Raymarine RayTech RNS 5.0 User`s manual

RayTech RNS
Getting Started
Document Number: 81241_1
Date: May 2004
Trademarks and registered trademarks
Autohelm, HSB, Raymarine, RayTech, RayTech RNS, Sail Pilot, SeaTalk
and Sportpilot are registered trademarks of Raymarine Limited. Apelco
is a registered trademark of Raymarine Holdings Limited (Registered in
all major marketing territories).
AST, Autoadapt, Auto GST, Autoseastate, Autotrim, Bidata, Marine
Intelligence, Maxiview, On Board, Raychart, Raynav, Raypilot, Raystar,
ST40, ST60, Seaclutter, Smart Route, Tridata and Waypoint Navigation
are trademarks of Raymarine Limited.
Windows and NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Inc.
Pentium is a registered trademark of Intel.
NVIDIA and GeForce are trademarks or registered trademarks of
NVIDIA Corp.
Maptech is a registered trademark of Maptech.
C-Map and C-Map NT are registered trademarks of C-Map SRL.
All other product names mentioned are trademarks or registered
trademarks (if applicable) of their respective companies.
Copyright: ©Raymarine 2004
3
Contents
Important Information ..........................................................................1
System overview and features .............................................................5
Getting Started .......................................................................................9
System integration ...............................................................................19
Installation Guidelines .........................................................................21
Interfacing RNS .....................................................................................25
Technical support ..................................................................................39
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RayTech RNS V5.0 - Getting Started
1
Important Information
About this manual
This manual describes how to get started using RayTech RNS marine navigation
software.
It shows you how to ensure that the PC on which this software is to be installed meets
the requirements for running this version of RayTech RNS.
It also shows how the peripheral equipment required for full functionality of the
system should be interfaced with RNS.
Details of how to operate RayTech RNS after it has been successfully installed are
described in the RayTech RNS - User’s Manual which accompanies this product.
Intended use
RayTech RNS V5.0 is intended for recreational marine use. Users should note that only
authorized government charts and associated Notices to Mariners contain all the
information required for safe navigation.
Safety notices
WARNING:Navigation aid
When this product is used within a navigation system, it is only
an aid to navigation. Its accuracy can be affected by many
factors, including equipment failure or defects, environmental
conditions and improper use or handling. It is the users
responsibility to exercise common prudence and navigational
judgements. This product should not be relied upon as a
substitute for such prudence and judgement. Always maintain
a permanent watch so that you can respond to situations as
they develop.
WARNING:Product installation
This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance
with the Raymarine instructions provided. Failure to do so
could result in poor product performance, personal injury, and/
or damage to your boat.
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RayTech RNS - Getting Started
Disclaimers
This electronic chart is an aid to navigation designed to facilitate the use of authorized
government charts, not to replace then. Only official government charts and notices to
mariners contain all of the current information needed for the safety of navigation, and
the Captain is responsible for their prudent use.
This program and its charts do not excuse the user from carrying the required official
charts and documents.
Raymarine does not warrant that this product is error free or that it is compatible with
products manufactured by any person or entity other than Raymarine.
This product utilizes digital chart data, and electronic information from the Global
Positioning System (GPS) and weather information which may contain errors.
Raymarine does not warrant the accuracy of such information and you are advised that
errors in such information may cause the product to malfunction or give incorrect
readings. Raymarine is not responsible for damages or injuries caused by your use or
inability to use the product, by the interaction of the product with products
manufactured by others, or by errors in chart data or information utilized by the
product provided by third parties.
Except for the limited warranty regarding the magnetic media contained in the license
agreement accompanying the product, this product is provided ‘AS IS’ without
warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied
warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, and any others
which may arise from course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade.
The limits of electronic navigation
Experienced navigators know not to rely on a single method of navigation for
determining their position. Two or more methods should be used to determine position
and guard against errors placing you or your boat in a dangerous position. GPS based
electronic navigation is an amazing application of technology, but like all other
technology, has limits. A wise navigator will understand these limits and how they
affect the safety of their boat and crew.
The GPS is made up of components starting with ground based computers to monitor
and maintain the system made up of 24 satellites in orbit around the earth. The system
ends at your boat’s receiver. Like all systems it is not perfect and any part of it can fail.
GPS accuracy varies between 2 and 50 meters.
NMEA 0183 1.0 / 1.5 only supports 2 digits of latitude and longitude, giving a precision
of approximately 60 feet.
NMEA 2.0 / 2.1 supports 3 digits of latitude and longitude, giving a precision of
approximately 6 feet.
3
Another limitation to the system accuracy is digital charts. These electronic charts are
made by highly skilled cartographers. Surveys on which the cartography is based, were
in some cases, made over 50 years ago. So despite everyone’s best efforts, it may be
possible to have errors in the final product.
Lastly, RayTech software was developed by highly skilled and talented software
engineers and underwent a rigorous test and quality assurance program before being
released. However, it is possible that software issues or malfunctions may remain
undetected in the software. Whilst Raymarine make every effort to find, fix and repair
software issues as they are discovered, this product is specifically not promised to be
issue free.
Conventions used
In this manual the following conventions will be used:
• RNS refers to RayTech RNS V5.0.
• The names of keyboard keys are printed in boldface, such as Enter.
• Italics are used to show names, such as Open Chart, or softkeys such as Find Vessel.
• Instructions using menu options are written as menu option/submenu option.
For example, the instructions might read ‘Select File/ Layers’. This means go to
the File menu on the drop-down menus and select it. A submenu will appear that
contains the Layers option for you to select.
• ‘Click’ refers to clicking the mouse button. Unless otherwise stated, it refers to the
left mouse button once.
• ‘Right click’ refers to clicking the right mouse button once.
• ‘Double click’ means to click the left mouse button twice quickly.
Product use
You may not use this product unless you agree to the terms and conditions of the
license agreement.
