American Water Heater PowerVent Use & care guide

Flammable Vapor Ignition Resistant Compliant
Power Vented
Gas Water Heater
Installation
Instructions and
Use & Care Guide
WARNING: If the information in these
instructions is not followed exactly, a fire
or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death.
To obtain technical, warranty, or service assistance during or
after the installation of this water heater, visit our website at:
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
http://www.americanwaterheater.com
or call toll free
1-800-456-9805
When calling for assistance, please have the
following information ready:
•
Do not try to light any appliance.
•
Do not touch any electrical switch;
do not use any phone in your
building.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
•
Immediately call your gas supplier
from a neighbor’s phone. Follow
the gas supplier’s instructions.
Table of Contents
•
If you cannot reach your gas
supplier, call the fire department.
Installation and service must be performed
by a qualified installer, service agency or
the gas supplier.
Model number
7 digit product number
Serial number
Date of installation
Place of purchase
...............................2
INSTALLER:
• AFFIX THESE INSTRUCTIONS TO OR ADJACENT
TO THE WATER HEATER.
OWNER:
• RETAIN THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND WARRANTY
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE. RETAIN THE
ORIGINAL RECEIPT AS PROOF OF PURCHASE.
6510417
September 2007
1
WATER HEATER SAFETY
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you
to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible
injury or death.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in death or injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in death or injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION
•
•
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, may result
in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION used without the safety alert
symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in property damage.
Important Instructions
Do not use this appliance if any part has been under water. Immediately call a qualified service technician. Water
heaters subjected to flood conditions or any time the gas controls, main burner or pilot have been submerged in
water require replacement of the entire water heater.
Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system that has not been used for a long period of time (generally
two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and can ignite when exposed to a spark or flame. To
prevent the possibility of injury under these conditions, we recommend the hot water faucet be opened for several
minutes at the kitchen sink before using any electrical appliance which is connected to the hot water system. If
hydrogen is present, there will probably be an unusual sound such as air escaping through the faucet as water
begins to flow. Do not smoke or have any open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of
substances known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires
businesses to warn of potential exposure to such substances.
WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm.
This appliance can cause low-level exposure to some of the substances included in the Act.
Table Of Contents
PAGE
Water Heater Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Installing Your Gas Water Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Unpacking the Water Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Location Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Gas Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Combustion Air Supply/Vent Pipe System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-12
Outlet Terminations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Water System Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Electrical Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Installation Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Operating Your Water Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-19
Lighting Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Operational Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Maintenance of Your Water Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-22
Troubleshooting Flowchart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23-24
Repair Parts Illustration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25-26
2
INSTALLING YOUR GAS WATER HEATER
Consumer Information
Unpacking the Water Heater
This water heater is design-certified by CSA International
as a Category IV, non-direct vented water heater which
takes its combustion air either from the installation area or
from air ducted to the unit from the outside.
WARNING
Excessive Weight Hazard
This water heater must be installed according to all local
and state codes or, in the absence of local and state
codes, the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)-current edition.
CSA America, Inc.
8501 East Pleasant Valley Road
Cleveland, OH 44131
National Fire Protection Association
1 Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02269
Use two or more people to move and install
water heater.
Failure to do can result in back or
other injury.
IMPORTANT: Do not remove any permanent instructions,
labels, or the data label from either the outside of the water
heater or on the inside of water heater panels.
•
Remove exterior packaging and place installation components aside.
Check your phone listings for the local authorities
having jurisdiction over your installation.
•
Inspect all parts for damage prior to installation and
start-up.
Consumer Responsibilities
•
Completely read all instructions before attempting to
assemble and install this product.
•
After installation, dispose of/recycle all packaging
materials.
This manual has been prepared to acquaint you with the
installation, operation, and maintenance of your gas water
heater and provide important safety information in these
areas.
Read all of the instructions thoroughly before attempting
the installation or operation of this water heater.
Do not discard this manual. You or future users of this
water heater will need it for future reference.
Service to the power vented system should only be
performed by a qualified person.
Examples of a qualified person include: licensed
plumbers, authorized gas company personnel, and
authorized service personnel.
If you lack the necessary skills required to properly install
this water heater, or you have difficulty following the
instructions, you should not proceed but have a qualified
person perform the installation of this water heater.
Massachusetts code requires this water heater to be
installed in accordance with Massachusetts Plumbing and
Fuel Gas Code 248 CMR Section 2.00 and 5.00.
A data plate identifying your water heater can be found
next to the gas control valve/thermostat. When referring to
your water heater, always have the information listed on
the data plate readily available.
Retain your original receipt as proof of purchase.
3
WARNING
Location Requirements
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Hazard
Do not install in a mobile home.
Doing so can result in death or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
FLAMMABLES
Flammable Vapors
FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD
Can result in serious injury or death
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
Storage of or use of gasoline or other
flammable vapors or liquids in the vicinity
of this or any other appliance can result in
serious injury or death.
Do not use or store flammable products such as gasoline,
solvents, or adhesives in the same room or area near the
water heater. If such flammables must be used, all gas
burning appliances in the vicinity must be shut off and their
pilot lights extinguished. Open the doors and windows for
ventilation while flammable substances are in use.
If flammable liquids or vapors have spilled or leaked in
the area of the water heater, leave the area immediately
and call the fire department from a neighbor’s home. Do
not attempt to clean the spill until all ignition sources have
been extinguished.
WARNING
Fire or Explosion Hazard
Read and follow water heater warnings and
instructions.
Read instruction manual before installing,
using or servicing water heater.
Improper use may result in fire or explosion.
Maintain required clearances to combustibles.
Keep combustibles such as boxes, magazines, clothes,
etc. away from the water heater area.
Site Location
•
Select a location near the center of the water piping
system. The water heater must be installed indoors
and in a vertical position on a level surface.
•
Consider the exhaust vent system piping and combustion air supply requirements when selecting the water
heater location. The venting system must be able to
run from the water heater to the termination with a
minimal length and number of elbows. The venting
system must comply with the requirements set forth in
the venting section of this manual.
•
Locate the water heater near the existing gas
piping. If installing a new gas line, locate the water
heater to minimize the pipe length and elbows.
NOTE: This water heater must be installed according to all
local and state codes or, in the absence of local and state
codes, the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)-current edition.
4
CAUTION - PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD
The water heater should be located in an area
where leakage of the tank or connections will not
result in damage to the area adjacent to the water
heater or to lower floors of the structure. Due to the
normal corrosive action of the water, the tank will
eventually leak after an extended period of time. Also
any external plumbing leak, including those from
improper installation, may cause early failure of the
tank due to corrosion if not repaired. If the owner/
operator is uncomfortable with making the repair a
qualified person should be contacted. A suitable metal
drain pan should be installed under the water heater
as shown below, to help protect the property from
damage which may occur from condensate formation
or leaks in the piping connections or tank. The pan
must limit the water level to a maximum depth of
1-3/4” and be two inches wider than the heater and
piped to an adequate drain. NOTE: The pan must
not restrict combustion air flow. Locate the water
heater near a suitable indoor drain. Outside drains are
subject to freezing temperatures which can obstruct
the drain line. The piping should be at least 3/4” ID
and pitched for proper drainage.
Clearances and Accessibility
FIGURE 1
Minimum Clearance
Locations
Vent
Top to
ceiling
Back
Sides
Sides
Front
24” min.
for service
Top View
NOTE: Minimum clearances from combustible materials
are stated on the data plate adjacent to the gas control
valve/thermostat of the water heater.
The water heater is certified for installation on a
combustible floor.
•
Pipe to an
adequate drain
IMPORTANT: If installing over carpeting, the carpeting
must be protected by a metal or wood panel beneath
the water heater. The protective panel must extend
beyond the full width and depth of the water heater
by at least 3 inches (76.2mm) in any direction or if in
a alcove or closet installation, the entire floor must be
covered by the panel.
WARNING
1-3/4”
max.
Fire Hazard
For continued protection
against the risk of fire:
At least 2” greater
than the water heater and the
inlet air pipe..
•
•
The water heater should be located in an area not
subject to freezing temperatures. Water heaters
located in unconditioned spaces (i.e., attics,
basements, etc.) may require insulation of the
water piping and drain piping to protect against
freezing. The drain and controls must be easily
accessible for operation and service. Maintain
proper clearances as specified on the data plate.
Do not locate the water heater near an air-moving
device. The operation of air-moving devices such as
exhaust fans, ventilation systems, clothes dryers,
fireplaces, etc., can affect the proper operation of
the water heater. Special attention must be given to
conditions these devices may create. Flow reversal
of flue gases may cause an increase of carbon
monoxide inside of the dwelling.
