ATI Technologies RADEON X1950 XTX User`s guide

Radeon X1950 XTX
®
User’s Guide
P/N 137-41074-10
ATI
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Copyright © 2006, ATI Technologies Inc. All rights reserved.
ATI, the ATI logo, and ATI product and product-feature names are trademarks and/or registered
trademarks of ATI Technologies Inc. All other company and/or product names are trademarks and/or
registered trademarks of their respective owners. Features, performance and specifications are subject
to change without notice. Product may not be exactly as shown in diagrams.
Reproduction of this manual, or parts thereof, in any form, without the express written permission of ATI
Technologies Inc. is strictly prohibited.
Disclaimer
While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this document, ATI Technologies Inc.
assumes no liability with respect to the operation or use of ATI hardware, software or other products
and documentation described herein, for any act or omission of ATI concerning such products or this
documentation, for any interruption of service, loss or interruption of business, loss of anticipatory
profits, or for punitive, incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing,
performance, or use of the ATI hardware, software, or other products and documentation provided
herein.
ATI Technologies Inc. reserves the right to make changes without further notice to a product or system
described herein to improve reliability, function or design. With respect to ATI products which this
document relates, ATI disclaims all express or implied warranties regarding such products, including
but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and noninfringement.
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Apparatus Claims of U.S. Patent Nos. 4,631,603; 4,819,098; 4,907,093; and 6,516,132 licensed for
limited viewing uses only.
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iii
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
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•
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•
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Read Instructions - All the safety and operating instructions should
be read before the product is operated.
Retain Instructions - The safety and operating instructions should be
retained for future reference.
Heed Warnings - All warnings on the product and the operating
instructions should be adhered to.
Compatibility - This option card is for use only with IBM AT or
compatible UL Listed personal computers that have Installation
Instructions detailing user installation of card cage accessories.
Grounding - For continued protection against risk of electric shock
and fire, this accessory should be installed only in products equipped
with a three-wire grounding plug, a plug having a third (grounding) pin.
This plug will only fit into a grounding-type power outlet. This is a
safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug into the outlet,
contact your electrician to replace the obsolete outlet. Do not defeat
the safety purpose of the grounding-type plug.
Secure Attachment - All card securement pins shall be completely
tightened as to provide continuous bonding between the option card
and the PC chassis.
Lightning - For added protection for this product during a lightning
storm, or when it is left unattended and unused for long periods of
time, unplug it from the wall outlet, and disconnect the antenna or
cable system. This will prevent damage to the product due to lightning
and power-line surges.
Power Lines - An outside antenna system should not be located in
the vicinity of overhead power lines or other light or power circuits, or
where it can fall into such power lines or circuits.
Antenna Installation - When installing an outside antenna system,
extreme care should be taken to keep from touching such power lines
or circuits, as contact with them may be fatal.
Note: This graphics card is for use only with compatible UL Listed
personal computers that have Installation Instructions detailing user
installation of card cage accessories.
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Table of Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Radeon® X1950 XTX Features
Before You Begin
1
4
Installing Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Connecting Devices
9
Using Multiple Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Connecting Your Monitors
Display Configurations
11
13
Installing Software and Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Installing Drivers and Software in Windows®
Monitor Configuration
To set up a multi-monitor display
Reinstalling Drivers
Installing the Catalyst™ Software Suite
15
16
17
17
18
Catalyst™ Control Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Help
Displays Manager
Video
Display Options
Color
Monitor Properties
CrossFire™
Component Video Properties
Digital Panel Properties
Hotkeys Manager
Profiles Manager
Preferences
CrossFire™
Profiles Manager
21
21
22
22
23
23
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24
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25
25
25
26
27
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Using TV Display and Capture Features . . . . . . . 29
Using TV Out
Connecting to HDTV
29
31
Using the Radeon® X1950 XTX
with CrossFire™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
CrossFire™ Overview
CrossFire™ Rendering Modes
Super Anti-aliasing Mode
35
35
39
CrossFire™ FAQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Troubleshooting
Product Registration
Customer Care
Additional Accessories
Compliance Information
49
53
53
55
55
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Radeon® X1950 XTX Features 1
CHAPTER 1:
Introduction
Congratulations on the purchase of your ATI Radeon® X1950 XTX
graphics card. We hope that you will enjoy countless hours of trouble-free
computing.
Radeon® X1950 XTX Features
Graphic Features
• Native PCI Express® X16 bus support.
• 256MB or 512 MB GDDR4\GDDR3 on-board memory.
• Full support for Microsoft ® DirectX® Shader Model 3.0.
• High performance Ultra-Threaded shader engine.
• Eight vertex shader processors.
• Forty-eight pixel shader processors.
• 512-bit internal ring-bus memory controller.
• 256-bit 8-channel memory interface.
• Native PCI Express® x16 bus interface.
SmoothVision™
• Full-scene anti-aliasing method that smooths uneven edges and
improves blurred images.
• 2x/4x/6x Anti-aliasing modes with a loss-less compression up to a
ratio of 6:1 at all resolutions.
• 2x/4x//8x/16x Anisotropic Filtering modes with up to 128-tap
texture filtering.
HyperZ™
• Ensures optimal hardware performance by discarding irrelevant
object data that is not visible to the user.
2 Radeon® X1950 XTX Features
• Conserves video memory bandwidth.
• Loss-less Z-buffer compression
• Z Cache optimized for real-time shadow rendering.
VideoShader™
• Seamlessly integrates pixel shaders with video in real time.
• All format DTV/HDTV decoding.
• Adaptive Per-Pixel- De-interlacing and Frame Rate Conversion.
512-bit Ring Bus Memory Controller
• Programmable intelligent arbitration logic.
• New fully associative texture, color, and Z/stencil cache designs.
• Hierarchal Z-buffer with Early Z test.
• Lossless Z Compression (up to 48.1)
• Fast Z-Buffer Clear.
• Z Cache optimized for real-time shadow rendering.
• Optimized for performance at high display resolutions, including
widescreen HDTV resolutions.
Ultra-Threaded Shader Engine
• Support for Microsoft ® DirectX® 9.0 Shader Model 3.0
programmable vertex and pixel shaders in hardware.
• Full speed 128-bit floating point processing.
• Up to 512 simultaneous pixel threads.
• Dedicated branch execution units for high performance dynamic
branching and flow control.
• Dedicated texture address units for improved efficiency.
• High resolution texture support (up to 4k x 4k).
• Up to 1,536 instructions per rendering pass.
• 3Dc+ texture compression
• High quality 4:1 compression for normal maps and luminance
maps.
• Works with any single-channel or two-channel data format.
• Multiple Render Target (MRT) support.
Radeon® X1950 XTX Features 3
• Render-to-vertex buffer support.
• Complete feature set also supported in OpenGL® 2.0
High Dynamic Range (HDR) Rendering
• 64-bit floating point HDR supported throughout the pipeline
• Includes support for blending and multi-sample anti-aliasing.
• High precision 10:10:10:2 integer format support.
• Includes support for blending and multi-sample anti-aliasing.
• 2x/4x/6x Anti-Aliasing modes
• Sparse multi-sample algorithm with gamma correction,
programmable sample patterns, and centroid sampling.
• New Adaptive Anti-Aliasing modes.
• Temporal Anti-Aliasing mode.
• Lossless Color Compression (up to 6:1) at all resolutions,
including widescreen HDTV resolutions.
• 2x/4x/8x/16x Anisotropic Filtering modes
• Up to 128-tap texture filtering.
• Adaptive algorithm with performance and quality options.
4 Before You Begin
System Requirements
Hardware
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Intel® Pentium® 4 or AMD Athlon®.
512MB of system memory; 1GB or more for best
performance.
Optical drive for installation software (CD-ROM or
DVD-ROM drive).
Specialized PCI Express® 550 watt or greater power
supply recommended. Consult your computer system
manual to ensure the power supply is designed to
accommodate a high-end graphics card with a peak
dissipation above 75 watts.
Operating
System
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Windows® XP with Service Pack 2 (SP2).
Windows® XP Professional x64 Edition.
Windows® 2000.
Windows® Vista.
Monitor
•
High-resolution MultiSync or multi-frequency monitors
or any other type of VGA monitor.
Digital flat-panel (DFP) displays or digital CRT display.
•
CrossFire™
Compatibility
If you are planning on using this graphics card as part of a
CrossFire™ system, the following is required:
• A CrossFire™ certified motherboard with two (2) PCI
Express® X16 slots and correct PCIe™ chipset driver.
(See ati.com/crossfire for a list of CrossFire™
certified motherboards.)
• a CrossFire™ Edition graphics card from the same
product series that works as the Master graphics card.
More information on the requirements for each of these
components can be found within the CrossFire™ FAQ.
Before You Begin
Before you begin installing your new graphics card, please do the
following.
Before You Begin 5
Record Your Serial and Part Numbers
The serial number and 102 part number printed on the graphics card are
required for registration. They are located on a sticker on the back of the
card.
X
Serial number (S/N)
Y
102 part number (P/N)
Write the numbers, shown in bold above, down before installing your new
ATI product.
Uninstall Previous Graphics Card Drivers
To ensure the successful installation of your new Radeon® X1950 XTX
card, you must uninstall the drivers for the existing graphics card before
removing it from your computer.
To uninstall previous drivers
With your current graphics card still in your computer:
1
Close all applications that are currently running.
2
Navigate to the Control Panel and select Add/Remove Programs.
3
Select your current graphics card drivers and select Add/Remove.
The wizard will help you remove your current display drivers.
Note: If the previously installed graphics card has any additional
software installed, it should also be removed at this point.
4
Turn off your system and remove the old graphics card.
6 Before You Begin
7
CHAPTER 2:
Installing Hardware
This chapter will guide you through the physical installation of your new
Radeon graphics card.
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Consult your system builder or OEM to ensure that your system has an
adequate power supply. A PCI Express® compatible system has a
specialized 12V graphics card power connector. A 450 watt or greater
power supply is recommended. Consult your computer system manual to
ensure the power supply is designed to accommodate a high-end
graphics card with a peak dissipation above 75 watts.
Graphics Card Installation
1
Graphics Card
2
Power Supply
8
3
6-pin Power Cable Connector
4
6-pin Power Connection
5
Power connector to Graphics Card
6
Power connector to Power Supply
Installing the graphics card
1
Turn off the computer, monitor, and other peripheral devices.
2
Unplug the computer’s power cord and disconnect all cables from the
back of your computer.
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3
WARNING - Wait approximately 20 seconds after unplugging the
power cord before disconnecting a peripheral or removing a
component from the motherboard to avoid possible damage to the
motherboard.
Remove the computer cover.
If necessary, consult your computer’s manual for help in removing the
cover.
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4
WARNING - Remember to discharge your body’s static electricity by
touching the power supply or the metal surface of the computer
chassis.
Unscrew or unfasten and remove any existing graphics card from
your computer.
Note: If your computer has an on-board graphics capability, you may
need to disable it on the motherboard. For more information, see your
computer documentation.
5
Locate the appropriate slot and, if necessary, remove the metal backplate cover.
6
Align your ATI graphics card with the slot and press it in firmly until
the card is fully seated.
Connecting Devices 9
7
Connect the power cable to the 6-pin power connection on the
graphics card.
8
Screw in or fasten the graphics card securely. Make sure the cables
are not interfering with anything inside the computer (for example, a
cooling fan) and replace the computer cover.
9
Reconnect any cables you have disconnected and plug in the
computer’s power cord.
10 Turn on the monitor, and then your computer.
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Your computer will beep, possibly show a warning message on your
display, and the boot process will stop if the graphics card is not correctly
connected to the power supply.
Connecting Devices
The following illustration shows typical connections found on ATI
graphics cards:
Connector Types
VGA
Supports an analog CRT monitor.