In accepting these terms and conditions, you agree to be bound by the terms of the
license agreement and to release and hold Raymarine harmless from and against any
and all claims, obligations and liabilities with respect to the product, except those
specifically reserved in the license agreement.
If you do not agree to the terms and conditions of the license agreement, you may
return the program within thirty (30) days of the date of purchase by following the
instructions contained within the license agreement.
4
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
System integration
Raytech RNS V5.0 has been designed to work transparently with Raymarine SeaTalk
data communications package, or any other device that outputs data in National
Marine Electronics Association (NMEA) 0183 format. These protocols allow
information such as heading, wind speed and direction, sea temperature and other
information to be accessed and displayed within RNS. Information generated by RNS
can also be displayed on your boat’s standard onboard instruments.
Technical accuracy
The technical information contained within this manual, to the best of our knowledge,
was correct at the time of printing. However, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
inaccuracies or omissions it may contain.
In addition Raymarine’s policy of continuous product improvement may change
specifications without notice. As a result Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
differences between the product and the manual.
Copyright
Under copyright laws use of this manual is intended for the original licensee.
No portion of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means,
electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or information storage
and retrieval systems, for any purpose other than the licensee’s use, without the
express written permission of Raymarine, and provided in the licensing agreement
between you and Raymarine.
System overview and features
5
System overview and features
Introduction
This chapter introduces RayTech RNS and covers the following:
• What’s in the box.
• System overview.
What do I get in the box?
When you open the box containing RNS, you will find various components, depending
on which package you have purchased.
RayTech RNS - Part No.E83034
Component
Raymarine Part No.
RayTech RNS CD-ROM
47001-2
Softchart CD-ROM
47002-1
Maptech CD-ROM
47003-1
C-Map America CD-ROM set
47004-2
C-Map Asia and Europe CD-ROM set
47005-2
RayTech RNS license key
47007-1
RayTech accessory list
47015-1
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
81241-1
RayTech RNS User’s Manual
81216-2
Global Positioning System (GPS) cable
E86001
RayTech Pathfinder PC - Part No. E86022
All of the components contained in Part No. E83034 above, plus:
hsb2 to controls box cable
4471-005-B
hsb2 to PCMCIA interface
47013-1
RayTech SeaTalk Interface box
E85004
SeaTalk to PC interface cable
E86001
If any of the above components are missing, you should contact, in the first instance,
the Raymarine dealer where you purchased your package, or Raymarine Customer
Support, the details of which can be found in the Technical Support section of this
handbook, page 39.
6
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
System overview
RayTech RNS operates within a standard Windows environment, and enables you to
utilize the latest digital charts and Global Positioning System (GPS) instrumentation to
help you navigate your boat virtually anywhere in the world. RNS easily interfaces with
your boats onboard navigational systems, offering you the flexibility to allow RNS to
autopilot your boat to any destination you chose to plot.
RNS also incorporates the capability to download the latest weather and
oceanographic information and display it on any chart. Advanced features are
included that will enhance RNS’s route plotting and fishfinding performance making it
an ideal choice for the serious sailor or fisherman.
System features
RNS has been designed for ease of use and incorporates the following features:
Easy marine navigation
RNS takes the guesswork out of marine navigation by enabling easy and accurate
planning and plotting of simple or complex routes. These can be stored and re-used,
even changed whilst in use to take changing weather conditions or other factors into
account.
Chart formats
RNS uses the latest digitized versions of the paper charts traditionally used in marine
navigation, and supports the following chart formats:
• C-Map NT and NT Plus.
• Maptech NOAA/BSB.
• Maptech PCX.
• Maptech Photo Regions and Topographical charts.
• SoftCharts Nautical charts and PhotoNavigator.
• NDI/CHS charts.
Comprehensive Weather/ Oceanographic reporting
RNS offers you the capability to download and display the latest weather and ocean
conditions, and then superimpose this information upon your charts in several layers.
Weather and oceanographic charts (in GRIB format) can be downloaded directly from
the Internet or requested via e-mail. These files can be animated to show predicted
weather conditions over a specified period of time. Typical weather files contain
information in 6, 12 or 24 hour intervals, covering a period of several days, giving you
a comprehensive presentation of atmospheric and marine conditions.
System overview and features
7
Advanced graphical user interface
RNS is operated via an easy-to-use Graphical User Interface (GUI) complete with many
customizable toolbars, softkeys and ‘floating’ data boxes. Using an intuitive menu
hierarchy, you can display only those tools that you commonly use, or customize
screens to show you only pertinent information, with just a few mouse clicks. RNS’s
flexible GUI enables you to quickly and easily tailor its powerful resources to suit your
needs.
3D contour display
An advanced 3D contour display works in conjunction with Maptech Contour
Professional cartography to show your boat, the ocean floor, and other related
information using a 3D vector-style display. This enables you to view any area, such as
a favorite fishing spot, harbor entrance with a full three dimensional page. Images can
be rotated through 360o, enabling you to view your boat’s position from virtually any
angle.
Sailboat racing
The sail racer features are targeted towards the professional sailboat racer, and include
• DataTrak.
• Polars.
• Route Optimization.
• Advanced weather routing.
• Pre-start display.
• Navigation numbers.
• Specialized racing toolbar.
Fishing
The fishing features are targeted towards the serious fisherman and provide two major
elements in the search for fish:
• Ocean plankton/ water clarity - using data from the OrbView 2 satellite.
• Sea surface temperature (SST) - using data from U.S. Government weather
satellites.
8
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
Getting Started
Getting Started
Introduction
This section deals with making sure that your PC is ready to install and run RayTech
RNS and details:
• System requirements.
• Whether your PC is ready to install RNS.
• Upgrading drivers and adapters.
• Installing RNS.
System requirements
Before you can begin installing RayTech RNS, you need to make sure that the PC you
intend to use meets the minimum hardware requirements for running the software.
Whilst RayTech RNS will run successfully on the minimum requirement, for best
performance, the optimum requirements are recommended.
The minimum and optimum requirements are:
Minimum system requirements
The minimum system requirements are:
• Pentium III 1 GHz processor.
