Roving Networks RN-374 User manual

Advanced User Manual
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rn-bluetooth-um Version 4.77 11/21/2009
Roving Networks Bluetooth™ Product User Manual
This manual contains the programming guide and command set for the complete family of Roving Networks Bluetooth
products. All Roving Networks modules, super modules, serial adapters and USB dongle (RN-USB-X) share the same
command set. Any commands specific to a given product will be highlighted as they appear in this document. For basic
usage information and a summary of common commands refer to the Install Guide for a given product.
Version 4.77
August 27, 2009
Roving Networks reserves the right to make corrections, modifications, and changes to its products, documentation and services
at any time, without notice. Customers should obtain the latest relevant information before placing orders and should verify that
such information is current and complete. Customers are responsible for their products and applications using Roving Networks
components. To minimize the risks, customers should provide adequate design and operating safeguards. Roving Networks
products are not authorized for use in safety-critical applications (such as life support) where a failure of the Roving Networks
product would reasonably be expected to cause severe personal injury or death.
Roving Networks and FireFlyAll are trademarks of Roving Networks, all other trademarks are property of their respective
owners.
Copyright © 2009 Roving Networks. All rights reserved.
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1
Introduction ...............................................................................................................................................3
1.1
Making a Connection ........................................................................................................................3
2
Modes of Operation ...................................................................................................................................4
3
Configuration ....................................................................................................................................4
3.1
Command Mode vs. Data mode .......................................................................................................5
3.2
Local Configuration (via serial port) ................................................................................................5
3.3
Remote Configuration (via Bluetooth) .............................................................................................5
3.4
Using DIP switches and PIO for Configuration ...............................................................................6
4
Command Reference .................................................................................................................................8
1.2
SET Commands ................................................................................................................................8
4.1
GET Commands .............................................................................................................................12
4.2
CHANGE Commands.....................................................................................................................12
4.3
ACTION Commands ......................................................................................................................13
4.4
GPIO Commands ............................................................................................................................15
5
Power Management .................................................................................................................................16
5.1
Optimizing Inquiry (Discovery) and Page (Connection) Windows ...............................................16
5.2
SNIFF mode ....................................................................................................................................16
5.3
Enabling Deep Sleep .......................................................................................................................17
5.4
Disabling Output Drivers ................................................................................................................17
5.5
Lowering Transmit Power ..............................................................................................................18
6
Profile Settings and Features ...................................................................................................................18
6.1
Alternate Profile Selection ..............................................................................................................18
6.2
Using PIO as Modem Control Signals ............................................................................................19
7
Design Concerns......................................................................................................................................20
7.1
Hardware Signals ............................................................................................................................20
7.2
Hardware Connections and Power ..................................................................................................20
7.3
LED Status ......................................................................................................................................21
7.4
Optimizing for Latency or Throughput ..........................................................................................21
7.5
Limitations of 7 Bit Data Mode ......................................................................................................21
8
Common Problems and Questions ..........................................................................................................22
9
Discovery and Connection ......................................................................................................................23
10
Serial Adapter Configuration...............................................................................................................24
10.1 Serial interface hardware flow control ............................................................................................24
10.2 Dip Switch Settings ........................................................................................................................25
10.3 Instant Cable Replacement .............................................................................................................25
Appendix A: Bluetooth Evaluation Board.......................................................................................................26
Power Terminals..........................................................................................................................................26
Default LED status ......................................................................................................................................26
Appendix B: Command Quick Reference .......................................................................................................29
Appendix C: Factory Default Settings ............................................................................................................31
Appendix D: Firmware Revision History .......................................................................................................32
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Introduction
This document contains the software command set and advanced configuration settings for Roving Networks
Bluetooth devices. The document covers FireFly and BluePort serial adapters, all Bluetooth modules, and the
FirePlug USB dongle. Commands and settings that are specific to a single product or product family will be
identified as such in the document.
The reader should have a working knowledge of Bluetooth operation and communications. To program the
Roving Networks devices you will need a Bluetooth enabled PC (either built-in or using a USB Bluetooth
dongle). Only one device may be programmed at a time. Once programmed and configured device settings
remain (independent of power down) until they are explicitly changed or the factory defaults are restored.
Prior to getting started, power on the device and pair it with your PC. Roving Networks Bluetooth devices
can be programmed over the Bluetooth link or through the serial interface. To program the device you will
need to connect to the device by opening the COM port assigned to the Roving Network device through
either the Bluetooth or serial port interface.
Roving Networks Bluetooth devices are programmed with a simple ASCI command language which is
similar to the industry standard Hayes AT protocol. Set commands configure the module and get commands
echo the current configuration. Configuration settings modified with the set command do not take effect until
after the module has been rebooted, even though the get command may show otherwise.
1.1
Making a Connection
By default the Roving Networks device shows up under the Bluetooth Devices directory as Serial Port Profile
(SPP) Service “FireFly-ABCD”, where “FireFly” is the type of Roving Networks device and “ABCD” is the
last four nibbles of the Bluetoot MAC address. The local device name can be changed. You will need to pair
with the device by double clicking on the device name and following the menu. The firmware automatically
stores up to 8 pairings from remote hosts in a first in, first out fashion.
If the remote Bluetooth device does not require authentication, a connection can occur without the pairing
process. However the Bluetooth specification requires that if either device involved in the pairing process
requires authentication, the other device must participate to ensure a secure link. The default mode of Roving
modules is an OPEN mode, such that the module does NOT require authentication. However most PC’s will
require authentication.
The pass key is a string of alpha or numeric chars, 1 to 16 chars in length. During the initial pairing process,
this code is entered on both sides of the Bluetooth connection, and must match to complete the pairing. This
passkey is used to create a secure link-key, which is then stored on both devices. Upon subsequent
connection attempts, the link-keys are compared and must match before the connection can continue. The
default Passkey is “1234”.
To connect to FireFly, browse for services, you should see: “SPP” profile with a virtual COM port. Open this
virtual COM port to create a Bluetooth connection. Once connected, the device will be in data mode
allowing data to flow in both directions as if the serial port were locally attached to the PC. The device must
be in command mode for configuration and programming. To enter command mode type “$$$” (three
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dollar signs) from either the remote Bluetooth connection or the local serial port connection. You must enter
command mode within 60 seconds (configurable by setting the config timer).
NOTE: Only one client can make connection to FireFly slave at a time. As a master, it is possible to make
multiple connections from FireFly, but only in a point-to-point, serialized fashion. At this time Roving
Networks devices do not support multipoint master mode.
2
Modes of Operation
Operational modes can be set using the SM command
Slave mode (SM,0)
This is the default mode, whereby other Bluetooth devices can discover and connect to the device.
Outbound connections can also be made in this mode.
Master Mode (SM,1)
This mode is useful when the device wants to initiate connections (not receive them). In this mode
the device will NOT be discoverable or connectable.
Trigger Master Mode (SM,2)
In this mode, the device will automatically connect to the pre configured remote slave address when
a character (or characters) are received on the local UART. Connection will remain open until a
configurable idle timer (1 to 255 seconds) expires with no data being received, or a configurable
BREAK character is seen.
