User's Guide
Autoranging Mini Multimeter
Model MN16
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the Extech MN16 Autoranging Multimeter. This meter measures
AC/DC Voltage, AC/DC Current, Resistance, Capacitance, Frequency, Diode Test, and Continuity plus
Thermocouple Temperature. It features a rugged design for heavy duty use This meter is shipped fully
tested and calibrated and, with proper use, will provide years of reliable service.
Safety
This symbol adjacent to another symbol, terminal or operating device indicates
that the operator must refer to an explanation in the Operating Instructions to
avoid personal injury or damage to the meter.
WARNING
This WARNING symbol indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
This CAUTION symbol indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not
avoided, may result damage to the product.
MAX
600V
This symbol advises the user that the terminal(s) so marked must not be
connected to a circuit point at which the voltage with respect to earth ground
exceeds (in this case) 600 VAC or VDC.
This symbol adjacent to one or more terminals identifies them as being associated
with ranges that may, in normal use, be subjected to particularly hazardous
voltages. For maximum safety, the meter and its test leads should not be handled
when these terminals are energized.
This symbol indicates that a device is protected throughout by double insulation or
reinforced insulation.
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Improper use of this meter can cause damage, shock, injury or death. Read and understand
this user manual before operating the meter.
Always remove the test leads before replacing the battery or fuses.
Inspect the condition of the test leads and the meter itself for any damage before operating
the meter. Repair or replace any damage before use.
Use great care when making measurements if the voltages are greater than 25VAC rms or
35VDC. These voltages are considered a shock hazard.
Always discharge capacitors and remove power from the device under test before
performing Diode, Resistance or Continuity tests.
Voltage checks on electrical outlets can be difficult and misleading because of the
uncertainty of connection to the recessed electrical contacts. Other means should be used to
ensure that the terminals are not "live".
If the equipment is used in a manner not specified by the manufacturer, the protection
provided by the equipment may be impaired.
Disposal: Follow all legal stipulations regarding disposal of this device at the end of its
lifecycle
This device is not a toy and is not intended for children. It contains hazardous objects as
well as small parts that the children could swallow. Should a child swallow any part, contact
a physician immediately.
Do not leave batteries or packing material lying around, they can be dangerous for children if
they use them as toys.
In the device is going to be unused for an extended period of time, remove the batteries.
Expired or damaged batteries can cause cauterization on contact with skin. Always, use
gloves when handling damaged batteries.
See that the batteries are not short-circuited. Do not throw batteries into fire.
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Input Protection Limits
Function
Maximum Input
V DC or V AC
600VDC/AC
mA AC/DC
400mA AC/DC
A AC/DC
10A AC/DC (20A for 30 sec max every 15 min)
Frequency, Resistance, Capacitance,
Diode Test, Continuity, Temperature
250VDC/AC
Controls and Jacks
1. 4,000 count LCD display
2. MODE button
3. HOLD button
4. Function switch
5. COM input jack
6. 10A input jack
7. V, Ω, CAP, Temp, Hz, μA and mA input jack
8. REL button
9. RANGE button
10. Battery compartment (rear)
Symbols and Annunciators
•)))
n
µ
m
A
k
F
M
Ω
Hz
%
AC
DC
ºF
Continuity
Diode test
Low Battery
-9
nano (10 ) (capacitance)
-6
micro (10 ) (amps)
-3
milli (10 ) (volts, amps)
Amps
3
kilo (10 ) (ohms)
Farads (capacitance)
6
mega (10 ) (ohms)
Ohms
Hertz (frequency)
Percent (duty ratio)
Alternating current
Direct current
Degrees Fahrenheit
V
REL
AUTO
HOLD
ºC
Volts
Relative
Autoranging
Display hold
Degrees Centigrade
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Operating Instructions
WARNING: Risk of electrocution. High-voltage circuits, both AC and DC, are very dangerous and
should be measured with great care.
1.
ALWAYS turn the function switch to the OFF position when the meter is not in use.
2.
If “OL” appears in the display during a measurement, the value exceeds the range you have
selected. Change to a higher range.
DC VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS
CAUTION: Do not measure DC voltages if a motor on the circuit is being switched ON or OFF.
Large voltage surges may occur that can damage the meter.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Set the function switch to the VDC position.
Insert the black test lead banana plug into the negative COM jack.
Insert the red test lead banana plug into the positive V jack.
Touch the black test probe tip to the negative side of the circuit.
Touch the red test probe tip to the positive side of the circuit.
Read the voltage in the display.
AC VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS
WARNING: Risk of Electrocution. The probe tips may not be long enough to contact the live parts
inside some 240V outlets for appliances because the contacts are recessed deep in the outlets. As
a result, the reading may show 0 volts when the outlet actually has voltage on it. Make sure the
probe tips are touching the metal contacts inside the outlet before assuming that no voltage is
present.
