Coda Audio
C5 DSP amplifier
User Guide version 1
1
Important Safety Information
Please read carefully and keep the following instructions and safety information. Heed all
warnings and follow all instructions.
•
Do not remove covers. There are no user serviceable parts inside; please
refer servicing to qualified service personnel.
•
This equipment must be earthed.
•
Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched, particularly at plugs,
convenience receptacles and the point where they exit from the apparatus.
•
Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
•
Servicing is required when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as
the power supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have
fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does
not operate normally, or has been dropped.
Regulatory Compliance
This product complies with both the EMC Directive (89/336/EEC) and the Low Voltage
Directive (73/23/EEC) as issued by the Commission of the European Community.
Compliance with these directives imply conformity with the following European standards:
•
EN60065
Product safety
•
EN55103-1
Electromagnetic Interference (Emission)
•
EN55103-2
Electromagnetic Susceptibility (Immunity)
This product is intended for operation in the E2 (commercial & light industrial) and E3
(urban outdoors) Electromagnetic Environments.
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Table of Contents
Important Safety Information .................................................................................................. 2
Regulatory Compliance .................................................................................................... 2
Thanks and Unpacking ............................................................................................................ 5
Introduction and Key Features ................................................................................................. 6
Front Panel .......................................................................................................................... 13
Power Switch ................................................................................................................ 13
Power ON indicator........................................................................................................ 13
Bridged Mode indicator .................................................................................................. 13
Control Software Online indicator .................................................................................... 13
Protect ......................................................................................................................... 14
User DSP indicator ......................................................................................................... 14
User DSP Setting Defeat button ...................................................................................... 14
Input Signal Indicators ................................................................................................... 14
Rear Panel ........................................................................................................................... 15
Power Inlet ................................................................................................................... 15
Audio Input Connectors ................................................................................................. 15
Audio Output Connectors ............................................................................................... 15
Communications Port Connections .................................................................................. 16
Mechanical Installation ............................................................................................................ 7
AC Power Connection .............................................................................................................. 9
Audio Connections ................................................................................................................ 10
Using unbalanced connections ........................................................................................ 11
Amplifier output connections .......................................................................................... 11
100V line operation............................................................................................................... 12
C-Net Amplifier Control Panel................................................................................................. 17
Amplifier Channels ......................................................................................................... 18
User Controls ................................................................................................................ 18
Monitoring Section (MonIcon) ......................................................................................... 19
User DSP ...................................................................................................................... 19
Main Control Panel ........................................................................................................ 20
Hidden Controls............................................................................................................. 22
Saving & Recalling Data ................................................................................................. 22
Loading Factory Presets ................................................................................................. 22
Tool Bar ....................................................................................................................... 23
Keyboard Shortcuts ....................................................................................................... 23
Audio Processing ........................................................................................................... 24
Equalisation Filters......................................................................................................... 25
Bridge Mode ................................................................................................................. 25
Protection ..................................................................................................................... 26
Limiters ........................................................................................................................ 26
Indication ..................................................................................................................... 25
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EQ and Filter Response Graphs .............................................................................................. 27
Signal Processing Block Diagram ........................................................................................ 30
Technical Specifications ..................................................................................................... 31
4
Thanks and Unpacking
Thank you for choosing a Coda Audio C5 DSP amplifier system for your application. Please
spare a little time to study the contents of this manual, so that you obtain the best
possible performance from this unit.
All Coda Audio products are carefully engineered for world-class performance and
reliability. If you would like further information about this or any other Coda Audio
product, please contact us. We look forward to helping you in the near future.
Unpacking the Coda Audio C5 DSP amplifier
After unpacking the unit, please check carefully for damage. If damage is found, please
notify the carrier concerned at once. You, the consignee, must instigate any claim. Please
retain all packaging in case of future re-shipment.
5
Introduction and Key Features
Introduction
The C5 DSP amplifier systems from Coda Audio integrate light-weight power supplies, high
power sonically transparent class D amplifiers, complete system monitoring and a fully
featured USB or network controlled 24 bit 96kHz DSP processing platform as standard.
