AudioCodes MEDIAPACK VERSION 6.2 User`s manual

MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
Version 4.6
Document #: LTRT-65405
Notice
This document describes the AudioCodes MediaPack series Voice over IP (VoIP) gateways.
Information contained in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable at the time of printing.
However, due to ongoing product improvements and revisions, AudioCodes cannot guarantee
accuracy of printed material after the Date Published nor can it accept responsibility for errors or
omissions. Updates to this document and other documents can be viewed by registered Technical
Support customers at www.audiocodes.com under Support / Product Documentation.
© Copyright 2005 AudioCodes Ltd. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to change without notice.
Date Published: Jul-13-2005
Date Printed: Jul-27-2005
MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
Contents
Table of Contents
1
Overview ....................................................................................................................17
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2
Introduction .....................................................................................................................................17
Gateway Description.......................................................................................................................17
SIP Overview ..................................................................................................................................18
MediaPack Features.......................................................................................................................19
1.4.1 General Features ....................................................................................................................19
1.4.2 MP-1xx Hardware Features ....................................................................................................19
1.4.3 MP-11x Hardware Features....................................................................................................19
1.4.4 SIP Features ...........................................................................................................................20
MediaPack Physical Description..............................................................................23
2.1
MP-1xx Physical Description ..........................................................................................................23
2.1.1 MP-1xx Front Panel ................................................................................................................23
2.1.1.1 MP-1xx Front Panel Buttons.........................................................................................24
2.1.1.2 MP-1xx Front Panel LEDs ............................................................................................24
2.1.2 MP-1xx Rear Panel.................................................................................................................25
2.1.2.1 MP-10x Rear Panel ......................................................................................................25
2.1.2.2 MP-124 Rear Panel ......................................................................................................26
2.2 MP-11x Physical Description..........................................................................................................27
2.2.1 MP-11x Front Panel ................................................................................................................27
2.2.2 MP-11x Rear Panel.................................................................................................................28
3
Installing the MediaPack...........................................................................................29
3.1
Installing the MP-1xx ......................................................................................................................29
3.1.1 Unpacking ...............................................................................................................................29
3.1.1.1 Package Contents ........................................................................................................29
3.1.2 Mounting the MP-1xx ..............................................................................................................30
3.1.2.1 Mounting the MP-1xx on a Desktop .............................................................................30
3.1.2.2 Installing the MP-10x in a 19-inch Rack .......................................................................30
3.1.2.3 Installing the MP-124 in a 19-inch Rack .......................................................................31
3.1.2.4 Mounting the MP-10x on a Wall ...................................................................................32
3.1.3 Cabling the MP-1xx.................................................................................................................33
3.1.3.1 Connecting the MP-1xx RS-232 Port to Your PC.........................................................35
3.1.3.2 Cabling the Lifeline Phone............................................................................................35
3.2 Installing the MP-11x ......................................................................................................................38
3.2.1 Unpacking ...............................................................................................................................38
3.2.2 Package Contents...................................................................................................................38
3.2.3 19-inch Rack Installation Package..........................................................................................39
3.2.4 Mounting the MP-11x..............................................................................................................39
3.2.4.1 Mounting the MP-11x on a Desktop .............................................................................40
3.2.4.2 Mounting the MP-11x on a Wall ...................................................................................40
3.2.4.3 Installing the MP-11x in a 19-inch Rack .......................................................................40
3.2.5 Cabling the MP-11x ................................................................................................................41
3.2.5.1 Connecting the MP-11x RS-232 Port to Your PC ........................................................41
3.2.5.2 Cabling the MP-11x Lifeline..........................................................................................42
4
Getting Started...........................................................................................................43
4.1
4.2
Configuration Concepts ..................................................................................................................43
Assigning the MediaPack IP Address.............................................................................................43
4.2.1 Assigning an IP Address Using HTTP ....................................................................................44
4.2.2 Assigning an IP Address Using BootP....................................................................................44
4.3 Configure the MediaPack Basic Parameters..................................................................................45
5
Configuring the MediaPack ......................................................................................47
5.1
5.2
Computer Requirements.................................................................................................................47
Protection and Security Mechanisms .............................................................................................47
5.2.1 Dual Access Level Username and Password.........................................................................47
5.2.2 Limiting the Embedded Web Server to Read-Only Mode.......................................................48
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5.2.3 Disabling the Embedded Web Server.....................................................................................48
Accessing the Embedded Web Server...........................................................................................48
5.3.1 Using Internet Explorer to Access the Embedded Web Server..............................................49
5.4 Getting Acquainted with the Web Interface ....................................................................................49
5.4.1 Main Menu Bar........................................................................................................................50
5.4.2 Saving Changes......................................................................................................................50
5.4.3 Entering Phone Numbers in Various Tables...........................................................................50
5.5 Protocol Management.....................................................................................................................51
5.5.1 Protocol Definition Parameters ...............................................................................................51
5.5.1.1 General Parameters .....................................................................................................51
5.5.1.2 Proxy & Registration Parameters .................................................................................56
5.5.1.3 Coders ..........................................................................................................................61
5.5.1.4 DTMF & Dialing Parameters.........................................................................................63
5.5.2 Configuring the Advanced Parameters...................................................................................66
5.5.2.1 General Parameters .....................................................................................................66
5.5.2.2 Supplementary Services...............................................................................................71
5.5.2.3 Keypad Features ..........................................................................................................74
5.5.3 Configuring the Number Manipulation Tables ........................................................................76
5.5.3.1 Dialing Plan Notation ....................................................................................................79
5.5.4 Configuring the Routing Tables ..............................................................................................81
5.5.4.1 General Parameters .....................................................................................................81
5.5.4.2 Tel to IP Routing Table .................................................................................................83
5.5.4.3 IP to Hunt Group Routing .............................................................................................86
5.5.4.4 Internal DNS Table .......................................................................................................88
5.5.4.5 Reasons for Alternative Routing...................................................................................89
5.5.5 Configuring the Profile Definitions ..........................................................................................91
5.5.5.1 Coder Group Settings ...................................................................................................91
5.5.5.2 Tel Profile Settings........................................................................................................93
5.5.5.3 IP Profile Settings .........................................................................................................95
5.5.6 Configuring the Endpoint Phone Numbers .............................................................................97
5.5.7 Configuring the Hunt Group Settings......................................................................................99
5.5.8 Configuring the Endpoint Settings ........................................................................................101
5.5.8.1 Authentication .............................................................................................................101
5.5.8.2 Automatic Dialing........................................................................................................102
5.5.8.3 Caller ID ......................................................................................................................103
5.5.8.4 Generate Caller ID to Tel............................................................................................104
5.5.8.5 Call Forward ...............................................................................................................105
5.5.9 Configuring the FXO Parameters..........................................................................................107
5.5.10 Configuring the Voice Mail (VM) Parameters .......................................................................109
5.5.11 Protocol Management ini File Parameters............................................................................111
5.6 Advanced Configuration ...............................................................................................................114
5.6.1 Configuring the Network Settings .........................................................................................114
5.6.1.1 Configuring the IP Settings .........................................................................................114
5.6.1.2 Configuring the Application Settings...........................................................................117
5.6.1.3 Configuring the SNMP Managers Table.....................................................................119
5.6.1.4 Configuring the Web and Telnet Access List..............................................................120
5.6.1.5 Configuring the RTP Settings .....................................................................................121
5.6.1.6 Configuring the IP Routing Table ...............................................................................123
5.6.1.7 Viewing the Ethernet Port Information........................................................................124
5.6.1.8 Configuring the VLAN Settings...................................................................................125
5.6.1.9 Configuring the Security Settings (MP-11x Only) .......................................................127
5.6.1.10 Advanced Configuration ini File Parameters ..............................................................128
5.6.1.11 Automatic Updates Parameters..................................................................................132
5.6.1.12 SNMP ini File Parameters ..........................................................................................133
5.6.2 Configuring the Channel Settings .........................................................................................134
5.6.2.1 Configuring the Voice Settings ...................................................................................134
5.6.2.2 Configuring the Fax / Modem / CID Settings ..............................................................136
5.6.2.3 Configuring the RTP Settings .....................................................................................139
5.6.2.4 Configuring the Hook-Flash Settings..........................................................................141
5.6.2.5 Channel Settings ini File Parameters .........................................................................141
5.6.3 Restoring and Backing up the Gateway Configuration.........................................................144
5.6.4 Regional Settings..................................................................................................................145
5.3
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5.6.5 Changing the MediaPack Username and Password ............................................................146
Status & Diagnostics.....................................................................................................................147
5.7.1 Gateway Statistics ................................................................................................................147
5.7.1.1 IP Connectivity............................................................................................................147
5.7.1.2 Call Counters ..............................................................................................................148
5.7.1.3 Call Routing Status .....................................................................................................150
5.7.2 Monitoring the MediaPack Channels ....................................................................................151
5.7.3 Activating the Internal Syslog Viewer ...................................................................................153
5.7.4 Device Information ................................................................................................................154
5.8 Software Update ...........................................................................................................................155
5.8.1 Software Upgrade Wizard.....................................................................................................155
5.8.2 Auxiliary Files ........................................................................................................................159
5.8.2.1 Loading the Auxiliary Files via the ini File...................................................................160
5.9 Save Configuration .......................................................................................................................161
5.10 Resetting the MediaPack..............................................................................................................162
5.7
6
ini File Configuration of the MediaPack ................................................................ 163
6.1
6.2
6.3
7
Using BootP / DHCP................................................................................................ 165
7.1
7.2
7.3
8
Secured ini File .............................................................................................................................163
Modifying an ini File ......................................................................................................................163
The ini File Structure.....................................................................................................................164
6.3.1 The ini File Structure Rules...................................................................................................164
6.3.2 The ini File Example .............................................................................................................164
BootP/DHCP Server Parameters .................................................................................................165
Using DHCP .................................................................................................................................165
Using BootP..................................................................................................................................166
7.3.1 Upgrading the MediaPack.....................................................................................................166
7.3.2 Vendor Specific Information Field .........................................................................................167
Telephony Capabilities ........................................................................................... 169
8.1
Working with Supplementary Services .........................................................................................169
8.1.1 Call Hold and Retrieve ..........................................................................................................169
8.1.1.1 Initiating Hold/Retrieve................................................................................................169
8.1.1.2 Receiving Hold / Retrieve ...........................................................................................169
8.1.2 Consultation / Alternate.........................................................................................................169
8.1.3 Call Transfer..........................................................................................................................170
8.1.4 Call Forward..........................................................................................................................170
8.1.5 Call Waiting ...........................................................................................................................171
8.1.6 Message Waiting Indication ..................................................................................................171
8.2 Configuring the DTMF Transport Types .......................................................................................173
8.3 Fax & Modem Transport Modes ...................................................................................................176
8.3.1 Fax/Modem Settings .............................................................................................................176
8.3.2 Configuring Fax Relay Mode ................................................................................................176
8.3.3 Configuring Fax/Modem Bypass Mode.................................................................................176
8.3.4 Supporting V.34 Faxes .........................................................................................................177
8.3.4.1 Using Bypass Mechanism for V.34 Fax Transmission ...............................................177
8.3.4.2 Using Relay mode for both T.30 and V.34 faxes........................................................177
8.4 Call Termination on MediaPack/FXO ...........................................................................................177
8.5 ThroughPacket™..........................................................................................................................178
8.6 Dynamic Jitter Buffer Operation ...................................................................................................178
8.7 Configuring the Gateway’s Alternative Routing (based on Connectivity and QoS)......................179
8.7.1 Alternative Routing Mechanism ............................................................................................179
8.7.2 Determining the Availability of Destination IP Addresses.....................................................180
8.7.3 Relevant Parameters ............................................................................................................180
8.8 Mapping PSTN Release Cause to SIP Response .......................................................................180
8.9 Call Detail Report..........................................................................................................................181
8.10 Proxy or Registrar Registration Example .....................................................................................182
8.11 Configuration Examples................................................................................................................183
8.11.1 Establishing a Call between Two Gateways.........................................................................183
8.11.2 SIP Call Flow.........................................................................................................................184
8.11.3 SIP Authentication Example .................................................................................................187
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8.11.4 Remote IP Extension between FXO and FXS ......................................................................189
8.11.4.1 Dialing from Remote Extension ..................................................................................189
8.11.4.2 Dialing from other PBX line, or from PSTN ................................................................190
8.11.4.3 FXS MediaPack Configuration (using the Embedded Web Server)...........................190
8.11.4.4 FXO MediaPack Configuration (using the Embedded Web Server) ..........................191
9
Networking Capabilities.......................................................................................... 193
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
Ethernet Interface Configuration...................................................................................................193
NAT (Network Address Translation) Support ...............................................................................193
Robust Reception of RTP Streams ..............................................................................................194
Multiple Routers Support ..............................................................................................................194
Simple Network Time Protocol Support........................................................................................194
VLANS and Multiple IPs ...............................................................................................................196
9.6.1 Multiple IPs............................................................................................................................196
9.6.2 IEEE 802.1p/Q (VLANs and Priority) ....................................................................................196
9.6.2.1 Operation ....................................................................................................................197
9.6.3 Getting Started with VLANS and Multiple IPs.......................................................................197
9.6.3.1 Integrating Using the Embedded Web Server ............................................................198
9.6.3.2 Integrating Using the ini File .......................................................................................200
10 Advanced System Capabilities .............................................................................. 201
10.1 Restoring Networking Parameters to their Initial State.................................................................201
10.2 Establishing a Serial Communications Link with the MediaPack .................................................201
10.3 Automatic Update Mechanism......................................................................................................202
10.4 Startup Process ............................................................................................................................204
10.5 Customizing the MediaPack Web Interface..................................................................................206
10.5.1 Replacing the Main Corporate Logo .....................................................................................206
10.5.1.1 Replacing the Main Corporate Logo with an Image File ............................................206
10.5.1.2 Replacing the Main Corporate Logo with a Text String..............................................208
10.5.2 Replacing the Background Image File..................................................................................208
10.5.3 Customizing the Product Name ............................................................................................209
10.5.4 Modifying ini File Parameters via the Web AdminPage........................................................210
11 Special Applications ............................................................................................... 211
11.1 Metering Tones Relay...................................................................................................................211
12 Security (MP-11x Only) ........................................................................................... 213
12.1 SSL/TLS (MP-11x Only) ...............................................................................................................213
12.1.1 SIP Over TLS (SIPS) ............................................................................................................213
12.1.2 Embedded Web Server Configuration ..................................................................................213
12.1.2.1 Using the Secured Embedded Web Server................................................................214
12.1.3 Secured Telnet......................................................................................................................214
12.1.4 Server Certificate Replacement ............................................................................................214
12.1.5 Client Certificates..................................................................................................................216
12.2 RADIUS Login Authentication (MP-11x Only) ..............................................................................217
12.2.1 Setting Up a RADIUS Server ................................................................................................217
12.2.2 Configuring RADIUS Support ...............................................................................................218
12.3 Network Port Usage......................................................................................................................219
12.4 Recommended Practices..............................................................................................................219
12.5 Legal Notice..................................................................................................................................220
13 Diagnostics .............................................................................................................. 221
13.1 Self-Testing...................................................................................................................................221
13.2 Syslog Support .............................................................................................................................222
13.2.1 Syslog Servers ......................................................................................................................222
13.2.2 Operation ..............................................................................................................................222
14 Embedded Command Line Interface ..................................................................... 223
14.1 Accessing the CLI.........................................................................................................................223
14.2 Using the CLI ................................................................................................................................224
14.2.1 Changing the Networking Parameters..................................................................................225
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15 SNMP-Based Management ..................................................................................... 227
15.1 About SNMP .................................................................................................................................227
15.1.1 SNMP Message Standard ....................................................................................................227
15.1.2 SNMP MIB Objects ...............................................................................................................228
15.1.3 SNMP Extensibility Feature ..................................................................................................228
15.2 Carrier Grade Alarm System ........................................................................................................229
15.2.1 Active Alarm Table................................................................................................................229
15.2.2 Alarm History.........................................................................................................................229
15.3 Cold Start Trap .............................................................................................................................229
15.4 Third-Party Performance Monitoring Measurements ...................................................................230
15.5 Supported MIBs ............................................................................................................................231
15.6 Traps.............................................................................................................................................232
15.7 SNMP Interface Details ................................................................................................................233
15.7.1 SNMP Community Names ....................................................................................................233
15.7.1.1 Configuration of Community Strings via the ini File....................................................233
15.7.1.2 Configuration of Community Strings via SNMP..........................................................233
15.7.2 Trusted Managers.................................................................................................................235
15.7.2.1 Configuration of Trusted Managers via ini File ...........................................................235
15.7.2.2 Configuration of Trusted Managers via SNMP ...........................................................235
15.7.3 SNMP Ports ..........................................................................................................................236
15.7.4 Multiple SNMP Trap Destinations .........................................................................................236
15.7.4.1 Trap Manger Configuration via Host Name ................................................................236
15.7.4.2 Trap Managers Configuration via the ini File..............................................................237
15.7.4.3 Trap Mangers Configuration via SNMP......................................................................237
15.8 SNMP Manager Backward Compatibility......................................................................................239
15.9 AudioCodes’ Element Management System ................................................................................239
16 Configuration Files.................................................................................................. 241
16.1 Configuring the Call Progress Tones and Distinctive Ringing File...............................................241
16.1.1 Format of the Call Progress Tones Section in the ini File ....................................................241
16.1.2 Format of the Distinctive Ringing Section in the ini File .......................................................243
16.1.2.1 Examples of Various Ringing Signals.........................................................................245
16.2 Prerecorded Tones (PRT) File .....................................................................................................246
16.2.1 PRT File Format....................................................................................................................246
16.3 The Coefficient Configuration File ................................................................................................247
17 Selected Technical Specifications ......................................................................... 249
17.1 MP-1xx Specifications ..................................................................................................................249
17.2 MP-11x Specifications ..................................................................................................................251
Appendix A
MediaPack SIP Software Kit................................................................. 255
Appendix B
The BootP/TFTP Configuration Utility................................................. 257
B.1 When to Use the BootP/TFTP ......................................................................................................257
B.2 An Overview of BootP...................................................................................................................257
B.3 Key Features ................................................................................................................................257
B.4 Specifications................................................................................................................................258
B.5 Installation.....................................................................................................................................258
B.6 Loading the cmp File, Booting the Device ....................................................................................258
B.7 BootP/TFTP Application User Interface........................................................................................259
B.8 Function Buttons on the Main Screen ..........................................................................................259
B.9 Log Window ..................................................................................................................................260
B.10 Setting the Preferences ................................................................................................................261
B.10.1 BootP Preferences................................................................................................................261
B.10.2 TFTP Preferences.................................................................................................................262
B.11 Configuring the BootP Clients ......................................................................................................263
B.11.1 Adding Clients .......................................................................................................................263
B.11.2 Deleting Clients .....................................................................................................................264
B.11.3 Editing Client Parameters .....................................................................................................264
B.11.4 Testing the Client ..................................................................................................................264
B.11.5 Setting Client Parameters .....................................................................................................265
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B.11.6 Using Command Line Switches ............................................................................................266
B.12 Managing Client Templates..........................................................................................................267
Appendix C
C.1
C.2
C.3
RTP/RTCP Payload Types and Port Allocation .................................. 269
Packet Types Defined in RFC 3551 .............................................................................................269
Defined Payload Types.................................................................................................................269
Default RTP/RTCP/T.38 Port Allocation.......................................................................................270
Appendix D
Accessory Programs and Tools .......................................................... 271
D.1 TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility................................................................................271
D.1.1 Converting a CPT ini File to a Binary dat File.......................................................................272
D.1.2 Encoding / Decoding an ini File ............................................................................................273
D.1.3 Creating a Loadable Prerecorded Tones File.......................................................................274
D.2 Call Progress Tones Wizard .........................................................................................................276
D.2.1 About the Call Progress Tones Wizard.................................................................................276
D.2.2 Installation .............................................................................................................................276
D.2.3 Initial Settings........................................................................................................................276
D.2.4 Recording Screen – Automatic Mode ...................................................................................277
D.2.5 Recording Screen – Manual Mode .......................................................................................279
D.2.6 The Call Progress Tones ini File...........................................................................................279
Appendix E
SNMP Traps........................................................................................... 281
E.1 Alarm Traps ..................................................................................................................................281
E.1.1 Component: Board#<n>........................................................................................................281
E.1.2 Component: AlarmManager#0..............................................................................................283
E.1.3 Component: EthernetLink#0 .................................................................................................283
E.1.4 Log Traps (Notifications).......................................................................................................284
E.1.5 Other Traps ...........................................................................................................................285
E.1.6 Trap Varbinds........................................................................................................................285
Appendix F
F.1
F.2
F.3
F.4
Regulatory Information ........................................................................ 287
MP-1xx FXS..................................................................................................................................287
MP-1xx FXO .................................................................................................................................288
MP-124 .........................................................................................................................................290
MP-11x FXS .................................................................................................................................292
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List of Figures
Figure 1-1: Typical MediaPack VoIP Application .............................................................................................18
Figure 2-1: MP-108 Front Panel .......................................................................................................................23
Figure 2-2: MP-124 Front Panel .......................................................................................................................23
Figure 2-3: MP-104/FXS Rear Panel Connectors ............................................................................................25
Figure 2-4: MP-124 (FXS) Rear Panel Connectors..........................................................................................26
Figure 2-5: MP-118 Front Panel Connectors ...................................................................................................27
Figure 2-6: MP-118 Rear Panel Connectors ....................................................................................................28
Figure 3-1: Desktop or Shelf Mounting.............................................................................................................30
Figure 3-2: MP-108 with Brackets for Rack Installation ...................................................................................31
Figure 3-3: MP-124 with Brackets for Rack Installation ...................................................................................32
Figure 3-4: MP-102 Wall Mount........................................................................................................................32
Figure 3-5: RJ-45 Ethernet Connector Pinout ..................................................................................................33
Figure 3-6: RJ-11 Phone Connector Pinout .....................................................................................................34
Figure 3-7: 50-pin Telco Connector (MP-124/FXS only) ..................................................................................34
Figure 3-8: MP-124 in a 19-inch Rack with MDF Adaptor................................................................................34
Figure 3-9: MP-1xx RS-232 Cable Wiring ........................................................................................................35
Figure 3-10: Lifeline Splitter Pinout & RJ-11 Connector for MP-10x/FXS........................................................36
Figure 3-11: MP-104/FXS Lifeline Setup..........................................................................................................36
Figure 3-12: 19-inch Rack Shelf .......................................................................................................................39
Figure 3-13: View of the MP-11x Base.............................................................................................................39
Figure 3-14: MP-11x Rack Mount.....................................................................................................................40
Figure 3-15: RJ-45 Ethernet Connector Pinout ................................................................................................41
Figure 3-16: RJ-11 Phone Connector Pinout ...................................................................................................41
Figure 3-17: PS/2 Pinout ..................................................................................................................................41
Figure 3-18: Lifeline Splitter Pinout & RJ-11 Connector...................................................................................42
Figure 4-1: Quick Setup Screen .......................................................................................................................45
Figure 5-1: Embedded Web Server Login Screen ...........................................................................................48
Figure 5-2: MediaPack Web Interface ..............................................................................................................49
Figure 5-3: Protocol Definition, General Parameters Screen ...........................................................................51
Figure 5-4: Proxy & Registration Parameters Screen ......................................................................................56
Figure 5-5: Coders Screen ...............................................................................................................................61
Figure 5-6: DTMF & Dialing Parameters Screen..............................................................................................63
Figure 5-7: Advanced Parameters, General Parameters Screen ....................................................................66
Figure 5-8: Supplementary Services Parameters Screen ................................................................................71
Figure 5-9: Keypad Features Screen ...............................................................................................................74
Figure 5-10: Source Phone Number Manipulation Table for TelÆIP calls ......................................................76
Figure 5-11: Routing Tables, General Parameters Screen ..............................................................................81
Figure 5-12: Tel to IP Routing Table Screen....................................................................................................84
Figure 5-13: IP to Hunt Group Routing Table Screen ......................................................................................86
Figure 5-14: Internal DNS Table Screen ..........................................................................................................88
Figure 5-15: Reasons for Alternative Routing Screen......................................................................................89
Figure 5-16: Coder Group Settings Screen ......................................................................................................91
Figure 5-17: Tel Profile Settings Screen...........................................................................................................93
Figure 5-18: IP Profile Settings Screen ............................................................................................................95
Figure 5-19: Endpoint Phone Number Table Screen .......................................................................................97
Figure 5-20: Hunt Group Settings screen.........................................................................................................99
Figure 5-21: Authentication Screen ................................................................................................................101
Figure 5-22: Automatic Dialing Table Screen.................................................................................................102
Figure 5-23: Caller Display Information Screen .............................................................................................103
Figure 5-24: MediaPack FXS Generate Caller ID to Tel Screen....................................................................104
Figure 5-25: Call Forwarding Table Screen ...................................................................................................105
Figure 5-26: FXO Settings Screen .................................................................................................................107
Figure 5-27: Voice Mail Screen ......................................................................................................................109
Figure 5-28: IP Settings Screen .....................................................................................................................114
Figure 5-29: Application Settings Screen .......................................................................................................117
Figure 5-30: SNMP Managers Table Screen .................................................................................................119
Figure 5-31: Web & Telnet Access List Screen..............................................................................................120
Figure 5-32: RTP Settings Screen..................................................................................................................121
Figure 5-33: Ethernet Port Information Screen ..............................................................................................124
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Figure 5-34: VLAN Settings Screen ...............................................................................................................125
Figure 5-35: Security Settings Screen............................................................................................................127
Figure 5-36: Voice Settings Screen................................................................................................................134
Figure 5-37: Fax / Modem / CID Settings Screen ..........................................................................................136
Figure 5-38: RTP Settings Screen..................................................................................................................139
Figure 5-39: Hook-Flash Settings Screen ......................................................................................................141
Figure 5-40: Configuration File Screen...........................................................................................................144
Figure 5-41: Regional Settings Screen...........................................................................................................145
Figure 5-42: Change Password Screen .........................................................................................................146
Figure 5-43: IP Connectivity Screen...............................................................................................................147
Figure 5-44: TelÆIP Call Counters Screen ....................................................................................................149
Figure 5-45: Call Routing Status Screen ........................................................................................................150
Figure 5-46: MediaPack/FXS Channel Status Screen ...................................................................................151
Figure 5-47: Channel Status Details Screen ..................................................................................................152
Figure 5-48: Message Log Screen .................................................................................................................153
Figure 5-49: Device Information Screen.........................................................................................................154
Figure 5-50: Start Software Upgrade Screen .................................................................................................155
Figure 5-51: Load a cmp File Screen .............................................................................................................156
Figure 5-52: cmp File Successfully Loaded into the MediaPack Notification.................................................156
Figure 5-53: Load an ini File Screen ..............................................................................................................157
Figure 5-54: Load a CPT File Screen.............................................................................................................158
Figure 5-55: FINISH Screen ...........................................................................................................................158
Figure 5-56: ‘End Process’ Screen.................................................................................................................159
Figure 5-57: Auxiliary Files Screen.................................................................................................................160
Figure 5-58: Save Configuration Screen ........................................................................................................161
Figure 5-59: Reset Screen .............................................................................................................................162
Figure 6-1: ini File Structure ...........................................................................................................................164
Figure 6-2: SIP ini File Example .....................................................................................................................164
Figure 8-1: SIP Call Flow................................................................................................................................184
Figure 8-2: MediaPack FXS & FXO Remote IP Extension.............................................................................189
Figure 9-1: NAT Functioning ..........................................................................................................................193
Figure 9-2: Example of the VLAN Settings Screen ........................................................................................198
Figure 9-3: Example of the IP Settings Screen ..............................................................................................199
Figure 9-4: Example of the IP Routing Table Screen.....................................................................................199
Figure 9-5: Example of VLAN and Multiple IPs ini File Parameters...............................................................200
Figure 10-1: RS-232 Status and Error Messages ..........................................................................................202
Figure 10-2: Example of an ini File Activating the Automatic Update Mechanism.........................................203
Figure 10-3: MediaPack Startup Process.......................................................................................................205
Figure 10-4: User-Customizable Web Interface Title Bar...............................................................................206
Figure 10-5: Customized Web Interface Title Bar ..........................................................................................206
Figure 10-6: Image Download Screen............................................................................................................207
Figure 10-7: INI Parameters Screen...............................................................................................................210
Figure 11-1: Metering Tone Relay Architecture .............................................................................................211
Figure 11-2: Proprietary INFO Message for Relaying Metering Tones..........................................................211
Figure 12-1: Example of a Host File ...............................................................................................................214
Figure 12-2: Certificate Signing Request Screen ...........................................................................................215
Figure 12-3: Example of a Base64-Encoded X.509 Certificate......................................................................215
Figure 12-4: Example of the File clients.conf (FreeRADIUS Client Configuration) ........................................217
Figure 12-5: Example of a User Configuration File for FreeRADIUS Using a Plain-Text Password .............217
Figure 14-1: Embedded Web Server CLI Screen...........................................................................................223
Figure 15-1: Example of Entries in a Device ini file Regarding SNMP...........................................................237
Figure 16-1: Call Progress Tone Types..........................................................................................................242
Figure 16-2: Defining a Dial Tone Example....................................................................................................243
Figure 16-3: Examples of Various Ringing Signals ........................................................................................245
Figure B-1: Main Screen.................................................................................................................................259
Figure B-2: Reset Screen ...............................................................................................................................259
Figure B-3: Preferences Screen .....................................................................................................................261
Figure B-4: Client Configuration Screen.........................................................................................................263
Figure B-5: Templates Screen........................................................................................................................267
Figure D-1: TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility Opening Screen ...................................................271
Figure D-2: Call Progress Tones Conversion Screen ....................................................................................272
Figure D-3: Encode/Decode ini File(s) Screen...............................................................................................273
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Figure D-4: Prerecorded Tones Screen .........................................................................................................274
Figure D-5: File Data Window ........................................................................................................................275
Figure D-6: Initial Settings Screen..................................................................................................................276
Figure D-7: Recording Screen –Automatic Mode...........................................................................................277
Figure D-8: Recording Screen after Automatic Detection ..............................................................................278
Figure D-9: Recording Screen - Manual Mode...............................................................................................279
Figure D-10: Call Progress Tone Properties ..................................................................................................280
Figure D-11: Call Progress Tone Database Matches.....................................................................................280
Figure D-12: Full PBX/Country Database Match............................................................................................280
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List of Tables
Table 2-1: Front Panel Buttons on the MP-1xx ................................................................................................24
Table 2-2: Indicator LEDs on the MP-1xx Front Panel.....................................................................................24
Table 2-3: MP-10x Rear Panel Component Descriptions ................................................................................25
Table 2-4: Indicator LEDs on the MP-10x Rear Panel .....................................................................................25
Table 2-5: MP-124 Rear Panel Component Descriptions ................................................................................26
Table 2-6: Indicator LEDs on the MP-124 Rear Panel .....................................................................................26
Table 2-7: Definition of MP-11x Front Panel LED Indicators............................................................................27
Table 2-8: MP-11x Rear Panel Component Descriptions ................................................................................28
Table 3-1: Cables and Cabling Procedure .......................................................................................................33
Table 3-2: Pin Allocation in the 50-pin Telco Connector ..................................................................................35
Table 3-3: MP-104/FXS Lifeline Setup Component Descriptions ....................................................................37
Table 3-4: View of the MP-11x Base ................................................................................................................39
Table 3-5: MP-11x Rack Mount........................................................................................................................40
Table 3-6: Cables and Cabling Procedure .......................................................................................................41
Table 4-1: MediaPack Default Networking Parameters ...................................................................................43
Table 5-1: Protocol Definition, General Parameters (continues on pages 52 to 55)........................................52
Table 5-2: Proxy & Registration Parameters (continues on pages 57 to 60) ...................................................57
Table 5-3: ini File Coder Parameter .................................................................................................................62
Table 5-4: DTMF & Dialing Parameters (continues on pages 63 to 65) ..........................................................63
Table 5-5: Advanced Parameters, General Parameters (continues on pages 67 to 70) .................................67
Table 5-6: Supplementary Services Parameters (continues on pages 72 to 74).............................................72
Table 5-7: Keypad Features Parameters .........................................................................................................75
Table 5-8: Number Manipulation Parameters ..................................................................................................77
Table 5-9: Number Manipulation ini File Parameters (continues on pages 78 to 79) ......................................78
Table 5-10: Routing Tables, General Parameters (continues on pages 81 to 82)...........................................81
Table 5-11: Tel to IP Routing Table..................................................................................................................84
Table 5-12: IP to Hunt Group Routing Table....................................................................................................87
Table 5-13: Internal DNS ini File Parameter ....................................................................................................88
Table 5-14: Reasons for Alternative Routing ini File Parameter ......................................................................90
Table 5-15: ini File Coder Group Parameters ..................................................................................................92
Table 5-16: ini File Tel Profile Settings.............................................................................................................94
Table 5-17: ini File IP Profile Settings ..............................................................................................................96
Table 5-18: Endpoint Phone Numbers Table ...................................................................................................97
Table 5-19: Channel Select Modes ................................................................................................................100
Table 5-20: Authentication ini File Parameter ................................................................................................101
Table 5-21: Automatic Dialing ini File Parameter ...........................................................................................102
Table 5-22: Caller ID ini File Parameter .........................................................................................................104
Table 5-23: Authentication ini File Parameter ................................................................................................105
Table 5-24: Call Forward Table ......................................................................................................................106
Table 5-25: FXO Parameters (continues on pages 107 to 109) ....................................................................107
Table 5-26: Voice Mail Parameters ................................................................................................................110
Table 5-27: Protocol Management, ini File Parameters (continues on pages 111 to 113) ............................111
Table 5-28: Network Settings, IP Settings Parameters (continues on pages 128 to 131) .............................115
Table 5-29: Network Settings, Application Settings Parameters....................................................................117
Table 5-30: SNMP Managers Table Parameters ...........................................................................................119
Table 5-31: Web & Telnet Access List ini File Parameter ..............................................................................120
Table 5-32: Network Settings, RTP Settings Parameters ..............................................................................121
Table 5-33: IP Routing Table Column Description .........................................................................................123
Table 5-34: Ethernet Port Information Parameters ........................................................................................124
Table 5-35: Network Settings, VLAN Settings Parameters ............................................................................126
Table 5-36: Network Settings, Security Settings Parameters ........................................................................127
Table 5-37: Board, ini File Parameters (continues on pages 128 to 131)......................................................128
Table 5-38: Automatic Updates Parameters ..................................................................................................132
Table 5-39: Network Settings, SNMP ini File Parameters..............................................................................133
Table 5-40: Channel Settings, Voice Settings Parameters ............................................................................135
Table 5-41: Channel Settings, Fax/Modem/CID Parameters (continues on pages 136 to 138) ....................136
Table 5-42: Channel Settings, RTP Parameters ............................................................................................139
Table 5-43: Channel Settings, Hook-Flash Settings Parameters...................................................................141
Table 5-44: Channel Settings, ini File Parameters.........................................................................................141
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Table 5-45: IP Connectivity Parameters.........................................................................................................148
Table 5-46: Call Counters Description (continues on pages 149 to 150).......................................................149
Table 5-47: Call Routing Status Parameters..................................................................................................150
Table 5-48: Channel Status Color Indicators .................................................................................................151
Table 5-49: Auxiliary Files Descriptions .........................................................................................................159
Table 5-50: Configuration Files ini File Parameters .......................................................................................160
Table 7-1: Vendor Specific Information Field .................................................................................................167
Table 7-2: Structure of the Vendor Specific Information Field .......................................................................167
Table 8-1: Summary of DTMF configuration Parameters (continues on pages 174 to 175)..........................174
Table 8-2: Supported CDR Fields ..................................................................................................................181
Table 9-1: Traffic / Network Types and Priority ..............................................................................................197
Table 9-2: Example of VLAN and Multiple IPs Configuration.........................................................................198
Table 9-3: Example of IP Routing Table Configuration ..................................................................................199
Table 10-1: Customizable Logo ini File Parameters ......................................................................................208
Table 10-2: Web Appearance Customizable ini File Parameters ..................................................................208
Table 10-3: Customizable Logo ini File Parameters ......................................................................................209
Table 10-4: Web Appearance Customizable ini File Parameters ..................................................................209
Table 12-1: Default TCP/UDP Network Port Numbers...................................................................................219
Table 14-1: /CONFiguration Folder ................................................................................................................224
Table 14-2: /MGmt/FAult Folder .....................................................................................................................224
Table 14-3: /IPNetworking/Ping Folder...........................................................................................................224
Table 14-4: /TPApp Folder .............................................................................................................................224
Table 14-5: /BSP/EXCeption Folder...............................................................................................................224
Table 17-1: MP-1xx Selected Technical Specifications (continues on pages 249 to 251) ............................249
Table 17-2: MP-11x Functional Specifications (continues on pages 251 to 253) ..........................................251
Table A-1: MediaPack SIP Supplied Software Kit..........................................................................................255
Table B-1: Command Line Switch Descriptions .............................................................................................266
Table C-1: Packet Types Defined in RFC 3551 .............................................................................................269
Table C-2: Defined Payload Types.................................................................................................................269
Table C-3: Default RTP/RTCP/T.38 Port Allocation.......................................................................................270
Table E-1: acBoardFatalError Alarm Trap......................................................................................................281
Table E-2: acBoardEvResettingBoard Alarm Trap.........................................................................................281
Table E-3: acBoardCallResourcesAlarm Alarm Trap.....................................................................................282
Table E-4: acBoardControllerFailureAlarm Alarm Trap..................................................................................282
Table E-5: acBoardOverloadAlarm Alarm Trap..............................................................................................283
Table E-6: acActiveAlarmTableOverflow Alarm Trap.....................................................................................283
Table E-7: acBoardEthernetLinkAlarm Alarm Trap ........................................................................................283
Table E-8: acPerformanceMonitoringThresholdCrossing Log Trap...............................................................284
Table E-9: coldStart Trap ...............................................................................................................................285
Table E-10: authenticationFailure Trap ..........................................................................................................285
Table E-11: acBoardEvBoardStarted Trap.....................................................................................................285
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Reader’s Notes
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Tip:
General
When viewing this manual on CD, Web site or on any other electronic copy,
all cross-references are hyperlinked. Click on the page or section numbers
(shown in blue) to reach the individual cross-referenced item directly. To
return back to the point from where you accessed the cross-reference, press
the ALT and ◄ keys.
Trademarks
AC logo, Ardito, AudioCoded, AudioCodes, AudioCodes logo, IPmedia, Mediant, MediaPack, MPMLQ, NetCoder, Stretto, TrunkPack, VoicePacketizer and VoIPerfect, are trademarks or
registered trademarks of AudioCodes Limited. All other products or trademarks are property of
their respective owners.
Customer Support
Customer technical support and service are provided by AudioCodes’ Distributors, Partners, and
Resellers from whom the product was purchased. For Customer support for products purchased
directly from AudioCodes, contact support@audiocodes.com.
Abbreviations and Terminology
Each abbreviation, unless widely used, is spelled out in full when first used. Only industrystandard terms are used throughout this manual. Hexadecimal notation is indicated by 0x
preceding the number.
Related Documentation
Document #
Manual Name
LTRT-656xx (e.g., LTRT-65601)
MediaPack & Mediant 1000 SIP Analog Gateways Release Notes
LTRT-614xx
MP-1xx Fast Track Installation Guide
LTRT-615xx
MP-11x Fast Track Installation Guide
LTRT-665xx
CPE Configuration Guide for Voice Mail
Note 1:
Note 2:
Note 3:
Note 4:
Note 5:
Version 4.6
MP-1xx refers to the MP-124 24-port, MP-108 8-port, MP-104 4-port and
MP-102 2-port VoIP gateways having similar functionality except for the
number of channels (the MP-124 and MP-102 support only FXS).
MP-11x refers to the MP-118 8-port, MP-114 4-port and MP-112 2-port VoIP
gateways having similar functionality except for the number of channels.
MP-10x refers to MP-108 8-port, MP-104 4-port and MP-102 2-port
gateways.
MP-1xx/FXS refers only to the MP-124/FXS, MP-108/FXS, MP-104/FXS and
MP-102/FXS gateways.
MP-10x/FXO refers only to MP-108/FXO and MP-104/FXO gateways.
Note:
In the current version, MP-11x devices only support FXS. References to
FXO only apply to MP-1xx devices.
Note:
The MP-112 differs from the MP-114 and MP-118. Its configuration excludes
the RS-232 connector, the Lifeline option and outdoor protection.
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Note:
Where ‘network’ appears in this manual, it means Local Area Network (LAN),
Wide Area Network (WAN), etc. accessed via the gateway’s Ethernet
interface.
Note:
FXO (Foreign Exchange Office) is the interface replacing the analog
telephone and connects to a Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
line from the Central Office (CO) or to a Private Branch Exchange (PBX).
The FXO is designed to receive line voltage and ringing current, supplied
from the CO or the PBX (just like an analog telephone). An FXO VoIP
gateway interfaces between the CO/PBX line and the Internet.
FXS (Foreign Exchange Station) is the interface replacing the Exchange
(i.e., the CO or the PBX) and connects to analog telephones, dial-up
modems, and fax machines. The FXS is designed to supply line voltage and
ringing current to these telephone devices. An FXS VoIP gateway interfaces
between the analog telephone devices and the Internet.
Warning: Ensure that you connect FXS ports to analog telephone or to PBX-trunk
lines only and FXO ports to CO/PBX lines only.
Warning: The MediaPack is supplied as a sealed unit and must only be serviced by
qualified service personnel.
Warning: Disconnect the MediaPack from the mains and from the Telephone Network
Voltage (TNV) before servicing.
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Overview
1.1
Introduction
1. Overview
This document provides you with the information on installation, configuration and operation of
the MP-124 24-port, MP-108 8-port, MP-104 4-port, MP-102 2-port, MP-118 8-port, MP-114 4port and MP-112 2-port VoIP media gateways. As these units have similar functionality (with the
exception of their number of channels and some minor features), they are collectively referred to
in the manual as the MediaPack.
1.2
Gateway Description
The MediaPack series analog VoIP gateways are cost-effective, cutting edge technology
products. These stand-alone analog VoIP gateways provide superior voice technology for
connecting legacy telephones, fax machines and PBX systems with IP-based telephony
networks, as well as for integration with new IP-based PBX architecture. These products are
designed and tested to be fully interopeable with leading softswitches and SIP servers.
The MediaPack gateways incorporate up to 24 analog ports for connection, either directly to an
enterprise PBX (FXO), to phones, or to fax (FXS), supporting up to 24 simultaneous VoIP calls.
Additionally, the MediaPack units are equipped with a 10/100 Base-TX Ethernet port for
connection to the network.
The MediaPack gateways are best suited for small to medium size enterprises, branch offices or
for residential media gateway solutions.
The MediaPack gateways enable users to make free local or international telephone / fax calls
between the distributed company offices, using their existing telephones / fax. These calls are
routed over the existing network ensuring that voice traffic uses minimum bandwidth.
The MediaPack gateways are very compact devices that can be installed as a desk-top unit, on
the wall or in a 19-inch rack.
The MediaPack gateways support SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) protocol, enabling the
deployment of ‘voice over IP’ solutions in environments where each enterprise or residential
location is provided with a simple media gateway.
This provides the enterprise with a telephone connection (e.g., RJ-11), and the capability to
transmit the voice and telephony signals over a packet network.
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The layout diagram (Figure 1-1), illustrates a typical MediaPack VoIP application.
Figure 1-1: Typical MediaPack VoIP Application
1.3
SIP Overview
SIP (Session Initialization Protocol) is an application-layer control (signaling) protocol used on the
MediaPack for creating, modifying, and terminating sessions with one or more participants. These
sessions can include Internet telephone calls, media announcements and conferences.
SIP invitations are used to create sessions and carry session descriptions that enable participants
to agree on a set of compatible media types. SIP uses elements called Proxy servers to help
route requests to the user's current location, authenticate and authorize users for services,
implement provider call-routing policies and provide features to users.
SIP also provides a registration function that enables users to upload their current locations for
use by Proxy servers. SIP, on the MediaPack, complies with the IETF (Internet Engineering Task
Force) RFC 3261 (refer to http://www.ietf.org).
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1.4
1. Overview
MediaPack Features
This section provides a high-level overview of some of the many MediaPack supported features.
1.4.1
1.4.2
1.4.3
General Features
•
Superior, high quality Voice, Data and fax over IP networks.
•
Toll quality voice compression.
•
Enhanced capabilities including MWI, long haul, metering, CID and out door protection.
•
Proven integration with leading PBXs, IP-PBXs, Softswitches and SIP servers.
•
Spans a range of 2 to 24 FXS/FXO analog ports.
•
Selectable G.711 or multiple Low Bit Rate (LBR) coders per channel.
•
T.38 fax with superior performance (handling a round-trip delay of up to nine seconds).
•
Echo Canceler, Jitter Buffer, Voice Activity Detection (VAD) and Comfort Noise Generation
(CNG) support.
•
Comprehensive support for supplementary services.
•
Web Management for easy configuration and installation.
•
EMS for comprehensive management operations (FCAPS).
•
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) and Syslog support.
•
SMDI support for Voice Mail applications.
•
Multiplexes RTP streams from several users together to reduce bandwidth overhead.
•
T.38 fax fallback to PCM (or NSE).
•
Can be integrated into a Multiple IPs and a VLAN-aware environment.
•
Capable of automatically updating its firmware version and configuration.
•
Secured Web access (HTTPS) and Telnet access using SSL / TLS.
MP-1xx Hardware Features
•
MP-124 19-inch, 1 U rugged enclosure provides up to 24 analog FXS ports, using a single
50 pin Telco connector.
•
MP-10x compact, rugged enclosure only one-half of a 19-inch rack unit, 1 U high (1.75" or
44.5 mm).
•
Lifeline - provides a wired phone connection to PSTN line when there is no power, or the
network fails (applies to MP-10x FXS gateways).
•
LEDs on the front and rear panels that provide information on the operating status of the
media gateway and the network interface.
•
Restart button on the Front panel that restarts the MP-1xx gateway, and is also used to
restore the MP-1xx parameters to their factory default values.
MP-11x Hardware Features
•
MP-11x compact, rugged enclosure only one-half of a 19-inch rack unit, 1 U high.
•
Lifeline - provides a wired phone connection to PSTN line when there is no power, or the
network fails.
•
LEDs on the front panel that provide information on the operating status of the media
gateway and the network interface.
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•
1.4.4
Restart button on the back panel that restarts the MP-11x gateway, and is also used to
restore the MP-11x parameters to their factory default values.
SIP Features
The MediaPack SIP gateway complies with the IETF RFC 3261 standard.
•
Reliable User Datagram Protocol (UDP) transport, with retransmissions.
•
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) Transport layer.
•
SIPS using TLS (MP-11x only).
•
T.38 real time fax (using SIP).
Note: If the remote side includes the fax maximum rate parameter in the Session Description
Protocol (SDP) body of the INVITE message, the gateway returns the same rate in the
response SDP.
•
Works with Proxy or without Proxy, using an internal routing table.
•
Fallback to internal routing table if Proxy is not responding.
•
Supports up to four Proxy servers. If the primary Proxy fails, the MediaPack automatically
switches to a redundant Proxy.
•
Supports domain name resolving using DNS SRV records for Proxy, Registrar and domain
names that appear in the Contact and Record-Route headers.
•
Proxy and Registrar Authentication (handling 401 and 407 responses) using Basic or Digest
methods.
•
Single gateway Registration or multiple Registration of all gateway endpoints.
•
Configuration of authentication username and password per each gateway endpoint, or
single username and password per gateway.
•
Supported methods: INVITE, CANCEL, BYE, ACK, REGISTER, OPTIONS, INFO, REFER,
NOTIFY, PRACK, UPDATE and SUBSCRIBE.
•
Modifying connection parameters for an already established call (re-INVITE).
•
Working with Redirect server and handling 3xx responses.
•
Early media (supporting 183 Session Progress).
•
PRACK reliable provisional responses (RFC 3262).
•
Call Hold and Transfer Supplementary services using REFER, Refer-To, Referred-By,
Replaces and NOTIFY.
•
Call Forward (using 302 response): Immediate, Busy, No reply, Busy or No reply, Do Not
Disturb.
•
Supports RFC 3327, Adding ‘Path’ to Supported header.
•
Supports RFC 3581, Symmetric Response Routing.
•
Supports RFC 4028, Session Timers in SIP.
•
Supports network asserted identity and privacy (RFC 3325 and RFC 3323).
•
Supports Tel URI (Uniform Resource Identifier) according to RFC 2806 bis.
•
Remote party ID <draft-ietf-sip-privacy-04.txt>.
•
Supports obtaining Proxy Domain Name(s) from DHCP (Dynamic Host Control Protocol)
according to RFC 3361.
•
RFC 2833 relay for Dual Tone Multi Frequency (DTMF) digits, including payload type
negotiation.
•
DTMF out-of-band transfer using:
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1. Overview
¾
INFO method <draft-choudhuri-sip-info-digit-00.txt>.
¾
INFO method, compatible with Cisco gateways.
¾
NOTIFY method <draft-mahy-sipping-signaled-digits-01.txt>.
•
SIP URL: sip:”phone number”@IP address (such as 122@10.1.2.4, where “122” is the
phone number of the source or destination phone number) or sip:”phone_number”@”domain
name”, such as 122@myproxy.com. Note that the SIP URI host name can be configured
differently per called number.
•
Can negotiate coder from a list of given coders.
•
Supported coders:
•
¾
G.711 A-law 64 kbps
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 msec)
¾
G.711 µ-law 64 kbps
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 msec)
¾
G.723.1 5.3, 6.3 kbps
(30, 60, 90 msec)
¾
G.726 32 kbps
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 msec)
¾
G.729A/B 8 kbps
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 msec)
Implementation of Message Waiting Indication (MWI) IETF <draft-ietf-sipping-mwi-04.txt>,
including SUBSCRIBE (to the MWI server). The MediaPack/FXS gateways can accept an
MWI NOTIFY message that indicates waiting messages or indicates that the MWI is cleared.
For more updated information on the gateway’s supported features, refer to the latest MediaPack
SIP Release Notes.
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Reader’s Notes
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2
2. MediaPack Physical Description
MediaPack Physical Description
This section provides detailed information on the hardware, the location and functionality of the
LEDs, buttons and connectors on the front and rear panels of the MP-1xx (refer to Section 2.1
below) and MP-11x (Section 2.2 on page 27) gateways.
For detailed information on installing the MediaPack, refer to Section 3 on page 29.
2.1
MP-1xx Physical Description
2.1.1
MP-1xx Front Panel
Figure 2-1 and Figure 2-2 illustrate the front layout of the MP-108 (almost identical on MP-104
and MP-102) and MP-124 respectively. Refer to Section 2.1.1.1 for meaning of the front panel
buttons; refer to Section 2.1.1.2 for functionality of the front panel LEDs.
Figure 2-1: MP-108 Front Panel
Reset Button
Figure 2-2: MP-124 Front Panel
Reset Button
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2.1.1.1
MP-1xx Front Panel Buttons
Table 2-1 lists and describes the front panel buttons on the MP-1xx.
Table 2-1: Front Panel Buttons on the MP-1xx
Type
Function
Reset the MP-1xx
Reset button
2.1.1.2
Comment
Press the reset button with a paper clip or any other similar
pointed object, until the gateway is reset.
Restore the MP-1xx parameters to
Refer to Section 10.1 on page 201.
their factory default values
MP-1xx Front Panel LEDs
Table 2-2 lists and describes the front panel LEDs on the MP-1xx.
MP-1xx (FXS/FXO) media gateways feature almost identical front panel
LEDs; they only differ in the number of channel LEDs that correspond to the
number of channels.
Note:
Table 2-2: Indicator LEDs on the MP-1xx Front Panel
Label
Type
Color
Green
ON
Device Powered, self-test OK
Ready
Device Status
Orange
Blinking
Software Loading/Initialization
Red
ON
Malfunction
Green
ON
Valid 10/100 Base-TX Ethernet connection
Red
ON
Malfunction
Green
Blinking
LAN
Ethernet Link
Status
Control
Control Link
Data
Channels
Packet Status
Telephone
Interface
MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
State
Function
Sending and receiving SIP messages
No traffic
Blank
Green
Blinking
Transmitting RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol)
Packets
Red
Blinking
Receiving RTP Packets
Blank
-
Green
ON
No traffic
Offhook / Ringing for FXS Phone Port
FXO Line-Seize/Ringing State for Line Port
Green
Blinking
Red
ON
Blank
-
24
There’s an incoming call, before answering
Line Malfunction
Normal
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2. MediaPack Physical Description
2.1.2
MP-1xx Rear Panel
2.1.2.1
MP-10x Rear Panel
Figure 2-3 illustrates the rear panel layout of the MP-104. For descriptions of the MP-10x rear
panel components, refer to Table 2-3. For the functionality of the MP-10x rear panel LEDs, refer
to Table 2-4.
Tip 1:
MP-10x (FXS/FXO) media gateways feature almost identical rear panel
connectors and LEDs, located slightly differently from one device to the next.
Tip 2:
The RJ-45 port (Eth 1) on the MP-10x/FXO rear panel is inverted on the MP1xx/FXS. The label on the rear panel also distinguishes FXS from FXO
devices.
Figure 2-3: MP-104/FXS Rear Panel Connectors
1
2
3
4
6
5
Table 2-3: MP-10x Rear Panel Component Descriptions
Item #
Label
1
100-250V ~ 1A
50-60 Hz
2
Component Description
AC power supply socket.
Protective earthing screw (mandatory for all installations).
3
Eth 1
4
10/100 Base-TX Ethernet connection.
2, 4 or 8 FXS/FXO ports.
5
FXS
6
RS-232
FXS / FXO label.
9 pin RS-232 status port (for Cable Wiring of the RS-232 refer to Figure
3-9 on page 35).
Table 2-4: Indicator LEDs on the MP-10x Rear Panel
Label
Type
ETH-1
Ethernet Status
Color
State
Meaning
Yellow
ON
Ethernet port receiving data
Red
ON
Collision
Note that the Ethernet LEDs are located within the RJ-45 socket.
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2.1.2.2
MP-124 Rear Panel
Figure 2-4 illustrates the rear panel layout of the MP-124. For descriptions of the MP-124 rear
panel components, refer to Table 2-5. For the functionality of the MP-124 rear panel LEDs, refer
to Table 2-6.
Figure 2-4: MP-124 (FXS) Rear Panel Connectors
3
2
1
4
6
5
Table 2-5: MP-124 Rear Panel Component Descriptions
Item #
Label
Component Description
1
Protective earthing screw (mandatory for all installations).
2
100-250 V~
50 - 60 Hz 2A
3
ANALOG LINES 1 –24
4
Data Cntrl Ready
5
RS-232
6
Eth 1 Eth 2
AC power supply socket.
50-pin Telco for 1 to 24 analog lines.
LED indicators (described in Table 2-6).
9 pin RS-232 status port (for Cable Wiring of the RS-232 refer to Figure
3-9 on page 35).
Dual 10/100 Base-TX Ethernet connections.
The Dual In-line Package (DIP) switch, located on the MP-124 rear panel
(supplied with some of the units), is not functional and should not be used.
Note:
The Ethernet LEDs are located within each of the RJ-45 sockets.
Note that on the MP-124 the rear panel also duplicates the Data, Control and Ready LEDs from
the front panel.
Table 2-6: Indicator LEDs on the MP-124 Rear Panel
Label
Type
Color
State
Data
Packet Status
Green
ON
Transmitting RTP Packets
Red
ON
Receiving RTP Packets
No traffic
Blank
Cntrl
Control Link
Green
Blinking
Device Status
Sending and receiving H.323 messages
No traffic
Blank
Ready
Function
Green
ON
Device Powered and Self-test OK
Orange
ON
Software Loading/Initialization
Red
ON
Malfunction
ON
Valid 10/100 Base-TX Ethernet connection
Eth 1
Ethernet Status
Green
Red
ON
Malfunction
Eth 2
Ethernet Status
Green
ON
Valid 10/100 Base-TX Ethernet connection
Red
ON
Malfunction
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2. MediaPack Physical Description
2.2
MP-11x Physical Description
2.2.1
MP-11x Front Panel
Figure 2-5 illustrates the front layout of the MP-118 (almost identical on MP-114 and MP-112).
Table 2-7 lists and describes the front panel LEDs on the MP-11x.
Tip:
MP-11x gateways feature almost identical front panel LEDs; they only differ
in the number of channel LEDs that correspond to the number of channels.
Figure 2-5: MP-118 Front Panel Connectors
Table 2-7: Definition of MP-11x Front Panel LED Indicators
LED
Channels
Status
Type
Telephone
Interface
Color
Green
Uplink
Ethernet
Link Status
Fail
Failure
Indication
Red
Device
Status
Green
Ready
Power
Version 4.6
Power Supply
Status
Green
Green
State
Definition
Blinking
The phone is ringing (incoming call, before answering).
Fast
Blinking
Line malfunction
Off
Normal onhook position
On
Offhook
On
Valid 10/100 Base-TX Ethernet connection
Off
No uplink
On
Failure (fatal error).
Or system initialization.
Off
Normal working condition
On
Device powered, self-test OK
Off
Software loading or System failure
On
Power is currently being supplied to the device
Off
Either there’s a failure / disruption in the AC power
supply or power is currently not being supplied to the
device through the AC power supply entry.
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MediaPack SIP
2.2.2
MP-11x Rear Panel
Figure 2-6 illustrates the rear layout of the MP-118 (almost identical on MP-114 and MP-112).
Table 2-8 lists and describes the rear panel connectors and button on the MP-11x.
Figure 2-6: MP-118 Rear Panel Connectors
1
2
3
4
5
4
Table 2-8: MP-11x Rear Panel Component Descriptions
Item
#
Label
1
100-240~0.3A max.
AC power supply socket
2
Ethernet
10/100 Base-TX Uplink port
3
RS-232
RS-232 status port (requires a DB-9 to PS/2 adaptor)
4
FXS
4 RJ-11 FXS ports (total 8)
5
Reset
Reset button
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Component Description
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3
3. Installing the MediaPack
Installing the MediaPack
This section provides information on the installation procedure for the MP-1xx (refer to Section
3.1 below) and the MP-11x (refer to Section 3.2 on page 38). For information on how to start
using the gateway, refer to Section 4 on page 43.
Caution Electrical Shock
The equipment must only be installed or serviced by qualified service personnel.
3.1
Installing the MP-1xx
¾ To install the MP-1xx, take these 4 steps:
1.
Unpack the MP-1xx (refer to Section 3.1.1 below).
2.
Check the package contents (refer to Section 3.1.1.1 below).
3.
Mount the MP-1xx (refer to Section 3.1.2 on page 30).
4.
Cable the MP-1xx (refer to Section 3.1.3 on page 33).
After connecting the MP-1xx to the power source, the Ready and LAN LEDs on the front panel
turn to green (after a self-testing period of about 1 minute). Any malfunction changes the Ready
LED to red.
When you have completed the above relevant sections you are then ready to start configuring the
gateway (Section 4 on page 43).
3.1.1
Unpacking
¾ To unpack the MP-1xx, take these 6 steps:
3.1.1.1
1.
Open the carton and remove packing materials.
2.
Remove the MP-1xx gateway from the carton.
3.
Check that there is no equipment damage.
4.
Check, retain and process any documents.
5.
Notify AudioCodes or your local supplier of any damage or discrepancies.
6.
Retain any diskettes or CDs.
Package Contents
Ensure that in addition to the MP-1xx, the package contains:
•
AC power cable for the AC power supply option.
•
3 brackets (2 short, 1 long) and bracket-to-device screws for 19-inch rack installation option
(MP-10x only).
•
2 short equal-length brackets and bracket-to-device screws for MP-124 19-inch rack
installation.
•
A CD with software and documentation may be included.
•
The MP-1xx Fast Track Installation Guide.
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3.1.2
Mounting the MP-1xx
The MP-1xx can be mounted on a desktop or on a wall (only MP-10x), or installed in a standard
19-inch rack. Refer to Section 3.1.3 on page 33 for cabling the MP-1xx.
3.1.2.1
Mounting the MP-1xx on a Desktop
No brackets are required. Simply place the MP-1xx on the desktop in the position you require.
Figure 3-1: Desktop or Shelf Mounting
Rack Mount Safety Instructions (UL)
When installing the chassis in a rack, be sure to implement the following Safety
instructions recommended by Underwriters Laboratories:
• Elevated Operating Ambient - If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly,
the operating ambient temperature of the rack environment may be greater than
room ambient. Therefore, consideration should be given to installing the equipment
in an environment compatible with the maximum ambient temperature (Tma)
specified by the manufacturer.
• Reduced Air Flow - Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the
amount of air flow required for safe operation on the equipment is not compromised.
• Mechanical Loading - Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such that a
hazardous condition is not achieved due to uneven mechanical loading.
• Circuit Overloading - Consideration should be given to the connection of the
equipment to the supply circuit and the effect that overloading of the circuits might
have on overcurrent protection and supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of
equipment nameplate ratings should be used when addressing this concern.
• Reliable Earthing - Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should be
maintained. Particular attention should be given to supply connections other than
direct connections to the branch circuit (e.g., use of power strips.)
3.1.2.2
Installing the MP-10x in a 19-inch Rack
The MP-10x is installed into a standard 19-inch rack by the addition of two supplied brackets (1
short, 1 long). The MP-108 with brackets for rack installation is shown in Figure 3-2.
¾ To install the MP-10x in a 19-inch rack, take these 9 steps:
1.
Remove the two screws on one side of the device nearest the front panel.
2.
Insert the peg on the short bracket into the third air vent down on the column of air vents
nearest the front panel.
3.
Swivel the bracket until the holes in the bracket line up with the two empty screw holes on
the device.
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3. Installing the MediaPack
4.
Use the screws found in the devices’ package to attach the short bracket to the side of the
device.
5.
Remove the two screws on the other side of the device nearest the front panel.
6.
Position the long bracket so that the holes in the bracket line up with the two empty screw
holes on the device.
7.
Use the screws found in the device’s package to attach the long bracket to the side of the
device.
8.
Position the device in the rack and line up the bracket holes with the rack frame holes.
9.
Use four standard rack screws to attach the device to the rack. These screws are not
provided with the device.
Figure 3-2: MP-108 with Brackets for Rack Installation
3.1.2.3
Installing the MP-124 in a 19-inch Rack
The MP-124 is installed into a standard 19-inch rack by the addition of two short (equal-length)
supplied brackets. The MP-124 with brackets for rack installation is shown in Figure 3-3.
¾ To install the MP-124 in a 19-inch rack, take these 7 steps:
1.
Remove the two screws on one side of the device nearest the front panel.
2.
Insert the peg on one of the brackets into the third air vent down on the column of air vents
nearest the front panel.
3.
Swivel the bracket until the holes in the bracket line up with the two empty screw holes on
the device.
4.
Use the screws found in the devices’ package to attach the bracket to the side of the device.
5.
Repeat steps 1 to 4 to attach the second bracket to the other side of the device.
6.
Position the device in the rack and line up the bracket holes with the rack frame holes.
7.
Use four standard rack screws to attach the device to the rack. These screws are not
provided with the device.
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Figure 3-3: MP-124 with Brackets for Rack Installation
3.1.2.4
Mounting the MP-10x on a Wall
The MP-10x is mounted on a wall by the addition of two short (equal-length) supplied brackets.
The MP-102 with brackets for wall mount is shown in Figure 3-4.
¾ To mount the MP-10x on a wall, take these 7 steps:
1.
Remove the screw on the side of the device that is nearest the bottom and the front panel.
2.
Insert the peg on the bracket into the third air vent down on the column of air vents nearest
the front panel.
3.
Swivel the bracket so that the side of the bracket is aligned with the base of the device and
the hole in the bracket line up with the empty screw hole.
4.
Attach the bracket using one of the screws provided in the device package.
5.
Repeat steps 1 to 4 to attach the second bracket to the other side of the device.
6.
Position the device on the wall with the base of the device next to the wall.
7.
Use four screws to attach the device to the wall. These screws are not provided with the
device.
Figure 3-4: MP-102 Wall Mount
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3.1.3
3. Installing the MediaPack
Cabling the MP-1xx
Verify that you have the cables listed under column ‘Cable’ in Table 3-1 before beginning to cable
the MP-1xx according to the column ‘Cabling Procedure’. For detailed information on the MP-1xx
rear panel connectors, refer to Section 2.1.2 on page 25.
Table 3-1: Cables and Cabling Procedure
Cable
RJ-45 Ethernet
cable
Cabling Procedure
Connect the Ethernet connection on the MP-1xx directly to the network using a standard RJ-45
Ethernet cable. For connector’s pinout refer to Figure 3-5 below.
Note that when assigning an IP address to the MP-1xx using HTTP (under step 1 in Section
4.2.1), you may be required to disconnect this cable and re-cable it differently.
Connect the RJ-11 connectors on the rear panel of the MP-10x/FXS to
fax machine, modem, or phones (refer to Figure 3-6).
RJ-11 two-wire Connect RJ-11 connectors on the MP-10x/FXO rear panel to telephone
telephone cords exchange analog lines or PBX extensions (Figure 3-6).
Ensure that FXS &
FXO are connected to
the correct devices,
otherwise damage can
occur.
MP-124/FXS ports are usually distributed using an MDF Adaptor Block (special order option).
Refer to Figure 3-8 for details.
Lifeline cable
For detailed information on setting up the Lifeline, refer to the procedure under Section 3.1.3.2 on
page 35.
Refer to the MP-124 Safety Notice below.
1.
50-pin Telco cable
(MP-124 devices
2.
only).
3.
An Octopus cable 4.
is not included
with the MP-124
5.
package.
Wire the 50-pin Telco connectors according to the pinout in Figure 3-7 on page 34, and
Figure 3-8 on page 34.
Attach each pair of wires from a 25-pair Octopus cable to its corresponding socket on the
MDF Adaptor Block’s rear.
Connect the wire-pairs at the other end of the cable to a male 50-pin Telco connector.
Insert and fasten this connector to the female 50-pin Telco connector on the MP-124 rear
panel (labeled Analog Lines 1-24).
Connect the telephone lines from the Adaptor Block to a fax machine, modem, or telephones
by inserting each RJ-11 connector on the 2-wire line cords of the POTS phones into the RJ11 sockets on the front of an MDF Adaptor Block as shown in Figure 3-8 on page 34.
RS-232 serial
cable
For detailed information on connecting the MP-1xx RS-232 port to your PC, refer to Section
3.1.3.1 on page 35.
Protective
earthing strap
Connect an earthed strap to the chassis protective earthing screw and fasten it securely according
to the safety standards.
AC Power cable Connect the MP-1xx power socket to the mains.
MP-124 Safety Notice
To protect against electrical shock and fire, use a 26 AWG min wire to connect analog
FXS lines to the 50-pin Telco connector.
Figure 3-5: RJ-45 Ethernet Connector Pinout
RJ-45 Connector and Pinout
12345678
Version 4.6
1 - Tx+
2 - Tx3 - Rx+
6 - Rx-
33
4, 5, 7, 8
not
connected
June 2005
MediaPack SIP
Figure 3-6: RJ-11 Phone Connector Pinout
RJ-11 Connector and Pinout
1234
1234-
Not connected
Tip
Ring
Not connected
Figure 3-7: 50-pin Telco Connector (MP-124/FXS only)
Pin Numbers
25
1
26
50
Figure 3-8: MP-124 in a 19-inch Rack with MDF Adaptor
19-inch Rack
Rear View
FRONT INPUT
24 line cords
2-wire with RJ-11
connectors
M D F Adaptor Block - rear
REAR OUTPUT
24 wire pairs in
Octopus cable
with 50-pin male
Telco connector
Primary
LAN Cable
to Eth 1
AC Power Cord
Back-up
LAN Cable
to Eth 2
Connect to
here
ANALOG LINES 1-20
Cntrl
Grounding Strap
MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
50-pin female
Telco connector
34
Ready
ON
RS-232
Data
100 - 250V~
50 - 60Hz 2A
12345
CONFIG
Eth 1
Eth 2
MP-124
Rear View
RS-232 Cable
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MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
3. Installing the MediaPack
Table 3-2: Pin Allocation in the 50-pin Telco Connector
Phone Channel
Connector Pins
Phone Channel
Connector Pins
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
1/26
2/27
3/28
4/29
5/30
6/31
7/32
8/33
9/34
10/35
11/36
12/37
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
13/38
14/39
15/40
16/41
17/42
18/43
19/44
20/45
21/46
22/47
23/48
24/49
3.1.3.1
Connecting the MP-1xx RS-232 Port to Your PC
Using a standard RS-232 straight cable (not a cross-over cable) with DB-9 connectors, connect
the MP-1xx RS-232 port to either COM1 or COM2 RS-232 communication port on your PC. The
required connector pinout and gender are shown below in Figure 3-9.
For information on establishing a serial communications link with the MP-1xx, refer to Section
10.2 on page 201.
Figure 3-9: MP-1xx RS-232 Cable Wiring
2
3
5
RD
TD
GND
DB-9
forfor
MP-1xx
DB-9male
male
MP-100
DB-9female
femalefor
for PC
PC
DB-9
3.1.3.2
2
3
5
Cabling the Lifeline Phone
The Lifeline provides a wired analog POTS phone connection to any PSTN or PBX FXS port
when there is no power, or when the network connection fails. Users can therefore use the
Lifeline phone even when the MP-1xx is not powered on or not connected to the network. With
the MP-108/FXS and MP-104/FXS the Lifeline connection is provided on port #4 (refer to Figure
3-11). With the MP-102/FXS the Lifeline connection is provided on port #2.
Note:
The MP-124 and MP-10x/FXO do not support the Lifeline.
The Lifeline’s Splitter connects pins #1 and #4 to another source of an FXS port, and pins #2 and
#3 to the POTS phone. Refer to the Lifeline Splitter pinout in Figure 3-10.
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Figure 3-10: Lifeline Splitter Pinout & RJ-11 Connector for MP-10x/FXS
1234
1234-
Lifeline Tip
Tip
Ring
Lifeline Ring
¾ To cable the MP-10x/FXS Lifeline phone, take these 3 steps:
1.
Connect the Lifeline Splitter to port #4 (on the MP-104/FXS or MP-108/FXS) or to port #2 (on
the MP-102/FXS).
2.
Connect the Lifeline phone to Port A on the Lifeline Splitter.
3.
Connect an analog PSTN line to Port B on the Lifeline Splitter.
Note:
The use of the Lifeline on network failure can be disabled using the
‘LifeLineType’ ini file parameter (described in Table 5-37 on page 128).
Figure 3-11: MP-104/FXS Lifeline Setup
1
2
3
4
6
7
5
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3. Installing the MediaPack
Table 3-3: MP-104/FXS Lifeline Setup Component Descriptions
Item #
Version 4.6
Component Description
1
B: To PSTN wall port.
