Yamaha PSR-100 Specifications

YAMAHA
Contents
Getting Started. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Playing Your New PortaTone .......... 3
Voice Mode ............................... 5
Style Mode .................................... 6
Song Mode ................................... 9
Sound Effect and Drum Pads
(PSR-180) ..................................... 10
Sound Effect and Drum List ....... 10
Troubleshooting ...........................11
Percussion Assign List
(Voices 40 and 00) ......................11
Jam Track Chord Progression List .... 12
One Touch Setting List .............. 12
Song Scores ............................... 1 3
Specifications ............................ 24
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha PortaTone
You now own a portable keyboard that packs advanced functions and great sound in a highly compact size.
Its outstanding features also make it an exceptionally expressive and versatile instrument.
Read this Owner’s Manual carefully while playing your new PortaTone in order to take full advantage of its
various features.
Main Features
The PortaTone is a sophisticated musical instrument with the following features and functions:
•
Exceptionally realistic sounds with 100 AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) Voices,
utilizing digital recordings
of actual instruments.
• Dynamic, versatile rhythms and accompaniment with 100 music Styles.
• 20 Songs, for listening enjoyment or for playing along with when using the Minus One function.
• 20 Jam Track patterns, providing specially programmed rhythms and chord progressions for playing
along
with.
• (On
the PSR-180) a set of four Pads that allow you to play drum and percussion sounds as well as special
sound effects.
• One
Touch Setting, for automatically calling up an appropriate Voice for playing with the Style, Song or Jam
Track you select.
• High-quality
amplifier/speaker system (stereo for the PSR-180).
Precautions — Taking Care of Your PortaTone
Your new PortaTone is a fine musical instrument — and should be treated as such. Handle it with care and
common sense, and it will give you years of enjoyment.
Location
Avoid exposure to direct sunlight or other sources
of heat. Never leave it inside a car where it can get
very hot. Also avoid highly humid or dusty places.
Interference From Electromagnetic Fields
Do not-use your PortaTone close to television sets,
radios or similar equipment since this may cause
interference noise in the other appliance.
Handling
Protect your PortaTone from strong impact. Be
careful not to drop it or place heavy objects on it.
Avoid applying excessive force to the controls and
keys.
When Not Using the PortaTone
After use, always turn off the POWER switch. When
not using your PortaTone for long periods, be sure
to remove the batteries to avoid damage through
battery leakage.
1
Cleaning
Clean the exterior with a soft, dry cloth. To
remove stubborn stains, use a slightly moistened
cloth.
Never use alcohol, thinner, or other chemical
solvents, since they will damage the finish. Also,
do not leave vinyl chloride material on the PortaTone
for a long time, since it may adhere to the exterior.
NOTE
Yamaha is not responsible for damage caused by improper
usage.
Getting Started
Power Requirements
Accessory Jacks
Your PortaTone can run either on batteries (sold
separately) or on normal household current by using
the optional Yamaha PA-3/4/40 Power Adaptor.
Using Headphones
Using an AC Power Adaptor
To connect your PortaTone to a wall socket, you will
need the optionally available Yamaha PA-3/4/40
Power Adaptor. Use of other AC adaptors could
result in damage to the instrument, so be sure to ask
for the right kind. Plug the adaptor into a convenient
wall outlet and its connector into the DC 10-12V IN
jack on the back of your PortaTone.
For private practicing and playing without disturbing
others, connect a set of stereo headphones to the rear
panel HEADPHONES/AUX OUT jack. Sound from the
built-in speaker system is automatically cut off when
you insert a headphone plug into this jack.
PSR-180
Using Batteries
lnserting Batteries
Turn the instrument upside-down and remove the
battery compartment lid. Insert six 1.5-volt size
“D” batteries as shown in the illustration, making
sure that the positive and negative terminals are
properly aligned. Replace the lid.
PSR-76
Connecting a Keyboard Amplifier
or Stereo System
When the Batteries Run Down
When the batteries run low and the battery voltage
drops below a certain level, the PortaTone may not
sound or function properly. As soon as this happens,
replace them with a complete set of six new batteries. Never mix old and new or different types of
batteries (e.g., alkaline and manganese).
