Flammable Vapor Ignition Resistant Water Heater
SERVICE
MANUAL
Troubleshooting Guide
and Instruction for Service
(To be performed ONLY by qualified service providers)
For the Bradford White
Defender Safety System™
Models:
MI30T*F(BN,CX)2
MI30S*F(BN,CX)2
MI303T*F(BN,CX)2
MI40T*F(BN,CX)2
MI403S*F(BN,CX)2
MI404T*F(BN,CX)2
MI503*F(BN,CX)2
MI50L*F(BN,CX)2
MI504S*F(BN,CX)2
M430T*F(BN,CX)2
M4403S*F(BN,CX)2
M4403T*F(BN,CX)2
M450S*F(BN,CX)
M1XR403S*F(BN,CX)2
M1XR504T*F(BN,CX)2
M2XR504T*F(BN,CX)2
M2C504T*F(BN,CX)
50T65F(BN,CX)
(*) Denotes Warranty Years.
Manual 44943A
Save this manual for future reference
Flammable Vapor Ignition Resistant Water Heater
Table of Contents
Page
Service Procedure
Introduction
3
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Trouble shooting Chart
4
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Inner Door Gasket Removal, Inspection, Replacement and Installation
5
RG-I
Thermocouple Testing and Replacement
8
RG-II
Pilot Assembly Inspection Cleaning and Replacement
10
RG-III
Piezo Igniter and Electrode Testing
11
RG-IV
Combination Thermostat/Gas Valve Testing and Replacement
12
RG-V
Burner Operation Inspection, Adjustment, Cleaning and Replacement
17
RG-VI
Resettable Thermal Switch Testing and Replacement
20
RG-VII
ScreenLok Flame Arrestor Cleaning
22
RG-VIII
Dip Tube and Anode Inspection and Replacement
23
RG-IX
Generic Parts List
25
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2
Introduction
The Bradford White DEFENDER Safety System™
The Bradford White DEFENDER Safety System was designed to resist the ignition of flammable
vapors that can occur outside of the water heater. Use and installation are nearly identical to
previous versions of atmospherically fired and vented water heaters. A number of exclusive
design features are incorporated in the system that will require additional knowledge on the part
of the qualified service provider. The following information will instruct service professionals on
the function, proper diagnosis and repair of water heaters employing the Bradford White
DEFENDER Safety System .
TM
How the Safety System Works™
During normal operation, air for combustion is drawn into the water heater through the
openings in the jacket. This air travels down and around the combustion chamber and enters
through holes in the very bottom of the corrosion-resistant combustion chamber. The air then
travels up through the oriented flame arrestor plate louvers, where the velocity of the air is
increased and its direction altered. The air then mixes in a normal manner with supplied gas
and is efficiently combusted, producing very low NOx emissions. In the unlikely event trace
amounts of flammable vapors are present in the air flowing into the combustion chamber, the
vapors are harmlessly ignited by the burner / pilot flame. If flammable vapors are in sufficient
quantity to prevent normal combustion, the burner / pilot flame is shut down. Should the
flammable vapors continue to burn, the flame arrestor plate prevents the flames from traveling
backwards and igniting vapors outside of the combustion chamber. The calibrated,
multipurpose thermal switch recognizes this and shuts down the pilot and main burner. This
switch also deactivates the burner and pilot in the unlikely event of restricted airflow caused by
severe lint, dust or oil accumulation on the arrestor plate. If accumulation occurs, the
ScreenLok flame arrestor can be easily cleaned and when the inner door is properly secured
the unit can then be placed in operation. A cleaning procedure is included in this service
manual.
3
Troubleshooting Chart
Flammable Vapor Ignition Resistant Water Heaters
SERVICE
PROCEDURE
SYMPTOM
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Pilot Will
Not Light
1. No incoming gas or too
low gas pressure.
2. Gas control knob set
to wrong position.
3. Pilot light button not being fully
depressed when attempting to
light pilot.
4. Pilot orifice or pilot tube is
obstructed or kinked.
5. Pilot electrode not sparking to pilot.
6. Piezo igniter not functioning.
1. Turn on gas supply and/or check line pressure.
2. Review lighting instruction.
Set combination/thermostat gas valve to correct
position.
3. Review lighting instruction. Fully depress pilot
lighting button.
4. Clean, repair or replace.
5. Verify correct electrode position.
Replace pilot assembly.
6. Replace Piezo igniter.
1. Poor thermocouple connection at
combination thermostat/gas valve.
2. Thermocouple not fully engaged in
pilot assembly bracket.
3. Pilot flame is not fully enveloping the
thermocouple “hot” junction.
4. Weak or defective thermocouple.
5. Open ECO on combination
thermostat/gas valve.
6. Defective magnet in combination
thermostat/gas valve.
7. Resettable thermal switch has
opened.
1. Check connection at combination thermostat/gas
valve. Proper tightness should be finger tight
plus 1/4 turn.
