Appendices - Alaska Resources Library & Information Services

Alaska Resources Library & Information Services
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project Document
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Title:
SuWa 207
Groundwater study (7.5) : Initial study report. Appendices
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Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project document number 207
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[Anchorage : Alaska Energy Authority, 2014]
February 2014
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Study plan Section 7.5
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Pagination:
194 p. in various pagings
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Notes:
Contents: appendix A. Example 1970 and 2011 focus area aerial imagery -- appendix B.
Groundwater study data-collection station metadata examples -- appendix C. Groundwater study
data-collection station programs and wiring diagram examples -- appendix D. Selected focus area
time-lapse photo examples -- appendix E. Level-loop survey and survey control points examples.
The following parts of Section 7.5 appear in separate files: Main report ; Figures ; Appendices.
All reports in the Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project Document series include an ARLISproduced cover page and an ARLIS-assigned number for uniformity and citability. All reports
are posted online at http://www.arlis.org/resources/susitna-watana/
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
APPENDIX A: EXAMPLE 1970 AND 2011 FOCUS AREA AERIAL
IMAGERY
APPENDIX B: DATA-COLLECTION STATION METADATA EXAMPLES
APPENDIX C: DATA-COLLECTION STATION PROGRAMS AND WIRING
DIAGRAM EXAMPLES
APPENDIX D: SELECTED FOCUS AREA TIME-LAPSE PHOTO
EXAMPLES
APPENDIX E: LEVEL-LOOP SURVEY AND SURVEY CONTROL POINTS
EXAMPLES
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Alaska Energy Authority
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Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
(FERC No. 14241)
Groundwater Study (7.5)
Appendix A
Example 1970 and 2011 Focus Area Aerial Imagery
Initial Study Report
Prepared for
Alaska Energy Authority
Prepared by
Geo-Watersheds Scientific
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
APPENDIX A: EXAMPLE 1970 AND 2011 FOCUS AREA AERIAL
IMAGERY
The selected images in this appendix include paired aerial images from the 1970s1 and 2011, an
approximate span of 40 years. The selected aerial images are provided in order to compare these
Focus Areas over a span of nearly 40 years in order to inform study objectives.
1
The date of the 1970s images is under investigation.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix A – Page 1
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Table A-1. This table lists example paired aerial images from the 1970s1 and 2011, a comparison of images
spanning approximately 40 years. Following the table, example images are provided in downstream Focus
Area order.
Stations Comparing 1970s and 2011 Aerial Images
FA-138 (Gold Creek)
FA-128 (Slough 8A)
Large-scale images
FA-128 (Slough 8A)
Small-scale images
FA-113 (Oxbow 1)
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
1
The exact date of the 1970s images is under investigation.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix A – Page 2
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure A-1. These aerial images provide a point of comparison between FA-138 (Gold Creek) in the 1970s
versus 2011. The top image depicts FA-138 (Gold Creek) in 2011, and the bottom image depicts this FA in the
1970s. The images will help improve the understanding of the riparian vegetation changes, geomorphology
changes and potential changes to the groundwater/surface-water relationships.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix A – Page 3
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure A-2. These aerial images provide a point of comparison between FA-128 (Slough 8A) in the 1970s
versus 2011 from a large-scale perspective. The top image depicts FA-128 (Slough 8A) in 2011, and the
bottom image depicts this FA in the 1970s. The images will help improve the understanding of the riparian
vegetation changes, geomorphology changes and potential changes to the groundwater/surface-water
relationships.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix A – Page 4
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure A-3. These aerial images provide a point of comparison between FA-128 (Slough 8A) in the 1970s
versus 2011 from a small-scale perspective. The top image depicts FA-128 (Slough 8A) in 2011, and the
bottom image depicts this FA in the 1970s. The images will help improve the understanding of the riparian
vegetation changes, geomorphology changes and potential changes to the groundwater/surface-water
relationships.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix A – Page 5
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure A-4. These aerial images provide a point of comparison between FA-113 (Oxbow 1) in the 1970s
versus 2011. The top image depicts FA-113 (Oxbow 1) in 2011, and the bottom image depicts this FA in the
1970s. The images will help improve the understanding of the riparian vegetation changes, geomorphology
changes and potential changes to the groundwater/surface-water relationships.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix A – Page 6
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure A-5. These aerial images provide a point of comparison between FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) in the
1970s versus 2011. The top image depicts FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) in 2011, and the bottom image depicts
this FA in the 1970s. The images will help improve the understanding of the riparian vegetation changes,
geomorphology changes and potential changes to the groundwater/surface-water relationships.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix A – Page 7
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
(FERC No. 14241)
Groundwater Study (7.5)
Appendix B
Groundwater Study Data-Collection Station Metadata
Examples
Initial Study Report
Prepared for
Alaska Energy Authority
Prepared by
Geo-Watersheds Scientific
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
APPENDIX B: GROUNDWATER STUDY DATA-COLLECTION STATION
METADATA EXAMPLES
The Groundwater Study data-collection station measurement standards help ensure the collection
of quality datasets. The examples within this appendix show the range of standard metadata that
are being tracked for different types of stations. These metadata meet study objectives for a range
of diverse study collection objectives for different station types: surface-water, groundwater, and
meteorological primary station types. The standard data collection platform is the Campbell
Scientific Inc. (CSI) CR1000 data logger. At some simpler stations, a CSI CR200X data logger is
used when minimal measurements are needed. For those sites that do not require real-time
reporting, an Instrumentation Northwest (INW) self-logging pressure transducer is used. There
are variations within the CSI stations depending on the study analysis needs in different
locations. These variations range from measuring streambed temperature profiles in lateral
habitats to sap flow sensors in riparian forests. Written data standards have been established for
each station type. All of these data measurement and recording standards files are found on the
GINA supporting website for the project. The data can be accessed at
http://gis.suhydro.org/reports/isr.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 1
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Table B-1. This table lists representative station types with corresponding metadata for each station type.
Following the table, example metadata files for surface-water, groundwater, and meteorological stations are
provided.
Focus Area
Primary Station Purpose
(variation)
Representative Station
FA-128 (Slough 8A)
Surface Water
(CSI CR1000)
ESSFA128-1
FA-115 (Slough 6A)
Groundwater
(INW PT2X)
ESGFA115-8
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
Meteorological
(CSI CR1000)
ESMFA104-2
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
Groundwater
(CSI CR200X)
ESGFA104-3
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
Groundwater
(CR1000, sap flow sensors)
ESGFA104-4
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
Groundwater
(CSI CR1000, stream-bed profiles)
ESGFA104-10
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 2
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure B-1. Data collection station short name convention used for continuously monitored stations. Most
stations collect data for multiple study objectives. This allows for improved efficiency of synoptic data collection
and data collection standards.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 3
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following describes surface-water data measurement and recording standards for FA128 (Slough 8A) station ESSFA128-1, representative of a surface-water CSI CR1000 type
station:
Susitna Hydrology Project
ESSFA128-1 Focus Area Station
Data Measurement and Recording Standards
Last Update: 06/25/2013
Last Update By: R Paetzold
Focus Area Station
Data-Collection Objectives: Meteorological data to evaluate the potential for hydro-electric
power generation in the Susitna River region.
Time Recording Standard: Always Alaska Standard Time (UTC – 9).
Datalogger Scan Interval Standard: 60 seconds.
Time Measurement Standards:
Hourly readings are recorded at the end of the hour; therefore, the hourly average water
temperature, for example, with a 60-second scan interval and a time stamp of 14:00 is
measured from 13:01 to 14:00:00. For a 60-second scan interval, the hourly average would
be the average of 60 min = 60 values.
Quarter-hourly readings are recorded every fifteen minutes starting at the top of the hour.
Instantaneous readings are taken at the time specified by the time stamp.
A day begins at midnight (00:00:00) and ends at midnight (23:59:55). All daily data are
from the day prior to the date of the time stamp. For example, if the time stamp reads
09/09/2007 00:00 or 09/09/2007 12:00:00 AM, the data are from 09/08/2007.
Data Retrieval Interval: Data will be retrieved hourly.
Data Reporting Interval: Hourly
Images
Camera: Two CC5MPXWD digital cameras.
Memory Card: 8G Flash Memory Card
Flash Card Capacity: ~20,000 Images or over 2 years.
Lo Resolution Image Size: ~50k bytes each (640x480 resolution; Hi compression)
Hi Resolution Images Size: ~250k bytes each (1280x960 resolution; Lo compression)
Images Taken: Both on camera’s internal time interval and external trigger. External trigger
from datalogger control port allows for manually-initiated image.
Images Saved on Camera Memory Card: Both Hourly Hi-Resolution and Hourly Lo-Resolution
Images Saved on Datalogger: Up to the ten most recent Hourly Lo-Resolution images.
Image Trigger Interval: 60-minutes
Data Retrieval Interval: One image every hour.
Connection: Direct MD485 for two cameras
Lens Defrost: enabled as automated or manual
Remote Camera Powerup: Enabled. Allows for remote control of camera PakBus settings
Start and Stop Image Taking Times: manually adjustable for externally triggered images.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 4
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Air Temperature
Sensor: Triplicate YSI Series 44033 thermistors
Operating Range: -80°C to +75°C
Installation: In 6-gill radiation shield, non-aspirated.
Height: 2 meters
Output Units: kΩ, °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Atmospheric Table:
Hourly Sample Air Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour. (three values, one for
each thermistor).
Hourly Average Air Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. (three values, one for each thermistor).
Daily Table:
Daily Average Air Temperature: Average of all temperature readings for the previous day
ending at midnight AST. (three values, one for each thermistor).
Daily Maximum Air Temperature: The highest reading from the previous day. (three
values, one for each thermistor).
Daily Minimum Air Temperature: The lowest reading from the previous day. (three
values, one for each thermistor).
Hourly Raw Table:
Hourly Sample Sensor Resistance: Recorded at the top of each hour. "Raw" data in kΩ.
(three values, one for each thermistor)
Hourly Average Sensor Resistance: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. "Raw" data in kΩ. (three values, one for each thermistor).
Water Height
Sensor: Two CS450 (Campbell Scientific, inc) pressure transducer, SDI-12 type sensors
Pressure Measurement Range: 0-7.25 psig
Output Units: cm, ft (water height above sensor), psig
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Height Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Height: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading recorded at
the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Height: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Height: Fifteen minute maximum of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Height: Fifteen minute minimum of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Daily Table:
Daily Average Water Height: Average of all readings for the previous day.
Daily Maximum Water Height: Maximum water height for the previous day.
Daily Minimum Water Height: Minimum water height for the previous day.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 5
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Water Temperature
Sensor: Two CS450 (Campbell Scientific, inc) SDI-12 Sensors
Operating Range: -10°C to 80°C
Output Units: °C
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Level Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Temperature: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Temperature: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Temperature: The highest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes.
Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Temperature: The lowest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes.
Daily Table:
Daily Average Water Temperature: Average of all readings for the previous day.
Daily Maximum Water Temperature: the highest reading taken during the previous day.
Daily Minimum Water Temperature: the lowest reading taken during the previous day.
Water Temperature, Independent (Not Installed at this Station)
Sensor: Five Model 109 (Campbell Scientific, inc) Sensors
Operating Range: -50°C to 70°C
Output Units: °C
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Level Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Temperature: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Temperature: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Temperature: The highest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes.
Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Temperature: The lowest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes.
Daily Table:
Daily Average Water Temperature: Average of all readings for the previous day.
Daily Maximum Water Temperature: the highest reading taken during the previous day.
Daily Minimum Water Temperature: the lowest reading taken during the previous day.
Soil Temperature Profile
Sensor: Twelve YSI Series 44033 thermistors
Operating Range: -80°C to +75°C
Installation: In back-filled bored hole.
Depths: 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 150 cm, 1-12 thermistors (based on actual
depth of bored drill hole)
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 6
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February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Output Units: kΩ, °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Subsurface Table:
o Hourly Sample Soil Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour. (twelve values,
one for each thermistor).
o Hourly Average Soil Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. (twelve values, one for each thermistor).
• Daily Table:
o Daily Average Soil Temperature: Average of all temperature readings for the
previous day ending at midnight AST. (twelve values, one for each thermistor).
• Hourly Raw Table:
o Hourly Sample Sensor Resistance: Recorded at the top of each hour. "Raw" data in
kΩ. (twelve values, one for each thermistor)
o Hourly Average Sensor Resistance: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. "Raw" data in kΩ. (twelve values, one for each thermistor).
Battery Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Voltage: Measured at the top of the hour.
o Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
o Hourly Maximum CR1000 Battery Voltage: The highest reading from the previous
hour.
o Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Voltage: The lowest reading from the previous
hour.
Battery Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
o Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
o Hourly Maximum CR1000 Battery Current: The highest reading from the previous
hour.
o Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Current: The lowest reading from the previous
hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 7
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February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Load Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Load Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Load Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the previous
hour.
Hourly Maximum Load Current: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Current: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Solar Panel Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Solar Panel Voltage: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Solar Panel Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum Solar Panel Voltage: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Solar Panel Voltage: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Solar Panel Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Solar Panel Current: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Solar Panel Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum Solar Panel Current: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Solar Panel Current: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Datalogger (CR1000) Panel Temperature
Sensor: CR1000 Internal thermistor
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Average CR1000 Panel Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 8
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Voltage Regulator (CH200) Temperature
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Average CR1000 Panel Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
Resulting Final Storage Data Tables:
See Datalogger Output Files Excel Document
Notes
Definitions:
Scan interval = sampling duration = scan rate
Time of maximum or minimum values is not recorded
Sample reading = instantaneous reading
Beginning of the hour = top of the hour
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 9
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Table B-2. This table is a condensed version of the Data Measurement and Recording surface-water metadata standards shown above for FA-128
(Slough 8A) site ESSFA128-1. This table is particularly useful in the programming of the dataloggers
Susitna ESSFAW2 Focus Area Station Data Standards
Data Files
A
B
Surface Water
Last Update:
6/25/2013
Last Update By: R Paetzold
Key Analysis and Demonstration Questions
Determine the potential for generating hydroelectric power.
Station Diagnostics
Hourly met table
Table
HourlyDiag
Hourly
S
Hourly subsurface table
HrlySubs
P
15-min water table
QuarterHourlyWater
L
M
Hourly Raw Data (collected for field diagnostics)
Overall daily output
HourlyRaw
Daily
CSI Data Station Collection Standards Summary Table
- Air Temperature (YSI 44033)
3
Units
°C
- Air Temperature (YSI 44033)
3
2
2
5
cm, ft, psig
°C
°C
Parameters
- Water Ht (CS450)
- Surface Water Temperature (CS450)
- Surface Water Temperature (CSI 109)*
# Sensors
ohms
- Soil Profile Temperature (YSI 44033)
12
°C
- Soil Profile Temperature (YSI 44033)
12
ohms
na
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
number
V
A
A
V
A
°C
°C
Monitoring System Diagnostic Conditions
- Station ID
- Battery Voltage
- Battery Current
- Load Current
- Solar Panel Voltage
- Solar Panel Current
- CR1000 Temperature
- CH200 Voltage RegulatorTemperature
Sample Point
B
L
Hourly Data
Avg
Max
B
L
Min
Sample Point
P
P
P
S
L
A,B,L,S
A
A
A
A
A
Data Tables
Fifteen-Minute Data
Avg
Max
P
P
P
P
P
P
Min
Sample Point
P
P
P
M
M
M
S
L
M
M
M
Min
M
M
M
M
M
P
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
Daily Data
Avg
Max
M
M
A
A
A
A
A
M
A
A
A
A
A
* Sensor Not Installed
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 10
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February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following describes self-logger data measurement and recording standards for FA-115
(Slough 6A) station ESGFA115-8, representative of a groundwater station with an INW
PT2X type station:
SUSITNA HYDROLOGY PROJECT
ESGFA115-8 MONITORING WELL STATION
DATA MEASUREMENT AND RECORDING STANDARDS
Last Update: 07/04/2013
Last Update By: R Paetzold
Monitoring Well Station
Data-Collection Objectives: Meteorological data to evaluate the potential for hydro-electric
power generation in the Susitna River region.
Time Recording Standard: Always Alaska Standard Time (UTC – 9).
Datalogger Scan Interval Standard: 15 minutes.
Time Measurement Standards:
- Hourly readings are recorded at the end of the hour; therefore, the hourly average water
temperature, for example, with a 60-second scan interval and a time stamp of 14:00 is
measured from 13:01 to 14:00:00. For a 60-second scan interval, the hourly average
would be the average of 60 min = 60 values.
- Quarter-hourly readings are recorded every fifteen minutes starting at the top of the hour.
- Instantaneous readings are taken at the time specified by the time stamp.
- A day begins at midnight (00:00:00) and ends at midnight (23:59:55). All daily data are
from the day prior to the date of the time stamp. For example, if the time stamp reads
09/09/2007 00:00 or 09/09/2007 12:00:00 AM, the data are from 09/08/2007.
Data Retrieval Interval: Data will be retrieved manually.
Data Reporting Interval: Quarter-hourly.
WATER HEIGHT
Sensor: INW PT2X integrated datalogger and pressure/temperature sensor.
Pressure Measurement Range: 0-15 psig
Output Units: psig
Scan Interval: 15 minutes
Output:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Height: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading recorded at the top
of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 11
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February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
WATER TEMPERATURE
Sensor: INW PT2X integrated datalogger and pressure/temperature sensor.
Sensor Range: -40°C to 125°C
Output Units: °C
Scan Interval: 15 minutes
Output:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Temperature: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings recorded
at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
RESULTING FINAL STORAGE DATA TABLES:
See Datalogger Output Files Excel Document
Notes
Definitions:
Scan interval = sampling duration = scan rate
Time of maximum or minimum values is not recorded
Sample reading = instantaneous reading
Beginning of the hour = top of the hour
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 12
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February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following describes meteorological data measurement and recording standards for FA104 (Whiskers Slough) station ESMFA104-2, representative of a meteorological CSI
CR1000 type station:
SUSITNA HYDROLOGY PROJECT
ESMFA104-2 Focus Area Clearing Met Station
Data Measurement and Recording Standards
Last Update: 06/28/2013
Last Update By: AMcHugh
Focus Area Station
Data-Collection Objectives: Meteorological data to evaluate the potential for hydro-electric
power generation in the Susitna River region.
Time Recording Standard: Always Alaska Standard Time (UTC – 9).
Datalogger Scan Interval Standard: 60 seconds.
Time Measurement Standards:
Hourly readings are recorded at the end of the hour; therefore, the hourly average water
temperature, for example, with a 60-second scan interval and a time stamp of 14:00 is
measured from 13:01 to 14:00:00. For a 60-second scan interval, the hourly average would
be the average of 60 min = 60 values.
Quarter-hourly readings are recorded every fifteen minutes starting at the top of the hour.
Instantaneous readings are taken at the time specified by the time stamp.
A day begins at midnight (00:00:00) and ends at midnight (23:59:55). All daily data are
from the day prior to the date of the time stamp. For example, if the time stamp reads
09/09/2007 00:00 or 09/09/2007 12:00:00 AM, the data are from 09/08/2007.
Data Retrieval Interval: Data will be retrieved hourly.
Data Reporting Interval: Hourly
Images
Camera: Moultrie Game camera; not connected to data logger.
Memory Card: 16GB SD Flash Memory Card
Flash Card Capacity: ~20,000 Images or over 1 year
Images Taken: On camera’s internal time interval.
Images Saved on Camera Memory Card: Half-hourly Lo-Resolution
Images Saved on Datalogger: Not connected to data logger.
Image Trigger Interval: 30-minutes
Data Retrieval: Manually, during station visits.
Air Temperature
Sensor: HC2S3 AT/RH sensor (PT100 RTD, IEC 751 1/3 Class B, with calibrated signal
conditioning).
Measurement Range: -40°C to +60°C.
Accuracy: ±0.1°C @23°C (~±0.3°C at -40°C).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 13
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Installation: In 10-plate radiation shield, non-aspirated.
Height: 2 meters.
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds.
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Table:
o Hourly Sample Air Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour.
o Hourly Average Air Temperature: 60 readings from the beginning of the hour to the
end of the hour, averaged and recorded at the end of the hour.
o Hourly Maximum Air Temperature: The highest reading from the previous hour.
o Hourly Minimum Air Temperature: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
• Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Minimum Air Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour.
• Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
o Fifteen-Minute Sample Air Temperature: Fifteen-minute sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
o Fifteen-Minute Average Air Temperature: Fifteen-minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
o Fifteen-Minute Maximum Air Temperature: The highest reading from the previous
fifteen minutes.
o Fifteen-Minute Minimum Air Temperature: The lowest reading from the previous
fifteen minutes.
• Daily Table:
o Daily Average Air Temperature: Average of all temperature readings for the previous
day ending at midnight AST.
o Daily Maximum Air Temperature: The highest reading taken during the previous day.
o Daily Minimum Air Temperature: The lowest reading taken during the previous day.
Relative Humidity
Sensor: HC2S3 AT/RH sensor (ROTRONIC Hygromer® IN1.
Operating Range: 0 to 100% RH.
Accuracy: ±0.8% @23°C (~±0.3% at -40°C).
Installation: In 12-gill radiation shield, non-aspirated.
Height: 2 meters
Output Units: % Relative Humidity
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Atmospheric Table:
Hourly Sample Relative Humidity: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Hourly Average Relative Humidity: 60 readings from the beginning of the hour to the
end of the hour, averaged and recorded at the end of the hour.
Hourly Maximum Relative Humidity: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Relative Humidity: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Relative Humidity: Fifteen-minute sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 14
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
•
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Fifteen-Minute Average Relative Humidity: Fifteen-minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
o Fifteen-Minute Maximum Relative Humidity: The highest reading from the previous
fifteen minutes.
o Fifteen-Minute Minimum Relative Humidity: The lowest reading from the previous
fifteen minutes.
Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Relative Humidity: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Daily Table:
o Daily Maximum Relative Humidity: the highest reading taken during the previous
day.
o Daily Minimum Relative Humidity: the lowest reading taken during the previous day.
Dew Point Temperature
Sensor: Calculated value from AT/RH
Scan Interval: N/A, calculated
Output to Tables:
Hourly Table:
Hourly Sample Dew Point: Calculated from the Sample Air Temperature and Relative
Humidity values at the top of each hour.
Hourly Average Dew Point: Average of the 60 values calculated from the 60-second Air
Temperature and Relative Humidity values.
Hourly Maximum Dew Point: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Dew Point: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Dew Point: Fifteen-minute sample (point) calculation recorded at
the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Dew Point: Fifteen-minute average of all 15 calculations
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Maximum Dew Point: The highest reading from the previous fifteen
minutes.
Fifteen-Minute Minimum Dew Point: The lowest reading from the previous fifteen
minutes.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Dew Point: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Daily Table:
Daily Maximum Dew Point: The highest calculated value during the previous day.
Daily Minimum Dew Point: The lowest calculated value during the previous day.
Vapor Pressure
Sensor: Vapor Pressure Actual, Saturated and Deficit calculated value from AT/RH
Scan Interval: N/A, calculated
Output to Tables:
Hourly Table:
Hourly Sample Dew Point: Calculated from the Sample Air Temperature and Relative
Humidity values at the top of each hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 15
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
•
•
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Hourly Average Dew Point: Average of the 60 values calculated from the 60-second Air
Temperature and Relative Humidity values.
o Hourly Maximum Dew Point: The highest reading from the previous hour.
o Hourly Minimum Dew Point: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
o Fifteen-Minute Sample Dew Point: Fifteen-minute sample (point) calculation
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
o Fifteen-Minute Average Dew Point: Fifteen-minute average of all 15 calculations
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
o Fifteen-Minute Maximum Dew Point: The highest reading from the previous fifteen
minutes.
o Fifteen-Minute Minimum Dew Point: The lowest reading from the previous fifteen
minutes.
Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Dew Point: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Daily Table:
o Daily Maximum Dew Point: The highest calculated value during the previous day.
o Daily Minimum Dew Point: The lowest calculated value during the previous day.
Wind Speed
Sensor: RM Young 05103-45 Wind Monitor (Alpine).
Operating Range: 0 to 100 m/s (0 to 224 mph).
Accuracy: ± 0.3 m/s (±0.6 mph) or 1% of reading.
Starting Threshold: 1 m/s (2.2 mph).
Installation: 30 m from nearest obstruction.
Height: 3 m.
Output Units: meters per second.
Scan Interval: 3s.
Output to Tables:
Hourly Met Table:
Instantaneous Wind Speed: The 3-second wind speed sampled at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Wind Speed: Hourly average of 1200 three-second wind speed readings
for the previous hour.
Hourly Peak Wind Speed: the highest recorded 3-second wind observation from the
reporting interval of the past hour (max wind).
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
Instantaneous Wind Speed: The 3-second wind speed sampled at the top of the hour, 15,
30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Wind Speed: Fifteen-minute average of all three hundred 3second readings recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Peak Wind Speed: the highest recorded 3-second wind observation from
the reporting interval of the past fifteen minutes (max wind).
Two-Minute Wind Table:
Two-Minute Average Wind Speed: 2-minute average of 3-second wind speeds.
Two-Minute Peak Wind Speed: the highest recorded 3-second wind observation from the
reporting interval of the past 2 minutes (max wind).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 16
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Wind Speed: Recorded at the top of each hour.
• Daily Table:
o Daily Average Wind Speed: The daily average of all 5-second wind speeds for the
previous day.
o Daily Peak Wind Speed: The highest recorded 5-sec wind speed for the previous day.
Wind Direction
Sensor: RM Young 05103-45 Wind Monitor (Alpine).
Operating Range: 0 to 360 deg (mechanical) True North (0 to 355 electrical, 5 deg open).
Accuracy: ±5°.
Starting Threshold: 1.1 m/s (2.4 mph) 10 deg displacement.
Installation: Align true north.
Height: 3 meters.
Output Units: degrees true north.
Scan Interval: 3s.
Output to Tables:
Hourly Atmospheric Table:
Instantaneous Wind Direction: Wind direction sample at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Wind Direction: Hourly average of 3-second wind direction vector for
the previous hour.
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
Instantaneous Wind Direction: The 3-second wind direction vector sampled at the top of
the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Wind Direction: Fifteen-minute average of all three hundred 3second readings recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Two-Minute Wind Table:
Two-Minute Average Wind Direction: 2-minute average of 3-second wind direction
vector.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Wind Direction: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Daily Table:
Daily Wind Direction: Vector mean of all wind direction readings for the previous day.
Wind Direction Standard Deviation
Sensor: Calculated.
Scan Interval: 3s.
Output to Tables:
Hourly Atmospheric Table:
Hourly Wind Direction Standard Deviation: The standard deviation (computed by the
datalogger) of the wind direction over the one hour recording period.
