Bobcat 331E - S/N 234411001 Operating instructions

331
331E
334
EN
Operation
&
Maintenance
Manual
331 - S/N 234311001 & Above
331E - S/N 234411001 & Above
SN
334 - S/N 234511001
& Above
(G Series)
6902612-EN (01-04) (1)
Printed in Europe
© Bobcat Europe 2004
OPERATOR SAFETY WARNING
WARNING
Operator must be instructed before running the machine. Untrained
operators can cause injury or death.
W-2001-1285
This symbol with a warning statement, means: “Warning, be alert! your safety is involved!” Carefully
read the message that follows.
WRONG
CORRECT
B-10731a
Never operate
instructions.
without
Read machine signs and
Operation & Maintenance
Manual.
MS-1853
B-19961
Do not grasp control
handles when entering
canopy or cab.
Be sure controls are in
neutral before starting.
Sound horn and check
behind machine before
starting.
Never operate without
approved canopy or cab.
MS-1858
Use caution to avoid
tipping - do not swing
heavy load over side of
track.
on
flat,
MS1859
Keep bystanders out of
maximum reach area.
WRONG
B19934
Avoid steep areas or
banks that could break
away.
Never modify equipment.
Never use attachments
not approved by Bobcat
Company.
WRONG
WRONG
Operate
ground.
CORRECT
CORRECT
15°
Maximum
CORRECT
15°
Maximum
B-19936
MS-1786
Never exceed a 15° slope
to the side.
Never travel up a slope
that exceeds 15°.
Do not travel or turn with
bucket extended.
level
Never carry riders.
CORRECT
CORRECT
25°
Maximum
MS-1853
6808261A
MS-1861
Never exceed 25° when
going down or backing
up a slope.
CORRECT
B-21928
To leave Excavator, lower
the attachment.
Fasten seat belt securely.
Stop the engine.
Operate controls only
from operator’s seat.
SAFETY EQUIPMENT
1. Seat Belt
2. Swing Lock
3. ROPS/TOPS Canopy
or Cab
4. Machine Safety Signs
5. Safety Tread
6. Grab Handles
OSW24-1003
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
CONTENTS
FOREWORD
FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XI
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-1
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-1
SYSTEM SET-UP AND ANALYSIS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SA-1
SAFETY
INSTRUCTIONS
OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPEC-1
PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE
REFERENCE INFORMATION
Write the correct information for YOUR Excavator in the spaces below. Always use
these numbers when referring to your Bobcat Excavator.
SYSTEM SET-UP
& ANALYSIS
Bobcat Excavator
Serial Number
Engine Serial Number
SPECIFICATIONS
NOTES
YOUR BOBCAT® EXCAVATOR DEALER:
ADDRESS:
PHONE:
Bobcat Company Europe
J. Huysmanslaan 59
B-1651 LOT
Belgium
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Operation & Maintenance Manual
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Operation & Maintenance Manual
FOREWORD
FOREWORD
This manual gives the owner/operator necessary operating and preventive maintenance
instructions for the Bobcat Excavator.
Read this manual completely and get to know the Bobcat Excavator before operating and
servicing it. All references to left or right on the Excavator are given in relation to the operator's
left or right hand while in the operator's seat.
For further information, see your Bobcat Excavator dealer. Parts Manuals, Service Manuals
and extra Operation & Maintenance Manuals are also available.
BOBCAT COMPANY IS ISO 9001:2000 CERTIFIED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V
BOBCAT EXCAVATOR IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VIII
DELIVERY REPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VII
FEATURES AND ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IX
REGULAR MAINTENANCE ITEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V
SYSTEM SETUP
& ANALYSIS
SERIAL NUMBER LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VII
TRANSLATIONS
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Operation & Maintenance Manual
BOBCAT COMPANY IS ISO 9001:2000 CERTIFIED
ISO 9001:2000 is a set of international standards that control the processes and procedures which we use to design,
develop, manufacture, distribute, and service Bobcat products.
British Standards Institute (BSI) is the Certified Registrar Bobcat chose to assess the Company’s compliance with the
ISO 9001:2000 set of standards. The BSI registration certifies that the two Bobcat manufacturing plants and the Bobcat
corporate offices (Gwinner, Bismarck & West Fargo) in North Dakota are in compliance with ISO 9001:2000. Only
certified assessors, such as BSI, can grant registrations.
ISO 9001:2000 means that as a company we say what we do and do what we say. In other words, we have established
procedures and policies, and we provide evidence that the procedures and policies are followed.
REGULAR MAINTENANCE ITEMS
ENGINE OIL FILTER
6675517
BATTERY 6670251
FUEL FILTER
6667352
FLUID, Hydraulic/Hydrostatic (15 litres)
6563328
AIR FILTER, Outer
6666333
RADIATOR CAP
6646678
AIR FILTER, Inner
6666334
PROPYLENE GLYCOL ANTI-FREEZE,
Premixed [-34 F] (-37C)
6724094
PRIMARY HYDRAULIC FILTER 6661248
CASE DRAIN HYDRAULIC
FILTER 6516722
PROPYLENE GLYCOL ANTI-FREEZE,
Concentrate
6724354
MOTOR OIL
6667299 SAE 15W40 CE/SG (11 L)
6657301 SAE 10W30 CE/SG (11 L)
6657303 SAE 30W CE/SG (11 L)
6724558 SAE 15W40 CE/SG (4 L)
6724557 SAE 10W30 CE/SG (4 L)
6724559 SAE 30W CS/SG (4 L)
v
6674294 SAE 15W40 CE/SG (9.5 L)
6674205 SAE 10W30 CE/SG (9.5 L)
6674206 SAE 30W CS/SG (9.5 L)
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SERIAL NUMBER LOCATIONS
Engine Serial Number
Always use the serial number of the Excavator when
requesting service information or when ordering parts.
Early or later models (identification made by serial
number) may use different parts, or it may be necessary
to use a different procedure in doing a specific service
operation.
Figure 2
1
Excavator Serial Number
Figure 1
P-49279
Figure 3
1
1
P-49272
The Excavator serial number plate (Item 1) is located on
the frame of the machine in the location shown [Figure 1].
Explanation of Excavator Serial Number:
XXXX XXXXX
Module 2. - Production
Sequence (Series)
P-49280
The engine serial number (Item 1) [Figure 2] & [Figure 3]
is located on the engine in the locations shown.
Module 1. - Model / Engine
Combination
DELIVERY REPORT
1. The four digit Model/Engine Combination Module
number identifies the model number and engine
combination.
Figure 4
2. The five digit Production Sequence Number identifies
the order which the Excavator is produced.
B-16315
The delivery report must be filled in by the dealer and
signed by the owner or operator when the Bobcat
Excavator is delivered. An explanation of the form must be
given to the owner. Make sure it is filled in completely
[Figure 4].
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BOBCAT EXCAVATOR IDENTIFICATION
AUXILIARY
QUICK
COUPLERS
ARM
CYLINDER
OPERATOR’S
HANDBOOK
LIFT
POINT
OPERATOR
SEAT With
SEAT BELT
CONTROL
LEVERS
(JOYSTICKS)
BOOM
BUCKET
CYLINDER
ARM
BOOM
CYLINDER
BUCKET
LINK
X-CHANGE ™
BLADE
CYLINDER
TIE DOWNS/
LIFT POINTS
BUCKET
RIGHT SIDE
COVER
*CANOPY/CAB
(ROPS/TOPS)
TAILGATE
BLADE
TRACK FRAME
TRACK
TIE
DOWN
SUPERSTRUCTURE
TRACK
B-19948
B-19949
* FOGS (Falling Object Guards) is available from your Bobcat Excavator dealer.
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FEATURES AND ACCESSORIES
Standard Items
Attachments
Model 331, 331E & 334 Bobcat Excavators are equipped
with the following standard items:
These and other attachments are approved for use on this
model Bobcat Excavator. Do not use unapproved
attachments. Attachments not manufactured by Bobcat
may not be approved.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Canopy with ROPS/TOPS Approval
1524 mm Dozer Blade
400 mm Rubber Tracks
Two-Speed Travel
Auxiliary Hydraulics
Hydraulic and Travel Control Lock-outs
Blade Float
Working Lights - Boom and Frame Mounted
Engine and Hydraulic system Monitor with Shut Down
Horn
Hydraulic Joystick Controls
Suspension Seat
Spark Arrester Silencer
Advanced Diagnostics
Counterweight (331, 334, 331E)
Hydraulic Extendable Arm (331E)
Direct to Tank Auxiliary Hydraulics
The versatile Bobcat Excavator quickly turns into a multijob machine with a variety of attachments.
See your Bobcat dealer for more details on these and
other attachments and field accessories.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Subject to change.
Options and Accessories
Buckets
Below is a list of some equipment available from your
Bobcat Excavator dealer as Dealer and/or FactoryInstalled Accessories and Factory-Installed Options. See
your Bobcat dealer for other available options,
accessories and attachments.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Heavy duty trenching bucket
Trenching buckets
Grading bucket
Auger
Breaker
Hydraulic Clamp (331, 334)
3-Tined Grapple (331, 334)
Compactor (Arm retracted and pinned 331E)
Power Tilt (Arm retracted and pinned 331E)
Ripper
130 mm Grading blade
Hydro tilt
Cutter crusher (331, 334)
Increase the versatility of your Bobcat Excavator with a
variety of bucket sizes.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Enclosed Cab With Heater and A.C.
Enclosed Cab With Heater
Travel Motion Alarm
Keyless Start
Canopy/Cab Mounted Lights
Catalytic Exhaust Purifier
Top Guard Kit (FOGS)
Steel Tracks
Special Application Cab
Counterweight (331)
Long Arm (331)
Extendable Arm (331, 334)
X-Change ™
ix
305 mm Trenching
406 mm Trenching
508 mm Trenching
610 mm Trenching
610 mm Heavy duty trenching
760 mm Trenching
914 mm Trenching
991 mm Grading
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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
MACHINE SIGNS (TRANSFERS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XVI
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XIII
Before Operating the Bobcat Compact Excavator. . . . . . . . . . xiv
Fire Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv
Safe Operation Is The Operator’s Responsibility. . . . . . . . . . . xiii
SAFETY
INSTRUCTIONS
SYSTEM SETUP
& ANALYSIS
TRANSLATIONS
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•
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Safe Operation Is The Operator’s Responsibility
Carefully follow the operating
instructions in this manual.
and
maintenance
An Operator’s Handbook is fastened to the cab of the
Excavator. Its brief instructions are convenient to the
operator. The Handbook is available from your dealer
in an English edition or one of many other languages.
See your Bobcat dealer for more information on
translated versions.
The dealer and owner/operator review the recommended
uses of the product when delivered. If the owner/operator
will be using the machine for a different application(s) he
should ask the dealer for recommendations on the new
use.
The Bobcat Excavator is highly manoeuvrable and
compact. It is rugged and useful under a wide variety of
conditions. This presents an operator with hazards
associated with off highway, rough terrain applications,
common with Bobcat Excavator usage.
Sl22-0803
The Bobcat Excavator has an internal combustion engine
with resultant heat and exhaust. All exhaust gases can kill
or cause illness, so use the Excavator with adequate
ventilation. The Excavator has a spark arrester exhaust
system or silencer which is required for operation in
certain areas.
The dealer explains the capabilities and restrictions of the
Bobcat Excavator and attachments for each application.
The dealer demonstrates the safe operation according to
Bobcat instructional materials, which are also available to
operators. The dealer can also identify unsafe
modifications or use of unapproved attachments. The
attachments and buckets are designed for a Rated Lift
Capacity and secure fastening to the Bobcat Excavator.
The user must check with the dealer or Bobcat literature
to determine safe loads of materials of specified densities
for the Excavator-attachment combination.
The following publications and training materials provide
information on the safe use and maintenance of the
Bobcat Excavator and attachments:
•
The Delivery Report is used to assure that complete
instructions have been given to the new owner and
that the Bobcat Excavator and attachment are in safe
operating condition.
•
The Operation & Maintenance Manual delivered with
the Bobcat Excavator or attachment gives operating
information as well as routine maintenance and
service procedures. It is a part of the machine and is
stored in a container provided inside the cab of the
Excavator. Replacement Operation & Maintenance
Manuals may be ordered from your Bobcat dealer.
•
Machine signs (stickers) instruct on the safe operation
and care of your Bobcat Excavator or attachment. The
signs and their locations are shown in the Operation &
Maintenance Manual. Replacement signs are
available from your Bobcat dealer.
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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS (CONT’D)
the Delivery Report, Operation & Maintenance
Manual, Operator’s Handbook, and machine signs
(transfers).
Before Operating the Bobcat Compact Excavator
•
Safety Alert Symbol
This symbol with a warning statement means:
“Warning, be alert! Your safety is involved!”
Carefully read the message that follows.
Check the rules and regulations at your location. The
rules may include your employer’s work safety
requirements. Regulations may apply to local driving
requirements or use of a Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV)
emblem. Regulations may identify a hazard such as a
utility line.
Know the Work Conditions
•
Know the weight of the materials being handled. Avoid
exceeding the Rated Lifting Capacity of the machine.
Material which is very dense will be heavier than the
same volume of less dense material. Reduce the size
of load if handling dense material.
•
The operator must know any prohibited uses or work
areas: for example, he needs to know about excessive
slopes.
•
Know the location of any underground lines.
•
Wear tight-fitting clothing. Always wear safety glasses
when doing maintenance or service. Safety glasses,
hearing protection or special applications kit are
required for some work. See your dealer about Bobcat
Safety equipment.
WARNING
WARNING
Operator must have instructions before operating the
machine. Untrained operators may cause injury or
death.
W-2001-0502
IMPORTANT
This notice identifies procedures which must be
followed to avoid damage to the machine.
SI23-1003
I-2019-0284
WARNING
WARNING
Warnings on the machine and in the manuals are for
your safety. Failure to obey warnings may cause
injury or death.
W-2044-1285
The Bobcat Excavator and attachment must be in good
operating condition before use.
Check all of the items on the Bobcat Service Schedule
Decal under the 8-10 hour column or as shown in the
Operation & Maintenance Manual.
SAFE OPERATION NEEDS A QUALIFIED OPERATOR
For an operator to be qualified, he must not use drugs or
alcoholic drinks which impair his alertness or coordination while working. An operator who is taking
prescription drugs must get medical advice to determine if
he can safely operate a machine.
A Qualified Operator Must Do The Following:
Understand the Written Instructions, Rules and
Regulations
•
The written instructions from Bobcat company include
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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS (CONT’D)
•
Stop the engine and let it cool before refuelling. No
smoking!
•
Use the procedure in the Operation & Maintenance
Manual for connecting the battery and for jump-lead
starting.
•
Know where fire extinguishers and first aid kits are
located and how to use them. Fire extinguishers are
available from your Bobcat dealer.
