Mettler Toledo XP Excellence Plus Operating instructions

Operating Instructions – Part 1
METTLER TOLEDO
XS Excellence and XP Excellence Plus
Micro and Ultra-Micro Balances
www.mt.com/excellence
Overview of XP/XS micro and ultra-micro balances
XP
XS
7
7
5
5
6
4
6
1
1
4
2
2
3
3
13
13
12
9
14
11
14
8
10
14
8
5
17
19
20
21
16
18
1 Terminal (XS models:Type“S”,monochrome / XP models:Type
“P”, color), (for details see Operating Instructions - Part 2)
2 Display (Touch-sensitive “Touch Screen”)
3 Operating keys
4 SmartSens sensors (terminal type “P” only)
15
5 Control unit
6 Type name
7 Drawer with weighing tweezers, cleaning brush, and cleaning tweezers
8 Door handle
9 Glass draft shield
10 Weighing chamber plate
11 Weighing pan
12 Level indicator
13 Weighing cell
14 Leveling screw
15 Socket for control unit
16 Socket for weighing cell
17 RS232C serial interface
18 Slot for second interface (optional)
19 Socket for AC adapter
20 Aux sockets for hand- or foot-switch (XS models) or “ErgoSens” (XP models)
21 Socket for terminal
Contents
3
Contents
1
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.3
1.4
Getting to know your balance .......................................................................................................................... 4
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 4
Operating Instructions Part 1, this document ................................................................................................................. 4
Operating Instructions Part 2, separate document .......................................................................................................... 4
Introducing the XP/XS micro and ultra-micro balances ................................................................................................... 5
Conventions and symbols used in these operating instructions ...................................................................................... 5
Safety first.................................................................................................................................................................... 6
2
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.6.1
2.6.2
2.7
2.7.1
2.7.2
2.8
Setting up the balance .................................................................................................................................... 7
Unpacking and checking the delivered items ................................................................................................................. 7
Unpacking the balance ................................................................................................................................................ 7
Checking the delivered items ........................................................................................................................................ 8
Selecting a location ..................................................................................................................................................... 8
Assembling the balance ............................................................................................................................................... 9
Power supply ............................................................................................................................................................... 9
Operating of the glass draft shield .............................................................................................................................. 10
Setting the reading angle and location of the terminal ................................................................................................. 10
Setting the reading angle ........................................................................................................................................... 10
Remove terminal and place close to the balance......................................................................................................... 11
Transporting the balance ............................................................................................................................................ 11
Transporting over short distances ................................................................................................................................ 11
Transporting over long distances ................................................................................................................................. 12
Below-the-balance weighing....................................................................................................................................... 12
3
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
Leveling the balance ..................................................................................................................................... 13
Switching the balance on and off................................................................................................................................ 13
Leveling the balance .................................................................................................................................................. 13
Leveling aid of the XP models ..................................................................................................................................... 13
4
Cleaning and service .................................................................................................................................... 15
5
5.1
5.1.1
5.2
5.2.1
5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
Technical data .............................................................................................................................................. 16
General data.............................................................................................................................................................. 16
Explanatory notes for the METTLER TOLEDO AC adapter ................................................................................................ 17
Model-specific data .................................................................................................................................................... 18
Zero-setting range and switch-on zero range for certified balances ............................................................................... 19
Dimensions ............................................................................................................................................................... 20
Dimensions of the terminal and control unit of XP models............................................................................................ 20
Dimensions of the terminal and control unit of XS models............................................................................................ 21
Dimensions of the weighing cell (XS and XP models)................................................................................................... 22
Specifications of the RS232C interface ........................................................................................................................ 23
Specifications of the “Aux” connections ....................................................................................................................... 23
MT-SICS Interface commands and functions ................................................................................................................ 24
6
6.1
6.2
Accessories and spare parts .......................................................................................................................... 26
Accessories ............................................................................................................................................................... 26
Spare parts ................................................................................................................................................................ 29
7
Index ........................................................................................................................................................... 32
Getting to know your balance
4
1
Getting to know your balance
In this chapter you will be given basic information about your balance. Please read right through this chapter carefully even if you already
have experience with METTLER TOLEDO balances; please pay special attention to the safety warnings!
1.1
Introduction
Thank you for choosing a METTLER TOLEDO balance.
The micro and ultra-micro balances of the XP/XS line combine a large number of weighing and adjustment possibilities with exceptionally convenient operation.
These operating instructions apply to all micro and ultra-micro balances of the XP/XS line. However, the different models have different
characteristics regarding equipment and performance. Special notes in the text indicate where this makes a difference to operation.
The Operating Instructions for the XP/XS micro and ultramicro balances consist of 2 separate documents, whose
contents are listed in the following 2 subsections.
1.1.1
Operating Instructions Part 1, this document
Contents of the Operating Instructions for the XP/XS micro and ultramicro balances, Part 1
– Introduction
– Safety notes
– Putting the balance into operation
• Unpacking the balance
• Checking the scope of delivery
• Assembling the balance
• Selecting the location
• Power supply
• Operating the glass draft shield
• Setting the reading angle
• Transporting the balance
• Below-the-balance weighing
• Leveling the balance
– Cleaning and service
– Technical data
– Interface commands and MT-SICS functions
– Accessories
– Spare parts
1.1.2
Operating Instructions Part 2, separate document
Contents of the Operating Instructions for XP or XS balances, Part 2, terminal, system and applications
– Basic principles for using the terminal and the software
– System settings
– User-specific settings (XP models only)
– Applications
Getting to know your balance
5
– Software updates
– Error and status messages
– Conversion table for weight units
– SOP - Standard Operating Procedure
1.2
Introducing the XP/XS micro and ultra-micro balances
The XP/XS family of micro and ultra-micro balances comprises a range of balances which differ from each other in relation to their
weighing range and resolution.
The following features are common to all models of the XP/XS micro and ultra-micro balances:
– Glass draft shield for precise weighing even in unstable environments (XP models with motorized drive.
– Fully automatic adjustment using internal weights (“ProFact” on XP models,“FACT” on XS models).
– Leveling aid for fast and easy leveling (XP models only).
– Built-in applications for normal weighing, statistics, formulation, piece counting, percent weighing, density, differential weighing ((XP
models only) and LabX Client.
– Integral RS232C interface and slot for an optional interface.
– Touch-sensitive graphics terminal (“TouchScreen”) with color (XP models) or monochrome display (XS models).
– Two programmable sensors for hands-off operation (“SmartSens”) to speed up frequently recurring tasks (XP models).
A brief word about standards, guidelines, and methods of quality assurance:The XP/XS micro and ultra-micro balances comply with usual
standards and guidelines.They support standard procedures,specifications, working methods, and reports according to GLP (Good Laboratory Practice), and allow the creation of SOPs (Standard Operating Procedure). In this connection, records of working procedures and
adjustments become very important; for this purpose we recommend you to use a printer from the METTLER TOLEDO range, since these
are optimally adapted to your balance. The XP/XS micro and ultra-micro balances conform to the applicable standards and guidelines
and possess a CE declaration of conformity. METTLER TOLEDO is certified as manufacturer according to ISO 9001 and ISO 1400.
1.3
Conventions and symbols used in these operating instructions
The following conventions apply throughout both operating instruction (Part 1 and Part 2):
– Key designations are indicated by double angular parentheses (e.g. «On/Off» or «E»).
These symbols indicate safety notes and hazard warnings which, if ignored, can cause
personal danger to the user, damage to the balance or other equipment, or malfunctioning of the balance.
This symbol indicates additional information and notes. These make working with your
balance easier, as well as ensuring that you use it correctly and economically.
Getting to know your balance
6
1.4
Safety first
Always operate and use your balance only in accordance with the instructions contained in this manual.
The instructions for setting up your new balance must be strictly observed.
If the instrument is not used according to the manufacturer’s Operating Instructions, protection of the instrument may be
impaired.
It is not permitted to use the balance in hazardous environments.
Use only the AC adapter delivered with your balance, and check that the voltage printed
on it is the same as your local power supply voltage. Only plug the adapter into a socket
which is grounded.
Do not use sharply pointed objects to operate the keyboard of your balance!
Although your balance is very ruggedly constructed, it is nevertheless a precision instrument. Treat it with corresponding care.
Do not open the balance: It does not contain any parts which can be maintained, repaired, or replaced by the user. If you ever have problems with your balance, contact your
METTLER TOLEDO dealer.
Use only balance accessories and peripheral devices from METTLER TOLEDO; they are
optimally adapted to your balance.
Disposal
In conformance with the European Directive 2002/96/CE on Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (WEEE) this device may not be disposed of in domestic waste.
This also applies to countries outside the EU, per their specific requirements.
Please dispose of this product in accordance with local regulations at the collecting point
specified for electrical and electronic equipment.
If you have any questions, please contact the responsible authority or the distributor from
which you purchased this device.
Should this device be passed on to other parties (for private or professional use), the
content of this regulation must also be related.
Thank you for your contribution to environmental protection.
Setting up the balance
7
2
Setting up the balance
This chapter explains how to unpack your new balance, and how to set it up and prepare it for operation. When you have carried out
the steps described in this chapter, your balance is ready for operation.
2.1
Unpacking and checking the delivered items
2.1.1
Unpacking the balance
Open the outer packaging box. Grasp the strap on the inner box and pull this out of the
outer box along with the padding.
Remove the padding, take the inner box out of the plastic bag and place it on a level
surface with the opening flap facing up. Open the inner box (open the flap and remove
the cardboard sleeve).
Remove the following parts from the upper part of the packaging:
a Documents (already removed here)
a
b
c
e
d
b Connecting cable for weighing cell – control unit
c Glass cover of the draft shield
d Mains cable (country-specific) for the AC adapter
e AC adapter
Lift off the upper part of the inner packaging.
Setting up the balance
8
You will find the following parts in the lower part:
g
f Weighing cell with draft shield
f
h
j
g Plastic box, contains the parts for the draft disk
h Control unit with mounted terminal (i) and protective cover for the terminal
i
Remove the parts from the packaging and remove the shipping lock (j) (plastic protection) from the draft shield.
Please keep all parts of the packaging.This packaging guarantees best possible protection
of your balance for transportation (Chapter 2.7).
2.1.2
Checking the delivered items
The standard scope of delivery contains the following items:
– Weighing cell and control unit with terminal installed
– Weighing pan is installed, draft disk and hook weighing pan (XP6U) are delivered separately and must be installed by the user
– AC adapter with country-specific power cable
– Connection cable for connecting the weighing cell to the control unit
– Protective cover for the terminal
– Cleaning brush
– Cleaning tweezers
– Weighing tweezers
– Production certificate
– CE declaration of conformity
– Operating Instructions Part 1 (this document) and Part 2
2.2
Selecting a location
Choose a position which is stable, free from vibration, and as nearly horizontal as possible. The supporting surface must be able to bear the weight of the fully loaded balance
safely.
Pay attention to the environmental conditions (Chapter 5.1).
Avoid:
– Direct sunlight
– Strong drafts (e.g. from fans or air conditioning)
– Excessive fluctuations in temperature.
Setting up the balance
9
If the balance is not horizontal from the beginning, it will have to be leveled during
initial operation (see Chapter 3.2).
2.3
Assembling the balance
– Remove the parts for the draft disk from the black plastic box. Assemble the parts according to the instructions in the cover of the plastic box.
b
b
– Connect the terminal cable (a) to the control unit.
– Use the cable delivered (b) to connect the control unit to the weighing cell.
a
XP6U only: A hook weighing pan is also delivered with this model. Should you wish to
use this, remove the standard round weighing pan and install the hook weighing pan
according to the instructions in the cover of the black plastic box.
2.4
Power supply
Your balance is delivered complete with an AC adapter and a country-specific power supply
cable. The AC adapter is suitable for all power supply voltages in the range of:
100 – 240 VAC, 50/60Hz (for exact specifications, see Chapter 5).
Check that the local power supply voltage is in this range. If it is not, DO NOT connect
the balance or the AC adapter to the power supply, and contact your METTLER TOLEDO
dealer.
Plug the AC adapter (a) into the socket (b) in the back of your control unit and into the
power supply.
b
a
Important: Guide the cables so that they cannot become damaged or interfere with
the weighing process! Take care that the AC adapter cannot come into contact with
liquids!
After the balance has been connected to the power supply, it carries out a self test and
is then ready for operation.
Setting up the balance
10
Note: If the display field remains dark, even though the power supply connection functions,
first disconnect the balance from the power supply. Open the terminal:
Terminal of XP models: Press both buttons (a) on the back of the terminal and open
the upper part of the terminal.
a
a
Terminal of XS models: Press both flaps (b) on the side of the terminal and open the
upper part of the terminal.
b
b
Check that the plug for the terminal cable (c) is connected correctly inside the terminal.
Ensure that the ferrite core (d) makes full contact on the plug.
d
2.5
c
Operating of the glass draft shield
The glass draft shield on your balance can be opened and closed by turning the door
handle.
On XP models, the draft shield can also be operated via the “K” button or the “SmartSens”
sensors (see Operating Instructions, Part 2).
During weighing, always ensure that the draft shield is
closed!
2.6
Setting the reading angle and location of the terminal
2.6.1
Setting the reading angle
To change the reading angle, press both buttons or flaps used to open the terminal (see above). The top of the terminal can then be
pulled up or pushed down until it engages in the desired position. A total of 3 setting positions are available.
Setting up the balance
11
2.6.2
Remove terminal and place close to the balance
The terminal is attached to the control unit, but can be removed and positioned individually if necessary:
Switch off the balance and disconnect it from the power supply. Open the terminal by
pressing both buttons or flaps (see Chapter 2.4). Unplug the cable from the connection
socket in the terminal.
Detach the terminal from the terminal support:
a
– On the XP models, unscrew both knurled screws (a) on the inside of the terminal.
a
– On XS models, the terminal is attached with just one knurled screw (b).
b
Pull the terminal cable out of the terminal.
c
d
Release the cable guide (c) on the underside of the control unit (2 Torx T-10 screws). The
cable is now free and you can position the terminal separately.
The terminal support (d) is attached to the underside of the control unit with 2 screws
(Torx T-20). You can leave the terminal support on the control unit or remove it.
Reconnect the balance to the power supply.
2.7
Transporting the balance
2.7.1
Transporting over short distances
If you wish to move your balance over a short distance to a new location, proceed as follows:
Switch off the balance and unplug the cable of the AC adaptor, and any interface cables, from the control unit. It is not necessary to
disconnect the control unit from the weighing cell.
Grasp the control unit and weighing cell by the sides of the housing and carry them to their new location (observe the notes in Chapter
2.2 regarding the choice of an optimal location).
Never lift the balance by the glass draft shield, as this can cause damage!
Setting up the balance
12
2.7.2
Transporting over long distances
If you want to transport or ship your balance over long distances, or if it is not certain that the balance will be transported upright, use
the complete original packaging. Package the balance according to the illustrations and information in Chapter 2.1.1.
Ensure that you place the shipping lock (plastic protection) in
the glass draft shield!
2.8
Below-the-balance weighing
So that weighings can be carried out below the working surface (below-the-balance weighing), your balance is provided with a special
hanger.
Switch off the balance and unplug the connection cable for the control unit from the back
panel of the weighing cell.
Remove the glass cover, the weighing pan, and the draft disk. Remove the draft shield
from the unit.
Carefully tip the weighing cell toward the back.
Turn the cover plate of the hanger for below-the-balance weighing until the hole for the
feedthrough is exposed.
The weighing cell is now ready for installing the feedthrough for below-the balance
weighing.
Leveling the balance
13
3
Leveling the balance
3.1
Switching the balance on and off
On
Switching on the balance: Press the «On/Off» key briefly. The balance carries out a test
and is then ready to weigh.
Off
The display opposite appears when the balance is switched on for the first time (this
example shows the color display of the XP models).
On
Switching off the balance: Press and hold the «On/Off» key until the message “OFF”
appears in the display. The display then fades and the balance is switched off.
Off
3.2
Leveling the balance
Check the position of the air bubble in the level indicator on the top of the weighing cell. If the air bubble is not in the inner circle, the
weighing cell needs to be leveled.
Turn the two leveling screws on the back of the weighing cell until the air bubble is in
the inner circle of the level indicator (left figure = leveled correctly, right figure = leveled
incorrectly).
3.2.1
Leveling aid of the XP models
The XP models have a built-in leveling aid.
On the terminal, touch the large empty space below the weighing result. The following
display appears.
To start the leveling aid, touch the button at the bottom of the screen.
Leveling the balance
14
Watch the level indicator on your balance and press the button that matches the current
position of the air bubble in the level indicator.
The leveling aid will show you with red arrows which direction you need to turn the two
footscrews on the back of the weighing cell.
Turn the footscrew(s) in the direction indicated until the air bubble is in the inner circle
of the level indicator. If you are unable to do this on your first attempt, you can press the
button again that matches the current position of the air bubble at any time.
As soon as the air bubble is in the inner circle of the level indicator, the balance has been
leveled correctly (left figure = leveled correctly, right figure = leveled incorrectly).
Press the “Exit” button to exit the leveling aid.
Before the balance returns to weighing mode, a message appears that advises you to
adjust the balance after you have leveled it. Confirm the message with “OK”. For information about adjusting the balance, see the Operating Instructions, Part 2.
Cleaning and service
15
4
Cleaning and service
Periodically clean the weighing chamber, the housing, and the terminal of your balance using the brush supplied with it.
To clean the weighing chamber thoroughly, pull the draft disk (which on the XP2U and XP6U balances is made up
of several parts) and the weighing pan vertically up and off (it may be necessary to turn the weighing pan slightly
to remove it).
When you replace these parts, make sure they are in the correct position (see Chapter 2.3).
Your balance is made from high quality, resistant materials and can therefore be cleaned with a commercially available, mild cleaning agent.
Please observe the following notes:
– On no account use cleaning agents, which contain solvents or abrasive ingredients, as this can result in damage
to the terminal overlay.
– Ensure that no liquid comes into contact with the balance, the terminal or the AC adapter.
– Never open the balance, terminal or AC adapter - they contain no components, which can be cleaned, repaired
or replaced by the user.
Please contact your METTLER TOLEDO dealer for details of the available service options. Regular servicing by an authorized service engineer ensures constant accuracy for years to come and prolongs the service life of your balance.
Technical data
16
5
Technical data
In this chapter you will find the most important technical data for your balance.
5.1
General data
Power supply
• Power supply connector
with AC/DC adapter:
11107909, HEG42-120200 -7
Primary: 100-240V, -15% /+10%, 50/60Hz
Secondary: 12VDC ± 3%, 2.25A (with electronic overload protection)
• Cable to AC adapter:
3-core, with country-specific plug
• Power supply to the balance:
12VDC ± 3%, 2.25A, maximum ripple: 80mVDCpp
Use only with a tested AC adapter with SELV output current.
Ensure correct polarity
Protection and standards
• Overvoltage category:
Class II
• Degree of pollution:
2
• Standards for safety and EMC:
See Declaration of Conformity (separate brochure 11780294)
• Range of application:
For use only in closed interior rooms
Environmental conditions
• Height above mean sea level:
Up to 4000 m
• Ambient temperature:
5-40 °C
• Relative air humidity:
Max. 80% at 31°C, linearly decreasing to 50% at 40 °C, noncondensing
• Warm-up time:
24 hours after connecting the balance to the power supply; when switched on from
standby-mode, the balance is ready for operation immediately.
Materials
• Housing:
Die-cast aluminum, plastic, chrome steel and glass
• Terminal:
Die-cast zinc, chromed and plastics
• Weighing pan:
Aluminum, chromed (AlMgSi1 coated chem Ni 15 µm, Cr 0.3 – 0.5 µm)
Operating Instructions – Part 2
METTLER TOLEDO
Excellence XS Balances
Terminal
System settings
Software
Applications
www.mt.com/excellence
Weighing
Statistics
Formulation
Piece Counting
Percent Weighing
Density
Dynamic Weighing
LabX Client
Excellence XS Analytical Balances
Excellence XS Precision Balances
Contents
3
Contents
1
Introduction to Operating Instructions - Part 2 for Excellence XS Balances ......................................................... 7
2
Basic Principles for Using the Terminal and the Software .................................................................................. 8
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.4
2.5
2.6
An Overview of the Terminal .......................................................................................................................................... 8
The Display .................................................................................................................................................................. 9
Your First Weighing .................................................................................................................................................... 10
Switching the Balance ON and OFF ............................................................................................................................. 10
Performing a Simple Weighing .................................................................................................................................... 11
The Balance Software................................................................................................................................................. 11
The Typical Operating Sequence ................................................................................................................................. 13
The Security System in Your Balance ........................................................................................................................... 14
3
System Settings............................................................................................................................................ 15
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
Calling up the System Settings ................................................................................................................................... 15
An Overview of the System Settings............................................................................................................................. 15
Settings for Calibration and Tests ................................................................................................................................ 16
Fully Automatic Adjustment Function “FACT”................................................................................................................. 16
Deine External Adjustment Weight .............................................................................................................................. 17
Deine External Test Weight ......................................................................................................................................... 18
Deine Adjustment and Test Printouts ........................................................................................................................... 18
Specify Balance Parameters ....................................................................................................................................... 19
Adaptation to the Type of Balance ............................................................................................................................... 20
Adaptation to the Ambient Conditions ......................................................................................................................... 20
Speed of the Value Release ........................................................................................................................................ 20
Automatic Zero Setting ............................................................................................................................................... 20
Select Dialog Language ............................................................................................................................................. 21
Select Peripheral Devices ........................................................................................................................................... 21
Terminal Settings ....................................................................................................................................................... 23
Date and Time............................................................................................................................................................ 24
Deine Access Rights and Specify the Password ........................................................................................................... 25
Energy Saving Function (Standby)............................................................................................................................... 26
Settings for External Keys (Aux Connections) ............................................................................................................... 26
Loading the Factory Settings ....................................................................................................................................... 27
Access Balance Information ....................................................................................................................................... 27
Printing the System Settings ....................................................................................................................................... 28
4
The “Weighing” Application............................................................................................................................ 29
4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.2.5
Select the Application................................................................................................................................................. 29
Settings for the “Weighing” Application........................................................................................................................ 29
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Select Function Keys .................................................................................................................................................. 31
Select Information Fields ............................................................................................................................................ 32
Selections for Automatic Printouts ............................................................................................................................... 32
Select Weighing Units ................................................................................................................................................ 33
Contents
4
4.2.6
4.2.7
4.2.8
4.2.9
4.2.10
4.2.11
4.2.12
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
4.4.5
4.4.6
Deine Freely Selectable Weighing Units ...................................................................................................................... 33
Deine Printout ........................................................................................................................................................... 34
Selections for Manual Printouts................................................................................................................................... 36
Formatting the Output Data ........................................................................................................................................ 36
Deine Identiier.......................................................................................................................................................... 39
Speciications for Handling Barcode Data .................................................................................................................... 39
Speciications for Processing Keyboard Entries ............................................................................................................ 40
Working With the “Weighing” Application..................................................................................................................... 41
Changing the Readability of the Measured Weight ....................................................................................................... 41
Working With the Item Counter ................................................................................................................................... 41
Working with Identiiers .............................................................................................................................................. 41
Adjust the Balance and Check the Adjustment ............................................................................................................. 43
Fully Automatic Adjustment FACT ................................................................................................................................. 43
Adjustment With the Internal Weight ........................................................................................................................... 43
Adjustment With an External Weight ............................................................................................................................ 44
Checking the Adjustment With the Internal Weight ....................................................................................................... 45
Checking the Adjustment With an External Weight ....................................................................................................... 45
Adjustment and Test Printouts (Sample Printouts) ........................................................................................................ 46
5
The “Statistics” application ............................................................................................................................ 47
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.3.4
5.3.5
5.4
5.4.1
5.4.2
5.4.3
5.4.4
Introduction to the “Statistics” Application .................................................................................................................... 47
Select the Application................................................................................................................................................. 47
Settings for the “Statistics” Application......................................................................................................................... 47
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 47
Special Function Keys for Statistical Purposes .............................................................................................................. 48
Special Statistical Information Fields ........................................................................................................................... 49
Special Printout Information for Statistical Purposes..................................................................................................... 49
Activate Additive Mode ............................................................................................................................................... 51
Working With the “Statistics” Application...................................................................................................................... 51
Statistical Recording of Series of Weighings ................................................................................................................ 51
Additive Weighing to a Target Value ............................................................................................................................. 53
Sample Printout With Statistical Values........................................................................................................................ 54
Formulas Used for Calculating Statistical Values .......................................................................................................... 55
6
The “Formulation” Application ........................................................................................................................ 56
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
6.3.5
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
Introduction to the “Formulation” Application .............................................................................................................. 56
Select the Application................................................................................................................................................. 56
Settings for the “Formulation” Application .................................................................................................................... 56
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 56
Special Function Keys for Formulation ......................................................................................................................... 57
Special Information Fields for Formulation ................................................................................................................... 58
Special Printout Information for Formulation ................................................................................................................ 58
Special Identiiers for Formulation ............................................................................................................................... 60
Working With the “Formulation” Application ................................................................................................................. 60
Default Settings ......................................................................................................................................................... 60
Operating Sequence .................................................................................................................................................. 61
Sample Printout for a Formulation ............................................................................................................................... 62
7
The “Density” Application .............................................................................................................................. 63
7.1
7.2
Introduction to the “Density” Application ...................................................................................................................... 63
Select the Application................................................................................................................................................. 63
Contents
5
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.3.4
7.3.5
7.3.6
7.3.7
7.3.8
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.3
7.4.4
7.5
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.7
7.8
Settings for the “Density” Application ........................................................................................................................... 63
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 63
Choosing the Method of Density Determination ........................................................................................................... 64
Selection of the Auxiliary Liquid................................................................................................................................... 64
Activate or Deactivate the Statistics ............................................................................................................................. 65
Speciications for Calculating and Displaying the Result............................................................................................... 65
Special Function Keys for Density Determination.......................................................................................................... 65
Special Information Fields for Density Determination ................................................................................................... 66
Special Print Information for Density Determination ..................................................................................................... 67
Working With the “Density” Application ........................................................................................................................ 69
Determining the Density of Non-Porous Solid Bodies.................................................................................................... 69
Determining the Density of Liquids Using a Sinker ....................................................................................................... 70
Determining the Density of Pastes With the Aid of a Gamma Sphere ............................................................................. 71
Sample Printout of a Density Determination ................................................................................................................ 72
Using the Density Statistics ......................................................................................................................................... 73
Formulae Used to Calculate Density ............................................................................................................................ 75
Formulae for Determining the Density of Solid Bodies .................................................................................................. 75
Formulae for Determining the Density of Liquids and Pastes ......................................................................................... 75
Density Table for Distilled Water .................................................................................................................................. 76
Density Table for Ethanol ............................................................................................................................................ 76
8
The “Percent Weighing” Application ............................................................................................................... 77
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.3.1
8.3.2
8.3.3
8.3.4
8.3.5
8.4
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
Introduction to the “Percent Weighing” Application ...................................................................................................... 77
Selecting the Application ............................................................................................................................................ 77
Settings for the “Percent Weighing” Application ........................................................................................................... 77
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 77
Special Function Keys for Percent Weighing................................................................................................................. 78
Special Information Fields for Percent Weighing .......................................................................................................... 78
Additional Unit for Percent Weighing ........................................................................................................................... 79
Special Report Information for Percent Weighing ......................................................................................................... 79
Working With the “Percent Weighing” Application ......................................................................................................... 80
Simple Percent Weighing............................................................................................................................................ 80
Percent Weighing to a Target Value.............................................................................................................................. 81
Example of a Percent Weighing Report ........................................................................................................................ 81
9
The “Piece Counting” Application ................................................................................................................... 82
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.3.3
9.3.4
9.3.5
9.3.6
9.4
9.4.1
9.4.2
9.4.3
9.4.4
Introduction to the “Piece Counting” Application .......................................................................................................... 82
Selecting the Application ............................................................................................................................................ 82
Settings for the “Piece Counting” Application ............................................................................................................... 82
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 82
Specifying the Fixed Reference Piece Count ................................................................................................................ 83
Special Function Keys for Piece Counting .................................................................................................................... 83
Special Information Fields for Piece Counting .............................................................................................................. 84
Additional Unit for Piece Counting ............................................................................................................................... 85
Special Report Information for Piece Counting ............................................................................................................. 85
Working With the “Piece Counting” Application ............................................................................................................ 86
Simple Piece Counting ............................................................................................................................................... 86
Totaling Piece Counts and Including Them in Statistics................................................................................................. 88
Counting to a Target Value .......................................................................................................................................... 90
Example of a Piece Counting Report With Statistical Values .......................................................................................... 91
Contents
6
10
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application ............................................................................................................. 92
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.3.1
10.3.2
10.3.3
10.3.4
10.3.5
10.3.6
10.3.7
10.3.8
10.3.9
10.3.10
10.3.11
10.3.12
10.4
10.4.1
10.4.2
10.4.3
10.4.4
Introduction to the “Dynamic Weighing” Application ..................................................................................................... 92
Selecting the Application ............................................................................................................................................ 92
Settings for the “Dynamic Weighing” Application .......................................................................................................... 92
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 92
Special Function Keys for Dynamic Weighing............................................................................................................... 93
Adapting the Application to the Dynamic Behavior of the Weighing Material ................................................................. 94
Settings for the Start of Weighing ................................................................................................................................ 94
Settings for the Beep at the End of the Measurement Cycle .......................................................................................... 95
Settings for the Automatic Tare Function ...................................................................................................................... 95
Special Information Fields for Dynamic Weighing ........................................................................................................ 96
Special Report Information for Dynamic Weighing ...................................................................................................... 96
Automatic or Manual Reporting of Individual Values..................................................................................................... 97
Selecting the Destination for the Output Data .............................................................................................................. 98
Formatting the Output Data ........................................................................................................................................ 98
Activate or Deactivate Statistics................................................................................................................................. 100
Working With the “Dynamic Weighing” Application ..................................................................................................... 101
Dynamic Weighing With Automatic Start .................................................................................................................... 101
Dynamic Weighing With Manual Start ....................................................................................................................... 102
Recording Statistics of Dynamic Weighing ................................................................................................................. 102
Example of a Dynamic Weighing Report .................................................................................................................... 103
11
The Application “LabX Client” ...................................................................................................................... 104
11.1
11.2
Introduction to the “LabX Client” Application .............................................................................................................. 104
Selecting the Application .......................................................................................................................................... 104
12
Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................... 105
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
Operating Principle .................................................................................................................................................. 105
Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................... 105
Loading Software Updates From the Internet.............................................................................................................. 105
Loading the New Software Into the Balance ............................................................................................................... 106
Saving and Reloading Balance Settings .................................................................................................................... 108
13
Error and Status Messages .......................................................................................................................... 109
13.1
13.2
13.3
Error Messages Occurring During Normal Operation .................................................................................................. 109
Further Error Messages............................................................................................................................................. 109
Status Messages ...................................................................................................................................................... 110
14
Appendix ................................................................................................................................................... 111
14.1
14.2
14.3
Conversion Table for Weight Units ............................................................................................................................. 111
SOPs - Standard Operating Procedures...................................................................................................................... 112
Recommended Printer Settings ................................................................................................................................. 113
15
Index ......................................................................................................................................................... 114
Introduction to Operating Instructions - Part 2 for Excellence XS balances
7
1
Introduction to Operating Instructions - Part 2
for Excellence XS Balances
As soon as you have these Operating Instructions (Part 2) for Excellence XS balances in your hand, you are ready to use your balance.
