McAfee M4050 - Network Security Platform Product guide

M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
Revision B
McAfee® Network Security Platform
COPYRIGHT
Copyright © 2014 McAfee, Inc., 2821 Mission College Boulevard, Santa Clara, CA 95054, 1.888.847.8766, www.intelsecurity.com
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FILE AVAILABLE ON THE WEBSITE FROM WHICH YOU DOWNLOADED THE SOFTWARE PACKAGE). IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ALL OF THE TERMS SET
FORTH IN THE AGREEMENT, DO NOT INSTALL THE SOFTWARE. IF APPLICABLE, YOU MAY RETURN THE PRODUCT TO MCAFEE OR THE PLACE OF
PURCHASE FOR A FULL REFUND.
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McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
Contents
1
Preface
5
About this guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What's in this guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Find product documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
5
5
6
6
Overview
7
About Network Security Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Functions of a Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network topology considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M-3050/M-4050 key features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M-3050/M-4050 physical description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front and back panel LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
Before you install
15
Usage restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About fiber-optic ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents of the box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unpack the Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Setting up the Sensor
Attaching Cables to the Sensor
15
15
16
17
17
19
Setup overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to position the Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install the rails and ears on the chassis and rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mount the Sensor on a rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remove a Sensor from the rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Redundant power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install the power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remove the power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable the Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small form-factor pluggable modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SFP modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XFP modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install a module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remove a module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power on the Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power off the Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
7
8
8
9
10
10
11
19
19
20
20
20
21
21
22
22
23
23
24
24
25
25
25
27
Cable the Console port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
Cable the Auxiliary port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Connect the cable to the Response port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
3
Contents
About the fail-open port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable the Management port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About connecting cables to the Monitoring ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to use peer ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default Monitoring port speed settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable types for routers, switches, hubs, and PCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect the cables for in-line mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect the cables for tap mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect the cables for SPAN or hub mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable the fail-over interconnection ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How does the fail-open function work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
29
29
29
29
30
30
30
31
31
31
32
5
Troubleshooting the Sensor
35
6
Sensor technical specifications
37
A
Regulatory, compliance, and safety information
39
Index
41
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
Preface
This guide provides the information you need to configure, use, and maintain your McAfee product.
Contents
About this guide
Find product documentation
About this guide
This information describes the guide's target audience, the typographical conventions and icons used
in this guide, and how the guide is organized.
Audience
McAfee documentation is carefully researched and written for the target audience.
The information in this guide is intended primarily for:
•
Administrators — People who implement and enforce the company's security program.
•
Users — People who use the computer where the software is running and can access some or all of
its features.
Conventions
This guide uses these typographical conventions and icons.
Book title, term,
emphasis
Title of a book, chapter, or topic; a new term; emphasis.
Bold
Text that is strongly emphasized.
User input, code,
message
Commands and other text that the user types; a code sample; a displayed
message.
Interface text
Words from the product interface like options, menus, buttons, and dialog
boxes.
Hypertext blue
A link to a topic or to an external website.
Note: Additional information, like an alternate method of accessing an
option.
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
5
Preface
Find product documentation
Tip: Suggestions and recommendations.
Important/Caution: Valuable advice to protect your computer system,
software installation, network, business, or data.
Warning: Critical advice to prevent bodily harm when using a hardware
product.
What's in this guide
This guide contains information necessary to setup your M-3050/M-4050 Sensor model. This
information includes guiding you through preconfiguring, cabling, and troubleshooting your Sensor.
Find product documentation
McAfee provides the information you need during each phase of product implementation, from
installation to daily use and troubleshooting. After a product is released, information about the product
is entered into the McAfee online KnowledgeBase.
Task
1
Go to the McAfee Technical Support ServicePortal at http://mysupport.mcafee.com.
2
Under Self Service, access the type of information you need:
To access...
Do this...
User documentation
1 Click Product Documentation.
2 Select a product, then select a version.
3 Select a product document.
KnowledgeBase
• Click Search the KnowledgeBase for answers to your product questions.
• Click Browse the KnowledgeBase for articles listed by product and version.
6
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
1
Overview
This chapter provides an overview of McAfee® Network Security Sensors in general and the M-3050/
M-4050 Sensor model in particular.
Contents
About Network Security Sensors
Functions of a Sensor
Network topology considerations
M-3050/M-4050 key features
M-3050/M-4050 physical description
About Network Security Sensors
McAfee Network Security Sensors (Sensors) are high-performance, scalable, and flexible content
processing appliances built for the accurate detection and prevention of:
•
network intrusions
•
network misuse
•
Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks
Sensors are specifically designed to handle traffic at wire speed, efficiently inspect and detect
intrusions with a high degree of accuracy, and flexible enough to adapt to the security needs of any
enterprise environment. When deployed at key network access points, the Sensor provides real-time
traffic monitoring to detect malicious activity and respond to the malicious activity as configured by
the administrator.
After you deploy a Sensor successfully, you configure and manage it using the McAfee® Network
Security Manager (Manager). The process of configuring a Sensor and establishing communication
with the Manager is described in the subsequent chapters of this guide. For the details about the
Manager, see the McAfee Network Security Platform Getting Started Guide.