Fire Prevention
The machines and some attachments have components
that are at high temperatures under normal operating
conditions. The primary source of high temperatures is
the engine and exhaust system. The electrical system, if
damaged or incorrectly maintained, can be a source of
arcs or sparks.
Flammable debris (leaves, straw, etc) must be removed
regularly. If flammable debris is allowed to accumulate, it
can cause a fire hazard. Clean often to avoid this
accumulation. Flammable debris in the engine
compartment is a potential fire hazard.
The spark arrester exhaust system (if equipped) is
designed to control the emission of hot particles from the
engine and exhaust system, but the silencer and the
exhaust gases are still hot.
•
Do not use the machine where exhaust, arcs, sparks
or hot components may contact flammable material,
explosive dust or gases.
•
The operator cab, engine compartment and engine
cooling system must be inspected every day and
cleaned if necessary to prevent fire hazards and
overheating.
•
Check all electrical wiring and connections for
damage. Keep the battery terminals clean and tight.
Repair or replace any damaged part.
•
Check fuel and hydraulic tubes, hoses and fittings for
damage and leakage. Never use open flame or bare
skin to check for leaks. Tighten or replace any parts
that show leakage. Always clean fluid spills. Do not
use petrol or diesel fuel for cleaning parts. Use
commercial non-flammable solvents.
•
Do not use ether or starting fluids on any engine
which has glow plugs. These starting aids may cause
explosion and injure you or bystanders.
•
Always clean the machine, disconnect the battery,
and disconnect the wiring from the electronic
controllers before welding. Cover rubber hoses,
battery and all other flammable parts. Keep a fire
extinguisher near the machine when welding. Have
good ventilation when grinding or welding painted
parts. Wear dust mask when grinding painted parts.
Toxic dust or gas may be produced.
SI24-0703
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MACHINE SIGNS (TRANSFERS)
Follow the instructions on all the Machine Signs (Transfers) on the Excavator. Replace any damaged machine signs and
be sure they are in the correct locations. Machine signs are available from your Bobcat Excavator dealer.
LEFT CONSOLE AREA
6808481
OPERATOR’S
HANDBOOK
6808433
6808261
6577754(2)
6815983
6817815
6902747
RIGHT CONSOLE AREA
6808474
6808949
6594897
6808474
6809829
6589129(2)
6804114(2)
6808872(2)
6808480
6533899 (2)
6808185
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MACHINE SIGNS (TRANSFERS) (CONT’D)
Follow the instructions on all the Machine Signs (Transfers) on the Excavator. Replace any damaged machine signs and
be sure they are in the correct locations. Machine signs are available from your Bobcat Excavator dealer.
(Cab Option)
6815985
6807776
INSIDE CAB
6810008 - 331
6810010 - 331E
6810009 - 334
6815986
6710829
6817815
6707971
6808602
6809263
6803760
6809832
6804233
6805416
IN ENGINE
COMPARTMENT
6565990
681993(2)
6808879
INSIDE REAR DOOR
xvii
6817082
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OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
ATTACHMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-29
Auxiliary Hydraulics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-33
Quick Couplers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-32
Relieving Hydraulic Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-33
Using The X-Change™ System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-29
Installing Bucket Or Attachment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-30
Removing Bucket Or Attachment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-29
BLADE CONTROL LEVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-19
OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS
BOOM SWING PEDAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-19
DAILY INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-20
Service Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-21
FALLING OBJECT GUARDS (FOGS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-8
HYDRAULIC CONTROLS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-18
ISO Control Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-18
Left Control Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-18
Right Control Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-18
INSTRUMENTS AND CONSOLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-3
Cab Interior Light (If Equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-3
Function Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-5
Left Console. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-3
Raising And Lowering The Console. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-6
Right Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-4
LIFTING THE EXCAVATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-44
CONT’D
OI-1
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OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS (CONT’D)
OPERATING PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Backfilling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boom Swing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving The Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Excavating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Extending The Arm (331E Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lifting A Load. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating In Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating On Public Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating On Slopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OI-34
OI-38
OI-37
OI-38
OI-35
OI-41
OI-34
OI-41
OI-34
OI-39
OPERATOR CAB (ROPS/TOPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-9
Cab Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-10
Emergency Exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-9
Front Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-11
OPERATOR CANOPY (ROPS/TOPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-7
PARKING THE EXCAVATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-42
PRE-STARTING PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-22
STARTING THE ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyless Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cold Temperature Starting Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OI-24
OI-24
OI-25
OI-26
STEERING LEVERS/FOOT PEDALS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-16
Forward And Reverse Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-16
Turning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-16
TRANSPORTING THE EXCAVATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OI-43
OI-2
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Horn - (Item 2) [Figure OI-2] Press the button on the
Control Lever to sound the horn.
INSTRUMENTS AND CONSOLES
Cab Interior Light (If Equipped)
Heater/Air Conditioner (with Cab Option Only)
Figure OI-1
Fan Motor - (Item 3) [Figure OI-2] Turn clockwise to
increase fan speed; anticlockwise to decrease. There are
four positions: OFF - 1 - 2 - 3.
Air Conditioner - (Item 4) [Figure OI-2] Press the top of
the switch to turn the Air Conditioner ON (light in switch
will be ON); press bottom to turn OFF,
Temperature Control - (Item 5) [Figure OI-2] Turn
clockwise to increase temperature; anticlockwise to
decrease.
1
Switches
P-42568
Press the button (Item 1) [Figure OI-1] to turn the light
ON. Press again to turn OFF.
Wiper/Washer Switch - (Item 6) [Figure OI-2] Press the
switch to the left to start the wiper. The switch will stay in
this position.
Press to the right to turn the wiper OFF.
Left Console
Press and hold to the left to turn the washer ON to
help clean the window. The switch will return to the
ON position when released.
Figure OI-2
Future Use - (Item 7) [Figure OI-2]
2
Future Use - (Item 8) [Figure OI-2]
1
Future Use - (Item 9) [Figure OI-2]
6
3
4
5
7
8
9
P-46187A
Left Control Lever (Joystick) (Item 1) [Figure OI-2] (See HYDRAULIC CONTROLS on Page OI-18).
OI-3
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
INSTRUMENTS AND CONSOLES (CONT’D)
STOP
ON
START
Right Console
Figure OI-3
4
5
3
- Key switch OFF; engine stopped
- Position when the engine is running.
- Start engine.
NOTE: Always turn key switch and all accessories to
OFF position when the engine is stopped the
battery will discharge if the key is left ON.
Audible alarm will sound if the key is in the ON
position with the engine stopped.
2
Auxiliary Power Outlet - (Item 7) [Figure OI-3] Provides
12 volt receptacle for accessories.
1
6
Auxiliary Hydraulic Button - (Item 8) [Figure OI-3]
Activates and deactivates auxiliary hydraulic function. (See
Auxiliary Hydraulics on Page OI-33).
ON
STOP
START
HOURS/JOB/RPM - (Item 9) [Figure OI-3] Press to show
HOURS, JOB CLOCK or Engine RPM in LCD (Liquid
Crystal Display, Item 12.) [Figure OI-3] (See “Password
Lock-out Feature” on Page SA-5.)
7
DELUXE Panel Shown
13
11
8
16 17
9
12
LIGHTS/HOLD FOR CODES - (Item 10) [Figure OI-3]
Press once to turn lights ON; press again to turn lights
OFF, Press and hold two seconds for display of SERVICE
CODES in LCD (Item 12) [Figure OI-3].
14
15
TEMPerature - (Item 11) [Figure OI-3] Shows the engine
coolant temperature.
10
P-49175A
Right Control Lever (Joystick) - (Item 1) [Figure OI-3]
(See HYDRAULIC CONTROLS on Page OI-18).
Auxiliary Hydraulics Switch - (Item 2) [Figure OI-3]
Controls the fluid flow to the auxiliary quick couplers
(attachment). (See Auxiliary Hydraulics on Page OI-33).
Blade Control Lever - (Item 3) [Figure OI-3] Controls
raising and lowering the blade. Pushed all the way forward
puts blade in float position. (See BLADE CONTROL
LEVER on Page OI-19).
Two-Speed Button - (Item 4) [Figure OI-3] Engages and
disengages High Range Travel Speed, (See Two-Speed
Travel on Page OI-7).
Speed Control Lever - (Item 5) [Figure OI-3] Controls
the RPM of the engine.
Key Switch (STANDARD Panel Only) - (Item 6) [Figure
OI-3] Always perform the PRE-STARTING PROCEDURE,
(See PRE-STARTING PROCEDURE on Page OI-22).
Before starting the engine. (See STARTING THE ENGINE
on Page OI-24).
LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) - (Item 12) [Figure OI-3]
The LCD is the HOUR METER during normal operation of
the Excavator, When preheat is activated (Keyless Start),
the LCD will show remaining preheat time. Can also be
used to display JOB CLOCK or Engine RPM. (See “Job
Clock” on Page SA-5.)
FUEL Gauge - (Item 13) [Figure OI-3] Shows the amount
of fuel in the tank.
Keyless Start (DELUXE Panel Only) - (Item 14) [Figure
OI-3]
(Always
perform
the
PRE-STARTING
PROCEDURE, (See PRE-STARTING PROCEDURE on
Page OI-22). Before starting the engine. (See STARTING
THE ENGINE on Page OI-24).
Function Icons - (Item 15) [Figure OI-3] (See Function
Icons on Page OI-5).
JOB - (Item 16) [Figure OI-3] On when JOB CLOCK is
activated.
RPM - (Item 17) [Figure OI-3] On when Engine RPM is
activated.
OI-4
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
INSTRUMENTS AND CONSOLES (CONT’D)
Function Icons
The table below shows the Icons, their function and other important information.
FUNCTION
ICON/LIGHT
ALARM
CONDITION/
CODE
Auxiliary
Hydraulics
OFF
CONTINUOUS
FLASHING
----3 Beeps
----Error ♦
Auxiliary Hydraulics Button pressed, hydraulic functions available.
Error with Auxiliary Hydraulics.
Two-Speed
Travel
OFF
CONTINUOUS
FLASHING
----3 Beeps
----Error ♦
Two-Speed activated, High Range engaged
Solenoid Error
Hydraulic/
Traction Drive
CONTINUOUS
OFF
FLASHING
FLASHING
----3 Beeps
CONTINUOUS
--Error ♦
Error ♦
Glow
Plugs
OFF
CONTINUOUS
FLASHING
----3 Beeps
System
Voltage
OFF
FLASHING
--3 Beeps
3 Beeps
CONTINUOUS
CONTINUOUS
Error ♦
Warning ♦
Warning ♦
Shutdown ♦
Voltage out of range
Voltage low or high
Voltage extremely high
Voltage extremely low - Engine will stop in 10 seconds.
Engine Oil
Pressure
OFF
CONTINUOUS
CONTINUOUS
FLASHING
--3 Beeps
3 Beeps
CONTINUOUS
* ♦
Error
Warning ♦
Shutdown ♦
Engine Oil Pressure sender out of range.
Engine Oil level low.
Engine Oil pressure very low, Engine will shutdown in 10 seconds.
Hydraulic Oil
Filter &
Temperature
OFF
FLASHING
CONTINUOUS
CONTINUOUS
FLASHING
--3 Beeps
3 Beeps
3 Beeps
CONTINUOUS
Warning ♦
Error ♦
Warning ♦
Shutdown ♦
General
Warning
OFF
CONTINUOUS
CONTINUOUS
FLASHING
--3 Beeps
3 Beeps
CONTINUOUS
Error ♦
Warning ♦
Shutdown ♦
Keypad
Unlocked
ON
OFF
-----
10
Seat
Belt
ON
---
-------
11
Low
Fuel
OFF
CONTINUOUS
--3 Beeps
--Warning
REF.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
*
--Error ♦
*
*
*
DESCRIPTION
Left Console down. Hydraulic/Traction Drive functions activated
Left Console up. Hydraulic/Traction Drive functions deactivated
Error with console sensor or workgroup solenoid
Workgroup solenoid not connected
Glow Plugs energized
Error with Glow Plugs
*
Error with Hydraulic Filter
Hydraulic Oil Temperature out of range
Hydraulic Filter plugged or temperature high
Hydraulic Oil Temp. extremely high - Engine will stop in 10 seconds.
Error with one or more engine, hydraulic, or fuel functions.
Low fuel, engine speed high, coolant temperature high
Coolant temperature or engine speed extremely high - Engine will stop in
10 seconds.
Panel is unlocked
Light stays on for 45 seconds to remind operator to fasten seat belt.
Light stays on
* This is the normal operating condition.
♦
These functions are monitored and have SERVICE CODES associated with them, See SYSTEM SET-UP & ANALYSIS Page SA-3 for
descriptions of SERVICE CODES.
Figure OI-4
DELUXE Panel Shown
1
3
11
2
4
5
9
6
7
8
10
P16616
The right console contains the instrument panel with
Function Icons [Figure OI-4].
OI-5
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS (CONT’D)
Raising And Lowering The Console
Superstructure Slewing Lock
Raise the console before exiting the cab.
Figure OI-5
Figure OI-6
2
1
P-49281
P-49126
Push the lever down (Item 1) [Figure OI-5] to engage the
superstructure slewing lock.
Pull up on the release handle [Figure OI-6]. The lifting
spring will assist in raising the console.
Pull the lever up (Item 2) [Figure OI-5] to disengage the
superstructure slewing lock.
Lower the console before operating the Excavator.
NOTE: Superstructure must be in the straight forward
or
straight
backward
position
for
superstructure to lock.
Push down on the console [Figure OI-6] until the latch is
engaged.
NOTE: When the console is raised, the hydraulic and
traction system functions are locked and will
not operate.
If the engine stops, the boom/bucket
(attachments) may be lowered to the ground
using hydraulic pressure in the accumulator.
The control console must be in the locked
down position, and the key switch in the ON
position.
OI-6
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS (CONT’D)
OPERATOR CANOPY (ROPS/TOPS)
Two-Speed Travel
Description
Figure OI-7
WARNING
1
Never modify operator cab by welding, grinding,
drilling holes or adding attachments unless
instructed to do so by Bobcat. Changes to the cab
can cause loss of operator protection from rollover
and falling objects, and result in injury or death.
W-2069-1299
P-49094
Push the button (Item 1) [Figure OI-7] to engage the
High Range.
The Excavator has an operator canopy (ROPS/TOPS Roll Over Protective Structure/Tip Over Protective
Structure) as standard equipment. The ROPS/TOPS
meets ROPS ISO 3471 and TOPS ISO 12117.
An enclosed cab (ROPS/TOPS) is an Option or may be
installed as a Field Accessory.
Both the cab and canopy provide operator protection if
the Excavator is tipped over. The seat belt must be worn
for ROPS/TOPS protection.