CAUTION: Do not measure AC voltages if a motor on the circuit is being switched ON or OFF.
Large voltage surges may occur that can damage the meter.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Set the function switch to the VAC position.
Insert the black test lead banana plug into the negative COM jack.
Insert red test lead banana plug into the positive V jack.
Touch the black test probe tip to the neutral side of the circuit.
Touch the red test probe tip to the “hot” side of the circuit.
Read the voltage in the display.
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DC CURRENT MEASUREMENTS
CAUTION: Do not make 20A current measurements for longer than 30 seconds. Exceeding 30
seconds may cause damage to the meter and/or the test leads.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Insert the black test lead banana plug into the negative COM jack.
For current measurements up to 4000µA DC;
Set the function switch to the µA position and insert the red test lead banana
plug into the µA jack.
For current measurements up to 400mA DC;
Set the function switch to the mA position and insert the red test lead banana
plug into the mA jack.
For current measurements up to 10A DC;
Set the function switch to the 10A position and insert the red test lead banana
plug into the 10A jack.
Press the MODE button to indicate “DC” on the display.
Remove power from the circuit under test, then open the circuit at the point
where you wish to measure current.
Touch the black test probe tip to the negative side of the circuit.
Touch the red test probe tip to the positive side of the circuit.
Apply power to the circuit.
Read the current in the display.
AC CURRENT MEASUREMENTS
CAUTION: Do not make 20A current measurements for longer than 30 seconds. Exceeding 30
seconds may cause damage to the meter and/or the test leads.
1. Insert the black test lead banana plug into the negative COM jack.
2. For current measurements up to 4000µA AC;
Set the function switch to the µA position and insert the red test lead banana
plug into the µA jack.
3. For current measurements up to 400mA AC;
Set the function switch to the mA position and insert the red test lead banana
plug into the mA jack.
4. For current measurements up to 10A AC;
Set the function switch to the 10A position and insert the red test lead banana
plug into the 10A jack.
5. Press the MODE button to indicate “AC” on the display.
6. Remove power from the circuit under test, then open the circuit at the point
where you wish to measure current.
7. Touch the black test probe tip to the negative side of the circuit.
Touch the red test probe tip to the positive side of the circuit.
8. Apply power to the circuit.
9. Read the current in the display.
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RESISTANCE MEASUREMENTS
WARNING: To avoid electric shock, disconnect power to the unit under test and discharge all
capacitors before taking any resistance measurements. Remove the batteries and unplug the line
cords.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set the function switch to the Ω position.
Insert the black test lead banana plug into the negative COM jack.
Insert the red test lead banana plug into the positive Ω jack.
Press the MODE button to indicate “Ω" on the display.
Touch the test probe tips across the circuit or part under test.
Read the resistance in the display.
CONTINUITY CHECK
WARNING: To avoid electric shock, never measure continuity on circuits or wires that have
voltage on them.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set the function switch to the
position.
Insert the black lead banana plug into the negative COM jack.
Insert the red test lead banana plug into the positive Ω jack.
Press the MODE button to indicate”
"and “Ω” on the display
Touch the test probe tips to the circuit or wire you wish to check.
If the resistance is less than approximately 150Ω, the audible signal will
sound. If the circuit is open, the display will indicate “OL”.
DIODE TEST
1.
2.
Set the function switch to the
position.
Insert the black test lead banana plug into the negative COM jack and the red
test lead banana plug into the positive V jack.
3.
4.
Press the MODE button to indicate
and V on the display.
Touch the test probes to the diode under test. Forward voltage will typically
indicate 0.400 to 0.700V. Reverse voltage will indicate “OL”. Shorted devices
will indicate near 0V and an open device will indicate “OL” in both polarities.
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TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
Set the function switch to the ºF or ºC position.
Insert the Temperature Probe into the input jacks, making sure to observe the
correct polarity.
Touch the Temperature Probe head to the part whose temperature you wish to
measure. Keep the probe touching the part under test until the reading stabilizes
(about 30 seconds).
Read the temperature in the display.
Note: The temperature probe is fitted with a type K mini connector. A mini connector to
banana connector adaptor is supplied for connection to the input banana jacks.
CAPACITANCE MEASUREMENTS
WARNING: To avoid electric shock, disconnect power to the unit under test and discharge all
capacitors before taking any capacitance measurements. Remove the batteries and unplug the
line cords.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set the rotary function switch to the CAP position.
Insert the black test lead banana plug into the negative COM jack.
Insert the red test lead banana plug into the positive CAP jack.
Press the MODE button to indicate “nF” on the display.
Touch the test leads to the capacitor to be tested.