• 128 MB RAM.
• Windows 2000/XP.
• CD-ROM drive.
• Serial port.
• PCMCIA port - only required if you are connecting your PC to hsb2.
• Monitor - capable of displaying 800 x 600 resolution, 16 bit color.
Optimum system requirements
The optimum system requirements are:
• Pentium IV processor or faster.
• 256 MB RAM or higher.
• NVIDIA GeForce 4 processor.
• Windows XP.
• Monitor - capable of displaying 1024 x 768 resolution, 16 bit color.
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RayTech RNS - Getting Started
Is my PC ready to use RNS?
Use this flowchart to see if your system will run RNS:
Is the processor at least a 1GHz Pentium III?
NO
An upgrade is required.
Visit www.raymarine.com for
details of recommended PCs and adapters
NO
An upgrade is required.
Visit www.raymarine.com for
details of recommended PCs and adapters
NO
RayTech RNS requires Windows 2000 or XP
NO
Raymarine recommends NVIDIA graphics adapters
for best performance
YES
Does the PC have at least 128 mb RAM?
YES
Is the PC running Windows 2000 or XP?
YES
Does the PC have an NVIDIA GeForce graphics adapter?
YES
Does the PC have a serial (RS232) port?
NO
An USB-serial adaptor is required.
Visit www.raymarine.com for
details of recommended PCs and adapters
YES
Is the PC a laptop?*
NO
NO
You will need a PCI-PCMCIA adaptor
Visit www.raymarine.com for
details of recommended PCs and adapters
YES
Is the PC's software up-to-date?
NO
Get the latest software updates for your PC from
http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com
and the manufacturer of your graphics adapter
(e.g. http://www.nvidia.com) or PC.
YES
D6911_1
Your PC is now ready for RayTech RNS
Note: *If you are not planning to buy the Pathfinder PC kit, or you are not intending to use
RayTech’s hsb2 networking capability for chart, radar, sonar sharing, you can skip this check.
Getting Started
11
Upgrading drivers and adapters
Prior to installing RayTech RNS, Raymarine strongly recommend updating your PC
display drivers and verifying that you have the latest versions of Microsoft DirectX and
your Display adapter driver installed.
Note: It will be necessary to have the PC connected to the internet for these checks and up-
dates to be carried out.
Driver update
To ensure that your PC is current with regard to Windows operating system patches
you should execute the Windows Update utility.
To run the Windows Update utility:
1. On the computer taskbar, click Start. The pop-up menu is displayed.
2. Select and click Windows Update. The PC will connect to the Microsoft Windows
Update site.
D6966_1
3. The Welcome screen is displayed.
4. Click Scan for Updates.
Your computer is scanned to find which update patches are required. The screen
updates to show the progress of the scan. When the scan is complete the Review
Updates screen is displayed.
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
D6967_1
12
D6968_1
5. Click Review and Install Updates. The available updates are displayed.
D6969_1
6. Click Install Now. Installation of the updates starts, with progress being shown on
screen.
Upon completion of the installation a dialog box appears. This will tell you that
installation is complete and that you need to restart your computer for the updates
to be activated.
7. Check Restart Now. Click OK. Your computer will restart and Windows will be
updated.
8. Repeat steps 1 through 7 until all applicable updates have been installed.
Getting Started
13
DirectX
To ensure that you have the latest version of DirectX installed you should run the
DirectX diagnostics utility.
To run DirectX diagnostics utility:
1. On the computer taskbar, click Start. The pop-up menu is displayed.
D6970_1
2. Select and click Run. The Run dialog box is displayed.
D6971_1
3. Type in, dxdiag. Click OK. The DirectX diagnostic tool will be displayed.
4. Make a note of the version number installed on your computer (highlighted in the
picture above).
5. Click the Display or Display 1 tab. The display adapter screen is displayed.
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
D6972_1
14
6. Make a note of the display adapter name, manufacturer, chip type and driver
version installed on your computer (highlighted in the picture above).
7. Point your internet browser to - http:// www.microsoft.com/windows/directx/
downloads/default.asp and check the current version of DirectX. If the version
installed is not current, download and install the latest version.
8. Point your internet browser to the display adapter manufacturer’s site and check
the current version available. If the version installed is not current, download the
latest version.
Useful websites
You may find he following websites useful when ensuring your PC has the latest drivers
and adapters available:
Manufacturer
Website
Intel software
www.intel.com
VIA software
www.viarena.com
AMD software
www.amd.com
SIS software
www.sis.com.tw
ATI graphics
www.ati.com
NVIDIA graphics
www.nvidia.com
Getting Started
15
Installing RNS
Having checked that your computer meets the operating requirements, and upgraded
the drivers and adapters as necessary your computer is now ready for installing
RayTech RNS.
However, to make sure that RNS V5.0 operates correctly you should, before
installation, execute the Windows Add/Remove Programs utility and remove any
previously installed KiwiTech or RayTech program(s).
To run the Add/Remove Programs utility:
1. On the computer taskbar, click Start. The pop-up menu is displayed.
2. Select and click Control Panel. The control panel is displayed.
D6973_1
3. Click Add/Remove Programs. The Add/Remove Programs dialog box is displayed.
4. Select the program you wish to remove.
D6974_1
5. Click Change/Remove. The Change/Remove wizard is displayed.
16
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
6. Check Remove. Click Next. Follow the on-screen instructions to remove the
selected program.
Your RNS software can now be installed from either a CD-ROM or downloaded directly
from the Internet.
Installation from a CD
To install RNS using a CD-ROM:
1. Insert the RNS CD into the computer’s CD-ROM drive. After a few moments the
Install Shield Wizard Welcome screen is displayed.
2. Click Next, and follow the on-screen instructions.
If the Install Shield Wizard does not automatically run;
1. Select Start/Run from the computer taskbar and type e:\setup.exe
(substitute the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive for ‘e’ if it is different). After a few
moments the Install Shield Wizard Welcome screen is displayed.
