A.O. Smith 185762-000 Instruction manual

Instruction Manual
RESIDENTIAL ELECTRIC
WATER HEATERS
MODELS 6-120
FOR POTABLE WATER
HEATING ONLY
NOT SUITABLE FOR
SPACE HEATING
LISTED
LOW LEAD
CONTENT
Certification applies to all residential
electric water heaters with capacities
of 20 to 120 gallons. Input rating of
12 Kw or less.
ALL TECHNICAL AND WARRANTY QUESTIONS: SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE LOCAL DEALER FROM WHOM THE WATER HEATER WAS
PURCHASED. IF YOU ARE UNSUCCESSFUL, PLEASE WRITE TO THE COMPANY LISTED ON THE RATING PLATE ON THE WATER HEATER.
KEEP THIS MANUAL IN THE POCKET ON HEATER FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
WHEN EVER MAINTENANCE ADJUSTMENT OR SERVICE IS REQUIRED.
PRINTED IN THE U.S.A 1112
1
PART NO. 185762-002
SUPERSEDES PART NO. 185762-001
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE
Your safety and the safety of others is extremely important in the installation, use, and servicing of this water heater.
Many safety-related messages and instructions have been provided in this manual and on your own water heater to warn you
and others of a potential injury hazard. Read and obey all safety messages and instructions throughout this manual. It is very
important that the meaning of each safety message is understood by you and others who install, use, or service this water
heater.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you
to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible
injury or death.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently
hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
will result in death or injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in death or injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, may result
in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION used without the safety alert
symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in property damage.
All safety messages will generally tell you about the type of hazard, what can happen if you do not follow the safety message, and
how to avoid the risk of injury.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of substances
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires businesses to warn of
potential exposure to such substances.
Warning: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm. This appliance can cause low level exposure to some of the substances listed, including formaldehyde.
IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS
•
Qualified Installer: A qualified installer must have ability equivalent to a licensed tradesman in the fields of plumbing and electrical
installation of these appliances. This would include a thorough understanding of the requirements of the National Electrical Code and
applicable local electrical and plumbing codes (and tools necessary to confirm proper installation and operation of the water heater) as
they relate to the installation of electric water heaters. The qualified installer must have a thorough understanding of the water heater
Instruction Manual.
•
Service Agency: A service agency also must have ability equivalent to a licensed tradesman in the fields of plumbing and electrical
installation of these appliances. This would include a thorough understanding of the requirements of the National Electrical Code and
applicable local electrical and plumbing codes (and tools necessary to confirm proper installation and operation of the water heater) as
they relate to the installation of electric water heaters. The service agency must have a thorough understanding of the water heater
Instruction Manual.
2
GENERAL SAFETY
3
INTRODUCTION
Thank You for purchasing this water heater. Properly installed and
maintained, it should give you years of trouble free service.
local code authority having jurisdiction and the requirements of
the power company. In the absence of local code requirements
follow NFPA-70, the National Electrical Code (current edition),
which may be ordered from: National Fire Protection Association,
1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Abbreviations Found In This Instruction Manual:
• ANSI - American National Standards Institute
• ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
• AHRI - Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute
• NEC - National Electrical Code
• NFPA - National Fire Protection Association
• UL - Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
3. If after reading this manual you have any questions or do not
understand any portion of the instructions, call the local utility or
the manufacturer whose name appears on the rating plate.
4. Carefully plan your intended placement of the water heater.
INSTALLATION OR SERVICE OF THIS WATER HEATER
REQUIRES ABILITY EQUIVALENT TO THAT OF A LICENSED
TRADESMAN IN THE FIELD INVOLVED. PLUMBING
AND ELECTRICAL WORK ARE REQUIRED.
PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION
1. Read the “General Safety” section of this manual first and then
the entire manual carefully. If you don’t follow the safety rules,
the water heater will not operate properly. It could cause DEATH,
SERIOUS BODILY INJURY, AND/OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
Examine the location to ensure the water heater complies with the
“Facts to Consider About the Location” section in this manual.
5. For California installation this water heater must be braced,
anchored, or strapped to avoid falling or moving during an
earthquake. See instructions for correct installation procedures.
Instructions may be obtained from California Office of the State
Architect, 1102 Q Street, Suite 5100, Sacramento, CA 95814.
Instructions can also be downloaded to your computer at www.
dsa.dgs.ca.gov/Pubs.
This manual contains instructions for the installation, operation,
and maintenance of the electric water heater. It also contains
warnings throughout the manual that you must read and
understand. All warnings and all instructions are essential to the
proper operation of the water heater and your safety. READ THE
ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO INSTALL OR
OPERATE THE WATER HEATER.
2. The installation must conform with these instructions and the
6. Massachusetts Code requires this water heater to be installed in
accordance with Massachusetts 248-CMR 2.00: State Plumbing
Code and 248-CMR 5.00.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE................................................................................................................................................................ 2
GENERAL SAFETY...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3
INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4
Preparing for the New Installation ........................................................................................................................................................................ 4
TABLE OF CONTENTS................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4
TYPICAL INSTALLATION............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5
MIXING VALVE USAGE ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 6
LOCATING THE NEW WATER HEATER .................................................................................................................................................................. 6-7
Facts to Consider About Location ........................................................................................................................................................................ 6
Insulation Blankets ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 7
INSTALLING THE NEW WATER HEATER .................................................................................................................................................................. 7
Water Piping ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve ...................................................................................................................................................................... 9
Filling the Water Heater ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 10
T & P Valve and Pipe Insulation (Selected Models) ........................................................................................................................................... 10
WIRING DIAGRAMS ...................................................................................................................................................................................................11
WIRING ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 12
TEMPERATURE REGULATION ................................................................................................................................................................................ 13
Temperature Adjustment .................................................................................................................................................................................... 13
FOR YOUR INFORMATION ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Thermal Expansion ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 14
Strange Sounds.................................................................................................................................................................................................. 14
Operational Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Water Odor ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
“Air” in Hot Water Faucets .................................................................................................................................................................................. 14
High Water Temperature Shut Off System ......................................................................................................................................................... 14
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Anode Rod Inspection ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 15
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve Operation ................................................................................................................................................... 15
Draining .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 15
Thermostat Removal/Replacement .................................................................................................................................................................... 16
Element Cleaning/Replacement .................................................................................................................................................................... 16-18
Drain Valve Washer Replacement...................................................................................................................................................................... 18
Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 18
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 19
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES......................................................................................................................................................................... 20
REPAIR PARTS LIST ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 21-23
4
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
COMPACTS
UPRIGHTS / LOWBOYS
6” (152.4 mm)
MAXIMUM AIR GAP
6” (152.4 mm)
MAXIMUM AIR GAP
† ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS MAY BE LOCATED ON THE TOP OR
S I D E , R E F E R TO Y O U R U N I T. A C T U A L M O D E L A N D
ILLUSTRATION MAY VARY DEPENDENT ON MODEL CAPACITY
AND TYPE. SOME MODELS HAVE ALTERNATE INLET, OUTLET
AND T&P VALVE LOCATIONS. THESE ALTERNATE LOCATIONS
ARE IDENTIFIED BY THE LABELING ON THE UNIT.
