Mandalay 38A 2004 Owner`s manual

TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIMITED WARRANTY
1-1
WHAT IS COVERED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO GET SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WHAT IS NOT COVERED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMER OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES
LEGAL REMEDIES AND ARBITRATION . . . . . . . . . . . .
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CUSTOMER CARE ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE PLAN
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-4
EMERGENCY ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24-HOUR TOLL FREE EMERGENCY MESSAGE SERVICE. . . . . . . .
FREE CUSTOMER TRIP ROUTING AND FULL COLOR MAP SERVICE .
TOLL FREE NATIONWIDE SERVICE APPOINTMENT SERVICE . . . . .
SERVICE ASSISTANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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1-4
1-4
1-4
1-5
1-5
SERVICE NUMBERS FOR OWNER'S REFERENCE
1-6
OWNER'S PERSONAL PROPERTY RECORD
1-7
OWNER'S INSURANCE INFORMATION
1-8
INTRODUCTION
2-1
TRAVEL PREPARATION
3-1
CHASSIS CHECKS . .
RV SYSTEM CHECK .
TANK CAPACITIES . .
FIRST SHORT TRIPS.
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3-1
3-2
3-2
3-3
CARE & MAINTENANCE
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FIBERGLASS SIDEWALLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SEALS & ADHESIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EXTRUSIONS & ALUMINUM SURFACES . . . . . .
WINDOWS & DOORS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRAME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TIRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ROOF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TV ANTENNA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EXTERIOR LIGHTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
APPLIANCES, SINKS & COUNTERTOPS . . . . . .
PRE-FINISHED PANELS AND WOOD SURFACES .
WATER SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ROOF VENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ABS PLASTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WINTER PRECAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STORAGE PREPARATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
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4-1
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-3
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-4
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-7
4-8
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE CHART
4-9
IDENTIFICATION & SAFETY
5-1
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE SERIAL NUMBER DECALS & DATA PLATES . . . . . . . .
MANUFACTURER'S WARRANTIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAFETY REGULATIONS FOR LP GAS SYSTEMS & APPLIANCES. . . . . . . . . . . .
FIRE SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FIRE EXTINGUISHER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTOR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CARBON MONOXIDE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SMOKE DETECTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SEAT BELTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EGRESS EXIT WINDOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
5-1
5-2
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-7
5-8
5-9
AUTOMOTIVE OPERATIONS & PROCEDURES
6-1
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
NEW VEHICLE BREAK IN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
BRAKES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
WHEEL & TIRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
DAMAGED OR FLAT TIRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
WHEEL NUT TORQUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
WHEEL & TIRE BALANCING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
FRONT SUSPENSION & ALIGNMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
POWER PLANT & DRIVE TRAIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
PROPER LOADING & WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
WEIGHT INFORMATION LABEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
COMPUTING YOUR LOAD & LOAD DISTRIBUTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
DRIVING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
HILLS, DALES & MAKING THE GRADE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
TRAILER TOWING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
TOWING PROCEDURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
EMERGENCY STOPPING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
FUELING YOUR MOTORHOME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
CHASSIS FUNCTIONS
DASH CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DASH HEATER/AIR CONDITIONER . . . . . . . . .
FAN SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ACCESSORY SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EMERGENCY START . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HEADLIGHT SWITCHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WIPERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GENERATOR REMOTE SWITCH & HOUR METER .
CIGARETTE LIGHTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HEATED MIRROR SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POWER MIRROR ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
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7-1
7-2
7-4
7-4
7-4
7-4
7-4
7-5
7-5
7-5
7-5
EXTERIOR OPERATIONS
ENTRY DOOR . . . . . . . . . .
POWER STEP . . . . . . . . . .
STORAGE. . . . . . . . . . . . .
LADDER & ROOFTOP STORAGE
AWNINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GENERATOR SLIDE . . . . . . .
GENERATOR SAFETY . . . . . .
RALLY KIT COMPARTMENT . . .
8-1
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WATER AND DRAINAGE
9-1
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRESH WATER SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EXTERNAL HOOKUP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRESH WATER TANK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WATER PUMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SANITIZING THE FRESH WATER SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MONITOR PANEL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COMMON FIELD PROBLEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WASTE WATER SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOLDING TANKS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FAUCETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TOILET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WATER SYSTEM WINTERIZATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WATER SYSTEM, MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CONNECTING TO AN OUTSIDE POWER SOURCE .
CIRCUIT BREAKERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER . . . . .
POWER INVERTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BATTERY ISOLATOR CONTROLLER . . . . . . . .
BATTERY DISCONNECT SWITCHES . . . . . . . .
BATTERY CHARGING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BATTERY MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BATTERY SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12 VOLT FUSES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AUTOMOTIVE 12 VOLT SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . .
8-1
8-2
8-2
8-3
8-3
8-3
8-4
8-5
9-1
9-1
9-1
9-1
9-2
9-2
9-3
9-4
9-4
9-5
9-6
9-7
9-7
9-8
10-1
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10-1
10-1
10-2
10-2
10-3
10-3
10-4
10-4
10-5
10-6
10-6
10-7
LP GAS SYSTEM
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . .
FILLING THE LP GAS TANK . . . . . . . . . . .
LP GAS REGULATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REGULATOR FREEZE-UP . . . . . . . . . . . .
OTHER COLD WEATHER FACTORS. . . . . . .
HOSES, PIPES, TUBES AND FITTINGS . . . . .
CHECKING THE LP GAS SYSTEM FOR LEAKS .
ABOUT YOUR LP GAS DETECTOR . . . . . . .
LP GAS SAFETY PRECAUTIONS. . . . . . . . .
11-1
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INTERIOR CONTROLS & OPERATIONS
REAR VISION TV MONITOR SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . .
LIVING QUARTERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CONDENSATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OVERHEAD VENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HYDRAULIC POWER LEVELERS. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SLIDE-OUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ROOM EXTENSION PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ROOM RETRACTION PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . .
MANUAL ROOM RETRACTION PROCEDURE . . . . . . .
WINDOWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DOORS, DRAWERS, AND STORAGE COMPARTMENTS .
SEATING, TABLES AND ADDITIONAL BEDS . . . . . . .
11-1
11-2
11-3
11-4
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11-5
11-6
11-6
11-8
12-1
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12-1
12-1
12-2
12-2
12-3
12-4
12-4
12-5
12-6
12-6
12-7
12-8
MANDALAY LIMITED WARRANTY
WHAT IS COVERED
Mandalay
The Mandalay, by Four Winds International Corporation (hereafter “Mandalay”), warranty covers this
recreational vehicle (hereafter “RV”), when used only for recreational travel and camping, for three (3) years,
or the first thirty six thousand (36,000) miles of use. In addition, this limited warranty covers the steel or
aluminum frame structure of the floor, sidewalls, roof and rear and front walls for five (5) years or the first sixty
thousand (60,000) miles of use. The warranty period begins on the date that the RV is delivered to the first
retail purchaser by an independent, authorized dealer of Mandalay. In the event that a substantial defect in
material or workmanship, attributable to Mandalay, is found to exist during the warranty period, Mandalay will
repair or replace the defective material or workmanship, at its option, at no charge to the RV owner, in
accordance with the terms, conditions and limitations of this limited warranty.
This limited warranty applies to all owners, including subsequent owners, of the RV. However, all rights and
limitations within this warranty are applicable to all owners, including subsequent owners of the RV, and all
subsequent owners must complete the Warranty Transfer Form contained in the Owner’s Manual and send it
to Mandalay. Any subsequent owner’s warranty coverage period is the remaining balance of the warranty
coverage period that the prior owner was entitled to under this limited warranty.
Mandalay’s obligation to repair or replace defective materials or workmanship is the sole obligation of
Mandalay under this limited warranty. Mandalay reserves the right to use new or remanufactured parts of
similar quality to complete any work. Mandalay makes no warranty as to the future performance of this RV,
and this limited warranty is not intended to extend to the future performance of this RV, or any of its materials,
components or parts. In addition, the RV owner’s obligation to notify Mandalay, or one of its authorized,
independent dealers, of a claimed defect does not modify any obligation placed on the RV owner to contact
Mandalay directly when attempting to pursue remedies under state or federal law.
HOW TO GET SERVICE
To obtain warranty service the owner must do all of the following:
1)
Complete and return the Owner Registration Card within ten (10) days of purchase;
2)
Notify Mandalay, or one of its authorized, independent dealers, in writing, of any claimed defect within
the warranty coverage period;
3)
Provide the notification mentioned in (2), above, within ten (10) days of discovery of the defect; and
4)
Promptly return the RV to an authorized dealer for repairs.
For warranty service; contact one of Mandalay’s independent, authorized service centers for an appointment
and then deliver your RV to the service center on the specified appointment date. If you need assistance
contact Mandalay at (866) 919-4444. The mailing address is: PO Box 1486, Elkhart, Indiana 46515.
Mandalay
1-1
If two (2) or more service attempts have been made to correct any covered defect that you believe impairs the
value, use or safety of the RV, you must, to the extent permitted by law, notify Mandalay directly, in writing, of
the unsuccessful repair of the alleged defect so that Mandalay can become directly involved in making sure
that you are provided service pursuant to the terms of this limited warranty.
Because Mandalay does not control the scheduling of service work at any service center you may encounter
delays in scheduling and/or the completion of work. All costs associated with transporting the RV for any
warranty service shall be the sole responsibility of the RV owner.
WHAT IS NOT COVERED
This limited warranty does not cover any material, component or part of the RV that is warranted by another
entity, including, by way of example, the automotive chassis and power train, including the engine, drive train,
steering, handling, braking, wheel balance, muffler, tires, tubes, batteries and gauges, generator, hydraulic
jacks, inverter, range, carbon monoxide detector, furnace and roof air conditioner.
Minor adjustments such as adjustments to the interior or exterior doors, drawers, latches, etc. will be
performed by the dealer during the first 90 days of warranty coverage. Thereafter, such adjustments are the
owners’ responsibility as normal maintenance.
In addition, By way of example, only, this Limited Warranty does not cover any of the following: items that are
added or changed after the motorhome leaves Mandalay; any RV used for rental or other commercial
purposes, normal wear, tear or usage, such as fading or discoloration of fabrics or the effects of condensation
inside the RV; items that are working as designed but that you are unhappy with because of the design;
problems related to misuse, including failure to maintain RV in accordance with the owner’s manual, or other
routine maintenance; damage due to accident, whether or not foreseeable, including any acts of weather or
damage or anything due to the environment, rust, theft, vandalism, fire, or other intervening acts not
attributable to Mandalay; damage resulting from tire wear or tire failure; defacing, scratches, dents, chips on
any surface or fabric of the RV; damage caused by off road use, overloading the RV or alteration of the RV, or
any of its components or parts.
1-2
Mandalay
LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMER OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES
The following limitations and disclaimers apply to the original purchaser of the RV, any person to whom the RV
is transferred and any person who is an intended or unintended user or beneficiary of the RV.
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY ARISING BY WAY OF STATE OR FEDERAL LAW, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS, ARE LIMITED IN
DURATION TO THE LENGTH OF THIS LIMITED WARRANTY AND ARE LIMITED IN SCOPE OF
COVERAGE TO THOSE PORTIONS OF THE MOTORHOME COVERED BY THIS LIMITED WARRANTY.
PERFORMANCE OF REPAIRS OR NEEDED ADJUSTMENTS IS THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY UNDER
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY. Mandalay makes no warranty of any nature
beyond that contained in this limited warranty. No one has the authority to enlarge, amend or modify this
limited warranty. The dealer is not Mandalay’s agent, but is an independent entity.
In addition, MANDALAY SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES THAT MAY RESULT FROM BREACH OF THIS LIMITED WARRANTY OR ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTY. THIS EXCLUSION OF CONSEQUENTIAL AND INCIDENTAL DAMAGES SHALL BE
INDEPENDENT OF ANY FAILURE OF THE ESSENTIAL PURPOSE OF ANY LIMITED WARRANTY, AND
THIS EXCLUSION SHALL SURVIVE ANY DETERMINATION THAT THIS LIMITED WARRANTY OR ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTY HAS FAILED OF ITS ESSENTIAL PURPOSE.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion or limitations of
incidental or consequential damages. Therefore, the above limitations may not apply to you.
LEGAL REMEDIES/ARBITRATION
In consideration for Mandalay providing this limited warranty you agree that, in the event that you become
dissatisfied with the RV, Mandalay or the selling dealership, for any reason, and are unable to resolve your
complaint(s) with Mandalay, then you agree to submit your dispute to binding arbitration. See the Alternative
Dispute Resolution Agreement for details.
Any action to enforce any portion of this express, limited warranty, or any implied warranty, shall be
commenced within one (1) year after expiration of the warranty coverage period designated above. Any
performance of repairs shall not suspend this one-year limitation period from expiring. Any performance of
repairs after the warranty coverage period has expired, or performance of repairs regarding any thing
excluded from coverage under this limited warranty shall be considered “good will” repairs, and they will not
alter the express terms of this limited warranty, or extend the warranty coverage period or this limitation period.
In addition, this warranty is not intended to extend to future performance, and nothing in this warranty, or any
action of Mandalay, shall be interpreted as an extension of the warranty or this limitation period.
THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS. YOU MAY HAVE OTHER RIGHTS THAT VARY
FROM STATE TO STATE.
Four Winds International Corporation · PO Box 1486 Elkhart, IN 46515
Phone: (866) 919-4444
Mandalay
Fax: (574) 522-4276
Website: www.mandalaycoach.com
1-3
Customer Care Roadside Assistance Plan
A special peace-of-mind roadside assistance plan is provided free of charge by Mandalay for the first year of
ownership. (Rental and lease back vehicles are excluded from this program.)
Some companies will tell you customer satisfaction is a nine to five job…
We know better!
When you take delivery of your new Mandalay RV it’s just the beginning of our exclusive around the clock
Customer Care Roadside Assistance Program.
Our extensive support program provides complete and fully paid roadside assistance, emergency road
service (just show your card and go) and special support benefits that follow you wherever your travels take
you.
Mandalay has teamed up with Coach Net, the largest RV emergency roadside service provider in the country,
to give you immediate access to fast, dependable service when and where you need it. To request service
contact Coach Net at: 800-232-4308.
Our exclusive 24-hour Customer Care Assistance Benefits include:
- EMERGENCY ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
Simply show your Thor Industries Customer Care Card for payment of covered benefits with no out-of-pocket
expense throughout the U.S. and Canada. (Includes one additional family car!)
- 24-HOUR TOLL FREE EMERGENCY MESSAGE SERVICE
In the event of an emergency, stay in touch with family and friends with no cost emergency message service.
Getting in an accident while traveling in your RV means you’re stuck. We take care of you by paying for a car
rental, meals and lodging. Even helping with a plane ticket home!
- FREE CUSTOM TRIP ROUTING AND FULL COLOR MAP SERVICE
Make your next trip more enjoyable through our partnership with Rand McNally,
the first name in “Getting you there.”
1-4
Mandalay
-TOLL FREE NATIONWIDE SERVICE APPOINTMENT ASSISTANCE
A “no-hassle” way of arranging a service appointment when and where you travel. We make an appointment
for you; give you directions and the time that fits your schedule best. Want an appointment in a town you’ll be
visiting next week? We’re just a phone call away!
- SERVICE ASSISTANCE
Over 6,800 qualified service agencies throughout North America. A simple phone call gives you expert
direction on where the closest qualified service agency is located.
- FREE DISPATCH OF ON-SITE MECHANICAL SERVICE IN THE EVENT OF A BREAKDOWN
- FREE JUMP STARTS
- FREE TIRE CHANGES
- FREE FUEL DELIVERY
- FREE LOCK OUT SERVICE
For further details and instructions on how to access your Customer
Care benefits, please refer to your Comprehensive Member Benefit
Guide which you will receive in the mail within 30 days from the date
your registration card is received by Mandalay
Or call 888- 890-1738
You may continue your Thor Industries Customer Care benefits in
following years at a special discount rate, as a continued benefit of
the Thor Customer Satisfaction Program.
The Customer Care Roadside Assistance Program is not
available on rental vehicles or lease back vehicles.
Mandalay
1-5
SERIAL NUMBERS FOR OWNERS REFERENCE
Motorhome Serial Number
Motorhome Federal Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Door Key Number
Range Model & Serial Number
Microwave Model & Serial Number
Refrigerator Model & Serial Number
Generator Model & Serial Number
Roof Air Conditioner(s) Model & Serial Number
Inverter Model & Serial Number
Misc.
Misc.
Misc.
Misc.
Misc.
Mandalay recommends the customer records the information for future reference. Some of the information
may be found included with Vendor information supplied at time of sale.
1-6
Mandalay
OWNER’S PERSONAL PROPERTY RECORD
ITEM
Mandalay
SERIAL NUMBER
VALUE
1-7
OWNER’S INSURANCE INFORMATION
COMPANY:
POLICY #:
AGENT’S NAME & ADDRESS:
BUSINESS PHONE #:
EMERGENCY PHONE #:
RENEWAL DATE(S):
NOTES:
1-8
Mandalay
INTRODUCTION
Mandalay
It’s exciting taking ownership of a new purchase as substantial and full of nearly unlimited possibilities for the
future as a motorhome.
Thank you for choosing a Mandalay product.
We take your choice seriously. That’s why we’ve engineered this vehicle to meet and, in many cases, exceed
federal and state regulations and requirements for vehicles of this type. Our primary concern has been to
provide our customers with a beautiful recreational vehicle that is not only dependable and cost effective, but
also safe.
To keep this vehicle at peak performance and to obtain the maximum pleasure from its use over an extended
period, the owner must take a personal interest in its care and operation. Therefore, before operating it, we
suggest that you review the entire contents of this manual. The material within has been prepared in sufficient
detail to be of considerable help when you are getting to know your new recreational vehicle.
That is the purpose of this Owners Manual. It outlines the operation of the unit’s various systems and offers
many helpful hints that will enable you to obtain the most pleasure from this recreational vehicle.
Review both this manual and the chassis manufacturer’s owner’s manual with your dealer. Be sure to ask
them any questions you have at that time. Also make sure to read all warranty and registration information
carefully. Read all component manufacturers’ owner’s manuals, and validate any individual warranties by
completing and mailing individual warranty cards as required.
Refer to the chassis owner’s manual supplied by the chassis manufacture for complete information on the care
and maintenance of the chassis.
COMPLETE THE WARRANTY REGISTRATION CARD IN THIS MANUAL AND RETURN TO US WITHIN 10
DAYS FROM THE DATE OF PURCHASE.
Always keep this owners manual with the recreational vehicle for easy reference, making sure to observe all
notes and warnings associated with the use of this recreational vehicle. A careful owner is the best insurance
against an accident.
THIS OWNERS MANUAL IS AS CURRENT AS POSSIBLE AT THE TIME YOUR RECREATIONAL
VEHICLE WAS PRODUCED. HOWEVER, SINCE OUR PRODUCTS ARE CONSISTENTLY BEING
UPGRADED AND IMPROVED; SOME DIFFERENCES MAY OCCUR BETWEEN THE DESCRIPTION IN
THIS MANUAL AND THE PRODUCT IN THE RECREATIONAL VEHICLE. IF THIS OCCURS FOLLOW
THE COMPONENT MANUFACTURE’S INSTRUCTIONS PROVIDED IN THEIR LITERATURE.
