Dixon ZTR 1950-2300 Series Operator`s manual

1950-2300 Series
ZTR®
Model Y
ear 200
4
Year
2004
IMPORTANT - READ CAREFULLY
The Dixon® ZTR® Mower is both easy and fun to
operate. However, any power mower must be
operated properly to be safe. It is not a toy or a
recreational vehicle. Before you start to use the
mower, read the operator’s manual carefully
and become completely familiar with the controls.
The information contained in this manual applies
to all Dixon® ZTR® 1950 and 2300 Series
Mowers. Your Dixon dealer will gladly answer any
questions.
See your dealer for warranty service, parts and
repairs.
INDEX
Page
Safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Warranty Policy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Seat Adjustment Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16-19
Operation Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-32
Care & Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33-47
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48-49
Standard Service Parts List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
1950/2300 Series
Part No. 17077-0903
3
SAFETY
RIDING LAWN MOWERS,
IF IMPROPERLY OPERATED,
CAN CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
The most common causes of injury to the operator or bystander...
BLADE CONTACT
TIP OVER
RUN OVER
BACK OVER
...read and understand this manual to prevent injuries.
4
SAFETY
Safety Alert Symbol
When you see this symbol,
BE ALERT to the potential for injury.
Follow recommended safety precautions
and safe operating practices.
DANGER
(highlighted in red)
indicates an imminently hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
(highlighted in orange)
indicates a potentially
hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.
CAUTION
(highlighted in yellow)
indicates a potentially
hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury. It may also be used
to alert against unsafe practices.
5
SAFETY
Failure to observe the following safety
instructions could result in serious injury or death.
GENERAL OPERATION:
•Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual
and on the mower before starting.
•Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the
instructions, to operate the mower.
•Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc.,
which could be picked up and thrown by the blade.
•Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing.
Stop mower if anyone enters the area.
•NEVER carry passengers.
•Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always
look down and behind before and while backing.
•Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point
it at anyone.
•Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass
catcher or the deflector in place.
•Slow down before turning.
•Never leave a running mower unattended. Always turn off
blades, set parking brake, stop engine and remove key before
dismounting.
6
SAFETY
GENERAL OPERATION (continued):
•Turn off blades when not mowing.
•Stop engine before removing grass catcher or unclogging
chute.
•Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
•Do not operate the mower while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
•Watch for traffic when operating near or crossingroadways.
•Use extra care when loading or unloading the mower into a
trailer or truck. Do not ride the mower when loading and
unloading.
•Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side
shields when operating mower.
•Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above, are
involved in a large percentage of riding mower-related
injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to
operate the riding mower safely enough to protect
themselves and others from serious injury.
•Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for wheel
weights and counterweights.
•Maintain or replace safety & instruction labels as needed.
WARNING:
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
7
SAFETY
SLOPE OPERATION:
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control
and tip-over accidents,
which can result in severe injury or death.
All slopes requires extra caution.
If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it,
do not mow it!
DO
Mow across the slope with your Dixon ZTR - never up
or down.
Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the mower. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
Use slow speed. Tires may lose traction on slopes
even though the brakes are functioning properly.
Use extra care with grass catchers or other
attachments. These can change the stability of the
mower.
Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
8
SAFETY
SLOPE OPERATION (continued):
DO (continued):
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose
traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly down
the slope.
If front wheels lift off the ground, pull the levers back
to stabilize the mower.
DO NOT
Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn
slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The
mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge
of a cliff or ditch or if an edge caves in.
Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause
sliding.
Do not try to stabilize the mower by putting your foot on
the ground.
Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
9
SAFETY
SERVICE:
•Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels.
They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
Use only an approved container.
Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling.
Do not smoke while refueling.
Never refuel the mower indoors.
Never store the mower or fuel container inside
a building where there is an open flame.
If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing
immediately.
To prevent fire and explosion caused by static
electricity:
Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a
truck or trailer bed with a plastic liner. Always
place containers on the ground away from your
vehicle before filling.
When practical, remove fuel-powered equipment
from the truck or trailer and refuel it on the
ground. If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a trailer with a portable container,
rather than from a fuel dispenser nozzle.
If a fuel dispenser nozzle must be used, keep
the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank
or container opening at all times until fueling is
complete.
Do not use a nozzle lock-open device.
10
SAFETY
SERVICE (continued):
•Never run a mower inside a closed area. The exhaust
fumes aretoxic.
•Keep nuts and bolts tight, especially blade attachment
bolts, and keep equipment in good condition.
•Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
•Keep mower free of grass, leaves, or other debris
buildup. Clean up oil or fuel spillage. Allow mower to
cool before storing.
•Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object.
Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
•Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running unless otherwise specified.
•Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage
and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or
allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check components and replace with original equipment parts, when
necessary.
•Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s)
or wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing
them.