Figure OI-8
1
P16616
When High Range is engaged, the two speed travel icon
(Item 1) [Figure OI-8] will illuminate.
Press the button again to disengage.
OI-7
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
FALLING OBJECT GUARDS (FOGS)
Figure OI-9
Not available at time of print
A cab or canopy FOGS (Falling Object Guards) (Item 1)
[Figure OI-9] is available as a field-installed accessory.
The FOGS provides additional protection from heavier
objects falling on the cab/canopy.
For the cab or canopy to meet the FOGS (Falling Object
Guards) (ISO 10262-level 1), the Excavator must have the
overhead guard (Item 1) [Figure OI-9] and Special
Application Kit installed.
See your Excavator dealer to order these kits.
OI-8
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATOR CAB (ROPS/TOPS)
Figure OI-12
Emergency Exit
The left door, front window and right rear window provide
exits.
Figure OI-10
P-49118
Exit through the window [Figure OI-12]
1
Figure OI-13
P-49176
Pull forward on the latch (Item 1) [Figure OI-10].
Figure OI-11
P-49127
1
Raise the front window and exit through the window
[Figure OI-13].
P-49177
Pull the latch/handle (Item 1) [Figure OI-11] forward to
open the window.
Push the handle back to close the window.
OI-9
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATOR CAB (ROPS/TOPS) (CONT’D)
Cab Door
Figure OI-14
1
P-42570
The cab door (Item 1) [Figure OI-14] can be locked with
the same key as the starter switch (if equipped).
Figure OI-15
P-49283
Push the door all the way open until the latch engages to
hold the door in the open position.
Firmly pull the door away from the cab to disengage the
latch and close the door [Figure OI-15].
OI-10
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATOR CAB (ROPS/TOPS) (CONT’D)
Opening The Front Window
Front Window
Figure OI-17
Figure OI-16
1
1
P-49097
P-49095
Retract the two top window latch pins (Item 1)
[Figure OI-17].
The front window is equipped with a wiper (Item 1)
[Figure OI-16] and washer.
Figure OI-18
1
P-49098
Turn the two top latches (Item 1) [Figure OI-18] to the
unlocked position.
OI-11
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATOR CAB (ROPS/TOPS) (CONT’D)
Closing The Front Window
Front Window (Cont’d)
Support the window while releasing both window latch
pins and placing the pins in the unlocked position
[Figure OI-20].
Figure OI-19
Support the window using the left grab handle and pull
down on the latch (Item 1) [Figure OI-20] to release the
window.
Use both window grab handles to pull the window down
[Figure OI-19].
Rotate the top latches (Item 1) [Figure OI-18 on Page
OI-11] to the locked position (Item 1) [Figure OI-17 on
Page OI-11].
P-49127
Use both window grab handles to pull the top of the
window in [Figure OI-19].
Continue moving the window in and up over the operator’s
head until the window is fully raised.
Figure OI-20
1
2
P-49099
When the window is fully raised, the latch (Item 1) will
close on the bracket. Turn the two top latches (Item 2)
[Figure OI-20] to the locked position.
OI-12
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATOR CAB (ROPS/TOPS) (CONT’D)
Opening the right front window
Right Side Windows
Figure OI-23
Opening the right rear window
Figure OI-21
1
1
P-49119
Pull back on the latch (Item 1) [Figure OI-23].
P-49176
Figure OI-24
Pull out on the latch (Item 1) [Figure OI-21].
Figure OI-22
1
1
P-49120
Pull the latch/handle (Item 1) [Figure OI-24] back to open
the window.
P-49177
Push the handle forward to close the window.
Pull the latch/handle (Item 1) [Figure OI-22] forward to
open the window.
Push the handle back to close the window.
OI-13
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATOR CAB (ROPS/TOPS) (CONT’D)
Figure OI-27
Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Duct
There are two HVAC ducts which the operator may install.
1
Figure OI-25
1
P-42587
Remove the screw and pull straight up to remove the duct
(Item 1) [Figure OI-27].
P-42587
The small duct (Item 1) [Figure OI-25] is standard for
heater use.
NOTE: The air conditioner duct may be ordered and
used on heater models.
Figure OI-26
1
P-42588
The large duct (Item 1) [Figure OI-26] is standard for air
conditioner use.
NOTE: This duct is removable for improved operator
visibility.
OI-14
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATOR CAB (ROPS/TOPS) (CONT’D)
Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Duct
(Cont’d)
Figure OI-28
1
2
3
P-42588
Place the air conditioning duct (Item 1) on the housing
and over the locking stud (Item 2) [Figure OI-28].
Install the screw (Item 3) [Figure OI-28].
Figure OI-29
1
P-42590
Fully seat the duct and rotate the lock (Item 1)
[Figure OI-29].
OI-15
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
STEERING LEVERS/FOOT PEDALS
Turning
Forward And Reverse Travel
Right Turn
NOTE: The following procedures describe forward,
reverse, left and right as seated in the
operator’s seat.
Figure OI-31
Right Turn
(Forward)
Figure OI-30
Forward
1
1
Neutral
Reverse
B-19992
2
2
Push the left steering lever forwards to turn right
[Figure OI-31] while travelling forward.
P-49125
Figure OI-32
Put the blade so that it is at the front of the machine (as
you sit in the operator’s seat). Slowly move both steering
levers* (Item 1) [Figure OI-30] forwards for forward travel;
backwards for reverse travel.
Right Turn
(Reverse)
* Travel may also be controlled with foot pedals (Item 2)
[Figure OI-30]. Pivot the heel of the pedals forward for
additional space on the floor.
WARNING
•
•
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Check the blade location before travelling. When
the blade is behind you, operate the steering
levers/foot pedals in the opposite direction to
when the blade is in the front.
Move the steering levers/foot pedals slowly.
Abrupt lever motion will cause the machine to
jerk.
B-19993
Pull the left steering lever backwards to turn right while
travelling backward [Figure OI-32]
W-2235-0396
OI-16
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
STEERING LEVERS/FOOT PEDALS (CONT’D)
Figure OI-35
Turning (Cont’d)
Left Turn
(Reverse)
Counter - Rotation Right Turn
Figure OI-33
Counter-Rotation
(Right Turn)
B-19990
Pull the right steering lever backwards to turn left while
travelling backward [Figure OI-35].
Counter-Rotation Left Turn
B-19988
Figure OI-36
Push the left steering lever forwards and pull the right
steering lever backwards [Figure OI-33].
Counter-Rotation
(Left Turn)
Left Turn
Figure OI-34
Left Turn
(Forward)
B-19991
Push the right steering lever forwards and pull the left
steering lever backwards [Figure OI-36].
B-19989
Push the right steering lever forwards to turn left while
travelling forward [Figure OI-34].
OI-17
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
HYDRAULIC CONTROLS
Right Control Lever
ISO Control Pattern
Figure OI-39
Left Control Lever
Figure OI-37
1
1
P-16615
P-49130
Figure OI-40
P-16615
P-42159
Figure OI-38
B-21924
B-21923
The work equipment (boom, arm, bucket, and
superstructure slew) is operated by using the left and right
control levers (joysticks). (See [Figure OI-37] & [Figure
OI-38] and [Figure OI-39] & [Figure OI-40])
The left lever is used to operate the arm and to slew the
superstructure [Figure OI-37] & [Figure OI-38].
1. Arm out.
2. Arm out and slew right.
3. Slew right.
4. Arm in and slew right.
5. Arm in.
6. Arm in and slew left.
7. Slew left.
8. Arm out and slew left.
The right lever is used to operate the boom and bucket
[Figure OI-39] & [Figure OI-40].
1.
Boom lower.
2.
Boom lower and bucket dump.
3.
Bucket dump.
4.
Boom raise and bucket dump.
5.
Boom raise.
6.
Boom raise and bucket curl.
7.
Bucket curl.
8.
Boom lower and bucket curl.
WARNING
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Before leaving the machine:
• Lower the work equipment to the ground.
• Lower the blade to the ground.
• Stop the engine and remove the key.
W-2196-0595
OI-18
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
BLADE CONTROL LEVER
BOOM SWING PEDAL
Figure OI-41
Figure OI-42
3
2
1
1
2
P-49128
P-49129
Pull the lever backwards to raise the blade (Item 1)
[Figure OI-41].
Release the pedal lock and pivot the heel of the pedal to
the rear (Item 1) [Figure OI-42].
Push the lever forwards to lower the blade (Item 2)
[Figure OI-41].
Push the toe of the pedal (Item 2) to swing the boom to
the right; push the heel (Item 1) [Figure OI-42] to swing
the boom to the left.
Push the lever (Item 3) [Figure OI-41] forwards until the
lever is in the locked position to put the blade in the float
position.
Figure OI-43
Pull the lever backwards to unlock from the float position.
NOTE: Keep the blade lowered when digging to help
stabilise machine.
B-19937
NOTE: The purpose of the boom swing pedal is to
offset the boom with respect to the
superstructure for digging close to a
structure [Figure OI-43].
OI-19
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
DAILY INSPECTION
Maintenance work must be done at regular intervals.
Failure to do so will result in excessive wear and early
failures. The Service Schedule is a guide for correct
maintenance of the Bobcat Excavator (See Service
Schedule on Page OI-21). It is located inside the rear door
of the Excavator.
Check the following items before each day of operation:
•
Operator Canopy or Cab (ROPS/TOPS) and mounting
fixings.
•
Seat belt and mounting fixings.
•
Damaged signs; replace as needed.
•
Check control console lock-out.
•
Air cleaner and intake hoses/clamps.
•
Engine oil level and engine for leaks.
•
Hydraulic fluid level and system for leaks.
•
Grease all pivot points.
•
Cylinder and attachment pivot points.
•
Track tension.
•
Repair broken and loose parts.
WARNING
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Never service or adjust the machine when the engine
is running unless instructed to do so in the manual.
W-2012-0497
Fluids such as engine oil, hydraulic fluid, coolants, etc
must be disposed of in an environmentally safe manner.
Some regulations require that certain spills and leaks on
the ground must be cleaned in a specific manner. Consult
local authority regulations for correct disposal.
OI-20
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
DAILY INSPECTION (CONT’D)
Service Schedule
6817082
OI-21
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PRE-STARTING PROCEDURE
Figure OI-46
Figure OI-44
4
1
3
1
2
2
5
P-42163
P-49239
Release the seat lever (Item 1) [Figure OI-46] to adjust
the seat forwards or backwards.
Read and understand the Operation & Maintenance
Manual (Item 1) and the Operator’s Handbook (Item 2)
[Figure OI-44] before operating.
Turn the handle (Item 2) to change the adjustment for
operator weight. Turn the handle until the operator’s
weight is shown in the window (Item 3) [Figure OI-46].
Figure OI-45
Release the lever (Item 4) [Figure OI-46] to change the
slope of the seat back.
Sit in the seat and turn the knob (Item 5) [Figure OI-46]
to adjust the height of the seat.
Figure OI-47
P-49240
Use the grab handles, tracks and safety treads to enter
the canopy/cab [Figure OI-45].
P-42245
Fasten the seat belt [Figure OI-47].
OI-22
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PRE-STARTING PROCEDURE (CONT’D)
WARNING
Figure OI-48
When an engine is running in an enclosed area, fresh
air must be added to avoid concentration of exhaust
fumes. If the engine is stationary, vent the exhaust
outside. Exhaust fumes contain odourless, invisible
gases which can kill without warning.
W-2050-1285
Figure OI-49
Forward
1
Neutral
P-49126
Lower the control console [Figure OI-48].
Reverse
NOTE: There is a control lock switch in the left console
which deactivates the hydraulic control levers
(joysticks) and the traction drive system when
the control console is raised. The console
must be in the locked down position for the
hydraulic control levers (joysticks) and
traction system to operate.
NOTE: If the control lock switch does not deactivate
the control levers and traction system when
console is raised, see your Bobcat dealer for
service.
P-42158
Put control levers (Item 1) [Figure OI-49] in the neutral
position.
WARNING
•
•
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Engines may have hot parts and hot exhaust gas.
Keep flammable material away.
Do not use machines in atmosphere containing
explosive gas.
W-2051-1086
OI-23
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
STARTING THE ENGINE
Stop the engine if the warning lights and alarm do not go
OFF. Check for the cause before starting the engine
again.
Key Switch
Perform the PRE-STARTING PROCEDURE (See PRESTARTING PROCEDURE on Page OI-22).
Turn the key switch OFF to stop the engine.
Figure OI-50
IMPORTANT
Do not engage the starter for longer than 15 seconds
at a time. Longer use can damage the starter by
overheating. Allow starter to cool for one minute
before using starter again.
I-2034-0700
1
P-49093
Move the engine speed control (Item 1) [Figure OI-50] to
low idle.
Figure OI-51
1
Stop
On
Start
P19199A
Turn the key (Item 1) [Figure OI-51] to the ON position. If
preheating is required, the glow plugs will automatically
cycle and the remaining preheat time (in seconds) will
show in the LCD. (Preheat icon will be ON).
Turn the key to START and release the key when the
engine starts. It will return to the ON position
[Figure OI-51].
OI-24
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
STARTING THE ENGINE (CONT’D)
Keyless Start
Perform the PRE-STARTING PROCEDURE (See PRESTARTING PROCEDURE on Page OI-22).
NOTE: If the password was incorrect there will be
three short beeps and “Error” will appear on
the LCD. Press the ENTER CODE Button again
and start again. After three failed attempts, you
must wait three minutes to try again.
Press the START Button (Item 3) [Figure OI-53] and hold
it until the engine starts.
Figure OI-52
IMPORTANT
Do not engage the starter for longer than 15 seconds
at a time. Longer use may damage the starter by
overheating. Allow starter to cool for one minute
before using starter again.
1
I-2034-0700
Press the STOP button (Item 4) [Figure OI-53] to stop the
engine.
P-49175
Move the engine speed control (Item 1) [Figure OI-52] to
low idle.
Figure OI-53
Stop the engine if the warning lights and alarm do not go
OFF.
Check for the cause before starting the engine again.
Password Lock-out Feature
See Password Lock-out Feature. (See “Password Lockout Feature” on Page SA-5.)
1
2
3
4
P16616
Press ENTER CODE Button (Item 1) [Figure OI-53]. The
display will become lit and there will be two short beeps,
CodE will appear on the LCD.
Use the keypad (Item 2) [Figure OI-53] to enter the
password. For each digit that you enter, a dash will appear
on the LCD. (You have 40 seconds to enter the password
or the process will abort and you will need to start again.)
If the password was entered correctly, there will be one
long beep.
OI-25
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
STARTING THE ENGINE (CONT’D)
Key Switch (Standard Panel)
Cold Temperature Starting Procedure
Figure OI-55
If the temperature is below freezing, perform the following
to make starting the engine easier:
•
Replace the engine oil with the correct type and
viscosity for the anticipated starting temperature. (See
“Fluid Specifications” on Page SPEC-18.)
