B&G Triton Display Specifications

Triton
Operation Manual
ENGLISH
bandg.com
Preface
As Navico are continuously improving this product, we retain the right to make changes to
the product at any time which may not be reflected in this version of the manual. Please
contact your nearest distributor if you require any further assistance.
It is the owner’s sole responsibility to install and use the instrument and transducers in a
manner that will not cause accidents, personal injury or property damage. The user of this
product is solely responsible for observing safe boating practices.
NAVICO HOLDING AS AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES, BRANCHES AND AFFILIATES DISCLAIM ALL
LIABILITY FOR ANY USE OF THIS PRODUCT IN A WAY THAT MAY CAUSE ACCIDENTS, DAMAGE
OR THAT MAY VIOLATE THE LAW.
Governing Language: This statement, any instruction manuals, user guides and other
information relating to the product (Documentation) may be translated to, or has been
translated from, another language (Translation). In the event of any conflict between any
Translation of the Documentation, the English language version of the Documentation will be
the official version of the Documentation.
This manual represents the product as at the time of printing. Navico Holding AS and its
subsidiaries, branches and affiliates reserve the right to make changes to specifications
without notice.
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 Navico Holding AS.
Warranty
The warranty card is supplied as a separate document.
In case of any queries, refer to the brand web site of your display or system:
www.bandg.com
About this manual
This manual is a reference guide for operating the B&G Triton instrument and Pilot controller.
It assumes that all equipment is installed and configured, and that the system is ready to use.
The manual assumes that the user has basic knowledge of navigation, nautical terminology
and practices.
Important text that requires special attention from the reader is emphasized as follows:
 Note: Used to draw the reader’s attention to a comment or some important information.
Warning: Used when it is necessary to warn personnel that they
should proceed carefully to prevent risk of injury and/or damage to
equipment/personnel.
Preface | Triton Operator Manual
|3
The software
This manual is written for B&G Triton Release to Market 1 (RTM1). Please check web site for
details on the current release version.
 Note: The menu route shown above is an example only and may not match the software
installed on your unit!
 Note: To update the software you will need a compatible multifunction display / chartplotter
running on the network. eg. B&G Zeus multi function display (MFD). If you do not have a
suitable device on the network you can arrange to update the software via a B&G dealer.
You can download the latest version of the software from www.bandg.com and upgrade the
displays via the B&G MFD, instructions on how to do this can be found on the B&G website.
www.bandg.com
 Note: The manual may have been updated to match new software releases. The latest
available manual version can be downloaded from www.bandg.com
 Note: Portions of this software are copyright © 2011 The FreeType Project (www.freetype.org).
All rights reserved.
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Preface | Triton Operator Manual
Contents
7
Operation
7
8
9
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
The Triton Display and Pilot Controller
Pages
Default pages
Replacing a data page
Template pages
Customizing a template page
Auto scroll
Timer
Log
Alarms
23
Setup
23
24
29
30
31
31
32
32
32
33
33
34
Sources
Device list
Time & Date
Units
Display mode
Display setup
Damping
Decimal places
Magnetic variation
Sounds
System
Diagnostics
35
Autopilot
35
35
36
37
37
38
38
39
39
40
42
42
Overview
Operation
Pilot Controller
Turning the Pilot on / off
Autopilot operational modes
Autopilot symbols
Selecting a Pilot mode
Standby mode (Manual helm steering)
Auto mode (Compass steer mode)
Wind mode
Non follow up mode
Navigation mode (Steer to waypoint)
45
Autopilot settings
45
45
46
47
49
51
52
52
53
56
Installation menu
Commissioning
Dockside
Rudder drive
Sea trial
Pilot response
Sea state filter
Sailing
Automatic steering
Reset
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6|
57
Maintenance
57
General maintenance
59
Specifications
59
Technical specifications
60
Dimensional drawings
60
60
Display
Pilot controller
61
Menu flow chart
Contents | Triton Operator Manual
1
Operation
The B&G Triton system is a networked multifunction instrument display and Pilot controller.
The display shows speed, depth, heading, position, wind and environmental data measured
by sensors and other equipment connected to the system.
Navigational data, engine/battery status and vessel parameters such as accumulated log and
rudder angle may also be displayed.
The instrument calculates speed trim, wind, trip distance and time, average speed, set and
drift parameters. A race timer is also included.
If a compatible autopilot is installed and connected to the same network it can be controlled
by the Pilot controller.
The Triton Display and Pilot Controller
1
5
6
4
3
2
7
8
9
1 Display
2 Menu / Enter key
Used to enter the main menu, select sub menus and confirm selection.
 Note: Press and holding the Enter key for 3 seconds takes you directly to the display setup
lighting level screen. If the lighting level is set below 5 it will automatically increase to 5. Use
the up and down keys to set the desired level and press Enter to confirm.
3 Page key
Scrolls through the eight default display pages and navigates back a step in menus.
 Note: the eight default display pages including Pilot page can be customized to display the
required data.
4 Directional keys
Scrolls up and down through selected menus / set values.
5 Pilot Controller
6 Mode key
Changes the Pilot mode.
7 Off key
Disengages the autopilot.
8 Course control keys
Changes target course / Activates Non Follow Up (NFU) mode when in Standby mode.
9 Auto key
Engages the autopilot.
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Pages
From new the display shows eight default data pages. Data pages show a variety of boat data
and information available from sensors and devices on the Network.
The display default pages show: Basic speed/depth, wind composite, basic wind/speed,
steering, depth history, GPS, highway and autopilot.
Each press of the page key will change the current data page to the next preselected page in
the cycle.
 Note: Pressing the page key will change the data pages in sequence and in continuous
rotation.
You can choose to have up to eight pages as part of the data page cycle, these can be any
combination of the eight default and nine template pages available from the pages menu.
 Note: Only seven pages will be available when in Instrument Only display mode.
 Note: Two or more pages need to be enabled for the page key to function.
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Operation | Triton Operator Manual
Default pages
Basic Speed / Depth
Two line data display. Boat speed and Depth
Wind Composite
The wind composite page presents the following information:
1
2
3
5
6
7
4
8
9
1 Apparent wind speed (AWS)
2 Red - Close hauled port tack
3 Boat orientation. (Always pointing forwards)
4 True wind speed (TWS)
5 Apparent wind angle (AWA)
6 Green - Close hauled starboard tack
7 Apparent wind angle graphic
8 True wind angle graphic
9 True wind angle (TWA)
Basic Wind / Speed
Two line data display. Apparent Wind Angle and True Wind Speed
1
2
1 Wind angle indicator - Green arrow right = Starboard tack. Red arrow right = Port
tack
2 Beaufort scale indicator
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Steering
The Steering page presents the following information:
6
1
2
3
4
5
7
8
9
10
1 Compass graphic (Heading)
2 Heading
3 Bearing to waypoint (BTW)
4 Off track limit
5 Rhumb line
6 Bearing to waypoint indicator
7 Course over ground (COG)
8 Cross track error (XTE) R = Right / L = Left
9 Cross track error graphic
10 Boat position from rhumb line
Depth History
Current depth and histogram of recorded depth data.
1
2
3
1 Depth value
2 Boat type - Sail or Motor boat image
3 Depth graphic
 Note: You can adjust the time period scale via the up & down keys.
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Operation | Triton Operator Manual
GPS
The GPS page presents the following information:
2
3
6
7
1
4
5
8
1 Coordinate system
2 Boat position (Latitude & Longitude)
3 Course over ground (COG)
4 Local time
5 Speed over ground (SOG)
6 Bearing to waypoint (BTW)
7 Estimated time of arrival (ETA)
8 Distance to waypoint (DTW)
 Note: GPS information relies on a suitable GPS connected to the network and selected on the
display as the current GPS.
