Belshaw Brothers Type B Operator`s manual

Donut Cutter
Type B
Operator’s Manual
Belshaw Bros., Inc.
814 44th Street NW, Suite 103
Auburn, WA 98001 USA
Phone: (206) 322-5474 • Fax: (206) 322-5425
Email: service@belshaw.com • http://www.belshaw.com
If you accept the machine from the shipping
company, you are, in effect, saying that the
machine is in good condition, and you must
pay for the machine. The freight company has
accepted responsibility for the safe delivery of
our machines. For your protection, inspect the
machine to see that no parts are bent, scratched,
or otherwise damaged. If any damage has
occurred in shipping, file a freight claim with the
shipping company immediately.
IMPORTANT
Keep this manual for reference purposes.
EQUIPMENT RECORD
Please provide the information below when you correspond with us about your machine.
Purchased by ______________________________________________________________________
Installed by _______________________________________________________________________
Date of installation __________________________ Model number _________________________
Serial number ______________________________________________________________________
011608
MN-1527EN
Belshaw Bros., Inc.
814 44th Street NW, Suite 103
Auburn, WA 98001 USA
Phone: (206) 322-5474 • Fax: (206) 322-5425
Email: service@belshaw.com • http://www.belshaw.com
Contents
1
Operating
1
2
Cleaning
2
3
Maintenance
3
Lubrication
Care, Maintenance & Cleaning Instructions for Plungers, Cylinders & Hoppers
3
4
4
Donut-Making Helps
5
Tips on Making Quality Cake Donuts
Calculating Correct Water Temperature
Ratios of Plunger Sizes to Donut Weights
Temperature Conversion
5
6
6
6
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter OM
MN-1527EN
iii
Preface
The Type B Donut Cutter is designed to cut cake
donut products and deposit them in a variety of
fryers. It is designed to be mounted on a wall or
on a column attached to the fryer.
During production, the operator must move the
Cutter, holding the guide handle, to deposit
donuts in the desired locations in the fryer. The
operator must work safely at all times and read
this manual and follow its instructions and
warnings.
A thorough understanding of how to install,
maintain, and safely operate the Type B Donut
Cutter will prevent production delays and
injuries. Heed the following warnings and all
other warnings that appear in this manual:
•
Make sure the machine is mounted
securely. Doing so will prevent the
machine from tipping over or falling,
which could cause serious injury.
•
When the machine is column-mounted
on a fryer, make sure the fryer is
securely fastened to the floor. If the
fryer is not fastened to the floor, the
weight of the cutter could cause the fryer
to tip over, resulting in serious burns,
other injury, or death.
•
To avoid damaging the machine, never
use force to assemble, disassemble,
operate, clean, or maintain it.
•
Be careful never to get shortening,
water, or other materials on the floor. If
anything does get spilled on the floor,
clean the area immediately. Materials on
the floor can cause people to slip or fall,
resulting in serious injury or loss of life.
WARNING
Never put your hand in the hopper or
between trip arms while machine is being
operated.
DANGER!
When the cutter is column mounted, the
fryer must be securely fastened to the floor
to prevent tipping or overturning the fryer.
If the fryer is tipped, SERIOUS BURNS or
other injury can occur.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
iv
MN-1527EN
Type B Donut Cutter OM
1
Operation
hopper). After this initial priming, dough
can be added without repriming as long
as the hopper hasn’t been emptied.
For best results, and to keep your machine in
perfect running condition, observe the following:
•
Be sure that wing nuts and thumb nuts are
kept tight when the cutter is running.
•
Rotate the crank before filling the hopper
with dough to be sure that it turns freely.
•
The numbered scale on the side of the
cutter head regulates the weight of the
donuts. To change, loosen the wing nut
and set pointer at desired number (larger
numbers product larger donuts).
Retighten the wing nut.
•
The outer lip of the cutting cylinder
should clear the shortening in the fryer by
the following distances:
Cake plungers, sizes 7/8” to 1” require 1”
clearance.
Cake plungers, 1 1/8” through 2 ¼” require 1
¼” to 1 3/8” clearance.
French Cruller plunger, all sizes, require 1
½” clearance.
This height is adjusted with the set collar on
the column or wall mount bushing.
•
After putting dough into an empty
hopper, any air trapped in the cylinder
should be expelled. To do this, hold the
dough bowl under the cutter, and turn the
donut cutter crank until it has dropped
two or three donuts into the bowl (this
dough can then be replaced in the
•
When ready to start frying, swing the
cutter over the frying kettle and turn the
crank to start depositing donuts. Move
the cutter approximately 4” after each
donut is dropped. Swing the cutter back
from over the fryer when done cutting
donuts.
•
To use the last of the dough in the
hopper, push the remaining dough to the
bottom of the hopper. Use a rubber
scraper (spatula) to avoid scratching
hopper.
•
Once a week, remove the main frame
from the pivot arm and hold in horizontal
position (with trip arms facing down),
and allow any accumulated oil to run
from the cam case. Wipe any excess oil
from trip arms and cam case.