Auto-connect (Master Mode) (SM,3)
This mode can be set by command, or by setting the external dip switch 3 during power up by the
on the FireFly and BluePort serial adapter or setting high PIO6 on the Bluetooth modules. If this
mode is set, the device will initiate a connection to the pre-stored remote address immediately upon
power up. If no address is stored, an inquiry process will be attempted and the first device found
that matches the COD will be stored. In this mode, data is passed without being interpreted by the
Blueport (high speed), hence the connection cannot be broken via command. If disconnect occurs,
the device will attempt to re-connect until successful.
Auto-connect (DTR Mode) (SM,4)
This mode must be set by command. This mode operates like Auto-Connect Master mode, except
that the connection and disconnection are controlled by the external dip switch 3 on the FireFly and
BluePort serial adapter and PIO6 on the Bluetooth modules. Setting the Switch ON/PIO6 high
will initiate auto-connect process, and OFF/PIO6 low will cause a disconnect.
Auto-connect ANY Mode (SM,5)
This mode must be set by command. This mode operates like Auto-connect DTR mode, except that
each time the Switch/PIO is set, an inquiry is performed and the first device found is connected.
The stored address is NOT used, and the found address is never stored.
3
Configuration
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Command Mode vs. Data mode
Upon power up the device will be in data mode. To enter command mode, send the characters “$$$” through
the serial port or from the remote Bluetooth connection. The device will respond with “CMD”. To exit
command mode, send “---<cr>”. The device will respond with “END”.
While in command mode, the device will accept ASCII bytes as commands.
A quick check to see if you are in command mode is to type the “D” and “E” commands after entering
command mode. This will show the parameters, such as the Bluetooth Name, Class of Device and Serial Port
settings. To access configuration, the device must be in command mode by issuing “$$$”.
You must enter command mode with in the 60 second configuration window or the module will go into fast
data mode where all characters are ignored including the “$$$”. If the configuration timer expires while in
command mode the device will not go into fast data mode after exiting command mode.
You can not enter command mode from the remote Bluetooth connection if the device is in Master Mode.
3.2
Local Configuration (via serial port)
Use a normal RS-232 pass through cable from PC to send ASCII characters through the terminal to the
Roving Networks device. The serial port settings must match the Roving Networks serial port configuration.
By default these are set to:
• Baud rate 115,200
• 8 bits
• No Parity
• 1 stop bit
• Hardware flow control enabled
Local configuration works at any time when the device does NOT have a Bluetooth connection, and also
works under certain conditions. If the device is in configuration mode and a connection occurs, the device
will exit configuration mode, and data will pass back and forth from the remote device.
Run your favorite terminal emulator, HyperTerminal or other program. Type “$$$” on your screen. You
should see “CMD” returned to you. This will verify that your cable and comm. settings are correct. Valid
commands will return an “AOK”, response, and invalid ones will return “ERR “. Commands that are not
recognized will return a “?”.
To exit command mode, type “---“<cr>. (three minus signs).
NOTE: You can enter command mode locally over the serial port at any time when not connected.
Once a connection is made, you can only enter command mode if the config timer has not expired.
To remain in configuration mode set the config timer to 255. Also, if the device is in Auto Master mode 3, you
will NOT be able to enter command mode when connected over Bluetooth.
3.3
Remote Configuration (via Bluetooth)
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It is often useful to be able to perform configuration remotely over a Bluetooth connection. To do this,
connect to the device over Bluetooth, and using your terminal emulator, perform the same steps as you would
for local configuration above. When finished configuring, be sure to either reset the device, or Send the “--“command, which will exit configuration mode and allow data to pass normally.
NOTE: You can only enter command mode remotely over Bluetooth if you have made a connection and sent
the $$$ within the “config timer” window after powerup. This can be modified, the default config timer
expires 60 seconds after powerup. Once the timer has expired, any data sent to the device will pass
unmodified and unrecognized by the command interpreter. The timer can be set to any value from 0 (disable
remote configuration) to 255 decimal , which allows continuous (no timeout) configuration. WARNING:
Configuration mode (local or remote) is NEVER enabled when the device is in auto-mode and is connected
over Bluetooth.
CONFIG TIMER settings
VALUE
(decimal)
0
1-252
253
254
255
3.4
DESCRIPTION
No remote config, No local config when connected
Time in seconds from power up to allow config
Continous config LOCAL only
Contiuous config, REMOTE only
Continous config, both LOCAL and REMOTE
Using DIP switches and PIO for Configuration
Function
Factory Reset
Auto Discovery/Pairing
Auto-Connect
Baudrate
DIP Switch
(adapters)
1
2
3
4
PIO (modules)
PIO
PIO
PIO
PIO
4
3
6
7
Settings (OFF = 0VDC / ON = 3VDC)
OFF = disabled, ON = ARMED
OFF = disabled, ON = enabled
OFF = disabled, ON = enabled
OFF = stored setting (115K), ON = 9600
Factory Reset- Set this switch/PIO on power up to arm the reset function. Then toggle OFF / ON three
times to reset all settings to the factory defaults (other than the Bluetooth name).
Auto Discovery/Pairing Mode - Used with Switch3/PIO6. If Switch3/PIO6 also set,, the device will
perform a device Inquiry Scan, searching for a partner Device with a special matching class, (0x55AA) and
once found, store the address of such device into the remote address field, and then auto-connect to the
remote device. If Switch3/PIO6 is NOT set, the device will enter slave mode with the special matching
class, waiting to be found by the master. This mode is usually set once on both ends of a pair of devices, for
instant “cable replacement”, and then removed.
Auto Connect mode –This is equivalent to auto-master mode 3 in software. The device will connect to
the stored address. If Switch2/PIO3 is also set, new discovery/pairing can be made.
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Baud Rate select - used to configure 9600 or software selected (default=115K ) baudrate. If the switch is
OFF, the stored baudrate setting will be used. When the switch is in the ON position, the baudrate will be set
to 9600 regardless of the software setting.
NOTE: for the purpose of configuration above, the swithes/IO pins are sampled ONLY at power up time,
(during the first 500milliseconds) so they can be used for other functions once the device is in operation.
The exception is the factory reset switch/PIO, which once enabled, can be toggled at any time after powerup,
a total of 3 transitions will cause the factory reset to occur.
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Command Reference
All commands are either one or two characters and can be upper or lower case. Arguments for commands are
delimited by a comma. Commands take decimal input except where noted. Text data, such as Bluetooth
name, and pin code, are case sensitive. Commands fall into five general categories:
SET COMMANDS
GET COMMANDS
CHANGE COMMANDS
ACTION COMMANDS
GPIO COMMANDS
1.2
store information to flash, changes take effect after power cycle or reboot
retrieve and display the stored information
temporarily change the value of serial baudrate, parity, etc.
perform action such as inquiry, connect, etc.
configure and manipulate GPIO signals
SET Commands
All set commands do not take effect until after the module has been rebooted.
S7,<1,0>
7 bit data mode. 1 to enable, 0 to disable. (setting can be seen with the “d”
command).