Read the capacitance value in the display
FREQUENCY/DUTY CYCLE MEASUREMENTS
1. Set the rotary function switch to the “Hz %” position.
2. Press the MODE button to indicate “Hz” in the display.
3. Insert the black lead banana plug into the negative COM jack
Insert the red test lead banana plug into the positive Hz jack.
4. Touch the test probe tips to the circuit under test.
5. Read the frequency on the display.
6. Press the MODE button again to indicate “%” on the display.
7. Read the % of duty cycle on the display.
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AUTORANGING/MANUAL RANGE SELECTION
When the meter is first turned on, it automatically goes into Autoranging. This automatically selects
the best range for the measurements being made and is generally the best mode for most
measurements. For measurement situations requiring that a range be manually selected, perform
the following:
1.
2.
Press the RANGE button. The “Auto” display indicator will turn off.
Press the RANGE key to step through the available ranges. Observe the decimal point and
units displayed until the preferred range is located.
3. To exit the Manual Ranging mode and return to Autoranging, press and hold the RANGE key
for 2 seconds.
Note: Manual ranging does not apply for the Capacitance and Frequency functions.
RELATIVE MODE
The relative measurement feature allows you to make measurements relative to a stored zero
reference value. A reference voltage, current, etc. can be stored and measurements made in
comparison to that value. The displayed value is the difference between the reference value and the
measured value.
1.
2.
Perform the measurement as described in the operating instructions.
Press the REL button to store (zero) the reading in the display. The "REL" indicator will appear
on the display.
3. The display will now indicate the difference between the stored value and the measured value.
4. Press the REL button to exit the relative mode.
Note: The Relative function does not operate in the Frequency function.
HOLD
The hold function freezes the reading in the display. Press the HOLD key momentarily to activate or
to exit the HOLD function.
AUTO POWER OFF
The auto off feature will turn the meter off after 30 minutes.
LOW BATTERY INDICATION
icon will appear in the display when the battery voltage becomes low. Replace the battery
The
when this appears.
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Maintenance
WARNING: To avoid electric shock, disconnect the test leads from any source of voltage before
removing the back cover or the battery or fuse covers.
WARNING: To avoid electric shock, do not operate your meter until the battery and fuse covers are
in place and fastened securely.
This MultiMeter is designed to provide years of dependable service, if the following care instructions
are performed:
1. KEEP THE METER DRY. If it gets wet, wipe it off.
2. USE AND STORE THE METER IN NORMAL TEMPERATURES. Temperature extremes can
shorten the life of the electronic parts and distort or melt plastic parts.
3. HANDLE THE METER GENTLY AND CAREFULLY. Dropping it can damage the electronic parts
or the case.
4. KEEP THE METER CLEAN. Wipe the case occasionally with a damp cloth. DO NOT use
chemicals, cleaning solvents, or detergents.
5. USE ONLY FRESH BATTERIES OF THE RECOMMENDED SIZE AND TYPE. Remove old or
weak batteries so they do not leak and damage the unit.
6. IF THE METER IS TO BE STORED FOR A LONG PERIOD OF TIME, the batteries should be
removed to prevent damage to the unit.
BATTERY REPLACEMENT
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Disconnect the test leads from the meter.
Remove the 2 Phillips head screws located on the back of the instrument and remove the
battery cover.
Replace the 2 AAA batteries.
Secure the fuse/battery compartment cover.
Dispose of the old battery as required by local regulations.
You, as the end user, are legally bound (Battery ordinance) to return all used batteries
and accumulators; disposal in the household garbage is prohibited!
You can hand over your used batteries / accumulators, gratuitously, at the collection points
for our branches in your community or wherever batteries / accumulators are sold!
Disposal
Follow the valid legal stipulations in respect of the disposal of the device at the end of its
lifecycle
FUSE REPLACEMENT
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Disconnect the test leads from the meter.
Remove the 2 Phillips head screws located on the back of the instrument and remove the
battery cover.
Gently remove the fuse(s) and install the new fuse(s) into the holder(s).
Always use fuses of the proper size and value (500mA/660V ceramic fast blow for the mA / µA
ranges, 10A/250Vceramic fast blow for the A range).
Secure the fuse/battery compartment cover.
WARNING: To avoid electric shock, do not operate your meter until the fuse cover is in place and
fastened securely.