Key features
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One or two dual amplifier sections : two or four channels
•
Each section is completely independent with discrete PSU, amplifier and DSP
•
Fully featured PC control and telemetry of single devices or networks as standard
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Coda Audio class leading Class D amplifier stages
•
Minimal signal path and refined DSP algorithms for clean, dynamic and musical
audio performance
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Mechanical Installation
The C5 DSP amplifier system is designed to be mounted in a standard 19” rack enclosure.
Where the amplifier is used in a fixed installation, it is possible to use only the front panel
19” rack mounting holes to mount it in a standard rack enclosure. If the amplifier is
mounted in a mobile rack it is recommended that the rear rack mounting kit is fitted so
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the amplifier can be well supported. Damage caused by insufficient support is not covered
by the warranty.
To prevent damage to the front panel it is recommended that plastic cups or washers are
fitted underneath the rack mounting bolt heads.
It is possible to mount multiple C5 amplifiers without ventilation gaps between them but it
is essential that an unobstructed flow of clean air is available from the back of the unit to
the front. It is important the neither the air intakes at the rear of the unit or the exhaust
vents at the front are covered.
The amplifier should never be exposed to rain or moisture during operation or storage. If
the unit does come into contact with moisture, remove the AC power cord immediately
and leave it in a dry and warm location to dry out.
Note that when any equipment is taken from a cold location into a hot humid one,
condensation may occur inside the device. Always allow time for the equipment to attain
the same temperature as its surrounding environment before connecting the AC power
cord.
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AC Power Connection
WARNING! THIS APPLIANCE MUST BE GROUNDED.
The amplifier must always be connected using a 3-wire, grounded AC supply. The
framework of the rack mount enclosure should also be connected to the same grounding
circuit. The unit should never be operated unless the AC power cable ground is correctly
terminated; this is important for personal safety and for control of the system grounding.
The amplifier is supplied with a Neutrik PowerConTM type locking AC power connector. Use
only an AC power cord with a correctly terminated PowerConTM type connector to make
the connection to the mains power supply.
The C5 amplifiers are designed to operate on 50/60 Hz AC power. The power supply
sections automatically configure themselves for either 115V or 230V nominal voltage at
turn on. The amplifiers will operate over an extended range of supply voltages from;
nominal 115V / 230V +/- 10%.
Note that whilst the amplifier will operate correctly at voltages indicated, the specified
output power will only be achieved when operating with the stated nominal voltages.
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Audio Connections
For each amplifier channel there are female and male XLR input connectors which are
wired in parallel. Typically the female connector is used for the audio input, the male XLR
connector being available to link the same audio signal to another amplifier channel.
The HOT, + or ‘in phase’ connection should be made to pin 2 of the XLR connector.
The COLD, - or ‘out of phase’ connection should be made to pin 3 of the XLR connector.
Pin 1 of the XLR connectors is internally connected to the chassis. The screen of the input
cable should always be connected to one of these points to ensure that EMC performance
and regulations are met. The cable shield ground should also be connected to the source
device which is providing the input signal to the amplifiers.
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Using unbalanced connections
When connecting the C5 amplifier to an unbalanced audio source, the signal conductor
should be terminated to XLR pin2 and the cable screen terminated to both pins 1 and 3.
In bridged mode output channel 1 signal chain provides the signal for the 1 & 2 pair of
amplifier channels, output channel 3 signal chain provides the signal for the 3 & 4 pair.
Amplifier output connections
The C5 amplifier is fitted with one SpeakonTM connector per amplifier channel. The
appropriate conductor terminations are shown below and on the rear panel of the unit.
The SpeakonTM connector for amplifier channel 1 carries the output for amplifier channels
1 and 2. In addition this connector can also be used if the pair of amplifier channels is
being operated in bridged mode.
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More than one speaker can be connected to each channel provided the total impedance
per channel is not less than 2 ohms. In bridged mode the minimum total impedance
should not be less than 4 ohms.
100V line operation
A single channel of an C5 can deliver 1250W in to 2 Ohms, therefore the RMS voltage at
the speaker terminals when delivering this will be √(1,250 x2) = 50V.
If each channel is not loaded to full capacity of 1,250W (typically a 70V / 100V application
will not load it this heavily) then the voltage will be higher than this because the power
rails will not be sagging so much; approximately 60V.
