Siemens SITRANS LR 300 Instruction manual

Instruction Manual
July 2002
SITRANS LR 300
SITRANS LR 300
Safety Guidelines
Warning notices must be observed to ensure personal safety as well as that of others, and to
protect the product and the connected equipment. These warning notices are accompanied
by a clarification of the level of caution to be observed.
Qualified Personnel
This device/system may only be set up and operated in conjunction with this manual.
Qualified personnel are only authorized to install and operate this equipment in accordance
with established safety practices and standards.
Warning: This product can only function properly and safely if it is correctly transported,
stored, installed, set up, operated, and maintained.
Note: Always use product in accordance with specifications.
Copyright Siemens Milltronics Process
Instruments Inc. 2002. All Rights Reserved
Disclaimer of Liability
This document is available in bound version and in
electronic version. We encourage users to
purchase authorized bound manuals, or to view
electronic versions as designed and authored by
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc. will
not be responsible for the contents of partial or
whole reproductions of either bound or electronic
versions.
While we have verified the contents of
this manual for agreement with the
instrumentation described, variations
remain possible. Thus we cannot
guarantee full agreement. The
contents of this manual are regularly
reviewed and corrections are included
in subsequent editions. We welcome
all suggestions for improvement.
Technical data subject to change.
MILLTRONICS®is a registered trademark of Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
Contact SMPI Technical Publications at the following address:
Technical Publications
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
1954 Technology Drive, P.O. Box 4225
Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, K9J 7B1
Email: techpubs@siemens-milltronics.com
For the library of SMPI instruction manuals, visit our Web site: www.siemens-milltronics.com
© Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc. 2002
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 1 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Table of Contents
Specifications ...................................................................................................................... 7
Installation ......................................................................................................................... 13
Mounting Location ................................................................................................................................13
Beam Spreading ..........................................................................................................................14
Polarization Effect .......................................................................................................................14
False Reflections .........................................................................................................................14
Dimensions: SITRANS LR 300 with Rod Antenna .........................................................................15
Dimensions: Threaded Rod ................................................................................................................17
Dimensions: Shielded Rod ..................................................................................................................18
Dimensions: Horn ..................................................................................................................................19
Dimensions: Waveguide ......................................................................................................................20
Dimensions: Sliding Waveguide Configuration .............................................................................21
Dimensions: Sanitary Horn .................................................................................................................23
Dimensions: Sanitary Rod ...................................................................................................................24
Dimensions: Flanges ............................................................................................................................25
Mounting .................................................................................................................................................27
Rod Assembly ...............................................................................................................................28
Rod Extension Requirements ...................................................................................................28
Mounting: Rod Assembly ..........................................................................................................28
Mounting: Threaded Rod Antenna .........................................................................................29
Mounting: Manhole Covers ......................................................................................................29
Mounting: Horn Antennas or Shielded Rod .........................................................................30
Mounting: Waveguide Antenna .............................................................................................30
Mounting: Stillpipe or Sidepipe ...............................................................................................31
Mounting: Horn with Waveguide Extensions ......................................................................32
Mounting: Sanitary Rod Antenna ............................................................................................32
Interconnection .................................................................................................................33
SITRANS LR 300 Terminal Block .............................................................................................33
SITRANS LR 300 Wiring .............................................................................................................34
Communications Installation ..............................................................................................................35
Wiring Guidelines ........................................................................................................................35
Port 1: RS-485 ...............................................................................................................................35
PC Connection ..............................................................................................................................36
Port Configuration .......................................................................................................................36
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The Manual ...............................................................................................................................................5
SITRANS LR 300 ......................................................................................................................................6
SITRANS LR 300 Communications ............................................................................................6
SITRANS LR 300 Applications ....................................................................................................6
SITRANS LR 300 Approvals and Certificates .........................................................................6
Table of Contents
General Information ........................................................................................................... 5
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Table of Contents
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Start Up ...............................................................................................................................37
Overview ..................................................................................................................................................37
RUN Mode Display .....................................................................................................................37
PROGRAM Mode Display ........................................................................................................37
Programming ................................................................................................................................38
Dolphin Plus, Simatic PDM, HART Master, or Profibus Master ......................................38
Hand Programmer .......................................................................................................................39
Local Programming .....................................................................................................................39
Accessing PROGRAM Mode ....................................................................................................41
Accessing a Parameter ..............................................................................................................41
Modifying a Parameter Value ...................................................................................................42
Accessing RUN Mode ................................................................................................................43
Quick Start Programming ......................................................................................................... 43
Operation ............................................................................................................................45
Overview ..................................................................................................................................................45
Transceiver ..............................................................................................................................................45
Loss of Echo (LOE) .................................................................................................................................46
Blanking or Auto False Echo Suppression .....................................................................................46
Typical Receiver Signal ...........................................................................................................46
Analog Output ........................................................................................................................................47
Programming ..........................................................................................................................................47
Run ..................................................................................................................................................47
Volume ............................................................................................................................................47
Fail-Safe .........................................................................................................................................47
RUN/PROGRAM ...........................................................................................................................48
Application Examples ......................................................................................................49
Application Example: Asphalt in Storage Tank ....................................................................49
Application Example: Horizontal Tank with Volume ...........................................................50
Application Example: Juice Batch Tank with Sanitary Horn Antenna ...........................51
Application Example: Sliding Waveguide on Anaerobic Digesters ................................52
Application Example: Stillpipe or By-pass Pipe ...................................................................53
Parameter Descriptions ...................................................................................................55
Quick Start Parameters (P001 to P007) ..........................................................................................56
Volume Parameters (P050 to P055) ................................................................................................58
Display and Reading Parameters (P060 to P063) ........................................................................62
Fail-Safe Parameters (P070 to P072) ..............................................................................................63
mA Output Parameters (P201 to P219) ...........................................................................................64
Independent mA Setpoint Parameters (P210 and P211) ...........................................................64
Installation Records Parameters (P340 to P346) .........................................................................66
Range Calibration Parameter (P655) ..............................................................................................68
Rate Parameters (P700 and P701) ..................................................................................................69
Measurement Verification Parameters (P709 to P713) .............................................................70
Communications Parameters (P750 and P752) ............................................................................72
Serial Communication Parameters (P770 to P799) .....................................................................72
Echo Processing Parameters (P800 to P807) ...............................................................................74
Algorithm Parameter (P820) .............................................................................................................76
TVT (Time Varying Threshold) Adjustment Parameters (P830 to P841) ................................76
Test Parameters (P900 to P999) ......................................................................................................80
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Communications: Modbus Register Map ....................................................................83
Numeric Values .....................................................................................................................................87
Split Values .............................................................................................................................................87
Text Messages .......................................................................................................................................88
Error Handling ...................................................................................................................89
Modbus Responses ..............................................................................................................................89
Error Handling ........................................................................................................................................89
Troubleshooting .................................................................................................................91
Communication Troubleshooting ......................................................................................................91
Generally: .......................................................................................................................................91
Specifically: ...................................................................................................................................91
Operation Troubleshooting .................................................................................................................92
Maintenance ......................................................................................................................93
Appendix I ..........................................................................................................................95
Alphabetical Parameter List ...............................................................................................................95
Appendix II .........................................................................................................................98
Programming Chart ...............................................................................................................................98
Appendix III ...................................................................................................................... 101
Ambient/Operating Temperature Specification ...........................................................................101
Appendix IV ...................................................................................................................... 102
Process Pressure/Temperature de-Rating ................................................................................... 102
Rod Antenna ANSI Hole Pattern, 150#, .............................................................................. 102
Rod Antenna DN Hole Pattern, PN16, ................................................................................ 103
Rod Antenna Threaded Connection .................................................................................... 103
Rod Antenna Sanitary Connection ...................................................................................... 104
Horn Antenna or Wave Guide – ANSI Hole Pattern, 150# ............................................. 104
Horn Antenna or Wave Guide DN Hole Pattern, PN16 ................................................... 105
Horn Antenna Sanitary Connection .................................................................................... 105
Appendix V ....................................................................................................................... 107
Typical Power Consumption ............................................................................................................ 107
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Communications: Data Types .........................................................................................87
Table of Contents
Product ID (R40,064) ..............................................................................................................................83
Point Data (R41,010 – R41,031) ............................................................................................................84
Input/Output ............................................................................................................................................84
mA Output (R41,110) .....................................................................................................................84
Parameter Access (R43,997 – R46,999) ............................................................................................84
Format Word (R43,997) .........................................................................................................................85
Primary Index (R43,999) and Secondary Index (R43,998) ............................................................86
Reading Parameters ...................................................................................................................86
Writing Parameters .....................................................................................................................86
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Table of Contents
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Appendix VI ...................................................................................................................... 108
HART Communications for the SITRANS LR 300 ....................................................................... 108
HART Device Descriptor (DD) ............................................................................................... 108
Simatic Process Device Manager (PDM): ......................................................................... 108
HART Communicator 275: ....................................................................................................... 109
Supported HART Commands: ..............................................................................................113
Appendix VII: Profibus PA ............................................................................................. 114
Profibus PA Communications for the SITRANS LR 300 .............................................................114
Device Descriptor ......................................................................................................................114
The GSD file ................................................................................................................................114
Bus address (Device Address) ...............................................................................................114
Bus Termination .........................................................................................................................115
Power Demands ........................................................................................................................115
Cyclic versus Acyclic Data ......................................................................................................115
Cyclic Data ..................................................................................................................................115
Status Word ................................................................................................................................117
Diagnostics .................................................................................................................................118
Acyclic Data ................................................................................................................................118
Configuration Example: ............................................................................................................118
Profibus Level Device Design ...........................................................................................................119
Profile 3.0 Class A Design .......................................................................................................119
Block Model .............................................................................................................................119
Transducer Block - Level .........................................................................................................120
Parameter Structure .................................................................................................................121
Sensor Value ............................................................................................................................121
Sensor Unit ...............................................................................................................................121
Level, Primary Value ...............................................................................................................121
Level, Primary Value Unit ......................................................................................................121
Sensor Reference Point ........................................................................................................121
Function Blocks – Analog Input .............................................................................................122
Linear conversion: ..................................................................................................................122
Device Management ................................................................................................................123
Directory................................................................................................................................... 123
Physical Block 1 ......................................................................................................................124
Transducer Block 1 .................................................................................................................125
Function Block 1 - Level ........................................................................................................129
Function Block 2 - Space ......................................................................................................130
Function Block 3 - Distance ..................................................................................................131
Function Block 4 - Volume ....................................................................................................131
Appendix VIII: hazardous area installations ............................................................. 132
Instructions specific to hazardous area installations ................................................................132
(Reference European ATEX Directive 94/9/EC, Annex II, 1/0/6) ...............................................132
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General Information
The Manual
Refer to this manual for proper installation, operation, and maintenance of your
IQ Radar 300. The margin tabs denote the sections, and each section presents
SITRANS LR 300 features.
Special attention must be paid to warnings and notes highlighted from the rest of the text
by grey boxes.
manual.
Installation:
Installing the SITRANS LR 300.
Interconnection:
SITRANS LR 300 interconnection instructions.
Start-up:
Operating the keypad, programming the unit, and reading the
display.
Operation:
SITRANS LR 300 operating instructions.
Applications:
Application examples and practical use.
Parameters:
Available parameters and a description of function and use.
Please read this section and familiarize yourself with the
parameters available to you, to fully optimize your instrument.
Communications: Configure communication settings.
Troubleshooting:
Responses to common installation and application problems.
Appendices:
An alphabetical cross-reference of the parameters and their
numbers, a record sheet for jotting down parameter values,
Ambient/Operating Temperature Specifications, Process
Pressure/Temperature de-Rating charts, Typical Power
Consumption charts, detailed information on HART
Communications for the SITRANS LR 300, and on Profibus PA
Communications for the SITRANS LR 300.
IMPORTANT: All specifications are subject to change without notice.
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Note: means important information about the product or that part of the operating
General Information
WARNING means that failure to observe the necessary precautions
can result in death, serious injury, and/or considerable material
damage.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 6 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
SITRANS LR 300
The SITRANS LR 300 is to be used only in the manner outlined in this manual, otherwise
protection provided by the equipment may be impaired.
SITRANS LR 300 is a versatile process level-monitoring instrument using advanced pulse
radar techniques. The unit consists of an electronic component coupled to the antenna
and process connection.
SITRANS LR 300 Communications
General Information
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The standard SITRANS LR 300 supports Modbus1 or Dolphin protocol, and HART2 or
Profibus PA.
230 Ω
SITRANS
LR 300
HART
Communicator
or HART
modem
PC/Laptop
Dolphin Plus
Dolphin is a proprietary Siemens Milltronics protocol designed to be used with Dolphin
Plus. For more information on Dolphin Plus or to obtain a copy of the software, please
contact your Siemens Milltronics representative.
SITRANS LR 300 Applications
•
•
•
liquids, slurries
process temperatures up to 200°C
vacuum and pressurized vessels
WARNING: This product is designated as a Pressure Accessory per
Directive 97/ 23 / EC and is not intended for use as a safety device.
WARNING: Materials of construction are chosen based on their
chemical compatibility (or inertness) for general purposes. For
exposure to specific environments, check with chemical
compatibility charts before installing.
SITRANS LR 300 Approvals and Certificates
•
•
general and radio
hazardous
Note: See Approvals on page 10 for an approvals listing.
1.
Modbus is a registered trademark of Groupe Schneider.
2.
HART is a registered trademark of the HART Communications Foundation.
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SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
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Specifications
SITRANS LR 300
Power
• 24–230 Vac, +15%, 40–70Hz, 28 VA (11W)
or
• 24–230 Vdc, +15%, (9W)
Notes:
• Safety feature limits the inrush current during start up.
• This instrument features a universal power supply. AC or DC voltage may be applied
to the same terminals.
• Power consumption will vary according to voltage. Please see Appendix V, Typical
Power Consumption, on page 107.
• FU1 & FU2, Fast Acting Ceramic Bussmann ABC fuse, 1 Amp. 250V.
Interface
• analog output:
• serial interface1:
• programmer link:
• display (local):
• HART:
optically-isolated 4–20 mA into 450 Ω max. ± 0.02 mA
accuracy
isolated2 RS-485 (refer to RS-485 specifications)
infrared receiver (refer to Programmer specifications on
page 10)
backlit, alphanumeric, and multi-graphic liquid crystal for
readout and entry
optional Profibus PA
1.
This port is used to communicate through Modbus or Dolphin Plus.
2.
Although the RS-485 is isolated, its inputs are electrically clamped to earth ground: see
page 35 for more detail.
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Fuse
Specifications
Normal start up takes about 2 seconds to power up the unit. If something (such as
hesitation in plugging in the unit) causes a rapid power fluctuation, the unit will shut
down for 10 seconds to ensure the inrush current will not exceed specified limits.
Specifications.fm Page 8 Monday, July 22, 2002 3:28 PM
Performance1
• frequency:
• accuracy at 20° C:
• temperature drift:
• measuring range:
• repeatability:
• Fail-Safe:
5.8 GHz (U.S.A. 6.3 GHz)
±15mm from 0.4m to 10m
± 0.15% from 10m to 20m
<±0.25% of range from –40 to 60° C ( –40 to 140° F)
0.4m to 20m (minimum range may be extended or
maximum range reduced, depending on the specific
antenna system installed)
± 2mm for range < 3m
± 3mm for range < 5m
± 5mm for range < 10m
± 10mm for range < 20m
mA and “reading” programmable high, low, or hold, upon
Loss of Echo (LOE) condition
Mechanical
Process Connections: (Please refer to Appendix IV on page 102 for pressure/
temperature limitations.)
Specifications
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• flat-faced flanges:
• threaded connection:
• sanitary connection:
316 stainless steel
ANSI #150/#300 2", 3", 4", 6", 8"
DIN PN16/PN25/PN40 50mm, 80mm, 100mm, 150mm,
200mm
JIS 10K 50mm, 80mm, 100mm, 150mm, 200mm
316 stainless steel, 1-1/2” or 2”
NPT, BSP, or G
316 stainless steel, 2”,3”,or 4” tri-clamp
Antennas:
• dielectric rod:
• horn:
• waveguide:
Teflon 2 (PTFE)
length 41cm (16.3”), including integral gasket
316 stainless steel
diameters 100mm (4”), 150mm (6”), 200mm (8”)
emitter cone, PTFE
waveguide extensions optional
316 stainless steel
emitter cone PTFE
WARNING: This product is designated as a Pressure Accessory per
Directive 97/ 23 / EC and is not intended for use as a safety device.
Note: See Appendix III, Ambient/Operating Temperature Specification on page 101,
and Approvals on page 10, for the specific configuration you are about to use or install.
1.
Reference conditions.
2.
Teflon is a registered trademark of Du Pont.
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Sanitary Antennas (FDA approved materials):
• dielectric rod:
one piece UHMW-PE; optional PTFE
2”,3”,4” tri-clamp connection
304 stainless steel
horn with integral 4” tri-clamp connection
PTFE emitter
• horn:
Enclosure (electronic):
• construction:
• conduit:
• ingress protection:
aluminum, epoxy-coated; or 316 stainless steel
2 x 1/2" NPT or M 20 x 1.5 entry
Type 4X / NEMA 4X, Type 6 / NEMA 6, IP 67: (see note
below)
Weight:
• 7.5 kg (16.5 lb) with 2"/150 psi flange (aluminum); 13.6 kg (30 lb) stainless steel
• weight will vary with flange size and rating
Environmental:
indoor/outdoor
2000m max.
−40 to 60° C (−40 to 140° F)1
suitable for outdoor
II
4
WARNING: Materials of construction are chosen based on their
chemical compatibility (or inertness) for general purposes. For
exposure to specific environments, check with chemical
compatibility charts before installing.
Notes:
• See Appendix III, Ambient/Operating Temperature Specification on page 101,
and Approvals on page 10, for the specific configuration you are about to use or
install.
• The use of approved watertight hubs/glands is required for Type 4X / NEMA 4X, Type
6 / NEMA 6, IP 67 (outdoor applications).
1.
See Appendix III (Ambient/Operating Temperature Specification) on page 101, and
Approvals on page 10
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location:
altitude:
ambient temperature:
relative humidity:
installation category:
pollution degree:
Specifications
•
•
•
•
•
•
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 10 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Process
• material dielectric:
• temperature:
• pressure (vessel):
εr > 1.8
for εr < 3, you should use a waveguide antenna or stillpipe
(see Mounting: Waveguide Antenna on page 30 , or
Mounting: Stillpipe or Sidepipe on page 31)
UHMW-PE −40 to 80°C (−40 to 176°F)
PTFE −40 to 200°C (−40 to 392°F)1
dependent on process connection type and temperature
(refer to Appendix IV on page 102 for charts, or obtain
the reference drawing listed on the device process tag)
WARNING: This product is designated as a Pressure Accessory per
Directive 97/ 23 / EC and is not intended for use as a safety device.
• General:
CSA US/C, FM, CE, 3A Sanitary
• Radio:
Europe, Industry Canada, FCC
• Hazardous:
Europe;
EEx de IIC T6
ATEX II 1/2G, EEx de IIC T6 or EEx d IIC T6
U.S.;
Class I, Div. 1, Gr. A,B,C,D (Class I, Zone 1, IIC T6)
Class II, Div. 1, Gr. E,F,G
Class III
Canada;
Class I, Div. 1, Gr. A,B,C,D (Class I, Zone 1, IIC T6)
Class II, Div. 1, Gr. E,F,G
Class III
Specifications
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Approvals (verify against device nameplate)
Notes:
• See Appendix III, Ambient/Operating Temperature Specification, on page 101, and
Approvals on this page, for the specific configuration you are about to use or install.
• For instructions relating to ATEX-approved instruments, please see Appendix VIII:
hazardous area installations on page 132.
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Programmer (remote keypad)
Intrinsically Safe Programmer (I.S.) Model for hazardous locations: (battery is nonreplaceable)
•
•
•
•
•
•
approval:
ambient temperature:
interface:
power:
weight:
color:
EEx ia IIC T4, SIRA certificate Ex002030
−20 to 40° C (−5 to 104° F)
proprietary infrared pulse signal
3V lithium battery
150g (0.3 lb)
black
Note: See Appendix III, Ambient/Operating Temperature Specification, on page 101,
and Approvals on page 10, for the specific configuration you are about to use or install.