WARNING
Never put your hand in the hopper or
between trip arms while cutter is being
cranked.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter OM
MN-1527EN
1
2
Cleaning
The hopper and plunger are easily removed for
cleaning purposes. Remove the hopper and
plunger as follows:
1. Be sure the plunger is in the “stop”
position so the lower piston is up in the
hopper cylinder.
WARNING
Keep your hand under the cylinder flange
at the bottom of the hopper to keep the
plunger from falling through.
2. Loosen wing nut at crown bearing and
remove crown bearing.
3. Loosen wing nut at lower clamp hinge.
4. Open hinge and pull hopper and plunger
forward. The cylinder can be removed
from the hopper. If they do not separate
readily, run hot water on the hopper and
cold water on the cylinder and try again.
CAUTION
Never put your hand in the hopper or
between trip arms while cutter is being
cranked.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
2
MN-1527EN
Type B Donut Cutter OM
3
Maintenance
Lubrication
CUTTER SHAFT: One drop of light food grade
oil to the main shaft bearing, located on the hub
between the dial and cam case, once a day.
CAMS AND TRIP ARM BEARINGS: Before
staring and after every two hours of operation,
apply several drops of light food grade oil to
each of the two holes in the top of the cam case.
CAM TRACK: Once a week, grease cam tracks
with food grade grease. Turn cutter manually to
spread trip arms. Using a ½” wide paint brush,
apply grease to cam track through opening
between trip arms.
CROWN BEARING: Before starting and after
every two hours of operation, apply several drops
of edible grade mineral oil onto the center rod
directly above the crown bearing.
PLUNGERS & CYLINDERS: The plungers and
cylinders of your donut cutter are precision
equipment built from stainless steel. They will
provide years of productive service if they are
handled carefully. Plungers and cylinders should
be covered with a thin film of cooking oil. This
provides protection and lubrication for the
plungers and cylinders.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter OM
MN-1527EN
3
CARE, MAINTENANCE, and CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS
for PLUNGERS, CYLINDERS, and HOPPERS
The plungers and hoppers of your donut machine are precision instruments built from alloy
steels and aluminum. They should be handled with care to insure continued satisfactory
performance.
When cleaning aluminum, selection of the right type cleaner is your most important
consideration. Any household dish washing detergent that is safe for aluminum does a good job
of cleaning and does not attack aluminum. Strong Alkali cleaners, such as lye, soda ash, and trisodium phosphate, will discolor or even corrode aluminum even in weak solutions.
WARNING To prevent injury, disconnect machine from power source before
removing or installing plungers, cylinders, or hopper.
DO NOT Handle roughly or drop on hard surfaces.
DO NOT Mix with other utensils in the sink when washing.
DO NOT Allow to rust. Always wash parts thoroughly. Dry completely and then lubricate with
mineral oil or liquid shortening before storing or reinstalling in unit.
DO NOT Force the machine if it becomes jammed. Disassemble and remove any obstruction to
prevent damage to the plunger.
Washing Plungers, Cylinders, and Hoppers
By Hand:
1. Remove “O” Rings, if so equipped.
2. Use plenty of warm water.
3. Add cleaner approved for aluminum in
concentrations recommended by
manufacturer.
4. Presoak to loosen stubborn or dried-on
deposits.
5. Use a non-scratching plastic scour cloth
to remove soil and restore luster.
6. Rinse in clear hot water (170-190 °F)
7. Wipe completely dry.
8. Dip plungers in mineral oil or liquid
shortening to prevent rust and sticking.
By Machine:
1. Remove “O” rings, if so equipped.
Clean, hot water must be used with a
minimum temperature of 160°F (71°C)
for single tank conveyor machines. For
all other machines, a temperature of
140°-160°F (60°-71°C) must be used.
2. Use clean, hot water (170°-190°F; 77°88°C) during rinsing cycle. Avoid
contamination of the rinsing water with
the detergent.
3. Dry completely. Dip plungers and
cylinders in mineral oil or liquid
shortening to prevent rust and sticking.
CAUTION Never immerse main cutter frame assemblies, cams, bearings, rollers or
electrical components in water.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CARE OF FRENCH PLUNGERS:
The French plunger must be handled with great care. Before each use, put one drop of mineral
oil on each of the gibs that slide in the grooves near the top of the plunger. After each use,
unscrew the lower piston and remove the product former. Thoroughly wash and dry and then oil
the parts with mineral oil or liquid shortening to prevent sticking. Reassemble the plunger. Be
certain that the bottom piston is threaded into place completely.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
4
MN-1527EN
Type B Donut Cutter OM
4
Donut-Making Helps
If the shortening is too cold, the donuts will
spread too rapidly, will form large rings, will
tend to crack open, will be too light in
appearance, and will absorb too much
shortening.
Tips on Making Quality
Cake Donuts
•
Use the correct batter temperature.
In general, the correct batter temperature is
75°-80°F/24°-27°C. Check the mix
manufacturer’s instructions, as the
recommended temperature range may vary.