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
Fifteen-Minute Wind Direction Standard Deviation: The standard deviation (computed
by the datalogger) of the wind direction over the fifteen-minute recording period.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 17
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Two-Minute Wind Table:
o Two-Minute Wind Direction Standard Deviation: The standard deviation (computed
by the datalogger) of the wind direction over the 2-minute recording period)
• Daily Table:
o Daily Wind Direction Standard Deviation: The standard deviation (computed by the
datalogger) of the wind direction for the previous 24 hours.
Wind Chill Temperature
Sensor: Calculated from Air Temperature & Wind Speed. Wind Sensor
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: N/A, calculated.
Algorithms: WC = 35.74 + 0.6215 T - 35.75(V0.16) + 0.4275T(V0.16)
where:
WC = Wind Chill (°F)
T = Air Temperature (°F)
V = Wind Speed (mph)
Source: Alaska Safety Handbook. 2006. p180.
WC (°C) = (WC - 32) * 5/9
where:
WC (°C) = Wind Chill (°C)
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Atmospheric Table:
o Instantaneous Wind Chill: Calculated from the Instantaneous Air Temperature and
Wind Speed values sampled at the top of the hour.
o Hourly Average Wind Chill: Average of the 60 values calculated from the 60-second
sample Air Temperature and the average of the 60 corresponding 3-second sample
wind speed values.
o Hourly Maximum Wind Chill: The highest reading from the previous hour.
o Hourly Minimum Wind Chill: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
• Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
o Instantaneous Wind Chill: Calculated from the Instantaneous Air Temperature and
Wind Speed values sampled at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the
hour.
o Fifteen-Minute Average Wind Chill: Average of the 15 values calculated from the 60second sample Air Temperature and the average of the 15 corresponding 3-second
sample wind speed values.
o Fifteen-Minute Maximum Wind Chill: The highest reading from the previous fifteen
minutes.
o Fifteen-Minute Minimum Wind Chill: The lowest reading from the previous fifteen
minutes.
• Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Wind Chill: Recorded at the top of each hour.
• Daily Table:
o Daily Maximum Wind Chill: The highest calculated value during the previous day.
o Daily Minimum Wind Chill: The lowest calculated value during the previous day.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 18
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Solar Radiation
Sensor: Campbell Scientific LI200X, LiCor LI200 pyranometer.
Height: 2 meters.
Output Units: mV, converted by datalogger to W/m2.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds.
Output to Tables:
Hourly Met Table:
Hourly Average Solar Radiation: 60 readings from the beginning of the hour to the end
of the hour, averaged and recorded at the end of the hour.
Hourly Average Solar Radiation: 60 readings from the beginning of the hour to the end of
the hour, averaged and recorded at the end of the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
Fifteen-Minute Average Solar Radiation: Fifteen-minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Solar Radiation: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Daily Table:
Daily Average Solar Radiation: The daily average of all solar radiation measurements
for the previous day.
Barometric Pressure
Sensor: Campbell Scientific CS100, Setra 278
Height: 2 meters.
Range: 600 to 1100mBar
Output Units: mBar, Not Corrected to sea level
Scan Interval: 60 seconds.
Output to Tables:
Hourly Atmospheric Table:
Hourly Sample Barometric Pressure: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Barometric Pressure: Fifteen-minute sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Barometric Pressure: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Net Radiation
Sensor: Kipp and Zonen NR Lite2 Net Radiometer
Height: 2 meters.
Output Units: mV converted by datalogger to W/m2, Wind Corrected W/m2
Scan Interval: 60 seconds.
Output to Tables:
Hourly Met Table:
Hourly Sample Net Radiation, Net Radiation w/ Wind Correction: Recorded at the top of
each hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 19
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
o Hourly Average Net Radiation, Net Radiation w/ Wind Correction: 60 readings from
the beginning of the hour to the end of the hour, averaged and recorded at the end of
the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
o Fifteen-Minute Sample Net Radiation, Net Radiation w/ Wind Correction: Recorded
at the top of each hour.
o Fifteen-Minute Average Net Radiation, Net Radiation w/ Wind Correction: Fifteenminute average of all 15 readings recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45
minutes past the hour.
Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Net Radiation, Net Radiation w/ Wind Correction: Recorded at the
top of each hour.
Hourly Raw Table:
o Hourly Sample Sensor mV: Recorded at the top of each hour. "Raw" data in mV.
o Hourly Average Sensor mV: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the previous
hour. "Raw" data in mV.
Air Temperature - Back Up
Sensor: Triplicate YSI Series 44033 thermistors
Operating Range: -80°C to +75°C
Installation: In 6-gill radiation shield, non-aspirated.
Height: 2 meters
Output Units: kΩ, °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Atmospheric Table:
Hourly Sample Air Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour. (three values, one for
each thermistor).
Hourly Average Air Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. (three values, one for each thermistor).
Hourly Maximum Air Temperature: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Air Temperature: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Air Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour. (three values, one for
each thermistor).
Fifteen-Minute Met Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Air Temperature: Fifteen-minute sample (point) reading recorded
at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Air Temperature: Fifteen-minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Maximum Air Temperature: The highest reading from the previous
fifteen minutes.
Fifteen-Minute Minimum Air Temperature: The lowest reading from the previous fifteen
minutes.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 20
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Hourly Raw Table:
o Hourly Sample Sensor Resistance: Recorded at the top of each hour. "Raw" data in
kΩ. (three values, one for each thermistor)
o Hourly Average Sensor Resistance: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. "Raw" data in kΩ. (three values, one for each thermistor).
• Daily Table:
o Daily Average Air Temperature: Average of all temperature readings for the previous
day ending at midnight AST. (three values, one for each thermistor).
o Daily Maximum Air Temperature: The highest reading from the previous day. (three
values, one for each thermistor).
o Daily Minimum Air Temperature: The lowest reading from the previous day. (three
values, one for each thermistor).
Water Height
Sensor: One CS451 (Campbell Scientific, inc) pressure transducer, SDI-12 type sensor or one
INW PT12 (Instruments North West) pressure transducer, SDI-12 type sensor.
Pressure Measurement Range: 0-7.25 psig
Output Units: cm, ft (water height above sensor), psig
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Height: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading recorded at
the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Height: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Height: Fifteen minute maximum of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Height: Fifteen minute minimum of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Water Height: Sample at the top of each hour.
Daily Table:
Daily Average Water Height: Average of all readings for the previous day.
Daily Maximum Water Height: Maximum water height for the previous day.
Daily Minimum Water Height: Minimum water height for the previous day.
Water Temperature
Sensor: One CS451 (Campbell Scientific, inc) SDI-12 sensor or one INW PT12 (Instruments
North West) SDI-12 type sensor.
Operating Range: -10°C to 80°C
Output Units: °C
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Temperature: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 21
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
•
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
o Fifteen-Minute Average Water Temperature: Fifteen minute average of all 15
readings recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
o Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Temperature: The highest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes.
o Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Temperature: The lowest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes.
Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Water Temperature: Sample at the top of each hour.
Daily Table:
o Daily Average Water Temperature: Average of all readings for the previous day.
o Daily Maximum Water Temperature: the highest reading taken during the previous
day.
o Daily Minimum Water Temperature: the lowest reading taken during the previous
day.
Soil Temperature Profile
Sensor: Twelve YSI Series 44033 thermistors
Operating Range: -80°C to +75°C
Installation: In back-filled bored hole.
Depths: 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 150 cm, 1-12 thermistors (based on actual
depth of bored drill hole)
Output Units: kΩ, °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Subsurface Table:
Hourly Sample Soil Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour. (twelve values, one
for each thermistor).
Hourly Average Soil Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. (twelve values, one for each thermistor).
Hourly Raw Table:
Hourly Sample Sensor Resistance: Recorded at the top of each hour. "Raw" data in kΩ.
(twelve values, one for each thermistor)
Hourly Average Sensor Resistance: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. "Raw" data in kΩ. (twelve values, one for each thermistor).
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Soil Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour. (twelve values, one
for each thermistor).
Daily Table:
Daily Average Soil Temperature: Average of all temperature readings for the previous
day ending at midnight AST. (twelve values, one for each thermistor).
Soil Moisture Profile
Sensor: Four sensors: CSI 650 Unfrozen Soil-Moisture/Soil Temperature Probes
Installation: Horizontal orientation in back-filled hole
Depths: 10, 20, 30, 40 cm
Output Units: µs, volumetric soil water content (v/v). Electrical Conductivity
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 22
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Scan Interval: Hourly
Output to Tables:
• Hourly subsurface Table:
o Hourly Instantaneous Soil Moisture: Hourly volumetric soil water content taken at the
top of the hour (four values). Unitless volume ratio (water volume/soil volume).
• Hourly Raw Table:
o Hourly Instantaneous Soil Moisture: Hourly "raw" volumetric soil water content
taken at the top of the hour (four values). Units are µs.
• Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Soil Moisture: Recorded at the top of each hour(four values).
Unitless volume ratio (water volume/soil volume).
• Daily Table:
o Daily Average Soil Moisture: Average of all readings for the previous day ending at
midnight AST (four values).
• Hourly Raw Table:
o Hourly Sample Sensor Period: Recorded at the top of each hour. "Raw" data in μSec
Soil Temperature Profile 2
Sensor: Four sensors: CSI 650 Unfrozen Soil-Moisture/Soil Temperature Probes
Installation: Horizontal orientation in back-filled hole
Depths: 10, 20, 30, 40 cm
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: Hourly
Output to Tables:
Hourly subsurface Table:
Hourly Instantaneous Soil Temperature: Hourly volumetric soil water content taken at the
top of the hour (four values). Unitless volume ratio (water volume/soil volume).
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Soil Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour. (four values).
Daily Table:
Daily Average Soil Temperature: Average of all temperature readings for the previous
day ending at midnight AST (four values).
Soil Moisture Electrical Conductivity
Sensor: Four sensors: CSI 650 Unfrozen Soil-Moisture/Soil Temperature Probes
Installation: Horizontal orientation in back-filled hole
Depths: 10, 20, 30, 40 cm
Output Units: dS/m
Scan Interval: Hourly
Output to Tables:
Hourly Subsurface Table:
Hourly Instantaneous Soil Moisture Electrical Conductivity: Hourly soil water electrical
conductivity taken at the top of the hour (four values).
Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Soil Moisture Electrical Conductivity: Recorded at the top of each
hour(four values). Unitless volume ratio (water volume/soil volume).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 23
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Daily Table:
o Daily Average Soil Moisture Electrical Conductivity: Average of all readings for the
previous day ending at midnight AST (four values).
Soil Heat Flux
Sensor: HFP01-L Hukseflux Soil heat Flux Plate
Operating Range: -2000 W/m2 to +2000 W/m2
Installation: Horizontally in back-filled bored hole.
Depth: 8 cm
Output Units: W/m2, mV
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Subsurface Table:
Hourly Average Soil Heat Flux: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the previous
hour.
Hourly Sample Soil Heat Flux: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Soil Heat Flux: Recorded at the top of each hour.
Daily Table:
Daily Average Soil Heat Flux: Average of all readings for the previous day ending at
midnight AST.
Hourly Raw Table:
Hourly Sample Sensor mV: Recorded at the top of each hour. "Raw" data in mV.
Hourly Average Sensor mV: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the previous
hour. "Raw" data in mV.
Battery Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Voltage: Measured at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum CR1000 Battery Voltage: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Voltage: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Battery Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 24
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
o Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
o Hourly Maximum CR1000 Battery Current: The highest reading from the previous
hour.
o Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Current: The lowest reading from the previous
hour.
Load Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Load Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Load Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the previous
hour.
Hourly Maximum Load Current: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Current: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Solar Panel Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Solar Panel Voltage: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Solar Panel Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum Solar Panel Voltage: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Solar Panel Voltage: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Solar Panel Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Solar Panel Current: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Solar Panel Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum Solar Panel Current: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Solar Panel Current: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Datalogger (CR1000) Panel Temperature
Sensor: CR1000 Internal thermistor
Output Units: °C.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 25
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Average CR1000 Panel Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings
for the previous hour.
Voltage Regulator (CH200) Temperature
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Average CR1000 Panel Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
Resulting Final Storage Data Tables:
See Datalogger Output Files Excel Document
Notes
Definitions:
Scan interval = sampling duration = scan rate
Time of maximum or minimum values is not recorded
Sample reading = instantaneous reading
Beginning of the hour = top of the hour
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 26
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Table B-3. This table is a condensed version of the Data Measurement and Recording metadata standards shown above for FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
site ESMFA104-2.
Susitna ESMFA104-2 Clearing Met Station Data Standards
Data Files
A
B
C
Surface Water
Last Update:
6/28/2013
Last Update By: AMcHugh
Table
HourlyDiag
Hourly
QuarterHrlyMet
Station Diagnostics
Hourly table for all measurements
15-min met data
K
2-minute table for wind
Key Analysis and Demonstration Questions
P
15-min water table
QuarterHourlyWater
Determine the potential for generating hydroelectric power.
L
M
D
O
Hourly Raw Data (collected for field diagnostics)
Overall daily output
Data for the Current Conditions Page
Hourly subsurface measurements
HourlyRaw
Daily
HrlyClimate
HourlySubs
TwoMinWd
CSI Data Station Collection Standards Summary Table
Data Tables
Parameters
# Sensors
- Air Temperature (3 YSI 44033 thermistors)
1
- Air Temperature (Triplicate YSI 44033 thermistors)
1
1
1
- Water Ht (CS451 or INW PT12)
- Water Temperature (CS451 or INW PT12)
Units
°C
Sample Point
B,D
ohms
L
cm, ft, psig
D
°C
D
- Air Temperature (HC2S3)
1
°C
- Relative Humidity (HC2S3)
1
%
°C
kPA
kPA
kPA
- Dew Point (Calculated)
- Vapor Pressure Actual (Calculated)
- Vapor Pressure Saturated (Calculated)
- Vapor Pressure Deficit (Calculated)
- Wind Speed (RM Young 05103-45)
- Wind Direction (RM Young 05103-45)
1
1
- Wind Direction Standard Deviation (RM Young 05103-45)
- Net Radiation (NR-LITE Kipp & Zonen Net Radiometer)
- Net Radiation Wind Corrected (Calculated)
- Precipitation (TE525MM Tipping Bucket Rain Gage)
-Soil Water Content (CS650 TDR Soil Water/T sensor)
-Soil Temperature (CS650 TDR Soil Water/T sensor)
-Soil Moisture EC (CS650 TDR Soil Water/T sensor)
-Soil Moisture period (CS650 TDR Soil Water/T sensor)
-Soil Temperature Profile (12 GWS YSI Thermistor String
-Soil Temperature Profile (12 GWS YSI Thermistor String
-Soil Heat Flux (Hukseflux)
-Soil Heat Flux (Hukseflux) raw
-Barometric Pressure CS100
Monitoring System Diagnostic Conditions
- Station ID
- Battery Voltage
- Battery Current
- Load Current
- Solar Panel Voltage
- Solar Panel Current
- CR1000 Temperature
- CH200 Voltage RegulatorTemperature
°
Unitless
°C
- Wind Chill Temperature (Calculated)
- Solar Radiation (LI200X Pyranometer)
m/s
B,D
B,D
B,D
B,D
B,D
B,D
B,D
B,D
1
1
1
1
4
4
4
4
1
1
1
1
1
na
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
W/m2
mV, W/m2
mV, W/m2
mm
v/v
°C
dS/m
uS
°C
Kohms
W/m2
mV
mBar
number
V
A
A
V
A
°C
°C
B,D
B,D
B,D,L
B,D,L
B1,D1
D,O
D,O
D,O
L
D,O
L
D,O
L
B, D
A,B,D,L
A
A
A
A
A
Hourly Data
Avg
Max
B
B
L
L
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B,L
B,L
Min
B
L
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
Sample Point
C
Fifteen-Minute Data
Avg
Max
C
C
Min
C
Sample Point
Two-Minute Data
Avg
Max
Min
Sample Point
Daily Data
Avg
Max
M
M
Min
M
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
M
M
M
M
M
M
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
C
C
M
M
C
C
C
C
K
K
K
K
M
M
M
M
M
M
C1
M1
M
M
M
O
L
O
L
M
M
C
C,P
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
K
M
A
A
A
A
A
1
Total
Manually collected images from Moultrie Game Camera
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 27
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following describes groundwater (CR200X logger) data measurement and recording
standards for FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) station ESMFA104-3, representative of a
groundwater CSI CR200X type station:
Susitna Hydrology Project
ESSFA04-3 Groundwater Station
Data Measurement and Recording Standards
Last Update: 06/13/2013
Last Update By: AMcHugh
Monitoring Well Station
Data-Collection Objectives: Meteorological data to evaluate the potential for hydro-electric
power generation in the Susitna River region.
Time Recording Standard: Always Alaska Standard Time (UTC – 9).
Datalogger Scan Interval Standard: 60 seconds.
Time Measurement Standards:
Hourly readings are recorded at the end of the hour; therefore, the hourly average water
temperature, for example, with a 60-second scan interval and a time stamp of 14:00 is
measured from 13:01 to 14:00:00. For a 60-second scan interval, the hourly average would
be the average of 60 min = 60 values.
Quarter-hourly readings are recorded every fifteen minutes starting at the top of the hour.
Instantaneous readings are taken at the time specified by the time stamp.
A day begins at midnight (00:00:00) and ends at midnight (23:59:55). All daily data are
from the day prior to the date of the time stamp. For example, if the time stamp reads
09/09/2007 00:00 or 09/09/2007 12:00:00 AM, the data are from 09/08/2007.
Data Retrieval Interval: Data will be retrieved hourly.
Data Reporting Interval: Hourly
Water Height
Sensor: Three CS451 (Campbell Scientific, inc) pressure transducer, SDI-12 type sensors
Pressure Measurement Range: 0-7.25 psig
Output Units: ft (water height above sensor), psig
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Height Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Height: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading recorded at
the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Height: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Water Height: Sample reading at the top of the hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 28
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Daily Table:
Daily Maximum Water Height: Maximum water height (in Feet only) for the previous
day.
o Daily Minimum Water Height: Minimum water height (in Feet only) for the previous
day.
Surface-Water Temperature
Sensor: Three CS451 (Campbell Scientific, inc) SDI-12 Sensors
Operating Range: -10°C to 80°C
Output Units: °C
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Level Table:
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Temperature: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Water Temperature: Sample reading at the top of the hour.
Daily Table:
Daily Maximum Water Temperature: the highest reading taken during the previous day.
Daily Minimum Water Temperature: the lowest reading taken during the previous day.
Battery Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Voltage: Measured at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Battery Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Load Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 29
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Sample Load Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
o Hourly Average Load Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Solar Panel Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Solar Panel Voltage: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Solar Panel Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Solar Panel Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Solar Panel Current: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Solar Panel Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Voltage Regulator (CH200) Temperature
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Average CR1000 Panel Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
Resulting Final Storage Data Tables:
See Datalogger Output Files Excel Document
Notes
Definitions:
Scan interval = sampling duration = scan rate
Time of maximum or minimum values is not recorded
Sample reading = instantaneous reading
Beginning of the hour = top of the hour
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 30
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Table B-4. This table is a condensed version of the Data Measurement and Recording groundwater (CR200X logger) metadata standards shown above
for FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) site ESMFA104-3.
Susitna ESSFA104-3 Groundwater Station Data Standards
Data Files
A
D
Ground Water
Last Update:
6/28/2013
Last Update By: AMcHugh
File Description
Station Diagnostics
Data for the Current Conditions Page
Table
HourlyDiag
HrlyClimate
P
15-min water table
QuarterHrWater
M
Overall daily output
Daily
Key Analysis and Demonstration Questions
Determine the potential for generating hydroelectric power.
CSI Data Station Collection Standards Summary Table
Parameters
- Water Ht (CS451)
- Surface Water Temperature (CS451)
Monitoring System Diagnostic Conditions
- Station ID
- Battery Voltage
- Battery Current
- Load Current
- Solar Panel Voltage
- Solar Panel Current
- CH200 Voltage RegulatorTemperature
# Sensors
3
3
Units
ft, psig
°C
Sample Point
D
D
na
1
1
1
1
1
1
number
V
A
A
V
A
°C
A,D
A
A
A
A
A
Hourly Data
Avg
Max
Min
Sample Point
P
P
P
Data Tables
Fifteen-Minute Data
Avg
Max
P
Min
Sample Point
Daily Data
Avg
Max
M
M
Min
M
M
M
A
A
A
A
A
A
* Sensor Not Installed
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 31
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following describes groundwater with sap flow data measurement and recording
standards for FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) station ESMFA104-4, representative of a
groundwater CSI CR1000 with sap flow sensors type station:
Susitna Hydrology Project
ESGFA104-6 Focus Area Well Head with Sap Flow Station
Data Measurement and Recording Standards
Last Update: 07/23/2013
Last Update By: R Paetzold
Focus Area Station
Data-Collection Objectives: Meteorological data to evaluate the potential for hydro-electric
power generation in the Susitna River region.
Time Recording Standard: Always Alaska Standard Time (UTC – 9).
Datalogger Scan Interval Standard: 60 seconds.
Time Measurement Standards:
Hourly readings are recorded at the end of the hour; therefore, the hourly average water
temperature, for example, with a 60-second scan interval and a time stamp of 14:00 is
measured from 13:01 to 14:00:00. For a 60-second scan interval, the hourly average would
be the average of 60 min = 60 values.
Quarter-hourly readings are recorded every fifteen minutes starting at the top of the hour.
Instantaneous readings are taken at the time specified by the time stamp.
A day begins at midnight (00:00:00) and ends at midnight (23:59:55). All daily data are
from the day prior to the date of the time stamp. For example, if the time stamp reads
09/09/2007 00:00 or 09/09/2007 12:00:00 AM, the data are from 09/08/2007.
Data Retrieval Interval: Data will be retrieved hourly.
Data Reporting Interval: Hourly
Sap Flow Measurements 1
Sensor: 22 TDP30 Thermal Dissipation Probe Sensors
Installation: Sensors comprised of two thermocouples and heater are inserted in tree. Three or
four sensors per tree.
Height: TBD meters
Output Units: Depends on the measurement.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
TableDT (Hourly):
Hourly Average Differential Thermocouple Temperature (°C): Average of the 60 oneminute readings for the previous hour. (one value for each sensor).
TableHR (Hourly):
Hourly Accumulated Sap Flow (g/hr): Accumulated sap flow, sum of the 60 one-minute
readings for the previous hour. (one value).
TableTC (Hourly):
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 32
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
•
•
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Hourly Sample Average Differential Thermocouple Temperature (°C): Hourly sample
(point) reading recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample Maximum Differential Thermocouple Temperature (°C): Hourly
sample (point) reading recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample Thermocouple Sap Velocity (cm/hr): Hourly sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample Thermocouple Sap Flow (g/hr): Hourly sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample Thermocouple Status: Hourly sample (point) reading recorded at the
top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample Thermocouple Heater Voltage (V): Hourly sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
TableTDP (Hourly):
o Hourly Sample TDP Sap Flow (g/hr): Hourly sample (point) reading recorded at the
top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample TDP Sap Flow Index: Hourly sample (point) reading recorded at the
top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample TDP Status: Hourly sample (point) reading recorded at the top of the
hour. (one value for each sensor)
Daily Raw Table:
o Hourly Sample Sensor String: Recorded at the top of each day (midnight AST). TDP
Type, Index Area, dTM1, SA1, dTM2, SA2, dTM3, SA3 for each sensor.
TableDY (Daily):
o Sample Daily Total Sap Flow: Accumulated total daily sap flow for the previous day
ending at midnight AST. (one value for all sensors).
o Sample Daily Maximum Sap Flow: The highest reading from the previous day. (one
value for each sensor).
Sap Flow Measurements 2
Sensor: 10 TDP50 Thermal Dissipation Probe Sensors
Installation: Sensors comprised of two thermocouples and heater are inserted in tree. Three or
four sensors per tree.
Height: TBD meters
Output Units: Depends on the measurement.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
TableDT (Hourly):
Hourly Average Differential Thermocouple Temperature (°C): Average of the 60 oneminute readings for the previous hour. (one value for each sensor).
TableHR (Hourly):
Hourly Accumulated Sap Flow (g/hr): Accumulated sap flow, sum of the 60 one-minute
readings for the previous hour. (one value).
TableTC (Hourly):
Hourly Sample Average Differential Thermocouple Temperature (°C): Hourly sample
(point) reading recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 33
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
•
•
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Hourly Sample Maximum Differential Thermocouple Temperature (°C): Hourly sample
(point) reading recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample Thermocouple Sap Velocity (cm/hr): Hourly sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample Thermocouple Sap Flow (g/hr): Hourly sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample Thermocouple Status: Hourly sample (point) reading recorded at the
top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample Thermocouple Heater Voltage (V): Hourly sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
TableTDP (Hourly):
o Hourly Sample TDP Sap Flow (g/hr): Hourly sample (point) reading recorded at the
top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample TDP Sap Flow Index: Hourly sample (point) reading recorded at the
top of the hour. (one value for each sensor)
o Hourly Sample TDP Status: Hourly sample (point) reading recorded at the top of the
hour. (one value for each sensor)
Daily Raw Table:
o Hourly Sample Sensor String: Recorded at the top of each day (midnight AST). TDP
Type, Index Area, dTM1, SA1, dTM2, SA2, dTM3, SA3 for each sensor.
TableDY (Daily):
o Sample Daily Total Sap Flow: Accumulated total daily sap flow for the previous day
ending at midnight AST. (one value for all sensors).
o Sample Daily Maximum Sap Flow: The highest reading from the previous day. (one
value for each sensor).
Water Height
Sensor: One CS451 (Campbell Scientific, inc) pressure transducer, SDI-12 type sensors
Pressure Measurement Range: 0-7.25 psig
Output Units: cm, ft (water height above sensor), psig
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Height Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Height: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading recorded at
the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Height: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Height: Fifteen minute maximum of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Height: Fifteen minute minimum of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Water Height: Sample at the top of each hour. This table is for the
Current Conditions page on the Diag Site only.
Daily Table:
Daily Average Water Height: Average of all readings for the previous day.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 34
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Daily Maximum Water Height: Maximum water height for the previous day.
o Daily Minimum Water Height: Minimum water height for the previous day.
Water Temperature
Sensor: One CS451 (Campbell Scientific, inc) SDI-12 Sensors
Operating Range: -10°C to 80°C
Output Units: °C
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Level Table:
Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Temperature: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Temperature: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour.
Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Temperature: The highest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes.
Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Temperature: The lowest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Water Temperature: Sample at the top of each hour. This table is for the
Current Conditions page on the Diag Site only.
