LittleBoard™800
Single Board Computer
Reference Manual
P/N 5001816B Revision A
Notice Page
NOTICE
No part of this document may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or
translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
magnetic, optical, chemical, manual, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of ADLINK
Technology, Incorporated.
DISCLAIMER
ADLINK Technology, Incorporated makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents of
this manual or of the associated ADLINK products, and specifically disclaims any implied warranties of
merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. ADLINK shall under no circumstances be liable for
incidental or consequential damages or related expenses resulting from the use of this product, even if it has
been notified of the possibility of such damages. ADLINK reserves the right to revise this publication from
time to time without obligation to notify any person of such revisions. If errors are found, please contact
ADLINK at the address shown at the bottom of this notice.
TRADEMARKS
CoreModule and the Ampro logo are registered trademarks, and ADLINK, Little Board, LittleBoard,
MightyBoard, MightySystem, MilSystem, MiniModule, ReadyBoard, ReadyBox, ReadyPanel,
ReadySystem, and RuffSystem are trademarks of ADLINK Technology, Inc. All other marks are the
property of their respective companies.
REVISION HISTORY
Revision
Reason for Change
Date
A, A
Initial Release
Mar/07
A, B
Added 1.0 Ghz power measurements
Nov/07
B, A
Corrected pin 1 on J30 and pin 5 on J2;
corrected 800 MHz power
measurements in Table 2-6; updated
Southbridge from ICH4-M to ICH4;
added Figure 2-7; added PCI-to-ISA
Bridge Mapping to Ch 4; added pinouts
to Ch 3; updated audio chip to ALC203
Mar/09
ADLINK Technology, Incorporated
5215 Hellyer Avenue
San Jose, CA 95138-1007
Tel. 408 360-0200
Fax 408 360-0222
www.adlinktech.com
© Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 ADLINK Technology, Incorporated
Audience
This reference manual is for the person who designs computer related equipment, including but not limited
to hardware and software design and implementation of the same. ADLINK Technology, Inc. assumes you
are qualified in designing and implementing your hardware designs and their related software into your
prototype computer equipment.
ii
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Contents
Chapter 1
About This Manual ....................................................................................................1
Purpose of this Manual ....................................................................................................................1
References ......................................................................................................................................1
Chapter 2
Product Overview......................................................................................................3
EBX Architecture..............................................................................................................................3
Product Description..........................................................................................................................4
Board Features ..........................................................................................................................4
Block Diagram ............................................................................................................................7
Major Components (ICs).............................................................................................................7
Header Definitions ....................................................................................................................10
Jumper Definitions ....................................................................................................................13
Specifications.................................................................................................................................13
Physical Specifications .............................................................................................................13
Environmental Specifications....................................................................................................14
Power Specifications ................................................................................................................14
Thermal/Cooling Requirements ................................................................................................14
Chapter 3
Hardware .................................................................................................................17
Overview ........................................................................................................................................17
Interrupt Channel Assignments ................................................................................................18
Memory Map ............................................................................................................................19
I/O Address Map ......................................................................................................................19
Floppy Drive Interface....................................................................................................................20
Parallel Port Interface ....................................................................................................................20
Serial Interfaces ............................................................................................................................21
Utility Interfaces ............................................................................................................................26
Utility 1 Interface ......................................................................................................................26
Keyboard Interface ..............................................................................................................26
External Battery ...................................................................................................................26
Reset Switch........................................................................................................................26
Speaker ...............................................................................................................................27
Utility 2 Interface .......................................................................................................................27
System Management Bus (SMBus) ....................................................................................28
USB Signals (USB1 and USB2) ..........................................................................................28
Mouse Interface...................................................................................................................28
Infrared Port (IrDA) .............................................................................................................28
Utility 3 Interface ......................................................................................................................30
USB Signals (USB3 and USB4) ..........................................................................................30
Audio Interface...............................................................................................................................30
Video Interfaces ............................................................................................................................31
CRT Interface ..........................................................................................................................32
LVDS Interface .........................................................................................................................32
Power Interfaces ............................................................................................................................33
Power In....................................................................................................................................33
Miscellaneous ................................................................................................................................35
Real Time Clock (RTC) ............................................................................................................35
Temperature Monitoring ..........................................................................................................35
Oops! Jumper (BIOS Recovery) ...............................................................................................35
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
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Contents
Serial Console.......................................................................................................................... 35
Serial Console Setup .......................................................................................................... 36
Hot (Serial) Cable .............................................................................................................. 36
Watchdog Timer....................................................................................................................... 36
Optional CPU Fan .................................................................................................................... 37
LAN LED .................................................................................................................................. 37
Chapter 4
BIOS Setup .............................................................................................................. 39
Introduction.................................................................................................................................... 39
Entering BIOS Setup (VGA Display) ........................................................................................ 39
Entering BIOS Setup (Serial Console) ..................................................................................... 39
PCI-ISA Bridge Mapping ............................................................................................................... 40
Logo Screen Utility (Splash Screen) ............................................................................................. 40
Logo Screen Image Requirements ......................................................................................... 40
Appendix A
Technical Support .................................................................................................. 41
Index
.................................................................................................................................. 43
List of Figures
Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-2.
Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-4.
Figure 2-5.
Figure 2-6.
Figure 2-7.
Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-3.
Stacking PC/104 Modules with the LittleBoard 800 ................................................ 4
Functional Block Diagram ....................................................................................... 7
Component Locations (Front view) ......................................................................... 9
Component Locations (Back view) ........................................................................ 10
Connector Pin-Out Identification ........................................................................... 11
Connector Locations (Top view)............................................................................ 12
LittleBoard 800 Dimensions .................................................................................. 15
RS485 Serial Port Implementation ........................................................................ 22
Oops! Jumper Connection..................................................................................... 35
Hot Cable Jumper ................................................................................................. 36
List of Tables
Table 2-1.
Table 2-2.
Table 2-3.
Table 2-4.
Table 2-5.
Table 2-6.
Table 3-1.
Table 3-2.
Table 3-3.
Table 3-4.
Table 3-5.
Table 3-6.
Table 3-7.
Table 3-8.
Table 3-9.
Table 3-10.
Table 3-11.
Table 3-12.
Table 3-13.
Table 3-14.
Major Integrated Circuit Description and Function .................................................. 7
Header Descriptions .............................................................................................. 10
Jumper Settings .................................................................................................... 13
Weight and Footprint Dimensions ......................................................................... 13
Environmental Requirements ................................................................................ 14
Power Supply Requirements ................................................................................. 14
Interrupt Channel Assignments ............................................................................. 18
Memory Map ......................................................................................................... 19
I/O Address Map ................................................................................................... 19
Parallel Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J16) .................................................... 20
Serial A Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J11).................................................... 22
Serial B Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J12).................................................... 24
Utility 1 Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J15) .................................................... 27
SMBus Reserved Addresses ................................................................................ 28
Utility 2 Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J13) .................................................... 29
Utility 3 Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J14) .................................................... 30
Audio Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J9) ......................................................... 31
CRT Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J3) ........................................................... 32
LVDS Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J26) ....................................................... 32
Power Supply Input Pin/Signal Descriptions (J19) ................................................ 34
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Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Contents
Table 3-15.
Table 3-16.
Table 3-17.
Table 3-18.
Table A-1.
LittleBoard 800
Power On Button and Reset Switch Header Pin/Signal Descriptions (J29)...........34
Power On Header Pin/Signal Descriptions (J30) ...................................................34
Optional CPU Fan (J21) ........................................................................................37
Ethernet External LED Pin/Signal Descriptions (J28) ............................................37
Technical Support Contact Information..................................................................41
Reference Manual
v
Contents
vi
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 1
About This Manual
Purpose of this Manual
This manual is for designers of systems based on the LittleBoard™ 800 single board computer (SBC). This
manual contains information that permits designers to create an embedded system based on specific design
requirements.
Information provided in this reference manual includes:
•
LittleBoard 800 specifications
•
Environmental requirements
•
Major integrated circuits (chips) and features implemented
•
Header/connector pin numbers and definitions
•
BIOS Setup information
Information not provided in this reference manual includes:
•
Detailed chip specifications
•
Internal component operation
•
Internal registers or signal operations
•
Bus or signal timing for industry standard busses and signals
References
The following list of references may be helpful for you to complete your design successfully. Most of these
references are also available on the Ampro By ADLINK web site in the InfoCenter. The InfoCenter was
created for embedded system developers to share ADLINK’s knowledge, insight, and expertise.
Specifications:
•
EBX Spec Revision 2.0, March 1 2005
For the latest version of the EBX specifications, contact the PC/104 Consortium, at:
Web site: http://www.pc104.org
•
PC/104 Spec Revision 2.5, November 2003
•
PC/104-Plus Spec Revision 2, November 2003
For latest revision of the PC/104 specifications, contact the PC/104 Consortium, at:
Web site: http://www.pc104.org
•
PCI 2.2 Compliant Specifications
For latest revision of the PCI specifications, contact the PCI Special Interest Group Office at:
Web site: http://www.pcisig.com
Chip specifications used on the LittleBoard 800:
•
Intel Corporation and the Celeron M or Pentium M processors used for the embedded CPU.
Web site: http://www.intel.com/design/mobile/datashts/252612.htm = Pentium M
Web site: http://www.intel.com/design/intarch/datashts/301753.htm = Celeron M
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
1
Chapter 1
•
About This Manual
Intel Corporation and the 82855GME and 82801DB chips, used for the Memory Hub/Video controller
and I/O Hub, respectively.
Web site: http://www.intel.com/products/chipsets/855gme/index.htm = Memory Hub
Web site: http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/290744.htm = I/O Hub
•
Intel Corporation and the 82551ER and 82541(GI/PI) chips, used for the Fast Ethernet and Gigabit
Ethernet controllers respectively.
Web site: http://www.intel.com/design/network/datashts/82551ER_ds.htm = Ethernet
Web site: http://www.intel.com/design/network/datashts/82541gi_ei.htm = Gigabit Ethernet
•
Standard Microsystems Corp and the LPC47B272 chip, used for both Super I/O controllers.
Web site: http://www.smsc.com/main/catalog/lpc47b272.html
•
Realtek and the ALC203-LF chip, used for the Audio CODEC.
Web site: http://www.realtek.com.tw/products/
productsView.aspx?Langid=1&PFid=29&Level=5&Conn=4&ProdID=53
•
ITE Tech. Inc. and the IT8888F chip, used for the PCI-to-ISA bridge conversion.
Web site: http://www.ite.com.tw/EN/products_more.aspx?CategoryID=3&ID=5,76
NOTE
2
If you are unable to locate the datasheets using the links provided, go to the
manufacturer’s web site where you should be able to perform a search using the
chip datasheet number or name listed, including the extension, htm, pdf, etc.