Highway
The Highway page presents the following information:
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
1 Waypoint name
2 Estimated time of arrival (ETA)
3 Next waypoint
4 Highway graphic
5 Bearing to waypoint (BTW)
6 Cross track error (XTE)
7 Distance to waypoint (DTW)
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Autopilot
The Autopilot page presents the following information:
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
1 Response mode
2 Pilot mode
3 Compass graphic (Heading)
4 Rudder angle graphic
5 Set heading / Wind angle / Rudder angle
6 Current heading / Wind angle
7 Set heading indicator - Green = Starboard / Red = Port
8 Heading
Pilot modes
The current heading and Set heading information will change on the display depending
on which mode the pilot is in. Below is a list of the pilot modes, pilot mode symbol and the
current/target data that will be displayed.
1
2
3
1 Pilot mode / Pilot mode symbol
2 Current
3 Target
Pilot Mode
Standby
Auto
Non FollowUp
Navigation
Wind
12 |
Symbol
S
A
NFU
N
W
Operation | Triton Operator Manual
Current
Target
Heading
N/A
Heading
Set heading
Heading
Rudder Angle
Heading
Set heading
True Wind Angle (TWA)
Apparent Wind Angle (AWA)
Set Wind Angle
Response modes
The response mode is next to the Pilot mode symbol. Select auto or hi/low manual modes
from the pilot response settings in the pilot menu.
Response Mode
Auto
Hi
Lo
Symbol
Hi-A
Lo-A
Hi-M
Lo-M
Description
When set to Auto the pilot will automatically select a
high or low response mode determined by boat speed
and wind angle
Manual selection of Hi response mode
Manual selection of Lo response mode
Replacing a data page
Go to the pages menu. Select the page you wish to replace then select the new page you
would like to replace it with.
Enabling a data page
To make a data page available via the page key you will need to first ensure it has been
selected as one of the eight available pages.
Once the page has been selected as one of the eight data pages you can enable it by
selecting Enable Page. Once selected a tick will be visible in the check box.
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Template pages
There are nine template pages that can be configured to display specific data suited to the
user.
Chose from the following:
Template Page
Symbol
Single Line
One piece of data
Two Line
Two pieces of data on a split level, top and bottom
Four Panel Horizontal
Four pieces of data. One on top and three below
Four Panel Equal
Four pieces of data. Split equally
Nine Panel
Nine pieces of data. Split equally
0.0
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Description
Histogram
Displays data as a histogram with a data value
shown above
Analogue
Displays data as an analogue display
Full Screen Analogue
Displays data as a full screen analogue display
Highway
Highway graphic with three pieces of data below
Operation | Triton Operator Manual
Customizing a template page
Once selected you can change the displayed data by editing the page.
Change data
You can edit a template page so it displays the specific information that you require.
 Note: A template page cannot be edited until it has been selected as one of the eight data
pages.
To change the display data shown on a template page first select the template from the
pages menu. In the action menu select Change Data. Highlight the desired field in the page
you wish to edit and press ‘Enter’
 Note: Use the directional keys on the display to navigate between the individual data fields.
Pressing the directional key in one direction will change the highlighted field in sequence
and in continuous rotation.
Once the data field has been selected you can chose the data type you wish to place in this
field from the menu.
Select the data type by pressing ‘Enter’ Once selected a tick will appear in the check box.
The required data will now appear in the selected field. To populate other blank fields repeat
the process.
 Note: If a data type is selected but there is no sensor on the network providing the
information there will be no data reading on the display. Instead there will be dashes.
 Note: Press the page key at anytime to return to the template.
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Auto scroll
When selected, auto scroll automatically scrolls between the enabled pages at a timed
interval predetermined by setting the desired scroll time in the auto scroll settings menu.
Include in auto scroll
To include a page in auto scroll, go to the auto scroll settings in the action menu of the
specific page and select Include in auto scroll. Once selected a tick will appear in the check
box.
Auto scroll settings
In the auto scroll settings menu you can start the auto scroll function and set the time interval
between page changes.
 Note: The scroll time interval can be set to change the displayed data page between 1 and 10
second intervals.
Start auto scroll
To start auto scroll, select any of the data pages from the pages menu, select Auto scroll
settings and select Start auto scroll. Once selected a tick will appear in the check box and the
display will scroll through the pages on a cycle set to the desired auto scroll interval. To stop
auto scroll deselect Start auto scroll.
 Note: You can set the time interval of the screen transition from this menu, by selecting Scroll
time and modifying the interval time.
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Operation | Triton Operator Manual
Timer
The timer can be used as a countdown timer to a race start and as a means of measuring the
time elapsed after a race start or for any other timed operation.
 Note: The timer is by default shared between interconnected displays on the network. All
timer values will be identical.
The timer can be started at any time by selecting Start Timer from the timer setup menu. If
the Start value is set to zero (00:00) when the timer is started the timer will begin counting up,
recording the elapsed time.
 Note: The timer set value is in hours : Minutes, the timer counter will show Minutes : Seconds
with the hours in the top right hand corner of the display.
Countdown Timer
If you want to count down to a race start a time value can be set in the Start Value field in
the timer setup menu. When a time is present in the start value field the timer will begin to
countdown from that number when the timer is started. Once the time reaches zero it will
begin counting up recording the elapsed race time.
 Note: Time format = Hours (Shown in the top right-hand corner) Minutes : Seconds (MM:SS).
Start Value
To set a start value. Highlight and select Start Value. Pressing the ‘Page’ key will scroll through
the race timer digits from left to right. When the desired number is highlighted, scrolling up
and down will change that digit. Once complete press ‘Enter’ to confirm.
 Note: Minimum timer value greater than zero is one minute.
Start/Stop Timer
Once a start value has been set, to start the timer, highlight Start timer and press ‘Enter’. The
display will turn to the timer page and begin counting accordingly. To stop the timer from
counting select Timer Setup , highlight Stop Timer and press ‘Enter’.
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Reset Timer
Selecting Reset timer will reset the timer to the start value. If the timer was running, it will
continue to run from the start value.
Start Trip on Running
When selected the trip log will record your time and millage from the moment the
countdown clock begins counting up from zero.
Nearest Full Minute
When the timer is counting down selecting Nearest Full Minute will synchronize the time up
or down to the nearest full minute.
Log
The Log page presents the following information:
1
3
2
4
1 Current trip distance
2 Current time
3 Total logged distance
4 Current date
The log shows the current time and date, total recorded distance for the instruments life time
and trip log showing total distance travelled from the time of the trip reset and the selection
of Start trip. Once started it will change to Stop trip. The trip log counter will continue to
count up until it is stopped.
 Note: The Log and Date cannot be reset. The date is taken from the global time and date
settings. The time can be set to correspond with your global position.
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Operation | Triton Operator Manual
Reset trip and time
To reset the trip and time to zero select Reset trip and time.
Alarms
If you have the relevant sensor connected to the network you can enable the corresponding
alarm by selecting it from the Alarms list.
Alarm on / off
Turn an alarm on or off from the alarm list. A tick symbol next to the alarm in the alarm list will
indicate that the alarm is on.
 Note: It is possible to disable all alarms by selecting Disable all alarms
Setting alarm parameters
Selecting an alarm that requires parameters to be set will take you to its alarm page. Set the
required parameter, select Enabled and select OK once complete.
The alarm can be disabled by deselecting Enabled.