Mandalay
2-1
SOME OF THE PRODUCTS SHOWN IN THIS MANUAL MAY BE OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT NOT
INCLUDED OR AVAILABLE WITH YOUR RV. ANY SPECIAL EQUIPMENT, MODIFICATIONS, OR
ADDITIONS MADE BY OR AT THE REQUEST OF THE CUSTOMER, OR ANY SUBSEQUENT OWNER,
WHETHER MADE AT THE FACTORY OR IN THE FIELD, ARE NOT COVERED IN THIS MANUAL. WE
RESERVE THE RIGHT TO CHANGE THE CONSTRUCTION OR MATERIAL OF ANY PARTS AT ANY
TIME WITHOUT INCURRING THE OBLIGATION TO INSTALL SUCH CHANGES ON DELIVERED UNITS.
Your RV has had a thorough inspection before it was shipped to your dealer. However, to insure your complete
satisfaction, the dealer must perform an inspection of various components and operations based on a
pre-delivery inspection list provided. You should take the opportunity to cover the operation of all components
of your RV with your dealer. This will help make you familiar with the RV and its operation, while at the same
time providing you with the assurance of everything being in proper working order. A road test by the dealer
should be included as part of the pre-delivery inspection. The dealer can then check for and correct any
steering problems before you take delivery of the RV. After this road test has been completed, front end
alignment and/or vibrations will not be covered as part of the new vehicle warranty.
This RV has been designed for short term and recreational use. It was not designed to be used as a permanent
dwelling or as a rental vehicle. If you intend to use your RV as a permanent dwelling or rental vehicle, it could
cause the carpet, drapes, upholstery, and interior surfaces to deteriorate prematurely. This premature wear
caused by long term or permanent residency may, under the terms of the new vehicle warranty, be considered
abnormal and abusive and COULD REDUCE YOUR WARRANTY COVERAGE.
Should a problem develop for which you need assistance, contact your dealer. If the problem is automotive,
the motorhome should be taken either to a chassis manufacturer service center or dealer. If the problem is with
an appliance, check the appliance manufacture’s information supplied with the RV for information regarding
warranty work and/or location of appliance service centers.
If, when traveling, you experience a breakdown or problem while your RV is under warranty, and an authorized
service center or dealer is not available, if possible, contact the dealer you purchased your RV from, or a
Mandalay Technical Service Advisor at (866) 919-4444 before having any service work performed. By
notifying them, you will know what is covered under the terms of your warranty, as well as making them aware
of your problem. Any parts that require replacement, that are covered under the terms of the warranty
should be retained and returned to your dealer along with your invoice. This way, they are able to check
what has occurred, and also make sure you are properly reimbursed.
Repairs made without prior authorization may be subject to denial or partial reimbursement. Modifications
made to the vehicle without proper authorization can result in reduction or loss of warranty coverage. Please
make sure to contact your dealer before making such changes.
2-2
Mandalay
Mandalay
TRAVEL PREPARATION
Like any vacation trip, pre-planning will pay big dividends. A checklist is often helpful.
In addition to routine trip preparations such as having newspaper delivery stopped and mail held at the post
office, there are now more vehicle-related preparations than there were with the old family car.
CHASSIS CHECKS
As with any vehicle, the RVer needs to check the automotive systems prior to a trip. They include:
Under Hood:
• Fluid levels (oil, power steering, radiator, transmission, windshield washer, etc.)
• Belts (tension and condition)
• Battery (electrolyte level if applicable, connections, charge)
• Hoses (clamps tight, condition, leakage)
• Seals, gaskets (leaks)
Exterior:
• Tire pressure/condition and lug nut torque
• Headlights, running and safety marker lights including brake and turn signal and also any trailer light
connections
• Security of any auxiliary equipment such as TV and CB antennae, awning, etc.
• Windshield wiper blades
• Generator compartment
• Fresh and waste water connections/drains and supplies such as high pressure hose
• Liquid Petroleum Gas compartment/tank
Under Vehicle:
• Drive train condition, specifically leaks (U-joints, differential, transmission)
• Brakes, including lines, pads/shoes, seals
• Engine area for pan gasket or other leaks
• Anything unusual hanging or tangled with road debris such as tree limbs
• Tank condition (gas, fresh water, waste water)
Inside Driver’s Compartment:
• Check operation of all systems, including: Wipers, windshield, horn, brakes, steering, transmission,
heater, defroster, air conditioner, and seat adjustment.
Also idle engine long enough to check cooling system and alternator operation. Be sure to turn on headlights
and climate controls to see if alternator handles the additional drain on the electrical system (should not show
discharge).
Mandalay
3-1
RV System Check:
As an RVer you now have the added responsibility to prepare the living quarters for a trip.
Preparations include:
• Filling fresh water tank. In winter make sure that system is freeze protected.
• Check list of food, utensils and clothing needs.
• Check storage of all items, making sure that everything is secured and that heavy items are stored low
so they don’t fall.
• Check operation of stove and refrigerator.
• Check paperwork such as owners registration card, vehicle registration, proof of insurance, driver’s
license and names/phone numbers of individuals you are to contact during the trip, such as ranger
stations.
!
WARNING: Pay careful attention to where and what type of flammable materials you store.
Certain storage areas are clearly labeled DO NOT STORE COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS.
Examples of spark producing areas, depending on RV model, are: base kitchen cabinets,
front dinette base, exterior refrigerator service compartment, as well as refrigerator
cabinet. Please use your discretion as to what potentially dangerous products your RV
contains while traveling. Be sure all canisters and bottle tops are secure and leak free.
Tank Capacities - Chart *
Models
38A
38B
40B
40C
Hot Water
10 gal
10 gal
10 gal
10 gal
Fresh Water
110 gal
110 gal
110 gal
110 gal
Black Tank
55 gal
55 gal
55 gal
55 gal
Grey Tank
66 gal
66 gal
66 gal
66 gal
Fuel Tank
100 gal
100 gal
100 gal
100 gal
LP Tank
121.5 lb
121.5 lb
121.5 lb
121.5 lb
* Capacities are approximate and specifications are subject to change without notice.
3-2
Mandalay
FIRST SHORT TRIPS
After becoming familiar with the vehicle’s systems and going through test runs on items such as Liquid
Petroleum Gas (LPG), it is time to take one or two short test trips, including spending the night at a
campground not too distant from your home….. you might want to go back and get something you forgot or
didn’t know you needed.
These short trips could be considered “shake down cruises” or “familiarization flights”. The experience gained
on these short trips will be worth the time and money to you… Time and money spent either needlessly, taking
something that takes up space or the time and money spent trying to obtain an item you hadn’t counted on
needing prior to leaving home base on an extended trip miles from home and in unfamiliar surroundings.
It is understandably upsetting having to purchase a needed item on the road knowing that one is sitting at
home unused.
Not all RVers need the same equipment or supplies. For one thing, North America presents a wide variety of
climates and terrain. For another, personal needs and taste come into play.
Our suggestion is to take a weekend trip to a camp location that is close to home. Be sure to have a note pad
and pen available to write down items you feel will be needed in the future as well as equipment that you may
need to learn more about.
Also, if most of your trips will be made in the summer and your shake down trip is made during some other
season, there will be some adjustments to take into consideration. Talk to other RVers and learn from their
experiences.
If you are an experienced RVer it is still necessary to thoroughly read this manual. New and improved
equipment is coming onto the market every day and, at the same time, not every motorhome manufacturer
builds vehicles the same way.
This manual is packed with detail, however, after you have worked with the various systems during a couple of
shake down trips, you will be capable of conducting a pre-trip check in less time than it takes to read this
manual.
When preparing for your trip always consider vehicle weight when loading the RV.
Because of different RV models Mandalay manufactures and the numbers of options available, your RV may
not include all of the systems in this manual.
Mandalay
3-3
3-4
Mandalay
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
Mandalay
GENERAL INFORMATION
Periodic maintenance and cleaning of your recreational vehicle is necessary to retain the dependability,
safety, and appearance that will provide you with many miles of trouble free operation, as well as protecting
your investment.
Make sure to read and follow all the maintenance tips and schedules that appear in this manual. Keep good
records of maintenance functions performed, and make sure to perform all owner obligations as may be
required by the chassis manufacturer to keep your warranty in force.
It is also important to note that operating conditions will affect service timetables. Driving in extreme conditions
such as heavy dust, continuous short trips, or start and stop heavy traffic means that service durations will be
shortened. Discuss service timetables with both your dealer and chassis service representative. Preventative
maintenance will pay for itself many times over by catching or preventing problems before they occur. Many
repair costs are greatly increased due to the fact a small problem can begin to affect other parts and systems
of the motorhome if left unattended.
If a situation arises involving maintenance or cleaning activity for which you are not sure of the proper
procedure, do not hesitate to contact your dealer, or chassis service representative for information.
FIBERGLASS SIDEWALLS
The exterior painted finish on the motorhome is of the finest quality. Proper maintenance will assure a long
lasting durable finish.
NOTE: DO NOT Wax or polish the exterior for the first 60 days.
NOTE: DO NOT use rubbing compound or other abrasive cleaners on the motorhome exterior. If using a tar
and/or insect remover, insure it is safe for painted surfaces and decals.
Precautionary Measures:
Parking
• Avoid parking under trees or near ocean salt spray.
• Ice or snow should not be scraped from the painted surface: Brush off.
• If the motorhome sets more than 24 hours, remove any front protective covering (bra) while not being
driven.
Washing
• Commercial washes should be avoided.
• Wash with cold water using a mild liquid soap.
• Dry wiping with a dry cloth is not recommended.
Mandalay
4-1
Driving
• Avoid gravel roads.
• Anti-freeze, gasoline, or window solvent spilled on painted surfaces should be rinsed off with water
immediately.
• Rinse off bugs and bird droppings daily with water.
Any exterior finish will deteriorate with time. Dulling and fading can be increased by prolonged exposure to
extreme sunlight, air pollutants, and excessive moisture. Surface weathering of fiberglass will not diminish
structural integrity. Regular monthly washing and waxing of exterior surfaces is the best insurance against
surface deterioration such as fading, yellowing, or chalking. Take care to avoid spraying water directly into
refrigerator and furnace vents when washing the motorhome.
If surface deterioration is apparent, contact a Mandalay dealer for assistance with finish restoration. Physical
damage to the fiberglass, such as cracks, holes, and chips, must be attended to immediately to avoid moisture
from entering and causing problems with interior walls and components. Cover these areas with plastic,
sealing the edges with tape until proper repairs can be made.
SEALS AND ADHESIVES
It is important to maintain the seals and adhesives of your RV to prevent moisture from entering and destroying
your RV components. When washing your RV, inspect the seals for signs of drying out and wear. Be aware
that weather, sun, and road vibration will have an effect on seals, causing them to dry, crack, or separate. If
you are unsure what to look for, have your dealer instruct you, and also show you the correct method for
renewing the seals. All exterior seals should be checked and resealed as needed at least every 6 months. This
also includes your roof components as well. Check with your dealer for the type of caulking required, different
areas require different types of seals. It is especially important to check the seals before and after periods of
extended storage or non-use. Fall and spring inspections are recommended.
NOTE: If your roof should somehow be punctured, cover the puncture to seal out moisture, and have it
repaired as soon as possible.
4-2
Mandalay
EXTRUSIONS AND ALUMINUM SURFACES
Clean and wax all extrusions when waxing the RV sidewalls, to help avoid surface pitting. Special aluminum
cleaners are available to restore the original luster to aluminum surfaces. Make sure to follow the instructions
for use as outlined on the product package. Chrome surfaces can be restored with special chrome polish if
regular cleaning methods are not successful. Again, make sure to follow product instructions for use.
WINDOWS AND DOORS
Check the seals around windows at regular intervals. Follow previous instructions for checking the condition of
seals and repairing as necessary. Make sure that the windows remain operative by adjusting and lubricating
latches and moving parts annually. Also check the condition and operation of the door locks, adjusting and
lubricating as necessary. Use powdered graphite or light oil to lubricate moving parts on doors and windows.
Vinyl seals around windows and doors should be cleaned regularly, and kept supple by use of a silicone spray.
Keep screens and window slides clean and free of debris, to maintain proper operation, and avoid component
road damage. Test the operation of all windows occasionally to make sure they are working properly, including
closing flush and locks holding tight. Check with your dealer if you are unsure about the correct methods of
lubrication and adjustment.
NOTE: Be aware that moisture can accumulate in locks and hinges of windows and doors, causing damage or
faulty operation. Do not force the operation of these components in sub-freezing weather.
!
CAUTION: Failure to maintain seals through regular maintenance can lead to damage of
your motorhome components, and may be considered abusive treatment under the terms
of your RV warranty.
FRAME
Check the condition of the frame regularly. Keep it clean, and repaint as necessary to help avoid rust. It is
especially important to keep underbody components clean, when driving the recreational vehicle in the winter
in areas where road salts are used.
TIRES
In areas where hot sun constantly beats down on the recreational vehicle, shading the tires by covering can
reduce tire sidewall cracks from forming.
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4-3
ROOF
Inspection of roof components at least twice a year is very important to make sure seals are not cracked or
worn. Proper maintenance of seals is necessary to keep moisture from entering and causing severe damage
such as rot, mold, or mildew. If you encounter drying, cracked, or weathered seals, make sure to reseal as
necessary. Check with your dealer for the type of caulking required for roofs and correct methods of resealing.
Special sealers are also required for the skylights.
!
!
CAUTION: It is especially important to check the seals before and after periods of extended
storage or non-use. Fall and spring inspections are recommended.
WARNING: Some products may contain hazardous materials which require special
handling. Read labels carefully. Follow all of the product manufacturer’s safety
requirements.
NOTE: If your roof should somehow be punctured, cover the puncture to seal out moisture, and have it
repaired as soon as possible (check with your dealer).
TV ANTENNA
To lubricate the elevating gear, apply a liberal amount of silicone spray lubricant to the elevating gear with the
lift in the down position. Run the lift up and down a few times to distribute the lubricant over the gears.
If rotating the antenna becomes difficult, normal operation can be restored by lubricating the bearing surface
between the rotating gear housing and the base plate. Any spray type silicone lubricant may be used.
Elevate the antenna and remove the set screw from the rotating gear housing (see illustration). Spray lubricant
into hole and around the edges of the gear housing. Rotate the gear housing until the lubricant coats the
bearing surfaces and the antenna rotates freely.
4-4
Mandalay
EXTERIOR LIGHTS
Make sure to check the operation of all exterior lights often. Check identification, clearance, turn signal, brake,
and backup lights to make sure they are working correctly. Replace burnt out bulbs as soon as possible.
APPLIANCES, SINKS AND COUNTERTOPS
Clean with hot soapy water or a good liquid cleaner. Avoid using abrasive cleaners. Never use steel wool on
stainless steel, since the steel particles left in the sink can rust and become unsightly. Also, when cleaning
stainless steel with a mild cleanser, rub gently with the grain, and rinse well. Rinse after each use and wipe
dry.
Be sure to remove all food and ice from the refrigerator at the end of each trip. Prop the door open slightly to
keep the interior dry, and free of mold, mildew, and odors.
Make sure to read all literature provided with each of the appliances, and follow the maintenance instructions
included. Pay particular attention to any cautions or warnings included. Also read the rest of this manual,
following the instructions for the care and use of appliances.
Do not place hot pans directly on countertops, because they can loosen or scorch surface.
PRE-FINISHED PANELS AND WOOD SURFACES
Treat cabinetry and wood surfaces as you would any fine furniture product in your home. Proper care and
maintenance of wood products will keep them looking like new for many seasons of use.
Clean pre-finished panels with a spray-type furniture polish. Avoid getting wood surfaces wet. Wipe off and
dry immediately if you do get wet. Do not use abrasive cleansers around wood finishes. Clean regularly with a
soft cloth and cleaner designed for wood products such as lemon oil or any oil based wood cleaning product.
Avoid constant exposure to direct sunlight which can cause fading and drying of wood surfaces.
WATER SYSTEM
Check all hoses, fittings, and connections regularly for leaks and signs of wear. Make sure to keep the system
sanitized, and take care to winterize during cold weather (see instructions elsewhere in this manual). Do not
allow water to remain in system for extended periods or after a trip.
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4-5
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
The electrical system requires minimal maintenance under normal circumstances. Most electrical
maintenance in the recreational vehicle involves the chassis and auxiliary batteries. Keeping the batteries
properly maintained will help to eliminate many frustrating electrical problems. Make sure to refer to the index
for the location of electrical and battery maintenance information elsewhere in this manual.
The generator is another area in which simple preventive maintenance can “head off” problems before they
happen. Read the manual supplied with the generator for the care and maintenance required on a regular
basis. The first scheduled maintenance should be at 50 hours, followed thereafter with regular service
intervals of 150 hours.
If you experience electrical problems with your recreational vehicle, make sure to have it checked by a
qualified electrician.
ROOF VENTS
Check roof vents regularly for debris that may block air flow or jam the cranking mechanism. Lubricate the
cranking mechanism with light oil.
ABS PLASTIC
Many components of the recreational vehicle are constructed of strong, lightweight ABS plastic. Sometimes, it
may be necessary to remove stains, or generally clean. A mild solution of soap and water will clean many
stains and should be used initially. Tougher stains may require stronger cleaners, but be sure to read the label
to determine if the product is recommended for use on plastics.
Avoid abrasive cleanser (even the liquid and cream types), alcohol based products, and solvents such as
acetone and MEK. Gasoline and kerosene should not be used because of the damaging effect they have on
the plastic surface, as well as the fire hazard they present. Often the damage caused by solvents, alcohol, and
oil based products may not be immediately noticeable, but the plastic is made weaker, and prone to stress
cracking.
4-6
Mandalay
WINTER PRECAUTIONS
SPECIAL TIPS FOR WINTER USE
Water Systems – If the fresh water storage tank is located inside the coach, the normal heating of the coach
during cold weather should be enough to insure its not freezing. In severe cold weather (40°F or Lower)
however, it is wise to monitor the water temperature in the tank, and take appropriate steps to drain and
winterize if necessary. In severe cold it may be necessary to open lower cabinet doors at night in both the bath
and kitchen areas to keep warmer air circulating around water fixtures.
If you are going to leave the coach unheated for any length of time in severe cold conditions, it is best not to
keep water in the fresh water tank. It may work best to carry cooking and drinking water with you in plastic jugs
instead.
If you will be using your recreational vehicle when conditions fall below the freezing level, it will be necessary to
protect the drainage system components from damage by the addition of an approved antifreeze solution as
outlined on the product directions. Drain lines which are exposed outside the recreational vehicle are
especially susceptible to freezing, and steps should be taken to protect them from damage.
Food Storage – In the event the recreational vehicle is left for a period of time without the furnace in operation,
canned goods and other foods packed in water should be stored as high as possible, since heat rises. They
might also be stored in the refrigerator as insulation against the cold. Store dry foods, and other items that are
not damaged by freezing, in the lower storage areas.
LP Gas System – Make sure to use an LP gas that will vaporize properly in the colder temperatures. Check
with your LP gas representative for the proper fuel, and reread the information on LP gas selection in the LP
Gas section of this manual (check the Index for the location).
NOTE: It is important to remember that heating with LP consumes gas rapidly, so refill tank
immediately when low, to avoid running out completely.
Heating – Use ONLY the furnace to heat the recreational vehicle. It is properly vented to the outside.
