Repotec 16 Gigabit L2 Managed Switch User`s manual

Gigabit Management Switch
User's Manual
Rev. 0.10-EV
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We make no warranties with respect to this documentation and disclaim any
implied warranties of merchantability, quality, or fitness for any particular purpose.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. We
reserve the right to make revisions to this publication without obligation to notify
any person or entity of any such changes.
Trademarks or brand names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective companies.
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About this manual …
This manual is a general manual for different models of our Gigabit Web Smart
Switch. They are similar in operation but have different hardware configurations.
These models are
1.
8 * TX + 2 * SFP (10G) ports model
This model supports eight TX ports and two extra SFP ports for Giagbit
Ethernet connections.
2.
16 * TX + 4 * SFP (16G) ports model
This model supports sixteen TX ports and four share SFP ports.
Port
13~16 are 1000TX RJ45 port / SFP port optional for Gigabit connection.
And they can auto-detect the connection from 1000TX RJ45 port or SFP port.
3.
24 * TX + 4 * SFP (24G) ports model
This model supports twenty-four TX ports and four share SFP ports.
Port
21~24 are 1000TX RJ45 port / SFP port optional for Gigabit connection.
And they can auto-detect the connection from 1000TX RJ45 port or SFP port.
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Contents
1.
INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................3
1.1 PACKAGE CONTENTS ....................................................................................3
2.
WHERE TO PLACE THE SWITCH.................................................................4
3. CONFIGURE NETWORK CONNECTION.........................................................5
3.1 CONNECTING DEVICES TO THE SWITCH .............................................................5
3.2 CONNECTING TO ANOTHER ETHERNET SWITCH/HUB .........................................5
3.3 APPLICATION ..................................................................................................5
4. ADDING MODULE ............................................................................................7
5. LEDS CONDITIONS DEFINITION ....................................................................8
6. MANAGE / CONFIGURE THE SWITCH ...........................................................9
6.1 INTRODUCTION OF THE MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS ...............................................9
6.2 SETTINGS WITH CONSOLE CONNECTION..........................................................12
6.2.1 Basic of the Console Interface ............................................................12
6.2.2 General Basic Commands ..................................................................15
6.2.3 Configure Mode Commands ...............................................................19
6.2.4 Interface Configuring Commands........................................................31
6.2.5 VLAN Configuring Commands ............................................................43
6.2.6 Show Commands................................................................................46
6.3 ABOUT TELNET AND SNMP MANAGEMENT INTERFACES ...................................59
6.3.1 About Telnet Management Interface ...................................................59
6.3.2 About SNMP Management Interface...................................................59
6.4 MANAGEMENT WITH HTTP CONNECTION ..........................................................60
6.4.1 System ................................................................................................61
6.4.2 SNMP .................................................................................................65
6.4.3 Security .............................................................................................67
6.4.4 Port .....................................................................................................71
6.4.5 Address Table.....................................................................................76
6.4.6 Spanning Tree ....................................................................................79
6.4.7 VLAN ..................................................................................................81
6.4.8 QoS.....................................................................................................88
6.4.9 IGMP...................................................................................................92
6.4.10 Trunk.................................................................................................94
6.4.11 Tools .................................................................................................97
7. SOFTWARE UPDATE AND BACKUP ............................................................99
A.
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................100
B.
COMPLIANCES .........................................................................................104
C.
WARRANTY ...............................................................................................105
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1.
Introduction
There are three models for the Gigabit Web Smart Switch Series –
8TX+2SFP(10G) model, 16TX+2SFP(18G) model and 24TX+4SFP(24G) model.
This Gigabit Web Smart Switch is a Layer2 Web Smart switch with lots of
advanced network functions including VLAN, trunking, spanning tree, mirror port,
rate limit and port configuration. Console is supported for some basic settings.
Web interface is for switch management. IEEE 802.1x is supported for port
security application. These functions can meet most of the management request
for current network.
1.1 Package Contents
z
z
z
z
z
One Gigabit Web Smart Switch
One AC power cord
One console cable
Two rack-mount kits and screws (*for 16TX+2SFP/24TX+4SFP models
only)
This user's manual
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2.
Where To Place the Switch
This Switch can be placed on a flat surface (your desk, shelf or table).
Place the Switch at a location with these connection considerations in mind:
z
The switch configuration does not break the rules as specified in Section 3.
z
The switch is accessible and cables can be connected easily to it.
z
The cables connected to the switch are away from sources of electrical
interference such as radio, computer monitor, and light fixtures.
z
There is sufficient space surrounding the switch to allow for proper
ventilation (the switch may not function according to specifications beyond
the temperature range of 0 to 50 degrees C).
For 16TX+2SFP/24TX+4SFP model, you can also install the switch on a 19" rack
with the rack-mount kits as the picture.
4
3. Configure Network Connection
3.1 Connecting Devices to the Switch
[ Connection Guidelines: ]
z
For 10BaseT connection : Category 3 or 5 twisted-pair Ethernet cable
z
For 100BaseTX connection : Category 5 twisted-pair Ethernet cable
z
For 1000BaseTX connection: Category 5e or 6 twisted-pair Ethernet cable
z
For TX cable connection, always limit the cable distance to 100 meters (328
ft) as defined by IEEE specification
z
If your switch has 1000BaseSX/1000BaseLX connections, you can connect
long distance fiber optic cable to the switch.
z
Because this switch supports Auto MDI/MDI-X detection on each TX port,
you can use normal straight through cable for both workstation connection
and hub/switch cascading.
3.2 Connecting to Another Ethernet Switch/Hub
This Switch can be connected to existing 10Mbps / 100Mbps / 1000Mbps
hubs/switches. Because all TX ports on the Switch support Auto MDI/MDI-X
function, you can connect from any TX port of the Switch to the MDI or MDI-X port
of another hub/switch with Straight Through or Crossover cables.
If the
switches have fiber-optic ports, you can cascade them with fiber optic cable.
3.3 Application
A switch can be used to overcome the hub-to-hub connectivity limitations as well
as improve overall network performance. Switches make intelligent decisions
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about where to send network traffic based on the destination address of the
packet. As a result, the switch can significantly reduce unnecessary traffic.
The example below demonstrates the switch ability to segment the network. The
number of nodes on each segment is reduced thereby minimizing network
contention (collisions) and boosting the available bandwidth per port.
With Web Smart function of the switch, network administrator is easy to monitor
network status and configure for different applications.
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4. Adding Module
This switch supports SFP (for 1000SX/LX/…) connectors for gigabit ports.
Because the SFP slots support hot-swap function, you can plug/unplug the SFP
transceiver to/from the SFP slot directly.
The switch can auto-detect the
gigabit connection from SFP slot.
Follow the steps for module adding and removing.
[ Add SFP Transceiver ]
1. Plug in the SFP Transceiver to SFP slot directly.
2. Connect network cable to the SFP Transceiver. If the connected devices
are working, the Link/Act LED will be ON.
[ Remove SFP Transceiver ]
Unplug the SFP Transceiver from SFP slot directly.
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5. LEDs Conditions Definition
The LEDs provide useful information about the switch and the status of all
individual ports.
[ For 8TX+2SFP / 16TX+2SFP / 24TX+4SFP Models ]
LED
Power
STATUS
ON
CONDITION
Switch is receiving power.
System
OFF
System is booting.
Yellow
System is initializing.
Green
System is running.
ON
Port has established a valid link.
Flashing
Data packets being received or sent.
Green
The connection speed is 1000Mbps.
Yellow
The connection speed is 10/100Mbps.
ON
The connection is Full Duplex.
Link / Act
FDX/Col.
Flashing
Collisions happen for Half Duplex.
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6. Manage / Configure the Switch
6.1 Introduction of the management functions
This switch is a L2 Web Smart switch. It supports in-band management function
from Http interface. Console is supported for some basic settings.
It
supports network configuration functions, like VLAN, Trunking, Port Mirror, QoS,
spanning tree and software backup/update.
Users can configuration these
functions for different network applications.
The following is a brief introduction
about these functions before the detail operation sections.
1. VLAN (Virtual LAN)
VLAN can divide the switch to several broadcast domains to prevent network
traffic between different user groups. This switch supports 802.1Q tag-based
VLAN and Port-based VLAN. Users with the same VLAN ID can transfer data
to each other. The network traffic will be blocked if they have different VLAN ID.
2. Trunk
If two switches are cascaded together, the bottleneck will happen at the
cascading connection.
If more cables could be used for the cascading
connection, it will reduce the bottleneck problem.
In normal case, switches
will become unstable because of traffic looping when more than one cable is
connected between them.
If the switches support trunk function, they can
treat these cables as one connection between them. The traffic looping will not
happen between these cables and the switches will work stable with bigger
bandwidth between them.
Notes: About redundant application
The trunk connection supports redundant function. If any trunk cable is
broken, the traffic going through that cable will be transferred to another trunk
cable automatically. For example, if traffic of user port Port 6 is assigned to
Port 1 in a Trunk and Port 1 connection breaks, Port 2 will take over the traffic
for Port 6 automatically. (It could be used for redundant application.)
3. Spanning Tree Protocol / Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
Spanning tree is a protocol to prevent network loop in network topology. If
network loop happens, it will cause switches in the network unstable because
more and more traffic will loop in the network.
If network loop happens,
spanning tree protocol will block one connection in the loop automatically.
But it will also cause a period of delay (30 seconds for STP and shorter time for
RSTP) if any network connection is changed because of the network topology
detection operation of the protocol.
Because there could be more than one switch in the network, users can
configure this function for their network spanning tree application.
4. Port Mirror
This switch operates in store-and-forward algorithm so it is not possible to
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monitor network traffic from another connection port. But the port mirror
function can copy packets from some monitored port to another port for network
monitor.
5. QoS
For Quality of Service request in a network, packets could be classified to
different forwarding priorities. For real-time network traffic (like video, audio),
it needs higher priority than normal network traffic.
With the definition of
packet priority, it could have 8 priority levels (from 0 to 7).
This switch
supports four priority level queues on each port. It could be configured for
port-based, 802.1P tagged based, or DiffServ of IP packets priority. User can
define the mapping of priority values to the priority queues.
6. Static Mac ID in ARL table
The switch can learn the Mac address from user’s packets and keep these Mac
address in the ARL table for store-and-forward table lookup operation. But
these Mac addresses will be deleted from ARL table after some time when
users do not send any packets to the switch. This operation is called aging
and the time is called aging time. It is about 5 minutes normally (it could be
changed by users.) If users want to keep a Mac address always in ARL table
on some port, they can assign the Mac address to ARL table. These Mac ID
are called Static Mac address.
This switch supports static Mac address
assignment.
The static Mac address assignment will also limit the Mac
address could be used on the assigned port only with the port security
configuration function. For example, assigning “00-00-e2-11-22-33” to Port 5
will always keep this Mac ID alive on Port 5 but also limit this Mac address could
work on Port 5 only.
Note: About Static Mac Address Filter-in (port binding) function
There is a “Mac Security Configuration” function for port security.
If it is set to
“Accept function”, only these static Mac addresses can access network through
the assigned port.
The other Mac addresses will be forbidden for network
access through that port. This function can be used for port binding security
application. Please refer to Section 6.3 for the details of the Mac address filterin operation of the switch.
7. Dynamic Mac ID Number Limit
Beside Static Mac ID Limit, there is another Dynamic Mac ID Number Limit
function for Mac address security on port. This function can limit the Mac ID
number to access network through a port. For example, five Mac ID are
allowed for Port 2. That means up to five users are allowed, but don’t care
who the users are. It is done by “Limit by Mac no.” option in “Mac Security
Configuration” function.
8. IEEE 802.1x Port Security Function
If the 802.1x function is enabled, the switch will act as an authenticator for
users accessing network through the switch.
It will need a RADIUS server for
the authentication function. Users will be asked for username and password
before network access. If the RADIUS server authenticates it, the switch will
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enable the port for network access.
This function is very useful for network
security application to prevent illegal users access network through the switch.
9. Rate Control
This function can limit the traffic rate for physical ports. The traffic could be
ingress traffic or egress traffic.
This function can limit the network bandwidth
utilization of users.
10. Private VLAN
Three kinds of VLAN are defined for this application – Primary VLAN,
Community VLAN, and Isolated VLAN. Community VLAN and Isolated VLAN
can communicate with Primary VLAN, but they cannot communicate with each
other. And users in Isolated VLAN cannot communicate with each other. This
is a special VLAN configuration. This switch supports a dedicated configure
interface for such application.
11. Software Backup/Update
This switch supports backup and update functions for its internal software and
its network configuration. It could be done in two ways.
a. From console when booting : doing by Xmodem protocol and by terminal
program for boot code and run-time code updating..
b. From web browser : doing by http protocol and by web browser for run-time
code and configuration backup/update.
c. From telnet or console command : doing by tftp protocol for run-time code
and configuration backup/update.
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6.2 Settings with Console Connection
6.2.1 Basic of the Console Interface
Please follow the steps to complete the console hardware connection first.
1.
Connect from the console port of the switch to COM port of PC with the
console cable.
2.
Start the terminal program of Windows. Create a new connection and
select COM port of PC used for the console. Set the configuration of the
terminal as [9600,8,N,1]. (You can find the terminal program in [Start] ->
[Programs] -> [Accessory Programs] -> [Communication] -> [Terminal]. If
you cannot find it, please install it from your Windows Installation Disk.
Please refer to your Windows user manual for the installation.)
3.
Power on the switch.
If everything is correct, the booting screen will appear in the terminal program
when the switch is powered on. It will stop at the following screen after some
initializing messages.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Booting Program Version 1.04.04, built at 15:25:28, Jul 21 2008
RAM: 0x00000000-0x00800000, 0x0000cc78-0x007f3000 available
FLASH: 0x05800000 - 0x05a00000, 32 blocks of 0x00010000 bytes each.
==> enter ^C to abort booting within 3 seconds ......
Start to run system initialization task...
[System Configuration]
Company Name
:
Model Name
: Switch
MAC Address
: 00:C0:F6:64:99:6F
Firmware version : 1.01.09 (built at Aug 6 2008 14:38:24)
Username:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------There are two user modes for the switch - one is administrator mode (privileged
mode), another is guest mode (normal mode).
[ administrator mode ]
The default user name and password is "admin" / ”admin”.
After login the switch, a prompt will be shown. Because this switch supports
command-line for console interface, you can press “?” to check the command list
first.
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With “?” command, you can find the command list as follow.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------#?
exit
help
history
logout
ping
quit
disable
enable
reload
show
calendar
configure
copy
#
Exit from current mode
Show available commands
Show a list of previously run commands
Disconnect
Sends ICMP echo packets to other network nodes
Quit commands
Turn off privileged commands
Turn on privileged commands
Halts and performs a warm restart
Show the counters that the system uses
Data and time information
Enter configuration mode
Copies from one file to another
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------These are the basic system commands for the switch.
For system configuring, “configure” command can enter the configure mode.
And the prompt will become ...
---------------------------------------------------------------# configure
xxxx(config)#
---------------------------------------------------------------In the configure mode, the general configuration of switch can be done. And
“exit” command can leave this mode.
If settings for port, “interface” command is used. And the prompt will become ...
