Vaisala TACMET MAWS201MP User`s guide

TACMET Weather Station
MAWS201MP
USER'S GUIDE
M210455EN-B
October 2003
PUBLISHED BY
Vaisala Oyj
P.O. Box 26
FIN-00421 Helsinki
Finland
Phone (int.): +358 9 8949 1
Fax:
+358 9 8949 2227
Visit our Internet pages at http://www.vaisala.com/
© Vaisala 2003
No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical (including photocopying), nor may its contents be
communicated to a third party without prior written permission of the copyright
holder.
The contents are subject to change without prior notice.
Please observe that this manual does not create any legally binding obligations for
Vaisala towards the customer or end user. All legally binding commitments and
agreements are included exclusively in the applicable supply contract or
Conditions of Sale.
________________________________________________________________________________
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION............................................................................ 7
About This Manual ................................................................... 7
Contents of This Manual ....................................................... 7
Feedback............................................................................... 8
Safety......................................................................................... 8
General Safety Considerations ............................................. 8
Product Related Safety Precautions ..................................... 9
ESD Protection.................................................................... 11
Trademarks ............................................................................. 11
License Agreement ................................................................ 12
Warranty.................................................................................. 12
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW................................................................................ 13
Introduction to TACMET MAWS ........................................... 13
MAWS Operating Software.................................................... 15
Radiation Shield ..................................................................... 15
AWS Logger QML102T........................................................... 16
Power Supply and Connection Unit QMP202MP ................ 17
Backup Battery.................................................................... 17
Battery Regulator QBR101 ................................................. 17
Power Supply Unit BWC15SXZ .......................................... 17
Power Supply Unit BWT36SXZ .......................................... 18
Power Strip QPS101 ........................................................... 18
Transmitter WT501 ............................................................. 19
Modem Module DMX501 .................................................... 19
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425............................................ 20
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor
QMH101M ............................................................................... 21
Pressure Sensor PMT16A ..................................................... 22
Rain Gauge QMR101M ........................................................... 23
Ceilometer CT25KAM............................................................. 23
Present Weather Detector PWD11A ..................................... 24
Lightning Detector SA20M .................................................... 25
Tiltable Pole Mast ................................................................... 26
Foundation Set.................................................................... 27
Guy Wires............................................................................ 28
Lightning Rod ...................................................................... 29
Winch .................................................................................. 29
Obstruction Light ................................................................. 30
Workstation with MIDAS IV Software ................................... 31
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 1
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Communication Accessory Enclosure QCA101..................32
Handheld Terminal QMD101M...............................................32
Radio Modem ..........................................................................33
VHF Antennas .....................................................................34
UHF Antennas .....................................................................35
Mains Power Supply Module QMP211 ...............................36
Product Nomenclature ...........................................................37
CHAPTER 3
OPERATION.................................................................................................39
Communication Connections................................................39
Handheld Terminal .................................................................40
Turning the Terminal On/Off................................................40
Keypad ................................................................................41
Shift Key .........................................................................41
Caps Lock Key ...............................................................41
Function Key F1 .............................................................41
Cursor Keys....................................................................42
Backspace Key...............................................................42
Enter Key........................................................................42
Ctrl Key...........................................................................42
On/Off Key......................................................................42
Sequence of the Screens ....................................................43
Accessing the Screens........................................................43
Main................................................................................44
Wind ...............................................................................45
Statistics .........................................................................45
Enh/1 ..............................................................................47
Enh/2 ..............................................................................49
Alarms ............................................................................50
Status .............................................................................52
Setup ..............................................................................53
Terminal Connection ...........................................................55
MIDAS IV Software .................................................................56
MIDAS IV TACMET Configuration Wizard ..........................56
System Parameters Tab.................................................58
Weather View Tab..........................................................59
Weather View ......................................................................59
Screen 1 .........................................................................60
Screen 2 .........................................................................62
Screen 3 .........................................................................64
Changing Graphic Scales ..............................................65
Menu Options .................................................................65
Toolbar ...........................................................................67
Status Bar.......................................................................67
METAR/SPECI Template ....................................................68
METAR/MET REPORT Manager...................................71
METAR/SPECI Editing Procedure .................................72
Checking and Editing Data Fields .............................72
Adding Remarks........................................................74
Building the Report....................................................74
Sending the Report ...................................................75
ASCII Log View ...................................................................75
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Event Monitor ...................................................................... 77
Menu Options................................................................. 78
Toolbar ........................................................................... 79
Display Modes................................................................ 80
Viewing Events............................................................... 81
Acknowledging Events................................................... 81
Checking New Events.................................................... 82
Event Messages............................................................. 83
Diagnostics Monitor............................................................. 84
Statuses Tab .................................................................. 85
ROA Object .................................................................... 86
Data Item Window.......................................................... 88
ROA User....................................................................... 90
SensorIO Monitor ................................................................ 91
Sensor Status Monitor Window...................................... 92
Event Log Window ......................................................... 95
CHAPTER 4
MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................... 97
Tilting the Mast ....................................................................... 97
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425.......................................... 102
Present Weather Detector PWD11A ................................... 102
Cleaning Transmitter and Receiver Lenses and Hoods ... 102
Cleaning DRD Rain Detector ............................................ 103
Storage.............................................................................. 103
Lightning Detector SA20M .................................................. 103
Obstruction Light ................................................................. 104
Antenna ................................................................................. 104
Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe QMH101M ..... 104
Replacing QMH101M Probe ............................................. 104
Rain Gauge QMR101M ......................................................... 105
Pressure Sensor PMT16A ................................................... 106
Calibration ......................................................................... 106
Ceilometer CT25KAM........................................................... 107
Window Cleaning .............................................................. 107
Storage.............................................................................. 108
Logger Enclosure QME101M .............................................. 108
Power Supply and Connection Unit QMP202MP .............. 108
Mains Power Supply QMP211 ............................................. 108
Communication Accessory Enclosure QCA101 ............... 109
Handheld Terminal QMD101M ............................................ 109
Cable Maintenance............................................................... 109
CHAPTER 5
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................... 111
Software Operation .............................................................. 111
CT25KAM .............................................................................. 112
Warnings ........................................................................... 112
Failure Diagnosis .............................................................. 112
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 3
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
PWD11A.................................................................................112
SA20M....................................................................................113
Handheld Terminal ...............................................................114
Technical Support ................................................................114
Return Instructions ..............................................................115
CHAPTER 6
TECHNICAL DATA ....................................................................................117
Polling/Reporting Times ......................................................117
Specifications .......................................................................118
Weather Station MAWS201MP .........................................118
Logger QML102T ..............................................................119
Power Supply and Connection Unit QMP202MP..............120
Digital Transmitter WT501.................................................123
Modem Module DMX501...................................................124
Handheld Terminal QMD101M..........................................125
Heated Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425 ...........................126
Pressure Sensor PMT16A.................................................127
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor
QMH101M ........................................................................127
Rain Gauge QMR101M.....................................................127
Ceilometer CT25KAM .......................................................128
Present Weather Detector PWD11A .................................129
Lightning Detector SA20M ................................................130
Obelux Obstruction Light...................................................130
Tiltable Pole Mast ..............................................................131
TM32 Radio Modem ..........................................................133
List of Figures
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14
Figure 15
Figure 16
Figure 17
Figure 18
Figure 19
Figure 20
Figure 21
Figure 22
TACMET MAWS System..........................................................14
Radiation Shield .......................................................................15
Logger QML102T .....................................................................16
Power Strip QPS101 ................................................................18
Transmitter WT501...................................................................19
Modem Module DMX501..........................................................19
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425 ...............................................20
Installation Adapter for Ultrasonic Wind Sensors .....................21
QMH101M with Radiation Shield..............................................21
Pressure Sensor PMT16A........................................................22
Rain Gauge QMR101M ............................................................23
Ceilometer CT25KAM...............................................................23
Present Weather Detector PWD11A ........................................24
Lightning Detector SA20M........................................................25
Tiltable Pole Mast DKP210AV-T ..............................................26
Foundation Set for DKP206AV.................................................27
Guy Wires Set...........................................................................28
Passive Lightning Rod and the Holders ...................................29
Winch........................................................................................29
Obstruction Light with the Power Cable ...................................30
MIDAS IV Workstation and QCA101........................................31
QMD101M Handheld Terminal.................................................32
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Figure 23
Figure 24
Figure 25
Figure 26
Figure 27
Figure 28
Figure 29
Figure 30
Figure 31
Figure 32
Figure 33
Figure 34
Figure 35
Figure 36
Figure 37
Figure 38
Figure 39
Figure 40
Figure 41
Figure 42
Figure 43
Figure 44
Figure 45
Figure 46
Figure 47
Figure 48
Figure 49
Figure 50
Figure 51
Figure 52
Figure 53
Figure 54
TM32 Radio Modem................................................................. 33
VHF Antenna on the Tripod ..................................................... 34
VHF Antenna on the Mast ........................................................ 34
UHF Antenna on the Tripod ..................................................... 35
UHF Antenna on the Mast........................................................ 35
Mains Power Supply Module QMP211 .................................... 36
Handheld Terminal ................................................................... 40
Time Zones .............................................................................. 55
Configuration Wizard................................................................ 57
Weather View Tab.................................................................... 59
Weather View Screen 1: Basic System Data ........................... 60
Weather View Screen 2: Enhancement Data .......................... 62
Weather View Screen 3: Graphic Display ................................ 64
Changing the Scales ................................................................ 65
US METAR Template............................................................... 68
METAR/MET REPORT Manager............................................. 72
ASCII Log View ........................................................................ 75
Event Monitor Screen............................................................... 77
Event Monitor Icon Showing Unacknowledged Events............ 80
Diagnostic Monitor Statuses Tab ............................................. 85
Objects Window in Diagnostic Monitor..................................... 86
Data Item Window for PWD11A............................................... 89
Users Window in Diagnostic Monitor ....................................... 90
Sensor Status Monitor Window................................................ 93
Sensor Details in Field Device Status Window ........................ 94
Event Log Window ................................................................... 95
MAWS201MP Mast Tilted ........................................................ 97
Mast Orientation ....................................................................... 99
Bolts and Washers for Securing the Hinge ............................ 100
Tilted Mast with Tilting Support .............................................. 101
Present Weather Detector (Arrow Pointing to DRD).............. 102
QMH101 Probe Maintenance................................................. 105
List of Tables
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
Table 10
Table 11
Table 12
Table 13
Table 14
Table 15
Table 16
Table 17
Table 18
TACMET MAWS201MP Nomenclature ................................... 37
Cables Provided ....................................................................... 38
Main Screen Information .......................................................... 44
Wind Screen Information.......................................................... 45
Statistics Screen Information ................................................... 46
Reset Times for Precipitation Statistics.................................... 46
First Enhancement Screen Information.................................... 47
SYNOP Codes Used by PWD11A
(Number Codes Not Seen on QMD101M) .............................. 48
Second Enhancement Screen Information .............................. 49
List of Possible Alarms ............................................................. 51
Status Screen Information........................................................ 52
Station Dependent Settings ..................................................... 54
Explanation of Configuration Wizard Buttons .......................... 58
Explanation of System Parameters tab.................................... 58
Parameters in Basic System Data Screen ............................... 61
Parameters in Enhancement Data Screens............................. 63
Present Weather Codes (Qualifiers) ........................................ 63
Present Weather Codes (Phenomena) .................................... 63
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 19
Table 20
Table 21
Table 22
Table 23
Table 24
Table 25
Table 26
Table 27
Table 28
Table 29
Table 30
Table 31
Table 32
Table 33
Table 34
Table 35
Table 36
Table 37
Table 38
Table 39
Table 40
Table 41
Table 42
Table 43
Table 44
Table 45
Table 46
Table 47
Table 48
Table 49
Table 50
Table 51
Table 52
Table 53
Table 54
Table 55
Table 56
Table 57
Table 58
Table 59
Table 60
Parameters in Graphic Display.................................................64
Thresholds That Initiate Automatic SPECI Report ...................69
Buttons in US METAR Template ..............................................69
US METAR: Report Menu ........................................................70
US METAR: Edit Menu.............................................................70
US METAR: View Menu ...........................................................70
US METAR: Settings Menu ......................................................70
US METAR: Help Menu............................................................71
US METAR: Toolbar Buttons....................................................71
Data Fields in METAR/SPECI Template ..................................73
History File Names and Content...............................................76
History File Column Indicators..................................................76
Event Messages .......................................................................83
Existence Column in Objects Window......................................87
Color of Object Status Icon Explained......................................88
Explanation of Connection Status Icon ....................................93
Explanation of Status Column ..................................................94
Some Common Problems and Their Remedies.....................111
Troubleshooting Ceilometer ...................................................112
Troubleshooting SA20M .........................................................113
Troubleshooting the Handheld Terminal ................................114
Sensor Polling/Reporting Times .............................................117
MAWS201MP Specifications..................................................118
QML102T Specifications ........................................................119
Battery Regulator QBR101 Specifications
(Inside QMP202MP) ..............................................................120
Power Supply Unit BWT36SXZ Specifications
(Inside QMP202MP) ..............................................................121
Power Supply Unit BWC15SXZ Specifications
(Inside QMP202MP) ..............................................................122
12 Ah Backup Battery Specifications .....................................122
WT501 Specifications.............................................................123
DMX501 Specifications ..........................................................124
QMD101M Specifications .......................................................125
WS425 Specifications.............................................................126
PMT16A Specifications ..........................................................127
QMH101M Specifications .......................................................127
QMR101M Specifications .......................................................127
CT25KAM Specifications........................................................128
PWD11A Present Weather Detector Specifications...............129
SA20M Specifications.............................................................130
Obelux Obstruction Light Specifications.................................130
DKP210AV-T Specifications...................................................131
DKP206AV-T Specifications...................................................132
TM32 Radio Modem Specifications........................................133
6 ___________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 1 ________________________________________________________ General Information
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
This chapter provides important safety, revision history, and warranty
information on the product.
About This Manual
This manual provides operation and maintenance information on
MAWS201MP Automatic Weather Station for Pole Mast installations
(also referred to as TACMET MAWS).
Contents of This Manual
This manual consists of the following chapters:
- Chapter 1, General Information, provides important safety, revision
history, and warranty information on the product.
- Chapter 2, Product Overview, introduces TACMET MAWS
features, advantages, and the product nomenclature.
- Chapter 3, Operation, contains information that is needed to
operate TACMET MAWS with the handheld terminal and MIDAS
IV software.
- Chapter 4, Maintenance, provides information that is needed in the
basic maintenance of the product.
- Chapter 5, Troubleshooting, consists of some common problems,
their probable causes, and remedies.
- Chapter 6 Technical Data, provides the technical data of the
TACMET Weather Station for Pole Mast Installations.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 7
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Feedback
Vaisala Customer Documentation Team welcomes your comments
and suggestions on the quality and usefulness of this publication. If
you find errors or have other suggestions for improvement, please
indicate the chapter, section, and page number. You can send
comments to us by e-mail: manuals@vaisala.com
Safety
General Safety Considerations
Throughout the manual, important safety considerations are
highlighted as follows:
WARNING
Warning alerts you to a serious hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions very carefully at this point, there is a risk of injury or
even death.
CAUTION
Caution warns you of a potential hazard. If you do not read and
follow instructions carefully at this point, the product could be
damaged or important data could be lost.
NOTE
Note highlights important information on using the product.
8 ___________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 1 ________________________________________________________ General Information
Product Related Safety Precautions
The following are general safety precautions that are not related to any
specific procedures and therefore do not appear elsewhere in this
publication. They are recommended precautions that personnel must
understand and apply during many phases of installations, operations
and maintenance.
WARNING
For safety reasons, do not install the mast alone.
WARNING
For safety reasons, do not install the mast when wind speed is over
7 m/s (14 knots).
WARNING
Always wear a safety helmet during mast installation.
WARNING
Be careful when erecting or tilting the mast. See that there are no
power lines or other obstacles above or behind the mast.
WARNING
Secure the mast properly with guy wires to prevent it from falling.
Tighten all the adjustment screws securely.
WARNING
Be sure that there are no persons under the mast during erecting or
tilting the mast.
WARNING
When erecting the mast with the winch, avoid touching the wire with
bare hands. Do not try to guide the wire.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 9
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
WARNING
To minimize shock hazard, the instrument chassis and cabinet must
be properly grounded. The power cable must either be plugged into
an approved electrical outlet or the instrument must be carefully
grounded to a low-resistance safety ground.
WARNING
Do not operate in an explosive atmosphere. Do not operate the
equipment in the presence of flammable gases or fumes. Operation of
any electrical instrument in such an environment constitutes a serious
safety hazard.
WARNING
Do not attempt to service the product or make any internal
adjustment unless another person, capable of rendering first aid and
resuscitation, is present.
WARNING
Do not service alone. Under no circumstances should any person
reach into parts and assemblies that are AC powered.
WARNING
Operating personnel must not remove instrument covers. Component
replacement or internal adjustments must be made by qualified
maintenance personnel. Do not replace components with the power
cable connected. Under certain conditions, dangerous voltages may
exist for some time even with the power cable disconnected. To
avoid injuries, disconnect power and discharge circuits before
touching them.