•Batteries contain sulfuric acid. To prevent burns avoid
contact with skin, eyes and clothing. To prevent a fire or
explosion keep sparks and open flames away from
battery.
•Before disconnecting the negative (-) ground cable, make
sure all switches are OFF.
11
SAFETY
CHILDREN:
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is
not alert to the presence of children.
Children are attracted to lawn mowers and the mowing activity.
NEVER assume children will stay where they were last seen.
Be alert to avoid accidents.
•Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
•Be alert and turn mower off if a child enters the area.
•Before and during backing, look BEHIND and DOWN for
small children.
•Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously
injured or interfere with safe mower operation.
•Never allow children to operate the mower.
•Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
12
DIXON LIMITED WARRANTY POLICY
Pro Models 1950 ~ 2300 ~ 2560
DIXON ZTR MOWERS ARE WARRANTED AGAINST DEFECTS IN MATERIALS AND
WORKMANSHIP AND PROVIDES FOR REPLACEMENT OR REPAIR OF PARTS
INCLUDING LABOR COSTS. THIS WARRANTY IS SUBJECT
TO THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS AND LIMITATIONS.
1. Home Owner Application: Dixon Pro Model used only at owner’s primary place of residence
is warranted for a period of two (2) years from date of purchase. Frame, body panels and
fenders are warranted for the life of the mower.
2. Commercial Application: Defined as use other than, or in addition to, mowing at owner’s
primary place of residence. Units used in commercial application are warranted for a period of
one (1) year from date of purchase or 400 hours of use, whichever comes first.
3. Warranty applies only to original retail purchaser of new and unused mowers and accessories.
4. All Dixon warranty must be accomplished by authorized Dixon dealers and in accordance with
Dixon warranty policy and allowances. All warranty claims must be approved by Dixon
Industries, Inc.
5. Battery Warranty: limited to 90 days from date of purchase.
6. Accessories Warranty (grass catchers, snow blades, covers, etc.): Limited to 90 days from
date of purchase.
7. Warranty does not apply to damage in transit or incidents of misuse, negligence, accidents, or
alteration. The use of parts or components other than those supplied by Dixon Industries
VOIDS ALL WARRANTY.
8. The following items are not covered by this warranty policy:
(a) Pick up and delivery charges for transportation of mower to and from an authorized
Dixon dealer’s place of business.
(b) Routine maintenance or adjustments.
(c) Belts/blades/hydro filters.
(d) Engines - All engines used on Dixon ZTR mowers are warranted by each individual
engine manufacturer.
(e) Any costs or expense of providing substitute equipment while repair work is being
performed on a warranted mower.
9. There is no other express warranty. Implied warranties, including those of merchantability and
fitness for a particular purpose are limited to the same duration of the express warranty and to
the extent permitted by law any and all implied warranties are excluded. Liabilities for
consequential damages under any and all warranties are excluded.
13
SPECIFICATIONS
Model ZTR 1950 and 2300
CHASSIS:
11 GA - rectangular tube
SEAT:
Designed for operator comfort by use of high-density closed cell foam
padded back and arm rests, upholstered with CorduraTM waterrepellent fabric. Seat is adjustable fore and aft. Mounted on operator
suspension system.
MOWER DECK:
Two decks are available. The 60” is made of stamped steel. The 50”
is made of 11 GA fabricated welded construction with external
reinforcement ribs. Three blades combine for a 50” or 60” cut width.
Cut height approximately 1.5” to 5” via 8 position lift handle.
BLADE DRIVE:
Electric clutch
DRIVE SYSTEM:
Each rear wheel is independently driven by a HydroGear BDP 10A
pump and a White CE 14 hydraulic motor.
ENGINE:
Model 1950:
Model 2300:
19HP Kawasaki , overhead valves, replaceable oil filter, full pressure
lube system, dual element air cleaner, integral fuel pump.
23 HP Kohler Command, 4-cycle, V-Configuration, Overhed Valve, AirCooled, Gasoline, Vertical Shaft, Aluminum Head and Crankcase with
Cast Iron Liners, Full Pressure Lubrication/Full Flow Filter, Pulse Type
Fuel Pump, Fixed Jet Carburetor w/Smart-Choke, Electronic Ignition,
In-line Fuel Filter, Dual Element Air Cleaner.
STARTING SYSTEM: Electric by key switch operation with safety interlocks on parking brake
and blade drive clutch.
TIRES:
Front
Rear
11 X 4 X 5 ribbed tread (16-21 lbs)
20 X 10 X 8 Turf Master (8-14 lbs)
CAPACITIES:
Fuel - 11 gallon (approximately)
Hydrostat Oil tank - 4 quart with in-line 40 micron filter
Engine - 2 qts. SAE 10W30 (with filter)
DIMENSIONS:
Width
60” (50” Deck), 72” (60” Deck)
Height 46.5”
Length 75”
Weight 737 lbs, (50” Deck], 770 lbs (60” Deck)
Additional information provided in service instructions under the individual component.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE
14
SEAT ADJUSTMENT INSTRUCTIONS
Models 1950 & 2300
1.
