882
SONIC MAXIMIZER
User Guide
and
Reference
Manual
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Important Safeguards ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………i
BBE Process Explained ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………1
Product Description ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2
Applications ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2
Front Panel Controls ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………3
Rear Panel Connections …………………………………………………………………………………………………………4
Specifications ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5
General Operation ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5
Application Diagrams…………………………………………………………………………………………………………6-10
Service /Warranty / Maintenance ……………………………………………………………………………………………11
Calibration Procedures …………………………………………………………………………………………………………12
Schematic Diagrams …………………………………………………………………………………………………………13-16
Congratulations on your purchase of the BBE 882 Sonic Maximizer—a balanced, two channel signal
processor that will benefit any recording or sound reproduction system. You now own a very unique
signal processing device with no equal in the audio world. Whether you purchased the BBE 882 for
your recording studio, P.A., DJ system, or instrument rack, you will find the 882's rugged construction
and careful electronic design a welcome addition to your sonic arsenal.
Thank you for your purchase, and for the trust that you've placed in BBE. We are committed to
bringing you the finest products, with useful and unique features to serve your audio needs.
The BBE Process—"What it Is"
Loudspeakers have difficulty working with the electronic signals supplied by an amplifier. These difficulties cause such
major phase and amplitude distortion that the sound reproduced by the speaker differs significantly from the sound
produced by the original source.
In the past, these problems proved unsolvable and were thus relegated to a position of secondary importance in audio
system design. However, phase and amplitude integrity is essential to accurate sound reproduction. Research shows
that the information which the listener translates into the recognizable characteristics of a live performance are
intimately tied into complex time and amplitude relationships between the fundamental and harmonic components
of a given musical note or sound. These relationships define a sound's “sound”.
When these complex relationships pass through a speaker, the proper order is lost. The higher frequencies are delayed.
A lower frequency may reach the listener's ear first or perhaps simultaneously with that of a higher frequency. In some
cases, the fundamental components may be so time-shifted that they reach the listener's ear ahead of some or all of
the harmonic components.
This change in the phase and amplitude relationship on the harmonic and fundamental frequencies is technically
called “envelope distortion.” The listener perceives this loss of sound integrity in the reproduced sound as “muddy”
and “smeared.” In the extreme, it can become difficult to tell the difference between musical instruments, for example,
an oboe and a clarinet.
BBE Sound, Inc. conducted extensive studies of numerous speaker systems over a ten year period. With this knowledge,
it became possible to identify the characteristics of an ideal speaker and to distill the corrections necessary to return
the fundamental and harmonic frequency structures to their correct order. While there are differences among various
speaker designs in the magnitude of their correction, the overall pattern of correction needed is remarkably consistent.
The BBE Process is so unique that 42 patents have been awarded by the U.S. Patent Office.
1
Product Description
The BBE 882 is a dual channel, single rack space device for use in +4dBu balanced line applications. Each of the two
independent channels has a Lo Contour control, Process control and a 5 segment LED input level meter. A single
function button switches the BBE process on or off in both channels, which is useful for comparing the processed sound
to the unprocessed sound. An LED next to the function button glows green when the BBE process is on and red when
the process is off. The Lo Contour controls are for adjusting the level of phase corrected low frequencies in the program
material. The Process controls are for adjusting the level of phase corrected high frequencies in the program material.
Things to Remember
The BBE 882 is designed to work with +4dBu signal levels. This is suitable for use with professional P.A. systems,
recording studios or nightclub sound systems. The BBE 882 drives load impedances down to 600 Ohms and supplies
a maximum output level of +23dBu. Plugging a guitar, microphone or other high impedance device directly into the
BBE 882 will not work properly as its input impedance is less than 14.7K Ohms.
Set-Up
The BBE 882 is connected into the signal chain in series with the signal path the same way a graphic equalizer or
limiter would be. The output of a mixer, pre-amp, or other sound source feeds the input of the BBE 882. Setting up the
BBE 882 as an echo send device like a digital reverb is not recommended as the processed effect is not fully realized
when summed with the original source audio.