2
Phone to Port 1.
3
Lifeline to Port 4.
4
PSTN to Splitter (B).
5
Phone to Port 1.
6
Lifeline phone to Splitter (A).
7
Lifeline phone.
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MediaPack SIP
3.2
Installing the MP-11x
¾ To install the MP-11x, take these 3 steps:
1.
Unpack the MP-11x (refer to Section 3.2.1 below).
2.
Check the package contents (refer to Section 3.2.2 below).
3.
Mount the MP-11x (refer to Section 3.2.4 on page 39).
4.
Cable the MP-11x (refer to Section 3.2.5 on page 33).
After connecting the MP-11x to the power source, the Ready and Power LEDs on the front panel
turn to green (after a self-testing period of about 2 minutes). Any malfunction in the startup
procedure changes the Fail LED to red and the Ready LED is turned off (refer to Table 2-7 on
page 27 for details on the MP-11x LEDs).
You’re now ready to start configuring the gateway (Section 5 on page 47).
3.2.1
Unpacking
¾ To unpack the MP-11x, take these 6 steps:
3.2.2
1.
Open the carton and remove the packing materials.
2.
Remove the MP-11x gateway from the carton.
3.
Check that there is no equipment damage.
4.
Check, retain and process any documents.
5.
Notify AudioCodes or your local supplier of any damage or discrepancies.
6.
Retain any diskettes or CDs.
Package Contents
Ensure that in addition to the MP-11x, the package contains:
•
AC power cable.
•
Small plastic bag containing four anti-slide bumpers for desktop installation.
•
A CD with software and documentation may be included.
•
The MP-11x Fast Track Installation Guide.
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3.2.3
3. Installing the MediaPack
19-inch Rack Installation Package
Additional option is available for installing the MP-11x in a 19-inch rack. The 19-inch rack
installation package contains a single shelf (shown in Figure 3-12 below) and eight shelf-todevice screws.
Figure 3-12: 19-inch Rack Shelf
3.2.4
Mounting the MP-11x
The MP-11x can be mounted on a desktop (refer to Section 3.2.4.1 below), on a wall (refer to
Section 3.2.4.2) or installed in a standard 19-inch rack (refer to Section 3.2.4.2).
Figure 3-13 below describes the design of the MP-11x base.
Figure 3-13: View of the MP-11x Base
3
2
1
Table 3-4: View of the MP-11x Base
Item #
Functionality
1
Square slot used to attach anti-slide bumpers (for desktop mounting)
2
Oval notch used to attach the MP-11x to a wall
3
Screw opening used to attach the MP-11x to a 19-inch shelf rack
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3.2.4.1
Mounting the MP-11x on a Desktop
Attach the four (supplied) anti-slide bumpers to the base of the MP-11x (refer to item #1 in Figure
3-13) and place it on the desktop in the position you require.
3.2.4.2
Mounting the MP-11x on a Wall
¾ To mount the MP-11x on a wall, take these 4 steps:
1.
3.2.4.3
Drill four holes according to the following dimensions:
¾
Side-to-side distance 140 mm.
¾
Front-to-back distance 101.4 mm.
2.
Insert a wall anchor of the appropriate size into each hole.
3.
Fasten a DIN 96 3.5X20 wood screw (not supplied) into each of the wall anchors.
4.
Position the four oval notches located on the base of the MP-11x (refer to item #2 in Figure
3-13) over the four screws and hang the MP-11x on them.
Installing the MP-11x in a 19-inch Rack
The MP-11x is installed in a standard 19-inch rack by placing it on a shelf preinstalled in the rack.
This shelf can be ordered separately from AudioCodes.
Figure 3-14: MP-11x Rack Mount
1
2
Table 3-5: MP-11x Rack Mount
Item #
Functionality
1
Standard rack holes used to attach the shelf to the rack
2
Eight shelf-to-device screws
¾ To install the MP-11x in a 19-inch rack, take these 3 steps:
1.
Use the shelf-to-device screws found in the package to attach one or two MP-11x devices to
the shelf.
2.
Position the shelf in the rack and line up its side holes with the rack frame holes.
3.
Use four standard rack screws to attach the shelf to the rack. These screws are not
provided.
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3.2.5
3. Installing the MediaPack
Cabling the MP-11x
Cable your MP-11x according to each section of Table 3-6. For detailed information on the MP11x rear panel connectors, refer to Table 2-8 on page 28.
Table 3-6: Cables and Cabling Procedure
Cable
Cabling Procedure
RJ-45 Ethernet
cable
Connect the Ethernet connection on the MP-11x directly to the network using a
standard RJ-45 Ethernet cable. For connector’s pinout refer to Figure 3-15 on page
41.
Note that when assigning an IP address to the MP-11x using HTTP (under step 1 in
Section 4.2.1), you may be required to disconnect this cable and re-cable it
differently.
RJ-11 two-wire
telephone cords
Connect the RJ-11 connectors on the rear
panel of the MP-11x to fax machine, modem,
or phones (refer to Figure 3-6).
Lifeline
For detailed information on setting up the Lifeline, refer to the procedure under
Section 3.2.5.2 on page 42.
RS-232 serial
cable
For detailed information on connecting the MP-1xx RS-232 port to your PC, refer to
Section 3.2.5.1 on page 41.
AC Power cable
Connect the MP-11x power socket to the mains.
Ensure that the FXS ports are
connected to the correct devices,
otherwise damage can occur.
Figure 3-15: RJ-45 Ethernet Connector Pinout
RJ-45 Connector and Pinout
12345678
1 - Tx+
2 - Tx3 - Rx+
6 - Rx-
4, 5, 7, 8
not
connected
Figure 3-16: RJ-11 Phone Connector Pinout
RJ-11 Connector and Pinout
1234
3.2.5.1
1234-
Not connected
Tip
Ring
Not connected
Connecting the MP-11x RS-232 Port to Your PC
Using a standard RS-232 straight cable (not a cross-over cable) with DB-9 connectors, connect
the MP-11x RS-232 port (using a DB-9 to PS/2 adaptor) to either COM1 or COM2 RS-232
communication port on your PC. The pinout of the PS/2 connector is shown below in Figure 3-17.
For information on establishing a serial communications link with the MP-11x, refer to Section
10.2 on page 201.
Figure 3-17: PS/2 Pinout
PS/2 Female Connector and Pinout
2 (TD) - Transmit Data
3 (GND) - Ground for Voltage
6 (RD) - Receive Data
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3.2.5.2
Cabling the MP-11x Lifeline
The Lifeline (connected to port #1) provides a wired analog POTS phone connection to any PSTN
or PBX FXS port when there is no power, or the when network connection fails. Users can
therefore use the Lifeline phone even when the MP-11x is not powered on or not connected to
the network.
The Lifeline’s Splitter connects pins #1 and #4 to another source of an FXS port, and pins #2 and
#3 to the POTS phone. Refer to the Lifeline Splitter pinout in Figure 3-18.
Figure 3-18: Lifeline Splitter Pinout & RJ-11 Connector
1234
1234-
Lifeline Tip
Tip
Ring
Lifeline Ring
¾ To cable the MP-11x Lifeline, take these 3 steps:
1.
Connect the Lifeline Splitter to port #1 on the MP-11x.
2.
Connect the Lifeline phone to Port A on the Lifeline Splitter.
3.
Connect an analog PSTN line to Port B on the Lifeline Splitter.
Note:
MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
The use of the Lifeline on network failure can be disabled using the
‘LifeLineType’ ini file parameter (described in Table 5-37 on page 128).
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4. Getting Started
Getting Started
The MediaPack is supplied with default networking parameters (show in Table 4-1 below) and
with an application software already resident in its flash memory (with factory default parameters).
Before you begin configuring the gateway, change its default IP address to correspond with your
network environment (refer to Section 4.2) and learn about the configuration methods available
on the MediaPack (refer to Section 4.1 below).
For information on quickly setting up the MediaPack with basic parameters using a standard Web
browser, refer to Section 4.3 on page 45.
Table 4-1: MediaPack Default Networking Parameters
FXS or FXO
Default Value
FXS
10.1.10.10
FXO
10.1.10.11
MediaPack default subnet mask is 255.255.0.0, default gateway IP address is 0.0.0.0
4.1
Configuration Concepts
Users can utilize the MediaPack in a wide variety of applications, enabled by its parameters and
configuration files (e.g., Call Progress Tones (CPT)). The parameters can be configured and
configuration files can be loaded using:
•
A standard Web Browser (described and explained in Section 5 on page 47).
•
A configuration file referred to as the ini file. For information on how to use the ini file, refer to
Section 6 on page 163.
•
An SNMP browser software (refer to Section 15 on page 227).
•
The embedded Command Line Interface (refer to Section 14 on page 223).
•
AudioCodes’ Element Management System (EMS) (refer to Section 15.9 on page 239 and to
AudioCodes’ EMS User’s Manual or EMS Product Description).
To upgrade the MediaPack (load new software or configuration files onto the gateway) use the
Software Upgrade wizard, available through the Web Interface (refer to Section 5.8.1 on page
155), or alternatively use the BootP/TFTP configuration utility (refer to Section 7.3.1 on page
166).
For information on the configuration files, refer to Section 6 on page 163.
4.2
Assigning the MediaPack IP Address
To assign an IP address to the MediaPack use one of the following methods:
•
HTTP using a Web browser (refer to Section 4.2.1 below).
•
BootP (refer to Section 4.2.2 on page 44).
•
DHCP (refer to Section 7.2 on page 165).
•
Embedded command line interface (refer to Section 14 on page 223).
Use the ‘Reset’ button at any time to restore the MediaPack networking parameters to their
factory default values (refer to Section 10.1 on page 201).
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4.2.1
Assigning an IP Address Using HTTP
¾ To assign an IP address using HTTP, take these 8 steps:
1.
Disconnect the MediaPack from the network and reconnect it to your PC using one of the
following two methods:
¾
Use a standard Ethernet cable to connect the network interface on your PC to a port on
a network hub / switch. Use a second standard Ethernet cable to connect the MediaPack
to another port on the same network hub / switch.
¾
Use an Ethernet cross-over cable (for the MP-1xx) or a standard Ethernet cable (for the
MP-11x) to directly connect the network interface on your PC to the MediaPack.
2.
Change your PC’s IP address and subnet mask to correspond with the MediaPack factory
default IP address and subnet mask, shown in Table 4-1. For details on changing the IP
address and subnet mask of your PC, refer to Windows™ Online Help (Start>Help).
3.
Access the MediaPack Embedded Web Server (refer to Section 5.3 on page 48).
4.
In the ‘Quick Setup’ screen (shown in Figure 4-1), set the MediaPack ‘IP Address’, ‘Subnet
Mask’ and ‘Default Gateway IP Address’ fields under ‘IP Configuration’ to correspond with
your network IP settings. If your network doesn’t feature a default gateway, enter a dummy
value in the ‘Default Gateway IP Address’ field.
5.
Click the Reset button and click OK in the prompt; the MediaPack applies the changes and
restarts.
Tip:
4.2.2
Record and retain the IP address and subnet mask you assign the
MediaPack. Do the same when defining new username or password. If the
Embedded Web Server is unavailable (for example, if you’ve lost your
username and password), use the BootP/TFTP (Trivial File Transfer
Protocol) configuration utility to access the device, ‘reflash’ the load and
reset the password (refer to Appendix B on page 257 for detailed information
on using a BootP/TFTP configuration utility to access the device).
6.
Disconnect your PC from the MediaPack or from the hub / switch (depending on the
connection method you used in step 1).
7.
Reconnect the MediaPack and your PC (if necessary) to the LAN.
8.
Restore your PC’s IP address & subnet mask to what they originally were. If necessary,
restart your PC and re-access the MediaPack via the Embedded Web Server with its new
assigned IP address.
Assigning an IP Address Using BootP
Note:
BootP procedure can also be performed using any standard compatible
BootP server.
Tip:
You can also use BootP to load the auxiliary files to the MediaPack (refer to
Section 5.8.2.1 on page 160).
¾ To assign an IP address using BootP, take these 3 steps:
1.
Open the BootP application (supplied with the MediaPack software package).
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4. Getting Started
2.
Add client configuration for the MediaPack, refer to Section B.11.1 on page 263.
3.
Use the reset button to physically reset the gateway causing it to use BootP; the MediaPack
changes its network parameters to the values provided by the BootP.
Configure the MediaPack Basic Parameters
To configure the MediaPack basic parameters use the Embedded Web Server’s ‘Quick Setup’
screen (shown in Figure 4-1 below). Refer to Section 5.3 on page 48 for information on accessing
the ‘Quick Setup’ screen.
Figure 4-1: Quick Setup Screen
¾ To configure basic SIP parameters, take these 9 steps:
1.
If the MediaPack is connected to a router with Network Address Translation (NAT) enabled,
perform the following procedure. If it isn’t, leave the ‘NAT IP Address’ field undefined.
¾
Determine the ‘public’ IP address assigned to the router (by using, for instance, router
Web management). Enter this public IP address in the ‘NAT IP Address’ field.
¾
Enable the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) configuration on the residential router for the LAN
port where the MediaPack gateway is connected. This enables unknown packets to be
routed to the DMZ port.
2.
Under ‘SIP Parameters’, enter the MediaPack Domain Name in the field ‘Gateway Name’. If
the field is not specified, the MediaPack IP address is used instead (default).
3.
When working with a Proxy server, set ‘Working with Proxy’ field to ‘Yes’ and enter the IP
address of the primary Proxy server in the field ‘Proxy IP Address’. When no Proxy is used,
the internal routing table is used to route the calls.
4.
Enter the Proxy Name in the field ‘Proxy Name’. If Proxy name is used, it replaces the Proxy
IP address in all SIP messages. This means that messages are still sent to the physical
Proxy IP address but the SIP URI contains the Proxy name instead.
5.
Configure ‘Enable Registration’ to ‘Yes’ or ‘No’:
‘No’ = the MediaPack does not register to a Proxy server/Registrar (default).
‘Yes’ = the MediaPack registers to a Proxy server/Registrar at power up and every
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‘Registration Time’ seconds; The MediaPack sends a REGISTER request according to the
‘Authentication Mode’ parameter. For detailed information on the parameters ‘Registration
Time’ and ‘Authentication Mode’, refer to Table 5-2 on page 57.
6.
Select the coder (i.e., vocoder) that best suits your VoIP system requirements. The default
coder is: G.7231 30 msec. To program the entire list of coders you want the MediaPack to
use, click the button on the left side of the ‘1st Coder’ field; the drop-down list for the 2nd to 5th
coders appears. Select coders according to your system requirements. Note that coders
higher on the list are preferred and take precedence over coders lower on the list.
Note:
The preferred coder is the coder that the MediaPack uses as a first choice
for all connections. If the far end gateway does not use this coder, the
MediaPack negotiates with the far end gateway to select a coder that both
sides can use.
7.
To program the Tel to IP Routing Table, press the arrow button next to ‘Tel to IP Routing
Table’. For information on how to configure the Tel to IP Routing Table, refer to Section
5.5.4.2 on page 83.
8.
To program the Endpoint Phone Number Table, press the arrow button next to ‘Endpoint
Phone Number’. For information on how to configure the Endpoint Phone Number Table,
refer to Section 5.5.6 on page 97.
9.
Click the Reset button and click OK in the prompt; The MediaPack applies the changes and
restarts.
You are now ready to start using the VoIP gateway. To prevent unauthorized access to the
MediaPack, it is recommended that you change the username and password that are used to
access the Web Interface. Refer to Section 5.6.5 on page 146 for details on how to change the
username and password.
Tip:
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Once the gateway is configured correctly back up your settings by making a
copy of the VoIP gateway configuration (ini file) and store it in a directory on
your PC. This saved file can be used to restore configuration settings at a
future time. For information on backing up and restoring the gateway’s
configuration, refer to Section 5.6.3 on page 144.
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the MediaPack
The Embedded Web Server is used both for gateway configuration, including loading of
configuration files, and for run-time monitoring. The Embedded Web Server can be accessed
from a standard Web browser, such as Microsoft™ Internet Explorer, Netscape™ Navigator, etc.
Specifically, users can employ this facility to set up the gateway configuration parameters. Users
also have the option to remotely reset the gateway and to permanently apply the new set of
parameters.
5.1
Computer Requirements
To use the Embedded Web Server, the following is required:
•
A computer capable of running your Web browser.
•
A network connection to the VoIP gateway.
•
One of the following compatible Web browsers:
¾
Microsoft™ Internet Explorer™ (version 6.0 and higher).
¾
Netscape™ Navigator™ (version 7.2 and higher).
Note:
5.2
The browser must be Java-script enabled. If java-script is disabled, access to
the Embedded Web Server is denied.
Protection and Security Mechanisms
Access to the Embedded Web Server is controlled by the following protection and security
mechanisms:
5.2.1
•
Dual access level username and password (refer to Section 5.2.1 below).
•
Read-only mode (refer to Section 5.2.2 below).
•
Disabling access (refer to Section 5.2.3 below).
•
Secured HTTP connection (HTTPS) (refer to Section 12.1.2 on page 213) (MP-11x only).
•
Limiting access to a predefined list of IP addresses (refer to Section 5.6.1.4 on page 120).
•
Managed access using a RADIUS server (refer to Section 12.2 on page 217) (MP-11x only).
Dual Access Level Username and Password
To prevent unauthorized access to the Embedded Web Server, two levels of security are
available: Administrator (also used for Telnet access) and Monitoring. Each employs a different
username and password. Users can access the Embedded Web Server as either:
•
Administrator - all Web screens are read-write and can be modified.
Default username ‘Admin’.
Default password ‘Admin’.
•
Monitoring - all Web screens are read-only and cannot be modified. In addition, the following
screens cannot be accessed: ’Reset‘, ‘Save Configuration‘, ‘Software Upgrade Wizard’, ‘Load
Auxiliary Files’, ‘Configuration File’ and ‘Regional Settings’. The ’Change Password‘ screen
can only be used to change the monitoring password.
Default username ‘User’.
Default password ‘User’.
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The first time a browser request is made, the user is requested to provide his Administrator or
Monitoring username and password to obtain access. Subsequent requests are negotiated by the
browser on behalf of the user, so that the user doesn’t have to re-enter the username and
password for each request, but the request is still authenticated (the Embedded Web Server uses
the MD5 authentication method supported by the HTTP 1.1 protocol).
For details on changing the Administrator and Monitoring username and password, refer to
Section 5.6.5 on page 146. Note that the password and username can be a maximum of 19 casesensitive characters.
To reset the Administrator and Monitoring username and password to their defaults, enable the
ini file parameter ‘ResetWebPassword’.
5.2.2
Limiting the Embedded Web Server to Read-Only Mode
Users can limit access to the Embedded Web Server to read-only mode by changing the ini file
parameter ‘DisableWebConfig’ to 1. In this mode all Web screens, regardless to the access level
used (Administrator or Monitoring), are read-only and cannot be modified. In addition, the
following screens cannot be accessed: ‘Quick Setup’, ‘Change Password’, ’Reset‘, ‘Save
Configuration‘, ‘Software Upgrade Wizard’, ‘Load Auxiliary Files’, ‘Configuration File’ and
‘Regional Settings’.
5.2.3
Disabling the Embedded Web Server
Access to the Embedded Web Server can be disabled by using the ini file parameter
‘DisableWebTask = 1’. The default is access enabled.
5.3
Accessing the Embedded Web Server
¾ To access the Embedded Web Server, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open a standard Web-browsing application such as Microsoft™ Internet Explorer™ or
Netscape™ Navigator™.
2.
In the Uniform Resource Locator (URL) field, specify the IP address of the MediaPack (e.g.,
http://10.1.10.10); the Embedded Web Server’s ‘Enter Network Password’ screen appears,
shown in Figure 5-1.
Figure 5-1: Embedded Web Server Login Screen
3.
In the ‘User Name’ and ‘Password’ fields, enter the username (default: ‘Admin’) and
password (default: ‘Admin’). Note that the username and password are case-sensitive.
4.
Click the OK button; the ‘Quick Setup’ screen is accessed (shown in Figure 4-1).
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5.3.1
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Using Internet Explorer to Access the Embedded Web Server
Internet explorer’s security settings may block access to the gateway’s Web browser if they’re
configured incorrectly. In this case, the following message is displayed:
Unauthorized
Correct authorization is required for this area. Either your browser does not perform
authorization or your authorization has failed. RomPager server.
¾ To troubleshoot blocked access to Internet Explorer™, take these 2
steps
5.4
1.
Delete all cookies from the Temporary Internet files. If this does not clear up the problem, the
security settings may need to be altered (refer to Step 2).
2.
In Internet Explorer, Tools, Internet Options select the Security tab, and then select Custom
Level. Scroll down until the Logon options are displayed and change the setting to Prompt
for username and password and then restart the browser. This fixes any issues related to
domain use logon policy.
Getting Acquainted with the Web Interface
Figure 5-2 shows the general layout of the Web Interface screen.
Figure 5-2: MediaPack Web Interface
Main Menu
Bar
Submenu
Bar
Title Bar
Main Action
Frame
Corporate
Logo
Control
Protocol
The Web Interface screen features the following components:
•
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Title bar - contains three configurable elements: corporate logo, a background image and the
product’s name. For information on how to modify these elements, refer to Section 10.5 on
page 206.
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5.4.1
•
Main menu bar - always appears on the left of every screen to quickly access parameters,
submenus, submenu options, functions and operations.
•
Submenu bar - appears on the top of screens and contains submenu options.
•
Main action frame - the main area of the screen in which information is viewed and
configured.
•
Corporate logo – AudioCodes’ corporate logo. For information on how to remove this logo
Section 10.5 on page 206.
•
Control Protocol – the MediaPack control protocol.
Main Menu Bar
The main menu bar of the Web Interface is divided into the following 7 menus:
•
Quick Setup – Use this menu to configure the gateway’s basic settings; for the full list of
configurable parameters go directly to ‘Protocol Management’ and ‘Advanced Configuration’
menus. An example of the Quick Setup configuration is described in Section 4.3 on page 45.
•
Protocol Management – Use this menu to configure the gateway’s control protocol
parameters and tables (refer to Section 5.5 on page 51).
•
Advanced Configuration – Use this menu to set the gateway’s advanced configuration
parameters (for advanced users only) (refer to Section 5.6 on page 114).
•
Status & Diagnostics – Use this menu to view and monitor the gateway’s channels, Syslog
messages, hardware / software product information, and to assess the gateway’s statistics
and IP connectivity information (refer to Section 5.7 on page 147).
•
Software Update – Use this menu when you want to load new software or configuration files
onto the gateway (refer to Section 5.8 on page 155).
•
Save Configuration – Use this menu to save configuration changes to the non-volatile flash
memory (refer to Section 5.9 on page 161).
•
Reset – Use this menu to remotely reset the gateway. Note that you can choose to save the
gateway configuration to flash memory before reset (refer to Section 5.9 on page 161).
When positioning your curser over a parameter name (or a table) for more than 1 second, a short
description of this parameter is displayed. Note that those parameters that are preceded with an
exclamation mark (!) are not changeable on-the-fly and require reset.
5.4.2
Saving Changes
To save changes to the volatile memory (RAM) press the Submit button (changes to parameters
with on-the-fly capabilities are immediately available, other parameter are updated only after a
gateway reset). Parameters that are only saved to the volatile memory revert to their previous
settings after hardware reset. When performing a software reset (i.e., via Web or SNMP) you can
choose to save the changes to the non-volatile memory. To save changes so they are available
after a power fail, you must save the changes to the non-volatile memory (flash). When Save
Configuration is performed, all parameters are saved to the flash memory.
To save the changes to flash, refer to Section 5.9 on page 161.
5.4.3
Entering Phone Numbers in Various Tables
Phone numbers entered into various tables on the gateway, such as the Tel to IP routing table,
must be entered without any formatting characters. For example, if you wish to enter the phone
number 555-1212, it must be entered as 5551212 without the hyphen (-). If the hyphen is entered,
the entry does not work. The hyphen character is used in number entry only, as part of a range
definition. For example, the entry [20-29] means ‘all numbers in the range 20 to 29’.
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Protocol Management
Use this menu to configure the gateway’s SIP parameters and tables.
Note:
5.5.1
Those parameters contained within square brackets are the names used to
configure the parameters via the ini file.
Protocol Definition Parameters
Use this submenu to configure the gateway’s specific SIP protocol parameters.
5.5.1.1
General Parameters
Use this screen to configure general SIP parameters.
¾ To configure the general parameters under Protocol Definition, take
these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘General Parameters’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Protocol Definition
submenu > General Parameters option); the ‘General Parameters’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-3: Protocol Definition, General Parameters Screen
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2.
Configure the general parameters under Protocol Definition according to Table 5-1.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-1: Protocol Definition, General Parameters (continues on pages 52 to 55)
Parameter
Description
PRACK Mode
[PRACKMode]
PRACK mechanism mode for 1XX reliable responses:
Disable
[0].
Supported
[1] (default).
Required
[2].
Note 1: The Supported and Required headers contain the ‘100rel’ parameter.
Note 2: MediaPack sends PRACK message if 180/183 response is received with
‘100rel’ in the Supported or the Required headers.
Channel Select Mode
[ChannelSelectMode]
Port allocation algorithm for IP to Tel calls.
You can select one of the following methods:
•
By phone number [0] = Select the gateway port according to the called number
(called number is defined in the ‘Endpoint Phone Number’ table).
• Cyclic Ascending [1] = Select the next available channel in an ascending cycle
order. Always select the next higher channel number in the hunt group. When the
gateway reaches the highest channel number in the hunt group, it selects the
lowest channel number in the hunt group and then starts ascending again.
• Ascending [2] = Select the lowest available channel. Always start at the lowest
channel number in the hunt group and if that channel is not available, select the
next higher channel.
• Cyclic Descending [3] = Select the next available channel in descending cycle
order. Always select the next lower channel number in the hunt group. When the
gateway reaches the lowest channel number in the hunt group, it selects the
highest channel number in the hunt group and then starts descending again.
• Descending [4] = Select the highest available channel. Always start at the highest
channel number in the hunt group and if that channel is not available, select the
next lower channel.
• Number + Cyclic Ascending [5] = First select the gateway port according to the
called number (called number is defined in the ‘Endpoint Phone Number’ table). If
the called number isn’t found, then select the next available channel in ascending
cyclic order. Note that if the called number is found, but the port associated with this
number is busy, the call is released.
The default method is ‘By Phone Number’.
Enable Early Media
[EnableEarlyMedia]
No [0] = Early Media is disabled (default).
Yes [1] = Enable Early Media.
If enabled, the gateway sends 183 Session Progress response with SDP (instead of 180
Ringing), allowing the media stream to be set up prior to the answering of the call.
Note that to send 183 response you must also set the parameter ‘ProgressIndicator2IP’
to 1. If it is equal to 0, 180 Ringing response is sent.
Note: Generally, this parameter is set to 1.
Session-Expires Time
[SIPSessionExpires]
Determines the timeout (in seconds) for keeping a re-INVITE message alive within a SIP
session. The SIP session is refreshed (using INVITE) each time this timer expires.
The default is 0 (not activated).
Minimum Session-Expires
[MINSE]
Defines the time (in seconds) that is used in the Min-SE header field. This field defines
the minimum time that the user agent supports for session refresh.
The valid range is 10 to 100000. The default value is 90.
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Table 5-1: Protocol Definition, General Parameters (continues on pages 52 to 55)
Parameter
Description
Asserted Identity Mode
[AssertedIdMode]
Disable [0] = None (default).
Adding PAsserted Identity [1].
Adding PPreferred Identity [2].
The Asserted ID mode defines the header that is used in the generated INVITE request.
The header also depends on the calling Privacy: allowed or restricted.
The P-asserted (or P-preferred) headers are used to present the originating party’s
Caller ID. The Caller ID is composed of a Calling Number and (optionally) a Calling
Name.
P-asserted (or P-preferred) headers are used together with the Privacy header. If Caller
ID is restricted the ‘Privacy: id’ is included. Otherwise for allowed Caller ID the ‘Privacy:
none’ is used. If Caller ID is restricted (received from Tel or configured in the gateway),
the From header is set to <anonymous@anonymous.invalid>.
Fax Signaling Method
[IsFaxUsed]
Determines the SIP signaling method used to establish and convey a fax session after a
fax is detected.
No Fax
[0] = No fax negotiation using SIP signaling (default).
T.38 Relay
[1] = Initiates T.38 fax relay.
G.711 Transport
[2] = Initiates fax using the coder G.711 A-law/µ-law with
adaptations (refer to note 1).
Fax Fallback
[3] = Initiates T.38 fax relay. If the T.38 negotiation fails, the
gateway re-initiates a fax session using the coder G.711 A-law/µ-law with adaptations
(see note 1).
Note 1: Fax adaptations:
Echo Canceller = On
Silence Compression = Off
Echo Canceller Non-Linear Processor Mode = Off
Dynamic Jitter Buffer Minimum Delay = 40
Dynamic Jitter Buffer Optimization Factor = 13
Note 2: If the gateway initiates a fax session using G.711 (option 2 and possibly 3), a
‘gpmd’ attribute is added to the SDP in the following format:
For A-law: ‘a=gpmd:0 vbd=yes;ecan=on’. For µ-law: ‘a=gpmd:8 vbd=yes;ecan=on’.
Note 3: When ‘IsFaxUsed’ is set to 1, 2 or 3 the parameter ‘FaxTransportMode’ is
ignored.
Detect Fax on Answer Tone
[DetFaxOnAnswerTone]
Initiate T.38 on Preamble [0] = Terminating fax gateway initiates T.38 session on
receiving of HDLC preamble signal from fax (default)
Initiate T.38 on CED
[1] = Terminating fax gateway initiates T.38 session on
receiving of CED answer tone from fax.
Note: This parameters is applicable only if ‘IsFaxUsed = 1’.
SIP Transport Type
[SIPTransportType]
Determines the default transport layer used for outgoing SIP calls initiated by the
gateway.
UDP [0] (default).
TCP [1].
TLS [2] (SIPS) (MP-11x only).
Note: It is recommended to use TLS to communicate with a SIP Proxy and not for direct
gateway-gateway communication.
SIP UDP Local Port
[LocalSIPPort]
Local UDP port used to receive SIP messages.
The default value is 5060.
SIP TCP Local Port
[TCPLocalSIPPort]
Local TCP port used to receive SIP messages (MP-11x only).
The default value is 5060.
SIP TLS Local Port
[TLSLocalSIPPort]
Local TLS port used to receive SIP messages.
The default value is 5061.
Note: The value of ‘TLSLocalSIPPort’ must be different to the value of
‘TCPLocalSIPPort’.
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Table 5-1: Protocol Definition, General Parameters (continues on pages 52 to 55)
Parameter
Description
Enable SIPS
[EnableSIPS]
Enables secured SIP (SIPS) connections over multiple hops (MP-11x only).
Disable [0] (default).
Enable [1].
When SIPTransportType = 2 (TLS) and EnableSIPS is disabled, TLS is used for the
next network hop only.
When SIPTransportType = 2 (TLS) or 1 (TCP) and EnableSIPS is enabled, TLS is used
through the entire connection (over multiple hops).
Note: If SIPS is enabled and SIPTransportType = UDP, the connection fails.
SIP Destination Port
[SIPDestinationPort]
SIP UDP destination port for sending SIP messages.
The default value is 5060.
Use “user=phone” in SIP URL No [0] = ‘user=phone’ string isn’t used in SIP URL.
[IsUserPhone]
Yes [1] = ‘user=phone’ string is part of the SIP URL (default).
Use “user=phone” in From
header
[IsUserPhoneInFrom]
No [0] = Doesn’t use ‘;user=phone’ string in From header (default).
Yes [1] = ‘;user=phone’ string is part of the From header.
Tel to IP No Answer Timeout
[IPAlertTimeout]
Defines the time (in seconds) the gateway waits for a 200 OK response from the called
party (IP side) after sending an INVITE message. If the timer expires, the call is
released.
The valid range is 0 to 3600. The default value is 180.
Enable Remote Party ID
[EnableRPIheader]
Enable Remote-Party-ID (RPI) headers for calling and called numbers for TelÆIP calls.
Disable [0] (default).
Enable [1] = RPI headers are generated in SIP INVITE messages for both called and
calling numbers.
Add Number Plan and Type to No [0] = TON/PLAN parameters aren’t included in the RPID header.
Yes [1] = TON/PLAN parameters are included in the RPID header (default).
Remote Party ID Header
[AddTON2RPI]
If RPID header is enabled (EnableRPIHeader = 1) and ‘AddTON2RPI=1’, it is possible
to configure the calling and called number type and number plan using the Number
Manipulation tables for TelÆIP calls.
No [0] = Interworks the Tel calling name to SIP Display Name (default).
Use Source Number as
Yes [1] = Set Display Name to Calling Number if not configured.
Display Name
[UseSourceNumberAsDispl
ayName]
Applicable to TelÆIP calls. If enabled and calling party name is not defined
(CallerDisplayInfoX = <name> is not specified per gateway’s x port), the calling number
is used instead.
Use Display Name as Source
Number
[UseDisplayNameAsSource
Number]
No [0] = Interworks the IP Source Number to the Tel Source Number (default).
Yes [1] = Sets the Tel Source Number to IP Display Name.
Applicable to IPÆTel calls.
If enabled, the outgoing Source Number is set to the IP Display Name and Presentation
is set to Allowed. If there isn’t a Display Name, the user part of the SIP URI is used as
the Source Number, and the Presentation is set to Restricted.
For example:
When the following is received ’from: 100 <sip:200@201.202.203.204>’, the outgoing
Source Number is set to ’100’, the Display Name is set to ’100’ and the Presentation is
set to Allowed (0).
When the following is received ‘from: <sip:100@101.102.103.104>’, the outgoing
Source Number is set to ‘100’ and the Presentation is set to Restricted (1).
Play Ringback Tone to IP
[PlayRBTone2IP]
Don’t Play
[0] = Ringback tone isn’t played to the IP side of the call (default).
Play
[1] = Ringback tone is played to the IP side of the call after SIP 183
session progress response is sent.
Note 1: To enable the gateway to send a 183 response, set ‘EnableEarlyMedia’ to 1.
Note 2: If ‘EnableDigitDelivery = 1’, the gateway doesn’t play a Ringback tone to IP and
doesn’t send a 183 response.
Play Ringback Tone to Tel
[PlayRBTone2Tel]
Don’t Play
[0] = Ringback Tone isn’t played.
Always Play [1] = Ringback Tone is played to the Tel side of the call when 180/183
response is received.
Play According to PI [3] = N/A.
Play According to 180/183 [2] = Ringback Tone is played to the Tel side of the call if no
SDP is received in 180/183 responses. If 180/183 with SDP message is received, the
gateway cuts through the voice channel and doesn’t play Ringback tone (default).
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Table 5-1: Protocol Definition, General Parameters (continues on pages 52 to 55)
Parameter
Description
Retransmission Parameters
SIP T1 Retransmission Timer The time interval (in msec) between the first transmission of a SIP message and the first
[msec]
retransmission of the same message.
[SipT1Rtx]
The default is 500.
Note: The time interval between subsequent retransmissions of the same SIP message
starts with SipT1Rtx and is multiplied by two until SipT2Rtx.
For example (assuming that SipT1Rtx = 500 and SipT2Rtx = 4000):
The first retransmission is sent after 500 msec.
The second retransmission is sent after 1000 (2*500) msec.
The third retransmission is sent after 2000 (2*1000) msec.
The fourth retransmission and subsequent retransmissions until SIPMaxRtx are sent
after 4000 (2*2000) msec.
SIP T2 Retransmission Timer The maximum interval (in msec) between retransmissions of SIP messages.
[msec]
The default is 4000.
[SipT2Rtx]
Note: The time interval between subsequent retransmissions of the same SIP message
starts with SipT1Rtx and is multiplied by two until SipT2Rtx.
SIP Maximum Rtx
[SIPMaxRtx]
Version 4.6
Number of UDP retransmissions of SIP messages.
The range is 1 to 7.
The default value is 7.
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5.5.1.2
Proxy & Registration Parameters
Use this screen to configure parameters that are associated with Proxy and Registration.
¾ To configure the Proxy & Registration parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Proxy & Registration’ parameters screen (Protocol Management menu >
Protocol Definition submenu > Proxy & Registration option); the ‘Proxy & Registration’
parameters screen is displayed.
Figure 5-4: Proxy & Registration Parameters Screen
2.
Configure the Proxy & Registration parameters according to Table 5-2.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes, or click the Register or Un-Register buttons
to save your changes and to register / unregister to a Proxy / Registrar.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Table 5-2: Proxy & Registration Parameters (continues on pages 57 to 60)
Parameter
Description
Enable Proxy
[IsProxyUsed]
Don’t Use Proxy
[0] = Proxy isn’t used, the internal routing table is used instead
(default).
Use Proxy
[1] = Proxy is used.
If you are using a Proxy server, enter the IP address of the primary Proxy server in the
Proxy IP address field.
If you are not using a Proxy server, you must configure the Tel to IP Routing table on the
gateway (described in Section 5.5.4.2 on page 83).
Proxy Name
[ProxyName]
Defines the Home Proxy Domain Name.
If specified, the Proxy Name is used as Request-URI in REGISTER, INVITE and other SIP
messages. If not specified, the Proxy IP address is used instead.
Proxy IP Address
[ProxyIP]
IP address (and optionally port number) of the primary Proxy server you are using.
Enter the IP address as FQDN or in dotted format notation (for example 201.10.8.1).
You can also specify the selected port in the format: <IP Address>:<port>.
This parameter is applicable only if you select ‘Yes’ in the ‘Is Proxy Used’ field.
If you enable Proxy Redundancy (by setting EnableProxyKeepAlive=1), the gateway can
work with up to three Proxy servers. If there is no response from the primary Proxy, the
gateway tries to communicate with the redundant Proxies. When a redundant Proxy is
found, the gateway either continues working with it until the next failure occurs or reverts
to the primary Proxy (refer to the ‘Redundancy Mode’ parameter). If none of the Proxy
servers respond, the gateway goes over the list again.
The gateway also provides real time switching (hotswap mode), between the primary and
redundant proxies (‘IsProxyHotSwap=1’). If the first Proxy doesn’t respond to INVITE
message, the same INVITE message is immediately sent to the second Proxy.
Note 1: If ‘EnableProxyKeepAlive=1’, the gateway monitors the connection with the
Proxies by using keep-alive messages (OPTIONS).
Note 2: To use Proxy Redundancy, you must specify one or more redundant Proxies
using multiple ’ProxyIP= <IP address>’ definitions.
Note 3: When port number is specified (e.g., domain.com:5080), DNS SRV queries aren’t
performed, even if ‘EnableProxySRVQuery’ is set to 1.
Gateway Name
[SIPGatewayName]
Use this parameter to assign a name to the device (For example: ‘gateway1.com’). Ensure
that the name you choose is the one that the Proxy is configured with to identify your
media gateway.
Note: If specified, the gateway Name is used as the host part of the SIP URL, in both ‘To’
and ‘From’ headers. If not specified, the gateway IP address is used instead (default).
Gateway Registration Name Defines the user name that is used in From and To headers of REGISTER messages.
[GWRegistrationName]
Applicable only to single registration per gateway (’AuthenticationMode = 1).
If ‘GWRegistrationName’ isn’t specified (default), the ’Username’ parameter is used
instead.
Note: If ‘AuthenticationMode=0’, all the gateway’s endpoints are registered with a user
name that equals to the endpoint’s phone number.
First Redundant Proxy IP
Address
[ProxyIP]
IP addresses of the first redundant Proxy you are using.
Enter the IP address as FQDN or in dotted format notation (for example 192.10.1.255).
You can also specify the selected port in the format: <IP Address>:<port>.
Note 1: This parameter is available only if you select ‘Yes’ in the ‘Enable Proxy’ field.
Note 2: When port number is specified, DNS SRV queries aren’t performed, even if
‘EnableProxySRVQuery’ is set to 1.
ini file note: The IP address of the first redundant Proxy is defined by the second
repetition of the ini file parameter ‘ProxyIP’.
Second Redundant Proxy
IP Address
[ProxyIP]
IP addresses of the second redundant Proxy you are using.
Enter the IP address as FQDN or in dotted format notation (for example 192.10.1.255).
You can also specify the selected port in the format: <IP Address>:<port>.
Note 1: This parameter is available only if you select ‘Yes’ in the ‘Enable Proxy’ field.
Note 2: When port number is specified, DNS SRV queries aren’t performed, even if
‘EnableProxySRVQuery’ is set to 1.
ini file note: The IP address of the second redundant Proxy is defined by the third
repetition of the ini file parameter ‘ProxyIP’.
Version 4.6
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Table 5-2: Proxy & Registration Parameters (continues on pages 57 to 60)
Parameter
Description
Third Redundant Proxy IP
Address
[ProxyIP]
IP addresses of the third redundant Proxy you are using.
Enter the IP address as FQDN or in dotted format notation (for example 192.10.1.255).
You can also specify the selected port in the format: <IP Address>:<port>.
Note 1: This parameter is available only if you select ‘Yes’ in the ‘Enable Proxy’ field.
Note 2: When port number is specified, DNS SRV queries aren’t performed, even if
‘EnableProxySRVQuery’ is set to 1.
ini file note: The IP addresses of the third redundant Proxy is defined by the forth
repetition of the ini file parameter ‘ProxyIP’.
Enable SRV Queries
[EnableSRVQuery]
Enables the use of DNS Service Record (SRV) queries to resolve Proxy and Registrar
servers and to resolve all domain names that appear in the Contact and Record-Route
headers.
Disable [0] (default).
Enable [1].
If enabled and the Proxy / Registrar IP address parameter or the domain name in the
Contact / Record-Route headers contains a domain name without port definition, an SRV
query is performed. The gateway uses the first host name received from the SRV query.
The gateway then performs DNS A-record query for the host name to locate an IP
address.
If the Proxy / Registrar IP address parameter or the domain name in the Contact / RecordRoute headers contains a domain name with port definition, the gateway performs a
regular DNS A-record query.
To enable SRV queries only for Proxy servers, set the parameter ‘EnableProxySRVQuery’
to 1.
Enable Proxy SRV Queries Enables the use of DNS Service Record (SRV) queries to discover Proxy servers.
[EnableProxySRVQuery] Disable [0]
= Disabled (default).
Enable [1]
= Enabled.
If enabled and the Proxy IP address parameter contains a domain name without port
definition (e.g., ProxyIP = domain.com), an SRV query is performed. The SRV query
returns up to four Proxy host names and their weights. The gateway then performs DNS
A-record queries for each Proxy host name (according to the received weights) to locate
up to four Proxy IP addresses. Therefore, if the first SRV query returns two domain
names, and the A-record queries return 2 IP addresses each, no more searches are
performed.
If the Proxy IP address parameter contains a domain name with port definition (e.g.,
ProxyIP = domain.com:5080), the gateway performs a regular DNS A-record query.
Note: When enabled, SRV queries are used to discover Proxy servers even if the
parameter ‘EnableSRVQuery’ is disabled.
Parking [0] = Gateway continues working with the last active Proxy until the next failure
Redundancy Mode
[ProxyRedundancyMode] (default).
Homing [1] = Gateway always tries to work with the primary Proxy server (switches back
to the main Proxy whenever it is available).
Note: To use Redundancy Mode, enable Keep-alive with Proxy option (Enable Proxy
Keep Alive = Yes).
Is Proxy Trusted
[IsTrustedProxy]
This parameter isn’t applicable and must always be set to ‘Yes’ [1].
The parameter ‘AssertedIdMode’ should be used instead.
Enable Registration
[IsRegisterNeeded]
No [0] = Gateway doesn’t register to Proxy / Registrar (default).
Yes [1] = Gateway registers to Proxy / Registrar when the device is powered up and every
RegistrationTime seconds.
Note: The gateway sends a REGISTER request for each channel or for the entire gateway
(according to the AuthenticationMode parameter).
Registrar Name
[RegistrarName]
Registrar Domain Name.
If specified, the name is used as Request-URI in REGISTER messages.
If isn’t specified (default), the Registrar IP address or Proxy name or Proxy IP address is
used instead.
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Table 5-2: Proxy & Registration Parameters (continues on pages 57 to 60)
Parameter
Description
Registrar IP Address
[RegistrarIP]
IP address and optionally port number of Registrar server.
Enter the IP address in dotted format notation, for example 201.10.8.1:<5080>.
Note 1: If not specified, the REGISTER request is sent to the primary Proxy server (refer
to ‘Proxy IP address’ parameter).
Note 2: When port number is specified, DNS SRV queries aren’t performed, even if
‘EnableSRVQuery’ is set to 1.
Registration Time
[RegistrationTime]
Time (in seconds) for which registration to a Proxy server is valid. The value is used in the
‘Expires = ‘ header. Typically a value of 3600 is assigned, for one hour registration.
The gateway resumes registration when half the defined timeout period expires.
The default is 3600 seconds.
Re-registration Timing (%) Defines the re-registration timing (in percentage). The timing is a percentage of the re[RegistrationTimeDivider] register timing set by the Registration server.
The valid range is 50 to 100. The default value is 50.
For example: If ‘RegistrationTimeDivider = 70’ (%) and Registration Expires time = 3600,
the gateway resends its registration request after 3600 x 70% = 2520 sec.
Registration Retry Time
[RegistrationRetryTime]
Defines the time period (in seconds) after which a Registration request is resent if
registration fails with 4xx, or there is no response from the Proxy/Registrar.
The default is 30 seconds. The range is 10 to 3600.
Subscription Mode
[SubscriptionMode]
Determines the method the gateway uses to subscribe to an MWI server.
Per Endpoint [0] = Each endpoint subscribes separately. This method is usually used for
FXS gateways (default).
Per Gateway [1] = Single subscription for the entire gateway. This method is usually used
for FXO gateways.
Enable Proxy Keep Alive
[EnableProxyKeepAlive]
No [0] = Disable (default).
Yes [1] = Keep alive with Proxy is enabled.
If enabled, OPTIONS SIP message is sent every ‘Proxy Keep-Alive Time’.
Note: This parameter must be enabled when Proxy redundancy is used.
Proxy Keep Alive Time
[ProxyKeepAliveTime]
Defines the Proxy keep-alive time interval (in seconds) between OPTIONS messages.
The default value is 60 seconds.
Use Gateway Name for
OPTIONS
[UseGatewayNameForOpt
ions]
No [0] = Use the gateway’s IP address in keep-alive OPTIONS messages (default).
Yes [1] = Use ‘GatewayName’ in keep-alive OPTIONS messages.
The OPTIONS Request-URI host part contains either the gateway’s IP address or a string
defined by the parameter ‘Gatewayname’.
The gateway uses the OPTIONS request as a keep-alive message to its primary and
redundant Proxies.
Enable Fallback to Routing
Table
[IsFallbackUsed]
No [0] = Gateway fallback is not used (default).
Yes [1] = Internal Tel to IP Routing table is used when Proxy servers are not available.
When the gateway falls back to the internal Tel to IP Routing table, the gateway continues
scanning for a Proxy. When the gateway finds an active Proxy, it switches from internal
routing back to Proxy routing.
Note: To enable the redundant Proxies mechanism set ‘EnableProxyKeepAlive’ to 1.
PreferRouteTable
[Prefer Routing Table]
Determines if the local Tel to IP routing table takes precedence over a Proxy for routing
calls.
No [0] = Only Proxy is used to route calls (default).
Yes [1] = The Proxy checks the 'Destination IP Address' field in the 'Tel to IP Routing'
table for a match with the outgoing call. Only if a match is not found, a Proxy is used.
Note: Applicable only if Proxy is not always used (‘AlwaysSendToProxy’ = 0,
‘SendInviteToProxy’ = 0).
Use Routing Table for Host Use the internal Tel to IP routing table to obtain the URL Host name and (optionally) an IP
Names and Profiles
profile (per call), even if Proxy server is used.
[AlwaysUseRouteTable]
No [0] = Don’t use (default).
Yes [1] = Use.
Note: This Domain name is used, instead of Proxy name or Proxy IP address, in the
INVITE SIP URL.
Always Use Proxy
[AlwaysSendToProxy]
Version 4.6
No [0] = Use standard SIP routing rules (default).
Yes [1] = All SIP messages and Responses are sent to Proxy server.
Note: Applicable only if Proxy server is used.
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Table 5-2: Proxy & Registration Parameters (continues on pages 57 to 60)
Parameter
Description
Send All INVITE to Proxy
[SendInviteToProxy]
No [0] = INVITE messages, generated as a result of Transfer or Redirect, are sent
directly to the URL (according to the refer-to header in the REFER message or contact
header in 30x response) (default).
Yes [1] = All INVITE messages, including those generated as a result of Transfer or
Redirect are sent to Proxy.
Note: Applicable only if Proxy server is used and ‘AlwaysSendtoProxy=0’.
Enable Proxy Hot-Swap
[IsProxyHotSwap]
Enable Proxy Hot-Swap redundancy mode.
No [0] = Disabled (default).
Yes [1] = Enabled.
If Hot Swap is enabled, SIP INVITE message is first sent to the primary Proxy server. If
there is no response from the primary Proxy server for ‘Number of RTX before Hot-Swap’
retransmissions, the INVITE message is resent to the redundant Proxy server.
Number of RTX Before Hot- Number of retransmitted INVITE messages before call is routed (hot swapped) to another
Swap
Proxy.
[ProxyHotSwapRtx]
The range is 1-30. The default is 3.
Note: This parameter is also used for alternative routing using the Tel to IP Routing table.
If a domain name in the routing table is resolved into 2 IP addresses, and if there is no
response for ‘ProxyHotSwapRtx’ retransmissions to the INVITE message that is sent to
the first IP address, the gateway immediately initiates a call to the second IP address.
User Name
[UserName]
Note: The Authentication
table can be used instead.
Username used for Registration and for Basic/Digest authentication process with Proxy /
Registrar.
Parameter doesn’t have a default value (empty string).
Note: Applicable only if single gateway registration is used (‘Authentication Mode =
Authentication Per gateway’).
Password
[Password]
Password used for Basic/Digest authentication process with Proxy / Registrar. Single
password is used for all gateway ports.
The default is ‘Default_Passwd’.
Note: The Authentication table can be used instead.
Cnonce
[Cnonce]
String used by the server and client to provide mutual authentication. (Free format i.e.,
‘Cnonce = 0a4f113b’).
The default is ‘Default_Cnonce’.
Authentication Mode
[AuthenticationMode]
Per Endpoint [0] = Registration & Authentication separately for each endpoint (default).
Per gateway [1] = Single Registration & Authentication for the gateway.
Per Ch. Select Mode [2] = N/A.
Usually Authentication on a per endpoint basis is used for FXS gateways, in which each
endpoint registers (and authenticates) separately with its own username and password.
Single Registration and Authentication (Authentication Mode=1) is usually defined for FXO
gateways.
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5.5.1.3
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Coders
From the Coders screen you can configure the first to fifth preferred coders (and their
corresponding ptimes) for the gateway. The first coder is the highest priority coder and is used by
the gateway whenever possible. If the far end gateway cannot use the coder assigned as the first
coder, the gateway attempts to use the next coder and so forth.
¾ To configure the Gateway’s coders, take these 6 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Coders’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Protocol Definition submenu >
Coders option); the ‘Coders’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-5: Coders Screen
2.
From the coder drop-down list, select the coder you want to use. For the full list of available
coders and their corresponding ptimes, refer to Table 5-3.
Note: Each coder can appear only once.
3.
From the drop-down list to the right of the coder list, select the size of the Voice Packet
(ptime) used with this coder in milliseconds. Selecting the size of the packet determines how
many coder payloads are combined into one RTP (voice) packet.
Note 1: The ptime packetization period depends on the selected coder name.
Note 2: If not specified, the ptime gets a default value.
Note 3: The ptime specifies the maximum packetization time the gateway can receive.
4.
Repeat steps 2 and 3 for the second to fifth coders (optional).
5.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
6.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Note:
Version 4.6
Only the ptime of the first coder in the defined coder list is declared in INVITE
/ 200 OK SDP, even if multiple coders are defined.
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Table 5-3: ini File Coder Parameter
Parameter
Description
CoderName
Enter the coders in the format: CoderName=<Coder>,<ptime>.
For example:
CoderName = g711Alaw64k,20
CoderName = g711Ulaw64k,40
CoderName = g7231,90
Note 1: This parameter (CoderName) can appear up to 10 times.
Note 2: The coder name is case-sensitive.
You can select the following coders:
g711Alaw64k – G.711 A-law.
g711Ulaw64k – G.711 µ-law.
g7231
– G.723.1 6.3 kbps (default).
g7231r53
– G.723.1 5.3 kbps.
g726
– G.726 ADPCM 32 kbps (Payload Type = 2).
g729
– G.729A.
g729_AnnexB – G.729 Annex B.
Note: If the coder G.729 is selected, the gateway includes ‘annexb=no’ in the SDP of the
relevant SIP messages. If G.729 Annex B is selected, ‘annexb=yes’ is included. An
exception to this logic is when the remote gateway is a Cisco device (IsCiscoSCEMode).
The RTP packetization period (ptime, in msec) depends on the selected coder name, and
can have the following values:
G.711
G.729
G.723
G.726
MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
– 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 (default=20).
– 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 (default=20).
– 30, 60, 90 (default = 30).
– 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120 (default=20).
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5.5.1.4
5. Configuring the MediaPack
DTMF & Dialing Parameters
Use this screen to configure parameters that are associated with DTMF and dialing.
¾ To configure the dialing parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘DTMF & Dialing’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Protocol Definition
submenu > DTMF & Dialing option); the ‘DTMF & Dialing’ parameters screen is displayed.
Figure 5-6: DTMF & Dialing Parameters Screen
2.
Configure the DTMF & Dialing parameters according to Table 5-4.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-4: DTMF & Dialing Parameters (continues on pages 63 to 65)
Parameter
Description
Max Digits in Phone Num
[MaxDigits]
Maximum number of digits that can be dialed.
The valid range is 1 to 49.
The default value is 5.
Note: Dialing ends when the maximum number of digits is dialed, the Interdigit Timeout
expires, the '#' key is dialed, or a digit map pattern is matched.
Note: Digit Mapping Rules
can be used instead.
Inter Digits Timeout [sec]
[TimeBetweenDigits]
Version 4.6
Time in seconds that the gateway waits between digits dialed by the user. When the
Interdigit Timeout expires, the gateway attempts to dial the digits already received.
The valid range is 1 to 10 seconds. The default value is 4 seconds.
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Table 5-4: DTMF & Dialing Parameters (continues on pages 63 to 65)
Parameter
Description
Use Out-of-Band DTMF
[IsDTMFUsed]
Use out-of-band signaling to relay DTMF digits.
No
[0] = DTMF digits are sent in-band (default).
Yes [1] = DTMF digits are sent out-of-band according to the parameter ‘Out-of-band
DTMF format’.
Note: When out-of-band DTMF transfer is used, the parameter ‘DTMF Transport Type’
is automatically set to 0 (erase the DTMF digits from the RTP stream).
Out-of-Band DTMF Format
[OutOfBandDTMFFormat]
The exact method to send out-of-band DTMF digits.
INFO (Nortel)
[1] = Sends DTMF digits according with IETF <draft-choudhuri-sipinfo-digit-00>.
INFO (Cisco)
[2] = Sends DTMF digits according with Cisco format (default).
NOTIFY (3Com)
[3] = NOTIFY format <draft-mahy-sipping-signaled-digits-01.txt>.
Note 1: To use out-of-band DTMF, set ‘IsDTMFUsed=1’.
Note 2: When using out-of-band DTMF, the ‘DTMFTransportType’ parameter is
automatically set to 0, to erase the DTMF digits from the RTP stream.
Declare RFC 2833 in SDP
[RxDTMFOption]
Defines the supported Receive DTMF negotiation method.
No [0] = Don’t declare RFC 2833 Telephony-event parameter in SDP
Yes [3] = Declare RFC 2833 Telephony-event parameter in SDP (default)
The MediaPack is designed to always be receptive to RFC 2833 DTMF relay packets.
Therefore, it is always correct to include the ‘Telephony-event’ parameter as a default in
the SDP. However some gateways use the absence of the ‘telephony-event’ from the
SDP to decide to send DTMF digits in-band using G.711 coder, if this is the case you
can set ‘RxDTMFOption=0’.
DTMF RFC 2833 Negotiation
[TxDTMFOption]
Disable [0] = No negotiation, DTMF digit is sent according to the parameters ‘DTMF
Transport Type’ and ‘RFC2833PayloadType’ (default).
Enable [4] = Enable RFC 2833 payload type (PT) negotiation.
Note 1: This parameter is applicable only if ‘IsDTMFUsed=0’ (out-of-band DTMF is not
used).
Note 2: If enabled, the gateway:
•
•
•
Negotiates RFC 2833 payload type using local and remote SDPs.
Sends DTMF packets using RFC 2833 PT according to the PT in the received SDP.
Expects to receive RFC 2833 packets with the same PT as configured by the
‘RFC2833PayloadType’ parameter.
Note 3: If the remote party doesn’t include the RFC 2833 DTMF relay payload type in
the SDP, the gateway uses the same PT for send and for receive.
Note 4: If TxDTMFOption is set to 0, the RFC 2833 payload type is set according to the
parameter ‘RFC2833PayloadType’ for both transmit and receive.
RFC 2833 Payload Type
[RFC2833PayloadType]
The RFC 2833 DTMF relay dynamic payload type.
Range: 96 to 99, 106 to 127; Default = 96
The 100, 102 to 105 range is allocated for proprietary usage.
Note 1: Cisco is using payload type 101 for RFC 2833.
Note 2: When RFC 2833 payload type (PT) negotiation is used (TxDTMFOption=4), this
payload type is used for the received DTMF packets. If negotiation isn’t used, this
payload type is used for receive and for transmit.
Use INFO for Hook-Flash
[IsHookFlashUsed]
No [0] = INFO message isn’t sent (default).
Yes [1] = Proprietary INFO message with hook-flash is sent when hook-flash is detected
(FXS). FXO gateways generate a hook-flash signal when INFO message with hookflash is received.
Note: When either of the supplementary services (Hold, Transfer or Call Waiting) is
enabled, hook-flash is used internally, and thus the hook-flash signal isn’t sent via an
INFO message.
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Table 5-4: DTMF & Dialing Parameters (continues on pages 63 to 65)
Parameter
Description
Digit Mapping Rules
[DigitMapping]
Digit map pattern. If the digit string (dialed number) has matched one of the patterns in
the digit map, the gateway stops collecting digits and starts to establish a call with the
collected number
The digit map pattern contains up to 52 options separated by a vertical bar (|).
The maximum length of the entire digit pattern is limited to 152 characters.
Available notations:
• [n-m] represents a range of numbers
• ‘.’ (single dot) represents repetition
• ‘x’ represents any single digit
• ‘T’ represents a dial timer (configured by TimeBetweenDigits parameter)
• ‘S’ should be used when a specific rule, that is part of a general rule, is to be
applied immediately. For example, if you enter the general rule x.T and the specific
rule 11x, you should append ‘S’ to the specific rule 11xS.
For example: 11xS|00T|[1-7]xxx|8xxxxxxx|#xxxxxxx|*xx|91xxxxxxxxxx|9011x.T
Dial Tone Duration [sec]
[TimeForDialTone]
Time in seconds that the dial tone is played.
The default time is 16 seconds.
FXS gateway ports play the dial tone after phone is picked up; while FXO gateway ports
play the dial tone after port is seized in response to ringing.
Note 1: During play of dial tone, the gateway waits for DTMF digits.
Note 2: ‘TimeForDialTone’ is not applicable when Automatic Dialing is enabled.
Hot Line Dial Tone Duration
[HotLineDialToneDuration]
Duration (in seconds) of the Hotline dial tone.
If no digits are received during the Hotline dial tone duration, the gateway initiates a call
to a preconfigured number (set in the automatic dialing table).
The valid range is 0 to 60. The default time is 16 seconds.
Applicable to FXS and FXO gateways.
Enable Special Digits
[IsSpecialDigits]
Disable [0] = ‘*’ or ‘#’ terminate number collection (default).
Enable [1] = if you want to allow ‘*’ and ‘#’ to be used for telephone numbers dialed by
a user or entered for the endpoint telephone number.
Note: The # and * can always be used as first digit of a dialed number, even if you
select ‘Disable’ for this parameter.
Default Destination Number
[DefaultNumber]
Defines the telephone number that the gateway uses if the parameters ‘TrunkGroup_x’
or ’ChannelList‘ doesn’t include a phone number. The parameter is used as a starting
number for the list of channels comprising all hunt groups in the gateway.
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5.5.2
Configuring the Advanced Parameters
Use this submenu to configure the gateway’s advanced control protocol parameters.
5.5.2.1
General Parameters
Use this screen to configure general control protocol parameters.
¾ To configure the general parameters under Advanced Parameters, take
these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘General Parameters’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Advanced
Parameters submenu > General Parameters option); the ‘General Parameters’ screen is
displayed.
Figure 5-7: Advanced Parameters, General Parameters Screen
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2.
Configure the general parameters under ‘Advanced Parameters’ according to Table 5-5.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-5: Advanced Parameters, General Parameters (continues on pages 67 to 70)
Parameter
Description
Signaling DiffServ
[ControlIPDiffServ]
Defines the value of the 'DiffServ' field in the IP header for SIP messages.
The valid range is 0 to 63. The default value is 0.
IP Security
[SecureCallsFromIP]
No [0] = Gateway accepts all SIP calls (default).
Yes [1] = Gateway accepts SIP calls only from IP addresses defined in the Tel to IP
routing table. The gateway rejects all calls from unknown IP addresses.
For detailed information on the Tel to IP Routing table, refer to Section 5.5.4.2 on page
83.
Note: Specifying the IP address of a Proxy server in the Tel to IP Routing table enables
the gateway to only accept calls originating in the Proxy server and rejects all other
calls.
Filter Calls to IP
[FilterCalls2IP]
Don’t Filter [0] = Disabled (default)
Filter [1]
= Enabled
If the filter calls to IP feature is enabled, then when a Proxy is used, the gateway first
checks the TelÆIP routing table before making a call through the Proxy. If the number is
not allowed (number isn’t listed or a Call Restriction routing rule, IP=0.0.0.0, is applied),
the call is released.
Enable Digit Delivery to IP
[EnableDigitDelivery2IP]
Disable [0]
= Disabled (default).
Enable [1]
= Enable digit delivery to IP.
The digit delivery feature enables sending of DTMF digits to the destination IP address
after the TelÆIP call was answered.
To enable this feature, modify the called number to include at least one ’p’ character.
The gateway uses the digits before the ‘p’ character in the initial INVITE message. After
the call was answered the gateway waits for the required time (# of ‘p’ * 1.5 seconds)
and then sends the rest of the DTMF digits using the method chosen (in-band, out-ofband).
Note: The called number can include several ‘p’ characters (1.5 seconds pause).
For example, the called number can be as follows: pp699, p9p300.
Enable Digit Delivery to Tel
[EnableDigitDelivery]
Disable [0]
Enable [1]
= Disabled (default).
= Enable Digit Delivery feature for MediaPack/FXO & FXS.
The digit delivery feature enables sending of DTMF digits to the gateway’s port after the
line is offhooked (FXS) or seized (FXO). For IPÆTel calls, after the line is offhooked /
seized, the MediaPack plays the DTMF digits (of the called number) towards the phone
line.
Note 1: The called number can also include the characters ‘p’ (1.5 seconds pause) and
‘d’ (detection of dial tone). If the character ‘d’ is used, it must be the first ‘digit’ in the
called number. The character ‘p’ can be used several times.
For example, the called number can be as follows: d1005, dpp699, p9p300.
To add the ‘d’ and ‘p’ digits, use the usual number manipulation rules.
Note 2: To use this feature with FXO gateways, configure the gateway to work in one
stage dialing mode.
Note 3: If the parameter ‘EnableDigitDelivery’ is enabled, it is possible to configure the
gateway to wait for dial tone per destination phone number (before or during dialing of
destination phone number), therefore the parameter ‘IsWaitForDialTone’ (that is
configurable for the entire gateway) is ignored.
Note 4: The FXS gateway sends 200 OK messages only after it finishes playing the
DTMF digits to the phone line.
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Table 5-5: Advanced Parameters, General Parameters (continues on pages 67 to 70)
Parameter
Description
Enable DID Wink
[EnableDIDWink]
Disable [0] = DID is disabled (default).
Enable [1] = Enable DID.
If enabled, the MediaPack can be used for connection to EIA/TIA-464B DID Loop Start
lines. Both FXO (detection) and FXS (generation) are supported.
An FXO gateway dials DTMF digits after a Wink signal is detected (instead of a Dial
tone).
An FXS gateway generates the Wink signal after the detection of offhook (instead of
playing a Dial tone).
Reanswer Time
[RegretTime]
The time period (in seconds) after user hangs up the phone and before call is
disconnected (FXS). Also called regret time.
The default time is 0 seconds.
Disconnect and Answer Supervision
Enable Polarity Reversal
[EnableReversalPolarity]
Disable [0] = Disable the polarity reversal service (default).
Enable [1] = Enable the polarity reversal service.
If the polarity reversal service is enabled, then the FXS gateway changes the line
polarity on call answer and changes it back on call release.
The FXO gateway sends a 200 OK response when polarity reversal signal is detected,
and releases a call when a second polarity reversal signal is detected.
Enable Current Disconnect
[EnableCurrentDisconnect]
Disable [0] = Disable the current disconnect service (default).
Enable [1] = Enable the current disconnect service.
If the current disconnect service is enabled, the FXO gateway releases a call when
current disconnect signal is detected on its port, while the FXS gateway generates a
‘Current Disconnect Pulse’ after a call is released from IP.
The current disconnect duration is determined by the parameter
‘CurrentDisconnectDuration’. The current disconnect threshold (FXO only) is determined
by the parameter ‘CurrentDisconnectDefaultThreshold’. The frequency at which the
analog line voltage is sampled is determined by the parameter
‘TimeToSampleAnalogLineVoltage’.
No [0]
= Don’t release the call.
Disconnect on Broken
Yes [1] = Call is released if RTP packets are not received for a predefined timeout
Connection
[DisconnectOnBrokenConn (default).
ection]
Note 1: If enabled, the timeout is set by the parameter
‘BrokenConnectionEventTimeout’, in 100 msec resolution. The default timeout is 10
seconds: (BrokenConnectionEventTimeout =100).
Note 2: This feature is applicable only if RTP session is used without Silence
Compression. If Silence Compression is enabled, the gateway doesn’t detect that the
RTP connection is broken.
Note 3: During a call, if the source IP address (from where the RTP packets were sent)
is changed without notifying the gateway, the gateway filters these RTP packets. To
overcome this issue, set ‘DisconnectOnBrokenConnection=0’; the gateway doesn’t
detect RTP packets arriving from the original source IP address, and switches (after 300
msec) to the RTP packets arriving from the new source IP address.
Broken Connection Timeout
[BrokenConnectionEventTi
meout]
The amount of time (in 100 msec units) an RTP packet isn’t received, after which a call
is disconnected.
The valid range is 1 to 1000. The default value is 100 (10 seconds).
Note 1: Applicable only if ‘DisconnectOnBrokenConnection = 1’.
Note 2: Currently this feature works only if Silence Suppression is disabled.
Disconnect Call on Silence
Detection
[EnableSilenceDisconnect]
Yes [1] = The FXO gateway disconnect calls in which silence occurs in both (call)
directions for more than 120 seconds.
No [0] = Call is not disconnected when silence is detected (default).
The silence duration can be set by the ‘FarEndDisconnectSilencePeriod’ parameter
(default 120).
Note: To activate this feature set DSP Template to 2 or 3.
Silence Detection Period [sec] Duration of silence period (in seconds) prior to call disconnection.
[FarEndDisconnectSilenceP The range is 10 to 28800 (8 hours). The default is 120 seconds.
eriod]
Applicable to gateways, that use DSP templates 2 or 3.
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Table 5-5: Advanced Parameters, General Parameters (continues on pages 67 to 70)
Parameter
Description
Silence Detection Method
Silence detection method.
[FarEndDisconnectSilenceM None [0] = Silence detection option is disabled.
ethod]
Packets Count [1] = According to packet count.
Voice/Energy Detectors [2] = According to energy and voice detectors (default).
All [3] = According to packet count and energy / voice detectors.
CDR and Debug
CDR Server IP Address
[CDRSyslogServerIP]
Defines the destination IP address for CDR logs.
The default value is a null string that causes the CDR messages to be sent with all
Syslog messages.
Note: The CDR messages are sent to UDP port 514 (default Syslog port).
CDR Report Level
[CDRReportLevel]
None [0] = Call Detail Recording (CDR) information isn’t sent to the Syslog server
(default).
End Call [1] = CDR information is sent to the Syslog server at end of each Call.
Start & End Call [2] = CDR information is sent to the Syslog server at the start and at
the end of each Call.
The CDR Syslog message complies with RFC 3161 and is identified by:
Facility = 17 (local1) and Severity = 6 (Informational).
Debug Level
[GwDebugLevel]
Syslog logging level. One of the following debug levels can be selected:
0 [0] = Debug is disabled (default)
1 [1] = Flow debugging is enabled
2 [2] = Flow and device interface debugging are enabled
3 [3] = Flow, device interface and stack interface debugging are enabled
4 [4] = Flow, device interface, stack interface and session manager debugging are
enabled
5 [5] = Flow, device interface, stack interface, session manager and device interface
expanded debugging are enabled.
Note: Usually set to 5 if debug traces are needed.
Misc. Parameters
Progress Indicator to IP
[ProgressIndicator2IP]
No PI [0] = For IPÆTel calls, the gateway sends ‘180 Ringing’ SIP response to IP after
placing a call to phone (FXS) or to PBX (FXO).
PI = 1, PI = 8 [1], [8] = For IPÆTel calls, if ‘EnableEarlyMedia=1’, the gateway sends
‘183 session in progress’ message + SDP, immediately after a call is placed to
Phone/PBX. This is used to cut through the voice path, before remote party answers the
call, enabling the originating party to listen to network Call Progress Tones (such as
Ringback tone or other network announcements).
Not Configured [-1] = Default values are used.
The default for FXO gateways is 1; The default for FXS gateways is 0.
Enable Busy Out
[EnableBusyOut]
No [0] = ‘Busy out’ feature is not used (default).
Yes [1] = The MediaPack/FXS gateway plays a reorder tone when the phone is
offhooked and one of the following occurs:
There is a network problem.
Proxy servers do not respond and the internal routing table is not configured.
Default Release Cause
[DefaultReleaseCause]
Default Release Cause (to IP) for IPÆTel calls, used when the gateway initiates a call
release, and if an explicit matching cause for this release isn’t found, a default release
cause can be configured:
The default release cause is: NO_ROUTE_TO_DESTINATION (3).