Below is an example of how to set a shallow water alarm. Select Enabled and set the desired
depth.
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Alarm indication
The alarm system is activated if any alarm settings are exceeded.
When an alarm is notified, the alarm will be indicated with an alarm text and with an audible
alarm. There are two types of audible alarm indication. Single alarm tone or continuous alarm
tone.
 Note: See Alarm settings for further details on how to set an alarm.
 Note: If a Pilot is not on the network all Pilot alarms will be greyed out and will not be
accessible.
If the display is connected to other Network units, any alarm in the system will be displayed
on the instrument.
If no specific alarm text is displayed, an alarm code will appear.
Acknowledging an alarm
An alarm is acknowledged by pressing the ‘Enter’ key. This will remove the alarm notification
(text, light and sound) from all units that belongs to the same alarm group.
A reminder will reappear at given intervals for as long as the alarm condition exists.
 Note: An alarm received from other networked units must be acknowledged on the unit
generating the alarm.
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Operation | Triton Operator Manual
Alarm types
Alarm
Value
Disable all alarms
OFF
Alarm description
Type
All alarms off.- NO Alarms will be raised!
Cont’
Shallow water
m
Shallow water limit - Meters
Cont’
Deep water
m
Deep water limit - Meters
Cont’
High wind
kn
Max wind speed - Knots
Cont’
Off course
nm
Max off course distance - Nautical miles
Cont’
N/A
Use when at anchor. The alarm will sound
when there is a significant change of
depth caused by a change in tide or
boat drifting into deeper or shallower
water. The anchor depth alarm value is
predefined in the software and cannot be
configured by the user. The anchor alarm
should be turned off when the boat is not
at anchor.
Cont’
Anchor alarm
Pilot system alarms only
Wind shift
º
Maximum wind shift - Degrees
Cont’
Depth data missing
N/A
Single
Wind data missing
N/A
Single
Navigation data missing
N/A
Single
Missing data
Compass data missing
N/A
Single
Speed data missing
N/A
Single
Position data missing
N/A
Single
Rudder feedback failure
N/A
Cont’
Rudder response failure
N/A
Cont’
Drive overload
N/A
Single
High temperature
N/A
Single
Bypass/clutch overload
N/A
Single
Bypass/clutch disengaged
N/A
Single
Pilot failure
High drive supply
N/A
Single
Low drive supply
N/A
Single
No active control unit
N/A
Single
No autopilot computer
N/A
Single
ACXX Memory failure
N/A
Single
RF must be calibrated
N/A
Single
 Key: Alarm type. Single = Single sound alarm, Cont’ = Continuous sound alarm. Both types of
alarm will have a notification appear on the display until the alarm is acknowledged.
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Operation | Triton Operator Manual
2
Setup
Sources
A data source can be a sensor or a device connected to the NMEA2000 network, providing
information and commands to other networked devices. The data sources are normally
configured at first time turn on. It should only be necessary to update this data if a new
source is added, source is missing (sensor failure), source has been enabled/disabled, sensor
replaced or a network reset.
Auto select
The Auto select option will look for all sources connected to the instrument system. If more
than one source is available for each item, the display will automatically select from the
internal device priority list.
1: Verify that all interfaced units are powered on
2: Press the ‘Enter’ key to start the auto select procedure
The operator will be noted when the auto select process is completed.
 Note: If more than one source is available on the network you can chose your preferred
source from the sources menu. See Manual source selection for more information.
Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 23
Manual source selection
If more than one source is available for an item, the preferred source may be selected
manually. As an example, the following illustrations show how the compass source is
changed.
Select the preferred data source. The selected source will be indicated by a tick in the check
box.
Device list
Shows a list of devices connected to the Network.
Selecting a device from the list will show you an information pane with details of that device.
Some devices such as an RC42 compass store their configuration, calibration and offset data
in their own memory and not in the display memory. For devices of this type you can check
the data information, configure and calibrate the device by selecting Options.
Data
The data list shows the data type that the device is transmitting.
Configure
Instance
Enter a number to differentiate between instances of the same device.
Offset
Certain devices will let you enter an offset value to compensate for the position of the sensor
or variation of sensor data.
 Note: Some devices can be configured further. If a device transmits other data it may be
shown on this page also.
Calibrate
For compass sensors only, once installed you will need to calibrate the device
Select Calibrate and follow the instructions on the display.
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Setup | Triton Operator Manual
Boat speed
Speed calibration is necessary to compensate for hull shape and paddlewheel location
on your boat. For accurate speed and log readings, it is essential that the paddlewheel is
calibrated. Boat speed values can be shown in knots, kph or mph. Your preferred unit of
measurement can be set in the units page of the setup menu.
Auto - Calibration via reference to GPS SOG value
This is an AutoCal facility that uses speed over ground (SOG) from your GPS and compares the
average of SOG against the average boat speed from the speed sensor for the duration of the
calibration run.
 Note: This calibration should be made in calm sea with no effect from wind or tidal current.
1. Bring the boat up to cruising speed (above 5 knots)
2. Select Auto on the Boat speed calibration page
3. When the calibration is completed the Boat speed calibration scale will show the adjusted
percentage value of the boat speed.
USE SOG as boat speed
If boat speed is not available from a paddle wheel sensor it is possible to use speed over
ground from a GPS. SOG will be displayed as boat speed and used in the true wind
calculations and the speed log.
Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 25
Manual adjustment of boat speed
Adjust the boat speed manually by selecting the Boat speed percentage slider. Adjust the
percentage up or down as desired. Confirm the value. Select OK once complete.
Distance Reference
This facility enables the user to calibrate the log accurately and simply. Calculations are
performed by the display that works out the boat speed over a known distance.
To calibrate the boat speed via a distance reference you will need to complete consecutive
runs, under power at a constant speed made along a given course and distance.
 Note: To eliminate the effect of tidal conditions it is advisable to perform at least two runs,
preferably three, along the measured course.
How To Calibrate via Distance Reference
Enter the desired distance in nautical miles that you would like to calculate the distance
reference over.
When the boat gets to the predetermined starting position of the distance reference
calculation start the calibration timer.
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Setup | Triton Operator Manual
Distance reference diagram
Referring to the diagram reference diagram, A and B are the markers for each run and X is the
actual distance for each run as ascertained from a suitable chart or GPS for example.
A
X
B
Start Run 1
Stop Run 1
Start Run 2
Stop Run 2
Start Run 3
End Calibration
As the boat passes marks A and B on each run, instruct the system to start (Start Run) and
stop (Stop Run) and finally OK to end calibration (End Cal Runs).
After the last run is completed and OK has been selected, a pop up warning will ask you if you
wish to replace the current calibration with the new one. Select Yes to complete.
Depth
A typical transducer installation is through the hull in front of the keel. A datum (offset value)
can be set, such that the depth display refers to either the water line or the base of the keel.
+VE: Positive Datum for Waterline
(0.0)
- VE: Negative Datum for Keel
Setting the depth offset displays depth readings from directly below the keel or propellers of
the boat, or from the waterline to the seabed. This makes it easier to see the available depth,
taking into account the draught of the boat.
Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 27
The offset value to be entered should represent the distance between the face of the depth
transducer, and the lowest part of the boat below the waterline, or the distance between the
face of the depth transducer and the water surface.
Sea Temperature
If a suitable temperature sensor is fitted, the system will monitor the current sea temperature.
The offset value to be entered should adjust the temperature reading from the sensor to
match a calibrated thermometer when submersed in the water
Apparent Wind
This provides an offset calibration in degrees to compensate for any mechanical misalignment
between the masthead unit and the center line of the vessel.