Do not install water heater
on carpeted floor.
Do not operate water heater
if flood damaged.
•
Figure 1 may be used as a reference guide to locate
the specific clearance locations. A minimum of 24
inches of front clearance and 4 inches on each side
should be provided for inspection and service.
State of California
NOTE: The water heater must be braced, anchored, or
strapped to avoid moving during an earthquake. Contact
local utilities for code requirements in your area or call
1-800-456-9805 and request instructions.
5
Gas Supply
Figure 2
Gas Piping
WARNING
Manual gas
shut-off valve
Explosion Hazard
Install a readily accessible manual shut-off
valve in the gas supply
line as recommended
by the local utility.
Use a new CSA approved gas supply line.
Install a shut-off valve.
Do not connect a natural gas water heater to
an L.P. gas supply.
Do not connect an L.P. gas water heater to a
natural gas supply.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, explosion, or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
Gas Requirements
Read the data plate to be sure the water heater is made
for the type of gas you will be using in your home. This
information will be found on the data plate located near the
gas control valve/thermostat. If the information does not
agree with the type of gas available, do not install or light.
Call your dealer.
NOTE: An odorant is added by the gas supplier to the gas
used by this water heater. This odorant may fade over an
extended period of time. Do not depend upon this odorant
as an indication of leaking gas.
Gas Piping
The gas piping must be installed according to all local and
state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)-current
edition.
Tables 1 and 2 on the following page provide a sizing
reference for commonly used gas pipe materials. Consult
the “National Fuel Gas Code” for the recommended gas
pipe size of other materials.
Refer to Figure 2
NOTE: When installing gas piping, apply approved pipe
joint compound.
1. Install a readily accessible manual shut-off valve in
the gas supply line as recommended by the local utility.
Know the location of this valve and how to turn off the
gas to this unit.
2. Install a drip leg (if not already incorporated as part of
the water heater) as shown. The drip leg must be no
less than three inches long for the accumulation of dirt,
foreign material, and water droplets.
3. Install a ground joint union between the gas control
valve/thermostat and the manual shut-off valve. This is to
allow easy removal of the gas control valve/thermostat.
4. Turn the gas supply on and check for leaks. Test all
connections by brushing on an approved noncorrosive
leak-detection solution. Bubbles will show a leak. Correct
any leak found.
6
Gas Pressure
IMPORTANT: The gas supply pressure must not exceed
the maximum supply pressure as stated on the water
heater’s data plate. The minimum supply pressure is for
the purpose of input adjustment.
Gas Pressure Testing
IMPORTANT: This water heater and its gas connection
must be leak tested before placing the appliance in
operation.
• If the code requires the gas lines to be tested at a
pressure exceeding 14” W.C., the water heater and
its manual shut-off valve must be disconnected from
the gas supply piping system and the line capped.
• If the gas lines are to be tested at a pressure less
than 14” W.C., the water heater must be isolated
from the gas supply piping system by closing its
manual shut-off valve.
U.L. recognized fuel gas and carbon monoxide (CO)
detectors are recommended in all applications and should
be installed using the manufacturer’s instructions and local
codes, rules, or regulations.
NOTE: Air may be present in the gas lines and could
prevent the burner from lighting on initial start-up. The gas
lines should be purged of air by a qualified person after
installation of the gas piping system.
L.P. Gas Only
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
Have a qualified person make sure L.P. gas
pressure does not exceed 13” water column.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Failure to do so can result in death,
explosion, or fire.
Combustion Air Supply and
Ventilation
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide Warning
Follow all the local and state codes or, in
the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1
(NFPA 54)- latest edition to properly install
vent system.
Failure to do so can result in death,
explosion, or carbon monoxide poisoning.
Combustion Air Supply
This water heater takes its combustion air either from the
installation area or from air ducted to the unit from the
outside and all combustion products are discharged to the
outdoors.
IMPORTANT: Air for combustion and ventilation must not
come from a corrosive atmosphere. Any failure due to
corrosive elements in the atmosphere is excluded from
warranty coverage.
The following types of installation (not limited to the
following) will require outdoor air for combustion due to
chemical exposure and may reduce but not eliminate the
presence of corrosive chemicals in the air:
• beauty shops
• photo processing labs
• buildings with indoor pools
• water heaters installed in laundry, hobby, or craft rooms
• water heaters installed near chemical storage areas
Combustion air must be free of acid-forming chemicals
such as sulfur, fluorine, and chlorine. These elements are
found in aerosol sprays, detergents, bleaches, cleaning
solvents, air fresheners, paint, and varnish removers,
refrigerants, and many other commercial and household
products. When burned, vapors from these products form
highly corrosive acid compounds. These products should
not be stored or used near the water heater or air inlet.
Combustion and ventilation air requirements are
determined by the location of the water heater. The water
heater may be located in either an open (unconfined) area
or in a confined area or small enclosure such as a closet
or small room. Confined spaces are areas with less than
50 cubic feet for each 1,000 BTUH of the total input for all
gas-using appliances.
7
heaters, furnaces, clothes dryers, etc.) and the method by
which the air is provided. The BTUH input can be found on
the water heater data plate. Additional air can be provided
by two methods:
1. All air from inside the building.
2. All air from outdoors.
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Combustion air is drawn through the
bi-directional air vent above the water
heater.
Do not store gasoline or other flammable
substances above this water heater.
Storage of gasoline or other flammable
substances above this water heater can
result in serious injury or death.
Figure 3
Opening Locations
Confined Spaces
12” Max.
Permanent
openings to
the outside or
additional
rooms within
the building
Closet
or other
confined
space
12” Max.
Unconfined Space
A water heater in an unconfined space uses indoor air for
combustion and requires at least 50 cubic feet for each
1,000 BTUH of the total input for all gas appliances. The
table below shows a few examples of the minimum square
footage (area) required for various BTUH inputs.
Table 3
BTUH
Input
Min. Sq. Feet
with 8’ Ceiling
Typical Room
with 8’ Ceiling
30,000
188
9 x 21
45,000
281
14 x 20
60,000
375
15 x 25
75,000
469
15 x 31
90,000
563
20 x 28
105,000
657
20 x 33
120,000
750
25 x 30
135,000
844
28 x 30
All Air from Inside the Building
When additional air is to be provided to the confined area
from additional room(s) within the building, the total volume
of the room(s) must be of sufficient size to properly provide
the necessary amount of fresh air to the water heater
and other gas utilization equipment in the area. If you are
unsure that the structure meets this requirement, contact
your local gas utility company or other qualified agency for
a safety inspection.
Each of the two openings shall have a minimum free area
of 1 square inch per 1,000 BTUH of the total input rating of
all gas utilization equipment in the confined area, but not
less than 100 square inches (Figure 4).
Figure 4
All Air From Inside Building
Confined Space Installation
Confined
Space
IMPORTANT:
• The area must be open and be able to provide the
proper air requirements to the water heater. Areas that
are being used for storage or contain large objects may
not be suitable for water heater installation.
• Water heaters installed in open spaces in buildings with
unusually tight construction may still require outdoor air
to function properly. In this situation, outside air openings should be sized the same as for a confined space.
• Modern home construction usually requires supplying
outside air into the water heater area.
Confined Space
For the correct and proper operation of this water heater,
ample air must be supplied for the combustion, ventilation,
and dilution of flue gases. Small enclosures and confined
areas must have two permanent openings so that sufficient
fresh air can be drawn from outside of the enclosure. One
opening shall be within 12 inches of the top and one within 12
inches of the bottom of the enclosure as shown in Figure 3.
The size of each opening (free area) is determined by the
total BTUH input of all gas utilization equipment (i.e., water
8
Permanent
Openings
1 Square
inch/1000
BTUH
(min. 100
sq. in.)
All Air from Outdoors
Outdoor fresh air can be provided to a confined area either
directly or by the use of vertical and horizontal ducts. The
fresh air can be taken from the outdoors or from crawl or
attic spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors.
Attic or crawl spaces cannot be closed and must be
properly ventilated to the outside.
Ductwork must be of the same cross-sectional area as
the free area of the opening to which they connect. The
minimum dimension of rectangular air ducts cannot be less
than three inches.
The size of each of the two openings is determined by the
method in which the air is to be provided. Refer to Table
4 to calculate the minimum free area for each opening.
Figures 5, 6, and 7 are typical examples of each method.
Louvers and Grilles
In calculating free area for ventilation and combustion
air supply openings, consideration must be given to the
blocking effect of protection louvers, grilles, and screens.