---------------------------------------------------------------xxxx(config)# interface ethernet 1/5
xxxx(config-if)#
---------------------------------------------------------------“ethernet 1/5” means Ethernet interface 1, port 5. And “exit” command can leave
this mode.
“interface” command has another sub-command “vlan”.
can be configured in this mode.
----------------------------------------------------------------
IP address of the switch
xxxx(config)# interface vlan 10
xxxx(config-if)#
---------------------------------------------------------------[ guest mode ]
If “guest” / “guest” is used for username / password, the console inerface will
enter guest mode. Its prompt is ended with “>”. With “?” command, you can
find the command list as follow.
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-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------->?
exit
help
history
logout
ping
quit
show
>
Exit from current mode
Show available commands
Show a list of previously run commands
Disconnect
Sends ICMP echo packets to other network nodes
Quit commands
Show the counters that the system uses
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In guest mode, it is allowed to view the switch configuration only.
configure commands are supported.
No setup/
[ function keys of console interface ]
[Tab] key: this key can help to get the full command keyword with just several
beginning letters. For example, “cal-Tab” will get the full “calendar” command
word.
[Esc] key: this key can use to break message display and go back to command
prompt.
[Up-Arrow] key: this key can get last input command.
[Down-Arrow] key: this key can get next input command.
[Left-Arrow]/[Right-Arrow] key: the key can move the cursor.
[Backspace] key: this key can delete the letter in front of cursor
[?] key: this key can get the command list.
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6.2.2 General Basic Commands
When “admin” / “admin” is used for username/password, the console will enter
administrator mode. Enter “?”, command list will be shown.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------#?
exit
Exit from current mode
help
Show available commands
history
Show a list of previously run commands
logout
Disconnect
ping
Sends ICMP echo packets to other network nodes
quit
Quit commands
disable
Turn off privileged commands
enable
Turn on privileged commands
reload
Halts and performs a warm restart
show
Show the counters that the system uses
calendar
Data and time information
configure
Enter configuration mode
copy
Copies from one file to another
#
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. exit command
This command is used to leave current operation mode. It will do logout at this
basic command interface.
2. help command
This is a help command and the console will prompt with all available
commands.
3. history command
This command will show the history of entering commands.
4. logout command
This is a logout command.
5. ping command
User can use this command to ping another network device to verify the
network connection and activity. (It is similar to the ping command in MSDOS.)
15
Enter “ping ?” at the prompt, the command syntax will be shown.
# ping ?
Syntax: ping [-n count] [-l length] [-t] [-w timeout] ip
-n count : Number of echo requests to send.
-l length : Send buffer size, and length is between 64~8148
-t
: Ping the specified host until stopped by <ESC> key.
-w
: Timeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply.
ip
: IP address (xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx)
For example, “ping 192.168.1.80”. “Esc” can be used to break continuous ping
operation.
6. quit command
This command is used to quit the console interface.
7. disable command
This command is used to leave privileged mode, and the prompt will become
“>”. Only the guest access right is available.
8. enable command
This command is used to enter privileged mode, and the prompt will become
“#”. And the administrator access right is available.
9. reload command
This command is used to reset switch. It will halt and perform a warm restart
Enter “reload” at the prompt, you will be asked to confirm the action.
# reload
Are you sure to reset switch now?(Y/N)
If “y” is entered, the switch will reboot. If “n” is entered, just leave and no any
action will go.
10.
show command
This command is used to show current system information and system
configuration.
Enter “show ?” at the prompt, the sub-command list will be shown.
# show ?
calendar
dot1x
gvrp
history
interface
ip
lacp
line
Date and time information
802.1x content
GVRP configuration
History information
Interface information
IP information
LACP statistics
TTY line information
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logging
mac-address-table
mac-security
management
map
port
queue
radius-server
rate-limit
snmp
sntp
spanning-tree
system
trunk
version
vlan
Login setting
Configuration of the address table
MAC Security Configuration
Management IP filter
Maps priority
Port characteristics
Priority queue information
RADIUS server information
Configures rate-limits
Simple Network Management Protocol statistis
Simple Network Time Protocol configuration
Spanning-tree configuration
System information
Trunk information
System hardware and software versions
Virtual LAN settings
With sub-commands, different configuration settings will be displayed.
More help information for them will be prompted with “show xxxx ?” (xxxx is the
sub-command). For example, entering “show ip ?” will get the prompt
message...
# show ip ?
igmp
interface
redirects
IGMP snooping
Interface information
Default gateway configured for this device
And entering “show ip igmp ?” will get next help message...
# show ip igmp ?
snooping
IGMP snooping configuration
And entering “show ip igmp snooping” will get the IGMP settings...
# show ip igmp snooping
IGMP Status:
Disable
IGMP Querying:
Disable
IGMP Querying:
Disable
IGMP Query Interval:
125
seconds
IGMP Report Delay:
15
seconds
IGMP Query Timeout:
255
seconds
If the display is more than one console page, “Esc” can be used to break the
display.
For the details, please refer to section 6.2.6 Show commands.
11.
calendar command
This command is used to set the system time. It is entered in the <hour minute
second month day year> order.
For example,
# calendar set 10 30 0 october 15 2008
# show calendar
Current Time : 2008/10/15-10:30:18
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It is 18 seconds passby after the setting command.
12.
configure command
This command will change the console interface to configure mode. And the
prompt will become “(configure)#”. In this mode, administrator can do system
configuration of the switch.
The operation of configure mode will be describe in next section.
“exit” command can be used to quit this operation mode.
13.
copy command
This command is used to backup system configuration/firmware to TFTP server,
restore system configuration from TFTP server, and update firmware from TFTP
server.
Here are the examples.
Backup configuration to TFTP server at 192.168.1.10 ...
# copy config running-config tftp 192.168.1.10
Backup firmware to TFTP server at 192.168.1.10 ...
# copy firmware running-firmware tftp 192.168.1.10
Restore configuration from TFTP server at 192.168.1.10 ...
# copy config tftp running-config 192.168.1.10
Update firmware from TFTP server at 192.168.1.10 ...
# copy firmware tftp running-firmware 192.168.1.10
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6.2.3 Configure Mode Commands
Entering “configure” command at console interface, the prompt will become ...
“(configure)#”.
All the general settings for the switch can be done in this mode.
If the settings are for ports, it is done with “interface” command in configure mode.
For example, “interface ethernet 1/5” is for settings on Port 5 and “interface
ethernet 1/5,6,10-15” is for settings on Port 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. Please
refer to next section for the details of this command.
Enter “?” at the prompt, the sub-command list will be shown.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(config)# ?
exit
help
history
logout
quit
automode
default
dot1x
end
hostname
interface
ip
lacp
logging
mac-address-table
management
mirror
no
prompt
qos
queue
radius-server
rate-limit
snmp-server
sntp
spanning-tree
storm-control
trunk
username
vlan
Exit from current mode
Show available commands
Show a list of previously run commands
Disconnect
Quit commands
Set Auto Negotiation or Auto Detect mode
Restore to factory default setting
Configures 802.1x port-based access control
Exit from configure mode
Sets system's network name
Enters privileged interface configuration
Global IP configuration sub commands
Configures LACP status
Modifies message logging facilities
Configuration of the address table
Specifies management IP filter
Configuration of mirror
Negates a command or sets its defaults
Sets system's prompt
Configuration of QoS
Assigns priority queues
Configures login to RADIUS server
Configures rate-limits
Modifies SNMP server parameters
Simple Network Time Protocol configuration
Configures spanning tree parameters
Configures storm control
Configures trunk function
Establishes user name authentication
Switch Virtual LAN interface
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. exit command
This command is used to leave current operation mode. Go back to last
mode.
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2. help command
This command is used to show all the available commands in this mode.
3. history command
This command is used to show the entering command history.
4. logout command
This command is used to logout from console interface.
5. quit command
This command is used to quit from console interface. It has the same function
as logout.
6. automode command
With the command, user can select the operation mode of port when “auto” is
set to disabled.
For “Auto Negotiation” mode, the switch will disable port auto-negotiation
function when the auto function of port (in Port Configuration setting) is
disabled.
For “Auto Detect” mode, the switch will always keep port auto-negotiation
function ON but just modify its attribution if auto function of port (in Port
Configuration setting) is disabled.
For applications, you should select “Auto Detect”mode if the connected device
is auto-negotiation enabled. (For example, customer’s PC is auto-negotiation
enable and you want to set his network connection to work at 10Mbps.)
And you can select “Auto Negotiation”mode if the connected device is autonegotiation disabled (it is called forced mode, sometimes). Some old TX-FX
Converters needs to work in this mode because FX supports 100/Full forced
mode only. For most applications, “Auto Detect” mode is OK.
With “automode ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# automode ?
detect
negotiation
Auto Detect mode
Auto Negotiation mode
automode detect command will set it to auto-detect mode.
automode negotiation command will set it to auto-negotiation mode.
7. default command
This command is used to restore factory default settings.
confirm message wil be prompted.
20
Before start it, a
8. dot1x command
This command is used configure the general settings of 802.1x function of the
switch. Entering “dot1x ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# dot1x ?
authcount
Set 802.1x Re-authentication Max Count
max-req
Max EAP request/identity packet retransmissions
re-authentication
Forces re-authentication on all ports/interfaces
system-auth-control Enables/disables 802.1x to change port modes
timeout
Timeout value
dot1x authcount x command is used to set max count for re-authentication
request in the re-authentication process. If the max count is met, it will
become un-authentication state. The valid value of “x” is 1~10.
dot1x max-req x command is used to set max request timeout count between
the switch and RADIUS server before authentication fail. The valid value of “x”
is 1~10.
dot1x re-authentication command is used to force re-authentication on all
ports.
dot1x system-auth-control command is used to enable 802.1x function on the
switch. And no dot1x system-auth-control command can be used to disable
it.
dot1x timeout ... command is used to setup timeout values in 802.1x operation.
Entering “dot1x timeout ?”, the sub-command will be shown.
(config)# dot1x timeout ?
quiet-period
Time after Max Request Count before gets new client
re-authperiod
Time after connected client must be re-authenticated
server-period
Time after an authenticator sends a RADIUS Access-Request
packet to the authentication server
supplicant-period
Time after an authenticator sends an EAP-Request/ MD5
Challenge frame to a supplicant
tx-period
Time switch waits before re-transmitting EAP packet
dot1x timeout quiet-period x command is used to set the quiet time value
between the switch and the user before next authentication process when
authentication fail. The valid value of “x” is 0~65535.
dot1x timeout re-authperiod x command is used to set the timeout period
for doing re-authentication process. The valid value of “x” is 0~65535.
dot1x timeout server-period x command is used to set the request timeout
value between the switch and RADIUS server. The valid value of “x” is
0~65535.
dot1x timeout supplicant-period x command is used to set the timeout
value between the switch and users (called “supplicant” in 802.1x) after first
identification. The valid value of “x” is 0~65535.
dot1x timeout tx-period x command is used to set the timeout value for the
identification request from the switch to users. The request will be re-tried
until the authcount is met. After that, authentication fail message will be sent.
The valid value of “x” is 0~65535.
21
Note:
Setting 802.1x function on ports, “dot1x” command in interface configuring
mode is used.
Setting for RADIUS server, “radius-server” command is used.
Please refer to sections for the commands.
9. end command
This command is used to exit from configure mode.
10.
hostname command
This command is used to set the name of the switch in network. This name is
also used as the hostname for SNMP agent function of the switch.
11.
interface command
This command is used to entering interface configuring mode. There are
two sub-commands for it - one is “ethernet”, it is for port setting, another is
“vlan”, it is for VLAN groups characteristics setting.
(config)# interface ?
ethernet
vlan
Ethernet port
Switch Virtual LAN interface
All the port setting commands are put in interface configuring mode - like ratelimit setting, speed-duplex setting, .... And characteristics settings for VLAN
groups are also done in interface configuring mode - like IP address
assignment.
For example, the console will enter interface configuring mode for Port 5 with
“interface ethernet 1/5” command. And the prompt will become ...
(config)# interface ethernet 1/5
(config-if)#
With “interface ethernet 1/5,6,10-13”, the console will enter interface configuring
mode for Port 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13. And all the settings will be applied to those
ports at the same time.
The description of commands in interface configuring mode is put in Section
6.2.4 Interface Configuring Commands. Please refer to the section for the
details.
12.
ip command
This command is used to configure some IP-depending functions. Entering
“ip ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# ip ?
default-gateway
http
igmp
Specifies the default gateway
HTTP server configuration
IGMP protocol
22
ip default-gateway x.x.x.x command is used to specify the default gateway for
IP configuration of the switch. x.x.x.x is the IP address of the gateway device.
ip http ... comand is used to configure http service of the switch.
Entering “ip http ?”, the sub-command will be shown.
(config)# ip http ?
secure-server
server
Enable secure HTTP server
Enable HTTP server
ip http secure-server command is used to enable the SSL function of http
service (https) of the switch. And no ip http secure-server command can
be used to disable it.
ip http server command is used to enable http service of the switch. And no
ip http server command can be used to disable it.
Because hacker or worm/virus (like ColdRed) often attacks http server, this
command is provided to enable/disable http to prevent it. (If this switch is
installed in public Internet without any firewall protection, we suggest users to
disable the http interface and use Telnet or SNMP instead.)
ip igmp ... command is used to configure IGMP operation of the switch.
Entering “ip igmp snooping ?”, the sub-command will be shown.
(config)# ip igmp snooping ?
mrouter
Multicast router
query
Enable IGMP query function
query-interval
Configures query interval
query-max-response-time Configures the report delay
router-port-expire-time Configures router port expire time
unregflood
Enable IGMP unregister flood function
<cr>
ip igmp command is used to enable IGMP function of the switch. And no ip
igmp command can be used to disable it.
ip igmp snooping mrouter ethernet 1/x command is used to set the port
that connecting to the IP Multicast router (the IGMP active device). “x” is the
port number.
ip igmp snooping query command is used to enable the IGMP query
function. And no ip igmp snooping query command can be used to disable
it.
ip igmp snooping query-interval x command is used to set the IGMP query
time interval if query function is enabled. “x” is the time interval, and its valid
value is 60-125.
ip igmp snooping query-max-response-time x command is used to set the
maximum response time for query operation. “x” is the time interval, and its
valid value is 5-25.
ip igmp snooping router-port-expire-time x command is used to set the
time interval of router port expire time. “x” is the time interval, and its valid
value is 255-500.
ip igmp snooping unregflood command is used to enable IGMP unregister
traffic flooding function. And no ip igmp snooping unregflood can be used
to disable it. If it is enable, the unregistered (not joined) IP multicast traffic
23
will be flooded to every port. If it is disable, the unregistered (not joined) IP
multicast traffic will be flood to IGMP member ports only.
13.
lacp command
This command is used to configure LACP function of the switch. Entering
“lacp ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# lacp ?
system-priority
Combined with MAC address to form LAG identifie
lacp system-priority x command is used to configure the system priority for
LACP operation of the switch. Its value is 1~65535 and higher numbers have
lower priority. Combining with the Mac address of the switch, it is used to
identify this switch in LACP protocol operation.
