E-Z-GO Express S6 - Electric Specifications

Owner’s Guide
622013
ISSUED NOVEMBER 2011
REVISED APRIL 2013
WELCOME
Thank you for purchasing this vehicle. Before driving the vehicle, we ask you to spend some time reading this
Owner’s Guide. This guide contains the information that will assist you in maintaining this highly reliable vehicle.
Some illustrations may show items that are optional for your vehicle. This guide covers the operation of several vehicles; therefore, some illustrations may not represent your vehicle. Physical differences in controls will be illustrated.
Most of the service procedures in this guide can be accomplished using common, automotive hand tools. Contact
your service representative on servicing the vehicle in accordance with the Periodic Service Schedule.
Repair or replacement parts are available through your E-Z-GO retailer or E-Z-GO Genuine Service Parts.
The following information is needed when contacting E-Z-GO concerning service or parts for your vehicle:
Vehicle Model ____________________________________________________________________________
SERIAL Number / PIN Number / VIN Number __________________________________________________
FOREWORD
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
OWNER’S GUIDE
48 V ELECTRIC POWERED VEHICLE
EXPRESS L6
EXPRESS S6
STARTING MODEL YEAR 2012
Never modify the vehicle in any way that will alter the weight distribution of the vehicle, decrease its stability or increase the speed
beyond the factory specifications. Such modifications can cause serious personal injury or death. E-Z-GO Division of Textron, Inc. prohibits and disclaims responsibility for any such modifications or any other alteration which would adversely affect the safety of the vehicle.
E-Z-GO Division of Textron, Inc. reserves the right to incorporate engineering and design changes to products in this manual, without
obligation to include these changes on units sold previously.
The information contained in this manual may be revised periodically by E-Z-GO Division of Textron, Inc., and therefore is subject to
change without notice.
E-Z-GO Division of Textron, Inc. DISCLAIMS LIABILITY FOR ERRORS IN THIS MANUAL, and SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS LIABILITY FOR
INCIDENTAL AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES resulting from the use of the information and materials in this Manual.
TO CONTACT US
E-Z-GO Division of Textron Inc.
1451 Marvin Griffin Road.
Augusta, Georgia, USA 30906-3852
North America:
Technical Assistance & Warranty PHONE: 1-800-774-3946 FAX: 1-800-448-8124
Service Parts PHONE: 1-888-GET-EZGO (1-888-438-3946) FAX: 1-800-752-6175
International:
Page i
FOREWORD
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
This vehicle has been designed and manufactured in the United States of America (USA).
The Standards and Specifications listed in the following text originate in the USA unless otherwise indicated.
The use of non-Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) approved parts may void the warranty.
Failure to properly maintain batteries may void the warranty. Refer to the battery manual for
instructions on the proper maintenance and care of the batteries.
BATTERY PROLONGED STORAGE
All batteries will self-discharge over time. The rate of self-discharge varies depending on the
ambient temperature, the age and condition of the batteries.
A fully charged battery will not freeze in winter temperatures unless the temperature falls
below -75°F (- 60°C).
For winter storage, the batteries must be clean, fully charged and disconnected from any
source of electrical drain.
The battery charger may be left connected to the vehicle to maintain a full charge on the batteries, provided the charger is plugged into an active electrical source. If power to the electrical source is disconnected or interrupted the battery charger will continue to check the
charge on the battery pack, this will draw power from the battery pack and eventually drain
the batteries if power is not restored in a timely manner.
As with all electric vehicles, the batteries must be checked and recharged as required or at a
minimum of 30 day intervals.
Page ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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SECTION
PAGE NO.
SAFETY............................................................................................................................................................................... 1-1
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS............................................................................................................................................. 2-1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................................................. 3-1
OPERATING PROCEDURES.............................................................................................................................................. 4-1
MAINTENANCE................................................................................................................................................................... 5-1
Page iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Notes:
Page iv
SAFETY
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
TITLE
PAGE NO.
SAFETY................................................................................................................................................................. 1-3
NOTICES, CAUTIONS, WARNINGS, AND DANGERS......................................................................................... 1-3
GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................................. 1-4
GENERAL OPERATION ....................................................................................................................................... 1-5
MAINTENANCE .................................................................................................................................................... 1-5
VENTILATION ....................................................................................................................................................... 1-6
GENERAL SAFETY PRACTICES ......................................................................................................................... 1-6
Introductions................................................................................................................................................................................ 1-6
Safety Survey.............................................................................................................................................................................. 1-6
Steep Grade................................................................................................................................................................................ 1-7
Wet Areas ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-7
Sharp Turns, Blind Corners, Bridge Approaches ........................................................................................................................ 1-7
Loose Terrain .............................................................................................................................................................................. 1-7
Golf Car/Pedestrian Interference Areas ...................................................................................................................................... 1-7
MAINTENANCE..................................................................................................................................................... 1-7
Introductions................................................................................................................................................................................ 1-7
Preventive Maintenance.............................................................................................................................................................. 1-7
Parts and Materials ..................................................................................................................................................................... 1-7
Ventilation.................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-8
Maintenance Procedures ............................................................................................................................................................ 1-8
Maintenance Safety Procedures ................................................................................................................................................. 1-8
FUELS HANDLING AND STORAGE/BATTERY CHARGING............................................................................... 1-9
OPERATING SAFETY RULES AND PRACTICES ................................................................................................ 1-9
Operator Qualifications ............................................................................................................................................................... 1-9
LABELS AND PICTOGRAMS ............................................................................................................................. 1-10
1- 1
1
SAFETY
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1
Notes:
1- 2
SAFETY
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SAFETY
1
For any questions on material contained in this manual, contact an authorized representative for clarification.
Read and understand all labels located on the vehicle. Always replace any damaged or missing labels.
On steep hills it is possible for vehicles to coast at greater than normal speeds encountered on a flat surface. To prevent loss of vehicle control and possible serious injury, speeds should be limited to no more than the maximum
speed on level ground. See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS. Limit speed by applying the service brake.
Catastrophic damage to the drivetrain components due to excessive speed may result from driving the vehicle
above specified speed. Damage caused by excessive speed may cause a loss of vehicle control, is costly, is considered abuse and will not be covered under warranty.
Use extra caution when towing the vehicle. Do not tow a single vehicle at speeds in excess of 12 mph (19 kph). If the
vehicle is to be used in a commercial environment, signs similar to the ones illustrated should be used to warn of situations that could result in an unsafe condition.
BATTERY WARNING
Battery posts,
terminals and related
accessories contain
lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known
to cause cancer and
reproductive harm.
WASH HANDS
AFTER HANDLING!
BATTERIES
CONTAIN LEAD
AND RELATED PARTS
!
< 14° 25%
DO NOT
DRIVE ACROSS
SLOPES IN
EXCESS OF 14˚
WASH HANDS
AFTER HANDLING!
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to cause cancer and reproductive harm.
Observe these NOTICES, CAUTIONS, WARNINGS and DANGERS; be aware that servicing a vehicle requires
mechanical skill and a regard for conditions that could be hazardous. Improper service or repair may damage the
vehicle or render it unsafe.
NOTICES, CAUTIONS, WARNINGS, AND DANGERS
Throughout this guide NOTICE, CAUTION, WARNING, and DANGER will be used. Please observe these NOTICES,
CAUTIONS, WARNINGS, and DANGERS; be aware that servicing a vehicle requires mechanical skill and a regard for
conditions that could be hazardous. Improper service or repair may damage the vehicle or render it unsafe.
NOTICE
Address practices not related to personal injury.
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
DANGER
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
1- 3
SAFETY
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1
This manual has been designed to assist in maintaining the vehicle in accordance with procedures developed by the
manufacturer. Adherence to these procedures and troubleshooting tips will ensure the best possible service from the
product. To reduce the chance of personal injury or property damage, the following must be carefully observed:
Certain replacement parts can be used independently and/or in combination with other accessories to modify an EZ-GO-manufactured vehicle to permit the vehicle to operate at or in excess of 20 mph. When an E-Z-GO-manufactured vehicle is modified an any way by the Distributor, Dealer or customer to operate at or in excess of 20mph,
UNDER FEDERAL LAW the modified product will be a Low Speed Vehicle (LSV) subject to the strictures and
requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 571.500. In these instances, pursuant to Federal law the Distributor or Dealer MUST equip the product with headlights, rear lights, turn signals, seat belts, top, horn and all other
modifications for LSV’s mandated in FMVSS 571.500, and affix a Vehicle Identification Number to the product in
accordance with the requirements of FMVSS 571.565. Pursuant to FMVSS 571.500, and in accordance with the
State laws applicable in the places of sale and use of the product, the Distributor, Dealer or customer modifying the
vehicle also will be the Final Vehicle Manufacturer for the LSV, and required to title or register the vehicle as mandated by State law.
E-Z-GO will NOT approve Distributor, Dealer or customer modifications converting E-Z-GO products into LSV’s.
The Company recommends that all E-Z-GO products sold as personal transportation vehicles BE OPERATED ONLY
BY PERSONS WITH VALID DRIVERS LICENSES, AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE REQUIREMENTS. This restriction is important to the SAFE USE AND OPERATION of the product.
All customers should adhere to this SAFETY RESTRICTION, in connection with the use of all E-Z-GO products, new
and used, the Distributor or Dealer has reason to believe may be operated in personal transportation applications.
Information on FMVSS 571.500 can be obtained at Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500, or
through the Internet at the website for the U.S. Department of Transportation - at Dockets and Regulation, then to Title
49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (Transportation)
GENERAL
All vehicles can be used for a variety of tasks beyond the original intended use of the vehicle; therefore, it is impossible
to anticipate and warn against every possible combination of circumstances that may occur. No warning can take
replace good common sense and prudent driving practices.
Good common sense and prudent driving practices do more to prevent accidents and injury than all of the warnings
and instructions combined. E-Z-GO strongly suggests that all users and maintenance personnel read this entire manual paying particular attention to the CAUTIONS, WARNINGS and DANGERS contained therein.
If you have any questions regarding this vehicle, contact your E-Z-GO dealer or write to the address on the back cover
of this publication, Attention: Customer Care Department.
E-Z-GO reserves the right to make design changes without obligation to make these changes on units previously sold.
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice.
E-Z-GO IS NOT LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS MANUAL. E-Z-GO IS NOT LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES THAT RESULT FROM THE USE OF THE MATERIAL IN THIS MANUAL.
This vehicle conforms to the current applicable standard(s) for safety and performance requirements.
These vehicles are designed and manufactured for off-road use. They DO NOT conform to Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards of the United States of America (USA) and are not equipped for operation on public streets. Some
communities may permit these vehicles to be operated on their streets on a limited basis and in accordance with local
ordinances.
1- 4
SAFETY
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With electric powered vehicles, be sure that all electrical accessories are grounded directly to the battery (-) post.
Never use the chassis or body as a ground connection.
1
Refer to GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for vehicle seating capacity.
Never modify the vehicle in any way that will alter the weight distribution of the vehicle, decrease its stability
or increase the speed or extend the stopping distance beyond the factory specification. Such modifications
can result in serious personal injury or death.
Do not make any such modifications or changes. E-Z-GO prohibits and disclaims responsibility for all such modifications or and alterations which would adversely affect the safety of the vehicle.
Vehicles that are capable of higher speeds must limit their speed to no more than the speed of other vehicles when
used in a golf course environment. Additionally, speed should be further moderated by the environmental conditions,
terrain and common sense.
Operation of the vehicle is limited to persons above the height of 59 inches (150 cm).
GENERAL OPERATION
ALWAYS:
• use the vehicle in a responsible manner and maintain the vehicle in safe operating condition
• read and observe all warnings and operation instruction labels affixed to the vehicle
• follow all safety rules established in the area where the vehicle is being operated
• Leave the vehicle when there is a risk of lightning.
• reduce speed to compensate for poor terrain or conditions
• apply service brake to control speed on steep grades
• maintain adequate distance between vehicles
• reduce speed in wet areas
• use extreme caution when approaching sharp or blind turns
• use extreme caution when driving over loose terrain
• use extreme caution in areas where pedestrians are present
MAINTENANCE
ALWAYS:
• replace damaged or missing warning, caution or information labels
• maintain the vehicle in accordance with the manufacturer’s periodic service schedule
• ensure that repairs are performed by trained and qualified personnel
• follow the manufacturer’s maintenance procedures
• insulate any tools used within the battery area in order to prevent sparks or battery explosion
• check the polarity of each battery terminal and be sure to rewire the batteries correctly
• use specified replacement parts, NEVER use replacement parts of lesser quality
• use recommended tools
• determine that tools and procedures not specifically recommended by the manufacturer will not compromise the
safety of personnel nor jeopardize the safe operation of the vehicle
1- 5
SAFETY
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1
• support the vehicle using wheel chocks and jack stands, NEVER get under a vehicle that is supported by a jack,
lift the vehicle in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions
• maintain the vehicle in an area away from exposed flame or persons who are smoking
• be aware that a vehicle that is not performing as designed is a potential hazard and must not be operated
• test drive the vehicle after any repairs or maintenance in a safe area that is free of both vehicular and pedestrian
traffic
• keep complete records of the maintenance history of the vehicle
The manufacturer cannot anticipate all situations, therefore people attempting to maintain or repair the vehicle must
have the skill and experience to recognize and protect themselves from potential situations that could result in severe
personal injury or death and damage to the vehicle. Use extreme caution and, if unsure as to the potential for injury,
refer the repair or maintenance to a qualified mechanic.