These devices can reduce airflow, which in turn may
require larger openings to achieve the required minimum
free area. Screens must not be smaller than 1/4” mesh. If
the free area through a particular design of louver or grille
is known, it should be used in calculating the specified
free area of the opening. If the design and free area are
not known, it can be assumed that most wood louvers will
allow 20 - 25% of free area while metal louvers and grilles
will allow 60 - 75% of free area.
Louvers and grilles must be locked open or interconnected
with the equipment so that they are opened automatically
during equipment operation.
Keep louvers and grilles clean and free of debris or other
obstructions.
Table 4
Minimum Free Area of Permanent Openings for
Ventilation and Combustion Air Supply All Air from Outdoors Only
Figure 6
All Air from Outdoors
Through Ventilated Attic
Gable Vent
to Outdoors
Install Above
Insulation
Confined
Space
Outlet Air
to the Attic
1 sq. in. per
4000 BTUH
Inlet Air Duct
1 sq. in. per
4000 BTUH
12” Max.
Figure 7
All Air From Outdoors
Using Horizontal Ducts
1 sq. in. per
2000 BTUH
Confined
Space
Outlet
Based on the total BTUH input rating for all gas utilizing equipment
within the confined space.
Opening Source
Minimum Free
Area Per Opening
(Sq. In.)
Reference
Drawing
Directed to Outdoors*
1 sq. in. per 4000 BTUH
Figure 5
Vertical Ducts
1 sq. in. per 4000 BTUH
Figure 6
Horizontal Ducts
1 sq. in. per 2000 BTUH
Figure 7
Single Opening
1 sq. in. per 3000 BTUH
Figure 7A
Example: A water heater with an input rating of 50,000 BTUH using
horizontal ducts would require each opening to have a minimum free
area of 25 square inches.
Minimum free area = 50,000 BTUH x 1 sq. in. / 2000 BTUH = 25 sq. in.
*These openings connect directly with the outdoors
through a ventilated attic, a ventilated crawl space, or
through an outside wall.
Consult the local codes of your area for specific ventilation
and combustion air requirements.
Figure 5
All Air From Outdoors: Inlet Air
From Ventilated Crawl Space/
Outlet Air to Vented Attic
Outdoor
Air Ducts
Inlet
1 sq. in. per
2000 BTUH
Figure 7A
All Air From Outdoors
Using a Single Permanent Opening
Alternative
Opening
Location
Confined
Space
1 sq. in. per
3000 BTUH
Gable Vent
to Outdoors
Install Above
Insulation
Confined
Space
Outlet Air
to the Attic
1 sq. in. per
4000 BTUH
Alternative
Air Inlet
1 sq. in. per
4000 BTUH
Inlet Air
from the
Crawl Space
Open
Foundation
Vent
9
Vent Pipe System
This water heater must be properly vented for removal
of exhaust gases to the outside atmosphere. Correct
installation of the vent pipe system is mandatory for the
safe and efficient operation of this water heater and is an
important factor in the life of the unit.
The vent pipe must be installed in accordance with state
and local codes, or in the absence of such, the National
Fuel Gas Code, NFPA 54, ANSI Z223.1-current edition.
IMPORTANT: Check to make sure the vent pipe is not
blocked in any way. NOTE: Do not common vent this
water heater with any other appliance. Do not install in the
same chase or chimney with a metal or high-temperature
plastic from another gas or fuel burning appliance.
Vent Pipe Material
The following plastic materials may be used for both the
combustion air inlet and exhaust outlet piping subject to
state and local codes:
• 2 or 3 inch Schedule 40 PVC or ABS
• 2 or 3 inch Schedule 40 or 80 CPVC
• DWV Pipe is acceptable
NOTE: Use only solid (not foam core) piping. Plastic pipe
and fittings are available through most plumbing suppliers.
Always check the marking on the pipe to make sure you
are using the correct material.
Vent Pipe Connection to Blower
A 3”x2” condensate drain coupler is supplied with every 40-42K
BTU model to connect either 2” or 3” venting to the blower. A
3” condensate drain coupler is supplied with every 50-60K BTU
model to connect 3” venting to the blower.
IMPORTANT: These connections must be properly sealed to
prevent the leakage of the products of combustion into the
living area. If needed 3”x2” & 3” condensate drain couplers are
available through the Parts Department for new installations or
retrofits where condensate may run back to the blower.
Vent Pipe Installation
The following guidelines should be followed when installing
the exhaust outlet piping:
• Venting should be as direct as possible with a
minimum number of pipe fittings.
• Vent diameter must not be reduced unless
specifically noted in the installation instructions.
• Support all horizontal pipe runs every four feet
and all vertical pipe runs every six feet or
according to local codes.
• Vents run through unconditioned spaces where below
freezing temperatures are expected should be properly
insulated to prevent freezing. For horizontal runs,
wrap the vent pipe with self-regulating 3 or 5 watt heat
tape. The heat tape must be U.L. listed and installed
per the manufacturer’s instructions.
• Do not connect this venting system with an existing
vent or chimney.
• Do not common vent with the vent pipe of
any other water heater or appliance.
The exhaust outlet piping and termination may be installed
in one of the following type terminations:
1. Standard Horizontal
2. Vertical
All pipe, fittings, pipe cement, primers and procedures
must conform to American National Standard Institute and
American Society for Testing and Materials (ANSI/ASTM)
standards in the United States. This water heater has been
design certified by CSA International for use with the listed
plastic vent pipe material. IMPORTANT: Do not use vent
elbows in this vent pipe installation (see figure 8). All joints in
the outlet piping must be properly cemented. Size and cut all
piping before cementing.
10
Figure 8
Correct and Incorrect
Pipe Fittings
CORRECT FITTINGS
Mesh Metal
90° Medium 45° Sweep
90° Long
Rodent Screen Sweep Elbow Elbow
Sweep Elbow
INCORRECT FITTINGS
Tee Connector 45° Vent
Elbow
90° Vent
Elbow
1. Cut the pipe end square and remove all ragged edges
and burrs. Make sure the inside of the pipe is clean
and free of cuttings and loose dirt. Chamfer the end
and apply primer to the fitting and pipe.
2. Using a suitable grade of pipe cement, apply a
moderate, even coat inside the fitting. Apply a liberal
amount of cement to the outside of the pipe to socket
depth. NOTE: It is important to select the proper pipe
cement for the type plastic pipe being used.
3. Assemble the parts quickly while the cement is still
wet. Twist the pipe 1/4 turn during insertion and hold
for 30 seconds.
Vent Pipe Length
Size the exhaust outlet as specified in Tables 5 & 6 below.
These tables list the maximum allowable length in feet of
the exhaust outlet pipe as related to the number of required
elbows and the termination. The specified maximum
lengths are for exhaust pipe systems. Minimum pipe length
is 3 feet with one elbow.
1. Determine termination type and pipe size.
2. Determine number of elbows in exhaust pipe (Do not
include elbows in the termination.) Corresponding
number indicates the maximum length of exhaust pipe.
Table 5 - Maximum Allowable Length in Feet of
Exhaust Pipe - (42K BTU/Hr models only)
Pipe
Size
(in)
Number of 90° Elbows (medium or long sweep only)
Termination
Options
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
2
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
2
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
Vertical
3
120
115
110
105
100
95
90
Std. Horizontal
3
120
115
110
105
100
95
90
Vertical
Std. Horizontal
Table 6 - Maximum Allowable Length in Feet of
Exhaust Pipe - (50K/60K BTU/Hr models only)
Pipe
Size
(in)
Number of 90° Elbows (medium or long sweep only)
0
2
N/A
1
2
3
4
5
6
Termination
Options
Std. Horizontal
2
N/A
3
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
Std. Horizontal
Vertical
3
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
Vertical
Notes:
1. N/A - Not Applicable
2. The above maximum lengths are for outlet pipe systems.
3. Maximum of 6 elbows may be used. Use only medium or long
sweep elbows. See figure 8 for details.
4. Two 45° elbows are considered equivalent to one 90° elbow.
5. Minimum length is 3 foot with 1 elbow.
6. Use schedule 40 or 80 CPVC, 40 ABS, or 40 PVC pipe and fittings.
Vent Termination Locations
The exhaust outlet must be installed with the following
minimum clearances (see figure 9):
In addition to maintaining the minimum clearances , the
vent should terminate according to the following guidelines:
1. Do not expose any reducers or bushings to outdoor
ambient temperatures.
•
Twelve inches above grade or maximum
anticipated snow level.
•
Twelve inch minimum clearance on top or four foot
clearance below or to the side of door or window
that may be open.