2. Inspect thermocouple to ensure that it is fully
4. See Service Procedure
engaged into pilot bracket.
RG-II, Page 8.
3. Adjust tip of thermocouple to be fully engulfed
by pilot flame.
5. See ServiceProcedure
4. Check thermocouple and replace if necessary.
RG-V, Page 13.
5. Check ECO continuity and replace combination
thermostat/gas valve if necessary.
6. See Service Procedure
6. Check magnet operation and replace
RG-V, Page 13.
combination thermostat/gas valve if necessary.
7. Determine cause of switch activation. To reset,
depress button on resettable thermal switch
located on inner door.
1. Combination thermostat/gas valve
set too low for desired water temp.
2. Combination thermostat/gas valve
temperature is satisfied.
3. Insufficient gas supply or low gas
pressure.
4. Combination thermostat/gas valve
has wide differential or is out of
calibration.
1. Adjust temperature dial on combination
thermostat/gas valve.
2. Check temperature dial setting on combination
thermostat/gas valve.
3. Check gas supply and line pressure.
4. Check combination thermostat/gas valve for
proper operation, replace if necessary.
Pilot goes out
periodically
(after heating
cycles, once a
day, once a
week etc.)
1. Insufficient combustion air supply.
2. Incorrect, clogged vent system/ vent
terminal or location.
3. Inconsistent gas supply or gas
pressure.
1. Verify adequate combustion air is available to the
unit. Check and clear Jacket slot openings of any
dirt, dust, restrictions or other obstructions.
1. See Service Procedure
Inspect flame arrestor plate and clean with stiff
RG-VIII, Page 22.
bristled brush and/or vacuum to remove any
debris accumulation.
3. See Service Procedure
2. Check venting for proper sizing and proper
RG-V, Page 12.
operation
3. Check gas supply and line pressure.
Not enough
hot water
1. Combination thermostat/gas valve
set too low for desired water temp.
2. Cold inlet water temp. is very cold.
3. High demand periods.
4. Incorrectly sized water heater for
application.
5. Combination thermostat/gas valve is
out of calibration/not functioning.
6. Out of spec dip tube is diluting hot
water with cold water.
1. Check dial on combination thermostat/gas valve.
2. Extremely cold water going into the heater will
decrease the amount of hot water produced.
It may be necessary to temper incoming water
supply.
3. Adjust high demand usage.
4. Contact Plumbing professional.
5. Check combination thermostat/gas valve for
proper operation, replace if necessary.
6. Inspect dip tube and replace if necessary.
Pilot will not
stay lit when
button is
released
Pilot will light
but the main
burner will
not come on
4
1. See Service Procedure
RG-V, Page 12.
4. See Service Procedure
RG-III, Page 10.
5. See Service Procedure
RG-III, Page 10.
6. See Service Procedure
RG-IV, Page 11.
2. See Installation
& operation manual.
3. See Service Procedure
RG-V, Page 12.
4. See Service Procedure
RG-V, Page 12.
5. See Service Procedure
RG-V, Page 12
6. See Service Procedure
RG-IX, Page 23
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I
Inner Door/Gasket Removal, Inspection
Replacement and Reinstallation
Inner Door Removal Procedure
Step 1.
Step 2.
Step 3.
Rotate knob of the combination thermostat/gas valve to the “OFF” position.
Remove outer jacket burner access door
Inner Door Removal.
a) Disconnect resettable thermal switch wire leads
(leading from combination thermostat/gas valve).
b) Remove (2) 1/4" hex drive screws from right side inner door.
c) Remove (2) 1/4" drive screws from flange section of inner door.
d) Remove (2) 1/4" drive screws from left side inner door.
e) Remove inner door and inspect per step 4.
Resettable Thermal Switch
Wire Connection
1/4" Hex Drive Screws at
Flange Area of Inner Door
1/4" Hex Drive Screws
Right and Left Side Inner Door
Step 4.
Fully inspect inner door gaskets for the following:
>Tears
>Other imperfections that will inhibit proper seal
>Missing Material
>Gasket adhesion to inner door
>Cracks
>Material left on combustion chamber (around opening)
>Dirt or debris
If the gasket is not effected by any of the above, gasket replacement is not required.
If replacement is required, proceed to Inner Door Gasket Replacement Procedure.
Inner Door Gasket Replacement Procedure
! WARNING
If the information in these instructions is not followed exactly, a fire or
explosion may result causing property damage, personal injury or death.
Step 5.
After inspection of inner door as noted in step 4, completely remove gasket and adhesive
residue from right and left side inner doors as needed.
Step 6.
Use RTV sealant (recommended bead size 1/8") to secure the inner door gasket to the inner
door sections (right & left). Refer to illustration on next page for proper application. Note the
overlap configuration in the flange area of the inner door. Set the flange section first, this will
help to achieve the proper over lap position.
