B&B Electronics SPECTRE System information

SPECTRE Router
CONFIGURATION MANUAL
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B&B Electronics, Inc.
SPECTRE Configuration Manual
International Headquarters
B&B Electronics Mfg. Co. Inc.
707 Dayton Road
Ottawa, IL 61350 USA
Phone (815) 433-5100 -- General Fax (815) 433-5105
Website: www.bb-elec.com
European Headquarters
B&B Electronics Ltd.
Westlink Commercial Park
Oranmore, Co. Galway, Ireland
Phone +353 91-792444 -- Fax +353 91-792445
Website: www.bb-europe.com
Doc: 710-10001-02 Rev 1.0 – October 2012
2012 B&B Electronics Mfg. Co. Inc. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or
by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photography, recording, or any information storage and
retrieval system without written consent. Information in this manual is subject to change without notice, and does
not represent a commitment on the part of B&B Electronics Mfg. Co. Inc.
B&B Electronics Mfg. Co. Inc. shall not be liable for incidental or consequential damages resulting from the
furnishing, performance, or use of this manual.
All brand names used in this manual are the registered trademarks of their respective owners. The use of
trademarks or other designations in this publication is for reference purposes only and does not constitute an
endorsement by the trademark holder.
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Used symbols
Danger – Information regarding user safety or potential damage to the router.
Attention – Problems that can arise in specific situations.
Useful tips or information of special interest.
GPL license
Source codes under GPL license are available free of charge by sending an email
to support@bb-elec.com.
Router version
The properties and settings associated with the cellular network connection are not available
in non-cellular SPECTRE RT routers.
PPPoE configuration is only available on SPECTRE RT routers. It is used to set the PPPoE
connection over Ethernet.
Declared quality system
ISO 9001
B&B Electronics
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Contents
1.
Router Configuration using a web browser
1.1. Secured access to web configuration
1.2. Network status
1.3. DHCP status
1.4. Cellular WAN status
1.5. IPsec status
1.6. DynDNS status
1.7. System log
1.8. LAN configuration
1.9. VRRP configuration
1.10. Cellular WAN configuration
1.10.1. Cellular Carrier Selection
1.10.2. GSM/UMTS connection
1.10.3. DNS address configuration
1.10.4. Check PPP connection configuration
1.10.5. Data limit configuration
1.10.6. Switch between SIM cards configuration
1.10.7. Dial-in Access
1.10.8. PPPoE bridge mode configuration
1.11. PPPoE configuration
1.12. Firewall configuration
1.13. NAT configuration
1.14. OpenVPN tunnel configuration
1.15. IPSec tunnel configuration
1.16. GRE tunnels configuration
1.17. L2TP tunnel configuration
1.18. PPTP tunnel configuration
1.19. DynDNS client configuration
1.20. NTP client configuration
1.21. SNMP configuration
1.22. SMTP configuration
1.23. SMS configuration
1.23.1. Send SMS
1.24. Expansion port configuration
1.25. USB port configuration
1.26. Startup script
1.27. Up/Down script
1.28. Automatic update configuration
1.29. User modules
1.30. Change profile
1.31. Change password
1.32. Set real time clock
1.33. Set SMS service center address
1.34. Unlock SIM card
1.35. Send SMS
1.36. Backup configuration
1.37. Restore configuration
1.38. Update firmware
1.39. Reboot
2. Router Configuration over Telnet
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Picture List
Fig. 1: Web configuration.................................................................................................... 9
Fig. 2: Network status ........................................................................................................12
Fig. 3: DHCP status ............................................................................................................12
Fig. 4: GPRS status ............................................................................................................14
Fig. 5: IPsec status .............................................................................................................15
Fig. 6: DynDNS status ........................................................................................................15
Fig. 7: System log...............................................................................................................16
Fig. 8: Example syslogd startup script with the parameter -r .........................................16
Fig. 9: Example LAN Configuration Topology for Dynamic DHCP Server......................18
Fig. 10: Example LAN configuration 1 ..............................................................................19
Fig. 11: Network Topology for both Static and Dynamic DHCP Servers ........................20
Fig. 12: Example LAN configuration 2 ..............................................................................20
Fig. 13: Network Topology for LAN configuration example 3 .........................................21
Fig. 14: Example LAN configuration 3 ..............................................................................21
Fig. 15: Network Topology for VRRP configuration example ..........................................23
Fig. 16: Example VRRP configuration – main router .......................................................23
Fig. 17: Example VRRP configuration – backup router ...................................................23
Fig. 18: Cellular WAN configuration ..................................................................................29
Fig. 19: Example of GPRS configuration 1 .......................................................................30
Fig. 20: Example of GPRS configuration 2 .......................................................................30
Fig. 21: Example of GPRS configuration 3 .......................................................................30
Fig. 22: PPPoE configuration ............................................................................................31
Fig. 23: Network Topology of example firewall configuration .........................................33
Fig. 24: Example firewall configuration ............................................................................33
Fig. 25: Topology for NAT configuration example ...........................................................35
Fig. 26: Example NAT configuration 1 ..............................................................................35
Fig. 27: Topology of example NAT configuration.............................................................36
Fig. 28: Example of NAT configuration 2 ..........................................................................36
Fig. 29: OpenVPN tunnel configuration ............................................................................37
Fig. 30: OpenVPN tunnel configuration ............................................................................39
Fig. 31: Topology of example OpenVPN configuration ...................................................40
Fig. 32: IPsec tunnels configuration .................................................................................41
Fig. 33: IPsec tunnel configuration ...................................................................................43
Fig. 34: Topology of example IPsec configuration...........................................................44
Fig. 35: GRE tunnels configuration ...................................................................................45
Fig. 36: GRE tunnel configuration .....................................................................................45
Fig. 37: Topology of GRE tunnel configuration ................................................................46
Fig. 38: L2TP tunnel configuration ....................................................................................47
Fig. 39: Topology of example L2TP tunnel configuration................................................48
Fig. 40: PPTP tunnel configuration ...................................................................................49
Fig. 41: Topology of example PPTP tunnel configuration ...............................................50
Fig. 42: Example of DynDNS configuration ......................................................................51
Fig. 43: Example of NTP configuration .............................................................................52
Fig. 44: Example of SNMP configuration ..........................................................................55
Fig. 45: Example of the MIB browser ................................................................................55
Fig. 46: SMTP client configuration ....................................................................................56
Fig. 47: SMTP configuration ..............................................................................................56
Fig. 48: Example of SMS configuration 1..........................................................................61
Fig. 49: Example of SMS configuration 2..........................................................................62
Fig. 50: Example of SMS configuration 3..........................................................................63
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Fig. 51: Example of SMS configuration 4..........................................................................64
Fig. 52: Expansion port configuration ..............................................................................66
Fig. 53: Example of expansion port configuration 1 ........................................................67
Fig. 54: Example of expansion port configuration 2 ........................................................67
Fig. 55: USB configuration.................................................................................................69
Fig. 56: Example of USB port configuration 1 ..................................................................70
Fig. 57: Example of USB port configuration 2 ..................................................................70
Fig. 58: Startup script.........................................................................................................71
Fig. 59: Example of Startup script .....................................................................................71
Fig. 60: Up/Down script......................................................................................................72
Fig. 61: Example of Up/Down script ..................................................................................72
Fig. 62: Example of automatic update 1............................................................................74
Fig. 63: Example of automatic update 2............................................................................74
Fig. 64: User modules ........................................................................................................74
Fig. 65: Change profile .......................................................................................................75
Fig. 66: Change password .................................................................................................75
Fig. 67: Set real time clock.................................................................................................76
Fig. 68: Set SMS service center address ..........................................................................76
Fig. 69: Unlock SIM card ....................................................................................................76
Fig. 70: Send SMS ..............................................................................................................77
Fig. 71: Restore configuration ...........................................................................................77
Fig. 72: Update firmware ....................................................................................................78
Fig. 73: Reboot ...................................................................................................................78
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Table List
Table 1: Interface connection status .................................................................................11
Table 2: Description of information in network status ....................................................11
Table 3: DHCP status description .....................................................................................12
Table 4: Description of cellular network information.......................................................13
Table 5: Description of Time Periods ................................................................................13
Table 6: Description of Cellular statistics .........................................................................13
Table 7: Description of Cellular traffic statistics ..............................................................14
Table 8: DynDNS report .....................................................................................................15
Table 9: Configuration of network interface .....................................................................17
Table 10: Configuration of a dynamic DHCP server ........................................................17
Table 11: Configuration of static DHCP server ................................................................18
Table 12: VRRP configuration ...........................................................................................22
Table 13: Check PPP connection ......................................................................................22
Table 14: GPRS connection configuration .......................................................................25
Table 15: Check PPP connection configuration ...............................................................26
Table 16: Data limit configuration .....................................................................................26
Table 17: Default and backup SIM configuration .............................................................27
Table 18: Switch between SIM card configurations .........................................................27
Table 19: Switch between SIM card configurations .........................................................28
Table 20: Dial-In access configuration..............................................................................28
Table 21: PPPoE configuration .........................................................................................31
Table 22: Firewall configuration ........................................................................................32
Table 23: NAT configuration ..............................................................................................34
Table 24: Configuration of send all incoming packets ....................................................34
Table 25: Remote access configuration ...........................................................................34
Table 26: Overview of OpenVPN tunnels ..........................................................................37
Table 27: OpenVPN configuration .....................................................................................38
Table 28: Example OpenVPN configuration .....................................................................40
Table 29: Overview IPsec tunnels .....................................................................................41
Table 30: IPsec tunnel configuration ................................................................................42
Table 31: Example IPsec configuration ............................................................................44
Table 32: Overview GRE tunnels .......................................................................................45
Table 33: GRE tunnel configuration ..................................................................................45
Table 34: Example GRE tunnel configuration ..................................................................46
Table 35: L2TP tunnel configuration .................................................................................47
Table 36: Example L2TP tunnel configuration .................................................................48
Table 37: PPTP tunnel configuration ................................................................................49
Table 38: Example PPTP tunnel configuration .................................................................50
Table 39: DynDNS configuration .......................................................................................51
Table 40: NTP configuration ..............................................................................................52
Table 41: SNMP configuration ...........................................................................................53
Table 42: SNMP configuration ...........................................................................................53
Table 43: Object identifier for binary input and output ....................................................54
Table 44: Object identifier for CNT port ...........................................................................54
Table 45: Send SMS configuration ....................................................................................57
Table 46: Control via SMS configuration ..........................................................................57
Table 47: SMS Control Commands ...................................................................................58
Table 48: Send SMS on serial PORT1 configuration........................................................58
Table 49: Send SMS on serial PORT2 configuration........................................................58
Table 50: Send SMS on Ethernet Port configuration .......................................................58
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Table 51: AT commands to send and receive SMS messages ........................................59
Table 52: Expansion PORT configuration 1......................................................................65
Table 53: TCP Keep-Alive Configuration ..........................................................................65
Table 54: CD signal description ........................................................................................65
Table 55: DTR signal description ......................................................................................66
Table 56: USB port configuration 1 ...................................................................................68
Table 57: USB PORT configuration 2 ................................................................................68
Table 58: CD signal description ........................................................................................68
Table 59: DTR signal description ......................................................................................69
Table 60: Automatic update configuration .......................................................................73
Table 61: Telnet commands...............................................................................................79
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1.
