Electrolux EWM3000new Service manual

SERVICE MANUAL
WASHING
© ELECTROLUX HOME PRODUCTS
ITALY S.p.A.
Spares Operations Italy
Corso Lino Zanussi, 30
I - 33080 PORCIA /PN
Fax +39 0434 394096
Publication no.
Washing machines with
the EWM3000NEW
electronic control system
and
“AEG NEXXXT”
display board
599 38 31-91
EN
ARCHED Cabinet
Edition: 2006-10-05
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599 38 31-91
CONTENTS
1
2
3
4
Purpose of this manual ............................................................................................................................ 3
IMPORTANT ............................................................................................................................................ 3
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS................................................................................................................. 3
CONTROL PANEL................................................................................................................................... 3
4.1
CONTROL/DISPLAY BOARD ..........................................................................................................3
4.1.1
Version with display................................................................................................................... 3
5 Washing programmes.............................................................................................................................. 3
5.1.1
Configuration of the programmes.............................................................................................. 3
5.2
Programme selector ......................................................................................................................... 3
5.3
Start/Pause ....................................................................................................................................... 3
5.4
Functions of the buttons ................................................................................................................... 3
6 WASH PROGRAMMES AND OPTIONS ................................................................................................. 3
6.1
Possible programmes ....................................................................................................................... 3
6.2
Options for the wash cycle................................................................................................................ 3
6.3
Description of options ....................................................................................................................... 3
6.3.1
Night cycle ................................................................................................................................. 3
6.3.2
Stop with water in the tub .......................................................................................................... 3
6.3.3
Prewash..................................................................................................................................... 3
6.3.4
Soak........................................................................................................................................... 3
6.3.5
Stain removal............................................................................................................................. 3
6.3.6
Short Daily ................................................................................................................................. 3
6.3.7
Very Short (Quick) ..................................................................................................................... 3
6.3.8
Heavy-duty ................................................................................................................................ 3
6.3.9
Energy saving / Energy label..................................................................................................... 3
6.3.10 Sensitive .................................................................................................................................... 3
6.3.11 Extra rinse ................................................................................................................................. 3
6.3.12 “Half load” button ....................................................................................................................... 3
6.3.13 Easy-Iron ................................................................................................................................... 3
6.3.14 Reduced spin speed.................................................................................................................. 3
6.3.15 No spin....................................................................................................................................... 3
6.3.16 Spin speed adjustment .............................................................................................................. 3
6.3.17 Reduced times (Quick) .............................................................................................................. 3
6.3.18 Temperature adjustment ........................................................................................................... 3
6.3.19 Delayed-start time ..................................................................................................................... 3
6.3.20 Exclusion of the buzzer” ............................................................................................................ 3
6.4
Variation of rinses when options are selected ..................................................................................3
6.5
Display (some models) ..................................................................................................................... 3
6.6
LEDs ................................................................................................................................................. 3
7 TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS.......................................................................................................... 3
7.1
EWM3000NEW Electronic control system ....................................................................................... 3
7.1.1
Functions provided by the electronic board............................................................................... 3
7.1.2
Memories contained in the electronic control system ............................................................... 3
7.2
Analogue pressure switch (electronic).............................................................................................. 3
7.3
Pressure switch ................................................................................................................................ 3
7.3.1
Calibration of the levels on the pressure switch ........................................................................ 3
7.4
Power supply and programme selection .......................................................................................... 3
7.5
Door interlock system ....................................................................................................................... 3
7.5.1
Voltmetric device with PTC........................................................................................................ 3
7.5.2
Instantaneous door interlock ..................................................................................................... 3
7.6
Water fill system ............................................................................................................................... 3
7.6.1
Flow meter ................................................................................................................................. 3
7.6.2
Operating principle of flow meter............................................................................................... 3
7.7
Drain pump ....................................................................................................................................... 3
7.8
Recirculation pump ........................................................................................................................... 3
7.9
Water Control.................................................................................................................................... 3
7.10
Heating system ............................................................................................................................. 3
7.10.1 Heating element ........................................................................................................................ 3
7.10.2 Temperature sensor .................................................................................................................. 3
7.11
Turbidity sensor............................................................................................................................. 3
7.12
Inverter .......................................................................................................................................... 3
7.13
Motor ............................................................................................................................................. 3
7.14
Power feed to motor...................................................................................................................... 3
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7.15
Anti-foam control ........................................................................................................................... 3
7.16
FUCS (Fast Unbalance Control System) ...................................................................................... 3
8 DEMO Mode ............................................................................................................................................ 3
8.1
Demo mode setting........................................................................................................................... 3
8.2
Exiting demo mode ........................................................................................................................... 3
9 DIAGNOSTICS SYSTEM ........................................................................................................................ 3
9.1
Access to diagnostics system........................................................................................................... 3
9.2
Exiting diagnostics system................................................................................................................ 3
9.3
Phases of the diagnostics test .......................................................................................................... 3
9.3.1
LEDs display board diagnostics ................................................................................................ 3
9.3.2
Programme selector .................................................................................................................. 3
10
ALARMS............................................................................................................................................... 3
10.1
Displaying the alarms to the user.................................................................................................. 3
10.1.1 Alarms displayed during normal operation ................................................................................ 3
10.2
Reading the alarm codes .............................................................................................................. 3
10.2.1 Displaying the alarm .................................................................................................................. 3
10.2.2 Examples of alarm displays....................................................................................................... 3
10.2.3 Operation of alarms during diagnostics..................................................................................... 3
10.3
Notes about some alarms ............................................................................................................. 3
10.4
Rapid reading of alarm codes ....................................................................................................... 3
10.5
Cancelling the last alarm............................................................................................................... 3
10.6
Table of alarm codes..................................................................................................................... 3
11
Operating time counter......................................................................................................................... 3
11.1.1 Operating time reading .............................................................................................................. 3
11.1.2 Displaying the operating time .................................................................................................... 3
12
ACCESSING COMPONENTS ............................................................................................................. 3
12.1
Flow mete...................................................................................................................................... 3
12.2
Aqua control .................................................................................................................................. 3
12.3
Motor ............................................................................................................................................. 3
13
Contacts on Main Board....................................................................................................................... 3
14
Contacts on inverter board ................................................................................................................... 3
15
BASIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM WITH SENSORS .................................................................................... 3
15.1
Key for circuit diagram .................................................................................................................. 3
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1 Purpose of this manual
The purpose of this manual is to provide service personnel (who already have the basic knowledge required
for repairing washing machines) with information on washers with the EWM3000NEW electronic control
system.
The EWM3000NEW is a new electronic control system which includes:
ª a new two-pole, brushless asynchronous motor
ª a new inverter board for controlling the motor
ª a main board
ª a display board
The subjects dealt with in the manual are:
• General characteristics
• Control panel and programmes
• Technical specifications
• Troubleshooting
For detailed information on the water circuits and structural characteristics of these appliances, and on
gaining access to their internal components, see the Service Manual with ARCHED cabinet (Publication
no. 599 37 67-82).