2. Click Next, and follow the on-screen instructions.
Installation from the internet
To install RNS from the internet:
1. Point your internet browser to http:///www.raymarine.com/RayTech software
2. Follow the on-screen instructions.
Note: RNS is a very large file (85mb). Dial-up connections are not recommended for this operation.
Using RNS for the first time
License keys
To operate RNS with your boat’s instruments and use the advanced features, it is
necessary to purchase a license key. There are two types of license key that can be
purchased for RNS:
• 5.0 Upgrade License - this type of key is required if you are upgrading to RNS
V5.0 from a previous version.
• 5.0 License - this type of key is included when you purchase RNS V5.0.
Both types of key can be purchased from http;///www.raymarine.com/RayTech.
Getting Started
17
D6913_1
To start using RNS after installing it:
1. Select Start/Programs/RayTech/RNS V5.0 from the computer taskbar. The
program will load and display a disclaimer dialog.
2. Read the disclaimer.
3. If you agree to the terms of the disclaimer, click I Agree. If not, click I do not
Agree, and the program will terminate.
D6914_1
4. After clicking I Agree, the license key dialog box will be displayed.
5. Select the type of license key you are entering. See below.
6. Enter your license key using the on-screen keyboard. Move the cursor over the
required number and click to enter.
7. Select OK. The dialog box closes.
18
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
System integration
19
System integration
Introduction
This chapter provides an overview of system integration and the protocols that
interface with RayTech RNS.
You may find that your system does not use all the protocols or contain all the
instrumentation that is described in it. However it is hoped that the information
supplied will help in your understanding of how systems can be integrated and used
successfully.
What is System Integration?
System integration enables various instruments and displays to communicate with
each other and use the collected data to increase the functionality of the system.
This data exchange is only possible if the data gathering is accurate, and transfer
between instruments is fast and accurate.
Fast and accurate data transfer is achieved by using a combination of the following
data protocols:
• SeaTalk.
• SeaTalk2.
• hsb2.
• National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA)0183.
What is SeaTalk?
SeaTalk
The SeaTalk protocol was originally developed by Autohelm (part of Raymarine) and
enables compatible instruments to be connected by a single cable carrying power (12
volts, 150 mA) and data in/out, without a central processor, creating a simple network.
Additional instruments and functions can be added to a SeaTalk system, simply by
plugging them into the network. SeaTalk equipment can also communicate with other
non-SeaTalk equipment via the NMEA 0183 standard.
SeaTalk2
SeaTalk2 protocol was developed as the Controller Area Network (CAN) based version
of SeaTalk.
.
20
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
What is hsb2?
The high speed bus 2 (hsb2) protocol was developed by Raymarine to enable up to ten
multiple displays to be linked together. This enables all of the screens to display data
from any unit connected the bus to any other unit which is connected to the bus. This
data can be displayed in full, split and overlay screen modes.
What is NMEA?
NMEA 0183
The NMEA 0183 Data Interface Standard was developed by the National Marine
Electronics Association of America. It is an international standard to enable equipment
from many different manufacturers to be connected together and share information.
The NMEA 0183 standard carries similar information to SeaTalk. However it has the
important difference in that one cable will only carry information in one direction. For
this reason NMEA 0183 is generally used to connect a data receiver and a transmitter
together, e.g. a compass sensor transmitting heading to a radar display.
This information is passed in ‘sentences’, each of which has a three-letter sentence
identifier. It is therefore important when checking compatibility between items that
the same sentence identifiers are used, e.g. VTG carries Course and Speed Over
Ground data, GLL carries latitude and longitude, DBT carries water depth and MWV
carries relative wind angle and wind speed data.
Installation Guidelines
21
Installation Guidelines
EMC installation guidelines
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to best industry standards for use in the
recreational marine environment.
Their design and manufacture conforms to the appropriate Electromagnetic Compatibility
(EMC) standards, but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not
compromised. Although every effort has been made to ensure that they will perform under all
conditions, it is important to understand what factors could affect the operation of the product.
The guidelines given here describe the conditions for optimum EMC performance, but it is
recognized that it may not be possible to meet all of these conditions in all situations. To ensure
the best possible conditions for EMC performance within the constraints imposed by any
location, always ensure the maximum separation possible between different items of electrical
equipment.
For optimum EMC performance, it is recommended that wherever possible:
• Raymarine equipment and cables connected to it are:
• At least 3 ft. (1m) from any equipment transmitting, or cables carrying radio signals,
e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas. In the case of Single Side Band (SSB) radios, the
distance should be increased to 7 ft. (2m).
• More than 7 ft. (2m) from the path of a radar beam. A radar beam can normally be
assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating element.
• The equipment is supplied from a separate battery to that used for engine start. Voltage
drops below 10 V, and starter motor transients, can cause the equipment to reset. This
will not damage the equipment, but may cause the loss of some information and may
change the operating mode.
• Raymarine specified cables are used. Cutting and rejoining these cables can compromise
EMC performance and must be avoided unless doing so is detailed in the installation manual.
• If a suppression ferrite is attached to a cable, this ferrite should not be removed. If the ferrite
needs to be removed during installation, it must be reassembled in the same position.
Suppression Ferrites
The illustration shows typical cable suppression
ferrites used with Raymarine equipment. Always
use the ferrites supplied by Raymarine.
D6626-1
Connections to other equipment
If your Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not supplied
by Raymarine, a suppression ferrite MUST always be attached to the cable near to the
Raymarine unit
22
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
Basic NMEA and RS-232 cabling principles
This section explains some of the basic principles involved with NMEA and RS-232
electrical connections.
Knowledge of this information is not required to connect t RNS to your peripheral
instrumentation: however, it is provided for the advanced user as a pertinent technical
background.