To check the masthead unit alignment error we recommend you use the following method
which involves a sailing trial.
Sail on a starboard tack on a close hauled course and record the wind angle, then repeat the
process on a port tack. Divide the difference between the two recorded numbers and enter
this as the wind angle offset.
WIND
Starboard Tack
Port Tack
33º
27º
Starboard tack = 33º
Port tack = 27º
Difference: 33º - 27º = 6º
Offset: 6º/2 = -3º
If the starboard apparent wind angle is greater than the port angle then divide the difference
by 2 and enter this as a negative offset. If the port angle is greater than the starboard then
divide the difference by 2 and enter this as a positive offset.
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Setup | Triton Operator Manual
Compass Heading
The compass offset compensates for fixed errors (misalignment) between the compass sensor
and the direction of the boat.
To accurately enter a compass offset, the boat’s heading must be referenced to, for example:
a calibrated bowl compass .
The offset value will be the difference between the known source and the currently displayed
heading.
Enter this value as the offset in the compass heading field as a plus or minus integer up to
180º
USE COG as heading
If heading data is not available from a compass sensor it is possible to use course over
ground from a GPS. COG will be displayed as heading and used in the calculation of true
wind direction.
 Note: The autopilot cannot be operated using COG as the heading source. COG cannot be
calculated when stationary.
Time & Date
From the time and date menu you can set your preferred time / date format and local time
offset. Once complete select Save to save your settings and exit.
 Note: Local time is calculated based on UTC provided via a GPS unit connected to the
network.
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| 29
Units
Set the preferred unit of measurement you want data to be displayed in.
Parameter
Options
Default value
kn Knots
Boat speed
kph Kilometers per hour
kn
mph Miles per hour
kn Knots
Wind speed
m/s Meters per second
kn
mph Miles per hour
nm Nautical miles
Distance
mi Miles
nm
km Kilometers
ft Feet
Depth
m Meters
ft
fa Fathoms
Heading
Temperature
Volume
ºM Magnetic
ºT True
ºF Fahrenheit
ºC Centigrade
gal Gallons
L Liters
ºM
ºF
gal
Hg Inches of Mercury
Pressure
mb Millibars
mb
hPa Hectopascal
 Note: If magnetic variation is not available via a GPS an offset can be entered manually. See
Magnetic variation for more information.
The same applies if the user wants to read magnetic heading, but only receives true heading
from the compass.
Language
The display can be set to different languages to suit your preference.
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Setup | Triton Operator Manual
Display mode
There are 3 display functionality modes. Highlight the desired mode and press ‘Enter’ to select.
Instrument display only
Displays instrument data only. No Pilot data page is viewable.
Pilot display only
Displays Pilot data only. No instrument data pages are viewable.
Pilot when engaged
Possible to view instrument data pages at all times and Pilot data when a Pilot system is
installed and connected to the network.
 Note: The Pilot page is automatically displayed when the Pilot is engaged.
Display setup
Set the light zone, enter night mode and change the lighting level.
 Note: Press and holding the ‘Enter’ key for 3 seconds takes you directly to the display setup
lighting level screen. If the light level is set below 5 it will automatically increases to 5. Use the
up and down keys to set the desired level and press ‘Enter’ to confirm.
Lighting zone
Set the lighting zone on the display. All units in the selected lighting zone will mirror each
others light settings. Default setting is Network.
Night mode
Change the display to night mode colour pallet. All displays in the selected lighting zone will
also change to night mode.
Lighting level
Adjust the back light level from 1 - 10.
Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 31
Boat type
Select the type of boat that is installed on. Chose either Sail or Power depending on the
vessel.
Damping
The damping rate effects the frequency that the sensor data is updated on the display, the
greater the damping value the smoother the number change will be but the slower the
response will be to data change.
Decimal places
It is possible to change how many decimal places speed and sea temperature data will be
displayed with.
Choose how many decimal places you wish to have shown for that specific data type.
Magnetic variation
Adjust how the system handles magnetic variation.
Auto
Automatically calculates variation based on position and time.
Manual
If variation is not available enter a value manually.
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Setup | Triton Operator Manual
Sounds
Turn the keypress and alarm sounds on or off.
 Note: Silencing the alarm sound does not deactivate the alarms. When an alarm is activated
the warning notification will be shown on the display regardless of the sound being on or off.
System
From the system menu there are several options to reset the system, place the display into
simulator and get the current software information.
Reset options
There are a variety of reset options available from the system menu.
 Note: Whenever a reset option is selected there will be a dialog box asking you to confirm
that you wish to reset before any further action is taken. If you wish to cancel the reset, select
No will return you to the system menu.
Network reset
Resets the source selection on all displays connected to the network.
Autopilot reset
Resets the Pilot and returns all settings to factory defaults.
Warning: The Pilot will need to be commissioned before it is fit for
purpose. Do not engage the autopilot until it has been commissioned
and a sea trial has been completed.
Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 33
Reset to Factory
Resets the current display to the default settings. When the unit is restarted you will see the
original startup wizard asking you to set the display.
Warning: All settings for instrument and Pilot will be restored to factory default. The Pilot will need to be commissioned before use.
Simulator
Simulator mode sends simulated data to the display.
Warning: It is not advisable to enter simulator mode when using your
instrument system as a navigation aid.
Software Information
Shows the software version currently installed on the display. Press ‘Enter’ or the ‘Page’ key to
navigate back to the menu.
Diagnostics
Shows an overview of the data being transmitted on the network, The list shows the network
bus status, bus load as a percentage as well as quantity and type of data messages.
 Note: We recommend that you use this diagnostic tool as a basic overview of the network
status. For more detailed information it is suggested that you check the individual source
information via the device list.
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Setup | Triton Operator Manual
Autopilot
3
Overview
If a Pilot control system is installed and connected to the network then you will be able to see
the Pilot functionality on your display.
The autopilot is designed to maintain an accurate course in all sea conditions with minimal
movements to the rudder.
As the autopilot steers so accurately, it will get you to your destination faster and more
efficiently, especially when navigating to a waypoint or following a route.
All Pilot functionality and data can be accessed via the display but the Pilot Controller must be
installed to operate all of the Pilot core functions.
Operation
Warning: An autopilot is a very useful navigational aid, but DOES NOT
under any circumstances replace a human navigator!
Warning: Ensure the Pilot has been installed correctly, commissioned
and calibrated before use.
 Note: You can switch from Auto to Standby mode at anytime by pressing the Off key on the
Pilot controller.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not use automatic steering when:
In heavy traffic areas or in narrow waters
In poor visibility or extreme sea conditions
When in areas where use of autopilot is prohibited by law
When using an autopilot:
Do not leave the helm unattended
Do not place any magnetic material or equipment near heading sensor used in the autopilot
system
Verify at regular intervals course and position of vessel
Always switch to Standby mode and reduce speed in due time to avoid hazardous situations
Autopilot | Triton Operator Manual
| 35
Pilot Controller
Keys
The Pilot controller is operated by 7 keys, these are used to operate the pilot and adjust pilot
parameters.
Connectors
The Pilot controller is equipped with 1 Network connector at the rear.
Network
The pilot controller can be connected at any point on the network.
Keys
Function
Mode: Changes the Pilot mode.
When in Auto mode pressing the mode key will change the Pilot to
Wind mode. A long key press will change to Navigation mode which
will require confirmation via the display before it is engaged.
Off : Disengages the autopilot. Places the autopilot into Standby mode.