•
If the shortening is too deep, the donuts may
not turn over when they reach the turner,
causing them to cook unevenly.
If the batter is too warm, the donuts will lack
volume and may “ring out” or be misshapen.
If the batter is too cold, the donuts will stay
under the shortening too long, fry too
slowly, and crack open or ball up. They
may also absorb excess shortening and lose
volume.
•
Use the correct floor time.
A floor time of 10 minutes between mixing
and cutting allows the baking powder to
react with the water. This helps the donuts
attain the proper volume the proper level of
shortening penetration.
If the floor time exceeds 30 minutes, the mix
will gas off, the donuts will lose volume and
shape and will absorb too much shortening.
•
Use the correct frying temperature.
The correct shortening temperature for
frying is 370°-380°F/188°-193°C.
If the shortening is too hot, the donuts will
fry too quickly on the outside and will lose
volume. The donuts may also become dense
inside.
Maintain the proper shortening level. We
recommend a distance of 1 1/4” between the
cutter and the shortening.
If the shortening is too shallow (too far
below the cutter), the donuts may not drop
flat, may turn over while submerging and
surfacing, and may become irregular,
cracked, or rough-crusted.
•
Ensure that the donuts absorb the right
amount of shortening.
Donuts should absorb 1-1/2 to 3 oz/42 to 85
g of shortening per dozen, depending on
their weight. You can achieve proper
absorption by following tips 1-3.
•
If the donuts do not absorb enough
shortening, they will not keep well.
If they absorb too much shortening, they
will lose volume and may become
misshapen. If this happens, follow tips 1-3,
mix the batter a little longer than usual, turn
the donuts as soon as they become golden
brown, and turn the donuts only once.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter OM
MN-1527EN
5
Calculating Correct Water Temperature
The following is an example of how to calculate the correct water temperature to use. You must use your
own room temperature, dry mix temperature, desired batter temperature, and, if you are making yeastraised donuts, estimated temperature increase during mixing.
Cake Donuts
Yeast-Raised Donuts
°F
72
+70
142
°C
22.2
+21.1
43.3
°F
72
+70
142
°C
22.2
+21.1
43.3
Total B
75
x3
225
23.9
x3
71.7
80
x3
240
26.7
x3
80.1
Total B
-Total A
Desired water temp. for cake donuts
225
-142
83°F
71.7
-43.3
28.4°C
240
-142
98
↓
98
-30
68°F
80.1
-43.3
36.8
↓
36.8
-17
19.8°C
Room temperature
Dry mix temperature
Total A
Desired batter temperature
Figure from above
Temperature increase during mixing (average: 30°F/17°C)
Desired water temperature for yeast-raised donuts
Ratios of Plunger Sizes to
Donut Weights
The weights given are for donuts without icings
or other toppings. They are provided for
reference only, as weights vary according to the
density of the batter.
Plunger Size
Donut Weight per
Dozen
1”
1 5/8”
1 3/4”
1 7/8”
2"
5-8 oz/142-227 g
14-17 oz/397-482 g
16-20 oz/454-567 g
19-24 oz/539-680 g
22-27 oz/624-765 g
Temperature Conversion
To convert temperatures from Fahrenheit to
Celsius, subtract 32 from °F and divide the result
by 1.8. For example, 212°F-32/1.8 = 100°C.
To convert temperatures from Celsius to
Fahrenheit, multiply °C by 1.8 and add 32 to the
result. For example, (100°C x 1.8) + 32 = 212°F.
°F
°C
°F
°C
55
60
65
70
75
80
325
330
335
12.8
15.6
18.3
21.2
23.9
26.7
162.8
165.6
168.3
340
345
350
355
360
365
370
375
380
171.1
173.9
176.7
179.4
182.2
185.0
187.8
190.6
193.3
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
6
MN-1527EN
Type B Donut Cutter OM
Donut Cutter
Type B
Technical Supplement
Belshaw Bros., Inc.
814 44th Street NW, Suite 103
Auburn, WA 98001 USA
Phone: (206) 322-5474 • Fax: (206) 322-5425
Email: service@belshaw.com • http://www.belshaw.com
If you accept the machine from the shipping
company, you are, in effect, saying that the
machine is in good condition, and you must
pay for the machine. The freight company has
accepted responsibility for the safe delivery of
our machines. For your protection, inspect the
machine to see that no parts are bent, scratched,
or otherwise damaged. If any damage has
occurred in shipping, file a freight claim with the
shipping company immediately.
IMPORTANT
Keep this manual for reference purposes.
EQUIPMENT RECORD
Please provide the information below when you correspond with us about your machine.
Purchased by ______________________________________________________________________
Installed by _______________________________________________________________________
Date of installation __________________________ Model number _________________________
Serial number ______________________________________________________________________
041808
MN-1528EN
Belshaw Bros., Inc.