•
Make sure the battery is fully charged.
•
Install an engine heater.
STOP
ON
START
NOTE: If the battery is discharged (but not frozen) a
booster battery can be used to jump-start the
Excavator (See “Using A Booster Battery
(Jump-Starting)” on Page PM-21.)
6808261
Turn the key to the ON position [Figure OI-55].
Figure OI-54
Figure OI-56
1
1
P-49175
P16616
Push the speed control lever (Item 1) [Figure OI-54] fully
forward.
The preheat icon (Item 1) [Figure OI-56] will come ON.
The glow plugs will automatically cycle. When the icon
goes off, turn the key to start.
Release the key when the engine starts. It will return to
the ON position.
Stop the engine if the warning lights and alarm do not go
off. Check for the cause before starting the engine again.
When the engine speed increases, move the speed
control lever to idle position until the engine warms up.
OI-26
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
STARTING THE ENGINE (CONT’D)
Cold Temperature Starting Procedure (Cont’d)
Keyless Start (Deluxe Panel)
Follow STARTING PROCEDURE See “Keyless Start” on
Page OI-25.
If the preheat icon comes ON, wait for it to disappear
before pressing the START Button [Figure OI-56 on Page
OI-26].
The remaining preheat time (in seconds) will count down
in the LCD.
IMPORTANT
Do not engage the starter for longer than 15 seconds
at a time. Longer use may damage the starter by
overheating. Allow starter to cool for one minute
before using starter again.
I-2034-0700
IMPORTANT
Machines warmed up with moderate engine speed
and light load have longer life.
I-2015-0284
WARNING
Do not use ether with glow plug (preheat) systems.
Explosion can result which may cause injury or
death, or severe engine damage.
W-2071-0700
OI-27
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
WARMING THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
IMPORTANT
When the temperature is below -20°F (-30°C),
hydrostatic oil must be warmed before starting. The
hydrostatic system will not get enough oil at low
temperatures and will be damaged. Park the machine
in an area where the temperature will be above 0°F
(-18°C) if possible.
I-2007-1285
Let the engine run at least 5 minutes to warm the engine
and hydraulic fluid before operating the Excavator.
Figure OI-57
1
P16616
If the Fluid Pressure Icon (Item 1) [Figure OI-57] comes
ON when operating the Excavator (cold), more warm-up
time is needed.
OI-28
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
ATTACHMENTS
Figure OI-59
Using The X-Change™ System
Removing Bucket Or Attachment
The Excavator is equipped with the X-Change™ system.
The X-Change™ is used for fast changing of buckets and
attachments.
2
NOTE: Removal and installation of the bucket is
shown. The procedure is the same for other
attachments. Disconnect any hydraulic lines
operated by hydraulic power before removing
any attachments (breaker, auger, etc).
1
P19392
WARNING
Never use attachments or buckets which are not
approved by Bobcat Company. Buckets and
attachments for safe loads of specified densities are
approved for each model. Unapproved attachments
can cause injury or death.
Start the engine, lift the boom approximately one foot and
extend the bucket cylinder until the X-Change™ pins
(Item 1) engage the hooks (Item 2) [Figure OI-59] on the
bucket.
Figure OI-60
W-2052-0500
Stop the machine on a flat level surface. Put the bucket on
the ground.
1
Figure OI-58
2
1
P19393
Retract the bucket cylinder and lower the boom and arm
until the bucket is on the ground, and the X-Change™
pins (Item 1) are disengaged from the hooks (Item 2)
[Figure OI-60].
Move the arm toward the machine until the X-Change™
pins are clear of the bucket.
P19382
Install the X-Change™ tool (Item 1) [Figure OI-58] in the
latch.
Pull the tool (Item 1) [Figure OI-58] to unlock the latch.
Remove the tool.
OI-29
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
ATTACHMENTS (CONT’D)
Figure OI-62
Using The X-Change™ System (Cont’d)
Installing Bucket Or Attachment
WARNING
Never use attachments or buckets which are not
approved by Bobcat Company. Buckets and
attachments for safe loads of specified densities are
approved for each model. Unapproved attachments
can cause injury or death.
2
1
P19395
W-2052-0500
Figure OI-61
Raise the boom until the pins (Item 1) engage the hooks
(Item 2) [Figure OI-62] on the bucket.
Figure OI-63
P19394
Fully retract the bucket cylinder to release the latch on the
X-Change™ [Figure OI-61].
Move the arm toward the bucket.
P19397
Lift the boom and extend the bucket cylinder until the
bucket is in the position shown [Figure OI-63].
OI-30
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
ATTACHMENTS (CONT’D)
Using The X-Change™ System (Cont’d)
Installing Bucket Or Attachment (Cont’d)
Figure OI-64
3
1
2
P19396
Lower the boom until the hooks (Item 1) of the bucket
disengage the pins (Item 2) of the X-Change™ and the
plate (Item 3) [Figure OI-64] engages in the bucket cross
member.
WARNING
Keep all bystanders 6 metres away from equipment
when operating. Contact with moving parts, a trench
cave-in or flying objects may cause injury or death.
W-2119-0788
After installation of the bucket, lift the boom approximately
one metre and fully extend and retract the bucket cylinder
to ensure the bucket is securely attached to the XChange™.
OI-31
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ATTACHMENTS (CONT’D)
To Connect:
Using The X-Change™ System (Cont’d)
Remove any dirt or debris from the surface of both the
male and female couplers, and from the outside diameter
of the male coupler. Visually check the couplers for
corroding, cracking, damage, or excessive wear. If any of
these conditions exist, the coupler(s) (Item 1)
[Figure OI-65] must be replaced.
Quick Couplers
WARNING
Figure OI-66
AVOID BURNS
Hydraulic fluid, tubes, fittings and quick couplers can
get hot when running machine and attachments. Be
careful when connecting and disconnecting quick
couplers.
W-2220-0396
Figure OI-65
1
P-44760
Install the male coupler into the female coupler
[Figure OI-66].
To Disconnect:
1
Hold the male coupler. Retract the sleeve on the female
coupler until the couplers disconnect [Figure OI-66].
P-42160
Excavators and attachments have flush faced couplers
(Item 1) [Figure OI-65].
OI-32
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Operation & Maintenance Manual
ATTACHMENTS (CONT’D)
Relieving Hydraulic Pressure
Using The X-Change™ System (Cont’d)
Stop the engine and turn the key to ON (Standard) or
press ENTER CODE Button (Deluxe).
Auxiliary Hydraulics
Press AUX HYD Button (Item 1) [Figure OI-67] and then
move the switch (Item 1) [Figure OI-68] to the right and
left several times.
Figure OI-67
Return To Tank Valve (If Equipped)
1
The return to tank valve is located under the right side
cover.
Figure OI-69
P16616
Press the Auxiliary Hydraulics button on the right console
(Item 1) [Figure OI-67].
1
Figure OI-68
P-49178
1
Remove the spool lock (Item 1) [Figure OI-69] and push
the spool in to direct auxiliary return hydraulic fluid to the
reservoir.
Pull the spool out and install the spool lock (Item 1)
[Figure OI-69] for two-way hydraulic auxiliary flow
operation.
2
P-49130
Move the switch (Item 1) [Figure OI-68] on the right
control lever to the right or left to direct fluid flow to an
attachment such as a breaker or hydraulic clamp.
Press the switch (Item 2) [Figure OI-68] on the front of
the handle to provide constant flow to the female coupler.
NOTE: Pressing the switch (Item 1) [Figure OI-68] to
the left at the same time as pressing the switch
on the front of the handle will provide constant
flow to the male coupler.
Press the switch (Item 2) [Figure OI-68] a second time to
stop auxiliary flow to the quick couplers.
OI-33
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATING PROCEDURE
Lowering The Work Equipment With Engine Stopped
Make sure the load is evenly weighted and centred on the
lifting chain, and is secured to prevent the load from
shifting [Figure OI-70].
If the engine stops, the work equipment (boom/bucket,
attachments) can be lowered to the ground using
hydraulic pressure stored in the accumulator.
Lift and position the load. When the load is in position and
tension is removed from the lifting chain (secondary lifting
system), remove the secondary lifting system.
The console must be in the locked down position, and the
key switch in the ON position.
Figure OI-71
Use the control lever to lower the boom.
Operating On Public Roads
When operating on a public road or highway, always follow
local regulations. For example: A slow moving vehicle
(SMV) sign or direction signals may be required.
Check with utility companies for underground electrical,
water, gas lines, etc. Work slowly in areas with
underground utilities.
Lifting A Load
N-15513
Do not exceed the rated lifting capacity. (See “LIFTing
CHART” on Page SPEC-12.)
WARNING
The optional lifting clamp attachment gives the Excavator
a wider range of use and mobility for debris removal
[Figure OI-71].
The lifting clamp cylinder is operated by the auxiliary
hydraulic system.
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Do not exceed rated lifting capacity. Excessive load
may cause tipping or loss of control.
W-2476-1003
The lifting clamp cylinder must be fully retracted when the
machine is being used for excavating.
Lifting capacity is reduced by 122 Kg if the Excavator is
equipped with the optional lifting clamp.
Extend the bucket cylinder completely and lower the
boom to the ground. Stop the engine.
Wrap the chain assembly around the bucket mounting
plate.
Figure OI-70
B-19942
OI-34
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATING PROCEDURE (CONT’D)
Figure OI-74
Excavating
Lower the blade to provide stability.
Figure OI-72
MS1854
Raise the boom, retract the arm and curl the bucket
[Figure OI-74].
Rotate the superstructure.
MS1855
Extend the arm, lower the boom, and open the bucket
[Figure OI-72].
NOTE: Do not allow the bucket teeth to contact the
ground when swinging the superstructure.
Figure OI-73
WARNING
Keep all bystanders 6 metres away from equipment
when operating. Contact with moving parts, a trench
cave-in or flying objects may cause injury or death.
W-2119-0788
MS1856
Retract the arm, while lowering boom and curling the
bucket [Figure OI-73].
OI-35
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATING PROCEDURE (CONT’D)
Figure OI-76
Excavating (Cont’d)
WRONG
Figure OI-75
MS1857
Do not dig under the Excavator [Figure OI-76].
B-19943
Extend the arm and uncurl the bucket to dump the
material into a pile or truck [Figure OI-75].
Do not use the bucket as a breaker or pile driver. It is
better to excavate hard or rocky ground after breaking it
with other equipment. This will reduce damage to the
Excavator.
Do not move the Excavator while the bucket is in the
ground.
IMPORTANT
Avoid operating hydraulics over relief pressure as
this will overheat hydraulic components.
W-2380-0700
Dig only by moving the boom and arm toward the
Excavator.
Do not back dig (digging by moving the boom and arm
away from the Excavator). Damage to the X-Change™
and attachments may occur.
OI-36
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Figure OI-79
OPERATING PROCEDURE (CONT’D)
Boom Swing
Figure OI-77
B-19996
B-19994
Slew the superstructure, swing the boom to the right
[Figure OI-77], centre [Figure OI-78] and left
[Figure OI-79] to dig a square hole the width of the
machine without repositioning the Excavator.
Figure OI-78
Figure OI-80
B-19995
B-19937
The boom swing allows the operator to offset the boom
and dig close to buildings and other structures
[Figure OI-80].
OI-37
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Figure OI-82
OPERATING PROCEDURE (CONT’D)
Backfilling
Figure OI-81
Plank
B-19963
If one or both tracks have become stuck in soft or wet
ground, raise one track at a time by turning the
upperstructure and pushing the bucket against the ground
[Figure OI-82].
B-19940
Use the blade to backfill the trench or hole after
excavating [Figure OI-81].
Put planks under the tracks and drive the Excavator to dry
ground.
Driving The Excavator
Figure OI-83
When operating on uneven ground, operate as slow as
possible and avoid sudden changes in direction.
Avoid traveling over objects such as rocks, trees,
stumps, etc.
When working on wet or soft ground, put planks on the
ground to provide a solid base to travel on and prevent the
Excavator from getting stuck.
B-19939
The bucket may also be used to pull the Excavator. Raise
the blade, extend the arm and lower the boom. Operate
the boom and arm in a digging manner [Figure OI-83].
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331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATING PROCEDURE (CONT’D)
Figure OI-85
Operating On Slopes
Travelling Up Slopes
When going down a slope, control the speed with the
steering levers and the speed control lever.
Figure OI-84
Travelling Down or Backing Up Slopes
12 in.
(304 mm)
Maximum
15° Maximum
MS1860
Figure OI-86
25° Maximum
Travelling On Side Slopes
MS-1861
When going down slopes that exceed 15 degrees, put the
machine in the position shown, and run the engine slowly
[Figure OI-84].
Operate as slowly as possible and avoid sudden changes
in lever direction.
15° Maximum
Avoid travelling over objects such as rocks, trees,
stumps, etc.
Stop the machine before moving the upper equipment
controls. Never allow the blade to strike a solid object.
Damage to the blade or hydraulic cylinder may result.
B-19936
When travelling up slopes or on side slopes that are
15 degrees or less, position the machine as shown and
run the engine slowly [Figure OI-85] & [Figure OI-86].
WARNING
•
•
WARNING
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Fasten seat belt, start and operate only from the
operator seat.
Never wear loose clothing when working near
machine.
•
W-2135-1188
•
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Do not travel across or up slopes which are over
15 degrees to the side or back of machine or
25 degrees to the front. Keep boom centred while
travelling.
Keep attachments as low as possible when
travelling on slopes or in rough conditions.
W-2199-0595
OI-39
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Figure OI-88
OPERATING PROCEDURE (CONT’D)
Operating On Slopes (Cont’d)
Forward
Figure OI-87
Neutral
Recommended Position For Working On A Slope
Reverse
1
P-49125
To brake the machine when going down a slope, move the
steering levers (Item 1) [Figure OI-88] to the NEUTRAL
position. This will engage the hydrostatic braking.
B-19935
When operating on a slope, level the work area before
beginning [Figure OI-87].
If this is not possible, the following procedures should be
used:
Do not work on slopes which are over 15 degrees.
When the engine stops on a slope, move the steering
levers to the neutral position. Lower the boom/bucket to
the ground.
NOTE: If the engine stops, the boom/bucket
(attachments) can be lowered to the ground
using hydraulic pressure stored in the
accumulator.
Use a slow work cycle.
The console must be in the locked down
position, and the key switch in the ON
position.
Avoid working with the tracks across the slope. this will
reduce stability and increase the tendency for the
machine to slide. Position the Excavator with the blade
downhill and lowered.
Avoid swinging or extending the bucket more than
necessary in a downhill direction. When you must swing
the bucket downhill, keep the arm low and skid the bucket
downhill.
Use the control lever to lower the boom.
Start the engine and resume operation.
