Carrier 060 Unit installation

50RHE 006-060
Water-Source Heat Pumps Horizontal Units
TM
Carrier is participating in
the Eurovent Certification
Programme. Products are
as listed in the Eurovent
Directory of Certified
Products.
Installation, Operation and Maintenance Instructions
CONTENTS
1 - SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS ............................................................................................................................................................. 3
2 - GENERAL .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3
3 - INSTALLATION ................................................................................................................................................................................... 3
3.1 - Check jobsite ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3
3.2 - Check unit ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 3
3.3 - Unit location ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 7
3.4 - Mounting the unit ................................................................................................................................................................................. 8
3.5 - Duct system .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8
3.6 - Condensate drain .................................................................................................................................................................................. 8
3.7 - Piping connections ............................................................................................................................................................................... 9
3.8 - Electrical wiring ................................................................................................................................................................................. 10
3.9 - Low voltage wiring ............................................................................................................................................................................ 17
4 - PRE-START-UP .................................................................................................................................................................................. 18
4.1 - System checkout ................................................................................................................................................................................ 18
5 - FIELD SELECTABLE INPUTS .........................................................................................................................................................
5.1 - Complete C control jumper settings ..................................................................................................................................................
5.2 - Complete C control DIP switches ......................................................................................................................................................
5.3 - Deluxe D control jumper settings ......................................................................................................................................................
5.4 - Deluxe D control DIP switches ..........................................................................................................................................................
5.5 - Deluxe D control accessory relay configurations ..............................................................................................................................
5.6 - Water valve (slow opening) ...............................................................................................................................................................
5.7 - Outdoor air damper (OAD) ................................................................................................................................................................
18
18
18
18
19
19
20
20
6 - START-UP ...........................................................................................................................................................................................
6.1 - Operating limits ..................................................................................................................................................................................
6.2 - Scroll compressor rotation .................................................................................................................................................................
6.3 - Unit start-up cooling mode ................................................................................................................................................................
6.4 - Unit start-up heating mode .................................................................................................................................................................
6.5 - Flow regulation ..................................................................................................................................................................................
6.6 - Flushing ..............................................................................................................................................................................................
6.7 - Anti-freeze ..........................................................................................................................................................................................
6.8 - Cooling tower/boiler systems ............................................................................................................................................................
6.9 - Ground coupled, closed loop and plateframe heat exchanger well systems ......................................................................................
20
20
21
21
21
21
22
23
23
23
7 - OPERATION ........................................................................................................................................................................................
7.1 - Power up mode ...................................................................................................................................................................................
7.2 - Units with Aquazone Complete C control .........................................................................................................................................
7.3 - Units with Aquazone Deluxe D control .............................................................................................................................................
24
24
24
24
8 - SYSTEM TEST ....................................................................................................................................................................................
8.1 - Test mode ...........................................................................................................................................................................................
8.2 - Retry mode .........................................................................................................................................................................................
8.3 - Aquazone Deluxe D control LED indicators .....................................................................................................................................
25
25
25
25
9 - SERVICE ..............................................................................................................................................................................................
9.1 - Filters ..................................................................................................................................................................................................
9.2 - Water coil ...........................................................................................................................................................................................
9.3 - Condensate drain pans .......................................................................................................................................................................
9.4 - Refrigerant system .............................................................................................................................................................................
9.5 - Condensate drain cleaning .................................................................................................................................................................
9.6 - Air coil cleaning .................................................................................................................................................................................
9.7 - Condenser cleaning ............................................................................................................................................................................
9.8 - Checking system charge ....................................................................................................................................................................
9.9 - Refrigerant charging ..........................................................................................................................................................................
9.10 - Air coil fan motor removal ...............................................................................................................................................................
26
26
26
26
27
27
27
27
27
28
28
10 - TROUBLESHOOTING ..................................................................................................................................................................... 28
10.1 - Thermistor ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 28
10.2 - Control sensors ................................................................................................................................................................................. 28
11 - START-UP CHECKLIST - 50RHE R-407C UNIT ......................................................................................................................... 32
2
1 - SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
3 - INSTALLATION
Installation and servicing of air-conditioning equipment can be
hazardous due to system pressure and electrical components.
Only trained and qualified service personnel should install, repair,
or service air-conditioning equipment.
3.1 - Check jobsite
Untrained personnel can perform basic maintenance functions of
cleaning coils and filters and replacing filters. All other operations should be performed by trained service personnel. When
working on air-conditioning equipment, observe precautions in
the literature, tags and labels attached to the unit, and other
safety precautions that may apply.
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, maintenance,
or use can cause explosion, fire, electrical shock or other conditions which may cause personal injury or property damage.
Consult a qualified installer, service agency, or your distributor
or branch for information or assistance. The qualified installer
or agency must use factory-authorized kits or accessories when
modifying this product. Refer to the individual instructions
packaged with the kits or accessories when installing.
Installation, operation and maintenance instructions are provided
with each unit. Before unit start-up, read all manuals and become
familiar with the unit and its operation. Thoroughly check out
the system before operation. Complete the inspections and
instructions listed below to prepare a unit for installation. See
Table 1 for unit physical data.
Horizontal units are designed for indoor installation only. Be sure
to allow adequate space around the unit for servicing. See Fig. 1
for overall unit dimensions. Refer to Fig. 2 for an illustration of
a typical horizontal installation.
CAUTION: To avoid equipment damage, do not use these
units as a source of heating or cooling during the construction
process. The mechanical components and filters used in these
units quickly become clogged with construction dirt and debris
which may cause system damage.
3.2 - Check unit
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses and work gloves. Use
quenching cloth for brazing operations. Have fire extinguisher
available. Read these instructions thoroughly and follow all
warnings or cautions attached to the unit. Consult local building
codes and electrical codes for special installation requirements.
WARNING: Electrical shock can cause personal injury or
death. Before installing or servicing system, always turn off
main power to system. There may be more than one disconnect
switch. Turn off accessory heater power if applicable.
2 - GENERAL
Water-source heat pump units are single-package horizontal
mounted units with electronic controls designed for year-round
cooling and heating. Aquazone 50RHE water-source heat pump
units are designed for high-efficiency operation using HFC-407C
refrigerant.
Upon receipt of shipment at the jobsite, carefully check the shipment against the bill of lading. Make sure all units have been
received. Inspect the carton or crating of each unit, and inspect
each unit for damage. Ensure the shipping company makes
proper notation of any shortages or damage on all copies of the
freight bill. Concealed damage not discovered during unloading
must be reported to the shipping company within 15 days of
receipt of shipment.
NOTE: It is the responsibility of the purchaser to file all
necessary claims with the shipping company.
1.
2.
3.
IMPORTANT: The installation of water-source heat pump
units and all associated components, parts and accessories
which make up the installation shall be in accordance with
the regulations of ALL authorities having jurisdiction and
MUST conform to all applicable codes. It is the responsibility
of the installing contractor to determine and comply with
ALL applicable codes and regulations.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Verify unit is correct model for entering water temperature
of job.
Be sure that the location chosen for unit installation provides
ambient temperatures maintained above freezing. Well
water applications are especially susceptible to freezing.
Be sure the installation location is isolated from sleeping
areas, private offices and other acoustically sensitive spaces.
NOTE: A sound control accessory package may be used to
help eliminate sound in sensitive spaces.
Check local codes to be sure a secondary drain pan is not
required under the unit.
Be sure unit is mounted at a height sufficient to provide an
adequate slope of the condensate lines. If an appropriate
slope cannot be achieved, a field-supplied condensate pump
may be required.
Provide sufficient space for duct connection.
Provide adequate clearance for filter replacement and drain
pan cleaning. Do not allow piping, conduit, etc. to block
filter access.
Provide sufficient access to allow maintenance and servicing
of the fan and fan motor, compressor and coils. Removal
of the entire unit from the closet should not be necessary.
Provide an unobstructed path to the unit within the closet
or mechanical room. Space should be sufficient to allow
removal of unit if necessary.
3
10. Provide ready access to water valves and fittings, and screwdriver access to unit side panels, discharge collar, and all
electrical connections.
11. Where access to side panels is limited, pre-removal of the
control box side mounting screws may be necessary for
future servicing.
3.2.3 - Inspect unit
To prepare the unit for installation, complete the procedures
listed below:
1. Compare the electrical data on the unit nameplate with
ordering and shipping information to verify that the correct
unit has been shipped.
2. Verify that the unit is the correct model for the entering
water temperature of the job.
3. Do not remove the packaging until the unit is ready for
installation.
4. Verify that the refrigerant tubing is free of kinks or dents,
and that it does not touch other unit components.
5. Inspect all electrical connections. Be sure connections are
clean and tight at the terminals.
6. Compressors are internally isolated. Compressors equipped
with external spring vibration isolators must have bolts
loosened and shipping clamps removed.
7. Remove any blower support cardboard from inlet of the
blower.
8. Locate and verify any accessory kit located in compressor
section.
9. Remove any access panel screws that may be difficult to
remove once unit is installed.
3.2.1 - Storage
If the equipment is not needed immediately at the jobsite, it
should be left in its shipping carton and stored in a clean, dry area
of the building or in a warehouse. Units must be stored in an
upright position at all times. If carton stacking is necessary, stack
units a maximum of three high. Do not remove any equipment
from its shipping package until it is needed for installation.
3.2.2 - Protection
Once the units are properly positioned on the jobsite, cover
them with either a shipping carton, vinyl film, or an equivalent
protective covering. Cap open ends of pipes stored on the jobsite.
This precaution is especially important in areas where painting,
plastering or spraying of fireproof material, etc. is not yet complete. Foreign material that accumulates within the units can
prevent proper start-up and necessitate costly clean-up operations.
Before installing any of the system components, be sure to
examine each pipe, fitting and valve, and remove any dirt or
foreign material found in or on these components.
CAUTION: DO NOT store or install units in corrosive environments or in locations subject to temperature or humidity
extremes (e.g., attics, garages, rooftops, etc.). Corrosive conditions and high temperature or humidity can significantly
reduce performance, reliability, and service life. Always
move units in an upright position. Tilting units on their sides
may cause equipment damage.
Table 1 - Physical data
50RHE
006
009
012
015
019
024
030
036
042
048
060
Cooling capacity*
Cooling COP
kW
W/W
1.5
3.3
2.1
4.0
2.5
3.1
3.9
4.6
4.9
3.3
5.7
3.4
6.4
3.3
8.0
3.3
9.9
3.7
11.4
3.6
13.7
3.4
Heating capacity**
Heating COP
kW
W/W
1.8
3.9
2.4
4.2
3.4
3.7
3.8
4.7
6.1
4.0
7.0
4.0
7.9
4.0
10.6
4.0
11.3
4.4
14.3
4.1
16.8
4.3
6.8
9.9
34.3
27.0
19.1
23.7
13.9
12.2
16.3
22.3
32.5
0.07
0.11
0.15
0.16
0.22
0.28
0.35
0.43
0.50
0.57
Pressure drop
Liquid flow rate
kPa
l/s
Compressor
Refrigerant charge R-407C
Fan motor and blower
Fan motor power input
Blower wheel size (D x W)
Air flow
One … rotary
kg
0.34
0.37
0.68
0.88
0.91
Water connection size (FPT) in
1/2
mm
0.71
One … scroll
1.19
1.36
1.19
PSC type, 3 speeds
W 30
75
75
124
150
250
373
560
560
mm 127 x 127 127 x 127 152 x 127 152 x 127 152 x 127 152 x 127 152 x 127 254 x 254 254 x 254
l/s 81
113
140
212
264
307
349
437
530
Horizontal air heat exchanger
Dimensions (H x W)
mm 254 x 406
Total face area
m2 0.103
Tube size
mm 9.5
Fin spacing
mm 2.2
Number of rows
2
Filter
Qty - size
0.37
One … reciprocating
1.59
2.41
560
746
254 x 254 279 x 254
630
790
1/2
1/2
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
1
1
1
254 x 406
0.103
9.5
2.2
2
254 x 406
0.103
9.5
2.2
3
406 x 406
0.165
9.5
2.2
3
406 x 406
0.165
9.5
2.2
3
406 x 406
0.165
9.5
2.2
3
457 x 559
0.255
9.5
2.2
3
457 x 559
0.255
9.5
2.2
3
457 x 787
0.360
9.5
2.2
3
457 x 787
0.360
9.5
2.2
3
508 x 889
0.452
9.5
2.7
4
25 mm throwaway
1 - 254 x 508
1 - 406 x 508
1 - 457 x 610
2 - 457 x 457
1 - 305 x 508
1 - 635 x 508
Operating weight
kg
50.0
50.9
55.0
66.8
76.8
87.7
99.5
104.1
116.8
121.4
146.8
Packaged weight
kg
54.5
55.5
59.5
71.4
81.4
92.3
105.0
109.5
122.3
126.8
153.6
PSC – Permanent split capacitor
*
Based on Eurovent conditions: 27°C dry bulb, 19°C wet bulb entering air temperature and 30°C entering water temperature.
** Heating capacities based upon 20°C dry bulb, 15°C wet bulb entering air temperature and 20°C entering water temperature.
Notes:
1. All ratings based upon operation at lower voltage of dual voltage rated models.
2. All air flow is rated on high speed.
3. A water-to-air heat pump using water or brine circulating in a common piping loop functioning as a heat source/heat sink.
4. The temperature of the water or brine loop is usually mechanically controlled within a temperature range of 15.6°C to 35°C.