10 Connecting Devices
DVI-I
Supports a digital monitor.
VGA-DVI-I Adapter
Supports an analog monitor on a DVI-I connection.
S-Video In/Out
Supports a TV, VCR, or camcorder.
CATV
Supports a TV antenna or cable service.
Composite
Supports a TV, VCR, or camcorder.
Connecting Your Monitors 11
CHAPTER 3:
Using Multiple Displays
Connecting Your Monitors
Your Radeon® X1950 XTX graphics card provides hardware support for
two DVI-I monitors and a VGA monitor using the supplied DVI-I-to-VGA
adapter. It also provides TV output via an S-Video Out connector.
Connections and Adapters for the Radeon® X1950 XTX Card
1
Standard VGA Monitor Connector. To connect a VGA monitor
to the DVI-I connector, plug the supplied DVI-I-to-VGA adapter
into the DVI-I connector, then plug your monitor cable into the
adapter.
2
DVI-I-to-VGA Adapter.
3
DVI-I Connection. To connect a digital display.
12 Connecting Your Monitors
Note: If you use multiple monitors, the Radeon X1950 XTX card
must be the primary graphics card. Normally, the system BIOS
determines which graphics card will be the primary.
®
To connect your monitors
1
Power off your computer and monitors.
2
Plug the monitor cables into their appropriate connectors.
3
Power on your monitors first, and then restart your computer so that
Windows® can detect the new hardware settings.
4
When the New Hardware Found Wizard appears, at the appropriate
prompt insert the ATI Installation CD to load the drivers for your
Radeon X1950 XTX card.
®
To set up a multi-monitor display
1
From the Start button click Control Panel, then Display. Click the
Settings tab to access the basic multi-monitor configuration settings.
Note: ATI provides Catalyst™ Control Center software that provides
many additional configuration features. It can be accessed by clicking
the Advanced button from the Display Properties > Settings tab.
2
Select the Monitor icon identified by the number 2.
3
Click Extend my Windows desktop onto this monitor.
4
Set the Screen Resolution and Color Quality as appropriate for the
second monitor. Click Apply or OK to apply these new values.
• Refer to your Windows® online help and documentation for
further information on using the Settings tab.
Note: When you use multiple monitors with your card, one monitor
will always be Primary. Any additional monitors will be designated
as Secondary.
Display Configurations 13
Display Configurations
Your Radeon® X1950 XTX graphics card provides dual display
functionality. The following table lists the different ways you can connect
displays to your card.
Display
Configuration
Connector(s)
Used
Comments
Single DFP
display
DVI-I connector
DFP - digital flat panel display.
DFP Display* +
DFP Display
DVI-I connectors
DFP Display +
HDTV
DVI-I connector +
S-Video-toComponent
adapter
Using supplied S-Video to Component
adapter.
Single CRT
display
DVI-I connector
with DVI-I-to-VGA
adapter
CRT - cathode ray tube analog
display.
CRT display +
HDTV
DVI-I-to-VGA
adapter +
Componet Adapter
to HDTV (YPbPr)
cable
DFP display +
HDTV
DVI-I connector +
HDTV cable
(YPbPr)
CRT display +
DFP display
DVI-I-to-VGA
adapter + DVI-I
connector
CRT display +
CRT display
DVI-I-to-VGA
adapter + DVI-I-toVGA adapter
HDTV (YPrPb) adpater
The DVI-I connector can support a
CRT display using the DVI-I-to-VGA
adapter
Note: * Both DVI ports support dual-link DVI output compatible
with single-link DVI flat panel displays as well as ultra-high
resolution dual-link DVI flat panel displays.
14 Display Configurations
Installing Drivers and Software in Windows® 15
CHAPTER 4:
Installing Software and Drivers
This chapter will guide you through the installation of the drivers and
software associated with your Radeon® X1950 XTX graphics card.
Installing Drivers and Software in
Windows®
You will need to install the Radeon® X1950 XTX drivers and software in
the following cases:
• After you have installed the card in your system.
• After you have reinstalled or upgraded your operating system.
This procedure applies to Windows® XP.
Software Installation Prerequisites
To install or remove the drivers, you must have administrator rights or be
logged on as a user with administrator rights.
Your operating system must be installed and running before you can install
the Radeon® X1950 XTX drivers. Also, make sure that you have installed
Service Pack 2 for Windows® XP.
Make sure your monitor cable is properly attached before you begin.
Note: The installation dialog will display in English if your operating
system’s language is not supported.
To install ATI drivers and software
Note: Optical drive refers to CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive.
1
Start your system. When the Found New Hardware Wizard
appears, click Cancel. When the System Settings Change window
asks you to restart your computer, click No.
16 Monitor Configuration
2
Run the ATISETUP utility. The ATISETUP utility will start
automatically when you insert the ATI Installation CD-ROM into
your optical drive after the operating system has started. If your CDROM auto-run is not enabled or the ATISETUP utility does not start
automatically:
a) Click the Start button in the task bar.
b) Click Run.
c) Select ATISETUP.EXE from the root directory of the ATI
Installation CD-ROM.
d) Click OK.
3
Click Install under Software Install.
4
Click Next.
5
Click Yes to the license agreement. ATI Easy Install will start the
Installation Wizard.
6
Follow the wizard’s on-screen instructions to complete the
installation.
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The Express installation option is recommended. By selecting this
option, the HydraVision™ multi-monitor and desktop management
software will automatically be installed, along with the ATI driver. Not
all software components are installed using the Express installation.
Custom installation allows you to select individual software
components for installation.
7
When the Setup Complete message appears, select Yes, I want to
restart my computer now and click Finish.
8
After the system reboots, the Found New Hardware message
displays Digital Signature Not Found. Click Yes or Continue to
complete the driver installation.
Monitor Configuration
Once the drivers and software have been installed, you can configure your
monitor.
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Warning - Choosing a refresh rate unsupported by your monitor may
damage your monitor. Consult your monitor’s documentation if
necessary.
To set up a multi-monitor display 17
To configure your primary display
1
Navigate to the Control Panel and choose Display, or right-click on
the desktop and choose Properties.
2
Choose the Settings tab and select the screen resolution and color
depth that best suit your requirements and your monitor’s
performance.
3
Click Advanced and select the Monitor tab.
4
Choose a refresh rate from the drop-down list.
5
Click OK to return to the desktop.
To set up a multi-monitor display
1
From the Start menu click Control Panel, then Display. Click the
Settings tab to access the basic multi-monitor configuration settings.
2
Select the Monitor icon identified by the number 2.
3
Click Extend my Windows desktop onto this monitor.
4
Set the Screen Resolution and Color Quality as appropriate for the
second monitor. Click Apply or OK to apply these new values.
• Refer to your Windows® online help and documentation for
further information on using the Settings tab.
Note: When you use multiple monitors with your Radeon® X1950
XTX card, one monitor will always be Primary. Any additional
monitors will be designated as Secondary.
Note: You can also enable multiple monitors using ATI’s Catalyst™
Control Center.
Reinstalling Drivers
You can install new drivers or reinstall existing drivers if there was a
Windows® conflict.
Reinstall the drivers at any time using the ATISETUP utility located on the
ATI Installation CD-ROM. The ATISETUP utility will start automatically
if you insert the ATI Installation CD-ROM into your optical drive after the
operating system has started.
18 Installing the Catalyst™ Software Suite
To manually reinstall drivers
If your CD-ROM auto-run is not enabled and the ATISETUP utility does
not start automatically, follow these steps.
1
In the Windows® task bar, click Start.
2
From the Start menu, select Run.
3
Browse to SETUP.EXE on the root directory of the ATI Installation
CD-ROM.
4
Click OK.
Installing the Catalyst™ Software Suite
ATI’s Catalyst™ Software Suite provides software required to enjoy all the
features of your ATI graphics card. The Catalyst™ Software Suite has several
distinct software elements, including:
•
•
•
•
•
Driver
Catalyst™ Control Center
HydraVision™ (not included in the Express Install)
Remote Wonder™ Software
SurroundView™
To install the Catalyst™ software suite
Note: Optical drive refers to any drive capable of reading CD-ROM
media.
1
Insert the ATI Installation CD-ROM into your optical drive.
If Windows® runs the CD-ROM automatically, proceed to step 5.
2
Click Start > Run.
3
Type the following: D:\ATISETUP
(If D is not your optical drive, substitute the correct drive letter.)
4
Click OK.
5
Click Install under Software Install.
6
Click Next and click Yes to the license agreement.
7
Click ATI Easy Install to begin the Installation Wizard.
8
Follow the Wizard’s on-screen instructions, then choose either
Express or Custom Install.
Installing the Catalyst™ Software Suite 19
Not all software components are installed using the Express
installation. Custom installation allows you to select individual
software components for installation.
20 Installing the Catalyst™ Software Suite
Help 21
CHAPTER 5:
Catalyst™ Control Center
The Catalyst™ Control Center is a graphical user application providing
access to the display features contained within the installed ATI hardware
and software. Use the Catalyst™ Control Center to fine-tune your graphics
settings, enable or disable connected display devices, and change the
orientation of your desktop. Many of the features show you a preview of
the changes before they are applied.
The Catalyst™ Control Center offers you two views of the software:
• Basic View is a simplified view that includes wizards to get the
inexperience user up and running.
• Advance View allows the advanced user to access and configure
the complete feature set of the software.
The Catalyst™ Control Center can be customized for easy access to the
features you use most.
Use the Catalyst™ Control Center to access a comprehensive online help
system, or connect to the ATI Web site.
Help
Use the Catalyst™ Control Center Help feature to access the comprehensive
online help system, generate a Problem Report, and get the installed
version information.
Displays Manager
The Displays Manager aspect is the central location for configuring your
display devices and arranging your desktop. Use the Displays Manager
aspect to quickly change your display setup, arrange your desktop in a
multi-monitor environment, and enable TV Out.
Those new to the Catalyst™ Control Center may use the Basic View wizard
to help you configure your display preferences. Experienced users who
prefer to manually configure their desktop setting should use the Advanced
View.
Note: The Catalyst™ Control Center will open to the Basic View the
very first time it is accessed. Experienced users can easily change to
22 Video
Advanced View by selecting Advanced and clicking on the Next
button.
Catalyst™ Control Center: Advanced View
(may not appear exactly as shown)
Video
Use the Video aspect to use preconfigured profiles that best match your
viewing environment. Switch to the Advanced view to manually adjust
video overlay and choose a preferred viewing mode, such as Widescreen or
Fullscreen modes.
To access the Video aspect
• Select Video in either Basic or Advanced View.
Display Options
The Display Options aspect gives you additional control to optimize
performance of OpenGL® and Direct 3D® applications.
Color 23
Use 3D Refresh Rate Override to set a refresh rate of your choice when a
full-screen application or game has a default refresh rate that is lower than
optimal.
Choose one of the Display Detection Options to prevent screen flicker
when detecting a display.
If you are using an older TV or one that has non-standard inputs that may
not be automatically detected, use Force TV Detection. When a TV is
detected using this method, it appears in the Displays Manager aspect and
can be configured as required. However, some features that rely on
automatic detection, such as extended desktop, will not be supported.
Color
Use the Color page to adjust the color properties of your Desktop and Fullscreen 3D applications and games. Use the Color Correction Images to
preview the changes before applying them.
The Color curve is a graphical representation of all the values of gamma,
brightness, or contrast. The color curve line will reflect any changes made
to these elements.
Display the Color aspect
• From the Tree View pane, click Color.
Monitor Properties
Use the Monitor Properties aspect to configure your Display Data Channel
(DDC) monitor’s attributes, to display information about the connected
monitor, and adjust the output display’s position and size.