Attention! The SPECTRE 3G router will not operate unless the cellular carrier has been
correctly configured and the account activated and provisioned for data communications. For
UMTS carriers, a SIM card must be inserted into the router. Do not insert the SIM card when
the router is powered up.
You can monitor the status, configuration and administration of the router via the Web
interface. To access the router over the web interface, enter http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx into the
URL for the browser where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the router IP address. The modem‟s default IP
address is 192.168.1.1. The default username is "root" and the default password is "root".
The left side of the web interface displays the menu. You will find links for the Status,
Configuration and Administration of the router.
Name and Location displays the router‟s name, location and SNMP configuration (See SNMP
configuration). These fields are user-defined for each router.
For enhanced security, you should change the default password. If the router's default
password is set, the menu item "Change password" is highlighted in red.
Fig. 1: Web configuration
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If the green LED is blinking, you may restore the router to its factory default settings
by pressing RST on front panel. The configuration will be restored to the factory defaults and
the router will reboot. (The green LED will be on during the reboot.)
1.1. Secured access to web configuration
The Web interface can be accessed through a standard web browser via a secure HTTPS
connection.
Access the web interface by entering https://192.168.1.1 in the web browser. You may
receive a message that there is a problem with the website‟s security certificate. If you do,
click on “Continue to this website”. If you wish to prevent this message, you must install a
security certificate into the router.
Since the domain name in the certificate is given the MAC address of the router (such
addresses use dashes instead of colons as separators), it is necessary to access the router
under this domain name. For access to the router via a domain name, a DNS record must be
added to the DNS table in the operating system.
There are three methods to add a domain name to the operating system:
Editing /etc/hosts (Linux/Unix)
Editing C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc\hosts (Windows XP)
Configuring your own DNS server
You must then add a security certificate to the web server on the router. When using
a self-signed certificate, you must upload your files to the certs directory /etc/certs in the
router.
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1.2. Network status
To view the current system information for the router, select the Network menu item.
The upper part of the window displays detailed information about the active interfaces.
Interface
eth0
ppp0
tun0
ipsec0
gre1
Description
Primary Ethernet interface
PPP Interface (active connection to GPRS/EDGE/CDMA)
OpenVPN tunnel interface
IPSec tunnel interface
GRE tunnel interface
Table 1: Interface connection status
The following detailed information will be shown for each active connection.
Item
HWaddr
inet
P-t-P
Bcast
Mask
MTU
Metric
RX
TX
collisions
txqueuelen
RX bytes
TX bytes
Description
Hardware MAC (unique) address of primary network interface
IP address of primary network interface
IP address second ends connection
Broadcast address
Network Subnet Mask
Maximum transmittable packet size
Number of routers that the packet must pass through
packets – number of received packets
errors - number of errors
dropped - number of dropped packets
overruns – incoming packets lost because of overload
frame – number of frame errors
packets – number of transmitted packets
errors - number of packet errors
dropped - number of dropped packets
overruns – number of outgoing packets lost because of overload
carrier - outgoing packet errors resulting from the physical layer
Number of collisions on physical layer
Number of packets in the transmit queue
Total number of received bytes
Total number of transmitted bytes
Table 2: Description of information in network status
If the PPP connection is active, the system information will appear on the ppp0 interface.
For the SPECTRE RT industrial router, interface ppp0 indicates the PPPoE connection.
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Fig. 2: Network status
1.3. DHCP status
Information about the DHCP server can be accessed by selecting the DHCP status.
The DHCP server provides automatic configuration of the client devices connected to
the router. The DHCP server assigns each device an IP address, subnet mask, default
gateway (IP address of router) and DNS server (IP address of router).
For each client in the list, the DHCP status window displays the following information.
Item
lease
starts
ends
hardware
ethernet
uid
client-hostname
Description
Assigned IP address
Time that the IP address was assigned
Time that the IP address lease expires
Hardware MAC (unique) address
Unique ID
Computer name
Table 3: DHCP status description
Fig. 3: DHCP status
The DHCP status may occasionally display two records for one IP address. This may
be caused by resetting the client network interface.
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1.4. Cellular WAN status
The SPECTRE RT industrial router does not display the cellular WAN status.
The router displays information about the current cellular WAN connection.
Item
PLMN
Cell
Channel
Level
Neighbors
Uptime
Description
Code of cellular operator
The primary cell to which the router is connected
The channel on which the router is communicating
The signal quality of the primary cell
The signal quality of neighboring cells
Current PPP connection time
Table 4: Description of cellular network information
If a neighboring cell is highlighted in red, there is a risk that the router may repeatedly
switch between the neighboring cell and the primary cell. This can affect the performance of
the router. To prevent this, re-orient the antenna or use a directional antenna.
The next section of this window displays historical information about the quality
of the cellular WAN connection during each logging period. The router has standard intervals
such as the previous 24 hours and last week and also includes information one user-defined
interval.
Period
Today
Yesterday
This week
Last week
This period
Last period
Definition of the period
Today from 0:00 to 23:59
Yesterday from 0:00 to 23:59
This week from 0:00 on Monday to 23:59 on Sunday
Last week from 0:00 on Monday to 23:59 on Sunday
This accounting period. The interval must be set in the Cellular WAN
Configuration
Last accounting period. The interval must be set in the Cellular WAN
Configuration
Table 5: Description of Time Periods
Item
Level Min.
Level Avg.
Level Max.
Cells
Availability
Description
Minimum signal strength
Average signal strength
Maximum signal strength
Number of times that the router switched between cells
Availability of the PPP connection in %
Table 6: Description of Cellular statistics
The Availability displayed as a percentage and is calculated as the ratio of the time
that the PPP connection was active to the router power on time during the interval.
Placing your cursor on the maximum or minimum signal strength will display the most
recent signal strength reading.
The middle part of window displays information about the amount of data transferred
and the number of times that a PPP connection was established for each SIM card during
the period.
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Item
RX data
TX data
Connections
SPECTRE Configuration Manual
Description
Total volume of received data
The total volume of data sent
Number of times that a PPP connection was established
Table 7: Description of Cellular traffic statistics
The bottom of the window displays the PPP Connection Log. Check here for
information about the status of the PPP connection and any problems with the connection.
Fig. 4: GPRS status
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1.5. IPsec status
Selecting the IPsec option in the status menu of the web page will bring up the
information for any IPsec Tunnels that have been established. Up to 4 IPsec tunnels can be
created. If no IPsec tunnels are configured, the status will show that “IPsec is disabled”.
If an IPsec tunnel is established, the router will show “IPsec SA established”
(highlighted in red) in the IPsec status information.
Fig. 5: IPsec status
1.6. DynDNS status
The router supports DynamicDNS using a DNS server on www.dyndns.org. If
Dynamic DNS is configured, the status can be displayed by selecting menu option DynDNS.
Refer to www.dyndns.org for more information on how to configure a Dynamic DNS client.
Fig. 6: DynDNS status
DynDNS client is disabled.
Invalid username or password.
Specified hostname doesn‟t exist.
Invalid hostname format.
Hostname exists, but not under specified username.
No update performed yet.
DynDNS record is already up to date.
DynDNS record successfully updated.
DNS error encountered.
DynDNS server failure.
Table 8: DynDNS report
For Dynamic DNS to function properly, the router‟s SIM card must have a public IP address
assigned.
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1.7. System log
Use the System Log menu item to view the router system log. The system log contains
helpful information on the operation of the router. Only the most recent information is shown on
the screen but older log entries can be viewed by saving the system log to a file and opening it
with a text editor. The Save button allows you to save the system log to a file. The system log
is cleared when the unit re-boots.
Fig. 7: System log
The Syslog default size is 1000 lines. When the system log reaches the maximum
size, it is deleted and a new log file is started.
The program syslogd can be run on the router to configure the system log. The
syslogd option "-s" followed by decimal number will set the maximum number of lines in the
log file. The "-r" option followed by the hostname or IP address will enable logging to a syslog
daemon on a remote computer.
On remote Linux machines, the syslog daemon is enabled by running syslogd with
the parameter “-r”. On remote Windows machines, a syslog server such as Syslog Watcher
must be installed.
To enable remote logging when the router powers up, modify the script
"/etc/init.d/syslog" or add the commands "killall syslogd" and "syslogd <options>" into
the startup script.
The following example shows how to send syslog information to a remote server at
192.168.2.115 on startup.
Fig. 8: Example syslogd startup script with the parameter -r
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1.8. LAN configuration
Select the LAN menu item to enter the network configuration for the Ethernet ports.
The main Ethernet port, ETH, is setup in the Primary LAN section. If the router has additional
Ethernet ports (PORT1 or PORT2), they are configured under the Secondary LAN section.
For routers with 2 additional Ethernet ports, PORT1 and PORT2 are automatically bridged
together.
Item
DHCP Client
IP address
Subnet Mask
Media type
Default
Gateway
DNS server
Description
disabled – The router will not obtain an IP address automatically
from a DHCP server on the network.
enabled – The router will attempt to obtain an IP address
automatically from a DHCP server on the network.