SA,<1,0>
Authentication. 1 to enable, 0 to disable. This will force authentication when any
remote device attempts to connect. Regardless of this setting, if a remote device
forces authentication, this device will respond with the stored pin code. Once a
remote device has exchanged pin codes with this device, a link key will be stored for
future use. Up to 8 keys are automatically and permanently in flash on the device, in
a first in, first out fashion.
SB,<timer>
Send BREAK. This is an immediate command, which can send a BREAK signal on
the TX . The timer is used to send a variable length BREAK signal.
Timer value
Break length (in milliseconds)
1= 37ms, 2=18.5ms, 3=12ms, 4=9ms, 5= 7ms, 6=6ms.
Example : “SB,2” sends a 18.5 millisecond break signal.
SC,<hex word>
Service Class (four hex values, 11 used, this is used with Device Class command
below to create the 24 bit Class of Device number. Note the service class is
interpreted by the inquiring device to determine the service. To see a complete
listing of available Bluetooth service classes check the Bluetooth SIG web site.
Example : “SC,0002”
SD,<hex word>
Device Class (four hex values, major and minor in a 16 bit word, used with service
class above)
Example : “SD,8040”
To set the Class of Device (COD) to 0x1F0123 use the commands
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SC,001F
SD,0123
SE,<1,0>
Encryption 1 to enable, 0 to disable.
SF,1
Set Factory Defaults.
SI, <hex word> -
Inquiry Scan Window. Sets amount of time device spends enabling inquiry scan
(discoverability). Minimum value is 0x0012, corresponding to about 1% duty cycle.
Inquiry interval is fixed at 0x800, so time spent in inquiry is 0x12/0x100 by default.
Maximum value is 0x800, set to 0x0000 to disable inquiry scan and make device nondiscoverable. Default value is 0x0200.
SJ, <hex word>
Page Scan Window. Sets amount of time device spends enabling page scan
(connectability) . Minimum value is 0x0012, corresponding to about 1% duty cycle.
Page Scan interval is fixed at 0x800, so time spent in page scan mode is 0x12/0x800
by default. Maximum value is 0x800, set to 0x0000 to disable page scan and make
device non-connectable. Default value is 0x0200.
SL,<E,O,N>
Set UART parity. Can be any of, Even, Odd, or None. Only the first character is
needed and must be capital.
Example : “SL,E”
SM,<5,4,3,2,1,0>
Mode (0=slave, 1=master,2=trigger, 3=auto, 4=DTR, 5=ANY)
Example : “SM,1”
SN,<name>
sets the parity to Even.
sets the mode to Master
Name of the device, 20 characters maximum.
Example: “SN,MyDevice”
S-,<name>
Serialized Friendly Name of the device, 15 characters maximum.
This command will automatically append the last 2 bytes of the BT MAC address to
the name. Useful for generating a custom name with unique numbering.
Example: S-,MyDevice
SO,<text>
will set the name to “MyDevice-ABCD”
Extended Status String, 8 character maximum. Setting this string to from 1 to 8
characters will enable status messages to be sent to the local serial port. Two status
messages are sent, when a Bluetooth connection is established, the string
”<text>CONNECT” will be sent. Upon a Disconnect, the string
<text>DISCONNECT will be sent. This parameter is useful, for example, when
connected to a printer, the printer can examine an escape sequence, if the <text> is
set to ESC%, the printer can parse the ESC%CONNECT and ESC%DISCONNECT
messages without interfering with normal print jobs. In Trigger or Master modes, the
first character of this string is used as the BREAK connection character.
Example: SO,ESC%
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SP,<text>
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Security pin code, 20 character maximum. Each time the device success pairs, the BT
address will be saved. Up to eight addresses can be stored on a first in first out bases.
To erase all stored pairings, reset the passkey command. You can use the same
value that is already set.
Example: SP,secretcode
SQ,<num>
sets pin code to “secretcode”
Special configuration commands, num is a decimal number with the following
interpretation.
Command
0
4
16
SR,<address>
Description
Disable all special commands
Disable reading the values of GPIO3 and GPIO6 on power-up. This
command is used when reprogramming GPIO3 and GPIO6 from their
default configuration.
Configures the firmware to optimize for low latency data transfers
rather than throughput.
128
Allow for fast reconnect. This allows applications to disconnect and
reconnect back to back quickly.
256
Set 2 stop bit mode on the UART.
Store remote address, 12 hex digits, (6 bytes) no spaces or characters between digits
Example: SR,00A053112233
sets the remote Bluetooth address to 00A053112233
NOTE there are two special characters that can be used for the address parameter:
• SR,Z will erase any stored address.
• SR,I will write the last address seen using the inquiry command. This can be
helpful when you just have only one other device in range.
SS,<text>
Service Name (1 to 20 characters ).
Example: SS,SerialPort
ST,<number>
service name set to “SerialPort”
Configuration timer, number of seconds (range= 0 to 255 decimal) to allow remote
configuration over Bluetooth after power up in Slave Mode. In all Master modes, the
remote configuration timer is set to 0 (no remote configuration). In Trigger Master
Mode, the configuration timer is used as an idle timer to break the connection after
time expires with no characters being received.
Examples:
ST,0
ST,60
ST,255
disables remote configuration
sets remote configuration to 60 seconds (default value)
enables remote configuration forever
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SU,<rate>
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Baudrate, {1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19.2, 28.8, 38.4, 57.6, 115K, 230K, 460K,
921K }, only the first 2 characters are needed.
Example: SU,57
SW,<hex word>
sets the baudrate to 57600 baud.
Enable low power SNIFF mode. Default is 0000=disabled. SNIFF mode allows
extreme low power operation. Device goes into a deep sleep, and wakes up every
625us * <hex word> to send/receive chars.
Example: SW,0050
enables Sniff mode with interval time of 50 milliseconds
This will cause the module to enter low power sleep, and wake once every 50
milliseconds to check for RF activity. See Section 5.2 for more details on Sniff and
managing power.
SX,<1,0>
Bonding, if enabled only accept connections from the device that matches the stored
Bluetooth address register will be accepted. The stored address register can be set
with the SR command or will be set upon the first device pairing.
SZ,<num>
Raw baud rate (decimal) allows entering of non-standard baud rates. Based on the
formula num = baudrate * 0.004096.
S~,<0,1>
Set profile to use according to the table below. See section 6.1 for more details on
profiles.
<num>
0
1
2
3
4
Profile
SPP
DUN -DCE
DUN-DTE
MDM SPP
SPP and DUN-DCE
Comments
Default , no modem control
Slave or gateway
Master or client
With modem control signals
Multi-profile
S?,<0,1>
Role Switch. Enables and disables Role Switch. If set, when an incoming
connection is occurs to a slave mode device, an attempt will be made to force a role
switch, allowing the slave to become the master. This is useful in situations where
high speed data is being sent from the local device up to the remote host, and can
result in better performance. However this may create a situation whereby the
connecting host will not be able to make additional outbound connections
(multipoint) while connected to this device. Default is DISABLED.
S$,<char>
Configuration detect character. This allows a change from the default $$$ to some
other character. Factory defaults returns the device to $$$.