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
7
1
Overview
Functions of a Sensor
Functions of a Sensor
The primary function of a McAfee® Network Security Sensor (Sensor) is to analyze traffic on selected
network segments and to respond when an attack is detected. The Sensor examines the header and
data portion of every network packet, looking for patterns and behavior in the network traffic that
indicate malicious activity. The Sensor examines packets according to user-configured policies, or rule
sets, which determine what attacks to watch for, and how to respond with countermeasures if an
attack is detected.
If an attack is detected, a Sensor responds according to its configured policy. Sensor can perform
many types of attack responses, including generating alerts and packet logs, resetting TCP
connections, "scrubbing" malicious packets, and even blocking attack packets entirely before they
reach the intended target.
Network topology considerations
Deployment of a Sensor requires knowledge of your network to help determine the level of
configuration and the number of installed Sensors. You also need to determine the number of McAfee®
ePolicy Orchestrator (McAfee ePO) /McAfee NAC servers required to protect your network. The Sensor
is purpose-built for the monitoring of traffic across one or more network segments. For more
information, see the McAfee Network Security Platform Getting Started Guide.
8
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
Overview
M-3050/M-4050 key features
1
Following is an example of a network topology using Gigabit Ethernet throughput. In the illustration,
McAfee® Network Security Platform (formerly McAfee® IntruShield®) provides IPS protection to
outsourced servers. High port-density and virtualization provides a highly scalable solution, while
Network Security Platform protects against Web and eCommerce mail server exploits.
Figure 1-1 A sample Network Security Platform deployment
M-3050/M-4050 key features
The M-3050/M-4050 Sensor includes the following features:
M-3050
M-4050
4 -10-GbE XFP
4 -10-GbE XFP
8 SFP ports (10/100/1000 copper or 1 GbE fiber)
8 SFP ports (10/100/1000 copper or 1 GbE fiber)
1 10/100/1000 Base-T Management port
1 10/100/1000 Base-T Management port
1 Response port
1 Response port
Hot-swappable SFP/XFP modules
Hot-swappable SFP/XFP modules
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
9
1
Overview
M-3050/M-4050 physical description
M-3050
M-4050
Dual power supply
Dual power supply
3 Fan units (that are field replaceable)
3 Fan units (that are field replaceable)
It has 2 XLRs (A/B) host entries
It has 3 XLRs (A/B/C) host entries
Power slots for fail-open kit
Power slots for fail-open kit
M-3050/M-4050 physical description
The high-port density M-3050/M-4050, is designed for high bandwidth links, and is equipped to
support two 10 Gigabit full-duplex Ethernet segments or four 10 Gigabit SPAN ports transmitting
aggregated traffic. Additionally, it supports four 1 Gigabit full-duplex Ethernet segments or eight 1
Gigabit SPAN ports transmitting aggregated traffic.
Ports
The M-3050/M-4050 is a 2RU (2 rack unit) and is equipped with the following components:
Figure 1-2 An M-3050/M-4050 Sensor
10
Item
Description
1
Power Supply A
2
Power Supply B
3
RS-232C Console port
4
RS-232C Auxiliary port
5
RJ-11 Fail-Open Control ports
6
SFP Gigabit Ethernet Monitoring ports
7
XFP 10 Gigabit Ethernet Monitoring ports
8
Compact Flash port
9
RJ-45 Response port
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
1
Overview
M-3050/M-4050 physical description
Item
Description
10
10/100/1000 Management port
11
Back panel LEDs (3)
1
Power Supply A. Power supply A is included with each Sensor. The supply uses a standard IEC
port (IEC320-C13). McAfee provides a standard, 2m NEMA 5-15P (US) power cable (3 wire).
International customers must procure a country-appropriate power cable.
2
Power Supply B (optional, purchased separately). Power supply B is a hot-swappable, redundant
power supply. This power supply also uses a standard IEC320-C13 port, and you can use
McAfee-provided cable or acquire one that meets your specific needs.
3
One RS-232C Console port, which is used to set up and configure the Sensor.
4
One RS-232C Auxiliary port, which may be used to dial in remotely to set up and configure the
Sensor.
5
Six RJ-11 Fail-Open Control ports, designed for use with the Optical Fail-Open Bypass kit. The
ports are marked X1, X2, X3, X4, X5, X6, (1A-1B to 6A-6B respectively.)
6
Eight small form-factor pluggable (SFP) 1 Gigabit Monitoring ports, which enable you to
monitor eight SPAN ports, four full-duplex tapped segments, four segments in-line, or a
combination (that is, for example, two full-duplex segment and four SPAN ports).
7
Four 10 Gigabit small form-factor pluggable (XFP) 10 Gigabit Monitoring ports, which
enable you to monitor four SPAN ports, two full-duplex tapped segments, two segments in-line, or
a combination (that is, for example, one full-duplex segment and two SPAN ports).
The Monitoring interfaces of the M-3050/M-4050 work in stealth mode, meaning they have no IP
address and are not visible on the monitored segment.
If you choose to run in failover mode, port 2A is used to interconnect with a standby Sensor.