14.
logging command
This command is used to configure logging function of the switch. The logging
function can record events at local flash or remote log server. Entering
“logging ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# logging ?
log-level
on
remote-log
Log level
Enable logging to all supported destination
Enable logging to remote host
logging log-level x command is used define the log level of events. The valid
value of “x” is 0~7.
logging on command is used to enable the logging function. And no logging
on command is used to disable the logging function.
logging remote-log command is used to configure remote logging function.
Entering “logging remote-log ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# logging remote-log ?
<1-5>
Index
<cr>
logging remote-log command is used to enable the remote logging function.
Events will also be sent to syslog servers. no logging remote-log
command is used to disable it.
logging remote-log x host y.y.y.y command is used to set IP address
(y.y.y.y) to syslog server with index x. Up to five (x=1~5) syslog servers are
supported.
15.
mac-address-table command
This command is used to configure functions for Mac address table of the
switch. Entering “mac-address-table ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# mac-address-table ?
aging-time
Aging time for entries in the address table
static
Sets MAC address table static information
24
mac-address-table aging-time x command is used to set to aging time of the
switch. The valid value of “x”(aging time in seconds) is 10-1000000 and 0. If
x=0, the aging operation will be disable.
mac-address-table static x-x-x-x-x-x interface ethernet 1/y command is
used to assign a static Mac address x-x-x-x-x-x to Port y of the switch. The
static mac address will not be aging out by the switch.
16.
management command
This command is used to setup the management interface security function.
The management interface security function can limit the IP / subnet / remote
interfaces(http,telnet,snmp) / access right(view,modify) for management from
network. Different administrators could have different rights to manage this
switch. This is for security of this management switch. (Four user groups are
supported for this function.)
Entering “management ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# management ?
<1-4>
Index
(config)# management 2 ?
enable
Set enable for a specified set
ipaddr
Set IP and net mask for a specified set
mode
Set mode for a specified set
protocol
Set protocol for a specified set
management x enable command is used to enable the security settings for
some user groups (x is the index of the user group). And no management x
enable command can be used to disable it. And users for this setting are
allowed to manage this switch remotely.
management x ipaddr y.y.y.y z.z.z.z command is used to set the IP/subnet for
some user groups (x is the index of the user group, y.y.y.y is the IP address,
z.z.z.z is the IP subnet mask). Users in this IP subnet will belong to this users
groups.
management x mode modify/view command is used to set the access right
for some user groups (x is the index of the user group). If “management x
mode modify” command, users in this groups have “modify” right for
management. If “management x mode view” command, users in this groups
have “view” right only.
management x protocol http|snmp|telnet command is used to enable the
remote management protocol for some user groups (x is the index of the user
group). More than one protocols can be enabled at the same time - e.g.
“management 2 protocol http snmp telnet”. And no management x protocol
command is used to disable all remote management protocols for the user
group.
17.
mirror command
This command is used to enable mirror function of the switch.
command can be used to disable mirror function of the switch.
25
And no mirror
18.
no command
This command is used to disable a function or restore a setting to factory
default of the switch.
(config)# no ?
automode
dot1x
hostname
ip
lacp
logging
mac-address-table
management
mirror
qos
queue
radius-server
rate-limit
snmp-server
sntp
spanning-tree
storm-control
trunk
Set Auto Negotiation or Auto Detect mode
Configures 802.1x port-based access control
Sets system's network name
Global IP configuration sub commands
Configures LACP status
Modifies message logging facilities
Configuration of the address table
Specifies management IP filter
Configuration of mirror
Configuration of QoS
Assigns priority queues
Configures login to RADIUS server
Configures rate-limits
Modifies SNMP server parameters
Simple Network Time Protocol configuration
Configures spanning tree parameters
Configures storm control
Configures trunk function
For example,
“mirror” command can enable the mirror function and “no mirror” command
can disable it.
“ip default-gateway 192.168.1.100” will set the IP gateway of the switch to
192.168.1.100, and “no ip default-gateway” will put it to factory default setting
192.168.1.254.
19.
prompt command
This command is used to set the prompt word for console.
For example,
(config)# prompt AAA
AAA(config)#
20.
qos command
This command is used to enable QoS function of the switch. And “no qos”
can be used to disable it.
The traffic scheduling mode (strict priority - ST or weight round robin - WRR) is
selected in “queue” command. And the weighting of each queue is also set in
“queue” command if WRR is selected.
The other QoS settings on ports are configured in “interface” command.
26
21.
queue command
This command is used to select traffic scheduling mode (strict priority or weight
round robin). If WRR is selected, weighting of each queue is also set with this
command.
Entering “queue ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# queue ?
bandwidth
mode
Assigns WRR weights to QoS priority queues
Assigns priority queues
queue bandwidth x y z command is used to set the weighting of Normal,
Medium, and High priority queues for WRR operation. (Low priority queue is
always weight1). “x” is the weighting of Normal priority queue. “y” is the
weighting of Medium priority queue. “z” is the weighting of High priority queue.
And their valid number is 0~3. (0:weight1 / 1:weight2 / 2:weight4 / 3:weight8).
queue mode strict/wrr command is used to select the traffic scheduling mode.
If “strict” is selected, the higher priority queue always get bandwidth service
first. If “wrr” is selected, bandwidth is shared between queues with their
weighting.
22.
radius-server command
This command is used to configure the settings for RADIUS Server.
settings will be used in 802.1x operation.
Entering “radius-server ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
The
(config)# radius-server ?
host
Sets the port as a host port
key
Sets the RADIUS encryption key
port
Sets the RADIUS server network port
radius-server host x.x.x.x command is used to set the IP address of RADIUS
Server for 802.1x operation. “x.x.x.x” is the IP address.
radius-server key xxx command is used to set the security key to handshake
with RADIUS Server. “xxx” is the key string.
radius-server port x command is used to set the communication port of
RADIUS Server. “x” is the port number and its valid value is 1~65535.
23.
rate-limit command
This command is used to define the unit for rate limit operation. The unit could
be from 128Kbps to 30Mbps. And the rate limit on each port is done with the
level number of each port multiplied with this unit.
rate-limit unit x command is used to set the unit for rate limit operation. “x” is
the unit number and its valid value is 128-30000. (Kbps)
24.
snmp-server command
This command is used to configure SNMP operation of the switch.
27
Entering “snmp-server ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# snmp-server ?
<1-5>
Index of Trap
community
Defines SNMP community access string
contact
Sets the system contact string
location
Sets the system location string
snmp-server community get xxx command is used to set the community
string of get command for SNMP operation. “xxx” is the community string.
snmp-server community set xxx command is used to set the community
string of set command for SNMP operation. “xxx” is the community string.
snmp-server contact xxx command is used to set the contact information for
this switch. “xxx” is the contact information string.
snmp-server location xxx command is used to set the location information for
this switch. “xxx” is the location information string.
25.
sntp command
This command is used to configure SNTP protocol of the switch.
Entering “sntp ?”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# sntp ?
client
server
zone
Accepts time from specified time server
Specified one time server
Set time zone
sntp client command is used to enable SNTP protocol. And no sntp client
command can be used to disable it. If it is disabled, the system time will be got
from manual setting.
sntp server x.x.x.x command is used to set the IP address of network time
server for SNTP protocol operation. “x.x.x.x” is the IP address.
sntp zone xxx command is used to set the time zone. “xxx” is the location of
the time zone. With “sntp zone ?”, the locations will be shown.
26.
spanning-tree command
This command is used to configure spanning tree protocol of the switch.
Entering “spanning-tree”, the sub-commands will be shown.
(config)# spanning-tree ?
compatible
Compatible with old STP
forward-time
Global STA forward time configuration. Range: <4-30
seconds>
hello-time
Global STA hello time configuration. Range: <1-10
seconds>
max-age
Global STA maximum age configuration. Range <6-40
seconds>
priority
Specifies spanning tree priority
<cr>
spanning-tree command is used to enable spanning tree protocol function.
And no spanning-tree command is used to disable it.
28
spanning-tree compatible command is used to change its operation to 802.1D
STP instead of 802.1w RSTP. And no spanning-tree complatible command
is used to set it back.
spanning-tree forward-time x command is used to set the forwarding delay of
spanning tree operation. It is the maximum waiting time before changing
states. This delay is required because every device must receive information
about topology changes before it starts to forward frames. “x” is the delay
time, and its valid value is 4-30 in seconds
spanning-tree hello-time x command is used to set the period to send
spanning tree maintenance packet if the switch is the root of spanning tree.
“x” is the period time, and its valid value is 1-10 in seconds.
spanning-tree max-age x command is used to set the spanning tree aging
time if no spanning tree maintenance packet is received. “x” is the time, and
its valid value is 6-40 in seconds.
spanning-tree priority x command is used to set the bridge priority of the
switch. Bridge priority is for selecting the root device, root port, and
designated port. The device with the highest priority (lowest value) becomes the
STA root device. If all devices have the same priority, the device with the
lowest MAC address will then become the root device. “x” is the priority, and
its valid value is 0-61440.
The settings of spanning tree on port are done in “interface” command. The
settings here are for bridge only.
27.
storm-control command
This command is used to set the storm control rate. The packet storms that
could be controlled are broadcast, multicast, and unicast flooding traffic. And
the rate is counted with packet per second(pps), not bit per second(bps).
storm-control bc-rate x command is used set rate limit for broadcast traffic. “x”
is the limit rate number, and its valid value is 0-11. (0:disable, 1:1Kpps,
2:2Kpps, 3:4Kpps, 4:8Kpps, 5:16Kpps, 6:32Kpps, 7:64Kpps, 8:128Kpps,
9:256Kpps, 10:512Kpps, 11:1024Kpps)
storm-control mc-rate x command is used set rate limit for multicast traffic. “x”
is the limit rate number, and its valid value is 0-11. (0:disable, 1:1Kpps,
2:2Kpps, 3:4Kpps, 4:8Kpps, 5:16Kpps, 6:32Kpps, 7:64Kpps, 8:128Kpps,
9:256Kpps, 10:512Kpps, 11:1024Kpps)
storm-control fc-rate x command is used set rate limit for unicast flooding
traffic. “x” is the limit rate number, and its valid value is 0-11. (0:disable,
1:1Kpps, 2:2Kpps, 3:4Kpps, 4:8Kpps, 5:16Kpps, 6:32Kpps, 7:64Kpps,
8:128Kpps, 9:256Kpps, 10:512Kpps, 11:1024Kpps)
28.
trunk command
This command is used to enable trunk function of the switch. And no trunk
comand can be used to disable it.
29
The trunk function for the switch works with LACP protocol. The system
priority of LACP is set by “lacp” command. And the settings on ports is done in
“interface” command.
29.
username command
This command is used to set the username and password for administrator and
guest.
username admin www xxx yyy zzz command is used to set the username
and password for administrator. “www” is the old username. “xxx” is the old
password. “yyy” is the new username. “zzz” is the new password.
username guest yyy zzz command is used to set the username and password
for guest. “yyy” is the new username. “zzz” is the new password.
Administrator is the user who has the right to do configuration modification.
Guest is the user who has the right to view configuration only.
30.
vlan command
This command is used to enter VLAN configuring mode. And the prompt will
become ...
# vlan database
(config-vlan)#
The operations for VLAN are done in VLAN configuring mode. Please refer to
6.2.5 VLAN Configuring Commands section for the details.
30
6.2.4 Interface Configuring Commands
Commands in Configuring Mode are for general switch settings.
is “(configure)#”.
And its prompt
The port interface and VLAN interface are set with “interface” command.
(config)# interface ?
ethernet
vlan
Ethernet port
Switch Virtual LAN interface
interface ethernet 1/x command is used to configure settings for Port x. Please
refer to section 6.2.4.1 Interface Configuring Commands for Port for the
details.
interface vlan x command is used to configure VLAN x interface (“x” is the VLAN
ID). Please refer to section 6.2.4.2 Interface Configuring Commands for
VLAN for the details.
Both commands will change the prompt from “(config)#” to “(config-if)#”.
Note: The general VLAN settings are done with “vlan database” command.
Please refer to section 6.2.5 VLAN Configuring Commands for the
details. And interface vlan x command is used to assign characteristics to a
VLAN interface. For example, assigning IP address to a VLAN interface is done
with this command.
6.2.4.1 Interface Configuring Commands for Port
Commands in Configuring Mode are for general switch settings. And its prompt
is “(configure)#”.
If the settings are for ports, it is done with “interface ethernet 1/x” command in
configure mode. For example, “interface ethernet 1/5” is for settings on Port 5.
Some syntax are supported for port selection.
1. interface ethernet 1/x and “x” is port number. All the settings after this
command will be applied to this port. For example, “interface ethernet 1/5”
and all the settings after this command will be applied to Port 5.
2. interface ethernet 1/x,y,z,... and “x”, “y”, “z",.. are port number. All the
settings after this command will be applied to these ports. For example,
“interface ethernet 1/2,4,7” and the settings after this command will be applied
to Port 2, Port 4, and Port 7.
3. interface ethernet 1/x-y and “x”,”y” are port number. All the settings after
this command will be applied to ports in this range. For example, “interface
ethernet 1/4-7” and the settings after this command will be applied to Port 4,
Port 5, Port 6, and Port 7. (Port 4~7)
4. interface ethernet 1/w,x,..,y-z and “w”,”x”,”y”,”z” are port number. All the
settings after this command will be applied to those ports. For example,
31
“interface ethernet 1/1,2,4-7” and the settings after this command will be
applied to Port 1, Port 2, Port 4, Port 5, Port 6, and Port 7. (Port 4~7)
Entering “interface ethernet 1/5”, and its prompt will become ...
(config)# interface ethernet 1/5
(config-if)#
Enter “?” at the prompt, the sub-command list will be shown.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(config-if)# ?
exit
Exit from current mode
help
Show available commands
history
Show a list of previously run commands
logout
Disconnect
quit
Quit commands
channel-group
Adds a port to a trunk
description
Interface specific description
dot1x
Configures 802.1x port-based access control
duplex
Configures duplex operation
end
Exit from interface mode
flowcontrol
Enables flow control during autoneg
interface
Enters privileged interface configuration
lacp
Configures LACP status
map
Maps priority
maximum-packet-length Configures the maximum packet length of the port
no
Negates a command or sets its defaults
port
Configures the characteristics of the port
port-vlan
Configures Port-Based VLAN
qos
Configuration of QoS
rate-limit
Configures rate-limits
shutdown
Shuts down the selected interface
spanning-tree
Specifies spanning tree configuration
speed
Configures speed operation
switchport
Configures switching mode characteristics
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. exit command
This command is used to leave current operation mode. Go back to last
mode.
2. help command
This command is used to show all the available commands in this mode.
3. history command
This command is used to show the entering command history.
4. logout command
This command is used to logout from console interface.
32
5. quit command
This command is used to quit from console interface. It has the same function
as logout.
6. channel-group command
This command is used to add the interface port(s) to a trunk group. This is a
static port-trunk assignment. And the static assigned port(s) will be ignored by
LACP protocol.
channel-group x will add the interface port(s) to the trunk group “x”.
trunk group number, and its valid value is 1-8.
“x” is the
no channel-group will remove the interface port(s) from any trunk group.
7. description command
This command is used to assign a description string for the port(s).
description xxx command will assign a description string for the port(s). “xxx”
is the string.
no description command will clear the description string.