WARNING
Do not service a live system outdoors. Do not open the units
outdoors when the enclosure contains line voltage levels.
CAUTION
Do not install substitute parts or modify the unit. Improper
modification can damage the product or lead to malfunction. Contact
Vaisala for repairs to ensure that safety features are maintained.
10 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 1 ________________________________________________________ General Information
CAUTION
Be careful not to damage the sensors when tilting the mast.
NOTE
Send old batteries to secondary lead smelter for recycling. Place
neutralized slurry into sealed containers and handle in accordance to
local, state, and federal regulations. Large water-diluted spills, after
neutralization and testing, should be managed in accordance with
approved local, state, and federal requirements. Consult state
environmental agency and/or federal EPA (Environmental Protection
Agency).
ESD Protection
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can cause immediate or latent damage
to electronic circuits. Vaisala products are adequately protected
against ESD for their intended use. However, it is possible to damage
the product by delivering electrostatic discharges when touching,
removing, or inserting any objects inside the equipment housing.
To make sure you are not delivering high static voltages yourself:
- Handle ESD sensitive components on a properly grounded and
protected ESD workbench. When this is not possible, ground
yourself with a wrist strap and a resistive connection cord to the
equipment chassis before touching the boards. When neither of the
above is possible, touch a conductive part of the equipment chassis
with your other hand before touching the boards.
- Always hold the boards by the edges and avoid touching the
component contacts.
Trademarks
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and Windows 2000 are
registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States
and/or other countries.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 11
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
License Agreement
All rights to any software are held by Vaisala or third parties. The
customer is allowed to use the software only to the extent that is
provided by the applicable supply contract or Software License
Agreement.
Warranty
For certain products Vaisala normally gives a limited one-year
warranty. Please observe that any such warranty may not be valid in
case of damage due to normal wear and tear, exceptional operating
conditions, negligent handling or installation, or unauthorized
modifications. Please see the applicable supply contract or Conditions
of Sale for details of the warranty for each product.
12 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
This chapter introduces TACMET MAWS features, advantages, and
the product nomenclature.
Introduction to TACMET MAWS
TACMET MAWS is an automatic weather station designed for
permanent installation. TACMET MAWS accesses and processes data
from its sensors, performs data quality control, as well as formats data
for output in application specific formats. Figure 1 on page 14 shows
the components of the TACMET MAWS system.
The AWS logger QML102T is located in the tube and is encased to
protect the circuit board and the battery.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 13
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Figure 1
TACMET MAWS System
The following numbers refer to Figure 1 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Heated Ultrasonic Wind Sensor
Tiltable 6 m (20 ft) or 10 m (33 ft) mast
Lightning Detector
Power Supply and Connection Unit
Ceilometer
Obstruction Light
Present Weather Detector
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor
Rain Gauge
AWS Logger with Pressure Sensor
Handheld Terminal
MIDAS IV PC
Communication Accessory Enclosure
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Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
MAWS Operating Software
The embedded operating software runs in the AWS logger QML102T.
Access to the limited set of commands can be gained using the
Handheld Terminal QMD101M or using MIDAS IV PC.
Radiation Shield
0306-009
Figure 2
Radiation Shield
The radiation shield protects the QME101M logger tube, which is the
same as with the mobile TACMET system, and the Power Supply and
Connection Unit QMP202MP.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 15
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
AWS Logger QML102T
0306-010
Figure 3
Logger QML102T
QML102T is a complete AWS logger designed on just one printed
board. This board contains a 32 bit Motorola CPU for data processing
and 10 differential (20 single ended) analog sensor inputs, that can
also be used as digital inputs. Moreover, there are two frequency
sensor interfaces, a 16 bit A/D converter, 1.7 Mbytes of secure Flash
memory for data logging, and a charger for the internal backup
battery.
The board uses the latest SMD (Surface Mount Device) technology
and is conformal coated for improved protection also in high
humidity. Each sensor input has a varistor (VDR) protection against
induced transients. The maintenance terminal connection (RS-232,
COM0) has transzorb diodes in its inputs.
In MAWS201MP the QML102T logger is located inside the logger
tube QME101M and is further encased to protect the circuit board and
the internal battery. The cover of this protective housing can be
removed for installation of the battery and for maintaining MAWS.
Optional modules under the housing include, for example, various
communication modules and a built-in pressure transducer.
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Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Power Supply and Connection Unit QMP202MP
MAWS201MP (see Figure 2 on page 15) is a low-power system.
When AC (mains) power (230 or 115 VAC) is available on the
installation site, an AC (mains) power supply is used to charge the
battery. QMP202MP includes the following modules: the backup
battery, the battery regulator, AC (mains) power supply units, and the
communication device. The unit is easily mounted under the radiation
shield.
Backup Battery
QMP202MP houses a sealed and maintenance-free 12 Ah battery. The
battery is charged with QBR101 Battery Regulator that is connected to
the AC (mains) power supply.
Battery Regulator QBR101
Battery Regulator QBR101 is a charging and supervising instrument
for 12/24 Volts lead acid and nickel-cadmium batteries. QBR101
allows input from AC (mains) power.
The maximum charging current can be set by the internal jumper
settings either 0.5 A, 1.0 A, 2.0 A, or 2.5 A. QBR101 is applicable to
a battery capacity of 4 to 72 Ah. Self-consumption from the battery is
very low, less than 0.2 mA.
The LED lamps indicate battery regulator conditions. In order to
maximize autonomy time, the LED lamps are activated only while
pressing the ON button. QBR101 is a rail-mountable unit allowing for
easy maintenance.
Power Supply Unit BWC15SXZ
The AC (mains) power supply unit BWC15SXZ is a switching power
supply, which operates from the universal AC input of 85 to 264 VAC
and 47 to 440 Hz. The output voltage is 15 VDC, which is used for
powering the MAWS201MP system, and as an input to the battery
regulator QBR101 for charging the backup battery. BWC15SXZ is
installed inside QMP202MP on a standard DIN-rail enabling easy
maintenance of the unit.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 17
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Power Supply Unit BWT36SXZ
The AC (Mains) power supply unit BWT36SXZ is a switching power
supply, which operates from the universal AC input of 85 to 264 VAC
and 47 to 440 Hz. The output voltage is 36 VDC, which is used for
supplying heating power to Vaisala Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425.
BWT36SXZ is installed inside QMP202MP on a standard DIN-rail
enabling easy maintenance of the unit.
Power Strip QPS101
0306-011
Figure 4
Power Strip QPS101
Power Strip QPS101 is a safety switch, which is used in connecting
the QMP202MP to AC (mains) power outlet. QPS101 has two
buttons: the test button for the circuit breaker and the current switch.
The circuit breaker activates when the leakage is over 30 mA.
18 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Transmitter WT501
0306-012
Figure 5
Transmitter WT501
The WT501 composes the digital transmitter PCB with connectors
enclosed into an anodized aluminum profile with DIN-rail mounting.
The unit is installed as such in an equipment enclosure designed to
withstand the environmental conditions in question.
The data is provided via the onboard opto-isolated serial interface of
the transmitter unit. For long distance communication in
MAWS201MP, the transmitter is equipped with an isolated Modem
Module DMX501.
Modem Module DMX501
0306-013
Figure 6
Modem Module DMX501
The DMX501 module is used for providing a long distance fixed-line
connection between MAWS201MP and MIDAS IV PC, which has an
RS-232 serial connection to a similar module installed inside the
QCA101 unit.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 19
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Through this module, MAWS201MP sends reports and data or the
MIDAS IV PC sends new settings to the logger. The modem module
DMX501 is configured at the factory to use the communication
standard V.22, 1200 bps DPSK
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425
0306-018
Figure 7
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425 uses ultrasound to determine wind
speed and wind direction. The sensor has no moving parts and it is
resistant to corrosion and contamination The sensor has a built-in
heater. The elements have a built-in thermostat to switch the heaters
on when the transducer head needs it. The sensor needs 36 VDC to
power the heater elements. When connected to MAWS201MP, the
sensor uses the analog signal output providing wind speed and
direction data.
An adapter for the Ultrasonic Wind Sensor is included in the mast
delivery. It has a clamp for mast attachment and two holes for sensor
attachment. See Figure 8 on page 21.
20 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
0306-018
Figure 8
Installation Adapter for Ultrasonic Wind Sensors
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor
QMH101M
0105-015
Figure 9
QMH101M with Radiation Shield
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor QMH101 is based on
Vaisala's field-proven HMP45D probe and comes with a special cable
and connector. For humidity measurements, the HUMICAP® sensor
is highly accurate and offers excellent long-term stability in a wide
range of environments. Temperature measurements are taken by an
accurate Pt-100 IEC751, 1/3 Class B.
Replacement is simple; the probe head containing the electronics can
be quickly removed from the probe body, while a replacement is
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 21
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
installed and the measurement continues. Meanwhile the other probe
head can be calibrated.
The probe is installed in a naturally aspirated shield made of injection
molded UV stabilized plastic. The shield has a multiplate design
providing the necessary shielding from solar radiation and
precipitation.
Pressure Sensor PMT16A
9901-020
Figure 10
Pressure Sensor PMT16A
The silicon capacitive pressure sensor PMT16A has excellent
accuracy, repeatability, and long-term stability over a wide range of
operating temperatures. It maintains its accuracy and calibration for
long periods of time, thus reducing the need for field calibrations.
The fine adjustment and calibration of the sensor at the factory are
handled according to the electronic working standards, which are
based on international standards.
22 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Rain Gauge QMR101M
0306-019
Figure 11
Rain Gauge QMR101M
Rain Gauge QMR101M is an economical and accurate rain gauge
made of plastic, which is frostproof and highly resistant to UVradiation. QMR101M has a self-emptying tipping spoon of 0.2
millimeters capacity. QMR101M comes with a ready-made cable and
connector.
Ceilometer CT25KAM
0306-020
Figure 12
Ceilometer CT25KAM
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 23
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
CT25KAM employs pulsed diode laser LIDAR (Light Detection and
Ranging) technology for cloud detection, precipitation, and other
obstructions to vision, and accurate cloud heights and vertical
visibility determination.
The standard measurement range of CT25KAM extends up to 25 000
feet (7.5 km) covering most heights where dense clouds appear. The
instrument is capable of reporting up to three cloud layers
simultaneously. It detects the cloud base reliably in fog, rain, snow,
and haze. If the cloud base is obscured, CT25KAM measures and
reports vertical visibility.
Extensive internal monitoring is supported by a comprehensive set of
user commands that can be given locally or remotely. Internal
monitoring includes a sensor measuring the outgoing laser pulse
energy, circuitry checking the receiver sensitivity, a sensor monitoring
window contamination, and two sensors measuring the tilt angle.
These and other internal measurements are used by the diagnostics
software and the detection algorithm for maximum reliability and ease
of use.
A special additional tilt sensor is provided as standard for
automatically compensating uneven terrain. Installation is made easy
and fast when no exact leveling is required. The cloud coverage
algorithm in the CT25KAM is a further development of the algorithm
specified by FAA. Cloud coverage (amount) is reported in 0 to 8
octas, according to WMO regulations.
Present Weather Detector PWD11A
0306-021
Figure 13
Present Weather Detector PWD11A
Present Weather Detector PWD11A is an intelligent multivariable
sensor for automatic weather observing systems. The sensor combines
the functions of a forward scatter visibility meter and a present
24 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
weather sensor. In addition, PWD11A can measure the intensity and
amount of both liquid and solid precipitation.
The versatility of PWD11A is achieved with a unique operating
principle. PWD11A measures an estimate of the precipitation water
content with a capacitive device and combines this information with
optical scatter and temperature measurements. These three
independent measurements together sufficiently provide data for an
accurate evaluation of the prevailing visibility and weather type.
PWD11A is calibrated with reference to a highly accurate
transmissometer. An extensive self-diagnostic procedure continuously
monitors the sensor status. Dirt and foreign particles on the lens are
detected automatically, minimizing the risk of false high values. A
special calibration kit is provided as an option for conducting field
calibration under practically all weather conditions.
PWD11A is small and lightweight, thus being easy to install on the
sensor cross arm. In addition to the standard sensor operation, the
MAWS software adds extra features such as reporting of coded
weather type identifications as plain text in the output reports.
Lightning Detector SA20M
0306-022
Figure 14
Lightning Detector SA20M
Lightning Detector SA20M detects the position of lightning activity
and reports lightning and thunderstorm positions with respect to the
location of SA20M. A stand-alone thunderstorm sensor is selfcontained and weather-tight.
The SA20M sensor detects cloud-to-cloud, cloud-to-air and cloud-toground lightning activity to a range of 90 km (50 nmi.). The ability to
detect inter-cloud activity allows SA20M to report lightning during
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 25
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
the building stages of a thunderstorm, before sufficient charge buildup has occurred that would generate a ground strike. Consequently,
SA20M provides early warnings of potentially fatal single-event
ground strikes.
Tiltable Pole Mast
0310-043
Figure 15
Tiltable Pole Mast DKP210AV-T
DKP206AV-T and DKP210AV-T tiltable pole masts can be easily
operated by one person when installing and maintaining the devices
installed on the mast. Also special attention has been paid to easiness
and quickness of the mast installation. The height of DKP206AV-T is
6 m (20 ft) and DKP210AV-T is 10 m (33 ft).
26 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Foundation Set
The foundation set includes all the necessary installation accessories
both for a new and an existing concrete pad.
0303-021
Figure 16
Foundation Set for DKP206AV
The following numbers refer to Figure 16 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Nuts and washers for foundation bolts
Orientation plate for the mast base
The eye nuts for guy wires
Wedge bolts for existing concrete block
Plates with the nut for guy wire blocks
Square plate for the mast base
Foundation bolts
Bar for the wedge bolts
Key piece for the wedge bolts
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 27
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Guy Wires
The DKP206AV-T mast is delivered with one set of guy wires,
whereas DKP210AV-T is delivered with two sets. Figure 17 below
shows the contents of one set of guy wires and the accessories. The
top fastener of the guy wires is mounted to the uppermost tube of the
mast during installation.
Figure 17
Guy Wires Set
The following numbers refer to Figure 17 above.
1
2
3
4
5
=
=
=
=
=
Top fastener
Upper mast tube
Guy wires
Installation accessories
Cable shrouds
28 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Lightning Rod
The mast is delivered with a passive lightning rod made from copper.
The lightning rod holders are made of non-conductive material to
protect the mast devices from overvoltage when lightning occurs.
Refer to Figure 18 below. An active type of lightning rod is available
as an option for areas where heavy lightning activity occurs
frequently.
0303-022
Figure 18
Passive Lightning Rod and the Holders
Winch
The winch is easily installed to the pedestal tube. After erecting the
mast, the winch should be removed from the pedestal tube and stored
in a dry and warm place.
0310-056
Figure 19
Winch
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 29
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Obstruction Light
An obstruction light is included in the mast delivery. Obelux
Obstruction Light is a very low power obstruction light utilizing LED
technology with a typical intensity of 17 cd. The obstruction light is
supplied with 12 VDC nominal supply voltage. The stabilized output
of the light makes it possible that the variations of the supply voltage
do not affect to the light output.
0305-024
Figure 20
Obstruction Light with the Power Cable
Obelux Obstruction Light meets the specifications defined by ICAO.
The obstruction light is provided with a mounting set for mast
installation. The cabling and installation principles are similar to those
of conventional obstacle lights, the only exception being the correct
polarity required by the DC feed. Also, the power supply cable is
included in the delivery by default.
30 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Workstation with MIDAS IV Software
The workstation software MIDAS IV is installed onto a laptop PC.
The MIDAS IV software operates in the Microsoft® Windows 2000®
operating system, providing multi-tasking operation and connectivity.
The workstation displays numerical and graphical data, codes
METAR/SPECI aviation weather reports, as well as archives and
transmits data for further processing. The Windows 2000®
environment is user-friendly and provides great flexibility. MIDAS IV
uses the standard Windows® user interface and features, and is
therefore straightforward and easy to learn.
The workstation software facilitates editing METAR/SPECI reports
by easy-to-use templates. Aviation special weather reports (SPECI)
are generated automatically whenever selected criteria are met, or at
any time initiated by the operator. Report transmission can also be
fully automated, if necessary.
In addition, the software provides real-time graphical data display in
multiple windows. Stored data can be viewed in ASCII format. The
operator can monitor system performance and sensor alarms with
Event Monitor.
Data is archived for 30 days on hard disk and sent to other systems via
serial port or as an FTP transfer via LAN.
0306-025
Figure 21
MIDAS IV Workstation and QCA101
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 31
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Communication Accessory Enclosure QCA101
Communication Accessory Enclosure QCA101 houses Transmitter
WT501 equipped with Modem Module DMX501. Additionally, AC
(mains) power supply, lightning protection device, and surge arresters
are located in the enclosure. In Figure 21 on page 31 the QCA101
enclosure is shown beside the MIDAS IV PC.
The maximum communication range with Modem Module DMX501
is up to 20 km (12 mi.) with a 22 AWG standard cable.
Handheld Terminal QMD101M
9906-009
Figure 22
QMD101M Handheld Terminal
QMD101M is a lightweight, rugged and easy-to-read handheld
display device for viewing measured and calculated parameters and
systems alarms, as well as for setting station-specific parameters.