The gigabit ports of the M-3050/M-4050 when deployed in in-line, fail-close, meaning that if the
Sensor fails, it will interrupt/block data flow. Fail-open functionality requires either the Layer 2
Passthru feature or the hardware Gigabit Fail-Open Bypass kit for Gigabit ports. The Layer 2
Passthru feature is described in detail in the McAfee Network Security Platform Device
Administration Guide.
8
One External Compact Flash port. This port is used only for flash recovery purposes. That is,
this port is used in troubleshooting situations where the Sensor's internal flash is corrupted and
you need to reboot the Sensor through the external compact flash. For more information, see the
on-line KnowledgeBase at http://mysupport.mcafee.com/Eservice/. Click Search the KnowledgeBase.
9
One RJ-45 Response port, which, when you're operating in SPAN or tap mode, enables you to
inject response packets back through a switch or router.
10 One RJ-45 10/100/1000 Management port, which is used for communication with the
Manager server. You can assign an IP address to this port during installation.
The M-3050/M-4050 does not have internal taps; you must use it with a third-party external tap to
run it in tap mode.
Front and back panel LEDs
The front panel LEDs provide status information for the health of the Sensor and the activity on its
ports. The following table describes the M-3050/M-4050 front panel LEDs.
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
11
1
Overview
M-3050/M-4050 physical description
LED
Status Description
Pwr A (Power A)
OK
Green
Power Supply A is functioning.
Amber Power Supply A is not functioning.
~AC
Green
Power Supply in AC mode.
Green
Power Supply B is functioning.
Pwr B (Power B)
OK
Amber Power Supply B is not functioning.
Green
~AC
Power Supply in AC mode.
If a power supply is not present, both green and amber LEDs are off.
Management Port Speed
Green
The port speed is 1000 Mbps.
Amber The port speed is 100 Mbps.
Management Port Link
Sys
Off
The port speed is 10 Mbps.
Green
The link is connected.
Off
The link is disconnected.
Green
Sensor is operating.
Amber Sensor is booting. (It could also indicate a system failure).
Fan
Green
All three fans are operating.
Amber One or more of the fans has failed.
Temp
Green
Inlet air temperature measured inside chassis is normal.
Amber (Chassis temperature OK).
Inlet air temperature measured inside chassis is too hot.
(Chassis temperature too hot).
Flash
Green
Activity on external compact flash.
Off
No activity on external compact flash.
Gigabit Ports (SFP / XFP) Act Amber Data transferring.
Off
No data transferring.
Gigabit Ports (SFP / XFP)
Link
Green
The link is connected.
Off
The link is disconnected.
Response Port Speed
Green
The port speed is 1000 Mbps.
Amber The port speed is 100 Mbps.
Response Port Link
Fail-Open Control FO
Fail-Open Control Port Err
Off
The port speed is 10 Mbps.
Green
The link is connected.
Off
The link is disconnected.
Green
The Sensor is providing power to the fail-open kit.
Off
The Sensor is not providing power to the fail-open kit.
Amber The fail-open control cable is disconnected or the Sensor is
operating in bypass mode.
Off
There is no error.
12
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
Overview
M-3050/M-4050 physical description
1
The three back panel LEDs provide information regarding the Sensor fans.
LED
Status
Description
Fan LED
OFF
The fan is functioning properly.
Amber
The fan has malfunctioned.
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
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1
Overview
M-3050/M-4050 physical description
14
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
2
Before you install
This chapter describes the best practices for deployment of Sensors in your network. Topics include
the safety considerations for handling the Sensor, usage restrictions that apply to the Sensor model,
and the contents that are shipped along with the Sensor.
Contents
Usage restrictions
Safety measures
About fiber-optic ports
Contents of the box
Unpack the Sensor
Usage restrictions
The following restrictions apply to the use and operation of a Sensor:
•
You should not remove the outer shell of the Sensor. Doing so will invalidate your warranty.
•
The Sensor appliance is not a general purpose workstation.
•
McAfee prohibits the use of the Sensor appliance for anything other than operating Network
Security Platform.
•
McAfee prohibits the modification or installation of any hardware or software on the Sensor
appliance that is not part of the normal operation of Network Security Platform.
Safety measures
Please read the following warnings before you install the Sensor. These safety measures apply to all
Sensor models unless otherwise noted. Failure to observe these safety warnings could result in serious
physical injury.
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
15
2
Before you install
About fiber-optic ports
Warnings:
•
Read the installation instructions before you connect the system to its power source.
•
To remove all power from the Sensor, unplug all power cords, including the redundant power cord.
•
Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this
equipment.
•
Before working on the equipment that is connected to power lines, remove all jewelry including
rings, necklaces, and watches. Metal objects will heat up when connected to power and ground,
and can cause serious burns or weld the metal object to the terminals.
•
This equipment is intended to be grounded. Ensure that the host is connected to earth ground
during normal use.
•
Do not remove the outer shell of the Sensor. Doing so will invalidate your warranty.
•
Do not operate the system unless all cards, faceplates, front covers, and rear covers are in place.
Blank faceplates and cover panels prevent exposure to hazardous voltages and currents inside the
chassis, contain electromagnetic interference (EMI) that might disrupt other equipment and direct
the flow of cooling air through the chassis.
•
To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits to
telephone-network voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain
TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports both use RJ-45 connectors. Use caution when connecting
cables.