TABLE TOPS
INSTALL THERMAL EXPANSION TANK OR DEVICE IF WATER
HEATER IS INSTALLED IN A CLOSED WATER SYSTEM.
INSTALL SUITABLE METAL DRAIN PANS UNDER HEATERS
TO PREVENT DAMAGE DUE TO LEAKAGE. REFER TO WATER
HEATER LOCATION, SEE “INSTALLING THE NEW WATER HEATER”
SECTION.
INSTALL VACUUM RELIEF IN COLD WATER INLET LINE AS
REQUIRED BY LOCAL CODES.
FIGURE 1.
5
MIXING VALVE USAGE
DISCHARGE PIPE
(DO NOT PLUG)
(PROVIDE 6” (152.4 mm)
MAXIMUM AIR GAP BETWEEN
PIPE AND DRAIN.)
(152.4 mm)
FIGURE 2.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD:
Water (Potable) Heating: All models are considered suitable for
water (potable) heating only.
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to a
temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing, dish
washing, and other sanitizing needs can scald and permanently injure
you upon contact. Some people are more likely to be permanently
injured by hot water than others. These include the elderly, children,
the infirm, or physically/mentally disabled. If anyone using hot water in
your home fits into one of these groups or if there is a local code or state
law requiring a certain temperature water at the hot water tap, then you
must take special precautions. In addition to using the lowest possible
temperature setting that satisfies your hot water needs, a means such
as a mixing valve, should be used at the hot water taps used by these
people or at the water heater. Mixing valves are available from your local
plumbing contractor. Consult a Qualified Installer or Service Agency.
Follow mixing valve manufacturer’s instructions for installation of the
valves. Before changing the factory setting on the thermostat, read the
“Temperature Regulation” section in this manual.
LOCATING THE NEW WATER HEATER
FACTS TO CONSIDER ABOUT THE LOCATION
safety of the occupants in the building and for the most economical
use of the appliance.
Whether replacing an old water heater or putting the water
heater in a new location, the following critical points must be
observed:
1. Select a location indoors as close as practical or centralized to
the water piping system as possible. The water heater should be
located in an area not subject to freezing temperatures.
2. Selected location must provide adequate clearances (4”/101.6 mm)
for servicing parts such as the thermostats, drain valve, and relief
valve. Adequate clearance for servicing this appliance should be
considered before installation, such as changing the anodes, etc.
Carefully choose an indoor location for the new water heater,
because the placement is a very important consideration for the
6
• Water supply shut-off devices that activate based on the
water pressure differential between the cold water and hot
water pipes connected to the water heater.
3. The water heater should be located so it is not subject to physical
damage by moving vehicles or area flooding.
Installation of the water heater must be accomplished in such a
manner that if the tank or any connections should leak, the flow
will not cause damage to the structure. For this reason, it is not
advisable to install the water heater in an attic or upper floor.
When such locations cannot be avoided, a suitable metal drain
pan should be installed under the water heater. Drain pans are
available from your local plumbing contractor. Such a drain pan
must have a minimum length and width of at least 2 inches (51
mm) greater that the water heater dimensions and must be piped
to an adequate drain.
INSULATION BLANKETS
Insulation blankets are available to the general public for external use
on electric water heaters but are not necessary with this product. The
purpose of an insulation blanket is to reduce the standby heat loss
encountered with storage tank heaters. Your water heater meets or
exceeds the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act standards
with respect to insulation and standby loss requirements, making an
insulation blanket unnecessary.
Water heater life depends upon water quality, water pressure and the
environment in which the water heater is installed. Water heaters are
sometimes installed in locations where leakage may result in property
damage, even with the use of a drain pan piped to a drain. However,
unanticipated damage can be reduced or prevented by a leak detector or water shut-off device used in conjunction with a piped drain pan.
These devices are available from some plumbing supply wholesalers
and retailers, and detect and react to leakage in various ways:
Should you choose to apply an insulation blanket to this heater,
you should follow these instructions below. Failure to follow these
instructions can result in fire, serious personal injury, or death.
• Do not cover the temperature and pressure relief (T & P) valve
with an insulation blanket.
• Do not cover the instruction manual. Keep it on the side of the
water heater or nearby for future reference.
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that trigger an alarm or turn off
the incoming water to the water heater when leakage is detected.
• Do obtain new warning and instruction labels for placement on
the blanket directly over the existing labels.
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that turn off the water supply to
the entire home when water is detected in the drain pan.
INSTALLING THE NEW WATER HEATER
WATER PIPING
This water heater shall not be connected to any heating systems or
component(s) used with a non-potable water heating appliance.
Use properly sized water heaters for spa or hot tub use.
Toxic chemicals, such as those used for boiler treatment shall not
be introduced into this system.
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In a closed
system, the volume of water will increase. As the volume of water
increases, there will be a corresponding increase in water pressure due
to thermal expansion. Thermal expansion can cause premature tank
failure (leakage). This type of failure is not covered under the limited
warranty. Thermal expansion can also cause intermittent temperaturepressure relief valve operation: water discharged from the valve due to
excessive pressure build up. The temperature-pressure relief valve is
not intended for the constant relief of thermal expansion. This condition
is not covered under the limited warranty.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to a
temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing, dish
washing, cleaning and other sanitizing needs can scald and permanently
injure you upon contact. Some people are more likely to be permanently
injured by hot water than others. These include the elderly, children,
the infirm, or physically/mentally disabled. If anyone using hot water in
your home fits into one of these groups or if there is a local code or state
law requiring a certain temperature water at the hot water tap, then you
must take special precautions. In addition to using the lowest possible
temperature setting that satisfies your hot water needs, a means such as
a mixing valve should be used at the hot water taps used by these people
or at the water heater. Valves for reducing point of use temperature by
mixing cold and hot water are also available.
A properly-sized thermal expansion tank should be installed on all
closed systems to control the harmful effects of thermal expansion.
Contact a plumbing service agency or your retail supplier regarding
the installation of a thermal expansion tank.
Consult a Qualified Installer or Service Agency. Follow
manufacturer’s instructions for installation of the valves.