•
Four feet horizontally and vertically from gas
or electric meters, gas regulators, dryer vents,
vent hoods, bathroom fan exhaust, attic fans
and turbines.
4. Do not terminate the vent in an area where
children or animals could block pipes.
•
Two feet from an inside corner formed by two
exterior walls.
6. Caulk all cracks, seams and joints within 6 feet
horizontally above and below the vent.
•
Two feet from porches, decks, overhangs and
other obstructions.
2. The exhaust outlet must not terminate under a patio,
deck or any covered area.
3. Do not terminate the vent near walkways or into
alleys or other publicly accessible areas.
5. Do not locate the vent terminal too close to shrubs or
bushes.
Figure 9
Minimum Termination Clearance for
Outlet Vent
US Installations
A. 12 in (30 cm) min. clearance above grade,
veranda, porch, deck, balcony, or maximum
anticipated snow level.
B. 12 in. (30 cm) min. clearance on top or 4 ft.
clearance below or to the side of door or window
that may be open.
C. Clearance to permanently closed window.**
D. 12 in (30 cm) min. vertical clearance to ventilated
soffit located above the terminal within a horizontal
distance of 2 ft (61 cm) from the center line of the
terminal.
E. 12 in (30 cm) min. clearance to unventilated soffit.
F. Clearance to outside corner. **
G. 2 ft (61 cm) clearance to inside corner formed by two
exterior walls.
H. 4 ft (122 cm) clearance to each side of center line
extending above meter/regulator assembly.
I. 4 ft (122 cm) clearance to service regulator vent outlet.
J. 12 in (30 cm) clearance on top or 4 ft (122 cm) clearance below or to the side of nonmechanical air supply
inlet to building or the combustion air inlet to any other
appliance.
K. 3 ft (91 cm) above if within 10 ft (3 m) horizontally of
mechanical air supply inlet.
**Clearance in accordance with local installation codes and the requirements of the gas supplier.
11
OUTLET VENT TERMINATIONS
Standard Horizontal Termination
Vertical Termination
The standard horizontal exhaust outlet termination is a
2 inch or 3 inch pipe which terminates 12 inches from
the outside wall (see figure 10). To prevent potential
condensate from collecting in the venting system slope
the vent at a downward pitch of 1/8” per 5ft. away from the
water heater.
Install the correct size coupling at the outside wall on the
exhaust to prevent the termination from being pushed
inward.
NOTE: A rodent screen is available through the Parts
Department for installations where animals may be able to
access the vent system.
The vertical exhaust outlet requires a return bend or two
medium or long sweep radius 90° elbows to keep the
exhaust outlet downward and prevent entry of rain. Do
not include these elbows when calculating the maximum
allowable vent pipe because they have already been
considered in the vent tables. The vertical exhaust outlet
termination is a 2 inch or 3 inch pipe which must be at
least 12 inches above the roof line or anticipated snow
levels. See figure 11.
NOTE: A rodent screen is available through the Parts
Department for installations where animals may be able to
access the vent system.
Figure 10
Standard Horizontal Termination
Figure 11
Vertical vent termination
12” Min.
Exhaust
Air
Outlet
2” Coupling
Anticipated
Snow Level
12” Min, above grade or
anticipated snow level.
12” Min.
12
WATER SYSTEM PIPING
Piping Installation
Figure 12
Typical water piping installation
Piping, fittings, and valves should be installed according to
the installation drawing (Figure 12). If the indoor installation
area is subject to freezing temperatures, the water piping
must be protected by insulation.
In a closed system use a
thermal expansion tank
Cold Water
Inlet Valve
Hot Water
Outlet
Cold Water Supply
to Fixture
Water supply pressure should not exceed 80psi. If this
occurs a pressure limiting valve with a bypass may need
to be installed in the cold water inlet line. This should
be placed on the supply to the entire house in order to
maintain equal hot and cold water pressures.
Discharge line
6” Max. above
drain
IMPORTANT: Always use a good grade of joint compound
and be certain that all fittings are drawn up tight.
1. Install the water piping and fittings as shown in Figure
12. Connect the cold water supply (3/4” NPT) to the
fitting marked “C”. Connect the hot water supply (3/4”
NPT) to the fitting marked “H”. IMPORTANT: Some
models may contain energy saving heat traps to
prevent the circulation of hot water within the pipes. Do
not remove the inserts within the heat traps.
1“ Min.
5. Install a shut-off valve in the cold water inlet line. It
should be located close to the water heater and be
easily accessible. Know the location of this valve and
how to shut off the water to the heater.
6. A temperature and pressure relief valve must be
installed in the opening marked “Temperature and
Pressure (T & P) Relief Valve” on the water heater.
Add a discharge line to the opening of the T & P relief
valve. Follow the instructions under Temperature and
Pressure Relief Valve”.
Drain line 3/4”
ID Min.
Massachusetts:
Drain
Install a vacuum relief
in cold water line per
section 19 MGL 142
Metal Drain
Pan 1-3/4”
Depth Max.
FIGURE 13
Typical Tempering
Valve Installation
2. The installation of unions in both the hot and cold
water supply lines is recommended for ease of
removing the water heater for service or replacement.
4. If installing the water heater in a closed water system,
install an expansion tank in the cold water line as
specified under “Closed System/Thermal Expansion”.
Main Water
Supply
Temperature and
Pressure Relief Valve
IMPORTANT: Heat cannot be applied to the water fittings
on the heater as they may contain nonmetallic parts. If
solder connections are used, solder the pipe to the adapter
before attaching the adapter to the hot and cold water
fittings.
3. The manufacturer of this water heater recommends
installing a tempering valve or an anti-scald device
in the domestic hot water line as shown in Figure 13.
These valves reduce the point of use temperature of
the water by mixing cold and hot water and are readily
available for use. Point of use devices for reducing
scald hazards that attach to faucets and shower heads
are also available from plumbing supply houses.
Contact a licensed plumber or the local plumbing
authority.
Pressure Reducing
Valve with Bypass
Cold
Water
Inlet
Tempering Valve
(set to 120°F
or lower)
Tempered Water
to fixtures
Please note the following:
•
The system should be installed only with piping that is
suitable for potable (drinkable) water such as copper,
CPVC, or polybutylene. This water heater must not be
installed using iron piping or PVC water piping.
•
Use only pumps, valves, or fittings that are compatible
with potable water.
•
Use only full flow ball or gate valves. The use of valves
that may cause excessive restriction to water flow is
not recommended.
•
Use only 95/5 tin-antimony or other equivalent solder.
Any lead based solder must not be used.
•
Piping that has been treated with chromates, boiler
seal, or other chemicals must not be used.
•
Chemicals that may contaminate the potable water
supply must not be added to the piping system.
13
Closed System/Thermal Expansion
CAUTION - PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD
Periodic discharge of the temperature and pressure
relief valve may be due to thermal expansion in a closed
water supply system. The water utility supply meter
may contain a check valve, backflow preventer or water
pressure reducing valve. This will create a closed water
system. During the heating cycle of the water heater, the
water expands causing pressure inside the water heater
to increase. This may cause the temperature and pressure
relief valve to discharge small quantities of hot water. This
is an unacceptable condition and must be corrected. To
prevent this, it is recommended that a diaphragm-type
expansion tank (suitable for potable water) be installed
on the cold water supply line. The expansion tank must
have a minimum capacity of 1.5 U.S. gallons for every 50
gallons of stored water. Contact the local water supplier
or plumbing inspector for information on other methods to
control this situation.
IMPORTANT: Only a new temperature and pressure relief
valve should be used with your water heater. Do not use an
old or existing valve as it may be damaged or not adequate
for the working pressure of the new water heater. Do not
place any valve between the relief valve and the tank.
Figure 14A
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve Installation
Temperature and
Pressure Relief Valve
Discharge line 3/4” Min.
Do not cap or plug.
Drain Pan
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Do not plug valve.
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
For protection against excessive pressures and
temperatures, a temperature and pressure relief valve must
be installed in the opening marked “T & P RELIEF VALVE”
(see Figure 14A.) This valve must be design certified by
a nationally recognized testing laboratory that maintains
periodic inspection of the production of listed equipment
or materials as meeting the requirements for Relief
Valves for Hot Water Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22. The
function of the temperature and pressure relief valve is to
discharge water in large quantities in the event of excessive
temperature or pressure developing in the water heater.
The valve’s relief pressure must not exceed the working
pressure of the water heater as stated on the data plate.
14
6” Max.
