Version 1.01 | 07/08/2013
User Manual
Wireless AC1750 Dual-Band Gigabit
Cloud Router USB 3.0
DIR-868L
Preface
D-Link reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes in the content hereof without obligation to notify any
person or organization of such revisions or changes.
Manual Revisions
Revision
Date
1.01
July 08, 2013
Description
• Initial release
Trademarks
D-Link and the D-Link logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of D-Link Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United
States or other countries. All other company or product names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of
their respective companies.
Copyright © 2013 by D-Link Corporation.
All rights reserved. This publication may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, without prior expressed written permission
from D-Link Corporation.
D-Link DIR-868L User Manual
i
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Preface ................................................................................. i
Manual Revisions ........................................................................... i
Trademarks ...................................................................................... i
Product Overview .............................................................. 1
Package Contents ......................................................................... 1
System Requirements ................................................................. 2
Introduction ................................................................................... 3
Features............................................................................................ 4
Hardware Overview ..................................................................... 5
Connections ........................................................................... 5
LEDs ........................................................................................... 6
Installation ......................................................................... 7
Before you Begin........................................................................... 7
Wireless Installation Considerations ...................................... 8
Manual Setup ................................................................................. 9
Coniguration ...................................................................11
D-Link Quick Setup Wizard .....................................................12
QRS Mobile App (iOS, Android) .............................................19
SharePort Mobile App (iOS, Android) .................................20
Web-based Coniguration Utility ..........................................24
Internet Connection Setup .............................................25
Static IP ..............................................................................26
Dynamic IP (DHCP) ........................................................27
PPPoE (Username/Password) ....................................28
PPTP ....................................................................................30
D-Link DIR-868L User Manual
L2TP ....................................................................................32
DS-Lite ...............................................................................34
Wireless Settings .................................................................35
Wireless Connection Setup Wizard..........................36
Wireless Security Setup Wizard.................................39
Add Wireless Device with WPS Wizard ...................41
Manual Wireless Settings .................................................43
802.11 b/g/n (2.4 GHz) .................................................43
802.11ac draft (5 GHz) ..................................................45
Wireless Security ............................................................47
Network Settings ................................................................51
Router Settings ...............................................................52
DHCP Server Settings ...................................................53
DHCP Reservation .........................................................54
Storage ...................................................................................55
Media Server.........................................................................56
IPv6 ..........................................................................................57
IPv6 Internet Connection Setup Wizard ................58
Manual IPv6 Local Connectivity Setup ..................63
IPv6 Manual Setup.........................................................64
mydlink Settings .................................................................75
Advanced ......................................................................................76
Virtual Server ........................................................................76
Port Forwarding ..................................................................77
Application Rules ................................................................78
QoS Engine............................................................................79
Network Filters.....................................................................81
ii
Table of Contents
Access Control .....................................................................82
Website Filters ......................................................................85
Inbound Filter ......................................................................86
Firewall Settings ..................................................................87
Routing ...................................................................................89
Advanced Wireless .............................................................90
Wi-Fi Protected Setup .......................................................91
Advanced Network ............................................................93
Guest Zone ............................................................................94
IPv6 Firewall ..........................................................................95
IPv6 Routing .........................................................................96
Tools ................................................................................................97
Admin .....................................................................................97
Time .........................................................................................98
SysLog .....................................................................................99
Email Settings ................................................................... 100
System ................................................................................. 101
Firmware ............................................................................. 102
Firmware Upgrade...................................................... 102
Language Pack............................................................. 102
Dynamic DNS .................................................................... 103
System Check .................................................................... 104
Schedules ........................................................................... 105
Status ........................................................................................... 106
Device Info ......................................................................... 106
Logs ...................................................................................... 107
Statistics .............................................................................. 108
Internet Sessions.............................................................. 109
Routing ................................................................................ 110
D-Link DIR-868L User Manual
Wireless ............................................................................... 111
IPv6 ....................................................................................... 112
IPv6 Routing ...................................................................... 113
Support ....................................................................................... 114
Connect a Wireless Client to your Router ....................115
WPS Button ................................................................................ 115
Windows® 7................................................................................ 116
WPA/WPA2 ......................................................................... 116
WPS ....................................................................................... 119
Windows Vista®......................................................................... 123
WPA/WPA2 ......................................................................... 124
WPS/WCN 2.0 .................................................................... 126
Windows® XP ............................................................................. 127
WPA/WPA2 ......................................................................... 128
Troubleshooting ............................................................130
Wireless Basics ...............................................................134
What is Wireless? ...................................................................... 135
Tips................................................................................................ 137
Wireless Modes......................................................................... 138
Networking Basics .........................................................139
Check your IP address ............................................................ 139
Statically Assign an IP address ............................................ 140
Wireless Security ......................................................... 141
What is WPA? ................................................................ 141
Technical Speciications ................................................142
iii
Section 1 - Product Overview
Product
PackageOverview
Contents
DIR-868L Wireless AC1750 Dual-Band Gigabit Cloud Router USB 3.0
Ethernet Cable
Power Adapter
Wi-Fi Coniguration Note
Wi-Fi Coniguration Note
If any of the above items are missing, please contact your reseller.
Note: Using a power supply with a diferent voltage rating than the one included with the DIR-868L will cause damage and void the warranty
for this product.
D-Link DIR-868L User Manual
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Section 1 - Product Overview
System Requirements
Network Requirements
• An Ethernet-based Cable or DSL modem
• 802.11ac (draft), n, g, b, or a wireless or Ethernet port
Computer with the following:
• Windows®, Macintosh, or Linux-based operating system
• An installed Ethernet adapter
Web-based Coniguration
Utility Requirements
Browser Requirements:
• Internet Explorer 7 or higher
• Firefox 3.5 or higher
• Safari 4 or higher
• Chrome 8 or higher
Windows® Users: Make sure you have the latest version of Java
installed. Visit ww.java.com to download the latest version.
mydlink Requirements
• iPhone/iPad/iPod Touch (iOS 3.0 or higher)
• Android device (1.6 or higher)
• Computer with the following browser requirements:
• Internet Explorer 7 or higher
• Firefox 3 or higher
• Safari 5 or higher
• Chrome 5 or higher
iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch are registered trademarks of Apple Inc. Android is a trademark of Google, Inc.
D-Link DIR-868L User Manual
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Introduction
The D-Link Wireless AC1750 Dual-Band Gigabit Cloud Router USB 3.0 (DIR-868L) comes equipped with four Gigabit ports to
provide speeds up to 10x faster than standard 10/100 ports. It also uses 802.11ac (draft) technology with multiple intelligent
antennas to maximize the speed and range of your wireless signal to signiicantly outperform 802.11n devices. With the addition
of Intelligent Quality of Service (QoS), data streams are separated which helps organize and prioritize your network traic so
your video streaming, gaming, and VoIP calls run smoother over both your wired and wireless network.
The DIR-868L supports a host of cloud features inclouding QRS Mobile which allows you to setup and conigure the router
using a mobile app. You can set up your router right from your sofa, no PC required.
The Wireless AC1750 Dual-Band Gigabit Cloud Router USB 3.0 is also mydlink-enabled, which gives you access to your home
network no matter where you go. Now you can monitor and manage your home network right from your laptop, iPhone®, iPad®,
or Android™ device. mydlink-enabled routers can be conigured to send an email to keep you informed anywhere, anytime
when new devices are connecting to your network or unwanted access is detected. Monitor in real-time websites that are
being visited with recent browser history displayed on the mydlink™ Lite app – which is great for parents.
SharePort Mobile technology lets you take advantage of the USB 3.0 port found on the back of your DIR-868L. Plug in a USB
storage drive and you can use the SharePort Mobile app for iOS and Android to access iles, stream videos, view photos, or
listen to music on your laptop or mobile devices. Plug in a printer and you can use the SharePort Mobile Plus app to share that
printer with all of your devices.
The DIR-868L Wireless AC1750 Dual-Band Gigabit Cloud Router USB 3.0 provides incredible speeds, smart antenna technology,
fast ports, cloud features, and terriic security features. It also features an innovative design and easy installation options.
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Features
• Faster Wireless Networking - The DIR-868L can provide up to a full 1750Mbps* wireless connection with
concurrent 801.11ac and 802.11n wireless clients . It also operates on both the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands to
allow separation of traic so users can participate in high-bandwidth activities, such as video streaming, online
gaming, and real-time audio, without afecting low-priority traic like email and web suring.
• Cloud Features - The DIR-868L support the QRS Mobile app to setup the router using a mobile device. It is also
mydlink-enabled so you can remotely access and mange your DIR-868L from a mobile device. SharePort Mobile
can be used to share iles, stream videos, view photos, and play music. SharePort Plus lets you share a printer.
• Compatible with 802.11a/b/g/n Devices - The DIR-868L is still fully compatible with the 802.11n, IEEE 802.11g
and 802.11a standards, so it can connect with existing 802.11n, 802.11g, 802.11b, and 802.11a wireless devices.
• Advanced Firewall Features - The Web-based user interface displays a number of advanced network
management features including:
• Content Filtering - Easily applied content iltering based on MAC Address, URL, and/or Domain
Name.
• Filter Scheduling - These ilters can be scheduled to be active on certain days or for a duration of
hours or minutes.
• Secure Multiple/Concurrent Sessions - The DIR-868L can pass through VPN sessions. It supports
multiple and concurrent IPSec and PPTP sessions, so users behind the DIR-868L can securely access
corporate networks.
• User-friendly Setup Wizard - Through its easy-to-use Web-based user interface, the DIR-868L lets you control
what information is accessible to those on the wireless network, whether from the Internet or from your company’s
server. Conigure your router to your speciic settings within minutes.
* Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE Standard 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n speciications. Actual data throughput will vary. Network conditions and
environmental factors, including volume of network traic, building materials and construction, and network overhead, lower actual data throughput rate. Environmental
conditions will adversely afect wireless signal range.
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Hardware Overview
Connections
1
2
3
4
6
5
7
1 USB 3.0 Port
Connect a USB lash drive to share content , or connect it to a USB printer to share it on your network.
2 WPS Button
Press to start the WPS process and automatically create a secure connection to a WPS client.
3 Gigabit LAN Ports (1-4) Connect Ethernet devices such as computers, switches, storage (NAS) devices and game consoles.
4 Gigabit Internet Port
Using an Ethernet cable, connect your broadband modem to this port.
5 Power Button
Press the power button to power on and of.
6 Power Receptor
Receptor for the supplied power adapter.
7 Reset Button
Insert a paperclip in the hole and wait for several seconds to reset the router to default settings.
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Hardware Overview
LEDs
1
2
1
Power LED
2
Internet LED
D-Link DIR-868L User Manual
A solid green light indicates a proper connection to the power supply. The light will blink green during the
WPS process. The light will be a solid orange during boot up.
A solid light indicates connection on the Internet port. If the LED is orange, the connection is good but the
router cannot connect to the Internet.
6
Section 2 - Installation
Installation
This section will walk you through the installation process. Placement of the router is very important. Do not place the router
in an enclosed area such as a closet, cabinet, or in the attic or garage.
Before you Begin
• Please conigure the router with the computer that was last connected directly to your modem.
• You can only use the Ethernet port on your modem. If you were using the USB connection before using the router,
then you must turn of your modem, disconnect the USB cable and connect an Ethernet cable to the Internet port
on the router, and then turn the modem back on. In some cases, you may need to call your ISP to change connection
types (USB to Ethernet).
• If you have DSL and are connecting via PPPoE, make sure you disable or uninstall any PPPoE software such as WinPoet,
Broadjump, or Enternet 300 from your computer or you will not be able to connect to the Internet.
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Section 2 - Installation
Wireless Installation Considerations
The D-Link wireless router lets you access your network using a wireless connection from virtually anywhere within the
operating range of your wireless network. Keep in mind, however, that the number, thickness and location of walls, ceilings,
or other objects that the wireless signals must pass through, may limit the range. Typical ranges vary depending on the types
of materials and background RF (radio frequency) noise in your home or business. The key to maximizing wireless range is to
follow these basic guidelines:
1. Keep the number of walls and ceilings between the D-Link router and other network devices to a minimum each wall or ceiling can reduce your adapter’s range from 3-90 feet (1-30 meters.) Position your devices so that
the number of walls or ceilings is minimized.
2. Be aware of the direct line between network devices. A wall that is 1.5 feet thick (.5 meters), at a 45-degree angle
appears to be almost 3 feet (1 meter) thick. At a 2-degree angle it looks over 42 feet (14 meters) thick! Position
devices so that the signal will travel straight through a wall or ceiling (instead of at an angle) for better reception.
3. Building Materials make a diference. A solid metal door or aluminum studs may have a negative efect on range.
Try to position access points, wireless routers, and computers so that the signal passes through drywall or open
doorways. Materials and objects such as glass, steel, metal, walls with insulation, water (ish tanks), mirrors, ile
cabinets, brick, and concrete will degrade your wireless signal.
4. Keep your product away (at least 3-6 feet or 1-2 meters) from electrical devices or appliances that generate RF
noise.
5. If you are using 2.4GHz cordless phones or X-10 (wireless products such as ceiling fans, lights, and home security
systems), your wireless connection may degrade dramatically or drop completely. Make sure your 2.4GHz phone
base is as far away from your wireless devices as possible. The base transmits a signal even if the phone in not
in use.