Grasp seat slide adjuster and move
it into adjustment position.
2.
Slide seat forward or backward.
3.
Release seat slide adjuster.
15
CONTROLS
CONTROL LEVERS
Note:
For access to the seat, move control levers to neutral position and
swing them outward.
TO GO FORWARD:
•From neutral position, gently push both control levers forward.
•To increase speed, move levers further forward.
TO GO BACKWARD:
•From neutral position, gently pull both control levers toward you.
TURNING:
•Turning is controlled by moving one control lever slightly forward or
rearward of the other.
•To turn left, move left lever rearward of the right lever.
•To turn right, move right lever rearward of the left lever.
•To turn on mower’s own axis (zero turning radius), stop and move
one lever to reverse position and the other to forward position.
BRAKING:
•To brake mower, move both levers in direction opposite of travel.
LEFT TURN OPPOSITE
Note: The pressure required to operate the mower is very light.
16
CONTROLS
CHOKE CONTROL LEVER:
•Located on control panel to operator’s right.
•Used to start a cold engine.
THROTTLE CONTROL LEVER:
•Located on control panel to operator’s right.
•Controls engine speed, slow to maximum.
•While moving, throttle control should be set to MAXIMUM
for wide open setting to insure adequate cooling of the
engine and to maintain mower deck blade speed.
17
CONTROLS
PARKING BRAKE:
The parking brake is designed to hold the mower from
moving and is not intended for use in stopping the mower
while it is in motion.
CAUTION
Engage parking brake before starting
engine.
TO SET PARKING BRAKE:
The hand operated brake is located at the left hand side of
the mower.
To engage brake, pull lever up (to the rear).
To release brake, move lever forward (down).
Note:
Always set parking brake before dismounting.
Release parking brake before moving mower.
HYDRO GEAR SYSTEM:
Allows the mower to turn on its own axis (zero turning
radius).
Each lever controls one side of the mower.
Note:
18
The pressure required to operate the mower is
very light.
CONTROLS
BLADE DRIVE:
•Located on control panel to operator’s
right.
To engage blade: Pull up on switch.
To disengage blade: Push down.
CIRCUIT BREAKER:
•Located on control panel to operator’s
right.
•Protection of the electrical system is by
(1) 15 amp circuit breaker.
•If circuit breaker trips, push button to
reset.
•If this condition repeats, consult dealer for
inspection and repair.
MOWER DECK CUT HEIGHT LIFT LEVER:
•Located to the right and front of operator.
•Controls the cutting height.
•Eight positions of adjustment.
•Depress trigger and move lever forward to
lower deck.
•Depress trigger and pull lever back to raise
deck.
NOTE: Always use high position for transport.
19
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
The safe and successful operation of the 1950 or 2300
Series will depend upon the operator having the correct
knowledge of all controls used on the mower and making
good judgements about the terrain to be mowed.
NEVER allow anyone to operate the mower without
complete knowledge of all the controls and their functions.
During initial operation, “learning to drive”, set throttle at
slow speed.
TOWING:
Towing a trailer or other attachment that is too heavy
could damage the drive or cause the mower to become
unstable. Limit loads to 500 pounds or less with this
mower.
20
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
BEFORE OPERATING MOWER:
1. Read and observe all safety instructions on your
mower and in the manual.
2. Read engine manufacturer’s operating and
maintenance instructions.
3. Discuss proper maintenance with your dealer.
4. Check engine oil.
5. Check fuel cap to be sure it is in place.
6. Be sure parking brake is on.
7. Be sure mower blade drive is off.
8. Know how to stop engine. (Turn key to off position).
21
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
TO FREE WHEEL MACHINE
(UNLOCK TRANSMISSION):
Always turn off engine before engaging or disengaging the
hydro release (free wheel) valves. Never attempt to move
the valves with the engine running.
The hydro release valves are located beneath the seat, on
the front side of the hydro pumps. To access the release
valves, lift the seat frame assembly, use a 5/8” wrench to
rotate bolt counter-clockwise two full turns to disengage
pump. Repeat procedure for opposite pump. To engage,
rotate each pump bolt clockwise until bolt is snug.
Note: Before pushing or towing tractor, the transmission must be unlocked, and parking brake
released. The tractor should never be pulled at
more than two miles per hour or for any
appreciable distance.
22
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
TESTING OF SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEMS:
Do not operate mower if safety switches are not operating properly.
PARKING BRAKE SWITCH TEST:
a) Place parking brake in OFF position.
b) Turn ignition switch to START.
ENGINE SHOULD NOT TURN OVER OR ATTEMPT TO START!
