Gene-4310
All-in-One 3.5" Single Board
NS Geode computer with LCD,
Ethernet, Audio & 2 COMs,
(LVDS, TV-Output Type T & S
models)
FCC STATEMENT
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 FCC RULES.
OPERATION IS SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING TWO
CONDITIONS: (1) THIS DEVICE MAY NOT CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERENCE. (2) THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT ANY
INTERFERENCE RECEIVED INCLUDING INTERFERENCE
THAT MAY CAUSE UNDESIRED OPERATION.
THIS EQUIPMENT HAS BEEN TESTED AND FOUND TO
COMPLY WITH THE LIMITS FOR A CLASS "A" DIGITAL
DEVICE, PURSUANT TO PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES.
THESE LIMITS ARE DESIGNED TO PROVIDE REASONABLE PROTECTION AGAINTST HARMFUL INTERFERENCE WHEN THE EQUIPMENT IS OPERATED IN A
COMMERCIAL ENVIRONMENT. THIS EQUIPMENT
GENERATES, USES, AND CAN RADIATE RADIO FREQUENCY ENERGY AND , IF NOT INSTATLLED AND USED
IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL,
MAY CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERENCE TO RADIO
COMMUNICATIONS. OPERATION OF THIS EQUIPMENT
IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA IS LIKELY TO CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERENCE IN WHICH CASE THE USER WILL
BE REQUIRED TO CORRECT THE INTERFERENCE AT HIS
OWN EXPENSE.
Copyright Notice
This document is copyrighted, 2000. All rights are reserved. The
original manufacturer reserves the right to make improvements to
the products described in this manual at any time without notice.
No part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, translated, or
transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior written
permission of the original manufacturer. Information provided in
this manual is intended to be accurate and reliable. However, the
original manufacturer assumes no responsibility for its use, nor for
any infringements upon the rights of third parties which may result
from its use.
Acknowledgements
AMD is a trademark of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
AMI is a trademark of American Megatrends, Inc.
Award is a trademark of Award Software International, Inc.
Cyrix is a trademark of Cyrix Corporation.
IBM, PC/AT, PS/2, and VGA are trademarks of International
Business Machines Corporation.
Intel and Pentium II are trademarks of Intel Corporation.
Microsoft Windows ® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
SMC is a trademark of Standard Microsystems Corporation.
RTL is a trademark of Realtek Semi-Conductor Co., Ltd.
C&T is a trademark of Chips and Technologies, Inc.
UMC is a trademark of United Microelectronics Corporation.
ITE is a trademark of Integrated Technology Express, Inc.
SiS is a trademark of Silicon Integrated Systems Corp.
VIA is a trademark of VIA Technology, Inc.
All other product names or trademarks are properties of their
respective owners.
Part No. 2047431001 Manual Gene-4310 2nd Edition
Prepared in Taiwan OCT. 2000
A Message to the Customer
AAEON Customer Services
Each and every AAEON product is built to the most exacting
specifications to ensure reliable performance in the harsh and
demanding conditions typical of industrial environments. Whether
your new AAEON equipment is destined for the laboratory or the
factory floor, you can be assured that your product will provide the
reliability and ease of operation for which the name AAEON has
come to be known.
Your satisfaction is our primary concern. Here is a guide to
AAEON’s customer services. To ensure you get the full benefit of
our services, please follow the instructions below carefully.
Technical
Support
We want you to get the maximum performance from your products.
So if you run into technical difficulties, we are here to help. For the
most frequently asked questions, you can easily find answers in
your product documentation. These answers are normally a lot
more detailed than the ones we can give over the phone.
So please consult this manual first. If you still cannot find the
answer, gather all the information or questions that apply to your
problem, and with the product close at hand, call your dealer. Our
dealers are well trained and ready to give you the support you need
to get the most from your AAEON products. In fact, most problems
reported are minor and are able to be easily solved over the phone.
In addition, free technical support is available from AAEON
engineers every business day. We are always ready to give advice
on application requirements or specific information on the installation and operation of any of our products.
Product Warranty
AAEON warrants to you, the original purchaser, that each of its
products will be free from defects in materials and workmanship for
one year from the date of purchase.
This warranty does not apply to any products which have been
repaired or altered by persons other than repair personnel authorized by AAEON, or which have been subject to misuse, abuse,
accident or improper installation. AAEON assumes no liability
under the terms of this warranty as a consequence of such events.
Because of AAEON’s high quality-control standards and rigorous
testing, most of our customers never need to use our repair service.
If an AAEON product is defective, it will be repaired or replaced at
no charge during the warranty period. For out-of-warranty repairs,
you will be billed according to the cost of replacement materials,
service time, and freight. Please consult your dealer for more
details.
If you think you have a defective product, follow these steps:
1. Collect all the information about the problem encountered. (For
example, CPU type and speed, AAEON products used, other
hardware and software used, etc.) Note anything abnormal and
list any on-screen messages you get when the problem occurs.
2. Call your dealer and describe the problem. Please have your
manual, product, and any helpful information readily available.
3. If your product is diagnosed as defective, obtain an RMA
(return material authorization) number from your dealer. This
allows us to process your return more quickly.
4. Carefully pack the defective product, a fully-completed Repair
and Replacement Order Card and a photocopy proof of purchase date (such as your sales receipt) in a shippable container.
A product returned without proof of the purchase date is not
eligible for warranty service.
5. Write the RMA number visibly on the outside of the package
and ship it prepaid to your dealer.
Packing list
Before you begin installing your card, please make sure that the
following materials have been shipped:
• 1 GENE-4310 All-in-One Single Board Computer
• 1 Hard disk drive (IDE) interface cable (44 pin, pitch 2.0mm)
• 1 Floppy disk drive interface (34 pin, ptich 2.0mm)
• 1 6-pin mini-DIN dual outlet adapter for keyboard and PS/2
• 1 Parallel port (26-25 pin, pitch 2.0mm) mouse & serial port (10-9
pin, pitch 2.0mm) adapter kit
• 1 USB cable with bracket (2.00mm)
• 1 Audio 3.14-pin (2.00mm) and RCA jack cable 4-pin (2.54mm)
• 1 20cm 20-pin (2.0mm) for LVDS extension (Gene-4310 S & T)
• 1 bag of screws and miscellaneous parts
• 1 Quick Installation Guide
• 1 CD-ROM contains the followings:
— User’s Manual (this manual in PDF file)
— Ethernet drivers and utilities
— VGA drivers and utilities
— Audio drivers and utilities
— Lastest BIOS (as of the CD-ROM was made)
If any of these items are missing or damaged, contact your distributor or sales representative immediately.
Notice
Dear Customer,
Thank you for purchasing the GENE-4310 board. This user’s
manual is designed to help you to get the most out of the GENE4310, please read it thoroughly before you install and use the
board. The product that you have purchased comes with a twoyear limited warranty, but AAEON will not be responsible for
misuse of the product. Therefore, we strongly urge you to first read
the manual before using the product.
To receive the lastest version of the user manual, please visit our
Web site at:
http://www.aaeon.com
Contents
Chapter 1: General Information..........................................1
Introduction ... ................................................................. 2
LVDS introduction............................................................3
Features .................................................................................. 4
Specifications ......................................................................... 5
Board layout ........................................................................... 8
Board dimensions ............................................................... 10
Chapter 2: Installation ...................................................... 11
Jumpers and connectors .................................................... 12
Locating jumpers & connector ......................................... 14
Setting jumpers ................................................................... 16
Installing DRAM (DIMMs) .............................................. 17
Composite video ouput connector (JP1)........................18
Clear CMOS (JP2) 1~3 ...................................................... 19
Onboard buzzer / external speaker select (JP2) 4~7 .... 19
IrDA Connector (JP3) ........................................................ 20
COM2 RS-232/422/485 select (JP12, JP4) .................... 21
Audio connector (JP5) ....................................................... 21
LCD driving voltage select (JP8) 1-3-5 .......................... 22
LCD backlight voltage select & output (JP8) 2-4-6
(JP10) ................................................................................... 22
Watchdog timer output select (JP11) ............................... 23
LVDS edge trigger select (JP13) (4310T only) .............. 23
IDE hard drive connector (J2) .......................................... 24
Connecting the hard drive ....................................................... 24
IDE hard drive connector (J2) ................................................ 25
Serial ports (J4, J5) ............................................................ 26
COM 2 RS-232/422/485 serial ports (J5) ................................ 26
USB connector (J7) ............................................................ 27
Floppy drive connector (J9) .............................................. 28
Connecting the floppy drive ..................................................... 28
Floppy drive connector (J9) ..................................................... 29
Parallel port connector (J10)............................................. 30
Display connectors (J14, J16) ........................................... 31
LCD connector (J14)......................................................32
LVDS connector..............................................................33
100Base-T ethernet connector (CN2) ............................. 34
Power connector (P1) ......................................................... 34
Keyboard and PS/2 mouse connector (CN11) ................ 35
Chapter 3: Award BIOS Setup ........................................ 36
Starting setup ....................................................................... 37
Setup keys ............................................................................ 38
Getting help ......................................................................... 39
In case of problem ................................................................... 39
Main setup menu ................................................................ 40
Standard CMOS setup ....................................................... 42
BIOS features setup ........................................................... 47
CHIPSET features setup ................................................... 51
Power management setup .................................................. 54
PNP/PCI configuration setup ............................................ 57
Load BIOS defaults/load setup defaults .......................... 59
Integrated peripherals setup............................................. 60
Supervisor/user password setting .................................... 64
IDE HDD auto detection ................................................... 66
Save & exit setup ................................................................ 67
Exit without saving ............................................................. 68
Chapter 4: Driver Installation .............................................