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Section 2 - Installation
Manual Setup
1. Turn of and unplug your cable or DSL broadband modem. This is required.
Modem
2. Position your router close to your modem and a computer. Place the router in an open area of your intended
work area for better wireless coverage.
3. Unplug the Ethernet cable from your modem (or existing router if upgrading) that is connected to your computer.
Plug it into the LAN port labeled 1 on the back of your router. The router is now connected to your computer.
4
Computer
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DIR-868L
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Section 2 - Installation
4. Plug one end of the included Ethernet cable that came with your router into the yellow port labeled INTERNET
on the back of the router. Plug the other end of this cable into the Ethernet port on your modem.
DIR-868L
Modem
INTERNET
Computer
5. Reconnect the power adapter to your cable or DSL broadband modem and wait for two minutes.
6. Connect the supplied power adapter into the power receptor on the back of the router and then plug it into a
power outlet or surge protector. Press the power button and verify that the power LED is lit. Allow 1 minute for
the router to boot up.
DIR-868L
Modem
1
INTERNET
Computer
7. If you are connecting to a Broadband service, you may be online already and further coniguration will be optional.
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Section 2 - Installation
Coniguration
There are several diferent ways you can conigure your router to connect to the Internet and connect to your clients:
• D-Link Setup Wizard - This wizard will launch when you log into the router for the irst time. Refer to page 12.
• QRS Mobile App - Use your iPhone, iPad, or iPod Touch to conigure your router. Refer to page 19.
• Manual Setup - Log into the router and manually conigure your router (advanced users only). Refer to pagepage 26.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
D-Link Quick Setup Wizard
If this is your irst time installing the router, open your web browser. You
will automatically be directed to the Wizard Setup Screen.
If the wizard does not open automatically, you can alternately reach
the configuration utility by entering the IP address of the router
(http://192.168.0.1). Please refer to page 24.
This wizard is designed to guide you through a step-by-step
process to conigure your new D-Link router and connect to the
Internet.
Click Next to continue.
Please wait while your router detects your internet connection type.
If the router detects your Internet connection, you may need to enter
your ISP information such as username and password.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
If the router does not detect a valid Ethernet connection from the
Internet port, this screen will appear. Connect your broadband modem
to the Internet port and then click Try Again.
If the router detects an Ethernet connection but does not detect the type
of Internet connection you have, this screen will appear. Click Guide me
through the Internet Connection Settings to display a list of connection
types to choose from.
Select your Internet connection type and click Next to continue.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
If the router detected or you selected PPPoE, enter your PPPoE username
and password and click Next to continue.
Note: Make sure to remove your PPPoE software from your computer. The
software is no longer needed and will not work through a router.
If the router detected or you selected PPTP, enter your PPTP username,
password, and other information supplied by your ISP. Click Next to
continue.
If the router detected or you selected L2TP, enter your L2TP username,
password, and other information supplied by your ISP. Click Next to
continue.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
If the router detected or you selected Static, enter the IP and DNS
settings supplied by your ISP. Click Next to continue.
For both the 2.4GHz and 5GHz segments, create a Wi-Fi network name
(SSID) using up to 32 characters.
Create a Wi-Fi password (between 8-63 characters). Your wireless clients
will need to have this passphrase or key entered to be able to connect
to your wireless network.
Click Next to continue.
In order to secure your router, please enter a new password. Check the
Enable Graphical Authentication box to enable CAPTCHA authentication
for added security. Click Next to continue.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Select your time zone from the drop-down menu and click Next to
continue.
The Setup Complete window will display your Wi-Fi settings. Click Save
and Connect to continue.
If you want to create a bookmark to the router, click OK. Click Cancel if
you do not want to create a bookmark.
If you clicked Yes, a window may appear (depending on what web
browser you are using) to create a bookmark.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
To use the mydlink service (mydlink.com or the mydlink Lite app), you
must have an account. Select if you do have a mydlink account or if you
need to create one. Click Next to continue.
If you do not want to register at this time, click Cancel.
If you clicked Yes, enter your mydlink account name (email address) and
password. Click Login to register your router.
If you clicked No, ill out the requested information and click Next to
create your mydlink account.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
The mydlink App will allow you to receive notices, browse network
users, and conigure your router from an iPhone/iPad/iPod Touch
(iOS 3.0 or higher), Android device (1.6 or higher).
To download the "mydlink lite" app, visit the Apple Store, Android
Market or http://mydlink.com/Lite.
PC and Mac users can use the mydlink portal at http://mydlink.com.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
QRS Mobile App (iOS, Android)
D-Link ofers an app for your iOS or Android device to install and conigure your router.
Step 1
From an iOS device, go to the iTunes Store. From an Android
device go to Google Play. Search for ‘D-Link’, select QRS Mobile,
and download the app to your device. You may also scan the
appropriate code on the right to locate the app download page.
iOS
Android
Step 2
Once your app is installed, you may now conigure your router.
Connect to the router wirelessly by going to your wireless utility
on your device. Scan for the Wi-Fi name (SSID) as listed on the
supplied info card. Select and then enter your Wi-Fi password.
Step 3
Once you connect to the router, launch the QRS mobile app and
it will guide you through the installation of your router.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
SharePort Mobile App (iOS, Android)
The SharePort Mobile app will allow you to access iles from a USB storage drive that is plugged into your router. You must enable ile sharing from
the Setup > Storage page (refer to page 22) for this app to work properly.
1. Plug your USB storage drive into the USB port.
Note: The DIR-868L supports hard drives with up to
one terabyte of storage capacity.
USB port
2. Use your iOS or Android mobile device to scan the QR code
to the right to download the SharePort Mobile app.
You can also search for the SharePort Mobile app directly in
the iOS App Store or Google Play.
iOS
Android
3. From your iOS or Android mobile device, choose Settings.
Note: These steps are for the iOS version of the
app. The Android version may difer slightly.
D-Link DIR-868L User Manual
Settings
20
Section 3 - Coniguration
4. Click Wi-Fi, select the Wi-Fi Network Name (SSID) that you created during
setup and then enter the default Wi-Fi password located on your Wi-Fi
coniguration note.
5. Once connected, tap on the SharePort Mobile icon.
6. The following screen will appear.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
7. Tap on the Settings icon located on the right top corner of the screen.
Tap Edit to enter your User Name and Password (the default username
is admin and the password ield should be left blank). Once you inish,
click Done to continue.
8. For the Movie section, click the movie icon to play your movie from your
USB lash drive.
9. For the Music section, click the music icon to play your music from your
USB lash drive.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
10. For the Photo section, click the Photo icon to view your photos from
your USB lash drive.
11. For the Files section, click on the Files icon to view your iles from your
USB lash drive.
12. For the Folder section, click the folder icon to view your folders
from your USB lash drive.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Web-based Coniguration Utility
To access the coniguration utility, open a web-browser such as
Internet Explorer and enter http://dlinkrouter.local.
Windows and Mac users may also connect by typing the IP address
of the router (http://192.168.0.1) in the address bar.
Enter your password. The password should be left blank
by default.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Internet Connection Setup
If you want to conigure your router to connect to the Internet
using the wizard, click Internet Connection Setup Wizard.
You will be directed to the Quick Setup Wizard. Please refer
to page 12.
Click Manual Internet Connection Setup to conigure your
connection manually and continue to the next page.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Manual Internet Setup
Static IP
Select your connection type from the My Internet Connect Is drop-down box. Choose Static IP if all of the port’s IP information has been provided
by your ISP. You will need to enter the IP address, subnet mask, gateway address, and DNS address(es). Each IP address entered in the ields must
be in the appropriate IP form, which are four octets separated by a dot (x.x.x.x). The Router will not accept the IP address if it is not in this format.
My Internet Select Static IP to manually enter the IP settings supplied by your ISP.
Connection Is:
IP Address: Enter the IP address assigned by your ISP.
Subnet Mask: Enter the Subnet Mask assigned by your ISP.
Default Gateway: Enter the Gateway assigned by your ISP.
DNS Servers: The DNS server information will be supplied by your ISP
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit - you may need to change the MTU for
optimal performance with your speciic ISP. 1500 is the default MTU.
MAC Address: The default MAC address is set to the Internet port’s physical interface
MAC address on the broadband router. It is not recommended that you
change the default MAC address unless required by your ISP. You can use
the Clone Your PC’s MAC Address button to replace the Internet port’s
MAC address with the MAC address of your Ethernet card.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Dynamic IP (DHCP)
If you are unsure what method you use to connect to the Internet, try this irst. Cable modems usually use this type of connection
My Internet Select Dynamic IP (DHCP) to obtain IP Address information automatically
Connection: from your ISP. Select this option if your ISP does not give you any IP
numbers to use. This option is commonly used for cable modem services.
Host Name: The Host Name is optional but may be required by some ISPs. Leave blank
if you are not sure.
Use Unicasting: Check the box if you are having problems obtaining an IP address from
your ISP.
Primary/Secondary Enter the primary and secondary DNS server IP addresses assigned by
DNS Server: your ISP. These addresses are usually obtained automatically from your
ISP. Leave at 0.0.0.0 if you did not speciically receive these from your ISP.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit - you may need to change the MTU for optimal performance with your speciic ISP. 1500 is the default
MTU.
MAC Address: The default MAC address is set to the Internet port’s physical interface MAC address on the broadband router. It is not recommended
that you change the default MAC address unless required by your ISP. You can use the Clone Your PC’s MAC Address button to
replace the Internet port’s MAC address with the MAC address of your Ethernet card.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
PPPoE (Username/Password)
Choose PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet) if your ISP uses a PPPoE connection. Your ISP will provide you with a username and password.
This option is typically used for DSL services. Make sure to remove your PPPoE software from your computer. The software is no longer needed and
will not work through a router.
My Internet Select PPPoE (Username/Password) from the drop-down menu.
Connection:
Address Mode: Select Static IP if your ISP assigned you the IP address, subnet mask,
gateway, and DNS server addresses. In most cases, select Dynamic.
IP Address: Enter the IP address (Static PPPoE only).
User Name: Enter your PPPoE user name.
Password: Enter your PPPoE password and then retype the password in the next box.
Service Name: Enter the ISP Service Name (optional).
Reconnect Select either Always-on, On-Demand, or Manual.
Mode:
Maximum Idle Enter a maximum idle time during which the Internet connection
Time: is maintained during inactivity. To disable this feature, enable Autoreconnect.
DNS Mode: Select whether to Receive DNS from ISP or Enter DNS Manually. For Manual, enter the DNS information below.
DNS Addresses: Enter the primary and secondary DNS server addresses (Static PPPoE only).
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Section 3 - Coniguration
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit - you may need to change the MTU for optimal performance with your speciic ISP. 1492 is the default
MTU.
MAC Address: The default MAC address is set to the Internet port’s physical interface MAC address on the broadband router. It is not recommended
that you change the default MAC address unless required by your ISP. You can use the Clone Your PC’s MAC Address button to
replace the Internet port’s MAC address with the MAC address of your Ethernet card.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
PPTP
Choose PPTP (Point-to-Point-Tunneling Protocol ) if your ISP uses a PPTP connection. Your ISP will provide you with a username and password. This
option is typically used for DSL services.
My Internet Select PPTP (Username/Password) from the drop-down menu.
Connection:
Address Mode: Select Static IP if your ISP assigned you the IP address, subnet mask,
gateway, and DNS server addresses. In most cases, select Dynamic IP.
PPTP IP Address: Enter the IP address (Static PPTP only).
PPTP Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask provided by your ISP (Static PPTP only).
PPTP Gateway: Enter the gateway IP Address provided by your ISP.
PPTP Server IP: Enter the server IP provided by your ISP (optional).
Username: Enter your PPTP username.
Password: Enter your PPTP password and then retype the password in the next box.
Reconnect Mode: Select either Always, On-Demand, or Manual. You can also select a
schedule for connection.
Maximum Idle Enter a maximum idle time during which the Internet connection is
Time: maintained during inactivity. To disable this feature, enable Auto-reconnect.
Primary/Secondary The DNS primary and secondary DNS server information will be supplied by your ISP (Internet Service Provider.)
DNS Servers:
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit - you may need to change the MTU for optimal performance with your speciic ISP. 1400 is the default
MTU.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
MAC Address: The default MAC Address is set to the Internet port’s physical interface MAC address on the Broadband Router. It is not recommended
that you change the default MAC address unless required by your ISP. You can use the Clone Your PC’s MAC Address button to
replace the Internet port’s MAC address with the MAC address of your Ethernet card.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
L2TP
Choose L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol ) if your ISP uses a L2TP connection. Your ISP will provide you with a username and password. This option
is typically used for DSL services.
My Internet Select L2TP (Username/Password) from the drop-down menu.
Connection:
Address Mode: Select Static if your ISP assigned you the IP address, subnet mask,
gateway, and DNS server addresses. In most cases, select Dynamic.
PPTP IP Address: Enter the IP address (Static PPTP only).
PPTP Subnet Mask: Enter the primary and secondary DNS Server Addresses (Static PPTP only).
PPTP Gateway: Enter the gateway IP Address provided by your ISP.
PPTP Server IP: Enter the server IP provided by your ISP (optional).
Username: Enter your PPTP username.
Password: Enter your PPTP password and then retype the password in the next box.
Reconnect Mode: Select either Always, On-Demand, or Manual. You can also select a
schedule for connection.