Other common values are: NO_CIRCUIT_AVAILABLE (34),
DESTINATION_OUT_OF_ORDER (27), etc.
Note: The default release cause is described in the Q.931 notation, and is translated to
corresponding SIP 40x or 50x value. For example: 404 for 3, 503 for 34 and 502 for 27.
Delay After Reset [sec]
[GWAppDelayTime]
Version 4.6
Defines the amount of time (in seconds) the gateway’s operation is delayed after a reset
cycle.
The valid range is 0 to 600. The default value is 5 seconds.
Note: This feature helps to overcome connection problems caused by some LAN
routers or IP configuration parameters change by a DHCP Server.
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Table 5-5: Advanced Parameters, General Parameters (continues on pages 67 to 70)
Parameter
Description
Max Number of Active Calls
[MaxActiveCalls]
Defines the maximum number of calls that the gateway can have active at the same
time. If the maximum number of calls is reached, new calls are not established.
The default value is max available channels (no restriction on the maximum number of
calls). The valid range is 1 to max number of channels.
Max Call Duration (sec)
[MaxCallDuration]
Defines the maximum call duration in seconds. If this time expires, both sides of the call
are released (IP and Tel).
The valid range is 0 to 120. The default is 0 (no limitation).
Enable LAN Watchdog
[EnableLanWatchDog]
Disable [0]
= Disable LAN Watch-Dog (default).
Enable [1]
= Enable LAN Watch-Dog.
If LAN Watch-Dog is enabled, the gateway restarts when a network failure is detected.
Enable Calls Cut Through
[CutThrough]
Enables users to receive incoming IP calls while the port is in an offhooked state.
Disable [0]
= Disabled (default).
Enable [1]
= Enabled.
If enabled, FXS gateways answer the call and ‘cut through’ the voice channel, if there is
no other active call on that port, even if the port is in offhooked state.
When the call is terminated (by the remote party), the gateway plays a reorder tone for
‘TimeForReorderTone’ seconds and is then ready to answer the next incoming call,
without onhooking the phone.
The waiting call is automatically answered by the gateway when the current call is
terminated (EnableCallWaiting=1).
Note: This option is applicable only to FXS gateways.
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5.5.2.2
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Supplementary Services
Use this screen to configure parameters that are associated with supplementary services. For
detailed information on the supplementary services, refer to Section 8.1 on page 169.
¾ To configure the supplementary services’ parameters, take these 4
steps:
1.
Open the ‘Supplementary Services’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Advanced
Parameters submenu > Supplementary Services option); the ‘Supplementary Services’
screen is displayed.
Figure 5-8: Supplementary Services Parameters Screen
2.
Configure the supplementary services parameters according to Table 5-6.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes, or click the Subscribe for MWI or UnSubscribe for MWI buttons to save your changes and to subscribe / unsubscribe to the MWI
server.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
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Table 5-6: Supplementary Services Parameters (continues on pages 72 to 74)
Parameter
Description
Enable Hold
[EnableHold]
No [0] = Disable the Hold service (default).
Yes [1] = Enable the Hold service.
If the Hold service is enabled, a user can activate Hold (or Unhold) using the hook-flash.
On receiving a Hold request, the remote party is put on-hold and hears the hold tone.
Note: To use this service, the gateways at both ends must support this option.
Hold Format
[HoldFormat]
Determines the format of the hold request.
0.0.0.0
[0] = The connection IP address in SDP is 0.0.0.0 (default).
Send Only
[1] = The last attribute of the SDP contains the following ‘a=sendonly’.
Enable Transfer
[EnableTransfer]
No [0] = Disable the Call Transfer service (default).
Yes [1] = Enable the Call Transfer service (using REFER).
If the Transfer service is enabled, the user can activate Transfer using hook-flash
signaling. If this service is enabled, the remote party performs the call transfer.
Note 1: To use this service, the gateways at both ends must support this option.
Note 2: To use this service, set the parameter ‘Enable Hold’ to ‘Yes’.
Transfer Prefix
[xferPrefix]
Defined string that is added, as a prefix, to the transferred / forwarded called number,
when Refer / Redirect message is received.
Note 1: The number manipulation rules apply to the user part of the ‘REFER-TO /
Contact’ URL before it is sent in the INVITE message.
Note 2: The ‘xferprefix’ parameter can be used to apply different manipulation rules to
differentiate the transferred / forwarded number from the original dialed number.
Enable Call Forward
[EnableForward]
No [0] = Disable the Call Forward service (default).
Yes [1] = Enable Call Forward service (using REFER).
For FXS gateways a Call Forward table must be defined to use the Call Forward
service.
To define the Call Forward table, refer to Section 5.5.8.4 on page 104.
Note: To use this service, the gateways at both ends must support this option.
Enable Call Waiting
[EnableCallWaiting]
No [0] = Disable the Call Waiting service (default).
Yes [1] = Enable the Call Waiting service.
If enabled, when an FXS gateway receives a call on a busy endpoint, it responds with a
182 response (and not with a 486 busy). The gateway plays a call waiting indication
signal. When hook-flash is detected, the gateway switches to the waiting call.
The gateway that initiated the waiting call plays a Call Waiting Ringback tone to the
calling party after a 182 response is received.
Note 1: The gateway’s Call Progress Tones file must include a ‘call waiting Ringback’
tone (caller side) and a ‘call waiting’ tone (called side, FXS only).
Note 2: The ‘Enable Hold’ parameter must be enabled on both the calling and the called
sides.
For information on the Call Waiting feature, refer to Section 8.1.5 on page 171.
For information on the Call Progress Tones file, refer to Section 16.1 on page 241.
Number of Call Waiting
Number of waiting indications that are played to the receiving side of the call (FXS only)
Indications
for Call Waiting.
[NumberOfWaitingIndication
The default value is 2.
s]
Time Between Call Waiting
Indications
[TimeBetweenWaitingIndica
tions]
Time before Waiting Indication
[TimeBeforeWaitingIndicatio
n]
[Waiting Beep Duration]
WaitingBeepDuration
Difference (in seconds) between call waiting indications (FXS only) for call waiting.
The default value is 10 seconds.
Defines the interval (in seconds) before a call waiting indication is played to the port that
is currently in a call (FXS only).
The valid range is 0 to 100. The default time is 0 seconds.
Duration (in msec) of waiting indications that are played to the receiving side of the call
(FXS only) for Call Waiting.
The default value is 300.
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Table 5-6: Supplementary Services Parameters (continues on pages 72 to 74)
Parameter
Description
Enable Caller ID
[EnableCallerID]
No [0] = Disable the Caller ID service (default).
Yes [1] = Enable the Caller ID service.
If the Caller ID service is enabled, then, for FXS gateways, calling number and Display
text are sent to gateway port.
For FXO gateways, the Caller ID signal is detected and is sent to IP in SIP INVITE
message (as ‘Display’ element).
For information on the Caller ID table, refer to Section 5.5.8.3 on page 103.
To disable/enable caller ID generation per port, refer to Section 5.5.8.4 on page 104.
Caller ID Type
[CallerIDType]
Defines one of the following standards for detection (FXO) and generation (FXS) of
Caller ID and detection (FXO) of MWI (when specified) signals.
Bellcore
[0] (Caller ID and MWI) (default).
ETSI
[1] (Caller ID and MWI)
NTT
[2]
British
[4]
DTMF ETSI [16]
Denmark
[17] (Caller ID and MWI)
India
[18]
Brazil
[19]
Note 1: The Caller ID signals are generated/detected between the first and the second
rings.
Note 2: To select the Bellcore Caller ID sub standard, use the parameter
‘BellcoreCallerIDTypeOneSubStandard’. To select the ETSI Caller ID sub standard, use
the parameter ‘ETSICallerIDTypeOneSubStandard’.
Note 3: To select the Bellcore MWI sub standard, use the parameter
‘BellcoreVMWITypeOneStandard’. To select the ETSI MWI sub standard, use the
parameter ‘ETSIVMWITypeOneStandard’.
MWI Parameters
Enable MWI
[EnableMWI]
Enable MWI (message waiting indication).
Disable [0] = Disabled (default).
Enable [1] = MWI service is enabled.
This parameter is applicable only to FXS gateways.
Note: The MediaPack only supports reception of MWI.
For detailed information on MWI, refer to Section 8.1.6 on page 171.
MWI Analog Lamp
[MWIAnalogLamp]
Disable [0] = Disable (default).
Enable [1] = Enable visual Message Waiting Indication, supplies line voltage of
approximately 100 VDC to activate the phone’s lamp.
This parameter is applicable only to FXS gateways.
MWI Display
[MWIDisplay]
Disable
Enable
[0] = MWI information isn’t sent to display (default).
[1] = MWI information is sent to display.
If enabled, the gateway generates an MWI FSK message that is displayed on the MWI
display.
This parameter is applicable only to FXS gateways.
Subscribe to MWI
[EnableMWISubscription]
Disable [0] = Disable MWI subscription (default).
Enable [1] = Enable subscription to MWI (to MWIServerIP address).
Note: Use the parameter ‘SubscriptionMode’ (described in Table 5-27 on page 111) to
determine whether the gateway subscribes separately per endpoint of for the entire
gateway.
MWI Server IP Address
[MWIServerIP]
MWI server IP address. If provided, the gateway subscribes to this IP address.
Can be configured as a numerical IP address or as a domain name. If not configured,
the Proxy IP address is used instead.
MWI Subscribe Expiration
Time
[MWIExpirationTime]
MWI subscription expiration time in seconds.
The default is 7200 seconds. The range is 10 to 72000.
MWI Subscribe Retry Time
[SubscribeRetryTime]
Subscription retry time in seconds.
The default is 120 seconds. The range is 10 to 7200.
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Table 5-6: Supplementary Services Parameters (continues on pages 72 to 74)
Parameter
Description
Stutter Tone Duration
[StutterToneDuration]
Duration (in msec) of the played stutter dial tone that indicates waiting message(s).
The default is 2000 (2 seconds). The range is 1000 to 60000.
The Stutter tone is played (instead of a regular Dial tone) when a MWI is received. The
tone is composed of a ‘Confirmation tone’ that is played for ‘StutterToneDuration’
followed by a ‘Stutter tone’. Both tones are defined in the CPT file.
Note: This parameter is applicable only to FXS gateways.
For detailed information on Message Waiting Indication (MWI), refer to Section 8.1.6 on
page 171.
5.5.2.3
Keypad Features
The Keypad Features screen (applicable only to FXS gateways) enables you to activate /
deactivate the following features directly from the connected telephone’s keypad:
•
Call Forward (refer to Section 5.5.8.4 on page 104).
•
Caller ID Restriction (refer to Section 5.5.8.3 on page 103).
•
Hotline (refer to Section 5.5.8.2 on page 102).
¾ To configure the keypad features, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Keypad Features’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Advanced
Parameters submenu > Keypad Features option); the ‘Keypad Features’ screen is
displayed.
Figure 5-9: Keypad Features Screen
2.
Configure the Keypad Features according to Table 5-7.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
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4.
5. Configuring the MediaPack
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Note:
The method used by the gateway to collect dialed numbers is identical to the
method used during a regular call (i.e., max digits, interdigit timeout, digit
map, etc.).
Table 5-7: Keypad Features Parameters
Parameter
Description
Forward
Unconditional
[KeyCFUnCond]
Keypad sequence that activates the immediate forward option.
No Answer
[KeyCFNoAnswer]
Keypad sequence that activates the forward on no answer option.
On Busy
[KeyCFBusy]
Keypad sequence that activates the forward on busy option.
On Busy or No Answer
[KeyCFBusyOrNoAnswer]
Keypad sequence that activates the forward on ‘busy or no answer’ option.
Do Not Disturb
[KeyCFDoNotDisturb]
Keypad sequence that activates the Do Not Disturb option.
To activate the required forward method from the telephone:
• Dial the preconfigured sequence number on the keypad; a dial tone is heard.
• Dial the telephone number to which the call is forwarded (terminate the number with #); a confirmation tone is
heard.
Deactivate
[KeyCFDeact]
Keypad sequence that deactivates any of the forward options.
After the sequence is pressed a confirmation tone is heard.
Caller ID Restriction
Activate
[KeyCLIR]
Keypad sequence that activates the restricted Caller ID option.
After the sequence is pressed a confirmation tone is heard.
Deactivate
[KeyCLIRDeact]
Keypad sequence that deactivates the restricted Caller ID option.
After the sequence is pressed a confirmation tone is heard.
Hotline
Activate
[KeyHotLine]
Keypad sequence that activates the delayed hotline option.
To activate the delayed hotline option from the telephone:
• Dial the preconfigured sequence number on the keypad; a dial tone is heard.
• Dial the telephone number to which the phone automatically dials after a
configurable delay (terminate the number with #); a confirmation tone is heard.
Deactivate
[KeyHotLineDeact]
Keypad sequence that deactivates the delayed hotline option.
After the sequence is pressed a confirmation tone is heard.
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5.5.3
Configuring the Number Manipulation Tables
The VoIP gateway provides four Number Manipulation tables for incoming and outgoing calls.
These tables are used to modify the destination and source telephone numbers so that the calls
can be routed correctly.
The Manipulation Tables are:
•
Destination Phone Number Manipulation Table for IPÆTel calls
•
Destination Phone Number Manipulation Table for TelÆIP call
•
Source Phone Number Manipulation Table for IPÆTel calls
•
Source Phone Number Manipulation Table for TelÆIP calls
Note:
Number manipulation can occur either before or after a routing decision is
made. For example, you can route a call to a specific hunt group according
to its original number, and then you can remove / add a prefix to that number
before it is routed. To control when number manipulation is done, set the IP
to Tel Routing Mode (described in Table 5-12) and the Tel to IP Routing
Mode (described in Table 5-11) parameters.
Possible uses for number manipulation can be as follows:
•
To strip/add dialing plan digits from/to the number. For example, a user could dial 9 in front
of each number in order to indicate an external line. This number (9) can be removed here
before the call is setup.
•
Allow / disallow Caller ID information to be sent according to destination / source prefixes.
For detailed information on Caller ID, refer to Section 5.5.8.3 on page 103.
¾ To configure the Number Manipulation tables, take these 5 steps:
1.
Open the Number Manipulation screen you want to configure (Protocol Management menu
> Manipulation Tables submenu); the relevant Manipulation table screen is displayed.
Figure 5-10 shows the ‘Source Phone Number Manipulation Table for TelÆIP calls’.
Figure 5-10: Source Phone Number Manipulation Table for TelÆIP calls
2.
In the ‘Table Index’ drop-down list, select the range of entries that you want to edit (up to 20
entries can be configured for Source Number Manipulation and 50 entries for Destination
Number Manipulation).
3.
Configure the Number Manipulation table according to Table 5-8.
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4.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
5.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-8: Number Manipulation Parameters
Parameter
Description
Destination Prefix
Each entry in the Destination Prefix fields represents a destination telephone number
prefix. An asterisk (*) represents any number.
Source Prefix
Each entry in the Source Prefix fields represents a source telephone number prefix.
An asterisk (*) represents any number.
Source IP
Each entry in the Source IP fields represents the source IP address of the call
(obtained from the Contact header in the INVITE message).
This column only applies to the ‘Destination Phone Number Manipulation Table for
IP to Tel’.
Note: The source IP address can include the ‘x’ wildcard to represent single digits.
For example: 10.8.8.xx represents all the addresses between 10.8.8.10 to 10.8.8.99.
The manipulation rules are applied to any incoming call whose:
• Destination number prefix matches the prefix defined in the ‘Destination Number’ field.
• Source number prefix matches the prefix defined in the ‘Source Prefix’ field.
• Source IP address matches the IP address defined in the ‘Source IP’ field (if applicable).
Note that number manipulation can be performed using a combination of each of the above criteria, or using each
criterion independently.
Note: For available notations that represent multiple numbers, refer to Section 5.5.3.1 on page 79.
•
Num of stripped digits
Enter the number of digits that you want to remove from the left of the telephone
number prefix. For example, if you enter 3 and the phone number is 5551234,
the new phone number is 1234.
• Enter the number of digits (in brackets) that you want to remove from the right of
the telephone number prefix.
Note: A combination of the two options is allowed (e.g., 2(3)).
Prefix / Suffix to add
•
Number of digits to leave
Enter the number of digits that you want to leave from the right.
Prefix - Enter the number / string you want to add to the front of the phone
number. For example, if you enter 9 and the phone number is 1234, the new
number is 91234.
• Suffix - Enter the number / string (in brackets) you want to add to the end of the
phone number. For example, if you enter (00) and the phone number is 1234,
the new number is 123400.
Note: You can enter a prefix and a suffix in the same field (e.g., 9(00)).
Note: The manipulation rules are executed in the following order:
1.
Num of stripped digits
2.
Number of digits to leave
3.
Prefix / suffix to add
Figure 5-10 on the previous page exemplifies the use of these manipulation rules in the ‘Source Phone Number
Manipulation Table for TelÆIP Calls’:
• When destination number equals 035000 and source number equals 20155, the source number is changed to
97220155.
• When source number equals 1001876, it is changed to 587623.
• Source number 1234510012001 is changed to 20018.
• Source number 3122 is changed to 2312.
Presentation
Version 4.6
Select ‘Allowed’ to send Caller ID information when a call is made using these
destination / source prefixes.
Select ‘Restricted’ if you want to restrict Caller ID information for these prefixes.
When set to ‘Not Configured’, the privacy is determined according to the Caller ID
table (refer to Section 5.5.8.3 on page 103).
Note: If ‘Presentation’ is set to ‘Restricted’ and ‘Asserted Identity Mode’ is set to ‘PAsserted’, the From header in INVITE message is: From: ‘anonymous’ <sip:
anonymous@anonymous.invalid> and ‘privacy: id’ header is included in the INVITE
message.
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Table 5-9: Number Manipulation ini File Parameters (continues on pages 78 to 79)
Parameter
Description
NumberMapTel2IP
Manipulates the destination number for Tel to IP calls.
NumberMapTel2IP = a,b,c,d,e,f,g
a = Destination number prefix
b = Number of stripped digits from the left, or (if brackets are used) from the right.
A combination of both options is allowed.
c
= String to add as prefix, or (if brackets are used) as suffix. A combination of
both options is allowed.
d = Number of remaining digits from the right
e = Number Plan used in RPID header
f
= Number Type used in RPID header
g = Source number prefix
The ‘b’ to ‘f’ manipulation rules are applied if the called and calling numbers match
the ‘a’ and ‘g’ conditions.
The manipulation rules are executed in the following order: ‘b’, ‘d’ and ‘c’.
Parameters can be skipped by using the sign ‘$$’, for example:
NumberMapTel2IP=01,2,972,$$,0,0,$$
NumberMaPTel2IP=03,(2),667,$$,0,0,22
Note: Number Plan & Type can optionally be used in Remote Party ID (RPID)
header by using the ‘EnableRPIHeader’ and ‘AddTON2RPI’ parameters.
NumberMapIP2Tel
Manipulate the destination number for IP to Tel calls.
NumberMapIP2Tel = a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i
a = Destination number prefix.
b = Number of stripped digits from the left, or (if brackets are used) from the right.
A combination of both options is allowed.
c
= String to add as prefix, or (if brackets are used) as suffix. A combination of
both options is allowed.
d = Number of remaining digits from the right.
e = Not applicable, set to $$.
f
= Not applicable, set to $$.
g = Source number prefix.
h = Not applicable, set to $$.
i
= Source IP address (obtained from the Contact header in the INVITE
message).
The ‘b’ to ‘d’ manipulation rules are applied if the called and calling numbers match
the ‘a’, ‘g’ and ‘i’ conditions.
The manipulation rules are executed in the following order: ‘b’, ‘d’ and ‘c’.
Parameters can be skipped by using the sign ‘$$’, for example:
NumberMapIP2Tel =01,2,972,$$,$$,$$,034,$$,10.13.77.8
NumberMapIP2Tel =03,(2),667,$$,$$,$$,22
Note: The Source IP address can include the ‘x’ wildcard to represent single digits.
For example: 10.8.8.xx represents all the addresses between 10.8.8.10 to 10.8.8.99.
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Parameter
Description
SourceNumberMapTel2IP
SourceNumberMapTel2IP = a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h
a = Source number prefix
b = Number of stripped digits from the left, or (if in brackets are used) from right. A
combination of both options is allowed.
c
= String to add as prefix, or (if in brackets are used) as suffix. A combination of
both options is allowed.
d = Number of remaining digits from the right
e = Number Plan used in RPID header
f
= Number Type used in RPID header
g = Destination number prefix
h = Calling number presentation (0 to allow presentation, 1 to restrict
presentation)
The ‘b’ to ‘f’ and ‘h’ manipulation rules are applied if the called and calling numbers
match the ‘a’ and ‘g’ conditions.
The manipulation rules are executed in the following order: ‘b’, ‘d’ and ‘c’.
Parameters can be skipped by using the sign ‘$$’, for example:
SourceNumberMapTel2IP=01,2,972,$$,0,0,$$,1
SourceNumberMapTel2IP=03,(2),667,$$,0,0,22
Note 1: ‘Presentation’ is set to ‘Restricted’ only if ‘Asserted Identity Mode’ is set to
‘P-Asserted’.
Note 2: Number Plan & Type can optionally be used in Remote Party ID (RPID)
header by using the ‘EnableRPIHeader’ and ‘AddTON2RPI’ parameters.
SourceNumberMapIP2Tel
Manipulate the destination number for IP to Tel calls.
NumberMapIP2Tel = a,b,c,d,e,f,g
a = Source number prefix
b = Number of stripped digits from the left, or (if brackets are used) from the right.
A combination of both options is allowed.
c
= String to add as prefix, or (if brackets are used) as suffix. A combination of
both options is allowed.
d = Number of remaining digits from the right
e = Not in use, should be set to $$
f
= Not in use, should be set to $$
g = Destination number prefix
The ‘b’ to ‘d’ manipulation rules are applied if the called and calling numbers match
the ‘a’ and ‘g’ conditions.
The manipulation rules are executed in the following order: ‘b’, ‘d’ and ‘c’.
Parameters can be skipped by using the sign ‘$$’, for example:
NumberMapIP2Tel =01,2,972,$$,$$,$$,034
NumberMapIP2Tel =03,(2),667,$$,$$,$$,22
5.5.3.1
Dialing Plan Notation
The dialing plan notation applies, in addition to the four Manipulation tables, also to TelÆIP
Routing table and to IPÆHunt Group Routing table.
When entering a number in the destination and source ‘Prefix’ columns, you can create an entry
that represents multiple numbers using the following notation:
•
[n-m] represents a range of numbers
•
[n,m] represents multiple numbers. Note that this notation only supports single digit numbers.
•
x represents any single digit
•
# (that terminates the number) represents the end of a number
•
A single asterisk (*) represents any number
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For example:
•
[5551200-5551300]# represents all numbers from 5551200 to 5551300
•
[2,3,4]xxx# represents four-digit numbers that start with 2, 3 or 4
•
54324 represents any number that starts with 54324
•
54324xx# represents a 7 digit number that starts with 54324
•
123[100-200]# represents all numbers from 123100 to 123200.
The VoIP gateway matches the rules starting at the top of the table. For this reason, enter more
specific rules above more generic rules. For example, if you enter 551 in entry 1 and 55 in entry
2, the VoIP gateway applies rule 1 to numbers that starts with 551 and applies rule 2 to numbers
that start with 550, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557, 558 and 559. However if you enter 55 in entry 1
and 551 in entry 2, the VoIP gateway applies rule 1 to all numbers that start with 55 including
numbers that start with 551.
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the Routing Tables
Use this submenu to configure the gateway’s IPÆTel and TelÆIP routing tables and their
associated parameters.
5.5.4.1
General Parameters
Use this screen to configure the gateway’s IPÆTel and TelÆIP routing parameters.
¾ To configure the general parameters under Routing Tables, take these 4
steps:
1.
Open the ‘General Parameters’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Routing Tables
submenu > General option); the ‘General Parameters’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-11: Routing Tables, General Parameters Screen
2.
Configure the general parameters under ‘Routing Tables’ according to Table 5-10.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-10: Routing Tables, General Parameters (continues on pages 81 to 82)
Parameter
Description
Add Hunt Group ID as Prefix
[AddTrunkGroupAsPrefix]
No [0] = Don’t add hunt group ID as prefix (default).
Yes [1] = Add hunt group ID as prefix to called number.
If enabled, then the hunt group ID is added as a prefix to the destination phone number
for TelÆIP calls.
Note 1: This option can be used to define various routing rules.
Note 2: To use this feature you must configure the hunt group IDs.
Add Port Number as Prefix
[AddPortAsPrefix]
Version 4.6
No [0] = Disable the add port as prefix service (default).
Yes [1] = Enable the add port as prefix service.
If enabled, then the gateway’s port number (single digit in the range 1 to 8 for 8-port
gateways, two digits in the range 01 to 24 in MP-124) is added as a prefix to the
destination phone number for TelÆIP calls.
Note: This option can be used to define various routing rules.
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Table 5-10: Routing Tables, General Parameters (continues on pages 81 to 82)
Parameter
Description
IP to Tel Remove Routing
Table Prefix
[RemovePrefix]
No [0] = Don't remove prefix (default)
Yes [1] = Remove the prefix (defined in the IP to Hunt Group Routing table) from a
telephone number for an IPÆTel call, before forwarding it to Tel.
For example:
To route an incoming IPÆTel Call with destination number 21100, the IP to Hunt Group
Routing table is scanned for a matching prefix. If such prefix is found, 21 for instance,
then before the call is routed to the corresponding hunt group the prefix (21) is removed
from the original number, so that only 100 is left.
Note 1: Applicable only if number manipulation is performed after call routing for IPÆTel
calls (refer to ‘IP to Tel Routing Mode’ parameter).
Note 2: Similar operation (of removing the prefix) is also achieved by using the usual
number manipulation rules.
Enable Alt Routing Tel to IP
[AltRoutingTel2IPEnable]
No
[0] = Disable the Alternative Routing feature (default).
Yes
[1] = Enable the Alternative Routing feature.
Status Only
[2] = The Alternative Routing feature is disabled. A read only information
on the quality of service of the destination IP addresses is provided.
For information on the Alternative Routing feature, refer to Section 8.7 on page 179.
Alt Routing Tel to IP Mode
[AltRoutingTel2IPMode]
None
[0] = Alternative routing is not used.
Conn
[1] = Alternative routing is performed if ping to initial destination failed.
QoS
[2] = Alternative routing is performed if poor quality of service was detected.
Both
[3] = Alternative routing is performed if, either ping to initial destination failed,
or poor quality of service was detected, or DNS host name is not resolved (default).
Note: QoS (Quality of Service) is quantified according to delay and packet loss,
calculated according to previous calls. QoS statistics are reset if no new data is received
for two minutes.
For information on the Alternative Routing feature, refer to 8.7 on page 179.
Max Allowed Packet Loss for
Packet loss percentage at which the IP connection is considered a failure.
Alt Routing [%]
The range is 1% to 20%. The default value is 20%.
[IPConnQoSMaxAllowedPL]
Max Allowed Delay for Alt
Routing [msec]
Transmission delay (in msec) at which the IP connection is considered a failure.
[IPConnQoSMaxAllowedDel The range is 100 to 1000. The default value is 250 msec.
ay]
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Tel to IP Routing Table
The Tel to IP Routing Table is used to route incoming Tel calls to IP addresses. This routing table
associates a called / calling telephone number’s prefixes with a destination IP address or with an
FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name). When a call is routed through the VoIP gateway (Proxy
isn’t used), the called and calling numbers are compared to the list of prefixes on the IP Routing
Table (up to 50 prefixes can be configured); Calls that match these prefixes are sent to the
corresponding IP address. If the number dialed does not match these prefixes, the call is not
made.
When using a Proxy server, you do not need to configure the Tel to IP Routing Table. However, if
you want to use fallback routing when communication with Proxy servers is lost, or to use the
‘Filter Calls to IP’ and ‘IP Security’ features, or to obtain different SIP URI host names (per called
number) or to assign IP profiles, you need to configure the IP Routing Table.
Note that for the Tel to IP Routing table to take precedence over a Proxy for routing calls, set the
parameter ‘PreferRouteTable’ to 1. The gateway checks the 'Destination IP Address' field in the
'Tel to IP Routing' table for a match with the outgoing call. Only if a match is not found, a Proxy is
used.
Possible uses for Tel to IP Routing can be as follows:
•
Can fallback to internal routing table if there is no communication with the Proxy servers.
•
Call Restriction – (when Proxy isn’t used), reject all outgoing TelÆIP calls that are
associated with the destination IP address: 0.0.0.0.
•
IP Security – When the IP Security feature is enabled (SecureCallFromIP = 1), the VoIP
gateway accepts only those IPÆTel calls with a source IP address identical to one of the IP
addresses entered in the Tel to IP Routing Table.
•
Filter Calls to IP – When a Proxy is used, the gateway checks the TelÆIP routing table
before a telephone number is routed to the Proxy. If the number is not allowed (number isn’t
listed or a Call Restriction routing rule was applied), the call is released.
•
Always Use Routing Table – When this feature is enabled (AlwaysUseRouteTable = 1), even
if a Proxy server is used, the SIP URI host name in the sent INVITE message is obtained
from this table. Using this feature users are able to assign a different SIP URI host name for
different called and/or calling numbers.
•
Assign Profiles to destination address (also when a Proxy is used).
•
Alternative Routing – (When Proxy isn’t used) an alternative IP destination for telephone
number prefixes is available. To associate an alternative IP address to called telephone
number prefix, assign it with an additional entry (with a different IP address), or use an
FQDN that resolves to two IP addresses. Call is sent to the alternative destination when one
of the following occurs:
¾
No ping to the initial destination is available, or when poor QoS (delay or packet loss,
calculated according to previous calls) is detected, or when a DNS host name is not
resolved. For detailed information on Alternative Routing, refer to Section 8.7 on page
179.
¾
When a release reason that is defined in the ‘Reasons for Alternative Tel to IP Routing’
table is received. For detailed information on the ‘Reasons for Alternative Routing
Tables’, refer to Section 5.5.4.5 on page 89.
Alternative routing (using this table) is commonly implemented when there is no response to
an INVITE message (after INVITE retransmissions). The gateway then issues an internal
408 ‘No Response’ implicit release reason. If this reason is included in the ‘Reasons for
Alternative Routing’ table, the gateway immediately initiates a call to the redundant
destination using the next matched entry in the ‘Tel to IP Routing’ table. Note that if a domain
name in this table is resolved to two IP addresses, the timeout for INVITE retransmissions
can be reduced by using the parameter ‘Number of RTX Before Hotswap’.
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Tel to IP routing can be performed either before or after applying the number
manipulation rules. To control when number manipulation is done, set the
Tel to IP Routing Mode parameter (described in Table 5-11).
Tip:
¾ To configure the Tel to IP Routing table, take these 6 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Tel to IP Routing’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Routing Tables
submenu > Tel to IP Routing option); the ‘Tel to IP Routing’ screen is displayed (shown in
Figure 5-12).
2.
In the ‘Tel to IP Routing Mode’ field, select the Tel to IP routing mode (refer to Table 5-11).
3.
In the ‘Routing Index’ drop-down list, select the range of entries that you want to edit.
4.
Configure the Tel to IP Routing table according to Table 5-11.
5.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
6.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Figure 5-12: Tel to IP Routing Table Screen
Table 5-11: Tel to IP Routing Table
Parameter
Description
Tel to IP Routing Mode
[RouteModeTel2IP]
Route calls before manipulation [0] = TelÆIP calls are routed before the number
manipulation rules are applied (default).
Route calls after manipulation [1] = TelÆIP calls are routed after the number
manipulation rules are applied.
Note: Not applicable if Proxy routing is used.
Destination Phone Prefix
Each entry in the Destination Phone Prefix fields represents a called telephone number
prefix. The prefix can be 1 to 19 digits long. An asterisk (*) represents all numbers.
Source Phone Prefix
Each entry in the Source Phone Prefix fields represents a calling telephone number
prefix. The prefix can be 1 to 19 digits long. An asterisk (*) represents all numbers.
Any telephone number whose destination number matches the prefix defined in the ‘Destination Phone Prefix’ field and
its source number matches the prefix defined in the adjacent ‘Source Phone Prefix‘ field, is sent to the IP address
entered in the ‘IP Address’ field.
Note that Tel to IP routing can be performed according to a combination of source and destination phone prefixes, or
using each independently.
Note 1: An additional entry of the same prefixes can be assigned to enable alternative routing.
Note 2: For available notations that represent multiple numbers, refer to Section 5.5.3.1 on page 79.
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Table 5-11: Tel to IP Routing Table
Parameter
Description
Destination IP Address
In each of the IP Address fields, enter the IP address (and optionally port number) that is
assigned to these prefixes. Domain names, such as domain.com, can be used instead of
IP addresses.
For example: <IP Address>:<Port>
To discard outgoing IP calls, enter 0.0.0.0 in this field.
Note: When using domain names, you must enter a DNS server IP address, or
alternatively define these names in the ‘Internal DNS Table’.
Profile ID
Enter the number of the IP profile that is assigned to the destination IP address defined in
the ‘Destination IP Address’ field.
Status
A read only field representing the quality of service of the destination IP address.
N/A = Alternative Routing feature is disabled.
OK = IP route is available
Ping Error = No ping to IP destination, route is not available
QoS Low = Bad QoS of IP destination, route is not available
DNS Error = No DNS resolution (only when domain name is used instead of an IP
address).
Parameter Name in ini File Parameter Format
Prefix
Prefix = <Destination Phone Prefix>,<Destination IP Address>,<Source Phone
Prefix>,<Profile ID>
For example:
Prefix = 20,10.2.10.2,202,1
Prefix = 10[340-451]xxx#,10.2.10.6,*,1
Prefix = *,gateway.domain.com,*
Note 1: <destination / source phone prefix> can be single number or a range of numbers.
For available notations, refer to Section 5.5.3.1 on page 79.
Note 2: This parameter can appear up to 50 times.
Note 3: Parameters can be skipped by using the sign ‘$$’, for example:
Prefix = $$,10.2.10.2,202,1
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5.5.4.3
IP to Hunt Group Routing
The IP to Hunt Group Routing Table is used to route incoming IP calls to groups of channels
called hunt groups. Calls are assigned to hunt groups according to any combination of the
following three options (or using each independently):
•
Destination phone prefix
•
Source phone prefix
•
Source IP address
The call is then sent to the VoIP gateway channels assigned to that hunt group. The specific
channel, within a hunt group, that is assigned to accept the call is determined according to the
hunt group’s channel selection mode which is defined in the Hunt Group Settings table (Section
5.5.7 on page 99) or according to the global parameter ‘ChannelSelectMode’ (refer to Table 5-5
on page 67). Hunt groups can be used on both FXO and FXS gateways; however, usually they
are used with FXO gateways.
Note: When a release reason that is defined in the ‘Reasons for Alternative IP to Tel Routing’
table is received for a specific IPÆTel call, an alternative hunt group for that call is available. To
associate an alternative hunt group to an incoming IP call, assign it with an additional entry in the
‘IP to Hunt Group Routing’ table (repeat the same routing rules with a different hunt group ID).
For detailed information on the ‘Reasons for Alternative Routing Tables’, refer to Section 5.5.4.5
on page 89.
To use hunt groups you must also do the following.
•
You must assign a hunt group ID to the VoIP gateway channels on the Endpoint Phone
Number screen. For information on how to assign a hunt group ID to a channel, refer to
Section 5.5.6 on page 97.
•
You can configure the Hunt Group Settings table to determine the method in which new calls
are assigned to channels within the hunt groups (a different method for each hunt group can
be configured). For information on how to enable this option, refer to Section 5.5.7 on page
99. If a Channel Select Mode for a specific hunt group isn’t specified, then the global
‘Channel Select Mode’ parameter (defined in ‘General Parameters’ screen under ‘Advanced
Parameters’) applies.
¾ To configure the IP to Hunt Group Routing table, take these 6 steps:
1.
Open the ‘IP to Hunt Group Routing’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Routing
Tables submenu > IP to Hunt Group Routing option); the ‘IP to Hunt Group Routing’ table
screen is displayed (shown in Figure 5-13).
Figure 5-13: IP to Hunt Group Routing Table Screen
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2.
In the ‘IP to Tel Routing Mode’ field, select the IP to Tel routing mode (refer to Table 5-12).
3.
In the ‘Routing Index’ drop-down list, select the range of entries that you want to edit (up to
24 entries can be configured).
4.
Configure the IP to Hunt Group Routing table according to Table 5-12.
5.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
6.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-12: IP to Hunt Group Routing Table
Parameter
Description
IP to Tel Routing Mode
[RouteModeIP2Tel]
Route calls before manipulation [0] = IPÆTel calls are routed before the number
manipulation rules are applied (default).
Route calls after manipulation [1] = IPÆTel calls are routed after the number
manipulation rules are applied.
Destination Phone Prefix
Each entry in the Destination Phone Prefix fields represents a called telephone number
prefix. The prefix can be 1 to 49 digits long. An asterisk (*) represents all numbers.
Source Phone Prefix
Each entry in the Source Phone Prefix fields represents a calling telephone number
prefix. The prefix can be 1 to 49 digits long. An asterisk (*) represents all numbers.
Source IP Address
Each entry in the Source IP Address fields represents the source IP address of an
IPÆTel call (obtained from the Contact header in the INVITE message).
Note: The source IP address can include the ‘x’ wildcard to represent single digits. For
example: 10.8.8.xx represents all the addresses between 10.8.8.10 to 10.8.8.99.
Any SIP incoming call whose destination number matches the prefix defined in the ‘Destination Phone Prefix’ field and
its source number matches the prefix defined in the adjacent ‘Source Phone Prefix‘ field and its source IP address
matches the address defined in the ‘Source IP Address’ field, is assigned to the hunt group entered in the field to the
right of these fields.
Note that IP to hunt group routing can be performed according to any combination of source / destination phone
prefixes and source IP address, or using each independently.
Note: For available notations that represent multiple numbers (used in the prefix columns), refer to Section 5.5.3.1 on
page 79.
Hunt Group ID
In each of the Hunt Group ID fields, enter the hunt group ID to which calls that match
these prefixes are assigned.
Profile ID
Enter the number of the IP profile that is assigned to the routing rule.
Parameter Name in ini
File
Parameter Format
PSTNPrefix
PSTNPrefix = a,b,c,d,e
a = Destination Number Prefix
b = Hunt Group ID
c = Source Number Prefix
d = Source IP address (obtained from the Contact header in the INVITE message)
e = IP Profile ID
Selection of hunt groups (for IP to Tel calls) is according to destination number, source
number and source IP address.
Note 1: To support the ‘in call alternative routing’ feature, users can use two entries that
support the same call, but assigned it with a different hunt groups. The second entree
functions as an alternative selection if the first rule fails as a result of one of the release
reasons listed in the AltRouteCauseIP2Tel table.
Note 2: An optional IP ProfileID (1 to 4) can be applied to each routing rule.
Note 3: The Source IP Address can include the ‘x’ wildcard to represent single digits.
For example: 10.8.8.xx represents all IP addresses between 10.8.8.10 to 10.8.8.99.
Note 4: For available notations that represent multiple numbers, refer to Section 5.5.3.1
on page 79.
Note 5: This parameter can appear up to 24 times.
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5.5.4.4
Internal DNS Table
The internal DNS table, similar to a DNS resolution, translates hostnames into IP addresses. This
table is used when hostname translation is required (e.g., ‘Tel to IP Routing’ table). Two different
IP addresses can be assigned to the same hostname. If the hostname isn’t found in this table, the
gateway communicates with an external DNS server.
Assigning two IP addresses to hostname can be used for alternative routing (using the ‘Tel to IP
Routing’ table).
¾ To configure the internal DNS table, take these 7 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Internal DNS Table’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Routing Tables
submenu > Internal DNS Table option); the ‘Internal DNS Table’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-14: Internal DNS Table Screen
2.
In the ‘DNS Name’ field, enter the hostname to be translated. You can enter a string up to 31
characters long.
3.
In the ‘First IP Address’ field, enter the first IP address that the hostname is translated to.
4.
In the ‘Second IP Address’ field, enter the second IP address that the hostname is translated
to.
5.
Repeat steps 2 to 4, for each Internal DNS Table entry.
6.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
7.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-13: Internal DNS ini File Parameter
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
DNS2IP
DNS2IP = <Hostname>, <first IP address>, <second IP address>
For example:
DNS2IP = Domainname.com, 10.8.21.4, 10.13.2.95
Note: This parameter can appear up to 10 times.
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5.5.4.5
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Reasons for Alternative Routing
The Reasons for Alternative Routing screen includes two tables (TelÆIP and IPÆTel). Each table
enables you to define up to 4 different release reasons. If a call is released as a result of one of
these reasons, the gateway tries to find an alternative route to that call. The release reason for
IPÆTel calls is provided in Q.931 notation. The release reason for TelÆIP calls is provided in SIP
4xx, 5xx and 6xx response codes. For TelÆIP calls an alternative IP address, for IPÆTel calls an
alternative hunt group.
Refer to ‘Tel to IP Routing’ on page 83 for information on defining an alternative IP address. Refer
to the ‘IP to Hunt Group Routing’ on page 86 for information on defining an alternative hunt group.
You can use this table for example:
For TelÆIP calls, when there is no response to an INVITE message (after INVITE
retransmissions), and the gateway then issues an internal 408 ‘No Response’ implicit release
reason.
For IPÆTel calls, when the destination is busy, and release reason #17 is issued or for other call
releases that issue the default release reason (#3). Refer to ‘DefaultReleaseCause’ in Table 5-5.
Note: The reasons for alternative routing option for TelÆIP calls only applies when Proxy isn’t
used.
¾ To configure the reasons for alternative routing, take these 5 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Reasons for Alternative Routing’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Routing
Tables submenu > Reasons for Alternative Routing option); the ‘Reasons for Alternative
Routing’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-15: Reasons for Alternative Routing Screen
2.
In the ‘IP to Tel Reasons’ table, from the drop-down list select up to 4 different call failure
reasons that invoke an alternative IP to Tel routing.
3.
In the ‘Tel to IP Reasons’ table, from the drop-down list select up to 4 different call failure
reasons that invoke an alternative Tel to IP routing.
4.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
5.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
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Table 5-14: Reasons for Alternative Routing ini File Parameter
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
AltRouteCauseTel2IP
AltRouteCauseTel2IP = <SIP Call failure reason from IP>
For example:
AltRouteCauseTel2IP = 408
AltRouteCauseTel2IP = 486
(Response timeout).
(User is busy).
Note: This parameter can appear up to 4 times.
AltRouteCauseIP2Tel
AltRouteCauseIP2Tel = <Call failure reason from Tel>
For example:
AltRouteCauseIP2Tel = 3 (No route to destination).
AltRouteCauseIP2Tel = 17
(Busy here).
Note: This parameter can appear up to 4 times.
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5.5.5
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the Profile Definitions
Utilizing the Profiles feature, the MediaPack provides high-level adaptation when connected to a
variety of equipment (from both Tel and IP sides) and protocols, each of which require a different
system behavior. Using Profiles, users can assign different Profiles (behavior) on a per-call basis,
using the Tel to IP and IP to Hunt Group Routing tables, or associate different Profiles to the
gateway’s endpoint(s). The Profiles contain parameters such as Coders, T.38 Relay, Voice and
DTMF Gains, Silence Suppression, Echo Canceler, RTP DiffServ, Current Disconnect and more.
The Profiles feature allows users to tune these parameters or turn them on or off, per source or
destination routing and/or the specific gateway or its ports. For example, specific ports can be
designated to have a profile which always uses G.711.
Each call can be associated with one or two Profiles, Tel Profile and (or) IP Profile. If both IP and
Tel profiles apply to the same call, the coders and other common parameters of the preferred
Profile (determined by the Preference option) are applied to that call. If the Preference of the Tel
and IP Profiles is identical, the Tel Profile parameters are applied.
Note:
5.5.5.1
The default values of the parameters in the Tel and IP Profiles are identical
to the Web/ini file parameter values. If a value of a parameter is changed in
the Web/ini file, it is automatically updated in the Profiles correspondingly.
After any parameter in the Profile is modified by the user, modifications to
parameters in the Web/ini file no longer impact that Profile.
Coder Group Settings
Use the Coders Group Settings screen to define up to four different coder groups. These coder
groups are used in the Tel and IP Profile Settings screens to assign different coders to Profiles.
¾ To configure the coder group settings, take these 8 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Coder Group Settings’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Profile
Definitions submenu > Coder Group Settings option); the ‘Coder Group Settings’ screen is
displayed.
Figure 5-16: Coder Group Settings Screen
2.
In the ‘Coder Group ID’ drop-down list, select the coder group you want to edit (up to four
coder groups can be configured).
3.
From the coder drop-down list, select the coder you want to use. For the full list of available
coders and their corresponding ptimes, refer to Table 5-15.
Note: Each coder can appear only once.
4.
From the drop-down list to the right of the coder list, select the size of the Voice Packet
(ptime) used with this coder in milliseconds. Selecting the size of the packet determines how
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many coder payloads are combined into one RTP (voice) packet.
Note 1: The ptime packetization period depends on the selected coder name.
Note 2: If not specified, the ptime gets a default value.
Note 3: The ptime specifies the maximum packetization time the gateway can receive.
5.
Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the second to fifth coders (optional).
6.
Repeat steps 2 to 5 for the second to forth coder groups (optional).
7.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
8.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
In the current version, only the ptime of the first coder is sent in the SDP
section of the INVITE message.
Note:
Table 5-15: ini File Coder Group Parameters
Parameter
Description
CoderName_ID
Coder list for Profiles (up to five coders in each group).
The CoderName_ID parameter (ID from 1 to 4) provides groups of coders that can be
associated with IP or Tel profiles.
You can select the following coders:
g711Alaw64k – G.711 A-law.
g711Ulaw64k – G.711 µ-law.
g7231
– G.723.1 6.3 kbps (default).
g7231r53
– G.723.1 5.3 kbps.
g726
– G.726 ADPCM 32 kbps (Payload Type = 2).
g729
– G.729A.
g729_AnnexB – G.729 Annex B.
The RTP packetization period (ptime, in msec) depends on the selected Coder name,
and can have the following values:
G.711 family
G.729 family
G.723 family
G.726 family
– 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 (default=20).
– 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 (default=20).
– 30, 60, 90 (default = 30).
– 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 (default=20)
Note: If the coder G.729 is selected, the gateway includes ‘annexb=no’ in the SDP of the
relevant SIP messages. If G.729 Annex B is selected, ‘annexb=yes’ is included. An
exception to this logic is when the remote gateway is a Cisco device (IsCiscoSCEMode).
ini file note 1: This parameter (CoderName_ID) can appear up to 20 times (five coders
in four coder groups).
ini file note 2: The coder name is case-sensitive.
ini file note 3: Enter in the format: Coder,ptime.
For example, the following three coders belong to coder group with ID=1:
CoderName_1 = g711Alaw64k,20
CoderName_1 = g711Ulaw64k,40
CoderName_1 = g7231,90
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5.5.5.2
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Tel Profile Settings
Use the Tel Profile Settings screen to define up to four different Tel Profiles. These Profiles are
used in the ‘Endpoint Phone Number’ table to associate different Profiles to gateway’s endpoints,
thereby applying different behavior to different MediaPack ports.
¾ To configure the Tel Profile settings, take these 9 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Tel Profile Settings’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Profile Definitions
submenu > Tel Profile Settings option); the ‘Tel Profile Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-17: Tel Profile Settings Screen
2.
In the ‘Profile ID’ drop-down list, select the Tel Profile you want to edit (up to four Tel Profiles
can be configured).
3.
In the ‘Profile Name’ field, enter a name that enables you to identify the Profile intuitively and
easily.
4.
In the ‘Profile Preference’ drop-down list, select the preference (1-10) of the current Profile.
The preference option is used to determine the priority of the Profile. If both IP and Tel
profiles apply to the same call, the coders and other common parameters of the preferred
Profile are applied to that call. If the Preference of the Tel and IP Profiles is identical, the Tel
Profile parameters are applied.
Note: If the coder lists of both IP and Tel Profiles apply to the same call, an intersection of
the coders is performed (i.e., only common coders remain). The order of the coders is
determined by the preference.
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5.
Configure the Profile’s parameters according to your requirements. For detailed information
on each parameter, refer to the description of the screen in which it is configured as an
individual parameter.
6.
In the ‘Coder Group’ drop-down list, select the coder group you want to assign to that Profile.
You can select the gateway’s default coders (refer to Section 5.5.1.3 on page 61) or one of
the coder groups you defined in the Coder Group Settings screen (refer to Section 5.5.5.1 on
page 91).
7.
Repeat steps 2 to 6 for the second to fifth Tel Profiles (optional).
8.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
9.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-16: ini File Tel Profile Settings
Parameter
Description
TelProfile_ID
TelProfile_<Profile ID> =
<Profile Name>,<Preference>,<Coder Group ID>,<IsFaxUsed *>,<DJBufMinDelay *>,
<DJBufOptFactor *>,<IPDiffServ *>,<ControlIPDiffServ*>,<DTMFVolume>,<InputGain>,
<VoiceVolume>,<EnableReversePolarity>,<EnableCurrentDisconnect>,
<EnableDigitDelivery>, <ECE>
For example:
TelProfile_1 = FaxProfile,1,2,0,10,5,22,33,2,22,34,1,0,1,1
TelProfile_2 = ModemProfile,0,10,13,$$,$$,$$,$$,$$,0,$$,0,0,1,1
$$ = Not configured, the default value of the parameter is used.
(*) = Common parameter used in both IP and Tel profiles.
Note: This parameter can appear up to 4 times (ID = 1 to 4).
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5.5.5.3
5. Configuring the MediaPack
IP Profile Settings
Use the IP Profile Settings screen to define up to four different IP Profiles. These Profiles are
used in the Tel to IP and IP to Hunt Group Routing tables to associate different Profiles to routing
rules. IP Profiles can also be used when working with Proxy server (set ‘AlwaysUseRouteTable’
to 1).
¾ To configure the IP Profile settings, take these 9 steps:
1.
Open the ‘IP Profile Settings’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Profile Definitions
submenu > IP Profile Settings option); the ‘IP Profile Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-18: IP Profile Settings Screen
2.
In the ‘Profile ID’ drop-down list, select the IP Profile you want to edit (up to four IP Profiles
can be configured).
3.
In the ‘Profile Name’ field, enter a name that enables you to identify the Profile intuitively and
easily.
4.
In the ‘Profile Preference’ drop-down list, select the preference (1-10) of the current Profile.
The preference option is used to determine the priority of the Profile. If both IP and Tel
profiles apply to the same call, the coders and other common parameters of the preferred
Profile are applied to that call. If the Preference of the Tel and IP Profiles is identical, the Tel
Profile parameters are applied.
Note: If the coder lists of both IP and Tel Profiles apply to the same call, an intersection of
the coders is performed (i.e., only common coders remain). The order of the coders is
determined by the preference.
5.
Configure the Profile’s parameters according to your requirements. For detailed information
on each parameter, refer to the description of the screen in which it is configured as an
individual parameter.
6.
In the ‘Coder Group’ drop-down list, select the coder group you want to assign to that Profile.
You can select the gateway’s default coders (refer to Section 5.5.1.3 on page 61) or one of
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the coder groups you defined in the Coder Group Settings screen (refer to Section 5.5.5.1 on
page 91).
7.
Repeat steps 2 to 6 for the second to fifth IP Profiles (optional).
8.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
9.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-17: ini File IP Profile Settings
Parameter
Description
IPProfile_ID
IPProfile_<Profile ID> =
<Profile Name>,<Preference>,<Coder Group ID>,<IsFaxUsed *>,<DJBufMinDelay *>,
<DJBufOptFactor *>,<IPDiffServ *>,<ControlIPDiffServ *>,<EnableSilenceCompression>,
<RTPRedundancyDepth>,<RemoteBaseUDPPort>
For example:
IPProfile_1 = name1,2,1,0,10,13,15,44,1,1,6000
IPProfile_2 = name2,$$,$$,$$,$,$$,$$,$$,$$,1,$$
$$ = Not configured, the default value of the parameter is used.
(*) = Common parameter used in both IP and Tel profiles.
Note: This parameter can appear up to 4 times (ID = 1 to 4).
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5.5.6
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the Endpoint Phone Numbers
From the Endpoint Phone Numbers screen you can enable and assign telephone numbers, hunt
groups (optional) and profiles to the VoIP gateway ports.
¾ To configure the Endpoint Phone Numbers table, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Endpoint Phone Numbers Table’ screen (Protocol Management menu >
Endpoint Phone Numbers); the ‘Endpoint Phone Numbers Table’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-19: Endpoint Phone Number Table Screen
2.
Configure the Endpoint Phone Numbers according to Table 5-18. You must enter a number
in the Phone Number fields for each port that you want to use.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes, or click the Register or Un-Register buttons
to save your changes and to register / unregister to a Proxy / Registrar.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-18: Endpoint Phone Numbers Table
Parameter
Description
Channel(s)
The numbers (1-8) in the Channel(s) fields represent the ports on the back of the VoIP
gateway.
To enable a VoIP gateway channel, you must enter the port number on this screen.
[n-m] represents a range of ports. For example, enter [1-4] to specify the ports from 1 to
4.
Phone Number
In each of the Phone Number fields, enter the telephone number that is assigned to that
channel.
For a range of channels enter the first number in an ordered sequence.
These numbers are also used for port allocation for IP to Tel calls, if the hunt group’s
‘Channel Select Mode’ is set to ‘By Phone Number’.
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Table 5-18: Endpoint Phone Numbers Table
Parameter
Description
Hunt Group ID
In each of the Hunt Group ID fields, enter the hunt group ID (1-99) assigned to the
channel(s). The same hunt group ID can be used for more than one channel and in
more than one field.
The hunt group ID is an optional field that is used to define a group of common behavior
channels that are used for routing IP to Tel calls. If an IP to Tel call is assigned to a hunt
group, the call is routed to the channel or channels that correspond to the hunt group ID.
You can configure the Hunt Group Settings table to determine the method in which new
calls are assigned to channels within the hunt groups (refer to Section 5.5.7 on page
99).
Note: If you enter a hunt group ID, you must configure the IP to Hunt Group Routing
Table (assigns incoming IP calls to the appropriate hunt group). If you do not configure
the IP to Hunt Group Routing Table, calls don’t complete.
For information on how to configure this table, refer to Section 5.5.4.3.
Profile ID
Enter the number of the Tel profile that is assigned to the endpoints defined in the
‘Channel(s)’ field.
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
TrunkGroup_x
TrunkGroup_<Hunt Group ID> = <Starting channel> - <Ending channel>, <Phone
Number>, <Tel Profile ID>
For example:
TrunkGroup_1 = 1-4,100
TrunkGroup_2 = 5-8,200,1
Note 1: The numbering of channels starts with 1.
Note 2: ‘Hunt Group ID’ can be set to any number in the range 1 to 99.
Note 3: When ‘x’ (Hunt Group ID) is omitted, the functionality of the TrunkGroup
parameter is similar to the functionality of ChannelList and Channel2Phone parameters.
Note 4: This parameter can appear up to 8 times for 8-port gateways and up to 24 times
for MP-124 gateways.
Note 5: An optional Tel ProfileID (1 to 4) can be applied to each group of channels.
ChannelList
Note: TrunkGroup_x
parameter can be used
instead.
Channel2Phone
List of phone numbers for MediaPack channels
a, b, c, d
a = first channel.
b = number of channels starting from ‘a’.
c = the phone number of the first channel.
d = Tel Profile ID assigned to the group of channels.
For example: ChannelList = 0,8,101, defines phone numbers 101 to 108 for up to 8
channels.
Note 1: The ini file can include up to 24 ‘ChannelList‘ entries.
Note 2: The ‘ChannelList’ can be used instead of, or in addition to, Channel2Phone
parameter.
Phone number of channel.
Its format: Channel2Phone = ‘<channel>, <number>’
<channel> is 0...23.
Example: ‘Channel2Phone = 0, 1002’
Appears once for each channel: 8 times for 8-port gateways, or 4 times for 4-port
gateways and twice for 2-port gateways.
For 8-port and 24-port gateways it is suggested to use ‘TrunkGroup’ parameter, where
in a single line, all gateway’s phone numbers can be defined.
Note: When ‘Channel2Phone’ is used to define an endpoint, hunt group and profile can’t
be assigned to that endpoint.
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5.5.7
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the Hunt Group Settings
The Hunt Group Settings Table is used to determine the method in which new calls are assigned
to channels within each hunt group. If such a rule doesn’t exist (for a specific hunt group), the
global rule, defined by the Channel Select Mode parameter (Protocol Definition > General
Parameters), applies.
¾ To configure the Hunt Group Settings table, take these 7 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Hunt Group Settings’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Hunt Group
Settings); the ‘Hunt Group Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-20: Hunt Group Settings screen
2.
In the Routing Index drop-down list, select the range of entries that you want to edit (up to
24 entries can be configured).
3.
In the Hunt Group ID field, enter the hunt group ID number.
4.
In the Channel Select Mode drop-down list, select the Channel Select Mode that
determines the method in which new calls are assigned to channels within the hunt groups
entered in the field to the right of this field. For information on available Channel Select
Modes, refer to Table 5-19.
5.
Repeat steps 4 and 5, for each defined hunt group.
6.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
7.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
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Table 5-19: Channel Select Modes
Mode
Description
By phone number
Select the gateway port according to the called number (refer to the note
below).
Cyclic Ascending
Select the next available channel in ascending cycle order. Always select the
next higher channel number in the hunt group. When the gateway reaches the
highest channel number in the hunt group, it selects the lowest channel
number in the hunt group and then starts ascending again.
Ascending
Select the lowest available channel. Always start at the lowest channel number
in the hunt group and if that channel is not available, select the next higher
channel.
Cyclic Descending
Select the next available channel in descending cycle order. Always select the
next lower channel number in the hunt group. When the gateway reaches the
lowest channel number in the hunt group, it selects the highest channel
number in the hunt group and then start descending again.
Descending
Select the highest available channel. Always start at the highest channel
number in the hunt group and if that channel is not available, select the next
lower channel.
Number + Cyclic Ascending
First select the gateway port according to the called number (refer to the note
below). If the called number isn’t found, then select the next available channel
in ascending cyclic order. Note that if the called number is found, but the port
associated with this number is busy, the call is released.
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
TrunkGroupSettings
TrunkGroupSettings = <Hunt group ID>, <Channel select Mode>
For example:
TrunkGroupSettings = 1,5
<Channel Select Mode> can accept the following values:
• 0 = By Phone Number
• 1 = Cyclic Ascending
• 2 = Ascending
• 3 = Cyclic Descending
• 4 = Descending
• 5 = Number + Cyclic Ascending
Note: This parameter can appear up to 24 times.
Note:
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The gateway’s port numbers are defined in the ‘Endpoint Phone Numbers’
table under the ‘Phone Number’ column. For detailed information on the
‘Endpoint Phone Numbers’ table, refer to Section 5.5.6 on page 97).
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5.5.8
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the Endpoint Settings
The Endpoint Settings screens enable you to configure port-specific parameters.
5.5.8.1
Authentication
The Authentication Table (normally used with FXS gateways) defines a username and password
combination for authentication for each MediaPack port.
The ‘Authentication Mode’ parameter (described in Table 5-2) determines if authentication is
performed per port or for the entire gateway. If authentication is performed for the entire gateway,
this table is ignored.
Note that if either the username or password field is omitted, the port’s phone number (defined in
Table 5-18) and global password (refer to the parameter ‘Password’ described in Table 5-2) are
used instead.
¾ To configure the Authentication Table, take these 6 steps:
1.
Set the ‘Authentication Mode’ parameter to ‘Authentication per Endpoint’.
2.
Open the ‘Authentication’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Endpoint Settings >
Authentication option); the ‘Authentication’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-21: Authentication Screen
3.
In the ‘User Name’ and ‘Password’ fields for a port, enter the username and password
combination respectively.
4.
Repeat step 4 for each port.
5.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
6.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-20: Authentication ini File Parameter
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
Authentication_x
Authentication_<Port Number> = <Username>,<Password>
For example:
Authentication_0 = david,14325
Authentication_1 = Alex,18552
Note: Using the sign ‘$$’ enables the user to omit either the username or
the password. For instance, Authentication_5 = $$, 152. In this case,
endpoint 5’s phone number is used instead of username.
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5.5.8.2
Automatic Dialing
Use the Automatic Dialing Table to define telephone numbers that are automatically dialed when
a specific port is used.
¾ To configure the Automatic Dialing table, take these 6 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Automatic Dialing’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Endpoint Settings
submenu > Automatic Dialing option); the ‘Automatic Dialing’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-22: Automatic Dialing Table Screen
2.
In the ‘Destination Phone Number’ field for a port, enter the telephone number to dial.
3.
In the ‘Auto Dial Status’ field, select one of the following:
¾
Enable [1] – When a port is selected, when making a call, the number in the Destination
Phone Number field is automatically dialed if phone is offhooked (for FXS gateways) or
ring signal is applied to port (FXO gateways).
¾
Disable [0] – The automatic dialing option on the specific port is disabled (the number in
the Destination Phone Number field is ignored).
¾
Hotline [2] – When a phone is offhooked and no digit is pressed for
‘HotLineDialToneDuration’, the number in the Destination Phone Number field is
automatically dialed (applies to FXS and FXO gateways).
4.
Repeat step 3 for each port you want to use for Automatic Dialing.
5.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
6.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Note 1:
After a ring signal is detected, on an ‘Enabled’ FXO port, the gateway
initiates a call to the destination number without seizing the line. The line is
seized only after the call is answered.
Note 2:
After a ring signal is detected on a ‘Disabled’ or ‘Hotline’ FXO port, the
gateway seizes the line.
Table 5-21: Automatic Dialing ini File Parameter
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
TargetOfChannelX
TargetOfChannel<Port> = <Phone>,<Mode>
For example:
TargetOfChannel0 = 1001,1
TargetOfChannel3 = 911,2
Note 1: The numbering of channels starts with 0.
Note 2: Define this parameter for each gateway port you want to use for
Automatic Dialing.
Note 3: This parameter can appear up to 8 times for 8-port gateways and up to
24 times for MP-124 gateways.
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5.5.8.3
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Caller ID
Use the Caller Display Information screen to send (to IP) Caller ID information when a call is
made using the VoIP gateway (relevant to both FXS and FXO). The person receiving the call can
use this information for caller identification. The information on this table is sent in an INVITE
message in the ‘From’ header. For information on Caller ID restriction according to destination /
source prefixes, refer to Section 5.5.3 on page 76.
Note:
If Caller ID name is detected on an FXO line (EnableCallerID = 1), it is used
instead of the Caller ID name defined in this table (FXO gateways only).
¾ To configure the Caller ID table, take these 6 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Caller Display Information’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Endpoint
Settings submenu > Caller ID option); the ‘Caller Display Information’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-23: Caller Display Information Screen
2.
In the Caller ID/Name field, enter the Caller ID string. The Caller ID string can contain up to
18 characters.
Note that when the FXS gateway receives ‘Private’ or ‘Anonymous’ strings in the ‘From’
header, it doesn’t send the calling name or number to the Caller ID display.
3.
In the ‘Presentation’ field, select ‘Allowed’ [0] to send the string in the Caller ID/Name field
when a (TelÆIP) call is made using this VoIP gateway port. Select ‘Restricted’ [1] if you
don’t want to send this string. Note that when ‘Presentation’ is set to ‘Restricted’, the
parameter ‘Asserted Identity Mode’ must be set to ‘P-Asserted’.
Note: The value of the ‘Presentation’ field can (optionally) be overridden by configuring the
‘Presentation’ parameter in the ‘Source Number Manipulation’ table.
To maintain backward compatibility, when the strings ‘Private’ or ‘Anonymous’ are set in the
Caller ID/Name field, the Caller ID is restricted and the value in the Presentation field is
ignored.
4.
Repeat steps 2 and 3 for each VoIP gateway port.
5.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
6.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
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Table 5-22: Caller ID ini File Parameter
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
CallerDisplayInfoX
CallerDisplayInfo<channel> = <Caller ID string>,<Restriction>
0 = Not restricted (default).
1 = Restricted.
For example:
CallerDisplayInfo0 = Susan C.,0
CallerDisplayInfo2 = Mark M.,1
Note 1: The numbering of channels starts with 0.
Note 2: This parameter can appear up to eight times for 8-port gateways,
and up to 24 times for MP-124.
5.5.8.4
Generate Caller ID to Tel
The Generate Caller ID to Tel table is used to enable or disable (per port) the Caller ID
generation (for FXS gateways) and detection (for FXO gateways). If a port isn’t configured, its
Caller ID generation / detection are determined according to the global parameter
‘EnableCallerID’ (described in Table 5-6).
¾ To configure the Generate Caller ID to Tel Table, take these 5 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Generate Caller ID to Tel’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Endpoint
Settings > Generate Caller ID to Tel option); the ‘Generate Caller ID to Tel’ screen is
displayed.
Figure 5-24: MediaPack FXS Generate Caller ID to Tel Screen
2.
In the ‘Caller ID’ field, select one of the following:
¾
Enable – Enables Caller ID generation (FXS) or detection (FXO) for the specific port.
¾
Disable – Caller ID generation (FXS) or detection (FXO) for the specific port is disabled.
¾
Empty – Caller ID generation (FXS) or detection (FXO) for the specific port is determined
according to the parameter ‘EnableCallerID’ (described in Table 5-6).
3.
Repeat step 2 for each port.
4.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
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5.
5. Configuring the MediaPack
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-23: Authentication ini File Parameter
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
EnableCallerID_X
EnableCallerID_<Port> = <Caller ID>
Caller ID:
0 = Disabled (default).
1 = Enabled.
If not configured, use the global parameter ‘EnableCallerID’.
Note 1: The numbering of ports starts with 0.
Note 2: This parameter can appear up to eight times for 8-port gateways,
and up to 24 times for MP-124.
5.5.8.5
Call Forward
The VoIP gateway allows you to forward incoming IPÆTel calls (using 302 response) based on
the VoIP gateway port to which the call is routed (applicable only to FXS gateways).
The Call Forwarding Table is applicable only if the Call Forward feature is enabled. To enable
Call Forward set ‘Enable Call Forward’ to ‘Enable’ in the ‘Supplementary Services’ screen, or
‘EnableForward=1’ in the ini file (refer to Table 5-6).
¾ To configure the Call Forward table, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Call Forward Table’ screen (Protocol Management menu > Endpoint Settings
submenu > Call Forward option); the ‘Call Forward Table’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-25: Call Forwarding Table Screen
2.
Configure the Call Forward parameters for each port according to the table below.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
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Table 5-24: Call Forward Table
Parameter
Description
Forward Type
Not in use
[0] = Don’t forward incoming calls (default).
On Busy
[1] = Forward incoming calls when the gateway port is busy.
Immediate
[2] = Forward any incoming call to the Phone number specified.
No reply
[3] = Forward incoming calls that are not answered with the time
specified in the ‘Time for No Reply Forward’ field.
On busy or No reply [4] = Forward incoming calls when the port is busy or when calls
are not answered after a configurable period of time.
Do Not Disturb
[5] = Immediately reject incoming calls.
Forward to Phone Number
Enter the telephone number or URL (number@IP address) to which the call is
forwarded.
Note: If this field only contains telephone number and Proxy isn’t used, the ‘forward to’
phone number must be specified in the ‘Tel to IP Routing’ table of the forwarding
gateway.
Time for No Reply Forward
If you have set the Forward Type for this port to no reply, enter the number of seconds
the VoIP gateway waits before forwarding the call to the phone number specified.
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
FwdInfo_x
FwdInfo_<Gateway Port Number (0 to 23)> = <Forward Type>, <Forwarded SIP User
Identification>, <Timeout (in seconds) for No Reply>
For example:
FwdInfo_0 = 1,1001
FwdInfo_1 = 1,2003@10.5.1.1
FwdInfo_2 = 3,2005,30
Note 1: The numbering of gateway ports starts with 0.
Note 2: This parameter can appear up to 24 times for MP-124.
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5.5.9
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the FXO Parameters
Use this screen to configure the gateway’s specific FXO parameters.
¾ To configure the FXO parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘FXO Settings’ screen (Protocol Management menu > FXO Settings > FXO
Settings option); the ‘FXO Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-26: FXO Settings Screen
2.
Configure the FXO parameters according to Table 5-25.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-25: FXO Parameters (continues on pages 107 to 109)
Parameter
Description
Dialing Mode
[IsTwoStageDial]
One Stage [0] = One-stage dialing.
Two Stage [1] = Two-stage dialing (default).
Used for IPÆFXO gateways calls.
If two-stage dialing is enabled, then the FXO gateway seizes one of the PSTN/PBX lines
without performing any dial, the remote user is connected over IP to PSTN/PBX, and all
further signaling (dialing and Call Progress Tones) is performed directly with the PBX
without the gateway’s intervention.
If one-stage dialing is enabled, then the FXO gateway seizes one of the available lines
(according to Channel Select Mode parameter), and dials the destination phone number
received in INVITE message. Use the ‘Waiting For Dial Tone’ parameter to specify
whether the dialing should come after detection of dial tone, or immediately after seizing
of the line.
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Table 5-25: FXO Parameters (continues on pages 107 to 109)
Parameter
Description
Waiting For Dial Tone
[IsWaitForDialTone]
No [0] = Don’t wait for dial tone.
Yes [1] = Wait for dial tone (default).
Used for IPÆMediaPack/FXO gateways, when ‘One Stage Dialing’ is enabled.
If ‘wait for dial tone’ is enabled, the FXO gateway dials the phone number (to the
PSTN/PBX line) only after it detects a dial tone.
Note 1: The correct dial tone parameters should be configured in the Call Progress
Tones file.
Note 2: It can take the gateway 1 to 3 seconds to detect a dial tone (according to the
dial tone configuration in the Call Progress Tones file).
If ‘Waiting For Dial Tone‘ is disabled, the FXO gateway immediately dials the phone
number after seizing the PSTN/PBX line, without ‘listening’ to dial tone.
Time to Wait before Dialing
[msec]
[WaitForDialTime]
Determines the delay before the gateway starts dialing on the FXO line in the following
scenarios:
1. The delay between the time the line is seized and dialing is begun, during the
establishment of an IPÆTel call.
Note: Applicable only to FXO for single stage dialing, when waiting for dial tone
(IsWaitForDialTone) is disabled.
2. For call transfer. The delay after hook-flash is generated and dialing is begun.
The valid range (in milliseconds) is 0 to 20000 (20 seconds). The default value is 1000
(1 second).
Note: Replaces the obsolete
parameter
FXOWaitForDialTime.
Ring Detection Timeout [sec]
[FXOBetweenRingTime]
Note: Applicable only to FXO gateways for TelÆIP calls.