BLADE DRIVE SWITCH TEST:
a) Place parking brake in ON position.
b) Engage blade drive switch.
c) Turn ignition switch to START.
ENGINE SHOULD NOT TURN OVER OR ATTEMPT TO START!
SEAT SWITCH TEST:
a) In a SAFE AREA away from bystanders, start the
engine.
b) Engage blade drive switch.
c) Raise slightly off seat.
ENGINE SHOULD STOP!
If any safety check fails: Do not operate the mower
until the system has been checked and repaired
by an authorized Dixon ZTR dealer!
23
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
SIDE DISCHARGE OF THE CLIPPINGS:
In order to achieve optimum performance when side discharging
the grass clippings, please read and follow the tips listed below.
Additional information can be found in the troubleshooting guide.
CAUTION
Be sure that the deflector is properly
installed on the discharge chute.
1. Set engine speed control to the wide open or full
setting.
2. Do Not Attempt To Cut Grass When It Is Wet. Wet
grass will clog the underside of the deck and
discharge area.
3. If the grass is tall, place the mower deck cut height
lever in the top or second notch. “Initially” overlap
cutting swaths instead of a full swath with each pass.
Some applications may require a second cutting.
4. Keep The Underside Of The Mower Deck Clean.
Frequent removal of dried grass and dirt will allow the
clippings to discharge correctly. (Disengage blade
and stop engine prior to clearing grass from either
the discharge chute or grass catcher components.)
5. Maintain Sharp Blade(s) Throughout The Cutting
Season.
24
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
GRASS HEIGHT AND CUTTING SUGGESTIONS:
Do not attempt to cut grass when it is wet.
If the grass is tall, place the mower deck cut height lever
in the top or second notch. “Initially” overlap cutting
swaths instead of a full swath with each pass. Some
applications may require a second cutting.
As a rule of thumb, never cut off more than 1/3 of the
total grass blade length.
Correct mowing height can reduce weeds and disease by
50% to 80%.
The following grass cut heights are based on adequate
moisture conditions and normal thatch build-up in a
healthy lawn. Some locations and applications may
require slightly different cut heights. If in doubt, consult
your local lawn professional for assistance.
Grass Types
Bermudagrass
Bluegrass
Buffalograss
Ryegrass
Tall Fescue
Zoysiagrass
Best Cut Heights
1 - 2”
2 - 3”
11/2 -3”
2 - 3”
3-31/2”
1 - 3”
25
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
STARTING INSTRUCTIONS
(cold engine):
1. Position choke control in “on”
position.
2. Position throttle control at 1/2
speed setting.
3. Insert ignition key and turn to “start”
position. When engine starts,
release ignition key. Key will return
to “run” position.
4. Once engine starts to warm up,
slowly move choke control to “off”
position.
5. Move throttle control to the “fast”
position.
6. Engine must be operated with
throttle control in the “fast” position,
or maximum setting to insure
adequate lubrication and cooling of
the engine, and cut quality of the
mower deck.
CAUTION
26
Do not operate the engine in an enclosed area
due to the harmful exhaust gas produced.
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
STARTING INSTRUCTIONS
(engine has been operated):
1. Move throttle control to 1/4 to 1/2
setting.
2. Insert ignition key and turn to “start”
position. When engine starts,
release ignition key. Key will return to
“run” position.
3. Move throttle control to “fast”
position.
Note: Engine may require partial
choke setting to start even if the
engine has been operated for a
period of time.
4. Engine must be operated with
throttle control in the “fast” position,
or maximum setting to insure
adequate lubrication and cooling of
the engine, and cut quality of the
mower deck.
27
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
MOWING WITH A MULCHING ATTACHMENT:
Mulching or recycling the grass clippings requires a totally different
mowing approach than would be normal when side discharging or
bagging the grass. There may be instances or conditions where it is
not possible to hide all of the recycled or mulched clippings.
In order to achieve the best results, please read and follow the
mulching tips listed below:
28
1.
Set the engine speed control to the wide open or full
setting.
2.
Place the mower deck cut height selector in either
the top or second notch. Never cut more than
3/4” to 1” off the grass at any one time.
Attempting to cut more grass will result in the deck
plugging and cause the engine to stall.
3.
It may be necessary to cut the lawn twice to achieve
acceptable mulching performance especially on first
cuttings or if the lawn is heavily fertilized.
4.
Do Not Attempt To Cut Grass When It Is Wet.
Mulching performance will be very poor under wet
grass conditions.
5.
Maintain Sharp Blade(s) Throughout The Cutting
Season. This is very important. Optimal mulching
performance cannot be obtained with a dull or
nicked-up blade.
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
MOWING WITH A MULCHING ATTACHMENT
(continued):
6. Keep the Underside Of The Mower Deck Clean.
Remove all grass and dirt build-up from the underside
of the pan, the baffles and deflectors after each use.