NMEA basics
Most marine electronic devices that output data do so over NMEA ports. These ports
are known as a ‘balanced pair’, which means that the data signal is carried over two
wires (via an RS-422 electrical layer, in computer/datacom terminology). The signal
level is determined by calculating the voltage difference between the two wires, hence
the NMEA output signal is called a Differential Data Signal (DDS). This DDS should not
be confused with Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS), which is a GPS system
error correction method.
DDS are designed to be error-resistant by keeping the positive and negative leads close
together for the entire cable run. This means that they both pick up the same levels of
noise, which is ultimately subtracted from the signal, preserving the signal’s data
integrity.
NMEA ports typically have four connections (two for each lead); Transmit (positive/
negative) and Receive (positive/negative). Some devices may use a single-direction
port, meaning that they can transmit or receive only.
To connect one NMEA device to another:
1. Connect device A’s positive Transmit (Tx+) lead to device B’s positive Receive (Rx+)
lead.
2. Connect device A’s negative Transmit (Tx-) lead to device B’s negative Receive
(Rx-) lead.
IMPORTANT: When performing the above connection, make sure that you connect
the devices directly; DO NOT use the boat’s DC grounding circuit to carry the Tx- signal.
You may encounter a device that does not properly implement the NMEA specification,
and shares it’s Tx- lead with the device DC power ground circuit. In this case, you must
still run a cable directly between the Tx- and Rx- leads as previously stated. DO NOT
share the DC power ground circuit.
RS-232 basics
Most desktop and laptop computers have RS-232 ports. These ports use a 3 wire
interface, in which the transmit and receive leads reference the same signal ground. It
is important not to confuse the RS-232 cable’s ground with the boat’s power ground
Installation Guidelines
23
circuit. While the boat’s power ground may, co-incidentally, be at the same level as the
RS-232 signal ground, there is no industry standard that requires this. Since the RS-232
transmit and receive data signals reference a common signal ground to maintain their
integrity, you must connect the signal ground circuit directly between the two RS-232
linked devices.
To wire one RS-232 device to another:
1. Connect device A’s Tx lead to device B’s Rx lead.
2. Connect device A’s Rx lead to device B’s Tx lead.
3. Connect device A’s signal ground (SGnd) lead to device B’s SGnd lead.
RS-232 uses a common ground, which differs in electrical specification form NMEA’s
transmit/receive- pair arrangement. Because of these signal level differences, the way
you interconnect an RS-232 device and an NMEA device varies with the application.
Note: You may also encounter voltage differences when interconnecting older RS-232/NMEA
hardware. Take care to ensure the correct connections.
To wire an RS-232 device to provide input to an NMEA device:
1. Connect the RS-232 device TX lead to the NMEA device RX+ lead.
2. Connect the RS-232 device SGnd lead to the NMEA device RX- lead.
To wire an RS-232 device to provide and receive input from an NMEA
device:
1. Connect the RS-232 device Tx lead to the NMEA device Rx+ lead.
2. Connect the RS-232 device Rx lead to the NMEA device Tx+ lead.
3. Connect the RS-232 device SGnd lead to the NMEA device Tx- and Rx- leads.
There are some infrequent cases where binding the NMEA device Tx- and Rx- leads
together may cause difficulties. If you do encounter problems, you will need to use an
RS-232 to NMEA converter between the two devices. A converter is required in rare
cases, but is a good place to begin troubleshooting if problems arise with the RS-232/
NMEA connection. It should be noted that the modern Furuno radar systems do
require a converter.
Circuit grounding issues
The most important issue in electrical connections is proper circuit grounding. In
addition to all of the other electrical gremlins that poor grounding gives rise to,
instrument signals are easily scrambled if they are badly grounded. This results in
erratic and unreliable displays. Installations using both AC and DC current have a
separate ground circuit for each. In such cases, the checklist that follows will ensure
that the ground circuits are kept fully isolated:
• Always use isolating transformers or a separate power-inverter to run PC, monitors
and other sensitive electronic instruments or devices.
24
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
• Always use an isolating transformer with weather FAX audio cables.
• Always use an RS-232/NMEA converter with optical isolation on the signal lines.
• Always use PC’s and other devices that are directly DC powered.
Cables and cable runs
When installing system cables consider the following:
• All cables should be adequately secured, protected from physical damage and
exposure to heat. Avoid running cables through bilges or doorways, or close to
moving or hot objects.
• Acute bends must be avoided.
• Where a cable passes through an exposed bulkhead or deckhead, a watertight
feed-through should be used.
• Secure cables in place using tie-wraps or lacing twine. Coil any extra cable and tie
it out of the way.
• Do not pull cables through a bulkhead or deckhead using a cord
attached to the connector. This could damage the connections.
Proper cable shielding
For all but the shortest length cable runs, data cables must be shielded to prevent them
from picking up electrical noise from other devices, and to keep them from radiating
potential interference. If you encounter a data corruption problem, a good place to
begin troubleshooting is with the cable shielding, especially on longer cable runs.
Make sure the cable shielding hasn’t been scraped off by being squeezed through a
tight area.
Preventing interference and crosstalk
You should always run data cables:
• as isolated as possible.
• as far away from high current carrying AC and DC power lines as possible.
• as far away from antennas as possible.
While it may be convenient to bundle power and data cables together, this causes
crosstalk between them, which results in scrambled and unusable data. If you must
cross a power cable when running a data cable, try to make the crossing as close to 90o
as possible; never run power and data cables parallel within the same bundle.
If you have long cable runs planned for data cables, and are using NMEA equipment,
use a shielded twisted pair cable to eliminate the danger of interference and crosstalk.
Interfacing RNS
25
Interfacing RNS
Introduction
This section shows you how to connect various instruments and devices that can
interface with RNS with systems that use:
• NMEA devices.
• SeaTalk devices.
• hsb2 devices.
Connecting RNS to your instruments
The connection between the PC that is running RNS and your instruments is achieved
using a 9-pin cable, Raymarine Part No. E86001. One end connects directly to your PC’s
Serial Port, the other to the various devices.
Connecting directly to a GPS
Connecting RNS to a Global Positioning System (GPS) is the simplest way to get
position data.