S|,<value>
Low power connect mode. Disables the Bluetooth radio and LED timers while not
connected. When set, the module will cycle between active (discoverable and
connectable) and low power deep sleep. This can save considerable power when the
module is waiting for long periods of time without a connection. The trade off is
additional latency when connecting or pairing. The value is a four digit number
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made up of two one byte intervals. The first interval is the ON period and the second
the OFF period. Both are in seconds. The maximum value is 20 seconds for either
of the periods. Default is 0000 always actively waiting for a connection.
Example: S|,0120
4.1
// creates a 5% duty cycle ON for one second and OFF for 20.
GET Commands
D
Display basic settings. Address, Name, Uart Settings, Security, Pin code, Bonding,
Remote Address.
E
Display extended settings: service name, service class, device class, configuration
Timer.
M
Display remote side modem signal status.
O
Display other settings. Configuration character, I/O port values, debug mode.
G<X>
Display stored settings for command X. These commands correspond to the SET
commands above.
Example: GS will return 1 or 0 depending on the value of security.
In addition to the above, there are a few other useful commands available.
4.2
GB
Returns the Bluetooth Address of the device.
GK
Returns the current connection status: 1=connected, 0 = not connected.
G&
Return a hex byte containing the value of the PIO pins
V
Return the software release version
CHANGE Commands
U,<rate>,<E,O,N> -
Temporary UART Change, will change the serial parameters immediately, but not
store them. Command will return “AOK” at current settings, then automatically exit
command mode, and switch to new baud rate.
Baud rrate must be EXACTLY 4 characters = {1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19.2K,
38.4K, 57.6K, 115K, 230K, 460K, 921K }.
Parity is E, O, or N (must be capitals)
This command is effective immediately, does not require reboot.
Example: U,9600,E
Sets baudrate to 9600, parity even.
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ACTION Commands
$$$
Enter command mode Characters are passed as data until this exact sequence is
seen. If any bytes are seen before or after the $$$ characters in a 1 second window,
command mode will not be entered and these bytes will be passed on to other side.
NOTE: The device will only enter command mode if it is within the configuration
timer window (60 seconds from power up by default). In master mode the
configuration timer is set to zero.
The character string to enter command mode is configurable using the S$ command
Use --- exit command mode.
Exit command mode. “END” will be displayed.
+
Local echo. Toggle local echo of RX chars in command mode. (default is off ).
C
Attempt to connect to the REMOTE stored address.
C,<address>
Connect to the address specified in hex format. The address is also stored as the
REMOTE address.
CF<address>
Connect and immediately go into FAST data mode. NOTE: you will not be able to
enter command mode while connected. PIO6 can still be used to disconnect. Thus
PIO6 should be held HIGH before sending this command, as lowering PIO6 will
cause a disconnect.
CFI
Connect and immediately go into FAST data mode using the LAST address found
from the Inquiry command. NOTE: you will not be able to enter command mode
while connected. PIO6 can still be used to disconnect.
CFR
Connect and immediately go into FAST data mode using the REMOTE address.
Similar to the C command but bypasses the configuration timer.
CT<address>,<timer> Connect with TIMER. The device will NOT use or store the remote address, rather
will make a connection to the <address> (REQUIRED). The device will
automatically disconnect after 7 seconds if no data is seen from UART or BT. An
optional timer value can be entered to change the timer. This value is in ¼ seconds.
So for a 30 second timer, use 120 as the value. The maximum value is 255 (64
seconds)
F,1
Go into fast data mode, ends configuration immediately.
I<,time>,<COD>
Performs an inquiry scan. Default time is 10 seconds, maximum is 48. COD
parameter is optional, 0 or no entry looks for all device classes. When entering a
COD you must provide all six characters, i.e. 0040F0 for COD 0x40F0. A maximum
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of 9 devices will be returned. As devices are found, they are displayed in the format
below:
<BT address>,<BT name>,<COD>
00A053000123,MySerialPort,72010C
IN<time>,<cod>
Performs an inquiry scan like the I command but does not return the Bluetooth name
so it returns much faster since getting the name requires a remote lookup for each
device found.
IS<time>
Performs an inquiry scan, with a COD of 0x001F00, which is the default COD for
Roving Networks Serial adapters and modules.
IR<time>
Performs an inquiry scan, with a COD of 0x0055AA, which is the special COD used
By Roving Networks Serial adapters and modules to enable “instant cable
replacement”.
H
Help, will print out a list of commands and their basic syntax
K,
Kill (disconnect) from the current connection. The characters KILL<cr><lf> will be
echoed to the local UART once the connection is broken.
L
Link Quality. Returns real-time streaming link quality values at 5Hz. Value
returned is a two bytes separated by a comma. A value of “ff” is the highest value.
The first byte is the current reading the second byte is the low water mark.
Example output:
RSSI =ff,e6
P,<char>
Passes thru any characters up to a CR or LF while in command mode.
Q
Causes device to be non-discoverable and non-connectable (temporarily). Does not
survive a power cycle or reset. Used with the Z command below. Use the “W”
command to re-enable.
This command will return “Quiet” as a response.
To get the lowest power mode, first issue a Q, then a Z. Use the SNIFF settings to
get lowest power while connected.
R,1
Forces a complete reboot of the device (similar to a power cycle).
T,<0,1>
Pass receive data (from UART or BT) while in command mode. Returns (T=0 , T=1
based on input).
W
Re-enables discovery and connection. This command reloads the stored value of the
Inquiry and Page Window to re-enable. For example, to turn off Discovery but still
allow connections, send an “SI,0000” command, and follow it with “W” command.
This command returns “Wake” as a response.
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Z
Enters low power deep sleep mode (<2ma) when NOT connected. Can only be
exited by power cycling the device or toggling the RESET pin on the module
(causing a HARD reset). For more on managing power see section 5.
&
Returns the value of the DIP switches on Serial adapters and USB-X dongle, or value
of GPIO 3,4,6,7 on other modules.
+
Local echo ON/OFF, when turned on in command mode all characters typed will be
echoed to the output. Typing + a second time will turn OFF local echo.
GPIO Commands
Each GPIO command takes 16 bit parameter made up of 2 bytes, a mask to specify the GPIO number and value for each
command. The first byte, the mask, determines which GPIO is affected by the command, and the second byte is the
value to set.
PARAMETER[15:0] = MASK[7...0]<<8 || VALUE[7..0]
CMD
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
@
&
%
^
*
<hexword>
<hexword>
<hexword>
<hexword>
<hexword>
Set direction bits for GPIO
Set values for GPIO
Store powerup direction bits for GPIO
Store powerup values for GPIO
Set values for PIO8,9,10,11
There are two registers used to control the GPIO, the first is a direction register. This controls whether the GPIO is an
input or an output. The second register is the value to apply to the GPIO if set to an output, or is the value of the built-in
weak pull-up resistor if the GPIO is set to an input. These settings are immediate, and do not survive a power cycle.
Examples: S@,8080
S&,8080
S&,8000
sets GPIO-7 to an output
drives GPIO-7 high
drives GPIO-7 low
Power-up values: These 2 registers will apply the direction and values upon each subsequent power-up:
Examples: S%,0101
sets GPIO-0 to an output on power-up
S^,0303
drives GPIO-0 high, and pulls up GPIO-1.