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
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Specifications
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Specifications
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Installation
Notes:
• Installation shall only be performed by qualified personnel and in accordance with
local governing regulations.
• This product is susceptible to electrostatic shock. Follow proper grounding
procedures.
• Do not use a Ground Fault Interrupt (G.F.I.) with the SITRANS LR 300. The ground path
is used for filtering purposes in conjunction with the universal power supply.
WARNING: This product is designated as a Pressure Accessory per
Directive 97/ 23 / EC and is not intended for use as a safety device.
WARNING: Improper installation may result in loss of process
pressure.
Mounting Location
•
Do not mount in direct sunlight without the use of a sun shield. Refer to Appendix III,
Ambient/Operating Temperature Specification, on page 101 .
Note: Avoid mounting the unit at the centre: there is a greater likelihood of false
readings.
Fl
at
Conical
preferred
Parabolic
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
undesirable
Page 13
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Installation
Flat
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 14 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Beam Spreading
Keepothe emission
cone (12o,
20 or 28o, depending on
configuration), free of
obstructions.
Due to the polarization effect of
the microwave signal related to
the wall of the vessel, we
recommend locating the
SITRANS LR 300 a minimum of
30cm (1’) away from the sidewall
for every 3m (10’) of vessel
(100mm [4”] horn antenna)
(rod antenna or 150mm [6”]
horn antenna)
(200mm [8”] horn antenna)
Polarization Effect
Mounting the unit too close to a wall may cause echoes to disappear at specific levels
due to wave cancellation. A strong false reflection from an internal tank obstruction can
be reduced or eliminated by rotating the unit to reduce this polarization effect.
Installation
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False Reflections
Flat obstructions and struts perpendicular to the emission cone cause large false
reflections. They reflect the radar signal with high amplitude. Round profile interfering
surfaces diffuse reflections of the radar signals and cause false reflections with low
amplitude.
Minimize false reflections first by rotating the instrument for best signal (lowest false
echo amplitude). Then use the TVT shaper parameters (P831, 832, 837 and 838) to prevent
false echo detection.
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Dimensions: SITRANS LR 300 with Rod Antenna
64mm
(2.5")
239mm
(9.4")
earth
connection
136mm
(5.4")
75mm
(3.0")
enclosure/
electronics
245mm
(9.6")
60mm183mm
(2.36")
(7.2")
process
device tag
flange
100mm (4.0")
antenna
(rod)
412 mm **
(16.3")
Flange thickness 25mm (1") nominal.
Standard length, 50mm and 100mm (2” and 4") extensions available.
Note: Please see next page for notes on process temperature and pressure
capabilities, as well as enclosure recommendations.
WARNING: The user is responsible for the selection of bolting and
gasket materials which will fall within the limits of the flange and
its intended use and which are suitable for the service conditions.
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Page 15
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Installation
*
**
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 16 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Notes:
• Process temperature and pressure capabilities are dependent upon information on
the process device tag. Reference drawing listed on the tag is available upon
request.
• For information on temperature and pressure ratings, see Appendix IV on page 102.
• The use of approved watertight hubs/glands is required for Type 4X / NEMA 4X, Type
6 / NEMA 6, IP 67 (outdoor applications)
Installation
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• The Process Device Tag shall remain with the process pressure boundary assembly.
In the event the instrument package is replaced, the Process Device Tag shall be
transferred to the replacement unit.
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Dimensions: Threaded Rod
process device
tag
412 mm
(16.3")
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Page 17
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• The use of Teflon tape or other appropriate sealant may be used to aid in sealing
tapered threaded connections for use in pressure applications.
• Process temperature and pressure capabilities are dependent upon information on
the process device tag. Reference drawing listed on the tag is available upon
request.
• The Process Device Tag shall remain with the process pressure boundary assembly.
In the event the instrument package is replaced, the Process Device Tag shall be
transferred to the replacement unit.
Installation
Notes:
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 18 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Dimensions: Shielded Rod
process device tag
antenna shield
(inactive length
S.L.
active antenna
L.
Installation
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Shield Length S.L. = min. 100 mm (3.9")
[customer specified]
Overall Length L = 374 mm (14.7")
+ shielded length
Notes:
• The use of Teflon tape or other appropriate sealant may be used to aid in sealing
tapered threaded connections for use in pressure applications.
• Process temperature and pressure capabilities are dependent upon information on
the process device tag. Reference drawing listed on the tag is available upon
request.
• The Process Device Tag shall remain with the process pressure boundary assembly.
In the event the instrument package is replaced, the Process Device Tag shall be
transferred to the replacement unit.
Page 18
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 19 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Dimensions: Horn
Ø 80mm
(3")
horn
100mm
(4")
150 mm
(6")
200 mm
(8")
enclosure/
electronics
Nominal
Horn
Size
Horn
O.D.
Horn
Height
Beam
Angle
process
device tag
100mm
(4”)
95.3mm
(3.75”)
131.0mm
(5.16”)
28
degrees
flange
150mm 146.0mm
(6”)
(5.75”)
225.8mm
(8.89”)
20
degrees
200mm 199.4mm
(8”)
(7.85”)
325.1mm
(12.8”)
12
degrees
131mm
(5.16")
225.8mm
(8.89")
325.1mm
(12.8")
Notes:
• Signal amplitude increases with
horn diameter, so use the largest
practical size.
• Optional waveguide extensions
and/or purging system * can be
installed between the flange and
the antenna.
∗
A purging system is an option available for this antenna type. This provides an inlet on
the flange where cooling air or cleaning fluid may be supplied. The air or liquid passes
through the flange and exits the inside of the horn to clean the antenna system.
Notes:
WARNING: The user is responsible for the selection of bolting and
gasket materials which will fall within the limits of the flange and
its intended use and which are suitable for the service conditions.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 19
mmmmm
• The Process Device Tag shall remain with the process pressure boundary assembly.
In the event the instrument package is replaced, the Process Device Tag shall be
transferred to the replacement unit.
Installation
• Process temperature and pressure capabilities are dependent upon information on
the process device tag. Reference drawing listed on the tag is available upon
request.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 20 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Dimensions: Waveguide
process device tag
41.4mm
(1.69”)
variable min: 100mm (4.08”)
max: 3000mm (122.5")
waveguide
76.2mm
(3.0”)
Installation
mmmmm
Notes:
• You can connect a maximum of two waveguides together.
• This option is recommended only for clean liquids on vessels without agitators or
turbulence.
• Horizontal stress on this antenna must be avoided, otherwise mechanical support
may be required.
• Process temperature and pressure capabilities are dependent upon information on
the process device tag. Reference drawing listed on the tag is available upon
request.
• The Process Device Tag shall remain with the process pressure boundary assembly.
In the event the instrument package is replaced, the Process Device Tag shall be
transferred to the replacement unit.
WARNING: The user is responsible for the selection of bolting and
gasket materials which will fall within the limits of the flange and
its intended use and which are suitable for the service conditions.
Page 20
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 21 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Dimensions: Sliding Waveguide Configuration
Process
Device Tag
Sliding Flange
(See Flange Table
on page 26.)
Note:
1000 mm (40.8")
Always clamp the
instrument in the
same position for
operation: (see
P006 on page 57).
131 mm
(5.16")
100 mm
(4")
200 mm
(8")
Note: Please see next page for notes on process temperature and pressure
capabilities, as well as enclosure recommendations.
WARNING: The user is responsible for the selection of bolting and
gasket materials which will fall within the limits of the flange and
its intended use and which are suitable for the service conditions.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 21
mmmmm
Installation
150 mm
(6")
225 mm
(8.89")
325 mm
(12.8")
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 22 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Notes:
• Maximum pressure 0.5 bar at 60° C (140° F) for sliding flange option.
• Process temperature and pressure capabilities are dependent upon information on
the process device tag. Reference drawing listed on the tag is available upon
request.
Installation
mmmmm
• The Process Device Tag shall remain with the process pressure boundary assembly.
In the event the instrument package is replaced, the Process Device Tag shall be
transferred to the replacement unit.
Page 22
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 23 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Dimensions: Sanitary Horn
Materials Standard Optional
Horn
Ferrule
Clamp
Gasket
SS 304
SS 304
SS 304
PTFE
SS 316
Process Device Tag
50mm (2”) Clamp (supplied)
232mm
(9.13”)
Horn
100mm (4”) Clamp (optional)
Gasket (optional)
Ferrule (optional
Notes:
WARNING: Improper installation may result in loss of process
pressure.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 23
mmmmm
• The Process Device Tag shall remain with the process pressure boundary assembly.
In the event the instrument package is replaced, the Process Device Tag shall be
transferred to the replacement unit.
Installation
• Process temperature and pressure capabilities are dependent upon information on
the process device tag. Reference drawing listed on the tag is available upon
request.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 24 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Dimensions: Sanitary Rod
Process Device Tag
2”,3”,or 4” Tri-clamp with integral
gasket
Ferrule (optional)
Materials: SS304 standard
SS316 optional
Clamp (optional)
406mm (16”)
Installation
mmmmm
nominal
Notes:
• Process temperature and pressure capabilities are dependent upon information on
the process device tag. Reference drawing listed on the tag is available upon
request.
• The Process Device Tag shall remain with the process pressure boundary assembly.
In the event the instrument package is replaced, the Process Device Tag shall be
transferred to the replacement unit.
WARNING: Improper installation may result in loss of process
pressure.
Page 24
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 25 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Dimensions: Flanges
Bolt hole Ø
Enclosure
mounting holes
(threaded)
Flange O.D.
20mm (0.8”), nominal
Horn/Waveguide
mounting holes
(threaded)
Bolt hole
circle Ø
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 25
mmmmm
See chart on page 26 for further details on flange sizes.
Installation
Process Side
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 26 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Installation
mmmmm
Pipe size
Flange Size Flange O.D.
Bolt Hole
Circle Ø
Bolt Hole
Ø
Number
of Bolts
2”
ANSI 150#
6.0”
4.75”
.7”
4
3”
ANSI 150#
7.5”
6.0”
.75”
4
4”
ANSI 150#
9.0”
7.50”
.75”
8
6”
ANSI 150#
11.0”
9.50”
.88”
8
8”
ANSI 150#
13.5”
11.75”
.88”
8
2”
ANSI 300#**
6.50”
5.00”
.75”
4**
3”
ANSI 300#
8.25”
6.62”
.88”
8
4”
ANSI 300#
10.00”
7.88”
.88”
8
6”
ANSI 300#
12.50”
10.62”
.88”
12
8”
ANSI 300#
15.00”
13.00”
1.00”
12
50mm
DIN PN 16
165mm
125mm
18mm
4
80mm
DIN PN 16
200mm
160mm
18mm
8
100mm
DIN PN 16
220mm
180mm
18mm
8
150mm
DIN PN 16
285mm
240mm
22mm
8
200mm
DIN PN 16
340mm
295mm
22mm
12
200mm
DIN PN 25
360mm
310mm
26mm
12
50mm
DIN PN 40
165mm
125mm
18mm
4
80mm
DIN PN 40
200mm
160mm
18mm
8
100mm
DIN PN 40
235mm
190mm
22mm
8
150mm
DIN PN 40
300mm
250mm
26mm
8
200mm
DIN PN 40
375mm
320mm
30mm
12
50mm
JIS 10K
155mm
120mm
19mm
4
80mm
JIS 10K
185mm
150mm
19mm
8
100mm
JIS 10K
210mm
175mm
19mm
8
150mm
JIS 10K
280mm
240mm
23mm
8
200mm
JIS 10K
330mm
290mm
23mm
12
** Due to the limited space on this flange the SITRANS LR 300 can only use 4 of the
standard 8 bolt holes of the 2” ANSI #300 size
WARNING: The user is responsible for the selection of bolting and
gasket materials which will fall within the limits of the flange and
its intended use and which are suitable for the service conditions.
Page 26
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 27 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Mounting
1/2" NPT
or M 20 x 1.5
conduit entries
Customer-flanged
Nozzle to suit
Wiring access
cover
Tank
Correctly Mounted Unit
Minimum diameter
2" / DIN 50
Nozzle/Vessel
Juncture
Customer Flange
Integral Process Seal
Straight/taper Transition
Improperly Mounted Unit
Process seal should rest on flange
WARNING: The user is responsible for the selection of bolting and
gasket materials which will fall within the limits of the flange and
its intended use and which are suitable for the service conditions.
WARNING: Improper installation may result in loss of process
pressure.
* Refer to the Rod Extension Requirements table on page 28.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 27
mmmmm
• The Integral process seal MUST rest on the customer flange. See detail A
showing a correctly mounted unit.
• The straight/taper transition of the rod should extend past the nozzle/vessel opening.
Add extensions as required∗.
Installation
Notes:
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 28 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Rod Assembly
Notes:
Teflon paste
(supplied)
Optional
Extension
• If water or process fluids enter
the connecting threads, this can
cause reflections at the
connection. These reflections will
appear as false echoes.
• Apply Teflon paste to the threads,
and tighten slowly. Ensure that
the rod sections mate securely
with no gaps. Do not apply too
much Teflon paste or the parts
will not mate securely.
• Do not use wrenches or pliers.
Hand tighten only.
100 mm
(4")
50mm
(2”)
Rod Extension Requirements
Nozzle I.D.
<100 (4)
Nozzle Height mm (inches)*
100 to 150 (4 to 6)
150 to 200 (6 to 8)
50mm (2”)
n/r
**
**
80mm (3”)
n/r
50mm
100mm
100mm (4”)
n/r
50mm
100mm
150mm (6”)
n/r
50mm
100mm
>150mm (6”)
n/r
n/r
n/r
Installation
mmmmm
n/r extension not required
* Consult Siemens Milltronics for assistance with nozzle sizes not listed.
** Application not recommended for 50mm (2”) I.D. nozzles longer than 100mm (4”). Shielded
rod antennas are available for these applications.
Mounting: Rod Assembly
Ideally, the nozzle should be as short as possible. If your
application requires a nozzle that exceeds our
recommended maximum length, consider using a shielded
rod configuration.
If you create a new nozzle for the radar unit, the weld
seams must be on the outside of the nozzle. Ensure that
there are no seams or lips on the inside of the nozzle or you
may get erratic readings.
Page 28
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 29 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
If the mounting illustrated on page 28 is not suitable due to the minimum blanking
requirements, consider the shielded rod or horn antenna options.
Nozzles that are 200mm (8”) or larger in diameter provide excellent signal conditions.
Under these conditions you can use the standard rod without extensions for nozzle
lengths of up to 610mm (24”).
Mounting: Threaded Rod Antenna
You can use 1.5” or 2” threaded process connections. There are three thread types: NPT,
BSP, and G.
316 S.S.
PTFE
Min. I.D. 100mm
Max. nozzle height 100mm (4")
For smaller sizes, use the
shielded rod configuration.
Note: The use of Teflon or other appropriate sealant may be used to aid in sealing
tapered threaded connections for use in pressure applications.
WARNING: Improper installation may result in loss of process
pressure.
A manhole cover is typically a nozzle that
is 610mm (24”) or greater in diameter,
with a cover.
100 mm
(4")
7ML19985CL02
To provide the optimum signal
conditions, locate the antenna off-center
with respect to the cover, typically
100mm (4”) from the side of the manhole
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 29
mmmmm
Installation
Mounting: Manhole Covers
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 30 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Mounting: Horn Antennas or Shielded Rod
The end of the horn, or the end of the shield section, should protrude a minimum of
10mm (0.5”) to avoid interference with the nozzle.
10 mm (0.5")
10 mm (0.5")
Mounting: Waveguide Antenna
This option is recommended for products with εr lower than 3. See P655 on page 68 for
the related propagation factor.
Vent hole
Installation
mmmmm
minimum 80mm (3")
Notes:
• You can connect a maximum of two waveguides together.
• This option is recommended only for clean liquids, and only on vessels without an
agitator, with no turbulence.
• Horizontal stress on this antenna must be avoided, otherwise mechanical support
may be required.
• Process temperature and pressure capabilities are dependent upon information on
the process device tag. The reference drawing listed on the tag is available upon
request.
Page 30
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 31 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Mounting: Stillpipe or Sidepipe
This is an alternative to the waveguide antenna option, used for products with an εr less
than 3 or for extremely turbulent or vortex conditions. This mounting arrangement can
also be used to provide optimum signal conditions on foaming materials.
Suitable pipe diameters are 50mm (2”) to 250mm (10”). A rod antenna or a horn antenna
may be used.
Smoothness
One continuous length of metallic pipe is preferred, without joints. If joints are
unavoidable, you must machine them to close tolerances (± 0.25mm [± 0.010”]) and weld
a connecting sleeve on the outside.
Vent hole
Suitable pipe diameters
are 50mm (2”) to
250mm (10”).
You can use either a
rod or horn antenna.
Ensure there is a vent at the upper end of the side pipe to equalize pressure and keep the
liquid-level in the pipe constant with the liquid-level in the vessel.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 31
mmmmm
Installation
See P655 on page 68 for the related propagation factor.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 32 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Mounting: Horn with Waveguide Extensions
Use this combination if the nozzle is long and
the diameter is small.
For example, if the nozzle is 100mm (4”) in
diameter and 460mm (18”) in length), the rod
antenna is not suitable due to nozzle
interference.
Waveguide extensions are available in
custom lengths.
If the horn diameter is too large for the nozzle
opening, you need to insert it from inside the vessel.
The horn must be connected to the SITRANS LR 300
process flange.
Mounting: Sanitary Rod Antenna
Installation
mmmmm
2”,3”,and 4” tri-clamp with rod
Page 32
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7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 33 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Interconnection
A special wrench is provided to
open the SITRANS LR 300
enclosure. The two lugs on the
wrench fit into the indentations
in the back cover of the
enclosure.
Lugs
300
SITRANS LR 300 Terminal Block
Two options are available. The Intrinsically Safe mAmp Output Version has a shield
installed: the standard version does not.
Shield installed
on Intrinsically
Safe version
only
Wiring access is from the
side of the terminal block.
Wiring requirements:
•
Increased safety, EEx e version:
•
General safety or hazardous EEx d version:
solid 4
flexible stranded 2.5
rigid 0.2 to 4
flexible stranded 0.2 to 2.5
AWG 24 to 12
Notes:
WARNING: Avoid static discharge to terminals.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 33
mmmmm
Interconnection
• The recommended torque on the terminal clamping screws is 0.5 – 0.6 Nm.
• Connect the shielding of instrument cables to ground at one end only.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 34 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
SITRANS LR 300 Wiring
Shield, installed on
IS version only
HART/mA or
Profibus-PA
RS-485
Modbus, or Dolphin
protocol
1
2
I O
3A
R
S
4B 4
8
5
COM
5
Supply voltage AC or DC
6 L2/N
7 L1/+
Notes
• Installation shall only be performed by qualified personnel and in accordance with
local governing regulations.
• The equipment must be protected by a 15 A fuse or circuit breaker in the building
installation.
• The circuit breaker or switch in the building installation, marked as the disconnect
switch, shall be in close proximity to the equipment and within easy reach of the
operator.
• Do not use a Ground Fault Interrupt (G.F.I.) with the SITRANS LR 300. The ground path
is used for filtering purposes in conjunction with the universal power supply.
• All Input/Output wiring must be shielded for CE compliance, except for supply voltage.
All field wiring must have insulation suitable for the applied input
voltage.
Interconnection
mmmmm
WARNING: Avoid static discharge to terminals.
Page 34
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 35 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Communications Installation
Wiring Guidelines
•
•
•
•
•
RS-485 maximum length is 1,200 meters (4,000 feet).
Use good quality communication grade (shielded twisted pairs) cable for port 1, as
recommended for RS-485.
Connect the shielding of instrument cables to ground at one end only.
Run the communication cable separately from the power and control cables. (Do not
tie-wrap your RS-485 cable to the power cable or have them in the same conduit.)