2 IMPORTANT
ƒ
ƒ
The electrical components must be serviced by qualified personnel only
Unplug the appliance before accessing internal components
3 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Programme selection
Serial port
Voltage requirement
Type of washing system
Type of rinsing system
Motor
Spin speed
Anti-unbalancing control
Water fill control
Detergent dispenser
Control of water level in tub
Door interlocks
Power of heating element
Temperature control
Audible signalling system
Sensors
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24 positions with incorporated main switch
Communications protocol DAAS-EAP up to 38400 baud
220/240 VAC
50/60 Hz
Jet-system
Jet-system
Two-pole asynchronous
900 - 1600 RPM
FUCS
Solenoid valves
3 compartments: prewash/stain remover, washing, softener
4 compartments: prewash, washing, softener, stain
remover
Two anti-boiling pressure switches
Anti-overflow pressure switch, Aqua control system
Analogue pressure switch
Traditional (with PTC)
Instantaneous (with or without microswitch)
Magnetic
Up to 1950 W
NTC sensor
Traditional, included on display board
Water level sensor
Turbidity sensor
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4 CONTROL PANEL
The configuration of the control panel depends on the following:
ª Type of control/display board
ª Programme selector
ª Design of the control panel (no. of buttons, LEDs)
ª Different configuration of the buttons
Example of control panel:
Buttons:
- max. 8, horizontally
LEDs:
- max. 27
Display:
- 3 digits with 24 red LEDs
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4.1
4.1.1
CONTROL/DISPLAY BOARD
Version with display
Ö 3 digits
Ö 26 LEDs: 24 red, one bicolour (red and green)
Ö 9 buttons
Version without display:
Ö 26 LEDs: 24 red, one bicolour (red and green)
Ö 8 buttons
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5 Washing programmes
5.1.1 Configuration of the programmes
The table below lists the parameters that can be used to define the washing programmes.
Types of fabrics
Special programmes
Temperature
Spin
Options (Normal/Possible)
Programme phases
5.2
Cotton/linen, Synthetics, Delicates, Wool, Hand-wash, Mini
Soak, Rinses, Spin, Drain, Conditioner
Normal, Maximum: the initial temperature is the maximum that
can be selected for a specific washing programme
Normal, Minimum, Maximum
Bleach, Economy (energy label), Stains, Short, Very short,
Reduced spin speed, Night-time cycle, Half-load, Easy-Iron,
Rinse Hold, Extra rinse, Pre-wash, Soak and Sensitive
Pre-wash, Wash, Rinses, Spin, Cycle end
Programme selector
The programme selector defines the type of washing cycle (ex: water level,
drum movement, no of rinses) and washing temperature to be selected
according to the type of wash.
The programme selector can be rotated both clockwise and anti-clockwise.
The first position is used to cancel the current programme (and to switch the
appliance off, if the main switch is incorporated in the selector).
5.3
Start/Pause
Start: after selecting the programme and the desired options, press this button to start. If the delay time
ahs been selected, the countdown will begin and the display will indicate it. The LED stops flashing
and remains lit for the whole duration of the programme.
Pause: by pressing the button again, the current programme is interrupted and the display or the
corresponding LED starts flashing. During the pause phase it is possible to open the door only if the
machine is not during the heating phase, the water level is not high and the drum is not moving.
During the pause it is possible to modify the programme as follows:
- the OPTIONS of the cycle can be modified before the phase by which they have to be performed
- the SPIN can be modified before the final spin
To re-start the programme press the START/PAUSE button again.
5.4
Functions of the buttons
The washing programmes and the functions of the single buttons vary for the different models,
since they are determined by the configuration operation of the appliance.
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6 WASH PROGRAMMES AND OPTIONS
6.1 Possible programmes
The wash programmes can be configured to suit personal needs. The table below lists the standard
programmes:
Programme
90
90E
60
60E
Cotton
50
50/40E
40
30
cold
60
60/50E
50
Synthetics
40
30
cold
40
Delicate fabrics 30
cold
40
Wool
30
cold
40
Hand wash
30
cold
Soak
Rinse
Rinse for delicate
fabrics
Softener
Drain
Spin
Delicate spin
Short cycle
Automatic
Temperature (°C)
85
67
60
57 (*)(**)
50
44 (*)
42
30
20
60
42 (*)
50
40
30
20
40
30
20
40
35
20
40
35
20
No. of rinses
3
2
3
2
3
2
Final spin (RPM)
450/650/850/1000/1200/
1300/1400/1600
3
3
Max. 900
3
450/700
3
Max. 1000
3
Max. 1000
30/20
----
---3
---Max. 1600
----
3
Max. 700
------------30
40
1
---------2
3
Max. 1600
---Max. 1600
Max. 700
Max. 1000
Max. 1200
(*) “energy label” programmes
(**)
Programme
60 E COTTON
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Unit
G20
G22
Temperature (°C)
51-54
54-57
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6.2 Options for the wash cycle
Options are selected after the appliance is switched on and the desired programme is selected, but before
the Start/Pause button is pressed.
When an option button is pressed, the corresponding LED lights up. When the button is pressed again, the
option is cancelled and the LED switches off. The number and types of these buttons vary with the
configuration of the appliance.
Possible options for programmes selected
Phases in
which option
can be selected
Compatibility with options
MINI
PROGRAMME
FRESH UP
DELICATE
FABRICS
SILK
WOOL - HAND
WASH
VISCOSE
40°C
(Fashion)
SOAK
RINSES
SOFTENER
DRAIN
SPIN
STOP W/WATER IN TUB
NIGHT CYCLE
PREWASH
SOAK
STAIN REMOVAL
HEAVY-DUTY
DAILY
SHORT
ENERGY SAVING
SENSITIVE
EXTRA RINSE
BLEACH
HALF-LOAD
EASY IRON
LOWER SPIN SPEED
NO SPIN
DELICATE SPIN
PRESELECTION
PREWASH
WASH
RINSES
SPIN
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X
X
X
X
X
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X
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Delicate spin
X
X
X
X
X
X
No spin
X
X
X
X
Lower spin
speed
X
X
X
X
X
X
Easy iron
X
X
X
X
X
X
Half-load
X
X
X
X
X
X
Bleach
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Extra rinse
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Sensitive
30°C
40°C
30°C
Cold
30°C
40°C
30°C
Cold
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Energy saving
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Stain removal
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Soak
30°C
X
X
X
X
X
Prewash
X
X
X
X
X
X
Short
SYNTHETICS
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Daily
Compatibility with programmes
AUTOMATIC
90°C
60°C
50°C
40°C
30°C
Cold
40°C
60°C
50°C
40°C
30°C
Cold
Heavy-duty
COTTON /
UNIVERSAL
Night cycle
COTTON
Stop with
water in tub
OPTIONS
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
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599 38 31-91
X
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X
X
X
6.3 Description of options
6.3.1
Night cycle
ª No spin phases. Three rinses are added to COTTON cycles and one rinse is added to SYNTHETICS
cycles
ª The appliance is shut down with water in the tub before the final spin
ª No buzzer (if appliance is configured with a buzzer)
ª To drain the water, select a drain or spin cycle
6.3.2
Stop with water in the tub
ª The appliance is shut down with water in the drum before the final spin
ª To drain the water, select a drain or spin cycle.
6.3.3
Prewash
ª A prewash phase is added at the beginning of the cycle. The water is heated to 30°C (or may be cold,
if selected)
ª In COTTON and SYNTHETICS cycles, a short spin (pulse spin) is performed before the wash phase
ª This option is not available in WOOL and HAND WASH cycles
6.3.4
Soak
ª A prewash phase is added (lasting 30’, with the same agitation as in the wool cycle) at the beginning of
the programme. The water is heated to 30°C (or may be cold, if selected)
ª In COTTON and SYNTHETICS cycles, a short spin (pulse spin) is performed before the wash phase
ª When combined with the delayed start option, a soak time from 30 minutes to 10 hours can be selected
ª This option is not available in WOOL and HAND WASH cycles
6.3.5
Stain removal
ª The motor operates for 5 minutes after the water is heated to 40°C
ª Water is run through the prewash/stain remover compartment to withdraw special stain removing
product
ª This option is not available in DELICATE FABRICS, WOOL and HAND WASH cycles
ª Agitation during washing changes from vigorous to normal
6.3.6
Short Daily
ª The wash phase in the COTTON - SYNTHETICS programmes is modified to obtain good performance
in a short time (optimized for small loads)
6.3.7
Very Short (Quick)
ª The COTTON – SYNTHETICS – DELICATE FABRICS programmes are modified to obtain very short
time wash times (optimized for small, lightly soiled loads)
ª The number of rinses is reduced (one less rinse)
ª The water level in the other two rinses is increased
6.3.8
Heavy-duty
ª 10 minutes of normal agitation are added to the wash phase in the cotton programme
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6.3.9
Energy saving / Energy label
ª The COTTON 40°/50°/60°/90° - SYNTHETICS 50°/60° programmes are modified to reduce energy
consumption
ª The wash temperature in the 90°/60°/50° programmes is reduced; the temperature in the 40°
programme is increased by 4°.