8. dot1x command
This command is used to configure 802.1x function for the interface port(s).
dot1x port-control auto command is used to set the interface port(s) to need
dot1x-aware client RADIUS server authorization.
dot1x port-control force-authorized command is used to set the interface
port(s) to grant access to all clients.
dot1x port-control force-unauthorized command is used to set the interface
port(s) to deny access to all clients.
dot1x port-control none command is used to set the interface port(s) not to
need dot1x operation.
9. duplex command
This command is used to set the duplex mode of the interface port(s). It could
be full duplex or half duplex.
Note: Half duplex is for 10M and 100M speed mode only. 1000M speed mode
don’t support half duplex.
duplex full command will set the interface port(s) to full duplex.
duplex half command will set the interface port(s) to half duplex.
33
10.
end command
This command is used to exit from interface mode.
(config-if)# end
(config)#
11.
flowcontrol command
This command is used to enable flow control function of the interface port(s).
flowcontrol command is used to enable flow control function of the interface
port(s).
no flowcontrol command is used to disable flow control function of the
interface port(s).
12.
interface command
This command is used to change the interface port(s) or interface VLAN groups
for next setup commands.
(config-if)# interface ?
ethernet
vlan
Ethernet port
Switch Virtual LAN interface
For example,
“(config)# interface ethernet 1/5” will set current setup interface to Port 5 and all
the commands will be applied to Port 5.
“(config-if)# interface ethernet 1/6-7” will change current setup interface to Port
6-7 and all the commands will be applied to Port 6-7.
If “vlan” sub-command is used, current setup interface will be changed to some
VLAN groups. For example,
“(config-if)# interface vlan 100” will change current setup interface to VLAN 100
and all next commands will be applied to VLAN 100.
The description of commands in interface configuring mode is put in Section
6.2.4 Interface Configuring Commands. Please refer to the section for the
details.
13.
lacp command
This command is used to enable LACP protocol working on the interface
port(s).
lacp command will enable LACP protocol working on the interface port(s).
no lacp command will disable LACP protocol working on the interface port(s).
If the interface port(s) are already assigned to trunk by “channel-group”
command, its LACP function will be ignored.
34
14.
map command
For a IP packet, there is priority information in ToS field of IP header. The
priority could be 3-bit precedence (0~7) or 6-bit DSCP (0~63).
For DSCP, this switch supports seven DSCP values for QoS operation and
other values will be assigned to one priority.
This command is used to map 802.1P priority values and DSCP priority values
to priority queues on the interface port(s). There are four priority queues for
each port. They are Low, Normal, Medium, and High priority queues. This
command can map the priority values to the four priority queues.
map ip dscp x y z command is used to map DSCP values to priority queues.
“x” is the index of the DSCP values and it could be 0-6 and “other”. “y” is the
DSCP value, and its valid value is 0-63. “z” is the prirority queue, and its value
is 0-3 (0:Low,1:Normal,2:Medium,3:High).
map ip precedence x y command is used to map 802.1P priority values to
priority queues. “x” is the value of IP Precedence in ToS, and its valid value is
0-7. “y” is the prirority queue and its value is 0-3 (0:Low, 1:Normal, 2:Medium,
3:High).
15.
maximum-packet-length command
This command is used to set the maximum packet size allowed on the interface
port(s). For normal Etherent packets, the packet size is 64~1514 bytes. For
some gigabit connections, “jumbo frame” is allowed for higher data transfering
efficiency. This switch supports up to 9600 bytes packet size.
(config-if)# maximum-packet-length ?
1518
max. packet length=1518
1532
max. packet length=1532
9216
max. packet length=9216
9600
max. packet length=9600
16.
no command
This command is used to disable a function or restore a setting to factory
default of the switch.
(config-if)# no ?
channel-group
Adds a port to a trunk
description
Interface specific description
dot1x
Configures 802.1x port-based access control
duplex
Configures duplex operation
flowcontrol
Enables flow control during autoneg
lacp
Configures LACP status
map
Maps priority
maximum-packet-length Configures the maximum packet length of the port
port
Configures the characteristics of the port
port-valn
Configures Port-Based VLAN
qos
Configuration of QoS
rate-limit
Configures rate-limits
35
shutdown
spanning-tree
speed
switchport
Shuts down the selected interface
Specifies spanning tree configuration
Configures speed operation
Configures switching mode characteristics
For example,
“lacp” command can enable the LACP function on the interface port(s) and “no
lacp” command can disable it.
“maximum-packet-length 9600” will set the maximum packet size to 9600, and
“no maximum-packet-length” will put it to factory default setting 1518.
17.
port command
This command can be used to setup monitor function and security function on
the interface port(s).
(config-if)# port ?
monitor
security
Monitors another interface
Specifies port security
port monitor ethernet 1/x rx command is used to add Port x to the monitored
port list. All the receive traffic from monited ports will be copied to the interface
port(s). “x” is the monitored port number. And no port monitor ethernet
1/x rx command will remove Port x from monitored port list.
For example, “port monitor ethernet 1/2 rx” command will add Port 2 to the
monitored port list., and receive traffic to Port 2 will be copied to the interface
port(s).
port security action command will set the interface port(s) to “accept” mode.
In “accept” mode, only devices/PC with static Mac addresses assigned on the
interface port(s) can access network through the interface port(s). Other
devices/PC will be rejected.
port security max-mac-count x command is used to set the maximum Mac
address number allowed on the interface port(s). “x” is the maximum number
and its valid value is 0-8192. For example, x=5 will allow up to five network
devices / PC access network through the interface port(s).
And the port security will be set to this operation mode with this command.
no port security command can be used to disable the security function on the
interface port(s).
18.
port-vlan command
This command is used to assign the interface port(s) to the Port-based VLAN,
and set the name(description) for the Port-based VLAN.
port-vlan x yyy command will assign the interface port(s) to the Port-based
VLAN, and set the name(description) to the Port-based VLAN. “x” is the index
of the Port-based VLAN. “yyy” is the name(description) for it.
36
19.
qos command
This command is used to set port-based priority on the interface port(s). And
enable 802.1P priority, DSCP priority on the interface port(s).
(config-if)# qos ?
dscp
port
precedence
enable IP DSCP priority
Port priority map
enable IP precedence priority
qos dscp command is used to enable DSCP priority operation on the interface
port(s). And no qos dscp command is used to disable it.
qos precedence command is used to enable 802.1P priority operation on the
interface port(s). And no qos precedence command is used to disable it.
qos port x command is used to set port-based priority on the interface port(s).
“x” is the priority queue, and its value is 0-3 (0:Low, 1:Normal, 2:Medium,
3:High).
Note: If DSCP priority, 802.1P priority and Port-based priority are enabled on
the interface port(s) at the same time, its decision flow is DSCP -> 802.1P ->
Port-base.
20.
rate-limit command
This command is used to set the ingress and egress rate limit level of the
interface port(s). The working rate limit number is counted with (rate limit
level)x(rate limit unit).
The rate limit unit is set by “rate-limit unit x”
command in general configuring mode (under “(config)#” prompt). And the
rate-limit level is set by this command.
rate-limit input level x command is used to specify the ingress rate-limit level
of the interface port(s). “x” is the level number and its valid value is 0~31. If
“x”=0, it means “no limit”.
rate-limit output level x command is used to specify the egress rate-limit level
of the interface port(s). “x” is the level number and its valid value is 0~31. If
“x”=0, it means “no limit”.
21.
shutdown command
This command is used to disable the interface port(s).
shutdown command is used to disable the interface port(s).
no shutdown command is used to enable it.
22.
spanning-tree command
This command is used to configure spanning tree function on interface port(s).
37
(config-if)# spanning-tree ?
cost
Specifies spanning tree cost
edge-port
Specifies spanning tree edge port
port-priority
Specifies spanning tree port priority
spanning-disabled
Disables the spanning tree
spanning-tree cost x command is used to set spanning tree port path cost
value on the interface port(s). It is used to determine the best path between
devices if looping happens. Lower values will be forwarded and should be
assigned to ports with fast connections. Higher values will be blocked and
should be assigned to ports with slow connections. “x” is the cost value and
its valid value is 1~65535. The suggestion values are 100(50~600) for 10M,
19(10~60) for 100M and 4(3~10) for 1000M connections.
spanning-tree edge-port command is used to set the interface port(s) as edge
port. And no spanning-tree edge-port command is used to set it as nonedge port. “Edge port” means the interface port(s) are connected to end
device(s) but not switch-to-switch connection.
spanning-tree port-priority x command is used to set the spanning tree port
priority value on the interface port(s). “x” is the port-priority value and its valid
value is 0~240. If the path cost for all ports on a switch are the same, the port
with the highest priority (lowest value) will be forwarded when looping happens.
If more than one port have the same highest priority, the port with lowest port
number will be forwarded.
spanning-tree spanning-disabled command is used to disable spanning tree
function on the interface port(s). And no spanning-tree spanning-disabled
command will enable it.
23.
speed command
This command is used to set the operation speed of the interface port(s).
(config-if)# speed ?
auto
10
100
1000
Set port speed to be auto
Set port speed to be 10M
Set port speed to be 100M
Set port speed to be 1G
speed auto command will set the interface port(s) to auto-negotiation mode.
speed 10 command will set the interface port(s) to 10M speed.
speed 100 command will set the interface port(s) to 100M speed.
speed 1000 command will set the interface port(s) to 1000M(gigabit) speed.
24.
switchport command
This command is used to configure some switch function characteristics for the
interface port(s).
(config-if)# switchport ?
acceptable-frame-types Specifies frame type
allowed
Configures the VLAN port list
38
mode
native
private-vlan
untag-vid
Configures the port mode
Configures the PVID of the port
Private VLAN
Configures the port untag vid
[ Accept Frame Type ]
switchport acceptable-frame-types all command is used to allow the
interface port(s) to accept all types of frame.
switchport acceptable-frame-types tagged command is used to allow the
interface port(s) to accept tagged frame only. Other frame type will be
rejected.
[ VLAN Port Assignment ]
switchport allowed vlan add x command will add the interface port(s) to
VLAN x. “x” is the VLAN ID and its valid value is 1~-4094.
switchport allowed vlan remove x command will remove the interface port(s)
from VLAN x. “x” is the VLAN ID and its valid value is 1~-4094.
[ VLAN Port Mode Setting for Private VLAN ]
switchport mode private-vlan host command will set the port type of the
interface port(s) in Private VLAN as “host”. “host” port(s) could be for
Community VLAN or Isolated VLAN.
switchport mode private-vlan promiscuous command will set the port type
of the interface port(s) in Private VLAN as “promiscuous”. “promiscuous”
port(s) could be for Primary VLAN or Isolated VLAN.
no switchport mode private-vlan command will set the port type of the
interface port(s) in Private VLAN as “normal”. “normal” port(s) is for normal
802.1Q VLAN operation.
[ VLAN Port Tag/Untag Setting for 802.1Q VLAN ]
switchport mode hybrid command will set the interface port(s) as hybrid
port(s) for 802.1Q VLAN operation. If a port is defined as “hybrid”, it is a tag
port basically. But it will act as an untag port for packets working in VLAN
defined in “Untag VID”. So, it is called a hybrid port.
For example, set Port 5 as “hybrid” and its Untag VID as 10. Port 5 will act as
a tag port for all packets except packets for VLAN 10. Port 5 will act as an
untag port for packets working for VLAN 10.
switchport mode trunk command will set the interface port(s) as tag port(s)
for 802.1Q VLAN operation. Tag port will always send tagged packets and is
used for switch-to-switch cascading. It is a VLAN trunk connection because
there could be more than one VLAN working through it.
switchport mode access command will set the interface port(s) as untag
port(s) for 802.1Q VLAN operation. Untag port will always send untagged
packets and is used for switch to users connection. And its role is a “access”
connection for users
[ Port VLAN ID Setting ]
switchport native vlan x command is used to assign VLAN ID of the native
VLAN for classifying untagged frames on ingress port. “x” is the port VLAN ID
(PVID) and its valid value is 1~4094.
39
When untagged packet is received, PVID of the ingress port will be used as the
its VLAN ID.
PVID is also used as the VLAN ID for tag adding when
untagged packet is translated to tagged packet.
switchport untag-vid x command is used to set untag-VID of the port. It is
used when this port is set to “hybrid” role for 802.1Q function. And packets for
this untag-VLAN will be forwarded with untagged. Other packets will be
forwarded with tagged. “x” is the VLAN ID and its valid value is 1~4094.
[ Private VLAN xxx ]
switchport private-vlan host-association x command is used to assign this
interface port(s) to a Community VLAN. And the port type of the interface
port(s) must be “host” first.
“x” is the VLAN ID of the Community VLAN and
its valid value is 2~4094.
switchport private-vlan isolated x command is used to assign this interface
port(s) to a Isolated VLAN. And the port type of the interface port(s) must be
“host” or “promiscuous” first.
“x” is the VLAN ID of the Isolated VLAN and its
valid value is 2~4094.
switchport private-vlan mapping x command is used to assign this interface
port(s) to a Primary VLAN. And the port type of the interface port(s) must be
“promiscuous” first. “x” is the VLAN ID of the Primary VLAN and its valid value
is 2~4094.
6.2.4.2 Interface Configuring Commands for VLAN
Commands in Configuring Mode are for general switch settings. And its prompt
is “(configure)#”.
If the characteristics are for VLAN group, it is done with “interface vlan x”
command in configure mode.
For example, “interface vlan 100” is for
characteristics settings on VLAN 100.
Note: The general VLAN settings are done with “vlan database” command.
Please refer to section 6.2.5 VLAN Configuring Commands for the
details. And interface vlan x command is used to assign characteristics to a
VLAN interface. For example, assigning IP address to a VLAN interface is done
with this command.
Entering “interface vlan 100”, and its prompt will become ...
(config)# interface vlan 100
(config-if)#
Enter “?” at the prompt, the sub-command list will be shown.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
40
(config-if)# ?
exit
help
history
logout
quit
interface
ip
no
Exit from current mode
Show available commands
Show a list of previously run commands
Disconnect
Quit commands
Enters privileged interface configuration
Internet protocol
Negates a command or sets its defaults
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. exit command
This command is used to leave current operation mode.
mode.
Go back to last
2. help command
This command is used to show all the available commands in this mode.
3. history command
This command is used to show the entering command history.
4. logout command
This command is used to logout from console interface.
5. quit command
This command is used to quit from console interface. It has the same function
as logout.
6. interface command
This command is used to change the interface port(s) or interface VLAN groups
for next setup commands.
(config-if)# interface ?
ethernet
vlan
Ethernet port
Switch Virtual LAN interface
For example,
“(config)# interface ethernet 1/5” will set current setup interface to Port 5 and all
the commands will be applied to Port 5.
“(config-if)# interface ethernet 1/6-7” will change current setup interface to Port
6-7 and all the commands will be applied to Port 6-7.
If “vlan” sub-command is used, current setup interface will be changed to some
VLAN groups. For example,
“(config-if)# interface vlan 100” will change current setup interface to VLAN 100
41
and all next commands will be applied to VLAN 100.
The description of commands in interface configuring mode is put in Section
6.2.4 Interface Configuring Commands. Please refer to the section for the
details.