Fixed IP address of the network interface.
IP address Subnet Mask for the interface.
Auto-negotiation – The router automatically selects the
communication speed of the network interface.
100 Mbps Full Duplex – The router communicates at 100Mbps,
in full-duplex mode.
100 Mbps Half Duplex - The router communicates at 100Mbps,
in half-duplex mode.
10 Mbps Full Duplex - The router communicates at 10Mbps, in fullduplex mode.
10 Mbps Half Duplex - The router communicates at 10Mbps, in
half-duplex mode.
IP address of Default gateway for the router. When entering IP address
of default gateway, all packets for which the record was not found
in the routing table are sent to this address.
IP address of the primary DNS server for the router.
Table 9: Configuration of network interface
The DHCP server assigns the IP address, default gateway IP address, and IP address
of the DNS server to the connected DHCP clients.
The DHCP server supports both static and dynamic assignment of IP addresses. In
Dynamic IP address assignment, the DHCP server will assign a client the next available IP
address from the allowed IP address pool. Once the lease time on an IP address has expired,
the DHCP server is free to re-assign that IP to another client.
Item
Enable dynamic
DHCP leases
IP Pool Start
IP Pool End
Lease time
Description
Select this option to enable a dynamic DHCP server.
Starting IP address of the range allocated to the DHCP clients.
Ending IP address of the range allocated to the DHCP clients.
Time in seconds that the IP address is reserved before it can be re-used.
Table 10: Configuration of a dynamic DHCP server
The DHCP server can also assign a Static IP address to a client. The MAC address
of the client must be configured in the MAC address table along with the desired IP address.
Up to 6 static IP addresses are supported. Do not overlap the static IP addresses with the
addresses allocated by the dynamic DHCP address pool. Otherwise, incorrect network
functioning may occur.
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Item
Enable static
DHCP leases
MAC Address
IP Address
SPECTRE Configuration Manual
Description
Select this option to enable a static DHCP server.
MAC address of a DHCP client.
Assigned IP address.
Table 11: Configuration of static DHCP server
Example of the network interface configuration for a dynamic DHCP server:
The range of dynamically allocated addresses is from 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.4.
The addresses are allocated for 600 seconds (10 minutes).
192.168.1.2
GSM/GPRS
ETH
192.168.1.1
192.168.1.3
192.168.1.4
Fig. 9: Example LAN Configuration Topology for Dynamic DHCP Server
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Fig. 10: Example LAN configuration 1
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Example of the network interface configuration with both dynamic and static DHCP servers:
The allocated address range is from 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.4.
The address is allocated for 10 minutes.
The client with MAC address 01:23:45:67:89:ab has IP address 192.168.1.10.
The client with MAC address 01:54:68:18:ba:7e has IP address 192.168.1.11.
192.168.1.2
192.168.1.3
192.168.1.4
ETH
GSM/GPRS
192.168.1.1
192.168.1.10
01-23-45-67-89-ab
192.168.1.11
01-54-68-18-ba-7e
Fig. 11: Network Topology for both Static and Dynamic DHCP Servers
Fig. 12: Example LAN configuration 2
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Example of the network interface configuration with default gateway and DNS server:
Default gateway IP address is 192.168.1.20
DNS server IP address is 192.168.1.20
192.168.1.2
192.168.1.3
192.168.1.4
ETH
GSM/GPRS
192.168.1.1
192.168.1.20
Fig. 13: Network Topology for LAN configuration example 3
Fig. 14: Example LAN configuration 3
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1.9. VRRP configuration
Select the VRRP menu item to enter the VRRP configuration. VRRP protocol (Virtual
Router Redundancy Protocol) allows you to transfer packet routing from the main router to a
backup router in case the main router fails. This can be used to provide a wireless cellular
backup to a primary wired router in critical application. If the Enable VRRP is checked, you
may set the following parameters.
Item
Virtual Server
IP Address
Virtual Server
ID
Host Priority
Description
This parameter sets the virtual server IP address. This address must be
the same for both the primary and backup routers. Devices on the LAN
will use this address as their default gateway IP address.
This parameter distinguishes one virtual router on the network from
another. The main and backup routers must use the same value for this
parameter.
The active router with highest priority set by the parameter Host Priority, is
the main router. According to RFC 2338, the main router should have the
highest possible priority - 255. The backup router(s) have a priority in the
range 1 – 254 (default value is 100). A priority value of 0 is not allowed.
Table 12: VRRP configuration
You may set the Check PPP connection flag in the second part of the window to
enable automatic test messages for the cellular network. In some cases, the PPP connection
could still be active but the router will not be able to send data over the cellular network. This
feature is used to verify that data can be sent over the PPP connection and supplements the
normal VRRP message handling. The currently active router (main/backup) will send test
messages to the defined Ping IP Address at periodic time intervals (Ping Interval) and wait
for a reply (Ping Timeout). If the router does not receive a response to the Ping command, it
will retry up to the number of times specified by the Ping Probes parameter. After that time, it
will switch itself to a backup router until the PPP connection is restored.
Item
Ping IP Address
Ping Interval
Ping Timeout
Ping Probes
Description
Destination IP address for the Ping commands.
Interval in seconds between the outgoing Pings.
Time in seconds to wait for a response to the Ping.
Maximum number of failed ping requests
Table 13: Check PPP connection
You may use the DNS server of the mobile carrier as the destination IP address for
the test messages (Pings).
The Enable traffic monitoring option can be used to reduce the number of
messages that are sent to test the PPP connection. When this parameter is set, the router
will monitor the interface for any packets different from a ping. If a response to the packet is
received within the timeout specified by the Ping Timeout parameter, then the router knows
that the connection is still active. If the router does not receive a response within the timeout
period, it will attempt to test the PPP connection using standard Ping commands.
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Example of the VRRP protocol:
Main router
Virtual server ID 5
Host priority 255
APN 1
192.168.1.2
ETH
192.168.1.1
10.0.1.3
APN 2
192.168.1.3
Backup router
Virtual server ID 5
Host priority 100
Fig. 15: Network Topology for VRRP configuration example
Fig. 16: Example VRRP configuration – main router
Fig. 17: Example VRRP configuration – backup router
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1.10. Mobile WAN configuration
The SPECTRE RT industrial router does not display the Mobile WAN Configuration option.
Select the Mobile WAN menu item to enter the cellular network configuration page.
1.10.1. Cellular Carrier Selection
The SPECTRE 3G Cellular Router can be configured to communicate on up to 2
UMTS or CDMA cellular networks. This allows the router to switch to a second carrier
network if there is a problem with the primary network. The router can only communicate on
one cellular network at a time and if redundancy is not required, then only one account needs
to be activated. For UMTS networks, the account information will be on the SIM card
provided by the carrier. For CDMA networks, the account is provisioned by the network
provider and a SIM card is not required.
The cellular carrier is selected using the Cellular WAN configuration page. The router
supports AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, T-Mobile, and Rogers Cellular networks. Verizon and Sprint
have CDMA networks and the others are GSM networks. The default carrier is set to a
generic UMTS provider.
1.10.2. GSM/UMTS connection
If the Create PPP connection option is selected, the router will automatically try
to establish a PPP connection after power up. If the attempt is unsuccessful, the router will
re-boot and try again. For GSM/UMTS networks, the following network information can be
configured. In most cases, the necessary information will be included on the SIM card
provided by the carrier and these fields can be left empty or at their default values. Please
contact your cellular network provider for more information.
Item
APN
Username
Password
Authentication
IP Address
Phone
Number
Operator
Network type
PIN
Description
Network identifier (Access Point Name)
User name to log into the GSM network.
Password to log into the GSM network.
Authentication protocol in GSM network
PAP or CHAP – Router is chose either authentication method.
PAP – Router will use PAP authentication.
CHAP – Router will use CHAP authentication.
IP address of SIM card. (Required if a static IP address was assigned by
the cellular carrier.)
Telephone number to dial a GPRS or CSD connection. Router uses *99***1
# as the default telephone number.
PLNM code for the network operator
Automatic selection – The router will automatically select the
network type
Depending upon the type of router, it is also possible to select a
specific method of data transmission (GPRS, EDGE, UMTS …).
PIN code for the SIM card. (Only required if the SIM card has been locked
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with a PIN to prevent unauthorized access)
(Maximum Receiving Unit) – The maximum packet size that can be
received in a given environment. Default value is 1500 bytes. Other
settings may cause incorrect transmission of data.
(Maximum Transmission Unit) – The maximum packet size that can be
transmitted in a given environment. Default value is 1500 bytes. Other
settings may cause incorrect transmission of data.
Table 14: GPRS connection configuration
If the IP address field is not filled in, the network operator will automatically assign an
IP address when the connection is established. If a static IP address is supplied by the
operator, the time required to connect to the network will be reduced.
If the APN field is not filled in, the router will automatically select the APN based on the
IMSI code of the SIM card. If the PLMN of the cellular carrier is not in the APN list, then
default APN is “internet“. Contact your mobile operator to determine if the APN information
must be entered.
Access to the SIM card may be blocked if the PIN code for a locked SIM is entered
incorrectly. Contact technical support if your SIM card becomes blocked.
If only one SIM card is installed in the router, the router switches between the APNs on
the SIM card. A router with two SIM cards switches between SIM cards.
The items marked with an ‘*’ should only be entered if they are required by the cellular
network operator. If the router is unable to establish a PPP connection, verify that the
network settings have been entered correctly. You may also try a different
authentication method or network type.
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1.10.3. DNS address configuration
If Get DNS address from operator option is selected, the router will automatically
attempt to get an IP address for the primary and secondary DNS servers from the network
operator.
1.10.4. Check PPP connection configuration
You may set the Check PPP connection flag to enable automatic test messages for
the cellular network. In some cases, the PPP connection may still be active but the router will
not be able to send data over the cellular network. The router will send a Ping command to
the Ping IP Address at periodic time intervals (Ping Interval) If the router does not receive a
response to the Ping command, it will retry up to the number of times specified by the Ping
Probes parameter. After that time, it will switch itself to a backup router until the PPP
connection is restored.
Item
Ping IP Address
Ping Interval
Description
Destination IP address or domain name for the ping queries.