Before changing the factory setting on the thermostat, read the
“Temperature Regulation” section in this manual.
7
WATER PIPING PRESSURE TEST
NOTE: To protect against untimely corrosion of hot and cold
water fittings, it is strongly recommended that di-electric unions
or couplings be installed on this water heater when connected
to copper pipe.
This section is only for the manufacturer installing the
water heater when the installation is to comply with H.U.D.
Standards.
When testing the water ways, H.U.D. Standards state: “Water
distribution system: All water piping in the water distribution
system shall be subjected to a pressure test. The test shall
be made by subjecting the system to air or water at 100 psi
for 15 minutes without loss of pressure. When air pressure
is used, the water heater shall not be connected during
the test.”
Figure 3 shows the typical attachment of the water piping to the
water heater. The water heater is equipped with 3/4 inch NPT water
connections.
NOTE: If using copper tubing, solder tubing to an adapter before
attaching the adapter to the cold water inlet connection. Do not
solder the cold water supply line directly to the cold water inlet,
it will harm the dip tube and damage the tank.
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
HOT WATER
INLET
COLD WATER
INLET
UNION
3/4” SWEAT
FITTINGS
UNION
3/4” SWEAT
FITTINGS
TEMPERATUREPRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
(OPTIONAL TOP
T & P RELIEF VALVE
NOT SHOWN)
DISCHARGE PIPE
(DO NOT CAP OR PLUG)
6” (152.4 mm) MAXIMUM
AIR GAP
FLOOR DRAIN
DRAIN VALVE
FIGURE 3A.
FIGURE 3.
8
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
The Discharge Pipe:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the valve,
or have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both the
temperature-pressure relief valve, and the discharge pipe.
• Shall terminate at an adequate drain.
• Shall not have any shut-off valve between the relief valve and
tank nor in the discharge pipe.
This heater is provided with a properly certified combination
temperature - pressure relief valve by the manufacturer.
The valve is certified by a nationally recognized testing laboratory
that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment
of materials as meeting the requirements for Relief Valves for Hot
Water Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22 • CSA 4.4, and the code
requirements of ASME.
If replaced, the valve must meet the requirements of local codes, but
not less than a combination temperature and pressure relief valve
certified as indicated in the above paragraph.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be manually operated
at least once a year. Caution should be taken to ensure that (1) no
one is in front of or around the outlet of the temperature-pressure
relief valve discharge line, and (2) the water manually discharged
will not cause any bodily injury or property damage because the
water may be extremely hot.
The valve must be marked with a maximum set pressure not to
exceed the marked hydrostatic working pressure of the water
heater (150 psi = 1,034.21 kPa) and a discharge capacity not less
than the water heater input rate as shown on the model rating plate
(Electric heaters - watts x 3.412 equal BTU/hr rate).
For safe operation of the water heater, the relief valve must not
be removed from its designated opening nor plugged.
OPTIONAL TOP
T & P LOCATION
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be installed directly into
the fitting of the water heater designed for the relief valve. Position
the valve downward and provide tubing so that any discharge will
exit only within 6 inches (152.4 mm) above an adequate drain, or
external to the building or structure. Be certain that no contact is
made with any live electrical part. The discharge opening must not
be blocked or reduced in size under any circumstances. Excessive
length, over 30 feet (9.14 m), or use of more than four elbows can
cause restriction and reduce the discharge capacity of the valve.
SHUT-OFF VALVE
HOT
COLD
UNION
UNION
TEMPERATUREPRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
No valve or other obstruction is to be placed between the relief valve
and the tank. Do not connect tubing directly to discharge drain
unless a 6 inch air gap is provided. The relief valve must be allowed
to discharge water in sufficient quantities, should circumstances
demand, to prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or property damage.
If the discharge pipe is not connected to a drain or other suitable
means, the water flow may cause property damage.
(OPTIONAL TOP
T & P RELIEF VALVE
NOT SHOWN)
DISCHARGE PIPE
(DO NOT CAP OR PLUG)
6” (152.4 mm) MAXIMUM
AIR GAP
FLOOR DRAIN
DRAIN VALVE
FIGURE 4.
9
T&P VALVE and PIPE INSULATION (On Selected Models)
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet
to the water heater, follow the draining instructions, and replace the
temperature-pressure relief valve with a new one.
FILLING THE WATER HEATER
Never use this water heater unless it is completely full of
water. To prevent damage to the tank and heating element,
the tank must be filled with water. Water must flow from the
hot water faucet before turning “ON” electrical supply to the
water heater. The manufacturer will not warrant any elements
damaged by failure to follow instructions.
Remove insulation for T&P Valve and pipe connections from
carton.
Fit pipe insulation over the incoming cold water line and the hot water
line. Make sure that the insulation is against the top cover of the
heater.
To fill the water heater with water:
Fit T&P Valve insulation over valve. Make sure that the insulation
does not interfere with the lever or outlet of the T&P valve.
1. Close the water heater drain valve by turning the handle
to the right (clockwise). The drain valve is on the lower
front of the water heater.
Secure all insulation using tape.
PIPE INSULATION
2. Open the cold water supply valve to the water heater.
NOTE: The cold water supply valve must be left open
when the water heater is in use.
3. To insure complete filling of the tank, allow air to exit by
opening the nearest hot water faucet. Allow water to run
until a constant flow is obtained. This will let air out of the
water heater and the piping.
4. Check all water piping and connections for leaks. Repair
as needed.
5. Never alter or modify the certified construction of the water
heater or its components, or bypass any safety features.
Doing so voids all warranties.
FIGURE 5.
10
WIRING DIAGRAMS
FOR ACTUAL WIRING CIRCUIT OF UNIT - REFERENCE CIRCUIT TYPE LISTED ON RATING PLATE.
FIGURE 6.
11
WIRING
1. Provide a way to easily shut off the electric power when working
on the water heater. This could be with a circuit breaker or fuse
block in the entrance box or a separate disconnect switch.
2. Install and connect a circuit directly from the main fuse or circuit
breaker box. This circuit must be the right size and have its own
fuse or circuit breaker.
3. If metal conduit is used for the grounding conductor:
Never use water heater unless it is completely full of water. To
prevent damage to the tank and heating element, the tank must be
filled with water. Water must flow from the hot water faucet before
turning on power.
A. The grounding electrode conductor shall be of copper,
aluminum, or copperclad aluminum. The material shall be of
one continuous length without a splice or joint.
B. Rigid metal conduit, intermediate metal conduit, or electrical,
metallic tubing may be used for the grounding means if conduit
or tubing is terminated in fittings approved for grounding.