5
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I
Inner Door/Gasket Removal, Inspection
Replacement and Reinstallation
Installation of Inner Door with Gasket
Step 7.
Clean any residual gasket residue or other debris
from combustion chamber surface before
installing the inner door/gasket assembly.
Step 8.
Place the left side inner door into position first.
Firmly position the radiused channel of the inner
door around the feedline. Using the 1/4” hex
drive screws from step 3d, secure left side inner
door in place.
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN SCREWS.
Step 9.
Position thermocouple, pilot tube and Piezo wire
against left side inner door flange gasket.
DO NOT ROUTE THROUGH RADIUSED
CHANNEL WITH FEEDLINE.
Radiused Channel for Feedline
6
!! WARNING
Stripped fastener connections may
allow for seal breach of inner door. A
seal breach may result in a fire or
explosion causing property damage,
personal injury or death. Do not over
tighten screws in steps 8, 10 and 11.
If a fastener connection is stripped,
contact the manufacturer listed on the
water heater rating plate.
Position thermocouple,
pilot tube and Piezo wire
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I
Inner Door/Gasket Removal, Inspection
Replacement and Reinstallation
Step 10.
Firmly place right side inner door flange against the left side inner door flange and secure with two
1/4” drive screws from step 3c. DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN SCREWS.
Step 11.
Align right side inner door to combustion chamber and verify the fastener holes of the combustion
chamber are aligned with the right side inner door slotted opening. Verify seal integrity around combustion chamber opening. Secure right side inner door using 1/4” hex drive screws from step 3b.
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN SCREWS. Verify both left and right sides of the inner door are properly
positioned and sealed against the combustion chamber.
Verify threaded hole
alignment with slotted
openings in inner door
Secure flange with
1/4" drive screws
Step 12.
Reconnect lead wires from combination thermostat/gas valve to resettable thermal switch (See photo
in step 3). Note, wire terminations are interchangeable with either resettable thermal switch
connections.
Step 13.
Replace outer jacket burner access door.
Step 14.
To resume operation follow the instructions located on the lighting instruction label or the lighting
instructions located in the installation and operation manual.
7
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-II
Thermocouple Testing and Replacement
Closed Circuit Thermocouple Testing
Step 1.
Disconnect thermocouple from combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 2.
Connect a thermocouple adapter (BWC P/N 239-44642-00,
Robertshaw P/N 75036) at the thermocouple location in the
combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 3.
Reconnect thermocouple to adapter. make certain all connections
are tight (finger tight plus 1/4 turn)
Step 4.
Using a multimeter capable of measuring millivolts, connect one
alligator clip to the set screw of the adapter, and the other alligator
clip to copper portion of the thermocouple.
Step 5.
Following the lighting instruction label on the heater, proceed to
light the pilot and allow to operate for three minutes. If the pilot
will not stay lit, hold the red reset button (located on the
combination thermostat/gas valve) down during this test.
Step 6.
If meter reads 13 millivolts or higher, the thermocouple is OK. If reading is below13 millivolts replace
the thermocouple.
Open Circuit Thermocouple Testing
Step 1.
Disconnect thermocouple from combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 2.
Using a multimeter capable of measuring millivolts, connect one
alligator clip to the end ball or contact portion of the
thermocouple, and the other alligator clip to copper portion of the
thermocouple.
Step 3.
Following the lighting instruction label on the heater, proceed to
light the pilot and allow to operate for three minutes. It will be
necessary to hold the red reset button continuously
throughout this test. If meter reads 20 millivolts or higher, the thermocouple is OK. If reading is
below20 millivolts, replace the thermocouple.
8
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-II
Thermocouple Testing and Replacement
Thermocouple Replacement
Step 1.
Turn off gas supply to water heater. Rotate knob of combination
thermostat/gas valve to “OFF” position.
Step 2.
Remove outer jacket door.
Step 3.
Remove right side of inner door per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I,
steps 3a through 3c.
Step 4.
Disconnect thermocouple from combination thermostat/gas valve (3/8" wrench). Locate other end of
thermocouple inside of combustion chamber and remove from pilot bracket. Pull firmly pulling away
from the pilot assembly.
Step 5.
Install new thermocouple into pilot bracket making certain the
thermocouple is fully engaged into the pilot bracket. Position
thermocouple against left side inner door flange at its original
position. Connect other end of thermocouple to combination
thermostat/gas valve (finger tight + 1/4 turn).
Make certain thermocouple is
fully engaged into bracket
Position thermocouple,
in its original position
Step 6.
Inspect inner door gasket per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I, Step 4.
Step 7.
Install right side inner door per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I, Step 10 through Step 13.
Step 8.
To resume operation follow the instructions located on the lighting instruction label or the lighting
instructions located in the installation and operation manual.