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 2
Product Overview
This introduction presents general information about the EBX architecture and the LittleBoard 800 single
board computer (SBC). After reading this chapter you should understand:
•
EBX Architecture
•
LittleBoard 800 description
•
LittleBoard 800 features
•
Major components
•
Header definitions
•
Jumper Header definitions
•
Specifications (physical, environmental, power, cooling)
EBX Architecture
The “Embedded Board, eXpandable” (EBX) standard is the result of a collaboration between industry
leaders, Motorola and Ampro, to unify the embedded computing industry on a full featured embedded
single-board computer (SBC) standard. The EBX standard principally defines physical size, mounting hole
pattern, and power connector locations. It does not specify processor type or electrical characteristics. There
are recommended connector placements for serial/parallel, Ethernet, graphics, and memory expansion.
Derived from the Ampro LittleBoard form-factor originated in 1984, EBX combines a standard footprint
with open interfaces. The EBX form-factor is small enough for deeply embedded applications, yet large
enough to contain the functions of a fully embedded SBC (single board computer) including CPU, memory,
mass storage interfaces, display controller, serial/parallel ports, today’s advanced operating systems, and
other system functions. This embedded SBC standard ensures that embedded system OEMs can standardize
their designs and that embedded computing solutions can be designed into space constrained environments
with off-the-shelf components.
The EBX standard boasts highly flexible and adaptable system expansion, allowing easy and modular
addition of functions such as additional USB 2.0 ports, Firewire or wireless networking not usually
contained in standard product offerings. The EBX system expansion is based on popular existing industry
standards, PC/104™ and PC/104-Plus™. PC/104 places the ISA bus on compact 3.6" x 3.8" modules with
self-stacking capability. PC/104-Plus adds the power of a PCI bus to PC/104 while retaining the basic formfactor. Using PC/104 expansion cards, the PC/104 standard offers access to PC cards from the mobile and
handheld computing markets.
The EBX standard integrates all these off-the-shelf standards into a highly embeddable SBC form-factor.
EBX supports the legacy of PC/104, hosting the wide variety of embedded system oriented expansion
modules from hundreds of companies worldwide. PC/104 brings the advantages of the latest portable and
mobile system expansion technologies to embedded applications. See Figure 2-1 on page 4.
The EBX standard also brings stability to the embedded board market and offers OEMs assurance that a
wide range of products will be available from multiple sources – now and in the future. The EBX standard is
open to continuing technology advancements since it is processor independent. It creates opportunity for
economies of scale in chassis, power supply, and peripheral devices.
The EBX specification is freely available to all interested. For further technical information on the EBX
standard, go to the PC/104 Consortium web site at www.pc104.org.
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
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Chapter 2
Product Overview
4-40 screws (4)
PC/104 Module
PC/104 Plus Module
PCI Stackthrough
Headers
ISA Bus
Stackthrough
Expansion
Headers
LB800stackthru
0.6 inch spacers (4)
Little Board 800
0.6 inch spacers (4)
4-40 nuts (4)
Figure 2-1. Stacking PC/104 Modules with the LittleBoard 800
Product Description
The LittleBoard 800 is an exceptionally high integration, high performance, rugged, and high quality singleboard system, which contains all the component subsystems of a PC motherboard plus the equivalent of up
to 3 expansion boards. Based on the Intel Pentium® M and Celeron® M ultra high performance, highintegration processor, the LittleBoard 800 gives designers a complete, high performance embedded
processor based on the EBX form factor and conforms to the EBX V2.0 specifications.
Each LittleBoard 800 incorporates an Intel 855GME chipset for the Graphics and Memory Hub
(Northbridge) and the I/O Hub (Southbridge) controllers. This set includes the 82855GME, Graphics and
Memory Controller Hub, (also GMCH), which controls the graphics and memory interface. The other chip
in this set is the 82801DB, I/O Controller Hub 4 (ICH4), which controls some of the I/O functions on the
board. There are two additional chips that provide the remainder of the I/O functions: the Standard
Microsystems, LPC47B272, Super I/O controllers. Together the Intel and SMSC chips provide four serial
ports, an EPP/ECP parallel port, four USB 2.0 ports, PS/2 keyboard and mouse interfaces, floppy and two
Ultra/DMA 33/66/100 IDE controllers supporting two IDE drives each. To provide the ISA bus on the board
through the PC/104 connector, an ITE, IT8888F, PCI-to-ISA Bridge is included. The LittleBoard 800 also
supports up to 1GB of DDR RAM in a single 184-pin DDR DIMM slot, and an AGP4x equivalent graphics
controller, which provides CRT and LVDS flat panel video interfaces for most popular LCD panels.
The LittleBoard 800 can be expanded through the PC/104 and PC/104-Plus expansion for additional system
functions, as these buses offer compact, self-stacking, modular expandability. The PC/104 and PC/104-Plus
buses are the embedded system version of the signal set provided on a desktop PC’s ISA and PCI buses at
8MHz and 33MHz clock speeds, respectively.
Among the many embedded-PC enhancements on the LittleBoard 800 that ensure embedded system
operation and application versatility are a watchdog timer, serial console support, battery-free boot, onboard, high-density Compact Flash disk, and BIOS extensions for OEM boot customization.
The LittleBoard 800 is particularly well suited to either embedded or portable applications and meets the
size, power consumption, temperature range, quality, and reliability demands of embedded system
applications. It can be stacked with Ampro MiniModules™ or other PC/104-compliant expansion boards, or
it can be used as a powerful computing engine.
Board Features
•
4
CPU features
♦
Intel 1.4GHz LV, Pentium® M 738, 1.0GHz ULV Celeron M 373, or 800MHz ULV Celeron M
Processors
♦
2MB (Pentium) or 512KB (Celeron) L2 cache (800MHz Celeron is cacheless)
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 2
♦
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Product Overview
400MHz FSB
Memory
♦
Single standard 184-pin DDR DIMM slot
♦
Supports non-ECC or unbuffered ECC memory
♦
Supports +2.5V DDR RAM up to 1GB
♦
Supports up to PC2700 DDR 333 (166MHz)
PC/104-Plus Bus Interfaces
♦
PCI Bus up to 33MHz
♦
PCI 2.2 compliant signals
♦
PC/104 (ISA) Bus up to 8MHz
IDE Interfaces
♦
Provides two enhanced IDE controllers (4 devices)
♦
Supports dual bus master mode
♦
Supports Ultra DMA 33/66/100 modes
♦
Supports ATAPI and DVD peripherals
♦
Supports IDE native and ATA compatibility modes
Floppy Disk Interface
♦
Supports one standard floppy disk drive interface
♦
Supports all standard PC/AT formats: 360KB, 1.2MB, 720KB, 1.44MB, 2.88MB
Parallel Port
♦
Provides a standard printer interface
♦
Supports IEEE standard 1284 protocols of EPP and ECP outputs
♦
Supports Bi-directional data lines
♦
Supports 16 byte FIFO for ECP mode.
Serial Ports
♦
Four buffered serial ports with full handshaking
♦
Provides 16550-equivalent controllers, each with a built-in 16-byte FIFO buffer
♦
Supports full modem capability on two of the four ports
♦
Supports RS232, RS485, or RS422 operation on each port
♦
Supports programmable word length, stop bits, and parity
♦
Supports 16-bit programmable baud-rate generator and an interrupt generator
USB Ports
♦
Provides two root USB hubs
♦
Provides up to four USB ports
♦
Supports USB boot devices
♦
Supports USB v2.0 EHCI and UHCI v1.1
♦
Supports over-current detection status
Infrared Interface
♦
Supports IrDA 1.1 signals through Utility 2 connector
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
5
Chapter 2
•
•
•
•
•
6
Product Overview
Keyboard/Mouse Interface
♦
Provides PS/2 keyboard interface
♦
Provides PS/2 mouse interface
Audio interface
♦
Provides AC’97 CODEC on board
♦
Supports AC’97 standard
Ethernet Interface
♦
Provides two fully independent Ethernet ports
♦
Provides integrated LEDs on each port (Link/Activity and Speed)
♦
Provides Intel 82551ER and 82541(GI/PI) controller chips
♦
Provides extra header for LAN LED signals (gigabit only)
♦
Supports IEEE 802.3 10/100BaseT and 10/100/1000BaseT compatible physical layers
♦
Supports Auto-negotiation for speed, duplex mode, and flow control
♦
Supports full duplex or half-duplex mode
•
Full-duplex mode supports transmit and receive frames simultaneously
•
Supports IEEE 802.3x Flow control in full duplex mode
•
Half-duplex mode supports enhanced proprietary collision reduction mode
Video Interfaces (CRT/LVDS)
♦
Support CRT (2048 x 1536) with up to 64MB UMA (Unified Memory Architecture)
♦
AGP 4X equivalent graphics performance
♦
Dual channel 9-, 12-, or 18-bit LVDS
♦
LVDS outputs (1 or 2 channel, four differential signals: 3-bits + clock)
Miscellaneous
♦
Real-time clock (RTC) with replaceable battery
♦
Battery-free boot (Boots even if battery is dead or missing)
♦
Supports both on-board or external battery for Real Time Clock operation
♦
Thermal and Voltage monitoring
♦
Oops! Jumper (BIOS recovery) support
♦
Serial Console
♦
Watchdog timer (WDT)
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 2
Product Overview
Block Diagram
Figure 2-2 on page 7 shows the functional components of the board.
CPU
Intel Pentium M
or Celeron M
LVDS
Connector
CRT
Connector
PC/104
Connector
Clock
Memory Hub
(Northbridge)
855GME
DDR
SDRAM
DIMM
SM Bus
PC/104-Plus
Bus Connector
ATA
IDE Primary
IDE Secondary
I/O Hub
(Southbridge)
82801DB
Compact Flash
PCI Bus
USB
Ethernet
Controller
82551ER
Gigabit
Ethernet
Controller
82541(GI/PI)
LPC Bus
AC’97
CODEC
USB Port 1
USB Port 2
USB Port 3
USB Port 4
Flash (BIOS)
Memory
FWH
LB800_R_BlkDiag_02
PCI - ISA
Bridge
Magnetics
Magnetics
Keyboard
RJ45
RJ45
Mouse
IrDA
Floppy
Parallel
Super I/O-1
LPC47B272
RS232
Transceiver
and
RS422/485
Transceiver
COM 3
Super I/O-2
LPC47B272
COM 4
RS232
Transceiver
and
RS422/485
Transceiver
COM 2
COM 1
Figure 2-2. Functional Block Diagram
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
7
Chapter 2
Product Overview
Major Components (ICs)
Table 2-1 on page 8 lists the major ICs, including a brief description of each, on the LittleBoard 800.
Figures 2-3 and 2-4 show the locations of the chips.
Table 2-1. Major Integrated Circuit Description and Function
8
Chip Type
CPU (U1)
Mfg.