Maximum Idle Enter a maximum idle time during which the Internet connection is
Time: maintained during inactivity. To disable this feature, enable Auto-reconnect.
Primary/Secondary The DNS primary and secondary DNS server information will be supplied by your ISP (Internet Service Provider.)
DNS Servers:
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit - you may need to change the MTU for optimal performance with your speciic ISP. 1400 is the default
MTU.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
MAC Address: The default MAC Address is set to the Internet port’s physical interface MAC address on the Broadband Router. It is not recommended
that you change the default MAC address unless required by your ISP. You can use the Clone Your PC’s MAC Address button to
replace the Internet port’s MAC address with the MAC address of your Ethernet card.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
DS-Lite
DS-Lite is an IPv6 connection type. After selecting DS-Lite, the following parameters will be available for coniguration:
DS-Lite Select the DS-Lite DHCPv6 option to let the router allocate the AFTR
Coniguration: IPv6 address automatically. Select the Manual Coniguration to enter
the AFTR IPv6 address in manually.
AFTR IPv6 Address: After selecting the Manual Coniguration option above, enter the AFTR
IPv6 address used here.
B4 IPv4 Address: Enter the B4 IPv4 address value used here.
WAN IPv6 Address: Once connected, the WAN IPv6 address will be displayed here.
IPv6 WAN Default Once connected, the IPv6 WAN Default Gateway address will be
Gateway: displayed here.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Wireless Settings
If you want to conigure the wireless settings on your router using the wizard,
click Wireless Network Setup Wizard and refer to page 42.
Click Add Wireless Device with WPS if you want to add a wireless device
using Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) and refer to page 44.
If you want to manually conigure the wireless settings on your router click
Manual Wireless Connection Setup and refer to the next page.
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Section 4 - Security
Wireless Connection Setup Wizard
To run the security wizard, click on Setup at the top and then click Wireless
Connection Setup Wizard.
STEP 1: Type your desired wireless network names (SSIDs) for both the 2.4 GHz
band and the 5 GHz band.
Automatically: Select this option to automatically generate the router’s
network key and click Next.
Manually: Select this option to manually enter your network key and
click Next.
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Section 4 - Security
If you selected Automatically, the option to make your password the same
on both bands with be ofered. If you choose to make them the same, you
can select your own password in the box below.
Click Next.
You will now see a summary window that displays your settings. Write down
the security key and enter this on your wireless clients.
Click Save to save your settings.
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Section 4 - Security
If you selected Manually, the option to make your password the same on
both bands with be ofered.
Enter your wireless password in the box below.
Click Next.
You will now see a summary window that displays your settings. Write down
the security key and enter this on your wireless clients.
Click Save to save your settings.
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Section 4 - Security
Wireless Security Setup Wizard
If you are unfamiliar with the types of wireless security, more information is located in the appendix at back of this manual.
To run the security wizard, click on Setup at the top and then click Wireless
Network Setup Wizard.
Type your desired wireless network name (SSID).
Automatically: Select this option to automatically generate the router’s
network key and click Next.
Manually: Select this option to manually enter your network key and
click Next.
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Section 4 - Security
If you selected Automatically, the summary window will display your
settings. Write down the security key and enter this on your wireless clients.
Click Save to save your settings.
If you selected Manually, the following screen will appear. Create a
passphrase for your security password. Click Next to continue.
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Section 4 - Security
Add Wireless Device with WPS Wizard
If you are unfamiliar with the types of wireless security, more information is located in the appendix at back of this manual.
From the Setup > Wireless Settings screen, click Add Wireless Device with
WPS.
Select Auto to add a wireless client using WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) and
then click Next. Skip to the next page.
If you select Manual, a settings summary screen will appear. Write down the
security key and enter this on your wireless clients. Click OK to inish.
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Section 4 - Security
PIN: Select this option to use PIN method. In order to use this method you
must know the wireless client’s 8 digit PIN and click Connect.
PBC: Select this option to use PBC (Push Button) method to add a wireless
client. Click Connect.
Once you click Connect, you will have a 120 second time limit to apply the
settings to your wireless client(s) and successfully establish a connection.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Manual Wireless Settings
802.11 b/g/n (2.4 GHz)
If you are unfamiliar with the types of wireless security, more information is located in the appendix at back of this manual.
š Wireless: Check the box to enable the wireless function. If you do
not want to use wireless, uncheck the box to disable all the
wireless functions.
Schedule: Select the time frame that you would like your wireless
network enabled. The schedule may be set to Always. Any
schedule you create will be available in the drop-down menu.
Click New Schedule to create a schedule.
Wireless Network Service Set Identiier (SSID) is the name of your wireless
Name: network. Create a name for your wireless network using up
to 32 characters. The SSID is case-sensitive.
802.11 Mode: Select one of the following:
802.11b Only - Select only if all of your wireless clients are 802.11b.
802.11g Only - Select only if all of your wireless clients are 802.11g.
802.11n Only - Select only if all of your wireless clients are 802.11n.
Mixed 802.11g and 802.11b - Select if you are using both 802.11g and 802.11b wireless clients.
Mixed 802.11n and 802.11g - Select if you are using both 802.11n and 802.11g wireless clients.
Mixed 802.11n, 802.11g, and 802.11b - Select if you are using a mix of 802.11n, 802.11g, and 802.11b wireless clients.
Enable Auto The Auto Channel Scan setting can be selected to allow the DIR-868L to choose the channel with the least amount of interference.
Channel Scan:
Wireless Channel: Indicates the channel setting for the DIR-868L. By default the channel is set to 6. The Channel can be changed to it the channel
setting for an existing wireless network or to customize the wireless network. If you enable Auto Channel Scan, this option will be
greyed out.
Transmission This should be set to Best (automatic) for optimal performance.
Rate:
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Section 3 - Coniguration
hannel Width: Select the Channel Width:
Auto 20/40 - This is the default setting. Select if you are using both 802.11n and non-802.11n wireless devices.
20 MHz - Select if you are not using any 802.11n wireless clients.
Visibility Status: Select Invisible if you do not want the SSID of your wireless network to be broadcast by the DIR-868L. If Invisible is selected, the
SSID of the DIR-868L will not be seen by Site Survey utilities so your wireless clients will have to know the SSID of your DIR-868L in
order to connect to it.
Wireless Refer to the “Wireless Security” on page <OV> for more information regarding wireless security.
Security:
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Section 3 - Coniguration
802.11ac draft (5 GHz)
Wireless: Check the box to enable the wireless function. If you do
not want to use wireless, uncheck the box to disable all the
wireless functions.
Schedule: Select the time frame that you would like your wireless
network enabled. The schedule may be set to Always. Any
schedule you create will be available in the drop-down menu.
Click New Schedule to create a schedule.
Wireless Network Service Set Identiier (SSID) is the name of your wireless
Name: network. Create a name for your wireless network using up
to 32 characters. The SSID is case-sensitive.
802.11 Mode: Select one of the following:
802.11n Only - Select only if all of your wireless clients are 802.11n.
802.11ac Only - Select if all of your wireless clients are 802.11ac.
Mixed 802.11a and 802.11n - Select if you are using both 802.11n and 802.11a wireless clients.
Mixed 802.11ac and 802.11n - Select if you are using both 802.11ac and 802.11n wireless clients.
Mixed 802.11ac, 802.11n, and 802.11a - Select if you are using 802.11ac, 802.11n, and 802.11a wireless clients.
Enable Auto The Auto Channel Scan setting can be selected to allow the DIR-868L to choose the channel with the least amount of interference.
Channel Scan:
Wireless Channel: Indicates the channel setting for the DIR-868L. By default the channel is set to 6. The Channel can be changed to it the channel
setting for an existing wireless network or to customize the wireless network. If you enable Auto Channel Scan, this option will be
greyed out.
Transmission This should be set to Best (automatic) for optimal performance.
Rate:
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Section 3 - Coniguration
hannel Select the Channel Width:
Width: Auto 20/40/80 - Select if you are using both 802.11ac, 802.11n and non-802.11n wireless devices.
Auto 20/40 - This is the default setting. Select if you are using both 802.11n and non-802.11n wireless devices.
20 MHz - Select if you are not using any 802.11n wireless clients.
Visibility Select Invisible if you do not want the SSID of your wireless network to be broadcasted by the DIR-868L. If Invisible is selected, the
Status: SSID of the DIR-868L will not be seen by Site Survey utilities so your wireless clients will have to know the SSID of your DIR-868L
in order to connect to it.
Wireless Refer to the “Wireless Security” on page <OV> for more information regarding wireless security.
Security:
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Wireless Security
By default the wireless security of this router will be disabled. In this option the user can enable or disable wireless security
for the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz frequency bands. There are two types of encryption that can be used: WEP or WPA/WPA2.
Wireless Security Mode: WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is the most basic form of encryption that
can be used for wireless networks. WEP is considered to be a relatively weak
security method, however it provides more protection than an unsecured
network. Older wireless adapters may only support WEP encryption. It is
recommended that this method is used only if your wireless clients do
not support WPA.
The following parameters will be available for coniguration:
WEP Key Length: Here the user can specify to either use a 64-Bit or a
128-Bit encrypted key.
Authentication: Authentication is a process by which the router veriies
the identity of a network device that is attempting
to join the wireless network. There are two types
authentication for this device when using WEP. Open
System allows all wireless devices to communicate
with the router before they are required to provide the
encryption key needed to gain access to the network.
Shared Key requires any wireless device attempting to
communicate with the router to provide the encryption
key needed to access the network before they are
allowed to communicate with the router.
WEP Key 1: Enter the WEP key used here. For 64-bit keys you must enter 10 hex digits into each key box. For 128-bit keys you
must enter 26 hex digits into each key box. A hex digit is either a number from 0 to 9 or a letter from A to F. You may
also enter any text string into a WEP key box, in which case it will be converted into a hexadecimal key using the
ASCII values of the characters. A maximum of 5 text characters can be entered for 64-bit keys, and a maximum of 13
characters for 128-bit keys.
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Wireless Security Mode: WPA-Personal
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is the most advanced wireless encryption
method used today. This is the recommended wireless security option. WPA
supports two authentication frameworks. Personal (PSK) and Enterprise
(EAP). Personal requires only the use of a passphrase (Pre-Shared Key) for
security.
The following parameters will be available for coniguration:
WPA Mode: WPA is the older standard; select this option if the
clients that will be used with the router only support
the older standard. WPA2 is the newer implementation
of the stronger IEEE 802.11i security standard. With the
WPA2 option, the router tries WPA2 irst, but falls back
to WPA if the client only supports WPA. With the WPA2
Only option, the router associates only with clients that
also support WPA2 security.
Cipher Type: Select the appropriate cipher type to use here. Options
to choose from are Temporal Key Integrity Protocol
(TKIP), Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), and Both
(TKIP and AES).
Group Key Enter the amount of time before the group key used
Update Interval: for broadcast and multicast data is changed.
Pre-Shared Key: Enter the password to be used for the wireless
network here. This password is required by wireless
clients for them to be able to connect to the wireless network successfully.
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Wireless Security Mode: WPA-Enterprise
WPA-Enterprise is a more sophisticated level of wireless security which requires a RADIUS Authentication Server. This form of security is used
primarily in medium to large-scale network environments.
The following parameters will be available for coniguration:
WPA Mode: WPA is the older standard; select this option if the clients that
will be used with the router only support this older standard.
WPA2 is the newer implementation of the stronger IEEE 802.11i
security standard. With the WPA2 option, the router tries WPA2
irst, but falls back to WPA if the client only supports WPA. With
the WPA2 Only option, the router associates only with clients
that also support WPA2 security.
Cipher Type: Select the appropriate cipher type to use here. Options to
choose from are Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), and Both (TKIP and AES).
Group Key Enter the amount of time before the group key used for
Update Interval: broadcast and multicast data is changed.
RADIUS Server IP When the user chooses to use the EAP authentication frameAddress: work, the RADIUS server’s IP address can be entered here.
RADIUS Server Port: When the user chooses to use the EAP authentication framework, the RADIUS server’s port number can be entered here.
RADIUS Server Shared Enter the shared secret (password) used here. This password
Secret: needs to be the same on all of the wireless clients for them to
be able to connect to the wireless network successfully.
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Optional backup RADIUS Click the Advanced button to enter settings for the
server (Advanced): optional backup RADIUS server. This option allows users
to specify a secondary RADIUS server to be used in the
event that the primary RADUIS server fails. Enter the
information for the secondary server in the same manner
as the primary server described in the steps on the
previous page
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Network Settings
This section will allow you to change the local network settings of the router and to conigure the DHCP settings.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Router Settings
This section will allow you to conigure the router settings.
Router IP Address: Enter the IP address of the router. The default IP address
is 192.168.0.1.
If you change the IP address, once you click Save Settings,
you will need to enter the new IP address in your browser
to get back into the coniguration utility.
Default Subnet Enter the Subnet Mask. The default subnet mask is
Mask: 255.255.255.0.
Device Name: Enter a name for the router.
Local Domain: Enter the Domain name (Optional).
Enable DNS Relay: Uncheck the box to transfer the DNS server information
from your ISP to your computers. If checked, your
computers will use the router for a DNS server.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
DHCP Server Settings
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Control Protocol. The DIR-868L has a built-in DHCP server. The DHCP Server will automatically assign an IP address
to the computers on the LAN/private network. Be sure to set your computers to be DHCP clients by setting their TCP/IP settings to “Obtain an IP
Address Automatically.” When you turn your computers on, they will automatically load the proper TCP/IP settings provided by the DIR-868L. The
DHCP Server will automatically allocate an unused IP address from the IP address pool to the requesting computer. You must specify the starting
and ending address of the IP address pool.
