USER GUIDE
Publication AP8810
CONTENTS
Thank you for purchasing your Allen & Heath XB-10 mixer. To ensure
that you get the maximum benefit from the unit please spare a few
minutes familiarizing yourself with the controls and setup procedures
outlined in this user guide. For further information please refer to the
additional information available on our web site, or contact our technical
support team.
http://www.allen-heath.com
http://www.allen-heath.com/xb
Warranty ..............................................
Packed Items ........................................
Safety Instructions ..............................
Panel Drawings ....................................
Introduction to XB-10.......................
Specifications .......................................
Dimensions ..........................................
Block Diagram .....................................
Mono Input Channel ..........................
TELCO Channel .................................
Stereo Input Channels .......................
Outputs .................................................
Output Selection ................................
Master Section ....................................
Remote Interface Connector ..........
Connecting to a Computer..............
Application Diagram - Self Op.........
Application Diagram - Studio...........
Application tip : VOIP caller ............
Wiring notes ........................................
Product Support .................................
Allen & Heath
3
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XB-10 User Guide
Limited One Year Warranty
This product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or
workmanship for period of one year from the date of purchase by the
original owner.
To ensure a high level of performance and reliability for which this
equipment has been designed and manufactured, read this User Guide
before operating. In the event of a failure, notify and return the
defective unit to ALLEN & HEATH Limited or its authorised agent as
soon as possible for repair under warranty subject to the following
conditions
Conditions Of Warranty
The equipment has been installed and operated in accordance with the
instructions in this User Guide.
The equipment has not been subject to misuse either intended or
accidental, neglect, or alteration other than as described in the User
Guide or Service Manual, or approved by ALLEN & HEATH.
Any necessary adjustment, alteration or repair has been carried out by
ALLEN & HEATH or its authorised agent.
This warranty does not cover fader wear and tear.
The defective unit is to be returned carriage prepaid to ALLEN &
HEATH or its authorised agent with proof of purchase.
Units returned should be packed to avoid transit damage.
In certain territories the terms may vary. Check with your ALLEN &
HEATH agent for any additional warranty which may apply.
This product complies with the European Electromagnetic Compatibility directive 2004/108/EC
and the European Low Voltage directive 2006/95/EC.
This product has been tested to EN55103 Parts 1 & 2 2009 for use in
Environments E1, E2, E3, and E4 to demonstrate compliance with the
protection requirements in the European EMC directive 2004/108/EC.
During some tests the specified performance figures of the product were
affected. This is considered permissible and the product has been passed as
acceptable for its intended use. Allen & Heath has a strict policy of
ensuring all products are tested to the latest safety and EMC standards.
Customers requiring more information about EMC and safety issues can
contact Allen & Heath.
NOTE: Any changes or modifications to the console not approved by
Allen & Heath could void the compliance of the console and therefore the
users authority to operate it.
Allen & Heath XB-10 User Guide AP8810 Issue 2
Copyright © 2012 Allen & Heath Limited. All rights reserved
Allen & Heath Limited
Kernick Industrial Estate, Penryn, Cornwall, TR10 9LU, UK
http://www.allen-heath.com
Allen & Heath
4
XB-10 User Guide
PACKED ITEMS
Check that you have received the following:
Mic
Mic
Mic
Line
Line
Line
L
L
L
AUX OUT
R
R
R
ALT OUT
L
L
L
R
R
R
USB
USB IN L
0
30
20
0
30
20
5
0
GAIN
30
GAIN
GAIN
USB IN R
10
20
60 40
- 10 10
COMP
HPF
60 40
- 10 10
60 40
- 10 10
COMP
-1O
26
TEL IN
USB
COMP
HPF
HPF
HPF
0
0
HF
HF
-15
500
HF
-15
+15
1k
650
500
200
500
200
f
2k
120
4k
2k
f
120
4k
120
-15
-15
+15
-15
LF
+15
-15
+15
-15
AUX
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
LF
-15
LF
-15
+15
-15
+15
+15
L R
PGM
AUX
AUX
AUX
0
AUX
0
AUX
0
0
0
+6
+6
+6
+6
+6
+6
+6
PRE
PRE
PRE
PRE
PRE
PRE
PRE
PAN
PAN
L
-20
R
-30
PAN
L
-20
-10
LEV
R
-30
PK !
PK !
0
MIN
MAX
+6
-10
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
0
PK !
PFL
SIG
AUX
MASTER
-30
PK !
ST1
R
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
L
-20
-10
-30
PK !
T1
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
L
BAL
L
-20
-10
0
PK !
M3
R
LEV
-30
PFL
SIG
BAL
L
-20
-10
-30
PK !
M2
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
L
-20
-10
0
PFL
M1
R
LEV
-30
0
BAL
PAN
L
-20
-10
LEV
-10
AUX-MONO
+15
0
-20
-30
+15
0
LF
CLF SCE
PGM
AUX
-15
AUX
0
SIG
LF
-15
+15
MAIN
PROG
LEVEL
PGM
RECORD OUT
SOURCE
HF
HF
+15
TALK
LF
+15
L R
HF
-15
+16
+9
+6
+3
0
-3
-6
-9
-12
-16
-20
-30
CLF-TELCO
AUX-ALT
80Hz
4k
5
-15
+15
+15
3k
MID
-15
+15
LF
2k
3k
MID
0
5
5
-15
-15
+15
1k
650
200
f
3k
MID
HF
12kHz
-15
+15
1k
650
Operator
Phones
Guest
Phones
-5
OPERATOR
PHONES SELECT
20
GUEST
PHONES SELECT
0
GAIN
ST2
PFL
SIG
ST3
XB-10 MIXER
Mains Lead (or leads)
Check that the correct
mains plug is fitted.
This User Guide
Type A-B USB Lead
To connect the XB-10 to
your computer.
Allen & Heath
5
XB-10 User Guide
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING -
Read the following before proceeding :
CAUTION
ATTENTION: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE – NE PAS OUVRIR
Read instructions:
Retain these safety and operating instructions for future reference. Adhere to all warnings printed
here and on the console. Follow the operating instructions printed in this User Guide.
Do not remove cover:
Operate the console with its covers correctly fitted.
Power sources:
Connect the console to a mains power unit only of the type described in this User Guide and marked
on the rear panel. Use the power cord with sealed mains plug appropriate for your local mains supply as provided with the console. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet consult your service
agent for assistance.
Power cord routing:
Route the power cord so that it is not likely to be walked on, stretched or pinched by items placed
upon or against it.
Grounding:
Do not defeat the grounding and polarisation means of the power cord plug. Do not remove or tamper with the ground connection in the power cord.
!
WARNING: This equipment must be earthed.
Water and moisture:
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock do not expose the console to rain or moisture or use it in
damp or wet conditions. Do not place containers of liquids on it which might spill into any openings.
Ventilation:
Do not obstruct the ventilation slots or position the console where the air flow required for ventilation
is impeded. If the console is to be operated in a rack unit or flightcase ensure that it is constructed to
allow adequate ventilation.
Heat and vibration:
Do not locate the console in a place subject to excessive heat or direct sunlight as this could be a fire
hazard. Locate the console away from any equipment which produces heat or causes excessive vibration.
Servicing:
Switch off the equipment and unplug the power cord immediately if it is exposed to moisture, spilled
liquid, objects fallen into the openings, the power cord or plug become damaged, during lightening
storms, or if smoke, odour or noise is noticed. Refer servicing to qualified technical personnel only.
Installation:
Install the console in accordance with the instructions printed in this User Guide. Do not connect the
output of power amplifiers directly to the console. Use audio connectors and plugs only for their
intended purpose.
Allen & Heath
6
XB-10 User Guide
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Important Mains plug wiring instructions
The console is supplied with a moulded mains plug fitted to the AC
mains power lead. Follow the instructions below if the mains plug has to
be replaced. The wires in the mains lead are coloured in accordance
with the following code:
TERMINAL
!
WIRE COLOUR
European
USA/Canada
L
LIVE
BROWN
BLACK
N
NEUTRAL
BLUE
WHITE
E
EARTH GND
GREEN & YELLOW
GREEN
The wire which is coloured Green and Yellow must be connected to the
terminal in the plug which is marked with the letter E or with the Earth symbol. This appliance must be earthed.
The wire which is coloured Blue must be connected to the terminal in the
plug which is marked with the letter N.
The wire which is coloured Brown must be connected to the terminal in the
plug which is marked with the letter L.
Ensure that these colour codes are followed carefully in the event of the
plug being changed.