When working with the bucket on the uphill side, keep the
bucket as close to the ground as possible. Dump the spoil
far enough away from the trench or hole to prevent the
possibility of a cave-in.
OI-40
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
OPERATING PROCEDURE (CONT’D)
Extending The Arm (331E Only)
Operating In Water
The arm can be extended to increase the reach of the
Excavator.
Mud and water should be removed from the machine
before parking. In freezing temperatures, park the
machine on boards or concrete to prevent the track or
undercarriage from freezing to the ground and preventing
machine movement.
Figure OI-90
1
Figure OI-89
2
Maximum
Water
Level
N-18669
Remove quick couplers from the storage position (Item 1)
[Figure OI-90] and connect to the auxiliary couplers.
MS1854
Move the lock pin (Item 2) [Figure OI-90] to the top holes
(storage position).
Do not operate or immerse the Excavator in water higher
than the bottom of the swing circle [Figure OI-89].
Figure OI-91
Grease the Excavator when it has been operated or
immersed in water for a period of time. Greasing forces
the water out of the lubrication areas.
Water must be removed from the cylinder rods. If water
freezes to the cylinder rod, the cylinder seals may be
damaged when the rod is retracted.
MS1882
Operate the auxiliary control on the right joystick to extend
and retract the arm [Figure OI-91]. (See “HYDRAULIC
CONTROLS” on Page OI-18.)
NOTE: When transporting the Excavator or when
using hydraulically operated attachments, the
arm must be locked in the retracted position.
Fully retract the arm and install the pin (Item 2)
[Figure OI-90] through the lower holes of the
bracket. (Be sure the pin goes through the
mounting brackets and the extendable arm
bracket.)
OI-41
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PARKING THE EXCAVATOR
Figure OI-93
Stop the machine on level ground. Lower the work
equipment and the blade to the ground.
Figure OI-92
STOP
ON
START
1
6808261
Figure OI-94
P-49179
Move the speed control lever fully backwards (Item 1)
[Figure OI-92].
Run the engine at idle speed for about 5 minutes to allow
it to cool.
1
P16616
Turn the key switch to STOP (Standard Panel)
[Figure OI-93] or press the STOP Button (Deluxe Panel)
(Item 1) [Figure OI-94].
Disconnect the seat belt. Remove the key from the switch
to prevent operation of machine by unauthorised
personnel. Raise the control console and exit the
machine.
OI-42
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Figure OI-96
TRANSPORTING THE EXCAVATOR
When transporting the machine, observe the rules, motor
vehicle laws, and vehicle limit ordinances. Use a transport
and towing vehicle of adequate length and capacity.
1
Secure the parking brakes and block the wheels of the
transport vehicle.
Align the ramps with the centre of the transport vehicle.
Secure the ramps to the truck bed and be sure ramp
angle does not exceed 15 degrees.
Use metal loading ramps with a slip-resistant surface.
1
Use ramps that are the correct length and width and can
support the weight of the machine.
The rear of the trailer must be blocked or supported when
loading or unloading the Excavator to prevent the front of
the transport vehicle from raising.
P-49274
Figure OI-97
Determine the direction of the track movement before
moving the machine (blade forward).
Figure OI-95
1
P-49101
Fasten chains to the front corners of the blade (Item 1)
[Figure OI-96] and to the tie-down loop at the rear of the
track frame (Item 1) [Figure OI-97] to prevent it from
moving when going up or down slopes or during sudden
stops.
P-49273
Use chain binders to tighten the chains and then safely tie
the chain binder levers to prevent loosening.
Engage the slew lock.
Move the machine forward onto the transport vehicle
[Figure OI-95].
Do not change direction of the machine while it is on the
ramps.
Lower the boom, arm, bucket, and blade to the transport
vehicle.
WARNING
Adequately designed ramps of sufficient strength are
needed to support the weight of the machine when
loading onto a transport vehicle. Wooden ramps can
break and cause personal injury.
W-2058-0494
Stop the engine and remove the key (if equipped).
Put blocks at the front and rear of the tracks.
OI-43
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
LIFTING THE EXCAVATOR
Figure OI-100
Figure OI-98
2
2
1
P-49276
P-49275
Fully extend the cylinders of the bucket, arm, and boom
so that the Excavator is in the position as shown
[Figure OI-98].
Raise the blade all the way.
Fasten chains to the ends of the blade (Item 1)
[Figure OI-98] and [Figure OI-99] and up to a lifting
fixture above the canopy/cab. The lifting fixture must
extend over the sides of the canopy/cab to prevent the
chains from hitting the ROPS/TOPS.
Install a 25 mm bolt and nut (Grade 5 or 8) through the
holes at the boom (Item 2) [Figure OI-98] and
[Figure OI-100]. Fasten a chain from the bolt to the lift
fixture.
Put all the control levers in neutral.
WARNING
•
•
•
•
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Use a lifting fixture with sufficient capacity for the
weight of the Excavator plus any added
attachments.
Maintain centre of gravity and balance when
lifting.
Do not swing boom or superstructure. Engage the
swing locking lever.
Never lift with operator on machine.
W-2202-0595
Figure OI-99
1
1
P-49277
OI-44
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
AIR CLEANER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-8
Daily Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-8
Replacing The Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-9
COOLING SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-17
Checking Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-18
Cleaning The Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-17
Replacing The Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-19
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-20
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-20
Fuse And Relay Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-20
Removing And Installing The Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-22
Using A Booster Battery (Jump-Starting) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-21
PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE
ENGINE ACCESSORY DRIVE BELT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-30
Belt Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-30
Belt Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-30
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-15
Checking Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-15
Replacing Oil And Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-16
FUEL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-12
Draining The Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-13
Filling The Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-12
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-14
Fuel Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-12
Removing Air From The Fuel System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-14
Removing Water From The Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-13
HEATER AIR FILTER (WITH CAB OPTION ONLY). . . . . . . . . . PM-11
Removal And Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-11
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-23
Checking And Adding Hydraulic Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-23
Diagnostic Couplers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-26
Replacing The Case Drain Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-25
Replacing The Hydraulic Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-25
Replacing The Hydraulic Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-24
PM-1
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE (CONT’D)
LUBRICATION OF THE HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR . . . . . . . PM-33
MAINTENANCE SAFETY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-3
SEAT BELT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-10
Inspection And Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-10
RIGHT SIDE COVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-7
Opening And Closing The Right Side Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-7
SERVICE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-5
SPARK ARRESTER SILENCER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-27
TAILGATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting The Latch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting The Bumper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Opening And Closing The Tailgate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PM-6
PM-6
PM-6
PM-6
TRACK TENSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-28
Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-29
TRAVEL MOTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-31
Checking Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-31
Draining The Travel Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-31
X-CHANGE ™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-32
Inspection And Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PM-32
PM-2
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
WARNING
Instructions are necessary before operating or servicing machine. Read and understand the
Operation & Maintenance Manual, Operator’s Handbook and signs (transfers) on machine.
Follow warnings and instructions in the manuals when making repairs, adjustments or
servicing. Check for correct function after adjustments, repairs or service. Untrained operators
and failure to follow instructions can cause injury or death.
W-2003-0903
Safety Alert Symbol: This symbol with a warning statement, means: “Warning, be alert! Your safety is
involved!” Carefully read the message that follows.
CORRECT
CORRECT
CORRECT
CORRECT
B-10731A
Never service the Bobcat Compact
Excavator without instructions.
Use the correct procedure to lift
and support the Excavator.
WRONG
WRONG
B-19965
B-19960
Have good ventilation when
welding or grinding painted parts.
Wear dust mask when grinding
painted parts. Toxic dust and gas
can be produced.
Vent exhaust to outside when
engine must be run for service.
Exhaust system must be tightly
sealed. Exhaust fumes may kill
without warning.
WRONG
WRONG
B-19962
B-19958
Stop, cool and clean engine of
flammable
materials
before
checking fluids.
Never service or adjust machine
with the engine running unless
instructed to do so in the
manual.
Avoid contact with leaking
hydraulic fluid or diesel fuel
under pressure. It can penetrate
the skin or eyes.
Never fill fuel tank with engine
running, while smoking, or when
near open flame.
B-19959
B-19964
Keep body, jewellery and clothing
away from moving parts, electrical
contact, hot parts and exhaust.
Wear eye protection to guard from
battery acid, compressed springs,
fluids under pressure and flying
debris when engines are running
or tools are used. Use eye
protectors approved for type of
welding.
Keep rear door closed except for
service. Close and latch door
before operating the Excavator.
Cleaning and maintenance are
required daily.
WRONG
B-19966
Always lower the bucket and
blade to the ground before doing
any maintenance.
Never modify equipment or add
attachments not approved by
Bobcat Company.
WRONG
B-19798
Lead-acid batteries produce
flammable and explosive gases.
Keep arcs, sparks, flames and
lighted tobacco away from
batteries.
Batteries contain acid which
burns eyes or skin on contact.
Wear protective clothing. If acid
contacts body, flush well with
water. For eye contact flush well
and get immediate medical
attention.
MSW28-1003
Maintenance procedures given in the Operation & Maintenance manual may be performed by the owner/operator without any
specific technical training. Maintenance procedures which are not in the Operation & Maintenance manual must be performed
ONLY BY QUALIFIED BOBCAT SERVICE PERSONNEL. Always use genuine Bobcat replacement parts. The Service Safety
Training course is available from your Bobcat dealer.
PM-3
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PM-4
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SERVICE SCHEDULE
WARNING
Chart
Maintenance work must be done at regular intervals.
Failure to do so will result in excessive wear and early
failures. The service schedule is a guide for correct
maintenance of the Bobcat Excavator.
Instructions are necessary before operating or
servicing machine. Read and understand the
Operation & Maintenance Manual, Operator’s
Handbook and signs (transfers) on machine. Follow
warnings and instructions in the manuals when
making repairs, adjustments or servicing. Check for
correct function after adjustments, repairs or
service. Untrained operators and failure to follow
instructions can cause injury or death.
W-2003-0903
SERVICE SCHEDULE
HOURS
ITEM
SERVICE REQUIRED
Engine Coolant
Engine Oil
Hydraulic Fluid, Hoses and
Tubelines, Reservoir Breather Cap
Engine Air Filter and Air System
Check coolant level. Add premixed coolant as needed.
Check the engine oil level and add as needed.
Check the hydraulic fluid level and add as needed. Check for damage and
leaks. Repair or replace as needed.
Check condition indicator and empty dust cup as needed. Check air system
for leaks.
Check and adjust track tension as needed.
Check for correct operation of all indicators and lights.
Check condition. Check mounting hardware.
Check condition. Check mounting hardware.
Check for damaged signs (transfers) and safety treads. Replace any signs or
safety treads which are damaged or worn.
Grease all machinery pivot points.
Clean the filter as needed.
Check console lock-out for proper operation.
Lubricate and inspect for damage or loose parts.
Grease two fittings
Drain water and sediment from fuel tank and fuel filter.
Check battery, cables, connections and electrolyte level. Add distilled water
as needed.
Check condition of belt and adjust as needed.
Clean the spark chamber.
Replace fuel filter.
Clean debris from the radiator fins.
Replace oil and filter use CD or better grade oil and Bobcat filter.
Replace the primary hydraulic filter.
Replace the case drain filter.
Check the alternator and starter connections.
Check and adjust the engine valve clearance.
Drain and flush the cooling system. Replace the coolant.
Replace the hydraulic fluid and filters. Clean the reservoir.
Replace the lubricant in both travel motors.
Tracks
Indicators and Lights
Operator Canopy/Cab
Seat Belt
Safety Signs and Safety Treads
Pivot Points
Cab Heater Air Filter
Console Lock-out
X-Change ™
Swing Circle and Pinion
Fuel Tank & Filter
Battery
Accessory Drive Belt
Spark Arrester Silencer
Fuel Filter
Radiator, Oil Cooler, *A/C
Engine Oil and Filter
Primary Hydraulic Filter
Case Drain Filter
Alternator & Starter
Engine Valves
Engine Cooling System
Hydraulic System
Travel Motor
*
●
^
■
8-10
50
100
250
500
■
1000
●
●
^
^
If Fitted
Also at first 50 Hours
Also at first 100 Hours
Or every 6 months.
PM-5
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
TAILGATE
Adjusting The Bumper
Opening And Closing The Tailgate
Figure PM-2
WARNING
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Never service or adjust the machine when the engine
is running unless instructed to do so in the manual.
W-2012-0497
1
WARNING
P-49243
Keep the rear door closed when operating the
machine. Failure to do so could seriously injure a
bystander.
W-2020-1285
The door bumper (Item 1) [Figure PM-2] may be adjusted
to align with the tailgate.
Close the tailgate before operating the Excavator.
Figure PM-1
Adjusting The Latch
Figure PM-3
1
1
P-49241
Pull the latch (Item 1) [Figure PM-1] and pull the tailgate
open.
Push firmly to close the tailgate.
P-49242
The door catch (Item 1) [Figure PM-3] may be adjusted
for alignment.
NOTE: The tailgate may be locked using the start key.
Close the tailgate before operating the Excavator.
PM-6
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
RIGHT SIDE COVER
Opening And Closing The Right Side Cover
Figure PM-4
1
P-49244
Pull the latch (Item 1) [Figure PM-4] and raise the right
side cover.
NOTE: The right side cover can be locked using the
start key.
PM-7
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
AIR CLEANER
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for the correct service
interval.
Daily Check
Figure PM-5
2
3
1
2
P-49245
Check the condition indicator (Item 1) [Figure PM-5]. If
the red ring shows in the condition indicator, the filter
needs to be replaced.
Replace the inner filter every third time the outer filter is
replaced or as indicated.
PM-8
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
AIR CLEANER (CONT’D)
Inner Filter
Replacing The Filters
Only replace the inner filter under the following conditions:
Outer Filter
•
Replace the inner filter every third time the outer filter
is replaced.
•
After the outer filter has been replaced, press the
button (Item 3) [Figure PM-7] on the top of the
condition indicator and start the engine. Run at full
RPM, then reduce engine speed and stop the engine.
If the red ring shows in the condition indicator, replace
the inner filter.
Release the two fasteners (Item 2) [Figure PM-5].
Remove and clean the dust cup (Item 3) [Figure PM-5].
Figure PM-6
Figure PM-8
1
1
P-49246
Pull the outer filter (Item 1) [Figure PM-6] from the air
cleaner housing.
P-49247
Check the housing for damage.
Clean the housing and the seal surface. DO NOT use
compressed air.
Remove the dust cup, outer filter and inner filter (Item 1)
[Figure PM-8].
Install a new filter.
NOTE: Make sure all sealing surfaces are free of dirt
and debris.
Figure PM-7
Install the new inner filter.
Install the outer filter and the dust cup.
3
2
Press the button on the condition indicator to remove the
red ring.
1
2
P-49245
Install the dust cup (Item 1) and engage the fasteners
(Item 2) [Figure PM-7].