•
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy, and if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, might cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which
case the users will be required to correct the interference at their own expense.
•
Refer to the Appendix for information on regulatory, compliance, and other safety requirements.
About fiber-optic ports
The Sensor uses fiber-optic connectors for its Monitoring ports. The connector type is a small
form-factor pluggable (SFP) fiber optic connector that is LC-duplex compatible.
Note the following:
•
Fiber-optic ports (for example, SFP/XFP, FDDI, OC-3, OC-12, OC-48, ATM, GBIC, and 100BaseFX)
are considered Class 1 laser or Class 1 LED ports.
•
These products have been tested and found to comply with Class 1 limits of IEC 60825-1, IEC
60825-2, EN 60825-1, EN 60825-2, and 21CFR1040.
To avoid exposure to radiation, do not stare into the aperture of a fiber-optic port. Invisible radiation
could be emitted from the aperture of the port when no fiber cable is connected.
•
16
Only FDA registered, EN 60825-1 and IEC 60825-1 certified Class 1 SFP laser transceivers are
acceptable for use with the Sensor.
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
Before you install
Contents of the box
2
Contents of the box
The following accessories are shipped in the Sensor box:
•
One Sensor.
•
One power supply.
•
Two CD-ROMs containing the Sensor software and on-line documentation.
•
Power cords. McAfee provides a standard and international power cables.
•
One set of rack mounting rails.
•
One set of rack mounting ears.
•
One printed Slide Rail Assembly Procedure.
•
One printed Quick Start Guide.
•
Release Notes.
Unpack the Sensor
Task
1
Place the Sensor box as close to the installation site as possible.
2
Position the box with the text upright.
3
Open the top flaps of the box.
4
Remove the accessory box.
5
Verify you have received all parts.
These parts are listed on the packing list and in the Contents of box section.
6
Pull out the packing material surrounding the Sensor.
7
Remove the Sensor from the anti-static bag.
8
Save the box and packing materials for later use in case you need to move or ship the Sensor.
See also
Contents of the box on page 17
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
17
2
Before you install
Unpack the Sensor
18
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
3
Setting up the Sensor
This chapter describes how to set up the Sensor for you to configure it.
Contents
Setup overview
How to position the Sensor
Redundant power supply
Cable the Sensor
Small form-factor pluggable modules
Power on the Sensor
Power off the Sensor
Setup overview
Setting up a Sensor involves the following steps:
1
Positioning the Sensor.
2
Installing interface modules (SFP and XFP).
3
Attaching power, network, and monitoring cables.
4
Powering on the Sensor.
5
Configuring the Sensor after you have set up and powered it on.
How to position the Sensor
Place the Sensor in a physically secure location, close to the switches or routers it will be monitoring.
Ideally, the Sensor should be located within a standard communications rack. To mount the Sensor on
a rack, you will attach two mounting ears and rails to the Sensor as described in the subsequent
sections of this guide.
Tasks
•
Install the rails and ears on the chassis and rack on page 20
McAfee® Network Security Platform
M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
19
3
Setting up the Sensor
How to position the Sensor
Install the rails and ears on the chassis and rack
Before you begin
Before you install the rails and ears on the chassis, make sure that the power is off.
Remove the power cable and all network interface cables from the Sensor.
Each rack-mounting rail and ear has holes that match up with holes in the chassis. You will need a
screwdriver to secure the slotted panhead screws.
Task
1
Verify that you have all the parts you will need — two three-in-one rails, two chassis ears, and
fourteen slotted panhead screws.
Each rail includes a rail that mount to the rack, a rail that slides into the mounted rail, and a rail
that is attached to the chassis.
2
Disassemble the slide rail by pulling the inner rail out and pushing the side latch in to separate.
3
Attach the inner rail to the chassis by fastening it with the screws provided.
4
Attach the ear to each side of the chassis.
5
Mount the L-shape and external rail to your rack frame.
The adjustable end of the L-shape rail is intended for placement at the back of your rack. Adjust
the rail as needed for length. You are now ready to mount the Sensor on the rack.
Mount the Sensor on a rack
McAfee recommends rack-mounting your Sensor. The rack-mounting hardware included with the
Sensor is suitable for most 19-inch equipment racks and telco-type racks. For maintenance purposes,
you must have access to the front and rear of the Sensor.
Before you mount the Sensor on the rack, make sure that the power is off. Remove the power cable and
all network interface cables from the Sensor.
Due to the weight of the appliance, McAfee recommends that two people place the chassis into the rail
cabinet.
Insert the chassis into the rail cabinet and complete the rack-mounting of the Sensor by securing the
rack mount ears to two posts or mounting strips in the rack. The ears secure the Sensor to two rack
posts. Make sure to fasten the ears securely to the rack.
Optionally, you can also mid-mount the Sensor. For details, refer to the corresponding Sensor McAfee
Network Security Platform Quick Start Guide.
Remove a Sensor from the rack
Review this section if you need to remove a Sensor from the rack.
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Setting up the Sensor
Redundant power supply
3
Because of the weight of the appliance, McAfee recommends that two people remove the chassis from
the rail cabinet. When removing the chassis from the rack, pull the chassis forward until you hear the
innermost rails snap in place. On each side of the rails, press in the release button as pictured below
and continue pulling the chassis.
