Emerson 2400S Installation manual

Configuration and Use Manual
P/N MMI-20008811, Rev. AA
September 2009
Micro Motion®
Model 2400S Transmitters
for PROFIBUS-DP
Configuration and Use Manual
© 2009 Micro Motion, Inc. All rights reserved. The Micro Motion and Emerson logos are trademarks and service marks of Emerson
Electric Co. Micro Motion, ELITE, MVD, ProLink, MVD Direct Connect, and PlantWeb are marks of one of the Emerson Process
Management family of companies. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.
Contents
Chapter 1
Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
Chapter 2
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Setting the node address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Bringing the transmitter online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Using the Transmitter User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
Chapter 4
1
1
1
2
2
3
3
5
6
6
Flowmeter Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1
2.2
2.3
Chapter 3
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Determining transmitter information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROFIBUS-DP functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Determining version information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communication tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Planning the configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pre-configuration worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flowmeter documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Micro Motion customer service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
User interface without or with display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Removing and replacing the transmitter housing cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Using the optical switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Using the display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.5.1
Display language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.5.2
Viewing process variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.5.3
Using display menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.5.4
Display password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.5.5
Entering floating-point values with the display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Connecting with ProLink II or Pocket ProLink Software . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration upload/download. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting from a PC to a Model 2400S DP transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4.1
Connection options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4.2
Service port connection parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4.3
Making the connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ProLink II language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration and Use Manual
17
17
18
18
18
18
19
20
i
Contents
Chapter 5
Using a PROFIBUS Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
Chapter 6
6.3
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Characterizing the flowmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.1
When to characterize. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.2
Characterization parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.3
How to characterize . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the measurement units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.1
Mass flow units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.2
Volume flow units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.3
Density units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.4
Temperature units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.5
Pressure units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
25
25
25
27
28
30
30
32
33
33
Using the Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
ii
21
21
21
22
23
23
Required Transmitter Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
6.1
6.2
Chapter 7
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Support files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting to the Model 2400S DP transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the GSD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the EDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the I&M functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recording process variables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing process variables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.4.1
With the display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.4.2
With ProLink II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.4.3
With a PROFIBUS host and the EDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.4.4
With a PROFIBUS host and the GSD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.4.5
With PROFIBUS bus parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.5.1
Using the network LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.5.2
Using the software address LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing transmitter status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.1
Using the status LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.2
Using ProLink II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.3
Using a PROFIBUS host and the EDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.4
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handling status alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.1
Using the display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.2
Using ProLink II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.3
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.4
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the totalizers and inventories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.8.1
Viewing current totals for totalizers and inventories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.8.2
Controlling totalizers and inventories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35
35
36
36
36
37
37
37
38
38
38
38
39
39
39
39
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
45
47
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Contents
Chapter 8
Optional Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.10
8.11
8.12
8.13
8.14
8.15
Chapter 9
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring volume flow measurement for gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2.1
Using ProLink II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2.2
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2.3
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring cutoffs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3.1
Cutoffs and volume flow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the damping values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.4.1
Damping and volume measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the flow direction parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.6.1
Defining events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.6.2
Checking and reporting event status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.6.3
Changing event setpoints from the display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring slug flow limits and duration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring status alarm severity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.1
Update period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.2
Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.3
Display variables and display precision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.4
LCD panel backlight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.5
Display functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring digital communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.1
PROFIBUS-DP node address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.2
IrDA port usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3
Modbus address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.4
Modbus ASCII support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.5
Floating-point byte order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.6
Additional communications response delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.7
Digital communications fault action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.8
Fault timeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring device settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring PROFIBUS I&M function values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring sensor parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the petroleum measurement application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.14.1
About the petroleum measurement application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.14.2
Configuration procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the enhanced density application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.15.1
About the enhanced density application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.15.2
Configuration procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
52
53
54
54
54
55
55
56
56
57
57
60
61
61
62
65
65
65
66
67
67
68
68
69
70
70
70
71
71
72
73
73
74
74
74
76
77
77
79
Pressure Compensation and External Temperature
Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pressure compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2.1
Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2.2
Pressure correction factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2.3
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External temperature compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Obtaining external pressure and temperature data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration and Use Manual
81
81
81
81
82
84
86
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Contents
Chapter 10 Measurement Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Meter validation, meter verification, and calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
10.2.1
Meter verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
10.2.2
Meter validation and meter factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
10.2.3
Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
10.2.4
Comparison and recommendations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Performing meter verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
10.3.1
Preparing for the meter verification test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
10.3.2
Running the meter verification test, original version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
10.3.3
Running Smart Meter Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
10.3.4
Reading and interpreting meter verification test results . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
10.3.5
Setting up automatic or remote execution of the
meter verification test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Performing meter validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Performing zero calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
10.5.1
Preparing for zero . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
10.5.2
Zero procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Performing density calibration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
10.6.1
Preparing for density calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
10.6.2
Density calibration procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Performing temperature calibration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Chapter 11 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
11.9
11.10
11.11
11.12
11.13
11.14
11.15
11.16
11.17
11.18
11.19
11.20
11.21
iv
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guide to troubleshooting topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Micro Motion customer service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmitter does not operate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmitter does not communicate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the communication device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnosing wiring problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.7.1
Checking the power supply wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.7.2
Checking PROFIBUS wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.7.3
Checking grounding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zero or calibration failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fault conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Simulation mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmitter LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking process variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking slug flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the sensor tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the flow measurement configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the characterization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restoring a working configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the test points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.20.1 Obtaining the test points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.20.2 Evaluating the test points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.20.3 Drive gain problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.20.4 Low pickoff voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking sensor circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
123
123
124
124
124
124
125
125
126
126
126
126
127
128
128
132
134
135
135
135
135
136
136
136
136
137
137
138
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Contents
Appendix A Default Values and Ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
A.1
A.2
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Most frequently used defaults and ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Appendix B Transmitter Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
B.1
B.2
B.3
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Transmitter components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Terminals and connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Appendix C Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters. . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
C.1
C.2
C.3
C.4
C.5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Version information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ProLink II menu flowcharts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EDD menu flowcharts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display menu flowcharts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
149
149
150
153
160
Appendix D PROFIBUS Bus Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
D.1
D.2
D.3
D.4
D.5
D.6
D.7
D.8
D.9
D.10
D.11
D.12
D.13
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROFIBUS-DP data types and data type codes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurement block (Slot 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calibration block (Slot 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic block (Slot 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Device Information block (Slot 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Display block (Slot 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
API block (Slot 6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I&M functions (Slot 0) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Totalizer and inventory measurement unit codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Process variable codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm index codes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
165
166
166
168
170
178
179
181
181
185
185
186
187
Appendix E Display Codes and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
E.1
E.2
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Codes and abbreviations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Configuration and Use Manual
v
vi
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
1.1
Before You Begin
Chapter 1
Before You Begin
Overview
This chapter provides an orientation to the use of this manual, and includes a configuration overview
flowchart and a pre-configuration worksheet. This manual describes the procedures required to start,
configure, use, maintain, and troubleshoot the Micro Motion® Model 2400S transmitter for
PROFIBUS-DP (the Model 2400S DP transmitter).
Startup
If you do not know what transmitter you have, see Section 1.3 for instructions on identifying the
transmitter type from the model number on the transmitter’s tag.
Note: Information on configuration and use of Model 2400S transmitters with different I/O options is
provided in separate manuals. See the manual for your transmitter.
1.2
Safety
Safety messages are provided throughout this manual to protect personnel and equipment. Read each
safety message carefully before proceeding to the next step.
1.3
Determining transmitter information
Transmitter User Interface
Transmitter type, user interface option, and output options are encoded in the model number located
on the transmitter tag. The model number is a string of the following form:
2400S*X*X******
In this string:
•
2400S identifies the transmitter family.
•
The first X (the seventh character) identifies the I/O option: D = PROFIBUS-DP
•
The second X (the ninth character) identifies the user interface option:
-
1 = Display with glass lens
-
3 = No display
-
4 = Display with non-glass lens
Using ProLink II
Configuration and Use Manual
1
Before You Begin
1.4
PROFIBUS-DP functionality
The Model 2400S DP transmitter implements the following PROFIBUS-DP functionality:
•
Baud rates: standard baud rates between 9.6 kbits/sec and 12.0 Mbits/sec, automatically
detected by transmitter
•
I/O slave messaging:
•
•
•
-
Data exchange
-
Acyclic
Configuration methods:
-
Node address: hardware address switches or software addressing
-
Device description (EDD) conforming to the following: Specification for PROFIBUS
Device Description and Device Integration: Volume 2: EDDL V1.1, January 2001
-
DP-V1 read and write services with PROFIBUS bus parameters
Operation methods:
-
GSD conforming to the following: Specification for PROFIBUS Device Description and
Device Integration: Volume 1: GSD V5.0, May 2003
-
DP-V0 cyclic services
-
Device description listed above
-
DP-V1 read and write services
Identification and maintenance (I&M) functions:
-
I&M 0
-
I&M 1
as specified in Profile Guidelines Part 1: Identification & Maintenance Functions
Version 1.1.1, March 2005.
1.5
Determining version information
Table 1-1 lists the version information that you may need and describes how to obtain the information.
(Additional information is available via the I&M functions. See Section 7.2.)
Table 1-1
2
Obtaining version information
Component
Tool
Method
Transmitter software
With ProLink II
View > Installed Options > Software Revision
With EDD
MMI Coriolis Flow > Configuration Parameters >
Device
With display
OFF-LINE MAINT > VER
ProLink II
With ProLink II
Help > About ProLink II
GSD version
Text editor
Open file MMI0A60.GSD
Check parameter GSD_Revision
EDD version
Text editor
Open file MMICorFlowDP.ddl
Check parameter DD_Revision
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Before You Begin
1.6
Communication tools
Before You Begin
Most of the procedures described in this manual require the use of a communication tool. Table 1-2
lists the communication tools that can be used, with their functionality and requirements.
Note: You can use either ProLink II, the EDD, or PROFIBUS bus parameters for transmitter setup
and maintenance. It is not necessary to have more than one of these methods available.
Table 1-2
Communication tools for Model 2400S DP transmitter
Functionality
Tool
View/operation
Setup/maintenance
Requirement
Transmitter display
Partial
Partial
Transmitter with display
ProLink® II
Full
Full(1)
v2.5 (preliminary implementation)
v2.6 (full implementation)
Pocket ProLink®
Full
Full(1)
v1.3 (preliminary implementation)
v1.4 (full implementation)
Partial
None
GSD file (MMI0A60.GSD)
• GSD
• EDD
Full
• Bus parameters
Full
Full
(1)
EDD file set
Full
(1)
None
Startup
PROFIBUS host
(1) Except for node address.
The EDD and the GSD can be downloaded from the Micro Motion web site:
www.micromotion.com.
In this manual:
Basic information on using the transmitter’s user interface and display is provided in
Chapter 3.
•
Basic information on using ProLink II or Pocket ProLink, and connecting ProLink II or
Pocket ProLink to your transmitter, is provided in Chapter 4. For more information, see the
ProLink II or Pocket ProLink manual, available on the Micro Motion web site
(www.micromotion.com).
•
Basic information on using a PROFIBUS host is provided in Chapter 5.
Transmitter User Interface
1.7
•
Planning the configuration
Refer to the configuration overview flowchart in Figure 1-1 to plan transmitter configuration. In
general, perform configuration steps in the order shown here.
Note: Depending on your installation and application, some configuration tasks may be optional.
Configuration and Use Manual
Using ProLink II
Note: This manual provides information on topics that are not included in the configuration overview
flowchart, e.g.: using the transmitter, troubleshooting, and calibration procedures. Be sure to review
these topics as required.
3
Before You Begin
Figure 1-1
Configuration overview
Chapter 1
Before You Begin
Fill out pre-configuration
worksheet
Chapter 2
Flowmeter Startup
Apply power
Set the node address
Chapter 3 (if required)
Using the User Interface
Learn basic use
Chapter 4 (if required)
Connecting with ProLink II or
Pocket ProLink Software
Set up connection
Chapter 6
Required Configuration
Characterize the flowmeter
(if required)
Configure measurement units
Chapter 8
Optional Configuration
Chapter 9
Pressure Compensation and
Temperature Compensation
Configure pressure
compensation (optional)
Configure temperature
compensation (optional)
Chapter 10
Measurement Performance
Configure volume flow
measurement for gas
Configure cutoffs
Zero the flowmeter (optional)
Perform initial meter
verification tests
Configure damping
Configure flow direction
Configure events
Configure slug flow
Chapter 5
Using a Profibus Host
Obtain and import GSD
Obtain and import EDD
(if required)
Establish communication
Import GSD input and output
modules
Configure status alarm severity
Configure display functionality
Configure digital
communications
Configure device settings
Configure sensor parameters
Configure I&M functions
Configure petroleum
measurement application or
enhanced density application
4
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Before You Begin
1.8
Pre-configuration worksheet
Before You Begin
The pre-configuration worksheet provides a place to record information about your flowmeter and
your application. This information will affect your configuration options as you work through this
manual. You may need to consult with transmitter installation or application process personnel to
obtain the required information.
If you are configuring multiple transmitters, make copies of this worksheet and fill one out for each
individual transmitter.
Pre-configuration worksheet
Transmitter ____________________________
Item
Configuration data
Transmitter model number
______________________________________
Transmitter serial number
______________________________________
Transmitter software revision
Startup
______________________________________
Sensor model number
______________________________________
Sensor serial number
______________________________________
PROFIBUS-DP node
address
Measurement units
______________________________________
Mass flow
______________________________________
Volume flow
______________________________________
Transmitter User Interface
Density
______________________________________
Pressure
______________________________________
Temperature
______________________________________
Installed applications
…
…
…
…
Micro Motion Smart Meter Verification
Meter verification application, original version
Petroleum measurement application
Enhanced density application
Using ProLink II
Configuration and Use Manual
5
Before You Begin
1.9
Flowmeter documentation
Table 1-3 lists documentation sources for additional information.
Table 1-3
1.10
Flowmeter documentation resources
Topic
Document
Sensor installation
Sensor documentation
Transmitter installation
Micro Motion ® Model 2400S Transmitters: Installation Manual
Hazardous area installation
See the approval documentation shipped with the transmitter, or
download the appropriate documentation from the Micro Motion web
site (www.micromotion.com)
Micro Motion customer service
For customer service, phone the support center nearest you:
•
In the U.S.A., phone 800-522-MASS (800-522-6277) (toll-free)
•
In Canada and Latin America, phone +1 303-527-5200
•
In Asia:
•
-
In Japan, phone 3 5769-6803
-
In other locations, phone +65 6777-8211 (Singapore)
In Europe:
-
In the U.K., phone 0870 240 1978 (toll-free)
-
In other locations, phone +31 (0) 318 495 555 (The Netherlands)
Customers outside the U.S.A. can also email Micro Motion customer service at
flow.support@emerson.com.
6
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
2.1
Before You Begin
Chapter 2
Flowmeter Startup
Overview
This chapter describes the following procedures:
Setting the node address – see Section 2.2
•
Bringing the flowmeter online – see Section 2.3
Setting the node address
Startup
2.2
•
Three address switches are provided on the user interface module (see Figure 3-1 or Figure 3-2).
These switches are used to set a three-digit node address for the device:
•
The leftmost switch sets the first digit.
•
The center switch sets the second digit.
•
The rightmost switch sets the third digit.
The default setting for the address switches is 126.
If the transmitter is brought online with the switches set to 126:
•
The device shows up at address 126 in the live list.
•
You can set the node address programmatically by sending a Set Slave Address telegram from
the PROFIBUS host.
•
You can set the node address manually by rotating the switches to any value between 0 and
125, then power-cycling the device.
For more information on setting the node address, see Section 8.10.1.
Transmitter User Interface
You can set the node address manually before bringing the device online, by rotating the address
switches to any value between 0 and 125. If the transmitter was powered on at the time the address
switches were set, it will not accept the new node address until you perform a power cycle.
Note: It is not necessary to set the baud rate. because the Model 2400S DP transmitter automatically
detects and uses the DP segment baud rate.
2.3
Bringing the transmitter online
To bring the transmitter online:
2. Ensure that the PROFIBUS cable is connected to the transmitter as described in the transmitter
installation manual.
3. Ensure that all transmitter and sensor covers and seals are closed.
Configuration and Use Manual
7
Using ProLink II
1. Follow appropriate procedures to ensure that the process of configuring and commissioning
the Model 2400S DP transmitter does not interfere with existing measurement and control
loops.
Flowmeter Startup
WARNING
Operating the flowmeter without covers in place creates electrical hazards
that can cause death, injury, or property damage.
To avoid electrical hazards, ensure that the transmitter housing cover and all other
covers are in place before connecting the transmitter to the network.
4. Apply power to the transmitter. The flowmeter will automatically perform diagnostic routines.
When the flowmeter has completed its power-up sequence, the status LED will turn green. If
the status LED exhibits different behavior, an alarm condition is present or transmitter
calibration is in progress. See Section 7.6.
Note: If this is the initial startup, or if power has been off long enough to allow components to reach
ambient temperature, the flowmeter is ready to receive process fluid approximately one minute after
power-up. However, it may take up to ten minutes for the electronics in the flowmeter to reach thermal
equilibrium. During this warm-up period, you may observe minor measurement instability or
inaccuracy.
5. Ensure that the transmitter is visible on the network. For information on establishing
communications between the Model 2400S DP transmitter and a PROFIBUS host, see
Chapter 5.
8
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
3.1
Before You Begin
Chapter 3
Using the Transmitter User Interface
Overview
This chapter describes the user interface of the Model 2400S DP transmitter. The following topics are
discussed:
Transmitters without or with display – see Section 3.2
•
Removing and replacing the transmitter housing cover – see Section 3.3
•
Using the Scroll and Select optical switches – see Section 3.4
•
Using the display – see Section 3.5
Startup
3.2
•
User interface without or with display
The user interface of the Model 2400S DP transmitter depends on whether it was ordered with or
without a display:
•
If ordered without a display, there is no LCD panel on the user interface. The user interface
provides the following features and functions:
Three address switches, used to set the PROFIBUS node address
-
An internal termination resistor switch
-
Three LEDs: a status LED, a network LED, and a software address LED
-
Service port clips
-
Zero button
For all other functions, either ProLink II or a customer-supplied PROFIBUS host is required.
•
If ordered with a display, no zero button is provided (you must zero the transmitter with the
display menu, ProLink II, or a PROFIBUS host), and the following features are added:
-
An LCD panel, which displays process variable data and also provides access to the
off-line menu for basic configuration and management. Optical switches are provided for
LCD control.
-
An IrDA port which provides wireless access to the service port
Transmitter User Interface
-
Note: The off-line menu does not provide access to all transmitter functionality; for access to all
transmitter functionality, either ProLink II, the EDD, or PROFIBUS bus parameters must be used.
Configuration and Use Manual
Using ProLink II
Figures 3-1 and 3-2 show the user interface of the Model 2400S DP transmitter without and with a
display. In both illustrations, the transmitter housing cover has been removed.
9
Using the Transmitter User Interface
Figure 3-1
User interface – Transmitters without display
Address switches
Status LED
Zero button
Software address LED
Unused
Network LED
Internal termination
resistor switch
Service port clips
Figure 3-2
User interface – Transmitters with display
Address switches
Current value
Unit of measure
LCD panel
Status LED
Process variable
Unused
FLOW
267.329
G/S
Software address LED
Network LED
Internal termination
resistor switch
Optical switch indicator
Optical switch indicator
Select optical switch
Scroll optical switch
Service port clips
IrDA port
If the transmitter does not have a display, the transmitter housing cover must be removed to access all
user interface features and functions.
10
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter User Interface
•
Viewing the LEDs
•
Viewing the LCD panel
•
Using the Select and Scroll optical switches
•
Making a service port connection via the IrDA port
Before You Begin
If the transmitter has a display, the transmitter housing cover has a lens. All of the features shown in
Figure 3-2 are visible through the lens, and the following functions may be performed through the
lens (i.e., with the transmitter housing cover in place):
All other functions require removal of the transmitter housing cover.
For information on:
•
Using the address switches, see Section 8.10.1.
•
Using the LEDs, see Section 7.5.
•
Making a service port connection, see Section 4.4.
•
Using the zero button, see Section 10.5.
3.3
Startup
Note: The termination resistor switch is used to enable or disable the internal terminator. The internal
terminator can be used instead of an external terminator if termination is required at the transmitter.
Removing and replacing the transmitter housing cover
For some procedures, you must remove the transmitter housing cover. To remove the transmitter
housing cover:
1. If the transmitter is in a Division 2 or Zone 2 area, remove power from the unit.
WARNING
Transmitter User Interface
Removing the transmitter housing cover in a Division 2 or Zone 2 area while
the transmitter is powered up can cause an explosion.
To avoid the risk of an explosion, remove power from the transmitter before
removing the transmitter housing cover.
2. Loosen the four captive screws.
3. Lift the transmitter housing cover away from the transmitter.
When replacing the transmitter housing cover, be sure to adjust the cover and tighten the screws so
that no moisture can enter the transmitter housing.
3.4
Using the optical switches
Note: This section applies only to transmitters with a display.
Configuration and Use Manual
11
Using ProLink II
The Scroll and Select optical switches are used to navigate the display menus. To activate an optical
switch, touch the lens in front of the optical switch or move your finger over the optical switch close
to the lens. There are two optical switch indicators: one for each switch. When an optical switch is
activated, the associated optical switch indicator is a solid red.
Using the Transmitter User Interface
CAUTION
Attempting to activate an optical switch by inserting an object into the
opening can damage the equipment.
To avoid damage to the optical switches, do not insert an object into the openings.
Use your fingers to activate the optical switches.
3.5
Using the display
Note: This section applies only to transmitters with a display.
The display can be used to view process variable data or to access the transmitter menus for
configuration or maintenance.
3.5.1
Display language
The display can be configured for the following languages:
•
English
•
French
•
Spanish
•
German
Due to software and hardware restrictions, some English words and terms may appear in the
non-English display menus. For a list of the codes and abbreviations used on the display, see
Appendix E.
For information on configuring the display language, see Section 8.9.
In this manual, English is used as the display language.
3.5.2
Viewing process variables
In ordinary use, the Process variable line on the LCD panel shows the configured display variables,
and the Units of measure line shows the measurement unit for that process variable.
•
See Section 8.9.3 for information on configuring the display variables.
•
See Appendix E for information on the codes and abbreviations used for display variables.
If more than one line is required to describe the display variable, the Units of measure line alternates
between the measurement unit and the additional description. For example, if the LCD panel is
displaying a mass inventory value, the Units of measure line alternates between the measurement
unit (for example, G) and the name of the inventory (for example, MASSI).
Auto Scroll may or may not be enabled:
•
If Auto Scroll is enabled, each configured display variable will be shown for the number of
seconds specified for Scroll Rate.
•
Whether Auto Scroll is enabled or not, the operator can manually scroll through the configured
display variables by activating Scroll.
For more information on using the display to view process variables or manage totalizers and
inventories, see Chapter 7.
12
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter User Interface
3.5.3
Using display menus
Before You Begin
Note: The display menu system provides access to basic transmitter functions and data. It does not
provide access to all functions and data. To access all functions and data, use either ProLink II or a
customer-supplied PROFIBUS tool.
To enter the display menu system:
1. Activate Scroll and Select simultaneously.
2. Hold Scroll and Select until the words SEE ALARM or OFF-LINE MAINT appear.
Note: Access to the display menu system may be enabled or disabled. If disabled, the OFF-LINE
MAINT option does not appear. For more information, see Section 8.9.
For entry into certain sections of the display menu:
•
If a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to enter it. See Section 3.5.4.
•
If a display password is not required, you will be prompted to activate the optical switches in a
pre-defined sequence (Scroll-Select-Scroll). This feature is designed to prevent unintentional
entry to the menu caused by variations in ambient lighting or other environmental factors.
Startup
If no optical switch activity occurs for two minutes, the transmitter will exit the off-line menu system
and return to the process variable display.
To move through a list of options, activate Scroll.
To select from a list or to enter a lower-level menu, scroll to the desired option, then activate Select. If
a confirmation screen is displayed:
•
To confirm the change, activate Select.
•
To cancel the change, activate Scroll.
To exit a menu without making any changes:
Use the EXIT option if available.
•
Otherwise, activate Scroll at the confirmation screen.
3.5.4
Display password
Some of the display menu functions, such as accessing the off-line menu, can be protected by a
display password. For information about enabling and setting the display password, refer to
Section 8.9.
If a password is required, the word CODE? appears at the top of the password screen. Enter the digits
of the password one at a time by using Scroll to choose a number and Select to move to the next
digit.
Transmitter User Interface
•
If you encounter the display password screen but do not know the password, wait 60 seconds without
activating any of the display optical switches. The password screen will time out automatically and
you will be returned to the previous screen.
Entering floating-point values with the display
Using ProLink II
3.5.5
Certain configuration values, such as meter factors or output ranges, are entered as floating-point
values. When you first enter the configuration screen, the value is displayed in decimal notation (as
shown in Figure 3-3) and the active digit is flashing.
Configuration and Use Manual
13
Using the Transmitter User Interface
Figure 3-3
Numeric values in decimal notation
SX.XXXX
Sign
For positive numbers, leave this space
blank. For negative numbers, enter a
minus sign (–).
Digits
Enter a number (maximum length: eight
digits, or seven digits and a minus sign).
Maximum precision is four.
To change the value:
1. Select to move one digit to the left. From the leftmost digit, a space is provided for a sign. The
sign space wraps back to the rightmost digit.
2. Scroll to change the value of the active digit: 1 becomes 2, 2 becomes 3, ..., 9 becomes 0, 0
becomes 1. For the rightmost digit, an E option is included to switch to exponential notation.
To change the sign of a value:
1. Select to move to the space that is immediately left of the leftmost digit.
2. Use Scroll to specify – (for a negative value) or [blank] (for a positive value).
In decimal notation, you can change the position of the decimal point up to a maximum precision of
four (four digits to the right of the decimal point). To do this:
1. Select until the decimal point is flashing.
2. Scroll. This removes the decimal point and moves the cursor one digit to the left.
3. Select to move one digit to the left. As you move from one digit to the next, a decimal point
will flash between each digit pair.
4. When the decimal point is in the desired position, Scroll. This inserts the decimal point and
moves the cursor one digit to the left.
To change from decimal to exponential notation (see Figure 3-4):
1. Select until the rightmost digit is flashing.
2. Scroll to E, then Select. The display changes to provide two spaces for entering the exponent.
3. To enter the exponent:
a. Select until the desired digit is flashing.
b. Scroll to the desired value. You can enter a minus sign (first position only), values
between 0 and 3 (for the first position in the exponent), or values between 0 and 9 (for the
second position in the exponent).
c. Select.
Note: When switching between decimal and exponential notation, any unsaved edits are lost. The
system reverts to the previously saved value.
Note: While in exponential notation, the positions of the decimal point and exponent are fixed.
14
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter User Interface
Figure 3-4
Numeric values in exponential notation
Before You Begin
SX.XXXEYY
Sign
Digit (0–9)
Digits
Enter a four-digit
Sign or Digit (0–3)
number; three digits
must fall to the right E
of the decimal point. Exponent
indicator
To change from exponential to decimal notation:
1. Select until the E is flashing.
Startup
2. Scroll to d.
3. Select. The display changes to remove the exponent.
To exit the menu:
•
•
If the value has been changed, Select and Scroll simultaneously until the confirmation screen
is displayed.
-
Select to apply the change and exit.
-
Scroll to exit without applying the change.
If the value has not been changed, Select and Scroll simultaneously until the previous screen
is displayed.
Transmitter User Interface
Using ProLink II
Configuration and Use Manual
15
16
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
4.1
Before You Begin
Chapter 4
Connecting with ProLink II or Pocket ProLink
Software
Overview
ProLink II is a Windows-based configuration and management tool for Micro Motion transmitters. It
provides complete access to transmitter functions and data. Pocket ProLink is a version of ProLink II
that runs on a Pocket PC.
•
Requirements – see Section 4.2
•
Configuration upload/download – see Section 4.3
•
Connecting to a Model 2400S DP transmitter – see Section 4.4
Startup
This chapter provides basic information for connecting ProLink II or Pocket ProLink to your
transmitter. The following topics and procedures are discussed:
The instructions in this manual assume that users are already familiar with ProLink II or
Pocket ProLink software. For more information on using ProLink II, see the ProLink II manual. For
more information on using Pocket ProLink, see the Pocket ProLink manual. Both manuals are
available on the Micro Motion web site (www.micromotion.com). Instructions in this manual will
refer only to ProLink II.
Transmitter User Interface
4.2
Requirements
To use ProLink II with the Model 2400S DP transmitter:
•
You must have ProLink II v2.5 or higher.
•
You must have either the ProLink II installation kit appropriate to your PC and connection
type, or the equivalent equipment. See the ProLink II manual or quick reference guide for
details.
To use Pocket ProLink with the Model 2400S DP transmitter:
•
You must have Pocket ProLink v1.3 or higher.
•
In addition:
If you will connect to the transmitter via the service port clips, you must have either the
Pocket ProLink installation kit or the equivalent equipment. See the Pocket ProLink
manual or quick reference guide for details.
-
If you will connect via the IrDA port, no additional equipment is required.
Configuration and Use Manual
Using ProLink II
-
17
Connecting with ProLink II or Pocket ProLink Software
4.3
Configuration upload/download
ProLink II and Pocket ProLink provide a configuration upload/download function which allows you
to save configuration sets to your PC. This allows:
•
Easy backup and restore of transmitter configuration
•
Easy replication of configuration sets
Micro Motion recommends that all transmitter configurations be saved to a PC as soon as the
configuration is complete. See Figure C-1, and refer to the ProLink II or Pocket ProLink manual for
details.
4.4
Connecting from a PC to a Model 2400S DP transmitter
To connect to the Model 2400S DP transmitter using ProLink II or Pocket ProLink, you must use a
service port connection.
4.4.1
Connection options
The service port can be accessed via the service port clips or the IrDA port.
The service port clips have priority over the IrDA port:
•
If there is an active connection via the service port clips, access via the IrDA port is disabled.
•
If there is an active connection via the IrDA port and a connection attempt is made via the
service port clips, the IrDA connection is terminated.
Additionally:
•
Access via the IrDA port may be disabled altogether. In this case, it is not available for
connections at any time. By default, access via the IrDA port is disabled.
•
The IrDA port may be write-protected. In this case, it can be used only to retrieve data from the
transmitter. By default, the IrDA port is write-protected.
See Section 8.10.2 for more information or to change these settings.
4.4.2
Service port connection parameters
The service port uses default connection parameters. Both ProLink II and Pocket ProLink
automatically use these default parameters when Protocol is set to Service Port.
Additionally, to minimize configuration requirements, the service port employs an auto-detection
scheme when responding to connection requests. The service port will accept all connection requests
within the limits described in Table 4-1. If you are connecting to the service port from another tool,
ensure that configuration parameters are set within these limits.
18
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Connecting with ProLink II or Pocket ProLink Software
Table 4-1
Service port auto-detection limits
Option
Protocol
Modbus ASCII or Modbus RTU(1)
Address
Responds to both:
• Service port address (111)
• Configured Modbus address (default=1)(2)
Baud rate(3)
Standard rates between 1200 and 38,400
Stop bits
1, 2
Parity
Even, odd, none
Before You Begin
Parameter
(1) Service port support for Modbus ASCII may be disabled. See Section 8.10.4.
(2) See Section 8.10.3 for information on configuring the Modbus address.
(3) This is the baud rate between the service port and the connecting program. It is not the PROFIBUS DP baud rate.
4.4.3
Making the connection
To connect to the service port:
Startup
1. If you are using the IrDA port:
a. Ensure that the IrDA port is enabled (see Section 8.10.2).
b. Ensure that there is no connection via the service port clips.
Note: Connections via the service port clips have priority over connections via the IrDA port. If you
are currently connected to the service port clips, you will not be able to connect via the IrDA port.
c. Position the IrDA device for communication with the IrDA port (see Figure 3-2). You do
not need to remove the transmitter housing cover.
2. If you are using the service port clips:
a. Attach the signal converter to the serial or USB port of your PC, using the appropriate
connectors or adapters (e.g., a 25-pin to 9-pin adapter or a USB connector).
b. Remove the transmitter housing cover from the transmitter (see Section 3.3), then connect
the signal converter leads to the service port clips. See Figure 4-1.
Transmitter User Interface
Note: The IrDA port is typically used with Pocket ProLink. To use the IrDA port with ProLink II, a
special device is required; the IrDA port built into many laptop PCs is not supported. For more
information on using the IrDA port with ProLink II, contact Micro Motion customer service.
WARNING
Removing the transmitter housing cover in a hazardous area can cause an
explosion.
Because the transmitter housing cover must be removed to connect to the service
port clips, the service port clips should be used only for temporary connections, for
example, for configuration or troubleshooting purposes.
Using ProLink II
When the transmitter is in an explosive atmosphere, use a different method to
connect to your transmitter.
Configuration and Use Manual
19
Connecting with ProLink II or Pocket ProLink Software
Figure 4-1
Service port connections to service port clips
PC
25-pin to 9-pin serial port
adapter (if necessary)
RS-485 to RS-232
signal converter
RS-485/A
RS-485/B
Service port clips
3. Start ProLink II or Pocket ProLink software. From the Connection menu, click Connect to
Device. In the screen that appears, specify:
•
Protocol: Service Port
•
COM Port: as appropriate for your PC
No other parameters are required.
4. Click Connect. The software will attempt to make the connection.
Note: While you are connected to the IrDA port, both optical switch indicators will flash red, and both
the Scroll and Select optical switches are disabled.
5. If an error message appears:
a. Ensure that you are using the correct COM port.
b. For connections to the IrDA port, ensure that the IrDA port is enabled.
c. For connections to the service port clips, swap the leads between the clips and try again.
d. For connections to the service port clips, check all the wiring between the PC and the
transmitter.
4.5
ProLink II language
ProLink II can be configured for several different languages. To configure the ProLink II language,
use the Tools menu. See Figure C-1.
In this manual, English is used as the ProLink II language.
20
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
5.1
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Chapter 5
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Overview
This chapter provides basic information for using a PROFIBUS host with the Model 2400S DP
transmitter. The following topics are discussed:
Support files – see Section 5.2
•
Connecting to the Model 2400S DP transmitter from a PROFIBUS host – see Section 5.3
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the GSD – see Section 5.4
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the device description (EDD) – see Section 5.5
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters – see Section 5.6
Required Configuration
5.2
•
Support files
The following files are available for use with the Model 2400S DP transmitter:
•
-
Viewing process data and alarms
-
Managing totalizers and inventories
-
Accepting external pressure or temperature data for use in pressure or temperature
compensation
Using the Transmitter
•
MMI0A60.GSD – enables:
Device description (EDD) – enables all of the above, plus:
-
Configuration functionality
-
Viewing event status
-
Acknowledging alarms
-
Performing zero and density calibration
-
Performing meter verification
The GSD can be downloaded from the Micro Motion web site (www.micromotion.com), and can be
used with any compatible PROFIBUS host. The EDD can be downloaded from the Micro Motion web
site, and has been certified to work with Siemens Simatic PDM.
Set up the GSD or EDD using the method appropriate to your PROFIBUS host.
Optional Configuration
5.3
Connecting to the Model 2400S DP transmitter
To connect to the Model 2400S DP transmitter:
1. The transmitter automatically detects and uses the DP segment baud rate. If no baud rate is
detected, the transmitter does not attempt communication.
Configuration and Use Manual
21
Using a PROFIBUS Host
2. The factory setting for the hardware address switches is 126, which is the default PROFIBUS
address for decommissioned devices. To commission the transmitter, the node address must be
set to a value in the commissioned range (0–125).
•
If you will set the node address via the hardware address switches:
a. Set the node address to the desired value. See Section 8.10.1.
b. From the PROFIBUS host, connect to the network where the transmitter is installed.
c. Using the same methods that you use for other PROFIBUS-DP devices, establish a
connection to the Model 2400S DP transmitter.
•
If you will set the node address via software:
a. Ensure that the hardware address switches are set to 126 or above.
b. From the PROFIBUS host, connect to the network where the transmitter is installed.
c. Using the same methods that you use for other PROFIBUS-DP devices, establish a
connection to the Model 2400S DP transmitter.
d. Send a Set Slave Address telegram. See Section 8.10.1.
5.4
Using the GSD
Modules available with the GSD are listed in Table 5-1. Note that input and output are from the
perspective of the PROFIBUS host; i.e.:
•
Input modules input data from the transmitter onto the network, and to the PROFIBUS host.
•
Output modules take output data from the network into the transmitter.
Set up any desired modules for data exchange. You may select a maximum of 10 input modules.
Table 5-1
Input and output modules
Module number
Module name
Type
Size (bytes)
Comments
1
Device Status
Input
1
• 0 = Good data
• 1 = Bad data
2
Mass Flow
Input
4
3
Mass Total
Input
4
4
Mass Inventory
Input
4
5
Temperature
Input
4
6
Density
Input
4
7
Volume Flow
Input
4
Liquid volume
8
Volume Total
Input
4
Liquid volume
9
Volume Inventory
Input
4
Liquid volume
10
Drive Gain
Input
4
11
GSV Flow
Input
4
Gas standard volume
12
GSV Total
Input
4
Gas standard volume
13
GSV Inventory
Input
4
Gas standard volume
14
API Density
Input
4
15
API Volume Flow
Input
4
16
API Volume Total
Input
4
17
API Volume Inventory
Input
4
22
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Input and output modules continued
Module number
Module name
Type
Size (bytes)
18
API Avg Density
Input
4
19
API Avg Temperature
Input
4
20
API CTL
Input
4
21
ED Ref Density
Input
4
22
ED Specific Gravity
Input
4
23
ED Std Vol Flow
Input
4
24
ED Std Vol Total
Input
4
Comments
ED Std Vol Inv
Input
4
26
ED Net Mass Flow
Input
4
27
ED Net Mass Total
Input
4
28
ED Net Mass Inv
Input
4
29
ED Net Vol Flow
Input
4
30
ED Net Vol Total
Input
4
31
ED Net Vol Inv
Input
4
32
ED Concentration
Input
4
33
ED Baume
Input
4
34
Ext Pressure
Output
4
35
Ext Temperature
Output
4
36
Start/Stop Totals
Output
1
• 0 = Stop
• 1 = Start
37
Reset Process Totals
Output
1
• 0 = No action
• 1 = Reset
38
Reset Inv Totals
Output
1
• 0 = No action
• 1 = Reset
Required Configuration
25
Using the EDD
When imported into a PROFIBUS host, the EDD controls the organization of specific menus and
parameters. The menus and parameters controlled by the EDD are shown in Appendix C, Figures C-4
through C-12.
5.6
Using the Transmitter
5.5
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Table 5-1
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters
Note that if you choose to configure or use the Model 2400S DP transmitter using PROFIBUS bus
parameters, several kinds of detailed information will be required, for example:
•
The codes used to represent different options (e.g., different measurement units)
•
The bits used to start and stop activities (e.g., totalizers or calibration procedures) or reset
totals
•
The meaning of status bits within status words
The required information is supplied either in the relevant section in the manual or in Appendix D.