!
WARNING: NEVER USE THE RANGE FOR HEATING - ASPHYXIATION COULD RESULT.
Condensation – Cooking produces large amounts of moisture. Not just as steam from pots and pans, but
also as a product of combustion. Make sure to use the exhaust vents and open a window slightly to control the
humidity. At night, leave a roof vent and/or a window slightly open.
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4-7
STORAGE PREPARATION
When storing the recreational vehicle for the winter (or other extreme conditions), certain precautions need to
be made to protect it until you open it again for use. Make sure to talk with your local dealer concerning any
special requirements for storage in your particular geographic area. The following steps are general, and your
dealer can help you choose those that are most appropriate for your needs.
1.
Make sure to park the recreational vehicle on a level surface.
2.
Make sure to winterize the chassis as outlined in the chassis owner’s manual, and also the 110V
generator (if so equipped) as outlined in the generator’s owner’s manual.
3.
Clean the recreational vehicle thoroughly, both inside and out, as previously outlined, including the
refrigerator.
4.
Make sure all electrical switches and appliances are turned off.
5.
Close all the drapes and curtains, and protect the curtains from sun fading by placing foil, or paper
between the windows and the screens.
6.
Make sure all windows, doors, and vents are closed securely. Cover exterior vents on appliances to
prevent moisture and insects from entering during storage.
7.
Check the interior of the recreational vehicle periodically while in storage to make sure leaks have not
developed, or condensation formed that can cause damage to interior components. Condensation
can most readily be observed as moisture accumulation on windows and mirrors. To reduce
condensation, make sure to air the recreational vehicle out occasionally during storage.
8.
Be sure that both the chassis and coach batteries have the proper electrolyte level and that they are
fully charged (specific gravity of 1.260). A discharged battery will freeze and crack the case, ruining
the battery. In storage, a battery will lose charge gradually over a 30 to 45 day period, even when
disconnected by use of the battery disconnect switch. We recommend that at least monthly the
batteries be checked for charge. If the charge is 80% (specific gravity of 1.235) or less, it must be
recharged.
You may wish to remove the batteries from the recreational vehicle and store them in a heated area.
However, even when warm, the battery charge level must still be maintained. A warm battery accepts
charge much more readily however, than a cold one.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Make sure to follow all precautions associated with battery care and maintenance outlined in the
electrical section of this manual.
Store with as much fuel as possible in the fuel tank to limit condensation buildup.
Check engine coolant, making sure antifreeze is sufficient for local temperature extremes.
Make sure the tires are inflated to correct pressures.
Store the windshield wiper arms and blades inside the motorhome.
Let the engine run for a period of time until it is warm. Change the oil and oil filter.
Run the air conditioner during this final engine warm up to make sure the compressor seal is
lubricated.
If snow accumulates on the recreational vehicle, try to remove it as often as you can.
A primary concern when winterizing the recreational vehicle is to make sure the water systems are
protected against damage caused by freezing. Follow the water system winterizing procedure
outlined in the Water and Drainage section of this manual (check the index for location).
Be sure to read the rest of this manual, and follow any additional information on storage, cleaning and
winterizing procedures.
4-8
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE CHART
ITEM
Ea. Ea. 3
6
Ea As
PROCEDURE
Trip Mo Mo Mo Yr Req
Wash with warm water & mild detergent
X
Fiberglass Exterior
Roof & Roof
Components
X
Wax with liquid or paste wax
X
Inspect & re-seal as needed
Lubricate roof vent mechanism w/light oil & clean completely
X
Check vinyl seals when washing exterior
X
Windows & Doors
Seals & Adhesives
X
Check seals for damage & repair as needed
X
Lubricate door hinges & step components with WD40
X
Adjust & lube window latches with powdered graphite or light oil
X
Lube door locks & strike pocket, incl. ext. storage & access drs
Inspect & reseal as necessary
X
X
LP Gas System
Have qualified serviceman check pressures & complete system
X
Check hoses, fittings & connections for leaks & signs of wear
X
Water Drainage
Check drainage system for leaks & road damage
X
X
Check GFCI circuits
X
Electrical System
X
Perform maint. on generator as outlined in generator manual
X
Check & service batteries
Remove food & ice from refrigerator after each trip
X
X
Clean fan blades & wash filter on range exhaust hood
X
Check for obstructions & dirt on exterior appliance vents
Clean smoke detector components
X
Safety Equipment
Test smoke detector operation
X
Check fire extinguisher pressure & condition
X
Carpeting
X
Chassis & Components
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X
Clean
Clean pre-finished panels & wood
X
Seats
Weight & Distribution
Vacuum after each trip
X
Wood Surfaces
Sanitize system
Winterize system depending on local seasonal conditions
X
Appliances
Check for leaks & road damage
X
Lubricate all mechanisms & inspect for proper operation
X
Check all seat belt buckles, release mechanisms & belt webbing
X
Follow chassis lubrication & maint procedures & schedules
Be sure unit is within specified load limits & weight distribution
4-9
4-10
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IDENTIFICATION AND SAFETY
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REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
The following note is added as a requirement of the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA):
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect that could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying the
manufacturer.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHSTA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or the manufacturer.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hot-line toll free at 1-888-327-4236 or go to their
website at www.nhtsa.dot.gov. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from these
sources.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE SERIAL NUMBER DECALS, AND DATA
PLATES
The recreational vehicle serial number label is mounted on the inside wall next to the driver seat. Refer to the
chassis owner’s manual for the location of the chassis vehicle identification number on all motorized
recreational vehicles.
IMPORTANT: Always give model, year, and the V.I.N. number information when ordering parts. Also, we
recommend that you keep a copy of this information separate from the RV in the event that theft or vandalism
requires you to supply a copy to
authorities.
Decals and data plates are
used throughout the RV to aid
in its safe and efficient
operation; others give service
instructions. Read all decals,
data, and instruction plates
before operating your RV.
When any decal, data, or
instruction plate is damaged,
painted over, removed, etc. it
should be replaced.
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5-1
MANUFACTURER’S WARRANTIES
The following list of components has been compiled to help you know which products on your RV may have
their own warranties. If you have any of these components on your RV, be sure to check your literature
supplied by the manufacturer to see if they require that you register your purchase with them to validate their
warranty. We recommend that you send the various warranty registration cards immediately before any time
constraints on registration expire. Manufacturers’ literature is contained in a separate packet furnished with
the owner’s manual on newly delivered units or in the back of this folder. Only those products and options
which are on your RV will be included in this packet. You should go over the literature with your dealer during
the pre-delivery inspection. Any shortages of literature should be reported to the dealer at this time.
APPLIANCES
Air conditioner (roof)
Furnace
Range
Range hood
Microwave oven
Refrigerator
ELECTRICAL
110/12V inverter
Generator
GFCI receptacle
Carbon Monoxide Detector
Water heater
Televisions
VCR/VCP
Radio
Ice maker
Coffee maker
Awnings
Home theater system
DVD player
Washer/dryer
Satellite system
LP leak detector
Battery
Smoke detector
WATER & DRAINAGE
Toilet
Water pump
Water faucets
LP GAS
Regulator
Gas tank
Gas leak detector
CHASSIS
Air conditioner
Cruise control
5-2
Back up monitor
Leveling jacks
Hydraulic pumps
Batteries
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SAFETY REGULATIONS FOR LP GAS SYSTEMS AND APPLIANCES
The following warnings are posted throughout your RV to provide information on LP gas safety. They have
been installed not only because of the requirement to do so, but also as a constant reminder to occupants of
the RV to exercise proper caution when using or being around LP gas appliances and equipment. We are
listing them here so you may study them and make sure that you and your family understand and follow them.
!
!
!
The safety alert symbol is used throughout this manual to call attention to warnings where
vehicle damage or possible personal injury may be involved.
WARNING: It is not safe to use cooking appliances for comfort heating
WARNING: Cooking appliances need fresh air for safe operation. Before operation:
1. OPEN OVERHEAD VENT OR TURN ON EXHAUST FAN
2. OPEN WINDOW
This warning label has been located in the cooking area to remind you to provide an adequate supply of fresh
air for combustion. Unlike homes, the amount of oxygen supply is limited due to the size of the RV, and proper
ventilation when using the cooking appliances will avoid dangers of asphyxiation. It is especially important that
cooking appliances not be used for comfort heating as THE DANGER OF ASPHYXIATION IS GREATER
WHEN THE APPLIANCE IS USED FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME.
Overfilling the LP gas container can result in uncontrolled gas flow which can cause fire or explosion. A
properly filled container will contain approximately 80 percent of its volume as liquid LP gas. An 80 percent
automatic shut-off has been installed on the LP gas tank which will automatically prevent further filling when
the gas volume has reached 80 percent of tank capacity.
!
CAUTION: This tank is equipped with an automatic valve designed to close at 80% liquid
full. Always open 20% fixed liquid level bleeder gauge while filling. Stop filling if liquid
appears before valve shuts off.
!
WARNING: All LP gas is contained under pressure. Due to the dangerous potential of any
compressed gas, it is mandatory that the following requirements for the use of this tank be
followed: Tanks are to be installed, fueled and maintained in accordance with the state and
local codes, rules, regulations or laws and in accordance with the NFPA Pamphlet 58,
division IV.
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5-3
!
•
•
•
•
•
•
WARNING: IF YOU SMELL GAS.
Extinguish any open flames, pilot lights, and all smoking materials.
DO NOT touch electrical switches
Shut off the gas supply at the tank valve (s) or gas supply connection.
Open doors and other ventilation openings. ( DO NOT USE THE RANGE HOOD )
Leave the area until the odor clears.
Have the system checked and leakage source corrected before using again.
LP gas regulators must always be installed with the diaphragm vent facing downward. Regulators that are not
in compartments have been equipped with a protective cover. Make sure that the regulator vent faces
downward and the cover is kept in place to minimize vent blockage which could result in excessive gas
pressure causing fire or explosion.
!
WARNING: Portable fuel burning equipment including wood or charcoal burning grills and
stoves shall not be used inside the vehicle because they may cause fire or asphyxiation.
FIRE SAFETY
Fire safety is an important part of owning a RV. The following basic rules of fire prevention can help eliminate
the possibility of a fire.
Make sure that everyone in your vehicle is familiar with the location of exits, including emergency exit windows
should an emergency arise.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
5-4
Never store flammable liquids in the RV
Never leave cooking food unattended
Never smoke in bed, and always use an ashtray
Never allow children to play with LP gas or electrical equipment
Never use an open flame as a flashlight
Always repair faulty or damaged wiring and electrical components
Never overload electrical circuits
Locate and repair LP leaks immediately
Keep cooking surfaces clean
Don’t allow rubbish to accumulate
Never clean with a flammable liquid
Spray fabrics annually with a flame retardant
Mandalay
If a fire does start, make sure to follow the basic rules of safety:
1.
Have everyone evacuate the RV as quickly as possible
2.
After everyone is clear, check the fire to see if you can attempt to put it out. If it is large, or the fire is fuel
fed, get clear of the RV and have the fire department handle the emergency.
3.
DO NOT attempt to use water to put out the fire. Water can spread some types of fire, and
electrocution is possible with an electrical fire.
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
UNDERWRITER LABORATORIES CLASSIFY FIRES INTO THREE TYPES:
Class A – Fires in wood, paper, fabric, rubber, and certain plastics.
Class B – Flammable liquids such as grease, cooking oils, gasoline, or kerosene.
Class C – Electrical fires started from live electrical wires, from short circuited motors or switches.
The fire extinguisher provided with the RV is a chemical type suitable for extinguishing small fires of the class B
or C type. Extinguishers are designed to put out fires in the initial stage, not when it is blazing out of control. If a
fire cannot be approached within 10’, your extinguisher will not be effective.
To fight a fire with an extinguisher, first remove the tamper tape which covers the discharge push button. The
extinguisher does not need shaking. Hold it upright and stand six to ten feet from the fire with a clear path to an
exit. Press the button down all the way, aimed at the base of the fire and spray with quick motions from side to
side.
Avoid inhaling the dry chemicals. Although non toxic, they could cause temporary irritation and vomiting.
When the fire is out, clean up the area as soon as possible. The dry chemicals are non-corrosive, but some
residue may cause surface damage if left too long.
In the case of an electrical fire, disconnect the battery and throw off the main circuit in the unit. It is important
that everyone knows where to find the main circuit and how it operates. If the shoreline power cord is
connected, disconnect it.
TO KEEP A FIRE EXTINGUISHER IN OPERATING CONDITION:
1.
CHECK PRESSURE-monthly or more often. Check the nozzle for obstruction. Press the green pin
below the nozzle. If it returns and sticks out from the extinguisher, it is operable. If the pin does not
come back, discard extinguisher. Refillable models have a pressure gauge to check.
2.
TAMPER TAPE- Check the tape to make sure it is intact. DO NOT test the extinguisher. Even a partial
discharge may cause leakage.
3.
INSPECTION TAG- when checking the extinguisher for pressure, enter the date checked on the
inspection tag furnished with the RV. Regular inspections will help insure the condition.
4.
AGITATE DRY CHEMICAL- every six (6) months, by inverting the bottle and lightly shaking for
several seconds. This will help prevent the dry chemical from settling due to in-motion vibrations.
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5-5
CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTOR
OPERATING YOUR DETECTOR
See the instructions sheet which came with your detector for complete information. Operating your CO
Detector is easy. Once power is supplied, the detector will run through a warm-up and self-check cycle for ten
minutes before beginning to monitor for CO gas. There are no switches to allow the unit to be accidentally
turned off, so the detector will provide reliable protection (providing that the test procedure is performed) by
alerting you to the buildup of potentially dangerous levels of CO gas on a continuous basis.
TESTING THE DETECTOR
!
WARNING: Carbon Monoxide cannot be seen or smelled and can kill you. If alarm sounds:
Turn off appliances, vehicle or other sources of combustion at once (furnace, water heater,
stove, RV, automobile, etc.) and call the fire dept. Get fresh air into the premises or vehicle.
Have the problem corrected before starting any appliances or vehicle.
Carbon monoxide is a very dangerous gas; it is not wise to use deadly CO to test the operation of the detector.
A commonly available source of gas is a butane lighter. Butane is combustible, but not deadly. Normally this
detector ignores combustible gases. The TEST button will change the sensitivity so butane can be detected
temporarily. If the detector will respond to butane, it will respond to CO gas during normal operation. This test
will prove that your CO detector is fully operational and that the sensor will detect gas.
TESTING PROCEDURE
This test must be performed quickly. Be sure that you read and are familiar with this test procedure before
beginning.
1.
Be sure that the detector has been powered for a minimum of 10 minutes.
2.
Press and hold test button for approximately 10 seconds.
3.
Without releasing the button, aim nozzle of a butane lighter towards the gas sensor area.
4.
Press the gas release quickly (not more than 1 second) DO NOT ROTATE FLINT WHEEL.
5.
Release the test button
6.
The alarm should sound. If it does not, repeat this test then see the troubleshooting section in the
instructions that came with your unit.
7.
Wait 1 minute
8.
Press and release the test button to silence the alarm. If the alarm continues to sound, wait 30
seconds and press and release the test button again. NOTE: The alarm will reset within 5 minutes
without pressing the test button.
HOW OFTEN TO TEST
You must test this detector at least once per week during use. If used in a vehicle or coach, it must also be
tested after storage and before each trip.
5-6
Mandalay
CARBON MONOXIDE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
!
!
WARNING: Exhaust gas is deadly! It contains carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas that can
cause unconsciousness and death. It is an odorless, colorless, and tasteless gas formed
during combustion of fuel in either the motorhome or generator engines.
WARNING: Never sleep while the engine is running. It is impossible to know if you are
being affected by carbon monoxide gas while asleep.
Be aware of carbon monoxide poisoning and its symptoms:
1. Dizziness
2. Severe Headache
3. Vomiting
4. Weakness and Sleepiness
5. Muscular Twitching
6. Throbbing in Temples
If anyone in the recreational vehicle experiences any of these symptoms, shut off the engine, and immediately
go outside into fresh air. Get medical attention as soon as possible.
Never run the engine unless you are sure that exhaust gases will be safely dispersed into the atmosphere.
Always be sure that tail pipes remain unblocked and windows near the exhaust are closed.
DO NOT alter or modify any component of the exhaust system at any time. Inspect the exhaust system at
regular intervals for damage. If you suspect or locate damage to the system, have it repaired immediately.
SMOKE DETECTOR
An ionization detector offers a broad range of fire sensing capabilities. However, they do possess limitations.
Fire could start in a location that would prevent smoke from reaching the detector. They are also better at
detecting fast flaming fires than the slow smoldering variety. They are also not a cure for poor fire safety habits.
Smoke detectors need occasional maintenance for reliable service. A smoke detector is designed to be
relatively maintenance free, but there are three things you can do to keep a detector in reliable working order:
1.
2.
3.
TEST IT- at least once a week by firmly pressing the button located near the center of the cover. The
alarm should sound briefly. If it does not work, replace the battery and test again.
CLEAN- the detector if grease or dust accumulates. The following procedure should be followed once
a year.
a. Remove the cover and battery
b. Clean dust from sensing chamber openings with a vacuum and soft brush attachment
c. Replace the battery and depress the test switch. The alarm should sound briefly. If it does not
work, try a new battery.
SERVICE - the detector if it does not work by sending it to the manufacture or their repair center. DO
NOT attempt to make the repairs yourself (other than battery replacement).
NOTE: When the battery is low, the detector will make a “chirping” noise for seven days to remind you to
change it.
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5-7
SEAT BELTS
!
WARNING: All motorhome occupants should wear their seat belts for maximum protection
in the event of a collision. For young children, infant and child restraints should be
obtained and used in accordance with the instructions provided for, by the manufacturer
of the restraint. In some areas, seat belt and/or child restraint use is required by law.
!
WARNING: The sleeping accommodations in this vehicle are designed for occupancy only
while the vehicle is NOT in motion. All occupants in this vehicle must be seated at a
designated seating position and must wear seat belts at all times while this vehicle is in
motion. Failure to do so may result in serious injury.
!
!
!
WARNING: In addition to the seat belt operating instructions given here, it is extremely
important that you also review and follow all the instructions for seat belt and child
restraints in the chassis owners manual provided with your vehicle.
WARNING: Failure to adjust the seat belt properly could increase the chance of injury in the
event of a collision.
WARNING: Pilot and Co-pilot seats must be locked in a forward facing position with seat
belts fastened while the motorhome is in motion. Avoid seat rotation while in transit.
Children must not be transported unrestrained. Infants must be placed in approved safety
seats. Small children must be restrained in child safety seats. Failure to comply with these
rules can lead to injury or death.
Seat belts are a very important safety feature in your motorhome. Anyone riding in the motorhome should
wear a seat belt at all times while the motorhome is in motion. Children should be properly restrained rather
than being held by an adult.
Never have more than one person use an individual seat belt. Also it is not possible to belt persons who are
lying in a bed.
To fasten seat belts, insert the tongue into the buckle until you hear a snap and feel the latch engage. Adjust
the belt to the proper position; snug and as low as possible around the hips, not around the waist. To unfasten
the seat belt, push the release button in the buckle and allow the belt to unlatch.
NOTE: Seat belts have been provided at most seating locations within your vehicle to allow the user the
flexibility and convenience to choose which seat location they would like to occupy. However, it is not intended
for all seats to be simultaneously occupied while the vehicle is in motion without regard to the total loaded
weight of the vehicle.