4
Fig. 1 - Dimensions
50RHE
Overall cabinet
A (width)
B (depth)
C (height)
mm
Water connections
E (water out)
mm
Electrical knockouts
J (1/2 conduit) low voltage
K (1/2 conduit) ext. pump
L (3/4 conduit) power supply
mm
Discharge connection
(duct flange installed ±2.5 mm)
M
N
O (supply height)
P (supply depth)
Q
R
mm
Return connection
(using return air opening)
S (return depth)
T (return height)
mm
006-012
015-024
030
036
042-048
060
568
1095
287
568
1095
439
568
1351
490
568
1351
490
568
1580
490
645
1808
541
137
124
137
137
137
137
89
140
208
89
191
259
145
246
310
145
246
310
145
246
310
206
297
361
147
102
147
203
147
38
127
142
264
236
127
38
127
173
264
236
127
53
74
97
343
333
74
48
74
97
343
333
74
48
147
127
345
338
147
74
434
236
434
389
587
439
587
439
815
439
917
490
Notes:
1. Condensate is 3/4-in. FPT copper.
2. Horizontal unit shipped with filter bracket only. This bracket should be removed for return duct connection.
3. Hanger kit is factory-installed. Isolation grommets are provided.
4. Right and left orientation is determined by looking at water connection side (front).
Left return
610 mm
service
access*
CSP
Front
Right return
Legend
CAP - control access panel
CSP - compressor service panel
BSP - blower service panel
ASP - alternate service panel
Optional
610 mm
service
access*
Power supply
3/4” knockout
Left return
Optional 610 mm
service access*
Right return
CSP
1/2” knockout
82.6
82.5 mm
ASP
610 mm
service
access*
Front
82.5 mm
82.6
Low voltage
1/2” knockout
L
F
Right
discharge
CAP
K
5
F
J
2
1
Back
discharge
Condensate
3/4” FPT
Left
discharge
3
E
D
Condensate
3/4” FPT
A
Front view
Back
discharge
Blower
outlet
O
R
P
C
Y
R
50RHE
X
Y
Z
006-024
030-036
042-048
060
1095
1349
1577
1806
619
619
619
695
518
518
518
594
C
Z
A
Air coil side
P
Front
BSP
Q
Air coil side
Unit hanger detail
Blower
outlet
O
BSP
Q
A
X
Left return back discharge
P
Right return back discharge
M
N
Blower
outlet
ASP
O
BSP
P
BSP
Blower
outlet
CSP
O
Front
N
Front
V
C T
U
S
Right return right discharge
M
Left return right discharge
Air coil
Air coil
27.9
S
CSP
C
Front
ASP
V
U
T
Front
F
B
Left return left view - air coil opening
B
Right return left view - air coil opening
*
Shaded areas are recommended service areas, not required.
5
Fig. 2 - Typical installation - 50RHE units
Return loop
3/8” threaded rods
(by others)
Filter access
Field-supplied transition to
minimise pressure loss
Supply loop
Water in
Return air
(ductwork
not shown)
Power wiring
Supply air
Water out
Thermostat
wiring
Field-supplied
stainless steel
braid hose with
integral swivel
Balancing valve
(field-installed and
calibrated accessory)
Low pressure drop water
control valve (optional)
(field-installed accessory)
Unit power
Insulated supply duct with at
least one 90° elbow to reduce
air noise (field-supplied)
Flexible
connection
Field-supplied electric
heat (if applicable)
Unit power
disconnect
Unit hanger
3/8” threaded rod
(by others)
Vibration isolator (white
compressor end and red
blower end) size 042-070
Washer (by others)
Double hex nuts
(by others)
50RHR,RHS: Install screw as shown on
sizes 042-060. Optional on smaller sizes
50RHC: Screw must only be
1/2” long to prevent damage
Integral hanger support,
pre-attached in factory
Unit hanger isolation detail
6
Water out
Water in
Ball valve with optional integral P/T plug
(typical for supply and return piping)
3.3 - Unit location
The following guidelines should be considered when choosing
a location for a water-source heat pump unit:
•
Units are for indoor use only.
•
Locate in areas where ambient temperatures are between
4.4°C and 37.8°C and relative humidity is no greater than
75%.
•
Provide sufficient space for water, electrical and duct
connections.
•
Locate unit in an area that allows easy access and removal
of filter and access panels.
•
Allow enough space for service personnel to perform
maintenance.
•
Return air must be able to freely enter the space if unit
needs to be installed in a confined area such as a closet.
NOTE: Correct placement of the horizontal unit can play an
important part in minimising sound problems. Since ductwork
is normally applied to these units, the unit can be placed so
that the principal sound emission is outside the occupied
space in sound-critical applications. A fire damper may be
required by the local code if a fire wall is penetrated.
Fig. 3 - Conversion left return, side discharge to back
discharge
Water
connection end
Remove screws
Return air
Side discharge
Water
connection end
Rotate
Return air
Move to side
Water
connection end
Replace screws
3.3.1 - Field conversion of discharge air
The discharge air of the 50RHE horizontal units can be converted
between side and back discharge in the field. The conversion
process is the same for right and left return configurations (see
Figs. 3 and 4).
NOTE: It is not possible to convert return air between left or
right return models in the field due to refrigerant piping
changes.
Preparation
The unit should be on the ground in a well-lit area for conversion.
Hung units should be taken down to ground level before converting.
Side to back discharge conversion
1. Remove screws to free the top and discharge panels (see
Fig. 3).
2. Remove the access panel and set aside.
3. Lift the discharge panel from side of unit and rotate it to
back using care not to damage blower wiring.
4. Check blower wire routing and connections for excessive
tension or contact with sheet metal edges. Re-route if
necessary.
5. Check refrigerant tubing for contact with other components.
Adjust if necessary.
6. Reinstall top panel using screws set aside in Step 1.
NOTE: Location for some screws at bottom of discharge
panel may have to be changed.
7.
8.
Return air
Drain
Back discharge
Discharge air
Fig. 4 - Conversion right return, side discharge to
back discharge
Water
connection end
Return air
Supply
duct
Side discharge
Water
connection end
Return air
Drain
Back discharge
Discharge air
Manually spin fan wheel to check for obstructions. Adjust
for any obstruction found.
Replace access panel.
Back to side discharge conversion
Follow instructions above for side to back discharge conversion,
noting the panels would be reversed.
7
3.4 - Mounting the unit
3.6 - Condensate drain
Horizontal units should be mounted using the factory-installed
hangers. Proper attachment of hanging rods to building structure
is critical for safety (see Figs. 2 and 5). Rod attachments must
be able to support the weight of the unit. See Table 1 for unit
operating weights.
Slope the unit toward the drain at a 6.5 mm per 300 mm pitch
(see Fig. 6). If it is not possible to meet the required pitch, install a
condensate pump at the unit to pump condensate to building
drain.
3.5 - Duct system
Size the duct system to handle the design airflow quietly.
NOTE: Depending on the unit, the fan wheel may have a
shipping support installed at the factory. This must be removed
before operating unit.
3.5.1 - Sound attenuation
To eliminate the transfer of vibration to the duct system, a flexible
connector is recommended for both discharge and return air
duct connections on metal duct systems. The supply and return
plenums should include internal duct liner of fibreglass or be
made of duct board construction to maximise sound attenuation
of the blower. Installing the water-source heat pump unit to uninsulated ductwork in an unconditioned space is not recommended
since it will sweat and adversely affect the unit performance.
To reduce air noise, at least one 90° elbow could be included in
the supply and return air ducts, provided system performance is
not adversely impacted. The blower speed can also be changed
in the field to reduce air noise or excessive airflow, provided
system performance is not adversely impacted.
Horizontal units are not internally trapped; therefore an external
trap is necessary. Install each unit with its own individual trap
and means to flush or blowout the condensate drain line. Do not
install units with a common trap or vent. For typical condensate
connections see Fig. 7.
NOTE: Never use a pipe size smaller than the connection.
3.6.1 - Venting
Install a vent in the condensate line of any application that may
allow dirt or air to collect in the line. Consider the following:
•
Always install a vent where an application requires a long
horizontal run.
•
Always install a vent where large units are working against
higher external static pressure and to allow proper drainage
for multiple units connected to the same condensate main.
•
Be sure to support the line where anticipated sagging from
the condensate or when “double trapping” may occur.
•
If condensate pump is present on unit, be sure drain
connections have a check valve to prevent back flow of
condensate into other units.
Fig. 6 - Horizontal unit pitch
65 mm pitch
for drainage
3.5.2 - Existing duct system
If the unit is connected to existing ductwork, consider the
following:
•
Verify that the existing ducts have the proper capacity to
handle the unit airflow. If the ductwork is too small, install
larger ductwork.
•
Check existing ductwork for leaks and repair as necessary.
NOTE: Local codes may require ventilation air to enter the
space for proper indoor air quality. Hard-duct ventilation may
be required for the ventilating air supply. If hard ducted ventilation is not required, be sure that a proper air path is provided for ventilation air to unit to meet ventilation requirement
of the space.
Fig. 5 - Horizontal hanger bracket (factory-installed)
Pitch toward
drain
Drain connection
Fig. 7 - Trap condensate drain
To unit
Minimum pitch
25 mm per 3 m
of line
Open vent
D
See note
C A
Compressor
section
Air handler
section
E
Drain plug
B
Note: Trap should be deep enough to offset maximum unit static difference.
A 102 mm trap is recommended.
50RHE
Dimensions, mm
A
B
C
D
E
006-024
568
1095
619
1095
516
030, 036
568
1349
619
1349
518
042, 048
568
1577
619
1577
518
060
645
1806
695
1806
594
8
3.7 - Piping connections
Depending on the application, there are three types of watersource heat pump piping systems to choose from: water loop,
ground-water and ground-loop. Refer to piping section of
Carrier System Design Manual for additional information.
All water-source heat pump units use low temperature soldered
female pipe thread fittings for water connections to prevent
annealing and out-of-round leak problems which are typically
associated with high temperature brazed connections. Refer to
Table 1 for connection sizes. When making piping connections,
consider the following:
•
Use a backup wrench when making screw connections to
unit to prevent internal damage to piping.
•
Insulation may be required on piping to avoid condensation
in the case where fluid in loop piping operates at temperatures below dew point of adjacent air.
•
Piping systems that contain steel pipes or fittings may be
subject to galvanic corrosion. Dielectric fittings should be
used to isolate the steel parts of the system to avoid galvanic
corrosion.
3.7.1 - Water loop applications
Water loop applications usually include a number of units
plumbed to a common piping system. Maintenance to any of
these units can introduce air into the piping system. Therefore,
air elimination equipment comprises a major portion of the
mechanical room plumbing.
In addition to complying with any applicable codes, consider
the following for system piping:
•
Piping systems using water temperatures below 10°C
require 13 mm closed cell insulation on all piping surfaces
to eliminate condensation.
•
Avoid all plastic-to-metal threaded fittings due to the
potential to leak. Use a flange fitted substitute.
•
Teflon tape thread sealant is recommended to minimise
internal fouling of the heat exchanger.
•
Use backup wrench. Do not overtighten connections.
•
Route piping to avoid service access areas to unit.
•
Flush the piping system prior to operation to remove dirt
and foreign materials from the system.
3.7.2 - Ground-water applications
Typical ground-water piping is shown in Fig. 8. In addition to
complying with any applicable codes, consider the following
for system piping:
•
Install shut-off valves for servicing.
•
Install pressure-temperature plugs to measure flow and
temperature.
•
Connect boiler drains and other valves using a “T” connector
to allow acid flushing for the heat exchanger.
•
Do not overtighten connections.
•
Route piping to avoid service access areas to unit.
•
Use PVC SCH80 or copper piping material.
NOTE: PVC SCH40 should not be used due to system high
pressure and temperature extremes.
The flow rate is usually set between 0.040 and 0.054 l/s per kW
of cooling capacity. For proper maintenance and servicing,
pressure-temperature (P/T) ports are necessary for temperature
and flow verification.
Fig. 8 - Typical ground-water piping installation
Water
Water
control
Control
valve
Valve
Flow
Flow
regulator
Regulator
Pressure
Tank
Pressure tank
WaterOut
out
Water
Water
Water in
In
From pump
Pump
From
Boiler
Boiler
Drains
Drains
Shut-off valve
Shut-Off
Valve
Strainer - field-installed accessory
(16
to 20 –mesh
recommended
for
Strainer
Field-Installed
Accessory
filter
sediment)
(16 to
20 mesh recommended for
filter sediment)
PressurePressureTemperature
temperature
Plugs
plugs
9
Water supply and quantity
Check water supply. Water supply should be plentiful and of
good quality. See Table 2 for water quality guidelines.
IMPORTANT: Failure to comply with the above required
water quality and quantity limitations and the closed-system
application design requirements may cause damage to the
tube-in-tube heat exchanger that is not the responsibility of
the manufacturer.
In all applications, the quality of the water circulated through
the heat exchanger must fall within the ranges listed in the
water quality guidelines table. Consult a local water treatment
firm, independent testing facility or local water authority for
specific recommendations to maintain water quality within the
published limits.
3.7.3 - Ground-loop applications
Temperatures between -4 to 43°C and a liquid flow rate of
0.040 to 0.054 l/s per kW of cooling capacity is recommended.
In addition to complying with any applicable codes, consider
the following for system piping:
•
Limit piping materials to only polyethylene fusion in the
buried sections of the loop.
•
Do not use galvanized or steel fittings at any time due to
corrosion.
•
Avoid all plastic to metal threaded fittings due to the
potential to leak. Use a flange fitted substitute.
•
Do not overtighten connections.
•
Route piping to avoid service access areas to unit.
•
Use pressure-temperature (P/T) plugs to measure flow of
pressure drop.
3.8 - Electrical wiring
WARNING: To avoid possible injury or death due to electrical
shock, open the power supply disconnect switch and secure it
in an open position during installation.
CAUTION: Use only copper conductors for field-installed
electrical wiring. Unit terminals are not designed to accept
other types of conductors.
All field-installed wiring, including the electrical ground,
MUST comply with applicable local, national and regional
codes.
Refer to unit wiring diagrams Figs. 9-12 for a schematic of the
field connections, which must be made by the installing (or
electrical) contractor. Refer to electrical data for fuse sizes.
Consult the unit wiring diagram located on the inside of the
compressor access panel to ensure proper electrical hookup.
The installing (or electrical) contractor must make the field
connections when using field-supplied disconnect.
Operating voltage must be the same voltage and phase as shown
in electrical data shown in Table 3.
Make all final electrical connections with a length of flexible
conduit to minimise vibration and sound transmission to the
building.
Table 2 - Water quality guidelines
Condition
Acceptable level
pH
7 to 9 range for copper. Cupronickel may be used in the 5 to 9 range.