Figure 3-1 Rail release latch
Redundant power supply
A basic configuration of the Sensor includes one hot-swappable supply. You can install a second
hot-swappable power supply for redundancy. You will have to purchase this redundant power supply
separately from McAfee. Each of these modules have one handle for insertion or extraction from the
unit as well as a release latch.
Figure 3-2 Power supply units
Install the power supply
Task
1
Unpack the power supply from its shipping carton.
2
Remove the faceplate panel covering the power supply slot.
The faceplate panel must remain in place unless a power supply is in the power supply slot. Do not
operate the Sensor without the faceplate panel in place.
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3
Setting up the Sensor
Cable the Sensor
3
Place the power supply in the slot with the cable outlet facing front and on the left side of the
faceplate.
Figure 3-3 Installing the power supply
4
Slide in the power supply until it makes contact with the backplane, then push firmly to mate the
connectors solidly with the backplane.
For true redundant operation with the optional redundant power supply, McAfee recommends that
you plug each supply into a different power circuit. For optimal protection, use uninterruptable
power sources.
Remove the power supply
Note that the power supplies are hot-swappable. To avoid data interruption, do not power off both
power supplies on an in-line Sensor, else the Sensor shuts down and all data traffic stops. Power off
only the power supply you are replacing.
Task
1
Unplug the power cable from its power source and remove the power cable from the power supply.
2
Put on an antistatic wrist or ankle strap.
3
Attach the strap to a bare metal surface of the chassis.
4
Push the release latch inward toward the handle.
5
Squeeze the handle of the power supply and pull it out.
6
Use faceplate panels to protect unused slots from dust and reduce electromagnetic radiation.
7
Replace the mounting bracket.
To remove all power from the Sensor, unplug all power cords.
Cable the Sensor
Follow the steps outlined in Attaching Cables to the Sensor to connect cables to the monitoring,
response, console, and management ports on your Sensor.
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Setting up the Sensor
Small form-factor pluggable modules
3
Small form-factor pluggable modules
The Sensor uses two types of small form-factor pluggable modules as shown in the following table:
Type
Performance
SFP
10/100/1000 Mbps (copper)
1 Gbps (fiber optic)
XFP
10 Gbps (fiber optic)
Each module is a hot-swappable input/output device that plugs into an LC-type Gigabit Ethernet port,
linking the module port with a copper or fiber-optic network. SFP optical interfaces are less than half
the size of GBIC interfaces.
To ensure compatibility, McAfee supports only those SFP and XFP modules purchased through McAfee
or from a McAfee-approved vendor. For a list of approved vendors, locate the relevant KnowledgeBase
article at http://mysupport.mcafee.com/Eservice/. Click Search the KnowledgeBase.
These installation instructions provide information for installing SFP and XFP modules that use a bail
clasp for securing the module in place in the Sensor. Your module might be slightly different. Check
the module manufacturer's installation instructions for more details. For ease of installation, insert the
module in the Sensor while it is powered down and before placing it on a rack.
To prevent eye damage, do not stare into open laser apertures.
SFP modules
An SFP module is a hot-swappable, protocol-independant, compact, optical receiver, which allows for
greater port density than the standard GBIC. This module operates at varying speeds for up to 1
gigabit per second on SONET/SDH, Fibre Channel, Gigabit Ethernet and other applications. An SFP
module operates in single mode and multimode. Additionally, this module transmits on a
850-nanometer wavelength on short reach (SR) and 1310-nanometer wavelength on long reach (LR).
Figure 3-4 An SFP module
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3
Setting up the Sensor
Small form-factor pluggable modules
XFP modules
The supported XFP module is a robust small form-factor pluggable, operating at 850nm, for up to 10
gigabits per second on SONET/SDH, Fibre Channel, Gigabit Ethernet and other applications. This
module operates in single mode and multimode. Additionally, this module transmits on a
850-nanometer wavelength on Short Reach (SR), and 1310-nanometer wavelength on long reach
(LR).
Figure 3-5 An XFP module
Install a module
This section provides the steps to install a module with a bail clasp.
Task
1
Remove the module from its protective packaging.
2
Make sure the module is the correct model for your network.
3
Locate the label on the module and make sure that the alignment groove is down.
For SFP modules, turn the module so that its label is on top. For XFP modules, turn the module so
that its label is on the bottom.
4
Grip the sides of the module with your thumb and fore-finger and insert the module into the
module socket.
Modules are keyed to prevent incorrect insertion.
Figure 3-6 XFP module in a Monitoring port
Figure 3-7 SFP module in a Monitoring port
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Setting up the Sensor
Power on the Sensor
3
Remove a module
Perform these tasks if you need to remove an SFP or XFP module.
Task
1
Disconnect the network fiber-optic cable from the module.
2
Release the module from the slot by pulling the bail clasp out of its locked position.
3
Slide the module out of the slot.
4
Insert the module plug into the module optical bore for protection.
Power on the Sensor
Before you begin
Do not attempt to power on the Sensor until you have installed the Sensor in a rack, made
all necessary network connections, and connected the power cable to the power supply.