Note: Catalyst™ Control Center loads aspects dynamically based on
what device is attached to the graphics card. If you have a display
device other than a standard monitor or flat panel display (such as an
HDTV screen) Digital Panel Properties will appear in the Graphics
Settings listing instead of Monitor Properties.
CrossFire™
The CrossFire™ aspect requires the following components to be available in
order to appear as an option within Catalyst™ Control Center:
24 Component Video Properties
• A CrossFire™ Ready motherboard with two PCI Express® X16
slots.
• A CrossFire™ Edition Series graphics card.
• An interconnect cable, supplied with the CrossFire™ Edition
graphics card, connecting the two cards to a single monitor.
Enable Catalyst™ A.I. to automatically select the preferred rendering mode
for target applications. For applications that are not identified in Catalyst™
A.I., or when Catalyst™ A.I. is disabled, default CrossFire™ rendering
modes are used. In addition, Super Anti-aliasing modes can be directly
enabled in Catalyst™ Control Center.
For the latest information, see the CrossFire™ Web page at:
ati.com/crossfire
Component Video Properties
The Component Video Properties aspect of the Catalyst™ Control Center
adds further support when using the ATI HDTV Component Video
Adapter.
Component Video Properties is made up of:
• Formats
• Avivo™ Color
• Adjustments
• Advanced
Digital Panel Properties
Use the Digital Panel Properties aspect to configure the DVI settings and
Image Scaling to improve image quality without impacting performance.
Use HDTV Support to add EDID information (containing information
about the capabilities of the display) about your connected HDTV display
to the Force button in Displays Manager.
Note: Catalyst™ Control Center loads aspects dynamically based on
what device is attached to the graphics card. If you have standard
display device such as a CRT monitor or flat panel display Monitor
Properties will appear instead of Digital Panel Properties. The latter
is designed for use with such devices as HDTV displays.
Hotkeys Manager 25
Hotkeys Manager
The Hotkeys Manager allows you to create shortcut key combinations to
quickly perform tasks such as changing a graphics setting or opening an
application. A hot key is a combination of one or more modifier keys, such
as Ctrl, Alt, or Shift, and any letter from the alphabet.
Note: Hotkeys Manager is only available in Advanced View.
To access Hotkeys Manager
• Click Hotkeys in Advanced View of the Catalyst™ Control Center.
Profiles Manager
Use profiles to create customized environments for your desktop, video,
and 3D applications. Define and save into a profile your own personal
video settings that can be quickly activated manually, through a hot key, or
by file association.
Note: A profile applies to a specific graphics card. If there is more
than one graphics card installed in your computer, you need to select
the appropriate card before creating, loading, or activating a profile.
Note: Profiles Manager is only available in Advanced View.
To access the Profiles Manager
• Click the Profiles button in Advanced View of the Catalyst™
Control Center.
Preferences
Use the Preferences page to restore factory defaults, change skins, or
enable/disable the System Tray icon.
The Catalyst™ Control Center Preferences page contains the following
options:
• Hide Tooltips
• Always on Top
• Enable System Tray menu
• Restore factory defaults
• Hide Toolbar Text
• Select a Language
• Select a Skin
26 CrossFire™
To access Preferences
• Click Preferences in Advanced View of the Catalyst™ Control
Center.
CrossFire™
Access CrossFire™
• Select CrossFire™ in Advanced View.
Enable CrossFire™
1
From the Tree View pane, click CrossFire™ in Advanced View.
2
Click Enable CrossFire™.
When CrossFire™ is successfully enabled all display devices, except the
one used by CrossFire™, will be disabled.
Note: CrossFire™ Higher Quality anti-aliasing can be adjusted in the
Catalyst™ Control Center 3D settings aspect.
Profiles Manager 27
Catalyst™ Control Center: CrossFire™ is enabled
(may not appear exactly as shown)
Profiles Manager
Use profiles to create customized environments for your desktop, video,
and 3D applications. Define and save into a profile your own personal
video settings that can be quickly activated manually, through a hot key, or
by file association.
Note: A profile applies to a specific graphics card. If there is more
than one graphics card installed in your computer, you need to select
the appropriate card before creating, loading, or activating a profile.
Note: Profiles Manager is only available in Advanced View.
28 Profiles Manager
•
Using TV Out 29
CHAPTER 6:
Using TV Display and Capture Features
This chapter describes how to use the TV display and video capture
features of your Radeon® X1950 XTX card.
Using TV Out
Your Radeon® X1950 XTX has TV Out capability.
Viewing Your PC’s Display on a TV
You can attach your Radeon® X1950 XTX to a TV and a monitor at the
same time.
Note: A TV can only be connected to one DVI connector.
L
IMPORTANT INFORMATION for European Customers
Some PC monitors in Europe cannot be used simultaneously with TV
display. When you enable TV display in Europe, the refresh rate for the
monitor and TV is set to 50 Hz. Some monitors may not support this
refresh rate and could be damaged.
• Please check the documentation supplied with your monitor to see if
your monitor supports a refresh rate of 50 Hz.
• If your monitor does not support 50 Hz (or if you are not sure), turn off
your monitor before turning on your PC when using your TV as a
display.
TV display is ideal for giving presentations and watching movies, or
playing games on a screen larger than a typical monitor. The following tips
will help you get the most out of your TV Out feature.
Connecting to a TV
Your Radeon® X1950 XTX card transmits HDCP compliant signals to
digital TVs.
To use a DVI connection
1
Determine if your TVsupports DVI. If it does not, you will need a
DVI adapter for the video signal.
30 Using TV Out
2
Power off your computer and your TV.
3
Looking at the back of your PC, locate your DVI connection. Using a
DVI cable,attach one end of the cable to your graphics card and the
other to your TV.
Connecting to a TV
4
1
DVI Connection on graphics card
2
TV
3
DVI Cable
4
Computer
Power on your TVfirst, then your computer.
Using a Monitor vs. Using TV Display
Using your TV for your computer’s display can be useful, however, the
display on your monitor may change or looked squashed. This distortion
occurs because the display adjusts to fit the dimensions of your TV. To
correct the monitor’s display, use the monitor’s control buttons to adjust its
display size and position.
Connecting to HDTV 31
Some single-frequency monitors may not work with TV display enabled. If
you experience problems when TV display is enabled, disable TV display
to restore your monitor’s display.
Viewing Text on a TV
A TV is designed primarily to show moving images. The large dot pitch of
a TV will yield poor quality static images. The small text sizes commonly
used for PC desktops can appear blurred or unclear on a TV. You can
compensate for this degradation by using larger fonts.
Using a TV as the Only Display
If you plan to move your computer to a place where you are using TV
display only, make sure that you have the TV display feature enabled prior
to removing the monitor.
The maximum display resolution for TV is 1024 x 768. Choosing a
resolution higher than this will cause the TV display to disappear if it is the
only display device.
Using Games and Applications
Some older games and applications may program your Radeon® X1950
XTX directly to run under a specific display mode. This may cause your
TV display to turn off automatically or become scrambled (your PC
monitor or portable LCD display will not be affected). Your TV display
will be restored once you exit the game or if you restart your computer.
Connecting to HDTV
View computer output directly on your High Definition Television
(HDTV) or other component input device. Provide a big-screen experience
for your computer that is ideal for playing games, giving presentations,
watching movies, and browsing the Internet.
HDTV uses YPbPr connectors to receive input. YPbPr stands for the
following:
• Y = Green
• Pb = Blue
• Pr = Red
32 Connecting to HDTV
The HDTV Component Video Adapter can be used in place of the standard
A/V Output cable to connect to an HDTV or other component input device,
using component video cables.
L
You must have a monitor attached to your computer before installing
the ATI HDTV. For proper operation of your ATI Component Video
Adapter, ATI display drivers must be correctly installed.
ATI HDTV Cable
1
ATI HDTV Video Output Cable
2
Backplate of the ATI Graphics Card
3
Male RCA Patch Cables – available from consumer electronics dealer
4
Typical HDTV Video Input Connections
Note: Input and output cables lengths should not exceed 50 feet
(15m).
Installing your ATI HDTV video cable
1
Turn on your component input device, and set it to YPbPr input.
Note: See your HDTV or component input device manual for
configuration information specific to your device.
Connecting to HDTV 33
2
Turn on your computer.
Note: Your TV will not display anything until Windows starts. This
can take several minutes.
Using Your ATI HDTV Video Cable
Use the HDTV Video Cable to watch DVD movies and play video games
on your High Definition Television.
L
Copy-protected DVDs restrict playback to 480i and 480p modes.
For maximum performance when you watch DVD movies or play
computer games on your HDTV, you should find the mode and screen
resolution that provide the best result on your TV, and use those settings
exclusively.
34 Connecting to HDTV
CrossFire™ Overview 35
CHAPTER 7:
Using the Radeon® X1950 XTX
with CrossFire™
The Radeon® X1950 XTX can be used as a Slave graphics card in a
CrossFire™ system.
For the full system requirements necessary to put together a working
CrossFire™ system, see the CrossFire™ FAQ.
CrossFire™ Overview
This section provides an overview of the main features and configurations
for CrossFire™. These topics will be covered in more detail in other chapters
of this manual.
Allowable CrossFire™ System Components
The basic requirements of a CrossFire™ system are a CrossFire™ certified
motherboard with two PCI Express® x16 slots, a CrossFire™ Edition
graphics card, and a compatible CrossFire™ Compatible graphics card.
A CrossFire™ Edition graphics card works with all members of the same
brand-family. Thus a CrossFire™ Edition graphics card can be used with
any Radeon® X1950 product.
For an up-to-date listing of CrossFire™ certified motherboards, see:
ati.com/crossfire
CrossFire™ Rendering Modes
A CrossFire™ system has four possible display modes:
• SuperTiling
• Scissor Mode
• Alternate Frame Rendering
• Super Anti-aliasing.
36 CrossFire™ Rendering Modes
The first three are performance-oriented modes, while Super Anti-aliasing
is a quality-oriented mode. Each mode uses a different method for dividing
the workload required to render a 3D image across multiple GPUs. Only
one mode can be in operation at any given time.
The ATI Catalyst™ display driver will automatically select the best of the
three performance modes when a 3D application is started, without
requiring user intervention. The user can also choose to improve image
quality by selecting the new Super Anti-aliasing modes in the Catalyst™
Control Center.
SuperTiling
In this mode, each frame to be rendered is divided into a number of tiles in
an alternating checkerboard pattern, so that half of the tiles are assigned to
each of the two GPUs. Each tile is kept to a relatively small 32x32 pixel
square, so this method does a good job of balancing the workload across
each GPU regardless of what is being rendered on the display, doing so
without any software overhead.
1
PCI Express® CrossFire™ Compatible Graphics Card
2
Radeon® X1950 XTX CrossFire™ Edition Graphics Card
CrossFire™ Rendering Modes 37
3
Partial Frame Rendered on PCI Express® CrossFire™ Compatible
Graphics Card
4
Partial Frame Rendered on PCI Express® CrossFire™ Edition
Graphics Card
5
Final Rendered Frame on Display
SuperTiling has the advantage of being able to work with practically any
3D application. However, there are a small number of applications where
the SuperTiling workload distribution does not provide optimal
performance. For these special cases, Scissor Mode can be used.
Scissor Mode
In this mode, each frame is split into two sections, with each section being
processed by one GPU. The ideal configuration is determined
automatically for each application.
1
PCI Express® CrossFire™ Compatible Graphics Card
2
Radeon® X1950 XTX CrossFire™ Edition Graphics Card
3
Partial Frame Rendered on PCI Express® CrossFire™ Compatible
Graphics Card
38 CrossFire™ Rendering Modes
4
Partial Frame Rendered on PCI Express® CrossFire™ Edition
Graphics Card
5
Final Rendered Frame on Display
Although Scissor Mode is generally a less efficient means of splitting the
workload than using SuperTiling, there are a few cases where it can be
more efficient. It is supported by CrossFire™ in order to maximize
compatibility and performance.