Total hardness
Calcium and magnesium carbonate should not exceed 350 ppm.
Iron oxides
Less than 1 ppm.
Iron bacteria
No level allowable.
Corrosion*
Brackish
*
**
Coaxial
metal
Cu
Ammonia,
ammonium hydroxide
ammonium chloride,
0.5 ppm
Cu
ammonium nitrate
ammonium sulphate
0.5 ppm
Cu
chlorine/chlorides
0.5 ppm
CuNi
hydrogen sulphide**
None Allowable
Use cupronickel heat exchanger when concentrations of calcium or sodium chloride are greater than 125 ppm are present. (Seawater is
approximately 25,000 ppm.)
If the concentration of these corrosives exceeds the maximum allowable level, then the potential for serious corrosion problems exists.
Sulphides in the water quickly oxidise when exposed to air, requiring that no agitation occur as the sample is taken. Unless tested immediately at the site, the sample
will require stabilisation with a few drops of one molar zinc acetate solution, allowing accurate sulphide determination up to 24 hours after sampling. A low pH and high
alkalinity cause system problems, even when both values are within ranges shown. The term pH refers to the acidity, basicity, or neutrality of the water supply. Below
7.0, the water is considered to be acidic. Above 7.0, water is considered to be basic. Neutral water contains a pH of 7.0.
Note: Hardness in mg/l is equivalent to ppm.
10
Max. allowable
level
0.5 ppm
Fig. 9 - Typical Aquazone Complete C control wiring (single-phase unit)
G/Y
PB
6
Power supply
Refer to data plate
Use copper
conductors only
N (Neutral)
Start assist
(when needed)
G/Y
5
RED*
4
YEL
3
Earth (GRD)
L
2
1
BLU*
RED CAP BLU S
RED
6 8
BLK
2 CR 4
C
RED R
Compressor
BLK
BLK
2 4
Capacitor
BR YEL
BRN
6 8
PSC
YEL OR WHT
FAN
MTR
See note 3
TRANS
YEL CB*
Component location
3 air flow settings
(factory setting = medium)
BLK
RED
220V
24V
BLU
L(3)
BLU
M(2)
H(1)
See note 8
G/Y
ORG
240V
CR
See note 7
CAP
1
BR
BR
C
CXM
PB
See note 5
Typical
T-stat
TRANS
Sizes 015-036
G
R
C
L
YEL
See note 7
CC
CCG
Test pins
Compressor
relay
R
JW3
FP1
Y
Cooling
W
Fan
24 V a.c.
O
Common
Alarm
R
Dip switch
JW2
FP2
Low temp.
C
Off
G
JWI
AL1
A
PI
1
2
3
4
5
Low temp.
G
AL2
HP
See
note 4
See
Alarm note 5
relay
CR
PB
BRN
BRN
Compr.
See note 6 for
dry alarm contact
CR
BRG
Y
Y
O
0
BR
GRY
PM
Stages
Not used
Not used
1 or 3
Tree
On
Status
LED
2
3
LOC
4
5
FP1
6
7
FP2
8
9
RV
10
RED
RED
BLU
BRN
GRY
GRY
VIO
Cap. tube VIO
units
VIO
BRN
ORG
HP
LOC
See note 4
FP1
TXV units
FP2
RVS
Not used
CO 12
P2
CXM
Microprocessor
control logic
YEL
CO
24V
DC
CAP
CO
BR
1
EH1
EH2
P3
CXM
TRANS
Sizes 006, 009, 012
Legend
AL
BR
CAP
CB
CC
CO
FP1
FP2
GND
HP
JW
LOC
P1
PB
Alarm relay contacts
Blower relay
Compressor capacitor
Circuit breaker
Compressor contactor
Sensor, condensate overflow
Sensor, water coil freeze protection
Sensor, air coil freeze protection
Ground
High pressure switch
Clippable field selection jumper
Loss of charge pressure switch
Field wiring terminal block
Power block
PM
PSC
RVS
TRANS
Performance Monitor
Permanent split capacitor
Reversing valve solenoid
Transformer optional wiring
Field line voltage wiring
Field low voltage wiring
Printed circuit trace
Optional wiring
Relay/contactor coil
Thermistor
Condensate pan
Circuit breaker
Relay contacts - NC
Solenoid coil
Relay contacts - NO
Switch temperature
Switch low pressure
Ground
Wire nut
* Optional wiring
Notes:
1. Compressor and blower motor thermally protected internally.
2. All wiring to the unit must comply with local codes.
3. Transformer is wired to 240 V (ORG) lead for 240-1-50 units, switch RED and
ORG leads to PB(1) and insulate ORG lead.
4. FP1 thermistor provides freeze protection for water. When using anti-freeze
solutions, cut JW3 jumper.
5. Typical heat pump thermostat wiring shown. Refer to thermostat installation
instructions for wiring to the unit.
6.
7.
8.
24-V alarm signal shown. For dry alarm contact, cut JW1 jumper, and dry
contact will be available between AL1 and AL2.
Transformer secondary ground via microprocessor board stand-offs and
screws to control box. (Ground available from top two stand-offs as shown.)
Fan motors factory-wired for medium speed. For high or low speed remove
BLU wire from fan motor speed tap ‘M’ and connect to ‘H’ for high or ‘L’ for low.
11
Fig. 10 - Typical Aquazone Complete C control wiring (three-phase unit)
PB
6
Power supply
Refer to data plate
Use copper
conductors only
Earth (GRD)
5
N (Neutral)
4
Lug
LUG
L2
2
L1
1
T3
T2
T1
CC
G/Y
Ground lug
BLK L3
3
L3
Component location
G/Y
G/Y
BLK
T3
BLK
CC
BLK L2
T2
BLK
T3
T1 Compr.
T2
BLK L1CC T1
BLK
BLK
BLK
YEL
See note 3
CB* TRANS
BR1
BR2
BLK
H
BLU
YEL OR
BM M
WHT
RED
L
BRN
BLK
RED
(220V)
PB
7
See note 2
ORG
(240V)
BR2
8
6
See note 7
1
CXM
TRANS
0
BR
CC
GRY
BRN
BR
BRG
BRN YEL
See note 7
CC
CCG
C
Test pins
Typical
T-stat
Compr.
Y
See
note 4
O
Fan
G
24 V a.c.
Common
C
Alarm
L
See note 6 for
dry alarm contact
Dip switch
JW3
FP1
W
1
2
3
4
5
Low temp.
JW2
FP2
O
G
Low temp.
R
On
ON
G
Status
LED
C
RED
3
LOC
4
BLU
5
6
GRY
FP1
FP2
7
8
RV 9
10
AL2
Alarm
relay
HP
RED
LOC
BRN
See note 4
GRY
VIO
Cap. tube VIO
(
units
VIO
FP1
TXV units
BRN
ORG
FP2
RVS
Not used
JW1
AL1
A
P1
PM
Stages
Not used
Not used
1 or 3
Tree
Off
OFF
1
2
HP
Y
Y
Cooling
R
Compressor
relay
R
See note 5
CXM
Microprocessor
control logic
See
note 5
CO 12
P2
YEL
CO
24V
DC
EH1
CO
Legend
AL
BR
CAP
CB
CC
CO
COMP
FP1
FP2
GND
HP
JW
LOC
P1
PB
Alarm relay contacts
Blower relay
Compressor capacitor
Circuit breaker
Compressor contactor
Sensor, condensate overflow
Compressor
Sensor, water coil freeze protection
Sensor, air coil freeze protection
Ground
High pressure switch
Clippable field selection jumper
Loss of charge pressure switch
Field wiring terminal block
Power block
PM
PSC
RVS
TRANS
Performance Monitor
Permanent split capacitor
Reversing valve solenoid
Transformer optional wiring
Field line voltage wiring
Field low voltage wiring
Printed circuit trace
Optional wiring
Relay/contactor coil
Thermistor
EH2
P3
Condensate pan
Circuit breaker
Relay contacts - NC
Solenoid coil
Relay contacts - NO
Switch temperature
Switch low pressure
Ground
Wire nut
Splice cap
* Optional wiring
Notes:
1. Compressor and blower motor thermally protected internally.
2. All wiring to the unit must comply with local codes.
3. Transformer is wired to 240 V (ORG) lead for 240-1-50 units, switch RED and
ORG leads to PB(3) and insulate ORG lead.
4. FP1 thermistor provides freeze protection for water. When using anti-freeze
solutions, cut JW3 jumper.
5. Typical heat pump thermostat wiring shown. Refer to thermostat installation
instructions for wiring to the unit.
12
6.
7.
8.
24-V alarm signal shown. For dry alarm contact, cut JW1 jumper, and dry
contact will be available between AL1 and AL2.
Transformer secondary ground via microprocessor board stand-offs and
screws to control box. (Ground available from top two stand-offs as shown.)
Fan motors factory-wired for medium speed. For high or low speed remove
BLU wire from fan motor speed tap ‘M’ and connect to ‘H’ for high or ‘L’ for low.
Fig. 11 - Typical Aquazone Deluxe D control wiring (single-phase unit)
See note 8
Power
distribution
block
G/Y
PB
6
Start assist
(when needed)
G/Y
5
Earth (GRD)
Power supply
Refer to data plate
Use copper
conductors only
RED*
4
3
RED 6 8
BLK 2 CR 4
2
N (Neutral) L
1
See note 3
CB TRANS
BR1
BR2
YEL
BLK
24V
RED
(220V)
BLU
ORG
(240V)
C
RED R
BLK
BLK
CR
BLU*
RED CAP BLU S
YEL
2
4
YEL BR1
6
8
Compressor
BLK
YEL
BR2
BLK
BLU NO COM
NC
RED
YEL OR WHT
BMC
BRN
BRN
BRN
Sizes 006, 009, 012
RED
RED
See note 7
Typical heat
pump T-stat
See note 5
Compr.
Cooling
O
G
R
C
XI
Fan
24 V a.c.
Common
Alarm
See note 6 for
dry alarm contact
Component location
CR
BR2
BR1
C
P1
Y1
Y2
W1
O/W2
G
R
C
AL1
P2
AL2
R
NSB
C
ESD
OVR
H
A
P3
R
NO1
NC1
COM
NO2
NC2
COM
R
Fan
speed
COM relay
DXM
Microprocessor
control logic
JW4
DRY
AL2
Status G
Test
Y
Fault R
RV relay
Test
pins
ACC1
Relay
Off
JW3
FP1 Low temp. See
JW2 Low temp. note 4
FP2
JW1
Off On
LP
On
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
ACC2
Relay
Sizes 015-060
Alarm relay contacts
Blower motor
Blower motor capacitor
Blower relay
Compressor capacitor
Circuit breaker
Sensor, condensate overflow
Sensor, water coil freeze protection
Sensor, air coil freeze protection
Ground
High pressure switch
High (leaving) water temperature switch
Clippable field selection jumper
Loss of charge pressure switch
Motorised valve
NO
See
note 5
Alarm
relay
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
PM: Disable/enable
Unit stage: 2/1
T-stat: heat cool/heat pump
RV on 8/RV on 0
Dehumid/normal
Not used
Boilerless: Enable/disable
Boilerless: 4.4°C/10°C
S1
Legend
AL
BM
BMC
BR
CAP
CB
CO
FP1
FP2
GND
HP
HWTS
JW
LOC
MV
0
Fan enable
relay
COM
NO
RC S S C
COM2 COM1
R
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
See note 7
Acc2
Functions
1
HP 2
3
LOC 4
FP1 5
6
FP2 7
8
9
RV 10
CO 12
P7
24V
DC
1
GRY
BR2
GRY
CC
H:Hi fan/dehumid
Not used
BLK* HWTS
BLK*
LOC
See note 4
GRY
TXV units
FP1
GRY
VIO Cap. tube VIO
FP2
units
VIO
BRN
ORG
CO
YEL
EH1
EH2
P6 CCG
Compr.
relay
HP
RED
RED
BLU
1
BRN
CR
BRN*
2
MV*
YEL
RED*
S2
Dip switch package
Dip switch package
P1
PB
PM
PSC
RVS
TRANS
Acc1
Functions
NC
BR1
Field wiring terminal block
Power block
Performance Monitor
Permanent split capacitor
Reversing valve solenoid
Transformer optional wiring
Field line voltage wiring
Field low voltage wiring
Printed circuit trace
Optional wiring
Relay/contactor coil
Thermistor
G
Condensate pan
LED
Solenoid coil
Relay contacts - NO
Temperature switch
Switch - loss of charge
Ground
Wire nut
* Optional wiring
Notes:
1. Compressor thermally protected internally.
2. All wiring to the unit must comply with local codes.
3. Transformer is wired to 240 V (ORG) lead for 240-1-50 units, switch RED and
ORG leads to PB(1) and insulate ORG lead for 220-1-50.
4. FP1 thermistor provides freeze protection for water. When using anti-freeze
solutions, cut JW3 jumper.
5. Check installation wiring information for specific thermostat hook-up. Refer to
thermostat installation instructions for wiring to the unit. Thermostat wiring must
be ‘Class 1’ and voltage rating equal to or greater than unit supply voltage.
6.
7.
8.
24-V alarm signal shown. For dry alarm contact, cut JW4 jumper, and dry
contact will be available between AL1 and AL2.
Transformer secondary ground via microprocessor board stand-offs and
screws to control box. (Ground available from top two stand-offs as shown.)
Blower motor is factory-wired for medium and high speeds. For any other
combination of speeds, at the motor attach black wire to the higher of the two
desired speed taps, and the blue wire to the lower of the two desired speed
taps.
13
Fig. 12 - Typical Aquazone Deluxe D control wiring (three-phase unit)
PB
6
Component location
Lug
LUG
CC
T3
T2
T1
Power supply
Refer to data plate
E
Use copper
conductors only
Earth (GRD)
5
N (Neutral)
4
L3
3
BR1
L2
2
L1
1
G/Y
G/Y
G/Y
Ground lug
BLK L3
T3
BLK
BLK L2CC T2
BLK
T3
T1 Compr.