32 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Radio Modem
0310-065
Figure 23
TM32 Radio Modem
Radio modems provide wireless data communication between
MAWS201MP and MIDAS IV PC.
TM32 Radio modem features a watertight design for operation in
unprotected environments common in field applications. TM32
features a fully synthesized multi-channel radio that allows operation
on all frequencies in the supported VHF or UHF bands.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 33
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
VHF Antennas
The VHF antenna can be installed on the tripod (see Figure 24 below)
or on the pole mast (see Figure 25 below). The frequency range is
from 150 to 174 MHz.
0306-069
Figure 24
VHF Antenna on the Tripod
0306-016
Figure 25
VHF Antenna on the Mast
34 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
UHF Antennas
The UHF antenna can be installed on the tripod (see Figure 26 below)
or on the pole mast (see Figure 27 below). The frequency range is
from 410 to 470 MHz.
0310-066
Figure 26
UHF Antenna on the Tripod
0310-067
Figure 27
UHF Antenna on the Mast
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 35
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Mains Power Supply Module
QMP211
The AC (mains) power supply module QMP211 is a switching power
supply, which operates from the universal AC input of 100 to 240
VAC and 50/60 Hz. The output voltage is 12 VDC (2500 mA), which
is used for powering the radio modem when it is connected to the
MIDAS IV PC for configuring.
0306-026
Figure 28
Mains Power Supply Module QMP211
36 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Product Nomenclature
Table 1
TACMET MAWS201MP Nomenclature
Code
QML102T
PMT16A
QME101M
QMA102M
WS425
QMH101M
QMR101M
DKP206AV-T
DKP210AV-T
DKW200
QMD101M
TM32
QMX102SET-2
QMX101MSET-1
QMX101MSET-2
QMX101MSET-3
QMP211
QPS101
Laptop PC
MIDAS IV
CT25KAM
PWD11A
SA20M
OBL10-12
QMP202MP
QCA101
WT501+DMX501
Common Name
Logger
Pressure sensor
Logger tube
Sensor arm and radiation shield
Heated wind direction and speed sensor
Air temperature and relative humidity sensor
Rain gauge
Tiltable pole mast and accessories (6 m, 20 ft)
Tiltable pole mast and accessories (10 m, 30 ft)
Winch for mast
Handheld terminal
Radio modem
VHF Antenna Set (150 ... 174 MHz)
UHF Antenna Set (410 ... 430 MHz)
UHF Antenna Set (430 ... 450 MHz)
UHF Antenna Set (450 ... 470 MHz)
Mains power supply for radio modem
Outdoor power strip
MIDAS IV PC
NT software for the MIDAS IV PC
Ceilometer
Present weather detector
Lightning detector
Obstruction light
Power supply and connection unit
Communication accessory enclosure for PC end
Communication module
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 37
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 2
Cables Provided
Code
ZZ45202
ZZ212024
ZZ212915
ZZ45214
CT45300
CT45298
ZZ45215
ZZ45123
ZZ212026
ZZ212025
ZZ45114
212019
ZZ213068SPEC
ZZ212027
Common Name
PC/Handheld connection cable with DC connector,
5 m (15 ft)
WS425 Data/power cable for DKP206AV-T
WS425 Data/power cable for DKP210AV-T
AC cable, 5 m (15 ft)
AC supply cable for CT25KAM
DC/data cable for CT25KAM
SA20M connection cable
Data cable from QMP202MP to QME101M
Data cable from QME101M to QMP202MP
DC power cable between QMP202MP and
QME101M
Landline cable (3 pcs)
Grounding cable
Communication cable (length varies)
Cable from QCA101 to TacLap PC
38 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
CHAPTER 3
OPERATION
This chapter contains information that is needed to operate TACMET
MAWS with the handheld terminal and MIDAS IV software.
Communication Connections
There are four options for communication connections:
1.
Hardwire connection between TACMET MAWS and the
handheld terminal.
- Connect the handheld terminal cable to the Hand Terminal
connector (marked with a yellow arrow) on the upper base of
TACMET MAWS. See section Handheld Terminal on page
40 for information on using the handheld terminal.
2.
Hardwire connection between TACMET MAWS and the
MIDAS IV PC.
- Connect the landline cable to the PC Connector connector
(marked with a yellow arrow) on the lower base of TACMET
MAWS and to the MIDAS IV PC. See section MIDAS IV
Software on page 56 for information on using the MIDAS IV
software.
3.
Modem connection between TACMET MAWS and the MIDAS
IV PC.
- See Installation Manual
4.
RF connection between TACMET MAWS and the MIDAS IV
PC.
- See Installation Manual
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 39
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Handheld Terminal
This chapter contains information that is needed for using the
Handheld Terminal QMD101M.
The handheld terminal provides the following main functions:
- Paged screens for measurement and calculation results produced by
the TACMET MAWS logger.
- Alarm screen, that shows active alarms.
- Setup screen for setting environmental variables such as time and
altitude.
9906-009
Figure 29
Handheld Terminal
Turning the Terminal On/Off
The terminal is powered by TACMET MAWS. To turn on the
terminal, press and release the On/Off key. After a few seconds, the
terminal stays on the Status screen. After startup, there might be some
error messages. Ignore all of the error messages that come within the
first five minutes.
To turn off the terminal, press and hold the On/Off key for a second.
40 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Keypad
Shift Key
The alphabetic/numeric Shift mode key is used to shift the
QMD101M keypad between the alphabetic and numeric modes.
Pressing and releasing the Shift key before pressing any other key,
places the keypad in either numeric mode (the shift mode indicator
displays a) or alphabetic mode (the shift mode indicator displays
a or a). Use numeric mode for numbers and symbols (- and .),
and alphabetic mode for symbols and letters located in the upper half
of the keys.
For example, when the shift mode indicator displays a, press key 1
to write a letter C. To write a letter D, change the shift mode to a
and press key 1.
Caps Lock Key
Press the Caps lock key to place QMD101M in upper case mode (The
shift mode indicator is an upper case "A"). While in upper case mode,
pressing and releasing the Shift key will continue to place QMD101M
in and out of alphabetic and numeric modes (the shift mode indicator
will change between A, A and A). Press the Caps lock key
again to place QMD101M in lower case mode.
Function Key F1
NOTE
The terminal mode is for maintenance purposes only.
The function key F1 can be used to access terminal mode. The
terminal mode can only be accessed from the Setup screen. The
terminal mode is used to communicate with TACMET MAWS using
written commands.
Turn the power off and on again to exit the terminal mode.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 41
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Cursor Keys
The down and up cursor keys (
) are used to move through the
various menu screens. The left and right cursor keys ( ) are used
to move the cursor to the left and to the right.
Backspace Key
The Backspace key deletes the character to the left of the cursor and
moves the cursor one step to the left.
Enter Key
The Enter key is used to accept information (for example a
command) currently entered in an input field. In addition, it is used to
scroll through the fields on the setup screen.
Ctrl Key
The Ctrl key is used in conjunction with other keys to perform special
tasks (see section Status on page 52).
On/Off Key
To turn on QMD101M, press and release the On/Off key. To turn off
QMD101M, press and hold down the On/Off key for a second.
NOTE
At any time, the key sequence CTRL + ESC terminates the current
function or program and returns control of QMD101M to the FLOS
(handheld terminal's embedded software) main menu system. To
return to normal display, turn QMD101M off and on again.
42 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Sequence of the Screens
The display has eight different screens in the following order:
1.
Main
2.
Wind
3.
Stat
4.
Enh/1
5.
Enh/2
6.
Alarms
7.
Status
8.
Setup
Accessing the Screens
The screens are organized in a sequential manner, in the order
explained in section Sequence of the Screens on page 43.
The following keys are used for accessing the screens:
- Down arrow (load next screen)
- Up arrow (load previous screen)
When you turn the QMD101M power on you will see the Status
screen (after the Welcome screen). Press the key six times to get
the Main screen.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 43
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Main
MAWS1
WD
WS
T
RH
DT
P
a
p
QFE
QFF
QNH
PA
DA
↓a
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Main
259
12
28.0
89
25.0
29.2
0.0
0.0
29.3
1
0.2
0.0
0.0
13:10*
Deg
m/s
°C
%
°C
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
m
m
↓=Next
The Main screen shows the key values of the standard measurements
and calculations.
Table 3
Main Screen Information
Screen text
MAWS1
Main
13:10
*
Measurement
Unit SI (US)
WD
WS
T
RH
DT
P
a
Wind direction
Wind speed
Air temperature
Relative humidity
Dew point
Barometric pressure
Pressure tendency
Deg
m/s (kt)
°C (°F)
%
°C (°F)
hPa (inHg)
code 0 ... 8
p
Pressure trend (3 h)
hPa (inHg)
QFE
QFF
QNH
Field pressure
Sea-level pressure
Altimeter setting
hPa (inHg)
hPa (inHg)
hPa (inHg)
PA
DA
Pressure altitude
Density altitude
m (ft)
m (ft)
Note
Station name
Screen name
Current time
The handheld
terminal receives
data when the
asterisk is seen.
Available after 3
hours
Available after 3
hours
Available after 5
minutes
44 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Wind
Press ↓ on the Main screen to get to the Wind screen:
MAWS1
Wind
WD :
WS :
259
12
Min
WD2 : 255
WS2 : 9
Avg
270
11
Max
275
12
Deg
m/s
WD10: 250
WS10: 8
270
11
280
12
Deg
m/s
Gust:
SQ :
0
0
↓a
13:10
Deg
m/s
m/s
m/s
↓↑=Next/Prev
The Wind screen shows instant and statistical wind information.
Table 4
Screen label
WD
WS
Min
Avg
Max
WD2
WS2
WD10
WS10
Gust
SQ
Wind Screen Information
Measurement
Wind direction
Wind speed
Minimum values
Average values
Maximum values
Wind direction, 2-minute values
Wind speed, 2-minute values
Wind direction, 10-minute values
Wind speed, 10-minute values
Wind gust speed
Wind squall speed
Unit SI (US)
Deg
m/s (kt)
Deg
m/s (kt)
Deg
m/s (kt)
m/s (kt)
m/s (kt)
Statistics
Press ↓ on the Wind screen to get to the Statistics screen:
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 45
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
MAWS1
Rain 1h:
3h:
6h:
24h:
Stat
0
0
0
0
13:10
mm
mm
mm
mm
Prec
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
1h:
3h:
6h:
24h:
Snow 1h:
3h:
6h:
24h:
↓a
↓↑=Next/Prev
The Statistics screen shows statistic values of liquid and solid
precipitation.
Table 5
Statistics Screen Information
Screen label
Rain 1h
Rain 3h
Rain 6h
Rain 24h
Prec 1h
Prec 3h
Prec 6h
Prec 24h
Snow 1h
Snow 3h
Snow 6h
Snow 24h
Measurement
Last one-hour floating precipitation sum
from QMR101M
Last three-hour precipitation sum from
QMR101M
Last six-hour precipitation sum from
QMR101M
24-hour precipitation sum from QMR101M
(starting at 00:00 am)
Last one-hour precipitation sum from
PWD11A
Last three-hour precipitation sum from
PWD11A
Last six-hour precipitation sum from
PWD11A
Last 24-hour precipitation sum from
PWD11A
Last one-hour snow sum from PWD11A
Last three-hour snow sum from PWD11A
Last six-hour snow sum from PWD11A
Last 24-hour snow sum from PWD11A
Unit SI (US)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
mm (in)
Precipitation statistics (water and snow sums) are synchronized to
UTC. Reset times for statistics are shown in Table 6 below:
Table 6
Statistic
3h
6h
24h
Reset Times for Precipitation Statistics
Reset Times
02:55, 05:55, 08:55, 11:55, 14:55, 17:55, 20:55, and 23:55
05:55, 11:55, 17:55, and 23:55
11:55
46 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
NOTE
If precipitation is snow, Prec 1h to 24h values show the liquid
equivalent and Snow 1h to 24h values show the snow thickness. The
values are updated once per hour.
Enh/1
Press ↓ on the Statistics screen to get to the first Enhancement screen
(Enh/1):
MAWS1
Enh/1
Condition: Mist
13:10
METAR PW : BR
Prec. Int: 0.1
mm/h
Lightning 15 min:
Count
: 2
Nearest : 2
Bearing : 170
RfNoise : N
↓a
km
deg
↓↑=Next/Prev
Table 7
First Enhancement Screen Information
Screen Label
Condition
METAR PW
Prec. Int.
Lightning 15 min
Count
Nearest
Bearing
RfNoise
Measurement
Textual representation of the present
weather code from PWD11A. Table 8 on
page 48 lists present weather codes.
METAR message present weather code
(see Table 17 on page 63 and Table 18
on page 63).
Precipitation intensity from PWD11A
Last 15 min lightning values
Number of lightning strikes in 15 minutes
Distance to nearest lightning strike
Direction to nearest lightning strike
SA20M skinmap information: N (None), L
(Low), M (Medium), and H (High).
Unit SI (US)
mm/h (in/h)
/min
km (sm)
deg
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 47
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 8
PW Code
00
04
05
10
20
21
23
24
25
30
31
32
33
34
40
41
42
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
90
SYNOP Codes Used by PWD11A (Number Codes
Not Seen on QMD101M)
Textual Representation
Clear
Haze or smoke (vis ≥ 1 km)
Haze or smoke (vis < 1 km)
Mist
Fog 1)
Precipitation 1)
Rain (not freezing) 1)
Snow 1)
Freezing rain or freezing drizzle
Fog 2)
Fog or ice fog, in patches 2)
Fog or ice fog, has become thinner during past hour 2)
Fog or ice fog, no appreciable change during past hour 2)
Fog or ice fog, has begun or become thicker during past hour 2)
Precipitation
Precipitation, slight or moderate
Precipitation, heavy
Drizzle
Drizzle, not freezing, light
Drizzle, not freezing, moderate
Drizzle, not freezing, heavy
Drizzle, freezing, light
Drizzle, freezing, moderate
Drizzle, freezing, heavy
Rain
Rain, light
Rain, moderate
Rain, heavy
Rain, freezing, light
Rain, freezing, moderate
Rain, freezing, heavy
Rain (or drizzle) and snow, light
Rain (or drizzle) and snow, moderate or heavy
Snow
Snow, light
Snow, moderate
Snow, heavy
Ice pellets, light
Ice pellets, moderate
Ice pellets, heavy
Showers or intermittent precipitation
Rain showers, light
Rain showers, moderate
Rain showers, heavy
Rain showers, violent
Snow showers, light
Snow showers, moderate
Snow showers, heavy
Thunderstorm
48 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
PW Code
91
92
94
95
Textual Representation
Thunderstorm, slight or moderate, no precipitation
Thunderstorm, slight or moderate, rain/snow
Thunderstorm, heavy, no precipitation
Thunderstorm, heavy, rain/snow
1) Codes are used if precipitation or fog was observed during the preceding hour but not at the
time of observation.
2) Codes are used if precipitation or fog is observed at the time of observation.
Enh/2
Press ↓ on the first Enhancement screen (Enh/1) to get to the second
Enhancement screen (Enh/2):
MAWS1
Enh/2
H Vis 10A:
Cloud
L1
L2
L3
L4
L5
V Vis
↓a
NOTE
13:10
5400
Octas
3
5
8
/
/
Height
640
880
1040
/////
/////
m
m
↓↑=Next/Prev
Vertical visibility (V Vis) is available only when the sky is clear of
clouds. If any clouds are detected, the vertical visibility measurement
is not available.
Table 9
Second Enhancement Screen Information
Screen Label Measurement
H Vis 10A
10-minute average horizontal visibility
measured by PWD11A
Cloud
Cloud bases L1 to L5. L1 is the lowest cloud
base.
Octas
Sky condition categories.
Height
Height of the cloud base.
/////
The cloud base does not exist.
V Vis
Vertical visibility measured by CT25KAM.
Unit SI (US)
m (sm)
1 to 8 octas
m (ft)
m (ft)
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 49
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Alarms
Press ↓ on the Enh/2 screen to get to the Alarms screen:
MAWS1
Alarms
13:10
PVD11A: Comm. failure
↓a
↓↑=Next/Prev
The Alarms screen shows active alarms. If an alarm is triggered, the
Alarms screen will appear automatically. Press ESC key to return to
the previous screen, or press Enter to acknowledge the alarm message.
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Table 10
List of Possible Alarms
Alarm
CT25KAM: Comm. failure
Explanation and Possible Remedy
Communication failure. Verify correct cable
connections or replace sensor.
CT25KAM: HW alarm/warning Hardware error on CT25KAM.
CT25KAM: Optics contamin.
CT25KAM optics contaminated. Clean the
optics.
QMP202MP: Battery low
QMP202MP battery low. Connect
QMP202MP to an AC outlet.
AC (mains): Off
QMP202MP is not connected to AC outlet.
PMT16: Air press. misg.
Air pressure value missing. Not user
serviceable.
PWD11A: Comm. failure
Communication failure. Verify correct cable
connections or replace sensor.
QMP202MP battery empty or hardware
failure.
PWD11A: HW alarm/warning Hardware error on PWD11A.
PWD11A: Optics contamin.
PWD11A optics contaminated. Clean the
optics.
QMD101M: Comm. failure
Communication failure. Verify correct cable
connections or replace handheld terminal.