Enable DHCP Check this box to enable the DHCP server on your router.
Server: Uncheck to disable this function.
DHCP IP Address Enter the starting and ending IP addresses for the DHCP
Range: server’s IP assignment.
Note: If you statically (manually) assign IP addresses to your
computers or devices, make sure the IP addresses are outside
of this range or you may have an IP conlict.
DHCP Lease Time: The length of time for the IP address lease. Enter the Lease
time in minutes.
Always Enable this feature to broadcast your networks DHCP server
Broadcast: to LAN/WLAN clients.
NetBIOS NetBIOS allows LAN hosts to discover all other computers
Announcement: within the network, enable this feature to allow the DHCP
Server to ofer NetBIOS coniguration settings.
Learn NetBIOS Enable this feature to allow WINS information to be learned from the WAN side, disable to allow manual coniguration.
from WAN:
NetBIOS Scope: This feature allows the coniguration of a NetBIOS ‘domain’ name under which network hosts operates. This setting has no efect
if the ‘Learn NetBIOS information from WAN’ is activated.
NetBIOS Node:
Select the diferent type of NetBIOS node; Broadcast only, Point-to-Point, Mixed-mode, and Hybrid.
WINS IP Address: Enter your primary and secondary WINS Server IP address(es).
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Section 3 - Coniguration
DHCP Reservation
If you want a computer or device to always have the same IP address assigned, you can create a DHCP reservation. The router will assign the IP
address only to that computer or device.
Note: This IP address must be within the DHCP IP Address Range.
Enable: Check this box to enable the reservation.
Computer Name: Enter the computer name or select from the drop-down
menu and click <<.
IP Address: Enter the IP address you want to assign to the computer
or device. This IP Address must be within the DHCP IP
Address Range.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address of the computer or device.
Clone Your PC’s If you want to assign an IP address to the computer you
MAC Address: are currently on, click this button to populate the ields.
Add/Update: Click Add/Update to save your entry. You must click Save
Settings at the top to activate your reservations.
DHCP Reservations List
DHCP Displays any reservation entries. Displays the host name
Reservations List: (name of your computer or device), MAC address, and IP
address.
Enable: Check to enable the reservation.
Edit: Click the edit icon to make changes to the reservation entry.
Delete: Click to remove the reservation from the list.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Storage
This page will allow you to set up access to iles on an external USB hard drive1 or thumb drive that is plugged into the router. You can do this
through local network or from the Internet using either a web browser or an app on your smartphone or tablet. You can create users that can be
allowed access to these iles through SharePort Mobile services accessible through a web UI or on mobile devices using the SharePort Mobile app
available for iOS and Android.
Enable SharePort Check this box if you wish to be able to access SharePort through
Web Access a browser as well as the mobile app.
HTTP Access Port: Enter the port you want to use when accessing SharePort using
a web browser.
HTTPS Access Port: Enter the port you want to use when accessing SharePort through
a secure connection using a web browser.
Allow Remote Check this box if you wish to be able to access SharePort through
Access: a web browser over the Internet.
User Creation: To give a new user access to your SharePort storage, enter a User
Name and Password here. You can Add new users or choose
existing users from the drop-down menu if you wish to Edit or
Delete them.
Note: The Admin password is the same as the admin password for
the router. The Guest password is “guest” and cannot be changed.
User List: This list displays all of the users with access to the SharePort Mobile
content, what they can access, and their Read/Write Permissions.
Number of Devices: All devices you have set up for SharePort access will be listed here.
SharePort Web This area will display the HTTP and HTTPS links to connect to your SharePort drive through a web browser from a device on
Access Link: your network.
1
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Media Server
This page will allow you to enable a DLNA Media Server. DLNA (Digital Living Network Alliance) is the standard for the interoperability of Network
Media Devices (NMDs). The user can enjoy multimedia applications (music, pictures and videos) on your network connected PC or media devices.
If you agree to share media with devices, any computer or device that connects to your network can play your shared music, pictures and videos.
Note: The shared media may not be secure. Allowing any devices to stream is recommended only on secure networks.
DLNA Server: Check to enable DLNA Media Server functions.
DLNA Server Choose a name for your DLNA media server so that it can be
Name: found.
Folder: Choose the location of the folder you wish to share or check the
box to use the root folder of the entire drive.
iTunes Server: Check to enable iTunes Server functions.
Folder: Choose the location of the iTunes Library folder you wish to share
or check the box to use the root folder if it is located on the root
folder of the connected drive.
SB 3.0: Use this setting to enable USB 3.0 functionality for the USB port
on the back of the router. USB 3.0 provides high-speed transfer
speeds with compatible devices. This setting is disabled by
default, which means that the USB port will operate at the USB
2.0 speciication.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
IPv6
On this page, you can conigure the IPv6 Connection type. There are two ways to set up the IPv6 Internet connection. You can use the Web-based
IPv6 Internet Connection Setup Wizard, or you can manually conigure the connection.
If you are a beginner that has not conigured a router before, click on the IPv6 Internet
Connection Setup Wizard button and the router will guide you through a few simple
steps to get your network up and running.
If you are an advanced user that has conigured a router before, click on the Manual
IPv6 Internet Connection Setup button to input all the settings manually.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
IPv6 Internet Connection Setup Wizard
On this page, the user can conigure the IPv6 Connection type using the IPv6 Internet Connection Setup Wizard.
Click the IPv6 Internet Connection Setup Wizard button and the router will guide
you through a few simple steps to get your network up and running.
Click Next to continue to the next page. Click Cancel to discard the changes made
and return to the main page.
The router will try to detect whether its possible to obtain the IPv6 Internet
connection type automatically. If this succeeds then the user will be guided through
the input of the appropriate parameters for the connection type found.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
However, if the automatic detection fails, the user will be prompt to either Try
again or to click on the Guide me through the IPv6 settings button to initiate the
manual continual of the wizard.
There are several connection types to choose from. If you are unsure of your
connection method, please contact your IPv6 Internet Service Provider.
Note: If using the PPPoE option, you will need to ensure that any PPPoE client
software on your computers has been removed or disabled. The 3 options available
on this page are IPv6 over PPPoE, Static IPv6 address and Route, and Tunneling
Connection.
Choose the required IPv6 Internet Connection type and click on the Next button
to continue. Click on the Prev button to return to the previous page. Click on the
Cancel button to discard all the changes made and return to the main page.
Click on the Next button to continue. Click on the Prev button to return to the previous page.
Click on the Cancel button to discard all the changes made and return to the main page.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
IPv6 over PPPoE
After selecting the IPv6 over PPPoE option, the user will be able to conigure the
IPv6 Internet connection that requires a username and password to get online.
Most DSL modems use this type of connection.
The following parameters will be available for coniguration:
PPPoE Session: Select the PPPoE Session value used here. This option will state
that this connection shares it’s information with the already
conigured IPv6 PPPoE connection, or the user can create a new
PPPoE connection here.
Username: Enter the PPPoE username used here. If you do not know your
user name, please contact your ISP.
Password: Enter the PPPoE password used here. If you do not know your
password, please contact your ISP.
Verify Password: Re-enter the PPPoE password used here.
Service Name: Enter the service name for this connection here. This option is
optional.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Static IPv6 Address Connection
This mode is used when your ISP provides you with a set IPv6 addresses that does not change. The IPv6 information is manually entered in your
IPv6 coniguration settings. You must enter the IPv6 address, Subnet Preix Length, Default Gateway, Primary DNS Server, and Secondary DNS
Server. Your ISP provides you with all this information.
Use Link-Local The Link-local address is used by nodes and routers when
Address: communicating with neighboring nodes on the same link. This
mode enables IPv6-capable devices to communicate with each
other on the LAN side.
IPv6 Address: Enter the WAN IPv6 address for the router here.
Subnet Preix Enter the WAN subnet preix length value used here.
Length:
Default Gateway: Enter the WAN default gateway IPv6 address used here.
Primary DNS Enter the WAN primary DNS Server address used here.
Address:
Secondary DNS Enter the WAN secondary DNS Server address used here.
Address:
LAN IPv6 Address: These are the settings of the LAN (Local Area Network) IPv6 interface for the router. The router’s LAN IPv6 Address coniguration is
based on the IPv6 Address and Subnet assigned by your ISP. (A subnet with preix /64 is supported in LAN.)
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Tunneling Connection (6rd)
After selecting the Tunneling Connection (6rd) option, the user can conigure the IPv6 6rd connection settings.
6rd IPv6 Preix: Enter the 6rd IPv6 address and preix value used here.
IPv4 Address: Enter the IPv4 address used here.
Mask Length: Enter the IPv4 mask length used here.
Assigned Displays the IPv6 assigned preix value here.
IPv6 Preix:
6rd Border Relay Enter the 6rd border relay IPv4 address used here.
IPv4 Address:
IPv6 DNS Server: Enter the primary DNS Server address used here.
The IPv6 Internet Connection Setup Wizard is complete.
Click on the Connect button to continue. Click on the Prev button to return to
the previous page. Click on the Cancel button to discard all the changes made
and return to the main page.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Manual IPv6 Local Connectivity Setup
You can set up a local-only IPv6 Internet connection as well. If you want to conigure an IPv6 connection that will not connect to the Internet, click
on the Manual IPv6 Local Connectivity Settings button.
Enable ULA: Click here to enable Unique Local IPv6 Unicast Addresses settings.
Use Default Checking this box will automatically conigure
ULA Preix: the ULA preix for the default setting.
ULA Preix: If you wish to choose your own ULA preix, enter it here.
Current IPv6 This section with display the current settings for your IPv6 ULA.
ULA Settings:
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IPv6 Manual Setup
There are several connection types to choose from: Auto Detection, Static IPv6, Autoconiguration (SLAAC/DHCPv6), PPPoE, IPv6 in IPv4 Tunnel,
6to4, 6rd, and Link-local. If you are unsure of your connection method, please contact your IPv6 Internet Service Provider.
Note: If using the PPPoE option, you will need to ensure that any PPPoE client software on your computers has been removed or disabled.
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Static IPv6
My IPv6 Select Static IPv6 from the drop-down menu.
Connection Is:
Use Link-Local Enter the address settings supplied by your Internet provider (ISP).
Address:
Subnet Preix Enter a subnet preix length.
Length:
IPv6 Default Enter the default gateway for your IPv6 connection.
Gateway:
Primary/ Enter the primary and secondary DNS server addresses.
Secondary IPv6
DNS Servers:
LAN IPv6 Address: Enter the LAN (local) IPv6 address for the router.
LAN Link-Local Displays the router’s LAN Link-Local Address.
Address:
Enable Automatic Check to enable the Autoconiguration feature.
IPv6 Address
Assignment:
Autoconiguration Choose either Stateful DHCPv6, SLAAC + RDNSS or SLAAC +
Type: Stateless DHCPv6 from the drop-down menu.
Router Enter the IPv6 Address Lifetime (in minutes).
Advertisement
Lifetime:
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Auto Detection
My IPv6 Select Auto Detection from the drop-down menu.
Connection Is:
IPv6 DNS Settings: Select either Obtain DNS server address automatically or Use the
following DNS Address.
Primary/Secondary Enter the primary and secondary DNS server addresses.
DNS Address:
Enable DHCP-PD: Check this box to enable DHCP-PD services.
LAN IPv6 Address: Enter the LAN (local) IPv6 address for the router.
LAN Link-Local Displays the router’s LAN Link-Local Address.
Address:
Enable Automatic Check to enable the Automatic IPv6 Address Assignment feature.
IPv6 Address
Assignment:
Enable Automatic Check this box to automatically enable DHCP-PD services.
DHCP-PD in LAN:
Autoconiguration Select Stateful (DHCPv6), SLAAC + RDNSS or SLAAC + Stateless
Type: DHCPv6.
Router Enter the IPv6 Address Lifetime (in minutes).
Advertisement
Lifetime:
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PPPoE
My IPv6 Select PPPoE from the drop-down menu.
Connection Is:
PPPoE Session: Enter the PPPoE account settings supplied by your Internet provider.
Address Mode: Select Static if your ISP assigned you the IP address, subnet mask,
gateway, and DNS server addresses. In most cases, select Dynamic.
IP Address: Enter the IP address (Static PPPoE only).
User Name: Enter your PPPoE user name.
Password: Enter your PPPoE password and retype the password in the next box.
Service Name: Enter the ISP Service Name (optional).
Reconnect Mode: Select either Always-on, On-Demand, or Manual.
Maximum Idle Enter a maximum idle time during which the Internet connection is
Time: maintained during inactivity.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit - you may need to change the MTU for
optimal performance with your speciic ISP. 1492 is the default MTU.
IPv6 DNS Settings: Select either Obtain DNS server address automatically or Use the following DNS Address.
Primary/Secondary Enter the primary and secondary DNS server addresses.
DNS Address:
Enable DHCP-D: Check this box to enable DHCP preix delegation for each LAN on the network.
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LAN IPv6 Address: Enter the LAN (local) IPv6 address for the router.
LAN Link-Local Displays the router’s LAN Link-Local Address.
Address:
Enable Automatic Check to enable the Automatic IPv6 Address Assignment feature.