You must provide all wiring of the proper size outside of the
water heater. You must obey local codes and electric company
requirements when you install this wiring.
C. Flexible metal conduit or flexible metallic tubing shall be
permitted for grounding if all the following conditions are
met:
If you are not familiar with electric codes and practices, or if you have
any doubt, even the slightest doubt, in your ability to connect the wiring
to this water heater, obtain the service of a competent electrician.
Contact a local electrical contractor and/or the local electric utility.
•
The length in any ground return path does not exceed 6 feet.
•
The circuit conductors contained therein are protected by
overcurrent devices rated at 20 amperes or less.
•
The conduit or tubing is terminated in fittings approved for
grounding.
For complete grounding details and all allowable exceptions, refer to
the current edition of the Nation Electrical Code NFPA 70.
4. A standard 1/2” conduit opening has been made in the water
heater junction box for the conduit connections.
5. Use wire nuts and connect the power supply wiring to the wires
inside the water heater’s junction box.
6. The water heater must be electrically “grounded” by the installer.
A green ground screw has been provided on the water heater’s
junction box. Connect ground wire to this location.
7. Replace the wiring junction cover using the screw provided.
WATER HEATERS EQUIPPED FOR ONE VOLTAGE ONLY: This
water heater is equipped for one type voltage only. Check the rating
plate near the bottom access panel for the correct voltage. DO NOT
use this water heater with any voltage other than the one shown on
the model rating plate. Failure to use the correct voltage can cause
problems which can result in DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY INJURY,
OR PROPERTY DAMAGE. If you have any questions or doubts
consult your electric company.
If wiring from your fuse box or circuit breaker box was aluminum
for your old water heater, replace it with copper wire. If you wish to
reuse the existing aluminum wire, have the connection at the water
heater made by a competent electrician. Contact a local electrical
contractor and/or the local electric utility.
FIGURE 7.
12
TEMPERATURE REGULATION
TEMPERATURE ADJUSTMENT
To change the temperature setting:
NOTE: It is not necessary to adjust the upper thermostat. However, if it
is adjusted above the factory set point (120°F (49°C)) it is recommended
that it not be set higher than the lower thermostat setting.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD: Water heaters are intended
to produce hot water. Water heated to a temperature which
will satisfy space heating, clothes washing, dish washing, and
other sanitizing needs can scald and permanently injure you
upon contact. Some people are more likely to be permanently
injured by hot water than others. These include the elderly,
children, the infirm, or physically/mentally disabled. If anyone
using hot water in your home fits into one of these groups
or if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain
temperature water at the hot water tap, then you must
take special precautions. In addition to using the lowest
possible temperature setting that satisfies your hot water
needs, a means such as a mixing valve, should be used
at the hot water taps used by these people or at the water
heater. Mixing valves are available from your local plumbing
contractor. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for installation
of the valves. Before changing the factory setting on the
thermostat, see Figure 8.
1. Turn off the heater electrical supply. Do not attempt to adjust
thermostat with power on.
2. Remove the thermostat access panel(s) and fold up insulation
to expose the thermostats. Do not remove the plastic personnel
protectors covering the thermostats.
3. Using a flat tip screwdriver, rotate the adjustment knob to the
desired temperature setting.
4. Replace the insulation and access panels and turn on heater
electrical supply.
Never allow small children to use a hot water tap or to draw
their own bath water. Never leave a child or handicapped
person unattended in a bathtub or shower.
It is recommended that lower water temperatures be used
to avoid the risk of scalding. It is further recommended,
in all cases, that the water temperature thermostat be
set for the lowest temperature which satisfies your hot
water needs. This will also provide the most energy
efficient operation of the water heater. Thermostat(s) are
factory set at 120°F (49°C) unless specified differently by
state requirements.
TEMPERATURE SETTINGS
It is recommended that the dial be set lower whenever possible.
KEEPING THE THERMOSTAT SETTING AT 120°F (49°C)
WILL REDUCE THE RISK OF SCALDS.
Figure 8 shows the approximate time-to-burn relationship for
normal adult skin.
Temperature
Setting
Time to Produce 2nd & 3rd
Degree Burns on Adult Skin
160°F (71°C)
150°F (66°C)
140°F (60°C)
130°F (54°C)
120°F (49°C)
About 1/2 second
About 1-1/2 seconds
Less than 5 seconds
About 30 seconds
More than 5 minutes
FIGURE 8.
13
FOR YOUR INFORMATION
THERMAL EXPANSION
Do not remove the anode leaving the tank unprotected. By doing
so, all warranty on the water heater tank is voided.
“AIR” IN HOT WATER FAUCETS
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In a closed
system, the volume of water will increase. As the volume of water
increases, there will be a corresponding increase in water pressure due
to thermal expansion. Thermal expansion can cause premature tank
failure (leakage). This type of failure is not covered under the limited
warranty. Thermal expansion can also cause intermittent temperaturepressure relief valve operation: water discharged from the valve due to
excessive pressure build up. The temperature-pressure relief valve is
not intended for the constant relief of thermal expansion. This condition
is not covered under the limited warranty.
HYDROGEN GAS: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water
system that has not been used for a long period of time (generally
two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and
explosive. To prevent the possibility of injury under these conditions,
we recommend the hot water faucet, located farthest away, be
opened for several minutes before any electrical appliances
which are connected to the hot water system are used (such as a
dishwasher or washing machine). If hydrogen gas is present, there
will probably be an unusual sound similar to air escaping through the
pipe as the hot water faucet is opened. There must be no smoking
or open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
A properly-sized thermal expansion tank should be installed on all
closed systems to control the harmful effects of thermal expansion.
Contact a plumbing service agency or your retail supplier regarding
the installation of a thermal expansion tank.
HIGH WATER TEMPERATURE SHUT OFF SYSTEM
STRANGE SOUNDS
A non-adjustable high temperature limit control operates
before steam temperatures are reached. The high limit is
in the same area as the upper thermostat and must be
reset manually when it operates. BECAUSE THE HIGH LIMIT
OPERATES ONLY WHEN ABNORMALLY HIGH WATER
TEMPERATURES ARE PRESENT, IT IS IMPORTANT THAT A
QUALIFIED SERVICE AGENT BE CONTACTED TO DETERMINE
THE REASON FOR OPERATION BEFORE RESETTING .
Possible noises due to expansion and contraction of some metal
parts during periods of heat-up and cool-down do not necessarily
represent harmful or dangerous conditions.
OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS
WATER ODOR
In each water heater there is installed at least one anode rod (see
parts sections) for corrosion protection of the tank. Certain water
conditions will cause a reaction between this rod and the water.