Alternate Frame Rendering (AFR) Mode
In this mode, all even frames are rendered on one GPU, while all odd
frames are rendered on the other. The completed frames from both GPUs
are sent to the Compositing Engine on the CrossFire™ Edition card, which
then sends them on to the display. By allowing both GPUs to work
independently, AFR provides the greatest potential performance
improvements of all the available modes. It is also the only mode that
allows the full vertex processing performance of both GPUs to be
combined.
1
PCI Express® CrossFire™ Compatible Graphics Card
2
Radeon® X1950 XTX CrossFire™ Edition Graphics Card
Super Anti-aliasing Mode 39
3
Partial Frame Rendered on PCI Express® CrossFire™ Compatible
Graphics Card
4
Partial Frame Rendered on PCI Express® CrossFire™ Edition
Graphics Card
5
Final Rendered Frame on Display
The main limitation of this mode is that it cannot be used in applications
where the appearance of the current frame is dependent upon data
generated in previous frames, since AFR generates successive frames
simultaneously on different GPUs. In these cases, the SuperTiling or
Scissor Mode is used instead.
Super Anti-aliasing Mode
Anti-aliasing (AA) is a rendering technique designed to remove jagged
edges, shimmering, and pixelation problems that are common in rendered
3D images. Rather than simply determining the color of each pixel on the
screen by sampling a single location at the pixel’s center, anti-aliasing
works by sampling multiple locations within each pixel and blending the
results together to determine the final color.
The latest generation of ATI’s Radeon® GPUs with SmoothVision™ HD
technology uses a method known as Multi-sample Anti-aliasing (MSAA).
This method takes samples from 2, 4, or 6 programmable locations within
each pixel, and uses gamma correct sample blending for high-quality
smoothing of polygon edges. The new CrossFire Super Anti-aliasing mode
takes advantage of the programmable sample capability of SmoothVision™
HD to provide higher quality anti-aliasing on CrossFire™ systems.
It works by having each GPU render the same frame with anti-aliasing
enabled, but uses different sample locations for each. When both versions
of the frame are completed, they are blended in the CrossFire Compositing
engine. The resulting image has effectively twice the number of samples,
so 4x and 6x Anti-aliasing becomes 8x and 12x Super Anti-aliasing,
respectively.
40 Super Anti-aliasing Mode
1
PCI Express® Slave Graphics Card
2
Radeon® X1950 XTX Master Graphics Card
3
Partial Frame Rendered on PCI Express® Slave Graphics Card
4
Partial Frame Rendered on PCI Express® Master Graphics Card
5
Final Rendered Frame on Display
Some types of textures, especially those with transparent portions, can
exhibit aliasing that is not removed by MSAA techniques. Another form of
anti-aliasing, known as Super-sample Anti-aliasing (SSAA), can be useful
in these cases, because it affects every pixel in an image. Although it
normally operates more slowly than MSAA, the power of multiple GPUs
can make SSAA practical to use.
SSAA first renders a scene at a higher resolution than that which is output
to the display, which is then downsampled to the display’s resolution. This
approach normally has two main disadvantages: it requires rendering many
more pixels than normal, which can have a drastic impact on performance,
and that it results in an ordered grid sample pattern, which does a poor job
of anti-aliasing some types of jagged edges. CrossFire™’s Super Antialiasing overcomes both of these problems. It takes advantage of the second
GPU to render the additional pixels required for each frame, so there is little
or no performance impact. It can also make use of a more effective sample
Super Anti-aliasing Mode 41
pattern that does a better job of anti-aliasing near-horizontal and nearvertical edges, resulting in better overall image quality.
Two of the new Super Anti-aliasing modes use a combination of MSAA
and SSAA to achieve the ultimate in image quality. They work by not only
using different multi-sample locations on each GPU, but also by offsetting
the pixel centers slightly. In effect, each GPU renders the image from a
different viewpoint, about half a pixel width apart. The new 10x and 14x
Super Anti-aliasing modes operate in this manner, combining 2x SSAA
with 4x and 6x MSAA, respectively.
Both of these modes work together with SmoothVision™ HD Anisotropic
Filtering (AF).
The new Super Anti-aliasing modes can be enabled by users through the
ATI Catalyst™ Control Center interface.
Note: Enabling the Super Anti-aliasing modes (x8, x10, x12 x14),
disables performance enhancing multi-GPU rendering to provide
better image quality.
42 Super Anti-aliasing Mode
43
CHAPTER 8:
CrossFire™ FAQ
The following are frequently-asked questions about CrossFire™.
For the latest information, please consult the CrossFire™ Web site at:
ati.com/crossfire
1
What combination of products are required to build a working
CrossFire™ system?
Three components are required:
• a CrossFire™ Edition graphics card that works as the Master
graphics card.
• a CrossFire™ Ready graphics card from the same brand-family
that works as the Slave graphics card.
• a CrossFire™ Ready motherboard (which contains two PCIe™
X16 slots).
More information on the requirements for each of these components
can be found within this FAQ.
2
What graphics cards work with CrossFire™?
A CrossFire™ graphics card works with all members of the same
brand-family. Thus a Radeon® X1800 CrossFire™ Edition can be used
as the Master graphics card with any member of the Radeon® X1800
family.
3
What motherboards support CrossFire™?
Any certified CrossFire™ motherboards based on Intel® and ATI
chipsets.
4
Are there specific CMOS motherboard settings for CrossFire™?
On some motherboards, the CMOS may be set by default to support
only a single PCI Express® X16 slot. Ensure that both PCIe™ X16
slots are enabled in the CMOS.
44
5
Which slot does the CrossFire™ Master card go into on the
motherboard?
The CrossFire™ Master card must go into the primary PCI Express®
slot (slot zero) on the motherboard.
Note: To determine which PCIe™ slot is the primary slot, consult
your motherboard manual.
Alternately, to determine whether or not a CrossFire™ Edition card is
in the correct slot, connect your display directly to the DVI-I
connection on the Master graphics card instead of using the
CrossFire™ connector, with both graphics cards seated in their
respective slots on the motherboard. If an image appears on the screen
upon boot-up, the card has been placed in the correct slot on the
motherboard.
6
Are there any software settings required for CrossFire™ to work?
Yes, there is a setting in the Catalyst™ Control Center that needs to be
enabled for CrossFire™ to operate. When all of the hardware and
software has been properly set up and installed, the following
CrossFire™ aspect appears in Catalyst™ Control Center:
45
To access and enable CrossFire™ in Catalyst™ Control Center, do the
following:
• Click CrossFire™ in Advanced View. Then, select Enable
CrossFire™.
When CrossFire™ is successfully enabled, all display devices except
the one used by CrossFire™ will be disabled. Multiple monitors/
displays that are disabled when CrossFire™ is enabled reappear after
CrossFire™ is disabled.
To change to Advanced View:
• Click the Dashboard View button and select Advanced View.
• Select Displays Manager in the tree view.
7
What is the difference between a CrossFire™ Edition graphics
card and a standard graphics card from the same family?
CrossFire™ Edition graphics cards include a “compositing engine”, a
chip that takes the partially rendered image from the Slave graphics
card and merges it with the partially rendered image from the Master
46
graphics card. The result is a complete frame rendered at up to twice
the performance of a single graphics card.
8
How are the graphics cards connected on a CrossFire™ system?
The two cards are connected by an external cable. The cable is
attached from the Slave graphics card’s DVI-I connection to the
CrossFire™ Edition’s CrossFire™ connection, which is used to convey
information from the Slave graphics card to the Master graphics card
and transmit the combined signal to a display device.
9
Which games/applications work with CrossFire™?
CrossFire™ works with all full-screen 3D games and applications.
Catalyst™ A.I. is enabled by default in the Catalyst™ Control Center
software. This automatically selects the optimal rendering mode for
the application.
10 Is a driver profile required to make CrossFire™ work?
No. CrossFire™ is enabled by default for all full-screen 3D games and
applications.
11 What happens if you pair a two CrossFire™ Edition graphics
cards with different architectures?
In this scenario both graphics cards will operate at the speed of the
slower graphics cards while in CrossFire™ mode. You will be required
to restart your computer for this matching to take place.
12 What happens if the CrossFire™ Edition graphics card and the
CrossFire™ Ready graphics card have different clock speeds?
Both cards will continue to operate at their individual clock speeds;
neither card is “stepped down.” The compositing engine on the
CrossFire™ Edition card merges the resulting images independent of
the clock speed on either graphics card.
13 On what basis are different rendering modes chosen?
When Catalyst™ A.I. is enabled in Catalyst™ Control Center, it
determines the optimal rendering mode to use, based on the
application or game being used. The default rendering mode is
dependant on both the hardware configuration and the application
being run.
14 What type of performance improvement is expected?
Performance enhancements experienced on a CrossFire™ system
depend on the application or game being used. Performance
improvements can be increased up to 100%.
47
15 How many independent displays can be connected to a
CrossFire™ system?
While CrossFire™ is designed for optimal use on a single display, it is
possible to drive multiple monitors using a CrossFire™ system when
CrossFire™ is not enabled. If the motherboard contains an integrated
video connection and SurroundView™ is enabled, more displays can
be added. However, when CrossFire™ is enabled all display devices
connected to both CrossFire™ graphics card will be disabled except
the one connected to the CrossFire™ connector.
Additional troubleshooting tip are covered in the “Reference” chapter.
48
Troubleshooting 49
CHAPTER 9:
Reference
This chapter provides information on troubleshooting, where to get
additional accessories, how to register your product, plus warranty and
compliance information.
Troubleshooting
The following troubleshooting tips may help if you experience problems.
ATI’s documentation contains helpful installation/configuration tips and
other valuable feature information. Please contact your dealer for more
advanced troubleshooting information.
General Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Solution
Computer Does
Not Boot-Up
Properly
•
•
•
•
•
Verify that the installation instructions were properly
followed.
Check that the card is properly installed in your system
and connected to your monitor.
If you have problems during start-up, restart your
computer in Safe Mode.
While starting Windows® XP, press and hold F8 until
you see the Windows® Advanced Options Menu. Use
the arrow keys to select Safe Mode, and press Enter.
Check the system configuration utility of your operating
system for the interrupt assignments.
Contact ATI’s Customer Care or your local technical
support.
50 Troubleshooting
General Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Solution
No Display
•
•
•
•
•
Screen Defects
Appear
•
•
Check that the card is seated properly in its expansion
slot.
Ensure that the monitor cable is securely fastened to
the card.
Make sure that the monitor and computer are plugged
in and receiving power.
If necessary, disable any built-in graphics capabilities
on your mother board. For more information, consult
your computer’s manual or manufacturer. (Note: some
manufacturers do not allow the built-in graphics to be
disabled or to become the secondary display.)
Make sure that you selected the appropriate monitor
when you installed your enhanced driver.
Check if your monitor supports the resolution,
horizontal (kHz) and vertical (Hz) refresh rates as
required by the graphics card.
Check your current resolution, refresh rate, and color
depth settings in the Settings and Monitor tabs in your
Display Properties dialog.
Warning! Ensure that both video card and monitor
support resolution and refresh rates you select.
Incompatible resolution/refresh rate selection may result in
monitor damage. Refer to your monitor's documentation
for recommended resolutions and refresh rates.
Off-Center
Screen Image,
Odd Colors or No
Picture
•
•
•
•
Operating
System Warns
that Video Card
Isn’t Properly
Configured
•
•
Try adjusting the brightness, sharpness, contrast, and
color balance controls of your monitor.