Drain
T&P Valve and Pipe Insulation (Some Models)
1. Locate the T&P Valve on the water heater.
2. Locate the slit running the length of the insulation.
3 Spread this slit open and slip it over the T&P Valve. See
Figure 14B. Apply gentle pressure to the insulation to
ensure it is fully seated on the T&P Valve. Once sealed
secure the insulation with a section of tape.
IMPORTANT: The insulation or tape should not block
or cover the T&P drain opening. Also the insulation or
tape should not block or hinder access to the T&P valve
manual relief lever.
4. Next locate the hot water (outlet) & cold water (inlet) pipes
to the water heater.
5. Select one of the sections of pipe insulation and locate the
slit that runs the length of the insulation.
6. Spread the slit open at the base of the insulation and slip
it over the cold water (inlet) pipe. Apply gentle
pressure along the length of the insulation to ensure it is
fully seated around the cold water pipe. Also ensure that
the base of insulation is flush with the water heater. Once
seated secure the insulation with a section of tape.
7. Repeat steps 5 through 6 for the hot water (outlet) pipe.
Figure 14B
T&P Valve Insulation
T&P Insulation
Manual Relief Lever
T&P Valve
T&P Valve
Drain Line
The Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve:
• Shall not be in contact with any electrical part.
• Shall be connected to an adequate discharge line.
• Shall not be rated higher than the working pressure
shown on the data plate of the water heater.
The Discharge Line:
• Shall not be smaller than the pipe size of the relief
valve or have any reducing coupling installed in the
discharge line.
•
•
•
•
Shall not be capped, blocked, plugged or contain any
valve between the relief valve and the end of the
discharge line.
Shall terminate a maximum of six inches above a
floor drain or external to the building.
Shall be capable of withstanding 250°F (121°C)
without distortion.
Shall be installed to allow complete drainage of both
the valve and discharge line.
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
IMPORTANT: Do not use an extension cord to connect the
water heater to an electrical outlet.
WARNING
• The water heater and the outlet are properly grounded.
Electric Shock Hazard
•
Installed in accordance with prevailing provisions of
local codes, or in the absence of such, National Electric
Code, ANSI/NFPA 70.
NOTE: Always reference the wiring diagram for the correct
electrical connections.
Disconnect power before
servicing.
Replace all parts and panels
before operating.
After making all electrical connections, completely fill the
tank with water and check all connections for leaks. Open
the nearest hot water faucet and let it run for 3 minutes to
purge the water lines of air and sediment and to ensure
complete filling of the tank. The electrical power may then
be turned on. Verify proper operation after servicing.
Failure to do so can result in
death or electrical shock.
Before plugging in the water heater, always make sure:
•
The voltage and frequency correspond to that specified
on the water heater wiring diagram.
•
The electrical outlet has the proper overload fuse or
breaker protection.
WIRING DIAGRAM
WHITE/BLACK TRACER
PRESSURE
SWITCH
YELLOW/BLACK TRACER
BLUE
GAS VALVE CONNECTOR
WHITE
BLACK
TEMP.
SWITCH
BLACK
WHITE
120V 60Hz.
GREEN
YELLOW
BLOWER GROUND
WHITE
GREEN
YELLOW
GREEN
MOTOR
120V 60Hz.
15
INSTALLATION CHECKLIST
Water Heater Location
•
Acceptable size, length, and number of elbows on
exhaust outlet pipe.
•
Centrally located with the water piping system.
Located as close to the gas piping and vent pipe
system as possible.
•
•
Located indoors and in a vertical position. Protected
from freezing temperatures.
Installed in accordance with prevailing provisions of
local codes, or in the absence of such, National Fuel
Gas Code, NFPA 54, ANSI Z223.1-Current edition.
•
•
Proper clearances from combustible surfaces
maintained and not installed directly on a carpeted
floor.
Slope 2” & 3” horizontal piping at a downward pitch
of 1/8” per 5ft. away from the water heater.
•
Not obstructed in any way.
•
Provisions made to protect the area from
water damage. Drain pan installed and piped to an
adequate drain.
Vent Termination
Horizontal
•
12” Min. above grade/snow level.
Slope 2” & 3” horizontal piping at a downward pitch
of 1/8” per 5ft. away from the water heater.
Away from corners, other vents, windows, etc.
•
Installation area free of corrosive elements and
flammable materials.
•
•
Sufficient room to service the water heater.
•
•
Water heater not located near an air-moving device.
Vertical
Gas Supply and Piping
•
Gas supply is the same type as listed on the water
heater data plate.
•
Gas line equipped with shut-off valve, union, and
drip leg.
•
Approved pipe joint compound used.
•
Adequate pipe size and of approved material.
•
Chloride-free soap and water solution or other
approved means used to check all connections and
fittings for possible gas leaks.
•
Outlet - 12” Min. above roof/snow level.
Water System Piping
•
Temperature and pressure relief valve properly
installed with a discharge line run to an
open drain and protected from freezing.
•
All piping properly installed and free of leaks.
•
Heater completely filled with water.
•
Closed system pressure build-up precautions
installed.
•
Tempering valve installed per manufacturer’s
instructions.
Combustion Air Supply/Vent Pipe System
Electrical Connections
•
Sufficient fresh air supply for proper water heater
operation.
•
Unit connected to a dedicated power supply.
Fresh air not taken from areas that contain negative
pressure producing devices such as exhaust fans,
fireplaces, etc.
•
Unit connected to a 120V electrical supply.
•
Proper polarity.
•
Water heater properly grounded.
•
Installed in accordance with prevailing provisions of local codes, or in the absence of such, the current edition
of the National Electric Code, ANSI/NFPA 70.
•
•
Fresh air supply free of corrosive elements and
flammable vapors.
•
Fresh air openings sized correctly with consideration
given to the blocking effect of louvers and grilles.
•
Ductwork is the same cross-sectional area as the
openings.
•
Vent pipe and fittings of approved material.
16
OPERATING YOUR WATER HEATER
Lighting Instructions
WARNING
Read and understand these directions thoroughly before
attempting to operate the water heater. Make sure the
tank is completely filled with water before operating the
water heater. Check the data plate near the gas control
valve/thermostat for the correct gas. Do not use this
water heater with any gas other than the one listed on
the data plate. If you have any questions or doubts,
consult your gas supplier or gas utility company.
Explosion Hazard
Replace viewport if glass is
missing or damaged.
Failure to do so can result in
death, explosion or fire.
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE LIGHTING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or explosion
may result causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
A. This appliance does not have a pilot. It is equipped with
an ignition device which automatically lights the burner.
Do not try to light the burner by hand.
B. BEFORE LIGHTING smell all around the appliance area
for gas. Be sure to smell next to the floor because some
gas is heavier than air and will settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS:
•
Do not try to light any appliance.
•
Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any
phone in your building.
•
Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
•
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call
the fire department.
C. Do not use this appliance if any part has been
under water. Immediately call a qualified service
technician to inspect the appliance. Water heaters
subjected to flood conditions or anytime the gas
controls, main burner or pilot have been
submerged in water require replacement of the
entire water heater.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
4.
This appliance is equipped with a device which
automatically lights the burner.
DO NOT TRY TO LIGHT THE BURNER BY HAND.
5.
Wait five minutes to clear out any gas. If you then
smell gas. STOP! Follow the “B” in the safety
information above on this label. If you don’t smell
gas, go to the next step.
6.
Set the thermostat to the desired setting by first
pressing the COOLER
and HOTTER
buttons together and holding for 1 second. Then
press the HOTTER
button.
WATER TEMPERATURE ADJUSTMENT
is approximately 120°F.
CAUTION: Hotter water increases the risk of scald
injury. Consult the instruction manual before
changing the temperature.
If the appliance will not operate, follow the
instructions “TO TURN OFF GAS APPLIANCE”
and call a qualified person or gas supplier.
WARNING: TURN OFF ALL ELECTRIC POWER
BEFORE SERVICING.
7.
1.
2.
3.
STOP! Read the safety information
above on this label.
Connect to a grounded 110/120 volt power
supply.
Set the thermostat to the lowest setting by first
pressing the COOLER
and HOTTER
buttons together and holding for 1 second. Then
press the COOLER
button until the WARM
indicator light appears.
8.
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1.
Set the thermostat to the lowest setting by first
pressing the COOLER
and HOTTER
buttons together and holding for 1 second. Then
press the COOLER
button until the WARM
indicator light appears.
2.
Unplug electrical service to the appliance if
service is to be performed.