Configuration and Use Manual
23
Optional Configuration
Depending on your PROFIBUS host, you may be able to read and write PROFIBUS bus parameters
directly using DP-V1 services. PROFIBUS bus parameters provide direct access to all of the
functionality available through the transmitter’s DP port. PROFIBUS bus parameters are documented
in Appendix D.
24
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
6.1
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Chapter 6
Required Transmitter Configuration
Overview
This chapter describes the configuration procedures that are usually required when a transmitter is
installed for the first time.
The following procedures are discussed:
Characterizing the flowmeter – see Section 6.2
•
Configuring measurement units – see Section 6.3
This chapter provides basic flowcharts for each procedure. For more detailed flowcharts, see the
flowcharts for your communication tool, provided in the appendices to this manual.
For optional transmitter configuration parameters and procedures, see Chapter 8.
Note: All procedures provided in this chapter assume that you have established communication with
the Model 2400S DP transmitter and that you are complying with all applicable safety requirements.
Required Configuration
•
Note: If you are using Pocket ProLink, the interface is similar to the ProLink II interface described in
this chapter.
6.2
Characterizing the flowmeter
6.2.1
When to characterize
If the transmitter and sensor were ordered together, then the flowmeter has already been
characterized. You need to characterize the flowmeter only if the transmitter and sensor are being
paired together for the first time.
6.2.2
Using the Transmitter
Characterizing the flowmeter adjusts the transmitter to compensate for the unique traits of the sensor
it is paired with. The characterization parameters, or calibration parameters, describe the sensor’s
sensitivity to flow, density, and temperature.
Characterization parameters
The characterization parameters are provided on the sensor tag. See Figure 6-1 for illustrations of
sensor tags.
Configuration and Use Manual
25
Optional Configuration
The characterization parameters that must be configured depend on your flowmeter’s sensor type:
“T-Series” or “Other” (also referred to as “Straight Tube” and “Curved Tube,” respectively), as listed
in Table 6-1. The “Other” category includes all Micro Motion sensors except T-Series.
Required Transmitter Configuration
Table 6-1
Sensor calibration parameters
Sensor type
Parameter
T-Series
Other
K1
✓
✓
K2
✓
✓
FD
✓
✓
D1
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
D2
(1)
Temp coeff (DT)
✓(2)
Flowcal
FCF
✓
FTG
✓
FFQ
✓
DTG
✓
DFQ1
✓
DFQ2
✓
(1) On some sensor tags, shown as TC.
(2) See the section entitled “Flow calibration values.”
Figure 6-1
Sample calibration tags
T-Series
Other sensors
19.0005.13
12500142864.44
12502.000
0.0010
14282.000
0.9980
4.44000
310
Flow calibration values
Two factors are used to define flow calibration:
•
The flow calibration factor, which is a 6-character string (five numbers and a decimal point)
•
The temperature coefficient for flow, which is a 4-character string (three numbers and a
decimal point)
These values are concatenated on the sensor tag, but different labels are used for different sensors. As
shown in Figure 6-1:
26
•
For T-Series sensors, the value is called the FCF value.
•
For other sensors, the value is called the Flow Cal value.
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Required Transmitter Configuration
•
Using ProLink II, enter the concatenated 10-character string exactly as shown, including the
decimal points. For example, using the Flow Cal value from Figure 6-1, enter 19.0005.13.
•
Using other methods, you may be required to enter the concatenated value, or you may be
required to enter the two factors separately, i.e., enter a 6-character string and a 4-character
string. Include the decimal point in both strings. For example, using the Flow Cal value from
Figure 6-1:
6.2.3
-
Enter 19.000 for the flow calibration factor.
-
Enter 5.13 for the temperature coefficient for flow.
Using a PROFIBUS Host
When configuring the flow calibration factor:
How to characterize
To characterize the flowmeter:
Required Configuration
1. See the menu flowcharts in Figure 6-2.
2. Ensure that the correct sensor type is configured.
3. Set required parameters, as listed in Table 6-1.
Using the Transmitter
Optional Configuration
Configuration and Use Manual
27
Required Transmitter Configuration
Figure 6-2
Characterizing the flowmeter
ProLink II
PROFIBUS host with EDD
ProLink >
Configuration
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Configuration parameters
Device
· Sensor type
Straight
tube
Sensor
· Sensor type code
Sensor type?
Curved
tube
Flow
Density
Flow
Flow
T-Series(1)
Density
Density
T Series Config
PROFIBUS host with bus parameters(2)
Sensor type
Flow values
Density values(3)
6.3
Block: Device Information (Slot 4)
Index 8 (sensor type code)
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 4 (flow calibration factor, first six characters)
Index 5 (flow calibration factor, last four characters)
(1) Required only for T-Series sensors.
(2) For details on bus parameters, see Tables D-5 and
D-3.
(3) You will configure only a subset of the density values,
depending on sensor type.
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 16 (D1)
Index 17 (D2)
Index 18 (FD)
Index 26 (DTC)
Index 27 (FTG)
Index 28 (FFQ)
Index 29 (DTG)
Index 30 (DFQ1)
Index 31 (DFQ2)
Configuring the measurement units
For each process variable, the transmitter must be configured to use the measurement unit appropriate
to your application.
To configure measurement units, see the menu flowcharts in Figure 6-3. For details on measurement
units for each process variable, see Sections 6.3.1 through 6.3.4.
The measurement units used for totalizers and inventories are assigned automatically, based on the
measurement unit configured for the corresponding process variable. For example, if kg/hr (kilograms
per hour) is configured for mass flow, the unit used for the mass flow totalizer and mass flow
inventory is kg (kilograms). Codes used for the totalizer measurement units are listed in Tables D-10
through D-12.
Note: Pressure unit configuration is required only if you are using pressure compensation (see
Section 9.2) or you are using the Gas Wizard and you need to change the pressure units (see
Section 8.2.1).
28
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Required Transmitter Configuration
Configuring measurement units
ProLink II
ProLink >
Configuration
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Figure 6-3
PROFIBUS host with EDD
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Configuration parameters
Flow(1)
Flow(2)
Density
Flow > GSV >
GSV Process Variables(3)
Temperature
Density
Pressure
Temperature
Required Configuration
Pressure
PROFIBUS host with bus parameters(4)
Display
Off-line maint >
Off-line config
Mass flow unit
Block: Measurement (Slot 1)
Index 5
Temperature unit
Block: Measurement (Slot 1)
Index 7
Density unit
Block: Measurement (Slot 1)
Index 9
Volume flow unit
(liquid)
Block: Measurement (Slot 1)
Index 11
Volume flow unit
(GSV)
Block: Measurement (Slot 1)
Index 38
Units
Mass
Density
Using the Transmitter
Vol (or GSV)
Temperature
Pressure
Pressure unit
Used for mass flow, liquid volume flow, and gas standard volume flow.
Used for mass flow and liquid volume flow.
Used for gas standard volume flow.
Set parameters to the desired Unit Code, as listed in Tables 6-2 through 6-7. See Tables D-2 and D-3 if
required.
Configuration and Use Manual
Optional Configuration
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 38
29
Required Transmitter Configuration
6.3.1
Mass flow units
The default mass flow measurement unit is g/s. See Table 6-2 for a complete list of mass flow
measurement units.
Table 6-2
Mass flow measurement units
Mass flow unit
Display
ProLink II
EDD label
EDD code
Unit description
G/S
g/s
g_per_s
1318
Grams per second
G/MIN
g/min
g_per_min
1319
Grams per minute
G/H
g/hr
g_per_hr
1320
Grams per hour
KG/S
kg/s
kg_per_s
1322
Kilograms per second
KG/MIN
kg/min
kg_per_min
1323
Kilograms per minute
KG/H
kg/hr
kg_per_hr
1324
Kilograms per hour
KG/D
kg/day
kg_per_day
1325
Kilograms per day
T/MIN
mTon/min
t_per_min
1327
Metric tons per minute
T/H
mTon/hr
t_per_hr
1328
Metric tons per hour
T/D
mTon/day
t_per_day
1329
Metric tons per day
LB/S
lbs/s
lb_per_s
1330
Pounds per second
LB/MIN
lbs/min
lb_per_min
1331
Pounds per minute
LB/H
lbs/hr
lb_per_hr
1332
Pounds per hour
LB/D
lbs/day
lb_per_day
1333
Pounds per day
ST/MIN
sTon/min
Ston_per_min
1335
Short tons (2000 pounds) per minute
ST/H
sTon/hr
Ston_per_hr
1336
Short tons (2000 pounds) per hour
ST/D
sTon/day
Ston_per_day
1337
Short tons (2000 pounds) per day
LT/H
lTon/hr
Lton_per_hr
1340
Long tons (2240 pounds) per hour
LT/D
lTon/day
Lton_per_day
1341
Long tons (2240 pounds) per day
6.3.2
Volume flow units
The default volume flow measurement unit is l/s (liters per second).
Two different sets of volume flow measurement units are provided:
•
Units typically used for liquid volume – see Table 6-3
•
Units typically used for gas standard volume – see Table 6-4
If you are using ProLink II or the display, only liquid volume flow units are listed by default. To
access the gas standard volume flow units, you must first configure the volume flow type: liquid or
gas standard.
If you want to measure gas standard volume flow, additional configuration is required. See Section 8.2
for more information.
30
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Required Transmitter Configuration
Volume flow measurement units – Liquid
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Table 6-3
Volume flow unit
Display
ProLink II
EDD label
EDD code
Unit description
CUFT/S
ft3/sec
CFS
1356
Cubic feet per second
CUF/MN
ft3/min
CFM
1357
Cubic feet per minute
ft3/hr
CFH
1358
Cubic feet per hour
CUFT/D
ft3/day
ft3_per_day
1359
Cubic feet per day
M3/S
m3/sec
m3_per_s
1347
Cubic meters per second
M3/MIN
m3/min
m3_per_min
1348
Cubic meters per minute
M3/H
m3/hr
m3_per_hr
1340
Cubic meters per hour
M3/D
m3/day
m3_per_day
1350
Cubic meters per day
USGPS
US gal/sec
gal_per_s
1362
U.S. gallons per second
USGPM
US gal/min
GPM
1363
U.S. gallons per minute
USGPH
US gal/hr
gal_per_hour
1364
U.S. gallons per hour
USGPD
US gal/d
gal_per_day
1365
U.S. gallons per day
MILG/D
mil US gal/day
Mgal_per_day
1366
Million U.S. gallons per day
L/S
l/sec
L_per_s
1351
Liters per second
L/MIN
l/min
L_per_min
1352
Liters per minute
L/H
l/hr
L_per_hr
1353
Liters per hour
MILL/D
mil l/day
Ml_per_day
1355
Million liters per day
UKGPS
Imp gal/sec
ImpGal_per_s
1367
Imperial gallons per second
Imp gal/min
ImpGal_per_min
1368
Imperial gallons per minute
UKGPH
Imp gal/hr
ImpGal_per_hr
1369
Imperial gallons per hour
UKGPD
Imp gal/day
ImpGal_per_day
1370
Imperial gallons per day
BBL/S
barrels/sec
bbl_per_s
1371
Barrels per second(1)
BBL/MN
barrels/min
bbl_per_min
1372
Barrels per minute(1)
BBL/H
barrels/hr
bbl_per_hr
1373
Barrels per hour(1)
BBL/D
barrels/day
bbl_per_day
1374
Barrels per day(1)
BBBL/S
Beer barrels/sec
Beer_bbl_per_s
1642
Beer barrels per second(2)
BBBL/MN
Beer barrels/min
Beer_bbl_per_min
1643
Beer barrels per minute(2)
BBBL/H
Beer barrels/hr
Beer_bbl_per_hr
1644
Beer barrels per hour(2)
BBBL/D
Beer barrelsday
Beer_bbl_per_day
1645
Beer barrels per day(2)
Using the Transmitter
UKGPM
Required Configuration
CUFT/H
(1) Unit based on oil barrels (42 U.S. gallons).
(2) Unit based on U.S. beer barrels (31 U.S. gallons).
Optional Configuration
Configuration and Use Manual
31
Required Transmitter Configuration
Table 6-4
Volume flow measurement units – Gas
Volume flow unit
Display
ProLink II
EDD label
EDD code
Unit description
NM3/S
Nm3/sec
Nm3_per_s
1522
Normal cubic meters per second
NM3/MN
Nm3/min
Nm3_per_min
1523
Normal cubic meters per minute
NM3/H
Nm3/hr
Nm3_per_hr
1524
Normal cubic meters per hour
NM3/D
Nm3/day
Nm3_per_day
1525
Normal cubic meters per day
NLPS
NLPS
NL_per_s
1532
Normal liter per second
NLPM
NLPM
NL_per_min
1533
Normal liter per minute
NLPH
NLPH
NL_per_hr
1534
Normal liter per hour
NLPD
NLPD
NL_per_day
1535
Normal liter per day
SCFS
SCFS
SCFS
1604
Standard cubic feet per second
SCFM
SCFM
SCFM
1360
Standard cubic feet per minute
SCFH
SCFH
SCFH
1361
Standard cubic feet per hour
SCFD
SCFD
SCFD
1605
Standard cubic feet per day
SM3/S
Sm3/S
Sm3_per_s
1527
Standard cubic meters per second
SM3/MN
Sm3/min
Sm3_per_min
1528
Standard cubic meters per minute
SM3/H
Sm3/hr
Sm3_per_hr
1529
Standard cubic meters per hour
SM3/D
Sm3/day
Sm3_per_day
1530
Standard cubic meters per day
SLPS
SLPS
SL_per_s
1537
Standard liter per second
SLPM
SLPM
SL_per_min
1538
Standard liter per minute
SLPH
SLPH
SL_per_hr
1539
Standard liter per hour
SLPD
SLPD
SL_per_day
1540
Standard liter per day
6.3.3
Density units
The default density measurement unit is g/cm3. See Table 6-2 for a complete list of density
measurement units.
Table 6-5
Density measurement units
Density unit
Display
ProLink II
EDD label
EDD code
Unit description
G/CM3
g/cm3
g_per_cm3
1100
Grams per cubic centimeter
G/L
g/l
g_per_L
1105
Grams per liter
G/ML
g/ml
g_per_ml
1104
Grams per milliliter
KG/L
kg/l
kg_per_L
1103
Kilograms per liter
KG/M3
kg/m3
kg_per_m3
1097
Kilograms per cubic meter
LB/GAL
lbs/Usgal
lb_per_gal
1108
Pounds per U.S. gallon
LB/CUF
lbs/ft3
lb_per_ft3
1107
Pounds per cubic foot
LB/CUI
lbs/in3
lb_per_in3
1106
Pounds per cubic inch
32
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Required Transmitter Configuration
Density measurement units continued
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Table 6-5
Density unit
Display
ProLink II
EDD label
EDD code
Unit description
ST/CUY
sT/yd3
Ston_per_yd3
1109
Short ton per cubic yard
D API
degAPI
DegAPI
1113
Degrees API
SGU
SGU
SGU
1114
Specific gravity unit (not temperature
corrected)
6.3.4
Temperature units
The default temperature measurement unit is °C. See Table 6-6 for a complete list of temperature
measurement units.
Required Configuration
Table 6-6
Temperature measurement units
Temperature unit
Display
ProLink II
EDD label
EDD code
Unit description
°C
°F
°R
°K
°C
°F
°R
°K
Deg_C
1001
Degrees Celsius
Deg_F
1002
Degrees Fahrenheit
Deg_R
1003
Degrees Rankine
K
1000
Kelvin
6.3.5
Pressure units
The flowmeter does not measure pressure. You need to configure the pressure units if either of the
following is true:
You will configure pressure compensation (see Section 9.2). In this case, configure the
pressure unit to match the pressure unit used by the external pressure device.
•
You will use the Gas Wizard, you will enter a reference pressure value, and you need to change
the pressure unit to match the reference pressure value (see Section 8.2).
If you do not know whether or not you will use pressure compensation or the Gas Wizard, you do not
need to configure a pressure unit at this time. You can always configure the pressure unit later.
Using the Transmitter
•
The default pressure measurement unit is PSI. See Table 6-7 for a complete list of pressure
measurement units.
7
Table 6-7
Pressure measurement units
Pressure unit
ProLink II
EDD label
EDD code
Unit description
FTH2O
Ft Water @ 68°F
ft. H2O @68 DegF
1154
Feet water @ 68 °F
INW4C
In Water @ 4°C
inch H2O @4 DegC
1147
Inches water @ 4 °C
INW60
In Water @ 60°F
inch H2O @60 DegF
1146
Inches water @ 60 °F
INH2O
In Water @ 68°F
inch H2O @68 DegF
1148
Inches water @ 68 °F
mmW4C
mm Water @ 4°C
mm H2O @4 DegC
1150
Millimeters water @ 4 °C
mmH2O
mm Water @ 68°F
mm H2O @68 DegF
1151
Millimeters water @ 68 °F
mmHG
mm Mercury @ 0°C
mm Hg @0 DegC
1158
Millimeters mercury @ 0 °C
Configuration and Use Manual
Optional Configuration
Display
33
Required Transmitter Configuration
Table 6-7
Pressure measurement units continued
Pressure unit
Display
ProLink II
EDD label
EDD code
Unit description
INHG
In Mercury @ 0°C
inch Hg @0 DegC
1156
Inches mercury @ 0 °C
PSI
PSI
psi
1141
Pounds per square inch
BAR
bar
bar
1137
Bar
mBAR
millibar
milibar
1138
Millibar
G/SCM
g/cm2
g_per_cm2
1144
Grams per square centimeter
KG/SCM
kg/cm2
kg_per_cm2
1145
Kilograms per square centimeter
PA
pascals
Pa
1130
Pascals
KPA
Kilopascals
KiloPa
1133
Kilopascals
MPA
megapascals
MegaPa
1132
Megapascals
TORR
Torr @ 0C
torr @0 DegC
1139
Torr @ 0 °C
ATM
atms
atm
1140
Atmospheres
34
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
7.1
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Chapter 7
Using the Transmitter
Overview
This chapter describes how to use the transmitter in everyday operation. The following topics and
procedures are discussed:
Using the I&M functions – see Section 7.2
•
Recording process variables – see Section 7.3
•
Viewing process variables – see Section 7.4
•
Using the LEDs – see Section 7.5
•
Viewing transmitter status and alarms – see Section 7.6
•
Handling status alarms – see Section 7.7
•
Viewing and using the totalizers and inventories – see Section 7.8
Required Configuration
•
Note: All procedures provided in this chapter assume that you have established communication with
the Model 2400S DP transmitter and that you are complying with all applicable safety requirements.
Note: If you are using Pocket ProLink, the interface is similar to the ProLink II interface described in
this chapter.
Using the Transmitter
7.2
Using the I&M functions
The Model 2400S DP transmitter implements the following PROFIBUS identification and
maintenance (I&M) functions:
•
I&M 0
•
I&M 1
as specified in Profile Guidelines Part 1: Identification & Maintenance Functions Version 1.1.1,
March 2005.
The I&M functions contain a variety of device and manufacturer information. Two of the I&M value
are set by the user during installation (see Section 8.12). The other values, including the Manufacturer
ID, are hard-coded. The Manufacturer ID stored on the transmitter can be used as a code to obtain
current device and manufacturer data from the PROFIBUS web site
(http://www.profibus.com/IM/Man_ID_Table.xml).
Configuration and Use Manual
35
Optional Configuration
The I&M functions are not accessible via ProLink II or the display. If you are using Siemens Simatic
PDM, v6.0 SP2 or higher is required. Earlier versions do not support I&M functions.
Using the Transmitter
To use the I&M functions:
1. Read the data from the transmitter:
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, connect to the transmitter as a Specialist. See
Figure C-12.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the I&M Functions block (see Table D-9). You
must read the entire 64-byte dataset.
2. If desired, log onto the PROFIBUS web site and enter the Manufacturer ID code retrieved
from the transmitter.
7.3
Recording process variables
Micro Motion suggests that you make a record of the process variables listed below, under normal
operating conditions. This will help you recognize when the process variables are unusually high or
low, and may help in fine-tuning transmitter configuration.
Record the following process variables:
•
Flow rate
•
Density
•
Temperature
•
Tube frequency
•
Pickoff voltage
•
Drive gain
To view these values, see Section 7.4. For information on using this information in troubleshooting,
see Section 11.13.
7.4
Viewing process variables
Process variables include measurements such as mass flow rate, volume flow rate, mass total, volume
total, temperature, and density.
You can view process variables with the display (if your transmitter has a display), ProLink II, or a
PROFIBUS host.
Note: If the petroleum measurement application is enabled, two of the API process variables are
averages: Batch Weighted Average Density and Batch Weighted Average Temperature. For both of
these, the averages are calculated for the current totalizer period, i.e., since the last reset of the API
volume totalizer.
7.4.1
With the display
By default, the display shows the mass flow rate, mass total, volume flow rate, volume total,
temperature, density, and drive gain. If desired, you can configure the display to show other process
variables. See Section 8.9.3.
The LCD panel reports the abbreviated name of the process variable (e.g., DENS for density), the
current value of that process variable, and the associated unit of measure (e.g., G/CM3). See
Appendix E for information on the codes and abbreviations used for display variables.
36
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter
•
If Auto Scroll is enabled, wait until the desired process variable appears on the LCD panel.
•
If Auto Scroll is not enabled, Scroll until the name of the desired process variable either:
-
Appears on the process variable line, or
-
Begins to alternate with the units of measure
The display precision can be configured separately for each process variable (see Section 8.9.3). This
affects only the value shown on the display, and does not affect the actual value as reported by the
transmitter via digital communications.
Using a PROFIBUS Host
To view a process variable with the display, refer to Figure 3-2 and:
Process variable values are displayed using either standard decimal notation or exponential notation:
•
Values < 100,000,000 are displayed in decimal notation (e.g., 1234567.8).
•
Values ≥ 100,000,000 are displayed using exponential notation (e.g., 1.000E08).
If the value is less than the precision configured for that process variable, the value is
displayed as 0 (i.e., there is no exponential notation for fractional numbers).
-
If the value is too large to be displayed with the configured precision, the displayed
precision is reduced (i.e., the decimal point is shifted to the right) as required so that the
value can be displayed.
Required Configuration
7.4.2
-
With ProLink II
The Process Variables window opens automatically when you first connect to the transmitter. This
window displays current values for the standard process variables (mass, volume, density,
temperature, external pressure, and external temperature).
To view the standard process variables with ProLink II, if you have closed the Process Variables
window, click ProLink > Process Variables.
To view API process variables (if the petroleum measurement application is enabled), click ProLink >
Using the Transmitter
API Process Variables.
To view enhanced density process variables (if the enhanced density application is enabled), click
ProLink > ED Process Variables. Different enhanced density process variables are displayed,
depending on the configuration of the enhanced density application.
7.4.3
With a PROFIBUS host and the EDD
If you are using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD:
•
Use the View menu (see Figure C-5) to view the standard process variables. Gas standard
volume, API, and enhanced density process variables are not displayed.
•
Use the Device menu (see Figure C-6) to view all process variables.
With a PROFIBUS host and the GSD
If you are using a PROFIBUS host with the GSD, you must import the desired input modules to your
PROFIBUS host (see Section 5.4). The selected process variables will be available for viewing at the
PROFIBUS host.
Configuration and Use Manual
37
Optional Configuration
7.4.4
Using the Transmitter
7.4.5
With PROFIBUS bus parameters
To read process variable data with PROFIBUS bus parameters:
7.5
•
For petroleum measurement process variables, use the API block (see Table D-7)
•
For enhanced density process variables, use the Enhanced Density block (see Table D-8)
•
For all other process variables, use the Measurement block (see Table D-2)
Using the LEDs
The user interface module provides three LEDs: a status LED, a network LED, and a software address
LED (see Figures 3-1 and 3-2).
•
For transmitters with a display, the LEDs can be viewed with the transmitter housing cover in
place.
•
For transmitters without a display, the transmitter housing cover must be removed to view the
LEDs (see Section 3.3).
For information on:
•
Using the network LED, see Section 7.5.1.
•
Using the software address LED, see Section 7.5.2.
•
Using the status LED, see Section 7.6.1.
7.5.1
Using the network LED
Table 7-1 lists the different states of the network LED and defines each state.
Table 7-1
Network LED states, definitions, and recommendations
Network LED state
Definition
Comments
Off
Device not online
The PROFIBUS-DP communication channel is not
connected to any host system. Check the host
configuration and the wiring, and retry the
connection.
Solid green
Device online and connected
The device is in data exchange with a Class 1
master or is being configured by a Class 2 master.
No action is required.
Flashing green
Device online but not connected
The device has detected the network baud rate, but
communication with a host has not been established.
Solid red
Communication error
Check for any of the following PROFIBUS
communication issues: Invalid Parameterization,
Invalid Configuration, Invalid Slot, Invalid Index,
Invalid C2 Acyclic Communication Initiate Telegram.
7.5.2
Using the software address LED
Table 7-2 lists the different states of the software address LED and defines each state.
38
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter
Software address LED states, definitions, and recommendations
Software address LED state
Definition
Off
Device is in hardware addressing mode.
Solid red
Device is in software addressing mode but address has not been set by host.
Solid green
Device is in software addressing mode and address has been set by host.
7.6
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Table 7-2
Viewing transmitter status
You can view transmitter status using the status LED, ProLink II, a PROFIBUS host using the EDD,
or PROFIBUS bus parameters. Depending on the method chosen, different information is displayed.
7.6.1
Using the status LED
Table 7-3
Transmitter status LED
Status LED state
Alarm priority
Definition
Green
No alarm
Normal operating mode
Flashing yellow
A104 alarm
Zero or calibration in progress
Yellow
Low severity (information) alarm
• Alarm condition: will not cause measurement error
• Digital communications report process data
Red
High severity (fault) alarm
• Alarm condition: will cause measurement error
• Digital communications go to configured fault
action (see Section 8.10.7)
Using the Transmitter
7.6.2
Using ProLink II
ProLink II provides a Status window that displays:
•
Device (alarm) status
•
Event status
•
Assorted other transmitter data
7.6.3
Required Configuration
The status LED shows transmitter status as described in Table 7-3. Note that the status LED does not
report event status or alarm status for alarms with severity level set to Ignore (see Section 8.8).
Using a PROFIBUS host and the EDD
Status information is located in the View menu (see Figure C-5) and the Device menu (see Figures
C-6 and C-7). The View menu displays alarm status. The Device menu displays:
Alarm status
•
Event status
•
Meter and core processor diagnostics
7.6.4
Optional Configuration
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters
Status information is located in the Diagnostic block (see Table D-4).
Configuration and Use Manual
39
Using the Transmitter
7.7
Handling status alarms
Specific process or flowmeter conditions cause status alarms. Each status alarm has an alarm code.
Status alarms are classified into three severity levels: Fault, Information, and Ignore. Severity level
controls how the transmitter responds to the alarm condition.
Note: Some status alarms can be reclassified, i.e., configured for a different severity level. For
information on configuring severity level, see Section 8.8.
Note: For detailed information on a specific status alarm, including possible causes and
troubleshooting suggestions, see Table 11-2. Before troubleshooting status alarms, first acknowledge
all alarms. This will remove inactive alarms from the list so that you can focus troubleshooting efforts
on active alarms.
The transmitter maintains two status flags for each alarm:
•
The first status flag indicates current “active” or “inactive” status.
•
The second status flag indicates current “acknowledged” or “unacknowledged” status.
In addition, the transmitter maintains alarm history for the 50 most recent alarm occurrences. Alarm
history includes:
•
The alarm code
•
The “alarm active” timestamp
•
The “alarm inactive” timestamp
•
The “alarm acknowledged” timestamp
When the transmitter detects an alarm condition, it checks the severity level of the specific alarm and
performs the actions described in Table 7-4.
Table 7-4
Transmitter responses to status alarms
Transmitter response
Status flags
Alarm history
Digital communications
fault action
Fault
• “Alarm active” status flag set
immediately
• “Alarm unacknowledged” status
flag set immediately
“Alarm active” record
written to alarm history
immediately
Activated after configured fault
timeout has expired (if
applicable)(2)
Informational
• “Alarm active” status flag set
immediately
• “Alarm unacknowledged” status
flag set immediately
“Alarm active” record
written to alarm history
immediately
Not activated
Ignore
• “Alarm active” status flag set
immediately
• “Alarm unacknowledged” status
flag set immediately
No action
Not activated
Alarm severity
level(1)
(1) See Section 8.8 for information on setting the alarm severity level.
(2) See Sections 8.10.7 and 8.10.8 for more information on digital communications fault action and fault timeout.
40
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter
•
The first status flag is set to “inactive.”
•
Digital communications fault action is deactivated (Fault alarms only).
•
The “alarm inactive” record is written to alarm history (Fault and Informational alarms only).
•
The second status flag is not changed.
Operator action is required to return the second status flag to “acknowledged.” Alarm
acknowledgment is optional. If the alarm is acknowledged, the “alarm acknowledged” record is
written to alarm history.
7.7.1
Using a PROFIBUS Host
When the transmitter detects that the alarm condition has cleared:
Using the display
The display shows information only about active Fault or Informational alarms, based on alarm status
bits. Ignore alarms are filtered out, and you cannot access alarm history via the display.
If the transmitter does not have a display, or if operator access to the alarm menu is disabled (see
Section 8.9.5), alarms can be viewed and acknowledged using ProLink II, a PROFIBUS host with the
EDD, or PROFIBUS bus parameters. Alarm acknowledgment is optional.
Additionally, the display may be configured to enable or disable the Ack All function. If disabled, the
Ack All screen is not displayed and alarms must be acknowledged individually.
Required Configuration
To view or acknowledge alarms using the display menus, see the flowchart in Figure 7-1.
Using the Transmitter
Optional Configuration
Configuration and Use Manual
41
Using the Transmitter
Figure 7-1
Viewing and acknowledging alarms with the display
Scroll and Select simultaneously
for 4 seconds
SEE ALARM
Select
(1) This screen is displayed only if the ACK ALL
function is enabled (see Section 8.9.5) and
there are unacknowledged alarms.
ACK ALL(1)
Yes
No
Select
Scroll
EXIT
Select
Scroll
Active/
unacknowledged
alarms?
Yes
No
Alarm code
Scroll
NO ALARM
Select
Scroll
ACK
EXIT
Yes
Select
7.7.2
No
Scroll
Using ProLink II
ProLink II provides two ways to view alarm information:
•
The Status window
•
The Alarm Log window
Status window
The Status window displays the current status of the alarms considered to be most useful for
information, service, or troubleshooting, including Ignore alarms. The Status window reads alarm
status bits, and does not access alarm history. The Status window does not display acknowledgment
information, and you cannot acknowledge alarms from the Status window.
42
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter
•
Alarms are organized into three categories: Critical, Informational, and Operational. Each
category is displayed on a separate panel.
•
If one or more alarms is active on a panel, the corresponding tab is red.
•
On a panel, a green LED indicates “inactive” and a red LED indicates “active.”
Note: The location of alarms on the Status panels is pre-defined, and is not affected by alarm severity.
To use the Status window:
Using a PROFIBUS Host
In the Status window:
1. Click ProLink > Status.
2. Click the tab for the alarm category you want to view.
Alarm Log window
•
All active Fault and Information alarms
•
All inactive but unacknowledged Fault and Information alarms
Required Configuration
The Alarm Log window selects information from alarm history, and lists all alarms of the following
types:
Ignore alarms are never listed.
You can acknowledge alarms from the Alarm Log window.
In the Alarm Log window:
•
The alarms are organized into two categories: High Priority and Low Priority. Each category is
displayed on a separate panel.
•
On a panel, a green LED indicates “inactive but unacknowledged” and a red LED indicates
“active.”
Using the Transmitter
Note: The location of alarms on the Alarm Log panels is pre-defined, and is not affected by alarm
severity.
To use the Alarm Log window:
1. Click ProLink > Alarm Log.
2. Click the tab for the alarm category you want to view.
3. To acknowledge an alarm, click the Ack checkbox. When the transmitter has processed the
command:
7.7.3
-
If the alarm was inactive, it will be removed from the list.
-
If the alarm was active, it will be removed from the list as soon as the alarm condition
clears.
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD
•
By clicking Device > Device > Alarm Status
•
By clicking View > Display > Alarm Status
Configuration and Use Manual
Optional Configuration
If you are using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, alarm information can be viewed in the Alarm
Status window. You can open the Alarm Status window in either of the following ways:
43
Using the Transmitter
The Alarm Status window displays the current status of the alarms considered to be most useful for
information, service, or troubleshooting, including Ignore alarms. Active alarms are indicated with a
check.
Note: The Alarm Status window reads alarm status bits, and does not access alarm history.
You can use the Alarm Status window to acknowledge a single alarm or to acknowledge all alarms. To
acknowledge a single alarm:
1. Set the Acknowledge Alarm control to the alarm you want to acknowledge.
2. Send the command to the transmitter.
To acknowledge all alarms:
1. Set the Acknowledge All Alarms control to Acknowledge.
2. Send the command to the transmitter.
7.7.4
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, you can use the Diagnostic block to view the status of a group of
preselected alarms, view information about a specific alarm, acknowledge a single alarm or all alarms,
and retrieve information from alarm history. See Table D-4.
To view the status of a group of preselected alarms, use Indices 10–17.
Note: These are the same alarms that are displayed in the ProLink II Status window.
To view information about a single alarm:
1. Set Index 20 to the code of the alarm you want to check.
2. Read Index 22, and interpret the data using the following codes:
•
0x00 = Acknowledged and cleared
•
0x01 = Active and acknowledged
•
0x10 = Not acknowledged, but cleared
•
0x11 = Not acknowledged, and active
3. Other information about the indexed alarm is available in the following locations:
•
Index 23: Number of times this alarm has become active
•
Index 24: The time this alarm was last posted
•
Index 25: The time this alarm was last cleared
To acknowledge a single alarm:
1. Set Index 20 to the code of the alarm you want to check.
2. Write a value of 0 to Index 22.
To acknowledge all alarms, write a value of 1 to Index 30.
To retrieve information from alarm history:
1. Set Index 26 to specifying the number of the alarm record you want to check. Valid values are
0–49.
Note: The alarm history is a circular buffer, and older records are overwritten by newer records. To
determine whether a record is newer or older than another record, you must compare their
timestamps.
44
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter
7.8
•
Index 27: The alarm type
•
Index 29: The time that this alarm changed status
•
Index 28: The type of status change:
-
1 = Alarm posted
-
2 = Alarm cleared
Using a PROFIBUS Host
2. Read the following values:
Using the totalizers and inventories
The totalizers keep track of the total amount of mass or volume measured by the transmitter over a
period of time. The totalizers can be started and stopped, and the totals can be viewed and reset.
The transmitter can store totalizer and inventory values up to 2 64. Values larger than this cause the
internal totalizer to go into overflow.
7.8.1
Viewing current totals for totalizers and inventories
Required Configuration
The inventories track the same values as the totalizers. Whenever totalizers are started or stopped, all
inventories (including the API volume inventory and enhanced density inventories) are started or
stopped automatically. However, when totalizers are reset, inventories are not reset automatically –
you must reset inventories separately. This allows you to use the inventories to keep running totals
across multiple totalizer resets.
You can view current totals for the totalizers and inventories with the display (if your transmitter has a
display), ProLink II, a PROFIBUS host, or PROFIBUS bus parameters.
With the display
To view a totalizer or inventory value, refer to Figure 7-2 and:
1. Check for the word TOTAL in the lower left corner of the LCD panel.
•
If Auto Scroll is enabled, wait until the desired value appears on the LCD panel. You can
also Scroll until the desired value appears.
•
If Auto Scroll is not enabled, Scroll until the desired value appears.
Using the Transmitter
You cannot view current totals with the display unless the display has been configured to show them.
See Section 8.9.3.
2. Refer to Table 7-5 to identify the process variable and unit of measure.
3. Read the current value from the top line of the display.
Table 7-5
Totalizer and inventory values on display
Display behavior
Mass total
Unit of measure displayed; no alternation
Mass inventory
Unit of measure alternates with MASSI
Volume total (liquid)
Unit of measure displayed; no alternation
Volume inventory (liquid)
Unit of measure alternates with LVOLI
Gas standard volume total
Unit of measure displayed; no alternation
Gas standard volume inventory
Unit of measure alternates with GSV I
API corrected volume total
Unit of measure alternates with TCORR
Configuration and Use Manual
Optional Configuration
Process variable
45
Using the Transmitter
Table 7-5
Totalizer and inventory values on display continued
Process variable
Display behavior
API corrected volume inventory
Unit of measure alternates with TCORI
ED net mass total
Unit of measure alternates with NET M
ED net mass inventory
Unit of measure alternates with NETMI
ED net volume total
Unit of measure alternates with NET V
ED net volume inventory
Unit of measure alternates with NETVI
ED standard volume total
Unit of measure alternates with STD V
ED standard volume inventory
Unit of measure alternates with STDVI
Figure 7-2
Totalizer and inventory values on display
Current value
TOTAL
208772.63
L
TOTAL
Unit of measure
Scroll optical switch
Select optical switch
With ProLink II
To view current totals for the totalizers and inventories with ProLink II:
1. Click ProLink.
2. Select Process Variables, API Process Variables, or ED Process Variables.
With a PROFIBUS host and the EDD
If you are using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD:
•
Use the View menu (see Figure C-5) to view the standard totals and inventories. Totals for gas
standard volume, API, and enhanced density process variables are not displayed.
•
Use the Device menu (see Figure C-6) to view all total and inventory values.
With a PROFIBUS host and the GSD
If you are using a PROFIBUS host with the GSD, you must import the desired input modules to your
PROFIBUS host (see Section 5.4). The selected process variables will be available for viewing at the
PROFIBUS host.
46
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter
Using a PROFIBUS Host
With PROFIBUS bus parameters
To view current totals for the totalizers and inventories using PROFIBUS bus parameters, see
Section 7.4.5.
7.8.2
Controlling totalizers and inventories
Specific starting, stopping, and resetting functionality depends on the tool you are using.
With the display
If the required value is shown on the display, you can use the display to start and stop all totalizers
and inventories simultaneously, or to reset individual totalizers. See the flowchart in Figure 7-3. You
cannot reset any inventories with the display.
Controlling totalizers and inventories with the display
Required Configuration
Figure 7-3
Process variable
display
Scroll
API total(1)(2)
Mass total(1)
Scroll
Volume total(1)
Scroll
ED total(1)(2)
Select
E1--SP(3)
EXIT
Scroll
Scroll
STOP/START(4)(5)
RESET(6)(7)
Scroll
Scroll
E2--SP(3)
Select
Select
STOP/START YES?
RESET YES?
No
Yes
Scroll
Select
No
Scroll
(1) Displayed only if configured as a display variable.
(2) The petroleum measurement application or enhanced density application must be enabled.
(3) The Event Setpoint screens can be used to define or change Setpoint A for Event 1 or Event 2 only. These screens are displayed
only for specific types of events. To reset the setpoint for an event defined on mass total, you must enter the totalizer management
menu from the mass total screen. To reset the setpoint for an event defined on volume total, you must enter the totalizer
management menu from the volume total screen. See Section 8.6.3 for more information.
(4) The display must be configured to allow stopping and starting. See Section 8.9.5.
(5) All totalizers and inventories will be stopped and started together, including API and enhanced density totalizers and inventories.