General Precautions:
Damage :
Environment :
Cleaning :
Transporting :
Hearing :

Allen & Heath
To prevent damage to the controls and cosmetics avoid placing heavy objects
on the control surface, scratching the surface with sharp objects, or rough
handling and vibration.
Protect from excessive dirt, dust, heat and vibration when operating and storing. Avoid tobacco ash, smoke, drinks spillage, and exposure to rain and moisture. If the console becomes wet, switch off and remove mains power immediately. Allow to dry out thoroughly before using again.
Avoid the use of chemicals, abrasives or solvents. The control panel is best
cleaned with a soft brush and dry lint-free cloth. The faders, switches and potentiometers are lubricated for life. The use of electrical lubricants on these
parts is not recommended. The fader and potentiometer knobs may be removed for cleaning with a warm soapy solution. Rinse and allow to dry fully
before refitting them.
The console may be transported as a free-standing unit or mounted in a rack
or flightcase. Protect the controls from damage during transit. Use adequate
packing if you need to ship the unit.
To avoid damage to your hearing do not operate any sound system at excessively high volume. This applies particularly to close-to-ear monitoring such as
headphones and in-ear systems. Continued exposure to high volume sound
can cause frequency selective or wide range hearing loss.
7
XB-10 User Guide
PANEL DRAWINGS
OFF
ON
LIMITER R
ON
ON
CAUTION
OFF
OFF
REC OUT
MON OUT
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
GROUND CANCEL
GROUND CANCEL
DO NOT OPEN
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
AVIS: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE - NE PAS OUVRIR.
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED
Laite on liitettävä suojamaadoituskoskettimilla varustettuun pistorasiaan
CET APPAREIL DOIT ETRE MIS A LA TERRE
Apparatet må tilkoples jordet stikkontakt
Apparaten skall anslutas till jordat uttag
OFF
ON
LIMITER L REMOTE
LIMITER
THRESHOLD
OFF
ON
0
I
AC MAINS IN ~
ALLEN&HEATH
100 - 240V~ 47-63Hz 22W
ENGINEERED IN ENGLAND BY ALLEN & HEATH LIMITED.
CONFORMS TO ANSI/UL STD. 60065-2003
CERTIFICATED TO CAN/CSA STD. 60065-03
MADE IN CHINA
Mic
Mic
Mic
Line
Line
Line
L
L
L
AUX
R
R
R
ALT
L
L
Serial No.
USB
L
USB IN L
0
30
20
0
30
20
0
GAIN
30
GAIN
GAIN
5
USB IN R
10
60 40
- 10 10
- 10 10
60 40
COMP
COMP
HPF
HPF
60 40
-1O
R
R
20
- 10 10
HF
COMP
HPF
-15
500
-15
+15
1k
650
HF
500
200
HPF
f
2k
f
MID
500
2k
3k
120
4k
MID
4k
f
-15
-15
+15
1k
650
+15
MID
L R
HF
TALK
+15
-15
LF
+15
LF
-15
+15
+15
0
0
PRE
L
-20
PRE
R
PK !
PK !
Allen & Heath
M1
SIG
PK !
M2
PK !
M3
SIG
T1
-10
-30
PK !
ST1
8
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
0
PK !
PFL
SIG
0
+6
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
L
-20
-10
-30
PK !
AUX
MASTER
PRE
R
LEV
0
PFL
R
BAL
L
-20
-10
0
0
PRE
R
LEV
-30
PFL
SIG
L R
+6
BAL
L
-20
-10
-30
0
PFL
PRE
R
LEV
0
+6
BAL
L
-20
-10
0
PFL
PRE
R
LEV
-30
0
+15
AUX
0
L
AUX-MONO
-15
+15
AUX
+6
PAN
L
-20
-10
-30
-15
+15
0
PRE
R
LEV
-15
+6
PAN
L
-20
-10
-30
LF
PGM
+6
PAN
PAN
LF
AUX
0
+6
-10
0
LF
PGM
AUX
AUX
-20
-30
+15
+15
AUX
+6
-15
+15
CLF SCE
-15
AUX
LEV
+15
LF
-15
AUX
SIG
-15
-15
+15
MAIN
PROG
LEVEL
PGM
RECORD OUT
SOURCE
HF
+15
-15
-15
+15
+15
HF
-15
4k
+16
+9
+6
+3
0
-3
-6
-9
-12
-16
-20
-30
CLF-TELCO
-15
AUX-ALT
+15
80Hz
3k
120
5
5
-15
LF
2k
3k
120
5
12kHz
200
0
0
HF
-15
+15
1k
650
200
R
26
TEL IN
USB
0
HF
Operator
Phones
Guest
Phones
-5
OPERATOR
PHONES SELECT
20
GUEST
PHONES SELECT
0
GAIN
ST2
PFL
SIG
ST3
XB-10 User Guide
INTRODUCTION TO THE XB-10
Background overview
The Allen & Heath XB-10 mixer has been carefully and lovingly designed in the beautiful county of Cornwall in the UK and is manufactured alongside a wide range of professional audio mixing consoles. Many of the components used in the XB-10 are exactly the same
as in the larger Allen & Heath products and the construction methods are also very similar — utilising individual vertically mounted
channel circuit boards with each rotary control fixed with a metal nut to the front panel. This provides a very robust product that will
resist damage and give years of reliable use. It also makes servicing much easier should it be required, with the ability to remove one
particular channel from the mixer at a time.
The audio circuitry is based on years of continual development and refinement , the performance of all the elements within the mixer
scrutinised and perfected to ensure the very best sound quality possible.
Multi-application:
The XB-10 is great for a range of applications from small radio or internet broadcast studios, or for larger studios with multiple
rooms, for hospital radio, university radio and community radio broadcast applications. The XB-10 has a wealth of features specifically
designed for broadcasters, things like a dedicated telco channel for telephone callers, mic channel on switch sensing for switching
external equipment and internal automatic muting of the speaker outputs, stereo channel start/cue outputs for CD deck transport
control, separate headphones mix & outputs for a guest, built in mic compressors and output limiters…. The list goes on!
Mic/Line Pre-amps:
Based on the pre-amps from the Mixwizard series, The XB-10 pre-amps use low noise discrete transistor circuitry to achieve high gain
(60dB max), low noise and good linearity.
Compressors
Each mic channel has its own compressor to constrain the dynamic range from the microphone inputs if required. Low level signals are
given a gain boost. Mid level signals are mildly compressed with a soft knee response. High level signals are limited. This automatic
compression is activated with a simple switch and indicator LED to show the level of compression.
EQ
The XB-10 is equipped with a 3-band equaliser circuit on each mono input and a 2-band EQ on the Telco & stereo channels. The frequency and response of each has been carefully chosen to give the maximum performance when using the EQ on a variety of sources.
Output Limiter
The main outputs on the XB-10 are equipped with a variable limiter to ensure that the final mix to air does not exceed a pre defined
level. Back panel option switches allow the limiter to be selected or bypassed. A trim pot is used to vary the threshold. There is also
an LED on the front panel that indicates when the limiter has triggered.
Telco channel
The XB-10 has a dedicated TELCO input channel with a mix-minus return feed. The mix-minus feed can be sent from the main program mix or using a separate aux mix. There is a talk button where an off-air conversation can be held with the caller using a user
selected comms mic channel.
By Selecting the USB input, the telco channel can be used directly from the USB connection and callers can be accessed via Skype or
similar VOIP applications. This means the use of costly hybrid units, that would normally be used to connect to the telephone system,
can be avoided.
AUX / ALT bus
The XB-10 has 2 mono buses that can be used for external processing, effects, recording or auditioning.
Remote Control
The XB-10 has a 25 way D connector on its rear panel to allow a number of extra functions.
The mic and telco channels have ON switch logic that can be used to remotely control external equipment, they can also be muted
from an external “cough” switch or similar.
The stereo channels have start and cue logic outputs that can be used to operate external equipment such as CD players. Power for
remote circuitry is also available on the rear panel and a post-fade program output is available for metering.
Allen & Heath
9
XB-10 User Guide
INTRODUCTION TO THE XB-10
USB
Getting audio to and from a computer easily is now a common requirement for sound and music production and broadcast applications. The way we have implemented this on XB-10 is super-flexible and super-easy! No longer do you need to fiddle around the
back of your computer to get to the soundcard inputs, only to find that the levels are all wrong and noisy. Just plug in a USB lead to
your XB-10, select the USB routing on the mixer and the device on your computer and that’s it! Quality audio to and from your PC
or MAC.
The USB connection can be used for VOIP telephone calls, Recording program material, playing jingles etc.