Your balance has been assembled and leveled.
Caution: It is essential that you have read the Operating Instructions (Part 1) for the XS balances (separate
document). You must also have read the Safety Instructions in Part 1 and assembled and installed the balance
according to the operating instructions.
Attention: Do not use sharply pointed objects to operate the keyboard of your balance!
These Operating Instructions – Part 2 are valid for all Excellence XS balances with terminal (analytical balances and precision balances).
They describe a range of weighing and setting options:
– Basic information on operating the touch-sensitive terminal (“Touch Screen”) for simple and convenient operation, along with
basic information on the software.
– The system settings
– Built-in applications for normal weighing, statistics, formulation, piece counting, percent weighing, density, dynamic weighing and
LabX Client.
Note: The number of built-in applications depends on the model.
– Software updates (downloaded from the Internet and loaded into the balance)
– Error and status messages
Conventions and symbols used in these operating instructions:
– Key designations are indicated by double angular parentheses (e.g. «On/Off» or «J»).
This symbol indicates safety notes and hazard warnings which, if ignored, can cause personal danger to the
user, damage to the balance or other equipment, or malfunctioning of the balance.
This symbol indicates additional information and notes. These make working with your balance easier, as well
as ensuring that you use it correctly and economically.
Basic Principles for Using the Terminal and the Software
8
2
Basic Principles for Using the Terminal and the Software
This Section explains the operating and display elements of your terminal, and also explains the way the software of your balance is to
be used. Please read this Section carefully, because it is the basis for all the operating steps that are explained in later Sections.
2.1
An Overview of the Terminal
In this Section we will irst introduce you to the controls of the terminal. Detailed information on the display will be provided in the next
Section.
1
6
2
7
3
3
5
A
I
G
H
On
Off
J
F
4
1 «A» key
This key takes you directly from any menu level back to the active application. Any changes made and conirmed
up to this point are automatically saved.
2 «I» key
Your balance is shipped from the factory with standard applications (e.g. for normal weighing, statistics, formula
weighing and density determination). This key allows you to choose the application with which you want to work.
3 «G» key
Zero-setting button: This button is used to set a new zero point. All weight values are measured with this zero point
as a basis..
4 «H» key
Tare key: This button is used to tare the balance.
5 «On/Off» key
Pressing this button briely will switch the balance on. Holding this button down will switch the balance off (hold
down until the ‘OFF’ display appears)..
6 «J» key
A large number of settings allow each application to be ideally matched to the particular task.You call up the menus
for coniguring the active application with this key.
7 «F» key
Pressing this key transmits the weighing result over the interface, e.g. to a printer. However, other devices, such as
a PC can also be connected. The data transmitted can be freely speciied.
Basic Principles for Using the Terminal and the Software
9
2.2
The Display
The illuminated, graphic display of your terminal is a “touch screen”. It is not only possible not only to read data and settings, but also
to make settings and to execute functions by touching the display area.
The factory setting of the balance displays the weighing result at a size so that it can easily
be read. In this display mode neither the information ields nor the graphical “SmartTrac”
illing guide are visible.
The “display” function key allows two further display modes to be selected. The next
display mode appears each time the key is pressed. In the two other display modes,
more information is shown than in the standard mode, but the displayed weight itself
is smaller:
Display with information fields and “SmartTrac”. The weighing result displayed is
reduced for reasons of space.
Display without information fields but with “SmartTrac”.The size of the weight display
is increased because the information ields are not displayed.
The display is divided into different zones (the illustration shows the display including
information ields and “SmartTrac”):
2
1
3
4b
4
4a
1 The currently active application is shown in the upper left-hand corner. By pressing
this area you call up the menu in which you may select the desired application (you
can also reach this menu via the «I» key).
2 The date or the time are shown in the upper right-hand corner. You can change the
date or the time by pressing this zone.
3 Status icons:These symbols appear as needed and indicate any special needs of the
balance (e.g., needs adjustment, needs servicing, change batteries, etc.). A list of all
status icons can be found in Section 13.3.
4 The current weighing result appears in this area. If you touch the weighing unit (4b)
a window appears in which you can select the desired weighing unit.
If you press the weighing result (4a) another window displays the weighing result in
a larger size. This can be useful if you want to read the weighing result from some
distance away. This window can be closed again by pressing the “OK” button on the
screen.
Basic Principles for Using the Terminal and the Software
10
5 Additional information (information fields) related to the active application, and which
will make your work easier, are displayed in this area.
6
5
6 The “SmartTrac” is displayed in this area. This is a graphical illing guide, showing you
at a glance the weighing range that has already been illed and the range that is still
available.
7 This area is reserved for the function keys that offer you direct access to frequently
needed functions and settings for the currently active application. If more than ive
function keys are active, you can switch between them using the arrow keys (not shown
in the diagram).
7
In the other two display modes (where the weighing result is larger but where less additional information is displayed) it is also possible
to make settings by touching the zones that are visible at the time.
Note: Depending on country-speciic rules, on certiied versions of balances the uncertiied decimal places are displayed gray.
Screen saver
If the balance is not used for 15 minutes, the backlighting of the display is automatically switched off and the pixels are inverted at
intervals of approximately 15 seconds. As soon as you start to work with the balance again (load a weight, press a key, etc.), the display
returns to its normal state.
2.3
Your First Weighing
In this Section you will get to know those controls and display elements of your balance that are needed to carry out simple weighing
processes. This Section provides an introduction to operating your balance.
2.3.1
Switching the Balance ON and OFF
On
Switch balance on: Briely press the «On/Off» key.The balance carries out a short test as
soon as it has been switched on, after which it is ready to weigh.
Off
The display shown here appears the first time the balance is switched on.
On
Off
Switch balance off: Press the «On/Off» key and hold it pressed until “OFF” appears on
the display. The display then goes blank, and the balance is switched off.
Basic Principles for Using the Terminal and the Software
11
2.3.2
Performing a Simple Weighing
To carry out a simple weighing you only need the keys on the lower part of the terminal. Your balance has separate keys for zero adjustment («G») and for taring («H»).
G
H
Zero adjustment: The «G» key sets a new zero, and all weights (including the tare)
are measured with reference to this zero. After adjusting the zero both the tare weight and
the net (gross) weight are equal to 0. Use the zero setting key «G» whenever you want
to begin a new weighing process, and irst wish to measure the tare weight precisely.
Taring: If you are working with a weighing container, place it on the weighing pan. Close
the glass draft shield (if present), then press the «H» key to tare the scale. The taring
process sets the weight that has been placed on the scales since the last zero adjustment
as the new tare weight.The previous tare (if there was one) is overwritten.After taring,“Net”
appears on the display, indicating that all the displayed weights are net values.
Note: If, after the «H» key has been pressed, an instruction to press the «G» key
appears, you have attempted to set a negative tare value. This is not permitted. Adjust the
balance’s zero, and perform the taring again.
Weighing: Place the items to be weighed on the weighing pan, and close the glass draft
shield (if present). As soon as the stability detector icon (the small circle to the left of the
weight display) goes out, the display is stable and you can read off the weighing result.
The stability detector icon is still visible in this diagram, and therefore the weighing result
is not stable.
2.4
The Balance Software
The software controls all you balance’s functions. It also allows the balance to be adjusted for a speciic working environment. Please
take note of the following explanations, as they are the basic principle for using your balance.
The software consists of the following components:
– Applications
– Application-speciic settings
– System settings
Applications
I
Applications are software modules for carrying out speciic weighing tasks.Your balance is shipped from the factory
with a variety of standard applications (for normal weighing, statistics, formula weighing, density determination,
percent weighing, piece counting und dynamic weighing). Immediately after being switched on, the balance
runs the application for ordinary weighing. The applications are accessible via «I» key. You will ind instructions
on working with the standard applications starting from Section 4.
Application-specific settings
J
These settings allow you to adapt applications to suit your particular needs. The adjustments that can be made
vary according to which application has been selected. Pressing the «J» key opens the multi-page menu with
the settings for the currently active application. Information about the individual setting possibilities can be found
in the Section describing the particular application.
Basic Principles for Using the Terminal and the Software
12
System settings
I
The system settings are not application-dependent, and apply to the entire weighing system (e.g. setting the
dialog language). To call up the system settings, press the «I» key and then the “System” button. You will ind
information on the individual possible settings in Chapter 3.
The following diagram illustrates the connections between the individual components of the software, and provides an initial overview
of a typical operating procedure.
Operating step
1. Select the application
I
Example
2. Work
3. If desired:
Change the settings for the
chosen application (applicationdependent settings)
4. If desired:
Change the system settings
J
Conirm the settings
by pressing “OK” or
return directly to the
application with the
«A» key.
I
Conirm the settings
by pressing “OK”
and“Exit”, or return
directly to the active
application with the
«A» key.
Basic Principles for Using the Terminal and the Software
13
2.5
The Typical Operating Sequence
The typical operating sequence is described briely below, without going into detail about special application-speciic features.
On
Off
Switch on the balance: Switch the balance on by briely pressing
the «On/Off» key. Immediately after being switched on, the balance
runs the most recently used application.
Note: The display of your scales may differ from the example,
depending on the application that was used last and on whatever
settings were made.
I
Select the application: If you do not want to work with the
current application, use the «I» to select the application menu
(or alternatively by touching the appropriate zone in the upper
left-hand corner of the display). Touch the icon for the desired
application, and the relevant software will load.
J
Change application-specific settings: If you want to change the
settings for the active application, press the «J» key. Information on
the application-dependent settings can be found in the description
of each individual application (Chapter 4ff).
I
Change system settings: If you want to change system settings
that apply to the entire weighing system, i.e. to all the applications,
then press the «I» key and then the “System” button. The system
settings are described in detail in Chapter 3.
Working: Carry out the desired operations. Information on working
with the individual applications can be found in Chapter 4ff.
On
Off
Switch off the balance: After completion of the work, switch off
the balance by pressing and holding down the «On/Off» key.
Basic Principles for Using the Terminal and the Software
14
2.6
The Security System in Your Balance
Your balance’s system settings, or parts of them, can be protected against unauthorized modiications by means of a password (detailed information can be found in Section 3.9). A password is deined when the balance is shipped from the factory (see Section 3.9).
However, the menu settings are chosen so that you have unrestricted access to all system settings.
If you want to call up part of a menu that is protected by the password, an alphanumeric
keyboard appears on the display.
Type in the password. Observe upper and lower case, using the “a...z” or “A...Z” button to
change case; numerical characters can be entered by pressing the “0...9” button.You can
use the arrow key to delete incorrect input character by character. For security reasons,
the password is not shown in plain text, but the individual characters are represented by
an asterisk.
Note: You can cancel password dialog box at any time by pressing “C”.
As soon as you have entered the whole of the password, press “OK”. If the password is
correct, the selected menu will appear. Otherwise, an error message will be displayed
together with the prompt to re-enter the password.
WARNING: Note your password very carefully! If you forget the password, there is
no way of recreating access to the protected menu area! We recommend that you
write the password down and save it a safe place!
System Settings
15
3
System Settings
You will learn in this Section how to adapt the weighing system to suit your requirements. The system settings apply to the entire
weighing system, and therefore to all the applications. Note: You can learn about the application-dependent settings in the description
of each application.
3.1
Calling up the System Settings
I
3.2
Open the application menu with the «I» key, and then press the “System” button.
An Overview of the System Settings
The system settings are represented by icons. The individual settings can be called up and modiied by pressing the icons. The arrow
keys allow you to switch between the individual menu pages. The following Sections contain detailed instructions on the settings that
can be made.
The following system settings are available on the irst menu page:
“Adjust/Test”:
Settings for adjustment (calibration) and for the test functions that
check the calibration (Section 3.3).
“Wghparam”
Settings (weighing parameters) for adjusting the balance to a
particular weighing task (Section 3.4).
“Language”:
Select dialog language (Section 3.5).
“Peripherals”:
Configuring the interface for various peripheral devices
(Section 3.6).
The following system settings are found on the second menu page:
“Terminal”:
Settings for the display (brightness etc.) and for the behavior of the
terminal (Section 3.7).
“Date/Time”:
Input of date and time, and selection of the desired display format
(Section 3.8).
“Rights”:
Assignment of access rights and passwords for weighing functions
and menus (Section 3.9).
“Standby":
Settings for the “Standby” mode (Section 3.10).
The following system settings are available on the third menu page:
“Switch”:
Settings for external momentary contact switches (Section 3.11).
“Factory”:
Restoring the factory settings (Section 3.12).
“Balance Info”:
Display/printout of balance information (Section 3.13).
After making all the necessary settings, press the “Exit” button or the «A» key to return to
the active application. In the following sections we present the various system settings
in detail.
Note: After the installation of special interface options (e.g.Ethernet),the additional system
settings symbol shown at left is displayed showing global settings for these interfaces.
These settings are described in the instructions which were supplied with the optional
interface.
System Settings
16
3.3
Settings for Calibration and Tests
In these menus you can make all the settings associated with the adjustment (calibration) of your balance.
In the following subsections you will ind information on all the possible settings for
adjustment, testing procedures and their recording.
3.3.1
Fully Automatic Adjustment Function “FACT”
You can make the settings for fully automatic adjustment using the internal adjustment
weight in this menu (FACT). FACT (Fully Automatic Calibration Technology) calibrates
the balance under full automatic control on the basis of a pre-selected temperature
criterion.
Note: With the certiied versions of balances, this option can not be selected, i.e. FACT
is always active.
The following settings are available:
“Off”
Fully automatic adjustment, FACT, is switched off.
“On”
Fully automatic adjustment, FACT, is switched on.
The “Define” button permits you to specify the behavior of the FACT adjustment
function:
– “Temperature Criterion” speciies the ambient temperature at which automatic
adjustment should be triggered. If you select “Off”, automatic calibration on the basis
of a temperature criterion will not take place.
– “Protocol Trigger” speciies whether an adjustment report should be printed automatically. If you select “Off”, automatic printouts will not be made. If “On” is selected, a
record will automatically be printed out whenever the balance undergoes automatic
adjustment.
“CalInfo”
Although the FACT temperature criterion is active, automatic adjustment will not take place
when the criterion is satisied. Instead of this, a status icon will appear in the upper right
area of the display (Section 13.3), prompting the user to carry out manual adjustment,
either with the internal or external adjustment weight.
Menu factory settings: “FACT”:
“Temp.Criterion”:
“Protocol Trigger”:
active (“On”)
model-dependent
“On”
System Settings
17
3.3.2
Define External Adjustment Weight
If you work with an external adjustment weight, you can specify its properties here (Note:
In accordance with country-speciic regulations, this function may not necessarily be
available on certiied balances).
The following settings are available:
“Weight”
You can specify the weight of the external adjustment weight here. A numerical input
window appears. Enter the mass of the external adjustment weight (in grams).
Setting range:
model-dependent
“ID”
You can assign an identiier to the adjustment weight used here (max. 20 characters).
This makes it easier to identify the adjustment weight. The identiier of the weight can be
printed out on the calibration record. The input window allows alphanumeric characters
to be entered.
Factory setting:
nothing is speciied
“Certificate No.”
Adjustment weights are usually supplied with a certiicate.You can enter the name or number
of the supplied certiicate here (max. 20 characters). This allows the used adjustment
weight to be clearly assigned to a particular certiicate. The name of the certiicate can
be printed out on the calibration record. The same alphanumeric input window appears
as is used for the ID.
Factory setting:
nothing is speciied
System Settings
18
3.3.3
Define External Test Weight
If you use an external weight to check the calibration, you can enter its properties (weight,
ID and certiicate number) here.
The same settings and input window as are used to deine an external adjustment weight,
described in the previous section, are available.
Factory setting:
3.3.4
model-dependent
Define Adjustment and Test Printouts
In this menu, which covers two pages, you can specify the information to be printed on
the adjustment and test records.
You can activate the desired information by pressing the appropriate boxes. Those items
of information that have a tick will be printed out. You can return to the factory setting by
pressing “STD”. Press “OK” to save the changes (or press “C” to leave the input window
without saving).
The following items of record information are available:
“Date/Time”
The date and time of the adjustment are printed out in the speciied date and time format
(Section 3.8).
“Balance Type”
This information is stored in the weighing platform and in the terminal, and cannot be
changed by the user.
“SNR”
The serial numbers of the terminal and of the weighing platform are printed out.These are
stored in the weighing platform or in the terminal, and cannot be changed by the user.
“SW Version”
The version numbers of the balance software (one number each for the terminal and the
weighing platform) are printed out.
“Weight ID”
The identification specified for an external adjustment weight is printed out
(Section 3.3.2).
“Certificate No.”
The name speciied for the certiicate associated with an external adjustment weight is
printed out (Section 3.3.2).
“Temperature”
The temperature at the time of the adjustment is printed out.
System Settings
19
Sample printout of a test using an external adjustment weight (with all print-out
options selected)
---- External test ----28.Jul 2004
14:50
METTLER TOLEDO
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
SW WeighBridge
1.02
SW Terminal
1.14
Weight ID
ETW-5000/R
Certificate No.
MT-412
“Nominal Weight”
The target weight for the adjustment/test is printed out (only in the case of adjustment/
testing with an external weight, Section 3.3.2).
“Actual Weight”
The measurement (actual weight) from the test is printed out (only in the case of testing
with an external weight, Section 3.3.3).
“Diff.”
The difference between the target and actual weights is printed out (only when testing
with an external weight).
“Signature”
An additional line is printed out where the record can be signed.
Factory setting:
Temperature
22.6
Nominal Weight
5000.00
Actual
5000.12
Diff
0.12
°C
“Date/Time”, “Balance Type”, “SNR”, “Nominal weight”, “Actual
Weight”,“Diff.” and “Signature”.
g
g
g
Test done
Signature
........................
------------------------
3.4
Specify Balance Parameters
You can adapt the balance to your speciic requirements in these menus. Note: Access to the balance parameters can be protected by
a password (Section 3.9); in that case you will be asked to enter the password when selecting the balance parameters.
In the following subsections you will ind information about the individual balance
parameters and about the available settings.
System Settings
20
3.4.1
Adaptation to the Type of Balance
By setting the Weighing Mode you adapt the balance to the weighing type. Select the
“Universal” weighing mode for all ordinary weighing processes, or “Dosing” to dispense
liquid or powder materials. With this setting the balance reacts very quickly to very small
changes in weight.The “Sensor Mode” setting supplies a weighing signal which is iltered
to an extent which depends on the setting for the environmental conditions. The ilter
behaves linearly in relation to time (not adaptively) and is suitable for the continuous
processing of measurement values. Under the “Checkweighing” setting the balance only
responds to large changes in weight, and the measurement is therefore very stable. Note:
The number of settings available depends on the model.
Factory setting:
3.4.2
“Universal”
Adaptation to the Ambient Conditions
With this setting the balance can be ideally adjusted to match the ambient conditions at
its location. If you are working in an environment which is practically free from drafts and
vibrations, choose the “Stable” setting. If, on the other hand, you work in an environment
where the conditions are continuously changing, select “Unstable” or “Very unstable”.The
“Standard” setting corresponds to an average working environment subject to moderate
variations in the ambient conditions. Note: The number of settings available depends
on the model.
Factory setting:
3.4.3
“Standard”
Speed of the Value Release
With this setting you can specify how rapidly the balance considers the measurement
to be stable and therefore releases the value. The “Very fast” setting is recommended if
you require rapid measurements whose repeatability is of lower signiicance. The “Very
reliable” setting leads to measurements that are highly repeatable, but it lengthens the
settling time. Three other intermediate settings can be selected.
Factory setting:
3.4.4
“Reliable + Fast”
Automatic Zero Setting
Automatic zero setting (“AutoZero”) continuously corrects possible variations in the zero
point that might be caused through small amounts of contamination on the weighing
pan.
You can use this menu option to switch the automatic zero setting on or off.
Factory setting:
“On” (switched on)
System Settings
21
3.5
Select Dialog Language
In this menu you select the language in which you wish to communicate with the balance.
Factory setting:
3.6
Usually the language is preset to that of the country for which
the balance is intended.
Select Peripheral Devices
A number of different peripheral devices can the connected to the interface(s) of your balance. In this menu you can specify which
device is connected, and with which parameters the interface should operate.
The following settings may be chosen:
– “Printer”:
Printer (Note regarding printed reports: Depending on
country-speciic rules, on certiied versions of balances the
uncertiied decimal places are displayed in brackets.)
– “Host”:
External computer (bi-directional communication; the
balance can send data to the PC,and can receive commands
or data from it)
– “Secondary Display”:
Secondary display
– “Bar Code”:
Barcode reader
– “Ext. Keyboard”:
External PC keyboard
Speciic facilities for adjusting the interface are available for each of these devices:“Off”
means that no device of this type is to be connected.“RS232 built-in” refers to the RS232C
interface itted at the factory. If other, optional interfaces are present, these are displayed
(as is the second serial interface,“RS232 Option”, in the example shown here).At this point,
however, only the parameters for the RS232C interface itted at the factory are explained.
Important: You can only activate one device for each interface that is present, and all
other devices must be deactivated (“Off”). If you activate a new device, the previously
selected device is automatically deactivated.
System Settings
22
If you have activated a device you can adjust the interface parameters for communication
with that device with the “Deine” button (baud rate, bit/parity, stop bits, Handshake, end
of line, character set, and continuous mode).
Factory setting:
“Host”
(9600 baud, 8 data bits/no parity, 1 stop bit, Xon/Xoff protocol,
End of line character <CR><LF>, ANSI/WINDOWS character set,
Continuous mode Off)
Important: To ensure that special characters (e.g.“°C”) are printed out correctly on METTLER
TOLEDO printers, balance and printer must be set to 8 data bits.