The Ring Detection timeout is used differently for normal and for automatic dialing.
If automatic dialing is not used, and if Caller ID is enabled, then the FXO gateway seizes
the line after detection of the second ring signal (allowing detection of caller ID, sent
between the first and the second rings). If the second ring signal doesn’t arrive for ‘Ring
Detection Timeout’ the gateway doesn’t initiate a call to IP.
When automatic dialing is used, the FXO gateway initiates a call to IP when ringing
signal is detected. The FXO line is seized only if the remote IP party answers the call. If
the remote party doesn’t answer the call and the ringing signal stops for ‘Ring Detection
Timeout’, the FXO gateway Releases the IP call.
Usually set to a value between 5 to 8.
The default is 8 seconds.
Reorder Tone Duration [sec]
[TimeForReorderTone]
Busy or Reorder tone duration (seconds) the FXO gateway plays before releasing the
line.
The valid range is 0 to 100. The default is 10 seconds.
Usually, after playing a Reorder / Busy tone for the specified duration, the FXS gateway,
starts playing an Offhook Warning tone.
Note 1: Selection of Busy or Reorder tone is performed according to the release cause
received from IP.
Note 2: Refer also to the parameter ‘CutThrough’ (described in Table 5-5).
Answer Supervision
[EnableVoiceDetection]
Yes [1] = FXO gateway sends 200 OK (to INVITE) message when speech/fax/modem is
detected.
No [0] = 200 OK is sent immediately after the FXO gateway finishes dialing (default).
Note 1: To activate this feature set ‘DSPVersionTemplateNumber’ parameter to 2 or 3.
Usually this feature is used only with early media establish voice path before the call is
answered.
Note 2: This feature is applicable only to ‘One Stage’ dialing.
Rings before Detecting Caller Sets the number of rings before the gateway starts detection of Caller ID (FXO only).
ID
0 [0] = Before first ring.
[RingsBeforeCallerID]
1 [1] = After first ring (default).
2 [2] = After second ring.
Send Metering Message to IP No [0] = Disabled (default).
[SendMetering2IP]
Yes [1] = FXO gateways send a metering tone INFO message to IP on detection of
12/16 kHz metering pulse. FXS gateways generate the 12/16 kHz metering tone on
reception of a metering message.
Note 1: Suitable (12 kHz or 16 kHz) coeff file must be used for both FXS and FXO
gateways. The ‘MeteringType’ parameter must be defined in both FXS/FXO gateways.
Note 2: The proprietary metering tone INFO message is shown in Section 11.1 on page
211.
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Table 5-25: FXO Parameters (continues on pages 107 to 109)
Parameter
Description
DisconnectOnBusyTone
[Disconnect on Busy Tone]
No [0] = Call isn’t released (FXO gateway).
Yes [1] = Call is released (on FXO gateways) if busy or reorder (fast busy) tones are
detected on the gateway’s FXO port (default).
5.5.10 Configuring the Voice Mail (VM) Parameters
Use this screen to configure the VM parameters. The VM application applies only to FXO
gateways. For detailed information on VM, refer to the CPE Configuration Guide for Voice Mail.
¾ To configure the VM parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Voice Mail’ screen (Protocol Management menu > FXO Settings > Voice Mail
option); the ‘Voice Mail’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-27: Voice Mail Screen
2.
Configure the Voice Mail parameters according to Table 5-26.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
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Table 5-26: Voice Mail Parameters
Parameter
Description
General
Voice Mail Interface
[VoiceMailInterface]
Enables the VM application on the MediaPack and determines the communication
method used between the PBX and the gateway.
None [0] (default).
DTMF [1].
SMDI [2].
Wait For Dial Time
N/A.
Line Transfer Mode
[LineTransferMode]
Determines the transfer method used by the gateway.
Disable [0] = IP (default).
Blind Transfer [1] = PBX blind transfer.
Digit Patterns
The following digit pattern parameters apply only to VM applications that use the DTMF communication method. For the
available patterns’ syntaxes, refer to the CPE Configuration Guide for Voice Mail.
Forward on Busy Digit Pattern Determines the digit pattern used by the PBX to indicate ‘call forward on busy’.
[DigitPatternForwardOnBusy] The valid range is a 120-character string.
Forward on No Answer Digit
Determines the digit pattern used by the PBX to indicate ‘call forward on no answer’.
Pattern
[DigitPatternForwardOnNoAn The valid range is a 120-character string.
swer]
Forward on Do Not Disturb Digit Determines the digit pattern used by the PBX to indicate ‘call forward on do not
Pattern
disturb’.
[DigitPatternForwardOnDND] The valid range is a 120-character string.
Forward on No Reason Digit
Determines the digit pattern used by the PBX to indicate ‘call forward with no reason’.
Pattern
[DigitPatternForwardNoReaso The valid range is a 120-character string.
n]
Internal Call Digit Pattern
[DigitPatternInternalCall]
Determines the digit pattern used by the PBX to indicate an internal call.
The valid range is a 120-character string.
External Call Digit Pattern
[DigitPatternExternalCall]
Determines the digit pattern used by the PBX to indicate an external call.
The valid range is a 120-character string.
Disconnect Call Digit Pattern
[TelDisconnectCode]
Determines a digit pattern that, when received from the Tel side, indicates the
gateway to disconnect the call.
The valid range is a 25-character string.
MWI
MWI Off Digit Pattern
[MWIOffCode]
Determines a digit code used by the gateway to notify the PBX that there aren’t any
messages waiting for a specific extension. This code is added as prefix to the dialed
number.
The valid range is a 25-character string.
MWI On Digit Pattern
[MWIOnCode]
Determines a digit code used by the gateway to notify the PBX of messages waiting
for a specific extension. This code is added as prefix to the dialed number.
The valid range is a 25-character string.
SMDI
Enable SMDI
[SMDI]
Enables the Simplified Message Desk Interface (SMDI) on the gateway.
Disable [0] = Normal serial (default).
Enable [1] = Enable RS-232 SMDI interface.
Note: When the RS-232 connection is used for SMDI messages (Serial SMDI) it
cannot be used for other applications, for example, to access the Command Line
Interface.
SMDI Timeout
[SMDITimeOut]
Determines the time (in msec) that the gateway waits for an SMDI Call Status
message before or after a Setup message is received. This parameter is used to
synchronize the SMDI and analog interfaces.
If the timeout expires and only an SMDI message was received, the SMDI message is
dropped. If the timeout expires and only a Setup message was received, the call is
established.
The valid range is 0 to 10000 (10 seconds). The default value is 2000.
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5.5.11 Protocol Management ini File Parameters
Table 5-27 describes the SIP Protocol Management parameters that can only be configured via
the ini file.
Table 5-27: Protocol Management, ini File Parameters (continues on pages 111 to 113)
ini File Parameter
Name
Valid Range and Description
EnablePtime
0 = Remove the ptime header from SDP.
1 = Include the ptime header in SDP (default).
IsUseToHeaderAsCalledN
umber
0 = Sets the destination number to the user part of the Request-URI for IPÆTel calls,
and sets the ‘Contact’ header to the source number for TelÆ IP calls (default).
1 = Sets the destination number to the user part of the ‘To’ header for IPÆTel calls, and
sets the ‘Contact’ header to the username parameter for TelÆIP calls.
SIPSRequireClientCertifica 0 = The gateway doesn’t require client certificate (default).
te
1 = The gateway (when acting as a server for the TLS connection) requires reception of
client certificate to establish the TLS connection.
Note: The SIPS certificate files can be changed using the parameters
‘HTTPSCertFileName’ and ‘HTTPSRootFileName’.
EnableDID
Enables Japan NTT ‘Modem’ Direct Inward Dialing (DID) support. FXS gateways can be
connected to Japan’s NTT PBX using ‘Modem’ DID lines. These DID lines are used to
deliver a called number to the PBX (applicable to FXS gateways). The DID signal can be
sent alone or combined with an NTT Caller ID signal.
EnableDID_X
Enables generation of Japan NTT Modem DID signal per port.
EnableDID_<Port> = <Modem DID>
Modem DID:
0
= Disabled (default).
1
= Enabled.
If not configured, use the global parameter ‘EnableDID’.
Note: Applicable only to MediaPack/FXS gateways.
FarEndDisconnectSilence
Threshold
Threshold of the packet count (in percents), below which is considered silence by the
media gateway.
The valid range is 1 to 100. The default is 8%.
Note: Applicable only if silence is detected according to packet count
(FarEndDisconnectSilenceMethod = 1).
T38UseRTPPort
Defines that the T.38 packets are sent / received using the same port as RTP packets.
0 = Use the RTP port +2 to send / receive T.38 packets (default).
1 = Use the same port as the RTP port to send / receive T.38 packets.
DisableAutoDTMFMute
Enables / disables the automatic mute of DTMF digits when out-of-band DTMF
transmission is used.
0 = Auto mute is used (default).
1 = No automatic mute of in-band DTMF.
When ‘DisableAutoDTMFMute=1’, the DTMF transport type is set according to the
parameter ‘DTMFTransportType’ and the DTMF digits aren’t muted if out-of-band DTMF
mode is selected (’IsDTMFUsed =1’). This enables the sending of DTMF digits in-band
(transparent of RFC 2833) in addition to out-of-band DTMF messages.
Note: Usually this mode is not recommended.
FirstCallWaitingToneID
Version 4.6
Determines the index of the first Call Waiting Tone in the CPT file. This feature enables
the called party to distinguish between four different call origins (e.g., external vs. internal
calls).
The gateway plays the tone received in the ‘play tone CallWaitingTone#’ parameter of an
INFO message + the value of this parameter - 1.
The valid range is -1 to 100. The default value is -1 (not used).
Note 1: It is assumed that all Call Waiting Tones are defined in sequence in the CPT file.
Note 2: This feature is relevant only to Broadsoft’s application servers (the tone is played
using INFO message).
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Table 5-27: Protocol Management, ini File Parameters (continues on pages 111 to 113)
ini File Parameter
Name
Valid Range and Description
MeteringType
Defines the metering tone (12 kHz or 16 kHz) that is detected by FXO gateways and
generated by FXS gateways.
0 = 12 kHz metering tone (default).
1 = 16 kHz metering tone.
Note: Suitable (12 kHz or 16 KHz) coeff file must be used for both FXS and FXO
gateways.
PolarityReversalType
Defines the voltage change slope during polarity reversal or wink.
0 = Soft (default).
1 = Hard.
Note 1: Some Caller ID signals use reversal polarity and/or wink signals. In these cases
it is recommended to set PolarityReversalType to 1 (Hard).
Note 2: Applicable only to FXS gateways.
CurrentDisconnectDuratio Duration of the current disconnect pulse (in msec).
n
The default is 900 msec, The range is 200 to 1500 msec.
Applicable for both FXS and FXO gateways.
Note: The FXO gateways’ detection range is +/-200 msec of the parameter’s value +
100.
For example if CurrentDisconnectDuration = 200, the detection range is 100 to 500
msec.
CurrentDisconnectDefault
Threshold
Determines the line voltage threshold which, when reached, is considered a current
disconnect detection.
Note: Applicable only to FXO gateways.
The valid range is 0 to 20 Volts. The default value is 4 Volts.
TimeToSampleAnalogLine
Voltage
Determines the frequency at which the analog line voltage is sampled (after offhook), for
detection of the current disconnect threshold.
Note: Applicable only to FXO gateways.
The valid range is 100 to 2500 msec. The default value is 1000 msec.
AnalogCallerIDTimimgMod 0 = Caller ID is generated between the first two rings (default).
e
1 = The gateway attempts to find an optimized timing to generate the Caller ID according
to the selected Caller ID type. Note that when used with distinctive ringing, the Caller ID
signal doesn’t change the distinctive ringing timing.
Note: Applicable only to FXS gateways.
EnableRAI
0 = Disable RAI (Resource Available Indication) service (default).
1 = Enable RAI service.
If RAI is enabled, an SNMP ‘acBoardCallResourcesAlarm’ Alarm Trap is sent if gateway
resources fall below a predefined (configurable) threshold.
RAIHighThreshold
High Threshold (in percentage) that defines the gateway‘s busy endpoints.
The range is 0 to 100.
The default value is 90%.
When the percentage of the gateway‘s busy endpoints exceeds the value configured in
High Threshold, the gateway sends an SNMP ‘acBoardCallResourcesAlarm’ Alarm Trap
with a ‘major’ Alarm Status.
Note: The gateway’s available Resources are calculated by dividing the number of busy
endpoints by the total number of available gateway endpoints.
RAILowThreshold
Low Threshold (in percentage) that defines the gateway‘s busy endpoints.
The range is 0 to 100.
The default value is 90%.
When the percentage of the gateway’s busy endpoints falls below the value defined in
Low Threshold, the gateway sends an SNMP ‘acBoardCallResourcesAlarm’ Alarm Trap
with a ‘cleared’ Alarm Status.
RAILoopTime
Time interval (in seconds) that the gateway checks for resource availability.
The default is 10 seconds.
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Table 5-27: Protocol Management, ini File Parameters (continues on pages 111 to 113)
ini File Parameter
Name
Valid Range and Description
Serial parameters (applicable only to the VM SMDI application)
SerialBaudRate
Determines the value of the RS-232 baud rate.
The valid range is: any value.
It is recommended to use the following standard values:
1200, 2400, 9600 (default), 14400, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200.
SerialData
Determines the value of the RS-232 data bit.
7 = 7-bit.
8 = 8-bit (default).
SerialParity
Determines the value of the RS-232 polarity.
0 = None (default).
1 = Odd.
2 = Even.
SerialStop
Determines the value of the RS-232 stop bit.
1 = 1-bit (default).
2 = 2-bit.
SerialFlowControl
Determines the value of the RS-232 flow control.
0 = None (default).
1 = Hardware.
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5.6
Advanced Configuration
Use this menu to set the gateway’s advanced configuration parameters (for advanced users
only).
Note:
5.6.1
Those parameters contained within square brackets are the names used to
configure the parameters via the ini file.
Configuring the Network Settings
From the Network Settings you can:
5.6.1.1
•
Define the IP Settings (refer to Section 5.6.1.1 below).
•
Define the Application Settings (refer to Section 5.6.1.2 on page 117).
•
Define the SNMP Managers Table (refer to Section 5.6.1.3 on page 119).
•
Define the Web & Telnet Access List (refer to Section 5.6.1.4 on page 120).
•
Define the RTP Settings (refer to Section 5.6.1.5 on page 121).
•
Define the IP Routing Table (refer to Section 5.6.1.6 on page 123).
•
View the Ethernet Port Information (refer to Section 5.6.1.7 on page 124).
•
Define the VLAN Settings (refer to Section 5.6.1.8 on page 125).
•
Define the Security Settings (refer to Section 5.6.1.9 on page 127).
Configuring the IP Settings
¾ To configure the IP Settings parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘IP Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network Settings > IP
Settings option); the ‘IP Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-28: IP Settings Screen
2.
Configure the IP Settings according to Table 5-28.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
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4.
5. Configuring the MediaPack
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-28: Network Settings, IP Settings Parameters (continues on pages 128 to 131)
Parameter
Description
IP Networking Mode
[EnableMultipleIPs]
Enables / disables the Multiple IPs mechanism.
Single IP Network [0] (default).
Multiple IP Network [1].
For detailed information on Multiple IPs, refer to Section 9.6 on page 196.
IP Address
IP address of the gateway.
Enter the IP address in dotted format notation, for example 10.8.201.1.
Note 1: A warning message is displayed (after pressing the button ‘Submit’) if the
entered value is incorrect.
Note 2: After changing the IP address and pressing the button ‘Submit’, a prompt
appears indicating that for the change to take effect, the gateway is to be reset.
Subnet Mask
Subnet mask of the gateway.
Enter the subnet mask in dotted format notation, for example 255.255.0.0
Note 1: A warning message is displayed (after pressing the button ‘Submit’) if the
entered value is incorrect.
Note 2: After changing the subnet mask and pressing the button ‘Submit’, a prompt
appears indicating that for the change to take effect, the gateway is to be reset.
Default Gateway Address
IP address of the default gateway used by the gateway.
Enter the IP address in dotted format notation, for example 10.8.0.1.
Note 1: A warning message is displayed (after pressing the button ‘Submit’) if the
entered value is incorrect.
Note 2: After changing the default gateway IP address and pressing the button
‘Submit’, a prompt appears indicating that for the change to take effect, the gateway
is to be reset.
For detailed information on multiple routers support, refer to Section 9.4 on page
194.
OAM Network Settings (available only in Multiple IPs mode)
IP Address
[LocalOAMIPAddress]
The gateway’s source IP address in the OAM network.
The default value is 0.0.0.0.
Subnet Mask
[LocalOAMSubnetMask]
The gateway’s subnet mask in the OAM network.
The default subnet mask is 0.0.0.0.
Default Gateway Address
[LocalOAMDefaultGW]
N/A.
Use the IP Routing table instead (Advanced Configuration > Network Settings).
Control Network Settings (available only in Multiple IPs mode)
IP Address
[LocalControlIPAddress]
The gateway’s source IP address in the Control network.
The default value is 0.0.0.0.
Subnet Mask
[LocalControlSubnetMask]
The gateway’s subnet mask in the Control network.
The default subnet mask is 0.0.0.0.
Default Gateway Address
[LocalControlDefaultGW]
N/A.
Use the IP Routing table instead (Advanced Configuration > Network Settings).
Media Network Settings (available only in Multiple IPs mode)
IP Address
[LocalMediaIPAddress]
The gateway’s source IP address in the Media network.
The default value is 0.0.0.0.
Subnet Mask
[LocalMediaSubnetMask]
The gateway’s subnet mask in the Media network.
The default subnet mask is 0.0.0.0.
Default Gateway Address
[LocalMediaDefaultGW]
The gateway’s default gateway IP address in the Media network.
The default value is 0.0.0.0.
DNS Settings
DNS Primary Server IP
[DNSPriServerIP]
IP address of the primary DNS server.
Enter the IP address in dotted format notation, for example 10.8.2.255.
Note: To use Fully Qualified Domain Names (FQDN) in the Tel to IP Routing table,
you must define this parameter.
DNS Secondary Server IP
[DNSSecServerIP]
IP address of the second DNS server.
Enter the IP address in dotted format notation, for example 10.8.2.255.
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Table 5-28: Network Settings, IP Settings Parameters (continues on pages 128 to 131)
Parameter
Description
DHCP Settings
Enable DHCP
[DHCPEnable]
Disable [0] = Disable DHCP support on the gateway (default).
Enable [1] = Enable DHCP support on the gateway.
After the gateway is powered up, it attempts to communicate with a BootP server. If
a BootP server is not responding and if DHCP is enabled, then the gateway attempts
to get its IP address and other network parameters from the DHCP server.
Note: After you enable the DHCP Server (from the Web browser) follow this
procedure:
• Click the Submit button.
• Save the configuration using the ‘Save Configuration’ button (before you reset
the gateway). For information on how to save the configuration, refer to Section
5.9 on page 161.
• Reset the gateway directly (Web reset doesn’t trigger the BootP/DHCP
procedure and the parameter DHCPEnable reverts to ‘0’).
Note that throughout the DHCP procedure the BootP/TFTP application must be
deactivated. Otherwise, the MediaPack receives a response from the BootP server
instead of the DHCP server.
Note: For additional information on DHCP, refer to Section 7.2 on page 165.
ini file note: The DHCPEnable is a special ‘Hidden’ parameter. Once defined and
saved in flash memory, its assigned value doesn’t revert to its default even if the
parameter doesn't appear in the ini file.
NAT Settings
NAT IP Address
[StaticNatIP]
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Global gateway IP address.
Define if static Network Address Translation (NAT) device is used between the
gateway and the Internet.
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the Application Settings
¾ To configure the Application Settings parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Application Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network
Settings > Application Settings option); the ‘Application Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-29: Application Settings Screen
2.
Configure the Application Settings according to Table 5-29.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-29: Network Settings, Application Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
NTP Settings
For detailed information on NTP, refer to Section 9.5 on page 194.
NTP Server IP Address
[NTPServerIP]
IP address (in dotted format notation) of the NTP server.
The default IP address is 0.0.0.0 (the internal NTP client is disabled).
NTP UTC Offset
[NTPServerUTCOffset]
Defines the UTC (Universal Time Coordinate) offset (in seconds) from the NTP
server.
The default offset is 0. The offset range is –43200 to 43200 seconds.
NTP Update Interval
[NTPUpdateInterval]
Defines the time interval (in seconds) the NTP client requests for a time update.
The default interval is 86400 seconds (24 hours). The range is 0 to 214783647
seconds.
Note: It isn’t recommended to be set beyond one month (2592000 seconds).
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Table 5-29: Network Settings, Application Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
Syslog Settings
Syslog Server IP address
[SyslogServerIP]
IP address (in dotted format notation) of the computer you are using to run the
Syslog Server.
The Syslog Server is an application designed to collect the logs and error messages
generated by the VoIP gateway.
Note: The default UDP Syslog port is 514.
For information on the Syslog, refer to Section 13.2 on page 222.
Enable Syslog
[EnableSyslog]
Enable [1] = Send the logs and error message generated by the gateway to the
Syslog Server. If you select Enable, you must enter an IP address in the Syslog
Server IP address field.
Disable [0] = Logs and errors are not sent to the Syslog Server (default).
Note 1: Syslog messages may increase the network traffic.
Note 2: Logs are also sent to the RS-232 serial port (for information on establishing
a serial communications link with the MediaPack, refer to Section 10.2 on page 201).
Note 3: To configure the Syslog logging levels use the parameter ‘Debug Level’.
SNMP Settings
For detailed information on the SNMP parameters that can only be configured via the ini file, refer to Table 5-39 on
page 133.
For detailed information on developing an SNMP-based program to manage your devices, refer to Section 15 on page
227.
SNMP Managers Table
Refer to Section 5.6.1.3 on page 119.
Enable SNMP
[DisableSNMP]
Enable [0] = SNMP is enabled (default).
Disable [1] = SNMP is disabled and no traps are sent.
Trap Manager Host Name
Defines a FQDN of a remote host that is used as an SNMP Manager. The resolved
[SNMPTrapManagerHostName] IP address replaces the last entry in the trap manager table (defined by the
parameter ‘SNMPManagerTableIP_x’) and the last trap manager entry of
snmpTargetAddrTable in the snmpTargetMIB.
For example: 'mngr.corp.mycompany.com'.
The valid range is a 99-character string
Telnet Settings
Embedded Telnet Server
[TelnetServerEnable]
Enables or disables the embedded Telnet server. Telnet is disabled by default for
security reasons.
Disable [0] (default).
Enable (Unsecured) [1].
Enable Secured (SSL) [2] = N/A.
Telnet Server TCP Port
[TelnetServerPort]
Defines the port number for the embedded Telnet server.
The valid range = valid port numbers. The default port is 23.
Telnet Server Idle Timeout
[TelnetServerIdleDisconnect]
Sets the timeout for disconnection of an idle Telnet session (in minutes). When set to
zero, idle sessions are not disconnected.
The valid range is any value. The default value is 0.
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the SNMP Managers Table
The SNMP Managers table allows you to configure the attributes of up to five SNMP managers.
¾ To configure the SNMP Managers Table, take these 6 steps:
1.
Access the ‘Application Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network
Settings > Application Settings option); the ‘Application Settings’ screen is displayed
(Figure 5-29).
2.
Open the SNMP Managers Table screen by clicking the arrow sign (-->) to the right of the
SNMP Managers Table label; the SNMP Managers Table screen is displayed (Figure 5-30).
3.
Configure the SNMP Managers parameters according to Table 5-30 below.
4.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
5.
Click the Close Window button.
6.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Figure 5-30: SNMP Managers Table Screen
Note:
If you clear a checkbox and click Submit, all settings in the same row revert
to their defaults.
Table 5-30: SNMP Managers Table Parameters
Web Parameter Name
ini File Parameter Name
Checkbox
[SNMPManagerIsUsed_x]
Up to five parameters, each determines the validity of the parameters (IP address
and port number) of the corresponding SNMP Manager used to receive SNMP traps.
Checkbox cleared [0] = Disabled (default)
Checkbox selected [1] = Enabled
IP Address
[SNMPManagerTableIP_x]
Up to five IP addresses of remote hosts that are used as SNMP Managers. The
device sends SNMP traps to these IP addresses.
Enter the IP address in dotted format notation, for example 108.10.1.255.
Note: The first entry (out of the five) replaces the obsolete parameter
SNMPManagerIP.
Trap Port
[SNMPManagerTrapPort_x]
Up to five parameters used to define the Port numbers of the remote SNMP
Managers. The device sends SNMP traps to these ports.
Note: The first entry (out of the five) replaces the obsolete parameter SNMPTrapPort.
The default SNMP trap port is 162
The valid SNMP trap port range is 100 to 4000.
Trap Enable
Up to five parameters, each determines the activation/deactivation of sending traps to
[SNMPManagerTrapSendingEn the corresponding SNMP Manager.
able_x]
Disable [0] = Sending is disabled
Enable [1] = Sending is enabled (default)
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Configuring the Web and Telnet Access List
Use this screen to define up to ten IP addresses that are permitted to access the gateway’s Web
and Telnet interfaces. Access from an undefined IP address is denied. This security feature is
inactive (the gateway can be accessed from any IP address) when the table is empty.
¾ To manage the Web & Telnet access list, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Web & Telnet Access List’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network
Settings > Web & Telnet Access List option); the ‘Web & Telnet Access List’ screen is
displayed.
Figure 5-31: Web & Telnet Access List Screen
2.
To add a new authorized IP address, in the ‘New Authorized IP Address’ field, enter the
required IP address (refer to Note 1 below) and click the button Add New Address; the IP
address you entered is added as a new entry to the Web & Telnet Access List table.
3.
To delete authorized IP addresses, check the Delete Row checkbox in the rows of the IP
addresses you want to delete (refer to Note 2 below) and click the button Delete Selected
Addresses; the IP addresses are removed from the table and can no longer access the
Web & Telnet interfaces.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Note 1:
The first authorized IP address you add must be your own terminal's IP
address. If it isn’t, further access from your terminal is denied.
Note 2:
Delete your terminal's IP address from the Web & Telnet Access List last. If it is
deleted before the last, access from your terminal is denied from the point of its
deletion on.
Table 5-31: Web & Telnet Access List ini File Parameter
Parameter Name in ini File
Parameter Format
WebAccessList_x
WebAccessList_0 = 10.13.2.66
WebAccessList_1 = 10.13.77.7
The default value is 0.0.0.0 (the gateway can be accessed from any IP
address).
Note: This parameter can appear up to ten times.
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the RTP Settings
¾ To configure the RTP Settings parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘RTP Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network Settings >
RTP Settings option); the ‘RTP Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-32: RTP Settings Screen
2.
Configure the RTP Settings according to Table 5-32.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-32: Network Settings, RTP Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
RTP Base UDP Port
[BaseUDPPort]
Lower boundary of UDP port used for RTP, RTCP (Real-Time Control Protocol)
(RTP port + 1) and T.38 (RTP port + 2). The upper boundary is the Base UDP Port +
10 * (number of gateway’s channels).
The range of possible UDP ports is 4000 to 64000.
The default base UDP port is 6000.
For example:
If the Base UDP Port is set to 6000 (the default) then:
The first channel uses the following ports: RTP 6000, RTCP 6001 and T.38 6002,
the second channel uses: RTP 6010, RTCP 6011 and T.38 6012, etc.
Note: If RTP Base UDP Port is not a factor of 10, the following message is
generated: ‘invalid local RTP port’.
For detailed information on the default RTP/RTCP/T.38 port allocation, refer to the
Section C.3 on page 270.
RTP IP Diff Serv
[IPDiffServ]
Diff Serv Code Point (DSCP) value that is assigned to the RTP packets. The DSCP
value is used by DiffServ compatible routers to prioritize how packets are sent. By
prioritizing packets, the DiffServ routers can minimize the transmission delays for
time sensitive packets such as VoIP packets.
The valid range is 0 to 63. The default value is 0.
Note: The parameter IPDiffServ mustn’t be used simultaneously with the parameters
IPTOS and IPPrecedence.
RTP IP TOS
[IPTOS]
Value that is assigned to IP Type Of Service (TOS) field in the IP header for all RTP
packets sent by the VoIP gateway.
The valid range is 0 to 15. The default value is 0.
Note: The parameters IPTOS and IPPrecedence mustn’t be used simultaneously
with the parameter IPDiffServ.
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Table 5-32: Network Settings, RTP Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
RTP IP Precedence
[IPPrecedence]
Value that is assigned to the IP Precedence field in the IP header for all RTP packets
sent by the VoIP gateway.
The valid range is 0 to 7. The default value is 0.
Note: The parameters IPTOS and IPPrecedence mustn’t be used simultaneously
with the parameter IPDiffServ.
Remote RTP Base UDP Port
[RemoteBaseUDPPort]
Determines the lower boundary of UDP ports used for RTP, RTCP and T.38 by a
remote gateway. If this parameter is set to a non-zero value, ThroughPacket™ is
enabled. Note that the value of ‘RemoteBaseUDPPort’ on the local gateway must
equal the value of ‘BaseUDPPort’ of the remote gateway. The gateway uses these
parameters to identify and distribute the payloads from the received multiplexed IP
packet to the relevant channels.
The valid range is the range of possible UDP ports: 4000 to 64000.
The default value is 0 (ThroughPacket™ is disabled).
Note: To enable ThroughPacket™ the parameters ‘L1L1ComplexTxUDPPort’ and
‘L1L1ComplexRxUDPPort’ must be set to a non-zero value.
RTP Multiplexing Local UDP Port Determines the local UDP port used for outgoing multiplexed RTP packets (applies
[L1L1ComplexTxUDPPort]
to the ThroughPacket™ mechanism).
The valid range is the range of possible UDP ports: 4000 to 64000.
The default value is 0 (ThroughPacket™ is disabled).
This parameter cannot be changed on-the-fly and requires a gateway reset.
RTP Multiplexing Remote UDP
Port
[L1L1ComplexRxUDPPort]
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Determines the remote UDP port the multiplexed RTP packets are sent to, and the
local UDP port used for incoming multiplexed RTP packets (applies to the
ThroughPacket™ mechanism).
The valid range is the range of possible UDP ports: 4000 to 64000.
The default value is 0 (ThroughPacket™ is disabled).
This parameter cannot be changed on-the-fly and requires a gateway reset.
Note: All gateways that participate in the same ThroughPacket™ session must use
the same ’L1L1ComplexRxUDPPort’.
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5.6.1.6
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the IP Routing Table
The IP routing table is used by the gateway to determine IP routing rules. It can be used, for
example, to define static routing rules for the OAM and Control networks since a default gateway
isn’t supported for these networks (refer to Section 9.6.1 on page 196). Before sending an IP
packet, the gateway searches this table for an entry that matches the requested destination host /
network. If such entry is found, the gateway sends the packet to the indicated router. If no explicit
entry is found, the packet is sent to the default gateway (configured in Network Settings>IP
Settings screen). Up to 50 routing entries are available.
¾ To configure the IP Routing table, take these 3 steps:
1.
Open the ‘IP Routing Table’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network Settings >
IP Routing Table option); the ‘IP Routing Table’ screen is displayed.
Figure 1-3: IP Routing Table Screen
2.
Use the ‘Add a new table entry’ pane to add a new routing rule. Each field in the IP routing
table is described in Table 5-33.
3.
Click the button Add New Entry; the new routing rule is added to the IP routing table.
Note:
In the current version, the option to save changes to the IP Routing table so
they are available after power fail isn’t available via the Embedded Web Server.
Use ini file configuration instead.
Table 5-33: IP Routing Table Column Description
Column Name
[ini File Parameter Name]
Description
Delete Row
To delete IP routing rules from the IP Routing Table, check the Delete Row
checkbox in the rows of the routing rules you want to delete and click the button
Delete Selected Entries; the routing rules are removed from the table.
Destination IP Address
Specifies the IP address of the destination host / network.
[RoutingTableDestinationsColumn]
Destination Mask
[RoutingTableDestinationMasks Specifies the subnet mask of the destination host / network.
Column]
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Table 5-33: IP Routing Table Column Description
Column Name
[ini File Parameter Name]
Description
The address of the host / network you want to reach is determined by an AND operation that is applied on the fields
‘Destination IP Address’ and ‘Destination Mask’.
For example:
To reach the network 10.8.x.x, enter 10.8.0.0 in the field ‘Destination IP Address’ and 255.255.0.0 in the field
‘Destination Mask’. As a result of the AND operation, the value of the last two octets in the field ‘Destination IP Address’
is ignored.
To reach a specific host, enter its IP address in the field ‘Destination IP Address’ and 255.255.255.255 in the field
‘Destination Mask’.
Gateway IP Address
[RoutingTableGatewaysColumn]
Specifies the IP address of the router to which the packets are sent if their
destination matches the rules in the adjacent columns.
TTL
A read-only field that indicates the time period for which the specific routing rule
is valid. The lifetime of a static route is infinite.
Hop Count
[RoutingTableHopsCountColumn]
The maximum number of allowed routers between the gateway and destination.
Network Type
[RoutingTableInterfacesColumn]
Specifies the network type the routing rule is applied to.
OAM [0] (default).
Control [1].
Media [2].
For detailed information on the network types, refer to Section 9.6 on page 196.
ini File Example
The IP routing ini file parameters are array parameters. Each parameter configures a specific column in the IP routing
table. The first entry in each parameter refers to the first row in the IP routing table, the second entry to the second row
and so forth.
In the following example two rows are configured when the gateway is in network 10.31.x.x:
RoutingTableDestinationsColumn = 130.33.4.6, 83.4.87.6
RoutingTableDestinationMasksColumn = 255.255.255.255, 255.255.255.0
RoutingTableGatewaysColumn = 10.31.0.1, 10.31.0.112
RoutingTableInterfacesColumn = 0, 1
RoutingTableHopsCountColumn = 20, 20
5.6.1.7
Viewing the Ethernet Port Information
The Ethernet Port Information screen provides read-only information on the Ethernet connection
used by the MediaPack. The Ethernet Port Information parameters are displayed in Table 5-34.
For detailed information on the Ethernet interface configuration, refer to Section 9.1 on page 193.
¾ To view the Ethernet Port Information parameters, take this step:
•
Open the ‘Ethernet Port Information’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network
Settings > Ethernet Port Information option); the ‘Ethernet Port Information’ screen is
displayed.
Figure 5-33: Ethernet Port Information Screen
Table 5-34: Ethernet Port Information Parameters
Parameter
Description
Port 1 Duplex Mode
Shows the Duplex mode the Ethernet port is using (Half Duplex or Full Duplex).
Port 1 Speed
Shows the speed, in Mbps, that the Ethernet port is using (10 Mbps or 100 Mbps).
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5.6.1.8
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the VLAN Settings
For detailed information on the MediaPack VLAN implementaion, refer to Section 9.6 on page
196.
¾ To configure the VLAN Settings parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘VLAN Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network Settings >
VLAN Settings option); the ‘VLAN Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-34: VLAN Settings Screen
2.
Configure the VLAN Settings according to Table 5-35.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
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Table 5-35: Network Settings, VLAN Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
VLAN Mode
[VlanMode]
Sets the VLAN functionality.
Disable
[0] (default).
Enable
[1].
PassThrough [2] = N/A.
Note: This parameter cannot be changed on-the-fly and requires a
gateway reset.
IP Settings
Native VLAN ID
[VlanNativeVlanID]
Sets the native VLAN identifier (PVID, Port VLAN ID).
The valid range is 1 to 4094. The default value is 1.
OAM VLAN ID
[VlanOamVlanID]
Sets the OAM (Operation, Administration and Management) VLAN
identifier.
The valid range is 1 to 4094. The default value is 1.
Control VLAN ID
[VlanControlVlanID]
Sets the control VLAN identifier.
The valid range is 1 to 4094. The default value is 2.
Media VLAN ID
[VlanMediaVlanID]
Sets the media VLAN identifier.
The valid range is 1 to 4094. The default value is 3.
Priority Settings
Network Priority
[VlanNetworkServiceClassPriority]
Sets the priority for Network service class content.
The valid range is 0 to 7. The default value is 7.
Media Premium Priority
Sets the priority for the Premium service class content and media traffic.
[VlanPremiumServiceClassMediaPriority] The valid range is 0 to 7. The default value is 6.
Control Premium Priority
Sets the priority for the Premium service class content and control traffic.
[VlanPremiumServiceClassControlPriorit
The valid range is 0 to 7. The default value is 6.
y]
Gold Priority
[VlanGoldServiceClassPriority]
Sets the priority for the Gold service class content.
The valid range is 0 to 7. The default value is 4.
Bronze Priority
[VlanBronzeServiceClassPriority]
Sets the priority for the Bronze service class content.
The valid range is 0 to 7. The default value is 2.
Differential Services
Network QoS
N/A.
Media Premium QoS
N/A.
Control Premium QoS
N/A.
Gold QoS
N/A.
Bronze QoS
N/A.
ini File Parameters
EnableDNSasOAM
Determines the traffic type for DNS services.
1 = OAM VLAN (default).
0 = Control VLAN.
EnableNTPasOAM
Determines the traffic type for NTP services.
1 = OAM VLAN (default).
0 = Control VLAN.
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5.6.1.9
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the Security Settings (MP-11x Only)
Use the Security Settings screen to set the secured Web access parameters (HTTPS) (for
detailed information refer to Section 12.1.2 on page 213), and to configure the RADIUS
authentication parameters (for detailed information refer to Section 12.2 on page 217).
¾ To configure the Security Settings parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Security Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network Settings >
Security Settings option); the ‘Security Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-35: Security Settings Screen
2.
Configure the Security Settings according to Table 5-36.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-36: Network Settings, Security Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
Secured Web Connection
[HTTPSOnly]
Determines the protocol types used to access the Embedded Web Server.
HTTP and HTTPS [0] (default).
HTTPS only
[1] (unencrypted HTTP packets are blocked).
RADIUS Settings
EnableRADIUS
Enables / disables the RADIUS application.
[Enable RADIUS Access Control] Disable [0] = RADIUS application is disabled (default).
Enable [1] = RADIUS application is enabled.
Note: In the current version RADIUS is used only for HTTP authentication (CDR
over RADIUS isn’t supported).
WebRADIUSLogin
[Use RADIUS for Web/Telnet
Login]
Version 4.6
Uses RADIUS queries for Web and Telnet interface authentication.
Disable [0] (default).
Enable [1].
When enabled, logging to the gateway’s Web and Telnet embedded servers is
performed via a RADIUS server. The gateway contacts a predefined server and
verifies the given username and password pair against a remote database, in a
secure manner.
Note 1: The parameter ‘EnableRADIUS’ must be set to 1.
Note 2: RADIUS authentication requires HTTP basic authentication, meaning the
username and password are transmitted in clear text over the network. Therefore,
users are recommended to set the parameter ‘HttpsOnly = 1’ to force the use of
HTTPS, since the transport is encrypted.
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Table 5-36: Network Settings, Security Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
RADIUSAuthServerIP
[RADIUS Authentication Server
IP Address]
IP address of the RADIUS authentication server.
RADIUSAuthPort
[RADIUS Authentication Server
Port]
Port number of the RADIUS authentication server.
The default value is 1645.
SharedSecret
[RADIUS Shared Secret]
‘Secret’ used to authenticate the gateway to the RADIUS server. Should be a
cryptographically strong password.
5.6.1.10 Advanced Configuration ini File Parameters
Table 5-37 describes the board parameters that can only be configured via the ini file.
Table 5-37: Board, ini File Parameters (continues on pages 128 to 131)
ini File Parameter Name
Valid Range and Description
LifeLineType
The Lifeline is activated on:
0 = Power down (default)
1 = Power down or when link is down (physical disconnect)
2 = Power down or when link is down or on network failure (logical link
disconnect)
Note: To enable Lifeline switching on network failure, LAN watch dog must be
activated (EnableLANWatchDog=1).
DSPVersionTemplateNumber
0 = Firmware DSP version supports PCM/ADPCM, G.723 and G.729A/B
Coders.
1 = Firmware DSP version supports PCM/ADPCM.
2 = Same as ‘0’ but with voice and energy detectors (default).
3 = Same as ‘1’ but with voice and energy detectors.
Usually DSP templates 2 or 3 should be used. These templates are required
for the FXO gateway Answer and Disconnect supervision features.
EnableDiagnostics
Tests the correct functionality of the different hardware components on the
gateway. On completion of the test, the gateway sends information on the test
results of each hardware component to the Syslog server.
0 = No diagnostics (default).
1 = Performs diagnostics. Full test of DSPs, PCM, Switch, LAN, PHY and
Flash.
2 = Performs diagnostics. Full test of DSPs, PCM, Switch, LAN, PHY, but
partial test of Flash (a quicker mode).
For detailed information, refer to Section 13.1 on page 221.
EnableParametersMonitoring
Enables to view changes made on-the-fly to parameters via Web or SNMP.
0 = Deactivate (default).
1 = Activate.
WatchDogStatus
0 = Disable gateway’s watch dog.
1 = Enable gateway’s watch dog (default).
DisableRS232
0 = RS-232 serial port is enabled (default).
1 = RS-232 serial port is disabled.
The RS-232 serial port can be used to access the CLI (Section 14 on page
223) and to view error / notification messages.
For information on establishing a serial communications link with the
MediaPack, refer to Section 10.2 on page 201).
DisableWebTask
0 = Enable Web management (default)
1 = Disable Web management
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Table 5-37: Board, ini File Parameters (continues on pages 128 to 131)
ini File Parameter Name
Valid Range and Description
ResetWebPassword
Resets the Administrator and Monitoring username and password to their
defaults.
0 = Password and username retain their values (default).
1 = Password and username are reset to:
Administrator:
Default username ‘Admin’.
Default password ‘Admin’.
Monitoring:
Default username ‘User’.
Default password ‘User’.
DisableWebConfig
0 = Enable changing parameters from Web (default)
1 = Operate Web server in ‘read only’ mode
HTTPport
HTTP port used for Web management (default = 80)
EthernetPhyConfiguration
0 = 10 Base-T half-duplex.
1 = 10 Base-T full-duplex.
2 = 100 Base-TX half-duplex.
3 = 100 Base-TX full-duplex.
4 = Auto-Negotiate (default).
For detailed information on Ethernet interface configuration, refer to Section 9.1
on page 193.
DisableNAT
Enables / disables the Network Address Translation (NAT) mechanism.
0 = Enabled.
1 = Disabled (default).
Note: The compare operation that is performed on the IP address is enabled
by default and is controlled by the parameter ‘EnableIPAddrTranslation’. The
compare operation that is performed on the UDP port is disabled by default and
is controlled by the parameter ‘EnableUDPPortTranslation’.
EnableIPAddrTranslation
0 = Disable IP address translation.
1 = Enable IP address translation for RTP and T.38 packets (default).
When enabled, the gateway compares the source IP address of the first
incoming packet, to the remote IP address stated in the opening of the channel.
If the two IP addresses don’t match, the NAT mechanism is activated.
Consequently, the remote IP address of the outgoing stream is replaced by the
source IP address of the first incoming packet.
Note: The NAT mechanism must be enabled for this parameter to take effect
(DisableNAT = 0).
EnableUDPPortTranslation
0 = Disable UDP port translation (default).
1 = Enable UDP port translation.
When enabled, the gateway compares the source UDP port of the first
incoming packet, to the remote UDP port stated in the opening of the channel.
If the two UDP ports don’t match, the NAT mechanism is activated.
Consequently, the remote UDP port of the outgoing stream is replaced by the
source UDP port of the first incoming packet.
Note: The NAT mechanism and the IP address translation must be enabled for
this parameter to take effect (DisableNAT = 0, EnableIpAddrTranslation = 1).
HeartBeatDestIP
Destination IP address (in dotted format notation) to which the gateway sends
proprietary UDP ‘ping’ packets.
The default IP address is 0.0.0.0.
HeartBeatDestPort
Destination UDP port to which the heartbeat packets are sent.
The range is 0 to 64000.
The default is 0.
HeartBeatIntervalmsec
Delay (in msec) between consecutive heartbeat packets.
10 = 100000.
-1 = disabled (default).
RADIUSRetransmission
Determines the number of RADIUS retransmission retries for the same request
(MP-11x only).
The valid range is 1 to 10.
The default value is 3.
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Table 5-37: Board, ini File Parameters (continues on pages 128 to 131)
ini File Parameter Name
RADIUSTo
Valid Range and Description
Determines the time interval (measured in seconds) the gateway waits for a
response before a RADIUS retransmission is issued (MP-11x only).
The valid range is 1 to 30.
The default value is 10.
HTTPS Parameters (MP-11x Only)
HTTPSPort
Determine the local Secured HTTPS port of the device.
The valid range is 1 to 65535 (other restrictions may apply within this range).
The default port is 443.
HTTPSRequireClientCertificate
Requires client certificates for HTTPS connection. The client certificate must be
preloaded to the gateway, and its matching private key must be installed on the
managing PC. Time and date must be correctly set on the gateway, for the
client certificate to be verified.
0 = Client certificates are not required (default).
1 = Client certificates are required.
HTTPSRootFileName
Defines the name of the HTTPS trusted root certificate file to be loaded via
TFTP. The file must be in base64-encoded PEM (Privacy Enhanced Mail)
format.
The valid range is a 47-character string.
Note: This parameter is only relevant when the gateway is loaded via
BootP/TFTP. For information on loading this file via the Embedded Web
Server, refer to the Security section in the User’s Manual.
HTTPSCertFileName
Defines the name of the HTTPS server certificate file to be loaded via TFTP.
The file must be in base64-encoded PEM format.
The valid range is a 47-character string.
Note: This parameter is only relevant when the gateway is loaded via
BootP/TFTP. For information on loading this file via the Embedded Web
Server, refer to the Security section in the User’s Manual.
BootP and TFTP Parameters
The BootP parameters are special ‘Hidden’ parameters. Once defined and saved in the flash memory, they are used
even if they don't appear in the ini file.
BootPRetries
BootPSelectiveEnable
This parameter is used to:
Note: This parameter only takes effect from the next reset of the gateway.
Set the number of BootP requests the
gateway sends during start-up. The
gateway stops sending BootP requests
when either BootP reply is received or
number of retries is reached.
Set the number of DHCP packets the
gateway sends.
After all packets were sent, if there's
still no reply, the gateway loads from
flash.
1 = 1 BootP retry, 1 second.
2 = 2 BootP retries, 3 second.
3 = 3 BootP retries, 6 second (default).
4 = 10 BootP retries, 30 second.
5 = 20 BootP retries, 60 second.
6 = 40 BootP retries, 120 second.
7 = 100 BootP retries, 300 second.
15 = BootP retries indefinitely.
1 = 4 DHCP packets
2 = 5 DHCP packets
3 = 6 DHCP packets (default)
4 = 7 DHCP packets
5 = 8 DHCP packets
6 = 9 DHCP packets
7 = 10 DHCP packets
15 = 18 DHCP packets
Enables the Selective BootP mechanism.
1 = Enabled.
0 = Disabled (default).
The Selective BootP mechanism (available from Boot version 1.92) enables the
gateway’s integral BootP client to filter unsolicited BootP/DHCP replies
(accepts only BootP replies that contain the text ‘AUDC’ in the vendor specific
information field). This option is useful in environments where enterprise
BootP/DHCP servers provide undesired responses to the gateway’s BootP
requests.
Note: When working with DHCP (DHCPEnable = 1) the selective BootP
feature must be disabled.
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Table 5-37: Board, ini File Parameters (continues on pages 128 to 131)
ini File Parameter Name
Valid Range and Description
BootPDelay
The interval between the device’s startup and the first BootP/DHCP request
that is issued by the device.
1 = 1 second (default).
2 = 3 second.
3 = 6 second.
4 = 30 second.
5 = 60 second.
Note: This parameter only takes effect from the next reset of the device.
ExtBootPReqEnable
0 = Disable (default).
1 = Enable extended information to be sent in BootP request.
If enabled, the device uses the vendor specific information field in the BootP
request to provide device-related initial startup information such as board type,
current IP address, software version, etc. For a full list of the vendor specific
Information fields, refer to Section 7.3.2 on page 167.
The BootP/TFTP configuration utility displays this information in the ‘Client Info’
column (refer to Figure B-1).
Note: This option is not available on DHCP servers.
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5.6.1.11 Automatic Updates Parameters
For detailed information on the automatic update mechanism, refer to Section 10.3 on page 202.
Table 5-38: Automatic Updates Parameters
ini File Parameter Name
Description
CmpFileURL
Specifies the name of the cmp file and the location of the server (IP address or
FQDN) from which the gateway loads a new cmp file and updates itself. The
cmp file can be loaded using: TFTP, HTTP or HTTPS (MP-11x only).
For example: tftp://192.168.0.1/filename
Note 1: When this parameter is set in the ini file, the gateway always loads the
cmp file after it is reset.
Note 2: The cmp file is validated before it is burned to flash. The checksum of
the cmp file is also compared to the previously-burnt checksum to avoid
unnecessary resets.
IniFileURL
Specifies the name of the ini file and the location of the server (IP address or
FQDN) from which the gateway loads the ini file. The ini file can be loaded
using: TFTP, HTTP or HTTPS (MP-11x only).
For example:
tftp://192.168.0.1/filename
http://192.8.77.13/config<MAC>
https://<username>:<password>@<IP address>/<file name>
Note 1: When using HTTP or HTTPS, the date and time of the ini file are
validated. Only more recently-dated ini files are loaded.
Note 2: The optional string ‘<MAC>’ is replaced with the gateway’s MAC
address.
Therefore, the gateway requests an ini file name that contains its MAC
address. This option enables loading different configurations for specific
gateways.
IniFileTemplateURL
Specifies the name of a second ini file (in addition to IniFileURL) and the
location of the server (IP address or FQDN) from which it is loaded.
http://server_name/file, https://server_name/file.
PrtFileURL
Specifies the name of the Prerecorded Tones file and the location of the server
(IP address or FQDN) from which it is loaded.
http://server_name/file, https://server_name/file.
CptFileURL
Specifies the name of the CPT file and the location of the server (IP address or
FQDN) from which it is loaded.
http://server_name/file, https://server_name/file.
FXOCoeffFileURL
Specifies the name of the FXO coefficients file and the location of the server
(IP address or FQDN) from which it is loaded.
http://server_name/file, https://server_name/file.
FXSCoeffFileURL
Specifies the name of the FXS coefficients file and the location of the server (IP
address or FQDN) from which it is loaded.
http://server_name/file, https://server_name/file.
AutoUpdateCmpFile
Enables / disables the Automatic Update mechanism for the cmp file.
0 = The Automatic Update mechanism doesn’t apply to the cmp file (default).
1 = The Automatic Update mechanism includes the cmp file.
AutoUpdateFrequency
Determines the number of minutes the gateway waits between automatic
updates.
The default value is 0 (the update at fixed intervals mechanism is disabled).
AutoUpdatePredefinedTime
Schedules an automatic update to a predefined time of the day.
The range is 'HH:MM' (24-hour format).
For example: 20:18.
Note: The actual update time is randomized by five minutes to reduce the load
on the Web servers.
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Invokes an immediate restart of the gateway.
This option can be used to activate offline (not on-the-fly) parameters that are
loaded via IniFileUrl.
0 = The immediate restart mechanism is disabled (default).
1 = The gateway immediately restarts after an ini file with this parameter set to
1 is loaded.
ResetNow
5.6.1.12 SNMP ini File Parameters
Table 5-39 describes the SNMP parameters that can only be configured via the ini file.
Table 5-39: Network Settings, SNMP ini File Parameters
ini File Parameter Name
Description
SNMPPort
The device’s local UDP port used for SNMP Get/Set commands.
The range is 100 to 3999.
The default port is 161.
SNMPTrustedMGR_x
Up to five IP addresses of remote trusted SNMP managers from which the
SNMP agent accepts and processes get and set requests.
Note 1: If no values are assigned to these parameters any manager can
access the device.
Note 2: Trusted managers can work with all community strings.
AlarmHistoryTableMaxSize
Determines the maximum number of rows in the Alarm History table.
The parameter can be controlled by the Config Global Entry Limit MIB (located
in the Notification Log MIB).
The valid range is 50 to 100. The default value is 100.
SNMP Community String Parameters
SNMPReadOnlyCommunityString_x Read-only community string (up to 19 chars).
The default string is ‘public’.
SNMPReadWriteCommunityString_x Read-write community string (up to 19 chars).
The default string is ‘private’.
SNMPTrapCommunityString_x
Community string used in traps (up to 19 chars).
The default string is ‘trapuser’.
SetCommunityString
Note: Obsolete parameter, use
SNMPReadWriteCommunityString_x
instead.
SNMPManagerIP
Note: Obsolete parameter, use
SNMPManagerTableIP_x instead.
SNMP community string (up to 19 chars).
Default community string for read ‘public’, for set & get ‘private’.
IP address (in dotted format notation) for the computer that is used as the first
SNMP Manager. The SNMP Manager is a device that is used for receiving
SNMP Traps.
Note 1: To enable the device to send SNMP Traps, set the ini file parameter
SNMPManagerIsUsed to 1.
Note 2: If you want to use more than one SNMP manger, ignore this parameter
and use the parameters ‘SNMPManagerTableIP_x’ instead.
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5.6.2
Configuring the Channel Settings
From the Channel Settings page you can define:
•
Voice Settings (refer to Section 5.6.2.1 below).
•
Fax / Modem / CID Settings (refer to Section 5.6.2.2 on page 136).
•
RTP Settings (refer to Section 5.6.2.3 on page 139).
•
Hook-Flash Settings (refer to Section 5.6.2.4 on page 141).
These parameters are applied to all MediaPack channels.
Note that several Channels Settings parameters can be configured per call using profiles (refer to
Section 5.5.5 on page 91).
5.6.2.1
Note 1:
Those parameters contained within square brackets are the names used to
configure the parameters via the ini file.
Note 2:
Channel parameters are changeable on-the-fly. Changes take effect from
next call.
Configuring the Voice Settings
¾ To configure the Voice Settings parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Voice Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Channel Settings >
Voice Settings option); the ‘Voice Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-36: Voice Settings Screen
2.
Configure the Voice Settings according to Table 5-40.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
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Table 5-40: Channel Settings, Voice Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
Voice Volume
[VoiceVolume]
Voice gain control in dB. This parameter sets the level for the transmitted (IPÆTel)
signal.
The valid range is -32 to 31 dB.
The default value is 0 dB.
Input Gain
[InputGain]
PCM input gain control in dB. This parameter sets the level for the received (TelÆIP)
signal.
The valid range is -32 to 31 dB.
The default value is 0 dB.
Note: This parameter is intended for advanced users. Changing it affects other
gateway functionalities.
Silence Suppression
[EnableSilenceCompression]
Disable [0] = Silence Suppression disabled (default).
Enable [1] = Silence Suppression enabled.
Enable without adaptation [2] = A single silence packet is sent during silence period
(applicable only to G.729).
Silence Suppression is a method conserving bandwidth on VoIP calls by not sending
packets when silence is detected.
Note: If the selected coder is G.729, the following rules determine the value of the
‘annexb’ parameter of the fmtp attribute in the SDP.
EnableSilenceCompression = 0 Æ ‘annexb=no’.
EnableSilenceCompression = 1 Æ ‘annexb=yes’.
EnableSilenceCompression = 2 and IsCiscoSCEMode = 0 Æ ‘annexb=yes’.
EnableSilenceCompression = 2 and IsCiscoSCEMode = 1 Æ ‘annexb=no’.
The parameter SCE is used to
maintain backward compatibility.
Echo Canceler
[EnableEchoCanceller]
The parameter ECE is used to
maintain backward compatibility.
DTMF Transport Type
[DTMFTransportType]
MF Transport Type
[MFTransportType]
DTMF Volume (-31 to 0 dB)
[DTMFVolume]
Enable Answer Detector
[EnableAnswerDetector]
Off [0] = Echo Canceler disabled.
On [1] = Echo Canceler enabled (default).
DTMF Mute
[0] = Erase digits from voice stream, do not relay to
remote.
Transparent DTMF
[2] = Digits remain in voice stream.
RFC 2833 Relay DTMF [3] = Erase digits from voice stream, relay to remote
according to RFC 2833.
Note: This parameter is automatically updated if one of the following parameters is
configured: IsDTMFUsed, TxDTMFOption or RxDTMFOption.
N/A.
DTMF gain control value in dB.
The valid range is -31 to 0 dB.
The default value is -11 dB.
N/A.
Answer Detector Activity Delay
N/A.
[AnswerDetectorActivityDelay]
Answer Detector Silence Time
[AnswerDetectorSilenceTime]
N/A.
Answer Detector Redirection
[AnswerDetectorRedirection]
N/A.
Answer Detector Sensitivity
[AnswerDetectorSensitivity]
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Determines the Answer Detector sensitivity.
The range is 0 (most sensitive) to 2 (least sensitive).
The default is 0.
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5.6.2.2
Configuring the Fax / Modem / CID Settings
¾ To configure the Fax / Modem / CID Settings parameters, take these 4
steps:
1.
Open the ‘Fax / Modem / CID Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Channel
Settings > Fax / Modem / CID Settings option); the ‘Fax / Modem / CID Settings’ screen is
displayed.
Figure 5-37: Fax / Modem / CID Settings Screen
2.
Configure the Fax / Modem / CID Settings according to Table 5-41.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-41: Channel Settings, Fax/Modem/CID Parameters (continues on pages 136 to 138)
Parameter
Description
Fax Transport Mode
[FaxTransportMode]
Fax Transport Mode that the gateway uses.
You can select:
Disable [0].
T.38 Relay [1] (default).
Bypass [2].
Events Only [3].
Note: If parameter IsFaxUsed = 1, then FaxTransportMode is always set to 1
(T.38 relay).
Caller ID Transport Type
[CallerIDTransportType]
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N/A.
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Table 5-41: Channel Settings, Fax/Modem/CID Parameters (continues on pages 136 to 138)
Parameter
Description
Caller ID Type
[CallerIDType]
Defines one of the following standards for detection (FXO) and generation (FXS)
of Caller ID and detection (FXO) of MWI (when specified) signals.
Bellcore
[0] (Caller ID and MWI) (default).
ETSI
[1] (Caller ID and MWI)
NTT
[2].
British
[4]
DTMF ETSI [16]
Denmark
[17] (Caller ID and MWI)
India
[18]
Brazil
[19]
Note 1: The Caller ID signals are generated/detected between the first and the
second rings.
Note 2: To select the Bellcore Caller ID sub standard, use the parameter
‘BellcoreCallerIDTypeOneSubStandard’. To select the ETSI Caller ID sub
standard, use the parameter ‘ETSICallerIDTypeOneSubStandard’.
Note 3: To select the Bellcore MWI sub standard, use the parameter
‘BellcoreVMWITypeOneStandard’. To select the ETSI MWI sub standard, use the
parameter ‘ETSIVMWITypeOneStandard’.
V.21 Modem Transport Type
[V21ModemTransportType]
N/A.
V.22 Modem Transport Type
[V22ModemTransportType]
V.22 Modem Transport Type that the gateway uses.
You can select:
Transparent [0].
Relay [1] = N/A.
Bypass [2] (default).
V.23 Modem Transport Type
[V23ModemTransportType]
V.23 Modem Transport Type that the gateway uses.
You can select:
Transparent [0].
Relay [1] = N/A.
Bypass [2] (default).
V.32 Modem Transport Type
[V32ModemTransportType]
V.32 Modem Transport Type that the gateway uses.
You can select:
Transparent [0].
Relay [1] = N/A.
Bypass [2] (default).
Note: This option applies to V.32 and V.32bis modems.
V.34 Modem Transport Type
[V34ModemTransportType]
V.90 / V.34 Modem Transport Type that the gateway uses.
You can select:
Transparent [0].
Relay [1] = N/A.
Bypass [2] (default).
Fax Relay Redundancy Depth
[FaxRelayRedundancyDepth]
Number of times that each fax relay payload is retransmitted to the network.
The valid range is 0 to 2.
The default value is 0.
Fax Relay Enhanced Redundancy
Depth
[FaxRelayEnhancedRedundancyD
epth]
Number of times that control packets are retransmitted when using the T.38
standard.
The valid range is 0 to 4.
The default value is 2.
Fax Relay ECM Enable
[FaxRelayECMEnable]
Disable [0] = Error Correction Mode (ECM) mode is not used during fax relay.
Enable [1] = ECM mode is used during fax relay (default).
Fax Relay Max Rate (bps)
[FaxRelayMaxRate]
Maximum rate, in bps, at which fax relay messages are transmitted.
You can select:
2400 [0] = 2.4 kbps.
4800 [1] = 4.8 kbps.
7200 [2] = 7.2 kbps.
9600 [3] = 9.6 kbps.
12000 [4] = 12.0 kbps.
14400 [5] = 14.4 kbps (default).
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Table 5-41: Channel Settings, Fax/Modem/CID Parameters (continues on pages 136 to 138)
Parameter
Description
Fax/Modem Bypass Coder Type
[FaxModemBypassCoderType]
Coder the gateway uses when performing fax/modem bypass. Usually, high-bitrate coders such as G.711 should be used.
You can select:
G711 A-law 64 [0] (default).
G711 µ-law [1].
G726 32 [4].
G726 40 [11].
Fax/Modem Bypass Packing Factor
[FaxModemBypassM]
Number of (20 msec) coder payloads that are used to generate a fax/modem
bypass packet.
The valid range is 1, 2 or 3 coder payloads.
The default value is 1 coder payload.
CNG Detector Mode
[CNGDetectorMode]
Disable
[0] = Don’t detect CNG (default)
Relay
[1] = N/A.
Event Only
[2] = Detect CNG on caller side and start fax session (if
IsFaxUsed=1)
Usually T.38 fax session starts when the ‘preamble’ signal is detected by the
answering side. Some SIP gateways doesn’t’ support the detection of this fax
signal on the answering side, for these cases it is possible to configure the
MediaPack gateways to start the T.38 fax session when the CNG tone is detected
by the originating side. However this mode is not recommended.
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5.6.2.3
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the RTP Settings
¾ To configure the RTP Settings parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘RTP Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Channel Settings >
RTP Settings option); the ‘RTP Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-38: RTP Settings Screen
2.
Configure the RTP Settings according to Table 5-42.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-42: Channel Settings, RTP Parameters
Parameter
Description
Dynamic Jitter Buffer Minimum Delay
[DJBufMinDelay]
Minimum delay for the Dynamic Jitter Buffer.
The valid range is 0 to 150 milliseconds.
The default delay is 70 milliseconds.
Note: For more information on the Jitter Buffer, refer to Section 8.6 on page
178.
Dynamic Jitter Buffer Optimization
Factor
[DJBufOptFactor]
Dynamic Jitter Buffer frame error / delay optimization factor.
The valid range is 0 to 13.
The default factor is 7.
Note 1: Set to 13 for data (fax & modem) calls.
Note 2: For more information on the Jitter Buffer, refer to Section 8.6 on page
178.
RTP Redundancy Depth
[RTPRedundancyDepth]
Enter [0] to disable the generation of redundant packets (default).
Enter [1] to enable the generation of RFC 2198 redundancy packets.
Packing Factor
[RTPPackingFactor]
N/A.
Controlled internally by the gateway according to the selected coder.
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Table 5-42: Channel Settings, RTP Parameters
Parameter
Description
Basic RTP Packet Interval
[BasicRTPPacketInterval]
Note: This parameter should not be
used. Use the ‘Coders’ screen under
‘Protocol Definition’ instead.
N/A.
Controlled internally by the gateway according to the selected coder.
RTP Directional Control
[RTPDirectionControl]
N/A.
Controlled internally by the gateway according to the selected coder.
RFC 2833 TX Payload Type
[RFC2833TxPayloadType]
N/A.
Use the ini file parameter RFC2833PayloadType instead.
RFC 2833 RX Payload Type
[RFC2833RxPayloadType]
N/A.
Use the ini file parameter RFC2833PayloadType instead.
RFC 2198 Payload Type
[RFC2198PayloadType]
RTP redundancy packet payload type, according to RFC 2198.
The range is 96-127. The default is 104.
Applicable if ‘RTP Redundancy Depth=1’
Fax Bypass Payload Type
[FaxBypassPayloadType]
Determines the fax bypass RTP dynamic payload type.
The valid range is 96 to 120. The default value is 102.
Enable RFC 3389 CN Payload Type
[EnableStandardSIDPayloadType]
Determines whether Silence Indicator (SID) packets that are sent and received
are according to RFC 3389.
Disable [0] = G.711 SID packets are sent in a proprietary method (default).
Enable [1] = SID (comfort noise) packets are sent with the RTP SID payload
type according to RFC 3389. Applicable to G.711 and G.726 coders.
Analog Signal Transport Type
[AnalogSignalTransportType]
Ignore analog signals [0] = Hook-flash isn’t transferred to the remote side
(default).
RFC 2833 analog signal relay [1] = Hook-flash is transferred via RFC 2833.
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5.6.2.4
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Configuring the Hook-Flash Settings
¾ To configure the Hook-Flash Settings parameters, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Hook-Flash Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Channel
Settings > Hook-Flash Settings option); the ‘Hook-Flash Settings’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-39: Hook-Flash Settings Screen
2.
Configure the Hook-Flash Settings according to Table 5-43.
3.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
4.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on page
161.
Table 5-43: Channel Settings, Hook-Flash Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
Min. Flash-Hook Detection Period
[msec]
[MinFlashHookTime]
Minimum threshold in msec + 50 msec for detection of hook-flash.
Relevant only for MediaPack/FXS gateways.
25 to 300, (default = 300).
Max. Flash-Hook Detection Period
[msec]
[FlashHookPeriod]
300 to 1500 (default 400) hook-flash time in msec. The parameter is used for
hook-flash detection in MediaPack/FXS and for hook-flash generation in
MediaPack/FXO gateways.
Note: For FXO gateways, a constant of 90 msec must be added to the
required hook-flash period. For example, to generate a 450 msec hook-flash,
set ‘FlashHookPeriod’ to 540.
5.6.2.5
Channel Settings ini File Parameters
Table 5-44 describes the Channel parameters that can only be configured via the ini file.
Table 5-44: Channel Settings, ini File Parameters
ini File Parameter
Name
Valid Range and Description
RTPSIDCoeffNum
Determines the number of spectral coefficients added to an SID packet being sent
according to RFC 3389. Valid only if ‘EnableStandardSIDPayloadType’ is set to 1 (MP-11x
only).
The valid values are 0 (default), 4, 6, 8 and 10.
ECHybridLoss
Sets the four wire to two wire worst case Hybrid loss, the ratio between the signal level sent
to the hybrid and the echo level returning from the hybrid.
0 = 6 dB (default)
1 = 9 dB
2 = 0 dB
3 = 3 dB
FaxModemRelayVolume -18 to -3, corresponding to -18 dBm to -3 dBm in 1 dB steps. (Default = -12 dBm) fax gain
control.
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Table 5-44: Channel Settings, ini File Parameters
ini File Parameter
Name
Valid Range and Description
MGCPDTMFDetectionP
oint
0 = DTMF event is reported on the end of a detected DTMF digit.
1 = DTMF event is reported on the start of a detected DTMF digit (default).
DTMFDigitLength
Time in msec for generating DTMF tones to the PSTN side (if OutOfBandDTMFFormat = 1
or 2).
The default value is 100 msec. The valid range is 0 to 32767.
DTMFInterDigitInterval
Time in msec between generated DTMFs to PSTN side (if OutOfBandDTMFFormat = 1 or
2).
The default value is 100 msec. The valid range is 0 to 32767.
TestMode
0 = CoderLoopback, encoder-decoder loopback inside DSP.
1 = PCMLoopback, loopback the incoming PCM to the outgoing PCM.
2 = ToneInjection, generates a 1000 Hz tone to outgoing PCM.
3 = NoLoopback, (default).
ModemBypassPayloadT Modem Bypass dynamic payload type.
ype
The valid range is 0 to 127. The default value is 103.
DetFaxOnAnswerTone
0 = Starts T.38 procedure on detection of V.21 preamble (default).
1 = Starts T.38 Procedure on detection of CED fax answering tone.
FaxModemBypassBasic 0 = set internally (default)
RtpPacketInterval
1 = 5 msec
2 = 10 msec
3 = 20 msec
NSEMode
Cisco compatible fax and modem bypass mode
0 = NSE disabled (default)
1 = NSE enabled
Note 1: This feature can be used only if VxxModemTransportType=2 (Bypass)
Note 2: If NSE mode is enabled the SDP contains the following line:
’a=rtpmap:100 X-NSE/8000’
Note 3: To use this feature:
• The Cisco gateway must include the following definition: ‘modem passthrough nse
payload-type 100 codec g711alaw’.
• Set the Modem transport type to Bypass mode (‘VxxModemTransportType = 2’) for all
modems.
• Configure the gateway parameter NSEPayloadType= 100
In NSE bypass mode the gateway starts using G.711 A-Law (default) or G.711µ-Law,
according to the parameter ‘FaxModemBypassCoderType’. The payload type used with
these G.711 coders is a standard one (8 for G.711 A-Law and 0 for G.711 µ-Law). The
parameters defining payload type for the ‘old’ AudioCodes’ Bypass mode.
‘FaxBypassPayloadType’ and ‘ModemBypassPayloadType’ are not used with NSE Bypass.
The bypass packet interval is selected according to the parameter
‘FaxModemBypassBasicRtpPacketInterval’.
NSEPayloadType
NSE payload type for Cisco Bypass compatible mode.
The valid range is 96-127. The default value is 105.
Note: Cisco gateways usually use NSE payload type of 100.
IsCiscoSCEMode
0 = There isn’t a Cisco gateway at the remote side (default).
1 = There is a Cisco gateway at the remote side.
When there is a Cisco gateway at the remote side, the local gateway must set the value of
the ‘annexb’ parameter of the fmtp attribute in the SDP to ‘no’. This logic should be used if
‘EnableSilenceCompression = 2’ (enable without adaptation). In this case, Silence
Suppression should be used on the channel but not declared in the SDP.
BellModemTransportTy Determines the Bell modem transport method.
pe
0 = Transparent (default).
2 = Bypass.
3 = Transparent with events.
BellcoreCallerIDTypeOn Selects the Bellcore Caller ID sub-standard.
eSubStandard
0 = Between rings (default).
1 = Not ring related.
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Table 5-44: Channel Settings, ini File Parameters
ini File Parameter
Name
ETSICallerIDTypeOneS
ubStandard
Valid Range and Description
Selects the ETSI Caller ID Type 1 sub-standard (FXS only).
0 = ETSI between rings (default).
1 = ETSI before ring DT_AS.
2 = ETSI before ring RP_AS.
3 = ETSI before ring LR_DT_AS.
4 = ETSI not ring related DT_AS.
5 = ETSI not ring related RP_AS.
6 = ETSI not ring related LR_DT_AS.