Daily Table:
Daily Average Water Temperature: Average of all readings for the previous day.
Daily Maximum Water Temperature: the highest reading taken during the previous day.
Daily Minimum Water Temperature: the lowest reading taken during the previous day.
Battery Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Voltage: Measured at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum CR1000 Battery Voltage: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Voltage: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Battery Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 35
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
o Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
o Hourly Maximum CR1000 Battery Current: The highest reading from the previous
hour.
o Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Current: The lowest reading from the previous
hour.
Load Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Load Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Load Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the previous
hour.
Hourly Maximum Load Current: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Current: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Solar Panel Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Solar Panel Voltage: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Solar Panel Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum Solar Panel Voltage: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Solar Panel Voltage: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Solar Panel Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Solar Panel Current: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Solar Panel Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum Solar Panel Current: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Solar Panel Current: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Datalogger (CR1000) Panel Temperature
Sensor: CR1000 Internal thermistor
Output Units: °C.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 36
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Average CR1000 Panel Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings
for the previous hour.
Voltage Regulator (CH200) Temperature
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Average CR1000 Panel Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
Battery Capacity
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: AHr.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Previous Battery Capacity (NEWBATTCAP): Hourly reading at the top
of the hour.
Hourly Sample Present Battery Capacity (BattCap): Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Daily Cumulative Battery Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: AHr.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Cumulative Battery Current In: Hourly reading at the top of the hour;
cumulative to midnight.
Hourly Sample Cumulative Battery Current Out: Hourly reading at the top of the hour;
cumulative to midnight.
Battery Charge Power
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: W.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Average Power to Charge Battery: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
o Hourly Maximum Power to Charge Battery: Maximum of the 60 one-minute readings
for the previous hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 37
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
o Hourly Minimum Power to Charge Battery: Minimum of the 60 one-minute readings
for the previous hour.
Load Power
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: W.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Average Power Used by Load: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum Power Used by Load: Maximum of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Minimum Power Used by Load: Minimum of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Charger State
Sensor: CH200
Output: -1 = regulator fault, 0 = no charge, 1 = current limited charging, 2 = cycle charging, 3 =
float charging, 4 = battery test.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Charge State: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
Resulting Final Storage Data Tables:
See Datalogger Output Files Excel Document
Notes
Definitions:
Scan interval = sampling duration = scan rate
Time of maximum or minimum values is not recorded
Sample reading = instantaneous reading
Beginning of the hour = top of the hour
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 38
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Table B-5. This table is a condensed version of the Data Measurement and Recording groundwater with sap flow metadata standards shown above for
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) site ESMFA104-4.
ESGFA104-4 Well Head with Sap Flow Station Data Standards
Data Files
A
D
Ground Water with Sap Flow
Last Update:
7/27/2013
Last Update By: R Paetzold
Key Analysis and Demonstration Questions
Determine the potential for generating hydroelectric power.
Table
HourlyDiag
HrlyClimate
Station Diagnostics
Data for the Current Conditions Page
P
15-min water table
QuarterHourlyWater
H
M
U
V
W
Y
Z
Daily Raw Data
Overall daily output
Hourly sample differential sap flowthermocouple measurements
Hourly average differential sap flow thermocouple measurements
Hourly sap flow
Hourly accumulated sap flow
Daily sap flow
DailyRaw
Daily
TableTC
TableDT
TableTDP
TableHR
TableDY
CSI Data Station Collection Standards Summary Table
Parameters
# Sensors
Units
Sample Point
1
1
cm, ft, psig
°C
D
D
Hourly Data
Avg
Max
Min
Sample Point
Data Tables
Fifteen-Minute Data
Avg
Max
Min
Sample Point
Daily Data
Avg
Max
Min
Water Level
- Water Ht (CS451)
- Surface Water Temperature (CS451)
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
M
M
M
M
M
M
Sap Flow - TDP30
- TDP Type
22
- Index Area
22
- dTM1; Max Temperature Difference between sensor thermocouple
22
°C
H
H
H
- SA1; Cross-sectional Area
22
- dTM2; Max Temperature Difference between sensor thermocouple
22
cm2
°C
H
H
cm2
°C
H
H
- SA2; Cross-sectional Area
22
- dTM3; Max Temperature Difference between sensor thermocouple
22
- SA3; Cross-sectional Area
22
- TC_dTC; Differential Thermocouple Temperature
22
- Day of Year
22
- Time of Day; Hour, Minute
22
- TC_dTCa; Avg Differential Thermocouple Temperature
22
- TC_dTM; Max Differential Thermocouple Temperature
22
- TC_Vel; Thermocouple Sap Velocity
22
- TC_Flow; Thermocouple Sap Flow
22
- TC_FlowIx
22
- TC_Status; Sensor Status
22
cm
°C
2
°C
°C
cm/hr
g/hr
V
g/hr
H
V
U,W,Y
U,W,Y
U
U,Z
U
U,W
W
U,W
U
Y
Z
- HtrV, Saqp Flow Sensor Heater Voltage
4
- Hr_Flow, Hourly Accumulated Sap Flow
22
- DY_Flow; Accumulated Daily Sap Flow
1
Z
- TDP Type
10
- Index Area
10
- dTM1; Max Temperature Difference between sensor thermocouple
10
°C
H
H
H
- SA1; Cross-sectional Area
10
- dTM2; Max Temperature Difference between sensor thermocouple
10
cm2
°C
H
H
cm2
°C
H
H
Sap Flow - TDP50
- SA2; Cross-sectional Area
10
- dTM3; Max Temperature Difference between sensor thermocouple
10
- SA3; Cross-sectional Area
10
- TC_dTC; Differential Thermocouple Temperature
10
- Day of Year
10
- Time of Day; Hour, Minute
10
- TC_dTCa; Avg Differential Thermocouple Temperature
10
- TC_dTM; Max Differential Thermocouple Temperature
10
- TC_Vel; Thermocouple Sap Velocity
10
- TC_Flow; Thermocouple Sap Flow
10
- TC_FlowIx
10
- TC_Status; Sensor Status
10
- HtrV, Saqp Flow Sensor Heater Voltage
4
- Hr_Flow, Hourly Accumulated Sap Flow
10
- DY_Flow; Accumulated Daily Sap Flow
1
Monitoring System Diagnostic Conditions
- Station ID
- Battery Voltage
- Battery Current
- Load Current
- Solar Panel Voltage
- Solar Panel Current
- CR1000 Temperature
- CH200 Voltage RegulatorTemperature
- NEWBATTCAP, Previous Battery Capacity
- BattCap; Current Battery Capacity
- Daily Cumulative Battery Current In
- Daily Cumulative Battery Current Out
- Charger Power; Avg Power to Charge Battery
- Load Power, Avg Power used by Load
- Charger State
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
na
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
cm2
°C
°C
°C
cm/hr
g/hr
V
g/hr
H
V
U,W,Y
U,W,Y
U
U,Z
U
U,W
W
U,W
U
Y
Z
Z
number
V
A
A
V
A
°C
°C
Ahr
AHr
AHr
AHr
W
W
A,D,U,V,W,Y
A
A
A
A
A
P
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
U
A.U
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
H,M,Z
A
A
A
A
A
Appendix B – Page 39
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following describes groundwater data measurement and recording standards for FA104 (Whiskers Slough) station ESMFA104-10, representative of a groundwater CSI
CR1000 type station with two temperature profile measurement sensors:
Susitna Hydrology Project
ESG104-10 Groundwater Station
Data Measurement and Recording Standards
Last Update: 01/12/2014
Last Update By: R Paetzold
Groundwater Station
Data-Collection Objectives: Meteorological data to evaluate the potential for hydro-electric
power generation in the Susitna River region.
Time Recording Standard: Always Alaska Standard Time (UTC – 9).
Datalogger Scan Interval Standard: 3 seconds.
Time Measurement Standards:
Hourly readings are recorded at the end of the hour; therefore, the hourly average water
temperature, for example, with a 60-second scan interval and a time stamp of 14:00 is
measured from 13:01 to 14:00:00. For a 60-second scan interval, the hourly average would
be the average of 60 min = 60 values.
Quarter-hourly readings are recorded every fifteen minutes starting at the top of the hour.
Instantaneous readings are taken at the time specified by the time stamp.
A day begins at midnight (00:00:00) and ends at midnight (23:59:55). All daily data are
from the day prior to the date of the time stamp. For example, if the time stamp reads
09/09/2007 00:00 or 09/09/2007 12:00:00 AM, the data are from 09/08/2007.
Data Retrieval Interval: Data will be retrieved hourly.
Data Reporting Interval: Hourly
Images
Camera: Moultrie Game camera; not connected to data logger.
Memory Card: 16GB SD Flash Memory Card
Flash Card Capacity: ~20,000 Images or over 1 year
Images Taken: On camera’s internal time interval.
Images Saved on Camera Memory Card: Half-hourly Lo-Resolution
Images Saved on Datalogger: Not connected to data logger.
Image Trigger Interval: 30-minutes
Data Retrieval: Manually, during station visits.
Water Height
Sensor: Two CS451 (Campbell Scientific, inc) pressure transducer, SDI-12 type sensors. Note
INW PT-12s may be substituted for one or more of the CS451s.
Pressure Measurement Range: 0-7.25 psig
Output Units: cm, ft (water height above sensor), psig
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 40
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
•
•
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Fifteen-Minute Water Table:
o Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Height: Fifteen minute sample (point) reading
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour for each sensor.
o Fifteen-Minute Average Water Height: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour for each sensor.
o Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Height: Fifteen minute maximum of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour for each sensor.
o Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Height: Fifteen minute minimum of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour for each sensor.
Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Water Height: Sample at the top of each hour for each sensor.
Daily Table:
o Daily Average Water Height: Average of all readings for the previous day for each
sensor.
o Daily Maximum Water Height: Maximum water height for the previous day for each
sensor.
o Daily Minimum Water Height: Minimum water height for the previous day for each
sensor.
Water Temperature
Sensor: Two CS451 (Campbell Scientific, inc) pressure transducer, SDI-12 type sensors. Note
INW PT-12s may be substituted for one or more of the CS451s.
Operating Range: -10°C to 80°C
Output Units: °C
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Table:
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Temperature: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour for each sensor.
Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Temperature: The highest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes for each sensor.
Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Temperature: The lowest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes for each sensor.
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Water Temperature: Sample at the top of each hour for each sensor.
Daily Table:
Daily Average Water Temperature: Average of all readings for the previous day for each
sensor.
Daily Maximum Water Temperature: the highest reading taken during the previous day
for each sensor.
Daily Minimum Water Temperature: the lowest reading taken during the previous day for
each sensor.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 41
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Water Electrical Conductivity
Sensor: Two CS547A Probes.
Operating Range: 0°C to +50°C; 0.005 to 7.0 mS cm-1.
Cell Constant: Individually calibrated. The cell constant (Kc) is found on a label near the
termination of the cable.
Output Units: kΩ, mS cm-1
Scan Interval: 60 minutes
Output to Tables:
• Fifteen-Minute Water Table:
o Fifteen-Minute Sample Water Electrical Conductivity: Fifteen minute sample (point)
reading recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour for each
sensor.
o Fifteen-Minute Average Water Electrical Conductivity: Fifteen minute average of all
15 readings recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour for
each sensor.
o Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Electrical Conductivity: Fifteen minute maximum
of all 15 readings recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour
for each sensor.
o Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Electrical Conductivity: Fifteen minute minimum of
all 15 readings recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour
for each sensor.
• Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Water Electrical Electrical Conductivity: Measured at the top of the
hour for each sensor.
• Hourly Raw Table:
o Hourly Sample Water Electrical Conductivity: Top of the hour measurement of water
electrical conductivity each sensor, uncorrected for temperature.
o Hourly Average Water Electrical Conductivity: Hourly average water electrical
conductivity for each sensor, uncorrected for temperature.
• Daily Table:
o Daily Average Water Electrical Conductivity: Average of all readings for the
previous day for each sensor.
o Daily Maximum Water Electrical Conductivity: Maximum of all readings for the
previous day for each sensor.
o Daily Minimum Water Electrical Conductivity: Minimum of all readings for the
previous day for each sensor.
Water Temperature at Electrical Conductivity Sensors
Sensor: Two CS547A Probes with Betatherm 100K6A1 thermistors.
Operating Range: 0°C to +50°C
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: 60 minutes
Output to Tables:
Fifteen-Minute Water Table:
Fifteen-Minute Average Water Temperature: Fifteen minute average of all 15 readings
recorded at the top of the hour, 15, 30, and 45 minutes past the hour for each sensor.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 42
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
•
•
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
o Fifteen-Minute Maximum Water Temperature: The highest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes for each sensor.
o Fifteen-Minute Minimum Water Temperature: The lowest reading taken during the
previous fifteen minutes for each sensor.
Hourly Climate Table:
o Hourly Sample Water Temperature: Measured at the top of the hour for each sensor.
Daily Table:
o Daily Average Water Temperature: Average of all readings for the previous day for
each sensor.
o Daily Maximum Water Temperature: Maximum of all readings for the previous day
for each sensor.
o Daily Minimum Water Temperature: Minimum of all readings for the previous day
for each sensor.
Soil Temperature Profile
Sensor: Two GWS YSI Soil Profile Temperature Probes each with Twelve YSI Series 44033
thermistors.
Installation: Vertically in a drilled hole.
Depths: 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 150 cm, 1-12 thermistors (based on actual
depth of bored drill hole)
Output Units: kΩ, °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Subsurface Table:
Hourly Sample Soil Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour. (twelve values for
each probe, one for each thermistor).
Hourly Average Soil Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. (twelve values for each probe, one for each thermistor).
Hourly Raw Table:
Hourly Sample Sensor Resistance: Recorded at the top of each hour. "Raw" data in kΩ.
(twelve values for each probe, one for each thermistor)
Hourly Average Sensor Resistance: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour. "Raw" data in kΩ. (twelve values for each probe, one for each thermistor).
Hourly Climate Table:
Hourly Sample Soil Temperature: Recorded at the top of each hour. (twelve values for
each probe, one for each thermistor).
Daily Table:
Daily Average Soil Temperature: Average of all temperature readings for the previous
day ending at midnight AST. (twelve values for each probe, one for each thermistor).
Battery Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 43
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Voltage: Measured at the top of the hour.
o Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
o Hourly Maximum CR1000 Battery Voltage: The highest reading from the previous
hour.
o Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Voltage: The lowest reading from the previous
hour.
Battery Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample CR1000 Battery Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average CR1000 Battery Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
Hourly Maximum CR1000 Battery Current: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Current: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Load Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Sample Load Current: Measured at the top of the hour.
Hourly Average Load Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the previous
hour.
Hourly Maximum Load Current: The highest reading from the previous hour.
Hourly Minimum CR1000 Battery Current: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Solar Panel Voltage
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: V.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Sample Solar Panel Voltage: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
o Hourly Average Solar Panel Voltage: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
o Hourly Maximum Solar Panel Voltage: The highest reading from the previous hour.
o Hourly Minimum Solar Panel Voltage: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 44
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Solar Panel Current
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: A.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
• Hourly Diagnostics Table:
o Hourly Sample Solar Panel Current: Hourly reading at the top of the hour.
o Hourly Average Solar Panel Current: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for the
previous hour.
o Hourly Maximum Solar Panel Current: The highest reading from the previous hour.
o Hourly Minimum Solar Panel Current: The lowest reading from the previous hour.
Datalogger (CR1000) Panel Temperature
Sensor: CR1000 Internal thermistor
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Average CR1000 Panel Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
Voltage Regulator (CH200) Temperature
Sensor: CH200
Output Units: °C.
Scan Interval: 60 seconds
Output to Tables:
Hourly Diagnostics Table:
Hourly Average CR1000 Panel Temperature: Average of the 60 one-minute readings for
the previous hour.
Resulting Final Storage Data Tables:
See Datalogger Output Files Excel Document
Notes
Definitions:
Scan interval = sampling duration = scan rate
Time of maximum or minimum values is not recorded
Sample reading = instantaneous reading
Beginning of the hour = top of the hour
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 45
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Table B-6. This table is a condensed version of the Data Measurement and Recording groundwater metadata standards shown above for FA-104
(Whiskers Slough) site ESMFA104-10.
Susitna ESGFA104-10 Groundwater Station Data Standards
Data Files
A
B
C
Surface Water
Last Update:
1/12/2014
Last Update By: R Paetzold
Station Diagnostics
Hourly table for all measurements
15-min met data
Table
HourlyDiag
Hourly
QuarterHrlyMet
TwoMinWd
K
2-minute table for wind
Key Analysis and Demonstration Questions
P
15-min water table
QuarterHourlyWater
Determine the potential for generating hydroelectric power.
L
M
D
O
Hourly Raw Data (collected for field diagnostics)
Overall daily output
Data for the Current Conditions Page
Hourly subsurface measurements
HourlyRaw
Daily
HrlyClimate
HourlySubs
CSI Data Station Collection Standards Summary Table
Parameters
- Water Ht (CS451 or INW PT12)
- Water Temperature (CS451 or INW PT12)
# Sensors
Units
Sample Point
2
cm, ft, psig
D
2
°C
D
- Water Electrical Conductiviey (CS547A)
- Water Temperature (CS547A)
Soil Temperature Profile (12 GWS YSI Thermistor String)
Monitoring System Diagnostic Conditions
- Station ID
- Battery Voltage
- Battery Current
- Load Current
- Solar Panel Voltage
- Solar Panel Current
- CR1000 Temperature
- CH200 Voltage RegulatorTemperature
Hourly Data
Avg
Max
2
2
kΩ, mS cm-1
°C
D.L
D
L
2
°C
D,L,O
L,O
na
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
number
V
A
A
V
A
°C
°C
A,D,L,O
A
A
A
A
A
Min
Sample Point
P
P
P
P
P
P
Daily Data
Min
P
P
Sample Point
P
P
Avg
M
M
Max
M
M
Min
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
P
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
Data Tables
Fifteen-Minute Data
Avg
Max
P
P
P
P
A
A
A
A
A
M
A
A
A
A
A
Manually collected images from Motree Game Camera
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix B – Page 46
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
(FERC No. 14241)
Groundwater Study (7.5)
Appendix C
Groundwater Study Data-Collection Station Programs
and Wiring Diagram Examples
Initial Study Report
Prepared for
Alaska Energy Authority
Prepared by
Geo-Watersheds Scientific
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
APPENDIX C: GROUNDWATER STUDY DATA-COLLECTION STATION
PROGRAMS AND WIRING DIAGRAM EXAMPLES
The Groundwater Study data-collection station programs and wiring diagrams help ensure the
collection of quality datasets. The examples within this appendix show the range of standard
wiring diagrams and programs for various types of stations to meet study objectives. The
primary station types include surface-water, groundwater, and meteorological stations. Station
programs and wiring diagrams have been created for each station type.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix C – Page 1
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Table C-1. This table lists representative station types with corresponding programs and wiring diagrams
for each station type. Following the table, example programming and wiring diagrams for surface-water,
groundwater, and meteorological stations are provided.
Focus Area
FA-128 (Slough 8A)
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
Primary Station Purpose
(variation)
Surface-Water
(CSI CR1000)
Meteorological
(CSI CR1000)
Groundwater
(CSI CR200X)
Groundwater
(CR1000, sap flow sensors)
Groundwater
(CSI CR1000, stream-bed profiles)
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix C – Page 2
Representative Station
ESSFA128-1
ESMFA104-2
ESGFA104-3
ESGFA104-4
ESGFA104-10
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-1. Data collection station short name convention used for continuously monitored stations. Most
stations collect data for multiple study objectives. This allows for improved efficiency of synoptic data collection
and data collection standards.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix C – Page 3
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following program and wiring diagrams depict FA-128 (Slough 8A) station ESSFA1281, representative of the surface-water (CSI CR1000) type station:
'CR1000 Series Datalogger
'Modification Of: ESSFA104-1_20130719.cr1
'Modified by: AMcHugh
'Date Modified: 07/19/2013
'Modifications: Changed StationName
'Modification Of: ESSFAW1_20130401.cr1
'Modified by: AMcHugh
'Date Modified: 07/19/2013
'Modifications: Added CH200 code.
'Modification Of: ESSFA_20130121.cri
'Modified by: R Paetzold
'Date Modified: 04/01/2013
'Modifications: New station with two cameras, two pressure transducers, GWS YSI Air T sensor,
'
multiplexer, and soil profile temperature string.
'Program Name: ESSRA_20130121.cr1
'Modification Of: ESS10_20121212.cr1
'Modified by: AMcHugh
'Date Modified:
'Modifications:
'Station Notes:
'
PakBus ID for Station: 520
'INSERT PakBus ID HERE <===========
'
Station ID: 520
'INSERT Station ID HERE <==========
'
Time is set to AK Standard Time
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'''' INDIVIDUAL STATION INPUTS ''''
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'INSERT Station Name HERE:
StationName (ESSFA128-1)
'INSERT Station Name HERE
<===============================
'INSERT Station ID HERE:
Const ID = 520
'INSERT Station ID HERE <==========================
'FIXED RESISTOR VALUES FOR GWS THERMISTOR CIRCUITS
'INSERT FIXED RESISTOR #1 (EX1 to SE1) MEASURED VALUE (kOHM) HERE:
**********************
Const Rf_1 = 1.000
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix C – Page 4
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
'INSERT FIXED RESISTOR #2 (EX1 to SE2) MEASURED VALUE (kOHM) HERE:
**********************
Const Rf_2 = 1.000
'INSERT FIXED RESISTOR #3 (EX1 to SE3) MEASURED VALUE (kOHM) HERE:
**********************
Const Rf_3 = 1.000
'YSI thermistor conversion:
'kOHM to deg C
Const a = 0.0014654354
Const b = 0.0002386780
Const c = 0.0000001000
'CONTROL PORTS
' C1 CH200 - Charging Regulator
' C2 AM16/32B - Multiplexer, RES
' C3 AM16/32B - Multiplexer, CLK
' C4 CC5MPXWD Camera #1 Trigger
' C5 PT1 - CS450 Pressure Transducer
' C6 CC5MPXWD Camera #2 Trigger
' C7 PT2 - CS450 Pressure Transducer
' C8
' SW12V
'DECLARE PUBLIC VARIABLES
PreserveVariables ' variables are maintained over reboot.
Public MinIntoDay ' computed value from rTime
Public StationID ' Station ID number, USER INPUT
Public BattVolts_V
Public LoggerTemp_C
Public DlyBatCrtIn_AHr, DlyBatCrtOut_AHr
Public LoadPwr_W, ChargePwr_W
Public CH200_M0(9) 'Array to hold all data from CH200
Public CH200_MX(4) ' Array to hold extended data from CH200
Alias CH200_MX(1) = BattTargV ' Battery charging target voltage
Alias CH200_MX(2) = DgtlPotSet ' Digital potentiometer setting
Alias CH200_MX(3) = BattCap ' Present battery capacity
Alias CH200_MX(4) = Qloss ' Battery charge deficit
' SDI-12 formatted battery capacity value
Public SDI12command As String
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix C – Page 5
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
' Response from CH200. Retrns the address of the unit and "ok" if all went well
Public SDI12result As String
Public NEWBATTCAP ' the new battery capacticty if you need to change it.
Public CS450Data1(2) 'Water Level Sensor 1 - pressure, temperature
Public CS450Data2(2) 'Water Level Sensor 2 - pressure, temperature
Public WaterHt1_cm, WaterHt1_ft, WaterHt2_cm, WaterHt2_ft
' Water level above the
probe
Public Therm_kOhm(15), TEMP_C(15) 'YSI thermistors - air temperature (1-3), soil
temperature (4-15)
Public WaterT_C(5) 'CSI 109 temperature sensor - water temperature
Public TAKEIMAGE
Public IMAGERATE_MIN ' Adjust this for the image rate.
Public STARTIMAGEMID ' time as Minutes Into Day to START taking images
Public STOPIMAGEMID ' time as Minutes Into Day to STOP taking images.
Public CAMERAMANCONTROL As String * 2 'on or off
Public CAMERADEFROSTERMODE As String * 2 ' manual or auto
Public CAMERADEFROSTERMANCONTROL As String * 2 ' on or off
Public CAMERADEFROSTERONMID ' time as Minutes Into Day to turn Camera Heat On
Public CAMERADEFROSTEROFFMID ' time as Minutes Into Day to turn Camera Heat Off
Public TurnDefrosterOn As Boolean
Public TurnDefrosterVal As Long
Public SendVarResult As Long
Public TAKEIMAGE2
Public IMAGE2RATE_MIN ' adjust this for the image rate
Public STARTIMAGE2MID ' time as Minutes Into Day to START taking images
Public STOPIMAGE2MID ' time as Minutes Into Day to STOP taking images.