The most common complaint associated with the anode rod is one
of a “rotten egg smell” in the hot water. This odor is derived from
hydrogen sulfide gas dissolved in the water. The smell is the result
of four factors which must all be present for the odor to develop:
A. A concentration of sulfate in the supply water.
B. Little or no dissolved oxygen in the water.
C. A sulfate reducing bacteria which has accumulated within the
water heater (this harmless bacteria is nontoxic to humans).
D. An excess of active hydrogen in the tank. This is caused by the
corrosion protective action of the anode.
• Turn off the heater electrical supply. Do not attempt to reset
thermostat with power on.
Smelly water may be eliminated or reduced in some water heater
models by replacing the anode(s) with one of less active material,
and then chlorinating the water heater tank and all hot water lines.
Contact the local water heater supplier or service agency for further
information concerning an Anode Replacement Kit and this chlorination
treatment. If the smelly water persists after the anode replacement and
chlorination treatment, we can only suggest that chlorination or aeration
of the water supply be considered to eliminate the water problem.
• Remove the screw securing the outer door and remove door.
• Fold up the insulation to expose the reset button.
• Reset the high limit by pushing in the red button marked
“RESET”.
• Replace the insulation so that it completely covers the thermostat
and element.
• Replace the outer door.
• Turn “ON” electric power to the water heater.
14
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
ANODE ROD INSPECTION
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE OPERATION
Each water heater contains at least one anode rod, which will slowly
deplete (due to electrolysis) prolonging the life of the water heater by
protecting the glass-lined tank from corrosion. Adverse water quality,
hotter water temperatures, high hot water usage, hydronic heating
devices, and water softening methods can increase the rate of anode
rod depletion. Once the anode rod is depleted, the tank will start to
corrode, eventually developing a leak.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be manually operated
at least once a year.
When checking the temperature-pressure relief valve operation, make
sure that (1) no one is in front of or around the outlet of the temperaturepressure relief valve discharge line, and (2) that the water discharge will
not cause any property damage, as the water may be extremely hot, see
Figure 9.
Certain water conditions will cause a reaction between the anode rod
and the water. The most common complaint associated with the anode
rod is a “rotten egg smell” produced from the presence of hydrogen
sulfi de gas dissolved in the water. IMPORTANT: Do not remove this
anode rod permanently as it will void any warranties. A special anode
rod may be available if water odor or discoloration occurs. NOTE: This
anode rod may reduce but not eliminate water odor problems. The water
supply system may require special filtration equipment from a water
conditioning company to successfully eliminate all water odor problems.
Artificially softened water is exceedingly corrosive because the process
substitutes sodium ions for magnesium and calcium ions. The use of a
water softener may decrease the life of the water heater tank.
The anode rod should be inspected after a maximum of three years
and annually thereafter until the condition of the anode rod dictates its
replacement. NOTE: Artificially softened water requires the anode rod
to be inspected annually.
FIGURE 9B.
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet to the
water heater, follow the draining instructions, and replace the temperaturepressure relief valve with a new one.
The following are typical (but not all) signs of a depleted anode rod:
•
The majority of the anode rod’s diameter is less than 3/8”.
•
Significant sections of the support wire (approx. 1/3 or more of the
anode rod’s length) are visible.
If the temperature-pressure relief valve on the appliance weeps
or discharges periodically, this may be due to thermal expansion.
You may have a check valve installed in the water line or a water
meter with a check valve. Consult your local water supplier or
service agency for further information. Do not plug or remove the
temperature-pressure relief valve.
If the anode rod show signs of either or both it should be replaced.
NOTE: Whether re-installing or replacing the anode rod, check for any
leaks and immediately correct if found.
DRAINING
FIGURE 9A.
In replacing the anode:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Turn off gas supply to the water heater.
Shut off the water supply and open a nearby hot water faucet to
depressurize the water tank.
Drain approximately 5 gallons of water from tank. (Refer to
“Draining and Flushing” for proper procedures). Close drain valve.
Remove old anode rod.
Use Tefl on® tape or approved pipe sealant on threads and install
new anode rod.
Turn on water supply and open a nearby hot water faucet to purge
air from water system.
Check for any leaks and immediately correct any if found.
7. Restart the water heater as directed in this manual. See the
Repair Parts Illustration for anode rod location.
The water heater should be drained if being shut down during
freezing temperatures. Also periodic draining and cleaning of
sediment from the tank may be necessary.
1. Turn electrical supply “OFF”.
2. CLOSE the cold water inlet valve to the water heater.
3. OPEN a nearby hot water faucet and leave open to allow for
draining.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate to an adequate drain.
15
5. OPEN the water heater drain valve to allow for tank draining.
NOTE: If the water heater is going to be shut down and drained
for an extended period, the drain valve should be left open with
hose connected allowing water to terminate to an adequate drain.
6. Close the drain valve.
7. Follow the instructions in the “Filling the Water Heater” section.
B.
Models with Upper or Lower Thermostat with High
Limit: Lift out the tab as shown below to unclip the
terminal cover from the thermostat. The terminal cover
can now be removed from the thermostat.
THERMOSTAT REMOVAL / REPLACEMENT
FIGURE 11.
1. Turn “OFF” the electric power supply to the water heater.
4. Disconnect wires from thermostat and slide out of the bracket.
2. Remove the outer door. Remove or fold up the insulation pad.
3. A.
5. Remove the thermostat from behind the thermostat bracket.
Models with lower thermostat without high limit: Lift
out the tab as shown below to unclip the terminal cover
from the thermostat. The terminal cover can now be
removed from the thermostat.
6. Place the new lower thermostat in the bracket making sure it fits
firmly against the tank.
7. Attach the wires to the new thermostat.
NOTE: Some of the terminals may require straight-in wiring
through an eye-opening. If wires are now looped, recut and
strip wire 3/8” (9.525 mm) to a straight length and insert.
8. Put plastic terminal cover back in place.
9. Replace the insulation to cover the thermostat.
10.Replace outer door then turn the electric power on.
ELEMENT CLEANING / REPLACEMENT
NOTE: These instructions are written for element cleaning and
element replacement for the lower element.
To remove the element from the tank in order to clean or replace
it:
1. Before beginning turn “OFF” the electric power supply to the
water heater.
2. Turn off the water supply to the water heater at the water shut-off
valve or water meter, see Figure 12.
FIGURE 10.
16
FIGURE 12.
3. Attach a hose to the water heater drain valve and put the other
end in a floor drain or outdoors. Open the water heater drain valve.
Open a nearby hot water faucet which will relieve pressure in the
water heater and speed draining.
FIGURE 13.
The water passing out of the drain valve may be extremely hot. To
avoid being scald, make sure all connections are tight and that the
water flow is directed away from any person.