Note:For operation with a printer,under“Char Set”the setting IBM/DOS
must be selected.
If under “Host” the built-in RS232C interface has been selected, you can additionally
activate Continuous mode.
In “Continuous mode” you can specify various different data formats (MT–SICS, PM,AT/MT)
depending on which peripheral device is connected.You can also specify the update rate
per second (2, 5, 6, 10).
Factory setting: “Output format”: MT–SICS,“Updates/sec”: 5
System Settings
23
3.7
Terminal Settings
In this menu you can adapt the terminal to suit your needs and can adjust the display.
The following parameters are available:
“Brightness”
Here you can adjust the brightness of the display. Use the arrow keys to adjust the
brightness between 20% and 100% (in steps of 20%) as required. The brightness is
modiied immediately each time either of the arrow keys is pressed, so that you can see
the change straightaway.
Factory setting:
80%
Note: If the balance is not used for 15 minutes,the brightness of the display is automatically
reduced to 20%. This extends the service life of the back illumination. The brightness is
immediately returned to the value that has been selected here as soon as either a key is
pressed or the weight changes.
“Contrast”
Adjusting the display contrast (range of settings 0% – 100% Contrast). The settings are
made in a similar way to those for brightness, but in 2% steps.
Factory setting:
50%
“Sound”
Setting the volume of the beep (setting range 0% – 100% in steps of 10%). Selecting 0%
switches the beep off. A slider is provided to make the setting, similar to the adjustments
for brightness and contrast.
Factory setting:
70%
“Touch Function”
If you switch off the “touch screen” function, the display no longer reacts to touch when
in weighing mode, which means that you are no longer able to make settings simply by
pressing the display (exception: function keys). Important: The contact function is always
active in setting mode, since otherwise it would be impossible to make adjustments.
Factory setting:
“On”
“Touch adjustment”
If you have the impression that the balance is no longer reacting correctly when you
press certain locations on the display, you can adjust the touch screen. After pressing the
“Activate” key a window opens in which you are asked to press the lashing area. This
procedure is repeated a number of times (it is possible to stop at any time by pressing
the “C” key).
System Settings
24
3.8
Date and Time
In this menu you can enter the date and time, and can select their display format. You can also specify whether the date or the time
are to appear on the display.
The following options can be set:
“Date Format” (for the display)
The following date formats are available:
“D.MMM YYYY”
Display example:
28. Jul 2004
“MMM D YYYY” Display example:
Jul 28 2004
“DD.MM.YYYY”
Display example:
28.07.2004
“MM/DD/YYYY” Display example:
07/28/2004
Factory setting:
“D.MMM.YYYY”
“Date”
Setting the current date. A numerical input window appears. Enter the current date in
the format day–month–year (DD.MM.YYYY), regardless of which date format you have
selected for display purposes.
Note: You can also make the setting directly by pressing the date in weighing mode. A
window appears in which you can directly enter the date.
“Time Format” (for the display)
You can specify the format in which the time is to be displayed here. The following time
formats are available:
“24:MM”
“12:MM”
“24.MM”
“12.MM”
Factory setting:
Display example:
Display example:
Display example:
Display example:
15:04
3:04 PM
15.04
3.04 PM
“24:MM”
“Time”
Setting the current time. Enter the current time in the 24 hour format (hh.mm.ss),
regardless of which time format you have selected for display purposes.The input window
is similar to that for the date. The “+1H” and “–1H” buttons are also available, and with
these you can set the current time forwards or backwards by one hour.This makes it easy
to adjust for summer or winter time. Note: You can also set the time directly by pressing
the time display in weighing mode.
System Settings
25
“Date/Time Display”
You can specify whether the date or the time is to be shown in the upper right-hand
corner of the display:
“Date”
“Time”
Factory setting:
3.9
The date is shown on the display
The time is shown on the display
“Date”
Define Access Rights and Specify the Password
In this menu you can deine and specify a password that can be used to protect menu areas.
The following settings are available:
“Password”
After pressing the “Define” button, an alphanumeric input box appears.The factory setting
is “0”. Enter the desired password (max. 20 characters) and conirm the input with “OK”.
The password may contain letters and numbers. If you use upper and lower case letters,
these must also be entered later when entering the password.
Note: If you clear an existing password using the arrow keys, and do not enter a new
password, an error message appears.
Factory setting:
“0” (Zero)
“System”
You specify here whether the entire system settings area is to be protected with the
password. If you select “No Protection” all the system settings are freely accessible. To
protect the system settings, select “Password”. The password will then be required every
time the system settings are called up.
Factory setting:
“No Protection”
“Wghparam”
This setting allows you to protect the weighing parameters (part of the system settings, see Section 3.4) from unauthorized access
(“Password”) or to cancel existing password protection (“No Protection”). The other system settings are freely accessible unless they
are also individually protected (see above).
Factory setting:
“No Protection”
“Access Rights”
This setting allows you to protect the access rights (the part of the system settings in which you are presently working) from unauthorized
access. This prevents unauthorized modiication of the password and of the access rights.
Factory setting:
“No Protection”
System Settings
26
WARNING: If you forget the password, there is no way of recreating access to the protected menu area! If
you have protected either the system settings as a whole or just the access rights with a password, then
it is no longer possible to define another password or to remove the password protection! We therefore
recommend that you write the password down and save it a safe place! If you are unable to find the
password, please contact the METTLER TOLEDO customer service department.
3.10
Energy Saving Function (Standby)
In this menu you can specify the length of time for which the balance is to be inactive before it switches automatically into “standby”
mode.
You can switch the energy saving function off (“Off”), or you can specify a period of 30, 60, 120 or 240 minutes
after which the balance is to switch itself into standby mode. The standby mode is the same state into which the
balance enters when switched off with the «On/Off» key. The «On/Off» key must be pressed to turn the balance
on again.
Factory setting:
“Off” (standby mode deactivated)
Note: The brightness of the display is reduced automatically if the balance is not used for a period of 15 minutes,
regardless of the setting for the standby mode (Section 3.7). In case the displayed value is changed while the
15 minutes (e.g. by vibration), the balance waits for another 15 minutes until reducing the brightness of the
display.
3.11
Settings for External Keys (Aux Connections)
The METTLER TOLEDO “ErgoSens” or external contact switches can be connected to the “Aux 1” and “Aux2” connections on your balance,
and these can be used to execute certain weighing functions. A function is assigned to each switch in this menu.
Select the desired function for each“ErgoSens” :“Print”, zero setting («G») or taring («H»). If no“ErgoSens”
is connected to the corresponding Aux connection, or if you want to deactivate it, select “Off”.
Factory setting:
“Off”
System Settings
27
3.12
Loading the Factory Settings
In this menu you can return all the settings in the balance to the factory settings.
Please note:This reset will affect all the system settings as well as all the applicationspecific settings!
For security reasons you will be prompted to conirm whether you really want to load the
factory settings. Select “OK” to load the factory settings, or “C” to retain the settings that
have been made up to now.
The balance will restart after you have conirmed the reset. All the system settings and
the application-speciic settings have to be made again.
3.13
Access Balance Information
You can specify an identiier for your balance in this menu and can access the balance information.
The following options are available:
“Balance ID”
You can assign an identiier to your balance here (max. 20 characters).This makes it easier
to identify individual balances in plants where more than one balance is used. The input
window allows alphanumeric characters to be entered.
Factory setting:
nothing is speciied
System Settings
28
“Balance Information”
After pressing the “Show” button a window opens containing information about the
balance and the built-in options. This information is of particular signiicance for service
technicians. If you ring the METTLER TOLEDO customer service department you should
have this information at hand.
By pressing the «F» key you can print out the balance information (assuming that a
printer is connected and has been activated as an output device in the peripheral device
settings).
3.14
Printing the System Settings
System
Adjust/Test
FACT
On
FACT
FACT
Temp.Criterion 1 Kelvin
Protocol Trigger
On
Adjustweight
5000.00 g
Weight
5000.00 g
ID
ECW-5000/1
Certificate No. MT-414/A
Testweight 5000.00 g
Weight
5000.00 g
ID
ETW-5000/R
Certificate No.
MT-412
Protocol
Date/Time
x
Balance Type
x
SNR
x
SW-Version
Weight ID
Certificate No.
Temperature
Nominal Weight
x
Actual Weight
x
Diff
x
Signature
x
Wghparam
Weighing Mode Universal
Environment
Standard
Value Release
Reliable+Fast
AutoZero
On
Language
Language
English
As long as you are in the system settings area, you can print them out at any time by
pressing the «F» key (assuming that a printer is connected and has been activated as
an output device in the peripheral device settings).
The diagram here shows a section of a printout of system settings.
The system settings of the open window and the settings of the related submenu are
printed out.
The “Weighing” Application
29
4
The “Weighing” Application
In this Section we describe the “Weighing” application. You will ind information here about practical aspects of working with this
application and about its speciic settings. (Information about the system settings that are not speciic to the application are to be
found in Section 3.)
4.1
Select the Application
Unless the“Weighing”application is already active,press the «I» key.Press the“Weighing”
icon in the selection window. The balance is then ready for weighing.
I
4.2
Settings for the “Weighing” Application
You have already learnt in Section 2 how a simple weighing process is carried out. In addition to the operating sequences described
there (zero setting, taring and the execution of a simple weighing procedure), your balance offers you a wide range of facilities for
adapting the “Weighing” procedure to your speciic requirements.
4.2.1
Overview
J
The application-speciic settings can be accessed via the «J» key. The irst of a total of
four menu pages appears after pressing this key.
The following settings are available for the “Weighing” application:
“Function Keys”:
You can specify here the function keys that are to appear at the
bottom edge of the display. These keys allow direct access to
speciic functions (Section 4.2.2).
“Info Field”:
You can specify the information ields that are to appear here
(Section 4.2.3).
“AutoPrint”:
You can choose here whether the weighing result should
automatically be printed out (Section 4.2.4).
You can access the next menu page by pressing the button with the arrow symbol.
“Display Unit”:
Specifies the unit in which the result will be displayed
(Section 4.2.5).
“Info Unit”:
Speciies an additional weight unit that appears in the display as
an information ield (Section 4.2.5).
“Custom Unit”:
Deinition of a unique weight unit 1 (Section 4.2.6).
You can return to the previous menu page or move on to the next page by pressing one
of the buttons with the arrow symbol.
The “Weighing” Application
30
The following settings are available on the third menu page:
“Protocol”:
Select the information that is to appear on the weighing printout
(Section 4.2.7).
“Print Key”:
Speciies the behavior of the «F» key for manually printing weighing
results (Section 4.2.8).
“Transfer Key”:
Formats the data that are output with the “Transfer” function key
(Section 4.2.9).
The following settings are available on the fourth menu page:
“Identification”:
Deinition of identiications (Section 4.2.10).
“Bar Code”:
These settings are only relevant if a barcode reader is connected.
You can specify how its data is to be handled (Section 4.2.11).
“Ext. Keyboard”:
These settings are only relevant if an external keyboard is connected.
Allows you to specify how keyboard inputs are to be processed
(Section 4.2.12).
After making all the necessary settings, press the “OK” button to return to the
application.
In the following sections we will present the various settings for the “Weighing” application
in detail.
Printing out the application-specific settings:
Weighing
Function Keys
ID
Display
Lotcounter
Adjust.int
Adjust.ext
Test int
Test ext
1/10d
Header
Footer
Info Field
ID1
ID2
ID3
Info Unit
Tare
Gross
AutoPrint
Display Unit
Info Unit
2
1
4
3
1
2
Off
g
g
As long as you are in the area for the application-speciic settings, you can print out the
settings at any time by pressing the «F» key (assuming that a printer is connected and
has been activated as an output device in the system settings).
The diagram here shows a Section of a printout of application-speciic settings.
The “Weighing” Application
31
4.2.2
Select Function Keys
Function keys offer you direct access to speciic functions and settings for the application.The function keys are shown in the application
on the lower edge of the display (see Section 2.2). The corresponding function is initiated by pressing one of the buttons.
In this menu you can specify which functions should be made available in the application.
The function keys that have a number will be displayed in the application. The numbers specify the sequence of the function keys on
the display. If you activate or deactivate a function key by pressing it, the sequence of the keys is automatically updated. To specify a
completely new sequence, irst deactivate all the function keys, then activate them again in the desired sequence. You can return to the
factory setting by pressing “STD”. Press “OK” to save the changes (or press “C” to leave the input window without saving).
The following function keys are available.
“ID”:
This function key allows you to assign identiiers (descriptive texts) to individual weighing
processes.These will be included in the printouts.After pressing the function key, a window
appears in which you select the ID, after which you can enter the desired text. You will
ind information on the deinition of the identiiers in Section 4.2.10. Practical notes on
working with identiiers may be found in Section 4.3.3.
“Display”:
This function key allows you to switch between three different types of display (Section
2.2).
“Lotcounter”:
This function key allows you to enter an initial value for the item counter
(Section 4.3.2).
“Adjust.int.” and “Adjust.ext.”:
Adjustment of the balance using an internal or external adjustment weight. You will ind
notes on executing and recording the adjustment in Section 4.4.
“Test int.” and “Test ext.”:
Checking the balance adjustment using an internal or external test weight. You will ind
notes on carrying out the test in Section 4.4.
“1/10d”:
This function key allows you to modify the readability of the weighing result
(Section 4.3.1).
“Header” and “Footer”:
These function keys print the header and footer lines of the printout respectively (Section
4.2.7).
“Transfer”:
This function key allows the current weight value to be sent directly to the connected host
computer, without additional data (additional information). If desired, the output data can
be formatted (Section 7.2.9).
Factory setting:
“Adjust.int.”,“Display” and “1/10d” are activated (in this sequence).
The “Weighing” Application
32
4.2.3
Select Information Fields
The information ields provide continuous information about set values, measured results and so forth. The information ields are
displayed in the application underneath the weighing result. Note: The information ields are only shown in the display mode in which
the weight itself is represented on a small scale. In the other two display modes, the larger display of the weight uses the space taken
by the information ields (Section 2.2).
In this menu you can specify which information ields should be displayed in the
application.
The information ields that have a number will be displayed in the application.The numbers
specify the sequence of the information ields on the display. Important: For reasons of
space, a maximum of three information ields can be displayed. If you activate more than
three information ields, only the irst three will in fact appear on the display. If you activate
or deactivate an information ield by pressing it, the sequence of the ields is automatically
updated. To specify a completely new sequence, irst deactivate all the information ields,
then activate them again in the desired sequence. You can return to the factory setting
with “STD”, while “C” allows you to leave the input window without saving. If you wish to
save your changes, press “OK”.
The following information ields are available:
“ID1”,“ID2” and “ID3”:
These information ields display the identiiers entered by means of the “ID” function key.
Note: The identiiers that have been speciied are displayed, not “ID1”, “ID2” and “ID3”
(Section 4.2.10).
“Info Unit”:
This information ield displays the weghing result in the second weighing unit that you
have chosen (Section 4.2.5).
“Tare”:
This information ield displays the current tare value (in the same unit of weight as the
weighing result in the main display).
“Gross”:
This information ield displays the current gross weight (in the same unit of weight as the
weighing result in the main display).
Factory setting:
No information ields are activated.
4.2.4
Selections for Automatic Printouts
With this menu option you can specify whether the weighing result should automatically be printed out.
“Off”:
The weighing result is not automatically printed out, and the «F»
key must be pressed to print the result.
“On”:
The weighing result is automatically printed out, provided the net
weight is of at least a certain value (dependent on the model of
the balance). The information that is printed out is what you have
speciied for printing individual values (Section 4.2.7).
Factory setting:
“Off”.
The “Weighing” Application
33
4.2.5
Select Weighing Units
You can specify the weighing units with which you want to work in the “Display Unit” and “Info Unit” menus. If two different units are
chosen, you can have the weighing result displayed in two different weighing units at the same time.
The same range of units can be selected for the “Display Unit” as for the “Info Unit” .
Note: Depending on country-speciic rules,on certiied versions of balances some weighing
units may not be available.
If the “Display Unit” is changed, both the current measured weight and the values
displayed in the “Tare” and “Gross” information ields (Section 4.2.3) appear in the
new weighing unit.
The “info Unit” is used for the information ield of the same name (Section 4.2.3).
Factory setting:
4.2.6
Depends on the model (for both units).
Define Freely Selectable Weighing Units
You can deine your own weighing unit in the “Custom Unit” menu. This permits calculations to be carried out immediately as the
weighing result is found (e.g. for surface areas or volumes). The freely selectable weighing unit is available in all the menus and input
ields where weighing units can be chosen.
The following ields are available in order to deine the freely selectable weighing unit:
“Formula”:
This is where you can specify how the value which will be speciied below under “Factor”
is to be applied to the calculation.Two formulas are available, in which “F” represents the
factor, while “Net” represents the value of the weighing result. In the irst formula, the net
weight is multiplied by the factor, whereas in the second formula the factor is divided by
the net weight. The formula can, for instance, be used to compensate immediately for a
known error factor in the weight determination.
“Factor (F)”:
Here you can specify the factor (>0…max.10 000 000) that is to be used to modify the
(net) weighing result (in accordance with the previously selected formula).
“Name”:
Enter a name for your free weighing unit (max. 4 characters). Note: It is not permitted to
enter weight units (“g”,“kg”, etc.), and these will be rejected with an error message.
“Result Output.Form”:
You can specify the formatting of the weighing result here. Example: A setting of “0.05”
deines two decimal igures rounded to the nearest 5 (this would mean that a measured
result of 123.4777 would be displayed as 123.50). Note: This function can only be used
to reduce the readability of the results. Do not enter a value that exceeds the maximum
readability of your balance!
Factory setting:
No free weighing unit is deined (“Off”)
The “Weighing” Application
34
4.2.7
Define Printout
In this menu you can specify the information that is to appear on the weighing printout.
For the sake of clarity, this large menu is divided into three submenus in which you can
specify the options for the printout header, the printing of the individual values, and for
the footer.
Options for the printout header
In this submenu you can specify the information that is to be printed at the top of the
weighing printout (before the results themselves).The header will automatically be printed
if it is deined as an element of the weighing printout (see “Options for printing out the
individual values” overleaf). It can, however, also been printed out separately by pressing
the “Header” function key. Examine the sample printout illustrated here.
You can activate the desired information by pressing the appropriate boxes. Those items
of information that have a tick will be printed out. You can return to the factory setting
with “STD”, while “C” allows you to leave the input window without saving. If you wish to
save your changes, press “OK”.
The following header options are available:
------- Weighing ------28.Jul 2004
19:40
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Customer
Smith Inc.
Order
RP_222
Lot
09-34
Signature
........................
“Blank Line”:
An empty line is inserted.
“Appl. Name”:
The name of the application is printed (“Weighing”).
“Date/Time”:
The current date and time are printed.
“Balance Type”:
The model of the balance is read from the internal electronics, and
cannot be changed by the user.
“SNR”:
The serial numbers of the terminal and of the weighing platform are
read from the balance’s electronics, and can not be changed.
“ID1”,“ID2”,“ID3”:
The identiiers speciied by means of the “ID” function key are
printed (Section 4.3.3).
“Signature”:
Inserts a dotted line where the printout can be signed.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (the application’s identiier) is activated.
The “Weighing” Application
35
Options for printing out the individual values
In this submenu you can specify the information that is to be printed for every individual
weighing result (after pressing the «F» key).
The following information is available for inclusion on the printouts of weights:
T
N
G
N
54.37
868.24
922.61
0.86824
g
g
g
kg
“Header”:
The information speciied for the header is printed (see previous
paragraph).
“Blank Line”:
An empty line is inserted.
“ID1”,“ID2”,“ID3”:
The identiiers that have been entered through the function keys
with these names are printed (Section 4.3.3).
“Tare”:
The tare value used in the current weighing is printed.
“Net”:
The value of the net weight from the current weighing is printed.
“Gross”:
The value of the gross weight from the current weighing is printed.
“Info Unit”:
The result of the weighing (the net value) is also printed using the
selected information unit (Section 4.2.5).
“Signature”:
Inserts a dotted line where the printout can be signed.
Factory setting:
“Blank line” and “Net” are active.
The sample shown here illustrates a printout including all the options for the individual
values, with the exception of the “Header", “Blank Line" and the “IDs", since these have
already been illustrated in the sample printout for the header.
“T” =
“N” =
“G” =
Tare value
Value of the net weight
Value of the gross weight
Options for the footer on the printout
In this submenu you can specify the information that is to be printed at the bottom of
the weighing printout (after the results themselves). The footer is printed, if the “Footer”
function keys pressed.
The following footer options are available:
“Blank Line”:
An empty line is inserted.
“Appl. Name”:
The name of the application is printed (“Weighing”).
“Date/Time”:
The current date and time are printed.
“Balance Type”:
The model of the balance is read from the internal electronics, and
cannot be changed by the user.
“SNR”:
The serial numbers of the terminal and of the weighing platform are
read from the balance’s electronics, and can not be changed.
“ID1”,“ID2”,“ID3”:
The identiiers speciied by means of the “ID” function key are
printed (Section 4.3.3).
The “Weighing” Application
36
4.2.8
“Signature”:
Inserts a dotted line where the printout can be signed.
“Dash Line”:
Inserts a broken separating line.
“3 Blank Lines”:
Prints three blank lines to complete the printout (paper advance).
Factory setting:
“Signature” and “3 Blank Lines” are active.
Selections for Manual Printouts
The settings in the “Print Key” menu allow you to specify the behavior of the «F» (printout) key.
4.2.9
“Stable”:
After pressing the «F» key the printout will not be made until the
weighing result is stable.
“Dynamic”:
After pressing the «F» key the printout will be made immediately,
regardless of whether the weighing result is stable or not.
“Off”:
A printout is not made when the «F» key is pressed; the key is
inactive.
Factory setting:
“Stable”.
Formatting the Output Data
You can use the “Transfer” function key to transmit the stable weight value across the
interface to a host computer (Section 4.2.2). In this menu, you can specify how you
want the output values to be formatted. You may need to do this if you use your balance
together with other instruments, programs, or peripheral devices that require a particular
data format.You can also use this menu to specify whether the data should only be output
to the host or also to the printer.
At the factory, the data output is set to a standard format that is essentially the same
as the format displayed on the terminal, but followed by end-of-the-line characters that
are deined for the host (Section 3.6). Negative weight values have a minus sign placed
before the value. The output weight value is left-justiied.
Example (–12.8934 g):
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
–
1
2
.
8
9
3
4
9
10
11
12
g
CR
LF
Note: If you reduce the resolution of the displayed value, the weight value is also trasnmitted to the host with reduced resolution.
If, at the time when the data are transmitted, the balance is displaying an underload or
overload,“UNDERLOAD” or “OVERLOAD” is transmitted instead of the weight value.
The “Weighing” Application
37
If you want to change the output format, touch the button next to “Data output format”.
Activate “Customise” and then touch the “Define” button.
This menu contains settings for the following data ields:
– Net weight symbol
– Weight value
– Weight unit
In the output data, these ields are separated by a space character. The complete data
record is terminated with the end-of-line characters that were deined for the host (Section 3.6).
The settings for the individual data ields are explained below.
Net weight symbol
In the standard output format, net weights are not specially identiied. If you want the net
weights to be preceded by an “N” , you must activate this function and also specify the ield
length (1 – 10 characters). The net symbol is aligned left-justiied in the ield. Note: If the
balance has not been tared, the net symbol is not transmitted. Instead, space characters
corresponding to the selected ield length are transmitted.
Factory setting:
Net weight symbol deactivated.
Field length 5 characters.
Format of the weight value
To format the weight value, the following options are available:
“Field length”:
Total length of the data ield for the weight value including
sign, decimal point, and decimal places (1 – 20 characters).
Note: Irrespective of your setting, enough decimal places will always be output for the weight value shown on the terminal to be
completedly transmitted. The weight value is output right-justiied.
Factory setting: 10.
The “Weighing” Application
38
“No. of dec. digits”: Number of decimal places (0 – 6 digits). If the set number is less
than the number of decimal places displayed on the terminal, the
value will be rounded to the selected number of decimal places
before it is transmitted.
Factory setting: Max. number of decimal places of the balance.
“Sign”:
When set to “Always”, the weight value is always preceded by a
plus or minus sign. If you select “Neg. values”, negative values will
be preceded by a minus sign, but positive values will be transmitted
without a sign. Factory setting:“Neg. values”.
“Sign position”:
You can use this setting to specify whether the sign should be
immediately in front of the weight value (right justiied) or with a
gap in between (left justiied).
Factory setting: Right justiied (immediately in front of the weight
value).
Field for the weight unit
In the standard output format, each weight value is output with the associated weight
unit (corresponding to the current display unit). In this menu you can choose whether
weight units should be transmitted with or without unit and also specify the ield length
for the weight unit (1 – 5 characters). Irrespective of your setting for the ield length,
enough decimal places will be output for the weight value shown on the terminal to be
completely transmitted. The weight unit is output left-justiied (separated from the weight
value by a space character).
Factory setting:
Output of the weight unit is activated.
Field length 3 characters.
Data output on the printer
When you press the “Transfer” function key, the data are normally only trasnmitted to the
host. If you also want to send the data to the printer, activate the setting “Data transfer
to printer”. Note: The previously described settings for formatting the data do not affect
how the data are output on the printer. This is entirely controlled by the protocol settings
(Section 4.2.7).
Factory setting:
Data output on the printer is deactivated (“Off”).
The “Weighing” Application
39
4.2.10 Define Identifier
In this menu it is possible to activate the three identiiers that are available under the “ID” key (Section 4.2.2) and to change their
names.
Select the ID that you wish to activate or deactivate, or whose name you want change. Note:
Deactivated IDs (“Off”) are no longer available for selection under the “ID” function key.
A window then appears in which you can activate the ID and change the name.
At the factory, the IDs are pre-set with the names “ID1”,“ID2” and “ID3”. You can replace
these with your own names, such as “Customer” for “ID1”, “Order” for “ID2” and “Batch”
for “ID 3”.
Press the associated button in order to change the current name of an ID.An alphanumeric
input ield will appear where you can type the new name (max. 20 characters). The ID is
then available, with its new name, under the “ID” function key.
The names that have been entered also appear as the titles of the relevant information
ields (Section 4.2.3), and are also included on the printout (Section 4.2.7).
Notes on working with identiiers may be found in Section 4.3.3.
Factory setting:
“ID1” active (named “ID1”)
4.2.11 Specifications for Handling Barcode Data
If a barcode reader is connected to your balance, you can specify how its data is processed in this menu.