814 44th Street NW, Suite 103
Auburn, WA 98001 USA
Phone: (206) 322-5474 • Fax: (206) 322-5425
Email: service@belshaw.com • http://www.belshaw.com
Contents
1
Installation
1
Wall Mount
Column Mount
1
2
2
4
Maintenance
Lubrication
4
3
Troubleshooting
5
4
Plungers, Mounting Info
11
French Plunger Drawing (7B-1001)
Service Bulletin #254B (Extension Arm Limiting Bracket Installation Instructions)
Service Bulletin #18 (Trip Arm Adjustment)
Service Bulletin #88 (#400 Height Adjustment Kit Instructions)
12
14
15
16
5
Parts Info
17
6
Appendix
19
Parts List Drawing Insert Page
Insert
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
iii
Preface
The Type B Donut Cutter is designed to cut cake
donut products and deposit them in a variety of
fryers. It is designed to be mounted on a wall or
on a column attached to the fryer.
During production, the operator must move the
Cutter, holding the guide handle, to deposit
donuts in the desired locations in the fryer. The
operator must work safely at all times and read
this manual and follow its instructions and
warnings.
A thorough understanding of how to install,
maintain, and safely operate the Type B Donut
Cutter will prevent production delays and
injuries. Heed the following warnings and all
other warnings that appear in this manual:
•
Make sure the machine is mounted
securely. Doing so will prevent the
machine from tipping over or falling,
which could cause serious injury.
•
When the machine is column-mounted
on a fryer, make sure the fryer is
securely fastened to the floor. If the
fryer is not fastened to the floor, the
weight of the cutter could cause the fryer
to tip over, resulting in serious burns,
other injury, or death.
•
To avoid damaging the machine, never
use force to assemble, disassemble,
operate, clean, or maintain it.
•
Be careful never to get shortening,
water, or other materials on the floor. If
anything does get spilled on the floor,
clean the area immediately. Materials on
the floor can cause people to slip or fall,
resulting in serious injury or loss of life.
WARNING
Never put your hand in the hopper or
between trip arms while machine is being
operated.
DANGER!
When the cutter is column mounted, the
fryer must be securely fastened to the floor
to prevent tipping or overturning the fryer.
If the fryer is tipped, SERIOUS BURNS or
other injury can occur.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
iv
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter TS
1
Wall Mount
When the donut cutter is to be mounted on a wall
bracket, it is mandatory to provide a good, solid
support on the wall. For this purpose, we
suggest using a 2” x 4” or 2” x 6” timber of good
quality. The timber should extend from the
ceiling to the floor. The timber must be secured
with #4 wood screws, 4” long mini8mum,
screwed directly into a wall stud. The screws
should be located approximately every 12” over
the entire length of the timber.
Installation
brackets on the wall plate and pass the
wall pin through hinge brackets and
bushing (See Figure 1).
6. The pivot arm is connected to the straight
arm by passing the arm pin through both
arm sections, with the legs of the pivot
arm between the legs of the straight arm
(See Figure 1).
7. The cutter frame can now be mounted on
the pin at the end of the pivot arm.
After attaching the 2” x 4” or 2” x 6” timber as
described above, do the following:
1. Position the fryer 6” to 8” from the wall
and slightly to the right or left of the
timber support. Level the fryer.
2. Lay a straight edge (a board will do)
across the kettle top to the wall support
and mark the height of the kettle top on
the wall support.
3. Find the point in the center of the wall
support and 15” above the kettle height.
Drill a ¼” diameter hole at this point and
attach the wall plate to the wall support
with a 5/16” x 1 ½” lag screw through the
top hole in the wall plate.
4. Check to see that the wall plate is vertical
(use a level if available). Then, secure
the wall plate with the five remaining lag
screws.
Figure 1
5. To connect the straight arm section to the
wall plate: First slide the bushing
through one leg of the straight arm, slide
set collar onto the bushing (pin side
down); then slide the bushing through the
hole in the other leg of the straight arm.
Position the bushing between the hinge
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
1
Column Mount
If you have a Belshaw fryer, see the following
instructions “A” for electric fryers, or “B” for
gas fryers. For a list of adapter kits for nonBelshaw fryers, check the information sheet in
the Appendix of this manual. If no adapter kit is
available for your fryer, see instructions “C”.
IMPORTANT: A 618L-0104 extension
limiting bracket is designed to help keep the
fryer from tipping if a column mounted cutter is
inadvertently swung out away from the fryer.
The extension limiting bracket is required for
models 618, 618L and 624 fryers. Refer to the
instruction sheet SB-91 in the Appendix.
WARNING
When the cutter is column mounted, the
fryer must be securely fastened to the floor
to prevent tipping or overturning the fryer.
If the fryer is tipped, serious burns or other
injuries can occur.
A: Column Mounting on Belshaw Electric
Fryer
1. Fasten the fryer to the floor.
2. Slide the column mounting brackets onto
the column.
3. Remove six existing nuts and washers
from the mounting blocks on the back of
the fryer cabinet. NOTE: On older
Belshaw fryers with narrow kettle
flanges, there will be no mounting blocks,
but the mounting holes will have been
pre-punched in the sheet metal cabinet.