VENTILATION
Hydrogen gas is generated in the charging cycle of batteries and is explosive in concentrations as low as 4%. Because
hydrogen gas is lighter than air, it will collect in the ceiling of buildings necessitating proper ventilation. Five air
exchanges per hour is considered the minimum requirement.
NEVER charge a vehicle in an area that is subject to flame or spark. Pay particular attention to natural gas or propane
water heaters and furnaces.
Always use a dedicated circuit for each battery charger. Do not permit other appliances to be plugged into the
receptacle when the charger is in operation.
Chargers must be installed and operated in accordance with charger manufacturers recommendations or applicable
electrical code (whichever is higher).
GENERAL SAFETY PRACTICES
Introduction
Like other machines, golf cars can cause injury if improperly used or maintained. This section contains broad safety
practices recommended for safe golf car operations. Before operation, the controlling party should establish such
additional specific safety practices as may be reasonably required for safe operations.
Experience has shown that golf cars which comply with the provisions stated in Part II of this Standard are safe when
properly operated in accordance with the safety and operation warnings affixed to every golf car. The safe operation is
enhanced when the golf cars are operated within a specific set of operation instructions, safety rules and practices
established to meet actual operating terrain and conditions.
The safety information contained in Part II is intended to provide the controlling party with basic safety information and
to encourage the controlling party to implement a golf car safety program.
It is suggested and recommended that Part II be reprinted in the golf car manufacturer’s operation and service manuals
to encourage safe operations and practices at the controlling party’s facility.
Safety Survey
The controlling party shall perform a safety survey periodically, and as conditions warrant to their premises, to identify
areas where golf cars should not be operated and to identify possible hazards.
1- 6
SAFETY
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Steep Grade
In areas where steep grades exist, golf car operations should be restricted to the designated golf car pathways where
possible, and shall be identified with a suitable warning giving the following information: “Warning, steep grade,
descend slowly with one foot on brake.”
Wet Areas
Wet grassy areas may cause a golf car to lose traction and may affect stability. Wet areas shall be chained or roped off
to prevent golf car operations or be identified by a suitable warning not to operate golf cars in this area due to wet
terrain.
Sharp Turns, Blind Corners, Bridge Approaches
Sharp turns, blind spots, bridge approaches and other potentially hazardous areas shall be either chained or roped off
to prevent golf car operations or identified with a suitable warning to the operator of the nature of the hazard and stating
the proper precautions to be taken to avoid the hazard.
Loose Terrain
Loose terrain may cause a golf car to lose traction and may affect stability. Areas of loose terrain should be repaired if
possible, or chained or roped off to prevent golf car operation or identified by a suitable warning to operators not to
operate golf cars in this area due to loose terrain or possible hazardous conditions.
Golf Car/Pedestrian Interference Areas
Areas where pedestrians and golf cars interfere shall be avoided whenever possible by rerouting the golf car traffic or
the pedestrian traffic to eliminate the interference. If elimination of the interference is not possible or is highly
impractical, signs shall be erected warning pedestrians of the golf car traffic and golf car operators of the pedestrian
traffic and to drive slowly and use extreme caution.
MAINTENANCE
Introduction
Golf cars may become hazardous if maintenance is neglected or improperly performed. Therefore maintenance
facilities, trained personnel and procedures in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations should be
provided by the controlling party.
Preventive Maintenance
A regularly scheduled inspection and preventive maintenance program in accordance with the manufacturer’s
recommendations should be established. Such a program will be a valuable tool in providing the golfing patron with a
safe, properly operating golf car and thereby help to avoid accidents.
Personnel
Only qualified, trained and authorized personnel shall be permitted to inspect, adjust and maintain golf cars.
Parts and Materials
Only manufacturer’s recommended replacement parts and materials shall be used.
1- 7
1
SAFETY
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Ventilation
1 Maintenance and storage areas shall be properly ventilated to avoid fire hazards in accordance with applicable fire
codes and ordinances.
Ventilation for gasoline powered golf cars shall be provided to remove flammable vapors, fumes and other flammable
materials. Consult applicable fire codes for specific levels of ventilation.
Ventilation for electric powered golf cars shall be provided to remove the accumulation of flammable hydrogen
gas emitted during the charging process. The amount of hydrogen gas emitted depends upon a number of factors
such as the condition of the batteries, the output rate of the battery charger and the amount of time the batteries are on
charge. Hydrogen emissions are generally considered to be in the area of 10 to 20 cubic liters per car per charge.
Because of the highly volatile nature of hydrogen gas and its propensity to rise and accumulate at the ceiling in pockets,
a minimum of 5 air changes per hour is recommended. The controlling party shall consult applicable fire and safety
codes for the specific ventilation levels required as well as the use of explosion proof electrical apparatus.
Maintenance Procedures
All maintenance shall be performed in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommended maintenance procedures as
outlined in the manufacturer’s operation and service manuals.
Maintenance Safety Procedures
All maintenance shall be performed in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommended safety procedures as
outlined in the manufacturer’s operation and service manuals. The following list of recommended safety procedures are
general in nature and in no way supersede the manufacturer’s specific instructions.
Follow manufacturer’s instructions for immobilizing golf car before beginning any maintenance.
Block chassis before working underneath golf car.
Before disconnecting any part of the fuel system, drain the system and turn all shut off valves to the ‘OFF’ position to
prevent leakage or accumulation of flammable fuels in the work area.
Avoid fire hazards and have fire protection equipment available.
Before performing any maintenance on an electric golf car, disable the electrical system in accordance with
the manufacturer’s instructions.
Use only properly insulated tools when working on electrically powered golf cars or around batteries.
Brakes, steering mechanisms, warning devices, governors and all other safety devices shall be inspected and
maintained in a safe and proper operating condition and shall not be modified as supplied by the manufacturer.
After each maintenance or repair the golf car shall be driven by qualified, trained and authorized personnel to ensure
proper operation and adjustment.
Driving golf car to check for proper operation and adjustment after repair shall be performed in an area that is free of
vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
Record all maintenance performed in a maintenance record log by date, name of person performing maintenance and
type of maintenance. Controlling party management should periodically inspect maintenance log to ensure currency
1- 8
SAFETY
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and completeness of entries.
1
Provide operator comment cards to assist in identifying non-periodic maintenance needs for specific golf cars.
The controlling party shall maintain in a legible condition all nameplates, warnings and instructions which are supplied
by the manufacturer.
The controlling party shall not perform any modification or addition which affects capacity or safe operation, or make
any change not in accordance with the owner’s manual without the manufacturer’s prior written authorization. Where
authorized modifications have been made, the controlling party shall ensure that capacity, operation, warning and
maintenance instruction plates, tags or decals are changed accordingly.
The manufacturer shall be contacted to secure new nameplates, warnings or instructions which shall then be affixed in
their proper place on the golf car.
FUELS HANDLING AND STORAGE/BATTERY CHARGING
The controlling party shall supervise the storage and handling of liquid fuels in accordance with applicable fire and
safety requirements.
Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gas fuels shall be in accordance with American Gas Association
recommendations and applicable fire safety requirements.
The controlling party shall require battery changing and charging facilities and procedures to be in accordance with
applicable ordinances or regulations
OPERATING SAFETY RULES AND PRACTICES
Operator Qualifications
Only authorized persons shall be allowed to operate golf cars. It is recommended that no persons be allowed to
operate golf cars except those persons who posses a valid motor vehicle driver’s license.
The controlling party shall display the operation and safety instructions as recommended by the golf car
manufacturers and the golf course safety rules in a conspicuous place near the golf car rental area or golf car pick-up
area. It is also recommended, as with all motor vehicles, that the warning “Do not operate golf cars when under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.” be posted in a conspicuous location.
1- 9
SAFETY
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LABELS AND PICTOGRAMS
!
!
P
R
F
!
< 1 4û 2 5%
< 1 4û 2 5%
F
R
cm
I
ON
F
O
OFF
I
ON
R
F
I
ON
R
O
OFF
601781
35962-G01
O
OFF
F
MIN 150
< 14° 25%
I
ON
< 14° 25%
O
OFF
F
I
ON
O
OFF
I
ON
F
R
O
OFF
614121
614121
WARNING
Windshields do not
provide protection
from golf balls or
other flying objects.
EGWHL14
H
OFF
ORN
ON
74322-G01
74322G01
!
1. To Prevent Roll-Back 2. Apply Service
Brake With
On a Hill From a
Left Foot
Stopped Position
4. Depress Accelerator While
3. Fully
Releasing Service Brake As
Release
Vehicle Starts
Park Brake
74443G01
74443G01
Pb
35493G01
3
3
01
MAX
250 lbs.
110 kg
MAX
4 in.
10 cm
MAX
14o / 25%
71415G01 71417G01 71419G01
610631
610631
MAX
???lbs.
???kg
PP
MAX
5 in.
12 cm
MAX
100 lbs.
45 kg
MAX
14o / 25%
74821G0
74821G01
601783
AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE IN EC IS:
RANSOMES JACOBSEN LTD.
WEST ROAD, IPSWICH,
SUFFOLK, IP3 9TT, UK
614068
601783
614068
28203-G01
1
28203G01
1 - 10
SAFETY
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1
1.
!
WARNING
9.
2.
< 14û 25%
READ MANUAL
WARNING
READ MANUAL
FOR MAXIMUM
LOAD BED
CAPACITY.
MAXIMUM RAMP/HILL
SECURE LOAD
MAX
AS FAR FORWARD
XXX lbs. AS POSSIBLE.
XXX kg MAXIMUM LOAD BED
10.
WARNING
USE CAUTION IN
INCLEMENT WEATHER
3.
CAPACITY
!
4.
WARNING
DO NOT OPERATE
UNDER THE INFLUENCE
OF DRUGS OR ALCOHOL
5.
MAXIMUM
CROSS HILL/RAMP
ANGLE AS SPECIFIED
MAX
14û/ 25%
12.
DANGER OF EXPLOSION
DO NOT FILL GAS CAN
IN LOAD BED
WARNING
MAXIMUM CROSS
HILL/RAMP ANGLE
AS SPECIFIED
6.
< 14û 25%
8.
DO NOT RIDE IN
LOAD BED
PP
!
7.
11.
LOAD WITH
HIGH CENTER
OF GRAVITY
COULD RESULT
IN TIP OVER
MAX
XX in.
XX cm
LOAD
CENTER
OF GRAVITY,
MAXIMUM
HEIGHT
13.
14.
MAX LOAD
XXX LBS
in
XXX KG xxx cm
WARNING
MAXIMUM LOAD
& CENTER OF
GRAVITY.
KEEP LOAD
AS FAR
FORWARD AS
POSSIBLE.
DO NOT RIDE
IN LOAD BED
KEEP HANDS &
FINGERS AWAY
FROM DUMP BED.
DO NOT STAND
BEHIND DUMP
BED
1 - 11
SAFETY
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1
15.
PP
16.
17.
18.
H2O
UNLEADED
GASOLINE
DO NOT
SPILL FUEL
ON A HOT
ENGINE
PP
PP
CLEAN UP
GASOLINE
SPILLS WITH
WATER BEFORE 28.
STARTING ENGINE
DO NOT
DISPOSE OF
BATTERIES
IN LANDFILL
29.
DO NOT
DRIVE ON
HIGHWAY
30.
WINDSHIELDS
DO NOT
PROVIDE
PROTECTION
FROM
FLYING OBJECTS
GROUND
FUEL PUMP
19.
LOW OIL PRESSURE
20.
NEGATIVE
GROUND
BATTERY
31.
21.
DO NOT CONNECT
POSITIVE BATTERY
TERMINAL TO GROUND
BATTERIES ARE
HEAVY.
USE CARE
LIFTING
32.
USE INSULATED
TOOLS
22.
23.
SHORTING BATTERY
TERMINALS MAY
CAUSE EXPLOSION
NO
TAMPERING.
KEEP HANDS
OUT
24.
WARNING
CORROSIVE
25.
WARNING
EXPLOSIVE
26.
27.
1 - 12
PP
3
2
1
33.
34.
NO SMOKING
35.
HOT SURFACE
36.
OPERATE
FROM
DRIVERS SIDE
ONLY
WARNING
LETHAL
VOLTAGE
DO NOT
EXPOSE
TO FLAME
WEAR EYE
PROTECTION
SAFETY
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
1
45.
HEADLIGHTS
KEEP ARMS
AND LEGS
WITHIN VEHICLE
37.
UNLOCKED
46.
38.
F
TO OPERATE VEHICLE IN REVERSE:
Q TURN KEY TO ON
Q MOVE DIRECTION SELECTOR TO
REVERSE
Q AN AUDIBLE DEVICE WILL SOUND
Q DEPRESS ACCELERATOR PEDAL
AND ACCELERATE SMOOTHLY
39.