To connect RNS directly to a GPS:
1. Verify that GPS NMEA output is turned ON.
2. Set the GPS datum to WGS84.
3. Using Raymarine Cable Part No.E86001, connect the cables as follows:
Cable color
GPS lead
Yellow (Rx)
NMEA + output
may also be labelled Tx, Tx+, Data out +, or NMEA OUT +.
Black (SGnd)
Not used
Green (Tx)
Not used
Black (SGnd)
NMEA - output
may also be labelled TX-, Data out-, NMEA- out, or Ground.
26
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
Connecting directly to NMEA equipped instruments
Most instrument systems are equipped to accept incoming NMEA data from your GPS,
and will output additional collected NMEA data, such as position, heading, speed,
water depth etc.
To connect directly to an NMEA equipped instrument system:
Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color
NMEA instrument lead
Yellow (Rx)
NMEA + output
may also be labelled Tx, Tx+, Data out +, or NMEA OUT +.
Black (SGnd)
NMEA - Input
may also be labelled RX-, Data In -, NMEA IN-, or Ground.
Green (Tx)
NMEA + Input
may also be labelled Rx, Rx+, Data In +, or NMEA IN +.
Black (SGnd)
NMEA - output
may also be labelled TX-, Data out-, NMEA- out, or Ground.
Connecting directly to radar
In order for RNS to be able to display variable range markers (VRM’s), electronic
bearing lines (EBL’s) and cursor information, the radar system you use must be able to
output the NMEA RSD string.
To display MARPA targets, your radar system must be able to output NMEA TLL or TTM
strings. If you are using this feature, make sure your radar system is correctly tracking
MARPA targets before connecting it to RNS.
To connect RNS directly to a radar system:
:
Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color
NMEA instrument lead
Yellow (Rx)
NMEA + output
may also be labelled Tx, Tx+, Data out +, or NMEA OUT +.
Black (SGnd)
Not used
Green (Tx)
Not used
Black (SGnd)
NMEA - output
may also be labelled TX-, Data out-, NMEA- out, or Ground.
Interfacing RNS
27
Connecting directly to an autopilot
The following cabling instructions apply to most autopilot systems, however, you
should also refer to the Manufacturer’s handbook that came with your autopilot.
Your autopilot must support NMEA 2.3 strings APA or APB.
To connect RNS directly to an autopilot:
Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color
Autopilot lead
Yellow (Rx)
Not used
Black (SGnd)
Not used
Green (Tx)
NMEA + Input
may also be labelled Rx, Rx+, Data In+, or NMEA IN+.
Black (SGnd)
NMEA - Input
may also be labelled Rx-, Data In-, NMEA IN-, or Ground.
28
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
Connecting specific instruments and devices
The sections that follow detail how to connect RNS to specific Manufacturer’s
instruments and devices.
SeaTalk devices
The following drawing shows how to connect an instrument system instruments using
the Raymarine SeaTalk data format.
Radar scanner
Wind Transducer
GPS
VHF/DSC
Radio
E85004
RayTech SeaTalk
E86001 Interface
9-pin cable
RAY240
SeaTalk
OK
MENU
CH
16/9
HI/L
WX
SCAN
WATCH
SQ
ES M
250
Wind
display
Depth
display
Speed
display
E85001
SeaTalk
Interface
D6975_1
Power
IN
SeaTalk
SeaTalk
SeaTalk
DSM 250
Power
IN
Power
IN
Power
IN
Depth
Transducer
Speed
Transducer
Transducer
Detailed connection of the 9-pin cable, Raymarine Part No. E 86001, and the SeaTalk
system using the RayTech SeaTalk Interface, Raymarine Part No. E85004 is detailed in
the following section.
Interfacing RNS
29
RayTech SeaTalk interface
The RayTech SeaTalk interface converts the SeaTalk data format into RS-232 signals
and vice-versa. When configuring your instrument connections within RNS, the COM
port to which SeaTalk is connected must be set to: Raymarine SeaTalk Interface. The
connections are:
RayTech RNS
Cable to
SeaTalk System
_
+
_
SeaTalk
+
Black
RS-232
Yellow
RS-232
RayTech SeaTalk Interface
Part No.E85004
SeaTalk
9 - pin cable
Part No. E86001
Red(v+)
Screen(0v)
Yellow(Data)
_
+
_
NMEA
+
NMEA
Black
Green
D6976_1
Mounting the interface box
To mount your SeaTalk interface box, select a suitable location that is:
• away from direct contact with water.
• clean and grease-free.
• easily accessible for cabling.
• reasonably well protected from physical damage.
30
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
To mount the interface box:
1.Once you have found a suitable location,
thoroughly clean the surface with an alcohol
based cleaner.
2.Remove the protective backing from the
SeaTalk interface box and firmly press on to the
mounting surface.
3.Alternatively the interface box may be attached
using the two self-tapping screws provided.
4.Remove the top of the interface box by gently
squeezing the lid at each end, and pulling it away
from the base.
D6982_1
5.Route all the necessary cables into the interface
box.
6.Connect the wires as shown in the illustration
above.
7.Secure the cables close to the interface box.
8.Replace the top of the box.
RayTech SeaTalk Interface box troubleshooting
If, after connecting your interface box, you have any problems interfacing RNS with
your PC the following check list may help cure the problem:
Symptom
Cause
Action
RNS LED unlit
No power supply
Check the SeaTalk bus connectors are correct
between the interface box and power supply
SeaTalk LED unlit
Not connected to other SeaTalk products
Check the connections between the interface
box and other SeaTalk products
NMEA LED unlit
1.Not connected to PC
Check the connections between the interface
box and your PC
2.RNS application not running
Ensure your PC is functioning correctly and RNS
is running
3.RS-232 port not assigned to instruments
Ensure instrument settings within RNS are
assigned to the correct RS-232 port.