(6) The display must be configured to allow totalizer resetting. See Section 8.9.5.
(7) Only the totalizer currently shown on the display will be reset. No other totalizers will be reset, and no inventories will be reset.
Be sure that the totalizer you want to reset is displayed before performing this reset.
Using the Transmitter
Yes
Select
Optional Configuration
Configuration and Use Manual
47
Using the Transmitter
With ProLink II
The totalizer and inventory control functions available with ProLink II are listed in Table 7-6. Note
the following:
•
ProLink II does not support separate resetting of the API volume totalizer and API volume
inventory. To reset these, you must reset all totalizers or all inventories.
•
By default, the ability to reset inventories from ProLink II is disabled. To enable it:
a. Click View > Preferences.
b. Check the Enable Inventory Totals Reset checkbox.
c. Click Apply.
Table 7-6
Totalizer and inventory control functions supported by ProLink II
Inventory reset
Object
Function
Disabled
Enabled
Totalizers and
inventories
Starting and stopping as a group
✓
✓
Totalizers
Resetting all
✓
✓
Resetting mass totalizer separately
✓
✓
Resetting volume totalizer separately
✓
✓
Resetting enhanced density totalizers separately
✓
✓
Resetting API volume totalizer separately
Not supported
Not supported
Inventories
Resetting all
✓
Resetting mass inventory separately
✓
Resetting volume inventory separately
✓
Resetting enhanced density inventories separately
✓
Resetting API volume inventory separately
Not supported
Not supported
To start or stop all totalizers and inventories:
1. Click ProLink > Totalizer Control or ProLink > ED Totalizer Control (if the enhanced
density application is enabled).
2. Click the All Totals Start or All Totals Stop button.
Note: The All Totals functions are replicated in these two windows for convenience. You can start or
stop all totalizers and inventories from either window.
To reset all totalizers:
1. Click ProLink > Totalizer Control or ProLink > ED Totalizer Control (if the enhanced
density application is enabled).
2. Click the All Totals Reset button.
To reset all inventories:
1. Click ProLink > Totalizer Control or ProLink > ED Totalizer Control (if the enhanced
density application is enabled).
2. Click the All Totals Reset Inventories button.
48
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Using the Transmitter
1. Click ProLink > Totalizer Control or ProLink > ED Totalizer Control (if the enhanced
density application is enabled).
2. Click the appropriate button (e.g., Reset Mass Total, Reset Volume Inventory, Reset Net
Mass Total).
With a PROFIBUS host and the EDD
If you are using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, you can use the Device window to stop and start all
totalizers and inventories together; reset all totalizers together; reset all inventories together; or reset
standard, API, or enhanced density totals and inventories separately. See Figure C-6.
Using a PROFIBUS Host
To reset an individual totalizer or inventory:
With a PROFIBUS host and the GSD
1. Import them to your PROFIBUS host.
2. Send the appropriate Reset command to the transmitter.
With PROFIBUS bus parameters
The totalizer and inventory control functions available with PROFIBUS bus parameters are listed in
Table 7-7.
Table 7-7
Required Configuration
If you are using a PROFIBUS host with the GSD, output modules 36, 37, and 38 are used for totalizer
and inventory control. You can start and stop all totalizers and inventories together, reset all totalizers
together, or reset all inventories together. To use these output modules:
Totalizer and inventory control with PROFIBUS bus parameters
Stop all totalizers and inventories
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 22
Value: 0
Start all totalizers and inventories
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 22
Value: 1
Reset all totalizers
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 23
Value: 1
Reset all inventories
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 24
Value: 1
Reset mass totalizer
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 25
Value: 1
Reset mass inventory
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 43
Value: 1
Reset liquid volume totalizer
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 26
Value: 1
Reset liquid volume inventory
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 44
Value: 1
Reset gas standard volume totalizer
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 41
Value: 1
Configuration and Use Manual
Optional Configuration
Use
Using the Transmitter
To accomplish this
49
Using the Transmitter
Table 7-7
Totalizer and inventory control with PROFIBUS bus parameters continued
To accomplish this
Use
Reset gas standard volume inventory
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index: 42
Value: 1
Reset API reference volume total
API block (Slot 6)
Index: 11
Value: 1
Reset API reference volume inventory
API block (Slot 6)
Index: 12
Value: 1
Reset ED standard volume total
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7)
Index: 17
Value: 1
Reset ED net mass total
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7)
Index: 18
Value: 1
Reset ED net volume total
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7)
Index: 19
Value: 1
Reset ED standard volume inventory
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7)
Index: 20
Value: 1
Reset ED net mass inventory
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7)
Index: 21
Value: 1
Reset ED net volume inventory
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7)
Index: 22
Value: 1
50
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
8.1
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Chapter 8
Optional Configuration
Overview
This chapter describes transmitter configuration parameters that may or may not be used, depending
on your application requirements. For required transmitter configuration, see Chapter 6.
Note: All procedures provided in this chapter assume that you have established communication with
the Model 2400S DP transmitter and that you are complying with all applicable safety requirements.
Note: If you are using Pocket ProLink, the interface is similar to the ProLink II interface described in
this chapter.
Table 8-1
Configuration map
Required Configuration
Table 8-1 lists the parameters that are discussed in this chapter. Default values and ranges for the most
commonly used parameters are provided in Appendix A.
Method
ProLink II
PROFIBUS host(1)
Volume flow
measurement for gas
✓
✓
8.2
Cutoffs
✓
✓
8.3
Damping
✓
✓
8.4
Flow direction
✓
✓
8.5
Topic
Subtopic
Display
Section
✓
✓
8.6
✓
✓
8.7
Status alarm severity
✓
✓
8.8
Update period
✓
✓
✓
8.9.1
Display language
✓
✓
✓
8.9.2
Display variables and
precision
✓
✓
8.9.3
LCD panel backlight
✓
✓
8.9.4
Totalizer start/stop
✓
✓
✓
Totalizer reset
✓
✓
✓
Auto scroll
✓
✓
✓
Scroll rate
✓
✓
✓
Offline menu
✓
✓
✓
Password
✓
✓
✓
Alarm menu
✓
✓
✓
Ack all
✓
✓
✓
(2)
Display
8.9.5
Optional Configuration
Configuration and Use Manual
Using the Transmitter
Events
Slug flow
51
Optional Configuration
Table 8-1
Configuration map continued
Method
Topic
Subtopic
Digital communication
settings
ProLink II
PROFIBUS host(1)
Display
Section
✓
✓
8.10.1
✓
✓
8.10.2
(3)
PROFIBUS node
address
(4)
IrDA port usage
✓
Modbus address
✓
✓
8.10.3
Modbus ASCII support
✓
✓
8.10.4
Floating-point byte
order
✓
8.10.5
Additional
communications
response delay
✓
8.10.6
Digital communications
fault action
✓
✓
8.10.7
Fault timeout
✓
✓
8.10.8
✓
✓
8.11
✓
8.12
Device settings
(5)
I&M functions
Sensor parameters
✓
✓
8.13
Petroleum
measurement
application
✓
✓
8.14
Enhanced density
application
✓
✓
8.15
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Via either the EDD or PROFIBUS bus parameters.
These parameters apply only to transmitters with a display.
Via a Set Slave Address telegram.
Via the address witches on the face of the transmitter.
Via PROFIBUS bus parameters only.
8.2
Configuring volume flow measurement for gas
Two types of volume flow measurement are available:
•
Liquid volume (the default)
•
Gas standard volume
Only one type of volume flow measurement can be performed at a time (i.e., if liquid volume flow
measurement is enabled, gas standard volume flow measurement is disabled, and vice versa).
Different sets of volume flow measurement units are available, depending on which type of volume
flow measurement is enabled (see Tables 6-3 and 6-4). If you want to use a gas volume flow unit,
additional configuration is required.
Note: If you will use the petroleum measurement application or the enhanced density application,
liquid volume flow measurement is required.
52
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
•
Enable gas standard volume flow
•
Select the measurement unit to use
•
Set the low flow cutoff value
•
Specify the standard density (density at reference conditions) of your gas
Using a PROFIBUS Host
The method used to configure volume flow measurement for gas depends on the method you are
using: ProLink II, a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, or PROFIBUS bus parameters. In all cases, you
must:
Note: Using the display, you can only select a volume measurement unit from the set available for the
configured volume flow type. You cannot configure any other parameters.
8.2.1
Using ProLink II
1. Click ProLink > Configure > Flow.
2. Set Vol Flow Type to Std Gas Volume.
3. Select the measurement unit you want to use from the Std Gas Vol Flow Units dropdown list.
The default is SCFM.
4. Configure the Std Gas Vol Flow Cutoff (see Section 8.3). The default is 0.
5. If you know the standard density of the gas that you are measuring, enter it in the Std Gas
Density field. If you do not know the standard density, you can use the Gas Wizard. See the
following section.
Required Configuration
To configure volume flow measurement for gas using ProLink II:
Using the Gas Wizard
The Gas Wizard is used to calculate the standard density of the gas that you are measuring.
To use the Gas Wizard:
Using the Transmitter
1. Click ProLink > Configure > Flow.
2. Click the Gas Wizard button.
3. If your gas is listed in the Choose Gas dropdown list:
a. Enable the Choose Gas radio button.
b. Select your gas.
4. If your gas is not listed, you must describe its properties.
a. Enable the Enter Other Gas Property radio button.
b. Enable the method that you will use to describe its properties: Molecular Weight,
Specific Gravity Compared to Air, or Density.
Note: Ensure that the values entered here are correct, and that fluid composition is stable. If either of
these conditions is not met, gas flow measurement accuracy will be degraded.
5. Click Next.
6. Verify the reference temperature and reference pressure. If these are not appropriate for your
application, click the Change Reference Conditions button and enter new values for
reference temperature and reference pressure.
Configuration and Use Manual
53
Optional Configuration
c. Provide the required information. Note that if you selected Density, you must enter the
value in the configured density units and you must provide the temperature and pressure at
which the density value was determined.
Optional Configuration
7. Click Next. The calculated standard density value is displayed.
•
If the value is correct, click Finish. The value will be written to transmitter configuration.
•
If the value is not correct, click Back and modify input values as required.
Note: The Gas Wizard displays density, temperature, and pressure in the configured units. If required,
you can configure the transmitter to use different units. See Section 6.3.
8.2.2
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD
To configure volume flow measurement for gas using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD:
1. Referring to Figure C-8:
a. Enable GSV.
b. Send the command to the transmitter.
c. Configure Gas density value, GSV flow units, GSV total units, and GSV cutoff as
desired.
2. Send the command to the transmitter.
8.2.3
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters
To configure volume flow measurement for gas using PROFIBUS bus parameters:
1. Referring to the Measurement block (Table D-2):
a. Enable gas standard volume measurement (Index 33).
b. Set other gas measurement parameters as desired (Indices 34, 38, and 40).
2. Send the command to the transmitter.
8.3
Configuring cutoffs
Cutoffs are user-defined values below which the transmitter reports a value of zero for the specified
process variable. Cutoffs can be set for mass flow, volume flow, gas standard volume flow, and
density.
See Table 8-2 for cutoff default values and related information. See Section 8.3.1 for information on
how the cutoffs interact with other transmitter measurements.
To configure cutoffs:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-8.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Measurement block (see Table D-2), Indices 18, 19,
20, and 40.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
54
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
Cutoff default values
Cutoff type
Default
Comments
Mass flow
0.0 g/s
Recommended setting: 5% of the sensor’s rated maximum flowrate
Volume flow
0.0 L/s
Limit: the sensor’s flow calibration factor in liters per second, multiplied by 0.2
Gas standard volume
flow
0.0 SCFM
No limit
Density
0.2 g/cm3
Range: 0.0–0.5 g/cm3
8.3.1
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Table 8-2
Cutoffs and volume flow
If liquid volume flow is enabled:
The density cutoff is applied to the volume flow calculation. Accordingly, if the density drops
below its configured cutoff value, the volume flow rate will go to zero.
•
The mass flow cutoff is not applied to the volume flow calculation. Even if the mass flow
drops below the cutoff, and therefore the mass flow indicators go to zero, the volume flow rate
will be calculated from the actual mass flow process variable.
If gas standard volume flow is enabled, neither the mass flow cutoff nor the density cutoff is applied
to the volume flow calculation.
8.4
Configuring the damping values
Required Configuration
•
A damping value is a period of time, in seconds, over which the process variable value will change to
reflect 63% of the change in the actual process. Damping helps the transmitter smooth out small,
rapid measurement fluctuations.
A high damping value makes the output appear to be smoother because the output must change
slowly.
•
A low damping value makes the output appear to be more erratic because the output changes
more quickly.
Damping can be configured for flow, density, and temperature.
When you specify a new damping value, it is automatically rounded down to the nearest valid
damping value. Valid damping values are listed in Table 8-3.
Note: For gas applications, Micro Motion recommends a minimum flow damping value of 2.56.
Using the Transmitter
•
Before setting the damping values, review Section 8.4.1 for information on how the damping values
affect other transmitter measurements.
To configure damping values:
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-8.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Measurement block (see Table D-2), Indices 12, 13,
and 14.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
Configuration and Use Manual
55
Optional Configuration
•
Optional Configuration
Table 8-3
Valid damping values
Process variable
Valid damping values
Flow (mass and volume)
0, 0.04, 0.08, 0.16, ... 40.96
Density
0, 0.04, 0.08, 0.16, ... 40.96
Temperature
0, 0.6, 1.2, 2.4, 4.8, ... 76.8
8.4.1
Damping and volume measurement
When configuring damping values, note the following:
•
Liquid volume flow is derived from mass and density measurements; therefore, any damping
applied to mass flow and density will affect liquid volume measurement.
•
Gas standard volume flow is derived from mass flow measurement, but not from density
measurement. Therefore, only damping applied to mass flow will affect gas standard volume
measurement.
Be sure to set damping values accordingly.
8.5
Configuring the flow direction parameter
The flow direction parameter controls how the transmitter reports flow rate and how flow is added to
or subtracted from the totalizers, under conditions of forward flow, reverse flow, or zero flow.
•
Forward (positive) flow moves in the direction of the arrow on the sensor.
•
Reverse (negative) flow moves in the direction opposite of the arrow on the sensor.
Options for flow direction include:
•
Forward only
•
Reverse only
•
Absolute value
•
Bidirectional
•
Negate/Forward only
•
Negate/Bidirectional
For the effect of flow direction on flow totals and flow values, see Table 8-4.
To configure flow direction:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-8.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Measurement block (see Table D-2), Index 21.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
56
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
Effect of flow direction on totalizers and flow values
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Table 8-4
Forward flow(1)
Flow direction value
Flow totals
Flow values
Forward only
Increase
Positive
Reverse only
No change
Positive
Bidirectional
Increase
Positive
Absolute value
Increase
Positive(2)
Negate/Forward only
No change
Negative
Negate/Bidirectional
Decrease
Negative
Zero flow
Flow totals
Flow values
All
No change
0
Required Configuration
Flow direction value
Reverse flow(3)
Flow direction value
Flow totals
Flow values
Forward only
No change
Negative
Reverse only
Increase
Negative
Bidirectional
Decrease
Negative
Absolute value
Increase
Positive(2)
Negate/Forward only
Increase
Positive
Negate/Bidirectional
Increase
Positive
(1) Process fluid flowing in same direction as flow direction arrow on sensor.
(2) Refer to the digital communications status bits for an indication of whether flow is positive or negative.
(3) Process fluid flowing in opposite direction from flow direction arrow on sensor.
Using the Transmitter
8.6
Configuring events
An event occurs if the real-time value of a user-specified process variable varies above or below a
user-specified value, or inside or outside a user-specified range. You can configure up to five events.
You may optionally specify one or more actions that will occur if the event occurs. For example, if
Event 1 occurs, you may specify that the transmitter will stop all totalizers and inventories and reset
the mass totalizer.
8.6.1
Defining events
To define an event:
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-3.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-9.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Diagnostic block (see Table D-4).
Optional Configuration
•
The following general steps are required:
1. Select the event to define (Diagnostic block, Index 4).
2. Specify the Event Type (Diagnostic block, Index 5). Event Type options are defined in
Table 8-5.
3. Assign a process variable to the event (Diagnostic block, Index 8).
Configuration and Use Manual
57
Optional Configuration
4. Specify the event’s setpoint(s) – the value(s) at which the event will occur or switch state (ON
to OFF, or vice versa).
•
If Event Type is High or Low, only Setpoint A (Diagnostic block, Index 6) is used.
•
If Event Type is In Range or Out of Range, both Setpoint A (Diagnostic block, Index 6)
and Setpoint B (Diagnostic block, Index 7) are required.
Note: If a mass or volume total has been assigned to Event 1 or Event 2 and also configured as a
display variable, if the event type is High or Low, and the transmitter is configured to allow resetting
totalizers from the display, you can use the display to define or change the high setpoint (Setpoint A).
See Section 7-3.
5. Assign the event to an action or actions, if desired. Possible actions are listed in Table 8-6. To
do this:
•
Using ProLink II, open the Discrete Input panel in the Configuration window, identify the
action to be performed, then specify the event using the dropdown list. See Figure C-3.
Note: For consistency with other Micro Motion products, the Discrete Input panel is used here even
though the Model 2400S DP transmitter does not provide a discrete input.
Table 8-5
•
Using the display, see Figure C-15 and use the ACT submenu.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use Index 83 in the Diagnostic block (see Table D-4) to
specify the event, and Index 82 to assign the action.
Event types
Type
Description
High (> A)
Default. Discrete event will occur if the assigned variable is greater than the setpoint (A).(1)
Low (< A)
Discrete event will occur if the assigned variable is less than the setpoint (A).(1)
In Range
Discrete event will occur if the assigned variable is greater than or equal to the low setpoint (A) and less
than or equal to the high setpoint (B).(2)
Out of Range
Discrete event will occur if the assigned variable is less than or equal to the low setpoint (A) or greater
than or equal to the high setpoint (B).(2)
(1) An event does not occur if the assigned variable is equal to the setpoint.
(2) An event occurs if the assigned variable is equal to the setpoint.
Table 8-6
Event actions
ProLink II label
Display label
EDD label
Description
Start sensor zero
START ZERO
Start Sensor
Zero
Initiates a zero calibration procedure
Reset mass total
RESET MASS
Reset Mass
Total
Resets the value of the mass totalizer to 0
Reset volume total
RESET VOL
Reset
Volume Total
Resets the value of the liquid volume totalizer to 0 (1)
Reset gas std volume total
RESET GSV
Reset GSV
Total
Resets the value of the gas standard volume totalizer
to 0 (2)
Reset API ref vol total
RESET TCORR
Reset API
Volume Total
Resets the value of the API temperature-corrected
volume totalizer to 0 (3)
Reset ED ref vol total
RESET STD V
Reset ED
Volume Total
Resets the value of the ED standard volume totalizer
to 0 (4)
58
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
Event actions continued
ProLink II label
Display label
EDD label
Description
Reset ED net mass total
RESET NET M
Reset ED Net
Mass Total
Resets the value of the ED net mass totalizer to 0 (4)
Reset ED net vol total
RESET NET V
Reset ED Net
Volume Total
Resets the value of the ED net volume totalizer to 0 (4)
Reset all totals
RESET ALL
Reset All
Totals
Resets the value of all totalizers to 0
Start/stop all totalization
START STOP
Start/Stop All
Totals
If totalizers are running, stops all totalizers
If totalizers are not running, starts all totalizers
Increment current ED
curve
INCR CURVE
Increment ED
Curve
Changes the active enhanced density curve from
curve 0 to curve 1, from 1 to 2, etc.(4)
Start meter verification
START VERFY
Start Meter
Verification
Starts a Smart Meter Verification test(5)
Required Configuration
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Table 8-6
Displayed only if Volume Flow Type = Liquid.
Displayed only if Volume Flow Type = Gas.
Available only if the petroleum measurement application is installed.
Available only if the enhanced density application is installed.
Applies only to systems with Smart Meter Verification.
Using the Transmitter
Optional Configuration
Configuration and Use Manual
59
Optional Configuration
Example
Define Discrete Event 1 to be active when the mass flow rate in forward
or backward direction is less than 2 lb/min or greater than 20 lb/min.
Additionally, if this occurs, all totalizers should be stopped.
Using ProLink II:
1. Specify lb/min as the mass flow unit. See Section 6.3.1.
2. Set Flow Direction to Absolute Value. See Section 8.5.
3. Select Event 1.
4. Configure:
•
Event Type = Out of Range
•
Process Variable (PV) = Mass Flow Rate
•
Low Setpoint (A) = 2
•
High Setpoint (B) = 20
5. In the Discrete Input panel, open the dropdown list for Start/Stop
All Totalization and select Discrete Event 1.
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters:
1. Specify lb/min as the mass flow unit. See Section 6.3.1.
2. Set Flow Direction to Absolute Value. See Section 8.5.
3. In the Diagnostic block, set the following attributes:
8.6.2
•
Discrete event index (Index 4) = 0
•
Discrete event action type (Index 5) = 3
•
Discrete event process variable (Index 8) = 0
•
Discrete event setpoint A (Index 6) = 2
•
Discrete event setpoint B (Index 7) = 20
•
Discrete event assignment (Index 83) = 57
•
Discrete event action code (Index 82) = 9
Checking and reporting event status
There are several ways that event status can be determined:
•
ProLink II automatically displays event information on the Informational panel of the Status
window, and also in the Output Levels window.
•
For PROFIBUS hosts using the EDD, event status is displayed in the Device menu (see
Figure C-6).
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, event status is reported in the Diagnostic block, Index 9
(see Table D-4).
Note: You cannot view event status using a PROFIBUS host with the GSD.
60
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
Changing event setpoints from the display
Using a PROFIBUS Host
8.6.3
For Event 1 or Event 2 only, the value of Setpoint A can be changed from the display, under the
following circumstances:
•
A mass total, volume total, petroleum measurement total, or enhanced density total must be
assigned to the event.
•
The event type must be either High or Low.
•
The assigned total must be configured as a display variable (see Section 8.9.3).
•
The transmitter must be configured to allow resetting totalizers from the display (see
Section 8.9.5).
Then, to change Setpoint A from the display:
1. Referring to the totalizer management flowchart in Figure 7-3, Scroll to the appropriate
display screen.
Required Configuration
2. Select.
3. Enter the new setpoint value. See Section 3.5.5 for instructions on entering floating-point
values with the display.
8.7
Configuring slug flow limits and duration
Slugs – gas in a liquid process or liquid in a gas process – occasionally appear in some applications.
The presence of slugs can significantly affect the process density reading. The slug flow parameters
can help the transmitter suppress extreme changes in process variables, and can also be used to
identify process conditions that require correction.
Slug flow parameters are as follows:
Low slug flow limit – the point below which a condition of slug flow will exist. Typically, this
is the lowest density point in your process’s normal density range. Default value is 0.0 g/cm3;
range is 0.0–10.0 g/cm3.
•
High slug flow limit – the point above which a condition of slug flow will exist. Typically, this
is the highest density point in your process’s normal density range. Default value is 5.0 g/cm3;
range is 0.0–10.0 g/cm3.
•
Slug flow duration – the number of seconds the transmitter waits for a slug flow condition
(outside the slug flow limits) to return to normal (inside the slug flow limits). Default value is
0.0 sec; range is 0.0–60.0 sec.
Using the Transmitter
•
If the transmitter detects slug flow:
A slug flow alarm is posted immediately.
•
During the slug duration period, the transmitter holds the mass flow rate at the last measured
pre-slug value, independent of the mass flow rate measured by the sensor. The reported mass
flow rate is set to this value, and all internal calculations that include mass flow rate will use
this value.
•
If slugs are still present after the slug duration period expires, the transmitter forces the mass
flow rate to 0, independent of the mass flow rate measured by the sensor. Mass flow rate is
reported as 0 and all internal calculations that include mass flow rate will use 0.
•
When process density returns to a value within the slug flow limits, the slug flow alarm is
cleared and the mass flow rate reverts to the actual measured value.
Configuration and Use Manual
61
Optional Configuration
•
Optional Configuration
To configure slug flow parameters:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-8.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Diagnostic block (see Table D-4), Indices 1, 2,
and 3.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
Note: The slug flow limits must be entered in g/cm3, even if another unit has been configured for
density. Slug flow duration is entered in seconds. Raising the low slug flow limit or lowering the high
slug flow limit will increase the possibility of slug flow conditions. Conversely, lowering the low slug
flow limit or raising the high slug flow limit will decrease the possibility of slug flow conditions. If
slug flow duration is set to 0, the mass flow rate will be forced to 0 as soon as slug flow is detected.
8.8
Configuring status alarm severity
The 2400S DP transmitter can report faults in the following ways:
•
Setting the “alarm active” status bit
•
Writing an “alarm active” record to alarm history
•
Implementing the digital communications fault action (see Section 8.10.7)
Status alarm severity determines which methods the transmitter will use when a specific alarm
condition occurs. See Table 8-8. (For a more extensive discussion of status alarm processing and
handling, see Section 7.7.)
Table 8-7
Alarm severity levels and fault reporting
Transmitter action if condition occurs
Severity level
“Alarm active”
status bit set?
“Alarm active” record
written to history?
Fault
Yes
Yes
Yes
Informational
Yes
Yes
No
Ignore
Yes
No
No
Fault action activated?(1)
(1) For some alarms, the digital communications fault action will not begin until the fault timeout has expired. To configure fault timeout,
see Section 8.8. Other fault reporting methods occur as soon as the fault condition is recognized. Table 8-8 includes information on
which alarms are affected by the fault timeout.
Some alarms can be reclassified. For example:
•
The default severity level for Alarm A020 (calibration factors unentered) is Fault, but you can
reconfigure it to either Informational or Ignore.
•
The default severity level for Alarm A102 (drive over-range) is Informational, but you can
reconfigure it to either Ignore or Fault.
For a list of all status alarms and default severity levels, see Table 8-8. (For more information on
status alarms, including possible causes and troubleshooting suggestions, see Table 11-2.)
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Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-3.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-9.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Diagnostic block (see Table D-4), Indices 20 and
21.
Using a PROFIBUS Host
To configure alarm severity:
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
Table 8-8
Status alarms and severity levels
Alarm code
Message(1)
Default
severity
Configurable
Affected by
fault timeout
A001
EEprom Checksum Error (Core Processor)
Fault
No
No
Fault
No
No
Fault
Yes
Yes
Fault
No
Yes
Fault
Yes
Yes
Fault
Yes
No
Fault
Yes
Yes
Ignore
Yes
No
Fault
No
No
Fault
Yes
No
Fault
Yes
No
Fault
Yes
No
Fault
No
No
Fault
Yes
Yes
Fault
Yes
Yes
Fault
Yes
No
(E)EPROM Checksum Error (CP)
RAM Test Error (Core Processor)
Required Configuration
A002
RAM Error (CP)
A003
Sensor Not Responding (No Tube Interrupt)
Sensor Failure
A004
Temperature sensor out of range
Temperature Sensor Failure
A005
Input Over-Range
Input Overrange
A006
Transmitter Not Characterized
Not Configured
A008
Density Outside Limits
Density Overrange
Transmitter Initializing/Warming Up
Using the Transmitter
A009
Transmitter Initializing/Warming Up
A010
Calibration Failure
A011
Excess Calibration Correction, Zero too Low
Calibration Failure
Zero Too Low
A012
Excess Calibration Correction, Zero too High
Zero Too High
A013
Process too Noisy to Perform Auto Zero
Zero Too Noisy
A014
Transmitter Failed
Transmitter Failed
Line RTD Temperature Out-Of-Range
Optional Configuration
A016
Line RTD Temperature Out-of-Range
A017
Meter RTD Temperature Out-Of-Range
Meter RTD Temperature Out-of-Range
A020
Calibration Factors Unentered
Calibration Factors Unentered (FlowCal)
Configuration and Use Manual
63
Optional Configuration
Table 8-8
Status alarms and severity levels continued
Alarm code
Message(1)
Default
severity
Configurable
Affected by
fault timeout
A021
Unrecognized/Unentered Sensor Type
Fault
No
No
Fault
No
No
Fault
No
No
Fault
No
No
Fault
No
No
Varies(4)
No
No
Fault
Yes
Yes
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes(5)
No
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes
No
Info
No
No
Incorrect Sensor Type (K1)
A029
Internal Communication Failure
PIC/Daughterboard Communication Failure
A030
Hardware/Software Incompatible
A031
Undefined
Incorrect Board Type
Low Power
(2)
A032
Meter Verification Fault Alarm
Meter Verification/Outputs In Fault
(3)
A032
Outputs Fixed during Meter Verification
Meter Verification In Progress and Outputs
Fixed
A033
Sensor OK, Tubes Stopped by Process
Sensor OK, Tubes Stopped by Process
(3)
A034
Meter Verification Failed
Meter Verification Failed
(3)
A035
Meter Verification Aborted
A102
Drive Over-Range/Partially Full Tube
Meter Verification Aborted
Drive Overrange/Partially Full Tube
A104
Calibration-In-Progress
Calibration in Progress
A105
Slug Flow
Slug Flow
A107
Power Reset Occurred
Power Reset Occurred
A116
API Temperature Out-of-Limits
API: Temperature Outside Standard Range
A117
API Density Out-of-Limits
API: Density Outside Standard Range
A120
ED: Unable to fit curve data
ED: Unable to Fit Curve Data
64
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
Status alarms and severity levels continued
Alarm code
Message(1)
Default
severity
Configurable
Affected by
fault timeout
A121
ED: Extrapolation alarm
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes
No
Info
Yes
No
ED: Extrapolation Alarm
(2)
Meter Verification Info Alarm
A131
Meter Verification/Outputs at Last Value
(3)
A131
Meter Verification in Progress
A132
Simulation Mode Active
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Table 8-8
Meter Verification In Progress
Simulation Mode Active
A133
PIC UI EEPROM Error
Required Configuration
PIC UI EEPROM Error
(1) Depending on the method you are using to view the alarm, different messages may be displayed. This table shows two possible
message versions. The ProLink II version is displayed in the second message of each pair.
(2) Applies only to systems with the original version of the meter verification application.
(3) Applies only to systems with Smart Meter Verification.
(4) If outputs are set to Last Measured Value, severity is Info. If outputs are set to Fault, severity is Fault.
(5) Can be set to either Informational or Ignore, but cannot be set to Fault.
8.9
Configuring the display
If your transmitter has a display, you can configure a variety of parameters that control the display
functionality.
8.9.1
Update period
To configure Update Period:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-3.
•
Using the display, see Figure C-15.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Local Display block (see Table D-6), Index 31.
8.9.2
Using the Transmitter
The Update Period (or Display Rate) parameter controls how often the display is refreshed with
current data. The default is 200 milliseconds; the range is 100 milliseconds to 10,000 milliseconds
(10 seconds).
Language
The display can be configured to use any of the following languages for data and menus:
English
•
French
•
German
•
Spanish
Configuration and Use Manual
Optional Configuration
•
65
Optional Configuration
To set the display language:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-3.
•
Using the display, see Figure C-15.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Local Display block (see Table D-6), Index 33.
8.9.3
Display variables and display precision
The display can scroll through up to 15 process variables in any order. You can configure the process
variables to be displayed and the order in which they should appear. Additionally, you can configure
display precision for each display variable. Display precision controls the number of digits to the right
of the decimal place. Precision can be set to any value between 0 and 5.
To configure display variables or display precision:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-3.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Local Display block (see Table D-6):
-
Use Indices 16–30 to specify the display variables.
-
Use Indices 14 and 15 to specify display precision.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
Table 8-9 shows an example of a display variable configuration. Notice that you can repeat variables,
and you can also specify None for any display variable except Display Variable 1. For information on
how the display variables will appear on the display, see Appendix E.
Table 8-9
Example of a display variable configuration
Display variable
Display variable 1
(1)
Process variable
Mass flow
Display variable 2
Mass totalizer
Display variable 3
Volume flow
Display variable 4
Volume totalizer
Display variable 5
Density
Display variable 6
Temperature
Display variable 7
External temperature
Display variable 8
External pressure
Display variable 9
Mass flow
Display variable 10
None
Display variable 11
None
Display variable 12
None
Display variable 13
None
Display variable 14
None
Display variable 15
None
(1) Display Variable 1 cannot be set to None.
66
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
LCD panel backlight
The backlight of the LCD panel on the display can be turned on or off. To turn the backlight on or off:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-3.
•
Using the display, see Figure C-15.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Local Display block (see Table D-6), Index 13.
In addition, ProLink II, the EDD, and the bus parameters allow you to control the intensity of the
backlight. You can specify any value between 0 and 63; the higher the value, the brighter the
backlight. To control the intensity of the backlight:
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-3.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Local Display block (see Table D-6), Index 32.
8.9.5
Display functions
Table 8-10 lists the display functions and describes their behavior when enabled (shown) or disabled
(hidden).
Table 8-10 Display functions
Enabled (shown)
Disabled (hidden)
Totalizer start/stop
Operators can start or stop totalizers using the
display.
Operators cannot start or stop totalizers using
the display.
Totalizer reset
Operators can reset the mass and volume
totalizers using the display.
Operators cannot reset the mass and volume
totalizers using the display.
Auto scroll(1)
The display automatically scrolls through each
process variable at a configurable rate.
Operators must Scroll to view process
variables.
Off-line menu
Operators can access the off-line menu (zero,
simulation, and configuration).
Operators cannot access the off-line menu.
Off-line password(2)
Operators must use a password to access the
off-line menu.
Operators can access the off-line menu
without a password.
Alarm menu
Operators can access the alarm menu
(viewing and acknowledging alarms).
Operators cannot access the alarm menu.
Acknowledge all
alarms
Operators are able to acknowledge all current
alarms at once.
Operators must acknowledge alarms
individually.
Using the Transmitter
Parameter
Required Configuration
•
Using a PROFIBUS Host
8.9.4
(1) If enabled, you may want to configure Scroll Rate.
(2) If enabled, the off-line password must also be configured.
To configure display functions:
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-3.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Local Display block (see Table D-6), Indices 4–12.
•
Using the display, see Figure C-15.
Configuration and Use Manual
67
Optional Configuration
•
Optional Configuration
Note the following:
8.10
•
If you use the display to disable access to the off-line menu, the off-line menu will disappear
as soon as you exit the menu system. If you want to re-enable access, you must use a different
method (e.g., ProLink II or a PROFIBUS host with the EDD).
•
Scroll Rate is used to control the speed of scrolling when Auto Scroll is enabled. Scroll Rate
defines how long each display variable (see Section 8.9.3) will be shown on the display. The
time period is defined in seconds; e.g., if Scroll Rate is set to 10, each display variable will be
shown on the display for 10 seconds.
•
The off-line password prevents unauthorized users from gaining access to the off-line menu.
The password can contain up to four numbers.
•
If you are using the display to configure the display:
-
You must enable Auto Scroll before you can configure Scroll Rate.
-
You must enable the off-line password before you can configure the password.
Configuring digital communications
The digital communications parameters control how the transmitter will communicate using digital
communications. The following digital communications parameters can be configured:
•
PROFIBUS-DP node address
•
IrDA port usage
•
Modbus address
•
Modbus ASCII support
•
Floating-point byte order
•
Additional communications response delay
•
Digital communications fault action
•
Fault timeout
8.10.1
PROFIBUS-DP node address
The PROFIBUS-DP node address can be set with the address switches on the device (hardware
addressing mode) or with a PROFIBUS host.
Note: You cannot set the node address from ProLink II or the display.
The transmitter operates in either hardware addressing mode or software addressing mode:
•
In hardware addressing mode, the address switches are set to a value between 0 and 126, and
the position of the address switches determines the actual node address. The software address
LED on the face of the transmitter is off (see Figure 3-1 or Figure 3-2).
•
In software addressing mode, the address switches are set to 126 or greater, and the node
address is set via a Set Slave Address telegram from the host. The position of the address
switches does not necessarily match the actual node address. The software address LED is
either red or green:
-
Red – the transmitter has not received a Set Slave Address telegram.
-
Green – the transmitter has received a Set Slave Address telegram and recognized the
address.
The default node address for the Model 2400S DP transmitter is 126, which allows either hardware
addressing or software addressing.
68
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
1. Remove the transmitter housing cover as described in Section 3.3.
2. Identify the three address switches on the user interface module of your transmitter (see
Figure 3-1 or Figure 3-2).
3. For each switch, insert a small blade into the slot to rotate the arrow to the desired position. For
example, to set the node address to 60:
a. Rotate the arrow in the left switch to point to the digit 0.
Using a PROFIBUS Host
To set the node address with address switches:
b. Rotate the arrow in the center switch to point to the digit 6.
c. Rotate the arrow in the right switch to point to the digit 0.
4. Power-cycle the transmitter. At this point, the new node address is recognized by the
transmitter, but not the host. You must update the host configuration for the new address.
To set the node address with software:
a. Set the address switches to 126 or higher.
b. Power-cycle the transmitter. At this point, the transmitter enters software addressing mode,
and the software address LED is red.
2. Send a Set Slave Address telegram from the host. It is not necessary to power-cycle the
transmitter. At this point, the new node address is recognized by both the transmitter and the
host, and the software address LED is green.
Required Configuration
1. Ensure that the transmitter is in software addressing mode (software address LED is red or
green). If it is, skip this step and go to Step 2. If it is currently in hardware addressing mode
(software address LED is off):
To return the node address to 126 (sometimes required for maintenance):
a. Set the address switches to any value between 0 and 125 (e.g., 100).
b. Power-cycle the transmitter. The transmitter enters hardware addressing mode, and the
software address LED is off.
2. Set the address switches to 126.
Using the Transmitter
1. Because a Set Slave Address telegram cannot specify a node address of 126, you must set this
address via the address switches. If the transmitter is currently in hardware addressing mode
(software address LED is off), skip this step and go to Step 2. If it is currently in software
addressing mode (software address LED is red or green), switch to hardware addressing mode
as follows:
3. Power-cycle the transmitter.
8.10.2
IrDA port usage
The IrDA port on the display can be enabled or disabled. If enabled, it can be set for read-only or
read/write.
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using the display menus, see Figure C-15.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Local Display block (see Table D-6), Index 34.
Configuration and Use Manual
Optional Configuration
To enable or disable the IrDA port:
69
Optional Configuration
To configure the IrDA port for read-only or read/write access:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using the display menus, see Figure C-15.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Local Display block (see Table D-6), Index 35.
8.10.3
Modbus address
Note: The Modbus address is applicable only when you are connecting to the service port from a tool
that uses Modbus protocol. After initial startup, service port connections are typically used only for
troubleshooting or for specific procedures such as temperature calibration. ProLink II is typically
used for service port connections, and by default ProLink II will use the standard service port address
rather than the configured Modbus address. See Section 4.4 for more information.
The set of valid Modbus addresses depends on whether or not support for Modbus ASCII is enabled
or disabled (see Section 8.10.4). Valid Modbus addresses are as follows:
•
Modbus ASCII enabled: 1–15, 32–47, 64–79, 96–110
•
Modbus ASCII disabled: 0–127
To configure the Modbus address:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using the display, see Figure C-15.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via PROFIBUS protocol.
8.10.4
Modbus ASCII support
When support for Modbus ASCII is enabled, the service port can accept connection requests that use
either Modbus ASCII or Modbus RTU. When support for Modbus ASCII is disabled, the service port
cannot accept connection requests that use Modbus ASCII. Only Modbus RTU connections are
accepted.