Time intervals between the outgoing pings.
Table 15: Check PPP connection configuration
If the Enable Traffic Monitoring option is selected, the router stops sending ping
questions to the Ping IP Address and it will watch traffic in PPP connection. If PPP
connection is without traffic longer than the Ping Interval, then the router sends ping
questions to the Ping IP Address.
Note: It is recommended that you enable Check PPP Connection to ensure reliable data
communication.
1.10.5. Data limit configuration
The router can be configured to automatically send an SMS message or switch to a
backup SIM card if the amount of data sent or received exceeds a given threshold for the
monthly billing period.
Item
Data limit
Warning
Threshold
Accounting Start
Description
With this parameter, you can set the maximum expected amount of data
transmitted (sent and received) over the cellular network in one billing
period (month).
Percentage of Data Limit (50% to 99%). The router will send an SMS
message with Router has exceeded (value of Warning Threshold)
of data limit in the message text when this threshold is exceeded.
Sets the day of the month in which the billing cycle starts for the SIM
card being used. The start of the billing period is determined by the
network operator.
Table 16: Data limit configuration
If neither one of the options Switch to backup SIM card when data limit is
exceeded (see next) or Send SMS when data limit is exceeded (see SMS configuration) is
selected, the data limit will be ignored.
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1.10.6. Switch between SIM cards configuration
You may define rules in the router for switching between two APNs on one SIM card
or between two SIM cards, if two SIM cards are inserted. The router can automatically switch
between the SIM cards if the active PPP connection is lost, the data limit is exceeded, or the
binary input on the front panel goes active.
Item
Default SIM card
Backup SIM card
Description
This parameter sets the default APN or SIM card for the PPP
connection. If this parameter is set to none, the router boots up in offline mode and it will be necessary to initiate the PPP connection by
sending an SMS message to the router.
Defines the backup APN or SIM card.
Table 17: Default and backup SIM configuration
If parameter Backup SIM card is set to none, then the parameters Switch to other
SIM card when connection fails, Switch to backup SIM card when roaming is detected
and Switch to backup SIM card when data limit is exceeded will switch the router to offline mode.
Item
Switch to other SIM
card when
connection fails
Switch to backup
SIM card when
roaming is detected
Switch to backup
SIM card when data
limit is exceeded
Switch to backup
SIM card when
binary input is active
Switch to primary
SIM card after
timeout
Description
If the PPP connection fails, the router will switch to the secondary
SIM card or secondary APN of the SIM card. The router will switch to
the backup SIM card if the router is unable to establish a PPP
connection after 3 attempts or the Check the PPP connection option
is selected and the router detects that the PPP connection has failed.
If roaming is detected, this option forces the router to switch to the
secondary SIM card or secondary APN of the SIM card.
This option enables the router to switch to the secondary SIM card or
secondary APN of the SIM card when the data limit of default APN is
exceeded.
This parameter forces the router to switch to the secondary SIM card
or secondary APN of the SIM card when binary input „bin0‟ is active.
This parameter defines the method the router will use to try to switch
back to the default SIM card or default APN.
Table 18: Switch between SIM card configurations
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The following parameters define the amount of time that must elapse before the
router will attempt to go back to the default SIM card or APN.
Item
Initial timeout
Subsequent
Timeout
Additive constant
Description
The first attempt to switch back to the primary SIM card or APN shall
be made after the time defined in the parameter Initial Timeout. The
range of this parameter is from 1 to 10000 minutes.
After an unsuccessful attempt to switch to the default SIM card, the
router will make a second attempt after the amount of time defined in
the parameter Subsequent Timeout. The range is from 1 to 10000
minutes.
Any further attempts to switch back to the primary SIM card or APN
shall be made after a timeout computed as the sum of the previous
timeout period and the time defined in the parameter Additive
constants. The range is from 1 to 10000 minutes.
Table 19: Switch between SIM card configurations
Example: Option Switch to primary SIM card after timeout is checked and the parameters
are set as follows: Initial Timeout = 60 min. Subsequent Timeout = 30 min. Additive
Constant = 20 min.
The first attempt to switch back to the primary SIM card or APN shall be carried out after 60
minutes. The second attempt will be made 30 minutes later. The third attempt will be made
after 50 minutes (30+20). The fourth attempt will be made after 70 minutes (30+20+20).
1.10.7. Dial-in Access
The router can be accessed over a CSD connection by using the Enable Dial-In Access
feature. The router will require a Username and Password if the fields are not blank. If this
feature is enabled, the router will wait 2 minutes for an incoming CSD connection after a PPP
connection attempt fails. If there are no connection attempts after this time, the router will try
again to establish a PPP connection.
Item
Username
Password
Description
User name for secured Dial-In access.
Password for secured Dial-In access.
Table 20: Dial-In access configuration
1.10.8. PPPoE bridge mode configuration
If the Enable PPPoE bridge mode option is selected, the router will activate the
PPPoE bridge protocol. PPPoE (point-to-point over ethernet) is a network protocol for
encapsulating Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) frames inside Ethernet frames. This feature
allows a device connected to the ETH port of the router to create a PPP connection with the
cellular network.
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You must click “Apply” to apply changes.
Fig. 18: Cellular WAN configuration
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A configuration example for checking the PPP connection is shown in Figure 19. The
router will monitor the traffic over the PPP connection. When the router is using SIM card 1, it
will ping address 8.8.8.8 if there is no receive traffic on the PPP connection for 60s. If the
router is using the secondary SIM card, it will ping www.google.com after 80 seconds of
inactivity on the PPP link.
Fig. 19: Example of GPRS configuration 1
Figure 20 shows an example of how to configure the router to automatically switch to
the backup SIM card when it exceeds the data limit of 800MB in the billing period. It will send
out a warning SMS message when 400MB of data have been transmitted. The billing period
begins on the 18th day of the month.
Fig. 20: Example of GPRS configuration 2
Example: Configuring the router to switch to offline mode when it detects that it is
roaming. The first attempt to switch back to the default SIM card is made after 60 minutes,
the second after 40 minutes, the third after 50 minutes (40 +10)...
Fig. 21: Example of GPRS configuration 3
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1.11. PPPoE configuration
The SPECTRE 3G router does not support the PPPoE configuration option.
PPPoE (Point-to-Point over Ethernet) is a network protocol where PPP frames are
encapsulated in Ethernet frames. The PPPoE feature in the SPECTRE RT industrial router
operates in client mode. The router will connect to a PPPoE server or a PPPoE bridge device
such as an ADSL modem.
To enter the PPPoE configuration, select the PPPoE menu item. If the Create
PPPoE connection option is selected, the router will attempt to establish a PPPoE
connection on power up. The PPPoE client will connect to devices that support either a
PPPoE bridge or a PPPoE server. After a PPPoE connection is established, the router
obtains the IP address of the PPPoE Server device and all communications from the device
are forwarded to the industrial router.
Item
Username
Password
Authentication
MRU
MTU
Description
Username for secure access to PPPoE
Password for secure access to PPPoE
Authentication protocol in GSM network
PAP or CHAP – Router is chosen one of the authentication
methods.
PAP – It is used PAP authentication method.
CHAP – It is used CHAP authentication method.
(Maximum Receiving Unit) – The maximum packet size that can be
received in the given environment. Default value is set to 1492 bytes.
Other settings may cause incorrect data transmission.
(Maximum Transmission Unit) – The maximum packet size that can be
transmitted in the given environment. Default value is set to 1492 bytes.
Other settings may cause incorrect data transmission
Table 21: PPPoE configuration
Fig. 22: PPPoE configuration
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1.12. Firewall configuration
The router firewall can be configured to only allow certain hosts to access the router
and internal LAN network or it can only allow traffic on a certain IP port to pass through to the
internal network. Up to 8 filters can be defined when the Allow remote access only from
specified hosts option is selected. The following parameters can be defined for each
filter: Source, Source IP Address, Protocol and Target Port.
Item
Source
Source IP
address
Protocol
Target Port
Description
single address – allows access to only the specific IP address
defined in the Source IP Address
any address – allowed access to any IP address
Host IP address that is allowed to access the router.
Protocols allowed for remote access
all – access is allowed by all
TCP – access is allowed by TCP
UDP - access is allowed by UDP
ICMP access is allowed by ICMP
The port number for forwarding to the internal network.
Table 22: Firewall configuration
Caution! The firewall does not filter traffic received over the Ethernet ports.
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Example firewall configuration:
The router has allowed the following access:
from host address 171.92.5.45 using any protocol
from host address 10.0.2.123 using TCP protocol on any ports
from host address 142.2.26.54 using ICMP protocol
TCP/1000
ALL
10.0.2.123
171.92.5.45
ICMP
142.2.26.54
Fig. 23: Network Topology of example firewall configuration
Fig. 24: Example firewall configuration
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1.13. NAT configuration
NAT (Network address Translation / Port address Translation - PAT) is a method of
sharing a single external IP address among many internal hosts. It also helps prevent
unauthorized access to the internal network. To enter the Network Address Translation
configuration, select the NAT menu item. Up to sixteen NAT rules may be defined.
Item
Public Port
Private Port
Type
Server IP address
Description
Public port
Private port
Protocol selection
IP address which will be forwarded incoming data.
Table 23: NAT configuration
If you need to setup more than 16 NAT rules, insert the following statement into the
startup script:
iptables -t nat -A napt -p tcp --dport [PORT_PUBLIC] -j DNAT --to-destination
[IPADDR]:[PORT1_PRIVATE]
The IP address parameter [IPADDR] and port parameters [PORT_PUBLIC]
and [PORT1_PRIVATE] must be filled in with the desired information.
The following option can be used to route all incoming traffic from the PPP to a single
internal host address.
Item
Send all incoming packets
to default server
Default Server
Description
Select this item to route all traffic received over the PPP
connection to a single IP address on the internal network.
Send all incoming packets to this IP address.
Table 24: Configuration of send all incoming packets
You can also specify which ports to use for access to the router using common
protocols. In most cases, the default port for each protocol should not be changed.