..................................................................... 69
Software drives .................................................................... 70
Hardware configuration ...................................................... 70
Necessary prerequisites .................................................... 71
Before you begin ................................................................. 71
Windows 95/98................................................................72
Ethernet software installation.........................................73
Windows NT 4.0 VGA ........................................................ 76
Windows NT 4.0 audio driver.......................................77
Windows NT 4.0 lan driver...........................................78
Appendix A: Programming the Watchdog Timer ............ 79
Programming the watchdog timer .................................... 80
Watchdog timer ....................................................................... 80
Configuration register .............................................................. 80
CHAPTER
1
General
Information
This chapter gives background information on the mainboard.
Sections include:
• Board specifications
• Layout and dimensions
Chapter 1 General Information
1
Introduction
The GENE-4310 is an all-in-one NS GXLV processor based single
board computer (SBC) with a 16-bit PCI audio controller, a PCI Flat
Panel controller, a 100Base-T Ethernet interface and a PC/104 fo
expansion. This compact (only 5.75"“ x 4") unit offers all the
functions of a single board industrial computer, but still fits in the
space of a FDD drive.
Onboard features include two serial ports (one RS-232, one RS-232/
422/485), one multi-mode parallel (ECP/EPP/SPP) port, pin header
for two USB (Universal Serial Bus) ports, a floppy drive controller,
and a keyboard/PS/2 mouse interface. The built-in high speed PCI
IDE controller supports Ultra DMA/33 mode. Up to two IDE
devices can be connected, including large hard disks, CD-ROM
drives, and tape backup drives, etc.
The GENE-4310 also features power management to minimize power
consumption. It complies with the ACPI standard and supports
three types of power saving features: Doze mode, Standby mode,
and Suspend mode. In addition, the board's watchdog timer can
automatically reset the system or generate an interrupt in case the
system stops due to a program bug or SMI.
Highly integrated multi-media SBC
The GENE-4310 is a highly integrated multi-media SBC that
combines audio, video, and network functions on a FDD drive size
single computer board. It provides , 16-bit full-duplex, integrated
3D audio and up to 1024 x 768 resolution @ 64K colors with UMA
4MB SDRAM display memory. Major onboard devices adopt PCI
technology to achieve outstanding computing performance when
used with NS GXLV level processors, making the GENE-4310 one of
the world's smallest and most powerful all-in-one multimedia
boards.
2
Gene-4310 User Manual
LVDS Introduction
Low Voltage Differential Signaling is a low noise, low power, low amplitude
method for high-speed (gigabits per second) data transmission over
copper wire.
LVDS differs from normal input/output (I/O) in a few ways: Normal digital
I/O works with 5 volts as a high (binary 1) and 0 volts as a low (binary 0).
When you use a differential, you add a third option (-5 volts), which
provides an extra level with which to encode and results in a higher
maximum data tranferrate.
A higher data transfer rate means fewer wires are required, as in UW (Ultra
Wide) and UW-2/3 SCSI harddrive, which use only 68 wires. These
devices require a high transfer rate over short distances. Using standard I/
O transfer, SCSI hard drives would require a lot more than 68 wires. Low
voltage means that the standard 5 volts is replaced by either 3.3 volts or
1.5 volts. LVDS uses a dual wire system, running 180 degrees of each
other. This enables noise to travel at the same level, which in turn can get
filtered more easily and effectively.
With standard I/0 signaling, data storage is contingent upon the actual
voltage level. Voltage level can be affected by wire length (longer wires
increase resistance, which lowers voltage). But with LVDS, data storage is
distinguished only by positive and negative voltage values, not the
voltage level. Therefore, data can travel over greater lengths of wire while
maintaining a clear and consistent data stream.
Chapter 1 General Information
3
Features
• 3.5" FDD SubCompact Form Factor
• Supports NS Geode GXLV Low-power BGA CPUs
• Supports CRT and 18-bit TFT Panels
• LVDS interface
• 10/100Base-T Fast Ethernet
• Integrated AC-97 2.0 SoundBlaster compatible Audio
• Supports Compact Flash Storages
• 2 COMs/1 Parallel/2 USB/1 IrDA Port
• 5V only operation
4
Gene-4310 User Manual
Specifications
Standard SBC Functions
CPU : NS Geode GXLV (low-power) 233MHz (available in different speeds
by request)
CPU type: Onboard BGA
BIOS: Award 256KB FLASH BIOS
Chipset: NS CS5530
I/O Chipset: Winbond W83977F. Fully 16-bit I/O decoded
Memory : Onboard one 144-pin SODIMM socket supports up to 128
Mbytes SDRAM
Enhanced IDE: Supports two IDE devices. Supports Ultra DMA/33 mode
with data transfer rate up to 33MB/sec.
FDD interface: Supports up to two floppy disk drives, 5.25" (360KB and
1.2MB) and/or 3.5" (720KB, 1.44MB, and 2.88MB)
Parallel port: Internal header for bi-directional parallel port x 1. Supports
SPP, ECP, and EPP modes
Serial port: One external DB-9 connector supports RS-232 x 1, one
internal header supports RS-232/422/485 x 1. Ports can be
configured as COM1, COM2, or disabled individually (16C550
equivalent)
IR interface: Supports one IrDA Tx/Rx header
KB/Mouse connector: Mini-DIN connector supports Keyboard and PS/2
mouse
USB connectors: One 5 x 2 header onboard supports dual USB ports
Battery: Lithium battery for data retention
Watchdog Timer:Can generate a system reset or IRQ15. Supports Win98,
Win3.1. Software selectable time-out interval (15 sec. ~ 3825sec., 15 sec./
step)
DMA: 7 DMA channels (8237 equivalent)
Interrupt: 15 interrupt levels (8259 equivalent)
Chapter 1 General Information
5
Power management: I/O peripheral devices support power saving and
doze/standby/suspend modes. APM 1.2 compliant
H/W status monitoring: Winbond W83781D H/W status monitoring IC
supportspower supply voltages, fan speed, and temperatures monitoring
Flat Panel/CRT Interface
• Chipset: NS CS5530
• Display memory: Shared UMA up to 4MB
• Display type: Supports non-interlaced CRT and up to 18-bit TFT LCD
displays. Can display both CRT and flat panel simultaneously
• Resolution: Up to 1024x768 @ 64K colors (CRT/LCD simultaneous
display)
RCA TV-Out Connector
CHipset: Chrontel 7003
LVDS Interface (Optional)
Chipset: Thine THC63LVDM63A
Transmitting capability: 18-bit panel signal over 10 meters cable
Audio Interface
Chipset: NS CS5530
3D audioSupports: Microsoft DirectSound and DirectSound 3D audio
technology in two-speaker mode (requires Microsoft Direct
Sound 3D supported software titles)
16-bit stereo digital audio: Full-duplex supports enables simultaneous
6
Gene-4310 User Manual
record and playback for Internet communications software
Ethernet Interface
Chipset: Intel 82559ER 10/100Base-T Fast Ethernet controller
Ethernet interface: Onboard 10/100Base-T RJ-45 connector. Optional
Remote Boot ROM function
SSD Interface
One socket supports Compact Flash Disk
Expansion Interface
PC/104 connector: One 16-bit 104-pin connector onboard Connectors
External connectors: VGA (DB-15), COM 1 (DB-9), Ethernet (RJ-45), KB/
Mouse (Mini-DIN)
Power connectors: 4-pin HDD type
Mechanical and Environmental
Power supply voltage: +5V (4.75V to 5.25V)
Operating temperature: 32 to 140 oF (0 to 60 oC)
Board size: 5.75" (L) x 4" (W) (146 mm x 101.6 mm)
Weight: 0.88 lb. (0.4 Kg)
Chapter 1 General Information
7
Board layout
8
Gene-4310 User Manual
Board layout (Reverse Side)
Chapter 1 General Information
9
Board dimensions
10
Gene-4310 User Manual
Board dimensions (Reverse Side)
Chapter 1 General Information
11
CHAPTER
2
Installation
This chapter describes how to set up the
main board hardware, including instructions on setting jumpers and connecting
peripherals, switches, and indicators. Be
sure to read all the safety precautions
before you begin the installation procedure.