The primary reason to disable Modbus ASCII support is to allow a wider range of Modbus addresses
for the service port.
To enable or disable Modbus ASCII support:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using the display, see Figure C-15.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via PROFIBUS protocol.
8.10.5
Floating-point byte order
Note: This parameter affects only Modbus communications. PROFIBUS communications are not
changed.
Four bytes are used to transmit floating-point values. For contents of bytes, see Table 8-11.
70
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
Byte
Bits
Definitions
1
SEEEEEEE
S = Sign
E = Exponent
2
EMMMMMMM
E = Exponent
M = Mantissa
3
MMMMMMMM
M = Mantissa
4
MMMMMMMM
M = Mantissa
Using a PROFIBUS Host
Table 8-11 Byte contents in Modbus commands and responses
The default byte order for the Model 2400S transmitter is 3–4 1–2. You may need to reset byte order
to match the byte order used by a remote host or PLC.
To configure byte order using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
Required Configuration
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus or PROFIBUS protocol.
8.10.6
Additional communications response delay
Note: This parameter affects only Modbus communications. PROFIBUS communications are not
changed.
Some hosts or PLCs operate at slower speeds than the transmitter. In order to synchronize
communication with these devices, you can configure an additional time delay to be added to each
response the transmitter sends to the remote host.
The basic unit of delay is 2/3 of one character time, as calculated for the current serial port baud rate
setting and character transmission parameters. This basic delay unit is multiplied by the configured
value to arrive at the total additional time delay. You can specify a value in the range 1 to 255.
To configure additional communications response delay using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
8.10.7
Digital communications fault action
Note: This parameter affects both PROFIBUS and Modbus communications.
Digital communications fault action controls how process variables will be reported via digital
communications during fault conditions. Table 8-12 lists the options for digital communications fault
action.
Using the Transmitter
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus or PROFIBUS protocol.
Note: Digital communications fault action does not affect the alarm status bits. For example, if digital
communications fault action is set to None, the alarm status bits will still be set if an alarm occurs.
See Section 7.7 for more information.
Optional Configuration
Configuration and Use Manual
71
Optional Configuration
Table 8-12 Digital communications fault action options
Option
ProLink II label
EDD label
Definition
Upscale
Upscale
• Process variables indicate that the value is greater than the
upper sensor limit.
• Totalizers stop incrementing.
Downscale
Downscale
• Process variables indicate that the value is less than the
lower sensor limit.
• Totalizers stop incrementing.
Zero
IntZero-All 0
• Flow rate variables go to the value that represents zero
flow. Density is reported as zero.
• Temperature is reported as 0 °C, or the equivalent if other
units are used (e.g., 32 °F).
• Totalizers stop incrementing.
Not-A-Number (NAN)
Not-a-Number
• Process variables report IEEE NAN.
• Drive gain is reported as measured.
• Modbus scaled integers are reported as Max Int.
• Totalizers stop incrementing.
Flow to Zero
IntZero-Flow 0
• Flow rate variables go to the value that represents zero
flow;
• Other process variables are reported as measured.
• Totalizers stop incrementing.
None (default)
None
• Process variables are reported as measured.
• Totalizers increment if they are running.
To configure digital communications fault action:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-9.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Diagnostic block (see Table D-4), Index 18.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
Note: Digital communications fault action is affected by the configured fault timeout. See
Section 8.10.8.
8.10.8
Fault timeout
By default, the transmitter activates the digital communications fault action as soon as the fault is
detected. The fault timeout (last measured value timeout) allows you to delay the digital
communications fault action for a specified interval, for certain faults only. During the fault timeout
period, digital communications reports the last measured value.
Note: The fault timeout applies only to the digital communications fault action. The “alarm active”
status bit is set as soon as the fault is detected (all alarm severity levels), and the “alarm active”
record is written to history immediately (Fault and Informational alarms only). For more information
on alarm handling, see Section 7.7. For more information on alarm severity, see Section 8.8.
The fault timeout applies only to specific faults. Other faults are reported immediately, regardless of
the fault timeout setting. For information on which faults are affected by the fault timeout, see
Table 8-8.
72
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-9.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Diagnostic block (see Table D-4), Index 19.
Using a PROFIBUS Host
To configure fault timeout:
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
8.11
Configuring device settings
The device settings are used to describe the flowmeter components. Table 8-13 lists and defines the
device settings.
Table 8-13 Device settings
Description
Descriptor
Any user-supplied description. Not used in transmitter processing, and not required.
Maximum length: 16 characters.
Message
Any user-supplied message. Not used in transmitter processing, and not required.
Maximum length: 32 characters.
Date
Any user-selected date. Not used in transmitter processing, and not required.
Required Configuration
Parameter
To configure device settings using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus or PROFIBUS protocol.
If you are entering a date, use the left and right arrows at the top of the calendar shown in ProLink II
to select the year and month, then click on a date.
Configuring PROFIBUS I&M function values
Most I&M function values are configured at the factory and cannot be changed by the user. Two I&M
function values can be configured by the user:
•
Device identification tag
•
Device location identification tag
To configure these values:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2. ProLink II v2.6 or later is required.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-12. You must connect as a Specialist to
use the I&M Functions menu.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, see Table D-9.
Using the Transmitter
8.12
Note: These values cannot be configured via the display menus.
Optional Configuration
Configuration and Use Manual
73
Optional Configuration
8.13
Configuring sensor parameters
The sensor parameters are used to describe the sensor component of your flowmeter. One sensor
parameter (curved or straight tube) must be set during characterization (see Section 6.2). The
remaining sensor parameters are not used in transmitter processing, and are not required:
•
Serial number
•
Sensor material
•
Liner material
•
Flange
To configure sensor parameters:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-10.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Device Information block (see Table D-5),
Indices 7–12.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
8.14
Configuring the petroleum measurement application
The API parameters determine the values that will be used in API-related calculations. The API
parameters are available only if the petroleum measurement application is enabled on your
transmitter.
Note: The petroleum measurement application requires liquid volume measurement units. If you plan
to use API process variables, ensure that liquid volume flow measurement is specified. See
Section 8.2.
8.14.1
About the petroleum measurement application
Some applications that measure liquid volume flow or liquid density are particularly sensitive to
temperature factors, and must comply with American Petroleum Institute (API) standards for
measurement. The petroleum measurement application enables Correction of Temperature on volume
of Liquids, or CTL.
Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions are relevant to the petroleum measurement application:
•
API – American Petroleum Institute
•
CTL – Correction of Temperature on volume of Liquids. The CTL value is used to calculate
the VCF value
•
TEC – Thermal Expansion Coefficient
•
VCF – Volume Correction Factor. The correction factor to be applied to volume process
variables. VCF can be calculated after CTL is derived
CTL derivation methods
There are two derivation methods for CTL:
74
•
Method 1 is based on observed density and observed temperature.
•
Method 2 is based on a user-supplied reference density (or thermal expansion coefficient, in
some cases) and observed temperature.
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
Reference tables are organized by reference temperature, CTL derivation method, liquid type, and
density unit. The table selected here controls all the remaining options.
•
•
•
-
If you specify a 5x, 6x, 23x, or 24x table, the default reference temperature is 60 °F, and
cannot be changed.
-
If you specify a 53x or 54x table, the default reference temperature is 15 °C. However, you
can change the reference temperature, as recommended in some locations (for example, to
14.0 or 14.5 °C).
CTL derivation method:
-
If you specify an odd-numbered table (5, 23, or 53), CTL will be derived using method 1
described above.
-
If you specify an even-numbered table (6, 24, or 54), CTL will be derived using method 2
described above.
The letters A, B, C, or D that are used to terminate table names define the type of liquid that the
table is designed for:
-
A tables are used with generalized crude and JP4 applications.
-
B tables are used with generalized products.
-
C tables are used with liquids with a constant base density or known thermal expansion
coefficient.
-
D tables are used with lubricating oils.
Required Configuration
•
Reference temperature:
Using a PROFIBUS Host
API reference tables
Different tables use different density units:
Degrees API
-
Relative density (SG)
-
Base density (kg/m3)
Using the Transmitter
-
Table 8-14 summarizes these options.
Optional Configuration
Configuration and Use Manual
75
Optional Configuration
Table 8-14 API reference temperature tables
Table
CTL
derivation
method
Density unit and range
Base temperature
Degrees API
5A
Method 1
60 °F, non-configurable
0 to +100
5B
Method 1
60 °F, non-configurable
0 to +85
5D
Method 1
60 °F, non-configurable
–10 to +40
23A
Method 1
60 °F, non-configurable
0.6110 to 1.0760
23B
Method 1
60 °F, non-configurable
0.6535 to 1.0760
23D
Method 1
60 °F, non-configurable
Base density
Relative density
0.8520 to 1.1640
3
53A
Method 1
15 °C, configurable
610 to 1075 kg/m
53B
Method 1
15 °C, configurable
653 to 1075 kg/m3
53D
Method 1
15 °C, configurable
825 to 1164 kg/m3
Reference temperature
Supports
6C
Method 2
60 °F, non-configurable
60 °F
Degrees API
24C
Method 2
60 °F, non-configurable
60 °F
Relative density
54C
Method 2
15 °C, configurable
15 °C
Base density in kg/m3
8.14.2
Configuration procedure
The API configuration parameters are listed and defined in Table 8-15.
Table 8-15 API parameters
Variable
Description
Table type
Specifies the table that will be used for reference temperature and reference density unit. Select
the table that matches your requirements. See API reference tables.
User defined TEC(1)
(2)
Thermal expansion coefficient. Enter the value to be used in CTL calculation.
Temperature units
Read-only. Displays the unit used for reference temperature in the reference table.
Density units
Read-only. Displays the unit used for reference density in the reference table.
Reference
temperature
Read-only unless Table Type is set to 53x or 54x. If configurable:
• Specify the reference temperature to be used in CTL calculation.
• Enter reference temperature in °C.
(1) Configurable if Table Type is set to 6C, 24C, or 54C.
(2) In most cases, the temperature unit used by the API reference table should also be the temperature unit configured for the transmitter
to use in general processing. To configure the temperature unit, see Section 6.3.4.
To configure the petroleum measurement application:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-3.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-11.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the API block (see Table D-7), Indices 13–15.
Note: This functionality cannot be configured via the display menus.
76
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
8.15
•
To use temperature data from the sensor, no action is required.
•
To configure external temperature compensation, see Section 9.3.
Using a PROFIBUS Host
For the temperature value to be used in CTL calculation, you can use the temperature data from the
sensor, or you can configure external temperature compensation to use either a static temperature
value or temperature data from an external temperature device.
Configuring the enhanced density application
Micro Motion sensors provide direct measurements of density, but not of concentration. The enhanced
density application calculates enhanced density process variables, such as concentration or density at
reference temperature, from density process data, appropriately corrected for temperature.
Note: For a detailed description of the enhanced density application, see the manual entitled
Micro Motion Enhanced Density Application: Theory, Configuration, and Use.
8.15.1
About the enhanced density application
The enhanced density calculation requires an enhanced density curve, which specifies the relationship
between temperature, concentration, and density for the process fluid being measured. Micro Motion
supplies a set of six standard enhanced density curves (see Table 8-16). If none of these curves is
appropriate for your process fluid, you can configure a custom curve or purchase a custom curve from
Micro Motion.
•
For all standard curves, the derived variable is Mass Conc (Dens).
•
For custom curves, the derived variable may be any of the variables listed in Table 8-17.
The transmitter can hold up to six curves at any given time, but only one curve can be active (used for
measurement) at a time. All curves that are in transmitter memory must use the same derived variable.
Using the Transmitter
The derived variable, specified during configuration, controls the type of concentration measurement
that will be produced. Each derived variable allows the calculation of a subset of enhanced density
process variables (see Table 8-17). The available enhanced density process variables can be used in
process control, just as mass flow rate, volume flow rate, and other process variables are used. For
example, an event can be defined on an enhanced density process variable.
Required Configuration
Note: The enhanced density application requires liquid volume measurement units. If you plan to use
enhanced density process variables, ensure that liquid volume flow measurement is specified. See
Section 8.2.
Table 8-16 Standard curves and associated measurement units
Name
Description
Density unit
Temperature unit
3
°F
Curve represents percent extract, by mass, in
solution, based on °Balling. For example, if a wort
is 10 °Balling and the extract in solution is 100%
sucrose, the extract is 10% of the total mass.
g/cm
Deg Brix
Curve represents a hydrometer scale for sucrose
solutions that indicates the percent by mass of
sucrose in solution at a given temperature. For
example, 40 kg of sucrose mixed with 60 kg of
water results in a 40 °Brix solution.
g/cm3
°C
Deg Plato
Curve represents percent extract, by mass, in
solution, based on °Plato. For example, if a wort is
10 °Plato and the extract in solution is 100%
sucrose, the extract is 10% of the total mass.
g/cm3
°F
Configuration and Use Manual
Optional Configuration
Deg Balling
77
Optional Configuration
Table 8-16 Standard curves and associated measurement units continued
Name
Description
Density unit
Temperature unit
3
°C
HFCS 42
Curve represents a hydrometer scale for HFCS 42
(high fructose corn syrup) solutions that indicates
the percent by mass of HFCS in solution.
g/cm
HFCS 55
Curve represents a hydrometer scale for HFCS 55
(high fructose corn syrup) solutions that indicates
the percent by mass of HFCS in solution.
g/cm3
°C
HFCS 90
Curve represents a hydrometer scale for HFCS 90
(high fructose corn syrup) solutions that indicates
the percent by mass of HFCS in solution.
g/cm3
°C
Table 8-17 Derived variables and available process variables
Available process variables
Derived variable – ProLink II label
and definition
Density at
Standard
reference
volume
temperature flow rate
Density @ Ref
Density at reference temperature
Mass/unit volume, corrected to a given
reference temperature
✓
✓
SG
Specific gravity
The ratio of the density of a process fluid at
a given temperature to the density of water
at a given temperature. The two given
temperature conditions do not need to be
the same.
✓
✓
Mass Conc (Dens)
Mass concentration derived from reference
density
The percent mass of solute or of material
in suspension in the total solution, derived
from reference density
✓
✓
Mass Conc (SG)
Mass concentration derived from specific
gravity
The percent mass of solute or of material
in suspension in the total solution, derived
from specific gravity
✓
✓
Volume Conc (Dens)
Volume concentration derived from
reference density
The percent volume of solute or of material
in suspension in the total solution, derived
from reference density
✓
✓
78
Specific
gravity
Concentration
Net
mass
flow rate
✓
✓
✓
✓
Net
volume
flow rate
✓
✓
✓
✓
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Optional Configuration
Table 8-17 Derived variables and available process variables continued
Available process variables
Density at
Standard
reference
volume
temperature flow rate
Specific
gravity
Concentration
Volume Conc (SG)
Volume concentration derived from specific
gravity
The percent volume of solute or of material
in suspension in the total solution, derived
from specific gravity
✓
✓
✓
✓
Conc (Dens)
Concentration derived from reference
density
The mass, volume, weight, or number of
moles of solute or of material in
suspension in proportion to the total
solution, derived from reference density
✓
✓
Conc (SG)
Concentration derived from specific gravity
The mass, volume, weight, or number of
moles of solute or of material in
suspension in proportion to the total
solution, derived from specific gravity
✓
✓
Derived variable – ProLink II label
and definition
8.15.2
Net
mass
flow rate
Net
volume
flow rate
✓
✓
✓
✓
Configuration procedure
Complete configuration instructions for the enhanced density application are provided in the manual
entitled Micro Motion Enhanced Density Application: Theory, Configuration, and Use.
Note: The enhanced density manual uses ProLink II as the standard configuration tool for the
enhanced density application. Because the menu structure defined in the EDD is very similar to the
ProLink II menus, you can follow the instructions for ProLink II and adapt them to your host.
The typical configuration procedure simply sets up the enhanced density application to use a standard
curve. The following steps are required:
1. Set the transmitter’s density measurement unit to match the unit used by the curve (as listed in
Table 8-16).
2. Set the transmitter’s temperature measurement unit to match the unit used by the curve (as
listed in Table 8-16).
3. Set the derived variable to Mass Conc (Dens).
4. Specify the active curve.
To perform these steps:
79
•
With ProLink II, see Figures C-2 and C-3.
•
With a PROFIBUS host and the EDD, see Figures C-8 and C-11.
•
With PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Measurement block and the Enhanced Density block
(see Tables D-2 and D-8).
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
80
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Overview
This chapter describes the following procedures:
•
Configuring pressure compensation – see Section 9.2
•
Configuring external temperature compensation – see Section 9.3
•
Obtaining external pressure or temperature data – see Section 9.4
Note: All procedures provided in this chapter assume that you have established communication with
the Model 2400S DP transmitter and that you are complying with all applicable safety requirements.
Measurement Performance
9.1
Compensation
Chapter 9
Pressure Compensation and
External Temperature Compensation
Note: If you are using Pocket ProLink, the interface is similar to the ProLink II interface described in
this chapter.
9.2
Pressure compensation
Note: Pressure compensation is an optional procedure. Perform this procedure only if required by
your application.
9.2.1
Troubleshooting
The Model 2400S DP transmitter can compensate for the effect of pressure on the sensor flow tubes.
Pressure effect is defined as the change in sensor flow and density sensitivity due to process pressure
change away from calibration pressure.
Options
There are two ways to implement pressure compensation:
•
You can use an output module to obtain pressure data from the system. See Section 9.4.
•
If the operating pressure is a known static value, you can configure that value in the
transmitter.
Note: Ensure that your pressure value is accurate, or that your pressure measurement device is
accurate and reliable.
Defaults
9.2.2
Pressure correction factors
When configuring pressure compensation, you must provide the flow calibration pressure – the
pressure at which the flowmeter was calibrated (which therefore defines the pressure at which there
will be no effect on the calibration factor). Refer to the calibration document shipped with your
sensor. If the data is unavailable, enter 20 PSI.
Configuration and Use Manual
81
Pressure Compensation and External Temperature Compensation
Two additional pressure correction factors may be configured: one for flow and one for density. These
are defined as follows:
•
Flow factor – the percent change in the flow rate per psi
•
Density factor – the change in fluid density, in g/cm3/psi
Not all sensors or applications require pressure correction factors. For the pressure correction values
to be used, obtain the pressure effect values from the product data sheet for your sensor, then reverse
the signs (e.g., if the flow factor is 0.000004 % per PSI, enter a pressure correction flow factor of
–0.000004 % per PSI).
9.2.3
Configuration
To enable and configure pressure compensation:
Figure 9-1
•
With ProLink II, see Figure 9-1.
•
With a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure 9-2.
•
With PROFIBUS bus parameters, see Figure 9-3.
Pressure compensation – ProLink II
Set measurement unit(1)
Enable
View >
Preferences
Enable External Pressure
Compensation
Apply
Configure
ProLink >
Configuration >
Pressure
ProLink >
Configuration >
Pressure
Enter Pressure units
Enter Flow factor
Apply
Enter Density factor
Enter Cal pressure
Apply
No
(1) Pressure measurement unit must be configured to match
pressure unit used by external device or static pressure value.
See Section 6.3.
(2) See Section 9.4.
Use static
pressure value?
Set up output
module(2)
Yes
Enter External
Pressure
Apply
Done
82
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Pressure Compensation and External Temperature Compensation
Figure 9-2
Pressure compensation – PROFIBUS host with the EDD
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Pressure >
Pressure Compensation
Enable Pressure Compensation
Enter Pressure correction factor
for flow
Select Pressure unit(1)
Enter Pressure correction factor
for density
Compensation
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Pressure >
Pressure Configuration
Transfer
Enter Flow calibration pressure
Transfer
Yes
Use static
pressure value?
No
Measurement Performance
Enter External Pressure Input
Set up output module(2)
Transfer
Done
(1) Pressure measurement unit must be configured to match pressure unit used by external device
or static pressure value. See Section 6.3.
(2) See Section 9.4.
Figure 9-3
Pressure compensation – PROFIBUS bus parameters
Set pressure unit
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 38(2)
Configure pressure
correction factor for flow
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 39
Configure pressure
correction factor for density
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 40
Configure flow calibration
pressure
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 41
Set up output
module(3)
Configuration and Use Manual
(1) See Table D-3 for more information
about the bus parameters.
(2) Pressure measurement unit must be
configured to match pressure unit used
by external device or static pressure
value. See Section 6.3.
(3) See Section 9.4.
Defaults
No
Use static
pressure value?
Troubleshooting
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)(1)
Index 36
Enable
Yes
Set static value
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 37
83
Pressure Compensation and External Temperature Compensation
9.3
External temperature compensation
External temperature compensation can be used with the petroleum measurement application or the
enhanced density application:
•
If external temperature compensation is enabled, an external temperature value (or a static
temperature value), rather than the temperature value from the sensor, is used in petroleum
measurement or enhanced density calculations only. The temperature value from the sensor is
used for all other calculations.
•
If external temperature compensation is disabled, the temperature value from the sensor is
used in all calculations.
There are two ways to implement external temperature compensation:
•
You can use an output module to obtain temperature data from the system. See Section 9.4.
•
If the operating temperature is a known static value, you can configure that value in the
transmitter.
Note: Ensure that your temperature value is accurate, or that your temperature measurement device is
accurate and reliable.
To enable and configure external temperature compensation:
Figure 9-4
•
With ProLink II, see Figure 9-4.
•
With a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure 9-5.
•
With PROFIBUS bus parameters, see Figure 9-3.
External temperature compensation – ProLink II
Enable
Configure
View Menu >
Preferences
ProLink >
Configuration >
Temperature
Enable Use External
Temperature
Enter Temperature units(1)
Apply
Apply
No
(1) Temperature measurement unit must be
configured to match temperature unit used
by external device or static temperature
value. See Section 6.3.
(2) See Section 9.4.
Use static
temp value?
Set up output
module(2)
Yes
Enter External
Temperature
Apply
Done
84
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Pressure Compensation and External Temperature Compensation
Figure 9-5
External temperature compensation – PROFIBUS host with the EDD
Compensation
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Temperature >
External Temperature
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Temperature >
Check Temperature unit(1)
Enable External Temp
for API or ED
Transfer
Transfer
Use static
temp value?
Yes
No
Enter External
Temperature Input
Set up output module(2)
Measurement Performance
(1) Temperature measurement unit must be
configured to match temperature unit used
by external device or static temperature
value. See Section 6.3.
(2) See Section 9.4.
Transfer
Done
Figure 9-6
External temperature compensation – PROFIBUS bus parameters
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)(1)
Index 34
Enable
No
Set up output
module(3)
Use static
temp value?
Troubleshooting
Block: Measurement (Slot 1)(1)
Index 7(2)
Set temperature unit
Yes
Set static value
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 35
(1) See Tables D-3 and D-2 for more information about the bus parameters.
(2) Temperature measurement unit must be configured to match temperature unit used by external device or static temperature
value. See Section 6.3.
(3) See Section 9.4.
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
85
Pressure Compensation and External Temperature Compensation
9.4
Obtaining external pressure and temperature data
The output modules used to obtain external pressure and/or temperature data are listed in Table 9-1.
Use standard methods to implement the required connection.
Table 9-1
86
Output modules used for pressure or temperature compensation
Module number
Module name
Size
34
External pressure
4 bytes
35
External temperature
4 bytes
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
10.1
Compensation
Chapter 10
Measurement Performance
Overview
This chapter describes the following procedures:
Meter verification – see Section 10.3
•
Meter validation and adjusting meter factors – see Section 10.4
•
Zero calibration – see Section 10.5
•
Density calibration – see Section 10.6
•
Temperature calibration – see Section 10.7
Note: All procedures provided in this chapter assume that you have established communication with
the Model 2400S DP transmitter and that you are complying with all applicable safety requirements.
Note: If you are using Pocket ProLink, the interface is similar to the ProLink II interface described in
this chapter.
10.2
Measurement Performance
•
Meter validation, meter verification, and calibration
The Model 2400S transmitter supports the following procedures for the evaluation and adjustment of
measurement performance:
Meter verification – establishing confidence in the sensor’s performance by analyzing
secondary variables associated with flow and density
•
Meter validation – confirming performance by comparing the sensor’s measurements to a
primary standard
•
Calibration – establishing the relationship between a process variable (flow, density, or
temperature) and the signal produced by the sensor
Troubleshooting
•
Meter validation and calibration are available on all Model 2400S DP transmitters. Meter verification
is available only if the meter verification option was ordered with the transmitter.
These three procedures are discussed and compared in Sections 10.2.1 through 10.2.4. Before
performing any of these procedures, review these sections to ensure that you will be performing the
appropriate procedure for your purposes.
10.2.1
Meter verification
Note: Micro Motion recommends performing meter verification at regular intervals.
Configuration and Use Manual
87
Defaults
Meter verification evaluates the structural integrity of the sensor tubes by comparing current tube
stiffness to the stiffness measured at the factory. Stiffness is defined as the load per unit deflection, or
force divided by displacement. Because a change in structural integrity changes the sensor’s response
to mass and density, this value can be used as an indicator of measurement performance. Changes in
tube stiffness are typically caused by erosion, corrosion, or tube damage.
Measurement Performance
There are two versions of the meter verification application: the original version and Micro Motion
Smart Meter Verification. Table 10-1 lists requirements for each version. Table 10-2 provides a
comparison of the two versions.
Note: If you are running an older version of ProLink II or the EDD, you will not be able to access the
additional features in Smart Meter Verification. If you are running an updated version of ProLink II
or the EDD with the original version of meter verification, the meter verification procedures will be
slightly different from the procedures shown here.
Table 10-1 Version requirements for meter verification application
Meter verification application
Requirement type
Original version
Smart Meter Verification
Transmitter
v1.0
v1.4
ProLink II requirements
v2.5
v2.9
EDD requirements
2400SDP_pdmrev1_00 folder
2400SDP_pdmrev1_40 folder
Table 10-2 Comparison of meter verification features and functions: original version vs. Smart Meter
Verification
Meter verification application
Feature or function
Original version
Smart Meter Verification
Process interruption
No need to halt flow
No need to halt flow
Measurement interruption
Three minutes. Outputs go to:
• Last Measured Value
• Configured Fault Value
User option:
• Continue Measurement. Measurement is
not interrupted. Test requires
approximately 90 seconds.
• Last Measured Value. Outputs fixed and
measurement interrupted for
approximately 140 seconds.
• Configured Fault Value Outputs fixed and
measurement interrupted for
approximately 140 seconds.
Result storage
Test results stored only for tests run with
ProLink II, and stored on the PC
Twenty most recent results stored on the
transmitter, independent of tool used to
perform the procedure. For tests run with
ProLink II, additional result data stored on
PC.
Result data on display
Pass/Fail/Abort for current test
For all results stored on transmitter:
• Pass/Fail/Abort
• Abort code (if relevant)
• Stiffness of the right and left pickoffs
88
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Table 10-2 Comparison of meter verification features and functions: original version vs. Smart Meter
Verification continued
Compensation
Meter verification application
Original version
Smart Meter Verification
Result data with EDD
Pass/Caution/Abort for current test
For all results stored on transmitter:
• Pass/Caution/Abort
• Abort code (if relevant)
• Stiffness of the right and left pickoffs
• Comparison table for stored results
• Comparison plot for stored results
Result data with ProLink II
For all results stored on PC:
• Pass/Fail/Abort
• Abort code (if relevant)
• Stiffness of the right and left pickoffs
• Test execution metadata
• Comparison graphs
• Test reports
• Data export and manipulation
capabilities
For all results stored on transmitter:
• Pass/Fail/Abort
• Abort code (if relevant)
• Stiffness of the right and left pickoffs
• Test execution metadata
• Comparison graphs
• Test reports
• Data export and manipulation
capabilities
Startup methods
Manual
Manual
Scheduler
Event
10.2.2
Measurement Performance
Feature or function
Meter validation and meter factors
Meter validation compares a measurement value reported by the transmitter with an external
measurement standard. Meter validation requires one data point.
Note: For meter validation to be useful, the external measurement standard must be more accurate
than the sensor. See the sensor’s product data sheet for its accuracy specification.
Meter factors are typically used for proving the flowmeter against a Weights & Measures standard.
You may need to calculate and adjust meter factors periodically to comply with regulations.
10.2.3
Troubleshooting
If the transmitter’s mass flow, volume flow, or density measurement is significantly different from the
external measurement standard, you may want to adjust the corresponding meter factor. A meter
factor is the value by which the transmitter multiplies the process variable value. The default meter
factors are 1.0, resulting in no difference between the data retrieved from the sensor and the data
reported externally.
Calibration
The flowmeter measures process variables based on fixed points of reference. Calibration adjusts
those points of reference. Three types of calibration can be performed:
•
Zero, or no flow
•
Density calibration
•
Temperature calibration
Note: For density or temperature calibration to be useful, the external measurements must be
accurate.
Configuration and Use Manual
89
Defaults
Density and temperature calibration require two data points (low and high) and an external
measurement for each. Zero calibration requires one data point. Calibration produces a change in the
offset and/or the slope of the line that represents the relationship between the actual process value and
the reported value.
Measurement Performance
Micro Motion flowmeters with the Model 2400S transmitter are calibrated at the factory, and
normally do not need to be calibrated in the field. Calibrate the flowmeter only if you must do so to
meet regulatory requirements. Contact Micro Motion before calibrating your flowmeter.
Note: Micro Motion recommends using meter validation and meter factors, rather than calibration, to
prove the meter against a regulatory standard or to correct measurement error.
10.2.4
Comparison and recommendations
When choosing among meter verification, meter validation, and calibration, consider the following
factors:
•
•
•
Process and measurement interruption
-
Smart Meter Verification provides an option that allows process measurement to continue
during the test.
-
The original version of meter verification requires approximately three minutes to
perform. During these three minutes, flow can continue (provided sufficient stability is
maintained); however, measurement is halted.
-
Meter validation for density does not interrupt the process. However, meter validation for
mass flow or volume flow requires process down-time for the length of the test.
-
Calibration requires process down-time. In addition, density and temperature calibration
require replacing the process fluid with low-density and high density fluids, or with
low-temperature and high-temperature fluids. Zero calibration requires stopping flow
through the sensor.
External measurement requirements
-
Neither version of meter verification requires external measurements.
-
Zero calibration does not require external measurements.
-
Density calibration, temperature calibration, and meter validation require external
measurements. For good results, the external measurement must be highly accurate.
Measurement adjustment
-
Meter verification is an indicator of sensor condition, but does not change flowmeter
internal measurement in any way.
-
Meter validation does not change flowmeter internal measurement in any way. If you
decide to adjust a meter factor as a result of a meter validation procedure, only the reported
measurement is changed – the base measurement is not changed. You can always reverse
the change by returning the meter factor to its previous value.
-
Calibration changes the transmitter’s interpretation of process data, and accordingly
changes the base measurement. If you perform a zero calibration, you can return to the
factory zero (or, if using ProLink II, the previous zero). However, if you perform a density
calibration or a temperature calibration, you cannot return to the previous calibration
factors unless you have manually recorded them.
Micro Motion recommends that you purchase the meter verification option and perform meter
verification frequently.
90
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
10.3
Performing meter verification
Preparing for the meter verification test
Process fluid and process conditions
The meter verification test can be performed on any process fluid. It is not necessary to match factory
conditions.
Compensation
10.3.1
During the test, process conditions must be stable. To maximize stability:
•
Maintain a constant temperature and pressure.
•
Avoid changes to fluid composition (e.g., two-phase flow, settling, etc.).
•
Maintain a constant flow. For higher test certainty, reduce or stop flow.
Transmitter configuration
Meter verification is not affected by any parameters configured for flow, density, or temperature. It is
not necessary to change the transmitter configuration.
Control loops and process measurement
If the transmitter outputs will be set to Last Measured Value or Fault during the test, the outputs will
be fixed for two minutes (Smart Meter Verification) or three minutes (original version). Disable all
control loops for the duration of the test, and ensure that any data reported during this period is
handled appropriately.
Measurement Performance
If stability varies outside test limits, the test will be aborted. Verify the stability of the process and
repeat the test.
Specification uncertainty limit
•
In Smart Meter Verification, the specification uncertainty limit is set at the factory and cannot
be configured.
•
In the original version of meter verification, the specification uncertainty limit is configurable.
However, Micro Motion suggests using the default value. Contact Micro Motion Customer
Service before changing the specification uncertainty limit.
10.3.2
Troubleshooting
The specification uncertainty limit defines the acceptable degree of variation from factory results,
expressed as a percentage. Variation inside the limit is reported as Pass. Variation outside the limit is
reported as Fail or Caution.
Running the meter verification test, original version
To perform meter verification:
Using ProLink II, follow the procedure illustrated in Figure 10-1.
•
Using the display menu, follow the procedure illustrated in Figure 10-2. For a complete
illustration of the meter verification display menu, see Figure C-17.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, refer to Figure C-7 and follow the procedure
illustrated in Figure 10-4.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Diagnostic block (see Table D-4) and follow the
procedure illustrated in Figure 10-4.
Defaults
•
Note: If you start a meter verification test remotely, the transmitter display shows the following
message:
Configuration and Use Manual
91
Measurement Performance
SENSOR
VERFY/x%
Figure 10-1 Meter verification procedure – ProLink II
Tools >
Meter Verification >
Structural Integrity Method
Verify configuration
parameters
View previous test data
Next
Back(1)
Graph of results
Enter optional test data
Next
Next
View report (option to print
or save)
Initialize and start meter
verification
Finish(2)
Start
Fault
configuration
Hold last
value
Progress bar shows
test in progress
Abort
Fail
Abort
Pass
Back
Yes
Next
Rerun
test?
92
No
(1) If the graph was viewed at the beginning of the procedure,
clicking Back here will return to the beginning of the procedure
(along the dotted line).
(2) The results of the meter verification test are not saved until
Finish is clicked.
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-2 Meter verification procedure – Display menu
Compensation
Scroll and Select simultaneously
for 4 seconds
Scroll
OFF-LINE MAINT
Select
Scroll
SENSOR VERFY
Measurement Performance
Select
OUTPUTS
Select
Scroll
Choose output setting
SENSOR EXIT
STOP MSMT/YES?
Select
Scroll
Troubleshooting
UNSTABLE FLOW(1)
(1) Either Unstable Flow or Unstable Drive Gain may
be displayed, indicating that the standard deviation
of the flow or drive gain is outside limits.
(2) Represents the percentage completion of the
procedure.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x%(2)
Correct condition
PASS
CAUTION
ABORT
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
RERUN/YES?
No
Yes
Correct condition
Configuration and Use Manual
Defaults
Scroll
Select
93
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-3 Meter verification procedure – EDD
Device >
Meter Verification
Set Output state (optional)
Set Stiffness limit set point
(optional)
Transfer
Enable meter verification =
Normal Enable
Manual abort (optional)
Check
Algorithm state
Running?
Check
Progress (% complete)
Yes (>0)
No (=0)
Check
State at abort
No (<16)
Check Abort code(1)
Able to
complete?
Yes (=16)
Check LPO stiffness out
of limits
Within limits?
(1) See Table D-4, Index 57.
No (>0)
CAUTION
No (>0)
CAUTION
Yes (=0)
Check RPO stiffness out
of limits
Within limits?
Yes (=0)
PASS
94
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-4 Meter verification procedure – PROFIBUS bus parameters
Compensation
Step 1
Set output state (optional)
See Table 10-3.
Step 2
Set uncertainty limit (optional)
Step 3
Start/abort procedure
Manual abort (optional)
Step 4
Check current algorithm state
Measurement Performance
Running?
Step 5
Read percent complete
Yes (>0)
No (=0)
Step 6
Check algorithm abort state
No (<16)
Step 9
Check abort code
Able to
complete?
Yes (=16)
Step 7
Check inlet stiffness
Within limits?
CAUTION
No (>0)
CAUTION
Troubleshooting
No (>0)
Yes (=0)
Step 8
Check outlet stiffness
Within limits?
Yes (=0)
PASS
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
95
Measurement Performance
Table 10-3 PROFIBUS bus parameters interface for meter verification
Step number
Step description
Interface(1)
1
Set output state
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 54
2
Set uncertainty limit
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 55
3
Start/abort procedure
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 53
4
Check current algorithm state
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 56
5
Read percent complete
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 61
6
Check algorithm abort state
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 58
7
Check inlet stiffness
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 59
8
Check outlet stiffness
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 60
9
Read abort code
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 57
(1) For detailed information, see Table D-4.
10.3.3
Running Smart Meter Verification
To run a Smart Meter Verification test:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure 10-5.
•
Using the display, see Figures 10-6 and 10-7.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, refer to Figure C-7 and follow the procedure
illustrated in Figure 10-8.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Diagnostic block (see Table D-4) and follow the
procedure illustrated in Figure 10-9.
Note: If you start a Smart Meter Verification test using ProLink II, the EDD, or PROFIBUS bus
parameters, and the outputs are set to Last Measured Value or Fault, the transmitter display shows
the following message:
SENSOR
VERFY/x%
96
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-5 Smart Meter Verification test – ProLink II
Compensation
Tools >
Meter Verification >
Run Meter Verification
Verify configuration
parameters
View Previous Results
Next
Enter descriptive data
(optional)
Next
Measurement Performance
Configuration Changed
or Zero Changed?
No
Yes
View details (optional)
Select output behavior
Start Meter Verification
---------------------
Yes
Rerun
test?
Test result
No
Abort
Troubleshooting
Fail
Pass
Next
Back
Test result chart
Next
Report
Defaults
Finish
Configuration and Use Manual
97
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-6 Smart Meter Verification top-level menu – Display
Scroll and Select simultaneously
for 4 seconds
Scroll
ENTER METER VERFY
Select
RUN VERFY
Select
Scroll
RESULTS READ
Select
Scroll
SCHEDULE VERFY
EXIT
Scroll
Select
Scroll
98
Select
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-7 Smart Meter Verification test – Display
Compensation
RUN VERFY
Select
OUTPUTS
EXIT
Scroll
Select
CONTINUE MEASR
FAULT
Scroll
LAST VALUE
Scroll
Select
Select
Scroll
EXIT
Select
Measurement Performance
ARE YOU SURE/YES?
Select
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x%
SENSOR ABORT/YES?
Select
Scroll
Pass
Select
Abort
Test result
Fail
PASS VERFY
CAUTION VERFY
ABORTED VERFY
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
Troubleshooting
RESULTS VIEW/YES?
Abort Type
Scroll
Scroll
Select
RERUN/YES?
To Runcount
(see Results Read)
Yes
Correct condition
No
Scroll
To Enter Meter Verfy
Select
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
99
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-8 Smart Meter Verification test – EDD
Online >
1 Overview >
3 Shortcuts >
6 Meter Verification
Online >
3 Service Tools >
4 Maintenance >
1 Routine Maintenance >
3 Meter Verification
6
3
1 Run Meter Verification
2 View Test Results
3 Schedule Meter Verification
1
Select Output Behavior
1 Continue Measuring
2 Outputs Held at Last Value
3 Outputs Held at Fault
Meter verification in progress:
x% complete
Abort
Result screen
Abort
100
OK
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-9 Smart Meter Verification test – PROFIBUS bus parameters
Compensation
See Table 10-4.
Step 1
Set output state (optional)
Step 2
Start/abort procedure
Manual abort (optional)
Step 3
Check current algorithm state
Running?