9
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-III
Pilot Assembly Inspection,
Cleaning and Replacement
Pilot/Electrode Assembly Inspection,
Cleaning and Replacement
Step 1.
Turn off gas supply to water heater. Rotate knob of combination
thermostat/gas valve to “OFF” position.
Step 2.
Remove outer jacket door.
Step 3.
Remove right side of inner door per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I,
steps 3a through 3c.
Step 4.
Step 5.
Disconnect thermocouple from combination thermostat/gas valve (3/8"
wrench). Disconnect pilot tube from combination thermostat/gas valve
(7/16" wrench). Disconnect feedline from combination thermostat/gas valve
(3/4" wench).
Primary Air
Disconnect Piezo ignition wire from Piezo igniter.
Opening
Step 6.
Remove burner assembly from combustion chamber.
Step 7.
Remove pilot/electrode assembly from feedline (1/4" drive tool).
Step 8.
Inspect pilot for the following: (not required if replacing with new pilot)
a) Primary air openings for blockage. Must be free from any debris
(dirt, lint, etc).
b) Kinks or cracks in the pilot tube. If found, the tubing must be replaced.
Step 9.
Inspect pilot orifice: (not required if replacing with new pilot)
a) Remove 1/2" nut from bottom of pilot assembly.
b) Remove pilot tube and pilot orifice.
c) inspect pilot orifice for blockage, must be cleaned or replaced.
Step 10.
Install pilot/electrode assembly to feedline, secure with screw from step 7.
Step 11.
Re-Install burner assembly into combustion chamber, connect feedline, pilot tube and thermocouple to
combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 12.
Install inner door per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I, step 4 through 13.
Step 13.
To resume operation follow the instructions located on the lighting instruction label or the lighting
instructions located in the installation and operation manual.
10
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-IV
Piezo Igniter, Electrode
Testing and Replacement
Piezo Igniter, Electrode Testing and Replacement
With the pilot not in operation (no pilot flame) you can check the Piezo and electrode circuit by viewing pilot thru the
sight glass located on the inner door and observing the spark action.
Step 1.
Remove outer jacket door.
Step 2.
Repeatedly depress the Piezo igniter while viewing the pilot thru the sight glass. If a spark is present,
the circuit is OK. If there is no spark, proceed to step 3.
Repeatedly
Depress Piezo
Igniter
View spark
Action through
Sight glass
Step 3.
Remove orange wire from Piezo igniter and install a jumper wire in its place. Hold the other end of the
jumper by the wire insulation or using an insulated tool, next to an unpainted surface such as the feed
line or gas valve and depress the Piezo igniter. If there is a spark, the igniter is OK, the pilot is not
functioning and must be replaced, see SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-III for pilot replacement. If no spark is
present the igniter is not functioning and must be replaced.
Step 4.
With orange wire disconnected from Piezo igniter. Using a common screw driver, place blade of screw
driver under Piezo bracket and gently pry bracket from front of combination thermostat/ gas valve and
unhook bracket from rear of combination thermostat/gas valve.
Common
Screw Driver
11
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-V
Combination Thermostat/Gas Valve
Testing and Replacement
Combination Thermostat/Gas Valve Testing and Replacement
The combination thermostat/gas valve is a non repairable device. If trouble shooting has determined a problem with
the combination thermostat/gas valve, it must be replaced. If the burner and/or pilot do not function, service checks
for gas pressure, thermocouple output, magnet assembly and ECO are to be performed. If these check OK, the
combination thermostat/gas valve may be faulty.
LINE PRESSURE
The combination thermostat/gas valve is designed for a maximum line pressure of 14.0" w.c. and a minimum line pressure of 1.0"w.c. over the water heater rated manifold pressure.
MANIFOLD PRESSURE TESTING (this procedure assumes a maximum line pressure of 14.0" w.c.)
Step 1.
Set combination thermostat/gas valve to “OFF” position.
Step 2.
Remove pressure tap plug (3/16" Allen wrench) and install pressure tap (7/16 wrench)
Pressure Tap
Shown Installed
Step 3.
Connect manometer to pressure tap.
Step 4.
Follow lighting instructions and proceed to light main burner.
Step 5.
Manometer gauge should read 4.0" w.c. for Natural gas and 10.0" w.c. for L.P. gas.
Step 6.
If adjustment is necessary proceed to step 7. If pressure is OK, set combination thermostat/gas valve
to “OFF” remove manometer and pressure tap and replace pressure tap plug. Check for gas leaks
before placing water heater back in operation.
Step 7.
While burner is in operation, remove regulator access cap to expose the regulator adjusting screw .
With small screw driver, rotate adjusting screw clockwise to increase pressure and counter clockwise to
decrease pressure.
Step 8.
Set combination thermostat/gas valve to “OFF”. Remove manometer and pressure tap and replace
pressure tap plug. Check for gas leaks before placing water heater back in operation.