QMH101M: Air temp. misg.
Air temperature value missing. Verify
correct cable connections or replace
sensor.
QMH101M: Humidity misg.
Humidity value missing. Verify correct
cable connections or replace sensor.
QMR101M: Rain gauge misg. Rain gauge missing. Verify cable
connections.
SA-20: Comm. failure
Communication failure. Verify correct cable
connections or replace sensor.
SA-20: HW alarm/warning
Hardware error on SA20M.
SA-20: Skinmap rate high
Too much electrical interference. Remove
interfering equipment.
WS425: Wind dir. misg.
Wind direction value missing. Verify correct
cable connections or replace sensor.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 51
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Status
Press ↓ on Alarms screen to get to the Status screen:
MAWS1
Status
Int. Batt :
Int. Temp :
QMP202MP :
AC (mains):
Al. Limit :
6.8
25
11.3
On
10.8
CTRL 1
CTRL 2
CTRL 3
Reset
Sleep
Restart
↓a
13:10
V
°C
V
V
↓↑=Next/Prev
The Status screen shows voltage information and internal temperature
of the TACMET MAWS logger.
Table 11
Status Screen Information
Screen label
Int. Batt
Int. temp
Explanation
Internal battery voltage of MAWS (V)
Internal temperature of MAWS (°C or °F)
QMP202MP
AC (mains)
Al Limit
Battery voltage of QMP202MP (V)
AC power to MAWS (ON/OFF)
MAWS sends an alarm to the handheld
terminal when the QMP202MP voltage
drops below the set limit.
Press CTRL+1 to reset MAWS
Press CTRL+2 to put MAWS into sleep
mode. MAWS wakes up when you connect
the handheld terminal and turn it on.
Press CTRL+3 to restart MAWS from sleep
mode.
CTRL 1
CTRL 2
CTRL 3
Limit value
5.5 ... 7.6 V
-40 ... +80 °C
-40 ... +176 °F
10 ... 16 V
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Setup
Press ↓ on the Status screen to get to the Setup screen.
Setup
Name
Time
Timez
Alt
Pslev
WindC
Rf-HT
Rf-PC
Sys.T
Enh.
Units
↓a
.
: MAWS1
: hh mm ss YY MM DD
13 10 00 03 10 29
: 2.0
: 21.7 m
: 1.1 m
: 0.0
: 1
: 1
: 1
: 1
: 0
↑=Prev
NOTE
When taking TACMET MAWS into use for the first time or upon
connecting the battery, the station dependent settings must be
checked. All the settings (excluding Name) are mandatory.
NOTE
When changing the station dependent settings, connect the handheld
terminal to TACMET MAWS with a hard wire.
To change the station dependent settings do as follows:
1.
Press Enter to move to the desired field.
2.
When the cursor is on the desired field, press Space to get the
input field.
3.
Wait until the square brackets appear and type a value (use shift
modes as explained in section Shift Key on page 41).
4.
After typing a value, press Enter to accept the new value. If you
do not type a new value and you press Enter the value remains
unchanged.
5.
Reset the station (see section Status on page 52) after you have
changed station dependent settings.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 53
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
If you are not able to get the input field, it means that there is a
communication problem between TACMET MAWS and the
handheld terminal. See section troubleshooting the Handheld
Terminal on page 114.
Table 12
Screen label
Name
Time
Timez
Alt
Pslev
WindC
Rf-HT
Rf-PC
Sys.T
Enh
Units
Station Dependent Settings
Setting
Select a desired station name (max. 8 characters). The
station name is a static parameter and will remain after
power off.
Time and date. Set the time according to the example. To
set only the time, type for example 13 15 00 (hh mm ss).
Time zone sets the time difference from UTC. For example,
enter -5 in the eastern USA (New York, for example). For
details, see Figure 30 on page 55.
Station altitude from sea level. Use the same unit as
selected in the Units-field.
Pressure sensor altitude from the ground (station level).
Use the same unit as selected in the Units-field.
Should always be set to 0 in mast installations.
Select the desired radio channel (0 ... 15) for the radio
connected to the Hand Terminal connector on the upper
base of the logger tube. This may take up to 1 min. Set
channel to -1 to pause radio transmission.
Select the desired radio channel (0 ... 15) for the radio
connected to the PC connector on the lower base of the
logger tube. This may take up to 1 min. Set channel to -1 to
pause radio transmission.
System Type: 0 = deployable, 1 = mast installation
Enhancement sensors included in configuration. 0 = Not
included, 1 = Included. Set to 1 in mast installations.
Display unit: 0 = SI units, 1 = US units. Display unit will
change when a value is logged the next time.
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
9908-001
Figure 30
Time Zones
Terminal Connection
NOTE
The terminal mode is for maintenance purposes only.
When you are on the Setup screen, press F1 to start a terminal
connection.
To close the terminal connection, turn the power off and on again.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 55
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
MIDAS IV Software
This section contains detailed information on operating TACMET
MAWS with the MIDAS IV software.
The MIDAS IV software collects measured and calculated data from
the TACMET MAWS systems. In addition, it automatically generates
METAR reports, archives data for 30 days on the hard disk or any
other selected storage media, and distributes data further to other
systems. MIDAS IV allows the user to edit the METAR reports with
easy-to-use templates. Moreover, MIDAS IV provides the Event
Monitor option, with which the operator can monitor the system and
sensor alarms.
MIDAS IV data can be accessed through four workstation
applications. These applications are:
- Weather View for data display
- US METAR Template for sending a METAR/SPECI message
- Event Monitor for viewing and acknowledging events
- ASCII Log View for viewing stored history data.
MIDAS IV TACMET Configuration
Wizard
Double-click the Configuration Wizard icon on the desktop to open
the Configuration Wizard application.
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Figure 31
Configuration Wizard
The Configuration Wizard includes two menus: File and Settings.
From the File menu, you can browse log files, exit Configuration
Wizard, or read the version information. The Settings menu has two
menu items: Radio modem and Dial-up.
The Radio modem sub-menu has three items: Use radio modem,
Radio modem channel, and Configuration software. Use radio
modem -item is used to enable/disable radio modem. Radio modem
channel -item is used to select the pre-configured radio channel.
Configuration software -item is used to select an application for
configuration of the radio modem.
The optional Dial-up sub-menu has two items: Use Dial-up and
Configuration software. Use Dial-up-item is used to enable/disable
dial-up connection, for example, satellite connection. Configuration
software -item is used to select an application for configuration of the
dial-up connection.
Table 13 on page 58 lists the Configuration Wizard buttons.
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 13
Explanation of Configuration Wizard Buttons
Button
Radio Modem
Dial-up
Silence MAWS/
Enable MAWS
Sensor Terminal
M4 Services
M4 Diagnostics
Start M4
Stop M4
Apply
Cancel
Locations...
Explanation
Opens Radio Modem Configuration program
Opens optional Dial-up Manager
Silences MAWS
Asks which radio channel to use and then
enables MAWS
Opens Sensor Terminal application
Opens MIDAS IV Service Manager
Opens Diagnostics Monitor
Starts MIDAS IV applications
Stops MIDAS IV applications
Accepts configuration changes
Cancels configuration changes
Opens METAR/SPECI Manager application
System Parameters Tab
From the System Parameters tab (see Figure 31 on page 57), you can
configure the parameters described in Table 14 below.
Table 14
Item
Configuration
Units
Station identifier
Runway direction
Magnetic correction
Enable METAR
Enable AUTOMETAR
Show AUTO text
METAR type
METAR interval
METAR observation
time
METAR edit time
Explanation of System Parameters tab
Description
Select your system configuration: 1 Basic station, 1 Enhancement station,
Basic and Basic stations, Enhancement and Basic stations, Enhancement
and Enhancement stations, or Fixed Station (mast installation).
Select the units you want to use: SI or US
The unique ICAO identifier with 4 characters when the METAR message is
sent to AFTN. Otherwise, give the station ID, for example, airfield name.
Give the Runway direction in degrees, for example, 20
Give the difference between magnetic north and true north
Check only if you want the system to generate METAR/SPECI messages
Check only if you want to enable automatic METAR/SPECI sending feature
Check only if you want the AUTO text to appear in the header of
METAR/SPECI message
Select METAR/SPECI type: US or ICAO
Select METAR/SPECI sending interval in minutes: 30 or 60
Select METAR/SPECI editing start time: 00, 05, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40,
45, 50, or 55 minutes past the hour
Select the desired METAR/SPECI editing time in minutes, for example 3.
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Weather View Tab
0310-033
Figure 32
Weather View Tab
With the Weather View tab, you can configure the amount and the
order of the displays in the Weather View application.
NOTE
Normally there is no need to modify the display settings.
Weather View
Weather View is an application for graphical and numerical
presentation of TACMET MAWS values. The application updates
real-time values constantly as the system receives new data from the
sensors.
The various Weather View screens, available in the application, make
it easier for the user to follow the Basic system and Enhancement
data.
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
The number and content of the screens depends on the configuration
of your system and may differ from the ones presented in this
manual.
Screen 1
The Weather View application is composed of several screens. When
one TACMET MAWS is connected to MIDAS IV PC, the screen 1
shows basic system data.
NOTE
The order of the screens depends on the settings made with the
configuration wizard program.
Figure 33
NOTE
Weather View Screen 1: Basic System Data
The values marked with a red color after a startup are updated after
10 minutes.
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Table 15
Parameters in Basic System Data Screen
Field
TACMET MAST
Mains ON/OFF
MAWS Btry
DC Voltage
DATE
TIME
Runway direction
Instant Wind direction
2-minute variation
10-minute variation
WD 10Max
WS 10Max
Rectangle in the middle
of the wind rose
WD 10Mnm
WS 10Mnm
T
RH
Td
Rain 1h
Rain 24h
Max
Avg
Mnm
WD
WS
QNH
QFE
QFF
PA
DA
3h App
Type
Gusts
Squall
Description
Weather station identification
AC power to MAWS (ON [1] / OFF [0])
Internal battery voltage of MAWS (V)
Battery voltage of QMP202MP (V)
Current date
Current time
Black line shows runway direction
Blue arrow shows instant wind direction
Light green area shows 2-minute variation
Dark green area shows 10-minute variation
Shows 10-minute wind direction maximum
Shows 10-minute wind speed maximum
Shows instant wind speed value
Shows 10-minute wind direction minimum
Shows 10-minute wind speed minimum
Air temperature
Relative humidity
Dew point
1-hour precipitation value (QMR101M)
24-hour precipitation value (QMR101M)
Maximum wind values (2-min)
Average wind values (2-min)
Minimum wind values (2-min)
Wind direction
Wind speed
Altimeter setting
Station pressure
Sea-level pressure
Pressure altitude
Density altitude
Pressure trend (3-hour difference)
Pressure type 0 ... 8
Shows gusts speed
Shows squall speed
Follow the instructions in section Changing Graphic Scales on page
65 to change the scales of the temperature diagram.
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Screen 2
Screen 2 shows Enhancement data from TACMET MAWS.
Figure 34
NOTE
Weather View Screen 2: Enhancement Data
If lightning values show slashes (/////), check the cable connections of
the SA20M Lightning Detector.
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Table 16
Parameters in Enhancement Data Screens
Field
TACMET MAST
DATE
TIME
Cloud Cover and Base
CL1 ... CL5
CB1 ... CB5
RAIN
1h ... 24h
Rate In/Hr
SNOW
1h ... 24 h
PW
Lightning (15 min)
Distance SM
Direction º
Count
RfNoise
Visibility 1A (SM)
Visibility 10A (SM)
Table 17
Description
Weather station identification
Current date
Current time
Cloud covers CL1 to CL5 and cloud bases CB1
to CB5.
CL1 is the lowest cloud base (unit is Octa).
Height of the cloud base.
Precipitation values from PWD11A
Last 1 (and 3, 6, 24) -hour precipitation sum
Rain intensity
SNOW values from PWD11A
Last 1 (and 3, 6, 24) -hour snow sum
Present weather code (see Table 17 below and
Table 18 below)
Lightning values (last 15 minutes)
Distance to nearest lightning strike
Direction to nearest lightning strike
Number of lightning strikes in 15 minutes
SA20M skinmap information: N (None), L (Low),
M (Medium), and H (High)
1-minute average visibility values
10-minute average visibility values
Present Weather Codes (Qualifiers)
Intensity
Light (-) 1)
Moderate 1) (no qualifier)
Heavy (+)1)
VC In the vicinity 2)
Descriptor
BC Patches 1)
SH Showers 1)
TS Thunderstorm 2)
FZ Freezing 1)
1) Codes from the PWD11A sensor
2) Codes generated by MAWS using data also from other sensors than PWD11A
Table 18
Precipitation
DZ Drizzle
RA Rain
SN Snow
IC Ice crystals
PL Ice pellets
Present Weather Codes (Phenomena)
1)
Obscuration
BR Mist 1)
FG Fog 1)
DU Widespread dust 1)
HZ Haze or dust 3)
Other
SQ Squalls 2)
1) Codes from the PWD11A sensor
2) Codes generated by MAWS using data also from other sensors than PWD11A
3) Codes generated using PWD11A and MAWS data
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 63
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
If present weather information for a specific group does not exist, this
group is omitted.
Example:
-RA:
"Light rain"
Follow the instructions in section Changing Graphic Scales on page
65 to change the scales of the visibility diagram.
Screen 3
Screen 3 is a graphic display, which shows pressure, cloud base, and
wind speed data.
Figure 35
Weather View Screen 3: Graphic Display
Table 19
Parameters in Graphic Display
Field
TACMET MAST
DATE
TIME
QNH
CB
WS 2A
Description
Weather station identification
Current date
Current time
QNH (altimeter setting) graph
Cloud base graph
Wind speed 2-minute average graph
Follow the instructions in section Changing Graphic Scales on page
65 to change the scales of the diagrams.
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Changing Graphic Scales
To change the scale of a diagram (for example temperature diagram in
screen 1), do the following:
1.
Move the cursor over the temperature diagram.
2.
Click the right mouse button.
3.
Change the scales as desired (see Figure 36 below) and click
OK.
Figure 36
Changing the Scales
Menu Options
The Weather View application contains five menus: Display, Edit,
View, Window, and Help.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 65
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Display
The Display menu contains the following options:
- Screen 1 to 3 displays a Weather View screen
- Refresh updates all display items
- Open displays the screen description files
- Close shuts the active window
- Print prints the data shown on the active display
- Print Setup displays printer and connection options
Edit
The Edit menu contains the following command:
- Copy As Bitmap copies the current display to the clipboard as
bitmap picture
View
The View menu contains the following commands:
- Toolbar shows/hides the toolbar
- Status Bar shows/hides the status bar
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Window
The Window menu contains the following commands:
- Arrange Icons arranges icons of minimized windows
- Close All closes all open windows
- Screen 1 to 3 displays a Weather View screen
Help
The Help menu includes the following command:
- About Weather View shows version and copyright information.
Toolbar
The toolbar contains the following shortcut icons for the most
frequently used menu options:
=
Screen 1 opens the first Weather View screen (Basic data).
=
Screen 2 opens the second Weather View screen
(Enhancement data).
Screen 3 opens the third Weather View screen (Graphical
view).
Print prints the active document.
=
=
Status Bar
The status bar (at the bottom of the screen) displays information on
the current state of the application.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 67
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
METAR/SPECI Template
The METAR/SPECI template (referred to as US METAR template)
generates a METAR observation report at the intervals specified in the
system configuration. Sensor data is automatically updated onto the
template. The observation follows the format specified by WMO. The
observations can be edited or augmented by the operator and are not
distributed until approved by the operator. Special observations are
generated when weather parameters reach the threshold specified in
the system configuration and as required by ICAO Annex III. There is
also support for corrected and retarded messages.
The template window appears on your screen (see Figure 37 below)
when it is time to send a METAR/SPECI report. This window is also
displayed when you open the application yourself. The template is
similar for both METAR and SPECI reports; the only difference is the
Type field.
Figure 37
US METAR Template
METAR/SPECI service starts automatically at system startup. When
you do not need to use the application, you can minimize the window.
NOTE
The thresholds listed in Table 20 on page 69 are country specific and
must be confirmed.
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Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Table 20
Thresholds That Initiate Automatic SPECI Report
Measured Parameter
Wind direction
Wind speed
Gust
Air pressure
Cloud layer
Vertical visibility
Threshold
60 deg
5 m/s (9.7 kt)
5 m/s (9.7 kt)
Changes by 0.3 hPa (0.01 inches Hg) from
the previous METAR
When a cloud layer with an octa of
5 ... 8 (BKN/OVC) goes below
100 ft (30.48m), 200 ft (60.96m),
300 ft (91.44m), 500 ft (152.40m),
700 ft (213.36m), 1000 ft (304.80m),
1500 ft (457.20m), or
3000 ft (914.41m).
When the visibility goes below:
100 ft (30.48m), 200 ft (60.96m),
300 ft (91.44m), 500 ft (152.40m),
700 ft (213.36m), 1000 ft (304.80m),
or 1500 ft (457.20m).
The buttons in the US METAR template are described in Table 21
below.