The following settings may be chosen:
"Off":
Barcode data is not processed. This setting should be chosen if a
barcode reader is not connected.
"ID1", "ID2", "ID3":
The received barcode data is treated as identifying text, and assigned to the corresponding identiier (Section 4.3.3). Note: The
identiiers that have been speciied are displayed, rather than "ID1",
"ID2" or "ID3" (Section 4.2.10).
“Host”:
The bar code data is not processed in the balance, but is transmitted
directly to a connected PC. If no PC is connected or the PC cannot
receive the data, the data is ignored.
“Open Input”:
The bar code data is written to the input window (e.g., item counter
or ID) that is currently open in the application and the input window
is then closed automatically. If no input window is open, the data
is ignored.
Factory setting:
"Off".
Note: If you connect a barcode reader to your balance, you must conigure the system
settings for the interface appropriately (Section 3.6).
The “Weighing” Application
40
4.2.12 Specifications for Processing Keyboard Entries
If an external keyboard is connected to your balance, this menu can be used to specify how the data is to be processed.
The following settings are available:
“Off”:
No keyboard entries are processed. This setting should be used if
no keyboard is connected.
“Host”:
The keyboard entries are not processed in the balance, but are
transmitted directly to the connected PC. If no PC is connected or
the PC cannot receive the data, the data is ignored.
“Open Input”:
The keyboard entries are written to the input window (e.g., item
counter or ID) that is currently open in the application and the
window is then closed automatically. If no input window is open,
the data is ignored.
Factory setting:
“Open Input”.
Note: If you connect an external keyboard to your balance, conigure the interface in the
system settings accordingly (Section 3.6).
The “Weighing” Application
41
4.3
Working With the “Weighing” Application
You have already seen in Section 2.3 how a simple weighing process is carried out. In this Section we will show you how the various
functions in the “Weighing” application can be used in practice.
4.3.1
Changing the Readability of the Measured Weight
The balance is factory adjusted so that the measured weight is displayed with the maximum readability of which the particular model
is capable (according to 1d). You can change the readability of the measured weight at any stage in your work.
To change the readability of the measured weight, the corresponding function key must
be activated (Section 4.2.2). This function key allows you to display the readability with
only one tenth of the precision, i.e. with one less decimal point.
4.3.2
Working With the Item Counter
The item counter inserts a number in front of every weight value on a printout, and this number is automatically increased by 1 with
every printout.
It is necessary to activate the associated function key in order to work with the item
counter (Section 4.2.2).
When you press this function key, a numerical input ield appears in which you can specify
the initial value for the item counter. The value is preset to 0 at the factory, which means
that the item counter is switched off. If you want to start the item counter, enter an initial
value in the range 1 ... 999.
4.3.3
1 N
35.87 g
2 N
60.24 g
3 N
80.48 g
Every time the «F» key is used to print out the results of a weighing, an item counter is
added in front of the weight values, and this counter is increased by 1 with every new
printout. When the counter reaches the maximum value of 999, numbering starts again
at 1.
Note: The item counter also functions in connection with automatic printouts (Section 4.2.4).
Working with Identifiers
Identiiers are texts that describe individual weighing procedures. They make it easy to assign weighed materials to particular orders or
customers. The identiiers are included on the printouts (or are transmitted to a connected computer).
It is necessary to activate the “ID” function key in order to be able to work with identiiers
(Section 4.2.2). This function key allows you to call up the available identiiers, of which
there may be up to three. Note: If the IDs are deactivated, the function key is shown in
gray, and pressing it has no effect. In that case it is necessary irst activate the IDs (Section
4.2.10), before you can use the identiiers.
The three identiiers are named “ID1”,“ID2” and “ID3” at the factory.You can replace these
names with more meaningful titles appropriate to your particular application (Section
4.2.10). The names you have chosen (such as “Customer” for ID1,“Order” for ID2 and
“Batch” for ID3) are then available under the “ID” function key.
The “Weighing” Application
42
We recommend that the corresponding information ields are also activated when working with identiiers (Section 4.2.3). The information ields have the names that you have
selected for the three identiiers.
The example here illustrates the balance’s display after activation of the ID function key
and the ID information ields.
The working example here is based on ID names as deined in the example above.
If you want to carry out an order for a customer in the application, press the“ID” function key.
You can then select the identiier for which you want to enter a text (e.g.“Customer”).
A ield appears where you can enter the customer name (see diagram here). Enter the
name, and conirm your entry with “OK”.
After pressing the“ID”function key and selecting the“Order”ID,a similar ield appears where
the order name can be entered. The batch name can be entered after you have pressed
the “ID” key and selected the “Batch” ID. Each identiier can be up to 20 characters long.
When all the entries are complete, you can check the selected identiiers again through
the information ields on the display.
All the identifying texts are stored until they are replaced by new ones.
Customer
Mettler-Toledo AG
Order
RF 414/01
Batch
07
N
114.46 g
If you have deined the weighing printout in such a way that the identiiers are included
in the printout (Section 4.2.7), then both the ID names that you have speciied (e.g.
“Customer”) and the text that has been entered (e.g. “Mettler-Toledo AG”) are printed.
The illustration here shows a printout including identiications in accordance with the
example above.
The “Weighing” Application
43
4.4
Adjust the Balance and Check the Adjustment
Your balance is factory set to fully automatic adjustment, FACT. FACT adjusts the balance automatically as soon as this is made necessary
by a change in the ambient temperature. You can, however, carry out a manual adjustment and/or check using the internal weight or
an external weight at any time.
It is assumed in the following descriptions that the appropriate function keys for adjustment and tests (Section 4.2.2) have been
activated.
4.4.1
Fully Automatic Adjustment FACT
FACT adjusts your balance automatically in accordance with a speciied temperature criterion (Section 3.3.1).
As soon as the speciied temperature criterion is satisied, this small status icon appears
in the top right-hand corner of the display. The balance indicates in this way that it wants
to carry out a FACT adjustment. Note: during the irst 24 hours following connection to
the mains, FACT will execute a number of times, regardless of what criterion has been
selected.
As soon as any load has been removed from the balance, and assuming that a key is not
pressed for a period of 2 minutes, the adjustment automatically begins.A window appears
in the course of the adjustment, informing you about the progress of the calibration. If you
are working with the balance at the time of the adjustment, you can stop FACT with the
“Cancel” button. The balance will carry out the adjustment at the next opportunity.
When the adjustment has been completed, the balance returns automatically to the application. Every FACT adjustment is recorded on a printout automatically in accordance
with the settings you have made (Section 3.3.1). What information is also included in
addition to the adjustment data depends on the settings you have made for adjustment
and test printouts (Section 3.3.4). You will ind a sample printout in Section 4.4.6.
4.4.2
Adjustment With the Internal Weight
Pressing this function key triggers an adjustment of the balance using the built-in adjustment weight. You can do this at any time; you can also specify in the system settings that
the balance requests adjustment as soon as a speciied change in ambient temperature
has taken place (“CalInfo” setting, Section 3.3.1).
You can hear motors moving the internal weight into place and removing it again. The
window shown here is displayed during the adjustment. The icons are animated, so that
you can visually follow the adjustment process. You can halt the adjustment process at
any time by pressing the “Cancel” key.
One of the two following messages will appear when the process is complete:
The adjustment has been successfully completed. Press “OK” to return to the application.
If a printer is connected to the balance the adjustment will automatically be recorded
on a hard copy in accordance with the speciications that you have made for printing
out adjustments in the system settings (Section 3.3.4). You will ind a sample printout
in Section 4.4.6.
The “Weighing” Application
44
An error occurred during the adjustment, and the process was aborted. This message
will also appear when you have cancelled the adjustment yourself. You can repeat the
adjustment procedure, or can return to the application by pressing “OK”.
4.4.3
Adjustment With an External Weight
Pressing this function key triggers an adjustment of the balance using an external adjustment weight. You can do this at any time; you can also specify in the system settings that
the balance requests adjustment as soon as a speciied change in ambient temperature
has taken place (“CalInfo” setting, Section 3.3.1). Note: Depending on regulations that
vary from country to country, adjustment with an external weight may not be available
on certiied balances.
If there is a weight on the weighing pan at the time of the adjustment, the lashing display
“0.00 g” prompts you to remove it. You will then be prompted to place the adjustment
weight on the pan. The required adjustment weight is indicated at the lower edge of the
window.
Important: Make sure that you place the correct weight on the pan, otherwise the adjustment process will be aborted with an error message. The adjustment weight can be
speciied in the system settings (Section 3.3.2).
Note: You can halt the adjustment process at any time with the “Cancel” key.
The adjustment process continues automatically once the required weight has been placed
on the pan. The window shown here is displayed during the adjustment.
At the end of the adjustment procedure, you are prompted to lift off the weight. Remove
the adjustment weight from the weighing pan.
The “Weighing” Application
45
The balance conirms successful completion of the adjustment. Press “OK” to return to
the application.
If a printer is connected to the balance the adjustment will automatically be recorded
on a hard copy in accordance with the speciications that you have made for printing
out adjustments in the system settings (Section 3.3.4). You will ind a sample printout
in Section 4.4.6.
If an error occurs during the adjustment process, a corresponding error message appears
similar to that for adjustment using the internal weight (see previous section).
4.4.4
Checking the Adjustment With the Internal Weight
You can use the internal weight to check the correct adjustment of your balance by
pressing this function key.
The checking procedure is similar to that used for adjustment with the internal weight
(Section 4.4.2).
Successful completion of the checking process is conirmed with the window shown here.
If a printer is connected to the balance the check will automatically be recorded on a hard
copy in accordance with the speciications that you have made for printing out checks in
the system settings (Section 3.3.4). You will ind a sample printout in Section 4.4.6.
An appropriate message appears if the checking process is aborted as a result of an
error.
4.4.5
Checking the Adjustment With an External Weight
You can use and external weight to check the correct adjustment of your balance by
pressing this function key.
The checking procedure is similar to that used for adjustment with an external weight.
After completion of the check a message appears similar to that for checking the adjustment using the internal weight. If a printer is connected to the balance the check will
automatically be recorded on a hard copy in accordance with the speciications that you
have made for printing out checks in the system settings (Section 3.3.4). You will ind a
sample printout in Section 4.4.6.
The “Weighing” Application
46
4.4.6
Adjustment and Test Printouts (Sample Printouts)
Printout of an internal or FACT adjustment
Printout of an external adjustment
- Internal adjustment -3.Sep 2004
17:37
- External adjustment -3.Sep 2004
18:39
METTLER TOLEDO
METTLER TOLEDO
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
SW WeighBridge
1.02
SW Terminal
1.14
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
SW WeighBridge
1.02
SW Terminal
1.14
Weight ID
ECW-5000/1
Certificate No. MT-414/A
Temperature
27.6 °C
Temperature
27.6 °C
Nominal
5000.00 g
Adjustment done
Signature
Adjustment done
........................
-----------------------Note: A signature line is not printed out
for a FACT adjustment.
Printout of an internal test
Signature
........................
-----------------------Printout of an external test
----- Internal test ---3.Sep 2004
17:38
---- External test ----3.Sep 2004
18:40
METTLER TOLEDO
METTLER TOLEDO
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
SW WeighBridge
1.02
SW Terminal
1.14
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
SW WeighBridge
1.02
SW Terminal
1.14
Weight ID
ETW-5000/R
Certificate No.
MT-412
Temperature
27.6
Nominal
100.0000
Actual
99.9940
Diff
-0.0060
°C
%
%
%
Test done
Temperature
27.6
Nominal Weight
5000.00
Actual
4999.96
Diff
-0.04
°C
g
g
g
Signature
Test done
........................
------------------------
Signature
........................
------------------------
The “Statistics” Application
47
5
The “Statistics” application
In this Section we describe the “Statistics” application. You will ind information here about practical aspects of working with this
application and about its speciic settings. (Information about the system settings that are not speciic to the application are to be
found in Section 6.)
5.1
Introduction to the “Statistics” Application
The“Statistics” application basically offers the same facilities as the“Weighing” application, but contains additional settings and functions
for the statistical recording and analysis of weighing series.
Many of the application-dependent settings are identical to those of the “Weighing” application.Additional function keys and information
ields are nevertheless available for the statistics. Only those settings will be explained in detail in the following descriptions that are
different from those of the “Weighing” application.
5.2
Select the Application
Unless the “Statistics” application is already active, press the «I» key. Press the icon for
the application in the selection window.
I
The following display appears when the application has been selected.The special function
keys and information ields for statistics are activated under the factory settings. You can
adapt the settings to your own requirements as described in the following Sections.
Notes: If the information ields are not displayed on your balance, press the “Display”
function key to reduce the size of the display of the weight, and thereby provide space
for the information ields to be shown.
The two function keys for “Result” and “CL Result” appear in gray because at this stage
the statistical functions do not contain any values.
5.3
Settings for the “Statistics” Application
A number of different speciic settings are available for the Statistics, and these can be used to adapt the application to suit your
needs.
5.3.1
Overview
J
The application-speciic settings can be accessed via the «J» key. The irst of a total of
four menu pages appears after pressing this key.
The “Statistics” Application
48
Apart from a small number of exceptions, the settings available for the “Statistics” application are identical with those for the “Weighing”
application (Section 4.2). Only differences in the settings are described below. These concern the following menus:
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for
the Statistics.
“Info Field”:
Additional information ields are available
for the Statistics.
“Protocol”:
Additional printout information is available
for the Statistics.
“Additive Mode”:
In this menu, which is only available in
the “Statistics” menu, you can activate
the additive mode (series weighing with
automatic taring).
In the following Sections we will present the speciic settings for the “Statistics” application in detail.
5.3.2
Special Function Keys for Statistical Purposes
The following settings are available in the function key menu for use with the statistics system:
“M+”:
This function key passes the current stable weight to the statistics
system (Section 5.4.1).
“Result”:
This function key opens the statistics window (Section 5.4.1).
“CL Result”:
This function key deletes the statistics from a series of weighings
(Section 5.4.1).
“CL last”:
This function key clears the most recently saved measurement
(Section 5.4.1).
“Nominal”:
You specify the desired target weight with this function key (Section
5.4.2).The target value is also used as a reference for the tolerances
(described below).
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
You can specify with these function keys the precision (tolerances)
with which you want the weighing to be carried out (Section
5.4.2).
“Max n”:
You specify the maximum number of samples in a series with this
function key (Section 5.4.1).
All the remaining function keys correspond to those for the “Weighing” application
(Section 4.2.2).
Factory setting:
“M+”, “Result” , “CL Result” and “Display” are active (in that
sequence).
The “Statistics” Application
49
5.3.3
Special Statistical Information Fields
The following settings are available on the irst two pages of the information ields menu for the display of statistical values:
“n”:
Number of samples weighed.
“x”:
Mean weight of all samples.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as an absolute or as a percentage igure.
“Sum”:
Summed weight of all the individual weighings.
“Min” and “Max”:
Smallest and largest weights found in the current series of
weighings.
“Diff”:
Difference between the smallest and largest measured weights.
“Nominal”:
Indicates the target value that has been entered through the
function key with the same name.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
These information ields display the tolerances that have been
entered through the function keys with the same names.
All the information ields keys correspond to those for the “Weighing” application
(Section 4.2.3).
Factory setting:
5.3.4
“n”,“x” and “s” are activated (in this sequence).
Special Printout Information for Statistical Purposes
Additional settings for statistics, described below, are available in the three submenus
in which you can specify the options for the printout header, for printing the individual
values, and for the result.
Note: The remaining available printout information corresponds to that for the “Weighing”
application (Section 4.2.7), and is not described here.
The printout header
Additional settings for statistics are available on the second page of this submenu:
“Max n”:
Prints the speciied maximum number of samples in the series.
“Nominal”:
Prints the speciied target weight.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
The speciied tolerances are printed.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name" (“Statistics” is printed); thus no speciic statistical
information is activated.
The header is automatically printed when the “M+” key is pressed during a series of
weighings in order to pass the irst measured weight to the statistical system. The header
can also be printed separately by pressing the “Header” function key.
The “Statistics” Application
50
Printing the individual values
The same additional settings are available in this is sub menu as are provided for the
header: (“Max n”,“Nominal”,“+Tol” and “–Tol”).
Factory setting:
“Net”(the net weight of the current weighing).No speciic statistical
information is activated.
An individual value is automatically printed when the “M+” function key is pressed during
a series of weighings. An individual value can, however, also been printed out separately
by pressing the «F» function key.
Printing the result
You specify the additional statistical information that is to be included in the result printout
in this sub menu:
“Max n”:
The speciied maximum number of samples in the series.
“Nominal”:
The speciied target weight.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
The speciied tolerances.
“n”:
Number of samples weighed.
“x”:
Mean weight of all samples.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as an absolute or as a percentage igure.
Note: These two values are only printed if the statistical system
contains at least three values; otherwise horizontal bars are displayed instead of the values.
“Min” and “Max”:
Smallest and largest weights found in the current series of
weighings.
“Diff”:
Difference between the smallest and largest measured weights.
“Sum”:
Summed weight of all the saved individual weighings.
Factory setting:
“n”,“x”,“s”,“s.rel”,“Min”,“Max”,“Diff” and “Sum”. The “Signature”
and “3 Blank Lines” settings are also active (Section 4.2.7).
These results are printed when the «F» key is pressed while the statistics window is open.
If a speciic number of samples has been deined for a series of weighings (“Max n”) the
results are printed automatically as soon as the value of the weight of the last sample
has been passed to the statistics system using the “M+” key.
Note: “Max n”, “Nominal value”, “+Tol" and “–Tol” are included on the printout of results,
but are not displayed in the statistics window.
You will ind a sample printout with statistical values in Section 5.4.3.
The “Statistics” Application
51
5.3.5
Activate Additive Mode
In this menu, which is only available in the “Statistics” application, you can switch the additive mode on or off. In weighing series made
with the additive mode active you do not have to remove the samples from the weighing pan.
5.4
“Off":
Additive mode is switched off.
“On":
Additive mode is switched on. The result of weighing a sample is
passed to the statistical system by pressing the “M+” function key,
after which the balance is automatically tared. The next sample
can be weighed without having to remove the previous samples
from the weighing pan.
Factory setting:
“Off”.
Working With the “Statistics” Application
In this Section you will learn how to work with the “Statistics” application. It is of course possible to specify a tare, modify the readability
of the measured weight, use identiiers and so forth. You will already be familiar with these facilities from the “Weighing” application
(Section 7.3), and they will therefore not be explained again here.
5.4.1
Statistical Recording of Series of Weighings
Default settings
At least the three function keys shown here must be activated for you to be able to use
the statistics (Section 5.3.2).
It is also recommended that the two function keys opposite are activated. They allow
incorrect values to be deleted (“CL Last”) and the number of samples that should be
included in a series of measurements to be speciied (“Max n”).
A printer should be connected to your balance to make best use of the statistical functions.
If this is not the case, we recommend that you activate the three information ields that will
be most important for your application (e.g.“n”,“x” and “Sum”. See Section 5.3.3).
Note: If you start a weighing series with a “Custom Unit” (Chapter 4.2.6), the weight unit
can only be changed after you have completed the measurement series.
Operating sequence
If the number of samples that is to be weighed for a series is already speciied, you can
press the “Max n” function key and enter the number of samples (max. 999).The series is
automatically completed after the last sample has been weighed, the statistical window is
opened, and the results are printed out. Notes: This function key is only active as long as
the statistical system does not contain any measurements. The series is unlimited if you
enter the value 0 (zero) for “Max n”, and you can weigh up to 999 samples.
If you are working with a weighing container, place this on the balance and press the
«H» to tare the balance.
The “Statistics” Application
52
Place the irst sample on the balance, and press the “M+” function key to pass the weight
to the statistical system.As soon as the value of the weight is stable (horizontal bars disappear in the display) the value is passed to the statistical system.The header is printed out
together with the result (the single value) of the current weighing (Section 5.3.4).
Remove the irst sample. Note: If you have activated Additive Mode (Section 5.3.5) you
can leave the sample on the weighing pan, because the balance will automatically be
tared after the “M+” function key has been pressed.
Place the other samples on the balance in turn. Conirm each weighing with the “M+”
function key, lift the sample off and tare the balance (not necessary if additive mode was
active). Each time “M+” is pressed the individual value that has been found is automatically printed.
Notes:
– An error message appears if you press the“M+” key without the weight having changed.
This prevents the same sample from being measured twice.
– If you have accidentally placed an incorrect weight on the balance and saved the result
of the weighing you can delete the most recent value with the “CL Last” function key
(only available when values have been saved, otherwise the key appears gray and
cannot be activated). Once a value has been deleted the key becomes inactive, and
will only work again after the next value has been passed to the statistical system.
When all samples have been weighed, press the “Result” function key (only available
when values have been saved; otherwise the key appears gray and it cannot be activated).
This temporarily halts the measurement process and opens that statistical window. (You
can, however, continue the series at any time). Note: If the “Max n” function key was used
before weighing started to specify the number of samples, then when the last sample has
been weighed the statistical window will open automatically, with the comment that the
maximum number of samples has been reached.
The statistical window contains the result of the series of weighings. (The information
that you selected for printing the result is displayed, see Section 5.3.4). Please note the
information in Section 5.4.3 regarding units, readability and the precision of the displayed
values.
The arrow keys allow you to switch between the individual screen displays. You can print
the result by pressing the «F» key.
You will ind a complete sample printout with statistical values in Section 5.4.3.
If you are sure that you want to complete the measuring procedure and clear the memory
for a further series, press the “CL Result” function key. (For security reasons you will be
prompted to provide conirmation before the statistics are actually deleted.) Note: If the
button appears gray it is because the statistical system does not contain any values.
The “Statistics” Application
53
5.4.2
Additive Weighing to a Target Value
The “Statistics” application provides you with additional functions that make it easier to perform additive weighing up to a speciied
target value. When using the statistics, you can apply these functions both to individual weighings and to series weighings.
Default settings
The function keys shown here must be activated so that you can enter a target value and
the associated tolerances (Section 5.3.2). If desired, you can also activate the information ields with the same names so that the values that have been speciied are visible
on the display (Section 5.3.3).
Operating sequence
Note: If the statistical system already contains values, the function keys with which the
target value and the tolerances can be entered are not active. In that case you must clear
the statistics using the “CL Result” function key before you can specify the target value
and the tolerances.
Press the “Nominal” function key to enter the desired target weight. Type in the desired
target value. (If there is already a weight on the balance that matches the target weight,
you can adopt this directly by pressing the button with the balance icon). Check the
weighing unit, which is displayed to the right of the target value. Pressing the weighing
unit will cause a list of the available units to appear. Note: The units are not automatically
converted; if you have entered a value in one unit, this value is retained even when you
change the weighing unit.
Press “OK” after you have entered the value to activate the target weight.
You can use the two “+Tolerance” and “–Tolerance” function keys to specify the precision
to be used for the weighing. The input window is the same as that for the target value.
Both tolerances are set at the factory to 2.5%.
After the appropriate value has been entered, press “OK” to activate the tolerance.
Note: Samples whose measurement is outside the tolerance are specially marked when
the individual values are printed out (with “>T” or “<T” respectively).
As soon as you have entered the target value and the tolerances the graphical illing
guide (“SmartTrac”) appears. This displays tolerance marks that make it easier for you to
weigh up to the target value: You can add roughly the right amount of material until the
lower tolerance value has been reached, and then, if necessary, make careful additions
to reach the target value.
The “Statistics” Application
54
5.4.3
Sample Printout With Statistical Values
------ Statistics -----3.Sep 2004
12:55
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Nominal
12.04 g
+Tol
2.50 %
-Tol
2.50 %
n
4
x
11.889 g
s
0.331 g
s.rel
2.78 %
Min
11.39 g
Max
12.08 g
Diff
0.69 g
Sum
47.55 g
The diagram opposite shows a sample printout with statistical values.The values that are
printed in the header, as individual values, and as the result depend on the individual
printout settings that you have made (Section 5.3.4).
Only the statistical information in the illustrated sample printout is explained below. You
will ind notes on the other printout information in Section 4.2.7:
“Nominal”:
The speciied target weight.
“+Tol”:
The speciied positive tolerance.
“–Tol”:
The speciied negative tolerance.
“n”:
The number of samples weighed.
“x”:
Mean weight of all samples. The value is printed in the current
display unit.The readability of the printed values is 10 times greater
than those of the measurements with the highest readability within
the series of measurements.
“s”:
The standard deviation within the series. The value is printed in
the current display unit. The readability of the printed values is 10
times greater than those of the measurements with the highest
readability within the series of measurements.
“s.rel”:
Relative standard deviation within the series (in percent).The value
is always printed with 2 decimal igures.
“Min”:
The lowest weight found in the current series of measurements.
The number of decimal points and the unit match those of the
values that were visible when the measurement was transferred
to the result.
“Max”:
The largest weight found in the current series of measurements.
The number of decimal points and the unit match those of the
values that were visible when the measurement was transferred
to the result.
“Diff”:
The difference between the smallest and the largest weights found
in the current series of measurements. The value is printed in the
current display unit. The number of decimal points in the printed
value matches those of whichever of the smallest or largest weight
has the highest readability.
“Sum”:
The sum of all the individual weights that have been stored.The value
is printed in the current display unit.The number of decimal igures
matches that of whichever value in the series of measurements
has the highest readability.
Signature
........................
Important information on interpreting the printed results
The values for “x” and “s” are the results of calculations, and are displayed with a higher
readability than that of the individual measurements.If the series of measurements is small
(less than about 10 measurements), or if the series has small variations, the signiicance
of the last decimal igure cannot be guaranteed.
The “Statistics” Application
55
5.4.4
Formulas Used for Calculating Statistical Values
Calculating the mean value and standard deviation
Terminology
xi := Individual measurement values of a measurement series of n measurement values i = 1...n
x := Mean value and s standard deviation of these measurement values
The formula for calculating the mean value is:
x=
1 n
∑ xi
n i =1
(1)
The usual formula for calculating standard deviation, as seen in the literature s
s=
1
∑ xi − x
n −1
(
)
2
(2)
is not suitable for numerical calculation, since the variance (individual value-mean value) can result in deletion in measurement series
that have very small deviations. Moreover, when this formula is used, each individual measurement value must be stored before the
standard deviation can be determined at the end.
The following formula is mathematically equivalent but signiicantly more stable numerically. It can be derived from (1) and (2) through
appropriate recasting.
2
1  n 2 1  n  
s=
∑ xi −  ∑ xi  
n − 1  i =1
n  i =1  
To use this formula for calculating the mean value and the standard deviation, you just need to store n,
∑x
i
and ∑ xi .
