Chevrolet 2007 Optra Specifications

2007 Chevrolet Optra Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ....................... 7
Front Seats .............................................. 9
Rear Seats ............................................. 16
Safety Belts ............................................ 18
Child Restraints ...................................... 38
Airbag System ........................................ 66
Restraint System Check
......................... 84
Features and Controls ................................ 87
Keys ....................................................... 89
Doors and Locks .................................... 95
Windows ............................................... 100
Theft-Deterrent Systems
....................... 103
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ....... 105
M
Mirrors .................................................. 123
Storage Areas
...................................... 126
Sunroof
................................................ 131
Instrument Panel .......................................
Instrument Panel Overview ...................
Climate Controls ...................................
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
..........................................
Audio System(s) ...................................
133
136
155
161
178
Driving Your Vehicle ................................. 205
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
..................................... 206
Towing
................................................. 241
1
Service and Appearance Care ..................
Service .................................................
Fuel ......................................................
Checking Things Under the Hood .........
Headlamp Aiming
.................................
Bulb Replacement
................................
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement .....................................
Tires .....................................................
Appearance Care ..................................
Vehicle Identification .............................
2
245
248
251
256
290
290
302
303
335
344
Electrical System ..................................
Capacities and Specifications ................
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts ............................
Maintenance Schedule ..............................
Maintenance Schedule ..........................
Customer Assistance Information .............
Customer Assistance and Information .....
Reporting Safety Defects ......................
345
352
353
355
356
387
388
405
Index .......................................................... 409
This manual describes features that may be
available in this model, but your vehicle may not
have all of them. For example, more than one
entertainment system may be offered or your
vehicle may have been ordered without a front
passenger or rear seats.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, and the CHEVROLET Emblem are
registered trademarks; and the name OPTRA
is a trademark of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the
time it was printed. We reserve the right to
make changes after that time without further
notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute
the name “General Motors of Canada Limited”
for Chevrolet Motor Division whenever it appears
in this manual.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 15876626 A First Printing
©
Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there
if it is needed while you are on the road. If the
vehicle is sold, leave this manual in the vehicle.
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be
obtained from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
2006 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
3
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from
beginning to end when they first receive their new
vehicle. If this is done, it can help you learn
about the features and controls for the vehicle.
Pictures and words work together in the
owner manual to explain things.
Index
A good place to quickly locate information about
the vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual.
It is an alphabetical list of what is in the manual
and the page number where it can be found.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
There are a number of safety cautions in this
book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to
tell about things that could hurt you if you were to
ignore the warning.
4
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could
hurt you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or
reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions.
If you do not, you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a
circle with a slash
through it in this book.
This safety symbol
means “Do Not,” “Do
Not do this” or “Do Not
let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along
with the text describing the operation or information
relating to a specific component, control, message,
gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something
that could damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage
the vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could
be costly. But the notice will tell what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage, or indicator, reference the
following topics:
• Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
• Features and Controls in Section 2
• Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
• Climate Controls in Section 3
• Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in
Section 3
• Audio System(s) in Section 3
• Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
6
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ..................................................... 9
Manual Seats
(With Sliding Storage Tray) ........................ 9
Manual Seats
(Without Sliding Storage Tray) ................. 10
Driver Seat Tilt Adjuster .............................. 11
Manual Lumbar ........................................... 12
Reclining Seatbacks .................................... 12
Head Restraints .......................................... 15
Rear Seats .................................................... 16
Rear Seat Operation ................................... 16
Safety Belts .................................................. 18
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ........... 18
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ............................................. 22
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............. 23
Driver Position ............................................. 23
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment ................. 31
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy .............. 32
Right Front Passenger Position ................... 32
Rear Seat Passengers ................................ 33
Center Rear Passenger Position
(Hatchback Only) ..................................... 36
Safety Belt Pretensioners ............................ 37
Safety Belt Extender ................................... 37
Child Restraints ............................................ 38
Older Children ............................................. 38
Infants and Young Children ......................... 41
Child Restraint Systems .............................. 45
Where to Put the Restraint .......................... 50
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH) .................................... 51
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ................................... 59
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position ......................... 62
7
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Airbag System .............................................. 66
Where Are the Airbags? .............................. 69
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................. 71
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ................... 73
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ................... 73
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates? ........................................ 74
Passenger Sensing System ......................... 76
8
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ...... 82
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .......................... 83
Restraint System Check ............................... 84
Checking the Restraint Systems .................. 84
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ........................................... 85
Front Seats
Manual Seats
(With Sliding Storage Tray)
If your vehicle has a sliding storage tray under the
front seat, the manual seat lever looks like this.
Pull up and hold the
lever located under the
front of the seat to
unlock it.
{CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you
try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while
the vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and confuse you,
or make you push a pedal when you do
not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only
when the vehicle is not moving.
Slide the seat to where you want it and release
the lever. Then try to move the seat with your
body, to make sure the seat is locked into place.
9
Manual Seats
(Without Sliding Storage Tray)
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle does not have a sliding storage tray
under the front seat, the manual seat bar looks
like this.
Pull up and hold the bar
located under the front of
the seat to unlock it.
You can lose control of the vehicle if you
try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while
the vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and confuse you,
or make you push a pedal when you do
not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only
when the vehicle is not moving.
Slide the seat to where you want it and release
the bar. Then try to move the seat with your body,
to make sure the seat is locked into place.
10
Driver Seat Tilt Adjuster
Turn the front knob to adjust the tilt of the front
portion of the seat cushion. Turn the rear knob to
adjust the tilt of the rear portion of the seat
cushion.
The manual drivers seat tilt adjuster knobs are
located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.
11
Manual Lumbar
Your vehicle may have manually operated lumbar
support for the driver’s seat.
Reclining Seatbacks
{CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you
try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while
the vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and confuse you,
or make you push a pedal when you do
not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only
when the vehicle is not moving.
{CAUTION:
To adjust the front seat lumbar support, use the
lever located on the outboard side of the seatback.
Push the lever down to adjust the support for
the lower part of the seatback. Pull the lever up to
return the support to its original position.
12
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
To recline the seatback, do the following:
1. Lift the recline lever.
2. Move the seatback to the desired position,
then release the lever to lock the seatback
in place.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
To return the seatback to an upright position, do
the following:
The seats have manual reclining seatbacks.
The lever used to operate them is located on the
outboard side of the seats.
1. Lift the lever fully without applying pressure to
the seatback and the seatback will return to
the upright position.
2. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
13
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your
vehicle is in motion can be dangerous.
Even if you buckle up, your safety belts
cannot do their job when you are reclined
like this.
The shoulder belt cannot do its job
because it will not be against your body.
Instead, it will be in front of you. In a
crash, you could go into it, receiving neck
or other injuries.
The lap belt cannot do its job either. In a
crash, the belt could go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at your pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is
in motion, have the seatback upright.
Then sit well back in the seat and wear
your safety belt properly.
Do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
14
Head Restraints
Pull the head restraint up to raise it. To lower the
restraint, press the button, located on the top
of the seatback, and push the restraint down.
Adjust the head restraint so that the top of the
restraint is at the same height as the top of
the occupant’s head. This position reduces the
chances of a neck injury in a crash.
The rear seat head restraints may be adjustable
and work the same as the front head restraints.
The head restraints are removable. To remove a
restraint, press the button, located on the top
of the seatback, and lift the head restraint from the
guide sleeve. Replace the head restraint before
driving.
15
Rear Seats
Rear Seat Operation
3. Press the release
button located on
top of the rear
seatback.
Your vehicle has rear seatbacks that can be
folded down to provide an extended cargo area.
To fold down the seatback, do the following:
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to
the seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
1. Push the rear head restraints down
completely.
2. Detach the safety belt in the rear center seat
position. Press the button in the buckle to
release the latch plate from the buckle.
16
4. Fold the rear seatback forward and down.
To return the seatback to the upright position,
do the following:
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
1. Lift the seatback up and push firmly on the
top of the seatback until it latches securely
in the fully upright position.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed,
not properly attached, or twisted will not
provide the protection needed in a crash.
The person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After raising the rear
seatback, always check to be sure that the
safety belts are properly routed and
attached, and are not twisted.
2. Make sure that the safety belts are not twisted
or caught under the seatback.
3. Reattach the rear center safety belt. Push the
latch plate at the end of the safety belt strap
into the buckle with the release button
until the mechanism clicks. Make sure the
strap is not twisted. The sliding latch
plate should face the front of the vehicle.
17
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use
safety belts properly. It also tells you some things
you should not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where he or she
cannot wear a safety belt properly. If you
are in a crash and you are not wearing a
safety belt, your injuries can be much
worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be
seriously injured or killed. In the same
crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety
belt, and check that your passengers’
belts are fastened properly too.
18
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a
cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle.
In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or
killed. Do not allow people to ride in any
area of your vehicle that is not equipped
with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and
using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up.
See Safety Belt
Reminder Light on
page 164.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the
law says to wear safety belts. Here is why:
They work.
You never know if you will be in a crash. If you do
have a crash, you do not know if it will be a
bad one.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast
as it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be
so serious that even buckled up, a person
would not survive. But most crashes are in
between. In many of them, people who buckle up
can survive and sometimes walk away. Without
belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.
After more than 40 years of safety belts in
vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes
buckling up does matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a
seat on wheels.
19
Put someone on it.
20
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle.
The rider does not stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by
something. In a real vehicle, it could be the
windshield...
or the instrument panel...
21
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a
safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a
safety belt, even if you are upside down. And
your chance of being conscious during and
after an accident, so you can unbuckle and get
out, is much greater if you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I
have to wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle
does. You get more time to stop. You stop
over more distance, and your strongest bones
take the forces. That is why safety belts
make such good sense.
22
A: Airbags are supplemental systems only; so
they work with safety belts — not instead of
them. Every airbag system ever offered
for sale has required the use of safety belts.
Even if you are in a vehicle that has airbags,
you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That is true not only in frontal
collisions, but especially in side and other
collisions.
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive far
from home, why should I wear safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are
in an accident — even one that is not your
fault — you and your passengers can be hurt.
Being a good driver does not protect you
from things beyond your control, such as
bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of
serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of
less than 40 mph (65 km/h).
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know
about safety belts and children. And there
are different rules for smaller children and babies.
If a child will be riding in your vehicle, see
Older Children on page 38 or Infants and Young
Children on page 41. Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
First, you will want to know which restraint
systems your vehicle has.
We will start with the driver position.
Safety belts are for everyone.
Driver Position
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
23
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the
belt across you very quickly. If this happens,
let the belt go back slightly to unlock it.
Then pull the belt across you more slowly.
24
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure. If the belt is not long enough,
see Safety Belt Extender on page 37.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the
height that is right for you. Improper shoulder
belt height adjustment could reduce the
effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash.
See Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment
on page 31.
6. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder belt. It may be necessary to pull
stitching on the safety belt through the latch
plate to fully tighten the lap belt on smaller
occupants.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a
crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones.
And you would be less likely to slide under the lap
belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at
your abdomen. This could cause serious or even
fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the
shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop
or crash.
25
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give
nearly as much protection this way.
26
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your lap belt
is too loose. In a crash, you could slide
under the lap belt and apply force at your
abdomen. This could cause serious or
even fatal injuries. The lap belt should be
worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs.
A: The lap belt is too loose. It will not give nearly
as much protection this way.
27
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a
crash, the belt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at the pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries. Always buckle
your belt into the buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
28
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear
the shoulder belt under your arm. In a
crash, your body would move too far
forward, which would increase the chance
of head and neck injury. Also, the belt
would apply too much force to the ribs,
which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure
internal organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It
should be worn over the shoulder at all times.
29
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted
belt. In a crash, you would not have the
full width of the belt to spread impact
forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight
so it can work properly, or ask your dealer
to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
30
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
height adjuster to the height that is right for you.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of
the belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt
should be away from your face and neck, but not
falling off your shoulder. Improper shoulder
belt height adjustment could reduce the
effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash.
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
To move it down, press
the release button (A)
and move the height
adjuster to the desired
position.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out
of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can
damage both the belt and your vehicle.
After you move the height adjuster to where you
want it, try to move it down without pressing
the release button to make sure it has locked into
position.
31
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely
to be seriously injured if they do not wear
safety belts.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it
is more likely that the fetus will not be hurt
in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone,
the key to making safety belts effective is wearing
them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the
same way as the driver’s safety belt. To learn how
to wear the right front passenger’s safety belt
properly see, Driver Position on page 23.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder
belt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as
possible, below the rounding, throughout the
pregnancy.
32
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It is very important for rear seat passengers to
buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted
people in the rear seat are hurt more often in
crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.
All rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here is how to wear a lap-shoulder belt properly.
Rear passengers who are not safety belted
can be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And
they can strike others in the vehicle who are
wearing safety belts.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let
the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull
the belt across you more slowly.
33
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it
clicks. Be sure you are using the correct
buckle and that the latch plate clicks when
inserted into the buckle.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure. If the belt is not long enough,
see Safety Belt Extender on page 37.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder part.
34
The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and
across the chest. These parts of the body are
best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or
a crash.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In
a crash this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you would be less likely to slide under
the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would
apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries.
35
Center Rear Passenger Position
(Hatchback Only)
If you have a hatchback model, your vehicle has a
retractable safety belt in the center rear seating
position.
Here is how to use the center rear safety belt.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the
buckle.
36
1. Pull the center rear safety belt from the
retractor.
2. Push the latch plate at the end of the safety
belt strap into the buckle with the black
release button until the mechanism clicks.
Make sure the safety belt webbing is
not twisted. The sliding latch plate will face
the front of the vehicle.
3. Pick up the sliding latch plate and pull the belt
across you. Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let
the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull
the belt across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the red buckle
marked CENTER.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle,
tilt the latch plate and keep pulling until
you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down the
buckle end of the belt as you pull up on
the shoulder part.
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the
driver and right front passenger. Although you
cannot see them, they are part of the safety belt
assembly. They help tighten the safety belts during
the early stages of a moderate to severe frontal
or near frontal crash if the threshold conditions for
pretensioner activation are met.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you will need to get new ones, and
probably other new parts for your safety belt
system. See Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash on page 85.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer
will order you an extender. When you go in to
order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. To help
avoid personal injury, do not let someone else
use it, and use it only for the seat it is made to fit.
The extender has been designed for adults.
Never use it for securing child seats. To wear it,
just attach it to the regular safety belt. For more
information see the instruction sheet that comes
with the extender.
37
Child Restraints
Q: What is the proper way to wear
safety belts?
Older Children
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional
restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
The shoulder belt should not cross the face
or neck. The lap belt should fit snugly
below the hips, just touching the top of the
thighs. It should never be worn over the
abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
According to accident statistics, children are safer
when properly restrained in the rear seating
positions than in the front seating positions.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats
should wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
38
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can
strike other people who are buckled up, or can be
thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need
to use safety belts properly.
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder
belt, but the child is so small that the
shoulder belt is very close to the child’s
face or neck?
A: If the child is sitting in a seat next to a
window, move the child toward the center
of the vehicle. If the child is sitting in the center
rear seat passenger position, move the child
toward the safety belt buckle. In either case,
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on
the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would have the restraint
that belts provide.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same
belt. The belt cannot properly spread the
impact forces. In a crash, the two children
can be crushed together and seriously
injured. A belt must be used by only
one person at a time.
39
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the
belt in this way, in a crash the child might
slide under the belt. The belt’s force
would then be applied right on the child’s
abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the child’s thighs. This applies belt force
to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
40
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This
includes infants and all other children. Neither the
distance traveled nor the age and size of the
traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use
safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state
in the United States and in every Canadian
province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Never leave children
unattended in a vehicle and never allow
children to play with the safety belts.
Every time infants and young children ride in
vehicles, they should have the protection provided
by appropriate restraints. Young children should
not use the vehicle’s adult safety belts alone,
unless there is no other choice. Instead, they need
to use a child restraint.
41
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their
arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby
does not weigh much — until a crash.
During a crash a baby will become so
heavy it is not possible to hold it.
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby will
suddenly become a 240 lb (110 kg) force
on a person’s arms. A baby should be
secured in an appropriate restraint.
42
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer protection for
adults and older children, but not for
young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Young
children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
43
Q: What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
{CAUTION:
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should
take into consideration not only the child’s
weight, height, and age but also whether or not
the restraint will be compatible with the motor
vehicle in which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there
are many different models available. When
purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is
designed to be used in a motor vehicle. If it is,
the restraint will have a label saying that it
meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular child restraint.
In addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
44
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck.
This is necessary because a newborn
infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs
so much compared with the rest of its
body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facing
seat settles into the restraint, so the crash
forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back
and shoulders. Infants always should be
secured in appropriate infant restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is
quite unlike that of an adult or older child,
for whom the safety belts are designed. A
young child’s hip bones are still so small
that the vehicle’s regular safety belt may
not remain low on the hip bones, as it
should. Instead, it may settle up around
the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt
would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This
alone could cause serious or fatal injuries.
Young children always should be secured
in appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface. Make sure that the infant’s
head rests toward the center of the vehicle.
45
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating surface against the back of the
infant. The harness system holds the infant in
place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant
positioned in the restraint.
46
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint
for the child’s body with the harness and also
sometimes with surfaces such as T-shaped
or shelf-like shields.
Q: How Should I Use a Child Restraint?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed
for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or
position children. A built-in child restraint
system is a permanent part of the motor
vehicle. An add-on child restraint system is a
portable one, which is purchased by the
vehicle’s owner. To help reduce injuries, an
add-on child restraint must be secured in
the vehicle. With built-in or add-on child
restraints, the child has to be secured within
the child restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed
to improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt
system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt
positioner, and some high-back booster seats
have a five-point harness. A booster seat can also
help a child to see out the window.
When choosing an add-on child restraint, be
sure the child restraint is designed to be
used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a label
saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Then follow the instructions
for the restraint. You may find these
instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both.
47
Securing an Add-on Child Restraint in
the Vehicle
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child restraint is not
properly secured in the vehicle. Make sure
the child restraint is properly installed in
the vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belt
or LATCH system, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
To help reduce the chance of injury, the child
restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Child
restraint systems must be secured in vehicle seats
by lap belts or the lap belt portion of a lap-shoulder
belt, or by the LATCH system.
48
See Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 51 for more information. A child
can be endangered in a crash if the child
restraint is not properly secured in the vehicle.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to
the instructions that come with the restraint
which may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet,
or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not
available, obtain a replacement copy from the
manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Securing the Child Within the Child
Restraint
There are several systems for securing the child
within the child restraint. One system, the
three-point harness, has straps that come down
over each of the infant’s shoulders and buckle
together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps, and
a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against
the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed in
a crash if the child is not properly secured
in the child restraint. Make sure the
child is properly secured, following the
instructions that came with that restraint.
Because there are different systems, it is important
to refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint. A child can be endangered in a crash if
the child is not properly secured in the child
restraint.
49
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they are restrained in the rear rather than the
front seat. We recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding
in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding
in a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
CAUTION:
50
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag
(if equipped) under certain conditions,
no system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
Wherever you install a child restraint, be sure to
secure the child restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH)
The LATCH system holds a child restraint during
driving or in a crash. This system is designed
to make installation of a child restraint easier. The
LATCH system uses anchors in the vehicle and
attachments on the child restraint that are made for
use with the LATCH system.
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible child restraint
is properly installed using the anchors, or use
the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came with that
restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.
When installing a child restraint with a top tether,
you must also use either the lower anchors or
the safety belts to properly secure the child
restraint. A child restraint must never be installed
using only the top tether and anchor.
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle,
you need a child restraint that has LATCH
attachments. The child restraint manufacturer will
provide you with instructions on how to use
the child restraint and its attachments. The
following explains how to attach a child restraint
with these attachments in your vehicle.
Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints
have lower anchors and attachments or top
tether anchors and attachments.
51
Lower Anchors
Top Tether Anchor
Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the
vehicle. There are two lower anchors for each
LATCH seating position that will accommodate a
child restraint with lower attachments (B).
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child
restraint to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built
into the vehicle. The top tether attachment (B)
on the child restraint connects to the top tether
anchor in the vehicle in order to reduce the forward
movement and rotation of the child restraint
during driving or in a crash.
Your child restraint may have a single tether (A)
or a dual tether (C). Either will have a single
attachment (B) to secure the top tether to
the anchor.
52
Some child restraints that have a top tether are
designed for use with or without the top tether
being attached. Others require the top tether
always to be attached. In Canada, the law requires
that forward-facing child restraints have a top
tether, and that the tether be attached. In the
United States, some child restraints also have a
top tether. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint.
If the child restraint does not have a top tether,
one can be obtained, in kit form, for many
child restraints. Ask the child restraint
manufacturer whether or not a kit is available.
Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor
Locations
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
To assist you in locating
the lower anchors, each
seating position with
lower anchors has
two labels, near the
crease between the
seatback and the seat
cushion.
To assist you in locating
the top tether anchors,
the top tether anchor
symbol is located on the
trim cover, if there is
a cover.
j (Lower Anchor):
Seating positions with
two lower anchors.
Rear Seat
53
Hatchback
Wagon Outside Positions
For hatchback models, the top tether anchors (B)
are located under trim covers in the rear cargo
area, attached to the back wall (A) of the vehicle.
Squeeze and pull the front part of the trim
cover to access the anchors. Remove the cargo
shade before installing the top tether. The
cargo shade should remain off while the top tether
anchor is in use. Be sure to use an anchor
located on the same side of the vehicle as the
seating position where the child restraint will
be placed.
For outside seating positions in a wagon model,
the top tether anchors (A) are exposed anchors,
located behind the rear seat, on the floor of
the rear cargo area (B). Be sure to use an anchor
located on the same side of the vehicle as the
seating position where the child restraint will
be placed.
54
Do not secure a child restraint in the right front
passenger’s position if a national or local law
requires that the top tether be attached, or if the
instructions that come with the child restraint
say that the top tether must be attached. There is
no place to attach the top tether in this position.
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they are restrained in the rear rather than
the front seat. See Where to Put the Restraint on
page 50 for additional information.
Wagon Center Position
For the center position in wagon model, the top
tether anchor (A) is located under a trim cover on
the ceiling (B). Open the trim cover to access
the anchors. Be sure to use an anchor located on
the same side of the vehicle as the seating
position where the child restraint will be placed.
55
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not
attached to anchors, the restraint will not
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
crash, the child could be seriously injured
or killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type
child restraint is properly installed using
the anchors, or use the vehicle’s safety
belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
56
{CAUTION:
Each top tether anchor and lower anchor
in the vehicle is designed to hold only one
child restraint. Attaching more than one
child restraint to a single anchor could
cause the anchor or attachment to come
loose or even break during a crash.
A child or others could be injured if this
happens. To help prevent injury to people
and damage to your vehicle, attach only
one child restraint per anchor.
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Secure any unused
safety belts behind the child restraint so
children cannot reach them. Pull the
shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock, if your vehicle has
one, after the child restraint has been
installed. Be sure to follow the instructions
of the child restraint manufacturer.
Notice: Contact between the child restraint or
the LATCH attachment parts and the vehicle’s
safety belt assembly may cause damage to
these parts. Make sure when securing unused
safety belts behind the child restraint that
there is no contact between the child restraint
or the LATCH attachment parts and the
vehicle’s safety belt assembly.
Folding an empty rear seat with the safety
belts secured may cause damage to the safety
belt or the seat. When removing the child
restraint, always remember to return the safety
belts to their normal, stowed position before
folding the rear seat.
1. Attach and tighten the lower attachments to
the lower anchors. If the child restraint does
not have lower attachments or the desired
seating position does not have lower anchors,
secure the child restraint with the top tether
and the safety belts. Refer to your child
restraint manufacturer instructions and the
instructions in this manual.
1.1. Find the lower anchors for the desired
seating position.
1.2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
1.3. Attach and tighten the lower
attachments on the child restraint to the
lower anchors.
57
2. If the child restraint manufacturer recommends
that the top tether be attached, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor,
if equipped. Refer to the child restraint
instructions and the following steps:
2.1. Find the top tether anchor.
2.2. For hatchback models, remove the
cargo shade before installing the top
tether. The cargo shade should remain
off while the top tether anchor is in use.
2.3. Squeeze and pull the front part of the
trim cover, if there is one, to access the
anchors. For the center position in a
wagon model, flip the cover on
the ceiling to access the anchor.
2.4. Raise the head restraint if the desired
seating position has an adjustable head
restraint. See Head Restraints on
page 15.
2.5. Route and tighten the top tether
according to your child restraint
instructions and the following
instructions:
58
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and you
are using a single tether,
route the tether over
the seatback.
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and you
are using a dual tether,
route the tether over
the seatback.
If the position you are
using has a head
restraint and you are
using a single tether,
route the tether under
the head restraint and in
between the head
restraint posts.
If the position you are
using has a head
restraint and you are
using dual tether, route
the tether under the
head restraint and
in between the head
restraint posts.
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position
If your child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 51.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH
system, you will be using the lap-shoulder
belt to secure the child restraint. Be sure to follow
the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
3. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
59
3. Buckle the belt. Be sure the latch plate clicks
when you put it into the buckle. This means
you are using the correct buckle. Also,
make sure the release button is positioned so
you would be able to unbuckle the safety
belt quickly if you ever had to.
60
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
6. If your child restraint manufacturer
recommends using a top tether, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor.
Refer to the instructions that came with the
child restraint and to Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 51.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt.
To remove the child restraint, if the top tether is
attached to the top tether anchor, disconnect
it. Unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go
back all the way. The safety belt will move
freely again and be ready to work for an adult or
larger child passenger.
61
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s airbag.
A rear seat is a safer place to secure a
forward-facing child restraint. See Where to Put
the Restraint on page 50.
In addition, your vehicle has a passenger sensing
system. The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped)
when an infant in a rear-facing infant seat or a
small child in a forward-facing child restraint
or booster seat is detected. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 76 and Passenger Airbag
Status Indicator on page 165 for more information
on this including important safety information.
A label on your sun visor says, “Never put
a rear-facing child seat in the front.” This is
because the risk to the rear-facing child is so
great, if the airbag deploys.
62
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag and side
impact airbag (if equipped), if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag or airbags will
not deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though it is turned off.
We recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be secured in the rear seat,
even if the airbag or airbags are off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat position, move the
seat as far back as it will go before securing
the forward-facing child restraint. See Manual
Seats (With Sliding Storage Tray) on page 9 or
Manual Seats (Without Sliding Storage Tray)
on page 10.
If your child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 51.
There is no top tether anchor in the right front
passenger’s position. Do not secure a child seat in
this position if a national or local law requires that
the top tether be anchored, or if the instructions that
come with the child restraint say that the top tether
must be anchored. See Lower Anchors and Tethers
for Children (LATCH) on page 51 if your child
restraint has a top tether.
You will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure
the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow
the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Your vehicle has airbags. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 76. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in a rear seat, even if the right front
passenger’s frontal airbag and side airbag
(if equipped) is off. If your child restraint
is forward-facing, move the seat as far back
as it will go before securing the child restraint
in this seat. See Manual Seats (With Sliding
Storage Tray) on page 9 or Manual Seats
(Without Sliding Storage Tray) on page 10.
When the passenger sensing system has
turned off the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag and side airbag (if equipped), the
off symbol in the passenger airbag status
indicator should light and stay lit when you turn
the ignition to ON or START. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on page 165.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
63
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
64
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
8. If the airbag or airbags are off, the off symbol
on the instrument panel near the clock will be
lit and stay lit when the key is turned to
ON or START.
If a child restraint has been installed and the off
symbol is not lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove
the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the
child restraint.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt. You should not be able
to pull more of the belt from the retractor
once the lock has been set.
If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the off symbol is still not lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion.
If this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
65
A thick layer of additional material such as a
blanket, or aftermarket equipment such as seat
covers heaters or massagers, located between the
seat cushion and the child restraint or small
occupant, can affect how the passenger sensing
system operates. Remove any additional material
from the seat cushion before reinstalling/securing
the child restraint or small occupant.
Airbag System
Your vehicle has the following airbags:
• A frontal airbag for the driver.
• A frontal airbag for the right front passenger.
If the off symbol is still not lit, secure the child in
the child restraint in a rear seat position in
the vehicle and check with your dealer.
Your vehicle may have the following airbags:
• A seat-mounted side impact airbag for
the driver.
• A seat-mounted side impact airbag for the
right front passenger.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the
vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be
ready to work for an adult or larger child
passenger.
If your vehicle has seat-mounted side impact
airbags for the driver and the right front passenger,
the words AIR BAG will appear on the airbag
covering on the side of the seatback closest to
the door.
Airbags are designed to supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Even though today’s
airbags are also designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating bag, all
airbags must inflate very quickly to do their job.
66
Here are the most important things to know about
the airbag system:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a
crash if you are not wearing your safety
belt — even if you have airbags. Wearing
your safety belt during a crash helps
reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it.
Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to
the safety belts. All airbags are designed
to work with safety belts, but do not
replace them.
{CAUTION:
Frontal airbags for the driver and
passenger are designed to deploy in
moderate to severe frontal and near frontal
crashes. They are not designed to inflate in
rollover, rear crashes, or in many side
crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal airbags may provide
less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful airbags have provided in
the past.
Side impact airbags are designed to inflate
in moderate to severe crashes where
something hits the side of your vehicle.
They are not designed to inflate in frontal,
in rollover, or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a
safety belt properly — whether or not there
is an airbag for that person.
67
68
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact airbags
inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you are too close to an
inflating airbag, as you would be if you
were leaning forward, it could seriously
injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for airbag inflation before and
during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt, even with frontal airbags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while
still maintaining control of the vehicle.
Front occupants should not lean on or
sleep against the door.
Anyone who is up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer the best
protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s
safety belt system nor its airbag system is
designed for them. Young children and
infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle.
To read how, see Older Children on
page 38 or Infants and Young Children on
page 41.
There is an airbag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the
airbag symbol.
Where Are the Airbags?
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 164 for more information.
The driver’s airbag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
69
The right front passenger’s airbag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
70
If your vehicle has one, the driver’s side impact
airbag is in the side of the driver’s seatback closest
to the door.
If your vehicle has one, the passenger’s side
impact airbag is in the side of the passenger’s
seatback closest to the door.
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
{CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and
an airbag, the airbag might not inflate
properly or it might force the object into
that person causing severe injury or even
death. The path of an inflating airbag must
be kept clear. Do not put anything
between an occupant and an airbag, and
do not attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any
other airbag covering. Do not let seat
covers block the inflation path of a side
impact airbag.
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
airbags are designed to inflate in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal crashes. But they are
designed to inflate only if the impact exceeds a
predetermined deployment threshold. Deployment
thresholds take into account a variety of desired
deployment and non-deployment events and are
used to predict how severe a crash is likely to be in
time for the airbags to inflate and help restrain the
occupants. Whether your frontal airbags will or
should deploy is not based on how fast your vehicle
is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit, the
direction of the impact, and how quickly your
vehicle slows down.
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall
that does not move or deform, the threshold
level is about 9 to 14 mph (14 to 23 km/h).
The threshold level can vary, however, with
specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat
above or below this range.
71
Frontal airbags may inflate at different crash
speeds. For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a moving object.
• If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits an object that
does not deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole),
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits a wide object
(like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle,
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle goes straight into
the object.
Frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger)
are not intended to inflate during vehicle
rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts.
72
Your vehicle may or may not have side impact
airbags. See Airbag System on page 66.
Side impact airbags are intended to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact
airbag will inflate if the crash severity is above
the system’s designed “threshold level.”
The threshold level can vary with specific vehicle
design. Side impact airbags are not intended
to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers, or rear impacts. A side impact airbag is
intended to deploy on the side of the vehicle
that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether
an airbag should have inflated simply because
of the damage to a vehicle or because of what the
repair costs were. For frontal airbags, inflation is
determined by what the vehicle hits, the angle
of the impact, and how quickly the vehicle slows
down in frontal and near-frontal impacts.
For side impact airbags, inflation is determined
by the location and severity of the impact.
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag
sensing system detects that the vehicle is
in a crash. The sensing system triggers a release
of gas from the inflator, which inflates the
airbag. The inflator, the airbag and related
hardware are all part of the airbag modules.
Frontal airbag modules are located inside
the steering wheel and instrument panel.
For seating positions with side impact airbags,
there are also airbag modules in the side of
the seatbacks closest to the door.
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the
steering wheel or the instrument panel. In
moderate to severe side collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the inside of the vehicle.
Airbags supplement the protection provided
by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force of the
impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually.
But the frontal airbags would not help you in
many types of collisions, including rollovers, rear
impacts, and many side impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward the airbag.
Side impact airbags would not help you in many
types of collisions, including many frontal or
near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts.
Airbags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then
only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s frontal airbags, and only in moderate
to severe side collisions for vehicles with side
impact airbags.
73
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates?
After an airbag inflates, it quickly deflates, so
quickly that some people may not even realize the
airbag inflated. Some components of the airbag
module — the steering wheel hub for the driver’s
frontal airbag, the instrument panel for the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag, and for
seating positions with side impact airbags, the side
of the seatback closest to the door — may be
hot for a short time. The parts of the airbag that
come into contact with you may be warm, but
not too hot to touch. There may be some smoke
and dust coming from the vents in the deflated
airbags. Airbag inflation does not prevent the driver
from seeing out of the windshield or being able
to steer the vehicle, nor does it prevent people
from leaving the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there may be
dust in the air. This dust could cause
breathing problems for people with a
history of asthma or other breathing
trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is
safe to do so. If you have breathing
problems but cannot get out of the vehicle
after an airbag inflates, then get fresh air
by opening a window or a door. If you
experience breathing problems following
an airbag deployment, you should seek
medical attention.
Your vehicle has a feature that may automatically
unlock the doors, turn the interior lamps on,
and turn on the hazard warning flashers when the
airbags inflate. You can lock the doors, turn the
interior lamps off, and turn the hazard warning
flashers off by using the controls for those
features.
74
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an
airbag, windshields are broken by vehicle
deformation. Additional windshield breakage may
also occur from the right front passenger
airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once.
After they inflate, you will need some new
parts for the airbag system. If you do not get
them, the airbag system will not be there
to help protect you in another crash. A new
system will include airbag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for
your vehicle covers the need to replace
other parts.
• Your vehicle has a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information
after a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and
Event Data Recorders on page 400.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your
airbag system. Improper service can mean
that an airbag system will not work properly.
See your dealer for service.
75
Passenger Sensing System
Your vehicle has a passenger sensing system for
the right front passenger position. The passenger
airbag status indicator will be visible when you
turn your ignition key to ON or START.
The airbag off symbol
will be visible near the
clock, located in the
center of the instrument
panel, during the
system check.
When the system check is complete, the airbag off
symbol will be visible under certain conditions.
See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on
page 165. The passenger sensing system will turn
off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag (if equipped)
under certain conditions. The driver’s airbags are
not part of the passenger sensing system.
76
The passenger sensing system works with a
sensor that is part of the right front passenger’s
seat cushion. The sensor is designed to detect the
presence of a properly-seated occupant and
determine if the passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag (if equipped)
should be enabled (may inflate) or not.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear, rather than the front
seat. We recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in
a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat, and an older child riding
in a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on the sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag or
airbags are off.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag and side
impact airbag (if equipped) if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint, no
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
77
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn
off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag (if equipped) if:
• The right front passenger seat is unoccupied.
• The system determines that an infant is
present in a rear-facing infant seat.
• The system determines that a small child is
present in a forward-facing child restraint.