DO NOT EXCEED THE CARRYING CAPACITY OF THIS VEHICLE.
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Mandalay
EGRESS EXIT WINDOW
An egress window is designated for use as an exit in the case of an emergency. Inside the motorhome the
egress window is easily identified by the red locking handle. It is also marked as an “EXIT”. The glass slider in
the egress window operates the same as all other windows;
• To open the egress window, lift the red handle and push outward on the window.
• To close the egress window, pull the window closed and lower the handles to lock window in place.
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Mandalay
CAUTION: The egress window should be opened twice a year to ensure proper operation.
Over time, the rubber seal will tend to stick to the egress window. Occasional operation
will help prevent the rubber seal from sticking.
5-9
5-10
Mandalay
AUTOMOTIVE OPERATIONS
AND PROCEDURES
Mandalay
GENERAL INFORMATION
The chassis is the foundation and heart of your motorhome. With proper care and maintenance, it will provide
years of service, and many miles of enjoyable travel.
You as the owner are the key to keeping your vehicle in good operating condition, as well as being responsible
for taking the proper precautions when attempting any repair or maintenance activities. If you are not sure
what action to take, or uncomfortable with performing a maintenance or repair function, contact your dealer, or
a designated chassis manufacturer servicing dealer. Check information supplied by chassis manufacturer for
a service dealer near you.
Make sure to read all chassis information supplied by the chassis manufacturer, paying particular
attention to precautionary notes and warnings, as well as all maintenance procedures and schedules.
NEW VEHICLE BREAK IN
Special procedures or schedules for breaking in your new motorhome are minimal. Make sure to follow the
recommendations as outlined in the chassis owner’s manual to ensure proper future performance and
economy.
BRAKES
Operation and maintenance of the brake system is covered in the chassis owner’s manual. Always be sure to
keep your brakes in proper working condition, following the service schedule in the chassis literature, and the
recommendations of your chassis service representative.
WHEELS AND TIRES
Your motorhome tires play an important role in the load carrying capacity of the vehicle. To ensure good tire
life, check tires often. Inspect the general condition of the tires, as well as the air pressure.
Always check the air pressure when the tires are cold. Tires that are hot from traveling will show higher
pressures. The maximum tire pressure and the load carrying capacity of the tire is imprinted on each tire
sidewall as well as on the vehicle serial number I.D. tag. Always inflate your tires to their correct pressure. Do
not over or under inflate. Under inflated tires will run hot, shorten the tire’s life and decrease the motorhomes
safe load limit. Over inflated tires will cause a rough and bouncing ride that could damage motorhome
components or cargo. It is a good idea to always carry an accurate tire pressure gauge in the motorhome to
make these checks. If pressure checks indicate that a tire is losing air, check for signs of valve leakage,
penetration, or wheel and rim damage.
The way you drive can have a significant effect on the wear and life of tires also. High speeds, unusual use of
the brakes, taking corners too quickly, quick starts, and surfaces in poor condition all can attribute to the early
wear and failure of your tires.
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6-1
DAMAGED OR FLAT TIRES
!
CAUTION: When replacing a tire, make sure to replace it with a tire of the same size and
specifications.
If you notice damage to a tire such as a bulge, uneven wear, or damage by a foreign object or the road, have it
inspected and repaired or replaced as needed. Remember that tires should be taken to an authorized tire
repair facility.
If you experience a flat tire on your RV, it is recommended that you have qualified personnel with the proper
equipment handle the problem. Due to the size and weight of a RV wheel and tire assembly, as well as the
amount of torque needed to tighten wheel nuts securely, it is best to call in a professional. It is for this reason
that a jack has not been included in this motorhome.
WHEEL NUT TORQUES
!
WARNING: Failure to tighten wheel nuts as required could allow wheels to come off while
the vehicle is in motion, causing loss of control and possible collision.
It is also important to have the wheel nuts checked regularly to make sure they have not loosened during
travel. Follow the schedule for regular wheel nut checks as outlined in the chassis manufacturer’s owner’s
manual. If you suspect that the wheel nuts have loosened at any time, have checked and torque to proper
limits immediately.
If you suspect or notice wheel stud bolts are cracked or broken, they must be replaced, along with adjacent
bolts that have probably also been weakened due to additional stress placed on them.
You, as the owner of the motorhome, need to make frequent inspections of the wheels and tires, looking for
signs of wear or damage. You also need to avoid abusive driving habits, such as hitting curbs or chuck holes at
high speeds which can damage tires and wheel components.
NOTE: The proper way of tightening wheel nuts is with a torque wrench, not with an impact wrench or by hand.
Because of the importance of having the proper torque on wheel nuts, you should have wheels mounted by
authorized personnel with the proper tools.
WHEEL AND TIRE BALANCING
Handling and tire wear can be enhanced by maintaining the proper balance of wheel and tire assemblies. It is
important to have wheel and tire balancing checked on a regular basis. If you experience handling problems or
abnormal tire wear, it may be easily corrected by proper balance. Specialized equipment is required to effect
proper balancing, and the motorhome should be taken to a shop that is qualified to perform this service.
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Mandalay
FRONT SUSPENSION AND ALIGNMENT
Maintaining proper alignment will result in increased steering ease and stability of the motorhome. Because of
this, tires and suspension will last longer and fuel economy will be increased. Many times, problems with tires
can be traced back to poor maintenance which will cause mechanical failures in the motorhome. This is why it
is important to follow a regular scheduled maintenance plan that can identify and correct mechanical problems
before they cause greater and increasingly more expensive mechanical failures. Safety is also enhanced by a
properly maintained vehicle.
The term alignment refers to both the adjustment angles on the steering axle and suspension and the tracking
of the rear axle. Many factors are considered when establishing proper alignment. Steering components,
suspension, wheel bearings, and even proper loading all effect alignment.
Any time you notice unusual tire wear or experience poor handling of the motorhome, it would be wise to
suspect improper alignment along with the various other possibilities that might be causing the problem (check
the chassis owner’s manual). Always have the alignment of the motorhome checked and adjusted by a
qualified shop with the proper equipment to handle heavy vehicles.
NOTE: The front end alignment of your motorhome has been set by the motorhome chassis and body builder
to the specification for front and rear GVW of your motorhome. However, since alignment is affected by not
only how much weight you add to the motorhome in the way of cargo and how much water/LP, etc. that you
carry and how you disperse the cargo, we advise you to have the motorhome alignment checked in the loaded
condition (the way you would travel down the road). Not having the alignment set in the loaded condition could
result in abnormal tire wear.
POWER PLANT AND DRIVE TRAIN
Full operating and service information may be obtained by consulting the engine and drive train operating and
service manuals provided by the chassis manufacturer. For maximum engine efficiency and long service life,
always follow recommendations, as outlined by the chassis manufacturer. Regular visual inspections can
help detect minor adjustments and needed maintenance. All other components of chassis should be
inspected regularly per schedules set by chassis manufacturer.
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
!
WARNING: Ethylene glycol is a petroleum derivative which can ignite if exposed to high
temperature, such as occurs on an exhaust manifold. The possibility of ethylene glycol
igniting is increased if it is not diluted with water. It is important to properly dilute
antifreeze with the proper mixture of water. Make sure to discuss the coolant needs of
your vehicle with your chassis engine service representative.
The engine cooling system requires regular, periodic service to operate at maximum efficiency. The condition
of the engine coolant, hoses, and clamps should be checked annually. Make sure to follow the cooling system
recommendations as outlined in your chassis engine owner’s manual. If you notice, or suspect cooling system
problems, make sure it receives immediate attention. Proper and safe operation of the chassis engine cooling
system and other chassis functions depends on maintaining the vehicle per the instructions and schedules
published by the chassis and engine manufacturers.
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6-3
PROPER LOADING AND WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION
Your RV has been designed to carry loads within specified limits. Exceeding these limits will greatly affect the
handling of the RV. These limitations are defined in three ways:
1.
2.
3.
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) – Maximum permissible weight of this motorhome. The GVWR
is equal to or greater than the sum of the Unloaded Vehicle Weight plus the Net Carrying Capacity.
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) - Maximum load carried by an axle: sum of rating may be more
than GVWR to allow for load variations.
Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR) - Means the maximum allowable loaded weight of this
motorhome with its towed trailer or towed vehicle.
Check weight ratings of your RV on the serial number identification tag.
Additional terms used when discussing weight and distribution include:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)- The total loaded weight of the RV
Gross Axle Weight (GAW)- The total axle weight under any given load condition
Unloaded Vehicle Weight (UVW) - Weight of this motorhome as built at the factory with full fuel,
engine oil, and coolants. The UVW does not include cargo, fresh water, LP gas, occupants, or dealer
installed accessories.
Net Carrying Capacities (NCC)- Maximum weight of all occupants including the driver, personal
belongings, food, fresh water, LP gas, tools, tongue weight of towed vehicle, dealer installed
accessories, etc. , that can be carried by this motorhome. (NCC is equal to or less than GVWR minus
UVW).
NOTE: When establishing the NCC, weigh the motorhome with the fresh water tank and the LP tank. Do not
allow anyone to be in the motorhome when establishing this rating. To determine the allowable tow rate
subtract the GVWR from the NCC.
DO NOT assume that you can fill all tanks and storage areas and be within the GVWR. Weights of stored items
and passengers will vary greatly and will affect total weight of your RV.
NOTE: For calculation purposes fresh water weighs 8.33 pounds per gallon. LP gas weighs 4.5 pounds per
gallon.
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Mandalay
WEIGHT INFORMATION LABEL
A WEIGHT INFORMATION LABEL, similar to the following diagram, has been placed inside a wardrobe
closet in your motorhome. These weights are based on calculations involving similar vehicles as yours and
will not be the exact weight of your vehicle. You will need to weigh your vehicle to determine the exact weights
and carrying capacities of your vehicle.
DO NOT OVERLOAD YOUR MOTORHOME
SERIAL NO
___________________
GVWR_______________________
VIN ___________________________
UVW________________________
MODEL________________________
NCC________________________
GCWR______________________
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) means the maximum permissible weight of this motorhome. The
GVWR should not exceed the sum of the Unloaded Vehicle Weight plus the Net Carrying Capacity. (GVWR
equal to or less than UVW + NCC)
UVW (Unloaded Vehicle Weight) means the weight of this motorhome as built at the factory with full fuel,
engine oil, and coolants. The UVW does not include cargo, fresh water, LP gas, occupants, or dealer
installed accessories.
NCC (Net Carrying Capacity) means the maximum weight of all passengers, including the driver, personal
belongings, food, fresh water, LP gas, tools, tongue weight of towed vehicle, dealer installed accessories,
etc., that can be carried by this motorhome. (GVWR minus UVW).
GCWR (Gross Combination Weight Rating) means the value specified by the motorhome manufacturer as
the maximum allowable loaded weight of this motorhome with its towed trailer or towed vehicle.
This motorhome is capable of carrying up to ______ gallons of fresh water (including water heater) for a
total of _____ pounds. In planning how you use your Net Carrying Capacity, other load weights may be
substituted for equivalent fresh water weight. Weight of fresh water is 8.33 lbs/gal.
Each motorhome has been designed with ample room and capacities for several different types of usages,
from extended trips for two people to short trips with several people. The large storage compartments and
abundant cabinet spaces in the interior of the motorhome offer many benefits to the user of the
motorhome. The user also bears the responsibility in selecting the proper combination of cargo, fluids,
towed vehicles and passengers to insure the vehicle weight limits are not exceeded.
CONSULT OWNER’S MANUAL FOR SPECIFIC WEIGHING INSTRUCTIONS AND TOWING GUIDELINES
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6-5
COMPUTING YOUR LOAD AND LOAD DISTRIBUTION
Always give careful consideration when loading your RV so that items will be evenly distributed. Not only will
the RV handle and ride better, but you will have reduced tire wear and increased fuel economy. This will insure
that you have not overloaded one side or the other, affecting RV handling. DO NOT store heavy items near the
front or rear ends of the RV.
It is recommended to empty the waste holding tanks before leaving on a trip, and as often as possible when
traveling, to help keep weight reduced. Try to carry only as much fresh water as you will use when traveling.
It is also important to keep in mind when traveling, that all items stored inside and outside the RV are secure,
and all drawers and doors are secure. DO NOT add any type of rack or frame to any RV frame or chassis part.
The alteration to length and/or weight distribution may result in unstable handling, be a safety hazard, or could
damage the RV components. In any case, the RV warranty may be affected.
In order to properly compute your load and load distribution, you must know both actual scale weights, and the
GAWR and GVWR found on the Federal Certification Label on the motorhome. Weigh with all passengers,
equipment, luggage, and fluids on board as you plan to travel with.
To weigh your motorhome properly, use the following procedure:
1.
All passengers must be in their seats and the vehicle level. Place the front axle only on the scale.
Check the weight against the front gross axle weight rating.
2.
Pull forward so that both axles are on the scale. Check the weight against the gross vehicle rating.
3.
Pull forward again so that only the rear axle is on the scale. Check the weight against the rear axle
weight rating.
NOTE: The vehicle must be setting on level ground when weighing the front or rear axle separately. The
weight distribution will be greatly affected if this is not done and the weights will be inaccurate.
Compare scale weights with capacities as shown in the following
example:
(This example is hypothetical only)
GVWR
14,500 lb.
GVW
12,570 lb. from scale
Carrying capacity
1,930 lb
Front GAWR
5,000 lb
Front GAW
4,000 lb from scale
Front axle carrying capacity
1,000 lb
Rear GAWR
10,000 lb
Rear GAW
8,890 lb from scale
Rear axle carrying capacity
1,110 lb
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Mandalay
DRIVING
Now that you have determined your vehicle’s weight and balance you are ready to pull out on the open road.
The RV is equipped with more than adequate brakes; however, the stopping distance may be much greater
than your automobile. Keep this in mind at all times and be alert to changing road conditions.
It would be helpful to take your RV out to a stadium parking lot and spend some time getting the feel of the
wider and longer vehicle.
Small fluorescent sports cones, available at sporting goods and toy stores, can be used to create turns and
parking spaces. Dowels with small flags can be attached to make the cones more visible in the passenger’s
side view mirror. Practice parallel parking, backing and turns. Afterwards, the cones can become an addition
to your safety equipment.
Get a person to work with you, having them help guide you from both the passenger seat and a position
outside using hand signals.
The other vehicle characteristic that needs to be taken into consideration immediately is height. Read all
“clearance” signs when approaching parking garages, drive-through windows and even underpasses on older
highways. Also be careful of overhanging trees. Always use caution and when in doubt get out and look. Don’t
forget any added equipment that may protrude higher than the standard factory height.
Passing and pulling out into traffic in your RV is going to be different than when driving your everyday vehicle.
Generally speaking, it will take more time, thus, more distance to pass when it necessitates driving in an
on-coming lane of traffic. It will take more time to clear an intersection from a dead stop. Allow more distance
between cars.
Because your RV is longer and wider than your other vehicles, a bit more attention must be paid to cornering.
Practicing in a stadium lot is helpful, as indicated earlier.
The main idea is to pull several feet past the apex of the corner before initiating the turn. This is to give extra
room for the rear outside wheels to clear the inside curb. Instead of cutting corners, learn to use the entire
roadway by bringing the vehicle closer to the center stripe of the street or road you are entering. However, do
not swing “out” or over the center line of the road you are turning off. Because of the extra room your vehicle
needs to clear the inside curb, you must be fully aware of the traffic that you are turning into (what becomes the
oncoming traffic after you turn). Note how close the vehicles are to the center line and especially if they are
over the center line and into your lane.
HILLS, DALES AND MAKING THE GRADE
Driving in hilly or mountainous terrain isn’t any more difficult than driving on the flat plains of Kansas if the
driver uses the vehicle properly. The main culprit of hilly or mountainous driving problems is overheating.
Preventing problems is as simple as following your chassis manufacturer’s driving instructions for this type of
terrain. The main thing to remember is to reduce speed and drive in the appropriate gear, usually something
other than drive.
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6-7
TRAILER TOWING
!
The motorhome fully loaded and the trailer, or towed vehicle, must not exceed the
motorhome chassis’ Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR). Do not exceed the
vehicle’s Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR) or the hitch rating. The tongue weight,
the weight pushing down on the hitch, must not exceed 10% of the hitch capacity. A
separate functioning brake system is required for any towed vehicle or trailer weighing
more than 1000 lbs (450 KG) when fully loaded.
!
CAUTION: Consult with your selling dealer to determine the GCWR of your vehicle. Do not
assume that you can tow a vehicle which happens to be within the capacity of the hitch. It
may exceed the total GCWR of the motorhome.
!
WARNING: The towing vehicle’s braking system is rated for operating at GVWR, NOT at
GCWR. A separate functioning brake system is required for any towed vehicles or trailers
weighing more than 1000 lbs when fully loaded. NEVER exceed the GVWR, or the GAWR
specified on the motorhome certification label. Also NEVER exceed the weight ratings of
the trailer hitch installed on the motorhome. Failure to heed any part of this warning could
result in loss of control of the motorhome and towed vehicle or trailer and may cause an
accident and serious injury. For specific towed vehicle braking requirements, consult the
chassis owners manual that comes with this vehicle.
!
CAUTION: Always use safety chains between your vehicle and trailer. Cross chains under
the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners. Connect safety chains to vehicle
frame or hook retainers. Never attach chains to the bumper.
!
CAUTION: Tow bars or car dollies generally are made to travel in a forward direction only.
Most towing equipment of this type is not designed for backing. Never attempt short back
up distances with a tow bar or tow dolly. Damage to the motorhome, vehicle or towing
device will result.
Trailer packages that include high quality tow hitches are available as an option on Mandalay RVs. They are
designed to meet Class specifications for your particular vehicle.
Mandalay accepts no responsibility for damage to the chassis and other components resulting from towing
loads greater than its designated class specifications. You will also need to consider the gross combined
weight rating of your motorhome before towing a trailer or car.
Towing an object such as a boat and trailer or a car behind an RV results in added driving considerations that
you must contend with.
6-8
Mandalay
TOWING PROCEDURES
!
WARNING: In case the motorhome requires towing, ensure all precautions above are
followed. The drive shaft must be disconnected and the mud flap may need removed. The
manufacturer WILL NOT cover damage to the motorhome caused by a towing company.
!
WARNING: Never tow the motorhome at a speed greater than 50 mph. Never allow anyone
to ride in the motorhome while it is being towed. Make sure to review the chassis owner’s
manual supplied with your unit for any additional requirements or cautions concerning the
towing of the motorhome.
When your Mandalay needs towed for service it is recommended to use a lowboy/landall type of trailer. If a
tow truck is used it needs to have a support arm that goes under the motorhome and secures to the front axle.
Inform the tow company of the axle weights and total weight of the motorhome. Other important information is
the length of the motorhome, number of passengers and mile-post location.
The towing company may need to locate the air nipple to
release the air brakes (air brakes only). The air nipple is
located behind the rear axle on the air dryer and should be
used by towing personnel only. The towing company will
also use this connection to provide supplemental air while
towing the motorhome. Supplemental air is used to charge
the air system while the motorhome is being towed.
If the motorhome needs to be towed:
• Secure any loose or protruding parts if the motorhome is damaged.
• Inspect the points of attachment on a disabled motorhome. If attachment points are damaged, select
other attachment points at a substantial frame structural member.