ª The length of the wash phase is increased
6.3.10 Sensitive
ª A rinse is added to the COTTON – SYNTHETICS cycles
ª During cotton cycles, agitation is reduced from vigorous to normal
ª Intermediate spin phases are eliminated except for the final two, whose speed is reduced
6.3.11 Extra rinse
ª Two rinses are added to COTTON cycles, and one rinse is added to SYNTHETICS – DELICATE
FABRICS cycles
ª Intermediate spin phases are eliminated except for the final two, which are reduced to 450 RPM.
For the appliances without this button, press it and the corresponding LED lights.
For the appliances with this button, proceed as follows:
To activate it, after selecting a COTTON or SYNTHETICS or DELICATES cycle, press the buttons (no. 1)
and button no. 3 simultaneously for at least 2 seconds, till the corresponding phase LED switches on.
This option remains always active, also in the following cycles; to deactivate it, repeat the same procedure:
press button (no. 1) and button no. 3 simultaneously for at least 2 seconds, till the extra rinse LED switches
off.
6.3.12 “Half load” button
ª Eliminates a rinse in the COTTONS programmes.
6.3.13 Easy-Iron
•
ª
ª
ª
ª
•
ª
ª
ª
ª
ª
In COTTON programmes:
Adds three rinses.
Eliminates the intermediate spins.
Performs an impulse spin phase.
Adds an “untangling” phase after the spin cycle.
In SYNTHETICS cycles:
Reduces the heating temperature in 50/60° cycles to 40°C.
Increases the washing time.
Prolongs the cooling phase at the end of the washing phase.
Adds one rinse without spin cycle.
Adds an “untangling” phase after the impulse spin cycle
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6.3.14 Reduced spin speed
ª Reduces the speed of all spins as shown in the table
600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600
Maximum spin speed (rpm)
450 450 450 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800
Reduction for COTTON (rpm)
Reduction for ALL OTHER CYCLES
450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450
(rpm)
6.3.15 No spin
ª All spin phases are eliminated
ª Three rinses are added to the COTTON cycle and one rinse is added to the SYNTHETICS cycle
6.3.16 Spin speed adjustment
ª The speed of all spin phases in the cycle is lowered
ª The last selected position can be used for no spin and stop with water in the drum
ª No spin adds three rinses to the COTTON cycle and one rinse to the SYNTHETICS cycle
6.3.17 Reduced times (Quick)
ª The COTTON – SYNTHETICS – DELICATE FABRICS programmes are modified to obtain very short
time wash times (optimized for small, lightly soiled loads)
ª The number of rinses is reduced (one less rinse)
ª The water level in the other two rinses is increased
ª When this option is selected, machine configuration is the same as in the SHORT – VERY SHORT
programmes
6.3.18 Temperature adjustment
ª Allows wash temperature to be adjusted up to the max. temperature allowed for the cycle.
ª Available when the cycle is selected; temperature can be adjusted (with machine in the pause mode)
only if the heating phase has not yet begun.
6.3.19 Delayed-start time
• Models with digit
ª It is possible to select, during the programme selection phase, a delayed start from 30 minutes up to
23 hours () 30’) 60’) 90’) 2h) 3h...) 23h) 0h).
ª During the delay phase, the time decreases every hour up to 2h, then by 30minutes.
ª To start the cycle immediately, after the delay time began: press the Start/Pause button, cancel the
delay time by pressing the relative button and press Start/Pause again.
• Models with led
ª Insert a pause before the start of the programme, the delay time is indicated by the corresponding
LEDs.
ª To start the cycle immediately, after the delay time began: press the Start/Pause button, cancel the
delay time by pressing the relative button and press Start/Pause again.
6.3.20 Exclusion of the buzzer”
In models with the buzzer it is possible to exclude
the acoustic signal during the selection or at the
end of the cycle, but the alarm remains on.
ª Press buttons no. 1 and no. 2 simultaneously
to deactivate the buzzer for 2 seconds; this
option will be memorised until it will be
deactivated with the same procedure.
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6.4
Variation of rinses when options are selected
Night cycle
Easy iron
No spin
Night cycle
Easy iron
No spin
Super rinse
DELICATE
FABRICS
WOOL
HAND WASH
SILK
Super rinse
SYNTHETICS
Sensitive
PROGRAMMES
COTTON
Very short (Quick)
Short (Daily normal)
Short (79 min.)
Energy saving
Normal
Very short (Quick)
Short (Daily)
Short (Daily)*
Energy saving
Normal
Very short (Quick)
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
No. of rinses with options
2
3
2
2
3
2
3
2
3
3
2
3
3
3
2
3
4
3
3
4
3
4
3
4
4
3
4
5
4
4
5
3
4
3
4
4
3
4
3
5
6
5
5
6
3
4
3
4
4
3
6
7
6
6
7
4
5
4
5
5
5
N.B.: The HALF-LOAD option subtracts one rinse from all COTTON programmes, except for the
VERY SHORT programme.
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6.5
Display (some models)
The display shows the following information:
Ö three flashing digits, when the appliance is switched on.
Ö the duration of the washing programme, which appears after selecting it. This time corresponds to
that necessary for the maximum load for every type of programme. After starting the programme, the
time diminishes (and updates) by every minute.
Ö the end of the programme indicated by a "0" (when it is possible to open the door).
Ö the delayed start, selected by the relative button. After pressing the START/PAUSE button, the
countdown starts and the delayed time diminishes by every hour. In the last 2 hours diminishes by
30min.
Ö an alarm code, indicating anomalies in the functioning of the machine.
6.6
LEDs
The LEDs indicate different information according to the type of configuration; the End-of-cycle Led is
featured in all models.
Type of Led
Functions
Lights during selection mode if the programme includes the pre-wash phase, and during
the execution of the pre-wash.
Lights during selection mode if the programme includes the wash phase, and during the
Wash
execution of the wash.
Lights during selection mode if the programme includes the pre-wash or wash phases, and
Pre-wash/Wash
during the execution of these phases.
Lights during selection mode if the programme includes rinse phases, and during the
Rinse
execution of the rinse.
Lights during selection mode if the programme includes the spin phase, and during the
Spin
execution of the spin.
Lights during selection mode if the programme includes the drain phase, and during the
Drain
execution of the drain
Lights when this option has been memorized (if included in the cycle) during the execution
Extra rinse
of the rinse.
Lights if the programme includes the rinse-hold option and at the end of the cycle, when
Rinse hold
the appliance stops with water in the tub.
Lights
during execution of the cycle
Current cycle
Pre-wash
End of cycle
Lights when the programme has been completed; also used to display alarm conditions
Blocked filter Lights at the end of the cycle if the drain filter is blocked.
Overdosing
ON/OFF
Door
Door locked
Lights at the end of the cycle if an overdosing alarm of detergent occurs.
Lights when the appliance is switched on
ª Lights when the door is locked by the interlock.
ª Switches off when the door is locked.
ª Flashes when the door is about to unlock (it is clear above all in models with safety
device with PTC)
Lights when the display shows the time-to-end
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7 TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
7.1 EWM3000NEW Electronic control system
The EWM3000NEW electronic control system consists of a
main board (1), a control / display board (2) and an inverter
board which controls motor speed.
7.1.1
Functions provided by the electronic board
DISPLAY BOARD
PROGRAMME
SELECTOR
LEDs
Buttons
μP
Display
INVERTER
&
MOTOR
μP
SENSORS
Buzzer
ELECTRICAL
LOADS
MAIN BOARD
The electronic board:
Ö Receives cycle settings from the control/display board. The buttons, LEDs and display are located on
this board.