IPv6 Address
Assignment:
Enable Automatic Check this box to enable automatica coniguration of the DHCP preix
DHCP-PD in LAN: delegation for each LAN on the network.
Autoconiguration Select Stateful (DHCPv6), SLAAC + RDNSS or SLAAC + Stateless
Type: DHCPv6.
IPv6 Address Enter the IPv6 Address Lifetime (in minutes).
Lifetime:
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IPv6 in IPv4 Tunneling
My IPv6 Select IPv6 in IPv4 Tunnel from the drop-down menu.
Connection Is:
Remote IPv4 Enter the IPv4 remote address you will use.
Address:
Remote IPv6 Enter the IPv6 remote address you will use.
Address:
Local IPv4 Address: Enter the IPv4 local address you will use.
Local IPv6 Address: Enter the IPv6 local address you will use.
IPv6 DNS Settings: Select either Obtain DNS server address automatically or Use the
following DNS Address.
Primary/Secondary Enter the primary and secondary DNS server addresses.
DNS Address:
Enable DHCP-D: Check this box to enable DHCP preix delegation for each LAN.
LAN IPv6 Address: Enter the LAN (local) IPv6 address for the router.
LAN IPv6 Lin-Local Displays the router’s LAN Link-Local Address.
Address:
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Enable Automatic Check to enable the Automatic IPv6 Address Assignment feature.
IPv6 Address
Assignment:
Enable Automatic Check this box to enable automatic coniguration of the DHCP preix
DHCP-PD in LAN: delegation for each LAN on the network.
Autoconiguration Select Stateful (DHCPv6), SLAAC + RDNSS or SLAAC + Stateless
Type: DHCPv6.
Router Enter the Router Advertisement Lifetime (in minutes).
Advertisement
Lifetime:
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6to4
My IPv6 Select 6to4 from the drop-down menu.
Connection Is:
6to4 Address: Enter the IPv6 settings supplied by your ISP.
6to4 Relay: Enter the IPv6 relay supplied by your ISP.
Primary/Secondary Enter the primary and secondary DNS server addresses.
DNS Address:
LAN IPv6 Address: Enter the LAN (local) IPv6 address for the router.
LAN IPv6 Link-Local Displays the Router’s LAN Link-Local Address.
Address:
Enable Automatic Check to enable the Automatic IPv6 Address Assignment feature.
IPv6 Address
Assignment:
Autoconiguration Select Stateful (DHCPv6), SLAAC + RDNSS or SLAAC + Stateless
Type: DHCPv6.
Router Enter the IPv6 Address Lifetime (in minutes).
Advertisement
Lifetime:
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6rd
My IPv6 Select 6rd from the drop-down menu.
Connection Is:
Enable Hub and Check this box if you want to minimize the number of routes to the
Spoke Mode: destination by using a hub and spoke method of networking.
6rd Coniguration: Choose the 6rd DHCPv4 Option to automatically discover and populate
the data values, or Manual Coniguration to enter the settings yourself.
6rd IPv6 Preix: Enter the 6rd IPv6 preix settings supplied by your ISP.
IPv4 Address: You IPv4 address will appear here.
Mask Length: Enter the desired IPv4 mask length.
Assigned IPv6 When an IPv6 preix is assigned, it will appear here.
Preix:
6rd Border Relay Enter the 6rd Border Relay IPv4 address settings supplied by your ISP.
IPv4 Address:
Primary/ Enter the primary and secondary DNS server addresses.
Secondary DNS
Address:
LAN IPv6 Address: Enter the LAN (local) IPv6 address for the router.
LAN IPv6 Link- Displays the Router’s LAN Link-Local Address.
Local Address:
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Enable Automatic Check to enable the Automatic IPv6 Address Assignment feature.
IPv6 Address
Assignment:
Autoconiguration Select Stateful (DHCPv6), SLAAC + RDNSS or SLAAC + Stateless
Type: DHCPv6.
Router Enter the IPv6 Address Lifetime (in minutes).
Advertisement
Lifetime:
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Link-Local Connectivity
My IPv6 Select Link-Local Only from the drop-down menu.
Connection Is:
LAN IPv6 Address Displays the IPv6 address of the router.
Settings:
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mydlink Settings
Devices that are mydlink-enabled can be accessed and managed through the mydlink website and by using mydlink mobile apps for iOS and
Android. You cannot take advantage of these features without a mydlink account. If you have a mydlink account already, you can log in when you
irst set up the router, or by visitng this setup page.
mydlink Service: Displays whether your device is registered with a mydlink
account or not.
mydlink E-mail: Displays the email address associated with your mydlink
account if you have an active account.
Register mydlink Click to go to the mydlink website to register your device or
Service: edit your settings.
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Advanced
Virtual Server
This page will allow you to open a single port. If you would like to open a range of ports, refer to the next page.
Name: Enter a name for the rule or select an application from the
drop-down menu. Select an application and click << to
populate the ields.
IP Address: Enter the IP address of the computer on your local network
that you want to allow the incoming service to. If your
computer is receiving an IP address automatically from the
router (DHCP), your computer will be listed in the “Computer
Name” drop-down menu.
Private Port/ Enter the port that you want to open next to Private Port
Public Port: and Public Port. The private and public ports are usually the
same. The public port is seen from the Internet side, and
the private port is used by the application on the computer
within your local network.
Protocol: Select TCP, UDP, or Both from the drop-down menu.
Schedule: The schedule of time when the Virtual Server Rule will be
enabled. The schedule may be set to Always, which will allow
the particular service to always be enabled. You can create
your own times in the Tools > Schedules section.
Inbound Filter: Select Allow All (most common) or a created Inbound ilter.
You may create your own inbound ilters in the Advanced >
Inbound Filter page.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Port Forwarding
This page will allow you to open a single port or a range of ports.
Name: Enter a name for the rule or select an application from the
drop-down menu. Select an application and click to populate
the ields.
IP Address: Enter the IP address of the computer on your local network that
you want to allow the incoming service to. If your computer is
receiving an IP address automatically from the router (DHCP),
you computer will be listed in the “Computer Name” dropdown menu. Select your computer and click <<.
TCP/UDP: Enter the TCP and/or UDP port or ports that you want to open.
You can enter a single port or a range of ports. Separate ports
with a common. Example: 24,1009,3000-4000
Schedule: The schedule of time when the Virtual Server Rule will be
enabled. The schedule may be set to Always, which will allow
the particular service to always be enabled. You can create your
own times in the Tools > Schedules section.
Inbound Filter: Select Allow All (most common) or a created Inbound ilter.
You may create your own inbound ilters in the Advanced >
Inbound Filter page.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Application Rules
Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet gaming, video conferencing, Internet telephony and others. These applications
have diiculties working through NAT (Network Address Translation). Special Applications makes some of these applications work with the DIR-868L.
If you need to run applications that require multiple connections, specify the port normally associated with an application in the “Trigger Port”
ield, select the protocol type as TCP or UDP, then enter the irewall (public) ports associated with the trigger port to open them for inbound traic.
Name: Enter a name for the rule. You may select a pre-deined
application from the drop-down menu and click.
Trigger: This is the port used to trigger the application. It
can be either a single port or a range of ports.
Traic Type: Select the protocol of the trigger port (TCP, UDP, or Both).
Firewall: This is the port number on the Internet side that
will be used to access the application. You may
deine a single port or a range of ports. You can use
a comma to add multiple ports or port ranges.
Traic Type: Select the protocol of the irewall port (TCP, UDP, or Both).
Schedule: The schedule of time when the Application Rule will be
enabled. The schedule may be set to Always, which will
allow the particular service to always be enabled. You can
create your own times in the Tools > Schedules section.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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QoS Engine
The QoS Engine option helps improve your network gaming performance by prioritizing applications. By default the QoS Engine settings are
disabled and application priority is not classiied automatically.
Enable QoS This option is disabled by default. Enable this option for better
Engine: performance and experience with online games and other
interactive applications, such as VoIP.
Uplink Speed: Using the drop-down menu, select the uplink speed of your
Internet connection. ISPs often state speed as a download/
upload pair (eg: 1.5 Mbps/284 Kbps). Using this example, you
would enter 284.
Downlink Speed: Using the drop-down menu, select the downlink speed of your
Internet connection.
Queue Type: Select the queueing method that you wish to use for the QoS
engine. If you select Strict Priority Queue, the QoS engine
will use preset priorities for each of the Queue IDs listed in the
Classiication Rules section below. If you select Weighted Fair
Queue, you can assign a percentage of the total weighting to
be assigned to each of the Queue IDs used in the Classiication
Rules section below.
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Classiication A QoS Engine Rule identifies a specific message flow and
Rules: assigns a priority to that low. For most applications, automatic
classiication will be adequate, and speciic QoS Engine Rules
will not be required.
The QoS Engine supports overlaps between rules, where more
than one rule can match for a speciic message low. If more than
one rule is found to match, the rule with the highest priority will
be used.
Name: Create a name for the rule that is meaningful to you.
Queue ID: Select a desired priority level for the rule from the dropdown menu. This priority level will be used to determine the
importance of this rule according to the priority rule selected
in the QoS Setup above.
Protocol: The protocol used by the application.
Local IP Range: The rule applies to a low of messages whose LAN-side IP address
falls within the range set here.
Application Port: Select the application port for this rule from the drop-down
menu.
Remote IP Range: The rule applies to a low of messages whose WAN-side IP address
falls within the range set here.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Network Filters
Use MAC (Media Access Control) Filters to allow or deny LAN (Local Area Network) computers by their MAC addresses from
accessing the network. You can either manually add a MAC address or select the MAC address from the list of clients that are
currently connected to the Broadband Router.
Conigure MAC Select Turn MAC Filtering Of, Allow MAC addresses listed
Filtering: below, or Deny MAC addresses listed below from the dropdown menu.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address you would like to ilter.
To ind the MAC address on a computer, please refer to the
Networking Basics section in this manual.
DHCP Client List: Select a DHCP client from the drop-down menu and click << to
copy that MAC Address.
Schedule: Select a schedule for the MAC iltering rule. Click New Schedule
to create a new schedule.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Access Control
The Access Control section allows you to control access in and out of your network. Use this feature as Parental Controls to
only grant access to approved sites, limit web access based on time or dates, and/or block access from applications like P2P
utilities or games.
Add Policy: Click the Add Policy button to start the Access Control Wizard.
Access Control Wizard
Click Next to continue with the wizard.
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Enter a name for the policy and then click Next to continue.
Select a schedule (I.E. Always) from the drop-down menu and
then click Next to continue.
Enter the following information and then click Next to continue.
• Address Type - Select IP address, MAC address, or Other
Machines.
• IP Address - Enter the IP address of the computer you want to
apply the rule to.
• Machine Address - Enter the PC MAC address (i.e. 00:00.00.00.00).
Select the iltering method and then click Next to continue.
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Enter the rule:
Enable - Check to enable the rule.
Name - Enter a name for your rule.
Dest IP Start - Enter the starting IP address.
Dest IP End - Enter the ending IP address.
Protocol - Select the protocol.
Dest Port Start - Enter the starting port number.
Dest Port End - Enter the ending port number.
To enable web logging, click Enable.
Click Save to save the access control rule.
Your newly created policy will now show up under Policy Table.
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Website Filters
Website Filters are used to allow you to set up a list of Web sites that can be viewed by multiple users through the network.
To use this feature select to Allow or Deny, enter the domain or website and click Save Settings. You must also select Apply
Web Filter under the Access Control section.
Conigure Website Select either DENY computers access to ONLY these sites
Filter: or ALLOW computers access to ONLY these sites.
Website URL/ Enter the keywords or URLs that you want to allow or block.
Domain: Click Save Settings.
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Inbound Filter
The Inbound Filter option is an advanced method of controlling data received from the Internet. With this feature you can
conigure inbound data iltering rules that control data based on an IP address range. Inbound Filters can be used with Virtual
Server, Port Forwarding, or Remote Administration features.
Name: Enter a name for the inbound ilter rule.
Action: Select Allow or Deny.
Enable: Check to enable rule.
Remote IP Start: Enter the starting IP address. Enter 0.0.0.0 if you do not want
to specify an IP range.
Remote IP End: Enter the ending IP address. Enter 255.255.255.255 if you do
not want to specify and IP range.
Add: Click the Add button to apply your settings. You must click
Save Settings at the top to save the settings.
Inbound Filter This section will list any rules that are created. You may click
Rules List: the Edit icon to change the settings or enable/disable the rule,
or click the Delete icon to remove the rule.
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Firewall Settings
A irewall protects your network from the outside world. The DIR-868L ofers a irewall type functionality. The SPI feature helps
prevent cyber attacks. Sometimes you may want a computer exposed to the outside world for certain types of applications.
If you choose to expose a computer, you can enable DMZ. DMZ is short for Demilitarized Zone. This option will expose the
chosen computer completely to the outside world.
Enable SPI: SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection, also known as dynamic packet
iltering) helps to prevent cyber attacks by tracking more state
per session. It validates that the traic passing through the
session conforms to the protocol.
Anti-Spoof Check: Enable this feature to protect your network from certain kinds
of “spooing” attacks.
Enable DMZ: If an application has trouble working from behind the router,
you can expose one computer to the Internet and run the
application on that computer.
Note: Placing a computer in the DMZ may expose that computer
to a variety of security risks. Use of this option is only recommended
as a last resort.