• Never allow anyone to go under a motorhome while it is being lifted by towing equipment unless the
disabled motorhome is adequately supported by safety stands.
• Do not tow the motorhome from the rear. Towing from the rear will severely overload the front tires and
suspension possibly resulting in tire and/or front suspension failure. Rear frame extensions are not
designed to support weight loads imposed by lifting the motorhome from the rear.
• If the rear wheels are disabled, place the motorhome on a flat bed trailer or use a heavy duty dolly under
the rear wheels and tow the motorhome from the front.
• The drive shaft must be removed to prevent damage to the transmission. Secure the end caps to
prevent losing or contaminating the needle bearings.
• The mud flap may need to be removed to prevent damage due to limited ground clearance.
• Review the chassis owner’s manual for proper towing guidelines.
• The motorhome SHOULD be towed from the front. NEVER tow the motorhome from the rear.
• Use an approved tow truck normally used for towing large vehicles.
• Tow with the parking brake released and the transmission in neutral.
• Make sure the front wheels are lifted at least four inches off the ground, and that the rear of the
motorhome has adequate clearance.
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6-9
• It may be necessary to disconnect the drive shaft, or use a dolly under the rear wheels. If the rear
wheels will not rotate, it will be necessary to place the rear wheels on a heavy duty dolly, and tow from
the front. Make sure that there is nothing loose or jutting out from the motorhome which could be a
safety hazard while towing.
EMERGENCY STOPPING
If an emergency ever requires you to be stopped, be sure to follow these guidelines:
1.
2.
Pull off the road as far as possible
Select the Neutral position on shift selector and apply the Parking Brake.
3.
Turn on your hazard warning flashers
4.
If traveling at night, use three red warning indicators such as flares, reflectors, or lanterns as required
by the Uniform Vehicle Code and Model Traffic Ordinance as follows:
5.
a.
Place the first at traffic side of the vehicle, directed at the nearest approaching traffic.
b.
Place the second 100 feet behind the RV in the center of the lane and toward approaching
traffic.
c.
Place the third 100 feet in front of the RV in the center of the lane and away from the traffic
approaching from behind.
Always stand off the road.
NOTE: Curves and/or hills may effect the safe placement of warning indicators.
FUELING YOUR MOTORHOME
For your convenience there are two fuel fills on your motorhome. They are located on both sides of the
motorhome, towards the front of the unit. This allows access into filling stations from either side of the pump.
NOTE: Always remove the fuel cap slowly and pay close attention to the fuel recommendations outlined in
your chassis literature.
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6-10
WARNING: Be extremely careful when fueling your motorhome. Always shut off your
engine, do not smoke, or use cellular phones and shut off all pilot lights before adding fuel.
Fuel spills represent a serious fire hazard, and should be cleaned up immediately. Never
restart the engine, or relight pilot lights while raw fuel is present. When weather gets cold
or coach has not been used for a while, a fuel anti-gel additive will be needed.
Mandalay
CHASSIS FUNCTIONS
Mandalay
DASH CONTROLS
You should thoroughly familiarize yourself with the various controls, instruments, and indicators available to
you in your motorhome. Performance and safety can be enhanced by the driver who fully understands each
one, and how to use them.
IMPORTANT: The chassis owner’s manual furnished with your motorhome has complete information for
operating and maintaining chassis functions. Make sure to read and follow all instructions in the chassis
owner’s manual, paying particular attention to all precautions and warnings associated with its use.
If the appearance or placement of the gauges, instruments and controls does not exactly match the illustration
in your chassis owner’s manual, the instructions for their use will still apply.
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7-1
DASH HEATER/AIR CONDITIONER
!
WARNING: The air conditioning system contains refrigerant 134a under high pressure and
should be serviced by qualified personnel only. Improper service methods could cause
serious personal injury.
Your new motorhome has been equipped with the industry’s highest performance integrated heating/air
conditioning system. While this system is much more powerful than those used in passenger cars, it is, none
the less, not capable of heating and cooling the entire motorhome. This system is designed to provide
windshield defrost and heating and cooling for the front seat occupants only. By following the operating
instructions and tips, this heater/air conditioner will provide many years of comfort and dependable service.
SYSTEM LAYOUT
The heater/air conditioner unit is located beneath the dash on the passenger side of the vehicle with heating
and cooling coils located on the outside of the firewall. In most modes of operation the unit takes fresh air from
outside, and heats or cools it before discharging into the vehicle. Only when operated in the MAX A/C mode
does the system take air from inside the vehicle.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
CONTROL PANEL OPERATION
The control panel enables the driver to control the temperature, volume and direction of the air discharged
from the heating/air conditioning system.
BLOWER CONTROL
One of the best ways of controlling temperature is by changing the speed of the blower. The blower knob (left
of center) provides 4 speeds in any mode except OFF.
TEMPERATURE CONTROL
The center knob controls the temperature of the discharge air. Turn the knob to the right (red area) for warmer
air, and to the left (blue area) for cooler air.
OPERATING FEATURES
The air conditioning system is designed to operate in all modes except VENT, FLOOR and OFF. This provides
significant moisture, dust and pollen removal for enhanced passenger comfort.
The A/C will not function if the outside air temperature is below approximately 40° F.
In the event control vacuum is lost, the system is designed to discharge through the defrost vents.
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Mandalay
AIR DISTRIBUTION – MODE CONTROL
To achieve the maximum comfort in your motorhome, the air must be directed where it is needed. The mode
switch (right of center) gives the driver the ability to select where the air will flow.
MAX A/C
Air is drawn from the passenger compartment (Recirculated Air) and discharged
through the dash louvers. These louvers can be adjusted for maximum comfort.
A/C
Outside air (Fresh Air) is drawn into the system and discharged through the dash
louvers. These louvers can be adjusted for maximum comfort.
VENT
Outside air is drawn into the system and discharged through the dash louvers. For
enhanced passenger comfort, upper-level ventilation air is also discharged through
the defrost opening.
OFF
The blower motor does not operate in this mode. The fresh air inlet door closes,
minimizing outside air infiltration into the vehicle.
Outside air is drawn into the system and discharged through the dash louvers, floor
and defrost outlets. The A/C system operates in BI-LEVEL mode.
Outside air is drawn into the system and discharged through the floor outlets. In
some models a small amount of air is directed to the windshield for defrost. The A/C
system does not operate in FLOOR mode.
Outside air is drawn into the system and discharged through the floor and defrost
outlet. The A/C system operates in MIX mode to provide windshield defogging.
Outside air is drawn into the system and discharged through the defrost outlets. The
A/C system operates in DEFROST mode to provide windshield defogging.
CARE AND SERVICE
Keep the condenser and radiator free of bugs and debris. During periods of little use, operate the A/C
system monthly to keep the compressor lubricated. Periodically inspect belts and hoses for wear and proper
tension.
WINTER OPERATION
The discharge air will heat up faster if the blower is
operated on lower speeds, until the engine is hot.
For windshield de-icing use DEFROST mode.
SUMMER OPERATION Maximum Cooling
Use MAX A/C and HI blower for quick cool down. A
lower blower speed produces cooler air. Close all
windows and vents to hot, humid outside air.
WARRANTY/SERVICE
If repairs are necessary during the terms of the RV warranty, please contact the nearest authorized Mandalay
dealer for service. In the event repairs are necessary during transit, contact Mandalay Customer Service.
NOTE: Unauthorized repairs may void the warranty.
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7-3
FAN SWITCH
!
WARNING: Do not remove the protective cage from the fan. Do not allow anyone to place
fingers or other objects into the protective cages.
The fan switch turns the power on or off to the optional overhead defroster fans. Each fan can be operated
separately with individual switches on each fan if this switch is in the ON position.
ACCESSORY SWITCH
This switch is placed in the dash as a convenience for the owner who wishes to install additional 12 volt
functions to the vehicle. It is wired to the fuse block on the front firewall under the hood.
EMERGENCY START
Holding this switch down while turning the ignition switch may allow the coach battery(s) to be used to start the
engine in the event the automotive battery is low or dead.
This feature is designed to be used momentarily to start the engine. DO NOT hold the switch down for
extended periods of time. Overheating will occur causing serious electrical failure and damage to electrical
components.
HEADLIGHT SWITCHES
The three-position headlight switch controls the instrument, parking, marker, tail and headlights. Rotating the
Rheostat switch controls the brightness of the instrument lights.
WIPERS
Left and right hand wipers are activated by a single control. This control has an intermittent wiper feature.
Windshield washers for both sides are activated by pressing on the center of the wiper control.
NOTE: You should check the level of the washer fluid regularly. Use a washer fluid that is intended for this
purpose to clean better and offer protection from freezing. DO NOT use additives such as radiator anti-freeze
in the washer fluid that might cause damage to either the washer system or the motorhome finish.
NOTE: To prevent possible damage to your windshield or wiper blades, do not operate the wipers when the
windshield is dry.
7-4
Mandalay
GENERATOR REMOTE SWITCH AND HOUR METER
The generator remote switch and hour meter, located on the dash panel, control the remote ON/OFF
operation of the generator. Make sure to read all information on generator operation elsewhere in the owner’s
manual.
CIGARETTE LIGHTER
To use the lighter, press in all the way and let go. It will pop out by itself when it is ready.
NOTE: Do not hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to back
away from the heating element when it’s ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the lighter and the
heating element.
HEATED MIRROR SWITCH
This switch activates optional heaters in each of the outside mirrors that defrost them when required. Turn the
heaters off when the mirrors are defrosted.
POWER MIRROR ADJUSTMENT
The power mirror functions for both left and right hand mirrors are controlled by this single switch. A center
switch is used to select either the left (L) or right (R) hand mirrors. The outer control is used to control the
movement of the mirror selected. Pressing on one of the four sides moves the selected mirror in the direction
indicated by the arrow on that side.
Always adjust mirrors for proper vision before starting and moving the motorhome. Each side is equipped with
both normal and wide angle mirrors for more complete vision.
Steering column controls and functions are also covered in the chassis owner’s manual.
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7-5
7-6
Mandalay
EXTERIOR OPERATIONS
Mandalay
Your new RV from Mandalay offers virtually all the comforts of home while out on the road. These systems are
of the most modern design available, just as the similar systems in your home, however, the RV systems may
be of different design, and construction than those found in your home. The following instructions are for items
that your RV has to offer you. Some items are touched on briefly, for more detailed instructions on particular
items; see the manufacturer’s manual supplied with that item.
ENTRY DOOR
The entry door consists of both an exterior
door and a screen door used for ventilation
when the RV is parked. DO NOT attempt to
drive the RV with the doors open. The doors
may be damaged and it is a safety hazard.
Your entry door is equipped with a movable
latch system. This is designed to keep the
latch from getting into a bind, if you are
parked on an uneven surface, your coach
could become twisted. If this happens it is
possible that your door would be stuck
closed. This movable bolt will keep that from
happening. It is important to always make
sure that the latch is maintained and
working properly. The door has 2 locking
positions; always make sure the door is completely shut before driving the motorhome. When the RV shift
selector is placed in Drive or Reverse the entry door will automatically engage the air lock mechanism. The
lock is a safety feature added to the door to improve the seal around the door. To disengage the lock, place the
shift selector in Neutral and apply the parking brake.
When driving, it is a good idea to keep the door locked to prevent uninvited entrance from the outside when
stopped. Two types of locks are provided with the outer door. The handle lock for normal security and a dead
bolt lock for additional security.
The screen door can be attached to the outer door. A sliding panel on the screen door permits access to the
handle on the outer door to prevent unnecessary handling of both doors. Separate keys are provided for both
types of door locks. It is a good idea to keep a record of the key numbers in a safe place, should it become
necessary to have duplicates made.
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8-1
POWER STEP
!
WARNING: Make sure before exiting the vehicle, that the step is activated and/or extended.
Because of the height of the RV, you may accidentally slip or fall if attempting to exit
without use of the step. If the step will not operate, use extra care when exiting. Never
activate the step when someone is using it, and be sure to keep hands, feet, children, and
pets away from the mechanism when activated.
When the power step is activated, it extends and retracts automatically when the door is opened or closed.
There are two ways to control the operation of the step:
Switch panel-— Power to the step, provided by the chassis batteries, may be turned on and off with the
rocker switch located just inside the door. When on, the step will extend whenever the door is opened, and
retract when the door is closed. The step may be kept in the extended position by turning the switch off after
the step is lowered. To maintain your battery life this switch should be turned off while in storage.
Ignition switch-— Whenever the ignition switch is turned on, the power step is automatically activated. This
will prevent accidentally driving with the step lowered, since it will retract with the door closed.
STORAGE
Your RV is equipped with numerous outside storage compartments. Each door can be locked for security.
These doors are equipped with gas struts to hold the door open, if these become weak, contact your dealer for
proper replacement. If the wrong size strut is used it could cause damage to the door. On compartments under
the slide outs there are adjustable brackets, these will allow the door to open at two different heights. One
position is set up to open the door at a 90º level from the closed position, and the other setting is to open the
door more than 90º from the doors closed position. To adjust the gas struts; loosen the strut anchor nut,
located on the strut bracket, and position the strut in the desired bracket inlet. Tighten the strut anchor nut.
Repeat procedure for the other gas strut as well. Do not close the compartment door until both gas struts are
secure and in the same inlet setting.
Do not overload outside storage compartments with heavy densely
packed items. Remember that any weight added to the RV effects
the overall vehicle weight. Also remember to check side to side
weights, since putting an extremely heavy item on one side or the
other will effect proper load distribution.
Keep any emergency items stored in outside storage
compartments easily available, where they can be reached without
unloading the entire contents of the compartments.
NOTE: Make sure that all compartment doors are closed, latched,
and contents secure before starting and moving the RV.
!
8-2
WARNING: When closing the storage doors make sure that hands and fingers are clear of
hinges and openings
Mandalay
LADDER AND ROOFTOP STORAGE
The ladder located on the rear of the RV is used to gain access to the roof to perform maintenance on the roof
mounted items. Make sure before climbing the ladder, that your shoes are not slippery and that there is no ice
or other slippery substance on the ladder.
!
WARNING: DO NOT climb on or walk on roof when it is wet. The roof could be very slippery,
and cause you to slip and fall causing serious injury.
AWNINGS
The manual awnings that are located on some windows around the RV operate by pulling down on the awning
strap, using the awning rod, to the full extended position. Underneath the window, located on the sidewall, is a
hook used to hold the awning strap while in the open position.
Awnings located on the top of the slide-outs will open and close automatically with the movement of the
slide-out housing.
If your RV comes equipped with automatic awnings, there are a few important things to remember. Read all
instructions supplied by the awning manufacturer. The control buttons are located just inside the entry door.
To extend and retract the awning all you have to do is push a button. The main purpose of the awning is to
protect you from the sun, not from rain, wind, or snow. If threatening weather approaches, you need to retract
all awnings. If the awnings are rolled up wet, open them back up as soon as possible to allow them to dry.
GENERATOR SLIDE
Your generator is located at the front of your RV. To gain access
to the generator there is an automatic slide that will extend out for
access and retract for storage. The switch for this is located on
the dash. Before operating this feature, make sure that you have
plenty of room in front of your RV to allow for the slide tray to
extend; otherwise it could cause damage to the slide or
fiberglass cover.
IMPORTANT: MAKE SURE TO READ AND UNDERSTAND
THE GENERATOR OWNER’S MANUAL BEFORE
OPERATING THE GENERATOR. Observe all warnings and
cautions, as well as all recommended maintenance schedules
and procedures. The fuel supply for the generator comes from your main fuel tank for your RV.
There are two locations from which you can start your generator. One is at the control panel on the generator
itself, while the other is located on the dash in the driver cockpit area.
The generator comes with a standard fuel safety feature that will engage when the RV fuel tank reaches
approximately ¼ of a tank. When engaged, the generator will not run until the fuel tank has been filled. After
filling the tank the safety feature automatically disengages allowing normal operation of the generator.
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8-3
GENERATOR SAFETY
There are several warnings and precautions that should be observed when using the generator. MAKE SURE
to read all warnings and cautions in the generator operator’s manual before operating or attempting repairs on
the generator.
1.
Never store anything in the generator compartment. Always keep compartment clean and dry.
2.
Review the safety precautions for fuel and exhaust fumes elsewhere in this manual.
3.
DO NOT operate the generator while sleeping. You would not be aware of exhaust entering the RV, or
alert to symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning.
4.
DO NOT operate the generator when the RV is parked in high grass or brush. Heat from the exhaust
could cause a fire in dry conditions.
5.
Never operate your chassis or generator engine, or the engine of any vehicle, longer than necessary
when the vehicle is parked.
6.
DO NOT simultaneously operate generator and a ventilator which could result in the entry of exhaust
gas. When exhaust ventilators are used, we recommend that a window on the opposite side of the unit
“up wind” of exhaust gases be opened to provide cross ventilation.
7.
When parked, orient the vehicle so that the wind will carry the exhaust away from the vehicle. DO NOT
open nearby windows, ventilators, or doors into the passenger compartment, particularly those which
can be “down wind”, even part of the time.
8.
DO NOT operate the generator when parked, so that vegetation, snow, buildings, vehicles, or any
other object could deflect the exhaust under or into the vehicle.
9.
DO NOT touch the generator when running, or immediately after shutting off. Heat from the generator
can cause burns. Allow the generator to cool before attempting maintenance or service.
8-4
Mandalay
RALLY KIT COMPARTMENT
Your rally kit compartment has many different functions that will be used during your travels. For your
convenience we have located most of the external accessories in one easy to use compartment. In this
compartment you will find your power cord, water fill, termination valves, telephone and cable hook up, low
point drain, exterior shower, and other personal hygiene items.
8 9
5
1
2
3
4
7
6
17
10
18
11
16
15
14
13
12
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Paper Towel Holder - Holds paper towel rolls to assist with cleanup.
Coax Cable Hook-up - When available, provides cable and/or satellite to interior of RV.
Phone Jack Hook-up - Supplies phone service to RV interior when available.
110 volt Outlets
No Fuss Flush - Attach water hose to fitting to assist with black tank drainage.
City/Fresh Tank Water Fill Valve - Two way directional valve which controls city water flow
between filling the fresh water tank and direct interior usage.
7. 50 amp Shore Cord Harness
8. Water Pump Switch - Provides power to water pump.
9. Baggage Compartment Light Switch - Provides power to 12 volt compartment light.
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8-5
10. 12 volt Compartment Light - Manual ON/OFF light that provides light to service bay.
11. 50 Amp Shore Cord Access Hatch - Allows service bay door to completely shut when connected to
50 amp service.
12. Gray Tank Dump Valve - Pull T-handle to dump waste water from the gray tank.
13. Sewer Hose access Hatch - When dumping, run sewer hose through access hatch.
14. Sewer Hose Hook-up - Attach sewer hose to this fitting to assist with drainage.
15. Black Tank Dump Valve - Pull T-handle out to dump solid waste from the black tank.
16. Fresh Tank Drain Valve - Turn handle to the left to drain excess water from the fresh tank.
17. Exterior Shower - Provides hot or cold water to the exterior of the RV.
18. Hand Soap Dispenser - For easy clean-up convenience fill soap dispenser with hand soap for use
after handling sewer hose and drain caps.