Step 4
Read percent complete
Yes (>0)
Measurement Performance
No (=0)
Step 5
Check algorithm abort state
No (<16)
Able to
complete?
Yes (=16)
Step 8
Check abort code
Step 6
Check inlet stiffness
Within limits?
No (>0)
CAUTION
No (>0)
CAUTION
Yes (=0)
Within limits?
Troubleshooting
Step 7
Check outlet stiffness
Yes (=0)
PASS
Table 10-4 PROFIBUS bus parameters test interface for Smart Meter Verification
Step description
Interface(1)
1
Set output state
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
• To Fault or Last Measured Value
Index 54
• To Continue Measurement
Index 53
Configuration and Use Manual
Defaults
Step number
101
Measurement Performance
Table 10-4 PROFIBUS bus parameters test interface for Smart Meter Verification continued
Step number
Step description
Interface(1)
2
Start/abort test
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
• Fault or Last Measured Value
Index 53
• Continue Measurement
Not applicable (test started by
previous step)
3
Check current algorithm state
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 56
4
Read percent complete
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 61
5
Check algorithm abort state
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 58
6
Check inlet stiffness
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 59
7
Check outlet stiffness
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 60
8
Read abort code
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 57
(1) For detailed information, see Table D-4.
10.3.4
Reading and interpreting meter verification test results
Pass/Fail/Abort
When the meter verification test is completed, the result is reported as Pass, Fail or Caution
(depending on the tool you are using), or Abort:
•
Pass – The test result is within the specification uncertainty limit. In other words, the stiffness
of the left and right pickoffs match the factory values plus or minus the specification uncertain
limit. If transmitter zero and configuration match factory values, the sensor will meet factory
specifications for flow and density measurement. It is expected that meters will pass meter
verification every time the test is run.
•
Fail/Caution – The test result is not within the specification uncertainty limit. Micro Motion
recommends that you immediately repeat the meter verification test. If you were using Smart
Meter Verification, with outputs set to Continue Measurement, change the setting to Last
Measured Value or Fault.
•
102
-
If the meter passes the second test, the first Fail/Caution result can be ignored.
-
If the meter fails the second test, the flow tubes may be damaged. Use your process
knowledge to determine the possibilities for damage and the appropriate actions for each.
These actions might include removing the meter from service and physically inspecting
the tubes. At minimum, you should perform a flow validation and a density calibration.
Abort – A problem occurred with the meter verification test (e.g., process instability). Abort
codes are listed and defined in Table 10-5, and suggested actions are provided for each code.
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Table 10-5 Meter verification abort codes
Suggested action
1
User-initiated abort
None required. Wait for 15 seconds before
starting another test.
3
Frequency drift
Ensure that temperature, flow, and density are
stable, and rerun the test.
5
High drive gain
Ensure that flow is stable, minimize entrained
gas, and rerun the test.
8
Unstable flow
Review the suggestions for stable flow in
Section 10.3.1 and rerun the test.
13
No factory reference data for meter verification
test performed on air
Contact Micro Motion customer service and
provide the abort code.
14
No factory reference data for meter verification
test performed on water
Contact Micro Motion customer service and
provide the abort code.
15
No configuration data for meter verification
Contact Micro Motion customer service and
provide the abort code.
Other
General abort.
Repeat the test. If the test aborts again, contact
Micro Motion customer service and provide the
abort code.
Detailed test data with ProLink II
For each test, the following data is stored on the transmitter:
•
Powered-on hours at the time of the test (Smart Meter Verification)
•
Test result
•
Stiffness of the left and right pickoffs, shown as percentage variation from the factory value. If
the test aborted, 0 is stored for these values.
•
Abort code, if applicable
Measurement Performance
Description
Compensation
Abort code
Troubleshooting
ProLink II stores additional descriptive information for each test in a database on the local PC,
including:
•
Timestamp from the PC clock
•
Current flowmeter identification data
•
Current flow and density configuration parameters
•
Current zero values
•
Current process values for mass flow rate, volume flow rate, density, temperature, and external
pressure
•
(Optional) User-entered customer and test descriptions
If you are using Smart Meter Verification and you run a meter verification test from ProLink II,
ProLink II first checks for new test results on the transmitter and synchronizes the local database if
required. During this step, ProLink II displays the following message:
Defaults
Synchronizing x out of y
Please wait
Note: If you request an action while synchronization is in process, ProLink II displays a message
asking whether or not you want to complete synchronization. If you choose No, the ProLink II
database may not include the latest test results from the transmitter.
Configuration and Use Manual
103
Measurement Performance
Test results are available at the end of each test, in the following forms:
•
A test result chart (see Figure 10-10).
•
A test report that includes the descriptive information for the current test, the test result chart,
and background information about meter verification. You can export this report to an HTML
file or print it to the default printer.
Note: To view the chart and the report for previous tests without running a test, click View Previous
Test Results and Print Report from the first meter verification panel. See Figure 10-5. Test reports are
available only for tests initiated from ProLink II.
Figure 10-10 Test result chart
Initiated from ProLink II
Initiated from the display or other tool
The test result chart shows the results for all tests in the ProLink II database, plotted against the
specification uncertainty limit. The inlet stiffness and the outlet stiffness are plotted separately. This
helps to distinguish between local and uniform changes to the sensor tubes.
This chart supports trend analysis, which can be helpful in detecting meter problems before they
become severe.
104
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Note the following:
The test result chart may not show all test results, and test counters may not be continuous.
ProLink II stores information about all tests initiated from ProLink II and all tests available on
the transmitter when the test database is synchronized. However, the transmitter stores only the
twenty most recent test results. To ensure a complete result set, always use ProLink II to
initiate the tests, or synchronize the ProLink II database before overwriting occurs.
•
The chart uses different symbols to differentiate between tests initiated from ProLink II and
tests initiated using a different tool. A test report is available only for tests that were initiated
from ProLink II.
•
You can double-click the chart to manipulate the presentation in a variety of ways (change
titles, change fonts, colors, borders and gridlines, etc.), and to export the data to additional
formats (including “to printer”).
Detailed test data with the display
Note: Requires Smart Meter Verification. No detailed test data is available with the original version
of the meter verification application.
For each Smart Meter Verification test, the following data is stored on the transmitter:
•
Powered-on hours at the time of the test
•
Test result
•
Stiffness of the left and right pickoffs, shown as percentage variation from the factory value. If
the test aborted, 0 is stored for these values.
•
Abort code, if applicable
Measurement Performance
You can export this chart to a CSV file for use in external applications.
Compensation
•
To view this data, see Figures 10-6 and 10-11.
Troubleshooting
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
105
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-11 Meter verification test data – Display
RESULTS READ
Select
RUNCOUNT x
Select
Pass
Scroll
Result type
Abort
Fail
xx HOURS
xx HOURS
xx HOURS
Select
Select
Select
PASS
CAUTION
Abort Type
Select
Select
Select
xx L STF%
xx L STF%
Select
Select
xx R STF%
xx R STF%
Select
Select
RESULTS MORE?
Select
To Runcount x-1
106
Scroll
To Run Verfy
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Detailed test data with the EDD
For each Smart Meter Verification test, the following data is stored on the transmitter:
•
Powered-on hours at the time of the test
•
Test result
•
Stiffness of the left and right pickoffs, shown as percentage variation from the factory value. If
the test aborted, 0 is stored for these values.
•
Abort code, if applicable
Compensation
Note: Requires Smart Meter Verification. No detailed test data is available with the original version
of the meter verification application.
To view this data, see Figure 10-12.
Online >
1 Overview >
3 Shortcuts >
6 Meter Verification
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-12 Meter verification test data – EDD
Online >
3 Service Tools >
4 Maintenance >
1 Routine Maintenance >
3 Meter Verification
1 Run Meter Verification
2 View Test Results
3 Schedule Meter Verification
2
Troubleshooting
1 Run Counter
2 Running Hours
3 Test Result
4 Abort Code
5 LPO Stiffness
5 RPO Stiffness
7 Show Results Table
8 Show Results Plot
7
Test Result #x
Run Counter
Running Hours
Test Result
Abort Code
LPO Stiffness
RPO Stiffness
OK
Defaults
Abort
To previous test
Configuration and Use Manual
107
Measurement Performance
Detailed test data with PROFIBUS bus parameters
Note: Requires Smart Meter Verification. No detailed test data is available with the original version
of the meter verification application.
For each Smart Meter Verification test, the following data is stored on the transmitter:
•
Powered-on hours at the time of the test
•
Test result
•
Stiffness of the left and right pickoffs, shown as percentage variation from the factory value. If
the test aborted, 0 is stored for these values.
•
Abort code, if applicable
To view this data, see Figure 10-13.
Figure 10-13 Meter verification test data – PROFIBUS bus parameters
Step 1
Set index
See Table 10-6.
Step 2
Read test counter
Step 3
Read test start time
Step 4
Read test result
Step 5
Read LPO stiffness
Step 6
Read LPO stiffness
Table 10-6 PROFIBUS bus parameters test data interface for Smart Meter Verification
Step number
Step description
Interface(1)
1
Set index
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 87
2
Read test counter
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 88
3
Read test start time
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 89
4
Read test result
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 90
5
Read LPO stiffness
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 91
6
Read RPO stiffness
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 92
(1) For detailed information, see Table D-4.
108
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
10.3.5
Setting up automatic or remote execution of the meter verification test
There are three ways to execute a Smart Meter Verification test automatically:
•
Define it as an event action
•
Set up a one-time automatic execution
•
Set up a recurring execution
Compensation
Note: Requires Smart Meter Verification. Scheduling is not available with the original version of the
meter verification application.
You can use these methods in any combination. For example, you can specify that a Smart Meter
Verification test will be executed three hours from now, every 24 hours starting now, and every time a
specific discrete event occurs.
To define meter verification as an event action, see Section 8.6.
•
To set up a one-time automatic execution, set up a recurring execution, view the number of
hours until the next scheduled test, or delete a schedule:
-
With ProLink II, click Tools > Meter Verification > Schedule Meter Verification.
-
With the display, see Figures 10-6 and 10-14.
-
With the EDD, see Figure 10-15.
-
With PROFIBUS bus parameters, see Figure 10-16.
Note the following:
If you are setting up a one-time automatic execution, specify the start time as a number of
hours from the present time. For example, if the present time is 2:00 and you specify 3.5 hours,
the test will be initiated at 5:30.
•
If you are setting up a recurring execution, specify the number of hours to elapse between
executions. The first test will be initiated when the specified number of hours has elapsed, and
testing will be repeated at the same interval until the schedule is deleted. For example, if the
present time is 2:00 and you specify 2 hours, the first test will be initiated at 4:00, the next at
6:00, and so on.
•
If you delete the schedule, both the one-time execution and the recurring execution settings are
deleted.
Troubleshooting
•
Measurement Performance
•
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
109
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-14 Smart Meter Verification scheduler – Display
SCHEDULE VERFY
Select
Schedule set?
No
Yes
TURN OFF SCHED/YES?
SCHED IS OFF
Scroll
Scroll
Select
Schedule deleted
HOURS LEFT
Scroll
Select
xx HOURS
Select
SET NEXT
SET RECUR
Select
Select
xx HOURS
xx HOURS
SAVE/YES?
SAVE/YES?
No
No
Scroll
110
Scroll
Yes
Select
Scroll
EXIT
Scroll
Scroll
Select
Yes
Select
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-15 Smart Meter Verification scheduler – EDD
Compensation
Online >
1 Overview >
3 Shortcuts >
6 Meter Verification
Online >
3 Service Tools >
4 Maintenance >
1 Routine Maintenance >
3 Meter Verification
1 Run Meter Verification
2 View Test Results
3 Schedule Meter Verification
3
Measurement Performance
1 Next Run
2 Set Hrs Until Next Run
3 Set Recurring Hours
4 Turn Off Schedule
Figure 10-16 Smart Meter Verification scheduler – PROFIBUS bus parameters
Step 1
Set hours until first test
See Table 10-7.
Step 2
Set hours between tests
Troubleshooting
Table 10-7 PROFIBUS bus parameters scheduler interface for Smart Meter Verification
Step number
Step description
Interface(1)
1
Set hours until first test
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 93
2
Set hours between tests
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index 94
(1) For detailed information, see Table D-4.
10.4
Performing meter validation
To perform meter validation, measure a sample of the process fluid and compare the measurement
with the flowmeter’s reported value.
Use the following formula to calculate a meter factor:
Defaults
ExternalStandard
NewMeterFactor = ConfiguredMeterFactor × ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------ActualTransmitterMeasurement
Valid values for meter factors range from 0.8 to 1.2. If the calculated meter factor exceeds these
limits, contact Micro Motion customer service.
Configuration and Use Manual
111
Measurement Performance
To configure meter factors:
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2.
•
Using the display menus, see Figure C-16.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure C-8.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Measurement block, Indices 15, 16, and 17 (see
Table D-2).
Example
The flowmeter is installed and proved for the first time. The flowmeter
mass measurement is 250.27 lb; the reference device measurement is
250 lb. A mass flow meter factor is determined as follows:
250
MassFlowMeterFactor = 1 × ------------------ = 0.9989
250.27
The first mass flow meter factor is 0.9989.
One year later, the flowmeter is proved again. The flowmeter mass
measurement is 250.07 lb; the reference device measurement is
250.25 lb. A new mass flow meter factor is determined as follows:
250.25
MassFlowMeterFactor = 0.9989 × ------------------ = 0.9996
250.07
The new mass flow meter factor is 0.9996.
10.5
Performing zero calibration
Zeroing the flowmeter establishes the flowmeter’s point of reference when there is no flow. The meter
was zeroed at the factory, and should not require a field zero. However, you may wish to perform a
field zero to meet local requirements or to confirm the factory zero.
When you zero the flowmeter, you may need to adjust the zero time parameter. Zero time is the
amount of time the transmitter takes to determine its zero-flow reference point. The default zero time
is 20 seconds.
•
A long zero time may produce a more accurate zero reference but is more likely to result in a
zero failure. This is due to the increased possibility of noisy flow, which causes incorrect
calibration.
•
A short zero time is less likely to result in a zero failure but may produce a less accurate zero
reference.
For most applications, the default zero time is appropriate.
Note: Do not zero the flowmeter if a high severity alarm is active. Correct the problem, then zero the
flowmeter. You may zero the flowmeter if a low severity alarm is active. See Section 7.6 for
information on viewing transmitter status and alarms.
112
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
If the zero procedure fails, two recovery functions are provided:
Restore prior zero, available only from ProLink II and only during the current zero procedure.
Once you have closed the Calibration dialog box or disconnected from the transmitter, you can
no longer restore the prior zero.
•
Restore factory zero, available via:
-
The display (see Figure C-16)
-
ProLink II, in the Calibration dialog box (see Figure C-1)
-
A PROFIBUS host with the EDD (see Figure C-7)
-
PROFIBUS bus parameters (Calibration block, Index 42; see Table D-3).
Compensation
•
If desired, you can use one of these functions to return the meter to operation while you are
troubleshooting the cause of the zero failure (see Section 11.8).
Preparing for zero
To prepare for the zero procedure:
1. Apply power to the flowmeter. Allow the flowmeter to warm up for approximately 20 minutes.
2. Run the process fluid through the sensor until the sensor temperature reaches the normal
process operating temperature.
3. Close the shutoff valve downstream from the sensor.
4. Ensure that the sensor is completely filled with fluid.
Measurement Performance
10.5.1
5. Ensure that the process flow has completely stopped.
CAUTION
If fluid is flowing through the sensor during zero calibration, the calibration
may be inaccurate, resulting in inaccurate process measurement.
Troubleshooting
To improve the sensor zero calibration and measurement accuracy, ensure that
process flow through the sensor has completely stopped.
10.5.2
Zero procedure
To zero the flowmeter:
•
Using the zero button, see Figure 10-17.
•
Using the display menu, see Figure 10-18. For a complete illustration of the display zero
menu, see Figure C-16.
•
Using ProLink II, see Figure 10-19.
•
Using a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, use the Zero Calibration window in the Device menu.
See Figure C-16.
•
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, see Figure 10-21.
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
113
Measurement Performance
Note the following:
•
•
•
If the transmitter was ordered with a display:
-
The zero button is not available.
-
If the off-line menu has been disabled, you will not be able to zero the transmitter with the
display. For information about enabling and disabling the off-line menu, see Section 8.9.5.
-
You cannot change the zero time with the display. If you need to change the zero time, you
must use ProLink II or PROFIBUS protocol.
If the transmitter was ordered without a display, the zero button is available.
-
You cannot change the zero time with the zero button. If you need to change the zero time,
you must use ProLink II or PROFIBUS protocol.
-
The zero button is located on the user interface board, beneath the transmitter housing
cover (see Figure 3-1). For instructions on removing the transmitter housing cover, see
Section 3.3.
-
To press the zero button, use a fine-pointed object that will fit into the opening (0.14 in or
3.5 mm). Hold the button down until the status LED on the user interface module begins to
flash yellow.
During the zero procedure, the status LED on the user interface module flashes yellow.
Figure 10-17 Zero button – Flowmeter zero procedure
Press ZERO button
Status LED flashes
yellow
Status LED
114
Solid
Red
Solid Green or
Solid Yellow
Troubleshoot
Done
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-18 Display menu – Flowmeter zero procedure
Compensation
Scroll and Select simultaneously
for 4 seconds
Scroll
OFF-LINE MAINT
Select
Scroll
ZERO
Select
Measurement Performance
ZERO/YES?
Select
………………….
CAL FAIL
CAL PASS
Troubleshoot
Select
ZERO
Scroll
Troubleshooting
EXIT
Figure 10-19 ProLink II – Flowmeter zero procedure
ProLink >
Calibration >
Zero Calibration
Modify zero time
if required
Perform Auto Zero
Calibration in Progress
LED turns red
Defaults
Wait until Calibration in
Progress LED turns green
Red
Troubleshoot
Configuration and Use Manual
Calibration
Failure LED
Green
Done
115
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-20 PROFIBUS host with EDD – Flowmeter zero procedure
Device >
Zero Calibration
Modify zero time
if required
Transfer
Perform Auto Zero =
Start Zero Calibration
Transfer
Check status
Alarm Five, Bit 8
On
Bit 8 value
Off
Check procedure outcome
Alarm Three
Yes
Troubleshoot
Zero failed?
No
Check zero value
Flow Signal Offset at Zero Flow
Done
Figure 10-21 PROFIBUS bus parameters – Flowmeter zero procedure
Modify zero time if
required
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 7
Perform zero
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 6
Check status
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 14, Bit 15
Check outcome
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 14, Bits 8, 9, 10, 11
Check zero values
116
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 8 (standard deviation)
Index 9 (offset)
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
10.6
Performing density calibration
•
•
Compensation
Density calibration includes the following calibration points:
All sensors:
-
D1 calibration (low-density)
-
D2 calibration (high-density)
T-Series sensors only:
-
D3 calibration (optional)
-
D4 calibration (optional)
For T-Series sensors, the optional D3 and D4 calibrations could improve the accuracy of the density
measurement. If you choose to perform the D3 and D4 calibration:
Do not perform the D1 or D2 calibration.
•
Perform D3 calibration if you have one calibrated fluid.
•
Perform both D3 and D4 calibrations if you have two calibrated fluids (other than air and
water).
The calibrations that you choose must be performed without interruption, in the order listed here.
Note: Before performing the calibration, record your current calibration parameters. If you are using
ProLink II, you can do this by saving the current configuration to a file on the PC. If the calibration
fails, restore the known values.
You can calibrate for density with ProLink II, a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, or PROFIBUS bus
parameters.
10.6.1
Measurement Performance
•
Preparing for density calibration
Before beginning density calibration, review the requirements in this section.
Troubleshooting
Sensor requirements
During density calibration, the sensor must be completely filled with the calibration fluid, and flow
through the sensor must be at the lowest rate allowed by your application. This is usually
accomplished by closing the shutoff valve downstream from the sensor, then filling the sensor with
the appropriate fluid.
Density calibration fluids
D1 and D2 density calibration require a D1 (low-density) fluid and a D2 (high-density) fluid. You
may use air and water. If you are calibrating a T-Series sensor, the D1 fluid must be air and the D2
fluid must be water.
CAUTION
For T-Series sensors, the D1 calibration must be performed on air and the D2
calibration must be performed on water.
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
117
Measurement Performance
For D3 density calibration, the D3 fluid must meet the following requirements:
•
Minimum density of 0.6 g/cm3
•
Minimum difference of 0.1 g/cm3 between the density of the D3 fluid and the density of water.
The density of the D3 fluid may be either greater or less than the density of water
For D4 density calibration, the D4 fluid must meet the following requirements:
•
Minimum density of 0.6 g/cm3
•
Minimum difference of 0.1 g/cm3 between the density of the D4 fluid and the density of the
D3 fluid. The density of the D4 fluid must be greater than the density of the D3 fluid
•
Minimum difference of 0.1 g/cm3 between the density of the D4 fluid and the density of water.
The density of the D4 fluid may be either greater or less than the density of water
10.6.2
Density calibration procedures
To perform a D1 and D2 density calibration:
•
With ProLink II, see Figure 10-22.
•
With a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure 10-23.
•
With PROFIBUS bus parameters, see Figure 10-24.
To perform a D3 density calibration or a D3 and D4 density calibration:
•
With ProLink II, see Figure 10-25.
•
With a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, see Figure 10-26.
•
With PROFIBUS bus parameters, see Figure 10-27.
Figure 10-22
D1 and D2 density calibration – ProLink II
D1 calibration
Close shutoff valve
downstream from sensor
D2 calibration
Fill sensor with D1 fluid
ProLink Menu >
Calibration >
Density cal – Point 1
Fill sensor with D2 fluid
ProLink Menu >
Calibration >
Density cal – Point 2
Enter density of D1 fluid
Enter density of D2 fluid
Do Cal
Do Cal
Calibration in Progress
light turns red
Calibration in Progress
light turns red
Calibration in Progress
light turns green
Calibration in Progress
light turns green
Close
Close
Done
118
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-23 D1 and D2 density calibration – PROFIBUS host with EDD
Close shutoff valve
downstream from sensor
D2 calibration
Fill sensor with D1 fluid
Fill sensor with D2 fluid
Device >
Density cal
D2 = Density of D2 fluid
Do Density Cal – Point 2 =
Start Cal
D1 = Density of D1 fluid
Transfer
Do Density Cal – Point 1 =
Start Cal
Check status
Alarm Five
Yes
D1 calibration
in progress?
Measurement Performance
Check status
Alarm Five
Transfer
Yes
Compensation
D1 calibration
D2 calibration
in progress?
No
No
Done(1)
(1) K1 and K2 values are displayed in the Density section of the Configuration Parameters menu.
You may need to reload values from the transmitter to see the results of the density calibration.
Figure 10-24 D1 and D2 density calibration – PROFIBUS bus parameters
Fill sensor with D1 fluid
D1 calibration
D2 calibration
Fill sensor with D2 fluid
Enter density of D1 fluid
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 21
Enter density of D2 fluid
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 22
Start D1 calibration
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 11
Start D2 calibration
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 12
Monitor status
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 14, Bit 14
Monitor status
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 14, Bit 13
No
Bit 14 0ff?
No
Yes
Yes
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 16
Check K2 value
Done
Configuration and Use Manual
Bit 13 0ff?
Defaults
Check K1 value
Troubleshooting
Close shutoff valve
downstream from sensor
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 17
Done
119
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-25 D3 or D3 and D4 density calibration – ProLink II
D3 calibration
Close shutoff valve
downstream from sensor
D4 calibration
Fill sensor with D3 fluid
Fill sensor with D4 fluid
ProLink Menu >
Calibration >
Density cal – Point 3
ProLink Menu >
Calibration >
Density cal – Point 4
Enter density of D3 fluid
Enter density of D4 fluid
Do Cal
Do Cal
Calibration in Progress
light turns red
Calibration in Progress
light turns red
Calibration in Progress
light turns green
Calibration in Progress
light turns green
Close
Close
Done
Done
Figure 10-26 D3 or D3 and D4 density calibration – PROFIBUS host with EDD
D4 calibration
D3 calibration
Close shutoff valve
downstream from sensor
Fill sensor with D3 fluid
Fill sensor with D4 fluid
Device >
Density cal
D4 = Density of D4 fluid
Do Density Cal – Point 4 =
Start Cal
D3 = Density of D3 fluid
Transfer
Do Density Cal – Point 3 =
Start Cal
Check status
Alarm Five
Transfer
Check status
Alarm Five
Yes
D3 calibration
in progress?
Yes
No
D4 calibration
in progress?
No
Done(1)
(1) K3 and K4 values are displayed in the Density section of the Configuration Parameters menu.
You may need to reload values from the transmitter to see the results of the density calibration.
120
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-27 D3 or D3 and D4 density calibration – PROFIBUS bus parameters
Compensation
Close shutoff valve
downstream from sensor
D3 calibration
D4 calibration
Fill sensor with D3 fluid
Fill sensor with D4 fluid
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 24
Enter density of D4 fluid
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 25
Start D3 calibration
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 14
Start D4 calibration
Block: Calibration (Slot 2)
Index 15
Monitor status
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 14, Bit 6
Monitor status
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 14, Bit 7
No
Bit 6 0ff?
No
Bit 7 0ff?
Yes
Check K3 value
Yes
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 19
Check K4 value
Done
10.7
Measurement Performance
Enter density of D3 fluid
Block: Diagnostic (Slot 3)
Index 20
Done
Performing temperature calibration
Temperature calibration is a two-part procedure: temperature offset calibration and temperature slope
calibration. The entire procedure must be completed without interruption.
Troubleshooting
To perform temperature calibration, you must use ProLink II. See Figure 10-28.
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
121
Measurement Performance
Figure 10-28 Temperature calibration – ProLink II
Temperature Offset calibration
Temperature Slope calibration
Fill sensor with lowtemperature fluid
Fill sensor with hightemperature fluid
Wait until sensor achieves
thermal equilibrium
Wait until sensor achieves
thermal equilibrium
ProLink Menu >
Calibration >
Temp offset cal
ProLink Menu >
Calibration >
Temp slope cal
Enter temperature of lowtemperature fluid
Enter temperature of hightemperature fluid
Do Cal
Do Cal
Calibration in Progress
light turns red
Calibration in Progress
light turns red
Calibration in Progress
light turns green
Calibration in Progress
light turns green
Close
Close
Done
122
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
11.1
Compensation
Chapter 11
Troubleshooting
Overview
This chapter describes guidelines and procedures for troubleshooting the flowmeter. The information
in this chapter will enable you to:
Categorize the problem
•
Determine whether you are able to correct the problem
•
Take corrective measures (if possible)
•
Contact the appropriate support agency
Note: All procedures provided in this chapter assume that you have established communication with
the Model 2400S DP transmitter and that you are complying with all applicable safety requirements.
Note: If you are using Pocket ProLink, the interface is similar to the ProLink II interface described in
this chapter.
Measurement Performance
•
WARNING
Using the service port clips to communicate with the transmitter in a
hazardous area can cause an explosion.
11.2
Troubleshooting
Before using the service port clips to communicate with the transmitter in a
hazardous area, make sure the atmosphere is free of explosive gases.
Guide to troubleshooting topics
Refer to Table 11-1 for a list of troubleshooting topics discussed in this chapter.
Table 11-1 Troubleshooting topics and locations
Topic
Section 11.4
Transmitter does not operate
Section 11.5
Transmitter does not communicate
Section 11.6
Checking the communication device
Section 11.7
Diagnosing wiring problems
Section 11.7.1
Checking the power supply wiring
Section 11.7.2
Checking PROFIBUS wiring
Section 11.7.3
Checking grounding
Section 11.8
Zero or calibration failure
Section 11.9
Fault conditions
Section 11.10
Simulation mode
Configuration and Use Manual
Defaults
Section
123
Troubleshooting
Table 11-1 Troubleshooting topics and locations continued
11.3
Section
Topic
Section 11.11
Transmitter LEDs
Section 11.12
Status alarms
Section 11.13
Checking process variables
Section 11.14
Checking slug flow
Section 11.15
Checking the sensor tubes
Section 11.16
Checking the flow measurement configuration
Section 11.17
Checking the characterization
Section 11.18
Checking the calibration
Section 11.19
Restoring a working configuration
Section 11.20
Checking the test points
Section 11.21
Checking sensor circuitry
Micro Motion customer service
To speak to a customer service representative, contact the Micro Motion customer service department.
Contact information is provided in Section 1.10.
Before contacting Micro Motion customer service, review the troubleshooting information and
procedures in this chapter, and have the results available for discussion with the technician.
11.4
Transmitter does not operate
If the transmitter is not receiving power, all three LEDs on the user interface will be off.
1. Check the power supply to the transmitter, as described in Section 11.7.1.
2. Check the grounding, as described in Section 11.7.3.
If the procedures do not indicate a problem with the electrical connections, contact the Micro Motion
customer service department.
11.5
Transmitter does not communicate
If the transmitter does not appear to be communicating, the wiring may be faulty or the
communication device may be incompatible. Check the wiring and the communication device:
•
For ProLink II and Pocket ProLink, see Section 11.6 and Chapter 4.
•
For a PROFIBUS host, see Section 11.6, Section 11.7.2, and Chapter 5. Ensure that the
PROFIBUS host is configured to use the appropriate node address.
If you are trying to communicate via the IrDA port, ensure that the port is enabled and that there is no
active connection via the service port clips. See Section 8.10.2.
11.6
Checking the communication device
Ensure that your communication device is compatible with your transmitter.
124
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Troubleshooting
ProLink II
1. Start ProLink II.
2. Click Help > About ProLink.
Verify that ProLink II can connect to other devices using the same connection type (e.g., service port).
If you cannot connect to other devices, see the ProLink II manual for troubleshooting assistance.
Compensation
ProLink II v2.5 or later is required. To check the version of ProLink II:
Pocket ProLink
Pocket ProLink v1.3 or later is required. To check the version of Pocket ProLink:
1. Start Pocket ProLink.
2. Tap the Information icon (the question mark) at the bottom of the main screen.
The Model 2400S DP transmitter is compatible with all PROFIBUS hosts. Check that your
PROFIBUS host is correctly configured and can make a connection to other devices on the network.
11.7
Diagnosing wiring problems
Use the procedures in this section to check the transmitter installation for wiring problems.
Measurement Performance
PROFIBUS host
WARNING
Removing the transmitter housing cover in explosive atmospheres while the
device is powered can subject the transmitter to environmental conditions
that can cause an explosion.
11.7.1
Checking the power supply wiring
To check the power supply wiring:
1. Follow appropriate procedures to ensure that the process of checking the power supply wiring
does not interfere with existing measurement and control loops.
Troubleshooting
Before removing the transmitter housing cover in explosive atmospheres, be sure
to remove power from the device and wait five minutes.
2. Power down the transmitter.
3. If the transmitter is in a hazardous area, wait five minutes.
4. Referring to Figure B-1:
a. Loosen the four captive transmitter housing cover screws and remove the transmitter
housing cover.
b. Loosen the two captive user interface screws.
5. Referring to Figure B-2:
a. Loosen the Warning flap screw.
b. Lift the Warning flap.
6. Ensure that the power supply wires are connected to the correct terminals. See Figure B-2.
Configuration and Use Manual
125
Defaults
c. Gently lift the user interface module, disengaging it from the connector on the transmitter.
Troubleshooting
7. Verify that the power supply wires are making good contact, and are not clamped to the wire
insulation.
8. Inspect the voltage label on the inside of the field-wiring compartment. Verify that the voltage
supplied to the transmitter matches the voltage specified on the label.
9. Use a voltmeter to test the voltage at the transmitter’s power supply terminals. Verify that it is
within the specified limits. For DC power, you may need to size the cable. See your transmitter
installation manual for power supply requirements.
11.7.2
Checking PROFIBUS wiring
To check the PROFIBUS wiring:
1. Follow appropriate procedures to ensure that the process of checking the PROFIBUS wiring
does not interfere with existing measurement and control loops.
2. Referring to Figure B-1:
a. Loosen the four captive transmitter housing cover screws and remove the transmitter
housing cover.
b. Loosen the two captive user interface screws.
c. Gently lift the user interface module, disengaging it from the connector on the transmitter.
3. Visually inspect the PROFIBUS cable and wiring. Ensure that the wires are inserted into the
correct terminals (see Figure B-2), contact is good at both ends, the cable is not crimped, and
the cable covering is intact. Replace the cable if appropriate.
4. Verify that the internal termination resistor switch is set correctly for your installation. See
Figure 3-1 or 3-2.
11.7.3
Checking grounding
The sensor / transmitter assembly must be grounded. See your sensor installation manual for
grounding requirements and instructions.
11.8
Zero or calibration failure
If a zero or calibration procedure fails, the transmitter will send a status alarm indicating the cause of
failure. See Section 11.12 for specific remedies for status alarms indicating calibration failure.
11.9
Fault conditions
If a fault is reported, determine the exact nature of the fault by checking the status alarms (see
Section 7.6). Once you have identified the status alarm(s) associated with the fault condition, refer to
Section 11.12.
Some fault conditions can be corrected by cycling power to the transmitter. A power cycle can clear
the following:
126
•
Zero failure
•
Stopped internal totalizer
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Troubleshooting
11.10 Simulation mode
•
It can help determine if a problem is located in the transmitter or elsewhere in the system. For
example, signal oscillation or noise is a common occurrence. The source could be the
PROFIBUS host, the meter, improper grounding, or a number of other factors. By setting up
simulation to output a flat signal, you can determine the point at which the noise is introduced.
•
It can be used to analyze system response or to tune the loop.
Compensation
Simulation allows you to define arbitrary values for mass flow, temperature, and density. Simulation
mode has several uses:
If simulation mode is active, the simulated values are stored in the same memory locations used for
process data from the sensor. Therefore, the simulated values will be used throughout transmitter
functioning. For example, simulation will affect:
All mass flow, temperature, or density values shown on the display or reported via digital
communications
•
The mass total and inventory values
•
All volume calculations and data, including reported values, volume total, and volume
inventory
•
All related values logged by Data Logger (a ProLink II utility)
Accordingly, do not enable simulation when your process cannot tolerate these effects, and be sure to
disable simulation when you have finished testing.
Note: Unlike actual mass flow and density values, the simulated values are not
temperature-compensated.
Measurement Performance
•
Simulation does not change any diagnostic values.
Simulation mode is available only via ProLink II. To set up simulation, refer to Figure C-3 and follow
the steps below:
1. Enable simulation mode.
a. Specify the type of simulation you want: fixed value, sawtooth (triangular wave), or sine
wave.
b. Enter the required values.
•
If you specified fixed value simulation, enter a fixed value.
•
If you specified sawtooth or sine wave simulation, enter a minimum value, maximum
value, and wave period. Minimum and maximum values are entered in the current
measurement units; the wave period is entered in seconds.
Troubleshooting
2. For mass flow:
3. Repeat Step 2 for temperature and density.
To use simulation mode for problem location, enable simulation mode and check the signal at various
points between the transmitter and the receiving device.
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
127
Troubleshooting
11.11 Transmitter LEDs
The user interface module includes three LEDs:
•
A status LED. See Table 7-3 for information on status LED behavior. If the status LED
indicates an alarm condition:
a. View the alarm code using the procedures described in Section 7.6.
b. Identify the alarm (see Section 11.12).
c. Correct the condition.
d. If desired, acknowledge the alarm using the procedures described in Section 7.7.
•
A network LED. See Table 7-1 for information on the behavior of the network LED. The
network LED indicates the state of the device on the network, and does not indicate device
status. Troubleshooting should focus on the network rather than the device.
•
A software address LED. See Table 7-2 for information on the behavior of the software
address LED. You may need to set the node address for the Model 2400S DP transmitter, or
you may need to configure the PROFIBUS host to use the existing node address.
11.12 Status alarms
Status alarm codes are reported on the LCD panel (for transmitters that have displays), and status
alarms can be viewed with ProLink II or a PROFIBUS host. All possible status alarms are listed in
Table 11-2, along with the PROFIBUS host or ProLink II message, possible causes, and suggested
remedies.
You may find it useful to acknowledge all alarms before beginning the troubleshooting procedures.
This will remove inactive alarms from the list and allow you to focus on active alarms.
Table 11-2 Status alarms and remedies
Alarm
code
A001
Message(1)
Cause
Suggested remedy
EEprom Checksum Error
(Core Processor)
An uncorrectable
checksum mismatch has
been detected
• Cycle power to the flowmeter.
• The flowmeter might need service. Contact Micro
Motion.
ROM checksum error or a
RAM location cannot be
written to
• Cycle power to the flowmeter.
• The flowmeter might need service. Contact Micro
Motion.
Sensor Failure
Continuity failure of drive
circuit, LPO, or RPO, or
LPO-RPO mismatch when
driving
• Check for slug flow. See Section 11.14.
• Check the test points. See Section 11.20.
• Check the sensor circuitry. See Section 11.21.
• Check sensor tubes for plugging.
• If the problem persists, contact Micro Motion.
Temperature sensor out
of range
Combination of A016 and
A017
• Check the sensor RTD circuitry. See Section 11.21.
• Verify that process temperature is within range of
sensor and transmitter.
• If the problem persists, contact Micro Motion.
(E)EPROM Checksum
Error (CP)
A002
RAM Test Error (Core
Processor)
RAM Error (CP)
A003
A004
Sensor Not Responding
(No Tube Interrupt)
Temperature Sensor
Failure
128
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Troubleshooting
Table 11-2 Status alarms and remedies continued
Suggested remedy
A005
Input Over-Range
Input Overrange
The measured flow has
exceeded the maximum
flow rate of the sensor
(ΔT > 200 μs)
• If other alarms are present (typically, A003, A006,
A008, A102, or A105), resolve those alarm
conditions first. If the A005 alarm persists, continue
with the suggestions here.
• Verify process and check for slug flow. See
Section 11.14.
• Check the test points. See Section 11.20.
• Check the sensor circuitry. See Section 11.21.
• Check the sensor tubes for erosion. See
Section 11.15.
• If the problem persists, contact Micro Motion.
Transmitter Not
Characterized
Combination of A020 and
A021
• Check the characterization. Specifically, verify the
FCF and K1 values. See Section 6.2.
• If the problem persists, contact Micro Motion.
The measured density has
exceeded 0–10 g/cm3
• If other alarms are present (typically, A003, A006,
A102, or A105), resolve those alarm conditions first.
If the A008 alarm persists, continue with the
suggestions here.
• Verify process. Check for air in the flow tubes, tubes
not filled, foreign material in tubes, or coating in tubes
(see Section 11.15).
• Check for slug flow. See Section 11.14.
• Check the sensor circuitry. See Section 11.21.
• Verify calibration factors in transmitter configuration.
See Section 6.2.
• Check the test points. See Section 11.20.
• If the problem persists, contact Micro Motion.
Transmitter in power-up
mode
• Allow the flowmeter to warm up (approximately 30
seconds). The error should disappear once the
flowmeter is ready for normal operation.
• If alarm does not clear, make sure that the sensor is
completely full or completely empty.
• Check the sensor circuitry. See Section 11.21.
Mechanical zero: The
resulting zero was greater
than 3 μs
Temperature/Density
calibrations: many
possible causes
• If alarm appears during a transmitter zero, ensure
that there is no flow through the sensor, then retry.