Guest Headphones
The XB-10 has a dedicated headphone socket for studio guests with its own routing matrix. Guests can be fed the main program mix
or a bespoke mix via the AUX bus. There is also a talk button to communicate off air via the user selected comms mic channel.
Output Matrix
Both the operator and guest headphone outputs have an output matrix with additive feeds. This means that the operator could, for
example, listen to a mix of the main program feed and an external monitor input.
Electronically Balanced Outputs
The main program outputs are from XLRs with an electronically balanced output circuit. The phono outputs have a ground cancelled
earth return to ensure low noise and provide some isolation from equipment with a noisy earth such as laptop computers.
Self operation or Producer operated:
Whether you need a mixer for a self operated broadcast situation, or whether you have a separate studio and engineer, the XB-10
has the features to fit. Separate monitor mixes can be created for operator and guests or presenter so the engineer can check levels
and cue sources while the presenter or guest can listen to a different source. The engineer/producer can communicate to the guest
or presenter using the Talk feature, as well as off-air communication to telephone callers.
There is also the facility for remote control of channel mutes from the studio using the remote interface connectors, ideal for studio
situated mute switches.
Allen & Heath
10
XB-10 User Guide
SPECIFICATIONS
Operating Levels
Input
Mono channel Mic input (XLR)
-10 to -60dBu for nominal (+11dBu in max)
Mono channel Line input (TRS Jack socket)
+10 to -40dBu (+30dBu maximum)
Stereo input (TRS Jack sockets)
0dBu nominal (control = Off to +15dB)
Stereo input (RCA phono sockets)
0dBu nominal (control = Off to +15dB)
Telco channel input (TRS)
+10 to -26dBu (+30dBu maximum)
External monitor input (RCA phono sockets)
0dBu Nominal
Output
PGM L & R outputs (XLR)
+4dBu nominal. +25dBu maximum.
PGM L & R inserts (TRS jack sockets)
-2dBu nominal. +21dBu maximum
Aux output (RCA phono socket)
0dBu nominal. +21dBu maximum.
Alt output (RCA phono socket)
0dBu nominal. +21dBu maximum.
Rec outputs (RCA phono sockets)
0dBu nominal. +21dBu maximum.
Telco cleanfeed output (TRS Jack socket)
0dBu nominal. +21dBu maximum.
CRM Speaker outputs (RCA phono sockets)
0dBu nominal. +21dBu maximum.
THD+n
Mic in to PGM L/R Out, 15dB gain, 1kHz, +10dBu out
0.002%
Mic in to PGM L/R Out, 30dB gain, 1kHz, 0dBu out
0.006%
Line in to PGM L/R out, 0dB gain, 1kHz, 0dBu out
0.005%
Telco in to PGM L/R out, 0dB gain, 1kHz, 0dBu out
0.004%
Stereo in to PGM out, 0dB gain, 1kHz, +10dBu out
0.002%
USB Audio CODEC (Coder/Decoder)
USB Audio In/Out
USB 1.1 compliant 16bit.
Sample Rate
32, 44.1, or 48kHz
Noise
Mic Pre EIN @ max gain 150R input Z
PGM out, PGM fader = 0,
-126dBu
22-22kHz
Aux out, Alt out, Rec out = 0,
Allen & Heath
22-22kHz
-103dBu
22-22kHz
< -93dBu
11
XB-10 User Guide
SPECIFICATIONS
Headroom
Analogue Headroom from nominal (0Vu) Outputs
21dB
Analogue Headroom from nominal (0Vu) Mix point
24dB
USB in & out headroom from nominal (0Vu)
14dB
Crosstalk & Attenuation (dB 22-22kHz)
Mono fader attenuation (dB relative to +10dBu) 1kHz/10kHz
-88/-88
Mono ON switch attenuation (dB relative to +10dBu) 1kHz/10kHz
-98/-98
TELCO fader attenuation (dB relative to +10dBu) 1kHz/10kHz
-90/-90
TELCO ON switch attenuation (dB relative to +10dBu) 1kHz/10kHz
-98/-98
Stereo fader attenuation (dB relative to +10dBu) 1kHz/10kHz
-86/-86
Stereo ON switch attenuation (dB relative to +10dBu) 1kHz/10kHz
-99/-96
PGM fader attenuation (dB relative to +10dBu) 1kHz/10kHz
-87/-87
TELCO clean-feed isolation from I/P (dB relative to +10dBu) 1kHz/10kHz
-94/-77
Stereo separation, L in to PGM R out. dBr 1kHz/10kHz
-75/-74
Frequency Response
Mic in to PGM L/R Out, 30dB gain
+0.5/-1dB 10Hz to 30kHz
Line in to PGM L/R out 0dB gain
+0.5/-1dB 10Hz to 20kHz
Stereo in to PGM L/R out
+0.5/-1dB 10Hz to 30kHz
Allen & Heath
12
XB-10 User Guide
Dimensions
Mic
Mic
Mic
Line
Line
Line
L
L
L
AUX
R
R
R
ALT
L
L
USB
L
USB IN L
0
30
GAIN
20
0
30
20
GAIN
GAIN
0
GAIN
30
5
USB IN R
10
60 40
- 10 10
- 10 10
60 40
COMP
COMP
HPF
HPF
60 40
-1O
R
R
HF
COMP
HPF
-15
-15
+15
650
1k
500
HF
HPF
0
500
200
2k
120
4k
2k
f
MID
4k
+15
MID
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
PRE
L
-20
PRE
R
PK !
M1
PK !
M2
PK !
M3
T1
R
L
-20
-10
LEV
ST1
MIN
MAX
+6
-10
-30
PK !
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
0
PK !
PFL
SIG
0
MASTER
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
R
PRE
-30
PK !
L
BAL
0
PFL
AUX
+6
PRE
L
-20
-10
0
SIG
+6
R
LEV
-30
PFL
SIG
L R
0
BAL
L
-20
-10
-30
0
PFL
SIG
+15
AUX
0
PRE
R
LEV
-10
AUX-MONO
-15
+15
AUX
BAL
L
-20
-10
0
PFL
-15
+15
0
PRE
R
LEV
-30
0
LF
+6
PAN
L
-20
-10
-30
PK !