7. ip command
This command is used to set IP address of the switch on this VLAN. And only
users in this VLAN can access this switch with the IP address remotely.
ip address dhcp command is used to enable DHCP client function. DHCP
client function will try to get IP configuration from DHCP server in network.
And no ip address dhcp command can be used to disable it.
ip address x.x.x.x y.y.y.y command is used to set IP address of the switch on
this VLAN. “x.x.x.x” is the IP address. “y.y.y.y” is the subnet mask.
For example, “ip address 192.168.1.12 255.255.255.0” will set the IP address of
the switch on this VLAN group for remote management.
8. no command
This command is used to disable a function or restore a setting to factory
default of the switch.
(config-if)# no ?
ip
Internet protocol
For example,
“ip address dhcp” command can enable DHCP client function on the VLAN
group interface and “no ip address dhcp” command can disable it.
42
6.2.5 VLAN Configuring Commands
Commands in Configuring Mode are for general switch settings.
is “(configure)#”.
And its prompt
If the settings are for VLANs, it is done with “vlan database” command in
configure mode. And its prompt will become “(config-vlan)#”.
Entering “vlan database”, and its prompt will become ...
(config)# vlan database
(config-vlan)#
Enter “?” at the prompt, the sub-command list will be shown.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(config-vlan)# ?
exit
help
history
logout
quit
end
1q-vlan
no
port-vlan
private-vlan
vlan
Exit from current mode
Show available commands
Show a list of previously run commands
Disconnect
Quit commands
Exit from vlan mode
Configures 802.1Q VLAN
Negates a command or sets its defaults
Configures Port-Based VLAN
Private VLAN
Switch Virtual LAN interface
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. exit command
This command is used to leave current operation mode. Go back to last
mode.
2. help command
This command is used to show all the available commands in this mode.
3. history command
This command is used to show the entering command history.
4. logout command
This command is used to logout from console interface.
5. quit command
This command is used to quit from console interface. It has the same function
as logout.
43
6. end command
This command is used to exit from interface mode.
(config-if)# end
(config)#
7. 1q-vlan command
This command is used to configure 802.1Q VLAN characteristics.
(config-vlan)# 1q-vlan ?
gvrp
Enables GVRP globally for the switch
ingress-filtering
Configures frame filtering base on VLAN membership
<cr>
1q-vlan command can enable 802.1Q VLAN function. And no 1q-vlan
command can disable it.
1q-vlan gvrp command is used to enable GVRP function of 802.1Q VLAN.
This command works only if 802.1Q VLAN is enabled. And GVRP will be
disable automatically when 802.1Q VLAN is set to disable. no 1q-vlan gvrp
command can disable it.
1q-vlan ingress-filtering command is used to enable doing filtering based on
VLAN membership at ingress port instead of egress port. no 1q-vlan
ingress-filtering command can disable it.
8. no command
This command is used to disable a function or restore a setting to factory
default of the switch.
(config-vlan)# no ?
1q-vlan
port-vlan
private-vlan
vlan
Configures 802.1Q VLAN
Configures Port-Based VLAN
Private VLAN
Switch Virtual LAN interface
For example,
“1q-vlan” command can enable 802.1Q VLAN function and “no 1q-vlan”
command can disable it. “no vlan 100” command will remove VLAN 100.
9. port-vlan command
This command is used to enable Port-base VLAN. And 802.1Q VLAN
function will be disable.
port-vlan command is used to enable Port-base VLAN.
no port-vlan command can be used to disable it.
44
10.
private-vlan command
This command is used to create VLAN groups for Private VLAN and create the
associations between Primary VLAN and Community VLAN.
(config-vlan)# private-vlan 100 ?
association
Association
name
VLAN interface name
private-vlan x association y command is used to create the association
between Primary VLAN “x” and Community VLAN “y”
private-vlan x association add y command is used to add the association
between Primary VLAN “x” and Community VLAN “y”.
private-vlan x association remove y command is used to remove the
association between Primary VLAN “x” and Community VLAN “y”.
no private-vlan x association command is used to reomove all the
association for Primary VLAN “x”.
(config-vlan)# private-vlan 100 name sales ?
community
Community
isolated
Isolated
primary
Primary
private-vlan x name yyy community command is used to create a
Community VLAN with VLAN ID “x”, VLAN name “yyy” for Private VLAN
application.
private-vlan x name yyy isolated command is used to create a Isolated VLAN
with VLAN ID “x”, VLAN name “yyy” for Private VLAN application.
private-vlan x name yyy primary command is used to create a Primary VLAN
with VLAN ID “x”, VLAN name “yyy” for Private VLAN application.
no private-vlan x command can delete a Private VLAN “x”. (“x” is the VLAN
ID).
11.
vlan command
This command is used to create a 802.1Q VLAN. In this command, you have
to assign the VLAN ID and VLAN name for VLAN creation.
vlan x name yyy media ethernet command is used to create a 802.1Q VLAN
with VLAN ID “x” and VLAN name “yyy”. For example, “vlan 500 name sales
media ethernet” will create a VLAN with VLAN ID 500 and VLAN name “sales”.
And no vlan x command can remove the VLAN with VLAN ID “x”.
If VLAN “x” exists already but name “yyy” is different, the command will rename
the VLAN.
45
6.2.6 Show Commands
Show command is put in General Basic Commands for viewing system
configuration and information.
Enter “show ?” at the prompt, the sub-command list will be shown.
# show ?
calendar
dot1x
gvrp
history
interface
ip
lacp
line
logging
mac-address-table
mac-security
management
map
port
queue
radius-server
rate-limit
snmp
sntp
spanning-tree
system
trunk
version
vlan
Date and time information
802.1x content
GVRP configuration
History information
Interface information
IP information
LACP statistics
TTY line information
Login setting
Configuration of the address table
MAC Security Configuration
Management IP filter
Maps priority
Port characteristics
Priority queue information
RADIUS server information
Configures rate-limits
Simple Network Management Protocol statistis
Simple Network Time Protocol configuration
Spanning-tree configuration
System information
Trunk information
System hardware and software versions
Virtual LAN settings
1. show calendar command
This command will show current system time.
For example,
# show calendar
Current Time : 2008/08/29-11:27:12
2. show dot1x command
This command is used to show 802.1x configuration and status.
show dot1x command is used to show current 802.1x configuration and status
of each port. For example,
# show dot1x
[Port Authentication Configuration]
Port
Status
Authentication Mode
1/1
Force-Authorized
1/2
Force-Authorized
1/3
Yes
Force-Authorized
1/4
Force-Authorized
1/5
Force-Authorized
46
1/6
1/7
1/8
1/9
1/10
Force-Authorized
Force-Authorized
Force-Authorized
Force-Authorized
Force-Authorized
show dot1x configuration command is used to show 802.1x configuration and
status of the switch. For example,
# show dot1x configuration
[802.1x Configuration]
802.1x System Authentication Status: Disable
Re-authentication:
Disable
Re-authentication Timeout Period :
3600 seconds
Re-authentication Max Count:
2
Max Request Count:
2
Server Timeout Period:
30 seconds
Supplicant Timeout Period:
30 seconds
Quiet Timeout Period:
60 seconds
Tx Timeout Period:
30 seconds
3. show gvrp command
This command is used to show current GVRP configuration.
show gvrp configuration command will show current GVRP configuration.
# show gvrp configuration
GVRP configuration: Disable
4. show history command
This command is used to show the input commands history.
# show history
0. show
1. show gvrp configuration
2. show history
5. show interface command
This command is used to show port information and status.
# show interface ?
counters
status
switchport
Interface counters information
Interface status information
Interface switchport information
show interface counters command will show statistics counters for all ports.
show interface counters ethernet 1/x command will show statistics counters
for Port x. (“x” is the port number).
For example,
# show interface counters ethernet 1/3
Port: 1/3
47
==========================================
Rx Counter
Statistics
Good Unicast Frame
4109
Good Broadcast Frame
9946
Good Multicast Frame
158
Discarded Frame
0
Errors
0
Total Receive Byte Count
1549816
==========================================
Tx Counter
Statistics
Good Unicast Frame
2001
Good Broadcast Frame
18
Good Multicast Frame
0
Discarded Frame
0
Errors
0
Total Transmit Byte Count
873047
show interface status command will show port status of all ports (one after
another).
show interface status ethernet 1/x command will show port status of Port x.
(“x” is the port number).
For example,
# show interface status ethernet 1/5
Basic information:
Port type:
1000TX
Mac address:
00:C0:F6:64:99:6F
Configuration:
Name:
Port admin:
Enable
Speed-duplex:
Auto_off
Capabilities:
10half,10full,100half,100full,1000full
Broadcast storm:
Disable
Flooded unicast storm:
Disable
Multicast storm:
Disable
Flow control:
Disable
LACP:
Disable
Max MAC count:
10
Maximum Packet Length:
1518
Current status:
Link status:
Down
Operation speed-duplex:
1000Half
show interface switchport command will show function configuration of all
ports (one after another).
show interface switchport ethernet 1/x command will show function
configuration of Port x. (“x” is the port number).
For example,
# show interface switchport ethernet 1/5
Information of Eth 1/5
LACP:
Disable
Ingress rate limit:
Disable
Egress rate limit:
Disable
VLAN membership mode:
access
48
Ingress rule:
Disable
Acceptable frame type:
All frames
Native VLAN:
100
Priority for untagged traffic:Low
GVRP status:
Disable
Private-VLAN mode:
Normal
6.
show ip command
This command is used to show current IGMP configuration and switch IP
configuration.
# show ip ?
igmp
interface
redirects
IGMP snooping
Interface information
Default gateway configured for this device
show ip igmp snooping command will show current switch IGMP
configuration.
show ip igmp snooping mrouter command will show current IGMP multicast
router setting.
For example,
# show ip igmp snooping
IGMP Status:
Disable
IGMP Querying:
Disable
IGMP Querying:
Disable
IGMP Query Interval:
125
seconds
IGMP Report Delay:
15
seconds
IGMP Query Timeout:
255
seconds
# show ip igmp snooping mrouter
Type M'cast Router Ports
------ -------------------static Eth 1/
show ip interface command will show current switch IP configuration.
For example,
# show ip interface
ip:
192.168.1.11
netmask: 255.255.255.0
show ip redirects command will show current gateway setting of the switch IP
configuration.
For example,
# show ip redirects
gateway: 192.168.1.254
7. show lacp command
This command is used to show current LACP configuration of the switch.
# show lacp ?
49
internal
portstatus
sysid
Shows config settings/operational state for local side
Shows LACP Port Status
Shows channel groups system priority/MAC address
show lacp internal command is used to show system priority and protocol
enable/disable status of ports.
# show lacp internal
[Lacp Port Configuration]
System Priority: 65535
Port Protocol Enabled
------- -----------------Eth 1/1
Disable
Eth 1/2
Disable
Eth 1/3
Disable
Eth 1/4
Disable
Eth 1/5
Disable
Eth 1/6
Disable
Eth 1/7
Disable
Eth 1/8
Disable
Eth 1/9
Disable
Eth 1/10
Disable
show lacp portstatus command is used to show LACP working status of ports.
# show lacp portstatus
[ LACP Port Status ]
Port Protocol Active
1
no
2
no
3
no
4
no
5
no
6
no
7
no
8
no
9
no
10
no
Partner Port Number
Operational Port Key
show lacp sysid command is used to show system ID of the switch for LACP
protocol.
# show lacp sysid
32768,00C0.F664.996F
8.
show line command
This command is used to show current console line configuration.
show line console command is used to show current console line
configuration.
# show line console
Password threshold: open-end time
Baudrate: 9600
Databits: 8
Parity : NONE
Stopbits: 1
50
9.
show logging command
This command is used to show current system log and system log configuration.
# show logging ?
configuration
<cr>
logging configuration
show logging command is used to show current system log content.
For example,
# show logging
[5] Thu Jan 01 09:00:02 1970
Level: 4 System Started [port 0]
[4] Thu Jan 01 09:08:20 1970
Level: 4 Link down [port 8]
[3] Thu Jan 01 09:07:50 1970
Level: 4 Link up [port 8]
[2] Thu Jan 01 09:07:45 1970
Level: 4 Link down [port 8]
[1] Thu Jan 01 09:00:06 1970
Level: 4 System Started
show logging configuration command is used to show current system log
configuration.
For example,
# show logging configuration
[System Log]
System Log Status
: Disable
Log Level(0-7): 4
Remote Log
: Enable
Remote Log Server IP : Empty
10. show mac-address-table command
This command is used to set Mac address table and configuration about it.
# show mac-address-table ?
aging-time
Aging time for entries in the address table
address
Address information
interface
Ethernet or port channel-interface
multicast
Knowns multicast addresses
<cr>
show mac-address-table command will show mac address content.
For example,
# show mac-address-table
Interface
MAC Address
VLAN
Type
=================================================
Eth 1/3
00-00-01-00-00-20
Learned
Eth 1/3
00-0E-A0-00-03-28
Learned
Eth 1/3
00-90-08-A7-76-C6
Learned
Eth 1/3
00-C0-F6-01-11-40
Learned
Eth 1/3
00-80-C8-BF-10-D2
Learned
51
Eth 1/3
Eth 1/3
Eth 1/3
00-C0-F6-01-15-87
00-90-CC-82-A5-D6
00-00-E2-82-8C-E6
Learned
Learned
Learned
show mac-address-table aging-time command will show aging time of mac
address table.
For example,
# show mac-address-table aging-time
Status: Enable Aging time: 300 sec
show mac-address-table address x-x-x-x-x-x command will show the mac
address table for mac address “x-x-x-x-x-x”.
For example,
# show mac-address-table address 00-00-e2-82-8c-e6
Interface
MAC Address
VLAN
Type
=================================================
Eth 1/3
00-00-E2-82-8C-E6
Learned
show mac-address-table interface ethernet 1/x command will show the mac
address table for Port x. (“x” is the port number).
For example,
# show mac-address-table interface ethernet 1/3
Interface
MAC Address
VLAN
Type
=================================================
Eth 1/3
00-00-01-00-00-20
Learned
Eth 1/3
00-90-CC-82-A5-D6
Learned
Eth 1/3
00-00-E2-82-8C-E6
Learned
Eth 1/3
00-C0-F6-01-04-28
Learned
show mac-address-table multicast command will show multicast address
table for IGMP function.
For example,
# show mac-address-table multicast
Group VID Group Address Members Port
------- ---------------------------
11. show mac-security command
This command is used to show mac address security settings on port. There
are two mac address security functions for ports. One is “accept” mode that
allows static mac addresses on ports to access network only. Another is “limit
by mac no.” mode and up to a limit number of mac addresses are allowed to
access network from the port.
For example,
# show mac-security
[MAC Security Configuration]
===========================================================
Port#
Max. MAC no. Learned no.
Security Control
Eth 1/ 1
0
N/A
No Security
Eth 1/ 2
0
N/A
No Security
52
Eth 1/ 3
Eth 1/ 4
Eth 1/ 5
Eth 1/ 6
Eth 1/ 7
Eth 1/ 8
Eth 1/ 9
Eth 1/10
0
0
10
0
0
0
0
0
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No Security
No Security
Limited by MAC no
No Security
Accept function
No Security
No Security
No Security
12. show management command
This command is used to show switch management security settings. The
IP/subnet, access mode, and protocol functions security settings will be shown.