Multiple bits can be set with a single command, any bits with a mask of 0 are left unaffected.
Some GPIO are read at power-up time to perform certain functions, so care must be taken when manipulating them.
GPIO3 and GPIO6 are used to automatically set master mode, and auto discovery. If it is desired to use these GPIO for
other purposes at power-up, a special command must be used to disable their being sensed at power-up time. This
command is “SQ,4<cr>” this will set a flag in a stored register that is read at power-up. The Power-up settings for the
GPIO can also be viewed using the “O” (other settings) command.
WARNING: GPIO-4 is used by the system to reset stored parameters to factory defaults. If GPIO4 is pulled high on
power-up, and then toggled 3 times, all user settings will return to default values. Therefore this pin should not be used
as an output, and should not be driven high at power-up time (first 1 second of operation).
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NOTE: GPIO2 and 5 are driven by the embedded software as outputs, they can be disabled using the direction
command, (to save power, for example) and used as inputs. If set to outputs the software will override any user values.
SETTING GPIO 8-9-10-11
S*,<hexword> = MASK[11..8] VALUE[11..8]
For the upper 4 GPIO, a single word controls the mask and values, and only the lower 4 bits of each byte are used. The
first time this command is used, all 4 GPIO are driven as outputs and remain so until a power cycle. There is no
powerup command for these bits, only the interactive one. Some modules do not offer these GPIO.
Examples:
S*,0101
S*,0100
S*,0202
GPIO-8 driven HIGH.
GPIO-8 driven LOW.
GPIO-9 driven HIGH.
5
Power Management
5.1
Optimizing Inquiry (Discovery) and Page (Connection) Windows
In slave mode there are two timers that can be used to lower power of the radio while idle. When not
connected, the Bluetooth radio is active for a percentage of time listening for other devices. Other devices
can Discovery (inquire) or Connect (page). The amount of time the radio listens is called the window, and
the interval at which the process repeats is called the interval.
The inquiry and page interval is fixed at 0x1000 = 2.56 seconds. The default window is 0x200 (320 ms) or
12.5% duty cycle.
By lowering the window values, power can be saved at the expense of possibly missing an inquiry or page
request. Since the host usually retries automatically many times, the only downside is a delay in discovery or
connection time.
The page scan window can be adjusted using the SJ command. The minimum window for inquiry or page is
0x0012 (11.25ms), this corresponds to about a 0.5% duty cycle.
The inquiry scan window can be adjusted using the SI command. The minimum window for inquiry or page
is 0x0012 (11.25ms), this corresponds to about a 0.5% duty cycle.
Thus, average power can be reduced from more than 20ma to less than 5ma in standard mode, and less than
3ma in Sniff mode.
It is also possible (and desirable for security reasons) to completely disable inquiry. Once a host has found
and installed a device, inquiry is not needed, only page is used to make a connection. To disable inquiry and
still allow connections, set the Inquiry timer to 0 with “SI,0000”.
5.2
SNIFF mode
Sniff mode is another power conservation method utilized by Bluetooth. By default, Sniff mode is disabled,
and the radio is active continuously when connected (about 25-30ma) . In Sniff mode, the radio wakes up at
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specific intervals, and sleeps in very low power mode (around 2ma) otherwise. The power savings can be
quite dramatic.
To enable it, use the “SW,<hex word>“ command.
Example interval timers:
0x0020 = 20ms. (32 decimal * .625 = 20).
0x0050 = 50ms, 0x00A0 = 100ms, 0x0190 = ¼ second, 0x0320 = ½ second, 0x0640 = 1 second.
Sniff mode only pertains to an active connection. When a connection is made, both master and slave must
support Sniff mode, and agree to the Sniff window, otherwise the radio will stay in full active on mode.
Note: the maximum allowed Sniff interval is about 20 seconds = 0x7FFF sniff word setting.
5.3
Enabling Deep Sleep
Deep Sleep mode can be used to obtain extremely low power operation. The device totally shuts down and
only draws about 300uA of current in this mode. To enable Deep Sleep, set the high order bit of the Sniff
word = 0x8000. This bit is NOT used to determine the sleep interval, it is only used as a flag to enable deep
sleep. For example, If you want ½ second sleep 0x0320, with Deep sleep, you would set the sniff word to
0x8320.
In normal low power sleep (not deep sleep) the firmware is still running in idle mode, and wakes up about 20
times per second to check ports, update Leds etc. During Deep sleep, the firmware actually stops running
some tasks. For example, the LEDs only update about once per second.
There are 3 ways to wake the radio from sleep mode. The first is to send a character to the UART.
Transitions on the RX pin will wake the device from sleep. Wake time is worst case 5ms. Because of this,
the first character sent is generally lost by the radio. A better way to wake the radio is to toggle the CTS line
from LOW to HIGH,
Wait 5ms, and then send data. The third way is automatic, the radio will wake every <hex word> slot times
(1 slot time = 625us) as defined above. The radio wakes and listens to see if the other side of the connection
has anything to send. This wake time is typically about 5ms (8 slots) even if no data is to be transferred.
Once the radio is awake it will stay active for exactly 1 second of inactivity, and then sleep again.
NOTE: setting this mode can cause latency issues, and dropped bytes/loss of performance in cases where
large amounts of data are being transferred. The nuances of Bluetooth Sniff can be complex, contact Roving
Networks if necessary for more details on how to utilize Sniff mode.
To enable even lower power utilization, use the S|, <hex word> command to set an on/off duty cycle.
5.4
Disabling Output Drivers
Use the command “ S%,1000” to set all PIO0-11 to inputs.
This will also turn off the LED (PIO5) on the FireFly adapter.
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Lowering Transmit Power
All Roving Networks Bluetooth modules and adapters adhere to the Bluetooth (1.1, 1.2, and 2.0/2.1)
specifications for power control. Both the RN-21 and RN-41 radios are Class 1 capable.
The power output of the radio is automatically controlled by the baseband. Depending on the operation mode
(inquiry scan, page scan, connected) the power is adjusted. Once a connection is made, the radios on both
sides negotiate a power setting based on the perceived signal strength (RSSI).
The transmit power can be controlled to:
• reduce effective range for security reasons
• lower radio emissions for agency compliancy concerns
• reduce total power consumption
Use the SY command can be used to configure the transmit power: Using a command, the radio can be
instructed to use a value that is lower than the default.
SY,<hex value> where hex value is unsigned hex representation of the setting.
Setting
-24
-16
-12
-8
-4
0
4
Hex value
FFE8
FFF0
FFF4
FFF8
FFFC
0001
0004
Approximate output (dBM)
-20
-10
-5
0
2
6
12 (default)
If a non-zero value is stored in the variable, then upon power up, the radio will use the HIGHEST value that
is less than or equal to the stored variable.
Example: if -8 = 0 dBM is desired, you would enter SY,FFF8
If 0 = 6dBm is desired, you would enter SY,0001 ( you could also enter 0002, or 0003 )
Power setting will take effect after power cycle or reboot or reset pin toggle.