WARNING
G! To
prevent possible speaker or amplifier damage, always
power-up peripheral devices first, wait 10 seconds, and then turn on the power
amplifier. Turn off power amplifier first, then power-down peripheral devices.
APPLICATIONS
Music and P.A. Systems
The BBE 882 is a welcome addition to any live sound P.A. system because the BBE circuit dramatically improves the
clarity and intelligibility of vocals and musical instruments. Night club and mobile DJ systems will also benefit greatly
from the BBE Process, with more depth, detail and punch over the entire mix. The 882 can be hooked up to any P.A.
or DJ sound system exactly like an equalizer would. When using in conjunction with an equalizer, the 882 should be
added after the equalizer in the signal chain. In the event that the equalizer is being used for drastic tone alteration,
then insert the 882 before the equalizer in the signal chain. Placement either before or after an equalizer should have
no negative effect on the 882 unit or its processing ability, however most users find they prefer more modest use of
their equalizers once the BBE 882 has been added to their sound systems.
Instrument Racks
The BBE 882 will deliver surprisingly good results in guitar, bass and keyboard rack systems. Electric guitars have added
“bite”, “chunk” and improved definition. As Guitar Player magazine said, “BBE is the most cost effective improvement
you can add to your rig”. Acoustic guitars processed with the 882 have a breathtakingly natural sparkle and presence.
Bassists will delight in the BBE 882's ability to bring much more punch to the bottom end without muddying up the
midrange. The 882 is also great for keyboard rigs, with everything from the latest samples to a vintage Rhodes
benefiting equally from the patented BBE process.
Recording Systems
The BBE 882 can be used as an effect on individual tracks or applied overall during mixdown. The BBE process works
very well to liven up the final mix, which is why the BBE 882 and 482 models are popular for use in both recreational
and professional recording studios.
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FRONT PANEL CONTROLS
1
SONIC MAXIMIZER
3
4
5
6
POWER
BBE PROCESS
®
CLIP
+10
0
- 10
IN
- 20
OUT
- 20
- 10
0
+10
CLIP
▼
▼
882
2
ON
CHANNEL A
LO CONTOUR
PROCESS
FUNCTION
LO CONTOUR
PROCESS
OFF
CHANNEL B
1. LED DISPLAY: The LED display is used to indicate the output signal level of the BBE 882. Each number on the front
panel corresponds to the output signal level, measured in decibels. Example: The “+10” indicates a 10dBu signal
level, “0” refers to 0dBu, and so on. Once an input signal level has been established, increasing the BBE PROCESS
and LO CONTOUR will increase the output signal and cause more LEDs to illuminate. The Clip LED monitors the
input signal level. The Clip LED will illuminate at +20dBu, giving a 3dBu warning of the impending distortion at
+23dBu, the actual clip point.
2. LO CONTOUR: Each channel is equipped with a LO CONTOUR CONTROL. This control regulates the amount of
phase corrected bass frequencies.
3. PROCESS: Each channel is equipped with a PROCESS CONTROL. This control regulates the amount of phase
corrected treble frequencies.
4. BBE FUNCTION: This push button switch allows for quick comparison of processed with unprocessed sound.
When the switch is pushed in, the process is on and the indicator LED is green. When the switch is out, the process
is off and the indicator LED is yellow.
5. CHANNEL B: These controls function the same as CHANNEL A.
6. POWER: This switch controls primary power to the BBE 882.
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REAR PANEL CONNECTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
1. AC POWER CORD: Plugs into AC power receptacle. U.S. Model, 100-120Vac, 50/60Hz.
All other models,220-240Vac, 50/60Hz.
2. FUSE: Turn cap on fuse holder counter-clockwise to remove fuse. (Note: For U.S. Model, replace with 250Vac, 1/2A
Fastblow type fuse. For all other models, replace with 250Vac, .125A Fastblow type fuse.)