Intel
Model
Pentium M or
Celeron M
Description
CPUs offered at 1.4GHz (LV
Pentium M), 1.0GHz (ULV
Celeron M), or 800MHz (ULV
Celeron M)
Function
Embedded CPU
Memory Hub (U2)
Intel
82855GME
Memory functions plus Video
Memory and
Video
I/O Hub (U3)
Intel
82801DB
Some of the I/O functions
I/O Functions
Super I/O 1 & 2
(U14, U16)
[On back of board;
see Figure 2-4]
SMC
LPC47B272
The remaining I/O controller
functions
I/O Functions
Audio AC’97
CODEC (U7)
Realtek
ALC203-LF
Audio AC’97 CODEC for audio
signals
Audio
In/Out
Fast Ethernet
Controller (U9)
[On back of board;
see Figure 2-4]
Intel
82551ER
10/100BaseT Ethernet controller
Ethernet
functions
Gigabit Ethernet
Controller (U11)
[On back of board;
see Figure 2-4]
Intel
82541(GI/PI)
10/100/1000BaseT Ethernet
controller
Ethernet
functions
Ethernet
Transformer (T1)
Pulse
H5004
Gigabit Ethernet Transformer
Ethernet
Magnetics
Ethernet
Transformer (U31)
Pulse
H1102NLT
Fast Ethernet Transformer
Ethernet
Magnetics
RS232 Transceiver
(U17) [On back of
board; see Figure 24]
Maxim
MAX213EEAI
RS232 Transceiver for COM1
and COM2
Serial Ports 1
and 2
Transceiver
RS485/422
Transceiver (U18)
Linear
LTC1334CG#
PBF
RS422/485 Transceiver for
COM1 and COM2
Serial Ports 1
and 2
Transceiver
RS232 Transceiver
(U19)
Maxim
MAX213EEAI
RS232 Transceiver for COM3
and COM4
Serial Ports 3
and 4
Transceiver
RS485/422
Transceiver
(U20)[On back of
board; see Figure 24]
Linear
LTC1334CG#
PBF
RS422/485 Transceiver for
COM3 and COM4
Serial Ports 3
and 4
Transceiver
ISA Bridge (U51)
[On back of board;
see Figure 2-4]
ITE
IT8888F
PCI-to-ISA bridge conversion
ISA Bus
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 2
Product Overview
U7
U7
U1
U1
U2
U2
U3
U3
U13
U13
T1 U31
T1 U31
U19
U18
U19
U18
Figure 2-3. Component Locations (Front view)
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
9
Chapter 2
Product Overview
U51
U9
U11
U17
U14
U16
U20
Figure 2-4. Component Locations (Back view)
Headers and Connectors
Table 2-2 describes the headers and connectors shown in Figure 2-6 on page 12. All I/O headers use 0.100"
(2.54mm) pin spacing unless otherwise indicated.
Table 2-2. Header and Connector Descriptions
10
Jack #
Name
Description
SK1
Battery Socket
Battery socket for 3 volt Lithium battery
DIMM1
Memory
184-pin, .050" (1.27mm), slot for a single DDR RAM DIMM
J1A,B,
C,D
PC/104 bus
104-pins for PC/104 connector
J2A,B,
C,D
PC/104-Plus
120-pin, .079" (2mm), connector for PCI bus
J3
Video (CRT)
10-pin connector for output to a CRT type monitor
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 2
Product Overview
Table 2-2. Header and Connector Descriptions (Continued)
J6
Primary IDE
40-pin connector for the primary IDE interface
J7
Secondary IDE
40-pin connector for the secondary IDE interface
J8
Compact Flash
50-pin, .050" (1.27mm), socket accepts Type I or Type II Compact Flash
cards
J9
Audio In/Out
26-pin, .079" (2mm), connector for all of the audio signals (input/output)
J10
Ethernet 2
8-pin RJ45 connector for 10/100/1000BaseT Ethernet port
J11
Serial A
20-pin connector for serial ports 1 and 2 (COM 1 & COM 2)
J12
Serial B
20-pin connector for serial ports 3 and 4 (COM 3 & COM 4)
J13
Utility 2
24-pin connector for mouse, IrDA, SMBus, USB 0 & 1, power button
J14
Utility 3
10-pin connector for USB2 and USB3 ports
J15
Utility 1
16-pin connector for keyboard, external battery, reset switch, speaker
J16
Parallel
26-pin connector for parallel port
J17
Floppy
34-pin connector for floppy disk drive interface
J19
Power In
7-pin, 0.156" (3.96mm), connector for input power
J21
Optional Fan
3-pin header provides +5V, tach, and ground to optional CPU fan
J23
Ethernet 1
8-pin RJ45 connector for 10/100BaseT Ethernet port
J26
Video (LVDS)
30-pin, .079" (2mm), connector for LVDS type video displays
J28
LAN LED
5-pin LAN LED connector for extra gigabit Ethernet LED
J29
Power Button
5-pin header for ATX power button cable
J30
Power-On
3-pin connector for ATX power-on functions
NOTE
ADLINK uses a connector/header identification method in Chapter 3 to avoid
difficult to see visible numbering next to the headers. For example, a 20-pin
header with two rows of pins, using odd/even numbering, where pin-2 is directly
across and adjacent to pin-1, is noted in this way; 20-pin, two rows, odd/even (1,
2). Alternately, a 20-pin header using consecutive numbering, where pin-11 is
directly across and adjacent to pin-1, is noted in this way: 20-pin, two rows,
consecutive (1, 11). The second number in the parenthesis is always directly
across from and adjacent to pin-1, with a few exceptions (DIMM1 slot, PC/104Plus, PC/104). See Figure 2-5.
19
9 7531
10
54 3 21
20
15
20-pin, two rows,
20-pin, two rows,
Odd/Even, (1, 2)
Or Consecutive, (1, 11)
20
10 8 6 4 2
11
Figure 2-5. Connector Pin-Out Identification
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
11
Chapter 2
Product Overview
JP1
J26
J21
J3
J9
J14
DIMM1
J2
J1
JP4
J16
J30
J13
J29
J15
J12
J11
J17
J7
Ethernet
Grounding
Pad
J6
Figure 2-6. Header and Connector Locations (Front view)
CAUTION
NOTE
12
The two Ethernet ports share a common ground (transformer center tap),
that is floating until you determine how the common ground is
connected. The grounding holes (8) of the LittleBoard 800 are connected
to ground potential (return) of the DC power supply connected to the
board through J19.
Pin-1 is shown as a black pin (square or round) in all connectors and jumpers in
all illustrations.
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 2
Product Overview
Jumper Headers
Table 2-3 describes the jumper headers shown in Figure 2-6 on page 12.
Table 2-3. Jumper Settings
Jumper #
Installed
Removed/Installed
JP1 – LVDS Voltage Select
Enable +3.3V (pins 1-2) Default
Enable +5V (pins 2-3)
JP2 – Compact Flash
Master/Slave
Enable Slave (pins 1-2)
Enable Master (pins 2-3) Default
JP3 – Compact Flash
Voltage Selection
Enable +5V (pins 1-2) Default
Enable +3.3V (pins 2-3)
JP4 – Serial Port 1
RS485 Termination
Enable Termination (pins 1-2)
Disable Termination (Removed)
Default
JP5 – Serial Port 2
RS485 Termination
Enable Termination (pins 1-2)
Disable Termination (Removed)
Default
JP6 – Serial Port 3
RS485 Termination
Enable Termination (pins 1-2)
Disable Termination (Removed)
Default
JP7 – Serial Port 4
RS485 Termination
Enable Termination (pins 1-2)
Disable Termination (Removed)
Default
JP19 – CMOS Normal/Clear
Clear CMOS (pins 1-2)
Normal (Removed) Default
Note: Only the jumper headers listed above are populated on the board. Jumpers or shunts use .079"
(2mm) spacing. A jumper that is removed may be placed on one of the jumper pins for safe
keeping.
Specifications
Physical Specifications
Table 2-4 gives the physical dimensions of the board.
Table 2-4.
Weight and Footprint Dimensions
Item
Weight
Height (overall)
NOTE
Dimension
0.351kg. (0.775lbs.)
24.94mm (0.982")
Width
146mm (5.75")
Length
203mm (8.0")
Thickness
LittleBoard 800
2.36mm (0.093")
Reference Manual
Overall height is measured from the
upper board surface to the highest
permanent component (battery in
socket) on the upper board surface.
This measurement does not include
the various heatsinks or various size
DIMMs inserted into the socket. The
DIMMs or heatsinks could increase
this dimension.
13
Chapter 2
Product Overview
Environmental Specifications
Table 2-5 provides the most efficient operating and storage condition ranges required for this board.
Table 2-5. Environmental Requirements
Humidity
Temperature
Parameter
800MHz Celeron M
Conditions
1.0GHz Celeron M
Conditions
1.4GHz Pentium M
Conditions
Operating
–20° to +70°C
(–4° to +158°F)
–20° to +70°C
(–4° to +158°F)
–20° to +70°C
(–4° to +158°F)
Extended
(Optional)
–40° to +85°C
(–40° to +185°F)
–40° to +85°C
(–40° to +185°F)
–40° to +85°C*
(–40° to +185°F)
Storage
–55° to +85°C
(–67° to +185°F)
–55° to +85°C
(–67° to +185°F)
–55° to +85°C
(–67° to +185°F)
Operating
5% to 95%
relative humidity,
non-condensing
5% to 95%
relative humidity,
non-condensing
5% to 95%
relative humidity,
non-condensing
5% to 95%
relative humidity,
non-condensing
5% to 95%
relative humidity,
non-condensing
5% to 95%
relative humidity,
non-condensing
Nonoperating
Note: *The 1.4GHz Pentium M requires a fan above 70°C.
Power Specifications
Table 2-6 shows the power requirements from the baseboard and the board power output.
Table 2-6. Power Supply Requirements
Parameter
800MHz
Celeron M
Characteristics
1.0GHz
Celeron M
Characteristics
1.4GHz
Pentium M
Characteristics
w/o fan
1.4GHz
Pentium M
Characteristics
w/fan
Input Type
Regulated DC
voltages
Regulated DC
voltages
Regulated DC
voltages
Regulated DC
voltages
In-rush Current
14.24A (71.20W)
14.24A (71.20W)
14.44A (72.20W)
14.89A (74.45W)
Idle Power
1.94A (9.68W)
1.78A (9.90W)
1.87A (9.35W)
2.74A (13.72W)
BIT Current
2.99A (14.96W)
2.81A (14.03W)
3.57A (17.85W)
4.11A (20.56W)
Operating conditions:
•
In-rush operating conditions include video, 512MB DDR RAM, and power.
•
Idle operating conditions include the in-rush conditions as well as an I/O board, one IDE hard drive with
Windows XP, keyboard, and mouse.
•
BIT = Burn-In-Test. Operating conditions include idle conditions as well as four serial loop-backs, one
parallel loop-back, one USB DVD Drive, one on-board Compact Flash drive with 256 MB Compact
Flash, two Ethernet connections, two USB Compact Flash readers with 256MB Compact Flash, one
USB floppy drive.