For example,
# show management
[Management IP configuration]
Index Enabled
Address / Net Mask
Mode Http Telnet SNMP
====================================================================
1
Yes
0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0
Modify Yes Yes Yes
2
No
0.0.0.0/255.255.255.255
View No
No
No
3
No
0.0.0.0/255.255.255.255
View No
No
No
4
No
0.0.0.0/255.255.255.255
View No
No
No
====================================================================
13. show map command
This command is used to show 802.1P priority, DSCP priority, and port-based
priority to priority queues mapping. There are four priority queues on each port
of the switch.
# show map ip ?
dscp
port
precedence
IP DSCP priority map
IP port priority
IP precedence priority map
show map ip dscp ethernet 1/x command is used to show DSCP
values(0~63) to priority queues mapping on Port x. (“x” is the port number.)
show map ip port command is used to show port to priority queues mapping.
This is called port-based priority.
show map ip precedence command is used to show 802.1P priority
values(0~7) to priority queues mapping on all ports.
show map ip precedence ethernet 1/x command is used to show 802.1P
priority values(0~7) to priority queues mapping on Port x. (“x” is the port
number.)
14. show port command
This command is used to show port mirror function setting.
show port monitor command is used to show port mirror function setting.
53
For example,
# show port monitor
Destination port: 6
Source port: Eth1/2 Eth1/7
Mode
: Disable
15. show queue command
This command is used to show traffic scheduling settings for queues on ports.
# show queue ?
bandwidth
mode
Shows weighted round-robin (WRR) bandwidth
Priority queue information
show queue bandwidth command is used to show weighting of priority queues
for bandwitdh sharing of WRR operation.
show queue mode command is used to show traffic scheduling mode for
priority queues. One is Strict Priority (higher priority always get bandwidth
service first), another is WRR (Weight Round Robin, bandwidth is shared
between queues with weighting).
For example,
# show queue bandwidth
Queue Scheduling
WRR Setting Table
Priority
Traffic Class 0
Traffic Class 1
Traffic Class 2
Traffic Class 3
Weight
1
2
4
8
# show queue mode
Queue mode: Strict
16. show radius-server command
This command is used to show settings for RADIUS Server of 802.1x function.
For example,
# show radius-server
[Redius Server Configuration Menu]
Redius Server IP Address : 192.168.1.222
Redius Server Port Number : 1812
Security Key
: 12345678
17. show rate-limit command
This command is used to show rate limit settings on ports.
For example,
# show rate-limit
[Rate Control Configuration]
Port
Ingress
Egress
54
==============================================
1/1
No Limit
No Limit
1/2
No Limit
No Limit
1/3
No Limit
No Limit
1/4
No Limit
No Limit
1/5
No Limit
No Limit
1/6
No Limit
No Limit
1/7
No Limit
No Limit
1/8
No Limit
No Limit
1/9
No Limit
No Limit
1/10
No Limit
No Limit
18. show snmp command
This command is used to show SNMP configuration of the switch.
For example,
# show snmp
[SNMP Configuration]
Object ID
: 1.3.6.1.4.1.655.100.2.1
System up Time: 4015 (seconds)
System Name :
Location
:
Contact name :
Get Community : public
Set Community : private
[Trap Community]
ID Status
Community
IP Address
1 Disabled public
0.0.0.0
2 Disabled public
0.0.0.0
3 Disabled public
0.0.0.0
4 Disabled public
0.0.0.0
5 Disabled public
0.0.0.0
19. show sntp command
This command is used to show system time settings of the switch.
For example,
# show sntp
====================================
[Time Configuration]
====================================
Get Time By : Manually
Time Server : 220.130.158.54
Time Zone
: Japan(+9)(37)
Current Time : 1970/01/01-10:08:38
====================================
20. show spanning-tree command
This command is used to show spanning tree configuration of the switch.
55
show spanning-tree command is used to show all spanning tree configuration
(for bridge and ports).
show spanning-tree ethernet 1/x command is used show spanning tree
configuration of Port x. (“x” is the port number.)
For example,
# show spanning-tree ethernet 1/5
Bridge Port Number:
5
Port Priority (0..255):
128
Port State:
Linked Down
Port Enable :
Enabled
Is edge :
No
Port Path Cost(1..65535): 19
Port Designated Root:
00:00:00:00:00:00 [ 0 ]
Port Designated Cost:
0
Port Designated Bridge:
00:00:00:00:00:00 [ 0 ]
Designated Port:
5: [ 128 ]
Port Forward Transitions: 0
Port Role:
Nonstp
Point To Point:
Yes
21. show system command
This command is used to show general system configuration of the switch.
For example,
# show system
System Configuration
Main Board Information:
Firmware Version: 1.01.09 (built at Aug 6 2008 14:38:24)
Mac Address:
00:C0:F6:64:99:6F
Number of Ports:
10
1Q VLAN Max. Group: 256
DHCP Client:
Disable
Time Server:
Disable
System Log Status: Disable
Remote Log:
Enable
22. show trunk command
This command is used to show trunk configuration of the switch.
# show trunk ?
configuration
all
group
Show Trunk Configuration
Shows all Trunking Group Configuration
Shows Each Trunking Group Configuration
show trunk configuration command is used to show trunk function
enable/disable setting.
show trunk all command is used to show port member settings of all trunk
groups.
56
show trunk group x command is used to show port member settings of Trunk
Group x. (“x” is the trunk group index.)
23. show version command
This command is used to show system version information and model
information.
For example,
# show version
Serial number::
Firmware Version:
Number of Ports:
Model Name:
0000000001
1.01.09 (built at Aug 6 2008 14:38:24)
10
Gigabit L2 Management Switch
24. show vlan command
This command is used to show VLAN configuration of the switch.
# show vlan ?
private-vlan
id
name
<cr>
Private VLAN
VLAN interface
VLAN interface name
show vlan command is used to show all VLAN settings (VLAN ID, VLAN Name,
VLAN Type, and Assigned ports).
show vlan id x command is used to show VLAN setting of VLAN x. (“x” is the
VLAN ID).
show vlan name yyy command is used to show VLAN setting of VLAN yyy.
(“yyy” is the VLAN name).
For example,
# show vlan id 100
Vlan ID: 100
VLAN Type: Static
Name:
P100
Ports/Port channel:
# show vlan name P100
Vlan ID: 100
VLAN Type: Static
Name:
P100
Ports/Port channel:
show vlan private-vlan command is used to show Private VLAN setting.
For example,
# show vlan private-vlan
[Private VLAN Port Configuration]
Port#
Port Type Primary VLAN Community VLAN Isolated VLAN
==============================================================
57
Eth 1/ 1
Eth 1/ 2
Eth 1/ 3
Eth 1/ 4
Eth 1/ 4
Eth 1/ 6
Eth 1/ 7
Eth 1/ 8
Eth 1/ 9
Eth 1/10
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
none
none
none
none
100
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
58
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
6.3 About Telnet and SNMP Management Interfaces
6.3.1 About Telnet Management Interface
If you want to use Telnet to manage the switch from remote site, you have to set
the IP/Mask/Gateway address to the switch first from console. Then use "telnet
<IP>" command to connect to the switch. Its operation interface is the same as
console interface.
6.3.2 About SNMP Management Interface
If you want to use NMS to management the switch from remote site, you have to
set the IP/Mask/Gateway address to the switch and configure the SNMP setting of
the switch from console first. Then you can use SNMP management program to
manage this switch.
This switch supports SNMP v1 & v2c agent function and MIB II(Interface), Bridge
MIB, 802.1Q MIB and Private MIB.
The default GET community name is
“public” and SET community name is “private”.
This switch supports up to five trap receivers with different trap community
names.
59
6.4 Management with Http Connection
Users can manage the switch with Http Web Browser connection. Before http
connection, IP address configuration of the switch should be done first.
Please follow the instruction in Section 6.2 to complete the console connection
and use “show ip interface” command to check IP address of the switch first.
If users want to change the IP address of the switch, use “ip address
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx yyy.yyy.yyy.yyy” (xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the IP address and
yyy.yyy.yyy.yyy is the netmask) command in interface-vlan configuring mode
(under “(config-if)#” prompt) to modify the IP address of the switch. The default
IP configuration is 192.168.1.1 and mask 255.255.255.0.
After IP address configuration done and the switch is connected to network, users
can start Http connection by entering IP address of the switch to the web address
line in Web Browser.
A login screen will be prompted for user name and
password. The default user name and password is "admin" / ”admin”. Then
the management homepage will appear.
Left part of the homepage is a function list. Users can select one of them for
status monitoring or switch configuration.
Upper part of the homepage is the link status of the switch. Three different
colors are used to show different status of ports – Link Up, Link Down and Port
Disable.
Middle part of homepage is the main operation area for each function.
The details about management with http connection will be shown in the following
sub-sections.
60
6.4.1 System
“System Information” is the homepage of the switch.
functions for it.
And there are four sub-
1). System Information
This function lists the system information about the switch. You can find the
firmware version, Mac address, connection port number, and maximum VLAN
group number here.
2). IP Configuration
This function is used to setup the IP configuration of the switch.
You can enable DHCP client function to get IP configuration from DHCP server
automatically.
Or, disable DHCP client function and set IP configuration
manually.
Management VLAN : This is used to setup the VLAN ID for remote management
interface of the switch. Only users in the same VLAN can manage the switch
61
remotely.
For example, setting it to “5” will allow the users in the VLAN with
VLAN ID 5 to manage the switch remotely. It works only 802.1Q VLAN function
is enable.
About DHCP Client [renew] and [release] button ...
[renew] button: If DHCP client function is enabled, you can click [renew] button to
refresh the lease time of the IP address. If IP configuration is not got when bootup, clicking [renew] button will try to get IP configuration again.
[release] button: If DHCP client function is enabled and IP configuration is got,
clicking [release] button will release current IP configuration. After that, you can
click [renew] button to get the IP configuration again.
3). Time Configuration
There are two ways to get the system time.
a). Get time from Time Server
This switch support NTP protocol to get time from Internet time server. For such
application, you have to select “Get Time by Time Server”, input the IP of Time
Server, and select the Time Zone of your location. Then click [Apply]
If time is got from Time Server, it will be shown at “Current Time”.
For such application, you have to get the IP of Time Server from your network
administrator first.
b). Set time manually
This switch can count time internal. You can select “Get Time by Manually”, and
input current time manually. Then click [Apply].
4). Log
[Configuration]
62
Users can configure System Log function and view log records here. If this
function is enabled, the switch will record events to a log file and put the log file to
flash.
Up to 512 records are allowed for local logging.
If more than 512 events
happen, the records will be overwritten from beginning.
And if remote
syslog server is applied, the switch will also send event record to the syslog
server.
About log function configuration ...
System Log Status : This can enable/disable system logging function.
Log Level (0~7) : Log levels 0~7 are defined ad below.
Level
Name
Description
0
Emergency
System is unusable
1
Alert
Action must be taken immediately
2
Critical
Critical conditions
3
Error
Error conditions
4
Warning
Warning conditions
5
Notice
Normal but significant condition
6
Informational
Informational messages
7
Debug
Debug-level messages
Remote Log : This can enable/disable remote syslog function.
Remote Log Server IP : This is the syslog server IP for remote logging. Up to
five syslog servers is supported. Event logs will be sent to those syslog servers
at the same time.
[ Log Table ]
63
You can view log content here. There could be more than one page. You may
change the page or go to a page by its operation icons.
Clicking [clear log] button will clear the local log table.
64
6.4.2 SNMP
This function is used to configure SNMP function of the switch. This switch
supports SNMP v1 & v2c agent function and MIB II(Interface), Bridge MIB,
802.1Q MIB and Private MIB.
[System Information]
Object ID: this is the SNMP Object ID of the switch for SNMP management.
Up Time: this is the power-up running time of the switch.
Name: this the host name of the switch.
Contact: this is the contact information for the switch.
Location: this is the location information of the switch.
[SNMP -- Communities]
Get: this is the community string of GET command for SNMP operation. GET
command is used to read switch configuration/information.
Set: this is the community string of SET command for SNMP operation. SET
command is used to set switch configuration.
[SNMP — IP Trap Manager]
65
Trap function will send notice message to SNMP management station when some
events happen. Up to five SNMP management stations are supported for Trap
function.
The community string and enable/disable setting for each trap are set here.
66
6.4.3 Security
This function is used to configure security functions of the switch. Those security
functions are Administrator Management Security, Mac ID Access Security, and
802.1x Authentication Security.
1). User Accounts (Administrator Management Security)
Administrator Username/Password : This is for network administrator to
change his/her username and password. (Default is admin/admin.)
Guest Username/Password : This is used to setup the username/password of
guest-right user who just can view the setting of the switch.
[Security Policy]
This is used to setup the IP addresses that can manage this switch. They have
different access rights set in “Mode”. And the remote management interfaces
67
(Http) could be enable/disable for different administrators. This is for security
policy for switch management.
Note: Remember to enable at least one IP/Subnet with Modify right for Http
interface. Otherwise, configuring switch from remote will become impossible.
In that case, you have to use the “default” command from console to restore
settings to factory default for switch management.
2). Mac Security Configuration
There two Mac ID security modes for the switch.
One is Static Mac ID Filter on
Port, another is Dynamic Mac ID Number Limit on Port.
[ Static Mac ID Filter on Port ]
This function can limit only those static Mac addresses on the port can access
network. Other Mac addresses will be rejected by the port. Sometimes it is
called “Mac-Port Binding”.
Follow the steps to configure it.
a. Set the “Security Control” to “Accept” on those ports that will apply static Mac
ID security.
Then click [Apply].
b. Set Static Mac Addresses that are allowed for network access at [Static
Address] of [Address Table] function.
Please refer to that section for the
details.
[ Dynamic Mac ID Number Limit on Port ]
This function can limit the Mac ID number to access network through a port. For
example, five Mac ID are allowed for Port 2. That means up to five users are
allowed, but don’t care who the users are.
Follow the steps to configure it.
a. Set the “Security Control” to “Limited by MAC no.” on those ports that will
apply dynamic Mac ID number security. And set the “Max. MAC no.” to the
users number allowed on the ports.
68
b.
Then click [Apply].
The switch will learn users automatically and show current user number at
“Learned no.”.
3). 802.1x Configuration
If 802.1x function is enabled, the switch will act as an authenticator for users
accessing network through the switch. It will need a RADIUS server for the
authentication function.
Users will be asked for username and password before
network access. If the RADIUS server authenticates it, the switch will enable the
port for network access.
This function is very useful for network security
application to prevent illegal users access network through the switch.
The function here is for 802.1x function configuration.
1. 802.1x Authentication Status: [Enable/Disable/Transparent]
Enable: enable 802.1x function in authentication mode
Disable: disable 802.1x function
Transparent: only forwarding 802.1x packets
2. Re-authentication (enable/disable), Timeout Period and Max Count:
The re-authentication function will re-authenticate users after the timeout
period. The Max Count is the maximum re-try count between the switch and
users before authentication fail.
3. Max Request Count and Server Timeout Period:
The Server Timeout Period is the timeout period for the request between the
switch and RADIUS server.