Try adjusting the centering and positioning controls of
your monitor to position the picture on the screen
Set the monitor's RGB inputs (and sync switches, if this
option is available) to 75 Ohms, with the sync set to
external.
Digital Flat Panel (DFP) monitor users: refer to your
monitor's documentation for the appropriate cable and
connector to plug into the DVI-I connector on the
graphics card.
Check the driver installation and make sure that all
software is correctly loaded corresponding to your
operating system and applications.
Re-install the ATI drivers for your Radeon® X1950 XTX
card.
Troubleshooting 51
CrossFire™-Specific Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Solution
CrossFire™ is Not
Functioning
In order for CrossFire™ to function the interconnect cable
must be correctly connected to both the Master and Slave
graphics cards.
1. Connect the DMS-59™ connector of the interconnect
cable to the DMS-59™ connection on the Master card.
2. Connect the DVI-I connector of the interconnect cable
to the DVI-I connection on the Slave card.
3. Connect the remaining DVI-I connector of the
interconnect cable to your monitor.
On graphics cards with two DVI-I connectors, only one
DVI-I connector on the Slave card supports Transition
Minimized Differential Signaling (TMDS) required by
CrossFire™. If CrossFire™ does not appear in the Catalyst™
Control Center or is not available, try connecting to the
second DVI-I connector on the Slave card.
“Before
CrossFire™ can
be enabled, you
need to close the
3D application or
video playback
that is currently
running.”
You will not be able to start CrossFire™ if a 3D application,
game, or video playback, such as a DVD movie, is
running.
Close all open 3D applications, games, and movie player
applications then enable CrossFire™.
“The CrossFire™
Edition card must
be installed on
the 1st boot-up
slot on your
motherboard.”
A message recommending the reversal of graphics card
positions appears if the Master graphics card is not
installed in the correct PCI Express® slot. Typically, the
Master graphics card should be placed in Slot 0 (Slot
zero).
See your motherboard’s manual to determine the correct
CrossFire™ placement of Master and Slave graphics cards
for your system.
CrossFire™
Aspect in
Catalyst™ Control
Center is Not
Displayed
CrossFire™ aspect is only available for the Master graphics
adapter. Make certain that the motherboard’s system
BIOS has Dual PCIe™ slots enabled. Also make certain
that the master and slave graphics cards are in the correct
PCIe™ slot. For more information see your motherboard’s
manual.
52 Troubleshooting
CrossFire™-Specific Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Solution
“CrossFire™ Is
Currently
Unavailable.”
This error is occurred because CrossFire™ did not
correctly detect your graphics hardware or their is a
problem with the software.
• Check the graphics card are installed correctly.
• Check the interconnect cable is installed correctly.
• Close all running 3D applications.
• Re-install the Catalyst™ Control Center.
For information on installing the software see the Getting
Started Guide that came with your graphics card.
“The hardware
capabilities (such
as memory size)
of the CrossFire™
Edition and
regular card are
mismatched.”
Graphics card with different amounts of memory can by
used with CrossFire™. However, restarting your computer
is required prior to using your system in CrossFire™ mode.
This will cause CrossFire™ to reduce the amount of
memory being used on the larger card to match the
memory size of the smaller card.
Clicking OK to the memory mismatch error message will
restart your computer.
When disabling CrossFire™ you will be given the option to
restart your computer to restore the original graphics
memory size or continue with the reduced memory size.
Cannot Use ATI
Overdrive
ATI Overdrive is not an available feature on CrossFire™
systems.
Screen Rotation
Function Does
Not Work or is
Unavailable
Screen rotation is not an available feature on CrossFire™
systems.
Unable to get
CrossFire™ to
work on a
Windows® XP
Professional x64
Edition system.
Ensure that the proper drivers for both graphics cards has
been properly installed.
If both graphics cards have already inserted onto the
motherboard, connect a display to the DVI connection of
the CrossFire™ Master graphics card and then install the
drivers for both graphics cards.
VIVO on Slave
Card Does Not
Work
If a VIVO (Video In, Video Out) connection is available on
the Slave card, its functionality is not supported in this
configuration. If the graphics card is moved into the
primary PCI Express® slot, VIVO functionality will return.
Product Registration 53
HDTV/HDTV Adapter Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Solution
The colors on my
TV display are
incorrect
•
Ensure that the connections between the Component
Video Adapter and your HDTV are correct (Y=Green,
Pb=Blue, Pr=Red).
There is no
display on my TV
•
Your TV will not display anything until Windows starts;
this may take several minutes.
Set your TV to YPbPr input.
Ensure that the HDTV Component Video Adapter is
properly connected, then restart your computer.
•
•
DVDs will not
play in 720p or
1080i modes
•
Copy-protected DVDs restrict playback to 480i and
480p modes.
I can’t see the
entire display
•
If your component input device supports it, try 720p
mode.
The display
appears tilted
•
Consult your HDTV user’s manual.
My CRT display is
green
•
Your system is in component output mode. Restart
your computer with the CRT monitor connected.
Product Registration
To activate Customer Care you must register your product with ATI at:
ati.com/online/registration
Customer Care
For detailed instructions on how to use your ATI product, refer to the
Online User’s Guide included on your ATI installation CD-ROM.
54 Customer Care
If you require further assistance with your product, the following Customer
Care options are available:
Service
Availability
Language
Access
Online
24/7
English,
French,
Spanish,
Portuguese,
German
ati.com
English
1-877-284-1566 (toll-free)
or
Mail
Telephone
US &
Canada
9:00AM 7:00PM EST.
Monday to
Friday.
or
ATI TECHNOLOGIES INC.
Attention: Customer Care
1 Commerce Valley Drive East
Markham, Ontario
Canada L3T 7X6
or
1-905-882-2626 (International
and/or local toll charges to
Canada will apply).
Telephone
Europe
and Other
Regions
Telephone
Latin
America /
South
America
10:30 to
00:00 GMT
English
+00800-6677-1111 (toll-free)
or
10:30 to
19:00 GMT
GermanFrench
12:00 to
20:30 GMT
SpanishPortuguese
7:00AM to
3:30 PM EST
Spanish,
Portuguese
+1-905-882-5549 (International
and/or local toll charges to
Canada will apply)
+0800-333-5277(Argentina)
+0800-891-9068 (Brazil)
+001800-514-3276 (Mexico)
7:00AM to
7:00PM EST
English
other:
+1-905-882-3277 (International
and/or local toll charges to
Canada will apply)
ATI Customer Care will work to resolve your issue and help you to get your
ATI product up and running. If your issue is not resolved, our technicians
will determine whether the difficulty you are experiencing is the result of
the ATI product, whether your product contains a defect, and whether your
product is under warranty.
Additional Accessories 55
• ATI Customer Care is unable to assist with refunds, returns, or
exchange specific inquiries. If resolving the problem being
experienced is critical to your decision to keep the product, it is
your responsibility to ensure that you know and are within the
period of time your reseller will allow for refunds, returns or
exchange.
• ATI is not responsible for any expense incurred accessing
Customer Care. It is expected that customers will review the
expense associated with the available support options and will
choose the method that best meets their needs and budget.
• ATI Customer Care reserves the right to limit support options for
products that are not registered or are at End of Life.
Additional Accessories
Additional and replacement cables, installation CD-ROMs, manuals, and
other accessories for ATI products can be purchased from the online ATI
store at:
ati.com/online/accessories
Compliance Information
This section details the compliance information for this product.
FCC Compliance Information
This Radeon product complies with FCC Rules part 15. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions
• This device may not cause harmful interference.
• This device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant
to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with manufacturer's instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in
a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try
to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna.
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
56 Compliance Information
•
Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
The use of shielded cables for connection of the monitor to the graphics card is
required to ensure compliance with FCC regulations. Changes or modifications to
this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could
void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
Industry Canada Compliance Statement
ICES-003 This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la Classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
For further compliance information:
ATI Research Inc.
62 Forest Street.
Marlborough, MA
01752
USA
508-303-3900
CE Compliance Information
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC and amendments 91/263/EEC, 92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC, Class B Digital
Device EN 55022:2003/CISPR 22 Class B, Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Interference
Characteristics Information Technology Equipment.
EN 55024:1998/CISPR 24:1997 +A1:2001 +A2:2003, Immunity of Information Technology Equipment
(ITE), including EN 61000-4-2, EN 61000-4-3, EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5, EN 61000-4-6
Informations de conformité de la CE
Directive EMC 89/336/CEE et amendements 92/31/CEE et 93/68/CEE, pour dispositif numérique de
Classe B.
EN 55022:2003/CISPR 22:1997, - Classe B - Limites et méthodes de mesure des caractéristiques
d'interférences radiophoniques, Matériel des technologies de l'information.
EN 55024:1998/CISPR 24:1997 +A1:2001 +A2:2003, Norme sur l'immunité de matériel des
technologies de l'information, et comprenant EN 61000-4-2, EN 61000-4-3, EN 61000-4-4, EN 610004-5, EN 61000-4-6
Electrical Safety
73/23/EEC - The Low Voltage Directive
IEC 60950-1:2001, IEC 60950:1999, 3rd Edition - Safety of Information Technology Equipment
BS EN60950-1:2002, BS EN60950:2000, 3rd Edition UL 60950-1:2003, UL 60950:2000, 3rd Edition
CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1:2002, CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 60950-00, 3rd Edition (2000)
To meet UL safety requirements, the computer’s maximum room temperature should not exceed 40º C.
Compliance Information 57
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
(WEEE) Directive Compliance
This product was manufactured by ATI Technologies Inc.
58 Compliance Information
59
CHAPTER 10:
Glossary
2D
Acronym for “two dimensional,” a term applied to computer graphics that
are “flat.” Typical desktop applications such as word processors,
spreadsheet programs, or other programs that manipulate print or simple
graphics (such as pictures or line art) are generally considered to be
operating within a 2D environment, even when they include simple three
dimensional elements, such as buttons.
Pulldown
Pulldown is a telecine technique used to transfer motion picture film shot
at one frame rate to a video format at a different frame rate. Typical NTSC
video contains more frames per second than motion picture film for even
division between frames, so that every 4 frames of film can be reproduced
as 5 separate NTSC frames, the “extra frame” created by interlacing
interpolated frames. The features produces a smoother NTSC video image
from a motion picture film source, and can be used for better edge image
processing in the Vector Adaptive Deinterlacing feature within Catalyst™
Control Center.
3D
Acronym for “three dimensional,” referring to computer graphics that
appear to have volume and depth. Various modeling processes take the
representation of a three dimensional object provided by the computer
program and render it by using various lighting components, applying
textures, and setting layers of transparency or opacity as required in order
to produce a realistic representation of a three-dimensional object on a twodimensional display.
3Dc™
An ATI hardware-based compression technology that reduces the size of
3D texture data, rendering more finely-grained texture surfaces with
greater efficiency. It significantly minimizes the memory footprint of
normal maps containing information on how light reflects off textured
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surfaces, allowing game programmers to include more texture and lighting
details without affecting performance.
Adaptive Anti-aliasing
Adaptive anti-aliasing is a technique that applies a combination of multisampling (MSAA) and super-sampling (SSAA) on 3D objects to improve
edge smoothness and fine detail. Multi-sampling works best on smoothing
the edges of solid polygons, but cannot effectively smooth edges within
polygons which are partially transparent. Super-sampling is able to more
accurately calculate color values adjacent to transparent pixel shader values
within polygons with partially transparent textures, but is not applied
universally since it is more processor-intensive. Adaptive anti-aliasing
works by using super-sampled anti-aliasing on transparent textures, and
multi-sampled anti-aliasing on all other textures. This delivers exceptional
levels of image quality, while maintaining performance.