After making sure the PortaTone and any external
devices are turned off, connect one end of a stereo
audio cable to the LINE IN or AUX. IN jack(s) of the
other device and the other end to the HEADPHONES/
AUX OUT jack of the PortaTone.
The Music Stand
Insert the bottom edge of the music stand into the slot
located at the top rear of the PSR-180/76 control
panel.
Auto Power OFF
The PSR-180/76 features an Auto Power OFF function that automatically turns the power OFF if the
instrument is not used for approximately 30 minutes.
This functions whether batteries or the AC power
adaptor is used.
2
Playing Your New PortaTone
This section briefly shows you how to use the various controls on the panel of the PortaTone.
Turning on the Power
Press the POWER ON/OFF button
to turn on the
power of the PortaTone. Whenever the power is
turned on, Voice 01 (PIANO) is automatically selected.
Selecting a Mode
Your PortaTone has three different operating modes:
Voice, Style and Song — each selected from the corresponding panel buttons. VOICE
lets you select and
play a Voice. STYLE lets you select and play a
setting that includes a rhythm/accompaniment pattern SONG
lets you select and play either a Song
or a Jam Track pattern.
To select one of the modes:
Press the button corresponding to the desired mode.
For now, press SONG to select the Song mode.
3
Playing a Song
in the Song Mode
A variety of Songs and special Jam Tracks have been
recorded to your PortaTone to give you a taste of
what you can do with the instrument, and to provide
music and patterns for you to play along with.
To select and play one of the Songs:
1. With the Song mode selected, use the Numeric
Keypad
to enter the desired Song or Jam
Track number. Be sure to enter a two-digit
number, as is printed next to each song on the
panel. For example, to select Song 09, first
press “0” on the Numeric Keypad, then “9.”
You can also use the +/- buttons on the Numeric
Keypad to step up or down through the preset
numbers; holding down the appropriate button
continuously changes the number. Note that the
+/- buttons have a "wrap around" feature. For
example, pressing the + button from the last
number returns to Song 01. (Song 01 is also
automatically selected when you turn the power
on.)
..
2
TO play the selected Song, press the START/STOP
button
Note that the dots in the MULTI DISPLAY flash
in time with the music. The left dot flashes at the
first beat of every measure, and the right dot
flashes at the other beats, (For more information
on the MULTI DISPLAY, see box at right.)
3.
Adjust the volume of the Song by using the
VOLUME control .
4.
Although the Song is automatically set to play at a
default tempo, you can change the speed of the
Song by using the TEMPO buttons
. Press
TEMPO + to increase the speed and TEMPO – to
decrease it; holding down the appropriate button
continuously increases/decreases the speed.
(Note that the tempo value is briefly shown in the
MULTI DISPLAY.)
If you want to set the tempo back to its original
default setting, press both TEMPO buttons simultaneously. (For more information on the Tempo
functions, see box at right.)
5.
To stop the Song, press the START/STOP button
again.
NOTE
You should enter numbers on the Numeric Keypad relatively
quickly. If you do not enter the second digit of a number
within about ten seconds after entering the first digit, the
first digit will be cancelled. Entry of a first digit is also
automatically cancelled if any other button on the panel
(except for those on the Numeric Keypad) is pressed before
entering the second digit. Also, keep in mind that entry of
numbers higher than 40 in the Song mode are ignored.
About the MULTl DISPLAY
As mentioned above, the dots in the MULTI DISPLAY flash in time with the rhythm, and the indication is used when a Song or Style plays back.
This flashing provides a visual indication of both
the tempo and the time signature of the rhythm.