Left 1: Adjust the set course or wind angle 1 degree / steer to Port in
Non follow up mode. When pressed in Standby mode this will enter the
Pilot into Non Follow Up mode.
Right 1: Adjust the set course or wind angle 1 degree / steer to
Starboard in Non follow up mode. When pressed in Standby mode this
will enter the Pilot into Non Follow Up mode.
Left 10: Adjust the set course or wind angle 10 degrees / steer to Port in
Non follow up mode. When pressed in Standby mode this will enter the
Pilot into Non Follow Up mode.
Right 10: Adjust the set course or wind angle 10 degree / steer to
Starboard in Non follow up mode. When pressed in Standby mode this
will enter the Pilot into Non Follow Up mode.
Auto: Engage the autopilot / Acknowledge tack/gybe or navigation
course change.
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Autopilot| Triton Operator Manual
Turning the Pilot on / off
Engaging the Pilot
At anytime while the Pilot is disengaged press the ‘Auto’ key to engage the
Pilot. The Pilot will steer the boat on the current selected course.
Disengaging the Pilot
At any time the Pilot is engaged press the ‘Off ’ key to disengage the Pilot. The Pilot
will go into standby mode and you will be required to take manual control of the
helm.
Warning: In Standby mode pressing any of the directional keys will
engage the Pilot in Non follow up mode!
Autopilot operational modes
Below is a list of autopilot modes that can be initiated via the Pilot Control
Mode
Boat Type
Motor
Standby
Sail
Description
Required Input
Passive mode used when
manually steering the boat
at the helm
Keeps the boat on set
heading
Auto
Cancels the turn and
continues on the heading
read from the compass
Heading
Navigation
Steers the boat to a
specific waypoint location,
or through a route of
waypoints
Heading / Speed /
Position / Waypoint Route information
Wind
Steers the boat to maintain
the set wind angle
Heading / Speed /
Wind Angle
Non Follow Up
Steer the boat manually
using the Pilot Controller
Autopilot | Triton Operator Manual
| 37
Autopilot symbols
More Pilot modes are available via a compatible chart plotter connected to the network. Any
Pilot mode selected via the chartplotter will be shown on the display. Below is a list of Pilot
modes and their symbols accessible via the Pilot controller..
Mode Symbol
S
A
W
N
NFU
Function / Mode
Standby
Auto (Compass)
Wind
Navigation
Non Follow Up (Power steer)
 Note: The Pilot mode can be selected or changed at anytime via the display or compatible
chart plotter connected to the Network.
Selecting a Pilot mode
Press the ‘Auto’ key to activate the Pilot. Press the ‘Mode’ key for wind or long press for
navigation mode.
 Note: Wind mode can only be selected when the Pilot boat type is set to sail.
 Note: The Pilot must be in Auto mode before other modes can be selected.
 Note: Press the ‘Auto’ key to enter Auto mode or accept a tack/gybe or navigation course
change. Press the ‘Off’ key to place the Pilot into Standby mode.
3 SEC
 Note: The display will not update until the Pilot engages the new selected mode.
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Autopilot| Triton Operator Manual
Standby mode (Manual helm steering)
The autopilot must be in Standby mode when you steer the boat
at the helm.
You can switch the autopilot to Standby mode from any
operation by a short press on the ‘Off ’ key.
Auto mode (Compass steer mode)
When the ‘Auto’ key is pressed, the autopilot selects the current
boat heading as the set course. The autopilot will keep the boat
on the set course until a new mode is selected or a new course is
set with the ‘Course’ keys. Once the course is changed to a new set
course, the boat will automatically turn to the new heading and
maintain the new course.
 Note: The Pilot will continue to steer to the set heading until the
mode is changed or the Pilot is turned off (disengaged)
Pilot - Auto page
The wind display presents the following information:
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
1 Response mode
2 Pilot mode: A = Auto mode
3 Compass graphic (Heading)
4 Rudder angle graphic
5 Set Heading
6 Heading
7 Set heading indicator - Green = Starboard / Red = Port
8 Heading
Steering via the Pilot controller
Steer port,
1°/press
Steer port,
10°/press
Steer stbd.,
10°/press
Steer stbd.,
1°/press
Regain manual steering by pressing the ‘Off ’ Key
Autopilot | Triton Operator Manual
| 39
Wind mode
When the autopilot is set to Wind steer mode the Pilot uses the
current apparent wind angle and maintains that angle as the auto
steered course.
Press the ‘Mode’ key until the wind mode symbol is visible in the
mode field on the display.
The autopilot will keep the boat on that wind angle until a
new mode is selected or a new wind angle is set with the ‘Arrow’ keys. Once a new angle is
selected, the boat will auto steer to maintain the new angle.
Warning: In wind mode the autopilot steers to the apparent or true
wind angle and not to a compass heading. Any subsequent wind shift
could result in the vessel steering on a undesired course.
 Note: The Wind mode is only available if the system has been set up for SAIL-boat in the
Installation Menu.
Prior to entering Wind mode the Pilot system should be operating in Auto, with valid input
from the wind transducer.
Enter the Wind mode by pressing the ‘Auto’ key then the ‘Mode’ key until W appears in the top
left corner of the display.
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Autopilot| Triton Operator Manual
Pilot - Wind page
The wind display presents the following information:
1
2
3
5
6
7
8
4
1 Response mode
2 Pilot mode: W = Wind mode
3 Compass graphic (Heading)
4 Rudder angle graphic
5 Wind angle
6 Apparent / True Wind angle (depending on wind setting)
7 Set heading indicator - Green = Starboard / Red = Port
8 Heading
The set heading and set wind angle are entered from the compass heading and the
masthead unit at the moment the Wind mode is selected. From that point the autopilot will
change the course to maintain the wind angle as the wind direction may change.
 Note: If the cumulative shift of the wind direction exceeds a set limit a Wind SHIFT alarm will
sound.
Tacking in Wind mode
Tacking in Wind mode can be performed when sailing with apparent or true wind as the
reference; the true wind angle should be less than 90 degrees.
The tacking operation will immediately mirror the set wind angle on the opposite tack. A tack
window will appear on the display. The rate of turn during the tack will be given by the Tack
time parameter set in the Setup/Sailing menu. The tack time is also controlled by the speed of
the boat to prevent loss of speed during a tack.
Autopilot | Triton Operator Manual
| 41
Tack & Gybe in wind mode
To tack or gybe in wind mode press both 1º course keys on the Pilot controller.
When you enter a command to tack in wind mode a pop up will appear on screen asking you
to confirm the desired action. Press ‘Enter’ to accept.
Pressing ‘Enter’ on the display or ‘Auto’ on the Pilot controller will activate the tack/gybe
function and the boat will start turning to the opposite wind angle.
 Note: To cancel the tack/gybe request, press the ‘Off’ key on the Pilot controller or select
cancel using the display. If neither Tack or Cancel is selected the tack/gybe pop up will close
after 10 seconds and return to the Pilot display and the requested tack/gybe will not be
initiated.
 Note: The Pilot will add a 5 degree bear away on the new wind angle until the boat has
completed the tack. When the target boat is up to speed on the new tack the wind angle will
revert to mirror the previous tack.
Non follow up mode
Whilst in Standby mode, pressing any of the port or starboard keys will move the rudder to
your desired angle and change the pilot mode to Non Follow Up.
 Note: The pilot will remain in Non Follow Up mode until it is turned off or a new mode is
selected.
Navigation mode (Steer to waypoint)
Navigation mode will require a compatible chart plotter connected to the network for it to be
an available mode. Once Navigation mode is selected it will steer the autopilot to the active
waypoint on the chartplotter.