ETSIVMWITypeOneStan Selects the ETSI Visual Message Waiting Indication (VMWI) Type 1 sub-standard.
dard
0 = ETSI VMWI between rings (default)
1 = ETSI VMWI before ring DT_AS
2 = ETSI VMWI before ring RP_AS
3 = ETSI VMWI before ring LR_DT_AS
4 = ETSI VMWI not ring related DT_AS
5 = ETSI VMWI not ring related RP_AS
6 = ETSI VMWI not ring related LR_DT_AS
BellcoreVMWITypeOne
Standard
Version 4.6
Selects the Bellcore VMWI sub-standard.
0 = Between rings (default).
1 = Not ring related.
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5.6.3
Restoring and Backing up the Gateway Configuration
The Configuration File screen enables you to restore (load a new ini file to the gateway) or to
back up (make a copy of the VoIP gateway ini file and store it in a directory on your computer) the
current configuration the gateway is using.
Back up your configuration if you want to protect your VoIP gateway programming. The backup
ini file includes only those parameters that were modified and contain other than default values.
Restore your configuration if the VoIP gateway has been replaced or has lost its programming
information, you can restore the VoIP gateway configuration from a previous backup or from a
newly created ini file. To restore the VoIP gateway configuration from a previous backup you
must have a backup of the VoIP gateway information stored on your computer.
¾ To restore or back up the ini file:
•
Open the ‘Configuration File’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Configuration
File); the ‘Configuration File’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-40: Configuration File Screen
¾ To back up the ini file, take these 4 steps:
1.
Click the Get ini File button; the ‘File Download’ window opens.
2.
Click the Save button; the ‘Save As’ window opens.
3.
Navigate to the folder where you want to save the ini file.
4.
Click the Save button; the VoIP gateway copies the ini file into the folder you selected.
¾ To restore the ini file, take these 4 steps:
1.
Click the Browse button.
2.
Navigate to the folder that contains the ini file you want to load.
3.
Click the file and click the Open button; the name and path of the file appear in the field
beside the Browse button.
4.
Click the Send ini File button, and click OK in the prompt; the gateway is automatically reset
(from the cmp version stored on the flash memory).
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5.6.4
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Regional Settings
The ‘Regional Settings’ screen enables you to set and view the gateway’s internal date and time
and to load to the gateway the following configuration files: Call Progress Tones, coefficient
(different files for FXS and FXO gateways) and Voice Prompts (currently not applicable to
MediaPack gateways). For detailed information on the configuration files, refer to Section 6 on
page 163.
¾ To configure the date and time of the MediaPack, take these 3 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Regional Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Regional
Settings); the ‘Regional Settings' screen is displayed.
Figure 5-41: Regional Settings Screen
2.
Enter the time and date where the gateway is installed.
3.
Click the Set Date & Time button; the date and time are automatically updated.
Note that after performing a hardware reset, the date and time are returned to their defaults and
should be updated.
¾ To load a configuration file to the VoIP gateway, take these 8 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Regional Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Regional
Settings); the ‘Regional Settings’ screen is displayed (shown in Figure 5-41).
2.
Click the Browse button adjacent to the file you want to load.
3.
Navigate to the folder that contains the file you want to load.
4.
Click the file and click the Open button; the name and path of the file appear in the field
beside the Browse button.
5.
Click the Send File button that is next to the field that contains the name of the file you want
to load. An exclamation mark in the screen section indicates that the file’s loading doesn’t
take effect on-the-fly (e.g., CPT file).
6.
Repeat steps 2 to 5 for each file you want to load.
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5.6.5
Note 1:
Saving a configuration file to flash memory may disrupt traffic on the
MediaPack. To avoid this, disable all traffic on the device before saving to
flash memory.
Note 2:
A device reset is required to activate a loaded CPT file.
7.
To save the loaded auxiliary files so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9
on page 161.
8.
To reset the MediaPack, refer to Section 5.9 on page 161.
Changing the MediaPack Username and Password
To prevent unauthorized access to the Embedded Web Server, two levels of security are
available: Administrator and Monitoring. Each employs a different username and password. For
detailed information on the dual access mechanism, refer to Section 5.2.1 on page 47.
It is recommended that you change the default username and password of the security mode you
use to access the Embedded Web Server.
¾
To change the username and password, take these 4 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Change Password’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Change
Password); the ‘Change Password’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-42: Change Password Screen
2.
In the ‘User Name’ and ‘New Password’ fields, enter the new username and the new
password respectively. Note that the username and password of both levels can be a
maximum of 19 case-sensitive characters.
3.
In the ‘Confirm Password’ field, reenter the new password.
4.
To apply the new username and password to the Administrator level:
Click the button Change Administrator Password; the new username and password are
applied and the ‘Enter Network Password’ screen appears, shown in Figure 5-1 on page 48.
Enter the updated username and password in the ‘Enter Network Password’ screen.
To apply the new username and password to the Monitoring level:
Click the button Change Monitoring Password; the new username and password are
applied.
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5.7
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Status & Diagnostics
Use this menu to view and monitor the gateway’s channels, Syslog messages, hardware /
software product information, and to assess the gateway’s statistics and IP connectivity
information.
5.7.1
Gateway Statistics
Use the screens under Gateway Statistics to monitor real-time activity such as IP Connectivity
information, call details and call statistics, including the number of call attempts, failed calls, fax
calls, etc.
Note: The Gateway Statistics screens doesn’t refresh automatically. To view updated information
re-access the screen you require.
5.7.1.1
IP Connectivity
The IP Connectivity screen provides you with an online read-only network diagnostic connectivity
information on all destination IP addresses configured in the Tel to IP Routing table.
Note: This information is available only if the parameter ‘AltRoutingTel2IPEnable’ (described in
Table 5-10) is set to 1 (Enable) or 2 (Status Only).
Note:
The information in columns ‘Quality Status’ and ‘Quality Info.’ (per IP
address) is reset if two minutes elapse without a call to that destination.
¾ To view the IP connectivity information, take these 2 steps:
1.
Set ‘AltRoutingTel2IPEnable’ to 1 or 2.
2.
Open the ‘IP Connectivity’ screen (Status & Diagnostics menu > Gateway Statistics
submenu > IP Connectivity); the ‘IP Connectivity’ screen is displayed (Figure 5-43).
Figure 5-43: IP Connectivity Screen
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Table 5-45: IP Connectivity Parameters
Column Name
Description
IP Address
IP address defined in the destination IP address field in the Tel to IP Routing table.
or
IP address that is resolved from the host name defined in the destination IP address field in
the Tel to IP Routing table.
Host Name
Host name (or IP address) defined in the destination IP address field in the Tel to IP Routing
table.
Connectivity Method
The method according to which the destination IP address is queried periodically (currently
only by ping).
Connectivity Status
Displays the status of the IP address’ connectivity according to the method in the ‘Connectivity
Method’ field.
Can be one of the following:
• OK
= Remote side responds to periodic connectivity queries.
• Lost
= Remote side didn’t respond for a short period.
• Fail
= Remote side doesn’t respond.
• Init
= Connectivity queries not started (e.g., IP address not resolved).
• Disable = The connectivity option is disabled (‘AltRoutingTel2IPMode’ equals 0 or 2).
Quality Status
Determines the QoS (according to packet loss and delay) of the IP address.
Can be one of the following:
• Unknown = Recent quality information isn’t available.
• OK
• Poor
Note 1: This field is applicable only if the parameter ‘AltRoutingTel2IPMode’ is set to 2 or 3.
Note 2: This field is reset if no QoS information is received for 2 minutes.
Quality Info.
Displays QoS information: delay and packet loss, calculated according to previous calls.
Note 1: This field is applicable only if the parameter ‘AltRoutingTel2IPMode’ is set to 2 or 3.
Note 2: This field is reset if no QoS information is received for 2 minutes.
DNS Status
Can be one of the following:
DNS Disable
DNS Resolved
DNS Unresolved
•
•
•
5.7.1.2
Call Counters
The Call Counters screens provide you with statistic information on incoming (IPÆTel) and
outgoing (TelÆIP) calls. The statistic information is updated according to the release reason that
is received after a call is terminated (during the same time as the end-of-call CDR message is
sent). The release reason can be viewed in the Termination Reason field in the CDR message.
For detailed information on each counter, refer to Table 5-46 on page 149.
You can reset this information by clicking the Reset Counters button.
¾ To view the IPÆTel and TelÆIP Call Counters information:
•
Open the Call Counters screen you want to view (Status & Diagnostics menu > Gateway
Statistics submenu); the relevant Call Counters screen is displayed. Figure 5-44 shows the
‘TelÆIP Call Counters’ screen.
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Figure 5-44: TelÆIP Call Counters Screen
Table 5-46: Call Counters Description (continues on pages 149 to 150)
Counter
Number of Attempted
Calls
Description
This counter indicates the number of attempted calls.
It is composed of established and failed calls. The number of established calls is
represented by the ‘Number of Established Calls’ counter. The number of failed
calls is represented by the five failed-call counters. Only one of the established /
failed call counters is incremented every time.
This counter indicates the number of established calls. It is incremented as a result
of one of the following release reasons, if the duration of the call is bigger then
zero:
GWAPP_REASON_NOT_RELEVANT (0)
GWAPP_NORMAL_CALL_CLEAR (16)
GWAPP_NORMAL_UNSPECIFIED (31)
And the internal reasons:
Number of Established RELEASE_BECAUSE_UNKNOWN_REASON
Calls
RELEASE_BECAUSE_REMOTE_CANCEL_CALL
RELEASE_BECAUSE_MANUAL_DISC
RELEASE_BECAUSE_SILENCE_DISC
RELEASE_BECAUSE_DISCONNECT_CODE
Note: When the duration of the call is zero, the release reason
GWAPP_NORMAL_CALL_CLEAR increments the ‘Number of Failed Calls due to
No Answer’ counter. The rest of the release reasons increment the ‘Number of
Failed Calls due to Other Failures’ counter.
This counter indicates the number of calls that failed as a result of a busy line. It is
Number of Failed Calls
incremented as a result of the following release reason:
due to a Busy Line
GWAPP_USER_BUSY (17)
This counter indicates the number of calls that weren’t answered. It is incremented
as a result of one of the following release reasons:
GWAPP_NO_USER_RESPONDING (18)
Number of Failed Calls
GWAPP_NO_ANSWER_FROM_USER_ALERTED (19)
due to No Answer
And (when the call duration is zero) as a result of the following:
GWAPP_NORMAL_CALL_CLEAR (16)
This counter indicates the number of calls whose destinations weren’t found. It is
Number of Failed Calls incremented as a result of one of the following release reasons:
due to No Route
GWAPP_UNASSIGNED_NUMBER (1)
GWAPP_NO_ROUTE_TO_DESTINATION (3)
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Table 5-46: Call Counters Description (continues on pages 149 to 150)
Counter
Description
This counter indicates the number of calls that failed due to mismatched gateway
Number of Failed Calls capabilities. It is incremented as a result of an internal identification of capability
due to No Matched
mismatch. This mismatch is reflected to CDR via the value of the parameter
Capabilities
‘DefaultReleaseReason’ (default is GWAPP_NO_ROUTE_TO_DESTINATION (3)),
or by the GWAPP_SERVICE_NOT_IMPLEMENTED_UNSPECIFIED(79) reason.
Number of Failed Calls This counter is incremented as a result of calls that fail due to reasons not covered
due to Other Failures by the other counters.
Percentage of
Successful Calls
The percentage of established calls from attempted calls.
Average Call Duration
The average call duration of established calls.
[sec]
Attempted Fax Calls
Counter
This counter indicates the number of attempted fax calls.
Successful Fax Calls
Counter
This counter indicates the number of successful fax calls.
5.7.1.3
Call Routing Status
The Call Routing Status screen provides you with information on the current routing method used
by the gateway. This information includes the IP address and FQDN (if used) of the Proxy server
the gateway currently operates with.
Figure 5-45: Call Routing Status Screen
Table 5-47: Call Routing Status Parameters
Parameter
Current Call-Routing Method
Description
Proxy = Proxy server is used to route calls.
Routing Table preferred to Proxy = The Tel to IP Routing table takes
precedence over a Proxy for routing calls (PreferRouteTable = 1).
Routing Table = The Tel to IP Routing table is used to route calls.
Current Proxy
Not Used = Proxy server isn’t defined.
IP address and FQDN (if exists) of the Proxy server the gateway currently
operates with.
Current Proxy State
N/A = Proxy server isn’t defined.
OK = Communication with the Proxy server is in order.
Fail = No response from any of the defined Proxies.
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Monitoring the MediaPack Channels
The Channel Status screen provides real time monitoring on the current channels status.
¾ To monitor the status of the MediaPack channels take this step:
•
Open the ‘Channel Status’ screen (Status & Diagnostics menu > Channel Status); the
‘Channel Status’ screen is displayed (different screen for FXS and FXO).
Figure 5-46: MediaPack/FXS Channel Status Screen
The color of each channel shows the call status of that channel. Refer to Table 5-48 below for
information on the different statuses a call can have.
Table 5-48: Channel Status Color Indicators
Indicator
Label
Description
Inactive
Indicates this channel is currently onhook
RTP Active
Indicates an active RTP stream.
Not Connected (FXO Indicates that no analog line is connected to
only)
this port.
Handset Offhook
Indicates this channel is offhook but there is
no active RTP session.
¾ To monitor the details of a specific channel, take these 2 steps:
1.
Click the numbered icon of the specific channel whose detailed status you need to
check/monitor; the channel-specific Channel Status screen appears, shown in Figure 5-47.
2.
Click the submenu links to check/view a specific channel’s parameter settings.
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Figure 5-47: Channel Status Details Screen
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5.7.3
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Activating the Internal Syslog Viewer
The Message Log screen displays Syslog debug messages sent by the gateway.
Note that it is not recommended to keep a ‘Message Log’ session open for a prolonged period
(refer to the Note below). For prolong debugging use an external Syslog server, refer to Section
13.2 on page 222.
Refer to the Debug Level parameter ‘GwDebugLevel’ (described in Table 5-5) to determine the
Syslog logging level.
¾ To activate the Message Log, take these 4 steps:
1.
In the General Parameters screen under Advanced Parameters submenu (accessed from
the Protocol Management menu), set the parameter ‘Debug Level’ to 5. This parameter
determines the Syslog logging level, in the range 0 to 5, where 5 is the highest level.
2.
Open the ‘Message Log’ screen (Status & Diagnostics menu > Message Log); the
‘Message Log’ screen is displayed and the Log is activated.
Figure 5-48: Message Log Screen
3.
Select the messages, copy them and paste them into a text editor such as Notepad. Send
this txt file to our Technical Support for diagnosis and troubleshooting.
4.
To clear the screen of messages, click on the submenu Message Log; the screen is cleared
and new messages begin appearing.
Tip:
Version 4.6
Do not keep the ‘Message Log’ screen minimized for a prolonged period as
a prolonged session may cause the MediaPack to overload. As long as the
screen is open (even if minimized), a session is in progress and messages
are sent. Closing the screen (and accessing another) stops the messages
and terminates the session.
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5.7.4
Device Information
The Device Information screen displays specific hardware and software product information. This
information can help you to expedite any troubleshooting process. Capture the screen and email
it to ‘our’ Technical Support personnel to ensure quick diagnosis and effective corrective action.
From this screen you can also view and remove any loaded files used by the MediaPack (stored
in the RAM).
¾ To access the System Information screen:
•
Open the ‘Device Information’ screen (Status & Diagnostics menu > Device Information);
the ‘Device Information’ screen is displayed.
Figure 5-49: Device Information Screen
¾ To delete any of the loaded files, take these 3 steps:
1.
Press the Delete button to the right of the files you want to delete. Deleting a file takes effect
only after the MediaPack is reset.
2.
Click the Reset button on the main menu bar; the Reset screen is displayed.
3.
Select the Burn option and click the Reset button. The MediaPack is reset and the files you
chose to delete are discarded.
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5.8
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Software Update
The ‘Software Update’ menu enables users to upgrade the MediaPack software by loading a new
cmp file along with the ini and a suite of auxiliary files, or to update the existing auxiliary files.
The ‘Software Update’ menu comprises two submenus:
•
Software Update Wizard (refer to Section 5.8.1 below).
•
Auxiliary Files (refer to Section 5.8.2 on page 159).
Note:
5.8.1
When upgrading the MediaPack software you must load the new cmp file
with all other related configuration files.
Software Upgrade Wizard
The Software Upgrade Wizard guides users through the process of software upgrade: selecting
files and loading them to the gateway. The wizard also enables users to upgrade software while
maintaining the existing configuration. Using the wizard obligates users to load and burn a cmp
file. Users can choose to also use the Wizard to load the ini and auxiliary files (e.g., Call Progress
Tones) but this option cannot be pursued without loading the cmp file. For the ini and each
auxiliary file type, users can choose to reload an existing file, load a new file or not load a file at
all.
Warning 1:
The Software Upgrade Wizard requires the MediaPack to be reset at the
end of the process, disrupting any of its traffic. To avoid disruption,
disable all traffic on the MediaPack before initiating the Wizard.
Warning 2:
Verify, prior to clicking the Start Software Upgrade button that no traffic is
running on the device. After clicking this button a device reset is
mandatory. Even if you choose to cancel the process in the middle, the
device resets itself and the previous configuration burned to flash is
reloaded.
¾ To use the Software Upgrade Wizard, take these 9 steps:
1.
Stop all traffic on the MediaPack (refer to the note above).
2.
Open the ‘Software Upgrade Wizard’ (Software Update menu > Software Upgrade
Wizard); the ‘Start Software Upgrade’ screen appears.
Figure 5-50: Start Software Upgrade Screen
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Note:
3.
At this point, the process can be canceled with no consequence to the
MediaPack (click the Cancel button). If you continue the process (by clicking
the Start Software Upgrade button, the process must be followed through
and completed with a MediaPack reset at the end. If you click the Cancel
button in any of the subsequent screens, the MediaPack is automatically
reset with the configuration that was previously burned in flash memory.
Click the Start Software Upgrade button; the ‘Load a cmp file’ screen appears (Figure
5-51).
Note:
When in the Wizard process, the rest of the Web application is unavailable
and the background Web screen is disabled. After the process is completed,
access to the full Web application is restored.
Figure 5-51: Load a cmp File Screen
4.
Click the Browse button, navigate to the cmp file and click the button Send File; the cmp file
is loaded to the MediaPack and you’re notified as to a successful loading (refer to Figure
5-52).
Figure 5-52: cmp File Successfully Loaded into the MediaPack Notification
5.
Note that the four action buttons (Cancel, Reset, Back, and Next) are now activated
(following cmp file loading).
You can now choose to either:
¾
Click Reset; the MediaPack resets, utilizing the new cmp you loaded and utilizing the
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current configuration files.
¾
Click Cancel; the MediaPack resets utilizing the cmp, ini and all other configuration files
that were previously stored in flash memory. Note that these are NOT the files you
loaded in the previous Wizard steps.
¾
Click Back; the ‘Load a cmp File’ screen is reverted to; refer to Figure 5-51.
¾
Click Next; the ‘Load an ini File’ screen opens; refer to Figure 5-53. Loading a new ini
file or any other auxiliary file listed in the Wizard is optional.
Note that as you progress, the file type list on the left indicates which file type loading is in
process by illuminating green (until ‘FINISH’).
Figure 5-53: Load an ini File Screen
6.
In the ‘Load an ini File’ screen, you can now choose to either:
¾
Click Browse and navigate to the ini file; the check box ‘Use existing configuration’, by
default checked, becomes unchecked. Click Send File; the ini file is loaded to the
MediaPack and you’re notified as to a successful loading.
¾
Ignore the Browse button (its field remains undefined and the check box ‘Use existing
configuration’ remains checked by default).
¾
Ignore the Browse button and uncheck the ‘Use existing configuration’ check box; no ini
file is loaded, the MediaPack uses its factory-preconfigured values.
You can now choose to either:
Version 4.6
¾
Click Cancel; the MediaPack resets utilizing the cmp, ini and all other configuration files
that were previously stored in flash memory. Note that these are NOT the files you
loaded in the previous Wizard steps.
¾
Click Reset; the MediaPack resets, utilizing the new cmp and ini file you loaded up to
now as well as utilizing the other configuration files.
¾
Click Back; the ‘Load a cmp file’ screen is reverted to; refer to Figure 5-51.
¾
Click Next; the ‘Load a CPT File’ screen opens, refer to Figure 5-54; Loading a new CPT
file or any other auxiliary file listed in the Wizard is optional.
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Figure 5-54: Load a CPT File Screen
7.
Follow the same procedure you followed when loading the ini file (refer to Step 6). The same
procedure applies to the ‘Load a VP file’ (not applicable to the MediaPack gateway) screen
and ‘Load a coefficient file’ screen.
8.
In the ‘FINISH’ screen (refer to Figure 5-55), the Next button is disabled. Complete the
upgrade process by clicking Reset or Cancel.
Button
Result
Reset
The MediaPack ‘burns’ the newly loaded files to flash memory. The ‘Burning files to flash
memory’ screen appears. Wait for the ‘burn’ to finish. When it finishes, the ‘End Process’
screen appears displaying the burned configuration files (refer to Figure 5-56).
Cancel
The MediaPack resets, utilizing the files previously stored in flash memory. (Note that
these are NOT the files you loaded in the previous Wizard steps).
Figure 5-55: FINISH Screen
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5. Configuring the MediaPack
Figure 5-56: ‘End Process’ Screen
9.
5.8.2
Click the End Process button; the ‘Quick Setup’ screen appears and the full Web application
is reactivated.
Auxiliary Files
The ‘Auxiliary Files’ screen enables you to load to the gateway the following files: Call Progress
Tones, coefficient and Prerecorded Tones (PRT). The Voice Prompts file is currently not
applicable to the MediaPack. For detailed information on these files, refer to Section 6 on page
163. For information on deleting these files from the MediaPack, refer to Section 5.7.4 on page
154. Table 5-49 presents a brief description of each auxiliary file.
Table 5-49: Auxiliary Files Descriptions
File Type
Description
Coefficient
This file (different file for FXS and FXO gateways) contains the telephony interface configuration
information for the VoIP gateway. This information includes telephony interface characteristics,
such as DC and AC impedance, feeding current and ringing voltage. This file is specific to the
type of telephony interface that the VoIP gateway supports. In most cases you have to load this
type of file.
Call Progress Tones This is a region-specific, telephone exchange-dependent file that contains the Call Progress
Tones levels and frequencies that the VoIP gateway uses. The default CPT file is: U.S.A.
Prerecorded Tones
The dat PRT file enhances the gateway’s capabilities of playing a wide range of telephone
exchange tones that cannot be defined in the Call Progress Tones file.
¾ To load an auxiliary file to the gateway, take these 8 steps:
1.
Open the ‘Auxiliary Files’ screen (Software Upgrade menu > Load Auxiliary Files); the
‘Auxiliary Files’ screen is displayed.
2.
Click the Browse button that is in the field for the type of file you want to load.
3.
Navigate to the folder that contains the file you want to load.
4.
Click the file and click the Open button; the name and path of the file appear in the field
beside the Browse button.
5.
Click the Send File button that is next to the field that contains the name of the file you want
to load. An exclamation mark in the screen section indicates that the file’s loading doesn’t
take effect on-the-fly (e.g., CPT file).
6.
Repeat steps 2 to 5 for each file you want to load.
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Note 1:
Saving an auxiliary file to flash memory may disrupt traffic on the MediaPack.
To avoid this, disable all traffic on the device before saving to flash memory.
Note 2:
A MediaPack reset is required to activate a loaded CPT file, and may be
required for the activation of certain ini file parameters.
7.
To save the loaded auxiliary files so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9
on page 161.
8.
To reset the MediaPack, refer to Section 5.9 on page 161.
Figure 5-57: Auxiliary Files Screen
5.8.2.1
Loading the Auxiliary Files via the ini File
¾ To load the auxiliary files via the ini file, take these 3 steps:
1.
In the ini file, define the auxiliary files to be loaded to the MediaPack. You can also define in
the ini file whether the loaded files should be stored in the non-volatile memory so that the
TFTP process is not required every time the MediaPack boots up.
2.
Locate the auxiliary files you want to load and the ini file in the same directory.
3.
Invoke a BootP/TFTP session; the ini and auxiliary files are loaded onto the MediaPack.
Table 5-50 below describes the ini file parameters that are associated with the configuration files.
Table 5-50: Configuration Files ini File Parameters
ini File Parameter Name
Description
CallProgressTonesFileName
The name (and path) of the file containing the Call Progress Tones
definition.
FXSLoopCharacteristicsFileName
The name (and path) of the file providing the FXS line characteristic
parameters.
FXOLoopCharacteristicsFileName
The name (and path) of the file providing the FXO line characteristic
parameters.
PrerecordedTonesFileName
The name (and path) of the file containing the Prerecorded Tones.
SaveConfiguration
Determines if the gateway’s configuration (parameters and files) is saved
to flash (non-volatile memory).
0 = Configuration isn’t saved to flash memory.
1 = Configuration is saved to flash memory (default).
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5.9
5. Configuring the MediaPack
Save Configuration
The Save Configuration screen enables users to save the current parameter configuration and
the loaded auxiliary files to the non-volatile memory so they are available after a power fail.
Parameters that are only saved to the volatile memory revert to their previous settings after
hardware reset.
Note that when performing a software reset (i.e., via Web or SNMP) you can choose to save the
changes to the non-volatile memory. Therefore, there is no need to use the Save Configuration
screen.
Note:
Saving changes to the non-volatile memory may disrupt traffic on the gateway.
To avoid this, disable all traffic before saving.
¾ To save the changes to the non-volatile, take these 2 steps:
1.
Click the Save Configuration button on the main menu bar; the ‘Save Configuration’ screen
is displayed.
Figure 5-58: Save Configuration Screen
2.
Version 4.6
Click the Save Configuration button in the middle of the screen; a confirmation message
appears when the save is complete.
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5.10 Resetting the MediaPack
The Reset screen enables you to remotely reset the gateway. Before reset you can choose to
save the gateway configuration to flash memory.
¾ To reset the MediaPack, take these 3 steps:
1.
Click the Reset button on the main menu bar; the Reset screen is displayed.
Figure 5-59: Reset Screen
2.
3.
Select one of the following options:
¾
Burn - (default) the current configuration is burned to flash prior to reset.
¾
Don’t Burn - resets the MediaPack without burning the current configuration to flash
(discards all modifications to the configuration).
Click the Reset button. If the Burn option is selected, all configuration changes are saved to
flash memory. If the Don’t Burn option is selected, all configuration changes are discarded.
The MediaPack is shut down and re-activated. A message about the waiting period is
displayed. The screen is refreshed.
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6. ini File Configuration of the MediaPack
ini File Configuration of the MediaPack
As an alternative to configuring the VoIP gateway using the Web Interface (refer to Section 5 on
page 47), it can be configured by loading the ini file containing Customer-configured parameters.
The ini file is loaded via the BootP/TFTP utility (refer to Appendix B on page 257) or via any
standard TFTP server. It can also be loaded through the Web Interface (refer to Section 5.6.3 on
page 144).
The ini file configuration parameters are stored in the MediaPack non-volatile memory after the
file is loaded. When a parameter is missing from the ini file, a default value is assigned to that
parameter (according to the cmp file loaded on the MediaPack) and stored in the non-volatile
memory (thereby overriding the value previously defined for that parameter). Therefore, to restore
the default configuration parameters, use the ini file without any valid parameters or with a
semicolon (;) preceding all lines in the file.
Some of the MediaPack parameters are configurable through the ini file only (and not via the
Web). These parameters usually determine a low-level functionality and are seldom changed for
a specific application.
Note:
6.1
For detailed explanation of each parameter, refer to Section 5 on page 47.
Secured ini File
The ini file contains sensitive information that is required for the functioning of the MediaPack. It is
loaded to, or retrieved from, the device via TFTP or HTTP. These protocols are unsecured and
vulnerable to potential hackers. Therefore an encoded ini file significantly reduces these threats.
You can choose to load an encoded ini file to the MediaPack. When you load an encoded ini file,
the retrieved ini file is also encoded. Use the ‘TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility’ to
encode or decode the ini file before you load it to, or retrieve it from the device. Note that the
encoded ini file’s loading procedure is identical to the regular ini file’s loading procedure. For
information on encoding / decoding an ini file, refer to Section D.1.2 on page 273.
6.2
Modifying an ini File
¾ To modify the ini file, take these 3 steps:
1.
Get the ini file from the gateway using the Embedded Web Server (refer to Section 5.6.3 on
page 144).
2.
Open the file (the file is open in Notepad or a Customer-defined text file editor) and modify
the ini file parameters according to your requirements; save and close the file.
3.
Load the modified ini file to the gateway (using either BootP/TFTP utility or the Embedded
Web Server).
This method preserves the programming that already exists in the device, including special
default values that were preconfigured when the unit was manufactured.
Tip:
Version 4.6
Before loading the ini file to the gateway, verify that the extension of the ini
file saved on your PC is correct: Verify that the check box ‘Hide file
extension for known file types’ (My computer>Tools>Folder Options>View)
is unchecked. Then, confirm that the ini file name extension is xxx.ini and
NOT erroneously xxx.ini.ini or xxx~.ini.
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6.3
The ini File Structure
The ini file can contain any number of parameters. The parameters are divided into groups by
their functionality. The general form of the ini file is shown in Figure 6-1 below.
Figure 6-1: ini File Structure
[Sub Section Name]
Parameter_Name = Parameter_Value
Parameter_Name = Parameter_Value
; REMARK
[Sub Section Name]
6.3.1
6.3.2
The ini File Structure Rules
•
Lines beginning with a semi-colon ‘;’ (as the first character) are ignored.
•
A Carriage Return must be the final character of each line.
•
The number of spaces before and after ‘=’ is not relevant.
•
If there is a syntax error in the parameter name, the value is ignored.
•
Syntax errors in the parameter value field can cause unexpected errors (because
parameters may be set to the wrong values).
•
Sub-section names are optional.
•
String parameters, representing file names, for example CallProgressTonesFileName, must
be placed between two inverted commas (‘…’).
•
The parameter name is NOT case-sensitive; the parameter value is not case-sensitive
except for coder names.
•
The ini file should be ended with one or more carriage returns.
The ini File Example
Figure 6-2 shows an example of an ini file for the VoIP gateway.
Figure 6-2: SIP ini File Example
[Channel Params]
DJBufferMinDelay = 75
RTPRedundancyDepth = 1
DefaultNumber = 101
MaxDigits = 3
CoderName = g7231,90
; Phone of each endpoint
Channel2Phone = 0, 101
Channel2Phone = 1, 102
Channel2Phone = 2, 103
Channel2Phone = 3, 104
EnableSyslog = 0
[Files]
CallProgressTonesFilename = 'CPUSA.dat'
FXSLoopCharacteristicsFileName = 'coeff.dat'
SaveConfiguration = 1
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7. Using BootP / DHCP
Using BootP / DHCP
The MediaPack uses the Bootstrap Protocol (BootP) and the Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP) to obtain its networking parameters and configuration automatically after it is
reset. BootP and DHCP are also used to provide the IP address of a TFTP server on the network,
and files (cmp and ini) to be loaded into memory.
DHCP is a communication protocol that automatically assigns IP addresses from a central point.
BootP is a protocol that enables a device to discover its own IP address. Both protocols have
been extended to enable the configuration of additional parameters specific to the MediaPack.
A BootP/DHCP request is issued after a power reset (refer to the flow chart in Figure 10-3 on
page 205), or after a device exception.
Note:
7.1
BootP is normally used to initially configure the MediaPack. Thereafter,
BootP is no longer required as all parameters can be stored in the gateway’s
non-volatile memory and used when BootP is inaccessible. BootP can be
used again to change the IP address of the MediaPack (for example).
BootP/DHCP Server Parameters
BootP/DHCP can be used to provision the following parameters (included in the BootP/DHCP
reply). Note that only the IP address and subnet mask are mandatory:
7.2
•
IP address, subnet mask - These mandatory parameters are sent to the MediaPack every
time a BootP/DHCP process occurs.
•
Default gateway IP address - An optional parameter that is sent to the MediaPack only if
configured in the BootP/DHCP server.
•
TFTP server IP address - An optional parameter that contains the address of the TFTP
server from which the firmware (cmp) and ini files are loaded.
•
DNS server IP address (primary and secondary) - Optional parameters that contain the IP
addresses of the primary and secondary DNS servers. These parameters are available only
in DHCP and from Boot version 1.92.
•
Syslog server IP address - An optional parameter that is sent to the MediaPack only if
configured. This parameter is available only in DHCP.
•
SIP server IP address – Two optional parameters that are sent to the MediaPack only if
configured. These parameters are available only in DHCP.
•
Firmware file name – An optional parameter that contains the name of the firmware file to be
loaded to the gateway via TFTP.
•
ini file name - An optional parameter that contains the name of the ini file to be loaded to the
gateway via TFTP.
Using DHCP
When the gateway is configured to use DHCP (DHCPEnable = 1), it attempts to contact the
enterprise’s DHCP server to obtain the networking parameters (IP address, subnet mask, default
gateway, primary/secondary DNS server and two SIP server addresses). These network
parameters have a ‘time limit’. After the time limit expires, the gateway must ‘renew’ its lease from
the DHCP server.
Note that if the DHCP server denies the use of the gateway's current IP address and specifies a
different IP address (according to RFC 1541), the gateway must change its networking
parameters. If this happens while calls are in progress, they are not automatically rerouted to the
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new network address (since this function is beyond the scope of a VoIP gateway). Therefore,
administrators are advised to configure DHCP servers to allow renewal of IP addresses.
Note: If the gateway's network cable is disconnected and reconnected, a DHCP renewal is
performed (to verify that the gateway is still connected to the same network).
When DHCP is enabled, the gateway also includes its product name (e.g., ‘MP-118 FXS’ or ‘MP104 FXO’) in the DHCP ‘option 60’ Vendor Class Identifier. The DHCP server can use this
product name to assign an IP address accordingly.
Note: After power-up, the gateway performs two distinct DHCP sequences. Only in the second
sequence, DHCP ‘option 60’ is contained. If the gateway is reset from the Web/SNMP, only a
single DHCP sequence containing ‘option 60’ is sent.
If DHCP procedure is used, the new gateway IP address, allocated by the DHCP server, must be
detected.
Note:
If, during operation, the IP address of the gateway is changed as a result of
a DHCP renewal, the gateway is automatically reset.
¾ To detect the gateway’s IP address, follow one of the procedures
below:
•
Starting with Boot version 1.92, the gateway can use a host name in the DHCP request. The
host name is set to acl_nnnnn, where nnnnn stands for the gateway’s serial number (the
serial number is equal to the last 6 digits of the MAC address converted from Hex to
decimal). If the DHCP server registers this host name to a DNS server, the user can access
the gateway (through a Web browser) using a URL of http://acl_<serial number> (instead of
using the gateway’s IP address). For example, if the gateway’s MAC address is
00908f010280, the DNS name is acl_66176.
•
After physically resetting the gateway its IP address is displayed in the ‘Client Info’ column in
the BootP/TFTP configuration utility (refer to Figure B-1 on page 259).
•
Use the CLI (for detailed information on using the CLI, refer to Section 14 on page 223).
•
Contact your System Administrator.
7.3
Using BootP
7.3.1
Upgrading the MediaPack
When upgrading the MediaPack (loading new software onto the gateway) using the BootP/TFTP
configuration utility:
•
From version 4.4 to version 4.4 or to any higher version, the device retains its configuration
(ini file). However, the auxiliary files (CPT, logo, etc.) may be erased.
•
From version 4.6 to version 4.6 or to any higher version, the device retains its configuration
(ini file) and auxiliary files (CPT, logo, etc.).
You can also use the Software Upgrade wizard, available through the Web Interface (refer to
Section 5.8.1 on page 155).
Note: To save the cmp file to non-volatile memory, use the -fb command line switches. If the file
is not saved, the gateway reverts to the old version of software after the next reset. For
information on using command line switches, refer to Section B.11.6 on page 266.
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7.3.2
7. Using BootP / DHCP
Vendor Specific Information Field
The MediaPack uses the vendor specific information field in the BootP request to provide devicerelated initial startup information. The BootP/TFTP configuration utility displays this information in
the ‘Client Info’ column (refer to Figure B-1).
Note: This option is not available on DHCP servers.
The Vendor Specific Information field is disabled by default. To enable / disable this feature: set
the ini file parameter ‘ExtBootPReqEnable’ (Table 5-37 on page 128) or use the ‘-be’ command
line switch (refer to Table B-1 on page 266).
Table 7-1 details the vendor specific information field according to device types:
Table 7-1: Vendor Specific Information Field
Description
Value
Length
220
Gateway Type
#10 = MP-102
#11 = MP-104
#12 = MP-108
#13 = MP-124
#14 = MP-118
#15 = MP-114
#16 = MP-112
1
221
Current IP Address
XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX
4
222
Burned Boot Software Version
X.XX
4
223
Burned cmp Software Version
XXXXXXXXXXXX
12
224
Geographical Address
0 – 31
1
225
Chassis Geographical Address
0 – 31
1
228
Indoor / Outdoor
(Indoor is valid only for FXS. FXO
is always Outdoor.)
#0 = Indoor
#1 = Outdoor
1
229
E&M
N/A
1
230
Analog Channels
2 / 4 / 8 / 24
1
Tag #
Table 7-2 exemplifies the structure of the vendor specific information field for a TP-1610 slave
module with IP address 10.2.70.1.
Table 7-2: Structure of the Vendor Specific Information Field
1
Tag End
70
Value (4)
2
Value (3)
10
Value (2)
4
Value (1)
221
Length
167
1
Tag Num
1
Value
225
Length
2
Tab Num
1
Value
220
Length
Version 4.6
12
Tag Num
42
Length
Total
VendorSpecific
Information
Code
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8. Telephony Capabilities
8
Telephony Capabilities
8.1
Working with Supplementary Services
The MediaPack SIP FXS and FXO gateways support the following supplementary services:
•
Hold / Retrieve; refer to Section 8.1.1.
•
Consultation / Alternate; refer to Section 8.1.2.
•
Transfer (Refer + Replaces); refer to Section 8.1.3.
•
Call Forward (3xx Redirect Responses); refer to Section 8.1.4.
•
Call Waiting (182 Queued Response); refer to Section 8.1.5.
•
Message Waiting Indication (MWI); refer to Section 8.1.6.
To activate these supplementary services (Hold, Transfer, Forward, Waiting and MWI) on the
MediaPack gateway, enable each service’s corresponding parameter either from the Web
Interface or via the ini file. Note that all call participants must support the specific used method.
Note:
When working with application servers (such as BroadSoft’s BroadWorks) in
client server mode (the application server controls all supplementary
services and keypad features by itself), the gateway’s supplementary
services must be disabled.
8.1.1
Call Hold and Retrieve
8.1.1.1
Initiating Hold/Retrieve
8.1.1.2
8.1.2
•
Active calls can be put on-hold by pressing the phone's hook-flash button.
•
The party that initiates the hold is called the holding party; the other party is called the held
party.
•
After a successful Hold, the holding party hears a Dial Tone.
•
Call retrieve can be performed only by the holding party while the call is held and active.
•
The holding party performs the retrieve by pressing the hook-flash.
•
After a successful retrieve, voice is connected again.
•
Hold is performed by sending a REINVITE with the IP address 0.0.0.0 or ‘a=sendonly’ in the
SDP according to the parameter ‘HoldFormat’.
Receiving Hold / Retrieve
•
When an active call receives REINVITE message with either the IP address 0.0.0.0 or the
‘inactive’ string in SDP, the gateway stops sending RTP and plays a local Held Tone.
•
When an active call receives REINVITE message with ‘sendonly’ string in SDP, the gateway
stops sending RTP and listens to the remote party. In this mode, it is expected that on-hold
music (or any other hold tone) is to be played (over IP) by the remote party.
Consultation / Alternate
•
The consolation feature is relevant only for the holding party (applicable only to the
MediaPack/FXS gateway).
•
After holding a call (by pressing hook-flash), the holding party hears dial tone and can now
initiate a new call that is called a consultation call.
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8.1.3
•
While hearing dial tone, or when dialing to the new destination (before dialing is complete)
the user can retrieve the held call by pressing hook-flash.
•
The held call can’t be retrieved while Ringback tone is heard.
•
After the consultation call is connected, the user can switch between the held and active call
by pressing hook-flash.
Call Transfer
There are two types of call transfers:
•
Consultation Transfer (Refer + Replaces)
•
Blind Transfer (Refer)
The common way to perform a consultation transfer is as follows:
In the transfer scenario there are three parties:
Party A = transferring, Party B = transferred, Party C = transferred to.
•
A Calls B.
•
B answers.
•
A presses the hook-flash and puts B on-hold (party B hears a hold tone)
•
A dials C.
•
After A completed dialing C, he can perform the transfer by onhook the A phone.
•
After the transfer is completed B and C parties are engaged in a call.
The transfer can be initiated at any of the following stages of the call between A to C:
a. Just after completing dialing C phone number - Transfer from setup.
b. While hearing Ringback
– Transfer from alert.
c.
– Transfer from active.
While speaking to C
Blind transfer is performed after we have a call between A and B, and party A decides to transfer
the call to C immediately without speaking with C.
The result of the transfer is a call between B and C (just like consultation transfer only skipping
the consultation stage).
Note the following SIP issues:
8.1.4
•
Transfer is initiated by sending Refer with Replaces.
•
The gateway can receive and act upon receiving Refer with or without Replaces.
•
The gateway can receive and act upon receiving INVITE with Replaces, in which case the
old call is replaced by the new one.
•
The INVITE with Replaces can be used to implement Directed Call Pickup.
Call Forward
Five forms of call forward are supported:
1.
Immediate
- Any incoming call is forwarded immediately and unconditionally.
2.
Busy
- Incoming call is forwarded if the endpoint is busy.
3.
No reply
-The incoming call is forwarded if it isn't answered for a specified time.
4.
On busy or No reply - Forward incoming calls when the port is busy or when calls are not
answered after a configurable period of time.
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5.
Do Not Disturb
8. Telephony Capabilities
- Immediately reject incoming calls.
Three forms of forwarding parties are available:
1.
Served party – the party that is configured to forward the call – MediaPack/FXS.
2.
Originating party – the party that initiated the first call – MediaPack/FXS or FXO.
3.
Diverted party – the new destination of the forwarded call – MediaPack/FXS or FXO.
The served party (MediaPack/FXS) can be configured through the Web browser (refer to Section
5.5.8.4 on page 104) or via ini file to activate one of the call forward modes. These modes are
configurable per gateway's endpoint.
Note the following SIP issues:
8.1.5
•
Initiating forward – When forward is initiated, the gateway sends a 302 response with a
contact that contains the phone number from the forward table and its corresponding IP
address from the routing table (or, when Proxy is used, the proxy’s IP address).
•
Receiving forward – The gateway handles 3xx responses for redirecting calls with a new
contact.
Call Waiting
The Call Waiting feature enables FXS gateways to accept an additional (second) call on busy
endpoints. If an incoming IP call is designated to a busy port, the called party hears call waiting
tone (several configurable short beeps) and (for Bellcore and ETSI Caller IDs) can view the Caller
ID string of the incoming call. The calling party hears a Call Waiting Ringback Tone. Called party
can accept the new call, using hook-flash, and can toggle between the two calls.
To enable Call Waiting:
•
Set ‘EnableCallWaiting = 1’.
•
Set ‘EnableHold = 1’.
•
Define the Call Waiting indication and Call Waiting Ringback tones in the Call Progress
Tones file. You can define up to four Call Waiting indication tones (refer to the parameter
‘FirstCallWaitingToneID’ in Table 5-27).
•
To configure the Call Waiting indication tone cadence, modify the following parameters:
‘NumberOfWaitingIndications’, ‘WaitingBeepDuration’ and ‘TimeBetweenWaitingIndications’.
•
To configure a delay interval before a Call Waiting Indication is played to the currently busy
port use the parameter ‘TimeBeforeWaitingIndication’. This enables the caller to hang up
before disturbing the called party with Call Waiting Indications. Applicable only to FXS
gateways.
Both the calling and the called sides are supported by FXS gateways; the FXO gateways support
only the calling side.
To indicate Call Waiting, the gateway sends a 182 - call queued response.
The gateway identifies a Waiting Call when a 182 (call queued response) is received.
8.1.6
Message Waiting Indication
Support for Message Waiting Indication (MWI) according to IETF <draft-ietf-sipping-mwi-04.txt>,
including SUBSCRIBE (to MWI server). MediaPack/FXS gateways can accept an MWI NOTIFY
message that indicates waiting messages or that the MWI is cleared. Users are informed of these
messages by a stutter dial tone. The stutter and confirmation tones are defined in the CPT file
(refer to Section 16.1 on page 241). If the MWI display is configured, the number of waiting
messages is also displayed. If the MWI lamp is configured, the phone’s lamp (on a phone that is
equipped with an MWI lamp) is lit. The gateway can subscribe to the MWI server per port (usually
used on FXS) or per gateway (used on FXO).
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To configure MWI set the following parameters:
•
EnableMWI
•
MWIServerIP
•
MWIAnalogLamp
•
MWIDisplay
•
StutterToneDuration
•
EnableMWISubscription
•
MWIExpirationTime
•
SubscribeRetryTime
•
SubscriptionMode
•
CallerIDType (determines the standard for detection of MWI signals)
•
ETSIVMWITypeOneStandard
•
BellcoreVMWITypeOneStandard
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8.2
8. Telephony Capabilities
Configuring the DTMF Transport Types
You can control the way DTMF digits are transported over the IP network to the remote endpoint.
The following five modes are supported:
1.
Using INFO message according to the Nortel IETF draft:
In this mode DTMF digits are carried to the remote side within INFO messages.
To enable this mode set:
¾
‘IsDTMFUsed’ = 1
(Protocol Management>Protocol Definition>DTMF &
Dialing>Use Out-of-Band DTMF = Yes)
¾
‘OutOfBandDTMFFormat = 1’
(Protocol Management>Protocol Definition>DTMF &
Dialing>Out-of-Band DTMF Format = INFO (Nortel))
¾
‘RxDTMFOption = 0’
(Protocol Management>Protocol Definition>DTMF &
Dialing>Declare RFC 2833 in SDP = No)
Note that in this mode DTMF digits are erased from the audio stream (DTMFTransportType
is automatically set to 0 (DTMF Mute)).
2.
Using INFO message according to Cisco’s style:
In this mode DTMF digits are carried to the remote side within INFO messages.
To enable this mode set:
¾
‘IsDTMFUsed’ = 1
(Use Out-of-Band DTMF = Yes)
¾
‘OutOfBandDTMFFormat = 2’
(Out-of-Band DTMF Format = INFO (Cisco))
¾
‘RxDTMFOption = 0’
(Declare RFC 2833 in SDP = No)
Note that in this mode DTMF digits are erased from the audio stream (DTMFTransportType
is automatically set to 0 (DTMF Mute)).
3.
Using NOTIFY messages according to <draft-mahy-sipping-signaled-digits-01.txt>:
In this mode DTMF digits are carried to the remote side using NOTIFY messages.
To enable this mode set:
¾
‘IsDTMFUsed’ = 1
(Use Out-of-Band DTMF = Yes)
¾
‘OutOfBandDTMFFormat = 3’
(Out-of-Band DTMF Format = NOTIFY)
¾
‘RxDTMFOption = 0’
(Declare RFC 2833 in SDP = No)
Note that in this mode DTMF digits are erased from the audio stream (DTMFTransportType
is automatically set to 0 (DTMF Mute)).
4.
Using RFC 2833 relay with Payload type negotiation:
In this mode, DTMF digits are carried to the remote side as part of the RTP stream in
accordance with RFC 2833 standard.
To enable this mode set:
¾
‘IsDTMFUsed’ = 0
(Use Out-of-Band DTMF = No)
¾
TxDTMFOption = 4
(Protocol Management>Protocol Definition>DTMF &
Dialing>DTMF RFC 2833 Negotiation = Enable)
¾
‘RxDTMFOption = 3’
(Declare RFC 2833 in SDP = Yes)
¾
‘DTMFTransportType = 3’ (Advanced Configuration>Channel Settings>Voice
Settings>DTMF Transport Type = RFC 2833 Relay DTMF)
Note that to set the RFC 2833 payload type with a different value (other than its default, 96)
configure the ‘RFC2833PayloadType’ (RFC 2833 Payload Type) parameter. The gateway
negotiates the RFC 2833 payload type using local and remote SDP and sends packets using
the PT from the received SDP. The gateway expects to receive RFC 2833 packets with the
same PT as configured by the ‘RFC2833PayloadType’ parameter. The RFC 2833 packets
are sent even if the remote side didn't include the send ‘telephone-event’ parameter in its
SDP, in which case the gateway uses the same PT for send and for receive.
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5.
Sending DTMF digits (in RTP packets) as part of the audio stream (DTMF Relay is disabled):
Note that this method is normally used with G.711 coders; with other LBR coders the quality
of the DTMF digits is reduced.
To ser this mode:
¾
‘IsDTMFUsed’ = 0
(Use Out-of-Band DTMF = No)
¾
‘TxDTMFOption’ = 0
(DTMF RFC 2833 Negotiation = Disable)
¾
‘RxDTMFOption = 0’
(Declare RFC 2833 in SDP = Yes)
¾
‘DTMFTransportType = 2’ (DTMF Transport Type = Transparent DTMF)
Note 1:
The gateway is always ready to receive DTMF packets over IP, in all
possible transport modes: INFO messages, NOTIFY and RFC 2833 (in
proper payload type) or as part of the audio stream.
Note 2:
To exclude RFC 2833 Telephony event parameter from the gateway’s SDP,
set ‘RxDTMFOption = 0’ in the ini file.
The following parameters affect the way the MediaPack SIP handles the DTMF digits:
Table 8-1: Summary of DTMF configuration Parameters (continues on pages 174 to 175)
ini File Field Name
[Web Name]
IsDTMFUsed
[Use Out-of-Band DTMF]
Valid Range and Description
Use out-of-band signaling to relay DTMF digits.
No [0] = DTMF digits are sent inband (default).
Yes [1] = DTMF digits are sent out-of-band according to the parameter ‘Out-of-band
DTMF format’.
Note: When out-of-band DTMF transfer is used, the parameter ‘DTMF Transport Type’ is
automatically set to 0 (erase the DTMF digits from the RTP stream).
OutOfBandDTMFFormat
The exact method to send out-of-band DTMF digits.
[1] = Sends DTMF digits according with IETF <draft-choudhuri-sip[Out-of-Band DTMF Format] INFO (Nortel)
info-digit-00>.
INFO (Cisco)
[2] = Sends DTMF digits according with Cisco format (default).
NOTIFY (3Com)
[3] = NOTIFY format <draft-mahy-sipping-signaled-digits-01.txt>.
Note 1: To use out-of-band DTMF, set ‘IsDTMFUsed=1’.
Note 2: When using out-of-band DTMF, the ‘DTMFTransportType’ parameter is
automatically set to 0, to erase the DTMF digits from the RTP stream.
TxDTMFOption
[DTMF RFC 2833
Negotiation]
Disable [0] = No negotiation, DTMF digit is sent according to the parameters ‘DTMF
Transport Type’ and ‘RFC2833PayloadType’ (default).
Enable [4] = Enable RFC 2833 payload type (PT) negotiation
Note 1: This parameter is applicable only if ‘IsDTMFUsed=0’ (out-of-band DTMF is not
used).
Note 2: If enabled, the gateway:
•
•
•
Negotiates RFC 2833 payload type using local and remote SDPs.
Sends DTMF packets using RFC 2833 PT according to the PT in the received SDP.
Expects to receive RFC 2833 packets with the same PT as configured by the
‘RFC2833PayloadType’ parameter.
Note 3: If the remote party doesn’t include the RFC 2833 DTMF relay payload type in the
SDP, the gateway uses the same PT for send and for receive.
Note 4: If TxDTMFOption is set to 0, the RFC 2833 payload type is set according to the
parameter ‘RFC2833PayloadType’ for both transmit and receive.
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Table 8-1: Summary of DTMF configuration Parameters (continues on pages 174 to 175)
ini File Field Name
[Web Name]
RxDTMFOption
[Declare RFC 2833 in SDP]
Valid Range and Description
Defines the supported Receive DTMF negotiation method.
No [0] = Don’t declare RFC 2833 Telephony-event parameter in SDP
Yes [3] = Declare RFC 2833 Telephony-event parameter in SDP (default)
The MediaPack is designed to always be receptive to RFC 2833 DTMF relay packets.
Therefore, it is always correct to include the ‘Telephony-event’ parameter as a default in
the SDP. However some gateways use the absence of the ‘telephony-event’ from the
SDP to decide to send DTMF digits inband using G.711 coder, if this is the case you can
set ‘RxDTMFOption=0’.
RFC 2833 Payload Type
[RFC2833PayloadType]
The RFC 2833 DTMF relay dynamic payload type.
Range: 96 to 99, 106 to 127; Default = 96
The 100, 102 to 105 range is allocated for proprietary usage.
Note 1: Cisco is using payload type 101 for RFC 2833.
Note 2: When RFC 2833 payload type (PT) negotiation is used (TxDTMFOption=4), this
payload type is used for the received DTMF packets. If negotiation isn’t used, this
payload type is used for receive and for transmit.
MGCPDTMFDetectionPoin 0 = DTMF event is reported on the end of a detected DTMF digit.
t
1 = DTMF event is reported on the start of a detected DTMF digit (default).
DTMFDigitLength
Time in msec for generating DTMF tones to the PSTN side (if OutOfBandDTMFFormat =
1 or 2).
The default value is 100 msec. The valid range is 0 to 32767.
DTMFInterDigitInterval
Time in msec between generated DTMFs to PSTN side (if OutOfBandDTMFFormat = 1
or 2).
The default value is 100 msec. The valid range is 0 to 32767.
DTMFVolume
[DTMF Volume]
DTMF level for regenerated digits to PSTN side (-31 to 0, corresponding to -31 dBm to 0
dBm in 1 dB steps, default = -11 dBm).
DTMFTransportType
[DTMF Transport Type]
DTMF Mute
[0] = Erase digits from voice stream, do not relay to remote.
Transparent DTMF
[2] = Digits remain in voice stream.
RFC 2833 Relay DTMF [3] = Erase digits from voice stream, relay to remote according
to RFC 2833.
Note: This parameter is automatically updated if one of the following parameters is
configured: IsDTMFUsed, TxDTMFOption or RxDTMFOption.
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8.3
Fax & Modem Transport Modes
8.3.1
Fax/Modem Settings
Users may choose to use one of the following transport methods for fax and for each modem type
(V.22/V.23/Bell/V.32/V.34):
•
Fax relay
demodulation / modulation
•
Bypass
using a high bit rate coder to pass the signal
•
Transparent
passing the signal in the current voice coder
When the fax relay mode is enabled, distinction between fax and modem is not immediately
possible at the beginning of a session. The channel is therefore in ‘Answer Tone’ mode until a
distinction is determined. The packets being sent to the network at this stage are T.38-complaint
fax relay packets.
8.3.2
Configuring Fax Relay Mode
When FaxTransportMode = 1 (relay mode), then on detection of fax the channel automatically
switches from the current voice coder to answer tone mode, and then to T.38-compliant fax relay
mode.
When fax transmission has ended, the reverse switching from fax relay to voice is performed.
This mode switching automatically occurs at both the local and remote endpoints.
Users can limit the fax rate using the FaxRelayMaxRate parameter and can enable/disable ECM
fax mode using the FaxRelayECMEnable parameter.
When using T.38 mode, the user can define a redundancy feature to improve fax transmission
over congested IP network. This feature is activated by ‘FaxRelayRedundancyDepth’ and
‘EnhancedFaxRelayRedundancyDepth’ parameters. Although this is a proprietary redundancy
scheme, it should not create problems when working with other T.38 decoders.
Note:
8.3.3
T.38 mode currently supports only the T.38 UDP syntax.
Configuring Fax/Modem Bypass Mode
When VxxTransportType= 2 (FaxModemBypass, Vxx can be one of the following:
V32/V22/Bell/V34/Fax), then on detection of fax/modem, the channel automatically switches from
the current voice coder to a high bit-rate coder, as defined by the user, with the
FaxModemBypassCoderType configuration parameter.
During the bypass period, the coder uses the packing factor (by which a number of basic coder
frames are combined together in the outgoing WAN packet) set by the user in the
FaxModemBypassM configuration parameter. The network packets generated and received
during the bypass period are regular voice RTP packets (per the selected bypass coder) but with
a different RTP Payload type.
When fax/modem transmission ends, the reverse switching, from bypass coder to regular voice
coder, is carried out.
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8.3.4
8. Telephony Capabilities
Supporting V.34 Faxes
V.34 faxes don’t comply with the T.38 relay standard. We therefore provide the optional modes
described under Sections 8.3.4.1 and 8.3.4.2:
Note that the CNG detector is disabled (CNGDetectorMode=0) in all the following examples.
8.3.4.1
Using Bypass Mechanism for V.34 Fax Transmission
In this proprietary scenario, the media gateway uses a high bit-rate coder to transmit V.34 faxes,
enabling the full utilization of its speed.
Refer to the following configurations:
FaxTransportMode = 2 (Bypass)
V34ModemTransportType = 2 (Modem bypass)
V32ModemTransportType = 2
V23ModemTransportType = 2
V22ModemTransportType = 2
In this configuration, both T.30 and V.34 faxes work in Bypass mode.
Or
FaxTransportMode = 1 (Relay)
V34ModemTransportType = 2 (Modem bypass)
V32ModemTransportType = 2
V23ModemTransportType = 2
V22ModemTransportType = 2
In this configuration, T.30 fax uses T.38 Relay mode while V.34 fax uses Bypass mode.
8.3.4.2
Using Relay mode for both T.30 and V.34 faxes
In this scenario, V.34 fax machines are compelled to use their backward compatibility with T.30
faxes; as a T.30 machine, the V.34 fax can use T.38 Relay mode.
Refer to the following configuration:
FaxTransportMode = 1 (Relay)
V34ModemTransportType = 0 (Transparent)
V32ModemTransportType = 0
V23ModemTransportType = 0
V22ModemTransportType = 0
Both T.30 and V.34 faxes use T.38 Relay mode. This configuration forces the V.34 fax machine
to operate in the slower T.30 mode.
8.4
Call Termination on MediaPack/FXO
The following six methods for call termination are supported by the MediaPack/FXO. Note that
the used disconnection methods must be supported by the CO or PBX.
•
Version 4.6
Detection of polarity reversal / current disconnect This is the recommended method. The call is immediately disconnected after polarity
reversal or current disconnect is detected on the Tel side (assuming the PBX / CO produces
this signal).
Relevant parameters: EnableReversalPolarity, EnableCurrentDisconnect,
CurrentDisconnectDuration, CurrentDisconnectDefaultThreshold and
TimeToSampleAnalogLineVoltage.
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8.5
•
Detection of Reorder / Busy tones The call is immediately disconnected after Reorder / Busy tone is detected on the Tel side
(assuming the PBX / CO produces this tone). This method requires the correct tone
frequencies and cadence to be defined in the Call Progress Tones file. If these frequencies
are not known, define them in the CPT file (the tone produced by the PBX / CO must be
recorded and its frequencies analyzed). This method is slightly less reliable than the
previous one. You can use the CPTWizaed (described in Section D.1.3 on page 274) to
analyze Call Progress Tones generated by any PBX or telephone network.
Relevant parameter: TimeForReorderTone.
•
Detection of silence The call is disconnected after silence is detected on both call directions for a specific
(configurable) amount of time. The call isn’t disconnected immediately; therefore, this
method should only be used as a backup.
Relevant parameters: EnableSilenceDisconnect and FarEndDisconnectSilencePeriod (with
DSP templates number 2 or 3).
•
A special DTMF code A digit pattern that, when received from the Tel side, indicates the gateway to disconnect the
call.
Relevant ini file parameter: TelDisconnectCode.
•
Interruption of RTP stream Relevant parameters: BrokenConnectionEventTimeout and
DisconnectOnBrokenConnection. Note that this method operates correctly only if silence
suppression is not used.
•
Protocol-based termination of the call from the IP side.
ThroughPacket™
The gateway supports a proprietary method to aggregate RTP streams from several channels to
reduce the bandwidth overhead caused by the attached Ethernet, IP, UDP and RTP headers, and
to reduce the packet / data transmission rate. This option reduces the load on network routers
and can typically save 50% (e.g., for G.723) on IP bandwidth.
ThroughPacket™ is accomplished by aggregating payloads from several channels that are sent
to the same destination IP address into a single IP packet.
ThroughPacket™ can be applied to the entire gateway or, using IP Profile, to specific IP
destinations (refer to Section 5.5.5.3 on page 95). Note that ThroughPacket™ must be enabled
on both gateways.
To enable ThroughPacket™ set the parameter ‘RemoteBaseUDPPort’ to a nonzero value. Note
that the value of ‘RemoteBaseUDPPort’ on the local gateway must equal the value of
‘BaseUDPPort’ of the remote gateway. The gateway uses these parameters to identify and
distribute the payloads from the received multiplexed IP packet to the relevant channels.
In ThroughPacket™ mode, the gateway uses a single UDP port for all incoming multiplexed
packets and a different port for outgoing packets. These ports are configured using the
parameters ‘L1L1ComplexTxUDPPort’ and ‘L1L1ComplexRxUDPPort’.
When ThroughPacket™ is used the following options aren’t available:
8.6
•
DTMF transport using RFC 2833 (DTMFs should be transported out-of-band).
•
Call statistics (since there is no RTCP flow).
Dynamic Jitter Buffer Operation
Voice frames are transmitted at a fixed rate. If the frames arrive at the other end at the same rate,
voice quality is perceived as good. In many cases, however, some frames can arrive slightly
faster or slower than the other frames. This is called jitter (delay variation), and degrades the
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8. Telephony Capabilities
perceived voice quality. To minimize this problem, the gateway uses a jitter buffer. The jitter
buffer collects voice packets, stores them and sends them to the voice processor in evenly
spaced intervals.
The MediaPack uses a dynamic jitter buffer that can be configured using two parameters:
•
Minimum delay, ‘DJBufMinDelay’ (0 msec to 150 msec). Defines the starting jitter capacity of
the buffer. For example, at 0 msec, there is no buffering at the start. At the default level of 70
msec, the gateway always buffers incoming packets by at least 70 msec worth of voice
frames.
•
Optimization Factor, ‘DJBufOptFactor’ (0 to 12, 13). Defines how the jitter buffer tracks to
changing network conditions. When set at its maximum value of 12, the dynamic buffer
aggressively tracks changes in delay (based on packet loss statistics) to increase the size of
the buffer and doesn’t decays back down. This results in the best packet error performance,
but at the cost of extra delay. At the minimum value of 0, the buffer tracks delays only to
compensate for clock drift and quickly decays back to the minimum level. This optimizes the
delay performance but at the expense of a higher error rate.
The default settings of 70 msec Minimum delay and 7 Optimization Factor should provide a good
compromise between delay and error rate. The jitter buffer ‘holds’ incoming packets for 70 msec
before making them available for decoding into voice. The coder polls frames from the buffer at
regular intervals in order to produce continuous speech. As long as delays in the network do not
change (jitter) by more than 70 msec from one packet to the next, there is always a sample in the
buffer for the coder to use. If there is more than 70 msec of delay at any time during the call, the
packet arrives too late. The coder tries to access a frame and is not able to find one. The coder
must produce a voice sample even if a frame is not available. It therefore compensates for the
missing packet by adding a Bad-Frame-Interpolation (BFI) packet. This loss is then flagged as the
buffer being too small. The dynamic algorithm then causes the size of the buffer to increase for
the next voice session. The size of the buffer may decrease again if the gateway notices that the
buffer is not filling up as much as expected. At no time does the buffer decrease to less than the
minimum size configured by the Minimum delay parameter.
Special Optimization Factor Value: 13
One of the purposes of the Jitter Buffer mechanism is to compensate for clock drift. If the two
sides of the VoIP call are not synchronized to the same clock source, one RTP source generates
packets at a lower rate, causing under-runs at the remote Jitter Buffer. In normal operation
(optimization factor 0 to 12), the Jitter Buffer mechanism detects and compensates for the clock
drift by occasionally dropping a voice packet or by adding a BFI packet.
Fax and modem devices are sensitive to small packet losses or to added BFI packets. Therefore
to achieve better performance during modem and fax calls, the Optimization Factor should be set
to 13. In this special mode the clock drift correction is performed less frequently - only when the
Jitter Buffer is completely empty or completely full. When such condition occurs, the correction is
performed by dropping several voice packets simultaneously or by adding several BFI packets
simultaneously, so that the Jitter Buffer returns to its normal condition.
8.7
Configuring the Gateway’s Alternative Routing
(based on Connectivity and QoS)
The Alternative Routing feature enables reliable routing of Tel to IP calls when a Proxy isn’t used.
The MediaPack gateway periodically checks the availability of connectivity and suitable Quality of
Service (QoS) before routing. If the expected quality cannot be achieved, an alternative IP route
for the prefix (phone number) is selected.
8.7.1
Alternative Routing Mechanism
When a TelÆIP call is routed through the MediaPack gateway, the call’s destination number is
compared to the list of prefixes defined in the Tel to IP Routing table (described in Section 5.5.4.2
on page 83). The Tel to IP Routing table is scanned for the destination number’s prefix starting at
the top of the table. When an appropriate entry (destination number matches one of the prefixes)
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is found; the prefix’s corresponding destination IP address is checked. If the destination IP
address is disallowed, an alternative route is searched for in the following table entries.
Destination IP address is disallowed if no ping to the destination is available (ping is continuously
initiated every 7 seconds), when an inappropriate level of QoS was detected, or when DNS host
name is not resolved. The QoS level is calculated according to delay or packet loss of previously
ended calls. If no call statistics are received for two minutes, the QoS information is reset.
The MediaPack gateway matches the rules starting at the top of the table. For this reason, enter
the main IP route above any alternative route.
8.7.2
Determining the Availability of Destination IP Addresses
To determine the availability of each destination IP address (or host name) in the routing table,
one (or all) of the following (configurable) methods are applied:
8.7.3
•
Connectivity - The destination IP address is queried periodically (currently only by ping).
•
QoS - The QoS of an IP connection is determined according to RTCP statistics of previous
calls. Network delay (in msec) and network packet loss (in percentage) are separately
quantified and compared to a certain (configurable) threshold. If the calculated amounts (of
delay or packet loss) exceed these thresholds the IP connection is disallowed.
•
DNS resolution – When host name is used (instead of IP address) for the destination route, it
is resolved to an IP address by a DNS server. Connectivity and QoS are then applied to the
resolved IP address.
Relevant Parameters
The following parameters (described in Table 5-10) are used to configure the Alternative Routing
mechanism:
8.8
•
AltRoutingTel2IPEnable
•
AltRoutingTel2IPMode
•
IPConnQoSMaxAllowedPL
•
IPConnQoSMaxAllowedDelay
Mapping PSTN Release Cause to SIP Response
The MediaPack FXO gateway is used to interoperate between the SIP network and the
PSTN/PBX. This interoperability includes the mapping of PSTN/PBX Call Progress Tones to SIP
4xx or 5xx responses for IPÆTel calls. The converse is also true: For TelÆIP calls, the SIP 4xx
or 5xx responses are mapped to tones played to the PSTN/PBX.
When establishing an IPÆTel call the following rules are applied:
If the remote party (PSTN/PBX) is busy and the FXO gateway detects a Busy tone, it sends 486
busy to IP. If it detects a Reorder tone, it sends 404 not found (no route to destination) to IP. In
both cases the call is released. Note that if ‘DisconnectOnBusyTone = 0’ the FXO gateway
ignores the detection of Busy/Reorder tones and doesn’t release the call.
For all other MediaPack FXS/FXO releases (caused when there are no free channels in the
specific hunt group, or when an appropriate rule for routing the call to a hunt group doesn’t exist,
or if the phone number isn’t found), the MediaPack sends SIP response (to IP) according to the
parameter ‘DefaultReleaseCause’. This parameter defines Q.931 release causes. Its default
value is ‘3’, that is mapped to SIP 404 response. By changing its value to ‘34’ SIP 503 response
is sent. Other causes can be used as well.
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8.9
8. Telephony Capabilities
Call Detail Report
The Call Detail Report (CDR) contains vital statistic information on calls made by the gateway.
CDRs are generated at the end and (optionally) at the beginning of each call (determined by the
parameter ‘CDRReportLevel’). The destination IP address for CDR logs is determined by the
parameter ‘CDRSyslogServerIP’.
The following CDR fields are supported:
Table 8-2: Supported CDR Fields
Version 4.6
Field Name
Description
Cid
CallId
Trunk
BChan
ConId
TG
EPTyp
Orig
SourceIp
DestIp
TON
NPI
SrcPhoneNum
TON
NPI
DstPhoneNum
DstNumBeforeMap
Durat
Coder
Intrv
RtpIp
Port
TrmSd
TrmReason
Fax
InPackets
OutPackets
PackLoss
UniqueId
SetupTime
ConnectTime
ReleaseTime
RTPdelay
RTPjitter
RTPssrc
RemoteRTPssrc
RedirectReason
TON
NPI
RedirectPhonNum
Port Number
H.323/SIP Call Identifier
N/A
N/A
H.323/SIP Conference ID
Trunk Group Number
Endpoint Type
Call Originator (IP, Tel)
Source IP Address
Destination IP Address
Source Phone Number Type
Source Phone Number Plan
Source Phone Number
Destination Phone Number Type
Destination Phone Number Plan
Destination Phone Number
Destination Number Before Manipulation
Call Duration
Selected Coder
Packet Interval
RTP IP Address
Remote RTP Port
Initiator of Call Release (IP, Tel, Unknown)
Termination Reason
Fax Transaction during the Call
Number of Incoming Packets
Number of Outgoing Packets
Number of Incoming Lost Packets
unique RTP ID
Call Setup Time
Call Connect Time
Call Release Time
RTP Delay
RTP Jitter
Local RTP SSRC
Remote RTP SSRC
Redirect Reason
Redirection Phone Number Type
Redirection Phone Number Plan
Redirection Phone Number
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8.10 Proxy or Registrar Registration Example
The REGISTER message is sent to the Registrar’s IP address (if configured) or to the Proxy’s IP
address. The message is sent per gateway or per gateway endpoint according to the
‘AuthenticationMode’ parameter. Usually the FXS gateways are registered per gateway port,
while FXO gateways send a single registration message, where Username is used instead of
phone number in From/To headers. The registration request is resent according to the parameter
‘RegistrartionTimeDivider’. For example, if ‘RegistrationTimeDivider = 70’ (%) and Registration
Expires time = 3600, the gateway resends its registration request after 3600 x 70% = 2520 sec.