Check the air intake hose and the air cleaner housing for
damage. Make sure all connections are tight.
PM-9
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SEAT BELT
Figure PM-9
Inspection And Maintenance
WARNING
Failure to properly inspect and maintain the seat belt
may cause lack of operator restraint resulting in
serious injury or death.
W-2466-0703
Check the seat belt daily for correct function.
Inspect the seat belt system thoroughly yearly or more
often if the machine is exposed to severe environmental
conditions or applications.
The seat belt system should be repaired or replaced if it
shows cuts, fraying, extreme or unusual wear, significant
discoloration due to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun,
dusty/dirty conditions, abrasion to the seat belt webbing,
or damage to the buckle, latch plate, retractor (if fitted), or
fixings.
B-22283
The items below are referenced in [Figure PM-9].
1. Check the seat belt webbing. If the system is fitted with
a retractor, pull the webbing completely out and
inspect the full length of the webbing. Look for cuts,
wear, fraying, dirt and stiffness.
2. Check the buckle and latch for proper function. Make
sure latch plate is not excessively worn, deformed or
buckle is not damaged.
3. Check the retractor web storage device (if fitted) by
extending the seat belt webbing to determine if it
extends and retracts the webbing correctly.
4. Check webbing in areas exposed to ultraviolet (UV)
rays from the sun or extreme dust or dirt. If the original
colour of the webbing in these areas is extremely
faded and / or the webbing is packed with dirt, the
webbing strength may have weakened.
See your Bobcat dealer for approved seat belt system
replacement parts for your machine.
PM-10
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Figure PM-12
HEATER AIR FILTER (WITH CAB OPTION ONLY)
Removal And Installation
The heater filter must be cleaned regularly. The filter is
located at the left of the operator seat.
Figure PM-10
1
1
P-42168
2
Installation: Install the filter with the arrows that indicate
air flow direction (Item 1) [Figure PM-12] pointing towards
the heater/AC housing.
P-42166
Remove the screw (Item 1) and cover (Item 2)
[Figure PM-10].
Figure PM-11
1
P-42167
Pull the filter (Item 1) [Figure PM-11] away and out of the
heater/AC housing.
Use low air pressure to clean the filter. Replace the filter
when very dirty.
PM-11
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
FUEL SYSTEM
Filling The Fuel Tank
Fuel Specifications
Figure PM-13
Use only clean, high quality diesel fuel, Grade No. 2 or
Grade No. 1.
The following is a suggested blending guideline which
should prevent fuel gelling problems during freezing
temperature
Temp. F° (C°)
Above +15° (-9°)
Down to -20° (-29°)
Below -20° (-29°)
No. 2
100%
50%
0%
1
No. 1
0%
50%
100%
See your fuel supplier for local recommendations.
P-49248
Open the right side cover and remove the fuel fill cap
(Item 1) [Figure PM-13].
Use a clean, approved safety container to add fuel. Add
fuel only in an area that has a free movement of air and no
flames or sparks. NO SMOKING!
Install and tighten the fuel fill cap.
Clean up any spilled fuel.
WARNING
Always clean up spilled fuel or oil. Keep heat, flames,
sparks or lighted tobacco away from fuel and oil.
Failure to take care around combustibles may cause
explosion or fire which can result in injury or death.
W-2103-1285
PM-12
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
FUEL SYSTEM (CONT’D)
Draining The Fuel Tank
Removing Water From The Fuel Filter
Open the tailgate.
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for the correct service
interval.
Figure PM-14
Figure PM-15
1
1
P-49259
P-49251
Loosen the drain (Item 1) [Figure PM-14] at the bottom of
the filter to drain water from the filter.
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for the service interval
when to remove the water from the fuel filter.
Remove the hose (Item 1) [Figure PM-15] from the fuel
injection pump. Route the hose to the bottom of the
engine compartment and out through the tailgate.
Drain the fuel into a container.
Reuse, recycle or dispose of fuel in an environmentally
safe manner.
WARNING
Diesel fuel or hydraulic fluid under pressure can
penetrate skin or eyes, causing serious injury or
death. Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks. Do
not use your bare hand. Wear safety goggles. If fluid
enters skin or eyes, get immediate medical attention
from a doctor familiar with this injury.
W-2072-0496
PM-13
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
FUEL SYSTEM (CONT’D)
Removing Air From The Fuel System
Fuel Filter
After replacing the fuel filter or when the fuel tank has run
out of fuel, air must be removed from the fuel system
before starting the engine.
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for the service interval
when to replace the fuel filter.
Figure PM-17
Figure PM-16
3
1
1
2
P-49251
P-49249
Remove the filter (Item 1) [Figure PM-16].
Open the fuel filter vent (Item 1) and operate the hand
pump (priming bulb) (Item 2) [Figure PM-17] until the fuel
flows from the vent with no air bubbles.
Clean the area around the filter housing.
Close the vent (Item 1) [Figure PM-17].
Put oil on the seal of the new filter.
Start the engine. It may be necessary to open the vent
(Item 3) [Figure PM-17] (at the fuel injection pump) briefly
until the engine runs smoothly.
Install the fuel filter, and hand tighten.
WARNING
Diesel fuel or hydraulic fluid under pressure can
penetrate skin or eyes, causing serious injury or
death. Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks. Do
not use your bare hand. Wear safety goggles. If fluid
enters skin or eyes, get immediate medical attention
from a doctor familiar with this injury.
W-2072-0496
PM-14
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Oil Chart
Checking Engine Oil
Figure PM-19
Check the engine oil after every 8-10 hours of operation
and before starting the engine.
Figure PM-18
1
P-49252
Open the tailgate and remove the dipstick (Item 1)
[Figure PM-18].
Keep the oil level between the marks on the dipstick.
Use a good quality motor oil that meets the correct API
Service Classification. See oil chart [Figure PM-19].
Use a good quality motor oil that meets the correct API
Service Classification.
PM-15
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Figure PM-22
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM (CONT’D)
Replacing Oil And Filter
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for the service interval for
replacing the engine oil and filter.
Run the engine until it is at operating temperature. Stop
the engine.
Figure PM-20
1
P-49255
1
Remove the oil filter (Item 1) [Figure PM-22] and clean
the filter housing surface.
Use a genuine Bobcat replacement filter. Put clean oil on
the filter gasket. Install the filter and hand tighten.
Install and tighten the oil cap.
Figure PM-23
P-49253
Remove the drain hose (Item 1) [Figure PM-20] from the
storage position.
1
Figure PM-21
P-49256
Remove the fill cap (Item 1) [Figure PM-23].
1
Put oil in the engine. (See “Electrical” on Page SPEC-15.)
P-49254
Install the fill cap.
Remove the cap (Item 1) [Figure PM-21]. Drain the oil
into a container.
Recycle or dispose of used oil in an environmentally safe
manner.
Start the engine and let it run for several minutes.
Stop the engine. Check for leaks at the oil filter. Check the
oil level.
Add oil as needed if it is not at the top mark on the
dipstick.
PM-16
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
COOLING SYSTEM
Check the cooling system every day to prevent overheating, loss of performance or engine damage.
Cleaning The Cooling System
NOTE: Allow the cooling system and engine to cool
before servicing or cleaning the cooling
system.
Open the right side cover.
Figure PM-24
1
P-49257
Use air pressure or water pressure to clean the radiator
and oil cooler (Item 1) [Figure PM-24]. Be careful not to
damage fins when cleaning.
PM-17
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
COOLING SYSTEM (CONT’D)
IMPORTANT
Checking Coolant Level
AVOID ENGINE DAMAGE
Always use the correct ratio of water to antifreeze.
WARNING
Do not remove radiator cap when the engine is hot.
You may be seriously burned.
W-2070-1285
Too much antifreeze reduces cooling system
efficiency and may cause serious premature engine
damage.
Too little antifreeze reduces the additives which
protect the internal engine components; reduces the
boiling point and freeze protection of the system.
Open the tailgate.
Figure PM-25
Always add a premixed solution. Adding full strength
concentrated coolant can cause serious premature
engine damage.
I-2124-0497
1
WARNING
Wear safety glasses to prevent eye injury when any of
the following conditions exist:
When fluids are under pressure.
Flying debris or loose material is present.
Engine is running.
Tools are being used.
P-49258
W-2019-1285
Check the coolant level in the coolant recovery tank
(Item 1) [Figure PM-25].
The coolant level must be between the MIN and MAX
marks on the coolant recovery tank when the engine is
cold.
NOTE: The cooling system is factory filled with
propylene glycol (purple colour). DO NOT mix
propylene glycol with ethylene glycol.
PM-18
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
COOLING SYSTEM (CONT’D)
Figure PM-28
Replacing The Coolant
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for correct service intervals.
1
WARNING
Do not remove radiator cap when the engine is hot.
You may be seriously burned.
W-2070-1285
P-49270
Figure PM-26
Put a hose on the drain valve on the engine block. Open
the drain valve (Item 1) [Figure PM-28] and drain the
coolant into a container.
1
After all the coolant is removed, close both drain valves.
Recycle or dispose of the
environmentally safe manner.
used
coolant
in
an
Mix the coolant in a separate container. (See “Electrical”
on Page SPEC-15.)
NOTE: The cooling system is factory filled with
propylene glycol (purple colour). DO NOT mix
propylene glycol with ethylene glycol.
P-49260
When the engine is cool, loosen and remove the radiator
cap (Item 1) [Figure PM-26].
Add premixed coolant; 47% water and 53% propylene
glycol to the recovery tank if the coolant level is low.
Figure PM-27
4.25 L of propylene glycol mixed with 3.8 L of water is the
correct mixture of coolant to provide a -34°F (-37°C)
freeze protection.
Use a refractometer to check the condition of propylene
glycol in your cooling system.
Add premixed coolant until the level is correct.
Run the engine until it is at operating temperature. Stop
the engine. Check the coolant level and add as needed.
Be sure the radiator cap is tight.
1
Add coolant to the recovery tank as needed.
P-49259
Close the tailgate.
Put a hose on the drain valve at the bottom of the radiator.
Open the drain valve (Item 1) [Figure PM-27] and drain
the coolant into a container.
PM-19
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Fuse And Relay Location
Description
A notice is inside the cover to show location and amp
ratings.
Figure PM-29
Remove the cover to check or replace the fuses and
relays.
1
Figure PM-30
P-49261
The Excavator has a 12 volt, negative earth electrical
system. The electrical system is protected by fuses
located under the right side cover of the Excavator
(Item 1) [Figure PM-29]. The fuses will protect the
electrical system when there is an electrical overload. The
reason for the overload must be found before starting the
engine again.
B-19812
The location and
[Figure PM-30].
The battery cables must be clean and tight. Check the
electrolyte level in the battery. Add distilled water as
needed. Remove acid or corrosion from the battery and
cables with a sodium bicarbonate and water solution.
Put Battery Saver P/N 6664458 or grease on the battery
terminals and cable ends to prevent corrosion.
WARNING
Batteries contain acid which burns eyes and skin on
contact. Wear goggles, protective clothing and rubber
gloves to keep acid off body.
sizes
are
shown
below
and
REF
DESCRIPTION
AMP
REF
DESCRIPTION
AMP
1
Not Used
--
11
Lights
20
2
Heater
25
12
ACC Plug
15
3
Ignition
5
4
Fuel Solenoid
25
5
Wiper
5
6
Switch Power
20
7
Alternator/
Heater
25
8
ACD
25
9
Controller
25
10
ACD
25
Always replace fuses using the same type and capacity.
In case of acid contact, wash immediately with water.
In case of eye contact get prompt medical attention
and wash eye with clean, cool water for at least
15 minutes.
REF
DESCRIPTION
E
Switch Power
F
Fuel Solenoid
G
Lights
H
Glow Plug
J
Starter
If electrolyte is taken internally drink large quantities
of water or milk! DO NOT induce vomiting. Get prompt
medical attention.
W-2065-1296
PM-20
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (CONT’D)
WARNING
Using A Booster Battery (Jump-Starting)
Batteries contain acid which burns eyes and skin on
contact. Wear goggles, protective clothing and rubber
gloves to keep acid off body.
IMPORTANT
When jump-starting the Excavator from a battery
installed in a second machine, make sure the second
machine is NOT running while using the glow plugs.
High voltage spikes from a running machine may burn
out the glow plugs.
In case of acid contact, wash immediately with water.
In case of eye contact get prompt medical attention
and wash eye with clean, cool water for at least
15 minutes.
I-2060-0195
If electrolyte is taken internally drink large quantities
of water or milk! DO NOT induce vomiting. Get prompt
medical attention.
If it is necessary to use a booster battery to start the
engine, BE CAREFUL! There must be one person in the
operator’s seat and one person to connect and disconnect
the battery cables.
W-2065-1296
WARNING
Be sure the key switch is OFF. The booster battery must
be 12 volt.
Keep arcs, sparks flames and lighted tobacco away
from batteries. When jumping from booster battery
make final connection (negative) at engine frame.
Open the tailgate.
Figure PM-31
Do not jump-start or charge a frozen or damaged
battery. Warm battery to 60°F (16°C) before
connecting to a charger. Unplug charger before
connecting or disconnecting cables to battery. Never
lean over battery while boosting, testing or charging.
1
Battery gas can explode and cause serious injury.
W-2066-1296
IMPORTANT
2
P-49262
Connect one end of the first cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the booster battery. Connect the other end of
the same cable to the positive (+) terminal (Item 1)
[Figure PM-31] of the Excavator starter.
Connect one end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the booster battery. Connect the other end of
the same cable to the negative Excavator cable (Item 2)
[Figure PM-31] where it is fastened to the frame.
Damage to the alternator may occur if:
• Engine is operated with battery cables
disconnected.
• Battery cables are connected when using a fast
charger or when welding on the Excavator.
(Remove both cables from the battery.)
• Extra battery cables (booster cables) are
connected incorrectly.
I-2222-0903
NOTE: (See “Cold Temperature Starting Procedure”
on Page OI-26.)
Start the engine. After the engine has started, remove the
earth (-) cable first (Item 2) [Figure PM-31].
Disconnect the cable from the Excavator starter (Item 1)
[Figure PM-31].
PM-21
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (CONT’D)
WARNING
Removing And Installing The Battery
Open the right side cover.
Batteries contain acid which burns eyes and skin on
contact. Wear goggles, protective clothing and rubber
gloves to keep acid off body.
Figure PM-32
3
In case of acid contact, wash immediately with water.
In case of eye contact get prompt medical attention
and wash eye with clean, cool water for at least
15 minutes.
3
2
1
If electrolyte is taken internally drink large quantities
of water or milk! DO NOT induce vomiting. Get prompt
medical attention.
W-2065-1296
P-21152
Disconnect the negative (-) cable (Item 1) [Figure PM-32]
first.