12
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-V
Combination Thermostat/Gas Valve
Testing and Replacement
THERMOCOUPLE TESTING
See SERVICE PROCEDURE II
MAGNET ASSEMBLY TESTING
Step 1.
Disconnect thermocouple from combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 2.
Connect a thermocouple adapter (BWC P/N 239-44642-00, Robertshaw
P/N 75036) at the thermocouple location in the combination
thermostat/gas valve.
Step 3.
Reconnect thermocouple to adapter. Make certain all connections are tight
(finger tight plus 1/4 turn).
Step 4.
Using a multimeter capable of measuring millivolts, connect one alligator clip
to the set screw of the adapter and the other alligator clip to copper portion
of the thermocouple.
Step 5.
Following the lighting instruction label on the heater, proceed to light the
pilot and allow to operate for three minutes.
Step 6.
With a meter reading of 13 millivolts or greater, rotate knob of combination
thermostat/gas valve to the “OFF” position.
Step 7.
The magnet should remain closed for a drop of at least 5 millivolts. You will here a “snap” or “click”
sound when the magnet opens, if you hear this sound prior to a drop of 5 millivolts, the magnet is
out of specification and the combination thermostat/gas valve should be replaced.
ECO (Energy Cut Off) TESTING
Step 1.
Disconnect thermocouple from combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 2.
Using a multimeter capable of measuring Ohms (or continuity), attach one
lead (alligator clip) to the pilot tube. Insert the other lead (probe) fully into
the magnet opening, Be sure the probe makes contact only at the top center
of the magnet opening. Do not allow the probe to make contact with the
threaded sides of the opening.
Step 3.
If continuity is indicated, the ECO is OK. If continuity is not indicated, the ECO has opened and the
combination thermostat/gas valve must be replaced.
13
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-V
Combination Thermostat/Gas Valve
Testing and Replacement
COMBINATION THERMOSTAT/GAS VALVE REPLACEMENT
Step 1.
Rotate knob of the combination thermostat/gas valve to the “OFF” position.
Step 2.
Turn off gas supply to water heater.
Step 3.
Disconnect gas supply line from combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 4.
Turn off water supply and drain water heater completely.
Step 5.
Remove outer jacket burner access door.
Step 6.
Right side inner door removal.
a) Disconnect resettable thermal switch wire leads (leading from combination
Thermostat/Gas Valve) and remove wire tie from feedline.
b) Remove (2) 1/4" hex drive screws from right side inner door.
c) Remove (2) 1/4" drive screws from flange section of inner door.
d) Remove right side inner door and set aside. Be careful not to damage gasket
material on inner door.
Remove Wire Tie
Resettable Thermal Switch
Wire Connection
1/4" Hex Drive Screws shown
on Right Side Inner Door
1/4" Hex Drive Screws at
Flange section of Inner Door
14
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-V
Combination Thermostat/Gas Valve
Testing and Replacement
Step 7.
Removal of combination thermostat/gas valve.
a) Disconnect main burner feedline
(3/4” wrench), pilot tube (7/16"
wrench) and thermocouple (3/8"
wrench) from combination
thermostat/gas valve & remove
from the combustion chamber.
Refer to
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-IV
to remove Piezo igniter
b) Remove Piezo bracket with Piezo
igniter (refer to SERVICE
PROCEDURE RG-IV) from
combination thermostat/gas valve.
c) Remove combination thermostat/gas valve from heater, rotating counter clockwise using an
appropriately sized wrench. Use caution not to damage cast aluminum body of combination
thermostat/gas valve.
Step 8.
Installation of combination thermostat/gas valve.
a) Install new combination thermostat/gas valve. Be certain not to damage the bundled wire leads.
Note: combination thermostat/gas valve must be installed in proper upright position to
assure the feedline will align properly at the inner door flange.
b) Reattach Piezo bracket with Piezo igniter to combination thermostat/gas valve.
c) Reattach main burner feedline, pilot tube and thermocouple to combination thermostat/gas valve.
d) Gather wire leads of combination thermostat/gas valve and Piezo igniter and secure along side of
feedline using new wire tie provided.
Step 9.
Reinstallation of inner door assembly.
a) Prior to reinstallation of inner door, fully inspect inner door gasket for the following:
> Tears
> Gasket Adhesion to inner door
> Missing material
> Other imperfections that will inhibit proper seal
> Cracks
> Material left on combustion chamber
> Dirt or debris
If the gasket is not affected by any of the above, gasket replacement will not be required.
If replacement is required, replace using new gasket kit following the instructions provided with kit.
15
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-V
Combination Thermostat/Gas Valve
Testing and Replacement
Step 9.
Reinstallation of inner door assembly. (cont.)
b) Clean any gasket residue or other debris from combustion chamber surface before installing
the inner door/gasket assembly.
c) Position thermocouple, pilot tube and Piezo wire against left side inner door flange gasket.