PRE
R
LEV
-15
AUX
+6
PAN
L
-20
-10
-30
LF
0
+6
PAN
LF
PGM
AUX
0
-20
-30
+15
+15
+6
PAN
-15
+15
0
PGM
AUX
AUX
+6
-15
+15
MAIN
PROG
LEVEL
PGM
RECORD OUT
SOURCE
HF
CLF SCE
0
0
LEV
+15
LF
AUX
AUX
SIG
-15
LF
+15
L R
TALK
-15
AUX-ALT
+15
-15
LF
+15
HF
HF
-15
4k
+16
+9
+6
+3
0
-3
-6
-9
-12
-16
-20
-30
CLF-TELCO
-15
+15
80Hz
3k
120
5
-15
LF
2k
3k
120
0
5
5
-15
-15
+15
650
1k
200
f
3k
MID
500
200
f
HF
12kHz
-15
+15
650
1k
R
26
TEL IN
USB
0
HF
Operator
Phones
Guest
Phones
-5
20
- 10 10
OPERATOR
PHONES SELECT
20
GUEST
PHONES SELECT
0
ST2
PFL
SIG
ST3
95mm (3.7 inches)
336mm (13.2 inches)
275mm (10.8 inches)
Weight
XB-10
Unpacked
3.4 kg (7.5 lb)
Packed
4.6 kg (10.1 lb)
A rack mounting kit is available for XB-10. The part number is: XB-10-RK19
Allen & Heath
13
XB-10 User Guide
BLOCK DIAGRAM
MIC IN
LINE IN
TELCO IN
PP
+48V
HPF
100Hz
HPF
COMPRESS
HF
HM
MONO CHANNEL
TALK SELECTION
FACTORY SET TO M1
CAN BE CHANGED
AT SERVICE CENTRE
LF
HF
METER
PEAK
SIGNAL
PEAK
SIGNAL
LEVEL
METER
LEVEL
TELCO
PFL
PFL
REMOTE MUTE
ON
REMOTE MUTE
ON
OPTION
OPTION
PRE
PRE
AUX
AUX
AUX
ALT
AUX
MONO PGM
R INSERT
L INSERT
XB-10 BLOCK DIAGRAM
PAN
PAN
BAL
PRE
AUX
SET THRESHOLD
LIMITER
PGM
PRE
AUX - MONO
CLF - TELCO
GAIN
USB
RETURN
PRIORITY SWITCHING
PGM
PRE
AUX - ALT
CLF - TELCO
LIMITER ON
LIMITER
CLF+COMMS
TELCO
AUX
ALT
CLF+COMMS
TELCO
PGM
PRE
PRIORITY SWITCHING
PFL ACTIVE
MONITOR
LEVEL
AUX
ALT
USB IN
PGM
MICS MUTE MONITOR
EXT CRM MUTE
MUTE
GUEST
MIC MIX
PGM
POST
USB DEVICE
L
R
+4dBu
MAIN PGM
OUT
ALT
AUX
MON
OUT
METERS
REC
OUT
R
L
OPERATOR
PHONES
OPERATOR
R
L
USB STEREO I/O
OPTION
GROUND
CANCEL
GUEST
HEADPHONES
GROUND
CANCEL
GROUND
CANCEL
PFL
TALKBACK
ALT
AUX
TALK
TO GUEST
ADDITIVE MIXING (OPTION FOR PRIORITY SWITCHING)
PGM
POST
MONITOR IN
OPERATOR PHONES SELECT
AUX
MONO PGM
MONITOR IN
GUEST PHONES SELECT
MON IN
AUX
PGM
USB IN
ADDITIVE MIXING (OPTION FOR PRIORITY SWITCHING)
PGM
POST
USB RETURN
ALT
USB RETURN
MON IN
PFL
ON
AUX
AUX
PEAK
SIGNAL
1
14
OPTION
MONO PGM - T
METER
LEVEL
PULSE LOW = START
PULSE LOW = STOP
25 WAY D CONNECTOR
REMOTE INTERFACE
SWITCH
LOGIC
AUX - T
MIC MIX
3 BAND EQUALISER
LF
MONO CHANNEL
GLOBAL 48V SWITCH
100Hz
Phantom Power
GAIN
+
-
GAIN
USB RETURN (LEFT CH)
+
-
TALK
2 BAND EQUALISER
HF
13
2 BAND EQUALISER
LF
M1 MUTE INPUT
M2 MUTE INPUT
M3 MUTE INPUT
TELCO MUTE INPUT
GND
+15V
+10V
SIGNAL GND
-15V
MIC COMMS MIX
LEFT METER
RIGHT METER
25
STEREO CHANNEL
CLEANFEED SOURCE
COMMS MIC INPUT
CLEANFEED + COMMS
GAIN
TELCO CHANNEL
CLF+COMMS
ST3b
USB RTN
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
REMOTE INTERFACE
M1 ON LOGIC
M2 ON LOGIC
M3 ON LOGIC
TELCO ON LOGIC
CNTRL ROOM MUTE INPUT
GND
ST1 START PULSE
ST1 STOP PULSE
ST2 START PULSE
ST2 STOP PULSE
ST3 START PULSE
ST3 STOP PULSE
GND
MON IN
CLF OUT
ST1b
Monitor in
L
R
L
ST1a, ST2, ST3a
R
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
XB-10 User Guide
14
Allen & Heath
MONO INPUT CHANNEL
Mic Input Socket
Standard 3-Pin XLR socket wired as Pin 1=Chassis, Pin 2=hot
(+), Pin 3=Cold (-).
Line Input Jack Socket
Standard 1/4” (6.25mm) Jack socket for balanced or unbalanced line
level signals. Wired Tip=Hot(+), Ring=cold (-), Sleeve=Chassis.
The Line input connects to the XLR input via a pad, so be aware
that the two signals will add together if both inputs are plugged in
simultaneously.
Mic
Line
L
Gain Control
0
This adjusts the gain of the input amplifier to match the signal level
of the source. The gain is varied from +10dB to +60dB for signals
plugged in to the XLR socket (Mic Input) and –10dB to +40dB for
signals plugged into the Line input jack.
20
30
GAIN
G
Compressor
This enables the compressor which is optimised to reduce the dynamic range of a presenter microphone. Low level signals are given
a 10dB gain boost, Soft knee compression activates at -20dBu. Higher level signals are limited.
60 40
- 10 10
COMP
The LED gives an indication of the amount of compression by modulating with the signal level.
HPF
dBu
10.00
0.00
100Hz Hi-pass Filter
The Hi-pass filter is used for reducing pop noise and
rumble from microphone signals. It is a 2-pole filter with
a corner frequency set at 100Hz.
The filter affects signals from both Mic XLR and Line jack
socket.
-10.00
-20.00
-30.00
dBr
10.00
-40.00
0.00
-50.00
-50.00 dBu
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
10.00
20.00
-10.00
-20.00
-30.00
-40.00
-50.00
10.00 Hz
Allen & Heath
100.00
1000.00
10000.00
30000.00
15
XB-10 User Guide
MONO INPUT CHANNEL
HF EQ
The HF (High Frequency) equaliser affects the frequency response of the higher
audible frequencies. The corner frequency of 12kHz is around 3dB from the
maximum cut or boost of the circuit. It has plenty of gain and actually gives
slightly more that the +/-15dB legend suggests.
dBr
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
-5.00
-10.00
HF
-15.00
-20.00
10.00 Hz
-15
500
650
+15
1k
200
f
2k
3k
MID
120
4k
100.00
1000.00
10000.00
30000.00
MF EQ
The MF (Mid Frequency) equaliser affects the middle of the audible frequency
range. The frequency graduations on the sweep control are the centre frequencies of the EQ. The range has been carefully chosen to cover “boomy”
frequencies around 120Hz to 250Hz which may need cutting back, or a lift at
2 to 3kHz may be required for microphone intelligibility.
dBr
20.00
-15
+15
LF
15.00
10.00
5.00
-15
+15
0.00
-5.00
-10.00
-15.00
-20.00
LF EQ
The LF (Low Frequency) equaliser
affects the response at the low end of
the audio range. The graph shows the
response of the LF EQ at maximum
cut and boost. The corner frequency
is 80Hz.
10.00 Hz
100.00
1000.00
10000.00
30000.00
10.00 Hz
100.00
1000.00
10000.00
30000.00
dBr
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
-5.00
-10.00
-15.00
-20.00
Allen & Heath
16
XB-10 User Guide
MONO INPUT CHANNEL
AUX
This control sends a signal to the auxiliary bus. The signal is sourced prefade (and pre ON switch) or post-fade (and post ON switch) depending on
the PRE switch position. The send control varies the signal level to the bus
from off (fully attenuated) to +6dB, with unity gain at the arrow.
PAN
The pan control adjusts how the signal from the mono input channel is shared between the left and right sides of the PGM bus. Set to the mid position, equal amounts
of signal are fed to left and right, with pan set to L, none is sent to the Right bus.
AUX
0
+6
PRE
Level
This control adjusts the level of the channel signal to the left & right PGM bus, ALT
bus and post fade Aux.
With the pot fully clockwise, the channel has unity gain.
PAN
L
-20
R
-10
LEV
-30
0
PK !
PFL
SIG
M1
ON Switch
This mechanically latching switch operates the channel mute circuitry, turning the
signal to the PGM, ALT and Aux buses on or off.
With the button depressed the signal is routed to the PGM bus and the pre/post
AUX bus. With the button up the signal is routed to the ALT bus and the prefade
AUX bus.
The switch is illuminated green when pressed.
There is also a remote mute option wired to a D type connector on the rear panel.
When this is wired and operated the green ON LED is switched off, and the mute
circuit is activated, regardless of whether the ON switch is pressed. Also the ON
switch activates a logic output that can be used to control an 'ON AIR' light or similar.
PFL Switch
The PFL (Pre-Fade Listen) switch sends the channel signal to the PFL bus and subsequently to the headphones/CRM speakers and the main L R meters. Used for checking the audio signal before raising the level or pressing the ON switch.
SIGNAL & PEAK LEDs
The Signal LED illuminates when the pre-fader signal level is above –15dB.
The Peak LED illuminates and stays on for around 0.5 seconds when a peak level is detected
(pre-fader signal) within 5dB of clipping.
Allen & Heath
17
XB-10 User Guide
TELCO CHANNEL
TELCO IN
The Telephone Communication channel input 1/4” (6.25mm) Jack socket . Wired as
Tip=Hot (+), Ring=cold (-), Sleeve=Chassis.
CLF OUT
Standard 1/4” (6.25mm) Jack socket for the Clean-Feed output from the Telephone
Communication channel.
Wired Tip=Hot (+), Ring=cold (-), Sleeve=Chassis. Impedance balanced. Nominal level =
0dBu. (See next page for more information about the cleanfeed output).
TELCO Input Gain
The Telephone Communication channel input gain control. Varies the gain applied to
the TELCO input channel from –10dB to +26dB.
TELCO Input Selector
GAIN
0
5
10
With the switch in the up position, the channel input is from the TELCO IN jack for
use with a telephone hybrid system.