For Songs and Styles in 4/4 time, the dots flash
like this:
1st beat
2nd beat
3rdbeat
4thbeat
For Songs and Styles in 3/4 time, the dots flash
like this:
1st beat
2nd beat
3rd beat
About the Tempo Functions
Tempo Values
As mentioned above, the tempo value is shown
briefly in the MULTI DISPLAY when one of the
TEMPO buttons is pressed. The displayed tempo
range is from 10 to 60; in actual tempo values, the
range is from 40 to 240 beats per minute. (Each
step in the tempo adjustment corresponds to 4
beats per minute.)
Default Tempos
Each Song and Style has been given a default or
standard tempo. If you change the tempo, you can
set it back to the original default setting, by pressing both TEMPO buttons simultaneously. Also, the
tempo of a Song or Style returns to the default
setting when selecting a different Song or Style.
(The set tempo remains, however, when switching
Styles during playback.) When you turn on the power
of ‘the PortaTone, the tempo is automatically set to the
default setting of Style 01.
4
Voice Mode
The Voice mode features 100 authentic Voices.
Many of these Voices have special preset characteristics or embellishments. The Voices are divided into
various categories depending on their characteristics or the effects used.
Dual Voices (#41 - #56) feature two Voices mixed
together in a layer for rich ensemble sounds. Split
Voices (#57 - #67) also have two Voices, but rather
than being layered, each is played from a different
range of the keyboard. Sustain Voices (#68 - #721
extend the sound by adding a natural, slow release.
Harmony Voices (#73 - #85) have an additional one-,
two- or three-note harmony added to the original
monophonic Voice. Finally, Echo Voices (#86 - #00)
have an echo effect that adds delayed repeats to the
original Voice.
Included in the Voices are special PERCUSSION
Voices (#40 and #00) that lets you play various drum
and percussion sounds from the keyboard. (Refer to
the Percussion Assign List page 11.)
Selecting a Voice
1.
Press the VOICE button to select the Voice mode.
2.
Use the Numeric Keypad to select the desired
Voice number.
Each Voice is automatically called up with the
most suitable octave range setting. Thus, playing
middle C with one Voice may sound higher or
lower than another Voice at the same key.
3.
Play the newly selected Voice. To change to
another Voice, repeat step 2 above.
You can also play rhythm Styles in the Voice mode
by simply pressing the START/STOP button. The
Style last selected from the Style mode will be
played.
5
About the Harmony Voices
Since Harmony Voices are designed to automatically play two or more notes with the notes you
play on the keyboard, only one note can be played
on the keyboard at a time. If several notes are
played together, only the last note or highest note
played will be heard.
The type of harmony used depends on the Voice
that is selected. When a Style or Song/Jam Track
is not being played back, the basic key for the
harmony is always C. When a Style is played or
the Stopped Accompaniment function is active, the
harmony changes according to the chord played
with the left hand. When a Song is played back, the
harmony changes according to the chord progression of the Song or Jam Track.
NOTE
The PortaTone is polyphonic up to a maximum of 12 notes.
(Depending on the Voice selected, fewer notes may be
available.) This includes not only the Voices played from the
keyboard, but also the notes in a Style pattern, and so on,
Thus, if you play too many notes at one time, some may not
sound and/or others may be cancelled.
Fingered Chords
Using the key of C as an example, the chart below shows the types of chords that can be recognized in the
Fingered mode.
Fingered Chords in the Key of C
Notes enclosed in parentheses are optional; the chords will be recognized without them.
NOTE
If the chord is inverted (ie., C-E-G is played as G-C-E), the PortaTone will still recognize it as a C chord.
Minor 6th chords are recognized only in root position, however; all other inversions are interpreted as minor 7th/flatted 5th.
l If augmented and diminished 7th chords are inverted, the lowest note will be recognized as the root.
l 7th flatted 5th chords may be played with the lowest note as the root or the 7th.
l 9th chords are recognized only in root position; all other inversions are interpreted as suspended 4th.
l Augmented 7th and diminished 7th chords are interpreted as simple augmented and diminished.
l The PortaTone also has a Chord Cancel function to stop the chord accompaniment but allow the rhythm pattern to continue playing,
To use Chord Cancel, simultaneously press any three consecutive notes in the AUTO ACCOMP. SECTION; for example, C, C# and D.
l
l
One Touch Setting in the Style Mode
The One Touch Setting function automatically
selects an appropriate Voice for playing with the
Style you select. In other words, when One Touch
Setting is on, the Voice automatically changes
when you change the Style.