Table 21
Button
BUILD
SEND
WIND SHEAR
Old
Buttons in US METAR Template
Description
Builds and validates the report
Saves the report to hard disk, or sends the report to
the external interface
Opens the Wind Shear Data window for selecting the
runways with wind shear
Enters the previous TREND in the TREND field
The US METAR template functions can be selected from the menu
bar. The typical menus and menu commands are presented in the
following tables. Depending on the system configuration, all options
may not be available.
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 22
US METAR: Report Menu
Command
BUILD
TREND
SEND
Description
Builds and validates the report
Sends a TREND request to forecaster
Saves the report to hard disk, or sends the report to
the external interface
Displays a template for a corrected METAR with the
data from the previously sent METAR report filled in.
Displays a new SPECI template for editing
Prints the template screenshot
Displays the preview of the print
Opens a window for changing the printer and paper
settings
CORR
SPECI
Print
Print Preview
Print Setup
Table 23
US METAR: Edit Menu
Command
Undo
Cut
Copy
Paste
Copy to Clipboard
Table 24
US METAR: View Menu
Command
Toolbar
Status bar
Table 25
Description
Cancels the last action
Removes the selected text
Copies the selected text
Adds the copied or cut text at the cursor location
Copies the template as a bitmap image to the
Clipboard
Description
Shows/hides the toolbar
Shows/hides the status bar
US METAR: Settings Menu
Command
Automated
METAR
Automated SPECI
Minimize After
Send
No consistency
check
Description
Turns the automated METAR function on. The system
sends the METAR report without user intervention.
Turns the automated SPECI function on. The system
sends the SPECI reports without user intervention.
Minimizes the template to the task bar after the report
has been sent.
Turns the consistency check off. When selected, the
system does not display validation error messages
when building the report.
Defines that observer provides the TREND forecast.
Trend field from
observer
METAR/MET
Opens the METAR/MET REPORT Manager
REPORT Manager application.
Select font
Opens a window for changing the font used in data
fields.
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Table 26
Command
About
METAR/MET
REPORT
Template
US METAR: Help Menu
Description
Displays software version and copyright information
The METAR/MET REPORT toolbar typically contains the buttons
described in Table 27 below. Depending on the system configuration,
some options may not be available.
Table 27
Button
US METAR: Toolbar Buttons
Name and Description
CORRECTED displays a template for a corrected METAR
with the data from the previously sent METAR filled in.
SPECI displays a new SPECI template for editing.
TREND request sends a TREND request to Forecaster.
Cut removes the selected text.
Copy copies the selected text.
Paste adds the copied or cut text at the cursor location.
Print prints the template.
No consistency check turns the consistency check off. When
selected, the system does not display validation error
messages when building the report.
Trend field from observer, defines that observer provides the
TREND report.
Automated METAR turns the automated METAR function on;
the system sends the METAR reports without user
intervention.
Automated SPECI turns the automated SPECI function on;
the system sends the SPECI reports without user
intervention.
METAR/MET REPORT Manager opens the application for
defining the source of data in the data fields.
METAR/MET REPORT Manager
With the METAR/MET REPORT Manager, you can define the
measurement site from which US METAR template data comes. If
you choose, for example, MAWS1, the data comes automatically
from MAWS1 to the US METAR template. If you choose manual,
you have to add the value manually to the US METAR template.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 71
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0310-035
Figure 38
METAR/MET REPORT Manager
METAR/SPECI Editing Procedure
The steps of producing a METAR/SPECI report are:
- Checking and editing data fields
- Adding remarks
- Building the report
- Sending the report.
Checking and Editing Data Fields
When the US METAR template window appears on your screen,
several fields are already filled with sensor data. These fields are
called automatic data fields, because the system automatically fills
them in for you.
The template also includes manual data fields. They are called manual
because they are not filled in automatically. You need to fill them in
yourself by clicking the field and entering the value. When the
template appears, the manual fields have slashes (////) in them or they
are empty.
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To be able to notice a problem situation in the system, it is important
to understand which fields are automatic and which are manual. Table
28 below lists automatic and manual fields and the special conditions
related to them.
Table 28
Parameter
Data Fields in METAR/SPECI Template
WIND, 1st field
WIND, 2nd field
GUST
VRB, 1st field
Automatic/
Manual
Automatic
Automatic
Automatic
Automatic
VRB, 2nd field
Automatic
VIS, value
VIS,
direction code
VIS 2,
value
VIS 2, direction code
Automatic
Manual
RVR fields
Manual
RVR 2 fields
Manual
PRESENT WEATHER,
1st field
PRESENT WEATHER,
2nd field
PRESENT WEATHER,
3rd field
CLOUDS , 1st row, 1st
field
Automatic
Direction of visibility (N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W, NW,
or /)
Runway Visual Range: minimum, average,
maximum, tendency.
Runway Visual Range: minimum, average,
maximum, tendency.
Automatic value from PWD11A.
Manual
Second present weather code
Manual
Third present weather code
SKC and VV
automatic, other
values manual.
Automatic
Cloud amount (VV, SKC, FEW, SCT, BKN, OVC).
Manual
Manual
CLOUDS, 1st row, 2nd
field
Manual
CLOUDS, 1st row, 3rd
field
CLOUDS, all other rows Manual
T
DP
QNH
Automatic
Automatic
Automatic
REWX
WIND SHEAR
Manual
Manual
TREND
REMARK
CODE
Automatic
Manual
Automatic
Comment
Wind direction in degrees.
Wind speed in m/s or knots.
Maximum wind speed during the last 10 minutes.
Lower limit of wind direction variation in degrees
during the last 10 minutes
Upper limit of wind direction variation in degrees
during the last 10 minutes
Visibility, 10-minute average from the selected site
Direction of visibility (N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W, NW,
or /)
Visibility, 10-minute average from the selected site
Cloud height in meters, feet, or hundreds of feet.
Cloud type (CB, TCU)
Like the fields in the first row of the Clouds group,
except the cloud amount options are: FEW, SCT,
BKN, OVC. The 1st row is for the lowest cloud layer,
the last row for the highest layer.
Temperature in Celsius degrees.
Dew point in Celsius degrees.
Pressure reduced to the mean sea level in
hectopascals or inHg.
Recent weather code.
Wind shear alerting system is not a standard part of
the system, so this is a manual field.
The field is a special data field.
The field is for additional information.
Shows the data to be sent
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NOTE
Slashes in manual fields are normal. When you see slashes in manual
fields, enter data in the field.
Adding Remarks
You can add remarks to the METAR report whenever necessary. A
remark is any comment you consider important; it could be related, for
instance, to runway conditions.
Building the Report
Build the report by clicking the BUILD button. The system validates
the report. If the system displays error messages, do one of the
following:
- If you click Yes, the report is built. Some data may be marked with
slashes.
- If you click No, the system does not continue building the report.
You can correct the values in the data fields and click the BUILD
button again.
When you click the BUILD button, the system performs a set of
validations, depending on the configuration. The system checks that
certain values, for example, temperature, dew point, and pressure fall
within the normal range.
The system also checks that present weather codes and numeric data
are consistent and that you have entered cloud amount data together
with the cloud height data.
If the values are valid, the system builds the report and you can send
it. If the system finds invalid values, it informs you about them with
error messages.
CAUTION
If the No consistency check option in the Settings menu is selected,
the system will not display the error messages. Instead, it replaces the
incorrect values by slashes in the final report code.
The system displays the final report text in the CODE field. Check the
report code. If there are errors in the code, correct the values in the
template data fields and click BUILD again.
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Sending the Report
When you have built the report and made sure that the text in the
Code field is OK, you can send the report by clicking the SEND
button. The system adds the abbreviated header lines automatically in
the beginning of the report and sends it. If the Minimize after send
option is selected from the Settings menu, the system automatically
minimizes the template window.
ASCII Log View
MIDAS IV stores METAR history files for a period of 30 days. After
that, they are automatically erased from the folder. The files are stored
on C:\MIDASIV\HISTORY\.
You can open the history files with the ASCII Log View application
as follows:
1.
Open the MIDAS IV Tacmet folder on the desktop.
2.
Double-click the ASCII Log View icon.
3.
To open the history files, select Open in the File menu, and
browse to C:\MIDASIV\HISTORY\. For the history file names,
refer to Table 29 on page 76.
Figure 39
ASCII Log View
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Table 29
Stored data
Weather parameters
Events
METAR/SPECI reports
File name
x_SENSOR_date
x_THUNDER_date
EVENTS_1.HIS
REPORTS_1.HIS
Table 30
Column
BASE1 ... BASE5
CH1INS
COUNT15, COUNT60
CREATEDATE
DA
DIRNEAREST
DP
OCTA1 ...OCTA5
MOR_10A
MOR_10M
MOR_10X
PA
PAINS
PTEND
PTREND
PW1
PW2
PW3
PWTXT
QFE
QFF
QNH
RAIN_SUM1H
RAIN_SUM3H
RAIN_SUM6H
RAIN_SUM24H
RANGENEAREST
RATE
RAW_MESSAGE
RH
SKINMAP
SNOW_SUM1H
SNOW_SUM3H
SNOW_SUM6H
SNOW_SUM24H
TAINS
THUNDER_REMARK
VERVIS
VISINS
WATER_SUM1H
WATER_SUM3H
History File Names and Content
Explanation
Data from all MAWS x (1 or 2) sensors.
Data from SA20M sensors
Data from the 1st day of the month.
Data from reports sent in the 1st day of the month.
History File Column Indicators
Explanation [unit]
1st ... 5th cloud base [m]
1st cloud height [m]
Lightning count within last 15 or 60 min.
Date and time when the data is logged.
Density altitude [m]
Nearest lightning direction [Deg]
Dew point [°C]
1st ... 5th octa [Octa]
10 minute average visibility
10 minute minimum visibility
10 minute maximum visibility
Pressure altitude [m]
1-minute barometric pressure average [hPa].
Pressure tendency [hPa]
Pressure trend (3-hour difference) [hPa]
Metar present weather code 1 by PWD11A
Metar present weather code 2 by PWD11A
Metar present weather code 3 by PWD11A
Metar present weather text by PWD11A and SA20M
Field level pressure [hPa]
Sea level pressure [hPa]
Altimeter setting [hPa]
1-hour rain sum [mm] by QMR101M
3-hour rain sum [mm] by QMR101M
6-hour rain sum [mm] by QMR101M
24-hour rain sum [mm] by QMR101M
Nearest lightning range [km]
Precipitation rate
SA20M raw message
1-minute relative humidity average [%].
Electrical interference
1-hour snow sum [mm]
3-hour snow sum [mm]
6-hour snow sum [mm]
24-hour snow sum [mm]
1-minute temperature average [°C].
Metar present weather code by SA20M
Vertical visibility
Instant visibility [m]
1-hour water sum [mm] by PWD11A
3-hour water sum [mm] by PWD11A
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Column
WATER_SUM6H
WATER_SUM24H
WD2A
WD10M
WD10A
WD10X
WIND_SQUALL
WS2A
WS10A
WS10M
WS10X
WSGUST
Explanation [unit]
6-hour water sum [mm] by PWD11A
24-hour water sum [mm] by PWD11A
2-minute wind direction average [Deg]
10-minute wind direction minimum [Deg]
10-minute wind direction average [Deg]
10-minute wind direction maximum [Deg]
Wind squall
2-minute wind speed average [m/s]
10-minute wind speed average [m/s]
10-minute wind speed minimum [m/s]
10-minute wind speed maximum [m/s]
Wind gust
Event Monitor
Event Monitor is an application for viewing and acknowledging
events, warnings, and alarms in the system.
Events are divided into three categories: operational, technical, and
internal events. Operational events are notifications about changed
meteorological conditions. Technical events are related to the
functioning of the sensors and to the communication between the
sensors and MIDAS IV Computer. Internal Events concern the
internal operation of the system, normally the operation of the system
services.
The system creates an event when technical or meteorological
conditions change.
Double-click the Event Monitor icon on the desktop to open the Event
Monitor.
0310-036
Figure 40
Event Monitor Screen
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Menu Options
The Event Monitor application contains three menus: Event, View,
and Help.
Event
The Event menu contains the following options:
- Save As saves the Event Monitor screen to a file with a name
specified by the user.
- Acknowledge marks the active event as noticed.
- Voice activates the optional Midas IV voice alarm function. This
application is not available with the TACMET system.
- Print prints the active window.
- Print Setup displays printer and connection options.
View
The View menu contains the following options:
- Bottom Line minimizes the Event Monitor application into a
single line that displays only the first unacknowledged event at the
bottom of the screen. Double-click the event line to restore Full
Event Monitor window.
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- All Events displays active events, that is, events that have not yet
been acknowledged.
- Internal Events displays internal events.
- Technical Events displays technical events.
- Operational Events displays operational events.
- Ice Detection Events. This application is not available with the
TACMET system.
- Message Notifications displays information related to weather
reports.
- Toolbar shows/hides the toolbar.
- Status Bar shows/hides the status bar.
- Hide when minimized removes the Event Monitor window button
(program icon and name) from the Windows taskbar (on the bottom
of the screen) when the window is minimized. The application
window can be returned by double-clicking the Event Monitor icon
( ) on the Windows status area (on the right corner of the taskbar).
Help
The Help menu includes the following command:
- About Event Monitor shows version and release information.
Toolbar
The toolbar contains the following shortcut icons for the most
frequently used menu options:
=
Save saves the current window to a file.
=
Copy copies the selected lines to the clipboard.
=
Acknowledge marks the active event as noticed.
=
Bottom Line minimizes the application window and
displays it at the bottom of the screen.
Voice switches the voice alarm function on or off. This
application is not available with the TACMET system.
Print prints the active window.
=
=
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NOTE
It is recommended to leave Event Monitor running whenever you use
the system. This is indicated by the Event Monitor icon ( ) on the
Windows status area.
Display Modes
Normally the Event Monitor application opens in a full-size window.
You can also display the application as a single event line on the
bottom of the screen by selecting Bottom Line from the View menu.
In the single-line display mode, only the first unacknowledged event
is shown. You can restore the Event Monitor to a full-size window
by double-clicking the Event Line.
NOTE
Do not use the Auto hide option (Windows Taskbar Settings) with
the Bottom Line command.
When the application is minimized, the window button (program icon
and name) is displayed on the Windows taskbar. Additionally, an
indicator of current event status is displayed on the status area (on the
right corner of the taskbar). The color of the indicator changes
depending on the current state of events. Yellow indicates that all
events are acknowledged; red color reminds you of unacknowledged
events.
Figure 41
Event Monitor Icon Showing Unacknowledged
Events
You can hide the Event Monitor window button from the taskbar by
selecting Hide when minimized from the View menu. You can
restore the application icon by double-clicking the Event Monitor
icon on the status area.
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Viewing Events
In the View menu, you can select different event categories for
viewing.
For each message, the following information is displayed:
- Time stamp (Time). The time stamp is updated when the message
is acknowledged. The time stamp column also includes an alarm
status icon. The color of the icon changes from red to yellow when
the event is acknowledged.
- Message text (Message)
- Location of the event (Site)
- Category of the event (Type)
- Status of the event (Status).
Each event can have one of the following statuses:
OVER
=
ACKED
ALARM
=
=
WARNING =
INFO
=
The event is not currently active. This status never
exists in the active event view.
Operator has acknowledged the event.
A serious condition exists (for example, one of the
sensors is not responding).
A warning condition exists (for example, one of the
sensors requires service).
Connection to event server is not correctly
established. The alarm monitor locally generates this
alarm.
Acknowledging Events
You can acknowledge the first unacknowledged event with the toolbar
icon
menu.
or by selecting the Acknowledge option from the Event
When you acknowledge an event, the icon of that event changes from
red to yellow. When all events are acknowledged, the Event Monitor
icon on the taskbar changes from red to yellow.
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Checking New Events
To check new events, do the following:
1.
In the Windows status area, double-click the Event Monitor
icon ( ). The Event Monitor window opens.
2.
In the View menu, select the event types you want to see.
3.
Check the latest unacknowledged event in the list (the topmost
with red icon).
4.
When you have checked the latest unacknowledged event, click
the
5.
icon. The event is now acknowledged.
Minimize the application window. You can also use the Bottom
Line command to minimize the window to a line showing the
latest event. Double-click the event line to restore the full
application window.
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Event Messages
The event messages are explained in Table 31 below.
Table 31
Event Messages
Event Message
1_MAWS_SENSOR_MISSING_DATA
Explanation
The system has received no PTU data (Pressure
Sensor PMT16A or Air Temperature and Relative
Humidity Sensor QMH101M) within a specified time.
1_RAIN_SENSOR_MISSING_DATA
The system has received no data from Rain Gauge
QMR101M within a specified time.
1_SA20_METAR DATA MISSING
Lightning Detector SA20M cannot provide all the
needed data for METAR.
1_TB_SENSOR_MISSING_DATA
The system has received no data from Lightning
Detector SA20M within a specified time.
CEILO DATA MISSING
The system has received no data from Ceilometer
CT25KAM within a specified time.
FD_MISSING_DATA
The system has received no data from Visibility and
Present Weather Sensor PWD11A within a specified
time.
MOR_LEVEL_DOWN
MOR = Meteorological Optical Range = visibility. The
system reports you between which SPECI limit
MOR_LEVEL_UP
values the 10-minute average is changing. Limits
used are 0 ... 800, 800 ... 1500, 1500 ... 3000, 3000
... 5000, and 5000 ... 8000.