To check the STORED power setting, use the O command. you will see TX Power=1 or other setting equal
to the value you entered. To check the current power setting, use the GY command. Only the actual value
will be returned. Leading zeroes will not be displayed. The value of GY may not match the value in the O
command due how the value is used as described above
6
Profile Settings and Features
6.1
Alternate Profile Selection
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The default profile is Serial Port Profile (SPP). The firmware also supports the DUN profile in both master
and slave modes.
To change the profile, use the “S~,<num>” command.
<num>
0
1
2
3
4
Profile
SPP
DUN -DCE
DUN-DTE
MDM SPP
SPP and DUN-DCE
Comments
Default , no modem control
Slave or gateway
Master or client
With modem control signals
Multi-profile
The most common use of DUN profile is to enable a BT client to connect to a dialup modem. For this mode,
use profile 1 (DUN DCE) via command “S~,1” . You may also want to set the Class Of Device so that
clients can recognize the device as a Bluetooth modem. The correct COD for a Bluetooth modem is
0x040210. This can be set using the commands below:
“SC,0004”
“SD,0210”
A new option available with version 4.74 firmware allows connection to Either SPP or DUN (but not both at
the same time) Both Services are displayed when a host discovers services, and either one can be chosen
and connected to. It is also possible to connect using SPP profile, disconnect, and then connect using DUN
profile.
6.2
Using PIO as Modem Control Signals
The Firefly and RN-XX modules have the ability to replicate the required modem control hardware signals
automatically once a connection is made. These signals are transferred outside the data channel (using
RFCOMM control channels) and are automatically updated. The default SPP profile (profile=0) does NOT
drive these signals or report back inputs. If DUN or MDM profiles are enabled (profile =1,2, or 3), the
following signals are automatically driven and received.
Inputs: (read and sent back over Bluetooth to the remote host), Inputs are ACTIVE LOW.
PIO3 = DCD ( switch 2)
PIO6 = DSR (switch 3)
PIO7 = CTS (switch 4).
Outputs: (sent from the remote Bluetooth host, and driven out )
PIO10 = DTR - this is ACTIVE HIGH
PIO11 = RTS - this is ACTIVE LOW.
On the Firefly, the DIP switches can also be used to set/clear the DCD, CTS, and DSR signals. DTR and
RTS are available on the 9 pin header as well.
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7
Design Concerns
7.1
Hardware Signals
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1. RESET circuit. RN-41 contains a 1k pullup to VCC, the polarity of reset on the RN41 is ACTIVE LOW.
RN21/22 contain a 1k pulldown, and the reset polarity is ACTIVE HIGH.
A power on reset circuit with delay is OPTIONAL on the reset pin of the module. It should only be required
if the input power supply has a very slow ramp, or tends to bounce or have instability on power up. Often a
microcontroller or embedded CPU IO is available to generate reset once power is stable. If not, there are
many low cost power supervisor chips available, such as MCP810T, MCP102/121, and Torex XC61F.
2. Factory reset PIO4. It is a good idea to connect this pin to a switch, or jumper, or resistor, so it can be
accessed. This pin can be used to reset the module to FACTORY DEFAULTS and is often critical in
situations where the module has been mis-configured.
3. CONNECTION status. PIO5 is available to drive an LED, and blinks at various speeds to indicate status.
PIO2 is an output which directly reflects the connection state, it goes HIGH when connected, and LOW
otherwise.
4. Using SPI bus for flash upgrade. While not required, this bus is very useful for configuring advanced
parameters of the Bluetooth modules, and is required for upgrading the firmware on modules. The suggested
ref-design shows a 6pin header which can be implemented to gain access to this bus. A minimum-mode
version could just use the SPI signals (4pins) and pickup ground and VCC from elsewhere on the design.
7.2
Hardware Connections and Power
Placing 3.3Vdc into the PIO’s while they are set as outputs will permanently damage the radio
modules. The failure mode is short across GND and VCC. Use a 10KΩ resistor in series or a 10KΩ
pull up resistor for input and output PIO’s respectively.
•
•
•
Make sure to connect a common ground when using the external TX, RX inputs 0 – 3.3Vdc.
For a 3 wire DB-9 interface (tx, rx, gnd only) connect/short CTS to RTS, Factory default is hardware
flow control enabled CTS and RTS connected.
When using a 5.0Vdc Input, PIO’s require a voltage divider. A good choice is 10K ohm series with
20K to Ground. PIO’s are 0-3.3Vdc not 5 volt tolerant.
Hardware Communications Connections for Modules and Eval Board
Radio TX RX of the application Micro Controller Unit (MCU)
Radio RX  TX of the application Micro Controller Unit (MCU)
Radio RTS CTS of the application Micro Controller Unit (MCU)
Radio CTS  RTS of the application Micro Controller Unit (MCU)
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LED Status
.
MODE
Configuring
Startup/Config Timer
Discoverable/Inquiring/Idle
Connected
GREEN LED blink rate
10 times per second
2 times per second
Once per second
Solid ON
The YELLOW LED blinks when data is transferred on either the RX or TX pins of the DB9 serial port. It is
a physical monitor of the actual voltage, and is not driven by software in the module.
7.4
Optimizing for Latency or Throughput
The firmware automatically must make decisions on when to forward receive data coming into the UART RX
input out the RF link. The default mode is to optimize for throughput. In some cases, especially with
smaller close spaced incoming data packets, the data can get split, with partial packet forwarded and other
data coming later. Unfortunately, Bluetooth has algorithms that can cause significant latency between
packets ( > 10ms) at certain times. If the host protocol expects data to come as contiguous bursts and has
short timeouts, this can cause errors. There is another method of optimization, which will force the radio to
attempt to keep small bursts of data together. In this mode we optimize for latency. To enable this mode,
there is a special debug command. The command is “SQ,16”. This sets the latency bit in the firmware. To
disable this mode. Use the command “SQ,0”. The value of the register can be read with the “GQ”
command, and will read back as HEX, even though it is set as decimal.
7.5
Limitations of 7 Bit Data Mode
Roving Networks firmware supports selectable 7 bit data mode, using the “S7,1” command.
Unfortunately the Bluetooth hardware does not support 7 bit data, so this function is accomplished in the
firmware application. While completely functional, the performance in 7 bit mode is less than ideal, because
software emulation is required to make this work. Hence, there is a noticeable latency and character per
second processing limit in this mode. Therefore it is not recommended that this mode be used if the desired
serial baudrate is greater than 9600 baud.
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Common Problems and Questions
My Bluetooth client can see the FireFly and its serial service, but I can’t connect:
This is most likely caused by a security setting on your client. FireFly does support authentication by default
if the client requires it (using default pincode of “1234”,) but for ease of use, you may want to turn security
off on your client. Some clients have these setting off by default, others have them on. To check and disable
security:
From your PC desktop, click My Bluetooth Places, go to the Bluetooth Device configuration (or Advanced
Configuration) drop down menu, click on the client applications tab, Select the Bluetooth serial port
application name, and click on the properties button, if “secure connection”, or “authentication”, or
“encryption” is checked, un check it.