The Max Request Count is the maximum re-try count between the switch and
RADIUS server before authentication fail.
4. Supplicant Timeout Period:
This is the timeout value between the switch and users (called “supplicant” in
802.1x) after first identification. The valid value is 0~65535.
69
5.
6.
Quiet Timeout Period:
This is the quiet time value between the switch and the user before next
authentication process when authentication fails.
Tx Timeout Period:
This is the timeout value for the identification request from the switch to
users. The request will be re-tried until the Re-authentication Max Count
is met. After that, authentication fail message will be sent. The valid value
is 0~65535.
[Radius Server Configuration]
This function is for configuration between switch and RADIUS server. You can
assign the IP address of Radius Server, the protocol port number, and the
security key.
[Port Authentication Configuration]
The Port Authentication Configuration is used to select the authentication mode
for each port of the switch.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Auto: This is the normal 802.1x operation mode. The authentication status
(authenticated or unauthenticated) depends on the authentication result of
port.
Force-Authorized: This mode will force the port always being authentication
successful in 802.1x process and the real authentication result will be
ignored.
Force-Unauthorized: This mode will force the port always being
authentication fail in 802.1x process and the real authentication result will be
ignored.
None: This mode will disable 802.1x operation on this port.
And you can see current 802.1x status on each port.
70
6.4.4 Port
This section is about configurations for ports. For port speed setting, maximum
packet size setting, mirror port setting, port bandwidth limit, and port statistics.
1). Port Configuration
This function is used to configure port settings of the switch. You can enable
/disable a port, set it to fixed 10M or 100M or 1000M ... and so on.
Auto Mode : User can select the operation mode of port when “auto” is set to
disabled.
For “Auto Negotiation” mode, the switch will do port auto-negotiation function
ON/OFF when the auto function of port (in Port Configuration setting) is
enabled/disabled.
For “Auto Detect” mode, the switch will always keep port auto-negotiation function
ON but just modify its attribution if auto function of port (in Port Configuration
setting) is disabled.
For applications, you should select “Auto Detect”mode if the connected device is
auto-negotiation enabled. (For example, customer’s PC is auto-negotiation
enable and you want to set his network connection to work at 10Mbps.)
And you can select “Auto Negotiation”mode if the connected device is autonegotiation disabled (it is called forced mode, sometimes). Some of old TX-FX
Converters needs to work in this mode because FX supports 100/Full forced
mode only.
For most applications, “Auto Detect” mode is OK.
Port Setting : It is for modifying the setting of port.
71
Follow the steps to do it.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Select the port that you want to modify in “Port#” first.
Fill the name of the port.
Select Enable/Disable state in “Admin”. If Disable is selected, this port will
be disabled for any network access.
Select the Enable/Disable state of Auto function of port. The auto mode
could be auto-negotiation or auto-detect operation when auto is set to
disable.
If Auto is disabled, select the operation speed and duplex mode of the port in
“Speed/Duplex”.
Select the Enable/Disable state of Flow Control function of port.
Select the Enable/Disable state of Power Saving function of port. If it is
enabled, port will go to low power state when link down.
Click [Apply] after any modification.
2). Port Information
Current Setting & Link Status : It is current status of ports.
Name: The name of the port.
Admin: It shows current port enable/disable status.
Auto: It shows current Auto enable/disable status of ports.
Speed/Duplex: It will show current working speed and duplex mode if ports are
link up. Or the setting of speed/duplex when auto is disable.
Flow Control: It shows current Flow Control function status of ports.
Power Saving: It shows current Power Saving enable/disable status of ports.
Link: It shows the link status of each port.
3). Max Packet Length
72
This switch supports Jumbo Frame function. And the maximum packet size
could be up to 9600 byte/packet. You can select the maximum packet size for
each port here.
4). Mirror Port Configuration
This switch operates in store-and-forward algorithm so it is not possible to monitor
network traffic from another connection port. But the port mirror function can
copy packets from some monitored port to another port for network monitor.
Mode: This is used to enable/disable Mirror function.
Monitering Port: This is used to set the capture port. The switch will copy the
traffic from Monitored Port to this port if Mirror function is enabled.
Monitored Port: This is the monitored port. The switch will copy the traffic from
this port to Monitoring Port.
73
5). Rate Control
Two traffic rates could be controlled by the switch. One is the ingress/egress
traffic of each port.
Another is Broadcast/Multicast/Unicast Storm Control.
5-1) Rate Control Configuration
This function can setup the ingress and egress rate limit of ports.
Follow the steps to configure ...
a. Set “Unit” first. It could be selected from pre-defined units, or define by
user. Click [Apply] after the setting.
b. Select the Port Number.
c. Enter the rate limit number for Ingress and Egress traffics. “0” means NO
LIMIT. Click [Apply] after the setting.
5-2) Storm Control Configuration
This function can setup the broadcast, multicast, and unicast storm rate of the
switch.
74
Please follow the rules in table to setup the maximum storm rates.
Note: The storm rate is counted by pps (packet per second).
6). Port Statistics
Port statistics counters could be read here.
Select a port to get its counters.
[ Refresh ]
The counters will be refreshed automatically. You can modify the refresh
interval.
And you can click [Refresh] to refresh the counters immediatelly.
[ Reset Counters ]
Click [Reset Statistics] can reset the counters to “0”.
75
6.4.5 Address Table
These are functions about Mac address table. One is “Static Address Assign”
and another is “Aging Time Setup”.
1). Static Addresses
This switch supports static Mac address assignment. You can assign static Mac
addresses by the following steps ...
a. Give an Entry ID.
This ID is used as the index of the entry in Static
Address Table.
b. Give the VLAN ID. If 802.1Q is disable, the VID will always be 1. This VID
will put the static Mac address in some VLAN for 802.1Q VLAN operation.
c. Fill the Mac address. This is the Static Mac Address for this entry.
d. Select the port for this Static Address.
e. Click [Confirm Add/Change] button.
Then this entry will be added to the table.
In “Current Static Address Setting” table, you can edit and delete an entry.
(Different Mac Address will be another entry. Mac Address is not allowed to edit
for an entry.)
The switch will not age out these static Mac addresses. But there is a limitation
for these static Mac addresses - they are allowed to work on the assigned port
only because they are static fixed on the assigned port.
If you want to delete an entry in the static Mac address table, click [Delete] button
of the entry and the static Mac address will be removed from the table.
If you want to modify an entry, click [Edit] button of the entry. Do the modification
and click [Confirm Add/Change] button. (Different Mac Address will be another
entry. Mac Address is not allowed to edit for an entry.)
About Port Security function . . .
You can configure “Mac Security Configuration” function (in “Security” page) for
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port access security with Mac address.
application..
Select “Accept” for such security
2). Dynamic Addresses
This function can show the dynamic Mac addresses learned by the switch. This
table will refresh every 30 seconds.
The address table could be more than one page. You can click [Previous Page],
[Next Page] to change page. Or, give the page number directly.
Query function is supported by the switch. It could be queried by Port or queried
by Mac Address. Select the query function and input the query target. Then
click [Query]. The result will be shown.
For example,
3). Address Aging
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The switch will learn Mac addresses to an ARL table automatically. And follow
the table to do packet store-and-forward operation. If Mac addresses are not
received for some time, those Mac addresses will be removed from the table.
This operation is called aging.
The aging operation could be disable here.
will not be removed from the ARL table.
And all the learned Mac addresses
And the time for aging operation could be modified here. It is 300 seconds by
default.
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6.4.6 Spanning Tree
Spanning Protocol can prevent traffic looping in network. It can be configured
for switch unit (bridge) and port unit. If spanning tree function is enabled, any
link down to link up will have several seconds delay for the port going to
forwarding state.
[Setting of Bridge]
Here are the parameters for Spanning Tree operation on the switch.
Enable/Disable : enable/disable spanning tree operation
Force Version : It will operate as Rapid Spanning Tree in “Normal” state. And it
can be forced to operate at old Spanning Tree mode if “Compatible with old STP”
is selected.
Bridge Priority (0~61440) : Bridge priority is for selecting the root device, root
port, and designated port. The device with the highest priority (lowest value)
becomes the STA root device. If all devices have the same priority, the device
with the lowest MAC address will then become the root device.
Hello Time (1~10) : the period to send the spanning tree maintenance packet if
the switch is the root of the spanning tree. Default is 2 seconds.
Maximum Age (6~40) : the spanning tree aging time if no spanning tree
maintenance packet is received. It will cause the spanning tree to re-create.
Default is 20 seconds.
Forward Delay (4~30): the maximum waiting time before changing states (i.e.,
learning to forwarding). This delay is required because every device must
receive information about topology changes before it starts to forward frames. In
addition, each port needs time to listen for conflicting information that would make
it return to a blocking state; otherwise, temporary data loops might result.
The parameters have relation with each other. And here is the rule for it.
2*(Hello Time +1) is less or equal to Maximum Age, and Maximum Age is less or
equal to 2*(Forward Delay -1).
[Setting of Port]
Click [Configuration STA Port]. You can configure RSTP/STP on ports.
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Bridge Port Number is the Ethernet port that will be configured.
Port Priority (0~240) : If the path cost for all ports on a switch are the same, the
port with the highest priority (lowest value) will be forwarded when looping
happens. If more than one port have the same highest priority, the port with
lowest port number will be forwarded.
Port State : It is current spanning tree operation state of the port.
Port Enable : enable/disable spanning tree function on the port.
Is edge : If this switch is at “edge” of the network tree, please select “Yes”. If
there are another switches connected, please select “No”. This parameter is
used by RSTP to increase its operation speed.
Port Path Cost (1~65535) : It is used to determine the best path between devices
if looping happens. Lower values will be forwarded and should be assigned to
ports with fast connections. Higher values will be blocked and should be
assigned to ports with slow connections.
The suggestion values are
100(50~600) for 10M, 19(10~60) for 100M and 4(3~10) for 1000M connections.
Port Designated Root : This will show the root bridge ID of this segment and its
bridge priority.
Port Designated Cost : This will show the path cost between the root port and
the designated port of the root bridge.
Port Designated Bridge : This will show the switch’s bridge ID and its bridge
priority setting.
Designated Port : This will show the port number and its port priority..
Port Forward Transitions : This is the forwarding transition counter on the port.
Port Role : It is the role of the port for the STP operation. It could be Root,
Designated, Backup, or Alternated. If the port is link down, the port role will be
Nonstp.
Point To Point : This is a Point-to-Point link on the port.
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6.4.7 VLAN
This switch supports 802.1Q VLAN, Port-based VLAN, and Private VLAN.
1). 802.1Q VLAN
1-1). 802.1Q VLAN
802.1Q VLAN : This is used to enable/disable 802.1Q VLAN function.
GVRP : The GVRP protocol can learn remote 802.1Q VLAN on other switches
and add to dynamic 802.1Q VLAN table. You can enable/disable the operation
of this protocol.
Ingress Filter : This is used to enable/disable doing VLAN filtering function at
ingress port. If it is enable, the ingress port must be in the same VLAN for
packet forwarding. If it is disable, VLAN filtering function will be done at egress
port.
[Frame Control]
This function could be used to drop non-802.1Q frames (untagged packets).
[Port VLAN ID Setting]
PVID is used to set Port VLAN ID. When untagged packet is received, PVID of
the ingress port will be used as the its VLAN ID. PVID is also used as the
VLAN ID for tag adding when untagged packet is translated to tagged packet.
1-2).VLAN Tag Rules
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For 802.1Q VLAN, every port could be tag port or untag port.
Tag port will always send tagged packets and is used for switch-to-switch
cascading. It is a VLAN trunk connection because there could be more than one
VLAN working through it. And its role is a “Trunk” for 802.1Q VLAN groups
operation between switches.
Untag port will always send untagged packets and is used for switch to users
connection. And its role is a “Access” connection for users.
You can define ports as “Trunk” or “Access” according to their connection
devices.
If a port is defined as “Hybrid”, it is a tag port basically. But it will act as an
untag port for packets working in VLAN defined in “Untag VID”. So, it is called a
hybrid port.
For example, set Port 5 as “Hybrid” and its Untag VID as 10. Port 5 will act as a
tag port for all packets except packets for VLAN 10. Port 5 will act as an untag
port for packets working for VLAN 10.
1-3). Static 1Q VLAN
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This function is used to maintain 802.1Q static VLAN.
Create an 802.1Q VLAN:
1. Input the VLAN ID and VLAN Name in “Create New Static VLAN”. Click
[Create] to create the VLAN. The valid VLAN ID is 1 ~ 4094.
2. Select the VLAN in “Modify Static VLAN Table”. The new VLAN is empty
by default.
You can select ports for the VLAN. After that, click [Apply] to
complete the VLAN configuration.
Modify an 802.1Q VLAN:
1. Select the VLAN in “Modify Static VLAN Table”.
2. Modify its setting and click [Apply] to activate the new setting.
Delete an 802.1Q VLAN:
1. Select the VLAN in “Modify Static VLAN Table”.
2. Click [Delete] to delete the 802.1Q VLAN.
1-4). VLAN Table
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This table will show the activity of 802.1Q VLAN.
802.1Q VLAN will be shown in the table.
Both static and dynamic
For ports, “S” means static member and “D” means dynamic member.
If GVRP protocol is enabled, this table will also show the learned remote 802.1Q
VLAN.
2). Private VLAN
Three kinds of VLAN are defined for this application – Primary VLAN, Community
VLAN, and Isolated VLAN.
Community VLAN and Isolated VLAN can
communicate with Primary VLAN, but they cannot communicate with each other.
And users in Isolated VLAN cannot communicate with each other. This is a
special VLAN configuration.
2-1). Configuration
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Creating Private VLAN, do the steps first.
a. Create VLAN groups, and define as “Primary”, “Community”, or “Isolated”.
b. Associate Community VLAN with Primary VLAN. If more than one Primary
VLAN, select Primary VLAN first and then do the association.
See the following picture.
2-2). Port Configuration
After VLANs are created, assign ports to VLANs.
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There are three types for a port - Normal, Host, and Promiscuous.
“Normal” is for ports doing normal operation instead of Private VLAN.
“Host” is for ports that could be in Community VLAN or Isolated VLAN.
“Promiscuous” is for ports that could be in Primary VLAN or Isolated VLAN.
Follow the steps to do the port assignment.
a. Select the type for a port.
b. If it is “Host”, you can select a VLAN from Community VLAN or mark Isolated
VLAN and select from it.
c. If it is “Promiscuous”, you can select a VLAN from Primary VLAN or mark
Isolated VLAN and select from it.
d. Repeat a.~c. to complete the port assigment.
e. Click [Apply].
Please see the following picture.
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3). Port-based VLAN
Follow the steps to configure Port-based VLAN.
a. Enable Port-based VLAN. And click [Apply] button.
b. Give VLAN name.
c. Select ports for each VLAN.
d. Click [Apply] button.
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6.4.8 QoS
This switch supports Port-based priority, 802.1P priority, and DSCP priority.
These priority operations could be enable/disable on each port.
For 802.1P and DSCP priority operations, their priority values can be mapped to
four priority queues of the switch for QoS operation.
1). QoS Information
QoS : this is for QoS function enable/disable.
Port Priority : this is used to define the priority setting of each port. It will map to
the four priority queues of the switch.