7. Alternate mower direction. This will evenly disperse
the mulched grass clippings over the lawn for even
fertilization.
If the mulching quality of the mower does not seem to be
satisfactory, try one or more of the following tips:
1. Raise the height-of-cut setting on your mower.
2. It may be necessary to cut your grass more frequently.
3. Operate the mower at a slower ground speed.
4. Overlap cutting swaths instead of cutting a full swath
with each pass.
5. Mow across the marginal areas a second time.
6. CUT HIGH - MOW OFTEN!
29
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
MOWING WITH A GRASS CATCHER ATTACHMENT:
In order to achieve optimum performance when mowing with a grass
catching attachment, please read and follow the tips listed below.
30
1.
Set engine speed control to the wide open or full
setting. Allow engine, mower deck and blower to
reach full RPM before attempting to mow.
2.
Do Not Attempt To Cut Grass When It Is Wet. Wet
grass will clog both the underside of the deck and
the attachment chutes. Empty bags often to prevent
plugging.
3.
If the grass is tall, place the mower deck cut height
selector in the top or second notch. “Initially” overlap
cutting swaths instead of a full swath with each
pass.
4.
Keep The Underside Of The Mower Deck Clean.
Frequent removal of dried grass and dirt will greatly
assist in bagging of the clippings.
5.
Use only the correct blade(s). Some grass catching
attachments require a “high-lift” blade. See your
dealer for advice on the type of blade(s) needed for
your mower.
6.
Maintain Sharp Blade(s) Throughout The Cutting
Season.
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
MOWING WITH A GRASS CATCHER ATTACHMENT
(continued):
7.
Operate the mower at a slower ground speed than
when mowing without a grass catching attachment.
8.
Some mowing applications/use of grass catchers
may require that an optional weight box be fitted to
the mower to counter the weight of grass in the bags.
Please consult with your dealer for more information
regarding installation and adding weight to the box.
CAUTION
•Watch for low hanging branches or other obstacles
which might hit the catcher top while turning or
backing the mower.
•Use care when backing to avoid pushing the grass
bags into the frame or “hot” exhaust muffler of the
engine.
•Disengage blade and stop engine prior to clearing
grass from either the discharge chute or grass
catcher components.
•Keep all attachment bolts tight.
•Do Not operate the mower with the grass catching
attachment partially removed.
• Important: Do Not leave clippings in the bags while
the mower is stored.
31
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
DECK ROLLERS (60” deck):
Purpose:
The spring loaded deck rollers located at the
front corners of the 60” mower deck are
designed as an aid to limit turf scalping when
mowing on uneven ground.
Height:
Normal height settings as installed at the
factory allows each roller to ride slightly above
the turf. This setting should prove ideal under
most mowing conditions.
Adjustment: Some mowing applications may require
lowering of each front roller. To lower the
roller, remove the pin, spring, washers and
spacer (P/N 9789) from the top of roller
bracket tube. Remove roller bracket from
tube. Slide spacer P/N 9789 on roller
bracket shaft and reassemble using washer,
spring and pin at the top.
Lubrication: The use of a penetrating oil or light grease on
the roller bracket shafts will keep roller moving
freely.
32
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
Before performing any maintenance, turn off engine,
allow to cool & remove key.
Use extreme care when working on machinery.
Do not wear watch or jewelry. Do not wear loose fitting clothes,
and observe all common safety practices with tools.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
• Adjust traction drive idler........................................after 5 hours break-in
• Check deck serpentine belt...........................................after 20 hours break-in
(adjust bumper to approximately 1/2” thick)
• Check crankcase oil level..........................................................before each use
• Clean grass from hydrostat fans...........................................before each use
• Clean grass & debris from muffler & manifold area..........before each use
• Clean grass under deck...............................................................after each use
• Check tire pressure......................................................................every 10 hours
• Inspect blades for sharpness......................................................every 10 hours
• Check hydrostatic transmission fluid...........................................every 25 hours
• Clean air filter element....................................................................every 25 hours
•Check traction drive idler adjustment................................every 50 hours (see page 48)
• Grease all zerks.....................................................................................every 50 hours
• Check all belts..........................................................................................every 50 hours
•Change engine crankcase oil and filter...........(5 hours break-in) every 50 hours
•Replace air filter elements..........................................annually or every 100 hours
•Replace spark plugs.....................................................annually or every 100 hours
•Change hydrostat oil and oil filter................(100 hours break-in) every 500 hours
33
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
ENGINE:
For complete maintenance and operating information of
the engine,please refer to the maintenance instructions
furnished by the engine manufacturer and included in
your Zero Turn Radius mower information packet.
BATTERY:
CAUTION
Battery contains sulfuric acid electrolyte which is
poisonous and corrosive.
•This is a maintenance-free battery and the fluid level
cannot be checked.
•Charge battery if required.