DMZ IP Address: Specify the IP address of the computer on the LAN that you
want to have unrestricted Internet communication. If this
computer obtains it’s IP address automatically using DHCP,
be sure to make a static reservation on the Setup > Network
Settings page so that the IP address of the DMZ machine
does not change.
PPTP: Allows multiple machines on the LAN to connect to their
corporate network using PPTP protocol.
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IPSEC (VPN): Allows multiple VPN clients to connect to their corporate network using IPSec. Some VPN clients support traversal of IPSec through
NAT. This ALG may interfere with the operation of such VPN clients. If you are having trouble connecting with your corporate network,
try turning this ALG of. Please check with the system administrator of your corporate network whether your VPN client supports
NAT traversal.
RTSP: Allows applications that uses Real Time Streaming Protocol to receive streaming media from the Internet. QuickTime and Real Player
are some of the common applications using this protocol.
SIP: Allows devices and applications using VoIP (Voice over IP) to communicate across NAT. Some VoIP applications and devices have
the ability to discover NAT devices and work around them. This ALG may interfere with the operation of such devices. If you are
having trouble making VoIP calls, try turning this ALG of.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Routing
The Routing option is an advanced method of customizing speciic routes of data through your network.
Checkbox: Check the box to enable the routing rule.
Name: Enter a name for your route.
Destination IP: Enter the IP address of packets that will take this route.
Netmask: Enter the netmask of the route, please note that the octets
must match your destination IP address.
Gateway: Enter your next hop gateway to be taken if this route is used.
Metric: The route metric is a value from 1 to 16 that indicates the
cost of using this route. A value 1 is the lowest cost and 15
is the highest cost.
Interface: Select the interface that the IP packet must use to transit out
of the router when this route is used.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Advanced Wireless
This page allows you to change some of the advanced wireless settings of the DIR-868L. It is recommended that you only change these settings if
you are familiar with their functions and proper settings, or are instructed to do so.
Wireless Band: This will display which radio band the following
settings will be used for. This top box will
be the settings for the 2.4 GHz band.
Transmit Power: Set the transmit power of the antennas
for the 2.4 GHz band.
WLAN Partition: This enables 802.11d operation. 802.11d is a wireless
speciication developed to allow implementation
of wireless networks in countries that cannot use
the 802.11 standard. This feature should only be
enabled if you are in a country that requires it.
WMM Enable: WMM is QoS for your wireless network. This
will improve the quality of video and voice
applications for your wireless clients.
HT20/40 Enable this option to reduce interference from other
Coexistence: wireless networks in your area. If the channel width
is operating at 40 MHz and there is another wireless
network’s channel over-lapping and causing interference,
the router will automatically change to 20 MHz.
Wireless Band: This will display which radio band settings will be used. This top box will be the settings for the 5 GHz band.
Transmit Power: Set the transmit power of the antennas for the 5 GHz band.
WLAN Partition: This enables 802.11d operation. 802.11d is a wireless speciication developed to allow implementation of wireless networks
in countries that cannot use the 802.11 standard. This feature should only be enabled if you are in a country that requires it.
WMM Enable: WMM is QoS for your wireless network. This will improve the quality of video and voice applications for your wireless clients.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Wi-Fi Protected Setup
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) System is a simpliied method for securing your wireless network during the “Initial setup” as well as the “Add New
Device” processes. The Wi-Fi Alliance (WFA) has certiied it across diferent products as well as manufacturers. The process is just as easy as pressing
a button for the Push-Button Method or correctly entering the 8-digit code for the PIN Code Method. The time reduction in setup and ease of use
are quite beneicial, and the highest wireless security setting of WPA2 is automatically used.
Enable: Enable the Wi-Fi Protected Setup feature.
Note: if this option is unchecked, the WPS button
on the side of the router will be disabled.
Lock WPS-PIN Check to disable the option of
Setup: coniguring the WPS PIN options.
PIN Settings: A PIN is a unique number that can be used to
add the router to an existing network or to
create a new network. Only the Administrator
(“admin” account) can change or reset the PIN.
Current PIN: Shows the current PIN.
Generate New Create a random number that is a valid PIN. This
PIN: becomes the router’s PIN. You can then copy this
PIN to the user interface of the wireless client.
Reset PIN to Restore the default PIN of the router.
Default:
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Add Wireless This Wizard helps you add wireless devices to the wireless network.
Station:
The wizard will either display the wireless network settings to guide you through manual coniguration, prompt you to enter the
PIN for the device, or ask you to press the coniguration button on the device. If the device supports Wi-Fi Protected Setup and has a
coniguration button, you can add it to the network by pressing the coniguration button on the device and then the on the router
within 60 seconds. The status LED on the router will lash three times if the device has been successfully added to the network.
There are several ways to add a wireless device to your network. A “registrar” controls access to the wireless network. A registrar
only allows devices onto the wireless network if you have entered the PIN, or pressed a special Wi-Fi Protected Setup button on the
device. The router acts as a registrar for the network, although other devices may act as a registrar as well.
Click to start the wizard and turn to page 41.
WPS Button
You can also simply press the WPS button on the side of the router, and then press the
WPS button on your wireless client within 120 seconds to automatically connect without
logging into the router.
Refer to page 115 for more information.
WPS Button
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Advanced Network
This page allows you to change some of the advanced network settings of the DIR-868L. It is recommended that you only change these settings if
you are familiar with their functions and proper settings, or are instructed to do so.
Enable UPnP: To use the Universal Plug and Play (UPnP™) feature click on
Enabled. UPnP provides compatibility with networking
equipment, software and peripherals.
WAN Ping: Checking the box will allow the DIR-868L to respond
to pings. Unchecking the box may provide some extra
security from hackers.
WAN Ping Inbound Select from the drop-down menu if you would like to apply
Filter: the Inbound Filter to the WAN ping. Refer to the Inbound
Filters section for more information.
WAN Port Speed: You may set the port speed of the Internet port to 10 Mbps,
100 Mbps, 1000 Mbps, or Auto (recommended).
Enable IPV4 Check the box to allow multicast traic to pass through
Multicast Streams: the router from the Internet (IPv4).
Enable IPV6 Check the box to allow multicast traic to pass through
Multicast Streams: the router from the Internet (IPv6).
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Guest Zone
The Guest Zone feature will allow you to create temporary zones that can be used by guests to access the Internet. These zones will be separate
from your main wireless network. You may conigure diferent zones for the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz wireless bands.
Enable Routing Check to allow network connectivity between the diferent
Between Zones: zones created.
Enable Guest Zone: Check to enable the Guest Zone feature for the 2.4 GHz band.
Schedule: The schedule of time when the Guest Zone will be active. The
schedule may be set to Always, which will allow the particular
service to always be enabled. You can create your own times
in the Tools > Schedules section or click Add New.
Wireless Network Enter a wireless network name (SSID) that is diferent from
Name: your main wireless network.
Security Mode: If you want to choose a security mode for the 2.4 GHz band,
choose from the drop-down menu.
Enable Guest Zone: Check to enable the Guest Zone feature for the 5 GHz band.
Schedule: The schedule of time when the Guest Zone will be active. The
schedule may be set to Always, which will allow the particular
service to always be enabled. You can create your own times
in the Tools > Schedules section or click Add New.
Wireless Network Enter a wireless network name (SSID) that is diferent from your main wireless network.
Name:
Security Mode: If you want to choose a security mode for the 5 GHz band, choose from the drop-down menu.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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IPv6 Firewall
The DIR-868L’s IPv6 Firewall feature allows you to conigure which kind of IPv6 traic is allowed to pass through the device. The DIR-868L’s IPv6
Firewall functions in a similar way to the IP Filters feature.
Enable IPv6 Simple Check the box to enable the IPv6 irewall simple security.
Security:
Conigure IPv6 Select an action from the drop-down menu.
Firewall:
Name: Enter a name to identify the IPv6 irewall rule.
Schedule: Use the drop-down menu to select the time schedule that the
IPv6 Firewall Rule will be enabled on. The schedule may be set
to Always, which will allow the particular service to always
be enabled. You can create your own times in the Tools >
Schedules section.
Source: Use the Source drop-down menu to specify the interface that
connects to the source IPv6 addresses of the irewall rule.
IP Address Range: Enter the source IPv6 address range in the adjacent IP Address
Range ield.
Destination: Use the Destination drop-down menu to specify the interface
that connects to the destination IP addresses of the irewall rule.
Protocol: Select the protocol of the irewall port (All, TCP, UDP, or ICMP).
Port Range: Enter the irst port of the range that will be used for the irewall
rule in the irst box and enter the last port in the ield in the
second box.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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IPv6 Routing
This page allows you to specify custom routes that determine how data is moved around your network.
Route List: Check the box next to the route you wish to enable.
Name: Enter a speciic name to identify this route.
Destination IP/ This is the IP address of the router used to reach the speciied
Preix Length: destination or enter the IPv6 address preix length of the packets
that will take this route.
Metric: Enter the metric value for this rule here.
Interface: Use the drop-down menu to specify if the IP packet must use
the WAN or LAN interface to transit out of the router.
Gateway: Enter the next hop that will be taken if this route is used.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Tools
Admin
This page will allow you to change the Administrator and User passwords. You can also enable Remote Management. There are two accounts that
can access the management interface through the web browser. The accounts are admin and user. Admin has read/write access while user has
read-only access. User can only view the settings but cannot make any changes. Only the admin account has the ability to change both admin and
user account passwords.
Admin Here you can enter a new password for the Administrator Login
Password: Name. The administrator can make changes to the settings.
Password: Enter the new password for the User login. If you login as the
User, you cannot change the settings (you can only view them).
Then enter the password again for veriication.
Gateway Name: Enter a name for your router.
Enable Graphical Enables a challenge-response test to require users to type letters
Authentication: or numbers from a distorted image displayed on the screen to
prevent online hackers and unauthorized users from gaining
access to your router’s network settings.
Enable HTTPS Check to enable HTTPS to connect to the router securely. This
Server: means to connect to the router, you must enter https://192.168.0.1
(for example) instead of http://192.168.0.1.
Enable Remote Remote management allows the DIR-868L to be conigured
Management: from the Internet by a web browser. A username/password is still
required to access the Web Management interface.
Remote Admin The port number used to access the DIR-868L is used in the URL. Example: http://x.x.x.x:8080 whereas x.x.x.x is the Internet IP address of
Port: the DIR-868L and 8080 is the port used for the Web Management interface. If you have enabled HTTPS Server, you must enter https://
as part of the URL to access the router remotely.
Remote Admin This section will list any rules that are created. You may click the Edit icon to change the settings or enable/disable the rule, or click the
Inbound Filter: Delete icon to remove the rule. Details will display the current status of the rule.
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Time
The Time Coniguration option allows you to conigure, update, and maintain the correct time on the internal system clock.
From this section you can set the time zone that you are in and set the Time Server. Daylight Saving can also be conigured to
automatically adjust the time when needed.
Time: Displays the current date and time of the router.
Time Zone: Select your Time Zone from the drop-down menu.
Enable Daylight To select Daylight Saving time manually, select enabled or
Saving: disabled, and enter a start date and an end date for daylight
saving time.
Enable NTP Server: NTP is short for Network Time Protocol. A NTP server will synch
the time and date with your router. This will only connect to
a server on the Internet, not a local server. Check the box to
enable this feature.
NTP Server Used: Enter the IP address of a NTP server or select one from the
drop-down menu.
Manually: To manually input the time, enter the values in these ields
for the Year, Month, Day, Hour, Minute, and Second and then
click Set Time.
You can also click Sync Your Computer’s Time Settings to
synch the date and time with the computer you are currently
on.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
SysLog
The Broadband Router keeps a running log of events and activities occurring on the Router. You may send these logs to a
SysLog server on your network.
Enable Logging to Check this box to send the router logs to a SysLog Server.
SysLog Server:
Syslog Server IP Enter the IP address for the Syslog server. If the Syslog server
Address: is connected to the router, select it from the drop-down menu
to automatically populate the ield.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration.
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Email Settings
The Email feature can be used to send the system log iles, router alert messages, and irmware update notiication to your
email address.
Enable Email When this option is enabled, router activity logs are emailed
Notiication: to a designated email address.
From Email This email address will appear as the sender when you receive
Address: a log ile or irmware upgrade notiication via email.
To Email Address: Enter the email address where you want the email sent.
SMTP Server Enter the SMTP server address for sending email.
Address:
SMTP Server Port: Enter the SMTP port used on the server.
Enable
Authentication: Check this box if your SMTP server requires authentication.
Account Name: Enter your account for sending email.
Password: Enter the password associated with the account. Re-type the
password associated with the account.
On Log Full: When this option is selected, logs will be sent via email to your
account when the log is full.
On Schedule: Selecting this option will send the logs via email according to schedule.
Schedule: This option is enabled when On Schedule is selected. You can select a schedule from the list of deined schedules.
To create a schedule, go to Tools > Schedules.
Details: Here you can choose from a drop down menu whether email details are kept in the log or not.
Click Save Settings to save the current coniguration
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System
This section allows you to manage the router’s coniguration settings, reboot the router, and restore the router to the factory
default settings. Restoring the unit to the factory default settings will erase all settings, including any rules that you’ve created.
Save Settings to Use this option to save the current router coniguration settings
Local Hard Drive: to a ile on the hard disk of the computer you are using. First, click
the Save Coniguration button. A ile dialog will appear, allowing
you to select a location and ile name for the settings.