Public CAMERA2MANCONTROL As String * 2 'on or off
Public CAMERA2DEFROSTERMODE As String * 2 ' manual or auto
Public CAMERA2DEFROSTERMANCONTROL As String * 2 ' on or off
Public CAMERA2DEFROSTERONMID ' time as Minutes Into Day to turn Camera Heat On
Public CAMERA2DEFROSTEROFFMID ' time as Minutes Into Day to turn Camera Heat Off
Public TurnDefroster2On As Boolean
Public TurnDefroster2Val As Long
Public SendVarResult2 As Long
Dim Initialized
Dim therm(15)
Dim i
Dim D(15)
Dim FixedRes(3)
Alias CS450Data1(1) = WaterHt1_psi
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Alias CS450Data1(2) = WaterT1_C
Alias CS450Data2(1) = WaterHt2_psi
Alias CS450Data2(2) = WaterT2_C
Alias TEMP_C(1) = AirT_YSI1_C
Alias TEMP_C(2) = AirT_YSI2_C
Alias TEMP_C(3) = AirT_YSI3_C
Alias Temp_C(4) = SoilT_5cm_C
Alias Temp_C(5) = SoilT_10cm_C
Alias Temp_C(6) = SoilT_15cm_C
Alias Temp_C(7) = SoilT_20cm_C
Alias Temp_C(8) = SoilT_30cm_C
Alias Temp_C(9) = SoilT_40cm_C
Alias Temp_C(10) = SoilT_50cm_C
Alias Temp_C(11) = SoilT_60cm_C
Alias Temp_C(12) = SoilT_80cm_C
Alias Temp_C(13) = SoilT_100cm_C
Alias Temp_C(14) = SoilT_120cm_C
Alias Temp_C(15) = SoilT_150cm_C
Alias CH200_M0(1)=CH200BattVolts_V
'Battery voltage: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(2)=BattCrnt_A
'Current going into, or out of, the battery: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(3)=LoadCrnt_A
'Current going to the load: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(4)=SolarPanel_V
'Voltage coming into the charger: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(5)=SolarPanel_A
'Current coming into the charger: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(6)=Chgr_Tmp_C
'Charger temperature: Celsius
Alias CH200_M0(7)=Chgr_State
'Charging state: 2=Cycle, 3=Float, 1=Current Limited, or
0=None
Alias CH200_M0(8)=Chgr_Source
'Charging source: 0=None, 1=Solar, or 2=AC
Alias CH200_M0(9)=Ck_Batt
'Check battery error: 0=normal, 1=check battery
' Real time variable assigned
Public rTime(9)
'declare as public and dimension rTime to 9
Alias rTime(1) = Year
'assign the alias Year to rTime(1)
Alias rTime(2) = Month
'assign the alias Month to rTime(2)
Alias rTime(3) = DOM
'assign the alias Day to rTime(3)
Alias rTime(4) = Hour
'assign the alias Hour to rTime(4)
Alias rTime(5) = Minute
'assign the alias Minute to rTime(5)
Alias rTime(6) = Second
'assign the alias Second to rTime(6)
Alias rTime(7) = uSecond
'assign the alias uSecond to rTime(7)
Alias rTime(8) = WeekDay
'assign the alias WeekDay to rTime(8)
Alias rTime(9) = Day_of_Year 'assign the alias Day_of_Year to rTime(9)
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
' 15-minute Water Table
DataTable (QuarterHourlyWater,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,15,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False,False)
Average (5,WaterT_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (5,WaterT_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (5,WaterT_C,FP2,False,False)
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EndTable
'Hourly Diagonostics Table
DataTable (HourlyDiag,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
'BATTERY VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,BattVolts_V,FP2)
Average (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,False)
'BATTERY CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False,False)
'LOAD CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False,False)
'SOLAR PANEL VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False,False)
'SOLAR PANEL CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False,False)
'Logger Temperature (deg C)
Average (1,LoggerTemp_C,FP2,False)
'Charge Regulator Temperature (deg C)
Average (1,CH200_M0(6),FP2,False)
EndTable
'Hourly Raw Measurements Table
DataTable (HourlyRaw,1,-1)
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DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (15,Therm_kOhm(),FP2)
Average (15,Therm_kOhm(),FP2,False)
EndTable
'Hourly Meteorological Measurements Table
DataTable (Hourly,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2)
Average (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False)
EndTable
'Hourly Subsurface Measurements Table
DataTable (HrlySubs,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2)
Average (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2,False)
EndTable
'Hourly Climate Table (for Current Conditions Table on Web)
DataTable (HrlyClimate,1,96)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterT1_C,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2)
EndTable
'Daily Output Table
DataTable (Daily,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,1440,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Average (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
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Minimum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False,False)
Average (5,WaterT_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (5,WaterT_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (5,WaterT_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2,False)
EndTable
''''''''''''''''''''''
'''' MAIN PROGRAM ''''
''''''''''''''''''''''
'SCAN (EXECUTE) PROGRAM AT 60-SEC INTERVALS
BeginProg
Scan (60,Sec,0,0)
''''' Set Station ID '''''
StationID = ID
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' get the real time into variables
RealTime (rTime)
' compute Minutes Into Day from hours and minutes into the hour.
MinIntoDay = (Hour * 60) + Minute
' initialize the default (power up) conditions
If Initialized = 0 Then
NEWBATTCAP = 12 ' 100AHr is max capacity the CH200 will accept
IMAGERATE_MIN = 60
IMAGE2RATE_MIN = 60
STARTIMAGEMID = 0 ' 0
STOPIMAGEMID = 1439 ' 1439
CAMERAMANCONTROL = "off"
CAMERADEFROSTERMANCONTROL = "off"
CAMERADEFROSTERMODE = "manual"
CAMERADEFROSTERONMID = 710 ' 710 = 11:50
CAMERADEFROSTEROFFMID = 720 ' 720 = noon
STARTIMAGE2MID = 0 ' 0
STOPIMAGE2MID = 1439 ' 1439
CAMERA2MANCONTROL = "off"
CAMERA2DEFROSTERMANCONTROL = "off"
CAMERA2DEFROSTERMODE = "manual"
CAMERA2DEFROSTERONMID = 710 ' 710 = 11:50
CAMERA2DEFROSTEROFFMID = 720 ' 720 = noon
Initialized = 1
EndIf
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'
CC5MPXWD Camera #1 Image Trigger
'
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' take an image every ImageRate_min between the Start and Stop times.
If MinIntoDay > STARTIMAGEMID AND MinIntoDay < STOPIMAGEMID AND
IfTime(0,IMAGERATE_MIN,Min) Then
PulsePort (4,20000) ' 20,000 uSec = 20mSec pulse to trigger
EndIf
' OR take and image every time TakeImage is set to 1
If TAKEIMAGE = 1 Then
PulsePort (4,20000) ' 20,000 uSec = 20mSec pulse to trigger
TAKEIMAGE = 0
EndIf
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
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'
CC5MPXWD Camera #2 Image Trigger
'
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' take an image every ImageRate_min between the Start and Stop times.
' The second image is taken 1 minute into the Image Rate period
If MinIntoDay > STARTIMAGEMID AND MinIntoDay < STOPIMAGEMID AND IfTime
(1,IMAGE2RATE_MIN,Min) Then
PulsePort (6,20000) ' 20,000 uSec = 20mSec pulse to trigger
EndIf
' OR take and image every time TakeImage is set to 1
If TAKEIMAGE2 = 1 Then
PulsePort (6,20000) ' 20,000 uSec = 20mSec pulse to trigger
TAKEIMAGE2 = 0
EndIf
'''''''''''''''''''
' Diagnostics '
'''''''''''''''''''
'MEASURE DATALOGGER WIRING PANEL TEMPERATURE (deg C)
PanelTemp (LoggerTemp_C,250)
''''''''''''' MEASURE DATALOGGER BATTERY VOLTS (V)
Battery (BattVolts_V)
' Feature to enter specific battery capacity as a Public value and send to charger(s)
'Get additional values from CH200
SDI12Recorder (CH200_MX(),1,0,"M6!",1.0,0)
'If the present battery capacity isnot the same as the new battery capacity, send the new one.
If BattCap <> NEWBATTCAP Then
SDI12command = "XC" & FormatFloat (NEWBATTCAP, "%4.1f") & "!"
SDI12Recorder (SDI12result,1,0,SDI12command,1.0,0)
EndIf
'CH200 CHARGE REGULATOR MEASUREMENTS
' Connected to Control Port 1
' We will use the defalut address of 0.
SDI12Recorder (CH200_M0(),1,0,"MC!",1.0,0)
' Compute running Power and daily running total AmpHours/Day values for each current
measurement.
LoadPwr_W = CH200BattVolts_V * LoadCrnt_A
ChargePwr_W = SolarPanel_V *SolarPanel_A
' Divide each 1 minute Amp sample by 1440 sample/day so that the total at the end of the day
is to get avg current for the day
' then muliply be 24 Hr/day to get AHr/Day. or divide by 60 because 24/1440 = 1/60
' Separate and sum each the positive and negative currents into and out of the battery to get the
total AHr in/out for the day.
' Sample hourly and daily, then zero at end of the day.
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
If BattCrnt_A > 0 Then DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = DlyBatCrtIn_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
If BattCrnt_A < 0 Then DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = DlyBatCrtOut_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'' READ CSI SDI-12 CS450 water level/temp ''
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' There are two CSI CS450 SDI-12 vented water level pressure transducers.
' Sensor 1 is connected to Control Port 5, Sensor 2 is connected to Control Port 7
' We will use the defalut address of 0.
SDI12Recorder (CS450Data1(),5,0,"C!",1.0,0)
SDI12Recorder (CS450Data2(),7,0,"C!",1.0,0)
' convert water heights in psi to cm (70.307 cm/psi)
WaterHt1_cm = WaterHt1_psi * 70.307
WaterHt2_cm = WaterHt2_psi * 70.307
'Convert Water Height in cm to ft. (0.0328 ft/cm)
WaterHt1_ft = WaterHt1_cm * 0.0328
WaterHt2_ft = WaterHt2_cm * 0.0328
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
''' READ 109 Water Temp Probes '''
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
Therm109 (WaterT_C(),5,12,Vx2,0,250,1.0,0)
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
''' READ Thermistors
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'''
'****************************************
'' READ AM16/32 #1 MULTIPLEXER ''
'****************************************
PortSet (2 ,1 )
'TURN ON AM16/32 #1 MULTIPLEXER, SET PORT 2 HIGH
i=1
'INITIALIZE INDEX INTERGER I TO ONE
SubScan (0,Sec,5)
'SCAN LOOP -- 5 ITERATIONS
'ADVANCE AM16/32 #1 GROUP BY 1, PULSE PORT 2 (10 ms delay)
PulsePort (3,10000)
'MEASURE GWS THERMISTORS, (Voltage Ratio X = Rs/(Rs+Rf))
BrHalf (therm(i),1,mV2500,1,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
i=i+1
BrHalf (therm(i),1,mV2500,2,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
i=i+1
BrHalf (therm(i),1,mV2500,3,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
i=i+1
NextSubScan
PortSet (2,0)
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
'TURN OFF AM16/32 #1 MULTIPLEXER, SET PORT 2 LOW
'CONVERT MEASURED VOLTAGE RATIO TO RESISTANCE (kOHM) FOR 15 GWS
THERMISTORS
For i=1 To 15
Therm_kOhm(i) = Rf_1*therm(i)/(1-therm(i))
Next i
'CONVERT GWS THERMISTOR RESISTANCE TO deg C FOR 15 GWS THERMISTORS
For i=1 To 15
D(i) = LN (1000*Therm_kOhm(i))
'ln resistance (ohm)
TEMP_C(i) = (1/(a + b*D(i) + c*(D(i))^3)) - 273.15 'Steinhart & Hart Equation
Next i
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'Camera #1 control code:
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' The camera is turned Off at the top of the hour.
If IfTime (0,60,Min) Then
CAMERAMANCONTROL = "off"
CAMERADEFROSTERMANCONTROL = "off"
'Turn camera off
PortSet (4,0)
EndIf
'Camera On control. Turning camera On will take photo.
If CAMERAMANCONTROL = "on" Then
PortSet (4,1 )
EndIf
'Turn camera Off if CameraManControl AND TurnDefrosterOn is false or off
If CAMERAMANCONTROL = "off" AND TurnDefrosterOn = false Then
PortSet (4 ,0 )
EndIf
' Control CAMERA Defroster (aka Heat)
'CameraDefrosterMode has two states, manual and auto.
'If in manual, CameraDefrosterManControl turns the heat On.
' The camera's logic control turns the heat Off after 65 seconds unless turned back On.
'Enter On or Off in CameraDefrosterManControl to turn heaters On or Off.
'If in Auto, the heaters are turned on at CameraDefrosterOnMID and turned Off at
CameraDefrosterOffMID.
' MID stands for Minutes Into the Day.
'The camera has its own heat control logic:
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
' If camera temp between 25 an 50C and CC5MPXDefroster value = not zero (usually 1), the
heat will be turned
' On, as one shot, for 65 seconds. The camera turns the heater Off itself after 65 seconds.
' Because of this, the code below to turn the camera Off is not really used to turn the heat Off.
It is, however, used
' to TurnDefrosterOn to false therefore Not turning it On.
' Only when TurnDefroaterOn = true, is a value of 1 for TurnDefrosteVal sent to the camera to
turn On the camera and the heat.
If CAMERADEFROSTERMODE = "manual" AND
CAMERADEFROSTERMANCONTROL = "off" Then
TurnDefrosterOn = false
EndIf
If CAMERADEFROSTERMODE = "manual" AND
CAMERADEFROSTERMANCONTROL = "on" Then
TurnDefrosterOn = true
EndIf
If CAMERADEFROSTERMODE = "auto" AND MinIntoDay >
CAMERADEFROSTERONMID AND MinIntoDay < CAMERADEFROSTEROFFMID Then
TurnDefrosterOn = true
EndIf
If CAMERADEFROSTERMODE = "auto" AND MinIntoDay >
CAMERADEFROSTEROFFMID Then
TurnDefrosterOn = false
EndIf
If CAMERADEFROSTERMODE = "auto" AND MinIntoDay <
CAMERADEFROSTERONMID Then
TurnDefrosterOn = false
EndIf
'send string to turn On heat. An image will be triggered.
If TurnDefrosterOn = true Then
'turn On camera
PortSet (4,1 )
'wait to let camera power up before sending string
Delay (1,1200,mSec)
TurnDefrosterVal = 1
' VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV Must have correct camera PakBus address here
VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV
' ComSDC8 is used to communicate through the MD485
SendVariables
(SendVarResult,ComSDC8,0,521,0000,200,"Public","CC5MPXDefroster",TurnDefrosterVal,1)
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EndIf
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'Camera #2 control code:
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' The camera is turned Off at the top of the hour.
If IfTime (0,60,Min) Then
CAMERA2MANCONTROL = "off"
CAMERA2DEFROSTERMANCONTROL = "off"
'Turn camera off
PortSet (6,0)
EndIf
'Camera On control. Turning camera On will take photo.
If CAMERA2MANCONTROL = "on" Then
PortSet (6,1 )
EndIf
'Turn camera Off if CameraManControl AND TurnDefrosterOn is false or off
If CAMERA2MANCONTROL = "off" AND TurnDefroster2On = false Then
PortSet (6 ,0 )
EndIf
If CAMERA2DEFROSTERMODE = "manual" AND
CAMERA2DEFROSTERMANCONTROL = "off" Then
TurnDefroster2On = false
EndIf
If CAMERA2DEFROSTERMODE = "manual" AND
CAMERA2DEFROSTERMANCONTROL = "on" Then
TurnDefroster2On = true
EndIf
If CAMERA2DEFROSTERMODE = "auto" AND MinIntoDay >
CAMERA2DEFROSTERONMID AND MinIntoDay < CAMERA2DEFROSTEROFFMID
Then
TurnDefroster2On = true
EndIf
If CAMERADEFROSTERMODE = "auto" AND MinIntoDay >
CAMERA2DEFROSTEROFFMID Then
TurnDefroster2On = false
EndIf
If CAMERA2DEFROSTERMODE = "auto" AND MinIntoDay <
CAMERA2DEFROSTERONMID Then
TurnDefroster2On = false
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
EndIf
'send string to turn On heat. An image will be triggered.
If TurnDefroster2On = true Then
'turn On camera
PortSet (6,1 )
'wait to let camera power up before sending string
Delay (1,1200,mSec)
TurnDefroster2Val = 1
' VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV Must have correct camera PakBus address here
VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV
' ComSDC8 is used to communicate through the MD485
SendVariables
(SendVarResult2,ComSDC8,0,522,0000,200,"Public","CC5MPXDefroster",TurnDefroster2Val,
1)
EndIf
CallTable QuarterHourlyWater
CallTable HourlyDiag
CallTable Hourly
CallTable HrlySubs
CallTable HrlyClimate
CallTable HourlyRaw
CallTable Daily
If IfTime (0,1440,Min) Then
DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = 0
DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = 0
EndIf
NextScan
EndProg
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FERC Project No. 14241
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-2. ESSFA128-1 Sheet 1 (Data Logger, Power, Radio, Multiplexer).
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FERC Project No. 14241
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-3. ESSFA128-1 Sheet 2, rev. 1 (Data Logger, Sensors).
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FERC Project No. 14241
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-4. ESSFA128-1 Sheet 3 (Multiplexer, Sensors).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-5. ESSFA128-1 Sheet 4 (Data Logger, Cameras).
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FERC Project No. 14241
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following program and wiring diagrams depict FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) station
ESMF104-2, representative of the meteorological (CSI CR1000) type station:
'CR1000 Series Datalogger
' Program name: ESMFA104-2_130904.cr1
'Modification Of: ESMFA104-2_130810.CR1
'Modified By: AMcHugh
'Date Modified: 08/10/13
'Modifications: Set WSpd2_ms = 0 if < 0.45
' Old mods:
'Modifications: Increase SM from 4 to 6. Changed temperature string depth names.
'Modifications: Fixed precip over count.
'Station Notes:
'
PakBus ID for Statino: 375
'INSERT PakBus ID HERE <==========
'
Station ID: 375
'INSERT Station ID HERE <==========
'
Time is set to AK Standard Time
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'''' INDIVIDUAL STATION INPUTS ''''
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'INSERT Station Name HERE:
StationName (ESMFA104-2)
'INSERT Station Name HERE
<=========================
'INSERT Station ID HERE:
Const ID = 375
'INSERT Station ID HERE
<==================================
'NR Lite2 s/n 134704 sens 13.9 uV/W/m2 1000(mV/uV)/13.9(uV/W/m2) = 71.942 W/m2 / mV
Const NR = 71.942
'NR Lite2 calibration constant HERE
<=======================
' HFP01-15 s/n 8364 sens 61.15 uV/W/m2 1000/61.15 = 16.353
Const SHF = 16.353
' Hukseflux HFP calibration constant HERE
<===============
'FIXED RESISTOR VALUE FOR GWS THERMISTOR CIRCUITS
Const Rf = 1.0
'FIXED RESISTOR 1 (kOHM) HERE
' For YSI thermistors -- conversion of kOHM to deg C
Const a = 0.0014654354
Const b = 0.0002386780
Const c = 0.0000001000
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
'DECLARE PUBLIC VARIABLES
PreserveVariables ' variables are maintained over reboot.
Public StationID ' Station ID number, USER INPUT
Public NR_CalCoef
Public SHF_CalCoef
Public BattVolts_V
Public LoggerTemp_C
Public DlyBatCrtIn_AHr, DlyBatCrtOut_AHr
Public LoadPwr_W, ChargePwr_W
Public CH200_M0(9) 'Array to hold all data from CH200
Public CH200_MX(4) ' Array to hold extended data from CH200
Alias CH200_MX(1) = BattTargV ' Battery charging target voltage
Alias CH200_MX(2) = DgtlPotSet ' Digital potentiometer setting
Alias CH200_MX(3) = BattCap ' Present battery capacity
Alias CH200_MX(4) = Qloss ' Battery charge deficit
' SDI-12 formatted battery capacity value
Public SDI12command As String
' Response from CH200. Retrns the address of the unit and "ok" if all went well
Public SDI12result As String
Public NEWBATTCAP ' the new battery capacticty if you need to change it.
Public AirTemp_C, RH, DewPoint_C, AirTemp_F
Public PT1Data(2) 'Water Level Sensor 1 - pressure, temperature
Public WaterHt1_cm, WaterHt1_ft
' Water level above the probe
Public SMAData(6),SMBData(6),SMCData(6),SMDData(6),SMEData(6),SMFData(6)
Public BaroPrNC_mB
Public Rain_mm
Public WSpd_ms, WDir, WSpd_mph
Public WSpd2_ms
Public WindChill_C, WindChill_F
Public VPdef_kPa, VPsat_kPa, VPact_kPa 'kPa
Public SolRad_W_m2
Public NetRad_mV, NetRad_W_m2, NetRadWindCorr_W_m2
Public SHF_W_m2, SHF_mV
Public Therm_kOhm(15), Temp_C(15)
Dim therm(15),D(15),i,j
Dim Initialized
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Dim TwoMinWind
Alias SMAData(1) = SM_A_VV
Alias SMAData(2) = SM_A_EC_dS_m
Alias SMAData(3) = SM_A_T_C
Alias SMAData(4) = SM_A_Perm
Alias SMAData(5) = SM_A_Per_uS
Alias SMAData(6) = SM_A_VR
Alias SMBData(1) = SM_B_VV
Alias SMBData(2) = SM_B_EC_dS_m
Alias SMBData(3) = SM_B_T_C
Alias SMBData(4) = SM_B_Perm
Alias SMBData(5) = SM_B_Per_uS
Alias SMBData(6) = SM_B_VR
Alias SMCData(1) = SM_C_VV
Alias SMCData(2) = SM_C_EC_dS_m
Alias SMCData(3) = SM_C_T_C
Alias SMCData(4) = SM_C_Perm
Alias SMCData(5) = SM_C_Per_uS
Alias SMCData(6) = SM_C_VR
Alias SMDData(1) = SM_D_VV
Alias SMDData(2) = SM_D_EC_dS_m
Alias SMDData(3) = SM_D_T_C
Alias SMDData(4) = SM_D_Perm
Alias SMDData(5) = SM_D_Per_uS
Alias SMDData(6) = SM_D_VR
Alias SMEData(1) = SM_E_VV
Alias SMEData(2) = SM_E_EC_dS_m
Alias SMEData(3) = SM_E_T_C
Alias SMEData(4) = SM_E_Perm
Alias SMEData(5) = SM_E_Per_uS
Alias SMEData(6) = SM_E_VR
Alias SMFData(1) = SM_F_VV
Alias SMFData(2) = SM_F_EC_dS_m
Alias SMFData(3) = SM_F_T_C
Alias SMFData(4) = SM_F_Perm
Alias SMFData(5) = SM_F_Per_uS
Alias SMFData(6) = SM_F_VR
Alias PT1Data(1) = WaterHt1_psi
Alias PT1Data(2) = WaterT1_C
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Alias CH200_M0(1)=CH200BattVolts_V
'Battery voltage: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(2)=BattCrnt_A
'Current going into, or out of, the battery: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(3)=LoadCrnt_A
'Current going to the load: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(4)=SolarPanel_V
'Voltage coming into the charger: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(5)=SolarPanel_A
'Current coming into the charger: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(6)=Chgr_Tmp_C
'Charger temperature: Celsius
Alias CH200_M0(7)=Chgr_State
'Charging state: 2=Cycle, 3=Float, 1=Current Limited, or
0=None
Alias CH200_M0(8)=Chgr_Source
'Charging source: 0=None, 1=Solar, or 2=AC
Alias CH200_M0(9)=Ck_Batt
'Check battery error: 0=normal, 1=check battery
Alias Temp_C(1) = AirT_YSI1_C
Alias Temp_C(2) = AirT_YSI2_C
Alias Temp_C(3) = AirT_YSI3_C
Alias Temp_C(4) = SoilT_5cm_C
Alias Temp_C(5) = SoilT_10cm_C
Alias Temp_C(6) = SoilT_15cm_C
Alias Temp_C(7) = SoilT_20cm_C
Alias Temp_C(8) = SoilT_30cm_C
Alias Temp_C(9) = SoilT_40cm_C
Alias Temp_C(10) = SoilT_50cm_C
Alias Temp_C(11) = SoilT_60cm_C
Alias Temp_C(12) = SoilT_80cm_C
Alias Temp_C(13) = SoilT_100cm_C
Alias Temp_C(14) = SoilT_120cm_C
Alias Temp_C(15) = SoilT_150cm_C
'Hourly Diagonostics Table
DataTable (HourlyDiag,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
'BATTERY VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,BattVolts_V,FP2)
Average (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,False)
'BATTERY CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False,False)
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FERC Project No. 14241
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'LOAD CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False,False)
'SOLAR PANEL VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False,False)
'SOLAR PANEL CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False,False)
Average (1,LoggerTemp_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,CH200_M0(6),FP2,False)
'Logger Temperature (deg C)
'Charge Regulator Temperature (deg C)
Sample (1,NEWBATTCAP,FP2)
Sample (1,BattCap,FP2)
Sample (1,DlyBatCrtIn_AHr,FP2)
Sample (1,DlyBatCrtOut_AHr,FP2)
Average (1,ChargePwr_W,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,ChargePwr_W,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,ChargePwr_W,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,LoadPwr_W,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,LoadPwr_W,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,LoadPwr_W,FP2,False,False)
' Charger state
Sample (1,CH200_M0(7),FP2)
EndTable
'Hourly Meteorological Measurements Table
DataTable (Hourly,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2)
Average (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False)
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FERC Project No. 14241
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Maximum (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,AirTemp_C,FP2)
Average (1,AirTemp_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,AirTemp_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,AirTemp_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,RH,FP2)
Average (1,RH,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,RH,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,RH,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,DewPoint_C,FP2)
Average (1,DewPoint_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,DewPoint_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,DewPoint_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,VPact_kPa,FP2)
Average (1,VPact_kPa,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,VPact_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,VPact_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,VPsat_kPa,FP2)
Average (1,VPsat_kPa,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,VPsat_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,VPsat_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,VPdef_kPa,FP2)
Average (1,VPdef_kPa,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,VPdef_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,VPdef_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WSpd_ms,FP2)
Sample (1,WDir,FP2)
WindVector (1,WSpd_ms,WDir,FP2,False,0,0,0)
Maximum (1,WSpd_ms,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2)
Average (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WindChill_C,FP2)
Average (1,WindChill_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WindChill_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WindChill_C,FP2,False,False)
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FERC Project No. 14241
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Sample (1,SolRad_W_m2,FP2)
Average (1,SolRad_W_m2,FP2,False)
Sample (1,NetRad_W_m2,FP2)
Average (1,NetRad_W_m2,FP2,False)
Sample (1,NetRadWindCorr_W_m2,FP2)
Average (1,NetRadWindCorr_W_m2,FP2,False)
Totalize (1,Rain_mm,FP2,False)
Sample (1,BaroPrNC_mB,FP2)
EndTable
'15-Min Meteorological Measurements Table
DataTable (QuarterHrlyMet,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,15,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2)
Average (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,AirTemp_C,FP2)
Average (1,AirTemp_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,AirTemp_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,AirTemp_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,RH,FP2)
Average (1,RH,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,RH,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,RH,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,DewPoint_C,FP2)
Average (1,DewPoint_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,DewPoint_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,DewPoint_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,VPact_kPa,FP2)
Average (1,VPact_kPa,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,VPact_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,VPact_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,VPsat_kPa,FP2)
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Average (1,VPsat_kPa,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,VPsat_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,VPsat_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,VPdef_kPa,FP2)
Average (1,VPdef_kPa,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,VPdef_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,VPdef_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WSpd_ms,FP2)
Sample (1,WDir,FP2)
WindVector (1,WSpd_ms,WDir,FP2,False,0,0,0)
Maximum (1,WSpd_ms,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2)
Average (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WindChill_C,FP2)
Average (1,WindChill_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WindChill_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WindChill_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,SolRad_W_m2,FP2)
Average (1,SolRad_W_m2,FP2,False)
Sample (1,NetRad_W_m2,FP2)
Average (1,NetRad_W_m2,FP2,False)
Sample (1,NetRadWindCorr_W_m2,FP2)
Average (1,NetRadWindCorr_W_m2,FP2,False)
Totalize (1,Rain_mm,FP2,False)
Sample (1,BaroPrNC_mB,FP2)
EndTable
'2-min Wind Table
DataTable (TwoMinWd,1,1440)
DataInterval (0,2,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
WindVector (1,WSpd_ms,WDir,FP2,False,0,0,0)
Maximum (1,WSpd_ms,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2,False)
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FERC Project No. 14241
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Maximum (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2,False,False)
EndTable
'15-minute Water Ttable
DataTable (QuarterHourlyWater,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,15,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterT1_C,FP2)
Average (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
EndTable
' Hourly Raw Table
DataTable (HourlyRaw,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,NR_CalCoef,FP2)
Sample (1,SHF_CalCoef,FP2)
Sample (15,Therm_kOhm(),FP2)
Average (15,Therm_kOhm(),FP2,False)
Sample (6,SM_A_Per_uS,FP2)
Average (6,SM_A_Per_uS,FP2,False)
Sample (1,SHF_mV,FP2)
Average (1,SHF_mV,FP2,False)
EndTable
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
'Daily Output Table
DataTable (Daily,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,1440,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Average (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,AirTemp_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,AirTemp_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,AirTemp_C,,FP2,False,False)
Maximum (1,RH,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,RH,FP2,False,False)
Maximum (1,DewPoint_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,DewPoint_C,,FP2,False,False)
Maximum (1,VPact_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,VPact_kPa,,FP2,False,False)
Maximum (1,VPsat_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,VPsat_kPa,,FP2,False,False)
Maximum (1,VPdef_kPa,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,VPdef_kPa,,FP2,False,False)
WindVector (1,WSpd_ms,WDir,FP2,False,0,0,0)
Maximum (1,WSpd_ms,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2,False,False)
Maximum (1,WindChill_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WindChill_C,,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,SolRad_W_m2,FP2,False)
Average (1,NetRad_W_m2,FP2,False)
Average (1,NetRadWindCorr_W_m2,FP2,False)
Totalize (1,Rain_mm,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_A_VV,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_B_VV,FP2,False)
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FERC Project No. 14241
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Average (1,SM_C_VV,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_D_VV,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_E_VV,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_F_VV,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_A_T_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_B_T_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_C_T_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_D_T_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_E_T_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_F_T_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_A_EC_dS_m,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_B_EC_dS_m,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_C_EC_dS_m,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_D_EC_dS_m,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_E_EC_dS_m,FP2,False)
Average (1,SM_F_EC_dS_m,FP2,False)
Average (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,SHF_W_m2,FP2,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
EndTable
'Hourly Climate Table (for Current Conditions Table on Web)
' Size limited to 96 data values or 4 days worth.