R
40.
TO OPERATE VEHICLE IN FORWARD:
Q TURN KEY TO ON
Q MOVE DIRECTION SELECTOR TO
FORWARD
Q DEPRESS ACCELERATOR PEDAL
AND ACCELERATE SMOOTHLY
P
F
P
41.
TO LEAVE A GASOLINE POWERED
VEHICLE IN PARK:
Q APPLY PARKING BRAKE
Q TURN KEY TO OFF
Q MOVE DIRECTION SELECTOR TO
FORWARD
TO LEAVE AN ELECTRIC POWERED
VEHICLE IN PARK:
Q APPLY PARKING BRAKE
Q TURN KEY TO OFF
Q MOVE DIRECTION SELECTOR TO
NEUTRAL
N
KEEP CLEAR
HAND OR
FINGERS CAN
BE TRAPPED
42.
43.
ON
ON
POSITION
44.
OFF
OFF
POSITION
LOCKED
47.
48.
DIFFERENTIAL
LOCKED
49.
WARNING
KEEP ENTIRE BODY
INSIDE CAR
50.
MAXIMUM
TAILGATE
LOAD
51.
ENGINE
CRANKING
POSITION
START
52.
53.
LEAVE VEHICLE
WHEN LIGHTNING
IS IN THE AREA
cm
150
MINUMUM HEIGHT
TO OPERATE
VEHICLE
1 - 13
SAFETY
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1
Notes:
1 - 14
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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TITLE
PAGE NO.
EXPRESS S6 Vehicle Specifications .............................................................................................................................. 2 - 3
EXPRESS S6 Vehicle Dimensions .................................................................................................................................. 2 - 4
EXPRESS S6 Vehicle Incline Information and Turning Diameter ................................................................................. 2 - 5
EXPRESS L6 Vehicle Specifications .............................................................................................................................. 2 - 7
EXPRESS L6 Vehicle Dimensions .................................................................................................................................. 2 - 8
EXPRESS L6 Vehicle Incline Information and Turning Diameter ................................................................................. 2 - 9
2- 1
2
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
Notes:
2- 2
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
MODEL: EXPRESS S6
TYPE: ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIER
MODEL YEAR: 2012
Part No: 618865
PRODUCT SPECIFICATION
CONFIGURATION HIGHLIGHTS
Precision Drive System™ (PDS): Factory programmable to application
Solid State continuously variable seperately excited speed controller
Dash mounted direction selector switch (Forward-Neutral-Reverse)
Anti-roll back, walkaway braking and alarm
Anti-stall motor protection
Regenerative ’Pedal Down’ and/or ‘Pedal Up’ braking
Battery Charger:
Motor:
Drive Train:
Electrical System:
Transaxle:
Brakes:
Capacity:
Dimensions
Dimensions
Eight, 6 Volt Deep Cycle
Full torque, reduced speed reverse
Inductive throttle sensor
Diagnostic indicator
Factory selectable performance options
Delta Q, 48 VDC. H120/230 VAC 50/60 Hz. Underwriters Laboratories (U.L.) Listed, (C.S.A. Certified)
48 volt DC shunt wound, brazed armature, solid copper windings. Non-vented 15.2 hp (11.3 kW) at 1600 rpm (1hour)
Direct motor shaft connected to transaxle pinion shaft
48 Volt DC, eight, 6 volt deep cycle storage batteries (107 minute, 225 amp-hour @ 20 hr. discharge rate)
Differential with helical gears
Dual rear wheel mechanical self-adjusting drum brakes. Automatic single point park brake release
with self-compensating system.
Choice of 6 seats (Std) or 4 seats and optional Wood Stake Sides or Roto-molded Cargo box.
Cargo Bed: Roto-molded cross-linked polyethelene. Removable hinged multi-position tailgate requires no latch mechanism.
Overall Length
135.8 in (345.0 cm)
Overall Width
49.0 in (124.0 cm)
Overall Height
48.8 in (124.0 cm)
Overall Height (With Canopy) 72.0 in (183.0 cm)
99.5 in (253.0 cm)
Wheel Base
Front Wheel Track
37.8 in (96.0 cm)
Rear Wheel Track
38.5 in (98.0 cm)
Gnd Clearance @ Differential 5.5 in (14.0 cm)
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Performance
Vehicle Power
48 Volts DC
Power Source
Motor Type
Shunt Wound
Continuous Horsepower (kW) 2.5 hp (1.9 kW)
Intermittent Horsepower (kW)18.1 hp (13.5 kW) @ 1900 rpm
Electrical System
48 Volt
Eight, 6 Volt Deep Cycle
Batteries (Qty, Type)
Key or Pedal Start
Pedal Start
Battery Charger
48 VDC Delta Q, 120/230 VAC,
UL & CSA
Speed Controller
400 Amp Precision Drive System (PDS)
Drive Train
Motor Shaft Direct Drive
Differential with helical gears
Transaxle
Dash Mounted Forward-Neutral-Reverse
Gear Selection
14.7:1
Rear Axle Ratio
Seating Capacity
Passenger 4/6
Dry Weight
919.0 lb (417.0 kg) (Without Batteries)
Curb Weight
1415.0 lb (642.0 kg)
Vehicle load capacity
1200.0 lb (544.0 kg)
Outside Clearance Circle 35.6 ft (10.9 m)
Speed Level Ground
16.0 mph ± 0.5 mph (25.7 kph)
Speed - Reverse
6.9 mph (11.1 kph)
Steering & Suspension
Steering
Front Suspension
Rear Suspension
Service Brake
Parking Brake
Front Tires
Self-compensating rack and pinion
Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
Rear wheel mechanical self-adjusting drum
Self-compensating, single point engagement
SpeedRacer Tires 18x10-10, Diamond Wheel
Body & Chassis
Frame
Front Body & Finish
Rear Body & Finish
Seat Pod & Finish
0
Welded steel with DuraShield™ powder coat
Injection molded TPO
Injection molded TPO
Fiberglass & Gelcoat
Body & Chassis
Noise & Vibration
Noise
Sound pressure; continued A-weighted equal to or less
than 64 db(A)
Vibration, WBV Highest RMS value of weighted acceleration is less
Vibration, HAV than 2.5 m/s2
Highest RMS value of weighted acceleration is less
than 2.5 m/s2
The uncertainty of measurement is 0.46 m/s2
Measurement methods were applied per the ISO 2631 and ISO 5349 standards
under conditions of typical vehicle surfaces.
Some items shown may be optional equipment
Specifications are subject to change without notice
* Field installed accessories may require installation charges
2- 3
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
72.0 in.
(183.0 cm)
99.5 in. (253.0 cm)
48.8 in.
(124.0 cm)
135.8 in. (345.0 cm)
Front
37.8 in. (96.0 cm)
Rear
38.5 in. (98.0 cm)
49.0 in.
(124.0 cm)
EXPRESS S6
2- 4
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
EXPRESS S6
REC
OMMENDED M
AX SIDETILT
25% or 14° MAX
REC
OMMENDED
MAX RAMPGRADE
25% or 14° MAX
2- 5
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
EXPRESS S6
TURNING
CLEARANCE
DIAMETER
35 ft 6inches (10.8 m)
2- 6
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
MODEL: EXPRESS L6
TYPE: ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIER
MODEL YEAR: 2012
Part No: 618867
PRODUCT SPECIFICATION
CONFIGURATION HIGHLIGHTS
Precision Drive System™ (PDS): Factory programmable to application
Solid State continuously variable seperately excited speed controller
Eight, 6 Volt Deep Cycle
Full torque, reduced speed reverse
Dash mounted direction selector switch (Forward-Neutral-Reverse)
Inductive throttle sensor
Anti-roll back, walkaway braking and alarm
Diagnostic indicator
Anti-stall motor protection
Factory selectable performance options
Regenerative ’Pedal Down’ and/or ‘Pedal Up’ braking
Battery Charger: Delta Q, 48 VDC. H120/230 VAC 50/60 Hz. Underwriters Laboratories (U.L.) Listed, (C.S.A. Certified)
Motor:
48 volt DC shunt wound, brazed armature, solid copper windings. Non-vented 15.2 hp (11.3 kW) at 1600 rpm (1hour)
Drive Train:
Direct motor shaft connected to transaxle pinion shaft
Electrical System: 48 Volt DC, eight, 6 volt deep cycle storage batteries (107 minute, 225 amp-hour @ 20 hr. discharge rate)
Transaxle:
Differential with helical gears
Brakes:
Dual rear wheel mechanical self-adjusting drum brakes. Automatic single point park brake release
with self-compensating system.
Capacity:
Choice of 6 seats (Std) or 4 seats and optional Wood Stake Sides or Roto-molded Cargo box.
Cargo Bed: Roto-molded cross-linked polyethelene. Removable hinged multi-position tailgate requires no latch mechanism.
Dimensions
Overall Length
138.0 in (351.0 cm)
Overall Width
46.5 in (119.0 cm)
Overall Height (No Canopy) 52.5 in (133.5 cm)
(Top of steering wheel)
Overall Height (With Canopy) 76.0 in (193.0 cm)
95.0 in (241.0 cm)
Wheel Base
37.5 in (95.0 cm)
Front Wheel Track
38.5 in (98.0 cm)
Rear Wheel Track
Gnd Clearance @ Differential 7.0 in (18.0 cm)
Vehicle Power
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Performance
Power Source
48 Volts DC
Motor Type
Shunt Wound
Continuous Horsepower (kW) 2.5 hp (1.9 kW)
Intermittent Horsepower (kW) 18.1 hp (13.5 kW) @ 1900 rpm
Electrical System
48 Volt
Batteries (Qty, Type)
Eight, 6 Volt Deep Cycle
Key or Pedal Start
Pedal Start
Battery Charger
48 VDC Delta Q, 120/230 VAC,
UL & CSA
Speed Controller
400 Amp Precision Drive System (PDS)
Drive Train
Motor Shaft Direct Drive
Differential with helical gears
Transaxle
Dash Mounted Forward-Neutral-Reverse
Gear Selection
14.7:1
Rear Axle Ratio
Some items shown may be optional equipment
Seating (Rear Facing Seat) 6 Person
Seating (Bed/Stake sides) 4 Person
Dry Weight
720.0 lb (325.0 kg) (Without Batteries)
Curb Weight
1210.0 lb (545.0 kg)
Vehicle load capacity
1198.0 lb (540.0 kg)
Outside Clearance Circle 25.5 ft (7.8 m)
Intersecting Aisle Clrnce
6.5 ft (1.98 m)
Speed (Level Ground)
16.0 mph ± 0.5 mph (26.0 kph ± 0.8 kph)
Towing Capacity
N/A
Steering & Suspension
Steering
Front Suspension
Rear Suspension
Service Brake
Parking Brake
Front Tires
Rear Tires
Self-compensating rack and pinion
Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
Rear wheel mechanical self-adjusting drum
Self-compensating, single point engagement
Terra Trac 23 x 10.5 - 12 on Alloy Wheel
Terra Trac 23 x 10.5 - 12 on Alloy Wheel
Frame
Front Body & Finish
Rear Body & Finish
Seat Pod
Standard Color
Welded steel with DuraShield™ powder coat
Injection molded TPO
Injection molded TPO
Fiberglass & Gelcoat
Black
Body & Chassis
Noise & Vibration
Noise
Sound pressure; continued A-weighted equal to or less
than 64 db(A)
Vibration, WBV Highest RMS value of weighted acceleration is less
Vibration, HAV than 2.5 m/s2
Highest RMS value of weighted acceleration is less
than 2.5 m/s2
The uncertainty of measurement is 0.46 m/s2
Measurement methods were applied per the ISO 2631 and ISO 5349 standards
under conditions of typical vehicle surfaces.
Specifications are subject to change without notice
* Field installed accessories may require installation charges
2- 7
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
95.0 in. (241.0 cm)
138.0 in. (351.0 cm)
EXPRESS L6
46.5 in.
(119.0 cm)
2- 8
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
EXPRESS L6
76.0 in.
(193.0 cm)
52.5 in.
(133.5 cm)
Front
37.5 in. (95.0 cm)
REC
OMMENDED M
AX SIDETILT
25% or 14° MAX
Rear
38.5 in. (98.0 cm)
REC
OMMENDED
MAX RAMPGRADE
25% or 14° MAX
2- 9
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
TURNING
CLEARANCE
DIAMETER
25ft 6inches (7.8 m)
EXPRESS L6
6.5 ft.
(1. 98 m)
INTERSECTING
AISLE CLEARANCE
6.5 ft.
(1. 98 m)
2 - 10
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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Notes:
2
2 - 11
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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2
Notes:
2 - 12
INTRODUCTION
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TITLE
PAGE NO.