• The system determines that a small child is
present in a booster seat.
• A right front passenger takes his/her weight off
of the seat for a period of time.
• The right front passenger seat is occupied by
a smaller person, such as a child who has
outgrown child restraints.
• Or, if there is a critical problem with the airbag
system or the passenger sensing system.
78
When the passenger sensing system has turned
off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag
and seat-mounted side impact airbag (if equipped),
the off symbol near the clock will light and stay
lit to remind you that the airbag or airbags are off.
See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on
page 165.
If a child restraint has been installed and the off
symbol is not lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove
the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the
child restraint following the child restraint
manufacturer’s directions and refer to Securing a
Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position
on page 62.
If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the off symbol is still not lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion.
If this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
If the off symbol is still not lit, secure the child in
the child restraint in a rear seat position in
the vehicle and check with your dealer.
The passenger sensing system is designed to
enable (may inflate) the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag
(if equipped) anytime the system senses that a
person of adult size is sitting properly in the right
front passenger’s seat. When the passenger
sensing system has allowed the airbag or airbags
to be enabled, the off symbol will not light.
For some children who have outgrown child
restraints and for very small adults, the passenger
sensing system may or may not turn off the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag and side
airbag (if equipped), depending upon the person’s
seating posture and body build. Everyone in
your vehicle who has outgrown child restraints
should wear a safety belt properly — whether or
not there is an airbag for that person.
79
If a person of adult-size is sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat, but the off symbol is lit, it
could be because that person is not sitting properly
in the seat. If this happens do one of the
following:
• Turn the vehicle off and ask the person to
place the seatback in the fully upright
position, then sit upright in the seat, centered
on the seat cushion, with the person’s legs
comfortably extended. Restart the vehicle and
have the person remain in this position for
about three minutes. This will allow the system
to detect that person and then enable the
passenger’s airbag or airbags.
• Take the right front passenger’s weight off of
the seat for more than three seconds, place the
seatback in the fully upright position, and then
sit upright in the seat, centered on the seat
cushion, with the person’s legs comfortably
extended. Have the person remain in this
position for about three minutes. This will allow
the system to detect that person and then
enable the passenger’s airbag or airbags.
80
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light in the
instrument panel cluster ever comes on
and stays on, it means that something
may be wrong with the airbag system.
If this ever happens, have the vehicle
serviced promptly, because an adult-size
person sitting in the right front passenger’s
seat may not have the protection of the
frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped).
See Airbag Readiness Light on page 164
for more on this, including important safety
information.
A thick layer of additional material such as a
blanket, or aftermarket equipment such as seat
covers, seat heaters, and seat massagers
can affect how well the passenger sensing system
operates. Remove any additional material from
the seat cushion before reinstalling or securing the
child restraint or small occupant. You may want
to consider not using seat covers or other
aftermarket equipment if your vehicle has the
passenger sensing system. See Adding Equipment
to Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 83 for
more information about modifications that can
affect how the system operates.
81
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be
serviced. There are parts of the airbag system in
several places around your vehicle. You do
not want the system to inflate while someone is
working on your vehicle. Your dealer and the
service manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and the airbag system. To purchase a
service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 406.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds, after the ignition is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,
an airbag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are
close to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid
yellow connectors. They are probably part
of the airbag system. Be sure to follow
proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is
qualified to do so.
The airbag system does not need regular
maintenance.
82
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get
Q: Is there anything I might add to the front
A: Changing or moving any parts of the
or sides of the vehicle that could keep the
airbags from working properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that change your
vehicle’s frame, bumper system, height,
front end or side sheet metal, they may keep
the airbag system from working properly.
Also, the airbag system may not work properly
if you relocate any of the airbag sensors.
If you have any questions about this,
you should contact Customer Assistance
before you modify your vehicle. The phone
numbers and addresses for Customer
Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure in this manual.
See Customer Satisfaction Procedure on
page 388.
my vehicle modified. How can I find out
whether this will affect my airbag system?
front seats, safety belts, the airbag sensing
and diagnostic module, steering wheel,
the instrument panel, or airbag wiring can
affect the operation of the airbag system.
If you have questions, call Customer
Assistance. The phone numbers and
addresses for Customer Assistance are in
Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on page 388.
83
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder
light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates,
retractors and anchorages are working properly.
Look for any other loose or damaged safety
belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have
it repaired. See Care of Safety Belts on page 339.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a
belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken airbag covers,
and have them repaired or replaced. The airbag
system does not need regular maintenance.
84
Notice: If you damage the covering for the
driver’s or the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag, or an airbag covering on a seatback
(if equipped), the airbag may not work properly.
You may have to replace the airbag module in
the steering wheel, both the airbag module and
the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s frontal airbag, or both the airbag
module and the seatback for seating positions
with a side impact airbag (if equipped). Do not
open or break the airbag coverings.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems
in your vehicle. A damaged restraint
system may not properly protect the
person using it, resulting in serious injury
or even death in a crash. To help make
sure your restraint systems are working
properly after a crash, have them
inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or
LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be
necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they
would be if worn during a more severe crash,
then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a
more severe crash, you may need new LATCH
system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them.
Collision damage also may mean you will need to
have LATCH system, safety belt or seat parts
repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may
be necessary even if the belt or LATCH system
was not being used at the time of the collision.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part about the airbag
system earlier in this section.
85
If the frontal airbags inflate, you will also need to
replace the driver’s and right front passenger’s
safety belt pretensioners and safety belt. Be sure
to do so. Then the new pretensioner and safety
belt will be there to help protect you in a collision.
If your vehicle has side airbags, the front seat
assembly must be replaced after the side airbag
has been deployed.
86
After a crash you may need to replace the driver
and right front passenger’s safety belt retractor
assemblies, even if the frontal airbags have
not deployed. The driver and right front
passenger’s safety belt retractor assemblies
contain the safety belt pretensioners. Have your
safety belt pretensioners checked if your
vehicle has been in a collision, or if your airbag
readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle
or while you are driving. See Airbag Readiness
Light on page 164.
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys .............................................................. 89
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System .......... 91
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation .................................... 92
Doors and Locks .......................................... 95
Door Locks ................................................. 95
Central Door Unlocking System ................... 96
Power Door Locks ....................................... 96
Door Ajar Reminder .................................... 97
Rear Door Security Locks ........................... 97
Lockout Protection ....................................... 98
Liftgate ........................................................ 99
Windows ...................................................... 100
Manual Windows ....................................... 100
Power Windows ........................................ 101
Sun Visors ................................................ 102
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................. 103
Theft-Deterrent System .............................. 103
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ......... 105
New Vehicle Break-In ................................ 105
Ignition Positions ....................................... 106
Starting the Engine .................................... 107
Engine Coolant Heater .............................. 109
Automatic Transaxle Operation .................. 110
Manual Transaxle Operation ...................... 114
Parking Brake ........................................... 116
Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle) ............................ 117
Shifting Out of Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle) ............................ 118
Parking Your Vehicle
(Manual Transaxle) ................................ 119
Parking Over Things That Burn ................. 120
Engine Exhaust ......................................... 121
Running the Engine While Parked ............. 122
87
Section 2
Features and Controls
Mirrors ......................................................... 123
Manual Rearview Mirror ............................. 123
Outside Manual Mirrors ............................. 123
Outside Power Mirrors ............................... 124
Outside Convex Mirror ............................... 125
Outside Heated Mirrors ............................. 125
Storage Areas ............................................. 126
Glove Box ................................................. 126
Cupholder(s) .............................................. 126
Sunglasses Storage Compartment ............. 127
88
Front Storage Area .................................... 127
Front Armrest Storage Area ....................... 128
Roof Rack (Wagon Only) .......................... 128
Rear Seat Armrest .................................... 129
Convenience Net ....................................... 129
Cargo Shade (Wagon Only) ...................... 130
Hideaway Rear Storage Bins
(Wagon Only) ........................................ 130
Sunroof ....................................................... 131
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many
reasons, children or others could be badly
injured or even killed. They could operate
the power windows or other controls or
even make the vehicle move. The windows
will function with the keys in the ignition
and they could be seriously injured or
killed if caught in the path of a closing
window. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle
with children.
89
One key is used for the
ignition, the doors and
all other locks.
When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer
removes the key tag and gives it to the first owner.
The tag has a code on it that tells your dealer
how to make extra keys. For vehicle security, keep
the key tag in a safe place and also record the
key number somewhere other than inside of
the vehicle. If you lose your key, you will be able
to have a new one made easily using the tag.
If you need a new key, contact your dealer who
can obtain the correct key code. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 394 for more
information.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your
vehicle, you may have to damage the vehicle
to get in. Be sure you have spare keys.
90
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
If the vehicle has the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
system, it operates on a radio frequency subject
to Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Rules and with Industry Canada.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This
is normal for any RKE system. If the transmitter
does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far
from your vehicle. You may need to stand
closer during rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects
may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps
to the left or right, hold the transmitter
higher, and try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement”
under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation on page 92.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer
or a qualified technician for service.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
91
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation
The following functions may be available if your
vehicle has the remote keyless entry system.
W (Unlock): Press this button to unlock all of the
doors and the liftgate, if equipped. If all of the
doors and the liftgate are closed, the hazard lamps
will flash twice to indicate that unlocking has
occurred. The theft-deterrent system will deactivate
and the security light will turn off. The security
light is located on the base of the driver’s
door lock.
If a door is not opened or if the engine is not
started within 30 seconds after pressing unlock on
the remote keyless entry transmitter, all of the
doors will automatically lock and the theft-deterrent
system will reactivate.
The LED light (A), on the transmitter, will flash
when the buttons on the remote keyless entry
transmitter are pressed. You can lock and unlock
the vehicle’s doors from about 20 feet (6 m)
away. See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
on page 91 for additional information.
92
Q (Lock): Press this button to lock all of the
doors and the liftgate, if equipped. If all of
the doors and the liftgate are closed, the hazard
lamps will flash once and the horn will chirp
to indicate that locking has occurred. The
theft-deterrent system will activate and the security
light will flash.
If the driver’s door is open while pressing lock, all
of the doors, except for the driver’s door will
lock. If any door other than the driver’s door is
open while pressing lock, all of the doors, including
the driver’s door, will lock.
S (Panic): If your vehicle has this feature, press
this button to turn on the hazard warning
flashers. The hazard warning lamps will flash for
about 28 seconds. Press this button again to
turn off the hazard warning lamps.
The lock, unlock, and panic buttons, on the
remote keyless entry transmitter, will not operate
while the key is in the ignition. The theft-deterrent
system will not activate while the key is in the
ignition.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking
your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a
replacement can be purchased through your
dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters with you when you go to your dealer.
When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining
transmitters must also be matched. Once your
dealer has coded the new transmitter, the
lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle.
Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in the remote
keyless entry transmitter should last about
two years.
The battery is weak if the LED light fails to
illuminate or if the transmitter will not work at the
normal operating range. If you have to get
close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it is probably time to change the battery.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care
not to touch any of the circuitry. Static from
your body transferred to these surfaces
may damage the transmitter.
93
3. Remove the battery and replace it with the
new one. Make sure the positive side of the
battery faces up. Use one three-volt, CR1616,
or equivalent type battery.
4. Close the cover of the transmitter unit and put
the unit in the cover of the transmitter.
5. Assemble the transmitter cover and replace
the screw. Make sure the cover is on tightly,
so water will not get in.
6. Test the transmitter operation.
To replace the battery in the remote keyless entry
transmitter, do the following:
1. Remove the screw from the back of the cover
and open the cover of the transmitter.
2. Pull the transmitter unit out of the cover and
open the cover of the transmitter unit.
94
Doors and Locks
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Door Locks
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers, especially children, can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is
locked, the handle will not open it.
You increase the chance of being
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if
the doors are not locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out.
A child can be overcome by extreme
heat and can suffer permanent injuries
or even death from heat stroke.
Always lock your vehicle whenever
you leave it.
CAUTION:
unlocked door when you slow down
or stop your vehicle. Locking your
doors can help prevent this from
happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your
vehicle.
From the outside, use your key or the optional
Remote Keyless Entry transmitter. See Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation on
page 92.
To manually lock and unlock the doors from the
outside, insert the key into the lock and turn
it toward the front or rear of the vehicle.
(Continued)
95
All doors, except for the
driver’s door, can be
locked from the outside
by pushing down the
manual door lock and
then closing the door.
The driver’s door lock cannot be manually locked
while the door is open. Upon leaving the
vehicle, the driver’s door can only be locked from
the outside by using the key or the optional
RKE transmitter.
If your vehicle has a driver’s door security light, it is
located on the base of the lock. The light turns off
when you unlock the door using the key or the RKE
transmitter. The light turns on when the door is
locked using the key or the RKE transmitter.
From the inside, lock and unlock all of the doors
by pushing or pulling the manual door lock.
The doors can also be locked and unlocked with
the optional power door lock switches located
on the driver’s door.
96
Central Door Unlocking System
Your vehicle may have a central door unlocking
system that is activated from the driver’s door.
From the outside, you can lock or unlock all of the
doors on your vehicle from the driver’s door by
using either the key or the optional Remote
Keyless Entry transmitter. From the inside, you
can lock or unlock all of the doors using the
driver’s door lock.
Power Door Locks
On vehicles with power
door locks, the doors
can be locked or
unlocked using the
driver’s door lock switch.
Press the switch to lock and unlock the doors.
Door Ajar Reminder
If one of the doors on is
not closed properly
while the ignition is on,
the door ajar light
on the instrument panel
cluster comes on
and stays on until the
doors are closed.
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle has rear
door security locks
on each rear door that
prevent passengers
from opening the
rear doors from
the inside.
See Door Ajar Light on page 177 for additional
information.
97
Using the Rear Door Security Lock
1. Move the lever up to lock.
2. Close the door.
3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
Notice: Pulling the inside door handle while
the rear door security locks are engaged could
damage your vehicle. Do not pull the inside
door handle while the rear door security locks
are engaged.
The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened
from the inside while this feature is in use.
Opening a Rear Door When the
Security Lock is On
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Open the door from the outside.
If you do not cancel the security lock, adults or
older children who ride in the rear will not be able
to open the rear door from the inside. You
should let adults and older children know how to
cancel the locks.
98
Canceling the Rear Door Security Lock
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open
the door from the outside.
2. Move the lever down to unlock.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
The rear door locks can now be locked and
unlocked normally.
Lockout Protection
This feature helps prevent locking the key in the
car. The driver’s door can only be locked with
the door closed. From the outside of the vehicle,
close the driver’s door and lock it using the key
or the Remote Keyless Entry transmitter.
This feature cannot guarantee that you will never
be locked out of your vehicle. Always remember
to take your key with you.
Liftgate
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the
liftgate open because carbon monoxide
(CO) gas can come into your vehicle.
You cannot see or smell CO. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death. If you
must drive with the liftgate open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections
must pass through the seal between the
body and the liftgate:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select
the control setting that will force
outside air into your vehicle. See
Climate Control System on page 155.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the
way. See Engine Exhaust on page 121.
The liftgate on a hatchback or wagon can be
locked and unlocked from outside of the vehicle
by inserting the key into the lock and turning it.
The Remote Keyless Entry transmitter, if the
vehicle has one, can also be used. Then pull up
the handle above the license plate to open
the liftgate.
When closing the liftgate, close it from the center
to make sure it fully latches.
99
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets
in a vehicle with the windows closed is
dangerous. They can be overcome by the
extreme heat and suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke.
Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a
pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
Manual Windows
Use the window crank to open and close each
window.
The rear windows do not open fully.
100
Power Windows
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets
in a vehicle with the windows closed is
dangerous. They can be overcome from
extreme heat in warm or hot weather and
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke.
Leaving children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many
reasons, children or others could be badly
injured or even killed. They could operate
the power windows or other controls or
even make the vehicle move. The windows
will function with the keys in the ignition
and they could be seriously injured or
killed if caught in the path of a closing
window. Do not leave keys in a vehicle with
children.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
When there are children in the rear seat
use the window lockout button to prevent
unintentional operation of the windows.
If your vehicle has this
feature, the power
window switches are
located on the driver’s
door armrest.
Uplevel shown, Base
similar
In addition, each passenger door has a switch for
its own window. The ignition must be turned to
ON to use the power windows. To lower a window,
press the switch. To raise a window, lift up on
the switch.
101
Express-Down Window
The driver’s window may also have an
express-down feature. This switch is labeled
AUTO. Press the switch then release it and the
driver’s window goes all the way down.
To stop the window while it is lowering, press the
switch again. To raise the window, pull up and
hold the switch.
Window Lockout
The driver’s power
window controls may
also include a lockout
button.
102
Press the lockout button to stop the front and rear
passengers from using their window switches.
The driver can still operate all the windows with the
lock on. Press the lockout button again to return
to normal window operation.
Sun Visors
To block out glare you can pull the visors down.
They can also be removed from the center
mount and moved to the side.
Visor Vanity Mirror
Your vehicle has vanity mirrors located on the
back of the sun visors. Pull the sun visor down and
lift the cover to expose the vanity mirror.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some
cities. Although your vehicle has a number of
theft-deterrent features, we know that nothing we
put on it can make it impossible to steal.
Theft-Deterrent System
Your vehicle may have a theft-deterrent system.
The theft-deterrent system will not arm when
you lock the doors using the key or the manual
door lock. It activates only when you use the
optional remote keyless entry transmitter.
Arming the System
To arm the system, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to LOCK and remove the key
from the ignition.
If the key is inserted in the ignition, the
transmitter will not operate the theft-deterrent
system.
2. Close the doors, the windows, the hood, and
the trunk or liftgate.
Make sure the windows are closed, as the
system can be activated even if the windows
are open.
3. Lock the door using the remote keyless entry
transmitter. The transmitter must be used to
activate the theft-deterrent system.
• The LED light on the transmitter will
flash once.
• All of the doors will lock.
• The hazard warning lamps will flash once
and the horn will chirp.
• The theft-deterrent mode will activate.
• The security light will flash once every
second to indicate that the theft-deterrent
system is armed. The security light is located
on the base of the driver’s door lock.
103
To avoid activating the alarm by accident, use
one of the following methods:
• Unlock the driver’s or passenger’s door using
the key.
• Press the unlock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
Unlocking a door any other way will activate the
alarm when a door, the trunk or liftgate is opened.
If you do not want to arm the theft-deterrent
system, lock the vehicle using the key or the
manual door locks.
Disarming the System
To disarm the system, use one of the following
methods:
• Unlock the driver’s or passenger’s door using
the key.
• Press the unlock button on the transmitter.
− The LED light on the transmitter will
flash once.
− All of the doors will unlock.
− The hazard warning lamps will flash
twice.
− The theft-deterrent mode will deactivate.
If the door is not opened or if the engine is not
started within 30 seconds after disarming the
system with the transmitter, all of the doors will
automatically lock and the theft-deterrent mode
will reactivate.
104
How the System Alarm is Activated
If a door or the trunk or liftgate is opened without
using the key or the remote keyless entry
transmitter, the horn will sound and the lamps will
flash for up to 30 seconds.
How to Turn Off the System Alarm
If the system alarm is active, it can be deactivated
using one of the following methods:
• Press the lock or unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
• Unlock the driver’s or passenger’s front door
using the key.
Otherwise, the alarm will automatically stop after
30 seconds. The system will then lock the
doors and reactivate the theft-deterrent system.
How to Detect a Tamper Condition
If the hazard warning lamps flash once when you
press the lock or unlock buttons on the remote
keyless entry transmitter, that means the
theft-deterrent system alarm was triggered while
you were away, from the vehicle.
Starting and Operating
Your Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an
elaborate break-in. But it will perform better in
the long run if you follow these guidelines:
• Do not drive at any one constant speed,
fast or slow, for the first 500 miles
(805 km). Do not make full-throttle starts.
Avoid downshifting to brake, or slow,
the vehicle.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings are not yet
broken in. Hard stops with new linings can
mean premature wear and earlier
replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake
linings.
Following break-in, engine speed and load can
be gradually increased.
105
Ignition Positions
The ignition switch
can be turned to
four different
positions with
the key.
{CAUTION:
On manual transaxle vehicles, turning the
key to LOCK and removing it will lock the
steering column and result in a loss of
ability to steer the vehicle. This could
cause a collision. If you need to turn the
engine off while the vehicle is moving,
turn the key only to ACC. Do not push the
key in while the vehicle is moving.
Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the
ignition switch could cause damage or break
the key. Use the correct key and turn the key
only with your hand. Make sure the key is all the
way in. If it is, turn the steering wheel left and
right while you turn the key hard. If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
106
LOCK: This position locks the steering wheel,
ignition, shift lever and transaxle. This is the only
position in which you can insert or remove the
key. If the steering wheel is locked, move it from
right to left and turn the key to ACC (Accessory).
ACC (Accessory): This position operates
some of the electrical accessories, such as the
radio, but not the climate control system.
ON: This is the position the switch returns after you
start the engine and release the key. The switch
stays in ON when the engine is running. But even
when the engine is not running, you can use ON to
operate the electrical accessories, and to display
some instrument panel warning lights.
START: This position starts the engine. When
the engine starts, release the key. The switch
returns to ON for normal driving. Do not turn
the key to START if the engine is running.
Starting the Engine
Automatic Transaxle
Move the shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine does not start in any other
position — that is a safety feature. To restart
when the vehicle is already moving, use
NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Shifting into PARK (P) with the vehicle
moving could damage the transaxle. Shift
into PARK (P) only when your vehicle is
stopped.
Manual Transaxle
The gear selector should be in NEUTRAL and the
parking brake engaged. Hold the clutch pedal
to the floor and start the engine. Your vehicle will
not start if the clutch pedal is not all the way
down — that is a safety feature.
Even if the engine is not running, ACC and ON
allow you to operate electrical accessories,
such as the radio.
107
Starting Your Engine
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
the ignition key to START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go
down as your engine gets warm.
Notice: Holding your key in START for longer
than 15 seconds at a time will cause your
battery to be drained much sooner. And the
excessive heat can damage your starter motor.
Wait about 15 seconds between each try to
help avoid draining your battery or damaging
your starter.
2. If it does not start, wait about 15 seconds and
try again to start the engine by turning the
ignition key to START. Wait about 15 seconds
between each try.
After the engine has run about 10 seconds to
warm up, your vehicle is ready to be driven.
Do not “race” your engine when it is cold.
If the weather is below freezing (32°F or 0°C),
let the engine run for a few minutes to
warm up.
108
3. If the engine still does not start, or starts but
then stops, it could be flooded with too much
gasoline. Try pushing the accelerator pedal
all the way to the floor and holding it there
as you hold the key in START for about
three seconds. If the vehicle starts briefly
but then stops again, do the same thing, but
this time keep the pedal down for five or
six seconds. This clears the extra gasoline
from the engine.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with
the electronics in your vehicle. If you add
electrical parts or accessories, you could
change the way the engine operates. Before
adding electrical equipment, check with
your dealer. If you do not, your engine might
not perform properly. Any resulting damage
would not be covered by your vehicle’s
warranty.
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may have an engine coolant heater.
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder,
the engine coolant heater can help. You will get
easier starting and better fuel economy during
engine warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater
should be plugged in a minimum of four hours
prior to starting your vehicle. At temperatures
above 32°F (0°C), use of the coolant heater is
not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical
cord. The cord is located on the driver
side of the engine compartment, behind the
battery.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC
outlet.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded
outlet could cause an electrical shock.
Also, the wrong kind of extension cord
could overheat and cause a fire. You
could be seriously injured. Plug the cord
into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will not
reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it
away from moving engine parts. If you do
not, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater
plugged in? The answer depends on the outside
temperature, the kind of oil you have, and some
other things. Instead of trying to list everything here,
we ask that you contact your dealer in the area
where you will be parking your vehicle. The dealer
can give you the best advice for that particular area.
109
Automatic Transaxle Operation
If your vehicle has an
automatic transaxle, the
shift lever is located
on the console between
the seats.
PARK (P): This position locks the front wheels.
It is the best position to use when the start
your engine because your vehicle cannot move
easily.
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
Your vehicle may also have an electronic shift
position indicator that displays the position of the
shift lever. This indicator is located to the right
of the trip odometer on the instrument panel
cluster.
Movement between certain positions requires
pushing the shift lever to the passenger side while
shifting. This prevents you from changing
positions unexpectedly by blocking the straight
movement of the shift lever while the vehicle
is moving.
110
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle will not
move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, always set your parking brake
and move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic
Transaxle) on page 117.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P)
before starting the engine. Your vehicle has an
automatic transaxle shift lock control system. The
regular brakes must be applied before you can
shift from PARK (P) when the ignition key is in ON.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P) while holding
the brake pedal down, see Shifting Out of Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle) on page 118.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
When shifting from NEUTRAL (N) to
REVERSE (R), you must press down on the
shift lever while shifting.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your
vehicle is moving forward could damage
the transaxle. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Shift to
REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of
snow, ice, or sand without damaging the transaxle,
see If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice,
or Snow on page 235.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine does
not connect with the wheels. To restart while
you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is
being towed.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your
engine is running at high speed is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on
the brake pedal, your vehicle could move
very rapidly. You could lose control and
hit people or objects. Do not shift into a
drive gear while your engine is running at
high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while the engine is running at
high speed may damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Be sure the engine is not running at
high speeds when shifting your vehicle.
111
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is
for normal driving.
Notice: Driving your vehicle if you notice that
it is moving slowly or not shifting gears as
you increase speed may damage the transaxle.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more
power but lower fuel economy than SECOND (2).
Use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or
mud. If the shift lever is put in FIRST (1),
the transaxle does not shift into first gear until the
vehicle is going slowly enough.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower
fuel economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D):
• When driving on hilly, winding roads.
• When going down a steep hill.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the
vehicle in one place on a hill using only the
accelerator pedal may damage the transaxle.
If you are stuck, do not spin the tires.
When stopping on a hill, use the brakes, or
parking brake to hold the vehicle in place.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power
but lower fuel economy. Use SECOND (2) on
hills. It can help control the vehicles speed as you
go down steep mountain roads, but then you
would also want to use your brakes off and on.
Notice: Do not drive in SECOND (2) at speeds
over 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can damage
the transaxle. Use THIRD (3) or AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D) as much as possible. Do not
shift into SECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h) or you can
damage your engine.
112
If there is a malfunction with the automatic
transaxle, the Check Engine Light or the HOLD
indicator light will turn on or flash. See Malfunction
Indicator Lamp on page 172 or Hold Mode Light
on page 170.
Take your vehicle to your dealer as soon as
possible.
Hold Mode
If your vehicle’s transaxle has a hold mode, select
this mode to drive with some characteristics of a
manual transaxle. With hold mode turned on, the
automatic transaxle stays in a specific gear range.
Press the HOLD button
on the shift lever console
to turn on hold mode.
When hold mode is activated, the transaxle
operates in the following ways:
• When the transaxle is in AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D), the transaxle operates in a
gear range of SECOND (2) to THIRD (3)
to AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) and tries to
maintain AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D)
for as long as possible.
• When the transaxle is in THIRD (3), the
transaxle operates in a gear range of
SECOND (2) to THIRD (3) and tries to
maintain THIRD (3) for as long as possible.
• When the transaxle is in SECOND (2),
the transaxle is fixed in that gear.
• When the transaxle is in FIRST (1), the
transaxle is fixed in that gear.
Press the button again to turn off hold mode, and
return to normal automatic transaxle operation.
While on, the HOLD indicator light on the
instrument panel cluster will light up. See Hold
Mode Light on page 170.
113
Hold Mode Functions
Here is how to operate a manual transaxle:
Winter Function
FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shift into
FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal
as you press the accelerator pedal.
Select hold mode while in AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D), THIRD (3) or SECOND (2) to
help the vehicle maintain traction on slippery road
surfaces, such as snow, mud, or ice.
Manually Controlling Shift
Select hold mode to use your automatic transaxle
like a four-speed manual transaxle.
Manual Transaxle Operation
Five-Speed
This is the shift pattern
for a Five-Speed
transaxle.
Shift into FIRST (1) while you are going less than
20 mph (32 km/h). If you have come to a
complete stop and it is hard to shift into FIRST (1),
put the shift lever in NEUTRAL and let up on
the clutch. Press the clutch pedal back down. Then
shift into FIRST (1).
SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal as you let
up on the accelerator pedal and shift into
SECOND (2). Then, slowly let up on the clutch
pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5): Shift into
THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5), the same
way you do for SECOND (2). Slowly let up on the
clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press
the brake pedal. Just before the vehicle stops,
press the clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and
shift to NEUTRAL.
114
NEUTRAL: Use this position when you start or
idle the engine.
REVERSE (R): To back up, press down the
clutch pedal, lift up the ring on the shift lever and
shift into REVERSE (R). Let up on the clutch
pedal slowly while pressing the accelerator pedal.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your
vehicle is moving forward could damage the
transaxle. The repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Shift to REVERSE (R) only after
your vehicle is stopped.
Shift Speeds
{CAUTION:
If you skip a gear when you downshift,
you could lose control of your vehicle.
You could injure yourself or others. Do
not shift down more than one gear at a
time when you downshift.
Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking
brake, for parking your vehicle.
115
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake, hold the brake pedal
down and pull up on the parking brake lever. If the
ignition is on, the brake system warning light will
come on. See Brake System Warning Light
on page 168.
To release the parking brake, hold the brake pedal
down. Pull the parking brake lever up until you can
press the release button. Hold the release button in
as you move the brake lever all the way down.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause
premature wear or damage to brake system
parts. Verify that the parking brake is fully
released and the brake warning light is
off before driving.
The parking brake lever is located between the
bucket seats.
116
Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle)
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running (Automatic Transaxle)
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow.
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle
with the engine running. Your vehicle
could move suddenly if the shift lever is
not fully in PARK (P) with the parking
brake firmly set. And, if you leave the
vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or
others could be injured. Do not leave your
vehicle with the engine running.
1. Hold the brake pedal down and set the
parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pushing
the lever toward the passenger side of the
vehicle and then up.
3. Turn the ignition to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you
can leave your vehicle with the ignition key in
your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P)
and your parking brake is firmly set before you
leave it. After you have moved the shift lever into
PARK (P), hold the regular brake pedal down.
Then, see if you can move the shift lever
away from PARK (P). If you can, it means that the
shift lever was not fully locked into PARK (P).
117
Torque Lock (Automatic Transaxle)
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift
your transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the
weight of the vehicle may put too much force on
the parking pawl in the transaxle. You may
find it difficult to pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
This is called “torque lock.” To prevent torque
lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into
Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) on page 117.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) before you release the
parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to
take some of the pressure from the parking pawl
in the transaxle, so you can pull the shift lever
out of PARK (P).
118
Shifting Out of Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle)
An automatic transaxle vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system which locks
the shift lever in PARK (P) when the ignition is in
LOCK. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition is turned to ON. See Automatic
Transaxle Operation on page 110.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P) while holding
the brake pedal down, try this:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition off and remove the key.
3. Pry off the cover over the shift-lock release
slot using a small, flat object. The shift-lock
release slot is located at the top of the
shift lever.
4. Insert the key into
the shift-lock release
slot and press
and hold the key.
5. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
6. Remove the key from the shift-lock release
slot, insert the key into the ignition and start
the engine.
7. Replace the shift-lock release slot cover.
Parking Your Vehicle
(Manual Transaxle)
Before leaving your vehicle, do the following:
1. Hold the brake pedal down and firmly apply
the parking brake.
2. Fully press in the clutch pedal and place
the shift lever into the gear position as
stated below:
• When parking on level ground, place the
shift lever into NEUTRAL.
• When parking downhill, place the shift lever
in REVERSE (R).
• When parking uphill, place the shift lever in
FIRST (1).
3. After shifting, turn the ignition to LOCK,
remove the key and release the clutch.
8. Apply and hold the regular brake fully
and release the parking brake.
9. Shift to the gear you want.
10. Have the system fixed as soon as you can.
119
Parking Over Things That Burn
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot
exhaust parts under your vehicle and
ignite. Do not park over papers, leaves,
dry grass, or other things that can burn.
120
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or the exhaust system
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the
gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you
cannot see or smell. It can cause
unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• The exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a
collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when
driving over high points on the road
or over road debris.
CAUTION:
has been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows
down to blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
(Continued)
121
Running the Engine While Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust
into your vehicle. See the earlier caution
under Engine Exhaust on page 121.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your
vehicle even if the climate control fan is at
the highest setting. One place this can
happen is a garage. Exhaust — with
CO — can come in easily. NEVER park in
a garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 231.
122
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the automatic transaxle shift
lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the
engine is running unless you have to.
If you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle
will not move, even when it is on fairly
level ground, always set the parking brake
and move the automatic transaxle shift
lever to PARK (P), or the manual transaxle
shift lever to NEUTRAL.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle
will not move. If you have an automatic transaxle,
see Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle)
on page 117.
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror
When you are sitting in a comfortable driving
position, adjust the mirror so you can see clearly
behind your vehicle. Grip the mirror in the center to
move it up or down and side to side. The day/night
adjustment allows you to adjust the mirror to avoid
glare from any headlamps behind you. Push or pull
the tab for daytime/night use.
Outside Manual Mirrors
The outside rearview mirrors should be adjusted
so you can see the side of your vehicle when you
are sitting in a comfortable driving position.
Adjust the outside mirrors with the control levers
on the driver and passenger doors.
The outside rearview mirrors can be folded flat
against the side of the vehicle by pushing
them toward the vehicle.
123
Outside Power Mirrors
Move the outside power mirror control to L while
adjusting the left mirror and to R while adjusting
the right mirror. Place the control in the center
position when not adjusting either mirror. To adjust
a mirror, press the the four-way control pad to
move the mirror in the desired direction. The
ignition must be turned to ON to adjust the mirrors.
The outside rearview mirrors can be folded flat
against the side of the vehicle by pushing
them toward the vehicle.
Your vehicle may have outside power mirrors.
The control for the power mirrors is located on
the driver’s side door trim.
124
Outside Convex Mirror
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things
(like other vehicles) look farther away
than they really are. If you cut too sharply
into the right lane, you could hit a vehicle
on your right. Check your inside mirror
or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Outside Heated Mirrors
If your vehicle has this feature, when you operate
the rear window defogger, the heated driver’s
and passenger’s outside power mirrors are
warmed to help clear them of ice and snow.
See “Rear Window and Outside Mirror Defogger”
under Climate Control System on page 155 for
more information.
The passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so more can be
seen from the driver’s seat. It also makes things,
like other vehicles, look farther away than they
really are.
125
Storage Areas
Glove Box
Open the glove box by pulling up on the bottom of
the handle.
Cupholder(s)
The cupholders are located in the center console
and in the rear seat center armrest. To use
the front cupholders, move the inner support
forward or backward. If your vehicle has
rear cupholders, push down on the rear seat
center armrest to use them.
Your vehicle has shopping hooks on each front
seatback for your convenience.
126
Sunglasses Storage Compartment
Front Storage Area
The sunglasses storage compartment is located
above the driver’s door. To open it, pull down and
hold the upper part of the cover. To close the
compartment, let go of the cover and the
compartment will automatically close.
Your vehicle may have a sliding storage tray
located under the front passenger seat. To use
the tray, pull up on the end of the tray and pull it
toward the instrument panel. Push the tray
toward the seat to return it to its original position.
127
Front Armrest Storage Area
Your vehicle has a front armrest storage area.
To open the storage area, pull up on the lift lever
and raise the lid. To close the storage area,
lower the lid and push it down until it latches
securely.