4. Mount the column and mounting brackets
onto the fryer by placing the mounting
brackets on respective bolts, and
reinstalling the nuts and washers from
Step 3. With the column resting on the
floor, tighten the 5/16-18 X 1” square
head set screws in the mounting brackets.
5. Slide the set collar onto the column.
6. Slide the straight arm section onto the
column. Connect the pivot arm to the
straight arm with the arm pin (See Figure
2).
7. The cutter frame can now be mounted on
the pin at the end of the pivot arm.
Figure 2
B: Column Mounting on Belshaw Gas
Fryer
1. Fasten the fryer to the floor.
2. Slide the column mounting brackets onto
the column.
3. Mount the column and mounting brackets
onto the fryer and secure with 5/16-18 X
¾” hex head bolts and lock washers.
4. Slide the set collar onto the column.
5. Slide the straight arm section onto the
column. Connect the pivot arm to the
straight arm with the arm pin (See Figure
2).
6. The cutter frame can now be mounted on
the pin at the end of the pivot arm.
IMPORTANT: A 618L-0104 extension
limiting bracket is designed to help keep the
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
2
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter TS
fryer from tipping if a column mounted cutter is
inadvertently swung out away from the fryer.
The extension limiting bracket is required for
models 618, 618L and 624 fryers. Refer to the
instruction sheet SB-91 in the Appendix.
C: Column Mounting on non-Belshaw
Fryer without Adapter Kit
1. Fasten the fryer to the floor.
2. Slide the column mounting brackets onto
the column.
3. Determine the column location by
standing the column with mounting
brackets against the fryer cabinet near the
back corner of the fryer on the side the
operator will stand. The mounting
brackets can be fastened to either the
back or the side of the cabinet, but be
sure the location you choose will allow
free movement of the swing arm,
4. After the location has been chose, use a
level to make the column assembly as
vertical as possible. For stability, locate
the two column mounting brackets as far
apart as possible.
5. Use the holes in the mounting brackets as
guides for drilling 5/16” holes in the fryer
cabinet. Secure the mounting brackets
and assembled column to the fryer
cabinet with 5/16” bolts, flat washers,
lock washers and nuts.
6. With the column resting on the floor,
tighten square head set screws in the
mounting brackets.
7. Slide the set collar onto the column.
8. Slide the straight arm section onto the
column. Connect the pivot arm to the
straight arm with the arm pin (See Figure
2).
IMPORTANT: A 618L-0104 extension
limiting bracket is designed to help keep the
fryer from tipping if a column mounted cutter is
inadvertently swung out away from the fryer.
The extension limiting bracket is required for
models 618, 618L and 624 fryers. Refer to the
instruction sheet SB-91 in the Appendix.
WARNING
When drilling holes through the fryer
cabinet, be sure the drill does not damage
the fryer internally.
9. The cutter frame can now be mounted on
the pin at the end of the pivot arm.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
3
2
Maintenance
Lubrication
CUTTER SHAFT: One drop of light food grade
oil to the main shaft bearing, located on the hub
between the dial and cam case, once a day.
CAMS AND TRIP ARM BEARINGS: Before
staring and after every two hours of operation,
apply several drops of light food grade oil to
each of the two holes in the top of the cam case.
CAM TRACK: Once a week, grease cam tracks
with food grade grease. Turn cutter manually to
spread trip arms. Using a ½” wide paint brush,
apply grease to cam track through opening
between trip arms.
CROWN BEARING: Before starting and after
every two hours of operation, apply several drops
of edible grade mineral oil onto the center rod
directly above the crown bearing.
PLUNGERS & CYLINDERS: The plungers and
cylinders of your donut cutter are precision
equipment built from stainless steel. They will
provide years of productive service if they are
handled carefully. Plungers and cylinders should
be covered with a thin film of cooking oil. This
provides protection and lubrication for the
plungers and cylinders.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
4
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter TS
3
This section is designed as an aid in
troubleshooting. It does not cover every possible
problem that might arise, and it is not a substitute
for a qualified technician.
To use the following chart: look in the first
column to find the section dealing with the
problem. In the middle column you will find one
or most possible causes. The other column has
possible solutions. To avoid unnecessary
repairs, be sure to isolate the correct cause of the
problem before taking corrective action.
Troubleshooting
most cases, the machine can be shipped back,
freight collect, within five days.
Ship to:
Belshaw Bros., Inc.
814 44th Street NW, Suite 103
Auburn, WA 98001 USA
Phone: (206) 322-5474
Fax: (206) 322-5425
FACTORY PARTS AND REPAIR
SERVICE
Replacement Pert Orders (Include the
following information with your order):
1. Model name and number of your machine.
2. Serial number of your machine
3. Voltage, phase, and hertz (if applicable).
4. Part number, part name, description, size (if
applicable), etc.