DataTable (HrlyClimate,1,96)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Sample (3,AirT_YSI1_C,FP2)
Sample (1,AirTemp_C,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterT1_C,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2)
Sample (1,RH,FP2)
Sample (1,DewPoint_C,FP2)
Sample (1,WSpd_ms,FP2)
Sample (1,WDir,FP2)
Sample (1,WSpd2_ms,FP2)
Sample (1,WindChill_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SolRad_W_m2,FP2)
Sample (1,NetRad_W_m2,FP2)
Sample (1,NetRadWindCorr_W_m2,FP2)
Totalize (1,Rain_mm,FP2,False)
Sample (1,SM_A_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_B_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_C_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_D_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_E_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_F_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_A_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_B_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_C_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_D_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_E_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_F_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_A_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_B_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_C_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_D_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_E_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_F_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SHF_W_m2,FP2)
Sample (1,BaroPrNC_mB,FP2)
EndTable
'Hourly Sub Surface Table
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FERC Project No. 14241
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
DataTable (HourlySubs,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,SM_A_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_B_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_C_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_D_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_E_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_F_VV,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_A_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_B_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_C_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_D_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_E_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_F_T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_A_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_B_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_C_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_D_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_E_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (1,SM_F_EC_dS_m,FP2)
Sample (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2)
Average (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2,False)
Sample (1,SHF_W_m2,FP2)
EndTable
''''''''''''''''''''''
'''' MAIN PROGRAM ''''
''''''''''''''''''''''
'SCAN (EXECUTE) PROGRAM AT 5-SEC INTERVALS
BeginProg
'Three-second scan interval
Scan (3,Sec,0,0)
''''' Set Station ID '''''
StationID = ID
NR_CalCoef = NR
SHF_CalCoef = SHF
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
' initialize the default (power up) conditions
If Initialized = 0 Then
Initialized = 1
NEWBATTCAP = 12 ' 100AHr is max capacity the CH200 will accept
EndIf
''''' READ RM YOUNG 05106 WIND MONITOR '''''
PulseCount (WSpd_ms,1,1,1,1,.098,0)
'Wind Speed (m/s)
BrHalf(WDir,1,mV2500,8,Vx3,1,2500,true,200,250,355,0)
'Wind Direction (deg)
''''''' Read 014A Wind Speed sensor in m/s ''''''''''
' M = 0.800 for m/s; O = 0.447
PulseCount (WSpd2_ms,1,2,2,1,0.800,0.447)
If WSpd2_ms < 0.45 Then
WSpd2_ms =0
EndIf
''''''''' Measure TE525MM Precip Gage in mm to C4, Other lead to 5V.
PulseCount (Rain_mm,1,14,2,0,0.1,0)
'Begin 60-sec Loop
If IfTime (0,60,Sec) Then
''''''''''''' MEASURE DATALOGGER WIRING PANEL TEMPERATURE (deg C)
PanelTemp (LoggerTemp_C,250)
''''''''''''' MEASURE DATALOGGER BATTERY VOLTS (V)
Battery (BattVolts_V)
' Feature to enter specific battery capacity as a Public value and send to charger(s)
'Get additional values from CH200
SDI12Recorder (CH200_MX(),1,0,"M6!",1.0,0)
'If the present battery capacity isnot the same as the new battery capacity, send the new one.
If BattCap <> NEWBATTCAP Then
SDI12command = "XC" & FormatFloat (NEWBATTCAP, "%4.1f") & "!"
SDI12Recorder (SDI12result,1,0,SDI12command,1.0,0)
EndIf
''''''''''''''' CH200 CHARGE REGULATOR MEASUREMENTS
SDI12Recorder (CH200_M0(),1,0,"MC!",1.0,0)
' Compute running Power and daily running total AmpHours/Day values for each current
measurement.
LoadPwr_W = CH200BattVolts_V * LoadCrnt_A
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ChargePwr_W = SolarPanel_V *SolarPanel_A
' Divide each 1 minute Amp sample by 1440 sample/day so that the total at the end of the day
is to get avg current for the day
' then muliply be 24 Hr/day to get AHr/Day. or divide by 60 because 24/1440 = 1/60
' Separate and sum each the positive and negative currents into and out of the battery to get
the total AHr in/out for the day.
' Sample hourly and daily, then zero at end of the day.
If BattCrnt_A > 0 Then DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = DlyBatCrtIn_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
If BattCrnt_A < 0 Then DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = DlyBatCrtOut_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
''''''''''' READ INW or CSI SDI-12 Pressure Transducer
SDI12Recorder (PT1Data(),5,1,"M!",1.0,0)
' convert water heights in psi to cm (70.307 cm/psi)
WaterHt1_cm = WaterHt1_psi * 70.307
'Convert Water Height in cm to ft. (0.0328 ft/cm)
WaterHt1_ft = WaterHt1_cm * 0.0328
'''''''''' Read 4 CS650 Soil Moisuture probes.
SDI12Recorder (SMAData(),5,"A","M3!",1.0,0)
SDI12Recorder (SMBData(),5,"B","M3!",1.0,0)
SDI12Recorder (SMCData(),5,"C","M3!",1.0,0)
SDI12Recorder (SMDData(),5,"D","M3!",1.0,0)
SDI12Recorder (SMEData(),5,"E","M3!",1.0,0)
SDI12Recorder (SMFData(),5,"F","M3!",1.0,0)
'''''''''''' Measure Net Radiation NR Lite in W/m2
VoltDiff(NetRad_mV,1,mv25,5,True,0,_60Hz,1,0)
NetRad_W_m2 = NetRad_mV * NR_CalCoef
' Correct for wind if more than 5 m/s
If WSpd_ms >=5 Then
NetRadWindCorr_W_m2 = NetRad_W_m2 *(1+0.021286*(WSpd_ms-5))
Else
NetRadWindCorr_W_m2 = NetRad_W_m2
EndIf
''''''''''''' Measure Hukseflux Heat Flux Plate
VoltDiff (SHF_mV,1,mV7_5,6,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
SHF_W_m2 = SHF_mV * SHF_CalCoef
'''''''' READ HC2S3 AIR TEMPERATURE/RELATIVE HUMIDITY SENSOR
' HC2S3 Air T/RH sensor ON always to 12V.
'Read Air Temperature Sensor; Single-End Measurement
VoltSe (AirTemp_C,1,mV2500,4,0,0,_60Hz,0.1,-40)
'Read Relative Humidity Sensor; Single-End Measurement
VoltSe (RH,1,mV2500,7,0,0,_60Hz,0.1,0)
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
'Correction for sensor inaccuracy when RH near 100%
If RH>100 AND RH<103 Then RH=100
'Calculate Dew Point from Measured Air Temperature and Relative Humidity
DewPoint (DewPoint_C,AirTemp_C,RH)
'''''''''' Calculate Wind Chill ''''''''''
'From page 180 of the 2006 Alaska Safety Handbook (BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc.,
ConocoPhillips Alaska)
'Wind Chill (°F) = 35.74 + 0.6215T - 35.75 (V^0.16 ) + 0.4275T(V^0.16 )
' Where, T=Air Temperature (°F) V=Wind Speed (mph)
'Air temperaute is measured every execution interval wind chill is computed every exection
interval with the current wind speed and previous
' the equation only applies if ws is >= 3 mph and air temp is <= 50 F then apply the equation,
other wise WindChill temp remains Air Temp.
AirTemp_F = AirTemp_C * (9/5) + 32
WSpd_mph = WSpd_ms * 2.2369363
' set wind chill temp to air temp
WindChill_F = AirTemp_F
WindChill_F = 35.74 + 0.6215 * AirTemp_F - 35.75 * (WSpd_mph^0.16) + 0.4275 *
AirTemp_F * (WSpd_mph^0.16)
WindChill_C = (WindChill_F - 32) * 5/9 'Added 05/08/08 RFP
If WSpd_mph < 3 OR AirTemp_F > 50 Then WindChill_F = AirTemp_F
If WSpd_mph < 3 OR AirTemp_F > 50 Then WindChill_C = AirTemp_C
''''''''' Read Solar Radiation - LI200X Pyranometer; Output units are W/m2
VoltDiff (SolRad_W_m2,1,mV7_5,3,True ,0,_60Hz,200,0)
''''''''''''' Compute Saturated, Actual and Deficit Vapor Pressure
SatVP (VPsat_kPa,AirTemp_C)
VaporPressure (VPact_kPa,AirTemp_C,RH)
VPdef_kPa = VPsat_kPa - VPact_kPa
'***************************************************************************
'' READ AM16/32 #1 MULTIPLEXER
Every 1 minute
''
'***************************************************************************
PortSet (2,1 )
'TURN ON AM16/32 #1 MULTIPLEXER, SET PORT 2 HIGH
i=1
'INITIALIZE INDEX INTERGER I TO ONE
'READ 36 GWS THERMISTORS
SubScan (0,Sec,5)
'SCAN LOOP -- 5 ITERATIONS
PulsePort (3,10000) 'ADVANCE AM16/32 #1 GROUP BY 1, PULSE PORT 3
'MEASURE GWS THERMISTORS, (Voltage Ratio X = Rs/(Rs+Rf))
BrHalf (therm(i),1,mV2500,1,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
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i=i+1
BrHalf (therm(i),1,mV2500,2,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
i=i+1
BrHalf (therm(i),1,mV2500,3,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
i=i+1
NextSubScan
PortSet (2,0)
'TURN OFF AM16/32 #1 MULTIPLEXER, SET PORT 2 LOW
'CONVERT MEASURED VOLTAGE RATIO TO RESISTANCE (kOHM) FOR 36 GWS
THERMISTORS
For i=1 To 15
Therm_kOhm(i) = Rf*therm(i)/(1-therm(i))
Next i
'CONVERT GWS THERMISTOR RESISTANCE TO deg C FOR 36 GWS
THERMISTORS
For i=1 To 15
D(i) = LN (1000*Therm_kOhm(i))
'ln resistance (ohm)
Temp_C(i) = (1/(a + b*D(i) + c*(D(i))^3)) - 273.15 'Steinhart & Hart Equation
Next i
''''''''''' CS100 barometric pressure sensor wired ON with a jumper on the sensor between
Supply and
'''''''''' Read CS100 Barometric Pressure Sensor; Output in mb Uncorrected for elevation
'' range 600 to 1100mb = 0 to 1 vdc; M = 0.2, 0 = 600mbar
VoltSe (BaroPrNC_mB,1,mV2500,16,1,0,_60Hz,0.2,600)
EndIf 'End of 60-seccond scan loop
CallTable HourlyDiag
CallTable Hourly
CallTable QuarterHrlyMet
CallTable TwoMinWd
CallTable QuarterHourlyWater
CallTable HourlyRaw
CallTable Daily
CallTable HrlyClimate
CallTable HourlySubs
If IfTime (0,1440,Min) Then
DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = 0
DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = 0
EndIf
NextScan
EndProg
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-6. ESMFA104-2 Sheet 1 (Data Logger, Power, Radio, Multiplexer).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-7. ESMFA104-2 Sheet 2 (Data Logger, Met Sensors).
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FERC Project No. 14241
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-8. ESMFA104-2 Sheet 3 (Soil Sensors).
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
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Figure C-9. ESMFA104-2 Sheet 4 (CS Water Sensors).
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Figure C-10. ESMFA104-2 Sheet 4alt (INW Water Sensors).
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FERC Project No. 14241
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
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Figure C-11. ESMFA104-2 Sheet 5 (Multiplexer, Sensors).
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February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following program and wiring diagrams depict FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) station
ESMFA104-3, representative of the groundwater (CSI CR200X) type station:
'CR200 Series Datalogger
'Modification Of:
'Modified by:
'Date Modified:
'Modifications:
'
PakBus ID for Station: 395
'INSERT PakBus ID HERE <===========
'
Station ID: 395
'INSERT Station ID HERE <==========
'
Time is set to AK Standard Time
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'''' INDIVIDUAL STATION INPUTS ''''
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'INSERT Station ID HERE:
Const ID = 395
'INSERT Station ID HERE <==========================
'CONTROL PORTS
' C1 SDI-12 Buss: CH200 - Charging Regulator; PTs
' C2
Public StationID ' Station ID number, USER INPUT
Public BattVolts_V
Public DlyBatCrtIn_AHr, DlyBatCrtOut_AHr
Public LoadPwr_W, ChargePwr_W
Public CS450Data1(2)
Public CS450Data2(2)
Public CS450Data3(2)
'Water Level Sensor 1 - pressure, temperature
'Water Level Sensor 2 - pressure, temperature
'Water Level Sensor 3 - pressure, temperature
Public WaterHt1_cm, WaterHt1_ft, WaterHt2_cm, WaterHt2_ft, WaterHt3_cm, WaterHt3_ft
' Water level above the probe
Public CH200_MX(4) ' Array to hold extended data from CH200
Alias CH200_MX(1) = BattTargV ' Battery charging target voltage
Alias CH200_MX(2) = DgtlPotSet ' Digital potentiometer setting
Alias CH200_MX(3) = BattCap ' Present battery capacity
Alias CH200_MX(4) = Qloss ' Battery charge deficit
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Public CH200_M0(9) 'Array to hold all data from CH200 charge controller
Alias CS450Data1(1) = WaterHt1_psi
Alias CS450Data1(2) = WaterT1_C
Alias CS450Data2(1) = WaterHt2_psi
Alias CS450Data2(2) = WaterT2_C
Alias CS450Data3(1) = WaterHt3_psi
Alias CS450Data3(2) = WaterT3_C
Alias CH200_M0(1)=CH200BattVolts_V
'Battery voltage: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(2)=BattCrnt_A
'Current going into, or out of, the battery: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(3)=LoadCrnt_A
'Current going to the load: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(4)=SolarPanel_V
'Voltage coming into the charger: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(5)=SolarPanel_A
'Current coming into the charger: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(6)=Chgr_Tmp_C
'Charger temperature: Celsius
Alias CH200_M0(7)=Chgr_State
'Charging state: 2=Cycle, 3=Float, 1=Current Limited, or
0=None
Alias CH200_M0(8)=Chgr_Source
'Charging source: 0=None, 1=Solar, or 2=AC
Alias CH200_M0(9)=Ck_Batt
'Check battery error: 0=normal, 1=check battery
Dim Initialized
DataTable (QuarterHrWater,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,15,min)
Sample (1,StationID)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft)
Average (1,WaterHt1_ft,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_ft)
Average (1,WaterHt2_ft,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt3_ft)
Average (1,WaterHt3_ft,False)
Sample (1,WaterT1_C)
Sample (1,WaterT2_C)
Sample (1,WaterT3_C)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_psi)
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Average (1,WaterHt1_psi,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_psi)
Average (1,WaterHt2_psi,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt3_psi)
Average (1,WaterHt3_psi,False)
EndTable
'Hourly Diagonostics Table
DataTable (HourlyDiag,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min)
Sample (1,StationID)
'BATTERY VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,BattVolts_V)
Average (1,BattVolts_V,False)
'BATTERY CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(2))
Average (1,CH200_M0(2),False)
'LOAD CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(3))
Average (1,CH200_M0(3),False)
'SOLAR PANEL VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(4))
Average (1,CH200_M0(4),False)
'SOLAR PANEL CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(5))
Average (1,CH200_M0(5),False)
'Charge Regulator Temperature (deg C)
Average (1,CH200_M0(6),False)
Sample (1,BattCap)
Average (1,ChargePwr_W,False)
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EndTable
'Hourly Climate Table (for Current Conditions Table on Web)
DataTable (HrlyClimate,1,96)
DataInterval (0,60,Min)
Sample (1,StationID)
Sample (1,WaterT1_C)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft)
Sample (1,WaterT2_C)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_ft)
Sample (1,WaterT3_C)
Sample (1,WaterHt3_ft)
EndTable
'Daily Output Table
DataTable (Daily,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,1440,Min)
Sample (1,StationID)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_ft,False,0)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_ft,False,0)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_ft,False,0)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_ft,False,0)
Maximum (1,WaterHt3_ft,False,0)
Minimum (1,WaterHt3_ft,False,0)
Maximum (1,WaterT1_C,False,0)
Minimum (1,WaterT1_C,False,0)
Maximum (1,WaterT2_C,False,0)
Minimum (1,WaterT2_C,False,0)
Maximum (1,WaterT3_C,False,0)
Minimum (1,WaterT3_C,False,0)
EndTable
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'Main Program
BeginProg
Scan (60,Sec)
''''' Set Station ID '''''
StationID = ID
' Meassure Battery Voltage (V)
Battery (BattVolts_V)
'CH200 CHARGE REGULATOR MEASUREMENTS
' Connected to Control Port 1
' We will use the defalut address of 0.
SDI12Recorder (CH200_M0(),"0M!",1.0,0)
'Get additional values from CH200
SDI12Recorder (CH200_MX(),"M6!",1.0,0)
' Compute running Power and daily running total AmpHours/Day values for each current
measurement.
LoadPwr_W = CH200BattVolts_V * LoadCrnt_A
ChargePwr_W = SolarPanel_V *SolarPanel_A
' Divide each 1 minute Amp sample by 1440 sample/day so that the total at the end of the day
is to get avg current for the day
' then muliply be 24 Hr/day to get AHr/Day. or divide by 60 because 24/1440 = 1/60
' Separate and sum each the positive and negative currents into and out of the battery to get the
total AHr in/out for the day.
' Sample hourly and daily, then zero at end of the day.
If BattCrnt_A > 0 Then DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = DlyBatCrtIn_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
If BattCrnt_A < 0 Then DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = DlyBatCrtOut_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'' READ CSI SDI-12 CS450 water level/temp ''
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
' There are up to three CSI CS451 or INW PT12 SDI-12 vented water level pressure
transducers.
' Each sensor is connected to Control Port 1
' Each sensor has a unique SDI-12 address 1,2 and 3.
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SDI12Recorder (CS450Data1(),"1M!",1.0,0)
SDI12Recorder (CS450Data2(),"2M!",1.0,0)
SDI12Recorder (CS450Data3(),"3M!",1.0,0)
' convert water heights in psi to cm (70.307 cm/psi)
WaterHt1_cm = WaterHt1_psi * 70.307
WaterHt2_cm = WaterHt2_psi * 70.307
WaterHt3_cm = WaterHt3_psi * 70.307
'Convert Water Height in cm to ft. (0.0328 ft/cm)
WaterHt1_ft = WaterHt1_cm * 0.0328
WaterHt2_ft = WaterHt2_cm * 0.0328
WaterHt3_ft = WaterHt3_cm * 0.0328
CallTable QuarterHrWater
CallTable HourlyDiag
CallTable HrlyClimate
CallTable Daily
If IfTime (0,1440,Min) Then
DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = 0
DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = 0
EndIf
NextScan
EndProg
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Figure C-12. ESGFA104-3 Sheet 1 (Data Logger, Power, Radio).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix C – Page 52
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-13. ESGFA104-3 Sheet 2 Mix (Data Logger, INW/CSI Sensors).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix C – Page 53
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following program and wiring diagrams depict FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) station
ESGFA104-4, representative of the groundwater (CR1000, sap flow sensors) data type
station:
'CR1000 Series Datalogger
' Well Monitoring with Sap Flow
' Sensor count (22) TDP30s / (10) TDP50s
' Program Name ESGFA104-4_20131108.cr1
'Modification Of: ESGFA104-4_130725.cr1
'Modified By: R Paetzold
'Date Modified: 8Nov2013
'Modifications: Added Sap Flow Heater control commands to turn power ON/OFF
'
The heater is initially ON; To turn OFF, find SapHtrControlMode
'
and add to a Numeric Display, right click, select View/Modify Value and change ON
to OFF.
'
To turn heater ON, find SapHtrControlMode & add to a Numeric Display, right click,
'
select View/Modify Value and change OFF to ON.
'
Default mode is heater ON.
'Modification Of: ESGFA104-4.CR1
'Modified By: AMcHugh
'Date Modified: 16July2013
'Modifications: Added CH200 code
'Modification Of: 'FLGS-TDP.CR1
Release Program Version 2.1
'Modified By: AMcHugh
'Date Modified: 30June2013
'Modifications: Added PT stuff from ESGFA115-5_130627.cr1, changed to GWS Public
' variable names if needed.
'Dynamax Inc
'10808 Fallstone Rd, Ste 350, Houston, TX 77099
'Phone: 281-564-5100
'Fax: 281-564-5200
'www.Dynamax.com
'Program: FLGS - TDP using CR1000
'Program author: Sai Gonuguntla, Dynamax, Inc
'//////////////////////////// CONSTANTS ////////////////////////////////////////
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
'INSERT Station Name HERE:
StationName (ESGFA104-4)
'INSERT Station Name HERE
<=========================
'INSERT Station ID HERE:
Const ID = 396
'INSERT Station ID HERE
<==================================
'/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
'
BEGIN: User constants
'
User can change the following constants only
'/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Const INT_SCAN = 60
' Scan every seconds
Const INT_AVG = 60
' Average every minutes average and LOG interval are same
Const NUM_TDP = 32
' Number of TDP sensors
Const NUM_TC = 32
' Number of Thermocouples/ measurement points among all the
TDP sensors
' A TDP10/30/50 each has 1, a TDP80 sensor has 2 & a TDP100 sensor has 3 thermocouples/
measurement points
' So total number of Thermocouples(NUM_TC) must be determined depending on the number
and type of sensors in use
' For example a system with 4 TDP30 sensors and 2 TDP80 sensors and 2 TDP100 sensors
' will have in all 14 thermocuples/ measurement points ' i.e. NUM_TC = 14
Const DTMIN = 0.2
' Minimum differential below which the measurement from sensor
is ignored
Const WARMUP_MIN = 60
' Warmup time in min before the measurements are
considered valid
Const FIELDINDEX = 1.0 ' This is the index value either Area INdex/ LAI used to scale plant
sapflow to field
Const FLAG_INDEX_EN=0
' Enable scaling of sapflow to the field
Const FLAG_VOTE_EN=0
' Enable voting algorithm
Const PS_ENABLE = 0
' Enable power save at night ' Note power save is
not performed on a day when auto zero is done
Const PS_START=1260
' Power save start (Heater off) min-since mid night
' time at which to start the power save, 1260 corresponds to 21:00 hours or 9:00 PM
Const PS_STOP=300
' Power save end (Heater on) hour-since mid night
'
time at which to stop power save mode and turn heaters ON, 300 corresponds to 5AM
Const ZERO_ENABLE=1
Const ZERO_STARTHOUR=1
'
algorithm, must 1:00 am or more
Const ZERO_STOPHOUR=3
zero and compute new zero (dTM) value.
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' Enable auto calibration/ auto sero
Top of the Hour at which to start auto zero
' Top of the Hour at which to stop performing auto
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Const ZERO_DAYINT=1
' Number of days between successive auto-zero
'/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
'
END User modified constants
'/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Const TIMER_START=0
Const TIMER_STOP=1
Const TIMER_RSTnSTART=2
Const TIMER_STOPnRST=3
Const TIMER_READONLY=4
' FLGS TC-Status
Const TCSTAT_OFF
=
Const TCSTAT_OKV
Const TCSTAT_OKN
used for consistensy with numbers
Const TCSTAT_WARM
Const TCSTAT_FAULT
=
Const TCSTAT_MERR
Const TCSTAT_ZERO
Const TCSTAT_MAX
Const TCSTAT_REV
=
' FLGS TDP-Status
Const TDPSTAT_OFF
Const TDPSTAT_OKV
Const TDPSTAT_OKN
Const TDPSTAT_WARM
Const TDPSTAT_FAULT
Const TDPSTAT_MERR
Const TDPSTAT_ZERO
Const TDPSTAT_MAX
Const TDPSTAT_NALL
Const TDPSTAT_ERRCH
=
=
=
=
'
'
'
0
=
=
1
2
=
4
=
=
=
8
3
=
=
=
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
0
1
2
'
'
2
3
4
0
Start
1
Stop
Reset and start
Stop and reset
Read only
' This status is not applicable but
5
6
7
7
8
9
'IDs for sensor 5and sensor TCs
Const TDP10 = 10.0
Const TDP30 = 30.0
Const TDP50 = 50.0
Const TDP80 = 80.0
Const TDP80A
= 80.0
Const TDP80B
= 80.1
Const TDP100= 100.0
Const TDP100A
= 100.0
Const TDP100B
= 100.1
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Const TDP100C
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
= 100.2
'Declare Variables and Units
' System constants
Const MAX_TDP = 32
' maximum num of thermocouple channels
Const MAX_TC = 32
' maximum num of thermocouple channels
' Heater constants
Const TIMERNO_WARMUP=1
Const NUM_HTR=4
'Number of heater voltages
Const HTROFF_VOLT=0.5
'Heater voltage less than this
is OFF
' Calculation constants
Const MV_TO_DT_MULT=25.0
'Multiplier mV to dT conversion
Const MV_TO_DT_OFFSET=0.0
'Offset mV to dT conversion
' Public Variables
PreserveVariables ' variables are maintained over reboot.