Load Settings Use this option to load previously saved router coniguration
from Local Hard settings. First, use the Browse option to ind a previously saved ile
Drive: of coniguration settings. Then, click the Load button to transfer
those settings to the router.
Restore to This option will restore all coniguration settings back to the
Factory Default settings that were in efect at the time the router was shipped
Settings: from the factory. Any settings that have not been saved will be lost,
including any rules that you have created. If you want to save the
current router coniguration settings, use the Save button above.
Reboot Device: Click to reboot the router.
Clear Language Click to clear any currently installed language packs and reset to
Pack: the default language.
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Firmware
You can upgrade the irmware of the access point here. Make sure the irmware you want to use is on the local hard drive of the computer. Click on
Choose File to locate the irmware ile to be used for the update. Please check the D-Link support website for irmware updates at http://support.
dlink.com. You can download irmware upgrades to your hard drive from this site.
Check Now: Click Check Now to check for new irmware and
language pack versions online.
Firmware Upgrade
You can change update the internal router software by
uploading a new irmware version.
Choose File: After you have downloaded the new irmware, click
Choose File to locate the irmware update on your
hard drive.
Upload: Click Upload to complete the irmware upgrade.
Language Pack
You can change the language of the web UI by uploading
available language packs.
Choose File: After you have downloaded the new language pack,
click Choose File to locate the language pack ile on
your hard drive.
Upload: Click Upload to complete the language pack upgrade.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Dynamic DNS
The DDNS feature allows you to host a server (Web, FTP, Game Server, etc…) using a domain name that you have purchased (www.yourname.com)
with your dynamically assigned IP address. Most broadband Internet Service Providers assign dynamic (changing) IP addresses. Using a DDNS
service provider, your friends can enter in your domain name to connect to your server no matter what your IP address is.
Enable Dynamic Dynamic Domain Name System is a method of keeping a
DNS: domain name linked to a changing IP Address. Check the box
to enable DDNS.
Server Address: Select your DDNS provider from the drop-down menu or enter
the DDNS server address.
Host Name: Enter the Host Name that you registered with your DDNS
service provider.
Username or Enter the Username or key for your DDNS account.
Key:
Password or Key: Enter the Password or key for your DDNS account.
Timeout: Enter a timeout time (in hours).
Status: Displays the current connection status.
Enable DDNS for Check the Enable box to enable DDNS for IPv6 Hosts.
IPv6 Hosts
IPv6 Address: Select your DDNS provider from the drop-down menu or enter
the DDNS server address.
Host Name: Enter the Host Name that you registered with your DDNS service provider.
IPv6 DDNS List: Displays the list of active IPv6 Dynamic DNS addresses.
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System Check
Ping Test: The Ping Test is used to send Ping packets to test if a
computer is on the Internet. Enter the IP address that you
wish to Ping and click Ping.
IPv6 Ping Test: Enter the IPv6 address that you wish to Ping and click Ping.
Ping Results: The results of your ping attempts will be displayed here.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Schedules
Schedules can be created for use with enforcing rules. For example, if you want to restrict web access to Mon-Fri from 3pm to
8pm, you could create a schedule selecting Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, and Fri and enter a Start Time of 3pm and End Time of 8pm.
Name: Enter a name for your new schedule.
Days: Select a day, a range of days, or All Week to include every day.
All Day - 24 Hrs: Check All Day - 24hrs to schedule the entire day.
Time Format: Choose a 24 hour or 12 hour clock-style.
Start Time: Enter a start time for your schedule.
End Time: Enter an end time for your schedule.
Schedule Rules The list of schedules will be listed here. Click the Edit icon to
List: make changes or click the Delete icon to remove the schedule.
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Status
Device Info
This page displays the current information for the DIR-868L. It will display the LAN, WAN (Internet), and Wireless information. If your Internet connection
is set up for a Dynamic IP address then a Release button and a Renew button will be displayed. Use Release to disconnect from your ISP and use
Renew to connect to your ISP. If your Internet connection is set up for PPPoE, a Connect button and a Disconnect button will be displayed. Use
Disconnect to drop the PPPoE connection and use Connect to establish the PPPoE connection.
General: Displays the router’s time and irmware version.
WAN: Displays the MAC address and the public IP settings
LAN: Displays the MAC address and the private (local) IP settings for the router.
Wireless LAN1: Displays the 2.4 GHz wireless MAC address and your wireless settings such as
SSID and Channel.
Wireless LAN2: Displays the 5 GHz wireless MAC address and your wireless settings such as
SSID and Channel.
LAN Computers: Displays computers and devices that are connected to the router via Ethernet
and that are receiving an IP address assigned by the router (DHCP).
IGMP Multicast Displays the group address of any IGMP multicasts.
Memberships:
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Logs
The router automatically logs (records) events of possible interest in it’s internal memory. If there isn’t enough internal memory for all events, logs
of older events are deleted but logs of the latest events are retained. The Logs option allows you to view the router logs. You can deine what types
of events you want to view and the level of the events to view. This router also has external Syslog Server support so you can send the log iles to
a computer on your network that is running a Syslog utility.
Log Options: You can select the types of messages that you want to display
from the log. System Activity, Debug Information, Attacks,
Dropped Packets, and Notice messages can be selected. Click
Apply Log Settings Now to activate your settings.
Refresh: Updates the log details on the screen so it displays any recent
activity.
First Page: Click to go to the irst page.
Last Page: Click to go to the last page.
Previous: Click to go back one page.
Next: Click to go to the next page.
Clear: Clears all of the log contents.
Email Now: This option will send a copy of the router log to your email
address conigured in the Tools > Email Settings screen.
Save Log: This option will save the router log to a ile on your computer.
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Section 3 - Coniguration
Statistics
The screen below displays the Traic Statistics. Here you can view the amount of packets that pass through the DIR-868L on both the WAN, LAN ports
and the wireless segments. The traic counter will reset if the device is rebooted.
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Internet Sessions
The Internet Sessions page displays full details of active Internet sessions through your router. An Internet session is a conversation between a
program or application on a LAN-side computer and a program or application on a WAN-side computer.
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Routing
This page will display your current routing table.
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Wireless
The wireless client table displays a list of current connected wireless clients. This table also displays the connection time and MAC address of the
connected wireless clients.
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IPv6
The IPv6 page displays a summary of the Router’s IPv6 settings and lists the IPv6 address and host name of any IPv6 clients.
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IPv6 Routing
This page displays the IPV6 routing details conigured for your router.
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Support
The Support pages let you jump to descriptions of the settings and their functions.
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Section 4 - Security
Connect a Wireless Client to your Router
WPS Button
The easiest and most secure way to connect your wireless devices to the router is WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup). Most wireless
devices such as wireless adapters, media players, Blu-ray DVD players, wireless printers and cameras will have a WPS button
(or a software utility with WPS) that you can press to connect to the DIR-868L router. Please refer to your user manual for the
wireless device you want to connect to make sure you understand how to enable WPS. Once you know, follow the steps below:
Step 1 - Press the WPS button on the DIR-868L for about 1 second. The Internet LED on the front will start to blink.
WPS Button
Step 2 - Within 2 minutes, press the WPS button on your wireless client (or launch the software utility and start the WPS
process).
Step 3 - Allow up to 1 minute while your connection is conigured. Once the Internet light stops blinking, you will be connected
and your wireless connection will be secure with WPA2.
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Section 4 - Security
Windows® 7
WPA/WPA2
It is recommended to enable wireless security (WPA/WPA2) on your wireless router or access point before coniguring your
wireless adapter. If you are joining an existing network, you will need to know the security key or passphrase being used.
1. Click on the wireless icon in your system tray (lower-right corner).
Wireless Icon
2. The utility will display any available wireless networks in your area.
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3. Highlight the wireless connection with Wi-Fi name (SSID) you would
like to connect to and click the Connect button.
If you get a good signal but cannot access the Internet, check your
TCP/IP settings for your wireless adapter. Refer to the Networking
Basics section in this manual for more information.
4. The following window appears while your computer tries to
connect to the router.
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5. Enter the same security key or passphrase (Wi-Fi password) that is
on your router and click Connect. You can also connect by pushing
the WPS button on the router.
It may take 20-30 seconds to connect to the wireless network. If the
connection fails, please verify that the security settings are correct. The
key or passphrase must be exactly the same as on the wireless router.
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Section 4 - Security
WPS
The WPS feature of the DIR-868L can be conigured using Windows® 7. Carry out the following steps to use Windows® 7 to
conigure the WPS feature:
1. Click the Start button and select Computer from the Start menu.
2. Click Network on the left side.
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3. Double-click the DIR-868L.
4. Input the WPS PIN number (on the router label) in the Setup >
Wireless Setup menu in the Router’s Web UI) and click Next.
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Section 4 - Security
5. Type a name to identify the network.
6. To conigure advanced settings, click the
icon.
Click Next to continue.
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7. The following window appears while the Router is being
conigured.
Wait for the coniguration to complete.
8. The following window informs you that WPS on the router has
been setup successfully.
Make a note of the security key as you may need to provide this
security key if adding an older wireless device to the network in
the future.
9. Click Close to complete WPS setup.
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Section 5 - Connecting to a Wireless Network
Windows Vista®
Windows Vista® users may use the built-in wireless utility. If you are using another company’s utility, please refer to the user
manual of your wireless adapter for help with connecting to a wireless network. Most utilities will have a “site survey” option
similar to the Windows Vista® utility as seen below.
If you receive the Wireless Networks Detected bubble, click on the
center of the bubble to access the utility.
or
Right-click on the wireless computer icon in your system tray (lower-right
corner next to the time). Select Connect to a network.
The utility will display any available wireless networks in your area. Click
on a network (displayed using the SSID) and click the Connect button.
If you get a good signal but cannot access the Internet, check you TCP/
IP settings for your wireless adapter. Refer to the Networking Basics
section in this manual for more information.
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Section 5 - Connecting to a Wireless Network
WPA/WPA2
It is recommended to enable wireless security (WPA/WPA2) on your wireless router or access point before coniguring your
wireless adapter. If you are joining an existing network, you will need to know the security key or passphrase being used.
1. Open the Windows Vista® Wireless Utility by right-clicking on the
wireless computer icon in your system tray (lower right corner of
screen). Select Connect to a network.
2. Highlight the Wi-Fi name (SSID) you would like to connect to and
click Connect.
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Section 5 - Connecting to a Wireless Network
3. Enter the same security key or passphrase (Wi-Fi password) that is on
your router and click Connect.
It may take 20-30 seconds to connect to the wireless network. If the
connection fails, please verify that the security settings are correct. The
key or passphrase must be exactly the same as on the wireless router.
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Section 5 - Connecting to a Wireless Network
WPS/WCN 2.0
The router supports Wi-Fi protection, referred to as WCN 2.0 in Windows Vista®. The following instructions for setting this up
depends on whether you are using Windows Vista® to conigure the router or third party software.
When you irst set up the router, Wi-Fi protection is disabled and unconigured. To enjoy the beneits of Wi-Fi protection, the
router must be both enabled and conigured. There are three basic methods to accomplish this: use Windows Vista’s built-in
support for WCN 2.0, use software provided by a third party, or manually conigure.
If you are running Windows Vista®, log into the router and click the Enable checkbox in the Basic > Wireless section. Use the
Current PIN that is displayed on the Advanced > Wi-Fi Protected Setup section or choose to click the Generate New PIN
button or Reset PIN to Default button.
If you are using third party software to set up Wi-Fi Protection, carefully follow the directions. When you are inished, proceed
to the next section to set up the newly-conigured router.
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Section 5 - Connecting to a Wireless Network
Windows® XP
Windows® XP users may use the built-in wireless utility (Zero Coniguration Utility). The following instructions are for Service
Pack 2 users. If you are using another company’s utility, please refer to the user manual of your wireless adapter for help with
connecting to a wireless network. Most utilities will have a “site survey” option similar to the Windows® XP utility as seen below.
If you receive the Wireless Networks Detected bubble, click on the
center of the bubble to access the utility.
or
Right-click on the wireless computer icon in your system tray (lower-right
corner next to the time). Select View Available Wireless Networks.
The utility will display any available wireless networks in your area. Click
on a Wi-Fi network (displayed using the SSID) and click the Connect
button.
If you get a good signal but cannot access the Internet, check you TCP/
IP settings for your wireless adapter. Refer to the Networking Basics
section in this manual for more information.
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Section 5 - Connecting to a Wireless Network
WPA/WPA2
It is recommended to enable WPA on your wireless router or access point before coniguring your wireless adapter. If you are
joining an existing network, you will need to know the WPA key being used.
1. Open the Windows® XP Wireless Utility by right-clicking on the
wireless computer icon in your system tray (lower-right corner
of screen). Select View Available Wireless Networks.
2. Highlight the Wi-Fi network (SSID) you would like to connect
to and click Connect.
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3. The Wireless Network Connection box will appear. Enter the WPA-PSK
Wi-Fi password and click Connect.
It may take 20-30 seconds to connect to the wireless network. If the
connection fails, please verify that the WPA-PSK settings are correct. The
Wi-Fi password must be exactly the same as on the wireless router.
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Section 6 - Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides solutions to problems that can occur during the installation and operation of the DIR-868L. Read the
following descriptions if you are having problems. The examples below are illustrated in Windows® XP. If you have a diferent
operating system, the screenshots on your computer will look similar to the following examples.