OFF SEASON BATTERY STORAGE:
•DO NOT remove battery from mower.
•Clean top of battery and terminals with baking soda and
water.
•Identify each cable so they can be reconnected to the
correct terminal.
•Disconnect cables from terminals. ALWAYS disconnect
ground cable first and reconnect last.
•Charge battery.
TIRES:
Correct tire pressure is essential for efficient operation of
the mower. Check tire pressure periodically. Inflate tires to
the pressure listed below.
Front Tires
11 x 4 x 5
16-21 lbs. PSI
Rear Tires
20 x 10 x 8
8-14 lbs. PSI
Lug nuts or lug bolts should be checked regularly for tightness.
34
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
CUTTER BLADE MAINTENANCE:
CAUTION
Stop engine and remove ignition key for safety.
Wear heavy, thick gloves when holding onto
cutter blade, avoid the sharp edge of the blade.
Check sharpness of mower blades after every 10 hours of operation.
Observe proper blade position prior to removal.
1.
Safely raise front of mower.
2.
Hold or block blade from
turning.
3.
Loosen blade bolt and
remove blade.
4.
When replacing blade,
tighten blade bolt securely.
Refer to diagram. Be sure
blade is centered on pilot
before tightening nut to 60
ft. lbs.
Blades should be discarded when worn excessively.
DANGEROUS!
DO NOT USE
BLADE IN
THIS
CONDITION!
New Blade
When notch starts,
discard blade
35
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
BELTS:
Check belts every 50 hours. Replace any belts found to be
in poor condition.
BELT TENSION:
Engine to Mower Deck Belt:
P/N 6111 (50”)
P/N 6938 (60”)
The engine to mower deck drive belts are automatically
held in proper tension by springs which push the deck
assembly forward and do not require any additional
adjustment to be made.
Mower Deck Serpentine Belt:
P/N 1300 (50”)
P/N 6939 (60”)
Refer to illustration for adjustment procedure.
Idler Weldment
Idler Shock Mount
“L” Rod
Hex Nut
5/8”
Tighten or
loosen hex
nut to
achieve this
demension
Note:
36
Belt deflection or movement should be approximately 1/4” when
measured at mid-point between pulleys. Periodically inspect both belt
and idler systems.
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
FUEL SHUT OFF VALVE:
The fuel shut off valve is located at the bottom front of the
fuel tank.
Always turn the valve to the “OFF” position when the
mower is stored or not in use.
LUBRICATION:
CHASSIS:
(7) grease zerks used
LOCATIONS:
(1) each brake band shaft
(1) each front wheel caster tube
(1) each mower deck hub
SERVICE INTERVALS:
Every 50 hours of operation
RECOMMENDED GREASE:
Name brand wheel bearing or
multi-purpose grease. Once
per season or 50 hours of
operation (3 pumps each).
Note: Adequate lubrication of the caster tubes and mower deck
hubs will help dispel moisture from within the bearing
retention areas. Bearings are of a sealed variety.
37
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
Hot oil may cause burns. Allow
engine to cool before draining oil.
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL:
1. The “Dapco” oil drain valve is located on the right side of
the engine crankcase on the 1950 and on the left side
of the engine crankcase on the 2300.
2. Place a suitable container under the drain valve. The
fitting of a short piece of hose will help direct the oil.
3. To drain, turn hex head valve stem counter--cockwise
with 10mm wrench or socket. Open to full open
(approximately 7 turns).
4. After engine is drained, tighten hex stem.
NOTE: Refer to engine manufacturer’s recommendations
for frequency of oil changes.
Hex Head Valve Stem
38
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
OIL FILL:
1. Drain oil.
2. Clean any spilled oil from engine and chassis.
3. Refill engine with type, and quantity of oil recommended
by the engine manufacturer in engine literature.
OIL FILTERS:
1. Replace filter each time the oil is changed.
2. These filters can be obtained from your authorized
engine dealer.
Kawasaki (P/N 49065-2078)
Kohler (P/N 12-050-01-5)
3. The use of any other oil filter may cause damage to the
engine.
PLEASE DISPOSE OF USED OILS AT PROPER COLLECTION CENTERS.
PROTECT YOUR ENVIRONMENT.
39
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
HYDROSTATIC TRANSMISSION OIL & FILTER SERVICE:
Dirt or water in oil can ruin the hydrostatic transmissions.
SERVICE INTERVALS:
1. Initial filter service - 50 hours
2. Every 250 hours or once a year thereafter.
OIL REQUIREMENTS:
Any high quality engine oil with an API classification of
SG/CD is recommended.
RECOMMENDED OIL WEIGHT:
Normal operation temperatures - 20W50
Cold climate usage - 10W40
Another alternative that will provide excellent all-climate
performance and extended time between oil changes is a
15W50 synthetic engine oil.