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Specifications
Function
Range
Resolution
DC Voltage
4V
0.001V
(V DC)
40V
0.01V
400V
0.1V
AC Voltage
(V AC)
(50 / 60Hz)
Accuracy
±(1.2% reading + 2 digits)
600V
1V
±(1.5% reading + 2 digits)
400mV*
0.1mV
±(1.5% reading + 15 digits)
4V
0.001mV
±(1.2% reading + 3 digits)
40V
0.01V
400V
0.1V
600V
1V
±(1.5% reading + 3 digits)
±(2.0% reading + 4 digits
*400mV range is not autoranging
DC Current
(A DC)
AC Current
(A AC)
Resistance
Capacitance
Duty Cycle
400μA
±(1.0% reading + 3 digits)
0.1μA
4000μA
1μA
40mA
0.01mA
±(1.5% reading + 3 digits)
400mA
0.1mA
10A
0.01A
±(2.5% reading + 5 digits)
400μA
0.1μA
±(1.5% reading + 5 digits)
4000μA
1μA
40mA
0.01mA
400mA
0.1mA
10A
0.01A
±(3.0% reading + 7 digits)
400Ω
0.1Ω
±(1.2% reading + 4 digits)
4kΩ
1Ω
±(1.0% reading + 2 digits)
40kΩ
0.01kΩ
400kΩ
0.1kΩ
±(1.8% reading + 5 digits)
±(1.2% reading + 2 digits)
4MΩ
0.001MΩ
40MΩ
0.01MΩ
±(2.0% reading + 3 digits)
40nF
0.01nF
±(5.0% reading + 30 digits)
400nF
0.1nF
4μF
0.001μF
40μF
0.01μF
100μF
0.1μF
0.1%
0.1 to 99.9%
±(3.0% reading + 5 digits)
±(5.0% reading + 5 digits)
±(1.2% reading + 2 digits)
pulse width range: 100µs - 100ms (Frequency: 5Hz to 150kHz)
Temp (type-K)
-4 to 1400°F
1°F
-20 to 750°C
1°C
±(3.0% reading + 9°F/5°C)
(probe accuracy not included)
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Function
Range
Resolution
Frequency
5.000Hz
50.00Hz
500.0Hz
5.000kHz
50.00kHz
500.0kHz
5.000MHz
0.001Hz
0.01Hz
0.1Hz
0.001kHz
0.01kHz
0.1kHz
0.001MHz
Accuracy
±(1.5% reading + 5 digits)
±(1.2% reading + 3 digits)
±(1.5% reading + 4 digits)
Sensitivity: >0.5V rms min. [ 1MHz; >3V rms > 1MHz
NOTE:
o
o
o
o
Accuracy is stated at 18 C to 28 C (65 F to 83 F) and less than 75% RH.
Diode Test
Continuity Check
Temperature Sensor
Input Impedance
AC Response
ACV Bandwidth
Display
Overrange indication
Auto Power Off
Polarity
Measurement Rate
Test current of 0.3mA typical, open circuit voltage 1.5V DC typical
Audible signal will sound if the resistance is less than 150Ω (approx.), test
current <0.3mA
Requires type K thermocouple
7.8MΩ
Average responding
50Hz to 400Hz
4,000 count liquid crystal
“OL” is displayed
30 minutes (approximately)
Automatic (no indication for positive); Minus (-) sign for negative
2 times per second, nominal
Low Battery Indication
Battery
Fuses
“
” is displayed if battery voltage drops below operating voltage
Two AAA batteries
mA, µA ranges; 0.5A/660V ceramic fast blow
A range; 10A/250V ceramic fast blow
Operating Temperature 5°C to 40°C (1°F to 104°F)
Storage Temperature
-20°C to 60°C (-4°F to 140°F)
Operating Humidity
Max 80% up to 87°F (31°C) decreasing linearly to 50% at 40°C (104°F)
Storage Humidity
<80%
Operating Altitude
2000meters (7000ft.) maximum.
Weight
225g (0.5lb) (includes holster).
Size
135 x 68 x 43mm (5.31” x 2.67” x 1.7”)
Safety
This meter is intended for indoor use and protected, against the users, by
double insulation per EN61010-1 and IEC61010-1 2nd Edition (2001) to
CAT II 1000V & CAT III 600V; Pollution Degree 2.
Approvals
CE
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PER IEC1010 OVERVOLTAGE INSTALLATION CATEGORY
OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY I
Equipment of OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY I is equipment for connection to circuits in which
measures are taken to limit the transient overvoltages to an appropriate low level.
Note – Examples include protected electronic circuits.
OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY II
Equipment of OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY II is energy-consuming equipment to be supplied from
the fixed installation.
Note – Examples include household, office, and laboratory appliances.
OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY III
Equipment of OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY III is equipment in fixed installations.
Note – Examples include switches in the fixed installation and some equipment for industrial use with
permanent connection to the fixed installation.
OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY IV
Equipment of OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY IV is for use at the origin of the installation.
Note – Examples include electricity meters and primary over-current protection equipment
Copyright © 2012 Extech Instruments Corporation.
All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.
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