Chapter 2 Installation 11
Jumpers and connectors
Connectors on the board link it to external devices such as hard
disk drives, a keyboard, or floppy drives. In addition, the board
has a number of jumpers that allow you to configure your system
to suit your application.
The following tables list the function of each of the board's jumpers
and connectors.
Jumpers
Label
JP2 (1~3)
JP2 (4~7)
JP4
JP12
JP8 (1-3-5)
JP8 (2-4-6)
JP11
JP13
Function
Clear CMOS
Onboard buzzer and external speaker select
COM2 RS232/422/485 select
COM2 RS232/422/485 select
LCD Panel voltage select
LCD Backlight voltage select
Watchdog Timer output select
LVDS Edge Trigger select (Type T&S)
12 Gene-4310 User Manual
Connectors
Label
J1
J2
J3
J4
J5
J7
J8
J9
J10
J13
J14
J15
J16
J17
JP1
JP3
JP5
JP10
CN1
CN2
P1
Function
SO-DIMM 144 Pin socket
IDE connector (2.0 mm)
Compact Flash Disk socket
COM1 D-SUB 9 Pin connector
COM2 RS232/422/485 connector (2.0 mm)
Dual USB connector (2.0 mm)
PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard connector
FDD connector (2.0 mm)
LPT1 Parallel Port connector (2.0 mm)
Reset Switch connector
LCD connector (2.0 mm)
LVDS interface connector (2.0 mm) (Type T&S)
VGA D-SUB connector
FAN connector (Reserved)
TV-out connector (2.0mm) (Type T only)
IR connector
Audio connector (2.0 mm)
LCD Backlight Voltage connector (2.0 mm)
PC104 connector
RJ45 connector with LED indicator
Power connector
Chapter 2 Installation 13
Locating jumpers & connectors
JP13
CN1/PC104
JP1 JP8 JP11
JP10
JP4
JP12
J15
J4
J5
JP2
JP3
J3
CN2
J14
J8
J17
J1
J16
J2
J13
D7
D8
JP5
J7
J10
J9
P1
Jumper
Pin Number
JP2
14 Gene-4310 User Manual
JP4
JP8
JP11
JP12
JP13
A
Locating jumpers & connectors
(Reverse Side)
0
J3
J1
Chapter 2 Installation 15
Setting jumpers
You can configure your card to match the needs of your application
by setting jumpers. A jumper is the simplest kind of electric switch.
It consists of two metal pins and a small metal clip (often protected
by a plastic cover) that slides over the pins to connect them. To
“close” a jumper you connect the pins with the clip. To “open” a
jumper you remove the clip. Sometimes a jumper will have three
pins, labeled 1, 2, and 3. In this case you would connect either pins
1 and 2 or 2 and 3.
1
Open
Closed
2
3
Closed 2-3
The jumper settings are schematically depicted in this manual as
follows:
1 2 3
Open
Closed
Closed 2-3
A pair of needle-nose pliers may be helpful when working with
jumpers.
If you have any doubts about the best hardware configuration for
your application, contact your local distributor or sales representative before you make any changes.
16 Gene-4310 User Manual
Installing SDRAM (SODIMM)
System Memory
The reverse side of the Gene-4310 contains a socket for 144-pin
dual inline memory module (SODIMM). The socket can be filled in
the SODIMM of any size, giving your GENE-4310 single board
computer between 16 and 128 MB of memory.
Installing the SODIMM card
Initial allignment of the card with the supporting bracket must be
carried out before proceeding any further. The card and the bracket
must be lined up in the specially grooved area before installation.
The SODIMM card is inserted at a 45 degree angle. Push firmly
until the card has been fully inserted, a couple of millimeters. Then
push the card downwards until there is a clicking noise. The
SODIMM card is now held in place by the supporting brackets.
To remove the SODIMM card simply push outwards on the two
silver bracket supports and the card will pop out automatically.
Chapter 2 Installation 17
Composite video output connector (JP1)
(Type T only)
The Gene-4310 T has a RCA Jack and a S-Video for transferring
composite video signal to the TV. These two connectors are
located on the daughter board. A cable connects the two boards
and the 8-pin definition is provided below.
TV-Out 4*2 Pin Connector (2.0mm) (JP1)
Pin
1
3
5
7
Signal
LUMF
GND
CHROMF
GND
18 Gene-4310 User Manual
Pin
2
4
6
8
Signal
Composite
GND
NC
NC
Clear CMOS (JP2) 1~3
You can use JP2 pin 1~3 to clear the CMOS data if necessary. To
reset the CMOS data, set JP2 to 2-3 closed for just a few seconds,
and then move the jumper back to 1-2 closed.
Clear CMOS (JP2) 1~3
Protect*
JP2
Clear CMOS
1
1
2
2
3
3
*default
Onboard buzzer / external speaker select
(JP2) 4~7
Onboard buzzer / external speaker select JP2 (4~7)
Internal buzzer*
JP2
4
5
6
7
External speaker
4
5
6
7
* default
Chapter 2 Installation 19
IrDA connector (JP3)
The IrDA connector (JP3) can be configured to support wireless
infrared module, with this module and application software such as
laplink or Win95 Direct Cable connection, user can transfer files to
or from laptops, notebooks, PDA and printers. This connector
supports HPSIR (115.2Kbps, 2 meters), ASK-IR (56Kbps) and Fast
IR (4Mbps, 2 meters).
Install infrared module onto IrDA connector and enable infrared
function from BIOS setup. Make sure to have correct orientation
when you plug onto IrDA connector (JP3).
IrDA connector (JP3)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Signal
Vcc
IrRxH
IrRx
GND
IrTx
CIRRX
20 Gene-4310 User Manual
COM2 RS-232/422/485 select
(JP12, JP4)
The Gene-4310 COM2 serial port can be selected as RS-232, RS-422,
or RS-485 by setting JP12 and JP4.
COM2 Select (JP12, JP4)
RS-232*
RS-422
RS-485
1 4 7 10
1 4 7 10
1 4 7 10
3 6 9 12
3 6 9 12
3 6 9 12
1 3 5
1 3 5
1 3 5
2 4 6
2 4 6
2 4 6
JP12
J4
*default
Audio connector (JP5)
The Gene-4310 provides all major audio signals on a 14-pin flatcable connector, JP5.
Attach the Mic In, Line In, and Audio Out to the corresponding
pins as shown in the following table.
Audio connector (JP5)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
Signal
Mic In
GND
Line In Left
Line In Right
GND
Audio Out Left
GND
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
Signal
MIC_Vcc
CD_GND
CD_Left
CD_GND
CD_Right
Audio Out Right
GND
Chapter 2 Installation 21
LCD driving voltage select (JP8) 1-3-5
You can select the LCD connector J14 (pin 5 and pin 6) driving
voltage by setting JP8 1-3-5. The configurations are as follows:
LCD driving voltage select (JP8) 1-3-5
5V
JP8
3.3V *
2
1
3
5
4
6
2
1
3
5
4
6
*default
LCD backlight voltage select &
output (JP8) 2-4-6 (JP10)
You can set the JP10 for LCD backlight voltage to 5V or 12V output,
by configuring JP8 2-4-6. The configurations are as follows:
LCD backlight voltage select (JP8) 2-4-6
5V*
JP8
1
3
5
12V
2
4
6
1
3
5
2
4
6
*default
LCD backlight voltage output (JP10)
Pin
1
2
Signal
Backlight Vcc
GND
Note : DC 12V input is required to have 12V backlight output.
22 Gene-4310 User Manual
Watchdog timer output select (JP11)
The Gene-4310 is equipped with a watchdog timer that
resets the CPU or generates an interrupt if processing
comes to a standstill for whatever reason. This feature
ensures system reliability in industrial standalone, or
unmanned, environments.
Watchdog timer output select (JP11)
JP11
IRQ15
Reset *
1 2
1 2
3
3
*default
LVDS edge trigger select (JP13)
(4310Type T & S)
The LVDS edge trigger select is only used for Gene-4310
type T & S models. The trigger acts like a power switch
to either activate the LVDS system or shut it down.