Disconnect the positive (+) cable (Item 2) [Figure PM-32].
Remove the bolts (Item 3) [Figure PM-32] and remove
the hold-down clamp.
Remove the battery.
Always clean the terminals and the cable ends, even
when installing a new battery.
Install the battery. Install the hold-down clamp and tighten
the bolts.
Connect the battery cables. Connect the negative (-)
cable (Item 1) [Figure PM-32] last to prevent sparks.
PM-22
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Figure PM-34
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
Checking And Adding Hydraulic Oil
Put the machine on a flat level surface.
Retract the arm and bucket cylinders, put the bucket on
the ground and lower the blade. Stop the engine.
Open the tailgate.
1
Figure PM-33
P-49264
2
Check the condition of the fill strainer screen (Item 1)
[Figure PM-34]. Clean or replace as necessary.
Be sure the screen is installed before adding fluid.
1
Add the correct fluid to the reservoir until it is visible in the
sight gauge. (See “Electrical” on Page SPEC-15.)
Check the cap and clean as necessary. Replace the cap if
damaged.
P-49263
Check the hydraulic fluid level: it must be visible in the
sight gauge (Item 1) [Figure PM-33].
Install the cap.
Close the tailgate.
Clean the surface around the reservoir (breather) cap and
remove the cap from the reservoir (Item 2)
[Figure PM-33].
PM-23
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (CONT’D)
Figure PM-36
Replacing The Hydraulic Oil
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for the correct service
interval.
1
WARNING
Diesel fuel or hydraulic fluid under pressure can
penetrate skin or eyes, causing serious injury or
death. Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks. Do
not use your bare hand. Wear safety goggles. If fluid
enters skin or eyes, get immediate medical attention
from a doctor familiar with this injury.
W-2072-0496
Retract the arm and bucket cylinders, lower the bucket to
the ground. Stop the engine.
P-22626
Open the bleed valve (Item 1) [Figure PM-36] on the
hydraulic pump. Close the valve after a steady stream of
hydraulic fluid free of any air bubbles drains from the
valve. Tighten the bleed valve. DO NOT RUN THE
MACHINE WITH THE BLEED VALVE OPEN.
Start the engine and operate the machine through the
hydraulic functions. Stop the engine. Check the fluid level
and add as needed.
Open the tailgate.
Figure PM-35
1
P-49265
Remove the drain plug (Item 1) [Figure PM-35].
Drain the fluid into a container.
Recycle or dispose of the fluid in an environmentally safe
manner.
Install the drain plug (Item 1) [Figure PM-35].
Add fluid to the reservoir. (See “Electrical” on Page
SPEC-15.)
PM-24
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (CONT’D)
Replacing The Case Drain Filter
Replacing The Hydraulic Filter
Open the right side cover.
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for the correct service
interval.
Remove the filter (Item 2) [Figure PM-37].
Open the right side cover.
Clean the housing where the filter gasket makes contact.
Put clean hydraulic fluid on the gasket. Install the new
filter and hand tighten only.
Figure PM-37
2
1
P-49266
Remove the hydraulic filter (Item 1) [Figure PM-37].
Clean the housing where the filter gasket makes contact.
Put clean hydraulic fluid on the gasket. Install the new
filter and hand tighten only.
WARNING
Always clean up spilled fuel or oil. Keep heat, flames,
sparks or lighted tobacco away from fuel and oil.
Failure to take care around combustibles can cause
explosion or fire which may result in injury or death.
W-2103-1285
PM-25
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (CONT’D)
Diagnostic Couplers
Open the right side cover.
Figure PM-38
1
1
1
P-49267
Diagnostic couplers (Item 1) [Figure PM-38] are located
on the hydraulic circuitry.
The couplers may be used to check circuit pressures.
PM-26
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPARK ARRESTER SILENCER
Remove the plug (Item 1) [Figure PM-39] from the bottom
of the silencer.
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for the correct service
interval.
Do not operate the Excavator with a defective exhaust
system.
Start the engine and run for about 10 seconds while a
second person, wearing safety glasses, holds a piece of
wood over the outlet of the silencer. The carbon deposits
will be forced out of the silencer plug hole (Item 1)
[Figure PM-39].
Stop the engine. Install and tighten the plug.
IMPORTANT
Close the tailgate.
This Excavator is factory equipped with a US
Department of Agriculture Forestry Service approved
spark arrester silencer. It is necessary to do
maintenance on this spark arrester silencer to keep it
in working condition. The spark arrester silencer
must be serviced by dumping the spark chamber
every 100 hours of operation.
If this machine is operated on flammable forest, brush
or grass covered land, it must be equipped with a
spark arrester attached to the exhaust system and
maintained in working order.
Refer to local laws and regulations for spark arrester
requirements.
I-2061-0195
WARNING
When the engine is running during service, the
steering levers must be in neutral.
Failure to do so can cause injury or death.
W-2203-0595
Stop the engine. Open the tailgate.
Figure PM-39
1
P-49268
PM-27
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
TRACK TENSION
Rubber Track Clearance
NOTE: The wear of the pins and bushings on the
undercarriage will vary with the working
conditions and the different types of soil. It is
necessary to inspect track tension and
maintain the correct tension. (See ’SERVICE
SCHEDULE’ on Page PM-5) for the correct
service interval.
Figure PM-41
Figure PM-40
0.490-0.690”
(12.4-17.5mm)
P-49187
1
Figure PM-42
Track Frame
1
P-49234
0.38-0.58”
(9.7-14.7 mm)
Raise one side of the machine (Approximately 100 mm)
using the boom and arm [Figure PM-40].
Track
Roller
Raise the blade fully and install jacks under the blade and
track frame (Item 1) [Figure PM-40]. Lower the boom until
all machine weight is on the jacks.
Track
Stop the engine.
B-14067
WARNING
AVOID INJURY OR DEATH
Keep fingers and hands out of pinch points when
checking the track tension.
W-2142-0189
Measure the clearance at the middle track roller. Do not
get fingers into pinch points between the track and the
track roller. Use a bolt or a dowel of the appropriate size to
check the gap between the contact edge of the roller and
the top edge of the track guide [Figure PM-41] & [Figure
PM-42].
Rubber Track Clearance - 9.7-14.7 mm.
PM-28
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
TRACK TENSION (CONT’D)
Figure PM-45
1
Steel Track Clearance
2
Figure PM-43
Track Frame
0.680-1.180”
(17.3-30 mm)
Track
P-42471
Add grease to the fitting (Item 1) [Figure PM-45] until the
track tension is correct.
B-15022
Figure PM-46
Measure the track clearance at the middle track roller. Do
not get fingers into pinch points between the track and the
track roller. Us a bolt or dowel of the appropriate size to
check the gap between the contact edge of the roller and
the top edge of the track guide [Figure PM-43].
Steel Track Clearance - 17.3-30 mm.
Adjustment
1
Figure PM-44
1
N-18490
1
Use tool MEL1560 (Item 1) [Figure PM-46] to loosen the
bleed fitting (Item 2) [Figure PM-45] to release tension
from the track.
NOTE: Do not loosen the grease fitting (Item 1)
[Figure PM-45].
Repeat the procedure for the other side.
P-49116
Loosen the two bolts from the cover
[Figure PM-44]. Pivot the cover downward.
(Item
1)
6804114
PM-29
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
ENGINE ACCESSORY DRIVE BELT
Belt Adjustment
Belt Tension
Figure PM-48
Open the tailgate.
Figure PM-47
2
1
3
P-49236
Loosen the nut (Item 1) on the belt idler pulley. Loosen the
nut (Item 2) and tighten the bolt (Item 3) [Figure PM-48]
until the belt tension is correct.
P-49269
Using a belt tension gauge, measure the belt tension
midway between the crankshaft pulley and alternator
pulley [Figure PM-47].
Tighten the nut (Item 1) to 40-50 Nm torque. Tighten the
nut (Item 2) [Figure PM-48] to 20-25 Nm torque.
Belt tension is as follows:
New belt 145-155 Nm
Used belt 125-134 Nm
PM-30
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
TRAVEL MOTOR
Draining The Travel Motor
Checking Oil Level
See the SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE
SCHEDULE” on Page PM-5.) for the correct service
interval.
Figure PM-49
Park the Excavator on a level surface with plugs (Item 1 &
2) [Figure PM-49] in the position shown. Remove both
plugs and drain the lubricant into a container.
1
WARNING
2
Always clean up spilled fuel or oil. Keep heat, flames,
sparks or lighted tobacco away from fuel and oil.
Failure to take care around combustibles can cause
explosion or fire which may result in injury or death.
W-2103-1285
P-49185
Park the Excavator on a level surface with the plugs (Item
1 & 2) [Figure PM-49] in the position as shown.
Remove the plug (Item 1) [Figure PM-49]. The oil level
must be at the bottom edge of the hole.
Install the bottom plug (Item 2 [Figure PM-49]). Add
lubricant through the top plug hole until the lubricant level
is at the bottom edge of the hole. (See “Electrical” on
Page SPEC-15.)
Install the plug (Item 1) [Figure PM-49].
Add lubricant through the hole if the level is low. (See
“Electrical” on Page SPEC-15.)
PM-31
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
X-CHANGE ™
Inspection And Maintenance
Figure PM-50
2
1
P-49712
Inspect the X-Change for wear or damage. Inspect the
X-Change pins (Item 1) and hooks (Item 2)
[Figure PM-50] (on the attachment) for wear or damage.
Repair or replace damaged parts.
PM-32
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Figure PM-52
LUBRICATION OF THE HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR
Lubricate the Hydraulic Excavator as specified in the
SERVICE SCHEDULE (See “SERVICE SCHEDULE” on
Page PM-5.) for the best performance of the machine.
7
5
Always use a good quality lithium-based multipurpose
grease when lubricating the machine. Apply the lubricant
until extra grease shows.
6
6
Lubricate the following locations on the Hydraulic
Excavator EVERY 8-10 HOURS:
6
8
Figure PM-51
5
4
5. Boom Swing Pin (2) [Figure PM-52]
1
3
P-21197
6. Boom Swing Pivot (3) [Figure PM-52]
3
7. Boom Pivot (1) [Figure PM-52]
8. Boom Cylinder Base End (1) [Figure PM-52]
2
Figure PM-53
P-21195
10
Ref Description (No. of Fittings)
1. Blade Cylinder Rod End (1) [Figure PM-51]
2. Blade Cylinder Base End (1) [Figure PM-51]
3. Blade Pivots (2) [Figure PM-51]
9
4. Boom Swing Cylinder Rod End (1) [Figure PM-51]
P-42463
9. Boom Cylinder Rod End (1) [Figure PM-53]
10. Arm Cylinder Base End (1) [Figure PM-53]
PM-33
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
LUBRICATION OF THE HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR
(CONT’D)
Figure PM-56
Figure PM-54
11
18
18
17
13
12
P-42464
P-19385
17. X-Change Latch (1) [Figure PM-56]
18. X-Change Pivot Pin (2) [Figure PM-56]
11. Arm Cylinder Rod End (1) [Figure PM-54]
Figure PM-57
12. Arm Pivot (1) [Figure PM-54]
13. Bucket Cylinder Base End (1) [Figure PM-54]
Figure PM-55
15
14
21
20
19
16
P-49272
16
19. Boom Swing Cylinder Base End (1) [Figure PM-57]
16
P19384
Lubricate the following locations on the hydraulic
Excavator EVERY 50 HOURS:
14. Bucket Cylinder Rod End (1) [Figure PM-55]
20. Slew Circle (1) [Figure PM-57]
15. Bucket Link Pin (1) [Figure PM-55]
21. Slew Pinion (1) [Figure PM-57]
16. Bucket Pivot (3) [Figure PM-55]
PM-34
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
LUBRICATION OF THE HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR
(CONT’D)
Figure PM-58
22
22
P-49271
22. Tailgate Hinge (2) [Figure PM-58].
PM-35
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PM-36
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SYSTEM SET-UP AND ANALYSIS
DELUXE INSTRUMENT PANEL SET-UP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing The Operator Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password Entry (For Starting and Operating the Machine) . .
Password Lock-out Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RPM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SA-4
SA-4
SA-4
SA-5
SA-4
SA-5
SA-5
DIAGNOSTICS SERVICE CODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SA-3
Number Codes List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SA-3
SYSTEM SET-UP
& ANALYSIS
SA-1
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SA-2
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
DIAGNOSTICS SERVICE CODE
Number Codes List
CODE
02-16
02-17
CODE
20-02
20-03
Hydraulic charge filter not connected
Hydraulic charge filter plugged
Two speed output error ON
Two speed output error OFF
03-09
03-10
03-11
03-14
03-22
Battery voltage low
Battery voltage high
Battery voltage extremely high
Battery voltage extremely low
Battery voltage out of range low
21-02
21-03
Glow plug output error ON
Glow plug output error OFF
22-02
22-03
Starter relay output error ON
Starter relay output error OFF
04-14
04-15
Oil pressure extremely low
Oil pressure shutdown level
26-02
26-03
Front base output error ON
Front base output error OFF
05-09
05-14
05-15
05-21
05-22
Hydraulic charge pressure low
Hydraulic charge pressure extremely low
Hydraulic charge pressure shutdown level
Hydraulic charge pressure out of range high
Hydraulic charge pressure out of range low
27-02
27-03
Front rod output error ON
Front rod output error OFF
28-02
28-03
Diverter output error ON
Diverter output error OFF
06-10
06-11
06-15
06-18
Engine speed high
Engine speed extremely high
Engine speed shutdown level
Engine speed out of range high
30-28
Watch dog failure
31-28
Recovery mode failure
33-23
Controller not calibrated
07-10
07-11
07-15
07-21
07-22
Hydraulic oil temperature high
Hydraulic oil temperature extremely high
Hydraulic oil temperature shutdown level
Hydraulic oil temperature out of range high
Hydraulic oil temperature out of range low
60-21
60-22
60-23
Sec. aux. thumbswitch out of range high
Sec. aux. thumbswitch out of range low
Sec. aux. thumbswitch not calibrated
08-10
08-11
08-15
08-21
08-22
Engine coolant temperature high
Engine coolant temperature extremely high
Engine coolant temperature shutdown level
Engine coolant temperature out of range high
Engine coolant temperature out of range low
62-04
Load moment monitoring in error
63-05
63-06
Work group/travel console sensor
Work group/travel console sensor
09-09
09-21
09-22
Fuel level low
Fuel level out of range high
Fuel level out of range low
64-05
64-06
64-07
Switched power/acc. relay short to battery
Switched power/acc. relay short to ground
Switched power/acc. relay open circuit
12-21
12-22
12-23
Primary auxiliary PWM switch out of range high
Primary auxiliary PWM switch out of range low
primary auxiliary PWM switch not calibrated
65-02
65-03
65-05
65-06
65-07
Work group/travel lock-out solenoid error ON
Work group/travel lock-out solenoid error OFF
Work group/travel lock-out solenoid short to battery
Work group/travel lock-out solenoid short to ground
Work group/travel lock-out solenoid open circuit
13-05
13-06
Fuel shut-off hold solenoid short to battery
Fuel shut-off hold solenoid short to ground
66-05
66-06
Travel solenoid short to battery
Travel solenoid short to ground
14-02
14-03
Fuel shut-off hold solenoid short to batter
Fuel shut-off hold solenoid short to ground
SA-3
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
DELUXE INSTRUMENT PANEL SET-UP
Figure SA-1
Passwords
1
2
All new machines with Deluxe Instrumentation arrive at
Bobcat Dealerships with the panel in locked mode. This
means that a password must be used to start the engine.