Dependent on which voltage you use, a single channel will drive a 70V line to within either
3dB or 1.3dB of maximum and it will drive a 100V line to within 6dB or 4.5dB of
maximum.
A bridged pair of channel can deliver 2,500W in to 4 Ohms which equates to an RMS
voltage of 100V or approximately 120V with a lower load than the full 2,500W.
Dependent on which voltage you use with a bridged pair of channels, the C5 will be able
to overdrive a 70V line by either 3dB or 4.7dB and a 100V line being driven perfectly or
overdriven by 1.6dB.
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Front Panel
Power Switch
The C5 amplifier is fitted with either one or two dual channel power modules. As the
power modules operate independently there is a separate power switch for each. When
the power switch is operated, the protect indicator will flash while the DSP and amplifier
control systems are prepared. After approximately 3-4 seconds the amplifier will be
operational and the audio level is gradually ramped up.
Power ON indicator
Each Power Switch is associated with a POWER indicator. This green indicator is lit when
power is applied and the power switch is in the ON position.
Bridged Mode indicator
It is possible to use the dual channel power modules in Bridged Mode. This is enabled
using the C-Net PC control application. Further details on Bridge Mode can be found in the
C-Net control section of this user mode.
Control Software Online indicator
A network of C-Net compatible products including the C5 range of DSP amplifiers can be
controlled, configured and monitored using the C-Net PC application. The Online indicator
will light when the amplifier is correctly connected to C-Net.
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Protect
The C5 DSP amplifier system has sophisticated protection and monitoring systems which
keep the amplifier within its safe operating window whenever possible. This indicator
lights when the protection systems are active in any way.
User DSP indicator
Using the C-Net PC application the user can introduce audio processing such as EQ, gain
and delay. These settings can be bypassed using the User DSP settings defeat button. The
indicator will be lit when these DSP settings are in use.
User DSP Setting Defeat button
This button allows the user to bypass the user DSP settings; its status is shown by the
User DSP indicator.
Input Signal Indicators
A set of three pairs of indicators show signal present, 6dB below limit, and limit for each
channel. The signal present indicators operate at approximately 50 dB below maximum
output, giving a useful indication of even relatively low input signal levels. The -6dB
indicators are intended to show when the output is almost at maximum level. The Limit
indicators warn the user that the output has reached maximum and that the signal limiters
are now constraining the output.
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Rear Panel
Power Inlet
The C5 amplifier should be connected to a suitable mains electricity supply using the cable
supplied. The unit uses auto ranging switch mode power supplies which are capable of
operating with a nominal mains voltage of either 115V or 230V, 50/60Hz without reconfiguration.
Audio Input Connectors
All audio connections are fully balanced and wired pin-1 ground, pin-2 hot & pin-3 cold.
The two inputs have pin-1 connected directly to the chassis and feed the signal processing
chains. If an unbalanced source is used, a connection should be made between the pin-3
‘cold’ signal and the ground connection of the unbalanced source.
Audio Output Connectors
Each amplifier pair has two speaker outputs.
There are two Neutrik SpeakonTM connectors for each amplifier pair:
Speakon 1 (or 3) carries both channel 1 (or 3) and channel 2 (or 4) outputs
Speakon 2 (or 4) carries channel 2 (or 4) output
For non-bridge connections, use Speakon 1 (or 3) for the first speaker, and Speakon 2 (or
4) for the second speaker. Use pins 1+ and 1-.
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Or alternatively, if you want to have one cable feeding two speakers, use Speakon 1 (or 3)
pins 1+ and 1- for the first speaker, and pins 2+ and 2- for the second speaker.
For Bridge operation, use Speakon 1 (or 3) pins 1+ and 2+ (1+ for Speaker + and 2+ for
speaker -)
Communications Port Connections
Coda Audio C5 DSP amplifiers may be controlled and monitored using the C-Net PC
application. There are two ways of connecting your computer to the C5:
1 – Using the USB socket (when you want to connect your computer to just one C5)
2 – Using the C-Net network sockets (when you want to control several products)
When using the C-Net sockets, you will need to use a C-Net Interface accessory to allow
your computer to communicate with the C-Net network.