Roof Rack (Wagon Only)
{CAUTION:
If you try to carry something on top of
your vehicle that is longer or wider than
the roof rack — like paneling, plywood,
a mattress and so forth — the wind can
catch it as you drive along.
CAUTION:
128
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
This can cause you to lose control. What
you are carrying could be violently torn
off, and this could cause you or other
drivers to have a collision, and of course
damage your vehicle. You may be able to
carry something like this inside. But,
never carry something longer or wider
than the roof rack on top of your vehicle.
The roof rack with side rails lets you to load things
on top of your vehicle. Do not put things on top
of your vehicle that are wider or longer than
the roof rack.
Notice: Loading cargo on the roof rack that
weighs more than 220 lbs (100 kg) or hangs
over the rear or sides of the vehicle may
damage your vehicle. Load cargo so that it
rests on the slats as far forward as possible
and against the side rails, making sure to
fasten it securely.
Do not exceed the maximum vehicle capacity
when loading your vehicle. For more information
on vehicle capacity and loading, see Loading Your
Vehicle on page 236.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you are
driving, check now and then to make sure cargo is
still securely fastened.
Rear Seat Armrest
Your vehicle may have a rear seat armrest that
contains two cupholders. To access the
cupholders, pull the armrest down from the rear
seatback.
Convenience Net
The convenience net can help keep small loads
from moving during sharp turns or quick starts and
stops.
Hang the four net hooks in the metal rings on
each corner of the floor.
129
Cargo Shade (Wagon Only)
Your vehicle has a cargo shade. Pull the handle of
the shade toward the rear of the vehicle and
insert the retainer into the slot located on both
sides of the tailgate openings. To remove
the shade, release the handle after pulling it
toward you a little. The shade will retract
automatically.
Do not place items on top of the cargo shade.
130
Hideaway Rear Storage Bins
(Wagon Only)
There are various bins under the luggage
compartment floor. To access the bins, pull up on
the floor mat handle.
Sunroof
If the vehicle has this feature, the switch is located
between the map lamp buttons. The sunroof will
only operate when the ignition is turned to ON.
The sunroof can be opened to a vent position or it
can be express-opened all of the way.
The sunroof must be manually opened or closed.
To open the sunroof to the vent position, push the
front part of the switch. To return the sunroof to
its original position, push the rear part of the switch
and hold it until the sunroof reaches the desired
position.
To fully open the sunroof, push the rear part of the
switch. The sunroof will open automatically until
the front or the rear part of the switch is pushed
again. To close the sunroof, push the front part of
the switch and hold it until the sunroof is closed.
The sunroof will stop if the switch is released
during operation.
In both the vent and fully open positions, the air
flow can be adjusted for driving comfort by pushing
and holding the switch until the sunroof moves
to the desired position.
The sunroof glass panel cannot be opened or
closed if the vehicle has an electrical failure.
131
✍ NOTES
132
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ........................ 136
Hazard Warning Flashers .......................... 140
Other Warning Devices ............................. 140
Horn .......................................................... 140
Tilt Wheel .................................................. 141
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .................. 141
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ................. 142
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .......... 142
Flash-to-Pass ............................................ 143
Windshield Wipers ..................................... 143
Windshield Washer .................................... 144
Rear Window Wiper/Washer
(Hatchback and Wagon Only) ................ 145
Cruise Control ........................................... 145
Exterior Lamps .......................................... 148
Headlamps on Reminder ........................... 149
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ................. 149
Fog Lamps ................................................ 150
Instrument Panel Brightness ...................... 150
Dome Lamp .............................................. 151
Map Lamps ............................................... 151
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver ............... 152
Accessory Power Outlet(s) ........................ 152
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter ................ 153
Clock ......................................................... 154
Climate Controls ......................................... 155
Climate Control System ............................. 155
Outlet Adjustment ...................................... 159
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ............. 159
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ........ 161
Instrument Panel Cluster ........................... 161
Speedometer and Odometer ...................... 163
Trip Odometer ........................................... 163
Tachometer ............................................... 163
Safety Belt Reminder Light ........................ 164
Safety Belt Reminder Tone ....................... 164
Airbag Readiness Light ............................. 164
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............. 165
Charging System Light .............................. 167
Brake System Warning Light ..................... 168
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ........ 169
Speed Sensitive Power Steering (SSPS)
Warning Light ......................................... 170
133
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Hold Mode Light ........................................ 170
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ............ 171
Tire Pressure Light .................................... 171
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ........................ 172
Oil Pressure Light ..................................... 175
Fog Lamp Light ......................................... 176
Cruise Control Light .................................. 176
Highbeam On Light ................................... 176
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Indicator Light ........................................ 176
Door Ajar Light .......................................... 177
Trunk Ajar Light (Hatchback Only) ............. 177
Fuel Gage ................................................. 177
Low Fuel Warning Light ............................ 178
134
Audio System(s) ......................................... 178
Radio with CD (MP3/WMA) ....................... 180
Radio with Six-Disc CD (MP3/WMA) ......... 186
Using an MP3 (Radio with CD Player) ...... 194
Using an MP3 (Radio with Six-Disc
Player) ................................................... 198
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................. 202
Radio Reception ........................................ 203
Care of Your CDs ..................................... 203
Care of the CD Player .............................. 204
Integrated Windshield Antenna .................. 204
✍ NOTES
135
Instrument Panel Overview
136
The main components of your instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on
page 159.
B. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument
Panel Cluster on page 161.
C. Hazard Warning Flashers Button. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 140.
D. Digital Clock. See Clock on page 154.
E. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on
page 178.
F. Instrument Panel Brightness Control. See
Instrument Panel Brightness on page 150.
G. Hood Release. See Hood Release on
page 257.
H. Exterior Lamps Control. See Exterior Lamps on
page 148.
I. Horn. See Horn on page 140.
J. Cruise Control. See Cruise Control on
page 145.
K. Windshield Wiper Control. See Windshield
Wipers on page 143.
L. Climate Control System. See Climate Control
System on page 155.
M. Ashtray. See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter
on page 153.
N. Cigarette Lighter. See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette
Lighter on page 153.
O. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 126.
137
138
The main components of your instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on
page 159.
B. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument
Panel Cluster on page 161.
C. Hazard Warning Flashers Button. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 140.
D. Digital Clock. See Clock on page 154.
E. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on
page 178.
F. Instrument Panel Brightness Control. See
Instrument Panel Brightness on page 150.
G. Hood Release. See Hood Release on
page 257.
H. Exterior Lamps Control. See Exterior Lamps on
page 148.
I. Audio Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped).
See Audio Steering Wheel Controls on
page 202.
J. Horn. See Horn on page 140.
K. Cruise Control Buttons. See Cruise Control on
page 145.
L. Windshield Wiper Control. See Windshield
Wipers on page 143.
M. Climate Control System. See Climate Control
System on page 155.
N. Ashtray. See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter
on page 153.
O. Cigarette Lighter. See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette
Lighter on page 153.
P. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 126.
139
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
The hazard warning flashers let you warn the
police and others that you have a problem.
The front and rear turn signal lamps will flash
on and off.
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set
them up at the side of the road about 300 feet
(100 m) behind your vehicle.
The hazard warning
flasher button is located
in the center of the
instrument panel.
The hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position the key is in, and even if the key is not
in the ignition switch.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off. Press the button
again to turn the flashers off.
While the hazard warning flashers are on, the turn
signals do not work.
140
Horn
Press near or on the horn symbols on your
steering wheel pad to sound the horn.
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Your vehicle has a tilt wheel which lets you adjust
the steering wheel before you drive.
Uplevel shown, Base similar
The lever that lets you tilt the steering wheel is
located under the steering column.
To tilt the steering wheel, hold the wheel and push
the lever away from you. Then, move the wheel
to a comfortable position and pull the lever toward
you to lock the wheel in place.
Raise it to the highest level to give your legs more
room when you exit and enter the vehicle.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
• Turn and Lane-Change Signals. See Turn and
Lane-Change Signals on page 142.
• Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer. See
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on
page 142.
• Flash-to-Pass. See Flash-to-Pass on
page 143.
• Exterior Light Control. See Exterior Lamps on
page 148.
• Fog Lamps, if equipped. See Fog Lamps on
page 150.
141
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and
two downward (for left) positions. These positions
let you signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up
or down.
An arrow on the
instrument panel cluster
will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
To signal a lane change, raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever returns
by itself when it is released.
142
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the
arrows flash rapidly or do not go on at all, a signal
bulb could be burned out and other drivers will
not see your turn signal.
Replace the bulb to help avoid an accident. If the
arrow still does not flash when signaling, check the
fuse. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 346.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low beam to
high beam, push the turn signal/multifunction lever
away from you.
When the high beams
are on, a light on the
instrument panel cluster
also is on if the
ignition is turned to ON.
To change the headlamps from high beam to low
beam, pull the turn signal lever toward you.
Flash-to-Pass
HI (High Speed): Move the lever to this position
for wiping at high speed.
This feature lets you use your high-beam
headlamps to signal a driver in front of you that
you want to pass.
LO (Low Speed): Move the lever to this position
for steady wiping at low speed.
To use it, pull the turn signal/multifunction lever
toward you until the high-beam headlamps
come on, then release the lever to turn them off.
Windshield Wipers
INT (Intermittent): Move the lever to this position
to choose a delayed wiping cycle. Turn the
band on the windshield wiper lever toward FAST
or SLOW for a shorter or longer delay between
wipes. The wiper speed can only be adjusted when
the lever is in the INT position.
OFF: Move the lever to this position to turn off the
windshield wipers.
Use this lever located on the right side of the
steering wheel to operate the windshield wipers.
The ignition must be turned to ON to operate
the windshield wipers.
143
Misting Function
Move the lever toward, but not completely in, the
INT position for a single wiping cycle. Hold it
there until the windshield wipers start; then let go.
The windshield wipers stop after one wipe. If
additional wiping cycles are needed, hold the lever
toward INT longer.
Remember that damaged wiper blades can
prevent you from seeing well enough to drive
safely. To avoid damage, be sure to clear ice and
snow from the wiper blades before using them.
If they are frozen to the windshield, carefully
loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
144
Windshield Washer
To wash the windshield, pull the windshield
wiper/washer lever toward you while the ignition
turned to ON.
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
When you release the lever, the washers stop, but
the wipers continue to wipe for about two or
three cycles and either stop or resume at the
previous speed.
Rear Window Wiper/Washer
(Hatchback and Wagon only)
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
Your vehicle has a rear window washer/wiper.
Operate the rear window washer/ wiper system
by pushing the windshield wiper/washer lever away
from you.
The wiper operates continuously when the lever is
in the first position. In some vehicle models, the
wiper operates intermittently.
Washer fluid sprays onto the rear window and the
wiper operates continuously when the lever is
pushed to the second position.
Cruise Control
If your vehicle has cruise control, you can maintain
a speed of about 24 mph (39 km/h) or more
without keeping your foot on the accelerator.
This can really help on long trips. Cruise control
does not work at speeds below 24 mph (39 km/h).
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where
you cannot drive safely at a steady speed.
So, do not use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
excessive wheel slip, and you could lose
control. Do not use cruise control on
slippery roads.
145
Setting Cruise Control
3. Press the SET button and release it.
An indicator light on the instrument panel
cluster will come on to show that the cruise
control is on. See Cruise Control Light
on page 176.
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when
you are not using cruise, you might hit a
button and go into cruise when you do not
want to. You could be startled and even
lose control. Keep the cruise control switch
off until you want to use cruise control.
The cruise control
pad is located on
the right side of the
steering wheel.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Resuming a Set Speed
If the cruise control is set to a desired speed and
then turned off by applying the brake or clutch
pedal, if you have a manual transaxle, this shuts
off the cruise control. However, it does not need to
be reset. Once you are going about 24 mph
(39 km/h) or more, you can briefly press the
RESUME button.
The vehicle will go back to your chosen speed
and stay there.
If the RESUME button is held, the vehicle will
keep going faster until the button is released or
you apply the brake pedal. Do not hold the
RESUME button, if you do not want the vehicle
speed to keep increasing.
1. Press the ON/OFF button to turn cruise
control on.
2. Accelerate to the speed you want.
146
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed.
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to a higher
speed. Press the SET button, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You will
now cruise at the higher speed.
• Press the RESUME button. Hold it there until
your desired speed is reached, and then
release the button. To increase your speed
in very small amounts, briefly press the
RESUME button and then release it.
Each time you do this, your vehicle will go
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
There are two ways to reduce your speed while
using cruise control:
• Press the SET button until you reach the
lower speed you want, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, briefly
press the SET button. Each time you do
this, you will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h)
slower.
The accelerate feature will only work after the
cruise control is turned on by pressing the
SET button.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase the vehicle’s
speed. When you take your foot off the pedal,
the vehicle will slow down to the cruise control
speed set earlier.
147
Using Cruise Control on Hills
Exterior Lamps
How well your cruise control will work on hills
depends upon your speed, load and the steepness
of the hills. When going up steep hills, you may
have to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain
your speed. When going downhill, you may
have to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep your
speed down. Applying the brake pedal will turn
off the cruise control. Many drivers find this to be
too much trouble and do not use cruise control
on steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal, or press
the clutch pedal, if you have a manual
transaxle.
• Press the ON/OFF button on the cruise
control pad.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory can be
erased by turning off the cruise control or
the ignition.
148
Uplevel shown, Base similar
The lever on the left side of the steering column
operates the exterior lamps.
The exterior lamp band has three positions:
2 (Headlamps): Turn the band to this position
to turn on the headlamps, together with the
following:
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamp
• Instrument Panel Lights
The headlamps will turn off automatically when the
ignition switch is turned to LOCK or ACC.
; (Parking Lamps): Turn the band to this
position to turn on the parking lamps, together
instrument panel lights, taillamps, and license
plate lamp.
OFF: Turn the band to this position to turn
all lamps off except the Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL).
Headlamps on Reminder
If you open the driver’s door with the ignition
turned to LOCK or ACC while leaving the lamps
on, you will hear a warning chime.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
The DRL system will make your low-beam
headlamps come on in daylight when the following
conditions are met:
• The ignition is on.
• The exterior lamp band is in OFF or in the
parking lamp position.
• The parking brake is released.
An indicator light will come on when the DRL are
on. See Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Indicator Light on page 176.
When the DRL system is on, the taillamps,
sidemarker lamps, parking lamps and instrument
panel lights will not be illuminated unless you
have turned the exterior lamps control to
the parking lamp or headlamp position.
The DRL system will turn off when one of the
following conditions are met:
• The ignition is off.
• The parking brakes are on.
• The high-beam headlamps are on.
• The low-beam headlamps are on.
• The flash-to-pass feature is used.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the
regular headlamp system when you need it.
149
Fog Lamps
If your vehicle has fog lamps, use them for better
visibility in foggy or misty conditions.
The band for the front fog lamps is located in the
middle of the turn signal/multifunction lever.
While using the fog lamps, the ignition must be on
as well as the parking lamps or low-beam
headlamps.
Instrument Panel Brightness
The thumbwheel for
this feature is located
on the instrument panel
to the left of the
steering wheel.
Turn the band to ON to turn the fog lamps on. An
indicator light will come on while the fog lamps
are on. See Fog Lamp Light on page 176.
Turn the band to OFF to turn the fog lamps off.
The fog lamps will also turn off while the
high-beam headlamps are turned on. When the
high-beam headlamps are turned off, the fog lamps
will turn on again.
150
Turn the thumbwheel up to brighten the instrument
panel lights or down to dim them.
Dome Lamp
Map Lamps
The switch on this lamp
has three positions.
ON: The light comes on and stays on regardless
of whether a door is opened or closed.
O (Door): The light comes on while a door is
opened. After all of the doors are closed, the light
stays on for about seven seconds, and then
fades out. The light will also turn off when the
ignition is turned to ON.
Uplevel shown, Base similar
Your vehicle may have map lamps. To turn a lamp
on, press the button next to it. Press the button
again to turn it off.
OFF: The light remains off even when a door is
opened.
151
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s
battery against drainage from the taillamps, license
plate lamps, instrument panel lights, and parking
lamps. When the ignition is turned off, the power to
these features will automatically turn off after
5 seconds once the driver’s door is closed.
Accessory Power Outlet(s)
Accessory power outlets can be used to connect
auxiliary electrical equipment such as a cellular
telephone or CB radio.
One accessory power outlet is located on the front
of the center console below the front ashtray. For
wagon models, there may be another outlet in the
rear luggage compartment on the driver’s side.
To use the outlet, remove the protective cap.
When not in use, always cover the outlet with the
protective cap. The accessory power outlet is
operational when the ignition is turned to ACC
or ON.
152
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery.
Always turn off electrical equipment when not
in use and do not plug in equipment that
exceeds the maximum amperage rating.
Certain electrical accessories may not be
compatible with the accessory power outlet and
could result in blown vehicle or adapter fuses.
If you experience a problem, see your dealer for
additional information on the accessory
power outlet.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to
your vehicle may damage it or keep other
components from working as they should.
The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not use equipment exceeding
maximum amperage rating of 20 amperes.
Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to
follow the proper installation instructions included
with the equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can
cause damage not covered by your warranty.
Do not hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug because the
power outlets are designed for accessory
power plugs only.
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter
The front ashtray is located at the lower part of
the center of the instrument panel. To remove the
bin from the front ashtray for cleaning, open
the ashtray fully, lift up the inner bin and then pull
the bin out.
Notice: If you put papers, pins, or other
flammable items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes
or other smoking materials could ignite
them and possibly damage your vehicle.
Never put flammable items in the ashtray.
The cigarette lighter is located to the right of the
front ashtray. To use it, turn the ignition to ACC or
ON, push the cigarette lighter in all the way and
let go. When it is ready, it will pop back out
by itself.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it
is heating will not allow the lighter to back
away from the heating element when it is hot.
Damage from overheating may occur to the
lighter or heating element. Do not hold a
cigarette lighter in while it is heating.
The rear ashtray is located at the bottom of the
rear center console. Pull the ashtray toward
the rear of the vehicle to open it. To remove the
rear ashtray, press in the retaining spring and pull
the bin out.
153
Clock
Your vehicle has a digital clock. If you have the
wagon, the clock is located in the center of the
instrument panel below the air outlets. If you have a
hatchback, the clock is located in the center of the
instrument panel above the air outlets. When the
ignition is turned to ACC or ON, the time is
displayed in the digital clock. There are
three adjusting buttons for the digital clock:
H (Hour): To go forward one hour, press the
H button once. To go forward more than one hour,
press and hold the button until the correct hour
is reached.
M (Minute): To go forward one minute, press
the M button once. To go forward more than
one minute, press and hold the button until the
correct minute is reached.
S (Set): To reset the time to the nearest hour,
press the S button.
For example, if this button is pressed while the
time is between 8:00 and 8:29, the display is set to
8:00. If this button is pressed while the time is
between 8:30 and 8:59, the display is set to 9:00.
Hatchback similar
154
After disconnecting the battery or replacing the
fuse, reset the clock.
Climate Controls
To change the current mode, select one of the
following from the middle knob:
Climate Control System
E (Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
With this system you can control the heating,
cooling and ventilation for your vehicle.
( (Bi-Level): This mode directs about half of the
air to the instrument panel outlets, and then
directs the remaining air to the floor outlets.
5 (Floor): This mode directs most of the air to
the floor outlets. Some of the air will also be
directed to the windshield, instrument panel side
outlets, and the rear outlets. Be sure to keep
the area under the front seats clear to allow the
flow of air to the rear compartment.
Uplevel shown, Base similar
9 (Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan
speed. In any setting other than off, the fan
will run continuously with the ignition on. The fan
must be on in order for the air conditioning
compressor to run.
The middle knob can also be used to select the
defog and defrost modes. Information on defogging
and defrosting can be found later in this section.
Temperature Control: Turn the right knob
clockwise or counterclockwise to manually
increase or decrease the temperature inside your
vehicle. Turn the knob to the blue area to get
cool air and to the red area to get warm air.
155
A/C (Air Conditioning): If your vehicle has air
conditioning, follow these steps to use the system.
Start the engine and set the fan control knob to
the desired fan speed. The air conditioning
compressor does not operate when the fan control
knob is in the OFF position. Press the A/C
button to turn the air conditioning system on and
off. When A/C is pressed, an indicator light in
the button will come on to let you know that air
conditioning is activated.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside
air escape; then close them. This helps to reduce
the time it takes for your vehicle to cool down.
It also helps the system to operate more efficiently.
For quick cool down on hot days, do the
following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
156
Select the vent mode.
Select the highest fan speed.
Press the A/C button.
Press the recirculation button.
Select the coolest temperature.
Using these settings together for long periods of
time may cause the air inside of your vehicle
to become too dry. To prevent this from
happening, after the air in your vehicle has cooled,
turn the recirculation mode off.
The air conditioning system removes moisture
from the air, so you may sometimes notice a small
amount of water dripping underneath your
vehicle while idling or after turning off the engine.
This is normal.
? (Recirculation): This mode keeps outside air
from coming into the vehicle. It can be used to
prevent outside air and odors from entering your
vehicle or to help heat or cool the air inside
your vehicle more quickly.
Press this button to turn the recirculation mode on.
When the button is pressed, an indicator light in
the button will come on. Press this button again to
return to outside air mode.
Using the recirculation mode for extended periods
may cause your windows to fog. If this happens,
select the defrost mode.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high
humidity or moisture condensing on the cool
window glass. This can be minimized if the climate
control system is used properly. There are
two modes to clear fog or frost from your
windshield. Use the defog mode to clear the
windows of fog or moisture and warm the
passengers. Use the defrost mode to remove fog
or frost from the windshield more quickly.
Select one of these available modes from the
right knob.
É (Defog): This mode directs most of the air to
the windshield and the floor outlets. A small
amount of air is also directed to the outboard
outlets for the side windows and to the instrument
panel side outlets.
When you select this mode, the system runs the
air-conditioning compressor. To defog the windows
faster, turn the temperature control knob
clockwise to the warmest setting.
0 (Defrost): This mode directs most of the air to
the windshield and the outboard outlets for the
side windows. A small amount of air is also
directed to the instrument panel side outlets.
When you select this mode, the system runs the
air-conditioning compressor. To defrost the
windows faster, turn the temperature control knob
clockwise to the warmest setting.
Do not drive the vehicle until all windows are clear.
157
Front Heated Windshield
Your vehicle may have a heated front windshield
which can be used with defog and defrost.
This feature will only work when the ignition is
turned to ON.
The front heated windshield uses a heated
element to remove fog or frost from the bottom of
the windshield.
< (Rear): Press this button to heat the front
windshield. The button is located below the audio
system. An indicator light in the button will
come on to let you know that the feature is
activated. The front windshield heater will turn off
about ten minutes after the button is pressed.
It can also be turned off by pressing the button
again or by turning off the engine. See “Rear
Window and Outside Mirror Defogger” later in this
section for more information on this button.
158
Rear Window and Outside Mirror
Defogger
Your vehicle may have a rear window and outside
mirror defogger. This feature will only work
when the ignition is turned to ON.
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog or frost from the rear window.
Before using this feature, clear as much snow
from the rear window as possible.
< (Rear): Press this button to turn the rear
window and outside mirror defogger on or off.
An indicator light in the button will come on to let
your know that the rear window defogger is
activated.
The rear window defogger will turn off about
10 minutes after the button is pressed. The
defogger can also be turned off by pressing the
button again or by turning off the engine. See
“Front Heated Windshield” earlier in this section
for more information on this button.
Notice: Do not use anything sharp on the
inside of the rear window. If you do, you could
cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license,
tape, a decal or anything similar to the
defogger grid.
Outlet Adjustment
Use the lever located in the center of each outlet
to change the direction of the airflow. Use the
thumbwheel located below the outlets to turn them
on and off.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the
air inlets at the base of the windshield that
may block the flow of air into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front seats clear of
objects to help circulate the air inside of your
vehicle more effectively.
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Your vehicle may have a passenger compartment
air filter. It is located on the passenger side
under the glove box.
The filter traps most of the pollen from air entering
the module. Like the engine’s air cleaner/filter, it
may need to be changed periodically.
159
To change the passenger compartment air filter,
use the following steps:
3. Remove the old passenger compartment
air filter.
Wagon shown, Hatchback similar
1. Remove the four screws from the filter cover
located below the glove box.
2. Remove the filter cover.
160
4. Then reverse the steps to install the new air
filter.
Make sure that the new filter is inserted to the
correct air flow.
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages
that may be on your vehicle. The pictures will
help you locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that
something is wrong before it becomes serious
enough to cause an expensive repair or
replacement. Paying attention to your warning
lights and gages could also save you or others
from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or
is a problem with one of your vehicle’s functions.
As you will see in the details on the next few
pages, some warning lights come on briefly when
you start the engine just to let you know they
are working. If you are familiar with this section,
you should not be alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions.
Often gages and warning lights work together to
let you know when there is a problem with
your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and
stays on as you are driving, or when one of
the gages shows there may be a problem, check
the section that tells you what to do about it.
Please follow this manual’s advice. Waiting to do
repairs can be costly and even dangerous. So
please get to know your warning lights and gages.
They are a big help.
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let
you know at a glance how your vehicle is running.
You will know how fast you are going, how
much fuel you are using, and many other things
you will need to drive safely and economically.
161
Your vehicle’s instrument panel cluster includes indicator warning lights and gages that are explained on
the following pages.
Uplevel shown, Base similar
162
Speedometer and Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your vehicle’s
speed in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers
per hour (km/h).
The odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven in kilometers.
Tachometer
The tachometer
displays your engine
speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can record the number of
kilometers traveled for up to two trips.
You can cycle between the odometer and trip
odometers A and B by pressing the reset button
located in the lower right area of the speedometer.
By pressing the reset button, you can tell how
many kilometers have been recorded on either
Trip A or Trip B since you last set the trip odometer
back to zero.
Notice: If you operate the engine with the
tachometer in the shaded warning area, your
vehicle could be damaged, and the damages
would not be covered by your warranty. Do not
operate the engine with the tachometer in
the shaded warning area.
To reset each trip odometer to zero, press and
hold the reset button. The reset button resets only
the trip odometer that is displayed. Each trip
odometer must be reset individually.
163
Safety Belt Reminder Light
The safety belt light will
come on and stay on
until the driver’s
safety belt is buckled.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, the light will
not come on.
Safety Belt Reminder Tone
If your vehicle has this feature, a tone will sound
for several seconds when the ignition is turned
to ON to remind people to fasten their safety belts.
The tone will not sound if the driver’s safety belt
is already buckled.
164
Airbag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster, which shows the airbag
symbol. The system checks the airbag’s
electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells
you if there is an electrical problem. The system
check includes the airbag sensor, the airbag
modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and
diagnostic module. For more information on
the airbag system, see Airbag System on page 66.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds.
Then the light should go
out. This means the
system is ready.
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
start the vehicle or comes on when you are driving,
your airbag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after
you start your vehicle, it means the airbag
system may not be working properly.
The airbags in your vehicle may not
inflate in a crash, or they could even
inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your
vehicle serviced right away if the airbag
readiness light stays on after you start
your vehicle.
The airbag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition to ON.
If the light does not come on then, have it fixed so
it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
Your vehicle has a passenger airbag status
indicator in the clock, located in the center of the
instrument panel.
When the ignition key is
turned to ON or START,
the passenger airbag
status indicator will light
for several seconds
as a system check.
Then, after several more seconds, if the off
symbol is lit on the passenger airbag status
indicator, it means that the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag
(if equipped). See Passenger Sensing System
on page 76 for more on this, including important
safety information.
165
If the off symbol is not lit on the passenger airbag
status indicator, it means that the right front
passenger’s frontal airbag and seat-mounted side
impact airbag (if equipped) are enabled (may
inflate).
{CAUTION:
If the off symbol in the passenger airbag
status indicator does not come on when
you have a rear-facing child restraint
installed in the right front passenger’s seat,
it means that the passenger sensing
system has not turned off the passenger’s
frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped).
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag or airbags inflate.
This is because the back of the rear-facing
child restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag or airbags. Do not use a
rear-facing child restraint in the right front
passenger’s seat unless the airbag or
airbags have been turned off.
166
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag
(if equipped) if the system detects a
rear-facing child restraint, no system is
fail-safe, and no one can guarantee that
an airbag will not deploy under some
unusual circumstance, even though it is
turned off. We recommend that rear-facing
child restraints be secured in the rear
seat, even if the airbag or airbags are off.
Charging System Light
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light in the
instrument panel cluster ever comes on
and stays on, it means that something may
be wrong with the airbag system. If this
ever happens, have the vehicle serviced
promptly, because an adult-size person
sitting in the right front passenger’s seat
may not have the protection of the frontal
airbag and side airbag (if equipped).
See Airbag Readiness Light on page 164
for more on this, including important safety
information.
The charging system
light will come on briefly
when you turn on the
ignition, and the engine
is not running, as a
check to show you it
is working.
Then it should go out when the engine is started.
If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you
may have a problem with the electrical charging
system. Have it checked by your dealer. Driving
while this light is on could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such
as the radio and air conditioner.
167
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided
into two parts. If one part is not working, the other
part can still work and stop you. For good
braking, though, you need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected
right away.
This light should come
on briefly when you turn
the ignition to ON. If it
does not come on then,
have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if
there is a problem.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning
light will also come on when you set your
parking brake. The light will stay on if your parking
brake does not fully release. If it stays on after
your parking brake is fully released, it means you
have a brake problem.
168
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off
the road and stop carefully. You may notice
that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal
may go closer to the floor. It may take longer to
stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle
towed for service. See Towing Your Vehicle on
page 241.
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving with the brake system
warning light on can lead to an accident.
If the light is still on after you have pulled
off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
Anti-Lock Brake System
Warning Light
If your vehicle has an
Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS), this light will
come on when the
ignition is turned to
ON and may stay on
for several seconds.
That is normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to LOCK.
If the light comes on, stop as soon as possible and
turn the ignition off.
Then start the engine again to reset the system.
If the light still stays on, or comes on again
while you are driving, your vehicle needs service.
See your dealer. If the regular brake system
warning light is not on, you still have brakes, but
you do not have anti-lock brakes. If the regular
brake system warning light is also on, you do not
have anti-lock brakes and there is a problem
with your regular brakes. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 168.
The ABS warning light will come on briefly when
you turn the ignition to ON. This is normal.
If the light does not come on then, have it fixed so
it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
169
Speed Sensitive Power
Steering (SSPS) Warning Light
If your vehicle has
Speed Sensitive Power
Steering, this warning
light will come on briefly
when you turn the
ignition to ON as a check
to show you it is working.
Then it should go out after a few seconds.
If the warning light does not come on, have it fixed
so it will be able to warn you if there is a problem.
If the warning light stays on, or comes on while
you are driving, the system may not be working.
If this happens, see your dealer for service.
170
Hold Mode Light
If your vehicle has this
feature, this light will
come on when the hold
mode is active.
If the HOLD mode light flashes, have your vehicle
checked. See “Hold Mode” under Automatic
Transaxle Operation on page 110 for additional
information on this feature.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
Your vehicle has an
engine coolant
temperature gage.
With the ignition turned
to ON, this gage
shows the engine
coolant temperature.
If the gage pointer moves into the red area, your
engine is too hot. It means that your engine
coolant has overheated.
If you have been operating your vehicle under
normal driving conditions, you should pull off the
road, stop your vehicle and turn off the engine
as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 271.
Tire Pressure Light
This light comes on
briefly when you turn
the ignition to RUN.
This light will also come on when one or more of
your tires are significantly underinflated.
Stop and check your tires as soon as it is safe to
do so. If underinflated, inflate to the proper
pressure. See Tires on page 303 for more
information.
This light will flash for about 75 seconds and then
stay on if a problem is detected with the Tire
Pressure Monitor system.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 312
for more information.
171
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle has a
computer which
monitors operation
of the fuel, ignition,
and emission control
systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable
levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce
a cleaner environment. The Check Engine light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctions often will be
indicated by the system before any problem is
apparent. This may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle. This system is also designed to
assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
172
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with
this light on, after awhile, the emission controls
might not work as well, your vehicle’s fuel
economy might not be as good, and the engine
might not run as smoothly. This could lead
to costly repairs that might not be covered by
your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake, or fuel system
of your vehicle or replacement tires that do not
match your vehicle’s original tires can affect
your vehicle’s emission controls and may
cause this light to come on. Modifications to
these systems could lead to costly repairs not
covered by your warranty. This may also
result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 249.
When the ignition is on, this light should come on
and should go out after a few seconds as a
check to show you it is working. If the light does
not come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in
one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has
been detected. A misfire increases vehicle
emissions and may damage the emission
control system on your vehicle. Diagnosis and
service may be required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control
system malfunction has been detected on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may
be required.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do
so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park
your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least
10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light
remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On Steady”
following. If the light is still flashing, follow the
previous steps, and see your dealer for service as
soon as possible.
If the Light Is On Steady
You also may be able to correct the emission
system malfunction by considering the following:
If the Light Is Flashing
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
The following may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle:
• Reducing vehicle speed
• Avoiding hard accelerations
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully
install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 254.
The diagnostic system can determine if the
fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed.
A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to
evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving trips
with the cap properly installed should turn the
light off.
• Avoiding steep uphill grades
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
173
Did you just drive through a deep puddle
of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The
condition will usually be corrected when the
electrical system dries out. A few driving trips
should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 251. Poor fuel
quality will cause your engine not to run as
efficiently as designed. You may notice this as
stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is
warmed up.) This will be detected by the system
and cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at
least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the
light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light
turn off, your dealer can check the vehicle.
Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
174
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
Check Engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines that
critical emission control systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle
would be considered not ready for inspection.
This can happen if you have recently replaced your
battery or if your battery has run down. The
diagnostic system is designed to evaluate critical
emission control systems during normal driving.
This may take several days of routine driving.
If you have done this and your vehicle still does
not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, your dealer can prepare the vehicle for
inspection.
• If you are idling at a stop sign, the light may
Oil Pressure Light
If your vehicle has low
engine oil pressure, this
light will stay on after
you start your engine, or
come on when you
are driving.
This indicates that your engine is not receiving
enough oil. The engine could be low on oil,
or could have some other oil problem. Have it
fixed immediately by your dealer.
The oil light could also come on in three other
situations:
• When the ignition is on but the engine is not
running, the light will come on as a test to
show you it is working. The light will go
out when you turn the ignition on. If it does
not come on with the ignition on, you
may have a problem with the fuse or bulb.
Have it fixed right away.
blink on and then off.
• If you make a hard stop, the light may come
on for a moment. This is normal.
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is
low. If you do, your engine can become so
hot that it catches fire. You or others could
be burned. Check your oil as soon as
possible and have your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
175
Fog Lamp Light
Highbeam On Light
The fog lamp light will
come on when the fog
lamps are in use.
The light will go out when the fog lamps are
turned off. See Fog Lamps on page 150 for more
information.
Cruise Control Light
This light comes on
whenever you set the
cruise control.
The light goes out when the cruise control is
turned off. See Cruise Control on page 145
for more information.
176
This light comes on
whenever the high-beam
headlamps are on.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on
page 142 for more information.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Indicator Light
This light will come on
when the Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL)
are activated. See
Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) on
page 149.
Door Ajar Light
Fuel Gage
This light will stay on
until all doors are closed
and completely latched.
If the key is in the ignition while the driver’s door
is open, you will also hear a warning chime.
Trunk Ajar Light (Hatchback Only)
Your fuel gage tells
you about how much
fuel you have left when
the ignition is turned
to ON.
When the tank nears empty, the low fuel warning
light will come on. You still have a little fuel
left, but you should get more soon. See Low Fuel
Warning Light on page 178 for more information.