When the switch is depressed, the channel signal is routed from the USB connection
so that the TELCO channel can be used with a VOIP connection such as SKYPE.
-5
20
-1O
26
TEL IN
USB
HPF
HF
Similar to the mono input channel, a 12dB per octave 2-pole high pass filter used to
filter out any low frequency rumble or pops on the TELCO channel input.
TELCO Channel EQ
12kHz
-15
100Hz High Pass filter
+15
LF
The TELCO Channel EQ is 2 band with corner frequencies of
12kHz for the HF and 80Hz for the LF.
dBr
2 0.00
80Hz
1 5.00
-15
+15
1 0.00
5 .0 0
0 .0 0
-5 .0 0
-1 0 .0 0
-1 5 .0 0
-2 0 .0 0
1 0 .0 0 Hz
Allen & Heath
1 00 .0 0
1 0 0 0 .0 0
18
1 0 0 00 .0 0
3 0 0 0 0 .0 0
XB-10 User Guide
TELCO CHANNEL
TALK
The TALK switch enables the presenter or operator to communicate with the telephone caller with the presenters channel fader down so the presenters voice does
not go to the program mix.
The source for the TALK signal is one of the mono channels, pre-selected by links
set within the XB-10, the factory default is mono channel 1. The signal source is prefade and pre-mute on the selected mono channel.
TALK
CLF SCE
PGM
AUX
CLF SCE
The Clean-Feed Source switch selects the signal source for the TELCO output. In
the un-pressed position the signal will be the entire program (PGM) mix (pre main
PGM fader) but without the signal from the input on the TELCO channel, so the
caller does not hear any distracting echo of their voice.
If the switch is pressed, the TELCO output signal is sourced from the AUX bus, but
minus the AUX signal sent from the TELCO channel.
This is a really useful feature that can enable the operator to send a mix of signals
from different channels to the telephone caller using the AUX bus, the sources may
be on or off air because the sources for the AUX bus can be pre or post fader.
In addition, the AUX bus can be used for off-air audition or recording of an interview with a telephone caller (or callers), using pre-fade signals to the AUX bus for
later playback or editing for the broadcast.
AUX
0
+6
PRE
PAN
L
-20
R
-10
LEV
L
-30
0
AUX
PK !
PFL
SIG
T1
This control sends a signal to the auxiliary bus. The signal is sourced pre-fade (and
pre ON switch) or post-fade (and post ON switch) depending on the PRE switch
position. The send control varies the signal level to the bus from off (fully attenuated) to +6dB, with unity gain at the arrow.
PAN
The pan control adjusts how the signal from the TELCO input channel is shared
between the left and right sides of the PGM bus. Set to the mid position, equal
amounts of signal are fed to left and right, with pan set to L, none is sent to the
Right bus.
Allen & Heath
19
XB-10 User Guide
TELCO CHANNEL
TALK
CLF SCE
PGM
AUX
Level
This control adjusts the level of the channel signal to the left & right PGM bus,
ALT bus and post fade Aux.
With the pot fully clockwise, the channel has unity gain.
AUX
0
+6
PRE
PAN
L
-20
R
-10
LEV
-30
0
PK !
PFL
SIG
T1
L
ON Switch
This mechanically latching switch operates the channel mute circuitry, turning the
signal to the PGM, ALT and Aux buses on or off.
With the button depressed the signal is routed to the PGM bus and the pre/post
AUX bus. With the button up the signal is routed to the ALT bus and the prefade
AUX bus.
The switch is illuminated green when pressed.
There is also a remote mute option wired to a D type connector on the rear panel.
When this is wired and operated the green ON LED is switched off, and the mute
circuit is activated, regardless of whether the ON switch is pressed. Also the ON
switch activates a logic output that can be used to control an 'ON AIR' light or similar.
PFL Switch
The PFL (Pre-Fade Listen) switch sends the channel signal to the PFL bus and subsequently to the headphones/CRM speakers and the main L R meters. Used for
checking the audio signal before raising the level or un-muting the channel.
SIGNAL & PEAK LEDs
The Signal LED illuminates when the pre-fader signal level is above –15dB.
The Peak LED illuminates and stays on for around 0.5 seconds when a peak level is
detected (pre-fader signal) within 5dB of clipping.
Allen & Heath
20
XB-10 User Guide
STEREO INPUT CHANNELS
Monitor input / USB input
The monitor input is on standard RCA phono sockets and is commoned
with the ST1 inputs. This means that the monitor input will appear on the
ST1 channel if nothing is plugged in on the 1/4" channel jacks.
The USB input channel is commoned with the ST3 channel and works in
the same manner.
L
R
Stereo Channel Inputs
L
Standard 1/4” jack sockets for input signals to ST1 - 3.
Wired Tip=Hot(+), Ring=cold (-), Sleeve=Chassis.
Impedance balanced. Nominal input level = 0dBu.
Stereo input level control
R
For adjustment of the stereo input levels from fully attenuated to +15dB
of gain.
Stereo channel EQ
The stereo channel EQ is 2 band with corner frequencies of 12kHz for
the HF and 80Hz for the LF.
0
5
dBr
20.00
-15
15.00
+15
10.00
HF
5 .0 0
0 .0 0
-15
-5 .0 0
+15
-1 0 .0 0
LF
-1 5 .0 0
-2 0 .0 0
-15
1 0 .0 0 Hz
+15
1 00 .00
1 0 00 .00
10 0 00 .00
3 0 0 0 0 .0 0
AUX
AUX
0
+6
PRE
Allen & Heath
This control sends a signal to the auxiliary bus and is a combined sum of
the left and right stereo signals. The signal is sourced pre-fade (and pre
ON switch) or post-fade (and post ON switch) depending on the PRE
switch position. The send control varies the signal level to the bus from
off (fully attenuated) to +6dB, with unity gain at the arrow.
21
XB-10 User Guide
STEREO INPUT CHANNELS
BAL
The balance control adjusts the relative levels of the left & right signals in
the stereo input channel as they are sent to the PGM bus. Set to the mid
position, the signals are balanced equally. With the balance control set
fully anticlockwise the right channel will be fully attenuated and the left
channel will increase by approximately 3dB.
Level
This control adjusts the level of the channel signal to the left & right PGM bus,
ALT bus and post fade Aux.
The left and right channels are mixed for the ALT and aux mono buses.
With the pot fully clockwise, the channel has unity gain.
BAL
L
-20
R
-10
LEV
-30
0
PK !
PFL
SIG
ST1
ON (+START/CUE) switch
This mechanically latching switch operates the channel mute circuitry,
turning the signal to the PGM, ALT and Aux buses on or off.
With the button depressed the signal is routed to the PGM bus and the
pre/post AUX bus. With the button up the signal is routed to the ALT
bus and the prefade AUX bus.
The switch is illuminated green when pressed.
The ON switch also activates the START/CUE logic signals (for the corresponding selected input) wired to the remote interface connector on
the rear panel. This allows the ON switch to start or cue a transport
such as a CD player.
PFL Switch
The PFL (Pre-Fade Listen) switch sends the channel signal to the PFL bus and subsequently to the headphones/CRM speakers and the main L R meters. Used for checking the audio signal before raising the level or un-muting the channel.
SIGNAL & PEAK LEDs
The Signal LED illuminates when the pre-fader signal level is above –15dB.
The Peak LED illuminates and stays on for around 0.5 seconds when a peak level is detected
(pre-fader signal) within 5dB of clipping.
Allen & Heath
22
XB-10 User Guide
OUTPUTS
GROUND CANCEL SELECTORS
Both the MON OUT and RECORD OUT connectors are ground cancelled. The signal ground is lifted with a 75ohm impedance to eliminate issues with hum and earth loops. To disable this function and allow a direct earth connection, depress
the rear switches with a matchstick or similar.
RECORD OUT
This is the PGM mix but taken before the main output level pot.
Standard RCA phono sockets. Ground cancelled output. Nominal level = 0dBu.
L
L
MONITOR OUT
R
R
This is the mix generated by the operator phones selection
matrix. Its level is controlled by the MONITOR LEVEL pot.
The MIC MUTE MONITOR function will mute this output if
any of the mic channel ON switches are illuminated.
This output can also be muted by an external switch attached
to the REMOTE connector on the back of the unit. The main
function of this output is to feed speakers for the studio.
Standard RCA phono sockets. Ground cancelled output.
Nominal level = 0dBu.
AUX OUT
This is the output for the AUX mix and its level is controlled by the
AUX MASTER control.
Standard RCA phono sockets. Ground cancelled output. Nominal
level = 0dBu.