T2
BLK L1CC T1
BLK
BLK
BLK
BLK
BR2
PB
YEL
BR1 YEL
6
YEL CB YEL
TRANS
BLK
BM M
L
BRN
RED
(220V)
24V
BLU
BMC
YEL OR
WHT
BR2
BLK
H
8
BLU
6
RED
7
8
See note 8
ORG
(240V)
BRN
BRN
RED
RED
See note 7
See note 7
0
Typical heat
pump T-stat
See note 5
Y
O
G
R
C
XI
C
RCS
S C
COM2 COM1
P1
Y1
Y2
W1
Cooling
O/W2
Fan
G
24 V a.c.
R
Common
C
Alarm
AL1
Compr.
See note 6 for
dry alarm contact
DXM
Microprocessor
control logic
See
note 6
Alarm
relay
P2
JW4
Dry
DRY
AL2
Status G
Test
Y
Fault R
RV relay
Test
pins
See
JW3
FP1 Low temp. note 4
JW2 Low temp.
FP2
JW1 N.O.
LP
Off On
ACC1
Relay
Off On
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
ACC2
Relay
PM: Disable/enable
Unit stage: 2/1
T-stat: heat cool/heat pump
RV on 8/RV on 0
Dehumid/normal
Not used
Boilerless: Enable/disable
Boilerless: 4.4°C/10°C
S1
Alarm relay contacts
Blower motor
Blower motor capacitor
Blower relay
Compressor capacitor
Circuit breaker
Sensor, condensate overflow
Sensor, water coil freeze protection
Sensor, air coil freeze protection
Ground
High pressure switch
High (leaving) water temperature switch
Clippable field selection jumper
Loss of charge pressure switch
Motorised valve
Field wiring terminal block
Power block
PM
PSC
RVS
TRANS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Acc1
Functions
Acc2
Functions
NO
NC
BR2
HWTS
HP BLK*
RED
BLK*
RED
BLU
LOC
BRN
See note 4
GRY
FP1
TXV units
GRY
TXV
VIO Cap. tube VIO
VIO units
VIO
FP2
BRN
GRY
1
HP
2
3
LOC
4
FP1 5
6
FP27
8
RV 9
10
ORG
CO
YEL
CO12
P7
24V
DC
EH1
EH2
P6
CCG
BRN
COMPR
Compr.
RELAY
relay
CC
A2
CC
A1
YEL
H:Hi fan/dehumid
Not used
S2
Dip switch package
Legend
AL
BM
BMC
BR
CAP
CB
CO
FP1
FP2
GND
HP
HWTS
JW
LOC
MV
P1
PB
GRY
NO
Fan
speed
COM relay
AL2
R
NSB
C
ESD
OVR
H
A
P3
R
NO1
NC1
COM
NO2
NC2
COM
R
1
COM
R
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
BR1
Fan enable
relay
Dip switch package
Performance Monitor
Permanent split capacitor
Reversing valve solenoid
Transformer optional wiring
Field line voltage wiring
Field low voltage wiring
Printed circuit trace
Optional wiring
Relay/contactor coil
Thermistor
Condensate pan
G
Circuit breaker
LED
Capacitor
Solenoid coil
Relay contacts - NO
Temperature switch
Switch - loss of charge
Ground
Wire nut
* Optional wiring
Notes:
1. Compressor thermally protected internally.
2. All wiring to the unit must comply with local codes.
3. Neutral of 380/415-3-50 is required. Transformer is wired to 240 V (ORG) lead
for 415-3-50. For 380-3-50 switch ORG and (RED) leads at PB(2) and insulate
ORG lead. Transformer uses separate circuit breaker.
4. FP1 thermistor provides freeze protection for water. When using anti-freeze
solutions, cut JW3 jumper.
5. Check installation wiring inforation for specific thermostat hook-up. Refer to
thermostat installation instructions for wiring to the unit. Thermostat wiring must
be ‘Class 1’ and voltage rating equal to or greater than unit supply voltage.
14
6.
7.
8.
9.
24-V alarm signal shown. For dry alarm contact, cut JW4 jumper, and dry
contact will be available between AL1 and AL2.
Transformer secondary ground via microprocessor board stand-offs and
screws to control box. (Ground available from top two stand-offs as shown.)
Blower motor is factory-wired for medium and high speeds. For any other
combination of speeds, at the motor attach black wire to the higher of the two
desired speed taps, and the blue wire to the lower of the two desired speed
taps.
Blower motor is factory-wired for high and low speeds. No other combination of
speeds is available.
Table 3 - Electrical data
50RHE
Power supply
V-ph-Hz
Voltage
min./max.
V
Compressor
RLA
LRA
Fan
motor
FLA
Total
unit
FLA
Min. circuit
current
A
Max.
fuse/HACR
A
006
220/240-1-50
197/254
2.3
15.0
0.4
2.7
3.2
15
009
220/240-1-50
197/254
2.7
18.8
0.7
3.7
4.5
15
012
220/240-1-50
197/254
3.9
22.2
0.7
4.5
5.6
15
015
220/240-1-50
197/254
4.2
27.0
0.9
5.9
7.1
15
019
220/240-1-50
197/254
6.8
45.0
0.9
8.6
10.5
15
024
220/240-1-50
197/254
8.2
51.0
1.6
10.4
12.6
20
030
220/240-1-50
380-415-3-50
197/254
342/462
9.1
3.3
54.0
25.0
1.7
1.0
11.2
4.3
13.6
5.2
20
15
036
220/240-1-50
380-415-3-50
197/254
342/462
11.5
4.2
83.0
32.0
2.7
1.7
17.2
5.9
20.8
6.0
35
15
042
380-415-3-50
342/462
5.5
34.5
1.7
6.0
7.1
15
048
380-415-3-50
342/462
5.9
42.0
1.8
7.5
8.9
15
060
380-415-3-50
342/462
8.2
61.8
2.5
9.9
11.8
15
Legend
FLA - Full load amperes
HACR - Heating, air conditioning and refrigeration
LRA - Locked rotor amperes
RLA - Rated load amperes
3.8.1 - Power connection
Make line voltage connection by connecting the incoming line
voltage wires to the L side of the CC terminal as shown in Fig. 13.
See Table 3 for correct wire and maximum overcurrent protection
sizing.
This amount of phase imbalance is satisfactory as it is below
the maximum allowable 2%.
3.8.2 - Supply voltage
Operating voltage to unit must be within voltage range indicated
on unit nameplate.
NOTE: If more than 2% voltage imbalance is present, contact
local electric utility.
On 3-phase units, voltages under load between phases must be
balanced within 2%. Use the following formula to determine
the percentage voltage imbalance:
Operation on improper line voltage or excessive phase imbalance
constitutes abuse and may cause damage to electrical components.
3.8.3 - 220-Volt operation
All 220-240-Volt units are factory wired for 208 Volts. The transformers may be switched to 220-Volt operation by switching
the red (220-Volt) wire with the orange (240-Volt) wire at the
TB1-1 terminal for single-phase and TB1-3 for 3-phase.
% voltage imbalance
= 100 x
max. voltage deviation from average voltage
average voltage
Capacitor
Example: Supply voltage is 460-3-60.
AB = 452 Volts
BC = 464 Volts
AC = 455 Volts
Average voltage =
Circuit breaker
Connector CC
452 + 464 + 455
3
1371
3
= 457
Fig. 13 - 50RHE typical single-phase line voltage
power connection
Unit power supply. See
electrical data table for
wire and breaker size.
=
Motor
Aquazone
‘C’ control
Determine maximum deviation from average voltage:
(AB) 457 - 452 = 5 V
(BC) 464 - 457 = 7 V
(AC) 457 - 455 = 2 V
Maximum deviation is 7 V.
Transformer
Low voltage
connector
Determine percent voltage imbalance.
% voltage imbalance = 100 x
7
457
= 1.53%
15
Fig. 14 - 50RHE blower speed selection
3.8.4 - PSC (permanent split capacitor) blower speed
selection
All water-source heat pumps are factory-set to deliver rated air
flow at nominal static (37 Pa) on medium speed. Where higher
static is needed, high speed can be utilised (100 to 125 Pa). Low
speed will deliver approximately 85% of rated air flow (25 Pa).
The PSC blower fan speed can be changed on all units by
swapping wires connected to the relay contacts that control the
fan (see Table 4 and Fig. 14).
Connect the blue wire to:
CONNECT THE BLUE WIRE TO:
H for high
speed
fanSPEED FAN
H FOR
HIGH
M for M
medium
speed fanSPEED FAN
FOR MEDIUM
L FOR
LOW
L for low
speed
fanSPEED FAN
Blue
BLU
Medium factory
setting
MEDIUM
FACTORY
SETTING
H
NOTE: Available air flow for all units is shown in Table 4.
M
L
Fan motor
FAN MOTOR
Table 4 - Fan performance
50RHE blower performance
50RHE
Nominal
air flow
l/s
Minimum
air flow
l/s
Fan
speed
Air flow, l/s
External static pressure, Pa
0
25
50
75
100
125
006
81
61
High
Medium
Low
133
110
98
123
99
90
112
87
75
89
68
60
78
-
-
009
113
85
High
Medium
Low
165
160
151
151
146
137
142
127
123
118
113
109
99
94
90
-
012
140
104
High
Medium
Low
170
165
146
165
151
137
151
142
127
137
127
118
123
118
104
109
-
015
212
160
High
Medium
Low
345
321
293
316
302
278
288
274
255
250
241
222
198
189
179
-
019
264
198
High
Medium
Low
326
302
293
311
288
269
283
260
245
250
227
217
203
189
179
-
024
307
231
High
Medium
Low
396
387
368
368
359
340
335
326
311
302
297
278
260
255
231
-
030
349
264
High
Medium
Low
529
510
458
496
477
439
463
448
406
425
415
378
378
368
340
330
326
297
036
437
326
High
Medium
Low
614
580
505
576
543
472
579
488
429
463
434
387
415
392
349
373
349
-
042
530
396
High
Medium
Low
743
637
498
691
593
463
629
539
421
566
485
-
501
429
-
435
-
048
630
472
High
Medium
Low
793
777
762
738
723
709
672
658
645
604
592
580
535
524
514
464
455
446
High static
048
630
472
High
Medium
Low
-
797
787
748
757
710
690
668
623
612
552
529
516
060
790
595
High
Medium
Low
896
818
748
866
803
731
833
779
709
796
747
683
755
707
653
710
658
618
Legend
Shaded areas are below minimum air flow. This data is provided for troubleshooting information only.
Notes:
1. Units factory-shipped on medium speed. Other speeds require field selection.
2. For dual voltage units, air flow is rated at lowest voltage.
3. Performance data shown is based on wet coil and clean air filter.
16
3.9 - Low voltage wiring (see Fig. 15)
Fig. 15 - Low voltage field wiring
3.9.1 - Thermostat connections
The thermostat should be wired directly to the Aquazone control
board (see Figs. 9-12).
Capacitor
Circuit breaker
Ground
3.9.2 - Water freeze protection
The Aquazone control allows the field selection of source fluid
freeze protection points through jumpers. The factory setting of
jumper JW3 (FP1) is set for water at -1.1°C. In earth loop applications, jumper JW3 should be clipped to change the setting to
-10.6°C when using anti-freeze in colder earth loop applications
(see Fig. 16).
Contactor CC
Transformer
Aquazone
‘C’ control
3.9.3 - Air coil freeze protection
The air coil freeze protection jumper JW2 (FP2) is factory-set
for -1.1°C and should not need adjusting.
3.9.4 - Accessory connections
Terminal A on the control is provided to control accessory devices
such as water valves, electronic air cleaners, humidifiers, etc.
This signal operates with the compressor terminal (see Fig. 17).
Refer to the specific unit wiring schematic for details.
See note.
Low voltage
connector
Note: Low voltage connector may be removed for easy installation.
Fig. 16 - Typical Aquazone control board jumper
locations
NOTE: The A terminal should only be used with 24-Volt
signals - not line voltage signals.
BR
BRG
CCG
CC
C
Clip JW2-FPZ
jumper for antifreeze systems
Comp
Comp.
Relay
relay
Off On
Test
3.9.5 - Water solenoid valves
Water solenoid valves may be used on primary/secondary pump
and ground water installations. A typical well water control valve
wiring approach, which can limit waste water in a lockout condition, is shown in Fig. 17. A slow-closing valve may be required
to prevent water hammer. When using a slow-closing valve,
consider special wiring conditions. The valve takes approximately
60 seconds to open (very little water will flow before 45 seconds)
and it activates the compressor only after the valve is completely
opened by closing its end switch. When wired as shown, the
valve will have the following operating characteristics:
1. Remain open during a lockout
2. Draw approximately 25 to 35 VA through the “Y” signal
of the thermostat.
IMPORTANT: Connecting a water solenoid valve can overheat
the anticipators of electromechanical thermostats. Only use
relay based electronic thermostats.
Clip JW3
for freeze
protect
P2
HP
HP
LP
LP
FP1
FP1
FP2
FP2
RV
RV
CO
12 CO
1
R
JW3
JW2
FP1 Low Temp
FP2 Low Temp
Y
Y
W
O
G
R
C
AL1
AL2
A
P1
Clip for dry
contact
Micro
Micro
Status
LED
JW1-AL2 DRY
P3
1 24Vdc
4
Alarm
Alarm
Relay
relay
EH1
EH2
CO
Aquazone control (C control shown)
Fig. 17 - Typical D control accessory wiring
Terminal
Terminal
stripStrip
P2 P2
C
24
a.c.
24 VVAC
Typical
Water
Typical water valve
Valve
A
17
4 - PRE-START-UP
5 - FIELD SELECTABLE INPUTS
4.1 - System checkout
Jumpers and DIP (dual in-line package) switches on the control
board are used to customise unit operation and can be configured
in the field.
When the installation is complete, follow the system checkout
procedure outlined below before starting up the system. Be sure:
1. Voltage is within the utilisation range specifications of the
unit compressor and fan motor and voltage is balanced for
3-phase units.