Thermal/Cooling Requirements
The CPU, Memory Hub, I/O Hub, and voltage regulators are the sources of heat on the board. The
LittleBoard 800 is designed to operate at the maximum speed of the respective CPUs: 800MHz, 1.0GHz, or
1.4GHz. The Celeron M CPUs require a heatsink but no fan for -40°C to +85°C operation. The Pentium M
CPU requires a heatsink but no fan for -20° to +70°C operation, but does require a fan above +70°C (+70°C
to +85°C operation).
14
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 2
Product Overview
Mechanical Specifications
Figure 2-7 shows the top view of the LittleBoard 800 with the mechanical mounting dimensions.
0.20
0
0.20
0
2.65
2.80
5.70
5.80
7.22
0.20
0
5.35
5.55
7.60
7.80
Figure 2-7. LittleBoard 800 Dimensions
NOTE
LittleBoard 800
All dimensions are given in inches.
Reference Manual
15
Chapter 2
16
Product Overview
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Hardware
Overview
This chapter discusses the following features of the connectors:
•
Interrupt Channel Assignments
•
Memory Map
•
I/O Address Map
•
Floppy Interface
•
Serial Interfaces
•
Parallel Interface
•
Utility Interfaces
♦
Keyboard
♦
Mouse
♦
Battery
♦
Reset Switch
♦
Speaker
♦
USB
♦
SMBus
♦
Infrared (IrDA)
•
Audio Interface
•
CRT/LVDS Video Interfaces
•
Power Interfaces
•
♦
Power In
♦
ATX Power
Miscellaneous
♦
Time of Day/RTC
♦
Temperature Monitoring
♦
Oops! Jumper (BIOS recovery)
♦
Serial Console
♦
Watchdog timer
♦
Optional CPU fan
♦
LAN LED
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
17
Chapter 3
Hardware
NOTE
ADLINK Technology, Inc. only supports the features/options tested and listed in
this manual. The main integrated circuits (chips) used in the LittleBoard 800
may provide more features or options than are listed for the LittleBoard 800, but
some of these chip features/options are not supported on the board and may not
function as specified in the chip documentation.
This chapter does not include pinout tables for standard headers and connectors
such as PC/104, Ethernet RJ45, 40-pin IDE, Floppy, and Compact Flash.
Interrupt Channel Assignments
The interrupt channel assignments are shown in Table 3-1.
Table 3-1. Interrupt Channel Assignments
Device vs IRQ No.
0
Timer
D
3
4
5
6
7
COM1
O
D
O
O
COM2
D
O
O
COM3
O
O
COM4
O
O
Keyboard
1
2
8
9
10
11
12
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
D
13
14
15
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
D
O
O
O
O
D
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
D
Secondary Cascade
D
Floppy
D
Parallel
O
O
O
O
RTC
D
IDE Primary
D
IDE Secondary
D
Math Coprocessor
D
PS/2 Mouse
D
PCI INTA
O
O
D
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
PCI INTB
O
O
O
O
O
D
O
O
O
O
O
PCI INTC
O
O
D
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
PCI INTD
O
O
O
O
O
D
O
O
O
O
O
PCI INTE
O
O
D
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
PCI INTF
O
O
O
O
O
D
O
O
O
O
O
PCI INTH
O
O
D
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
Legend: D = Default, O = Optional
NOTE
18
The IRQs for the Ethernet, Video, and Internal Local Bus (ISA) are automatically
assigned by the BIOS Plug and Play logic. Local IRQs assigned during initialization
can not be used by external devices.
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Hardware
Memory Map
The following table provides the common PC/AT memory allocations. Memory below 000500h is used by
the BIOS.
Table 3-2. Memory Map
Base Address
Function
00000000h
-
0009FFFFh
Conventional Memory
000A0000h
-
000AFFFFh
Graphics Memory
000B0000h
-
000B7FFFh
Mono Text Memory
000B8000h
-
000BFFFFh
Color Text Memory
000C0000h
-
000CFFFFh
Standard Video BIOS
000D0000h
-
000DFFFFh
Reserved for Extended BIOS
000E0000h
-
000EFFFFh
Extended System BIOS Area
000F0000h
-
000FFFFFh
System BIOS Area (Storage and RAM Shadowing)
00100000h
-
04000000h
Extended Memory (If on-board VGA is enabled, then the amount of
memory assigned is subtracted from extended memory)
FFFFFFFFh
System Flash
FFF80000h
-
I/O Address Map
Table 3-3 shows the I/O address map.
Table 3-3.
I/O Address Map
Address (hex)
Subsystem
0000-000F
Primary DMA Controller
0020-0021
Master Interrupt Controller
0040-0043
Programmable Interrupt Timer (Clock/Timer)
0060-06F
Keyboard Controller
0061
NMI, Speaker Controller
0063
NMI Controller
0064
Keyboard Controller
0065
NMI Controller
0067
NMI Controller
0070-007F
CMOS RAM, NMI Mask Reg, RT Clock
0080-09F
System reserved
0081-0083
DMA Page Registers
0084-0086
System Reserved
0087
DMA page Register
0088
System reserved
0089-008B
DMA page Registers
008C-008E
System reserved
008F
DMA page Register
0090-0091
System reserved
092
Fast A20 Gate and CPU Reset
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
19
Chapter 3
Table 3-3.
Hardware
I/O Address Map (Continued)
0093-009F
System reserved
00A0-00A1
Slave Interrupt Controller
00A2-00BF
System reserved
00C0-00DF
Slave DMA Controller #2
00E0-00EF
System reserved
0F0-00FF
Math Coprocessor
0170-0177
Secondary IDE Hard Disk Controller
01F0-01F7
Primary IDE Hard Disk Controller
0278-027F
Parallel Printer
02E8-02EF
Serial Port 4 (COM4)
02F8-02FF
Serial Port 2 (COM2)
0376
Secondary IDE Disk Controller
0378-037F
Parallel Port (Standard and EPP)
03B0-03BB
Video (Monochrome)
03C0-03DF
VGA
03E8-03EF
Serial Port 3 (COM3)
03F0-03F5
Floppy Disk Controller
03F6
Primary IDE Disk Controller
03F7
Floppy Disk Controller
03F8-03FF
Serial Port 1 (COM1)
04D0-04D1
Edge/Level Trigger PIC
0778-077F
Parallel Port (ECP Extensions) (Port 378+400)
0CF8-0CFF
PCI Configuration Registers
0CF9
Reset Control Resgister
Floppy Drive Interface
The LPC47B272 chip provides the floppy controller and supports one floppy drive as configured. The
floppy signals are provided through the standard 34-pin connector (J17). The floppy controller will support a
360k, 720k, 1.2M, 1.44M, or 2.88M drive.
The floppy drive header has 34 pins, 2 rows, odd/even, (1, 2) with 0.100" pitch.
Parallel Port Interface
Parallel port supports standard parallel, Bi-directional, ECP and EPP protocols. The LPC47B272 provides
separate parallel port interface signals not shared with the floppy drive signals.
The parallel header uses 26 pins, 2 rows, odd/even, (1, 2), with 0.100" pitch.
Table 3-4. Parallel Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J16)
20
Pin #
Signal
In/Out
Description
1
Strobe*
Out
Strobe* – This is an output signal used to strobe data into the printer.
I/O pin in ECP/EPP mode.
2
AFD*
Out
Auto Feed* – This is a request signal into the printer to automatically
feed one line after each line is printed.
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Hardware
Table 3-4. Parallel Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J16) (Continued)
3
PD0
I/O
Parallel Port Data 0 – These pins (0 to 7) provide parallel port data.
4
ERR*
Out
Error* – This is a status output signal from the printer. A Low State
indicates an error condition on the printer.
5
PD1
I/O
Parallel Port Data 1 – Refer to pin-3 for more information.
6
INIT*
Out
Initialize* – This signal used to Initialize printer. Output in standard
Mode, I/O in ECP/EPP mode.
7
PD2
I/O
Parallel Port Data 2 – Refer to pin-3 for more information.
8
SLIN
Out
Select In – This output signal is used to select the printer. I/O pin in
ECP/EPP mode.
9
PD3
I/O
Parallel Port Data 3 – Refer to pin-3 for more information.
10,
12
GND
11
PD4
I/O
Parallel Port Data 4 – Refer to pin-3 for more information.
13
PD5
I/O
Parallel Port Data 5 – Refer to pin-3 for more information.
14,
16
GND
15
PD6
I/O
Parallel Port Data 6 – Refer to pin-3 for more information.
17
PD7
I/O
Parallel Port Data 7 – Refer to pin-3 for more information.
18,
20
GND
19
ACK*
In
Acknowledge* – This printer output status indicates it has received
the data and is ready to accept new data if the signal state is Low.
21
BUSY
In
Busy – This printer output status indicates the printer is not ready to
accept data if the signal state is High.
22,
24
GND
23
PE
In
Paper End – The printer output status indicates the printer is out of
paper if the signal state is High.
25
SLCT
In
Select – This printer output status indicates the printer is selected and
powered on if the signal state is high.
26
Key/NC
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Key - Not connected
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground. The signals marked with * = Negative true logic.
Serial Interfaces
Two LPC47B272 chips provide the circuitry for the 4 serial ports. One chip provides serial ports 1 and 2
through connector J11 and the second chip provides serial ports 3 and 4 through connector J12. The four
serial ports support the following features:
•
Four individual 16550-compatible UARTs
•
Programmable word length, stop bits and parity
•
16-bit programmable baud rate generator
•
Interrupt generator
•
Loop-back mode
•
Four individual 16-bit FIFOs
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
21
Chapter 3
•
•
Hardware
Serial A Interface (J11)
♦
Serial Port 1 (COM1) supports RS232/RS485/RS422 and full modem support
♦
Serial Port 2 (COM2) supports RS232/RS485/RS422
Serial B Interface (J12)
♦
Serial Port 3 (COM3) supports RS232/RS485/RS422 and full modem support
♦
Serial Port 4 (COM4) supports RS232/RS485/RS422
NOTE
The RS232 and RS485/RS422 modes can be selected for any serial port in BIOS
Setup under the Advanced menu. However, the RS232 mode is the default
selection (Standard) for any serial port.
To implement the two-wire RS485 mode on any serial port, you must tie the equivalent pins together for
each port.
For example, on Serial Port 1, tie pin 3 to 5 and pin 4 to 6 at the Serial A interface connector (J11) as shown
in Figure 3-1. As an alternate, tie pin 2 to 3 and pin 7 to 8 at the DB9 serial connector for Serial Port 1 as
shown in Figure 3-1. Refer also to the following tables for the specific pins for the other ports on each
connector. The RS422 mode uses a four-wire interface and does not need any pins tied together, but you
must select RS485 in BIOS Setup.