FEATURES.......................................................................................................................................................................... 3-3
General Information ................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-3
Key Switch / Headlight Switch .................................................................................................................................................................... 3-3
State of Charge Meter ................................................................................................................................................................................ 3-3
Direction Selector ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-3
Accelerator Pedal ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-3
Brake and Park Brake ................................................................................................................................................................................ 3-4
Horn ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-5
Front Seat ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-5
Hip Restraint - Front ................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-5
Hour Meter ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3-5
Grab Handles ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3-5
Weather Enclosure ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-5
Glove Box ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-5
Cup Holder ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3-5
Steering Wheel ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-5
Charger with DC to DC Converter .............................................................................................................................................................. 3-5
Charger Receptacle ................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-5
Battery Compartment ................................................................................................................................................................................. 3-5
Run/Tow Switch ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-6
Ash Tray ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-7
Sun Top and Windshield ............................................................................................................................................................................ 3-7
Convertible Seat ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-7
Handrail - Rear ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-7
Cargo Platform ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-8
3- 1
3
INTRODUCTION
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Notes:
3
3- 2
INTRODUCTION
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FEATURES
General Information
NOTICE
If the vehicle is equipped with factory installed custom accessories, some accessories remain operational with the key switch in
the ‘OFF’ position.
ALL accessories that do NOT use the accessory wiring harness MUST be connected to draw from the entire 48 Volt
battery pack. A DC to DC converter is required for accessories that require voltage other than 48 volts to operate
properly.
Accessories connected to this vehicle that do not use the accessory harness must be connected to the DC to DC
converter.
1. Key Switch / Headlight Switch
To reduce the possibility of component damage, the vehicle must be stopped before moving the key switch or the
direction selector.
Located on the dash panel, the key switch enables the electrical system of the vehicle to be turned on and off by
turning the key and the headlight is operated by turning the key switch beyond ON position. To prevent inadvertent
operation of the vehicle when left unattended, the key should be turned to the ‘OFF’ position and removed.
2. State of Charge Meter
The vehicle is equipped with a state of charge meter located in the dash panel. The state of charge meter indicates the
amount of usable power in the batteries. The state of charge meter shows the condition of the battery pack with F indicating a full charge on the battery pack and E indicating the battery pack needs to be charged.
3. Direction Selector
To prevent loss of control, do not move vehicle direction selector while the vehicle is in motion.
Moving the selector will result in sudden slowing of the vehicle and the beeping of a warning
device.
Located on the dash panel, this switch permits the selection of either ‘F’ (forward), ‘R’ (reverse) or neutral (the position between forward and reverse). Vehicle should be left in neutral when unattended
4. Accelerator Pedal
Unintentional movement of the accelerator pedal will release the park brake and may cause the
vehicle to move which could result in severe injury or death.
With the key switch ‘ON’, depressing the accelerator pedal starts the motor.When the pedal is released, the motor
will stop. To stop the vehicle more quickly, depress the service brake.If key switch is ‘ON’ and park brake is set,
depressing the accelerator inadvertently will release the park brake and will cause the vehicle to move which could
cause severe injury or death.
3- 3
3
INTRODUCTION
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Depressing the accelerator pedal will release the park brake if it is engaged. This is a feature to assure the vehicle is
not driven with the park brake engaged.Depressing the accelerator pedal is not the preferred method of releasing the
park brake.
3
3
2
OFF
ON
10
1
7
8
5
H
6
ORN
Park
Brake Brake 4
PARK
5. Brake and Park Brake
NOTICE
If the vehicle is equipped with factory installed custom accessories, some accessories remain operational with the key switch in
the ‘OFF’ position.
The brake pedal incorporates a park brake feature. To engage the park brake, push down on the upper section of the
pedal until it locks in place. The park brake will release when the service brake pedal is depressed. Use the lower
section of the brake pedal to operate the service brake system.The front disc brakes activate as the brake pedal
reaches the ‘park’ or latch position. Depressing the brake pedal further will increase the effectiveness of the front
brakes.
3- 4
INTRODUCTION
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6. Horn
The horn button is located on the driver’s side floorboard; depressing the button will sound the vehicle’s horn.
7. Front Seat
The front seat is designed for two occupants, one on each side of the seat.
8. Hip Restraint - Front
The front hip restraints are designed to help keep the occupants properly positioned in the event of sudden vehicle
position changes.
9. Hour Meter
The hour meter indicates total hours of operation. If the vehicle is equipped with lights, the key switch has a position to
operate them, indicated by the light icon.
10. Grab Handles
The vehicle is equipped with grab handles for easy access to vehicle.
11. Weather Enclosure
Weather enclosure as an option that the vehicle may be equipped with.
12. Glove Box
An optional lockable glove compartment is located on each side of the instrument panel.
13. Cup Holder
A cup holder is provided for convenience of both the driver and passenger.
14. Steering Wheel
The steering wheel located in front of the driver seat is used to steer the vehicle. The steering wheel is also installed
with scorecard holder assembly.
15. Charger with DC to DC Converter
Charger is used to charge battery while vehicle is parked and the DC to DC converter is used to power accessories.
16. Charger Receptacle
The charging cord is to be connected to this receptacle while the vehicle is being charged.
17. Battery Compartment
The battery compartment can be accessed by raising the front seat to perform battery maintenance and access the
Run/Tow switch.
3- 5
3
INTRODUCTION
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12
17
18
H
ORN
3
22
13
14
24
23
19
15
16
18. Run/Tow Switch
The Run/Tow switch is used when the vehicle has become stalled or inoperative.
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death resulting from loss of vehicle control, consider
the grade of the terrain the vehicle is on and set vehicle’s park brake accordingly before switching the Run - Tow/Maintenance switch to the ‘Tow/Maintenance’ position. When in the ‘Tow/
Maintenance’ position, the Anti-Roll Back and Walk-Away safety features of the system no longer function.
Before attempting to tow vehicle, move the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch to the ‘Tow/Maintenance’ position. Failure
to do so will damage the controller or motor.
Before disconnecting or connecting a battery, or any other wiring, move the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch to the
‘Tow/Maintenance’ position.
After connecting a battery, or any other wiring, wait a minimum of 30 seconds before moving the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch to the ‘Run’ position.
3- 6
INTRODUCTION
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NOTICE
The Run/Tow switch should always be returned to the ’TOW’ position after moving a stalled vehicle. If the switch is left in the
’RUN’ position for an extended period of time, it will drain the batteries.
The Run/Tow switch is located under the seat on the passenger side of the vehicle.
With the switch in ‘TOW/MAINTENANCE’ position:
•
•
•
3
the controller is deactivated
the electronic braking system is deactivated which allows the vehicle to be towed or roll freely
the warning beeper is deactivated
With the switch in ‘RUN’ position:
•
the controller is activated
the electronic braking system and warning beeper features are activated.
19. Ash Tray
The vehicle is equipped with ash tray as an option.
22. Sun Top and Windshield
The sun top does not provide protection from roll over or falling objects. The windshield does not
provide protection from tree limbs or flying objects.
The sun top and windshield provide some protection from the elements; however, they will not keep the operator and
passenger dry in a downpour. This vehicle is not equipped with seat belts and the sun top has not been designed to
provide roll over protection. In addition, the sun top does not protect against falling objects nor does the windshield
protect against flying objects and tree limbs. Keep arms and legs inside of vehicle while it is moving.
23. Convertible Seat
To prevent severe injury or death, rear seat passengers should hold on to both the hip restraints
and the rear hand hold when the vehicle is in motion. Always be sure that all passengers are
seated and holding on before operating vehicle.
Be sure that all passengers are seated and holding onto both the hip restraint and the rear hand hold (rear facing
passengers) before operating vehicle.
24. Handrail - Rear
The rear handrails are designed to help keep the occupants properly positioned in the event of sudden vehicle position
changes. Be sure that all passengers are seated and holding onto both the handrail and the rear hand hold (rear facing
passengers) before operating the vehicle.
3- 7
INTRODUCTION
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25. Cargo Platform
3
Passengers should never be allowed to ride on the cargo platform. Severe injury or death could
result if they should fall out or the vehicle is involved in an accident or sudden maneuver.
To prevent damage to rear seat, be sure to move any obstructing accessories mounted to rear handrail when foldingseat up or down.
The cargo platform is accessed by folding the rear seat down. Be careful
when loading the vehicle. Tie down loads to prevent shifting. Do not overload
vehicle. The cargo platform is limited to a maximum load of 550 lbs. (1200
kg). The load must be positioned on the platform as far forward as possible,
its center of gravity must not be higher than 4" (10 cm) above the platform,
and securely fastened down. Failure to follow these instructions could cause
personal injury, damage to the vehicle and/or cause the vehicle to tip over.
Be aware that increased loads may effect driving characteristics.
Front of Vehicle
REAR SEAT FOLDED UP
Rear
Handhold
Cargo
Platform
Rear
Storage
Comparment
REAR SEAT FOLDED DOWN
3- 8
INTRODUCTION
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Notes:
3
3- 9
INTRODUCTION
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Notes:
3
3 - 10
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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TITLE
PAGE NO.
SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION ............................................................................................................................................ 4-2
BEFORE INITIAL USE ........................................................................................................................................................ 4-2
PORATABLE CHARGER INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................................... 4-3
On-board Charger ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-4
OPERATING THE VEHICLE ............................................................................................................................................... 4-5
PERFORMANCE ................................................................................................................................................................. 4-5
Speed Control ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4-6
Pedal-Up Feature........................................................................................................................................................................................ 4-6
Walk-Away Feature..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-6
Anti-Roll Back Feature ................................................................................................................................................................................ 4-7
Anti-Stall Feature ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 4-7
High Pedal Disable Feature ........................................................................................................................................................................ 4-7
Diagnostic Mode Feature ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4-7
STARTING AND DRIVING .................................................................................................................................................. 4-7
Starting Vehicle on a Hill ............................................................................................................................................................................. 4-8
Coasting ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-8
Labels and Pictograms................................................................................................................................................................................ 4-8
Sun Top And Windshield............................................................................................................................................................................. 4-8
4- 1
4
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION
Two serial number and manufacture date code plates are on the vehicle. One (PART C) is placed on the body below
the front, driver side of the seat, PART D is placed on the frame weld tube. The other (PART A and PART B) is
located on the crossmember section of the chassis on the driver side (seat back support). To access it, raise the seat
and lift up the flap on the access panel.
Design changes take place on an ongoing basis. In order to obtain correct components for the vehicle, the manufacture date code, serial number and vehicle model mustacture date code, serial number and vehicle model must be
provided when ordering service parts.
4 BEFORE INITIAL USE
Read, understand and follow the safety label on the instrument panel. Be sure you understand how to operate the
vehicle, its equipment as well as how to use it safely. Maintaining good performance depends to a large extent on the
operator.
Improper use of this vehicle could result in severe injury or death. The series of vehicles are light
duty utility vehicles. They are NOT All Terrain Vehicles (ATV’s).
This vehicle is not a toy and using it while engaging in horseplay is dangerous.
Plan carefully before using the vehicle to go significant distances over questionable terrain.
Remember that a one hour drive may take many hours to walk out should you run out of battery
power or be stranded by becoming stuck on unsuitable terrain.
Hydrogen gas is generated as a natural part of the lead acid battery charging process. A 4%
concentration of hydrogen gas is explosive and could cause severe injury or death. Charging
must take place in an area that is adequately ventilated (minimum of 5 air exchanges per hour).
To reduce the chance of battery explosion that could result in severe injury or death, never
smoke around or charge batteries in an area that has open flame or electrical equipment that
could cause an electrical arc.
Hydrogen gas is generated in the charging cycle of batteries and is explosive in concentrations as low as 4%.
Because hydrogen gas is lighter than air, it will collect in the ceiling of buildings necessitating proper ventilation. Five
air exchanges per hour is considered the minimum requirement.
Never charge a vehicle in an area that is subject to flame or spark. Pay particular attention to natural gas or propane
gas water heaters and furnaces.
Before a new vehicle is put into operation, the items shown
in the INITIAL SERVICE CHART must be performed.
The vehicle batteries must be fully charged before initial use.
Check for leaks that could have developed in shipment from
the factory.
Check for correct tire inflation. See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS.
Determine and record the braking distance required to stop
the vehicle for future brake performance tests.
Remove the protective clear plastic from the seat bottom
and back rest before placing the vehicle in service
4- 2
ITEM
SERVICE OPERATION
Batteries
Charge batteries
Seats
Remove protective plastic covering
Brakes
Check operation
Establish acceptable stopping distance
Tires
Check air pressure (see SPECIFICATIONS)
Portable
Charger
Remove from vehicle and properly mount
Initial Service Chart
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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PORTABLE CHARGER INSTALLATION
To reduce the possibility of overheating that may cause serious damage to the charger
and create the potential for fire, do not block or obstruct the airways. Portable chargers
must be mounted on a platform above the ground or in such a manner as to permit the
maximum air flow underneath and around the charger.
Provide Protection From Elements
Do Not Block Louvered Airways
NEMA 15 - 5R Grounded AC Receptacle
110 - 120 VAC. Dedicated 15 AMP Circuit
Locations outside the US and Canada: Reference
appropriate local electrical code and charger manufacturer recommendations for AC power requirements
Proper Charger Installation
Portable chargers are shipped with the vehicle. Prior to vehicle or charger operation, chargers must be removed and
mounted on a platform or wall above the ground to permit maximum air flow around and underneath the charger. If
the charger is operated in an outdoor location, rain and sun protection must be provided. A dedicated circuit is
required for the charger. Refer to the charger manual for appropriate circuit protection. The charger may remain
plugged in to the AC outlet. To charge the vehicle, refer to the instruction labels on the charger. Insert the polarized
DC plug completely into the vehicle receptacle
Front of
Vehicle
Charger
Receptacle
Charger Receptacle Location
The charger will automatically start a few seconds after plug insertion. The charger will automatically stop when
batteries are fully charged and the DC plug can be removed to permit use of the vehicle.