AGP
The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) is a slot on the computer
motherboard designed specifically for 3D graphics cards. AGP runs 3D
images much more smoothly and quickly than was previously possible with
PCI video cards; AGP runs at several times the bus speed of PCI and
employs sideband addressing, so multiple data transfers between the
graphics processor and the computer can take place concurrently. AGP is
currently being phased out in favor of PCI Express® (PCIe™).
Alpha Blending
Alpha blending is used in 3D graphics to create transparent or opaque
effects for surfaces such as glass and water. Alpha is a transparency value,
so the lower the value, the more transparent the image looks. It is also used
in animations to produce such things as fading effects, where one image
gradually fades into another.
Alternate Frame Rendering
A graphical load-balancing scheme where two graphics cards are used to
render alternate frames of the display. This configuration increases the
detail of the 3D objects each card can render, as each card handles half of
the total number of frames. Essentially, each card has more time to render
a scene, delivering a noticeable increase in 3D detail. This type of graphical
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operation is only available in Radeon® CrossFire™ graphics cards running
Microsoft® Direct 3D® and OpenGL® games or applications.
Anisotropic Filtering
A technique that preserves the surface details of an object as it recedes into
the distance by utilizing and blending together the object’s texture maps.
This makes 3D objects appear more realistic as the detail of their surface
texture is retained in a smooth, seamless fashion on the sections that move
or fade away into the background.
Anti-aliasing
A method that smooths out the jagged edges of a curved object. A black
curved line on a white background displayed on a computer screen will
have some jaggedness along its edges due to the inherent limitations of
using discrete pixels to display the image. Anti-aliasing smooths out this
jaggedness by filling in the white spaces between the jagged edges with
varying shades of grey.
Aspect
A group of related features in ATI’s Catalyst™ Control Center software. For
example, the Color aspect clusters together controls that handles gamma,
brightness, contrast, and other features relating directly to the display of
color. Similarly, the 3D aspect provides a set of related controls dealing
with such features as anti-aliasing, anisotropic filtering, mipmap details
levels, and more.
Aspect Ratio
The proportions of a display are expressed as a ratio of its width and height.
Common ratios include 4:3 for TVs and CRTs, 5:4 for LCDs, and 16:9 for
widescreen displays.
Avivo™ Color
Avivo™ Color is an advanced feature within Catalyst™ Control Center,
providing the user with precise control over how color is displayed on a
monitor. Avivo™ Color provides tools to adjust the Hue and Saturation
values on a per-monitor basis, making it possible to optimize the use of a
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single display within its existing ambient lighting environment, or to better
color match two or more adjacent monitors.
Back Buffer
A type of offscreen memory used to provide smooth video and 2D graphics
acceleration. This technique uses two frame buffers, so the process is often
referred to as “double-buffering.” While the contents of one buffer are
displayed, a second buffer, called the “back” buffer, holds the frame being
worked on. In this way, users will only see complete, smooth frames
displayed onscreen.
Bilinear Filtering
This filtering method reduces the blockiness caused when zooming into a
3D surface that is at a right angle to the viewer. A newspaper photo
examined closely enough will show that the picture is made up of tiny dots.
If the photo was enlarged it would start to look “blocky” and less distinct.
This is also a problem for computer-generated images, especially for
surface details.
Bit Depth
Refers to the number of data bits required to store color information about
a pixel. Larger bit depth means a greater range of color information is
capable of being encoded into each pixel. For example, 1 binary bit of
memory can only encode to either “0” or “1.” So a graphical bit depth of 1
means that the display can only show two colors, the black and white of a
monochrome display. Four-bit color depth is capable of displaying 16
colors because there are only 16 different combinations of 4 bits (“0000”,
“0001”, “0010”... to “1111”). Sixteen-bit color is capable of reproducing
65,536 colors, 24-bit color can display up to 16,777,216 individual colors,
and 30-bit color can display up to one billion individual colors.
Bitmap
A bitmap is a graphic or character representation composed of individual
pixels, arranged horizontally in rows. A monochrome bitmap uses one bit
per pixel (bpp). Color bitmaps may use up to 32bpp, depending on the color
depth selected.
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Brightness
The amount of white or black that is applied to all colors onscreen. By
making the screen “brighter” you are adding more white to it. This should
not be confused with luminosity, which measures the actual light level
emitted from the computer display.
Buffer
A name referring to portions of on-board video memory. One large buffer
is always used to display images to the screen; this is the “display buffer.”
The rest of offscreen memory is typically used by applications as back
buffers, z-buffers, and texture buffers.
Catalyst™ Control Center
Catalyst™ Control Center is the successor technology to the Catalyst™
software formerly available only through the Windows® Control Panel. It
has a new user interface, providing a more interactive means of controlling
such things as 2D and 3D performance while providing immediate
feedback using a more intuitive graphical user interface.
Color Component
Three color components—Red, Green, and Blue—combine in various
intensities to determine the color of each pixel on the screen. The values of
each color component are graphically represented by a corresponding color
curve.
Color Correction
Correct discrepancies between the real color value and the way a screen
displays it. Color discrepancies can be caused by a variety of sources,
including the lighting conditions in the work area and gradual shifts in color
over time on monitors or flat panel displays.
Color Depth
Color depth refers to the number of color shades available on your display
and is measured in bits per pixel (bpp). Typical ranges are: 256 colors
(8bpp), thousands of colors (16bpp), and millions of colors (32bpp).
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Component Video
Typically used on DVD players and HDTV systems, component video is a
standard Red/Green/Blue (RGB) color signal for televisions. The signal is
split and compressed into separate luminance and color values—luminance
(“Y”), red minus luminance (R-Y), and blue minus luminance (B-Y). The
value for green is not transmitted. The display device automatically “fills
in” the color values that are not red or blue. DVDs are encoded using
component video, so display devices will provide enhanced playback when
this type of connection is used. A common variant of this format used in
North America is YPbPr.
Composite Video
Composite video is a type of analog video signal that combines both
brightness and color information into a single signal. It typically uses a
single RCA connection for the video channel, and separate RCA
connections for the left and right audio channels. The quality of the video
signal is reduced by the process of mixing the brightness and multiple color
channels together into a single channel. For this reason it is inferior in
signal quality than either S-Video or component video. Composite video is
the broadcast format for analog television signals worldwide, and
connections are typically available on VCRs, DVD players and video
games.
Compositing Engine
A chip that is available only on CrossFire™ Edition graphics cards. This
chip takes the signals from the GPUs on both the Master graphics card and
the Slave graphics card and combines the results according to the selected
operating mode. It then sends the final frames out to the display device. It
is capable of advanced blending operations without burdening either of the
GPUs.
Control Point
A control point is a user-created point on the color curve. Users can change
the color of the screen by moving the control points with a mouse.
CRT
Acronym for “cathode ray tube”, which is the main component of computer
monitors and TVs. Color CRTs use three separate electron beams fired
through a shadow mask and onto the back of the glass screen. The electron
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beams activate separate red, green, and blue values in various strengths in
order to produce a colored image.
Dashboard
The dashboard is the part of the Catalyst™ Control Center used to display a
graphical representation of the features available in installed ATI hardware
and software. The dashboard can be used to access all of the aspects (sets
of related graphical features) available on a graphics card. The dashboard
is only available in Advanced view and Custom view which is aimed at
more experienced users.
Direct 3D®
Part of Microsoft®’s DirectX API designed for rendering 3D graphics on
Windows® systems. It provides software developers with low-level access
to functions on graphics cards, providing the type of performance
necessary for intensive 3D applications such as games.
DirectX
A Microsoft® technology, DirectX is an API that provides programmers
with direct access to low-level hardware functions for games and other
high-performance 3D applications.
Dithering
A computer graphics technique that takes advantage of the human eye’s
tendency to mix two colors that are adjacent to each other to produce
smooth boundary transitions. Dithering adds intermediate color values
between two or more boundaries, producing smoother, more natural look
to 2D images or 3D objects.
Dot pitch
Dot pitch specifies the sharpness of a monitor’s display. It is measured in
millimeters (mm) and is the distance between the individual phosphor subpixels in a CRT display or cells of the same color within an LCD display.
The smaller the number, the sharper the image. The most common dot
pitches for monitors range from .24 mm to .31 mm. Also, if a monitor with
a .24 mm dot pitch is set to its highest possible resolution, the pixel size will
equal the dot pitch. If the monitor is set to lower resolutions, the pixels will
be comprised of multiple dots.
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DVI
Acronym for “Digital Video Interface,” a standard video connection used
on many current computer displays. There are three types of DVI
connections: DVI-A (analog), DVI-D (digital), and DVI-I (integrated,
capable of either analog or digital). It supports high-bandwidth video
signals over 160 Hz, so it is most often used for high-resolution displays.
EDTV
Acronym for “Enhanced Definition Television”, which produces better
television image quality than Standard Definition Television (SDTV).
Applicable to the NTSC broadcast format, EDTV displays are capable of
depicting the standard 480 horizontal scan lines in a non-interlaced format.
Instead it paints all of the scan lines in one pass, which is called progressive
scanning, a process which also removes the “jaggies” inherent in the
interlaced television signals.
Flat Shading
A lighting technique that shades each polygon of a 3D object based on
where the source of the light is and the angle of the polygon in relation to
it. It enables relatively fast rendering of 3D objects, although it can make
those objects appear “faceted” as each visible polygon is set to a particular
color value, and consequently does not produce as realistic an effect as
obtained when using Gouraud shading.
Fog
Term used to describe the blending of an object using a fixed color as
objects are made to appear more distant from the viewer.
Frame Buffer
The portion of the memory buffer on the graphics card used to store the
image being displayed. All rendering processes have been accomplished by
this stage and this buffer contains only a one-to-one relationship of the data
to be relayed to the display.
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Frames Per Second
In terms of 3D graphics, refers to the rate at which the graphic processor
can render new screens per second. Higher rates equals better, more
naturalistic performance for such things as games set in a 3D environment.
Sometimes abbreviated to “fps.”
Gamma
Sometimes confused with brightness, gamma actually refers to the
correction that is applied to any display device in order to produce more
gradual increases or decreases in the perceived brightness for that device.
A change in gamma produces a non-linear change in the color curve,
ensuring that perceived changes in color and intensity are consistently
applied.
Gouraud Shading
A shading method used to produce a smooth lighting effect across a 3D
object. A specific color is used at each vertex of a triangle or polygon and
interpolated across the entire face.
HDCP
HDCP is an acronym for “High-Bandwidth Digital Copy Protection.” It is
a form of digital rights management designed to protect copyright of
signals being transported across DVI or HDMI™ connections. Several
international regulatory bodies have recommended its incorporation into
high-definition display and playback devices.
HDMI™
HDMI™ is an acronym for “High Definition Multimedia Interface.” It is a
19-pin connector used for transferring combined digital audio and video.
HDMI™ supports standard, enhanced, and high-definition digital video
signals, and is designed for use with VCRs, DVD players, personal
computers, and set-top boxes. A DVI adapter can be used to transfer the
video signal to an HDMI™-capable display, although audio must be
transferred from a different route, as DVI output does not support audio.
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HDTV
Acronym for “High Definition Television,” a format that produces much
greater picture quality than a standard television, and in a wide-screen
format that matches that of a movie theater screen. The two most popular
formats are 1080i and 720p, where the number represents how many
horizontal scan lines they have, and the following letter represents whether
the picture is interlaced, or the product of progressive scanning technology.
Interlaced displays paint the odd-numbered scan lines and then the evennumbered lines to produce a picture, whereas progressive scan paints all of
the scan lines at once. Both formats use an aspect ratio of 16:9. In contrast,
standard North American television signals are displayed using 480
interlaced (480i) scan lines with a more square aspect ratio of 4:3.