17
L.P.G. (Bottled Propane) Models
Liquefied petroleum gas is over 50% heavier than air
and in the occurrence of a leak in the system, the gas
will settle at floor level. Basements, crawl spaces, skirted
areas under mobile homes (even when ventilated), closets
and areas below ground level will serve as pockets for
the accumulation of gas. Before lighting an L.P. gas water
heater, smell all around the appliance at floor level. If you
smell gas, follow the instructions as given in the warning on
the front page.
When your L.P. tank runs out of fuel, turn off the gas at
all gas appliances including pilot lights. After the tank is
refilled, all appliances must be re-lit according to their
manufacturer’s instructions.
Water Heater Operation
Figure 15 below shows the water heater’s sequence of
operation when a call for heat is initiated. The ignition control module will attempt to light the burner three times. If
the ignition control does not detect ignition it will enter lockout mode, indicated by a three flash error code.
Figure 15
Sequence of Operation
FLAME SENSE ROD DETECTS
FLAME OF MAIN BURNER
DRAFT INDUCER IS ENERGIZED
WATER IN TANK IS HEATED BY
MAIN BURNER AND
TEMPERATURE REACHES
THERMOSTAT SETTING
CONTROL CHECKS TO ENSURE
PRESSURE SWITCH CLOSES,
INDICATING BLOWER OPERATING
AND THERE ARE NO VENTING
BLOCKAGES (INLET OR OUTLET)
MAIN VALVE DE-ENERGIZES
AND BLOWER CONTINUES FOR
A POST PURGE TIME OF
APPROX. 30 SECONDS
CONTROL ENERGIZES HOT
SURFACE IGNITER (HSI)
CONTROL ENERGIZES MAIN
GAS VALVE ALLOWING THE
BURNER TO BE LIT BY HSI
Water temperature over 125°F can cause
severe burns instantly or death from scalds.
Children, disabled and elderly are at highest
risk of being scalded.
Feel water before bathing or showering.
Temperature limiting valves are available.
CALL FOR
HEAT INDICATED
BY FAST FLASH
OF LED
CONTROL CHECKS TO ENSURE
PRESSURE SWITCH IS OPEN
WARNING
MAIN VALVE DE-ENERGIZES
AND BLOWER CONTINUES FOR
A POST PURGE TIME OF
APPROX. 5 SECONDS
HEATER RETURNS TO
STANDBY MODE
Burner Flames
Inspect the burner flames through the viewport and compare them to the drawings in Figure 16. A properly operating burner should produce Figure 16
Flame Characteristics
a soft blue flame. Blue
Tips may have
a yellow tint
tips with yellow inner
cones are satisfactory.
Yellow inner
cones are
The tips of the flame may
Correct flame
satisfactory
have a slight yellow tint.
soft blue
The flame should not
be all yellow or have a
sharp blue-orange color.
Contaminated air may cause an orange colored flame.
Contact a qualified person if the flame is not satisfactory.
Water Temperature Regulation
Due to the nature of the typical gas water heater, the water
temperature in certain situations may vary up to 30°F (16.7
°C) higher or lower at the point of use such as, bathtubs,
showers, sink, etc.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD: Water heaters are intended
to produce hot water. Water heated to a temperature which
will satisfy space heating, clothes washing, dish washing, and
other sanitizing needs can scald and permanently injure you
upon contact. Some people are more likely to be permanently
injured by hot water than others. These include the elderly,
children, the infirm, or physically/mentally handicapped. If
anyone using hot water in your home fits into one of these
groups or if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain
18
temperature water at the hot water tap, then you must take
special precautions. In addition to using the lowest possible
temperature setting that satisfies your hot water needs, a
means such as a mixing valve, should be used at the hot
water taps used by these people or at the water heater.
Mixing valves are available at plumbing supply or hardware stores,
see Figure 13. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for installation of
the valves. Before changing the factory setting on the thermostat
see Figure 17 and the table below. Using the lowest hot water
temperature that meets your needs will also provide the most
energy efficient operation of the water heater.
Never allow small children to use a hot water tap, or to draw
their own bath water. Never leave a child or handicapped
person unattended in a bathtub or shower.
Temperature
Settings
160°F (71°C)
150°F (66°C)
140°F (60°C)
130°F (54°C)
120°F (49°C)
80°F (27°C)
Time to Produce 2nd & 3rd
Degree Burns on Adult Skin
About 1/2 second
About 1-1/2 seconds
Less than 5 seconds
About 30 seconds
More than 5 minutes
----------------
NOTE: A water temperature range of 120°F-140°F (49°C-60°C)
is recommended by most dishwasher manufacturers.
The thermostat of this water heater has been factory set at its
lowest position, to reduce the risk of scald injury. It is adjustable
and must be reset to the desired temperature setting.
The mark ( ) (on temperature setting of gas control valve/
thermostat) indicative of approximately 120°F is preferred
starting point. Some states have a requirement for a lower
setting. If you need hotter water, follow directions for
temperature adjustment, but beware of the warnings in this
section.
Pressing the “COOLER”
button decreases temperature and
pressing the “HOTTER”
button increases the temperature.
To avoid any unintentional changes in water temperature
settings, the control has a tamper resistant feature
for changing the temperature setting. To change the
temperature setting follow these instructions:
1. “Wake Up” the temperature indicators by holding down
both “COOLER” and “HOTTER” temperature adjustment buttons at the same time for one second (See
Figure 17). One or two of the temperature indicators
will light up. These indicators will only remain on for
30 seconds if no further buttons are pressed. After 30
seconds the control will go back to “Sleep” mode.
2. Release both of the temperature adjustment buttons.
A. To decrease the temperature press and release the
“COOLER” button until the desired setting is reached.
B. To increase the temperature press and release the
“HOTTER” button until the desired setting is reached.
NOTE: Holding down the button will not continue to lower or
raise the temperature setting. The button must be pressed
and released for each temperature change desired.
Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail to shut off,
turn off the manual gas control valve to the appliance.
NOTE: During low demand periods when hot water is not
being used, a lower thermostat setting will reduce energy
losses and may satisfy your normal hot water needs. If hot
water use is expected to be more than normal, a higher
thermostat setting may be required to meet the increased
demand. When leaving your home for extended periods
(vacations, etc.) turn the temperature dial to its lowest
setting. This will maintain the water at low temperatures
with minimum energy losses and prevent the tank from
freezing during cold weather.
Figure 17
Gas Valve/
Thermostat Settings
Temperature Setting
Display
A B C
C - Flashing = approx. 160°F
C = approx. 150°F
B = approx. 140°F
A = approx. 130°F
= approx. 120°F
WARM = approx. 80°F
Operational Conditions
Condensation
Moisture from the products of combustion condenses on
the tank surface and the outside jacket of the water heater
and forms drops of water which may fall onto the burner or
other hot surfaces. This will produce a “sizzling” or “frying”
noise. This condensation is normal and should not be
confused with a leaking tank. Condensation may increase
or decrease at different times of the year.
High efficient energy saver water heaters will produce
larger amounts of condensation on initial start-up or
when a large amount of hot water is being used. Do not
confuse this with a “tank leak”. Once the water reaches
a temperature of 120°F (49°C) and the tank warms up
(usually 1-2 hours), the condensation will stop.
CAUTION - PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD
IMPORTANT: It is always recommended that a suitable
metal drain pan be installed under the water heater
to protect the area from water damage resulting from
normal condensation production, a leaking tank or piping
connections. Refer to “Location Requirements” section
Water Heater Sounds
During the normal operation of the water heater, sounds or
noises may be heard. These noises are common and may
result from the following:
1. Normal expansion and contraction of metal parts
during periods of heat-up and cool-down.
2. Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the
burner area and should be considered normal.
3. Sediment buildup in the tank bottom will create
varying amounts of noise and may cause premature
tank failure. Drain and flush the tank as directed
under “Draining and Flushing”.
Smoke/Odor
The water heater may give off a small amount of smoke
and odor during the initial start-up of the unit. This is due to
the burning off of oil from metal parts of a new unit and will
disappear after a few minutes of operation.
Safety Shut-off
This water heater is designed to automatically shut-off in
the event of the following:
1. The water temperature exceeds 180°F (83°C.)
2. A blockage occurs in the combustion chamber air inlet,
the flue gas exhaust outlet, or both the inlet and outlet.
3. The blower fails to operate or operates improperly.
A high temperature limit switch or ECO (Energy Cut Off) in
the tank is used to shut off the unit if the water temperature
exceeds 180°F (83°C.) The ECO is a single use switch and
requires complete replacement of the entire thermostat.
If the ECO should actuate, the water heater cannot be
used until the thermostat is replaced by a qualified person.
Contact your local dealer for service information.