Follow proper grounding guidelines for all devices on the bus.
Notes:
• Improper wiring and incorrect cable choices are the two most common causes of
communication problems.
• Increased safety, EEx de version:
use solid 4, flexible stranded 2.5
• General safety or hazardous EEx d version: use rigid 0.2 to 4
flexible stranded 0.2 to 2.5
AWG 24 to 12
Port 1: RS-485
Port Powered RS-232 to
RS-485 convertor
Computer
RS-232
Note: The illustration
shows a desktop
computer system, and
assumes the computor
side of the COM
connection is grounded.
Shield, installed
on Intrinsically
Safe mA Output
version only
Note: COM is not earth
ground: it is floating.
Notes:
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 35
mmmmm
WARNING: Avoid static discharge to terminals.
Interconnection
• The RS-485 is isolated with respect to earth ground, but its inputs (A,B, COM) are
electrically clamped to earth ground to protect them against electrical transients.
• Before making any connections, measure the common on the cable with respect to
the earth ground that the instrument is connected to, and make sure COM is within
± 3 V dc with respect to earth ground.
• If you are connecting the converter to a portable notebook computer, the COM of the
notebook is normally isolated. To prevent damage to the RS-485 port, one end of this
COM connection must be grounded.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 36 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
PC Connection
To connect the device to a computer requires the use of a RS-485 to RS-232 converter.
Siemens Milltronics offers a converter that is powered by the RS-232 port on the
computer (part number 7ML1830-1HA).
Port Configuration
Interconnection
mmmmm
See Communication Parameters on page 72.
Page 36
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 37 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Start Up
The SITRANS LR 300 has two modes of operation: RUN and PROGRAM.
After you have completed the installation procedures and powered up the
SITRANS LR 300, the unit starts in RUN mode and detects the distance from the
instrument flange to the target in meters. This is the default start-up display mode.
RUN Mode Display
Reading
Percentage or Units,
dependent on
parameter number
Active Bar graph
representation of
material level,
0 to 100% of Span
Blinking "Heartbeat”,
indicates device is running
Reading questionable,
appears during fail-safe
operation
Auxiliary reading
= Normal reading
Confidence icons
= Fail-Safe operation
PROGRAM Mode Display
Parameter type
Index value
Parameter value
Percentage or Units,
dependent on parameter
value
Inactive
Bar graph
Blinking “Heartbeat”,
indicates device is running
EDIT icon indicates new
value being entered
Programming indicator
7ML19985CL02
Parameter number
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 37
mmmmm
Start Up
Overview
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 38 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Start Up
mmmmm
Programming
PROGRAM mode has two states: EDIT and DISPLAY. In DISPLAY state, the parameter
number, parameter type, and parameter value are being displayed. In EDIT state, the EDIT
icon is also visible, indicating that the device is accepting input into the current field.
You can activate the PROGRAM mode at any time and set parameters to suit the
application and/or user preferences. Programming can be carried out locally using the
hand programmer or remotely through one of the communication channels: Dolphin Plus,
Simatic PDM, HART Master, or Profibus Master.
The instruction examples in this manual use icons from the hand programmer.
Dolphin Plus
programming interface
150 mm
(6") max.
Display
Hand-held programmer
Dolphin Plus, Simatic PDM, HART Master, or Profibus
Master
Dolphin Plus is a user interface program designed to configure the SITRANS LR 300 from
a laptop or a desktop PC, using the RS-485 port. With Dolphin Plus you can modify
parameter values in real time, view process values in graphic form on screen, save
profiles, and generate instrument configuration reports. To use the Dolphin protocol,
ensure the serial protocol parameter P770 is set to Dolphin protocol (1).
Dolphin Plus software is purchased separately. Please contact your Siemens Milltronics
representative.
Page 38
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 39 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Hand Programmer
The hand programmer is used for local programming sequences. Please make sure you
hold the programmer close to the unit (within 15cm [6”]), and point it directly at the bottom
of the display to activate the programming options.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
P
PX X X
mA
C
Numeric and
Auxiliary keys
%
Function Keys
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 39
mmmmm
Local Programming
Start Up
The programmer is a sturdy, hand-held, programming unit offering immediate access to
the configuration parameters. Point the programmer at the lower portion of the
SITRANS LR 300 display window (from a maximum distance of 15cm [6”]) and press the
buttons in the required sequence.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 40 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Key
Run Mode
Values
Start Up
mmmmm
to
Programming Mode
mA output value displayed in auxiliary
reading field
Internal enclosure temperature displayed
in auxiliary reading field (P343).
Decimal point
Parameter for auxiliary readings*
Negative value
Clear value
Toggle between Units and
Toggle between Units and % on reading
% on parameter value
display
End PROGRAM session
Initiate and complete PROGRAM mode
and enable RUN mode
access
Update echo quality
Distance displayed in auxiliary reading
parameters
field.
Parameter scroll-up
Parameter scroll-down
Toggle fields
Enter the displayed value
* Pressing
plus three-digit parameter number, sets parameter to show in the
auxiliary display.
Page 40
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 41 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Accessing PROGRAM Mode
1.
The unit starts in RUN mode and
readings correspond to existing
settings.
2.
Press the PROGRAM key
to
activate the PROGRAM mode.
(The number fields go blank.)
3.
Press the TOGGLE key
to
display parameter fields. Initial
program starts at P000.
Value
Parameter
field
Accessing a Parameter
The parameter settings configure the units to a specific use. Press the PROGRAM key
followed by the TOGGLE key: then choose Scroll Access or Direct Address to access a
parameter.
Scroll Access
In PROGRAM mode, you can scroll through the parameters sequentially and in either
direction until you reach the required parameter. [P000 to P999]
1. Press ARROW
keys to scroll
up or down.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 41
mmmmm
Note: Values shown are for demonstration purposes only.
Start Up
PROGRAM mode has two states: EDIT and DISPLAY. In DISPLAY state, the parameter
number, parameter type, and parameter value are being displayed. In EDIT state, the EDIT
indicates that the unit is accepting input into the current field. The icon remains
icon
visible until the ENTER key has been pressed, and the new value is accepted.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 42 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Direct Address
Start Up
mmmmm
In PROGRAM mode, you can access a parameter directly by entering its number.
1.
Press the PROGRAM key
followed by the TOGGLE key
to
display the Parameter Number field.
2.
to open
Press the TOGGLE key
the Parameter Number field. The
Parameter Number field goes blank
and the EDIT icon
3.
appears.
Key in the desired parameter number.
Example:
Value
. The new
parameter number and value appear.
Note: You can enter parameter numbers below 100 without leading zeros. Enter the
number followed by the ENTER key. Example: To access P005, press
.
Modifying a Parameter Value
Once a parameter is accessed, you can set or modify its values.
Notes:
• Security must be disabled. To disable security, set P000 to 1954.
• Values shown are for demonstration purposes only.
• Invalid entries will be rejected or limited.
Changing Parameter Values
1.
Select the parameter to modify.
2.
Key in the new value. Example:
press
. The new value and the
EDIT icon
3.
Value entry field
appear.
Press the ENTER key
to set the
value. The EDIT icon disappears.
Note: The CANCEL key
Page 42
can be used to clear the field.
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 43 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Resetting a Parameter to Factory Setting
2.
. The value
Press the CANCEL key
field goes blank and the EDIT icon
appears.
3.
. The value
Press the ENTER key
returns to factory default and the EDIT
icon disappears.
Accessing RUN Mode
1.
In PROGRAM mode, press the
PROGRAM key
. The screen may
go blank for a moment. The
SITRANS LR 300 returns to RUN mode.
Quick Start Programming
1.
2.
Configure all parameters to their factory settings by performing a master reset via
Parameter 999 (see page 82).
Set the following parameters for a Quick Start: (see page 56).
• (P001) mode of measurement
• (P006) empty distance
• (P002) process material
• (P007) span
• (P003) measurement response • (P837) Auto False Echo Suppression
• (P004) antenna configuration
• (P838) Auto False Echo Suppression Distance
• (P005) units
Numerous other program parameters can be changed subsequently, or during another
programming session. Please see Parameter Descriptions, starting on page 55, for a list
of available parameters.
3.
After you have completed programming, press the PROGRAM key
RUN mode.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
to return to
Page 43
mmmmm
Scroll to the parameter or enter its
address.
Start Up
1.
Start Up
mmmmm
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 44 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Page 44
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 45 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Operation
Overview
The SITRANS LR 300 is an advanced level-measuring device for liquids and slurries.
Using advanced pulse radar technology, the device calculates material level by emitting a
series of radar pulses and then analyzing their reflections.
The device consists of an enclosed electronic component mounted to a flanged antenna
component. The electronic component generates a 5.8 GHz (U.S.A. 6.3 GHz) radar signal
that is directed to the antenna, waveguide, or horn.
Pulses are transmitted from the antenna at a fixed repetition rate. The reflected echoes
are received and digitally converted to an echo profile. The profile is analyzed to
determine the distance from the material surface to the flange face. This distance is used
as a basis for the display of material level and mA output.
Transceiver
The SITRANS LR 300 transceiver operates under one of five sets of pre-set conditions
(P003).
Measurement
Response
parameter P003
Max. fill/empty rate
P700/P701
Echo
verification
P711
Fail-Safe timer
P070
2
100
1
0.1 m/min
2
1 m/min
2
10
3
10 m/min
2
1
0
0.1
0
0
4
100 m/min
5
1000 m/min
slow
fast
When the echoes are received, the relevant echo algorithm (P820) is applied to determine
the true material echo.
The measurement response limits the maximum rate at which the display and analog
output respond to changes in measurement. Determine the actual vessel filling and
emptying rates, and set P003 to a measurement response just faster than the maximum
filling or emptying rate (whichever is greater).
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 45
mmmmm
The radar pulse detects the interface between the dielectric constant of the atmosphere
and that of the material being measured. Electro-magnetic wave propagation is not
sensitive to temperature and atmospheric conditions, or to variations in the medium.
Operation
The radar signal is emitted axially from the antenna and propagates along this axis in a
defined conical beam decreasing in strength at a rate proportional to the square of the
change in distance.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 46 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Loss of Echo (LOE)
A loss of echo (LOE) occurs when the calculated measurement is judged to be unreliable
because the confidence (P805) is less than the threshold (P804). Refer to Operation
Troubleshooting on page 92.
If the LOE condition persists beyond the time limit set by the Fail-Safe timer (P070), the
Confidence icon will change from full to partial:
Operation
mmmmm
to
The response to LOE is set by P072 and P219. They determine whether the reading and
mA output will be immediately forced to the Fail-Safe default (P071 and P219). Upon
receiving a reliable echo, the loss of echo condition is aborted, the Confidence icon
returns to full, and the reading and mA output return to the current level at the rate set by
P072.
Blanking or Auto False Echo Suppression
Near-blanking (P800) is set to ignore the zone in front of the antenna where false echoes
can appear during the receive cycle. They are often created by internal impediments like
a ladder rung, and are usually indicated by an incorrect high level reading. False echoes
can be overcome by increasing the near-blanking value from its factory setting.
Auto False Echo Suppression (P837) is recommended in preference to extending the
blanking distance from factory values.
Typical Receiver Signal
End of
Transmit
0
P800
Near-blanking
Empty distance to antenna
P006
Range Extension
(P801) as % P006
In applications where the base of the vessel is conical or parabolic, a reliable echo may
be available below the vessel empty distance, due to an indirect reflection path.
Increasing the range extension to 30 or 40% can provide stable empty vessel readings.
Range extension is entered as a percentage of P006.
Page 46
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 47 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Analog Output
The SITRANS LR 300 can be programmed to provide an analog output (P200) of 4 to 20
mA, and for proportional or inverse span.
Programming
When the unit is put into PROGRAM mode, the analog output level holds its prior value
unless the mA output function is the common output or HART is the communication
protocol.
Run
P001 = 2 (space a.k.a. ullage)
P001 = 3 (distance)
0 and 100% are percentage of full-scale reading (m, cm, mm, ft, in).
Volume
To program the unit for volume, set:
•
•
•
operation (P001) to level 1 (see page 56)
tank shape (P050) to a value other than 0 (see page 58)
other volume parameters (P051 to P053) as required
To program the unit for ullage, set:
•
•
•
operation (P001) to space 2 (see page 56)
tank shape (P050) to a value other than 0 (see page 58)
other volume parameters (P051 to P053) as required
Fail-Safe
When the Fail-Safe timer (P070) expires, the mA output responds as follows:
Fail-Safe Mode (071)
Status (4 - 20)
Status (20 - 4)
1 = high
2 = low
3 = hold
22
2
hold
2
22
hold
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 47
mmmmm
P001 = 1 (level)
Operation
The analog output responds in the following manner:
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 48 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
RUN/PROGRAM
When you select PROGRAM mode, the SITRANS LR 300 stops responding to the process.
It stores the most recent measurement, and holds the associated readings and mA signal
output. The unit reverts to the parameter last addressed during the previous program
session.
When you select RUN mode, the transceiver resumes operation. The reading and mA
output default to the last measurement taken. The reading and associated outputs
migrate to the current process level at a rate controlled by the measurement response
(P003).
Operation
mmmmm
If the SITRANS LR 300 is left in PROGRAM mode for 10 minutes without input, it
automatically reverts to RUN mode.
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 49 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Application Examples
These SITRANS LR 300 application examples can be used as set-up references. The
parameter value tables relate the values to the functions.
Application Example: Asphalt in Storage Tank
Notes:
• The minimum distance from the flange face to the target is limited by near-blanking
P800.
• Only set P837 if the product is at least 2m (78”) away from the flange face. If it is
closer, leave P837 at 1 until the level drops and the distance increases beyond
2m (78”).
The application is to obtain a level
measurement and corresponding 4-20 mA
output proportional to asphalt levels in a
storage tank.
Empty
(P006)
Span
P007)
Parameter
Enter
P999
----
master reset
P001
1
mode of measurement
P002
1
material
= liquid
P003
2
measurement response
= 1m/minute
P004
240
antenna
= factory
P005
1
units
= meters
P006
5
empty distance
= 5m
P007
4.5
span
= 4.5m
P070
2
Fail-Safe timer
= 2 minutes
P071
1
Fail-Safe
= Hi
P820
8
algorithm
= Blf (best of Largest or First)
P830
7
TVT type
= factory
P837/838
(Note above)
2&1
Auto False Echo Suppression
= level
Run: To start normal operation, press the PROGRAM key
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
.
Page 49
mmmmm
Asphalt build-up on the rod antenna does
not affect performance.
Applications
The bottom of the antenna flange is 5m
from the tank bottom. The empty level is 0m
(bottom) and the full level (span) is 4.5m
from the bottom. The maximum rate of
filling or emptying is about 0.1m/min. In the
event of a loss of echo, the SITRANS LR 300
is to go into Fail-Save Hi after 2 minutes.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 50 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Application Example: Horizontal Tank with Volume
Notes:
• The minimum distance from the flange face to the target is limited by near-blanking
P800.
• Only set P837 if the product is at least 2m (78”) away from the flange face. If it is
closer, leave P837 at 1 until the level drops and the distance increases beyond
2m (78”).
The application is to obtain a level measurement and corresponding 4-20 mA output
proportional to vessel volume in a chemical tank. The bottom of the antenna flange is
3.5m from the tank bottom. The empty level is 0m (bottom) and the full level (span) is 3.0m
from the bottom. The maximum rate of filling or emptying is about 0.1 m/min. In the event
of a loss of echo, the SITRANS LR 300 is to go into Fail-Safe Hi after 2 minutes.
500mm
(20.4”)
Calculate
actual volume
(e.g. 8000 litres
capacity)
3000mm
Applications
mmmmm
(122.4")
A
L
Parameter
A
Enter
P999
----
master reset
P001
1
mode of measurement
P002
1
material
= liquid
P003
2
measurement response
= 1m/minute
P004
240
antenna
= factory
P005
1
units
= meters
P006
3.5
empty distance
= 3.5m
P007
3
span
= 3m
P050
7
tank shape
= parabolic ends
P051
8000
maximum volume
= litres
P052
.8
tank dimension A
= 0.8 meters
P053
6
tank dimension L
= 6 meters
P070
2
Fail-Safe timer
= 2 minutes
P071
1
Fail-Safe
= Hi
P820
12
algorithm
= First echo
P837/838
(Note above)
2&1
Auto False Echo Suppression
Run: To start normal operation, press the PROGRAM key
Page 50
= level
.
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 51 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Application Example: Juice Batch Tank with Sanitary
Horn Antenna
Notes:
• The minimum distance from the flange face to the target is limited by near-blanking
P800.
• Only set P837 if the product is at least 2m (78”) away from the flange face. If it is
closer, leave P837 at 1 until the level drops and the distance increases beyond
2m (78”).
• Choose First only (P820 = 12) if the SITRANS LR 300 is in the center. Otherwise,
keep it at 8 (bLF).
• Sanitary Antenna Options: The one-piece antenna/process seal provides an
excellent mounting method, even on non-sanitary installations.
4" Sanitary Horn
Mixer
Existing 4"
tri-clamp
connection
P007
Parameter
In the event of a loss of echo, the
SITRANS LR 300 is to go into FailSafe Hi after 2 minutes.
Enter
---1
1
2
240
1
5
4.5
2
1
12
7
2&1
master reset
mode of measurement
material
measurement response
antenna
units
empty distance
span
Fail-Safe timer
Fail-Safe
algorithm
TVT type
Auto False Echo Suppression
Run: To start normal operation, press the PROGRAM key
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
= level
= liquid
= 1m/min.
= factory
= meters
= 5m
= 4.5m
= 2 minutes
= Hi
= First Echo
= factory
.
Page 51
mmmmm
Mixer
Applications
The bottom of the horn is 5m from
the tank bottom. The empty level is
0m (bottom) and the full level (span)
is 4.5m from the bottom. The
maximum rate of filling or emptying
is about 0.5m/min.
P006
P999
P001
P002
P003
P004
P005
P006
P007
P070
P071
P820
P830
P837/838
(Note above)
This application is to obtain a level
measurement and corresponding
4-20 mA output proportional to the
juice level on a batch process tank.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 52 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Application Example: Sliding Waveguide on Anaerobic
Digesters
Notes:
• Only set P837 if the product is at least 2m (78”) away from the flange face. If it is
closer, leave P837 at 1 until the level drops and the distance increases beyond
2m (78”).
Horn
This application is to obtain a level
measurement and corresponding 4-20 mA
output proportional to the sludge level on
a digester. The bottom of the
SITRANS LR 300 mounting flange is 10m
from the bottom of the digester when the
SITRANS LR 300 is lowered to its normal
operating position.
P006
Applications
P007
mmmmm
The raised position is for installation and
maintenance. The lowered position is for
operation. Program the unit for operation
in the lowered position.
The empty level is 0m (bottom) and the full
level (span) is 8m from the bottom. The
maximum rate of filling or emptying is
Parameter
Enter
P999
----
master reset
P001
1
mode of measurement
P002
1
material
= liquid
P003
2
measurement response
= 1m/minute
P004
240
antenna
= factory
P005
1
units
= meters
P006
10
empty distance
= 10m
P007
8
span
= 8m
P820
8
algorithm
= bLF (best of Largest or First)
P830
7
TVT type
= factory
P837/838
(Note above)
2&1
Auto False Echo Suppression
Run: To start normal operation, press the PROGRAM key
Page 52
= level
.
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Application Example: Stillpipe or By-pass Pipe
This is an alternative to the waveguide antenna option, used for products with an εr of
less than 3, or if extremely turbulent or vortex conditions exist.
Notes:
• For εr < 3, the lower 40 cm of vessel level may not be measurable.
• Only set P837 if the product is at least 2 m (78”) away from the flange face. If it is
closer, leave P837 at 1 until the level drops and the distance increases beyond
2m (78”).
Vent hole
This application is to obtain a level measurement and
corresponding 4-20 mA output proportional to the oil
level in a fuel storage tank.