8-6
Mandalay
WATER AND DRAINAGE
Mandalay
GENERAL INFORMATION
Your new RV plumbing system has the dual ability to be self-contained with onboard storage, or use facilities
provided by an external pressurized source. In either case, the components of the system operate like those in
your home. Components of the plumbing system consist of strong, lightweight, corrosion-resistance materials
that provide long life, and easy cleaning. By following the instructions outlined here, you can expect efficient
operation with a minimum of maintenance.
FRESH WATER SYSTEM
Fresh water is provided from an external pressurized source, or from the fresh water storage tank.
EXTERNAL HOOKUP
Water provided from outside the RV is pressurized by the system from which it is delivered. When you connect
the RV to an outside source, the fresh water tank and water pump are kept separate from the remainder of the
system by in-line check valves.
To attach the RV to an outside source of water:
1.
Run a clean water hose thru the porthole in the bottom of the rally kit compartment.
2.
Attach one end to water supply and the other end into the city water connection inside the rally kit
3.
Turn lever on the bypass valve to the city water position
4.
Turn the outside source on. Open various faucets in the RV gradually to clear the air from the lines.
Close the faucets when the water flows freely.
NOTE: Do not turn the water pump on when using water from an external supply.
FRESH WATER TANK
When an outside source of water is unavailable, water can be drawn from the fresh water storage tank for use
in the RV. To fill fresh water tank proceed as follows.
1.
Attach a clean water hose to the inlet inside the rally kit area, and an outside water supply.
2.
Turn the lever on the bypass valve to the fresh tank position.
3.
Begin filling your tank.
4.
When tank is full turn off water supply.
!
WARNING: Never leave your hose unattended while you are filling your fresh tank.
NOTE: There is an overflow line that will drain unto the ground if you get the tank too full. Always fill
the tank with clean drinkable water from a known safe source. Also always fill the system with a hose
that you know is clean, and is used only for this purpose.
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9-1
WATER PUMP
The self contained water system is a demand only system. This means the system must be pressurized. A
self-priming 12volt DC pump is provided to handle this function. This means that the water pump will run
whenever there is a need for water. If the pump runs when all faucets are closed, there may be a leak in the
system. If this happens turn the pump off, and have the systems checked by a qualified service center.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
When initially starting up the self contained water system, follow this procedure:
Make sure the tank is filled with water
Open all the faucets in the RV, both hot and cold.
Place the pump control switch to the ON position.
Allow time for the hot water tank to fill. Shut off each faucet as the flow becomes steady and free of air.
When the last faucet is shut off, the pump should also shut off
The system is now ready for use.
NOTE: When filling the system, you may want to add additional water to the tank to replace the water used
when filling the hot water tank and water lines.
When traveling, you may want to drain the tank, or keep the quantity of water to a minimum. This reduces the
total weight of the RV for travel. Make sure when draining the tank, that the water pump has been turned off.
The fresh water tank valve is located in the rally kit area in the bottom by the fresh water tank. Water in the tank
can be drained by turning the drain cock to the open position. When trying to drain entire onboard fresh water
system, make sure to open faucets, water heater drain, and system low point drains to remove all fresh water
from the system. When systems is finished draining, be sure to close all drains before filling again.
SANITIZING THE FRESH WATER SYSTEM
Sanitize the system before initial use, after extended periods of non-use, at least once a year during
continuous use, and whenever there is suspicion that the system has been contaminated.
To sanitize the system, use the following procedure:
1.
Prepare a chlorine solution using a gallon of water and ¼ cup of liquid household bleach (5 % sodium
hypo chlorinate solution). Use 1 gallon of solution for each 15 gallons of tank capacity.
2.
With tank empty, and all faucets and drains closed, pour the solution into the fresh water tank.
3.
Complete filling the tank with water.
4.
Switch on the water pump. Open all faucets one at a time until all air is purged, and the water flows
freely.
5.
Again add water to the tank until it is full.
6.
Allow the system to stand undisturbed for a few hours (at least three).
7.
Drain the system by opening all faucets, and the fresh water tank drain valve, while flushing the
system with water of drinking quality.
8.
Continue flushing the system, allowing the water to flow for several minutes.
9.
Close the tank valve and faucets. Refill the system with water of known drinking quality.
NOTE: A slight chlorine taste may linger. If this is objectionable, mix a solution of 1 quart vinegar to 5 gallons of
water and add to the tank. Let stand for 3 hours and then flush the system again.
9-2
Mandalay
MONITOR PANEL
The monitor panel allows you to quickly check the levels in the fresh water and waste water tanks. Electrical
sensors at various points on the tanks send signals to the monitor panel. To check fluid levels, press and hold
the test switch designated for the tanks, and read the level indicators on the panel. The indicator is
proportioned in quarters with each light being lit up to the level that the tank contains.
Sometimes, residue on the sides of a tank, or water with a low mineral content will give a false reading. Check
the levels occasionally when you are sure of a tank’s contents to double check the accuracy of the monitor
panel.
LIGHT INDICATORS:
Red - Full
Yellow - ½ Full
Green - Empty
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9-3
Common Field Problems
1.
2.
3.
4.
Inaccurate holding tank level readings
Some or all holding tank level lights not coming on
Some or all holding tank level lights continuously on
LP gas levels not reading properly
Inaccurate Holding Tank Level Readings
The accuracy of two wire holding tank monitoring systems can be adversely affected by dirty tanks, unusual
mineral content in the water, or improper holding tank probe location. These conditions can cause the
monitoring system to have oversensitive (read higher than actual level) or under sensitive (read lower than
actual level) readings.
Oversensitive readings: Oversensitive readings can occur as a result of scum buildup on the tank walls,
abnormally high mineral content in the water, or incorrectly located holding tank probes. In these situations,
the monitoring system indicates higher levels than are actually present in the holding tank. Certain cleaning
products and food by-products can build up on the inside walls of the holding tanks, producing a layer of scum
that can cause the monitoring system to read higher than the actual level. To correct this problem, the holding
tanks should be cleaned periodically (consult dealer for cleaning instructions). If the problem persists after
cleaning the holding tank, the ground probe can be moved farther away from the other tank probes. The
increased distance between the ground probe and the other probes will decrease the sensitivity of the
monitoring systems.
Under sensitive readings: Under sensitive readings can occur if the mineral content of the water is
abnormally low or if the holding tank probes are located incorrectly. In this case, the monitoring system
indicates lower levels than are actually present in the holding tank. This problem can be corrected by moving
the ground probe closer to the other probes. Moving the ground probe closer increases the sensitivity of the
monitoring system.
The Ventline Adjustaboard™: In response to requests from the field for a means to adjust monitor sensitivity
without relocating holding tank probes, Ventline has developed the Ventline Adjustaboard™ (patent pending).
This adjustable circuit board allows for field adjustments to monitor sensitivity. As tank conditions or water
mineral content changes, the monitor circuitry may be made more or less sensitive as required.
WASTE WATER SYSTEM
The waste water system in your RV can be described as two separate systems. A gray water system that
consist of the drain lines and holding tank for waste water from the sink and tub, and a black water system
which includes the holding tank and drain for toilet waste. In some cases the bathroom lavatory may drain into
the black tank. Each system is self contained, and allows disposal of waste at designated dump stations at
your convenience.
Components of the gray water system have drain traps, and both tanks are vented to equalize air pressure and
disperse odors caused by drain water and wastes outside. Sometimes, the rocking movement of the RV while
driving may empty the drain traps of their water, and allow the odors of the gray water tank to come into the
coach. Residue in the drain water lines can also produce odors. To combat gray water holding tank odors, an
approved deodorizing agent should be used. An agent that dissolves grease and fats and contains a detergent
will help keep tank drain lines clean and free-flowing.
9-4
Mandalay
HOLDING TANKS
Both holding tanks are located under the bathroom area. The drain valves are located in the rally kit
compartment on the driver side of the RV.
Each tank has a separate drain line and dump valve, which permits dumping tanks individually or together.
Each tank should be emptied often at a dump station designated for this purpose. Most national, state, and
private campgrounds have dumping facilities. Many have hookups on the campsite, while some have portable
dump collectors. Many service stations, particularly along interstate highways, also have these facilities. Many
campground directories list dumping station locations across the nation.
If possible, dump holding tanks before a trip, to reduce the gross weight of the vehicle. Enough water should be
kept in the black water tank to cover the bottom, to prevent hardening of any residue that may remain.
Do not dump black water tank until it reaches ¾ full. This practice makes sure that enough water is in the tank
to flush all waste into sewer lines. If necessary, fill tank to the ¾ mark with additional water before draining.
Never put anything into the holding tanks other then normal drain water, waste, and biodegradable products.
Paper wrappers, gum, cigarettes, etc., no matter how small they might be, should never be placed into either
the gray or black tanks.
NOTE: It is important to note that harmful and toxic materials can accumulate if the holding tanks are not
regularly drained and thoroughly rinsed. It is also important to use holding tank deodorizing and cleaning
agents in the waste water tanks to reduce odors and keep the lines open and free-flowing.
TO EMPTY THE HOLDING TANKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove the sewer drain hose from its storage compartment inside of the rally kit compartment.
Remove the cap from the vehicle sewage drain, and connect the drain hose to it.
Attach the other end of the flexible drain line to the dump station inlet. Make sure both ends of the
flexible drain lines are securely attached.
Drain the black tank first, by pulling the termination valve handle toward you. Make sure to allow
sufficient time for the tank to completely drain, and then rinse the tank with several gallons of water by
flushing the stool. Close the valve on the stool and let it fill before releasing the tank. This creates
additional force to flush the tank more completely.
Drain the gray water tank by pulling the termination valve handle toward you. Draining the gray water
tank last, with its soapy water helps to further rinse the drain and flexible hose.
When tanks are emptied, close termination valves by pushing handles back to the closed position.
Remove flexible drain hose and wash it thoroughly with clean water. Remove the other end from the
dump station inlet, and replace it in the storage compartment. Secure the sewer hose storage cover,
and replace the caps on both the RV outlet and the dump station inlet.
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9-5
The following guidelines will help to ensure trouble free operation:
1.
Never put anything in the blank water tank other than toilet paper specifically for RV systems.
2.
Do not put automotive antifreeze, household toilet cleaners or drain cleaners, or any solid material
into the waste water system.
3.
Always use chemicals in the black water system that are made especially for this purpose.
4.
When cleaning components of the waste water system, use cleaners made for RV systems.
5.
Always keep the drain cap in place, and termination valves closed.
6.
After every third time the holding tanks are emptied, fill and flush both tanks with clean fresh water a
couple of times to keep them clear and clean.
NOTE: If connecting to a campsite sewer inlet, DO NOT open termination valves until tanks are ¾ full. DO
NOT keep black water valve open while parked. Wastes are NOT flushed directly into the sewer system. Only
liquid waste is drained, therefore, water must accumulate, and chemicals in tank need time to break down
solids before they can be released. If draining gray water tank directly into sewer inlet while parked, make sure
to close termination valve for a period of time before leaving, allow some water to accumulate in tank to use for
flushing drain line and flexible hose.
NOTE: Always remember to clean up the dumpsite before leaving. NEVER empty your holding tanks directly
on the ground, a roadway, river or stream.
DO NOT POLLUTE.
FAUCETS
The faucets in your recreational vehicle have been designed to be economically practical faucets that can be
both beautiful and durable. The one-piece plated faucet shield is put through extensive treatments to produce
a surface finish which will maintain its lustrous beauty throughout many years of use.
The patented design eliminates washer wear – the common cause of leaking. Should your faucet develop a
leak it is most likely caused by debris in the water line causing improper seating of the stem tip; or as a result of
the handle stop being misaligned.
Refer to the faucet owner’s manual supplied with your recreational vehicle for specific maintenance and
service instructions and a phone number for service.
9-6
Mandalay
TOILET
The Thetford toilet installed in your recreational vehicle is connected to the pressurized fresh water system.
There are two flush modes available, controlled by the mode selector switch located at the back of the toilet.
Up is user control/water saver mode and down is residential mode. For residential mode touch the large
button once and walk away. For user control mode hold down large button for as long as you’d like to flush.
Unnecessary frequent flushing of the stool will quickly deplete your fresh water supply and fill your holding
tank. If the black water tank becomes full, you will no longer be able to flush the stool until the tank can be
drained.
Follow the toilet manufacturer’s recommendations supplied in back of this book.
WATER SYSTEM WINTERIZATION
If you intend to store your RV through periods of subfreezing weather in an unheated environment, it will be
necessary to winterize the water system. Damage to water system components will result if proper
winterization steps are not taken.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Level the unit for good system drainage.
Drain the waste water tanks as previously outlined.
Turn the water pump switch off.
Open all faucets, and the water heater drain.
Open low point drains on the water lines.
Drain the fresh water tank.
Blow the water lines out using compressed air (through the city water hook up not to exceed 60 PSI).
When all lines are drained, close water tank valve, water heater drain, and low point drains on water
lines.
Fill the fresh water tank with a non-toxic antifreeze solution per the product directions.
Turn on the water pump, and allow the winterizing solution to circulate and fill the system.
Close each faucet as solution flows freely from it. This also includes the water line to toilet.
Turn off the water pump.
Before using the system again in warmer weather, completely flush the systems with water, flush the toilet,
and sanitize the entire fresh water system. When using the RV during cold weather, and water in a tank or
drain line should happen to freeze, you should take immediate steps to thaw it before damage to the system
occurs. DO NOT continue to use the water system components if such a condition exists. If damage has
occurred, make sure to have it repaired before using again.
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9-7
WATER SYSTEM, MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
As with any mechanical system, your plumbing is subject to the development of problems. Most of these
problems can be greatly reduced if not altogether eliminated by following a schedule of planned inspections
and maintenance. Neglect of proper maintenance procedures is the usual cause of most water system
problems.
Road vibrations and shocks, as well as excessive pressure from some city water sources are the main
physical causes of water system damage. It is important to inspect all plumbing joints and fittings often for
cracks and leaks. Water leaking from a plumbing joint can cause considerable damage if left unchecked.
A leak in the fresh water system should be suspected whenever the pump is running and all faucets and valves
are closed. When the leaking fitting has been identified, attempt to stop the leak by tightening. DO NOT over
tighten. Plastic fittings rarely need to be tightened with a wrench. If these fittings leak after being tightened by
hand, disconnect the fitting and check for dirt, scale, or other foreign substance which may be causing the
leak. Clean the fitting thoroughly and reinstall. If leaking persists, shut off the water supply until the fitting can
be properly replaced. Check with your dealer for correct method of replacement, and replacement parts.
Proper winterization procedures of plumbing systems will normally be all that is necessary to prevent the
damage caused by freezing. Freezing damage can harm any component of the system, including the water
tanks, toilet, pump, and all piping. Be sure to follow the winterization procedures outlined in this manual. Also
be sure to discuss any additional precautions that should be taken to winterize your water systems with your
dealer. Local climates vary; and winter maintenance needs may be affected.
Be sure to read the literature supplied with plumbing components, such as the pump, for troubleshooting tips.
Also remember that it is possible for an electrical problem to cause water system problems. Lack of power to
the pump can be caused by a variety of reasons. If you are unsure of how to locate and/or repair a plumbing
problem, contact your dealer.
9-8
Mandalay
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Mandalay
GENERAL INFORMATION
The electrical power supply provided for the RV is a dual system, operating with 110 volt AC and/or 12 volt DC.
The 110 volt power may be provided by either connecting the RV to an outside power source when parked, or
by use of a RV generator. When the 110 volt system is operational, power also passes through a system
inverter, allowing the full use of all 12 volt functions in the RV.
110 volt appliances in the RV include the refrigerator, ice maker, air conditioning, TV & VCR, microwave oven,
inverter, washer/dryer, hot water heater, and some lights. The refrigerator and water heater also have the
option to run on LP gas when 110 volt is not available. All other lights and functions are supplied with 12 volt
power.
When it is not possible to access 110 volt power, the 12 volt system functions can be supplied by the coach
batteries. The chassis battery is protected by a battery isolator controller to prevent discharge from excessive
electrical consumption when motorhome is not running. The coach batteries are recharged by the power
inverter when the RV is attached to an outside 110 volt power source, or by the generator when it is running,
and by the chassis alternator when the chassis engine is running.
CONNECTING TO AN OUTSIDE POWER SOURCE
A 50 amp shoreline power cord is provided to attach the RV to a grounded power source. The electric utility
service connection is located on the driver’s side of the RV in the rally kit compartment. There is a porthole in
the bottom of the compartment to allow the power cord to be hooked up and the door to be closed. Never use a
two wire extension cord, a cheater adapter with the ground pin removed, or put a lower amperage plug on your
power cord in place of the molded plug. It would be a wise idea to carry a voltage meter with you to insure the
power source is putting out the proper voltage and that it is properly grounded before plugging your RV into it.
!
!
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WARNING: Connecting power cord to a non-grounded or improperly grounded power
source can result in a dangerous and possibly fatal electric shock. Because of the potential
danger in failing to heed this warning, the RV manufacturer cannot be responsible should
damage, injury, or death result from failure to connect the power cord to a properly
grounded power source.
CAUTION: If shore power service is limited to 15 or 20 Amps, use of light duty extension
cords and electrical adapters will create a voltage loss through the cord and at each
electrical connection. Line voltage loss and the resistance at each electrical connection
can be a hazardous combination. Damage to sensitive electronic equipment may result!
10-1
CIRCUIT BREAKERS
The 110 volt system is protected by circuit breakers which automatically shut the circuit off if the circuit load is
too heavy, or a short circuit occurs. If a circuit breaker has been tripped, do not reset the breaker until the
cause of the problem is identified and corrected.
The generator also has one or two circuit breakers, and a DC fuse on the generator control panel. If an
interruption in generator operations occurs, check to see if any of these have been tripped. Consult the
manuals provided with the generator before attempting maintenance on the generator.
NOTE: Some electrical appliances may have their own circuit breakers. If there is an interruption in electrical
service of an appliance, consult the manual for that appliance to determine what action to take.
GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER
The 110 volt outlet in the bath is equipped with a protective circuit interrupter. The ground fault circuit
interrupter (GFCI) is designed to break the flow of current to the protected outlet when an imbalance of current
is detected. Imbalances include electrical leakage in an appliance such as a shaver or hair dryer that have
developed a weak spot in electrical insulation. The possibility of electrocution exists when using a faulty
appliance, while at the same time being in contact with an electrical ground such as water, plumbing, or the
earth.
If an imbalance is detected, the GFCI will trip and shut off power to the outlet. Even with GFCI protection, the
electrical shock will still be felt, but to a lesser degree.
It also does not protect against short circuits or system overloads. Circuit breakers in the main panel which
supply power to the circuit, will trip if either of these conditions exist.
The GFCI receptacle should be tested initially when the RV is purchased and at least monthly thereafter.
To test the circuit, use the following procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
!
10-2
Make sure power is on to the circuit. A test light or a 110 lamp will work.
Push the test button.
The red reset button should pop out.
All power should be interrupted to outlets that are protected by the GFCI.
Verify by plugging in a light at these outlets, and pushing in the reset button. If the red reset button
does not pop out after pushing the test button, or GFCI circuit continues to trip, or if the power is not
interrupted to the test light, immediately turn off power at the circuit breaker panel and have a qualified
electrician check it out.
WARNING: Even with the GFCI protection, persons with heart or other health problems
may still be seriously affected by an electrical shock. The GFCI outlet is not a substitute for
good electrical safety. It does not protect against contact of the hot and neutral wire at the
same time.