To turn on the One Touch Setting function, press
the ONE TOUCH SETTlNG button. (The LED next to
the button lights.)
To turn the function off, press the button again.
NOTE
When the One Touch Setting is on, selecting another Style
will automatically reset the tempo to the default of the
selected Style.
8
Sound Effect and Drum Pads (PSR-180)
Use the button corresponding to the desired set of
sounds to change the bank. Press the button repeatedly to step through the banks. The selected bank
number briefly appears in the MULTI DISPLAY. For
example, to select bank 3, press the button next to
SOUND EFFECT repeatedly until “3” appears in the
MULTI DISPLAY.
The Sound Effect and Drum Pads let you play selected drum and percussion sounds, as well as
special sound effects, from the four Pads directly
above the right side of the keyboard.
The Pads can be played in any of the modes. You can
play them alone (for example, to try out your own
rhythms), or play them along with the Styles, Songs
and Jam Track patterns. Eight banks of sounds (four
in each bank) are available. There are 16 Sound
Effect sounds and 16 Drum sounds, and each sound is
shown graphically on the panel.
NOTE
NOTE
Up to two Pads ten be played simultaneously. Three or more
Pads can be played successively; however, the limit on total
simultaneous notes may result in cancellation of some sounds
or notes played in the Voice, Style or Song mode. (Refer to
the note regarding polyphony on page 5.)
Unlike the “one-shot” Drum sounds, the Sound Effect sounds
are complex sequences of sounds and once triggered, play
through to their end.
When the power is turned on, bank 1 of the Sound
Effect sounds is automatically selected.
Sound Effect and Drum List
Sound Effect
1.
2.
3.
4.
Safari
Forest
Train
Ocean
Percussion
Stream
Whistle
Seashore
Elephant
Bird 1
Locomotive
Gull
Lion
Bird 2
Crossing Signal
Boat
Monkey
Bird 3
Train Passing
Marine Horn
Bass Drum 1
Crash Cymbal
Synth Bass Drum
Splash Cymbal
Snare Drum 1
Tom Low
Synth Snare Drum
Synth Tom Low
Hi-hat Close
Tom Mid
Synth Hi-hat Close
Synth Tom Mid
Hi-hat Open
Tom High
Synth Hi-hat Open
Synth Tom High
Drum
5.
6.
7.
8.
AccDrum1
AccDrum2
SynDrum1
SynDrum2
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Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Cause and Solution
When the PortaTone is turned on or off, a buzzing
sound is temporarily produced.
This is normal and indicates that power is flowing
into the PortaTone.
The sound of the voices or rhythms seems unusual
or strange.
The battery power is too low. Replace the batteries.
Not all notes are heard when playing a number of
notes simultaneously.
Too many keys are pressed at the same time. The
PortaTone is polyphonic up to a maximum of 12
notes. (See the note on page 5.)
The sound of the Voice changes from note to note.
The AWM tone generation method uses multiple
recordings (samples) of an instrument across the
range of the keyboard; thus, the actual sound of the
Voice may be slightly different from note to note.
The power cannot be turned on.
Quick, successive pressing of the POWER ON/OFF
button may fail to turn the power on. When using
the POWER ON/OFF button, wait a short time between successive presses.
Percussion Assign List (Voices 40 and 00)
11
Jam Track Chord Progression List
One Touch Setting List
Turning on the One Touch Setting function, the following voice and tempo is automatically selected.