DO NOT ROUTE THROUGH RADIUSED CHANNEL WITH FEEDLINE. Be sure that
thermocouple and pilot tube are not in position to interfere with outer jacket burner access door
when reinstalled.
!! WARNING
Position thermocouple,
pilot tube and Piezo wire
A seal breach may result in a fire or
explosion causing property damage,
personal injury or death.
d) Firmly place right side inner door flange against the left side inner door flange and secure with two
1/4” hex drive screws from step 6c. DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN SCREWS.
e) Align right side inner door to combustion chamber and verify the fastener holes of the combustion
chamber are aligned with the right side inner door slotted openings. Verify seal integrity around
combustion opening. Secure right side inner door using 1/4” hex drive screws from step 6b.
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN SCREWS. Verify both left and right sides of the inner door are properly
positioned and sealed against the combustion chamber.
Secure flange with
1/4" drive screws
Verify threaded hole
alignment with slotted
openings in inner door
Step 10.
Reconnect wire leads from combination thermostat/gas valve to resettable thermal switch (See photo
in step 6). Note: wire terminations are interchangeable with either resettable thermal switch connection.
Step 11.
Replace outer jacket burner access door.
Step 12.
Reconnect gas supply to combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 13.
Resume water supply to water heater. Be sure tank is full of water.
Step 14.
To resume operation follow the instructions located on the lighting instruction label or the lighting
instructions located in the installation and operation manual.
16
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-VI
Burner Operation Inspection,
Adjustment, Cleaning and Replacement
MAIN BURNER: Inspection, Adjustment, Cleaning and Replacement
At periodic intervals (not more then 6 months) a visual inspection should be made of the main burner for proper operation and to insure no debris accumulating.
Main burner should light smoothly from pilot and burn with a blue flame with a minimum of yellow tips.
Steel burner models have a self adjusting air mixture and do not have an adjustable air shutter. Cast iron burner can
have the gas and air mixture properly proportioned by adjusting the air shutter on the mixer face of the main burner
(see step 2 below).
Main burner must be free from any debris accumulation that may effect burner operation (See next page for cleaning
procedure).
CAST IRON BURNER ADJUSTMENT
!! DANGER
Under no circumstances shall flammable materials be used or stored in the vicinity of the water heater.
With the inner door removed the Bradford White Defender Safety System will be inactivated.
If flammable vapors are present, a fire or explosion may result
causing property damage, personal injury or death.
Upon completion of the cast iron burner adjustment procedure, the inner door must be replaced per SERVICE
PROCEDURE RG-1, steps 4 through 14 to reactivate Bradford White Defender Safety System.
! WARNING
Inner door and burner components may be HOT when performing this operation.
Take necessary precaution to prevent personal injury.
Step 1.
With main burner in operation, remove right side inner door per service procedure I, steps 3b & 3c.
Be sure to maintain wire connection to resettable thermal switch for this adjustment procedure.
Step 2.
To adjust for proper burning, loosen the air shutter nut, rotate the shutter to close the opening in the
burner, then slowly rotate the shutter until the yellow tips disappear and the flame becomes blue.
Tighten the air shutter nut. Too much air will cause the flame to lift off the burner ports and create
noisy burner operation. Too little air (yellow tips) will result in soot formation. Place right side inner
door into proper position to confirm proper burner flame pattern and correct air shutter adjustment.
It may be necessary to allow the burner to operate for several minutes for burner flame to stabilize.
Air Shutter Nut
17
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-VI
Burner Operation Inspection,
Adjustment, Cleaning and Replacement
MAIN BURNER: Inspection, Adjustment, Cleaning and Replacement (cont.)
Step 3.
Fully inspect inner gasket per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I,
step 4. Replace gasket if required following SERVICE
PROCEDURE I, steps 5 & 6.
Step 4.
Be certain that thermocouple, pilot tube and Piezo wire are
routed by inner door flange as shown and Reinstall inner
door per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I, step 10 and 11.
Position thermocouple,
pilot tube and Piezo wire
Step 5.
Observe burner operation through sight glass of inner door. Burner should operate as adjusted in step
2, if not, repeat procedure compensating air shutter position for proper burner operation with inner
door in place.
Step 6.
It may be necessary to clean main burner or main burner orifice to achieve proper burner operation.
If cleaning is required proceed to burner cleaning section in this procedure.
BURNER CLEANING (Steel & Cast Iron)
Step 1.
Remove inner door assembly per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I, steps 1 through 3c.
Step 2.
Disconnect main burner feed line (3/4 wrench), pilot tube (7/16 wrench) and thermocouple (3/8)
wrench from combination thermostat gas valve and remove burner assembly from combustion
chamber.
Step 3.
Thoroughly inspect burner surface area and burner ports and remove any loose debris accumulation.
Burner
Surface
Area
Burner
Port
Area
Step 4.