If you are installing a redundant power supply, you should install it as described in Installing a power
supply. For true redundant operation with the optional redundant power supply, McAfee recommends
that you plug each supply into a different power circuit.
Task
1
Connect the power cable to the Sensor power supply.
2
Connect the power cable to a power source.
The Sensor has no power switch. It powers on as soon as one of its power cable is connected to a
power source.
Power off the Sensor
McAfee recommends that you use the shutdown CLI command to halt the Sensor before powering it
down. For more information on CLI commands, see McAfee Network Security Platform CLI Guide.
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3
Setting up the Sensor
Power off the Sensor
26
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4
Attaching Cables to the Sensor
Follow the steps outlined in this chapter to connect the cables to the various ports of your Sensor.
Contents
Cable the Console port
Cable the Auxiliary port
Connect the cable to the Response port
About the fail-open port
Cable the Management port
About connecting cables to the Monitoring ports
Connect the cables for in-line mode
Connect the cables for tap mode
Connect the cables for SPAN or hub mode
Cable the fail-over interconnection ports
How does the fail-open function work
Cable the Console port
The Console port is used to set up and configure the Sensor.
Task
1
For console connections, plug the DB9 Console cable supplied by McAfee into the Console port.
This port is labeled Console on the Sensor front panel.
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4
Attaching Cables to the Sensor
Cable the Auxiliary port
2
Connect the other end of the Console cable directly to a COM port of the PC or terminal server you
will use to configure the Sensor, for example, a PC running the correctly configured Windows
HyperTerminal software.
You must connect directly to the console for initial configuration. Required settings for
HyperTerminal are:
3
Name
Setting
Baud rate
38400
Number of bits
8
Parity
None
Stop bits
1
Flow Control
None
Power on the Sensor.
Cable the Auxiliary port
The Auxiliary port is for modem access to the Sensor for setup and configuration. You cannot use a
modem the first time you configure a Sensor.
Task
1
For modem connections, plug a straight-through modem cable into the Auxiliary port.
This port is labeled as Aux on the Sensor front panel.
2
Connect a modem to the Aux port.
3
Connect a telephone line to the modem.
Required settings for the Aux port are:
Name
Setting
Baud rate
38400
Number of bits
8
Parity
None
Stop bits
1
Flow Control
None
Connect the cable to the Response port
When operating in tap or SPAN mode, the Sensor uses its Response port to respond to attacks. When
deployed in tap mode, the Sensor does not inject response packets through the tap but uses the
Response port.
Task
1
Plug a Cat-5e Ethernet cable into the Response port.
This port is labeled Rx on the Sensor front panel.
2
28
Connect the other end of the cable to the network device such as a hub, switch, or a router,
through which you want to respond to attacks.
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Attaching Cables to the Sensor
About the fail-open port
About the fail-open port
Fail-open functionality for the GE Monitoring ports is accomplished using the standard Gigabit
Fail-open Bypass Kit, which is sold separately. Both copper and optical versions are available. Fail-open
functionality for the 10 Gigabit Monitoring ports is accomplished using the standard 10 Gigabit
(Optical) Fail-open Bypass Kit, which is also sold separately. For more information, see the
documentation that accompanies the Kit.
Cable the Management port
The Management (Mgmt) port is for communication with the Manager server.
Task
1
Plug a Cat 5/Cat 5e Ethernet cable into the Management port.
This port is labeled Mgmt on the front panel of the Sensor.
2
Connect the other end of the cable to the network device, such as a hub, switch, or a router that in
turn connects to the Manager server.
To isolate and protect your management traffic, McAfee strongly recommends that you use a
separate, dedicated management subnet to interconnect the Sensors and the Manager.
About connecting cables to the Monitoring ports
Connect to the network devices that you want to monitor through the Sensor monitoring ports. You
can deploy Sensors in the following operating modes:
•
In-line mode (fail-close)
•
SPAN or hub mode
•
In-line mode (fail-open)
•
Failover
•
External tap mode
How to use peer ports
All full-duplex Sensor deployment modes require the use of two peer monitoring ports on the Sensor.
On the Sensors, the numbered ports are wired in pairs to accommodate the traffic.
The following XFP 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports and SFP Gigabit Ethernet ports are coupled and must be
used together:
Port Pairs (and Transceiver Type)
1A and 1B (XFP)
2A and 2B (XFP)
3A and 3B (SFP)
4A and 4B (SFP)
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Attaching Cables to the Sensor
Connect the cables for in-line mode
Port Pairs (and Transceiver Type)
5A and 5B (SFP)
6A and 6B (SFP)
You cannot configure, for example, IA and 2A to work together as a pair.
Figure 4-1 Using peer ports
Default Monitoring port speed settings
Make sure that the settings on the network devices match the settings on the Sensor Monitoring ports
to which they are connected.
Table 4-1 Default Monitoring port speed settings
Monitoring Ports
Operating Mode
Speed/Duplex Setting
XFP ports
SFP ports
SPAN
Auto-negotiation is ON.
Tap
Auto-negotiation is ON.
In-line
Auto-negotiation is ON.
Cable types for routers, switches, hubs, and PCs
This section lists the types of cables that you require to connect the Sensor to other network devices:
•
Use a crossover Ethernet RJ-45 cable to connect a router port to the 10/100/1000 copper SFP
monitoring ports.