2. Fuses, breakers and wire are correct size.
3. Low voltage wiring is complete.
4. Piping and system flushing is complete.
5. Air is purged from closed loop system.
6. System is balanced as required. Monitor if necessary.
7. Isolation valves are open.
8. Water control valves or loop pumps are wired.
9. Condensate line is open and correctly pitched.
10. Transformer switched to lower voltage tap if necessary.
11. Blower rotates freely - shipping support is removed.
12. Blower speed is on correct setting.
13. Air filter is clean and in position.
14. Service/access panels are in place.
15. Return air temperature is between 4.4 to 26.7°C heating
and 10 to 43.3°C cooling.
16. Air coil is clean.
17. Control field selected settings are correct.
4.1.1 - Air coil
To obtain maximum performance, clean the air coil before
starting the unit. A 10% solution of dishwashing detergent and
water is recommended for both sides of the coil. Rinse thoroughly
with water.
IMPORTANT: Jumpers and DIP switches should only be
clipped when power to control board has been turned off.
5.1 - Complete C control jumper settings (see Figs. 9
and 10)
Water coil freeze protection (FP1) limit setting - Select jumper 3
(JW3-FP1 low temp.) to choose FP1 limit of -12.2°C or -1.1°C.
To select -1.1°C as the limit, DO NOT clip the jumper. To select
-12.2°C as the limit, clip the jumper.
Air coil freeze protection (FP2) limit setting - Select jumper 2
(JW2-FP2 low temp.) to choose FP2 limit of -12.2°C or -1.1°C.
To select -1.1°C as the limit, DO NOT clip the jumper. To select
-12.2°C as the limit, clip the jumper.
Alarm relay setting - Select jumper 1 (JW1-AL2 dry) for connecting alarm relay terminal (AL2) to 24 VAC (R) or to remain
as a dry contact (no connection). To connect AL2 to R, do not
clip the jumper. To set as dry contact, clip the jumper.
5.2 - Complete C control DIP switches
The Complete C control has 1 DIP switch block with five
switches (see Figs. 9 and 10).
Performance Monitor (PM) - DIP switch 1 will enable or disable
this feature. To enable the PM, set the switch to ON. To disable
the PM, set the switch to OFF.
Stage 2 - DIP switch 2 will enable or disable compressor delay.
Set DIP switch to OFF for stage 2 in which the compressor will
have a 3-second delay before energizing.
Switches 3 and 4 - Not used.
1 or 3 tries - DIP switch 5 provides selection of whether there
are 1 or 3 tries for FP1 and FP2. This only applies to FP1 and
FP2, and not to any other faults. Set DIP switch 5 to ON for 1
try or to OFF for 3 tries.
NOTE: The alarm relay will not cycle during Test mode if
switch is set to OFF, stage 2.
5.3 - Deluxe D control jumper settings (see Figs. 11
and 12)
Water coil freeze protection (FP1) limit setting - Select jumper 3
(JW3-FP1 low temp.) to choose FP1 limit of -12.2°C or -1.1°C.
To select -1.1°C as the limit, DO NOT clip the jumper. To select
-12.2°C as the limit, clip the jumper.
Air coil freeze protection (FP2) limit setting - Select jumper 2
(JW2-FP2 low temp.) to choose FP2 limit of -12.2°C or -1.1°C.
To select -1.1°C as the limit, DO NOT clip the jumper. To select
-12.2°C as the limit, clip the jumper.
18
Alarm relay setting - Select jumper 4 (JW4-AL2 dry) for connecting alarm relay terminal (AL2) to 24 VAC (R) or to remain
as a dry contact (no connection). To connect AL2 to R, do not
clip the jumper. To set as dry contact, clip the jumper.
Low pressure setting - The Deluxe D control can be configured
for low pressure setting (LP). Select jumper 1 (JW1-LP norm.
open) for choosing between low pressure input normally
opened or closed. To configure for normally closed operation,
do not clip the jumper. To configure for normally open
operation, clip the jumper.
5.4 - Deluxe D control DIP switches
The Deluxe D control has 2 DIP switch blocks. Each DIP switch
block has 8 switches and is labelled either S1 or S2 on the
circuit board (see Figs. 11 and 12).
DIP switch block 1 (S1) - This set of switches offers the
following options for Deluxe D control configuration:
Performance Monitor (PM): Set switch 1 to enable or disable
performance monitor. To enable the PM, set the switch to ON.
To disable the PM, set the switch to OFF.
Compressor relay staging operation: Switch 2 will enable or
disable compressor relay staging operation. The compressor
relay can be set to turn on with stage 1 or stage 2 call from the
thermostat. This setting is used with dual stage units (units with
2 compressors and 2 Deluxe D controls) or in master/slave
applications. In master/slave applications, each compressor and
fan will stage according to its switch 2 setting. If switch is set to
stage 2, the compressor will have a 3-second delay before
energising during stage 2 demand.
NOTE: If DIP switch is set for stage 2, the alarm relay will
not cycle during Test mode.
Heating/cooling thermostat type: Switch 3 provides selection
of thermostat type. Heat pump or heat/cool thermostats can be
selected. Select OFF for heat/cool thermostats. When in heat/
cool mode, Y1 is used for cooling stage 1, Y2 is used for
cooling stage 2, W1 is used for heating stage 1 and O/W2 is
used for heating stage 2. Select ON for heat pump applications.
In heat pump mode, Y1 used is for compressor stage 1, Y2 is
used for compressor stage 2, W1 is used for heating stage 3 or
emergency heat, and O/W2 is used for RV (heating or cooling)
depending upon switch 4 setting.
O/B thermostat type: Switch 4 provides selection for heat pump
O/B thermostats. O is cooling output. B is heating output. Select
ON for heat pumps with O output. Select OFF for heat pumps
with B output.
Dehumidification fan mode: Switch 5 provides selection of
normal or dehumidification fan mode. Select OFF for dehumidification mode. The fan speed relay will remain OFF during cooling
stage 2. Select ON for normal mode. The fan speed relay will
turn on during cooling stage 2 in normal mode.
Switch 6: Not used.
Boilerless operation: Switch 7 provides selection of boilerless
operation and works in conjunction with switch 8. In boilerless
operation mode, only the compressor is used for heating when
FP1 is above the boilerless changeover temperature set by switch
8 below. Select ON for normal operation or select OFF for
boilerless operation.
Boilerless changeover temperature: Switch 8 on S1 provides
selection of boilerless changeover temperature set point. Select
OFF for set point of 10°C or select ON for set point of 4.4°C.
If switch 8 is set for 10°C, then the compressor will be used for
heating as long as the FP1 is above 10°C. The compressor will
not be used for heating when the FP1 is below 10°C and the
compressor will operates in emergency heat mode, staging on
EH1 and EH2 to provide heat. If a thermal switch is being used
instead of the FP1 thermistor, only the compressor will be used
for heating mode when the FP1 terminals are closed. If the FP1
terminals are open, the compressor is not used and the control
goes into emergency heat mode.
DIP switch block 2 (S2) - This set of DIP switches is used to
configure accessory relay options (see Figs. 11 and 12):
Switches 1 to 3: These DIP switches provide selection of accessory 1 relay options. See Table 5 for DIP switch combinations.
Switches 4 to 6: These DIP switches provide selection of accessory 2 relay options. See Table 6 for DIP switch combinations.
Table 5 - DIP switch block S2 - accessory 1 relay
options
Accessory 1
relay options
DIP switch position
1
2
3
Cycle with fan
On
On
On
Digital night setback
Off
On
On
Water valve - slow opening
On
Off
On
Outdoor air damper
On
On
Off
Note: All other DIP switch combinations are invalid.
Table 6 - DIP switch block S2 - accessory 2 relay
options
Accessory 2
relay options
DIP switch position
4
5
6
Cycle with fan
On
On
On
Digital night setback
Off
On
On
Water valve - slow opening
On
Off
On
Outdoor air damper
On
On
Off
Note: All other switch combinations are invalid.
Auto dehumidification mode or high fan mode: Switch 7 provides selection of auto dehumidification fan mode or high fan
mode. In auto dehumidification fan mode the fan speed relay will
remain off during cooling stage 2 if terminal H is active. In high
fan mode, the fan enable and fan speed relays will turn on when
terminal H is active. Set the switch to ON for auto dehumidification fan mode or to OFF for high fan mode.
Switch 8: Not used.
5.5 - Deluxe D control accessory relay configurations
The following accessory relay settings are applicable for both
Deluxe D controls only:
Cycle with fan - In this configuration, the relay will be ON any
time the fan enable relay is on.
19
Cycle with compressor - In this configuration, the relay will be
ON any time the compressor relay is on.
6 - START-UP
Use the procedure outlined below to initiate proper unit start-up.
Digital night setback (NSB) - In this configuration, the relay
will be ON if the NSB input is connected to ground C.
NOTE: If there are no relays configured for digital NSB, then
the NSB and OVR inputs are automatically configured for
mechanical operation.
Mechanical night setback - When NSB input is connected to
ground C, all thermostat inputs are ignored. A thermostat setback
heating call will then be connected to the OVR input. If OVR
input becomes active, then the Deluxe D control will enter night
low limit (NLL) staged heating mode. The NLL staged heating
mode will then provide heating during the NSB period.
5.6 - Water valve (slow opening)
If relay is configured for water valve (slow opening), the relay
will start 60 seconds prior to starting compressor relay.
5.7 - Outdoor air damper (OAD)
If relay is configured for OAD, the relay will normally be ON
any time the fan enable relay is energised. The relay will not
start for 30 minutes following a return to normal mode from
NSB, when NSB is no longer connected to ground C. After 30
minutes, the relay will start if the fan enable is set to ON.
CAUTION: To avoid equipment damage, DO NOT leave
system filled in a building without heat during the winter
unless anti-freeze is added to system water. Condenser coils
never fully drain by themselves and will freeze unless
winterised with anti-freeze.
NOTE: This equipment is designed for indoor installation
only.
6.1 - Operating limits
Environment - This equipment is designed for indoor installation
ONLY. Extreme variations in temperature, humidity and corrosive water or air will adversely affect the unit performance,
reliability and service life.
Power supply - A voltage variation of ± 10% of nameplate
utilisation voltage is acceptable.
Unit starting conditions - Depending on the model, units start
and operate in an ambient temperature of 7.2°C with entering
air temperature at 4.4°C or 10°C, entering water temperature at
-6.7°C or 10°C and with both air and water at the flow rates used.
NOTE: These operating limits are not normal or continuous
operating conditions. Assume that such a start-up is for the
purpose of bringing the building space up to occupancy
temperature. See Table 7 for operating limits.
WARNING: When the disconnect switch is closed, high
voltage is present in some areas of the electrical panel. Exercise
caution when working with the energised equipment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Restore power to system.
Turn thermostat fan position to ON. Blower should start.
Balance air flow at registers.
Adjust all valves to the full open position and turn on the
line power to all heat pump units.
Operate unit in the cooling cycle. Refer to Table 7 for unit
operating limits.
NOTE: Three factors determine the operating limits of a unit:
(1) entering air temperature, (2) water temperature and (3)
ambient temperature. Whenever any of these factors are at a
minimum or maximum level, the other two factors must be at
a normal level to ensure proper unit operation (see Table 7).
Table 7 - Operating limits - 50RHE units
Air limits
Cooling °C
Heating °C
Min. ambient air temperature
Rated ambient air temperature
Max. ambient air temperature
Min. entering air temperature
Rated entering air temperature db/wb
Max. entering air temperature db/wb
7.2
26.7
37.8
10
27/19
43.3/28.3
7.2
21.1
29.4
4.4
20/15
27
Water limits
Cooling °C
Heating °C
Min. entering water temperature
Normal entering water temperature
-1.1
10 to 32
-6.7
-1.1 to 15.6
Legend
db - dry bulb
wb - wet bulb
Note: Value in heating column is dry bulb only. Any wet bulb reading is acceptable.
20
6.2 - Scroll compressor rotation
6.4 - Unit start-up heating mode
It is important to be certain compressor is rotating in the proper
direction. To determine whether or not compressor is rotating in
the proper direction:
1. Connect service gauges to suction and discharge pressure
fittings.
2. Energise the compressor.
3. The suction pressure should drop and the discharge pressure
should rise, as is normal on any start-up.
NOTE: Operate the unit in heating cycle after checking the
cooling cycle. Allow five minutes between tests for the
pressure or reversing valve to equalise.
1.
2.
3.
If the suction pressure does not drop and the discharge pressure
does not rise to normal levels:
1. Turn off power to the unit. Install disconnect tag.
2. Reverse any two of the unit power leads.
3. Reapply power to the unit and verify pressures are correct.
4.
5.
The suction and discharge pressure levels should now move to
their normal start-up levels.
6.
When the compressor is rotating in the wrong direction, the
unit makes more noise and does not provide cooling.
7.
After a few minutes of reverse operation, the scroll compressor
internal overload protection will open, thus activating the unit
lockout. This requires a manual reset. To reset, turn the thermostat on and then off.
NOTE: There is a 5-minute time delay before the compressor
will start.
6.3 - Unit start-up cooling mode
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Adjust the unit thermostat to the warmest position. Slowly
reduce the thermostat position until the compressor activates.
Check for cool air delivery at unit grille a few minutes
after the unit has begun to operate.
Verify that the compressor is on and that the water flow
rate is correct by measuring pressure drop through the heat
exchanger using P/T plugs (see Table 8). Check the elevation and cleanliness of the condensate lines; any dripping
could be a sign of a blocked line. Be sure the condensate
trap includes a water seal.
Check the temperature of both supply and discharge water.
Compare with Table 9. If temperature is within range,
proceed. If temperature is outside the range, check the
cooling refrigerant pressures in Table 9.
Check air temperature drop across the coil when compressor
is operating. Air temperature drop should be between 8.3
and 13.9 K.
Turn thermostat to lowest setting and set thermostat switch
to HEAT position.
Slowly turn the thermostat to a higher temperature until
the compressor activates.
Check for warm air delivery at the unit grille within a few
minutes after the unit has begun to operate.
Check the temperature of both supply and discharge water.
Compare with Table 9. If temperature is within range,
proceed. If temperature is outside the range, check the
heating refrigerant pressures in Table 9.
Once the unit has begun to run, check for warm air delivery
at the unit grille.