MSG_SRV METAR: METAR delegator started MSG_SRV service is ready to handle METAR
requests.
MSG_SRV METAR: SENT TO AFTN
METAR report was sent to the output line.
MSG_SRV SPECI: Observer Triggered
SPECI report was triggered by the observer.
MSG_SRV SPECI: Temperature changing
Temperature has risen 2 °C or more compared to
the last sent METAR. MIDAS IV METAR service
notices the temperature difference and proposes
SPECI.
OBJECT INFORMATION CONFLICT
The system has detected an incorrect number of
DETECTED BY SERVER A
ROA objects. One of the following has occurred:
1) A service is not running.
2) End user has closed an obligatory application.
3) METAR/SPECI template has not been opened.
RVR_BACKGROUND_LUM
To be ignored.
WAD DATA MISSING
The system has received no data from Wind Sensor
WS425 within a specified time.
WIND SPEED -999.0
Instant wind speed data missing.
WIND DIRECTION -999
Instant wind direction data missing.
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Diagnostics Monitor
The Diagnostic Monitor (ROA Diagnostics) application is a tool for
monitoring the status of the MIDAS IV system. In Diagnostic
Monitor, you can view the status of a CDU (Central Data Unit), ROA
(Remote Object Architecture) objects and ROA users. You can also
check the location of a sensor.
When you get an Internal Event message in Event Monitor, there may
be a problem with the CDU. In such a situation, you need to use
Diagnostic Monitor to view the system status more closely. When
there is a Technical Event message in Event Monitor, you need to use
Diagnostic Monitor to look up the location of the sensor causing the
event.
CAUTION
Diagnostic Monitor is also an installation tool used by Vaisala
personnel. For this reason, it contains some functions you must not
use. Incorrect use of these functions can result in serious system
problems.
This manual includes instructions only for those functions that you
can safely use in your troubleshooting tasks. Do not use functions
that are not covered in this manual.
When starting troubleshooting with Diagnostic Monitor, you need to
connect to the system in question.
1.
Select System - Connect.
2.
The Connect window appears.
3.
Select the CDU (for example MIDAS IV TACMET) and click
OK.
4.
The Statuses tab appears.
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Statuses Tab
Figure 42 below shows the Diagnostic Monitor main window/Statuses
tab for a duplicated system.
Figure 42
Diagnostic Monitor Statuses Tab
The Statuses tab is the most important tab for troubleshooting tasks.
NOTE
The System, Servers, and Database tabs are mainly intended for
Vaisala internal use.
In single-CDU systems, the Cluster B column in the Statuses tab is
not used. Cluster A column shows when the CDU is working properly
(OnLine) and when it is out of order (Missing).
In a single-CDU system, the Statuses tab includes three icons:
Server
Objects
Users
=
=
=
Shows the status of the primary CDU.
Shows the status of ROA data objects in the system.
Shows the status of ROA users in the system.
The color of the Server icon indicates the status of a CDU.
- Green color indicates that the CDU is running correctly.
- Red and yellow colors indicate problems in physical connections,
network configuration, or ROA core services.
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ROA Object
A ROA object is a runtime data container used by the remote object
architecture. The data set it contains can be one of the following:
- Measured weather parameter values produced by a sensor
- Calculated values produced by meteorological services
- Alarm messages produced by the Alarm Service
- Weather report data.
The status of ROA objects in your system is indicated in the Statuses
tab by the color of the Objects icon. In a normal situation, the
Objects icon is green. If it is red or yellow, you need to open the
Objects window by selecting View - Objects. In the Objects
window, you can see the name, status, and value of the problem object
and open a data item window for it.
Figure 43 below shows the Objects window. The window is similar
for all system types. You can display the Objects window by selecting
Objects from the View menu.
Figure 43
Objects Window in Diagnostic Monitor
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The columns in Figure 43 on page 86 are explained below:
Name
= The Name column shows the ROA object name. By
double-clicking the name (of objects having Access type
Application), you can open a data item window for this
object and view data items belonging to it.
Existence = In the Existence column, the system shows the status of
the ROA object in question. In single-CDU systems, the
normal status is Obligatory.
In error situations, the status can be either Missing or
Unknown. A Missing status is also shown by the red
object status icon.
When the existence of a ROA object is Missing, the
system sends an Internal message Object information
conflict to Event Monitor. A Missing object status
means that the object is not running properly in the
system or, in rare situations, that the object is missing
from the system altogether.
If the existence of a ROA object is Unknown (yellow), it
usually means that there is an application running for
which you do not have a proper license. See also Table
32 below.
Access = Objects are divided into two groups by their access type:
Application and System. If an object has the access type
Application, you can open a data item window for that
object by double-clicking its name. Objects with the
access type System are internal system objects, and you
cannot open a data item window for them; they are only
intended for system internal use.
Types
= The Types column contains programming information
intended for Vaisala internal use.
Table 32
Existence Column in Objects Window
Existence
Obligatory (green icon)
Unknown (yellow icon)
Missing (red icon)
Explanation
A system program running in the
CDU.
An unlicensed application. Close the
application and contact Vaisala for
more licenses if necessary.
The object is missing. You may need
to reboot the system.
The object status icon is in the leftmost column. This icon shows the
status of the ROA object. The icon can be green, red, or yellow. The
green icon indicates normal status.
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Red and yellow colors indicate missing objects, license violations, or
other irregularities related to ROA objects. When the Objects icon is
red or yellow, you need to view further object details in the data item
window related to each object.
Table 33 below explains the meaning of the status icon colors in the
Objects window and gives troubleshooting instructions.
Table 33
Color of Object Status Icon Explained
Color of Object
Status Icon
Green
Yellow
Red
Explanation
Action
Object is running
correctly.
There is a non-configured
program running in the
system (usually a Vaisala
internal tool).
An object is missing, or a
non-licensed application is
running in the system.
No action needed.
Stop the non-configured
program in Windows
Control Panel.
Restart the missing object
in Windows Control Panel,
or close the non-licensed
application in the program
and contact Vaisala for
more licenses if necessary.
Data Item Window
Figure 44 on page 89 shows the data item window. You can display
the data item window by double-clicking the icon of an object in the
Objects window. The data item window can be displayed for objects
that have Application access type.
The following figure shows the data item window for ROA object
1_PWD_SENSOR.
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Figure 44
Data Item Window for PWD11A
The columns in Figure 44 above are explained below:
Name
= The Name column shows the data item name. One ROA
object includes several data items.
The data item named Location shows the location code
of the object.
Type
= The Type column contains programming information
intended for Vaisala internal use.
Statuses = The Statuses column is important for ensuring the
quality of data in the system and in end-user
applications.
The information in the Statuses column is updated
several times a minute. When the connection between a
sensor and the CDU is broken, the information is no
longer updated, and the status changes to Old and finally
Missing. If the line is working properly, but the value
measured by the sensor is out of the defined validity
range, the status is Invalid. These statuses correspond
with the ones used in end user applications, for example
Weather View.
Value
= The Value column shows the data item value.
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ROA User
A ROA user is a program running in the MIDAS IV system. The term
"user" should be understood from the system’s point of view: ROA
users are applications and programs that are using the CDU’s services.
NOTE
In this context, the word user does not refer to the end user of
MIDAS IV workstation.
A ROA user is one of the following:
- Workstation application (for example Weather View,
METAR/SPECI)
- System program.
The status of ROA users in your system is indicated in the Statuses
tab by the color of the Users icon. In a normal situation, the Users
icon is green. If it is red or yellow, you need to open the Users
window by selecting View - Users. In the Users window, you can see
the name, address, port, and status of the problem ROA user.
Figure 45
Users Window in Diagnostic Monitor
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The columns in Figure 45 on page 90 are explained below:
Software = The Software column shows the name of the ROA user.
Address = The Address column shows the IP address of the
computer running the software in question.
Port
= The Port column shows the TCP/IP port of the computer
running the software in question.
Host
= The Host column contains information intended for
Vaisala internal use.
Network = The Network column shows the version number of the
ROA network library used in the application. The
version number consists of three groups separated by a
dot (for example 1.43.03). The first two groups should
be the same for each ROA user. If they are not, an old
version of the ROA user in question is running in the
system.
Existence = The Existence column shows the status of the ROA user.
A ROA user can be Obligatory, Violation/Unknown,
or Missing.
The normal status is Obligatory. If the system cannot
find a ROA user, the status turns Missing. This means
that a system program has stopped running, or that an
end user has inadvertently closed an application that
needs to be constantly open in a workstation
(METAR/SPECI).
If the ROA user status is Violation/Unknown, it means
that there is a non-licensed or non-configured ROA user
running in the system.
You might also see the statuses Floating and Inactive in
the Existence column. These statuses are mainly
intended for Vaisala internal use.
SensorIO Monitor
SensorIO Monitor is a remote maintenance application. It is used for
monitoring the communication port, the field devices, and the field
device network communication.
SensorIO Monitor contains two windows: the Sensor Status Monitor
window for showing the status of field devices, and the Event Log
window for monitoring the communication from field devices.
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CAUTION
SensorIO Monitor is also an installation tool used by Vaisala
personnel. For this reason, it contains some functions you must not
use. Incorrect use of these functions can result in serious system
problems.
This manual includes instructions only for the functions that you can
safely use in your troubleshooting tasks. Do not use functions that are
not covered in this manual.
You can hide and show the toolbar and status bar by selecting the
corresponding View menu options. Toolbar and status bar are shown
on the screen by default.
Sensor Status Monitor Window
In SensorIO Monitor, you can monitor the status of sensor
communication in the Sensor Status Monitor window.
The window shown in Figure 46 on page 93 appears by default when
you open the SensorIO Monitor application. You can also display it by
selecting View - Status View.
The Sensor Status Monitor window shows a list of all sensors
configured in your MIDAS IV system.
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0310-040
Figure 46
Sensor Status Monitor Window
The columns in Figure 46 above are explained below:
Icon
Port
Status
= The connection status icon is the leftmost column on the
window. The LED icons in the column display the status
of each field device configured in the system. The status
information is updated several times a minute. See Table
34 below for details.
= The Port column shows the number of the port to which
the sensor is connected.
= The Status column shows the sensor status. See Table 35
on page 94 for details.
The colors and text in the connection status icon are explained in
Table 34 below.
Table 34
Explanation of Connection Status Icon
Icon color and text
Green ON
Yellow
Yellow TMIT
Red ER
Gray OFF
Blue CMD
Explanation
Normal situation. Connection OK.
Active connection.
A lengthy data transfer is on the process.
Problems in communication between sensors
and CDU.
Sensor is not in use.
Sensor is in maintenance mode.
Table 35 on page 94 explains the different statuses.
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Table 35
Explanation of Status Column
Status
OK
Error
Command Mode
Explanation
Communication between sensors and CDU is running
correctly.
Problems in communication between sensors and CDU.
Sensor is in maintenance mode.
When you right-click a sensor name, you can view more information
on the sensor by selecting Sensor Details from the context menu. The
Field Device Status window appears, see Figure 47 below.
Figure 47
Sensor Details in Field Device Status Window
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Event Log Window
The Event Log window contains detailed information on sensor
communications. It displays the latest sensor events received from the
system.
0310-041
Figure 48
Event Log Window
The Event Log window shows the time of the event, the name of the
sensor, the event number, and the sensor message text (for example
"message missing!").
You can adjust the amount of details displayed in the Event Log
window with the Trace Level buttons. The higher the trace level is,
the more details are shown in the Event Log. You can select a trace
level from two to nine.
When you click the Toggle Logging icon on the toolbar, the contents
of the event log are stored in a log file on your hard disk.
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Chapter 4 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
CHAPTER 4
MAINTENANCE
This chapter provides information that is needed in the basic
maintenance of the product.
Under normal conditions, MAWS201MP Weather Station needs only
a minimum amount of maintenance. In general, it is not advisable to
repair sensors in the field.
Tilting the Mast
The MAWS201MP mast is easy to tilt for maintenance purposes.
Figure 49
MAWS201MP Mast Tilted
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 97
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
WARNING
For safety reasons, do not tilt the mast when wind speed is over 7 m/s
(14 kt).
WARNING
See that there are no power lines or other obstacles near the mast.
WARNING
Be sure that there are no persons under the mast when the mast is
tilted.
WARNING
Avoid touching the wire with bare hands. Do not try to guide the
wire.
CAUTION
Be careful not to damage the sensors when tilting the mast.
Follow the procedure below to tilt the mast.
1.
Open the shackle to disconnect the guy wire 1 (circled in Figure
50 on page 99) that is on the opposite side to the tilting
direction.
98 __________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 4 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
0303-046
Figure 50
2.
CAUTION
Mast Orientation
Open the 4 securing bolts in the hinge (see Figure 51 on page
100).
Do not open the horizontal hinge bolt.
After erecting the mast, secure the hinge with the provided accessories
as illustrated in Figure 51 on page 100.
NOTE
Always assemble the washers under the spring washers to prevent the
paint from being damaged.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 99
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0303-045
Figure 51
Bolts and Washers for Securing the Hinge
The following numbers refer to Figure 51 above:
1
2
3
3.
CAUTION
=
=
=
Allen bolt
Spring washer
Washer
Lower the mast slowly by turning the winch counter-clockwise.
You should always have a good grip on the handle.
4.
Install the tilting support to the end of the mast (see Figure 52 on
page 101).
5.
Lower the mast slowly with the winch so that the mast finally
rests on the tilting support.
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Chapter 4 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
0303-052
Figure 52
Tilted Mast with Tilting Support
Follow the procedure below to erect the mast:
1.
CAUTION
Turn the winch handle clockwise so that the mast does not rest
on the tilting support.
Be careful not to damage sensors or accessories with the tilting
support.
2.
Remove the tilting support.
3.
Fully erect the mast with the winch.
4.
Screw back the 4 securing bolts in the hinge (see Figure 51 on
page 100).
5.
Connect the guy wire.
The maintenance of the following sensors and accessories should be
carried out when the mast is tilted:
- Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425
- Present Weather Detector PWD11A
- Lightning Detector SA20M
- Obstruction Light
- Antenna
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 101
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WS425
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor requires a minimum amount of maintenance.
If the sensor fails, replace it with a known good unit.
Present Weather Detector PWD11A
PWD11A is designed to operate continuously for several years
without maintenance other than cleaning of the lenses and the DRD
sensing surface (see Figure 53 below). No initial calibration of
PWD11A is needed, because the sensor has been calibrated at the
factory. Periodic maintenance of the PWD11A Present Weather
Detector includes:
- Cleaning of the transmitter and receiver lenses and hoods
- Cleaning of the DRD Rain Detector.
0105-054
Figure 53
NOTE
Present Weather Detector (Arrow Pointing to DRD)
Some erroneous data may be generated due to cleaning the sensor.
Cleaning Transmitter and Receiver
Lenses and Hoods
The lenses of the PWD11A transmitter and receiver units should be
relatively clean to get reliable results. With dirty lenses, the shown
visibility values are not reliable. Cleaning should be done every six
months or more often depending on the conditions (for example, if
there are roads nearby, more cleaning will be necessary).
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Chapter 4 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
1.
Clean the lenses with a lens-cleaning wipe. Be careful not to
scratch the lens surfaces. Lenses should dry up indicating that
the lens heating is functioning.
2.
Check that the hoods and lenses are free of condensed water or
ice and snow deposits.
3.
Wipe the dust from the inner and outer surfaces of the hoods.
Cleaning DRD Rain Detector
The capacitive rain detector DRD should be cleaned every six months
or more often depending on the conditions.
CAUTION
The measuring principle does not allow for proper ESD protection of
the DRD electronics, carefully follow the instructions below.
1.
Ground your hand by touching grounded metallic parts of the
installation to remove excessive static charges from your body.
2.
Clean the DRD rain detector carefully with a soft, lint-free cloth
moistened with mild detergent. Be careful not to scratch the
surface.
3.
Check that the detector is free of ice and snow deposits.
Storage
Store PWD11A in its transit case in dry conditions, not in the open air.
Storage conditions are:
- Temperature -40 to 70 °C (-40 to 158 °F)
- Relative humidity up to 95 %
Lightning Detector SA20M
There are no customer serviceable components in SA20M. If the
sensor fails, replace it with a known good unit.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 103
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Obstruction Light
If the obstruction light gets dirty, clean it with water and mild soap
only. If the obstruction light fails, replace the whole unit.
Antenna
Antennas require a minimum amount of maintenance. Field repairs are
accomplished by changing the complete antenna.
Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe
QMH101M
Calibration and maintenance of the air temperature and relative
humidity probe should be performed at regular intervals, depending on
the conditions of use and desired accuracy. The validity of the
readings should be checked annually.
Replacing QMH101M Probe
To replace the QMH101M probe with a calibrated probe, perform the
following steps:
1.
Disconnect the Temp/Humidity cable (red-coded) from the
TACMET MAWS.
2.
Remove the sensor from the radiation shield by pulling gently.
3.
After the sensor is detached from the radiation shield, pull the
probe head out of the handle (see Figure 54 on page 105).
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Chapter 4 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
0201-001
Figure 54 QMH101 Probe Maintenance
The following numbers refer to Figure 54 above.