Before connecting a USB port from your computer to either the USB socket on C5, or to a
C-Net Interface, you will first need to run the USB driver installation utility which you will
find on the CD-ROM supplied with this product, or may be downloaded from
www.codaaudio.com
Once the USB driver utility has been installed, you can then plug in your USB lead from
your computer. With operating systems such as Vista or Windows7, you should not need
to intervene in any way. With other operating systems (such as XP), you will need to go
through the USB driver installation process which will initiate when you plug your USB
cable in. This generally involves accepting the default answers. For further help on this
process, please see the USB driver installation notes on the CD-ROM or on the website.
When using the C-Net Network, you should connect from a Link socket on one device to
the In socket on another device. The C-Net network may be ‘daisy chained’ in this way
through as many devices as you require (although a sensible limit would be perhaps 24
devices, after which you should consider using more than one C-Net Interface to create
more than one sub-network). A C-Net network can have a total length of up to 1km using
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Cat5 cable. If you are using USB to connect to the C-Net Interface, then the Interface will
usually power itself via USB. However, if you are using RS232, or if you are using an
unpowered USB hub, or you have some network powered C-Net network equipment in the
network, then you will need to use an Accessory Power Supply to power the Interface.
The Aux In socket may be used to select between a number of ‘Voices’ that may have
been programmed into the C5 using factory files (*.dfa) supplied Coda Audio. These files
would be loaded into the C5 via the C-Net application. Coda Audio will give you details of
how to make connections to the Aux port when using their factory files. The currently
selected Voice is indicated on the C-Net panel. The Aux Out socket allows you to chain
the Aux connections on to further C5 so that the same voice selection is done on all of
them. There is no practical limit to the number of C5 that may be chained together via the
Aux sockets.
Please note that although the C-Net and the Aux ports are standard RJ45 sockets, these
are not Ethernet. Do not connect these to Ethernet equipment.
C-Net Amplifier Control Panel
The C5 amplifier is shipped with standard settings in the Digital Signal Processor (DSP) so
it will function in the same way as any ‘standard’ amplifier without on-board processing.
However each two channel amplifier section contains a fully featured DSP which can be
configured to process the audio signals as required for a given application or loudspeaker
system. In addition to the digital processing the amplifiers also provide complete telemetry
and status information.
The powerful and easy to use C-Net PC application provides control and monitoring of one
unit or a whole network of devices.
C-Net and related driver software are provided on the CD which comes with the C5
amplifier or can be downloaded free from:
www.codaaudio.com
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This section of the user guide explains the functions of the C-Net control panel for the C5
DSP amplifiers. For further help and information on the main C-Net application please click
on the help button on the main application. For more detailed help about the C5 control
panel, click the “?” in the right-hand corner of the C5 control panel in C-Net.
Amplifier Channels
It is important to realize that each two channel amplifier section contains its’ own DSP. So
a four channel amplifier is logically split into two sections, each with two channels. There
is an independent two channel control panel associated with each section. Each section
will appear in C-Net as an independent ‘device’ in the Network Tree.
The Tree will add the Device Name with the Role Number for each of the sections in
square brackets. The Role Number 1 section is for Channels 1 and 2, and Role Number 2
for channels 3 and 4.
The descriptions of the C-Net control panel therefore relate to a 2-channel section.
The amplifier has two or four inputs and two or four outputs. There is not necessarily a
1:1 correspondence between inputs and output because the routing between inputs and
outputs may be changed; either by you or by Coda Audio (see the Hidden Controls section
for more details). For example, one input may be used to feed two outputs.
User Controls
The control panel for the DSP amplifier allows the parameters to be viewed and adjusted.
The panel may have one of two different formats: A monitoring panel (the ‘MonIcon’)
where the status of the amplifier may be viewed, or a full control panel where all the
controls to adjust parameters are located. The full panel has a ‘tabbed’ area which allows
you to choose from a number of different areas of interest.
There are some controls such as mute, which are displayed constantly; the remaining
parameter controls being organised into tabbed groups depending upon function.