The bottom of the SITRANS LR 300 flange is 5 m from
the tank bottom. The empty level is 0m (bottom) and
the full level (span) is 4.5 m from the bottom. The
stillpipe inside diameter is precisely 4.00 inches. The
maximum rate of filling or emptying is about 0.1m/min.
100 mm (4.00 ”)
diameter
In the event of a loss of echo, the SITRANS LR 300 is
to go into Fail-Safe Hi after 2 minutes.
Set the parameters below in the order shown: (see notes 1 and 2 on next page for more
details).
Parameter
P999
P001
P002
P003
P004
P005
P006
P007
P655 (see page 54)
P800
P820
P837/838 (Note above)
P839
Enter
---1
1
2
240
1
5
4.5
0.955
0.1
12
2&1
80
master reset
mode of measurement
material
measurement response
antenna
units
empty distance
span
propagation factor
near blanking
algorithm
Auto False Echo Suppression
Auto TVT Hover Level
Run: To start normal operation, press the PROGRAM key
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
= level
= liquid
= 1m/minute
= factory
= meters
=5m
= 4.5 m
= 10 mm (4”) pipe
= 0.1 m
= First echo
= 80%
.
Page 53
mmmmm
Suitable pipe diameters are 50 mm (2”) to 250 mm (10”): (see page 54 for typical P655
values).
Applications
This mounting arrangement also provides optimum
signal conditions on foaming materials.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 54 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Pipe Inside Diameter
P655 Value (Typical)*
50mm (2”)
0.827
80mm (3”)
0.915
100mm (4”)
0.955
150mm (6”)
0.980
200mm (8”)
0.990
* These values are provided as a guideline.
1.
Applications
mmmmm
2.
As a result of the extremely high signal to noise ratio experienced in pipe propagation, the blanking may be set to 0.1 m (4"). Normally, a minimum distance of 0.25 m
(10") may be achieved.
Increase Hover level (P839) to 80% to de-sensitize the instrument concerning
deposits or pipe imperfections.
Page 54
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SITRANS LR 300.book Page 55 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Parameter Descriptions
The parameters are the programmable features of the SITRANS LR 300. Adjust the value
settings on the parameters to configure the unit.
The parameter tables show the values you need to enter in bold type, followed by
additional information when necessary. The pre-set values are the factory settings,
which may need alteration for specific applications.
Press the PROGRAM key followed by the TOGGLE key twice to open the parameter
fields.
P000 Lock
Secures the SITRANS LR 300 from changes.
Value
1954
other
Lock off: programming permitted
Lock activated: programming secured
Enter 000 to access the parameter, then enter any value other than 1954 to secure the
programming lock. Press ENTER to set the value. The PROGRAM mode is now active for
viewing only. To unlock, access this parameter and enter 1954.
Notes:
•
•
This lock only applies to LCD/ hand programmer and Dolphin.
A remote master can change configuration if P799 is set to allow this.
WARNING: Use this lock as backup security only. It uses a fixed
value which can be discovered by unauthorized personnel.
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 55
mmmmm
Parameters
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 56 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Quick Start Parameters (P001 to P007)
Parameters P001 to P007 are the main settings that apply to all applications and make the
system operational.
P001 Operation
(F = 3)
Sets the display variable for the local LCD only. (The primary variable for the HART/
Profibus Master is controlled by P201.)
Values
1
Level: material level referenced to empty distance (P006)
2
Space: space to material level referenced from span (P007)
3
Distance: distance to target referenced from the flange face
Level
(P001 = 1)
Space (a.k.a. ullage)
(P001 = 2)
Distance
(P001 = 3)
Note: P050 sets the SITRANS LR 300 to calculate readings based on reservoir
P002 Material
Identifies the material being monitored.
Values
1
Liquids or slurries
Parameters
mmmmm
P003 Measurement Response
(F = 2)
Sets the reaction speed of the unit to the measurement changes in the target range.
Measurement Response
P700/P701
Values
slow
Echo Verification
P711
Fail-Safe Timer
P070
1
0.1m/minute
2
100
2
1m/minute
2
10
3
10m/minute
2
1
4
100m/minute
0
0.1
5
1000m/minute
0
0
fast
Set P003 to a measurement response just faster than the maximum filling or emptying
rate (whichever is greater).
If the SITRANS LR 300 does not keep step with the rate of level change, select a faster
rate. If the reading bounces around an average value, select a slower rate. In general,
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slower response time is associated with greater reliability. Noisy applications or those
with agitators tend to be more manageable at slower response rates, as these make use
of filtering, echo verification, and longer Fail-Safe delay.
•
•
echo verification: discriminates between agitator blades in motion (spurious noise)
and the target surface (true echo).
Fail-Safe timer: establishes the period from the time a loss of echo (LOE) starts until
the Fail-Safe default (P071) is triggered. The P003 pre-set timer value can be
overridden by P070.
P004 Antenna
(F = 240)
Identifies antenna configuration.
Values
P005 Units
240
factory setting for all antenna types
241
rod + 50mm PTFE (Teflon) extension
242
rod + 100mm PTFE (Teflon) extension
(F = 1)
Specifies units for programming and measurement.
Values
P006 Empty
1
meters
2
centimeters
3
millimeters
4
feet
5
inches
(F = 10m)
Sets the distance in units (see P005) from
flange face to empty level.
Values
-----
# units set in P005
P007 Span
(F = 10m)
Sets the distance from empty (P006) to full /
100% level.
Values
-----
# units set in P005
Full level can be set at any measurement above the empty level.
Note: After these start-up parameters are configured, set Parameters P837 and P838.
7ML19985CL02
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Page 57
mmmmm
Parameters
Empty level can be set at any distance desired,
not just actual empty.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 58 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Volume Parameters (P050 to P055)
Set the SITRANS LR 300 to calculate readings based on reservoir volume rather than
level.
P050 Tank Shape
(F = 0)
Enter the Tank Shape value that matches the monitored vessel or reservoir. (See chart on
next page.)
When Operation is LEVEL (P001 = 1), liquid (material) volume is calculated. When
Operation is SPACE (P001 = 2), remaining vessel capacity is calculated
In the RUN mode, readings are displayed in volumetric units. (See Maximum Volume
[P051] on page 60.) When percent is selected, the displayed volume reading is a
percentage of Maximum Volume.
Parameters
mmmmm
Note: Parameters P052 and P053 set tank dimensions A and L.
Page 58
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Description
0
----
volume calculation not
required (factory disabled)
N/A
1
flat bottom
P051
2
conical or pyramidal
bottom
P051, P052
3
parabolic bottom
P051, P052
4
spherical bottom
P051, P052
5
angled bottom
P051, P052
6
flat ends
P051
7
parabolic ends
P051, P052, P053
8
sphere
P051
9
universal linear
level/volume breakpoints
P051, P054, P055
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Additional Volume
Parameters
required
Page 59
mmmmm
Tank Shape
Parameters
P050
Value
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 60 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
P051 Maximum Volume (F = 100 i.e. 100%)
For readings in volumetric units (rather than percent), enter the vessel volume between
Empty (P006) and Span (P007).
Values
Range: 0.0000 to 99999
Related Parameters
P006 Empty
P007 Span
The units of measurement for this reading are non-dimensional. The volume is calculated
from the empty position to the maximum position and is scaled according to the Tank
Shape (P050) value. This allows the use of any volume units required.
Example:
1.
2.
3.
If maximum volume = 3650m3, enter 3650.
or
If maximum volume = 267500 gallons, enter 26750 (gallons x 10).
Enter the volume of the tank at full (Factory Setting = 100).
P052 Tank Dimension A
(F = – – – –)
Dimension A is used in the tank shape parameter (P050) on page 58.
Values
Related Parameters
Range: 0.0000 to 99999 in units (P005)
P050 Tank Shape
If P050 = 2,3,4, or 5, enter the height of the tank bottom.
If P050 = 7, enter the length A of one end-section of the tank. (See chart “Tank Shape” on
page 59.)
Parameters
mmmmm
Note: Enter the dimension in units chosen in P005.
P053 Tank Dimension L
(F = – – – –)
Dimension L is used in the tank shape parameter (P050) on page 58.
Values
Related Parameters
Range: 0.0000 to 99999 in units (P005)
P050 Tank Shape
If P050 = 7, enter the tank length L (excluding both end sections). (See chart “Tank Shape”
on page 59.)
Note: Enter the dimension in units chosen in P005.
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P054 Breakpoint Levels
(F = – – – –)
When the tank shape is too complex for any of the pre-configured shapes, you can
specify the volume based on segment.
Secondary Index
Values
Related Parameters
Breakpoint
Range: 0.0000 to 99999 in units
P055 Volume Breakpoints (Universal Volume Calculation)
Enter up to 32 level breakpoints (where volume is known) if P050 = 9.
Entering a Level Breakpoint
1. Open parameter P054.
2. Enter a breakpoint in measurement units.
3. Match each breakpoint to the same index value for P055.
P055 Volume Breakpoints (Universal Volume Calculation)
(F = – – – –)
Each segment defined by the level breakpoints (P055) requires a volume to allow the
SITRANS LR 300 to make the level-to-volume calculations.
Secondary Index
Breakpoint
Range: 0.0000 to 99999 in units
Values
Pre-set: 0.0000
Related Parameters
P054 Volume Breakpoints (Universal Volume Calculation)
Typical volume calculations:
Cone
V = πr2h
Entering a Volume Breakpoint
1.
2.
3.
Open parameter P055.
For each index enter a volume.
Match each volume to the same index value for P054.
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Page 61
mmmmm
Parameters
V = (1/3)πr2h
Cylinder
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Display and Reading Parameters (P060 to P063)
P060 Decimal Position
(F = 2)
Defines the maximum number of decimal places used on the LCD.
Values (Level
measurement only)
0
no digits after the decimal point
1
1 digit after the decimal point
2
2 digits after the decimal point
3
3 digits after the decimal point
In RUN mode, the decimal position is adjusted to prevent the number of digits from
exceeding the display capabilities. To keep the decimal place from shifting, reduce the
number of decimal places to that shown at 100%.
For example, if 100% = 15m, use two decimal places for readings of 15.00 or parts thereof
(e.g. 12.25).
P062 Offset Reading
(F = 0.0000)
Adds the specified value to the reading displayed, usually to reference the reading to sea
level or to another datum level.
Values (Level
measurement only)
Range: -999 to 99999
Pre-set: 0.0000
The operation of the device is not affected by the Offset Reading. This value is used for
display only. All control measurements are still referenced to empty.
P063 Minimum Reading (F = 0.0000)
Parameters
mmmmm
Adjusts the minimum reading the product will show. This is useful on conical or parabolic
tanks to prevent negative values on the display.
Values (Level
measurement only)
Range: -999 to 99999
Pre-set: 0.0000
P063 is only applied after P062 Offset Reading and then only if reading displays level/
volume (P001=1).
The milliAmp output is not affected.
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Fail-Safe Parameters (P070 to P072)
P070 Fail-Safe Timer
Sets the time delay, in minutes, before going into Fail-Safe mode.
Range: 0.0000 to 99999
Values
Pre-set: Refer to Table for P003 on page 56.
P071 Fail-Safe Material Level
(F = 3)
Selects the default measurement in the event that the Fail-Safe timer expires. (See also
P219.)
Values
1
High: maximum span value
2
Low: minimum span value
3
Hold: hold current value
P072 Fail-Safe Level Advance
(F = 1)
Sets the speed at which the SITRANS LR 300 advances and returns to the Fail-Safe
Material Level.
Values
Related
parameter
1
Restricted (pre-set): unit advances to/from the Fail-Safe Material
level as set by P003, P700, or P701.
2
Immediate: Fail-Safe Material Level is assumed at once.
3
Fast Back: Fail-Safe Level Advance is restricted. Returns to new
measured material level at once.
P219 mA Output Fail-Safe
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Parameters
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mA Output Parameters (P201 to P219)
P201 mA Output Function (F = 1)
Alters the mA output/measurement relationship. Set independently from P001. This
determines the primary variable for HART/Profibus PA, and should not be changed if
using HART.
Values
0
manual
1
level
2
space
3
distance
4
volume
9
controlled by HART or Modbus
Selection can be done locally, or from the Master, using the Primary Variable exchange.
Note:
• Ensure the master is off-line with the device when changing this value locally.
Changes will affect the mAmp Output directly, and can cause serious problems if
under automatic control.
• Selection also affects the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary variables.
• 0 (manual) setting is required to utilize P911. Remember to change back to previous
setting after P911 usage.
Independent mA Setpoint Parameters (P210 and P211)
Use these features as a reference for calculating the minimum and/or maximum mA
output to any point in the measurement range.
Parameters
mmmmm
For HART/Profibus PA, 4 mA and 20 mA represent the upper and lower range limits for the
primary variable.
Note: Ensure the % symbol is displayed before entering a % value.
P201 (mA Function) Settings Response
Level, Space, or Distance
Enter the material level in Units (P005) or percent of Span
(P007) as referenced to Empty (P006).
Volume
Enter the volume in Maximum Volume (P051) units, or as a
percent of Maximum Volume.
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P210 mA Setpoint Parameter
Used to set the process level that corresponds to the 4 mA value. 4 mA always defaults to
0, and P201 determines whether this is a level, space, or distance measurement.
P211 mA Setpoint Parameter
Used to set the process level that corresponds to the 20 mA value. 20 mA always defaults
to 100%, and P201 determines whether this is a level, space, or distance measurement.
P212 mA Output Minimum Limit
Values 2 to 22.00
P213 mA Output Maximum Limit
Values 2 to 22.00
P214 4 mA Output Trim
Used to calibrate the mA output for 4 mA. The device mA output is pre-calibrated;
however, this parameter can be used to trim remote displays or inputs.
Values
Related Parameters
Steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Range: 0 to 22.00. Display P911
P215 20 mA Output Trim
Set P201 to 0 (manual).
Set P911 to 4 mA.
Record remote reading in mA.
Enter this value in P214.
Set P201 to previous setting.
Values
Related Parameters
Steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Range: 0 to 22.00. Display P911.
P214 4 mA Output Trim
Set P201 to 0 (manual).
Set P911 to 20 mA.
Record remote reading in mA. Attach calibrated meter.
Enter this value in P215.
Set P201 to previous setting.
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mmmmm
Used to calibrate the output for 20 mA. The device mA output is pre-calibrated; however,
this parameter can be used to trim remote displays or inputs.
Parameters
P215 20 mA Output Trim
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P219 mA Output Fail-Safe
Used to set the mA Fail-Safe operation, independent of the Fail-Safe Material Level
(P071).
Values
0
Off (pre-set)
mA output responds to Fail-Safe Material Level
1
HI
produces P213 (mA Output Maximum Limit)
2
LO
produces P212 (mA Output Minimum Limit)
3
HOLd
last known value is held until normal operation
resumes
Installation Records Parameters (P340 to P346)
P340 Manufacture and Calibration Dates
Displays the year and month (yy-mm) for the following indexes:
Index
Data
01
manufacture date
02
calibration date
03
user date 1
Note: User date can only be set remotely by a HART/Profibus master.
P341 Run Time
Shows the accumulated number of days the SITRANS LR 300 has been operating.
Values (view only) Display: 0.0 to 99999 (days)
Parameters
mmmmm
P342 Power-On Resets
A counter that increments every time power is applied to the unit following an
interruption.
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P343 Internal Temperature
See Appendix III, (Ambient/Operating Temperature Specification) on 101 for more details.
Index
3 Values
Temperature
1
Current Internal Enclosure Temperature
2
Maximum Recorded Internal Enclosure Temperature
3
Minimum Internal Enclosure Temperature
Note: Internal Enclosure Temperature will always be higher than ambient.
WARNING Internal temperature must not exceed 81o C! Warranty
may be void.
P346 Serial Number
Displays the serial number of the unit.
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Parameters
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Range Calibration Parameter (P655)
P655 Propagation Factor (F = 1)
Compensates for the change in the microwave velocity as compared with propagation in
free space, when propagation is within a stillpipe (metal).
Range: 0.0000 to 1.0000
Values
Pre-set: 1
Pipe Size (I.D.)
Propagation Factor
50 mm (2”)
0.827
80 mm (3”)
0.915
100 mm (4”)
0.955
150 mm (6”)
0.980
200 mm (8”)
0.990
Consult Technical Assistance at the factory for other sizes and propagation factor
numbers.
Note: For waveguide antennas used as stillpipes, the propagation factor value is
shown on the process device tag.
Parameters
mmmmm
The propagation factor is constant for a given pipe
diameter, or can be determined by comparing the
radar distance reading to the actual process
material distance (measured from the face of the
SITRANS LR 300 flange).
Example:
= p.f. (propagation
actual distance
SITRANS LR 300 distance
factor)
SITRANS LR 300 distance
10.42 m
Using the readings shown:
10.42m = 0.827
12.6m
Enter the propagation factor : 0.827
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Rate Parameters (P700 and P701)
These parameters determine how material level changes are reported.
P700 Maximum Fill Rate
Adjusts the SITRANS LR 300 response to increases in the actual material level (or an
advance to a higher Fail-Safe Material Level, P071).
Values
Altered by
Related Parameters
Range: 0.0000 to 99999 (stored in meters)
P003 Measurement Response
P005 Units
P007 Span
P071 Fail-Safe Material Level
Enter a value slightly greater than the maximum vessel-filling rate. This value, in Units
(P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute, is automatically altered when Maximum Process
Speed (P003) is altered.
P003 Value
Meters/Minute
1
0.1
2
1
3
10
4
100
5
1000
P701 Maximum Empty Rate
Adjusts the SITRANS LR 300 response to decreases in the actual material level (or an
advance to a lower Fail-Safe Material Level, P071).
Values
Altered by
Range: 0.0000 to 99999 (stored in meters)
P003 Measurement Response
Enter a value slightly greater than the vessel’s maximum emptying rate. This value, in
Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute, is automatically altered when Measurement
Response Speed (P003) is altered.
P003 Value
Meters/Minute
1
0.1
2
1
3
10
4
100
5
1000
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mmmmm
P005 Units
P007 Span
P071 Fail-Safe Material Level
Parameters
Related Parameters
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Measurement Verification Parameters (P709 to P713)
P709 Damping Filter
Stabilizes the reported level due to level fluctuations (such as a rippling or splashing
liquid surface) within the Echo Lock Window (P713). The value is in seconds, and depends
on the number of seconds it takes the device to reach 63.2% of a step value change in
reading.
Values
Range: 0 to 100 (0= off)
Related Parameters
P007 Span
P713 Echo Lock Window
P711 Echo Lock
(F = 2)
Selects the measurement verification process.
0
1
2
3
Values
(P711)
Related Parameters
off
maximum verification
material agitator
total lock
P700 Maximum Fill Rate
P701 Maximum Empty Rate
P712 Echo Lock Sampling
P713 Echo Lock Window
P820 Algorithm
If a material agitator (mixer) is used in the vessel monitored, set Echo Lock to 1 (maximum
verification) or 2 (material agitator) to avoid agitator blade detection. To avoid stationary
blade detection, ensure the agitator is always running while the SITRANS LR 300 is
monitoring the vessel.
Parameters
mmmmm
When set for 1 (maximum verification) or 2 (material agitator), a new measurement
outside of the Echo Lock Window (P713) must meet the sampling criterion (P712).
For 3 (total lock), Echo Lock Window (P713) is pre-set to 0 (zero). The SITRANS LR 300
continuously searches for the best echo according to the algorithm chosen (P820). If the
selected echo is within the window, the window is then centered about the echo. If not,
the window widens with each successive shot until the selected echo is within the
window. The window then returns to its normal width.
When Echo Lock is 0 (off), the SITRANS LR 300 responds immediately to a new
measurement, within the constraints set by the Max Fill/Empty Rate (P700/P701).
However, measurement reliability is affected.
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P712 Echo Lock Sampling
Sets the number of consecutive echoes appearing above or below the echo currently
locked onto. Sampling ratio must occur before the measurements are validated as the
new reading (for Echo Lock P711 values: 1 or 2).