Check air temperature rise across the coil when compressor
is operating. Air temperature rise should be between 11.1
and 16.7 K after 15 minutes at load.
Check for vibration, noise and water leaks.
6.5 - Flow regulation
Flow regulation can be accomplished by two methods. Most
water control valves have a flow adjustment built into the valve.
By measuring the pressure drop through the unit heat exchanger,
the flow rate can be determined (see Table 10). Adjust the water
control valve until the flow of 0.027 to 0.054 l/s per kW cooling is
achieved. Since the pressure constantly varies, two pressure
gauges may be needed in some applications.
An alternative method is to install a flow control device. These
devices are typically an orifice of plastic material designed to
allow a specified flow rate that are mounted on the outlet of the
water control valve. Occasionally these valves produce a velocity
noise that can be reduced by applying some back pressure. To
accomplish this, slightly close the leaving isolation valve of the
well water set-up.
WARNING: To avoid possible injury or death due to electrical
shock, open the power supply disconnect switch and secure it
in an open position before flushing system.
Table 8 - Water temperature change through heat
exchanger
Water flow rate l/s
Cooling rise K
Min.
Max.
Heating drop K
Min.
Max.
For closed loop: ground
source or cooling/boiler
systems at 0.054 l/s per kW
5
6.7
2.2
4.4
For open loop: ground
water systems 0.027 l/s per kW
11.1
14.4
5.6
9.4
21
Table 9 - Typical unit operating pressures and temperatures
Entering Water
water
flow
temp.
l/s per kW
°C
Cooling
Suction
pressure
kPa
Discharge
pressure
kPa
Super- Subheat
cooling
K
K
Heating
Water temp. Air temp. Suction
rise
drop
pressure
K
K
kPa
Discharge
pressure
kPa
Super- Subheat
cooling
K
K
Water temp. Air temp.
drop
rise
K
K
-1
0.027
0.041
0.054
225-254
222-251
219-248
269-314
239-284
209-254
14-22
14-22
14-22
7-11
6-10
6- 9
12-13
7- 9
3- 6
12-14
12-14
12-14
102-117
111-129
120-138
499-556
514-571
529-586
7- 9
7- 9
7- 9
1-2
1-2
1-2
4-5
3-4
2-3
8-11
9-12
9-12
10
0.027
0.041
0.054
225-254
222-251
219-248
374-463
359-425
344-413
7-11
7-11
7-11
6-10
5- 9
4- 8
11-13
7- 8
4- 7
11-14
11-14
11-14
150-179
158-185
164-194
538-628
553-643
568-658
6- 9
6- 9
6- 9
1-3
1-3
1-3
6-7
4-5
3-4
13-16
13-17
14-17
21
0.027
0.041
0.054
225-254
222-251
219-248
535-592
502-556
472-523
5- 9
5- 9
5- 9
4- 8
4- 7
4- 7
11-12
7- 9
4- 7
11-13
11-13
11-13
212-245
218-254
227-263
613-688
628-712
643-724
8-11
8-11
8-11
1-3
1-3
1-3
8-9
5-6
3-4
16-19
17-21
17-21
32
0.027
0.041
0.054
225-254
222-251
219-248
685-750
652-721
622-688
5- 9
5- 9
5- 9
4- 8
4- 7
4- 7
10-12
6- 8
3- 6
9-13
9-13
9-13
254-284
269-299
284-314
658-777
673-792
688-807
10-16
10-16
10-16
1-3
1-3
1-3
8-9
6-7
4-5
18-22
18-23
19-23
43
0.027
0.041
0.054
231-260
228-257
225-254
837-957
807-927
777-897
4- 8
4- 8
4- 8
6-14
6-13
6-12
9-11
5- 7
3- 6
8-11
8-11
8-11
Notes:
1. Based on nominal 54 l/s per kW air flow and 21°C entering air temperature heating and 26.7/19.4°C entering air temperature cooling.
2. Cooling air and water numbers can vary greatly with changes in humidity.
3. Subcooling is based upon the head pressure at compressor service port.
Table 10 - 50RHE tube-in-tube water pressure drop
50RHE
3.
Flow
l/s
Pressure drop, kPa
0°C
10°C
20°C
30°C
006
0.047
0.071
0.095
6.0
8.4
14.1
5.4
7.8
13.2
5.1
7.2
12.0
4.8
6.9
11.7
5.
009
0.071
0.107
0.139
8.1
12.0
23.9
7.5
11.1
22.4
6.9
10.5
20.9
6.6
9.9
20.0
6.
012
0.095
0.145
0.189
19.1
41.3
66.1
17.9
38.9
61.9
16.7
36.2
57.7
16.1
34.7
55.0
015
0.114
0.164
0.221
16.7
32.6
55.9
15.5
30.5
52.3
14.7
28.7
48.7
14.1
27.2
46.3
019
0.142
0.215
0.284
12.9
23.0
45.4
12.0
21.5
42.5
11.1
20.3
39.8
10.8
19.1
37.7
024
0.189
0.284
0.379
13.8
28.7
47.8
12.6
26.9
44.9
11.7
25.1
41.9
11.4
23.9
39.8
030
0.237
0.347
0.473
9.9
17.0
26.9
9.0
15.8
25.4
8.4
14.7
23.6
8.1
14.1
22.4
036
0.284
0.426
0.568
7.8
15.0
23.9
7.2
13.8
22.4
6.9
12.9
20.9
6.6
12.3
20.0
042
0.331
0.498
0.663
9.9
19.7
31.1
9.3
18.5
29.3
8.7
17.0
27.5
8.4
16.4
26.0
048
0.379
0.568
0.757
14.1
26.9
44.0
13.2
25.4
41.0
12.3
23.6
38.3
11.7
22.4
36.5
060
0.473
0.713
0.947
33.5
58.3
88.5
31.4
54.4
82.8
29.3
50.8
77.1
27.8
48.4
73.3
6.6 - Flushing
Once the piping is complete, units require final purging and loop
charging. A flush cart pump of at least 1.12 kW is needed to
achieve adequate flow velocity in the loop to purge air and dirt
particles from the loop. Flush the loop in both directions with a
high volume of water at a high velocity. Follow the steps below
to flush the loop properly:
1. Verify power is off.
2. Fill loop with water from hose through flush cart before
using flush cart pump to ensure an even fill. Do not allow
the water level in the flush cart tank to drop below the pump
inlet line to prevent air from filling the line.
22
4.
7.
Maintain a fluid level in the tank above the return tee to
avoid air entering back into the fluid.
Shutting off the return valve that connects into the flush
cart reservoir will allow 345 kPa surges to help purge air
pockets. This maintains the pump at 345 kPa.
To purge, keep the pump at 345 kPa until maximum
pumping pressure is reached.
Open the return valve to send a pressure surge through the
loop to purge any air pockets in the piping system.
A noticeable drop in fluid level will be seen in the flush
cart tank. This is the only indication of air in the loop.
NOTE: If air is purged from the system while using a 254 mm
PVC flush tank, the level drop will only be 25 to 51 mm since
liquids are incompressible. If the level drops more than this,
flushing should continue since air is still being compressed in
the loop. If level is less than 25 to 51 mm, reverse the flow.
8.
9.
Repeat this procedure until all air is purged.
Restore power.
Anti-freeze may be added before, during or after the flushing
process. However, depending on when it is added in the process, it
can be wasted. Refer to the anti-freeze section for more detail.
Loop static pressure will fluctuate with the seasons. Pressures will
be higher in the winter months than during the warmer months.
This fluctuation is normal and should be considered when
charging the system initially. Run the unit in either heating or
cooling for several minutes to condition the loop to a homogenous
temperature.
When complete, perform a final flush and pressurise the loop to
a static pressure of 275 to 345 kPa for winter months or 105 to
135 kPa for summer months.
After pressurisation, be sure to remove the plug from the end of
the loop pump motor(s) to allow trapped air to be discharged
and to ensure the motor housing has been flooded. Be sure the
loop flow centre provides adequate flow through the unit by
checking pressure drop across the heat exchanger. Compare the
results to the data in Table 10.
6.7 - Anti-freeze
6.8 - Cooling tower/boiler systems
In areas where entering loop temperatures drop below 4.4°C or
where piping will be routed through areas subject to freezing,
anti-freeze is needed.
These systems typically use a common loop temperature
maintained at 15.6 to 32.2°C. Carrier recommends using a
closed circuit evaporative cooling tower with a secondary heat
exchanger between the tower and the water loop. If an open
type cooling tower is used continuously, chemical treatment
and filtering will be necessary. The optional cupronickel heat
exchanger must also be used in this case.
Alcohols and glycols are commonly used as anti-freeze agents.
Freeze protection should be maintained to 8.3 K below the lowest
expected entering loop temperature. For example, if the lowest
expected entering loop temperature is -1.1°C, the leaving loop
temperature would be -5.6 to -3.9°C. Therefore, the freeze
protection should be at -9.4°C (-1.1°C -8.3°C = -9.4°C).
IMPORTANT: All alcohols should be pre-mixed and pumped
from a reservoir outside of the building or introduced under
water level to prevent fuming.
Calculate the total volume of fluid in the piping system (see
Table 11). Use the percentage by volume in Table 12 to determine
the amount of anti-freeze to use. Anti-freeze concentration should
be checked from a well mixed sample using a hydrometer to
measure specific gravity.
6.9 - Ground coupled, closed loop and plateframe
heat exchanger well systems
These systems allow water temperatures from -1.1 to 43.3°C.
The external loop field is divided up into 51 mm polyethylene
supply and return lines. Each line has valves connected in such
a way that upon system start-up, each line can be isolated for
flushing using only the system pumps. Locate air separation in
the piping system prior to the fluid re-entering the loop field.
6.7.1 - Freeze protection selection
The -1.1°C FP1 factory setting (water) should be used to avoid
freeze damage to the unit.
Once anti-freeze is selected, the JW3 jumper (FP1) should be
clipped on the control to select the low temperature (anti-freeze
13 F) set point to avoid nuisance faults.
Table 11 - Approximate fluid volume (l) per 30 m of
pipe
Pipe
Diameter, in
Volume, l
Copper
1
1.25
1.5
15.5
24.2
34.8
Rubber hose
1
14.7
Polyethylene
3/4 IPS SDR11
1 IPS SDR11
1-1/4 IPS SDR11
1/2 IPS SDR11
2 IPS SDR11
1-1/4 IPS SCH40
1-1/2 IPS SCH40
2 IPS SCH40
10.6
17.0
30.0
41.2
68.1
31.4
41.2
64.3
Legend
IPS - Internal pipe size
SCH - Schedule
SDR - Standard dimensional ratio
Note: Volume of heat exchanger is approximately 3.78 litres.
Table 12 - Anti-freeze percentages by volume
Anti-freeze
Minimum temperature for freeze protection, °C
-12
-9
-7
-4
Methanol (%)
25
21
16
10
100% USP food grade
Propylene glycol (%)
38
30
22
15
23
7 - OPERATION
7.1 - Power up mode
The unit will not operate until all the inputs, terminals and
safety controls are checked for normal operation.
NOTE: The compressor will have a 5-minute anti-short cycle
upon power up.
7.2 - Units with Aquazone Complete C control
7.2.1 - Standby
Y and W terminals are not active in standby mode, however the
O and G terminals may be active, depending on the application.
The compressor will be off.
7.2.2 - Cooling
Y and O terminals are active in cooling mode. After power up, the
first call to the compressor will initiate a 5 to 80 second random
start delay and a 5-minute anti-short cycle protection time delay.
After both delays are complete, the compressor is energised.
NOTE: On all subsequent compressor calls the random start
delay is omitted.
7.2.3 - Heating stage 1
Terminal Y is active in heating stage 1. After power up, the first
call to the compressor will initiate a 5 to 80 second random start
delay and a 5-minute anti-short cycle protection time delay.
After both delays are complete, the compressor is energised.
NOTE: On all subsequent compressor calls the random start
delay is omitted.
7.2.4 - Heating stage 2
To enter stage 2 mode, terminal W is active (Y is already active).
Also, the G terminal must be active or the W terminal is disregarded. The compressor relay will remain on and EH1 is
immediately turned on. EH2 will turn on after 10 minutes of
continual stage 2 demand.
NOTE: EH2 will not turn on (or if on, will turn off) if FP1 temperature is greater than 7.2°C and FP2 is greater than 43.3°C.
7.2.5 - Emergency heat
In emergency heat mode, terminal W is active while terminal Y is
not. Terminal G must be active or the W terminal is disregarded.
EH1 is immediately turned on. EH2 will turn on after 5 minutes
of continual emergency heat demand.
7.3 - Units with Aquazone Deluxe D control
7.3.1 - Standby/fan only
The compressor will be off. The fan enable, fan speed and reversing
valve (RV) relays will be on if inputs are present. If there is a fan 1
demand, the fan enable will immediately turn on. If there is a fan 2
demand, the fan enable and fan speed will immediately turn on.
NOTE: DIP switch 5 on S1 does not have an effect upon fan 1
and fan 2 outputs.
7.3.2 - Heating stage 1
In heating stage 1 mode, the fan enable and compressor relays
are turned on immediately. Once the demand is removed, the
24
relays are turned off and the control reverts to standby mode. If
there is a master/slave or dual compressor application, all compressor relays and related functions will operate per their associated DIP switch 2 setting on S1.
7.3.3 - Heating stage 2
In heating stage 2 mode, the fan enable and compressor relays are
remain on. The fan speed relay is turned on immediately and
turned off immediately once the demand is removed. The control
reverts to heating stage 1 mode. If there is a master/slave or dual
compressor application, all compressor relays and related functions will operate per their associated DIP switch 2 setting on S1.
7.3.4 - Heating stage 3
In heating stage 3 mode, the fan enable, fan speed and compressor
relays remain on. The EH1 output is turned on immediately. With
continuing heat stage 3 demand, EH2 will turn on after 10 minutes.
EH1 and EH2 are turned off immediately when the heating stage 3
demand is removed. The control reverts to heating stage 2 mode.
Output EH2 will be off if FP1 is greater than 7.2°C and FP2
(when shorted) is greater than 43.3°C during heating stage 3
mode. This condition will have a 30-second recognition time.