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Monitoring Section (MonIcon)
This allows you to view what is going on inside the amplifier at a glance. There are input
signal level meters showing the input signal level on each input, signal level meter(s) for
each output which indicate signal level relative to the limiter setting for each output, a
thermal meter giving an impression of the temperature inside the amplifier, an amplifier
status indicator showing when an amplifier is protecting itself from damage due to
abnormal operating conditions, and Driver indicator(s) showing when the impedance of a
driver is outside normal range. Generally, the indicators show green whilst all is well and
red when something is wrong.
You may also mute the amplifier inputs using the mute buttons. You can change the view
to the main panel by clicking the “>>” button.
User DSP
The amplifier can either use:
•
Factory settings determined entirely by the Factory preset file from Coda Audio
(called “Factory voice”) – see Loading Factory Presets, or
•
Your own settings (called “User voice”) which overlay these basic factory settings.
A recessed Defeat button on the front of the amplifier allows you to select between
Factory and User DSP settings. Click the button to toggle between these two modes.
When the User DSP indicator is off, the amplifier is in Factory voice. In the Factory voice,
you cannot change any of the settings; they are fixed by Coda Audio (and thus are a safe
‘fallback’ if something goes wrong with your settings). Only when the indicator is on will
changes you make in C-Net be heard. Note however that if you make adjustments on the
C-Net control panel when the amplifier is set to Factory voice, the settings are changed
and stored in the amplifier, but you will not be able to hear the changes until the button is
set to User DSP. A red warning message will be shown on the C-Net panel when in
Factory voice.
An indicator at the top of the C-Net panel to the right of the status indicators also shows
the Voice setting of the amplifier (Voice 1 – User, or Voice 2 - Factory).
If you wish to make the amplifier entirely secure from tampering, you can disable the User
DSP button by ticking the “Disable User Defeat Button” tickbox on the Properties / Options
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tab of the C-Net control panel. This locks the amplifier into the User Voice regardless of
the setting of the push button.
Also see Loading Factory Presets and Aux In Port
Main Control Panel
The Input area allows you to adjust the input sensitivity of each input of the amplifier, and
to change the polarity of each input, allowing you to reverse the phase of the
loudspeakers fed from that input.
The Output section allows you to control the output drive level of each amplifier. Also,
depending on which parameters have been hidden by Coda Audio, you may also be able
to:
•
Adjust the routing from inputs to outputs (allowing you for example to feed two
outputs from one input). Regardless of hiding, you will always be able to see the
routing in use
•
Control Bridge mode (see Bridge Mode)
•
Adjust the protection limiters (see Limiters).
The EQ / Delay tab(s) allows you to adjust the equalization, High-pass and Low-pass
filters, and delays.
The equalization allows you to adjust the frequency and Gain (boost/cut) for each of the
equalization filters, and the bandwidth of the parametric equalisers. The latter controls
allow the responsiveness of the filters to be adjusted either as Octaves or Q, depending on
the setting of Preferences>Show Bandwidth As. There is also a Low-shelf and a High-shelf
filter, each with Frequency, Slope and Gain controls.
A 'Frequency Response' curve shows the shape of each filter individually (by colour), and
the combined effect of all equalization (in white).
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The Properties/Options tab contains some properties of the amplifier. Here, you can enter
a name for the amplifier (such as “Left Fill”). Also viewable in this tab are the model name
of the amplifier, and the name of the settings provided by Coda Audio of the factory file.
The Maintenance area shows some details of how the amplifier has been used and the
amount of protection the amplifier is applying.
The Logs area contains graphs of events against time, recording events over a period of
up to three days. Since the amplifier cannot record any events whilst powered-off, breaks
in a log due to power-downs are indicated by a break symbol || in the log. The events
recorded are: Thermal, which is the used thermal capacity, Protection, which is a measure
of how much the amplifier is ‘dimming’ itself in order to protect itself from potential
damage, and peak output current for each output. The data in the log can be exported by
right-clicking on the log to launch a context menu, and selecting “copy log data to
clipboard”. The data could then be pasted into a spreadsheet for further analysis. Your
dealer may ask you to do this is you have experienced a problem.