Public StationID ' Station ID number, USER INPUT
Public BattVolts_V
Public LoggerTemp_C
Public SapHtrControlMode As String * 2 'ON' or 'OFF'
Public SapHtrControlStatus
Public DlyBatCrtIn_AHr, DlyBatCrtOut_AHr
Public LoadPwr_W, ChargePwr_W
Public CH200_M0(9) 'Array to hold all data from CH200
Public CH200_MX(4) ' Array to hold extended data from CH200
Alias CH200_MX(1) = BattTargV ' Battery charging target voltage
Alias CH200_MX(2) = DgtlPotSet ' Digital potentiometer setting
Alias CH200_MX(3) = BattCap ' Present battery capacity
Alias CH200_MX(4) = Qloss ' Battery charge deficit
' SDI-12 formatted battery capacity value
Public SDI12command As String
' Response from CH200. Retrns the address of the unit and "ok" if all went well
Public SDI12result As String
Public NEWBATTCAP ' the new battery capacticty if you need to change it.
Public PT1Data(2) 'Water Level Sensor 1 - pressure, temperature
Public WaterHt1_cm, WaterHt1_ft
' Water level above the probe
Alias PT1Data(1) = WaterHt1_psi
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Alias PT1Data(2) = WaterT1_C
Alias CH200_M0(1)=CH200BattVolts_V
'Battery voltage: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(2)=BattCrnt_A
'Current going into, or out of, the battery: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(3)=LoadCrnt_A
'Current going to the load: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(4)=SolarPanel_V
'Voltage coming into the charger: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(5)=SolarPanel_A
'Current coming into the charger: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(6)=Chgr_Tmp_C
'Charger temperature: Celsius
Alias CH200_M0(7)=Chgr_State
'Charging state: 2=Cycle, 3=Float, 1=Current Limited, or
0=None
Alias CH200_M0(8)=Chgr_Source
'Charging source: 0=None, 1=Solar, or 2=AC
Alias CH200_M0(9)=Ck_Batt
'/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Public InputTDP001 As String * 200
Public InputTDP002 As String * 200
Public InputTDP003 As String * 200
Public InputTDP004 As String * 200
Public InputTDP005 As String * 200
Public InputTDP006 As String * 200
Public InputTDP007 As String * 200
Public InputTDP008 As String * 200
Public InputTDP009 As String * 200
Public InputTDP010 As String * 200
Public InputTDP011 As String * 200
Public InputTDP012 As String * 200
Public InputTDP013 As String * 200
Public InputTDP014 As String * 200
Public InputTDP015 As String * 200
Public InputTDP016 As String * 200
Public InputTDP017 As String * 200
Public InputTDP018 As String * 200
Public InputTDP019 As String * 200
Public InputTDP020 As String * 200
Public InputTDP021 As String * 200
Public InputTDP022 As String * 200
Public InputTDP023 As String * 200
Public InputTDP024 As String * 200
Public InputTDP025 As String * 200
Public InputTDP026 As String * 200
Public InputTDP027 As String * 200
Public InputTDP028 As String * 200
Public InputTDP029 As String * 200
Public InputTDP030 As String * 200
Public InputTDP031 As String * 200
Public InputTDP032 As String * 200
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Public readstring As String * 200
Public ArrayTemp(10)
'////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Public RealTimeArray(9)
Public RealTimeSec
Public RealTimeMin
Public RealTimeHour
Public Count_Day
Public JDAY
Public JHM
Public HtrV(4)
Public Htr_ON_Time
Public Flag_HtrOff
'New set of variables
Public iTC ', NUM_TC
Public TC_Sno(32)
Public TC_Stype(32)
Public TC_dTC(32)
Public TC_dTCa(32)
Public TC_dTM(32)
Public TC_SArea(32)
Public TC_Flow(32)
Public TC_Vel(32)
Public TC_Status(32)
' Velocity in cm/h , MVB- 11-18-08
Public iTDP 'NUM_TDP,
Public TDP_SType(32)
Public TDP_nCH(32)
Public TDP_IArea(32)
Public TDP_Flow(32)
Public TDP_Status(32)
Public TDP_FlowIx(32)
Public Flow_AvgIx
Public Count_OKV
Public nVoteout
Public Count_OKN
Public MaxDiff(32)
Public MaxDiffAll
Public Flow_Int
Public Hr_Flow
Public DY_Flow
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Public ZRun_Count
Public ZRun_dT0(32)
Public ZRun_dT1(32)
Public ZRun_dT2(32)
Public ZRun_dTAvg(32)
Public ZRun_dTMax(32)
Public Flag_ZeroDay
Public ZDay_Count
Public ZDay_dT0(32)
Public ZDay_dT1(32)
Public ZDay_dT2(32)
Public ZDay_dTAvg(32)
Public ZDay_dTDiff(32)
Public ZDay_dTNew(32)
'Declare internal varaibles
Dim KPar
Dim StartCh
Dim Initialized
' Define units for variables used in the program
Units BattVolts_V=Volts
Units LoggerTemp_C=Deg C
Units TC_dTC=Deg C
'//////////////////////////// BEGIN TABLE DECLARATIONS//////////////////////
'Define Data Tables
'Hourly Diagonostics Table
DataTable (HourlyDiag,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
'BATTERY VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,BattVolts_V,FP2)
Average (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,False)
'BATTERY CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False,False)
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'LOAD CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False,False)
'SOLAR PANEL VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False,False)
'SOLAR PANEL CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False,False)
Average (1,LoggerTemp_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,CH200_M0(6),FP2,False)
'Logger Temperature (deg C)
'Charge Regulator Temperature (deg C)
Sample (1,NEWBATTCAP,FP2)
Sample (1,BattCap,FP2)
Sample (1,DlyBatCrtIn_AHr,FP2)
Sample (1,DlyBatCrtOut_AHr,FP2)
Average (1,ChargePwr_W,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,ChargePwr_W,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,ChargePwr_W,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,LoadPwr_W,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,LoadPwr_W,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,LoadPwr_W,FP2,False,False)
' Charger state
Sample (1,CH200_M0(7),FP2)
EndTable
'15-minute Water Ttable
DataTable (QuarterHourlyWater,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,15,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False)
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Maximum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterT1_C,FP2)
Average (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
EndTable
'Daily Output Table
DataTable (Daily,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,1440,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
EndTable
'Hourly Climate Table (for Current Conditions Table on Web)
' Size limited to 96 data values or 4 days worth.
DataTable (HrlyClimate,1,96)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
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Sample (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterT1_C,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2)
EndTable
' Hourly Raw Table
DataTable (DailyRaw,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,1440,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,InputTDP001,String) ' Sample TDP sensor settings strings
Sample (1,InputTDP002,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP003,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP004,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP005,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP006,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP007,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP008,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP009,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP010,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP011,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP012,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP013,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP014,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP015,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP016,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP017,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP018,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP019,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP020,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP021,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP022,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP023,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP024,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP025,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP026,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP027,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP028,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP029,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP030,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP031,String)
Sample (1,InputTDP032,String)
EndTable
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'Intermediate table for dTC/ Internal table for calculating average of dTC only
DataTable(TableDT, True, 1)
DataInterval(0,INT_AVG,Min,10)
Average(NUM_TC,TC_dTC(),FP2,False)
EndTable
' Main table for TC(thermocouple) variables
DataTable(TableTC,True,-1)
DataInterval(0,INT_AVG,Min,10)
Sample (1,JDAY,FP2)
Sample (1,JHM,FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,TC_dTCa(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,TC_dTM(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,TC_Vel(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,TC_Flow(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,TC_Status(1),FP2)
Average(4,HtrV(),FP2,False)
'
Minimum(1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,0)
Maximum(1,LoggerTemp_C,FP2,False,0)
Sample (1,SapHtrControlMode,String)
Sample (1,SapHtrControlStatus,FP2)
EndTable
'Table of SF calculations on each sensor along with indexed values and status codes
DataTable(TableTDP, True, -1)
DataInterval(0,INT_AVG,Min,10)
'
Sample (1,JDAY,FP2)
Sample (1,JHM,FP2)
Sample (NUM_TDP,TDP_Flow(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TDP,TDP_FlowIx(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TDP,TDP_Status(1),FP2)
EndTable
' Hourly Table
DataTable(TableHR, True, -1)
DataInterval(0,60,Min,10)
Sample (1,JDAY,FP2)
Sample (1,JHM,FP2)
Sample (1,Hr_Flow,FP2)
EndTable
' Daily Table
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DataTable(TableDY, True, -1)
DataInterval(0,1440,Min,10)
Sample (1,JDAY,FP2)
Sample (1,DY_Flow,FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,TC_dTM(1),FP2)
EndTable
' Test Table to test the autozero rundata and algorithm ** Removed 11-18-08
'DataTable(TableZRu,True,-1)
'
DataInterval(0,INT_AVG,Min,10)
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
Sample (1,JDAY,FP2)
Sample (1,JHM,FP2)
Sample (1,ZRun_Count,FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZRun_dT0(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZRun_dT1(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZRun_dT2(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZRun_dTAvg(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZRun_dTMax(1),FP2)
'
Average(4,HtrV(),FP2,False)
'
Minimum(1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,0)
'
Maximum(1,LoggerTemp_C,FP2,False,0)
'EndTable
' Test Table to test the autozero rundata and algorithm ** Removed 11-18-08
'DataTable(TableZDa,True,-1)
'
DataInterval(0,INT_AVG,Min,10)
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
Sample (1,JDAY,FP2)
Sample (1,JHM,FP2)
Sample (1,ZDay_Count,FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZDay_dT0(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZDay_dT1(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZDay_dT2(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZDay_dTAvg(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZDay_dTDiff(1),FP2)
Sample (NUM_TC,ZDay_dTNew(1),FP2)
'
Average(4,HtrV(),FP2,False)
'
Minimum(1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,0)
'
Maximum(1,LoggerTemp_C,FP2,False,0)
'EndTable
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'//////////////////////////// END TABLE DECLARATIONS////////////////////////
'/////////////////Begin Subroutines/////////////////////////////////
' Function for: Vote out one sensor
Sub VoteOut1
Count_OKV=0
Flow_AvgIx=0
For iTDP = 1 To NUM_TDP Step 1
If (TDP_Status(iTDP)=TDPSTAT_OKV) Then
Flow_AvgIx=Flow_AvgIx+TDP_FlowIx(iTDP)
Count_OKV=Count_OKV+1
EndIf
Next iTDP
Flow_AvgIx = Flow_AvgIx/Count_OKV
For iTDP = 1 To NUM_TDP Step 1
If (TDP_Status(iTDP) = TDPSTAT_OKV) Then
MaxDiff(iTDP) = ABS (TDP_FlowIx(iTDP)-Flow_AvgIx)
EndIf
Next iTDP
MaxDiffAll = 0
For iTDP = 1 To NUM_TDP Step 1
If (MaxDiff(iTDP) > MaxDiffAll AND TDP_Status(iTDP) = TDPSTAT_OKV) Then
MaxDiffAll=MaxDiff(iTDP)
nVoteout=iTDP
EndIf
Next iTDP
TDP_Status(nVoteout)=TDPSTAT_OKN
Count_OKN=Count_OKN+1
EndSub
' Function for: Running average of dT values
Sub AutoZeroRun
' All conditions for autozero are successful so perform running average
ZRun_Count = ZRun_Count + 1
For iTC = 1 To 32 Step 1
If (ZRun_Count = 0) Then
'do nothhing ' the control will never come here
ElseIf (ZRun_Count = 1) Then
ZRun_dT0(iTC) = TC_dTCa(iTC)
ZRun_dTMax(iTC) = ZRun_dT0(iTC)
dTMax Initialized
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'Added 4-20-08 MVB , Make sure
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ElseIf (ZRun_Count = 2) Then
ZRun_dT1(iTC) = ZRun_dT0(iTC)
ZRun_dT0(iTC) = TC_dTCa(iTC)
If (ZRun_dT1(iTC) > ZRun_dT0(iTC)) Then
'Added 4-20-08 MVB
ZRun_dTMax(iTC) = (ZRun_dT1(iTC)+ZRun_dT0(iTC))/2 ' In case only 2 readings taken
Else
ZRun_dTMax(iTC) = ZRun_dT0(iTC)
EndIf
Else ' for all >=3
ZRun_dT2(iTC) = ZRun_dT1(iTC)
ZRun_dT1(iTC) = ZRun_dT0(iTC)
ZRun_dT0(iTC) = TC_dTCa(iTC)
ZRun_dTAvg(iTC) = (ZRun_dT2(iTC) + ZRun_dT1(iTC) + ZRun_dT0(iTC))/3
'If (ZRun_Count = 3)
'ZRun_dTMax(iTC) = ZRun_dTAvg(iTC)
If (ZRun_dTAvg(iTC) > ZRun_dTMax(iTC))
ZRun_dTMax(iTC) = ZRun_dTAvg(iTC)
' No Else here, using the previous dTmax
EndIf
EndIf
Next i
EndSub
'Function for: Perform autozero day
Sub AutoZeroDay
' All conditions for autozero are successful so perform running average
ZDay_Count = ZDay_Count + 1
For iTC = 1 To 32 Step 1
If (ZDay_Count <= 0) Then
'do nothhing ' the control will never come here
ElseIf (ZDay_Count = 1) Then
ZDay_dT2(iTC) = 0
ZDay_dT1(iTC) = TC_dTM(iTC)
ZDay_dT0(iTC) = ZRun_dTMax(iTC)
ZDay_dTAvg(iTC)
= (ZDay_dT1(iTC) + ZDay_dT0(iTC))/2
ZDay_dTDiff(iTC) = ABS((ZDay_dT0(iTC) - ZDay_dTAvg(iTC)) *
100/ZDay_dTAvg(iTC))
If ZDay_dTDiff(iTC) >= 10 Then
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ZDay_dTNew(iTC) = ZDay_dTAvg(iTC)
Else
ZDay_dTNew(iTC) = ZDay_dT0(iTC)
EndIf
'dTM value is changed after the calibration or autozero during current day
TC_dTM(iTC) = ZDay_dTNew(iTC)
ElseIf (ZDay_Count >= 2) Then
ZDay_dT2(iTC) = ZDay_dT1(iTC)
ZDay_dT1(iTC) = ZDay_dT0(iTC)
ZDay_dT0(iTC) = ZRun_dTMax(iTC)
ZDay_dTAvg(iTC)
= (ZDay_dT1(iTC) + ZDay_dT1(iTC) + ZDay_dT0(iTC))/3
ZDay_dTDiff(iTC) = ABS((ZDay_dT0(iTC) - ZDay_dTAvg(iTC)) *
100/ZDay_dTAvg(iTC))
If ZDay_dTDiff(iTC) >= 10 Then
ZDay_dTNew(iTC) = ZDay_dTAvg(iTC)
Else
ZDay_dTNew(iTC) = ZDay_dT0(iTC)
EndIf
'dTM value is changed after the calibration or autozero during current day
TC_dTM(iTC) = ZDay_dTNew(iTC)
EndIf
Next iTC
EndSub
'/////////////////End Subroutines/////////////////////////////////
'Main Program
BeginProg
' Syntax for TDP sensors
'
InputTDP# = "TDP Type, Index Area, dTM1, SA1, dTM2, SA2, dTM3, SA3"
' Default all sensors are TDP30 with DTM=8.0 degC, SA = 1.0 sq.cm, and index area = 1.0
InputTDP001 = "30.0,1.00,9.50,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP002 = "30.0,1.00,9.05,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP003 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP004 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP005 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP006 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP007 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP008 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP009 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP010 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP011 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP012 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP013 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
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InputTDP014 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP015 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP016 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP017 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP018 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP019 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP020 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP021 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP022 = "30.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP023 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP024 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP025 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP026 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP027 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP028 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP029 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP030 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP031 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
InputTDP032 = "50.0,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00,8.00,1.00"
iTC=1
StartCh = 1
For iTDP=1 To NUM_TDP Step 1
Select Case iTDP
Case 0
' do none
Case 1
readstring = InputTDP001
Case 2
readstring = InputTDP002
Case 3
readstring = InputTDP003
Case 4
readstring = InputTDP004
Case 5
readstring = InputTDP005
Case 6
readstring = InputTDP006
Case 7
readstring = InputTDP007
Case 8
readstring = InputTDP008
Case 9
readstring = InputTDP009
Case 10
readstring = InputTDP010
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Case 11
readstring = InputTDP011
Case 12
readstring = InputTDP012
Case 13
readstring = InputTDP013
Case 14
readstring = InputTDP014
Case 15
readstring = InputTDP015
Case 16
readstring = InputTDP016
Case 17
readstring = InputTDP017
Case 18
readstring = InputTDP018
Case 19
readstring = InputTDP019
Case 20
readstring = InputTDP020
Case 21
readstring = InputTDP021
Case 22
readstring = InputTDP022
Case 23
readstring = InputTDP023
Case 24
readstring = InputTDP024
Case 25
readstring = InputTDP025
Case 26
readstring = InputTDP026
Case 27
readstring = InputTDP027
Case 28
readstring = InputTDP028
Case 29
readstring = InputTDP029
Case 30
readstring = InputTDP030
Case 31
readstring = InputTDP031
Case 32
readstring = InputTDP032
EndSelect
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' Read string values to an array
SplitStr (ArrayTemp(),readstring,",",8,0)
' Assign temporary array values to sensor array
'SensorTDP(i) = ArrayTemp() 'This will not work as crbasic doesnot support 2 dimensional
arrays
' Assign senosr array values to TC arrray for faster calculations
Select Case ArrayTemp(1)
'switch based on sensor type
Case 10.0, 30.0, 50.0
' Is the sensor TDP10 or TDP30 or TDP50?
TC_Sno(iTC) = iTDP
TC_Stype(iTC) = ArrayTemp(1)
TC_dTM(iTC) = ArrayTemp(3)
TC_SArea(iTC) = ArrayTemp(4)
iTC=iTC+1
TDP_SType(iTDP) = ArrayTemp(1)
TDP_IArea(iTDP) = ArrayTemp(2)
TDP_nCH(iTDP) = StartCh
StartCh=StartCh+1
Case 80.0
' Is the sensor TDP80?
TC_Sno(iTC) = iTDP
TC_Stype(iTC) = ArrayTemp(1) ' 113.0
TC_dTM(iTC) = ArrayTemp(3)
TC_SArea(iTC) = ArrayTemp(4)
iTC=iTC+1
TC_Sno(iTC) = iTDP
TC_Stype(iTC) = 113.1
' TDP80 channel B
TC_dTM(iTC) = ArrayTemp(5)
TC_SArea(iTC) = ArrayTemp(6)
iTC=iTC+1
TDP_SType(iTDP) = ArrayTemp(1)
TDP_IArea(iTDP) = ArrayTemp(2)
TDP_nCH(iTDP) = StartCh
StartCh=StartCh+2
Case 100.0
' Is the sensor TDP100?
TC_Sno(iTC) = iTDP
TC_Stype(iTC) = ArrayTemp(1) ' 113.0
TC_dTM(iTC) = ArrayTemp(3)
TC_SArea(iTC) = ArrayTemp(4)
iTC=iTC+1
TC_Sno(iTC) = iTDP
TC_Stype(iTC) = 114.1
' TDP100 channel B
TC_dTM(iTC) = ArrayTemp(5)
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TC_SArea(iTC) = ArrayTemp(6)
iTC=iTC+1
TC_Sno(iTC) = iTDP
TC_Stype(iTC) = 114.2
TC_dTM(iTC) = ArrayTemp(7)
TC_SArea(iTC) = ArrayTemp(8)
iTC=iTC+1
' TDP100 channel C
TDP_SType(iTDP) = ArrayTemp(1)
TDP_IArea(iTDP) = ArrayTemp(2)
TDP_nCH(iTDP) = StartCh
StartCh=StartCh+3
Case 0.00
Exit For
' End of required channels
Case Else
'Error in decodin gthe sesnsor array elements
EndSelect
Next i
' NUM_TC = iTC - 1
' Total number of thermocouples in use
'//////////End parsing string to arrays or variables
'///////////////////////////////////////////////////
'Write setup to TABLE_SETUP
'///////////////////////////////////////////////////
'Initialize timer TIMERNO_WARMUP
Timer(TIMERNO_WARMUP,min,TIMER_RSTnSTART)
Count_Day=0
Flag_ZeroDay = True
ZDay_Count = 0
ZRun_Count = 0
' clear temporary variables
For iTC=1 To 32 Step 1
ZRun_dT0(iTC)=0
ZRun_dT1(iTC)=0
ZRun_dT2(iTC)=0
ZRun_dTAvg(iTC)=0
ZRun_dTMax(iTC)=0
ZDay_dT0(iTC)=0
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ZDay_dT1(iTC)=0
ZDay_dT2(iTC)=0
ZDay_dTAvg(iTC)=0
ZDay_dTDiff(iTC)=0
ZDay_dTNew(iTC)=0
Next i
'Initially set port4 for AVR control signal OFF; now in Initialized statements below
' PortSet(4,0)
Scan(INT_SCAN,Sec,1,0)
RealTime(RealTimeArray)
'Check for top of the hour
' initialize the default (power up) conditions
If Initialized = 0 Then
Initialized = 1
NEWBATTCAP = 12 ' 100AHr is max capacity the CH200 will accept
SapHtrControlMode = "ON" 'Default mode is Sap Flow Sensor Heater ON
PortSet(4,1)
EndIf
''''''Sap Flow Heater Control''''''
If SapHtrControlMode = "OFF" Then
SapHtrControlStatus = 0
PortSet(4,0)
EndIf
If SapHtrControlMode = "ON" Then
SapHtrControlStatus = 1
PortSet(4,1)
EndIf
'Condition If top of the hour
If (TimeIntoInterval (0,60,Min)) Then ' Do this only on the first pass after the top of the hour
' Store hourly data in table and reset accumulators, *** Update 11-19-08 MVB
JDAY = RealTimeArray(9)
JHM = RealTimeArray(4)*100 + RealTimeArray(5)
CallTable(TableHR)
'Temporary Removal******* Added Back MVB*****
Hr_Flow=0
'Check for top of the day
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If (TimeIntoInterval (0,24,hr)) Then
'*** Update 11-19-08 MVB
' If top of the day, Store daily data in table and reset accumulators
' Top of the day need to store daily table
JDAY = RealTimeArray(9)
CallTable(TableDY)
' Temporary
Removal*******Added Back MVB *******
DY_Flow = 0
' Update day counter, this counter may be used as a public variable for other algorithms
Count_Day = Count_Day + 1
'Check for auto zero in this day and enable the flags
' number of seconds since ZERO_STARTHOUR is less than INT_SCAN*2 i.e. before the
second pass
'at the top of every hour check if it is ZERO_STARTHOUR, if so enable flags for auto zero
(run and day)
' Removed - MVB ' RealTimeSec =
RealTimeArray(4)*60*60+RealTimeArray(5)*60+RealTimeArray(6)
If ((ZERO_ENABLE) AND (ZERO_DAYINT <> 0)) Then
' Remove ' If (RealTimeSec <= (ZERO_STARTHOUR*60*60 + INT_SCAN)) Then
' Will only execute 1 x top of the day...
' Check and enable auto zero for today if necessary
If ((Count_Day <= 2) OR ((Count_Day MOD ZERO_DAYINT)=0 AND Count_Day >=
ZERO_DAYINT)) Then
'Perform auto zero on day0, day1, day2 and every day following day2 at an interval
ZERO_DAYINT
Flag_ZeroDay = True
ZRun_Count = 0
' clear temporary variables
For iTC=1 To 32 Step 1
ZRun_dT0(iTC)=0
ZRun_dT1(iTC)=0
ZRun_dT2(iTC)=0
ZRun_dTAvg(iTC)=0
ZRun_dTMax(iTC)=0
Next iTC
Else
Flag_ZeroDay = False
EndIf
' End Count Day Check
' Removed Hour Start Check ' EndIf
' End Time Zero Start
Hour Check
Else
Flag_ZeroDay = False
EndIf
' End zero_enable Check
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EndIf
EndIf
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
'Condition EndIf top of the hour
' After Top of the day Check
If SapHtrControlStatus = 1 Then
'
If powersave option is enabled check times and perform powersave
If (PS_ENABLE=True) Then
RealTime(RealTimeArray)
RealTimeMin = RealTimeArray(4)*60+RealTimeArray(5)
If (RealTimeMin < PS_STOP) Then
PortSet(4, 0)
' Shutdown AVR
If (RealTimeMin >= PS_STOP) Then
PortSet(4, 1)
' AVR ON
If (RealTimeMin >= PS_START) Then
PortSet(4, 0) ' Shutdown AVR
Else
PortSet(4, 1)
' If power save option is not enabled AVR ON always
EndIf
EndIf
If SapHtrControlStatus = 0 Then PortSet(4,0)
' Measure battery voltage
Battery (BattVolts_V)
'Wiring Panel Temperature measurement LoggerTemp_C:
PanelTemp(LoggerTemp_C,_60Hz)
'read heater voltages
VoltSe(HtrV(1),2,mV5000,14,1,0,_60Hz,0.004,0)
' A 15K and 4.99K voltage divider is inline that reduces the voltage seen by the logger to 1/4th
of its actual value
' Hence a multiplier of 0.004 is applied
'
VoltDiff(HtrV(1),4,mV5000,5,True,0,_60Hz,0.001,0.0)
'Begin 60-sec Loop
If IfTime (0,60,Sec) Then
' Start GWS code VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV
''''' Set Station ID '''''
StationID = ID
''''''''''''''' CH200 CHARGE REGULATOR MEASUREMENTS
' Feature to enter specific battery capacity as a Public value and send to charger(s)
'Get additional values from CH200
SDI12Recorder (CH200_MX(),1,0,"M6!",1.0,0)
'If the present battery capacity isnot the same as the new battery capacity, send the new one.
If BattCap <> NEWBATTCAP Then
SDI12command = "XC" & FormatFloat (NEWBATTCAP, "%4.1f") & "!"