The default value of ‘RegistrartionTimeDivider’ is 50%.
REGISTER sip:servername SIP/2.0
VIA: SIP/2.0/UDP 212.179.22.229;branch=z9hG4bRaC7AU234
From: <sip:101@sipgatewayname>;tag=1c29347
To: <sip:101@sipgatewayname>
Call-ID: 10453@212.179.22.229
Seq: 1 REGISTER
Expires: 3600
Contact: sip:101@212.179.22.229
Content-Length: 0
The ‘servername’ string is defined according to the following rules:
•
The ‘servername’ is equal to ‘RegistrarName’ if configured. The ‘RegistrarName’ can be any
string.
•
Otherwise, the ‘servername’ is equal to ‘RegistrarIP’ (either FQDN or numerical IP address),
if configured.
•
Otherwise the ‘servername’ is equal to ‘ProxyName’ if configured. The ‘ProxyName’ can be
any string.
•
Otherwise the ‘servername’ is equal to ‘ProxyIP’ (either FQDN or numerical IP address).
The ‘sipgatewayname’ parameter (defined in the ini file or set from the Web browser), can be
any string. Some Proxy servers require that the ‘sipgatewayname’ (in REGISTER messages) is
set equal to the Registrar/Proxy IP address or to the Registrar/Proxy domain name.
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8.11 Configuration Examples
8.11.1 Establishing a Call between Two Gateways
After you’ve installed and set up the MediaPack, you can ensure that it functions as expected by
establishing a call between it and another gateway. This section exemplifies how to configure two
8-port MediaPack FXS SIP gateways in order to establish a call. After configuration, you can
make calls between telephones connected to a single MediaPack gateway or between the two
MediaPack gateways.
In the following example, the IP address of the first gateway is 10.2.37.10 and its endpoint
numbers are 101 to 108. The IP address of the second gateway is 10.2.37.20 and its endpoint
numbers are 201 to 208.
In this example, a SIP Proxy is not used. Call routing is performed using the internal ‘Tel to IP
Routing’ table.
¾ To configure the two gateways, take these 4 steps:
1.
Configure the following settings on the first MediaPack gateway (10.2.37.10):
¾
2.
Configure the following settings on the second MediaPack gateway (10.2.37.20):
¾
3.
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In the ‘Endpoint Phone Numbers’ screen, assign the phone numbers 201 to 208 for the
gateway’s endpoints.
Configure the following settings for both gateways:
¾
4.
In the ‘Endpoint Phone Numbers’ screen, assign the phone numbers 101 to 108 for the
gateway’s endpoints.
In the ‘Tel to IP Routing’ screen, in the first row, enter 10 in the ‘Destination Phone
Prefix’ field and enter the IP address of the first gateway (10.2.37.10) in the field ‘IP
Address’. In the second row, enter 20 and the IP address of the second gateway
(10.2.37.20) respectively.
These settings enable the routing (from both gateways) of outgoing TelÆIP calls that
start with 10 to the first gateway and calls that start with 20 to the second gateway.
Make a call. Pick up the phone connected to port #1 of the first MediaPack and dial 102 (to
the phone connected to port #2 of the same gateway). Listen out for progress tones at the
calling endpoint and for ringing tone at the called endpoint. Answer the called endpoint, talk
into the calling endpoint, and check the voice quality. Dial 201 from the phone connected to
port #1 of the first MediaPack gateway; the phone connected to port #1 of the second
MediaPack rings. Answer the call and check the voice quality.
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8.11.2 SIP Call Flow
The following Call Flow describes SIP messages exchanged between two MediaPack gateways
during simple call.
Phone ‘6000’ dials ‘2000’, sending INVITE message to Gateway 10.8.201.161
Figure 8-1: SIP Call Flow
10.8.201.158
10.8.201.161
INVITE
F1
Ringing
F2
200 OK
F3
ACK
F4
BYE
F5
200 OK
F6
F1 10.8.201.158 ==> 10.8.201.161 INVITE
INVITE sip:6000@10.8.201.161;user=phone SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.8.201.158;branch=z9hG4bKacolwbzYF
From: <sip:2000@10.8.201.158>;tag=1c3535
To: <sip:6000@10.8.201.161>
Call-ID: 2123353775377NrpL-2000--6000@10.8.201.158
CSeq: 20214 INVITE
Contact: <sip:2000@10.8.201.158;user=phone>
User-Agent: Audiocodes-Sip-Gateway/MP-108 FXS/v.4.20.299.410
Supported: 100rel,em
Accept-Language: en
Allow: REGISTER,OPTIONS,INVITE,ACK,CANCEL,BYE,NOTIFY,PRACK,REFER,INFO
Content-Type: application/sdp
Content-Length: 208
v=0
s=Phone-Call
t=0 0
o=AudiocodesGW 87943 43401 IN IP4 10.8.201.158
c=IN IP4 10.8.201.158
m=audio 6000 RTP/AVP 8 96
a=rtpmap:8 pcma/8000
a=rtpmap:96 telephone-event/8000
a=fmtp:96 0-15
a=ptime:20
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F2 10.8.201.161 ==> 10.8.201.158 180 RINGING
SIP/2.0 180 Ringing
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.8.201.158;branch=z9hG4bKacolwbzYF
From: <sip:2000@10.8.201.158>;tag=1c3535
To: <sip:6000@10.8.201.161>;tag=1c29715
Call-ID: 2123353775377NrpL-2000--6000@10.8.201.158
Server: Audiocodes-Sip-Gateway/MP-108 FXS/v.4.20.299.410
CSeq: 20214 INVITE
Supported: 100rel,em
Content-Length: 0
Note:
Phone ‘2000’ answers the call, and sends 200 OK message to gateway
10.8.201.158.
F3 10.8.201.161 ==> 10.8.201.158 200 OK
SIP/2.0 200 OK
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.8.201.158;branch=z9hG4bKacolwbzYF
From: <sip:2000@10.8.201.158>;tag=1c3535
To: <sip:6000@10.8.201.161>;tag=1c29715
Call-ID: 2123353775377NrpL-2000--6000@10.8.201.158
CSeq: 20214 INVITE
Contact: <sip:6000@10.8.201.161;user=phone>
Server: Audiocodes-Sip-Gateway/MP-108 FXS/v.4.20.299.410
Supported: 100rel,em
Allow: REGISTER,OPTIONS,INVITE,ACK,CANCEL,BYE,NOTIFY,PRACK,REFER,INFO
Content-Type: application/sdp
Content-Length: 208
v=0
s=Phone-Call
t=0 0
o=AudiocodesGW 30762 37542 IN IP4 10.8.201.161
c=IN IP4 10.8.201.161
m=audio 4040 RTP/AVP 8 96
a=rtpmap:8 pcma/8000
a=ptime:20
a=rtpmap:96 telephone-event/8000
a=fmtp:96 0-15
F4 10.8.201.158 ==> 10.8.201.161 ACK
ACK sip:6000@10.8.201.161;user=phone;user=phone SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.8.201.158;branch=z9hG4bKachoWSQxD
From: <sip:2000@10.8.201.158>;tag=1c3535
To: <sip:6000@10.8.201.161>;tag=1c29715
Call-ID: 2123353775377NrpL-2000--6000@10.8.201.158
User-Agent: Audiocodes-Sip-Gateway/MP-108 FXS/v.4.20.299.410
CSeq: 20214 ACK
Supported: 100rel,em
Content-Length: 0
Note:
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Phone ‘6000’ goes onhook, gateway 10.8.201.161 sends BYE to gateway
10.8.201.158. Voice path is established.
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F5 10.8.201.161 ==> 10.8.201.158 BYE
BYE sip:2000@10.8.201.158;user=phone;user=phone SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.8.201.161;branch=z9hG4bKacLBzZgmA
From: <sip:6000@10.8.201.161>;tag=1c29715
To: <sip:2000@10.8.201.158>;tag=1c3535
Call-ID: 2123353775377NrpL-2000--6000@10.8.201.158
User-Agent: Audiocodes-Sip-Gateway/MP-108 FXS/v.4.20.299.410
CSeq: 34541 BYE
Supported: 100rel,em
Content-Length: 0
F6 10.8.201.158 ==> 10.8.201.161 200 OK
SIP/2.0 200 OK
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.8.201.161;branch=z9hG4bKacLBzZgmA
From: <sip:6000@10.8.201.161>;tag=1c29715
To: <sip:2000@10.8.201.158>;tag=1c3535
Call-ID: 2123353775377NrpL-2000--6000@10.8.201.158
Server: Audiocodes-Sip-Gateway/MP-108 FXS/v.4.20.299.410
CSeq: 34541 BYE
Supported: 100rel,em
Content-Length: 0
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8.11.3 SIP Authentication Example
MediaPack gateways support basic and digest (MD5) authentication types, according to SIP RFC
3261 standard. A proxy server might require authentication before forwarding an INVITE
message. A Registrar/Proxy server may also require authentication for client registration. A proxy
replies to an unauthenticated INVITE with a 407 Proxy Authorization Required response,
containing a Proxy-Authenticate header with the form of the challenge. After sending an ACK for
the 407, the User Agent can then resend the INVITE with a Proxy-Authorization header
containing the credentials.
User Agent, redirect or registrar servers typically use 401 Unauthorized response to challenge
authentication containing a WWW-Authenticate header, and expect the re-INVITE to contain an
Authorization header.
The following example describes the Digest Authentication procedure including computation of
User Agent credentials.
The REGISTER request is sent to Registrar/Proxy server for registration, as follows:
REGISTER sip:10.2.2.222 SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.1.1.200
From: <sip: 122@10.1.1.200>;tag=1c17940
To: <sip: 122@10.1.1.200>
Call-ID: 634293194@10.1.1.200
User-Agent: Audiocodes-Sip-Gateway/MP-108 FXS/v.4.20.299.410
CSeq: 1 REGISTER
Contact: sip:122@10.1.1.200:
Expires:3600
On receiving this request the Registrar/Proxy returns 401 Unauthorized response.
SIP/2.0 401 Unauthorized
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.2.1.200
From: <sip:122@10.2.2.222 >;tag=1c17940
To: <sip:122@10.2.2.222 >
Call-ID: 634293194@10.1.1.200
Cseq: 1 REGISTER
Date: Mon, 30 Jul 2001 15:33:54 GMT
Server: Columbia-SIP-Server/1.17
Content-Length: 0
WWW-Authenticate: Digest realm="audiocodes.com",
nonce="11432d6bce58ddf02e3b5e1c77c010d2",
stale=FALSE,
algorithm=MD5
According to the sub-header present in the WWW-Authenticate header the correct REGISTER
request is formed.
Since the algorithm used is MD5, take:
The username is equal to the endpoint phone number: 122
The realm return by the proxy: audiocodes.com
The password from the ini file: AudioCodes.
The equation to be evaluated: (according to RFC this part is called A1).
‘122:audiocodes.com:AudioCodes’.
The MD5 algorithm is run on this equation and stored for future usage.
The result is: ‘a8f17d4b41ab8dab6c95d3c14e34a9e1’
Next we need to evaluate the par called A2. We take:
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The method type ‘REGISTER’
Using SIP protocol ‘sip’
Proxy IP from ini file ‘10.2.2.222’
The equation to be evaluated:
‘REGISTER:sip:10.2.2.222’.
The MD5 algorithm is run on this equation and stored for future usage.
The result is:’a9a031cfddcb10d91c8e7b4926086f7e’
The final stage:
The A1 result
The nonce from the proxy response: ‘11432d6bce58ddf02e3b5e1c77c010d2’
The A2 result
The equation to be evaluated:
‘A1:11432d6bce58ddf02e3b5e1c77c010d2:A2’.
The MD5 algorithm is run on this equation. The outcome of the calculation is the response
needed by the gateway to be able to register with the Proxy.
The response is: ‘b9c45d0234a5abf5ddf5c704029b38cf’
At this time a new REGISTER request is issued with the response:
REGISTER sip:10.2.2.222 SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.1.1.200
From: <sip: 122@10.1.1.200>;tag=1c23940
To: <sip: 122@10.1.1.200>
Call-ID: 654982194@10.1.1.200
Server: Audiocodes-Sip-Gateway/MP-108 FXS/v.4.20.299.410
CSeq: 1 REGISTER
Contact: sip:122@10.1.1.200:
Expires:3600
Authorization: Digest, username: 122,
realm="audiocodes.com”,
nonce="11432d6bce58ddf02e3b5e1c77c010d2",
uri=”10.2.2.222”,
response=“b9c45d0234a5abf5ddf5c704029b38cf”
On receiving this request, if accepted by the Proxy, the proxy returns a 200 OK response closing
the REGISTER transaction.
SIP/2.0 200 OK
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.1.1.200
From: <sip: 122@10.1.1.200>;tag=1c23940
To: <sip: 122@10.1.1.200>
Call-ID: 654982194@10.1.1.200
Cseq: 1 REGISTER
Date: Thu, 26 Jul 2001 09:34:42 GMT
Server: Columbia-SIP-Server/1.17
Content-Length: 0
Contact: <sip:122@10.1.1.200>; expires="Thu, 26 Jul 2001 10:34:42 GMT"; action=proxy;
q=1.00
Contact: <122@10.1.1.200:>; expires="Tue, 19 Jan 2038 03:14:07 GMT"; action=proxy;
q=0.00
Expires: Thu, 26 Jul 2001 10:34:42 GMT
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8.11.4 Remote IP Extension between FXO and FXS
This application explains how to implement remote extension via IP, using 8-port FXO and 8-port
FXS MediaPack gateways. In this configuration, PBX incoming calls are routed to the ‘Remote
Extension’ via the FXO and FXS gateways.
Requirements:
•
One FXO MediaPack gateway
•
One FXS MediaPack gateway
•
Analog phones (POTS)
•
PBX – one or more PBX loop start lines
•
LAN.
Connect the FXO MediaPack ports directly to the PBX lines as shown in the diagram below:
Figure 8-2: MediaPack FXS & FXO Remote IP Extension
8.11.4.1 Dialing from Remote Extension
(Phone connected to FXS)
¾ To configure the call, take these 6 steps:
1.
Lift the handset to hear the dial tone coming from PBX, as if the phone was connected
directly to PBX.
2.
FXS and FXO MediaPack gateways establish a voice path connection from the phone to the
PBX immediately the phone handset is raised.
3.
Dial the destination number (the DTMF digits are sent, over IP, directly to the PBX).
4.
All tones heard are generated from the PBX (such as Ringback, busy or fast busy tones).
5.
There is one-to-one mapping between FXS ports and PBX lines.
6.
The call is disconnected when the phone connected to the FXS goes onhook.
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8.11.4.2 Dialing from other PBX line, or from PSTN
¾ To configure the call, take these 5 steps:
1.
Dial the PBX subscriber number the same way as if the user’s phone was connected directly
to PBX.
2.
Immediately as PBX rings into FXO MediaPack, the ring signal is ‘send’ to phone connected
to FXS MediaPack.
3.
Once the phone’s handset, connected to FXS MediaPack, is raised, the FXO MediaPack
seizes the PBX line and the voice path is established between the phone and the PBX line.
4.
There is a one to one mapping between PBX lines and FXS MediaPack ports. Each PBX line
is routed to the same phone (connected to FXS MediaPack).
5.
The call is disconnected when phone connected to FXS MediaPack goes onhook.
8.11.4.3 FXS MediaPack Configuration (using the Embedded Web Server)
¾ To configure the FXS MediaPack, take these 3 steps:
1.
In the ‘Endpoint Phone Numbers’ screen, assign the phone numbers 100 to 107 for the
gateway’s endpoints.
2.
In the ‘Automatic Dialing’ screen, enter the phone numbers of the FXO MediaPack gateway
in the ‘Destination Phone Number’ fields. When a phone connected to port #1 goes offhook,
the FXS gateway automatically dials the number ‘200’.
3.
In the ‘Tel to IP Routing’ screen, enter 20 in the ‘Destination Phone Prefix’ field, and the IP
address of the FXO MediaPack gateway (10.1.10.2) in the field ‘IP Address’.
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8.11.4.4 FXO MediaPack Configuration (using the Embedded Web Server)
¾ To configure the FXO MediaPack, take these 4 steps:
1.
In the ‘Endpoint Phone Numbers’ screen, assign the phone numbers 200 to 207 for the
gateway’s endpoints.
2.
In the ‘Automatic Dialing’ screen, enter the phone numbers of the FXS MediaPack gateway
in the ‘Destination Phone Number’ fields. When a ringing signal is detected at port #1, the
FXO gateway automatically dials the number ‘100’.
3.
In the ‘Tel to IP Routing’ screen, enter 10 in the ‘Destination Phone Prefix’ field, and the IP
address of the FXS MediaPack gateway (10.1.10.3) in the field ‘IP Address’.
4.
In the ‘Protocol Management’ screen, set the parameter ‘Dialing Mode’ to ‘Two Stage’
(IsTwoStageDial=1).
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9
Networking Capabilities
9.1
Ethernet Interface Configuration
Using the parameter ‘EthernetPhyConfiguration‘, users can control the Ethernet connection
mode.
Either the manual modes (10 Base-T Half-Duplex, 10 Base-T Full-Duplex, 100 Base-TX HalfDuplex, 100 Base-TX Full-Duplex) or Auto-Negotiate mode can be used.
Auto-Negotiation falls back to Half-Duplex mode when the opposite port is not Auto-Negotiate,
but the speed (10 Base-T, 100 Base-TX) in this mode is always configured correctly. Note that
configuring the gateway to Auto-Negotiate mode while the opposite port is set manually to FullDuplex (either 10 Base-T or 100 Base-TX) is invalid (as it causes the gateway to fall back to HalfDuplex mode while the opposite port is Full-Duplex). It is also invalid to set the gateway to one of
the manual modes while the opposite port is either Auto-Negotiate or not exactly matching (both
in speed and in duplex mode). Users are encouraged to always prefer Full-Duplex connections to
Half-Duplex ones and 100 Base-TX to 10 Base-T (due to the larger bandwidth). It is strongly
recommended to use the same mode in both link partners. Any mismatch configuration can yield
unexpected functioning of the Ethernet connection.
Note that when remote configuration is performed, the gateway should be in the correct Ethernet
setting prior to the time this parameter takes effect. When, for example, the gateway is configured
using BootP/TFTP, the gateway must perform many Ethernet-based transactions prior to reading
the ini file containing this gateway configuration parameter.
To work around this problem, the gateway always uses the last Ethernet setup mode configured.
This way, if users want to configure the gateway to work in a new network environment in which
the current Ethernet setting of the gateway is invalid, they should first modify this parameter in the
current network so that the new setting holds next time gateway is restarted. After reconfiguration
has completed, connect the gateway to the new network and restart it. As a result, the remote
configuration process that takes place in the new network uses a valid Ethernet configuration.
9.2
NAT (Network Address Translation) Support
Figure 9-1 below illustrates the supported NAT architecture.
Figure 9-1: NAT Functioning
If the remote gateway resides behind a NAT device, it’s possible that the MediaPack can activate
the RTP/RTCP/T.38 streams to an invalid IP address / UDP port. To avoid such cases, the
MediaPack automatically compares the source address of the incoming RTP/RTCP/T.38 stream
with the IP address and UDP port of the remote gateway. If the two are not identical, the
transmitter modifies the sending address to correspond with the address of the incoming stream.
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The RTP, RTCP and T.38 can thus have independent destination IP addresses and UDP ports.
Users can choose to disable the NAT mechanism by setting the ini file parameter ‘DisableNAT’ to
1. The two parameters ‘EnableIpAddrTranslation’ and ‘EnableUdpPortTranslation’ enable users
to specify the type of compare operation that takes place on the first incoming packet. To
compare only the IP address, set ‘EnableIpAddrTranslation = 1’ and ‘EnableUdpPortTranslation =
0’. In this case, if the first incoming packet arrives with only a difference in the UDP port, the
sending addresses won’t change. If both the IP address and UDP port need to be compared, then
both parameters need to be set to 1.
9.3
Robust Reception of RTP Streams
This mechanism filters out unwanted RTP streams that are sent to the same port number on the
gateway. These multiple RTP streams can result from traces of previous calls, call control errors
and deliberate attacks.
When more than one RTP stream reaches the gateway on the same port number, the gateway
accepts only one of the RTP streams and rejects the rest of the streams. The RTP stream is
selected according to the following procedure:
The first packet arriving on a newly opened channel sets the source IP address and UDP port
from which further packets are received. Thus, the source IP address and UDP port identify the
currently accepted stream. If a new packet arrives whose source IP address or UDP port are
different to the currently accepted RTP stream, there are two options:
9.4
•
The new packet has a source IP address and UDP port which are the same as the remote IP
address and UDP port that were stated during the opening of the channel. In this case, the
gateway reverts to this new RTP stream.
•
The new packet has any other source IP address and UDP port, in which case the packet is
dropped.
Multiple Routers Support
Multiple routers support is designed to assist the media gateway when it operates in a multiple
routers network. The gateway learns the network topology by responding to ICMP redirections
and caches them as routing rules (with expiration time).
When a set of routers operating within the same subnet serve as gateways to that network and
intercommunicate using a dynamic routing protocol (such as OSPF), the routers can determine
the shortest path to a certain destination and signal the remote host the existence of the better
route. Using multiple router support the media gateway can utilize these router messages to
change its next hop and establish the best path.
Note: Multiple Routers support is an integral feature that doesn’t require configuration.
9.5
Simple Network Time Protocol Support
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) client functionality generates requests and reacts to the
resulting responses using the NTP version 3 protocol definitions (according to RFC 1305).
Through these requests and responses, the NTP client is able to synchronize the system time to
a time source within the network, thereby eliminating any potential issues should the local system
clock 'drift' during operation. By synchronizing time to a network time source, traffic handling,
maintenance, and debugging actions become simplified for the network administrator.
The NTP client follows a simple process in managing system time; the NTP client requests an
NTP update, receives an NTP response, and updates the local system clock based on a
configured NTP server within the network.
The client requests a time update from a specified NTP server at a specified update interval. In
most situations this update interval should be every 24 hours based on when the system was
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restarted. The NTP server identity (as an IP address) and the update interval are configurable
parameters that can be specified either in the ini file (NTPServerIP, NTPUpdateInterval
respectively) or via an SNMP MIB object.
When the client receives a response to its request from the identified NTP server it must be
interpreted based on time zone, or location, offset that the system is to a standard point of
reference called the Universal Time Coordinate (UTC). The time offset that the NTP client should
use is a configurable parameter that can be specified either in the ini file (NTPServerUTCOffset)
or via an SNMP MIB object.
If required, the clock update is performed by the client as the final step of the update process.
The update is done in such a way as to be transparent to the end users. For instance, the
response of the server may indicate that the clock is running too fast on the client. The client
slowly robs bits from the clock counter in order to update the clock to the correct time. If the clock
is running too slow, then in an effort to catch the clock up, bits are added to the counter, causing
the clock to update quicker and catch up to the correct time. The advantage of this method is that
it does not introduce any disparity in the system time, that is noticeable to an end user, or that
could corrupt call timeouts and timestamps.
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9.6
VLANS and Multiple IPs
9.6.1
Multiple IPs
Media, Control and Management (OAM) traffic in the MediaPack can be separated into three
dedicated networks. Instead of a single IP address, the MediaPack can be assigned three IP
addresses and subnet masks, each relates to a different traffic type. This architecture enables
users to integrate the MediaPack into a three-network environment that is focused on security
and segregation. Each entity in the MediaPack (e.g., Web, RTP) is mapped to a single traffic type
(according to Table 9-1 on page 197) in which it operates.
Refer to the following notes:
•
In the current version, a default gateway is only supported for the Media traffic type; for the
other two, use the IP Routing table.
•
The IP address and subnet mask used in the Single IP Network mode are carried over to the
OAM traffic type in the Multiple IP Network mode.
For detailed information on integrating the MediaPack into a VLAN and multiple IPs network, refer
to Section 9.6.3 on page 197. For detailed information on configuring the multiple IP parameters,
refer to Section 5.6.1.1 on page 114.
9.6.2
IEEE 802.1p/Q (VLANs and Priority)
The Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) mechanism enables the MediaPack to be integrated into
a VLAN-aware environment that includes switches, routers and endpoints.
When in VLAN-enabled mode, each packet is tagged with values that specify its priority (class-ofservice) (IEEE 802.1p) and the identifier (traffic type) of the VLAN to which it belongs (media,
control or management) (IEEE 802.1Q).
The class-of-service mechanism can be utilized to accomplish Ethernet QoS. Packets sent by the
MediaPack to the Ethernet network are divided into five, different-priority classes (Network,
Premium media, Premium control, Gold and Bronze). The priority of each class is determined by
a corresponding ini file parameter.
Traffic type tagging can be used to implement Layer 2 VLAN security. By discriminating traffic into
separate and independent domains, the information is preserved within the VLAN. Incoming
packets received from an incorrect VLAN are discarded.
For the mapping of an application to its class-of-service and traffic type, refer to Table 9-1 below.
Media traffic type is assigned ‘Premium media’ class of service, Management traffic type is
assigned ‘Bronze’ class of service, and Control traffic type is assigned ‘Premium control’ class of
service.
For example, RTP/RTCP traffic is assigned the Media VLAN ID and ‘Premium media’ class of
service, whereas Web traffic is assigned the Management VLAN ID and ‘Bronze’ class of service.
Each of these parameters can be configured with a 802.1p/q value: traffic type to VLAN ID, and
class of service to 802.1p priority.
Note 1:
The VLAN mechanism is activated only when the gateway is loaded from the
flash memory. Therefore, when using BootP:
Load an ini file with ‘VlanMode = 1’ and ‘SaveConfiguration = 1’. Then (after
the gateway is active) reset the gateway using any method except for BootP.
Note 2:
The gateway must be connected to a VLAN-aware switch, and the switch’s
PVID must be equal to the gateway’s native VLAN ID.
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For information on how to configure VLAN parameters, refer to Section 5.6.1.8 on page 125.
Table 9-1: Traffic / Network Types and Priority
Application
Traffic / Network Types
Class-of-Service (Priority)
Debugging interface
Management
Bronze
Telnet
Management
Bronze
DHCP
Management
Network
Web server (HTTP)
Management
Bronze
SNMP GET/SET
Management
Bronze
Web server (HTTPS)
Management
Bronze
IPSec IKE
Determined by the service
Determined by the service
RTP traffic
Media
Premium media
RTCP traffic
Media
Premium media
T.38 traffic
Media
Premium media
SIP
Control
Premium control
SIP over TLS (SIPS)
Control
Premium control
Syslog
Management
Bronze
ICMP
Management
Determined by the initiator of the request
ARP listener
Determined by the initiator of the
request
Network
SNMP Traps
Management
Bronze
DNS client
EnableDNSasOAM
Network
EnableNTPasOAM
Depends on the traffic type:
Control:
Premium control
Management: Bronze
NTP
9.6.2.1
Operation
Outgoing packets (from the gateway to the switch):
All outgoing packets are tagged, each according to its interface (control, media or OAM). If the
gateway’s native ID is identical to one of the other IDs (usually to the OAM ID), this ID (e.g.,
OAM) is set to zero on outgoing packets. This method is called Priority Tagging (p tag without Q
tag).
Incoming packets (from the switch to the gateway):
The switch sends all packets intended for the gateway (according to the switch’s configuration) to
the gateway without altering them. For packets whose VLAN ID is identical to the switch’s PVID.
In this case, the switch removes the tag and sends a packet.
The gateway only accepts packets that have a VLAN ID identical to one of its interfaces (control,
media or OAM). Packets with a VLAN ID that is 0 or packets without a tag are accepted only if the
gateway’s native VLAN ID is identical to the VLAN ID of one of its interfaces. In this case, the
packets are sent to the relevant interface. All other packets are rejected.
9.6.3
Getting Started with VLANS and Multiple IPs
By default the MediaPack operates without VLANs and multiple IPs, using a single IP address,
subnet mask and default gateway IP address. This section provides an example of the
configuration required to integrate the MediaPack into a VLAN and multiple IPs network using the
Embedded Web Server (refer to Section 9.6.3.1 below) and ini file (refer to Section 9.6.3.2 on
page 200). Table 9-2 below shows an example configuration that is implemented in the following
sections.
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Table 9-2: Example of VLAN and Multiple IPs Configuration
Network
Type
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Default
Gateway IP
Address
VLAN ID
External
Routing Rule
OAM
10.31.174.50
255.255.0.0
0.0.0.0
4
83.4.87.X
Control
10.32.174.50
255.255.0.0
0.0.0.0
5
130.33.4.6
Media
10.33.174.50
255.255.0.0
10.33.0.1
6
--
Note that since a default gateway is available only for the Media network, for the MediaPack to be
able to communicate with an external device / network on its OAM and Control networks, IP
routing rules must be used.
The values provided in Sections 9.6.3.1 and 9.6.3.2 are sample parameter
values only and are to be replaced with actual values appropriate to your
system.
Note:
9.6.3.1
Integrating Using the Embedded Web Server
¾ To integrate the MediaPack into a VLAN and multiple IPs network using
the Embedded Web Server, take these 7 steps:
1.
Access the Embedded Web Server (Section 5.3 on page 48).
2.
Use the Software Upgrade Wizard (Section 5.8.1 on page 155) to load and burn the firmware
version to the MediaPack (VLANs and multiple IPs support is available only when the
firmware is burned to flash).
3.
Configure the VLAN parameters by completing the following steps:
¾
Open the ‘VLAN Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network Settings
> VLAN Settings option); the ‘VLAN Settings’ screen is displayed.
¾
Modify the VLAN parameters to correspond to the values shown in Figure 9-2 below.
Figure 9-2: Example of the VLAN Settings Screen
¾
4.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
Configure the multiple IP parameters by completing the following steps:
¾
Open the ‘IP Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network Settings >
IP Settings option); the ‘IP Settings’ screen is displayed.
¾
Modify the IP parameters to correspond to the values shown in Figure 9-3 below. Note
that the OAM, Control and Media Network Settings parameters appear only after you
select the option ‘Multiple IP Networks’ in the field ‘IP Networking Mode’.
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Configure the OAM parameters only if the OAM networking parameters are
different from the networking parameters used in the Single IP Network
mode.
Figure 9-3: Example of the IP Settings Screen
¾
5.
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
Configure the IP Routing table by completing the following steps (the IP Routing table is
required to define static routing rules for the OAM and Control networks since a default
gateway isn’t supported for these networks):
¾
Open the ‘IP Routing Table’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network
Settings > IP Routing Table option); the ‘IP Routing Table’ screen is displayed.
Figure 9-4: Example of the IP Routing Table Screen
¾
Use the ‘Add a new table entry’ pane to add the routing rules shown in Table 9-3 below.
Table 9-3: Example of IP Routing Table Configuration
Destination IP
Address
Destination Mask
Gateway IP
Address
Hop Count
Network Type
130.33.4.6
255.255.255.255
10.32.0.1
20
Control
83.4.87.6
255.255.255.0
10.31.0.1
20
OAM
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¾
9.6.3.2
Click the Submit button to save your changes.
6.
Save your changes to flash so they are available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on
page 161.
7.
Reset the gateway. Click the Reset button on the main menu bar; the Reset screen is
displayed. Click the button Reset.
Integrating Using the ini File
¾ To integrate the MediaPack into a VLAN and multiple IPs network using
the ini file, take these 3 steps:
1.
Prepare an ini file with parameters shown in Figure 6-1 (refer to the following notes):
¾
If the BootP/TFTP utility and the OAM interface are located in the same network, the
Native VLAN ID (VlanNativeVlanId) must be equal to the OAM VLAN ID
(VlanOamVlanId), which in turn must be equal to the PVID of the switch port the gateway
is connected to. Therefore, set the PVID of the switch port to 4 (in this example).
¾
Configure the OAM parameters (LocalOAMPAddress, LocalOAMSubnetMask and
LocalOAMDefaultGW) only if the OAM networking parameters are different from the
networking parameters used in the Single IP Network mode.
¾
The IP Routing table is required to define static routing rules for the OAM and Control
networks since a default gateway isn’t supported for these networks.
Figure 9-5: Example of VLAN and Multiple IPs ini File Parameters
; VLAN Configuration
VlanMode=1
VlanOamVlanId=4
VlanNativeVlanId=4
VlanControlVlanId=5
VlanMediaVlanID=6
; Multiple IPs Configuration
EnableMultipleIPs=1
LocalMediaIPAddress=10.33.174.50
LocalMediaSubnetMask=255.255.0.0
LocalMediaDefaultGW=10.33.0.1
LocalControlIPAddress=10.32.174.50
LocalControlSubnetMask=255.255.0.0
LocalControlDefaultGW=0.0.0.0
LocalOAMPAddress=10.31.174.50
LocalOAMSubnetMask=255.255.0.0
LocalOAMDefaultGW=0.0.0.0
; IP Routing table parameters
RoutingTableDestinationsColumn = 130.33.4.6, 83.4.87.6
RoutingTableDestinationMasksColumn = 255.255.255.255 , 255.255.255.0
RoutingTableGatewaysColumn = 10.32.0.1 , 10.31.0.1
RoutingTableInterfacesColumn = 1 , 0
RoutingTableHopsCountColumn = 20,20
2.
Use the BootP/TFTP utility (Section B.6 on page 258) to load and burn (-fb option) the
firmware version and the ini file you prepared in the previous step to the MediaPack (VLANs
and multiple IPs support is available only when the firmware is burned to flash).
3.
Reset the MediaPack after disabling it on the BootP/TFTP utility.
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10. Advanced System Capabilities
Advanced System Capabilities
10.1 Restoring Networking Parameters to their Initial
State
You can use the ‘Reset’ button to restore the MediaPack networking parameters to their factory
default values (described in Table 4-1) and to reset the username and password.
Note that the MediaPack returns to the software version burned in flash. This process also
restores the MediaPack parameters to their factory settings. Therefore, you must load your
previously backed-up ini file, or the default ini file (received with the software kit) to set them to
their correct values.
¾ To restore the networking parameters of the MP-1xx to their initial state,
take these 6 steps:
1.
Disconnect the MP-1xx from the power and network cables.
2.
Reconnect the power cable; the gateway is powered up. After approximately 45 seconds the
Ready LED turns to green and the Control LED blinks for about 3 seconds.
3.
While the Control LED is blinking, press shortly on the reset button (located on the left side
of the front panel); the gateway resets a second time and is restored with factory default
parameters (username: ‘Admin’, password: ‘Admin’).
4.
Reconnect the network cable.
5.
Assign the MP-1xx IP address (refer to Section 4.1 on page 43).
6.
Load your previously backed-up ini file, or the default ini file (received with the software kit).
To load the ini file via the Embedded Web Server, refer to Section 5.6.3 on page 144.
¾ To restore the networking parameters of the MP-11x to their initial state,
take these 4 steps:
1.
Press in the ‘Reset’ button uninterruptedly for a duration of more than six seconds; the
gateway is restored to its factory settings (username: ‘Admin’, password: ‘Admin’).
2.
Assign the MP-11x IP address (refer to Section 4.1 on page 43).
3.
Load your previously backed-up ini file, or the default ini file (received with the software kit).
To load the ini file via the Embedded Web Server, refer to the MP-11x User’s Manual.
4.
Press again on the ‘Reset’ button (this time for a short period).
10.2 Establishing a Serial Communications Link with
the MediaPack
Use serial communication software (e.g., HyperTerminalTM) to establish a serial communications
link with the MediaPack via the RS-232 connection. You can use this link to access the CLI
(Section 14 on page 223) and to receive error / notification messages.
¾ To establish a serial communications link with the MediaPack via the
RS-232 port, take these 2 steps:
1.
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For the MP-11x, refer to Section 3.2.5.1 on page 41).
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2.
Use a serial communication software (e.g., HyperTerminalTM) with the following
communications port settings:
¾
Baud Rate:
115,200 bps (MP-1xx), 9,600 bps (MP-11x)
¾
Data bits:
8
¾
Parity:
None
¾
Stop bits:
1
¾
Flow control:
Hardware
Note that after resetting the gateway, the information, shown in Figure 11-1 below, appears on
the terminal screen. This information can be used to determine possible MediaPack initialization
problems, such as incorrectly defined (or undefined) local IP address, subnet mask, etc.
Figure 10-1: RS-232 Status and Error Messages
MAC address = 00-90-8F-01-00-9E
Local IP address = 10.1.37.6
Subnet mask = 255.255.0.0
Default gateway IP address = 10.1.1.5
TFTP server IP address = 10.1.1.167
Boot file name = ram35136.cmp
INI file name = mp108.ini
Call agent IP address = 10.1.1.18
Log server IP address = 0.0.0.0
Full/Half Duplex state = HALF DUPLEX
Flash Software Burning state = OFF
Serial Debug Mode = OFF
Lan Debug Mode = OFF
BootLoad Version 1.75
Starting TFTP download... Done.
MP108 Version 3.80.00
10.3 Automatic Update Mechanism
The MediaPack is capable of automatically updating its cmp, ini and configuration files. These
files can be stored on any standard Web server/s and can be loaded periodically to the gateway
via TFTP (only for cmp and ini files), HTTP or HTTPS (MP-11x only). This mechanism can be
used even for Customer Premise(s) Equipment (CPE) devices that are installed behind NAT and
firewalls.
The Automatic Update mechanism is applied separately to each file. For the detailed list of
available files and their corresponding parameters, refer to Table 5-38 on page 132.
Note:
The Automatic Update mechanism assumes the external Web server
conforms to the HTTP standard. If the Web server ignores the If-ModifiedSince header, or doesn’t provide the current date and time during the HTTP
200 OK response, the gateway may reset itself repeatedly. To overcome this
problem, adjust the update frequency (AutoUpdateFrequency).
Three methods are used to activate the Automatic Update mechanism:
•
After the MediaPack starts-up (refer to the Startup process described in Figure 10-3).
•
At a configurable time of the day (e.g., 18:00). This option is disabled by default.
•
At fixed intervals (e.g., every 60 minutes). This option is disabled by default.
The following ini file example can be used to activate the Automatic Update mechanism.
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Figure 10-2: Example of an ini File Activating the Automatic Update Mechanism
# DNS is required for specifying domain names in URLs
DnsPriServerIP = 10.1.1.11
# Load an extra configuration ini file using HTTP
IniFileURL = 'http://webserver.corp.com/AudioCodes/inifile.ini'
# Load Call Progress Tones file using HTTPS
# Note: HTTPS is not available on the MP-1xx
CptFileUrl = 'https://10.31.2.17/usa_tones.dat'
# Load Voice Prompts file using HTTPS with user ‘root’ and password ‘wheel’
VPFileUrl = 'https://root:wheel@webserver.corp.com/vp.dat'
# Update every day at 03:00 AM
AutoUpdatePredefinedTime = '03:00'
# Note: The cmp file isn’t updated since it is disabled by default (AutoUpdateCmpFile).
Refer to the following notes:
•
When TFTP is used, the files are immediately loaded. When HTTP or HTTPS are used, the
gateway contacts the Web server/s and queries for the requested files. The ini file is loaded
only if it was modified since the last automatic update. The cmp file is loaded only if its
version is different from the version stored on the gateway’s non-volatile memory. All other
auxiliary files (e.g., CPT) are updated only once. To update a previously-loaded auxiliary file,
you must update the parameter containing its URL.
•
To load different configurations (ini files) for specific gateways, add the string ‘<MAC>’ to the
URL. This mnemonic is replaced with the MediaPack hardware MAC address. Resulting in
an ini file name request that contains the gateway’s MAC address.
•
To automatically update the cmp file, use the parameter ‘CmpFileURL’ to specify its name
and location. As a precaution (in order to protect the MediaPack from an accidental update)
the Automatic Update mechanism doesn’t apply to the cmp file by default. Therefore, (to
enable it) set the parameter ‘AutoUpdateCmpFile’ to 1.
The following example illustrates how to utilize Automatic Updates for deploying devices with
minimum manual configuration.
¾ To utilize Automatic Updates for deploying the MediaPack with
minimum manual configuration, take these 3 steps:
1.
Set up a Web server (in the following example it is http://www.corp.com/) where all
configuration files are to be stored.
2.
To each device, pre-configure the following parameter (DHCP / DNS are assumed):
IniFileURL = 'http://www.corp.com/master_configuration.ini'
3.
Create a file named master_configuration.ini, with the following text:
# Common configuration for all devices
# -----------------------------------CptFileURL = 'http://www.corp.com/call_progress.dat'
# Check for updates every 60 minutes
AutoUpdateFrequency = 60
# Additional configuration per device
# ----------------------------------# Each device loads a file named after its MAC address,
# (e.g., config_00908F033512.ini)
IniFileTemplateURL = 'http://www.corp.com/config_<MAC>.ini'
# Reset the device after configuration is updated.
# The device resets after all of the files are processed.
ResetNow = 1
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You can modify the master_configuration.ini file (or any of the config_<MAC>.ini files) at any time.
The MediaPack queries for the latest version every 60 minutes and applies the new settings
immediately.
10.4 Startup Process
The startup process (illustrated in Figure 10-3 on page 205) begins when the gateway is reset
(physically or from the Web / SNMP) and ends when the operational software is running. In the
startup process, the network parameters, software and configuration files are obtained.
After the gateway powers up or after it is physically reset, it broadcasts a BootRequest message
to the network. If it receives a reply (from a BootP server), it changes its network parameters (IP
address, subnet mask and default gateway address) to the values provided. If there is no reply
from a BootP server and if DHCP is enabled (DHCPEnable = 1), the gateway initiates a standard
DHCP procedure to configure its network parameters.
After changing the network parameters, the gateway attempts to load the cmp and various
configuration files from the TFTP server’s IP address, received from the BootP/DHCP servers. If
a TFTP server’s IP address isn’t received, the gateway attempts to load the software (cmp) file
and / or configuration files from a preconfigured TFTP server (refer to Section 10.3 on page 202).
Thus, the gateway can obtain its network parameters from BootP or DHCP servers and its
software and configuration files from a different TFTP server (preconfigured in ini file).
If BootP/DHCP servers are not found or when the gateway is reset from the Web / SNMP, it
retains its network parameters and attempts to load the software (cmp) file and / or configuration
files from a preconfigured TFTP server.
If a preconfigured TFTP server doesn’t exist, the gateway operates using the existing software
and configuration files loaded on its non-volatile memory.
Note that after the operational software runs, if DHCP is configured, the gateway attempts to
renew its lease with the DHCP server.
Note 1:
Though DHCP and BootP servers are very similar in operation, the DHCP
server includes some differences that could prevent its operation with BootP
clients. However, many DHCP servers, such as Windows™ NT DHCP
server, are backward-compatible with BootP protocol and can be used for
gateway configuration.
Note 2:
The time duration between BootP/DHCP requests is set to 1 second by
default. This can be changed by the BootPDelay ini file parameter. Also, the
number of requests is 3 by default and can be changed by BootPRetries ini
file parameter (both parameters can also be set using the BootP command
line switches).
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Figure 10-3: MediaPack Startup Process
Reset from the Web
Interface or SNMP
Physical Reset
BootP
x times
No
Response
BootP Response
DHCP
x times
No
Response
DHCP Response
Update network
parameters from
BootP/DHCP reply
BootP/DHCP
reply contains firmware
file name?
No
Yes
Download
firmware via
TFTP
BootP/DHCP
reply contains ini file
name?
BootP/DHCP
reply contains ini file
name?
No
Preconfigured firmware
URL?
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Download
firmware via
TFTP
Device
reset
No
Preconfigured ini file
URL?
Yes
Download
configuration
files via TFTP
No
Run operational software
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10.5 Customizing the MediaPack Web Interface
Customers incorporating the MediaPack into their portfolios can customize the Web Interface to
suit their specific corporate logo and product naming conventions.
Customers can customize the Web Interface’s title bar (AudioCodes’ title bar is shown in Figure
10-4; a customized title bar is shown in Figure 10-6).
Figure 10-4: User-Customizable Web Interface Title Bar
Corporate logo can be OEMcustomized
Background image can be
OEM-customized
Product name can be
OEM-customized
Figure 10-5: Customized Web Interface Title Bar
¾ To customize the title bar via the Web Interface, take these 3 steps:
1.
Replace the main corporate logo (refer to Section 10.5.1 below).
2.
Replace the title bar’s background image file (refer to Section 10.5.2 on page 208).
3.
Customize the product’s name (refer to Section 10.5.3 on page 209).
10.5.1 Replacing the Main Corporate Logo
The main corporate logo can be replaced either with a different logo image file (refer to Section
10.5.1.1 below) or with a text string (refer to Section 10.5.1.2 on page 208). Note that when the
main corporation logo is replaced, AudioCodes’ logo on the left bar (refer to Figure 5-2) and in the
Software Upgrade Wizard (Section 5.8.1 on page 155) disappear.
Also note that the browser’s title bar is automatically updated with the string assigned to the
WebLogoText parameter when AudioCodes’ default logo is not used.
10.5.1.1 Replacing the Main Corporate Logo with an Image File
Note:
Use a gif, jpg or jpeg file for the logo image. It is important that the image file
has a fixed height of 59 pixels (the width can be configured). The size of the
image files (logo and background) is limited each to 64 kbytes.
¾ To replace the default logo with your own corporate image via the Web
Interface, take these 7 steps:
1.
Access the MediaPack Embedded Web Server (refer to Section 5.3 on page 48).
2.
In the URL field, append the suffix ‘AdminPage’ (note that it’s case-sensitive) to the IP
address, e.g., http://10.1.229.17/AdminPage.
3.
Click Image Load to Device; the Image Download screen is displayed (shown in Figure
10-6).
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Figure 10-6: Image Download Screen
4.
Click the Browse button in the Send Logo Image File from your computer to the device
box. Navigate to the folder that contains the logo image file you want to load.
5.
Click the Send File button; the file is sent to the device. When loading is complete, the
screen is automatically refreshed and the new logo image is displayed.
5.
Note the appearance of the logo. If you want to modify the width of the logo (the default
width is 339 pixels), in the Logo Width field, enter the new width (in pixels) and press the
Set Logo Width button.
6.
To save the image to flash memory so it is available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on
page 161.
The new logo appears on all Web Interface screens.
Tip:
If you encounter any problem during the loading of the files, or you want to
restore the default images, click the Restore Default Images button.
¾ To replace the default logo with your own corporate image via the ini
file, take these 2 steps:
1.
Place your corporate logo image file in the same folder as where the device’s ini file is
located (i.e., the same location defined in the BootP/TFTP configuration utility). For detailed
information on the BootP/TFTP, refer to Appendix B on page 257.
2.
Add/modify the two ini file parameters in Table 10-1 according to the procedure described in
Section 6.2 on page 163.
Note that loading the device’s ini file via the ‘Configuration File’ screen in the Web Interface
doesn’t load the corporate logo image files as well.
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Table 10-1: Customizable Logo ini File Parameters
Parameter
Description
LogoFileName
The name of the image file containing your corporate logo.
Use a gif, jpg or jpeg image file.
The default is AudioCodes’ logo file.
Note: The length of the name of the image file is limited to 47 characters.
LogoWidth
Width (in pixels) of the logo image.
Note: The optimal setting depends on the resolution settings.
The default value is 339, which is the width of AudioCodes’ displayed logo.
10.5.1.2 Replacing the Main Corporate Logo with a Text String
The main corporate logo can be replaced with a text string.
•
To replace AudioCodes’ default logo with a text string via the Web Interface, modify the two
ini file parameters in Table 10-2 according to the procedure described in Section 10.5.4 on
page 210.
•
To replace AudioCodes’ default logo with a text string via the ini file, add/modify the two ini
file parameters in Table 10-2 according to the procedure described in Section 6.2 on page
163.
Table 10-2: Web Appearance Customizable ini File Parameters
Parameter
Description
UseWebLogo
0 = Logo image is used (default).
1 = Text string is used instead of a logo image.
WebLogoText
Text string that replaces the logo image.
The string can be up to 15 characters.
10.5.2 Replacing the Background Image File
The background image file is duplicated across the width of the screen. The number of times the
image is duplicated depends on the width of the background image and screen resolution. When
choosing your background image, keep this in mind.
Note:
Use a gif, jpg or jpeg file for the background image. It is important that the
image file has a fixed height of 59 pixels. The size of the image files (logo
and background) is limited each to 64 kbytes.
¾ To replace the background image via the Web, take these 6 steps:
1.
Access the MediaPack Embedded Web Server (refer to Section 5.3 on page 48).
2.
In the URL field, append the suffix ‘AdminPage’ (note that it’s case-sensitive) to the IP
address, e.g., http://10.1.229.17/AdminPage.
3.
Click the Image Load to Device, the Image load screen is displayed (shown in Figure 10-6).
4.
Click the Browse button in the Send Background Image File from your computer to
gateway box. Navigate to the folder that contains the background image file you want to
load.
5.
Click the Send File button; the file is sent to the device. When loading is complete, the
screen is automatically refreshed and the new background image is displayed.
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10. Advanced System Capabilities
To save the image to flash memory so it is available after a power fail, refer to Section 5.9 on
page 161.
The new background appears on all Web Interface screens.
Tip 1:
If you encounter any problem during the loading of the files, or you want to
restore the default images, click the Restore Default Images button.
Tip 2:
When replacing both the background image and the logo image, first load
the logo image followed by the background image.
¾ To replace the background image via the ini file, take these 2 steps:
1.
Place your background image file in the same folder as where the device’s ini file is located
(i.e., the same location defined in the BootP/TFTP configuration utility). For detailed
information on the BootP/TFTP, refer to Appendix B on page 257.
2.
Add/modify the ini file parameters in Table 10-3 according to the procedure described in
Section 6.2 on page 163.
Note that loading the device’s ini file via the ‘Configuration File’ screen in the Web Interface
doesn’t load the logo image file as well.
Table 10-3: Customizable Logo ini File Parameters
Parameter
Description
BkgImageFileName
The name (and path) of the file containing the new background.
Use a gif, jpg or jpeg image file.
The default is AudioCodes background file.
Note: The length of the name of the image file is limited to 47 characters.
10.5.3 Customizing the Product Name
The Product Name text string can be modified according to OEMs specific requirements.
•
To replace AudioCodes’ default product name with a text string via the Web Interface, modify
the two ini file parameters in Table 10-4 according to the procedure described in Section
10.5.4 on page 210.
•
To replace AudioCodes’ default product name with a text string via the ini file, add/modify the
two ini file parameters in Table 10-4 according to the procedure described in Section 6.2 on
page 163.
Table 10-4: Web Appearance Customizable ini File Parameters
Parameter
Description
UseProductName
0 = Don’t change the product name (default).
1 = Enable product name change.
UserProductName
Text string that replaces the product name.
The default is ‘MediaPack’.
The string can be up to 29 characters.
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10.5.4 Modifying ini File Parameters via the Web AdminPage
¾ To modify ini file parameters via the AdminPage, take these 6 steps:
1.
Access the MediaPack Embedded Web Server (refer to Section 5.3 on page 48).
2.
In the URL field, append the suffix ‘AdminPage’ (note that it’s case-sensitive) to the IP
address, e.g., http://10.1.229.17/AdminPage.
3.
Click the INI Parameters option, the INI Parameters screen is displayed (shown in Figure
10-7).
Figure 10-7: INI Parameters Screen
4.
In the Parameter Name dropdown list, select the required ini file parameter.
5.
In the Enter Value field to the right, enter the parameter’s new value.
6.
Click the Apply new value button to the right; the INI Parameters screen is refreshed, the
parameter name with the new value appears in the fields at the top of the screen and the
Output Window displays a log displaying information on the operation.
Note:
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device by choosing a file name parameter in this screen.
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11. Special Applications
Special Applications
11.1 Metering Tones Relay
The MediaPack FXS and FXO gateways can be used to relay standard 12 or 16 kHz metering
tones over the IP network as illustrated in Figure 11-1 below.
Figure 11-1: Metering Tone Relay Architecture
After a call is established between the FXS and FXO gateways, the PSTN generates 12 or 16
kHz metering tones towards the FXO gateway. The FXO gateway detects these pulses and
relays them, over IP, to the FXS gateway using a proprietary INFO messages (shown in Figure
11-2). The FXS gateway generates the same pulses to the connected phone.
The parameter ‘MeteringType’ (described in Table 5-27) is used to determine the frequency of the
metering tone (12 kHz (default) or 16 kHz). In addition, the correct (12 or 16 kHz) coefficient file
must be used for both FXS and FXO gateways.
To enable this feature configure ‘SendMetering2IP = 1’.
The proprietary INFO message used to relay the metering tone pulse contains a ‘Content-Type:
message/Metering’:
Figure 11-2: Proprietary INFO Message for Relaying Metering Tones
INFO sip:108@10.13.83.1 SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 10.13.83.2;branch=z9hG4bKacEizRjAa
Max-Forwards: 70
From: "aviad" <sip:201@10.13.83.2>;tag=1c1638621413
To: <sip:108@10.13.83.1;user=phone>;tag=1c1412617336
Call-ID: 2031013892fcCd@10.13.83.2
CSeq: 3 INFO
Contact: <sip:201@10.13.83.2>
Supported: em,timer,replaces,path
Allow: REGISTER,OPTIONS,INVITE,ACK,CANCEL,BYE,NOTIFY,PRACK,REFER,INFO,SUBSCRIBE,UPDATE
User-Agent: Audiocodes-Sip-Gateway-MP-104 FXS/v.4.40.0.18700
Content-Type: message/Metering
Content-Length: 0
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12. Security (MP-11x Only)
Security (MP-11x Only)
This section describes the security mechanisms and protocols implemented on the MP-11x. The
following list specifies the available security protocols and their objectives:
•
SSL (Secure Socket Layer) / TLS (Transport Layer Security) – The SSL / TLS protocols are
used to provide privacy and data integrity between two communicating applications over
TCP/IP. They are used to secure the following applications: SIP Signaling (SIPS), Web
access (HTTPS) and Telnet access (refer to Section 12.1 below).
•
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) - RADIUS server is used to enable
multiple-user management on a centralized platform (refer to Section 12.2 on page 217).
12.1 SSL/TLS (MP-11x Only)
SSL, also known as TLS, is the method used to secure the MP-11x SIP Signaling connections,
Embedded Web Server and Telnet server. The SSL protocol provides confidentiality, integrity and
authenticity between two communicating applications over TCP/IP.
Specifications for the SSL/TLS implementation:
•
Supports transports: SSL 2.0, SSL 3.0, TLS 1.0
•
Supports ciphers:
DES, RC4 compatible
•
Authentication:
X.509 certificates; CRLs are not supported
12.1.1 SIP Over TLS (SIPS)
The MP-11x uses TLS over TCP to encrypt SIP transport and (optionally) to authenticate it. To
enable TLS on the MP-11x, set the selected transport type to TLS (SIPTransportType = 2). In this
mode the gateway initiates a TLS connection only for the next network hop. To enable TLS all the
way to the destination (over multiple hops) set EnableSIPS to 1. When a TLS connection with the
gateway is initiated, the gateway also responds using TLS regardless of the configured SIP
transport type (in this case, the parameter EnableSIPS is also ignored).
TLS and SIPS use the Certificate Exchange process described in Sections 12.1.4 and 12.1.5. To
change the port number used for SIPS transport (by default 5061), use the parameter,
TLSLocalSIPPort.
When SIPS is used, it is sometimes required to use two-way authentication. When acting as the
TLS server (in a specific connection) it is possible to demand the authentication of the client’s
certificate. To enable two-way authentication on the MP-11x, set the ini file parameter,
SIPSRequireClientCertificate = 1. For information on installing a client certificate, refer to Section
12.1.5 on page 216.
12.1.2 Embedded Web Server Configuration
For additional security, you can configure the Embedded Web Server to accept only secured
(HTTPS) connections by changing the parameter HTTPSOnly to 1 (described in Table 5-36 on
page 127).
You can also change the port number used for the secured Web server (by default 443) by
changing the ini file parameter, HTTPSPort (described in Table 5-37 on page 128).
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12.1.2.1 Using the Secured Embedded Web Server
¾ To use the secured Embedded Web Server, take these 3 Steps:
1.
Access the MP-11x using the following URL:
https://[host name] or [IP address]
Depending on the browser's configuration, a security warning dialog may be displayed. The
reason for the warning is that the MP-11x initial certificate is not trusted by your PC. The
browser may allow you to install the certificate, thus skipping the warning dialog the next
time you connect to the MP-11x.
2.
If you are using Internet Explorer, click View Certificate and then Install Certificate.
3.
The browser also warns you if the host name used in the URL is not identical to the one
listed in the certificate. To solve this, add the IP address and host name (ACL_nnnnnn where
nnnnnn is the serial number of the MP-11x) to your hosts file, located at /etc/hosts on UNIX
or C:\Windows\System32\Drivers\ETC\hosts on Windows; then use the host name in the
URL (e.g., https://ACL_280152).The figure below is an example of a host file:
Figure 12-1: Example of a Host File
# This is a sample HOSTS file used by Microsoft TCP/IP for Windows.
# Location: C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\DRIVERS\ETC\hosts
#
127.0.0.1
localhost
10.31.4.47
ACL_280152
12.1.3 Secured Telnet
To enable the embedded Telnet server on the MP-11x, set the parameter TelnetServerEnable
(described in Table 5-29 on page 117) to 1 (standard mode) or 2 (SSL mode); no information is
transmitted in the clear when SSL mode is used.
If the Telnet server is set to SSL mode, a special Telnet client is required on your PC to connect
to the Telnet interface over a secured connection; examples include C-Kermit for UNIX, Kermit-95
for Windows, and AudioCodes' acSSLTelnet utility for Windows (that requires prior installation of
the free OpenSSL toolkit). Contact AudioCodes to obtain the acSSLTelnet utility.
12.1.4 Server Certificate Replacement
The MP-11x is supplied with a working SSL configuration consisting of a unique self-signed
server certificate. When the MP-11x is upgraded to firmware version 4.6, a unique self-signed
server certificate is created. If an organizational Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) is used, you may
wish to replace this certificate with one provided by your security administrator.
¾ To replace the MP-11x self-signed certificate, take these 9 steps:
1.
Your network administrator should allocate a unique DNS name for the MP-11x (e.g.,
dns_name.corp.customer.com). This name is used to access the device, and should
therefore be listed in the server certificate.
2.
Access the following URL (case-sensitive):
https://dns_name.corp.customer.com/SSLCertificateSR.
Note that you should use the DNS name provided by your network administrator. The
Certificate Signing Request screen is displayed (Figure 12-2).
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12. Security (MP-11x Only)
Figure 12-2: Certificate Signing Request Screen
3.
In the Subject Name field, enter the DNS name and click Generate CSR. A textual certificate
signing request, that contains the SSL device identifier, is displayed.
4.
Copy this text and send it to your security provider; the security provider (also known as
Certification Authority or CA) signs this request and send you a server certificate for the
device.
5.
Save the certificate in a file (e.g., cert.txt). Ensure the file is a plain-text file with the ‘BEGIN
CERTIFICATE’ header. The figure below is an example of a Base64-Encoded X.509
Certificate.
Figure 12-3: Example of a Base64-Encoded X.509 Certificate
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----MIIDkzCCAnugAwIBAgIEAgAAADANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQQFADA/MQswCQYDVQQGEwJG
UjETMBEGA1UEChMKQ2VydGlwb3N0ZTEbMBkGA1UEAxMSQ2VydGlwb3N0ZSBTZXJ2
ZXVyMB4XDTk4MDYyNDA4MDAwMFoXDTE4MDYyNDA4MDAwMFowPzELMAkGA1UEBhMC
RlIxEzARBgNVBAoTCkNlcnRpcG9zdGUxGzAZBgNVBAMTEkNlcnRpcG9zdGUgU2Vy
dmV1cjCCASEwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQADggEOADCCAQkCggEAPqd4MziR4spWldGR
x8bQrhZkonWnNm`+Yhb7+4Q67ecf1janH7GcN/SXsfx7jJpreWULf7v7Cvpr4R7qI
JcmdHIntmf7JPM5n6cDBv17uSW63er7NkVnMFHwK1QaGFLMybFkzaeGrvFm4k3lR
efiXDmuOe+FhJgHYezYHf44LvPRPwhSrzi9+Aq3o8pWDguJuZDIUP1F1jMa+LPwv
REXfFcUW+w==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
6.
Before continuing, set the parameter HTTPSOnly = 0 to ensure you have a method of
accessing the device in case the new certificate doesn’t work. Restore the previous setting
after testing the configuration.
7.
In the SSLCertificateSR screen (Figure 12-2) locate the server certificate loading section.
8.
Click Browse and navigate to the cert.txt file, click Send File.
9.
When the operation is completed, save the configuration (Section 5.9 on page 161) and
restart the MP-11x; the Embedded Web Server uses the provided certificate.
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Note 1:
The certificate replacement process can be repeated when necessary (e.g.,
the new certificate expires).
Note 2:
It is possible to use the IP address of the MP-11x (e.g., 10.3.3.1) instead of a
qualified DNS name in the Subject Name. This practice is not recommended
since the IP address is subject to changes and may not uniquely identify the
device.
Note 3:
The server certificate can also be loaded via ini file using the parameter
‘HTTPSCertFileName’.
12.1.5 Client Certificates
By default, Web servers using SSL provide one-way authentication. The client is certain that the
information provided by the Web server is authentic. When an organizational PKI is used, twoway authentication may be desired: both client and server should be authenticated using X.509
certificates. This is achieved by installing a client certificate on the managing PC, and loading the
same certificate (in base64-encoded X.509 format) to the MP-11x Trusted Root Certificate Store.
The Trusted Root Certificate file should contain both the certificate of the authorized user and the
certificate of the CA.
Since X.509 certificates have an expiration date and time, the MP-11x must be configured to use
NTP (Section 9.5 on page 194) to obtain the current date and time. Without a correct date and
time, client certificates cannot work.
¾ To install a client certificate, take these 6 steps:
1.
Before continuing, set HTTPSOnly = 0 to ensure you have a method of accessing the device
in case the client certificate doesn’t work. Restore the previous setting after testing the
configuration.
2.
Access the following URL (case-sensitive):
https:// [host name] or [IP address]/SSLCertificateSR; the Certificate Signing Request screen
is displayed (Figure 12-2).
3.
To load the Trusted Root Certificate file locate the trusted root certificate loading section.
4.
Click Browse and navigate to the file, click Send File.
5.
When the operation is completed, set the ini file parameter, HTTPSRequireClientCertificates
= 1.
6.
Save the configuration (Section 5.9 on page 161) and restart the MP-11x.
When a user connects to the secure Web server:
•
If the user has a client certificate from a CA listed in the Trusted Root Certificate file, the
connection is accepted and the user is prompted for the system password.
•
If both the CA certificate and the client certificate appear in the Trusted Root Certificate file,
the user is not prompted for a password (thus providing a single-sign-on experience - the
authentication is performed using the X.509 digital signature).
•
If the user doesn’t have a client certificate from a listed CA, or doesn’t have a client
certificate at all, the connection is rejected.
Note 1:
The process of installing a client certificate on your PC is beyond the scope
of this document. For more information, refer to your Web browser or
operating system documentation, and/or consult your security administrator.
Note 2:
The root certificate can also be loaded via ini file using the parameter
‘HTTPSRootFileName’.
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12. Security (MP-11x Only)
12.2 RADIUS Login Authentication (MP-11x Only)
Users can enhance the security and capabilities of logging to the gateway’s Web and Telnet
embedded servers by using a Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) to store
numerous usernames and passwords, allowing multiple user management on a centralized
platform. RADIUS (RFC 2865) is a standard authentication protocol that defines a method for
contacting a predefined server and verifying a given name and password pair against a remote
database, in a secure manner.
When accessing the Web and Telnet servers, users must provide a valid username and
password. When RADIUS authentication isn’t used, the username and password are
authenticated with the Embedded Web Server’s Administrator or Monitoring usernames and
passwords (refer to Section 5.2.1 on page 47) or with the Telnet server’s username and
password stored internally in the gateway’s memory. When RADIUS authentication is used, the
gateway doesn’t store the username and password but simply forwards them to the preconfigured RADIUS server for authentication (acceptance or rejection). The internal Web / Telnet
passwords are used as a fallback mechanism in case the RADIUS server is down. Note that
when RADIUS authentication is performed, the Web / Telnet servers are blocked until a response
is received (with a timeout of 5 seconds).
RADIUS authentication requires HTTP basic authentication, meaning the username and
password are transmitted in clear text over the network. Therefore, users are recommended to
set the parameter ‘HttpsOnly = 1’ to force the use of HTTPS, since the transport is encrypted.
12.2.1 Setting Up a RADIUS Server
A free RADIUS server FreeRADIUS can be downloaded from www.freeradius.org. Follow the
directions on that site for information on installing and configuring the server. If you use a
RADIUS server from a different vendor, refer to its appropriate documentation.
¾ To set up a RADIUS server, take these 4 steps:
1.
Define the MP-11x as an authorized client of the RADIUS server, with a predefined ‘shared
secret’ (a password used to secure communication). The figure below displays an example
of the file clients.conf (FreeRADIUS client configuration).
Figure 12-4: Example of the File clients.conf (FreeRADIUS Client Configuration)
#
# clients.conf - client configuration directives
#
client 10.31.4.47 {
secret
= FutureRADIUS
shortname
= tp1610_master_tpm
}
2.
In the RADIUS server, define the list of users authorized to use the MP-11x, using one of the
password authentication methods supported by the server implementation. The following
example shows a user configuration file for FreeRADIUS using a plain-text password.
Figure 12-5: Example of a User Configuration File for FreeRADIUS Using a Plain-Text Password
# users - local user configuration database
Version 4.6
john
Auth-Type := Local, User-Password == "qwerty"
Service-Type = Login-User
larry
Auth-Type := Local, User-Password == "123456"
Service-Type = Login-User
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3.
Record and retain the IP address, port number and ’shared secret’ used by the RADIUS
server.
4.
Configure the MP-11x relevant parameters according to Section 12.2.2 below.
12.2.2 Configuring RADIUS Support
For information on the RADIUS parameters, refer to Table 5-36 on page 127.
¾ To configure RADIUS support on the MP-11x via the Embedded Web
Server, take these 8 steps:
1.
Access the Embedded Web Server (refer to Section 5.3 on page 48).
2.
Open the ‘Security Settings’ screen (Advanced Configuration menu > Network Settings >
Security Settings option); the ‘Security Settings’ screen is displayed.
3.
Under section ‘RADIUS Settings’, in the field ‘Enable RADIUS Access Control’, select
‘Enable’; the RADIUS application is enabled.
4.
In the field ‘Use RADIUS for Web / Telnet Login’, select ‘Enable’; RADIUS authentication is
enabled for Web and Telnet login.
5.
Enter the RADIUS server IP address, port number and shared secret in the relevant fields.
6.
In the field ‘Require Secured Web Connection (HTTPS)’, select ‘HTTPS only’.
It is important you use HTTPS (secure Web server) when connecting to the gateway over an
open network, since the password is transmitted in clear text. Similarly, for Telnet, use SSL
‘TelnetServerEnable = 2 (refer to Section 12.1 on page 213).
7.
To save the changes so they are available after a power fail, refer to refer to Section 5.9 on
page 161.
8.
Reset the gateway. Click the Reset button on the main menu bar; the Reset screen is
displayed. Click the button Reset.
After reset, when accessing the Web or Telnet servers, use the username and password you
configured in the RADIUS database. The local system password is still active and is used when
the RADIUS server is down.
¾ To configure RADIUS support on the MP-11x using the ini file:
•
Add the following parameters to the ini file. For information on modifying the ini file, refer to
Section 6.2 on page 163.
¾
EnableRADIUS = 1
¾
WebRADIUSLogin = 1
¾
RADIUSAuthServerIP = IP address of RADIUS server
¾
RADIUSAuthPort = port number of RADIUS server, usually 1812
¾
SharedSecret = your shared secret'
¾
HTTPSOnly = 1
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12.3 Network Port Usage
The following table lists the default TCP/UDP network port numbers used by the MediaPack.
Where relevant, the table lists the ini file parameters that control the port usage and provide
source IP address filtering capabilities.
Table 12-1: Default TCP/UDP Network Port Numbers
Port Number
Peer Port
Application
Notes
2
2
Debugging interface
Always ignored
23
-
Telnet
Disabled by default (TelnetServerEnable).
Configurable (TelnetServerPort), access controlled
by WebAccessList
68
67
DHCP
Active only if DHCPEnable = 1
80
-
Web server (HTTP)
Configurable (HTTPPort), can be disabled
(DisableWebTask or HTTPSOnly). Access
controlled by WebAccessList
161
-
SNMP GET/SET
Configurable (SNMPPort), can be disabled
(DisableSNMP). Access controlled by
SNMPTrustedMGR
443
-
Web server (HTTPS)
Configurable (HTTPSPort), can be disabled
(DisableWebTask). Access controlled by
WebAccessList
500
-
IPSec IKE
Can be disabled (EnableIPSec)
Not supported in the current version.
6000, 6010 and up
-
RTP traffic
Base port number configurable (BaseUDPPort),
fixed increments of 10. The number of ports used
depends on the channel capacity of the device.
6001, 6011 and up
-
RTCP traffic
Always adjacent to the RTP port number
6002, 6012 and up
-
T.38 traffic
Always adjacent to the RTCP port number
5060
5060
SIP
Configurable (LocalSIPPort [UDP],
TCPLocalSIPPort [TCP]).
5061
5061
SIP over TLS (SIPS)
Configurable (TLSLocalSIPPort)
(random) > 32767
514
Syslog
Disabled by default (EnableSyslog).
(random) > 32767
-
Syslog ICMP
Disabled by default (EnableSyslog).
(random) > 32767
-
ARP listener
(random) > 32767
162
SNMP Traps
(random) > 32767
-
DNS client
Can be disabled (DisableSNMP)
12.4 Recommended Practices
To improve network security, the following guidelines are recommended when configuring the
MediaPack:
•
Set the Administrator password (refer to Section 5.2.1 on page 47) to a unique, hard-to-hack
string. Do not use the same password for several devices as a single compromise may lead
to others. Keep this password safe at all times and change it frequently.
•
If possible, use a RADIUS server for authentication. RADIUS allows you to set different
passwords for different users of the MP-11x, with centralized management of the password
database. Both Web and Telnet interfaces support RADIUS authentication (refer to Section
12.2 on page 217).
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•
If the number of users that access the Web and Telnet interfaces is limited, you can use the
‘Web and Telnet Access List’ to define up to ten IP addresses that are permitted to access
these interfaces. Access from an undefined IP address is denied (refer to Section 5.6.1.4 on
page 120).
•
Use HTTPS when accessing the Web interface. Set HTTPSOnly to 1 to allow only HTTPS
traffic (and block port 80). If you don't need the Web interface, disable the Web server
(DisableWebTask).
•
If you use Telnet, do not use the default port (23). Use SSL mode to protect Telnet traffic
from network sniffing.
•
If you use SNMP, do not leave the community strings at their default values as they can be
easily guessed by hackers (refer to Section 15.7.1 on page 233).