Ö Powers all the electrical components (solenoids, drain pump, heating element, door lock unit).
Ö Controls the temperature of the wash water using a signal from an NTC sensor, and controls the speed
of the motor through the inverter board (using a signal from a tachometric generator).
Ö Controls the water level in the tub by monitoring the level pressure switch and safety switch.
Ö Controls the water level in the tub by monitoring the flow meter.
7.1.2
Memories contained in the electronic control system
μP
Power failure and
machine status
EEPROM
External serial
port
(Asynchronous)
ROM
RAM
Internal serial
port
(Synchronous)
(not
included
in
processor)
Configuration of
appliance
Description of
cycle
The main board is equipped with an EEPROM that is not included in the microprocessor. It is used
to store data on machine configuration, description of the cycle, and status of the cycle in case of a power
failure or alarm.
Configuration data is programmed at the factory by a computer with a DAAS interface. This data
determines the operation of the appliance (number and types of programmes, options, LEDs, etc.).
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The memory for the microprocessor on the main board is divided into three parts:
ROM
This area of memory contains the general instructions that control the functions of the appliance,
such as managing electronic components and alarms. It is written by the manufacturer of the
microprocessor and cannot be changed.
RAM
This memory contains all the variables used to execute the wash programme, which are written
in a dynamic manner. It can be read using a DAAS interface.
EEPROM This area of memory contains:
⇒ The data required for restarting the appliance after a power failure.
⇒ Wash cycle parameters such as fill level, speed and type of motor movement, and
temperatures during the various wash phases. Once they are written, these parameters are
protected and can normally be read only with a DAAS interface. The parameters can be
modified using a special command that unprotects them.
⇒ Configuration parameters such as final spin speed, tub volume, type of wash, etc. These
parameters can be programmed using a DAAS interface.
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7.2 Analogue pressure switch (electronic)
The electronic pressure switch is an analogue device that controls the water level in the tub. It is directly
connected to the main board.
1. air intake tube
2. diaphragm
3. coil
4. electronic circuit
(oscillator)
5. core
6. spring
7. calibration screw
8. connector
A tube connects the pressure switch to an
internal pressure takeoff.
When water is loaded into the tub,
pressure is created in the water circuit,
which moves the diaphragm. When the
diaphragm moves, the position of the core
inside the coil changes, which varies the
inductance and, as a result, changes the
frequency of the oscillator. The main
board measures this frequency and
determines the amount of water that has
been loaded into the tub.
Variation of frequency depending on the pressure.
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7.3
Pressure switch
A two-level pressure switch is used as a safety device with the following functions:
• contact 11-14: antiboiling safety level
• contact 21-24: antiboiling safety level
7.3.1
Calibration of the levels on the pressure switch
Antiboiling levels
Antiboiling levels
7.4
Full (mm)
50± 3
50± 3
Top-up (mm)
30± 3
30± 3
Power supply and programme selection
The main board (3) is powered by the
interference suppressor (1) and by the
closure of the contacts of the main switch
(2). The affected connectors are J6-2
(neutral) and J10-1 (line).
The control/display board (4) is powered
at 5V by the main board: through the
programme selector (5) it is possible to
select the programme. The selection of
the options / start is performed through
the board buttons (4).
The buzzer (if featured) (6) is powered by
the display board.
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7.5
Door interlock system
The appliance may be equipped with any of the following types of systems:
• Voltmetric with PTC: when the cycle ends, the user must wait 1 − 3 minutes before opening the door
• Instantaneous: the door can be opened immediately when the cycle ends
• Instantaneous with microswitch (that switches on a lamp or displays the weight of the laundry)
7.5.1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Voltmetric device with PTC
Interference filter
Main switch
Safety lock on door
Main board
“Door locked” indicator light
• Operating principle
ª When the programme is started by pushing the Start/Pause button, the triac on the main board
(connector J10-2) supplies power to the bimetallic PTC switch (contacts 3-5). After 2-4 seconds, the
switch closes (5-4) that feeds power to the electronic components on the machine (but only if the door
is closed).
ª This device keeps the door from opening while the machine is operating.
ª When the wash programme ends, the main board removes power from the device, but the door stays
locked for 1- 2 minutes (the time required by the PTC to cool down).
• “Door locked” indicator light
ª Some models are equipped with an indicator light which indicates that the door is locked. The light
switches off when the door can be opened.
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7.5.2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Instantaneous door interlock
Interference filter
Main switch
Door interlock device
Main board
“Door locked” indicator light
• Operating principle
ª When the ON/OFF switch closes and the appliance is switched on, power is applied to the bimetallic
PTC switch (contact 4-2), but the door remains unlocked.
ª When the programme starts (Start/Pause button), the main board sends a 20 msec pulse to contacts
4-3 on the solenoid (connector J10-2 on the board) (at least 6 seconds must have passed since the
appliance was switched on). This locks the door and simultaneously closes the main switch (contacts
4-5), thus applying power to all components on the appliance.
ª When the programme ends, the main board sends two additional 20 msec pulses (200 msec apart):
- the first pulse does not unlock the door
- the second pulse (which is sent only if the appliance is operating properly) unlocks the door lock device
and simultaneously opens the contacts on the main switch.
•
ª
-
Conditions required for opening the door
Before pulses are sent to open the door, the main board checks for the following conditions:
The drum must not be moving (no signal from the tachometric generator).
The water level must not be higher than the bottom of the door.
The water temperature must not exceed 50º C.
• Automatic unlock
ª If a power failure occurs, if the appliance is shut off, or if the solenoid malfunctions, the bimetallic PTC
will cool down and the door will unlock in 1 - 4 minutes.
• “Door locked” indicator light
ª Some models are equipped with an indicator light which indicates that the door is locked. The light
switches off when the door can be opened.
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7.6
Water fill system
The solenoid valves are powered by the main board through two or three triacs. The state of the pressure
switch (full-empty) is detected over two sensing lines.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Main board
Antiboiling level switch
Antiboiling level switch
Solenoid valve for prewash
Solenoid valve for wash
Solenoid valve for bleach (on some
models)
7. Heating element
7.6.1
Flow meter
Some models of solenoid valves have a built-in flow sensor which measures the quantity of water in litres
that is loaded into the appliance.
If the sensor malfunctions, the water level is controlled by the analogue pressure switch.
Solenoid valve – exploded view
1-Circuit board
2-Turbine
3-Deflector
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4-Diffuser
5-Double filter
6- Reed switch
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Turbine
7-Magnet
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7.6.2
Operating principle of flow meter
The main components of the flow sensor are:
Contact closed
Contact open
Signal 0
Signal 1
1 – Turbine (with magnet and
counterweight mounted on the
outside)
2 –Reed switch (normally open)
3 – Magnet
4 – Counterweight
Water entering the solenoid valve rotates the turbine (1) and magnet (3), which passes in front of the reed
switch (2), thus closing it. As this contact opens and closes, it generates pulses at a frequency that is a
function of water flow.
The turbine completes 230 revolutions for each litre of water. The operating range of the flow sensor is 0.210 bar.
Using the signal it receives, the microprocessor can calculate the number of litres of water passing through
the solenoid valve.
Mechanical jamming of solenoid valve
The solenoid valve may jam open without being actuated (which will cause flooding if the pressure switch
controlling the water level does not trip). If this occurs, the electronic control system (which continuously
monitors the flow sensor) will lock the door, start the drain pump and display an alarm.
Low water pressure
If the flow sensor does not generate a signal during water fill even though power is being applied to the
solenoid valve, the cause of this condition may be a closed water tap or clogged filter on the solenoid valve
(with consequent low water pressure). If this occurs, a warning will be displayed and the cycle will continue
for five minutes, after which time an alarm will be signalled.