Range: 1:1 to 99:99
Format: xx:yy
xx = the number of above echoes
yy = the number of below echoes
Values
Related Parameter P711 Echo Lock
P711 value
P712 pre-set value
1: maximum verification
5:5
2: material agitator
5:2
Example Settings:
•
•
P711 = 2: material agitator
P712 = 5:2
Example Results:
•
A new reading will not be validated unless 5 consecutive measurements higher or 2
consecutive measurements lower than the current reading occur.
Note: Resetting P711 returns P712 to the respective pre-set values.
P713 Echo Lock Window
(F = 0.0000)
Adjusts the new measurement changes permitted before the Echo Lock is applied.
Range: 0.0000 to 99999
Values
P711 Echo Lock
P005 Units
The Echo Lock Window is a “distance window” (Units, P005) centered on the echo and
used to derive the reading. When a new measurement is in the window, the window is
re-centered and the new reading calculated. Otherwise, the new measurement is verified
by Echo Lock (P711) before the reading is updated.
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Parameters
Pre-set: 0.0000
Altered by
Related Parameters
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Communications Parameters (P750 and P752)
P750 Ident Number Section (F = 0)
Directs the device to use either the manufacturer-specific (Siemens Milltronics)
identification number, or the profile-specific ident number (Class 1 master using Profile
3.00 level gsd file).
Values
0
Manufacturer Specific identification number
1
Profile Specific Ident Number
P752 Profibus PA / HART address
Allocates the fieldbus ID or address for the device.
Range: 1 to 126
Values for Profibus PA
Default: 126
Range: 0 to 16
Values for HART
Default: 0
Serial Communication Parameters (P770 to P799)
These parameters control the RS-485 port. If you are using the Modbus protocol, use
P799 to set the SITRANS LR 300 to read-only or read-write. The Modbus Register Map is
on page 83.
P770 Serial Protocol
(F = 1)
Sets the communications protocol used on the RS-485 port.
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
Page 72
0
Communications disabled
1
Dolphin Protocol
2
Modbus ASCII slave serial protocol
3
Modbus RTU slave serial protocol
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P771 Bus Address (for Modbus)
(F = 1)
Allocates the unique identifier of the SITRANS LR 300 on the network for the RS-485 port.
Values
Range: 0 to 99999
Pre-set: 1
For devices connected with a serial Modbus slave protocol, this parameter is a number
from 1-247. The network administrator must ensure that all devices on the network have
unique addresses. Do not use the value 0 (zero) for Modbus communications because
this is the broadcast address and is inappropriate for a slave device.
P772 Baud Rate
(F = 9.6)
Sets the communication rate with the master device.
Values
4.8
4800 baud
9.6
9600 baud
19.2
19,200 baud
38.4
38,400 baud
This specifies the rate of communication in Kbaud. Any value may be entered, but only
the values shown are supported. The baud rate should reflect the speed of the connected
hardware and protocol used. For updating software, you must use 9600 baud.
P773 Parity
(F = 0)
Sets the serial port parity for the RS-485 port.
Values
0
No Parity (default)
1
Odd Parity
2
Even Parity
•
Ensure that the communications parameters are identical between the
SITRANS LR 300 and all connected devices.
If 7 data bits are chosen for Modbus ASCII, then parity must be set to either 1 (odd)
or 2 (even), and not to 0 (no parity).
•
P774 Data Bits and Stop Bits
There are eight data bits and one stop bit.
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mmmmm
•
Parameters
Notes:
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P799 Communications Control
(F = 1)
This parameter determines the read/write access to parameters via remote
communication. Index 1 controls serial communications via the RS-485 port, (Modbus
only). Index 2 controls Profibus PA or HART.
Index
01
02
Values
Description
0
Read only
1
Read/write
2
Restricted access – read only except for P799 which is read/write
0
Read only
1
Read/write
2
Restricted access – read only except for P799 which is read/write
To change an index value:
1. Press TOGGLE
to open thesecondary index field: (you may need to press
TOGGLE twice, depending on your start point). The index fields are empty and
read – –.
2. Press the ARROW keys
to scroll to the required index (or type in the
address).
3. Key in the index value required, and press ENTER
to set the value.
Notes:
•
•
P799 is independent of P000. Even if P000 is locked, a communications master can
write to any parameter if P799=1, or can write to P799 if P799=2.
P000 controls the lock access if you are using the Siemens Milltronics keypad hand
programmer and Dolphin, but it has no effect on Modbus.
Press PROGRAM
to toggle between RUN and PROGRAM mode.
•
Press TOGGLE
•
twice to open parameter fields.
Parameters
mmmmm
Echo Processing Parameters (P800 to P807)
P800 Near Blanking
(F = 0.4m)
Sets the amount of blanking as measured from the flange face and extending into the
measurement range. See Blanking on page 46.
Range: 0 to 99999
Values
Pre-set: 0.4m
Related parameter
P837 Auto False Echo Suppression
Enter the value in units as set in P005.
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P801 Range Extension
(F = 5%)
Sets the amount of range extension as measured from the empty distance (P006) and
extending beyond the measurement range. See Blanking on page 46.
Range: 0 to 99%
Values
Pre-set: 5%
Enter the value as a percentage of P006. The distance below empty is not blanked.
For tanks with conical or parabolic bottoms, increase this parameter to ensure that an
empty tank reads empty.
P804 Confidence Threshold
(F = 5)
Sets the minimum echo confidence that the echo must meet in order to prevent a loss of
echo condition and the expiration of the Fail-Safe timer (P070).
Range: 0 to 99
Values
Pre-set: 5
Related Parameters P070 Fail-Safe Timer
P805 Echo Confidence
Measures echo reliability.
Press the measurement key
values.
Values (view only)
Related Parameters
to get a new reading that will update confidence
Display: 0 to 99
P804 Confidence Threshold
P806 Echo Strength
Values (view only)
to get a new reading that will update echo strength.
Display: –20 to 99
P807 Noise
Displays the average and peak ambient noise (in dB above 1 µV #see P806 RMS) being
processed.
Press the measurement key
to get a noise reading. The noise level is a combination
of transient noise and electrical noise (receiving circuitry).
Values (view only)
7ML19985CL02
x = average (–20 to 99)
y = peak (–20 to 99)
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mmmmm
Press the measurement key
Parameters
Displays the strength of the selected echo, in dB above 1 µV rms.
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Algorithm Parameter (P820)
P820 Algorithm
(F = 8)
Selects the algorithm to be applied to the echo profile in order to extract the true echo.
Values
3
L = Largest only
8
bLF = best of Largest or First
12
F = First only
Select 8 (bLF) for most applications and all mounting locations except the center of the
vessel. Select 12 (F) for the center of the vessel mounting location and for still pipes and
waveguide antennas used as stillpipes. Select 3 (L) only when the vessel level will remain
at low levels.
TVT (Time Varying Threshold) Adjustment Parameters
(P830 to P841)
The following parameters are for authorized Siemens Milltronics Service personnel or
technicians familiar with Siemens Milltronics echo processing techniques. Dolphin Plus
should be used to view the echo profile before attempting to modify these parameters.
P830 TVT Type
Value
7
Smooth TVT
P831 TVT Shaper
Turns the TVT Shaper ON or OFF.
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
0
off
1
on
Related Parameters P832 TVT Shaper Adjust
Turn the TVT Shaper ON before using P832, and afterwards turn the TVT Shaper ON and
OFF while monitoring the effect to pick up the true echo.
P832 TVT Shaper Adjust
Allows manual adjustment of the TVT curve.
Range: –50 to 50
Values
Pre-set: 0
Related Parameters
P831 TVT Shaper
Use this feature to bias the shape of the TVT curve to avoid crossing false echoes from
fixed objects.
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Adjust this parameter while viewing the echo profile with Dolphin Plus. Refer to the
Dolphin Plus online help for details. The TVT curve is divided into 40 breakpoints, which
you can access via the index field. Each breakpoint is normalized to a value of 0, as
displayed in the parameter value field. By changing the breakpoint value up or down, the
intensity of the bias applied to that breakpoint of the curve is changed accordingly. By
changing the value of adjacent breakpoints, the effective bias to the shaper can be
broadened to suit the desired correction. If you are experiencing more than one false
echo, you can apply additional shaping can along different points of the curve. Apply
shaping sparingly in order to avoid missing the true echo.
To change a breakpoint:
Confirm that P831, TVT shaper, is ON (1).
Go to P832.
Press TOGGLE
to open the secondary index field.
Press ARROW keys
to scroll through the 40 points, (or type in the desired
point).
Enter the value from –50 to 50.
Press ENTER
to set the value.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Notes:
•
Press PROGRAM
•
Press TOGGLE
to toggle between RUN and PROGRAM mode.
twice to open parameter fields.
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mmmmm
Parameters
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P837 Auto False Echo Suppression
(F = 1)1
Use P837 and P838 during start up, if possible. It works ideally if the tank is empty or at
low levels. Only use this function if there is a minimum 2m distance from the radar unit to
the material. The agitator should be running, if the vessel contains an agitator.
Use this feature to adjust the TVT Curve
height to ignore false echoes on the Echo Profile by placing the TVT above the current
signal. Use P838 to set the Auto TVT length.
Dolphin Plus Display before Auto False Echo Suppression
(or when P837 = 0)
Default TVT
Parameters
mmmmm
P839
Hover Level
1.
Page 78
P837 will be preset to 1 by the factory. This is done to accommodate internal
antenna reflections.
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Example After Auto False Echo Suppression
TVT curve
(Learned)
Liquid
level
False echo
If the SITRANS LR 300 displays a full level, or if the reading fluctuates between a high
level and a correct level, set this parameter to elevate the TVT in this region and to desensitize the receiver from any ‘base noise’ caused by internal antenna reflections and/or
nozzle echoes.
Entry:
0 = Off (not used).
1 = Use Learned TVT. (See Learned TVT Curve, in Example: After False Echo
Suppression, above.)
2 = Learn.
Set Up:
Notes:
•
Press PROGRAM
•
Press TOGGLE
7ML19985CL02
to toggle between RUN and PROGRAM mode.
twice to open parameter fields.
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mmmmm
Perform this function at low tank levels.
Determine distance from radar unit to liquid level.
Select P838 and set [distance to liquid level minus 0.5m].
Select P837.
Press 2 and then press ENTER
. P 837 will revert to 1 (use Learned TVT)
automatically after a few seconds.
Parameters
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 80 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
P838 Auto False Echo Suppression Distance
(F = 1.0m)
Defines the endpoint of the Learned TVT distance. Set this parameter with P837, as above.
P839 TVT Hover Level
(F = 40)
Defines (in %) how high the TVT is placed above the profile, with respect to the largest
echo. When the SITRANS LR 300 is located in the center of the vessel, this parameter
may be reduced to prevent multiple echo detections.
P841 Number of Shots
(F = 5)
Defines the number of profiles used for averaging before the processing and output are
determined. Increasing this value provides slower response times
Test Parameters (P900 to P999)
P900 Software Revision
Displays the software revision level.
Index
1
2
Values (view only)
3
4
Software
Boot revision
Downloader revision
Hardware release
P901 Memory
Tests the memory.
Parameters
mmmmm
Test is initiated by scrolling to the parameter or repeated by pressing the ENTER key
.
PASS normal
consult Siemens Milltronics
1
Values (view only)
P911 mA Output Value
Displays the current value of the mA output in MilliAmps.
Values
Range: 4.00 to 20.00
When P201 is set to 0 (manual), a test value can be entered and the displayed value
transmitted to the output. Be sure to switch P201 back to the desired function after the
test!
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P920 Reading Measurement
Displays the reading measurement that the unit is programmed for in RUN mode (P001,
operation).
Values (view only) units showing Level/Space/Distance
P921 Material Measurement
Displays the reading measurement as though the unit were programmed to read Level
(P001 = 1).
P922 Space Measurement
Displays the reading measurement as though the unit were programmed to read Space
(P001 = 2).
P923 Distance Measurement
Displays the reading measurement as though the unit were programmed to read
Distance (P001 = 3).
P924 Volume Measurement
The calculated vessel capacity in Maximum Volume (P051) or % of Maximum Volume.
Values
Related
Parameters
Range: 0.0000 to 99999
P051 Maximum Volume
P927 Distance Measurement (0%)
The distance between the surface and the flange face.
Range: 0.0000 to 99999 in units or % of Empty
P005 Units
P006 Empty
Use P923 unless the distance information is required in percent.
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Parameters
Values
Related
Parameters
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 82 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
P999 Master Reset
Resets parameters to their factory setting.
1. Press the PROGRAM key
to
activate the PROGRAM mode.
2. Press the TOGGLE key
twice to
access parameter fields.
3. Key in 999.
4. Press the CANCEL key
then
to
press the ENTER key
Clear All and initiate reset.
Parameters
mmmmm
5. Reset complete.
Note: Reset takes several seconds
to complete.
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Communications: Modbus Register Map
The memory map of the IQ-300 occupies the Modbus holding registers (R40,001 and up).
This map is used when the protocol is Modbus RTU slave or Modbus ASCII slave.
Register Map for Most Common Data
Legend
Type
The type of data held in the group of registers.
Start
The first register to hold the referenced data.
Data Type
The possible values of the data in the register. See Data Types on page
for more information.
Description
The type of data held in the individual registers.
#R
The number of registers used for the referenced data.
Read/Write
Indicates whether the register is readable, writeable, or both.
The SITRANS LR 300 was designed to make it easy for master devices to get useful
information via Modbus. The chart below gives an overview of the different sections. A
more detailed explanation of each section follows.
Type
Description
Start
#R 1
Data Type
Read/
Write
ID
Siemens
Milltronics
Product Code
40,064
1
3
R
Point Data
Reading (1)
41,010
1
-20,000 to 20,000
R
Volume (1)
41,020
1
-20,000 to 20,000
R
I/O
Data
mA Output
41,110
1
400 to 2,000
R/W
Parameter
Values
Parameter
Access
43,997 to
44,999
Depends on
Parameter
R/W
1.
Maximum registers shown, fewer may be used depending on options installed.
7ML19985CL02
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mmmmm
This value identifies the Siemens Milltronics device type. For the SITRANS LR 300, the
value is 3.
Communications
Product ID (R40,064)
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 84 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Point Data (R41,010 – R41,031)
Measurement point data contain the current instrument readings. These are the values
shown for the reading measurement, (level, distance, or volume, according to the setting
for P001); and for the volume measurement, (volume). Please see page 56 for more
details on P001.
The available registers are:
Data
Registers
Parameter
Reading
41,010
P920
Volume
41,020
P924
The reading is expressed as a percentage of full scale, multiplied by 100:
Reading
Value
0
0.00%
5000
50.00%
7564
75.64%
20,000
200.00%
Input/Output
The SITRANS LR 300 has one mA output.
mA Output (R41,110)
The mA output is scaled from 400 to 2,000 (4 to 20 mA multiplied by 100). Displayed in
P911.
Parameter Access (R43,997 – R46,999)
Parameter Register #
Parameter #
44,000
P000
44,001
P001
44,002
P002
…
…
44,999
P999
Communications
mmmmm
Parameter values are given as integers in the range of registers from R44,000 to R44,999.
The last three numbers of the register correspond to the parameter number.
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The parameters are usually all read/write. However, before a parameter can be read or
written to, the format (where decimal place is) and the indexes must be defined.
Notes:
• Parameter P999 is read only.
• Parameter P999 (Master Reset) cannot be used via Modbus.
• See Data Types on page 87 for a description of the different types of data
associated with different parameters
Format Word (R43,997)
Format Word is an unsigned integer that contains a value that represents a certain
decimal offset.
The decimal offset indicates how the remote system must interpret the integer value that
is stored in the parameter access register. The following table shows how different
parameter values can be shown based on a register value (integer) of 1234.
Decimal
Offset
Example
0
0
1,234
1
-1
12,340
2
-2
123,400
3
-3
1,234,000
4
-4
12,340,000
5
-5
123,400,000
6
+1
123.4
7
+2
12.34
8
+3
1.234
9
Percent
12.34%
Examples of using the Format Word for both the index values and the decimal offset value
are shown below:
Decimal
0
0
3
3 right
8
3 left
9
percent
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Communications
Format
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Primary Index (R43,999) and Secondary Index
(R43,998)
Many parameters are indexed. There are two possible indexes, a primary index and a
secondary index. A secondary index is a sub-address of the primary index.
If there is not an index, enter a value of 1.
Reading Parameters
1.
Write the primary index value into R43,999.
This is a value between 1 and 40 that specifies the primary index on the parameter.
This value is normally 1.
2.
Write the secondary index value into R43,998.
This is a value between 1 and 40 that specifies the secondary index on the
parameter. This value is normally 1.
3.
Write the desired format value into R43,997.
4.
Read the value from the appropriate parameter register.
Types of values are:
•
•
•
Numeric Values on page 87.
Split Values on page 87.
Text Messages on page 88.
A value of 22,222 indicates that an error has occurred. Specify a different format type and
try again.
Writing Parameters
The method of writing parameters is similar to the method of reading them. Become
familiar with Reading Parameters, (above), before attempting to write any parameters.
1.
Write the primary index value into R43,999.
2.
Write the secondary index value into R43,998.
3.
Write the desired format value into R43,997.
4.
Write the value to the appropriate parameter register.
Communications
mmmmm
Writing parameter values to the SITRANS LR 300:
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Communications: Data Types
The SITRANS LR 300 parameters do not always use integers to hold values. For the
convenience of the programmer, those values are converted to and from a 16-bit integer
number. This section describes the conversion process.
Numeric Values
Numeric parameter values are the most common. For example, parameter P920
(Reading) returns a number that represents the current reading (either level or volume,
depending on the IQ-300 configuration).
Numeric values are requested or set in units or percent of span, and may be specified
using a number of decimal places.
Numeric values must be in the range –20,000 to +20,000 to be valid. If a parameter is
requested and its value is more than +20,000, the number 32,767 is returned; if it is less
than –20,000, the number –32,768 is returned. If this overflow happens, decrease the
number of decimal places.
If a parameter cannot be expressed in terms of percent of span, or has no meaningful
value, the number 22,222 is returned. Try requesting the parameter in units, or refer to the
Parameter Description section on page 55 for an explanation of the format and use of the
requested parameter.
Split Values
Certain parameters are actually a pair of numbers separated by a colon, using this
format: xx:yy.
One example is P712 (Echo Lock Sampling) where:
xx = the number of above echoes
yy = the number of below echoes
The number which corresponds to xx:yy, for either reading or setting a parameter, is
determined by the following formula:
For storing to the device:
value = (xx + 128) x 256 + (yy + 128)
For reading from the device:
xx = (value / 256) – 128
yy = (value % 256) – 128
where % is the modulus operator.
SITRANS LR 300– INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 87
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7ML19985CL02
Communications
The modulus can be computed by following these steps:
value1 = value / 256
value2 = remainder of value1
value3 = value2 x 256
yy = value3 – 128
It may simplify the calculation to note:
xx = (most significant byte of value) – 128
yy = (least significant byte of value) – 128
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 88 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Text Messages
If a device parameter returns a text message, that message is converted to an integer
and is then provided in the register. The numbers are shown in the following table:
Number
Text Message as displayed on LCD
22222
Invalid value
30000
Off
30001
On
30002
≡≡≡≡
Communications
mmmmm
30003
(parameter does not exist)
30004
Err
30005
Err1
30006
Open
30007
Short
30008
Pass
30009
Fail
30010
Hold
30011
Lo
30012
Hi
30013
De
30014
En
30015
---- (parameter has not been set)
-32768
Value is less than –20,000
32767
Value is greater than 20,000
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Error Handling
Modbus Responses
When polled by a Modbus Master, a slave device will do one of the following:
1.
Not reply. This means that something went wrong with the transmission of the
message.
Echo back the command with the correct response (see the Modbus specification
for more details). This is the normal response.
Return an Exception Code. This reflects an error in the message.
2.
3.
SITRANS LR 300 uses the following exception codes:
Code
Name
Meaning
01
Illegal Function
The function code received in the query is not
an allowable action for the slave.
02
Illegal Data Address
The data address received in the query is not
an allowable address for the slave.