Hue
Refers to a specific color within the visible spectrum of light, defined by its
dominant wavelength. A light wave with a central tendency within the
range of 565-590 nm is visible as yellow. In the standard RGB color space
used by most computer displays, hue refers to a coordinate of the color as
described by its red, green, and blue values, minus any additional
brightness or saturation values for that color.
HydraVision™
HydraVision™ is ATI’s multi-monitor management software, enabling
users to manage the display of multiple windows and applications across
two or more adjacent monitors. It also includes a range of productivity
features designed to effectively manage applications in this environment.
HyperZ™ HD
HyperZ™ HD includes a number of different technologies aimed at
optimizing memory-bandwidth efficiency, particularly with respect to Zbuffer operations. The Z-Buffer, sometimes also called the Depth Buffer,
stores information used to determine the placement of objects in a 3D
environment with respect to the viewpoint of the observer. Reading and
updating this buffer typically consumes more memory than any other part
of the 3D rendering process, making it a major performance bottleneck.
HyperZ™ HD technology reduces the memory bandwidth consumed by the
Z-Buffer, thereby increasing performance while also making the 3D
environment more realistic.
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Keyframe Interpolation
This feature is also known as “morphing.” In an animation, a start and end
point are picked as the key frames. In a 3D rendering, the start point could
have a character with a neutral expression, and the end point could have
that same character smiling. Additional frames are interpolated (inserted)
between the two keyframes in order that “morphs” (transforms) the image
so that there is a smooth transition between the key frames.
KTX Buffer Region Extension
This OpenGL® programming term refers to a feature that rapidly updates
portions of the display of 3D modelling applications that change very
quickly, or have been moved or occluded. It does this by optimizing the
storage of buffer regions in the graphics card’s memory buffer. Other
applications are typically not adversely affected when this is enabled.
Lighting
In 3D computer graphics, refers to aspects and quality of the virtual light
source being used to make an object visible. Lighting can strongly affect
the “mood” of a scene. For example, a “harsh” light could be a bare
lightbulb that is glaringly bright on the objects closest to it while casting
strong shadows in the background. A “softer” light would be more diffuse
and not cast shadows, such as you would get outdoors on a typical overcast
day.
Mipmapping
The most memory-intensive aspect of 3D graphics are the textures that give
an object its realism (like wood, marble, leather, and cloth). Because
objects in real life become less detailed as they move farther away from the
viewer, 3D programmers simulate this by using less detailed, lower
resolution texture maps on distant objects. These texture maps are merely
scaled down versions of the main texture map used when the object is up
close, and they use less memory.
NTSC
The name for the type of analog television signal used throughout the
Americas (except Brazil) and in Japan. It draws a total of 525 vertical
interlaced frames of video at a refresh rate of 60 Hz, making it relatively
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flicker-free. The acronym refers to the National Television Systems
Committee, which devised this color video standard in 1953.
Offscreen Memory
An area of memory used to preload images so that they can be quickly
drawn to the screen. Offscreen memory refers to all of the remaining video
memory not taken up by the front buffer, which holds the contents of the
display screen currently visible.
OpenGL®
Short for “Open Graphics Library,” this is an industry standard for crossplatform 3D graphics development. It consists of a large number of
functions that can be called upon in various programs, such as games,
CAD, and virtual-reality systems, to produce complex 3D objects from
simpler, more “primitive” building blocks. Implementations currently exist
under Windows®, Mac OS® X, and various forms of Unix, including Linux®.
ATI Overdrive
ATI Overdrive maximizes the performance of the GPU by dynamically
altering its speed to an optimal level depending on usage. An on-chip
thermal sensor constantly monitors the temperature of the GPU, allowing
for maximum clock speed to be maintained while avoiding overheating.
PAL
An acronym for “Phase Alternating Line”, the name for a video broadcast
standard used in much of Europe (except France), most of Asia, the
Middle-East, Africa and Australia. It draws a total of 625 vertical interlaced
frames of video at a refresh rate of 25 Hz.
PCI
Acronym for “Peripheral Component Interconnect”, which is the
specification for a type of computer bus used for attaching computer
peripherals to a computer’s motherboard. PCI encompasses both integrated
motherboard components (such as built-in graphical processors) and
peripherals that fit into an expansion card slot, such as a separate graphics
card. PCI replaced the older ISA and VESA bus standards, and was itself
superseded by the AGP standard for the main graphics card bus.
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PCI Express® (PCIe™)
The successor standard to the PCI and AGP bus standards, with a
significantly faster serial communications system, further opening up
bandwidth for more communications between such peripherals as graphics
cards and the computer’s CPU. PCIe cards can come in several physical
configurations, the fastest currently being X16, which is typically used for
graphic cards, and X1, typically used for other peripherals, such as separate
multimedia cards.
Pipeline
In relation to computer graphic processors, refers to the number of separate
arithmetic units available for rendering the output on a display. In general,
more pipelines available on a graphical processor means there are more 3D
rendering capabilities available, increasing overall 3D performance.
Pixel
All computer images are made up of tiny dots. Each individual dot is called
a pixel, a word created from the term “picture element.” A pixel is the
smallest indivisible unit of a digital image and can be only a single color.
The size of the pixel depends on how the display resolution has been set.
The smallest size a pixel can be is determined by the display’s dot pitch,
which is measured in millimeters (mm).
Refresh Rate
Also referred to as “vertical refresh rate.” This is the rate at which a monitor
or television can redraw the screen from top to bottom. NTSC television
systems have a refresh rate of approximately 60 Hz whereas computer
displays typically have refresh rates of 75 Hz or more. At refresh rates of
70 Hz and lower, screen flicker is often noticeable.
Rendering
Rendering refers to the final drawing stages where the 2D image that
appears on a display is derived from its 3D descriptions. What appears on
the display may look three dimensional, but it is really just a 2D grid of
pixels designed to appear that way.
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Resolution
The resolution of any display is the number of pixels that can be depicted
on screen as specified by the number of horizontal rows against the number
of vertical columns. The default VGA resolution of many video cards is
capable of displaying 640 rows of pixels by 480 columns. The typical
resolution of current displays is set to higher values, such as 1024x768
(XGA), 1280x1024 (SXGA), or 1600x1200 (UXGA).
Saturation
Refers to the intensity of a specific hue (color). A highly saturated hue is
vivid and intense, whereas a less saturated hue appears more grey. A
completely unsaturated color is grey. In terms of the RGB color model, a
fully saturated color exists when you have 100% brightness in one of the
three channels (say, red) and 0% in the two others (green and blue).
Conversely, a fully desaturated color is one where all of the color values are
the same. Saturation can therefore be thought of as the relative difference
between the values of the channels.
SCART
SCART is an acronym for “Syndicat des Constructeurs d'Appareils
Radiorécepteurs et Téléviseurs”. SCART is an 21-pin connector used
mainly in Europe for transferring analog audio and video signals between
VCRs, DVD players, personal computers, and set-top boxes. It is
sometimes referred to as Péritel or the Euroconnector.
Scissor Mode
A graphical load-balancing scheme where two graphics cards are used to
render two halves of an image display. One graphics card renders the top
half of the screen while the second graphics card renders the bottom half.
This configuration offers a form of dynamic load balancing between the
two cards as each only needs to render 3D object details on only half of the
screen instead of the full screen at any one time. This type of graphical
operation is only available in Radeon® CrossFire™ graphics cards running
Microsoft® Direct 3D® and OpenGL® games or applications.
SDTV
SDTV is an acronym for “Standard Definition Television” that identifies
lower resolution systems when compared to High Definition Television
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(HDTV) systems. SDTV systems use the same 4:3 aspect ratio and 480
scan lines to produce a picture as regular analog television sets, but digital
decoding enhanced of the signal, displaying a sharper and crisper picture.
SDTV broadcasts are either interlaced (480i) or use progressive scan
(480p), the latter method providing the best overall image quality.
SECAM
An analog color video signal that originated in France, and is used in many
other countries, including (but not limited to) much of Eastern Europe,
parts of the Middle East and Asia. Like the PAL video standard, SECAM
also draws a total of 625 vertical interlaced frames of video at a refresh rate
of 25Hz, but uses a fundamentally different way of encoding its colors. The
name is an acronym for “Séquential Couleur avec Mémoire,” which is
French for “sequential color with memory.”
Shadow Mask
In CRT monitors, the shadow mask is a metal plate full of tiny holes that is
attached to the inside of the glass screen. It focuses the beams from the
electron guns at the back of the CRT. The distance between these holes is
called the dot pitch.
SmoothVision™ HD
SmoothVision™ HD incorporates improved anti-aliasing, anisotropic
filtering and 3Dc™ compression features designed to further enhance image
quality. Anti-aliasing performance is improved, providing better overall
detail and image quality. The enhanced anisotropic filtering ensures
sharper and clearer pictures at higher frame rates, and the new 3Dc™
compression technology makes it possible to display higher polygon counts
for 3D rendered objects.
Specular Highlight
The bright, usually small, intense light reflected from a 3D surface with a
high refraction value. From the intensity and spread of this highlight users
can differentiate between a “hard,” smooth surface, such as metal or
porcelain, or a “soft,” textured surface, such as fabric or skin.
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Super Anti-aliasing
A feature that improves image quality by combining the results of fullscreen anti-aliasing across two graphics cards in a CrossFire™
configuration. The two graphics cards work on different anti-aliasing
patterns within each frame. The results of which are combined by the
compositing engine on the CrossFire™ Master graphics card to produce 3D
images featuring smoother contours, lines, and shading effects.
SuperTiling
A graphical load-balancing scheme where two graphics cards are used to
render alternate small 32x32 pixel squares in a fine-grained checkerboard
pattern. This configuration increases image rendering quality, as each card
processes half of the complex 3D objects in the pixel squares. SuperTiling
is better optimized for most applications than Scissor Mode (where two
graphics cards are used to render the top and bottom halves of the screen),
since the checkerboard pattern better ensures a more even distribution of
what needs to be rendered. This type of graphical operation is only
available in Radeon® CrossFire™ graphics cards running Microsoft® Direct
3D® games or applications.
S-Video
Short for “Separate Video,” S-Video is a type of analog video interface that
produces a higher-quality signal compared to composite video. The signal
is split into two separate channels— luminance (Y) and chrominance (C).
Sometimes referred to as “Y/C video” or “Y/C”, the connectors typically
contain 4-pins within a single connection housing and are commonly found
on consumer DVD players, VCRs, game consoles, and related devices.
Texel
Short for “texture element,” the 3D equivalent of a pixel, describing the
base unit of the surface of a 3D object, such as a sphere; for a 2D object,
such as a circle, the base unit is a pixel.
Texture Mapping
In computer graphics, two-dimensional textured surfaces are referred to as
texture maps. Texture mapping is the process by which a two-dimensional
surface gets wrapped around a three-dimensional object so that the 3D
object takes on the same texture qualities. For example, if you take a 2D
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textured surface that looks like cloth and wrap it around a 3D sphere, the
sphere will now appear to have a cloth-like surface.
Texture Preference
Texture Preference is a feature enabling the user to select the texture quality
level for the surface of a 3D object. Selecting the highest quality possible
will provide the most realism, although it may also have some impact on
the performance of any 3D intensive application.
Transition Minimized Differential Signaling (TMDS)
A technology designed to reduce electromagnetic interference (EMI) and
improve the digital signal delivered to flat panel displays. Its encoding
algorithm converts the original 8-bit graphic data into a more fault-tolerant
10-bit signal, which is then converted back to its original 8-bit form at the
display device. The signal is also DC-balanced, allowing for the option of
transmitting the signal over fibre-optic cable. DVI connectors can
incorporate up to two TMDS links, with each “link” comprised of the
number of signals required for standard RGB output. Higher resolutions
and refresh rates than standard are possible if multiple TMDS links are
available by using multiple DVI connectors.