Interfacing RNS
31
Connecting NMEA directly to Raymarine Pathfinder displays:
Pathfinder NMEA Out cable
9-pin Serial Cable
Part No. E86001
Pathfinder Power/Data cable
D6977_1
Pin No's.
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9
To connect NMEA directly to Raymarine Pathfinder displays:
Connect the cables as follows:
E86001 serial data cable
Yellow
PC Data IN (+)
Pin 2
Black
PC Data Ground (-)
Pin 5
Green
PC Data OUT (+)
Pin 3
Pathfinder power cable
Yellow
NMEA 1 IN (-)
Orange
NMEA 1 IN (+)
Blue
NMEA 2 IN (-)
Green
NMEA 2 IN (+)
Red
DC power (+)
Black
DC power (-)
Silver
RF Ground
Pathfinder NMEA Out cable
Blue
NMEA OUT (+)
White
NMEA OUT (-)
Silver
Not used
32
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
Connecting an hsb2 PCMCIA PC kit
To connect an hsb2 PCMCIA card to your PC system:
1. Place the RayTech CD-ROM into your computer’s CD-ROM drive.
2. Plug your hsb2 PCMCIA card into the PCMCIA slot.
HSB
D6
8
97
_1
2P
C IN
TER
FAC
E
D6979_1
The Add New Hardware wizard is displayed.
3. Follow the on-screen instructions.
4. Click Finish.
5. Attach the hsb2 /PC interface connector to the exposed socket on the PCMCIA card.
hsb2
PC
1
0_
98
D6
6. Attach an hsb2 transceiver cable from the hsb2/PC interface to your hsb2 system.
7. Ensure that each end of the hsb2 chain has an in-line terminator fitted.
Interfacing RNS
33
PCI to PCMCIA cardbus adapter
Wherever possible Raymarine recommend using a PC with a PCMCIA slot fitted as
standard, e.g. a laptop. However, if RNS is being integrated into a desk top PC then it
may be necessary to add a Type II compliant PCMCIA adapter. The following are typical
installation instructions, but if you experience problems, contact your PC
Manufacturer:
1. Install driver CD-ROM supplied with PCMCIA card adapter.
2. Follow the on-screen instructions to install driver software.
3. When the software is successfully installed, shut down and turn off the PC.
4. Open the PC case and plug the PCMCIA card adapter into a spare PCI slot.
5. Close the PC case and power up, as Windows opens the ‘Found New Hardware’
wizard will appear. Follow the on-screen instructions.
6. Once you have installed the PCMCIA card adapter follow the instructions detailed
in To connect an hsb2 PCMCIA card to your PC system: on page 32
Connecting to an Autohelm system
The optimum way to connect RNS to a Raytheon Autohelm system is to use the SeaTalk
interface, Raymarine Part No. E85004.
To connect RNS directly to an Autohelm system:
Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color
NMEA instrument lead
Yellow (Rx)
RS-232 + output
Black (SGnd)
NMEA - input
may also be labelled Rx-, Data IN -, or NMEA IN -, or Ground.
Green (Tx)
NMEA + input
may also be labelled Rx, Rx+, Data IN +, or NMEA IN +.
Black (SGnd)
NMEA - output
may also be labelled Tx -, Data Out -, NMEA OUT-, or Ground.
Connecting to B & G Instruments
RNS connects to the B & G 290, 390, 690, 790 and 2000 instrumentation systems via
the B & G Performance Board. Using the performance board has the advantage of
enabling RNS to automatically send data back to the B & G unit for remote display.
For details of how to connect to other B & G instruments, refer to the section NMEA
basics page 22.
34
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
To install RNS to a B & G Performance Board:
1. Install a jumper on the performance board between Pin 7 (RTS) and Pin 8 (CTS).
2. Set the Output Baud Rate setting (cross track error calculation value 2) to 6.4 bps.
Refer to the relevant Manufacturers handbook for instructions.
3. Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color
Performance board pin
Yellow (Rx)
Pin 10
Black (SGnd)
Not used
Green (Tx)
Pin 9
Black (SGnd)
Pin 11
To connect RNS to a B & G NMEA FFD display
Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color
NMEA FFD lead color
Yellow (RX)
Violet (NMEA output)
Black (SGnd)
Not used
Green (Tx)
Not used
Black (SGnd)
Black (Ground)
Connecting to KVH Instruments
RNS connects to KVH instruments via the KVH NMEA box or Race box interface
devices. Connecting via the Race box has the advantage of automatically sending RNS
data back to the KVH system displays. Using the Race box also requires you to use the
NMEA box, because the Race box does not propagate all of the NMEA data.
For details of how to connect to an NMEA box, refer to the section NMEA basics in this
appendix.
To connect RNS to a Race box:
Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color
Race box terminal
Yellow (Rx)
NMEA interface terminal 13 (Tx NMEA)
Black (SGnd)
NMEA interface terminal 14 (Negative)
Green (Tx)
Race interface terminal 3 (Rx NMEA)
Black (SGnd)
Race interface terminal 5 (Negative)
Interfacing RNS
35
Connecting to Ockam Instruments
RNS connects to Ockam instruments via the Ockam Model 050D RS-232 Interface (not
supplied). You must also set two switches on the Ockam unit.
You can connect RNS using any Ockam RS-232 interface, however for optimum
reliability of data transfer the Model 050D is recommended.
To connect to a Model 050D RS-232 interface:
1. On the interface, set switch S1 to 4.
2. Set switch S2 to D.
3. Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color
Ockam 050D pin
Yellow (Rx)
Pin 4
Black (SGnd)
Not used
Green (Tx)
Pin 2
Black (SGnd)
Pin1
Connecting a USB C-Card Reader
This section describes connecting a USB C-Card reader to your PC system.
To install a USB C-Card reader to your PC:
1. Plug your C-Map USB C-Card reader into your computer.
2. Click Start on the computer taskbar. The pop-up menu is displayed.
3. Click Control Panel. The control panel is displayed.
D6979_1
4. Click Add/Remove Hardware. The Add/Remove Hardware wizard is displayed.
5. Click Next. Follow the on-screen instructions.
36
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
Fully integrated system
The following illustration shows an example of a fully integrated system using SeaTalk,
hsb2 and NMEA connections to pass data to and from RNS.