Jam Track List
Style List
12
Song Scores
V=Voice Number
ORIGINAL SONG 1
ORIGINAL SONG 2
13
V=Voice Number
ORIGINAL SONG 3
HOUSE OF THE RISING SUN
American Folk Song
14
V=Voice Number
THE LAST ROSE OF SUMMER
T. Moore
SUR LE PONT D’AVIGNON
French Folk Song
15
V=Voice Number
WALTZ OF THE FLOWERS
Tchaikovsky
AIR ON THE G STRING
J. S. Bach
16
V=Voice Number
BEAUTIFUL DREAMER
S. C. Foster
LONDONDERRY AIR
Irish Folk Song
17
V=Voice Number
SYMPHONY NO. 40
Mozart
DECK THE HALLS
Sacred Song
18
V=Voice Number
AULD LANG SYNE
Scottish Folk Song
SILENT NIGHT
F. Gruber
19
V=Voice Number
TANNENBAUM
German Folk Song
LA CUCARACHA
Mexican Folk Song
20
V=Voice Number
OH! SUSANNA
S. C. Foster
SONG OF JOY
Beethoven
21
V=Voice Number
O, VRENELI
Swiss Folk Song
TROIKA
Russian Folk Song
22
SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
This product utilizes batteries or an external power supply (adapter). DO NOT
connect this product to any power supply or adapter other than one described
in the manual, on the name plate, or specifically recommended by Yamaha.
This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a cart,
rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is used, please
observe all safely markings and instructions that accompany the accessory
product.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE:
The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the time of
printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to change or modify any of the
specifications without notice or obligation to update existing units.
This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones
or speaker/s, may be capable of producing sound levels that could cause
permanent hearing loss. DO NOT operate for long periods of time at a high
volume level or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you experience any hearing
loss or ringing in the ears, you should consult an audiologist.
IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the time period before damage
occurs.
approximately five years. When replacement becomes necessary, contact a
qualified service representative to perform the replacement.
This product may also use “household” type batteries. Some of these may be
rechargeable. Make sure that the battery being charged is a rechargeable
type and that the charger is intended for the battery being charged.
When installing batteries, do not mix batteries with new, or with batteries of a
different type. Batteries MUST be installed correctly. Mismatches or incorrect
installation may result in overheating and battery case rupture.
Warning:
Do not attempt to disassemble, or incinerate any battery. Keep all batteries
away from children. Dispose of used batteries promptly and as regulated by
the laws in your area. Note: Check with any retailer of household type batteries
in your area for battery disposal information.
Disposal Notice: Should this product become damaged beyond repair, or
for some reason its useful life is considered to be at an end, please observe all
local, state, and federal regulations that relate to the disposal of products that
contain lead, batteries, plastics, etc. If your dealer is unable to assist you,
please contact Yamaha directly.
NAME PLATE LOCATION:
NOTICE:
Service charges incurred due to a lack of knowledge relating to how a function
or effect works (when the unit is operating as designed) are not covered by the
manufacturer’s warranty, and are therefore the owners responsibility. Please
study this manual carefully and consult your dealer before requesting service.
The name plate is located on the bottom of the product. The model number,
serial number, power requirements, etc., are located on this plate. You should
record the model number, serial number, and the date of purchase in the
spaces provided below and retain this manual as a permanent record of your
purchase.
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:
Yamaha strives to produce products that are both user safe and environmentally friendly. We sincerely believe that our products and the production
methods used to produce them, meet these goals. In keeping with both the
letter and the spirit of the law, we want you to be aware of the following:
Model
Serial No.
Battery Notice:
This product MAY contain a small non-rechargeable battery which (if
applicable) is soldered in place. The average life span of this type of battery is
Purchase Date
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this
manual, meets FCC requirements, Modifications not expressly approved by
Yamaha may void your authority, granted by the FCC, to use the product.
IMPORTANT:
When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only
high quality shielded cables. Cable/s supplied with this product MUST be
used. Follow all installation instructions. Failure to follow instructions could
void your FCC authorization to use this product in the USA.