Item
Enable remote HTTP
access on port
Enable remote
HTTPS access on
port
Enable remote FTP
access on port
Enable remote SSH
access on port
Enable remote Telnet
access on port
Enable remote SNMP
access on port
Masquerade outgoing
packets
Description
Select this option to allow access to the router using HTTP.
Select this option to allow access to the router using HTTPS.
Select this option to allow access to the router using FTP.
Select this option to allow access to the router using SSH.
Select this option to allow access to the router using Telnet.
Select this option to allow access to the router using SNMP.
Select this option to turn on NAT.
Table 25: Remote access configuration
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Example NAT configuration with one host connected to the router:
162.209.13.222
ppp0 10.0.0.1
eth0 192.168.1.1
IP 192.168.1.2
Default gateway
192.168.1.1
Fig. 25: Topology for NAT configuration example
Fig. 26: Example NAT configuration 1
In this configuration, it is important to select Send all remaining incoming packets to
default server.
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Example NAT configuration with additional connected equipment:
SWITCH
162.209.13.222
10.0.0.1:8
1
ppp0 10.0.0.1
10.0.0.1:8
2
192.168.1.2:80
10.0.0.1:8
3
192.168.1.3:80
192.168.1.4:80
Fig. 27: Topology of example NAT configuration
Fig. 28: Example of NAT configuration 2
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1.14. OpenVPN tunnel configuration
Select the OpenVPN item in the menu to configure an OpenVPN tunnel. OpenVPN is
a protocol which is used to create a secure connection between two LANs. Up to 2
OpenVPN tunnels may be created.
Item
Create
Description
Edit
Description
Enables the individual tunnels.
Displays the name of the tunnel specified in the configuration of the tunnel.
Select to configure an OpenVPN tunnel.
Table 26: Overview of OpenVPN tunnels
Fig. 29: OpenVPN tunnel configuration
Item
Description
Description
Description of tunnel.
Protocol
Protocol by which the tunnel will communicate.
UDP – OpenVPN will communicate using UDP.
TCP server – OpenVPN will communicate using TCP in server
mode.
TCP client – OpenVPN will communicate using TCP in client
mode.
UDP/TCP port
Remote IP
Address
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet
Mask
Redirect Gateway
Port by which the tunnel will communicate.
IP address of the opposite side of the tunnel. Can be used domain
name.
Network IP address of the opposite side of the tunnel.
Subnet mask of the opposite side of the tunnel.
It is possible to redirect all traffic on Ethernet.
Local Interface IP
Address
IP address of the local side of tunnel.
Remote Interface
IP Address
IP address of interface local side of tunnel.
Ping Interval
Ping Timeout
Parameter (in seconds) defines how often the router will send a
message to the remote end to verify that the tunnel is still connected.
Parameter which defines how long the router will wait for a response to
the ping (in seconds). Ping Timeout must be larger than Ping
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Interval.
Renegotiate
Interval
Parameter
sets
the
renegotiation
period
(reauthorization)
for the OpenVPN tunnel. After this time period, the router will reestablish the tunnel to ensure the continued security of the tunnel.
Max Fragment
Size
Defines maximum packet size.
Compression
none – No compression is used.
LZO – Lossless LZO compression. Compression has to be
selected on both tunnel ends.
NAT Rules
not applied – NAT rules are not applied to OpenVPN tunnel.
applied – NAT rules are not applied to OpenVPN tunnel.
Authenticate Mode
none – is used any authentication mode
Pre-shared secret – enables authentication using pre-shared
secret keys. Both sides of the tunnel must use the same key
Username/password – enables authentication using CA
Certificate, Username and Password
X.509 Certificate (multiclient) – enables authentication by CA
Certificate, Local Certificate and Local Private Key
X.509 Certificate (client) – enables authentication by CA
Certificate, Local Certificate and Local Private Key
X.509 Certificate (server) - enables authentication by CA
Certificate, Local Certificate and Local Private Key
Pre-shared Secret
Authentication using Pre-shared secret keys can be used in all
authentication modes.
CA Certificate
This authentication certificate can be used in authentication mode
Username/password and X.509 certificate.
DH Parameters
DH parameters can be used in authentication mode X.509 server.
Local Certificate
This authentication certificate can be used in authentication mode
X.509 certificate.
Local Private Key
Local private key can be used in authentication mode X.509 certificate.
Username
Authentication using a login name and password authentication can be
used in the Authenticate Mode Username/Password.
Password
Extra Options
Use parameter Extra Options to define additional parameters of the
OpenVPN tunnel, for example DHCP options etc.
Table 27: OpenVPN configuration
Press the Apply button to apply changes.
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Fig. 30: OpenVPN tunnel configuration
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Example of the OpenVPN tunnel configuration:
A
B
192.168.1.2
192.168.2.2
Router B
ppp0 10.0.0.2
192.168.2.0
tun 0 19.16.2.0
Router A
ppp0 10.0.0.1
192.168.1.0
tun0 19.16.1.0
Switch
Switch
192.168.1.3
192.168.2.3
192.168.1.4
192.168.2.4
Default Gateway 192.168.2.1
Default Gateway 192.168.1.1
Fig. 31: Topology of example OpenVPN configuration
OpenVPN tunnel configuration:
Configuration
Protocol
UDP Port
Remote IP Address
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet Mask
Local Interface IP Address
Remote Interface IP Address
Compression
Authenticate mode
A
B
UDP
1194
10.0.0.2
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
19.16.1.0
19.16.2.0
LZO
none
UDP
1194
10.0.0.1
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
19.16.2.0
19.18.1.0
LZO
none
Table 28: Example OpenVPN configuration
Examples of different options for configuration and authentication of OpenVPN can be
found in the OpenVPN tunnel configuration manual.
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1.15. IPSec tunnel configuration
Select the IPsec item in the menu to configure an IPsec tunnel. IPsec is a protocol
which is used to create a secure connection between two LANs. Up to 4 IPsec tunnels may
be created.
Item
Create
Description
Edit
Description
This item enables the individual tunnels.
This item displays the name of the tunnel specified in the configuration
of the tunnel.
Select to configure an IPsec tunnel.
Table 29: Overview IPsec tunnels
Fig. 32: IPsec tunnels configuration
Item
Description
Remote IP
Address
Remote ID
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet
Mask
Local ID
Local Subnet
Local subnet mask
Key Lifetime
IKE Lifetime
Rekey Margin
Rekey Fuzz
DPD Delay
DPD Timeout
NAT traversal
Aggressive mode
Description
Description of tunnel.
IP address or domain name of the remote host.
Identification of remote host. The ID contains two parts: a hostname
and a domain-name.
Remote Subnet address
Remote Subnet mask
Identification of local host. The ID contains two parts: a hostname and
a domain-name.
Local subnet address
Local subnet mask
Lifetime key data part of tunnel. The minimum value of this parameter
is 60s. The maximum value is 86400 s.
Lifetime key service part of tunnel. The minimum value of this
parameter is 60s. The maximum value is 86400 s.
Specifies the amount of time before the connection will be reestablished. The maximum value must be less than half of the
parameters IKE and Key Lifetime.
Specifies the maximum percentage by which the Rekey Margin should
be randomly increased to randomize re-keying intervals
Defines time after which IPsec tunnel verification occurs
Defines the timeout (in seconds) for a DPD response.
If address translation between two end points of the IPsec tunnel is
used, it needs to allow NAT Traversal
If this parameter is enabled, the IPsec tunnel will be connected faster,
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but encryption will set permanently on 3DES-MD5.
Authenticate Mode
Pre-shared Key
CA Certificate
Remote Certificate
Local Certificate
Local Private Key
Local Passphrase
Extra Options
Defines the authentication mode:
Pre-shared key - shared key for both sides.
X.509 Certificate Shared key for both sides of the tunnel
This certificate is necessary for Authentication mode x.509.
This certificate is necessary for Authentication mode x.509.
This certificate is necessary for Authentication mode x.509.
This private key is necessary for Authentication mode x.509.
This Local Passphrase is necessary for Authentication mode x.509.
Use this parameter to define additional parameters of the IPsec
tunnel, for example security parameters etc.
Table 30: IPsec tunnel configuration
The certificates and private keys have to be in PEM format.
The random time, after which it will exchange new keys, is defined as follows:
Lifetime - (Rekey margin + random value in range (from 0 to Rekey margin * Rekey Fuzz/100))
By default, the time for the exchange of keys is between:
Minimum time:
Maximum time:
1h - (9m + 9m) = 42m
1h - (9m + 0m) = 51m
In most cases, the settings should be left at their default values.
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Fig. 33: IPsec tunnel configuration
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Example of IPSec Tunnel configuration:
A
192.168.1.2
B
Router B
ppp0 10.0.0.2
192.168.2.0
Router A
ppp0 10.0.0.1
192.168.1.0
Switch
192.168.2.2
Switch
192.168.1.3
192.168.2.3
192.168.1.4
192.168.2.4
Default Gateway 192.168.1.1
Default Gateway 192.168.2.1
Fig. 34: Topology of example IPsec configuration
IPsec tunnel configuration:
Configuration
Remote IP Address
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet Mask
Local Subnet
Local Subnet Mas:
Authenticate mode
Pre-shared key
A
10.0.0.2
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
pre-shared key
test
B
10.0.0.1
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
pre-shared key
test
Table 31: Example IPsec configuration
Examples of the different options for configuration and authentication of IPsec can be
found in the IPsec tunnel configuration manual.
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1.16. GRE tunnels configuration
Select the GRE item in the menu to configure a GRE tunnel. GRE is a protocol which
is used to create a secure connection between two LANs. Up to 4 GRE tunnels may be
created.
Item
Create
Description
Edit
Description
This item enables the individual tunnels.
This item displays the name of the tunnel specified in the configuration
of the tunnel.
Configure the GRE tunnel.
Table 32: Overview GRE tunnels
Fig. 35: GRE tunnels configuration
Item
Description
Remote IP
Address
Local Interface IP
Address
Remote Interface
IP Address
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet
Mask
Pre-shared Key
Description
Description of tunnel.
IP address of the remote side of the tunnel
IP address of the local side of the tunnel
IP address of the remote side of the tunnel
IP address of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
Subnet Mask of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
An optional value that defines a 32 bit shared key for data encryption.
This key must be the same on both routers.