Serial A Interface (J11)
for Serial Port 1
(or COM1 Port)
Top View
19
9 7531
20
10 8 6 4 2
Standard DB9 Serial
Or Port Connector (Female)
1 2 3 4 5
Rear View
6 7 8 9
Figure 3-1. RS485 Serial Port Implementation
Table 3-5 Defines the pins and corresponding signals for the Serial A interface connector (Serial Ports 1 and
2) and Table 3-6 defines the pins and corresponding signals for the Serial B interface connector (Serial Ports
3 and 4).
Both Serial A and B headers use 20 pins, 2 rows, odd/even, (1, 2), with 0.100" pitch.
Table 3-5. Serial A Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J11)
Pin #
1
Pin #
DB9
Signal
Description
1
DCD1
*
Data Carrier Detect 1 – Indicates external serial communications device
is detecting a carrier signal (i.e., a communication channel is currently
open). In direct connect environments, this input will be driven by DTR1
as part of the DTR/DSR handshake.
(COM1)
2
6
DSR1*
Data Set Ready 1 – Indicates external serial communications device is
powered, initialized, and ready. Used as hardware handshake with DTR1
for overall readiness to communicate.
3
2
RXD1
Receive Data 1 – Serial port 1 receive data in.
RX1-
RX1- – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Receive Data 1 -.
RTS1*
Request To Send 1 – Indicates Serial port 1 is ready to transmit data.
Used as hardware handshake with CTS1 for low level flow control.
TX1+
TX1+ – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Transmit Data 1 +.
TXD1
Transmit Data 1 – Serial port 1 transmit data out.
TX1-
TX1- – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Transmit Data 1 -.
4
5
22
7
3
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Hardware
Table 3-5. Serial A Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J11) (Continued)
6
8
CTS1*
Clear to Send 1 – Indicates external serial communications device is
ready to receive data. Used as hardware handshake with RTS1 for low
level flow control.
RX1+
RX1+ – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Receive Data 1 -.
7
4
DTR1*
Data Terminal Ready 1 – Indicates this Serial port is powered, initialized,
and ready. Used as hardware handshake with DSR1 for overall readiness
to communicate.
8
9
RI1*
Ring Indicator 1 – Indicates external serial communications device is
detecting a ring condition. Used by software to initiate operations to
answer and open the communications channel.
9
5
GND
Ground
10
NC
KEY/
Key
NC
Not connected
DCD2
*
Data Carrier Detect 2 – Indicates external serial communications device
is detecting a carrier signal (i.e., a communication channel is currently
open). In direct connect environments, this input will be driven by DTR2
as part of the DTR/DSR handshake.
11
1
(COM2)
12
6
DSR2*
Data Set Ready 2 – Indicates external serial communications device is
powered, initialized, and ready. Used as hardware handshake with DTR2
for overall readiness to communicate.
13
2
RXD2
Receive Data 2 – Serial port 2 receive data in.
RX2-
RX1- – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Receive Data 1 -.
RTS2*
Request To Send 2 – Indicates Serial port 2 is ready to transmit data.
Used as hardware handshake with CTS2 for low level flow control.
TX2+
TX2+ – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Transmit Data 2 +.
TXD2
Transmit Data 2 – Serial port 2 transmit data out
TX2-
TX2- – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Transmit Data 2 -.
CTS2*
Clear To Send 2 – Indicates external serial communications device is
ready to receive data. Used as hardware handshake with RTS2 for low
level flow control.
RX2+
RX2+ – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Receive Data 2 -.
14
15
16
7
3
8
17
4
DTR2*
Data Terminal Ready 2 – Indicates Serial port 1 is powered, initialized,
and ready. Used as hardware handshake with DSR2 for overall readiness
to communicate.
18
9
NC
Not Connected (Ring Indicator 2)
19
5
GND
Ground
20
NC
NC
Not connected
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground. Signals are listed in the table with RS232 first, followed
by RS485/RS422.
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
23
Chapter 3
Hardware
Table 3-6. Serial B Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J12)
Pin #
1
Pin #
DB9
1
Signal
Description
DCD3*
Data Carrier Detect 3 – Indicates external serial communications
device is detecting a carrier signal (i.e., a communication channel is
currently open). In direct connect environments, this input will be
driven by DTR3 as part of the DTR/DSR handshake.
(COM3)
2
6
DSR3*
Data Set Ready 3 – Indicates external serial communications device is
powered, initialized, and ready. Used as hardware handshake with
DTR3 for overall readiness to communicate.
3
2
RXD3
Receive Data 3 – Serial port 3 receive data in
RX3-
RX3- – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Receive Data 3 -.
RTS3*
Request To Send 3 – Indicates Serial port 3 is ready to transmit data.
Used as hardware handshake with CTS3 for low level flow control.
TX3+
TX3+ – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Transmit Data 3 +.
TXD3
Transmit Data 3 – Serial port 3 transmit data out
TX3-
TX3- – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Transmit Data 3 -.
CTS3*
Clear To Send 3 – Indicates external serial communications device is
ready to receive data. Used as hardware handshake with RTS3 for low
level flow control.
RX3+
RX3+ – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Receive Data 3 -.
4
5
6
7
3
8
7
4
DTR3*
Data Terminal Ready 3 – Indicates this Serial port is powered,
initialized, and ready. Used as hardware handshake with DSR3 for
overall readiness to communicate.
8
9
RI3*
Ring Indicator 3 – Indicates external serial communications device is
detecting a ring condition. Used by software to initiate operations to
answer and open the communications channel.
9
5
GND
Ground
10
NC
KEY
Not Connected
11
1
(COM4)
DCD4*
Data Carrier Detect 4 – Indicates external serial communications
device is detecting a carrier signal (i.e., a communication channel is
currently open). In direct connect environments, this input will be
driven by DTR4 as part of the DTR/DSR handshake.
12
6
DSR4*
Data Set Ready 4 – Indicates external serial communications device is
powered, initialized, and ready. Used as hardware handshake with
DTR4 for overall readiness to communicate.
13
2
RXD4
Receive Data 4 – Serial port 4 receive data in
RX4-
RX4- – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Receive Data 4 -.
RTS4*
Request To Send 4 – Indicator to serial output port 4 is ready to
transmit data. Used as hardware handshake with CTS4 for low level
flow control.
14
7
TX4+
TX4+ – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Transmit Data 4 +.
15
24
3
TXD4
Transmit Data 4 – Serial port 4 transmit data out
TX4-
TX4- – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Transmit Data 4 -.
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Hardware
Table 3-6. Serial B Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J12)
16
8
CTS4*
Clear To Send 4 – Indicator to serial port 4 that external serial
communications device is ready to receive data. Used as hardware
handshake with RTS4 for low level flow control.
RX4+
RX4+ – If in RS485 or RS422 mode, this pin is Receive Data 4 +.
17
4
DTR4*
Data Terminal Ready 4 – Indicates this Serial port is powered,
initialized, and ready. Used as hardware handshake with DSR4 for
overall readiness to communicate.
18
9
NC
Not connected (Ring Indicator 4)
19
5
GND
Ground
20
NC
NC
Not connected
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground. Signals are listed in the table with RS232 first, followed
by RS485/RS422.
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
25
Chapter 3
Hardware
Utility Interfaces
The Utility interfaces consist of three connectors that provide the standard interface signals for the following
devices:
•
•
•
Utility 1 (J15)
♦
Keyboard
♦
External battery connection
♦
Reset Switch
♦
Speaker
Utility 2 (J13)
♦
PS/2 Mouse
♦
Infrared (IrDA) signals
♦
SMBus signals
♦
USB signals for USB ports 1 and 2
♦
Power button signal
Utility 3 (J14)
♦
USB signals for USB ports 3 and 4
Utility 1 Interface
The Utility 1 (J15) interface uses a 16-pin header and provides the various interface signals to an external I/
O board with external connections for the respective connectors such as, keyboard, speaker, etc. Table 3-7
provides the pin signals for the Utility 1 interface, which uses 16 pins, 2 rows, odd/even, (1, 2) with 0.100"
pitch.
•
Keyboard
•
Battery
•
Reset Switch
•
Speaker
•
External voltages (-5V In, -12V In, +3.3V Out to Power On LED)
Keyboard Interface
The signal lines for a PS/2 keyboard are provided through the Utility 1 interface, which is also fully PC/AT
compatible.
External Battery
An external battery input connection is provided through a Utility 1 interface for the Real Time Clock’s
operation in the event the on-board battery is not used.
Reset Switch
The signal lines for a reset switch are provided through the Utility 1 interface.
NOTE
26
To perform the equivalent of a power-on reset, the reset button must be pressed
and held for a minimum of three seconds.
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Hardware
Speaker
The signal lines for a speaker port with 0.1-watt drive are provided through a Utility 1 interface (J15).
Table 3-7. Utility 1 Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J15)
Pin #
Signal
I/O
Description
1
-12V
I
-12 Volts – Supplied from external power source.
2
GND
I
Ground
3
-5V
I
-5 Volts – Supplied from external power source.
4
GND
I
Ground
5
LED
O
Power On LED – This on-board +3.3 volts is provided through 330 ohm
resistor to an external Power-On LED.
6
NC
-
Not connected (Power Good)
7
SPKR+
O
+ Speaker Output – This signal drives external PC "Beep" speaker.
8
GND
I
Ground
9
RSTSW*
I
Reset Switch – This signal (ground) provided from external reset switch.
10
NC
-
Not connected (Keyboard Switch)
11
KBDATA
I/O
Keyboard Data signal provided to external keyboard connector.
12
KBCLK
I/O
Keyboard Clock – Clock signal provided to external keyboard connector.
13
GND
I
Keyboard Ground
14
KBDPWR
O
Keyboard Power – This +5 volts is provided to external keyboard
connector. Requires external fuse for keyboard/mouse protection.
15
BATV+
I
Backup Battery – This connection provides an additional backup battery
from an external source. It can also be used in place of the on-board
backup battery, B1, shipped with all LittleBoard 800s. Each RTS battery
input is protected with a zener diode.
16
BATV-
I
Battery - Return (Grounded)
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground. The signals marked with * = Negative true logic.
Utility 2 Interface
The Utility 2 (J13) interface consists of a 24-pin connector used to interface various signals to the external
board with external connections, or directly to the respective connector such as, the mouse, USB, etc.
Table 3-9 on page 29 lists the pin signals for the Utility 2 interface. The J13 connector uses 24 pins, 2 rows,
odd/even (1, 2) with 0.100" pitch.
•
PS/2 Mouse signals
•
Infrared (IrDA) signals
•
SMBus signals
•
USB signals for USB ports 1 and 2
•
Power button signal
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
27
Chapter 3
Hardware
System Management Bus (SMBus)
The I/O Hub, 82801DB, (Southbridge) contains both a host and slave SMBus port; but the host cannot
access the slave internally. The slave port allows an external master access to the I/O Hub through the
connector (J13). The master contained in the 82801DB is used to communicate with the SDRAM DDR
DIMM, 82541(GI/PI) Gigabit Ethernet controller, and the clock generator. Table 3-8 gives the addresses for
these devices with the components and corresponding binary addresses of the SMBus.