The Power button allows the amplifier to be put into power saving mode when it is not
being used. The associated Auto Power Save Time control allows the amplifier to
automatically go into power-save if no audio signal has been detected for a period of time.
This function can be defeated by setting the latter control to Manual. We would strongly
advise leaving it set to automatic however. There is no negative consequence to doing this
since ‘wake-up’ on detecting the presence of an audio input signal is instantaneous.
You can change the view to the MonIcon panel by clicking the “<<” button.
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Hidden Controls
Coda Audio may have hidden some of the controls on the panel in order to maintain
proper protection of the connected loudspeakers. Such hidden controls will appear grey
and cannot be adjusted.
Saving & Recalling Data
Device Data may be saved to disk or opened from disk. C-Net Device Settings files (with
file extension .dse) contain all the data necessary to restore a device to exactly the same
state as when the file was saved.
If the current settings have been changed since the last file save or file open, the Save
Icon on the panel toolbar will be shown in solid colour. If the settings are already safe, the
Save icon appears grey.
If a file is opened when on-line to devices, the new data will be sent to the device,
overwriting whatever was in the device. A warning will be given before this is done. Data
saved from one device can be reopened in another to save time inputting data. (Assuming
settings are to be duplicated)
C-Net will always try to protect your data, warning you if you are attempting an action
that could cause loss of data.
Loading Factory Presets
Coda Audio will provide you with one or more ‘preset library’ files which contain settings
for specific loudspeakers. These take the form of Factory files (Device Factory files (with
file extension .dfa)).
When you load preset factory settings into this type of device, the current user settings
will be preserved since the factory settings will only overwrite the default factory DSP
settings rather than the User DSP settings. However, routing (source selection), Limiter
thresholds and Bridge mode become overwritten by the values in the factory file, even if
Coda Audio has allowed you to edit these.
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For further information on loading factory settings, please refer to the C-Net application
main help.
Tool Bar
The toolbar provides the following one-click functions:
Open
Opens a file which contains parameters for the device. A dialogue will appear, inviting you
to choose a file to open.
Save
Saves the current settings. A dialogue will appear inviting you to enter a file name. If the
settings have not changed since you last saved or opened a file, the Icon will appear
greyed out, indicating that a save is not necessary.
Locate
Flashes the Online indicator on the amplifier section to assist device identification, and as
a quick check that communications are working. This only works when on-line.
Help
Launches Panel Help
Keyboard Shortcuts
C-Net supports the following ‘shortcuts’:
Tab
Move to next control
In value boxes:
CTL+C
Copy
CTL+V
Paste
CTL+X
Cut
CTL+Z
Undo
On Drop-down, Spin, Push, Fader and radio controls:
PgUp
Increase value (coarsely)
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PgDown
Reduce value (coarsely)
Up/Right arrow
Increase value (finely)
Down/Left arrow
Reduce value (finely)
On push-button controls:
Space
Activate
Audio Processing
The Digital Signal Processor (DSP) within the amplifier does all the necessary processing
(such as crossover filtering, driver equalization and power limiting) for the loudspeaker to
give you a solution which operates well in most circumstances without the need for further
user adjustment (apart from gain). The user may however apply further processing to
optimize the amplifier for a given application.
The following user processing is available:
High-pass/Low-pass filtering with frequency variable over the range 20Hz to 25kHz (and
‘Out’) with the following alignments:
1st order
12dB/Octave Bessel
12dB/Octave Butterworth
12dB/Octave Linkwitz-Riley
18dB/Octave Bessel
18dB/Octave Butterworth
24dB/Octave Bessel
24dB/Octave Butterworth
24dB/Octave Linkwitz-Riley
A 2nd order low-shelf filter with frequency variable over the range 10Hz to 25kHz, and
boost/cut from –15 to +15dB, and slope from 6 to 12dB/Octave.
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A 2nd order high-shelf filter with frequency variable over the range 10Hz to 25kHz, and
boost/cut from –15 to +15dB, and slope from 6 to 12dB/Octave.
Eight bands of parametric equalizer, each band having frequency variable over the range
10Hz to 25kHz, bandwidth variable from 0.18 to 5.6 octaves (Q 0.15 to 8.1), and
boost/cut from –15 to +15dB.