ALT OUT
USB
USB IN L
USB IN R
Allen & Heath
AUX OUT
This is the output for the ALT mix. Levels are controlled by the
channel level pots only. When channel ON switches are in the up
position, the channel is fed to the ALT mix.
Standard RCA phono sockets. Ground cancelled output. Nominal
level = 0dBu.
ALT OUT
USB audio send & return
The USB connection uses a USB 1.1 compliant stereo USB audio
CODEC which is also fully compliant with USB 2.
The connector is a standard USB “B Type” connector.
When connected to a computer (Windows or Mac) you will be
able to transfer stereo audio to and from the XB-10.
Please see the next page for selecting USB send options.
The USB audio input can be selected to feed the stereo channel 3
(ST3) by leaving the ST3 1/4" input jacks unplugged
23
XB-10 User Guide
OUTPUT SELECTOR
USB OUT SOURCE
The signal source for the USB send is selected using the switches below
the USB connector.
If both switches are un-pressed, the pre level main program mix will be
sent to the USB output, if the AUX-ALT button is pressed then the AUX
and ALT mixes will be sent to the left and right channels respectively. If
the CLF-TELCO button is pressed then then left channel will send the
telco channel cleanfeed and the right channel will send the TELCO channel signal.
The CLF-TELCO feed is primarily for use with a VOIP program such as
SKYPE. The left channel is used by SKYPE to send a cleanfeed mix to the
caller. The left and right channels can be recorded using another piece of
software to give a copy of the callers channel and the program cleanfeed
mix.
CLF-TELCO
AUX-ALT
L R
MAIN
PRO
LEVE
PGM
RECORD OUT
SOURCE
AUX-MONO
L R
GUEST
PGM
AUX
0
MASTER
+6
RECORD OUT SOURCE
The signal source for the RECORD output is selected using these switches .
If both switches are un-pressed, the pre level main program mix will be
sent to the REC OUT phono connectors, if the AUX-MONO button is
pressed then the AUX and MONO mixes will be sent to the left and
right channels respectively. If the CLF-TELCO button is pressed then
then left channel will send the telco channel cleanfeed and the right channel will send the TELCO channel signal.
AUX MASTER
This controls the amount of signal sent to the AUX OUTPUT RCA phono
socket. The send control varies the signal level from off (fully attenuated)
to +6dB, with unity gain at the arrow.
MONITOR LEVEL
This controls the amount of signal sent to the MON OUT RCA phono
sockets. The send control varies the signal level from MIN (fully attenuated) to MAX (+10dBu).
MIN
MAX
MUTE LED / MIC MUTE MONITOR SWITCH
Press the MIC MUTE MONITOR option switch to activate the monitor
speaker muting.
This is used to turn off studio monitor speakers when the MIC channels
are being used to eliminate any feedback paths.
When a MIC channel ON switch is illuminated, the mute LED will come
on and the MON OUT feeds are muted.
The MON OUT feed can also be remotely operated using logic connected
to the rear panel. The mute LED will also come on in this case.
Allen & Heath
24
XB-10 User Guide
MASTER SECTION
Output Limiter
The limiter controls are on the rear panel of the XB-10.
Use a matchstick or similar to press both mode switches, this activates the limiter for the left and right channels respectively. The
trimmer pot can be adjusted with a small bladed screwdriver and this
allows the limiter threshold range to be changed from 0dBu to
21dBu.
The limiter LED will come on as soon as the limiter reaches its
threshold.
OUT
Main PGM Outputs
Standard XLR output connector for the main program mix left &
right outputs.
Wired Pin 1=Chassis, Pin 2=hot (+), Pin 3=Cold (-).
Electronically balanced, nominal level = +4dBu (=0VU).
OUT
Operator
Phones
Guest
Phones
MAIN
PROG
LEVEL
+16
+9
+6
+3
0
-3
-6
-9
-12
-16
-20
-30
-20
-10
-30
L
Standard 1/4” (6.25mm) Jack socket for unbalanced insert send and
return signals.
Wired Tip=send, Ring=return, Sleeve=Chassis. Nominal level is 2dBu.
The insert point is pre the main PGM fader.
Headphone Output Sockets
Standard 1/4” (6.25mm) Jack sockets for the engineer/self operator
and guest.
Wired Tip=Left (+), Ring=Right (-), Sleeve=Ground.
R
OPERATOR
PHONES SELECT
GUEST
PHONES SELECT
0
Main PGM Inserts
48v Phantom Power switch
Press this in to switch 48v Phantom Power to the 3 Mic input xlr
connectors, if any of the microphones attached require power.
Dynamic microphones won’t mind being connected to a phantom
powered input, but care is needed to ensure that 48v is not switched
on if an xlr is used to input a signal from an electronic circuit (ie. Another mixer).
When switching 48v on or off, or plugging in connectors to
channels with 48v present, it is important (and normal procedure) to mute the channels.
Main Program Level
MIN
Allen & Heath
MAX
MIN
MAX
The main program mix level control. Affects the stereo PGM XLR
outputs and phones feeds, but not the prefade PGM outputs to USB
and RECORD OUT.
0dB, or unity gain is at the top of the control.
25
XB-10 User Guide
MASTER SECTION
Main Left & Right meters
12 segment LED meters, peak type response, the
“0” position reflects nominal level at the outputs
(+4dBu from the main PGM outputs). The meters
display the signals from the Operator phones selector switches below, or the PFL (pre-fade listen)
signal from any selected channels, which overrides.
MAIN
PROG
LEVEL
-10
-30
L
0
These 5 switches select the signal source for the monitor speakers, operator phones and the meters. They work on a signal mix
basis. By pressing a button, the corresponding signal is added to
the mix. Pressing two buttons mixes both feeds together.
The PFL signal will override the selection if activated.
Guest phones Source Selector switches
+16
+9
+6
+3
0
-3
-6
-9
-12
-16
-20
-30
-20
Operator phones Source Selector switches
Similar to the Operator phones selection switches, these select
the source for the guest headphones output. A different source
can be selected for the guests to that selected for the operator.
The PFL signal is not fed to the guest phones outputs.
R
Guest / Operator phones level
OPERATOR
PHONES SELECT
GUEST
PHONES SELECT
Adjusts the level of the signal to the guest / operator phones
from off (fully attenuated) to unity gain.
MIN
MAX
!
MIN
Warning ! To avoid damage to
your hearing do not operate the
headphones or sound system at
excessively high volume.
Continued exposure to high
volume sound can cause frequency
selective or wide range hearing
loss.
MAX
PFL on light
This LED will come on when any channel PFL switch is pressed.
The PFL signal received is then routed to the operator phones and
monitor. The signal overrides the current selection.
Talk to guest button
The TALK switch enables the presenter or operator to communicate with
the guest with the presenters channel fader down so the presenters voice
does not go to the program mix.
The source for the TALK signal is one of the mono channels, preselected by
links set within the XB-10, the factory default is mono channel 1. The signal
source is pre-fade and pre-mute on the selected mono channel.
Allen & Heath
26
XB-10 User Guide
REMOTE INTERFACE CONNECTOR
25 Way D socket connector REMOTE
PIN
FUNCTION
1
M1 ON LOGIC (OPEN COLLECTOR OUTPUT)
2
M2 ON LOGIC (OPEN COLLECTOR OUTPUT)
3
M3 ON LOGIC (OPEN COLLECTOR OUTPUT)
4
TELCO ON LOGIC (OPEN COLLECTOR OUTPUT)
5
CONTROL ROOM MUTE (INPUT, ACTIVE LOW)
6
GROUND
7
ST1 START PULSE
8
ST1 STOP PULSE
9
ST2 START PULSE
10
ST2 STOP PULSE
11
ST3 START PULSE
12
ST3 STOP PULSE
13
GROUND
14
M1 EXTERNAL MUTE (INPUT, ACTIVE LOW)
15
M2 EXTERNAL MUTE (INPUT, ACTIVE LOW)
16
M3 EXTERNAL MUTE (INPUT, ACTIVE LOW)
17
TELCO EXTERNAL MUTE (INPUT, ACTIVE LOW)
18
GROUND
19
+15V POWER OUTPUT (MAX 50mA)
20
+10V POWER OUTPUT (MAX 100mA)
21
SIGNAL GROUND
22
-15V POWER OUTPUT (MAX 50mA)
23
COMMS MIC CHANNEL OUTPUT (NOMINAL LEVEL 0dBu)
24
LEFT METER (POST FADE PROGRAM FEED)
25
RIGHT METER (POST FADE PROGRAM FEED)
ON Logic
The ON logic outputs are an open collector transistor that is switched on when the channel on switches are pressed.