Table 33: GRE tunnel configuration
Fig. 36: GRE tunnel configuration
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Example of the GRE Tunnel configuration:
A
B
192.168.1.2
192.168.2.2
Router B
ppp0 10.0.0.2
eth0 192.168.2.1
Router A
ppp0 10.0.0.1
eth0 192.168.1.1
Switch
Switch
192.168.1.3
192.168.2.3
192.168.1.4
192.168.2.4
Default Gateway 192.168.2.1
Default Gateway 192.168.1.1
Fig. 37: Topology of GRE tunnel configuration
GRE tunnel Configuration:
Configuration
Remote IP Address
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet Mask
A
B
10.0.0.2
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
10.0.0.1
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
Table 34: Example GRE tunnel configuration
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1.17. L2TP tunnel configuration
Select the L2TP item in the menu to configure an L2TP tunnel. L2TP is a protocol
which is used to create a secure connection between two LANs. Only one L2TP tunnel may
be created.
Item
Mode
Server IP Address
Client Start IP
Address
Client End IP
Address
Local IP Address
Remote IP
Address
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet
Mask
Username
Password
Description
L2TP tunnel mode on the router side
L2TP server - For a server, you must define the start and end
IP address range offered by the server
L2TP client – For a client, you must enter the IP address
of the server
IP address of server
Start IP address in range, which is offered by server to clients
End IP address in range, which is offered by server to clients
IP address of the local side of the tunnel
IP address of the remote side of the tunnel
Address of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
The mask of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
Username for login to L2TP tunnel
Password for login to L2TP tunnel
Table 35: L2TP tunnel configuration
Press the Apply button to apply changes.
Fig. 38: L2TP tunnel configuration
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Example of the L2TP Tunnel configuration:
A
192.168.1.2
B
Router B
ppp0 10.0.0.2
192.168.2.1
Router A
ppp0 10.0.0.1
192.168.1.1
Switch
192.168.2.2
Switch
192.168.1.3
192.168.2.3
192.168.1.4
192.168.2.4
Default Gateway 192.168.1.1
Default Gateway 192.168.2.1
Fig. 39: Topology of example L2TP tunnel configuration
Configuration of the L2TP tunnel:
Configuration
Mode
Server IP Address
Client Start IP Address
Client End IP Address
Local IP Address
Remote IP Address
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet Mask
Username
Password
A
L2TP Server
--192.168.1.2
192.168.1.254
192.168.1.1
--192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
username
password
B
L2TP Client
10.0.0.1
--------192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
username
password
Table 36: Example L2TP tunnel configuration
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1.18. PPTP tunnel configuration
Select the PPTP item in the menu to configure a PPTP tunnel. PPTP is a protocol
which is used to create a secure connection between two LANs. Only one PPTP tunnel may
be created.
Item
Mode
Server IP Address
Local IP Address
Remote IP
Address
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet
Mask
Username
Password
Description
PPTP tunnel mode on the router side
PPTP server - For a server, you must define the start and end
IP address range offered by the server
PPTP client – For a client, you must enter the IP address
of the server
IP address of server
IP address of the local side of the tunnel
IP address of the remote side of the tunnel
Address of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
The mask of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
Username for login to PPTP tunnel
Password for login to PPTP tunnel
Table 37: PPTP tunnel configuration
Press the Apply button to apply changes.
Fig. 40: PPTP tunnel configuration
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Example of the PPTP Tunnel configuration:
A
192.168.1.2
B
Router B
ppp0 10.0.0.2
192.168.2.1
Router A
ppp0 10.0.0.1
192.168.1.1
Switch
192.168.2.2
Switch
192.168.1.3
192.168.2.3
192.168.1.4
192.168.2.4
Default Gateway 192.168.1.1
Default Gateway 192.168.2.1
Fig. 41: Topology of example PPTP tunnel configuration
Configuration of the PPTP tunnel:
Configuration
Mode
Server IP Address
Local IP Address
Remote IP Address
Remote Subnet
Remote Subnet Mask
Username
Password
A
PPTP Server
--192.168.1.1
--192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
username
password
B
PPTP Client
10.0.0.1
----192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
username
password
Table 38: Example PPTP tunnel configuration
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1.19. DynDNS client configuration
The router supports DynamicDNS using a DNS server on www.dyndns.org. DynDNS
client Configuration can be called up by selecting option DynDNS item in the menu.
Item
Hostname
Username
Password
Server
Description
Third order domain registered on server www.dyndns.org
Username for login to DynDNS server
Password for login to DynDNS server
If you want to use a different DynDNS service than www.dyndns.org, enter the
update server service in this parameter. If this item is left blank, the router uses
the default server members.dyndns.org.
Table 39: DynDNS configuration
Example of the DynDNS client configuration with domain conel.dyndns.org:
Fig. 42: Example of DynDNS configuration
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1.20. NTP client configuration
NTP (Network Time Protocol) allows the router to set its internal clock using a
network time server. The NTP client Configuration can be called up by selecting option NTP
item in the menu.
If option Enable local NTP service is selected, the router will function as an NTP
server for other devices on the LAN.
Item
Primary NTP
Server Address
Secondary NTP
Server Address
Timezone
Daylight Saving
Time
Description
IP or domain address primary NTP server.
IP or domain address secondary NTP server.
Sets the time zone of the router
Define time shift:
No - time shift is disabled
Yes - time shift is allowed
Table 40: NTP configuration
Example of the NTP configuration with primary (ntp.cesnet.cz) and secondary
(tik.cesnet.cz) NTP servers and with daylight saving time:
Fig. 43: Example of NTP configuration
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1.21. SNMP configuration
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) provides status information
about network elements such as routers or end computers. The router supports SNMP agent
Version 1. To enter the SNMP Configuration, select the SNMP item from the configuration
menu.
Item
Community
Contact
Name
Location
Description
Password for access to the SNMP agent.
How to contact the person who manages the router.
Designation of the router.
Location of the router.
Table 41: SNMP configuration
Select the Enable I/O extension option to monitor the binary input (I/O) on the router.
Select the Enable XC-CNT extension to monitor the status of the expansion port
CNT inputs and outputs.
Item
Baud rate
Parity
Stop Bits
Description
Communication speed.
Control parity bit:
none – Data will be sent without parity.
even – Data will be sent with even parity.
odd - Data will be sent with odd parity.
Number of stop bits.
Table 42: SNMP configuration
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Every monitor value is uniquely identified by a number identifier OID (Object
Identifier). For the binary input and output the following range of OIDs is used:
OID
Description
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.3.1.0
Binary input BIN0 (values 0,1)
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.3.2.0
Binary output OUT0 (values 0,1)
Table 43: Object identifier for binary input and output
For the expansion port CNT, the following range of OID is used:
OID
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.1.0
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.2.0
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.3.0
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.4.0
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.5.0
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.6.0
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.7.0
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.8.0
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.9.0
Description
Analogy input AN1 (range 0-4095)
Analogy input AN2 (range 0-4095)
Counter input CNT1 (range 0-4294967295)
Counter input CNT2 (range 0-4294967295)
Binary input BIN1 (values 0,1)
Binary input BIN2 (values 0,1)
Binary input BIN3 (values 0,1)
Binary input BIN4 (values 0,1)
Binary output OUT1 (values 0,1)
Table 44: Object identifier for CNT port
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Example of SNMP settings and readout:
Fig. 44: Example of SNMP configuration
Fig. 45: Example of the MIB browser
It is important to set the IP address of the SNMP agent (router) in the field Remote
SNMP agent. After entering the IP address, it is possible show object identifiers.
The path to the objects is:
iso->org->dod->internet->private->enterprises->conel->protocols.
The path to information about the router is:
iso->org->dod->internet->mgmt->mib-2->system
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1.22. SMTP configuration
The SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) client is used to send emails.
Item
SMTP Server
Address
Username
Password
Own Email
Address
Description
IP or domain address of the mail server.
Name to email account.
Password to email account.
Address of the sender.
Fig. 46: SMTP client configuration
The mobile operator may block other SMTP servers. If this occurs, then you must use
the SMTP server of the operator.
Example settings for the SMTP client:
Fig. 47: SMTP configuration
An E-mail can be sent from the Startup script. The following command is used to
send emails with following parameters.
-t
receiver Email address
-s
subject
-m
message
-a
appendix
-r
number of attempts to send email (default set 2 attempts)
Commands and parameters can be entered only in lowercase.
Example to send email:
email –t name@domain.com –s “subject“ –m “message“ –a c:\directory\abc.doc –r 5
This command sends an e-mail message to address jack@google.com with the
subject “subject”, body message “message” and annex “abc.doc” right from the directory
c:\directory\ and will attempt 5 times to send the message.
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1.23. SMS configuration
Note: The SPECTRE RT industrial router does not support SMS messaging configuration.
The SPECTRE 3G router can automatically send SMS messages to a cell phone or
SMS message server when certain events occur. The SMS Configuration page allows the
user to select which events will generate an SMS message.
Item
Send SMS on power up
Send SMS on PPP
connect
Send SMS on PPP
disconnect
Send SMS when
datalimit exceeded
Send SMS when binary
input on I/O port (BIN0)
is active
Send SMS when binary
input on expansion port
(BIN1-BIN4) is active
Add timestamp to SMS
Phone Number 1
Phone Number 2
Phone Number 3
Unit ID
BIN0 - SMS
BIN1 - SMS
BIN2 - SMS
BIN3 - SMS
BIN4 - SMS
Description
Send an SMS message when the router powers up
Send an SMS message when the PPP connection is active.
Send an SMS message on PPP disconnection.
Send an SMS message when the data limit is exceeded.
Send an SMS message when the binary input on the I/O port
(BIN0) goes active. The text of the message is set using
parameter BIN0.
Send an SMS message when a binary input on the I/O expansion
port (BIN1-BIN4) is active. The text of the message is set using
parameters BIN1 - BIN4.
Adds a time stamp to the sent SMS messages. The timestamp
has the format YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss.
The telephone numbers that the SMS messages will be sent to.
The name of the router that is included in the SMS messages.
User-defined Text field 0 for the SMS messages.
User-defined Text field 1 for the SMS messages.