Anode Rod/Water Odor
Each water heater contains at least one anode rod, which
will slowly deplete while protecting the glass-lined tank
from corrosion and prolonging the life of the water heater.
Once the anode is depleted, the tank will start to corrode,
eventually developing a leak. Certain water conditions will
cause a reaction between this rod and the water. The most
common complaint associated with the anode rod is a “rotten
egg smell” produced from the presence of hydrogen sulfide
gas dissolved in the water. IMPORTANT: Do not remove this
rod permanently as it will void any warranties. The parts list
includes a special anode that can be ordered if water odor
or discoloration occurs. NOTE: This rod may reduce but not
eliminate water odor problems. The water supply system
may require special aeration or chlorination equipment from
a water conditioning company to successfully eliminate all
water odor problems.
The use of a water softener may decrease the life of the
water heater tank.
The anode rod should be removed from the water heater
tank every 3 years for inspection. The following are typical
(but not all) signs of a depleted anode rod:
• The majority of the rods diameter is less than 3/8”.
• Significant sections of the support wire (approx. 1/3 or
more of the anode rod’s length) are visible.
If the anode rod show signs of either or both it should be
replaced. NOTE: Whether re-installing or replacing the
anode rod, check for any leaks and immediately correct if
found.
In replacing the anode:
1. Turn off gas supply to the water
Figure 18
heater.
Anode Rod Depletion
2. Shut off the water supply and
open a nearby hot water faucet to
Exposed
depressurize the water tank.
Support
3. Drain approximately 5 gallons
Wire
of water from tank (Refer to the
“Draining and Flushing” section for
proper procedures). Close drain
Pitted
valve.
Anode
Rod
4. Remove old anode rod.
5. Use Teflon® tape or approved pipe
sealant on threads and install new
anode rod.
6. Turn on water supply and open
Exposed
Support
nearby hot water faucet to purge air
Wire
from water system. Check for any
leaks and immediately correct any if found.
7. Restart the water heater as directed under the
“Operating Your Water Heater” section. See the “Repair
Parts Illustration” section for anode rod location.
TEFLON® is a registered trademark of E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company.
19
MAINTENANCE OF YOUR WATER HEATER
Draining and Flushing
It is recommended that the tank be drained and flushed
every 6 months to remove sediment which may build up
during operation. The water heater should be drained if
being shut down during freezing temperatures. To drain the
tank, perform the following steps:
1. Turn off the gas to the water heater at the manual
gas shut-off valve.
2. Turn off the electrical supply to the water heater.
3. Close the cold water inlet valve.
4. Open a nearby hot water faucet.
5. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate it to
an adequate drain.
NOTE: The drain hose should be rated for at least 200°F
(93°C). If the drain hose does not have this rating, open
the cold water inlet valve and a nearby hot faucet until the
water is no longer hot.
6. Open the water heater drain valve and allow all the
water to drain from the tank. Flush the tank with
water as needed to remove sediment.
7. Close the drain valve, refill the tank, and restart the
heater as directed under “Operating Your Water
Heater”.
If the water heater is going to be shut down for an extended
period, the drain valve should be left open.
IMPORTANT: Condensation may occur when refilling the
tank and should not be confused with a tank leak.
Routine Preventive
Maintenance
At least annually, a visual inspection should be made of
the venting and air supply system, piping systems, main
burner, and flame sense/hot surface igniter. Check the
water heater for the following:
•
Obstructions, damage, or deterioration in the venting
system. Make sure the ventilation and combustion air
supplies are not obstructed.
• Build up of soot and carbon on the main burner and
pilot burner. Check for a soft blue flame.
• Leaking or damaged water and gas piping.
• Presence of flammable or corrosive materials in the
installation area.
• Presence of combustible materials near the water
heater.
• Verify proper operation after servicing this water
heater.
IMPORTANT: If you lack the necessary skills required
to properly perform this visual inspection, you should not
proceed, but get help from a qualified person.
20
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Do not plug valve.
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
Manually operate the temperature and pressure relief valve
at least once a year to make sure it is working properly
(see Figure 19.) To prevent water damage, the valve must
be properly connected
Figure 19
to a discharge line
Temperature & Pressure Relief Valve
which terminates at
Temperature and Pressure
an adequate drain.
Relief Valve
Manual Relief
Standing clear of the
Valve
outlet (discharged
water may be hot),
slowly lift and release
the lever handle on
the temperature and
pressure relief valve
Discharge line to drain
to allow the valve to
operate freely and
return to its closed position. If the valve fails to completely
reset and continues to release water, immediately shut off
the manual gas shut-off valve and the cold water inlet valve
and call a qualified person.
Replacement Parts
Replacement parts may be ordered through your
plumber or the local distributor. Parts will be shipped at
prevailing prices and billed accordingly. When ordering
replacement parts, always have the following information
ready:
1. model, serial, and product number
2. type of gas
1. Take off the burner by removing the two (2) screws
located underneath the burner.
2. Check the burner to see if it is dirty or clogged. The
burner may be cleaned with soap and hot water.
See Figure 21.
FIGURE 21
Natural & L.P. Gas Burner Assembly
3. item number
4. parts description
See “Repair Parts” section.
Removing the Burner/Manifold Assembly
1. Turn off the gas to the
water heater at the
manual gas shut-off
valve (See figure 2), and
disconnect power to the
water heater.
Removing the Burner from the
Manifold Assembly
Manifold Door Gasket
Manifold Door Assembly
Two Piece Wire
Connector
Flame Sense/Hot
Burner
Flame Sense
Surface Igniter Wire
FIGURE 20
Gas Valve/Thermostat
Hot Surface
Igniter
2. Remove the outer
door.
3. Remove the 2 screws
securing the manifold
door assembly to the
skirt.
4. Disconnect the hot
surface igniter/flame
sense wire and manifold
tube at the thermostat.
Manifold
Tube
(Figure 20) NOTE: L.P.
gas systems use reverse
(left-hand) threads on the manifold tube.
Manifold
Tube
Manifold Door Assembly
Burner
Flame Sense/Hot
Surface Igniter Wire
Manifold Tube
Viewport
Hot Surface
Igniter/Flame
Sense Connector
5. Grasp the manifold tube and push down slightly to
free the manifold from the gas control valve/
thermostat.
6. Carefully remove the manifold assembly from the
burner compartment. Be sure not to damage internal
parts.
7. Check the burner to see if it is dirty or clogged. The
burner may be cleaned with soap and hot water.
21
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
Tighten both manifold door screws
securely.
Remove any fiberglass between gasket
and combustion chamber.
Replace viewport if glass is missing or
damaged.
Replace two piece wire connector if missing
or removed.
Replace door gasket if damaged.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, explosion, or fire.
Replacing the Manifold Assembly
1. Check the door gasket for damage or imbedded debris
prior to installation.
2. Inspect the viewport for damage and replace as
required.
3. Insert the manifold assembly into the burner
compartment making sure that the manifold tab
engages the slot inside the combustion chamber.
See Figure 22.
FIGURE 22
Manifold Tab
Door Gasket
Burner
Slot
Viewport
Manifold Tab
4. Inspect the door gasket and make sure there is no
fiberglass insulation between the door gasket and the
combustion chamber.
5. Replace the two screws, which secure the manifold
assembly door to the combustion chamber and
tighten securely. Once the manifold assembly door is
tightened, visually inspect the door gasket between
the manifold assembly door and the combustion
chamber for spaces or gaps that would prevent a
seal. IMPORTANT: Do not operate the water heater if
the door gasket does not create a seal between the
manifold door and the combustion chamber.
22
6. Reconnect the manifold tubing to the thermostat. Do
not cross-thread or apply any thread sealant to the
manifold tubing.
NOTE: L.P. gas systems use reverse (left-hand) threads
on the manifold tube.
7. Reconnect the Flame Sense/Hot Surface Igniter wire
to the thermostat.
8. Turn gas supply on and refer to the Lighting
Instructions.
9. Check for leaks by brushing on an approved
noncorrosive leak detection solution. Bubbles will show
a leak. Correct any leak found.
10. Replace the outer door.
Removing and Replacing the Gas
Control Valve/Thermostat
IMPORTANT: Use only factory authorized replacement parts.
Removing the Gas Control Valve/Thermostat:
1. Set the gas control valve/thermostat to its lowest
setting by first depressing the COOLER
and
buttons together and hold for 1 second.
HOTTER
Then press the COOLER
button until the WARM
indicator light appears. (Figure 16).
2. Unplug the water heater from the wall outlet.
3. Turn off the gas at the manual shut-off valve on the
gas supply pipe (Figure 2).