The open collector outputs can be connected together to switch something collectively, such as an ON AIR light for
example. Max current per channel is 50mA.
Mute inputs
The mute input channels can be switched on with a button pulling them to ground or an open collector transistor switch
to ground. When activated the relevant channel is muted and the ON light extinguished.
Start/Cue logic
The Start/Cue logic from the Stereo channel ON switches is designed to interface to a common standard employed by
Denon and Pioneer equipment. The logic signals are usually wired to a 2 pole 3.5mm jack plug where a low pulse on the
tip starts the deck and a low pulse on the sleeve stops or cues the deck. There needs to be some form of ground connection between the equipment for this to work—normally effected by the audio connector leads.
External meter outputs and comms mic feed
These feeds produce PGM L & R signals for external metering equipment. These are line level analogue signals, the level
at 0VU will be 0dBu. There is also a comms mic feed that can be used to communicate with an engineer or similar.
External power
There is a 10v supply available for relays, ON air lights etc. Max current draw 100mA. A +15v/-15v supply is also available to supply low current audio equipment such as a powered PPM meter. Max current draw 50mA.
Allen & Heath
27
XB-10 User Guide
REMOTE INTERFACE CONNECTOR
REMOTE Connector Example
3.5mm jack plug
Cue pulse to sleeve
Start pulse wire to tip
To CD player or deck, triggered by ST1
ON Air light for mono channels M1 and M2
REMOTE connector
Max current sink per channel 50mA
13 12 11 10 9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
+10V
+10V
1
25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14
25 WAY D CONNECTOR
12V 500ohm coil relay
+10V
Remote mute switch for mono M1
ON AIR
PPM meter
Allen & Heath
28
XB-10 User Guide
CONNECTING TO A COMPUTER
USB lead type A to B
Mic
Mic
Mic
Line
Line
Line
L
L
L
AUX OUT
R
R
R
ALT OUT
L
L
L
R
R
R
USB
USB IN L
0
30
20
0
30
20
0
GAIN
30
GAIN
GAIN
5
USB IN R
10
20
- 10 10
60 40
- 10 10
COMP
- 10 10
60 40
COMP
HPF
60 40
-1O
COMP
HPF
HPF
26
TEL IN
USB
HPF
0
HF
HF
-15
500
HF
-15
+15
1k
650
500
200
f
2k
120
4k
f
2k
f
2k
3k
MID
120
4k
HF
3k
MID
120
-15
4k
HF
LF
-15
LF
+15
-15
+15
-15
AUX
+15
L
-20
L
-20
-10
PK !
PK !
PK !
M3
-10
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
0
PK !
PFL
SIG
0
+6
-30
PK !
ST1
AUX
MASTER
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
L
-20
-10
-30
PK !
T1
R
PRE
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
L
BAL
L
-20
-10
-30
0
+6
PRE
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
L R
AUX
0
BAL
L
-20
-10
-30
PK !
M2
+15
+6
PRE
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
AUX
0
BAL
L
-20
-10
-30
-10
AUX-MONO
-15
+15
+6
PRE
R
LEV
0
PFL
M1
AUX
PAN
L
-20
-10
-30
-15
+15
0
PRE
R
LEV
0
-15
+6
PAN
-20
-30
+15
LF
PGM
AUX
0
+6
PRE
R
-30
LF
+15
AUX
PAN
MAIN
PROG
LEVEL
PGM
RECORD OUT
SOURCE
-15
+15
0
PGM
AUX
0
PRE
-15
+15
LF
CLF SCE
+6
PAN
LEV
+15
-15
AUX
0
+6
SIG
LF
-15
HF
+15
-15
+15
AUX-ALT
+15
+15
L R
80Hz
+16
+9
+6
+3
0
-3
-6
-9
-12
-16
-20
-30
CLF-TELCO
-15
+15
TALK
-15
5
5
-15
+15
LF
200
3k
MID
500
200
5
-15
-15
+15
1k
650
0
0
HF
12kHz
-15
+15
1k
650
Operator
Phones
Guest
Phones
-5
OPERATOR
PHONES SELECT
20
GUEST
PHONES SELECT
0
GAIN
ST2
PFL
SIG
ST3
USB Audio Interface
The XB-10 is equipped with a stereo bi-directional USB 1.1 compliant audio CODEC. It is fully compliant with USB2
ports and uses standard Windows and MAC Core Audio Drivers. In other words, plug it in and your computer will find
it and be able to transfer audio to and from the USB device.
You will need some form of audio software running on your computer for playback/recording or a voice over internet
phone, but on a basic level, you can use your computers media player to play straight to the XB-10 device.
Just a couple of points to look out for:
Windows XP/Vista:
When you plug in your XB-10 USB interface to your computer, if the volume level is low or inaudible, check the device
volume in control panel/Sounds and Audio Devices/Volume. Set the volume to High.
Windows 7:
At present, Windows 7 treats the USB audio device as a microphone source instead if a line input, so set the device
volume level much lower, we found setting to 3 is ideal.
Allen & Heath
29
XB-10 User Guide
APPLICATION DIAGRAM: SELF OPERATION
Headphone
Splitter
Guests
Operator
30
f
500
-15
200
2k
3k
1k
HPF
COMP
650 +15
+15
4k
0
20
- 10 10
f
30
60 40
2k
8 0Hz
LF
-15
HF
1 2kHz
-1O
-5
GAIN 0
-15
AUX
PGM
AUX
-15
PK !
-30
LEV
+15
0
R
PFL
ST3
5
0
-10
USB
L R
L R
MAX
-20
M IN
0
-10
Guest
Phones
MAX
L
M IN
+16
+9
+6
+3
0
-3
-6
-9
-12
-16
-20
-30
MAX
R
Operator
Phones
Telephone caller
US B IN L
USB IN R
AUX-ALT
CLF-TELCO
A UX-MONO
PGM
M IN
RECORD OUT
SOURCE
AUX
MAS TER
PGM
AUX OUT
L
+15
R
-15
+15
L
0
ALT OUT
-15
-15
BAL
L
-20
AUX
LF
HF
R
L
5
R
+ 15
+15
L
0
+ 15
0
-10
SIG
MA IN
PROG
LEVEL
R
L
-15
-15
HF
-15
0
R
PFL
ST2
0
L
5
LF
L
-20
AUX
BAL
PK !
-30
LEV
SIG
+6
R
+15
R
+15
+15
-15
0
-15
HF
LF
0
-10
+6
PFL
0
R
PRE
L
-20
ST1
-30
Telephone
Hybrid Module
5
20
10
26
TEL IN
U SB
+15
HPF
+15
TALK
CL F SCE
AUX
BAL
SIG
PK !
-30
LEV
+6
0
-10
PRE
PFL
0
R
+6
T1
L
-20
PRE
PAN
SIG
PK !
-30
L EV
+6
-10
PRE
0
R
PFL
M3
L
-20
+6
0
3k
1k
HPF
COMP
650 + 15
+ 15
4k
-15
120
200
500
-15
HF
LF
+ 15
MID
-15
AUX
PAN
SIG
PK !
-30
LEV
PRE
0
-10
+6
+15
GAIN
Mic
0
- 10 10
HF
120
-15
60 40
Line
20
Mic
0
2k
3k
1k
GAIN
Line
30
LF
MID
-15
AUX
PAN
0
R
PFL
M2
L
-20
PRE
0
SIG
PK !
-30
LEV
+6
-10
PRE
+15
+15
4k
650 +15
HPF
COMP
60 40
Mic
20
Line
f
-15
120
200
500
-15
HF
- 10 10
GAIN
LF
MID
-15
AUX
0
R
PFL
M1
L
-20
PAN
PK !
-30
L EV
SIG
Notes:
Ensure MIC MUTE MONITOR switch is enabled to avoid feedback from speakers
The Telephone module could be substituted with a Skype system.