Delay adjustable up to 90ms.
Adjustable input gain from –30 to +15dB, mute and polarity.
Adjustable output gain from –30 to +15dB.
Equalisation Filters
The eight parametric equalisation filters may each be used to emphasize (by applying a
positive Gain parameter setting) or de-emphasizing (by applying a negative Gain
parameter setting) a range of frequencies centered on the setting of the Frequency
parameter, and encompassing a frequency range determined by the Bandwidth parameter
setting.
The two shelving filters allow all frequencies below that of the frequency parameter (for
the Low shelf) or all frequencies above that of the frequency parameter (for the high
shelf) to be emphasized (by applying a positive Gain parameter setting) or de-emphasized
(by applying a negative Gain parameter setting).
The ten filters are used in combination to achieve the desired response across all
frequencies.
Bridge Mode
When the amplifier is set to Bridge Mode, it uses two amplifier channels to drive one
loudspeaker with greater power. In this mode, there is only one set of Output controls per
pair of amplifier channels since both of the amplifiers in the pair are driven with the same
signals, as determined by the channel 1 (or channel 3) controls.
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Protection
Comprehensive protection features preserve the longevity of the loudspeaker and amplifier
by continuously monitoring several critical parameters, and reducing the gain, or muting
the amplifier either temporarily or permanently depending on the nature and seriousness
of the fault or misuse. The amplifier will recover and restart if at all possible, but may
remain in shut down if a serious fault persists.
Limiters deal with routine over-driving of the amplifier, making sure that the driver(s) are
not pushed too hard. The limiter indicator(s) will warn you when the driver is being driven
into limit.
Minor faults are dealt with by ‘dimming’ the amplifier, reducing the level to a sufficient
degree and for a sufficient time that the amplifier is able to recover gracefully without any
user interaction. When the fault condition has passed, the amplifier will recover
automatically.
More serious faults may cause the amplifier to mute while it recovers, after which it will
automatically re-energize, again without user interaction. If such a fault is found to be
persistent however, the amplifier is shut down permanently. A power cycle by the user is
then required.
Limiters
Coda Audio may have allowed you access to the Limiter threshold settings. These settings
require careful adjustment in order to protect your loudspeakers. Please refer to Coda
Audio for advice on the appropriate settings to use. Note that a setting of 0dB on the
limiters equates to +36.8dBu = 53.8Vrms (or +42.8dBu, 107.7Vrms in bridge mode). The
equivalent RMS voltage at the output is also shown under the Threshold controls.
For further help on the C-Net application, click the help button on the main application.
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EQ and Filter Response Graphs
The following plots show the attenuation characteristics of the various crossover filters
available within the C5. These are all shown at a crossover frequency of 1kHz.
Butterworth
6
Magnitude, dB
0
6
12
18
24
30
36
100
1 .10
Frequency, Hz
3
1 .10
4
6dB/Oct
12dB/Oct
18dB/Oct
24dB/Oct
48dB/Oct
Linkwitz-Riley
6
Magnitude, dB
0
6
12
18
24
30
36
100
1 .10
Frequency, Hz
3
12dB/Oct
24dB/Oct
48dB/Oct
27
1 .10
4
Bessel
6
Magnitude, dB
0
6
12
18
24
30
36
100
3
1 .10
Frequency, Hz
1 .10
4
12dB/Oct
24dB/Oct
Hardman
6
Magnitude, dB
0
6
12
18
24
30
36
100
1 .10
Frequency, Hz
3
4th Order
8th Order
28
1 .10
4
The following plots show the magnitude response (frequency response) characteristics of
the various equalization filters available within the C5. These are all shown at a c
frequency of 1kHz.
Shelving EQ
15
Magnitude, dB
10
5
0
5
10
15
100
1 .10
Frequency, Hz
3
1 .10
4
Low shelf, varying Gain
High shelf, varying Slope
Parametric EQ
15
Magnitude, dB
10
5
0
5
10
15
100
1 .10
Frequency, Hz
3
Varying Gain
Varying Bandwidth
29
1 .10
4
Signal Processing Block Diagram
Please note that each C5 contains two of these processing blocks, one for each pair of
channels.