The solenoid valve controlling residual condensed water operates during the drying phase on washerdryers. The alarm is deactivated because the amount of water flow is very small.
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7.7
Drain pump
1. Main board
2. Antiboiling pressure switch
AE2
3. Antiboiling pressure switch
AE1
4. Drain pump
5. Interference filter
6. Aqua Control
The main board powers the drain pump through a triac in the following way:
ª For a programmed time
ª Until the antiboiling pressure switch closes in the empty position, after which time the pump operates
briefly or the programme moves to the next phase.
7.8
Recirculation pump
On jetsystem models, the main board powers the recirculation pump through a triac.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Main board
Antiboiling pressure switch AE 2
Antiboiling pressure switch AE 1
Recirculation pump
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7.9
Water Control
The Water Control system is a sensor located in contact with the base frame. The sensor detects water
leaks inside the machine (not only during normal operation, but also when the unit is off and plugged in) and
starts the drain pump if a leak occurs.
1. Main board
2. Antiboiling pressure switch
AE2
3. Antiboiling pressure switch
AE1
4. Drain pump
5. Interference filter
6. Water Control
Besides supporting the various components on the appliance (drain pump, recirculation pump, shock
absorbers, etc.), the base frame is designed to be a container that collects any water leaks that may occur
(from the tub, from a tube or pipe, etc.). These leaks are directed into an area where a float is installed.
When this float is raised by water, it actuates a microswitch that starts the drain pump. When the switch is
tripped, an alarm is also signalled (if the machine is switched on).
1. microswitch
2. float
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7.10
Heating system
1. Main board
2. Antiboiling pressure switch AE
2
3. Antiboiling pressure switch
AE1
4. Heating element
5. NTC temperature sensor
The heating element is powered by a relay on the main board through the contacts on the pressure
switches, which must be closed on “full”.
7.10.1 Heating element
1. Heating element
(1950W)
2. NTC sensor
7.10.2 Temperature sensor
The temperature is controlled by the main board using an NTC temperature sensor.
TEMPERATURE
(ºC)
20
60
80
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6050
1250
640
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RESISTANCE (Ω)
Maximum value
6335
1278
620
Minimum value
5765
1222
660
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7.11
Turbidity sensor
This sensor is installed only on machines equipped with a recirculation pump.
1. Housing
2. Electronic circuit
3. Transparent tube
The sensor consists of a transparent tube installed in the water circulation circuit. A diode (4) on the side of
the tube emits infrared rays (at a frequency of 2.3 KHz, as generated by the electronic circuit) and a
phototransistor (5) on the other side of the tube is hit by the rays. The amount of current conducted by the
phototransistor depends on the how clear the water is: the clearer the water, the more current the
phototransistor conducts and, as a result, the higher the voltage output from the electronic circuit.
Low Conduction
Medium Conduction
Maximum Conduction
The turbidity sensor operates during the Whites and Colours programmes (COTTON).
It does not operate during the 60°C and 40°C Energy Saving programmes and the Night cycle.
The sensor is calibrated at the end of the wash cycle.
The sensor detects the turbidity of the water at the end of the first rinse and again at the beginning of the
second rinse. The relationship between the two measurements is compared with values programmed on
the board, and the result of the comparison determines whether another rinse is carried out.
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7.12
Inverter
The EWM3000 electronic control system uses a new 2-pole, three-phase, asynchronous motor offering
high performance at low noise levels.
General schematic of the inverter
L
N
A
B
C
D
I1-6
F1-3
μP
= Phase
= Neutral
= Inverter board
= Motor
= Condenser
= Diodes
= Switches
= Motor connectors
= Microprocessor
A newly designed circuit board (A) is used to convert single-phase power (available in homes) into threephase power. The amplitude and frequency of the three-phase power can be varied to adjust motor power
and RPM, respectively.
Single-phase power (applied to connectors L-N) is rectified by a diode bridge (D) to generate 310 VDC at
the poles of condenser C. The combined opening and closing of switches I1-I6 (this switching is performed
by the microprocessor) determines the voltage and frequency of the power applied to the motor.
Clockwise motor operation
Counter-clockwise operation
Motor speed is controlled using the signal from a tachometric generator (T).
During spin phases, the microprocessor may perform (depending on the configuration of the software)
checks for antifoam (if available on the machine) and anti-unbalancing.
ƒ
ƒ
The electrical components must be serviced by qualified personnel only
Unplug the appliance before accessing internal components
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7.13
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Motor
Main board
Antiboiling pressure switch AE2
Antiboiling pressure switch AE1
Inverter
Motor
T = tachometric generator
X-Y-X = motor windings
7.14
Power feed to motor
Three-phase power is fed by the inverter (4) to connectors 5-6-8, which are connected to connectors 5-6-4
on the motor (nodes V-W-U), where the windings (Y-X-Z-) are connected. The phase shift between the
phases is 120° and peak amplitude is 310V.
The condition of the motor can be determined
by measuring the resistance of the windings:
Winding y: ∼ 5.4 ohms ±7% (contacts 1-2)
Winding x: ∼ 5.4 ohms ±7% (contacts 2-3)
Winding z: ∼ 5.4 ohms ±7% (contacts 1-3)
Winding T (tachometric): ∼ 121 ohms ±7% (contacts 4-5)
ƒ
ƒ
The electrical components must be serviced by qualified personnel only
Unplug the appliance before accessing internal components
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7.15
Anti-foam control
The anti-foam system (if installed) is controlled by the antiboiling pressure switch (AB).
Spin phase without foam
Spin phase with little foam
Spin
Antifoam
(Level AB)
Pulse at 300
RPM
Pulse at 300 RPM
FUCS
FUCS
•
•
Spin
Spin phase with little foam: if the contact of pressure switch AB closes on “full”, the spin phase is
interrupted and the drain pump continues to operate. When the contact returns to “empty”, the spin
phase resumes.
Spin with too much foam in the tub (critical situation): this condition is signalled if the pressure
switch moves to “full” 5 times. If this occurs, the spin phase is skipped and the appliance drains for
one minute with the motor stopped. If the spin at the end of the wash phase is skipped, an extra rinse
phase is added.
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7.16
FUCS (Fast Unbalance Control System)
rpm
The control procedure for unbalanced loads is performed dynamically, before each spin cycle, as follows:
ª The phase begins at a speed of 55 RPM. The speed may not drop below this threshold; if it does, the
check is repeated.
ª At intervals of 300 ms, the balance is calculated and compared with established limits. If the value is
lower than the limit, drum speed is increased by a certain amount that depends on the transmission
ratio between the motor pulley and the drum. If unbalance is greater than the limit, the speed is
decreased by the same amount, which enables the laundry to arrange itself correctly. The process
continues until the load is completely balanced.
ª Correct balancing of the load occurs at 115 RPM. After this speed is reached, the spin cycle begins.
True speed
Selected speed
The unbalance control procedure may be performed in a number of phases. Each phase involves:
ª an unbalancing rating (0-1-2-3)
ª an unbalancing threshold (ex: 350, 650, 850, 1200g)
ª a timeout
• Conclusion of the FUCS procedure
The FUCS procedure is considered to be concluded when:
ª The speed of drum rotation is 115 RPM (or 85 RPM for certain unbalance ratings). At this point, the
scheduled spin phase is carried out.
ª In some cases, optimum balance is not reached and the spin is performed at a lower speed that
depends on the level of unbalance.
ª In the worst case scenario, a minimum level of balance is not achieved after all the FUCS phases have
been performed and the spin phase is skipped.
• Situation of ideal balancing
Phase 0,
Timeout = 60 sec
Phase 1
Timeout = 120 sec
115 RPM
55
RPM
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•
An example of drum balancing in the longest interval of time available
1
2
Phase
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
•
3
4
5
Unbalance rating
0
1
2
3
1
2
3
6
7
Time-out (sec)
60
120
60
90
120
60
90
An example of unbalancing after all FUCS phases have been performed
In this case, the spin (or pulse operation) is skipped.