2
Standard deviation
Numerical stability can be improved even more by scaling the measurement value:
With ∆xi := xi − X 0, where X 0 (depending on the application) is either the irst measurement value of a measurement series or the
nominal value of a measurement series, the result is:
2
1  n
1 n
 
2
s=
∑ (∆xi ) −  ∑ ∆xi  
n − 1  i =1
n  i =1
 
Mean value
The mean value is then calculated as follows:
x = X0 +
1 n
∑ ∆xi
n i =1
Relative standard deviation
The relative standard deviation is calculated by means of the following formula:
s
percent
srel = 100
x
Number of digits in the results
Mean value and standard deviation are always expressed and displayed to one more decimal place than the corresponding individual
measurement values. When interpreting the results, keep in mind that the additional decimal place is not meaningful when it comes
to small measurement series (less than approx. 10 measurement values).
The same is also true of percentages (such as those used in expressing relative standard deviations), which are always shown to two
decimal places (for example, 13.45 percent). Here, too, the signiicance of the decimal places depends on the size of the background
data.
The “Formulation” Application
56
6
The “Formulation” Application
In this Section we describe the “Formulation” application. You will ind information here about practical aspects of working with this
application and about its speciic settings. (Information about the system settings that are not speciic to the application are to be
found in Section 6.)
6.1
Introduction to the “Formulation” Application
The “Formulation” application allows you to weigh in the components of a Formulation up to a speciic target weight. The values of
each component (target weight, tolerances, difference from target weight, etc.) can be stored, and after all the components have been
weighed in a Formulation record can be printed out.
Many of the application-dependent settings are identical to those of the “Weighing” application. Additional function keys, information
ields and printout information are, however, available for Formulation purposes. Only those settings will be explained in detail in the
following descriptions that are different from those of the “Weighing” application.
6.2
Select the Application
I
Unless the “Formulation” application is already active, press the «I» key. Press the icon
for the application in the selection window.
The display opposite appears when the application has been selected. The special function keys and information ields for Formulation are activated under the factory settings.
You can adapt these and other settings to your own requirements, as described in the
following Sections.
Notes: If the information ields are not displayed on your balance, press the “Display”
function key to reduce the size of the display of the weight, and thereby provide space
for the information ields to be shown.
The two function keys for “Result” and “CL Result” are displayed in gray, since no Formulation has yet been carried out.
6.3
Settings for the “Formulation” Application
A number of different speciic settings are available for Formulation, and these can be used to adapt the application to suit your
needs.
6.3.1
Overview
J
The application-speciic settings can be accessed via the «J» key. The irst of a total of
three menu pages appears after pressing this key.
The “Formulation” Application
57
Apart from a small number of exceptions, the settings available for the “Formulation” application are identical with those for the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2). Only differences in the settings are described below. These concern the following menus:
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for
the Formulation.
“Info Field”:
Additional information ields are available
for Formulation.
“Protocol”:
Additional information is available for printing out in association with Formulation.
“Identification”:
This menu corresponds to that of the
"Weighing" application, but special ID
names have been speciied at the factory
for Formulation.
In the following Sections we will present the speciic settings for the “Formulation” application in detail.
6.3.2
Special Function Keys for Formulation
The following settings are available in the function key menu for Formulation:
“M+”:
Saves the net weight of the weighed components.
“Result”:
Opens the window with the results of the Formulation process.
“CL Result”:
Clears the results of a Formulation.
“ID”:
This function key allows identiiers (descriptive texts) to be assigned
to the components, and these are also reproduced on the printout
and in the information ield.
“Abs/Diff”:
Switches the display of the weighed between the quantity weighed
in for a component (“Abs” = absolute) and the quantity that still has
to be weighed in to reach the target weight (“Diff” = difference).
“Nominal”:
You can specify the desired target weight for the current component
with this function key.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
You can specify the accuracy with which the component is to be
weighed in with these function keys.
All the function keys that are not listed here correspond to those for the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2.2).
Factory setting:
“M+”, “Result”, “CL Result”, “ID” and “Display” are active (in that
sequence).
The “Formulation” Application
58
6.3.3
Special Information Fields for Formulation
The following settings are available on the two pages of the information ields menu for Formulation:
“Comp. weight”:
Current net weight of a component.
“Nominal”:
Indicates the target value for the current component that has been
entered through the function key with the same name.
“Net Tot.”:
Displays the total net weight of all the components that have been
weighed in.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
These information ields display the tolerances that have been
entered through the function keys with the same names.
“Comp. Counter ”:
Displays the current state of the component counter (the successive number of the current component).
“....... ID”:
These display the identiiers that have been entered by means of
the “ID” function key (Section 6.3.5). Note: The opposite example
shows the factory settings for the identiiers, i.e.“Recipe ID” (ID1),
“Comp. ID” (ID2) and “Lot ID” (ID3).
All other information ields correspond to those for the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2.3).
Factory setting:
6.3.4
“Nominal” and “Comp. ID” are active (in that sequence).
Special Printout Information for Formulation
You can make the settings for the printout,divided into header,individual values and result,in
the three submenus. Additional settings, described below, are available for Formulation.
Note: The remaining available printout information corresponds to that for the “Weighing”
application (Section 4.2.7), and is not described here.
The printout header
In contrast to the “Weighing” application, this submenu only contains one identiier, not
three:
“Recipe ID”:
The formula identiier entered by means of the “ID” function key is
printed.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (the application’s identiier) is activated.
The header is automatically printed when the “M+” function key is pressed in order to
save the weight of the first component.
The “Formulation” Application
59
Printing the individual values
The following special settings are available to you in this submenu for Formulation:
“....... ID”:
Print the identiiers that have been entered by means of the “ID”
function key (Section 6.3.5). Note: The opposite example shows
the factory settings for the identiiers, i.e.“Recipe ID” (ID1),“Comp.
ID” (ID2) and “Lot ID” (ID3).
“Comp. Counter”:
Prints the current state of the component counter (number of the
current component in the series).
“Nominal”:
Prints the target value for the current component that has been
entered through the function key with the same name.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
The tolerances entered by means of the function keys with the
same names are printed.
“Net %”:
The weight of the current component is printed as a % of the target
weight.
“Diff.”:
The difference between the actual and target weight of the current
component is printed.
“Diff. %”:
The difference between the actual weight of the current
component and its target weight is printed as a percentage.
Factory setting:
“Comp. ID” (“ID2”) and “Net” (the net weight of the current component).
An individual value is automatically printed when the “M+” function key is pressed during
Formulation. An individual value can, however, also be printed out separately by pressing
the «F» function key.
Printing the result
You can specify the additional information regarding the Formulation that is to be included
in the result printout in this submenu:
“Recipe ID”:
The formula identiier entered by means of the “ID” key is printed
(“Recipe ID” in the opposite example is the identiier’s name set
at the factory).
“Nominal Tot”:
The total of the entered nominal weights of all components that
have been weighed in is now printed.
“Comp. counter”:
Prints the current state of the component counter (the number of
the most recently weighed component).
“Net Tot.”:
Prints the total net weight of all the components that have been
weighed in.
Factory setting:
“Recipe ID” (“ID1”),“Net Tot.”,“Signature” and “3 Blank Lines”.
These results are printed when the «F» key is pressed while the result window is open.
You will ind a sample printout for Formulation in Section 6.4.3.
The “Formulation” Application
60
6.3.5
Special Identifiers for Formulation
In this menu you specify the names for the three identiiers that are available during Formulation under the “ID” function key.
The factory setting for these three identiiers have the following names:
“ID1”
“ID2”
“ID3”
“Recipe ID”
“Komp. ID”
“Lot ID”
You can deactivate individual identiiers, or can replace their names with your own text
(max. 20 characters).
The names that have been entered also appear as the titles of the relevant information
ields (Section 6.3.3), and are included on the printout (Section 6.3.4).
Factory setting:
6.4
“ID1” and “ID2” active, see above for names
Working With the “Formulation” Application
In this Section you will learn how to work with the “Formulation” application and to print the results.
6.4.1
Default Settings
At least the three function keys “M+”, “Result” and “CL Result” must be active for Formulation (Section 6.3.2).
The “ID” function key should also be active, so that you can assign the names you want
to your formulas and components.
If you want to weigh your components to within a particular tolerance up to a target weight,
you must also activate the “Nominal”,“+Tol” and “–Tol” function keys.
We also recommend that the “Abs/Diff” function key is activated, so that you can switch
the display at any time between the quantity of a component that has already been
weighed in and the quantity that still has to be added.
A printer should be connected to your balance to print out Formulations. If this is not the
case,we recommend that you activate the three information ields that will be most important
for your Formulation application (e.g.“Nominal”,“ID1” and “ID2”, see Section 6.3.3).
The “Formulation” Application
61
6.4.2
Operating Sequence
If you are working with a weighing container, place this on the balance and press the «H», to tare the balance.
Press the “ID” function key and enter the desired names (for the formula, for the irst
component and, if ID3 is active, also for the current lot).
If you want to weigh up to a target value, press the “Nominal” function key, and specify
the target weight for the irst component.
Note: If you have changed the display to show the remaining amount (difference) before
entering the target weight using the “Abs/Diff” function key, the target weight will appear
on the display with a negative arithmetic sign (the difference between the weight and
zero).
If you are using tolerances, enter the appropriate values using the “+Tol” and “–Tol” function keys. (Samples that lie outside the tolerance band are marked with “>T” or “<T” on
the printout of individual values.)
As soon as you have entered the target weight and the tolerances for the irst component,
the graphical illing guide (“SmartTrac”) appears.This displays tolerance marks that make
it easier for you to weigh up to the target value.
Weigh in the irst component.
Note: You can switch the display of the weight at any time between the quantity of the
components that has already been weighed in and the remaining quantity that still has
to be added with the “Abs/Diff” function key.
When the target weight has been reached, or the weight is within the tolerance band,
press the “M+” function key to save the value. The header is printed out together with the
single value of the current component (Section 6.3.4).
The balance is now ready for the second component to be weighed in. If you want to weigh
the second component into the same container, it is not necessary to tare the balance.
If you wish to weigh the second component into a new weighing container, remove the
weighing container with the irst component and set the balance to zero («G» key).
Now put the new container in place, and tare the balance.
Specify the names (IDs) and values (target value, tolerances) for the second component,
weigh the component in, and save the result with the “M+” function key.
Weigh in the other components as described above.Each time“M+”is pressed the individual
measured value is printed in accordance with your speciications (Section 6.3.4).
When all the components in the formula have been weighed, press the “Result” function
key (only available when values have been saved; otherwise the key appears gray and
it cannot be activated).
The “Formulation” Application
62
After you have pressed the “Result” function key, three results are displayed: “Nominal
Tot.”, “Comp. Counter” and “Net Tot.”. They will, however, only be displayed if you have
selected these settings (Printing the results, Section 6.3.4).
You can print the complete result by pressing the «F» key.
You will ind a complete sample printout in Section 6.4.3.
If you are sure that you want to complete the Formulation procedure and clear the memory
for a further Formulation, press the “CL Result” function key. (For security reasons you will
be prompted to provide conirmation before the memory is actually cleared.)
6.4.3
Sample Printout for a Formulation
------ Formulation ----29.Jul 2004
14:52
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Recipe ID
Eraphtene
Comp. ID
RSF-8
Lot ID
04A
Comp
1
Nominal
11.02 g
+Tol
0.28 g
-Tol
0.28 g
Tare
1.58 g
1
N
10.95 g
1
G
12.53 g
1
N
99.3 %
1 Diff
-0.07 g
1 Diff
-0.7 %
Comp. ID
AIL-8A
Lot ID
04A
Comp
2
Nominal
5.22 g
+Tol
0.13 g
-Tol
0.13 g
Tare
1.59 g
2
N
5.31 g
2
G
17.85 g
2
N
101.8 %
2 Diff
0.09 g
2 Diff
1.8 %
Nominal Tot
Net Tot
A sample printout from a Formulation is illustrated here.The values that are printed in the
header, as individual values, and as the result depend on the individual printout settings
that you have made (Section 6.3.4).
Only the information that is speciic to Formulation is explained below. You will ind notes
on the other printout information in Section 4.2.7:
“Recipe ID”:
Name of the formula that has been speciied (“ID1”).
“Comp. ID”:
Name of the component that has been speciied (“ID2”).
“Lot ID”:
Speciied lot name (“ID3").
“Comp”:
Content of the component counter.
“Nominal”:
Target weight of the component.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
The tolerances speciied for a component.
“Tare”:
Tared weight (weighing container).
“N” [g]:
Net weight of the current component.
“G”:
Gross weight (net weight + tare weight).
“N” [%]:
The weight of the current component as a % of the target
weight.
“Diff.” [g]:
The difference between actual weight and target weight of the
current component.
“Diff.” [%]:
The difference between the actual weight of the current component
and its target weight as a percentage.
“Nominal Tot”:
The total of the target weights of all components that have been
weighed.
“Net Tot”:
Total net weight of all components that have been weighed.
16.24 g
16.26 g
Signature
........................
The “Density” Application
63
7
The “Density” Application
In this Section we describe the “Density” application. You will ind information here about practical aspects of working with this
application and about its speciic settings. (Information about the system settings that are not speciic to the application are to be
found in Section 6.)
7.1
Introduction to the “Density” Application
The “Density” application allows the density of solid objects, liquids and pastes to be found. An identiier can be assigned to every
sample, and the integrated statistic functions permit statistical analysis of series of measurements.The density is determined exploiting
the principle of Archimedes, which states that any body immersed in a luid becomes lighter by an amount equal to the weight of the
luid that it has displaced.
You can use your balance’s hanger (for weighing below the balance) to carry out density determinations (see instruction manual −
part 1). We recommend , however, that to ind the density of solid objects you make use of the optional density kit; this contains all
the necessary ittings and auxiliary equipment for convenient, accurate density measurements. The density kit has a separate set of
instructions that explain how it is installed and used.
To determine the density of liquids you also need a sinker, and this too can be obtained from your METTLER TOLEDO dealer. A gamma
sphere will also be needed to determine the density of pastes; your dealer will be glad to tell you where one can be obtained.
Follow the instructions that are included with these accessories; they contain useful information on how to work with these aids, how
to handle them and how to look after them.
7.2
Select the Application
I
Unless the “Density” application is already active, press the «I» key. Press the icon for
the “Density” application in the selection window.
The following display appears when the application has been selected. Special function
keys and information ields for density are activated under the factory settings.The balance
is preset to determine the density of solid objects using water as the auxiliary liquid.You can
adapt these settings to your own requirements, as described in the following Sections.
Note: If the information ields are not displayed on your balance, press the “Display”
function key to reduce the size of the display of the weight, and thereby provide space
for the information ields to be shown.
7.3
Settings for the “Density” Application
A number of different settings are available for density determination, and these can be used to adapt the application to suit your
needs.
7.3.1
Overview
J
The application-speciic settings can be accessed via the «J» key. The irst of a total of
four menu pages appears after pressing this key.
The “Density” Application
64
Some of the settings that can be made for the “Density” application are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2).
Only differences in the settings are described below. These concern the following menus:
“Method”:
You can select the type of density determination in this menu.
“Aux. Liquid”:
You can specify the auxiliary liquid with
which you will be working in this menu.
“Statistics”:
You activate or deactivate the statistics for
the chosen method in this menu.
“Result Output Format”:
You can specify in this menu how the result of the density determination is to be
calculated and displayed.
“Function Keys”:
A number of special function keys are available for density determination.
“Info Field”:
Additional information ields are available for density determination.
“Protocol”:
Additional printing information is available for density determination.
In the following Sections we will present the speciic settings for the “Density” application in detail.
7.3.2
Choosing the Method of Density Determination
You specify the type of density determination that you want to carry out in this menu:
7.3.3
“Solid”:
Determination of the density of non-porous solid bodies with the
aid of an auxiliary liquid.
“Liquid”:
Determining the density of liquids using a sinker.
“Pasty Subst.”:
Determining the density of pastes with the aid of a gamma
sphere.
Factory setting:
The “Solid" method is active.
Selection of the Auxiliary Liquid
You specify the auxiliary liquid that you want to use in this menu. This setting is only of significance when determining the density
of solid bodies! The following auxiliary liquids are available:
“Water”:
The density of distilled water at various temperatures (from 10 °C
up to 30°C) is stored in the balance.
“Ethanol”:
The density of ethanol at various temperatures (from 10°C up to
30°C) is also stored in the balance.
“Others”:
Any other liquid. Its density at the current temperature must be
known.
Factory setting:
“Water” is set as the auxiliary liquid.
The “Density” Application
65
7.3.4
Activate or Deactivate the Statistics
The balance can maintain its own statistics for each method of density determination with the results of the density determinations which
have been transferred into the statistics (max. 651500). If the statistics are activated, then at the end of each density determination you
will be asked whether you want to add the results to the statistics. You can activate or deactivate the statistical function in this menu:
“On”:
The statistical function is active.
“Off”:
The statistical function is not active.
Factory setting:
The statistical function is not active (“Off"”).
Note: You must also activate the two associated function keys in order to make use of
the statistics (Section 7.3.6). You will ind information on working with the statistics in
Section 7.5.
7.3.5
Specifications for Calculating and Displaying the Result
You specify in this menu the number of decimal igures and the unit in which the result of the density determination is to be calculated
and displayed. You also specify whether atmospheric buoyancy should be included in the calculation.
“No. of Dec’points.”: The result of the density determination can be displayed and printed
with between 1 and 5 decimal igures.
7.3.6
“Compensation”:
The result of the density determination can be corrected using a
correction factor that allows for the force calibration and for the mean
atmospheric density (setting “With”). There is no compensation if
“Without” is set. Both the corrected and the uncorrected results
are displayed and printed if the “With/Without” setting is chosen.
“Density Unit”:
You can specify the unit to be used for the density determination
here:“g/cm3”,“kg/m3” or “g/l” (grams per liter).
Factory setting:
Number of decimal igures:
Compensation:
Density unit:
.
“3”
“With” (correction)
“g/cm3”
Special Function Keys for Density Determination
Additional settings are available in the function key menu for density determination:
“Start”:
You can start the density determination with this function key, and
it is therefore essential that this key is active!
“Density AL”:
You can enter the density of the auxiliary liquid with this function
key. This key is only necessary when determining the density of
solid bodies and when the auxiliary liquid being used is neither
water nor ethanol.
“Temp. AL”:
You can enter the temperature of the auxiliary liquid with this
function key.This key is only required when distilled water or ethanol
are being used, since for any other liquid it is necessary to enter
the density at the current temperature. When methods that do not
employ an auxiliary liquid are being used, the key can be used to
enter the current ambient temperature so that this appears on the
printouts.
The “Density” Application
66
“Vol. Sinker”:
The volume of the sinker can be entered with this function key
(in cm3, max. 5 decimal igures). You only need activate this key if
you want to use a sinker to determine the density of liquids.
“Vol. Gamma”:
The volume of the gamma sphere can be entered with this function key (in cm3, max. 5 decimal igures).You only need activate this
key if you want to use a gamma sphere to determine the density
of pastes.
“Result”:
You can display the statistics for the current method of density
determination with this function key.Note: You only need to activate
this function key if you have also activated the statistical functions
(Section 7.3.4).If the statistical system does not contain any results,
the key appears gray and cannot be operated.
“CL Result”:
You can clear the statistical data from the current method of density
determination with this function key, so that it is possible to start a
new series of measurements.
All the remaining function keys correspond to those for the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2.2).
Factory setting:
7.3.7
“Start”,“Temp. AL” and “Display” are active (in this sequence).
Special Information Fields for Density Determination
Additional settings are available on the irst two pages of the information ields menu for density determination:
“Method”:
Type of density determination that has been chosen.
“Aux. Liquid”:
Auxiliary liquid chosen (for determining the density of solid bodies).
“Temp. AL”:
Temperature of the auxiliary liquid (distilled water, ethanol). The
temperature value entered through the function key of the same
name is displayed.
“Density AL”:
The density of the auxiliary liquid. (In the case of water or ethanol this is automatically read and displayed from the integrated
table of densities, while in the case of other auxiliary liquids the
density value entered using the function key of the same name is
displayed).
“Vol. Sinker”:
The volume of the sinker (when determining the density of liquids
using a sinker).
“Vol. Gamma”:
The volume of the gamma sphere (when determining the density
of pastes with the aid of a gamma sphere).
All the other information ields correspond to those for the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2.3).
Factory setting:
“Method”, “Aux. Liquid” and “Temp. AL” are active (in this
sequence).
The “Density” Application
67
7.3.8
Special Print Information for Density Determination
Additional settings for density determination, described below, are available in the three
submenus in which you can specify the options for the printout header, for printing the
individual values, and for the statistical printout.
Note: The remaining available printout information corresponds to that for the “Weighing”
application (Section 4.2.7), and is not described here.
The printout header
Additional settings for density determination are available on the second and third pages
of this submenu:
“Method”:
Prints the selected method of density determination.
“Aux. Liquid”:
Prints the chosen auxiliary liquid (for determining the density of
solid bodies).
“Density AL”:
Prints the density of the auxiliary liquid (entered through the function key with the same name; in the case of water or ethanol the
value taken from the integrated table is printed).
“Temp. AL”:
Prints the auxiliary liquid entered through the function key with the
same name (for water and ethanol).
“Vol. Sinker”:
Prints the volume of the sinker entered through the function key
with the same name (when determining the density of liquids
using a sinker).
“Vol. Gamma”:
Prints the volume of the gamma sphere entered through the function key with the same name (when determining the density of
pastes using a gamma sphere).
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (the application’s identiier) is activated.
The header is automatically printed when a single value is printed out (described below).
Printing the individual values
The following settings are available in this submenu governing the printing of individual
density determinations:
“Method”:
Prints the selected method of density determination.
“Aux. Liquid”:
Prints the chosen auxiliary liquid (for determining the density of
solid bodies).
“Density AL”:
Prints the density of the auxiliary liquid (entered through the function key with the same name; in the case of water or ethanol the
value taken from the integrated table is printed).
“Temp. AL”:
Prints the auxiliary liquid entered through the function key with the
same name (for water and ethanol).
“Vol. Sinker”:
Prints the volume of the sinker entered through the function key
with the same name (when determining the density of liquids
using a sinker).
“Vol. Gamma”:
Prints the volume of the gamma sphere entered through the function key with the same name (when determining the density of
pastes using a gamma sphere).
The “Density” Application
68
“Wgt. in Air”:
Prints the density of the sample in air (when determining the density
of solid bodies).
“Wgt. in Liquid”:
Prints the weight of the sample in the auxiliary liquid (when determining the density of solid bodies) or the weight of the sample
material displaced by the sinker or by the gamma sphere.
“Vol. Sample”:
Prints the volume of the sample.
“Density”:
Prints the result of the current density determination.
Factory setting:
“Dash Line”,“Method”,“Density” and “3 Blank Lines”.
The printout for the individual value can be made by pressing the «F» key. You will ind
a sample printout in Section 7.4.4.
Printing statistical data
You can specify the statistical information that is to be printed on the second, third and
fourth pages of this submenu. The settings are only relevant if you have activated the
statistical function (Section 7.3.4).
“Method”:
The selected method of density determination.
“Aux. Liquid”:
Chosen auxiliary liquid (for determining the density of solid bodies).
“n”:
Number of samples in the current series of measurements.
“x”:
Mean density of all the samples.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Absolute or relative standard deviation, respectively, within the
current series of measurements.
“Min” and “Max”:
Smallest and largest densities found in the current series of measurements.
“Diff”:
The difference between the smallest and largest densities in the
current series of measurements.
Factory setting:
“n”, “x”, “s”, “Min” and “Max”. The “Signature”, “Dash Line” and “3
Blank Lines” settings are also active.
The statistics can be printed out by pressing the «F» key while the statistics window is
open. A sample printout, and notes on the statistics, may be found in Section 7.5.
The “Density” Application
69
7.4
Working With the “Density” Application
In this Section you will learn how to work with the “Density” application and the various methods of determining density. It is assumed
that the “Density” application has already been selected. The following explanations assume that the statistical function is not active
(notes on using the statistical functions may be found in Section 7.5).
7.4.1
Determining the Density of Non-Porous Solid Bodies
To determine the density of non-porous solid bodies, the solid body is irst weighed in air and then in the auxiliary liquid. The difference
in weights is the buoyancy, with the aid of which the software calculates the density.
In the application-speciic settings, select “Solid” as the method (Section 7.3.2) and
specify the auxiliary liquid that will be used (Section 7.3.3).
Activate the appropriate function keys and information fields (Sections 7.3.6
and 7.3.7).
Note: The example shown here illustrates settings for determining the density of solid bodies
using distilled water as the auxiliary liquid. If an auxiliary liquid other than water or ethanol
is used, then instead of the “Temp. AL” key you should activate the “Density AL” key.
If you are using water or ethanol as the auxiliary liquid, enter its temperature using
the “Temp. AL” function key. (Density tables for these two substances covering the temperature range from 10 °C up to 30°C are stored in the balance; see also Sections 7.7
and 7.8.). The illustration here shows the corresponding input ield (input in °C with 1
decimal igure).
If you use anauxiliary liquid other than water or ethanol, activate the“Density AL” function
key, and use it to enter the density of the auxiliary liquid being used at the current
temperature (in g/cm3, max. 5 decimal places).This is necessary because density tables
are only saved for water and ethanol. The value you have entered appears in the information ield with the same name, which you should also activate. Note: The “Temp. AL”
function key, active in the example shown here, is not necessary for determining density
when using an auxiliary liquid other than water or ethanol. You can, nevertheless, use it
enter the current ambient temperature. This will in turn also be included on the printout,
and records the temperature at which the density was determined.
Press the “Start” function key to start the density determination.The balance will automatically carry out a taring, after which you will be prompted to put the solid body in place
(weighing in air).
If you are using the hanger (for weighing underneath the balance), hang the solid body
from the suspension equipment. If you are working with the optional density kit, follow
the instructions that are included with it.
The weight of the solid body appears in the lower left-hand corner of the window.
Press the “OK”, key to accept the weight measurement.
The “Density” Application
70
The result of the weighing is stored, after which you are prompted to immerse the solid
body in the auxiliary liquid.
If you are working with the hanger, place the container with the auxiliary liquid underneath the suspension equipment. If you are working with the optional density kit, follow
the instructions that are included with it. In either case, ensure that the solid body is
submerged at least 1cm under the surface of the liquid, and that there are no air bubbles
in the container.
The weight of the solid body submerged in the liquid is displayed in the lower left-hand
corner of the window.
Press the “OK”, key to accept the weight measurement.