GUEST
P HONES SELECT
CD
CD
Control Room
Monitor Speakers
Amp
Music sources
TX 1
Single room
Self Operation
System
Broadcast
Transmission
Method
KEY
Use Computer for:
Playback and
record
or
Skype caller
Telephone line in (or exchange)
Microphone signals to mono inputs
Line level to/from telephone module
Line level stereo signals
Headphone signals
USB audio data
Control room speakers
Program mix for transmission
XB-10 User Guide
30
Allen & Heath
OPERATOR
PHONES SELECT
APPLICATION DIAGRAM: STUDIO+CONTROL ROOM
Telephone caller
Telephone caller
Studio
Guest
Presenter
KEY
Microphone signals to mono inputs
Telephone line in (or exchange)
Line level to/from telephone module
Line level stereo signals
Headphone signals
Telephone call handling
Headphone
Splitter
Program mix for transmission
USB lead
Telephone
Hybrid Module
Control Room
Control Room
Monitor Speakers
Amp
CD
Music sources
CD
Sound sources
Jingle
L
Mic
Mic
Line
R
Mic
Line
R
Broadcast
Transmission
Method
AUX OUT
L
L
R
ALT OUT
Line
L
L
USB
L
USB IN L
0
30
20
0
30
GAIN
20
0
GAIN
30
5
USB IN R
10
- 10 10
- 10 10
60 4 0
COMP
H PF
-1O
60 4 0
R
R
H PF
500
500
200
1k
500
200
f
2k
120
4k
f
2k
2k
3k
MID
120
4k
1 20
AUX-ALT
L R
HF
HF
-15
TALK
-1 5
+1 5
-1 5
LF
+1 5
+1 5
+1 5
R
PK !
PK !
M1
P K!
PFL
SIG
M2
L R
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
L
R
MAX
TX 1
0
PK !
PFL
SIG
0
+6
-1 0
-30
PK !
ST1
AUX
MASTER
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
L
-2 0
-1 0
-3 0
PK !
T1
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
0
+6
PRE
BAL
L
-20
- 10
-30
PK !
M3
R
LEV
0
PFL
SG
I
+15
AUX
0
+6
PRE
BAL
L
-2 0
- 10
-3 0
MIN
AUX-MONO
- 15
+15
AUX
0
+6
R
L EV
0
-1 0
0
LF
-15
+15
PRE
BAL
L
- 20
- 10
- 30
-20
-30
+15
PGM
R
LEV
0
PFL
SIG
RECORD OUT
SOURCE
- 15
LF
-15
AUX
0
+6
PRE
PAN
L
- 20
- 10
- 30
LF
PGM
AUX
AUX
0
+6
R
LEV
+15
+15
PRE
PAN
L
- 20
-10
0
-15
C LF SCE
-15
AUX
0
+6
PRE
PAN
L
- 20
- 30
+15
LF
-1 5
AUX
0
+6
PRE
PAN
Operator/Producer
-15
LF
-1 5
AUX
+15
MAIN
PR OG
LEVEL
PGM
HF
+15
-15
LEV
+15
+15
80Hz
4k
+16
+9
+6
+3
0
-3
-6
-9
-1 2
-1 6
-2 0
-3 0
CLF- TELCO
-15
+15
3k
MID
5
5
-1 5
+15
LF
200
f
3k
MID
5
-1 5
-15
+15
1k
650
0
0
HF
12kHz
-15
650 +1 5
Ope rator
Phones
HPF
0
HF
-1 5
R
26
TEL IN
U SB
COMP
H PF
HF
+1 5
1k
650
Guest
Phones
-5
GAIN
20
60 4 0
COMP
-1 5
GUEST
PHO NES SELECT
20
- 10 10
HF
O PERATOR
PHO NES SELECT
0
GAIN
ST2
PFL
SIG
ST3
Computer for sound
sources and
recording via USB
Separate studio & control
room setup.
Allen & Heath
31
XB-10 User Guide
APPLICATION TIPS: VOIP CALLER ON TELCO CHANNEL
This diagram shows the basic mixer setup for a conversation with a Skype/
VOIP caller.
Ensure the buttons marked with a star are pressed to route the telco channel
and cleanfeed to the computer VOIP program.
Before going to air the presenter can speak with the caller. Do this by monitoring the telco channel with the PFL button. Pressing the telco channel talk
button will allow the caller to hear the presenter.
Pressing the presenter and telco channel ON buttons and raising the channel
faders will allow an on-air conversation.
Using a recording program such as Audacity, you can also record the caller
and cleanfeed signals.
Mic
Mic
Mic
Line
Line
Line
0
0
0
L
L
L
AUX OUT
R
R
R
ALT OUT
L
L
USB
L
USB IN L
20
30
20
0
GAIN
30
GAIN
GAIN
10
-5
60 40
- 10 10
60 40
- 10 10
COMP
COMP
HPF
HPF
-1O
R
R
20
60 40
- 10 10
COMP
HPF
HPF
0
0
HF
HF
-15
500
-15
+15
1k
650
HF
500
200
2k
MID
500
2k
4k
MID
4k
+15
MID
L R
TALK
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
+15
0
0
PRE
L
-20
PRE
R
PK !
PK !
Allen & Heath
M1
SIG
PK !
M2
PK !
M3
SIG
T1
-10
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
0
PK !
PFL
SIG
MAX
R
LEV
0
PK !
ST1
MIN
+6
-30
PFL
SIG
L
-20
-10
-30
PK !
0
MASTER
PRE
R
LEV
0
PFL
R
BAL
L
-20
-10
0
0
PRE
R
LEV
-30
PFL
SIG
L R
AUX
+6
BAL
L
-20
-10
-30
0
PFL
PRE
R
LEV
0
+6
BAL
L
-20
-10
0
PFL
PRE
R
LEV
-30
0
+15
AUX
0
L
AUX-MONO
-15
+15
AUX
+6
PAN
L
-20
-10
-30
-15
+15
0
PRE
R
LEV
-15
+6
PAN
L
-20
-10
-30
LF
PGM
+6
PAN
PAN
LF
AUX
0
+6
-10
0
LF
PGM
AUX
AUX
-20
-30
+15
+15
AUX
+6
-15
+15
CLF SCE
-15
AUX
LEV
+15
LF
-15
AUX
SIG
-15
LF
-15
MAIN
PROG
LEVEL
PGM
RECORD OUT
SOURCE
HF
+15
+15
+16
+9
+6
+3
0
-3
-6
-9
-12
-16
-20
-30
CLF-TELCO
AUX-ALT
+15
HF
-15
LF
+15
HF
-15
4k
5
-15
+15
80Hz
3k
120
-15
LF
2k
3k
120
-15
-15
+15
1k
650
f
0
5
5
12kHz
200
f
3k
120
HF
-15
+15
1k
650
200
f
Operator
Phones
Guest
Phones
R
26
TEL IN
USB
OPERATOR
PHONES SELECT
30
USB IN R
GUEST
PHONES SELECT
20
GAIN
5
ST2
32
PFL
SIG
ST3
XB-10 User Guide
WIRING NOTES
Insert cable wiring
PROCESSOR
RETURN
S
INSERT
T
OUT
T
R
S
R
SEND
GROUND
RETURN
SEND
S
T
R
IN
LINK RING TO SLEEVE TO UNBALANCE
General Wiring Information
Y-Adapter
Y-Adapter
2 Outputs to 1 Input
RCA PHONO CABLE
RCA phono jacks
adapter
1 Output to 2 Inputs
UNBALANCED
No !
UNBALANCED
INSTRUMENT CABLE
UNBALANCED
BALANCED
TRS JACK CABLE
BALANCED
Sleeve=ground
Sleeve=ground
Ring=cold (-)
Ring=cold (-)
Tip=hot (+)
Tip=hot (+)
TO
INPUT
Yes
2=hot (+) 1=ground
BALANCED
MIC CABLE
XLR FEMALE
XLR MALE
3=cold (-)
BALANCED
1=ground
BALANCED
TRS to XLR-F CABLE
Sleeve=ground
2=hot (+)
FROM
OUTPUT
3=cold (-)
1=ground
BALANCED
XLR FEMALE
2=hot (+)
3=cold (-)
Ring=cold (-)
Tip=hot (+)
2=hot (+) 1=ground
BALANCED
TRS to XLR-M CABLE
BALANCED
Sleeve=ground
XLR MALE
3=cold (-)
Ring=cold (-)
Tip=hot (+)
Allen & Heath
33
XB-10 User Guide
PRODUCT SUPPORT
Investigate ALLEN & HEATH’s other ranges at www.allen-heath.com
Large Live Sound mixers — iLive digital, ML and GL Series
Small Format Live Sound mixers — ZED, MixWizards , PA Series, XB
DJ products — Xone Series
Sound Management Series — iDR Series
Registering your product
Thank you for buying the Allen & Heath XB-10 mixer. We hope that you are happy with it and that
you or your end users enjoy many years of faithful service with it.
Please go to www.allen-heath.com/register.asp and register your product’s serial number and your details. By registering with us and becoming an official Registered User, you will ensure that any warranty
claim you might make is actioned quickly and with the minimum delay.
Alternatively, you may either copy or cut off this section of the page, fill in the details, and return it by
mail to:
Allen & Heath Ltd, Kernick Industrial Estate, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9LU, UK

Allen & Heath
34
XB-10 User Guide