4- 3
4
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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NOTICE
Looping the DC cord through the steering wheel when charging serves as a good reminder to store the cord out of the way when
finished with charging. The DC plug can be damaged by driving over or catching the cord on the vehicle when driving away.
To reduce the possibility of a physical hazard that could result in an electrical shock or electrocution, be sure that the charger plug is not damaged and is inserted into a grounded receptacle.
4 The power (AC) cord is equipped with a grounded plug, do not attempt to pull out, cut or bend
the ground post.
The charging (DC) cord is equipped with a polarized connector which fits into a matching receptacle on the vehicle.
On-board Charger
The on-board charger is located at the rear of the vehicle and is mounted between the frame rails. An optional
retractable AC cord reel is also available. The charger is wired directly to the batteries, only requiring it be plugged into
a dedicated 15 amp AC outlet to be operational. When charging cycle is complete, replace cord around charger handle
in area provided or in the retractable cord reel (if equipped).
NOTICE
If vehicle is to be charged with a non E-Z-GO charger, refer to the instructions supplied with the charger.
Retractable
AC Cord Reel
Battery Charger
Frame Rail
Front of Vehicle
On-board charger
NOTICE
Looping the DC cord through the steering wheel when charging serves as a good reminder to store the cord out of the way when
finished with charging. The DC plug can be damaged by driving over or catching the cord on the vehicle when driving away.
An ungrounded electrical device may become a physical hazard that could result in an electrical
shock or electrocution.
4- 4
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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OPERATING THE VEHICLE
Improper use of the vehicle or the lack of proper maintenance may result in damage or decreased performance.
Read the following warnings before attempting to operate the vehicle.
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death resulting from loss of vehicle control, the following warnings must be observed:
When driving vehicle, consider the terrain, traffic conditions and the environmental factors which
effect the terrain and the ability to control the vehicle.
Use extra care and reduced speed when driving on poor surfaces, such as loose dirt, wet grass,
gravel, etc.
Stay in designated areas and avoid extremely rough terrain.
Maintain a safe speed when driving down hill. Use service brake to control speed when traveling
down an incline. A sudden stop or change of direction may result in loss of control.
To prevent loss of control, do not move the direction selector of a vehicle while the vehicle is in
motion. Moving the selector will result in a sudden slowing of the vehicle and the beeping of a
warning device.
Slow down before and during turns. All turns should be made at reduced speed.
Never drive vehicle up, down, or across an incline that exceeds 14° (25% grade).
Refer to GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for seating capacity.
Depressing accelerator pedal will release foot operated park brake and may cause inadvertent
vehicle movement. Turn the key to the ‘OFF’ position whenever the vehicle is parked.
To prevent inadvertent movement when the vehicle is to be left unattended, engage the park
brake, move direction selector to forward position, turn key to ‘OFF’ position and remove key.
Make sure that the direction selector is in correct position before attempting to start the vehicle.
Always bring the vehicle to a complete stop before shifting the direction selector.
Do not take vehicle out of ‘gear’ while in motion (coast).
Check the area behind the vehicle before operating in reverse.
All occupants must be seated. Keep entire body inside vehicle and hold on while vehicle is in
motion.
PERFORMANCE
NOTICE
PDS vehicles operate only when the Run - Tow/Maintenance/Storage switch is in the ‘RUN’ position.
4- 5
4
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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The options are defined as follows:
Performance
Top Speed
Pedal-Up
Speed Control
No Plug
18 mph
(29 kph)
Mild
Performance Characteristics
4
The vehicle’s top speed is sensed and regulated directly by the controller and the feature to slow the vehicle when the
accelerator pedal is up is mild.
Speed Control
To prevent the possibility of loss of control that could cause severe injury or death, use service
brake to control speed. The PDS system is not a substitute for the service brake.
PDS models are equipped with a motor control system. Example: If all of the following events occur...
a) the vehicle is being driven down a slope.
b) the vehicle speed exceeds the designed speed with the accelerator pedal depressed or released.
The motor control system will limit the speed of the vehicle to the specified top speed (the warning beeper will not
sound). When the system is activated by this sequence of events, the motor generates power which is returned to the
batteries.
If the operator attempts to override the electronic braking feature by moving the direction selector or key switch to
another position, the warning beeper will sound and the vehicle will brake rapidly until it reaches the speed of
approximately 2 mph (3 kph).
Pedal-Up Feature
The pedal-up feature slows the vehicle when the accelerator pedal is released while the vehicle is moving between
10 mph (16 kph) and the vehicle’s top speed.
Example: If all of the following events occur...
a) the vehicle is being driven down a slope
b) the accelerator pedal is released for more than one second
The pedal-up feature will slow the vehicle (the warning beeper will not sound) until either the vehicle speed is reduced
to 10 mph (16 kph), at which it freely coasts between 10 and 4 mph (9 kph), or the accelerator pedal is applied. When
pedal-up feature is activated by this sequence of events, the motor generates power which is returned to the batteries.
Walk-Away Feature
Walk-Away limits vehicle movement without driver input, slowing the vehicle to 2 mph (3 kph) and sounding an
audible alarm (reverse beeper).
Example: If all of the following events occur...
a) the vehicle has been stopped for more than 1.5 seconds
b) the accelerator pedal has been released for more than one second
c) the vehicle begins to roll above 2 mph (3 kph)
The walk-away feature will limit speed to approximately 2 mph (3 kph) and the warning beeper will sound. When the
accelerator pedal is depressed, the walk-away feature and warning beeper will be overridden and normal vehicle
operation resumes. Any unusual situation sensed by the PDS system will cause a similar response. The system
functions in all key switch positions.
4- 6
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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Anti-Roll Back Feature
Anti-Roll Back, like Walk-Away, limits backward motion of the vehicle down an incline to less than 2 mph (3 kph). See
‘Walk-Away Feature’ above.
Anti-Stall Feature
Anti-Stall protection prevents motor damage from stalling the vehicle against an object or on a hill.
Example: If all of the following events occur...
a) the system senses that the accelerator pedal is depressed (power applied to motor)
b) the motor is stalled long enough that any more time may cause motor damage
The PDS system will momentarily interrupt power to the motor. This brief interruption will permit the vehicle to roll
backwards slightly before again stopping in the stalled condition. This process will repeat itself periodically until the
vehicles is moved from the stalled condition.
Example: If all of the following events occur...
a) the system senses that the accelerator pedal is depressed (power applied to motor)
b) the brake is engaged so as to prevent vehicle motion
The PDS system will sense a stalled motor condition and remove power from the motor. When the brake pedal is
released, the vehicle will roll backwards slightly before power is returned to the motor.
High Pedal Disable Feature
High pedal disable prevents undesired acceleration if the direction selector lever is changed, or the key is turned on
while the accelerator is depressed.
Diagnostic Mode Feature
Diagnostic mode eases troubleshooting.
In the unlikely event of certain electrical system failures, the PDS controller will default to a mode that will permit the
vehicle to operate, but at a very reduced speed.
This feature allows the vehicle to be driven back to its storage facility where the problem can be diagnosed.
The controller can be put in diagnostic mode by the technician and the controller will report the failure mode.
STARTING AND DRIVING
To reduce the possibility of roll - back which could result in severe injury or vehicle damage, do
not release the service brake until motor has started.
Remove charger plug from vehicle receptacle (AC plug if equipped with an on-board charger) and properly store cable
prior to moving vehicle.
To operate the vehicle:
•
•
•
•
•
Apply the service brake, place the key in the key switch and turn it to the ‘ON’/’N’ position.
Move the direction selector to the direction desired.
Release the park brake by depressing the service brake pedal until the park brake releases.
Slowly depress the accelerator pedal to start the motor.
When the accelerator pedal is released, the motor controls the deceleration. To stop the vehicle more quickly,
depress the service brake pedal.
4- 7
4
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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NOTICE
When the direction selector is in the reverse position, a warning signal will sound to indicate that the vehicle is ready to run in
reverse.
Starting Vehicle On A Hill
To reduce the possibility of roll-back which could result in severe injury or vehicle damage, do
4 not release the service brake until motor has started
.
Do not hold vehicle on hill by using accelerator and motor. Leaving motor in a stalled condition for more than 3 - 4
seconds will cause permanent damage to motor.
To reduce the possibility of permanent damage to the drive system, it is important to prevent excessive roll-back
when starting the vehicle on a hill.
Place left foot on service brake and release the park brake. Depress accelerator with right foot and release the service brake by lifting the left foot.
Coasting
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death from coasting at above recommended speeds,
limit speed with service brake.
Uncontrolled coasting does not occur because the controller limits the top speed of the vehicle while moving down hill.
However, this is not a substitute for the service brake which should be used to control the speed of the vehicle.
NOTICE
This model is equipped with a feature (pedal-up braking) that slows the vehicle’s speed when the accelerator pedal is released
until the vehicle stops.
Labels and Pictograms
Vehicles may be labeled with pictograms as a method of conveying information or warnings. The SAFETY Section of
this manual explains the labels that are used on this vehicle.
Sun Top And Windshield
The sun top does not provide protection from roll-over or falling objects.
The windshield does not provide protection from tree limbs or flying objects.
The sun top and windshield provide some protection from the elements; however, they will not keep the operator and
passenger dry in a downpour. This vehicle is not equipped with seat belts and the sun top has not been designed to
provide roll-over protection. In addition, the sun top does not protect against falling objects nor does the windshield
protect against flying objects and tree limbs. Keep arms and legs inside of the vehicle while it is moving.
4- 8
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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Notes:
4
4- 9
OPERATING PROCEDURES
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Notes:
4
4 - 10
MAINTENANCE
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TITLE
PAGE NO.
VEHICLE CLEANING AND CARE ...................................................................................................................................... 5-3
Vehicle Cleaning ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-3
COMMON SENSE OPERATION ......................................................................................................................................... 5-4
ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS......................................................................................................................................... 5-4
REPAIR ............................................................................................................................................................................... 5-5
Lifting the Vehicle........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-5
WHEELS AND TIRES.......................................................................................................................................................... 5-6
Tire Repair .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5-6
Wheel Installation........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-7
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT ........................................................................................................................................... 5-7
FUSE REPLACEMENT ....................................................................................................................................................... 5-8
TRANSPORTING VEHICLE ................................................................................................................................................ 5-8
Towing......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-8
Hauling ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-8
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE ......................................................................................................................................... 5-8
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE.................................................................................................................................................. 5-9
Tire Inspection............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5-9
Brakes ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-9
PERIODIC BRAKE TEST FOR MECHANICAL BRAKES ................................................................................................. 5-10
REAR AXLE ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5-10
Checking the Lubricant Level.................................................................................................................................................................... 5-10
LUBRICATION .................................................................................................................................................................. 5-11
HARDWARE...................................................................................................................................................................... 5-11
SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................................................................ 5-12
CAPACITIES AND REPLACEMANT PARTS.................................................................................................................... 5-12
PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE..................................................................................................................................... 5-13
BATTERY CHARGING AND MAINTENANCE .................................................................................................................. 5-14
Safety ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-14
Battery....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-15
Battery Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................................................. 5-15
At Each Charging Cycle ............................................................................................................................................................................ 5-15
Monthly...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-15
Electrolyte Level and Water ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5-15
Battery Cleaning........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-18
5- 1
5
MAINTENANCE
Battery Replacement ................................................................................................................................................................................. 5-18
Battery Charging........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-19
AC Voltage ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-19
Troubleshooting......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-19
HYDROMETER ..................................................................................................................................................................5-20
Using Hydrometer...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-21
PROLONGED STORAGE ..................................................................................................................................................5-22
5
5- 2
MAINTENANCE
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VEHICLE CLEANING AND CARE
Vehicle Cleaning
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or vehicle damage, read and understand all instructions
supplied by manufacturer of pressure washer.
When pressure washing exterior of vehicle, do not use pressure in excess of 700 psi. To reduce the possibility of
cosmetic damage, do not use any abrasive or reactive solvents to clean plastic parts.
It is important that proper techniques and cleaning materials be used. Using excessive water pressure may cause
severe injury to operator or bystander, damage to seals, plastics, seat material, body finish or electrical system. Do
not use pressure in excess of 700 psi to wash exterior of vehicle.
Clean windshield with lots of water and a clean cloth. Minor scratches may be removed using a commercial plastic
polish or Plexus® plastic cleaner available from the service parts department.
Normal cleaning of vinyl seats and plastic or rubber trim requires the use of a mild soap solution applied with a
sponge or soft brush and wipe with a damp cloth.
Removal of oil, tar, asphalt, shoe polish, etc. will require the use of a commercially available vinyl/rubber cleaner.