18
On cast iron burners, inspect for
any debris build up inside burner
venturi. If found, disconnect
feedline from burner and remove
debris build up.
Burner Venturi
Opening
Feedline
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-VI
Burner Operation Inspection,
Adjustment, Cleaning and Replacement
BURNER CLEANING (cont.)
Step 5.
Disconnect (unscrew) main burner (stamped steel “B” burner) from main
burner orifice or on cast iron burners (“C” burner), loosen air shutter &
disconnect (unscrew) feedline from burner.
Step 6.
Remove main burner orifice from feed line (1/2” wrench on steel burner,
3/8" wrench on cast iron). Inspect and clean if necessary.
Step 7.
Remove pilot assembly, refer to SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-III for cleaning
and inspection.
Step 8.
Reassemble burner.
Step 9.
Inspect combustion chamber area of heater prior to reinstallation of
burner assembly. If cleaning is required, refer to SERVICE PROCEDURE
RG-VIII.
Step 10.
Reinstall burner assembly into combustion chamber, reconnect feedline, thermocouple and pilot tube
to the combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 11.
Reinstall inner door per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I, steps 4 through 13.
Step 12.
To resume operation, follow the instructions located on the lighting instruction label or the lighting
instructions located in the installation and operation manual.
19
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-VII
Resettable Thermal Switch
Testing and Replacement
RESETTABLE THERMAL SWITCH CONTINUITY TESTING
Step 1.
Remove outer jacket door.
Step 2.
Disconnect wire leads from resettable thermal switch.
Step 3.
Using a multimeter capable of measuring continuity (Ohms), place one
probe of meter on one of the brass connection tabs of the resettable
thermal switch, and the remaining probe on the other connection tab.
Step 4.
If continuity is indicated, the switch is closed, allowing millivolt current to
pass.
Step 5.
If continuity is not indicated, the switch is open, possibly due to an overheating condition. The switch is designed to open at predetermined
temperatures depending on model. An open switch can be reset by
depressing the red colored button located at the center of the switch.
The overheating condition must be determined prior to putting the heater back in service.
PROBABLE CAUSE FOR RESETTABLE THERMAL SWITCH ACTIVATION
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1. Verify adequate combustion air supply is available.
Insufficient
combustion Air
Resettable thermal switch
color code reference.
2. Clear jacket slot openings of any dirt, dust, restrictions
or other obstructions.
Color Code
Approximate
switch
activation
temperature
(open)
Blue
240˚
Yellow
270˚
Red
290˚
3. Inspect flame arrestor plate and clean with stiff brush
and/or vacuum to remove scale deposits and debris.
1. Weak switch or
switch out of
calibration.
1. Replace resettable thermal switch
2. Verify switch color code and approximate temperature.
2. Incorrect switch.
Flammable vapor
incident
20
1. Replace water heater.
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-VII
Resettable Thermal Switch
Testing and Replacement
RESETTABLE THERMAL SWITCH REPLACEMENT
Step 1.
Rotate knob of combination thermostat gas valve to the off position.
Step 2.
Remove outer jacket door.
Step 3.
Disconnect wire leads from resettable thermal switch.
Step 4.
Remove resettable thermal switch from inner door (Phillips screw driver).
Step 5.
Place new resettable thermal switch in place. Be sure contact surface of resettable thermal switch and
inner door are free of any debris. Secure resettable thermal switch into place using screws from step 4.
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN SCREWS.
Step 6.
Reconnect wire leads from combination thermostat/gas valve to resettable thermal switch.
Note: wire termination are interchangeable with either resettable thermal switch connection.
Step 7.
Replace outer jacket door.
Step 8.
To resume operation follow the instructions located on the lighting instruction label or the lighting
instruction located in the installation and operation manual.
21
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-VIII
ScreenLok Flame Arrestor Cleaning
ScreenLok Flame Arrestor Cleaning
Step 1.
Rotate knob of combination thermostat gas valve to the off position.
Step 2.
Remove outer jacket door.
Step 3.
Remove inner door per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I, step 3a through 3e.
Step 4.
Disconnect main burner feed line (3/4 wrench), pilot tube (7/16 wrench)
and thermocouple (3/8) wrench from combination thermostat gas valve
and remove burner assembly from combustion chamber.
Step 5.
Clean ScreenLok Flame Arrestor using stiff brush, compressed air and/or
shop vacuum to remove any scale or other debris accumulation. Using a
soft brush, clear jacket openings from any dirt, dust, restrictions or other obstructions.
Step 6.
Remove any debris from burner assembly per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-V and reinstall burner
assembly into combustion chamber.
Step 7.
Reconnect feedline, thermocouple and pilot tube to the combination thermostat/gas valve.
Step 8
Reinstall inner door per SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-I, steps 4 through 13.
Step 9.
To resume operation follow the instructions located on the lighting instruction label or the lighting
instruction located in the installation and operation manual.