03
Illegal Data Value
A value contained in the query data field is not
an allowable value for the slave.
Error Handling
Errors can be traced to two general sources:
1.
or
There is an error in transmission.
2.
The host tries to do something that is not a valid action.
In the first case, the SITRANS LR 300 does not respond and the master waits for a
Response Time Out error, which causes the master to re-send the message.
In the second case, it depends on what the host tries to do. In general, SITRANS LR 300
will not give an error to the host request. Various actions and the expected outcome are
as follows:
•
If the host writes an invalid register (a non-existing parameter or a read only
parameter), the value will be ignored and no error response will be made. However,
the current value will not reflect the desired new value.
•
If the host writes a read only register, then the value will be ignored and no error
response will be made. However, the current value will not reflect the desired new
value.
•
If P799 is read-only, then the value will be ignored and no error response will be
made. However, the current value will not reflect the desired new value.
7ML19985CL02
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Page 89
mmmmm
If the host reads an invalid register, the host will get an undetermined value back.
Communications
•
•
If the host attempts to write one or more registers that are out of range, an
exception response code 2 or 3 is generated depending on whether the start
address is valid.
•
If the host used an unsupported function code, an exception response code of 01
should be generated. However, this is not guaranteed and there may be no
response.
Communications
mmmmm
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Troubleshooting
Generally:
1.
Check the following:
•
•
•
There is power at the unit
The LCD shows the relevant data
The device can be programmed using the hand programmer
2.
Check the wiring pin-outs and verify that the connection is correct.
3.
Verify that values in set-up parameters P770 to P773 match the settings in the
computer communicating with the unit.
4.
Check that the port you are using on the computer is correct. Sometimes trying a
different Modbus driver will solve the problem. An easy stand-alone driver called
ModScan32 is available from Win-Tech at www.win-tech.com. We have found that
this driver is useful to test communications.
Specifically:
If you try to set an SITRANS LR 300 parameter via remote communications, but the
parameter remains unchanged:
•
Some parameters can only be changed when the device is not scanning. Try putting
the device in program mode using the operating mode function.
•
Try setting the parameter from the keypad. (First make sure that the lock parameter
[P000] is set to 1954.)
•
The communications control parameter P799 must be set to 1 to be able to write
parameters to the SITRANS LR 300.
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Troubleshooting
Communication Troubleshooting
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 92 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Troubleshooting
mmmmm
Operation Troubleshooting
Operating symptoms, probable causes, and resolutions.
Symptom
Cause
Action
display reads
level or target is out of range
• check specifications
• check P006
• increase range extension
P805
display reads
material build-up on antenna
• clean
• upgrade to purged antenna
• re-locate SITRANS LR 300
display reads
location or aiming:
• poor installation
• flange not level
• check to ensure nozzle is
vertical
• use P837
• check to ensure nozzle is
clean and free of internal
seams/welds
display reads
antenna malfunction:
• temperature too high
• physical damage
• excessive foam
• multiple echoes
• check P343
• use foam deflector or stilling
well
• relocate
• use a defoamer
• set P820 to 12 (First echo)
Reading does
not change, but
the level does
SITRANS LR 300 processing
wrong echo, i.e. vessel wall, or
structural member
• re-locate SITRANS LR 300
• check nozzle for internal burrs
or welds
• rotate unit 90o
• use P837
Measurement is
consistently off
by a constant
amount
P006 not correct
P652 not correct
• Check distance from Flange
face to zero level (P006)
• Check offset value (P652) or
device tag
Screen blank
power error
• check nameplate rating
against voltage supply
• check power wiring or source
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Symptom
Cause
Action
liquid surface vortexed
• decrease measurement
response P003
• relocate unit to side pipe
• increase confidence threshold
P804
material filling
• re-locate SITRANS LR 300
Reading
response slow
P003 setting
• increase response if possible
Reads correctly
but occasionally
reads high
when vessel is
not full
• detecting close range echo
• build up near top of tank or
nozzle
• water or other high εr
material in antenna threads
• wrong antenna choice for
application
• nozzle problem
• clean
• rod extensions may be
required
• See Application Example:
Stillpipe or By-pass Pipe on
page 53
• use P837/P838
• upgrade to shielded rod
antenna
Level reading
lower than
material level
• material is within near
blanking zone
• tank near empty and low εr
material
• multiple echoes processed
• decrease blanking P800 (min.
0.4 m)
• raise SITRANS LR 300
• decrease range extension
• set P820 to 12 (First echo)
• nozzle too narrow for length
• See Rod Extension
Requirements on page 28
• Upgrade to Shielded Rod
Antenna
• Internal seam in nozzle
• Inspect and remove seam
• Use P837
• upgrade to shielded rod
antenna
Maintenance
The SITRANS LR 300 requires no maintenance or cleaning under normal operating
conditions.
Note: Under severe operating conditions, the antenna may require periodic cleaning.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 93
mmmmm
• refer to P805
• use P837
• use foam deflector or stilling
well
Troubleshooting
echo confidence weak
Reading erratic
Troubleshooting
mmmmm
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Appendix I
Parameter Number
Page Number
20 mA Output Trim
215
65
4 mA Output Trim
214
65
Algorithm
820
76
Antenna
004
57
Auto False Echo Suppression
837
78
Auto False Echo Suppression Distance
838
80
Baud Rate
772
73
Breakpoint Levels
054
61
Bus Address (Modbus)
771
73
Communications Control
799
74
Confidence Threshold
804
75
Damping Filter
709
70
Data Bits and Stop Bits
774
73
Decimal Position
060
62
Distance Measurement
923
81
Distance Measurement (%)
927
81
Echo Confidence
805
75
Echo Lock
711
70
Echo Lock Sampling
712
71
Echo Lock Window
713
71
Echo Strength
806
75
Empty
006
57
Fail-Safe Level Advance
072
63
Fail-Safe Timer
070
63
Fail-Safe Material Level
071
63
Ident Number Section
750
72
Internal Temperature
343
67
Lock
000
55
mA Output Fail-Safe
219
66
mA Output Function
201
64
mA Output Maximum Limit
213
65
mA Output Minimum Limit
212
65
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mmmmm
Parameter Name
Appendix I
Alphabetical Parameter List
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 96 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Appendix I
mmmmm
Parameter Name
Parameter Number
Page Number
mA Output Value
911
80
4 mA Output Trim
214
65
20 mA Output Trim
215
65
Manufacture and Calibration Dates
340
66
Master Reset
999
82
Material
002
56
Material Measurement
921
81
Maximum Empty Rate
701
69
Maximum Fill Rate
700
69
Maximum Volume
051
60
Measurement Response
003
56
Memory
901
80
Minimum Reading
063
62
Near Blanking
800
74
Noise
807
75
Number of Shots
841
80
Offset Reading
062
62
Operation
001
56
Parity
773
73
Power On Resets
342
66
Profibus PA / HART address
752
72
Propagation Factor
655
68
Range Extension
801
75
Reading Measurement
920
81
Run Time
341
66
Serial Number
346
67
Serial Protocol
770
72
Software Revision
900
80
Space Measurement
922
81
Span
007
57
Tank Dimension ‘A’
052
60
Tank Dimension ‘L’
053
60
Tank Shape
050
58
TVT Hover Level
839
80
TVT Shaper
831
76
TVT Shaper Adjust
832
76
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Parameter Name
TVT Type
76
Units
005
57
Volume Breakpoints
055
61
Volume Measurement
924
81
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mmmmm
Page Number
830
Appendix I
Parameter Number
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 98 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Appendix II
Appendix II
mmmmm
Programming Chart
Number
Parameter Name
001
Operation
002
Material
003
Measurement Response
004
Antenna
005
Units
006
Empty
007
Span
050
Tank Shape
051
Max Volume
052
Tank Dimension ‘A’
053
Tank Dimension ‘L’
054
Breakpoint Level
055
Volume Breakpoints
060
Decimal Position
062
Offset Reading
063
Minimum Reading
070
Fail-Safe Timer
071
Fail-Safe Material Level
072
Fail-Safe Level Advance
201
mA Output Function
212
mA Output Minimum Limit
213
mA Output Maximum Limit
214
4 mA Output Trim
215
20 mA Output Trim
219
mA Output Fail-Safe
340
Manufacture and Calibration Dates
341
Run Time
342
Power On Resets
343
Internal Temperature
346
Serial Number
655
Propagation Factor
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Value
7ML19985CL02
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Number
Parameter Name
700
Maximum Fill Rate
701
Maximum Empty Rate
709
Damping Filter
711
Echo Lock
712
Echo Lock Sampling
713
Echo Lock Window
750
Ident Number Section
752
Profibus PA / HART address
Bus Address (Modbus)
772
Baud Rate
773
Parity
774
Data Bits and Stop Bits
799
Communications Control
800
Near Blanking
801
Range Extension
804
Confidence Threshold
805
Echo Confidence
806
Echo Strength
807
Noise
820
Algorithm
830
TVT Type
831
TVT Shaper
832
TVT Shaper Adjust
837
Auto False Echo Suppression
838
Auto False Echo Suppression Distance
839
TVT Hover Level
841
Number of Shots
900
Software Revision
901
Memory
911
mA Output Value
920
Reading Measurement
921
Material Measurement
922
Space Measurement
7ML19985CL02
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mmmmm
Serial Protocol
771
Appendix II
770
Value
Number
Parameter Name
923
Distance Measurement
924
Volume Measurement
927
Distance Measurement (%)
Value
Appendix II
mmmmm
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 100 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
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Appendix III
Ambient/Operating Temperature Specification
M a x im u m F la n g e a n d P ro c e s s T e m p e ra tu re s v e rs u s A llo w a b le A m b ie n t
70
70
P r o c e s s T e m p e r a tu r e
60
60
50
F la n g e T e m p e r a tu re
40
40
30
30
20
20
10
10
200
190
180
170
160
150
140
130
120
110
90
100
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
0
0
10
-10
-20
-30
-40
0
Ambient Temperature °C
Ambient Temperature °C
50
P r o c e ss, F l a n g e S u r fa c e T e m p e r a tu r e °C
The chart above is provided for guidance only.
Ambient Temperature
(Surrounding Enclosure
Volume)
Internal Enclosure
Temperature (P343)
Flange Temperature
Process Temperature
Where the chart does not apply, please use your own judgement regarding the use of the
SITRANS LR 300. Parameter P343 is required to monitor the Internal Temperature. It gives you an
excellent indication of how reliably the product will perform thermally when installed on your
process vessel. The maximum allowable internal temperature (P343) is 81o C.
P343 also allows you to decide whether or not attention should be focussed on
redesigning the installation. For example, if the internal temperature exceeds the
maximum allowable limit, a sun shield or a longer nozzle may be required. Engineering
will use this temperature reading (P343) to gauge the extent of change required to the
installation in order to provide a reliable thermal-operating zone for the SITRANS LR 300.
WARNING: Internal temperature must not exceed 81o C! Warranty
may be void.
7ML19985CL02
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Page 101
mmmmm
•
The chart does not represent every
possible process connection
arrangement. For example, it will
NOT apply if you are mounting the
SITRANS LR 300 on a nozzle greater
than 8” nominal, or directly on a
metallic tank surface.
The chart does not take into
consideration heating from direct
sunshine exposure.
Appendix III
•
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 102 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Appendix IV
Process Pressure/Temperature de-Rating
pressure (bar, gauge)
Rod Antenna ANSI Hole Pattern, 150#1, 2
process temperature (°C)
2”
4”
Process Configuration:
• 51003 with flange
series 22452.
• Flange will be
stamped 22452.
Process connection
tag will have the
series identified as
51003.
• Reference drawing
number is shown on
the process device
tag. This drawing can
be obtained on
request.
3”
6”
Appendix IV
mmmmm
WARNING: Never attempt to loosen, remove or disassemble
process connection or instrument housing while vessel contents
under pressure.
1.
UHMW-PE antennas are rated to a maximum of 80°C (176°F) of continuous duty.
2.
Customer to provide adequate bolting to retain vessel pressure and provide sufficient
sealing.
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Rod Antenna DN Hole Pattern, PN161, 2
pressure (bar, gauge)
Process Configuration:
• 51003 with flange series
22452.
• Flange will be stamped
22452. Process connection
tag will have the series
identified as 51003.
• Reference drawing number
is shown on the process
device tag. This drawing
can be obtained on
request.
process temperature (°C)
50mm
100mm
80mm
150mm
Rod Antenna Threaded Connection
pressure (bar, gauge)
Process Connection Series:
• 51002, 51004, 51005
• Ensure the unit has a
process connection
identification tag showing
one of this series.
• Reference drawing number
is shown on the process
device tag. This drawing
can be obtained on
request.
WARNING: Never attempt to loosen, remove or disassemble
process connection or instrument housing while vessel contents
under pressure.
1.
UHMW-PE antennas are rated to a maximum of 80°C (176°F) of continuous duty.
2.
Customer to provide adequate bolting to retain vessel pressure and provide sufficient
sealing.
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Appendix IV
process temperature (°C)
I 1/2” and 2"
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 104 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Rod Antenna Sanitary Connection1
pressure (bar, gauge)
Process Connection Series:
• 51010
• Ensure unit has the process
identification tag showing
this series number.
• Reference drawing number
is shown on the process
device tag. This drawing can
be obtained on request.
process temperature (°C)
2”
3”
4”
Horn Antenna or Wave Guide – ANSI Hole Pattern, 150#2
Appendix IV
mmmmm
pressure (bar, gauge)
Process Connection Series:
• 51006 to 51012 with 22452
series flange.
• Ensure your unit has the
process identification tag
showing one of this series,
and 22452 stamped on flange.
• Reference drawing number is
shown on the process device
tag. This drawing can be
obtained on request.
process temperature (°C)
3”
4”
6
8”
WARNING: Never attempt to loosen, remove or disassemble
process connection or instrument housing while vessel contents
under pressure.
1.
UHMW-PE antennas are rated to a maximum of 80°C (176°F) of continuous duty; however, they
can be used for periods of up to 3 hours at temperatures up to 120°C (248°F) at 1 bar pressure.
Page 104
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Horn Antenna or Wave Guide DN Hole Pattern, PN161
pressure (bar, gauge)
Process Connection Series:
• 51006 to 51012 with 22452
series flange.
• Ensure your unit has the
process identification tag
showing one of this series,
and 22452 stamped on flang
• Reference drawing number
shown on the process devic
tag. This drawing can be
obtained on request.
process temperature (°C)
80mm
100mm
150mm
200mm
Horn Antenna Sanitary Connection
pressure (bar, gauge)
Process Configuration:
• 51009
• Ensure unit has the
process identification
tag showing this series.
• Reference drawing
number is shown on the
process device tag. This
drawing can be obtained
on request.
4” PTFE
WARNING: Never attempt to loosen, remove or disassemble
process connection or instrument housing while vessel contents
under pressure.
2.
Customer to provide adequate bolting and flat-faced gasket to retain vessel pressure and
provide sufficient sealing.
1.
Customer to provide adequate bolting and flat-faced gasket to retain vessel pressure and
provide sufficient sealing.
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Appendix IV
process temperature (°C)
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 106 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Notes:
• The Process Device Tag shall remain with the process pressure boundary
assembly. In the event the instrument package is replaced, the Process Device Tag
shall be transferred to the replacement unit.
• All SITRANS LR 300 units are hydrostatically tested, meeting or exceeding the
requirements of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and the European
Pressure Equipment Directive.
• The serial numbers stamped in each process connection body, (flange, threaded or
sanitary), provides a unique identification number indicating date of manufacture.
Example: MMDDYY – XXX
MM – month
DD – day
YY – year
XXX – sequential unit produced
Further markings (space permitting) indicate flange configuration,
size, pressure class, material and material heat code.
Appendix IV
mmmmm
WARNING: This product is designated as a Pressure Accessory
per Directive 97/ 23 / EC and is not intended for use as a safety
device.
WARNING: Materials of construction are chosen based on their
chemical compatibility (or inertness) for general purposes. For
exposure to specific environments, check with chemical
compatibility charts before installing.
WARNING: The user is responsible for the selection of bolting and
gasket materials which will fall within the limits of the flange and
its intended use and which are suitable for the service conditions.
WARNING: Improper installation may result in loss of process
pressure.
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Appendix V
Typical Power Consumption
Power (Watt or VA)
SITRANS
IQ
R a d a r 3LR
0 0 300
T y pTypical
i c a l C oConsumption
n s u m p tio n
wwith
i t h 550Hz
0 H z AC
A C Input
I n p u tSupply
S u p p ly
30
25
20
VA
15
Watt
10
5
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
Voltage (Volt)
SITRANS
TypicalConsumption
Consumption
IQ
Radar LR
300300
Typical
with
60Hz
AC
Input
Supply
with 60Hz AC Input Supply
Power (Watt or VA)
30
25
20
VA
15
Watt
10
Voltage (Volt)
5
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
240
260
SITRANS LR 300 Typical Consumption
IQ Radar 300 Typical Consumption
with DC Input Supply
with DC Input Supply
9
Power (Watt)
8
7
Watt
6
Voltage (Volt)
5
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
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mmmmm
Appendix V
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Appendix VI
mmmmm
Appendix VI
HART Communications for the SITRANS LR 300
Highway Addressable Remote Transducer, HART, is an industrial protocol that rides on
top of a 4-20 mA signal. It is an open standard, and full details about HART can be
obtained from the HART Communication Foundation at www.hartcomm.org
The IQ-300 can be configured over the HART network using either the HART
Communicator 275 by Fisher-Rosemount, or a software package. There are a number of
different software packages available, and the SITRANS LR 300 should work well with
any of them. The recommended software package is the Simatic Process Device
Manager (PDM) by Siemens.
HART Device Descriptor (DD)
In order to configure a HART device, the configurator must have the HART Device
Descriptor for the unit in question. HART DD’s are controlled by the HART
Communications Foundation. The HART DD for the SITRANS LR 300 is being released in
2001. Please check availability with the HART Communications Foundation. Older
versions of the library will have to be updated in order to use all the features in the
SITRANS LR 300.
Simatic Process Device Manager (PDM):
This software package is designed to permit easy configuration, monitoring and
troubleshooting of HART and Profibus PA devices. The HART DD for the SITRANS LR 300
was written with Simatic PDM in mind and has been extensively tested with this
software.