5. Quantity desired
Factory Rebuild Service
If your machine becomes badly worn or
seriously out of adjustment, we have a complete
rebuild and repair service. Call the service
department for a Return of Goods Authorization
number (R.G.A. #). Return your machine to the
factory (with the R.G.A. # on the outside of the
box, and on the paperwork inside), FREIGHT
PREPAID, with your instructions, phone
number, and the name of the person to contact
when a cost estimate has been determined. In
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
5
DONUTS DO NOT DROP STRAIGHT OR SEPARATE FROM THE
CYLINDER EVENLY
Possible Causes
What To Do
Machine frame out of alignment.
Send to factory.
Dirty cylinder.
Clean as required.
Damaged cylinder liner lip.
Replace cylinder liner.
Cutter not level.
Adjust mounting system.
Worn plunger pistons.
Replace.
Worn cylinder liner.
Replace.
UNUSUAL NOISES (CLICKING OR BANGING)
Possible Causes
What To Do
Machine frame out of alignment.
Send to factory.
Plunger bent.
Repair or replace.
Trip arm bent.
Adjust trip arm spacing. See SB-17 in
Appendix.
Upper and lower pistons straddling
cylinder.
Adjust trip arm spacing. See SB-17 in
Appendix.
Dodge (drive) pin slipping.
Tighten brake bands.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
6
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter TS
VARIATION IN DONUT SIZE
Possible Causes
What To Do
Worn or undersize plunger pistons.
Replace.
Hopper not tightly seated in cylinder
assembly.
Tap down lightly. Use film of cake donut
batter between hopper and cylinder
assembly to help form a seal. To make a
careful check of the seal: place hand over
cylinder to prevent leaks, turn hopper
upside down and push hopper into tank or
tub of water until joint of hopper and
cylinder are submerged. Leakage will
show as bubbles.
Worn cams.
Replace.
Worn roller pin in trip arms.
Replace.
Worn cam rollers.
Replace.
Center rod lock pins on plunger sheared
off.
Repair or replace.
RINGING OUT (DIAMETER OF DONUT AND DONUT HOLE
BECOME TOO LARGE)
Possible Causes
What To Do
Donut is turning after drop.
Set screen to allow only a shallow drop.
Lower piston has incorrect travel.
Adjust trip arm spacing. See SB-17 in
Appendix.
Improper mixing.
Check mixing procedure.
Mix temperature too high.
Lower mix temperature to match
manufacturer’s specifications.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
7
GOBBING (DEPOSIT OF UNWANTED DOUGH ON PRODUCT)
Possible Causes
What To Do
Worn plunger or cylinder.
Replace.
Damaged cylinder lip.
Replace.
JAMMING
Possible Causes
What To Do
Machine frame out of alignment.
Send to factory.
Plunger bent.
Repair or replace.
Trip arm bent.
Adjust trip arm spacing. See SB-17 in
Appendix.
Obstruction in cylinder.
Clear obstruction.
FRENCH CRULLER PLUNGER – STICKING OR JAMMING
Possible Causes
What To Do
Former assembly, 7B-1002, stuck or
corroded to center rod, 7B-1004.
Unscrew lower piston 7B-0003. Former
should slide off. If piston and/or former
are stuck, soak them 24 hours in light food
grade oil. Tap with soft hammer to loosen,
and then disassemble for cleaning.
FRENCH CRULLER PLUNGER – BINDING IN CYLINDER
Possible Causes
What To Do
Former bent out of alignment.
Replace former 7B-1002. Be sure to order
correct size.
FRENCH CRULLER PLUNGER – PISTON WILL NOT ROTATE
Possible Causes
What To Do
Gibs 7B-0013 sheared off.
Replace 7B-0013 gibs. (Order correct size:
7B-0013A gibs for sizes 1 1/8” and 1 ¼”;
7B-0013 for sizes 1 3/8 to 2”.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
8
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter TS
FRENCH CRULLER PLUNGER – FORMER WILL NOT ROTATE
Possible Causes
What To Do
Gibs inside piston on 7B-1003 or 7B-1006
side rod assembly are worn out or sheared
off.
Replace 7B-1003 or 7B-1006 side rod
assembly.
FRENCH CRULLER PLUNGER – DOUGH WILL NOT DROP OFF
CLEANLY
Possible Causes
What To Do
5a. Batter too stiff.
5a. Thin mix down with warm water or
warm milk.
5b. Cylinder tip not clean.
5c. Cylinder tip damaged.
5b. Wash tip and oil lightly.
5c. Replace cylinder.
FRENCH CRULLER PLUNGER – FRENCH CRULLERS WILL NOT
HOLD SHAPE
Possible Causes
What To Do
6a. Improper temperature or improper
mixing.
6a. Check proper temperature and mixing
time.
6b. Improper fry time and temperature.
6b. Check for proper fry time and
temperature.
FRENCH CRULLER PLUNGER – DONUTS COME OUT MISSING
FLUTES
Possible Causes
What To Do
7a. Former 7B-1002 flutes plugged.
7a. Disassembly plunger, clean former and
reassemble.
7b. Trip arm bent.