This light will come on
when the trunk is not
completely closed.
177
Here are four things that some owners ask about.
None of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
• At the service station, the gas pump shuts off
before the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than
the gage indicated. For example, the gage may
have indicated the tank was half full, but it
actually took a little more or less than half the
tank’s capacity to fill the tank.
• The indicator moves a little when you turn a
corner or speed up.
• The gage goes back to empty when you turn off
the ignition.
Low Fuel Warning Light
This light comes on
when the fuel tank is
low on fuel.
178
The low fuel warning light comes on when there is
about 2.0 gallons (7.5 liters) of fuel remaining in
the tank.
To turn the light off, add fuel to the fuel tank.
See Filling the Tank on page 254.
Audio System(s)
Determine which radio your vehicle has and then
read the pages following to familiarize yourself
with its features.
Driving without distraction is a necessity for a
safer driving experience. See Defensive Driving on
page 206. By taking a few moments to read this
manual and get familiar with your vehicle’s
audio system, you can use it with less effort, as
well as take advantage of its features. While your
vehicle is parked, set up your audio system by
presetting your favorite radio stations, setting the
tone and adjusting the speakers. Then, when
driving conditions permit, you can tune to
your favorite stations using the presets and
steering wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
• Set up your audio system by presetting your
{CAUTION:
This system provides you with a far greater
access to audio stations and song listings.
Giving extended attention to entertainment
tasks while driving can cause a crash and
you or others can be injured or killed.
Always keep your eyes on the road and
your mind on the drive — avoid engaging
in extended searching while driving.
Keeping your mind on the drive is important for
safe driving. Here are some ways in which you can
help avoid distraction while driving.
While your vehicle is parked:
• Familiarize yourself with all of its controls.
• Familiarize yourself with its operation.
favorite radio stations, setting the tone, and
adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving
conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite
radio stations using the presets and steering
wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment
to your vehicle, such as an audio system,
CD player, CB radio, mobile telephone,
or two-way radio, make sure that it can be
added by checking with your dealer. Also,
check federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units. If sound equipment can be
added, it is very important to do it properly.
Added sound equipment can interfere with the
operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or
other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems can interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has
been added.
179
Radio with CD (MP3/WMA)
Finding a Station
AM: Press this button to switch to an AM station.
The display shows the selection.
FM: Press this button to switch to an FM station.
The display shows the selection.
( ) TUNE: Press this button to select radio
stations.
Press the up arrows to increase or the down
arrows to decrease the radio frequencies.
¦ ¥ SEEK: Press this button to seek radio
stations.
Playing the Radio
O(Power/Volume): Press and release this knob
to turn the system on or off.
Turn the power/volume knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
volume.
Press this button for longer than two seconds to
mute the system.
180
Press the up arrows to seek the next radio station
or the down arrows to seek the previous radio
station.
SCAN/AST: Press this button to scan radio
stations. The radio goes to a station, plays for a
few seconds, then goes to the next station.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
The radio scans stations only with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
AST (Automatic Store)
3. Tune in the desired station.
Six FM1 preset stations with the strongest reception
in the region can be automatically stored. Press the
AST button for more than two seconds. The display
shows AUTO SCANNING and then SCANNING
flashes on the display. Once the stations are stored,
the radio switches to FM1 and the first preset
station begins to play. FM-A displays while listening
to the automatic stored stations. Press the AM or
FM button to cancel automatic store.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
buttons for more than two seconds. The
preset button number one through six flashes
on the display when the station has been
set. Whenever that numbered preset button is
pressed, that preset station returns.
5. Repeat the Steps 1 through 4 for each preset
button.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 24 stations (six FM1, six FM2, six AM1, and
six AM2), can be programmed on the six numbered
buttons, by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press the AM or FM button to select FM1,
FM2, AM1 or AM2.
Order of Sound Function
The order for displayed sound function is
BASS, TRE, BAL, FADE, EQ OFF, and VOL
(Bass, Treble, Fade, Balance, Equalization Off,
and Volume).
181
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
SOUND (Bass/Treble): Press this button until
BAS (bass) displays. Turn the volume knob
to increase or to decrease the bass. The display
shows the bass level. After making the selection,
press this button to set the bass level selection.
Press this button until TRE (treble) displays.
Turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease
the treble. The display shows the treble level.
After making the selection, press this button to set
the treble level selection. If a station is weak or
has static, decrease the treble.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
SOUND (Balance/Fade): To adjust the balance
between the right and the left speakers, press this
button until BAL (balance) displays. Turn the
volume knob to increase or to decrease. The
display shows the balance level. After making the
selection, press this button to set the balance level.
182
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, press this button until FAD (fade)
displays. Turn the volume knob to increase or to
decrease the fade between the front and the rear
speakers. The display shows the fade level. After
making the selection, press this button to set the
fade level.
Setting the Equalization
The order for displayed customized equalization
settings are EQ OFF, CLASSIC, DANCE,
ROCK, JAZZ, POP, VOICE, TECHNO, EQ OFF.
SOUND (Equalization): Press this button
until EQ OFF (equalization) displays to select
customized equalization settings designed
for classic, dance, rock, jazz, pop, voice and
techno. Turn the volume knob until the desired
equalization setting displays. After making
the selection, press the SOUND button to set the
equalization setting.
To cancel an equalization setting, press the
SOUND button until EQ OFF displays, turn the
volume knob until OFF displays, then press the
SOUND button again to set the equalization setting.
Playing a CD
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player pulls it in and the CD should begin
playing. Insert a CD with the ignition off.
When a CD is inserted, CDP displays. As the CD is
loading, Filecheck displays. As each new track
starts to play, Track and the track number displays.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in
the player, it stays in the player. When a CD is in
the player and the ignition is turned on, the
radio must be turned on before the CD starts
playback. When the ignition and radio are turned
on, the CD starts playing where it stopped, if it
was the last selected audio source.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be
reduced due to CD-R quality, the method of
recording, the quality of the music that has been
recorded, and the way the CD-R has been
handled. There can be an increase in skipping,
difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading
and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the
bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD
is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or
scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the
surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs
on page 203 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more
than one CD is inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play scratched or
damaged CDs, the CD player could be
damaged. While using the CD player, use only
CDs in good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
183
2 RPT (Repeat): Press this button to repeat the
current track. RPT displays. Press this button
again to turn off repeat play.
FM: Press this button to listen to the radio while a
CD is playing. The inactive CD remains inside
the radio for future listening.
3 RDM (Random): Press this button to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RDM displays. Press this button again to turn off
random play.
CD/AUX: Press this button to play a CD while
listening to the radio. CDP displays when the CD
player has been selected. The CD symbol
displays when a CD is loaded.
4 INT (Scan): Press this button to listen to the
first few seconds of each track on each loaded CD.
INTRO displays. To stop scanning press this
button again. The current track begins to play.
Press this button while a CD is playing to pause
the CD. PAUSE flashes on the display. Press
this button again to start playing the CD.
( ) TUNE (Previous/Next Track): Press the
down arrows to go to the start of the current
track or press the up arrows to go to the next track.
The track number displays. The player continues
moving backward or forward through the CD
with each press of the up or down arrows.
AM: Press this button to listen to the radio while a
CD is playing. The inactive CD remains inside
the radio for future listening.
184
EJECT: Press this button to eject a CD. This is
the only way a CD can be ejected from the player.
The CD can eject when the ignition or the radio
is turned off.
Playing an MP3/WMA CD-R Disc
If you have a radio with a single CD (MP3), it is
capable of playing an MP3/WMA CD-R disc.
For more information on how to play an MP3/WMA
CD-R disc, see “Using an MP3” in the index.
CD Messages
CHECK CD: If this message displays and/or the
CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road.
When the road becomes smoother, the CD
should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an
hour and try again.
• The format of the CD might not be compatible.
See Using an MP3 (Radio with CD Player) on
page 194 or Using an MP3 (Radio with
Six-Disc Player) on page 198 later in
this section.
• There could have been a problem while
burning the CD.
• The label could be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down
and provide it to your dealer when reporting the
problem.
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
The radio system has an auxiliary input jack
located on the lower right side of the faceplate.
This is not an audio output. Do not plug the
headphone set into the front auxiliary input jack.
An external audio device such as an iPod,
laptop computer, MP3 player, CD changer, or
cassette tape player, etc. can be connected to the
auxiliary input jack for use as another source
for audio listening.
The auxiliary input jack also accepts cell phone
connectors. Plug the cell phone connector into the
auxiliary input jack to hear a person speaking
on a cell phone during conversation through the
vehicle sound system.
185
Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary
device while the vehicle is in PARK (P). See
Defensive Driving on page 206 for more
information on driver distraction.
Radio with Six-Disc CD (MP3/WMA)
To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm
(1/8 inch) cable to the radio’s front auxiliary
input jack. While a device is connected, turn the
portable audio player on and press the radio
CD/AUX button to hear audio from the device over
the vehicle speakers.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button once
to play a CD while a portable audio device is
playing. Press this button a second time for the
system to begin playing audio from the connected
portable audio player. Once in this mode,
“Auxinput” appears on the display. If the auxiliary
jack does not detect the presence of an output
jack, the auxiliary mode does not display.
O (Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
volume of the portable player. Additional
adjustments on a portable device might be needed
to get the desired volume.
186
Playing the Radio
O(Power/Volume): Press and release this knob
to turn the system on or off.
Turn the power/volume knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
volume.
Press and hold this knob for more than
two seconds to silence the system. Press and
release this knob again to turn the sound back on.
Finding a Station
AM: Press this button to switch to an AM station.
The display shows the selection.
SCAN/AST: Press this button to scan radio
stations. The radio goes to a station, plays for a
few seconds, then goes to the next station.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
FM: Press this button to switch to an FM station.
The display shows the selection.
The radio only scans stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
( ) TUNE: Press this button to select radio
AST (Automatic Store)
stations.
Six FM1 preset stations with the strongest
reception in the region can be automatically stored.
Press the AST button for more than one second.
The display shows AUTO SCANNING and
then SCANNING flashes on the display. Once the
stations are stored, the radio switches to FM1
and the first preset station begins to play. FM-A
displays while listening to the automatic stored
stations. Press the AM or FM button to cancel
automatic store.
Press the up arrows to increase or the down
arrows to decrease the radio frequencies.
¦ ¥ SEEK: Press this button to seek radio
stations.
Press the up arrows to seek the next radio station
or the down arrows to seek the previous radio
station.
187
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 36 stations (six FM1, six FM2, six FM-A,
six AM1, six AM2, and six AM-A), can be
programmed on the six numbered buttons, by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press the AM or FM button to select FM1,
FM2, FM-A, AM1, AM2, or AM-A.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons for more than two seconds.
The channel number (CH#1 through CH#6)
flashes on the display when the station
has been set. Whenever that numbered preset
button is pressed, that preset station returns.
5. Repeat the Steps 1 through 4 for each
preset button.
Order of Sound Function
The order for displayed sound function is BASS,
TRE, FAD, BAL, EQ OFF, and VOL (Bass, Treble,
Fade, Balance, Equalization Off, and Volume).
188
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
SOUND (Bass/Midrange/Treble): Press this
button until BAS (bass) displays. Turn the
power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the
bass. The display shows the bass level. After
making the selection, press this button to select
the bass level.
Press this button until MID (midrange) displays.
Turn the power/volume knob to increase or
to decrease the midrange. The display shows the
midrange level. After making the selection,
press this button to select the midrange level.
Press this button until TRE (treble) displays.
Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to
decrease the treble. The display shows the treble
level. After making the selection, press this
button to select the treble level. If a station is weak
or has static, decrease the treble.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
Setting the EQ (Equalization)
SOUND (Balance/Fade): To adjust the balance
between the right and the left speakers, press this
button until BAL (balance) displays. Turn the
power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the
balance. The display shows the balance level.
After making the selection, press this button
to select the balance level.
SOUND (Equalization): Press this button until
EQ OFF (equalization) displays to select
customized equalization settings designed for
classic, dance, rock, jazz, pop, voice, and techno.
Turn the power/volume knob until the desired
equalization setting displays. After making
the selection, press the SOUND button to select
the equalization setting.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, press this button until FAD (fade)
displays. Turn the power/volume knob to increase
or to decrease the fade between the front and
the rear speakers. The display shows the
fade level. After making the selection, press this
button to select the fade level.
To cancel an equalization setting, press the
SOUND button until EQ OFF displays. Turn the
power/volume knob until OFF displays, then press
the SOUND button again to select the equalization
setting.
Order of Sound Function
The order for displayed sound function is EQ OFF,
CLASSIC, DANCE, ROCK, JAZZ, POP, VOICE,
TECHNO, and EQ OFF.
189
Playing a CD(s)
LOAD: Press this button to load CDs into the CD
player. This CD player holds up to six CDs.
1. Press and release the load button. A message
to select a slot number from 1 through 6
displays.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in
the player, it stays in the player. While a CD is in
the player and the ignition is turned on, the
radio must be turned on before the current CD
starts playback. When the ignition and radio
are turned on, the CD starts playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
2. Press the desired slot number. Wait for the
message to insert the disc.
3. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player pulls the CD in.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch
(8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size
CDs and the smaller CDs are loaded in the
same manner.
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Press and hold the load button for
two seconds. A beep sounds and a
message to load multiple discs displays.
2. Follow the displayed instruction on when to
insert the discs. The CD player takes up to
six CDs.
3. Press the LOAD button again to cancel
loading more CDs.
As each CD is inserted, CDP displays. As each
CD is loading, Filecheck displays.
Once playback begins, the track and track number
displays.
190
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be
reduced due to CD-R quality, the method of
recording, the quality of the music that has been
recorded, and the way the CD-R has been
handled. There can be an increase in skipping,
difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading
and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the
bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD
is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or
scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the
surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs
on page 203 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more
than one CD is inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play scratched or
damaged CDs, the CD player could be
damaged. While using the CD player, use only
CDs in good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
2 RPT (Repeat): Press this button to repeat the
current track. RPT displays. Press this button
again to turn off repeat play.
3 RDM (Random): Press this button to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RDM displays.
Press this button again to turn off random play.
4 INT (Scan): Press this button to listen to the
first few seconds of each track on each loaded CD.
INTRO displays. To stop scanning press this
button again. The current track begins to play.
5 DSC − (Previous CDC): Press this button to go
back to the start of the previous CDC.
6 DSC + (Next CDC): Press this button to go
forward to the start of the next CDC.
( ) TUNE (Previous/Next Track): Press the
down arrows to go to the start of the current
track or press the up arrows to go to the next track.
The track number displays. The player continues
moving backward or forward through the CD
with each press of the up or down arrows.
AM: Press this button to listen to the radio while a
CD is playing. The inactive CD remains inside
the radio for future listening.
FM: Press this button to listen to the radio while a
CD is playing. The inactive CD remains inside
the radio for future listening.
CD/AUX: Press this button to play a CD while
listening to the radio. CDP displays when the CD
player has been selected. The CD symbol
displays when a CD is loaded.
191
Press this button while a CD is playing to pause
the CD. PAUSE flashes on the display. Press
this button again to start playing the CD.
EJECT: Press this button to eject the CD. Press
and hold this button to eject all CDs. This is
the only way a CD can be ejected from the player.
The CD can eject when the ignition or the radio
is turned off.
Playing an MP3/WMA CD-R Disc
If your vehicle has a radio with a six-disc CD
player, it is capable of playing an MP3/WMA CD-R
disc. For more information on how to play an
MP3/WMA disc, see “Using an MP3” in the index.
CD Messages
CHECK CD: If this message displays and/or the
CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road.
When the road becomes smoother, the CD
should play.
192
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
•
•
•
•
upside down.
The air is very humid. If so, wait about an
hour and try again.
The format of the CD might not be compatible.
See Using an MP3 (Radio with CD Player) on
page 194 or Using an MP3 (Radio with
Six-Disc Player) on page 198 later in this
section.
There could have been a problem while
burning the CD.
The label could be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any
other reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error
cannot be corrected, contact your dealer. If the
radio displays an error message, write it down
and provide it to your dealer when reporting
the problem.
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
AUX IN (Auxiliary Input): The radio system has
an auxiliary input jack located on the lower
right side of the faceplate. This is not an audio
output. Do not plug the headphone set into
the front auxiliary input jack. An external audio
device such as an iPod, laptop computer,
MP3 player, CD changer, or XM™ receiver, etc.
can be connected to the auxiliary input jack for use
as another source for audio listening.
The auxiliary input jack also accepts cell phone
connectors. Plug the cell phone connector into the
auxiliary input jack to hear a person speck on a
cell phone during a conversation through the
vehicle sound system.
Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary
device while the vehicle is in PARK (P). See
Defensive Driving on page 206 for more
information on driver distraction.
To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm
(1/8 inch) cable to the radio’s front auxiliary
input jack. While a device is connected, turn the
portable audio player on and press the radio
CD/AUX button to hear audio from the device over
the vehicle speakers.
O (Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
volume of the portable player. Additional
adjustments on a portable device might be needed
to get the desired volume.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button once
to play a CD while a portable audio device is
playing. Press this button a second time for the
system to begin playing audio from the connected
portable audio player. Once in this mode,
“Auxinput” appears on the display. If the auxiliary
jack does not detect the presence of an output
jack, the auxiliary mode does not display.
193
Using an MP3 (Radio with CD Player)
MP3/WMA CD-R Disc
MP3 Format
If you burn your own MP3/WMA disc on a
personal computer:
• Make sure the MP3/WMA files are recorded
on a CD-R disc.
• Do not mix standard audio and MP3/WMA
files on one disc.
• Make sure each MP3/WMA file has a .m3u or
.wma extension, other file extensions might
not work.
• Files can be recorded with a variety of fixed or
variable bit rates. Song title, artist name, and
album are available for display by the radio
when recorded using ID3 tags version 1 and 2.
• Create a folder structure that makes it easy to
find songs while driving. Organize songs by
albums using one folder for each album.
Each folder or album should contain 18 songs
or less.
• Make sure to finalize the disc when burning an
MP3/WMA disc, using multiple sessions. It is
usually better to burn the disc all at once.
194
The player is able to read and play a maximum of
50 folders, five sessions, and 999 files. Long
file names and folder names can use more disc
memory space than necessary. To conserve space
on the disc, minimize the length of the file and
folder names. An MP3/WMA CD that was recorded
using no file folders can also be played. The
system can support up to eight folders in depth,
though, keep the depth of the folders to a minimum
in order to keep down the complexity and
confusion in trying to locate a particular folder
during playback. If a CD contains more than the
maximum of 50 folders, five sessions, and
999 files, the player lets you access and navigate
up to the maximum, but all items over the
maximum are ignored.
Root Directory
The root directory is treated as a folder. If the root
directory has compressed audio files, the directory
is displayed as ROOT. All files contained directly
under the root directory are accessed prior to any
other directory.
Empty Directory or Folder
Order of Play
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in
the file structure that contains only
folders/subfolders and no compressed files directly
beneath them, the player advances to the next
folder in the file structure that contains compressed
audio files. The empty folder does not display.
Tracks are played in the following order:
• Playback begins from the first track under the
root directory.
• When all tracks from the root directory have
played, playback continues from files,
according to their numerical listing.
• After playing the last track from the last folder,
the player begins playing again at the first
track of the first folder or root directory.
No Folder
When a CD contains only compressed files, the
files are located under the root folder. The next
and previous folder function does not function on
a CD that was recorded without folders or
playlists. When displaying the name of the folder
the radio displays ROOT.
When a CD contains only compressed audio files,
but no folders, all files are located under the
root folder. When the radio displays the name of
the folder, the radio displays ROOT.
File System and Naming
The song name in the ID3 tag is displayed. If the
song name is not present in the ID3 tag, then
the radio displays the file name without the
extension (such as MP3/WMA) instead.
Track names longer than 32 characters or
four pages are shortened. Parts of words on the
last page of text and the extension of the filename
does not display.
195
Playing an MP3/WMA
While the ignition is on, insert a CD partway into
the slot, label side up. The player pulls it in,
Loading, then Filecheck, and then MP3 or WMA
displays. The CD should begin playing. A CD plays
only while the ignition is on or ACC (accessory).
As each new track starts to play, the track number,
and the song name displays.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in
the player, it stays in the player. When a CD is in
the player and the ignition is turned on, the
radio must be turned on before the CD starts
playback. When the ignition and radio are turned
on, the CD starts playing where it stopped, if it
was the last selected audio source.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be
reduced due to CD-R quality, the method of
recording, the quality of the music that has been
recorded, and the way the CD-R has been
handled. There can be an increase in skipping,
difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading
196
and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the
bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD
is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or
scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the
surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs
on page 203 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more
than one CD is inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play scratched or
damaged CDs, the CD player could be
damaged. While using the CD player, use only
CDs in good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
All of the CD functions work the same while
playing an MP3/WMA, except for those listed here.
See “Playing a CD” earlier for more information.
SCROLL (MP3/WMA Mode Only): Press
the SOUND button for longer than two seconds.
The song title or other available information
of a song scrolls on/off. The offset is scroll on.
The scroll mode can be changed only when
the SOUND button is pressed for longer than
two seconds.
DIR (Directory): Press this button to repeat the
tracks in the current directory. DIR displays.
Press this button again to repeat the tracks in all
of the directories. ALL displays.
Press this button again to turn off repeat play.
( ) TUNE (Previous/Next Track): Press the
down arrows to go to the start of the current
track or press the up arrows to go to the next track.
The track number displays. The player continues
moving backward or forward through the CD
with each press of the up or down arrows.
INFO/DISP (Information/Display): Press this
button to display additional text information related
to the current MP3/WMA song. A choice of
additional information such as: Song Title, Album
Title, and Artist. Bit rate might also display.
When information is not available, No Info
(information) displays.
Press this button for longer than two seconds to
change display mode.
¦ ¥ SEEK (Previous/Next Folder)
(in MP3/WMA Mode): Press the up or down
arrows to change the folder. If CD-R does not have
any folder, “ROOT” flashes on the display for a
short time.
197
Using an MP3 (Radio with
Six-Disc Player)
MP3/WMA CD-R Disc
MP3 Format
If you burn your own MP3/WMA disc on a
personal computer:
• Make sure the MP3/WMA files are recorded
on a CD-R disc.
• Do not mix standard audio and MP3/WMA
files on one disc.
• Make sure each MP3/WMA file has a .m3u or
.wma extension, other file extensions might
not work.
• Files can be recorded with a variety of fixed or
variable bit rates. Song title, artist name, and
album are available for display by the radio
when recorded using ID3 tags version 1 and 2.
198
• Create a folder structure that makes it easy to
find songs while driving. Organize songs by
albums using one folder for each album.
Each folder or album should contain 18 songs
or less.
• Make sure to finalize the disc when burning
an MP3/WMA disc, using multiple sessions.
It is usually better to burn the disc all at once.
The player is able to read and play a maximum of
50 folders, five sessions, and 999 files. Long file
names and folder names might use more disc
memory space than necessary. To conserve space
on the disc, minimize the length of the file and folder
names. An MP3/WMA CD that was recorded using
no file folders can also be played. The system can
support up to eight folders in depth, though, keep
the depth of the folders to a minimum in order to
keep down the difficulty and confusion in trying to
locate a particular folder during playback. If a CD
contains more than the maximum of 50 folders,
five sessions, and 999 files, the player lets you
access and navigate up to the maximum, but all
items over the maximum is ignored.
Root Directory
Order of Play
The root directory is treated as a folder. If the root
directory has compressed audio files, the directory
is displayed as ROOT. All files contained directly
under the root directory are accessed prior to any
other directory.
Tracks is played in the following order:
• Playback begins from the first track under the
root directory.
• When all tracks from the root directory have
played, playback continues from files,
according to their numerical listing.
• After playing the last track from the last folder,
the player begins playing again at the first
track of the first folder or root directory.
Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in
the file structure that contains only
folders/subfolders and no compressed files directly
beneath them, the player advances to the next
folder in the file structure that contains compressed
audio files. The empty folder does not display.
No Folder
When a CD contains only compressed files, the
files are located under the root folder. The next
and previous folder function does not function on
a CD that was recorded without folders or
playlists. When displaying the name of the folder
the radio displays ROOT.
File System and Naming
The song name in the ID3 tag is displayed. If the
song name is not present in the ID3 tag, then
the radio displays the file name without the
extension (such as MP3/WMA) instead.
Track names longer than 32 characters or
four pages are shortened. Parts of words on the
last page of text and the extension of the filename
does not display.
When a CD contains only compressed audio files,
but no folders, all files are located under the
root folder. When the radio displays the name of
the folder, the radio displays ROOT.
199
Playing an MP3/WMA
While the ignition is on, insert a CD partway into
the slot, label side up. The player pulls it in,
Loading, then Filecheck, and then MP3 or WMA
displays. The CD should begin playing. A CD plays
only while the ignition is on or ACC (accessory).
As each new track starts to play, the track number,
and the song name displays.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in
the player, it stays in the player. When a CD is in
the player and the ignition is turned on, the
radio must be turned on before the CD starts
playback. When the ignition and radio are turned
on, the CD starts playing where it stopped, if it
was the last selected audio source.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the
quality of the music that has been recorded, and the
way the CD-R has been handled. There can be an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks,
200
and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these
problems occur, check the bottom surface of the
CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as
cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play
properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care
of Your CDs on page 203 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more
than one CD is inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play scratched or
damaged CDs, the CD player could be
damaged. While using the CD player, use only
CDs in good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
All of the CD functions work the same while
playing an MP3/WMA, except for those listed here.
See “Playing a CD” earlier for more information.
SCROLL (MP3/WMA Mode Only): Press
the SOUND button for longer than two seconds.
The song title and other available information
of the song scrolls on/off. The offset is scroll on.
The scroll mode can be changed only when
the SOUND button is pressed for longer than
two seconds.
1 DIR (Directory): Press this button to repeat the
tracks in the current directory. DIR displays.
Press this button again to repeat the tracks in all
of the directories. ALL displays.
Press this button again to turn off repeat play.
( ) TUNE (Previous/Next Track): Press the
down arrows to go to the start of the current
track or press the up arrows to go to the next track.
The track number displays. The player continues
moving backward or forward through the CD
with each press of the up or down arrows.
INFO/DISP (Information/Display): Press this
button to display additional text information related
to the current MP3/WMA song. A choice of
additional information such as: Song Title, Album
Title, and Artist. Bit rate might also display.
When information is not available, No Info
(information) displays.
Press this button for longer than two seconds to
change display mode.
¦ ¥ SEEK (Previous/Next Folder)
(in MP3/WMA Mode): Press the up or down
arrows to change the folder. If CD-R does not have
any folder, “ROOT” flashes on the display for a
short time.
201
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
SEEK: Press and release this button within
0.5 seconds to go to the next preset station.
Press and hold this button for longer than
0.5 seconds to go to the next radio station.
The radio seeks stations only with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
When playing a CD, press and release this button
within 0.5 seconds to go to the next track. Press
and hold this button for longer than 0.5 seconds to
fast forward through the tracks.
Front View of the
Steering Wheel Controls
Side View of the Volume
Control
If your vehicle has this feature, some audio
controls can be adjusted at the steering wheel.
They include the following:
PWR (Power): Press this button to turn the audio
system on or off.
Press and hold this button for less than
two seconds to silence the system. Press and
release this button again to turn the sound back on.
202
MODE: Press and release this button to select
FM1, FM2, FM-A, AM1, AM2, AM-A, or CD (MP3).
Press and release this button multiple times to
cycle through the audio playback options that are
available on your vehicle.
+ VOLUME −: Press the toggle bar located below
the + VOLUME − to adjust the volume. Press
the left side of the toggle bar, below the + (plus)
sign to increase the volume. Press the right side of
the toggle bar, below the − (minus) sign to
decrease the volume.
Radio Reception
FM Stereo
Frequency interference and static during normal
radio reception can occur if items such as
cellphone chargers, vehicle convenience
accessories, and external electronic devices are
plugged into the accessory power outlet. If there is
interference or static, unplug the item from the
accessory power outlet.
FM stereo gives the best sound, but FM signals
reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to fade in and out.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for
FM, especially at night. The longer range can
cause station frequencies to interfere with each
other. For better radio reception, most AM
radio stations boost the power levels during the
day, and then reduce these levels during the night.
Static can also occur when things like storms
and power lines interfere with radio reception.
When this happens, try reducing the treble on
your radio.
Care of Your CDs
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original
cases or other protective cases and away from
direct sunlight and dust. The CD player scans the
bottom surface of the disc. If the surface of a
CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken,
or scratched, the CD will not play properly or not
at all. If the surface of a CD is soiled, take a
soft, lint free cloth or dampen a clean, soft cloth in
a mild, neutral detergent solution mixed with
water, and clean it. Make sure the wiping process
starts from the center to the edge.
Do not touch the bottom side of a CD while
handling it; this could damage the surface. Pick up
CDs by grasping the outer edges or the edge of
the hole and the outer edge.
203
Care of the CD Player
Do not use CD lens cleaners for CD players
because the lens of the CD optics can become
contaminated by lubricants.
Integrated Windshield Antenna
The antenna is located in the windshield. It is a
very thin metal layer that outlines near the edges
of the windshield. The connector is at the top
of the windshield, where the headliner ends. For
proper radio reception, the antenna connector
at the top of the windshield needs to be properly
attached to the post on the glass.
204
If difficulty with remote transmitters is experienced,
such as a garage door opener, try pointing the
device through the very top of the windshield.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to
clear the inside windshield may damage the
antenna. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not clear the inside windshield
with sharp objects.
Make sure the inside surface of the windshield is
not scratched and that the lines on the glass
are not damaged. If the inside surface is damaged,
it could interfere with radio reception.
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle ............................................ 206
Defensive Driving ...................................... 206
Drunken Driving ........................................ 207
Control of a Vehicle .................................. 210
Braking ...................................................... 210
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................. 211
Braking in Emergencies ............................. 213
Steering .................................................... 214
Off-Road Recovery .................................... 216
Passing ..................................................... 217
Loss of Control .......................................... 219
Driving at Night ......................................... 220
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ............ 222
City Driving ............................................... 225
Freeway Driving ........................................ 226
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .................. 227
Highway Hypnosis ..................................... 228
Hill and Mountain Roads ........................... 229
Winter Driving ........................................... 231
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud,
Ice, or Snow .......................................... 235
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out ........... 236
Loading Your Vehicle ................................ 236
Towing ........................................................ 241
Towing Your Vehicle ................................. 241
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...................... 242
Towing a Trailer ........................................ 243
205
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in
your vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They
Are for Everyone on page 18.
206
{CAUTION:
Defensive driving really means “Be ready
for anything.” On city streets, rural roads,
or expressways, it means “Always expect
the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians
or other drivers are going to be careless
and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do and be ready. Rear-end
collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow
enough following distance. Defensive
driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that
distracts from the driving task makes
proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with
resulting injury. Ask a passenger to help
do these things, or pull off the road in a
safe place to do them. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and
driving is a national tragedy. It is the number one
contributor to the highway death toll, claiming
thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
• Judgment
• Muscular Coordination
• Vision
• Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most
cases, these deaths are the result of someone who
was drinking and driving. In recent years, more
than 16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths
have been associated with the use of alcohol,
with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population — choose never to drink alcohol,
so they never drive after drinking. For persons
under 21, it is against the law in every U.S. state
to drink alcohol. There are good medical,
psychological, and developmental reasons for
these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink
alcohol and then drive. But what if people do?
How much is “too much” if someone plans
to drive? It is a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of
someone who is drinking depends upon
four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before
and during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
207
According to the American Medical Association, a
180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with
a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would
reach the same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce
(120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if
each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of liquors like
whiskey, gin, or vodka.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts.
For example, if the same person drank three
double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each)
within an hour, the person’s BAC would be
close to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes
food just before or during drinking will have
a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women
generally have a lower relative percentage of body
water than men. Since alcohol is carried in body
water, this means that a woman generally will
reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same
body weight will when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in most U.S. states, and throughout
Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower.
For example, it is 0.05 percent in both France
and Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial
drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have
seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the
drinks, and how quickly the person drinks them.
208
But the ability to drive is affected well below a
BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that
the driving skills of many people are impaired at a
BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and that the
effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired
at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics
show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of
having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent,
the chance of this driver having a collision is
12 times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the
chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the
alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or
number of cold showers will speed that up.
“I will be careful” is not the right answer.
What if there is an emergency, a need to take
sudden action, as when a child darts into the
street? A person with even a moderate BAC
might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid
the collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving
that many people do not know. Medical research
shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make
crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the
brain, spinal cord, or heart. This means that when
anyone who has been drinking — driver or
passenger — is in a crash, that person’s chance
of being killed or permanently disabled is
higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very
dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions,
attentiveness, and judgment can be
affected by even a small amount of
alcohol. You can have a serious — or even
fatal — collision if you drive after drinking.
Please do not drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in
a cab; or if you are with a group, designate
a driver who will not drink.
209
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle
go where you want it to go. They are the brakes,
the steering, and the accelerator. All three systems
have to do their work at the places where the
tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or
ice, it is easy to ask more of those control systems
than the tires and road can provide. That means
you can lose control of your vehicle.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 249.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 168.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake
pedal. That is perception time. Then you have to
bring up your foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
second. But that is only an average. It might
be less with one driver and as long as two or
three seconds or more with another. Age, physical
condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs, and
frustration. But even in three-fourths of a second,
a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels
66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough space between
your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary
greatly with the surface of the road, whether it is
pavement or gravel; the condition of the road,
whether it is wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the
condition of the brakes; the weight of the vehicle;
and the amount of brake force applied.
210
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by
heavy braking — rather than keeping pace with
traffic. This is a mistake. The brakes may not have
time to cool between hard stops. The brakes
will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy
braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and
allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your vehicle’s engine ever stops while you are
driving, brake normally but do not pump the
brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to
push down. If the engine stops, you will still have
some power brake assist. But you will use it
when you brake. Once the power assist is used
up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle may have the Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS), an advanced electronic braking
system that will help prevent a braking skid.
If your vehicle has ABS,
this warning light on the
instrument panel will
come on briefly
when you start your
vehicle.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 249.
211
ABS can change the brake pressure faster than
any driver could. The computer is programmed
to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the
obstacle while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving
safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of
you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here is what happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the
computer will separately work the brakes at
each wheel.
212
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving
updates on wheel speed and controls braking
pressure accordingly.
Remember: ABS does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal
or always decrease stopping distance. If you get
too close to the vehicle in front of you, you will not
have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle
suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough
room up ahead to stop, even though you
have ABS.
Using ABS
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake
pedal down firmly and let anti-lock work for you.
You may feel a slight brake pedal pulsation
or notice some noise, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
At some time, nearly every driver gets into a
situation that requires hard braking.
If you have ABS, you can steer and brake at the
same time. However, if you do not have ABS, your
first reaction — to hit the brake pedal hard and
hold it down — may be the wrong thing to do.
Your wheels can stop rolling. Once they do, the
vehicle cannot respond to your steering.
Momentum will carry it in whatever direction it was
headed when the wheels stopped rolling. That
could be off the road, into the very thing you were
trying to avoid, or into traffic.
If you do not have ABS, use a “squeeze” braking
technique. This will give you maximum braking
while maintaining steering control. You can do this
by pushing on the brake pedal with steadily
increasing pressure.
In an emergency, you will probably want to
squeeze the brakes hard without locking the
wheels. If you hear or feel the wheels sliding,
ease off the brake pedal. This will help you
retain steering control. If you do have ABS, it is
different. See Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
on page 211.