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POWER INVERTER
The inverter converts 12 volt electrical current
from the coach batteries into 110 volt electrical
current when an exterior power source such as,
shore power or the generator, are not available
for use. The inverter will supply power at a 110
volt level until the coach batteries are completely
discharged or another power source becomes
available.
The inverter creates heat while running and
needs plenty of ventilation to run properly. Do
not store items on or around the inverter. The
inverter will also make an audible humming
noise while operating.
Please see manufacturer instructions for further information and instructions.
BATTERY ISOLATOR CONTROLLER
When the motorhome engine is not running, the chassis and coach batteries are kept separated from each
other within the electrical system through the use of an isolating controller. The controller prevents the coach
batteries from discharging the chassis battery when the motorhome is parked. Some additional characteristics
of the isolator system include:
1.
Delays connecting the coach batteries to the charging system for approx. 15 sec. to allow the
alternator time to reach full charging ability.
2.
When the alternator reaches full charging ability, the isolator will electrically connect the coach and
chassis batteries together for charging.
3.
4.
If the charging voltage drops below 12 volts for a period of 4 seconds due to low idol speed and/or
excessive load, the isolator will disconnect the coach batteries until the voltage returns to a level of
13.3 volts for about 10 seconds.
In the event the automotive battery is low or fully discharged, it will be necessary to press and hold the
aux. start button located on the dash. By pressing the aux. start button, power from the coach
batteries will assist with starting the RV.
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10-3
BATTERY DISCONNECT SWITCHES
The battery disconnect switches allow you to easily disconnect the
coach and chassis batteries from electrical circuits, preventing
unwanted discharge during short periods of non-use. For long periods
of non-use: Walk through the RV and manually shut off all 12 volt
powered items by their independent power switch, then turn the coach
and chassis disconnect switches to the off position. The coach switch is
mounted in an overhead cabinet above the passenger seat. The
chassis switch is located within the battery compartment.
There are three main uses for the battery disconnect switches
1.
Prevent unwanted discharge of batteries during extended periods of storage
2.
Prevent shorts or fire hazards while working on the 12 volt electrical system
3.
Can help protect the batteries in the case of overcharging.
When activating, place the switch for the desired battery system in the ON position. This battery system will
now be operational.
The disconnect switches must be in the on position while plugged into shoreline power to charge the batteries.
Place the coach switch in the OFF position to disconnect 12 volt circuits.
NOTE: It is not necessary or advisable to use the battery disconnect switches as a substitute for turning off the
various 12 volt applications available in the motorhome.
NOTE: If 12 volt functions are not working, be sure to check that the battery disconnect switch has been placed
in the ON position.
BATTERY CHARGING
The inverter also operates as a battery charger when it is connected to a 110V power source. If the battery is
below its full charge, the inverter charger will begin operation at a rate that reflects the level of discharge. When
the battery is again fully charged, the inverter charger drops its charge level back to a maintenance level to
keep the battery fully charged.
If for any reason you charge a battery with a source outside the RV, make sure to follow the rules of battery
maintenance and safety outlined in this section. Also observe these additional safety precautions related to
battery charging.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
10-4
Disconnect the battery from the RV.
Check electrolyte before charging. Be sure that each cell is properly filled with distilled water.
Make sure to use care when connecting and disconnecting the cables from charger. A poor
connection can cause an electrical arc, which can result in an explosion.
Remove the battery vent caps before charging, and make sure that the electrolyte does not splash out
as a result of charging to quickly.
Check literature supplied by the battery manufacturer, and follow warnings or cautions outlined.
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BATTERY MAINTENANCE
The batteries for your motorhome are located on the
driver side in a rear storage compartment
designated for the batteries. This compartment is
sealed and ventilated for the proper storage of
batteries.
It is important to make sure that the batteries are
kept charged. Take time to turn off all lights or other
12 volt functions when not in use. Connect the RV to
a 110 volt power supply when possible, instead of
draining the batteries.
The charge condition of the batteries can be
checked with the monitor panel. To check, press and hold monitor test switch while reading the charge level on
the battery gauge. Charge levels indicated are divided into sections from weak through fully charged.
Battery maintenance is important. Checking the condition of a battery at regular intervals will help insure its
proper operation. Here are some recommendations for checking and servicing batteries.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Keep the battery mounted securely. Vibrations cause early failure of many batteries.
Check the electrolyte level of the batteries at regular intervals.
Keep the battery terminals clean.
Check the outside of the battery for cracks. If you find cracks replace the battery.
Watch for overcharging.
Make sure the battery hold downs and carrier are kept clean and free of corrosion.
When removing a battery, disconnect the battery ground terminal first. When installing a battery, always
connect the grounded terminal last.
When a battery needs to be replaced, make sure to replace it with a battery of the same characteristics as the
original equipment. Consult your dealer for advice on battery replacement.
NOTE: The coach battery disconnect must be in the on position in order to charge the batteries.
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10-5
BATTERY SAFETY
ALWAYS WEAR SAFETY GLASSES WHEN WORKING WITH BATTERIES
!
!
WARNING: BATTERIES CAN EXPLODE! Do not smoke or expose any battery to electric
sparks or flame. Batteries when charging or discharging generate hydrogen. Hydrogen and
air is a very explosive mixture.
!
WARNING: Before doing ANY work on electrical systems, disconnect battery cable and the
110 volt power cord. Do not reconnect the cables until all work has been completed. This
will avoid the possibility of shorting or causing damage to electrical components or shock
to the servicing person.
!
WARNING: Battery electrolyte is a corrosive, poisonous, sulfuric acid. Avoid contact with
skin, eyes, clothing, or any painted surface.
WARNING: Do not short across the battery terminals. The spark could ignite the gases. Do
not wear metal jewelry or a watch when working on a battery.
12 VOLT FUSES
INTERIOR 12 VOLT SYSTEM
A 12V DC distribution panel is located next to the 110V circuit breakers. The panel contains circuits with
replaceable fuses for protection of RV 12V lines. If any line is loaded beyond the capacity of its fuse, the fuse
will “blow”. A portion of the 12V load on the line must be turned off to reduce the total load on the line to a level
below the capacity of the fuse. Replace the fuse with the same size fuse. DO NOT replace with larger fuse than
indicated.
If the reduction of load on the line does not stop
the “blowing” of the fuse, there may be a “short”
somewhere along the 12V line, or at a non-fused
12V component on the line. Check the 12V line
and any components along the line. Locate the
“short” and take necessary steps to repair it. If
you cannot locate the problem, have a qualified
electrician check it out.
It is a good idea to keep additional fuses on hand
in the RV. Replacement fuses are available at
most service stations, hardware and automotive
supply stores. Remember that the replacement
fuse must be the same amperage rating as the
original.
10-6
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AUTOMOTIVE 12 VOLT SYSTEM
The primary point to keep in mind about the unit’s 12V system is that the automotive chassis alternator
supplies power to both the automotive systems as well as any coach battery and directly to the RV living
quarters while the vehicle’s motor is running. Thus, of primary concern to you is the condition of the vehicle’s
electrical system and especially the alternator.
The alternator compensates for electrical usage in the vehicle…the power drawn by the appliances, lights,
fans and other 12V powered items as well as the charging of the automotive and coach batteries.
If the alternator isn’t keeping pace with the draw on the unit’s electrical system, while driving down the road, it
means you are working in a negative mode: more power is being used than the unit is putting out.
This means that you are taking power out of the batteries. If you draw too much power from the batteries there
may not be enough power left in the battery to start the RV or run any of the appliances when you stop for a
break or for the night.
So, always be aware of the alternator’s output. Also check the monitor panel frequently to see that the coach
batteries are at full charge. To insure an accurate reading, utilize a 12 volt tester on the batteries.
The alternator will charge at a higher rate right after the vehicle has been started, replacing the power that was
used to start the vehicle, but the charging should quickly go back to “normal” and hold its own even when you
turn on lights or appliances.
When stopped at a campsite that allows you the use of the shoreline, the 120V electrical system will recharge
your coach battery.
When checking coach battery condition, turn on several interior lights to place a load on the battery. Under
heavy usage in warm weather, check the fluid level of the batteries often. Low battery fluid level is very harmful
to the battery’s longevity.
If the alternator shows a discharge while the motor is running, turn off appliances or lights to see if a charge
comes on or if the alternator indicates not charging. Then apply a drain on the system to see if a discharge
returns. If a discharge persists, contact your dealer.
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10-7
10-8
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LP GAS SYSTEM
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WARNING: LP-Gas is highly volatile and extremely
explosive. Do not use matches or a flame to test for
leaks. Use only approved LP-Gas leak testing solution for leak detection. Unapproved
solutions can damage copper tubing and brass fittings. Never attempt to adjust LP-Gas
regulators. Only qualified personnel should perform any maintenance or repair to the
LP-Gas system.
GENERAL INFORMATION
The liquid petroleum (LP) gas system in your recreational vehicle furnishes the fuel for cooking, heating, and
hot water. LP gas can also be used as an alternate energy source for refrigeration. LP gas is a clean, efficient,
safe form of energy when proper handling and safety precautions are observed. It enables you to enjoy a
comfortable lifestyle where other forms of energy are not easily utilized.
The gas is stored under extreme pressure in the tank, with space in the tank to allow for expansion into vapor.
This vapor is reduced in pressure by passing through a regulator. This reduction in pressure is a two step
process which assures consistent pressure for use, regardless of outside temperatures, weather, or altitude.
Your LP system is designed to accept either propane or butane. However, since butane vaporizes at about 32
degree F, it can only be used in areas where you can be sure of higher temperatures. Propane vaporizes at
approximately –40 degree F. There are different blends of propane and butane available, which will vary in the
temperature at which it vaporizes. When filling your tank, select an LP gas that has a boiling point of about 40
degrees lower than temperatures you expect to travel in. Talk to your dealer or your local LP gas supplier
about what you should be using.
NOTE: Even though the tank is equipped with an automatic 80% shut-off which prevents overfilling beyond
80% tank capacity, it is a good idea to have the supplier monitor the 20% liquid gauge, and stop the filling
process if liquid does appear.
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11-1
FILLING THE LP GAS TANK
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Before entering the LP gas bulk plant or service station, make sure all pilot lights are extinguished.
Shut off gas to all appliances by closing the LP gas main shut off valve.
Extinguish open flames and smoking materials.
Never remove the LP gas tank from the motorhome. Always drive the motorhome to the gas supplier
to fill.
Have the supplier connect the fill nozzle to your tank fill connection.
Always remember to close the supply valve, and open the 20% liquid level valve.
Never use a wrench to close the service valve or 20% gauge. If when closing by hand, leaking occurs,
have the valve repaired or replace.
Drive at least one mile from the LP supplier before relighting pilot lights or appliances. This will allow
any minimal leakage which occurred while filling the tank to dissipate. DO NOT light pilot lights if you
continue to smell LP gas. Shut off the Supply Valve. Allow the recreational vehicle to ventilate for 30
minutes. If you still detect LP gas odor, have the source of the leak located and repaired.
Never use any other tank than the one furnished with your recreational vehicle. If the tank must be replaced,
check with your dealer for correct tank specifications and replacement procedure.
!
WARNING: Make sure that the tank is not filled beyond the 80% liquid level. If the tank has
been overfilled, make sure the LP supplier bleeds out the excess. Overfilling the LP gas
container does not allow for the necessary 20% vapor expansion space that can result in
uncontrolled gas flow which can cause fire or explosion.
!
WARNING: Make sure the tank service valve is accessible at all times. In an emergency, it
may be necessary to shut off the valve quickly.
LP TANK COMPARTMENT
11-2
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LP GAS REGULATOR
The regulator reduces the pressure of the LP gas vapor from the pressure in the tank, to the pressure required
for use at the appliances. This reduction in pressure is performed by a two-stage regulator. Two regulators are
used in the same body to reduce the pressure of the LP gas in the tank for use by the appliances in the
recreational vehicle. The regulator seldom requires service, but it should always be protected from the
elements and extremes of hot and cold.
The high pressure regulator (first stage) is used to reduce the pressure to approximately 10 to 13 PSI before
sending it along to the low pressure regulator (second stage). This second stage regulator reduces the
pressure further to 11 inches water column, or 6.35 ounces per square inch.
The two stages regulator does not have to work as hard since the second stage receives consistent pressure
rather than inlet pressure which varies. The result is an efficient safer system that helps to eliminate problems
such as freeze up and pilot outages.
The regulator has been preset by the manufacturer of the regulator, and adjustment should not be necessary.
If adjustment should be required however, DO NOT attempt to adjust it yourself. Adjustment must be made
with special equipment by a qualified LP gas service technician.
Have the regulator checked annually, or whenever you suspect a problem. The correct line pressure should be
6 ¼ oz. or 11 inches of water column.
Because air is required for proper operation of the regulator, it is very important that the regulator vent is kept
clean and free of dirt and debris. This is why it is necessary to keep the vent facing downward and the regulator
covered to protect if from contamination. A toothbrush can be used to clean the vent if it becomes clogged by
foreign matter.
During cold weather, it is important to keep ice from forming in the regulator, which will shut off the flow to LP
gas to your appliances. Have the supplier add a hydrous Methanol when filling your tank for use during cold
weather.
Regulator freeze-up can occur in any weather if there is moisture in the tank, or if the tank has been overfilled.
Always use moisture-free LP gas, and make sure the tank has not been filled beyond 80% of capacity. If
moisture has entered the tank, have the tank purged, or have hydrous methanol added by an authorized LP
supplier.
If you believe a regulator has been damaged or otherwise is not functioning, have it replaced by a competent
serviceman.
!
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WARNING: Never alter the positioning of the regulator. LP gas regulators must always be
installed with the diaphragm vent facing downward. Also make sure to keep the regulator
cover in place to minimize vent blockage which could result in excessive gas pressure
causing fire or explosion. Do not rely upon being able to smell LP gas leaks, as the odor
may not be sufficiently strong to detect.
11-3
REGULATOR FREEZE-UP
The term regulator freeze-up is a misleading one. Regulators and LP gas do not freeze. However, the moisture
that can be contained in the gas will freeze as the gas expands and cools passing through the regulator. This
freezing of the moisture in the gas can build up and partially or totally block the passage of the gas through the
regulator. Freezing can also occur when outside temperatures are low enough to contribute to the freezing of
the moisture in the gas.
The source of the moisture is varied. It can occur at the refinery or gas bulk plant, in the cars used to transport
the gas, or even within your own LP tanks. Moisture in an LP tank can occur when a tank service valve is left
open, allowing moist air to enter and become trapped.
A two-staged regulator helps to reduce the possibility of freeze-up because of its larger orifice size, and the
fact that heat is transferred through the walls of two regulators instead of just one.
There are several steps that can be taken to inhibit or prevent this from happening:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Make sure that your LP tank is free of moisture before refilling.
DO NOT overfill the LP tank.
Make sure to keep the service valve on an empty tank closed.
If freezing has occurred, have your LP dealer purge the LP tank before refilling.
Add a hydrous methanol or other approved LP antifreeze or de-icing agent to the LP tank.
Keep the regulator covered at all times.
NOTE: If freeze-up does occur, shut off the LP gas at the tank. A frozen regulator may permit LP gas to flow at
high pressure, resulting in leaks at appliances or in the lines. If freeze-up does occur, NEVER attempt to thaw
with an open flame. A small light bulb can sometimes be useful to provide heat and aid the thawing process.
Once thawed, be sure to take the proper steps to prevent a reoccurrence. Have the system checked by your
LP supplier if freeze-up continues.
OTHER COLD WEATHER FACTORS
Remember that as outside temperatures drop, the BTU value of the LP gas is lessened, since the colder liquid
LP in the tanks requires the heat from the surrounding air to vaporize. This lowering of BTU value can
significantly affect the performance of the system. You can help insure proper performance by keeping your
LP tanks as full as possible in cold weather, and reviewing the BTU/hr plates on LP appliances for proper LP
management.
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HOSES, PIPES, TUBES AND FITTINGS
The hoses, pipes, tubes, and fittings used in your LP system are designed to withstand pressures far
exceeding those of the LP system. However, because environment and time can both contribute to the
deterioration of these components, they must be inspected for wear at regular intervals. Be sure to inspect the
hose before each season and when having the tank refilled. Look for signs of deterioration such as cracks or
loss of flexibility. When replacing the hose or other LP components, make sure to always replace them with
components of the same type and rating (check with your dealer).
Fittings are used to connect the various system components to each other. The P.O.L. fitting at the end of the
LP supply hose is made of brass so that pipe sealants are not necessary to prevent leaking. It also has a
left-handed thread, which means that it is turned clockwise to remove, and counter-clockwise to tighten. The
P.O.L. fitting has been designed to help restrict the flow of LP gas in the event of a regulator failure, or hose
malfunction.
LP GAS LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM
HOW TO OPERATE
Your LP Gas Leak Detector is powered at all times when the battery is connected. If your coach is equipped
with a master cutoff switch, the detector will be turned off when this switch is turned OFF. When the
detector is powered by connecting the battery or turning ON the master cutoff switch, the green indicator will
light. After 60 seconds, the detector will begin monitoring the air in your coach for combustible vapors. The
propane you use to cook, refrigerate, and heat is combustible. Should a leak occur, your Pre-Tell 1 will
produce a pulsating alert sound when the gas reaches the detector. This alert will continue to sound until the
gas has dissipated or until the reset button is pressed. When the alert sounds, open all doors and major
windows to air out the coach and turn the gas off at the tank. Do not reenter the coach until the alert
stops sounding. If the alert sounds a second time after the gas is turned back on, leave the gas off and
have a qualified LP Gas Dealer or RV Service Center make the necessary repairs. The reset button only
stops the alert from sounding for 60 seconds. This device is intended for detection of LP Gas ONLY.
HOW TO TEST
The detector must be operating for at least 60 seconds before it can be tested. Expose the detector to gas*
and observe that the alert sounder will begin to alarm. The alert will continue to sound until:
1.
2.
The gas mixture at the detector returns to a safe level.
The reset button is pressed. If the reset button is pressed, the detector cannot be retested for at least
60 seconds.
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11-5
This test procedure should be repeated every week or every time the coach is taken on a trip,
whichever occurs first.
Call (800) 521-5228
If you have any questions about
your C.C.I. LP Gas Detector
* One method of simulating gas is to use a butane lighter (i.e.: BIC). DO NOT rotate the flint wheel. Just press
on the gas release button and point the exit nozzle into the gas sensing area below the green light of the
detector.
CHECKING THE LP GAS SYSTEM FOR LEAKS
Road vibration can loosen LP gas fittings. It is important to check your LP system for leaks at least every
5,000 miles, and whenever the tank is filled. It is also a good idea to have your entire LP gas system
checked annually by a qualified LP gas service representative.
Use the following steps when checking the system for leaks:
1.
2.
3.
4.
!
Open all the windows and vents.
Open the gas tank service valve.
Use non-ammoniated, non-chlorinated soap solution, or an approved leak detection solution on all
line connections (ammoniated soap solutions can cause cracking on copper or brass lines and
fittings).
If a leak is detected, tighten the connection with two open end wrenches until bubbling stops. DO NOT
over tighten, or use excessive force. If the leak continues, contact your recreational vehicle dealer, or
a qualified LP gas service representative to have an 11" Water Column Test performed.
WARNING: NEVER CHECK FOR LEAKS WITH AN OPEN FLAME.