Changing the clients COM port:
Widcomm stack, the most common stack out there allows you to connect to FireFly using a “Virtual COM”
port mapper. The software installs with a default COM port, usually COM3, COM4, or COM5. To change
this setting:
From your PC desktop, click My Bluetooth Places, go to the Bluetooth Device configuration (or Advanced
Configuration) drop down menu, click on the client applications tab, Select the Bluetooth serial port
application name, and click on the properties button, then you can change the com port.
Connecting to more than one FireFly from the same client at the same time:
Bluetooth allows 7 devices at a time in a piconet. The Widcomm stack allows you to create multiple instances
of serial port profile and connect to multiple FireFlys at the same time.
To do this: From your PC desktop, click My Bluetooth Places, go to the Bluetooth Device configuration (or
Advanced Configuration) drop down menu, click on the client applications tab, Select the Bluetooth serial port
application name, and click on the ADD COM port button, then you can add another Bluetooth serial port and
assign it to another virtual com port (such as COM9).
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Discovery and Connection
Example of a Master Discovery/Connection Sequence From power up and no connection:
1) Perform an Inquiry to obtain BT_Address (unless it is already known).
Sent : $$$
Reply:CMD<cr>
// Places Radio in Command Mode
Sent : I,30<cr>
// Looks forBluetooth devices
Reply:00A096112233,1F00<cr>Inquiry Done<cr
2) Store the remote address just found.
Sent : SR,00A096112233 <cr>
Reply:AOK<cr>
(or just SR,I if this was the only device found ).
3) Connect.
Sent : C <cr>
Reply:AOK<cr>
// Places Radio in Connect
Device will attempt connection to remote slave. “TRYING” will be displayed.
// this will be displayed once connection is made, if <text>
Reply:<text>CONNECT<cr>
string is defined in the stored parameters.
4) Send /Receive data.
Using PIOs/ Switches for Auto-pairing and Auto-Connection
PIO3 PIO6
Function
low low default slave, no special function.
high low
slave, changes COD to 0x0055aa for auto pairing.
low high
auto master, uses STORED address....... does not try auto pairing.
high high
auto master, auto pairing, looks for first device with 0x55aa stores it, and
connects to it.
To enable cable replacement, set PIO3 high on slave, PIO3 + PIO6 high on master.
Once paired, PIO3 = low on both devices (so re-pairing with another roving device does not
occur)
( PIO3 = DIP Switch 2, PIO6 = Dip Switch 3 on Firefly and Blueport )
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10 Serial Adapter Configuration
10.1 Serial interface hardware flow control
Pin connections for the Roving Networks FireFly, BluePort and FirePlug products
DB9 pin #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
FireFly Male
NC
RX
TX
NC
GND
NC
RTS
CTS
V+
FireFly Female DB9
FireFly Male DB9
DTE 3 Wire - Flow control DISABLED
(Factory Default)
Jumpers
1↔2
3↔4
1
2
3
4
9↔10
5
6
7
9
DTE - Flow control ENABLED
Jumpers
1↔2
3↔4
5↔6
7↔8
DCE Flow control ENABLED
(Num Modem)
Jumpers
1↔3
2↔4
5↔6
7↔8
FireFly Female
NC
TX
RX
NC
GND
NC
RTS
CTS
V+
DTE 3 Wire – Flow control DISABLED
(Factory Default)
Jumpers
1↔3
2↔4
1
3
9↔10
5
8
10
1
3
5
7
9
2
4
6
8
10
1
3
5
7
9
2
4
6
8
10
DTE - Flow control ENABLED
Jumpers
1↔3
2↔4
5↔6
7↔8
7
9
2
4
6
8
10
1
3
5
7
9
2
4
6
8
10
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10.2 Dip Switch Settings
1 – RESTORE FACTORY DEFAULTS- Set this switch ON, power up unit, and toggle the switch from
ON to OFF 3 times to return the unit to factory settings.
2 - AUTO DISCOVERY – In slave mode, sets a special class of device which is used by a remote master to
auto connect. If Switch 3 also SET, the device performs a search, stores, and connects to a remote slave
which has this switch 2 set.
3 - AUTO MASTER - Device acts as Bluetooth master, auto-connects to a stored remote address. First set
the Bluetooth address of the slave device using the SR command or allow the device to auto discover and
connect by via Switch 3 AND Switch 2.
4 - DEFAULT BAUD RATE - OFF = 115K will be overridden by software baud rate configuration
commands, ON = 9600 ignores any software configuration
10.3 Instant Cable Replacement
Using two Roving Networks Bluetooth serial adapters or BluePlug USB dongle set the switches on
each device as shown below.
Power up both devices and the master will discover the slave device, store its Bluetooth address and
connect. The devices are now paired and the green LED on each device should be on solid.
After pairing, set switch 2 on both devices to OFF so that they don’t try to re-pair each time power is
cycled. Every time the devices get in proximity of one another the will connect. The master will not
attempt to connect to any other device.
To break this pairing restore the factor defaults using dip switch 1.
Master mode
Auto discovery and auto Master on
Slave
Auto discovery on
on off
4
3
2
1
on off
4
3
2
1
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Appendix A: Bluetooth Evaluation Board
The Roving Networks Bluetooth Evaluation
board has several interfaces for configuration
and programming. These are listed below in the
table. The board is powered by and external
5VDC power plug or through pin 9 in the DB9
connector.
The Bluetooth radio same command set and
configuration parameters are consistent across all
Roving Networks Bluetooth modules, serial
adapters and USB dongles so applications can be
developed using the evaluation board and run on
embedded Bluetooth module such as the RN-41
or RN-24.
Bluetooth Evaluation Board
(J2) 6 pin
SPI I/O
LEDs
(J1) 9 pin Serial
3.3 VDC
(P1) 5VDC
Center pin
Positive
(CN1) 9 pin
RS232
Power Terminals
Inputs on P1 power connector can be 4.5VDC to 11.0VDC. There is internal regulation down to 3.3VDC for all
circuitry. Worst case power draw for the board is 100ma when the Bluetooth radio/modem connection is established
and transmitting. Power can be as low as 1ma to 25ma average when the Bluetooth radio/modem is not connected
depending on parameter settings.
Default LED status
MODE
Configuring
Startup/Config Timer
Discoverable/Inquiring/Idle
Connected
GREEN LED blink rate
10 times per second
2 times per second
Once per second
Solid ON
The yellow LED blinks when data is transferred on either the RX or TX pins of the DB9 serial port. It is a
physical monitor of the actual voltage, and is not driven by software in the module.