Trilinear Filtering
A sampling method used to produce realistic-looking 3D objects. Trilinear
filtering averages one of the bilinear filter mipmap levels along with the
standard mipmap samples.
Vector Adaptive Deinterlacing
A technique that provides smoother, less jagged edges for interlaced video
playback. Interlaced video consists of alternating odd and even numbered
scan lines, which are then mapped to an equivalent pixel-by-pixel display
on a CRT or Flat Panel Display. Without correction, jagged lines appear in
a video image either as doubled scan lines or lines that are improperly
interpolated. With vector adaptive deinterlacing, the difference in pixel
values is considered across multiple lines and alternating frames (using
Pulldown detection on the interlaced video source), and then intelligently
re-interpreted to produce smoother edges in interlaced video images.
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VersaVision™
An ATI technology enabling accelerated display rotation and scaling. Any
desktop can now be rotated 90 degrees left or right, or even 180 degrees,
while maintaining the full feature set of other ATI 2D and 3D technologies,
such as SmoothVision™. VersaVision™ works with single or multiple
displays.
Vertex Shader
Three-dimensional objects displayed on a screen are rendered using
polygons, each of which is made up of intersecting triangles. A vertex is a
corner of a triangle where it connects to another triangle, and each vertex
carries a considerable amount of information describing its coordinates in
3D space, as well as its weight, color, texture coordinates, fog, and point
size data. A vertex shader is a graphics processing function that
manipulates these values, producing such things as more realistic lighting
effects, improved complex textures such as hair and fur, and more accurate
surface deformations such as waves rippling in a pool or the stretching and
wrinkling of a character’s clothes as he or she moves.
Vertex shader units
A feature built into the graphical processor which renders the texture,
magnitude and direction of the individual triangles that comprise each
polygon of a given 3D object. The more vertex shader units available
within the graphical processor, the more complex polygons that can be
generated per clock cycle, and hence finer, more naturalistic detail and
movement is possible.
VGA Connector
A type of graphics connector, sometimes also called an analog connector.
It is the most common type of video connector available, consisting of 15pins set in three rows. The “VGA” is an acronym for “Video Graphics
Array,” which is also the name for the video resolution mode of 640x480
pixels, the lowest standard resolution supported by virtually all video cards.
Video Immersion™ II
A technology that integrates digital video features such as advanced
adaptive de-interlacing, temporal filtering, and video gamma enhancement
to produce high-quality video along with an integrated digital TV decode
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capability. It also supports component output support for EDTV displays at
480i (interlaced scanning), 480p (progressive scanning), and for HDTV
displays at 720p, and 1080i.
VideoShader™ HD
A feature that integrates pixel-shading technology with video filtering and
processing functions. It accelerates noise removal, de-blocking, adaptive
de-interlacing, frame-rate conversion, color-space conversion, and more. It
also enables better MPEG-2 decoding with motion compensation.
VPU Recover
A feature designed to significantly reduce the number of system crashes
caused by problems occurring with the graphics hardware. If the display
driver detects that the graphics processor has hung, VPU Recover will
attempt to reset the graphics processor, eliminating the need for a system
reboot and allowing users to continue using the computer without
interrupting or losing their work.
YPbPr
A type of analog composite video signal that splits and compresses the
standard Red/Green/Blue (RGB) colors of a television signal into separate
luminance and color values. The “Y” stands for the luminance channel,
while “Pb” and “Pr” represent the blue and red channels respectively, both
of which have the luminance value subtracted from them. It is an equivalent
color space to the chrominance-based YCbCr, which is used for digital
video.
Z-buffer
The portion of video memory that keeps track of which onscreen elements
can be viewed and which are hidden behind other objects. In the case of a
3D image, it keeps track of which elements are occluded by the foreground
in relation to the user’s perspective, or by another 3D object.
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79
Index
Numerics
102 part number 5
1080i 68, 77
16:9 (aspect ratio) 61, 68
2D 59
3D 23, 36, 37, 39, 46, 51, 52, 59, 68, 74
3Dc 59, 73
4:3 (aspect ratio) 61, 68, 73
480i 53, 68, 73, 77
480p 53, 73, 77
5:4 (aspect ratio) 61
720p 53, 68, 77
A
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) 60, 70, 71
accessories 55
Adjustments 24
Advanced 24
Advanced View 22
Alpha blending 60
Alternate Frame Rendering 60
Alternate Frame Rendering (AFR) 35, 38
AMD Athlon 4
Anisotropic Filtering 41, 61
Anisotropic filtering 61, 73
Anti-aliasing 24, 35, 36, 39, 40, 41, 60, 61,
Aspect 61
Aspect Ratio 61
ATI Overdrive 52, 70
ATISETUP utility 16, 17, 18
Avivo ™ Color 24, 61
B
Back Buffer 62
back buffer 63
Bilinear Filtering 62
Bit depth 62
73, 74
80
Bitmap 62
brightness 23,
Buffer 63, 66
50, 61, 63, 67, 68
C
Catalyst 18, 36
Catalyst A.I. 24, 46
Catalyst Control Center 17, 18, 21, 23, 24, 36, 44, 45, 46, 52, 63
Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) 24, 75
chrominance 74, 77
CMOS 43
Color 17, 23, 39, 50, 61
Color component 63
Color correction 63
Color Depth 63
Compliance Information 55
compliance information 49
Component Video Properties 24
Composite Engine 64
Composite Video 64, 74, 77
Compositing Engine 38, 45, 46, 74
configuration
multiple monitors 17
primary monitor 17
configuration tips 49
Connecting Devices 9
contrast 23, 50, 61
Control Panel 5, 17, 63
Control point 64
Copy-protection
DVDs
53
CPU 71
CrossFire 4, 23, 24, 35, 38, 39, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47,
CrossFire aspect 23
CrossFire Edition 4, 24, 35, 38, 43, 44, 45, 46, 64
CrossFire F.A.Q. 43
CrossFire Master graphics card 52
CrossFire Ready 24, 43, 46
CrossFire-Specific Troubleshooting 51
CRT 4, 13, 53, 64, 65, 73
Customer Care 49, 53, 54, 55
51, 52, 74
81
D
Dashboard 21, 65
de-interlacing 76
Depth Buffer 68
Digital 50
Digital Flat Panel (DFP) 13, 50
Digital flat-panel (DFP) display 4
Digital Panel properties 24
Digital Video Interface 66
Direct 3D 22, 61, 65, 72, 74
DirectX 65
Display Data Channel (DDC) 23
Display Detection Options 23
Display Options 22
Displays Manager 21
Dithering 65
DMS-59 51
Dot pitch 31, 65, 73
dot pitch 31
driver installation 15
drivers
installing 15
uninstalling 5
DVD 4, 15, 51, 64, 67, 74
DVI 13, 24, 44, 46, 51, 52, 67
DVI-A 66
DVI-D 66
DVI-I 13, 44, 46, 50, 51, 66
E
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) 75
Enable CrossFire ™ 26
Enhanced Definition Television (EDTV) 66, 77
Euroconnector 72
Extended Display Identification Data (EDID) 24
F
FCC Compliance 55
Flat Shading 66
Fog 66
Force TV Detection 23
Formats 24
82
Frame Buffer 66
frame rate 59
Frames per second (fps) 67
Fullscreen 22
Fullscreen modes 22
G
games
TV display
31
gamma 23, 39, 61, 67
Gouraud Shading 66, 67
GPU 36, 37, 38, 39, 64
Graphical Processor Unit (GPU)
36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 70
H
Hardware
installing
7
HDTV 31, 33
HDTV Adapter Troubleshooting 53
HDTV Component Video Adapter 32
Help 17, 21, 54
High Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) 67
High Definition Television 31
High Definition Television (HDTV) 13, 23, 24, 53, 67,
High-Bandwidth Digital Copy Protection (HDCP) 67
Hotkeys Manager 25
Hue 61, 68, 72
HydraVision 16, 18, 68
HyperZ HD 68
I
Industry Canada Compliance
installation tips 49
Installing drivers 15
56
K
Keyframe interpolation 69
KTX Buffer Region Extension 69
L
Lighting 59, 60, 62
Linux 70
luminance 74, 77
M
Mac OS X
70
68, 73, 77
83
Master graphics card 4, 40, 43, 44, 45, 46, 51, 64,
Microsoft DirectX 65
mipmap 61
Mipmapping 69
motherboard 4, 24, 35, 44, 51, 60
MPEG-2 77
multi-monitor 21, 68
Multi-Sample Anti-Aliasing (MSAA) 39, 40, 41, 60
N
NTSC
59, 66, 69, 71
O
Offscreen Memory 70
OpenGL 22, 69, 70
P
PAL 70, 73
PCI 70, 71
PCI Express 4, 36, 37, 38,
PCI Express (PCIe) 60, 71
Pentium 4
Péritel 72
Pipeline 71
Pixel 36, 39, 40, 41, 71
pixel-by-pixel 75
power supply 4
Preferences 25
primary slot 44
Product Registration 53
profiles 25, 27
Profiles Manager 25, 27
Pulldown 59
39, 40, 43, 44, 51, 52
R
Radeon 35
RCA connection 64
Red Green Blue (RGB) 50, 64,
Refresh Rate 16, 17, 50, 71
Refresh Rate Override 23
registration 5
Remote Wonder 18
Rendering 71
rendering modes 24, 35, 46
68, 72, 75, 77
74
84
Resolution 4, 17,
RGB 64
rotation 52, 76
31, 40, 50, 72
S
Safe Mode 49
safety instructions iii
Saturation 61, 68, 72
scaling 76
SCART 72
Scissor Mode 35, 37, 38, 39, 72, 74
Screen rotation 52
SECAM 73
Separate Video 74
serial number 5
Shadow mask 73
Slave graphics card 40, 43, 45, 46, 64
slot zero 44
SmoothVision HD 41, 73
Software
installing
15
Specular highlight 73
Standard Definition Television (SDTV) 66, 72
Super Anti-aliasing 24, 35, 36, 39, 40, 41
Super Anti-aliasing Mode 39
Super-Anti-Aliasing 74
Super-Sample Anti-Aliasing (SSAA) 40, 41, 60
SuperTiling 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 74
SurroundView 18, 47
S-Video 74
SXGA 72
system requirements 4
T
temporal filtering 76
Texel 74
texture buffer 63
Texture mapping 74
Texture Preference 75
Transition Minimized Differential Signaling (TMDS) 51,
Trilinear filtering 75
75
85
Troubleshooting 49,
53
CrossFire-specific 51
HDTV adapter 53
troubleshooting 49
TV 21, 23, 30, 31,
TV display 29, 31
53
31
29
games
TV Out
U
UXGA
72
V
VCR 64, 67, 74
Vector Adaptive Deinterlacing 59,
VersaVision 76
vertex processing 38
Vertex shader 76
Vertex shader units 76
vertical refresh rate 71
VGA 4, 13, 72
VGA connector 76
Video 22, 50, 52, 53
Video Graphics Array 76
Video Immersion II 76
Video In, Video Out (VIVO) 52
video memory 63
VideoShader HD 77
VIVO (Video In, Video Out) 52
VPU Recover 77
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W
Warranty 54
warranty 49
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Compliance 57
Widescreen mode 22
Windows 15, 17, 18, 53, 70
Windows Advanced Options Menu 49
Windows Control Panel 63
Windows XP 4, 15, 49
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition 52
X
XGA
72
86
Y
Y/C 74
Y/C video 74
YCbCr 77
YPbPr 13, 53, 64, 77
YPbPr connector 31
Z
Z-buffer 68,
z-buffer 63
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