LVDS edge trigger select (JP13)
Falling edge *
1
2
Rising edge
1
2
JP13
*default
Chapter 2 Installation 23
IDE hard drive connector (J2)
You can attach one or two Enhanced Integrated Device Electronics
hard disk drives to the mainboard's internal controller. The
mainboard's IDE controller uses a PCI local-bus interface. This
advanced interface supports faster data transfer and allows the IDE
hard drive to exceed 528 MB.
Connecting the hard drive
Connecting drives is done in a daisy-chain fashion and requires
one of two cables, depending on the drive size.
Wire number 1 on the cable is normally red or blue, and the other
wires are usually gray.
1. Connect one end of the cable to J2. Make sure that the red (or
blue) wire corresponds to pin 1 on the connector, which is
labeled on the board (on the right side).
2. Plug the other end of the cable to the Enhanced IDE hard drive,
with pin 1 on the cable corresponding to pin 1 on the hard
drives. (see your hard drive's documentation for the location of
the connector).
Connect a second drive as described above.
Unlike floppy drives, IDE hard drives can connect to either end
of the cable. If you install two drives, you will need to set one
as the master and the other one as the slave by using jumpers
on the drives. If you install just one drive, set it as the master.
24 Gene-4310 User Manual
IDE Hard Drive Connector
IDE hard drive connector (J2)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
Signal
IDE RESET
DATA 7
DATA 6
DATA 5
DATA 4
DATA 3
DATA 2
DATA 1
DATA 0
SIGNAL GND
DREQ
IO WRITE
IO READ
IO CHANNEL READY
DACK#
IRQ14
ADDR 1
ADDR 0
HARD DISK SELECT 0
IDE ACTIVE
VCC
GND
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
Signal
GND
DATA 8
DATA 9
DATA 10
DATA 11
DATA 12
DATA 13
DATA 14
DATA 15
NC
GND
GND
GND
ALE
GND
IOCS16
NC
ADDR 2
HARD DISK SELECT 1
MGND
MVCC
NC
Chapter 2 Installation 25
Serial ports (J4, J5)
The Gene-4310 offers two serial ports, one RS-232 and one RS-232/
422/485. These ports allow you to connect them to serial devices
(mouse, printers, etc.).
COM 2 RS-232/422/485 serial ports (J5)
COM1, COM2, RS-232/422/485 serial port
COM1
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
COM2 1
3
5
7
9
SIGNAL
DCDB
TXDB
GND
RTSB
RIB
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
SIGNAL
RXDB
DTRB
DSRB
CTSB
NC
DCDB
(485DTXD-)
TXDB
(485TXD+)
GND
RTSB
2
RXDB
(422RXD+)
DTRB
(422RXD-)
DSRB
CTSB
RIB
26 Gene-4310 User Manual
4
6
8
10
NC
USB connector (J7)
The Gene-4310 provides two USB (Universal Serial Bus) interfaces,
which give complete plug and play, hot attach/detach for up to 127
external devices. The USB interfaces comply with USB specification Rev. 1.0, and can be disabled in the system BIOS setup.
USB connector (J7)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
Function
USB Vcc
UD0UD0+
USB GND
GND
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
Function
GND
USB GND
UD1+
UD1USB Vcc
Chapter 2 Installation 27
Floppy drive connector (J9)
You can attach up to two floppy drives to the mainboard controller. You can use any combination of 5¼" (360 KB and 1.2 MB)
and/or 3½" (720 KB, 1.44 MB, and 2.88 MB) drives.
A 34-pin daisy-chain drive connector cable is required for a dualdrive system. On one end of the cable is a 34-pin flat-cable
connector. On the other end are two sets of floppy disk drive
connectors. Each set consists of a 34-pin flat-cable connector
(usually used for 3½" drives) and a printed-circuit board connector (usually used for 5¼" drives).
Wire number 1 on the cable is normally red or blue, and the other
wires are usually gray.
Connecting the floppy drive
1. Plug the 34-pin flat-cable connector into J9. Make sure that the
red or blue wire corresponds to pin 1 on the connector.
2. Attach the appropriate connector on the other end of the cable
to the floppy drive(s). You can use only one connector in the
set. The set on the end (after the twist in the cable) connects to
the A: drive. The set in the middle connects to the B: drive.
3. If you are connecting a 5¼" floppy drive, line up the slot in the
printed circuit board with the blocked-off part of the cable
connector.
If you are connecting a 3½" floppy drive, you may have trouble
determining which pin is pin number 1. Look for a number
printed on the circuit board indicating pin number 1. Also,
the connector on the floppy drive connector may have a slot.
When the slot is up, pin number 1 should be on the right.
Check the documentation that came with the drive for more
information.
If you desire, connect the B: drive to the connectors in the
middle of the cable as described above.
28 Gene-4310 User Manual
Floppy drive connector (J9)
Floppy drive connector (J9)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
Signal
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
Signal
DENSITY SELECT
NC
DRIVE TYPE
INDEX
MOTOR 0
DRIVE SELECT 1
DRIVE SELECT 2
MOTOR 1
DIRECTION
STEP
WRITE DATA
WRITE GATE
TRACK 0
WRITE PROTECT
READ DATA
HEAD SELECT
DISK CHANGE
Chapter 2 Installation 29
Parallel port connector (J10)
Normally, the parallel port is used to connect the board to a
printer. The Gene-4310 includes an onboard parallel port, accessed
through PC1, a 26-pin flat-cable connector. You need an adapter
cable if you use a traditional DB-25 connector. The cable has a 26pin connector on one end and a DB-25 connector on the other.
Parallel port IRQ
The Gene-4310 supports one parallel port. The port is designated
as LPT1 and can be disabled or changed to LPT2 or LPT3 in the
system BIOS setup.
Parallel port connector table (J10)
Parallel port connector (J10)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
Signal
STROBE
DO
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
ACK
BUST
PE
SLCT
30 Gene-4310 User Manual
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
Signal
AUTOFD
ERR
\INIT
SLCTINI
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
NC
Display connectors (J14, J16)
The mainboard's PCI SVGA interface can drive conventional CRT
displays and is capable of driving a wide range of flat panel displays,
including electroluminescent (EL), gas plasma, passive LCD, and
active LCD displays. The board has two connectors to support these
displays, one for standard CRT VGA monitors and one for flat panel
displays.
VGA display connector (J16)
A simple one-to-one adapter can be used to match J16 to a standard
15-pin D-SUB connector commonly used for VGA.
Pin
Signal
1
Red video
Pin
9
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Green video
Blue video
Not used
GND
Red returned(GND)
Green returned(GND)
Blue returned (GND)
10
11
12
13
14
15
Signal
DENSITY SELECT
(no pin)
Sync return (GND)
Monitor ID (not used)
Monitor ID
Horizontal Sync
Vertical Sync
Not used
Chapter 2 Installation 31
LCD connector (J14)
J14 is a 44-pin, dual-in-line header used for flat panel displays.
When the mainboard's power is applied, the control signal is low
until just after the relevant flat panel signals are present.
Configuration of the VGA interface is done completely via the
software utility. You do not have to set any jumpers.
LCD connector (J14)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
Signal
+12 VDC
GND
+5 VDC
ENAVEE
P0
P2
P4
P6
P8
P10
P12
P14
P16
P18
P20
P22
GND
SHF CLK
M
GND
NC
NC
32 Gene-4310 User Manual
Pin Signal
2
+12 VDC
4
GND
6
+5 VDC
8
GND
10 P1
12 P3
14 P5
16 P7
18 P9
20 P11
22 P13
24 P15
26 P17
28 P19
30 P21
32 P23
34 GND
36 FLM (V SYS)
38 LP (H SYS)
40 ENABKL
42 NC
44 NC
LVDS Connector (J15) (Type S & T)
Gene-4310 T supports one 20-Pin header for LVDS functions
connector. For further details see pin definition below.
LVDS Connector (J15)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
Signal
TX 1 +
GND
TXCLK+
GND
PPVCC
TX2+
GND
TXO+
GND
GND
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Signal
TX1GND
TXCLKPPVCC
PPVCC
TX2GND
TXOGND
GND
Chapter 2 Installation 33
100Base-T Ethernet connector (CN2)
This 100Base-T Ethernet connector is a standard RJ-45 connector.
The onboard Intel 82559ER fast Ethernet controller supports 10Mb/
s and 100 Mb/s N-way auto-negotiation operation. Ethernet is the
most popular type of local area network, which sends its communications through radio frequency signals carried by a coaxial cable.