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Signal Name
Board PWR
Board GND
RS-232 SERIAL-CN1
Pin 1 - DCD
Pin 2 - TX
Pin 3 - RX
Pin 4 - DTR
Pin 5 - GND
Pin 6 - DSR
Pin 7 - RTS
Pin 8 - CTS
Pin 9 - RING
rn-bluetooth-um Version 4.77 11/21/2009
Connector
PIN #
I/O Direction
P1
P1
1
2
Power IN (5.0 -9.0 Vdc)
<—>
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Not used
OUT
IN
Not used
<—>
Not used
OUT→ *
(active low)
IN← *
(active low)
PWR →IN (4.5 -11Vdc)
DB9
DB9
DB9
DB9
DB9
DB9
DB9
DB9
DB9
PIO-SWITCH-LEDS
PIO#4
PIO#3
PIO#6
PIO#7
PIO#5
PIO#8
6-Pin SPI (J2)
MISO
MOSI
SPICK
SPICS
PWR
GND
PIO10- remote DTR out
PIO11- remote RTS out
NOTE: the RS232 drive
must be removed when
using the serial 3.3v
signals (see below)
SERIAL 3.3V (J1)
PWR
GND
CTS
RTS
TX
RX
PIO#2
PIO#10
PIO#11
Modem control options
PIO2 – BT connect status
J1-1
J1-2
J1-3
J1-4
J1-5
J1-6
J1-7
J1-8
J1-9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Optional 5VDC in
GROUND
IN
OUT→ 0 - 3.3Vdc
OUT→ 0 - 3.3Vdc
IN
BT Connection (high state)
GPIO
GPIO
SWITCH-1
SWITCH-2
SWITCH-3
SWITCH-4
LED-DL1
LED-DL2
LED-DL3
1
2
3
4
GREEN
YELLOW
RED
Reset Default Settings
Auto Discover and Pairing
Auto Connect as Master
Baudrate (115K - 9600)
Pulses for status 0-3.3Vdc
RX, TX data low to high
Software controlled
J2-1
J2-2
J2-3
J2-4
J2-5
J2-6
DTR output
RTS output
DCD input
DSR input
CTS input
RX char low speed mode
Reserved programming)
Reserved programming)
Reserved programming)
Reserved programming)
Optional 3.3VDC Power
Optional Ground
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Advanced User Manual
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Using the Serial 3.3V TTL signals on the evaluation board
The RS232 driver chip must be removed by de-soldering it from the board when connecting to J1 signals.
The RS232 chip is the large IC next to the power connector. See below.
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Advanced User Manual
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Appendix B: Command Quick Reference
SET COMMANDS
S7,<1,0>
SA,<1,0>
SB,<timer>
SC,<hex word>
SD,<hex word>
SE,<1,0>
SF,1
SI,<hex word>
SJ,<hex word>
SL,<E,O,N>
SM,<0,1,2,3,4,5>
SN,<text>
SO,<text>
string
SP,<text>
SR,<adr>
SS,<text>
ST,<num>
SU,<rate>
SW,<hex>
SX,<1,0>
S~,<0-4>
SZ,<num>
S?,<0,1>
FACTORY SETTING
- 7 bit data mode enable/disable
- Authentication enable/disable
- Send BREAK
- Service Class
- Device Class
- Encryption enable/disable
- Factory Defaults
- Inquiry Scan window
- Page Scan window
- Parity
- Mode (0=Slave,1=mstr,2=trig, 3=auto, 4=DTR, 5=ANY)
- Name
- Connect/Disconnect Status String
0= disabled
0= disabled
Not Applicable
0x0000= unknown
0x1F00= undefined
0=disabled
0x0200
0x0200
N=None
0=Slave
FireFly-xxxx
NULL= no status
- Pin Code
1234
- Remote Address (SR,Z to remove)
NONE SET
- Service Name
SPP
- Config Timer
60 seconds
- Baudrate
115K
- SNIFF rate
0x0000=disabled
- Bonding
0=disabled
- Profile setting 0=SPP, 1=DCE, 2=DTE, 3=MDM, 4=DUN&SPP
0 = SPP
- Raw Baudrate
- Enable /Disable Role Switch
0=disabled
GET, DISPLAY COMMANDS
D
E
O
G<X>
H
GB
GK
G&
V
- Basic Settings
- Extended Settings
- Other Settings
- Stored setting
- Help
- BT Address
- Connection Status
- I/O Ports
- Firmware version
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Advanced User Manual
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ACTION COMMANDS
+
C
C,<address>
CF<address>
CFR
CT<address>,<timer>
F,1
L
I,<time>,<cod>
IN<time>,<cod>
IS<time>
IR<time>
K,
Q
R,1
T,<0,1>
U,<rate>,<E,O,N>
&
W
Z
- Toggle local echo of RX chars in command mode.
- Connect immediate to stored remote address.
- Connect to address.
- Connect Fast mode to address.
- Connect Fast mode to stored remote address.
- Connect, required address, optional disconnect timer in ¼ seconds.
- Enter Fast data mode, end configuration immediate.
- Toggle link quality readings.
- Device Scan Inquiry, time in seconds, optional cod = class of device filter, 0=all
- Device Scan Inquiry, returns NAMEs.
- Device Scan Inquiry, fixed cod=0x001F00 to find Roving devices.
- Device Scan Inquiry, fixed cod =0x0055AA to find instant cable pairs.
- Kill (disconnect) from current connection
- Turn off Discovery and Connectability
- Reboot
- Pass receive data (from uart or BT) while in command mode.
- Temp Uart Change
- return the value of the DIP Switches
- Re-enable Discovery and Connectability.
- Enter low power Sleep mode
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Appendix C: Factory Default Settings
Setting
Bluetooth Service Profile
Device Mode
Baud Rate
Parity
Data bits
Stop bits
Power Mode
Name of Device (local name)
Service Class
Service Type
Class Of Device
Authentication
Encryption
Discovery Enabled
Connection Enabled
Bonding
Config Timer
SNIFF mode
Default PIN
Local Echo of Rx chars cmd mode
Default Value
Serial Port Profile (SPP)
0 (Slave)
115200bps
None
8 bits
1 bit
Auto low power discoverable mode
FireFly-xxxx (last 2 bytes of BT address)
SPP
0000 (undefined service type)
0x1F00 (unknown device type)
Disabled
Disabled
0x0200 = window, fixed interval of 0x1000= 2.56 Seconds
0x0200=window, fixed interval of 0x1000 = 2.56 Seconds
Disabled
60 seconds
disabled
1234
OFF
Note: Restoring factory values resets all values to the above settings except the device name.
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Advanced User Manual
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rn-bluetooth-um Version 4.77 11/21/2009
Appendix D: Firmware Revision History
Date
Version
10/6/2006
10/6/2006
4.11
4.31
7/1/2008
4.71
3/7/2009
8/10/2009
4.74
4.77
Initial production release version on BC04 modules supports 2.0
Changed behavior of PIO7/ DIP Switch 4, forces 9600 baud if set, regardless
of baud rate set in firmware.
New Bluetooth stack with 2.1 support
Added: command “S-,<name>” allows custom name with serialization
Added: CT (connect with timer) command
Added: support for SPP & DUN simultaneous profile appearance
Fixed: disconnect followed by a fast reconnect (< 100ms) would often cause
the module to go (deaf) making it undiscoverable or connectable, requiring
reset.
Fixed: <CR><LF> characters often were sent out the UARTwhen entering
fast data mode using the F,1 command remotely.
Added: S| command to reduce power while waiting for a connection
Added: CF, CFI, CFR commands for fast data mode connect
Added: L command to display Link Quality
Added: + command to toggle local echo of chars in command mode.
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~ 32 ~