In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
213
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the
engine stops or the system is not functioning, you
can steer but it will take much more effort.
Speed Sensitive Power Steering (SSPS)
If your vehicle has this optional steering system,
the steering system continuously adjusts the effort
you feel when steering at all vehicle speeds.
It provides ease when parking, yet a firm, solid
feel at highway speeds.
Steering Tips
It is important to take curves at a reasonable
speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents
mentioned on the news happen on curves.
Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is
subject to the same laws of physics when driving
on curves. The traction of the tires against the
road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to
change its path when you turn the front wheels.
214
If there is no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle
going in the same direction. If you have ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you will
understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on
the condition of your tires and the road surface, the
angle at which the curve is banked, and your
speed. While you are in a curve, speed is the
one factor you can control.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly apply the brakes. Both
control systems — steering and braking — have
to do their work where the tires meet the road.
Unless you have four-wheel anti-lock brakes,
adding the hard braking can demand too much of
those places. You can lose control.
The same thing can happen if you are steering
through a sharp curve and you suddenly
accelerate. Those two control systems — steering
and acceleration — can overwhelm those
places where the tires meet the road and make
you lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up
on the brake or accelerator pedal, steer the
vehicle the way you want it to go, and slow down.
Steering in Emergencies
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while
your front wheels are straight ahead.
There are times when steering can be more
effective than braking. For example, you come
over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane, or
a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a
child darts out from between parked cars and
stops right in front of you. You can avoid these
problems by braking — if you can stop in time.
But sometimes you cannot; there is not room.
That is the time for evasive action — steering
around the problem.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through
the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed.
Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve,
and then accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes — but, unless
you have anti-lock brakes, not enough to lock your
wheels.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 249.
See Braking on page 210. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision.
Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you
should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted
speeds are based on good weather and road
conditions. Under less favorable conditions you will
want to go slower.
215
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your vehicle’s right wheels have
dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder
while you are driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention
and a quick decision. If you are holding the
steering wheel at the recommended 9 and
3 o’clock positions, you can turn it a full
180 degrees very quickly without removing either
hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly,
and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you
have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive
driving at all times and wear safety belts properly.
216
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off
the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the
way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel
up to one-quarter turn until the right front tire
contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your
steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple
maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a
two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move,
since the passing vehicle occupies the same
lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds.
A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief
surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly
put the passing driver face to face with the worst
of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the
sides, and to crossroads for situations
that might affect your passing patterns. If you
have any doubt whatsoever about making
a successful pass, wait for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings,
and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead
that might indicate a turn or an intersection,
delay your pass. A broken center line
usually indicates it is all right to pass, providing
the road ahead is clear. Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid
line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want
to pass while you are awaiting an opportunity.
For one thing, following too closely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you are
following a larger vehicle. Also, you will not
have adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
217
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming
• Check your vehicle’s mirrors, glance over your
up, start to accelerate but stay in the right
lane and do not get too close. Time your move
so you will be increasing speed as the time
comes to move into the other lane. If the way
is clear to pass, you will have a running
start that more than makes up for the distance
you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel
your pass, you need only slow down and drop
back again and wait for another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow
vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that
someone is not trying to pass you as you pull
out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to
glance over your shoulder and check the
blind spot.
shoulder, and start your left lane change
signal before moving out of the right lane to
pass. When you are far enough ahead of
the passed vehicle to see its front in
your vehicle’s inside mirror, activate the right
lane change signal and move back into
the right lane. Remember that your vehicle’s
passenger side outside mirror is convex.
The vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a
time on two-lane roads. Reconsider before
passing the next vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too
rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are
not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting
to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
218
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough
friction where the tires meet the road to do what the
driver has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or
area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and
by not overdriving those conditions. But skids
are always possible.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator
pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off
the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the
way you want the vehicle to go. If you start
steering quickly enough, your vehicle may
straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid
if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,
ice, gravel, or other material is on the road.
For safety, you will want to slow down and adjust
your driving to these conditions. It is important
to slow down on slippery surfaces because
stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control
more limited.
The three types of skids correspond to your
vehicle’s three control systems. In the braking skid,
your wheels are not rolling. In the steering or
cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a
curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force.
And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle
causes the driving wheels to spin.
219
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or
braking, including reducing vehicle speed by
shifting to a lower gear. Any sudden changes could
cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the
surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding.
Learn to recognize warning clues — such as
enough water, ice, or packed snow on the road to
make a mirrored surface — and slow down when
you have any doubt.
If you have the Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS),
remember: It helps avoid only the braking
skid. If you do not have ABS, then in a braking
skid, where the wheels are no longer rolling,
release enough pressure on the brakes to get the
wheels rolling again. This restores steering
control. Push the brake pedal down steadily when
you have to stop suddenly. As long as the
wheels are rolling, you will have steering control.
220
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to
be impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night
vision problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust the inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you cannot see as well, you may need
to slow down and keep more space between
you and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your vehicle’s headlamps can light up only so
much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe
place and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as
much light to see the same thing at night as a
20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the
day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear
sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble
adjusting to night. But if you are driving, do not
wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on
glare from headlamps, but they also make a
lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or
even several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust
to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare,
as from a driver who does not lower the high
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps,
slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into
the approaching headlamps.
Keep the windshield and all the glass on your
vehicle clean — inside and out. Glare at night is
made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even
the inside of the glass can build up a film caused
by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and
flash more than clean glass would, making the
pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that the headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as the headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your
eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer
from night blindness — the inability to see in dim
light — and are not even aware of it.
221
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
And, if your tires do not have much tread left,
you will get even less traction. It is always wise to
go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall
while you are driving. The surface may get wet
suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for driving
on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see.
Even if your windshield wiper blades are in good
shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see
road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings,
the edge of the road, and even people walking.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble.
On a wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate,
or turn as well because your tire-to-road
traction is not as good as on dry roads.
222
It is wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment
in good shape and keep your windshield washer
fluid reservoir filled with washer fluid. Replace your
windshield wiper inserts when they show signs
of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or
when strips of rubber start to separate from the
inserts.
Hydroplaning
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They
may not work as well in a quick stop and
may cause pulling to one side. You could
lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of
water or a car wash, apply the brake pedal
lightly until the brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or
even going through some car washes can cause
problems, too. The water may affect your
brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you cannot, try
to slow down before you hit them.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can
build up under your tires that they can actually ride
on the water. This can happen if the road is wet
enough and you are going fast enough. When your
vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact
with the road.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if
your tires do not have much tread or if the
pressure in one or more is low. It can happen if a
lot of water is standing on the road. If you can
see reflections from trees, telephone poles,
or other vehicles, and raindrops dimple the water’s
surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just is not a hard and fast rule about
hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down
when it is raining.
223
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through
deep puddles or standing water, water can
come in through the engine’s air intake
and badly damage the engine. Never drive
through water that is slightly lower than the
underbody of your vehicle. If you cannot avoid
deep puddles or standing water, drive through
them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
(Continued)
As little as six inches of flowing water
can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and other vehicle occupants
could drown. Do not ignore police
warning signs, and otherwise be very
cautious about trying to drive through
flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
{CAUTION:
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you might at a low water
crossing, your vehicle can be carried away.
CAUTION:
224
CAUTION:
(Continued)
following distance. And be especially careful
when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself
more clear room ahead, and be prepared to
have your view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See Tires on page 303.
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city
driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip
into an unknown part of the city just as you
would for a cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and
energy. See Freeway Driving on page 226.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal.
A traffic light is there because the corner
is busy enough to need it. When a light turns
green, and just before you start to move,
check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is
the amount of traffic on them. You will want
to watch out for what the other drivers are doing
and pay attention to traffic signals.
225
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is:
Keep up with traffic and keep to the right.
Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers
are driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks
a smooth traffic flow. Treat the left lane on
a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads
to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the
freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you
should begin to check traffic. Try to determine
where you expect to blend with the flow. Try to
merge into the gap at close to the prevailing
speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your
mirrors, and glance over your shoulder as often
as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the
traffic flow.
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or
superhighways — are the safest of all roads.
But they have their own special rules.
226
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed
to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it
is slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want
to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then
use your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly
over your shoulder to make sure there is not
another vehicle in your blind spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make
certain you allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your
exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and
back up. Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite
sharply. The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce
your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any
distance at higher speeds, you may tend to think
you are going slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested.
If you must start when you are not fresh — such as
after a day’s work — do not plan to make too
many miles that first part of the journey. Wear
comfortable clothing and shoes you can easily
drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it
needs service, have it done before starting
out. Of course, you will find experienced and able
service experts in GM dealerships all across
North America. They will be ready and willing to
help if you need it.
227
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir
full? Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you
checked all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses
clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough
for long-distance driving? Are the tires
all inflated to the recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather
outlook along your route? Should you
delay your trip a short time to avoid a major
storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
228
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as highway
hypnosis? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the
wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of
awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road
with the same scenery, along with the hum of the
tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and the
rush of the wind against the vehicle that can make
you sleepy. Do not let it happen to you! If it does,
your vehicle can leave the road in less than a
second, and you could crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with
a comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors
and your instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service, or parking area and take a nap, get
some exercise, or both. For safety, treat
drowsiness on the highway as an emergency.
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that
can make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check
all fluid levels and also the brakes, tires,
cooling system, and transaxle. These parts
can work hard on mountain roads.
{CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, the brakes could
get so hot that they would not work well.
You would then have poor braking or
even none going down a hill. You could
crash. Shift down to let the engine assist
the brakes on a steep downhill slope.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different
from driving in flat or rolling terrain.
229
• Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest gear
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with
the ignition off is dangerous. The brakes
will have to do all the work of slowing
down. They could get so hot that they
would not work well. You would then have
poor braking or even none going down a
hill. You could crash. Always have the
engine running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when
you go down a steep or long hill.
230
possible.
• Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at
speeds that let you stay in your own lane.
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
could be something in your lane, like a stalled
car or an accident.
• You may see highway signs on mountains that
warn of special problems. Examples are long
grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling
rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these
and take appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency
supplies in your trunk.
Also see Tires on page 303.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom,
a supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag,
some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a
flashlight, a red cloth, and a couple of reflective
warning triangles. And, if you will be driving under
severe conditions, include a small bag of sand,
a piece of old carpet, or a couple of burlap bags to
help provide traction. Be sure you properly
secure these items in your vehicle.
231
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where the tires
meet the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between the tires
and the road, you can have a very slippery
situation. You will have a lot less traction, or grip,
and will need to be very careful.
What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on.
But wet ice can be even more trouble because it
may offer the least traction of all. You can get
wet ice when it is about freezing, 32°F (0°C), and
freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed,
blowing, or loose snow — drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile
traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels
will spin and polish the surface under the tires
even more.
Unless you have the Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS), you will want to brake very gently,
too. If you do have ABS, see Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) on page 211. This system improves
your vehicle’s stability when you make a hard
stop on a slippery road. Whether you have ABS or
not, you will want to begin stopping sooner than
you would on dry pavement. Without ABS,
if you feel your vehicle begin to slide, let up on the
brakes a little. Push the brake pedal down
steadily to get the most traction you can.
232
Remember, unless you have ABS, if you brake so
hard that your wheels stop rolling, you will just
slide. Brake so your wheels always keep rolling
and you can still steer.
• Whatever your braking system, allow greater
following distance on any slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
fine until you hit a spot that is covered with
ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice patches
may appear in shaded areas where the
sun cannot reach, such as around clumps of
trees, behind buildings, or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an
overpass may remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. If you see a
patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you are
actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in
a serious situation. You should probably stay
with your vehicle unless you know for sure that you
are near help and you can hike through the
snow. Here are some things to do to summon
help and keep yourself and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police
that you have been stopped by the snow.
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around
you. If you do not have blankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from
newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats — anything you can wrap around yourself
or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
233
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO
(carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. CO
could overcome you and kill you. You
cannot see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away
snow from around the base of your
vehicle, especially any that is blocking the
exhaust pipe. And check around again
from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be
careful.
Open a window just a little on the side of
the vehicle that is away from the wind.
This will help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must.
This saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it
go a little faster than just idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat
that you get and it keeps the battery charged.
234
You will need a well-charged battery to restart the
vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with
your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window
almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start
the engine again and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as
little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as
you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of
the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you
will need to spin the wheels, but you do not
want to spin your wheels too fast. The method
known as rocking can help you get out when you
are stuck, but you must use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your vehicle’s tires spin at high
speed, they can explode, and you or others
could be injured. And, the transaxle or
other parts of the vehicle can overheat.
That could cause an engine compartment
fire or other damage. When you are stuck,
spin the wheels as little as possible. Do not
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as
shown on the speedometer.
Notice: Spinning the wheels can destroy parts
of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you
spin the wheels too fast while shifting
the transaxle back and forth, you can destroy
the transaxle. See Rocking Your Vehicle to
Get It Out on page 236.
For information about using tire chains on your
vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 323.
235
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
Loading Your Vehicle
First, turn the steering wheel left and right.
That will clear the area around the front wheels.
Then shift back and forth between REVERSE (R)
and a forward gear, or with a manual transaxle,
between FIRST (1) or SECOND (2) and
REVERSE (R), spinning the wheels as little as
possible. Release the accelerator pedal while you
shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning
the wheels in the forward and reverse directions,
you will cause a rocking motion that may free your
vehicle. If that does not get your vehicle out
after a few tries, it may need to be towed out.
If your vehicle does need to be towed out,
see Towing Your Vehicle on page 241.
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the
Maximum Load weight and includes the weight of
all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installed
options. Two labels on your vehicle show how
much weight it may properly carry; the Tire and
Loading Information label and the Certification
label.
236
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
Tire and Loading Information Label
A vehicle specific tire and loading information label
shows the seating capacity and the maximum
load your vehicle can properly carry. This label
also contains your vehicle’s original equipment tire
size and the recommended tire inflation pressure.
For more information on tires and inflation see
Tires on page 303 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 311. The tire and loading information label
is attached inside the glove box of the five door
hatchback model. The tire and loading information
label for the wagon is attached to the vehicle’s
center pillar, below the driver’s door latch.
There is also important loading information on the
Certification label. It tells you the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for the front and rear axle; see
“Certification Label” later in this section.
Label Example – 5 Door Hatchback
Label Example – Wagon
237
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the “Maximum Load” amount
printed on the Tire and Loading Information
label.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver
and passengers that will be riding in your
vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver
and passengers from the maximum load
amount, shown in pounds and kilograms.
4. The resulting figure equals the available
amount of cargo and luggage load capacity.
For example, if the “maximum load” amount
equals 1400 lbs and there will be five 150 lb
passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage
and cargo being loaded on the vehicle.
That weight may not safely exceed the
available cargo and luggage load capacity
calculated in Step 4.
238
Example 1
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Maximum Load
for Example 1 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
300 lbs (136 kg)
700 lbs (317 kg)
Example 2
Item
A
B
C
Description
Total
Vehicle Maximum Load
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
for Example 2 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
750 lbs (340 kg)
(68 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo Weight = 250 lbs (113 kg)
Example 3
Item
A
B
C
Description
Total
Vehicle Maximum Load
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
for Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
(91 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo Weight = 0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information
label for specific information about your vehicle’s
maximum load weight and seating positions.
The combined weight of the driver, passengers,
and cargo should never exceed your vehicle’s
maximum load weight.
239
Certification Label
{CAUTION:
Label Example
A vehicle specific certification label is attached to
the center pillar, near the driver’s door latch.
This label tells you the gross weight capacity of
your vehicle, called the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the weight
of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either
the front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should
spread it out. See “Steps for Determining Correct
Load Limit” earlier in this section.
240
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
If you put things inside your vehicle — like
suitcases, tools, packages, or anything else — they
will go as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to
stop or turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they will
keep going.
Towing
{CAUTION:
Towing Your Vehicle
Things you put inside your vehicle can
strike and injure people in a sudden stop
or turn, or in a crash.
• Put things in the trunk of your vehicle.
In a trunk, put them as far forward as
you can. Try to spread the weight
evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like
suitcases, inside the vehicle so that
some of them are above the tops of
the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child
restraint in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down
unless you need to.
Consult your dealer or a professional towing
service if you need to have your disabled vehicle
towed. See Roadside Assistance Program on
page 394.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another
vehicle for recreational purposes (such as
behind a motorhome), see “Recreational Vehicle
Towing” following.
241
Recreational Vehicle Towing
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your
vehicle behind another vehicle, such as behind a
motorhome. The two most common types of
recreational vehicle towing are known as “dinghy
towing” (towing your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground) and “dolly towing” (towing
your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).
See your dealer or trailering professional
for additional advice and equipment
recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as
you would prepare your vehicle for a long
trip, you will want to make sure your vehicle is
prepared to be towed. See Before Leaving
on a Long Trip on page 227.
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
Here are some important things to consider before
you do recreational vehicle towing:
• What is the towing capacity of the towing
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they
can tow.
242
Dinghy Towing
Notice: If you tow your vehicle with all
four wheels on the ground, the drivetrain
components could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not tow your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground.
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with
all four wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must
be towed, you should use a dolly. See “Dolly
Towing” that follows for more information.
Dolly Towing
Notice: Towing your vehicle from the rear
with the front wheels on the ground could
cause transaxle damage. Do not tow the
vehicle from the rear with the front wheels
on the road.
3. Put the vehicle in NEUTRAL (N).
4. Set the parking brake and then remove
the key.
5. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position.
6. Release the parking brake.
Towing a Trailer
Do not use your vehicle to tow a trailer. The vehicle
is not designed or intended for such a use. Towing
a trailer can adversely affect handling, durability
and fuel economy.
Your vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To tow
your vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. Turn the ignition to ACC.
243
✍ NOTES
244
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ........................................................ 248
Accessories and Modifications ................... 249
California Proposition 65 Warning .............. 249
Doing Your Own Service Work .................. 250
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .......................................... 251
Fuel ............................................................. 251
Gasoline Octane ........................................ 251
Gasoline Specifications .............................. 251
California Fuel ........................................... 252
Additives ................................................... 252
Fuels in Foreign Countries ........................ 253
Filling the Tank ......................................... 254
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ............... 256
Checking Things Under the Hood .............. 256
Hood Release ........................................... 257
Engine Compartment Overview .................. 258
Engine Oil ................................................. 260
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ............................ 264
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ......................... 266
Manual Transaxle Fluid ............................. 266
Hydraulic Clutch ........................................ 266
Engine Coolant .......................................... 268
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............ 271
Engine Overheating ................................... 271
Cooling System ......................................... 273
Power Steering Fluid ................................. 279
Windshield Washer Fluid ........................... 280
Brakes ...................................................... 281
Battery ...................................................... 284
Jump Starting ............................................ 285
Headlamp Aiming ........................................ 290
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 290
Halogen Bulbs ........................................... 290
Headlamps ................................................ 290
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps .......... 292
Turn Signal Lamps (Side) .......................... 293
Sidemarker Lamps (Front) ......................... 294
Sidemarker Lamps (Rear) .......................... 295
245
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL)
(Hatchback) ............................................ 296
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL)
(Wagon) ................................................. 297
Taillamps, Turn Signal, and Stoplamps
(Hatchback) ............................................ 298
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps (Wagon) ........................ 299
Taillamps, Stoplamps and Back-up Lamps
(Hatchback) ............................................ 300
License Plate Lamp ................................... 301
Replacement Bulbs ................................... 301
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ....... 302
Tires ............................................................ 303
Tire Sidewall Labeling ............................... 304
Tire Terminology and Definitions ............... 307
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................. 311
Tire Pressure Monitor System ................... 312
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...................... 316
When It Is Time for New Tires .................. 317
246
Buying New Tires ...................................... 318
Different Size Tires and Wheels ................ 319
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..................... 320
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ............ 321
Wheel Replacement .................................. 322
Tire Chains ............................................... 323
If a Tire Goes Flat .................................... 324
Changing a Flat Tire ................................. 324
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools .......... 326
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire ............................................. 329
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ...... 333
Compact Spare Tire .................................. 334
Appearance Care ........................................ 335
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .......... 335
Fabric/Carpet ............................................. 337
Leather ...................................................... 338
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces ..................................... 338
Care of Safety Belts .................................. 339
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Weatherstrips ............................................ 339
Washing Your Vehicle ............................... 339
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ................ 340
Finish Care ............................................... 340
Windshield and Wiper Blades .................... 340
Aluminum Wheels ...................................... 341
Tires ......................................................... 342
Sheet Metal Damage ................................. 342
Finish Damage .......................................... 342
Underbody Maintenance ............................ 342
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................ 343
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ............ 343
Vehicle Identification .................................. 344
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ........... 344
Service Parts Identification Label ............... 345
Electrical System ........................................ 345
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..................... 345
Headlamp Wiring ....................................... 346
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................ 346
Power Windows and Other Power
Options .................................................. 346
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ....................... 346
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ..................... 347
Engine Compartment Fuse Block ............... 349
Capacities and Specifications .................... 352
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..... 353
Engine Drive Belt Routing ......................... 354
247
Service
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you will go
to your dealer for all your service needs. You will
get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and
supported service people.
248
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all
GM. Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Accessories and Modifications
California Proposition 65 Warning
When you add non-GM accessories to your vehicle
they can affect your vehicle’s performance and
safety, including such things as, airbags, braking,
stability, ride and handling, emissions systems,
aerodynamics, durability, and electronic systems
like anti-lock brakes, traction control and stability
control. Some of these accessories may even
cause malfunction or damage not covered by
warranty.
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain
and/or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and
systems (including some inside the vehicle), many
fluids, and some component wear by-products
contain and/or emit these chemicals.
GM Accessories are designed to complement and
function with other systems on your vehicle.
Your GM dealer can accessorize your vehicle
using genuine GM Accessories. When you go to
your GM dealer and ask for GM Accessories,
you will know that GM-trained and supported
service technicians will perform the work using
genuine GM Accessories.
249
Doing Your Own Service Work
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could
be damaged if you try to do service work
on a vehicle without knowing enough
about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement
parts, and tools before you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts,
and other fasteners. English and metric
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
250
If you want to do some of your own service work,
you will want to use the proper service manual.
It tells you much more about how to service your
vehicle than this manual can. To order the
proper service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 406.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to do your own service work, see
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on
page 82.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts
and list the mileage and the date of any service
work you perform. See Part E: Maintenance
Record on page 384.
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your
vehicle can affect the airflow around it. This may
cause wind noise and affect windshield washer
performance. Check with your dealer before
adding equipment to the outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part
of the proper maintenance of your vehicle.
To help keep the engine clean and maintain
optimum vehicle performance, GM recommends
the use of gasoline advertised as TOP TIER
Detergent Gasoline.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted
octane rating of 87 or higher. If the octane rating is
less than 87, you may notice an audible knocking
noise when you drive, commonly referred to as
spark knock. If this occurs, use a gasoline rated at
87 octane or higher as soon as possible. If you are
using gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher and you
hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
Gasoline Specifications
At a minimum, gasoline should meet ASTM
specification D 4814 in the United States or
CAN/CGSB-3.5 in Canada. Some gasolines may
contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT). General Motors recommends against the
use of gasolines containing MMT. See Additives
on page 252 for additional information.
251
California Fuel
Additives
If your vehicle is certified to meet California
Emissions Standards, it is designed to operate
on fuels that meet California specifications.
See the underhood emission control label. If this
fuel is not available in states adopting California
emissions standards, your vehicle will operate
satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction
indicator lamp may turn on and your vehicle may
fail a smog-check test. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 172. If this occurs, return to
your authorized GM dealer for diagnosis. If it is
determined that the condition is caused by the type
of fuel used, repairs may not be covered by
your warranty.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United
States are now required to contain additives
that will help prevent engine and fuel system
deposits from forming, allowing your emission
control system to work properly. In most cases,
you should not have to add anything to your fuel.
However, some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required to meet
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
To help keep fuel injectors and intake valves
clean, or if your vehicle experiences problems due
to dirty injectors or valves, look for gasoline that
is advertised as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline.
Also, your dealer has additives that will help
correct and prevent most deposit-related problems.
252
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as
ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines
may be available in your area. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines if they
comply with the specifications described earlier.
However, E85 (85% ethanol) and other fuels
containing more than 10% ethanol must not be
used in vehicles that were not designed for
those fuels.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for
fuel that contains methanol. Do not use
fuel containing methanol. It can corrode metal
parts in the fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage would
not be covered under your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing
additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you
buy gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT.
General Motors recommends against the use of
such gasolines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce
the life of spark plugs and the performance of
the emission control system may be affected.
The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on.
If this occurs, return to your dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside
the United States or Canada, the proper fuel might
be hard to find. Never use leaded gasoline or
any other fuel not recommended in the previous
text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of
improper fuel would not be covered by your
warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business
in the country where you will be driving.
253
Filling the Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire
can cause bad injuries. To help avoid
injuries to you and others, read and follow
all the instructions on the pump island.
Turn off your engine when you are
refueling. Do not smoke if you are near fuel
or refueling your vehicle. Do not use
cellular phones. Keep sparks, flames, and
smoking materials away from fuel. Do not
leave the fuel pump unattended when
refueling your vehicle. This is against the
law in some places. Do not re-enter vehicle
while pumping fuel. Keep children away
from the fuel pump; never let children
pump fuel.
To open the fuel filler
door, pull up on the
release lever located
on the floor on the
outboard side of
the driver’s seat.
The tethered fuel cap
is located behind a
hinged fuel door on the
passenger’s side of
the vehicle.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it;
if the cap is released too soon, it will spring back
to the right.
254
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Fuel can spray out on you if you open
the fuel cap too quickly. This spray can
happen if your tank is nearly full, and is
more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel
cap slowly and wait for any hiss noise to
stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way.
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do
not remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow
of fuel by shutting off the pump or by
notifying the station attendant. Leave the
area immediately.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill
the tank and wait a few seconds after you have
finished pumping before removing the nozzle.
Clean fuel from painted surfaces as soon as
possible. See Washing Your Vehicle on page 339.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to
get the right type. Your dealer can get one
for you. If you get the wrong type, it may not
fit properly. This may cause your malfunction
indicator lamp to light and may damage
your fuel tank and emissions system. See
Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 172.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until it clicks. Make sure the cap is fully
installed. The diagnostic system can determine
if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into
the atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 172.
255
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while
it is in your vehicle. Static electricity
discharge from the container can ignite the
gasoline vapor. You can be badly burned
and your vehicle damaged if this occurs.
To help avoid injury to you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup
bed, or on any surface other than the
ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with
the inside of the fill opening before
operating the nozzle. Contact should
be maintained until the filling is
complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
• Do not use a cellular phone while
pumping gasoline.
256
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing, and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine
parts and start a fire. These include
liquids like fuel, oil, coolant, brake fluid,
windshield washer and other fluids, and
plastic or rubber. You or others could be
burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the hood
release handle
inside the vehicle.
It is located on the
lower left side
of the instrument
panel.
3. Lift the hood, release the hood prop from its
retainer and place the hood prop into the slot
in the hood.
4. Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler
caps are on properly. Then lift the hood to
relieve pressure on the hood prop. Remove
the hood prop from the slot in the hood
and return the prop to its retainer. Lower the
hood 12 inches (30 cm) above the vehicle
and release it to latch fully. Check to
make sure the hood is closed and repeat the
process if necessary.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and
lift up the secondary hood release lever.
The secondary hood release lever is located
under the front center of the hood.
257
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the engine, here is what you will see:
258
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 264.
B. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine
Oil” under Engine Oil on page 260.
C. Engine Oil Dipstick. See “Checking Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 260.
D. Brake Fluid/Hydraulic Clutch Fluid Reservoir.
See “Brake Fluid” under Brakes on page 281
and Hydraulic Clutch on page 266.
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power
Steering Fluid on page 279.
F. Engine Coolant Surge Tank. See Cooling
System on page 273.
G. Engine Compartment Fuse Block. See Engine
Compartment Fuse Block on page 349.
H. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See
“Adding Washer Fluid” under Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 280.
I. Battery. See Battery on page 284.
259
Checking Engine Oil
Engine Oil
If the engine oil
pressure light appears
on the instrument
cluster, check the
engine oil level
right away.
For more information, see Oil Pressure Light on
page 175. You should check the engine oil
level regularly; this is an added reminder.
260
It is a good idea to check the engine oil every time
you get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading,
the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be
on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 258
for the location of the engine oil dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil several
minutes to drain back into the oil pan. If you
do not do this, the oil dipstick might not
show the actual level.
2. Pull the dipstick and clean it with a paper
towel or cloth, then push it back in all the
way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down
and check the level.
When to Add Engine Oil
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If the
engine has so much oil that the oil level
gets above the upper hole (A) that shows
the proper operating range, the engine could
be damaged.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 258
for the location of the engine oil fill cap.
If the oil is below the lower hole at the tip of
the dipstick (B), you need to add at least
one quart/liter of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This section explains what kind of oil
to use. For engine oil crankcase capacity,
see Capacities and Specifications on page 352.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating range, between
the holes on the dipstick. Push the dipstick all
the way back in when you are through.
261
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is
best for your vehicle.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other
viscosity oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should
also have the starburst
symbol on the
container. This symbol
indicates that the oil
has been certified by the
American Petroleum
Institute (API).
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM
Standard GM6094M. Look for and use only
an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.
262
Look for this information on the oil container, and
use only those oils that are identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst
symbol on the front of the oil container.
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as
meeting GM Standard GM6094M and showing
the American Petroleum Institute Certified
For Gasoline Engines starburst symbol.
Failure to use the recommended oil can
result in engine damage not covered by your
warranty.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements
for your vehicle.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both provide
easier cold starting and better protection for
the engine at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to the oil. The recommended
oils with the starburst symbol that meet
GM Standard GM6094M are all you need for
good performance and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
If any one of these is true for you, use the
short trip/city maintenance schedule:
• Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
• Most trips include extensive idling, such as
frequent driving in stop-and-go traffic.
• You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier
on top of your vehicle.
• The vehicle is used for delivery service,
police, taxi, or other commercial application.
Driving under these conditions causes engine oil
to break down sooner. If any one of these is
true for your vehicle, change the oil and filter every
3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months, whichever
occurs first.
If none of them is true, use the long trip/highway
maintenance schedule. Change the oil and
filter every 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months,
whichever occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a
fully warmed engine under highway conditions will
cause engine oil to break down slower.
263
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may
be unhealthy for your skin and could even cause
cancer. Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very
long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly
dispose of clothing or rags containing used engine
oil. See the manufacturer’s warnings about the use
and disposal of oil products.
The engine air cleaner/filter is located in the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 258 for more information on location.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by
putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used
oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of
used oil, ask your dealer, a service station, or a
local recycling center for help.
264
When to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the engine air cleaner/filter every
15,000 miles (25 000 km) and replace it every
30,000 miles (50 000 km). If you are driving
in dusty/dirty conditions, inspect the filter at each
engine oil change.
How to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the engine air cleaner/filter remove the
filter from the vehicle and lightly shake the filter
to release loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains
caked with dirt, a new filter is required.
To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off can cause you or others
to be burned. The air cleaner not only
cleans the air; it helps to stop flames if
the engine backfires. If it is not there and
the engine backfires, you could be
burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
1. Remove the four screws that hold the cover on.
2. Lift off the cover.
3. Inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
4. Put the cover back on tightly and tighten
the screws.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire
can cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt
can easily get into your engine, which will
damage it. Always have the air cleaner/filter
in place when you are driving.
See Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services on
page 358 for replacement intervals.
265
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Manual Transaxle Fluid
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid
level. If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to
the dealership service department and have it
repaired as soon as possible. You may also have
your fluid level checked by your dealer or
service center when you have your oil changed.
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid
level. A transaxle fluid leak is the only reason for
fluid loss. If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to
the dealership service department and have
it repaired as soon as possible. See Part D:
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 382
for the proper fluid to use.
Notice: Use of automatic transaxle fluid
labeled other than ESSO LT71141 or
TOTAL ATF H50235 may damage your vehicle,
and the damages may not be covered by
your warranty. Always use ESSO LT71141
or TOTAL ATF H50235 labeled automatic
transaxle fluid.
266
Hydraulic Clutch
There is one reservoir for both the brake and the
hydraulic clutch fluid. See Brakes on page 281
for more information.
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your vehicle is
self-adjusting. The master cylinder reservoir
is filled with hydraulic fluid.
It is not necessary to regularly check the fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system.
Adding fluid will not correct a leak.
How to Check and Add Fluid
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired.
When to Check and What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
how often you should check the fluid level in
your master cylinder reservoir and for the proper
fluid. See Part B: Owner Checks and Services
on page 374 and Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 382.
You do not need to check the fluid level unless
you suspect a clutch problem. To check the
fluid level, look on the side of the reservoir. If the
fluid reaches the MAX (A) mark on the reservoir,
the fluid level is correct. The reservoir is
located near the back of the engine compartment
on the driver’s side of the vehicle. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 258 for
more information on location.
267
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is
designed to remain in your vehicle for five years
or 150,000 miles (240 000 km), whichever
occurs first, if you add only DEX-COOL® extended
life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and
how to add coolant when it is low. If you have
a problem with engine overheating, see Engine
Overheating on page 271.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down to
−34°F (−37°C).
• Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine temperature.
• Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
268
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core,
or radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing sooner, at
the first maintenance service after each
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water
and one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will
not damage aluminum parts. If you use this coolant
mixture, you do not need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant
mixture, your engine could overheat and be
badly damaged. The repair cost would not be
covered by your warranty. Too much water
in the mixture can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core, and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a
year, have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use extra inhibitors and/or
additives in your vehicle’s cooling system,
you could damage your vehicle. Use only the
proper mixture of the engine coolant listed
in this manual for the cooling system.
See Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 382 for more information.
269
Checking Coolant
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when
the engine and radiator are hot can allow
steam and scalding liquids to blow out
and burn you badly. Never turn the surge
tank pressure cap — even a little — when
the engine and radiator are hot.
The engine coolant surge tank is located in the rear
of the engine compartment on the driver’s side of
the vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 258 for more information on location.
270
To check the engine coolant, the vehicle must be
on a level surface. When your engine is cold,
the coolant level should be between the
Maximum (A) and Minimum (B) marks on the
coolant surge tank. The level rises at engine
operation temperature and drops again when the
engine cools down.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture at the coolant surge
tank, but only when the engine is cool. If the
coolant surge tank is empty, a special fill
procedure is necessary. See Engine Overheating
on page 271 for instructions on “How to Add
Coolant to the Coolant Surge Tank.”
{CAUTION:
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly
installed, coolant loss and possible engine
damage may occur. Be sure the cap is properly
and tightly secured.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel cluster. See Engine
Coolant Temperature Gage on page 171.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol, and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight and fully seated.
271
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can
burn you badly, even if you just open the
hood. Stay away from the engine if you
see or hear steam coming from it.
Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down.
Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned.
Stop your engine if it overheats, and get
out of the vehicle until the engine is cool.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because
you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle
can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
272
If No Steam Is Coming From
Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning, but see or
hear no steam, the problem may not be too
serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little
too hot when you:
• Climb a long hill on a hot day.
• Stop after high-speed driving.
• Idle for long periods in traffic.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of
steam, try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in
NEUTRAL (N) while stopped. If it is safe to do
so, pull off the road, shift to PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) and let the engine idle.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest
fan speed and open the windows as
necessary.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for
about 10 minutes. If the warning does not come
back on, you can drive normally.
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is
what you will see:
If the warning continues and you have not
stopped, pull over, stop, and park your vehicle
right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, you can idle the
engine for three minutes while you are parked.