OIL FILTER:
P/N 7252 - IMPORTANT
The oil filter is a special design for use on “vacuum
or suction” oil flow systems.
DO NOT:
Use automotive engine oil filters. These filters
require a “pressure” to allow oil flow. Usage will
result in an “air-lock” condition with possible
damage.
40
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
HYDROSTAT OIL MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE:
Check the oil level in hydrostatic transmisison oil
reservoir after every 25 hours of usage. Clean the oil
reservoir cap and the area around it prior to removal.
Check the oil level. Oil should be approximately 1-3/8”
below top of oil tank. Replenish as needed with SAE
20W-50 motor oil. DO NOT OVERFILL. When checking
the oil level, be very careful to keep the reservoir clean.
Change the oil in the reservoir and hydrostat
transmission oil filter after the first 100 hours of use.
Then every 500 hours after that. Remove the filter and
be sure all oil has drained from the reservoir. Replace
with a new OEM filter (P/N 7252) and SAE 20W-50
motor oil.
Please dispose of used oil at proper collection centers protect your environment
41
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS:
Keep all connections clean and tight.
CLEANING THE MOWER:
Wash mower periodically. Clean above and below deck.
High pressure washing and alkaline based soaps can
cause damage to bearings and other parts of the mower.
After washing your mower, start the engine and engage
the mower deck for a few minutes to disperse any water
that may have accumulated in bearings, pulleys or fans.
Note: Allow mower to cool before washing. If bearings
are hot, they will draw moisture inside as they dry
and cause corrosion.
SERIAL NUMBERS:
The serial number is located on frame at rear of engine.
WARRANTY:
See warranty information on page 12 or the Warranty
Registration Form found in your owner’s packet.
PARTS/SERVICE:
See your Dixon dealer for replacement parts, warranty or
service.
PLEASE HELP PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT BY AVOIDING ALL
CHEMCIALS WHICH MAY DAMAGE OR CAUSE HARM TO
PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN YOUR AREA.
42
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
MOWER DECK REMOVAL:
1. Remove mower deck drive belt. To relieve belt
tension, insert 5283 link (at front of lift frame) into tab
illustrated below. Move lift handle into the lowest cut
position. Belt can now be removed from mower deck
pulley.
Insert end of
link here
5283
Link
Front of
lift frame
2. Remove front and rear deck hanger pins, as illustrated
below.
3. Slide deck from beneath chassis.
4. Reverse procedure to re-install deck to chassis.
43
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
MOWER DECK LEVELING PROCEDURE:
There are a total of (4) threaded adjusters which will control
the attitude or pitch of the mower deck. The adjusters have
locknuts on the bottom which can be turned up or down to
raise or lower the front and rear of the mower deck. Deck
should be level or pitched slightly higher in rear.
A . Place the mower on a smooth level surface with front
casters positioned t owards deck. Check tire pressures
to insure the mower has a correct stance. Inflate tires
as required:
Front
Rear:
16 - 21 lbs maximum
8-14 lbs maximum
NOTE: To insure accuracy of leveling procedure,
mower deck drive belt must be installed
prior to leveling deck.
B. Wear heavy gloves. Turn each outer blade tip
to align with the deck or in a side-to-side manner.
C . Measure from the floor surface up to the bottom of
the blade tip on the discharge side of the mower
deck. Retain this measurement. Move to the opposite
side, check that measurement is the same. If
adjustment is required, turn the nut on the bottom
of the front threaded adjuster up or down until both
side-to-side measurements are equal. Retain
measurement.
44
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
MOWER DECK LEVELING PROCEDURE
(continued):
D. Turn both outer blades to align with the deck in frontto-rear manner. Turn left rear adjuster nut up or
down until rear of mower deck is positioned level to
1/8” higher in the rear than the side-to-side
measurement. At this time, the mower deck will be
suspended on (3) points (both front adjusters and the
left rear adjuster). Move the right rear adjuster and
take out the slack which will be present by turning
adjuster locknut up.
E. Confirm measurements once again. Blade tips
should be level in a side-to-side manner. In the rear,
blade tips should be level to 1/8" higher than side-toside measurement. In the front, blade tips should be
level to 1/8" lower than side-to-side measurement.
NOTE: This will place the mower deck in a base
measurement position. Additional adjustment may
be required to achieve desired cut for the type of
grass or conditions being mowed.
Front
Adjusters
Left Rear
Adjuster
Deck Leveling Adjustment Points
45
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
STEERING CONTROL ADJUSTMENTS:
To adjust neutral:
1. Lift seat.
2. Block up the unit so that the drive wheels are off the
ground.
3. Loosen ball joint jam nuts on control rod.
Note: The front jam nuts are left hand threads.
4. With steering control arms in the “out” neutral position,
start the engine and run at fast idle.
5. Adjust the neutral position by turning the control rod until
the wheels do not rotate.