The painted surfaces of the vehicle provide attractive appearance and durable protection. Frequent washing with
lukewarm or cold water and mild detergent is required to preserve the painted surfaces.
Occasional cleaning and waxing with non-abrasive products designed for ‘clear coat’ automotive finishes will
enhance the appearance and durability of the painted surfaces.
Corrosive materials used as fertilizers or for dust control can collect on the underbody of the vehicle. These materials will cause corrosion of underbody parts unless flushed occasionally with plain water. Thoroughly clean any areas
where mud or other debris can collect. Sediment packed in closed areas should be loosened to ease it’s removal,
taking care not to chip or otherwise damage paint.
5- 3
5
MAINTENANCE
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COMMON SENSE OPERATION
To prevent severe injury or death, observe the following:
Never transport loaded firearms on or in vehicle
Check that firearms are unloaded with the safety engaged and are properly secured with muzzle
pointing in a safe direction before operating vehicle.
Be aware of other firearms in proximity to operator and passengers.
This vehicle is not a toy. If not operated properly and responsibly, it can cause severe injury or death to the opera-
5 tor, passengers or bystanders. All operators should possess a valid driver’s license. Children should not be permitted
to operate the vehicle. Children may not have the skill, judgement or strength to operate this or similar vehicles.
Alcohol, drugs and many over the counter medications reduce the ability of the driver to operate the vehicle safely.
Always review side effects of any medication with a doctor or pharmacist before operating vehicle.
Protective clothing and an approved motorcycle helmet are recommended for operator and passengers when operating vehicle in rough or densely wooded terrain.
When driving at full speed on a dirt road, loose surfaces or wet grass, vehicle stopping distance will increase. If the
vehicle is fully loaded, it will take longer to stop than with no load. When operating vehicle in wet weather conditions,
remember that the brakes may need to be lightly applied in order to provide enough friction to dry the brake unit. If
wet, the brakes will lose much of their effect.
Slow down when in unfamiliar terrain. Slow down when cresting a hill in an area that you are unfamiliar with.
Some hills are too steep to climb. If you attempt to climb a hill that is too steep or if you are unable to achieve adequate traction, do not attempt to turn around on the hill. Slowly back straight down the hill using the service
brake to control speed.
ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
As a responsible user, practice respect for all wildlife and their habitat. Respect private property
and comply with all local laws and regulations governing the use of light duty utility vehicles. To
prevent severe injury or death while driving, be aware of the following:
Environmental hazards such as steep slopes, overhanging limbs, etc.
Danger of fire when vehicle is operated over dry combustible organic material.
When driving, be aware of environmental hazards such as steep slopes, overhanging limbs, etc. Be aware of the
danger of fire when the gasoline powered vehicle is operated over dry combustible organic material.
5- 4
MAINTENANCE
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REPAIR
Some servicing operations may require the front wheels, the rear wheels, or the entire vehicle to be raised.
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death from a vehicle falling from a jack:
Be sure the vehicle is on a firm and level surface.
Never get under a vehicle while it is supported by a jack.
Use jack stands and test the stability of the vehicle on the stands.
Always place chocks in front and behind the wheels not being raised.
Use extreme care since the vehicle is extremely unstable during the lifting process.
5
When lifting the vehicle, position the jacks and jack stands at the areas indicated only.
Lifting The Vehicle
Tool List
Qty.
Floor jack .................................................................... 1
Wheel Chocks ............................................................. 4
Tool List
Qty.
Jack stands ............................................................. 4
Remove payload from vehicle before lifting. No person(s) should be in or on the vehicle while
lifting.
To raise the entire vehicle, install chocks in front and behind each front wheel. Center the jack
under the rear frame crossmember. Raise the vehicle enough to place a jack stand under the
outer ends of the rear axle.
Lower the jack and test the stability of the vehicle on the two jack stands.
Place the jack at the center of the front axle. Raise the vehicle enough to place jack stands
under the frame crossmember as indicated.
Lower the jack and test the stability of the vehicle on all four jack stands.
If only the front or rear of the vehicle is to be raised, place the chocks in front and behind each wheel not being
raised to stabilize the vehicle.
Lower the vehicle by reversing the lifting sequence.
Lifting The Vehicle
Flat Portion
of Frame
Center of
Front Axle
Outside End
of Rear Axle
View from Underside of Vehicle
5- 5
MAINTENANCE
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WHEELS AND TIRES
A tire explosion can cause severe injury or death. Never exceed the inflation pressure rating on
the tire sidewall.
To reduce the possibility of tire explosion, pressurize tire with small amounts of air applied intermittently to seat beads. Due to the low volume of the small tires, overinflation can occur in seconds. Never exceed the tire manufacturer’s recommendation when seating a bead. Protect face
and eyes from escaping air when removing a valve core.
5
To reduce the possibility of severe injury caused by a broken socket when removing wheels, use
only sockets designed for impact wrench use.
DO NOT use low inflation tires on any E-Z-GO vehicle. DO NOT use any tire which has a recommended inflation pressure less than the inflation pressure recommended in the owner’s guide.
Use caution when inflating tires. Overinflation could cause the tire to separate from the wheel or
cause the tire to explode, either of which could cause severe injury.
Tire Repair
Tool List
Qty.
Lug wrench,11/16" .......................................................1
Impact wrench, 1/2" drive ............................................1
Tool List
Qty.
Impact socket, 11/16", 1/2" drive" ........................... 1
Torque wrench, 1/2" drive ....................................... 1
Use caution when inflating tires. Due to the low volume of the small tires, overinflation can occur in seconds. Overinflation could cause the tire to separate from the wheel or cause the tire to explode.
Tire inflation should be determined by the condition of the terrain. See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS section for recommended tire inflation pressure. For outdoor applications with major use on grassy areas, the following should be
considered. On hard turf, it is desirable to have a slightly higher inflation pressure. On very soft turf, a lower pressure reduces the possibility of tires cutting into the turf. For vehicles being used on paved or hard surfaces, tire inflation pressure should be in the higher allowable range, but under no condition should inflation pressure be higher than
recommended on tire sidewall. All four tires should have the same pressure for optimum handling characteristics.
Be sure to install the valve stem dust cap after checking or inflating.
The vehicle is fitted with low pressure tubeless tires mounted on one piece rims; therefore, the most cost effective
way to repair a puncture in the tread is to use a commercial tire plug.
NOTICE
Tire plug tools and plugs are available at most automotive parts outlets and have the advantage of not requiring the tire
be removed from the wheel.
If the tire is flat, remove the wheel and inflate the tire to the maximum recommended pressure for the tire. Immerse
the tire in water to locate the leak and mark with chalk. Insert tire plug in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.
To reduce the possibility of severe injury, be sure the mounting/demounting machine is anchored
to floor. Wear OSHA approved safety equipment when mounting/demounting tires.
If the tire is to be removed or mounted, the tire changing machine manufacturer’s recommendations must be followed in order to reduce possibility of severe injury.
5- 6
MAINTENANCE
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Wheel Installation
To reduce the possibility of component damage, do not tighten lug nuts to
more than 85 ft. lbs. (115 Nm) torque.
Valve Stem Cap
NOTICE
It is important to follow the ‘cross sequence’ pattern when installing lug nuts. This
will assure even seating of the wheel against the hub.
With the valve stem to the outside, mount the wheel onto the hub with lug
nuts. Finger tighten the lug nuts (1) in a ‘cross sequence’ pattern. Tighten
the lug nuts to 50 to 85 ft. lbs. (68 to 115 Nm) torque in 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm)
increments following the ‘cross sequence’ pattern.
5
Tire style may vary
Cross Sequence
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT
Inside
of Cowl
Headlight
Casing
To reduce the possibility of premature bulb failure, do not
touch new bulbs with bare fingers. Use clean, dry tissue
or paper towel to handle the glass portion of the bulb.
Screw
Headlight
Bulb
For vehicles equipped with lights mounted in the cowl,
locate bulb socket on backside of light and turn bulb
socket a quarter turn counterclockwise to unlock and pull
out bulb and socket. Insert new bulb and rotate socket a
quarter turn clockwise to secure.
Similarly replace the turn signal light bulb, locate bulb
socket on backside of light bar and turn bulb socket a quarter turn counterclockwise to unlock and pull out bulb and
socket. Insert new bulb and rotate socket a quarter turn clockwise to secure.
To replace the tail and brake light bulb, remove hardware securing lens and
Rear
remove lens. Install replacement bulb..
Rear
Fender
Fender
Tail Light
Tail Light
Lens
Lens
Tail Light
Tail
Light
Bulb
Bulb
5- 7
MAINTENANCE
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FUSE REPLACEMENT
To replace fuses, locate the fuse block under the driver side seat. Pull out old fuse and replace with a new automotive type fuse. Headlight and taillight bulbs and fuses are available from a local Distributor, an authorized Branch or
the Service Parts Department.
TRANSPORTING VEHICLE
Towing
5 This vehicle is not designed to be towed.
It is recommended that the vehicle be moved by placing the entire vehicle on a trailer, flatbed truck or other suitable
transport.
Hauling
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death while transporting the vehicle:
Secure the vehicle and contents.
Never ride on the vehicle being transported.
Always remove the windshield before transporting.
Maximum speed with sun top installed is 50 mph (80 kph).
If the vehicle is to be transported at highway speeds, the sun top must be removed and the seat bottom secured.
When transporting vehicle below highway speeds, check for tightness of hardware and cracks in sun top at mounting
points. Always remove windshield when transporting. Always check that the vehicle and contents are adequately
secured before transporting. The rated capacity of the trailer or truck must exceed the weight of the vehicle (see
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for vehicle weight) and load plus 1200 lbs. (544 kg). Secure the vehicle using ratchet
tie downs.
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death from improper servicing techniques:
DO NOT attempt any type of servicing operations before reading all notes, cautions and warnings in this manual.
Any servicing requiring adjustments to be made to the powertrain while the motor is running
must be made with both drive wheels raised and vehicle properly supported on jack stands.
To reduce the possibility of motor damage, never operate vehicle at full throttle for more than
4 - 5 seconds while vehicle is in a ‘no load’ condition.
Reduce the possibility of accidental starting by disconnecting battery at negative terminal
before servicing.
5- 8
MAINTENANCE
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Wear eye protection when working on the vehicle. Use extra care when working around batteries, or using solvents or compressed air.
To reduce the possibility of causing an electrical arc, which could result in a
battery explosion, turn off all electrical loads from the battery before removing
battery wires.
Wrap wrenches with vinyl tape to reduce the possibility of a dropped wrench
‘shorting out’ a battery, which could result in an explosion.
The electrolyte in a battery is an acid solution which can cause severe burns to
the skin and eyes. Treat all electrolyte spills to the body and eyes with extended
flushing with clear water. Contact a physician immediately.
Any electrolyte spills should be neutralized with a solution of 2 teaspoons (10 ml) sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) dissolved in 1 quart (1 liters) of water and flushed with water.
Aerosol containers of battery terminal protectant must be used with extreme care. Insulate metal
container to reduce the possibility of can contacting battery terminals which could result in an
explosion.
It is in the best interest of both vehicle owner and service technician to carefully follow the procedures recommended
in this manual. Preventative maintenance, applied at recommended intervals, is the best guarantee for keeping the
vehicle both dependable and economical.
This vehicle will give years of satisfactory service, providing it receives regular maintenance. Refer to the Periodic
Service Schedule for appropriate service intervals.
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
To prolong vehicle life, some maintenance items must be serviced more frequently on vehicles used under severe
driving conditions such as extreme temperatures, extreme dust/debris conditions, or frequent use with maximum
load.
To access the powertrain for routine maintenance, lift or remove the seat and remove the rear access panel. For
major repair, refer to the appropriate Technician’s Repair and Service Manual.
Some service procedures may require the vehicle to be lifted. Refer to LIFTING THE VEHICLE for proper lifting procedure and safety information.
Tire Inspection
Tire condition should be inspected per the Periodic Service Schedule. Inflation pressures should be checked when
the tires are cool. Be sure to install the valve dust cap after checking or inflating.
Brakes
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death, always evaluate pedal travel before operating
a vehicle to verify some braking function is present.
All driving brake tests must be done in a safe location with regard for the safety of all personnel.
5- 9
5
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
NOTICE
Over time, a subtle loss of performance may take place; therefore, it is important to establish the standard with a new vehicle.
The Periodic Brake Performance Test should be performed regularly as an evaluation of braking system performance. It is useful as a method of identifying subtle loss of performance over time.
PERIODIC BRAKE TEST FOR MECHANICAL BRAKES
The purpose of this test is to compare the braking performance of the vehicle to the braking performance of new or
‘known to be good’ vehicles or to an established acceptable stopping distance. Actual stopping distances will be
influenced by weather conditions, terrain, road surface condition, actual vehicle weight (accessories installed) and
vehicle speed. No specific braking distance can be reliably specified. The test is conducted by latching the park
brake to eliminate different pedal pressures and to include the affects of linkage mis-adjustment.
5 Establish the acceptable stopping distance by testing a new or
‘known to be good’ vehicle and recording the stopping location
or stopping distance. Several vehicles should be tested when
new and the range of stopping locations or distances recorded.