SDI12Recorder (SDI12result,1,0,SDI12command,1.0,0)
EndIf
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''''''''''''''' CH200 CHARGE REGULATOR MEASUREMENTS
SDI12Recorder (CH200_M0(),1,0,"MC!",1.0,0)
' Compute running Power and daily running total AmpHours/Day values for each current
measurement.
LoadPwr_W = CH200BattVolts_V * LoadCrnt_A
ChargePwr_W = SolarPanel_V *SolarPanel_A
' Divide each 1 minute Amp sample by 1440 sample/day so that the total at the end of the day
is to get avg current for the day
' then muliply be 24 Hr/day to get AHr/Day. or divide by 60 because 24/1440 = 1/60
' Separate and sum each the positive and negative currents into and out of the battery to get
the total AHr in/out for the day.
' Sample hourly and daily, then zero at end of the day.
If BattCrnt_A > 0 Then DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = DlyBatCrtIn_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
If BattCrnt_A < 0 Then DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = DlyBatCrtOut_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
''''''''''' READ INW or CSI SDI-12 Pressure Transducer
SDI12Recorder (PT1Data(),5,1,"M!",1.0,0)
' convert water heights in psi to cm (70.307 cm/psi)
WaterHt1_cm = WaterHt1_psi * 70.307
'Convert Water Height in cm to ft. (0.0328 ft/cm)
WaterHt1_ft = WaterHt1_cm * 0.0328
EndIf 'End of 60-seccond scan loop
' End GWS code ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
'Calculate warmup time condition; all the warmup statuses are based on Heater voltage Vin1
'TIMERNO_WARMUP
If (HtrV(1) < HTROFF_VOLT)
Timer(TIMERNO_WARMUP,min,TIMER_STOPnRST)
'Stop
and reset timer TIMERNO_WARMUP if haeter voltage HtrV(1) < 0.5V
Flag_HtrOff = TRUE
'HeaterOff flag True
Else
If (Flag_HtrOff = TRUE)
Timer(TIMERNO_WARMUP,min,TIMER_RSTnSTART)
'Reset and start timer
TIMERNO_WARMUP if haeter voltage HtrV(1) >= 0.5V and just started
EndIf
Flag_HtrOff = FALSE
'HeaterOff flag True
EndIf
'Turn AM16/32 Multiplexer On
PortSet(2,1)
Delay(0,150,mSec)
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iTC=1
SubScan(100000,uSec,NUM_TC)
'Added delays MVB
4-20-2008
'Switch to next AM16/32 Multiplexer channel
PulsePort(3,35000)
'Maximum Delay Added also
'Generic Differential Voltage measurements dTC on the AM16/32 Multiplexer:
VoltDiff(TC_dTC(iTC),1,mV2_5C,1,1,0,_60Hz,25.0,0.0)
' reads
mV from the sensor and calculate dT = mV *25.0
iTC=iTC+1
NextSubScan
'Turn AM16/32 Multiplexer Off
PortSet(2,0)
Delay(0,150,mSec)
'Store average of dT values in TableDT - internal program / temporary table
CallTable(TableDT)
'Average the dT values at the average interval (INT_AVG) and compute sapflow
If TimeIntoInterval(0,INT_AVG,min) Then
' Call subroutine to calculate sapflow on each thermocouple
For iTC = 1 To NUM_TC Step 1
TC_dTCa(iTC) = TableDT.TC_dTC_AVG(iTC,1)
' read average of dTC from TableDT
' Initialize variables
TC_Status(iTC) = TCSTAT_OKV
TC_Vel(iTC)=0
TC_Flow(iTC)=0
Do ' this is used to obtain a way for CONTINUE statement in C
' Start TC-SapFlow computations
If ((HtrV(1)<HTROFF_VOLT OR TC_dTCa(iTC) = NAN) AND
TC_Status(iTC)=TCSTAT_OKV) Then
TC_Status(iTC) = TCSTAT_OFF
ExitDo
EndIf
If ( (TC_dTCa(iTC) > 62 OR TC_dTCa(iTC) < -62) AND
TC_Status(iTC)=TCSTAT_OKV) Then
TC_Status(iTC) = TCSTAT_FAULT
ExitDo
EndIf
If (TC_dTCa(iTC) = 0 AND TC_Status(iTC)=TCSTAT_OKV) Then
TC_Status(iTC) = TCSTAT_MERR
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ExitDo
EndIf
If (TC_dTCa(iTC) < 0 AND TC_Status(iTC)=TCSTAT_OKV) Then
TC_Status(iTC) = TCSTAT_REV
ExitDo
EndIf
If (TC_dTM(iTC) < TC_dTCa(iTC) AND TC_Status(iTC)=TCSTAT_OKV) Then
TC_Status(iTC) = TCSTAT_ZERO
ExitDo
Else If (TC_Status(iTC)=TCSTAT_OKV)
KPar = ((TC_dTM(iTC) - TC_dTCa(iTC))/ TC_dTCa(iTC))
'
constant no units
If KPar < 0 Then
' only double checking not necessary
TC_Status(iTC) = TCSTAT_ZERO
ExitDo
Else
'
Updated Vel to cm/h, not sec. because FP2 format would not show values,
nor is it standard!!
TC_Vel(iTC) = 0.0119 * (KPar ^ 1.231)*3600
'
Velocity in cm/h , MVB- 11-18-08
TC_Flow(iTC) = TC_SArea(iTC) * TC_Vel(iTC)
'
SapFlow in g/hr
EndIf
EndIf
' check for maxflow
If ( (TC_dTCa(iTC) <= DTMIN OR TC_Vel(iTC) > 200) AND
TC_Status(iTC)=TCSTAT_OKV) Then
TC_Status(iTC) = TCSTAT_MAX
ExitDo
EndIf
ExitDo
Loop
' check for warmup time
Htr_ON_Time = Timer(TIMERNO_WARMUP,min,TIMER_READONLY)
If (Htr_ON_Time < WARMUP_MIN ) Then
TC_Status(iTC) = TCSTAT_WARM
EndIf
If (TC_Status(iTC) <> TCSTAT_OKV) Then
'Make all the storing variables to zero//// If necessary
EndIf
Next iTC
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'Call Data Tables and Store Data
RealTime(RealTimeArray)
JDAY = RealTimeArray(9)
JHM = RealTimeArray(4)*100+RealTimeArray(5)
CallTable(TableTC)
'This was temporarily removed MVB put back 4-21
'Convert thermocouple sapflow to TDP sensor sapflow
' Not implemented ' currently the code works for TDP10/30/50 sensors
For iTDP = 1 To NUM_TDP Step 1
StartCh = TDP_nCH(iTDP)
If (StartCh > NUM_TC)
ExitFor
EndIf
If ((TDP_SType(iTDP) = TDP10) OR (TDP_SType(iTDP) = TDP30) OR
(TDP_SType(iTDP) = TDP50)) Then
TDP_Flow(iTDP) = TC_Flow(StartCh)
TDP_Status(iTDP) = TC_Status(StartCh)
ElseIf (TDP_SType(iTDP) = TDP80)
If ((TC_Status(StartCh)=TC_Status(StartCh+1)) AND
(TC_Status(StartCh)=TCSTAT_OKV)) Then
TDP_Flow(iTDP) = TC_Flow(StartCh) + TC_Flow(StartCh+1)
TDP_Status(iTDP) = TC_Status(StartCh)
ElseIf ((TC_Status(iTC)= TC_Status(iTC+1))) Then
TDP_Flow(iTDP) = 0
TDP_Status(iTDP) = TC_Status(StartCh)
Else
TDP_Flow(iTDP) = 0
TDP_Status(iTDP) = TDPSTAT_NALL
EndIf
ElseIf (TDP_SType(iTDP) = TDP100)
If ((TC_Status(StartCh)= TC_Status(StartCh+1)) AND
(TC_Status(StartCh)=TC_Status(StartCh+2)) AND (TC_Status(StartCh)=TCSTAT_OKV))
Then
TDP_Flow(iTDP) = TC_Flow(StartCh) + TC_Flow(StartCh+1) + TC_Flow(StartCh+2)
TDP_Status(iTDP) = TC_Status(StartCh)
ElseIf ((TC_Status(StartCh)= TC_Status(StartCh+1)) AND
(TC_Status(StartCh)=TC_Status(StartCh+2))) Then
TDP_Flow(iTDP) = 0
TDP_Status(iTDP) = TC_Status(StartCh)
Else
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
TDP_Flow(iTDP) = 0
TDP_Status(iTDP) = TDPSTAT_NALL
EndIf
Else
' Problem in assigning TC to TDP
TDP_Flow(iTDP) = 0
TDP_Status(iTDP) = TDPSTAT_ERRCH
EndIf
Next iTDP
'Calculate indexes for each sensor not thermocouple
For iTDP = 1 To NUM_TDP Step 1
'Index sapflow to field
TDP_FlowIx(iTDP) = TDP_Flow(iTDP) / TDP_IArea(iTDP) * FIELDINDEX
Next iTDP
'Perform Voting on Indexed sapflows
' vote out 2 sensors if number of sensors with OKV >6
'or vote out 1 sensor if number of sensors with OKV >2 and <=6
'or vote out none if number of sensors with OKV <=2
'Count the number of sensors currently voting
'///////////////////Vote out first one if necessary
Count_OKV = 0
Count_OKN=0
For iTDP = 1 To NUM_TDP Step 1
If (TDP_Status(iTDP) = TDPSTAT_OKV) Then
Count_OKV = Count_OKV +1
EndIf
Next iTDP
'///////////////Vote out first one
If (Count_OKV > 6) Then
Call VoteOut1
EndIf
'///////////////////Vote out second one if necessary
'Count the number of sensors currently voting
Count_OKV = 0
For iTDP = 1 To NUM_TDP Step 1
If (TDP_Status(iTDP) = TDPSTAT_OKV) Then
Count_OKV = Count_OKV +1
EndIf
Next iTDP
If (Count_OKV > 2) Then
Call VoteOut1
EndIf
'///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
RealTime(RealTimeArray)
JDAY = RealTimeArray(9)
JHM = RealTimeArray(4)*100+RealTimeArray(5)
CallTable(TableTDP)
removal*******added back MVB***************
'Calculate average indexed sapflow of the voting sensors
Flow_AvgIx = 0
Count_OKV = 0
For iTDP = 1 To NUM_TDP Step 1
If (TDP_Status(iTDP)=TDPSTAT_OKV) Then
Flow_AvgIx = Flow_AvgIx + TDP_FlowIx(iTDP)
Count_OKV = Count_OKV +1
EndIf
Next iTDP
Flow_AvgIx = Flow_AvgIx/Count_OKV
If Flow_AvgIx < 0 Then
Flow_AvgIx = 0
EndIf
Flow_Int = Flow_AvgIx * INT_AVG / 60
Instantaneous flow rate
Hr_Flow = Hr_Flow + Flow_Int
hourly accumulator
DY_Flow = DY_Flow + Hr_Flow
Update daily accumulator
'Temporary
' Hourly component of the
'
Update
'
' Peform auto zero - running
'add the conditions for autozero enabled and interval here
' Check is autozero is enabled
RealTime(RealTimeArray)
RealTimeMin = RealTimeArray(4)*60+RealTimeArray(5)
If (( Flag_ZeroDay = True) AND (RealTimeMin >= ZERO_STARTHOUR*60) AND
(RealTimeMin <= ZERO_STOPHOUR*60)) Then
' Call Subroutine for compuring dT running averages
Call AutoZeroRun
'
CallTable(TableZRu)
****************** Not needed after 11-18-08
EndIf
' End Autozero running
'Perform autozero day
RealTime(RealTimeArray)
RealTimeMin = RealTimeArray(4)*60+RealTimeArray(5)
If ((Flag_ZeroDay = True) AND (RealTimeMin = ZERO_STOPHOUR*60)) Then
' Call subroutine for computing new dTM
Call AutoZeroDay
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Flag_ZeroDay = False
'
Not needed after 11-18-08
EndIf
EndIf
'Disable autozero until midnight or logger power is reset
CallTable(TableZDa)
******************
' End Autozero day
'End of If TimeIntoInterval - INT_AVG
' GWS Tables VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV
CallTable HourlyDiag
CallTable QuarterHourlyWater
CallTable Daily
CallTable HrlyClimate
CallTable DailyRaw
' End GWS Tables ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
If IfTime (0,1440,Min) Then
DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = 0
DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = 0
EndIf
NextScan
EndProg
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-14. ESGFA104-4 Sheet 1 (Data Logger, Power, Radio, Multiplexer).
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Figure C-15. ESGFA104-4 Sheet 2 (Data Logger, CS Sensors).
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Figure C-16. ESGFA104-4 Sheet 2alt (Data Logger, INW Sensors).
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Figure C-17. ESGFA104-4 Sheet 3 (Multiplexer, ADVR).
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-18. ESGFA104-4 Sheet 4 (Multiplexer, Sap Flow Sensors).
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
The following program and wiring diagrams depict FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) station
ESGFA104-10, representative of the groundwater (CSI CR1000, stream-bed profiles) data
type station:
'CR1000 Series Datalogger
'Program name: ESGFA104-10_130926.cr1
'Modification Of: ESG104-10_130810.CR1
'Modified By: AMcHugh
'Date Modified:
'Modifications: Fixed Daily table to process all PTs. Updated NEWBATTCAP to 100.
'Old Modifications:
' Changed temperature string depth names
' Added CH200 code
'Station Notes:
'
PakBus ID for Statino: 365
'INSERT PakBus ID HERE <==========
'
Station ID: 365
'INSERT Station ID HERE <==========
'
Time is set to AK Standard Time
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'''' INDIVIDUAL STATION INPUTS ''''
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'INSERT Station Name HERE:
StationName (ESGFA104-10)
'INSERT Station Name HERE
<=========================
'INSERT Station ID HERE:
Const ID = 365
'INSERT Station ID HERE
<==================================
' CS547A s/n 6373 cal 1.387
' we are doing 0% temperature correction.
Const CS547A1CalFactor = 1.387 ' <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< MUST ENTER SENSOR-SPECIFIC
CAL FACTOR HERE>
Const CS547A1cable = 100 ' <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< MUST ENTER SENSOR-SPECIFIC
CABLE LENGTH HERE>
' CS547A s/n 6372 cal 1.476
' we are doing 0% temperature correction.
Const CS547A2CalFactor = 1.476 ' <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< MUST ENTER SENSOR-SPECIFIC
CAL FACTOR HERE>
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Const CS547A2cable = 100 ' <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< MUST ENTER SENSOR-SPECIFIC
CABLE LENGTH HERE>
'FIXED RESISTOR VALUE FOR GWS THERMISTOR CIRCUITS
Const Rf = 1.0
'FIXED RESISTOR 1 (kOHM) HERE
' For YSI thermistors -- conversion of kOHM to deg C
Const a = 0.0014654354
Const b = 0.0002386780
Const c = 0.0000001000
'DECLARE PUBLIC VARIABLES
PreserveVariables ' variables are maintained over reboot.
Public StationID ' Station ID number, USER INPUT
Public BattVolts_V
Public LoggerTemp_C
Public DlyBatCrtIn_AHr, DlyBatCrtOut_AHr
Public LoadPwr_W, ChargePwr_W
Public CH200_M0(9) 'Array to hold all data from CH200
Public CH200_MX(4) ' Array to hold extended data from CH200
Alias CH200_MX(1) = BattTargV ' Battery charging target voltage
Alias CH200_MX(2) = DgtlPotSet ' Digital potentiometer setting
Alias CH200_MX(3) = BattCap ' Present battery capacity
Alias CH200_MX(4) = Qloss ' Battery charge deficit
' SDI-12 formatted battery capacity value
Public SDI12command As String
' Response from CH200. Retrns the address of the unit and "ok" if all went well
Public SDI12result As String
Public NEWBATTCAP ' the new battery capacticty if you need to change it.
Public PT1Data(2)
Public PT2Data(2)
Public PT3Data(2)
Public PT4Data(2)
'Water Level Sensor 1 - pressure, temperature
'Water Level Sensor 2 - pressure, temperature
'Water Level Sensor 3 - pressure, temperature
'Water Level Sensor 4 - pressure, temperature
Public WaterHt1_cm, WaterHt1_ft
Public WaterHt2_cm, WaterHt2_ft
Public WaterHt3_cm, WaterHt3_ft
Public WaterHt4_cm, WaterHt4_ft
' Water level above the probe
' Water level above the probe
' Water level above the probe
' Water level above the probe
Public Cond1_mS_cm, Cond1_uS_cm
Public Cond1TC_mS_cm, Cond1TC_uS_cm
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Public Cond1T_C
Public Cond2_mS_cm, Cond2_uS_cm
Public Cond2TC_mS_cm, Cond2TC_uS_cm
Public Cond2T_C
Public Therm_kOhm(24), Temp_C(24) ' two GWS soil temp strings
Dim Initialized
Dim Rs1,Rs2
Dim therm(24),D(24),i,j
Alias PT1Data(1) = WaterHt1_psi
Alias PT1Data(2) = WaterT1_C
Alias PT2Data(1) = WaterHt2_psi
Alias PT2Data(2) = WaterT2_C
Alias PT3Data(1) = WaterHt3_psi
Alias PT3Data(2) = WaterT3_C
Alias PT4Data(1) = WaterHt4_psi
Alias PT4Data(2) = WaterT4_C
Alias CH200_M0(1)=CH200BattVolts_V
'Battery voltage: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(2)=BattCrnt_A
'Current going into, or out of, the battery: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(3)=LoadCrnt_A
'Current going to the load: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(4)=SolarPanel_V
'Voltage coming into the charger: VDC
Alias CH200_M0(5)=SolarPanel_A
'Current coming into the charger: Amps
Alias CH200_M0(6)=Chgr_Tmp_C
'Charger temperature: Celsius
Alias CH200_M0(7)=Chgr_State
'Charging state: 2=Cycle, 3=Float, 1=Current Limited, or
0=None
Alias CH200_M0(8)=Chgr_Source
'Charging source: 0=None, 1=Solar, or 2=AC
Alias CH200_M0(9)=Ck_Batt
'Check battery error: 0=normal, 1=check battery
Alias Temp_C(1) = SoilT_5cm_C
Alias Temp_C(2) = SoilT_10cm_C
Alias Temp_C(3) = SoilT_15cm_C
Alias Temp_C(4) = SoilT_20cm_C
Alias Temp_C(5) = SoilT_30cm_C
Alias Temp_C(6) = SoilT_40cm_C
Alias Temp_C(7) = SoilT_50cm_C
Alias Temp_C(8) = SoilT_60cm_C
Alias Temp_C(9) = SoilT_80cm_C
Alias Temp_C(10) = SoilT_100cm_C
Alias Temp_C(11) = SoilT_120cm_C
Alias Temp_C(12) = SoilT_150cm_C
Alias Temp_C(13) = SoilT2_5cm_C
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Alias Temp_C(14) = SoilT2_10cm_C
Alias Temp_C(15) = SoilT2_15cm_C
Alias Temp_C(16) = SoilT2_20cm_C
Alias Temp_C(17) = SoilT2_30cm_C
Alias Temp_C(18) = SoilT2_40cm_C
Alias Temp_C(19) = SoilT2_50cm_C
Alias Temp_C(20) = SoilT2_60cm_C
Alias Temp_C(21) = SoilT2_80cm_C
Alias Temp_C(22) = SoilT2_100cm_C
Alias Temp_C(23) = SoilT2_120cm_C
Alias Temp_C(24) = SoilT2_150cm_C
'Hourly Diagonostics Table
DataTable (HourlyDiag,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
'BATTERY VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,BattVolts_V,FP2)
Average (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,BattVolts_V,FP2,False,False)
'BATTERY CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(2),FP2,False,False)
'LOAD CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(3),FP2,False,False)
'SOLAR PANEL VOLTS (V)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(4),FP2,False,False)
'SOLAR PANEL CURRENT (A)
Sample (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2)
Average (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False)
Maximum (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False,False)
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Minimum (1,CH200_M0(5),FP2,False,False)
Average (1,LoggerTemp_C,FP2,False)
Average (1,CH200_M0(6),FP2,False)
'Logger Temperature (deg C)
'Charge Regulator Temperature (deg C)
Sample (1,NEWBATTCAP,FP2)
Sample (1,BattCap,FP2)
Sample (1,DlyBatCrtIn_AHr,FP2)
Sample (1,DlyBatCrtOut_AHr,FP2)
Average (1,ChargePwr_W,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,ChargePwr_W,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,ChargePwr_W,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,LoadPwr_W,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,LoadPwr_W,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,LoadPwr_W,FP2,False,False)
' Charger state
Sample (1,CH200_M0(7),FP2)
EndTable
'15-minute Water Ttable
DataTable (QuarterHourlyWater,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,15,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt3_cm,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt3_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt3_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt3_cm,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt4_cm,FP2)
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Average (1,WaterHt4_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt4_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt4_cm,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt3_ft,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt3_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt3_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt3_ft,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt4_ft,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt4_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt4_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt4_ft,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterT1_C,FP2)
Average (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterT2_C,FP2)
Average (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterT3_C,FP2)
Average (1,WaterT3_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT3_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT3_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterT4_C,FP2)
Average (1,WaterT4_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT4_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT4_C,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False)
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt3_psi,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt3_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt3_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt3_psi,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,WaterHt4_psi,FP2)
Average (1,WaterHt4_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt4_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt4_psi,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,Cond1TC_mS_cm,FP2)
Average (1,Cond1TC_mS_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,Cond1TC_mS_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,Cond1TC_mS_cm,FP2,False,False)
Sample (1,Cond2TC_mS_cm,FP2)
Average (1,Cond2TC_mS_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,Cond2TC_mS_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,Cond2TC_mS_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,Cond1T_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,Cond1T_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,Cond1T_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,Cond2T_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,Cond2T_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,Cond2T_C,FP2,False,False)
EndTable
' Hourly Raw Table
DataTable (HourlyRaw,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,Rs1,FP2)
Average (1,Rs1,FP2,False)
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Sample (1,Rs2,FP2)
Average (1,Rs2,FP2,False)
Sample (24, Therm_kOhm(),FP2)
Average (24,Therm_kOhm(),FP2,False)
EndTable
'Daily Output Table
DataTable (Daily,1,-1)
DataInterval(0,1440,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Average (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt3_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt3_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt3_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt4_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt4_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt4_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt3_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt3_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt3_ft,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt4_ft,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt4_ft,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt4_ft,FP2,False,False)
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Average (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT1_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT2_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterT3_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT3_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT3_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterT4_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterT4_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterT4_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt3_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt3_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt3_psi,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,WaterHt4_psi,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,WaterHt4_psi,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,WaterHt4_psi,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,Cond1TC_mS_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,Cond1TC_mS_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,Cond1TC_mS_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,Cond2TC_mS_cm,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,Cond2TC_mS_cm,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,Cond2TC_mS_cm,FP2,False,False)
Average (1,Cond1T_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,Cond1T_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,Cond1T_C,FP2,False,False)
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Average (1,Cond2T_C,FP2,False)
Maximum (1,Cond2T_C,FP2,False,False)
Minimum (1,Cond2T_C,FP2,False,False)
Average (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2,False)
Average (12,SoilT2_5cm_C,FP2,False)
EndTable
'Hourly Climate Table (for Current Conditions Table on Web)
' Size limited to 96 data values or 4 days worth.
DataTable (HrlyClimate,1,96)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_cm,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_ft,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt1_psi,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterT1_C,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_cm,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_ft,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt2_psi,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterT2_C,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt3_cm,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt3_ft,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt3_psi,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterT3_C,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt4_cm,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt4_ft,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterHt4_psi,FP2)
Sample (1,WaterT4_C,FP2)
Sample (1,Cond1TC_mS_cm,FP2)
Sample (1,Cond2TC_mS_cm,FP2)
Sample (1,Cond1T_C,FP2)
Sample (1,Cond2T_C,FP2)
EndTable
'Hourly Climate Table (for Current Conditions Table on Web)
DataTable (HourlySubs,1,-1)
DataInterval (0,60,Min,0)
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FERC Project No. 14241
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February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Sample (1,StationID,fp2)
Sample (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2)
Average (12,SoilT_5cm_C,FP2,False)
Sample (12,SoilT2_5cm_C,FP2)
Average (12,SoilT2_5cm_C,FP2,False)
EndTable
''''''''''''''''''''''
'''' MAIN PROGRAM ''''
''''''''''''''''''''''
'SCAN (EXECUTE) PROGRAM AT 5-SEC INTERVALS
BeginProg
'Three-second scan interval
Scan (3,Sec,0,0)
''''' Set Station ID '''''
StationID = ID
' initialize the default (power up) conditions
If Initialized = 0 Then
Initialized = 1
NEWBATTCAP = 100 ' 100AHr is max capacity the CH200 will accept
EndIf
'CS547A1 Conductivity and Temperature Probe #1 measurements Cond1_mS_cm,
Cond1TC_mS_cm, and Cond1T_C
'Make preliminary voltage measurement
BrFull(Rs1,1,mV2500,5,2,1,2500,True,True,0,250,-0.001,1)
'Convert voltage measurement to resistance
Rs1=Rs1/(1-Rs1)
'Make refined voltage measurement based on preliminary measurement
Select Case Rs1
Case Is <1.8
BrHalf(Rs1,1,mV2500,10,2,1,2500,True,0,250,1,0)
Case Is <9.25
BrFull(Rs1,1,mV2500,5,2,1,2500,True,True,0,250,-0.001,1)
Case Is <280
BrFull(Rs1,1,mV250,5,2,1,2500,True,True,0,250,-0.001,1)
EndSelect
'Convert voltage measurement to resistance
Rs1=Rs1/(1-Rs1)
'Subtract resistance errors from cable length
Rs1=Rs1-(CS547A1cable*0.000032+0.005)
'Calculate EC
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Cond1_mS_cm=(1/Rs1)*CS547A1CalFactor
'Correct EC for ionization errors
If Cond1_mS_cm<0.474 Then
Cond1_mS_cm=Cond1_mS_cm*0.95031-0.00378
Else
Cond1_mS_cm=-0.02889+(0.98614*Cond1_mS_cm)+(0.02846*Cond1_mS_cm^2)
EndIf
'Make temperature measurement (Deg C)
Therm107(Cond1T_C,1,11,1,0,250,1,0)
'Correct EC for temperature errors
Cond1TC_mS_cm=(Cond1_mS_cm*100)/((Cond1T_C-25)*0+100)
'Trap measurements below 0.005 mS/cm threshold
If Cond1TC_mS_cm<0.005 Then Cond1TC_mS_cm=0.005
Cond1_uS_cm = Cond1_mS_cm * 1000
Cond1TC_uS_cm = Cond1TC_mS_cm * 1000
'CS547A2 Conductivity and Temperature Probe #2 measurements Cond_mS_cm,
CondTC_mS_cm, and CondT_C
'Make preliminary voltage measurement
BrFull(Rs2,1,mV2500,3,3,1,2500,True,True,0,250,-0.001,1)
'Convert voltage measurement to resistance
Rs2=Rs2/(1-Rs2)
'Make refined voltage measurement based on preliminary measurement
Select Case Rs2
Case Is <1.8
BrHalf(Rs2,1,mV2500,6,3,1,2500,True,0,250,1,0)
Case Is <9.25
BrFull(Rs2,1,mV2500,3,3,1,2500,True,True,0,250,-0.001,1)
Case Is <280
BrFull(Rs2,1,mV250,3,3,1,2500,True,True,0,250,-0.001,1)
EndSelect
'Convert voltage measurement to resistance
Rs2=Rs2/(1-Rs2)
'Subtract resistance errors from cable length
Rs2=Rs2-(CS547A2cable*0.000032+0.005)
'Calculate EC
Cond2_mS_cm=(1/Rs2)*CS547A2CalFactor
'Correct EC for ionization errors
If Cond2_mS_cm<0.474 Then
Cond2_mS_cm=Cond2_mS_cm*0.95031-0.00378
Else
Cond2_mS_cm=-0.02889+(0.98614*Cond2_mS_cm)+(0.02846*Cond2_mS_cm^2)
EndIf
'Make temperature measurement (Deg C)
Therm107(Cond2T_C,1,7,1,0,250,1,0)
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Alaska Energy Authority
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
'Correct EC for temperature errors
Cond2TC_mS_cm=(Cond2_mS_cm*100)/((Cond2T_C-25)*0+100)
'Trap measurements below 0.005 mS/cm threshold
If Cond2TC_mS_cm<0.005 Then Cond2TC_mS_cm=0.005
Cond2_uS_cm = Cond2_mS_cm * 1000
Cond2TC_uS_cm = Cond2TC_mS_cm * 1000
'Begin 60-sec Loop
If IfTime (0,60,Sec) Then
''''''''''''' MEASURE DATALOGGER WIRING PANEL TEMPERATURE (deg C)
PanelTemp (LoggerTemp_C,250)
''''''''''''' MEASURE DATALOGGER BATTERY VOLTS (V)
Battery (BattVolts_V)
' Feature to enter specific battery capacity as a Public value and send to charger(s)
'Get additional values from CH200
SDI12Recorder (CH200_MX(),1,0,"M6!",1.0,0)
'If the present battery capacity isnot the same as the new battery capacity, send the new one.