The balance now determines the density of the solid body, and then displays the result
(the compensated and/or uncompensated value, depending on the settings that you have
made for output of the result, see Section 7.3.5).
If a printer is connected,the result of the density determination can be printed in accordance
with your speciications by pressing the «F» key (Section 7.3.8). The result is retained
until the next density determination using the same method has been completed, and can
be printed again if required. You will ind a sample printout together with corresponding
explanations in Section 7.4.4.
7.4.2
Determining the Density of Liquids Using a Sinker
A sinker of known volume is often used to determine the density of liquids. The sinker must irst be tared in air and then weighed in
the liquid whose density is to be found. The difference in weights is the buoyancy, with the aid of which the software calculates the
density.
In the application-speciic settings, select the “Liquid” method (Section 7.3.2).
Activate the appropriate function keys and information fields (Sections 7.3.6 and 7.3.7).
The example shown here illustrates practical settings for determining the density of liquids
with the use of a sinker. Note: The “Temp. AL” key that is active in this example is not
necessary for this method of density determination. You can, nevertheless, use it to enter
the current ambient temperature. This will in turn also be included on the printout, and
indicates the temperature at which the density was determined.
Press the “Vol. Sinker” key, and enter the volume of the sinker (10.00000cm3 in this
example).
Press the “Start” function key to start the density determination.You are prompted to attach
the sinker (weighing in air for taring).
If you are using the hanger for weighing underneath the balance, hang the sinker from
the suspension equipment. If you are working with the optional density kit, follow the
instructions that are included with it.
The weight of the sinker appears in the lower left-hand corner of the window.
Press the “OK” key to tare the sinker and record the weight.
The “Density” Application
71
After taring the sinker you are prompted to put the liquid whose density is to be determined
into a container. If you are working with the hanger (for weighing underneath the balance), place the container with the liquid underneath the suspension equipment. If you
are working with the optional density kit, follow the instructions that are included with it.
In either case, ensure that the sinker is submerged at least 1cm under the surface of the
liquid, and that there are no air bubbles in the container.
The buoyancy of the sinker is displayed in the lower left-hand corner of the window
(negative value).
Press the “OK”, key to accept the weight measurement.
The balance now determines the density of the liquid, and then displays the result (the
compensated and/or uncompensated value, depending on the settings that you have
made for output of the result, see Section 7.3.5).
If a printer is connected, the result of the density determination can be printed in accordance with your speciications by pressing the «F» key (Section 7.3.8). The result is
retained until the next density determination using the same method has been completed,
and can be printed again if required.
7.4.3
Determining the Density of Pastes With the Aid of a Gamma Sphere
A gamma sphere of known volume is usually used to determine the density of pastes.The paste is irst tared without the gamma sphere,
and then weighed with the gamma sphere.
In the application-speciic settings, select “Pasty Subst.” as the method (Section 7.3.2).
Activate the appropriate function keys and information fields (Sections 7.3.6 and 7.3.7).
The example shown here illustrates practical settings for determining the density of pastes
through the use of a gamma sphere. Note: The “Temp.AL” key that is active in this example
is not necessary for this method of density determination. You can, nevertheless, use it
enter the current ambient temperature. This will in turn also be included on the printout,
and indicates the temperature at which the density was determined.
Press the “Vol. Gamma” function key and enter the volume of the gamma sphere
(10.00000cm3 in this example).
Press the “Start” function key to start the density determination.You will then be prompted
to place the sample on the pan (without the gamma sphere).
The weight of the sample appears in the lower left-hand corner of the window.
Press the “OK” key to tare the sample and to register the weight.
The “Density” Application
72
When the sample has been tared, you will be prompted to submerge the gamma sphere
in the sample substance.
The weight of the substance displaced by the gamma sphere is displayed in the lower
left-hand corner of the window.
Press the “OK”, key to accept the weight measurement.
The balance now determines the density of the paste, and then displays the result (the
compensated and/or uncompensated value, depending on the settings that you have
made for output of the result, see Section 7.3.5).
If a printer is connected, the result of the density determination can be printed in accordance with your speciications by pressing the «F» key (Section 7.3.8). The result is
retained until the next density determination using the same method has been completed,
and can be printed again if required.
7.4.4
Sample Printout of a Density Determination
As soon as the result window of a density determination is displayed, you can print out the associated report by pressing the «F»
key.
-------- Density ------6.Sep 2004
14:47
Balance Type
XS6002S
Customer
Lot
Sample
Method
Liquid
Density AL
Meray Ltd.
12-4
01
Solid
Water
0.99798 g/cm3
Temperature
21.2 °C
Wgt. in Air 21.51 g
Wgt. in Liquid
14.39 g
Density
3.015 g/cm3
=============
Signature
........................
------------------------
Note: The result is retained until the next density determination has been completed,
and can be printed again if required by pressing the «F» key. This may be necessary if
you require a second copy of the printout, or if a paper shortage causes the printer to be
unable to complete the print successfully.
The illustration here shows a sample printout from the density determination of a solid
body.The settings you make in the “Protocol” menu controls the information that is printed
(Section 7.3.8).
The identiication keys that you already know from the weighing application are also
used during density determination. In this example, the ID keys are used to identify the
customer, the batch and the sample.
The “Density” Application
73
7.5
Using the Density Statistics
Statistics can be collected for each method of density determination. These store all the results that you have found whilst carrying out
the density determinations.
Default settings
In order to be able to use the statistics system, the statistic function (Section 7.3.4) and
both the “Result” and “CL Result” keys must be activated (Section 7.3.6).
Recording values for the statistics
When the statistic function is active, you will be asked at the end of each density determination whether the result should be transferred to the statistics.
If you want to add the result of the current measurement to the statistics, press the “Yes”
key. The result will be incorporated into the statistics for the current method.
Transfer of the result is conirmed on the display.
If you do not want to include the result in the statistics, press “No”. Although the result
will be retained until completion of the next measurement, it will not be added to the
statistics.
Displaying and printing the statistics
Make sure that the method of density determination whose statistics you want to display
or print is selected (Section 7.3.2).
Press the “Result” function key to call up the statistics. Note: If the statistical system does
not contain any values, the key appears gray and cannot be activated.
The information that you have selected for printing statistical data will appear in the
statistics window (Section 7.3.8). The factory setting is for the following values:
“n”:
Number of samples
“x”:
Mean density of all samples
“s”:
Absolute standard deviation within a series of measurements
“Min”:
Lowest density found within the series of measurements
“Max”:
Highest density found within the series of measurements
The “Density” Application
74
-------- Density ------6.Sep 2004
15:06
Balance Type
XS6002S
Method
Solid
Liquid
Water
With Compensation
n
x
2.4358
s
0.1974
s.rel
8.11
Min
2.251
Max
2.686
Diff
0.435
Press the «F» key to print the statistics. The variables that you have activated in the
“Statistics” submenu of the printout settings will be printed (Section 7.3.8). A sample
printout is illustrated here.
4
g/cm3
g/cm3
%
g/cm3
g/cm3
g/cm3
Without Compensation
n
4
x
2.4375 g/cm3
s
0.1977 g/cm3
s.rel
8.11 %
Min
2.253 g/cm3
Max
2.688 g/cm3
Diff
0.435 g/cm3
Signature
........................
-----------------------Clear statistics
If you want to inish with a series of measurements, press the “CL Result” function key to
clear the associated statistics.
Note: The “CL Result” function key clears the statistics for the method of density determination that is currently selected; the statistics for the other methods are retained. Take
care, therefore, before you clear any statistics, that the method of density determination
selected is the one whose statistics you want to delete!
For security reasons a prompt will appear, and you will have to conirm this before the
statistics are actually cleared.
The “Density” Application
75
7.6
Formulae Used to Calculate Density
The “Density” application is based on the formulae listed below.
7.6.1
Formulae for Determining the Density of Solid Bodies
With compensation for air density
ρ=
Without compensation for air density
A
(ρ – ρ ) + ρL
A–B 0 L
ρ=
A • ρ0
A–B
A–B
ρ0 – ρL
V=
A–B
ρ0
V=α
ρ
=
Density of the sample
A
=
Weight of the sample in air
B
=
Weight of the sample in the auxiliary liquid
V
=
Volume of the sample
ρ0 =
Density of the auxiliary liquid
ρL =
Air density (0.0012 g/cm3)
α
Weight correction factor (0.99985), takes the atmospheric buoyancy of the adjustment weight into account.
=
7.6.2
Formulae for Determining the Density of Liquids and Pastes
With compensation for air density
ρ=
α•P
+ ρL
V0
ρ
=
Density of the liquid or paste
P
=
Weight of the displaced liquid or paste
Without compensation for air density
ρ=
P
V0
V0 =
Volume of the sinker or of the gamma sphere
ρL =
Air density (0.0012 g/cm3)
α
Weight correction factor (0.99985), takes the atmospheric buoyancy of the adjustment weight into account.
=
The “Density” Application
76
7.7
T/°C
Density Table for Distilled Water
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
10.
0.99973
0.99972
0.99971
0.99970
0.99969
0.99968
0.99967
0.99966
0.99965
0.99964
11.
0.99963
0.99962
0.99961
0.99960
0.99959
0.99958
0.99957
0.99956
0.99955
0.99954
12.
0.99953
0.99951
0.99950
0.99949
0.99948
0.99947
0.99946
0.99944
0.99943
0.99942
13.
0.99941
0.99939
0.99938
0.99937
0.99935
0.99934
0.99933
0.99931
0.99930
0.99929
14.
0.99927
0.99926
0.99924
0.99923
0.99922
0.99920
0.99919
0.99917
0.99916
0.99914
15.
0.99913
0.99911
0.99910
0.99908
0.99907
0.99905
0.99904
0.99902
0.99900
0.99899
16.
0.99897
0.99896
0.99894
0.99892
0.99891
0.99889
0.99887
0.99885
0.99884
0.99882
17.
0.99880
0.99879
0.99877
0.99875
0.99873
0.99871
0.99870
0.99868
0.99866
0.99864
18.
0.99862
0.99860
0.99859
0.99857
0.99855
0.99853
0.99851
0.99849
0.99847
0.99845
19.
0.99843
0.99841
0.99839
0.99837
0.99835
0.99833
0.99831
0.99829
0.99827
0.99825
20.
0.99823
0.99821
0.99819
0.99817
0.99815
0.99813
0.99811
0.99808
0.99806
0.99804
21.
0.99802
0.99800
0.99798
0.99795
0.99793
0.99791
0.99789
0.99786
0.99784
0.99782
22.
0.99780
0.99777
0.99775
0.99773
0.99771
0.99768
0.99766
0.99764
0.99761
0.99759
23.
0.99756
0.99754
0.99752
0.99749
0.99747
0.99744
0.99742
0.99740
0.99737
0.99735
24.
0.99732
0.99730
0.99727
0.99725
0.99722
0.99720
0.99717
0.99715
0.99712
0.99710
25.
0.99707
0.99704
0.99702
0.99699
0.99697
0.99694
0.99691
0.99689
0.99686
0.99684
26.
0.99681
0.99678
0.99676
0.99673
0.99670
0.99668
0.99665
0.99662
0.99659
0.99657
27.
0.99654
0.99651
0.99648
0.99646
0.99643
0.99640
0.99637
0.99634
0.99632
0.99629
28.
0.99626
0.99623
0.99620
0.99617
0.99614
0.99612
0.99609
0.99606
0.99603
0.99600
29.
0.99597
0.99594
0.99591
0.99588
0.99585
0.99582
0.99579
0.99576
0.99573
0.99570
30.
0.99567
0.99564
0.99561
0.99558
0.99555
0.99552
0.99549
0.99546
0.99543
0.99540
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
7.8
Density Table for Ethanol
T/°C
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
10.
0.79784
0.79775
0.79767
0.79758
0.79750
0.79741
0.79733
0.79725
0.79716
0.79708
11.
0.79699
0.79691
0.79682
0.79674
0.79665
0.79657
0.79648
0.79640
0.79631
0.79623
12.
0.79614
0.79606
0.79598
0.79589
0.79581
0.79572
0.79564
0.79555
0.79547
0.79538
13.
0.79530
0.79521
0.79513
0.79504
0.79496
0.79487
0.79479
0.79470
0.79462
0.79453
14.
0.79445
0.79436
0.79428
0.79419
0.79411
0.79402
0.79394
0.79385
0.79377
0.79368
15.
0.79360
0.79352
0.79343
0.79335
0.79326
0.79318
0.79309
0.79301
0.79292
0.79284
16.
0.79275
0.79267
0.79258
0.79250
0.79241
0.79232
0.79224
0.79215
0.79207
0.79198
17.
0.79190
0.79181
0.79173
0.79164
0.79156
0.79147
0.79139
0.79130
0.79122
0.79113
18.
0.79105
0.79096
0.79088
0.79079
0.79071
0.79062
0.79054
0.79045
0.79037
0.79028
19.
0.79020
0.79011
0.79002
0.78994
0.78985
0.78977
0.78968
0.78960
0.78951
0.78943
20.
0.78934
0.78926
0.78917
0.78909
0.78900
0.78892
0.78883
0.78874
0.78866
0.78857
21.
0.78849
0.78840
0.78832
0.78823
0.78815
0.78806
0.78797
0.78789
0.78780
0.78772
22.
0.78763
0.78755
0.78746
0.78738
0.78729
0.78720
0.78712
0.78703
0.78695
0.78686
23.
0.78678
0.78669
0.78660
0.78652
0.78643
0.78635
0.78626
0.78618
0.78609
0.78600
24.
0.78592
0.78583
0.78575
0.78566
0.78558
0.78549
0.78540
0.78532
0.78523
0.78515
25.
0.78506
0.78497
0.78489
0.78480
0.78472
0.78463
0.78454
0.78446
0.78437
0.78429
26.
0.78420
0.78411
0.78403
0.78394
0.78386
0.78377
0.78368
0.78360
0.78351
0.78343
27.
0.78334
0.78325
0.78317
0.78308
0.78299
0.78291
0.78282
0.78274
0.78265
0.78256
28.
0.78248
0.78239
0.78230
0.78222
0.78213
0.78205
0.78196
0.78187
0.78179
0.78170
29.
0.78161
0.78153
0.78144
0.78136
0.78127
0.78118
0.78110
0.78101
0.78092
0.78084
30.
0.78075
0.78066
0.78058
0.78049
0.78040
0.78032
0.78023
0.78014
0.78006
0.77997
Density of C2H5OH according to the “American Institute of Physics Handbook”.
The “Percent Weighing” Application
77
8
The “Percent Weighing” Application
In this Section you will be introduced to the “Percent Weighing” application. You will ind practical information about working with this
application and about the different settings. (You will ind information about non-application-speciic system settings in Section 6).
8.1
Introduction to the “Percent Weighing” Application
The “Percent Weighing” application enables you to weigh to a speciied value (100 %) and detect deviations from this target value.
Many of the application-dependent settings are identical to those of the “Weighing” application. However, additional settings are available to you for percent weighing. In the description that follows, only those settings are explained in detail which are different from the
“Weighing” application.
8.2
Selecting the Application
If the “Percent Weighing” application is not already active, press the «I» key. In the selection window, touch the symbol for the application.
I
After you have selected the application, the display shown at left appears. Some of the
special function keys and the special information ields for percent weighing are activated
at the factory. How you can adapt these, and other, settings to your needs is described
in the Sections that follow.
Note: If the information ields are not displayed on your balance, press the “Display”
function key to reduce the size of the weight display and thereby make room to display
the information ields.
8.3
Settings for the “Percent Weighing” Application
For percent weighing you have various speciic settings available which you can use to adapt the application to your needs.
8.3.1
Overview
J
The application-dependent settings can be accessed with the «J» key. When this key is
pressed, the irst of 4 menu pages appears.
The “Percent Weighing” Application
78
With only a few exceptions, the settings available in the “Percent Weighing” application are identical to those of the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2). Only the settings that are different are described below. These settings are contained in the following menus:
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for
percent weighing.
“Info Fields”:
Additional information ields are available
for percent weighing.
“Display Unit” and “Info Unit”:
An additional unit“%”(percent) is available
for percent weighing.
“Reports”:
Additional information is available for percent weighing reports.
In the following Sections you will be given a detailed introduction to the speciic settings for the “Percent Weighing” application.
8.3.2
Special Function Keys for Percent Weighing
The irst page of the function key menu presents you with the following options for percent weighing:
“Set100%”:
You can use this function key to deine the current weight value
as the reference (100%) (Section 8.4.1).
“Nominal value”:
Speciies the desired target weight (Section 8.4.2). This is also
used as reference for the tolerances.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
Speciies the accuracy (tolerances) for the percent weighing (Section 8.4.2).
All other function keys are the same as for the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2.2).
Factory setting:
8.3.3
“Set100%” and “Display” are activated (in this order).
Special Information Fields for Percent Weighing
On the irst page of the menu for info ields the following settings for percent weighing are available:
“Reference%:
Reference value in percent (always 100%).
“Reference”:
Absolute weight value of the reference.
“Target value”:
Displays the target weight which was input with this function key.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
These information ields display the tolerances which were input
with this function key.
All other information ields are the same as for the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2.3).
Factory setting:
“Reference%” and “Reference” activated (in this order).
The “Percent Weighing” Application
79
8.3.4
Additional Unit for Percent Weighing
In the menus for the “Display Unit” and the “Info Unit”, in addition to the known weighing
units, the unit “%” (percent) is available (provided that a reference has already been
determined).
Note: For percent weighing you do not need to explicitly select the “%” unit, since the
display unit is always switched over to“%” automatically when the reference is determined.
Afterwards, you can select the desired unit again whenever you want to.
Factory Setting:
8.3.5
“g” (gram) for “display unit” and for “info unit” .
Special Report Information for Percent Weighing
In the three submenus where you can specify the options for the header line of the report,
for reporting the individual values, and for the footer line, you also have additional settings
available for percent weighing which are described below.
Note: All other information items in the report are the same as in the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2.7) and are not described here.
Report Header Line
On the second and third pages of this submenu there are additional settings for percent
weighing:
“Reference%”:
Reports the reference in percentage value (always 100%).
“Reference”:
Reports the reference as a weight value.
“Target value”:
Reports the speciied target value.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
Reports the selected tolerances.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (“Percent Weighing”); no speciic information items
for percent weighing are activated.
The header line is printed automatically if it is deined to be part of the weighing report
(see“Reporting Individual Values”). However, the header can also be printed out separately
by pressing the “Header line” function key.
Reporting Individual Values
On the irst and second pages of this submenu, the same special settings are available
for reporting the individual percent weighings as for the header line (“Reference%”,
“Reference”,“Target value”,“+Tol” and “–Tol”, see above).
Factory setting:
“Net”; no speciic information items for percent weighing are activated.
The individual values are printed out by pressing the «F» key or, if the automatic print
function is activated, automatically (see Section 4.2.4).
The “Percent Weighing” Application
80
Report Footer Line
On the second and third pages of this submenu you can specify which special items of
information for percent weighing should be printed out in the footer line of the weighing
report after the results (individual values). The same settings are available as for the
header line and the individual values (“Reference%”,“Reference”,“Target value”,“+Tol”
and “–Tol”, as described above).
Factory setting:
“Signature”; no speciic information items for percent weighing
are activated.
To print the footer line, press the “Footer line” function key.
You will ind an example of a percent weighing in Section 8.4.3.
8.4
Working With the “Percent Weighing” Application
In this Section you will learn how to work with the “Percent Weighing” application. This application also allows you to determine a tare,
change the resolution of a weighing result, work with identiications, etc. Since you have already learnt how to do these in the “Weighing” application (Section 4.3), they are not explained again here.
8.4.1
Simple Percent Weighing
Preliminary Settings
Before you can perform a percent weighing, you must irst activate the function key shown
at left (Section 8.3.2) so that you can determine the reference.
The two information ields “Reference%” (reference value in percent) and “Reference” (absolute weight value of the reference) are both activated at the factory (Section 8.3.3).
Determining the Reference
Place the reference weight on the weighing pan and then press the “Set100%” function
key.
As soon as the weighing result is stable, the weight which is determined is saved as the
reference weight.
In the results display and in the“Reference%” information ield the reference value (100%)
is displayed, while the “Reference” information ield displays the absolute weight of the
reference.
Performing the Percent Weighing
After you have determined the reference, place the weighing sample on the pan. The
weight of the weighing sample as a percentage of the reference weight appears in the
results display.
Note: If instead of the percentage weight you want to know the absolute weight of the
weighing simple, touch the “%” unit and select the desired weighing unit.
You can print out the result of the percent weighing with the «F» key. You will ind an
example of a report in Section 8.4.3.
The “Percent Weighing” Application
81
8.4.2
Percent Weighing to a Target Value
The “Percent Weighing” application provides you with additional functions to make weighing to a speciied target value easier. In the
description that follows, it is assumed that the reference for the percent weighing has already been determined.
Requirements
Before you can input a target value and the associated tolerances, the function keys
shown at left must be activated (Section 8.3.2). If you want the speciied values to be
shown in the display, you can also activate the information ields with the same name
(Section 8.3.3).
Press the function key “Nominal”.Type in the desired target value (e.g. 130%). Check the
weighing unit which is displayed to the right of the target value.Touching the weighing unit
displays the available units, which include “%” (the “Percent” unit only becomes available
after the reference has been determined).
Note: The units are not converted automatically, so once you have input a value in a
particular unit, the value does not change even if you change the unit.
When you have input the value, press “OK” to activate the target value.
You can use the two function keys “+Tolerance” and “–Tolerance” to specify the accuracy
with which you want to weigh. The input window is similar to the one for the reference
value. Both tolerance values are set to 2.5% at the factory. When you have entered the
respective percentage value, press “OK” to activate the tolerance. Percentage weighings
which lie outside the tolerances are specially marked in the report of individual values
with “>T” or “<T”.
When you have input the target value and the tolerances, tolerance marks for the graphical
weighing aid (“SmartTrac”) appear in the display. The tolerance marks make weighing
to the target value easier for you. You can weigh your weighing sample roughly until the
lower tolerance value is reached, and then if necessary dispense inely until the target
value is reached.
8.4.3
Example of a Percent Weighing Report
---- Percentweighing --1.Sep 2004
14:46
Reference%
Reference
Nominal
+Tol
-Tol
100.00
236.03
130
2.50
2.50
128.390
%
g
%
%
%
%
Signature
........................
Shown at left is an example of a report for a percent weighing with target value and tolerances. The values which are reported in the header line, as individual values, and in the
footer line depend on your individual report settings (Section 8.3.5).
Only those information items shown in the report which specifically relate to
percent weighing are explained below. You will ind explanations of the other items in
Section 4.2.7.
“Reference%”:
Reference value in percent (always 100%).
“Reference”:
Absolute weight value of the reference.
“Target value”:
Speciied target value (in this example, in %).
“+Tol”:
Speciied plus tolerance in %.
“–Tol”:
Speciied minus tolerance in %.
“128.390”:
Result of the weighing as % of the reference.
The “Piece Counting” application
82
9
The “Piece Counting” Application
In this Section you will be introduced to the “Piece Counting” application. You will ind practical information about working with this application and about the different settings. (You will ind information about the non-application-speciic system settings in Chapter 3.)
9.1
Introduction to the “Piece Counting” Application
The “Piece Counting” application allows you to count pieces. The application provides you with several different methods for determining the reference piece weight.
Many of the application-speciic settings are identical to those of the “Weighing” application. However, additional application-speciic
settings are available to you for piece counting. In the descriptions that follow, only those settings are explained in detail which are
different from the “Weighing” application.
9.2
Selecting the Application
I
If the “Piece Counting” application is not already active, press the «I» key. In the selection
window, touch the symbol for the application.
After you have selected the application, the display shown at left appears. Some of the
special function keys and information ields for piece counting are activated at the factory.
How you can adapt these and other settings to your needs is described in the Sections
that follow.
Note: If the information ields are not displayed on your balance, press the “Display”
function key to reduce the size of the weight display and thereby make room to display
the information ields.
9.3
Settings for the “Piece Counting” Application
For piece counting you have various speciic settings available which you can use to adapt the application to your needs.
9.3.1
Overview
J
The application-speciic settings can be accessed with the «J» key. When this key is
pressed, the irst of 4 menu pages appears.
The “Piece Counting” application
83
With only a few exceptions, the settings available in the “Piece Counting” application are identical to those of the “Weighing” application
(Section 4.2). Only the settings that are different are described below. These settings are contained in the following menus:
“FixPcs”:
Allows you to specify a ixed reference
piece count.
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for
piece counting.
“Info Field”:
Additional information ields are available
for piece counting.
“Display Unit” and “Info Unit”:
The additional unit “PCS” (pieces) is available for piece counting.
“Protocol”:
Additional information is available for piece
counting reports.
In the following Sections you will be given a detailed introduction to the “Piece Counting” application.
9.3.2
Specifying the Fixed Reference Piece Count
In this menu you can specify the ixed reference piece count which should be represented by the “FixPcs” function key (Section
9.3.3).
After pressing the corresponding button, an input window appears in which you can deine
the desired ixed reference piece count.
During piece counting, each time the “FixPcs” function key is pressed (displayed as “Fix
n”, where n is the speciied reference piece count) the weight on the balance is divided
by the speciied ixed reference piece count. In this way, the reference piece weight is
determined which serves as the basis for the piece counting.
Factory setting:
10.
9.3.3
Special Function Keys for Piece Counting
The irst three pages of the function key menu provide you with the following settings for piece counting:
“FixPcs”:
Determines the reference piece weight with a speciied ixed number
of pieces (Section 9.4.1).The speciied reference number of pieces
is displayed below the key (e.g.“Fix10”).
“VarPcs”:
Allows free selection of the reference piece count (Section
9.4.1).
“PcsWgt”:
Allows input of the known weight of a reference piece.
“M+”:
Stores the current piece count in the memory (Section 9.4.2).
“Result”:
Opens the results window (Section 9.4.2).
“CL Result”:
Clears the stored values of a series of piece counts (Section
9.4.2).
The “Piece Counting” application
84
“CL Last”:
Clears the last piece count that was saved (Section 9.4.2).
“Nominal”:
Speciies the desired target piece count (Section 9.4.3).The target
piece count is also used as the reference for the tolerances (as
described below).
“Abs/Diff”:
Switches the weight display between the number of pieces that
have already been weighed and the number of pieces still needing
to be weighed to reach the target piece count (Section 9.4.3).
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
Speciies the accuracy (tolerances) for the piece counting (Section
9.4.3).
“Max n”:
Speciies the maximum number of piece counts in a series (Section
9.4.2).