1. Why can’t I access the web-based coniguration utility?
When entering the IP address of the D-Link router (192.168.0.1 for example), you are not connecting to a website nor do you
have to be connected to the Internet. The device has the utility built-in to a ROM chip in the device itself. Your computer must
be on the same IP subnet to connect to the web-based utility.
• Make sure you have an updated Java-enabled web browser. We recommend the following:
-
Microsoft Internet Explorer® 7 and higher
Mozilla Firefox 3.5 and higher
Google™ Chrome 8 and higher
Apple Safari 4 and higher
• Verify physical connectivity by checking for solid link lights on the device. If you do not get a solid link light, try using a
diferent cable or connect to a diferent port on the device if possible. If the computer is turned of, the link light may not be
on.
• Disable any Internet security software running on the computer. Software irewalls such as Zone Alarm, Black Ice, Sygate,
Norton Personal Firewall, and Windows® XP irewall may block access to the coniguration pages. Check the help iles included
with your irewall software for more information on disabling or coniguring it.
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Section 6 - Troubleshooting
• Conigure your Internet settings:
• Go to Start > Settings > Control Panel. Double-click the Internet Options Icon. From the Security tab, click
the button to restore the settings to their defaults.
• Click the Connection tab and set the dial-up option to Never Dial a Connection. Click the LAN Settings button.
Make sure nothing is checked. Click OK.
• Go to the Advanced tab and click the button to restore these settings to their defaults. Click OK three times.
• Close your web browser (if open) and open it.
• Access the web management. Open your web browser and enter the IP address of your D-Link router in the address bar. This
should open the login page for your web management.
• If you still cannot access the coniguration, unplug the power to the router for 10 seconds and plug back in. Wait about 30
seconds and try accessing the coniguration. If you have multiple computers, try connecting using a diferent computer.
2. What can I do if I forgot my password?
If you forgot your password, you must reset your router. Unfortunately this process will change all your settings back to the
factory defaults.
To reset the router, locate the reset button (hole) on the rear panel of the unit. With the router powered on, use a paperclip
to hold the button down for 10 seconds. Release the button and the router will go through its reboot process. Wait about 30
seconds to access the router. The default IP address is 192.168.0.1. When logging in, the username is admin and leave the
password box empty.
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3. Why can’t I connect to certain sites or send and receive emails when connecting through my router?
If you are having a problem sending or receiving email, or connecting to secure sites such as eBay, banking sites, and Hotmail,
we suggest lowering the MTU in increments of ten (Ex. 1492, 1482, 1472, etc).
To ind the proper MTU Size, you’ll have to do a special ping of the destination you’re trying to go to. A destination could be
another computer, or a URL.
• Click on Start and then click Run.
• Windows® 95, 98, and Me users type in command (Windows® NT, 2000, XP, Vista®, and 7 users type in cmd) and
press Enter (or click OK).
• Once the window opens, you’ll need to do a special ping. Use the following syntax:
ping [url] [-f] [-l] [MTU value]
Example: ping yahoo.com -f -l 1472
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You should start at 1472 and work your way down by 10 each time. Once you get a reply, go up by 2 until you get a fragmented
packet. Take that value and add 28 to the value to account for the various TCP/IP headers. For example, lets say that 1452 was the
proper value, the actual MTU size would be 1480, which is the optimum for the network we’re working with (1452+28=1480).
Once you ind your MTU, you can now conigure your router with the proper MTU size.
To change the MTU rate on your router follow the steps below:
• Open your browser, enter the IP address of your router (192.168.0.1) and click OK.
• Enter your username (admin) and password (blank by default). Click OK to enter the web coniguration page
for the device.
• Click on Setup and then click Manual Conigure.
• To change the MTU enter the number in the MTU ield and click Save Settings to save your settings.
• Test your email. If changing the MTU does not resolve the problem, continue changing the MTU in increments
of ten.
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
Wireless Basics
D-Link wireless products are based on industry standards to provide easy-to-use and compatible high-speed wireless
connectivity within your home, business or public access wireless networks. Strictly adhering to the IEEE standard, the D-Link
wireless family of products will allow you to securely access the data you want, when and where you want it. You will be able
to enjoy the freedom that wireless networking delivers.
A wireless local area network (WLAN) is a cellular computer network that transmits and receives data with radio signals instead of
wires. Wireless LANs are used increasingly in both home and oice environments, and public areas such as airports, cofee shops
and universities. Innovative ways to utilize WLAN technology are helping people to work and communicate more eiciently.
Increased mobility and the absence of cabling and other ixed infrastructure have proven to be beneicial for many users.
Wireless users can use the same applications they use on a wired network. Wireless adapter cards used on laptop and desktop
systems support the same protocols as Ethernet adapter cards.
Under many circumstances, it may be desirable for mobile network devices to link to a conventional Ethernet LAN in order to
use servers, printers or an Internet connection supplied through the wired LAN. A Wireless Router is a device used to provide
this link.
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
What is Wireless?
Wireless or Wi-Fi technology is another way of connecting your computer to the network without using wires. Wi-Fi uses radio
frequency to connect wirelessly, so you have the freedom to connect computers anywhere in your home or oice network.
Why D-Link Wireless?
D-Link is the worldwide leader and award winning designer, developer, and manufacturer of networking products. D-Link
delivers the performance you need at a price you can aford. D-Link has all the products you need to build your network.
How does wireless work?
Wireless works similar to how cordless phone work, through radio signals to transmit data from one point A to point B. But
wireless technology has restrictions as to how you can access the network. You must be within the wireless network range area
to be able to connect your computer. There are two diferent types of wireless networks Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN),
and Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN).
Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)
In a wireless local area network, a device called an Access Point (AP) connects computers to the network. The access point has
a small antenna attached to it, which allows it to transmit data back and forth over radio signals. With an indoor access point
as seen in the picture, the signal can travel up to 300 feet. With an outdoor access point the signal can reach out up to 30 miles
to serve places like manufacturing plants, industrial locations, college and high school campuses, airports, golf courses, and
many other outdoor venues.
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN)
Bluetooth is the industry standard wireless technology used for WPAN. Bluetooth devices in WPAN operate in a range up to
30 feet away.
Compared to WLAN the speed and wireless operation range are both less than WLAN, but in return it doesn’t use nearly as
much power which makes it ideal for personal devices, such as mobile phones, PDAs, headphones, laptops, speakers, and other
devices that operate on batteries.
Who uses wireless?
Wireless technology as become so popular in recent years that almost everyone is using it, whether it’s for home, oice, business,
D-Link has a wireless solution for it.
Home
• Gives everyone at home broadband access
• Surf the web, check email, instant message, etc.
• Gets rid of the cables around the house
• Simple and easy to use
Small Oice and Home Oice
• Stay on top of everything at home as you would at oice
• Remotely access your oice network from home
• Share Internet connection and printer with multiple computers
• No need to dedicate oice space
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
Where is wireless used?
Wireless technology is expanding everywhere not just at home or oice. People like the freedom of mobility and it’s becoming
so popular that more and more public facilities now provide wireless access to attract people. The wireless connection in public
places is usually called “hotspots”.
Using a D-Link Cardbus Adapter with your laptop, you can access the hotspot to connect to Internet from remote locations
like: Airports, Hotels, Cofee Shops, Libraries, Restaurants, and Convention Centers.
Wireless network is easy to setup, but if you’re installing it for the irst time it could be quite a task not knowing where to start.
That’s why we’ve put together a few setup steps and tips to help you through the process of setting up a wireless network.
Tips
Here are a few things to keep in mind, when you install a wireless network.
Centralize your router or Access Point
Make sure you place the router/access point in a centralized location within your network for the best performance. Try to
place the router/access point as high as possible in the room, so the signal gets dispersed throughout your home. If you have
a two-story home, you may need a repeater to boost the signal to extend the range.
Eliminate Interference
Place home appliances such as cordless telephones, microwaves, and televisions as far away as possible from the router/access
point. This would signiicantly reduce any interference that the appliances might cause since they operate on same frequency.
Security
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
Don’t let you next-door neighbors or intruders connect to your wireless network. Secure your wireless network by turning on
the WPA or WEP security feature on the router. Refer to product manual for detail information on how to set it up.
Wireless Modes
There are basically two modes of networking:
• Infrastructure – All wireless clients will connect to an access point or wireless router.
• Ad-Hoc – Directly connecting to another computer, for peer-to-peer communication, using wireless network
adapters on each computer, such as two or more DIR-868L wireless network Cardbus adapters.
An Infrastructure network contains an Access Point or wireless router. All the wireless devices, or clients, will connect to the
wireless router or access point.
An Ad-Hoc network contains only clients, such as laptops with wireless cardbus adapters. All the adapters must be in Ad-Hoc
mode to communicate.
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Appendix B - Networking Basics
Networking Basics
Check your IP address
After you install your new D-Link adapter, by default, the TCP/IP settings should be set to obtain an IP address from a DHCP
server (i.e. wireless router) automatically. To verify your IP address, please follow the steps below.
Click on Start > Run. In the run box type cmd and click OK. (Windows® 7/Vista® users type cmd in the Start Search box.)
At the prompt, type ipconig and press Enter.
This will display the IP address, subnet mask, and the
default gateway of your adapter.
If the address is 0.0.0.0, check your adapter installation,
security settings, and the settings on your router.
Some irewall software programs may block a DHCP
request on newly installed adapters.
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Appendix B - Networking Basics
Statically Assign an IP address
If you are not using a DHCP capable gateway/router, or you need to assign a static IP address, please follow the steps below:
Step 1
Windows® 7 Click on Start > Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network and Sharing Center.
Windows Vista® - Click on Start > Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network and Sharing Center > Manage Network
Connections.
Windows® XP Click on Start > Control Panel > Network Connections.
Windows® 2000 - From the desktop, right-click My Network Places > Properties.
Step 2
Right-click on the Local Area Connection which represents your network adapter and select Properties.
Step 3
Highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
Step 4
Click Use the following IP address and enter an IP address that is on the same subnet
as your network or the LAN IP address on your router.
Example: If the router´s LAN IP address is 192.168.0.1, make your IP address 192.168.0.X
where X is a number between 2 and 99. Make sure that the number you choose is not
in use on the network. Set the Default Gateway the same as the LAN IP address of your
router (I.E. 192.168.0.1).
Set Primary DNS the same as the LAN IP address of your router (192.168.0.1). The
Secondary DNS is not needed or you may enter a DNS server from your ISP.
Step 5
Click OK twice to save your settings.
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Appendix B - Networking Basics
Wireless Security
This section will show you the diferent levels of security you can use to protect your data from intruders. The DIR-868L ofers the
following types of security:
• WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access 2)
• WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access)
• WPA2-PSK (Pre-Shared Key)
• WPA-PSK (Pre-Shared Key)
What is WPA?
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access), is a Wi-Fi standard that was designed to improve the security features of WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy).
The 2 major improvements over WEP:
• Improved data encryption through the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP). TKIP scrambles the keys using a hashing
algorithm and, by adding an integrity-checking feature, ensures that the keys haven’t been tampered with. WPA2 is
based on 802.11i and uses Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) instead of TKIP.
• User authentication, which is generally missing in WEP, through the extensible authentication protocol (EAP). WEP
regulates access to a wireless network based on a computer’s hardware-speciic MAC address, which is relatively simple
to be snifed out and stolen. EAP is built on a more secure public-key encryption system to ensure that only authorized
network users can access the network.
WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK uses a passphrase or key to authenticate your wireless connection. The key is an alpha-numeric password between
8 and 63 characters long. The password can include symbols (!?*&_) and spaces. This key must be the exact same key entered on your
wireless router or access point.
WPA/WPA2 incorporates user authentication through the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP). EAP is built on a more secure public
key encryption system to ensure that only authorized network users can access the network.
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Appendix C - Technical Speciications
Technical Speciications
Device Interfaces
• 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac wireless LAN
• Four 10/100/1000 Gigabit LAN ports
• 10/100/1000 Gigabit WAN port
• USB 3.0 port
USB Port Power
• 5 V / 0.9 A
Antenna Types
• Six internal antennas
Humidity
• 95% maximum (non-condensing)
Standards
• IEEE 802.11ac (draft)
• IEEE 802.11n
• IEEE 802.11g
• IEEE 802.11b
• IEEE 802.11a
• IEEE 802.3
• IEEE 802.3u
Safety & Emissions
• FCC Class B
• CE Class B
• C-Tick
• DLNA
• IPv6 Ready
• Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
• Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM)
• Compatible with Windows 8
Security
• WPA™ - Personal/Enterprise
• WPA2™ - Personal/Enterprise
• Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) PIN/PBC
Operating Temperature
• 32°F to 104°F ( 0°C to 40°C)
Dimensions
• L = 102.3 mm (4.03 inches)
• W = 123.3 mm (4.85 inches)
• H = 217 mm (8.54 inches)
Power
• Input: 100 to 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz
• Output: 12 V DC, 2.5 A
1 Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE Standard 802.11a, 802.11g, and 802.11n speciications. Actual data throughput will vary. Network conditions and environmental factors, including
volume of network traic, building materials and construction, and network overhead, lower actual data throughput rate. Environmental factors will adversely afect wireless signal range.
2 Frequency Range varies depending on country’s regulation.
3 The DIR-868L does not include 5.25-5.35GHz & 5.47-5.725GHz in some regions.
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