Ethernet uses a bus or star topology and supports data transfer
rates of 10 Mbps. A newer version of Ethernet, called 100Base-T
(or Fast Ethernet), supports data transfer rates of 100 Mbps.
100Base-Tx Ethernet connector (CN2)
Pin
1
3
5
7
Signal
Tx+
Rx+
NC
NC
Pin
2
4
6
8
Signal
TxNC
RxNC
Power connector (P1)
In single board computer (non-passive backplane) applications,
you will need to connect the power to the Gene-4310 board using
P1. This connector is fully compatible with the standard PC power
supply connector. See the following table for its pin assignments:
Power connector (P1)
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
+5V
GND
GND
+12 Vcc
34 Gene-4310 User Manual
Keyboard and PS/2 mouse connector
(CN11)
The Gene-4310 provides a keyboard connector which supports
both a keyboard and a PS/2 style mouse. In most cases, especially
in embedded applications, a keyboard is not used. The standard
PC/AT BIOS will report an error or fail during power-on-self-test
(POST) after a reset if the keyboard is not present. The mainboard BIOS Advanced setup menu allows you to select "Present"
or "Absent" under the "System Keyboard" section. This allows
no-keyboard operation in embedded system applications without
the system halting under POST (power-on-self-test).
Keyboard and mouse connector (CN11)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Signal
KB DATA
MS DATA
GND
Vcc
KB CLOCK
MS CLOCK
Chapter 2 Installation 35
CHAPTER
3
Award BIOS Setup
This chapter describes how to configure
the BIOS for the Gene-4310.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
35
Starting
setup
The Award BIOS is immediately activated when you first turn on
the computer. The BIOS reads system configuration information in
CMOS RAM and begins the process of checking out the system
and configuring it through the power-on self test (POST).
When these preliminaries are finished, the BIOS seeks an operating
system on one of the data storage devices (hard drive, floppy
drive, etc.). The BIOS launches the operating system and hands
control of system operations to it.
During POST, you can start the Setup program in one of two ways:
1.By pressing Del immediately after switching the system on, or
2.By pressing Del or pressing Ctrl-Alt-Esc when the following
message appears briefly at the bottom of the screen during POST:
TO ENTER SETUP BEFORE BOOT PRESS DEL KEY
If the message disappears before you respond and you still wish to
enter Setup, restart the system to try again by turning it OFF then
ON or pressing the RESET button on the system case. You may
also restart by simultaneously pressing Ctr-Alt-Del. If you do not
press the keys at the correct time and the system does not boot, an
error message appears and you are again asked to
PRESS F1 TO CONTINUE, DEL TO ENTER SETUP
36
Gene-4310 User Manual
Setup keys
These keys helps you navigate in Setup:
Up arrow
Down arrow
Left arrow
Right arrow
Esc
PgDn/+
PgDn/F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
Move to previous item
Move to next item
Move to the item in the left hand
Move to the item in the right hand
Main Menu: Quit and not save changes into
CMOS RAM
Other pages: Exit current page and return to
Main Menu
Increase the numeric value or make
changes
Decrease the numeric value or make
changes
General help, only for Status Page Setup
Menu and Option Page Setup Menu
Change color from total 16 colors. F2 to
select color forward, Shift-F2 to select color
backward
Calendar, only for Status Page Setup Menu
Reserved
Restore the previous CMOS value from
CMOS, only for Option Page Setup Menu
Load the default CMOS RAM value from
BIOS default table, only for Option Page
Setup Menu
Load the default
Reserved
Reserved
Save all the CMOS changes, only for Main
Menu
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
37
Getting help
Press F1 to pop up a small help window that describes the appropriate keys to use and the possible selections for the highlighted
item. To exit the Help Window press Esc or the F1 key again.
In Case of Problems
If, after making and saving system changes with Setup, you
discover that your computer no longer is able to boot, the AwardBIOS supports an override to the CMOS settings that resets your
system to its default configuration.
You can invoke this override by immediately pressing Insert; when
you restart your computer. You can restart by either using the ON/
OFF switch, the RESET button or by pressing Ctrl-Alt-Delete.
The best advice is to alter only settings that you thoroughly
understand. In particular, do not change settings in the Chipset
screen without a good reason. The Chipset defaults have been
carefully chosen by Award Software or your system manufacturer
for the best performance and reliability. Even a seemingly small
change to the Chipset setup may causing the system to become
unstable.
38
Gene-4310 User Manual
Main setup Menu
Standard CMOS
Options in the original PC AT-compatible
BIOS.
BIOS Features
Award Software enhanced BIOS options.
Chipset Features Options specific to your system chipset.
Power
Advanced Power Management (APM)
Management
options.
PnP/PCI
Plug and Play standard and PCI Local Bus
Configuration
configuration options.
Integrated
I/O subsystems that depend on the intePeripherals
grated peripherals controller in your
system.
Supervisor/User Change, set, or disable a password. In
Password Setting BIOS versions that allow separate user and
supervisor passwords, only the supervisor
password permits access to Setup. The
user password generally allows only
power-on access.
IDE HDD Auto
Automatically detect and configure IDE hard
Detection
disk parameters.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
39
Load BIOS
Defaults
Load Setup
Defaults
Save & Exit
Setup
Exit Without
Save
40
BIOS defaults are factory settings for the
most stable, minimal-performance system
operations.
Setup defaults are factory settings for
optimal-performance system operations.
Save settings in nonvolatile CMOS
RAM and exit Setup.
Abandon all changes and exit Setup.
Gene-4310 User Manual
Standard CMOS setup
When you choose the STANDARD CMOS SETUP option from the
INITIAL SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
41
This standard setup menu allows users to configure system
components such as the date, time, hard disk drive, floppy drive,
display, and memory. Online help for each field can be accessed by
pressing F1.
Date and Time Configuration
The BIOS determines the day of the week from the other date
information. This field is for information only.
Press the left or right arrow key to move to the desired field (date,
month, year). Press the PgUp/- or PgDn/+ key to increment the
setting, or type the desired value into the field.
The time format is based on the 24-hour military-time clock. For
example, 1 p.m. is 13:00:00. Press the left or right arrow key to move
to the desired field. Press the PgUp/- or PgDn/+ key to increment
the setting, or type the desired value into the field.
HARD DISKS
The BIOS supports up to four IDE drives. This section does not
show information about other IDE devices, such as a CD-ROM
drive, or about other hard drive types, such as SCSI drives.
NOTE: We recommend that you select type AUTO for all drives.
The BIOS can automatically detect the specifications and optimal
operating mode of almost all IDE hard drives. When you select
type AUTO for a hard drive, the BIOS detects its specifications
during POST, every time the system boots.
42
Gene-4310 User Manual
If you do not want to select drive type AUTO, other methods of
selecting the drive type are available:
1.Match the specifications of your installed IDE hard drive(s) with
the preprogrammed values for drive types 1 through 45.
2.Select USER and enter values into each drive parameter field.
3.Use the IDE HDD AUTO DECTECTION function in Setup.
Here is a brief explanation of drive specifications:
•Type: The BIOS contains a table of pre-defined drive types. Each
defined drive type has a specified number of cylinders,
number of heads, write precompensation factor, landing
zone, and number of sectors. Drives whose specifications
do not accommodate any pre-defined type are classified as
type USER.
•Size: Disk drive capacity (approximate). Note that this size is
usually slightly greater than the size of a formatted disk
given by a disk-checking program.
• Cyls: Number of cylinders
• Head: Number of heads
• Precomp: Write precompensation cylinder
• Landz: Landing zone
• Sector: Number of sectors
• Mode: Auto, Normal, Large, or LBA
- Auto: The BIOS automatically determines the optimal mode.
- Normal: Maximum number of cylinders, heads, and sectors
supported are 1024, 16, and 63.
- Large: For drives that do not support LBA and have more than
1024 cylinders.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
43
- LBA (Logical Block Addressing): During drive accesses, the
IDE controller transforms the data address described by
sector, head, and cylinder number into a physical block
address, significantly improving data transfer rates. For
drives with greater than 1024 cylinders.
Drive A
Drive B
Select the correct specifications for the diskette drive(s) installed in
the computer.
None
360K, 5.25 in
1.2M, 5.25 in
720K, 3.5 in
1.44M, 3.5 in
2.88M, 3.5 in
44
No diskette drive installed
5-1/4 inch PC-type standard drive; 360
kilobyte capacity
5-1/4 inch AT-type high-density drive; 1.2
megabyte capacity
3-1/2 inch double-sided drive; 720 kilobyte
capacity
3-1/2 inch double-sided drive; 1.44 mega
byte capacity
3-1/2 inch double-sided drive; 2.88 mega
byte capacity
Gene-4310 User Manual
Halt On
During the power-on-self-test (POST), the computer stops if the
BIOS detects a hardware error. You can tell the BIOS to ignore
certain errors during POST and continue the boot-up process.