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Technical Specifications
AUDIO
Input impedance
10k balanced
Max Input level
+20dBu
Frequency Response
20Hz - 20kHz+/-0.5dB
@ 4 Ohm load
Output noise
-106dB A weighted Ref max output, 22kHz BW
Distortion
<0.05% (1kHz, -3dB output. 22kHz BW)
PROTECTION SYSTEMS
Output over current
Initially gain reduced to maintain control, extreme or persistent over current causes shutdown
Over temperature
limiters applied, persistent over temperature causes shutdown
Mains Brownout
Automatic protection & recovery
Switch on surge
Soft-start current inrush limiting
DC on output
Immediate shutdown, power cycle to recover
INDICATORS & CONTROLS
Indicators Per channel
Sig, Limit -6dB, Limit
Indicators Per channel pair
Power, Protect, Bridge, Network, User DSP active
Front panel controls:
Per channel pair
User DSP Defeat - can be disabled with C-Net
Power switch
Rear panel:
Per channel pair
Contact closure inputs and Shutdown input (Aux)
Monitoring facilities
Input signal level, Output signal level
Output current level
Temperature
Limiter operation
Protection system operation
Driver impedance
AMPLIFIERS
Type
High efficiency class D
Number of channels
Two / Four
Output power
(RMS program, 20Hz-20kHz all channels driven)
per channel
1,250W in to 2 Ohms
800W in to 4 Ohms
450W in to 8 Ohms
per bridged pair
2,500W in to 4 Ohms
1,600W in to 8 Ohms
900W in to 16 Ohms
Slew rate
>80V/us
Damping factor
120 ref 8 Ohms
31
Efficiency
>90% typical
POWER SUPPLIES
Type
High current, high freq. switch-mode
Number
One / Two, fully independent
Efficiency
>90% typical
Input voltage
115v / 230v nominal +/- 10%
* for 100v operation output figures please see separate specifications
Input voltage selection
Automatic
Mains frequency range
45 - 65Hz
Other features
Automatic soft-start
Automatic brownout recovery
Remote shutdown
Automatic over voltage protection
THERMAL
One variable speed fan per pair of channels and additionally one variable speed fan per unit
Airflow is from the rear to the front
ACCESSORIES
Airflow filtering kit
Rear rack support kit
PHYSICAL
Height
2RU, 88mm
Width
19", 482mm (front panel)
16.8", 427mm (rear chassis)
Depth
14”, 360mm (behind rack)
1.4", 35mm (forward of rack)
Weight
20 pounds, 9 Kgs
Operating temperature range 0 to +40°C
Relative humidity range
0 to 80% (non-condensing)
CONNECTIONS
Mains (per C5)
Neutrik ‘Powercon’
Audio input (per channel)
3 pin female XLR
Audio link (per channel)
3 pin male XLR
Output (per channel)
Neutrik NL4 ‘Speakon’
USB
Type B (peripheral type)
Network (input & link)
2x RJ45 socket
Auxiliary (input & link)
2x RJ45 socket
*100v OPERATION
Output power 4 channels (RMS program, 20Hz-20kHz all channels driven)
4 x 945W in to 2 Ohms
4 x 605W in to 4 Ohms
4 x 340W in to 8 Ohms
32
Output power 2 bridged channels (RMS program, 20Hz-20kHz all channels driven)
per bridged pair
2 x 1890W in to 4 Ohms
2 x 1210W in to 8 Ohms
Output power 3 channels (RMS program, 20Hz-20kHz all channels driven)
2 x 945@2 Ohms + 1890W@4 Ohms
2 x 605W@4 Ohms + 1890W@4 Ohms
2 x 340@8 Ohms + 945W@8 Ohms
Recommended minimum operating voltage
230V range
115V range
155V
80V
Note that the range is automatically selected.
REGULATORY COMPLIANCE
This product complies with the EMC & LVD directives as issued by the Commission of the European Community. Compliance with these directives
implies conformity with the following European standards:
EN55103-1
Electromagnetic Interference (Emission)
EN55103-2
Electromagnetic Susceptibility (Immunity)
EN60065 Electrical safety
C5 also meets the requirements of FCC part 15B.
33