Drive the vehicle at maximum speed on a flat, dry, clean, paved
surface. Quickly depress the brake pedal to latch the parking
brake at the line or marker in the test area and remove foot from
pedal. The vehicle should stop aggressively. The wheel brakes
may or may not lock. Observe the vehicle stopping location or
measure the vehicle stopping distance from the point at which
the brakes were latched. The vehicle should stop within the
‘normal’ range of stopping distances. If the vehicle stops more
than 4 ft. (1.2 m) beyond the acceptable stopping distance or
pulls to one side, the vehicle has failed the test and should be
tested again.
If the vehicle fails the second test, it should immediately be
removed from service. The vehicle must be inspected by a
qualified mechanic who should refer to the TROUBLE SHOOTING section in the Technician’s Repair and Service Manual.
Dry, Level, Clean, Paved Surface
Accelerate To
Maximum Speed
Latch
Parking Brake
and Take Foot
Off Pedal
Line or Marker
Line or Marker
Acceptable
Stopping 4 ft. (1.2 m)
Distance
Normal Range of
Stopping Distance
Any vehicles that stop
more than 4 ft. (1.2 m)
beyond the Acceptable
Stopping Distance or
pulls to one side should
be removed from service
and inspected by a
qualified mechanic
Typical Brake Performanace Test
REAR AXLE
The only maintenance required for the first five years is the periodic inspection
of the rear axle for lubricant leakage. Unless leakage is evident, the lubricant
need only be replaced after five years. Refer to the Service and Repair Manual
for the fluid replacement procedure.
Checking The Lubricant Level
Clean the area around the check/fill plug and remove plug. The correct lubricant
level is just below the bottom of the threaded hole. If lubricant is low, add lubricant as required. Add lubricant slowly until lubricant starts to seep from the hole.
Install the check/fill plug. In the event that the lubricant is to be replaced, the oil
pan must be removed or the oil siphoned through the check/fill hole.
5 - 10
Check/Fill Plug
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
LUBRICATION
Do not use more than three (3) pumps of grease in any grease fitting at any one time. Excess grease may cause
grease seals to fail or grease migration into areas that could damage components.
Lubrication Points
5
Rack
Ball
Joint
View from Underside of Vehicle
Putting more than three pumps of grease in a grease fitting could damage grease seals and cause premature bearing failure.
Hardware
ALL TORQUE FIGURES ARE IN FT. LBS. (Nm)
Unless otherwise noted in text, tighten all hardware in accordance with this chart.
This chart specifies 'lubricated' torque figures. Fasteners that are plated or lubricated when
installed are considered 'wet' and require approximately 80% of the torque required for 'dry' fasteners.
BOLT SIZE
1/4"
5/16"
3/8"
7/16"
1/2"
9/16"
5/8"
3/4"
7/8"
1"
Grade 2
4
(5)
8
(11)
15
(20)
24
(33)
35
(47)
55
(75)
75
(102)
130
(176)
125
(169)
190
(258)
Grade 5
6
(8)
13
(18)
23
(31)
35
(47)
55
(75)
80
(108)
110
(149)
200
(271)
320
(434)
480
(651)
Grade 8
6
(8)
18
(24)
35
(47)
55
(75)
80
(108)
110
(149)
170
(230)
280
(380)
460
(624)
680
(922)
BOLT SIZE
M4
M5
M6
M8
M10
M12
M14
Class 5.8
(Grade 2)
5.8
1
(2)
2
(3)
4
(6)
10
(14)
20
(27)
35
(47)
55
(76.4)
Class 8.8
(Grade 5)
8.8
2
(3)
4
(6)
7
(10)
18
(24)
35
(47)
61
(83)
97
(131)
Class 10.9
(Grade 8) 10.9
3
(4)
6
(8)
10
(14)
25
(34)
49
(66)
86
(117)
136
(184)
Torque Specifications and Bolt Grades
Periodically, the vehicle should be inspected for loose fasteners. Fasteners should be tightened in accordance with
the Torque Specifications table.
Use care when tightening fasteners and refer to the Technician’s Repair and Service Manual for specific torque values.
5 - 11
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Generally, three classes of standard hardware and two classes of metric hardware are used in the vehicle. Grade 5
hardware can be identified by the three marks on the hexagonal head and grade 8 hardware is identified by 6 marks
on the head. Metric hardware is marked on the head with 8.8 or 10.9. Unmarked hardware is Grade 2.
SYSTEM TEST
At monthly intervals, test the controller by allowing the vehicle to roll down an incline with the accelerator pedal
released. Braking force should be felt at approximately 2 mph (3 kph) indicating that the system is functioning. If vehicle
speed continues to rise, apply the service brake and have vehicle inspected by a trained mechanic.
CAPACITIES AND REPLACEMENT PARTS
5
Rear Axle Oil
40 oz (1.2 liters) / SAE 30
Fuse
15 amp (P/N 18392-G1)
Headlight Bulb
(P/N 619100)
LED Bulb
(P/N 619101)
Turn Signal Bulb
(P/N 619102)
Tail Light Bulb
#1157 (P/N 21759-G1)
Capacities and Replacement Parts
5 - 12
MAINTENANCE
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PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE
 Check
 Clean, Adjust, etc.
 Replace
To perform service that is listed in this schedule but not described in this manual, contact a local Service Representative or see the Repair and Service Manual for this vehicle.
NOTE: Some maintenance items must be serviced more frequently on vehicles used under severe driving conditions
DAILY
WEEKLY
BEFORE USE:
 Check service brake general operation
 Check park brake function
Check warning device function in reverse
 Check tire condition
 Check overall vehicle condition
 Recharge batteries to full state of charge after each day’s use
 Inspect charger connector and receptacle at each charge
TIRES
 Examine for cuts, excessive wear and pressure
WHEELS
 Check for bent rims, missing or loose lug nuts
5
(See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS)
MONTHLY - 20 HOURS (includes items listed in previous table & the following)
BATTERIES
WIRING
CHARGER / RECEPTACLE
ACCELERATOR
SERVICE BRAKE
(MECHANICAL BRAKES)
PARK BRAKE
DIRECTION SELECTOR
STEERING ASSEMBLY
TIE ROD/LINKAGES
CONTROLLER
REAR AXLE
 Clean batteries & terminals. See BATTERY CLEANING.
 Check charge condition and all connections
 Check all wiring for loose connections and broken/missing insulation
 Clean connections, keep receptacles free of dirt and foreign matter
 Check for smooth movement
 Conduct brake performance test
 Check brake performance and adjust if required
 Check attachment, tighten if required
 Check for abnormal play, tightness of all hardware
 Check for excessive play, bent components or loose connections
 Check for Controller braking force for proper operation of system
 Check for leakage, add SAE 30 oil as required
QUARTERLY - 50 HOURS (includes items listed in previous tables & the following)
FRONT AXLE
FRONT SHOCK ABSORBERS
FRONT SPRINGS
FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT
PARK BRAKE
 Check for damage to axle and loose or missing hardware
 Check for oil leakage and loose fasteners
 Check for loose hardware, cracks at attachments
 Check for unusual tire wear, align if required
 Check for bent/binding linkage rod
 Check for damage or wear to latch arm or catch bracket
 Lubricate as required, use light oil. DO NOT LUBRICATE CABLES OR BRAKE
LATCH
REAR SHOCK ABSORBERS
HARDWARE AND FASTENERS
 Check for oil leakage, loose mounting hardware
 Check for loose or missing hardware and components
 Tighten or replace missing hardware
SEMI-ANNUAL - 125 HOURS (includes items listed in previous tables & the following)
DIRECTION SELECTOR
 Check for wear and smooth movement (lubricate shaft with light oil if required)
5 - 13
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
 Check for excessive play and tightness of retaining nuts
 Check bellows and pinion seal for damage or grease leakage
 Lubricate, use wheel bearing grease
 Check for unusual noise and loose or missing mounting hardware
KING PINS
STEERING ASSEMBLY
RACK END BALL JOINT
REAR AXLE
ANNUAL - 250-300 HOURS (includes items listed in previous tables & the following)
FRONT WHEEL BEARINGS
REAR AXLE
SERVICE BRAKES
5
 Check and adjust as required, see Technician’s Repair and Service Manual
 Check lubricant, add lubricant (SAE 30 oil) as required
 Clean and adjust, see Technician’s Repair and Service Manual
 Check brake shoe linings, see Technician’s Repair and Service Manual
Periodic Service Schedule
BATTERY CHARGING AND MAINTENANCE
Safety
Always observe the following warnings when working on or near batteries.
To prevent battery explosion that could result in severe personal injury or death, keep all smoking materials, open flames or sparks away from the batteries.
Hydrogen gas is formed when charging batteries. Do not charge batteries without adequate ventilation. A 4% concentration of hydrogen gas is explosive.
Be sure that the key switch is off and all electrical accessories are turned off before starting work
on the vehicle.
Never disconnect a circuit under load at a battery terminal.
Batteries are heavy. Use proper lifting techniques when moving them.
Always lift the battery with a commercially available battery lifting device.
Use care not to tip batteries when removing or installing them; spilled
electrolyte can cause burns and damage.
The electrolyte in a storage battery is an acid solution which can cause
severe burns to the skin and eyes. Treat all electrolyte spills to the body
and eyes with extended flushing with clear water. Contact a physician
immediately.
Always wear a safety shield or approved safety goggles when adding water
or charging batteries.
Any electrolyte spills should be neutralized with a solution of 1/4 cup (60 ml)
sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) dissolved in 1 1/2 gallons (6 liters) of water
and flushed with water.
Overfilling batteries may result in electrolyte being spilled from the battery
during the charge cycle. Expelled electrolyte may cause damage to the vehicle and storage facility.
Aerosol containers of battery terminal protectant must be used with extreme care. Insulate
metal container to prevent can from contacting battery terminals which could result in an
explosion.
5 - 14
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Wrap wrenches with vinyl tape to prevent the possibility of a dropped wrench
from ’shorting out’ a battery, which could result in an explosion and severe personal injury or death.
Battery
A battery is defined as two dissimilar metals immersed in an acid. If the acid is absent or if the metals are not dissimilar, a battery has not been created. The batteries most commonly used in these vehicles are lead acid.
A battery does not store electricity, but is able to produce electricity as the result of a chemical reaction which
releases stored chemical energy in the form of electrical energy. The chemical reaction takes place faster in warm
conditions and slower in cold conditions. Temperature is important when conducting tests on a battery and test
results must be corrected to compensate for temperature differences.
As a battery ages, it still performs adequately except that its capacity is diminished. Capacity describes the time that
a battery can continue to provide its design amperes from a full charge.
A battery has a maximum life, therefore good maintenance is designed to maximize the available life and reduce the
factors that can reduce the life of the battery.
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
Tool List
Qty.
Insulated Wrench, 9/16" .............................................. 1
Hydrometer ................................................................. 1
Tool List
Qty.
Battery Carrier......................................................... 1
Battery Maintenance Kit P/N 25587-G01................ 1
At Each Charging Cycle
To reduce the possibility of fire, never attach a battery charger to a vehicle that is to be unattended beyond the normal charging cycle. Overcharging could cause damage to the vehicle batteries
and result in extreme overheating. The charger should be checked after 24 hours and unplugged
after the charge cycle is complete.
Before charging the batteries, inspect the plug of the battery charger and vehicle receptacle housing for dirt or
debris.
Charge the batteries after each day’s use.
Monthly
•
•
•
•
Inspect all wiring for fraying, loose terminations, corrosion or deterioration of insulation.
Check that the electrolyte level is correct and add suitable water as required.
Clean the batteries and wire terminations.
Coat battery terminals with commercially available protectant.
Electrolyte Level and Water
The correct level of the electrolyte is 1/2" (13 mm) above the plates in each cell.
This level will leave approximately 1/4" - 3/8" (6 - 10 mm) of space between the electrolyte and the vent tube. The
electrolyte level is important since any portion of the plates exposed to air will be ruined beyond repair. Also avoid filling with too much water, which will result in electrolyte being forced out of the battery due to gassing and a decrease
in volume of the electrolyte that results from the charging cycle.
5 - 15
5
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
DO NOT overfill batteries. The charging cycle will expel electrolyte and result in component damage.
A battery being charged will ’gas’ with the majority of the gassing taking place at the end of the charging cycle. This
gas is hydrogen with is lighter than air. Water and sulphuric acid droplets will be carried out of the battery vents by
the hydrogen gas, however, this loss is minimal. If the battery electrolyte level is too high, the electrolyte will block
the vent tube and the gas will force it out of the vent tube and battery cap. The water will evaporate but the sulphuric
acid will remain where it can damage vehicle components and the storage facility floor. Sulphuric acid loss will
weaken the concentration of acid within the electrolyte and reduce the life of the battery.
5
Vent Cap
Gas Vent
Expansion
Space
Vent
1/4” to 3/8”
(6 mm to 10mm)
1/2” (13 mm)
Plates
Electrolyte level should be at least
1/2” (13mm) above the plates and 1/4”
to 3/8” (6 to 10 mm) below vent
Correct Electrolyte Level
Over the life of the battery, a considerable amount of water is consumed. It is important that the water used be pure
and free of contaminants that could reduce the life of the battery by reducing the chemical reaction. The water must
be distilled or purified by an efficient filtration system. Water that is not distilled should be analyzed and, if required,
filtration installed to permit the water to meet the requirements of the water purity table.