User-defined Text field 2 for the SMS messages.
User-defined Text field 3 for the SMS messages.
User-defined Text field 4 for the SMS messages.
Table 45: Send SMS configuration
You can also control the function of the router by sending SMS messages to the
device. The router can be commanded to go online or offline via an SMS message or to
switch to the alternate SIM card or provider. The binary outputs can also be set or reset
using SMS. The Enable remote control via SMS option must be selected to enable this
feature. Up to three numbers can be configured for incoming SMS messages. If the Enable
remote control via SMS option is set, all incoming SMS messages are processed by the
router and deleted.
Item
Phone Number 1
Phone Number 2
Phone Number 3
Description
Allowed phone numbers for incoming SMS messages.
Table 46: Control via SMS configuration
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Note: If no phone number is filled in, the router will accept incoming messages from all
phone numbers. If any phone numbers are entered into the list, the router will only accept
SMS messages which originate from those numbers.
Control SMS messages cannot change the router configuration. Any changes made
to the router by an SMS message will only remain in effect until the router is restarted. After a
reboot, the router configuration will return to the settings in non-volatile memory. For
example, if the router is switched offline by an SMS message, the router will remain offline
until the next time it is power cycled or re-booted.
To control the router using SMS, the message text must contain the control
command. Table 48 lists the SMS control messages that are supported.
SMS Control Message
go online sim 1
go online sim 2
go online
go offline
set out0=0
set out0=1
set out1=0
set out1=1
set profile std
set profile alt1
set profile alt2
set profile alt3
reboot
get ip
Description
Switch to SIM1 card
Switch to SIM2 card
Switch router in online mode
PPP connection termination
Set binary I/O output to 0
Set binary I/O output to 1
Set binary output on port 1 to a 0
Set binary output on port 1 to a 1
Set standard profile
Set alternative profile 1
Set alternative profile 2
Set alternative profile 3
Router reboot
Router will send an SMS message back with the IP address from
the SIM card.
Table 47: SMS Control Commands
You may send and receive SMS messages using either the serial expansion ports or
a TCP connection over the Ethernet network. For serial communication, the baud rate must
be set to match the attached host. Select option Enable AT-SMS protocol on expansion
port 1 to allow messages to be sent and received using serial port 1.
Item
Baud rate
Description
Communication speed expansion port 1
Table 48: Send SMS on serial PORT1 configuration
Select option Enable AT-SMS protocol on expansion port 2 to allow messages to
be sent and received using serial port 2.
Item
Baud rate
Description
Communication speed expansion port 2
Table 49: Send SMS on serial PORT2 configuration
It is also possible to send and receive SMS messages over a TCP/IP connection by
choosing Enable AT-SMS protocol on TCP port. The TCP port used for sending and
receiving SMS messages must be entered into the configuration field.
Item
TCP Port
Description
TCP port on which will be allowed to send/receive SMS messages.
Table 50: Send SMS on Ethernet Port configuration
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1.23.1. Send SMS
Standard AT commands are used to send and receive SMS messages over the serial
ports or a TCP connection. They can be sent to the router using a terminal program such as
Hyper Terminal. After establishing a connection with the router via the serial interface or
Ethernet, AT commands are used to read and delete incoming messages and send outgoing
messages. Table 52 lists the AT commands that are used for sending and receiving SMS
messages.
AT commands
AT+CMGF=1
AT+CMGS=”tel. number”
AT+CMGL=ALL
AT+CMGR=<index>
AT+CMGD=<index>
Description
Set the text mode for SMS writing
Commands enables to send SMS on entered tel. number
List of all SMS messages
Read of the definite SMS (all SMS has our index)
SMS delete according to index
Table 51: AT commands to send and receive SMS messages
In order to send an SMS message, text mode must first be selected by sending the
command AT+CMGF=1 to the router.
Command: AT+CMGF=1
Response: OK
The SMS message is created and sent using the command AT+CMGS=”tel.
number” where tel. number is the telephone number to send the message to. After
pressing the Enter button, the router will respond with a „>‟ prompt and the text of the SMS
message can be entered. After entering the text, press CTRL+Z to send the message. It may
take a few minutes for the SMS message to be sent depending on the network. You may
cancel SMS text input by pressing Esc.
Example: To send “Hello World” to telephone number 712-123-4567
Command: AT+CMGS=”7121234567”
Press Enter
Response: >
Enter SMS Text: Hello World!
Press CTRL+Z (keys combination)
Response: OK
To see a list of all incoming messages, type:
Command: AT+CMGL=”ALL”
Press Enter
Response: +CMGL: <index>, <status>,<sender number>, ,<date>,<time>
SMS text.
where <index> is ordinal number of the message,
<status> is SMS status:
REC UNREAD – SMS unread
REC READ – SMS read
STO UNSENT – stored unsent SMS
STO SENT – stored sent SMS
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ALL – all SMS messages
<sender number> tel. number from which the SMS was received.
<date> date SMS message received,
<time> time SMS message received.
Example:
+CMGL: 1,“REC UNREAD“,“+420721123456“, ,“08/02/02, 10:33:26+04“
Hello World!
To read a single SMS message, use AT+CMGR=<index> where index is the
number of the SMS message.
Example:
Command: AT+CMGR=1
Press Enter
Response: +CMGL: 1,“REC READ“,“+420721123456“, ,“08/01/12, 9:48:04+04“
Hello World!
To delete a received SMS message, use AT+CMGD=<index> where index is the
number of the message to delete.
To delete message 1:
Command: AT+CMGD=1
Response: OK
Press Enter
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The format of the Router Power-On SMS message is as follows:
Router (Unit ID) has been powered up. GSM signal strength –xx dBm.
The format of the Router PPP connection SMS message is as follows:
Router (Unit ID) has established PPP connection. IP address xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
After a PPP disconnect, the router will send an SMS message in the form:
Router (Unit ID) has lost PPP connection. IP address xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
SMS Configuration Example:
Fig. 48: Example of SMS configuration 1
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Router configuration for sending SMS messages via the serial interface on PORT1:
Fig. 49: Example of SMS configuration 2
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Example of the router configuration for accepting SMS messages from every phone number:
Fig. 50: Example of SMS configuration 3
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Example of the router configuration for accepting SMS messages from two phone
numbers:
Fig. 51: Example of SMS configuration 4
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1.24. Expansion port configuration
You may send and receive data from a serial port on Auxiliary Port 1 or 2 using UDP
or TCP protocol on the Ethernet network.
Item
Baud rate
Data Bits
Parity
Stop Bits
Split Timeout
Protocol
Mode
Server
Address
TCP Port
Description
Communication speed.
Number of data bits.
Control parity bit
none
even
odd
Number of stop bits.
Inter-character Timeout. If no characters are received within this amount
of time, any buffered characters will be sent over the Ethernet port.
Protocol:
TCP
UDP
Mode of connection:
TCP server - The router will listen for incoming TCP connection
requests.
TCP client - The router will connect to a TCP server
on the specified IP address and TCP port.
When set to TCP client above, it is necessary to enter the Server
address and TCP port.
The TCP port for connections.
Table 52: Expansion PORT configuration 1
If the Check TCP connection is selected, the router will automatically send TCP
keep-alive messages to verify that the connection is still valid.
Item
Keepalive Time
Keepalive Interval
Keepalive Probes
Description
Time between sending keep-alive packets
Keep-alive Response Tiimeout
Number of attempts before connection is down
Table 53: TCP Keep-Alive Configuration
It the option Use CD as indicator of the TCP connection is selected, the router will
activate the DTR output when a TCP connection is active.
CD
Active
Nonactive
Description
TCP connection is on
TCP connection is off
Table 54: CD signal description
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Select Use DTR as control of TCP connection to use DTR to control when TCP
connections are allowed. (CD on the router).
DTR
Active
Nonactive
Description server
Description client
The router will accept a TCP connection. Router creates a TCP connection.
The router does not accept incoming Router ends the TCP connection.
TCP connections.
Table 55: DTR signal description
Press the Apply button to apply changes.
Fig. 52: Expansion port configuration
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Example of external port configuration:
PC
PLC
ppp0 10.0.0.2
ETH
ppp0 10.0.0.1
192.168.1.1
RS232
192.168.1.100
Settings in application on PC:
TCP connection on 10.0.0.2:2000
Settings in the router
Mode:
TCP server
Server Address: TCP Port:
2000
Default Gateway 192.168.1.1
Fig. 53: Example of expansion port configuration 1
PLC
PC
ppp0 10.0.0.2
RS-232
RS232
ppp0 10.0.0.1
Settings in the router
Mode:
TCP server
Server Address: TCP Port:
2000
Settings in the router
Mode:
TCP client
Server Address: 10.0.0.2
TCP Port:
2000
Fig. 54: Example of expansion port configuration 2
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1.25. USB port configuration
Select the USB Port item in the configuration menu to bring up the USB
configuration page. A USB to RS-232 converter can be used to send data out of the
serial port from the Ethernet network.
Item
Baud rate
Data Bits
Parity
Stop Bits
Split Timeout
Protocol
Mode
Server
Address
TCP Port
Description
Applied communication speed.
Number of data bits.
Control parity bit
none
even
odd
Number of stop bit.
Inter-character Timeout (ms). If no characters are received within this
amount of time, any buffered characters will be sent out of the USB port.
Communication protocol:
TCP - communication using a linked protocol TCP
UDP - communication using a unlinked protocol UDP
Mode of connection:
TCP server - The router will listen to incoming requests regarding
the TCP connection.
TCP client - The router will connect to a TCP server
on the specified IP address and TCP port.
In mode TCP client it is necessary to enter the Server address and final
TCP port.
In both modes of connection it is necessary to specify the TCP port on
which the router will communicate TCP connections.
Table 56: USB port configuration 1
If the Check TCP connection is selected, the router will automatically send TCP
keep-alive messages to verify that the connection is still valid.
Item
Keepalive Time
Keepalive Interval
Keepalive Probes
Description
Time between sending keep-alive packets
Keep-alive Response Tiimeout
Number of attempts before connection is down
Table 57: USB PORT configuration 2
It the option Use CD as indicator of the TCP connection is selected, the router will
activate the DTR output when a TCP connection is active.