3. OUTPUT: The output of the BBE 882 can be taken from the 1/4” stereo TRS Phone Jack or the XLR Jack. Both are
balanced and the same point electronically. This allows both outputs to be used simultaneously, eliminating the
need for a “Y” cord in the event multiple, balanced outputs are required. The recommended single load impedance
is at least 10k Ohms. If both outputs are being used, a minimum of a 22k Ohm load per device is required. (The
“load” is determined by the input impedance of the next subsequent component in the signal chain.) The
maximum output is rated at +23dBu. Pin #2 is considered the hot or “+” signal. The output impedance of the BBE
882 is 600 ohms. NOTE: Actual output level will vary due to the selected position of the BBE Process, and the actual
input signal level. If both the XLR and Phone Jacks are being used, both must be either balanced or unbalanced.
Otherwise a loss of signal level will occur.
4. INPUT: The input of the BBE 882 is a balanced connection. Although is can be either a TRS 1/4” stereo Phone Plug
or an XLR Plug, it is recommended that only one input source be used. Both jacks are the same point electronically,
however, due to the input/output impedance characteristics of most audio devices, a loss of signal may occur and/or
damage to a component if both inputs are utilized. Pin #2 is considered the hot or “+” signal. The input impedance
of the BBE 882 is 14.7k Ohms. The maximum signal level is +23dBu.
5. CHANNEL A: These connections function the same as CHANNEL B.
4
Specifications
Frequency Response,
process mode: ……………Program controlled
bypass mode: ……………10Hz to 50kHz +/-0.5dBu, 0dBu input
Signal to Noise: ……………………-92dBu
THD, process mode: ……………less than 0.025% at -0dBu input, 20-20kHz
bypass mode: ……………less than 0.002% at -0dBu input, 20-20kHz
Maximum Output: ………………+23dBu (may vary due to control settings)
Input Impedance: …………………14.7k Ohms, balanced 1/4" TRS phone jack or XLR jack Pin #2 hot or “+”.
Output Impedance: ………………600 Ohms, balanced 1/4" TRS phone jack or XLR jack Pin #2 hot or “+”.
Sensitivity: …………………………-45dBu for maximum process
Maximum Process: ………………+12dBu boost at 5kHz, 0dBu input
Lo Contour: …………………………+12dBu boost at 50Hz, 0dBu input
* 0dBu = 0.775mVrms
Power Requirements: ……………U.S., Canada & Japan models: 120VAC, 50/60Hz, 8 WATTS
Standard model: 220VAC, 50/60Hz, 8 WATTS
Fuse:
………………………………Replace with the same type FASTBLOW fuse
U.S., Canada & Japan models: 250Vac, 1 /2A Fast blow type fuse.
Standard model: 250Vac, .125A Fastblow type fuse
Dimensions: ………………………19"(W) x 5.5"(D) x 1.7"(H)
Shipping Weight: …………………7 lbs.
Note: Due to continuing product improvement, specifications and design are subject to change without notice.
General Operation
THE BBE 882 IS A BALANCED LINE LEVEL SIGNAL PROCESSOR AND IS TO BE CONNECTED
PRIOR TO THE POWER AMP IN ANY AUDIO SYSTEM. SIGNIFICANT DAMAGE MAY BE
INFLICTED TO THE BBE 882 OR ANY SUBSEQUENT COMPONENT IN THE SYSTEM IN THE
EVENT THE OUTPUT OF A POWER AMP IS CONNECTED DIRECTLY TO THE INPUT OF THE
BBE 882.
In order to reduce the risk of damage to any equipment, properly connect all cables and power cables before turning
on any components in the system. Most important of all, ALWAYS TURN ON THE POWER AMPLIFIER LAST TO AVOID
DAMAGING THE SPEAKERS OR THE AMP.
The BBE 882 may be utilized in a number of different environments and its results may vary accordingly. Because both
channels are completely independent from each other, only one channel of the BBE 882 may be used, or each channel
processing a different signal source. The effects loop is the ideal placement in the signal chain of a guitar application.
In a pre-amp, keyboard or P.A. application, the BBE 882 works best as the last component in the signal chain, just
before the crossover or power amp. Important: In a P.A. application, never connect the BBE 882 into the effects loop.
The inherent phase shift of the BBE Process will cause phase cancellation resulting in a partial loss of signal.