Scanner
GPS
hsb2 Series Display
Serial
Port 1
PCMCIA
Interface
Serial
Port 2
E86001
9 pin cable
hsb2 Series Display
E86019
hsb2- PC
Interface
In-line
terminator
E85004
SeaTalk
Interface
10 Hz NMEA
10 Hz NMEA
SeaTalk
SeaTalk
hsb2
hsb2
12/24V Supply
SeaTalk
Fluxgate
Compass
12/24V Supply
Course Computer (G series)
Distribution Panel
12/24V Supply
SeaTalk
SeaTalk
SeaTalk
Optional 10 Hz NMEA
fast heading to PC using
E86001 cable to Serial Port 2
Typical SeaTalk System
D6981_1
Interfacing RNS
37
Integrated system checks
When RNS is installed on your PC and connections have been made to hsb2 and
SeaTalk, carry out the following checks:
General
Power up the whole system including PC, hsb2 displays, instruments and any other
navigation equipment that is connected to the system.
SeaTalk
1. Check GPS setup page on one of your Raymarine hsb2 displays and ensure that
there is a FIX.
2. Select the chart screen on RNS and click Find Vessel. Make sure that the vessel
symbol is centered on the screen in the correct location. If it is not check all SeaTalk
connections.
3. Check Nav data (a half- screen data page) on a Raymarine hsb2 display. This should
show available SeaTalk data from instruments (wind, speed, depth, etc.) and autopilot (heading, rudder position, pilot status, etc.).
4. Select suitable databoxes on RNS and ensure all SeaTalk data is displayed.
hsb2
1. Check on one of your Raymarine hsb2 displays hat all the expected options (chart,
radar, sonar) are available by pressing the DISPLAY button.
2. Set up RNS to show all of the same options as listed in 1. Make sure the radar and
sonar picture match from your hsb2 display to RNS. If they do not, check all hsb2
connections.
3. Chart data an be shared via hsb2. With a chart cartridge installed in a Raymarine
hsb2 display, check that the same cartography is displayed on RNS.
On the RNS chart page, turn raster charts OFF, and C-Map ON. Click the RANGE
button to zoom in and check that the chart data is correct.
38
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
Technical support
39
Technical support
Introduction
Raymarine provides a comprehensive customer support service, on the world wide
web, through our worldwide dealer network and by telephone helpline. If you are
unable to resolve a problem, please use any of these facilities to obtain additional help.
World wide web
Please visit the Customer Support area of our website at: www.raymarine.com.
As well as providing a comprehensive Frequently Asked Questions section and
servicing information, the website also gives e-mail access to the Raymarine Technical
Support Department and details of the locations of Raymarine agents, worldwide.
If you don’t have access to the world wide web, contact Technical Support where
specialists are available to answer questions about installing, operating and
troubleshooting all Raymarine products.
Help us to help you
When requesting service, please quote the following product information:
• Equipment type(s).
• Model number(s).
• Serial number(s).
• Software version number(s).
Contacting Raymarine in the US
You can contact Raymarine in the US using the previously detailed world wide web or
by calling one of the telephone numbers below:
Accessories and parts
You can obtain Raymarine accessories and parts directly from your authorized
Raymarine dealer.
However, if your Raymarine dealer does not have the item you want, contact
Raymarine Technical Services at:
1-800-539-5539, extension 2333, or
(603)- 881 - 5200
You can use these numbers Monday through Friday 0815 hrs to 1700 hrs Eastern
Standard Time or Eastern Daylight Savings Time.
40
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
If you are not sure which item is appropriate for your system or unit, you should first
contact the Technical Support Department to verify your requirements at:
1 - 800 - 539 - 5539, extension 2444, or
(603) - 881 - 5200
Product repair and service
In the unlikely event that a Raymarine unit should develop a problem, contact your
authorized Raymarine dealer for assistance. The dealer is best equipped to handle your
service requirements and can offer timesaving help in getting your equipment back
into normal operation.
If repairs cannot be obtained conveniently, you can obtain product service by returning
the unit to:
Raymarine Product Repair Center,
22 Cotton Road, Unit D,
Nashua, NH 03603 - 4219
The Product Repair Center is open Monday through Friday 0815 hrs to 1700 hrs Eastern
Standard Time or Eastern Daylight Savings Time.
All products returned to the Repair Center are registered upon receipt and a
confirmation letter is sent to acknowledge the repair status and the reference number
of the product.
We will make every effort to carry out the repair and return your unit as quickly as
possible.
Contacting Raymarine in Europe
You can obtain technical support, service and accessories from your authorized
Raymarine dealer, or by contacting:
Raymarine Limited
Anchorage Park
Portsmouth
PO3 5TD
England
Tel: +44 (0)23 9271 4713
Fax: +44 (0)23 9269 4642
41
List of Abbreviations
Abbreviation
Definition
AC
Alternating Current
CAN
Controller Area Network
CD
Compact Disc
DC
Direct Current
DDS
Differential Data Signal
DGPS
Differential Global Positioning System
EBL
Electronic Bearing Line
EMC
Electromagnetic Compatibility
GHz
Giga Hertz
GPS
Global Positioning System
GRiB
GRidded Binary
GUI
Graphical User Interface
m
meters
mA
milli Amperes
MARPA
Mini Automatic Radar Plotting Aid
MB
Mega Bytes
MHz
Mega Hertz
NMEA
National Marine Electronics Association
NOAA
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Association
PC
Personal Computer
RAM
Random Access Memory
ROM
Read Only Memory
Rx
Receive
SSB
Single Side Band
SST
Sea Surface Temperature
Tx
Transmit
USB
Universal Serial Bus
VHF
Very High Frequency
VRM
Variable Range Marker
42
RayTech RNS v5.0 - Getting Started