•
Use a straight-through Ethernet RJ-45 cable to connect a switch or a hub port to 10/100/1000
copper SFP monitoring ports.
•
Use a crossover Ethernet RJ-45 cable to connect a router port to PC to the Sensor Management
port.
•
Use a crossover Ethernet RJ-45 cable to connect a PC to the Sensor monitoring port.
Connect the cables for in-line mode
The Gigabit Ethernet ports fail-close, meaning they stop the flow of traffic if the Sensor fails. To allow
traffic to flow uninterrupted, you must use special hardware, and cable the Sensor to fail-open. For
instructions, see the subsequent sections of this chapter.
This section provides the steps to connect the Sensor's Gigabit Ethernet ports so they fail-close.
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Attaching Cables to the Sensor
Connect the cables for tap mode
4
Task
1
Plug the cable appropriate for use with your Gigabit Ethernet into one of the Monitoring ports, for
example 1A.
2
Plug another cable into the peer of the port used in Step 1.
3
Connect the other end of each cable to the network devices that you want to monitor.
For example, if you plan to monitor traffic between a switch and a router, connect the cable
connected to 1A to the switch and the one connected to 1B to the router.
Connect the cables for tap mode
To deploy the Sensor in tap mode, you must use a Sensor's Gigabit Ethernet Monitoring port pair with
a third-party external tap.
For a list of McAfee-approved third party vendors, see the KnowledgeBase at http://
mysupport.mcafee.com/Eservice/. Click the link Search the KnowledgeBase and locate the relevant
KnowledgeBase article.
Task
1
Plug the cable appropriate for use with your Gigabit Ethernet into one of the Monitoring ports, for
example, 1A.
2
Plug another cable into the peer of the port used in Step 1.
3
Connect the other end of each cable to the tap.
4
Connect the network devices that you want to monitor to the tap.
Connect the cables for SPAN or hub mode
For the Sensor, monitoring in SPAN or hub mode occurs in in-line fail-open mode. When you monitor in
SPAN or hub mode, you use only single ports.
To connect an Sensor to a SPAN port or hub, plug an LC fiber-optic or 45 cable into one of the modules
and connect the other end of the cable to the SPAN port or the hub.
Cable the fail-over interconnection ports
Fail-over requires connecting two identical M-3050/M-4050 Sensors running on the same software
version using an interconnection cable or cables. Gigabit ports 2A is the interconnection port on the
M-3050/M-4050. A failover cable is the only additional hardware required to support fail-over
communication between two M-3050/M-4050 Sensors.
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4
Attaching Cables to the Sensor
How does the fail-open function work
Task
1
Plug the cable appropriate for use with your XFP module into port 2A of the active Sensor.
2
Connect the other end of the cable to port 2A of the standby Sensor.
Figure 4-2 Sensors connected for failover
How does the fail-open function work
The standard Gigabit Fail-Open Kit and the 10 Gigabit Fail-Open Kit minimize the potential risks of
in-line Sensor failure on critical network links. You need to purchase these kits separately. Both copper
and optical versions of the kit are available for the one gigabit ports. A 10 Gigabit Optical Kit is
available for the 10 gigabit ports.
The Monitoring ports of the Sensors fail-close; thus, if the Sensor is deployed in-line, a hardware
failure results in network downtime. For the Monitoring ports to fail-open, you use the optional
external bypass switch provided in a Fail-Open Kit.
With the bypass switch in place, normal Sensor operation supplies power to the switch through a
control cable. While the Sensor is operating, the switch is "on" and routes all traffic directly through
the Sensor. When the Sensor fails, the switch automatically shifts to a bypass state; in-line traffic
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Attaching Cables to the Sensor
How does the fail-open function work
4
continues to flow through the network link but is no longer routed through the Sensor. Once the
Sensor resumes normal operation, the switch returns to the "on" state, once again enabling in-line
monitoring.
Sensor outage breaks the link connecting the devices on either side of the Sensor for a brief moment
and requires the renegotiation of the network link between the two peer devices connected to the
Sensor. Depending on the network equipment, this disruption introduced by the renegotiation of the link
layer between the two peer devices might range from a couple of seconds to more than a minute with
certain vendors' devices.
A very brief link disruption might also occur while the links between the Sensor and each of the peer
devices are renegotiated to place the Sensor back in in-line mode. This outage, again, varies depending
on the device, and can range from a few seconds to more than a minute.
You can find the installation and troubleshooting instructions for the kit in the guide that accompanies
the kit. For example, for more information on the Optical kit, see the standard Gigabit Optical
Fail-Open Bypass Kit Guide.
See also
Ports on page 10
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Attaching Cables to the Sensor
How does the fail-open function work
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5
Troubleshooting the Sensor
This section lists some common installation problems, the possible causes, and the corresponding
solutions.
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
LED is off.
The control cable has been
disconnected.
Check the control cable and ensure it is
properly connected to both the Sensor and
the bypass switch.
LED is off.
The Sensor is powered off.
Restore Sensor power.
LED is off.
The Sensor port cable is
disconnected.
Check the Sensor cable connections.
Sensor is operational
but is not monitoring
traffic.
Network device cables have Check the cables and make sure they are
been disconnected.
properly connected to both the network
devices and the bypass switch.