•
Use a firewall to protect your VoIP network from external attacks. Network robustness may
be compromised if the network is exposed to Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. DoS attacks
are mitigated by Stateful firewalls. Do not allow unauthorized traffic to reach the MediaPack.
12.5 Legal Notice
By default, the MediaPack supports export-grade (40-bit and 56-bit) encryption due to US
government restrictions on the export of security technologies. To enable 128-bit and 256-bit
encryption on your device, contact your AudioCodes representative.
This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project for use in the OpenSSL
Toolkit (www.openssl.org)
This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young' (eay@cryptsoft.com).
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13. Diagnostics
Diagnostics
Several diagnostic tools are provided, enabling you to identify correct functioning of the
MediaPack, or an error condition with a probable cause and a solution or workaround.
•
Front and rear panel indicator LEDs on the MediaPack. The location and functionality of the
MP-1xx front panel LEDs is shown in Section 2.1.1.2 on page 24. The location and
functionality of the MP-1xx rear panel LEDs is shown in Sections 2.1.2 and 25. The location
and functionality of the MP-11x front panel LEDs is shown in Table 2-7 on page 27.
•
Self-Testing on hardware initialization, refer to Section 13.1 below.
•
Error / notification messages via the following interfaces:
¾
Syslog - Log messages can be viewed using an external Syslog server, refer to Section
13.2 on page 222, or on the ‘Message Log’ screen in the Embedded Web Server, refer
to Section 5.7.3 on page 153. Note that the ‘Message Log’ screen is not recommended
for prolong debugging.
¾
RS-232 terminal - For information on establishing a serial communications link with the
MediaPack, refer to Section 10.2 on page 201.
13.1 Self-Testing
The MediaPack features two self-testing modes: rapid and detailed.
•
Rapid Self-Test Mode - Rapid self-test mode is run each time the media gateway completes
the initialization process. This is a short test phase in which the only errors detected and
reported are failure in initializing hardware components. All Status and Error reports in this
self-test phase are reported through the Syslog, as well as indicated by the LED Status
Indicators.
•
Detailed Self-Test Mode - Detailed self-test mode is run when initialization of the gateway is
completed and if the configuration parameter EnableDiagnostics is set to 1 or 2 (when set to
1, flash is tested thoroughly, when set to 2, flash is partially tested). In this mode, the media
gateway tests all hardware components (memory, DSP, etc.), outputs the status of the test
results (to Syslog), and ends the test.
The gateway doesn’t process calls while in Detailed self-test mode. When you are finished
running the detailed test, you must disable it (EnableDiagnostics = 0) and reset the gateway.
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13.2 Syslog Support
Syslog protocol is an event notification protocol that enables a machine to send event notification
messages across IP networks to event message collectors -also known as Syslog servers.
Syslog protocol is defined in the IETF RFC 3164 standard.
Since each process, application and operating system was written independently, there is little
uniformity to Syslog messages. For this reason, no assumption is made on the contents of the
messages other than the minimum requirements of its priority.
Syslog uses UDP as its underlying transport layer mechanism. The UDP port that was assigned
to Syslog is 514.
The Syslog message is transmitted as an ASCII (American Standard Code for Information
Interchange) message. The message starts with a leading ‘<’ ('less-than' character), followed by a
number, which is followed by a ‘>’ ('greater-than' character). This is optionally followed by a single
ASCII space.
The number described above is known as the Priority and represents both the Facility and
Severity as described below. The Priority number consists of one, two, or three decimal integers.
For example:
<37> Oct 11 16:00:15 mymachine su: 'su root' failed for lonvick on /dev/pts/8
13.2.1 Syslog Servers
Users can use the provided Syslog server (ACSyslog08.exe) or other third-party Syslog servers.
Examples of Syslog servers available as shareware on the Internet:
•
Kiwi Enterprises: www.kiwisyslog.com/
•
The US CMS Server: uscms.fnal.gov/hanlon/uscms_server/
•
TriAction Software: www.triaction.nl/Products/SyslogDaemon.asp
•
Netal SL4NT 2.1 Syslog Daemon: www.netal.com
A typical Syslog server application enables filtering of the messages according to priority, IP
sender address, time, date, etc.
13.2.2 Operation
The Syslog client, embedded in the MediaPack, sends error reports/events generated by the
MediaPack unit application to a Syslog server, using IP/UDP protocol.
¾ To activate the Syslog client on the MediaPack, take these 4 steps:
1.
Set the parameter ‘EnableSyslog’ to 1 (refer to Table 5-29 on page 117).
2.
Use the parameter ‘SyslogServerIP’ to define the IP address of the Syslog server you use
(refer to Table 5-29 on page 117).
3.
To determine the Syslog logging level use the parameter ‘GWDebugLevel’ (refer to Table
5-5 on page 67).
4.
To view changes made on-the-fly to parameters via Web or SNMP set the parameter
‘EnableParametersMonitoring’ to 1 (refer to Table 5-37 on page 128).
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14. Embedded Command Line Interface
Embedded Command Line Interface
An embedded Command Line Interface (CLI) is available on the MediaPack. The CLI (or
CommandShell) can be accessed via Telnet, RS-232 and the Embedded Web Server. You can
use the CLI for diagnostics and basic configuration, such as to modify most of the ini file
parameters and to change the network settings (IP address, subnet mask and default gateway IP
address) of the gateway (refer to Section 14.2.1 on page 225).
Note:
In the current version SIP parameters cannot be configured via CLI.
14.1 Accessing the CLI
You can access the CLI via Telnet, RS-232 (refer to Section 10.2 on page 201) and the
Embedded Web Server.
¾ To access the CLI via the Embedded Telnet Server, take these 4 steps:
1.
Enable the Embedded Telnet Server:
¾
When using the ini file, set the parameter ‘TelnetServerEnable’ to 1 (standard mode) or 2
(SSL mode).
¾
When using the Embedded Web Server, set the parameter ‘Embedded Telnet Server’
(under Advanced Configuration>Network Settings>Application Settings) to ‘Enable
(Unsecured)’ or ‘Enable Secured (SSL)’ and save the changes so they are available
after a power fail (refer to Section 5.9 on page 161).
2.
Reset the gateway.
3.
Use a standard Telnet application to connect to the MediaPack Embedded Telnet Server.
Note that if the Telnet server is set to SSL mode, a special Telnet client is required on your
PC to connect to the Telnet interface over a secured connection (refer to Section 12.1.3 on
page 214).
4.
Login using the same username (default ‘Admin’) and password (default ‘Admin’) you use for
the Embedded Web Server’s Administrator level.
¾ To access the CLI via the Embedded Web Server, take these 2 steps:
1.
Access the MediaPack Embedded Web Server (refer to Section 5.3 on page 48).
2.
In the URL field, append the suffix ‘CmdShellInterface’ (note that it’s case-sensitive) to the IP
address, e.g., http://10.1.229.17/ CmdShellInterface; the CLI screen is displayed.
Figure 14-1: Embedded Web Server CLI Screen
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14.2 Using the CLI
The CLI commands are organized in folders. When first entering CLI, the user prompt is located
at the root folder. Each time a command is executed, the CLI lists the current folder’s available
commands and sub-folders. Before using the CLI, refer to the following notes:
•
Enter ‘h’ at the CLI prompt for help on global commands and enter ‘h <command name>’ for
information on a specific command.
•
Use two consecutive dots (i.e., ‘..’) to access a higher directory level.
•
You can use the upper case of each command / directory as a shortcut. For example, enter
CONF instead of CONFiguration and GPD instead of GetParameterDescription.
The following CLI commands are available:
Table 14-1: /CONFiguration Folder
Command Name
Description
SaveAndReset
Saves ini file parameters to non-volatile memory and resets the gateway
RestoreFactorySettings
N/A
SetConfigParam
Sets the value of an ini file parameter
GetParameterDescription
Displays the description of an ini file parameter
GetConfigParam
Queries the value of an ini file parameter
ConfigFile
Retrieves or sets the current ini file via Telnet
AutoUPDate
Checks for new ini or cmp files, configured in IniFileURL and CmpFileURL
Table 14-2: /MGmt/FAult Folder
Command Name
Description
ListActive
Lists the currently active alarms
ListHistory
Shows the alarm history table
Table 14-3: /IPNetworking/Ping Folder
Command Name
Description
Ping
Pings a remote IP address
PingGetStat
Gets the status of active ping sessions
PingStop
Stops active ping sessions
Table 14-4: /TPApp Folder
Command Name
Description
BoardInfo
Displays the gateway’s general information
LoadVersion
Displays the current software version number
TimeOfDay
Displays the system’s date and time of day
Table 14-5: /BSP/EXCeption Folder
Command Name
Description
ExceptionInfo
Displays information on the last software exception
PrintHistory
Displays the software exceptions history
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14.2.1 Changing the Networking Parameters
You can use the CLI to change the network settings (IP address, subnet mask and default
gateway IP address) of the MediaPack.
¾ To change the network settings via the CLI, take these 4 steps:
1.
At the prompt type ‘conf’ and press enter; the configuration folder is accessed.
2.
To check the current network parameters, at the prompt, type ‘GCP IP’ and press enter; the
current network settings are displayed.
3.
Change the network settings by typing: ‘SCP IP [ip_address] [subnet_mask]
[default_gateway]’ (e.g., ‘SCP IP 10.13.77.7 255.255.0.0 10.13.0.1’); the new settings take
effect on-the-fly. Connectivity is active at the new IP address.
Note: This command requires you to enter all three network parameters (each separated by
a space).
4.
To save the configuration, at the prompt, type ‘SAR’ and press enter; the MediaPack restarts
with the new network settings.
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15. SNMP-Based Management
SNMP-Based Management
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a standard-based network control protocol
used to manage elements in a network. The SNMP Manager (usually implemented by a Network
Manager (NM) or an Element Manager (EM)) connects to an SNMP Agent (embedded on a
remote Network Element (NE)) to perform network element Operation, Administration and
Maintenance (OAM).
Both the SNMP Manager and the NE refer to the same database to retrieve information or
configure parameters. This database is referred to as the Management Information Base (MIB),
and is a set of statistical and control values. Apart from the standard MIBs documented in IETF
RFCs, SNMP additionally enables the use of private MIBs, containing a non-standard information
set (specific functionality provided by the NE).
Directives, issued by the SNMP Manager to an SNMP Agent, consist of the identifiers of SNMP
variables (referred to as MIB object identifiers or MIB variables) along with instructions to either
get the value for that identifier, or set the identifier to a new value (configuration). The SNMP
Agent can also send unsolicited events towards the EM, called SNMP traps.
The definitions of MIB variables supported by a particular agent are incorporated in descriptor
files, written in Abstract Syntax Notation (ASN.1) format, made available to EM client programs so
that they can become aware of MIB variables and their use.
The device contains an embedded SNMP Agent supporting both general network MIBs (such as
the IP MIB), VoP-specific MIBs (such as RTP) and our proprietary MIBs (acBoard, acGateway,
acAlarm and other MIBs), enabling a deeper probe into the inter-working of the device. All
supported MIB files are supplied to customers as part of the release.
15.1 About SNMP
15.1.1 SNMP Message Standard
Four types of SNMP messages are defined:
•
Get - A request that returns the value of a named object.
•
Get-Next - A request that returns the next name (and value) of the ‘next’ object supported by
a network device given a valid SNMP name.
•
Set - A request that sets a named object to a specific value.
•
Trap - A message generated asynchronously by network devices. It is an unsolicited
message from an agent to the manager.
Each of these message types fulfills a particular requirement of Network Managers:
•
Get Request - Specific values can be fetched via the ‘get’ request to determine the
performance and state of the device. Typically, many different values and parameters can be
determined via SNMP without the overhead associated with logging into the device, or
establishing a TCP connection with the device.
•
Get Next Request - Enables the SNMP standard network managers to ‘walk’ through all
SNMP values of a device (via the ‘get-next’ request) to determine all names and values that
an operant device supports. This is accomplished by beginning with the first SNMP object to
be fetched, fetching the next name with a ‘get-next’, and repeating this operation.
•
Set Request - The SNMP standard provides a method of effecting an action associated with
a device (via the ‘set’ request) to accomplish activities such as disabling interfaces,
disconnecting users, clearing registers, etc. This provides a way of configuring and
controlling network devices via SNMP.
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•
Trap Message - The SNMP standard furnishes a mechanism by which devices can ‘reach
out’ to a Network Manager on their own (via a ‘trap’ message) to notify or alert the manager
of a problem with the device. This typically requires each device on the network to be
configured to issue SNMP traps to one or more network devices that are awaiting these
traps.
The above message types are all encoded into messages referred to as Protocol Data Units
(PDUs) that are interchanged between SNMP devices.
15.1.2 SNMP MIB Objects
The SNMP MIB is arranged in a tree-structured fashion, similar in many ways to a disk directory
structure of files. The top level SNMP branch begins with the ISO ‘internet’ directory, which
contains four main branches:
•
The ‘mgmt’ SNMP branch - Contains the standard SNMP objects usually supported (at least
in part) by all network devices.
•
The ‘private’ SNMP branch - Contains those ‘extended’ SNMP objects defined by network
equipment vendors.
•
The ‘experimental’ and ‘directory’ SNMP branches - Also defined within the ‘internet’ root
directory, these branches are usually devoid of any meaningful data or objects.
The ‘tree’ structure described above is an integral part of the SNMP standard, though the most
pertinent parts of the tree are the ‘leaf’ objects of the tree that provide actual management data
regarding the device. Generally, SNMP leaf objects can be partitioned into two similar but slightly
different types that reflect the organization of the tree structure:
•
Discrete MIB Objects - Contain one precise piece of management data. These objects are
often distinguished from ‘Table’ items (below) by adding a ‘.0’ (dot-zero) extension to their
names. The operator must merely know the name of the object and no other information.
•
Table MIB Objects - Contain multiple sections of management data. These objects are
distinguished from ‘Discrete’ items (above) by requiring a ‘.’ (dot) extension to their names
that uniquely distinguishes the particular value being referenced. The ‘.’ (dot) extension is the
‘instance’ number of an SNMP object. For ‘Discrete’ objects, this instance number is zero.
For ‘Table’ objects, this instance number is the index into the SNMP table. SNMP tables are
special types of SNMP objects which allow parallel arrays of information to be supported.
Tables are distinguished from scalar objects, so that tables can grow without bounds. For
example, SNMP defines the ‘ifDescr’ object (as a standard SNMP object) that indicates the
text description of each interface supported by a particular device. Since network devices
can be configured with more than one interface, this object can only be represented as an
array.
By convention, SNMP objects are always grouped in an ‘Entry’ directory, within an object with a
‘Table’ suffix. (The ‘ifDescr’ object described above resides in the ‘ifEntry’ directory contained in
the ‘ifTable’ directory).
15.1.3 SNMP Extensibility Feature
One of the principal components of an SNMP manager is a MIB Compiler which allows new MIB
objects to be added to the management system. When a MIB is compiled into an SNMP
manager, the manager is made ‘aware’ of new objects that are supported by agents on the
network. The concept is similar to adding a new schema to a database.
Typically, when a MIB is compiled into the system, the manager creates new folders or directories
that correspond to the objects. These folders or directories can typically be viewed with a MIB
Browser, which is a traditional SNMP management tool incorporated into virtually all Network
Management Systems.
The act of compiling the MIB allows the manager to know about the special objects supported by
the agent and access these objects as part of the standard object set.
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15.2 Carrier Grade Alarm System
The basic alarm system has been extended to a carrier-grade alarm system. A carrier-grade
alarm system provides a reliable alarm reporting mechanism that takes into account EMS
outages, network outages, and transport mechanism such as SNMP over UDP.
A carrier-grade alarm system is characterized by the following:
•
The device has a mechanism that allows a manager to determine which alarms are currently
active in the device. That is, the device maintains an active alarm table.
•
The device has a mechanism to allow a manager to detect lost alarm raise and clear
notifications [sequence number in trap, current sequence number MIB object].
•
The device has a mechanism to allow a manager to recover lost alarm raise and clear
notifications [maintains a log history].
•
The device sends a cold start trap to indicate that it is starting. This allows the EMS to
synchronize its view of the device's active alarms.
The SNMP alarm traps are sent as in previous releases. This system provides the mechanism for
viewing of history and current active alarm information.
15.2.1 Active Alarm Table
The device maintains an active alarm table to allow a manager to determine which alarms are
currently active in the device. Two views of the active alarm table are supported by the agent:
•
acActiveAlarmTable in the enterprise acAlarm
•
alarmActiveTable and alarmActiveVariableTable in the IETF standard ALARM-MIB (rooted in
the AC tree)
The acActiveAlarmTable is a simple, one-row per alarm table that is easy to view with a MIB
browser.
The ALARM-MIB is currently a draft standard and therefore has no OID assigned to it. In the
current software release, the MIB is rooted in the experimental MIB subtree. In a future release,
after the MIB has been ratified and an OID assigned, it is to move to the official OID.
15.2.2 Alarm History
The device maintains a history of alarms that have been raised and traps that have been cleared
to allow a manager to recover any lost, raised or cleared traps. Two views of the alarm history
table are supported by the agent:
•
acAlarmHistoryTable in the enterprise acAlarm
•
nlmLogTable and nlmLogVariableTable in the standard NOTIFICATION-LOG-MIB
As with the acActiveAlarmTable, the acAlarmHistoryTable is a simple, one-row-per-alarm table
that is easy to view with a MIB browser.
15.3 Cold Start Trap
MediaPack technology supports a cold start trap to indicate that the device is starting. This allows
the manager to synchronize its view of the device's active alarms. Two different traps are sent at
start-up:
•
Version 4.6
The standard coldStart trap - iso(1).org(3).dod(6).internet(1). snmpV2(6). snmpModules(3).
snmpMIB(1). snmpMIBObjects(1). snmpTraps(5). coldStart(1) - sent at system initialization.
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•
The enterprise acBoardEvBoardStarted which is generated at the end of system
initialization. This is more of an ‘application-level’ cold start sent after the entire initializing
process is complete and all the modules are ready.
15.4 Third-Party Performance Monitoring
Measurements
Performance measurements are available for a third-party performance monitoring system
through an SNMP interface. These measurements can be polled at scheduled intervals by an
external poller or utility in a media server or other off-device system.
The device provides two types of performance measurements:
1.
Gauges: Gauges represent the current state of activities on the device. Gauges, unlike
counters, can decrease in value, and like counters, can increase. The value of a gauge is the
current value or a snapshot of the current activity on the device.
2.
Counters: Counters always increase in value and are cumulative. Counters, unlike gauges,
never decrease in value unless the off-device system is reset, the counters are then zeroed.
Performance measurements are provided by several proprietary MIBs that are located under the
‘performance’ sub tree:
iso(1).org(3).dod(6).internet(1).private(4).enterprises(1).audioCodes(5003).acPerformance(10).
Two formats of performance monitoring MIBs are available:
1.
Old format (obsolete as of version 4.6):
Each MIB is composed of a list of single MIB objects, each relates to a separate attribute
within a gauge or a counter. All counters and gauges provide the current time value only.
¾
acPerfMediaGateway - a generic-type of PM MIB that covers:
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
2.
Control protocol
RTP stream
System packets statistics
¾
acPerfMediaServices - Media services devices specific performance MIB.
¾
acPerfH323SIPGateway – holds statistics on Tel to IP and vice versa.
New format:
The following MIBs feature an identical structure. Each includes two major sub-trees.
¾
Configuration sub tree – enables configuration of general attributes of the MIB and
specific attributes of the monitored objects.
¾
Data sub tree
The monitoring results are presented in tables. Each table includes one or two indices. When
there are two indices, the first index is a sub-set in the table (e.g., trunk number) and the
second (or a single where there is only one) index represents the interval number (present 0, previous - 1 and the one before - 2).
The MIBs are:
¾
acPMMedia – for media (voice) related monitoring (e.g., RTP, DSP’s).
¾
acPMControl – for Control-Protocol related monitoring (e.g., connections, commands).
¾
acPMSystem – for general (system related) monitoring.
The log trap, acPerformanceMonitoringThresholdCrossing (non-alarm), is sent out every
time the threshold of a Performance Monitored object is crossed. The severity field is
'indeterminate' when the crossing is above the threshold and 'cleared' when it falls bellow the
threshold. The 'source' varbind in the trap indicates the object for which the threshold is
being crossed.
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15.5 Supported MIBs
The MediaPack contains an embedded SNMP Agent supporting the following MIBs:
•
Standard MIB (MIB-2) - The various SNMP values in the standard MIB are defined in RFC
1213. The standard MIB includes various objects to measure and monitor IP activity, TCP
activity, UDP activity, IP routes, TCP connections, interfaces and general system indicators.
•
RTP MIB - The RTP MIB is supported in conformance with the IETF RFC 2959. It contains
objects relevant to the RTP streams generated and terminated by the device and to RTCP
information related to these streams.
•
NOTIFICATION-LOG-MIB - This standard MIB (RFC 3014 - iso.org.dod.internet.mgmt.mib2) is supported as part of our implementation of carrier grade alarms.
•
ALARM-MIB - This is an IETF proposed MIB also supported as part of our implementation of
carrier grade alarms. This MIB is still not standard and is therefore under the
audioCodes.acExperimental branch.
•
SNMP-TARGET-MIB - This MIB is partially supported (RFC 2273). It allows for the
configuration of trap destinations and trusted managers only.
•
SNMP Research International Enterprise MIBs – MediaPack supports two SNMP Research
International MIBs: SR-COMMUNITY-MIB and TGT-ADDRESS-MASK-MIB. These MIBs are
used in the configuration of SNMPv2c community strings and trusted managers.
In addition to the standard MIBs, the complete series contains several proprietary MIBs:
•
acBoard MIB - This proprietary MIB contains objects related to configuration of the device
and channels, as well as to run-time information. Through this MIB, users can set up the
device configuration parameters, reset the device, monitor the device’s operational
robustness and Quality of Service during run-time, and receive traps.
Note:
The acBoard MIB is still supported but is being replaced by five newer
proprietary MIBs.
The acBoard MIB has the following groups:
¾
boardConfiguration
¾
boardInformation
¾
channelConfiguration
¾
channelStatus
¾
reset
¾
acTrap
As noted above, five new MIBs cover the device’s general parameters. Each contains a
Configuration subtree for configuring related parameters. In some, there also are Status and
Action subtrees.
The 5 MIBs are:
1.
AC-ANALOG-MIB
2.
AC-CONTROL-MIB
3.
AC-MEDIA-MIB
4.
AC-PSTN-MIB
5.
AC-SYSTEM-MIB
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Other proprietary MIBs are:
•
acGateway MIB - This proprietary MIB contains objects related to configuration of the device
when applied as a SIP or H.323 media gateway only. This MIB complements the other
proprietary MIBs.
The acGateway MIB has the following groups:
•
¾
Common
- for parameters common to both SIP and H.323
¾
SIP
- for SIP parameters only
¾
H.323
- for H.323 parameters only
acAlarm - This is a proprietary carrier-grade alarm MIB. It is a simpler implementation of the
notificationLogMIB and the IETF suggested alarmMIB (both also supported in all MediaPack
and related devices).
The acAlarm MIB has the following groups:
¾
ActiveAlarm - straightforward (single-indexed) table, listing all currently active alarms,
together with their bindings (the alarm bindings are defined in acAlarm. acAlarmVarbinds
and also in acBoard.acTrap. acBoardTrapDefinitions.
oid_1_3_6_1_4_1_5003_9_10_1_21_2_0).
¾
acAlarmHistory - straightforward (single-indexed) table, listing all recently raised alarms
together with their bindings (the alarm bindings are defined in acAlarm. acAlarmVarbinds
and also in acBoard.acTrap. acBoardTrapDefinitions.
oid_1_3_6_1_4_1_5003_9_10_1_21_2_0).
The table size can be altered via
notificationLogMIB.notificationLogMIBObjects.nlmConfig.nlmConfigGlobalEntryLimit or
notificationLogMIB.notificationLogMIBObjects.nlmConfig.nlmConfigLogTable.nlm
ConfigLogEntry.nlmConfigLogEntryLimit.
The table size can be any value between 10 to 100 and is 100 by default.
The following are special notes pertaining to MIBs:
Note 1:
•
A detailed explanation of each parameter can be viewed in an SNMP
browser in the ‘MIB Description’ field.
•
Not all groups in the MIB are functional. Refer to version release notes.
•
Certain parameters are non-functional. Their MIB status is marked
'obsolete'.
•
When a parameter is set to a new value via SNMP, the change may affect
device functionality immediately or may require that the device be soft
reset for the change to take effect. This depends on the parameter type.
Note 2:
The current (updated) device configuration parameters are programmed into
the device provided that the user does not load an ini file to the device after
reset. Loading an ini file after reset overrides the updated parameters.
Additional MIBs are to be supported in future releases.
15.6 Traps
Note:
As of this version all traps are sent from the SNMP port (default 161). This is
part of the NAT traversal solution.
Full proprietary trap definitions and trap Varbinds are found in the acBoard MIB and acAlarm MIB.
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The following proprietary traps are supported. For detailed information on these traps, refer to
Appendix E on page 281:
•
acBoardFatalError - Sent whenever a fatal device error occurs.
•
acBoardEvResettingBoard - Sent after the device is reset.
•
acBoardEvBoardStarted - Sent after the device is successfully restored and initialized
following reset.
•
acBoardConfigurationError - Sent when a device’s settings are illegal - the trap contains a
message stating/detailing/explaining the illegality of the setting.
•
acBoardCallResourcesAlarm - Indicates that no free channels are available.
•
acBoardControllerFailureAlarm - The Gatekeeper/Proxy is not found or registration failed.
Internal routing table can be used for routing.
•
acBoardEthernetLinkAlarm - Ethernet link or links are down.
•
acBoardOverloadAlarm - Overload in one or some of the system's components.
•
acActiveAlarmTableOverflow - An active alarm could not be placed in the active alarm table
because the table is full.
•
acPerformanceMonitoringThresholdCrossing - This log trap is sent every time the threshold
of a Performance Monitored object is crossed. The severity field is 'indeterminate' when the
crossing is above the threshold and 'cleared' when it goes back under the threshold. The
'source' varbind in the trap indicates the object for which the threshold is being crossed.
In addition to the listed traps, the device also supports the following standard traps:
•
coldStart
•
authenticationFailure
15.7 SNMP Interface Details
This section describes details of the SNMP interface that is required when developing an Element
Manager (EM) for any of the media gateways, or to manage a device with a MIB browser.
Currently, both SNMP and ini file commands and downloads are not encrypted. For ini file
encoding, refer to Section D.1.2 on page 273.
15.7.1 SNMP Community Names
By default, the device uses a single, read-only community string of ‘public’ and a single read-write
community string of ‘private’.
Users can configure up to 5 read-only community strings and up to 5 read-write community
strings, and a single trap community string is supported:
15.7.1.1 Configuration of Community Strings via the ini File
SNMPREADONLYCOMMUNITYSTRING_<x> = '#######'
SNMPREADWRITECOMMUNITYSTRING_<x> = '#######'
where <x> is a number between 0 and 4, inclusive. Note that the '#' character represents any
alphanumeric character. The maximum length of the string is 20 characters.
15.7.1.2 Configuration of Community Strings via SNMP
To configure read-only and read-write community strings, the EM must use the srCommunityMIB.
To configure the trap community string, the EM must also use the snmpVacmMIB and the
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snmpTargetMIB.
¾ To add a read-only community string (v2user):
•
Add a new row to the srCommunityTable with CommunityName v2user and GroupName
ReadGroup.
¾ To delete the read-only community string (v2user), take these 2 steps:
1.
If v2user is being used as the trap community string, follow the procedure for changing the
trap community string (see below).
2.
Delete the srCommunityTable row with CommunityName v2user.
¾ To add a read-write community string (v2admin):
•
Add a new row to the srCommunityTable with CommunityName of v2admin and GroupName
ReadWriteGroup.
¾ To delete the read-write community string (v2admin), take these 2
steps:
1.
If v2admin is being used as the trap community string, follow the procedure for changing the
trap community string. (See below.)
2.
Delete the srCommunityTable row with a CommunityName of v2admin and GroupName of
ReadWriteGroup.
¾ To change the only read-write community string from v2admin to
v2mgr, take these 4 steps:
1.
Follow the procedure above to add a read-write community string to a row for v2mgr.
2.
Set up the EM so that subsequent ‘set’ requests use the new community string, v2mgr.
3.
If v2admin is being used as the trap community string, follow the procedure to change the
trap community string (see below).
4.
Follow the procedure above to delete a read-write community name in the row for v2admin.
¾ To change the trap community string, take these 2 steps:
(The following procedure assumes that a row already exists in the srCommunityTable for the new
trap community string. The trap community string can be part of the TrapGroup, ReadGroup or
ReadWriteGroup. If the trap community string is used solely for sending traps (recommended), it
should be made part of the TrapGroup).
1.
Add a row to the vacmSecurityToGroupTable with these values: SecurityModel=2,
SecurityName=the new trap community string, GroupName=TrapGroup, ReadGroup or
ReadWriteGroup. The SecurityModel and SecurityName objects are row indices.
Note:
2.
You must add GroupName and RowStatus on the same set.
Modify the SecurityName field in the sole row of the snmpTargetParamsTable.
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15.7.2 Trusted Managers
By default, the agent accepts ‘get’ and ‘set’ requests from any IP address, as long as the correct
community string is used in the request. Security can be enhanced via the use of Trusted
Managers. A Trusted Manager is an IP address from which the SNMP Agent accepts and
processes ‘get’ and ‘set’ requests. An EM can be used to configure up to 5 Trusted Managers.
Note:
If Trusted Managers are defined, all community strings work from all Trusted
Managers. That is, there is no way to associate a community string with
particular trusted managers.
15.7.2.1 Configuration of Trusted Managers via ini File
To set the Trusted Mangers table from start-up, write the following in the ini file:
SNMPTRUSTEDMGR_X = D.D.D.D
where X is any integer between 0 and 4 (0 sets the first table entry, 1 sets the second, and so
on), and D is an integer between 0 and 255.
15.7.2.2 Configuration of Trusted Managers via SNMP
To configure Trusted Managers, the EM must use the srCommunityMIB, the snmpTargetMIB and
the TGT-ADDRESS-MASK-MIB.
¾ To add the first Trusted Manager, take these 3 steps:
(The following procedure assumes that there is at least one configured read-write community.
There are currently no Trusted Managers. The taglist for columns for all srCommunityTable rows
are currently empty).
1.
Add a row to the snmpTargetAddrTable with these values: Name=mgr0, TagList=MGR,
Params=v2cparams.
2.
Add a row to the tgtAddressMaskTable table with these values: Name=mgr0,
tgtAddressMask=255.255.255.255:0. The agent doesn’t allow creation of a row in this table
unless a corresponding row exists in the snmpTargetAddrTable.
3.
Set the value of the TransportLabel field on each non-TrapGroup row in the
srCommunityTable to MGR.
¾ To add a subsequent Trusted Manager, take these 2 steps:
(The following procedure assumes that there is at least one configured read-write community.
There are currently one or more Trusted Managers. The taglist for columns for all rows in the
srCommunityTable are currently set to MGR. This procedure must be performed from one of the
existing Trusted Managers).
1.
Add a row to the snmpTargetAddrTable with these values: Name=mgrN, TagList=MGR,
Params=v2cparams, where N is an unused number between 0 and 4.
2.
Add a row to the tgtAddressMaskTable table with these values: Name=mgrN,
tgtAddressMask=255.255.255.255:0.
An alternative to the above procedure is to set the tgtAddressMask column while you are
creating other rows in the table.
¾ To delete a Trusted Manager (not the final one), take this step:
(The following procedure assumes that there is at least one configured read-write community.
There are currently two or more Trusted Managers. The taglist for columns for all rows in the
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srCommunityTable are currently set to MGR. This procedure must be performed from one of the
existing trusted managers, but not the one that is being deleted.
•
Remove the appropriate row from the snmpTargetAddrTable.
The change takes effect immediately. The deleted trusted manager cannot access the device.
The agent automatically removes the row in the tgtAddressMaskTable.
¾ To delete the final Trusted Manager, take these 2 steps:
(The following procedure assumes that there is at least one configured read-write community.
There is currently only one Trusted Manager. The taglist for columns for all rows in the
srCommunityTable are currently set to MGR. This procedure must be performed from the final
Trusted Manager.
1.
Set the value of the TransportLabel field on each row in the srCommunityTable to the empty
string.
2.
Remove the appropriate row from the snmpTargetAddrTable
The change takes effect immediately. All managers can now access the device.
15.7.3 SNMP Ports
The SNMP Request Port is 161 and the Trap Port is 162. These ports can be changed by setting
parameters in the device ini file. The parameter name is:
SNMPPort = <port_number>
Valid UDP port number; default = 161
This parameter specifies the port number for SNMP requests and responses. Usually, it should
not be specified. Use the default.
15.7.4 Multiple SNMP Trap Destinations
An agent can send traps to up to five managers. For each manager, set the manager’s IP
address, receiving port number and enable sending traps to that manager.
To configure the trap managers table use:
•
The Embedded Web Server, refer to Section 5.6.1.3 on page 119.
•
The ini file, refer to Section 15.7.1.1 below.
•
SNMP, refer to Section 15.7.1.2 on page 233.
15.7.4.1 Trap Manger Configuration via Host Name
One of the five available SNMP managers can be defined using a FQDN. In the current version,
this option can only be configured via the ini file (SNMPTrapManagerHostName).
The gateway tries to resolve the host name at start up. Once the name is resolved (IP is found),
the resolved IP address replaces the last entry in the trap manager table (defined by the
parameter ‘SNMPManagerTableIP_x’) and the last trap manager entry of snmpTargetAddrTable
in the snmpTargetMIB. The port is 162 (unless specified otherwise), the row is marked as ‘used’
and the sending is ‘enabled’.
When using 'host name' resolution, any changes made by the user to this row in either MIBs are
overwritten by the gateway when a resolving is redone (once an hour).
Note that several traps may be lost until the resolving is complete.
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15.7.4.2 Trap Managers Configuration via the ini File
In the MediaPack ini file, the parameters below can be set to enable or disable the sending of
SNMP traps. Multiple trap destinations can be supported on the device by setting multiple trap
destinations in the ini file.
SNMPManagerTrapSendingEnable_<x> = 0 or 1 indicates if traps are to be sent to the specified
SNMP trap manager. A value of ‘1’ means that it is enabled, while a value of ‘0’ means disabled.
<x> = a number 0, 1, 2 which is the array element index. Currently, up to 5 SNMP trap managers
can be supported.
Figure 15-1 presents an example of entries in a device ini file regarding SNMP. The device can
be configured to send to multiple trap destinations. The lines in the file below are commented out
with the ‘;’ at the beginning of the line. All of the lines below are commented out since the first line
character is a semi-colon.
Figure 15-1: Example of Entries in a Device ini file Regarding SNMP
; SNMP trap destinations
; The board maintains a table of trap destinations containing 5 ;rows. The rows are
numbered 0..4. Each block of 4 items below ;apply to a row in the table.
; To configure one of the rows, uncomment all 4 lines in that ;block. Supply an IP
address and if necessary, change the port ;number.
; To delete a trap destination, set ISUSED to 0.
; -change these entries as needed
;SNMPManagerTableIP_0=
;SNMPManagerTrapPort_0=162
;SNMPManagerIsUsed_0=1
;SNMPManagerTrapSendingEnable_0=1
;
;SNMPManagerTableIP_1=
;SNMPManagerTrapPort_1=162
;SNMPManagerIsUsed_1=1
;SNMPManagerTrapSendingEnable_1=1
;
;SNMPManagerTableIP_2=
;SNMPManagerTrapPort_2=162
;SNMPManagerIsUsed_2=1
;SNMPManagerTrapSendingEnable_2=1
;
;SNMPManagerTableIP_3=
;SNMPManagerTrapPort_3=162
;SNMPManagerIsUsed_3=1
;SNMPManagerTrapSendingEnable_3=1
;
;SNMPManagerTableIP_4=
;SNMPManagerTrapPort_4=162
;SNMPManagerIsUsed_4=1
;SNMPManagerTrapSendingEnable_4=1
To configure the trap manger host name use the parameter SNMPTrapManagerHostName. For
example: SNMPTrapManagerHostName = 'myMananger.corp.MyCompany.com’.
Note:
The same information configurable in the ini file can also be configured via
the acBoardMIB.
15.7.4.3 Trap Mangers Configuration via SNMP
Two MIB interfaces are available for configuring the trap managers. The first, via the obsolete
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acBoard MIB (is going to be removed in the following version). The second, via the standard
snmpTargetMIB.
Using the acBoard MIB:
The following parameters (that are defined in the snmpManagersTable) are available:
1.
snmpTrapManagerSending
2.
snmpManagerIsUsed
3.
snmpManagerTrapPort
4.
snmpManagerIP
When snmpManagerIsUsed is set to zero (not used), the other three parameters are set to zero
as well. The intention is to have them set to the default value, which means TrapPort is set to
162. This is to be revised in a later release.
•
snmpManagerIsUsed (Default = Disable(0))
The allowed values are 0 (disable or no) and 1 (enable or yes).
•
snmpManagerIp (Default = 0.0.0.0)
This is known as SNMPManagerTableIP in the ini file and is the IP address of the manager.
•
SnmpManagerTrapPort (Default = 162)
The valid port range for this is 100-4000.
•
snmpManagerTrapSendingEnable (Default = Enable(1))
The allowed values are 0 (disable) and 1 (enable).
Note 1:
Each of these MIB objects is independent and can be set regardless of the
state of snmpManagerIsUsed.
Note 2:
If the parameter IsUsed is set to 1, the IP address for that row should be
supplied in the same SNMP PDU.
Using the SNMPTargetMIB:
¾ To add a trap destination:
•
Add a row to the snmpTargetAddrTable with these values:
Name=trapN, TagList=AC_TRAP, Params=v2cparams, where N is an unused number
between 0 and 4.
All changes to the trap destination configuration take effect immediately.
¾ To delete a trap destination:
•
Remove the appropriate row from the snmpTargetAddrTable.
¾ To modify a trap destination:
(You can change the IP address and/or port number for an existing trap destination. The same
effect can be achieved by removing a row and adding a new row).
•
Modify the IP address and/or port number for the appropriate row in the
snmpTargetAddrTable.
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¾ To disable a trap destination:
•
Change TagList on the appropriate row in the snmpTargetAddrTable to the empty string.
¾ To enable a trap destination:
•
Change TagList on the appropriate row in the snmpTargetAddrTable to ‘AC_TRAP’.
15.8 SNMP Manager Backward Compatibility
With support for the Multi Manager Trapping feature, the older acSNMPManagerIP MIB object,
synchronized with the first index in the snmpManagers MIB table, is also supported. This is
translated in two features:
•
SET/GET to either of the two MIB objects is identical.
i.e., as far as the SET/GET are concerned OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.1.2.7 is identical to
OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.1.2.21.1.1.3.
•
When setting ANY IP to the acSNMPManagerIP (this is the older parameter, not the table
parameter), two more parameters are SET to ENABLE. snmpManagerIsUsed.0 and
snmpManagerTrapSendingEnable.0 are both set to 1.
15.9 AudioCodes’ Element Management System
Using AudioCodes’ Element Management System (EMS) is recommended to Customers
requiring large deployments (multiple media gateways in globally distributed enterprise offices, for
example), that need to be managed by central personnel.
The EMS is not included in the device’s supplied package. Contact AudioCodes for detailed
information on AudioCodes’ EMS and on AudioCodes’ EVN - Enterprise VoIP Network – solution
for large VoIP deployments.
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Reader's Notes
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16
16. Configuration Files
Configuration Files
This section describes the configuration dat files that are loaded (in addition to the ini file) to the
gateway. The configuration files are:
•
Call Progress Tones file (refer to Section 16.1 on page 241).
•
Prerecorded Tones file (refer to Section 16.2 on page 246).
•
FXS/FXO Coefficient files (refer to Section 16.3 on page 247).
To load either of the configuration files to the MediaPack use the Embedded Web Server (refer to
Section 5.8.2 on page 159) or alternatively specify the name of the relevant configuration file in
the gateway’s ini file and load it (the ini file) to the gateway (refer to Section 5.8.2.1 on page 160).
16.1 Configuring the Call Progress Tones and
Distinctive Ringing File
The Call Progress Tones and Distinctive Ringing, configuration file used by the MediaPack is a
binary file (with the extension dat) that is comprised of two sections. The first section contains the
definitions of the Call Progress Tones (levels and frequencies) that are detected / generated by
the MediaPack. The second section contains the characteristics of the distinctive ringing signals
that are generated by the MediaPack.
Users can either use, one of the supplied MediaPack configuration (dat) files, or construct their
own file. To construct their own configuration file, users are recommended, to modify the supplied
usa_tone.ini file (in any standard text editor) to suit their specific requirements, and to convert it
(the modified ini file) into binary format using the TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility. For
the description of the procedure on how to convert CPT ini file to a binary dat file, refer to Section
D.1.1 on page 272.
Note that only the dat file can be loaded to the MediaPack gateway.
To load the Call Progress Tones (dat) file to the MediaPack, use the Embedded Web Server
(refer to Section 5.6.4 on page 145) or the ini file (refer to Section 5.8.2.1 on page 160).
16.1.1 Format of the Call Progress Tones Section in the ini File
Users can create up to 32 different Call Progress Tones, each with frequency and format
attributes.
The frequency attribute can be single or dual-frequency (in the range of 300 Hz to 1980 Hz), or
an Amplitude Modulated (AM). In total, up to 64 different frequencies are supported. Only eight
AM tones, in the range of 1 to 128 kHz, can be configured (the detection range is limited to 1 to
50 kHz). Note that when a tone is composed of a single frequency, the second frequency field
must be set to zero.
The format attribute can be one of the following:
•
Continues - (e.g., dial tone) a steady non-interrupted sound. Only the ‘First Signal On time’
should be specified. All other on and off periods must be set to zero. In this case, the
parameter specifies the detection period. For example, if it equals 300, the tone is detected
after 3 seconds (300 x 10 msec). The minimum detection time is 100 msec.
•
Cadence – A repeating sequence of on and off sounds. Up to four different sets of on / off
periods can be specified.
•
Burst – A single sound followed by silence. Only the ‘First Signal On time’ and ‘First Signal
Off time’ should be specified. All other on and off periods must be set to zero. The burst tone
is detected after the off time is completed.
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Users can specify several tones of the same type. These additional tones are used only for tone
detection. Generation of a specific tone conforms to the first definition of the specific tone. For
example, users can define an additional dial tone by appending the second dial tone’s definition
lines to the first tone definition in the ini file. The MediaPack reports dial tone detection if either of
the two tones is detected.
The following limitations apply to MP-1xx devices:
Note:
•
•
•
•
•
Only 2 cadences are supported.
The Burst tone type is not supported.
AM tones are not supported.
The maximum number of different CPT is limited to 16.
The maximum number of different frequencies is limited to 15.
The Call Progress Tones section of the ini file comprises the following segments:
•
[NUMBER OF CALL PROGRESS TONES] – Contains the following key:
¾
•
‘Number of Call Progress Tones’ defining the number of Call Progress Tones that are
defined in the file.
[CALL PROGRESS TONE #X] – containing the Xth tone definition (starting from 1 and not
exceeding the number of Call Progress Tones defined in the first section) using the following
keys:
¾
Tone Type – Call Progress Tone type
Figure 16-1: Call Progress Tone Types
1 - Dial Tone
2 - Ringback Tone
3 - Busy Tone
7 - Reorder Tone
8 - Confirmation Tone
9 - Call Waiting Tone
15 - Stutter Dial Tone
16 - Off Hook Warning Tone
17 - Call Waiting Ringback Tone
23 - Hold Tone
¾
Tone Modulation Type – Either Amplitude Modulated (1) or regular (0).
¾
Tone Form – The tone’s format, can be one of the following:
1.
Continuous
2.
Cadence
3.
Burst
¾
Low Freq [Hz] – Frequency in hertz of the lower tone component in case of dual
frequency tone, or the frequency of the tone in case of single tone (not relevant to AM
tones).
¾
High Freq [Hz] – Frequency in hertz of the higher tone component in case of dual
frequency tone, or zero (0) in case of single tone (not relevant to AM tones).
¾
Low Freq Level [-dBm] – Generation level 0 dBm to –31 dBm in [dBm] (not relevant to
AM tones).
¾
High Freq Level – Generation level. 0 to –31 dBm. The value should be set to ‘32’ in the
case of a single tone (not relevant to AM tones).
¾
First Signal On Time [10 msec] – ‘Signal On’ period (in 10 msec units) for the first
cadence on-off cycle. For be continuous tones, this parameter defines the detection
period. For burst tones, it defines the tone’s duration.
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¾
First Signal Off Time [10 msec] – ‘Signal Off’ period (in 10 msec units) for the first
cadence on-off cycle (for cadence tones). For burst tones, this parameter defines the off
time required after the burst tone ends and the tone detection is reported. For continuous
tones, this parameter is ignored.
¾
Second Signal On Time [10 msec] – ‘Signal On’ period (in 10 msec units) for the
second cadence on-off cycle. Can be omitted if there isn’t a second cadence.
¾
Second Signal Off Time [10 msec] – ‘Signal Off’ period (in 10 msec units) for the
second cadence on-off cycle. Can be omitted if there isn’t a second cadence.
¾
Third Signal On Time [10 msec] – ‘Signal On’ period (in 10 msec units) for the third
cadence ON-OFF cycle. Can be omitted if there isn’t a third cadence.
¾
Third Signal Off Time [10 msec] – ‘Signal Off’ period (in 10 msec units) for the third
cadence ON-OFF cycle. Can be omitted if there isn’t a third cadence.
¾
Forth Signal On Time [10 msec] – ‘Signal On’ period (in 10 msec units) for the forth
cadence ON-OFF cycle. Can be omitted if there isn’t a fourth cadence.
¾
Forth Signal Off Time [10 msec] – ‘Signal Off’ period (in 10 msec units) for the forth
cadence ON-OFF cycle. Can be omitted if there isn’t a fourth cadence.
¾
Carrier Freq [Hz] – the frequency of the carrier signal for AM tones.
¾
Modulation Freq [Hz] – the frequency of the modulated signal for AM tones (valid range
from 1 Hz to 128 Hz).
¾
Signal Level [-dBm] – the level of the tone for AM tones.
¾
AM Factor [steps of 0.02] – the amplitude modulation factor (valid range from 1 to 50.
Recommended values from 10 to 25).
Note 1:
When the same frequency is used for a continuous tone and a cadence
tone, the ‘Signal On Time’ parameter of the continues tone must have a
value that is greater than the ‘Signal On Time’ parameter of the cadence
tone. Otherwise the continues tone is detected instead of the cadence tone.
Note 2:
The tones frequency should differ by at least 40 Hz from one tone to other
defined tones.
For example: to configure the dial tone to 440 Hz only, define the following text:
Figure 16-2: Defining a Dial Tone Example
#Dial tone
[CALL PROGRESS TONE #1]
Tone Type=1
Tone Form =1 (continuous)
Low Freq [Hz]=440
High Freq [Hz]=0
Low Freq Level [-dBm]=10 (-10 dBm)
High Freq Level [-dBm]=32 (use 32 only if a single tone is required)
First Signal On Time [10msec]=300; the dial tone is detected after 3 sec
First Signal Off Time [10msec]=0
Second Signal On Time [10msec]=0
Second Signal Off Time [10msec]=0
16.1.2 Format of the Distinctive Ringing Section in the ini File
Distinctive Ringing is only applicable to MediaPack/FXS gateways. Using the distinctive ringing
section of this configuration file, the user can create up to 16 distinctive ringing patterns.
To instruct the gateway to play a different Ringing tone, append the string ‘-dr#’ (# can be 0 to 15)
to the Alert-Info header in the INVITE message.
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In the following examples, the MediaPack plays the Ringing tone with ‘Ringing Pattern’ equals 2.
If the number of the ‘Ringing Pattern’ isn’t found, the default Ringing tone (0) is played.
Alert-Info: <Bellcore-dr2>
Alert-Info: http://127.0.0.1/Bellcore-dr2
Each ringing pattern configures the ringing tone frequency and up to 4 ringing cadences. The
same ringing frequency is used for all the ringing pattern cadences. The ringing frequency can be
configured in the range of 10 Hz to 200 Hz with a 5 Hz resolution. Each of the ringing pattern
cadences is specified by the following parameters:
•
Burst Ring On Time – Configures the cadence to be a burst cadence in the entire ringing
pattern. The burst relates to On time and the Off time of the same cadence. It must appear
between ‘First/Second/Third/Fourth’ string and the ‘Ring On/Off Time’ This cadence rings
once during the ringing pattern. Otherwise, the cadence is interpreted as cyclic: it repeats for
every ringing cycle.
•
Ring On Time - specifies the duration of the ringing signal.
•
Ring Off Time - specifies the silence period of the cadence.
The distinctive ringing section of the ini file format contains the following strings:
•
[NUMBER OF DISTINCTIVE RINGING PATTERNS] – Contains the following key:
¾
•
‘Number of Distinctive Ringing Patterns’ defining the number of Distinctive Ringing
signals that are defined in the file.
[Ringing Pattern #X] – Contains the Xth ringing pattern definition (starting from 0 and not
exceeding the number of Distinctive Ringing patterns defined in the first section minus 1)
using the following keys:
¾
Ring Type – Must be equal to the Ringing Pattern number.
¾
Freq [Hz] – Frequency in hertz of the ringing tone.
¾
First (Burst) Ring On Time [10 msec] – ‘Ring On’ period (in 10 msec units) for the first
cadence on-off cycle.
¾
First (Burst) Ring Off Time [10 msec] – ‘Ring Off’ period (in 10 msec units) for the first
cadence on-off cycle.
¾
Second (Burst) Ring On Time [10 msec] – ‘Ring On’ period (in 10 msec units) for the
second cadence on-off cycle.
¾
Second (Burst) Ring Off Time [10 msec] – ‘Ring Off’ period (in 10 msec units) for the
second cadence on-off cycle.
¾
Third (Burst) Ring On Time [10 msec] – ‘Ring On’ period (in 10 msec units) for the
third cadence on-off cycle.
¾
Third (Burst) Ring Off Time [10 msec] – ‘Ring Off’ period (in 10 msec units) for the
third cadence on-off cycle.
¾
Fourth (Burst) Ring On Time [10 msec] – ‘Ring Off’ period (in 10 msec units) for the
forth cadence on-off cycle.
¾
Fourth (Burst) Ring Off Time [10 msec] – ‘Ring Off’ period (in 10 msec units) for the
forth cadence on-off cycle.
Note:
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In SIP the distinctive ringing pattern is selected according to Alert-Info
header that is included in INVITE message. For example: Alert-Info
<Bellcore-dr2>, or Alert-Info<http://…/Bellcore-dr2>. ‘dr2’ defines ringing
pattern # 2. If the Alert-Info header is missing, ringing pattern #1 is played.
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16.1.2.1 Examples of Various Ringing Signals
Figure 16-3: Examples of Various Ringing Signals
[NUMBER OF DISTINCTIVE RINGING PATTERNS]
Number of Ringing Patterns=3
#Regular North American Ringing Pattern
[Ringing Pattern #0]
Ring Type=0
Freq [Hz]=20
First Ring On Time [10msec]=200
First Ring Off Time [10msec]=400
#GR-506-CORE Ringing Pattern 1
[Ringing Pattern #1]
Ring Type=1
Freq [Hz]=20
First Ring On Time [10msec]=200
First Ring Off Time [10msec]=400
#GR-506-CORE Ringing Pattern 2
[Ringing Pattern #2]
Ring Type=2
Freq [Hz]=20
First Ring On Time [10msec]=80
First Ring Off Time [10msec]=40
Second Ring On Time [10msec]=80
Second Ring Off Time [10msec]=400
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16.2 Prerecorded Tones (PRT) File
The Call Progress Tones mechanism has several limitations, such as a limited number of
predefined tones and a limited number of frequency integrations in one tone. To work around
these limitations and provide tone generation capability that is more flexible, the PRT file can be
used. If a specific prerecorded tone exists in the PRT file, it takes precedence over the same tone
that exists in the CPT file and is played instead of it.
Note that the prerecorded tones are used only for generation of tones. Detection of tones is
performed according to the CPT file.
16.2.1 PRT File Format
The PRT dat file contains a set of prerecorded tones to be played by the MediaPack during
operation. Up to 40 tones (totaling approximately one minute) can be stored in a single file in
flash memory. The prerecorded tones (raw data PCM or L8 files) are prepared offline using
standard recording utilities (such as CoolEditTM) and combined into a single file using the
TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion utility (refer to Section D.1.3 on page 274).
The raw data files must be recorded with the following characteristics:
•
Coders:
G.711 A-law, G.711 µ-law or Linear PCM
•
Rate:
8 kHz
•
Resolution: 8-bit
•
Channels:
mono
The generated PRT file can then be loaded to the MediaPack using the BootP/TFTP utility (refer
to Section 5.8.2.1 on page 160) or via the Embedded Web Server (Section 5.8.2 on page 159).
The prerecorded tones are played repeatedly. This enables you to record only part of the tone
and play it for the full duration. For example, if a tone has a cadence of 2 seconds on and 4
seconds off, the recorded file should contain only these 6 seconds. The PRT module repeatedly
plays this cadence for the configured duration. Similarly, a continuous tone can be played by
repeating only part of it.
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16.3 The Coefficient Configuration File
The Coeff_FXS.dat and Coeff_FXO.dat files are used to provide best termination and
transmission quality adaptation for different line types for FXS and FXO gateways respectively.
This adaptation is performed by modifying the telephony interface characteristics (such as DC
and AC impedance, feeding current and ringing voltage).
The coeff.dat configuration file is produced specifically for each market after comprehensive
performance analysis and testing, and can be modified on request. The current file supports US
line type of 600 ohm AC impedance and (for FXS) 40 V RMS ringing voltage for REN = 2.
To load the coeff.dat file to the MediaPack use the Embedded Web Server (refer to Section 5.6.4
on page 145) or alternatively specify the FXS/FXO coeff.dat file name in the gateway’s ini file
(refer to Section 5.8.2.1 on page 160).
The Coeff.dat file consists of a set of parameters for the signal processor of the loop interface
devices. This parameter set provides control of the following AC and DC interface parameters:
•
DC (battery) feed characteristics
•
AC impedance matching
•
Transmit gain
•
Receive gain
•
Hybrid balance
•
Frequency response in transmit and receive direction
•
Hook thresholds
•
Ringing generation and detection parameters
This means, for example, that changing impedance matching or hybrid balance doesn’t require
hardware modifications, so that a single device is able to meet requirements for different markets.
The digital design of the filters and gain stages also ensures high reliability, no drifts (over
temperature or time) and simple variations between different line types.
In future software releases, it is to be expanded to consist of different sets of line parameters,
which can be selected in the ini file, for each port.
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17. Selected Technical Specifications
Selected Technical Specifications
17.1 MP-1xx Specifications
Table 17-1: MP-1xx Selected Technical Specifications (continues on pages 249 to 251)
MP-1xx/FXS Functionality
FXS Capabilities
Short or Long Haul:
MP-10x/FXS: Up to 7 km (23,000 feet) using 24 AWG line.
MP-124/FXS: Up to 6 km (20,000 feet) using 24 AWG line.
Note: The lines were tested under the following conditions: ring voltage greater than
30 Vrms, offhook loop current greater than 20 mA.
Caller ID generation: Bellcore GR-30-CORE Type 1 using Bell 202 FSK modulation,
ETSI Type 1, NTT, Denmark, India, Brazil, British and DTMF ETSI CID (ETS 300659-1).
Programmable Line Characteristics: Battery feed, line current, hook thresholds, AC
impedance matching, hybrid balance, Tx & Rx frequency response, Tx & Rx Gains.
Programmable ringing signal. Up to three cadences and frequency 10 to 200 Hz.
Drive up to 4 phones per port (total 32 phones) simultaneously in offhook and Ring
states.
MP-124 REN = 2
MP-10x REN = 5
Over-temperature protection for abnormal situations as shorted lines.
Loop-backs for testing and maintenance.
MP-1xx/FXO Functionality
FXO Capabilities
(does not apply to MP-102 and
MP-124)
Short or Long Haul.
Includes lightning and high voltage protection for outdoor operation.
Programmable Line Characteristics: AC impedance matching, hybrid balance, Tx &
Rx frequency response, Tx & Rx Gains, ring detection threshold, DC characteristics.
Caller ID detection: Bellcore GR-30-CORE Type 1 using Bell 202 FSK modulation,
ETSI Type 1, NTT, Denmark, India, Brazil, British and DTMF ETSI CID (ETS 300659-1).
Voice & Tone Characteristics
Voice Compression
G.711 PCM at 64 kbps µ-law/A-law
G.723.1 MP-MLQ at 5.3 or 6.3 kbps
G.726 at 32 kbps ADPCM
G.729 CS-ACELP 8 Kbps Annex A / B
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 msec)
(30, 60, 90 msec)
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 msec)
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 msec)
Silence Suppression
G.723.1 Annex A
G.729 Annex B
PCM and ADPCM - Standard Silence Descriptor (SID) with Proprietary Voice Activity
Detection (VAD) and Comfort Noise Generation (CNG).
Packet Loss Concealment
G.711 appendix 1
G.723.1
G.729 a/b
Echo Canceler
G.165 and G.168 2000, 25 msec with extension to 40 msec
DTMF Transport (in-band)
Mute, transfer in RTP payload or relay in compliance with RFC 2833
DTMF Detection and
Generation
Dynamic range 0 to -25 dBm, compliant with TIA 464B and Bellcore TR-NWT000506.
Call Progress Tone Detection 16 tones: single tone or dual tones, programmable frequency & amplitude; 15
and Generation
frequencies in the range 300 to 1980 Hz, 1 or 2 cadences per tone, up to 2 sets of
ON/OFF periods.
Output Gain Control
-32 dB to +31 dB in steps of 1 dB
Input Gain Control
-32 dB to +31 dB in steps of 1 dB
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Table 17-1: MP-1xx Selected Technical Specifications (continues on pages 249 to 251)
Fax and Modem Transport Modes
Real time Fax Relay
Group 3 real-time fax relay up to 14400 bps with auto fallback
Tolerant network delay (up to 9 seconds round trip delay)
T.30 (PSTN) and T.38 (IP) compliant (real-time fax)
CNG tone detection & Relay per T.38
Answer tone (CED or AnsAm) detection & Relay per T.38
Fax Transparency
Automatic fax bypass (pass-through) to G.711, ADPCM or NSE bypass mode
Modem Transparency
Automatic switching (pass-through) to PCM, ADPCM or NSE bypass mode for
modem signals (V.34 or V.90 modem detection)
Protocols
VoIP Signaling Protocol
SIP RFC 3261
Communication Protocols
RTP/RTCP packetization.
IP stack (UDP, TCP, RTP).
Remote Software load (TFTP and HTTP).
Line Signaling Protocols
Loop start, FXS and FXO
Processor
Control Processor
Motorola PowerQUICC 860
Control Processor Memory
SDRAM – 16 MB
Signal Processors
AudioCodes AC481 VoIP DSP
Interfaces
FXS Telephony Interface
2, 4, 8 or 24 Analog FXS phone or fax ports, loop start
FXO Telephony Interface
4 or 8 Analog FXO PSTN/PBX loop start ports
Network Interface
RJ-45 shielded connector, 10/100 Base-TX.
RS-232 Interface
RS-232 Terminal Interface. DB-9 connector on rear panel.
Lifeline (MP-10x/FXS)
(Special order option)
Lifeline provides a wired analog POTS phone connection to any PSTN or PBX FXS
port when there is no power, or the network fails.
Connectors & Switches
Rear Panel
24 Analog Lines (MP-124)
50-pin Telco shielded connector
8 Analog Lines (MP-108)
8 RJ-11 connectors
4 Analog Lines (MP-104)
4 RJ-11 connectors
2 Analog Lines (MP-102)
2 RJ-11 connectors
Ethernet
10/100 Base-TX, RJ-45 shielded connector
RS-232
Console port - DB-9
Front Panel
Reset
Resets the MP-1xx
Physical
MP-10x Enclosure
Dimensions
Width:
Height:
Depth:
Weight:
MP-124 Enclosure
Dimensions
1U, 19-inch Rack
Width:
Height:
Depth:
Weight:
Environmental
Operational:
Storage:
Humidity:
MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
221 mm
44.5 mm
240 mm
1.24 kg
8.7 in
1.75 in
9.5 in
2.5 lb
445 mm 17.5 in
44.5 mm 1.75 in
269 mm 10.6 in
2.24 kg 4.9 lb
-5° to 55° C
23° to 131° F
-40° to 70° C
-40° to 158° F
10 to 90% non-condensing
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17. Selected Technical Specifications
Table 17-1: MP-1xx Selected Technical Specifications (continues on pages 249 to 251)
Installation
Desk-top, shelf, or 19-inch rack mount with side brackets.
Electrical
Maximum operating voltage range 90-264 VAC
Nominal operating voltage range 100-250 VAC, 0.5A, 47-63 Hz
Type Approvals
Telecommunication
FCC part 68 & CE CTR21, ASIF S003 (FXS)
Safety and EMC
UL 60950-1, FCC part 15 Class B
CE Mark (EN 60950-1, EN 55022, EN 55024)
Management
Configuration
Gateway configuration using Web browser, CLI or ini files
Management and
Maintenance
SNMP v2c
Syslog, per RFC 3164
Local RS-232 terminal
Web Management (via HTTP)
Telnet
17.2 MP-11x Specifications
Table 17-2: MP-11x Functional Specifications (continues on pages 251 to 253)
Channel Capacity
Available Ports
MP-112R 2 ports*
MP-114 4 ports
MP-118 8 ports
* The MP-112R differs from the MP-114 and MP-118. Its configuration excludes the RS232 connector, the Lifeline option and outdoor protection.
MP-11x/FXS Functionality
Short or Long Haul (Automatic Detection):
REN2: Up to 10 km (32,800 feet) using 24 AWG line.
REN5: Up to 3.5 km (11,400 feet) using 24 AWG line.
Note: The lines were tested under the following conditions: ring voltage greater than 30
Vrms, offhook loop current greater than 20 mA (all lines ring simultaneously).
MP-11x includes lightning and high voltage protection for outdoor operation.
The following standards are supported: EN61000-4-5, EN55024 and UL60950.
FXS Capabilities
Caller ID generation: Bellcore GR-30-CORE Type 1 using Bell 202 FSK modulation,
ETSI Type 1, NTT, Denmark, India, Brazil, British and DTMF ETSI CID (ETS 300-6591).
Programmable Line Characteristics: Battery feed, line current, hook thresholds, AC
impedance matching, hybrid balance, Tx & Rx frequency response, Tx & Rx Gains.
Programmable ringing signal. Up to three cadences and frequency 15 to 200 Hz.
Drive up to 4 phones per port (total 32 phones) simultaneously in offhook and Ring
states.
MP-11x Ring Equivalent Number (REN) = 5
Over-temperature protection for abnormal situations as shorted lines.
Loop-backs for testing and maintenance.
Additional Features
Polarity Reversal / Wink
Immediate or smooth to prevent erroneous ringing
Metering Tones
12/16 KHz sinusoidal bursts
Distinctive Ringing
By frequency (15-100 Hz) and cadence patterns
Message Waiting Indication
DC voltage generation (TIA/EIA-464-B), V23 FSK data, Stutter dial tone and DTMF
based.
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Table 17-2: MP-11x Functional Specifications (continues on pages 251 to 253)
Voice & Tone Characteristics
Voice Compression
G.711 PCM at 64 kbps µ-law/A-law
G.723.1 MP-MLQ at 5.3 or 6.3 kbps
G.726 at 32 kbps ADPCM
G.729 CS-ACELP 8 Kbps Annex A / B
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 msec)
(30, 60, 90 msec)
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, 120 msec)
(10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 msec)
Silence Suppression
G.723.1 Annex A
G.729 Annex B
PCM and ADPCM - Standard Silence Descriptor (SID) with Proprietary Voice Activity
Detection (VAD) and Comfort Noise Generation (CNG).
Packet Loss Concealment
G.711 appendix 1
G.723.1
G.729 a/b
Echo Canceler
G.165 and G.168 2000, 25 msec with extension to 40 msec
Gain Control
Programmable
DTMF Transport (in-band)
Mute, transfer in RTP payload or relay in compliance with RFC 2833
DTMF Detection and
Generation
Dynamic range 0 to -25 dBm, compliant with TIA 464B and Bellcore TR-NWT-000506.
Call Progress Tone
Detection and Generation
32 tones: single tone, dual tones or AM tones, programmable frequency & amplitude; 64
frequencies in the range 300 to 1980 Hz, 1 to 4 cadences per tone, up to 4 sets of
ON/OFF periods.
Output Gain Control
-32 dB to +31 dB in steps of 1 dB
Input Gain Control
-32 dB to +31 dB in steps of 1 dB
Fax/Modem Relay
Fax Relay
Group 3 fax relay up to 14.4 kbps with auto fallback
T.38 compliant, real time fax relay
Tolerant network delay (up to 9 seconds round trip)
Modem Transparency
Auto switch to PCM or ADPCM on V.34 or V.90 modem detection
Protocols
VoIP Signaling Protocol
SIP RFC 3261
Communication Protocols
RTP/RTCP packetization.
IP stack (UDP, TCP, RTP).
Remote Software load (TFTP, HTTP and HTTPS).
Line Signaling Protocols
Loop start
Processor
Control Processor
Motorola PowerQUICC 870
Control Processor Memory
SDRAM - 32 MB
Signal Processors
AudioCodes AC482 VoIP DSP
Interfaces
FXS Telephony Interface
2, 4 or 8 Analog FXS phone or fax ports, loop start (RJ-11)
Network Interface
10/100 Base-TX
RS-232 Interface
RS-232 Terminal Interface (requires a DB-9 to PS/2 adaptor).
Indicators
Channel status and activity LEDs
Lifeline
(Special order option)
Automatic cut through of a single analog line in case of power failure
Connectors & Switches
Rear Panel
8 Analog Lines (MP-118)
8 RJ-11 connectors
4 Analog Lines (MP-114)
4 RJ-11 connectors
2 Analog Lines (MP-112)
2 RJ-11 connectors
AC power supply socket
100-240~0.3A max.
Ethernet
10/100 Base-TX, RJ-45
RS-232
Console PS/2 port
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17. Selected Technical Specifications
Table 17-2: MP-11x Functional Specifications (continues on pages 251 to 253)
Reset Button
Resets the MP-11x
Physical
Dimensions (HxWxD)
42 x 172 x 220 mm
Environmental
Operational:
Storage:
Humidity:
Mounting
Rack mount, Desktop, Wall mount.
Electrical
100-240 VAC Nominal 50/60 Hz
5° to 40° C
41° to 104° F
-25° to 70° C -77° to 158° F
10 to 90% non-condensing
Type Approvals
Safety and EMC
UL 60950, FCC part 15 Class B
CE Mark (EN 60950, EN 55022, EN 55024)
Management
Configuration
Gateway configuration using Web browser, CLI or ini files
SNMP v2c
Syslog, per RFC 3164
Management and
Maintenance
Local RS-232 terminal
Web Management via HTTP or HTTPS
Telnet
All specifications in this document are subject to change without prior notice.
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A. MediaPack SIP Software Kit
Appendix A MediaPack SIP Software Kit
Table A-1 describes the standard supplied software kit for MediaPack FXS/FXO SIP gateways.
The supplied documentation includes this User’s Manual, the MediaPack Fast Track and the
MediaPack SIP Release Notes.
Table A-1: MediaPack SIP Supplied Software Kit
File Name
Description
Ram.cmp files
MP124_SIP_xxx.cmp
Image file containing the software for the MP-124/FXS gateway.
MP108_SIP_xxx.cmp
Common Image file Image file containing the software for both MP-10x/FXS and MP10x/FXO gateways.
MP118_SIP_xxx.cmp
Common Image file Image file containing the software for MP-11x/FXS gateways.
ini files and utilities
SIPgw_MP124.ini
Sample Ini file for MP-124/FXS gateway.
SIPgw_fxs_MP108.ini
Sample ini file for MP-108/FXS gateways.
SIPgw_fxo_MP108.ini
Sample ini file for MP-108/FXO gateways.
SIPgw_fxs_MP104.ini
Sample ini file for MP-104/FXS gateways.
SIPgw_fxo_MP104.ini
Sample ini file for MP-104/FXO gateways.
SIPgw_fxs_MP102.ini
Sample ini file for MP-102/FXS gateways.
SIPgw_fxs_MP118.ini
Sample ini file for MP-118/FXS gateways.
SIPgw_fxs_MP114.ini
Sample ini file for MP-114/FXS gateways.
SIPgw_fxs_MP112.ini
Sample ini file for MP-112/FXS gateways.
Usa_tones_xx.dat
Default loadable Call Progress Tones dat file.
Usa_tones_xx.ini
Call progress Tones ini file (used to create dat file).
MP1xx_Coeff_FXS.dat
Telephony interface configuration file for MediaPack/FXS gateways.
MP10x_Coeff_FXO.dat
Telephony interface configuration file for MP-10x/FXO gateways.
DConvert240.exe
TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility
ACSyslog08.exe
Syslog server.
bootp.exe
BootP/TFTP configuration utility
CPTWizard.exe
Call Progress Tones Wizard
MIBs Files
MIB library for SNMP browser
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B. The BootP/TFTP Configuration Utility
Appendix B The BootP/TFTP Configuration Utility
The BootP/TFTP utility enables you to easily configure and provision our boards and media
gateways. Similar to third-party BootP/TFTP utilities (which are also supported) but with added
functionality; our BootP/TFTP utility can be installed on Windows™ 98 or Windows™
NT/2000/XP. The BootP/TFTP utility enables remote reset of the device to trigger the initialization
procedure (BootP and TFTP). It contains BootP and TFTP utilities with specific adaptations to our
requirements.
B.1
When to Use the BootP/TFTP
The BootP/TFTP utility can be used with the device as an alternative means of initializing the
gateways. Initialization provides a gateway with an IP address, subnet mask, and the default
gateway IP address. The tool also loads default software, ini and other configuration files. BootP
Tool can also be used to restore a gateway to its initial configuration, such as in the following
instances:
•
The IP address of the gateway is not known.
•
The Web browser has been inadvertently turned off.
•
The Web browser password has been forgotten.
•
The gateway has encountered a fault that cannot be recovered using the Web browser.
Tip:
B.2
The BootP is normally used to configure the device’s initial parameters.
Once this information has been provided, the BootP is no longer needed. All
parameters are stored in non-volatile memory and used when the BootP is
not accessible.