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HART Communicator 275:
Chart 1
Reset and Config
Wear
Sensor Status
1. Reset + Config
2. Display
3. Diagnostics
4. PV Exchange
5. Device Data
6. Serial Comm RS 485
7. Review
1. Master Reset
2. Quick Setup
1. Run Time
2. Startups
3. Max Int temp
4. Min Int temp
1. Hardware/firmware fail
2. Diagnostic warn
3. Reading question
4. Simulation mode
Display
1. Level
2. Space
3. Distance
4. Volume
5. AO
6. Refresh
Diagnostics
1. Wear
2. Status
3. Self Test
4. Range Calibration
5. Trim Analog Output
6. Simulate AO
PV Exchange
1. Read Analog Out
2. Select Analog Out
Status
1. Sensor status
2. Electronics status
3. Software status
4. Application status
1. Self Test
Range Calibration
1. Offset
2. Prop factor
3. Min reading
Trim Analog Output
1. D/A trim
2. Scaled D/A trim
Device Data
Units
1. Units
2. Basic Setup
3. Detailed Setup
4. Output param
5. Device information
6. HART information
1. Length unit
2. Refresh
Serial Comm RS 485
1. Protocol
2. Address
3. Baud
4. Parity
5. Data Bits
Electronics Status
1. RAM failure
2. ROM failure
Software Status
1. Calib error
2. Temp out of range
Application Status
1. Loss of echo
2. LOE Failsafe
Simulate AO
1. 4 mA
2. 20 mA
3. Other
4. End
Basic Setup (See Chart 2 )
Detailed setup (See Chart 3)
Output parameter (See Chart 4 )
Device information
1. Tag
2. Descriptor
3. Message
4. Final asmbly num
5. Last config
6. Manufacturer data
Manufacturer data
1. Serial No. Sens
HART information
1. Manufacturer
2. Model
3. HART Dev. I.D.
4. Universal rev.
5. Fld. dev. rev.
6. Software rev.
7. Hardware rev.
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Device Setup
1. Level
2. AO
3. Device Setup
4. Refresh
Appendix VI
On Line
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Appendix VI
mmmmm
Chart 2
Basic Setup
Standard Group
Standard Setup
1. Master Reset
2. Standard Group
3. IQ Quick Group
4. Volume Group
5. Fails Group
1. Standard Setup
1. URV
2. LRV
3. Damping
IQ Quick Group
1. IQ Quick Setup
Volume Group
1. Volume
Fails Group
1. Failsafe
IQ Quick Setup
1. Operation
2. Material
3. Response
4. Antenna
5. Empty
6. Span
7. Auto TVT
Volume
1. Shape
2. Max Vol
3. Dimension A
4. Dimension L
5. Bl LevVol Gr
Failsafe
1. FS Level
2. FS Timer
3. FS Advance
Page 110
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Chart 3
Shaper Val. 1_10
1. Echo Filter
2. Echo Select
3. TVT Setup
4. Echo Quality
1. Narrow
1. Shape Val .1
2. Shape Val .2
3. Shape Val .3
4. Shape Val .4
5. Shape Val .5
6. Shape Val .6
7. Shape Val .7
8. Shape Val .8
9. Shape Val .9
Shape Val 10
Echo Select
1. Algorithm
2. Blanking
3. Rng Ext
4. Marker
5. Position
6. Max. Width
7. Shots
8. Echo Lock
TVT Setup
1. Auto TVT
2. Range
3. Hover
4. TVT Type
5. Mode
6. Shaper Val Gr
Echo Quality
Echo Lock
1. Echo Lock
2. Sampling
3. Window
Shaper Val. Gr
1. Shaper Val. 1_10
2. Shaper Val. 11_20
3. Shaper Val. 21_30
4. Shaper Val. 31_40
1. Threshold
2. Confd
3. Strength
4. Noise
Shaper Val. 11_20
1. Shape Val 11
2. Shape Val 12
3. Shape Val 13
4. Shape Val 14
5. Shape Val 15
6. Shape Val 16
7. Shape Val 17
8. Shape Val 18
9. Shape Val 19
Shape Val 20
Shaper Val. 21_30
1. Shape Val 21
2. Shape Val 22
3. Shape Val 23
4. Shape Val 24
5. Shape Val 25
6. Shape Val 26
7. Shape Val 27
8. Shape Val 28
9. Shape Val 29
Shape Val 30
Shaper Val. 31_40
1. Shape Val 31
2. Shape Val 32
3. Shape Val 33
4. Shape Val 34
5. Shape Val 35
6. Shape Val 36
7. Shape Val 37
8. Shape Val 38
9. Shape Val 39
Shape Val 40
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Echo Filter
Appendix VI
Detailed Setup
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Appendix VI
mmmmm
Chart 4
Output parameter
Analog out gr
Analog Ouput
1. Analog out gr
2. 4/20 Setpoints
3. Loc. disp. gr.
4. HART output gr.
1. Analog Ouput
1. Apply values
1. Read Analog Out
2. AO
3. Level % rnge
4. AO Alrm typ
5. FS Output
6. Min. mA
7. Max. mA
8. Refresh
Local display gr
Local Display
1. Local Display
1. Write protect
2. Lock
3. Decimals
4/20 Setpoints
HART Output gr
1. HART output
Page 112
HART Output gr
1. Poll addr
2. Num req preams
3. Num resp preams
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Supported HART Commands:
The SITRANS LR 300 conforms to HART rev. 5 and supports the following:
Common Practice Commands
33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 40,41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 48, 50, 51, 53, 54, 59, 110
Device Specific Commands
Command 138 Read the user specific characteristics
Command 139 Write the user specific characteristics
Command 140 Perform Device Specific Configuration
Command 160 Read Quick Setup
Command 161 Write Quick Setup
Command 162 Read Volume
Command 163 Write Volume
Command 164 Read Volume Breakpoint
Command 165 Write Volume Breakpoint
Command 166 Read Failsafe
Command 167 Write Failsafe
Command 168 Read Echo Data
Command 169 Write Echo Data
Command 170 Read Echo Lock
Command 171 Write Echo Lock
Command 172 Read TVT
Command 173 Write TVT
Command 174 Read TVT Shaper
Command 175 Write TVT Shaper
Command 176 Read Confidence
Command 178 Read Analog Special
Command 179 Write Analog Special
Command 180 Read Local Display Commands
Command 181 Write Local Display Commands
Command 182 Read Range Calibration
Command 183 Write Range Calibration
Command 184 Read Serial Port Settings
Command 185 Write Serial Port Setting
Command 186 Read Wear
The HART commands are rarely if ever used by end users. For details on the Universal
and Common Practice Commands, please contact the HART Communication Foundation.
For details on the Device Specific Commands, please contact Siemens Milltronics.
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Appendix VI
Universal Commands
0, 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 114 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Appendix VII: Profibus PA
Note: The following instructions assume that the user is familiar with Profibus PA.
Profibus PA Communications for the SITRANS LR 300
Appendix VII
mmmmm
Profibus PA is an open industrial protocol. Full details about Profibus PA can be obtained
from Profibus International at www.profibus.com
The SITRANS LR 300 is a Class A, Profile Version 3.0, PA device. It supports Class 1
Master for cyclic data exchange, and Class 2 for acyclic services: (see page 115 for
details).
The SITRANS LR 300 can be configured using a software package. There are a number of
different software packages available and the SITRANS LR 300 should work well with any
one of them. We recommend Simatic Process Device Manager (PDM) by Siemens. (You can
find more information at www.fielddevices.com: go to Product Solutions > Products and
Systems > Software).
Device Descriptor
In order to use Process Device Manager (PDM) with Profibus PA, you will need the
Device Descriptor for the SITRANS LR 300, which will be included with new versions of
PDM. You can locate the Device Descriptor in Device Catalog, under Sensors/Level/
Echo/Siemens Milltronics. Earlier versions of PDM may have only IQ Radar 300 listed:
in this case, use the IQ Radar 300 Device Descriptor. If you do not see either
SITRANS LR 300 or IQ Radar 300 under Siemens Milltronics, contact your Siemens
Milltronics representative for assistance.
The GSD file
The GSD file SM_05E0.GSD can be obtained from Siemens Milltronics at our Web site:
www.siemens-milltronics.com. (See page 118, To configure and use Profibus PA with an
S7-300/ 400 PLC, for more details.)
Bus address (Device Address)
Values
•
Page 114
Range: 0 to 126
Pre-set: 126
This value can be set via P752, or over the network. (After changing the value, turn
the unit off and back on again in order for the change to take effect.)
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Bus Termination
WARNING: Profibus PA MUST be terminated at both extreme ends
of the cable for it to work properly. Please refer to the Profibus PA
User and Installation Guidelines (order number 2.092), available
from www.profibus.com
Power Demands
Current IS < 128 mA, voltage U0 < 15 V
WARNING: Only certified supply units (DP/PA couplers or DP/PA
links) may be used to feed the intrinsically safe PROFIBUS. See the
EC Type Examination Certificate for requirements.
The number of devices which can be connected to a bus line is determined by finding
the combined maximum current consumption of all the connected devices (10 mA for
the SITRANS LR 300). Plan to allow a current reserve for safety.
Cyclic versus Acyclic Data
When you request data from a device via Profibus PA, you have two choices. Cyclic data
is provided at every bus scan: acyclic data is requested and provided as needed.
Input and output information is always requested at every bus scan and is set up as cyclic
data. Configuration information is only needed periodically and is set up as acyclic data.
Cyclic Data
When you configure the SITRANS LR 300 on the Profibus PA bus, there are 4 slots
available for modules.
Note: Each of the slots has to have a module defined in it.
Slot 0 always transmits Level information; slot 1 always Space information; slot 2 always
Distance information, and slot 3 always Volume information. If you do not wish to have
data transmitted, then you must use a Free Place module in that slot.
7ML19985CL02
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mmmmm
When operating in explosion risk areas, the intrinsic safety is only guaranteed when the
maximum power fed into the bus does not exceed certain voltage and current values.
These are normally:
Appendix VII
The maximum number of devices that can be connected to a bus line depends on their
current consumption and the respective application conditions. When operating in an
area where there is no risk of explosion, the couplers/links can feed up to 400 mA into the
bus.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 116 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
When you select a module, for each of the four values there are two alternatives: a
normal version and a short version, for example, Level (short) and Level. The difference
between the two is the way each one identifies the function block used. Level uses both
the identifier and the extended identifier byte to determine which function block in the
unit to use. Level (short) uses only the identifier byte. In the current release of Profibus PA
there is no functional difference between the short and normal versions. However, the
longer identifier is the preferred way to identify the function block and you should select
the normal version in each case.
The 4 function blocks (Level, Space, Distance, Volume) return 5 bytes of data each:
Appendix VII
mmmmm
Floating Point
Status
Level
byte 1
byte 2
byte 3
byte 4
byte 5
Space
byte 6
byte 7
byte 8
byte 9
byte10
Distance
byte 11
byte 12
byte 13
byte 14
byte 15
Volume
byte 16
byte 17
byte 18
byte 19
byte 20
The first 4 bytes are the floating point representation (IEEE) of the variable. The variables
are the outputs of the function block. The default setting for the three variables, level,
space, and volume, is percent. The default setting for the variable distance is meters. You
can change the settings of the variables by changing the settings of the function block.
This is typically done using PDM.
The 5th byte is the status word and the list of possible values is given in the chart on
page 117.
The 5 bytes must be read consistently, in a contiguous chunk: they cannot be read byte by
byte, and cannot suffer an interrupt. If you are using an S7-300 / 400, you will need to use
SFC14 DPRD_DAT: Read Consistent Data of a Standard PD Slave.
If you select a Free Place module to fill one of the slots, this will affect the byte number.
Example 1:
Floating Point
Page 116
Status
Free
Place
—
—
—
—
—
Free
Place
—
—
—
—
byte10
—
Distance
byte1
byte 2
byte 3
byte 4
byte 5
Volume
byte 6
byte 7
byte 8
byte 9
byte 10
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Example 2:
Floating Point
Free
Place
—
Space
Distance
Free
Place
Status
—
—
—
—
byte1
byte 2
byte 3
byte 4
byte 5
byte 6
byte 7
byte 8
byte 9
byte 10
—
—
—
—
—
Description
0x80
Data is GOOD.
0x4C
Initial value when the unit is first started up, before a valid reading is
taken.1
0x44
The data displayed is uncertain: it is the last usable data recorded before
an LOE state occurred.
0x10
The Failsafe timer has expired: this could be caused by LOE or by a sensor
malfunction: value is BAD.
0x04
There is an error in the configuration of the function blocks in Profibus PA2.
0X1E
The function block has been placed out of service. (You will see this only if
you read status word via acyclic services, after placing the function block
out of service3.)
0X60
The function block has been placed in simulation mode, using PDM.
0x8E
Value is GOOD, but above HI HI Alarm value in associated Analog Input
block.
0x8A
Value is GOOD, but above HI warning value.
0x8D
Value is GOOD, but below LO LO Alarm value.
0x89
Value is GOOD, but below LO warning value.
0xC4
Bad configuration: value is BAD.
0XDE
AI block out of service: value is BAD.
1.
At this time the LCD screen display shows ----.
2.
This could happen when a firmware download has been done, but a system reset
(P999) has not been done. This could also happen if the function blocks are not configured properly using PDM or acyclic services.
3.
A function block is placed out of service when a Free Place module is selected to fill
the slot occupied by that function block.
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mmmmm
Values in hex notation
Appendix VII
Status Word
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 118 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Diagnostics
The last four bytes of the extended diagnostics message are as follows:
Appendix VII
mmmmm
Values in hex notation
Description
0x01000000
Electronics failure
0x02000000
Mechanical failure
0x04000000
Motor Temperature
0x08000000
Electronics temperature too high
0x10000000
Memory cheksum error
0X20000000
Measurement failure
0X40000000
Not initialized properly
0x80000000
Initial calibration error
0x00010000
Zero error
0x00020000
Power supply failure
0x00040000
Configuration invalid
0x00080000
Warm Start
0x00100000
Cold Start
Acyclic Data
The SITRANS LR 300 supports up to three simultaneous connections by a class 2 Master
(C2 connection). It does not support Master class 1 (C1 connection). A list of all
parameters including address (slot and index), format, range of values, start value and
attributes are compiled in a document which is available on request. Contact
SMPI Technical Publications at the following address:
techpubs@siemens-milltronics.com.
Configuration Example:
To configure and use Profibus PA with an S7-300/ 400 PLC
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Page 118
Import the GSD file SM_05E0.GSD from the Siemens Milltronics Web site:
www.siemens-milltronics.com into Step 7 software.
Add the SITRANS LR 300 "rack": click and drag the SITRANS LR 300 folder from the
hardware catalog.
Fill the rack with desired modules, by dragging and dropping them from the
hardware catalog.
After configuring Profibus PA in steps 2 and 3, download it to the PLC.
Add code to the PLC program to read data consistently using the SFC14.
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Profibus Level Device Design
The device follows the profile block model and includes a physical block, a level
transducer block and four analog input function blocks.
Profile 3.0 Class A Design
The device is implemented as a Profile 3.0, Class A PA device. The Profile model is used,
but in order to program the level transducer block, you have to use some device-specific
parameters in addition to the standard profile parameters.
The Transducer Block (TB) implements some of the Class B parameters, but not all.
The device is implemented with one Physical Block (PB1), one Transducer Block (TB1)
and four Function Blocks (FB1, FB2, FB3, FB4).
Physical
Block
Device
Management
Profibus
Acyclic Data
Sensor Value
(profile)
Level Transducer
Block
Class A
Level
Space
LCD
display
Distance
Volume
Function Block
Analog Input
Level
Class A
Level
Function Block
Analog Input
Space
Class A
Function Block
Analog Input
Distance
Class A
Function Block
Analog Input
Volume
Class A
Space
Distance
Profibus
Cyclic Data
Volume
Note: the LCD display values are not the same as the Analog Input (AI) block outputs.
The AI block can perform any conversion to a value, which may be in different units
from the LCD.
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Block Model
Appendix VII
The outputs from the TB are the Level, Space, Distance and Volume values as calculated
by the device (P921, P922, P927 & P924). The output to the function blocks (FB’s) is always
in percent, except for Distance which is always in meters. The analog input FB’s can then
convert the percent values into any units desired.
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 120 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Transducer Block - Level
The Transducer Block meets Profile 3.0 class A requirements. The main OUT values of the
TB block used by the AI function blocks are the four Secondary Values (SV4, SV5, SV6 and
SV7).
Level Transducer Block
Echo Time
Status
Sensor Value, & Distance (m), SV6
Sensor
Echo
Processing
Failsafe
Calcs
Space (%) SV5
Span, Empty and
Offsets
Device Failsafe
Parameter
LOE State
Volume (%) SV7
Echo Processing
Parameters
Appendix VII
mmmmm
Primary Value,
Level (%), and SV4
The Primary Value (PV) and Level parameters from the profile are the same value as the
Secondary Value (SV) 4, and these are all in percent.
The Sensor Value parameter is the same as SV6 and represents the distance in meters.
Page 120
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Parameter Structure
The diagram below shows a level application and the parameters involved.
Traditional Parameters
(individual parameters are named)
Profibus Profile
(arrows indicate possible settings)
P921 Level /
P924 Volume
0%
P801 Range Extension1
Level / Primary Value
P007
Span
100%
Sensor Value
The value produced by the echo processing, which represents the distance from the
Sensor Reference Point to the target.
Sensor Unit
Units for Sensor Value, calibration points and other sensor-related parameters.
Level, Primary Value
The level as a percentage of Span (P007): (units are %).
Level, Primary Value Unit
Always %.
Sensor Reference Point
The point to which all of the above parameters are referenced, which is the flange face.
1.
Range extension can be set beyond the tank bottom.
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 121
mmmmm
P922
Space
Appendix VII
P006
Empty
P927
Distance
Sensor Value
Sensor
Reference
Point
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 122 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Function Blocks – Analog Input
The Analog Input (AI) function blocks produce the device outputs for Profibus. They utilize
the outputs from the Level TB (PV, SV1, SV2, … SVn) and then apply any required scaling
and quality checks. There are four AI blocks, which each use one of the TB outputs and
modify it to produce the Level, Space, Distance and Volume OUT values.
Note: These AI OUTs are not the same as the TB outputs available to the LCD.:
.
Filter Time
Constant
Alarm Limits,
Hysteresis
Filter
Alarm
Limit
Checks
Failsafe
Target Mode,
Manual OUT
Value
OUT Scale
Scaling
Output
Failsafe
Parameters,
Failsafe Output
Scale In
Scaling
Input
Target
Mode
OUT Value,
Actual Status
Mode
Target Mode
Simulation
Enable
Simulation
Value, Status
Status & Mode
Value, Status (from
TB as selected by
Channel Parameter)
Appendix VII
mmmmm
Analog Input Function Block
The input to the function block is one of the four Secondary Values, (SV4, SV5, SV6 and
SV7) of the Transducer Block Level. This input is fixed for each of the AI blocks. The
channel parameter is not utilized and the user cannot determine the input value to the
block.
The AI blocks also allow the input to be a simulated value instead of a TB OUT value. This
allows the AI block to be tested independently of the characteristics of the environment.
Linear conversion:
The scaling blocks can provide a linear conversion to any desired units.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Page 122
The input value is normalized (Scaling Input)
The scaling output is applied.
This value is filtered using a first order filter based on a time constant provided by
the user.
The value is checked against the user parameterized warning and alarm limits.
(There is an upper and lower warning limit and an upper and lower alarm limit. The
unit of the limits corresponds to the unit of the output range. A hysteresis parameter
prevents toggling in the Status field of the OUT value.)
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 123 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
5.
6.
7.
The Failsafe is checked against the status value from the TB OUT, or from the
simulation input status. Failsafe can modify the OUT value to the Failsafe Out value,
or to some high/low limit based on the status.
The target mode block allows the entire AI block to be overridden by a Manual Out
value.
The OUT VALUE parameter is the value for the cyclic data transfer.
Device Management
Directory
Slot, Index
Description
1,1
Composite List Directory
Index Offset Num
1
4
1
(1 PB, at offset 4)
1
5
1
(1 TB, at offset 5)
1
6
4
(4 FBs, at offset 6)
Record
Directory Handler
Composite Directory
Slot Index Num
0
0x6b 0x7f
PB
1
0x3d 130
TB
1
16
44
FB 1
2
16
44
FB 2
3
16
44
FB 3
4
16
44
FB 4
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 123
mmmmm
Directory Header
1- ID
1 -Rev. Number
1 -Num Dir Objects
9 -Num Dir Entries
1 -First Composite List Dir
1 -Num Composite List Dir
Handler
Appendix VII
1,0
Data Type
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 124 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Physical Block 1
This is the only physical block for the device.
Appendix VII
mmmmm
Relative
Index
Name
Internal Product Parameter or
Constant Value
Data Type
& size
Description
0
BLOCK OBJECT
Refer to Sections 3.4 & 3.7.2
in Profi. Spec.
Record
1
ST_REV
Static revision –
incremented by
configuration device
Uint16,
eeprom
2
TAG_DESC
E781- PAR_HART_LONG_TAG
Tag Name for device,
supplied by the master
String [32]
eeprom
3
STRATEGY
PAR_PROFI_STRATEGY
Uint16
4
ALERT_KEY
PAR_PROFI_ALERT_KEY
Uint8
5
TARGET_MODE
Target mode for block
6
MODE_BLK
Record
3 bytes
actual, permitted, normal
Bits
7– out of service
6–init. Manual,not class a/b
5- local override, not class A
4- manual
3- automatic
2- cascade, not class a/b
1-Remote cascade
0- remote output not a/b
7
ALARM_SUM
Summary of alarms
Record
8
SOFTWARE_REVISION
P900-1, PAR_SOFTWARE_REV
Software rev.