If you still have the warning, turn off the engine
and get everyone out of the vehicle until it
cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood, but to get
service help right away.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fan
273
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the
hood can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing, and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
Heater and radiator hoses, and other
engine parts, can be very hot. Do not
touch them. If you do, you can be burned.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is
boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down.
The vehicle should be parked on a level surface.
Make sure that the air conditioning is turned off.
The coolant level should be between the Minimum
and Maximum marks on the coolant surge tank
when the engine is cool. If it is not, you may have
a leak at the pressure cap or in the radiator
hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump, or
somewhere else in the cooling system.
274
Do not run the engine if there is a leak.
If you run the engine, it could lose all
coolant. That could cause an engine fire,
and you could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive the vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on,
check to see if the electric engine cooling fan
is running. If the engine is overheating, the
fan should be running. If it is not, your vehicle
needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your
engine without coolant is not covered by your
warranty.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
Notice: This vehicle has a specific coolant fill
procedure. Failure to follow this procedure
could cause your engine to overheat and
be severely damaged.
If you have not found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is
visible but the coolant level is not between the
Minimum and Maximum marks, add a 50/50 mixture
of clean, drinkable water and proper coolant at
the coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure
cap, is cool before you do it. See Engine Coolant on
page 268 for more information.
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add
coolant as follows:
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot
cooling system can blow out and burn
you badly. They are under pressure, and if
you turn the coolant surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — they can come out at
high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait for
the cooling system and coolant surge
tank pressure cap to cool if you ever have
to turn the pressure cap.
275
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and a proper coolant.
276
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and
crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts. Use the recommended coolant
and the proper coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
1. You can remove the coolant surge tank
pressure cap when the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise
about two or two and one-half turns.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop.
This will allow any pressure still left to be
vented out the discharge hose.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly,
and remove it.
277
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,
start the engine and let it run until you can
feel the upper radiator hose getting hot.
Watch out for the engine cooling fan.
By this time, the coolant level inside the
coolant surge tank may be lower. If the level
is lower than the Maximum mark, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant
surge tank until the level reaches the mark.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure cap is hand-tight and fully seated.
See your dealer, if necessary.
3. Fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture to the Maximum mark on the
coolant surge tank. Wait about five minutes,
then check to see if the level is below the
mark. If the level is below the Maximum mark,
add additional coolant to bring the level up
to the mark. Repeat this procedure until
the level remains constant at the Maximum
mark for at least five minutes.
278
Power Steering Fluid
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid reservoir is located toward
the front of the engine compartment on the
driver’s side of the vehicle. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 258 for reservoir
location.
It is not necessary to regularly check power
steering fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in
the system or you hear an unusual noise.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off and let the engine compartment
cool down. Then check the fluid level.
The level should be between the MIN (B) and
MAX (A) marks on the reservoir. If the level
is below the MIN (B) mark, add the power steering
fluid to the appropriate level. Replace the cap
and completely tighten it.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 382. Always use the proper fluid. Failure
to use the proper fluid can cause leaks and
damage hoses and seals.
279
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure
to read the manufacturer’s instructions before
use. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area
where the temperature may fall below freezing,
use a fluid that has sufficient protection against
freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until
the tank is full. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 258
for reservoir location.
280
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions
for adding water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to
freeze and damage your washer fluid tank
and other parts of the washer system.
Also, water does not clean as well as
washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it is very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing
occurs, which could damage the tank if it
is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
The master cylinder
reservoir is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 258
for the location of
the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid
level in the reservoir might go down. The first
is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear. When
new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back
up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out of
the brake system. If it is, you should have the
brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later the brakes will not work well, or
will not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to top off the brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you
add fluid when the linings are worn, then you will
have too much fluid when you get new brake
linings. You should add or remove brake fluid,
as necessary, only when work is done on
the brake hydraulic system
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has too much brake fluid, it
can spill on the engine. The fluid will burn if
the engine is hot enough. You or others
could be burned, and your vehicle could be
damaged. Add brake fluid only when work
is done on the brake hydraulic system.
When the brake fluid falls to a low level, the brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 168.
281
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3
brake fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only. See Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 382.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and
the area around the cap before removing it.
This helps keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in the brake
system, the brakes may not work well, or
they may not even work at all. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper
brake fluid.
282
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just a
few drops of mineral-based oil, such
as engine oil, in the brake system can
damage brake system parts so badly that
they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can
be damaged. Be careful not to spill brake
fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it
off immediately. See Washing Your Vehicle
on page 339.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that
make a high-pitched warning sound when the
brake pads are worn and new pads are needed.
The sound can come and go or be heard all
the time your vehicle is moving, except when you
are pushing on the brake pedal firmly.
{CAUTION:
Some driving conditions or climates can cause a
brake squeal when the brakes are first applied
or lightly applied. This does not mean something
is wrong with the brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated,
inspect brake pads for wear and evenly tighten
wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM torque
specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as
complete axle sets.
See Brake System Inspection on page 381.
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon the brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear
the brake wear warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out
brake pads could result in costly brake repair.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return
to normal height, or if there is a rapid increase
in pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake
trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without
the vehicle moving, the brakes adjust for wear.
283
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex.
Its many parts have to be of top quality and work
well together if the vehicle is to have really
good braking. Your vehicle was designed and
tested with top-quality GM brake parts. When you
replace parts of the braking system — for
example, when the brake linings wear down and
you need new ones put in — be sure you get new
approved GM replacement parts. If you do not,
the brakes might not work properly. For example,
if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between the front
and rear brakes can change — for the worse.
The braking performance you have come to expect
can change in many other ways if someone
puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Your vehicle has a maintenance free battery.
When it is time for a new battery, get one that has
the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 258 for battery location.
284
Warning: Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
Vehicle Storage
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for
25 days or more, remove the black, negative (−)
cable from the battery. This will help keep
your battery from running down.
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and
gas that can explode. You can be badly
hurt if you are not careful. See Jump
Starting on page 285 for tips on working
around a battery without getting hurt.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start
your vehicle. Be sure to use the following steps to
do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly,
some or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in
costly damage to your vehicle that would
not be covered by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or
pulling it will not work, and it could damage
your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a
12-volt battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a
12-volt system with a negative ground,
both vehicles can be damaged. Only use
vehicles with 12-volt systems with negative
grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper
cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles are
not touching each other. If they are, it could
cause a ground connection you do not want.
You would not be able to start your vehicle,
and the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling,
set the parking brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start procedure.
Put an automatic transaxle in PARK (P) or
a manual transaxle in NEUTRAL before
setting the parking brake.
285
Notice: If you leave your radio or other
accessories on during the jump starting
procedure, they could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Always turn off your radio and other
accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.
Unplug unnecessary accessories plugged into
the cigarette lighter or the accessory power
outlet. Turn off the radio and all lamps that are
not needed. This will avoid sparks and help
save both batteries. And it could save
the radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries.
Find the positive (+) and negative (−)
terminal locations on each vehicle. Your
vehicle’s positive (+) terminal is located under
a red tethered cap on the battery. The
negative (–) terminal is located under a black
tethered cap on the battery. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 258 for more
information on location. Flip the caps up to
access the positive (+) and negative (–)
terminals.
286
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause
battery gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this, and some have been
blinded. Use a flashlight if you need
more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water.
You do not need to add water to the
battery installed in your new vehicle.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
But if a battery has filler caps, be sure
the right amount of fluid is there. If it is low,
add water to take care of that first. If you
don’t, explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you. Do not get it on you. If you
accidentally get it in your eyes or on your
skin, flush the place with water and get
medical help immediately.
{CAUTION:
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have
loose or missing insulation. If they do, you
could get a shock. The vehicles could
be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
things you should know. Positive (+) will go
to positive (+) or to a remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle has one. Negative (−)
will go to a heavy, unpainted metal engine part
or to a remote negative (−) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or
you will get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other parts too. And do
not connect the negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal on the dead battery
because this can cause sparks.
Fans or other moving engine parts can
injure you badly. Keep your hands away
from moving parts once the engine is
running.
287
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable
to the positive (+)
terminal of the
dead battery.
Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
7. Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect
it to the positive (+) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to
the negative (−) terminal of the good battery.
Use a remote negative (−) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until the
next step. The other end of the negative (−)
cable does not go to the dead battery. It goes to
a heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a
remote negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with
the dead battery.
288
9. Connect the
other end of the
negative (−) cable at
least 18 inches
(45 cm) away from
the dead battery, but
not near engine
parts that move.
The electrical connection is just as good
there, and the chance of sparks getting back
to the battery is much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery
and run the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead
battery. If it will not start after a few tries,
it probably needs service.
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting
may occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always
connect and remove the jumper cables in the
correct order, making sure that the cables do
not touch each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both
vehicles, do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
5. Return the caps over the positive (+) and
negative (–) terminals to their original
positions.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or
Remote Negative (–) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and
Remote Negative (–) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
289
Headlamp Aiming
Halogen Bulbs
Headlamp aim has been preset at the factory and
should need no further adjustment.
{CAUTION:
However, if your vehicle is damaged in an accident,
the headlamp aim may be affected. Aim adjustment
to the low-beam headlamps may be necessary if it
is difficult to see the lane markers (for horizontal
aim), or if oncoming drivers flash their high-beam
headlamps at you (for vertical aim).
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas
inside and can burst if you drop or
scratch the bulb. You or others could be
injured. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions on the bulb package.
If you believe your headlamps need to be
re-aimed, it is recommend that you take the vehicle
to your dealer for service.
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulbs, see
Replacement Bulbs on page 301.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
290
Headlamps
To replace a headlamp bulb, do the following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on
page 257 for more information.
2. For wagon models, remove the two bolts from
the top of the headlamp assembly and one
nut on the inside that retains the headlamp
assembly.
For hatchback models, remove the four screws
and the radiator grill. Then remove the
three bolts and the headlamp assembly.
3. Disconnect the wiring harness connector from
the rear of the bulb.
Hatchback Models
Wagon Models
4. Remove the headlamp cap (A for the
low-beam or B for the high-beam headlamp)
by turning it counterclockwise.
5. Release the spring that retains the bulb.
6. Remove the old bulb.
7. Install a new bulb.
8. Reverse Steps 1 through 5 to install the
headlamp assembly.
291
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps
To replace a front turn signal or parking lamp
bulb, do the following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on
page 257 for more information.
2. Remove the two bolts from the top of the
headlamp assembly and one nut on the
inside that retains the headlamp assembly.
Hatchback Models
Wagon Models
292
3. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise.
4. Pull the bulb socket out of the lamp housing.
5. Press the bulb inward and turn it
counterclockwise to remove it from the
bulb socket.
6. Install the new bulb into the bulb socket by
pressing it in and turning it clockwise.
7. Reinstall the bulb socket into the lamp
housing by turning it clockwise.
8. Reverse Steps 1 through 2 to install the
assembly.
Turn Signal Lamps (Side)
Your vehicle may have this side turn signal lamp.
It will be located between the front door and
the wheel well. To replace this bulb, do the
following:
1. Locate the bulb by reaching underneath the
vehicle where the side turn signal lamp is
located.
2. Remove the side turn signal lamp assembly
by pulling it forward.
3. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise.
4. Remove the bulb from the lamp housing by
pulling the bulb straight out of the socket.
5. Install the new bulb into the bulb socket by
pushing it in and turning it clockwise.
6. Push the side turn signal lamp assembly back
into its original position.
293
Sidemarker Lamps (Front)
To replace a front sidemarker bulb, do the
following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on
page 257 for more information.
2. Remove the headlamp assembly.
3. Turn the front sidemarker bulb socket
counterclockwise.
4. Pull the front sidemarker bulb socket out of
the front bumper.
5. Pull the old bulb straight out of the bulb
socket.
6. Push the new bulb straight into the socket.
7. Reverse Steps 1 through 5 to install the
assembly.
294
Sidemarker Lamps (Rear)
To replace a rear sidemarker bulb, do the
following:
1. Reach inside of the rear bumper and locate
the socket.
3. Pull the rear sidemarker bulb socket out of
the rear bumper.
4. Pull the old bulb straight out from the bulb
socket.
5. Push the new bulb straight into the socket.
6. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to install the
bulb socket.
2. Turn the rear sidemarker bulb socket
counterclockwise.
295
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL) (Hatchback)
To replace a CHMSL bulb on a hatchback model,
do the following:
1. Open the liftgate. See Liftgate on page 99
for more information.
2. Pry off the trim from the liftgate and remove
the two screws.
296
3. Remove the bulb socket from the lamp
housing.
4. Remove the bulb by pulling it straight out of
the bulb socket.
5. Install the new bulb.
6. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the
lamp assembly.
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL) (Wagon)
To replace a CHMSL bulb on a wagon model,
do the following:
1. Open the liftgate. See Liftgate on page 99
for more information.
3. Remove the bulb socket from the lamp
housing.
4. Remove the bulb by pulling it straight out of
the bulb socket.
5. Install the new bulb.
6. Reinstall the liftgate trim cover and secure
with the two screws to secure.
2. Remove the two screws and the liftgate
trim cover.
297
Taillamps, Turn Signal, and
Stoplamps (Hatchback)
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate. See Liftgate on page 99 for
more information.
2. Remove the two screws and the taillamp
assembly.
3. Remove the bulb socket by turning it
counterclockwise from the taillamp assembly.
298
4. Remove the bulb from the socket by pressing
the bulb and turning it counterclockwise.
5. Install the appropriate new bulb into the
socket.
6. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to install the lamp
assembly.
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps
and Back-up Lamps (Wagon)
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate. See Liftgate on page 99
for more information.
3. Remove the taillamp assembly from the
vehicle.
4. Remove the bulb socket by turning it
counterclockwise from the taillamp assembly.
5. Remove the bulb from the socket by pressing
the bulb and turning it counterclockwise.
6. Install the appropriate new bulb into the
socket.
7. Reverse Steps 1 through 4 to install the lamp
assembly.
2. Remove the two screws from the taillamp
assembly.
299
Taillamps, Stoplamps and Back-up
Lamps (Hatchback)
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate. See Liftgate on page 99 for
more information.
2. Remove the protective cover.
3. Remove the bulb socket by turning it
counterclockwise.
300
4. Remove the bulb from the socket by pressing
the bulb and turning it counterclockwise.
5. Install the appropriate new bulb into the
socket.
6. Reinstall the protective cover.
License Plate Lamp
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
3. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise and
pull the bulb straight out of the socket.
4. Install the new bulb.
5. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the
license plate lamp.
Replacement Bulbs
1. Remove the two screws holding each of the
license plate lamps.
2. Turn and pull the license plate lamp toward
you through the opening.
Exterior Lamps
Back-up
CHMSL, Front and
Rear Sidemarker
License Plate Lamp
Headlamps
High-Beam
Low-Beam
Stoplamp and Taillamp
Turn Signal - Front and
Parking Lamp
Turn Signal - Rear
Bulb Number
94535571
94535587
94535587
94535541
94535546
94535574
94535578
94535572
For replacement bulbs not listed here, contact
your dealer.
301
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Here is how to remove and replace the windshield
wiper blade:
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected for
wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade Check”
for more information.
Replacement blades come in different types and
are removed in different ways. For the proper type,
see Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts on
page 353.
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield.
2. Press the retaining clip (A) and pull the wiper
blade off the arm.
3. Install a new blade by reversing Steps 1 and 2.
302
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires
made by a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever
have questions about your tire warranty and where
to obtain service, see your GM Warranty booklet
for details. For additional information refer to
the tire manufacturer’s booklet included with your
vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used
tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your vehicle’s tires can
cause overheating as a result of too
much friction. You could have an
air-out and a serious accident. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 236.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Underinflated tires pose the same
danger as overloaded tires. The
resulting accident could cause serious
injury. Check all tires frequently to
maintain the recommended pressure.
Tire pressure should be checked when
your vehicle’s tires are cold. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 311.
• Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured, or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a
pothole. Keep tires at the
recommended pressure.
• Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If the tire’s tread is badly worn, or if
your vehicle’s tires have been
damaged, replace them.
(Continued)
303
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall. The examples below show a typical
passenger car tire and a compact spare tire
sidewall.
(A) Tire Size: The tire size is a combination of
letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type
and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
(B) DOT (Department of Transportation):
The Department of Transportation (DOT) code
indicates that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following DOT code are the Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows
the manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded
onto both sides of the tire, although only one
side may have the date of manufacture.
Passenger Car Tire Example
304
(D) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(E) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG):
Tire manufacturers are required to grade
tires based on three performance factors:
treadwear, traction and temperature resistance.
For more information see Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 320.
(F) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that load.
For information on recommended tire pressure
see Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 311
and Loading Your Vehicle on page 236.
Compact Spare Tire Example
(A) Temporary Use Only: The compact spare
tire or temporary use tire has a tread life of
approximately 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and should
not be driven at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h).
The compact spare tire is for emergency use when
a regular road tire has lost air and gone flat.
See Compact Spare Tire on page 334 and If a
Tire Goes Flat on page 324.
305
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows
the manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded
onto both sides of the tire, although only one
side may have the date of manufacture.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation Load
Limit: Maximum load that can be carried and
the maximum pressure needed to support
that load. See Compact Spare Tire on page 334
and Loading Your Vehicle on page 236.
(E) Tire Inflation: The temporary use tire or
compact spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi
(420 kPa). For more information on tire pressure
and inflation see Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 311.
(F) Tire Size: A combination of letters and
numbers define a tire’s width, height, aspect ratio,
construction type and service description.
The letter T as the first character in the tire size
means the tire is for temporary use only.
306
Tire Size
The following illustration shows an example of a
typical passenger car tire size.
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter P
as the first character in the tire size means a
passenger vehicle tire engineered to standards set
by the U. S. Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates
the tire section width in millimeters from sidewall
to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that
indicates the tire height-to-width measurements.
For example, if the tire size aspect ratio is 70,
as shown in item C of the illustration, it would
mean that the tire’s sidewall is 70% as high as it
is wide.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used
to indicate the type of ply construction in the tire.
The letter R means radial ply construction; the
letter D means diagonal or bias ply construction;
and the letter B means belted-bias ply
construction.
Accessory Weight: This means the combined
weight of optional accessories. Some examples
of optional accessories are, automatic
transmission/transaxle, power steering, power
brakes, power windows, power seats, and
air conditioning.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in
inches.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height
to its width.
(F) Service Description: These characters
represent the load range and the speed rating
of a tire. The load range represents the load carry
capacity a tire is certified to carry. The speed
rating is the maximum speed a tire is certified to
carry a load. Speed ratings range from A to Z.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be
made from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire
pressing outward on each square inch of the
tire. Air pressure is expressed in pounds
per square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
307
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies
are laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees
to the centerline of the tread.
Cold Tire Pressure: The amount of air pressure in
a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up heat
from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 311.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment
including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil, and
coolant, but without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall
of a tire signifying that the tire is in compliance
with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
motor vehicle safety standards. The DOT code
includes the Tire Identification Number (TIN),
an alphanumeric designator which can also identify
the tire manufacturer, production plant, brand,
and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 236.
308
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
front axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 236.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
rear axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 236.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must always face outward
when mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
light duty trucks and some multipurpose passenger
vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from
1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying
capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum
air pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated.
The maximum air pressure is molded onto the
sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire
at the maximum permissible inflation pressure
for that tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
passenger cars and some light duty trucks and
multipurpose vehicles.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of
curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity
weight, and production options weight.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation
pressure as shown on the tire placard.
See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 311 and
Loading Your Vehicle on page 236.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of
occupants a vehicle is designed to seat multiplied
by 150 lbs (68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 236.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating
positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that
faces outward when mounted on a vehicle.
The side of the tire that contains a whitewall, bears
white lettering, or bears manufacturer, brand,
and/or model name molding that is higher
or deeper than the same moldings on the other
sidewall of the tire.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the
ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at
90 degrees to the centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which
the tire beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread
and the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned
to a tire indicating the maximum speed at
which a tire can operate.
309
Traction: The friction between the tire and the
road surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into
contact with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called wear bars, that show across the tread of
a tire when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread
remains. See When It Is Time for New Tires on
page 317.
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Standards): A tire information system that
provides consumers with ratings for a tire’s
traction, temperature, and treadwear. Ratings are
determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are
molded into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform
Tire Quality Grading on page 320.
310
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of
designated seating positions multiplied by
150 lbs (68 kg) plus the rated cargo load.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 236.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory
weight, occupant weight, and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to
a vehicle showing the vehicle’s capacity weight
and the original equipment tire size and
recommended inflation pressure. See “Tire and
Loading Information Label” under Loading
Your Vehicle on page 236.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to
operate effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right.
It is not. If your tires do not have enough air
(under-inflation), you can get the following:
• Too much flexing
• Too much heat
• Tire overloading
• Premature or irregular wear
• Poor handling
• Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation),
you can get the following:
• Unusual wear
• Poor handling
• Rough ride
• Needless damage from road hazards
A vehicle specific tire and loading information
label is attached to your vehicle. This label shows
your vehicle’s original equipment tires and the
correct inflation pressures for your tires when they
are cold. The recommended cold tire inflation
pressure, shown on the label, is the minimum
amount of air pressure needed to support
your vehicle’s maximum load carrying capacity.
For additional information regarding how much
weight your vehicle can carry, and an example
of the tire and loading information label, see
Loading Your Vehicle on page 236. How you load
your vehicle affects vehicle handling and ride
comfort, never load your vehicle with more weight
than it was designed to carry.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Do not
forget to check the compact spare tire. For
additional information regarding the compact spare
tire, see Compact Spare Tire on page 334.
311
How to Check
Tire Pressure Monitor System
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check
tire pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are
properly inflated simply by looking at them. Radial
tires may look properly inflated even when they
are under-inflated. Check the tire’s inflation
pressure when the tires are cold. Cold means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours
or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) uses
radio and sensor technology to check tire pressure
levels. If your vehicle has this feature, sensors
are mounted onto each tire and wheel assembly,
except for the spare tire. The TPMS sensors
monitor the air pressure in your vehicle’s tires and
transmit tire pressure readings to a receiver
located in the vehicle.
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem.
Press the tire gage firmly onto the valve to
get a pressure measurement. If the cold tire
inflation pressure matches the recommended
pressure on the Tire and Loading Information
label, no further adjustment is necessary. If the
inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach
the recommended amount.
Each tire, including the spare (if provided), should
be checked monthly when cold and inflated to
the inflation pressure recommended by the vehicle
manufacturer on the vehicle placard or tire
inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of
a different size than the size indicated on the
vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label,
you should determine the proper tire inflation
pressure for those tires.)
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on
the metal stem in the center of the tire valve.
Re-check the tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
312
As an added safety
feature, your vehicle
has been equipped
with a tire pressure
monitoring system
(TPMS) that illuminates
a low tire pressure
telltale when one
or more of your tires
is significantly
under-inflated.
Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale
illuminates, you should stop and check your tires
as soon as possible, and inflate them to the
proper pressure. Driving on a significantly
under-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and
can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also
reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may
affect the vehicle’s handling and stopping ability.
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a
TPMS malfunction indicator to indicate when the
system is not operating properly. The TPMS
malfunction indicator is combined with the low tire
pressure telltale. When the system detects a
malfunction, the telltale will flash for approximately
one minute and then remain continuously
illuminated. This sequence will continue upon
subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the
malfunction exists.
When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the
system may not be able to detect or signal low
tire pressure as intended. TPMS malfunctions may
occur for a variety of reasons, including the
installation of replacement or alternate tires or
wheels on the vehicle that prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. Always check the TPMS
malfunction telltale after replacing one or more
tires or wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the
replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow
the TPMS to continue to function properly.
Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for
proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s
responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure, even
if under-inflation has not reached the level to trigger
illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure telltale.
313
When a low tire pressure condition is detected,
the TPMS illuminates the low tire pressure warning
symbol on the instrument panel cluster.
The low tire pressure warning symbol comes on at
each ignition cycle until the tires are inflated to
the correct inflation pressure.
The tire pressure warning light may come on in
cool weather when the vehicle is first started, and
then turn off as you start to drive. This could
be an early indicator that the tire pressures are
getting low and need to be inflated to the
proper pressure.
A Tire and Loading Information label, attached to
your vehicle, shows the size of your vehicle’s
original equipment tires and the correct inflation
pressure for your vehicle’s tires when they
are cold. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 236,
for an example of the tire information label and
its location on your vehicle. Also see Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 311.
314
Your vehicle’s TPMS system can warn you about
a low tire pressure condition but it does not
replace normal tire maintenance. See Tire
Inspection and Rotation on page 316 and Tires
on page 303.
Notice: Do not use a tire sealant if your
vehicle has Tire Pressure Monitors. The liquid
sealant can damage the tire pressure monitor
sensors.
The TPMS will not function properly if one or more
of the TPMS sensors are missing or inoperable.
See your dealer for service if all TPMS sensors are
installed and the low tire pressure warning light
comes on and stays on.
TPMS Sensor Identification Codes
Each TPMS sensor has a unique identification
code. Any time you replace one or more of
the TPMS sensors or rotate the vehicle’s tires, the
identification codes need to be matched to the
new tire/wheel position. The sensors are matched,
to the tire/wheel positions, in the following order:
driver side front tire, passenger side front tire,
passenger side rear tire, and driver side rear tire
using a TPMS diagnostic tool. See your dealer
for service.
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) and Industry and Science Canada
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) Rules
and with Industry and Science Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
and Science Canada. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
315
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your
tires as soon as possible and check wheel
alignment. Also check for damaged tires or wheels.
See When It Is Time for New Tires on page 317
and Wheel Replacement on page 322 for
more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The
first rotation is the most important. See Part A:
Scheduled Maintenance Services on page 358.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct
rotation pattern shown here.
Do not include the compact spare tire in the tire
rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front
and rear inflation pressures as shown on the
tire and loading information label. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 236 for an example of
the tire and loading information label and where it
is located on your vehicle.
316
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly
tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 352.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When
you change a wheel, remove any rust or
dirt from places where the wheel attaches
to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this;
but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush
later, if needed, to get all the rust or dirt
off. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 324.
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it
is time for new tires is
to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following
statements are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more
places around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through
the tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut, or
snagged deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge, or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage
that cannot be repaired well because of the
size or location of the damage.
317
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need,
look at the tire and loading information label
attached to your vehicle. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 236 for a label example and
where it is attached to your vehicle.
Make sure the replacements are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
size, brand, and type of tires on all
wheels. It is all right to drive with your
compact spare temporarily, as it was
developed for use on your vehicle.
See Compact Spare Tire on page 334.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose
control while driving. If you mix tires of
different sizes, brands, or types (radial
and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a
crash. Using tires of different sizes,
brands, or types may also cause damage
to your vehicle. Be sure to use the correct
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle,
the wheel rim flanges could develop
cracks after many miles of driving. A tire
and/or wheel could fail suddenly, causing
a crash. Use only radial-ply tires with the
wheels on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
318
(Continued)
Different Size Tires and Wheels
If you add wheels or tires that are a different size
than your original equipment wheels and tires,
this may affect the way your vehicle performs,
including its braking, ride and handling
characteristics, stability, and resistance to rollover.
Additionally, if your vehicle has electronic
systems such as, anti-lock brakes, traction control,
and electronic stability control, the performance
of these systems can be affected.
{CAUTION:
If you add different sized wheels, your
vehicle may not provide an acceptable
level of performance and safety if tires
not recommended for those wheels are
selected. You may increase the chance
that you will crash and suffer serious
injury. Only use GM specific wheel and
tire systems developed for your vehicle,
and have them properly installed by a
GM certified technician.
See Buying New Tires on page 318 and
Accessories and Modifications on page 249 for
additional information.
319
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on
the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and
maximum selection width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based
on the wear rate of the tire when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified government
test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would
wear one and a half (11⁄2) times as well on the
government course as a tire graded 100. The
relative performance of tires depends upon the
actual conditions of their use, however, and may
depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices, and differences
in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the Unites States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), which
grades tires by treadwear, traction, and
temperature performance. This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States. The grades are
molded on the sidewalls of most passenger car
tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG)
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver, or temporary use
spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of
10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors
passenger cars and light trucks may vary with
respect to these grades, they must also conform
to federal safety requirements.
320
Traction — AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are
AA, A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s
ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified
government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete.
A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire
is based on straight-ahead braking traction tests,
and does not include acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature — A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B,
and C, representing the tire’s resistance to the
generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive
temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The tires and wheels on your vehicle were aligned
and balanced carefully at the factory to give you
the longest tire life and best overall performance.
Adjustments to wheel alignment and tire
balancing will not be necessary on a regular basis.
However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your
vehicle pulling to one side or the other, the
alignment may need to be checked. If you notice
your vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth
road, your tires and wheels may need to be
rebalanced. See your dealer for proper diagnosis.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated
and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either
separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
321
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly
rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming
loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel
nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air,
replace it (except some aluminum wheels,
which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same
load-carrying capacity, diameter, width, offset and
be mounted the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels,
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts, replace them only with
new GM original equipment parts. This way,
you will be sure to have the right wheel, wheel
bolts, and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels,
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts on your vehicle
can be dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handling of your vehicle,
make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision
in which you or others could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause
problems with bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer or odometer calibration,
headlamp aim, bumper height, vehicle ground
clearance, and tire or tire chain clearance
to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 324 for more
information.
322
Used Replacement Wheels
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You cannot know how it has
been used or how far it has been driven.
It could fail suddenly and cause a crash.
If you have to replace a wheel, use a new
GM original equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
Notice: Use tire chains only where legal and
only when you must. Use only SAE Class
“S” type chains that are the proper size for
your tires. Install them on the front tires
and tighten them as tightly as possible with
the ends securely fastened. Drive slowly
and follow the chain manufacturer’s
instructions. If you can hear the chains
contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down
until it stops. Driving too fast or spinning
the wheels with chains on will damage your
vehicle.
323
If a Tire Goes Flat
It is unusual for a tire to blowout while you are
driving, especially if you maintain your vehicle’s
tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it is
much more likely to leak out slowly. But if you
should ever have a blowout, here are a few tips
about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag
that pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your
foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane
position, and then gently brake to a stop well out
of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a skid and may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any rear blowout
remove your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get
the vehicle under control by steering the way
you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy
and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake
to a stop, well off the road if possible.
324
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous
without the appropriate safety equipment
and training. The jack provided with your
vehicle is designed only for changing a
flat tire. If it is used for anything else, you
or others could be badly injured or killed
if the vehicle slips off the jack. Use the
jack provided with your vehicle only for
changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use the
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel
damage by driving slowly to a level place.
Turn on your hazard warning flashers.
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over or
fall on you or other people. You and they
could be badly injured or even killed. Find a
level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put an automatic transaxle shift lever
in PARK (P), or shift a manual
transaxle to FIRST (1) or REVERSE (R).
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in
the vehicle.
To be even more certain the vehicle will not
move, you should put blocks at the front
and rear of the tire farthest away from the
one being changed. That would be the tire
on the other side, at the opposite end of the
vehicle.
When you have a flat tire, use the following
example as a guide to assist you in the placement
of wheel blocks.
The following information will tell you how to use
the jack and change a tire.
325
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
Wagon Models
The tools you will be using to change a flat tire
are shown below. Refer to your vehicle model to
access the spare tire and tools.
For wagon models, do the following to access the
spare tire and tools:
1. Open the liftgate. See Liftgate on page 99 for
more information.
2. Fold the floor cover by pulling the handle
upward.
3. Lift the floor tray.
A. Jack
B. Wheel Wrench
C. Jack Handle
D. Screwdriver
4. Release the prop from its retainer and put the
prop into the slot.
326
5. Turn the retainer on the compact spare tire
counterclockwise and remove the retainer.
6. Remove the compact spare tire. See Compact
Spare Tire on page 334 for more information.
7. To access the tools, pull the strap on the tool
box cover upward. The tools are located
inside the foam tray.
327
Hatchback Models
For hatchback models, do the following to access
the spare tire and tools:
1. Open the liftgate. See Liftgate on page 99 for
more information.
5. Remove the compact spare tire. See Compact
Spare Tire on page 334 for more information.
2. Remove the trim cover by pulling up on the tab.
3. Remove the foam tray that contains the tools.
4. Turn the retainer on the compact spare tire
counterclockwise and remove the retainer.
328
6. Remove the jack by turning the jack retainer,
located on the right side of the jack,
counterclockwise to release it. The jack is
located in the trunk, in front of the compact
spare tire.
7. Then remove the jack handle and the wheel
wrench. The jack handle and the wheel
wrench are located inside the foam tray.
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
1. If your vehicle has wheel covers, use the jack
handle to begin loosening the wheel covers.
Using the flat end of the jack handle or
the screwdriver, pry along the edge of the
wheel cover until it comes off.
3. Locate the notch near each wheel in the
frame which the jack head fits in.
Position the jack and raise the jack head until
it fits firmly into the notch in the vehicle’s
frame nearest the flat tire.
4. Put the compact spare tire near you.
2. Use the wheel wrench to loosen all the wheel
nuts. Do not remove them yet.
329
{CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack
improperly positioned can damage the
vehicle and even make the vehicle fall.
To help avoid personal injury and vehicle
damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
5. Insert the jack handle into the jack and the
wheel wrench onto the end of the jack handle.
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked
up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off
the jack you could be badly injured or
killed. Never get under a vehicle when it is
supported only by a jack.
330
6. Raise the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off
the ground so there is enough room for
the compact spare tire to fit underneath the
wheel well.
7. Remove all of the wheel nuts by turning them
counterclockwise.
8. Remove the flat tire.
10. Place the compact spare tire on the
wheel-mounting surface.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts
to which it is fastened, can make the
wheel nuts become loose after time.
The wheel could come off and cause an
accident. When you change a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if needed, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
9. Remove any rust or
dirt from the wheel
bolts, mounting
surfaces and
spare wheel.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
If you do, the nuts might come loose.
Your wheel could fall off, causing a
serious accident.
11. Install the wheel nuts with the rounded end of
the nuts toward the wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand clockwise until the wheel is held
against the hub.
12. Lower the vehicle by turning the wheel
wrench counterclockwise. Lower the jack
completely.
331
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened wheel nuts can cause the wheel
to come loose and even come off. This
could lead to an accident. Be sure to use
the correct wheel nuts. If you have to
replace them, be sure to get new
GM original equipment wheel nuts. Stop
somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 352
for wheel nut torque specification.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can
lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid expensive brake repairs, evenly
tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence
and to the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 352 for
the wheel nut torque specification.
332
13. Tighten the wheel
nuts firmly in a
crisscross sequence,
as shown.
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your
compact spare. If you try to put a wheel cover
on the compact spare, you could damage
the cover or the spare.
Do not try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare tire. It will not fit. Store the wheel cover
in the cargo area until you have the flat tire
repaired or replaced.
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire
and Tools
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment
in the passenger compartment of the
vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden
stop or collision, loose equipment could
strike someone. Store all these in the
proper place.
To store a flat or spare tire, do the following:
1. Put the flat or spare tire in the compact spare
tire compartment, then secure the retainer.
2. Store the jack in its housing in the cargo area.
Secure the jack by turning the retainer
clockwise.
3. Store the tools securely in the foam tray and
place the tray on top of the tire.
4. Replace the trim cover.
The compact spare tire is for temporary use only.
Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size
tire as soon as you can. See Compact Spare Tire
on page 334.
333
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new, it can lose air
after a time. Check the inflation pressure regularly.