NOTE:
This product has been tested and found to comply with the requirements listed
in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B” digital devices. Compliance with
these requirements provides a reasonable level of assurance that your use of
this product in a residential environment will not result in harmful interference
with other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio frequencies
and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in the users
manual, may cause interference harmful to the operation of other electronic del
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This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha Corporation of America.
vices. Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee that interference
will not occur in all installations. If this product is found to be the source of
interference, which can be determined by turning the unit “OFF” and “ON”,
please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the following measures:
l
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by the
interference.
l
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch(circuit breaker or fuse)
circuits or install AC line filter/s.
l
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the
antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the lead-in to co-axial type
cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact
the local retailer authorized to distribute this type of product. If you can not
locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America,
Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA90620
Specifications
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Limited Warranty
90 DAYS LABOR
1 YEAR PARTS
Yamaha Corporation of America, hereafter referred to as Yamaha, warrants to the original consumer of a product included in the categories listed below that
the product will be free of defects in materials and/or workmanship for the periods indicated. This warranty is applicable to all models included in the
following series of products:
PSR SERIES OF PORTASOUND ELECTRONIC KEYBOARDS
If during the first 90 days that immediately follows the purchase date, your new Yamaha product covered by this warranty is found to have a defect in
material and/or workmanship, Yamaha and/or its authorized representative will repair such defect without charge for parts or labor.
If parts should be required after this 90 day period but within the one year period that immediately follows the purchase date, Yamaha will, subject to the
terms of this warranty, supply these parts without charge. However. charges for labor. and/or any miscellaneous expenses incurred are the consumers
responsibility. Yamaha reserves the right to utilize reconditioned parts in repairing these products and/or to use reconditioned units as warranty replacements.
THIS WARRANTY IS THE ONLY EXPRESS WARRANTY WHICH YAMAHA MAKES IN CONNECTION WITH THESE PRODUCTS, ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY
APPLICABLE TO THE PRODUCT, INCLUDING THE WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY IS LIMITED TO THE DURATION OF THE EXPRESS WARRANTY.
YAMAHA EXCLUDES AND SHALL NOT BE LIABLE IN ANY EVENT FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
Some states do not allow limitations that relate to implied warranties and/or the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages. Therefore, these limitations and exclusions may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
CONSUMERS
RESPONSIBILITIES
lf warranty service should be required, it is necessary that the consumer assume certain responsibilities:
1. Contact the Customer Service Department of the retailer selling the product, or any retail outlet authorized by Yamaha to sell the product for assistance.
You may also contact Yamaha directly at the address provided below.
2. Deliver the unit to be serviced under warranty to: the retailer selling the product, an authorized service center, or to Yamaha with an explanation of the
problem. Please be prepared to provide proof purchase date (sales receipt, credit card copy, etc.) when requesting service and/or parts under warranty.
3. Shipping and/or insurance costs are the consumers responsibility.* Units shipped for service should be packed securely.
*Repaired units will be returned PREPAID if warranty service is required within the first 90 days.
IMPORTANT: Do NOT ship anything to ANY location without prior authorization. A Return Authorization (RA) will be issued that has
a tracking number assigned that will expedite the servicing of your unit and provide a traking system if needed.
4. Your owners manual contains important safety and operating instructions. It is your responsibility to be aware of the contents of this manual and to follow
all safety precautions.
EXCLUSIONS
This warranty does not apply to units whose trade name, trademark, and/or lD numbers have been altered, defaced, exchanged removed, or to failures and/
or damages that may occur as a result of:
1. Neglect, abuse, abnormal strain, modification or exposure to extremes in temperature or humidity
2. Improper repair or maintenance by any person who is not a service representative of a retail outlet authorized by Yamaha to sell the product, an authorized
service center, or an authorized service representative of Yamaha
3. This warranty is applicable only to units sold by retailers authorized by Yamaha to sell these products in the U.S.A., the District of Columbia, and Puerto
Rico. This warranty is not applicable in other possessions or territories of the U.S.A. or in any other country.
Please record the model and serial number of the product you have purchased in the spaces provided below.
Serial #
Model
Purchased from
(Retailer)
Sales Slip #
Date
YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA
Electronic Service Division
6600 Orangethorpe Avenue
Buena Park, CA 90620
KEEP THIS DOCUMENT FOR YOUR RECORDS. DO NOT MAIL!
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