These are the selections:
• No errors: POST does not stop for any errors.
• All errors If: the BIOS detects any non-fatal error, POST stops
and prompts you to take corrective action.
• All, But Keyboard: POST does not stop for a keyboard error, but
stops for all other errors
• All, But Diskette: POST does not stop for diskette drive errors,
but stops for all other errors.
• All, But Disk/Key: POST does not stop for a keyboard or disk
error, but stops for all other errors.
•Other Memory
Between 640 KB and 1 MB; often called High memory. DOS may
load terminate-and-stay-resident (TSR) programs, such as device
drivers, in this area, to free as much conventional memory as
possible for applications. Lines in your CONFIG.SYS file that start
with LOADHIGH load programs into high memory.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
45
BIOS features setup
By choosing the BIOS FEATURES SETUP option from the INITIAL
SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
46
Gene-4310 User Manual
The displayed configuration is based on the manufacturer's SETUP
DEFAULTS settings.
Virus Warning
When enabled, you receive a warning message if a program
(specifically, a virus) attempts to write to the boot sector or the
partition table of the hard disk drive. You should then run an antivirus program. Keep in mind that this feature protects only the boot
sector, not the entire hard drive.
NOTE: Many disk diagnostic programs that access the boot
sector table can trigger the virus warning message. If you plan to
run such a program, we recommend that you first disable the virus
warning.
CPU Internal Cache
Cache memory is additional memory that is much faster than
conventional DRAM (system memory). CPUs from 486-type on up
contain internal cache memory, and most, but not all, modern PCs
have additional (external) cache memory. When the CPU requests
data, the system transfers the requested data from the main DRAM
into cache memory, for even faster access by the CPU.
The External Cache field may not appear if your system does not
have external cache memory.
Quick Power On Self Test
Select Enabled to reduce the amount of time required to run the
power-on-self-test (POST). A quick POST skips certain steps. We
recommend that you normally disable quick POST. Better to find a
problem during POST than lose data during your work.
Boot Sequence
The original IBM PCs loaded the DOS operating system from drive
A (floppy disk), so IBM PC-compatible systems are designed to
search for an operating system first on drive A, and then on drive C
(hard disk). However, the BIOS now offers many boot sequence
options.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
47
Swap Floppy Drive
This field is effective only in systems with two floppy drives.
Selecting enabled assigns physical drive B to logical drive A, and
physical drive A to logical drive B.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
When Enabled, the BIOS tests (seeks) floppy drives to determine
whether they have 40 or 80 tracks. Only 360-KB floppy drives have
40 tracks; drives with 720 KB, 1.2 MB, and 1.44 MB capacity all
have 80 tracks. Because very few modern PCs have 40-track floppy
drives, we recommend that you set this field to Disabled to save
time.
Boot Up NumLock Status
Toggle between On or Off to control the state of the NumLock key
when the system boots. When toggled On, the numeric keypad
generates numbers instead of controlling cursor operations.
Gate A20 Option
Gate A20 refers to the way the system addresses memory above 1
MB (extended memory). When set to Fast, the system chipset
controls Gate A20. When set to Normal, a pin in the keyboard
controller controls Gate A20. Setting Gate A20 to Fast improves
system speed, particularly with OS/2 and Windows.
Security Option
If you have set a password, select whether the password is
required every time the System boots, or only when you enter
Setup.
48
Gene-4310 User Manual
Shadow
Software that resides in a read-only memory (ROM) chip on a
device is called firmware. The AwardBIOS permits shadowing of
firmware such as the system BIOS, video BIOS, and similar operating instructions that come with some expansion peripherals, such
as, for example, a SCSI adaptor.
Shadowing copies firmware from ROM into system RAM, where
the CPU can read it through the 16-bit or 32-bit DRAM bus.
Firmware not shadowed must be read by the system through the 8bit X-bus. Shadowing improves the performance of the system
BIOS and similar ROM firmware for expansion peripherals, but it
also reduces the amount of high memory (640 KB to 1 MB) available for loading device drivers, etc.
Enable shadowing into each section of memory separately. Many
system designers hardwire shadowing of the system BIOS and
eliminate a System BIOS Shadow option.
Video BIOS shadows into memory area C8000-CBFFF. The remaining areas shown on the BIOS Features Setup screen may be
occupied by other expansion card firmware. If an expansion
peripheral in your system contains ROM-based firmware, you need
to know the address range the ROM occupies to shadow it into the
correct area of RAM.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
49
CHIPSET features setup
By choosing the CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP option from the
INITIAL SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
50
Gene-4310 User Manual
The displayed configuration is based on the manufacturer's SETUP
DEFAULTS settings.
This section allows you to configure the system based on the
specific features of the installed chipset. This chipset manages bus
speeds and access to system memory resources, such as SDRAM.
It also coordinates communications between the conventional ISA
bus and the PCI bus. It must be stated that these items should
never need to be altered. The default settings have been chosen
because they provide the best operating conditions for your
system. The only time you might consider making any changes
would be if you discovered that data was being lost while using
your system.
Because of the complexity and technical nature of some of the
options, not all of the options are described here.
SDRAM CAS Latency Time
When synchronous SDRAM is installed, you can control the
number of CLKs between when the SDRAMs sample a read
command and when the contoller samples read data from the
SDRAMs. Do not reset this field from the default value specified
by the system designer.
8/16 Bit I/O Recovery Time
The I/O recovery mechanism adds bus clock cycles between PCIoriginated I/O cycles to the ISA bus. This delay takes place
because the PCI bus is so much faster than the ISA bus.
These two fields let you add recovery time (in bus clock cycles) for
16-bit and 8-bit I/O.
USB Controller
The Gene-4310 supports 2 sets of USB for connection. To Enable
the onboard USB controller please set to Enable, otherwise set to
Disable as default.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
51
USB legacy support
When you set the USB controller to be Enable, then the item will be
appear. It is in order to support applications and drivers in nonUSB-aware environments (e.g., DOS), the Host controller needs to
provide some amount of hardware support for the emulation of PS/
2 KB or PS/2 Mouse by their USB equivalents.
Hardware monitoring support
The Gene-4310 support onboard monitoring as CPU temperature,
Fan speed, and Voltages for user reference.
52
Gene-4310 User Manual
Power
management
setup
By choosing the POWER MANAGEMENT option from the
INITIAL SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
53
Power Management
This option allows you to select the type (or degree) of power
saving for Doze, Standby, and Suspend modes.
This table describes each power management mode:
Max Saving
User Define
Min Saving
Maximum power savings. Only Available for
SL CPUs. Inactivity period is 1 minute in
each mode.
Set each mode individually. Select time-out
periods in the section for each mode,
below.
Minimum power savings. Inactivity period is
1 hour in each mode (except the hard
drive).
Doze Mode
After the selected period of system inactivity, the CPU clock
throttles to a small percentage of its duty cycle — between 10
percent and 25 percent for most chipsets. All other devices still
operate at full speed.
Standby mode
After the selected period of system inactivity, the CPU clock stops,
the board drive enters an idle state, and the L2 cache enters a
power-save mode. All other devices still operate at full speed.
HDD Power Down
After the selected period of drive inactivity, any system IDE
devices compatible with the ATA-2 specification or later power
manage themselves, putting themselves into an idle state after the
specified timeout and then waking themselves up when accessed.
54
Gene-4310 User Manual
MODEM Use IRQ
Name the interrupt request (IRQ) line assigned to the modem (if
any) on your system. Activity of the selected IRQ always awakens
the system.
Throttle Duty Cycle
When the system enters Doze mode, the CPU clock runs only part
of the time. You may select the percent of time that the clock runs.
IRQ1~IRQ15
IRQ1 (keyboard)
IRQ3 (COM2)
IRQ4 (COM1)
IRQ5 (LPT2)
IRQ6 (Floppy Disk)
IRQ7 (LPT1)
IRQ9 (IRQ2 Redir)
IRQ10 (Reserved)
IRQ11 (Reserved)
IRQ12 (PS/2 mouse)
IRQ13 (Coprocessor)
IRQ14 (Hard Disk)
IRQ15 (Reserved)
As abye the default setting are Disable.
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PNP/PCI configuration setup
By choosing the PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION SETUP option from
the initial SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
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Gene-4310 User Manual
PNP OS Installed
Select Yes if the system operating environment is Plug-and-Play
aware (e.g., Windows 95).