4. Remove the screw securing the outer door, and remove door.
FIGURE 16.
B. Models with Upper or Lower Thermostat with High
Limit:Lift out the tab as shown below to unclip the terminal
cover from the thermostat. The terminal cover can now be
removed from the thermostat.
FIGURE 14.
5. Fold up the insulation to explose thermostat therminal cover.
FIGURE 15.
6. A.
Models with lower thermostat without high limit: Lift
out the tab as shown below to unclip the terminal cover
from the thermostat. The terminal cover can now be
removed from the thermostat.
FIGURE 17.
7. Disconnect the two wires on the element and unscrew the old
element from the tank.
17
FIGURE 20.
FIGURE 18.
16.Replace terminal cover on thermostat making sure the locking
tabs on the terminal cover are in place.
17.Fold down the insulation so that it covers the thermostat and
element, see Figure 21.
18.Replace outer door.
19.Turn “ON” electric power to water heater.
8.
Clean the area around the element opening. Remove any sediment
from or around the element opening and inside the tank.
9. If you are cleaning the element you have removed, do so by
scraping or soaking in vinegar or a deliming solution.
NOTE: Replacement elements must (1) be the same voltage
and (2) no greater wattage than listed on the model rating plate
affixed to the water heater.
10. A new gasket should be used in all cases to prevent a possible
water leak. Place the new element gasket on the threaded side
of the cleaned or new element and screw into tank, securing
tightly using an element wrench.
FIGURE 21.
DRAIN VALVE WASHER REPLACEMENT
FIGURE 19.
(See Figure 22)
11. Close the water heater drain valve by turning the handle to the
right (clockwise). The drain valve is on the lower front of the water
heater.
12.Open the cold water supply valve to the water heater.
1. Follow “Draining” instructions.
2. Turning counter clockwise (
), remove the hex cap below the
screw handle.
3. Remove the washer and put the new one in place.
4. Screw the handle and cap assembly back into the drain valve
and retighten using a wrench. DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN.
5. Follow instructions in the “Filling The Water Heater” section.
6. Check for leaks.
NOTE: The cold water supply valve must be left open when
the water heater is in use.
13. To ensure complete filling of the tank, allow air to exit by opening
the nearest hot water faucet. Allow water to run until a constant flow
is obtained. This will let air out of the water heater and the piping.
FIGURE 22.
SERVICE
Never use this water heater unless it is completely full of water. To
prevent damage to the tank and heating element, the tank must be
filled with water. Water must flow from the hot water faucet before
turning “ON” power. The manufacturer will not warrant any elements
damaged by failure to follow instructions.
If a condition persists or you are uncertain about the operation of
the water heater contact a service agency.
Use this guide to check a “Leaking” water heater. Many suspected
“Leakers” are not leaking tanks. Often the source of the water can
be found and corrected.
14.Check element for water leaks. If leakage occurs, tighten element
or repeat Steps 2 and 3, remove element and reposition gasket.
Then repeat Steps 10 through 14.
15. Reconnect the two wires to the element and then check to make sure
the thermostat remains firmly against the surface of the tank.
If you are not thoroughly familiar with your water heater and safety
practices, contact a qualified installer to check the water heater.
18
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS
A
B
A
D
C
Read this manual first. Then before checking the water heater
make sure the electrical power supply has been turned “OFF” before
checking the tank for leakage.
*A. Condensation and dripping may be seen on pipes if the water
temperature is low in humid weather or pipe connections may
be leaking.
*B. The anode rod fitting may be leaking.
C. Small amounts of water from temperature-pressure relief valve
may be due to thermal expansion or high water pressure in your
area. If the valve is not piped to an open drain the released
water could be mistaken for a leaking heater, see “Thermal
Expansion” section.
E
G
*D. The temperature-pressure relief valve may be leaking at the
tank fitting.
H
E. Water on the side of the tank may be condensation due to the
panel or insulation not being in place.
6” (152.4 mm)
MAXIMUM AIR
GAP
F
F. Water from a drain valve may be due to the valve being slightly
opened.
FIGURE 23.
*G. The drain valve may be leaking at the tank fitting.
*H. Water in the water heater bottom or on the floor may be from
condensation, loose connections, or the relief valve. DO NOT
replace the water heater until a full inspection of all possible
water sources is made and necessary corrective steps taken.
Leakage from other appliances, water lines, or ground seepage
should also be checked.
*
19
To check where threaded portion enters tank, insert cotton
swab between jacket opening and fitting. If cotton is wet, follow
“Draining” instructions in the “Periodic Maintenance” section
and then remove fitting. Put pipe dope or teflon tape on the
threads and replace. Then follow “Filling the Water Heater”
instructions in the “Installing the New Water Heater” section.
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES
These guidelines should be utilized by a qualified service agent.
Problem
Possible Cause(s)
WATER LEAKS
(See Leakage Checkpoints on 19)
Improperly sealed, hot or cold supply connection,
relief valve or drain valve.
Tighten threaded connections.
Leakage from other appliances or water lines.
Inspect other appliances near water heater.
No power to heater.
Turn on electrical switch. Check for blown
fuses or tripped breaker.
High Temperature Limit Switch open.
Reset. Check for source of trouble and correct.
Non-functioning upper thermostat.
Replace thermostat.
Non-functioning thermostats.
Replace thermostats.
Non-functioning lower element.
Replace element.
Improper calibration.
Replace thermostats.
Thermostats set too low.
Set thermostats to desired temperature.
Sediment or lime in tank.
Drain. Determine if water treatment is needed.
Heater too small for job.
Install adequate water heater.
Wrong piping connections.
Correct piping.
Leaking faucets.
Repair faucets.
Wasted hot water.
Review and reduce hot water consumption.
Long runs of exposed pipe.
Insulate piping.
Hot water piping on outside wall.
Insulate piping.
Improper Calibration.
Replace thermostats.
Thermostats set too high.
Set thermostat to desired setting.
Sediment or lime in tank.
Drain. Flush-Provide water treatment if needed.
Heater too small for job.
Install adequate heater.
Wrong piping connections.
Correct piping.
Leaking faucets.
Repair faucets.
Wasted hot water.
Review and reduce hot water consumption.
Long runs of exposed piping.
Insulate piping.
Hot water piping in exposed wall.
Insulate piping.
Non-functioning upper element.
Replace element.
Non-functioning lower element.
Replace element.
Excessive water pressure.
Use Pressure Reducing Valve and Pressure
Relief Valve.
Closed system.
See “Thermal Expansion” in the For Your Information section.
Non-functioning thermostats.
Replace thermostats.