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8 DEMO Mode
A special cycle has been created for demonstration of the operation of these appliances in retail outlets
without connecting the appliance to the water supply. In this way, the salesman can select any programme;
after starting the cycle by pressing START, the appliance will perform certain phases only, and will skip
those which cannot be performed (water fill, drain, heating).
The cycle takes place as follows:
ª the door locking device is actioned in the normal way (i.e. the door remains locked while the appliance
is in operation, and can be opened at the end of the cycle or in pause mode)
ª motor: all low-speed movements are enabled, while the pulse signals and the spin cycle are excluded
ª the water fill solenoids and the drain pump are disabled
ª display: since the phases of the cycle take place in rapid succession (1 second of the demo cycle is
equivalent to 1 minute of the actual cycle), the time-to-elapse decreases by 1 unit per second.
Remember that the time-to-elapse does not always correspond to the actual cycle time
ª alarms: for reasons of safety, the following groups of alarms remain enabled: E40 (door closed), E50
and E90 (communication between the boards/configuration).
8.1
Demo mode setting
ª Switch the appliance off
ª Press buttons 1 and 5 simultaneously and then, holding them down, switch the appliance on by
rotating the programme selector of two positions clockwise
ª Hold buttons 1 and 5 down until the LEDs start flashing (about 5 seconds.
8.2
Exiting demo mode
ª To exit demo mode, switch the appliance off.
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9 DIAGNOSTICS SYSTEM
9.1
Access to diagnostics system
Using a single procedure, it is possible to access to the diagnostics system. After accessing this function,
the following operations can be performed:
ƒ control of the operation of each of the components in the appliance
ƒ read / cancel the alarms
The diagnostics cycles are available only if the communication between the main PCB and the display
board is correct; moreover there should not be configuration errors of the appliance.
To access:
1. Cancel the set programme and switch the appliance off.
2. Press buttons 1 and 2 simultaneously and then, holding them down, switch the appliance on by rotating
the programme selector of one position clockwise.
In the first position the function test of the buttons and the corresponding LEDs is performed; by rotating
the programme selector clockwise the operation diagnostics of each component and the reading of the
alarms is carried out.
9.2
Exiting diagnostics system
ª To exit the diagnostics system switch the appliance off, on and then off again.
9.3
Phases of the diagnostics test
Independently of the type of selector, after activating the diagnostics system, the operation diagnostics of
the different components and the reading of the alarms can be performed, by rotating the selector
clockwise.
In the diagnostics cycle all alarms are activated. If during the cycle operation an alarm occurs, the
appliance blocks and the LEDs (and the display) flash indicating the relative code.
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Selector position
1
2
3
4
5
Door interlock
Washing solenoid if the level
of water in the tub is below
1st level
Heating element.
6
7
8
9
Diagnostics phases
Components actioned
Operating conditions
All the LEDs light in
sequence. When a button is
pressed, the corresponding
Always activated
LED lights (and the buzzer, if
featured, sounds)
Door locked
Water level below
Door interlock
anti-flooding level
Washing solenoid
Maximum time 5
minutes
Door locked
Water level below
Door interlock
anti-flooding level
Pre-wash solenoid
Maximum time 5
minutes
Door locked
Water level below
Door interlock
anti-flooding level
Pre-wash and wash solenoids
Maximum time 5
minutes
Door locked
Water level below
Door interlock.
anti-flooding level
Bleach/stains solenoid.
Maximum time 5
minutes
---
Function checked
Operation of the
user interface
Water ducted
through washing
compartment
Water ducted
through pre-wash
compartment
(bleach)
Water ducted
through conditioner
compartment
Water ducted through
bleach/stains
compartment
Door locked.
Water at 1st level.
Heating
Maximum time 10 min.
or up to 90ºC. (*)
Door interlock.
Door locked
(Washing solenoid if the level
Water level at 1st level.
Check for leaks from
of water in the tub is below 1st
the tub
level). Motor (55 rpm
clockwise, 55 rpm counterclockwise, 250 rpm impulse)
Drain and spin;
Door interlock
Door locked
control of
Drain pump
Water level lower than
congruence in
Motor up to 650 rpm then at anti-boiling level for
closure of level
maximum spin speed
spinning
pressure switches
-------
10
Reading/cancelling last alarm
---
---
11, 12 ...24
All LEDs light in sequence. Pressing a button the corresponding LED lights
(and the Buzzer sounds, if featured)
(*) In most cases, this time is sufficient to check the heating. However, the time can be increased by
repeating the phase without draining the water: for a moment to a different phase of the diagnostics cycle
and then back to the heating control phase (if the temperature is higher than 80°C, heating does not take
place).
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9.3.1
LEDs display board diagnostics
After entering the diagnostics system, the display board is checked: all LEDs and the display light in
sequence (if featured).
Pressing all buttons, the corresponding
LEDs switch on or those closer; the display
shows the hexadecimal code
corresponding to the button codification.
9.3.2 Programme selector
In the table are indicated the closures between the contact C6
(common) and the other contacts (C1−C5) of the programme selector
in the different positions and the corresponding codification. The code
is displayed only in the appliances with display.
Selector position
Type 24
positions
1 - Cancel
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
Closure of selector contacts
(C6 is the common)
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
36/48
599 38 31-91
10 ALARMS
10.1 Displaying the alarms to the user
Control of the alarm system can be configured; according to the model, therefore, some or all of the alarms
may be displayed to the user.
Normally all the alarms are displayed to the user except for:
- E10 – water fill
- E20 – drain water
- E40 – door closure
- E90 – configuration
The alarms are active during the execution of the washing programme; except for the alarms
relative to the configuration and power/frequency supply which are displayed also in the selection
phase.
The door can normally be opened (except where specified) when an alarm condition has occurred on
condition that:
• The level of the water in the tub is below 1st level
• The temperature of the water is lower than 55°C
Certain alarm conditions require that a drain phase be performed before the door can be opened:
• Cooling water fill if the temperature is in excess of 65°C
• Drain until closure of both pressure switch contacts (1st level and anti-boiling safety system) on
EMPTY within a maximum of 3 minutes.
10.1.1 Alarms displayed during normal operation
The type of alarm condition is displayed to the user by the repeated flashing of the
END OF CYCLE LED (0.4 seconds lit, 0.4 seconds off, with an interval of 2.5 seconds
between sequences). This LED is featured on ALL MODELS, though configured in
different positions.
If, for example, the user should forget to close the door, the
control system will detect alarm E41 about 15 seconds after the
start of the cycle; the cycle remains in PAUSE mode and the
display, if featured, would display E40.
Simultaneously the LED end-of-cycle flashes repeating the
sequence indicated in the table.
The four flashing indicate the first of the two digits of the alarm
E41 (the alarms relative to a same function are grouped by
families).
In this case, once the door has been closed, it is sufficient to
press the start button to start the programme.
LED end of cycle
On/Off
Time
(Sec.)
Value
0.4
1
0.4
0.4
2
0.4
0.4
3
0.4
0.4
4
0.4
2.5
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37/48
Pause
between
sequences
599 38 31-91
10.2 Reading the alarm codes
In order to read the last alarm code memorized in the EEPROM on the PCB:
• Enter diagnostics mode
• Irrespective of the type of PCB and configuration, turn the programme
selector clockwise to the tenth position.
10.2.1 Displaying the alarm
The alarm is displayed by a repeated flashing sequence of the two LEDs (0.4
seconds lit, 0.4 seconds off, with an interval of 2.5 seconds between
sequences).
The buzzer (if featured) will sound “bips” in synchronization with the flashing of
the LEDs.
• END OF CYCLE LED → indicates the first digit of the alarm code (family)
• START/PAUSE → indicates the second digit of the alarm code (number
within the family)
These two LEDs are featured on all models (though they are configured
differently), and flash simultaneously.