NOTE: The scent of LP gas (a garlic-like odor) is actually ethyl mercaptan, an additive that allows you to
detect the presence of a leak, since LP gas is naturally odorless. Do not rely upon being able to detect the
smell of the gas, as the odor may fade.
ABOUT YOUR LP GAS DETECTOR
Liquid Propane (LP) Gas is heavier than air and will settle to the lowest point which is generally the floor of your
coach. The detector is also sensitive to other fumes such as hair spray of which most contain butane as the
propellant. Butane, like propane, is heavier than air and will settle to the floor level where it will be detected.
When this occurs, press the reset button to stop the alert sound for 60 seconds.
Other combustibles which will be detected include alcohol, liquor, deodorants, colognes, perfumes, wine,
adhesives, lacquer, kerosene, gasoline, glues, most of all cleaning agents and the propellants of aerosol cans.
Most are lighter than air in their vapor state and will only be detected when the coach is closed up. Glues and
adhesives may exhaust hydrocarbon vapors for months after they are applied. They are easily activated by
high temperatures. Close your coach up on a hot day and the chemicals used in its construction may be
detected for months after the coach was manufactured.
11-6
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Your gas detector is powered by your RV battery and/or your inverter. It draws less current than drawn by one
instrument panel lamp. Your detector will operate to detect gas until your battery is drained down to 10 volts.
(Your low battery condition is 10.4 volts.) If the power source (battery and/or inverter) is disconnected, or if the
power is otherwise interrupted, the detector will not operate.
Your Gas Detector has a self check circuit which runs at all times when the detector is powered. In the event
that the circuitry fails, a failure alarm will sound. It is a continuous series of short beep tones between long
intervals and is distinctively different from the alert sound.
MOST COMMON CAUSES OF APPARENT MALFUNCTION
1. New Coach Odor: The glues and other materials used in manufacturing the coach produce vapors which
may be detected when the coach is closed up on a warm day. Air out the coach thoroughly.
2. Keeps Beeping: The gas detector beeps about once every minute, - even when it is turned off. The
problem is a weak battery in the smoke detector which causes the smoke detector to produce short beeps
which sound similar to the alert sound of the LP Gas Detector. This is a high pitch tone and bounces off the
walls, making its location very hard to pinpoint. If the sound is not coming from the LP Gas Detector identify
the source and refer to the sources section in this manual for means of repair.
3. Hair Spray triggers the detector: Most aerosol hair sprays use butane gas as the propellent. Butane,
like propane, is heavier than air and will settle to the floor level where it will be detected. The detector is doing
its job as butane is combustible.
4. Other Gases: Other gases which can cause the detector to respond with an alert include the vapors from
any fuel, liquor, alcohol, deodorants, colognes, perfumes, wine, adhesives, lacquer, and most cleaning
agents.
5. Slow beep rate: This could be the failure alarm and will occur in the event that the circuitry fails. It is a
continuous series of short beep tones between long intervals and is distinctively different from the alert
sound.
After reviewing the above, if the problem still exists, call CCI for assistance.
NOTE: The LP Gas Leak Detector enters a cleaning and initializing mode every time it is powered. If turned
off for less than 15 minutes, the LP Gas Leak Detector may produce several short “chirps” within the first 80
seconds of operation. This is normal.
SERVICE
See your RV Dealer or a qualified LP Gas Service Center should service be required. If they are not familiar
with this product, have them call CCI for assistance. If service is not available in your area, call CCI.
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11-7
LP GAS SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
IF YOU SMELL GAS:
1.
Extinguish any open flames, pilot lights and all smoking materials.
2.
DO NOT touch any electrical switches.
3.
Shut off the gas supply at the tank valve(s) or gas supply connection.
4.
Open all doors and other ventilating openings. (DO NOT USE THE RANGE HOOD).
5.
Leave the area until the odor clears.
6.
Have the system checked by a trained professional before using again.
Be careful when doing any work or maintenance in the recreational vehicle, that you do not puncture a gas line
with a nail, screw, or drill bit.
Warning labels and decals are used throughout the recreational vehicle in locations where the potential for a
dangerous situation is present. They have been installed not only because of the requirement to do so, but
also as a constant reminder to occupants of the recreational vehicle to exercise proper caution when using or
being around LP gas appliances and equipment. Make sure that you and your family understand and follow all
of them. Never remove these warning labels and decals. If one should be lost, it should be replaced as soon
as possible.
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11-8
WARNING: DO NOT store LP gas containers inside the recreational vehicle. LP gas
containers are equipped with safety devices which relieve excessive pressure by
discharging gas to the atmosphere.
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INTERIOR CONTROLS
AND OPERATIONS
Mandalay
Your new RV from Mandalay offers virtually all the comforts of a home while out on the road. These systems
are of the most modern design available, just as the similar systems in your home, however, the RV’s systems
may be of different design, and construction than those found in your home.
The following instructions are for items inside the recreational vehicle which are general in nature. Instructions
for the operation of appliances and conveniences not found here can be found in other sections dealing
directly with appliances and systems. Check in index for the location of the specific information.
REAR VISION TV MONITOR SYSTEM
Your motorhome may be equipped with the optional rear vision TV monitor system. This system gives a
televised view of what is behind the motorhome. It is used as an aid in backing the motorhome, and can also
be used for greater field of vision when driving in heavy traffic.
The motorhome ignition must be on to power the system. The picture is automatically activated when the
motorhome is shifted in reverse. Push the standby switch down to receive the picture at any time. Push the
switch out to receive in reverse gear only. Picture brightness can be controlled by rotating the reception
switch. A contrast control is also provided to adjust the picture further. Adjust by rotating the switch.
Contrast and bright controls are provided to compensate for changes between day and night use. Push the
light/darkness switch in for day use, push again to release for night use. Never operate the monitor in the on
position for extended periods of time, this may result in an “image burn” on the monitor.
Make sure to check the mirrors when driving and backing, for a more complete field of vision. The TV camera
is equipped with a wide angle lens that can initially present an image that may be deceiving. Make sure to
practice backing in a safe place, using the monitor to become accustom to it’s operation.
LIVING QUARTERS
Construction of your Mandalay RV is the best in the industry when it comes to strength and energy
conservation. These new building techniques greatly reduce air exchange between the inside and outside,
thus creating a very airtight vehicle.
This creates some problems than can easily be resolved by airing out the vehicle on a regular basis, especially
in warm, humid conditions and after storage. Also, during prolonged cold weather where the heating system is
in use, other procedures should be followed as detailed in the last suggestion in the Safety portion of this
manual.
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CONDENSATION
Condensation can be more of a problem in the well-built RV than in the average home. Bathing, dishwashing,
cooking, washing and drying clothes and the use of non-vented gas burners all contribute to the added
moisture level.
A few easy procedures can help reduce the problem and include closing the door to the bathroom and opening
the window vent during bathing and for a short period afterwards; using the overhead vent while cooking, and
making sure the clothes dryer is vented to the outside of the unit. Also, don’t hang wet clothing inside the RV to
dry.
Taking care to keep down the amount of condensation will help prevent your unit’s insulation from becoming
damp and dropping its efficiency.
During the summer always try to park in a site that will be shaded during the hottest part of the day. Window
awnings are very helpful in keeping inside temperatures down.
Also, during hot weather, be aware that air conditioners need to operate on voltage of 110 to 120 and anything
lower can result in overheating of the motor and excessive wear, resulting in shorter life of the unit. Dim lights
and a poor, narrow television picture are indicators of a low voltage source. Use a volt meter to check outside
electrical sources.
OVERHEAD VENTS
Vents are provided in the recreational vehicle to circulate fresh air and exhaust odors.
Bathroom Power Vent – The power bath vent has dual controls to operate both opening and closing, as well
as the exhaust fan. A hand crank controls opening and closing and adjustment of the vent cover, while a push
button turns the exhaust fan on and off. Make sure to turn the fan off before closing the vent. Also be sure to
remove any debris that falls into the vent that may restrict its operation.
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HYDRAULIC POWER LEVELERS
General Description
The optional power leveling system allows you to quickly level your motorhome from the driver’s seat by
adjusting levers and watching a panel of indicating lights.
The following instructions are general instructions. You should refer to the separate manual for the levelers for
additional information.
!
CAUTION!
READ THE ENTIRE OPERATOR MANUAL BEFORE OPERATING.
BLOCK FRAME AND TIRES SECURELY BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY MAINTENANCE UNDER THE
VEHICLE. DO NOT USE LEVELING JACKS OR AIR SUSPENSION TO SUPPORT VEHICLE WHILE
UNDER VEHICLE OR CHANGING TIRES. VEHICLE MAY DROP AND/OR MOVE FORWARD OR
BACKWARD WITHOUT WARNING CAUSING INJURY OR DEATH.
KEEP ALL PEOPLE CLEAR OF VEHICLE WHILE LEVELING SYSTEM IS IN USE.
NEVER PLACE HANDS OR OTHER PARTS OF THE BODY NEAR HYDRAULIC LEAKS. OIL MAY
PENETRATE SKIN CAUSING INJURY OR DEATH.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES WHEN INSPECTING OR SERVICING THE SYSTEM TO PROTECT EYES
FROM DIRT, METAL CHIPS, OR LEAKS, ETC. FOLLOW ALL OTHER APPLICABLE SHOP SAFETY
PRACTICES.
DO NOT OVER-EXTEND THE REAR JACKS. IF THE WEIGHT OF THE VEHICLE IS REMOVED FROM
ONE OR BOTH REAR WHEELS, THE VEHICLE MAY ROLL FORWARD OR BACKWARD, OFF THE
JACKS.
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12-3
SLIDE-OUT
In order for the flush floor slide-out to level properly when extended,
the slide-out will tilt while in motion. During travel the slide-out
travels up and then down the flush floor slide-out ramp.
NOTE: Refer to the HWH hydraulic space maker room extension
system operator’s manual for complete details and trouble shooting
guide.
ROOM EXTENSION PROCEDURE
!
CAUTION: Operating the room with any
room-locking device locked can cause personal
injury and vehicle damage. It is the operator’s
responsibility to ensure that all room-locking
devices are disengaged before operating the room.
!
CAUTION: Keep people and obstructions clear of room when operating The Pilot and
Co-Pilot seats must be in their most forward position, with seat backs in the vertical
setting.
NOTE: Make sure there is adequate clearance to fully extend the room.
1.
2.
3.
Apply the parking break and activate the coach battery disconnect switch to apply power.
Insert the SLIDE OUT CONTROL PANEL KEY and turn the KEY SWITCH to the “ON” POSITION.
To extend the room, press and hold the ROOM CONTROL SWITCH in the “EXTEND” POSITION.
The room-locking device will disengage and retract into the slide-out housing. When the room is fully
extended, release the ROOM CONTROL SWITCH.
NOTE: The bottom of the room will begin to move prior to the top of the room.
IMPORTANT: Do not hold the ROOM CONTROL SWITCH in the “EXTEND” POSITION for more
then ten seconds after the room is fully extended or stops moving. IF EITHER SIDE OR THE ROOM
STOPS MOVING, RELEASE THE ROOM CONTROL SWITCH IMMEDIATELY.
4.
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NOTE: Releasing the ROOM CONTROL SWITCH will halt the operation of the room.
Turn the KEY SWITCH to the “OFF” POSITION.
NOTE: Perform the slide-out room operation with the air suspension system full.
Extensive damage could occur to the slide-out room and awning when extending the
slide-out room in snow, sleet, ice or freezing rain. In such conditions, if the slide-out room
is extended, clear the awning and ensure free movement prior to operating the slide-out
room.
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CAUTION: Dirt and grit trapped under the slide-out room could result in damage to the
floor. Continuous operation of the slide-out could cause a drain on the coach batteries and
damage to the slide-out motor.
NOTE: Do not leave the slide-out in the extended position during severe weather.
Conditions such as high winds or heavy rain may cause damage to an extended slide-out.
ROOM RETRACTION PROCEDURE
CAUTION: Keep people and obstruction clear of room when operating.
1.
2.
3.
Make sure parking brake is applied.
Insert the SLIDE-OUT CONTROL KEY and turn the KEY SWITCH to the “ON” POSITION.
To retract the room press and hold the ROOM CONTROL SWITCH in the “RETRACT” POSITION.
The room-locking devices will extend from the slide-out housing and then engage. When the slide-out
control panel illuminates both LED light indicators, release the ROOM CONTROL SWITCH.
NOTE: The top of the room will come into contact with the body of the motorhome first. The leading
edge of the room floor will rise up as the bottom of the room is drawn in.
IMPORTANT: Do not hold the ROOM CONTROL SWITCH in the “RETRACT” POSITION for more
than 10 seconds after the room is fully retracted or stops moving. IF EITHER SIDE OF THE ROOM
STOPS MOVING, RELEASE THE ROOM CONTROL SWITCH IMMEDIATELY.
4.
5.
6.
NOTE: Releasing the ROOM CONTROL SWITCH will halt the operation of the room.
Turn the KEY SWITCH to the “OFF” POSITION.
Remove the KEY to prevent undesired operation of the room.
If the room will not retract see the MANUAL ROOM RETRACTION PROCEDURE.
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CAUTION: Be sure you have sufficient clearance on the inside of the motorhome (driver’s
seat, etc.) before you retract the slide-out room. Ensure the floor is clean before you retract
the slide-out room. Trapped dirt or grit under the slide-out room can scratch the floor
surface. Never move the motorhome with the slide-out room extended.
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MANUAL ROOM RETRACTION PROCEDURE
(USE ONLY WHEN THE ROOM WILL NOT RETRACT WITH THE ROOM CONTROLS SWITCH)
OVERVIEW - The room can be retracted manually if a hydraulic or electrical failure prevents the
room from being retracted using the ROOM CONTROL SWITCH. For normal retract sequence see the
ROOM RETRACT PROCEDURE.
1.
2.
Locate the HYDRAULIC PUMP/MANIFOLD unit in an exterior storage compartment.
Open the SOLENOID VALVES by turning the “T” HANDLES counterclockwise.
NOTE: The “T” HANDLE may turn easily at first but will become more difficult to turn as an internal
spring is compressed. Be sure to open both valves completely (about six turns of “T” HANDLE).
3.
4.
5.
NOTE: The room may move slightly as the SOLENOID VALVES are opened and internal pressure is
released.
Manually push the room in from the outside at the floor level. This may require assistance from a
second individual.
Once the room is pushed into place, close the SOLENOID VALVE “T” HANDLES before moving the
vehicle to prevent the room from extending while driving.
The system should be repaired before using again.
MAINTENANCE OIL LEVEL
It is important that all rooms are fully retracted before checking the hydraulic oil level. To check the oil supply,
remove the breather cap from the top of the hydraulic oil reservoir. The oil level should be approximately one
inch below the top of the reservoir when adequately filled. Use DEXRON II or a high quality multi-purpose
automatic transmission fluid.
WINDOWS
All the windows that open in the recreational vehicle are operated by sliding them back and forth. To operate,
pivot the latch to release it from the locked position, and slide the window to open. When closing, slide the
window fully closed, and pivot the latch back to the fully locked position. The screens will also slide open and
closed if required for an emergency exit. Check window sealant during normal coach washing and as per the
maintenance guide.
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12-6
WARNING: To avoid exhaust gas entry into the motorhome, keep windows closed when the
chassis or generator engines are running.
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DOORS, DRAWERS, AND STORAGE COMPARTMENTS
Cabinet and closet doors in the recreational vehicle have door fasteners, or pneumatic stops, which prevent
them from accidentally opening during travel. Drawers throughout the recreational vehicle have travel stops
which keep them from sliding out when in motion (under normal driving conditions).
To open a drawer, lift up first, and then slide out. When closing drawers, make sure they drop slightly into the
travel position.
Make sure before operating your recreational vehicle that all cabinet doors and drawers are closed, and
cabinet contents are secure. Retract and secure sliding doors in the bath area, as well as the bath door, to
prevent noise and/or damage while traveling.
UNDER SOFA STORAGE (Some Models) - Access the available storage under the sofa by lifting the front
seat section and pulling towards you. Do not lay seat down completely.
UNDER THE BED STORAGE - There may be a large storage area located under the bed. It is accessed by
grasping the end ledge at the foot of the bed and lifting. Make sure before lifting, that there is nothing on the
bed that will restrict its movement, or add extra weight.
!
WARNING: Use caution when lowering the bed to keep hands and fingers at the end ledge
provided; and not on the side or further back then necessary, where you may encounter
pinch points.
Pneumatic struts on both sides of the storage compartment aid both in lifting, and holding the bed in the upright
position. When storing items under the bed, be sure to leave space in the storage compartment for the struts
when the bed is closed.
When lowering the bed, there will be some resistance felt at first, because of the struts. Be sure to keep both
hands on the end ledge all the way down to the closed position to avoid having the bed suddenly drop shut.
Store items in the areas designated for storage. DO NOT store anything in the area reserved for the inverter
and electrical panels or the water tank and pump.
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12-7
SEATING, TABLES AND ADDITIONAL BEDS
Depending on which model and options you have in your recreational vehicle, seating will include some
combination of the following:
1.
SOFA - The sofa will comfortably seat three adults. It also converts to a bed by lifting the front section
and pulling toward you. The sofa back follows and pivots down into a prone position. To reconvert
back to a sofa, lift the front and push back and down into place. The sofa back will follow and pivot up
into its upright position automatically. When reconverting to the sofa configuration, make sure to pull
the seat belts out to their usable positions.
2.
J-LOUNGE SOFA - The J-Lounge will seat 3 adults, and by using the built in seat belts, can be used
while in transit.
3.
RECLINER - The recliner operates just like a standard household recliner. By pulling the footrest
lever, the footrest will extend. Since a seatbelt is not provided on the recliner it is not to be used while
in transit.
4.
DINETTE - The dinette will seat four people. Storage and/or various systems components can be
accessed from above by removing the seat cushions and lifting the seat supports.
Pedestal Type Dinette - The dinette can also be converted into an additional bed if required, to
convert, lift the table top off of the two support posts. Remove the support posts from the floor and la
them down between the seats. Insert the table top between the seats on the ledges provided. Loosen
the seat cushion from the velcro fasteners and slide together to form the bed. Reverse this process
when reconverting to the dinette configuration.
Wall Mounted Type Dinette - Lift the aisle side of the table and unhook from sidewall and swing into
place. The table supports on the dinette base.
5.
FOLD-DOWN LOUNGE TABLE - This table is stored in a folded position next to the lounge chair. To
raise for use, pull out on the bottom to release it from its securing catch, and swing up. When raised
reach under the table and swing the supporting leg down until it locks into position. Adjust the length of
the support leg, so that the table will be level when resting on it. To adjust the support leg length, pull
back on the spring clip, releasing the detent from the adjustment hole it is presently in. While holding
the spring clip back, slide the leg to the desired length, then release the spring, allowing the detent to
lock into the new hole.
To fold back for storage, reverse the previous procedure; shortening the support leg, and folding the
leg up against the bottom of the table top. Lower the table top and push in on the bottom to secure it
into catch that keeps the table from moving while traveling.
6.
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FREE STANDING DINETTE CHAIRS - Some models have free standing dinette chairs. Since these
chairs are not permanently attached to the floor, and not equipped with seat belts, they should not be
occupied while the recreational vehicle is in motion. These chairs should be stored securely while the
vehicle is in motion.
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