If BattCap <> NEWBATTCAP Then
SDI12command = "XC" & FormatFloat (NEWBATTCAP, "%4.1f") & "!"
SDI12Recorder (SDI12result,1,0,SDI12command,1.0,0)
EndIf
''''''''''''''' CH200 CHARGE REGULATOR MEASUREMENTS
SDI12Recorder (CH200_M0(),1,0,"MC!",1.0,0)
' Compute running Power and daily running total AmpHours/Day values for each current
measurement.
LoadPwr_W = CH200BattVolts_V * LoadCrnt_A
ChargePwr_W = SolarPanel_V *SolarPanel_A
' Divide each 1 minute Amp sample by 1440 sample/day so that the total at the end of the day
is to get avg current for the day
' then muliply be 24 Hr/day to get AHr/Day. or divide by 60 because 24/1440 = 1/60
' Separate and sum each the positive and negative currents into and out of the battery to get
the total AHr in/out for the day.
' Sample hourly and daily, then zero at end of the day.
If BattCrnt_A > 0 Then DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = DlyBatCrtIn_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
If BattCrnt_A < 0 Then DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = DlyBatCrtOut_AHr + BattCrnt_A/60
''''''''''' READ INW or CSI SDI-12 Pressure Transducer
SDI12Recorder (PT1Data(),5,1,"M!",1.0,0)
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FERC Project No. 14241
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
SDI12Recorder (PT2Data(),5,2,"M!",1.0,0
SDI12Recorder (PT3Data(),5,3,"M!",1.0,0
SDI12Recorder (PT4Data(),5,4,"M!",1.0,0
' convert water heights in psi to cm (70.307 cm/psi)
WaterHt1_cm = WaterHt1_psi * 70.307
'Convert Water Height in cm to ft. (0.0328 ft/cm)
WaterHt1_ft = WaterHt1_cm * 0.0328
WaterHt2_cm = WaterHt2_psi * 70.307
WaterHt2_ft = WaterHt2_cm * 0.0328
WaterHt3_cm = WaterHt3_psi * 70.307
WaterHt3_ft = WaterHt3_cm * 0.0328
WaterHt4_cm = WaterHt4_psi * 70.307
WaterHt4_ft = WaterHt4_cm * 0.0328
'***************************************************************************
'' READ AM16/32 #1 MULTIPLEXER
Every 1 minute
''
'***************************************************************************
PortSet (2,1 )
'TURN ON AM16/32 #1 MULTIPLEXER, SET PORT 2 HIGH
i=1
'INITIALIZE INDEX INTERGER I TO ONE
'READ 36 GWS THERMISTORS
SubScan (0,Sec,4)
'SCAN LOOP -- 5 ITERATIONS
PulsePort (3,10000) 'ADVANCE AM16/32 #1 GROUP BY 1, PULSE PORT 2
'MEASURE GWS THERMISTORS, (Voltage Ratio X = Rs/(Rs+Rf))
BrHalf (therm(i),1,mV2500,1,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
i=i+1
BrHalf (therm(i),1,mV2500,2,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
i=i+1
BrHalf (therm(i),1,mV2500,3,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
i=i+1
NextSubScan
PortSet (2,0)
'TURN OFF AM16/32 #1 MULTIPLEXER, SET PORT 1 LOW
'CONVERT MEASURED VOLTAGE RATIO TO RESISTANCE (kOHM) FOR 36 GWS
THERMISTORS
For i=1 To 12
Therm_kOhm(i) = Rf*therm(i)/(1-therm(i))
Next i
'CONVERT GWS THERMISTOR RESISTANCE TO deg C FOR 36 GWS
THERMISTORS
For i=1 To 12
D(i) = LN (1000*Therm_kOhm(i))
'ln resistance (ohm)
Temp_C(i) = (1/(a + b*D(i) + c*(D(i))^3)) - 273.15 'Steinhart & Hart Equation
Next i
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GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
EndIf 'End of 60-seccond scan loop
CallTable HourlyDiag
CallTable QuarterHourlyWater
CallTable HourlyRaw
CallTable Daily
CallTable HrlyClimate
CallTable HourlySubs
If IfTime (0,1440,Min) Then
DlyBatCrtIn_AHr = 0
DlyBatCrtOut_AHr = 0
EndIf
NextScan
EndProg
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FERC Project No. 14241
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February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-19. ESGFA104-10 Sheet 1 (Data Logger, Power, Radio, Multiplexer).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
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Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-20. ESGFA104-10 Sheet 2 (Data Logger, Conductivity Sensors).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
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February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-21. ESGFA104-10 Sheet 3 (Data Logger, CS451 WaterSensors).
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FERC Project No. 14241
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INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-22. ESGFA104-10 Sheet 3Alt (Data Logger, Mix CS451 & INW PT-12 WaterSensors).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
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Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure C-23. ESGFA104-10 Sheet 4 (Multiplexer, Sensors).
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix C – Page 107
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
(FERC No. 14241)
Groundwater Study (7.5)
Appendix D
Selected Focus Area Time-Lapse Photo Examples
Initial Study Report
Prepared for
Alaska Energy Authority
Prepared by
Geo-Watersheds Scientific
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
APPENDIX D: SELECTED FOCUS AREA TIME-LAPSE PHOTO
EXAMPLES
The selected images in this appendix are intended to show a range of applications for each
camera station. The primary purpose of each camera station may vary, but all cameras were in
positions to help gain the most information for a variety of study objectives. Cameras with a
view of water bodies are applicable for the groundwater/surface-water interactions and for use
with other forms of empirical data being collected. All cameras also help capture important
riparian vegetation changes in a wide assortment of vegetation units. For example, riparian
evapo-transpiration porometer protocol requires specific atmospheric (cloudy or full sun) and dry
leaf conditions for conducting leaf porometer measurements. Near-real-time photos allow
scheduling of field trips during appropriate atmospheric conditions, therefore facilitating costeffective field operation. Cameras have also captured ice / floodplain vegetation interactions,
informing the floodplain vegetation ice processes study design.
Images from all but two cameras are manually downloaded when field crews are working in a
Focus Area, so each set of available images may vary in number of available images and date
ranges. The other two cameras are part of the Campbell Scientific CR1000 data acquisition
system reporting over the radio telemetry network and provide images in near-real-time.
Because poor images may still provide some useful information, only images with no clear view
are deleted during quality control checks. Examples of these conditions include camera lens
covered in frost or snow, tree limbs completely blocking the camera view, or general camera
malfunctions.
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FERC Project No. 14241
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Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Table D-1. This table lists example QC3 Focus Area time-lapse station images. Following the table, example images
are provided below in downstream Focus Area order.
Stations Equipped with TimeLapse Images
FA-138 (Gold Creek)
FA-128 (Slough 8A)
FA-115 (Slough 6A)
FA-113 (Oxbow 1)
FA-104 (Whiskers Slough)
Site
Camera
Installation Date
Last Image
Download Date
Number of
Images Currently
Available
ESCFA138-82
2013-11-06
2013-11-06
1
ESCFA138-9
2013-11-06
2013-11-17
445
ESCFA138-10
2013-11-06
2013-11-17
723
ESCFA138-112
2013-11-06
2013-11-06
1
ESSFA128-11
2013-05-13
2014-01-14
8393
ESCFA128-29
2013-11-06
2013-11-22
2449
ESCFA128-30
2013-10-04
2013-11-22
1038
ESCFA128-31
2013-10-25
2013-11-09
1457
ESCFA128-322
2013-10-25
2013-10-25
1
ESCFA128-342
2013-11-03
2013-11-03
1
ESCFA128-35
2013-11-06
2013-11-21
1396
ESCFA128-363
2013-11-03
not available
0
ESCFA115-112
2013-11-03
2013-11-03
1
ESCFA115-122
2013-11-03
2013-11-03
1
ESCFA115-132
2013-11-03
2013-11-03
1
ESCFA113-22
2013-11-02
2013-11-02
1
ESCFA113-32
2013-10-31
2013-10-31
1
ESCFA113-42
2013-10-31
2013-10-31
1
ESSFA104-1
2013-04-20
2014-01-14
2436
ESCFA104-16
2013-10-31
2013-12-04
1424
ESCFA104-17
2013-10-31
2013-12-09
2155
ESCFA104-182
2013-10-31
2013-10-31
1
ESCFA104-19
2013-10-31
2013-11-13
1232
ESCFA104-20
2013-10-31
2013-11-15
1429
ESCFA104-213
2013-10-31
not available
0
ESCFA104-22
2013-10-31
2013-12-09
2590
Campbell Scientific 5MPX near-real-time reporting camera
2 The single image provided is the first image taken upon installation of this camera. Additional images will be
retrieved during the next site visit.
3
Images will be retrieved during the next site visit.
1
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FERC Project No. 14241
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Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-1. This FA-138 (Gold Creek) image from ESCFA138-8 displays a view of early-winter river side channel and
Slough 11 conditions on November 06, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data)
for the Slough 11 outlet conditions, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Figure D-2. This FA-138 (Gold Creek) image from ESCFA138-9 displays a view of early winter Slough 11 conditions on
November 06, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the Slough 11 aquatic transect, Slough 11
hydrology conditions, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 3
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-3. This FA-138 (Gold Creek) image from ESCFA138-10 displays an early winter view of Upper Side Channel
11, with the main channel in the background on November 06, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for
the Upper Side Channel 11 aquatic transect, outlet hydrology conditions, main channel in the background, leaf-out and
leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Figure D-4. This FA-138 (Gold Creek) image from ESCFA138-11 displays a view of early winter main channel river
conditions on November 06, 2013. The station image is looking upstream. Station camera records images (empirical
data) for the FA-138 riparian transect, main channel hydrology, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice
interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 4
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-5. These FA-128 (Slough 8A) images from ESSFA128-1 display spring snowmelt flooding through Slough 8A
and side channel on May 29, 2013 (top) and summer water-quality differences between Slough 8A and inflow from the
side channel on June 04, 2013 (bottom). Station camera records images (empirical data) for the side channel, slough,
leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, winter ice and snow cover conditions. This camera is
part of the Campbell Scientific CR1000 data acquisition system reporting over the radio telemetry network and provides
images in near-real-time
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
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Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-6. These FA-128 (Slough 8A) images from ESCFA128-29 displays a side channel on the left hand side of the
image view and a junction at the top of the side channel leading down to Slough 8a on the right. The top image was
taken in early winter on November 06, 2013. The bottom picture was taken during winter conditions on November 22,
2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the inlet and outlet, side channel, leaf-out and leaf-off timing,
riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
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Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-7. These FA-128 (Slough 8A) images from ESCFA128-30 display the upstream end of Slough 8A in late fall
conditions on October 04, 2013 (top) and early winter conditions on November 09, 2013 (bottom). Station camera
records images (empirical data) for the slough, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and
winter ice and snow cover conditions. The image direction is looking upstream.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 7
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-8. These FA-128 (Slough 8A) images from ESCFA128-31 display the location of the Slough 8A upper aquatic
transect near ESGFA128-7 in late fall on October 25, 2013 (top) and early winter conditions on November 09, 2013
(bottom). Station camera records images (empirical data) for the aquatic transect, slough and stream, leaf-out and leafoff timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions. The image direction is
looking upstream.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 8
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-9. This FA-128 (Slough 8A) image from ESCFA128-32 displays the upper riparian transect and station
ESCFA128-5 with trees instrumented with sap flow sensors in late fall conditions on October 10, 2013. Station camera
records images (empirical data) for the riparian transect and leaf-out and leaf-off timing.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 9
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-10. This FA-128 (Slough 8A) image from ESCFA128-34 displays a side channel with an inlet to an additional
side channel on the right side of the picture on November 03, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for
the riparian transect, inlet and outlet, main channel, side channel, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and leaf-out and
leaf-off timing.
Figure D-11. This FA-128 (Slough 8A) image from ESCFA128-36 displays a view looking at a side channel downstream
of the outlet of Slough 8A on November 03, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the outlet, side
channel, stream, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover
conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 10
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-12. This FA-115 (Slough 6A) image from ESCFA115-11 displays an unnamed stream recharged by
groundwater near ESGFA115-2 in early winter on November 03, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data)
for the riparian transect, stream, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and
snow cover conditions.
Figure D-13. This FA-115 (Slough 6A) image from ESCFA115-12 displays a view of a side channel, looking downstream
on November 03, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the riparian transect, side channel, leaf-out
and leaf-off timing, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 11
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-14. This FA-115 (Slough 6A) image from ESCFA115-13 displays Slough 6A and the outlet of the unnamed
stream flowing into the slough on November 02, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the slough
and stream, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Figure D-15. This FA-113 (Oxbow 1) image from ESCFA113-2 displays the inlet to the Oxbow 1 side channel, looking
across the mainstem channel on November 02, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the inlet, main
channel, side channel, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover
conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 12
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-16. This FA-113 (Oxbow 1) image from ESCFA113-3 displays the outlet of the Oxbow 1 side channel with the
mainstem channel in the background, looking downstream on October 31, 2013. Station camera records images
(empirical data) for the outlet, main channel, side channel, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice
interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Figure D-17. This FA-113 (Oxbow 1) image from ESCFA113-4 displays a view looking at the Oxbow 1 side channel and
unnamed stream flowing into the major bend in the side channel at the ESGFA113-1 station location on October 31,
2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the aquatic transect, side channel, slough and stream, leaf-out
and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 13
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-18. These FA-104 (Whiskers Creek) images from ESSFA104-1 display vegetation development and the
confluence of Whiskers Slough and Whiskers Creek, looking upstream during leaf-out on June 05, 2013 (top) and on
June 10, 2013 (bottom). Station camera records images (empirical data) for the inlet and outlet, slough, leaf-out and
leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions. This camera is part of
the Campbell Scientific CR1000 data acquisition system reporting over the radio telemetry network and provides
images in near-real-time.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 14
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-19. These FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) images from ESCFA104-16 display the outlet of Whiskers Slough and
side channel in the background, looking downstream in early winter on October 31, 2013 (top) and during early winter
ice jamming on November 22, 2013 (bottom). Station camera records images (empirical data) for the outlet, slough and
stream, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 15
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-20. These FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) images from ESCFA104-17 displays Whiskers Creek, just above the
confluence with Whiskers Slough, looking downstream in late fall conditions on October 31, 2013 (top) and after initial
early winter ice jamming on the mainstem on December 04, 2013 (bottom). Station camera records images (empirical
data) for the slough and stream, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and
snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 16
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-21. This FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) image from ESCFA104-18 displays Whiskers Creek, looking downstream
during late fall conditions on October 31, 2013. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the stream, leaf-out
and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 17
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-22. These FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) images from ESCFA104-19 display an outlet/inlet of Whiskers Slough
and Whiskers Side Channel, looking across and upstream at the mainstem channel in late fall on October 31, 2013 (top)
and in early winter before mainstem ice jamming on November 12, 2013 (bottom). Station camera records images
(empirical data) for the inlet/outlet, side channel, slough and stream, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice
interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 18
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-23. These FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) images from ESCFA104-20 display the Whiskers Side Channel, looking
downstream, at the upper outlet to Whiskers Slough, in the Slough 3A reach, in late fall on October 31, 2013 (top) and in
early winter on November 15, 2013 (bottom). The mainstem has not yet developed early winter ice jams. Station camera
records images (empirical data) for the side channel, leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions,
and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 19
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-24. These FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) images from ESCFA104-21 display a view looking upstream at the
upstream end of Whiskers Side Channel at the ESGFA104-10 station location during late fall on October 31, 2013 (top).
The bottom image shows early winter conditions on November 15, 2013. The mainstem has not yet developed early
winter ice jams. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the aquatic transect, main channel, side channel,
leaf-out and leaf-off timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 20
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure D-25. These FA-104 (Whiskers Slough) images from ESCFA104-22 display a view looking across the inlet/outlet
of Whiskers Slough, in the Slough 3B reach, and across the Whiskers Side Channel on October 31, 2013 (top). The
bottom image shows early winter conditions on November 4, 2013. The mainstem has not yet developed early winter ice
jams. Station camera records images (empirical data) for the inlet/outlet, side channel, slough, leaf-out and leaf-off
timing, riparian vegetation / ice interactions, and winter ice and snow cover conditions.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix D – Page 21
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
(FERC No. 14241)
Groundwater Study (7.5)
Appendix E
Level-Loop Survey and Survey Control Points
Examples
Initial Study Report
Prepared for
Alaska Energy Authority
Prepared by
Geo-Watersheds Scientific
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
APPENDIX E: LEVEL-LOOP SURVEY AND SURVEY CONTROL POINTS
EXAMPLES
The establishment and maintenance of survey control for hydrologic stations is important when
conducting hydrology studies. Multi-year studies require elevations control networks that are
accessible in summer and winter and maintain continuity of data accuracy over the multi-year
study period. This becomes more critical when groundwater/surface-water (GW/SW) interaction
studies are being conducted. Horizontal and vertical GW/SW gradients may frequently reverse
direction (transient interactions), resulting in periods with very flat gradients. As hydrologic
gradients become more flat, survey error can significantly change interpretations of the direction
and rate of groundwater flow, and exchanges with surface-water systems.
For this reason, horizontal and vertical survey control points were established using the methods
described in the Instream Flow Study (Section 8.5.4.1.1). The selected level-loop vertical
elevation surveys in this appendix provide an example of standardized QA/QC protocol for
measuring elevations with level-loop survey methods established for the Groundwater Study.
Level-loop surveys are conducted to measure water surface elevation and track water level
changes over time and to establish survey control. Examples of the F-001 Elevation Survey
Form have been provided, showing forms that have reached the status of quality control level 3
(QC3), the QC level at which data are reviewed by a Project team senior professional, checking
for logic, soundness, and adding qualifiers to results if warranted. A photo image of a survey
underway during a well installation to measure water levels to Project datum and accuracy
standards is also included.
Images of temporary benchmark (TBM) control points are displayed following the provided
examples of level-loop vertical elevation survey forms. Typically, three to four benchmarks are
used for an elevation control network at a groundwater or surface-water station. These
benchmarks ensure consistency and accuracy when level-loop surveys are conducted. This is a
more accurate method than using RTK surveying methods each year. The primary benefit of the
RTK surveying is the efficient initial establishment of Project datum at a local site in reference to
area-wide control networks. An excerpt of example control point coordinate data is included in
the last figure. The combination of these survey techniques provides a defensible approach to
surveying hydrology stations and features in arctic environments.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix E – Page 1
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure E-1. This image taken at FA104 (Whiskers Slough) depicts a survey underway during a well
installation to measure water levels to Project datum and accuracy standards on August 27, 2013.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix E – Page 2
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure E-2. This figure depicts an example F-001 Elevation Survey Form for GW Task 6 Riparian for FA138 (Gold Creek) station ESGFA138-7 conducted on September 04, 2013. This survey was conducted to
measure a water surface elevation. This example displays a form that has reached quality control level 3 (QC3), the
level at which data are reviewed by a Project team senior professional, checking for logic, soundness, and adding
qualifiers to results if warranted.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix E – Page 3
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure E-3. This figure depicts an example F-001 Elevation Survey Form for GW Task 6 Riparian for FA128 (Slough 8A) station ESGFA128-2 conducted on September 26, 2013. This survey was conducted to measure
water surface elevation. This example displays a form that has reached quality control level 3 (QC3), the level at
which data are reviewed by a Project team senior professional, checking for logic, soundness, and adding qualifiers
to results if warranted.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix E – Page 4
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure E-4. This figure depicts an example F-001 Elevation Survey Form for GW Task 6 Riparian for FA104 (Whiskers Slough) station ESGFA104-8 conducted on July 09, 2013. This survey was conducted to establish
an elevation survey control network at ESGFA104-8. This example displays a form that has reached quality control
level 3 (QC3), the level at which data are reviewed by a Project team senior professional, checking for logic,
soundness, and adding qualifiers to results if warranted.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix E – Page 5
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Figure E-5. This figure depicts example survey control points established at FA-128 (Slough 8A) for
conducting level-loop vertical elevation surveys. The top images illustrate elevation survey temporary benchmarks
(TBM) located on trees. The top right image displays TBM 2 at ESGFA128-13. The bottom image displays an
aluminum cap (Alcap) on rebar (TBM1) at ESGFA128-20. It is common for rebar TBMs to frost heave in winter, so
it is beneficial to use 3 to 4 points in trees or other solid features. TBMs also have to be found in the winter, which
becomes difficult when there is 3 to 6 feet of snow on the ground.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
Alaska Energy Authority
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix E – Page 6
February 2014 Draft
INITIAL STUDY REPORT
GROUNDWATER STUDY (7.5)
Groundwater Study
Control Point Coordinates RTK
Date of Survey: August 2013
Lead Technical Contact:
Steve Smith, Geovera, scsmith@gci.net, 907-399-4345
Last Update:
8/19/13
Last Update By:
Steve Smith
The following data is Final DRAFT
Horizontal data is WGS84/AKSP Zone 4 U.S. Survey Feet, Vertical data is NAVD88/Geoid09 (Feet)
Focus Area 104
Groundwater Study Control Points
Point No.
30418
30419
30420
30421
30422
30423
30424
30425
30427
30428
30429
30431
30432
30433
30435
30436
30437
30438
30439
30440
30441
30442
30443
Latitude
62.3744469920
62.3744480610
62.3761950050
62.3762172670
62.3762850540
62.3762860130
62.3762572150
62.3761894270
62.3768392480
62.3767573610
62.3768034340
62.3769993660
62.3768812060
62.3768417120
62.3781707000
62.3780994890
62.3781003030
62.3780629040
62.3781660290
62.3782369420
62.3786350080
62.3786267210
62.3787823630
Longitude
150.1683474340
150.1683481590
150.1696798130
150.1699588940
150.1705566030
150.1709339520
150.1709094430
150.1707793630
150.1696435520
150.1693425750
150.1697220640
150.1701461570
150.1713599770
150.1714261430
150.1701921040
150.1703813870
150.1702863570
150.1701647780
150.1705874170
150.1709999130
150.1718091300
150.1719039900
150.1721401330
Northing
3059916.9590
3059917.3500
3060556.6530
3060564.9170
3060589.9680
3060590.4880
3060579.9480
3060555.1050
3060792.1830
3060762.1100
3060779.1240
3060850.9490
3060808.2920
3060793.8820
3061279.2290
3061253.2780
3061253.5330
3061239.8050
3061277.6980
3061303.8100
3061449.7140
3061446.7270
3061503.7390
Easting
Elevation
Descriptor
1611834.7670
376.97 WS-10 TBM 10
1611834.6450
376.88 WS-10 MW1 OG
1611610.2340
377.73 ESGFA104-9 MW4 OG
1611562.8760
373.96 ESGFA104-9 W3 OG
1611461.4690
373.04 ESGFA104-9 W2 OG
1611397.4080
380.10 ESGFA104-9 W1 OG
1611401.5410
381.17 ESGFA104-9 SITE OG
1611423.5590
380.03 ESGFA104-9 TBM1
1611617.0080
378.69 ESGFA104-1 TBM10
1611668.0250
377.12 ESGFA104-1 SITE OG
1611603.6450
377.46 ESGFA104-1 TOP BANK
1611531.8370
374.82 WS-30 OG
1611325.6590
375.57 WC 10 TBM10
1611314.3880
374.81 WC 10 OG
1611525.1640
377.08 ESGFA104-5 TBM4
1611492.9630
377.27 ESGFA104-5 MW1 OG
1611509.0960
378.87 ESGFA104-5 SITE OG
1611529.6990
375.61 ESGFA104-5 TOP BANK 1
1611458.0520
374.20 ESGFA104-5 TOP BANK 2
1611388.0960
376.81 ESGFA104-13 TBM10
1611251.1120
379.86 ESMFA104-2 TBM10
1611235.0010
379.57 ESMFA104-2 SITE OG
1611195.0660
379.45 ESMFA104-2 MW1 OG
Figure E-6. An example of RTK control point coordinates compiled and updated in August 2013.
Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project
FERC Project No. 14241
Appendix E – Page 7
Alaska Energy Authority
February 2014 Draft