Water Purity Table
Even if the water is colorless, odorless, tasteless and fit for drinking, the water should be analyzed to see that it does
not exceed the impurity levels specified in the table.
Automatic watering devices such as the one included in the Battery Maintenance Kit (P/N 25587-G01) can be used
with an approved water source. These watering devices are accurate, easy to use and allow for rapid filling. They
also maintain the correct electrolyte level within the battery cells.
5 - 16
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
NOTICE
The watering device should only be used if the electrolyte level is less than 1/2” (13 mm) above top of plates.
Watering gun similar to the type included in the
E-Z-GO Battery Maintenance Kit
Valve consistently
fills to a
predetermined
level
5
Electrolyte
Level
Pure Water
Single Battery Cell
The electrolyte in a storage battery is an acid solution which can cause severe burns to the skin
and eyes. Treat all electrolyte spills to the body and eyes with extended flushing with clear water.
Contact a physician immediately.
Any electrolyte spills should be neutralized with a solution of 1/4 cup (60 ml)
sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) dissolved in 1 1/2 gallons (6 liters) of water
and flushed with water.
Always wear a safety shield or approved safety goggles when adding water or
charging batteries.
Battery Cleaning
To prevent battery damage, be sure that all battery caps are tightly installed.
To reduce the possibility of damage to vehicle or floor, neutralize acid before rinsing battery.
To reduce the possibility of damage to electrical components while cleaning, do not use a pressure washer.
Cleaning should take place per the Periodic Service Schedule.
When cleaning the outside of the batteries and terminals, do not use a water hose without first spraying the batteries
with a solution of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and water to neutralize any acid deposits. Use of a water hose
without first neutralizing the acid will move the acid from the top of the batteries to another area of the vehicle or storage facility, where it will attack the metal structure or the concrete/asphalt floor. After hosing down the batteries, a
residue will be left on the batteries which is conductive and will contribute to the discharge of the batteries.
The correct cleaning technique is to spray the top and sides of the batteries with a solution of baking soda and water.
This solution is best applied with a garden-type sprayer equipped with a non-metallic spray wand or plastic spray
bottle. The solution should consist of baking soda mixed with clear water. In addition to the batteries special attention
should be paid to metallic components adjacent to the batteries, these should also be sprayed with the baking soda
solution.
5 - 17
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
5
Allow the solution to set for at
least three minutes; use a soft
bristle brush or cloth to wipe
the tops of the batteries in
order to remove any residue
that could cause the self-discharge of the battery. Rinse
the entire area with low pressure clear water. All of the
items required for complete
battery cleaning and watering
are contained in the Battery
Maintenance Kit (P/N 25587G01).
Non-Metalic Wand
1 quart
(1 liter)
Clear Water
1/4 Cup (60 ML)
Baking Soda
2 Teaspoons
(10 ml)
Sodium
Bicarbonate
(Baking Soda)
OR
Plastic
Spray
Bottle
1 1/2 GAL (6 Liters) Water
2 GAL (8 Liters)
Gargen Sprayer
(1 1/2 GAL (6 Liters)
Baking Soda Solution
Preparing Acid Neutralizing Solution
Battery Replacement
Before any electrical service is performed, the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch must be placed in the ‘Tow/Maintenance’ position.
If a power wire (battery, motor or controller) is disconnected for any reason, the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch must
be left in the ‘Tow/Maintenance’ position for at least 30 seconds after the circuit is restored.
Remove battery hold downs and cables. Lift out batteries with a commercially available lifting device.
If the batteries have been cleaned and any acid in the battery rack area neutralized as recommended, no corrosion
to the battery racks or surrounding area should be present. Any corrosion found should be immediately removed with
a putty knife and a wire brush. The area should be washed with a solution of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and
water and thoroughly dried before priming and painting with a corrosion resistant paint.
The batteries should be placed into the battery racks and the battery hold downs tightened to 45 - 55 in. lbs. (5 - 6
Nm) torque, to prevent movement but not tight enough to cause distortion of the battery cases.
Inspect all wires and terminals. Clean any corrosion from the battery terminals or the wire terminals with a solution of
sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and brush clean if required.
To prevent battery explosion that could result in severe personal injury or death, extreme care
must be used with aerosol containers of battery terminal protectant. Insulate the metal container
to prevent the metal can from contacting battery terminals which could result in an explosion.
5 - 18
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Use care to connect the battery wires as shown.
Tighten the battery post hardware to 90 - 100 in. lbs. (6 -8
Nm) torque. Do not over-torque the terminal stud nut, this will
cause a “mushroom” effect on the battery post which will
prevent the terminal nut from being properly tightened.
Protect the battery terminals and battery wire terminals with a
commercially available coating.
+
Protect the battery terminals and battery wire terminals with a
commercially available coating.
Battery Charging
The battery charger is designed to fully charge the battery
set. If the batteries are severely deep cycled, some automatic battery chargers contain an electronic module that may
not activate and the battery charger will not function. Automatic chargers will determine the correct duration of charge
to the battery set and will shut off when the battery set is fully
charged. Always refer to the instructions of the specific charger used.
BL+ to
Solenoid
Front of Vehicle
-
+
-
+
-
+
-
+
-
To
Charger
-
+
-
-
BL- to Bon ESC
+
5
+
Before charging, the following should be observed:
Do not overfill batteries. The charging cycle will expel electrolyte and result in component damage.
•
•
•
•
•
•
The electrolyte level in all cells must be at the recommended level and cover the plates.
The charging must take place in an area that is well ventilated and capable of removing the hydrogen gas that
is generated by the charging process. A minimum of five air exchanges per hour is recommended.
The charging connector components must be in good condition and free from dirt or debris.
The charger connector must be fully inserted into the vehicle receptacle.
The charger connector/cord set is protected from damage and is located in an area to prevent injury that may
result from personnel running over or tripping over the cord set.
The charger is automatically turned off during the connect/disconnect cycle and therefore no electrical arc is
generated at the DC plug/receptacle contacts.
AC Voltage
Battery charger output is directly related to the input voltage. If multiple vehicles are receiving an incomplete charge
in a normally adequate time period, low AC voltage could be the cause and the power company should be consulted.
Troubleshooting
In general, troubleshooting will be done for two distinct reasons. First, a battery that performs poorly and is outside of
the manufacturers specification should be identified in order to replace it under the terms of the manufacturer’s warranty. Different manufacturers have different requirements. Consult the battery manufacturer or the manufacturer’s
representative for specific requirements.
The second reason is to determine why a particular vehicle does not perform adequately. Performance problems
may result in a vehicle that runs slowly or in a vehicle that is unable to operate for the time required.
A new battery must mature before it will develop its maximum capacity. Maturing may take up to 100 charge/discharge cycles. After the maturing phase, the older a battery gets, the lower the capacity. The only way to determine
the capacity of a battery is to perform a load test using a discharge machine following manufacturer’s recommendations.
A cost effective way to identify a poorly performing battery is to use a hydrometer to identify a battery in a set with a
lower than normal specific gravity. Once the particular cell or cells that are the problem are identified, the suspect
5 - 19
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
battery can be removed and replaced. At this point there is nothing that can be done to salvage the battery; however, the
individual battery should be replaced with a good battery of the same brand, type and approximate age.
HYDROMETER
A hydrometer is used to test the state of charge of a battery cell.
This is performed by measuring the density of the electrolyte,
which is accomplished by measuring the specific gravity of the
electrolyte. The greater the concentration of sulfuric acid, the
more dense the electrolyte becomes. The higher the density, the
higher the state of charge.
5 To prevent battery explosion that could result in
severe personal injury or death, never insert a metal
thermometer into a battery. Use a hydrometer with a
built in thermometer that is designed for testing batteries.
Specific gravity is the measurement of a liquid that is compared
to a baseline. The baseline is water which is assigned a base
number of 1.000. The concentration of sulfuric acid to water in a
new golf car battery is 1.280 which means that the electrolyte
weighs 1.280 times the weight of the same volume of water. A
fully charged battery will test at 1.275 - 1.280 while a discharged
battery will read in the 1.140 range.
CYLINDER BULB
THERMOMETER
FLOAT
Add to Float
Reading
Subtract
from Float
Reading
WEIGHT
Hydrometer
NOTICE
Do not perform a hydrometer test on a battery that has just been watered. The battery must go through at least one charge
and discharge cycle in order to permit the water to adequately mix with the electrolyte.
The temperature of the electrolyte is important since the hydrometer reading must be corrected to 80° F (27° C). High
quality hydrometers are equipped with an internal thermometer that will measure the temperature of the electrolyte and
will include a conversion scale to correct the float reading. It is important to recognize that the electrolyte temperature is
significantly different from the ambient temperature if the vehicle has been operated.
5 - 20
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Using A Hydrometer
1. Draw electrolyte into the hydrometer several times to
permit the thermometer to adjust to the electrolyte temperature and note the reading. Examine the color of the
electrolyte. A brown or gray coloration indicates a problem with the battery and is a sign that the battery is nearing the end of its life.
2. Draw the minimum quantity of electrolyte into the hydrometer to permit the float to float freely without contacting the top or bottom of the cylinder.
3. Hold the hydrometer in a vertical position at eye level
and note the reading where the electrolyte meets the
scale on the float.
5
4. Add or subtract four points (.004) to the reading for every
10° F (6° C) the electrolyte temperature is above or below 80° F (27° C). Adjust the reading to conform with the
electrolyte temperature, e.g., if the reading indicates a
specific gravity of 1.250 and the electrolyte temperature
is 90° F (32° C), add four points (.004) to the 1.250
which gives a corrected reading of 1.254. Similarly if the
temperature was 70° F (21° C), subtract four points
(.004) from the 1.250 to give a corrected reading of
1.246.
5. Test each cell and note the readings (corrected to 80° F
or 27° C). A variation of fifty points between any two cell
readings (example 1.250 - 1.200) indicates a problem
with the low reading cell(s).
As a battery ages the specific gravity of the electrolyte will
decrease at full charge. This is not a reason to replace the
battery providing all cells are within fifty points of each
other.
Since the hydrometer test is in response to a vehicle
exhibiting a performance problem, the vehicle should be
recharged and the test repeated. If the results indicate a
weak cell, the battery or batteries should be removed and
replaced with a good battery of the same brand, type and
approximate age.
Hydrometer Temperature Correction
5 - 21
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
PROLONGED STORAGE
Battery charger, controller and other electronic devices need to be disconnected since they will contribute to the premature discharge of batteries.
During periods of storage, the batteries will need attention to keep them maintained and prevent discharge.
5
In high temperatures the chemical reaction is faster, while low
temperatures cause the chemical reaction to slow down. A
vehicle that is stored at 90° F (32° C) will loose.002 of specific
gravity each day. If a fully charged battery has a specific gravity of 1.275, and the battery is allowed to sit unused, it will
become partially discharged. When it reaches 1.240, which it
will do in less than twenty days, it should be recharged. If a
battery is left in a discharged state, sulfating takes place on
and within the plates. This condition is not reversible and will
cause permanent damage to the battery. In order to prevent
damage, the battery should be recharged. A hydrometer (P/N
50900-G1) can be used to determine the specific gravity and
therefore the state of charge of a battery.
E
L
E
C
T
R
O
L
Y
T
E
T
E
M
P
E
R
A
T
U
R
E
F
O
+15
C
O
-9
+5 -15
-5 -21
-15 -26
-25 -32
-35 -37
-45 -43
-55 -48
-65 -54
-75 -60
In winter conditions, the battery must be fully charged to pre-85 -65
vent the possibility of freezing. A fully charged battery will not
-95 -71
freeze in temperatures above -75° F (-60° C). Although the
1.100 1.140 1.180 1.220 1.260 1.300
chemical reaction is slowed in cold temperatures, the battery
1.120 1.160 1.200 1.240 1.280
must be stored fully charged, and disconnected from any cirSPECIFIC GRAVITY ELECTROLYTE FREEZING POINT
cuit that could discharge the battery. For portable chargers,
disconnect the charging plug from the vehicle receptacle. For
Freezing Point Of Electrolyte
on-board chargers, disconnect the charging harness from the
batteries. The batteries must be cleaned and all deposits neutralized and removed from the battery case to prevent
self discharge. The batteries should be tested or recharged at thirty day minimum intervals.
5 - 22
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Notes:
5
5 - 23
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Notes:
5
5 - 24
E-Z-GO Division of Textron Inc.,
1451 Marvin Griffin Road, Augusta, Georgia 30906 - 3852 USA
Service Parts Manuals, as well as Repair and Service Manuals
are available from a local Distributor, an authorized Branch,
Genuine E-Z-GO Parts & Accessories Department or at www.shopezgo.com.
Copyrighted Material
This manual may not be reproduced in whole or
in part without the express permission of
E-Z-GO Division of Textron Inc.
Technical Communications Department