CD
Active
Nonactive
Description
TCP connection is on
TCP connection is off
Table 58: CD signal description
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Select Use DTR as control of TCP connection to use DTR to control when TCP
connections are allowed. (CD on the router).
DTR
Active
Nonactive
Description server
Description client
The router will accept a TCP connection. Router creates a TCP connection.
The router does not accept incoming Router ends the TCP connection.
TCP connections.
Table 59: DTR signal description
Supported USB/RS-232 converters:
FTDI
Prolific PL2303
Silicon Laboratories CP210×
Fig. 55: USB configuration
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Example of USB port configuration:
Equipment
PC
ppp0 10.0.0.2
ppp0 10.0.0.1
192.168.1.1
ETH
USB/RS-232
192.168.1.100
Settings in application on PC:
TCP connection on 10.0.0.2:2000
Settings in the router
Mode:
TCP server
Server Address: TCP Port:
2000
Default Gateway 192.168.1.1
Fig. 56: Example of USB port configuration 1
Equipment
PC
ppp0 10.0.0.2
USB/RS-232
ETH
ppp0 10.0.0.1
Settings in the router
Mode:
TCP server
Server Address: TCP Port:
2000
Settings in the router
Mode:
TCP client
Server Address: 10.0.0.2
TCP Port:
2000
Fig. 57: Example of USB port configuration 2
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1.26. Startup script
Use the Startup Script window to create your own scripts which will be executed
after all of the initialization scripts are run.
Fig. 58: Startup script
Any changes to the startup scripts will take effect the next time the router is power
cycled or rebooted.
Example of Startup script: When the router starts up, stop syslogd program and start
syslogd with remote logging on address 192.168.2.115 and limited to 100 entries.
Fig. 59: Example of Startup script
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1.27. Up/Down script
Use the Up/Down Script window to create scripts which will run when the PPP
connection is started or goes down. Any scripts entered into the Up script window will run
after a PPP/WAN connection is established. Script commands entered into the Down Script
window will run when the PPP/WAN connection is lost.
Fig. 60: Up/Down script
Example of UP/Down script: After establishing or losing a PPP connection, the router
sends an email with information about the PPP connection.
Fig. 61: Example of Up/Down script
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1.28. Automatic update configuration
The SPECTRE router can be configured to automatically check for firmware updates
from an FTP site or a web server and update its firmware or configuration information. Use
the Automatic update menu to configure the automatic update settings. It is also possible
to update the configuration and firmware through the USB host connector of the router.
If the Enable automatic update of configuration option is selected, the router will
check if there is a configuration file on the remote server, and if the configuration in the file is
different than its current configuration, it will update its configuration to the new settings and
reboot. If the Enable automatic update of firmware option is checked, the router will look
for a new firmware file and update its firmware if necessary.
Item
Source
Base URL
Unit ID
Update Hour
Description
Select the location of the update files:
HTTP/FTP server – Remote file server.
USB flash drive - Router will check for firmware or configuration
files in the root directory of the connected USB device.
Both – Router will check for new firmware or configuration files in
both places.
Base URL or IP address from which the configuration file will be
downloaded.
Name of configuration. If the Unit ID of the router is not filled in, then the
MAC address of the router will be used as the default file name. (The
delimiter in a MAC address is a colon instead of a dot.)
Automatic configuration update starts 5 minutes after turning on the router
and then every 24 hours at the Update Hour.
Table 60: Automatic update configuration
The configuration file name is from parameter Base URL, hardware MAC address
of ETH0 interface and cfg extension. Hardware MAC address and cfg extension are added to
the file name automatically and it isn‟t necessary to enter them. When using parameter Unit
ID, the hardware MAC address in the name will not be used.
The firmware file name is named parameter Base URL, type of router and bin
extension.
It is necessary to load both files (.bin and .ver) to the HTTP/FTP server. If only the
.bin file is uploaded and the HTTP server sends the incorrect answer of 200 OK (instead of
expected 404 Not Found) when the device tries to download the nonexistent .ver file, then
there is a risk that the router will download the .bin file over and over again.
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The following examples check for new firmware or configurations each day at 1:00
a.m.. An example is given for the SPECTRE 3G router.
Firmware:
http://router.cz/spectre3g.bin
Configuration file:
http://router.cz/temelin.cfg
Fig. 62: Example of automatic update 1
The following examples check for new firmware or configurations each day at 1:00
a.m. An example is given for the SPECTRE 3G router with MAC address 00:11:22:33:44:55.
Firmware:
http://router.cz/spectre3g.bin
Configuration file:
http://router.cz/00.11.22.33.44.55.cfg
Fig. 63: Example of automatic update 2
1.29. User modules
You may run custom software programs in the router to enhance the features of the
router. Use the User Modules menu item to add new software modules to the router, to
remove them, or to change their configuration. Programming, compiling, and uploading user
software modules are described in the application programming guide.
Fig. 64: User modules
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1.30. Change profile
Up to three alternate router configurations or profiles can be stored in router nonvolatile memory. You can save the current configuration to a router profile through the
Change Profile menu item. Select the alternate profile to store the settings to and ensure
that the Copy settings from current profile to selected profile box is checked. The current
settings will be stored in the alternate profile after the Apply button is pressed. Any changes
will take effect after restarting router through the Reboot menu in the web administrator or
using an SMS message.
Example of usage profiles: Profiles can be used to switch between different modes of
operation of the router such as PPP connection, VPN tunnels, etc. It is then possible to
switch between these settings using the front panel binary input, an SMS message, or Web
interface of the router.
Fig. 65: Change profile
1.31. Change password
You may change the router password using the Change Password menu item. The
new password will be saved after pressing the Apply button.
The default password is “root”. It is recommended that you change the password
during initial setup for higher security.
Fig. 66: Change password
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1.32. Set real time clock
You may update the router‟s internal clock at any time using a NTP server by
selecting the Set Real Time Clock menu item. Enter the IP address or domain name of the
NTP Server and click Apply to set the clock.
Fig. 67: Set real time clock
1.33. Set SMS service center address
The SPECTRE RT industrial router does not support the Set SMS service center
address option.
The SMS service center phone number is normally programmed into the SIM card by the
carrier and does not need to be manually entered. However, in some cases, it may be
necessary to set the phone number of the SMS service center in order to send SMS
messages. This parameter cannot be set if the SIM card already contains the SMSC
information. The phone number can be entered with or without an international prefix. For
example: +420 xxx xxx xxx. If you are unable to send or receive SMS messages, contact
your carrier to find out if this parameter is required. This parameter is provisioned
automatically by the carrier on CDMA networks and does not need to be manually entered.
Fig. 68: Set SMS service center address
1.34. Unlock SIM card
The SPECTRE RT industrial router does not support the Unlock SIM card option.
You may lock the SIM card with a 4-8 digit PIN (Personal Identification Number) code
to prevent unauthorized use of the SIM card. The PIN code must be entered each time that
the SIM card is powered up. The SPECTRE 3G router supports the use of SIM card with a
PIN number. Enter the PIN number into the SIM PIN field on the configuration page and
select Apply.
Access to the SIM card is blocked if the PIN code is incorrectly entered 3 times.
Contact technical support if the SIM card has been blocked.
Fig. 69: Unlock SIM card
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1.35. Send SMS
The SPECTRE RT industrial router does not support the Send SMS option.
You can send an SMS message from the router to test the cellular network. To send
an SMS message, select Send SMS from the configuration menu. Enter the phone number
and text of the message into the text boxes and click the Send button. It may take a few
seconds to send the message.
Fig. 70: Send SMS
It is also possible to send an SMS message using an HTTP request in the form:
GET /send_exec.cgi?phone=%2B420712345678&message=Test HTTP/1.1
Authorization: Basic cm9vdDpyb290
The HTTP request will be sent to TCP connection on router port 80. Router sends an
SMS message with text “Test”. SMS is sent to phone number “”420712345678”.
Authorization is in the format "user:password" coded by BASE64. In the example is used for
root:root.
1.36. Backup configuration
You may save the current router configuration to a file using the Backup
Configuration menu item. It is recommended that you save the current configuration before
a firmware update.
1.37. Restore configuration
You may restore the router configuration from a file using the Restore Configuration
menu item.
Fig. 71: Restore configuration
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1.38. Update firmware
Select the Update Firmware menu item to view the current router firmware version and
load new firmware into the router. To load new firmware, browse to the new firmware file and
press the Update button to begin the update. Do not turn off the router during the firmware
update.
Fig. 72: Update firmware
During the firmware update, the router will show the following messages:
After the firmware update, the router will automatically reboot.
Note: Do not turn off the router during the firmware update.
1.39. Reboot
The router can be rebooted remotely through the web interface. To reboot the router,
select the Reboot menu item and then press the Reboot button.
Fig. 73: Reboot
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2.
Attention! The SPECTRE 3G router cannot operate unless there is a SIM card
installed or the carrier has been provisioned. The account must be provisioned for data
communication.
Monitoring of status, configuration and administration of the router can be performed
by means of the Telnet interface. The default IP address of the modem is 192.168.1.1.
Configuration may be performed only by the user "root" with initial password "root".
The following commands may be used to configure the router over Telnet:
Command
Description
cat
cp
date
df
dmesg
echo
email
free
gsmat
gsminfo
gsmsms
hwclock
ifconfig
io
ip
iptables
kill
killall
ln
ls
mkdir
mv
ntpdate
passwd
ping
ps
pwd
reboot
rm
rmdir
route
service
sleep
slog
tail
tcpdump
touch
vi
display file
copy a file
show/change system time
Display information about file system
kernel diagnostic messages
string write
Email send
Display information about available memory
Send an AT commend
Display information about signal quality
SMS send
display/change of time in RTC
display/change of interface configuration
reading/writing input/output pins
display/change of route table
display/modification of NetFilter rules
Kill process kill
Kill all processes
link create
dump directory contents
create file
Move file
synchronize system time with NTP server
password change
ICMP ping
display process information
display directory contents
Reboot
file delete
directory delete
display/change route table
start/stop a service
pause number of seconds
display system log
display file end
monitoring of network
file create/change time stamp
text editor
Table 61: Telnet commands
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