Also, during heating stage 3 mode, EH1, EH2, fan enable and
fan speed will be ON if G input is not active.
7.3.5 - Emergency heat
In emergency heat mode, the fan enable and fan speed relays
are turned on. The EH1 output is turned on immediately. With
continuing emergency heat demand, EH2 will turn on after 5
minutes. Fan enable and fan speed relays are turned off after a
60-second delay. The control reverts to standby mode.
Output EH1, EH2, fan enable and fan speed will be ON if the G
input is not active during emergency heat mode.
7.3.6 - Cooling stage 1
In cooling stage 1 mode, the fan enable, compressor and RV relays
are turned on immediately. If configured as stage 2 (DIP switch
set to OFF) then the compressor and fan will not turn on until there
is a stage 2 demand. The fan enable and compressor relays are
turned off immediately when the cooling stage 1 demand is removed. The control reverts to standby mode. The RV relay remains
on until there is a heating demand. If there is a master/slave or
dual compressor application, all compressor relays and related
functions will track with their associated DIP switch 2 on S1.
7.3.7 - Cooling stage 2
In cooling stage 2 mode, the fan enable, compressor and RV relays
remain on. The fan speed relay is turned on immediately and
turned off immediately once the cooling stage 2 demand is removed. The control reverts to cooling stage 1 mode. If there is a
master/slave or dual compressor application, all compressor
relays and related functions will track with their associated DIP
switch 2 on S1.
7.3.8 - Night low limit (NLL) staged heating
In NLL staged heating mode, the override (OVR) input becomes
active and is recognised as a call for heating and the control will
immediately go into a heating stage 1 mode. With an additional
30 minutes of NLL demand, the control will go into heating
stage 2 mode. With another additional 30 minutes of NLL demand,
the control will go into heating stage 3 mode.
8 - SYSTEM TEST
Table 14 - C control LED code and fault descriptions
System testing provides the ability to check the control operation.
The control enters a 20-minute test mode by momentarily shorting the test pins (see Figs. 9-12). All time delays are reduced
by a factor of 15.
LED code Fault
Description
1
No fault in memory
There has been no fault since the last
power-down to power-up sequence
2
High pressure switch
HP open instantly
3
Low pressure switch
LP open for 30 continuous seconds
before or during a call (bypassed for
first 60 seconds)
4
Freeze protection coax - FP1
FP1 below temp. limit for 30 continuous
seconds (bypassed for first 60 seconds
of operation)
5
Freeze protection air coil - FP2 FP2 below temp. limit for 30 continuous
seconds (bypassed for first 60 seconds
of operation)
6
Condensate overflow
8.1 - Test mode
To enter test mode on C or D controls, cycle the power 3 times
within 60 seconds. The LED (light-emitting diode) will flash a
code representing the last fault when entering the test mode.
The alarm relay will also power on and off during test mode
(see Tables 13 and 14). To exit test mode, short the terminals
for 3 seconds or cycle the power 3 times within 60 seconds.
NOTE: Deluxe D control has a flashing code and alarm relay
cycling code that will both have the same numerical label.
For example, flashing code 1 will have an alarm relay cycling
code 1. Code 1 indicates the control has not faulted since the
last power off to power on sequence.
Table 13 - C control current LED status and alarm
relay operations
LED status
Description of operation
Alarm relay
On
Normal mode
Normal mode with PM warning
Open
Cycle
(closed 5 sec., open 25 sec.)
Off
C control is non-functional
Open
Slow flash
Fault retry
Open
Fast flash
Lockout
Closed
Slow flash
Over/under voltage shutdown
Open
(closed after 15 minutes)
Flashing code 1
Test mode - No fault in memory
Cycling code 1
Flashing code 2
Test mode - HP fault in memory
Cycling code 2
Flashing code 3
Test mode - LP fault in memory
Cycling code 3
Flashing code 4
Test mode - FP1 fault in memory
Cycling code 4
Flashing code 5
Test mode - FP2 fault in memory
Cycling code 5
Flashing code 6
Test mode - CO fault in memory
Cycling code 6
Flashing code 7
Test mode - Over/under
shutdown in memory
Cycling code 7
Flashing code 8
Test mode - PM in memory
Cycling code 8
Flashing code 9
Test mode - FP1/FP2
swapped fault in memory
Cycling code 9
Legend
CO - Condensate overflow
FP - Freeze protection
HP - High pressure
LED - Light-emitting diode
LP - Low pressure
PM - Performance Monitor
Notes:
1. Slow flash is 1 flash every 2 seconds.
2. Fast flash is 2 flashes every 1 second.
3. EXAMPLE: “Flashing code 2” is represented by 2 fast flashes followed by a 10second pause. This sequence will repeat continually until the fault is cleared.
Sense overflow (grounded) for 30
continuous seconds
7
Over/under voltage
(Autoreset) shutdown
“R” power supply is <19 V a.c. or
>30 V a.c.
8
PM warning
Performance Monitor warning has
occurred
9
FP1 and FP2 thermistors
are swapped
FP1 temperature is higher than FP2 in
heating/test mode, or FP2 temperature
is higher than FP1 in cooling/test mode.
Legend
FP - Freeze protection
HP - High pressure
LED - Light-emitting diode
LP - Low pressure
PM - Performance Monitor
8.2 - Retry mode
In retry mode, the status LED will start to flash slowly to signal
that the control is trying to recover from an input fault. The
control will stage off the outputs and try to again satisfy the
thermostat used to terminal Y. Once the thermostat input calls
are satisfied, the control will continue normal operation.
NOTE: If 3 consecutive faults occur without satisfying the
thermostat input call to terminal Y, the control will go into
lockout mode. The last fault causing the lockout is stored in
memory and can be viewed by entering test mode.
8.3 - Aquazone Deluxe D control LED indicators
There are 3 LED indicators on the D control:
Status LED - Status LED indicates the current status or mode
of the D control. The status LED light is green.
Test LED - Test LED will be activated any time the D control is
in test mode. The test LED light is yellow.
Fault LED - Fault LED light is red. The fault LED will always
flash a code representing the last fault in memory. If there is no
fault in memory, the fault LED will flash code 1 on the control
and appear as 1 fast flash alternating with a 10-second pause
(see Table 15).
25
Table 15 - Aquazone D control current LED status and alarm relay operations
Description
Status LED
(Green)
Test LED
(Yellow)
Fault LED
(Red)
Alarm relay
Normal mode
On
Off
Flash last fault code in memory
Open
Normal mode with PM
...)
On
Off
Flashing code 8
Cycle (closed 5 sec, open 25 sec,
D control is non-functional
Off
Off
Off
Open
Test mode
-
On
Flash last fault code in memory
Cycling appropriate code
Night setback
Flashing code 2
-
Flash last fault code in memory
-
ESD
Flashing code 3
-
Flash last fault code in memory
-
Invalid T-stat inputs
Flashing code 4
-
Flash last fault code in memory
-
No fault in memory
On
Off
Flashing code 1
Open
HP fault
Slow flash
Off
Flashing code 2
Open
LP fault
Slow flash
Off
Flashing code 3
Open
FP1 fault
Slow flash
Off
Flashing code 4
Open
FP2 fault
Slow flash
Off
Flashing code 5
Open
CO fault
Slow flash
Off
Flashing code 6
Open
Over/under voltage
Slow flash
Off
Flashing code 7
Open (closed after 15 minutes)
HP lockout
Fast flash
Off
Flashing code 2
Closed
LP lockout
Fast flash
Off
Flashing code 3
Closed
FP1 lockout
Fast flash
Off
Flashing code 4
Closed
FP2 lockout
Fast flash
Off
Flashing code 5
Closed
CO lockout
Fast flash
Off
Flashing code 6
Closed
Legend
CO - Condensate overflow
ESD - Emergency shutdown
FP - Freeze protection
HP - High pressure
LP - Low pressure
PM - Performance Monitor
Notes:
1. If there is no fault in memory, the fault LED will flash code 1.
2. Codes will be displayed with a 10-second fault LED pause.
3. Slow flash is 1 flash every 2 seconds.
4. Fast flash is 2 flashes every 1 second.
5. EXAMPLE: “Flashing code 2” is represented by 2 fast flashes followed by a 10-second pause. This sequence will repeat continually until the fault is cleared.
9 - SERVICE
9.2 - Water coil
Perform the procedures outlined below periodically, as indicated.
Keep all air out of the water coil. Check open loop systems to
be sure the well head is not allowing air to infiltrate the water
line. Always keep lines airtight.
IMPORTANT: When a compressor is removed from this unit,
system refrigerant circuit oil will remain in the compressor.
To avoid leakage of compressor oil, the refrigerant lines of
the compressor must be sealed after it is removed.
IMPORTANT: All refrigerant discharged from this unit must
be recovered without exception. Technicians must follow
industry-accepted guidelines and all local, state and federal
statutes for the recovery and disposal of refrigerants.
IMPORTANT: To avoid the release of refrigerant into the
atmosphere, the refrigerant circuit of this unit must only be
serviced by technicians which meet local and national proficiency requirements.
IMPORTANT: To prevent injury or death due to electrical
shock or contact with moving parts, open unit disconnect
switch before servicing unit.
9.1 - Filters
Filters must be clean for maximum performance. Inspect filters
every month under normal operating conditions. Replace when
necessary.
IMPORTANT: Units should never be operated without a filter.
26
Inspect heat exchangers regularly, and clean more frequently if
the unit is located in a “dirty” environment. Keep the heat
exchanger full of water at all times. Open loop systems should
have an inverted P trap placed in the discharge line to keep water
in the heat exchanger during off cycles. Closed loop systems
must have a minimum of 105 kPa during the summer and 275 kPa
during the winter.
Check P trap frequently for proper operation.
CAUTION: To avoid fouled machinery and extensive unit
clean-up, DO NOT operate units without filters in place. DO
NOT use equipment as a temporary heat source during
construction.
9.3 - Condensate drain pans
Check condensate drain pans for algae growth twice a year. If
algae growth is apparent, consult a water treatment specialist
for proper chemical treatment. Applying an algaecide every
three months will typically eliminate algae problems in most
locations.
9.4 - Refrigerant system
Verify air and water flow rates are at proper levels before
servicing. To maintain sealed circuitry integrity, do not install
service gauges unless unit operation appears abnormal.
Check to see that unit is within the superheat and subcooling
temperature ranges shown in Table 16. If the unit is not within
these ranges, recover and reweigh in refrigerant charge.
Regulate flow to condenser with a supply line valve. If pump is
a non-overloading type, the valve may be fully-closed while
pump is running.
For average scale deposit, allow solution to remain in condenser
overnight. For heavy scale deposit, allow 24 hours. Drain condenser and flush with clean water. Follow acid manufacturer’s
instructions.
Fig. 18 - Gravity flow method
9.5 - Condensate drain cleaning
Fill FILL
condenser
with cleaning
CONDENSER
WITH
solution.
Do notSOLUTION.
add solution
CLEANING
DO
NOT
ADD
SOLUTION
more rapidly than vent can
MORE RAPIDLY THAN
exhaust
caused by
VENTgases
CAN EXHAUST
chemical
action.
GASES
CAUSED BY
Clean the drain line and unit drain pan at the start of each cooling
season. Check flow by pouring water into drain. Be sure trap is
filled to maintain an air seal.
Pail
PAIL
FUNNEL
Funnel
CHEMICAL ACTION.
25
1” mm
pipe
PIPE
9.6 - Air coil cleaning
VentVENT
pipe
PIPE
Remove dirt and debris from evaporator coil as required by
condition of the coil. Clean coil with a stiff brush, vacuum
cleaner, or compressed air. Use a fin comb of the correct tooth
spacing when straightening mashed or bent coil fins.
1.5
m approx.
5’ APPROX
0.9
to 1.2
3’ TO
4’ m
Condenser
CONDENSER
9.7 - Condenser cleaning
Water-cooled condensers may require cleaning of scale (water
deposits) due to improperly maintained closed-loop water
systems. Sludge build-up may need to be cleaned in an open
water tower system due to induced contaminants.
Pail
PAIL
Fig. 19 - Forced circulation method
Pump
Local water conditions may cause excessive fouling or pitting
of tubes. Condenser tubes should therefore be cleaned at least
once a year, or more often if the water is contaminated.
Pump
support
9.7.1 - Gravity flow method
Do not add solution faster than vent can exhaust the generated
gases.
When condenser is full, allow solution to remain overnight,
then drain condenser and flush with clean water. Follow acid
manufacturer’s instructions (see Fig. 18).
Condenser
Tank
Remove water
regulating valve
Fine mesh
screen
Return
9.8 - Checking system charge
Units are shipped with full operating charge. If recharging is
necessary:
1. Insert thermometer bulb in insulating rubber sleeve on
liquid line near filter drier. Use a digital thermometer for
all temperature measurements. DO NOT use a mercury or
dial-type thermometer.
2. Connect pressure gauge to discharge line near compressor.
3. After unit conditions have stabilised, read head pressure
on discharge line gauge.
NOTE: Operate unit a minimum of 15 minutes before checking
charge.
4.
9.7.2 - Forced circulation method
Fully open vent pipe when filling condenser. The vent may be
closed when condenser is full and pump is operating (see Fig. 19).
Supply
25 mm
pipe
CAUTION: Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses and
rubber gloves when using inhibited hydrochloric acid solution.
Observe and follow acid manufacturer’s instructions.
Warm solution acts faster, but cold solution is just as effective if
applied for a longer period.
Gas vent
Globe
valves
Suction
Proper water treatment can minimise tube fouling and pitting. If
such conditions are anticipated, water treatment analysis is
recommended. Refer to the Carrier System Design Manual,
Part 5, for general water conditioning information.
Clean condensers with an inhibited hydrochloric acid solution.
The acid can stain hands and clothing, damage concrete, and,
without inhibitor, damage steel. Cover surroundings to guard
against splashing. Vapours from vent pipe are not harmful, but
take care to prevent liquid from being carried over by the gases.
Priming
connection
5.
From standard field-supplied pressure-temperature chart
for R-407C, find equivalent bubble point temperature.