An Overview of BootP
BootP is a protocol defined in RFC 951 and RFC 1542 that enables an internet device to discover
its own IP address and the IP address of a BootP on the network, and to obtain the files from that
utility that need to be loaded into the device to function.
A device that uses BootP when it powers up broadcasts a BootRequest message on the network.
A BootP on the network receives this message and generates a BootReply. The BootReply
indicates the IP address that should be used by the device and specifies an IP address from
which the unit may load configuration files using Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) described in
RFC 906 and RFC 1350.
B.3
Key Features
•
Internal BootP supporting hundreds of entities.
•
Internal TFTP.
•
Contains all required data for our products in predefined format.
•
Provides a TFTP address, enabling network separation of TFTP and BootP utilities.
•
Tools to backup and restore the local database.
•
Templates.
•
User-defined names for each entity.
•
Option for changing MAC address.
•
Protection against entering faulty information.
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B.4
B.5
•
Remote reset.
•
Unicast BootP response.
•
User-initiated BootP respond, for remote provisioning over WAN.
•
Filtered display of BootP requests.
•
Location of other BootP utilities that contain the same MAC entity.
•
Common log window for both BootP and TFTP sessions.
•
Works with Windows™ 98, Windows™ NT, Windows™ 2000 and Windows™ XP.
Specifications
•
BootP standards: RFC 951 and RFC 1542
•
TFTP standards: RFC 1350 and RFC 906
•
Operating System: Windows™ 98, Windows™ NT, Windows™ 2000 and Windows™ XP
•
Max number of MAC entries: 200
Installation
¾ To install the BootP/TFTP on your computer, take these 2 steps:
1.
Locate the BootP folder on the VoIP gateway supplied CD ROM and open the file Setup.exe.
2.
Follow the prompts from the installation wizard to complete the installation.
¾ To open the BootP/TFTP, take these 2 steps:
B.6
1.
From the Start menu on your computer, navigate to Programs and then click on BootP.
2.
The first time that you run the BootP/TFTP, the program prompts you to set the user
preferences. Refer to the Section B.10 on page 261 for information on setting the
preferences.
Loading the cmp File, Booting the Device
Once the application is running, and the preferences were set (refer to Section B.10), for each
unit that is to be supported, enter parameters into the tool to set up the network configuration
information and initialization file names. Each unit is identified by a MAC address. For information
on how to configure (add, delete and edit) units, refer to Section B.11 on page 263.
¾ To load the software and configuration files, take these 4 steps:
1.
Create a folder on your computer that contains all software and configuration files that are
needed as part of the TFTP process.
2.
Set the BootP and TFTP preferences (refer to Section B.10).
3.
Add client configuration for the VoIP gateway that you want to initialize by the BootP, refer to
Section B.11.1.
4.
Reset the VoIP gateway, either physically or remotely, causing the device to use BootP to
access the network and configuration information.
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B.7
B. The BootP/TFTP Configuration Utility
BootP/TFTP Application User Interface
Figure B-1 shows the main application screen for the BootP/TFTP utility.
Figure B-1: Main Screen
Log Window
B.8
Function Buttons on the Main Screen
Pause: Click this button to pause the BootP Tool so that no replies are sent to BootP
requests. Click the button again to restart the BootP Tool so that it responds to all
BootP requests. The Pause button provides a depressed graphic when the feature is
active.
Edit Clients: Click this button to open a new window that enables you to enter
configuration information for each supported VoIP gateway. Details on the Clients
window are provided in Section B.11 on page 263.
Edit Templates: Click this button to open a new window that enables you to create or
edit standard templates. These templates can be used when configuring new clients
that share most of the same settings. Details on the Templates window are provided
in Section B.12 on page 267.
Clear Log: Click this button to clear all entries from the Log Window portion of the
main application screen. Details on the log window are provided in Section B.9 on
page 260.
Filter Clients: Click this button to prevent the BootP Tool from logging BootP requests
received from disabled clients or from clients which do not have entries in the Clients
table.
Reset: Click this button to open a new window where you enter an IP address
requests for a gateway that you want to reset. Refer to Figure B-2 below.
Figure B-2: Reset Screen
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When a gateway resets, it first sends a BootRequest. Therefore, Reset can be used to force a
BootP session with a gateway without needing to power cycle the gateway. As with any BootP
session, the computer running the BootP Tool must be located on the same subnet as the
controlled VoIP gateway.
B.9
Log Window
The log window (refer to Figure B-1 on the previous page) records all BootP request and BootP
reply transactions, as well as TFTP transactions. For each transaction, the log window displays
the following information:
•
Client: shows the Client address of the VoIP gateway, which is the MAC address of the
client for BootP transactions or the IP address of the client for TFTP transactions.
•
Date: shows the date of the transaction, based on the internal calendar of the computer.
•
Time: shows the time of day of the transaction, based on the internal clock of the computer.
•
Status: indicates the status of the transaction.
¾
Client Not Found: A BootRequest was received but there is no matching client entry in
the BootP Tool.
¾
Client Found: A BootRequest was received and there is a matching client entry in the
BootP Tool. A BootReply is sent.
¾
Client’s MAC Changed: There is a client entered for this IP address but with a different
MAC address.
¾
Client Disabled: A BootRequest was received and there is a matching client entry in the
BootP tool but this entry is disabled.
¾
Listed At: Another BootP utility is listed as supporting a particular client when the Test
Selected Client button is clicked (for details on Testing a client, refer to Section B.11.4
on page 264).
¾
Download Status: Progress of a TFTP load to a client, shown in %.
•
New IP / File: shows the IP address applied to the client as a result of the BootP transaction,
as well as the file name and path of a file transfer for a TFTP transaction.
•
Client Name: shows the client name, as configured for that client in the Client Configuration
screen.
Use right-click on a line in the Log Window to open a pop-up window with the following options:
•
Reset: Selecting this option results in a reset command being sent to the client VoIP
gateway. The program searches its database for the MAC address indicated in the line. If the
client is found in that database, the program adds the client MAC address to the Address
Resolution Protocol (ARP) table for the computer. The program then sends a reset
command to the client. This enables a reset to be sent without knowing the current IP
address of the client, as long as the computer sending the reset is on the same subnet.
Note: In order to use reset as described above, the user must have administrator privileges
on the computer. Attempting to perform this type of reset without administrator privileges on
the computer results in an error message. ARP Manipulation Enable must also be turned
on in the Preferences window.
•
View Client: Selecting this option, or double clicking on the line in the log window, opens the
Client Configuration window. If the MAC address indicated on the line exists in the client
database, it is highlighted. If the address is not in the client database, a new client is added
with the MAC address filled out. You can enter data in the remaining fields to create a new
client entry for that client.
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B. The BootP/TFTP Configuration Utility
B.10 Setting the Preferences
The Preferences window, Figure B-3, is used to configure the BootP Tool parameters.
Figure B-3: Preferences Screen
B.10.1 BootP Preferences
ARP is a common acronym for Address Resolution Protocol, and is the method used by all
Internet devices to determine the link layer address, such as the Ethernet MAC address, in order
to route Datagrams to devices that are on the same subnet.
When ARP Manipulation is enabled on this screen, the BootP Tool creates an ARP cache entry
on your computer when it receives a BootP BootRequest from the VoIP gateway. Your computer
uses this information to send messages to the VoIP gateway without using ARP again. This is
particularly useful when the gateway does not yet have an IP address and, therefore, cannot
respond to an ARP.
Because this feature creates an entry in the computer ARP cache, Administrator Privileges are
required. If the computer is not set to allow administrator privileges, ARP Manipulation cannot be
enabled.
•
ARP Manipulation Enabled: Enable ARP Manipulation to remotely reset a gateway that
does not yet have a valid IP address.
If ARP Manipulation is enabled, the following two commands are available.
•
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Reply Type: Reply to a BootRequest can be either Broadcast or Unicast. The default for
the BootP Tool is Broadcast. In order for the reply to be set to Unicast, ARP Manipulation
must first be enabled. This then enables the BootP Tool to find the MAC address for the
client in the ARP cache so that it can send a message directly to the requesting device.
Normally, this setting can be left at Broadcast.
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•
ARP Type: The type of entry made into the ARP cache on the computer, once ARP
Manipulation is enabled, can be either Dynamic or Static. Dynamic entries expire after a
period of time, keeping the cache clean so that stale entries do not consume computer
resources. The Dynamic setting is the default setting and the setting most often used. Static
entries do not expire.
•
Number of Timed Replies: This feature is useful for communicating to VoIP gateways that
are located behind a firewall that would block their BootRequest messages from getting
through to the computer that is running the BootP Tool. You can set this value to any whole
digit. Once set, the BootP Tool can send that number of BootReply messages to the
destination immediately after you send a remote reset to a VoIP gateway at a valid IP
address. This enables the replies to get through to the VoIP gateway even if the
BootRequest is blocked by the firewall. To turn off this feature, set the Number of Timed
Replies = 0.
B.10.2 TFTP Preferences
•
Enabled: To enable the TFTP functionality of the BootP Tool, check the box beside this
heading. If you want to use another TFTP application, other than the one included with the
BootP Tool, unselect the box.
•
On Interface: This pull down menu displays all network interfaces currently available on the
computer. Select the interface that you want to use for the TFTP. Normally, there is only one
choice.
•
Directory: This option is enabled only when the TFTP is enabled. Use this parameter to
specify the folder that contains the files for the TFTP utility to manage (cmp, ini, Call
Progress Tones, etc.).
•
Boot File Mask: Boot File Mask specifies the file extension used by the TFTP utility for the
boot file that is included in the BootReply message. This is the file that contains VoIP
gateway software and normally appears as cmp.
•
ini File Mask: ini File mask specifies the file extension used by the TFTP utility for the
configuration file that is included in the BootReply message. This is the file that contains
VoIP gateway configuration parameters and normally appears as ini.
•
Timeout: This specifies the number of seconds that the TFTP utility waits before
retransmitting TFTP messages. This can be left at the default value of 5 (the more
congested your network, the higher the value you should define in these fields).
•
Maximum Retransmissions: This specifies the number of times that the TFTP utility tries to
resend messages after timing out. This can be left at the default value of 10 (the more
congested your network, the higher the value you should define in these fields).
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B. The BootP/TFTP Configuration Utility
B.11 Configuring the BootP Clients
The Clients window, shown in Figure B-4 below, is used to set up the parameters for each
specific VoIP gateway.
Figure B-4: Client Configuration Screen
B.11.1 Adding Clients
Adding a client creates an entry in the BootP Tool for a specific gateway.
¾ To add a client to the list without using a template, take these 3 steps:
1.
Click on the Add New Client Icon;
a client with blank parameters is displayed.
2.
Enter values in the fields on the right side of the window, using the guidelines for the fields in
Section B.11.5 on page 265.
3.
Click Apply to save this entry to the list of clients, or click Apply & Reset to save this entry
to the list of clients and send a reset message to that gateway to immediately implement the
settings.
Note: To use Apply & Reset you must enable ARP Manipulation in the Preferences
window. Also, you must have administrator privileges for the computer you are using.
An easy way to create several clients that use similar settings is to create a template. For
information on how to create a template, refer to Section B.12 on page 267.
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¾ To add a client to the list using a template, take these 5 steps:
1.
Click on the Add New Client Icon;
a client with blank parameters is displayed.
2.
In the field Template, located on the right side of the Client Configuration Window, click
on the down arrow to the right of the entry field and select the template that you want to use.
3.
The values provided by the template are automatically entered into the parameter fields on
the right side of the Client Configuration Window. To use the template parameters, leave
the check box next to that parameter selected. The parameter values appear in gray text.
4.
To change a parameter to a different value, unselect the check box to the right of that
parameter. This clears the parameter provided by the template and enables you to edit the
entry. Clicking the check box again restores the template settings.
5.
Click Apply to save this entry to the list of clients or click Apply & Reset to save this entry to
the list of clients and send a reset message to that gateway to immediately implement the
settings.
Note: To use Apply & Reset you must enable ARP Manipulation in the Preferences
window. Also, you must have administrator privileges for the computer you are using.
B.11.2 Deleting Clients
¾ To delete a client from the BootP Tool, take these 3 steps:
1.
Select the client that you wish to delete by clicking on the line in the window for that client.
2.
Click the Delete Current Client button
3.
A warning pops up. To delete the client, click Yes.
B.11.3 Editing Client Parameters
¾ To edit the parameters for an existing client, take these 4 steps:
1.
Select the client that you wish to edit by clicking on the line in the window for that client.
2.
Parameters for that client display in the parameter fields on the right side of the window.
3.
Make the changes required for each parameter.
4.
Click Apply to save the changes, or click Apply & Reset to save the changes and send a
reset message to that gateway to immediately implement the settings.
Note: To use Apply & Reset you must enable ARP Manipulation in the Preferences
window. Also, you must have administrator privileges for the computer you are using.
B.11.4 Testing the Client
There should only be one BootP utility supporting any particular client MAC active on the network
at any time.
¾ To check if other BootP utilities support this client, take these 4 steps:
1.
Select the client that you wish to test by clicking on the client name in the main area of the
Client Configuration Window.
2.
Click the Test Selected Client button
3.
Examine the Log Window on the Main Application Screen. If there is another BootP utility
that supports this client MAC, there is a response indicated from that utility showing the
status Listed At along with the IP address of that utility.
4.
If there is another utility responding to this client, you must remove that client from either this
utility or the other one.
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B. The BootP/TFTP Configuration Utility
B.11.5 Setting Client Parameters
Client parameters are listed on the right side of the Client Configuration Window.
•
Client MAC: The Client MAC is used by BootP to identify the VoIP gateway. The MAC
address for the VoIP gateway is printed on a label located on the VoIP gateway hardware.
Enter the Ethernet MAC address for the VoIP gateway in this field. Click the box to the right
of this field to enable this particular client in the BootP tool (if the client is disabled, no replies
are sent to BootP requests).
Note: When the MAC address of an existing client is edited, a new client is added, with the
same parameters as the previous client.
•
Client Name: Enter a descriptive name for this client so that it is easier to remember which
VoIP gateway the record refers to. For example, this name could refer to the location of the
gateway.
•
Template: Click the pull down arrow if you wish to use one of the templates that you
configured. This applies the parameters from that template to the remaining fields.
Parameter values that are applied by the template are indicated by a check mark in the box
to the right of that parameter. Uncheck this box if you want to enter a different value. If
templates are not used, the box to the right of the parameters is colored gray and is not
selectable.
•
IP: Enter the IP address you want to apply to the VoIP gateway. Use the normal dotted
decimal format.
•
Subnet: Enter the subnet mask you want to apply to the VoIP gateway. Use the normal
dotted decimal format. Ensure that the subnet mask is correct. If the address is incorrect, the
VoIP gateway may not function until the entry is corrected and a BootP reset is applied.
•
Gateway: Enter the IP address for the data network gateway used on this subnet that you
want to apply to the VoIP gateway. The data network gateway is a device, such as a router,
that is used in the data network to interface this subnet to the rest of the enterprise network.
•
TFTP Server IP: This field contains the IP address of the TFTP utility that is used for file
transfer of software and initialization files to the gateway. When creating a new client, this
field is populated with the IP address used by the BootP Tool. If a different TFTP utility is to
be used, change the IP address in this field to the IP address used by the other utility.
•
Boot File: This field specifies the file name for the software (cmp) file that is loaded by the
TFTP utility to the VoIP gateway after the VoIP gateway receives the BootReply message.
The actual software file is located in the TFTP utility directory that is specified in the BootP
Preferences window. The software file can be followed by command line switches. For
information on available command line switches, refer to Section B.11.6 on page 266.
•
Version 4.6
Note 1:
Once the software file loads into the gateway, the gateway begins
functioning from that software. In order to save this software to non-volatile
memory, (only the cmp file, i.e., the compressed firmware file, can be burned
to your device's flash memory), the -fb flag must be added to the end of the
file name. If the file is not saved, the gateway reverts to the old version of
software after the next reset.
Note 2:
The Boot file field can contain up to two file names: cmp file name to be
used for load of application image and ini file name to be used for gateway
provisioning. Either one, two or no file names can appear in the Boot file
field. To use both file names use the ‘;’ separator (without blank spaces)
between the xxx.cmp and the yyy.ini files (e.g., ram.cmp;SIPgw.ini).
ini File: This field specifies the configuration ini file that the gateway uses to program its
various settings. Enter the name of the file that is loaded by the TFTP utility to the VoIP
gateway after it receives the BootReply message. The actual ini file is located in the TFTP
utility directory that is specified in the BootP Preferences window.
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B.11.6 Using Command Line Switches
You can add command line switches in the field Boot File.
¾ To use a Command Line Switch, take these 4 steps:
1.
In the field Boot File, leave the file name defined in the field as it is (e.g., ramxxx.cmp).
2.
Place your cursor after cmp.
3.
Press the space bar.
4.
Type in the switch you require.
Example: ‘ramxxx.cmp –fb’ to burn flash memory.
‘ramxxx.cmp -fb -em 4’ to burn flash memory and for Ethernet Mode 4 (auto-negotiate).
Table B-1 lists and describes the switches that are available:
Table B-1: Command Line Switch Descriptions
Switch
-fb
-em #
-br
Description
Burn ram.cmp in flash (only for cmp files)
Use this switch to set Ethernet mode.
0 = 10 Base-T half-duplex
1 = 10 Base-T full-duplex
2 = 100 Base-TX half-duplex
3 = 100 Base-TX full-duplex
4 = auto-negotiate (default)
For detailed information on Ethernet interface configuration, refer to Section 9.1 on page 193.
This parameter is used to:
Note: This switch takes effect only from the next gateway reset.
Set the number of BootP requests the gateway
sends during start-up. The gateway stops sending
BootP requests when either BootP reply is received
or number of retries is reached.
1 = 1 BootP retry, 1 second
2 = 2 BootP retries, 3 seconds
3 = 3 BootP retries, 6 seconds
4 = 10 BootP retries, 30 seconds
5 = 20 BootP retries, 60 seconds
6 = 40 BootP retries, 120 seconds
7 = 100 BootP retries, 300 seconds
15 = BootP retries indefinitely
Set the number of DHCP packets the gateway
sends.
After all packets were sent, if there's still no reply,
the gateway loads from flash.
1 = 4 DHCP packets
2 = 5 DHCP packets
3 = 6 DHCP packets (default)
4 = 7 DHCP packets
5 = 8 DHCP packets
6 = 9 DHCP packets
7 = 10 DHCP packets
15 = 18 DHCP packets
-bs
Use –bs 1 to enable the Selective BootP mechanism.
Use –bs 0 to disable the Selective BootP mechanism.
The Selective BootP mechanism (available from Boot version 1.92) enables the gateway’s integral BootP
client to filter unsolicited BootP/DHCP replies (accepts only BootP replies that contain the text ‘AUDC’ in
the vendor specific information field). This option is useful in environments where enterprise BootP/DHCP
servers provide undesired responses to the gateway’s BootP requests.
-be
Use -be 1 for the device to send device-related initial startup information (such as board type, current IP
address, software version) in the vendor specific information field (in the BootP request). This information
can be viewed in the main screen of the BootP/TFTP, under column 'Client Info‘ (refer to Figure B-1
showing BootP/TFTP main screen with the column 'Client Info' on the extreme right). For a full list of the
vendor specific Information fields, refer to Section 7.3.2 on page 167.
Note: This option is not available on DHCP servers.
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B. The BootP/TFTP Configuration Utility
B.12 Managing Client Templates
Templates can be used to simplify configuration of clients when most of the parameters are the
same.
Figure B-5: Templates Screen
¾ To create a new template, take these 4 steps:
1.
Click on the Add New Template button
2.
Fill in the default parameter values in the parameter fields.
3.
Click Apply to save this new template.
4.
Click OK when you are finished adding templates.
¾ To edit an existing template, take these 4 steps:
1.
Select the template by clicking on its name from the list of templates in the window.
2.
Make changes to the parameters, as required.
3.
Click Apply to save this new template.
4.
Click OK when you are finished editing templates.
¾ To delete an existing template, take these 3 steps:
1.
Select the template by clicking its name from the list of templates in the window.
2.
Click on the Delete Current Template button.
3.
A warning pop up message appears. To delete the template, click Yes.
Note that if this template is currently in use, the template cannot be deleted.
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C. RTP/RTCP Payload Types and Port Allocation
Appendix C RTP/RTCP Payload Types and Port
Allocation
RTP Payload Types are defined in RFC 3550 and RFC 3551. We have added new payload types
to enable advanced use of other coder types. These types are reportedly not used by other
applications.
C.1
Packet Types Defined in RFC 3551
Table C-1: Packet Types Defined in RFC 3551
C.2
Payload Type
Description
Basic Packet Rate [msec]
0
2
4
8
18
200
G.711 µ-Law
G.726-32
G.723 (6.3/5.3 kbps)
G.711 A-Law
G.729A/B
RTCP Sender Report
201
RTCP Receiver Report
10,20
10,20
30
10,20
20
Randomly, approximately every 5 seconds (when
packets are sent by channel)
Randomly, approximately every 5 seconds (when
channel is only receiving)
202
203
204
RTCP SDES packet
RTCP BYE packet
RTCP APP packet
Defined Payload Types
Table C-2: Defined Payload Types
Payload Type
Description
Basic Packet Rate [msec]
96
102
103
104
105
RFC 2833 DTMF relay
Fax Bypass
Modem Bypass
RFC 2198 (Redundancy)
NSE Bypass
20
20
20
Same as channel’s voice coder.
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C.3
Default RTP/RTCP/T.38 Port Allocation
The following table shows the default RTP/RTCP/T.38 port allocation.
Table C-3: Default RTP/RTCP/T.38 Port Allocation
Channel Number
RTP Port
RTCP Port
T.38 Port
1
6000
6001
6002
2
6010
6011
6012
3
6020
6021
6022
4
6030
6031
6032
5
6040
6041
6042
6
6050
6051
6052
7
6060
6061
6062
8
6070
6071
6072
9
6080
6081
6082
10
6090
6091
6092
11
6100
6101
6102
12
6110
6111
6112
13
6120
6121
6122
14
6130
6131
6132
15
6140
6141
6142
16
6150
6151
6152
17
6160
6161
6162
18
6170
6171
6172
19
6180
6181
6182
20
6190
6191
6192
21
6200
6201
6202
22
6210
6211
6212
23
6220
6221
6222
24
6230
6231
6232
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To configure the gateway to use the same port for both RTP and T.38
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D. Accessory Programs and Tools
Appendix D Accessory Programs and Tools
The accessory applications and tools shipped with the device provide you with friendly interfaces
that enhance device usability and smooth your transition to the new VoIP infrastructure. The
following applications are available:
D.1
•
TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility (refer to Section D.1 below).
•
Call Progress Tones Wizard (refer to Section D.1.3 on page 274).
TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility
Use the TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility to:
•
Create a loadable Call Progress Tones file (refer to Section D.1.1 on page 272).
•
Encode / decode an ini file (refer to Section D.1.2 on page 273).
•
Create a loadable Prerecorded Tones file (refer to Section D.1.3 on page 274).
Figure D-1: TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility Opening Screen
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D.1.1
Converting a CPT ini File to a Binary dat File
For detailed information on creating a CPT ini file, refer to Section 16.1 on page 241.
¾ To convert a CPT ini file to a binary dat file, take these 10 steps:
1.
Execute the TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility, DConvert240.exe (supplied with
the software package); the utility’s main screen opens (shown in Figure D-1).
2.
Click the Process Call Progress Tones File(s) button; the ‘Call Progress Tones’ screen,
shown in Figure D-2, opens.
Figure D-2: Call Progress Tones Conversion Screen
3.
Click the Select File… button that is in the ‘Call Progress Tone File’ box.
4.
Navigate to the folder that contains the CPT ini file you want to convert.
5.
Click the ini file and click the Open button; the name and path of both the ini file and the
(output) dat file appears in the fields below the Select File button.
6.
Enter the Vendor Name, Version Number and Version Description in the corresponding
required fields under the ‘User Data’ section.
7.
Set ‘CPT Version’ to ‘Version 1’ only if you use this utility with a version released before
version 4.4 of the device software (this field is used to maintain backward compatibility).
8.
Check the ‘Use dBm units for Tone Levels’ check box. Note that the levels of the Call
Progress Tones (in the CPT file) must be in -dBm units.
9.
Click the Make File button; you’re prompted that the operation (conversion) was successful.
10. Close the application.
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D.1.2
D. Accessory Programs and Tools
Encoding / Decoding an ini File
For detailed information on secured ini file, refer to Section 6.1 on page 163.
¾ To encode an ini file, take these 6 steps:
1.
Execute the TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion Utility, DConvert240.exe (supplied with
the software package); the utility’s main screen opens (shown in Figure D-1).
2.
Click the Process Encoded/Decoded ini file(s) button; the ‘Encode/Decode ini File(s)’
screen, shown in Figure D-3, opens.
Figure D-3: Encode/Decode ini File(s) Screen
3.
Click the Select File… button under the ‘Encode ini File(s)’ section.
4.
Navigate to the folder that contains the ini file you want to encode.
5.
Click the ini file and click the Open button; the name and path of both the ini file and the
output encoded file appear in the fields under the Select File button. Note that the name and
extension of the output file can be modified.
6.
Click the Encode File(s) button; an encoded ini file with the name and extension you
specified is created.
¾ To decode an encoded ini file, take these 4 steps:
1.
Click the Select File… button under the ‘Decode ini File(s)’ section.
2.
Navigate to the folder that contains the file you want to decode.
3.
Click the file and click the Open button. the name and path of both the encode ini file and the
output decoded file appear in the fields under the Select File button. Note that the name of
the output file can be modified.
4.
Click the Decode File(s) button; a decoded ini file with the name you specified is created.
Note that the decoding process verifies the input file for validity. Any change made to the
encoded file causes an error and the decoding process is aborted.
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D.1.3
Creating a Loadable Prerecorded Tones File
For detailed information on the PRT file, refer to Section 16.2 on page 246.
¾ To create a loadable PRT dat file from your raw data files, take these 7
steps:
1.
Prepare the prerecorded tones (raw data PCM or L8) files you want to combine into a single
dat file using standard recording utilities.
2.
Execute the TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion utility, DConvert240.exe (supplied with
the software package); the utility’s main screen opens (shown in Figure D-1).
3.
Click the Process Prerecorded Tones File(s) button; the Prerecorded Tones File(s) screen,
shown in Figure D-4, opens.
Figure D-4: Prerecorded Tones Screen
4.
To add the prerecorded tone files (you created in Step 1) to the ‘Prerecorded Tones’ screen
follow one of these procedures:
¾
Select the files and drag them to the ‘Prerecorded Tones’ screen.
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¾
5.
D. Accessory Programs and Tools
Click the Add File(s) button; the ‘Select Files’ screen opens. Select the required
Prerecorded Tone files and press the Add>> button. Close the ‘Select Files’ screen.
For each raw data file, define a Tone Type, a Coder and a Default Duration by completing
the following steps:
¾
Double-click or right-click the required file; the ‘File Data’ window (shown in Figure D-5)
appears.
¾
From the ‘Type’ drop-down list, select the tone type this raw data file is associated with.
¾
From the ‘Coder’ drop-down list, select the coder that corresponds to the coder this raw
data file was originally recorded with.
¾
In the ‘Description’ field, enter additional identifying information (optional).
¾
In the ’Default’ field, enter the default duration this raw data file is repeatedly played.
¾
Close the ‘File Data’ window (press the Esc key to cancel your changes); you are
returned to the Prerecorded Tones File(s) screen.
Figure D-5: File Data Window
6.
In the ‘Output’ field, specify the output directory in which the PRT file is generated followed
by the name of the PRT file (the default name is prerecordedtones.dat). Alternatively, use
the Browse button to select a different output file. Navigate to the desired file and select it;
the selected file name and its path appear in the ‘Output’ field.
7.
Click the Make File(s) button; the Progress bar at the bottom of the window is activated. The
dat file is generated and placed in the directory specified in the ‘Output’ field. A message box
informing you that the operation was successful indicates that the process is completed.
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D.2
Call Progress Tones Wizard
This section describes the Call Progress Tones Wizard (CPTWizard), an application designed to
facilitate the provisioning of an MediaPack/FXO gateway by recording and analyzing Call
Progress Tones generated by any PBX or telephone network.
D.2.1
About the Call Progress Tones Wizard
The Call Progress Tones wizard helps detect the Call Progress Tones generated by your PBX (or
telephone exchange) and creates a basic Call Progress Tones ini file (containing definitions for all
relevant Call Progress Tones), providing a good starting point when configuring an
MediaPack/FXO gateway. This ini file can then be converted to a dat file that can be loaded to the
gateway using the TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion utility.
To use this wizard, an MediaPack/FXO gateway connected to your PBX with 2 physical phone
lines is required. This gateway must be configured with factory-default settings and shouldn’t be
used for phone calls during the operation of the wizard.
Note that firmware version 4.2 and above is required on the gateway.
D.2.2
Installation
The CPTWizard can be installed on any Windows 2000 or Windows XP based PC. Windowscompliant networking and audio peripherals are required for full functionality.
To install the CPTWizard, copy the files from the supplied installation kit to any folder on your PC.
No further setup is required (approximately 5 MB of hard disk space are required).
D.2.3
Initial Settings
¾ To start the CPTWizard, take these 5 steps:
1.
Execute the CPTWizard.exe file; the wizard’s initial settings screen is displayed.
Figure D-6: Initial Settings Screen
2.
Enter the IP address of the MediaPack/FXO gateway you are using.
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3.
Select the gateway’s ports that are connected to your PBX, and specify the phone number of
each extension.
4.
In the Invalid phone number field, enter a number that generates a ‘fast busy’ tone when
dialed. Usually, any incorrect phone number should cause a ‘fast busy’ tone.
5.
Press Next.
Note:
D.2.4
D. Accessory Programs and Tools
The CPTWizard communicates with the FXO gateway via TPNCP
(TrunkPack Network Control Protocol). If this protocol has been disabled in
the gateway configuration, the CPTWizard doesn’t display the next screen
and an error is reported.
Recording Screen – Automatic Mode
After the connection to the MediaPack/FXO gateway is established, the recording screen is
displayed.
Figure D-7: Recording Screen –Automatic Mode
¾ To start recording in automatic mode:
Press the Start Automatic Configuration button; the wizard starts the following Call Progress
Tones detection sequence (the operation takes approximately 60 seconds to complete):
1.
Sets port 1 offhook, listens to the dial tone
2.
Sets port 1 and port 2 offhook, dials the number of port 2, listens to the busy tone
3.
Sets port 1 offhook, dials the number of port 2, listens to the Ringback tone
4.
Sets port 1 offhook, dials an invalid number, listens to the reorder tone
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5.
The wizard then analyzes the recorded Call Progress Tones and displays a message
specifying the tones that were detected (by the gateway) and analyzed (by the wizard)
correctly. At the end of a successful detection operation, the detected Call Progress Tones
are displayed in the Tones Analyzed pane (refer to Figure D-8).
Figure D-8: Recording Screen after Automatic Detection
6.
All four Call Progress Tones are saved (as standard A-law PCM at 8000 bits per sample) in
the same directory as the CPTWizard.exe file is located, with the following names:
¾
cpt_recorded_dialtone.pcm
¾
cpt_recorded_busytone.pcm
¾
cpt_recorded_ringtone.pcm
¾
cpt_recorded_invalidtone.pcm
Note 1:
If the gateway is configured correctly (with a Call Progress Tones dat file
loaded to the gateway), all four Call Progress Tones are detected by the
gateway. By noting whether the gateway detects the tones or not, you can
determine how well the Call Progress Tones dat file matches your PBX.
During the first run of the CPTWizard, it is likely that the gateway does not
detect any tones.
Note 2:
Some tones cannot be detected by the MediaPack gateway hardware (such
as 3-frequency tones and complex cadences). CPTWizard is therefore
limited to detecting only those tones that can be detected on the MediaPack
gateway.
At this stage, you can either press Next to generate a Call Progress Tones ini file and terminate
the wizard, or continue to manual recording mode.
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D.2.5
D. Accessory Programs and Tools
Recording Screen – Manual Mode
In manual mode you can record and analyze tones, included in the Call Progress Tones ini file, in
addition to those tones analyzed when in automatic mode.
¾ To start recording in manual mode, take these 6 steps:
1.
Press the Manual tab at the top of the recording screen, the manual recording screen is
displayed.
Figure D-9: Recording Screen - Manual Mode
2.
Check the play-through check box to hear the tones through your PC speakers.
3.
Press the Go offhook button, enter a number to dial in the Dial field, and press the Dial
button. When you’re ready to record, press the Start Recording button; when the desired
tone is complete, press Stop Recording. (The recorded tone is saved as
‘cpt_manual_tone.pcm’.)
Note:
D.2.6
Due to some PC audio hardware limitations, you may hear ‘clicks’ in playthrough mode. It is safe to ignore these clicks.
4.
Select the tone type from the drop-down list and press Analyze recorded tone; the
analyzed tone is added to the Tones analyzed list at the bottom of the screen. It is possible
to record and analyze several different tones for the same tone type (e.g., different types of
‘busy’ signal).
5.
Repeat the process for more tones, as necessary.
6.
When you’re finished adding tones to the list, press Next to generate a Call Progress Tones
ini file and terminate the wizard.
The Call Progress Tones ini File
After the Call Progress Tones detection is complete, a text file named call_progress_tones.ini is
created in the same directory as the directory in which the CPTWizard.exe is located. This file
contains:
•
Version 4.6
Information about each tone that was recorded and analyzed by the wizard. This information
includes frequencies and cadence (on/off) times, and is required for using this file with the
TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion utility.
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Figure D-10: Call Progress Tone Properties
[CALL PROGRESS TONE #1]
Tone Type=1
Low Freq [Hz]=350
High Freq [Hz]=440
Low Freq Level [-dBm]=0
High Freq Level [-dBm]=0
First Signal On Time [10msec]=0
First Signal Off Time [10msec]=0
Second Signal On Time [10msec]=0
Second Signal Off Time [10msec]=0
•
Information related to possible matches of each tone with the CPTWizard’s internal database
of well-known tones. This information is specified as comments in the file, and is ignored by
the TrunkPack Downloadable Conversion utility.
Figure D-11: Call Progress Tone Database Matches
# Recorded tone: Busy Tone (automatic configuration)
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Anguilla, Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Antigua and Barbuda, Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Barbados, Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Bermuda, Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU British Virgin Islan, Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Canada, Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Dominica (Commonweal, Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Hongkong, China, Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Jamaica, Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Korea (Republic of), Tone name=Busy tone
## Matches: PBX name=ITU Montserrat, Tone name=Busy tone
•
Information related to matches of all tones recorded with the CPTWizard’s internal database.
The database is scanned to find one or more PBX definitions that match all recorded tones
(i.e., dial tone, busy tone, ringing tone, reorder tone and any other manually-recorded tone –
all match the definitions of the PBX). If a match is found, the entire PBX definition is reported
(as comments) in the ini file using the same format.
Figure D-12: Full PBX/Country Database Match
## Some tones matched PBX/country Audc US
## Additional database tones guessed below (remove #'s to use).
#
# # Audc US, US Ringback tone
# [CALL PROGRESS TONE #5]
# Tone Type=2
# Low Freq [Hz]=450
# High Freq [Hz]=500
# Low Freq Level [-dBm]=0
# High Freq Level [-dBm]=0
# First Signal On Time [10msec]=180
# First Signal Off Time [10msec]=450
# Second Signal On Time [10msec]=0
# Second Signal Off Time [10msec]=0
Note 1:
If a match is found in the database, consider using the database’s definitions
instead of the recorded definitions, as they might be more accurate.
Note 2
For full operability of the MediaPack/FXO gateway, it may be necessary to
edit this file and add more Call Progress Tone definitions. Sample Call
Progress Tones ini files are available in the release package.
Note 3:
When the CPT ini file is complete, use the TrunkPack Downloadable
Conversion utility to create a loadable CPT dat file. After loading this file to
the gateway, repeat the automatic detection procedure discussed above,
and verify that the gateway detects all four Call Progress Tones correctly.
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E. SNMP Traps
Appendix E SNMP Traps
This section provides information on proprietary SNMP traps currently supported by the gateway.
There is a separation between traps that are alarms and traps that are not (logs). Currently all
have the same structure made up of the same 11 varbinds (Variable Binding)
(1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.21.1).
The source varbind is composed of a string that details the component from which the trap is
being sent (forwarded by the hierarchy in which it resides). For example, an alarm from an SS7
link has the following string in its source varbind:
acBoard#1/SS7#0/SS7Link#6
In this example, the SS7 link number is specified as 6 and is part of the only SS7 module in the
device that is placed in slot number 1 (in a chassis) and is the module to which this trap relates.
For devices where there are no chassis options the slot number of the gateway is always 1.
E.1
Alarm Traps
The following tables provide information on alarms that are raised as a result of a generated
SNMP trap. The component name (described in each of the following headings) refers to the
string that is provided in the ‘acBoardTrapGlobalsSource’ trap varbind. To clear a generated
alarm the same notification type is sent but with the severity set to ‘cleared’.
E.1.1
Component: Board#<n>
<n> is the slot number when the gateway resides in a chassis and is 1 when it is a stand alone
device.
Table E-1: acBoardFatalError Alarm Trap
Alarm:
acBoardFatalError
OID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.21.2.0.1
Default Severity
Critical
Event Type:
equipmentAlarm
Probable Cause:
underlyingResourceUnavailable (56)
Alarm Text:
Board Fatal Error: <text>
Status Changes:
Condition:
Any fatal error
Alarm status:
Critical
<text> value:
A run-time specific string describing the fatal error
Condition:
After fatal error
Alarm status:
Status stays critical until reboot. A clear trap is not sent.
Corrective Action:
Capture the alarm information and the Syslog clause, if active. Contact your first-level
support group. The support group will likely want to collect additional data from the
device and perform a reset.
Table E-2: acBoardEvResettingBoard Alarm Trap
Alarm:
acBoardEvResettingBoard
OID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.21.2.0.5
Default Severity
critical
Event Type:
equipmentAlarm
Probable Cause:
outOfService (71)
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Table E-2: acBoardEvResettingBoard Alarm Trap
Alarm Text:
User resetting board
Status Changes:
Condition:
When a soft reset is triggered via the Web interface or SNMP.
Alarm status:
Critical
Condition:
After raise
Alarm status:
Status stays critical until reboot. A clear trap is not sent.
Corrective Action:
A network administrator has taken action to reset the device. No corrective action is
required.
Table E-3: acBoardCallResourcesAlarm Alarm Trap
Alarm:
acBoardCallResourcesAlarm
OID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.21.2.0.8
Default Severity
Major
Event Type:
processingErrorAlarm
Probable Cause:
softwareError (46)
Alarm Text:
Call resources alarm
Status Changes:
Condition:
Number of free channels exceeds the predefined RAI high threshold.
Alarm Status:
Major
Note:
To enable this alarm the RAI mechanism must be activated (EnableRAI = 1).
Condition:
Number of free channels falls below the predefined RAI low threshold.
Alarm Status:
Cleared
Table E-4: acBoardControllerFailureAlarm Alarm Trap
Alarm:
acBoardControllerFailureAlarm
OID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.21.2.0.9
Default Severity
Minor
Event Type:
processingErrorAlarm
Probable Cause:
softwareError (46)
Alarm Text:
Controller failure alarm
Status Changes:
Condition:
Proxy has not been found
Alarm Status:
Major
Additional Info:
Proxy not found. Use internal routing
or
Proxy lost. looking for another Proxy
Condition:
Proxy is found.
The clear message includes the IP address of the located Proxy.
Alarm Status:
Cleared
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E. SNMP Traps
Table E-5: acBoardOverloadAlarm Alarm Trap
Alarm:
acBoardOverloadAlarm
OID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.21.2.0.11
Default Severity
Major
Event Type:
processingErrorAlarm
Probable Cause:
softwareError (46)
Alarm Text:
Board overload alarm
Status Changes:
Condition:
An overload condition exists in one or more of the system components.
Alarm Status:
Major
Condition:
The overload condition passed
Alarm Status:
Cleared
E.1.2
Component: AlarmManager#0
Table E-6: acActiveAlarmTableOverflow Alarm Trap
Alarm:
acActiveAlarmTableOverflow
OID:
1.3.6.1.4.15003.9.10.1.21.2.0.12
Default Severity
Major
Event Type:
processingErrorAlarm
Probable Cause:
resourceAtOrNearingCapacity (43)
Alarm Text:
Active alarm table overflow
Status Changes:
Condition:
Too many alarms to fit in the active alarm table
Alarm status:
Major
Condition:
After raise
Alarm status:
Status stays major until reboot. A clear trap is not sent.
Note:
The status stays major until reboot as it denotes a possible loss of information until the
next reboot. If an alarm is raised when the table is full, it is possible that the alarm is
active, but does not appear in the active alarm table.
Corrective Action:
Some alarm information may have been lost, but the ability of the device to perform its
basic operations has not been impacted. A reboot is the only way to completely clear a
problem with the active alarm table. Contact your first-level group.
E.1.3
Component: EthernetLink#0
This trap relates to the Ethernet Link Module (the #0 numbering doesn’t apply to the physical
Ethernet link).
Table E-7: acBoardEthernetLinkAlarm Alarm Trap
Alarm:
acBoardEthernetLinkAlarm
OID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.21.2.0.10
Default Severity
Critical
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Table E-7: acBoardEthernetLinkAlarm Alarm Trap
Event Type:
equipmentAlarm
Probable Cause:
underlyingResourceUnavailable (56)
Alarm Text:
Ethernet link alarm: <text>
Status Changes:
Condition:
Fault on single interface
Alarm status:
major
<text> value:
Redundant link is down
Condition:
Fault on both interfaces
Alarm status:
critical
<text> value:
No Ethernet link
Condition:
Both interfaces are operational
Alarm status:
cleared
Corrective Action:
Ensure that both Ethernet cables are plugged into the back of the system. Inspect the
system’s Ethernet link lights to determine which interface is failing. Reconnect the cable
or fix the network problem
E.1.4
Log Traps (Notifications)
This section details traps that are not alarms. These traps are sent with the severity varbind value
of ‘indeterminate’. These traps don’t ‘clear’, they don’t appear in the alarm history or active tables.
One log trap that does send clear is acPerformanceMonitoringThresholdCrossing.
Table E-8: acPerformanceMonitoringThresholdCrossing Log Trap
Alarm:
acPerformanceMonitoringThresholdCrossing
OID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.21.2.0.27
Default Severity
Indeterminate
Event Type:
other (0)
Probable Cause:
other (0)
Alarm Text:
"Performance: Threshold alarm was set”, with source = name of performance counter
which caused the trap
Status Changes:
Condition:
A performance counter has crossed the high threshold
Trap status:
Indeterminate
Condition:
A performance counter has crossed the low threshold
Trap status:
cleared
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E.1.5
E. SNMP Traps
Other Traps
The following are provided as SNMP traps and are not alarms.
Table E-9: coldStart Trap
Trap Name:
coldStart
OID:
1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1
MIB
SNMPv2-MIB
Note:
This is a trap from the standard SNMP MIB.
Table E-10: authenticationFailure Trap
authenticationFailure
Trap Name:
OID:
1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.5
MIB
SNMPv2-MIB
Table E-11: acBoardEvBoardStarted Trap
Trap Name:
acBoardEvBoardStarted
OID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.9.10.1.21.2.0.4
MIB
AcBoard
Severity
cleared
Event Type:
equipmentAlarm
Probable Cause:
Other(0)
Alarm Text:
Initialization Ended
Note:
This is the AudioCodes Enterprise application cold start trap.
E.1.6
Trap Varbinds
Each trap described above provides the following fields (known as ‘varbinds’). Refer to the
AcBoard MIB for additional details on these varbinds.
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsName
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsTextualDescription
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsSource
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsSeverity
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsUniqID
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsType
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsProbableCause
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsAdditionalInfo1
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsAdditionalInfo2
•
acBoardTrapGlobalsAdditionalInfo3
Note that ‘acBoardTrapGlobalsName’ is actually a number. The value of this varbind is ‘X’ minus
1, where ‘X’ is the last number in the trap’s OID. For example, the ‘name’ of
‘acBoardEthernetLinkAlarm’ is ‘9’. The OID for ‘acBoardEthernetLinkAlarm’ is 1.3.6.1.4.1.5003.
9.10.1.21.2.0.10.
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Reader’s Notes
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F. Regulatory Information
Appendix F Regulatory Information
F.1
MP-1xx FXS
Declaration of Conformity
Application of Council Directives:
73/23/EEC (including amendments),
89/336/EEC (including amendments),
Standards to which Conformity is Declared:
EN55022: 1998, Class B
EN55024:1998
EN61000-3-2: 1995
EN60950: 2000
(including amendments A1: 1998, A2: 1998, A14: 2000)
EN61000-3-3: 1995
Manufacturer’s Name:
AudioCodes Ltd.
Manufacturer’s Address:
1 Hayarden Street, Airport City, Lod 70151, Israel.
Type of Equipment:
Analog VoIP System.
Model Numbers:
MP-1xx/FXS
(xx- may represent 02,04,08)
I, the undersigned, hereby declare that the equipment specified above conforms to the above Directives and Standards.
th
11 February, 2005 Airport City, Lod, Israel
Signature
I. Zusmanovich, Compliance Engineering Manager
Czech
Date (Day/Month/Year)
Location
[AudioCodes Ltd] tímto prohlašuje, že tento [MP-1xx/FXS series] je ve shodě se základními požadavky a dalšími příslušnými ustanoveními směrnice
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Danish
Undertegnede [AudioCodes Ltd] erklærer herved, at følgende udstyr [MP-1xx/FXS Series] overholder de væsentlige krav og øvrige relevante krav i direktiv
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Dutch
Hierbij verklaart [AudioCodes Ltd] dat het toestel [MP-1xx/FXS Series] in overeenstemming is met de essentiële eisen en de andere relevante bepalingen van
richtlijn 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
English
Hereby, [AudioCodes Ltd], declares that this [MP-1xx/FXS Series] is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Estonian
Käesolevaga kinnitab [AudioCodes Ltd] seadme [MP-1xx/FXS Series] vastavust direktiivi 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC põhinõuetele ja nimetatud direktiivist
tulenevatele teistele asjakohastele sätetele.
Finnish
[AudioCodes Ltd] vakuuttaa täten että [MP-1xx/FXS Series] tyyppinen laite on direktiivin 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC oleellisten vaatimusten ja sitä koskevien
direktiivin muiden ehtojen mukainen.
French
Par la présente [AudioCodes Ltd] déclare que l'appareil [MP-1xx/FXS Series] est conforme aux exigences essentielles et aux autres dispositions pertinentes
de la directive 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
German
Hiermit erklärt [AudioCodes Ltd], dass sich dieser/diese/dieses [MP-1xx/FXS Series] in Übereinstimmung mit den grundlegenden Anforderungen und den
anderen relevanten Vorschriften der Richtlinie 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC befindet". (BMWi)
Greek
ΜΕ ΤΗΝ ΠΑΡΟΥΣΑ [AudioCodes Ltd] ∆ΗΛΩΝΕΙ ΟΤΙ [MP-1xx/FXS Series] ΣΥΜΜΟΡΦΩΝΕΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΙΣ ΟΥΣΙΩ∆ΕΙΣ ΑΠΑΙΤΗΣΕΙΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΙΣ ΛΟΙΠΕΣ
ΣΧΕΤΙΚΕΣ ∆ΙΑΤΑΞΕΙΣ ΤΗΣ Ο∆ΗΓΙΑΣ 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Hungarian
Alulírott, [AudioCodes Ltd] nyilatkozom, hogy a [MP-1xx/FXS Series] megfelel a vonatkozó alapvetõ követelményeknek és az 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
irányelv egyéb elõírásainak
Icelandic
æki þetta er í samræmi við tilskipun Evrópusambandsins 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Italian
Con la presente [AudioCodes Ltd] dichiara che questo (MP-1xx/FXS Series) è conforme ai requisiti essenziali ed alle altre disposizioni pertinenti stabilite dalla
direttiva 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Latvian
Ar šo [AudioCodes Ltd] deklarē, ka [MP-1xx/FXS Series] atbilst Direktīvas 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC būtiskajām prasībām un citiem ar to saistītajiem
noteikumiem.
Lithuanian
[AudioCodes Ltd] deklaruoja, kad irenginys [MP-1xx/FXS Series] tenkina 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC Direktyvos esminius reikalavimus ir kitas sios direktyvos
nuostatas
Maltese
Hawnhekk, [AudioCodes Ltd], jiddikjara li dan [MP-1xx/FXS Series] jikkonforma mal-ħtiġijiet essenzjali u ma provvedimenti oħrajn relevanti li hemm fidDirrettiva 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Norwegian
Dette produktet er i samhørighet med det Europeiske Direktiv 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Polish
[AudioCodes Ltd], deklarujemy z pelna odpowiedzialnoscia, ze wyrób [MP-1xx/FXS Series] spelnia podstawowe wymagania i odpowiada warunkom
zawartym w dyrektywie 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Portuguese
[AudioCodes Ltd] declara que este [MP-1xx/FXS Series] está conforme com os requisitos essenciais e outras disposições da Directiva 89/336/EEC,
73/23/EEC.
Slovak
[AudioCodes Ltd] týmto vyhlasuje, že [MP-1xx/FXS Series] spĺňa základné požiadavky a všetky príslušné ustanovenia Smernice 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Slovene
Šiuo [AudioCodes Ltd] deklaruoja, kad šis [MP-1xx/FXS Series] atitinka esminius reikalavimus ir kitas 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC Direktyvos nuostatas.
Spanish
Por medio de la presente [AudioCodes Ltd] declara que el (MP-1xx/FXS Series) cumple con los requisitos esenciales y cualesquiera otras disposiciones
aplicables o exigibles de la Directiva 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Swedish
Härmed intygar [AudioCodes Ltd] att denna [MP-1xx/FXS Series] står I överensstämmelse med de väsentliga egenskapskrav och övriga relevanta
bestämmelser som framgår av direktiv 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
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Safety Notice
Installation and service of this card must only be performed by authorized, qualified service personnel.
The protective earth terminal on the back of the MP-1xx must be permanently connected to protective earth.
Telecommunication Safety
The safety status of each port on the gateway is declared and detailed in the table below:
Ports
Safety Status
Ethernet (100 Base-TX)
SELV
FXS (ODP P/N’s)
TNV-3
FXS
TNV-2
TNV-3:
Circuit whose normal operating voltages exceeds the limits for an SELV circuit under normal operating conditions
and on which over voltages from Telecommunication Networks are possible
TNV-2:
Circuit whose normal operating voltages exceeds the limits for an SELV circuit under normal operating conditions
and is not subjected to over voltages from Telecommunication Networks
SELV:
Safety extra low voltage circuit.
FCC Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates uses and can and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However there is no guarantee that interference will not
occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
F.2
MP-1xx FXO
Declaration of Conformity
Application of Council Directives:
73/23/EEC (including amendments),
89/336/EEC (including amendments),
1999/5/EC Annex-II of the Directive
Standards to which Conformity is Declared:
EN55022: 1998, Class B
EN55024:1998
EN61000-3-2: 1995
(including amendments A1: 1998, A2: 1998, A14: 2000)
EN61000-3-3: 1995
EN60950: 2000
TBR-21: 1998
Manufacturer’s Name:
AudioCodes Ltd.
Manufacturer’s Address:
1 Hayarden Street, Airport City, Lod 70151, Israel.
Type of Equipment:
Analog VoIP System.
Model Numbers:
MP-1xx/FXO
(xx- may represent 02, 04, 08)
I, the undersigned, hereby declare that the equipment specified above conforms to the above Directives and Standards.
th
Signature
11 February 2005
Date (Day/Month/Year)
Airport City, Lod, Israel
Location
I. Zusmanovich, Compliance Engineering Manager
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F. Regulatory Information
Czech
[AudioCodes Ltd] tímto prohlašuje, že tento [MP-1xx/FXO] je ve shodě se základními požadavky a dalšími příslušnými ustanoveními směrnice 1999/5/ES."
Danish
Undertegnede [AudioCodes Ltd] erklærer herved, at følgende udstyr [MP-1xx/FXO] overholder de væsentlige krav og øvrige relevante krav i direktiv
1999/5/EF
Dutch
Hierbij verklaart [AudioCodes Ltd] dat het toestel [MP-1xx/FXO] in overeenstemming is met de essentiële eisen en de andere relevante bepalingen van
richtlijn 1999/5/EG
English
Hereby, [AudioCodes Ltd], declares that this [MP-1xx/FXO] is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive
1999/5/EC.
Estonian
Käesolevaga kinnitab [AudioCodes Ltd] seadme [MP-1xx/FXO] vastavust direktiivi 1999/5/EÜ põhinõuetele ja nimetatud direktiivist tulenevatele teistele
asjakohastele sätetele.
Finnish
[AudioCodes Ltd] vakuuttaa täten että [MP-1xx/FXO] tyyppinen laite on direktiivin 1999/5/EY oleellisten vaatimusten ja sitä koskevien direktiivin muiden
ehtojen mukainen.
French
Par la présente [AudioCodes Ltd] déclare que l'appareil [MP-1xx/FXO] est conforme aux exigences essentielles et aux autres dispositions pertinentes de
la directive 1999/5/CE
German
Hiermit erklärt [AudioCodes Ltd], dass sich dieser/diese/dieses [MP-1xx/FXO] in Übereinstimmung mit den grundlegenden Anforderungen und den
anderen relevanten Vorschriften der Richtlinie 1999/5/EG befindet". (BMWi)
Greek
ΜΕ ΤΗΝ ΠΑΡΟΥΣΑ [AudioCodes Ltd] ∆ΗΛΩΝΕΙ ΟΤΙ [MP-1xx/FXO] ΣΥΜΜΟΡΦΩΝΕΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΙΣ ΟΥΣΙΩ∆ΕΙΣ ΑΠΑΙΤΗΣΕΙΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΙΣ ΛΟΙΠΕΣ
ΣΧΕΤΙΚΕΣ ∆ΙΑΤΑΞΕΙΣ ΤΗΣ Ο∆ΗΓΙΑΣ 1999/5/ΕΚ
Hungarian
Alulírott, [AudioCodes Ltd] nyilatkozom, hogy a [MP-1xx/FXO] megfelel a vonatkozó alapvetõ követelményeknek és az 1999/5/EC irányelv egyéb
elõírásainak
Icelandic
æki þetta er í samræmi við tilskipun Evrópusambandsins 1999/5
Italian
Con la presente [AudioCodes Ltd] dichiara che questo (MP-1xx/FXO) è conforme ai requisiti essenziali ed alle altre disposizioni pertinenti stabilite dalla
direttiva 1999/5/CE.
Latvian
Ar šo [AudioCodes Ltd] deklarē, ka [MP-1xx/FXO] atbilst Direktīvas 1999/5/EK būtiskajām prasībām un citiem ar to saistītajiem noteikumiem.
Lithuanian
[AudioCodes Ltd] deklaruoja, kad irenginys [MP-1xx/FXO] tenkina 1999/5/EB Direktyvos esminius reikalavimus ir kitas sios direktyvos nuostatas
Maltese
Hawnhekk, [AudioCodes Ltd], jiddikjara li dan [MP-1xx/FXO] jikkonforma mal-ħtiġijiet essenzjali u ma provvedimenti oħrajn relevanti li hemm fid-Dirrettiva
1999/5/EC
Norwegian
Dette produktet er i samhørighet med det Europeiske Direktiv 1999/5
Polish
[AudioCodes Ltd], deklarujemy z pelna odpowiedzialnoscia, ze wyrób [MP-1xx/FXO] spelnia podstawowe wymagania i odpowiada warunkom zawartym w
dyrektywie 1999/5/EC
Portuguese
[AudioCodes Ltd] declara que este [MP-1xx/FXO] está conforme com os requisitos essenciais e outras disposições da Directiva 1999/5/CE.
Slovak
[AudioCodes Ltd] týmto vyhlasuje, že [MP-1xx/FXO] spĺňa základné požiadavky a všetky príslušné ustanovenia Smernice 1999/5/ES.
Slovene
Šiuo [AudioCodes Ltd] deklaruoja, kad šis [MP-1xx/FXO] atitinka esminius reikalavimus ir kitas 1999/5/EB Direktyvos nuostatas.
Spanish
Por medio de la presente [AudioCodes Ltd] declara que el (MP-1xx/FXO) cumple con los requisitos esenciales y cualesquiera otras disposiciones
aplicables o exigibles de la Directiva 1999/5/CE
Swedish
Härmed intygar [AudioCodes Ltd] att denna [MP-1xx/FXO] står I överensstämmelse med de väsentliga egenskapskrav och övriga relevanta bestämmelser
som framgår av direktiv 1999/5/EG.
Safety Notice
Installation and service of this unit must only be performed by authorized, qualified service personnel.
The protective earth terminal on the back of the MP-1xx must be permanently connected to protective earth.
Industry Canada Notice
This equipment meets the applicable Industry Canada Terminal Equipment technical specifications. This is confirmed by the
registration numbers. The abbreviation, IC, before the registration number signifies that registration was performed based on a
declaration of conformity indicating that Industry Canada technical specifications were met. It does not imply that Industry
Canada approved the equipment.
Network Compatibility
The products support the Telecom networks in EU that comply with TBR21.
Telecommunication Safety
The safety status of each port is declared and detailed in the table below:
Ports
Safety Status
Ethernet (100 Base-TX)
SELV
FXO
TNV-3
TNV-3:
Circuit whose normal operating voltages exceeds the limits for an SELV circuit under normal operating conditions
and on which over voltages from Telecommunication Networks are possible.
SELV:
Safety extra low voltage circuit.
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MP-1xx/FXO Notice
The MP-1xx FXO Output Tones and DTMF level should not exceed -9 dBm (AudioCodes setting #23) in order to comply with
FCC 68, TIA/EIA/IS-968 and TBR-21.
The maximum allowed gain between any 2 ports connected to the PSTN should be set to 0 dB in order to comply with FCC 68,
TIA/EIA/IS-968 Signal power limitation
FCC Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However there is no guarantee that interference will not
occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
F.3
MP-124
Declaration of Conformity
Application of Council Directives:
73/23/EEC (including amendments),
89/336/EEC (including amendments),
Standards to which Conformity is Declared:
EN55022: 1998, Class A
EN55024:1998
EN61000-3-2: 1995
(including amendments A1: 1998, A2: 1998, A14: 2000)
EN61000-3-3: 1995
EN60950: 1992 Including amendments 1,2,3,4 and 11
Manufacturer’s Name:
AudioCodes Ltd.
Manufacturer’s Address:
1 Hayarden Street, Airport City, Lod 70151, Israel.
Type of Equipment:
Analog VoIP System.
Model Numbers:
MP-124/FXS
I, the undersigned, hereby declare that the equipment specified above conforms to the above Directives and Standards.
th
11 February, 2005 Airport City, Lod, Israel
Signature
I. Zusmanovich, Compliance Engineering Manager
Czech
Date (Day/Month/Year)
Location
[AudioCodes Ltd] tímto prohlašuje, že tento [MP-124] je ve shodě se základními požadavky a dalšími příslušnými ustanoveními směrnice 89/336/EEC,
73/23/EEC.
Danish
Undertegnede [AudioCodes Ltd] erklærer herved, at følgende udstyr [MP-124] overholder de væsentlige krav og øvrige relevante krav i direktiv 89/336/EEC,
73/23/EEC.
Dutch
Hierbij verklaart [AudioCodes Ltd] dat het toestel [MP-124] in overeenstemming is met de essentiële eisen en de andere relevante bepalingen van richtlijn
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
English
Hereby, [AudioCodes Ltd], declares that this [MP-124] is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 89/336/EEC,
73/23/EEC.
Estonian
Käesolevaga kinnitab [AudioCodes Ltd] seadme [MP-124] vastavust direktiivi 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC põhinõuetele ja nimetatud direktiivist tulenevatele teistele
asjakohastele sätetele.
Finnish
[AudioCodes Ltd] vakuuttaa täten että [MP-124] tyyppinen laite on direktiivin 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC oleellisten vaatimusten ja sitä koskevien direktiivin muiden
ehtojen mukainen.
French
Par la présente [AudioCodes Ltd] déclare que l'appareil [MP-124] est conforme aux exigences essentielles et aux autres dispositions pertinentes de la directive
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
German
Hiermit erklärt [AudioCodes Ltd], dass sich dieser/diese/dieses [MP-124] in Übereinstimmung mit den grundlegenden Anforderungen und den anderen
relevanten Vorschriften der Richtlinie 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC befindet". (BMWi)
Greek
ΜΕ ΤΗΝ ΠΑΡΟΥΣΑ [AudioCodes Ltd] ∆ΗΛΩΝΕΙ ΟΤΙ [MP-124] ΣΥΜΜΟΡΦΩΝΕΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΙΣ ΟΥΣΙΩ∆ΕΙΣ ΑΠΑΙΤΗΣΕΙΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΙΣ ΛΟΙΠΕΣ ΣΧΕΤΙΚΕΣ
∆ΙΑΤΑΞΕΙΣ ΤΗΣ Ο∆ΗΓΙΑΣ 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
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Document #: LTRT-65405
MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
Hungarian
F. Regulatory Information
Alulírott, [AudioCodes Ltd] nyilatkozom, hogy a [MP-124] megfelel a vonatkozó alapvetõ követelményeknek és az 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC irányelv egyéb
elõírásainak
Icelandic
æki þetta er í samræmi við tilskipun Evrópusambandsins 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Italian
Con la presente [AudioCodes Ltd] dichiara che questo (MP-124) è conforme ai requisiti essenziali ed alle altre disposizioni pertinenti stabilite dalla directiva
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Latvian
Ar šo [AudioCodes Ltd] deklarē, ka [MP-124] atbilst Direktīvas 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC būtiskajām prasībām un citiem ar to saistītajiem noteikumiem.
Lithuanian
[AudioCodes Ltd] deklaruoja, kad irenginys [MP-124] tenkina 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC Direktyvos esminius reikalavimus ir kitas sios direktyvos nuostatas
Maltese
Hawnhekk, [AudioCodes Ltd], jiddikjara li dan [MP-124] jikkonforma mal-ħtiġijiet essenzjali u ma provvedimenti oħrajn relevanti li hemm fid-Dirrettiva
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Norwegian
Dette produktet er i samhørighet med det Europeiske Direktiv 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Polish
[AudioCodes Ltd], deklarujemy z pelna odpowiedzialnoscia, ze wyrób [MP-124] spelnia podstawowe wymagania i odpowiada warunkom zawartym w dyrektywie
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Portuguese
[AudioCodes Ltd] declara que este [MP-124] está conforme com os requisitos essenciais e outras disposições da Directiva 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Slovak
[AudioCodes Ltd] týmto vyhlasuje, že [MP-124 Series] spĺňa základné požiadavky a všetky príslušné ustanovenia Smernice 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Slovene
Šiuo [AudioCodes Ltd] deklaruoja, kad šis [MP-124 Series] atitinka esminius reikalavimus ir kitas 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC Direktyvos nuostatas.
Spanish
Por medio de la presente [AudioCodes Ltd] declara que el (MP-124 Series) cumple con los requisitos esenciales y cualesquiera otras disposiciones aplicables o
exigibles de la Directiva 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Swedish
Härmed intygar [AudioCodes Ltd] att denna [MP-124 Series] står I överensstämmelse med de väsentliga egenskapskrav och övriga relevanta bestämmelser
som framgår av direktiv 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Safety Notice
Installation and service of this unit must only be performed by authorized, qualified service personnel.
The protective earth terminal on the back of the MP-124 must be permanently connected to protective earth.
Telecommunication Safety
The safety status of each port on the gateway is declared and detailed in the table below:
Ports
Safety Status
Ethernet (100 Base-TX)
SELV
FXS (ODP P/N’s)
TNV-3
FXS
TNV-2
TNV-3:
Circuit whose normal operating voltages exceeds the limits for an SELV circuit under normal operating conditions
and on which over voltages from Telecommunication Networks are possible
TNV-2:
Circuit whose normal operating voltages exceeds the limits for an SELV circuit under normal operating conditions
and is not subjected to over voltages from Telecommunication Networks
SELV:
Safety extra low voltage circuit.
FCC Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated
in a commercial environment. This equipment generates uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this
equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may be
required to take adequate measures.
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MediaPack SIP
F.4
MP-11x FXS
Declaration of Conformity
Application of Council Directives:
73/23/EEC (including amendments),
89/336/EEC (including amendments),
Standards to which Conformity is Declared:
EN55022: 1998, Class B
EN55024:1998
EN61000-3-2: 1995
(including amendments A1: 1998, A2: 1998, A14: 2000)
EN61000-3-3: 1995
EN60950-1: 2001
Manufacturer’s Name:
AudioCodes Ltd.
Manufacturer’s Address:
1 Hayarden Street, Airport City, Lod 70151, Israel.
Type of Equipment:
Analog VoIP System.
Model Numbers:
MP-11x/FXS
(x- may represent 2, 4, 8)
I, the undersigned, hereby declare that the equipment specified above conforms to the above Directives and Standards.
February 2005
Airport City, Lod, Israel
Signature
I. Zusmanovich, Compliance Engineering Manager
Czech
Date (Day/Month/Year)
11th
Location
[AudioCodes Ltd] tímto prohlašuje, že tento [MP-11x/FXS series] je ve shodě se základními požadavky a dalšími příslušnými ustanoveními směrnice 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Danish
Undertegnede [AudioCodes Ltd] erklærer herved, at følgende udstyr [MP-11x/FXS Series] overholder de væsentlige krav og øvrige relevante krav i direktiv
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Dutch
Hierbij verklaart [AudioCodes Ltd] dat het toestel [MP-11x/FXS Series] in overeenstemming is met de essentiële eisen en de andere relevante bepalingen van
richtlijn 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
English
Hereby, [AudioCodes Ltd], declares that this [MP-11x/FXS Series] is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive
89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Estonian
Käesolevaga kinnitab [AudioCodes Ltd] seadme [MP-11x/FXS Series] vastavust direktiivi 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC põhinõuetele ja nimetatud direktiivist
tulenevatele teistele asjakohastele sätetele.
Finnish
[AudioCodes Ltd] vakuuttaa täten että [MP-11x/FXS Series] tyyppinen laite on direktiivin 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC oleellisten vaatimusten ja sitä koskevien
direktiivin muiden ehtojen mukainen.
French
Par la présente [AudioCodes Ltd] déclare que l'appareil [MP-11x/FXS Series] est conforme aux exigences essentielles et aux autres dispositions pertinentes
de la directive 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
German
Hiermit erklärt [AudioCodes Ltd], dass sich dieser/diese/dieses [MP-11x/FXS Series] in Übereinstimmung mit den grundlegenden Anforderungen und den
anderen relevanten Vorschriften der Richtlinie 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC befindet". (BMWi)
Greek
ΜΕ ΤΗΝ ΠΑΡΟΥΣΑ [AudioCodes Ltd] ∆ΗΛΩΝΕΙ ΟΤΙ [MP-11x/FXS Series] ΣΥΜΜΟΡΦΩΝΕΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΙΣ ΟΥΣΙΩ∆ΕΙΣ ΑΠΑΙΤΗΣΕΙΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΙΣ ΛΟΙΠΕΣ
ΣΧΕΤΙΚΕΣ ∆ΙΑΤΑΞΕΙΣ ΤΗΣ Ο∆ΗΓΙΑΣ 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Hungarian
Alulírott, [AudioCodes Ltd] nyilatkozom, hogy a [MP-11x/FXS Series] megfelel a vonatkozó alapvetõ követelményeknek és az 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC irányelv
egyéb elõírásainak
Icelandic
æki þetta er í samræmi við tilskipun Evrópusambandsins 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Italian
Con la presente [AudioCodes Ltd] dichiara che questo (MP-11x/FXS Series) è conforme ai requisiti essenziali ed alle altre disposizioni pertinenti stabilite dalla
direttiva 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Latvian
Ar šo [AudioCodes Ltd] deklarē, ka [MP-11x/FXS Series] atbilst Direktīvas 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC būtiskajām prasībām un citiem ar to saistītajiem
noteikumiem.
Lithuanian
[AudioCodes Ltd] deklaruoja, kad irenginys [MP-11x/FXS Series] tenkina 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC Direktyvos esminius reikalavimus ir kitas sios direktyvos
nuostatas
Maltese
Hawnhekk, [AudioCodes Ltd], jiddikjara li dan [MP-11x/FXS Series] jikkonforma mal-ħtiġijiet essenzjali u ma provvedimenti oħrajn relevanti li hemm fidDirrettiva 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Norwegian
Dette produktet er i samhørighet med det Europeiske Direktiv 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Polish
[AudioCodes Ltd], deklarujemy z pelna odpowiedzialnoscia, ze wyrób [MP-11x/FXS Series] spelnia podstawowe wymagania i odpowiada warunkom zawartym
w dyrektywie 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Portuguese
[AudioCodes Ltd] declara que este [MP-11x/FXS Series] está conforme com os requisitos essenciais e outras disposições da Directiva 89/336/EEC,
73/23/EEC.
Slovak
[AudioCodes Ltd] týmto vyhlasuje, že [MP-11x/FXS Series] spĺňa základné požiadavky a všetky príslušné ustanovenia Smernice 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
Slovene
Šiuo [AudioCodes Ltd] deklaruoja, kad šis [MP-11x/FXS Series] atitinka esminius reikalavimus ir kitas 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC Direktyvos nuostatas.
Spanish
Por medio de la presente [AudioCodes Ltd] declara que el (MP-11x/FXS Series) cumple con los requisitos esenciales y cualesquiera otras disposiciones
aplicables o exigibles de la Directiva 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC
Swedish
Härmed intygar [AudioCodes Ltd] att denna [MP-11x/FXS Series] står I överensstämmelse med de väsentliga egenskapskrav och övriga relevanta
bestämmelser som framgår av direktiv 89/336/EEC, 73/23/EEC.
MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
292
Document #: LTRT-65405
MediaPack SIP User’s Manual
F. Regulatory Information
Safety Notice
Installation and service of this unit must only be performed by authorized, qualified service personnel.
The protective earth terminal on the back of the MP-11x/FXS must be permanently connected to protective earth.
Telecommunication Safety
The safety status of each port on the gateway is declared and detailed in the table below:
Ports
Safety Status
Ethernet (100 Base-TX)
SELV
FXS (ODP P/N’s)
FXS
TNV-3
TNV-2
TNV-3:
Circuit whose normal operating voltages exceeds the limits for an SELV circuit under normal operating
conditions and on which over voltages from Telecommunication Networks are possible
SELV:
Safety extra low voltage circuit.
FCC Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates uses and can and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However there is no guarantee that interference will not
occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can
be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of
the following measures:
- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Original
printed on
recycled paper
and available on
CD or Web site
Version 4.6
293
June 2005
www.audiocodes.com