Table 3-8. SMBus Reserved Addresses
Component
Address Binary
SDRAM EPROM
1010,000xb
Clock Generator (ICS950811)
1101,001xb
I/O Hub (82801DB)
0000,000xb (default) Programmable Master
USB Signals (USB1 and USB2)
The LittleBoard 800 contains two root USB hubs with four functional USB ports. This connector
(Utility 2) provides two of the four USB ports (USB0 and USB1). The hub is USB EHCI V2.0 and UHCI
V1.1 compatible.
Features implemented in the USB ports include the following:
•
Support for USB EHCI v2.0 and UHCI v1.1
•
Integrated physical layer transceivers
•
Over-current detection status (software) on all four USB ports
CAUTION
ADLINK does not recommend connecting a USB boot device to the
LittleBoard 800 through an external hub. Instead, connect the USB boot
device directly to the LittleBoard 800.
Mouse Interface
The signal lines for a PS/2 mouse are provided through the Utility 2 interface (J13).
Infrared Port (IrDA)
The Infrared Data Association (IrDA) port provides a two-way wireless communications port using infrared
as a transmission medium at the basic level. There are two basic infrared implementations provided; the
Hewlett-Packard Serial Infrared (HPSIR) and the Amplitude Shift Keyed Infrared (ASKIR) methods.
HPSIR is a serial implementation of infrared developed by Hewlett-Packard. The IrDA (HPSIR and
ASKIR) signals are available on the Utility 2 connector.
The HPSIR method allows serial communication at baud rates up to 115k baud. Each word is sent serially
beginning with a zero value start bit. A zero is sent when a single infrared pulse is sent at the beginning of
the serial bit time. A one is sent when no infrared pulse is sent during the bit time.
The Amplitude Shift Keyed infrared (ASKIR) allows serial communication at baud rates up to 19.2k baud.
Each word is sent serially beginning with a zero value start bit. A zero is sent when a 500kHz waveform is
sent for the duration of the serial bit time. A one is sent when no transmission is sent during the serial bit
time.
Both of these methods require an understanding of the timing diagrams provided in the Super I/O-1
controller chip (LPC47B272) specifications available from the manufacture’s web site and referred to earlier
in this manual. For more information, refer to the SMSC LPC47B272 chip databook and the Infrared Data
Association web site at http://www.irda.org.
NOTE
28
For faster speeds and infrared applications not covered in this brief description,
refer to the LPC47B272 chip specifications by Standard Microsystems Corp.
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Table 3-9.
Hardware
Utility 2 Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J13)
Pin #
Signal
I/O
Description
1
LIDSW
-
Lid Switch – This signal (Suspend Status on I/O Hub) is asserted by the
I/O Hub to indicate the system will be entering a low power state soon.
This signal is not shared with other devices on the LittleBoard. This
signal is similar to the Lid Switch on laptop computer.
2
PWRBT*
I
Power Button – This signal from an external switch to the I/O Hub is not
used with AT Power supplies.
3
BATLOW*
I
Battery Low – This signal from external battery indicates to the I/O Hub
there is insufficient power to boot the system.
4
NC
O
Not connected (IR Mode select)
5
IRTX
O
IR Transmit Data – This signal goes to external IrDA Transceiver.
6
IRRX
I
IR Receive Data – This signal comes from external IrDA Transceiver.
7
GND
-
Ground
8
VCC
-
+5 Volts
9
MDATA
I/O
Mouse Data – Data signal provided to external mouse connector.
10
MCLK
I/O
Mouse Clock– Clock signal provided to external mouse connector
11
GND
-
Ground
12
VCC
-
+5 Volts
13
SMBCLK
-
SMBus Clock – Clock signal provided to external devices.
14
SMBDATA
-
SMBus Data – Data signal provided to external devices.
15
USBPWR1
-
+5V USB Port Power – Port is disabled if this input is low.
16
USBPWR2
-
+5V USB Port Power – Port is disabled if this input is low.
17
USBP1-
I/O
USB 1 Negative Data Signal
18
USBP2-
I/O
USB 2 Negative Data Signal
19
USBP1+
I/O
USB 1 Positive Data Signal
20
USBP2+
I/O
USB 2 Positive Data Signal
21
USBGND1
-
USB Port ground
22
USBGND2
-
USB Port ground
23
NC
-
Not Connected - Reserved
24
NC
-
Not Connected - Reserved
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground. The signals marked with * = Negative true logic.
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
29
Chapter 3
Hardware
Utility 3 Interface
The Utility 3 (J14) interface is a 10-pin connector used to provide two of the four USB port signals to an
external board with USB connections or directly to the respective USB connector for the USB ports.
Table 3-10 gives the pin signals for the Utility 3 interface, which uses 10 pins, 2 rows, odd/even, (1, 2) with
0.100" pitch.
•
USB ports 3 and 4
USB Signals (USB3 and USB4)
The LittleBoard 800 contains two root USB hubs with four functional USB ports. This header
(Utility 3) provides two of the four USB ports (USB3 and USB4). The hub is USB EHCI V2.0 and UHCI
V1.1 compatible.
Features implemented in the USB ports include the following:
•
USB EHCI V2.0 and Universal UHCI V1.1 compatible
•
Integrated physical layer transceivers
•
Over-current detection status on the USB port (software)
CAUTION
ADLINK does not recommend connecting a USB boot device to the
LittleBoard 800 through an external hub. Instead, connect the USB boot
device directly to the LittleBoard 800.
Table 3-10. Utility 3 Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J14)
Pin #
Signal
I/O
Description
1
USBPWR3
-
+5V USB Port Power – Port is disabled if this input is low.
2
USBPWR4
-
+5V USB Port Power – Port is disabled if this input is low.
3
USBP3-
I/O
USB 3 Negative Data Signal
4
USBP4-
I/O
USB 4 Negative Data Signal
5
USBP3+
I/O
USB 3 Positive Data Signal
6
USBP4+
I/O
USB 4 Positive Data Signal
7
USBGND3
-
USB Port ground
8
USBGND4
-
USB Port ground
9
NC
-
Not Connected - Reserved
10
NC
-
Not Connected - Reserved
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground.
Audio Interface
The audio solution on the LittleBoard 800 is provided by the Realtek ALC203-LF audio CODEC. The chip
is defined by AC97 and is revision 2.2 compliant. The audio interface signals are supplied to the 26-pin
2mm connector (J9). Refer to the following list for the Audio CODEC (ALC203-LF) features.
30
•
Analog Mixer Dynamic Range 97dB (typ)
•
D/A Dynamic Range 89dB (typ) and A/D Dynamic Range 90dB (typ)
•
AC’97 Rev 2.1 compliant
•
High quality Sample Rate Conversion (SRC) from 4kHz to 48kHz
•
3D Sound circuitry and PC-Beep passthrough to Line Out while reset is held active low
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
•
Hardware
True Line Level Output with volume control independent of Line Out
Table 3-11 describes the pin signals of the audio interface, which uses 26 pins, 2 rows, odd/even, (1, 2) with
2mm pitch.
Table 3-11. Audio Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J9)
Pin #
Signal
Description
1
VIDEO_L
Video-Audio signal in left channel
2
VIDEO_GND
Video Audio ground
3
VIDEO_R
Video-Audio signal in right channel
4
CD_L
CD-ROM signal left channel
5
CD_GND
CD-ROM Audio ground
6
CD_R
CD-ROM signal right channel
7
LINE_IN_L
Line in signal left channel
8
LINE_IN_GND
Line in Audio ground
9
LINE_IN_R
Line in signal right channel
10
MIC1
Microphone in signal 1 or left channel
11
MIC_GND
Microphone Audio ground
12
MIC2
Microphone in signal 2 or right channel
13
MIC_REF
Microphone reference signal
14
NC/KEY
Not Connected - Key
15
PHONE_IN
Phone signal in
16
PHONE_GND
Phone Audio ground
17
MONO_OUT
Monaural signal out
18
MONO_GND
Monaural Audio ground
19
+AOUT_L
- Audio out signal left channel
20
-AOUT_L
+ Audio out Audio ground
21
+AOUT_R
- Audio out signal right channel
22
-AOUT_R
+ Audio out Audio ground
23
GND
Audio Ground (tied to all audio grounds)
24
HP_L
Headphone signal left channel
25
HP_R
Headphone signal right channel
26
NC
Not Connected
Note: The shaded areas denote power or ground.
Video Interfaces
The 82855GME chip provides the graphics control and video signals to the traditional glass CRT monitors
and LCD flat panel displays. The chip features are listed below:
CRT features:
•
Supports a max resolution of 2048 X 1536
•
Supports a maximum allowable video frame buffer size of 32MB shared memory
•
AGP 4X graphics performance (always enabled)
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Reference Manual
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Chapter 3
Hardware
Flat Panel features:
•
Supports (+3.3V or +5V, and +12V) output to LCD flat panels through an LVDS interface
•
Supports panel sizes from VGA (640 x 480) up to UXGA+ (1600 x 1200).
•
Supports 1-channel (18-bit) or 2-channel (36-bit) LVDS outputs
CRT Interface
Table 3-12 describes the pin signals of the CRT interface, which uses 10 pins, 2 rows, odd/even, (1, 2) with
0.100" (2.54mm) pitch.
Table 3-12. CRT Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J3)
Pin #
Signal
Description
1
RED
Red – This is the Red analog output signal to the CRT.
2
GND
Ground
3
GREEN
Green – This is the Green analog output signal to the CRT.
4
GND
Ground
5
BLUE
Blue – This is the Blue analog output signal to the CRT.
6
GND
Ground
7
HSYNC
Horizontal Sync – This signal is used for the digital horizontal sync output
to the CRT.
8
GND
Ground
9
VSYNC
Vertical Sync – This signal is used for the digital vertical sync output to
the CRT.
10
PWR
Power – Provided through fuse (F1) to +5 volts +/- 5%. F1 is next to J3
connector on board.
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground.
LVDS Interface
Table 3-13 describes the pin signals of the LVDS interface, which uses 30 pins, 2 rows, odd/even, (1, 2) with
.079" (2mm) pitch.
