective cap for future
use.
2.
Remove the two protective caps from one end of the cable and store them for future use.
3.
Insert the cable into an SFP module that is installed in the storage array. The cable connector is
keyed for correct installation. Holding the connector, push in the cable until it clicks into place.
4.
Remove the two protective caps from the other end of the cable and store them future use.
5.
Connect this end of the cable to one of the following devices:
•
An SFP module that is installed in an FC switch port
•
An FC HBA port
Removing Fibre Channel Cables
To remove an FC cable:
1.
Press and hold the lever to release the latches before removing the cable from the SFP module.
Ensure that the levers are in the released position when removing the cable. Do not grasp the SFP
module plastic tab when removing the cable.
2.
On the end of the cable that connects into the SFP module or HBA, press down and hold the lever to
release the latches.
3.
While pressing down the cable lever, pull the connector to remove the cable from the SFP module.
4.
Replace the protective caps on the cable ends.
5.
Replace the protective cap on the SFP module.
34
Appendix — Hardware Cabling Best
Practices
8
Handling Static Sensitive Components
Static electricity can damage memory modules, system boards, and other static-sensitive components.
To prevent damaging the system, follow these precautions:
•
Move and store all components in the static-protective packaging.
•
Place components on a grounded surface before removing them from their static-protective
packaging.
•
Grounded surfaces include static-dissipating mats or grounded workstations.
•
Always be properly grounded when touching a static-sensitive component. To properly ground
yourself, wear a wrist strap or boot strap made for this purpose.
•
Handle the component by its edges. Do not touch solder joints, pins, or printed circuitry.
•
Use conductive field service tools.
Host Cabling For Remote Replication
The Remote Replication premium feature provides online, real-time replication of data between storage
arrays over a remote distance. In the event of a disaster or a catastrophic failure at one storage array, a
second storage array can be promoted to take over responsibility for computing services. The Remote
Replication premium feature requires a dedicated host port for replicating data between storage arrays.
After the Remote Replication premium feature has been activated, one host I/O port on each RAID
controller module is solely dedicated to replicating operations.
NOTE: If Remote Replication is activated, host port 3 on each RAID controller module is dedicated
for the communication that occurs between the two storage arrays (primary and secondary virtual
disks). If the Remote Replication premium feature is not being used, these host ports are available
for ordinary host connections.
Cabling For Performance
Data transfer performance is enhanced by maximizing bandwidth, which is the ability to process more
I/O across more channels. Therefore, a configuration that maximizes the number of host channels and
the number of drive channels available to process I/O, maximizes performance. Faster processing speeds
also maximize performance.
In addition to planning a topology that provides maximum performance, choose a RAID level that suits
the planned applications.
35
Labeling Cables
Cabling is an important part of creating a robust storage array. Labeling the cables identifies system
components and drive channels. System maintenance is easier when the cables are correctly identified.
Label both ends of each cable. You can use adhesive office labels that are folded in half over the ends of
each cable. Mark the labels with the port identifiers to which the cable is connected. Additional
information can be provided by using color-coded cable straps (or ties) to group all cables associated
with one component or drive channel.
If a component fails, the cables must be disconnected, the failed component replaced, and the cables
reattached. Detailed labeling of the cables simplifies the component replacement process.
If you are adding a new expansion enclosure to an existing configuration, correctly labeled cables help
identify where to connect the new enclosure.
36