All other function keys are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (Section
4.2.2).
Factory setting:
9.3.4
“PcsWgt” “FixPcs”, “VarPcs” and “Display” are activated (in this
order).
Special Information Fields for Piece Counting
The following settings for piece counting are available on the irst three pages of the menu for information ields:
“RefPcs”:
Selected reference piece count.
“PcsWgt”:
Reference piece weight.
“n”:
Number of piece counts performed in a series.
“x”:
Average (mean) piece count of all piece counts in a series.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation of a series of piece counts as an absolute
number and as a percentage.
“Sum”:
Accumulated piece count of all piece counts in a series.
“>T+” and “<T–”:
Number of piece counts performed outside the upper and lower
tolerance respectively.
“Min” and “Max”:
Lowest and highest piece counts in a series of piece counts.
“Diff”:
Difference between lowest and highest piece counts in a series of
piece counts.
“Nominal”:
The target piece count which was input using the function key with
the same name.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
These information ields show the tolerances which were input
using the function keys with the same names.
All other information ields are the same as for the “Weighing” application (Section
4.2.3).
Factory setting:
“PcsWgt” and “RefPcs” activated (in this order).
The “Piece Counting” application
85
9.3.5
Additional Unit for Piece Counting
In the menus for the “display unit” and “info unit”, the unit “PCS” (pieces) is available in
addition to the usual weighing units (provided that a reference piece weight was already
determined).
Note: When you do piece counting, you do not have to explicitly select the unit “PCS”,
because the display unit is always automatically switched to “PCS” when the reference
piece weight is determined. After the reference piece weight has been determined, you
can switch back to the desired unit at any time. The only exception is if you have already
saved a value from a series of piece counts in the memory, in which case you can only
switch back from “PCS” to the other weighing units after you have cleared the results.
Factory unit:
9.3.6
“g” (gram) for “Display unit” and “Information unit”.
Special Report Information for Piece Counting
In the three submenus where you can specify the options for the header line of reports,
the options for reports of individual values, and the options for statistical reports, there are
additional settings available for piece piece counting which are described below.
Note: All other items of information on the reports are the same as for the “Weighing”
application (Section 4.2.7) and are not listed here.
Report header line
On the second page of this submenu there is an additional setting for piece counting:
“Nom, +/–Tol”:
Reports the speciied target piece count and the selected tolerances.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (“Piece Counting”); the application-speciic information for piece counting is not activated.
The header line is automatically printed if the function key “M+” is pressed to save the irst
piece count value of a series. The header line can also be printed separately by pressing
the “Header line” function key.
Reporting individual values
The irst and second pages of this submenu contain the following additional settings for
piece counting:
“Nom, +/–Tol”:
Reports the speciied target piece count and the selected tolerances.
“RefPcs”:
Reports the selected reference piece count.
“PcsWgt”:
Reports the speciied reference piece weight.
“NetPcs”:
Reports the determined net piece count.
Factory setting:
“ID1”,“NetPcs”, and “Net”.
Individual values of piece counting series are printed out automatically if the“M+” function
key is pressed. An individual value can also be printed out saparately by pressing the «F»
key, in which case no item counter is printed in front of the net value.
The “Piece Counting” application
86
Reporting the result
On the second and third pages of this submenu you can speciry which additional information items for piece counting should be included in the report of the results:
“Max n”:
Speciied maximum number of piece counts in a series.
“Nom, +/–Tol”:
Speciied target piece count and selected tolerances.
“>Tol+, <Tol–:
Number of piece counts outside the upper and lower tolerance
limits respecitvely.
“n”:
Number of piece counts performed in a series.
“x”:
Average (mean) piece count of all piece counts in a series.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as an absolute and percentage value.
Note: These two values are only reported if the memory contains
at least 3 values. Otherwise horizontal dashes are printed instead
of the values.
“Min, Max, Diff.”:
Lowest and highest piece counts determined in the current series
and the difference between these two piece counts.
“Sum”:
Accumulated value of all saved individual weighings in the current
display unit.
“SumPcs”:
Accumulated piece count of all saved individual piece counts.
Factory setting:
“n”,“x”,“s”,“s.rel”,“Min, Max, Diff.”,“Sum”,“SumPcs”,“Signature”,
and “3 blank lines” are activated.
The report of results can be printed out by opening the results window and then pressing the «F» key. If a speciic number of individual counts has been deined for a piece
counting series (“Max n”), the report of the results is printed out automatically as soon
as the result of the last piece count has been transferred to memory.
You will ind an example of a piece counting report in Section 9.4.4.
9.4
Working With the “Piece Counting” Application
In this Section you will learn how to work with the “Piece Counting” application. It goes without saying that you can also determine a
tare, change the resolution of the weighing result, work with identiications, etc. Since you already know about these possibilities from
the “Weighing” application (Section 6.3), they are not explained again here.
9.4.1
Simple Piece Counting
Settings
Before you can perform a simple piece count, you must activate at least one of the 3
function keys shown at left (Section 9.3.3) so that you can determine the reference.
The two information ields “PcsWgt” (reference piece weight) and “RefPcs” (reference
piece count) are already activated at the factory (Section 9.3.4).
The “Piece Counting” application
87
Determining the reference
Place the desired number of reference pieces on the weighing pan. The balance uses
these reference pieces to determine the average (mean) piece weight, which serves as
the basis for piece counting.
When you have placed on the weighing pan exactly the number of pieces which was
programmed for the “FixPcs” function key (Section 9.3.2), press this function key. (The
programmed reference piece count is displayed below the key, e.g.“Fix10”).
As soon as the weighing result is stable, the calculated average piece weight is accepted
as the reference.The information ields then display the average piece weight (the number
of decimal places depends on the model) and the reference piece count.
If you have placed on the weighing pan a different number of reference pieces than the
number corresponding to the “FixPcs” key (e.g. 32 pieces), press the “VarPcs” (variable
piece count) function key. An input ield appears in which you can enter the number of
pieces.
After you conirm the number of pieces, the balance determines the reference. The information ields then display the reference piece count which was entered and the average
(mean) weight of the reference pieces.
If the piece weight is known,you can enter it directly.To do this,press the“PcsWgt”function
key. An input ield appears in which you can enter the piece weight in the desired unit.
Since the balance does not have to determine a reference if this method is used, the result
of the piece count (the number of pieces currently on the weighing pan) is displayed as
soon as you conirm the piece weight.
The information ields then display the reference piece weight you entered and the reference piece count “1” (because the weight of only one piece was entered).
Performing the piece count
After you have determined the reference, place the pieces you wish to count on the weighing pan. The number of pieces determined appears in the results display.
Note: If you wish to know the weight of the pieces on the weighing pan instead of the
number, press the “PCS” unit and select the desired weighing unit.
You can print the individual value which was determined by pressing the «F» key. You
will ind an example of a report in Section 9.4.4.
The “Piece Counting” application
88
9.4.2
Totaling Piece Counts and Including Them in Statistics
Settings
So you can total piece counts and include them in statistics, you must activate at least
one of the 3 functions keys shown at left (Section 9.3.3), and at least one of the function
keys for reference determination (Section 9.4.1).
In addition, we recommend you also to activate the two function keys shown at left.These
keys allow you to clear incorrect values (“CL Last”) and to specify the number of piece
counts in a series (“Max n”).
To make optimal use of the statistics functions, you should connect a printer to your balance. If no printer is connected, we recommend you to activate the three most important
information ields for the statistics of your application (e.g. “n”, “x”, and “s”, see Section
9.3.4).
Operating sequence
To specify the number of piece counts for a series in advance, you can press the “Max
n” function key and enter the number (1 ... 999). After the last piece count, the series
is terminated automatically, the results window opens, and the results report is printed.
Note: This function key can only be activated if there are no values in the statistics. If you
enter 0 (zero) for “Max n”, the series is unlimited, and you can include up to 999 piece
counts in the statistics.
If you are working with a weighing container, place it on the pan and press the «H»
key to tare the balance.
Determine the reference by the desired method (ixed reference piece count, variable
reference piece count, or input of a known piece weight, see Section 9.4.1).
Perform the irst piece count and press the function key “M+” to include the result in the
statistics. As soon as the result is stable (horizontal dashes disappear), it is included in the
statistics. The report header line is printed, followed by the individual value of the current
piece count (Section 9.3.6).
Remove the pieces of the irst piece count from the weighing pan. Perform the respective
piece counts of the series. Conirm each result with the “M+” function key. Remove the
pieces and tare the balance. Each time a result is included in the statistics, it is printed
automatically.
Notes:
– If you press the “M+” function key when no weight change has occurred, an error
message appears. This is to make sure you do not record the same result twice by
mistake.
The “Piece Counting” application
89
– If you saved an incorrect piece counting result by mistake, you can remove it from the
statistics with the “CL Last” function key. However, this is only possible for the last result
that was saved. The “CL Last” function key is only active if there are values saved in
memory; otherwise the key is dimmed and cannot be operated. After you have cleared
a result, the key is inactivated and only functions again after you have included the
next result in the statistics.
When you have performed all the piece counts in the series, press the “Result” function
key. (The key can only be operated if there are values in the memory; otherwise it is
dimmed and cannot be operated). This temporarily terminates the series of piece counts
and opens the results window. (You can, however, continue the series at any time.) Note:
If you speciied the number of piece counts in the series with the “Max n” function key,
the results window opens automatically after the last piece count and indicates that the
maximum number of piece counts has been reached.
The results window shows the results of the counting series, with the information you
selected to be included in the report (see Section 9.3.6). Please refer to the instructions
in Section 9.4.4 regarding the units, resolution, and accuracy of the displayed values.
If the results window spreads over several display pages, you can use the arrow keys to
move between the pages. You can print the results report by pressing the «F» key.
You will ind an example of a complete report with all the statistical values in Section
9.4.4.
When you have deinitely completed the current piece counting series and want to clear
the memory ready for a new series, press the “CL Result” function key. For safety, you will
be asked to conirm that you really want to delete the statistics. Note: If the key is shown
dimmed, there are no values in the statistics.
The “Piece Counting” application
90
9.4.3
Counting to a Target Value
The “Piece Counting” application has additional functions which make it easier for you to count to a speciied target value. You can use
these functions for individual piece counts as well as for series of piece counts with statistics. In the following description it is assumed
that the reference for the piece count has already been determined.
Settings
Before you can enter a target value and the associated tolerances, the function keys
shown at left must be activated (Section 9.3.3). If you want the speciied values to be
shown in the display, you must also activate the information ields with the same name
(Section 9.3.4).
We also recommend you to activate the “Abs/Diff” function key, so you can switch between the quantity already weighed and the quantity that still needs to be weighed to
reach the target value.
Operating sequence
Note: If the statistics already contain values, the function keys for entering the target value
and tolerances are inactive. In this case, you must clear the statistics with the “CL Result”
function key before you can specify the target value and tolerances.
Press the “Nominal” function key.Type in the desired value. Check the weighing unit which
is displayed to the right of the target value. Press the weighing unit to display the units
available for selection, which include “PCS” (pieces). Note: The units are not converted
automatically, i.e. if you have entered a value in one unit, the value remains the same
even if you change the unit.
When you have entered the value, press “OK” to activate the target value.
To specify how accurately you want to count, you can use the “+Tol” and “–Tol” function
keys. The input window is the same as for target value. Both tolerance values are set to
2.5% at the factory. When you have entered the desired percentage values, press “OK” to
activate the tolerance. Piece counts which lie outside the tolerances are specially marked
with “>T” or “<T” in the report of individual values.
When you have entered the target value and tolerances, the tolerance marks for the“SmartTrac” graphical weighing aid appear in the display. The tolerance marks make weighing
to the target value easier. You can weigh your samples roughly until the lower tolerance
value is reached, and then dispense inely to the target value.
The “Piece Counting” application
91
9.4.4
Example of a Piece Counting Report With Statistical Values
---- Piececounting ----1.Sep 2004
17:34
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Nominal
110.00 PCS
+Tol
2.50 %
-Tol
2.50 %
RefPcs
10 PCS
PcsWgt
24.688 g
NetPcs
110 PCS
1
110 PCS
RefPcs
10 PCS
PcsWgt
24.688 g
NetPcs
105 PCS
2<T
105 PCS
RefPcs
10 PCS
PcsWgt
24.688 g
NetPcs
109 PCS
3
109 PCS
Max n
3
>T+
0
<T1
n
3
x
108.000 PCS
s
2.646 PCS
s.rel
2.45 %
Min
105 PCS
Max
110 PCS
Diff
5 PCS
Sum
324.00 PCS
SumPcs
324 PCS
Signature
........................
Shown at left is an example of a report for piece counting with statistical values.The values
shown in the header line, as individual values, and as results depend on the individual
report settings you made (Section 9.3.6).
Only the specific items of information relating to piece counting, and the associated
statistical values contained in the example report, are explained below. You will ind explanations of the other information items in the report in Section 4.2.7.
“Nominal”:
The speciied target value (in this example as number of pieces).
“+Tol”:
Speciied plus tolerance (in percent).
“–Tol”:
Speciied minus tolerance (in percent).
“RefPcs”:
Number of reference pieces for each piece count.
“PcsWgt”:
Reference piece weight for each piece count.
“NetPcs”:
Net number of pieces determined for each piece count.
“1” ...“3”:
Sequence numbers and net values of the individual piece counts
in the series. Any piece counts which lie outside the tolerances
are specially marked with “>T” or “<T” (in this example, the second
count). Note: The results are displayed in the current display unit,
which need not necessarily be “PCS”.
“Max n”:
Speciied number of piece counts in the series.
“>T+”,“<T–:
Number of piece counts in the series which were outside the
respective tolerances. In this example, the result of the second
piece count was below the lower tolerance limit.
“n”:
Number of piece counts recorded.
“x”:
Average (mean) piece count of all recorded counts. The value is
reported in the current display unit,in this case“PCS”.The resolution
of the reported value is higher than that of the individual measured
value with the highest resolution.
“s”:
Standard deviation of the series. The value is reported in the current display unit, in this case “PCS”.The same comment regarding
resolution applies as for “x” (see above).
“s.rel”:
Relative standard deviation of the series (in percent). The value is
always reported with 2 decimal places.
“Min”:
Lowest value determined in the current series.
“Max”:
Highest value determined in the current series.
“Diff”:
Difference between the highest and lowest values in the current
series.The value is reported in the current display unit, in this case
“PCS”.
“Sum”:
Accumulated result of all individual weighings that were saved.
Note: The result is shown in the current display unit which need
not necessarily be “PCS”.
“SumPcs”:
Total piece count (accumulated result of all individual piece counts
of a series that were saved).
Important information for interpreting the reported results
The values for “x” and “s” are calculated results which are displayed with a higher resolution than the individual measurement values.
With small measurement series (< approx. 10 measurement values), and measurement series which have small deviations, the signiicance of the last decimal place cannot be guaranteed. You will ind information about the formulas used to calculate these values
in Section 5.4.4.
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
92
10
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
In this Section you will be introduced to the “Dynamic Weighing” application.You will ind practical information about working with this application and about the different settings. (You will ind information about the non-application-speciic system settings in Chapter 2).
Note: This application is only available on precision balances.
10.1
Introduction to the “Dynamic Weighing” Application
The “Dynamic Weighing” application allows eficient, convenient, and accurate weighing of unstable weighing objects (e.g. animals).
The application supports the user of a chip scanner for fast and error-free identiication of measurement results to individual test animals. You can connect the chip scanner like a barcode reader and conigure it in the system settings (Section 3.6, “Barcode”). In the
application-dependent settings you specify how the data from the scanner should be processed. This is described in the “Weighing”
application, Section 4.2.11.
Many of the application-dependent settings are identical to those of the “Weighing” application. However, additional settings are available to you for dynamic weighing. In the descriptions that follow, only those settings are explained in detail which are different from the
“Weighing” application.
10.2
Selecting the Application
I
If the “Dynamic Weighing” application is not already active, irst press the «I» key. In the
selection window, touch the symbol for the application.
After you have selected the application, the display shown at left appears. Some of the
special information ields for dynamic weighing are activated at the factory. How you can
adapt these and other settings to your needs is described in the Sections that follow.
Note: If the information ields are not displayed on your balance, press the “Display”
function key to reduce the size of the weight display and thereby make room to display
the information ields.
10.3
Settings for the “Dynamic Weighing” Application
For dynamic weighing you have various speciic settings available which you can use to adapt the application to your needs.
10.3.1 Overview
J
The application-dependent settings can be accessed with the «J» key. When this key is
pressed, the irst of 5 menu pages appears.
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
93
With only a few exceptions, the settings available in the “Dynamic Weighing” application are identical to those of the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2). Only the settings that are different are described below. These settings are contained in the following menus
on the irst 4 menu pages:
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for
dynamic weighing.
“Data Acquisition”:
Adaptation of the application to the weighing object.
“Start Mode”:
Settings for the start of the weighing.
“Beep”:
Activates/deactivates the beep that signiies
completion of a weighing.
“AutoTare”:
Activates/deactivates the automatic tare
function.
“Info field”:
Additional information ields are available for dynamic weighing.
“Reports”:
Additional information is available for dynamic weighing reports.
“Single Value Print”:
Activates/deactivates automatic printing of individual weighing results.
“Output channel selection”:
Selects the destination for the output data (host and/or printer).
“Data output format”:
Formatting of the output data.
“Statistics”:
Activates/deactivates the statistics function.
Please note tat in contrast to the “Weighing” application, no free units can be deined. In the following Sections you will be given a
detailed introduction to the speciic settings for the “Dynamic Weighing” application.
10.3.2 Special Function Keys for Dynamic Weighing
The following special function keys are available for dynamic weighing:
“Start”:
You can use this function key to start a manual weighing cycle.
If the “automatic start” function is activated (Section 10.3.4), this
function key is not required. If the automatic start function has
been switched off, you must activate this function key, otherwise
no weighings can be performed!
“Result”:
Opens the results window. This function key is only required if the
statistics function has been activated (Section 10.3.12).
“CL Result”:
Clears the statistics of a weighing series. This key is only required
if the statistics function has been activated.
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
94
“CL Last”:
Deletes the last measurement value which was included in the
statistics.This function key is only required if the statistics function
has been activated.
All other function keys are the same as for the “Weighing” application (Section 4.2.2).
Factory setting:
“ID”, “1/10d” and “Display” activated (in this order). No speciic
function keys for dynamic weighing are activated.
10.3.3 Adapting the Application to the Dynamic Behavior of the Weighing Material
You can use the settings in the “Data Acquisition” menu to adapt the application to the behavior of the weighing object and thereby
optimize the speed of a result determination. The following settings are available:
With the “Dynamic Behavior” setting, the balance determines the release of the weighing
result based on your speciications (ilter settings):
“Stable”:
This setting is suitable for relatively stable weighing objects.
“Standard”:
This setting is suitable for normal weighing objects.
“Unstable”:
This setting is suitable for unstable weighing objects.
Alternatively, the “Time Interval” setting allows you to deine a ixed amount of time (1 ...
99 seconds) until the weighing result is released. This can impair precision, but it can
be practical when the above ilter settings result in long measuring times in the case of
extremely unstable weighing materials, or when you have to conclude your measurements
within a certain amount of time.
Factory setting:
“Time Interval” = “5 sec”.
10.3.4 Settings for the Start of Weighing
In the “Start Mode” menu, you must specify how a weighing cycle should be started.
“Step procedure”:
No automatic start. Each measurement cycle must be started
manually and the “Start” function key must be active (Section
10.3.2). Loading and removing the object that is being weighed
must be conirmed.
“AutoStart”:
A measurement cycle is started automatically as soon as the
weighing object is placed on the balance which is heavier than the
speciied minimum weight. To change the minimum weight, press
the corresponding button, and a numeric input ield will appear
into which you can type the minimum weight value in grams. The
purpose of the minimum weight value is to check whether or not
there is a weighing object on the balance. Deine the minimum
weight value so that it is less than the weight of your lightest weighing object, but not so low that even slight soiling of the weighing
pan, or vibrations, trigger a weighing.
Note: If the “AutoTare” function (Section 10.3.6) is activated, the
display is automatically reset to zero after each weighing is completed.
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
95
“Quick procedure”:
No automatic start: Each measurement cycle must be started
manually and the “Start” function key must be active (Section
10.3.2). Different than the “Step procedure”, loading the object being weighed does not have to be conirmed, and the measurement
starts immediately when you press the “Start” key. Unloading the
object being weighed also does not have to be conirmed.
The“AutoTare”function is inactive; if necessary,weighing containers
must be tared manually before starting the measurement.
To ensure backward compatibility with earlier products, only the
weight values that are determined are recorded in the protocol,
irrespective of the selected protocol settings. The settings for formatting the output data are ignored.The values are protocolled in
a ixed format and the symbol “*” is inserted before each value.
Factory setting:
“AutoStart” (minimum weight 5.00 g)
10.3.5 Settings for the Beep at the End of the Measurement Cycle
In the “Beep” menu you can specify whether a beep should indicate the end of a measurement cycle.
“Off”:
There is no beep at the end of a dynamic weighing.
“On”:
As soon as the result of a dynamic weighing is ready, a beep is
emitted. If you switch the beep on, after you have started a weighing cycle you can do another job until the beep tells you that the
result is ready.
Factory setting:
“On” (beep switched on)
10.3.6 Settings for the Automatic Tare Function
In this menu item you can specify whether the balance should be automatically reset to zero when required (see also Section 10.4.1
and 10.4.2).
“On”:
When the weighing object is removed, the display is automatically
reset to zero and the balance is immediately ready for the next
dynamic weighing.
“Off”:
The display must be manually reset to zero with the «G» or
«H» key before a new weighing is performed.
Factory setting:
“On” (automatic tare function activated)
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
96
10.3.7 Special Information Fields for Dynamic Weighing
In the menu for information ields the following special settings for dynamic weighing are available:
“AutoStart”:
Indicates whether the“AutoStart”function is active (Section 10.3.4).
With this function activated, the associated minimum weight is
displayed.
“Status”:
Current status of the application (for explanations, see Section
10.4.1).
The following information ields are only relevant if the statistics function is activated
(Section 10.3.12):
“n”:
Number of samples weighed.
“x”:
Average (mean) weight of all samples.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as absolute and percentage value.
“Min” and “Max”:
Lowest and highest determined weight value of the current measurement series.
“Diff”:
Difference between the lowest and the highest weight value.
“Sum”:
Accumulated weight of all individual weighings.
All other information ields are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (Section 7.2.3).
Factory setting:
“AutoStart”,“Status”, and “ID1” activated (in this order).
10.3.8 Special Report Information for Dynamic Weighing
In the three submenus where you can specify the options for the header line of reports,
the options for individual values, and the options for the results, there are additional settings available which are described below.
Note: All other items of information in the reports are the same as for the “Weighing”
application (Section 5.2.8) and are not listed here.
Report header line
The information available in the report is identical to that for the “Weighing” application
(Section 4.2.7).
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (“Dynamic Weighing”) and “Date/Time”.
If the header line has been deined as a component of the weighing report, it is printed
automatically (see “Reporting individual values” on the next page). The header line can
also be printed out separately by pressing the “Header line” function key.
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
97
Reporting individual values
In this submenu the following special settings for dynamic weighing are available:
“Sample”:
Reports the net weight value of the current weighing.
Factory setting:
“Sample”.
An individual value is printed out either by pressing the «F» key with the result window
open, or automatically (see Section 10.3.9).
Footer line of the report
On the second and third pages of this submenu you can specify additional statistical
information which should be printed out in the footer of the weighing report after the
results (individual values):
“n”:
Number of samples weighed.
“x”:
Average (mean) weight of all samples.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as absolute and percentage value.
Note: These two values are only reported if the statistics contain
at least 3 values, otherwise horizontal lines are printed instead of
the values.
“Min, Max, Diff.”:
Lowest and highest weight values determined in the current measurement series and the difference between these values.
“Sum”:
Accumulated weight of all individual values saved.
Factory setting:
“Signature”; no speciic information items for dynamic weighing
are activated.
The footer line is printed out when the “Footer” function key is pressed.
You will ind an example of a dynamic weighing report in Section 10.4.4.
10.3.9 Automatic or Manual Reporting of Individual Values
In the “Print single value” menu you specify whether the individual values (Section 10.3.8) should be printed out automatically or
manually.
“Automatic”:
A report of individual values is printed out automatically after each
successfully completed measurement.
“Manual”:
As soon as the result of a dynamic weighing is displayed, the
individual value report can be printed out with the «F» key.
Factory setting:
“Automatic”
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
98
10.3.10
Selecting the Destination for the Output Data
In the “Output channel selection” menu you can specify the instruments to which the weighing results should be transmitted.
10.3.11
“Printer”:
The data are transmitted to the printer according to the selected
protocol settings (Section 10.3.8).
“Host”:
The weighing results are transmitted to the computer according
to the settings for formatting the output data (Section 10.3.11).
“Printer + Host”:
The data are transmitted to both the printer and the computer
(according to the protocol settings and the settings for formatting
the output data).
Factory setting:
“Printer”
Note:
If you selected the “Quick procedure” setting for the start of the
weighing (Section 10.3.4), only the weight values that are determined are protocolled on the printer, irrespective of the protocol
settings that were selected. In the data output to the host, the
settings for formatting the output data are ignored.The values are
protocolled in a ixed format, and the “*” symbol is inserted before
each value.
Formatting the Output Data
In the “Data output format” menu, you can specify how the weighing results that are
output to the host computer should be formatted. This can be necessary if you operate
your balance together with other instruments, programs, or peripheral devices that require
a particular data format.
At the factory, data output is set to a standard format.
Example (21.45 g):
1
2
3
4
5
6
d
w
7
8
N
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
2
1
.
4
5
20
21
g
22
23
24
25
26
CR
LF
The identiier “dw” indicates that the data record relates to the calculated weight value
of a dynamic weighing,“N” stands for a net weight value. The weight value is followed by
the end-of-line character that was deined for the host (Section 3.6).
If you want to change the output format, activate “Customise” and then touch “Define”
key.
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
99
This menu contains settings for the following data ields:
– DW identiier
– Net weight symbol
– Weight value
– Weight unit
In the output data, these ields are always separated by a space character. The complete
data record is terminated with the end-of-line characters that were deined for the host
(Section 3.6).
The settings for the individual data ields are explained below.
DW identifier
In the standard output format, the weight values are always preceded by the identiier
“dw” (“dynamic weighing”) which indicates that the weighing result is calculated from
several individual measurements. In this menu, you can activate and deactivate (“Off”)
this function, select the symbol to be used (“*” or “dw”), and also specify the ield length
(1 – 10 characters). The identiier is aligend right-justiied in the ield.