String, 16
9
HARDWARE_REVISION
P900-2, PAR_SOFTWARE_REV
Hardware board stack
String, 16
10
DEVICE_ MAN _ID
0x58
Manufacturer ID
Uint16
11
DEVICE_ID
“IQ300”
ID indicating IQ300
String, 16
12
DEVICE_SER_NUM
PAR_SERIAL_NUMBER_BATCH
(Drops first 5 characters of serial
number)
Serial number
String, 16
13
DIAGNOSIS
PAR_DIAGNOSTIC_STATE
Point 1
Diagnostic – see Page 72,
3.11.4
Uint8, 4
bytes in
total
14
DIAGNOSIS_EXTENSION
PAR_DIAGNOSTIC_STATE
Point 2
Device specific diagnostics,
Failsafe, LOE, short, stack
overflow
17
DEVICE_CERTIFICATION
Based on Item number
18
WRITE_LOCKING
P000, P799
Uint8
Not 15
used
Not 16
used
Page 124
Controls write access, 0 –
no writes, 2457 – writes
allowed
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Uint16
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 125 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Relative
Index
Name
Internal Product Parameter or
Constant Value
Uint16
FACTORY_RESET
20
DESCRIPTOR
PAR_PROFI_PB_DISCRIPTOR
String, 32
21
DEVICE_MESSAGE
PAR_PROFI_PB_MESSAGE
String, 32
22
DEVICE_INSTALL_DATE
PAR_PROFI_INSTALL_DATE
String, 16
IDENT_NUMBER_SELECTR
PAR_PROFI_PB_IDENT_NUM_SEL
Local operation
0 – no allowed
1 – enabled
Interfaces to P799
Uint8
See specification
Uint8
This is the only transducer block for the device.
Relative
Index
Name
0- 7
Internal Product Parameter
or Constant Value
Description
Data Type &
size
Same as PB
PRIMARY VALUE
P921PAR_MATERIAL_READING
In percent Units.
Current level output
in percent of span
DS33 Record
9
PRIMARY VALUE UNITS
PERCENT
always percent
Uint16
10
LEVEL
P921PAR_MATERIAL_READING
In percent Units.
Current level output
in percent of span
Float
11
LEVEL_UNIT
PERCENT
always percent
Uint16
12
SENSOR_VALUE
PAR_XDUCER_TARGET_LIN
Distance in Meters from
sensor reference point to
target
Float
13
SENSOR_UNIT
METERS
Units for sensor value is
always Meters
Uint16
Not
used
14
SECONDARY VALUE 1
Not
used
15
SECONDARY VALUE 1 UNIT
Not
used
16
SECONDARY VALUE 2
Not
used
17
SECONDARY VALUE 2 UNIT
Not
used
18
SENSOR_OFFSET
This does not conform to
Profile 3.0 Class B
Float
19
CAL_TYPE
8
7ML19985CL02
Calibration Type is always 0 for
Radar units
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Uint8
Page 125
mmmmm
Transducer Block 1
Appendix VII
24
LOCAL_OP_ENA
If 1 written – sets all param
to factory
2506 – warmstart
2712 – reset bus
Data Type
& size
19
Not 23
used
Similar to Master Remote Master
Reset
Description
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 126 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Appendix VII
mmmmm
Relative
Index
Name
Internal Product Parameter
or Constant Value
Data Type &
size
Description
20
CAL_POINT_LO
PAR_TB_SENSOR_CAL
index [1,1]
Float
21
CAL_POINT_HI
PAR_TB_SENSOR_CAL
index [1,2]
Float
22
LEVEL_LO
PAR_TB_LEVEL
index [1,1]
Float
23
LEVEL_HI
PAR_TB_LEVEL
index [1,2]
Float
Not
used
24
LEVEL_OFFSET
This does not conform to
Profile 3.0 Class B
Float
Not
used
25
LIN_TYPE
This does not conform to
Profile 3.0 Class B
Uint8
Not
used
26
LIN_DIAMETER
This does not conform to
Profile 3.0 Class B
Float
Not
used
27
LIN_VOLUME
This does not conform to
Profile 3.0 Class B
Float
28
SENSOR_HIGH_LIMIT
PAR_TB_SENSOR_LIMITS
Index [1,1]
Float
29
SENSOR_LOW_LIMIT
PAR_TB_SENSOR_LIMITS
Index [1,2]
Float
Not
used
30
MAX_SENSOR_VALUE
Float
Not
used
31
MIN_SENSOR_VALUE
Float
Not
used
32
TEMPERATURE
Float
Not
used
33
TEMPERATURE UNIT
Float
Not
used
34
MAX TEMPERATURE
Float
Not
used
35
MIN TEMPERATURE
Float
Not
used
36
TAB_ENTRY
Not
used
37
TAB X Y VALUE
Not
used
38
TAB MIN VALUE
Not
used
39
TAB MAX VALUE
Not
used
40
TAB OP CODE
Not
used
41
TAB STATUS
Not
used
42
TAB ACTUAL NUMBER
Page 126
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7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 127 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Relative
Index
Reser
viced
Name
Internal Product Parameter
or Constant Value
Description
Data Type &
size
43..52
Level Out value in percent
DS33-OUT
VALUE
record
54
SECONDARY_VALUE_3_U
NITS
Level Out value units
Always Percent
DS33-OUT
VALUE
record
55
SECONDARY_VALUE_4
Space Out value in percent
DS33-OUT
VALUE
record
56
SECONDARY_VALUE_4_U
NITS
Space Out value units
Always percent
DS33-OUT
VALUE
record
57
SECONDARY_VALUE_5
Distance Out value in Meters
DS33-OUT
VALUE
record
58
SECONDARY_VALUE_5_U
NITS
Distance Out value units
Always Meters
DS33-OUT
VALUE
record
59
SECONDARY_VALUE_6
Volume Out value in percent
DS33-OUT
VALUE
record
60
SECONDARY_VALUE_6_U
NITS
Volume Out value units
Always percent
DS33-OUT
VALUE
record
65
Quick Start Parameter
Group 1
PAR_OPERATION
PAR_SUBSTANCE
PAR_EMPTY_DISTANCE
PAR_FOLF_TIME_CONSTANT
66
Quick Start Parameter
Group 2
PAR_RESPONSE
PAR_ANTENNA
PAR_SPAN
67
Volume Setup
PAR_TANK_SHAPE;
PAR_MAX_VOLUME;
PAR_TANK_DIMENSION_A
PAR_TANK_DIMENSION_L
68
Failsafe Setup
PAR_FAIL_SAFE_TIMER
PAR_FAIL_SAFE_MATERIAL
PAR_FAIL_SAFE_ADVANCE
Not
Used
61
Not
Used
62
Not
Used
63
Not
Used
64
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 127
mmmmm
SECONDARY_VALUE_3
Appendix VII
53
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 128 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Appendix VII
mmmmm
Relative
Index
Name
Internal Product Parameter
or Constant Value
69
Echo Data
PAR_NEAR_BLANKING;
PAR_RANGE_EXTENSION
PAR_ALGORITHM
PAR_WINDOW_SILL_SET
PAR_ECHO_POSITION
70
Echo Lock
PAR_ECHO_LOCK
PAR_ECHO_LOCK_UP
PAR_ECHO_LOCK_DOWN
PAR_ECHO_LOCK_WINDOW
PAR_NARROW_ECHO_FILTER
PAR_NUMBER_LONG_SHOTS
71
Auto TVT
PAR_AUTO_NEAR_TVT_MODE
PAR_AUTO_NEAR_TVT_RANGE
PAR_TVT_HOVER
72
TVT Parameters
PAR_TVT_TYPE
PAR_TVT_SHAPER_MODE
PAR_CONF_THRESH_SL
73
Confidence Parameters
PAR_CONF_SL
PAR_ECHO_STRENGTH
PAR_NOISE_AVERAGE
(read Only)
74
Serial Port
PAR_SERIAL_PROTOCOL
PAR_SERIAL_ADDR
PAR_SERIAL_BAUD
PAR_SERIAL_PARITY
PAR_SERIAL_DATA_BITS
75
Range Calibration
PAR_OFFSET_ADJUSTMENT
PAR_MWAVE_VELOCITY_MULT
PAR_MINIMUM_READING
76
Local Display
PAR_LOCK
PAR_DECIMAL_POSITION
77
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 1-3
78
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 4-6
79
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 7-9
80
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 10-12
81
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 13-15
82
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 16-18
83
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 19-21
Page 128
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Description
Data Type &
size
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 129 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Relative
Index
Internal Product Parameter
or Constant Value
Name
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 22-24
85
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 25-27
86
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 28-30
87
Volume Breakpoint
PAR_BREAKPOINT_LEVEL
PAR_BREAKPOINT_VOLUME
Points 31-32
88
TVT Breakpoints
PAR_TVT_SHAPER
Points 1-10
89
TVT Breakpoints
PAR_TVT_SHAPER
Points 11-20
90
TVT Breakpoints
PAR_TVT_SHAPER
Points 21-30
91
TVT Breakpoints
PAR_TVT_SHAPER
Points 31-40
92
Echo Profile Summary
Minimum Y axis Value in dB
Maximum Y axis Value in dB
(empty)
X axis start value
X axis Max value
X axis step value between echo
profile data values
X axis step value between TVT
profile data values
93-120
Echo Profile
Echo Profile data points
Each slot contains 20 data points
as Uint8
121-128
TVT Profile
TVT Profile data points
Each slot contains 20 data points
as Uint8
Summary information of
Echo Profile.
Must be read prior to slots
93-128
Function Block 1 - Level
The first analog input function block produces the level value.
Relative
Index
Name
0-7
8
Number
Description
Data Type &
size
See PB descriptions
Batch
PAR_PROFI_FB_BATCH_ID
PAR_PROFI_FB_BATCH_RUP
PAR_PROFI_FB_BATCH_OPERATION
PAR_PROFI_FB_BATCH_PHASE
OUT
Level Out Value & status
9
10
7ML19985CL02
Level reading value
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
DS33 Record
Page 129
mmmmm
Volume Breakpoint
Data Type &
size
Appendix VII
84
Description
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 130 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Relative
Index
Number
Data Type &
size
Description
11
PV_SCALE
PAR_PROFI_FB_PV_EU index [1,2]
PAR_PROFI_FB_PV_EU index [1,1]
Scaled to percent
Array, float
12
OUT_SCALE
PAR_PROFI_FB_SCALE_EU index[1,2]
PAR_PROFI_FB_SCALE_EU index[1,1]
PAR_PROFI_FB_SCALE_UNITS index[1,1]
PAR_PROFI_FB_SCALE_DECIMALS
index[1,1]
Scaling values record
Record
13
LIN_TYPE
This does not conform to
Profile 3.0 Class B
Uint8
14
CHANNEL
Always mapped to TB1 Secondary Value 3
Map to TB (always 1)
Uint16
16
PV_FTIME
PAR_PROFI_FB_PVTIME –index [1,1]
Filter time
Float
17
FSAFE_TYPE
PAR_PROFI_FB_FAILSAFE_TYPE –index [1,1]
Uint8
18
FSAFE_VALUE
PAR_PROFI_FB_FAILSAFE_VALUE –index
[1,1]
Float
19
ALARM_HYS
PAR_PROFI_FB_ALARM_LIMITS – index
[1,1]
Float
21
HI_HI_LIM
PAR_PROFI_FB_ALARM_LIMITS – index
[1,2]
Float
23
HI_LIM
PAR_PROFI_FB_ALARM_LIMITS – index
[1,3]
Float
25
LO_LIM
PAR_PROFI_FB_ALARM_LIMITS – index
[1,4]
Float
27
LO_LO_LIM
PAR_PROFI_FB_ALARM_LIMITS – index
[1,5]
Float
Not
Used
30
HI_HI_ALM
Record
Not
Used
31
HI_ALM
Record
Not
Used
32
LO_ALM
record
Not
Used
33
LO_LO_ALM
Record
34
SIMULATE
35
OUT_UNITS_TEXT
Not
Used
Appendix VII
Not
Used
mmmmm
Name
Not
Used
Not
Used
15
26
Not stored. Out of reset, simulation is always
disabled.
Simulation value, status
and state
Record
String
Function Block 2 - Space
The second analog input function block produces the Space value. This is the same layout
as AI 1, but the internal parameters reference primary index 2 for all internal parameters.
(Example: index [1,1], [1,2] becomes [2,1] and [2,2].)
Page 130
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7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 131 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Function Block 3 - Distance
The third analog input function block produces the Distance value. This is the same layout
as AI 1, but the internal parameters reference primary index 3 for all internal parameters.
(Example: index [1,1], [1,2] becomes [3,1] and [3,2].)
Function Block 4 - Volume
The forth analog input function block produces the Volume value. This is the same layout
as AI 1, but the internal parameters reference primary index 4 for all internal parameters.
(Example: index [1,1], [1,2] becomes [4,1] and [4,2].)
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 131
mmmmm
Appendix VII
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 132 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Appendix VIII: hazardous area installations
Instructions specific to hazardous area
installations
(Reference European ATEX Directive 94/9/EC,
Annex II, 1/0/6)
Appendix VIII
mmmmm
The following instructions apply to equipment covered by certificate number SIRA 01ATEX1282:
1. For use and assembly, refer to the main instructions.
2.
The equipment is certified for use as Category 1G/2G equipment.
The 1G certification covers the use of the equipment antenna or wave-guide in a
zone 0 environment at ambient temperatures of –40°C to +60°C and atmospheric
pressure up to the process flange. The 2G certification covers the remainder of the
equipment for use in a zone 1 environment.
3.
The equipment may be used with flammable gases and vapours with apparatus
group IIC and temperature class T6.
4.
The equipment is certified for use in an ambient temperature range of–40°C to 60°C.
5.
The equipment has not been assessed as a safety related device (as referred to by
Directive 94/9/EC Annex II, clause 1.5).
6.
Installation and inspection of this equipment shall be carried out by suitably trained
personnel in accordance with the applicable code of practice (EN 60079-14 and
EN 60079-17 in Europe).
7.
Repair of this equipment shall be carried out by suitably trained personnel in
accordance with the applicable code of practice (e.g. EN 60079-19 within Europe).
8.
Components to be incorporated into or used as replacements in the equipment shall
be fitted by suitably trained personnel in accordance with the manufacturer’s
documentation.
9.
The equipment has been tested in accordance with MIL Standard D0160B for the
following vibration levels:
Frequency range 15–54Hz, 0.010 inch displacement
Frequency range 54–2000 Hz, 1.5 g of acceleration.
These were randomly cycled for a period of 2 hours.
10. The certification of this equipment relies upon the following materials used in its
construction:
Aluminum alloy A-356 T6 (aluminum enclosure option)
Stainless steel CF8M (stainless steel enclosure option)
Stycast 2651-40FR encapsulant, catalyst II
Stycast LA-9823-76 epoxy cement
Tempered glass (window)
Page 132
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7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 133 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
If the equipment is likely to come into contact with aggressive substances, then it is the
responsibility of the user to take suitable precautions that prevent it from being adversely
affected, thus ensuring that the type of protection is not compromised.
Aggressive substances:
e.g. acidic liquids or gases that may attack metals, or
solvents that may affect polymeric materials.
Suitable precautions:
e.g. regular checks as part of routine inspections or
establishing from the material’s data sheet that it is
resistant to specific chemicals.
11. Equipment Marking
The equipment marking contains at least the following information:
SITRANS LR 300
SERIAL # 2002 /12345678
SIRA 01ATEX1282
0891, 0518
CANADA:
267104134A
SIEMENS MILLTRONICS PROCESS INSTRUMENTS INC. PETERBOROUGH
MADE IN CANADA
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 133
mmmmm
DO NOT OPEN WHEN AN EXPLOSIVE
GAS ATMOSPHERE IS PRESENT
DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGIZED
TEMPERATURE OF WIRE WILL EXCEED
70°C – SELECT APPROPRIATE CABLE
II 2/1 G
EEx de IICT6
Appendix VIII
INPUT: 24 – 230 V
±15% ,
40 – 70 Hz, 28 VA, 11 W
OR 24 – 230 V
, ±15%, 9W
AMB.TEMP.: – 40°CTO 60°C
OUTPUT: 4 – 20 mA, RS485
ENCLOSURE:TYPE / NEMA 4X, 6 / IP67
Appendix VIII
mmmmm
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 134 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Page 134
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985CL02
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 1 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Index
A
beam spreading 14
blanking 46
use of Auto False Echo Suppression 46
Bus address (Device Address) 114
By-pass Pipe 53
C
changing parameter values 42
circuit breaker 34
communications
mA Output 83
reading 83
volume 83
communications installation
wiring guidelines 35
confidence 46
confidence icons 37
converter
RS-485 to RS-232 36
Cyclic Data 115
D
damping 70
Device Descriptor 114
Diagnostics 118
dielectric constant 45
disconnect switch 34
display state 41
Dolphin Plus 6, 38
E
echo verification 57
EDIT icon 41
edit state 41
7ML19985CL02
F
Fail-Safe operation
confidence icon 37
Fail-Safe timer
settings 47
false reflections 14
G
GSD file 114
H
hand programmer 39
HART Communications
detailed information 108
heartbeat 37
I
index
primary 86
secondary 86
installation
requirements 13
installation records 66
Intrinsically Safe mAmp Output Version 33
wiring requirements 33
IQ Radar 300
how it works 45
usage 6
L
local programming
auxiliary keys 39
function keys 39
numeric keys 39
loss of echo (LOE) 46
M
maintenance 93
master reset 82
measurement response 45
mounting
horn antennas 30
horn with waveguide extensions 32
location 13
manhole covers 29
requirements 27
rod assembly 28
sanitary rod antenna 32
shielded rod 30
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 1
mmmmm
B
enclosure
special wrench to open 33
exception code 89
Index
algorithms 76
analog output 45
in RUN mode 47
analog output level
in PROGRAM mode 47
application examples
asphalt in storage tank 49
horizontal tank with volume 50
juice batch tank with sanitary horn antenna 51
sliding waveguide on digester tank 52
Auto False Echo Suppression
application 78
auxiliary reading 37
SITRANS LR 300.book Page 2 Monday, June 10, 2002 7:18 PM
Index
mmmmm
mounting (continued)
stilllpipe or sidepipe 31
threaded rod antenna 29
waveguide antenna 30
N
near-blanking 46
normal reading 37
numeric values 87
resetting a parameter to factory setting 43
rod assembly 28
rod extension requirements 28
RUN mode
how to access 43
RUN Mode Display 37
S
O
opening enclosure
special wrench 33
P
Parameters 76
algorithm 76
baud rate 73
bus address (for Modbus) 73
communications control 73
Data Bits and Stop Bits 73
Display and Reading 62
echo processing 74
Fail-Safe 63
fill/empty rate 69
mA output parameters 64
measurement verification 70
parity 73
range calibration 68
test parameters 80
volume parameters 58
PC connection 36
PDM 108
pipe size 26
polarization effect 14
port 1: RS-485 35
port configuration 36
power consumption 107
Profibus Master 38
Profibus PA 114
PROGRAM mode
how to access 41
programming chart 98
programming for ullage 47
programming for volume 47
propagation factor 68
purging system 19
serial
protocol 72
Simatic PDM 38
Simatic Process Device Manager (PDM) 108
smoothness
avoid joints in pipes 31
split values 87
Status Word 117
T
temperature de-Rating
charts 102
temperature specification
Ambient/Operating 101
terminal block
wiring requirements 33
test communications 91
text messages 88
threshold 46
TOGGLE key 41
transceiver 45
troubleshooting
communications 91
W
wiring
diagram 34
wiring guidelines
communications 35
wiring requirements 33
wrench
special, to open enclosure 33
Q
quick start programming 43
R
radar pulse 45
radar signal 45
reading questionable 37
Page 2
SITRANS LR 300 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19985CLO2
IQ300IX.fm Page 5 Tuesday, October 2, 2001 1:43 PM
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc. 2002
Subject to change without prior notice.
*7ml19985cl02*
Rev. 2.4