Sensor is operational
but is not monitoring
traffic.
The Sensor ports have not
been enabled in the
Manager.
The Sensor will not monitor traffic on the
ports unless the ports are enabled in the
Manager. Ports are disabled in case of Sensor
failure; you must re-enable them for Sensor
monitoring to resume.
Network or link
problems.
Improper cabling or port
configuration.
Make sure that the transmitting and receiving
cables are properly connected to the Bypass
Switch.
Runts or giants errors
on switch and routers.
Improper cabling or port
configuration.
Make sure that the transmitting and receiving
cables are properly connected to the bypass
switch.
The system fault "Switch The control cable has been
absent" appears in the
disconnected.
Manager Status page.
McAfee® Network Security Platform
Check the control cable and make sure it is
properly connected to both the Sensor and
the bypass switch.
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5
Troubleshooting the Sensor
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Sensor technical specifications
The following table lists the specifications of the Sensor:
Sensor Specifics
Description
Dimensions
Without mounting ears/rails/cable management:
• width: 16.75 in. (41.91 cm)
• height: 3.5 in. (8.89 cm)
• depth: 30.00 in. (76.20 cm)
Dimensions do not include cables or power cords.
Weight
47 lbs (21.31 kg)
Voltage Range
100-240VAC
Frequency
50/60Hz
Vibration, operating
Sinusoidal: 3 to 500 Hz @ 0.15 gpk
Random: 2.5 to 200 Hz @ 0.33 g
Vibration, non-operating
Sinusoidal: 10 to 500 Hz @ 0.8 gpk
Random: 2.5 to 200 Hz @ 1.05 g
Power requirements
450W
Temperature
Ambient Temperature Range
(Non-condensing)
Operating
0C(32F) to 35C(95F)
Non-operating
-40C(-40F) to 70C(158F)
Relative Humidity (Non-condensing)
Operating
5%-90% non-condensing
Non-operating
5% to 95% non-condensing
Sensor Specifics
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6
Sensor technical specifications
Sensor Specifics
Description
System Heat Dissipation
AC (max): 535W, 1825 BTU/hr
DC (max): To Be determined
38
Airflow
200 lfm (1 m/s)
Altitude
Sealevel to 10,000 ft (3050m)
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M-3050/M-4050 Sensor Product Guide
A
Regulatory, compliance, and safety
information
The Sensor meets the following standards:
Sensor regulatory, safety, and compliance
Regulatory:
Products with the CE Marking are compliant with the 89/336/EEC and
73/23/EEC directives, which include the safety and EMC standards listed.
Safety certification:
EN 55024: 1998 + A1:2001 + A2: 2003 - Immunity:
• EN-61000-4-2: ESD Immunity
• EN-61000-4-3: Radiated Immunity
• EN-61000-4-4 EFT/B Immunity
• EN-61000-4-5: Surge Protection
• EN-61000-4-6: Conducted Immunity
EN-61000-4-11: Voltage Interruption/Dips (N/A for DC)
CISPR/KN22 :
• KN-61000-4-2: ESD Immunity
• KN-61000-4-3: Radiated Immunity
• KN-61000-4-4 EFT/B Immunity
• KN-61000-4-5: Surge Protection
• KN-61000-4-6: Conducted Immunity
• KN-61000-4-11: Voltage Interruption/Dips (N/A for DC)
Electromagnetic
compliance
(emissions):
FCC Part 15 Class A/Industry Canada ICES-003 Issue 4, February 7, 2004 Class
A
VCCI V-1/93.11, V-2/97.04, V-4/97 Class A
AS/NZS CISPR22: 2004 Class A
CNS 13438: May 1997
SS IEC CISPR22: 1993, Singapore IDA Class A
EN 55024: 1998 + A1:2001 + A2: 2003 - Emissions:
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A
Regulatory, compliance, and safety information
Sensor regulatory, safety, and compliance
• Radiated Emissions
• Conducted Emissions
• EN 61000-3-2: 2000 Harmonic Current Emissions
• EN 61000-3-3: 1995 + A1: 2001 Voltage Fluctuation/Flicker
CISPR/KN22:
• Radiated Emissions
• Conducted Emissions
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Index
A
about this guide 5
Auxiliary port 28
C
Cable types for switches 30
Cabling for In-line mode 30
Cabling for SPAN 15, 31, 32
Cabling for TAP mode 31
Cabling the Console port 27
Cabling the Fail-open port 29, 30
chasis 25
conventions and icons used in this guide 5
D
documentation
audience for this guide 5
product-specific, finding 6
typographical conventions and icons 5
F
McAfee ServicePortal, accessing 6
module 24, 25
P
peer 29, 31
Pluggable 23
ports 10
power supply 21
R
rack 16, 19, 20
Response port 28
S
Safety 39
sensor responsibilities 8
ServicePortal, finding product documentation 6
setting up 19, 27
SFP 23
SFP module 25
specifications 37
front panel 11, 17
T
H
Technical Support, finding product information 6
Troubleshooting 7, 8, 15, 19, 35
hot swappable power supply 22
X
M
Management port 29
McAfee® Network Security Platform
XFP module 9, 10, 24
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700-3589B00