It should be 60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make
sure your spare tire is correctly inflated. The
compact spare is made to perform well at speeds
up to 50 mph (80 km/h), so you can finish your
trip and have your full-size tire repaired or replaced
where you want. Of course, it is best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can.
Your spare will last longer and be in good shape
in case you need it again.
334
Notice: When the compact spare is installed,
do not take your vehicle through an automatic
car wash with guide rails. The compact
spare can get caught on the rails. That can
damage the tire and wheel, and maybe
other parts of your vehicle.
Do not use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And do not mix your compact spare tire or
wheel with other wheels or tires. They will not fit.
Keep your spare tire and its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains will not fit your compact
spare. Using them can damage your vehicle
and can damage the chains too. Do not use tire
chains on your compact spare.
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Your vehicle’s interior will continue to look its
best if it is cleaned often. Although not always
visible, dust and dirt can accumulate on your
upholstery. Dirt can damage carpet, fabric, leather,
and plastic surfaces. Regular vacuuming is
recommended to remove particles from your
upholstery. It is important to keep your upholstery
from becoming and remaining heavily soiled.
Soils should be removed as quickly as possible.
Your vehicle’s interior may experience extremes of
heat that could cause stains to set rapidly.
When cleaning your vehicle’s interior, only use
cleaners specifically designed for the surfaces
being cleaned. Permanent damage may result
from using cleaners on surfaces for which
they were not intended. Use glass cleaner only on
glass. Remove any accidental over-spray from
other surfaces immediately. To prevent over-spray,
apply cleaner directly to the cleaning cloth.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you
could scratch the glass and/or cause damage
to the integrated radio antenna and the
rear window defogger. When cleaning the
glass on your vehicle, use only a soft cloth and
glass cleaner.
Lighter colored interiors may require more frequent
cleaning. Use care because newspapers and
garments that transfer color to your home
furnishings may also transfer color to your
vehicle’s interior.
335
Many cleaners contain solvents that may become
concentrated in your vehicle’s breathing space.
Before using cleaners, read and adhere to
all safety instructions on the label. While cleaning
your vehicle’s interior, maintain adequate
ventilation by opening your vehicle’s doors and
windows.
Dust may be removed from small buttons and
knobs using a small brush with soft bristles.
Your dealer has a product for cleaning your
vehicle’s glass. Should it become necessary, you
can also obtain a product from your dealer to
remove odors from your vehicle’s upholstery.
Do not clean your vehicle using the following
cleaners or techniques:
• Never use a knife or any other sharp object to
remove a soil from any interior surface.
• Never use a stiff brush. It can cause damage
to your vehicle’s interior surfaces.
336
• Never apply heavy pressure or rub
aggressively with a cleaning cloth. Use of
heavy pressure can damage your interior and
does not improve the effectiveness of soil
removal.
• Use only mild, neutral-pH soaps. Avoid laundry
detergents or dishwashing soaps with
degreasers. Using too much soap will leave a
residue that leaves streaks and attracts dirt.
For liquid cleaners, about 20 drops per gallon
(3.78 L) of water is a good guide.
• Do not heavily saturate your upholstery while
cleaning.
• Damage to your vehicle’s interior may result
from the use of many organic solvents such as
naptha, alcohol, etc.
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush
attachment frequently to remove dust and loose
dirt. A canister vacuum with a beater bar in
the nozzle may only be used on floor carpet and
carpeted floor mats. For soils, always try to remove
them first with plain water or club soda. Before
cleaning, gently remove as much of the soil
as possible using one of the following techniques:
• For liquids: gently blot the remaining soil with a
paper towel. Allow the soil to absorb into the
paper towel until no more can be removed.
• For solid dry soils: remove as much as possible
and then vacuum.
To clean, use the following instructions:
1. Saturate a lint-free, clean white cloth with
water or club soda.
2. Wring the cloth to remove excess moisture.
3. Start on the outside edge of the soil and
gently rub toward the center. Continue
cleaning, using a clean area of the cloth each
time it becomes soiled.
4. Continue to gently rub the soiled area until the
cleaning cloth remains clean.
5. If the soil is not completely removed, use a
mild soap solution and repeat the cleaning
process that was used with plain water.
If any of the soil remains, a commercial fabric
cleaner or spot lifter may be necessary. When a
commercial upholstery cleaner or spot lifter is to be
used, test a small hidden area for colorfastness
first. If the locally cleaned area gives any
impression that a ring formation may result, clean
the entire surface.
After the cleaning process has been completed, a
paper towel can be used to blot excess moisture
from the fabric or carpet.
337
Leather
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a soft cloth dampened with a mild soap
solution can be used. Allow the leather to dry
naturally. Do not use heat to dry. Never use steam
to clean leather. Never use spot lifters or spot
removers on leather. Many commercial leather
cleaners and coatings that are sold to preserve
and protect leather may permanently change
the appearance and feel of your leather and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner. Never use
shoe polish on your leather.
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a clean soft cloth dampened with a
mild soap solution can be used to gently remove
dust and dirt. Never use spot lifters or removers
on plastic surfaces. Many commercial cleaners and
coatings that are sold to preserve and protect
soft plastic surfaces may permanently change the
appearance and feel of your interior and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner.
Some commercial products may increase gloss on
your instrument panel. The increase in gloss
may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
338
Care of Safety Belts
Washing Your Vehicle
Keep belts clean and dry.
The paint finish on the vehicle provides beauty,
depth of color, gloss retention, and durability.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you
do, it may severely weaken them. In a
crash, they might not be able to provide
adequate protection. Clean safety belts
only with mild soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth. During
very cold, damp weather frequent application may
be required.
The best way to preserve the vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm
or cold water.
Do not wash the vehicle in the direct rays of the
sun. Use a car washing soap. Do not use
strong soaps or chemical detergents. Be sure to
rinse the vehicle well, removing all soap residue
completely. Approved cleaning products can
be obtained from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 343. Do not
use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not
allowed to dry on the surface, or they could stain.
Dry the finish with a soft, clean chamois or an
all-cotton towel to avoid surface scratches
and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to
enter the vehicle.
339
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Finish Care
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and
other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and
tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, etc., can damage the vehicle’s
finish if they remain on painted surfaces. Wash
the vehicle as soon as possible. If necessary, use
non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for
painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of the vehicle
by hand may be necessary to remove residue
from the paint finish. Approved cleaning products
can be obtained from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 343.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging,
weather, and chemical fallout that can take their
toll over a period of years. To help keep the
paint finish looking new, keep the vehicle in a
garage or covered whenever possible.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish may damage it. Use only non-abrasive
waxes and polishes that are made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish on your vehicle.
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and
a car washing soap to clean exterior lamps
and lenses. Follow instructions under Washing
Your Vehicle on page 339.
The vehicle has a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish. The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss
to the colored basecoat. Always use waxes
and polishes that are non-abrasive and made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish.
340
If the windshield is not clear after using the
windshield washer, or if the wiper blade chatters
when running, wax, sap, or other material may
be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a glass
cleaning liquid or powder and water solution.
The windshield is clean if beads do not form when
it is rinsed with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper
blades and affect their performance. Clean the
blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked
in full-strength windshield washer solvent.
Then rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as
necessary; replace blades that look worn.
Aluminum Wheels
Notice: If you use strong soaps, chemicals,
abrasive polishes, cleaners, brushes, or
cleaners that contain acid on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels, you could damage the
surface of the wheel(s). The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Use only
GM-approved cleaners on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean
towel. A wax may then be applied.
Notice: Using chrome polish on aluminum
wheels could damage the wheels. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Use chrome polish on chrome wheels only.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the
painted surface of the vehicle. Do not use strong
soaps, chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive
cleaners, cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning
brushes on them because the surface could
be damaged. Do not use chrome polish on
aluminum wheels.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle through an
automatic car wash that has silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes, you could damage
the aluminum or chrome-plated wheels.
The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Never drive a vehicle equipped with
aluminum or chrome-plated wheels through
an automatic car wash that uses silicone
carbide tire cleaning brushes.
Do not take the vehicle through an automatic car
wash that has silicone carbide tire cleaning
brushes. These brushes can also damage the
surface of these wheels.
341
Tires
Finish Damage
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush with tire
cleaner.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in
the finish should be repaired right away. Bare
metal will corrode quickly and may develop into
major repair expense.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the
paint finish and/or tires. When applying a tire
dressing, always wipe off any overspray
from all painted surfaces on your vehicle.
Sheet Metal Damage
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body
repair shop applies anti-corrosion material to parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion
protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will
provide the corrosion protection while maintaining
the warranty.
342
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with
touch-up materials available from your dealer.
Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected in
your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and
dust control can collect on the underbody. If these
are not removed, corrosion and rust can develop
on the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame,
floor pan, and exhaust system even though
they have corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where
mud and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close
areas of the frame should be loosened before being
flushed. Your dealer or an underbody car washing
system can do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can
create a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and attack painted surfaces on the
vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy,
ring-shaped discolorations, and small, irregular
dark spots etched into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of
purchase, whichever occurs first.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Usage
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Tar and Road
Oil Remover
Removes tar, road oil
and asphalt.
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl.
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Chrome and Wire
Wheel Cleaner
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Finish Enhancer
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
wipe off.
343
Description
Usage
Swirl Remover Polish
Removes swirl marks, fine
scratches and other light
surface contamination.
Cleaner Wax
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Foaming Tire Shine
Low Gloss
Cleans, shines and
protects in one easy step,
no wiping necessary.
Wash Wax Concentrate
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Spot Lifter
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
Odor Eliminator
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
344
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle.
It appears on a plate in the front corner of the
instrument panel, on the driver side. You can see
it if you look through the windshield from outside
your vehicle. The VIN also appears on the Vehicle
Certification and Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine
code. This code helps you identify your vehicle’s
engine, specifications, and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
This label is on the inside of the glove box.
It is very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
The label has the following information:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
• Model designation
• Paint information
• Production options and special equipment
Do not remove this label from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Do not add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer
first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage would not
be covered by your warranty. Some add-on
electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Add-on equipment can drain your vehicle’s battery,
even if your vehicle is not operating.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to add anything electrical to your
vehicle, see Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 82.
345
Headlamp Wiring
The headlamp wiring is protected by fuses in the
fuse block. An electrical overload will cause
the lamps to turn off. If this happens, have your
headlamp wiring checked right away.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an
internal circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor
overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will
stop until the motor cools. If the overload is
caused by some electrical problem and not snow,
etc., be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse block protect the
power windows and other power accessories.
When the current load is too heavy, the circuit
breaker opens and closes, protecting the circuit
until the problem is fixed or goes away.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected
from short circuits by a combination of fuses,
circuit breakers and fusible thermal links in
the wiring itself.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse.
If the band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.
Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a new
one of the identical size and rating.
346
There are spare fuses provided in the engine
compartment fuse block. If you ever have a problem
on the road and do not have a spare fuse, you can
borrow one that has the same amperage. Just pick
a feature of your vehicle that you can get along
without — like the radio or cigarette lighter — and
use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage. Replace it
as soon as you can.
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the
instrument panel fuse block and the engine
compartment fuse block.
There is a fuse puller located on the engine
compartment fuse block. It can be used to easily
remove fuses from the fuse block.
The instrument panel fuse block is located on
the end of the instrument panel, on the driver’s
side of the vehicle. To access the fuses, open the
fuse panel door by pulling out.
To reinstall the door, insert the tabs at the back
end first, then push the door into the instrument
panel to secure it.
347
Fuses
AIRBAG
WPR
RADIO/CLK
ECM
348
Usage
Airbag
Wiper
Radio/Clock
Engine Control Module
Fuses
AIRBAG
AUX LTR
TRN SIG
LAMPS
ABS
Usage
Airbag
Extra Jack
Turn Signal Lamps
Anti-lock Brake System
Fuses
LTR
Usage
Cigarette Lighter
Cluster, Brake Transmission Shift
CLSTR BTSI Interlock/Automatic Transaxle Shift
Lock (BTSI) Solenoid
RKE
Remote Keyless Entry
BCK/UP
Back-up
BLANK
Not Used
TCM
Transmission Control Module
BLANK
Not Used
ENG FUSE
Engine Fuse Box, Daytime Running
BOX DRL
Lamps
HAZRD LAMPS Hazard Lamps
A/C CLK
Air Conditioning Switch, Clock
Heating,
Ventilation and Air
HVAC
Conditioning
RKE
Remote Keyless Entry
RADIO
Radio
S/ROOF
Sunroof
DLC
Data Link Connector
SPARE
Spare
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
The engine compartment fuse block is located on
the driver’s side of the vehicle, near the battery.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 258
for more information on location. To access the
fuses, press in the top flap to release the cover.
To reinstall the cover, push the cover until it is
secure.
349
Fuses
HEAD LAMPS
ECM
I/P FUSE
FUEL PUMP
350
Usage
Headlamps
Engine Control Module
Instrument Panel Fuse
Fuel Pump
Fuses
A/C
HORN
HI BEAM
DRIVER’S
PWR WNDW
Usage
Air Conditioning
Horn
Headlamp High-Beam
Driver’s Power Window
Fuses
STOP LAMPS
DR/LCK
MIR HTD
FRT FOG
Usage
Stoplamps
Door Lock
Heated Mirror
Front Fog
License
Plate Lamp, Parking
ILLUM LT
Lamp Left
INJ
Injector
Evaporative Emission (EVAP)
Canister Purge Solenoid, Heated
ENG SNSR
Oxygen Sensor (HO2S), Cooling
Fan Relay, CMP Sensor
LOW BEAM LT Headlamp Low-Beam Left
Illumination Circuit, Parking
ILLUM RT
Lamp Right
LOW BEAM RT Headlamp Low-Beam Right
SPARE
Spare
SPARE
Spare
SPARE
Spare
BATT PWR
Battery Power
ABS
Anti-lock Brake System
HVAC BLWR HVAC Blower
IGN 2
Ignition 2
Fuses
IGN 1
FUSE PLR
COOL FAN
LOW
DEFOG
COOL FAN HI
PWR WNDW
Relays
COOL FAN
LOW
FRT FOG
ILLUM
A/C CMPRSR
HORN
DEFOG
FUEL PUMP
MAIN
COOL FAN HI
PWR WNDW
HEAD LAMPS
Usage
Ignition 1
Fuse Puller
Cooling Fan Low
Defog
Cooling Fan High
Power Window
Usage
Cooling Fan Low
Front Fog
Illumination Relay
Air Conditioning Compressor
Horn
Defog
Fuel Pump
Main Relay
Cooling Fan High
Power Window
Headlamp Relay
351
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. See Part D:
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 382 for more information.
Capacities
English
Metric
For the air conditioning system refrigerant charge
amount, see the refrigerant caution label located
under the hood. See your dealer for more
information.
7.9 qt
7.5 L
4.2 qt
4.0 L
14.5 gal
55.0 L
7.3 qt
6.9 L
1.9 qt
1.8 L
Application
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
Cooling System
Engine Oil with Filter
Fuel Tank
Transaxle, Automatic
Transaxle, Manual
Wheel Nut Torque
81 lb ft
110 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Engine Specifications
352
Engine
VIN Code
Transaxle
Spark Plug Gap
2.0L L4 (L34)
Z
Automatic and
Manual
0.039 inch (1.0mm)
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from
your dealer.
Part
GM Part Number
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
96553450
Engine Oil Filter
96458873
Fuel Filter
96335719
A/C Filter
96554378
Spark Plugs
93742299
Windshield Wiper Blades
Driver’s Side
96478670
Passenger’s Side
96498696
Rear
96341429
353
Engine Drive Belt Routing
2.0L L4 Engine
354
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 356
Introduction ............................................... 356
Maintenance Requirements ........................ 356
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 356
How This Section is Organized ................. 356
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services ................................................. 358
Using the Maintenance Schedule ............... 358
Selecting the Right Schedule ..................... 359
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance ..... 361
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled
Maintenance .......................................... 369
Part B: Owner Checks and Services ......... 374
At Each Fuel Fill ....................................... 374
At Least Once a Month ............................. 374
At Least Twice a Year .............................. 375
At Least Once a Year ............................... 376
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections ............................................. 380
Steering, Suspension and Front
Drive Axle Boot and Seal Inspection ...... 380
Exhaust System Inspection ........................ 380
Fuel System Inspection ............................. 380
Engine Cooling System Inspection ............. 381
Throttle System Inspection ........................ 381
Brake System Inspection ........................... 381
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants .............................................. 382
Part E: Maintenance Record ...................... 384
355
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level
and change as recommended.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep
your vehicle in good working condition, but also
helps the environment. Improper vehicle
maintenance can even affect the quality of the air
we breathe. Improper fluid levels or the wrong
tire inflation can increase the level of emissions
from your vehicle. To help protect our environment,
and to keep your vehicle in good condition, be
sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
How This Section is Organized
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The
Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties.
See your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet
or your dealer for details.
Maintenance Requirements
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed
in this manual are necessary to keep your
vehicle in good working condition. Any damage
caused by failure to follow scheduled maintenance
may not be covered by warranty.
356
This maintenance schedule is divided into
five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services”
explains what to have done and how often. Some
of these services can be complex, so unless
you are technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, you should let your
GM dealer’s service department do these jobs.
Your GM dealer has GM-trained and supported
service people that will perform the work using
genuine GM parts.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a
vehicle can be dangerous. In trying to do
some jobs, you can be seriously injured.
Do your own maintenance work only if
you have the required know-how and the
proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work. See Doing Your
Own Service Work on page 250.
If you want to purchase service information, see
Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 406.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you
what should be checked and when. It also
explains what you can easily do to help keep your
vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
explains important inspections that your dealer’s
service department can perform for you.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
lists some recommended products necessary to
help keep your vehicle properly maintained. These
products, or their equivalents, should be used
whether you do the work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for
you to record and keep track of the maintenance
performed on your vehicle. Keep your
maintenance receipts. They may be needed to
qualify your vehicle for warranty repairs.
357
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
In this part are scheduled maintenance services
which are to be performed at the mileage intervals
specified.
Using the Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to keep your vehicle
in good working condition. But we do not know
exactly how you will drive it. You may drive short
distances only a few times a week. Or you
may drive long distances all the time in very hot,
dusty weather. You may use your vehicle in
making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work, to
do errands, or in many other ways.
Because of the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs may vary. You may
need more frequent checks and replacements.
So please read the following and note how
you drive. If you have questions on how to keep
your vehicle in good condition, see your dealer.
358
This part tells you the maintenance services you
should have done and when to schedule them.
When you go to your dealer for your service
needs, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service people will perform the work
using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed
in Part D. Make sure whoever services your
vehicle uses these. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or
anyone else drives the vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within
recommended limits. You will find these on
the Tire and Loading Information label.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 236.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within
legal driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline
Octane on page 251.
Selecting the Right Schedule
Short Trip/City Intervals
First you will need to decide which of the
two schedules is right for your vehicle. Here
is how to decide which schedule to follow:
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and
Filter Change and Engine Oil Pan Drain Plug
Washer Replacement (or 3 months, whichever
occurs first).
Short Trip/City Definition
Follow the Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
if any one of these conditions is true for your
vehicle:
• Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
• Most trips include extensive idling, such as
frequent driving in stop-and-go traffic.
• If the vehicle is used for delivery service,
police, taxi, or other commercial application.
One of the reasons you should follow this schedule
if you operate your vehicle under any of these
conditions is that these conditions cause engine oil
to break down sooner.
Every 6,000 Miles (10 000 km): Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Engine Air
Cleaner Filter Inspection. Passenger Compartment
Air Filter Replacement. Drive Belt(s) Inspection.
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Engine Air
Cleaner Filter Replacement. Spark Plug
Replacement. EVAP System Service. PCV
System Service. Timing Belt Inspection.
Brake/Clutch Fluid Change (or 24 months,
whichever occurs first).
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Spark Plug
Wire Replacement. Timing Belt Replacement.
EVAP System Solenoid Valve Replacement.
359
Every 90,000 Miles (150 000 km): Fuel Filter
Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km): Cooling
System Service.
These intervals only summarize maintenance
services. Be sure to follow the complete scheduled
maintenance on the following pages.
Long Trip/Highway Definition
Follow this scheduled maintenance only if none of
the conditions from the Short Trip/City Scheduled
Maintenance are true. Do not use this schedule
if the vehicle is driven in a dusty area or used off
paved roads. Use the Short Trip/City schedule
for these conditions.
Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine
under highway conditions will cause engine oil to
break down slower.
Long Trip/Highway Intervals
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km): Engine Oil and
Filter Change and Engine Oil Pan Drain Plug
Washer Replacement (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Engine Air
Cleaner Filter Inspection. Passenger Compartment
Air Filter Replacement. Drive Belt(s) Inspection.
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Engine Air
Cleaner Filter Replacement. Spark Plug
Replacement. EVAP System Service. PCV
System Service. Timing Belt Inspection.
Brake/Clutch Fluid Change (or 24 months,
whichever occurs first).
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Spark Plug
Wire Replacement. Timing Belt Replacement.
EVAP System Solenoid Valve Replacement.
Every 90,000 Miles (150 000 km): Fuel Filter
Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km): Cooling
System Service.
These intervals only summarize maintenance
services. Be sure to follow the complete scheduled
maintenance on the following pages.
360
Short Trip/City Scheduled
Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to
100,000 miles (166 000 km) should be repeated
after 100,000 miles (166 000 km) at the same
intervals for the life of this vehicle. The services
shown at 150,000 miles (240 000 km) should be
repeated at the same interval after 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) for the life of this vehicle.
See Part B: Owner Checks and Services on
page 374 and Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections on page 380.
Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that
the failure to perform this maintenance item will not
nullify the emission warranty or limit recall liability
prior to the completion of the vehicle’s useful life.
We, however, urge that all recommended
maintenance services be performed at the indicated
intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during
tire rotation. See Brake System Inspection
on page 381.
361
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter and replace
engine oil pan drain plug washer. If necessary,
replace the filter. If vehicle is driven in
dusty/dirty conditions, inspect filter at every
engine oil change. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
on page 264 for more information.
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
362
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +)
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter. See Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter on page 264 for more
information.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
❑ Inspect timing belt.
❑ Inspect EVAP canister, vapor lines, and EVAP
vent solenoid valve. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Inspect PCV system. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change brake/clutch fluid (or every 24 months,
whichever occurs first).
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
363
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
364
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary,
replace the filter. If vehicle is driven in
dusty/dirty conditions, inspect filter at every
engine oil change. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
on page 264 for more information.
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter. See Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter on page 264 for more
information.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace spark plug wires. An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
❑ Replace timing belt.
❑ Inspect EVAP canister and vapor lines.
Replace EVAP vent solenoid valve. An
Emission Control Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Inspect PCV system. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change brake/clutch fluid (or every 24 months,
whichever occurs first).
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
365
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary,
replace the filter. If vehicle is driven in
dusty/dirty conditions, inspect filter at every
engine oil change. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
on page 264 for more information.
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
366
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions,
the filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 264 for more information.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
❑ Inspect timing belt.
❑ Inspect EVAP canister, vapor lines, and EVAP
vent solenoid valve. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Inspect PCV system. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change brake/clutch fluid (or every 24 months,
whichever occurs first).
367
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Drain, flush, and refill cooling system. This
service can be complex; you should have
your dealer perform this service. See Engine
Coolant on page 268 for what to use. Inspect
hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap,
and neck. Pressure test the cooling system
and pressure cap. An Emission Control Service.
368
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled
Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to
100,000 miles (166 000 km) should be repeated
after 100,000 miles (166 000 km) at the same
intervals for the life of this vehicle. The services
shown at 150,000 miles (240 000 km) should be
repeated at the same interval after 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) for the life of this vehicle.
See Part B: Owner Checks and Services on
page 374 and Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections on page 380.
Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that
the failure to perform this maintenance item will not
nullify the emission warranty or limit recall liability
prior to the completion of the vehicle’s useful life.
We, however, urge that all recommended
maintenance services be performed at the indicated
intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See Brake System Inspection on
page 381.
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 264 for more information.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
369
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter. See Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter on page 264 for more
information.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
370
❑ Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
❑ Inspect timing belt.
❑ Inspect EVAP canister, vapor lines, and EVAP
vent solenoid valve. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Inspect PCV system. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change brake/clutch fluid (or every 24 months,
whichever occurs first).
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 264 for more information.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter. See Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter on page 264 for more
information.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace spark plug wires. An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
❑ Replace timing belt.
❑ Inspect EVAP canister and vapor lines.
Replace EVAP vent solenoid valve. An
Emission Control Service. (See footnote †.)
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
371
❑ Inspect PCV system. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change brake/clutch fluid (or every 24 months,
whichever occurs first).
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 264 for more information.
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace passenger compartment air filter.
If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
❑ Replace engine air cleaner filter. See Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter on page 264 for more
information.
372
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
❑ Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Inspect drive belt(s).
❑ Inspect timing belt.
❑ Inspect EVAP canister, vapor lines and EVAP
vent solenoid valve. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Inspect PCV system. An Emission Control
Service. (See footnote †.)
❑ Change brake/clutch fluid (or every 24 months,
whichever occurs first).
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
❑ Change engine oil and filter and replace engine
oil pan drain plug washer (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
❑ Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 316 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
❑ Drain, flush, and refill cooling system. This
service can be complex; you should have
your dealer perform this service. See Engine
Coolant on page 268 for what to use. Inspect
hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap,
and neck. Pressure test the cooling system
and pressure cap. An Emission Control Service.
373
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Engine Coolant Level Check
Listed in this part are owner checks and services
which should be performed at the intervals
specified to help ensure the safety, dependability
and emission control performance of your
vehicle.
Check the engine coolant level and add the proper
coolant mixture if necessary. See Engine Coolant
on page 268 for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at
once. Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added
to your vehicle, make sure they are the proper
ones, as shown in Part D.
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer fluid reservoir and add
the proper fluid if necessary. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 280 for further details.
At Each Fuel Fill
At Least Once a Month
It is important for you or a service station attendant
to perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Tire Inflation Check
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil
if necessary. See Engine Oil on page 260 for
further details.
374
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Visually inspect the tires and make sure the tires
are inflated to the correct pressures. Do not
forget to check the spare tire. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 311.
At Least Twice a Year
Wiper Blade Check
Restraint System Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace
blade inserts that appear worn or damaged or
that streak or miss areas of the windshield. Also
see Windshield and Wiper Blades on page 340.
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all
your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for
any other loose or damaged safety belt system
parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Also look for any opened or broken airbag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced.
(The airbag system does not need regular
maintenance.)
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth. During
very cold, damp weather more frequent application
may be required. See Part D: Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 382.
Automatic Transaxle Check
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid
level. A transaxle fluid leak is the only reason for
fluid loss. Check for leaks. If a leak occurs,
take the vehicle to your dealer and have it repaired
as soon as possible.
375
Manual Transaxle Check
At Least Once a Year
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid
level. Check for leaks. A fluid leak is the only
reason for fluid loss. Have the system inspected
and repaired if needed.
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Clutch and Brake Pedal Free Play
Check
Body Lubrication Service
Check the clutch pedal and brake pedal for free
play and adjust as necessary.
376
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Lubricate all hood latch assemblies, secondary
latch, pivots, spring anchor, release pawl,
hood and body door hinges, rear compartment,
and any folding seat hardware. Part D tells
you what to use. More frequent lubrication
may be required when exposed to a corrosive
environment.
Starter Switch Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the
regular brake. See Parking Brake on page 116
if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately
if it starts.
3. On automatic transaxle vehicles, try to start
the engine in each gear. The starter should
work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
On manual transaxle vehicles, put the shift
lever in NEUTRAL, push the clutch pedal
down halfway and try to start the engine.
The starter should work only when the clutch
pedal is pushed down all the way to the
floor. If the starter works when the clutch pedal
is not pushed all the way down, your vehicle
needs service.
377
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked
on a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking
Brake on page 116 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to ON,
but do not start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the
shift lever moves out of PARK (P), your
vehicle needs service.
378
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try
to turn the ignition to LOCK in each shift lever
position.
• With an automatic transaxle, the ignition
should turn to LOCK only when the shift lever
is in PARK (P).
• With a manual transaxle, the ignition should
turn to LOCK only when you press the key
release button.
On all vehicles, the ignition key should come out
only in LOCK.
Turn the steering wheel to the left and to the right.
It should only lock when turned to the right.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your
vehicle could begin to move. You or
others could be injured and property
could be damaged. Make sure there is
room in front of your vehicle in case it
begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle
begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular
brake, set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability:
With the engine running and transaxle in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure
from the regular brake pedal. Do this until the
vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to
PARK (P). Then release the parking brake
followed by the regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take
care to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and
other debris can collect.
379
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Exhaust System Inspection
Listed in this part are inspections and services
which should be performed at least twice a
year (for instance, each spring and fall). You
should let your dealer’s service department
do these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs
are completed at once.
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the
body near the exhaust system. Look for broken,
damaged, missing or out-of-position parts as
well as open seams, holes, loose connections or
other conditions which could cause a heat
build-up in the floor pan or could let exhaust fumes
into the vehicle. See Engine Exhaust on
page 121.
Proper procedures to perform these services may
be found in a service manual. See Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 406.
Fuel System Inspection
Steering, Suspension and Front
Drive Axle Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose or missing
parts, signs of wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect
the power steering lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Clean and then inspect the drive axle boot seals
for damage, tears or leakage. Replace seals
if necessary.
380
Inspect the complete fuel system for damage
or leaks.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if
they are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect
all pipes, fittings and clamps; replace as needed.
Clean the outside of the radiator and air
conditioning condenser. To help ensure proper
operation, a pressure test of the cooling system
and pressure cap is recommended at least once
a year.
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines
and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for
wear and rotors for surface condition. Inspect other
brake parts, including calipers, parking brake,
etc. You may need to have your brakes inspected
more often if your driving habits or conditions
result in frequent braking.
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the throttle system for interference or
binding, and for damaged or missing parts.
Replace parts as needed. Replace any
components that have high effort or excessive
wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and cruise
control cables.
381
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number, or specification can be obtained from
your dealer.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine Oil
Engine oil which meets GM
Standard GM6094M and displays
the American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. GM Goodwrench®
oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle. To determine the
proper viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see Engine Oil on page 260.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only DEX-COOL®
Engine Coolant Coolant.
See Engine Coolant on
page 268.
382
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
®
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
System
Windshield
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Washer Solvent
Power Steering DEXRON®-VI Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
System
Automatic
Transaxle
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ESSO LT
71141 or TOTAL ATF H50235
(GM Part No. in Canada 89021903).
Manual
Transaxle
Manual Transmission Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021806,
in Canada 89021807).
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Chassis Lubricant
Manual
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985,
Transaxle Shift in Canada 88901242) or lubricant
Linkage
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Usage
Chassis
Lubrication
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring
Anchor, and
Release Pawl
Fluid/Lubricant
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985,
in Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Lubricant, Superlube
Hood and Door Multi-Purpose
(GM
Part
No.
U.S.
12346241,
Hinges
in Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Weatherstrip Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 3634770,
in Canada 10953518) or
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
383
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, and who performed the
service and any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” on the
following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
384
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Record
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Record
385
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
386
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Record
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance and Information ....... 388
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ............... 388
Online Owner Center ................................. 391
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users .......................... 392
Customer Assistance Offices ..................... 392
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ........ 394
Roadside Assistance Program ................... 394
Courtesy Transportation ............................. 398
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders ...................................... 400
Collision Damage Repair ........................... 401
Reporting Safety Defects ............................ 405
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..................... 405
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ............................ 405
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors ...................................... 406
Service Publications Ordering
Information ............................................. 406
387
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important
to your dealer and to Chevrolet. Normally, any
concerns with the sales transaction or the
operation of your vehicle will be resolved by your
dealer’s sales or service departments. Sometimes,
however, despite the best intentions of all
concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns
can be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter
has already been reviewed with the sales,
service, or parts manager, contact the owner of
the dealership or the general manager.
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern
cannot be resolved by the dealership without
further help, in the U.S., contact the Chevrolet
Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact General
Motors of Canada Customer Communication
Centre by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in
order to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please
have the following information available to give
the Customer Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). This is
available from the vehicle registration or
title, or the plate at the top left of the
instrument panel and visible through the
windshield.
• Dealership name and location.
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
(kilometers).
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s
facility. That is why we suggest you follow
Step One first if you have a concern.
388
STEP THREE — U.S. Owners: Both General
Motors and your dealer are committed to making
sure you are completely satisfied with your
new vehicle. However, if you continue to remain
unsatisfied after following the procedure outlined in
Steps 1 and 2, you should file with the Better
Business Bureau (BBB) Auto Line Program
to enforce your rights.
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court
program administered by the Council of Better
Business Bureaus to settle automotive disputes
regarding vehicle repairs or the interpretation
of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Although you
may be required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case
will generally be heard within 40 days. If you do
not agree with the decision given in your case, you
may reject it and proceed with any other venue
for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using
the toll-free telephone number or write them at the
following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle
age, mileage, and other factors. General Motors
reserves the right to change eligibility limitations
and/or discontinue its participation in this program.
389
STEP THREE — Canadian Owners:
In the event that you do not feel your concerns
have been addressed after following the
procedure outlined in Steps 1 and 2,
General Motors of Canada Limited wants you
to be aware of its participation in a no-charge
Mediation/Arbitration Program. General Motors
of Canada Limited has committed to binding
arbitration of owner disputes involving
factory-related vehicle service claims. The
program provides for the review of the facts
involved by an impartial third party arbiter, and
may include an informal hearing before the arbiter.
The program is designed so that the entire
dispute settlement process, from the time you file
your complaint to the final decision, should be
completed in about 70 days. We believe our
impartial program offers advantages over courts in
most jurisdictions because it is informal, quick,
and free of charge.
390
For further information concerning eligibility in
the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan
(CAMVAP), call toll-free 1-800-207-0685.
Alternatively, you may call the General Motors
Customer Communication Centre, 1-800-263-3777
(English), 1-800-263-7854 (French), or you may
write to:
The Mediation/Arbitration Program
c/o Customer Communication Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
Mail Code: CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Your inquiry should be accompanied by your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
Online Owner Center
My GM Canada (Canada only)
Online Owner Center
(United States only)
My GM Canada is a password-protected section
of gmcanada.com where you can save information
on GM vehicles, get personalized offers, and
use handy tools and forms with greater ease.
The Owner Center is a resource for your
GM ownership needs. Specific vehicle information
can be found in one place.
The Online Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific
vehicle, including tips and videos and
an electronic version of this owner manual.
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history
and maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges
only available to members.
Here are a few of the valuable tools and services
you will have access to:
− My Showroom: Find and save information on
vehicles and current offers in your area.
− My Dealers/Retailers: Save details such as
address and phone number for each of
your preferred GM Dealers or Retailers.
− My Driveway: Receive service reminders and
helpful advice on owning and maintaining
your vehicle.
− My Preferences: Manage your profile,
subscribe to E-News and use tools and forms
with greater ease.
Refer to www.MyGMLink.com on the web for
updated information and to register your vehicle.
To sign up to My GM Canada, visit the My
GM Canada section within www.gmcanada.com.
391
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of
hearing, or speech-impaired and who use
Text Telephones (TTYs), Chevrolet has TTY
equipment available at its Customer Assistance
Center. Any TTY user in the U.S. can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV (2438).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the
toll-free number for assistance. However, if a
customer wishes to write or e-mail Chevrolet, the
letter should be addressed to:
United States — Customer Assistance
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
392
www.Chevrolet.com
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA
(243-8872)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada — Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication
Centre, CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
www.gmcanada.com
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) — Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
Overseas — Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors
Business Unit.