Read liquid line temperature on thermometer; then
subtract from bubble point temperature. The difference
equals subcooling temperature.
27
6.
Compare the subcooling temperature with the normal
temperature listed in Table 9. If the measured liquid line
temperature does not agree with the required liquid line
temperature, ADD refrigerant to raise the temperature or
REMOVE refrigerant (using standard practices) to lower
the temperature (allow a tolerance of ± 1.7 K).
10 - TROUBLESHOOTING
(Figs. 20 and 21 and Table 16)
When troubleshooting problems with a water-source heat pump,
consider the following.
10.1 - Thermistor
9.9 - Refrigerant charging
WARNING: To prevent personal injury, wear safety glasses
and gloves when handling refrigerant. Do not overcharge
system - this can cause compressor flooding.
A thermistor may be required for single-phase units where
starting the unit is a problem due to low voltage. (See Fig. 20
for thermistor nominal resistance.)
10.2 - Control sensors
NOTE: Do not vent or depressurise unit refrigerant to atmosphere. Remove and reclaim refrigerant following accepted
practices.
9.10 - Air coil fan motor removal
The control system employs 2 nominal 10,000 ohm thermistors
(FP1 and FP2) that are used for freeze protection. Be sure FP1
is located in the discharge fluid and FP2 is located in the air
discharge (see Fig. 21).
Fig. 20 - Thermistor nominal resistance
CAUTION: Before attempting to remove fan motors or motor
mounts, place a piece of plywood over evaporator coils to
prevent coil damage.
90.0
80.0
Disconnect motor power wires from motor terminals before
motor is removed from unit.
1. Shut off unit main power supply.
2. Loosen bolts on mounting bracket so that fan belt can be
removed.
3. Loosen and remove the 2 motor mounting bracket bolts on
left side of bracket.
4. Slide motor/bracket assembly to extreme right and lift out
through space between fan scroll and side frame. Rest
motor on a high platform such as a step ladder. Do not
allow motor to hang by its power wires.
Resistance
(kOhm)
Resistance
(kOhm)
70.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
0
0.0
-6.7
20.0
4.4
40.0
15.6
60.0
26.7 100.0
37.8
80.0
48.9
120.0
Temperature (degF)
Temperature (°C)
Fig. 21 - FP1 and FP2 thermistor location
Air flow
Air
coil
▲
▲
Air flow
Suction
Compressor
Thermistor
Expansion
valve
FP1
FP2
Condensate
overflow (CO)
▲▲
Legend
Air flow
Refrigerant liquid line flow
28
Air coil freeze
protection
Tube-in-tube
heat
exchanger
Liquid line
Water in
Water coil
protection
Water out
Discharge
60.0
140.0
Table 16 - Troubleshooting
Fault
Heating
Cooling
Possible cause
Main power problems
X
X
Green status LED Off
Solution
Check line voltage circuit breaker and disconnect.
Check for line voltage between L1 and L2 on the contactor.
Check for 24 V a.c. between R and C on controller.
Check primary/secondary voltage on transformer.
HP fault - code 2
X
Reduced or no water flow in cooling
High pressure
Check pump operation or valve operation/setting.
Check water flow adjust to proper flow rate.
X
X
Water temperature out of range in cooling
Reduced or no airflow in heating
Bring water temperature within design parameters.
Check for dirty air filter and clean or replace.
Check fan motor operation and airflow restrictions.
Dirty air coil - construction dust etc.
External static too high. Check Table 4.
X
Air temperature out of range in heating
Bring return air temperature within design parameters.
X
X
Overcharged with refrigerant
Check superheat/subcooling vs typical operating condition Table 9.
X
X
Bad HP switch
Check switch continuity and operation. Replace.
LP/LOC fault - code 3
X
X
Insufficient charge
Check for refrigerant leaks.
Low pressure/loss of charge
X
Compressor pump down at start-up
Check charge and start-up water flow.
FP1 fault - code 4
X
Reduced or no water flow in heating
Check pump operation or water valve operation/setting.
Water freeze protection
Plugged strainer or filter. Clean or replace.
Check water flow adjust to proper flow rate.
X
Inadequate anti-freeze level
Check anti-freeze density with hydrometer.
X
Improper freeze protect setting
(-1.1°C vs -12.2°C)
Clip JW2 jumper for anti-freeze (-12.2°C) use.
X
X
FP2 fault - code 5
Water temperature out of range
Bring water temperature within design parameters.
X
Bad thermistor
Check temperature and impedance correlation.
X
Reduced or no airflow in cooling
Check for dirty air filter and clean or replace.
Air coil freeze protection
Check fan motor operation and airflow restrictions.
External static too high. Check Table 4.
Condensate fault - code 6
X
Air temperature out of range
Too much cold vent air. Bring entering air temperature within design
parameters.
X
Improper freeze protect setting
(-1.1°C vs -12.2°C)
Normal airside applications will require -1.1°C only.
X
X
Bad thermistor
Check temperature and impedance correlation.
X
X
Blocked drain
Check for blockage and clean drain.
X
X
Improper trap
Check trap dimensions and location ahead of vent.
X
Poor drainage
Check for piping slope away from unit.
Check slope of unit toward outlet.
Poor venting. Check vent location.
Over/under voltage - code 7
X
X
Moisture on sensor
X
Under voltage
(Auto resetting)
Check for moisture shorting to air coil.
Check power supply and 24 V a.c. voltage before and during operation.
Check power supply wire size.
Check compressor starting.
Check 24 V a.c. and unit transformer tap for correct power supply voltage.
X
X
Over voltage
Check power supply voltage and 24 V a.c. before and during operation.
Check 24 V a.c. and unit transformer tap for correct power supply voltage.
Performance Monitor -
X
Heating mode FP2> 51.7°C
Check for poor airflow or overcharged unit.
Cooling mode FP1> 51.7°C
or FP2< 4.4°C
Check for poor water flow or airflow.
FP1 temperature is higher
than FP2 temperature.
Swap FP1 and FP2 thermistors.
X
FP2 temperature is higher
than FP1 temperature.
Swap FP1 and FP2 thermistors.
X
X
No compressor operation
See scroll compressor rotation section.
X
X
Compressor overload
Check and replace if necessary.
X
X
Control board
Reset power and check operation.
X
X
Dirty air filter
Check and clean air filter.
X
X
Unit in ‘Test Mode’
Reset power or wait 20 minutes for auto exit.
X
X
Unit selection
Unit may be oversized for space. Check sizing for actual load of space.
X
X
Compressor overload
Check and replace if necessary.
X
X
Thermostat position
Ensure thermostat set for heating or cooling operation.
X
X
Unit locked out
Check for lockout codes. Reset power.
X
X
Compressor overload
Check compressor overload. Replace if necessary.
X
X
Thermostat wiring
Check Y and W wiring at heat pump. Jumper Y and R for compressor
operation in test mode.
code 8
FP1 and FP2 thermistors code 9
No fault code shown
Unit short cycles
Only fan runs
X
X
Legend
RV - Reversing valve
29
Table 16 - Troubleshooting (cont’d)
Fault
Heating
Cooling
Possible cause
Only compressor runs
X
X
Thermostat wiring
Solution
Check G wiring at heat pump. Jumper G and R for fan operation.
X
X
Fan motor relay
Jumper G and R for fan operation. Check for line voltage across BR
contacts.
X
X
Fan motor
Check for line voltage at motor. Check capacitor.
X
X
Thermostat wiring
Check Y and W wiring at heat pump. Jumper Y and R for compressor
operation in Test mode.
X
Reversing valve
Check fan power enable relay operation (if present).
Unit does not operate
in cooling
Set for cooling demand and check 24 V a.c. on RV coil and at control.
If RV is stuck, run high pressure up by reducing water flow and while
operating, engage and disengage RV coil voltage to push valve.
Insufficient capacity/not
X
cooling or heating properly
X
X
Thermostat setup
Check for ‘O’ RV setup not ‘B’.
X
Thermostat wiring
Check O wiring at heat pump. Jumper O and R for RV coil ‘Click’.
X
Dirty filter
Replace or clean.
Reduced or no airflow in heating
Check for dirty air filter and clean or replace.
Check fan motor operation and airflow restrictions.
External static too high. Check blower Table 4.
X
Reduced or no airflow in cooling
Check for dirty air filter and clean or replace.
Check fan motor operation and airflow restrictions.
External static too high. Check blower Table 4.
High head pressure
X
X
Leaky ductwork
X
X
Low refrigerant charge
Check superheat and subcooling Table 9.
X
X
Restricted metering device
Check superheat and subcooling Table 9. Replace.
X
Defective reversing valve
Perform RV touch test.
X
X
Thermostat improperly located
Check location and for air drafts behind thermostat.
X
X
Unit undersized
Recheck loads and sizing check sensible cooling load and heat pump
capacity.
X
X
Scaling in water heat exchanger
Perform scaling check and clean if necessary.
X
X
Inlet water too hot or cold
Check load, loop sizing, loop backfill, ground moisture.
X
Reduced or no airflow in heating
Check supply and return air temperatures at the unit and at distant duct
registers if significantly different, duct leaks are present.
Check for dirty air filter and clean or replace.
Check fan motor operation and airflow restrictions.
External static too high. Check blower Table 4.
X
Reduced or no water flow in cooling
Check pump operation or valve operation/setting.
X
Inlet water too hot
Check load, loop sizing, loop backfill, ground moisture.
Check water flow; adjust to proper flow rate. See Table 8.
X
Low suction pressure
Air temperature out of range in heating
Bring return air temperature within design parameters.
X
Scaling in water heat exchanger
Perform scaling check and clean if necessary.
X
X
Unit overcharged
Check superheat and subcooling. Reweigh in charge.
X
X
Non-condensables in system
Vacuum system and reweigh in charge.
X
X
Restricted metering device
Check superheat and subcooling per Table 9. Replace.
Reduced water flow in heating
Check pump operation or water valve operation/setting.
X
Plugged strainer or filter. Clean or replace.
Check water flow adjust to proper flow rate.
X
Water temperature out of range
X
Reduced airflow in cooling
Bring water temperature within design parameters.
Check for dirty air filter and clean or replace.
Check fan motor operation and airflow restrictions.
External static too high. Check blower Table 4.
X
Low discharge air
X
temperature in heating
X
High humidity
Legend
RV - Reversing valve
30
X
Air temperature out of range
Too much cold vent air. Bring entering air temperature within design
parameters.
X
Insufficient charge
Check for refrigerant leaks.
Too high airflow
Check blower Table 4.
Poor performance
See ‘Insufficient Capacity’.
X
Too high airflow
Check blower Table 4.
X
Unit oversized
Recheck loads and sizing check sensible cooling load and heat pump
capacity.
Heating cycle analysis
Dew point
DEW
POINT
kPa
°C
Air
AIR
coil
COIL
Suction
SUCTION
°C
°C
COMPRESSOR
Compressor
Heat
COAX
exchanger
Expansion
EXPANSION
VALVE
valve
°C
Liquid line
LIQUID LINE
°C
DISCHARGE
Discharge
°C
kPa
Water in
kPa
Water out
Look
up pressure
drop in DROP
Table 10
LOOK
UP PRESSURE
IN TABLE 10
to TO
determine
flow rate
DETERMINE
FLOW RATE
Cooling cycle analysis
Dew point
DEW
POINT
kPa
°C
Air
AIR
COIL
coil
°C
Suction
SUCTION
°C
COMPRESSOR
Compressor
Heat
COAX
exchanger
Expansion
EXPANSION
VALVE
valve
DISCHARGE
Discharge
°C
Liquid line
LIQUID
LINE
°C
kPa
Water in
°C
kPa
Water out
Look
up pressure
drop inDROP
Table 10
LOOK
UP PRESSURE
IN TABLE 10
to TO
determine
flow rate
DETERMINE
FLOW RATE
Heat of extraction (absorption) or heat of rejection =
________ Flow rate (l/s) x ________ Temp. difference (K) x ________ Fluid factor* = ________
(kW)
Superheat
= Suction temperature - suction dew point temperature
= ________ (K)
Subcooling = Discharge bubble point temperature - liquid line temperature
= ________ (K)
* Use 4.16 for water, 4.03 for anti-freeze
31
11 - START-UP CHECKLIST - 50RHE R-407C UNIT
Customer: ___________________________________ Job name: __________________________________________________
Model No.: __________________________________ Serial No.: ____________________________________ Date: ________
I.
II.
Pre-start-up
Does the unit voltage correspond with the supply voltage available?
Have the power and control wiring connections been made and are terminals tight?
Have the water connections been made and is fluid available at the heat exchanger?
Has the pump been turned on and are the isolation valves open?
(Y/N) __________
(Y/N) __________
(Y/N) __________
(Y/N) __________
Has the condensate connection been made and is a trap installed?
Is an air filter installed?
(Y/N) __________
(Y/N) __________
Start-up
Is the fan operating when the compressor operates?
If a 3-phase scroll compressor is present, verify proper rotation per instructions.
(Y/N) __________
(Y/N) __________
Unit voltage - cooling operation
Phase AB Volts ________
Phase AB Amps ________
Phase BC Volts ________
(if 3-phase)
Phase BC Amps ________
(if 3-phase)
Phase CA Volts ________
(if 3-phase)
Phase CA Amps ________
(if 3-phase)
Control voltage
Is the control voltage above 21.6 Volts?
If not, check for proper transformer connection.
(Y/N) __________
Temperatures
Fill in the analysis chart attached.
Tube-in-tube heat exchanger
Air coil
Cooling cycle:
Fluid in
________ °C
Fluid out ________ °C
________ kPa
________ l/s
Heating cycle:
Fluid in
________ °C
Fluid out ________ °C
________ kPa
________ l/s
Cooling cycle:
Air in
________ °C
Air out
________ °C
Heating cycle:
Air in
________ °C
Air out
________ °C
Order No. 15764-20, 05.04; Supersedes order No. New
Manufacturer reserves the right to change any product specifications without notice.
Manufactured by: Carrier Corporation, Syracuse, USA.
Printed on Totally Chlorine Free Paper.
Printed in the Netherlands.