Notes:
• The first letter of the alarm code “E” (Error) is not displayed, since this letter is common to all alarm
codes.
• The alarm code “families” are shown in hexadecimal; in other words:
→ A is represented by 10 flashes
→ B is represented by 11 flashes
→ ...
→ F is represented by 15 flashes
• Configuration errors are shown by the flashing of a series of LEDs.
10.2.2 Examples of alarm displays
Example: Alarm E43 will display the following:
• On the display, if featured, E43
• The sequence of four flashes of the End-of-cycle LED indicates the first number E43;
• The sequence of three flashes of the Start/Pause LED indicates the second number E43;
END-OF-CYCLE LED
On/Off
Time
(Sec.)
START/PAUSE LED
Value
0.4
On/Off
Time
(Sec.)
Value
0.4
1
0.4
1
0.4
0.4
0.4
2
0.4
2
0.4
0.4
0.4
3
0.4
0.4
3
0.4
0.4
2.5
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
4
3,3
Pause
Pause
38/48
599 38 31-91
10.2.3 Operation of alarms during diagnostics
All alarms are enabled during the components diagnostics phase. Moving the selector to pass from one
control phase to the other, the appliance exits the alarm condition and performs the selected phase (if the
alarm does not occur again).
10.3 Notes about some alarms
ƒ Configuration alarms
ª E91: the error is indicated by the flashing of all the LEDs, E90 is displayed on the display, if
featured
ª E92: the error is indicated by the flashing of the LEDs placed over the buttons, E90 is displayed
on the display, if featured
ª E93: the error is indicated by the flashing of the phase/warning LEDs, E90 is displayed on the
display, if featured
ª E95: the error is indicated by the flashing of the LEDs, is displayed on the display, if featured
ª EB1-EB2-EB3 alarms: in case of problems with the power supply, the machine remains in
alarm condition till the frequency or the power supply voltage returns to correct values or the
appliance is switched off. “EB0” alarm family is displayed and it is not possible to enter the
diagnostics or to use “alarm fast display” mode: the alarm complete can be read only when the
abnormal situation terminated.
10.4 Rapid reading of alarm codes
The last alarm code can be displayed even if the programme selector is not in the tenth position
(diagnostics) or if the appliance is in normal operating mode (e.g. during the execution of the washing
programme):
ª Press buttons 1 and 2 simultaneously for at least 2 seconds: the LED switch off and then display the
sequence of flashes indicating the alarm.
ª The alarm sequence is displayed for the time in which the buttons are hold down
ª The reading system is the same as that indicated in paragraph. 10.2
ª During the time the alarm is displayed, the appliance continues to perform the cycle or, if it is in the
selection phase, it keeps in memory the options previously chosen.
10.5 Cancelling the last alarm
It is good practice to cancel the last alarm, after reading the alarm code to check whether the alarm reoccurs during the diagnostics control after the reparation of the appliance.
1. Select diagnostics mode and turn the programme selector to the tenth position (reading of alarm)
2. Press buttons 1 and 5 simultaneously.
1. Hold buttons 1 and 5 down (about 2 seconds).
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599 38 31-91
10.6 Table of alarm codes
Alarm
E11
E13
E21
E23
E24
E31
E32
E33
E34
E35
E36
Possible malfunction
Action/status of machine
Tap closed or water pressure too low; Drain tube improperly positioned;
Water fill solenoid valve is defective; Leaks from water circuit on
Poor water fill before wash cycle
Cycle is paused with door locked.
pressure switch; Pressure switch defective; Wiring defective; Main board
defective.
Drain tube improperly positioned; Water pressure too low;
Water leaks
Water fill solenoid valve is defective; Water circuit on pressure switch is Cycle is paused with door locked.
leaking/clogged; Pressure switch defective.
Drain tube kinked/clogged/improperly positioned; Drain filter
clogged/dirty; Drain pump defective; Pressure switch defective; Wiring
Poor draining
Cycle is paused.
defective; Main board defective; Electrical current leak between heating
element and ground.
Emergency drain procedure - Cycle
Defective triac for drain pump
Drain pump defective; Wiring defective; Main board defective.
stops with door unlocked.
Malfunction in sensing circuit on triac for drain
Emergency drain procedure - Cycle
Main board defective.
pump
stops with door unlocked.
Malfunction in pressure switch circuit
Pressure switch;
(frequency of signal from pressure switch out Wiring;
Cycle stops with door locked.
of limits)
Main board.
Electronic pressure switch improperly
Tap is closed or water pressure is too low;
calibrated (level on electronic pressure switch
Solenoid valve;
differs from 0-66 mm after initial calibration
Cycle is paused.
Water circuit on pressure switches; pressure switches;
drain and when antiboiling pressure switch is
Wiring; main board.
on “empty”).
Pressure switch defective;
Inconsistency between level on electronic
Electrical current leak between heating element and ground; Heating
pressure switch and level on antiboiling
Emergency drain procedure - Cycle
element; Wiring defective;
pressure switch 1-2 (fault persists for at least
stops with door unlocked.
Main board defective.
60 sec.).
Water circuit.
Pressure switch defective;
Inconsistency between level on electronic
Electrical current leak between heating element and ground; Heating
pressure switch and level on antiboiling
Emergency drain procedure - Cycle
element; Wiring defective;
pressure switch 2 (fault persists for at least 60
stops with door unlocked.
Main board defective.
sec.).
Water circuit.
Cycle stops. Emergency drain
Water fill solenoid valve is defective; Leaks from water circuit on
procedure. Drain pump continues to
Overflow
pressure switch; Pressure switch defective; Wiring defective; Main board
operate (5 min. on, then 5 min. off,
defective.
etc.).
Sensing circuit on antiboiling pressure switch
Main board defective.
Cycle stops with door locked.
1 defective
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
Description
40/48
Reset
Start
Start
Start
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
Start
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
599 38 31-91
Alarm
E37
E38
E39
E3A
E41
E42
E43
E44
E45
E52
E57
E58
E59
E5A
E5B
E5C
E5D
E5E
Description
Sensing circuit on antiboiling pressure switch
2 defective
Internal pressure takeoff is clogged (water
level does not change for at least 30 sec. of
drum rotation).
Defective HV sensing on overflow prevention
system
Faulty sensing by heating resistance relay
Possible malfunction
Cycle stops with door locked.
Water circuit on pressure switches;
Pressure switches;
Motor belt broken.
Heating phase is skipped.
Main board defective.
Cycle stops with door locked.
OFF/reset
Main board defective.
Cycle stops with door locked.
OFF/reset
Wiring defective, Inverter board defective.
Inverter board defective, the mains voltage is too high (measure the
mains voltage).
Data transfer error between inverter and main Line interference, Wiring defective, defective main board or inverter
board
board.
Communication error between inverter and Defective wiring between main board and inverter board,
main board
Defective inverter board, defective main board.
Input voltage is too high
---
Start
Cycle is paused.
Start
(Safety drain cycle) Cycle stops.
OFF/reset
(Safety drain cycle) Cycle stops.
OFF/reset
(Safety drain cycle) Cycle stops.
OFF/reset
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
Cycle stops.
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
Inverter board fails to start the motor
Defective inverter board, Defective wiring, defective main board.
E61
Insufficient heating during wash cycle
Defective NTC sensor for wash cycle; Heating element defective; Wiring
Heating phase is skipped.
defective; Main board defective.
41/48
OFF/reset
Cycle is paused.
E5F
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
Reset
Main board defective.
Door lock unit defective; Wiring defective;
Door unlocked
Main board defective.
Door lock unit defective; Wiring defective;
Problems closing the door
Main board defective
Defective triac supplying power to door delay Door lock unit defective; Wiring defective;
system
Main board defective.
Defective sensing by door delay system
Main board defective.
Defective sensing by triac on door delay
Main board defective.
system
No signal from tachometric generator on
Motor defective; Wiring defective on inverter for motor;
motor
Inverter board defective.