Table 3-13. LVDS Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J26)
32
Pin #
Signal
Description
1
+12V
+12 volt input
2
+VCC (+3.3V/+5V)
JP1 determines voltage on pin
3
GND
Ground
4
GND
Ground
Reference Manual
Line
NA
Channel
NA
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Hardware
Table 3-13. LVDS Interface Pin/Signal Descriptions (J26) (Continued)
5
CLK_LVDS_IYBP
Clock Positive Output
Clock
6
CLK_LVDS_IYBM
Clock Negative Output
7
LVDS_IYBP3
Data Positive Output
8
LVDS_IYBM3
Data Negative Output
9
LVDS_IYBP2
Data Positive Output
10
LVDS_IYBM2
Data Negative Output
11
LVDS_IYBP1
Data Positive Output
12
LVDS_IYBM1
Data Negative Output
13
LVDS_IYBP0
Data Positive Output
14
LVDS_IYBM0
Data Negative Output
15
LVDS_PANELBKLTCTL
Control Panel Backlight
NA
NA
16
LVDS_PANELVDDEN
Enable Panel Power
NA
NA
17
CLK_LVDS_IYAP
Clock Positive Output
18
CLK_LVDS_IYAM
Clock Negative Output
19
LVDS_IYAP3
Data Positive Output
20
LVDS_IYAM3
Data Negative Output
21
LVDS_IYAP2
Data Positive Output
22
LVDS_IYAM2
Data Negative Output
23
LVDS_IYAP1
Data Positive Output
24
LVDS_IYAM1
Data Negative Output
25
LVDS_IYAP0
Data Positive Output
26
LVDS_IYAM0
Data Negative Output
27
DDCPCLK
Display Data Channel Clock
NA
NA
28
DDCPDATA
Display Data Channel Data
NA
NA
29
LVDS_PANELBKLTEN
Enable Backlight Inverter
NA
NA
30
NC
Not Connected
NA
NA
3
Channel 2
2
1
0
Clock
3
Channel 1
2
1
0
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground.
NOTE
Pins 5-14 constitute 2nd channel interface of two channels. Pins 15-26 constitute
1st channel interface of two channels, or a single channel interface.
Power Interfaces
Power In
The LittleBoard 800 uses five separate voltages on the board, but only one of the voltages is provided
externally (+5 volts) through the external header (J19), which uses a 7-pin vertical header with 0.156"
(3.96mm) spacing. Holes for a right angle mounting header are also available at J19. All the onboard
voltages are derived from the externally supplied +5 volts DC +/- 5%. The onboard voltages include the
CPU core voltages as well as the other voltages used on the board.
Table 3-14 lists the pin signals for the power supply input header, which uses 7 pins, single row, with 0.156"
pitch.
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Reference Manual
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Chapter 3
Hardware
Table 3-14. Power Supply Input Pin/Signal Descriptions (J19)
Pin #
Signal
Description
1
+5V
+5.0 Volts – This +5.0 volts DC +/- 5% is the only voltage required for operation.
2
GND
Ground
3
GND
Ground
4
+12V
+12 Volts – This +12 volts is for the PC/104, PC/104-Plus, and LVDS power only.
5
+3.3V
+3.3 Volts – This +3.3 volts is for PC/104-Plus Bus power only (optional).
6
GND
Ground
7
+5V
+5.0 Volts – This +5.0 volts DC +/- 5% is the only voltage required for operation.
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground. The +12V and +3.3V on the Power Supply Input
connector (J19) are used for the PCI, ISA bus, and LVDS power, which are supplied externally
and not generated on the LittleBoard 800. The -5V and -12V used for the PC/104 bus are supplied
through the PC/104 bus or from an external power supply through the Utility 1 connector (J15).
ATX Power
Table 3-15 lists the pin signals for the J29 Power On Button and Reset Switch header, which uses 5 pins,
single row with 0.100" (2.54mm) pitch.
•
Power On Switch – This control signal is provided externally through a button by connecting ground to
pin 1 on the J29 header.
•
Reset Switch – This signal is provided externally through a switch by connecting ground to pin 3 on the
J29 header.
Table 3-15. Power On Button and Reset Switch Header Pin/Signal Descriptions (J29)
Pin #
Signal
Description
1
PWRBTN
Power On input (connect between pins 1 & 2)
2
GND
Ground
3
RESET_IN
Reset Switch input or output (connect between pins 2 & 3)
4
NC
NA
5
-12V
VCC
Note: The shaded areas denote power or ground.
Table 3-16 lists the pin signals for the J30 Power On header, which uses 3 pins, single row with 0.100"
(2.54mm) pitch.
Table 3-16. Power On Header Pin/Signal Descriptions (J30)
Pin #
Signal
Description
1
PS_ON*
Power Supply On – This signal is sent to the ATX power supply by the
LittleBoard 800 to turn On the ATX power supply. This signal can also be used
to turn Off the ATX power supply or go into a suspended or standby state.
2
GND
Ground
3
VCCSB
+5V suspend voltage (+5V, 100mA Standby) – This voltage is supplied from
ATX power supply. This voltage is required for normal operation.
Note: The shaded areas denote power or ground. The signals marked with * = Negative true
logic.
34
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Hardware
Miscellaneous
Real Time Clock (RTC)
The LittleBoard 800 contains a Real Time Clock (RTC). The BIOS (CMOS) RAM is backed up with a
Lithium Battery. If the battery is not present, the BIOS has a battery-free boot option to complete the boot
process.
Temperature Monitoring
The ADM1023 performs CPU temperature monitoring. This device has an input connection from the
thermal diode in the Intel Celeron M or Pentium M CPU. The SMBus is connected to a dedicated thermal
alert pin in the ADM1023 and the other devices on the SMBus.
NOTE
The LittleBoard 800 requires a heatsink for both Celeron M CPUs and a
heatsink for the Pentium M CPU below 70° C.
Oops! Jumper (BIOS Recovery)
The Oops! jumper is provided in the event the BIOS settings you have selected prevent you from booting the
system. By using the Oops! jumper you can prevent the current BIOS settings in the EEPROM from being
loaded, forcing the use of the default settings. Connect the DTR pin to the RI pin on serial port 1 (COM 1)
prior to boot up to prevent the present BIOS settings from loading. After booting with the Oops! jumper in
place, remove the Oops! jumper and go into BIOS Setup. Change the desired BIOS settings, or select the
default settings, and save changes before rebooting the system.
To convert the Serial A interface to an Oops! jumper, short together the DTR (7) and RI (8) pins on Serial A
(J11) header for Serial Port 1. As an alternate, short the equivalent pins, 4 and 9, on the Serial Port 1 DB9
connector as shown in Figure 3-2.
Serial A Interface (J11)
for Serial Port 1
(or COM1 Port)
Top View
19
9 7531
20
10 8 6 4 2
Standard DB9 Serial
Or Port Connector (Female)
1 2 3 4 5
Rear View
6 7 8 9
Figure 3-2. Oops! Jumper Connection
Serial Console
The LittleBoard 800 supports the serial console (or console redirection) feature. This I/O function is
provided by an ANSI-compatible serial terminal, or the equivalent terminal emulation software running on
another system. This can be very useful when setting up the BIOS on a production line for systems that are
not connected to a keyboard and display.
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
35
Chapter 3
Hardware
Serial Console Setup
The serial console feature is implemented by connecting a standard null modem cable or modified serial
cable (or “Hot Cable”) between one of the serial ports, such as Serial 1 (J11A) and the serial terminal, or a
PC with communications software. The BIOS Setup Utility controls the serial console settings on the
LittleBoard 800. Refer to Chapter 4, BIOS Setup for the settings of the serial console option, the serial
terminal, or PC with communications software and the connection procedure.
Hot (Serial) Cable
1 2 3 4 5
Standard DB9 Serial
Port Connector (Female)
Rear View
LB800Hotcable
To convert a standard serial cable to a Hot Cable, specific pins must be shorted together at the Serial port
connector or at the DB9 connector. For example, short the RTS (7) and RI (9) on the respective DB9 port
connector as shown in Figure 3-3.
6 7 8 9
Figure 3-3. Hot Cable Jumper
Watchdog Timer
The watchdog timer (WDT) restarts the system if a mishap occurs, ensuring proper start-up after the
interruption. Possible problems include failure to boot properly, the application software’s loss of control,
failure of an interface device, unexpected conditions on the bus, or other hardware or software malfunctions.
The WDT (watchdog timer) can be used both during the boot process and during normal system operation.
•
During the Boot process – If the operating system fails to boot in the time interval set in the BIOS, the
system will reset.
Enable the WDT in Boot Settings Configuration of BIOS Setup. Set the WDT for a time-out interval in
seconds, between 1 and 255, in one-second increments in the Boot Setting Configuration screen. Ensure
you allow enough time for the boot process to complete and for the OS to boot. The OS or application
must tickle the WDT as soon as it comes up. This can be done by accessing the hardware directly or
through a BIOS call.
•
During System Operation – An application can set up the WDT hardware through a BIOS call, or by
accessing the hardware directly. Some ADLINK Board Support Packages provide an API interface to
the WDT. The application must tickle the WDT in the time set when the WDT is initialized or the
system will be reset. You can use a BIOS call to tickle the WDT or access the hardware directly.
The BIOS implements interrupt 15 function 0C3h to manipulate the WDT.
•
36
Watchdog Code examples – ADLINK has provided source code examples on the LittleBoard 800
Support Software DVD illustrating how to control the WDT. The code examples can be easily copied to
your development environment to compile and test the examples, or make any desired changes before
compiling. Refer to the WDT Readme file on the LittleBoard 800 Support Software DVD.
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 3
Hardware
Optional CPU Fan
Table 3-17 lists the pin signals of the optional CPU Fan, which uses 3 pins, single row, with 0.100" pitch.
Table 3-17. Optional CPU Fan (J21)
Pin #
Signal
Description
1
Fan_Tach
Fan Tachometer – This signal indicates Fan speed
2
VCC
+5.0 volts DC +/- 5%
3
GND
Ground
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground.
LAN LED
Table 3-18 lists the pin signals of the Ethernet external LED interface, which uses 5 pins, single row, with
0.100" pitch. This header is for an external LED, indicating Gigabit Ethernet power and activity.
Table 3-18. Ethernet External LED Pin/Signal Descriptions (J28)
Pin #
Signal
Description
1
LED YEL
Ethernet Power
2
LINK_LED_HDR#
Ethernet Connection LED
3
MAC ACTLED_RES#
Ethernet Activity
4
MAC LINK 1000# CON
Ethernet Connection
5
GND
Ground
Note: The shaded area denotes power or ground.
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
37
Chapter 3
38
Hardware
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Chapter 4
BIOS Setup
Introduction
This section assumes the user is familiar with BIOS Setup and does not attempt to describe the inner
workings of BIOS functions. Refer to the appropriate PC reference manuals for information about the onboard, ROM-BIOS software interface. If ADLINK has added to or modified the standard functions, these
functions will be described.
Entering BIOS Setup (VGA Display)
To enter BIOS Setup using a VGA display for the LittleBoard 800:
1.
Turn on the VGA monitor and the power supply to the LittleBoard 800.
2.
Start Setup by pressing the [Del] key, when the following message appears on the boot screen.
Press DEL to run Setup
NOTE
If the setting for Memory Test is set to Fast, you may not see this prompt appear
on screen if the monitor is too slow to display it on start up. If this happens, press
the <Del> key early in the boot sequence to enter BIOS Setup.