22
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-IX
Dip Tube and Anode
Inspection and Replacement
Dip Tube Inspection and Replacement
!! WARNING
Heater components and stored water may be HOT when performing the following steps in
this procedure. Take necessary precaution to prevent personal injury.
Step 1.
Rotate knob of combination thermostat/gas valve to “OFF” position.
Step 2.
Turn off cold water supply to heater. Connect hose to drain spigot of water heater and route to an
open drain. Open a nearby hot water faucet to vent heater for draining. Open drain spigot of water
heater and allow heater to drain to a point below the inlet connection nipple.
Step 3.
Disconnect inlet nipple from plumbing system.
Step 4.
With an appropriate wrench, remove inlet nipple/dip tube from the water heater. Use caution not to
damage pipe threads.
Step 5.
Visually Inspect inlet nipple/dip tube. Inlet nipple/dip tube should be free of cracks and any blockage.
Hydro-jets located near the bottom of the dip tube should be open and free of any blockage.
Anti-siphon holes located approximately 6" from the bottom of nipple, should be free of any blockage.
Any damage such as cracks, restriction due to deformation or unintentional holes are not field
repairable and the inlet nipple/dip tube must be replaced.
Step 6.
Upon completion of inspection or subsequent replacement, reinstall inlet nipple/dip tube into heater.
Connect nipple to plumbing system, resume water supply and refill heater with water.
Step 7.
To resume operation follow the instructions located on the lighting instruction label or the lighting
instructions located in the installation and operation manual.
23
SERVICE PROCEDURE RG-IX
Dip Tube and Anode
Inspection and Replacement
Anode Inspection and Replacement
!! WARNING
Heater components and stored water may be HOT when performing the following steps in
this procedure. Take necessary precaution to prevent personal injury.
Step 1.
Turn off water supply to water heater. Rotate knob of combination thermostat/gas valve to “OFF”
position.
Step 2.
Turn off cold water supply to heater. Connect hose to drain spigot of water heater and route to an
open drain. Open a nearby hot water faucet to vent heater for draining. Open drain spigot of water
heater and allow heater to drain to a point below the outlet connection nipple.
Step 3.
Disconnect outlet nipple from plumbing system.
Step 4.
With an appropriate wrench, remove outlet nipple/anode from the water heater. Use caution not to
damage pipe threads.
Step 5.
Visually Inspect outlet nipple/anode. Outlet nipple/anode should show signs of depletion, this is
normal. If depletion is 1/2 of the original anode diameter (approximately 3/4” diameter), replacement
is recommended. If any of the steel core of the anode is exposed, replacement is recommended.
Step 6.
Upon completion of inspection or subsequent replacement, reinstall outlet nipple/anode into heater.
Connect nipple to plumbing system, resume water supply and refill heater with water.
Step 7.
To resume operation, follow the instructions located on the lighting instruction label or the lighting
instructions located in the installation and operation manual.
24
PARTS LIST
1 Draft Hood
2 Hot Water Outlet/Anode
3 Cold Water Inlet Tube
4 Flue Baffle
5 T&P Relief Valve
6 Thermostat
7 Piezo Igniter
8 Brass Drain Valve
9 Screw-#8-18 x 3/4 Hex Washer Head
10 Screw-#10-12 x 3/4 Hex Washer Head
11 Left Side Inner Door with Gasket
12 Complete Right Side Inner Door
12A Right Side Inner Door with Gasket
13 Sight Glass Assembly
14 Resettable Thermal Switch
15 Screw#6-20 x 3/8 PHCR
16 Outer Door
17 Complete BN Burner Assembly
18 BN Burner Only
19 Main Burner Orifice
20 Pilot Assembly
21 Pilot Orifice
22 Thermocouple
23 Feed Line
24 Complete Cast Iron Burner Assembly
25 Cast Iron Burner Only
26 Main Burner Orifice
27 Pilot Assembly
28 Pilot Orifice
29 Air Shutter
30 Air Shutter Nut
31 Thermocouple
32 Feed Line
33 ASSE Approved Mixing Valve (Optional)
34 3/4 NPT Tank Plug (XR models)
35 Inner Door Gasket Kit
36 Wire Tie
25
Notes
26
Notes
27
Ambler, PA
For U.S. and Canada field service,
contact your professional installer or
local Bradford White sales representative.
Sales/800-523-2931
Fax/215-641-1670
Technical Support/800-334-3393
Fax/269-795-1089
Warranty/800-531-2111
Fax/269-795-1089
International:
Telephone/215-641-9400
Telefax/215-641-9750
Fax on Demand:
888-538-7833
www. bradfordwhite.com
Mississauga, ON
Sales/866-690-0961
905-238-0100
Fax/905-238-0105
Technical Support/800-334-3393
Email
parts@bradfordwhite.com
techserv@bradfordwhite.com
www.bradfordwhite.com
www.bradfordwhitecanada.com