393
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program
Roadside Assistance Program
In the U.S., call 1-800-CHEV-USA
(1-800-243-8872)
In Canada, call 1-800-268-6800
Service available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
This program, available to qualified applicants,
can reimburse you up to $1,000 of the cost
of eligible aftermarket adaptive equipment required
for your vehicle, such as hand controls or a
wheelchair/scooter lift.
The offer is available for a very limited period of
time from the date of vehicle purchase/lease.
For more details, or to determine your vehicle’s
eligibility, visit gmmobility.com or call the GM
Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
General Motors of Canada also has a Mobility
Program. Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483)
for details. TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
394
As the owner of a new Chevrolet vehicle, you are
automatically enrolled in the Chevrolet Roadside
Assistance program. This value-added service is
intended to provide you with peace of mind as you
drive in the city or travel the open road.
Who is Covered?
Roadside Assistance coverage is for the vehicle
operator, regardless of ownership. A person driving
this vehicle without the consent of the owner is
not eligible for coverage.
The following services are provided in the U.S.
during the Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period and,
in Canada, during the Base Warranty coverage
period of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty, up to
a maximum coverage of $100.
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel for the
customer to get to the nearest service station
(about $5 in the U.S. and 10 litres in Canada).
Service to provide diesel may be restricted. For
safety reasons, propane and other alternative
fuels will not be provided through this service.
• Lock-out Service: To ensure security, the
driver must present the vehicle registration and
personal ID before lock-out service is provided.
Lock-out service will be covered at no charge if
you are unable to gain entry into your vehicle.
If your vehicle will not start, Roadside
Assistance will arrange to have your vehicle
towed to the nearest authorized dealership. In
the U.S., replacement keys made at the
customer’s expense will be covered within
10 miles (16 km).
• Emergency Tow From a Public Roadway or
Highway: Tow to the nearest dealership for
warranty service or in the event of a
vehicle-disabling accident. Winch-out
assistance when the vehicle is mired in sand,
mud, or snow.
• Flat Tire Change: If your vehicle has a spare
tire, installation of the tire in good condition will
be covered at no charge. The customer is
responsible for the repair or replacement of the
tire if not covered by a warrantable failure.
• Jump Start: No-start occurrences which
require a battery jump start will be covered at
no charge.
395
Additional Services for Canadian
Customers
• Trip Routing Service: Upon Request,
Roadside Assistance will send you detailed,
computer-personalized maps, highlighting
your choice of either the most direct route or
the most scenic route to your destination,
anywhere in North America, along with any
helpful travel information we may have
pertaining to your trip. To request this service,
please call us toll-free at 1-800-268-6800.
We will make every attempt to send your
personalized trip routing as quickly as possible,
but it is best to allow three weeks before your
planned departure date. Trip routing requests
will be limited to six per calendar year.
• Trip Interruption Benefits and Assistance:
In the event of a warranty related vehicle
disablement, while en route and over
250 kilometres from original point of departure,
you may qualify for trip interruption expense
assistance. This assistance covers reasonable
reimbursement of up to a maximum of
$500 (Canadian) for (A) meals (maximum of
$50/day), (B) lodging (maximum of $100/night)
396
and (C) alternate ground transportation
(maximum of $40/day). This benefit is to assist
you with some of the unplanned expense you
may incur while waiting for your vehicle to be
repaired.
Pre-authorization, original detailed receipts and
a copy of the repair order are required.
Once authorization has been given, your
advisor will help you make any necessary
arrangements and explain how to claim for trip
interruption expense assistance.
• Alternative Service: There may be times,
when Roadside Assistance cannot provide
timely assistance, your advisor may authorize
you to secure local emergency road service,
and you will be reimbursed up to $100 upon
submission of the original receipt to Roadside
Assistance.
In many instances, mechanical failures are
covered under Chevrolet’s Bumper-to-Bumper
warranty, and the duration of the Base Warranty
Coverage for Canadian customers of the new
Vehicle Limited Warranty. However, any cost for
parts and labor for non-warranty repairs are
the responsibility of the driver.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling,
please provide the following to the Roadside
Assistance Representative:
• Your name, home address, and home
telephone number.
• Telephone number of your location.
• Location of the vehicle.
• Model, year, color, and license plate number.
• Odometer reading, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), and delivery date of the vehicle.
• Description of the problem.
While we hope you never have the occasion to
use our service, it is added security while traveling
for you and your family. Remember, we are
only a phone call away. U.S. customers call
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA
(1-800-243-8872), text telephone (TTY) users,
call 1-888-889-2438, Canadian customers
call 1-800-268-6800.
Chevrolet and General Motors of Canada Limited
reserve the right to limit services or reimbursement
to an owner or driver when, in their sole discretion,
the claims become excessive in frequency or type
of occurrence.
Roadside Assistance is not part of or included in
the coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Chevrolet and General Motors of
Canada Limited reserve the right to make any
changes or discontinue the Roadside Assistance
program at any time without notification.
Towing and Road Service Exclusions
Specifically excluded from Roadside Assistance
coverage are towing or services for vehicles
operated on a non-public roadway or highway,
fines, impound towing caused by a violation
of local, Municipal, State, Provincial, or Federal
law, and mounting, dismounting or changing
of snow tires, chains, or other traction devices.
397
Courtesy Transportation
Scheduling Service Appointments
To enhance your ownership experience, we and
our participating dealers are proud to offer
Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
When your vehicle requires warranty service,
contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and
advising your service consultant of your
transportation needs, your dealer can help
minimize your inconvenience.
For warranty repairs during the Bumper-to-Bumper
(U.S.) or Base Warranty Coverage period
(Canada), provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, interim transportation may be available
under the Courtesy Transportation program.
Several courtesy transportation options are
available to assist in reducing your inconvenience
when warranty repairs are required.
Courtesy Transportation is not a part of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty and is available only
at participating dealers. A separate booklet entitled
“Warranty and Owner Assistance Information”
furnished with each new vehicle provides detailed
warranty coverage information.
398
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the
service department immediately, keep driving it
until it can be scheduled for service, unless,
of course, the problem is safety-related. If it is,
please call your dealership, let them know this, and
ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the
vehicle off for service, you are urged to do so as
early in the work day as possible to allow for
the same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed
while you wait. However, if you are unable to wait,
GM helps to minimize your inconvenience by
providing several transportation options.
Depending on the circumstances, your dealer can
offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Shuttle service is the preferred means of offering
Courtesy Transportation and participating
dealers can provide you with shuttle service to get
you to your destination with minimal interruption
of your daily schedule. This includes one-way
or round trip shuttle service within reasonable time
and distance parameters for the dealer’s area.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
and public transportation is used as ‘shuttle
service,’ the reimbursement is limited to the
associated shuttle allowance and must be
supported by original receipts.
In addition, for U.S. customers, should you
arrange transportation through a friend or relative,
limited reimbursement for reasonable fuel
expenses may be available. Claim amounts should
reflect actual costs and be supported by original
receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a
courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for
a rental vehicle that you obtain if your vehicle is
kept for an overnight warranty repair. Rental
reimbursement will be limited and must be
supported by original receipts. This requires that
you sign and complete a rental agreement
and meet state/provincial, local, and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and
may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc. You are responsible
for fuel usage charges and may also be
responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees,
excessive mileage, or rental usage beyond the
completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle
as a courtesy rental.
399
Additional Program Information
All program options, such as shuttle service,
may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation
arrangements will be administered by appropriate
dealer personnel.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally
modify, change or discontinue Courtesy
Transportation at any time and to resolve all
questions of claim eligibility pursuant to the terms
and conditions described herein at its sole
discretion.
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles,
has a number of sophisticated computer systems
that monitor and control several aspects of the
vehicle’s performance. Your vehicle uses on-board
vehicle computers to monitor emission control
components to optimize fuel economy, to monitor
400
conditions for airbag deployment and, if the vehicle
has the Anti-lock Brake System (ABS), to provide
anti-lock braking and to help the driver control the
vehicle in difficult driving situations. Some
information may be stored during regular operations
to facilitate repair of detected malfunctions; other
information is stored only in a crash event by
computer systems, such as those commonly called
Event Data Recorders (EDR).
In a crash event, computer systems, such as the
airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) in
your vehicle may record information about the
condition of the vehicle and how it was operated,
such as data related to engine speed, brake
application, throttle position, vehicle speed, safety
belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag performance,
and the severity of a collision. This information has
been used to improve vehicle crash performance
and may be used to improve crash performance of
future vehicles and driving safety. Unlike the data
recorders on many airplanes, these on-board
systems do not record sounds, such as
conversation of vehicle occupants.
To read this information, special equipment is
needed and access to the vehicle or the device
that stores the data is required. GM will not access
information about a crash event or share it with
others other than:
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or,
if the vehicle is leased, with the consent of
the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or
similar government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through
the discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data,
GM may:
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where
appropriate confidentiality is to be maintained
and need is shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a
specific vehicle with non-GM organizations
for research purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have
access to the special equipment that can read the
information if they have access to the vehicle
or the device that stores the data.
If your vehicle has OnStar®, please check the
OnStar® subscription service agreement or owner
manual for information on its operations and
data collection.
Collision Damage Repair
If your vehicle is involved in a collision and it is
damaged, have the damage repaired by a qualified
technician using the proper equipment and
quality replacement parts. Poorly performed
collision repairs will diminish your vehicle’s resale
value, and safety performance can be
compromised in subsequent collisions.
Collision Parts
Genuine GM Collision parts are new parts made
with the same materials and construction methods
as the parts with which your vehicle was
originally built.
401
Genuine GM Collision parts are your best choice to
assure that your vehicle’s designed appearance,
durability, and safety are preserved. The use of
Genuine GM parts can help maintain your GM New
Vehicle Warranty.
Recycled original equipment parts may also be
used for repair. These parts are typically removed
from vehicles that were total losses in prior
accidents. In most cases, the parts being recycled
are from undamaged sections of the vehicle.
A recycled original equipment GM part, may be
an acceptable choice to maintain your vehicle’s
originally designed appearance and safety
performance, however, the history of these parts
is not known. Such parts are not covered by
your GM New Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any
related failures are not covered by that warranty.
Aftermarket collision parts are also available. These
are made by companies other than GM and may
not have been tested for your vehicle. As a result,
these parts may fit poorly, exhibit premature
durability/corrosion problems, and may not perform
properly in subsequent collisions. Aftermarket parts
are not covered by your GM New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, and any vehicle failure related to such
parts are not covered by that warranty.
402
Repair Facility
GM also recommends that you choose a collision
repair facility that meets your needs before you
ever need collision repairs. Your GM dealer
may have a collision repair center with GM-trained
technicians and state of the art equipment, or
be able to recommend a collision repair center that
has GM-trained technicians and comparable
equipment.
Insuring Your Vehicle
Protect your investment in your GM vehicle with
comprehensive and collision insurance coverage.
There are significant differences in the quality
of coverage afforded by various insurance policy
terms. Many insurance policies provide reduced
protection to your GM vehicle by limiting
compensation for damage repairs by using
aftermarket collision parts. Some insurance
companies will not specify aftermarket collision
parts. When purchasing insurance, we recommend
that you assure your vehicle will be repaired
with GM original equipment collision parts. If such
insurance coverage is not available from your
current insurance carrier, consider switching
to another insurance carrier.
If your vehicle is leased, the leasing company
may require you to have insurance that assures
repairs with Genuine GM Original Equipment
Manufacturer (OEM) parts or Genuine
Manufacturer replacement parts. Read your
lease carefully, as you may be charged at the
end of your lease for poor quality repairs.
If an Accident Occurs
Here is what to do if you are involved in an
accident.
• Try to relax and then check to make sure you
are all right. If you are uninjured, make sure that
no one else in your vehicle, or the other vehicle,
is injured.
• If there has been an injury, call 911 for help.
Do not leave the scene of an accident until all
matters have been taken care of. Move your
vehicle only if its position puts you in danger or
you are instructed to move it by a police officer.
• Give only the necessary and requested
information to police and other parties involved
in the accident. Do not discuss your personal
condition, mental frame of mind, or anything
unrelated to the accident. This will help guard
against post-accident legal action.
• If you need roadside assistance, call
GM Roadside Assistance. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 394 for more
information.
• If your vehicle cannot be driven, know where
the towing service will be taking it. Get a card
from the tow truck operator or write down the
driver’s name, the service’s name, and the
phone number.
• Remove any valuables from your vehicle before
it is towed away. Make sure this includes your
insurance information and registration if you
keep these items in your vehicle.
• Gather the important information you will
need from the other driver. Things like name,
address, phone number, driver’s license
number, vehicle license plate, vehicle make,
model and model year, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), insurance company and policy
number, and a general description of the
damage to the other vehicle.
403
• If possible, call your insurance company from
the scene of the accident. They will walk you
through the information they will need. If they
ask for a police report, phone or go to the police
department headquarters the next day and you
can get a copy of the report for a nominal fee. In
some states/provinces with “no fault” insurance
laws, a report may not be necessary. This is
especially true if there are no injuries and both
vehicles are driveable.
• Choose a reputable collision repair facility for
your vehicle. Whether you select a GM dealer
or a private collision repair facility to fix the
damage, make sure you are comfortable with
them. Remember, you will have to feel
comfortable with their work for a long time.
• Once you have an estimate, read it carefully
and make sure you understand what work will
be performed on your vehicle. If you have a
question, ask for an explanation. Reputable
shops welcome this opportunity.
404
Managing the Vehicle Damage
Repair Process
In the event that your vehicle requires damage
repairs, GM recommends that you take an active
role in its repair. If you have a pre-determined repair
facility of choice, take your vehicle there, or have it
towed there. Specify to the facility that any required
replacement collision parts be original equipment
parts, either new Genuine GM parts or recycled
original GM parts. Remember, recycled parts will
not be covered by your GM vehicle warranty.
Insurance pays the bill for the repair, but you
must live with the repair. Depending on your
policy limits, your insurance company may initially
value the repair using aftermarket parts. Discuss
this with your repair professional, and insist
on Genuine GM parts. Remember if your vehicle
is leased you may be obligated to have the
vehicle repaired with Genuine GM parts, even if
your insurance coverage does not pay the full cost.
If another party’s insurance company is paying for
the repairs, you are not obligated to accept a
repair valuation based on that insurance
company’s collision policy repair limits, as you
have no contractual limits with that company.
In such cases, you can have control of the repair
and parts choices as long as cost stays within
reasonable limits.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or
death, you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
in addition to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an investigation, and if it finds that a safety
defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA
cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236
(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
http://www.safercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA
400 Seventh Street, SW.
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
Reporting Safety Defects to
the Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that
your vehicle has a safety defect, you should
immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition
to notifying General Motors of Canada Limited.
You may call them at 1-800-333-0510 or write to:
Transport Canada
Road Safety Branch
2780 Sheffield Road
Ottawa, Ontario K1B 3V9
405
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
Service Publications Ordering
Information
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport
Canada) in a situation like this, we certainly
hope you will notify General Motors. Please call
the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center at
1-800-222-1020, or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777
(English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
Service Manuals
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
406
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle
suspension, brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit
repair service procedures, adjustments, and
specifications for GM transmissions, transaxles,
and transfer cases.
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General
Motors cars and trucks. Each bulletin contains
instructions to assist in the diagnosis and service
of your vehicle.
In Canada, the service bulletin reference number
can be obtained by contacting your General Motors
dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483). This reference number is
needed to order the service bulletin from Helm, Inc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $6.00 US + Processing Fee
Owner Information
Owner publications are written specifically for
owners and intended to provide basic operational
information about the vehicle. The owner
manual will include the Maintenance Schedule for
all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner Manual,
and Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00 US
+ Processing Fee
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00 US
+ Processing Fee
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Technical Service Bulletins and Manuals are
available for current and past model GM vehicles.
To request an order form, please specify year
and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on
the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and
without incurring obligation. Allow ample time
for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are
to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
407
✍ NOTES
408
A
Accessories and Modifications ..................... 249
Accessory Power Outlet(s) .......................... 152
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ............................ 83
Additives, Fuel ............................................ 252
Add-On Electrical Equipment ....................... 345
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ............................. 264
Air Conditioning ........................................... 155
Airbag
Passenger Status Indicator ....................... 165
Readiness Light ....................................... 164
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic
Module (SDM) .......................................... 400
Airbag System ............................................... 66
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ......................... 83
How Does an Airbag Restrain? .................. 73
Passenger Sensing System ....................... 76
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ....... 82
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? .................. 73
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates? ...................................... 74
When Should an Airbag Inflate? ................. 71
Where Are the Airbags? ............................. 69
Antenna, Integrated Windshield ................... 204
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ....................
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .......
Appearance Care
Aluminum Wheels ....................................
Care of Safety Belts ................................
Chemical Paint Spotting ...........................
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ..............
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ..........
Fabric/Carpet ...........................................
Finish Care ..............................................
Finish Damage .........................................
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces ....................................
Leather ....................................................
Sheet Metal Damage ...............................
Tires ........................................................
Underbody Maintenance ...........................
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..........
Washing Your Vehicle ..............................
Weatherstrips ...........................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades ...................
Ashtray(s) ....................................................
Audio System(s) ..........................................
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................
Care of Your CD Player ...........................
Care of Your CDs ....................................
Integrated Windshield Antenna .................
211
169
341
339
343
340
335
337
340
342
338
338
342
342
342
343
339
339
340
153
178
202
204
203
204
409
Audio System(s) (cont.)
Radio with CD .........................................
Radio with Six-Disc CD ............................
Understanding Radio Reception ...............
Automatic Transaxle
Fluid ........................................................
Operation .................................................
180
186
203
266
110
B
Battery ........................................................
Inadvertent Power Saver ..........................
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ....................
Brake
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................
Emergencies ............................................
Parking ....................................................
System Inspection ....................................
System Warning Light ..............................
Brakes ........................................................
Braking .......................................................
Braking in Emergencies ...............................
Break-In, New Vehicle .................................
Bulb Replacement .......................................
Center High-Mounted
Stoplamp (CHMSL) ...................... 296,
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps .........
410
284
152
227
211
213
116
381
168
281
210
213
105
290
297
292
Bulb Replacement (cont.)
Halogen Bulbs .........................................
Headlamp Aiming .....................................
Headlamps ...............................................
License Plate Lamps ................................
Replacement Bulbs ..................................
Sidemarker Lamps .......................... 294,
Taillamps, Stoplamps and
Back-Up Lamps .....................................
Taillamps, Turn Signal, and Stoplamps .......
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps .....................................
Turn Signal Lamps ...................................
Buying New Tires ........................................
290
290
290
301
301
295
300
298
299
293
318
C
California Fuel ............................................. 252
California Proposition 65 Warning ................ 249
Canadian Owners ........................................... 3
Capacities and Specifications ...................... 352
Carbon Monoxide ............... 99, 121, 231, 243
Care of
Safety Belts ............................................. 339
Your CD Player ........................................ 204
Your CDs ................................................. 203
Cargo Shade ............................................... 130
CD, MP3 ............................................ 194, 198
Center High-Mounted
Stoplamp (CHMSL) ......................... 296, 297
Center Rear Passenger Position,
Safety Belts ............................................... 36
Chains, Tire ................................................. 323
Charging System Light ................................ 167
Check
Engine Light ............................................ 172
Checking Things Under the Hood ................ 256
Chemical Paint Spotting .............................. 343
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ............................. 45
Infants and Young Children ........................ 41
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children .................................................. 51
Older Children ........................................... 38
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ................................. 59
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position ........................ 62
Where to Put the Restraint ........................ 50
Cigarette Lighter .......................................... 153
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels .................................... 341
Exterior Lamps/Lenses ............................. 340
Fabric/Carpet ........................................... 337
Cleaning (cont.)
Finish Care ..............................................
Inside of Your Vehicle ..............................
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces ....................................
Leather ....................................................
Tires ........................................................
Underbody Maintenance ...........................
Washing Your Vehicle ..............................
Weatherstrips ...........................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades ...................
Climate Control System ...............................
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment ...........
Outlet Adjustment .....................................
Clock ..........................................................
Clutch, Hydraulic .........................................
Collision Damage Repair .............................
Compact Spare Tire ....................................
Control of a Vehicle .....................................
Convenience Net .........................................
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ........................
Heater, Engine .........................................
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ........................
Cooling System ...........................................
Cruise Control .............................................
Cruise Control Light ....................................
340
335
338
338
342
342
339
339
340
155
159
159
154
266
401
334
210
129
171
109
271
273
145
176
411
Cupholder(s) ................................................
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation ...........................
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users .........................
Customer Assistance Offices ....................
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..............
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ......
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors .....................................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ..........................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ....................
Roadside Assistance Program ..................
Service Publications Ordering
Information ...........................................
126
398
392
392
388
394
406
405
405
394
406
D
Daytime Running Lamps .............................
Daytime Running Lamps Indicator Light .......
Defensive Driving ........................................
Disc, MP3 .......................................... 194,
Doing Your Own Service Work ....................
Dome Lamp ................................................
412
149
176
206
198
250
151
Door
Ajar Light ................................................. 177
Central Door Unlocking System ................. 96
Door Ajar Reminder ................................... 97
Locks ......................................................... 95
Power Door Locks ..................................... 96
Rear Door Security Locks .......................... 97
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ................................... 23
Seat Tilt Adjuster ....................................... 11
Driving
At Night ................................................... 220
City .......................................................... 225
Defensive ................................................. 206
Drunken ................................................... 207
Freeway ................................................... 226
Hill and Mountain Roads .......................... 229
In Rain and on Wet Roads ...................... 222
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .......... 236
Winter ...................................................... 231
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ................................... 345
Engine Compartment Fuse Block ............. 349
Electrical System (cont.)
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...................... 346
Headlamp Wiring ..................................... 346
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ................... 347
Power Windows and Other Power
Options ................................................. 346
Windshield Wiper Fuses ........................... 346
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ...................................... 264
Battery ..................................................... 284
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ..... 172
Coolant .................................................... 268
Coolant Heater ......................................... 109
Coolant Temperature Gage ...................... 171
Cooling System Inspection ....................... 381
Drive Belt Routing .................................... 354
Engine Compartment Overview ................ 258
Exhaust ................................................... 121
Oil ........................................................... 260
Overheating ............................................. 271
Starting .................................................... 107
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ...................... 400
Extender, Safety Belt ..................................... 37
Exterior Lamps ............................................ 148
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................
Finish Damage ............................................
Flashers, Hazard Warning ...........................
Flash-to-Pass ..............................................
Flat Tire ......................................................
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................
Flat Tire, Storing .........................................
Fluid
Automatic Transaxle .................................
Manual Transaxle .....................................
Power Steering ........................................
Windshield Washer ..................................
Fog Lamp Light ...........................................
Fog Lamps ..................................................
Front Armrest Storage Area .........................
Front Storage Area ......................................
Fuel ............................................................
Additives ..................................................
California Fuel ..........................................
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ..............
Filling Your Tank ......................................
Fuels in Foreign Countries .......................
264
342
140
143
324
324
333
266
266
279
280
176
150
128
127
251
252
252
256
254
253
413
Fuel (cont.)
Gage .......................................................
Gasoline Octane ......................................
Gasoline Specifications ............................
Low Warning Light ...................................
System Inspection ....................................
Fuses
Engine Compartment Fuse Block .............
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ...................
Windshield Wiper .....................................
177
251
251
178
380
349
346
347
346
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
Fuel .........................................................
Speedometer ...........................................
Tachometer ..............................................
Gasoline
Octane .....................................................
Specifications ...........................................
Glove Box ...................................................
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ..........
414
171
177
163
163
251
251
126
394
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................ 140
Head Restraints ............................................ 15
Headlamp
Aiming ..................................................... 290
Headlamp Wiring ......................................... 346
Headlamps .................................................. 290
Bulb Replacement .................................... 290
Daytime Running Lamps .......................... 149
Flash-to-Pass ........................................... 143
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps ...... 292
Halogen Bulbs ......................................... 290
High/Low Beam Changer ......................... 142
On Reminder ........................................... 149
Sidemarker Lamps .......................... 294, 295
Turn Signal Lamps ................................... 293
Heater ......................................................... 155
Hideaway Rear Storage Bins ....................... 130
Highbeam On Light ..................................... 176
Highway Hypnosis ....................................... 228
Hill and Mountain Roads ............................. 229
Hold Mode Light .......................................... 170
Hood
Checking Things Under ............................ 256
Release ................................................... 257
Horn ............................................................ 140
How to Use This Manual ................................ 4
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............... 23
Hydraulic Clutch .......................................... 266
I
Ignition Positions ......................................... 106
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver ................. 152
Infants and Young Children, Restraints .......... 41
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................... 311
Inspection
Brake System .......................................... 381
Engine Cooling System ............................ 381
Exhaust System ....................................... 380
Fuel System ............................................ 380
Part C - Periodic Maintenance ................. 380
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive
Axle Boot and Seal .............................. 380
Throttle System ........................................ 381
Instrument Panel
Overview .................................................. 136
Instrument Panel (I/P)
Brightness ................................................ 150
Cluster ..................................................... 161
Integrated Windshield Antenna .................... 204
J
Jump Starting .............................................. 285
K
Keyless Entry System ................................... 91
Keys ............................................................. 89
L
Labeling, Tire Sidewall ................................. 304
Lamps
Dome ....................................................... 151
Exterior .................................................... 148
Fog .......................................................... 150
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver .............. 152
Map ......................................................... 151
LATCH System
Child Restraints ......................................... 51
License Plate Lamps ................................... 301
Liftgate .......................................................... 99
Light
Airbag Readiness ..................................... 164
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ............. 169
Brake System Warning ............................. 168
415
Light (cont.)
Charging System ..................................... 167
Cruise Control .......................................... 176
Daytime Running Lamps Indicator ............ 176
Door Ajar ................................................. 177
Fog Lamp ................................................ 176
Highbeam On .......................................... 176
Hold Mode ............................................... 170
Low Fuel Warning .................................... 178
Malfunction Indicator ................................ 172
Oil Pressure ............................................. 175
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............ 165
Safety Belt Reminder ............................... 164
Safety Belt Reminder Tone ...................... 164
Speed Sensitive Power Steering (SSPS)
Warning Light ....................................... 170
Tire Pressure ........................................... 171
Trunk Ajar ................................................ 177
Loading Your Vehicle ................................... 236
Lockout Protection ......................................... 98
Locks
Central Door Unlocking System ................. 96
Door .......................................................... 95
Lockout Protection ..................................... 98
Power Door ............................................... 96
Rear Door Security Locks .......................... 97
416
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled
Maintenance ............................................ 369
Loss of Control ........................................... 219
Low Fuel Warning Light ............................... 178
Lumbar
Manual Controls ......................................... 12
M
Maintenance, Normal Replacement Parts ......
Maintenance Schedule
At Each Fuel Fill ......................................
At Least Once a Month ............................
At Least Once a Year ..............................
At Least Twice a Year ..............................
Brake System Inspection ..........................
Engine Cooling System Inspection ...........
Exhaust System Inspection ......................
Fuel System Inspection ............................
How This Section is Organized ................
Introduction ..............................................
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled
Maintenance .........................................
Maintenance Requirements ......................
Part A - Scheduled Maintenance
Services ...............................................
353
374
374
376
375
381
381
380
380
356
356
369
356
358
Maintenance Schedule (cont.)
Part B - Owner Checks and Services ...... 374
Part C - Periodic Maintenance
Inspections ........................................... 380
Part D - Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants ............................................. 382
Part E - Maintenance Record ................... 384
Selecting the Right Schedule ................... 359
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance ...... 361
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive
Axle Boot and Seal Inspection .............. 380
Throttle System Inspection ....................... 381
Using ....................................................... 358
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 356
Malfunction Indicator Light ........................... 172
Manual Lumbar Controls ............................... 12
Manual Seats ........................................... 9, 10
Manual Transaxle
Fluid ........................................................ 266
Operation ................................................. 114
Manual Windows ......................................... 100
Map Lamps ................................................. 151
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror ........................... 123
Outside Convex Mirror ............................. 125
Mirrors (cont.)
Outside Heated Mirrors ............................
Outside Manual Mirrors ............................
Outside Power Mirrors .............................
MP3 ................................................... 194,
MyGMLink.com ............................................
125
123
124
198
391
N
New Vehicle Break-In .................................. 105
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ....... 353
O
Odometer .................................................... 163
Odometer, Trip ............................................ 163
Off-Road Recovery ...................................... 216
Oil
Engine ..................................................... 260
Pressure Light .......................................... 175
Older Children, Restraints ............................. 38
Online Owner Center ................................... 391
Other Warning Devices ................................ 140
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 159
Outlet(s), Accessory Power .......................... 152
417
Outside
Convex Mirror .......................................... 125
Heated Mirrors ......................................... 125
Manual Mirrors ......................................... 123
Power Mirrors .......................................... 124
Owners, Canadian .......................................... 3
P
Paint, Damage ............................................
Park (P)
Shifting Into .............................................
Shifting Out of .........................................
Parking
Brake .......................................................
Over Things That Burn ............................
Parking Your Vehicle ...................................
Part A - Scheduled Maintenance Services ......
Part B - Owner Checks and Services ..........
Part C - Periodic Maintenance
Inspections ...............................................
Part D - Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants ................................................
Part E - Maintenance Record ......................
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ...............
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ...............
418
342
117
118
116
120
119
358
374
380
382
384
165
159
Passenger Sensing System ........................... 76
Passing ....................................................... 217
Power
Accessory Outlet(s) .................................. 152
Door Locks ................................................ 96
Electrical System ..................................... 346
Inadvertent Battery Saver ......................... 152
Steering Fluid .......................................... 279
Windows .................................................. 101
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ............................. 37
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ...... 22
R
Radios ........................................................ 178
Care of Your CD Player ........................... 204
Care of Your CDs .................................... 203
Radio with CD ......................................... 180
Radio with Six-Disc CD ............................ 186
Understanding Reception ......................... 203
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 97
Rear Seat Armrest ...................................... 129
Rear Seat Operation ..................................... 16
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .............. 33
Rear Windshield Washer/Wiper .................... 145
Rearview Mirrors ......................................... 123
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 12
Recreational Vehicle Towing ........................ 242
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System ............ 91
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System,
Operation ................................................... 92
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire ................................................ 329
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ............ 326
Replacement Bulbs ..................................... 301
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government ............................. 405
General Motors ........................................ 406
United States Government ....................... 405
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems ................. 84
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ......................................... 85
Right Front Passenger Position,
Safety Belts ............................................... 32
Roadside
Assistance Program ................................. 394
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .............. 236
Roof Rack Provisions .................................. 128
Routing, Engine Drive Belt .......................... 354
Running the Engine While Parked ............... 122
S
Safety Belt
Pretensioners ............................................. 37
Reminder Light ........................................ 164
Reminder Tone ........................................ 164
Safety Belts
Care of .................................................... 339
Center Rear Passenger Position ................ 36
Driver Position ........................................... 23
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............ 23
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ............................................ 22
Rear Seat Passengers ............................... 33
Right Front Passenger Position .................. 32
Safety Belt Extender .................................. 37
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ............. 32
Safety Belts Are for Everyone .................... 18
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster .................... 31
Safety Warnings and Symbols ......................... 4
Seats
Driver Seat Tilt Adjuster ............................. 11
Head Restraints ......................................... 15
Manual ................................................. 9, 10
Manual Lumbar .......................................... 12
Rear Seat Operation .................................. 16
Reclining Seatbacks ................................... 12
419
Securing a Child Restraint
Rear Seat Position ..................................... 59
Right Front Seat Position ........................... 62
Selecting the Right Schedule,
Maintenance ............................................ 359
Service ........................................................ 248
Accessories and Modifications .................. 249
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle ......................................... 251
California Proposition 65 Warning ............. 249
Doing Your Own Work ............................. 250
Engine Soon Light ................................... 172
Publications Ordering Information ............. 406
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 82
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 342
Shifting Into Park (P) ................................... 117
Shifting Out of Park (P) ............................... 118
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance ........ 361
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ........................ 31
Signals, Turn and Lane-Change .................. 142
Spare Tire
Compact .................................................. 334
Installing .................................................. 329
Removing ................................................ 326
Storing ..................................................... 333
420
Specifications, Capacities ............................
Speed Sensitive Power Steering (SSPS)
Warning Light ...........................................
Speedometer ...............................................
Starting Your Engine ...................................
Steering ......................................................
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive
Axle Boot and Seal Inspection .................
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ...................
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ..........................
Storage Areas .............................................
Convenience Net .....................................
Cupholder(s) ............................................
Front Armrest Storage Area ......................
Front Storage Area ..................................
Glove Box ................................................
Hideaway Rear Storage Bins ...................
Rear Seat Armrest ...................................
Roof Rack Provisions ...............................
Sunglasses Storage Compartment ............
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow ...............
Sun Visors ..................................................
Sunroof .......................................................
352
170
163
107
214
380
202
141
126
129
126
128
127
126
130
129
128
127
235
102
131
T
Tachometer ................................................. 163
Taillamps
Stoplamps, and Back-Up Lamps .............. 300
Turn Signal, and Stoplamps ..................... 298
Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps ..................................... 299
Theft-Deterrent System ................................ 103
Theft-Deterrent Systems .............................. 103
Throttle System Inspection .......................... 381
Tilt Adjuster, Driver Seat ................................ 11
Tilt Wheel .................................................... 141
Time ........................................................... 154
Tire
Pressure Light .......................................... 171
Tires ........................................................... 303
Aluminum Wheels, Cleaning ..................... 341
Buying New Tires ..................................... 318
Chains ..................................................... 323
Changing a Flat Tire ................................ 324
Cleaning .................................................. 342
Compact Spare Tire ................................. 334
Different Size ........................................... 319
If a Tire Goes Flat ................................... 324
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................ 311
Tires (cont.)
Inspection and Rotation ............................
Installing the Spare Tire ...........................
Pressure Monitor System .........................
Removing the Flat Tire .............................
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ............
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools .........
Tire Sidewall Labeling ..............................
Tire Terminology and Definitions ...............
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ....................
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ...........
Wheel Replacement .................................
When It Is Time for New Tires .................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .................................
Towing a Trailer .......................................
Your Vehicle .............................................
Transaxle
Fluid, Automatic .......................................
Fluid, Manual ...........................................
Transaxle Operation, Automatic ...................
Transaxle Operation, Manual .......................
Trip Odometer .............................................
Trunk Ajar Light ...........................................
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ...................
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ....................
316
329
312
329
326
333
304
307
320
321
322
317
242
243
241
266
266
110
114
163
177
142
141
421
U
Understanding Radio Reception ................... 203
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ....................... 320
V
Vehicle
Control ..................................................... 210
Damage Warnings ....................................... 5
Loading .................................................... 236
Parking Your ............................................ 119
Symbols ...................................................... 5
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders ........................................ 400
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) .......................................... 344
Service Parts Identification Label .............. 345
Ventilation Adjustment .................................. 159
Visors .......................................................... 102
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ......... 161
Warnings
Hazard Warning Flashers ......................... 140
Other Warning Devices ............................ 140
422
Warnings (cont.)
Safety and Symbols ..................................... 4
Vehicle Damage .......................................... 5
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance ..................... 321
Different Size ........................................... 319
Replacement ............................................ 322
Where to Put the Restraint ............................ 50
Windows ..................................................... 100
Manual ..................................................... 100
Power ...................................................... 101
Windshield
Washer .................................................... 144
Washer Fluid ........................................... 280
Wiper Blade Replacement ........................ 302
Wiper Blades, Cleaning ............................ 340
Wiper Fuses ............................................ 346
Wipers ..................................................... 143
Windshield, Rear Washer/Wiper ................... 145
Winter Driving ............................................. 231
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............... 356