• Cycle power to the flowmeter, then retry.
• If appropriate, restore the factory zero to return the
flowmeter to operation.
See A010
• Ensure that there is no flow through the sensor, then
retry.
• Cycle power to the flowmeter, then retry.
• If appropriate, restore the factory zero to return the
flowmeter to operation.
See A010
• Ensure that there is no flow through the sensor, then
retry.
• Cycle power to the flowmeter, then retry.
• If appropriate, restore the factory zero to return the
flowmeter to operation.
A006
Not Configured
A008
Density Outside Limits
Density Overrange
A009
Transmitter
Initializing/Warming Up
Transmitter
Initializing/Warming Up
A010
Calibration Failure
Calibration Failure
A011
Excess Calibration
Correction, Zero too Low
Zero Too Low
A012
Excess Calibration
Correction, Zero too
High
Zero Too High
Troubleshooting
Cause
Measurement Performance
Message(1)
Compensation
Alarm
code
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
129
Troubleshooting
Table 11-2 Status alarms and remedies continued
Alarm
code
A013
Message(1)
Cause
Suggested remedy
Process too Noisy to
Perform Auto Zero
See A010
• Remove or reduce sources of electromechanical
noise, then retry. Sources of noise include:
- Mechanical pumps
- Pipe stress at sensor
- Electrical interference
- Vibration effects from nearby machinery
• Cycle power to the flowmeter, then retry.
• If appropriate, restore the factory zero to return the
flowmeter to operation.
Many possible causes
• Cycle power to the flowmeter.
• The transmitter might need service. Contact Micro
Motion.
The value computed for
the resistance of the Line
RTD is outside limits
• Check the sensor RTD circuitry. See Section 11.21.
• Verify that process temperature is within range of
sensor and transmitter.
• If the problem persists, contact Micro Motion.
The value computed for
the resistance of the
Meter/Case RTD is
outside limits
• Check the sensor RTD circuitry. See Section 11.21.
• Verify that process temperature is within range of
sensor and transmitter.
• Check the characterization. Specifically, verify the
FCF and K1 values. See Section 6.2.
• If the problem persists, contact Micro Motion.
The flow calibration factor
and/or K1 has not been
entered since the last
master reset
• Check the characterization. Specifically, verify the
FCF and K1 values. See Section 6.2.
• If the problem persists, contact Micro Motion.
The sensor is recognized
as a straight tube but the
K1 value indicates a
curved tube, or vice versa
• Check the characterization. Specifically, verify the
FCF and K1 values. See Section 6.2.
• Check the sensor RTD circuitry. See Section 11.21.
• If the problem persists, contact Micro Motion.
Transmitter electronics
failure
• Cycle power to the flowmeter.
• Contact Micro Motion.
The loaded software is not
compatible with the
programmed board type
• Contact Micro Motion.
The transmitter is not
receiving enough power
• Check power supply to transmitter. See
Section 11.7.1.
Meter verification in
progress, with outputs set
to fault
• Allow the procedure to complete.
• If desired, abort the procedure and restart with
outputs set to last measured value.
Meter verification in
progress, with outputs set
to Fault or Last Measured
Value.
• Allow the procedure to complete.
• If desired, abort the procedure and restart with
outputs set to Continue Measurement.
Zero Too Noisy
A014
Transmitter Failed
Transmitter Failed
A016
Line RTD Temperature
Out-Of-Range
Line RTD Temperature
Out-of-Range
A017
Meter RTD Temperature
Out-Of-Range
Meter RTD Temperature
Out-of-Range
A020
Calibration Factors
Unentered
Calibration Factors
Unentered (FlowCal)
A021
Unrecognized/
Unentered Sensor Type
Incorrect Sensor Type
(K1)
A029
Internal Communication
Failure
PIC/Daughterboard
Communication Failure
A030
Hardware/Software
Incompatible
Incorrect Board Type
A031
Undefined
Low Power
A032(2)
Meter Verification Fault
Alarm
Meter
Verification/Outputs In
Fault
A032(3)
Outputs Fixed during
Meter Verification
Meter Verification In
Progress and Outputs
Fixed
130
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Troubleshooting
Table 11-2 Status alarms and remedies continued
A033
Sensor OK, Tubes
Stopped by Process
No signal from LPO or
RPO, suggesting that
sensor tubes are not
vibrating
• Verify process. Check for air in the flow tubes, tubes
not filled, foreign material in tubes, or coating in tubes
(see Section 11.15).
Test results were not
within acceptable limits.
Rerun the test. If the test fails again, see
Section 10.3.4.
The test did not complete,
possibly due to manual
abort.
If desired, read the abort code, see Section 10.3.4, and
perform the appropriate action.
The drive power
(current/voltage) is at its
maximum
• Excessive drive gain. See Section 11.20.3.
• Check the sensor circuitry. See Section 11.21.
• If this is the only active alarm, it can be ignored. If
desired, reconfigure the alarm severity to Ignore (see
Section 8.8).
A calibration procedure is
in progress
• Allow the flowmeter to complete calibration.
• For zero calibration procedures, you may abort the
calibration, set the zero time parameter to a lower
value, and restart the calibration.
The density has exceeded
the user-defined slug
(density) limits
• See Section 11.14.
The transmitter has been
restarted
• No action required.
• If desired, reconfigure the alarm severity to Ignore
(see Section 8.8).
Process temperature is
outside API-defined
extrapolation limits
• Verify process.
• Verify API reference table and temperature
configuration. See Section 8.14.
Process density is outside
API-defined extrapolation
limits
• Verify process.
• Verify API reference table and density configuration.
See Section 8.14.
Configured values for
density curve do not meet
accuracy requirements
• Verify enhanced density configuration. See
Section 8.15.
Enhanced density
calculations are outside
the configured data range
• Verify process temperature.
• Verify process density.
• Verify enhanced density configuration.
• If desired, reconfigure the alarm severity to Ignore
(see Section 8.8).
Meter verification in
progress, with outputs set
to last measured value
• Allow the procedure to complete.
• If desired, abort the procedure and restart with
outputs set to fault.
Meter verification in
progress, with outputs set
to continue reporting
process data.
• Allow the procedure to complete.
Sensor OK, Tubes
Stopped by Process
A034(3)
Meter Verification Failed
Meter Verification Failed
A035
(3)
Meter Verification
Aborted
Meter Verification
Aborted
A102
Drive Over-Range/
Partially Full Tube
Drive Overrange/
Partially Full Tube
A104
Calibration-In- Progress
Calibration in Progress
A105
Slug Flow
Slug Flow
A107
Power Reset Occurred
Power Reset Occurred
A116
API Temperature
Out-of-Limits
API: Temperature
Outside Standard Range
A117
API Density
Out-of-Limits
API: Density Outside
Standard Range
A120
ED: Unable to fit curve
data
ED: Unable to Fit Curve
Data
A121
ED: Extrapolation alarm
ED: Extrapolation Alarm
A131(2)
Meter Verification Info
Alarm
Meter
Verification/Outputs at
Last Value
A131(3)
Meter Verification in
Progress
Meter Verification in
Progress
Configuration and Use Manual
Defaults
Suggested remedy
Troubleshooting
Cause
Measurement Performance
Message(1)
Compensation
Alarm
code
131
Troubleshooting
Table 11-2 Status alarms and remedies continued
Alarm
code
Message(1)
Cause
Suggested remedy
A132
Simulation Mode Active
Simulation mode is
enabled
• Disable simulation mode. See Section 11.10.
EEPROM data on the user
interface module is corrupt
• Contact Micro Motion.
Simulation Mode Active
A133
PIC UI EEPROM Error
PIC UI EEPROM Error
(1) Depending on the method you are using to view the alarm, different messages may be displayed. This table shows two possible
message versions. The ProLink II version is displayed in the second message of each pair.
(2) Applies only to systems with the original version of the meter verification application.
(3) Applies only to systems with Smart Meter Verification.
11.13 Checking process variables
Micro Motion suggests that you make a record of the process variables listed below, under normal
operating conditions. This will help you recognize when the process variables are unusually high or
low.
•
Flow rate
•
Density
•
Temperature
•
Tube frequency
•
Pickoff voltage
•
Drive gain
For troubleshooting, check the process variables under both normal flow and tubes-full no-flow
conditions. Except for flow rate, you should see little or no change between flow and no-flow
conditions. If you see a significant difference, record the values and contact Micro Motion customer
service for assistance.
Unusual values for process variables may indicate a variety of different problems. Table 11-3 lists
several possible problems and suggested remedies.
Table 11-3 Process variables problems and remedies
Symptom
Cause
Suggested remedy
Steady non-zero flow rate under
no-flow conditions
Misaligned piping (especially in new
installations)
• Correct the piping.
Open or leaking valve
• Check or correct the valve
mechanism.
Bad sensor zero
• Rezero the flowmeter or restore the
factory zero or prior zero. See
Section 10.5.
132
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Troubleshooting
Table 11-3 Process variables problems and remedies continued
Leaking valve or seal
• Check pipeline.
Slug flow
• See Section 11.14.
Plugged flow tube
• Check drive gain and tube frequency.
Purge the flow tubes.
Incorrect sensor orientation
• Sensor orientation must be
appropriate to process fluid. See the
installation manual for your sensor.
Wiring problem
• Check the sensor circuitry. See
Section 11.21.
Vibration in pipeline at rate close to
sensor tube frequency
• Check environment and remove
source of vibration.
Damping value too low
• Check configuration. See Section 8.4.
Mounting stress on sensor
• Check sensor mounting. Ensure:
- Sensor is not being used to support
pipe.
- Sensor is not being used to correct
pipe misalignment.
- Sensor is not too heavy for pipe.
Sensor cross-talk
• Check environment for sensor with
similar (±0.5 Hz) tube frequency.
Slug flow
• See Section 11.14.
Damping value too low
• Check configuration. See Section 8.4.
Plugged flow tube
• Check drive gain and tube frequency.
Purge the flow tubes.
Excessive or erratic drive gain
• See Section 11.20.3
Output wiring problem
• Verify wiring between transmitter and
receiving device. See the installation
manual for your transmitter.
Problem with receiving device
• Test with another receiving device.
Wiring problem
• Check the sensor circuitry. See
Section 11.21.
Bad flow calibration factor
• Verify characterization. See
Section 6.2.
Inappropriate measurement unit
• Check configuration. See
Section 11.16.
Bad sensor zero
• Rezero the flowmeter or restore the
factory zero or prior zero. See
Section 10.5.
Bad density calibration factors
• Verify characterization. See
Section 6.2.
Bad flowmeter grounding
• See Section 11.7.3.
Slug flow
• See Section 11.14.
Wiring problem
• Check the sensor circuitry. See
Section 11.21.
Erratic non-zero flow rate when flow
is steady
Inaccurate flow rate
Configuration and Use Manual
Defaults
Erratic non-zero flow rate under
no-flow conditions
Troubleshooting
Suggested remedy
Measurement Performance
Cause
Compensation
Symptom
133
Troubleshooting
Table 11-3 Process variables problems and remedies continued
Symptom
Cause
Suggested remedy
Inaccurate density reading
Problem with process fluid
• Use standard procedures to check
quality of process fluid.
Bad density calibration factors
• Verify characterization. See
Section 6.2.
Wiring problem
• Check the sensor circuitry. See
Section 11.21.
Bad flowmeter grounding
• See Section 11.7.3.
Slug flow
• See Section 11.14.
Sensor cross-talk
• Check environment for sensor with
similar (±0.5 Hz) tube frequency.
Plugged flow tube
• Check drive gain and tube frequency.
Purge the flow tubes.
Incorrect sensor orientation
• Sensor orientation must be
appropriate to process fluid. See the
installation manual for your sensor.
RTD failure
• Check for alarm conditions and follow
troubleshooting procedure for
indicated alarm.
Physical characteristics of sensor have
changed
• Check for corrosion, erosion, or tube
damage. See Section 11.15.
Temperature reading significantly
different from process temperature
RTD failure
• Check for alarm conditions and follow
troubleshooting procedure for
indicated alarm.
• Verify “Use external temperature”
configuration and disable if
appropriate. See Section 9.3.
Temperature reading slightly different
from process temperature
Sensor leaking heat
• Insulate the sensor.
Unusually high density reading
Plugged flow tube
• Check drive gain and tube frequency.
Purge the flow tubes.
Incorrect K2 value
• Verify characterization. See
Section 6.2.
Slug flow
• See Section 11.14.
Incorrect K2 value
• Verify characterization. See
Section 6.2.
Unusually high tube frequency
Sensor erosion
• Contact Micro Motion.
Unusually low tube frequency
Plugged flow tube, corrosion, or erosion
• Purge the flow tubes.
• Perform meter verification. See
Section 11.15.
Unusually low pickoff voltages
Several possible causes
• See Section 11.20.4.
Unusually high drive gain
Several possible causes
• See Section 11.20.3.
Unusually low density reading
11.14 Checking slug flow
A slug flow alarm is posted whenever the measured process density is outside the configured slug
flow limits (i.e., density is higher or lower than the configured normal range). Slug flow is typically
caused by gas in a liquid process or liquid in a gas process. See Section 8.7 for a discussion of slug
flow functionality.
134
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Troubleshooting
If slug flow occurs:
Check the process for cavitation, flashing, or leaks.
•
Change the sensor orientation.
•
Monitor density.
•
If desired, enter new slug flow limits (see Section 8.7).
•
-
Raising the low slug flow limit or lowering the high slug flow limit will increase the
possibility of slug flow conditions.
-
Lowering the low slug flow limit or raising the high slug flow limit will decrease the
possibility of slug flow conditions.
Compensation
•
If desired, increase slug duration (see Section 8.7).
Corrosion, erosion, or damage to the sensor tubes can affect process measurement. To check for these
conditions, perform the meter verification procedure, if available. See Chapter 10. If the meter
verification procedure is not available, perform a visual inspection, or perform a density calibration
and check for a shift in the K1 and K2 values. Contact Micro Motion customer service.
11.16 Checking the flow measurement configuration
Using an incorrect flow measurement unit can cause the transmitter to produce unexpected output
levels, with unpredictable effects on the process. Make sure that the configured flow measurement
unit is correct. Check the abbreviations; for example, g/min represents grams per minute, not gallons
per minute. See Section 6.3.
Measurement Performance
11.15 Checking the sensor tubes
11.17 Checking the characterization
If you discover that any of the characterization data are wrong, perform a complete characterization.
See Section 6.2.
Troubleshooting
A transmitter that is incorrectly characterized for its sensor might report inaccurate process variable
values. Both the K1 and Flow Cal (FCF) values must be appropriate for the sensor. If these values are
incorrect, the sensor may not drive correctly or may send inaccurate process data.
11.18 Checking the calibration
Improper calibration can cause the transmitter to report unexpected process variable values. If the
transmitter appears to be operating correctly but sends unexpected process variable values, an
improper calibration may be the cause.
Micro Motion calibrates every transmitter at the factory. Therefore, you should suspect improper
calibration only if the transmitter has been calibrated after it was shipped from the factory. Before
performing a calibration, consider meter validation or meter verification and select the appropriate
procedure (see Section 10.2). Contact Micro Motion customer service for assistance.
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
135
Troubleshooting
11.19 Restoring a working configuration
At times it may be easier to start from a known working configuration than to troubleshoot the
existing configuration. To do this, you can:
•
Restore a configuration file saved via ProLink II, if one is available. See Figure C-1.
•
Restore the factory configuration. To do this:
-
Using ProLink II, see Figure C-2. ProLink II v2.6 or higher is required.
-
Using a PROFIBUS host and the EDD, see Figure C-10.
-
Using PROFIBUS bus parameters, use the Diagnostic Block, Index 51 (see Table D-4).
Both of these actions will overwrite the existing configuration. Ensure that the existing configuration
is appropriately documented or saved.
11.20 Checking the test points
Some status alarms that indicate a sensor failure or overrange condition can be caused by problems
other than a failed sensor. You can diagnose sensor failure or overrange status alarms by checking the
flowmeter test points. The test points include left and right pickoff voltages, drive gain, and tube
frequency. These values describe the current operation of the sensor.
11.20.1
Obtaining the test points
To obtain the test point values:
•
With the display, configure the required test points as display variables. See Section 8.9.3.
•
With ProLink II:
a. Click ProLink > Diagnostic Information.
b. Observe or record the values displayed for Tube Frequency, Left Pickoff, Right Pickoff,
and Drive Gain.
•
With a PROFIBUS host with the EDD, use the Meter Diagnostics window in the Device menu
(see Figure C-7).
•
With PROFIBUS bus parameters, read Indices 32, 33, 35, and 36 in the Diagnostic block (see
Table D-4).
11.20.2
Evaluating the test points
Use the following guidelines to evaluate the test points:
136
•
If the drive gain is erratic, negative, or saturated, refer to Section 11.20.3.
•
If the value for the left or right pickoff does not equal the appropriate value from Table 11-4,
based on the sensor flow tube frequency, refer to Section 11.20.4.
•
If the values for the left and right pickoffs equal the appropriate values from Table 11-4, based
on the sensor flow tube frequency, record your troubleshooting data and contact the Micro
Motion customer service department.
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Troubleshooting
Table 11-4 Sensor pickoff values
Compensation
Sensor(1)
Pickoff value
®
ELITE CMF sensors
3.4 mV peak-to-peak per Hz based on sensor flow tube frequency
F025, F050, F100 sensors
3.4 mV peak-to-peak per Hz based on sensor flow tube frequency
F200 sensors
2.0 mV peak-to-peak per Hz based on sensor flow tube frequency
H025, H050, H100 sensors
3.4 mV peak-to-peak per Hz based on sensor flow tube frequency
H200 sensors
2.0 mV peak-to-peak per Hz based on sensor flow tube frequency
R025, R050, or R100 sensors
3.4 mV peak-to-peak per Hz based on sensor flow tube frequency
R200 sensors
2.0 mV peak-to-peak per Hz based on sensor flow tube frequency
T-Series sensors
0.5 mV peak-to-peak per Hz based on sensor flow tube frequency
CMF400 I.S. sensors
2.7 mV peak-to-peak per Hz based on sensor flow tube frequency
Measurement Performance
(1) If your sensor is not listed, contact Micro Motion.
11.20.3
Drive gain problems
Problems with drive gain can appear in several different forms:
•
Saturated or excessive (near 100%) drive gain
•
Erratic drive gain (e.g., rapid shifting from positive to negative)
•
Negative drive gain
See Table 11-5 for a list of possible problems and remedies.
Table 11-5 Drive gain problems, causes, and remedies
Cause
Possible remedy
• See Section 11.14.
Cavitation or flashing
• Increase inlet or back pressure at the sensor.
• If a pump is located upstream from the sensor, increase the distance
between the pump and sensor.
Plugged flow tube
• Purge the flow tubes.
Mechanical binding of sensor tubes
• Ensure sensor tubes are free to vibrate. Possible problems include:
- Pipe stress. Check for pipe stress and eliminate if present.
- Lateral tube shift due to hammer effect. If this is a possibility,
contact Micro Motion.
- Warped tubes caused by overpressurization. If this is a possibility,
contact Micro Motion.
Incorrect sensor type configured
• Verify sensor type configuration, then verify sensor characterization.
See Section 6.2.
Open drive or left pickoff sensor coil
• Contact Micro Motion.
Drive board or module failure, cracked flow tube,
or sensor imbalance
• Contact Micro Motion.
Low pickoff voltage
Defaults
11.20.4
Low pickoff voltage can be caused by several problems. See Table 11-6.
Configuration and Use Manual
Troubleshooting
Excessive slug flow
137
Troubleshooting
Table 11-6 Low pickoff voltage causes and remedies
Cause
Possible remedy
Slug flow
• See Section 11.14.
No tube vibration in sensor
• Check for plugging.
Moisture in the sensor electronics
• Eliminate the moisture in the sensor electronics.
Damaged sensor
• Ensure sensor is free to vibrate (no mechanical binding).
Possible problems include:
- Pipe stress. Check for pipe stress and eliminate if
present.
- Lateral tube shift due to hammer effect. If this is a
possibility, contact Micro Motion.
- Warped tubes caused by overpressurization. If this is a
possibility, contact Micro Motion.
• Test sensor circuitry. See Section 11.21.
• Contact Micro Motion.
11.21 Checking sensor circuitry
Problems with sensor circuitry can cause several alarms, including sensor failure and a variety of
out-of-range conditions. Testing involves:
•
Inspecting the cable that connects the transmitter to the sensor
•
Measuring the resistances of the sensor's pin pairs
•
Ensuring that the circuits are not shorted to each other or to the sensor case
Note: To check the sensor circuitry, you must remove the transmitter from the sensor. Before
performing this test, ensure that all other applicable diagnostics have been performed. Diagnostic
capabilities of the Model 2400S transmitter have been greatly enhanced, and may provide more useful
information than these tests.
1. Follow appropriate procedures to ensure that the process of checking the sensor circuitry does
not interfere with existing measurement and control loops.
2. Power down the transmitter.
3. If the transmitter is in a hazardous environment, wait five minutes.
4. Check the sensor cable and sensor connection:
a. Referring to Figure B-1, loosen the four captive transmitter housing cover screws and
remove the transmitter housing cover.
b. Loosen the two captive user interface screws.
c. Gently lift the user interface module, disengaging it from the connector on the transmitter.
d. Referring to Figure B-2, disconnect the PROFIBUS cable and the power wires.
e. Two captive screws (2.5 mm hex head) hold the transmitter in the housing. Loosen the
screws and gently lift the transmitter away from the housing. Allow the transmitter to hang
temporarily.
f.
Ensure that the cable is fully plugged in and making a good connection. If it was not,
reseat the cable, reassemble the transmitter and sensor, and check operation.
g. If the problem is not resolved, unplug the cable from the feedthrough by removing the
snap clip (see Figure 11-1), then pulling the connector away from the feedthrough. Set the
transmitter aside.
h. Check the cable for any signs of damage. If the cable is damaged, contact Micro Motion.
138
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Troubleshooting
Figure 11-1 Accessing the feedthrough pins
Compensation
Transmitter
(side view)
Sensor cable for
feedthrough connection
Measurement Performance
Feedthrough connector
Snap clip (assembled)
Pull tab to remove
Feedthrough pins
Note: In order to access all feedthrough pins, you may need to remove the clamp and rotate the
transmitter to a different position.
Troubleshooting
5. Using a digital multimeter (DMM), check the sensor internal resistances for each flowmeter
circuit. Table 11-7 defines the flowmeter circuits and the resistance range for each. Refer to
Figure 11-2 to identify the feedthrough pins. For each circuit, place the DMM leads on the pin
pairs and record the values.
In this test:
•
There should be no open circuits, i.e., no infinite resistance readings.
•
Nominal resistance values vary 40% per 100 °C. However, confirming an open or shorted
circuit is more important than any slight deviation from the resistance values shown here.
•
The LPO and RPO circuit readings should be the same or very close (± 10%).
•
The readings across pin pairs should be steady.
•
Actual resistance values depend on the sensor model and date of manufacture. Contact
Micro Motion for more detailed data.
Defaults
If a problem appears, or if any resistance is out of range, contact Micro Motion.
Configuration and Use Manual
139
Troubleshooting
Table 11-7 Nominal resistance ranges for flowmeter circuits
Circuit
Pin pairs
Nominal resistance range(1)
Drive
Drive + and –
8–1500 Ω
Left pickoff
Left pickoff + and –
16–1000 Ω
Right pickoff
Right pickoff + and –
16–1000 Ω
Flow tube temperature sensor
RTD + and RTD –
100 Ω at 0 °C + 0.38675 Ω / °C
• T-Series sensors
RTD – and composite RTD
300 Ω at 0 °C + 1.16025 Ω / °C
• CMF400 I.S. sensors
RTD – and fixed resistor
39.7–42.2 Ω
• F300 sensors
• H300 sensors
• F025A, F050A, F100A sensors
• CMFS sensors
RTD – and fixed resistor
44.3–46.4 Ω
• All other sensors
RTD – and LLC
0
LLC/RTD
(1) Actual resistance values depend on the sensor model and date of manufacture. Contact Micro Motion for more detailed data.
Figure 11-2 Feedthrough pins
Drive –
Drive +
RTD –
LLC / Composite RTD /
Fixed resistor(1)
RTD +
Left pickoff –
Left pickoff +
Right pickoff +
Right pickoff –
(1) Functions as fixed resistor for the following sensors: F300, H300, F025A, F050A, F100A, CMF400 I.S., CMFS. Functions
as composite RTD for T-Series sensors. For all other sensors, functions as lead length compensator (LLC).
140
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Troubleshooting
6. Using the DMM, check each pin as follows:
Compensation
a. Check between the pin and the sensor case.
b. Check between the pin and other pins as described below:
Drive + against all other pins except Drive –
•
Drive – against all other pins except Drive +
•
Left pickoff + against all other pins except Left pickoff –
•
Left pickoff – against all other pins except Left pickoff +
•
Right pickoff + against all other pins except Right pickoff –
•
Right pickoff – against all other pins except Right pickoff +
•
RTD + against all other pins except RTD – and LLC/RTD
•
RTD – against all other pins except RTD + and LLC/RTD
•
LLC/RTD against all other pins except RTD + and RTD –
With the DMM set to its highest range, there should be infinite resistance on each lead. If there
is any resistance at all, there is a short to case or a short between pins. See Table 11-8 for
possible causes and solutions. If the problem is not resolved, contact Micro Motion.
Table 11-8
Sensor and cable short to case causes and remedies
Cause
Possible remedy
Moisture inside the transmitter housing
• Make sure that the transmitter housing is dry and no corrosion is
present.
Liquid or moisture inside the sensor case
• Contact Micro Motion.
Internally shorted feedthrough (sealed passage
for wiring from sensor to transmitter)
• Contact Micro Motion.
1. Follow appropriate procedures to ensure that reconnecting the transmitter does not interfere
with existing measurement and control loops.
2. Reach inside the transmitter housing and install the transmitter’s sensor connection onto the
feedthrough:
Troubleshooting
To return to normal operation:
Measurement Performance
•
a. Rotate the connector until it engages the pins.
b. Push down until the connector shoulder is flush with the feedthrough notch.
c. Replace the snap clip by sliding the clip tab over the connector shoulder (see the
instruction label on the component).
3. Replace the transmitter in the transmitter housing, and tighten the screws.
4. Reconnect the power wires, lower the Warning flap, and tighten the Warning flap screw.
5. Reconnect the PROFIBUS cable to the PROFIBUS terminals on the transmitter.
7. Tighten the user interface screws.
8. Replace the transmitter housing cover on the user interface module, and tighten the screws.
9. Power up the transmitter.
Configuration and Use Manual
141
Defaults
6. Plug the user interface module onto the transmitter. There are four possible positions; select
the position that is most convenient.
142
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
A.1
Compensation
Appendix A
Default Values and Ranges
Overview
This appendix provides information on the default values for most transmitter parameters. Where
appropriate, valid ranges are also defined.
A.2
Most frequently used defaults and ranges
The table below contains the default values and ranges for the most frequently used transmitter
settings.
Table A-1
Transmitter default values and ranges
Default
Flow
Flow direction
Forward
Flow damping
0.64 sec
Flow calibration factor
1.00005.13
Mass flow units
g/s
Mass flow cutoff
0.0 g/s
Volume flow type
Liquid volume
Volume flow units
L/s
Volume flow cutoff
0/0 L/s
Mass factor
1.00000
Density factor
1.00000
Volume factor
1.00000
Meter factors
Configuration and Use Manual
Range
Comments
0.0–40.96 sec
User-entered value is
corrected to nearest lower
value in list of preset values.
For gas applications, Micro
Motion recommends a
minimum value of 2.56.
For T-Series sensors, this
value represents the FCF and
FT factors concatenated. See
Section 6.2.2.
Recommended setting:
• Standard use – 0.2% of the
sensor’s rated maximum
flowrate
• Empty-full-empty batching –
2.5% of the sensor’s
maximum flowrate
0.0–x L/s
x is obtained by multiplying
the flow calibration factor by
0.2, using units of L/s.
143
Defaults
Setting
Troubleshooting
Type
Measurement Performance
These default values represent the transmitter configuration after a master reset. Depending on how
the transmitter was ordered, certain values may have been configured at the factory.
Default Values and Ranges
Table A-1
Transmitter default values and ranges continued
Type
Setting
Default
Range
Comments
Density
Density damping
1.28 sec
0.0–40.96 sec
User-entered value is
corrected to nearest value in
list of preset values.
Density units
g/cm3
Density cutoff
0.2 g/cm3
D1
0.00000
D2
1.00000
K1
1000.00
K2
50,000.00
FD
0.00000
Temp Coefficient
4.44
Slug flow low limit
0.0 g/cm3
0.0–10.0 g/cm3
Slug flow high limit
5.0 g/cm3
0.0–10.0 g/cm3
Slug duration
0.0 sec
0.0–60.0 sec
Temperature damping
4.8 sec
0.0–38.4 sec
Temperature units
Deg C
Slug flow
Temperature
0.0–0.5 g/cm3
User-entered value is
corrected to nearest lower
value in list of preset values.
Temperature calibration factor 1.00000T0.0000
Pressure
T-Series sensor
Events 1–5
144
Pressure units
PSI
Flow factor
0.00000
Density factor
0.00000
Cal pressure
0.00000
D3
0.00000
D4
0.00000
K3
0.00000
K4
0.00000
FTG
0.00000
FFQ
0.00000
DTG
0.00000
DFQ1
0.00000
DFQ2
0.00000
Type
Low
Variable
Density
Setpoint
0.0
Setpoint units
g/cm3
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Default Values and Ranges
Table A-1
Transmitter default values and ranges continued
Setting
Default
Display
Backlight on/off
On
Backlight intensity
63
0–63
Update period
200 milliseconds
100–10,000
milliseconds
Mass flow rate
Variable 2
Mass total
Variable 3
Volume flow rate
Variable 4
Volume total
Variable 5
Density
Variable 6
Temperature
Variable 7
Drive gain
Variable 8–15
None
Display totalizer start/stop
Disabled
Display totalizer reset
Disabled
Display auto scroll
Disabled
Display offline menu
Enabled
Display offline password
Disabled
Display alarm menu
Enabled
Display acknowledge all
alarms
Enabled
Offline password
1234
Auto scroll rate
10 sec
Comments
Measurement Performance
PROFIBUS-DP node address 126
IrDA port enabled/disabled
Disabled
IrDA port write-protect
Read-only
Modbus address
1
Modbus ASCII support
Enabled
Floating-point byte order
3–4 1–2
Fault action
None
Fault timeout
0 seconds
Troubleshooting
Digital
communications
Variable 1
Range
Compensation
Type
0.0–60.0 sec
Defaults
Configuration and Use Manual
145
146
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
B.1
Diagrams
Appendix B
Transmitter Components
Overview
This appendix provides illustrations of transmitter components and wiring, for use in troubleshooting.
For detailed information on installation and wiring procedures, see the transmitter installation manual.
B.2
Transmitter components
Figure B-1
Menus
The Model 2400S DP transmitter is mounted on a sensor. Figure B-1 provides an exploded view of
the Model 2400S DP transmitter and its components.
Model 2400S DP transmitter – Exploded view
User interface module
Transmitter housing cover
Bus Parameters
Sensor connection
Transmitter housing cover screws
(×4)
Snap clip
Transmitter housing
Transmitter
Conduit openings
Clamp
Feedthrough
Display Codes
Transmitter rotation slots
Configuration and Use Manual
147
Transmitter Components
B.3
Terminals and connectors
Figure B-2 shows the terminals and connectors that are beneath the user interface module:
•
To access the PROFIBUS connector, you must remove the transmitter housing cover and the
user interface module.
•
To access the power supply terminals or the grounding screw, you must remove the transmitter
housing cover and the user interface module, loosen the Warning flap screw, and open the
Warning flap.
For detailed instructions, see the manual entitled Micro Motion Model 2400S Transmitters:
Installation Manual.
Figure B-2
Terminals
Warning flap closed
Warning flap open
+ (L)
User interface module
connector
– (N)
Warning flap
PROFIBUS terminals
148
Warning flap screw
Transmitter internal
grounding screw
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
C.1
Diagrams
Appendix C
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Overview
This appendix provides the following menu flowcharts for the Model 2400S DP transmitter:
•
•
-
Main menu – see Figure C-1
-
Configuration menu – see Figures C-2 and C-3
EDD menus
-
Main menu – see Figure C-4
-
View menu – see Figure C-5
-
Device menu – see Figures C-6 and C-7
-
Configuration menu – see Figures C-8 through C-11
-
Specialist menu – see Figure C-12
Menus
•
ProLink II menus
Display menus
Off-line menu: Top level – see Figure C-13
-
Off-line maintenance: Version information – see Figure C-14
-
Off-line maintenance: Configuration – see Figure C-15
-
Off-line maintenance: Zero – see Figure C-16
-
Off-line maintenance: Meter verification – see Figure C-17
Bus Parameters
-
For information on the codes and abbreviations used on the display, see Appendix E.
For meter verification and calibration procedures, see Chapter 10.
C.2
Version information
These menu flowcharts are based on:
•
Transmitter software v1.10
•
ProLink II v2.5
•
EDD rev1
Menus may vary slightly for different versions of these components.
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
149
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
C.3
ProLink II menu flowcharts
Figure C-1
ProLink II main menu
File
Load from Xmtr to File
Save to Xmtr from File
View
Connection
Connect to Device
Disconnect
Tools
Meter Verification
Plug-ins
Data Logging(1)
Options
· ProLink II Language
· Error Log On
License
Preferences
· Use External Temperature
· Enable Inventory Totals Reset
· Enable External Pressure Compensation
· Copper RTD
Installed options
(1) For information about using the data logging
function, see the ProLink II manual.
(2) Available only if the enhanced density application
is installed.
(3) Available only if the petroleum measurement
application is installed.
150
ProLink
Configuration
Process Variables
Status
Alarm Log
Diagnostic Information
Calibration
Test
ED Totalizer Control(2)
Totalizer Control
Core Processor Diagnostics
API Process Variables(3)
ED Process Variables(2)
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-2
ProLink II configuration menu
Diagrams
ProLink >
Configuration
Flow
Density
Temperature
Pressure
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Flow direction
Flow damp
Flow cal
Mass flow cutoff
Mass flow units
Vol flow cutoff(1)
Vol flow units(1)
Vol flow type
Std gas vol flow cutoff(2)
Std gas vol flow units (2)
Std gas density (2)
Gas wizard (2)
Density units
Density damping
Slug high limit
Slug low limit
Slug duration
Low density cutoff
K1
K2
FD
D1
D2
Temp coeff (DT)
Temp units
Temp cal factor
Temp damping
External temperature
Flow factor
Dens factor
Cal pressure
Pressure units
External pressure
continued
Menus
· Mass factor
· Dens factor
· Vol factor
Sensor
Sensor Limits (3)
T Series
Device
·
·
·
·
·
Mass flow
· Lower sensor limit
· Upper sensor limit
· Min span
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Sensor s/n
Sensor model num
Sensor matl
Liner matl
Flange
Volume flow
· Lower sensor limit
· Upper sensor limit
· Min span
Temperature
· Lower sensor limit
· Upper sensor limit
· Min span
Tag
Date
Descriptor
Message
Floating pt ordering
Add comm resp delay
Transmitter serial #
Digital comm settings
· Fault setting
· Modbus address
· Disable Modbus ASCII
· Enable IrDA comm
· Enable write protect IrDA
port
Bus Parameters
Density
· Lower sensor limit
· Upper sensor limit
· Min span
FTG
FFQ
DTG
DFQ1
DFQ2
K3
D3
D4
K4
I&M functions (4)
· Tag
· Tag location
Last measured value timeout
Restore factory configuration (4)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Displayed only if Vol Flow Type is set to Liquid Volume.
Displayed only if Vol Flow Type is set to Standard Gas Volume.
All values on this panel are read-only, and are displayed only for informational purposes.
Requires ProLink II v2.6 or later.
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
151
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-3
ProLink II configuration menu continued
ProLink >
Configuration
Display
Discrete events
Alarm
Sensor simulation
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
· Alarm
· Severity
Enable simulation mode
Var1
Var2
…
Var 15
Event name
Event type
Process variable
Low setpoint
High setpoint
Display precision
· Var
· Number of decimals
Discrete input(1)
Display options
· Display start/stop totalizers
· Display totalizer reset
· Display auto scroll
· Display offline menu
· Display offline password
· Display alarm menu
· Display ack all alarms
· Display back light on/off
·
·
·
·
Mass flow
· Wave form
· Fixed value
· Period
· Minimum
· Maximum
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Offline password
Auto scroll rate
Update period
Backlight intensity
Start sensor zero
Reset mass total
Reset volume total
Reset all totals
Start/stop all totalization
Reset gas standard volume total
Reset API reference volume total
Reset ED reference volume total
Reset ED net mass total
Reset ED net volume total
Increment current ED curve
Density
· Wave form
· Fixed value
· Period
· Minimum
· Maximum
Temperature
· Fixed value
· Period
· Minimum
· Maximum
· Display language
API setup (2)
ED setup(3)
ED curve(3)
· Table type
· Units
Global config
· Active curve
· Derived variable
· Lock/unlock ED curves
Process fluid density at specified temperature
and concentration
· Curve being configured
· Curve fit max order
· Temperature isotherms
· Concentration
Curve specific config
· Curve configured
· Curve name
· Reference temperature
· Water reference temperature
· Water reference density
· Trim slope
· Trim offset
Curve fit results
· Accuracy
Process fluid density at reference temperature
and specified concentration
· Reference temperature
· Concentration
Extrapolation
· Alarm limit
· Enable density low
· Enable density high
· Enable temperature low
· Enable temperature high
Concentration
· Units
· Special unit string
(1) Used to assign events to actions, even though the Model 2400S DP transmitter does not provide a discrete input.
(2) Available only if the petroleum measurement application is installed.
(3) Available only if the enhanced density application is installed.
152
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
C.4
EDD menu flowcharts
If you connect as a Specialist user, all EDD menus are available.
Figure C-4
Diagrams
If you connect as a Maintenance user, the I&M functions menu (see Figure C-12) is not available. All
other EDD menus are available.
EDD – Main menu
Main Menu >
Maintenance
Device
· Set address
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Process variables
Totalizers
Alarm status
Meter diagnostics
Zero Cal
Density Cal
Discrete Events
GSV Process Variables(1)
Core Processor Diagnostics
API Process Variables(2)
ED Process Variables(3)
ED Totals(3)
Meter Verification
View > Display
· Process Variables
· Totals
· Alarm Status
MMI Coriolis Flow
·
·
·
·
Configuration Parameters
Offline Diagnostic Info
API setup parameters
ED Setup Data
Menus
Figure C-5
Device > Device
(1) Available only if gas standard volume measurement is
enabled.
(2) Available only if the petroleum measurement
application is installed.
(3) Available only if the enhanced density application is
installed.