Long press the ‘Mode’ key until the Nav mode symbol is visible in the mode field on the
display.
 Note: When navigation steer mode is selected a pop up message will appear. You will need
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Autopilot| Triton Operator Manual
to select Yes to confirm before navigation steer mode will be engaged.
Pilot - Navigation page
The Navigation display presents the following information:
1
2
3
5
6
7
8
4
1 Response mode
2 Pilot mode: N = Navigation mode
3 Compass graphic (Heading)
4 Rudder angle graphic
5 Bearing to waypoint
6 Heading
7 Set heading indicator - Green = Starboard / Red = Port
8 Heading
The Pilot has the capability to use steering information from an external navigator (GPS, chart
plotter) to direct the boat to a specific waypoint location, or through a route of waypoints.
The information received from the navigator automatically changes the course to steer to
keep the boat on the rhumb line and direct the Pilot to the destination waypoint.
 Note: If the Pilot is connected to a chart plotter that does not transmit a message with
bearing to next waypoint, it will steer on Cross Track Error (XTE) only. In that case you have to
revert to Auto mode at each waypoint and manually change set course to equal bearing to
next waypoint and then select Nav mode again.
To obtain satisfactory navigation steering, the following points must be fulfilled prior to
entering the Navigation mode:
•
•
•
The Pilot’s autosteering must be tested and determined satisfactory
The chart plotter (GPS, chart plotter) must be in full operating mode with adequate satellite
coverage.
At least one waypoint must be entered and selected as the current Go to waypoint
 Note: The data source when operating in Navigation mode is the Navigation (Nav) source. It is
normally the same as the Position source (GPS/chart plotter)
 Note: Navigational steering should only be used in open waters. When selecting Navigation
mode, the Pilot maintains the current set course and prompts the user to accept the course
change towards the destination waypoint.
Press ‘Auto’ then long press the ‘Mode’ key until Nav is selected.
Autopilot | Triton Operator Manual
| 43
The prompt display shows the name of the next waypoint, the bearing of the rhumb linefrom the previous waypoint to the destination waypoint, the required course change and the
direction in which the boat will turn.
 Note: If only one waypoint has been entered the bearing will be from the boat’s position to
the destination waypoint.
 Note: For Cross Track Error, the number of decimals shown depends on the output from the
GPS/chart plotter. Three decimals give more accurate course keeping.
When operating the Pilot in Navigation mode to steer through a route of waypoints, the Pilot
will steer to the nearest waypoint in the direction of the route after you accept the Navigation
mode prompt. When you arrive at the waypoint, the system will output an audible warning,
display an alert screen with the new course information, and automatically change course
onto the new leg.
 Note: If the required course change is more than the Navigation change limit (default 10º),
you have to verify that the upcoming course change is acceptable. This is a safety feature. See
Nav change limit on how to change this setting.
Alert warning
An alert screen will warn you that the course change is greater than 10º. Press ‘Enter’ to
confirm the course change,.
Pilot - Non Follow Up page
The Non Follow Up display presents the following information:
1
2
3
4
1 Response mode
2 Pilot mode: NFU = Non Follow Up mode
3 Compass graphic (Heading)
4 Rudder angle graphic
5 Wind angle
6 Apparent / True Wind angle (depending on wind setting)
7 Heading
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Autopilot| Triton Operator Manual
5
6
7
4
Autopilot settings
Installation menu
Warning: The installation settings must be performed as part of the
commissioning of the Pilot system. Failure to do so correctly may prohibit the Pilot from functioning properly! The Installation menu can only
be accessed in Standby mode.
 Note: Some important points regarding the installation settings:
• When the Pilot is delivered from factory and ANY TIME AFTER AN AUTOPILOT RESET HAS
BEEN PERFORMED, the installation settings are all reset to factory preset (default) values. The
automatic interface prompt will appear and a complete setup has to be made.
• The Sea trial settings are dependent on successful completion of the Dockside settings.
 Note: If you select the Pilot page and the Pilot has not been commissioned you can go
straight to the commissioning page by selecting Setup.
Commissioning
Before the Pilot can be used you must first commission it and complete all of the dockside
procedures before it is operational.
Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 45
Dockside
The dockside procedures are initiated from the commissioning dialog. Completed procedures
are labelled with a tick.
The following menu items are accessible and can be set up in the Installation menu:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Boat type
Rudder feedback
Drive voltage
Drive engage
Rudder test
Depth calibration
Minimum wind angle
Nav change limit
Boat Type
Type of boat selected will affect the steering parameters, and the functions available in the
autopilot system. The options are: Planing, Displacement, Sail and Outboard.
 Note: Wind mode is only available if boat type is set to sail.
Drive voltage (V)
Sets the drive voltage type to 12 or 24V
Rudder Feedback Calibration
Make sure the unit is installed and aligned as per instruction in the AC12/42 Installation
manual. The rudder feedback calibration will set the correct relationship between the physical
rudder movement and the rudder angle readout.
Max starboard
• Manually move the helm to starboard until the rudder stops at starboard lock hard over.
• The Max starboard angle is the angle read by the rudder feedback unit before any
adjustment is made.
• If the actual rudder angle is different from the angle displayed, correct the reading with the
Up/Down keys.
• Confirm Rudder feedback calibration to starboard by selecting Next.
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Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
Max port
• Manually move the helm to port until the rudder stops at port lock hard over.
• Adjust the displayed angle the same way as for starboard rudder.
• Confirm Rudder feedback calibration to port by selecting Next.
 Note: Many boats have ±45° (90° H.O. - H.O.) rudder angle as standard. So if you are not going
to make any adjustment to the displayed angle you should still highlight the reading and
confirm. This is necessary to prevent the rudder from hitting the end stops.
Set Rudder to 0 (zero)
Bring the rudder to midship position and confirm. This will adjust an incorrect reading caused
by misalignment of the rudder feedback unit.
Rudder Test
 Note: If the boat uses power assisted steering, it is important that the engine or electric
motor used to enable the power assist steering be turned on prior to this test.
Warning: Stand CLEAR of the wheel and do not attempt to take manual control of
the wheel during this test!
Bring the rudder manually to midship position before starting the test.
After a few seconds the autopilot Computer will issue a series of PORT and STBD rudder
commands and automatically verify correct rudder direction.
It detects minimum power to drive the rudder and reduces the rudder speed if it exceeds the
maximum preferred speed (8°/sec.) for autopilot operation.
The Rudder test is verified by the display showing Completed Rev. motor, Completed
Solenoids, or Failed. If Failed is given, check for correct electrical connection.
Also refer to ”Alarms”
Rudder drive
Ensure that the rudder information is set correctly before you continue with the Dockside
commissioning.
Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 47
Drive voltage (V)
Sets the drive voltage to the type installed on the vessel 12 or 24V
Drive engage
Drive engage has the following settings: Auto and Clutch.
Clutch:
This is the default setting and it allows you to steer the boat from the helm when in Standby
mode. A clutch will be engaged on the drive unit locking out the steering when Auto is
selected.
Auto:
This setting is implemented for future use. Always use the Clutch (default) setting.
Motor output
The Motor output (displayed as a percentage) is the amount of available power needed
to achieve correct rudder speed on automatic steering (Maximum speed is used in NFU
mode). This setting will allow you to adjust the rudder speed to be different from the one
automatically set in the rudder test.
Rudder deadband
The rudder deadband function is adaptive and is continuously updating. It prevents the
rudder from hunting and the adaptive function optimizes the deadband to the speed of the
boat and the load on the rudder.