7b. Adjust trip arm spacing. See SB-17 in
Appendix.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
9
BALL PLUNGER – BALLS STICK TOGETHER
Possible Causes
What To Do
Machine set too high allowing balls to
swing.
Set machine so end of plunger is just
touching the shortening when the balls are
extruded.
BALL PLUNGER – BALLS ARE NOT SAME SIZE
Possible Causes
What To Do
One or more holes plugged with lump of
dough.
Remove plunger and clean cup out.
STICK PLUNGER – STICKS BEND AND ARE POORLY SHAPED
Possible Causes
What To Do
Trying to cut too long a stick.
1a. Shorten up by setting dial adjustment to
smaller size. 4-5” would be maximum
controllable length.
1b. Set machine height so extrusion takes
place just at the surface of the shortening.
KRINKLE PLUNGER – LOWER PISTON AND FORMER WILL NOT
COME OFF
Possible Causes
What To Do
Piston and former stuck and/or corroded to
center rod.
Soak in light food grade oil for 24 hours.
Tap lightly with a soft hammer to loosen.
KRINKLE PLUNGER – IRREGULAR PRODUCT
Possible Causes
What To Do
Former flutes plugged.
Disassemble and clean. Reassemble.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
10
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter TS
4
Plunger, Mounting Info
French Plunger Drawing (7B-1001)
Service Bulletin #254B (Extension Arm Limiting Bracket Installation Instructions)
Service Bulletin #18 (Trip Arm Adjustment)
Service Bulletin #88 (#400 Height Adjustment Kit Instructions)
Insert
Insert
Insert
Insert
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
11
7B-1001 FRENCH PLUNGER PARTS LIST.
Models B, F and MD-2 Cutters
BILL OF MATERIAL
ITEM
1
DESCRIPTION
Lower Piston (Specify Size):
2
Former Assembly (Specify Size)
3
Side Rod Assy (Specify Size):
4
Gib (2 required, specify size):
5
Gib Screw (2 required)
6
Center Rod Replacement Kit
(Includes items 7, 8, 9, & 7B-11
Center Rod)
7
Short Retainer (2 Required)
8
Flanged Retainer
9
Groove Pin
For repairs involving the side rod assemblies,
your French plunger should be returned to the
factory.
#7B-1001 French Plunger
Sizes: 1-1/8”, 1-1/4”, 1-3/8”, 1-1/2”, 1-5/8”,
1-3/4”, 1-7/8”, 2”, 2-1/8”, 2-1/4”
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
12
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter TS
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
13
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
14
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter
TRIP ARM ADJUSTMENT ON “B” & “F” CUTTERS
If the machine gets jammed, the trip arms may go
out of adjustment. The following procedure
should be used to check and readjust the trip arms.
1. Set the dial to #3 (maximum).
2. Turn the cutter by hand until the lower trip
arm is at its lowest position.
3. Check dimension “A” (see illustration). If
necessary, bend the lower trip arm to
attain this dimension (11.063”).
4. Turn the cutter until the upper trip arm is
at its lowest position.
5. Check dimension “B” (see illustration). If
necessary, bend the upper trip arm to
attain this dimension (12.53”).
6. Turn the cutter until the dial pointer is
pointing straight down. Check dimension
“C.” Turn the cutter until the dial pointer
is pointing straight up. Check dimension
“D.” If either “C” or “D” is not correct,
parts may be worn and should be replaced.
SB-18
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
15
#0400 HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT KIT
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
#0400 Kit consists of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
#0247 Thrust Washer
#0316 Outer Sleeve Assembly
#0246 Inner Sleeve
5/16-18 X ½ Square Head Set Screw
1.
Assembly the kit components, arm brackets, and #0121 set collar together as shown in the above
drawing.
2. With the cutter mounted in place on the pivot arm bracket, adjust the #0121 set collar to position
cutter at the proper height:
A. The guard flange of the hopper base when mounted on the machine should just clear the rim of the
fryer.
B. The bottom of the cutter should be 1” to 1 ¼” from the surface of the shortening.
3. Raise the height adjustment assembly (A, B, C and D) to achieve a distance of 1 3/8” between the
Bottom of “C” and the arm bracket. Tighten set screw “D”.
SB-88
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
16
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter TS
5
Parts Info
Drawings and Parts Lists in this section are for
reference only. See the Parts List Drawing Insert
for part numbers.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
17
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
18
MN-1528EN
Type B Donut Cutter TS
6
Appendix
See Parts List Drawing Insert Page.