EDD – View menu
Process Variables
· Mass total
· Mass inventory
· Mass total and mass inventory unit
· Volume total(1)
· Volume inventory(1)
· Volume total and inventory unit(1)
Alarm Status
· Alarm one status, bits 1–8
· Alarm two status, bits 1–8
· Alarm three status, bits 1–8
· Alarm four status, bits 1–8
· Alarm five status, bits 1–8
· Alarm six status, bits 1–8
· Alarm seven status, bits 1–8
· Alarm eight status, bits 1–8
· Acknowledge all alarms
· Acknowledge alarm
· Reset alarm history
Display Codes
· Mass flow
· Mass flow units
· Volume flow(1)
· Volume flow units
· Density
· Density units
· Temperature
· Temp units
· External pressure input
· Pressure unit
Totals
Bus Parameters
Main Menu >
Maintenance >
View > Display
(1) Liquid volume only.
Configuration and Use Manual
153
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-6
EDD – Device menu
Device >
Device
continued
Process Variables
Totalizers
GSV Process Variables(2)
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Mass flow
Mass flow units
Volume flow(1)
Volume flow units(1)
Density
Density units
Temperature
Temperature units
External pressure input
Pressure units
Start/stop all totals
Reset all totals
Reset all inventories
Mass total
Mass inventory
Mass total and mass inventory unit
Reset mass total
Reset mass inventory
Volume total
Volume inventory
Volume total and volume inventory unit
Reset volume total
Reset volume inventory
Gas Std volume flow rate
Gas Std volume flow total
Gas Std volume flow inventory
Gas Std volume flow unit
Gas Std volume total and inventory units
Reset gas std volume total
Reset gas std volume inventory
API Process Variables(3)
ED Process Variables(4)
ED Totals(4)
API volume at reference temperature
· Reference temperature
· Vol flow at ref temp
· Vol total at ref temp
· Vol inventory at ref temp
Volume at reference temp
· Volume flow rate at ref temp
· Volume total at ref temp
Volume at reference temp
· Volume flow rate at ref temp
· Volume total at ref temp
· Volume inventory at ref temp
· Reset volume total at ref temp
· Reset volume inventory at ref temp
API batch weighted average
· Average observed density
· Average observed temperature
Net mass
· Net mass flow rate
· Net mass total
· Net mass inventory
Net mass
· Net mass flow rate
· Net mass total
· Net mass inventory
· Reset net mass total
· Reset net mass inventory
Net volume
· Net volume flow rate
· Net volume total
· Net volume inventory
API other
· Reference temperature
· API CTL
· Density at ref temp
Other
· Density at ref temp
· Density in fixed SG units
Reset API volume total
Reset API volume inventory
Concentration
· Density in fixed Baume units
Net volume
· Net volume flow rate
· Net volume total
· Net volume inventory
· Reset net volume total
· Reset net volume inventory
Discrete Events
Alarm Status
Concentration
· Discrete event status
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
· Concentration
· Curve n concentration units
Alarm one, bits 1–8
Alarm two, bits 1–8
Alarm three, bits 1–8
Alarm four, bits 1–8
Alarm five, bits 1–8
Alarm six, bits 1–8
Alarm seven, bits 1–8
Alarm eight, bits 1–8
· Acknowledge all alarms
· Acknowledge alarm
· Reset alarm history
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
154
Liquid volume only.
Available only if gas standard volume is enabled.
Available only if the petroleum measurement application is installed.
Available only if the enhanced density application is installed.
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-7
EDD – Device menu continued
Diagrams
Device >
Device
Meter Diagnostics
Core Processor Diagnostics
Meter Verification
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Meter verification setup
· Enable meter verification
· Output state
· Stiffness limit set point
Drive gain
Tube frequency
Live zero
Left pickoff voltage
Right pickoff voltage
Density Calibration
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Mass flow
Mass flow unit
Perform auto zero
Restore factory zero
Zero time
Flow signal offset at zero flow
Standard deviation
Manual zero
Zero failed value
· Mass flow
· Mass flow unit
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Alarm one status, bits 1–8
Alarm two status, bits 1–8
Alarm three status, bits 1–8
Alarm four status, bits 1–8
Alarm five status, bits 1–8
Alarm six status, bits 1–8
Alarm seven status, bits 1–8
Alarm eight status, bits 1–8
· D1
· Do density cal-Point 1
· D2
· Do density cal-Point 2
· FD value
· Do density cal-Flowing
density
· D3 (T-Series only)
· Do density cal-Point 3
· D4 (T-Series only)
· Do density cal-Point 4
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Meter verification data set selection
· Current data means >
· Stiffness LPO
· Stiffness RPO
· Damping
· Mass LPO
· Mass RPO
· Current data standard deviation >
· Stiffness LPO
· Stiffness RPO
· Damping
· Mass LPO
· Mass RPO
· Factory cal air means >
· Stiffness LPO
· Stiffness RPO
· Damping
· Mass LPO
· Mass RPO
· Factory cal water means >
· Stiffness LPO
· Stiffness RPO
· Damping
· Mass LPO
· Mass RPO
Bus Parameters
Zero Calibration
Meter verification parameters
· Algorithm state
· Abort code
· State at abort
· LPO stiffness out of limits
· RPO stiffness out of limits
· Progress (% complete)
Menus
Temperature unit
Board temperature
Maximum electronics temperature
Minimum electronics temperature
Average electronics temperature
Maximum sensor temperature
Minimum sensor temperature
Average sensor temperature
Drive current
RTD cable resistance
Line RTD resistance
Case RTD resistance
Power cycles
Power on time
Input voltage
Actual target amplitude
Alarm one status, bits 1–8
Alarm two status, bits 1–8
Alarm three status, bits 1–8
Alarm four status, bits 1–8
Alarm five status, bits 1–8
Alarm six status, bits 1–8
Alarm seven status, bits 1–8
Alarm eight status, bits 1–8
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
155
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-8
EDD – Configuration menu
MMI Coriolis Flow DP >
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Configuration Parameters
Flow
· GSV
> Configuration Parameters
Discrete event parameters
>> Flow
Flow direction
Flow damping
Flow calibration factor
Mass flow units
Mass flow cutoff
Volume flow units(1)
Volume flow cutoff(1)
Mass factor
Density factor
Volume factor
Flow temperature coefficient
Discrete event action code and
assignment
>>> GSV parameters
Enable gas std volume flow and total
Alarm
· Alarm status parameters
· Alarm history parameters
>>>> GSV process variables(2)
Gas std density
Gas std volume flow units
Gas std volume total and inventory units
Gas std volume flow cutoff
Temperature
· External temperatuare
Density
· T-Series
Pressure
· Pressure configuration values
· Pressure compensation values
Device
· Transmitter options
· Digital comm settings
Sensor
Sensor limits
· Mass flow
· Volume flow
· Density
· Temperature
Display
· Display options
· Display parameters
· Display precision
· Display language
Offline diagnostic info
(1) Liquid volume only.
(2) Available only if gas standard volume is
enabled.
>> Temperature
Temperature units
Temperature damping
Temperature calibration offset
Temperature calibration slope
>>> External temperature
External temperature input
Enable external temp for API or ED
>> Density
Density units
Density damping
Slug low limit
Slug high limit
Slug duration
Low density cutoff
K1
K2
FD
D1
D2
DTC
FD value
>> T-Series
FTG
FFQ
DTG
DFQ1
DFQ2
K3
D3
K4
D4
...
156
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-9
EDD – Configuration menu continued
Diagrams
MMI Coriolis Flow DP >
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Configuration Parameters
Flow
· GSV
> Configuration Parameters
…
Temperature
· External temperatuare
>> Pressure
>>> Pressure configuration values
Enable pressure compensation
Pressure unit
External pressure input
Density
· T-Series
Pressure
· Pressure configuration values
· Pressure compensation values
>>> Pressure compensation values
Flow factor
Density factor
Calibration pressure
Discrete event parameters
Discrete event action code and
assignment
Device
· Transmitter options
· Digital comm settings
Sensor
Sensor limits
· Mass flow
· Volume flow
· Density
· Temperature
Offline diagnostic info
>> Discrete event action code and assignment
Discrete event action code
Discrete event assignment
>> Alarm
Fault action
Last measured value fault timeout
>>> Alarm status parameters
Alarm n index
Alarm n severity
Alarm n status
Alarm n count
Alarm n last posted
Alarm n last cleared
Bus Parameters
Display
· Display options
· Display parameters
· Display precision
· Display language
Menus
Alarm
· Alarm status parameters
· Alarm history parameters
>> Discrete event parameters
Discrete event index
Discrete event type
Low setpoint (A)
High setpoint (B)
Discrete event process variable code
>>> Alarm history parameters
Alarm log history index
Alarm n number
Alarm n status change
Alarm n time stamp of status change
...
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
157
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-10 EDD – Configuration menu continued
MMI Coriolis Flow DP >
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Configuration Parameters
Flow
· GSV
Temperature
· External temperatuare
Density
· T-Series
Pressure
· Pressure configuration values
· Pressure compensation values
Discrete event parameters
Discrete event action code and
assignment
Alarm
· Alarm status parameters
· Alarm history parameters
Device
· Transmitter options
· Digital comm settings
Sensor
Sensor limits
· Mass flow
· Volume flow
· Density
· Temperature
Display
· Display options
· Display parameters
· Display precision
· Display language
Offline diagnostic info
> Configuration Parameters
…
>> Device
ETO
Transmitter serial #
Software rev
Board rev
>>> Transmitter options
Enabled features
>>> Digital comm settings
Enable IrDA communication
Enable write protect IrDA port
>> Sensor
Sensor serial number
Sensor model
Sensor type code
Sensor material
Sensor liner
Flange type
>> Sensor limits
>>> Mass flow
Lower sensor limit
Upper sensor limit
Minimum span
>>> Volume flow
Lower sensor limit
Upper sensor limit
Minimum span
>>> Density
Lower sensor limit
Upper sensor limit
Minimum span
>>> Temperature
Lower sensor limit
Upper sensor limit
Minimum span
>> Display
>>> Display options
Display totalizer reset
Display start/stop totalizers
Display auto scroll
Display offline menu
Display offline password
Display backlight on/off
Display alarm menu
Display ack all alarms
>>> Display parameters
Display offline password
Display auto scroll rate
Display update period
Display backlight intensity
Display variable 1–15
>>>> Display precision
LDO process variable
Number of decimals
>>>> Display language
Display language selection
>> Offline diagnostic info
Restore factory configuration
Reset power on time
158
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-11 EDD – Configuration menu: API setup and ED setup
Flow
Temperature
Density
Pressure
Discrete event parameters
Discrete event action code and
assignment
Alarm
Device
> Configuration
...
>> API setup parameters(1)
API reference temperature
API thermal expansion coefficient
API2540 CTL table type
>> ED setup data(2)
>>> ED global configuration
Active calculation curve
Derived variable
Lock/unlock ED curves
Reset all curve information
>>> ED curve specific config
Curve configured
Curve n name
Curve n long name
Curve n reference temperature
Curve n water reference temperature
Curve n water reference density
Curve n trim slope
Curve n trim offset
Menus
Sensor
Diagrams
MMI Coriolis Flow DP >
MMI Coriolis Flow >
Configuration Parameters
Sensor limits
Display
Offline diagnostic info
API setup parameters(1)
ED setup data(2)
· ED global configuration
· ED curve specific configuration
· Extrapolation
· Concentration
· ED curve data
· Curve fit results
· Maximum curve fit order
>>>> ED concentration
Curve n concentration units
>>> ED curve data
Curve temperature isotherm index (X-axis)
Curve concentration index (Y-axis)
Curve n (6*5) temp isotherm X Value (X-axis)
Curve n (6*5) density @ temp isotherm X, concentration Y
Curve n (6*5) coeff @ temp isotherm X, concentration Y
Curve n (6*5) concentration Y value (label for Y-axis)
Curve n (5*1) density @ concentration Y (at ref. temp.)
Curve n (5*1) coeff @ concentration Y (at ref. temp.)
Curve n (5*1) concentration Y value (Y-axis)
Bus Parameters
(1) Available only if the petroleum
measurement application is installed.
(2) Available only if the enhanced density
application is installed.
>>>> ED extrapolation
Curve n alarm limit
Enable density low
Enable density high
Enable temperature low
Enable temperature high
>>>> Curve fit results
Curve n fit results
Curve n curve fit expected accuracy
>>>> Maximum curve fit order
Maximum fit order for 5*5 curve
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
159
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-12 EDD Specialist menu – Identification
Main Menu >
Specialist >
Identification
Operation Unit
Device
· Tag
· Tag location
C.5
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Profile ID
Manufacturer
Available I&M records
Order number
Serial number
Hardware revision
Software revision
I&M version
Revision counter
Display menu flowcharts
Figure C-13 Display menu – Off-line menu, top level
Scroll and Select simultaneously
for 4 seconds
SEE ALARM
Scroll
OFF-LINE MAINT
Scroll
EXIT
Select
VER
Scroll
CONFG
Scroll
ZERO
Scroll
SENSOR VERFY(1)
Scroll
EXIT
(1) This option is displayed only if the meter verification software is installed on the transmitter.
160
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-14 Display menu – Off-line maintenance – Version information
Diagrams
Scroll and Select simultaneously
for 4 seconds
Scroll
OFF-LINE MAINT
Select
Scroll
VER
Select
Yes
Version info
Menus
Scroll
Yes
ETO info(1)
(1) The option is displayed only if the corresponding
Engineering To Order (ETO) or application is
installed on the transmitter.
Scroll
API(1)
ENHANCED DENS(1)
Scroll
Bus Parameters
SENSOR VERFY(1)
Scroll
-0.75
EXIT
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
161
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-15 Display menu – Off-line maintenance – Configuration
Scroll and Select
simultaneously
for 4 seconds
Scroll
OFF-LINE MAINT
Select
Scroll
CONFG
Select
UNITS
Scroll
ACT
Scroll
MTR F
DSPLY
Scroll
Scroll
IRDA
Select
Select
Select
Select
Select
MASS
START ZERO
MASS
TOTALS RESET
COMM
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
(1)
VOL
RESET MASS
VOL
TOTALS STOP
WRITE
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
DENS
RESET VOL(1)
DENS
DISPLAY OFFLN
ASCII MBUS
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
EXIT
DISPLAY ALARM
ADDR MBUS
Scroll
Scroll
DISPLAY ACK
EXIT
TEMP
Scroll
PRESS
(2)
RESET TCORR
Scroll
(3)
RESET STD V
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
EXIT
RESET NET M(3)
AUTO SCRLL
Scroll
Scroll
(3)
Scroll
EXIT
SCROLL RATE(4)
RESET NET V
Scroll
Scroll
RESET ALL
OFF-LINE PASSW
Scroll
Scroll
START STOP
CHNG PASSW(5)
Scroll
Scroll
(3)
INCR CURVE
DISPLAY RATE
Scroll
Scroll
EXIT
DISPLAY BKLT
Scroll
DISPLAY LANG
Scroll
EXIT
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
162
Either Vol or GSV is displayed.
Displayed only if the petroleum measurement application is installed.
Displayed only if the enhanced density application is installed.
Displayed only if Auto Scroll is enabled.
Displayed only Off-Line Password is enabled.
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-16 Display menu – Off-line maintenance – Zero
Diagrams
Scroll and Select simultaneously
for 4 seconds
Scroll
OFF-LINE MAINT
Select
Scroll
ZERO
Select
CAL ZERO
Scroll
RESTORE ZERO
EXIT
Scroll
Menus
Select
Select
ZERO/YES?
Current zero display
No
Scroll
Yes
Select
Scroll
………………….
Factory zero display
Scroll
CAL FAIL
CAL PASS
RESTORE ZERO
Troubleshoot
Select
RESTORE EXIT
RESTORE ZERO/YES?
Bus Parameters
Scroll
Select
Yes
Scroll
Select
Select
No
Scroll
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
163
Menu Flowcharts – Model 2400S DP Transmitters
Figure C-17 Display menu – Off-line maintenance – Meter verification
Scroll and Select simultaneously
for 4 seconds
Scroll
OFF-LINE MAINT
Select
Scroll
SENSOR VERFY
OFF-LINE EXIT
Scroll
Select
OUTPUTS
(1) Either Unstable Flow or Unstable Drive Gain may be
displayed, indicating that the standard deviation of the
flow or drive gain is outside limits. Check the process
and retry the procedure.
(2) Represents the percentage completion of the
procedure.
Scroll
Select
SENSOR EXIT
FAULT
Scroll
Select
Scroll
LAST VALUE
STOP MSMT/YES?
Select
No
Yes
Select
Scroll
UNSTABLE FLOW(1)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . x%(2)
Scroll
Select
PASS
CAUTION
ABORT
Scroll
Scroll
Scroll
ABORT/YES?
No
Scroll
Yes
Select
RERUN/YES?
No
Scroll
164
Yes
Select
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
D.1
Diagrams
Appendix D
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Overview
This appendix documents the bus parameters that are included in the PROFIBUS blocks. The
following blocks are documented:
Measurement block (Slot 1) – see Table D-2
•
Calibration block (Slot 2) – see Table D-3
•
Diagnostic block (Slot 3) – see Table D-4
•
Device information block (Slot 4) – see Table D-5
•
Local display block (Slot 5) – see Table D-6
•
API block (Slot 6) – see Table D-7
•
Enhanced density block (Slot 7) – see Table D-8
•
I&M functions block (Slot 0) – see Table D-9
Menus
•
The following codes are documented:
•
Totalizer and inventory measurement unit codes – see Tables D-10 through D-12
•
Process variable codes – see Table D-13
•
Alarm index codes – see Table D-14
For each block, all parameters contained in the block are listed. For each parameter, the following are
documented:
•
Index – the index of the parameter within the block
•
Name – the name used for this parameter in the code
•
Data type – the data type of the parameter (see Section D.2)
•
Memory class – the class of memory required by the parameter, and the update rate (in Hz) if
applicable:
•
-
D = dynamic store (cyclic data – parameter updated periodically)
-
S = static store (acyclic data – parameter changed on a deliberate write)
-
N = nonvolatile parameter (retained across power cycles)
Bus Parameters
Note: For measurement unit codes used for process variables, see Section 6.3.
Access
R = Read-only
-
R/W = Read/write
Configuration and Use Manual
Display Codes
-
165
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
D.2
PROFIBUS-DP data types and data type codes
Table D-1 documents the data types and data type codes used with the PROFIBUS bus parameters.
Table D-1
PROFIBUS-DP data types
Data type
Size (bytes)
Description
Range
Code
Boolean
1
True/false
• 0 = False
• 1 = True
BOOL
Integer8
1
8-bit signed integer value
–128 to +127
INT8
Unsigned8
1
8-bit unsigned integer value
0 to 255
USINT8
Integer16
2
16-bit signed integer value
–32768 to +32767
INT16
Unsigned16
2
16-bit unsigned integer value
0 to 65535
USINT16
Integer32
4
32-bit signed integer value
–2147483648 to +2147483647
INT32
Unsigned32
4
32-bit unsigned integer
0 to 4294967296
USINT32
FLOAT
4
An IEEE single precision
floating point number
–3.8E38 to +3.8E38
FLOAT
OCTET STRING
Up to 128 bytes
A character array of ASCII
characters
N/A
STRING
BIT_ENUMERATED
Up to 128 bytes
An enumerated value where
each bit represents a different
enumeration
N/A
B_ENUM
D.3
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Table D-2
Measurement block (Slot 1)
Index
Name
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Comments
4
SNS_MassFlow
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of mass flow process variable
5
SNS_MassFlowUnits
USINT16 S
R/W
Mass flow measurement unit
See Table 6-2 for codes
6
SNS_Temperature
FLOAT
R
Current value of temperature process variable
7
SNS_TemperatureUnits
USINT16 S
R/W
Temperature measurement unit
See Table 6-6 for codes
8
SNS_Density
FLOAT
R
Current value of density process variable
9
SNS_DensityUnits
USINT16 S
R/W
Density measurement unit
See Table 6-5 for codes
10
SNS_VolFlow
FLOAT
R
Current value of liquid volume flow process
variable
11
SNS_VolumeFlowUnits
USINT16 S
R/W
Liquid volume flow measurement unit
See Table 6-3 for codes
12
SNS_DampingFlowRate
FLOAT
S
R/W
Flow damping value
0.0 to 60.0 sec
13
SNS_DampingTemp
FLOAT
S
R/W
Temperature damping value
0.0 to 80.0 sec
14
SNS_DampingDensity
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density damping value
0.0 to 60.0 sec
15
SNS_MassMeterFactor
FLOAT
S
R/W
Mass flow meter factor
0.8 to 1.2
166
D (20 Hz)
D (20 Hz)
D (20 Hz)
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-2
Measurement block (Slot 1) continued
Memory
class
Access
Comments
16
SNS_DensMeterFactor
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density meter factor
0.8 to 1.2
17
SNS_VolMeterFactor
FLOAT
S
R/W
Volume flow meter factor
0.8 to 1.2
18
SNS_MassFlowCutoff
FLOAT
S
R/W
Mass flow cutoff
0 to sensor limit
19
SNS_VolumeFlowCutoff
FLOAT
S
R/W
Volume flow cutoff
0 to sensor limit
20
SNS_LowDensityCutoff
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density cutoff
0.0 to 0.5
21
SNS_FlowDirection
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0 = Forward Only
• 1 = Reverse Only
• 2 = Bidirectional
• 3 = Absolute Value
• 4 = Negate/Forward Only
• 5 = Negate/ Bidirectional
22
SNS_StartStopTotals
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = Stop totalizers
• 0x0001 = Start totalizers
23
SNS_ResetAllTotal
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
24
SNS_ResetAll
Inventories
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
25
SNS_ResetMassTotal
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
26
SNS_ResetLineVolTotal
USINT16 ---
R/W
Liquid volume totalizer
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
27
SNS_MassTotal
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of mass total
28
SNS_VolTotal
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of liquid volume total
29
SNS_MassInventory
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of mass inventory
30
SNS_VolInventory
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of liquid volume inventory
31
SNS_MassTotalUnits
USINT16 S
R
Mass total/inventory measurement unit
See Table D-10 for codes
32
SNS_VolTotalUnits
S
R
Liquid volume total/inventory measurement
unit
See Table D-11 for codes
USINT16
Bus Parameters
Data
type
Menus
Name
Diagrams
Index
SNS_EnableGSV(1)
USINT16 S
R/W
Enable gas standard volume flow
measurement
• 0x0000 = disabled
• 0x0001 = enabled
34
SNS_GSV_GasDens
FLOAT
S
R/W
Standard density of the gas
35
SNS_GSV_VolFlow
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of gas standard volume flow
process variable
36
SNS_GSV_VolTot
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of gas standard volume total
37
SNS_GSV_VolInv
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of gas standard volume
inventory
38
SNS_GSV_FlowUnits
USINT16 S
R/W
Gas standard volume flow measurement unit
See Table 6-4 for codes
Configuration and Use Manual
167
Display Codes
33
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-2
Measurement block (Slot 1) continued
Index
Name
Data
type
39
SNS_GSV_TotalUnits
40
Memory
class
Access
Comments
USINT16 S
R
Gas standard volume total/inventory
measurement unit
See Table D-12 for codes
SNS_GSV_FlowCutoff
FLOAT
S
R/W
Gas standard volume flow cutoff
=> 0.0
41
SNS_ResetGSVolTotal
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
42
SNS_ResetAPIGSVInv
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
43
SNS_ResetMassInv
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
44
SNS_ResetVolInv
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
(1) If gas standard volume flow is enabled, liquid volume flow is disabled, and vice versa.
D.4
Calibration block (Slot 2)
Table D-3
Calibration block (Slot 2)
Index
Name
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
4
SNS_FlowCalGain
FLOAT
S
R/W
Flow calibration factor (6-character string)
5
SNS_FlowCalTemp
Coeff
FLOAT
S
R/W
Temperature coefficient for flow (4-character
string)
6
SNS_FlowZeroCal
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = Abort zero calibration
• 0x0001 = Start zero calibration
7
SNS_MaxZeroingTime
USINT16 S
R/W
Zero time
Range: 5–300 seconds
8
SNS_AutoZeroStdDev
FLOAT
S
R
Standard deviation of auto zero
9
SNS_AutoZeroValue
FLOAT
S
R/W
Present flow signal offset at zero flow, in µsec
10
SNS_FailedCal
FLOAT
S
R
Zero value if calibration fails
11
SNS_K1Cal
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = None
• 0x0001 = Start D1 Cal
12
SNS_K2Cal
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = None
• 0x0001 = Start D2 Cal
13
SNS_FdCal
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = None
• 0x0001 = Start FD Cal
14
SNS_TseriesD3Cal
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = None
• 0x0001 = Start D3 Cal
15
SNS_TseriesD4Cal
USINT16 ---
R/W
• 0x0000 = None
• 0x0001 = Start D4 Cal
16
SNS_K1
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density calibration constant 1 (µsec)
17
SNS_K2
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density calibration constant 2 (µsec)
18
SNS_FD
FLOAT
S
R/W
Flowing density calibration constant (µsec)
19
SNS_TseriesK3
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density calibration constant 3 (µsec)
20
SNS_TseriesK4
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density calibration constant 4 (µsec)
168
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-3
Calibration block (Slot 2) continued
Name
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
21
SNS_D1
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density of D1 calibration fluid
22
SNS_D2
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density of D2 calibration fluid
23
SNS_CalValForFD
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density of flowing density calibration fluid
24
SNS_TseriesD3
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density of D3 calibration fluid
25
SNS_TseriesD4
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density of D4 calibration fluid
26
SNS_DensityTempCoeff
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density temperature coefficient
27
SNS_TSeriesFlow
TGCO
FLOAT
S
R/W
T-Series FTG value
28
SNS_TSeriesFlow
FQCO
FLOAT
S
R/W
T-Series FFQ value
29
SNS_TSeriesDens
TGCO
FLOAT
S
R/W
T-Series DTG value
30
SNS_TSeriesDens
FQCO1
FLOAT
S
R/W
T-Series DFQ1 value
31
SNS_TSeriesDens
FQCO2
FLOAT
S
R/W
T-Series DFQ2 value
32
SNS_TempCalOffset
FLOAT
S
R/W
Temperature calibration offset
33
SNS_TempCalSlope
FLOAT
S
R/W
Temperature calibration slope
34
SNS_EnableExtTemp
USINT16 S
R/W
Use external temperature for API and ED:
• 0x0000 = Disabled
• 0x0001 = Enabled
35
SNS_ExternalTempInput FLOAT
S
R/W
External temperature value
36
SNS_EnablePresComp
Method
S
R/W
Pressure compensation:
• 0x0000 = Disabled
• 0x0001 = Enabled
37
SNS_ExternalPresInput
FLOAT
D (20)
R/W
Exernal pressure value
38
SNS_PressureUnits
USINT16 S
R/W
Pressure measurement unit
See Table 6-7 for codes
39
SNS_FlowPresComp
FLOAT
S
R/W
Pressure correction factor for flow
40
SNS_DensPresComp
FLOAT
S
R/W
Pressure correction factor for density
41
SNS_FlowCalPres
FLOAT
S
R/W
Flow calibration pressure
42
SNS_FlowZeroRestore
S
R/W
Restore factory zero:
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Restore
43
DB_SNS_AutoZero
Factory
S
R
Factory value for flow signal offset at zero flow,
in µsec
Diagrams
Index
Menus
Bus Parameters
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
169
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
D.5
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Table D-4
Diagnostic block (Slot 3)
Index
Name
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
1
SNS_SlugDuration
FLOAT
S
R/W
Slug duration
Unit: seconds
Range: 0 to 60 seconds
2
SNS_SlugLo
FLOAT
S
R/W
Slug low limit
Unit: g/cm3
Range: 0–10 g/cm3
3
SNS_SlugHi
FLOAT
S
R/W
Slug high limit
Unit: g/cm3
Range: 0–10 g/cm3
4
UNI_PCIndex
USINT16 S
R/W
Discrete event index
0, 1, 2, 3, 4
5
SNS_PC_Action
USINT16 S
R/W
Discrete event type
• 0 = Greater than Setpoint A
• 1 = Less than Setpoint A
• 2 = In Range (A=<x<=B)
• 3 = Out of Range (A>=x or B<=x)
6
SNS_PC_SetPointA
FLOAT
S
R/W
Value of Setpoint A
7
SNS_PC_SetPointB
FLOAT
S
R/W
Value of Setpoint B
8
SNS_PC_PVCode
USINT16 S
R/W
Discrete event process variable
See Table D-13 for codes
9
SNS_PC_Status
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R
Discrete event status
• 0x0001 = DE0 active
• 0x0002 = DE1 active
• 0x0004 = DE2 active
• 0x0008 = DE3 active
• 0x0010 = DE4 active
• Bits 5 to 15 undefined
10
SNS_StatusWords1
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R
• 0x0001 = Core EEPROM checksum error
• 0x0002 = Core RAM test error
• 0x0004 = Not Used
• 0x0008 = Sensor failure
• 0x0010 = Temperature out of range
• 0x0020 = Calibration failed
• 0x0040 = Other failure
• 0x0080 = Transmitter initializing
• 0x0100 = Not Used
• 0x0200 = Not Used
• 0x0400 = Simulation mode active (A132)
• 0x0800 = Not Used
• 0x1000 = Watchdog error
• 0x2000 = Not Used
• 0x4000 = Not Used
• 0x8000 = Fault
170
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-4
Diagnostic block (Slot 3) continued
11
SNS_StatusWords2
12
13
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R
• 0x0001 = Not Used
• 0x0002 = Not Used
• 0x0004 = Not Used
• 0x0008 = Not Used
• 0x0010 = Density out of range
• 0x0020 = Drive out of range
• 0x0040 = PIC\Daughterboard
communications failure
• 0x0080 = Not Used
• 0x0100 = Non-volatile memory error (CP)
• 0x0200 = RAM error (CP)
• 0x0400 = Sensor failure
• 0x0800 = Temperature out of range
• 0x1000 = Input out of range
• 0x2000 = Not used
• 0x4000 = Transmitter not characterized
• 0x8000 = Not Used
SNS_StatusWords3
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R
• 0x0001 = Not Used
• 0x0002 = Power reset
• 0x0004 = Transmitter initializing
• 0x0008 = Not Used
• 0x0010 = Not Used
• 0x0020 = Not Used
• 0x0040 = Not Used
• 0x0080 = Not Used
• 0x0100 = Calibration failed
• 0x0200 = Calibration failed: Low
• 0x0400 = Calibration failed: High
• 0x0800 = Calibration failed: Noisy
• 0x1000 = Transmitter failed
• 0x2000 = Data loss
• 0x4000 = Calibration in progress
• 0x8000 = Slug flow
SNS_StatusWords4
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R
• 0x0001 = API: Temperature out of range
• 0x0002 = API: Density out of range
• 0x0004 = Line RTD out of range
• 0x0008 = Meter RTD out of range
• 0x0010 = Reverse flow
• 0x0020 = Factory data error
• 0x0040 = ED: bad curve
• 0x0080 = LMV override
• 0x0100 = ED: Extrapolation error
• 0x0200 = Need calibration factor
• 0x0400 = Not Used
• 0x0800 = Not Used
• 0x1000= Transmitter not characterized
• 0x2000 = Non-volatile memory error (CP)
• 0x4000 = Non-volatile memory error (CP)
• 0x8000 = Non-volatile memory error (CP)
Bus Parameters
Data
type
Menus
Name
Diagrams
Index
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
171
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-4
Diagnostic block (Slot 3) continued
Index
Name
Data
type
14
SNS_StatusWords5
15
16
172
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R
• 0x0001 = Boot sector (CP)
• 0x0002 = Not Used
• 0x0004 = Not Used
• 0x0008 = Not Used
• 0x0010 = Not Used
• 0x0020 = Not Used
• 0x0040 = D3 calibration in progress
• 0x0080 = D4 calibration in progress
• 0x0100 = Not used
• 0x0200 = Not used
• 0x0400 = Temperature slope calibration in
progress
• 0x0800 = Temperature offset calibration in
progress
• 0x1000 = FD calibration in progress
• 0x2000 = D2 calibration in progress
• 0x4000 = D1 calibration in progress
• 0x8000 = Zero calibration in progress
SNS_StatusWords6
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R
• 0x0001 = Not Used
• 0x0002 = Not Used
• 0x0004 = Not Used
• 0x0008 = Not Used
• 0x0010 = Not Used
• 0x0020 = Not Used
• 0x0040 = Not Used
• 0x0080 = Not Used
• 0x0100 = DE0 active
• 0x0200 = DE1 active
• 0x0400 = DE2 active
• 0x0800 = DE3 active
• 0x1000 = DE4 active
• 0x2000 = Not Used
• 0x4000 = Not Used
• 0x8000 = Incorrect board type (A030)
SNS_StatusWords7
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R
• 0x0001 = K1/FCF combination unrecognized
• 0x0002 = Warming up
• 0x0004 = Low power (A031)
• 0x0008 = Tube not full (A033)
• 0x0010 = Meter verification / Outputs in fault
(A032)(1)
• 0x0020 = Meter verification / Outputs at last
value (A131)(1)
• 0x0040 = PIC UI EEPROM Error (A133)
• 0x0080 = Not Used
• 0x0100 = Not Used
• 0x0200 = Not Used
• 0x0400 = Not Used
• 0x0800 = Not Used
• 0x1000 = Not Used
• 0x2000 = Not Used
• 0x4000 = Meter verification failed (A034)
• 0x8000 = Meter verification aborted (A035)
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-4
Diagnostic block (Slot 3) continued
Index
Name
Data
type
17
SNS_StatusWords8
18
Memory
class
Definition/Code/Comments
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R
• 0x0001 = Not Used
• 0x0002 = Not Used
• 0x0004 = Not Used
• 0x0008 = Not Used
• 0x0010 = Not Used
• 0x0020 = Not Used
• 0x0040 = Not Used
• 0x0080 = Not Used
• 0x0100 = Not Used
• 0x0200 = Not Used
• 0x0400 = Not Used
• 0x0800 = Not Used
• 0x1000 = Not Used
• 0x2000 = Not Used
• 0x4000 = Not Used
• 0x8000 = Not Used
SYS_DigCommFault
ActionCode
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0 = Upscale
• 1 = Downscale
• 2 = Zero
• 3 = NAN
• 4 = Flow goes to zero
• 5 = None
19
DB_SYS_TimeoutValue
LMV
USINT16 S
R/W
Fault timeout value
Range: 0–60 seconds
20
UNI_Alarm_Index
USINT16 S
R/W
Alarm index used to configure or read alarm
severity, or to acknowledge alarms
See Table D-13 for alarm index codes
21
SYS_AlarmSeverity
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0 = Ignore
• 1 = Info
• 2 = Fault
22
SYS_AlarmStatus
B_ENUM D (20 Hz)
R/W
The status of the alarm identified by the alarm
index.
• 0x00 = Acked /Cleared
• 0x01 = Acked/Active
• 0x10 = Not Acked/Cleared
• 0x11 = Not Acked/Active
Write 0 to acknowledge alarm
23
SYS_AlarmCount
USINT16 S
R
The number of inactive-to-active transitions of
the alarm identified by the alarm index.
24
SYS_AlarmPosted
USINT32 S
R
The number of seconds since the last
power-on time reset (Index 52) that the alarm
identified by the alarm index was posted
25
SYS_AlarmCleared
USINT32 S
R
The number of seconds since the last
power-on time reset (Index 52) that the alarm
identified by the alarm index was cleared
26
UNI_AlarmHistoryIndex
USINT16 S
R/W
The entry in the alarm history log
Range: 0–49
27
SYS_AlarmNumber
USINT16 S
R
The alarm number that corresponds to the
alarm history entry identified by the alarm
history index
1 = A001, 2 = A002, etc.
28
SYS_AlarmEvent
USINT16 S
R
The alarm status change that corresponds to
the alarm history entry identified by the alarm
history index
• 1 = Posted
• 2 = Cleared
Menus
Display Codes
173
Bus Parameters
Configuration and Use Manual
Diagrams
Access
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-4
Diagnostic block (Slot 3) continued
Index
Name
Data
type
29
SYS_AlarmTime
30
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
USINT32 S
R
The timestamp of the alarm status change that
corresponds to the alarm history entry
identified by the alarm history index
Seconds since last power-on time reset
(Index 52)
SYS_AckAllAlarms
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = Not used
• 0x0001 = Acknowledge
31
SYS_ClearAlarmHistory
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = Not used
• 0x0001 = Reset
32
SNS_DriveGain
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The drive gain
%
33
SNS_RawTubeFreq
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The tube frequency
Unit: Hz
34
SNS_LiveZeroFlow
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The unfiltered value of mass flow
Unit: unit configured for mass flow
35
SNS_LPOamplitude
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The left pickoff voltage
Unit: volts
36
SNS_RPOamplitude
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The right pickoff voltage
Unit: volts
37
SNS_BoardTemp
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The temperature on the board
Unit: °C
38
SNS_MaxBoardTemp
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The maximum temperature of the electronics
Unit: °C
39
SNS_MinBoardTemp
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The minimum temperature of the electronics
Unit: °C
40
SNS_AveBoardTemp
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The average temperature of the electronics
Unit: °C
41
SNS_MaxSensorTemp
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The maximum temperature of the sensor
Unit: °C
42
SNS_MinSensorTemp
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The minimum temperature of the sensor
Unit: °C
43
SNS_AveSensorTemp
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The average temperature of the sensor
Unit: °C
44
SNS_WireRTDRes
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The resistance of the 9-wire cable
Unit: ohms
45
SNS_LineRTDRes
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
The resistance of the process line RTD
Unit: ohms
46
SYS_PowerCycleCount
USINT16 D
R
The number of transmitter power cycles
47
SYS_PowerOnTimeSec
USINT32 S
R
The cumulative amount of time the transmitter
has been on since the last reset
Unit: seconds since last reset
48
SNS_InputVoltage
FLOAT
S
R
Coriolis supply voltage (internal
measurement), ~12 VDC
Unit: volts
49
SNS_TargetAmplitude
FLOAT
S
R
The amplitude the transmitter is attempting to
drive the sensor
Unit: mV/HZ
50
SNS_CaseRTDRes
FLOAT
S
R
The resistance of the case (meter) RTD
Unit: ohms
174
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-4
Diagnostic block (Slot 3) continued
Name
51
SYS_RestoreFactory
Config
52
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Restore
SYS_ResetPowerOn
Time
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
53
FRF_EnableFCF
Validation
USINT16 S
R/W
Type of meter verification to perform
• 0x0000 = Disable
• 0x0001 = Normal
• 0x0002 = Factory verification of air
• 0x0003 = Factory verification of water
• 0x0004 = Debug
• 0x0006 = Continue measurement(2)
54
FRF_FaultAlarm
USINT16 D
R/W
The state of the outputs when the meter
verification routine is running
• 0 = Last value
• 1 = Fault
55
DB_FRF_StiffnessLimit
FLOAT
R/W
The setpoint of the stiffness limit. Represents
percentage
Unitless
56
FRF_AlgoState
USINT16 S
R
The current state of the meter verification
routine
1–18
57
FRF_AbortCode
USINT16 S
R
The reason the meter verification routine
aborted:
• 0 = No error
• 1 = Manual abort
• 2 = Watchdog timeout
• 3 = Frequency drift
• 4 = High peak drive voltage
• 5 = High drive current standard deviation
• 6 = High drive current mean value
• 7 = Drive loop reported error
• 8 = High delta T standard deviation
• 9 = High delta T value
• 10 = State running
58
FRF_StateAtAbort
USINT16 S
R
The state of the meter verification routine
when it aborted
1–18
59
DB_FRF_
StiffOutLimLpo
USINT16 D
R
Is the inlet stiffness out of limits?