1
2
=
=
Handle with cable
Probe head
4.
Attach the calibrated probe into the handle.
5.
Push the sensor carefully back into the radiation shield.
6.
Reconnect the cable.
Rain Gauge QMR101M
To ensure reliable and accurate measurements, we recommend that the
following checks be carried out at each visit to the rain gauge.
NOTE
If the gauge is still connected to the data logger and logger is
operating, be careful not to tip the spoon/bucket when carrying out
the following operations.
1.
Inspect the funnel for any damage or blockage. At certain times
of year, leaves may have accumulated into the funnel. Dirt and
dust can also block the grille preventing or reducing the flow
rate to a slow drip to the buckets beneath. Remove all obstacles
from the funnel.
2.
Check that the gauge is still level. It is surprisingly easy for an
apparently immovable gauge to become tilted as a result of
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 105
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
small ground movements, vandalism, or just an inquisitive
finger.
3.
Clean the spoon from dust and dirt once or twice a year to
ensure precise measuring.
Pressure Sensor PMT16A
PMT16A requires no maintenance.
Calibration
The TACMET MAWS software provides a means for one-point
calibration of Pressure Sensor PMT16A.
Required equipment:
- Laptop PC with a terminal software (for example, HyperTerminal)
- Reference pressure sensor
- TACMET MAWS PC cable ZZ45202
Calibration procedure of PMT16A is the following:
1.
NOTE
Place the reference pressure sensor at the same level with
PMT16A (located inside the tripod enclosure).
Make sure the wind does not interfere with the reading of the
reference barometer.
2.
Connect the MIDAS IV PC to TACMET MAWS with the
ZZ45202 cable.
3.
If the MIDAS IV software is running shut it down using
TACMET Wizard.
4.
Establish terminal connection to TACMET MAWS by
launching the terminal software. The correct communication
parameters are:
-
4800 bps
8 data bits
1 stop bit
No parity
No handshaking
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Chapter 4 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
5.
When data messages appear in the terminal software, type open
and press ENTER.
6.
Read the reference barometer reading.
7.
Give the reference reading to TACMET MAWS. Type
PMT16CAL 1003.7 (where 1003.7 hPa is the reference
reading) and press ENTER.
8.
Check the readings given by TACMET MAWS:
- Value = reference reading
- Measured value = measured by TACMET MAWS
- Offset = measured value - reference reading
9.
Wait for a couple of minutes.
10.
Check the pressure reading with the handheld terminal. It should
be the same as the reference reading.
11.
Repeat the calibration, if necessary.
12.
Type close and press ENTER to close the terminal connection.
13.
Shut down the terminal software.
14.
Restart MIDAS IV using TACMET Wizard.
Ceilometer CT25KAM
Periodic maintenance is normally limited to window cleaning. In
addition, alarms should be checked regularly with the handheld
terminal.
CAUTION
Ceilometer should never be opened by unauthorized personnel.
Opening it will void the warranty.
Window Cleaning
The ceilometer lens and window should always be free of any dirt or
particles during operation. Data messages include a warning if the
window is contaminated.
After the system has detected contamination, it starts the blower,
which removes contamination.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 107
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
In case of the "Optics Contamin" alarm (see Table 10 on page 51) the
window has to be cleaned.
To clean the window:
CAUTION
1.
Flush the window with water to remove coarse grains.
2.
Clean the window with a lens-cleaning wipe.
Particles between the towel and the window may damage the antireflection coating. Therefore, instead of circular rubbing, the window
should be wiped once across the window. If additional wiping is
needed, a clean part of the towel should be used.
Storage
Place caps on all external connectors if stored unpacked for extended
periods of time in an unconditioned area. Also, maintain a dust cover
on the window during long periods of storage.
Logger Enclosure QME101M
Logger tube QME101M requires a minimal amount of maintenance.
Field repairs are accomplished by replacing the complete module.
Power Supply and Connection Unit QMP202MP
QMP202MP requires a minimal amount of maintenance. Field repairs
are accomplished by replacing the complete module. The expected
battery life expectancy is 4 to 5 years.
Mains Power Supply QMP211
QMP211 requires a minimal amount of maintenance. Field repairs are
accomplished by changing the complete module.
NOTE
Do not open the mains power supply unit.
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Chapter 4 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Communication Accessory Enclosure QCA101
QCA101 requires a minimal amount of maintenance. Repairs are
accomplished by replacing the complete module.
Handheld Terminal QMD101M
Under normal conditions, QMD101M needs only a minimal amount
of maintenance. In general, it is not advisable to repair QMD101M in
the field. Field preventive maintenance is limited to cleaning the
display periodically, if necessary. Field repairs are accomplished by
changing the complete terminal.
Cable Maintenance
Inspect cables for breaks, cracks in the protective coating or cable
connectors, and bent, damaged, or misaligned pins. Also wipe off or
remove excess dirt, dust, sand, and leaves.
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Chapter 5 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
CHAPTER 5
TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter consists of some common problems, their probable
causes, and remedies.
Software Operation
Table 36
Some Common Problems and Their Remedies.
Problem
TACMET MAWS will
not open for
commands.
Probable Cause
The terminal connection
is not open.
MAWS is not receiving
power.
MAWS is not sending
anything (nothing is
seen on the handheld
terminal or PC screen).
MIDAS IV shows
Cable connection
slashes (/////) instead of problem.
measured values.
Remedy
Check the cable
connection.
Check connections and
power supply.
Reset MAWS.
Check the cable
connections and the
condition of the cables
(see section Cable
Maintenance on page
109).
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 111
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
CT25KAM
Warnings
Table 37
Troubleshooting Ceilometer
Status Message Info
Optics contaminated
warning (on handheld
terminal).
Probable Cause
Bird droppings, leaves,
dust, or the like has
contaminated the
window.
Remedy
Clean the window.
Failure Diagnosis
In case of malfunction, do the following:
1.
Check the cable connections.
2.
Check the presence and correctness of line voltage.
3.
Check the operational states of the LEDs in the unit.
4.
At the data line, check that the connection is correct.
The diagnosis is made based on the information given in the status
message.
PWD11A
CAUTION
Servicing the equipment must be performed by qualified personnel.
If PWD11A is not working properly:
1.
The lenses may be excessively contaminated. Alarm is received.
- Clean the lenses.
2.
One of the hoods has been filled with snow, leaves, or other
things. Alarm is received.
- Clean the hoods.
3.
Check that there are no foreign objects in the sample volume.
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Chapter 5 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
- Tree branches, loose cables, or any other moving objects in
the sample volume may cause sudden changes in the scatter
signal.
4.
Check the power supply voltage and cable connections.
5.
Check that all the connectors are properly inserted.
6.
Check that there are no flashing lights close to PWD11A.
- Flashing lights may cause PWD11A to detect peaks in the
optical signal.
SA20M
Table 38
Troubleshooting SA20M
Problem
No data transfer from
SA20M
SA20M appears to be
reporting lightning data
in the opposite direction
of the expected location
(180 degrees off).
Probable Cause
Bad connection.
Remedy
Check that all cables
are properly connected
to SA20M.
Cable failure.
Check cable integrity.
No power.
Restore power to
SA20M.
Poor siting of SA20M.
Remove any
Too close to obstruction obstructions.
(such as metal fences)
that is causing signal
degradation.
The sensor is not
Check the grounding
properly grounded.
connection wire.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 113
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Handheld Terminal
Table 39
Troubleshooting the Handheld Terminal
Problem
The handheld terminal
does not power up
normally.
Probable Cause
The handheld terminal
is not connected to a
power outlet.
The backlight is not on.
After a certain time, the
lights will go off to
maintain low power
consumption.
The "Not Available" text Your system does not
appears on the screen. have the Enhancement
sensors connected.
You are trying to
A communication
change station
problem between
dependent settings, but MAWS and the
you cannot access the handheld terminal.
input field.
Remedy
Check the cable
connections.
Press any key on the
keypad.
Connect the sensors. If
you have the Basic
system, ignore the text.
Check the cable
connections. The
handheld terminal must
be connected to MAWS
with a hard wire, when
changing the station
dependent settings.
Technical Support
For technical questions, contact the Vaisala technical support:
E-mail
helpdesk@vaisala.com
Phone (int.)
+358 9 8949 2789
Fax
+358 9 8949 2790
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Chapter 5 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Return Instructions
If the product needs repair, please follow the instructions below to
speed up the process and avoid extra costs.
1.
Read the warranty information.
2.
Write a Problem Report with the name and contact information
of a technically competent person who can provide further
information on the problem.
3.
On the Problem Report, please explain:
- What failed (what worked / did not work)?
- Where did it fail (location and environment)?
- When did it fail (date, immediately / after a while /
periodically / randomly)?
- How many failed (only one defect / other same or similar
defects / several failures in one unit)?
- What was connected to the product and to which connectors?
- Input power source type, voltage and list of other items
(lighting, heaters, motors etc.) that were connected to the
same power output.
- What was done when the failure was noticed?
4.
Include a detailed return address with your preferred shipping
method on the Problem Report.
5.
Pack the faulty product using an ESD protection bag of good
quality with proper cushioning material in a strong box of
adequate size. Please include the Problem Report in the same
box.
6.
Send the box to:
Vaisala Oyj
VSO Service
Vanha Nurmijärventie 21
FIN-01670 Vantaa
Finland
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Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
CHAPTER 6
TECHNICAL DATA
This chapter provides the technical data of the TACMET Weather
Station for Pole Mast Installations.
Polling/Reporting Times
Table 40
Sensor Polling/Reporting Times
Parameter
Wind direction (WS425)
Wind speed (WS425)
Air temperature (QMH101M)
Relative humidity (QMH101M)
Air pressure (PMT16A)
Precipitation (QMR101M)
Lightning (SA20M)
Sky condition (CT25KAM)
Present weather (PWD11A)
Polling
1s
1s
10 s
10 s
10 s
1 min
5s
30 s
30 s
Reporting
5s
5s
1 min
1 min
1 min
1 min
5s
30 s
30 s
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 117
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Specifications
Weather Station MAWS201MP
Table 41
MAWS201MP Specifications
Property
AC power consumption
Description/Value
260 VA, max.
2.3 A @ 115 VAC
1.15 A @ 230 VAC
Battery backup time
4 h, at minimum
(excluding PC equipment;
optional UPS for PC equipment)
Communication range with the 20 km (12 mi.) with AWG 22 cable
QCA101 unit equipped with
WT501+DMX501
Temperature
-40 ... +55 °C (-40 ... 131 °F)
Humidity
5 ... 100 %RH
Wind
0 ... 50 m/s (0 ... 100 knots)
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Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Logger QML102T
Table 42
QML102T Specifications
Property
Processor
A/D conversion
Data logging memory
Sensor inputs
Typical accuracy across
measured temperature range
-50 °C ... +80 °C
Maximum error across
measured temperature range
-35 °C ... +50 °C
Maximum error at 0 °C
Voltage measurement
±2.5V range
±250 mV range
±25 mV range
±6.5 mV range
Frequency measurements
Common mode range
Real-time clock
Standard
Serial communication
Standard
Optional
Voltage (external powering)
Standard internal battery
Temperature (operating)
Temperature (storage)
Humidity
Emissions
ESD immunity
RF field immunity
EFT immunity
Surge (lightning pulse)
Conducted RF immunity
Description/Value
32-bit Motorola
16-bit
1.7 Mbytes internal Flash memory
10 Analog inputs (20 single ended inputs)
2 counter / frequency inputs
Internal channel for PMT16A pressure
transducer
Better than ± 0.06 °C
Less than ± 0.12 °C
Less than ± 0.06 °C
Better than 0.08 % F.S. ± 150 µV
Better than 0.18 % F.S. ± 15 µV
Better than 0.18 % F.S. ± 3 µV
Better than 0.18 % F.S. ± 3 µV
0.003 % + resolution 241 ns (up to 2 kHz)
+5 V / -4 V
Better than 20 sec/month
RS-232 for maintenance
2 pcs RS-232 for handheld display and
laptop PC (max. distance 70 m)
2 pcs RS-485 for smart sensors and
remote displays, speed 300 ... 4800 bps
(max. distance 2.5 km)
8 ... 14 VDC recommended (30 V max)
1.2 Ah/6 V
-40 ... +55 °C (-31 ... 131 °F)
-50 ... +70 °C (-58 ... 158 °F)
0 ... 100 %RH
CISPR 22 class B (EN55022)
IEC 61000-4-2
IEC 61000-4-3
IEC 61000-4-4
IEC 61000-4-5
IEC 61000-4-6
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 119
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Power Supply and Connection Unit
QMP202MP
Table 43
Battery Regulator QBR101 Specifications (Inside
QMP202MP)
Property
Maximum input voltage (SMPS and
Solar Panel inputs)
Maximum input current (SMPS)
Solar panel input
Recommended input voltage from
SMPS input
Max. load current (backup output)
Recommended battery capacity
range
Battery charge current for 4 Ah
battery (selections
0.5 / 1.0 / 2.0 / 2.5 A)
Max. battery discharge current
Battery charge voltage selection
(with external resistor)
Battery charge temp. comp.
Coefficient
Load disconnection threshold
voltage (with Lo Btry Switch)
Load reconnection threshold voltage
Battery Low signal threshold voltage
Self consumption from battery (with
LEDs disconnected)
Ground connection
Reverse voltage protection
Wire terminals
- battery and load wires
- solar panel, DC input, and controls
MTBF (parts stress method,
MIL.HDBK 271F ground benign Ta
+25 °C)
Housing
Dimensions w × d × h
Weight
Description/Value
30 VDC
6A
55 W max.
16 VDC
3.5 A
4 … 72 Ah
0.5 A
3.5 A
13.7 V
-20 mV/°C, typical
10.0 V, typical
12.0 V, typical
11.5 V, typical
0.2 mA max. @ +25 °C
Negative
Battery, solar panel
Screw terminals, removable
2.5 mm2
1.5 mm2
> 150 000 hours
Anodized aluminum, gray
90 × 80 × 25 mm (3.5 × 3.1 × 1 in)
0.1 kg (3.5 oz)
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Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Table 44
Power Supply Unit BWT36SXZ Specifications
(Inside QMP202MP)
Property
Output power
Operating principle
Input voltage range
Frequency range
Input current on full load:
100 VAC
230 VAC
Output voltage
Output current
Efficiency
Noise and ripple
Input regulation
Load regulation
Temperature coefficient
Output voltage rise time
Hold-up time
Over current protection
Switching frequency
(110VAC/230VAC)
Electrical strength/ isolation:
Input - Output
Input - Chassis
Output - Chassis
Input - Output - Chassis
resistance
Leakage current
Operating temperature range
Weight with chassis
Approvals
Description/Value
30 W
SMPS
85 … 264 VAC
47 … 440 Hz
0.6 A
0.4 A
+36 V, adjustable ± 10%
0.9 A
81 %
(Output V × 0.01) + 50 mVp-p, max.
0.8 % max.
0.9 % max.
± 0.03 %/°C
200 ms max. at +25 °C
20 ms min. at +25 °C
Foldback, automatic recover
50 kHz/80 kHz
3 kV AC, 1 minute
2.5 kV AC, 1 minute
500 V AC, 1 minute
50 MΩ minimum
0.75 mA max.
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... 140 °F)
250 g (8.8 oz)
UL 1950
CSA 234 (IEC 950)
VDE0805
EN 60959 (IEC 950)
CE - EMC 89/336 EEC - LVD 73/23 EEC
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 121
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 45
Power Supply Unit BWC15SXZ Specifications
(Inside QMP202MP)
Property
Output power
Operating principle
Input voltage range
Frequency range
Input current on full load:
100 VAC
230 VAC
Output voltage
Output current
Efficiency
Noise and ripple
Input regulation
Load regulation
Temperature coefficient
Output voltage rise time
Hold-up time
Over current protection
Switching frequency
(110VAC/230VAC)
Electrical strength/ isolation:
Input - Output
Input - Chassis
Output - Chassis
Input - Output - Chassis
resistance
Leakage current
Operating temperature range
Weight with chassis
Approvals
Table 46
Description/Value
75 W
SMPS
85 … 264 VAC
47 … 440 Hz
1.7 A
0.9 A
+15 V, adjustable ± 10%
5A
84 %
(Output V × 0.01) + 100 mVp-p, max.
0.8 % max.
0.9 % max.
± 0.03 %/°C
300 ms max. at +25 °C
20 ms min. at +25 °C
Current limiting
135 kHz
3 kV AC, 1 minute
2.5 kV AC, 1 minute
500 V AC, 1 minute
50 MΩ minimum
0.75 mA max.
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... 140 °F)
300 g (10.6 oz)
UL 1950
CSA 234 (IEC 950)
VDE805
EN 60959 (IEC 950)
CE - EMC 89/336 EEC - LVD 73/23 EEC
12 Ah Backup Battery Specifications
Property
Type
Nominal voltage
Nominal capacity
Self discharge
Expected lifetime
Dimensions w × d × h
Weight
Description/Value
Sealed, Lead-acid
12 V
12 Ah (provides minimum of 4-hour service
length without AC power)
3%/month
4 … 5 years
151 × 98 × 94 mm (5.9 × 3.9 × 3.7 in)
4 kg (8.8 lb.)