4. Drain the water heater. Refer to the “Draining and
Flushing” section and follow the procedure.
5. Disconnect the flame sense/hot surface igniter wire
from the thermostat. Disconnect the manifold tube at
the thermostat (Figure 20). NOTE: L.P. gas systems
use reverse (left-hand) threads on the manifold tube.
6. Refer to “Gas Piping” (Figure 2) and disconnect the
ground joint union in the gas piping. Disconnect the
remaining pipe from the gas control valve/thermostat.
7. To remove the gas control valve/thermostat, thread a
correctly sized pipe into the inlet and use it to turn the
gas control valve/thermostat (counterclockwise.) Do not
use pipe wrench or equivalent to grip body. Damage
may result, causing leaks. Do not insert any sharp
objects into the inlet or outlet connections. Damage to
the gas control valve/thermostat may result.
Replacing the Gas Control Valve/Thermostat:
To replace the gas control valve/thermostat, reassemble
in reverse order. Use only factory authorized replacement
parts.
• Be sure to use approved Teflon® tape or pipe joint
compound on the gas piping connections and fitting
on the back of the gas control valve/thermostat that
screws into tank.
• Turn gas supply on and check for leaks. Use a
chloride-free soap and water solution (bubbles forming
indicate a leak) or other approved method.
• Be sure tank is completely filled with water before
lighting and activating the water heater. Follow the
Lighting Instructions.
• If additional information is required, contact the Service
Department at: 1-800-456-9805.
TEFLON® is a registered trademark of E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company.
TROUBLESHOOTING
LED STATUS
PROBLEM
SOLUTION
An open earth ground circuit to the ignition
system.
1. Check that the earth ground connection is
properly connected.
2. Check that the earth ground conductor on the
water heater is properly connected.
Wiring error or a high resistance to earth
ground.
1. Check for proper connection of line neutral and
hot wires.
2. Check that the water heater is securely
connected to earth ground.
Pressure switch remained closed longer than 5 1. Pressure switch wiring is incorrect.
seconds after the call for heat began.
2. Replace pressure switch.
Pressure switch remained open longer than
5 seconds after the combustion blower was
energized.
1. Pressure switch wiring is incorrect.
2. Pressure Switch tubing is not connected correctly.
3. Air intake or exhaust obstructed.
Error in the hot surface igniter circuit.
1. Check that all wiring is correct and secure.
2. Replace hot surface igniter.
System in lockout.
1. Gas supply is off or too low to operate.
2 Hot surface igniter not positioned correctly.
3. Low voltage to the water heater.
4. Electric polarity to unit is incorrect - test and correct.
Problem in the gas valve driver circuit.
1. Turn power to the water heater off for 10 seconds
and then back on.
2. Replace gas control valve.
Problem with the internal circuit.
1. Turn power to the water heater off for 10 seconds
and then back on.
2. Replace gas control valve.
Problem with the internal circuit.
1. Turn power to the water heater off for 10 seconds
and then back on.
2. Replace gas control valve.
Flame signal sensed out of proper sequence.
1. Replace gas control valve.
ECO activated.
1. Replace gas control valve.
One of the temperature adjust buttons stuck
closed.
1. Press and release each of the buttons once.
2. Replace gas control valve.
Water temperature sensor is either open or
short circuited.
1. Check that all wiring is correct and secure.
2. Replace gas control valve.
23
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
NO HOT WATER
NOT ENOUGH
HOT WATER
VENT PIPE TOO HOT
(ABOVE 170°F)
YELLOW FLAME
CONDENSATION
WATER LEAKS
LEAKING T&P
HOT WATER ODORS
(See ANODE ROD/WATER
ODOR, Section)
WATER TOO HOT
WATER HEATER SOUNDS
SIZZLING-RUMBLING
SOOTING
HEATER LIGHTS BUT
GOES OUT IN 4-5
SECONDS
24
cont.
CAUSE
Blower will not run.
A) Blower unplugged.
B) No power at outlet.
C) Thermostat defective.
D) High limit control circuit open.
E) Blower motor defective.
F) Pressure switch defective.
Thermostat problems.
A) Thermostat set too low.
B) Thermostat or ECO defective.
Others
A) Heater undersized.
B) Low gas pressure.
C) Incoming water is unusually cold.
D) Leaking hot water pipes or fixtures.
A) Defective air flow restrictor
B) Not enough dilution air to mix with flue
gases in inlet elbow.
C) Dilution air too hot for mixing with flue
gases.
D) Wrong burner orifice.
A) Dirt in burner ports.
B) Combustion air path restricted.
C) Not enough dilution air for proper
combustion.
A) Water on the floor under heater.
B) Water dripping from blower assembly.
A) Improperly sealed, hot or cold supply
connections, relief valve, drain valve or
thermostat threads.
B) Leakage from other appliances or water
lines.
C) Condensation of flue products.
A) Thermal expansion in closed water
system.
B) Improperly seated valve.
A) High sulfate or mineral content in water
supply.
B) Bacteria in water supply.
A) Thermostat set too high.
A) Condensation dripping on burner.
B) Sediment at bottom of heater tank.
A) Improper combustion.
A) Outlet polarity is reversed.
SOLUTION
Plug blower back into 115 VAC. outlet.
Repair service to outlet.
Replace thermostat.
Replace ECO.
Replace Blower Assembly.
Replace Pressure Switch/Blower Assembly.
Set temperature control higher.
Replace thermostat or ECO as required.
Reduce hot water use.
Contact dealer.
Allow more time for heater to reheat.
Have plumber check and repair leaks.
Take unit out of service immediately, call a qualified
person to service the unit.
Proper dilution air must be provided for combustion
and dilution of flue temp. See “Combustion Air
Supply/Vent Pipe System”, section.
Supply air is too hot. Check for heat sources around
intake terminal and blockage of dilution air leg.
Install correct orifice.
Turn off heater and gas, clean burner head.
Check intake venting arrangements for obstructions.
Check intake venting arrangements for obstructions.
See “OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS”, section.
Provide drip “TEE” to catch condensation from
horizontal section of exhaust vent close to blower
assembly.
Tighten threaded connections.
Inspect other appliances near water heater.
See “OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS”, section.
Install thermal expansion tank (DO NOT plug T&P
valve).
Check relief valve for proper operation (DO NOT
plug T&P valve).
Drain and flush heater thoroughly then refill.
Chlorinate water supply.
See “WATER TEMPERATURE REGULATION”,
section.
See “OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS”, section.
See “MAINTENANCE OF YOUR WATER HEATER”,
section.
See “Combustion Air Supply/Vent Pipe System”,
section.
Test polarity and correct.
REPAIR PARTS ILLUSTRATION
When ordering repair parts always give the following
information:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Model, serial and product number
Type of gas
Item number
Parts description
1
Repair Parts List
Item
No.
Parts Description
1
Blower
2
Pressure Switch (Not Pictured)
3
Flue Baffle
4
Heat Trap (Cold)
5
Heat Trap (Hot)
6
Cold Water Dip Tube
7
Anode Rod*
8
Temperature and Pressure Valve
9
Drain Valve
10
Gas Control Valve/Thermostat
11
Hot Surface Igniter (HSI)**
12
Natural Gas Burner
13
L.P. Gas Burner**
14
Manifold Door Assembly - Natural Gas
15
Manifold Door Assembly - L.P. Gas**
16
Two Piece Wire Connector w/Retainer Clip**
17
Manifold Door Gasket**
18
Viewport Assembly**
19
Outer Door
* Special anode rod available, see “Anode Rod/Water Odor” section.
** Pictured on next page.
5
4
3
8
6
7
10
9
14
12
19
25
Listed Parts Kits and Illustrations
Item 11:
Item 12:
Item 13:
Item 14:
Item 15:
Item 16:
Item 17:
Item 18:
Flame Sense/Hot Surface Igniter Assembly.
Burner (Natural Gas)
Burner (L.P. Gas)
Manifold door assembly which contains the manifold tube, gasket, manifold door, two piece wire connector
with retainer clip, and flame sense/hot surface igniter assembly. (Natural Gas)
Manifold door assembly which contains the manifold tube, gasket, manifold door, two piece wire connector
with retainer clip, and flame sense/hot surface igniter assembly. (L.P. Gas)
Contains two piece wire connector with retainer clip.
Contains manifold door gasket.
Contains viewport.
ITEM 12
ITEM 11
ITEM 15
ITEM 14
ITEM 16
ITEM 17
© 2007 American Water Heater Company, All Rights Reserved. Printed in the U.S.
26
ITEM 13
ITEM 18