• 0 = No
• 1 = Yes
60
DB_FRF_
StiffOutLimRpo
USINT16 D
R
Is the outlet stiffness out of limits?
• 0 = No
• 1 = Yes
61
FRF_Progress
USINT16 S
R
The progress of the meter verification routine
%
62
DB_FRF_StiffnessLpo_
Mean
FLOAT
S
R
The current inlet stiffness calculated as a
mean
63
DB_FRF_StiffnessRpo_
Mean
FLOAT
S
R
The current outlet stiffness calculated as a
mean
64
DB_FRF_Damping_
Mean
FLOAT
S
R
The current damping calculated as a mean
65
DB_FRF_MassLpo_
Mean
FLOAT
S
R
The current inlet mass calculated as a mean
Menus
Bus Parameters
175
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
S
Diagrams
Index
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-4
Diagnostic block (Slot 3) continued
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
DB_FRF_MassRpo_
Mean
FLOAT
S
R
The current outlet mass calculated as a mean
67
DB_FRF_StiffnessLpo
StdDev
FLOAT
S
R
The current inlet stiffness calculated as a
standard deviation
68
DB_FRF_StiffnessRpo_
StdDev
FLOAT
S
R
The current outlet stiffness calculated as a
standard deviation
69
DB_FRF_Damping_
StdDev
FLOAT
S
R
The current damping calculated as a standard
deviation
70
DB_FRF_MassLpo_
StdDev
FLOAT
S
R
The current inlet mass calculated as a
standard deviation
71
DB_FRF_MassRpo_
StdDev
FLOAT
S
R
The current outlet mass calculated as a
standard deviation
72
DB_FRF_StiffnessLpo_
AirCal
FLOAT
S
R
The inlet stiffness calculated as a mean during
factory calibration of air
73
DB_FRF_StiffnessRpo_
AirCal
FLOAT
S
R
The outlet stiffness calculated as a mean
during factory calibration of air
74
DB_FRF_Damping_
AirCal
FLOAT
S
R
The damping calculated as a mean during
factory calibration of air
75
DB_FRF_MassLpo_
AirCal
FLOAT
S
R
The inlet mass calculated as a mean during
factory calibration of air
76
DB_FRF_MassRpo_
AirCal
FLOAT
S
R
The outlet mass calculated as a mean during
factory calibration of air
77
DB_FRF_StiffnessLpo_
WaterCal
FLOAT
S
R
The inlet stiffness calculated as a mean during
factory calibration of water
78
DB_FRF_StiffnessRpo_
WaterCal
FLOAT
S
R
The outlet stiffness calculated as a mean
during factory calibration of water
79
DB_FRF_Damping_
WaterCal
FLOAT
S
R
The damping calculated as a mean during
factory calibration of water
80
DB_FRF_MassLpo_
WaterCal
FLOAT
S
R
The inlet mass calculated as a mean during
factory calibration of water
81
DB_FRF_MassRpo_
WaterCal
FLOAT
S
R
The outlet mass calculated as a mean during
factory calibration of water
82
DB_UNI_DE_
ActionCode
USINT16 S
R /W
The action that will be performed by the event
identified by the discrete event assignment
index
• 1 = Start Sensor Zero
• 2 = Reset Mass Total
• 3 = Reset Volume Total
• 4 = Reset API Volume Total
• 5 = Reset ED Volume Total
• 6 = Reset ED Net Mass Tot
• 7 = Reset ED Net Vol Tot
• 8 = Reset All Totals
• 9 = Start/Stop All Totals
• 18 = Increment ED Curve
• 21 = Reset GSV Total
Index
Name
66
176
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-4
Diagnostic block (Slot 3) continued
Name
83
DB_UNI_DE_
Assignment
84
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
USINT16 S
R /W
Discrete event assignment index
• 57 = Discrete Event 1
• 58 = Discrete Event 2
• 59 = Discrete Event 3
• 60 = Discrete Event 4
• 61 = Discrete Event 5
• 251 = None
DB_SYS_MasterReset
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Perform master reset
85
SYS_AckAlarm
USINT16 S
R/W
Write alarm index to acknowledge alarm. See
Table D-13 for alarm index codes
86
SYS_DriveCurrent
FLOAT
R
Sensor drive current
Units: mA
87(2)
DB_FRF_MV_Index
USINT16 D (20 Hz)
R/W
Index of meter verification test record on
transmitter (0–19)
• 0 = Newest
• 19 = Oldest
88(2)
DB_FRF_MV_Counter
USINT16 D (20 Hz)
R
Counter assigned to meter verification test
record
89(2)
DB_FRF_MV_Status
USINT16 D (20 Hz)
R
Meter verification test record: Test status
• Bit 7 = Pass/Fail
• Bits 6–4 = State
• Bits 3–0 = Abort code
90(2)
D (20 Hz)
Diagrams
Index
Menus
USINT32 D (20 Hz)
R
Meter verification test record: Test start time
91
DB_FRF_MV_LPO_Nor
m
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Meter verification test record: LPO stiffness
92(2)
DB_FRF_MV_RPO_Nor
m
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Meter verification test record: RPO stiffness
93(2)
DB_FRF_MV_FirstRun_
Time
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R/W
Meter verification scheduler: Hours until first
test
• Range: 1–1000
• 0 = No test scheduled
94(2)
DB_FRF_MV_Elapse_Ti FLOAT
me
D (20 Hz)
R/W
Meter verification scheduler: Hours between
tests
• Range: 1–1000
• 0 = No recurring execution
95(2)
DB_FRF_MV_Time_Left FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Meter verification scheduler: Hours until next
test
Bus Parameters
DB_FRF_MV_Time
(2)
(1) Applies only to systems with the original version of the meter verification application.
(2) Applies only to systems with Smart Meter Verification.
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
177
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
D.6
Device Information block (Slot 4)
Table D-5
Device Information block (Slot 4)
Index
Name
Data
type
4
SYS_FeatureKey
5
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
B_ENUM S
R
Transmitter options enabled
• 0x0000 = Standard
• 0x0800 = Meter verification
• 0x0008 = Enhanced density
• 0x0010 = Petroleum measurement
SYS_CEQ_Number
USINT16 S
R
ETO (Engineering To Order) on transmitter
6
SNS_SensorSerialNum
USINT32 S
R/W
7
SNS_SensorType
STRING
S
R/W
8
SNS_SensorTypeCode
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0 = Curved tube
• 1 = Straight tube
9
SNS_SensorMaterial
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0 = None
• 3 = Hastelloy C-22
• 4 = Monel
• 5 = Tantalum
• 6 = Titanium
• 19 = 316L stainless steel
• 23 = Inconel
• 252 = Unknown
• 253 = Special
10
SNS_LinerMaterial
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0 = None
• 10 = PTFE (Teflon)
• 11 = Halar
• 16 = Tefzel
• 251 = None
• 252 = Unknown
• 253 = Special
11
SNS_FlangeType
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0 = ANSI 150
• 1 = ANSI 300
• 2 = ANSI 600
• 5 = PN 40
• 7 = JIS 10K
• 8 = JIS 20K
• 9 = ANSI 900
• 10 = Sanitary clamp fitting
• 11 = Union
• 12 = PN 100
• 252 = Unknown
• 253 = Special
12
SNS_MassFlowHiLim
FLOAT
S
R
High mass flow limit of sensor
13
SNS_TempFlowHiLim
FLOAT
S
R
High temperature limit of sensor
14
SNS_DensityHiLim
FLOAT
S
R
High density limit of sensor
15
SNS_VolumeFlowHiLim
FLOAT
S
R
High volume flow limit of sensor
16
SNS_MassFlowLoLim
FLOAT
S
R
Low mass flow limit of sensor
17
SNS_TempFlowLoLim
FLOAT
S
R
Low temperature limit of sensor
18
SNS_DensityLoLim
FLOAT
S
R
Low density limit of sensor
19
SNS_VolumeFlowLoLim
FLOAT
S
R
Low volume flow limit of sensor
20
SNS_MassFlowLoSpan
FLOAT
S
R
Mass flow minimum range of sensor
21
SNS_TempFlowLoSpan
FLOAT
S
R
Temperature minimum range of sensor
22
SNS_DensityLoSpan
FLOAT
S
R
Density minimum range of sensor
178
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-5
Device Information block (Slot 4) continued
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
SNS_VolumeFlow
LoSpan
FLOAT
S
R
Volume flow minimum range of sensor
24
HART_HartDeviceID
USINT32 S
R/W
Transmitter serial number
25
SYS_SoftwareRev
USINT16 S
R
Transmitter software revision (xxx.xx format,
e.g., 141 = rev1.41)
26
SYS_BoardRevision
USINT16 S
R
Board revision
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
Name
23
D.7
Diagrams
Data
type
Index
Local Display block (Slot 5)
Table D-6
Local Display block (Slot 5)
Data
type
Memory
class
Name
4
UI_EnableLdoTotalizer
Reset
USINT16 S
R/W
Reset totalizers from display
• 0x0000 = Disabled
• 0x0001 = Enabled
5
UI_EnableLdoTotalizer
StartStop
USINT16 S
R/W
Start/stop totalizers from display
• 0x0000 = Disabled
• 0x0001 = Enabled
6
UI_EnableLdoAutoScroll
USINT16 S
R/W
Display auto scroll
• 0x0000 = Disabled
• 0x0001 = Enabled
7
UI_EnableLdoOffline
Menu
USINT16 S
R/W
Enable/disable access to display offline menu
• 0x0000 = Disabled
• 0x0001 = Enabled
8
UI_EnableSecurity
USINT16 S
R/W
Password required to access display offline
menu
• 0x0000 = Password not required
• 0x0001 = Password required
9
UI_EnableLdoAlarm
Menu
USINT16 S
R/W
Enable/disable access to display alarm menu
• 0x0000 = Disabled
• 0x0001 = Enabled
10
UI_EnableLdoAckAll
Alarms
USINT16 S
R/W
Ack All function from display
• 0x0000 = Disabled
• 0x0001 = Enabled
11
UI_OfflinePassword
USINT16 S
R/W
Display password
0 to 9999
12
UI_AutoScrollRate
USINT16 S
R/W
The number of seconds for which each display
variable will be displayed
1 to 30
13
UI_BacklightOn
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0x0000 = Off
• 0x0001 = On
14
UNI_UI_ProcVarIndex
USINT16 S
R/W
Process variable index
See Table D-13 for codes
15
UI_NumDecimals
USINT16 S
R/W
The number of digits displayed to the right of
the decimal point for the process variable
identified by the process variable index
Range: 0–5
16
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_1_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
See Table D-13 for codes. All codes are valid
except for 251 (None).
Display Codes
179
Bus Parameters
Configuration and Use Manual
Menus
Index
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-6
Local Display block (Slot 5) continued
Index
Name
17
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_2_CODE)
18
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
USINT16 S
R/W
See Table D-13 for codes. All codes are valid.
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_3_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
19
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_4_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
20
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_5_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
21
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_6_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
22
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_7_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
23
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_8_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
24
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_9_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
25
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_10_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
26
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_11_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
27
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_12_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
28
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_13_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
29
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_14_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
30
UI_ProcessVariables
(LDO_VAR_15_CODE)
USINT16 S
R/W
31
UI_UpdatePeriodmsec
USINT16 S
R/W
Refresh rate of the display
Range: 100–10,000 milliseconds
32
UI_BacklightOnIntensity
USINT16 S
R/W
The brightness of the backlight
Range: 0 (off) to 63 (full on)
33
UI_Language
USINT16 S
R/W
• 0 = English
• 1 = German
• 2 = French
• 3 = Not used
• 4 = Spanish
34
SYS_Enable_IRDA_
Comm
USINT16 S
R/W
IrDA port availability:
• 0x0000 = Disabled
• 0x0001 = Enabled
35
SYS_Enable_IRDA_
WriteProtect
USINT16 S
R/W
IrDA port usage:
• 0x0000 = Read/write
• 0x0001 = Read-only
180
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
D.8
API block (Slot 6)
API block (Slot 6)
Diagrams
Table D-7
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
4
SNS_API_CorrDensity
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of API Temperature Corrected
Density process variable
5
SNS_API_CorrVolFlow
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of API Temperature Corrected
Volume Flow process variable
6
SNS_API_AveCorr
Density
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Batch weighted average density
7
SNS_API_AveCorrTemp
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Batch weighted average temperature
8
SNS_API_CTL
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current CTL value
9
SNS_API_CorrVolTotal
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of API Temperature Corrected
Volume Total
10
SNS_API_CorrVolInv
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of API Temperature Corrected
Volume Inventory
11
SNS_ResetApiRefVol
Total
USINT16 ---
R/W
Reset API Temperature Corrected Volume
Total
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
12
SNS_ResetAPIGSVInv
USINT16 S
R/W
Reset API Temperature Corrected Volume
Inventory
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
13
SNS_APIRefTemp
FLOAT
S
R/W
The reference temperature to use in the API
calculations
14
SNS_APITEC
FLOAT
S
R/W
The thermal expansion coefficient to use in the
API calculations
15
SNS_API2540TableType USINT16 S
R/W
The table type to use in the API calculations
• 17 = Table 5A
• 18 = Table 5B
• 19 = Table 5D
• 36 = Table 6C
• 49 = Table 23A
• 50 = Table 23B
• 51 = Table 23D
• 68 = Table 24C
• 81 = Table 53A
• 82 = Table 53B
• 83 = Table 53D
• 100 = Table 54C
D.9
Bus Parameters
Name
Menus
Index
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7)
Table D-8
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7)
Name
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
4
SNS_ED_RefDens
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED density at reference
5
SNS_ED_SpecGrav
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED density (fixed SG units)
6
SNS_ED_StdVolFlow
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED standard volume flow rate
7
SNS_ED_NetMassFlow
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED net mass flow rate
Configuration and Use Manual
181
Display Codes
Index
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-8
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7) continued
Index
Name
Data
type
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
8
SNS_ED_NetVolFlow
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED net volume flow rate
9
SNS_ED_Conc
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED concentration
11
SNS_ED_StdVolTotal
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED standard volume total
12
SNS_ED_StdVolInv
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED standard volume
inventory
13
SNS_ED_NetMassTotal
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED net mass total
14
SNS_ED_NetMassInv
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED net mass inventory
15
SNS_ED_NetVolTotal
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED net volume total
16
SNS_ED_NetVolInv
FLOAT
D (20 Hz)
R
Current value of ED net volume inventory
17
SNS_ResetEDRefVol
Total
USINT16 ---
R/W
Reset ED standard volume total:
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
18
SNS_ResetEDNetMass
Total
USINT16 ---
R/W
Reset ED net mass total:
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
19
SNS_ResetEDNetVol
Total
USINT16 ---
R/W
Reset ED net volume total:
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
20
SNS_ResetEDVolInv
USINT16 S
R/W
Reset ED standard volume inventory:
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
21
SNS_ResetEDNetMass
Inv
USINT16 S
R/W
Reset ED net mass inventory:
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
22
SNS_ResetEDNetVolInv
USINT16 S
R/W
Reset ED net volume inventory:
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
23
SNS_ED_CurveLock
USINT16 S
R/W
Write-protect (lock) all ED curves:
• 0x0000 = Not locked
• 0x0001 = Locked
24
SNS_ED_Mode
USINT16 S
R/W
Derived variable:
• 0 = None
• 1 = Density at reference temperature
• 2 = Specific gravity
• 3 = Mass concentration (density)
• 4 = Mass concentration (specific gravity)
• 5 = Volume concentration (density)
• 6 = Volume concentration (specific gravity)
• 7 = Concentration (density)
• 8 = Concentration (specific gravity)
25
SNS_ED_ActiveCurve
USINT16 S
R/W
Active curve index (a)
Range: 0–5
26
UNI_ED_CurveIndex
USINT16 S
R/W
Curve configuration index (n)
Range: 0–5
27
UNI_ED_TempIndex
USINT16 S
R/W
Curven temperature isotherm index (x)
Range: 0–5
28
UNI_ED_ConcIndex
USINT16 S
R/W
Curven concentration index (y)
Range: 0–5
29
SNS_ED_TempISO
FLOAT
R/W
Temperature value: Curven Isothermx
182
S
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-8
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7) continued
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
SNS_ED_DensAtTemp
ISO
FLOAT
S
R/W
Density value: Curven Isothermx
Concentrationy
31
SNS_ED_DensAtTemp
Coeff
FLOAT
S
R/W
Coefficient: Curven Isothermx Concentrationy
32
SNS_ED_ConcLabel55
FLOAT
S
R/W
Curven concentration units label code:
• 100 = Degrees Twaddell
• 101 = Degrees Brix
• 102 = Degrees Baume (heavy)
• 103 = Degrees Baume (light)
• 105 Percent solids per weight
• 106 = Percent solids per volume
• 107 = Degrees Balling
• 108 = Proof per volume
• 109 = Proof per mass
• 160 = Degrees Plato
• 253 = Special
33
SNS_ED_DensAtConc
FLOAT
S
R/W
Curven (1x6) density at Concentrationy at
reference temperature
34
SNS_ED_DensAtConc
Coeff
FLOAT
S
R/W
Curven (1x6) coefficient at Concentrationy at
reference temperature
35
SNS_ED_ConcLabel51
FLOAT
S
R/W
Curven (1x6) Concentrationy value (y-axis)
36
SNS_ED_RefTemp
FLOAT
S
R/W
Curven reference temperature
37
SNS_ED_SGWaterRef
Temp
FLOAT
S
R/W
Curven specific gravity water reference
temperature
38
SNS_ED_SGWaterRef
Dens
FLOAT
S
R/W
Curven specific gravity water reference density
Name
30
S
R/W
Curven trim: slope
S
R/W
Curven trim: offset
41
SNS_ED_ExtrapAlarm
Limit
FLOAT
S
R/W
Curven extrapolation alarm limit (%)
42
SNS_ED_CurveName
STRING
S
R/W
Curven name
43
SNS_ED_MaxFitOrder
USINT16 S
R/W
Curven maximum fit order
Range: 2–5
44
SNS_ED_FitResults
USINT16 S
R
Curven curve fit results:
• 0 = Good
• 1 = Poor
• 2 = Failed
• 3 = Empty
45
SNS_ED_ConcUnit
Code
USINT16 S
R/W
Curven concentration units code:
• 1110 = Degrees Twaddell
• 1426 = Degrees Brix
• 1111 = Deg Baume (heavy)
• 1112 = Deg Baume (light)
• 1343 = % sol/wt
• 1344 = % sol/vol
• 1427 = Degrees Balling
• 1428 = Proof (volume)
• 1429 = Proof (mass)
• 1346 = Percent Plato
• 1342 = Percent (Special Units)
46
SNS_ED_ExpectedAcc
FLOAT
R
Curven expected accuracy of curve fit
Configuration and Use Manual
S
Display Codes
FLOAT
FLOAT
Bus Parameters
SNS_ED_SlopeTrim
SNS_ED_OffsetTrim
Menus
39
40
Diagrams
Data
type
Index
183
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-8
Enhanced Density block (Slot 7) continued
Index
Name
Data
type
47
SNS_ED_ResetFlag
48
Memory
class
Access
Definition/Code/Comments
USINT16 S
W
Reset all density curve data:
• 0x0000 = No action
• 0x0001 = Reset
SNS_ED_EnableDens
LowExtrap
USINT16 S
R/W
Low-density extrapolation alarm:
• 0x0000 = Disable
• 0x0001 = Enable
49
SNS_ED_EnableDens
HighExtrap
USINT16 S
R/W
High-density extrapolation alarm:
• 0x0000 = Disable
• 0x0001 = Enable
50
SNS_ED_EnableTemp
LowExtrap
USINT16 S
R/W
Low-temperature extrapolation alarm:
• 0x0000 = Disable
• 0x0001 = Enable
51
SNS_ED_EnableTemp
HighExtrap
USINT16 S
R/W
High-temperature extrapolation alarm:
• 0x0000 = Disable
• 0x0001 = Enable
52
SNS_ED_LongCurve
Name
OCTET
STRING
R/W
Extended name of curve
184
S
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
D.10
I&M functions (Slot 0)
I&M functions
Subindex
Name
Description
Data
type
Size
Memory
class
Access
255
65000
HEADER
Manufacturer- specific
STRING
10
S
R
MANUFACTURER_ ID for manufacturer that is
ID
assigned by PTO
USINT16
2
S
R
ORDER_ID
Order number of device
STRING
20
S
R
SERIAL_NO
Production serial number of
device
STRING
16
S
R
HARDWARE_
REVISION
Revision number of the
hardware
USINT16
2
S
R
SOFTWARE_
REVISION
Software or firmware revision
of device or module
1×CHAR
3×USINT8
4
S
R
REV_COUNTER
Marks the change of hardware
revision or any of its
parameters
USINT16
2
S
R
PROFILE_ID
Profile type of supporting
profile
USINT16
2
S
R
PROFILE_
SPECIFIC_TYPE
Specific profile type
USINT16
2
S
R
IM_VERSION
Implemented version of I&M
functions
2×USINT8
2
S
R
IM_SUPPORTED
Indicated availability of I&M
functions
USINT16(1)
2
S
R
65001
Manufacturer-specific
STRING
10
S
R
Device identification tag
STRING
32
S
R/W
TAG_LOCATION
Device location identification
tag
STRING
22
S
R/W
Bus Parameters
HEADER
TAG_FUNCTION
Menus
Index
(1) Implemented as bit array.
D.11
Diagrams
Table D-9
Totalizer and inventory measurement unit codes
Table D-10 Mass totalizer and mass inventory measurement unit codes
Label
Description
1089
g
Gram
1088
Kg
Kilogram
1092
metric tons
Metric ton
1094
lbs
Pound
1095
short tons
Short ton (2000 pounds)
1096
long tons
Long ton (2240 pounds)
Configuration and Use Manual
Display Codes
Code
185
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-11 Liquid volume totalizer and liquid volume inventory measurement unit codes
Code
Label
Description
1048
gal
Gallon
1038
l
Liter
1049
ImpGal
Imperial gallon
1034
m3
Cubic meter
1036
cm3
Cubic centimeter
1051
bbl
Barrel(1)
1641
Beer bbl
Beer barrel(2)
1043
ft3
Cubic foot
(1) Unit based on oil barrels (42 U.S. gallons).
(2) Unit based on U.S. beer barrels (31 U.S. gallons).
Table D-12 Gas standard volume totalizer and gas standard volume inventory
measurement unit codes
D.12
Code
Label
Description
1053
SCF
Standard cubic feet
1521
Nm3
Normal cubic meters
1526
Sm3
Standard cubic meters
1531
NL
Normal liter
1536
SL
Standard liter
Process variable codes
Table D-13 Process variable codes
186
Code
Description
0
Mass flow rate
1
Temperature
2
Mass total
3
Density
4
Mass inventory
5
Volume flow rate
6
Volume total
7
Volume inventory
15
API: Temperature-corrected density
16
API: Temperature-corrected (standard) volume flow
17
API: Temperature-corrected (standard) volume total
18
API: Temperature-corrected (standard) volume inventory
19
API: Batch weighted average density
20
API: Batch weighted average temperature
21
Enhanced density: Density at reference temperature
22
Enhanced density: Density (fixed SG units)
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-13 Process variable codes continued
23
Enhanced density: Standard volume flow rate
24
Enhanced density: Standard volume total
25
Enhanced density: Standard volume inventory
26
Enhanced density: Net mass flow rate
27
Enhanced density: Net mass total
28
Enhanced density: Net mass inventory
29
Enhanced density: Net volume flow rate
30
Enhanced density: Net volume total
31
Enhanced density: Net volume inventory
32
Enhanced density: Concentration
33
API: CTL
46
Tube frequency
47
Drive gain
48
Case temperature
49
Left pickoff amplitude
Right pickoff amplitude
51
Board temperature
53
External pressure
55
External temperature
63
Gas standard volume flow rate
64
Gas standard volume total
65
Gas standard volume inventory
69
Live zero
251
None
Bus Parameters
50
Menus
Description
Diagrams
D.13
Code
Alarm index codes
Table D-14 Alarm index codes
Description
1
Nonvolatile memory failure
2
RAM/ROM error
3
Sensor failure
4
Temperature overrange
5
Input overrange
6
Transmitter not characterized
7
Reserved
8
Density overrange
9
Transmitter initializing/warming up
10
Calibration failure
11
Zero too low
Configuration and Use Manual
Display Codes
Code
187
PROFIBUS Bus Parameters
Table D-14 Alarm index codes continued
188
Code
Description
12
Zero too high
13
Zero too noisy
14
Transmitter failed
16
Line RTD Temperature out-of-range
17
Meter RTD temperature out-of-range
18
Reserved
19
Reserved
20
Incorrect sensor type (K1)
21
Invalid sensor type
22
NV error (core processor)
23
NV error (core processor)
24
NV error (core processor)
25
Boot fail (core processor)
26
Reserved
27
Security breach
28
Reserved
29
Internal communication failure
30
Hardware/software incompatible
31
Low power
32
Meter verification fault alarm
33
Tubes not full
42
Drive overrange
43
Data loss possible
44
Calibration in progress
45
Slug flow
47
Power reset
56
API: Temperature out of limits
57
API: Density out of limits
60
Enhanced density: unable to fit curve data
61
Enhanced density: extrapolation alarm
71
Meter verification info alarm
72
Simulation mode active
73–139
Undefined
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
E.1
Diagrams
Appendix E
Display Codes and Abbreviations
Overview
This appendix provides information on the codes and abbreviations used on the transmitter display.
Note: Information in this appendix applies only to transmitters that have a display.
E.2
Codes and abbreviations
Menus
Table E-1 lists and defines the codes and abbreviations that are used for display variables (see
Section 8.9.3 for information on configuring display variables).
Table E-2 lists and defines the codes and abbreviations that are used in the off-line menu.
Note: These tables do not list terms that are spelled out completely, or codes that are used to identify
measurement units. For the codes that are used to identify measurement units, see Section 6.3.
Table E-1
Display codes used for display variables
Definition
AVE_D
Average density
AVE_T
Average temperature
BRD T
Board temperature
CONC
Concentration
DGAIN
Drive gain
EXT P
External pressure
EXT T
External temperature
GSV F
Gas standard volume flow
GSV I
Gas standard volume flow
inventory
LPO_A
Left pickoff amplitude
LVOLI
Volume inventory
LZERO
Live zero flow
MASSI
Mass inventory
MTR T
Case temperature
NET M
Net mass flow rate
Enhanced density application only
NET V
Net volume flow rate
Enhanced density application only
NETMI
Net mass inventory
Enhanced density application only
NETVI
Net volume inventory
Enhanced density application only
PWRIN
Input voltage
Refers to power input to the core processor
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
Comment or reference
Bus Parameters
Code or abbreviation
189
Display Codes and Abbreviations
Table E-1
Code or abbreviation
Definition
Comment or reference
RDENS
Density at reference
temperature
Enhanced density application only
RPO A
Right pickoff amplitude
SGU
Specific gravity units
STD V
Standard volume flow rate
Enhanced density application only
STDVI
Standard volume inventory
Enhanced density application only
TCDEN
Temperature-corrected
density
Petroleum measurement application only
TCORI
Temperature-corrected
inventory
Petroleum measurement application only
TCORR
Temperature-corrected total
Petroleum measurement application only
TCVOL
Temperature-corrected
volume
Petroleum measurement application only
TUBEF
Raw tube frequency
WTAVE
Weighted average
Table E-2
190
Display codes used for display variables
Display codes used in off-line menu
Code or abbreviation
Definition
ACK
Display Ack All menu
ACK ALARM
Acknowledge alarm
ACK ALL
Acknowledge all
ACT
Action
ADDR
Address
BKLT, B LIGHT
Display backlight
CAL
Calibrate
CHANGE PASSW
Change password
CONFG
Configuration
CORE
Core processor
CUR Z
Current zero
CUSTODY XFER
Custody transfer
DENS
Density
Comment or reference
Action assigned to a discrete event
Change the password required for access to
display functions
DRIVE%, DGAIN
Drive gain
DISBL
Disable
DSPLY
Display
Ex
Event x
Refers to Event 1 or Event 2 when setting the
setpoint.
Select to enable
ENABL
Enable
EXTRN
External
EVNTx
Event x
FAC Z
Factory zero
FCF
Flow calibration factor
Select to disable
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Display Codes and Abbreviations
Table E-2
Display codes used in off-line menu
Flow direction
FLSWT, FL SW
Flow switch
GSV
Gas standard volume
GSV T
Gas standard volume total
IRDA
Infrared
LANG
Display language
M_ASC
Modbus ASCII
M_RTU
Modbus RTU
MASS
Mass flow
MBUS
Modbus
MFLOW
Mass flow
MSMT
Measurement
MTR F
Meter factor
OFF-LINE MAINT
Off-line maintenance menu
OFFLN
Display off-line menu
PRESS
Pressure
r.
Revision
SENSR
Sensor
SPECL
Special
SrC
Source
TEMPR
Temperature
VER
Version
VERFY
Verify
VFLOW
Volume flow
VOL
Volume or volume flow
WRPRO
Write protect
XMTR
Transmitter
Variable assignment for outputs
Bus Parameters
FLDIR
Comment or reference
Menus
Definition
Diagrams
Code or abbreviation
Display Codes
Configuration and Use Manual
191
192
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Index
Index
A
Acyclic communications 2
Additional communications response delay 71
Address switches 7
used to set node address 68
Alarms
See Status alarms
API block 181
Auto scroll 67
Auto zero
See Zero calibration
B
Baud rates
automatic detection 2, 7, 21
supported 2
Bus parameters
See PROFIBUS bus parameters
Button
See Optical switch
Byte order
See Floating-point byte order
C
Calibration 87, 89
calibration failure 126
density calibration procedure 117
See also Zero calibration, Density calibration,
Temperature calibration
temperature calibration procedure 121
troubleshooting 135
zero calibration procedure 113
Calibration block 168
Characterizing
troubleshooting 135
Communication tools 3
troubleshooting 124
Configuration
additional communications response delay 71
API parameters 74
cutoffs 54
damping 55
density measurement unit 32
device settings 73
digital communications fault action 71
digital communications parameters 68
Configuration and Use Manual
display 65
entering floating-point values 13
language 65
precision 66
variables 66
enhanced density application 77
events 57
external temperature compensation 84
fault timeout 72
floating-point byte order 70
flow direction parameter 56
GSV
I&M functions 73
IrDA port 69
mass flow measurement unit 30
meter factors 111
Modbus address 70
Modbus ASCII support 70
node address 68
optional 51
overview 3
petroleum measurement application 74
planning 3
pre-configuration worksheet 5
pressure compensation 82
pressure measurement unit 33
required 25
restoring a working configuration 136
saving to a file 18
sensor parameters 74
slug flow parameters 61
status alarm severity 62
temperature measurement unit 33
update period 65
volume flow measurement for gas 52
volume flow measurement unit 30
Configuration files
saving 18
upload and download 18
Configuration tools 3
Connecting to the transmitter
from a PROFIBUS host 21
from ProLink II or Pocket ProLink 18
Customer service 6, 124
Cutoffs 54
193
Index
D
Damping 55
Data exchange 2
Default values 143
Density
cutoff 54
factor 81
measurement unit
configuration 32
list 32
Density calibration procedure 117
Device address
See Node address
Device description
See EDD
Device Information block 178
Device settings 73
Diagnostic block 170
Digital communications
additional communications response delay 71
fault action 71
fault timeout 72
floating-point byte order 70
IrDA port usage 69
Modbus address 70
Modbus ASCII support 70
node address 68
Digital communications parameters 68
Discrete event
See Events
Display
changing event setpoints 61
codes and abbreviations 189
configuration 65
enable/disable
acknowledge all alarms 67
alarm menu 67
auto scroll 67
off-line menu 67
totalizer reset 67
totalizer start/stop 67
language 12, 65
LCD panel backlight 67
menu flowcharts 160
off-line password 67
optional transmitter feature 9
password 13
precision 66
resetting
inventories 47
totalizers 47
See also User interface
194
starting and stopping
inventories 47
totalizers 47
status alarms 41
update period 65
using 12
decimal notation 13
entering floating-point values 13
exponential notation 13
for configuration 25, 51
menus 13
optical switch 11
variables 66
viewing
process variables 36
totalizer and inventory values 45
viewing process variables 12
Display variables 66
Documentation 6
DP-V0 cyclic services 2
using with PROFIBUS host 22
DP-V1 read and write services 2
using with PROFIBUS host 23
Drive gain, troubleshooting 137
E
EDD 2, 21
menu flowcharts 153
obtaining 3, 21
resetting
inventories 49
totalizers 49
starting and stopping
inventories 49
totalizers 49
status alarms 43
using
for configuration 25, 51
with PROFIBUS host 23
version 2
viewing
process variables 37
status 39
totalizer and inventory values 46
Enhanced density application
configuration 77
required volume flow measurement type 77
Enhanced Density block 181
Events
changing setpoints from display 61
configuration 57
reporting status 60
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Index
F
Fault action 71
Fault conditions 126
Fault timeout 72
Floating-point byte order 70
Flow calibration pressure 81
Flow direction parameter 56
Flow factor 81
G
Gas standard volume flow
See GSV
Grounding, troubleshooting 126
GSD 2, 21
input modules 22
obtaining 3, 21
output modules 22
resetting
inventories 49
totalizers 49
starting and stopping
inventories 49
totalizers 49
using with PROFIBUS host 22
version 2
viewing
process variables 37
totalizer and inventory values 46
GSV
configuration
measurement units 32
H
Hardware addressing 68
I
I&M functions 2
configuration 73
PROFIBUS bus parameters 185
using 35
Identification & Maintenance functions
See I&M functions
Input modules
list 22
Configuration and Use Manual
Inventories
definition 45
measurement unit codes 185
measurement units 28
resetting 47
starting and stopping 47
viewing values 45
IrDA port
enabled or disabled 69
write-protection 69
Index
External temperature compensation
configuration 84
definition 84
output module 86
L
Language
used on display 12, 65
LCD panel backlight 67
LEDs
troubleshooting 128
types 38
using 38
Local Display block 179
Low pickoff voltage 137
M
Mass flow
cutoff 54
measurement unit
configuration 30
list 30
Measurement block 166
Menu flowcharts
Display 160
EDD 153
ProLink II 150
Messaging 2
Meter factors 89
configuration 111
Meter validation 87, 89
See also Meter factors
Meter verification 87
execution 91
overview 87
preparing for test 91
results 102
See also Smart Meter Verification
Micro Motion customer service 6, 124
Modbus address 70
Modbus ASCII support 70
Model number 1
195
Index
N
Network LED 38
Node address
address switches 68
default 7, 22, 68
hardware addressing 68
setting 7, 21, 22, 68
software addressing 68
O
Optical switch 11
Output modules
list 22
pressure and external temperature
compensation 86
P
Password 13
Petroleum measurement application
configuration 74
required volume flow measurement type 74
Pickoff voltage 137
Pocket ProLink
configuration upload and download 18
connecting to Model 2400S DP transmitter 18
requirements 17, 125
saving configuration files 18
Power supply
troubleshooting 125
Pressure
measurement unit
configuration 33
list 33
Pressure compensation
configuration 82
definition 81
output module 86
pressure correction factors 81
pressure effect 81
Pressure correction factors 81
Pressure effect 81
Process variable
recording 36
troubleshooting 132
viewing 36
PROFIBUS
baud rates 2
configuration methods 2
I&M functions 2
messaging 2
operation methods 2
196
PROFIBUS bus parameters 2, 165
alarm index codes 187
API block 181
Calibration block 168
data types 166
Device Information block 178
Diagnostic block 170
Enhanced Density block 181
I&M functions 185
Local Display block 179
Measurement block 166
measurement unit codes
density 32
mass flow 30
pressure 33
temperature 33
totalizers and inventories 185
volume flow 30
process variable codes 186
resetting
inventories 49
totalizers 49
starting and stopping
inventories 49
totalizers 49
status alarms 44
using with PROFIBUS host 23
viewing
process variables 38
status 39
totalizer and inventory values 47
PROFIBUS host
connecting to Model 2400S DP transmitter 21
requirements 125
using 21
EDD 23
GSD 22
PROFIBUS bus parameters 23
PROFIBUS wiring, troubleshooting 126
ProLink II
configuration upload and download 18
connecting to Model 2400S DP transmitter 18
menu flowcharts 150
requirements 17, 125
resetting
inventories 48
totalizers 48
saving configuration files 18
starting and stopping
inventories 48
totalizers 48
status alarms 42
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
Index
R
Restore factory configuration 136
Restore factory zero 113
Restore prior zero 113
S
Safety 1
Scroll optical switch 11
Select optical switch 11
Sensor circuitry, troubleshooting 138
Sensor parameters 74
Sensor tubes 135
Service port
clips 18
connection parameters 18
IrDA port 18
Set Slave Address telegram 22
Siemens Simatic PDM 21
Simulation mode 127
Slave address
See Node address
Slug flow
definition 61
parameters 61
troubleshooting 134
Smart Meter Verification
execution 96
overview 87
preparing for test 91
results 102
scheduling 109
Software address LED 38
Software addressing 68
Status alarm severity
configuration 62
implications for fault reporting 62
Status alarms
handling 40
list 128
See also Status alarm severity
Status LED 39
Status, viewing 39
Configuration and Use Manual
T
Temperature
measurement unit
configuration 33
list 33
Temperature calibration procedure 121
Temperature compensation
See External temperature compensation
Terminals 148
Test points 136
Totalizers
definition 45
measurement unit codes 185
measurement units 28
resetting 47
starting and stopping 47
viewing values 45
Transmitter
bringing online 7
components 147
configuration
default values and value ranges 143
optional 51
overview 3
required 25
connecting
from a PROFIBUS host 21
from Pocket ProLink 18
from ProLink II 18
model number 1
software version 2
terminals 148
type 1
Troubleshooting
calibration 126, 135
characterization 135
communication device 124
drive gain problems 137
fault conditions 126
flow measurement configuration 135
grounding 126
low pickoff voltage 137
network LED 128
power supply wiring 125
process variables 132
PROFIBUS wiring 126
sensor circuitry 138
sensor tubes 135
slug flow 134
software address LED 128
status alarms 128
status LED 128
Index
using for configuration 25, 51
version 2
viewing
process variables 37
status 39
totalizer and inventory values 46
197
Index
test points 136
transmitter does not communicate 124
transmitter does not operate 124
wiring problems 125
zero failure 126
U
Update period
configuration 65
User interface
features and functions 9
optional display 9
removing cover 11
See also Display
V
Viewing
inventory values 45
process variables 36
with the display 12
status 39
totalizer values 45
Volume flow
cutoff 54
gas standard 52
liquid 52
measurement type 30, 52
required for enhanced density application 52
required for petroleum measurement
application 52
measurement unit
configuration 30
gas 32
liquid 31
W
Wiring problems 125
Z
Zero calibration 112
failure 126
procedure 113
restoring factory zero 113
restoring prior zero 113
198
Micro Motion® Model 2400S Transmitters for PROFIBUS-DP
© 2009, Micro Motion, Inc. All rights reserved. P/N MMI-20008811, Rev. AA
*MMI-20008811*
For the latest Micro Motion product specifications, view the
PRODUCTS section of our web site at www.micromotion.com
Micro Motion Inc. USA
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