6. Re-tighten the jam nuts on the control rod and check to
see that the drive wheels are not turning.
7. Repeat steps 3-6 for the other side.
8. Shut off engine before removing the blocks.
46
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
STEERING CONTROL ADJUSTMENTS (continued):
To adjust neutral springs:
1. Loosen set screws on center spring stop collar
located on the control rods. (Requires a 1/8” Allen
wrench).
2. Swing control lever out. Tighten set screw on lock
collar.
3. Repeat for opposite side.
4. Engage parking brake and lower seat frame.
Release parking brake and swing control levers in. If
wheel creeps, repeat steps 1 and 2.
5. Stop engine and remove rear of machine from jack or
blocks.
6. Return the seat to the operating position.
7. Drive machine with both levers in top speed position.
If one side now drives slightly faster than the other
adjust forward speed bolt in to contact stop sooner.
If levers are now uneven at top speed, loosen control
lever mounting nut. Rotate lever to be even with other
side and tighten nut.
47
TROUBLESHOOTING
1. ENGINE WON’T TURN OVER
Mower blades engaged- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -disengage blades
Drive not in neutral - - - - - - move control levers to neutral “OUT”
Circuit breaker trips- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -reset breaker
Dead battery- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -charge or replace
Solenoid- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
Ignition switch- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
Starter- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Parking brake not on- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - engage parking brake
2. ENGINE WILL TURN OVER BUT WON’T START
No fuel- - - - - - - - - - - - -refuel and/or clean or replace fuel filters
3. HARD TO START ENGINE
Fuel line clogged- - - - - - - - - - clean fuel line and check fuel filter
Faulty fuel pump- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
4. ENGINE STARTS BUT CUTS OUT
Water in fuel- - - - - - - - - - - - drain old fuel-replace with new fuel
Clogged fuel line- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - check fuel filter
Fuel tank vent plugged- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -clean fuel vent
Faulty fuel pump- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -check vent
5. ENGINE OVERHEATED
Air intake screen or fins clogged- - - - - -clean intake screen and fins
Oil level too low or too high- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -adjust oil level
Running engine too slow - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -run engine faster
48
TROUBLESHOOTING
6. ENGINE RUNS BUT MOWER WON’T MOVE FORWARD
Drive belt broken or slipping- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -replace drive belt
Transmission oil low- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -add oil
Transmission locks in free-wheel position- - - - lock position(see pg.22)
Hydrostat oil filter plugged- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - replace filter
7. MOWER LOSES POWER OR TRANSMISSION OVERHEATS
Hydrostat transmission oil too low or high- - - - - - - - - - - - - -add or drain oil
Transmission damage- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Transmission blowing oil out cap- - - - - overfilled or water contaminated
8. ENGINE STALLS WHEN BLADES ARE ENGAGED
Operator not on seat- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - sit on seat
Faulty interlock system- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
Faulty blade spindle bearing- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Deck drive belt not properly routed- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -reroute
Blades blocked by foreign material- - - - - - - - - - - - - - clean under deck
9. DRIVE SYSTEM
Low on power- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - check belt tension
Mower pulls to side- - - - - - - - - check tire inflation/adjust control linkage
Mower creeps in neutral- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - adjust control linkage
10. CUT QUALITY
Skips in spots- - - - - - - - Cut uneven left to right- Poor dispersal of grass- Ends of grass blades are
- - - - -check for loose belt/slow ground speed
- - - - - - - - - check tire inflation/level the deck
- - - - - - - - - - -clean deck/check for loose belt
ragged- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - sharpen blades
49
STANDARD SERVICE PARTS LIST
50” Deck
Blades
Hi-Lift - P/N 9444 (Standard)
Lo-Lift - P/N 9443
Belts
Engine to Mower Deck - P/N 6111
Serpentine - P/N 1300
Engine to Hydros - P/N 2469
60” Deck
Blades
P/N 9445 (Hi-Lift)
Belts
Engine to Mower Deck - P/N 6938
Serpentine Belt - P/N 6939
Engine to Hydros - P/N 2469
50
OWNER
INFORMATION
DIXON INDUSTRIES, INC.
a BLOUNT International Inc. Co.
P.O. Box 1569
Coffeyville, Ks 67337-0945
620-251-2000
FAX 620-251-4117
Date Purchased _______________________________
Mower Model Number__________________________
Mower Serial Number ____________________________
Purchased From ________________________________
Name
________________________________
Address
______________________________
DATE OIL CHANGED:
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
DATE ENGINE TUNED:
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
51
ZTR®Mowers
WARNING:
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Dixon® and ZTR® are registered trademarks
of Dixon Industries, Inc.
DIXON INDUSTRIES, INC.
a BLOUNT International Inc. Co.
P.O. Box 1569
Coffeyville, Ks 67337-0945
620-251-2000
1950/2300
Part No. 17077-0903