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
Type B Donut Cutter TS
MN-1528EN
19
B0001000 R02
Parts List Drawing Insert Page
Title:
B Cake Donut Cutters
Model:
B
Item Number:
B0001000 B-LB-W/O
Final Assembly Drawing:
B0001000 Final Assy BOM Only
Sub Assemblies:
0226CHS B-LB-W/O-X without plgr/cyl/hpr
0324B Type “B” Frame Assembly
OPTIONAL MOUNTING KITS
Wall Mount:
0406 Wall Mt Brkt Kit (See Technical Supplement-Page 18)
Column Mount:
0405 B Column Mounting Kit (See Technical Supplement-Page 18)
Belshaw Bros., Inc. • www.belshaw.com • Phone 206-322-5474 • Fax 206-322-5425
8-10-11
B Cake Donut Cutters
Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group
Limited Warranty / Return Policy
Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group (also referred to herein as “the Manufacturer”) warrants parts of its
manufacture and assembly of equipment to be free from defects in workmanship and material which
would result in product failure under normal use and service. Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group’s entire
liability under this Warranty is limited to either repairing or replacing at its factory or; on user’s premises,
at Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group’s option, any equipment or parts thereof, which shall be determined
by the Manufacturer to be defective. If necessary to return parts to the factory they must be shipped
transportation charges prepaid. This shall be purchaser’s sole and exclusive remedy.
Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group reserves the right to make changes in design; or add any
improvement, at any time without incurring any obligations to install, the same, on equipment previously
sold.
This warranty is expressly in lieu of any and all other warranties express or implied, including:
implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for any particular purpose, and all other
obligations or liabilities what so ever on the part of Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group. All
statutory or implied warranties, other than title, are expressly nullified and excluded.
Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group neither assumes nor authorizes any person to assume for it
any obligation or liability in connection with the sale of the Manufacturer’s products or parts
thereof.
Possession, use/or operation of equipment, or parts sold hereunder for any other than their designed
purpose, or use of equipment which is in poor repair, modified, improperly operated, or neglected is
done at the owner’s risk. Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group hereby disclaims any liability for these
actions and shall not be liable for defects in or for any damages or loss to the property sold which is
attributable to such actions.
Under no circumstances shall Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group be liable for any indirect,
special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of, or from the use of its product by
buyer, it assignees, employees, agents or customers.
Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group makes no express warranties except those contained in this Warranty
concerning the product sold hereunder. No modification or alteration of this Warranty shall be made
except by Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group in writing.
Warranty Period
This limited warranty covers parts manufactured by Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group and assembly of
equipment by the same, and shall extend for a period of one year from date of shipment and to the
original owner only.
Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group
Revised 12/31/07
www.belshaw-adamatic.com
www.belshaw.com
Limited Warranty
Phone (+1) 206-322-5474
Page 1 of 2
Limited Warranty
With respect to parts not manufactured by Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group, warranty coverage shall
be limited to the original part manufacturer’s warranty, or the Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group Limited
Warranty, whichever is the lesser coverage period. In no case will the warranty be in excess of 18
months after date of shipment of the equipment.
Replacement parts provided under the terms of this warranty are warranted for the remainder of the
original warranty period applicable to the product.
Exclusions
This warranty excludes from its coverage and does not apply to: (a) solenoid and relay coils; (b) lamps;
(c) “O” rings; (d) belts; and (e) impellers. These items are excluded because (1) failure is usually due
to causes beyond our control; (2) it is not practical to accurately determine the failure cause; and (3) the
normal life of the parts is shorter than our warranty period. This warranty also excludes the cost of
labor for removing and replacing defective parts, other than the labor incurred directly by the
Manufacturer when, in Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group’s opinion, a company repair of the item is
justified.
Procedure for Return
To speed up your credits for returned equipment, we have a return goods policy and procedure. Our
procedure starts with a phone call to (206) 322-5474 or a letter to our Sales or Service Department for
a return authorization. When contacting our Sales or Service Dept. you should be ready to give:
•
Customer name, address, phone number and individual’s name, Invoice number and date,
Model number and serial number, reason for return, i.e. credit, exchange, warranty, or repair.
Description of item and problem.
When we get this information we will issue you a Return of Goods Authorization Number (RGA). This
number must be marked clearly on the outside of the package. If the package is not clearly marked
with the RGA#, then the package will be returned unopened to the sender. The RGA# will be open for
30 days, if returnable goods have not been received within the 30 days, then RGA# will be voided.
Return goods must be:
• Returned freight prepaid, packaged securely and carefully so that in-transit damage cannot occur;
and
•
Marked so the package contains the RGA# in the first line of the address line, “Attn: RGA#” (the
number being the number given you by the Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Groupservice department.)
Please note the following:
• If the returned goods were sent to you due to our mistake, then we will pay all freight charges via
our choice of carrier.
•
If the returned goods failed while in service and are still covered by warranty, they need to be
returned freight prepaid by you. We will then replace the goods at no charge.
•
When returning parts for re-stock: our minimum re-stocking charge is 20% of original invoice
amount or $20 (whichever is greater), providing the equipment is in new, never-been-used
condition. Restocking charges may be increased above the minimum, depending on how much
rework the returned goods need. Final determination will be made after factory inspection of goods.
Following these guidelines will help expedite the processing of your return.
Belshaw Adamatic Bakery Group
Revised 12/31/07
www.belshaw-adamatic.com
www.belshaw.com
Limited Warranty
Phone (+1) 206-322-5474
Page 2 of 2