3.
Use the <Enter> key to select the screen menus listed in the Opening BIOS screen.
4.
Follow the instructions at the bottom of each screen to navigate through the selections and modify any
settings.
Entering BIOS Setup (Serial Console)
Entering the BIOS Setup, in serial console mode, is very similar to the steps you use to enter BIOS Setup
with a VGA display, except the actual keys you use.
1.
2.
Set the serial terminal, or the PC with communications software to the following settings:
♦
115k baud
♦
8 bits
♦
One stop bit
♦
No parity
♦
No hardware handshake
Connect the serial console, or the PC with serial terminal emulation, to Serial Port 1 or Serial Port 2 of
the LittleBoard 800.
♦
If the BIOS option, Serial Console is set to [Enable], use a standard null-modem serial cable.
♦
If the BIOS option, Serial Console is set to [Hot Cable], use the modified serial cable described in
Chapter 3, under Hot (Serial) Cable.
3.
Turn on the serial console or the PC with serial terminal emulation and the power supply to the
LittleBoard 800.
4.
Start Setup by pressing the Ctl–c keys, when the following message appears on the boot screen.
Hit ^C if you want to run SETUP
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
39
Chapter 4
5.
BIOS Setup
Use the <Enter> key to select the screen menus listed in the Opening BIOS screen.
NOTE
The serial console port is not hardware protected, and is not listed in the COM table
within BIOS Setup. Diagnostic software that probes hardware addresses may cause a
loss or failure of the serial console functions.
PCI-ISA Bridge Mapping
The LittleBoard 800 supports ISA bus based modules with an on-board PCI-ISA bridge. The PCI-ISA
bridge optionally maps the following resources to ISA based modules:
•
IRQs
•
DMA Channels
The LittleBoard 800 system BIOS, maps the above resources based on information provided in the BIOS
Setup screens. By default, IRQs or DMA channels to be mapped to ISA modules must be explicitly specified
by the user in the BIOS Setup screens.
The IRQs and DMA channels are mapped with the “PCIPnP/IRQx” fields in BIOS setup (where x specifies
the IRQ number.) The IRQs 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 14, and 15 can be mapped to ISA based modules by
changing the default setting for these IRQs from “Available” to “Reserved”.
Any of the DMA channels 0, 1, 3, 5, 6, 7 can be mapped to ISA modules by changing the default setting of
“Available” to “Reserved”.
Logo Screen Utility (Splash Screen)
The LittleBoard 800 BIOS supports a graphical logo utility, which can be customized by the user and
displayed when enabled through the BIOS Setup Utility. The graphical image can be a company logo or any
custom image the user wants to display during the boot process. The custom image can be displayed as the
first image displayed on screen during the boot process and remain there, depending on the options selected
in BIOS Setup, while the OS boots.
Logo Screen Image Requirements
The user’s image may be customized with any standard image editing tool.
The LittleBoard 800 logo screen utility supports the following image formats:
•
Bitmap image
•
Exactly 640 x 480 pixels
•
Exactly 16 colors
NOTE
40
For procedures on loading custom images, see the logo screen utility document
available on the Ampro By ADLINK website.
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Appendix A
Technical Support
ADLINK Technology, Inc. provides a number of methods for contacting Technical Support listed in the
Table A-1 below. Requests for support through the Ask an Expert are given the highest priority, and usually
will be addressed within one working day.
•
Ampro by ADLINK Ask an Expert – This is a comprehensive support center designed to meet all your
technical needs. This service is free and available 24 hours a day through the Ampro By ADLINK web
site at http://ampro.custhelp.com. This includes a searchable database of Frequently Asked Questions,
which will help you with the common information requested by most customers. This is a good source
of information to look at first for your technical solutions. However, you must register online if you
wish to use the Ask a Question feature.
•
Personal Assistance – You may also request personal assistance by creating an Ask an Expert account
and then going to the Ask a Question feature. Requests can be submitted 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
You will receive immediate confirmation that your request has been entered followed by an e-mail
response. Once you have submitted your request, you must log in to My Stuff where you can check
status, update your request, and access other features.
•
InfoCenter – This service is also free and available 24 hours a day at the Ampro By ADLINK web site
at http://www.ampro.com. However, you must sign up online before you can log in to access this
service. The InfoCenter was created as a resource for embedded system developers to share ADLINK’s
knowledge, insight, and expertise. This page contains links to White Papers, Specifications, and
additional technical information.
Table A-1. Technical Support Contact Information
Method
Contact Information
Ask an Expert
http://ampro.custhelp.com
Web Site
http://www.ampro.com
Standard Mail
ADLINK Technology, Incorporated
5215 Hellyer Avenue
San Jose, CA 95138-1007, USA
LittleBoard 800
Reference Manual
41
Appendix A
42
Technical Support
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800
Index
A
ATX Power in
pin-out list ..................................................... 34
audio interface
pin-out list ..................................................... 31
B
BIOS Setup
accessing BIOS setup (VGA) ....................... 39
accessing serial console ................................ 39
splash screen conversion ............................... 40
watchdog timer (WDT) ................................. 36
C
connector pin arrangement
description ..................................................... 11
connectors
connector list ................................................. 10
console redirection
serial console ................................................. 35
serial port settings ......................................... 39
supported feature ........................................... 35
CPU fan (optional)
pin-out list ..................................................... 37
CRT Fuse
location .......................................................... 12
CRT interface
pin-out list ..................................................... 32
D
dimensions .......................................................... 13
E
EBX specifications
references ........................................................ 1
Environmental specifications .............................. 14
Ethernet chip specifications
web sites .......................................................... 2
Ethernet ports
share common ground ................................... 12
H
Hot cable
console redirection ........................................ 36
modified serial cable ..................................... 36
serial console ................................................. 36
I
infrared interface
supported features ......................................... 28
Interrupt (IRQs) list ............................................ 18
J
jumper locations .................................................. 13
L
LAN LED interface (J28)
pin-out table .................................................. 37
Lithium Battery
LittleBoard 800
RTC ...............................................................35
LittleBoard 800
audio AC’97 interface ...................................30
block diagram ..................................................7
Celeron M CPU ...............................................4
connectors ......................................................10
console redirection feature .............................35
CPU features ....................................................4
dimensions .....................................................13
EBX Architecture ............................................3
features .............................................................4
Floppy Disk Drive features ............................20
major chip list ..................................................7
major integrated circuit list ..............................7
Parallel port features ......................................20
Pentium M CPU ...............................................4
pin-1 locations ...............................................12
power requirements .......................................14
product description ..........................................4
see also supported features ..............................4
serial console feature .....................................35
splash screen customization ...........................40
Utility 1 interface features .............................26
Utility 2 interface features .............................27
Utility 3 interface features .............................30
video interface features ..................................31
voltage requirements ............................... 33, 34
watchdog timer (WDT) .................................36
weight ............................................................13
LVDS interface
pin-out list ......................................................32
M
major chip specifications
web sites ..........................................................1
major integrated circuits
see also major chip specifications ...................1
memory map ........................................................19
P
parallel port
pin-out list ......................................................20
pin-1 locations .....................................................12
power requirements
input voltages .......................................... 33, 34
processor requirements
heatsink requirements ....................................14
R
Real Time Clock (RTC) ......................................35
Lithium Battery ..............................................35
references .............................................................28
EBX specifications ..........................................1
PCI-104 specifications .....................................1
specifications ...................................................1
Reference Manual
43
Index
S
serial A
pin-out list ..................................................... 22
serial B
pin-out list ..................................................... 24
Serial Communications Software ....................... 35
Serial console
accessing BIOS ............................................. 39
serial console
console redirection ........................................ 35
Hot cable ....................................................... 36
modified serial cable ..................................... 36
serial port settings ......................................... 39
serial terminal ................................................ 35
serial terminal emulation ............................... 35
terminal emulation software .......................... 35
two methods .................................................. 35
serial terminal
ANSI-compatible .......................................... 35
serial terminal emulation .................................... 35
SMBus
supported feature ........................................... 28
specifications
LittleBoard features ......................................... 5
references ........................................................ 1
splash screen
customer defined ........................................... 40
customization ................................................ 40
requirements .................................................. 40
supported features
184-pin DDR DIMM slot ................................ 5
AT power supply input ............................33, 34
audio AC’97 interface ...............................6, 30
Battery-free boot ............................................. 6
Celeron M CPU ............................................... 4
console redirection ........................................ 35
CPU optional fan connector .......................... 37
CRT interface ................................................ 32
Ethernet interfaces (2) ..................................... 6
external battery ................................................ 6
external battery interface ............................... 26
external LAN Activity LED .......................... 37
floppy disk drive (1) ..................................5, 20
heatsinks ........................................................ 14
I/O address map ............................................. 19
IDE devices (4) ............................................... 5
Infrared (IrDA) interface ................................. 5
IRQ assignments ........................................... 18
ISA bus ............................................................ 5
jumpers, on board .......................................... 13
LVDS interface ............................................. 32
memory ........................................................... 5
memory map .................................................. 19
on-board battery .............................................. 6
Oops! jumper (BIOS recovery) .................6, 35
44
T
parallel port ................................................... 20
parallel port (1) ............................................... 5
PC 'Beep' speaker interface ........................... 27
PC/104 bus ...................................................... 5
PC/104-Plus bus .............................................. 5
Pentium M CPU .............................................. 4
power requirements ....................................... 14
power-on switch ............................................ 34
PS/2 keyboard interface ............................ 6, 26
PS/2 mouse interface ...................................... 6
Real-time clock ............................................... 6
reset switch interface .................................... 26
root USB hubs (2) ......................................... 28
RS485 termination (4) .................................. 22
RS485 two-wire port ..................................... 22
serial console ............................................. 6, 35
serial ports (4) ........................................... 5, 21
SMBus devices ............................................. 28
splash screen customization .......................... 40
thermal monitoring ................................... 6, 35
USB boot device ............................................. 5
USB ports (4) ......................................5, 28, 30
video interfaces (2) ................................... 6, 31
voltage monitoring .......................................... 6
watchdog timer (WDT) ............................. 6, 36
Technical Support
contact methods ............................................ 41
terminal emulation software
serial console ................................................. 35
thermal cooling
processor requirements ................................. 14
thermal monitoring
supported feature ........................................... 35
U
USB 1 & 2 port
pin-out list ..................................................... 29
USB 3 & 4
pin-out list ..................................................... 30
V
voltage requirements
AT power supply .................................... 33, 34
W
watchdog timer (WDT)
2 to 255 sec interval ...................................... 36
functions ........................................................ 36
source code examples ................................... 36
web sites
Ethernet chip specifications ............................ 2
infrared specifications ................................... 28
major chip specifications ................................ 1
references ........................................................ 1
weight ................................................................. 13
Reference Manual
LittleBoard 800