BBE and Equalization
The most common question asked of the BBE Sound, Inc. service department is: “Where does the BBE Processor
connect in the signal chain, before or after the equalizer?” Many people find that the same amount of equalization is
no longer needed, if at all, when a BBE processor is used. Additionally, the amount of equalization used will help
determine the BBE 882’s proper location in the signal chain: If the EQ is being set to give the room a flat response as
determined by a spectrum analyzer, the BBE 882 will work properly before or after the EQ. (Placing the BBE 882 after
the EQ is recommended.) If the EQ is being used for drastic tone alteration, the recommended placement would be
before the EQ. Neither of these configurations will harm the BBE 882.
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LIVE APPLICATION: NON-POWERED MIXER
Connect the BBE 882 to the output of the mixing console. The output of the BBE will drive
either a crossover or a power amplifier directly. (If an equalizer is being used, refer to “BBE and
Equalization” section under “General Operation.”)
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LIVE APPLICATION: POWERED MIXER
There are a couple of ways to configure the BBE 882 into a powered mixer. The ideal method
would be into “Pre-Amp Out/Power Amp In” section of the console. If your console does not
have this option, use the main or channel insert points.
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RECORDING
The BBE 882 can be utilized in the recording studio on individual instruments or on groups of
instruments to improve the sound quality.
MASTERING OR DUBBING
Use the BBE 882 for mastering the recording. Even if the BBE Process has been used on individual
tracks, an improvement on the total mix will be noticed.
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INDIVIDUAL INSTRUMENTS
Use the BBE 882 in the effects loop or the main output of a guitar preamp. For keyboards, the
output of the sub-mixer will be the ideal location.
9
SOUND CONTRACTORS
The BBE 882 will accept the output level of most sound contractor type mixers.
DJ APPLICATION
Connect the BBE 882 into the processor loop of a pre-amplifier/mixer and hear the music come alive!
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Service
We recommend that if at all possible, a BBE 882 which requires service be sent to our facility in Huntington Beach,
California. We request that a “RETURN AUTHORIZATION” be issued by the dealer from whom you purchased the unit.
If this is not possible, call BBE Sound, Inc. directly at (714) 897-6766, extension 116 to obtain a “RETURN
AUTHORIZATION”. Include a copy of the bill of sale with the unit when it is shipped to BBE Sound, Inc. so that the
service can be expedited.
As the repair turnaround time is minimal, we request that the unit be sent to BBE Sound, Inc. We also need to add
reliability data to our files so that future revision may be undertaken, if necessary, to improve the product. If unit has
been purchased outside the US, please contact your national distributor.
Warranty
Warranty registration of the unit to BBE Sound, Inc. is not necessary. It is strongly recommended that you retain a copy
of the bill of sale for future reference.
IT IS THE SOLE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE END USER TO PROVIDE THE BILL OF SALE OR
OTHER MEANS OF PROOF OF PURCHASE TO VALIDATE THE WARRANTY IF WARRANTY
SERVICE IS REQUESTED.
The BBE 882 is warranted against defects in material and workmanship for a period of five (5) years from date of
purchase from BBE Sound Inc. or from an authorized dealer. During this period, we will repair units free of charge
providing that they are shipped prepaid to BBE Sound, Inc., 5381 Production Drive, Huntington Beach, CA 92649. We
will pay return UPS shipping charges within the USA. All charges related to non-UPS shipping, including customs
clearance, will be billed. The warranty will be honored for the longer of either 90 days from the date of any service or
the remainder of the original 5 Year factory warranty.
This warranty will be consider null and void by BBE Sound, Inc. if any of the following is found:
1. The equipment has been physically damaged.
2. The equipment shows signs of abuse.
3. The equipment has been electrically damaged by improper connection or attempted repair by the customer
or a third party.
4. The equipment has been modified without authorization.
5. The bill of sales indicates that the purchase date of the equipment is not within the warranty period.
All non-warranty repairs are warranted for a period of 90 days from the date of service.
BBE Sound, Inc. is NOT LIABLE FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. Should the unit fail to operate for any reason, our
sole obligation is to repair it as described above. DO NOT RETURN ANY PRODUCT TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS
WITHOUT INSTRUCTIONS AND AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE ABOVE LOCATION.