Resources Controlled By
The Plug and Play AwardBIOS can automatically configure all the
boot and Plug and Play-compatible devices. If you select Auto, all
the interrupt request (IRQ) and DMA assignment fields disappear,
as the BIOS automatically assigns them.
Reset Configuration Data
Normally, you leave this field Disabled. Select Enabled to reset
Extended System Configuration Data (ESCD) when you exit Setup if
you have installed a new add-on and the system reconfiguration
has caused such a serious conflict that the operating system
cannot boot.
PCI IRQ Activated by
Leave the IRQ trigger set at Level unless the PCI device assigned
to the interrupt specifies Edge-triggered interrupts.
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Load BIOS defaults/Load setup
defaults
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS loads the default system values directly
from ROM. The BIOS DEFAULTS provides the most stable
settings, though they do not provide optimal performance. LOAD
SETUP DEFAULTS, on the other hand, provides for maximum
system performance. If the stored record created by the setup
utility becomes corrupted (and therefore unusable), BIOS defaults
will load automatically when you turn the Gene-4310 on.
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Gene-4310 User Manual
Integrated
peripherals
setup
By choosing the INTEGRATD PERIPHERALS option from the
initial SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
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IDE HDD Block Mode
Select Enabled only if your hard drives support block mode.
IDE PIO Modes (Primary Master/Slave)
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields let you set a
PIO mode (0-4) for each of up to four IDE devices that the internal
PCI IDE interface supports. Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased performance. In Auto mode, the system automatically determines the best mode for each device.
IDE Primary Master/Slave UDMA
UDMA (Ultra DMA) is a DMA data transfer protocol that utilizes
ATA commands and the ATA bus to allow DMA commands to
transfer data at a maximum burst rate of 33 MB/s. When you select
Auto in the four IDE UDMA fields (for each of up to four IDE
devices that the internal PCI IDE interface supports), the system
automatically determines the optimal data transfer rate for each IDE
device.
KBC input clock
The Gene-4310 offer four kind of frequency for user option, as
default 6MHz, 8 MHz, 12 MHz, and 16 MHz.
Onboard FDC Controller
Select Enabled if your system has a floppy disk controller (FDC)
installed on the system board and you wish to use it. If you install
an add-in FDC or the system has no floppy drive, select Disabled in
this field.
Onboard Serial Ports (1, 2)
Select a logical COM port address for the first and second serial
ports.
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Onboard IR controller
Enable or Disable the onboard IR controller, as default is Disable.
When you set it to Enable. There are several item will be appear as
below.
IR Address select: Set IR address as (2F8H, 3E8H, 2E8H, 3E0H,
2E0H, 3F8H)
IR Mode: Setup IR mode as (IrDA, ASKIR, FIR, CIR)
When you set it to FIR mode. You also have to setting
the FIR DMA.
IR Transmittion delay: enable or Disable IR transmittion delay.
IR IRQ select: Setup IR IRQ
Onboard parallel port
You can enable or Disable the parallel port address / IRQ as 278/
IRQ5, 378/IRQ7, 3BC/IRQ7, for user option.
ECP mode use DMA
Setup ECP DMA, it is available, when parallel port mode be
selected as ECP.
EPP mode select: EPP1.9
Setup EPP operation version when parallel port mode select EPP or
EPP+ECP.
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Build in CPU Audio
Onboard offer Audio function which be selected by this item, when
you set it to Enable, some extra items will appear below:
Audio I/O Base Address: Setup audio I/O base address. (220H,
240H, 260H, 280H)
Audio IRQ select: Disable or Setup audio IRQ (IRQ5, IRQ7, IRQ10,
& disable)
Audio Low DMA select: disable or Setup low DMA (DMA1,
DMA1, DMA3, & disable)
Audio High DMA select: Disable or Setup audio high DMA.
(DMA5, DMA6, & DMA7)
Multiple Monitor support: Support dual display functions (PCI
first, M/B first, No onboard).
Video Memory size
SODIMM is primarily used to support RAM. Video memory in
GENE-4310 also uses SODIMM, allocating 1.5MB to 4MB of
storage area.
TV output Mode
The Gene-4310 onboard support TV output function for option.
(NTSC, PAL).
Panel Clock Frequency
There are 4 kind of LCD frequency for option as 60Hz , 72 Hz, 80 Hz,
and 85 Hz.
Flat Panel Resolution
Onboard support TFT LCD as below.
640x480
800x600
1024x768
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Supervisor/User
password
setting
You can set either SUPERVISOR or USER PASSWORD, or both of
them. The difference between the two is that the supervisor
password allows unrestricted access to enter and change the
options of the setup menus, while the user password only allows
entry to the program, but not modify options.
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When you select this function, a message appears at the center of
the screen:
ENTER PASSWORD:
Type the password, up to eight characters, and press Enter. Typing
a password clears any previously entered password from CMOS
memory.
Now the message changes:
CONFIRM PASSWORD:
Again, type the password and press Enter.
To abort the process at any time, press Esc.
In the Security Option item in the BIOS Features Setup screen,
select System or Setup:
System Enter a password each time the system boots and when
ever you enter Setup.
Setup
Enter a password when ever you enter Setup.
NOTE: To clear the password, simply press Enter when asked to
enter a password. Then the password function is disabled.
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Gene-4310 User Manual
IDE HDD auto detection
The IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION utility can automatically detect
the IDE hard disk installed in your system. You can use it to selfdetect and/or correct the hard disk type configuration. You need to
repeat the setup for each of the IDE combinations:
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Save & exit setup
If you select this option and press <ENTER>, the values entered in
the setup utility will be recorded in the chipset's CMOS memory.
The microprocessor will check this every time you turn your
system on and compare this to what it finds as it checks the
system. This record is required for the system to operate.
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Gene-4310 User Manual
Exit without saving
If you select this option and press <ENTER>, the values entered in
the setup utility will be recorded in the chipset's CMOS memory.
The microprocessor will check this every time you turn your
system on and compare this to what it finds as it checks the
system. This record is required for the system to operate.
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CHAPTER
4
DRIVERS INSTALLATION
This Gene-4310 is equipped with an audio
interface that records and playback
CD-quality audio. This chapter provides
instructions for installing the software
drivers on the included CDROM.
Software drivers
This chapter describes the operation and installation of the display
drivers supplied on the Supporting CD-ROM that are shipped with
your product.
The onboard VGA adapter is based on the Cx5530 VGA Flat Panel/CRT
controller. This controller offers a large set of extended functions and
higher resolutions. If you intend to use your VGA adapter in standard
VGA modes only, you do not need to install any of these drivers. Since
your VGA adapter is fully compatible, it does not require any special
drivers to operate in standard modes.
The purpose of the enclosed software drivers is to take advantage of
the extended features of the CHIPS VGA Flat Panel/CRT controller.
Hardware configuration
Some of the high-resolution drivers provided in this package will work
only in certain system configurations. If a driver does not display
correctly, try the following:
1. Change the display controller to CRT-only mode, rather than flat
panel or simultaneous display mode. Some high-resolution drivers
will display correctly only in CRT mode.
2. If a high-resolution mode is not supported on your system, try
using a lower-resolution mode. For example, 1024 x 768 mode will
not work on some systems, but 800 x 600 mode is supported on
most.
Necessary prerequisites
The instructions in this manual assume that you understand
elementary concepts of MS-DOS and the IBM Personal Computer.
Before you attempt to install any driver from the Supporting CDROM, you should:
• Know how to copy files from a CD-ROM to a directory on the
hard disk
• Understand the MS-DOS directory structure
If you are uncertain about any of these concepts, please refer to
the DOS or OS/2 user reference guides for more information before
you proceed with the installation.
Before you begin
Make sure you know the version of the application for which you
are installing drivers. The Supporting CD-ROM contain drivers for
several versions of certain applications. For your driver to operate
properly, you must install the driver for your version of the
application program.
Windows 95/98
Installing VGA and Audio Driver
Gene-4310 has a built in CX 5530 chipset that offers VGA and
Audio interface. The installation for VGA and Audio are
automatic. Simply, install the provided CD into the CD-ROM drive
and select, my computer. Click on the CD-ROM drive in the
opened window. Find the VGA and Audio file named Cyrix Media
GX Certified Win9x Driver 4.0, and double click on the file. The
file will open up and offer a set up wizard. Follow the instructions
and click on the corresponding buttons and the VGA and Audio
features will self install. Shutdown afterwards to ensure proper
installation.
Installing Lan Driver
First you must unzip the Lan Intel 82559ER file on the CD-ROM. If
the file is already unzipped, proceed with the installtion. There are
two main files needed for installation b559mux and d559vx.