802.1P Enable : this is for 802.1P priority operation enable/diable on each port.
802.1P priority operation will use the priority setting in tag of packets for QoS
operation.
The mapping of 802.1P priority values (0~7) to priority queue could be defined at
“VLAN Tag Priority” page by clicking [Configure VLAN Tag Priority] button.
DSCP Enable : (see the following picture) this is for DSCP(Differential Service
Code Point) priority operation enable/disable on each port. DSCP priority
operation will use the priority setting in ToS field of IP packets for QoS operation.
Seven DSCP values (0~63) could be defined and map to priority queue at “IP
Differential Service (DiffServ) Configuration” page by clicking [Configure DSCP
Priority] button.
[Configure VLAN Tag Priority] button : Click this button can go to the “VLAN
Tag Priority” page for 802.1P priority values (0~7) to priority queue mapping
setting.
[Configure DSCP Priority] button : Click this button can go to the “IP Differential
Service (DiffServ) Configuration” page for DSCP priority values (0~63) to priority
queue mapping setting.
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[802.1P Priority Mapping]
For 802.1P priority, priority value (0~7) in VLAN tag will be used for QoS
operation. And the mapping of priority values to priority queues (High/Middle
/Normal/Low) could be defined here.
If 802.1P priority function is enabled, these settings will be followed for QoS
operation.
[DiffServ Priority Mapping]
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DSCP priority operation will use the priority setting in ToS field of IP packets for
QoS operation.
Seven DSCP values (0~63) could be defined and map to priority queues (High
/Middle/Normal/Low).
If DSCP priority function is enabled, these settings will be followed for QoS
operation.
2). Queue Mode
This switch supports Strict Priority and WRR (Weight Round Robin) operation for
sending out packets from piority queues.
If Strict Priority is selected, packets in higher priority queues will always get
bandwidth service first. Lower priority queues will get service when higher
priority queues are empty.
If WRR is selected, priority queues will be served with the weighting of priorities.
And the setting of weight could be configured at “Queue Scheduling”.
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3). Queue Scheduling
This function is used to configured the weight of priority queues for WRR
operation.
And the output bandwidth will be shared with the ratio of weight
between priority queues.
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6.4.9 IGMP
This switch supports IGMP Snooping function for IP Multicast traffic. Switch will
learn IP Multicast Groups from IGMP protocol packets. Here is for IGMP
function configuration settings.
[IGMP Configuration]
IGMP Status: this is used to enable/disable IGMP function.
IGMP Querying: this is used to enable/disable IGMP Query function. The switch
will send IGMP Query at a fixed interval if it is enable. The IGMP query
responses, known as IGMP reports (which look very much like an IGMP join)
keep the switch updated with the current multicast group membership on a portby-port basis..
Unregistered IPMC Flooding: unregistered (un-joined) IP multicast traffic will be
flooded to every port if this setting is enable. If it is disable, the unregistered IP
multicast traffic will be flooded to IP multicast members only
IGMP Query Interval: this is used to set the IGMP query packet interval if IGMP
Query function is enable.
IGMP Report Delay: this is used to set the delay time to send report after
receiving a query. When a host receives a Query, it doesn’t send a report
immediately but it starts a report delay timer for each group membership on the
network interface of the incoming Query. When a timer expires, a report is
generated for the corresponding host group.
IGMP Query Timeout: this is used to set the timeout interval for IGMP Query
operation. If the switch does not receive updated membership information in a
timely fashion, it will stop forwarding multicasts to the delinquent port where the
end-device is located.
[Router Port]
This is used to select the port that connected to IGMP active router.
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[IP Multicast Registration Table]
This table will show the learned IP multicast groups.
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6.4.10 Trunk
This switch supports up to eight trunk groups. And the trunk could be configured
with static assigned or by LACP (Link Aggregation Control Protocol) protocol.
1). Trunk Information
This table is used to assign ports to Trunk groups statically.
Follow the steps to do it. (*Don’t connect trunk cables until this function is set.)
a. Enable Trunk function first. Then click [Apply].
b. Select a Trunk Group at “Grp#”.
c. Select the member ports.
d. Click [Apply].
e. Repeat b.~d. for another Trunk group setting.
Note: If a port are used as static port for any Trunk group, its LACP function will
be disable.
2). Lacp Port Configuration
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This page is used to configure LACP function. With LACP protocol, switches can
learn trunk connections automatically.
Follow the steps to do it. (*Don’t connect trunk cables until this function is set.)
a. Enable Trunk function at “Trunk Information” page first. Then click [Apply].
b. Assign System Priority. (Its value is 1~65535 and higher numbers have
lower priority. Combining with the Mac address of the switch, it is used to
identify this switch in LACP protocol operation.)
c. Select ports that will run LACP protocol.
d. Click [Apply].
Note: If ports are already in static trunk group, they are not allowed to apply as
LACP ports. If static ports are selected as LACP ports, warning message will be
prompted when [Apply] is clicked.
3). Lacp Port Status
This is for LACP protocol running status.
You can see current port status with colors.
If LACP trunk is created, another
port groups message will be shown.
Click [Refresh] can update the status information.
The following table will show the LACP enable/disable status of each port. And
the port number and port key of the partner switch will also be shown in the table
when LACP Trunk is running.
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6.4.11 Tools
The follow functions are used for system maintenance.
They are Software
Upgrade, Configuration Backup/Restore, Restore Factory Default, Reset System,
and Ping functions.
1). Tools Information
Four functions are supported as the system maintenance tools.
System Upgrade : This function will upgrade the system operation software from
the web management PC.
Config Backup/Restore : Clicking [Backup Setting] button, the switch can
backup the configuration of the switch to the web management PC.
And the configuration of the switch can be restored to switch by [Restore Setting]
button after the configuration file is selected.
Restore Factory Default : This function will restore the switch configuration to
factory default setting.
Reset System : This function will cause the switch to reboot itself.
2). Ping
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This function is used to ping network devices from the switch.
verify network connection.
It can be used to
Target IP address : This is the target IP address for the ping operation.
Count : This is the repeat count for the ping operation.
Time Out : This is the timeout value for the ping operation.
After the above items are set, click [Apply] to start the ping operation.
Then the result of ping operation will be shown.
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7. Software Update and Backup
This switch supports software update and configuration backup/update/restore
functions. It could be done in two ways.
1. From console when booting: by Xmodem protocol and doing by terminal
program.
This function can be used for run-time code and boot code
updating. (Boot code works only at boot time - before the main program starts.)
Press Ctrl-C when the switch is booting, the following message will be shown.
Boot Menu
===========================
0: Start the Run-time code
1: Upgrade Run-time code
2: Upgrade Boot Code
=> Select:
a. Start Run-time code : This option will continue the booting process.
b. Upgrade Run-time code : This option will try to update run-time code (main
code) from terminal program with Xmodem protocol. If this option is
selected, the following message will be shown.
“Waiting to receive file by Xmodem ....”
Then user can select “Send File” function of terminal program and select
Xmodem protocol and the update file, then start the file upgrade.
c. Upgrade Boot Code : This option will try to update boot code from terminal
program with Xmodem protocol. User can select “Send File” function of
terminal program and select Xmodem protocol and the update file, then start
the file upgrade.
2. From web browser: Doing by http protocol and by web browser. Please refer
to the description of “Tools” function in Section 6.4.11.
3. From console/telnet command: Doing by tftp protocol and done by “copy”
command. Please refer to the description of “copy” function in Section 6.2.2.
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A.
Product Specifications
[ 8TX+2SFP Model ]
Access Method
Standards Conformance
Number of Ports
Dimensions
Certification
Temperature
Humidity
Ethernet, CSMA/CD
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T, IEEE 802.3u 100BASE
IEEE 802.3z, IEEE 802.3ab (1000Base)
10/100/1000Mbps,
Full / Half duplex (auto-negotiation)
Auto-detect for each TX port
LEDs for each unit : Power, System
each port : Link/Act(Green:1000M,
Yellow:10/100M), FDX/Col.
8* RJ45 TX, 2* SFP ports (10 GE Ports totally)
250 x 117 x 37 mm
CE Mark, FCC Class A
Standard Operating: 0 to 50℃
10% to 90% (Non-condensing)
Bridging Function
Switching Method
Address Table
Filtering/Forwarding Rate
Maximum Packet Size
Flow Control
Filtering, forwarding and learning
Store-and-forward
8K entries
Line speed
9600 Bytes
802.3x for full duplex, backpressure for half duplex
Communication Rate
MDI/MDIX
Indicator Panel
VLAN
QoS
802.1Q VLAN, Port-based VLAN, Private VLAN
4 transmit priorities per ports, for port-based/802.1P
tagged-based/DSCP priority operation
Spanning Tree
Support RSTP/STP protocol
Trunking
8 groups max., Static and LACP are supported
Mirror Port
Yes
IGMP Snooping
Yes, for IP multicast traffic
Mac ID Security on Port
Static Mac address access limit on port,
and Dynamic Mac address number limit on port
802.1x
Yes, support Authentication and Transparent modes
Rate Control
Yes, 128Kbps~1000Mbps, for ingress/egress traffic
Storm Control
Broadcast, Multicast, and Unicast Storm Control
Admin Manage Security Yes, by IP/Subnet/Interface limit
System Time
Yes, by NTP protocol
System Log
Yes, Local and Remote (by syslog) logging
Out-band Management
Console
In-band Management
http, telnet, and SNMP
SNMP
v1 and v2c agent, support MIB-II,Bridge MIB,802.1Q
MIB and Private MIB
Software Update/Backup by http,TFTP protocols, Xmodem, for firmware/
configuration
100
[ 16TX+4SFP Model ]
Access Method
Standards Conformance
Dimensions
Certification
Temperature
Humidity
Ethernet, CSMA/CD
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T, IEEE 802.3u 100BASE
IEEE 802.3z, IEEE 802.3ab (1000Base)
10/100/1000Mbps,
Full / Half duplex (auto-negotiation)
Auto-detect for each TX port
LEDs for each unit : Power, System
each port : Link/Act(Green:1000M,
Yellow:10/100M), FDX/Col.
16* RJ45 TX, 4* SFP(shared) ports (16 GE Ports
totally)
330 x 204 x 43 mm
CE Mark, FCC Class A
Standard Operating: 0 to 50℃
10% to 90% (Non-condensing)
Bridging Function
Switching Method
Address Table
Filtering/Forwarding Rate
Maximum Packet Size
Flow Control
Filtering, forwarding and learning
Store-and-forward
8K entries
Line speed
9600 Bytes
802.3x for full duplex, backpressure for half duplex
Communication Rate
MDI/MDIX
Indicator Panel
Number of Ports
VLAN
QoS
802.1Q VLAN, Port-based VLAN, Private VLAN
4 transmit priorities per ports, for port-based/802.1P
tagged-based/DSCP priority operation
Spanning Tree
Support RSTP/STP protocol
Trunking
8 groups max., Static and LACP are supported
Mirror Port
Yes
IGMP Snooping
Yes, for IP multicast traffic
Mac ID Security on Port
Static Mac address access limit on port,
and Dynamic Mac address number limit on port
802.1x
Yes, support Authentication and Transparent modes
Rate Control
Yes, 128Kbps~1000Mbps, for ingress/egress traffic
Storm Control
Broadcast, Multicast, and Unicast Storm Control
Admin Manage Security Yes, by IP/Subnet/Interface limit
System Time
Yes, by NTP protocol
System Log
Yes, Local and Remote (by syslog) logging
Out-band Management
Console
In-band Management
http, telnet, and SNMP
SNMP
v1 and v2c agent, support MIB-II,Bridge MIB,802.1Q
MIB and Private MIB
Software Update/Backupby http,TFTP protocols, Xmodem, for firmware/
configuration
101
102
[ 24TX+4SFP Model ]
Access Method
Standards Conformance
Dimensions
Certification
Temperature
Humidity
Ethernet, CSMA/CD
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T, IEEE 802.3u 100BASE
IEEE 802.3z, IEEE 802.3ab (1000Base)
10/100/1000Mbps,
Full / Half duplex (auto-negotiation)
Auto-detect for each TX port
LEDs for each unit : Power, System
each port : Link/Act(Green:1000M,
Yellow:10/100M), FDX/Col.
24* RJ45 TX, 4* SFP(shared) ports (24 GE Ports
totally)
440 x 172 x 43 mm
CE Mark, FCC Class A
Standard Operating: 0 to 50℃
10% to 90% (Non-condensing)
Bridging Function
Switching Method
Address Table
Filtering/Forwarding Rate
Maximum Packet Size
Flow Control
Filtering, forwarding and learning
Store-and-forward
8K entries
Line speed
9600 Bytes
802.3x for full duplex, backpressure for half duplex
Communication Rate
MDI/MDIX
Indicator Panel
Number of Ports
VLAN
QoS
802.1Q VLAN, Port-based VLAN, Private VLAN
4 transmit priorities per ports, for port-based/802.1P
tagged-based/DSCP priority operation
Spanning Tree
Support RSTP/STP protocol
Trunking
8 groups max., Static and LACP are supported
Mirror Port
Yes
IGMP Snooping
Yes, for IP multicast traffic
Mac ID Security on Port
Static Mac address access limit on port,
and Dynamic Mac address number limit on port
802.1x
Yes, support Authentication and Transparent modes
Rate Control
Yes, 128Kbps~1000Mbps, for ingress/egress traffic
Storm Control
Broadcast, Multicast, and Unicast Storm Control
Admin Manage Security Yes, by IP/Subnet/Interface limit
System Time
Yes, by NTP protocol
System Log
Yes, Local and Remote (by syslog) logging
Out-band Management
Console
In-band Management
http, telnet, and SNMP
SNMP
v1 and v2c agent, support MIB-II,Bridge MIB,802.1Q
MIB and Private MIB
Software Update/Backupby http,TFTP protocols, Xmodem, for firmware/
configuration
103
B.
EMI Certification
Compliances
FCC Class A Certification (USA)
Warning: This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual,
may cause interference to radio communications. It has been tested and found
to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device pursuant to Subpart B of Part
15 of FCC Rules, which are designed to provide reasonable protection against
such interference when operated in a commercial environment. Operation of this
equipment in a residential area is likely to cause interference, in which case the
user, at his own expense, will be required to take whatever measures are required
to correct the interference.
CE Mark Declaration of Conformance for EMI and Safety (EEC)
This is to certify that this product complies with ISO/IEC Guide 22 and EN45014.
It conforms to the following specifications:
EMC: EN55022(1988)/CISPR-22(1985) class A
EN60555-2(1995)
class A
EN60555-3
IEC1000-4-2(1995)
4kV CD, 8kV AD
IEC1000-4-3(1995)
3V/m
IEC1000-4-4(1995)
1kV - (power line),
0.5kV - (signal line)
This product complies with the requirements of the Low Voltage Directive
73/23/EEC and the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC.
Warning! Do not plug a phone jack connector in the RJ-45 port. This may
damage this device.
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C.
Warranty
We warrant to the original owner that the product delivered in this package will be
free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of warranty time from
the date of purchase from us or the authorized reseller. The warranty does not
cover the product if it is damaged in the process of being installed. We
recommend that you have the company from whom you purchased this product
install it.
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