Maintenance
Maintenance of the BBE 882 is limited to proper cleaning of the unit with mild household cleaner such as Formula
409™ or Windex™. The chassis and cover are steel finished with a durable polyurethane paint, while the front panel
is an anodized aluminum extrusion.
There are no user replaceable parts and the unit should not be opened for any reason unless you are a qualified
technician. Calibration should be performed if parts are replaced or if a performance check-out indicates a problem
with calibration. Long term use has shown that over the life of this unit there is little or no drift of the components
in the BBE 882 which would cause a change in calibration. A very conservative design philosophy has resulted in a
piece of equipment which runs very cool and should give years of trouble-free service.
11
Calibration Procedure for the BBE 882
(REV/S/ON 1.1)
NOTE: THIS UNIT WAS TESTED AND CALIBRATED AT THE FACTORY.
THIS PROCEDURE IS FOR QUALIFIED PERSONNEL ONLY.
INITIAL SETTINGS:
1. BBE Process controls VR1 and VR3 to minimum.(C.C.W.)
2. Lo Contour controls VR2 and VR4 to minimum.(C.C.W.)
3. Power switch “ON” and BBE function switch “IN”.
POWER SUPPLY TEST:
1. With DVM set to DC volts, measure the positive end of C37. You should read less than +30vdc.
2. With DVM set to DC volts, measure the negative end of C39. You should read less than -30vdc.
3. With DVM set to DC volts, measure the voltage on JMP52. Reading should be +15vdc, (+/-0.5vdc).
4. With DVM set to DC volts, measure the voltage on JMP5. Reading should be -15vdc, (+/-0.5vdc).
BBE PROCESS TEST:
1. Input a 5khz signal @ -l0dBu into channel A [B] 1/4” jack input.
2. With DVM set to AC volts, measure the channel A [B] 1/4” jack output.
3. With Process control at minimum (C.C.W.) DVM should read -12dBu (+/-1dBu).
4. With Process control at maximum (C.W.) DVM should read +2dBu (+/-1dBu).
LO CONTOUR TEST:
1. Input a 50hz signal @ -l0dBu into channel A [B] 1/4” jack input.
2. With DVM set to AC volts, measure the channel A [B] 1/4” jack output.
3. With Lo Contour control at minimum (C.C.W.) DVM should read -13dBu (+/-1dBu).
4. With Lo Contour control at maximum (C.W.) DVM should read +2dBu (+/-1dBu).
BYPASS TEST:
1. Input a 500hz signal @ -l0dBu into channel A [B] 1/4” jack input.
2. With DVM set to AC volts, measure the channel A [B] 1/4” jack output.
3. With the process “IN”, DVM should read -9dBu (+/-1dBu) and the Process “IN” LED should be on.
4. With the Process “OUT”, DVM should read -10dBu (+/-1dBu) and the Process “OUT” LED should be on.
LED TEST:
1. Return both channels Process and Lo Contour controls to minimum (C.C.W.).
2. Input a 5khz signal @ -18dBu into the channel A [B]1/4” jack input. The yellow -10 LED should light.
3. Change input level to -8dBu. The yellow -10dBu LED should light.
4. Change input level to +2dBu. The green 0dBu LED should light.
5. Change input level to +12dBu. The green +10dBu LED should light.
6. Change input level to +18dBu. The red clip LED should light.
XLR TEST:
1. Switch BBE Process “IN”.
2. Input a balanced 5khz signal @ -10dBu into the channel A [B] XLR jack input.
3. Using an oscilloscope, verify the you have a 0.3 volt peak to peak signal on both pins 2 and 3 of the
channel A [B] XLR jack output.
END TEST.
5381 Production Drive
Huntington Beach, CA 92649
(714) 897-6766
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NOTES:
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YEA
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RANT
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IV
5
AR
F
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•
• B
LI
MITED
5381 Production Drive
Huntington Beach, CA 92649
714-897-6766 • FAX 714-896-0736
www.bbesound.com
covered by U.S. Patent 4,482,866 and other U.S. and foreign patents pending.
BBE is the registered trademark of BBE Sound, Inc.
rev. 2 8/99