Choose and click on my computer, from there select your CD-ROM
drive. Find the two file names from above and select enter. The
following three pages show installation directions. Follow the
same steps for both files and your LAN driver will have been
installed. Shut down afterwards to ensure proper installation.
Ethernet Installation
After installing the provided CD in the CD-ROM player this
widow will appear. Double click on the b559mus icon to proceed
with the installation. The file name for ethernet installation is
82559ER, in the 82559erdrivers16.zip.
Ethernet Installation
This window is asking for a folder location on your computer to
save this new Ethernet download. In this situation the
preselected folder is the C:folder. If you choose to change the
folder location simple double click the Browse icon and make
your selection. To proceed with the installation, simply double
click on the Finish icon.
Ethernet Installation
This is the final step in the Ethernet installation. Simply double
click on the YES icon to finalize the installation.
Windows® NT 4.0
VGA Driver
Driver installation
1. Install WindowsÒ NT 4.0 as you normally would for a VGA
display. Click the Start buttom, go to Settings and click on
Control Panel icon. Then choose the Display and double click on
the icon. In the Display Properties window, click the Setting
buttom, then click the Display Type buttom into the Display Type
windows, then click on Change buttom from the Adapter Type icon.
And click on Have Disk buttom in the change display window.
2. Place the Supporting CD-ROM into your CD-ROM dirve. In the
Select Device window, click on Have Disk, select "Browse" and
find the NT 4.0 driver from:
cd-rom : \CD ROM\model name\dirver\vga driver\win98
nt\windows.nt\nt40\Oemsetup.inf
"cd-rom" : the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive
"model name" : the model number of your product
and then click OK. The name of the CCryix Xpress
GRAPHICS(TM) driver will appear highlighted in the Modules list
box. Select Gx5530 and Click OK. Click OK to start the driver
installation.
3. Once the installation is complete, the Change Display Type window
will reappear. Click on close to close the window. Then the
Display Properties window will reappear. Click on Apply. Restart
the system for the new settings to take effect.
4. There are five files ( gx.dll, gx.sys, gx.inf, gx.vid, license.pdf) in the
Windows NT 4.0 system.
Windows® NT 4.0
Audio Driver
Driver installation
*Must Disable the MPU-401 function first, In your
BIOS*
1. Install WindowsÒ NT 4.0 as you normally would for a Audio driver
display. Click the Start button, go to Settings and click on Control
Panel icon. Then choose the multimedia and double click on the
icon. In the Multimedia window, click the device button, then click
the add button in the device window. Select the unlisted or updated
driver, then click on the OK button. The next window will ask for a
specific drive location and file name. The audio driver will be found
in the CD-ROM player under the Audio section. After you have
found the location of your audio drive, click OK.
2. Place the Supporting CD-ROM into your CD-ROM dirve. In the
Select Device window, click on Have Disk, select "Browse" and
find the NT 4.0 driver from:
cd-rom : \CD ROM\model name\dirver\audio driver\win98
nt\windows.nt\nt40\Oemsetup.inf
"cd-rom" : the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive
"model name" : the model number of your product
Once you have found the audio driver, click OK. Next an add
unlisted or updated driver window will appear, there will be a
message reading National Xpress Audio (TM) Driver, click OK.
AN I/O window will appear next asking for the address number,
type in 220 and click on the continue button. The very next
window is the Xpress Audio Configuration window. In the bottom
of the page there is a MPU 401 I/O Address, select the disable
function and click OK.
The audio driver has been installed please restart your system.
Windows® NT 4.0
Lan Driver
Driver installation
1. Install WindowsÒ NT 4.0 as you normally would for a Lan driver
display. Click the Start buttom, go to Settings and click on
Control Panel icon. Then choose the Network and double click on
the icon. In the Network window, click the Yes, want to install
button. Then a wired to network window will appearclick the Next
button. A select from list window will then appear click on the
choose from disk option. Once you have found your CD-ROM
address click OK.
2. Place the Supporting CD-ROM into your CD-ROM dirve.
cd-rom : \CD ROM\model name\dirver\lan driver\win98
nt\windows.nt\nt40\Oemsetup.inf
"cd-rom" : the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive
"model name" : the model number of your product
and then click OK.
In the next widow INTEL (R) GD82559ER Evaluation Adapter will
appear, click OK.
The next window will be asking for Network Protocal information
select the desired options and click, next.
3. Once the installation is complete, check under the Network windows in the control panel option to verify your LAN driver has
been installed.
APPENDIX
A
Programming the
Watchdog Timer
The mainboard is equipped with a
watchdog timer that resets the CPU or
generates an interrupt if processing comes
to a standstill for whatever reason. This
feature ensures system reliability in
industrial stand-alone and unmanned
environments.
Appendix A Programming the Watchdog Timer
71
Programming the watchdog timer
Watchdog timer
The watchdog timer uses a 8-bit counter. The time range is from 15
seconds to 3825 seconds with a resolution of 15 seconds. When
timer times out, a system reset will happen.
Configuration register
The watchdog timer of Gene-4310 is located on the chipset –
Winbond W83977. If you want to use it, you have to know how to
read/write the configuration register of W83977. The basic procedure is as follows.
1. Enter configuration mode.
2. Select Logical Device.
3. Select register number.
4. Write/read data to/from register.
5. Exit configuration mode.
To Enter/Exit the configuration mode is to write a specific value to
configuration port — 370h.
Enter configuration mode: write value 87h to configuration port
twice.
Exit configuration mode: write value aah to configuration port.
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How to set the watchdog timer
1.Set register 30h of logical device 7 to 1 to activate the timer.
2.Write the desired counter value to register F2h of logical deivice
8.
Logical Device 7 : Register number 30h (CR30)
00h : Logical device is inactive
01h : Activates the logical device
Logicel Device 8 : Register number F2h (CRF2)
00h : Time-out Disable
01h : Time-out occurs after 15 seconds
02h : Time-out occurs after 30 seconds
03h : Time-out occurs after 45 seconds
04h : Time-out occurs after 60 seconds
...........................
FFh : Time-out occurs after 3825 seconds
Appendix A Programming the Watchdog Timer
73
Example
Following is an example of programming 15 sec period for watchdog timer in assembly language. When timer times out, it will
generate signal of system reset.
CONFIG_PORT
dw
370h
DATA_PORT
dw
371h
SetWatchDog_Time PROC
push bx
push cx
push dx
mov
bl,7
;; Select logical device number 7
mov
ax,0130h
;; write 01h to register 30h to
activate
;; timer
call
W977Write ;; mov bl,8
;; Select logical device number 8
mov
ax,01f2h
;; write time-out value (01h) to
register
;; F2h
call
pop
pop
pop
mov
int
ret
W977Write
dx
cx
bx
ah,4ch
21h
SetWatchDog_Time ENDP
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;; set time-out value to 32 sec
;; Enter to I/O Chip Program Configuration Register Mode Enterv
Config proc
push
ax
push
dx
mov
al,87h
;; Specific value to enter Config
;; Mode
mov
dx,cs:CONFIG_PORT
out
dx,al
out
dx,al
jmp
$+2
;; Delay
jmp
$+2
;;
pop
dx
pop
ax
;; Write to Config Port twice!
ret
EnterConfig endp
;; Exit to I/O Chip Program Configuration Register Mode
ExitConfig proc
push ax
push dx
mov
al,0aah ;; Specific value to exit Config
;; Mode
mov
dx,cs:CONFIG_PORT
out
dx,al
pop
dx
pop
ax
ret
Appendix A Programming the Watchdog Timer
75
ExitConfig endp
;; Select The I/O Chip Program Configuration Register Logical
Device
;; Input : bl = logical device number
SelectDevice proc
push ax
push dx
mov
al,07h
;; Select control register 7
mov
dx,cs:CONFIG_PORT
out
dx,al
jmp
$+2
mov
al,bl
mov
dx,cs:DATA_PORT
out
dx,al
pop
dx
pop
ax
;; Write to Config Port
;; Write logical device number
;; to Data Port
ret
SelectDevice endp
;; Setting I/O Chip Program Configuration Register Value
;; Input : al = register number
;; ah = setting value
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Gene-4310 User Manual
W977Write PROC
push
dx
call
EnterConfig
;; Enter Config Mode
call
SelectDevice
;; Select logical device
mov
dx,cs:CONFIG_PORT
out
dx,al
mov
al,ah
mov
dx,cs:DATA_PORT
out
dx,al
call
ExitConfig
pop
dx
;; Select register number
;; Exit Config Mode
ret
W977Write ENDP
end
Appendix A Programming the Watchdog Timer
77