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Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Digital Transmitter WT501
Table 47
WT501 Specifications
Property
Type
Features
Plug-in connectors
Start-up voltage
Power consumption
Modem module
Power isolation
RS-485 isolation
On board
Optional
Modem and power
Mounting
Weight
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Humidity operating and
storage
EMC
Vibration
Description/Value
Low Power Digital Transmitter running 16-bit
CPU and ADC
IP30/Nema 1 housing with screw terminals
Online configurable, parameters stored into a
non-volatile EEPROM
Separately isolated power input, serial input
and RS485 I/O
46 pcs on PCB, removable connectors with
screw terminals, 1.5 mm2 maximum wire
12 to 50 VDC. Shut down level ≤ 10 VDC,
start-up level ≥ 10 VDC 50 V abs. max
With default configuration 15 mA @ 12 VDC
in; 7.5 mA @ 24VDC including sensors
With extreme configuration 50 mA @ 12 VDC
in; 25 mA @ 24 VDC
25 mA @ 12 VDC in; 12.5 mA @ 24VDC
100 VDC peak (limited by a 100 V varistor to
unit case)
100 VDC peak (limited by a 100 V varistor to
unit case)
Opto-isolated RS-485 (2-and 4-wire) I/O
Communication module interface for nonisolated RS-232, isolated RS-485, leased-line
modem
Possibility to use modem connection where
power and modem data are on the same 2wire line.
30 mm DIN-rail
0.4 kg (14.1 oz)
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... 140 °F)
-50 ... +70 °C (-58 ... 158 °F)
2 ... 95 %RH
CE compliant
According to MIL-STD-167-1
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Modem Module DMX501
Table 48
DMX501 Specifications
Property
Modem chip
Modem chip crystal frequency
USART clock frequency
Register access
Connection
Modem protocols
Line interface
TxControl signal
Supply voltage
Current consumption
Reset / power-down
Operation
Transmit level
Maximum distance between
modules
Operating and storage
temperature
Humidity
Description/Value
73K324L
11.0592 MHz
11.0592 MHz / 2
Operated through an 8-bit bus interface
2-wire
Point-to-point line or
multidrop modem network
V.21, 300 bps FSK
V.23, 1200 / 75 bps FSK
V.22, 1200 bps DPSK
Matched to 600 Ω
Configurable
5 V (+4.75 ... +5.50 V)
9 mA
26 mA
-10 dBm
20 km (~12 mi.) with 22 AWG standard
cable
-50 ... +70 °C (-58 ... 158 °F)
0 ... 100 %RH, non condensing
124 _________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Handheld Terminal QMD101M
Table 49
QMD101M Specifications
Property
CPU
Power management
Clock speed
System integration
System RAM
FLASH storage
Display
Physical size
Pixels
Character cell size
CG set
LCD type
Option for display
Keyboard
Size
Type
Feedback
Real time clock
Interface
Data transfer rate
Handshaking
External power
Current
Size
Weight
Operating temperature
Operating humidity
Description/Value
MC68EC000
24-Bit external and 32-Bit internal address
16-Bit on-chip bus for MC68EC000 bus
operations
Static Design allows processor clock to be
stopped
16.54 MHz
16 programmable peripheral chip selects.
Interrupt controller with 13 flexible inputs.
Programmable interrupt vector generator.
Hardware and software watchdog timer.
Lower power mode control.
256 Kbytes or 1 MB SRAM
512 Kbytes, 1 MB, or 2 MB
Graphics LCD
89 x 91 mm (3.5 x 3.57 in)
160 x 160
8 x 16 (10 rows x 20 columns) or
6 x 10 (16 rows x 26 columns)
256 PC character set & 16 programmable
characters
Reflective LCD with programmable contrast
EL Backlight
25 KEYS
5 columns x 5 rows
Elastomer (Rubber Dome)
Audio speaker
24 Hour plus battery backed Month/Day/Year
14 pin quick connect micro connector or
internal
Programmable to 38.4 Kb/s
RTS/CTS, Xon/Xoff by the processor
5 ... 14 VDC unregulated, via RS-232 interface
(Pin 1 on the 9 pin RS232 D-Sub via pins 13 &
14 Micro Connector).
17 mA @ 6 VDC typical.
80 mA worst case during FLASH write.
0.6 mA sleep mode
191 x 102 x 33 mm (7.5 x 4.0 x 1.3 in) without
case expansion ring
450 g (1 lb)
-20 ... +70 °C (-4 ... 158 °F)
Max. 90 %RH non-condensing
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 125
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Heated Ultrasonic Wind Sensor
WS425
Table 50
WS425 Specifications
Property
Sensor type
Description/Value
Ultrasonic 100 kHz
Fully compensated for temperature, humidity,
and altitude.
Measuring range
0 ... 56 m/s (0 ... 125 mph, 0 ... 107 knots)
0 … 130 m/s (survival)
Delay distance
Virtually zero
Starting threshold
Virtually zero
Response
Maximum reading rate: 1 per second
characteristics
Sonic measurement time: 0.2 second
Signal processing time: 0.15 second
Response time: 0.35 second
Accuracy (wind speed)
±0.135 m/s (0.3 mph, 0.26 knots) or 3 % of
reading, whichever is greater
Accuracy (wind direction)
±2 degrees
Resolution (wind speed)
0.1 m/s (0.1 mph, 0.1 knots, 0.1 km/h)
Resolution (wind direction) 1 degree
Power (operating)
10 ... 15 VDC, 12 mA (analog)
Power (heating)
36 VDC ± 10 %, 0.7 A
Heater
Thermostatically controlled heaters in the
transducer heads prevent freezing rain or
snow build up.
Output (analog wind
10 Hz/0.894 m/s (0 ... 625 Hz at 0 ... 55.88
speed)
m/s) (frequency)
10 mV/0.558 (0 ... 1.0 volt at 0 ... 55.88 m/s)
(voltage)
Output (analog wind
(0 to Vref at 0 to 359°) (simulated
direction)
potentiometer)
1.0 ... 4.0 VDC, for 5.0 VDC reference an
additional -2° error occurs for angles greater
than 291° (reference voltage)
Available averages
1 ... 9 seconds (RS-232)
Dead band (wind direction) None
Material
Stainless steel body and sensor arms
Silicone rubber and PVC transducer heads
Operating temperature
-50 ... +50 °C (-58 ... -122 °F)
Dimensions w × d × h
250 × 286 × 355 mm (9.8 × 11.2 × 13.9 in)
Weight
1.7 kg (3.7 lb)
Mean time between failure 26 years calculated per the standard
(MTBF)
assumptions of
MIL-HDBK-217, Revision E.
EMC compliance
EMC standard EN61326-1:1997 + Am1: 1998;
Generic Environment
126 _________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Pressure Sensor PMT16A
Table 51
PMT16A Specifications
Property
Accuracy
Pressure range
Operating temperature
Description/Value
± 0.3 hPa incl. one year drift (with factory
calibration)
600 ... 1100 hPa
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... 140 °F)
Air Temperature and Relative
Humidity Sensor QMH101M
Table 52
QMH101M Specifications
Property
Range (Temperature)
Range (RH)
Accuracy (Temperature)
Accuracy (RH)
Description/Value
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... 140 °F)
0 ... 100 %
Better than ± 0.3 °C
± 2 %, 0 ... 90 %
± 3 %, 90 ... 100 %
Rain Gauge QMR101M
Table 53
QMR101M Specifications
Property
Sensor/transducer type
Funnel diameter
Orifice (opening area)
Sensitivity
Capacity
Accuracy
< 24 mm/h
< 120 mm/h
Material
Cable
Weight
Description/Value
Self-emptying tipping spoon/magnet
159.6 mm (6.28 in)
200 cm2 (31 in2)
0.2 mm (1/128 in)
144 mm/h (5.7 in/h)
<±5%
< ± 10 %
UV stabilized plastic
Included
380 g (13.4 oz)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 127
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Ceilometer CT25KAM
Table 54
CT25KAM Specifications
Property
Measurement range
25 000 ft acquisition time
Accuracy (against hard
target)
Resolution
Number of layers
Range gates
Laser
Wavelength
Eye safety
Measurement cycle
Microprocessor
DC power consumption
total
measurement unit
window blower
AC power
Interfaces
Data messages
Dimensions w × d × h
Weight
Tilt correction sensor
Window conditioner
Temperature range
Humidity
Protection class
Vibration during operation
EMC/EMI
Static
Electrical safety
Description/Value
0 ... 25 000 ft (0 ... 7.5 km)
15 s
± 2 % ± 1/2 × [resolution]
50 ft
Up to 5
500
Pulsed diode, InGaAs MOCVD
905 nm ±5 nm at 25 °C (77°F)
In compliance with IEC825 and 21CFR1040
Programmable 15 ... 120 s
Intel 16-bit CMOS 80C188EB
20 W
15 W
5W
115 or 230 VAC, 45 ... 65 Hz
max. 240 W including heating, ± 15 %
RS-485
Cloud hits and status only. Cloud hits, status,
internal monitoring data, and full backscatter
profile.
316 × 256 × 710 mm (12 × 10 × 28 in)
14.5 kg (32 lb.)
Correction 0 ... 60°
Automatic window blower and protection
shield.
-50 ... +60 °C (-58 ... 140 °F)
0 ... 100 % RH
IP65
0.5 G, 10 ... 500 Hz (IEC68-2-6 FC)
CISPR 22B/FCC 15 Part J or
IEC801-5 (2 kV), 3 V/m 14 kHz-1 GHz
IEC801-3
IEC 801-4 Level 3
8 kV (IEC801-2 Level 4)
EN60950
128 _________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Present Weather Detector PWD11A
Table 55
PWD11A Present Weather Detector Specifications
Property
Measurement range of
MOR
Accuracy
Description/Value
10 ... 20 000 m (32 ... 65 600 feet)
±10 %, range 10 ... 10 000 m (<32800 ft)
±15 %, range 10 ... 20 km (32800 ... 65600 ft)
15 W without heating,
max 20 W 10 ... 50 VDC
60 seconds
15 seconds
0.05 mm/h or less, within 10 minutes
Maximum power
consumption
Time constant
Update interval
Precipitation detection
sensitivity
Weather type identification 7 different types of precipitation (rain, freezing
rain, drizzle, freezing drizzle, mixed rain/snow,
snow, ice pellets)
Precipitation (unknown type)
Fog (mist), haze (smoke, sand) or clear
Weather type reporting
WMO code table 4680
Code letters for precipitation, NWS (National
Weather Service, USA)
Precipitation intensity
Range 0.00 ... 999 mm/h
measurement
Accuracy ±30 % (range 0.5 ... 20 mm/h, liquid
precipitation)
Sun orientation
Sunlight into the light receiver must be
avoided
Material
Anodized aluminum, black
Wind speed
Up to 60 m/s (116 knots)
Operating temperature
-40 ... +55 °C (-40 ... 131 °F)
range
Operating humidity range
Up to 100 %RH
Dimensions w × d × h
720 × 320 × 220 mm (28.3 × 12.6 × 8.66 in)
Weight
2.8 kg (6.17 lb.)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 129
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Lightning Detector SA20M
Table 56
SA20M Specifications
Parameter
Types of strikes detected
Maximum processing rate
Operational Limits
Range
Bearing
Resolution:
Range
Bearing
Ranging accuracy
Directional accuracy
Power
Transient voltage surge
protection
Weight
Dimensions w × d × h
Temperature
Humidity
Standards
Description/Value
Cloud-to-cloud
Cloud-to-ground
5 000 strikes per minute
0 ... 90 km (0 ... 50 nmi.)
0º ... 360º
2 km (1 nmi.)
1 degree
± 1 km (0 ... 28 km); ± 0.5 nmi. (0 ... 15 nmi.)
± 2.4 km (28 ... 55 km); ± 1.3 nmi. (15 ... 30
nmi.)
± 5º
10 ... 18 VDC, 7 W, 0.5 A (typ) @ 13.8 VDC
All lines
3.6 kg (8 lb.)
310 x 310 x 130 mm (16 x 16 x 5 in)
-35 ... +55 °C (-30 ... 130 °F)
5 ... 100 %RH condensing
FAA Advisory Circular 150/5220-16
RTCA/DO-191
TSO-C110a
Obelux Obstruction Light
Table 57
Obelux Obstruction Light Specifications
Property
Intensity
Radiation pattern
Illumination threshold
RF-radiation
LEDs
Power consumption
Current consumption
Height
Diameter
Glass cover thickness
Operating temperature range
Description/Value
17 cd typical
360° horizontal
50° vertical
200 lux (adjustable)
None
14 separate groups
<2W
< 0.17 A
235 mm (9.25 in)
120 mm (4.72 in)
5 mm (0.2 in)
-55 ... +55 °C (-67 ... 130 °F)
130 _________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Tiltable Pole Mast
Table 58
DKP210AV-T Specifications
Property
Height
Maximum wind speed
with two sets of guy wires
Diameter
Lowest section (0 ... 1.9 m)
Second section (1.9 ... 4.9 m)
Third section
Highest section
Top of the mast
Mast tubes and lifting rod
Pedestal tube and hinge
Other parts, e.g., bolts
Guy wires
Material
Breaking strength
Marking
Foundation set
Material
Thread of foundation bolts
Length of foundation bolts
Wedge bolts
Coating/Painting
Pedestal tube and hinge
Aluminum parts
Steel parts
Stainless steel parts
Mast concrete base
Weight (pole with winch)
Description/Value
10 m (32.8 ft)
67 m/s (130 knots)
100 mm (3.94 in)
75 mm (2.95 in)
63 mm (2.48 in)
50 mm (1.97 in)
60 mm (2.36 in)
Aluminum alloy
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
28 kN (6 295 lbf)
Black and yellow colored cable shrouds
to the height of 2 meters from the ground
Galvanized steel
M20
300 mm (11.8 in)
M20, cast or drilled into concrete using
the provided orientation plate as a guide
Corrosion-resistant powder coating
Anodized and painted
Galvanized
Uncoated
Soil bearing capacity must exceed
45 kPa
125 kg (276 lb)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 131
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 59
DKP206AV-T Specifications
Property
Height
Maximum wind speed
With one set of guy wires
Diameter
Lowest section (0 ... 1.9 m)
Second section (1.9 ... 4.9 m)
Highest section
Top of the mast
Mast tubes and lifting rod
Pedestal tube and hinge
Other parts, e.g., bolts
Guy wires
Material
Breaking strength
Marking
Foundation set
Material
Thread of foundation bolts
Length of foundation bolts
Wedge bolts
Coating/Painting
Pedestal tube and hinge
Aluminum parts
Steel parts
Stainless steel parts
Mast concrete base
Weight (pole with winch)
Description/Value
6 m (19.7 ft)
65 m/s (126 knots)
100 mm (3.94 in)
75 mm (2.95 in)
63 mm (2.48 in)
60 mm (2.36 in)
Aluminum alloy
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
28 kN (6 295 lbf)
Black and yellow colored cable shrouds
to the height of 2 meters from the ground
Galvanized steel
M20
300 mm (11.8 in)
M20, cast or drilled into concrete using
the provided orientation plate as a guide
Corrosion-resistant powder coating
Anodized and painted
Galvanized
Uncoated
Soil bearing capacity must exceed
45 kPa
105 kg (231 lb)
132 _________________________________________________________________ M210455EN-B
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
TM32 Radio Modem
Table 60
TM32 Radio Modem Specifications
Property
Interface
Power
Link rate
Transmission protocols
Modulation
FEC protocol
General radio specifications
Transmitter
Receiver
RF connector
Type acceptance
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Vibration/Shock
Enclosure
Dimensions w × d × h
Weight
Description/Value
RS-232 compatible interface. User
configurable for common baud rates to
38,400 and parity. Interface does not
require hardware handshake control.
External power supply range of 10 ... 26
VDC.
RF - 1.2W, 10.2W during TX.
2400 or 4800 baud (optionally 9600
baud)
Fast asynchronous, transparent, packet
switched, digipeater, or TDMA.
Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying (GMSK)
baseband modulation with programmable
transmit BT of 0.5 or 0.3.
Hamming code (12,8) with data interleave
for burst error correction up to 20
consecutive bits in transparent and
packet modes of operation.
Synthesized frequency control. Channel
spacing resolution of 6.25, 12.5 kHz, or
25kHz depending on model. Frequency
stability of 5 ppm.
Modulation distortion <5%. Duty cycle
100%. Transmitter attack time 10 ms.
Spurious and harmonic FM -55 dBc. FM
hum and noise -40 dB.
Sensitivity -114 dBm (12 dB SINAD).
Adjacent channel selectivity -60 dB (25
kHz). Spurious and image rejection -60
dB. Intermodulation -60 dB. FM hum and
noise -40 dB. Conducted spurious -57
dBm.
Environmentally sealed BNC (50 W)
All models are type accepted and
certified for operation in the U.S. and
Canada.
-22 ... 140 °F (-30 ... +60 °C)
-67 ... 185 °F (-55 ... +85 °C)
IEC 68-2-55
IEC 144/855420 IP 66 Dust-tight and
watertight.
70 × 23 × 132 mm (2.75 × 0.9 × 5.2 in)
255 g (9 oz) excluding cable
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 133