If the auto-setting does not perform properly due to high inertia from the wheel, it can be
adjusted manually.
Find the lowest possible value that will prevent the rudder from continuous hunting. A wide
deadband will cause inaccurate steering. It is recommended to check rudder stability in Auto
mode when the boat is moving to get pressure on the rudder.
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Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
Sea trial
After completing the Pilot calibration and all settings in the installation menu, you will need
to perform a final sea trial.
 Note: The sea trial should be conducted in open waters at a safe distance from other traffic.
• Steer the boat on all cardinal headings in Auto mode
• Start with low and medium speeds to get familiar with the response from the Pilot
• Verify the Hi/Lo transition and the effect of Lo and Hi parameter settings
• Check the effect of the Response adjust
• Set waypoints into each navigator connected to the system, and verify that the Pilot steers in
Navigation mode for each Navigation source
• If the boat is a sailboat use the Wind mode and engage the Pilot at different wind angles.
• If the rudder response feels aggressive during the sea trial, you may want to reduce the
rudder speed to get a smoother steering. On a sailboat you may want to have a higher rudder
speed when running downwind.
• The motor Drive Out can be set with the above in mind. Never adjust in more than 10%
steps with respect to the reading set during the automatic rudder test. Always perform a new
Autotune after the adjustment.
Transition speed
The Transition speed is the speed at which the Pilot will automatically change the steering
parameter set from Hi to Lo parameters, or vice versa.
 Note: The default setting of the Transition speed is 6 knots
On power boats it is recommended that you set the Transition speed to represent the speed
where the hull begins to plane or the speed where you change from slow to cruising speed.
On sailboats the Transition speed should be set to 3-4 knots to give the best response in a
tack.
The speed used for the automatic transition is obtained with the following priority:
1. Speed through water from the speed log source.
2. Speed Over Ground (SOG) from the GPS/chart plotter.
Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 49
Autotune
Autotune is a feature that automatically sets the most important steering parameters (Rudder
and Counter Rudder) by taking the boat through a number of S-turns. The scaling factors of
the parameters are also set automatically as a function of the boat type selection performed
in the Dockside menu.
The automatic tuning process is also verifying/adjusting the Rudder zero alignment made in
Dockside setup. Automatic tuning is a procedure that is not required for the Pilot to function
as it is preset with steering parameters that should steer most boats in the 30 - 50 foot range.
Recommended speed during Automatic tuning should not exceed 10 knots. It should be
performed in calm or moderate sea conditions. For displacement boats use a speed that is
approximately half the normal cruising speed (i.e. if cruising speed is 10 knots, perform the
Autotune at about 5 knots).
Select Autotune to begin the tuning process. Select yes to confirm Autotune.
After the Autotune has been completed the rudder must be controlled manually, as the
autopilot has returned to Standby mode. The Automatic tuning function will take control of
the boat and perform a number of S-turns.
 Note: Autotune must always be performed in open waters at a safe distance from other
traffic. The Automatic tuning function may take from 2 to 3 minutes to complete. To stop the
Autotune, press the ‘Enter’ key.
After the Autotune process has been completed, a tick will appear next to the Autotune tab
and there should be no need for further adjustments. Fine tuning of these parameters are
made by the response control, however, viewing or changing the parameters can be made in
Auto mode by entering Installation in the Main menu.
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Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
Pilot response
The Autotune function is so refined that the majority of boats will need no further
adjustments of the steering parameters. On some boats, however, in particular sea conditions
a fine tuning of the steering parameters may improve the performance of the autopilot.
The Response control allows you to make this fine tuning for each of the two (Hi/Lo)
parameter sets. The response can be set to nine levels. Level 4 is default with parameter values
as set by the Autotune function. If no Autotune is made (not recommended) the level 4 values
are the factory default values.
•
•
•
A low response level reduces the rudder activity and provides a more loose steering.
A high response level increases the rudder activity and provides a more tight steering.
Response level too high will make the boat start S-ing.
When you access the RESPONSE page the highlighted Response parameter is the one that is
active.
 Note: Adjustment of Hi and Lo values can be performed even with the boat out of the water.
Selection of Hi / Lo parameters
The Manual select item has three alternatives:
Auto – Hi – Lo.
•
•
Auto is automatically set by speed input
Hi or Lo must be set manually when there is no speed input
The sub-headline in the display shows the active parameter set and how it is
selected.
Wind response
Verify that the difference between Set Heading and the actual heading is at an acceptable
minimum.
If the difference between the set wind angle and the actual wind angle is too high, increase
the Wind response to reduce the difference.
If the actual wind angle is S-ing around the set wind angle, or the rudder activity is too high,
the Wind response should be reduced.
Range
Change per step
Default
1-9
1
4
Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 51
Sea state filter
The Seastate filter is used to reduce rudder activity and autopilot sensitivity in rough weather.
Off :
Seastate filter is disabled. This is default.
Auto:
Reduces rudder activity and autopilot sensitivity in rough weather by an
adaptive process. The Auto setting is recommended if you want to use the
Seastate filter.
Manual
Linked to the Response control setting in the Main menu. It may be used to
manually find the optimum combination of course keeping and low rudder
activity in rough but steady sea conditions.
Sailing
Set how the Pilot will respond when it is set for use with a sail boat.
 Note: Sailing is only available in the menu if Boat type is set to Sail in the Installation menu
Tack time
When performing a tack in Wind mode, the rate of turn (tack time) can be adjusted. This will
give single-handed sailors time to handle the boat and the sails during a tack.
A turn performed without shifting wind side, will also be made at a controlled turn rate.
Range
Change per step
Default
Units
2 - 50
1
12
Second
Tack angle
In Wind function Auto mode the set tack angle replaces a similar change of the set course
using the starboard and port keys.
Range
Change per step
Default
Units
50 - 150
1
100
º
Wind function
With Wind function set to auto, the autopilot will automatically select between apparent and
true wind steering. Auto is default and recommended for cruising. When the boat is running,
it will also be surfing on the waves. This may lead to significant changes in boat speed, hence
changes in apparent wind angle. True wind steering is therefore used when running, while
steering to apparent wind is used when beating or reaching.
When sailing in closed waters, the apparent wind angle may change temporarily due to gusts.
It may then be preferred to sail to; select True.
52 |
Range
Default
Auto - Apparent - True
Auto
Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
VMG optimizing
Optimizing the VMG to wind will be active for 5–10 minutes after a new wind angle has been
set and only when beating.
Range
Default
On - Off
On
Layline steering
Layline steering is useful when navigating. Cross Track Error (XTE) from the navigator will keep
the boat on the rhumb line. If the XTE from the navigator exceeds 0.15 nm, the autopilot will
calculate the layline and track towards the waypoint.
XTE will be displayed in the upper left corner above the mode index when layline steering is
active
Range
Default
Off - On
Off
Automatic steering
The Automatic steering menu contains steering parameters for compass steering, wind
steering and nav steering. These steering parameters can be changed if needed to improve
sailing performance.
From this menu you can set the transition speed, high and low boat speed parameters to
account for changes in boat speed, rudder angle, wind and compass settings.
Transition speed
The Transition speed is the speed at which the Pilot will automatically change the steering
parameter set from Hi to Lo parameters, or vice versa.
 Note: The default setting of the Transition speed is 6 knots
High
High value parameters for automatic steering at low speed and when running with a sailboat.
Low
Low value parameters for automatic steering at high speed and when sailing into the wind or
reaching with a sailboat.
 Note: The two most important parameters that determine the performance of the automatic
steering are Rudder Gain and Counter Rudder.
Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
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Rudder
Sets the rudder gain which is the ratio between the commanded angle and the heading error.
•
•
•

Too little rudder
Set Course
Too much rudder
Set Course
Too little Rudder and the autopilot fails to keep a steady course
Too much Rudder gives unstable steering and reduces speed
Low speed requires more rudder than high speed
Note: See also “Minimum Rudder”
Counter rudder
Counter Rudder is the parameter that counteracts the effect of the boat’s turn rate and inertia.
For a short time period it is superimposed on the proportional rudder response caused by the
heading error. It may sometimes appear as if it tends to make the rudder move to the wrong
side (counter rudder).
The best way of checking the value of the Counter Rudder setting is when making turns. The
figures illustrate the effects of various Counter Rudder settings.
Counter rudder
setting too low
= Overshoot
response
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Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
New course
New course
Counter rudder
setting too high
= Sluggish and
creeping response
New course
Correct setting of
counter rudder,
ideal response
Autotrim
Autotrim standard value is 40 seconds which should work well on most boats.
Rule of thumb: Set to same value (seconds) as the boat’s length in feet.
 Note: On boats operating on VRF it is set to 20 seconds as default.
Rate limit
Should be kept at 6.0°/second unless there is a need for more rapid response in turns.
Minimum rudder
Some boats may have a tendency to not respond to small rudder commands around a set
course because of a small rudder, rudder deadband or Whirls/disturbance of the water-stream
passing the rudder. Turning the Minimum Rudder function on, may improve the course
keeping performance on some boats, but will increase the rudder activity.
Range
Change per step
Default
Units
Off - 5
0.1
Off
º
 Note: During the sea trial, only set Minimum Rudder to ON if it proves to give a better course
keeping performance in calm sea. It should be set after the Autotune has been performed
and a possible fine tune of the Rudder parameter.
Minimum wind angle Port / Starboard
The Minimum wind angle is the apparent wind angle that the boat sails to when close hauled.
This parameter will vary from boat to boat.
Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
| 55
The Minimum wind angle applies for the tack-prevent function. It also applies when the
autopilot is operating in WindNAV mode.
You can select different minimum wind angles for port and starboard. The difference between
port and starboard will be taken into account when calculating the Distance To Turn (DTT).
Range
Change per step
Default
Units
15 - 90
1
30
º
Navigation change limit
In Navigation mode, when the required course change to next waypoint in a route is more
than the set limit, you are prompted to verify that the upcoming course change is acceptable.
The limit is adjustable.
 Note: Nav change limit screen can also be reached from the Nav mode main screen by
pressing the ‘Menu’ key followed by the ‘Mode’ key within 2 seconds.
Range
Change per step
Default
Units
10 - 30
10
10
º
Reset
Resets the Pilot to factory settings.
Warning: all previous Pilot settings will be lost! Before engaging the Pilot the commissioning and calibration process must be completed.
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Autopilot Setup | Triton Operator Manual
5
Maintenance
General maintenance
The instruments are repair by replacement units, and the operator is therefore required to
perform only a very limited amount of preventive maintenance.
If the unit requires any form of cleaning, use fresh water and a mild soap solution (not a
detergent). It is important to avoid using chemical cleaners and hydrocarbons such as diesel,
petrol etc.
Always put on the weather cover when the unit is not in use.
Checking the keys
Make sure that no keys are stuck in the down position.
Checking the connectors
The connectors should be checked by visual inspection only. Ensure that cables are
connected correctly and any unused terminals are protected.
Software upgrade
To find out the latest version of software available for your display go to the B&G website
www.bandg.com
To verify what software you are currently running go to the software information page on
your display.
Maintenance | Triton Operator Manual
| 57
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Maintenance | Triton Operator Manual
6
Specifications
Technical specifications
Declarations and conformance
This equipment is intended for use in international waters as well as coastal sea areas administered by countries of the E.U. and E.E.A. For more information refer to the separate Triton
Installation manual.
Display
Weight
Power consumption
Network load
Colour
Display
Size
Type
Resolution
Illumination
Environmental Protection
Safe distance to compass
Temperature
Operating
Storage
0.28 kg (0.6 lbs)
155 mA at 13.5V
Maximum 10 Triton displays
Black
4.1” (Diagonal) 4:3 Aspect ratio
Transmissive TFT-LCD - White LED back-light
320 x 240 pixels
White (day mode) / Red (night mode)
IPX7
0.3 m (1.0 ft.)
0 to +55 ºC (+32 to +130 ºF)
-30 to +70 ºC (-22 to +158 ºF)
Pilot Controller
Weight
Power consumption
Colour
Environmental Protection
Safe distance to compass
Temperature
Operating
Storage
Specifications | Triton Operator Manual
0.14 kg (0.3 lbs)
145 mA at 13.5V / 45 mA at 13.5V No backlight
Black
IPX7
0.3 m (1.0 ft.)
0 to +55 ºC (+32 to +130 ºF)
-30 to +70 ºC (-22 to +158 ºF)
| 59
Dimensional drawings
Display
118 mm (4.65")
MUX
18.9 mm (0.74")
Pilot controller
18.0 mm (0.71")
88.0 mm (3.46")
115.0 mm (4.52")
60.0 mm (2.36")
15.3 mm (0.60")
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Specifications | Triton Operator Manual
85 mm (3.35")
115 mm (4.53")
84 mm (3.31")
17 mm (0.67")
Menu flow chart
Main
Menu
Timer
Level 2
Level 3
Level 4
Nearest full minute
Timer setup
Start value
Start trip on running
Start timer
Reset timer
Log
Start / Stop trip
Reset trip & timer
Alarms
On / Off
Pages
Basic speed / depth
Wind composite
Replace page
Basic windº / speed
Change data
Steering
Enable page
Depth history
Include in auto scroll
GPS
Auto scroll settings
Highway
Select page format
Start auto scroll
Scroll time
Autopilot
Setup
Display setup
Lighting zone
Select group
Night mode
Lighting level
Standby
Calibration
Boat speed
SOG reference
Distance reference
Depth
Sea temperature
Apparent wind
Compass heading
Rudder feedback
Baro pressure
Time & Date
Date format
Time format
Local time
Units
Depth
Speed
Temperature
Wind speed
Heading
Distance
Pressure
Specifications | Triton Operator Manual
| 61
Main
Menu
Setup
Level 2
Language
Level 3
Level 4
English (US)
English (UK)
Francais
Espanol
Deutsch
Italiano
Display mode
Instruments only
Pilot only
Pilot when engaged
Boat type
Power boat
Sail boat
Advanced settings
Sources
Auto select
Compass
Navigation
Position
Apparent wind
Boat speed
Sea temperature
Distance log
Depth
Rudder feedback
Barometric pressure
Battery
Device list
Model ID / Serial No.
Diagnostics
Damping
Boat speed
True wind
Apparent wind
Heading
Decimal places
Speed
Sea temperature
Magnetic variation
Use COG as heading
Use SOG as B’ speed
Sounds
Keypress sound
Alarm sound
System
Network reset
Autopilot reset
Reset to factory
Simulator
Software information
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Specifications | Triton Operator Manual
Main
Menu
Pilot
Level 2
Level 3
Level 4
Pilot response
Sea state filter
Sailing
Automatic steering
Transition speed
High
Rudder
Counter rudder
Auto trim
Rate limit
Low
Rudder
Counter rudder
Auto trim
Rate limit
Minimum rudder
Min Windº starboard
Min Windº port
Nav change limit
Installation
Commissioning
Dockside
Sea trial
Rudder drive
Reset
Specifications | Triton Operator Manual
| 63