Improper calibration.
Replace thermostats.
Sulfides in the water.
See “Operational Conditions” in the For Your
Information section.
Scale accumulation on elements.
Contact dealer to clean or replace elements.
NO HOT WATER
INSUFFICIENT HOT WATER
HIGH OPERATION COSTS
SLOW HOT WATER RECOVERY
DRIP FROM RELIEF VALVE
THERMOSTAT DOES NOT SHUT OFF
WATER ODOR
WATER HEATER SOUNDS
20
Corrective Action
REPAIR PARTS LIST
LOWBOY AND UPRIGHT ELECTRIC MODELS
(Single and Dual Element)
Now that you have purchased this water heater, should a need
ever exist for repair parts or service, simply contact the company
it was purchased from or the manufacturer listed on the rating
plate on the water heater.
Key No. Part Description
1
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
Be sure to provide all pertinent facts when you call or visit.
2
Secondary Anode Rod/Nipple w/Heat Trap*
3
Element w/Gasket
Selling prices will be furnished on request or parts will
be shipped at prevailing prices and you will be billed
accordingly.
4
Element Gasket
5
Lower Outer Door
6
Terminal Cover (Double Element)
7
Upper Thermostat w/Hi Limit (Double Element)
8
Terminal Cover
9
Lower Thermostat w/Hi Limit
The model number of your Water Heater will be found on the
rating plate located above or adjacent to outer door.
WHEN ORDERING REPAIR PARTS, ALWAYS GIVE THE
FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
10
Terminal Cover
• MODEL NUMBER
• SERIAL NUMBER
• VOLTAGE AND ELEMENT WATTAGE
11
Lower Thermostat
• PART DESCRIPTION
12
Thermostat Bracket (ea.)
THIS IS A REPAIR PARTS LIST, NOT A PACKING LIST.
13
Drain Valve
14
Primary Anode
15
Dip Tube
16
Nipple w/Heat Traps*
17
Upper Outer Door
18
Base Pan w/Side Drain
19
Pipe Insulation*
20
T & P Insulation*
**
Instruction Manual
* If Applicable
** Not Illustrated
21
REPAIR PARTS LIST
COMPACT OR MANUFACTURED (MOBILE) HOME ELECTRIC MODELS
Key No. Part Description
1
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
2
Outlet Nipple Assembly
3
Inlet Nipple
4
Junction Box Cover
5
Upper and Lower Element
6
Element Gasket
7
Thermostat Bracket (ea.)
8
Lower Thermostat
9
Terminal Cover
10
Lower Thermostat w/Hi Limit
11
Terminal Cover
12
Lower Outer Door
13
Upper Outer Door
14
Upper Thermostat w/Hi/Limit
15
Anode Rod
16
Drain Valve
17
Base Pan w/Side Drain
18
Conduit Bracket
19
Pipe Insulation*
20
T & P Insulation*
21
Dip Tube
22
Plug
**
Instruction Manual
* If Applicable
** Not Illustrated
ACTUAL MODEL AND ILLUSTRATION MAY VARY DEPENDENT ON MODEL CAPACITY AND
TYPE. SOME MODELS HAVE ALTERNATE INLET, OUTLET AND T&P VALVE LOCATIONS. THESE
ALTERNATE LOCATIONS ARE IDENTIFIED BY THE LABELING ON THE UNIT.
Now that you have purchased this water heater, should a need
ever exist for repair parts or service, simply contact the company
it was purchased from or the manufacturer listed on the rating
plate on the water heater.
WHEN ORDERING REPAIR PARTS, ALWAYS GIVE THE
FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
Be sure to provide all pertinent facts when you call or visit.
• SERIAL NUMBER
Selling prices will be furnished on request or parts will be shipped
at prevailing prices and you will be billed accordingly.
• VOLTAGE AND ELEMENT WATTAGE
• MODEL NUMBER
• PART DESCRIPTION
The model number of your Water Heater will be found on the
rating plate located above or adjacent to outer door.
THIS IS A REPAIR PARTS LIST, NOT A PACKING LIST.
22
REPAIR PARTS LIST
TABLE TOP ELECTRIC MODELS
Key No. Part Description
1
Porcelain Top
2
Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve
3
Primary Anode Rod
4
Upper Thermostat w/Hi Limit
5
Dip Tube
6
Element w/Gasket
7
Element Gasket
8
Thermostat Bracket (ea.)
9
Terminal Cover
10
Outer Door (ea.)
11
Lower Thermostat w/Hi Limit
12
Terminal Cover
13
Lower Thermostat
14
Drain Access Door
15
Drain Valve
16
Toe Panel
**
Instruction Manual
** Not Illustrated
WHEN ORDERING REPAIR PARTS, ALWAYS GIVE THE
FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
Now that you have purchased this water heater, should a need
ever exist for repair parts or service, simply contact the company
it was purchased from or the manufacturer listed on the rating
plate on the water heater.
• MODEL NUMBER
Be sure to provide all pertinent facts when you call or visit.
• SERIAL NUMBER
Selling prices will be furnished on request or parts will be shipped
at prevailing prices and you will be billed accordingly.
• VOLTAGE AND ELEMENT WATTAGE
• PART DESCRIPTION
The model number of your Water Heater will be found on the
rating plate located under or adjacent to outer door.
THIS IS A REPAIR PARTS LIST, NOT A PACKING LIST.
23
LIMITED RESIDENTIAL ELECTRIC WARRANTY
THIS WARRANTY IS APPLICABLE TO THE ORIGINAL
OWNER ONLY. In accordance with the warranty terms and
conditions specified below.
A. O. Smith Corporation (the warrantor) will furnish the
ORIGINAL OWNER, 1) a replacement A. O. Smith water
heater of equivalent size and current model if the glasslined
tank in this water heater leaks and, 2) a replacement part
for any component part which fails. Sacrificial anode rods are
consumable maintenance parts and are excluded from
warranty coverage.
THE A. O. SMITH WATER HEATERS REPLACEMENT
MODEL OR PART WILL BE WARRANTED FOR ONLY THE
UNEXPIRED PORTION OF THE ORIGINAL WARRANTY.
The warranty period will be determined by the original date of
purchase of the water heater, or in the absence of a Bill of Sale
verifying said date, from the date of manufacture indicated on
rating plate affixed to this water heater. This warranty is not
transferrable and applies to models listed below:
Series
Tank
Parts
Conservationist®
10-year
10-year
PXHT, PXHS
10-year
6-year
ProMax® 10-Year Models
PCRT, PCRS, PCT, PCS, PCL, PCLN, PCJ, PLJC, PLSC
6-year
6-year
ProMax® 6-Year Models
ECRT, ECRS, ECT, ECS, ECL, EJC, EJCT, ECJ,
ELJC, ESTT, ELSC, ECLN, ECJN, EJCS
Energy-Saver 5-Year Models
5-year
1-year
ESM,
This warranty shall apply only when the heater is:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
When the water heater has been used for other than single
family residential application;
1. The tank warranty shall be reduced to 1 year for 6 year
models and to 3 years for 10 year models.