Motor defective; Wiring defective on inverter for motor, inverter board
Inverter is drawing too much current (>15A)
defective.
Motor defective; Wiring defective on inverter for motor, inverter board
Motor is drawing too much current (>4.5A)
defective, abnormal motor operation (motor overloaded).
No signal from tachometric generator for more Motor defective; Wiring defective on inverter for motor;
than 3 seconds
Inverter board defective.
Inverter board defective. NTC open (on the inverter board).
Overheating on heat dissipater for inverter Overheating caused by continuous operation or ambient conditions (let
appliance cool down).
Input voltage is lower than 175V
Action/status of machine
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
OFF
OFF/reset
Start
599 38 31-91
Alarm
Description
E62
Overheating during wash cycle
E66
Relay supplying power to heating element
defective
E71
NTC sensor for wash cycle defective
E74
NTC sensor for wash cycle improperly
positioned
E82
E83
E84
E85
E91
E92
E93
E94
E95
E97
EB1
EB2
EB3
EBE
EBF
EC1
EC2
Possible malfunction
Action/status of machine
Defective NTC sensor for wash cycle; Heating element defective; Wiring Safety drain cycle - Cycle stops with
defective; Main board defective.
door unlocked.
Main board defective; Electrical current leak from heating element to
Safety drain cycle - Cycle stops with
ground.
door unlocked.
Defective NTC sensor; Wiring defective;
Heating is skipped.
Main board defective.
NTC sensor improperly positioned; Defective NTC sensor; Wiring
Heating is skipped.
defective; Main board defective.
Error in selector reset position
PCB faulty (Wrong configuration data). Selector, wiring.
Error in reading selector
PCB faulty (Wrong configuration data). Selector, wiring.
Recirculation pump defective (inconsistency Recirculation pump;
between the state of the sensing circuit for the Wiring;
recirculation pump and the state of the triac) Main board.
Defective sensing circuit on triac for
recirculation pump (input voltage on
Main board.
microprocessor remains at 0 or 5 V).
Communication error between main board and Wiring defective; Control/display board defective
display board
Main board defective.
Inconsistency in communication between main
Wrong control/display board;
board and display board
Wrong main board (not right for model).
(versions not compatible)
Configuration error on appliance
Main board defective (Improper programming).
Configuration error on wash cycle
Main board defective (Improper programming).
Communication error between microprocessor
Main board defective.
and EEPROM
Inconsistency between list of programmes and
Main board defective (Improper programming).
configuration of cycle
Frequency of power supplied to appliance out Problems with the power mains (wrong power/interference); Main board
of limits
defective.
Problems with the power mains (wrong power/interference); Main board
Input voltage too high
defective.
Problems with the power mains (wrong power/interference); Main board
Input voltage too low
defective.
Inconsistency between safety relay and
Main board defective, defective wiring.
sensing circuit
Sensing circuit on safety system defective
(input voltage on microprocessor remains at 0 Main board defective.
or 5 V).
Solenoid valve inoperative but flow meter
Main board defective, Solenoid valve defective.
operating
Signal from turbidity sensor out of limits
Turbidity sensor defective, Main board defective, Wiring defective.
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
42/48
--Cycle cancelled.
Reset
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
Start
Start
OFF/reset
---
Machine drains and cycle stops (with
door unlocked).
OFF/reset
Machine drains and cycle stops (with
door unlocked).
OFF/reset
Cycle stops.
---
Cycle stops.
---
Cycle stops.
Cycle stops
OFF/reset
OFF/reset
Cycle stops.
OFF/reset
Cycle stops.
OFF/reset
Cycle stops.
---
Cycle stops.
---
Cycle stops.
---
Machine drains and cycle stops (with
door unlocked).
OFF/reset
Machine drains and cycle stops (with
door unlocked).
OFF/reset
Cycle stops with door locked (after 5
attempts).
-----------------------
OFF/reset
Start/reset
599 38 31-91
Alarm
EF1
EF2
EF3
EF4
Description
Possible malfunction
Drain filter clogged
Drain tube clogged/kinked/placed too high;
(drain cycle too long)
Drain filter dirty/clogged.
Too much detergent
Too much detergent used; Drain tube clogged/kinked;
(too much foam during drain cycles)
Drain filter dirty/clogged.
“Water Control” system tripped
Water leaks onto base frame; water control system defective.
Water fill pressure too low, no signal from flow
Tap closed, water pressure too low.
meter and solenoid valve is open
E00
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
No alarm
---
43/48
Action/status of machine
Warning is displayed at end of cycle
(relative LED is lit).
Warning is displayed at end of cycle
(relative LED is lit).
Machine drains and cycle stops.
Reset
----OFF/reset
---------------------------
Reset
---
---
599 38 31-91
11 Operating time counter
It is possible to display, with a specific procedure, the operating time of the appliance, which is counted
from the first switching on.
This option is available only in models with display. The maximum memorization capacity is 6550 operating
hours.
ƒ Only the operating time of normal programmes is displayed (not diagnostics cycles)
ƒ The actual time of the cycle performed is counted (not the pauses, the delayed start time, rinse hold
and the soak phases)
ƒ The memorization is 30 seconds for each programme
ƒ Only operating hours are displayed (1h and 59min = 1h)
11.1.1 Operating time reading
1. Switch the appliance off.
2. Press buttons 1 and 5simultaneously and then, holding them down, switch the appliance on by rotating
the programme selector by three positions clockwise.
1. Hold the buttons 1 and 5 down for about 5 seconds.
11.1.2 Displaying the operating time
The operating time is displayed two digits at a time: the first pair of digits shows the thousands and
hundreds; the second pair shows tens and units.
For example, a total operating time of 6,550 hours will be displayed as follows:
1→
Blank display for two seconds
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
2→
The first pair of digits is
displayed for two seconds:
- thousands (6)
- hundreds (5)
44/48
3→
The second pair of two digits is
displayed for two seconds:
- tens (5)
- units (0)
599 38 31-91
12 ACCESSING COMPONENTS
Procedures for accessing specific components on the appliance are described in this section. For
information on other procedures, see the general service manual for ARCHED washing machines
ARCHED (599 37 67-82).
ƒ
ƒ
12.1
The electrical components must be serviced by qualified personnel only
Unplug the appliance before accessing internal components
Flow meter
If the flow meter malfunctions, the entire
solenoid valve assembly must be replaced.
12.2 Aqua control
Insert a screwdriver into the holes indicated by the arrows.
Extract it and detach the connectors.
12.3 Motor
Detach the connectors.
Release the rear screws and loosen the front ones.
Remove the motor from the supports.
Remove the front screws.
Extract the motor.
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
45/48
599 38 31-91
13 Contacts on Main Board
14 Contacts on inverter board
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
46/48
599 38 31-91
15 BASIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM WITH SENSORS
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
47/48
599 38 31-91
15.1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
Key for circuit diagram
Electrical components on appliance
Main board
Interference filter
Drain pump
ON/OFF switch (built into selector)
Aqua Control
Antiboiling pressure switch AE2
Door lock unit
Heating element
Antiboiling pressure switch AE1
Recirculation pump
Solenoid valve for prewash
Solenoid valve for wash
Solenoid valve for bleach
Selector
Door opening lamp
Control/display board
Flow meter
Analogue pressure switch
Turbidity sensor
NTC temperature sensor
Tachometric generator (on motor)
Windings (on motor)
Inverter (for motor speed control)
SOI/DT 2006-10 dmm
Components on main board
BELV_TY
DOOR_TY
DRAIN_TY
K1
K2
PWELV_TY
REC_TY
WELV_TY
48/48
Triac for solenoid valve for bleach dispenser
Triac for door lock unit
Triac for drain pump
Relay controlling heating element
Safety relay
Triac for solenoid valve for prewash
Triac for recirculation pump
Triac for solenoid valve for wash
599 38 31-91