Factory setting:
Identiier deactivated (“Off”).
Field length 2 characters.
Net weight symbol
In the standard output format, net weights are identiied with “N” . In this menu you can
activate and deactivate this function and also deine the ield length (1 – 10 characters).
The net symbol is aligned left-justiied in the ield. Note: If the balance has not been tared,
the net symbol is not transmitted, and space characters corresponding to the selected
ield length are transmitted instead.
Factory setting:
Net weight symbol deactivated (“Off”).
Field length 5 characters.
Format of the weight value
For formatting the weight value, the following options are available:
“Field length”:
Total length of the data ield for the weight value including
sign, decimal point, and decimal places (1 – 20 characters).
Note: Irrespective of your setting, enough characters are always
output for the weight value that is displayed on the terminal to
be transmitted. The weight value is output right-justiied. Factory
setting: 10.
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
100
“No. of dec. digits”: Number of decimal places (0 – 6 characters).If the value that is set is less
than the number of decimal places displayed on the terminal,a rounded value with the selected number of decimal places is trasnmitted.
Factory setting: Max. number of decimal places of the balance.
“Sign”:
When set to “Always”, the weight value is always preceded by a
plus or minus sign. If you select “Neg. values”, negative values will
be preceded by a minus sign, but positive values will be transmitted
without a sign. Factory setting:“Neg. values”.
“Sign position”:
You can use this setting to specify whether the sign should be immediately in front of the weight value (right justiied) or with a gap in between.
Factory setting: Right justiied (immediately in front of the weight
value).
Field for the weight unit
In the standard output format, each wight value is output with the corresponding weight
unit (corresponding to the current display unit). In this menu you can choose whether
weight units should be trasnmitted with or without unit and also specify the ield lenght
for the weight unit (1 – 5 characters). Irrespective of your setting for the ield length,
enough decimal places will be output for the weight vaalue shown on the display to be
completely transmitted. The weight unit is output left-justiied (separated from the weight
value by a space character.
Factory setting:
10.3.12
Output of th weight unit is activated.
Field length 3 characters.
Activate or Deactivate Statistics
In the “Statistics” menu you can specify whether the results of the individual weighings should be included in the statistics.
“Off”:
The results of the weighings are not included in the statistics.
“On”:
The results of the dynamic weighings are included in the statistics
and can be subsequently evaluated. You will ind information about
use of the statistics function in Section 10.4.3.
Factory setting:
“Off” (statistics deactivated)
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
101
10.4
Working With the “Dynamic Weighing” Application
In this Section you will learn how to work with the “Dynamic Weighing” application. It goes without saying that you can change the
resolution of the weighing result (e.g. to speed up the weighing operation), work with identiications, etc. Since you already know about
these possibilities from the “Weighing” application (Section 4.3), they are not explained again here.
10.4.1 Dynamic Weighing With Automatic Start
Settings
To perform a dynamic weighing with automatic start,you must have activated the“AutoStart”
function and speciied the corresponding minimum weight (Section 10.3.4). No special
function keys need be activated, but we recommend you to switch on the “ID” function key
if you want to assign an identiication to each sample. Both of the required information
ields,“AutoStart” and “Status” are already activated at the factory (Section 10.3.7).
Performing the weighing
Make sure that the “Status” information ield is displaying “Ready”. If it is displaying “Not
ready”, wait until the display is stable and the status changes to “Ready”. If “Please Zero”
is displayed, press the «G» key.
If you work with a weighing container, place the container on the weighing pan and press
the «H» key to tare the balance. If you want to give the weighing object an identiication, press the “ID” function key and enter the desired identiication. (Alternatively you can
read the identiication in with a chip scanner.)
Place the weighing object on the balance.The weight of the weighing object must be greater
than the weight shown in the “AutoStart” information ield, otherwise the weighing cycle
will not start automatically. After the automatic start, the window shown at left appears.
When the weighing is inished, the result is displayed along with a prompt to remove the
weighing object.
If automatic reporting of the individual values is activated (Section 10.3.9), the result
of the weighing is printed out automatically. To print the weighing result manually, press
the «F» key.
When you remove the weighing object (and provided the“AutoTare”function is activated) the
display is automatically reset to zero. The balance is then ready for the next weighing.
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
102
10.4.2 Dynamic Weighing With Manual Start
Settings
To perform a dynamic weighing with manual start, the “Step procedure” or “Quick procedure” function must be activated (Section 10.3.4). The “Start” function key must also
be activated.
Both of the information ields “AutoStart” and “Status” are activated at the factory (Section 10.3.7). Note:The “Status” information ield is not needed for dynamic weighing with
manual start since the application is always “Ready”.
Performing the weighing
If you work with a weighing container, place the container on the weighing pan and press
the «H» key to tare the balance. If you want to give the weighing object an identiication, press the “ID” function key and enter the desired identiication. (Alternatively, you
can read the identiication in with a chip scanner).
– If you selected the “Step procedure” function:
Press the “Start” function key. If the “AutoTare” function is activated, the display is automatically set to zero. You will then be prompted to place the weighing object on the
balance. When you have done this, press the “OK” button to start the measurement.
– If you selected the “Quick procedure” function:
Place the object to be weighed on the balanceand press the “Start” function key. The
measurement starts immediately.
When the weighing is inished, the result is displayed along with a prompt to remove the
weighing object.
If automatic reporting of individual values is activated (Section 10.3.9), the result of the
weighing is printed out automatically. To print out the weighing result manually, press the
«F» key.
Remove the weighing object and conirm with “OK” (not necessary for the “Quick procedure” function). The balance is then ready for the next weighing.
10.4.3 Recording Statistics of Dynamic Weighing
Settings
To record statistics of dynamic weighing, the statistics function must be activated
(Section 10.3.12). You should also activate the function keys shown at left (Section
10.3.2).
Using the statistics
With the statistics function activated, all weighing results are automatically transferred
to the statistics (up to 999 values). If an incorrect result is included in the statistics by
mistake, you can remove it with the “CL Last” function key. However, you can only remove
the last result that was included. After you have removed the incorrect result, the key
becomes inactive and only functions again after the next result has been transferred to
the statistics.
The “Dynamic Weighing” Application
103
You can press the “Result” function key to open the statistics window. (The key is only
available if there are values in the statistics, otherwise it is shown dimmed and cannot
be operated.)
You can print the statistics by pressing the «F» key. You will ind explanations of the
individual values in Section 10.4.4.
If you want to terminate the current weighing series and clear the statistics ready for a
new series, press the “CL Result” function key. For safety, you will be asked for conirmation before the statistics are inally deleted. Note: If the key is shown dimmed, there are
no values in the statistics.
10.4.4 Example of a Dynamic Weighing Report
--- Dynamic Weighing --31.Aug 2004
15:47
Balance Type
XS6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
dw
dw
dw
dw
dw
n
x
s
s.rel
Min
Max
Diff
Sum
30.61
31.34
30.65
30.21
31.06
g
g
g
g
g
30.774
0.437
1.42
30.21
31.34
1.13
153.87
g
g
%
g
g
g
g
5
Signature
........................
Shown at left is an example of a report of statistical values for a series of dynamic weighings. The values which are included in the header line, as individual values, and in the
footer, depend on your individual report settings (Section 10.3.8).
The following explanations relate only to the specific items of information for dynamic
weighing and the associated statistical values contained in the example report shown
at left. You will ind explantations of the other information items in the report in Section
4.2.7:
“dw”:
Results of the individual weighings (“dw” = dynamic weighing).
“n”:
Number of individual weighings included in the statistics.
“x”:
Average (mean) weight of all weighings included in the statistics.
The mean is reported with a resolution 10 times higher than for
the individual measurements.
“s”:
Standard deviation of the series. The same comment regarding
the resolution applies as for “x” above.
“s.rel”:
Relative standard deviation of the series (in percent). The value is
always reported with 2 decimal places.
“Min”:
Lowest value determined in the current measurement series.
“Max”:
Highest value determined in the current measurement series.
“Diff”:
Difference between the lowest and highest values in the current
measurement series.
“Sum”:
Accumulated weight of all individual measurements which have
been saved.
Important information for interpretation of the reported results
The values of “x” and “s” are calculated results which are shown with a higher resolution
than the individual values. For small series of measurements (< approx. 10 measurement
values),and measurement series with small deviations,the signiicance of the last decimal
place cannot be guaranteed. You will ind the formulas used for calculating these values
in Section 5.4.4.
The “LabX Client” Application
104
11
The Application “LabX Client”
This section provides an introduction to the “LabX Client” application. It provides information on starting the application and the setting
options (for information on non-application-speciic system settings, see chapter 3).
11.1
Introduction to the “LabX Client” Application
The “LabX Client” application registers your balance as a client in the “LabX balance” PC application (“LabX light balance” or “LabX
pro balance”).“LabX balance” enables the deinition of complete dialog-controlled work processes for the balance, and can be used
to store and manage measured values and additional data in a database on the PC.
As soon as you have started the application, the balance establishes contact with “LabX balance” and following successful logon, the
PC application assumes control of the balance. The balance screen then displays the user navigation for “LabX balance”.
The “LabX balance” PC software is not covered in these instructions. For more information on working with this software, see
the separate operating instructions for “LabX balance”.
Since your balance is controlled as a “LabX Client” by the PC software,“LabX Client” only has a few application-speciic settings.
11.2
Selecting the Application
I
If the “LabX Client” application is not already active, press the «I» key. Choose the icon
for the application in the selection window.
Once the application has been selected, the balance tries to establish contact with the
“LabX balance” software on the PC. If logon is successful, the user navigation for “LabX
balance” is displayed. For all further instructions, refer to the operating instructions
for “LabX balance”.
Software Updates
105
12
Software Updates
METTLER TOLEDO is continuously improving its software for the beneit of customers. So that you, the customer, can beneit quickly
and easily from further developments, METTLER TOLEDO makes the latest software versions available on the internet. The software
made available on the internet has been developed by Mettler-Toledo AG using processes that meet the guidelines of ISO 9001.
Mettler-Toledo AG does not, however, accept liability for consequences that might arise from using the software.
12.1
Operating Principle
You will ind all the relevant information and updates for your balance on the METTLER TOLEDO website at the following address:
www.mt.com/balance-support
We recommend that you create a bookmark for this address in your web browser, so that you can access the site directly in future.
The balance software is loaded onto your computer along with the so-called “e-Loader II”. You can use this program to download the
software to the balance. The “e-Loader II” can also save the settings in your balance before the new software is downloaded to it. You
can reload the saved settings into the balance after the software downloading.
If the selected update includes an application that is not described in these instructions (or that has been updated in the meantime)
you can download the corresponding instructions in Adobe Acrobat® PDF format.You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader®, which is already
installed on many computers, to open PDF documents (e.g. from www.adobe.com).
The following Sections offer detailed information on obtaining software updates from the internet and downloading software into the
balance.
12.2
Requirements
The minimum requirements for obtaining applications from the internet and downloading them into your balance are as follows:
– PC with Microsoft Windows® operating system (Version 98, 98SE, ME, NT 4.0, 2000 or XP)
– Internet connection and web browser
– PC – balance connection cable (RS232 cable, 9-pin sub-D plug m/f, order number 11101051)
12.3
Loading Software Updates From the Internet
The irst step is to download the software from the internet on to your computer:
Connect to the internet.
In your browser, select “www.mt.com/balance-support” as the internet address, and then click the “Software” link.
Click on the appropriate update package for your balance.
Enter the information required for registration.
Load the software package onto your computer.
Before you install the “e-Loader II” software program, please read section 12.4.
Software Updates
106
12.4
Loading the New Software Into the Balance
Before you can load the software obtained from the internet into the balance, you must connect the balance through the RS232 cable
to the serial interface of your computer. Note: The cable must always be connected to the RS232C interface that is permanently
fitted at the factory!
Set the interface on the balance to the following values (detailed information on these system settings can be found in Section 6.6).
Select “Host” as the peripheral device, and then set the following communication parameters: baud rate: 9600, parity: 8 bits/none,
handshake: none, end of line: <CR><LF>, character set: ANSI/WIN.
Make sure that the corresponding communication parameters on your computer are set to the same values.
Start the “e-Loader II VXXX” installation program that you obtain from the internet (“XXX” is a place holder for the version number). This
program installs the e-Loader on your computer.
Follow the instructions, which will take you step-by-step through the installation.
The e-Loader II will start automatically after installation.This diagram illustrates the starting
screen for the e-Loader II.
You are asked to select the interface on the computer to which the balance is connected (if necessary, this setting can be changed at any later time in the “Options” –>
“COM Port” menu).
Having selected the interface, click “Proceed”.
A message window appears, reminding you that the standard RS232C interface on the
balance is to be used.The interface settings are also listed once again (see above). Close
the window by clicking on “OK”.
Under the factory settings, the e-Loader II guides you through the updating process using
English as the language. If you wish, you can enter the “Options” –> “Language” menu
to select one of the other available languages. The e-Loader II will then display all the
instructions and notes in the language that you have chosen.The following diagrams and
information are based on the English version.
Before you update the software of your balance, please check in the “Help” menu that the
communication with the balance is functioning. (In the example shown here, the e-Loader
II is conirming that a balance is connected.)
If the e-Loader II reports that a balance is not connected, irst check whether the correct
interface, with the right setting, has been selected, and then, if necessary, check that the
communication settings of the computer and the balance correspond.
Software Updates
107
You can begin the updating process once you have made the necessary settings and
checked that the connection is operating. Click on “Start Software Update Procedure” to
do this. Follow the instructions provided by e-Loader II; these will guide you step-by-step
through the updating process. e-Loader II will ask you whether you want to save the current
balance settings on your computer. We recommend that you carry out this data backup.
This will save you from having to enter all the settings again, since they will all be returned
to the factory settings in the course of the update. At the end of the updating procedure,
e-Loader II will ask whether the saved data should be reloaded back into the balance.
Before you start the actual updating operation, you have the possibility to deine a Secure
ID to protect the balance against unauthorized software updating operations. To do this,
click on the “Create Secure-ID” button. If you do not wish to use this function, click on
“Continue”.
The Secure ID is balance-speciic and saved in the balance. Please make a note of the
Secure ID and keep it in a safe place. If you forget the Secure ID, no further updates can
be made to the balance.
Deine the “Secure ID” and conirm it by entering it again in the ield provided. Then click
on “Continue”.
The balance now displays a list of the updates which have been performed. In this window
you can enter a user identiication “User ID” so that it is subsequently possible to trace
who performed the software updating operation.
Click on “Continue” to start the updating operation.
The balance software consists of a terminal software and a weighing-platform software.
After the terminal software has been loaded, updating of the weighing-platform software
begins. Here, too, you can deine a Secure ID and enter a User ID.
Changing the Secure ID: The Secure ID can be changed when a new software updating
operation is started.To do so, click on the“Change Secure ID” ield.You can now enter a new
Secure ID. If you leave the ield empty, the Secure ID is deleted and no longer active.
When the updating process has been completed, you can close e-Loader II. Your balance
will now operate with the newly loaded software.
Software Updates
108
12.5
Saving and Reloading Balance Settings
As well as balance software updates, e-Loader II also offers a data backup function whereby the current balance settings can be copied
to a PC. This means that you have a backup copy of your settings available at all times. If necessary, you can copy this back into the
balance. The function can also be used to copy the settings from one balance to another.
In order to save the current balance settings on a PC, start e-Loader II and call up the data
backup function, as shown in the diagram here.
The dialog box opposite prompts you to select the path for saving the backup ile through
the “Browse” button. e-Loader II suggests a combination of the current date and the
current time as a name for the backup ile, and the ile extension “.dat”. (For example:
“2003_08_19_12_06.dat” for backup ile that was created on the 12th August 2003 at
12.06.) You are free to alter the ile name, if you wish, but not the “.dat” extension.
Click on “Start” to begin the data backup. Successful completion of the backup is conirmed on the display.
To copy the balance settings from the PC back into the balance, call the reload function,
as illustrated here.
Having started the reload function you can select, via the “Browse” button, the settings ile
that is to be loaded back into the balance, after which you can begin the transfer process
with “Start”. Bear in mind that this will cause all the settings saved in the balance
to be overwritten!
Error and Status Messages
109
13
Error and Status Messages
13.1
Error Messages Occurring During Normal Operation
Most error messages appear in plain text directly in the respective application, and usually accompanied by a text describing how to
correct the error. Error messages of this type are self-explanatory and therefore not mentioned below.
The following error messages can appear instead of the weighing result:
Overload
The weight on the pan exceeds the weighing capacity of the balance. Reduce the weight
on the weighing pan.
Underload
Ensure that the weighing pan is correctly in place, can move freely, and does not catch
on the draft cover.
Error when switching on or zeroing G (weight display lashes)
When the balance was switched on (i.e. when it was connected to the power supply,
switched on from standby mode or by zero adjustment) one or more limits were exceeded.
The usual reason for this message to appear is when there is a weight on the weighing
pan when the balance is switched on. Remove the weight.
Taring or zeroing was interrupted
A taring or zeroing operation was aborted because a stable result was not obtained during the settling time. Close the doors of the draft shield and check the working location
(drafts, vibrations). Press “OK” and repeat the taring/zeroing.
13.2
Further Error Messages
If any error messages appear (“Error x”) other than those described above, please contact your METTLER TOLEDO dealer.
Error and Status Messages
110
13.3
Status Messages
Status messages are displayed by means of small icons (symbols) in the top right of the display (close to the date or time, see Section 2.2). The status icons indicate the following:
The balance would like to carry out a fully automatic FACT adjustment but is unable because another operating
sequence is running. The adjustment is carried out as soon as the balance is unloaded, the display becomes
stable and no key has been pressed for 2 minutes (Section 4.4.1). The status icon disappears after the adjustment is successfully completed.
This status icon appears if the “CalInfo” function is active (Chapter 3.3.1) and an adjustment is required. In this
case, the adjustment must be started manually with the internal or external adjustment weight (Chapters 4.4.2
and 4.4.3). After successful completion of the adjustment, the status icon disappears.
The battery in your balance must be replaced. This battery ensures that the date and time are not lost when
the balance is disconnected from the network. Contact your dealer’s service department as soon as possible to
have a service technician change the battery.
Your balance is due for servicing. Contact your dealer’s customer service department as soon as possible to
have a technician service your balance.
Appendix
111
14
Appendix
14.1
Conversion Table for Weight Units
Kilogram
1 kg
= 1000.0
g
1g =
0.001
kg
Milligram
1 mg
=
0.001
g
1g =
1000.0
mg
Microgram
1 µg
=
0.000001
g
1g =
1000000.0
µg
Carat
1 ct
=
0.2
g
1g =
5.0
ct
Pound
1 lb
=
g
1g ≈
0.00220462262184878
lb
Ounce (avdp)
1 oz
=
28.349523125
g
1g ≈
0.0352739619495804
oz
Ounce (troy)
1 ozt
=
31.1034768
g
1g ≈
0.0321507465686280
ozt
Grain
1 GN
=
0.06479891
g
1g ≈
Pennyweight
1 dwt
=
1.55517384
g
1g ≈
0.643014931372560
dwt
Momme
1 mom =
3.75
g
1g ≈
0.266666666666667
mom
Mesghal
1 msg ≈
4.6083
g
1g ≈
0.217
msg
Tael Hong Kong
1 tlh
=
37.429
g
1g ≈
0.0267172513291833
tlh
Tael Singapore
(Malaysia)
1 tls
≈
37.7993641666667
g
1g ≈
0.0264554714621853
tls
Tael Taiwan
1 tlt
=
37.5
g
1g ≈
0.0266666666666667
tlt
Tola
1 tola
=
11.6638038
g
1g ≈
0.0857353241830079
tola
Baht
1 baht =
15.16
g
1g ≈
0.0659630606860158
baht
453.59237
15.4323583529414
GN
Appendix
112
14.2
SOPs - Standard Operating Procedures
In the documentation of a GLP test, the SOPs are a small, but very important part.
Practical experience conirms that SOPs written in-house are followed much better than SOPs written by an an external, anonymous
source.
You will ind below a brief overview of the responsibilities in relation to SOPs, as well as a checklist for creating an SOP.
Responsibilities in relation to SOPs
Head of testing laboratory
Instructs SOPs to be created
Approves SOPs with date and signature
Testing supervisor
Ensures that SOPs are available
Employees
Follow the SOPs and other guidelines
GLP quality assurance
Checks whether valid SOPs are available
Checks whether the SOPs are followed
Checks how and when changes are documente
Checklist for creating SOPs
Administrative matters
1.
Use of SOP forms
2.
Name of testing laboratory
3.
Date of creation of SOP
4.
Archive reference for SOPs
5.
Page number (1 of n)
6.
Title
7.
Date of release
8.
Modiication number
9.
Designation of departments/ofices responsible for implementation
10. Date and signaturesn:
a) Author
b) Person checking
c) Person authorized to approve
11. Distribution list
YES
NO
Appendix
113
Contents of the SOP
YES
1.
Introduction and objective
2.
Material required
3.
Description of work steps
4.
Description of documentation
5.
Data processing and evaluation
6.
Documents, samples, etc., to be preserved
7.
Archiving information
8.
For administrative information, see page 112
14.3
NO
Recommended Printer Settings
English, German, French, Spanish, Italian…
Printer
Balance
Balance / Printer
Char Set
Char Set
Baudrate
Bit / Parity
Stop Bits
Handshake
End of Line
xx-P25/26/28
Ansi/ Win Latin 1
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
xx-P42/43/45
IBM/DOS1)
IBM/DOS
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
Chinese, Japanese
Printer
Balance
3)
xx-P25/26 /28
xx-P42/43/45
Balance / Printer
Char Set
Char Set
Baudrate
Bit / Parity
Stop Bits
Handshake
End of Line
Ansi/ Win Latin 1
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
Russian
Printer
Balance
Balance / Printer
Char Set
Char Set
Baudrate
Bit / Parity
Stop Bits
Handshake
End of Line
xx-P25/26/28
IBM/DOS Cyrillic
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
LC-P45 Cyrillic
IBM/DOS1)
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
xx-P42/43/45
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
Katakana
Printer
Balance
Balance / Printer
Char Set
Char Set
Baudrate
Bit / Parity
Stop Bits
Handshake
End of Line
xx-P25/26/28
Ansi/ Win Japanese
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
xx-P42/43/45
Ansi/ Win1)
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
1)
Printer settings not available.
2)
Required font for this language not available.
3)
RS-P26 possible with irmware version 2.0 or higher
Index
114
15
Index
A
Access rights 25
Additive mode 51
Adjustment 16
Adjustment (calibration) 43
Adjustment and test printout 18
Adjustment with the internal weight 53
Ambient conditions 20
Application-speciic settings 11
Application“Density” 63
Application“Dynamic Weighing” 92
Application“Formulation” 56
Application “LabX Client” 104
Application“Percent Weighing” 77
Application“Piece Counting” 82
Application“Statistics” 47
Application“Weighing” 29
Applications 11
Automatic zero setting 20
AutoZero 20
Aux connections 26
Auxiliary liquid 64, 69
B
Backup copy 108
Balance information 27
Balance parameters 19
Barcode data 39
Battery 110
Beep 95
Brightness of the display 23
C
Calibration 16
Certiicate 17
Certiied versions of balances 10, 21, 33
Checking the adjustment 45
Checklist for creating SOPs 112
Contact switches 26
Continuous mode 22
Contrast 23
Controls 8
D
Data backup 107, 108
Date 9, 24
Density application 63
Density statistics 73
Density table 76
Difference 54
Display 9
Display mode 9
Dynamic Weighing 92
E
e-Loader II 105
Energy saving function 26
ErgoSens 26
Error messages 109
External adjustment weight 17
External keyboard 40
External test weight 18
F
FACT 16, 43, 110
Factory settings 27
Filling guide 61
Fixed reference piece count 83
Footer 35
Formatting the output data 36, 98
Formulae 75
Formulas 55
Formulation application 56
Free weighing unit 33
Fully automatic adjustment (calibration) 43
Function keys 10, 31, 48, 57, 65, 78, 83, 93
G
Gamma sphere 63, 71
GLP 112
H
Hanger 63
Header 34
I
Identiiers 39, 41
Individual values 35
Info ields 78
Information ields 9, 10, 32, 49, 58, 66, 84, 96
Interface 21
Item counter 41
Index
115
K
Mean value 55
Minimum weight 94
Software 8, 11, 105
Software updates 105
Solid body 69
SOP 112
Stability detector 11
Standard deviation 55
Standard Operating Procedures 112
Standby 26
Statistics 47, 65, 100, 102
Statistics application 47
Status icons 9, 110
Status messages 110
Summer time 24
Symbols 7
System settings 12, 15
O
T
Operating sequence 13
Overload 109
Target value 61
Taring 11
Temperature criterion 43
Terminal 8
Terminal settings 23
Time 9, 24
Tolerances 61
Touch Function 23
Touch screen 9
Keyboard 40
Keys 11
L
LabX balance 104
LabX Client 104
LabX light balance 104
LabX pro balance 104
Language 21
Liquid 70
M
P
Password 14, 25
Pastes 71
Percent Weighing application 77
Peripheral devices 21
Piece counting 82
Printer settings 113
Printout 34, 36
Printout settings 54
U
Underload 109
User ID 107
R
Reference 78
Reference piece count 83
Reference piece weight 83
Reference weight 80
Relative standard deviation 54, 55
Reload function 108
Repeatability 20
Resolution 41
S
Secure ID 107
Security system 14
Series of weighings 51
Service 110
Simple weighing 11
Sinker 63, 70
SmartTrac 9, 10, 61
V
Value release 20
Volume 23
W
Weighing 10, 29
Weighing application 29
Weighing printout 34
Weighing result 9
Weighing type 20
Weighing unit 9, 33
Weight display 9
Weight display lashes 109
Winter time 24
Z
Zero 11
Zero adjustment 11
Zero setting 20
To protect your METTLER TOLEDO product’s future:
METTLER TOLEDO Service assures the quality, measuring accuracy
and preservation of value of all METTLER TOLEDO products for years
to come.
Please send for full details about our attractive terms of service.
Thank you.
*11781118*
Subject to technical changes and to changes in
the accessories supplied with the instruments.
© Mettler-Toledo AG 2008
11781118 Printed in Switzerland 0804/2.12
Mettler-Toledo AG, Laboratory & Weighing Technologies, CH-8606 Greifensee, Switzerland
Phone +41-44-944 22 11, Fax +41-44-944 30 60, Internet: http://www.mt.com