2. The parts warranty shall be reduced to 1 year for all
models.
CONDITIONS AND EXCEPTIONS
This warranty shall apply only when the water heater is
installed and operated in accordance with 1) all local fire
codes and plumbing codes, ordinances and regulations,
2) the printed instructions provided with it, 3) good industry
practices, and 4) proper safety practices such as but not
limited to a properly sized drain pan if installed in an area
where leakage from the tank or its connections would result
in damage to the area adjacent to the heater. In addition, a
new temperature and pressure relief valve, certified by the
Canadian Gas Association must have been properly installed
and piped to the nearest drain.
24
owned by the original purchaser;
installed for indoor operation only;
used at temperatures not exceeding the maximum
calibrated setting of its thermostat;
used at water pressure not exceeding the working
pressure shown on the heater;
filled with potable water, free to circulate at all times
and with the tank free of damaging water sediment
or scale deposits;
used in a non-corrosive and non-contaminated
atmosphere;
used with factory approved anode(s) installed;
in its original installation location;
in the United States, its territories or possessions,
and Canada;
sized in accordance with proper sizing techniques
for residential water heaters;
bearing a rating plate which has not been altered,
defaced or removed except as required by the
warrantor;
used in an open system or in a closed system with
a properly sized and installed thermal expansion tank;
connected to the proper voltage or:
operated at the factory rated input;
installed with no attempted, nor actual modification
or alteration of the water heater’s design in any
way, including but not limited to, the attachment of
non- company approved appliances or equipment,
including any additional aftermarket equipment
introduced into the sealed system.
Any accident to the water heater or any part thereof
(including freezing, fire, floods, or lightning), any misuse,
abuse or alteration of it, any operation of it in a modified form,
any operation of the water heater on desalinated (deionized)
water, or any damage caused by attempts to repair tank
leaks or parts, will void this warranty. This warranty does
not cover water heaters replaced for cosmetic reasons or for
reasons of noise, taste, odor, discolored and/or rusty water.
This warranty does not apply to water heaters used to heat
pools, whirlpools or hot tubs or used for space heating
where its sizing does not conform with specifications of the
heating component manufacturer.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
have other rights which vary under the laws of each state. If
any provision of this warranty is prohibited or invalid under
applicable state law, that provision shall be ineffective to the
extent of the prohibition or invalidity without invalidating the
remainder of the affected provision or the other provisions
of this warranty.
SERVICE AND LABOR RESPONSIBILITY
PROOF OF PURCHASE AND PROOF OF INSTALLATION
DATE ARE REQUIRED TO SUPPORT WARRANTY CLAIM
FROM ORIGINAL OWNER. THIS FORM DOES NOT
CONSTITUTE PROOF OF PURCHASE OR PROOF OF
INSTALLATION.
DISCLAIMERS
UNDER THIS LIMITED WARRANTY, THE WARRANTOR
WILL PROVIDE ONLY A REPLACEMENT WATER
HEATER OR PART THEREOF. THE OWNER IS
RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL OTHER COSTS. Such costs
may include but are not limited to:
NO EXPRESSED WARRANTY HAS BEEN OR WILL BE
MADE IN BEHALF OF THE WARRANTOR WITH RESPECT
TO THE MERCHANTABILITY OF THE HEATER OR THE
INSTALLATION, OPERATION, REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT
OF THE HEATER OR PARTS. THE WARRANTOR SHALL
NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER DAMAGE, LOSS
OF USE OF THE UNIT, INCONVENIENCE, LOSS OR
DAMAGE TO PERSONAL PROPERTY, OR OTHER
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE. THE WARRANTOR SHALL
NOT BE LIABLE BY VIRTUE OF THIS WARRANTY OR
OTHERWISE FOR DAMAGE TO ANY PERSONS OR
PROPERTY, WHETHER DIRECT OR INDIRECT, AND
WHETHER ARISING IN CONTRACT OR IN TORT.
a. Labor charges for service, removal, or reinstallation
of the water heater or part thereof.
b. Shipping and delivery charges for forwarding the new
water heater or replacement part from the nearest
distributor and returning the claimed defective heater
or part to such distributor.
c. All cost necessary or incidental for handling and
administrative charges, and for any materials and/or
permits required for installation of the replacement
heater or part.
LIMITATION ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES
Should governmental regulations or industry standards
prohibit the Manufacturer from furnishing a comparable
model replacement under this warranty, the Owner will be
furnished with the closest comparable water heater meeting
the then current governmental regulations and industry
standards. A supplementary fee may be assessed to cover
the additional cost associated with the changes made to
meet applicable regulations and standards. The limited
warranty is voided if the maintenance procedures listed in
the owner’s instruction manual are not followed.
Implied warranties, including any warranty of
merchantability imposed on the sale of this heater under
state law are limited to one year duration for the heater
or any of its parts. Some states do not allow limitations
on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above
limitations may not apply to you.
CLAIM PROCEDURE
Any claim under this warranty should be initiated with
the dealer who sold the heater, or with any other dealer
handling the warrantor’s products. If this is not practical,
the owner should contact: A.O. Smith Corporation,
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway, Ashland City, TN 37015.
Phone: 1.800.323.2636 or visit our website: www.
hotwater.com.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Model Number ________________________________
Serial Number ________________________________
For Canadian customers contact: A.O. Smith Enterprises
LTD., P.O. Box 310, 768 Erie Street, Stratford, Ontario
N5A6T3 or phone: 1.800.265.8520
INSTALLATION INFORMATION
Date Installed
Replacement Parts may be ordered through authorized
servicers or distributors. Refer to your local Yellow Pages
for where to call or contact A.O. Smith Corporation,
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway, Ashland City, TN 37015.
Phone: 1.800.433.2545 or visit our website at: www.
hotwater.com/parts.
_______________________________
Company’s Name _____________________________
Street or P.O. Box
____________________________
City, State, and Zip Code ________________________
The warrantor will only honor replacement with identical
or similar water heater or parts thereof which are
manufactured or distributed by the warrantor.
Dealer replacements are made subject to in-warranty
validation by warrantor.
Phone Number ________________________________
Plumber’s Name ______________________________
www.aosmithwaterheaters.com
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www.hotwater.com
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