For security purposes, your dealer may change the
password and also set it in the locked mode. Your
dealer will provide you with the password.
3
Master Password:
A permanent, randomly selected password is set at
the factory which cannot be changed. This password
is used for service by the Bobcat dealer if the Owner
Password is not known; or to change the Owner
Password.
B-15819
Changing The Operator Password
Owner Password:
There is only one Owner Password (CodE 0). It must
be used to change the owner or operator passwords.
See below for changing the Owner Password.
Operator Password:
There can be up to three operator Passwords
(CodE 1, CodE 2, CodE 3). See below for changing
the Operator Password.
Perform Password Entry at left, but do not start the
engine.
Press and hold the ENTER CODE button (Item 1) for
three seconds. CodE 1 will appear on the LCD (Item 2)
[Figure SA-1].
Password Entry (For Starting and Operating the
Machine)
Press the ENTER CODE button until the desired operator
Code (CodE 1, CodE 2, CodE 3) appears. You now have
40 seconds to use the keypad (Item 3) [Figure SA-1] to
enter each digit of a new four digit password.
Press ENTER CODE button (Item 1). The panel will
become lit and there will be two short beeps. CodE will
appear on the LCD (Item 2) [Figure SA-1].
Enter the new four digit password. After the fourth digit is
entered, there will be two short beeps and rPEAt will
appear.
NOTE: After you press ENTER CODE you have
40 seconds to use the keypad (Item 3)
[Figure SA-1] to enter the password. (If more
than 40 seconds is used, the process will abort
and you will need to start again.
Re-enter the new four digit password to verify. If the new
passwords match, there will be two short beeps, Code will
appear for 1 second and then the LCD will return to
HOUR METER function.
Enter the password. For each digit that you enter, a dash
will appear on the LCD. If the password was entered
correctly, there will be one long beep.
NOTE: If the new passwords do not match, there will
be one long beep and Error will appear for
1 second and then the LCD will return to HOUR
METER function.
NOTE: If the password was incorrect there will be
three short beeps and Error will appear on the
LCD. Press the ENTER CODE button again and
start again. After three failed attempts, you
must wait three minutes to try again.
You are now ready to start and operate the machine.
If you will be changing the operator password, do not start
the engine. (See “Changing The Operator Password” on
Page SA-4.)
SA-4
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
DELUXE INSTRUMENT PANEL SET-UP (CONT’D)
Job Clock
Password Lock-out Feature
The JOB CLOCK can be set to record accumulated
hours for a particular job.
This allows the operator to Unlock the password feature
so that a password does not need to be used every time
you start the engine.
Perform Password Entry (See “Password Entry (For
Starting and Operating the Machine)” on Page SA-4.)
(the engine can be started or stopped.) The password
entry may be performed with the engine off or running.
Figure SA-2
4
5
Press and release the HOURS/JOB/RPM button (Item 4)
until JOB light is ON at the top, centre of the LCD (Item 5)
[Figure SA-2].
While the JOB light is ON, press and hold the HOURS/
JOB/RPM button (Item 4) [Figure SA-2] until the LCD
returns to zero.
This process will clear the accumulated hours and will
begin recording JOB CLOCK time again. (This does not
affect the HOUR METER, which continues to record the
total operating hours of the Excavator.)
2
Pressing the HOURS/JOB/RPM button again or pressing
the START button will return the LCD to HOUR METER
function.
RPM
The LCD (Item 5) [Figure SA-2] can be set to display
engine RPM.
1
3
B-15819
Press the Lock/Unlock button (Item 1) [Figure SA-2].
The LCD will continuously alternate from UnLoc to CodE
for 1 second periods.
Perform Password Entry again.
With the engine running, press and release the HOURS/
JOB/RPM button (Item 4) until RPM light is ON at the top,
centre of the LCD (Item 5) [Figure SA-2].
Engine RPM is now displayed in the LCD.
Press the HOURS/JOB/RPM button (Item 4)
[Figure SA-2] again the return to HOUR METER
function.
UnLoc will appear in the LCD (Item 5), the Unlocked Icon
(Item 2) will appear in the Icon Display Area (Item 3)
[Figure SA-2] and there will be two short beeps.
To start an Unlocked system, press the ENTER CODE
button and press the START button.
When you stop the engine with the system unlocked, you
will hear one long beep every 3 seconds for 15 seconds.
To lock the system again, press the Lock/Unlock button
(Item 1) [Figure SA-2] and enter the password during
the 15 second period.
SA-5
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SA-6
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS
Attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-19
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-15
Dimensions 331 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-3
Dimensions 331E Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-4
Dimensions 334 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-5
Drive System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-16
Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-15
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-15
Fluid Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-17
Fluid Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-18
Function Time 331 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-12
Function Time 331E Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-13
Function Time 334 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-13
Hydraulic Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-16
Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-16
Instrumentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-17
Lift Capacity 331 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-9
Lift Capacity 331E Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-10
Lift Capacity 334 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-11
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-19
Performance 331 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-12 SPECIFICATIONS
Performance 331E Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-12
Performance 334 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-12
Standard Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-18
Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-17
Weights 331 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-14
Weights 331E Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-14
Weights 334 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-14
Working Range 331 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-6
Working Range 334 Excavator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SPEC-8
SPEC-1
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPEC-2
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions 331 Excavator
•
All dimensions in mm.
MS1884
SPEC-3
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Dimensions 331E Excavator
•
•
All dimensions in mm.
Arrows show dimensions with dipperstick extension extended (h) and retracted (i).
MS1886
SPEC-4
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Dimensions 334 Excavator
•
All dimensions in mm.
MS1885
SPEC-5
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Working Range 331 Excavator
•
All dimensions in mm.
MS1887
SPEC-6
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Working Range 331E Excavator
•
•
All dimensions in mm.
Arrows show dimensions with dipperstick extension extended (h) and retracted (i).
MS1887
SPEC-7
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Working Range 334 Excavator
•
All dimensions in mm.
MS1887
SPEC-8
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Lift Capacity 331 Excavator
Note: Lift point is bucket hinge pin with standard bucket attached and bucket cylinder fully extended.
Rated lift capacity over blade, blade down, 235 kg counterweight
Lift point
height [H] (mm)
Maximum radius
[R] (mm)
Lift at max.
radius (kg)
3000
3580
414 *
2000
4070
1000
Lift at 2000 mm
radius
Lift at 3000 mm
radius
Lift at 4000 mm
radius
479 *
499 *
466 *
4230
540 *
754 *
554 *
Ground
4090
610 *
1717 *
941 *
631 *
-1000
3620
703 *
1802 *
983 *
* Rated hydraulic lift capacity
Rated lift capacity over blade, blade up, 235 kg counterweight
Lift point
height [H] (mm)
Maximum radius
[R] (mm)
Lift at max.
radius (kg)
3000
3580
400 *
2000
4070
1000
Lift at 2000 mm
radius
Lift at 3000 mm
radius
Lift at 4000 mm
radius
458 *
487 *
458 *
4230
379
723 *
423
Ground
4090
390
1209
656
408
-1000
3620
485
1241
665
* Rated hydraulic lift capacity
Rated lift capacity over side, blade up, 235 kg counterweight
Lift point
height [H] (mm)
Maximum radius
[R] (mm)
Lift at max.
radius (kg)
3000
3580
400 *
2000
4070
1000
Lift at 2000 mm
radius
Lift at 3000 mm
radius
Lift at 4000 mm
radius
360
498 *
366
4230
334
570
364
Ground
4090
348
1008
564
357
-1000
3620
423
1056
558
SPEC-9
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Lift Capacity 331E Excavator
Note: Lift point is bucket hinge pin with standard bucket attached and bucket cylinder fully extended.
Rated lift capacity over blade, blade down, 235 kg counterweight
Lift at
Lift at
Lift at max.
Lift at max.
Maximum
Maximum
Lift
2000 mm 3000 mm
radius,
radius,
radius,
radius,
point
radius
radius
extendible
extendible
extendible
extendible
height
dipperstick
dipperstick
dipperstick
dipperstick
[H]
extended
retracted
extended [R]
retracted [R]
(mm)
(kg)
(kg)
(mm)
(mm)
3000
3570
4430
782 *
491 *
2000
4060
4820
894 *
596 *
909 *
1000
4220
4950
1021 *
703 *
1389 *
Ground
4080
4840
1148 *
831 *
3556 *
1782 *
-1000
3615
4470
1345 *
999 *
3528 *
1810 *
* Rated hydraulic lift capacity
Rated lift capacity over blade, blade up, 235 kg counterweight
Maximum
Maximum
Lift
Lift at
Lift at
Lift at max.
Lift at max.
2000 mm 3000 mm
radius,
radius,
radius,
radius,
point
radius
radius
extendible
extendible
extendible
extendible
height
dipperstick
dipperstick
dipperstick
dipperstick
[H]
extended
retracted
extended [R]
retracted [R]
(mm)
(kg)
(kg)
(mm)
(mm)
3000
3570
4430
732 *
481 *
2000
4060
4820
847 *
572 *
881 *
1000
4220
4950
686 *
491
1328 *
Ground
4080
4840
710 *
513
2327
1136
-1000
3615
4470
896 *
599
2458
1196
* Rated hydraulic lift capacity
Lift
point
height
[H]
(mm)
3000
2000
1000
Ground
-1000
Rated lift capacity over side, blade up, 235 kg counterweight
Lift at
Lift at max.
Lift at max.
Maximum
Maximum
2000 mm
radius,
radius,
radius,
radius,
radius
extendible
extendible
extendible
extendible
dipperstick
dipperstick
dipperstick
dipperstick
extended
retracted
extended [R]
retracted [R]
(kg)
(kg)
(mm)
(mm)
3570
4430
774 *
490 *
4060
4820
658
462
4220
4950
572
415
4080
4840
593
413
1927
3615
4470
759
524
2003
SPEC-10
Lift at
4000 mm
radius
861 *
1024 *
1183 *
Lift at
4000 mm
radius
840 *
764
737
Lift at
3000 mm
radius
Lift at
4000 mm
radius
905 *
1086
978
971
706
645
600
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Lift Capacity 334 Excavator
Note: Lift point is bucket hinge pin with standard bucket attached and bucket cylinder fully extended.
Rated lift capacity over blade, blade down, 235 kg counterweight
Lift point
height [H] (mm)
Maximum radius
[R] (mm)
Lift at max.
radius (kg)
Lift at 2000 mm
radius
Lift at 3000 mm
radius
Lift at 4000 mm
radius
3000
3920
360 *
353 *
2000
4370
414 *
404 *
1000
4510
472 *
1262 *
662 *
499 *
Ground
4390
537 *
1729 *
886 *
612 *
-1000
3960
617 *
1833 *
969 *
* Rated hydraulic lift capacity
Rated lift capacity over blade, blade up, 235 kg counterweight
Lift point
height [H] (mm)
Maximum radius
[R] (mm)
Lift at max.
radius (kg)
Lift at 2000 mm
radius
Lift at 3000 mm
radius
Lift at 4000 mm
radius
3000
3920
348 *
342 *
2000
4370
399 *
387 *
1000
4510
340
1220 *
640 *
428 *
Ground
4390
351
1170
653
415
-1000
3960
414
1276
643
* Rated hydraulic lift capacity
Rated lift capacity over side, blade up, 235 kg counterweight
Lift point
height [H] (mm)
Maximum radius
[R] (mm)
Lift at max.
radius (kg)
Lift at 2000 mm
radius
3000
3920
358 *
347 *
2000
4370
310 *
401 *
1000
4510
298
1248 *
649 *
357
Ground
4390
298
1041
564
354
-1000
3960
358
1047
548
SPEC-11
Lift at 3000 mm
radius
Lift at 4000 mm
radius
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Performance 331 Excavator
Digging force, dipperstick (ISO 6015)
18794 N
Digging force, bucket (ISO 6015)
31136 N
Drawbar pull (theoretical at 78.5% efficiency)
31580 N
Ground pressure with ROPS canopy and rubber tracks
29,4 kPa
Ground pressure with ROPS cab and rubber tracks
30,5 kPa
Ground pressure with ROPS canopy and steel tracks
30,0 kPa
Performance 331E Excavator
Digging force, dipperstick, with dipperstick extension fully
retracted (ISO 6015)
18794 N
Digging force, dipperstick, with dipperstick extension fully
extended (ISO 6015)
11083 N
Digging force, bucket (ISO 6015)
31136 N
Drawbar pull (theoretical at 78.5% efficiency)
31580 N
Ground pressure with rubber tracks
31,6 kPa
Ground pressure with steel tracks
32,3 kPa
Performance 334 Excavator
Digging force, dipperstick (ISO 6015)
15035 N
Digging force, bucket (ISO 6015)
31136 N
Drawbar pull (theoretical at 78.5% efficiency)
31580 N
Ground pressure with rubber tracks
30,8 kPa
Ground pressure with steel tracks
31,3 kPa
Function Time 331 Excavator
Boom raise time
3,9 s
Boom lower time
5,1 s
Bucket curl time
2,6 s
Bucket dump time
1,6 s
Dipperstick retract time
3,1 s
Dipperstick extend time
2,2 s
Boom swing left time
5,7 s
Boom swing right time
5,3 s
Blade raise time
2,8 s
Blade lower time
3,1 s
Slew rate
9,2 RPM
SPEC-12
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Function Time 331E Excavator
Boom raise time
3,9 s
Boom lower time
5,1 s
Bucket curl time
2,6 s
Bucket dump time
1,6 s
Dipperstick retract time
3,1 s
Dipperstick extend time
2,2 s
Boom swing left time
5,7 s
Boom swing right time
5,3 s
Blade raise time
2,8 s
Blade lower time
3,1 s
Slew rate
9,2 RPM
Extendible dipperstick retraction time
1,4 s
Extendible dipperstick extension time
2,1 s
Function Time 334 Excavator
Boom raise time
3,9 s
Boom lower time
5,1 s
Bucket curl time
2,6 s
Bucket dump time
1,6 s
Dipperstick retract time
3,1 s
Dipperstick extend time
2,2 s
Boom swing left time
5,7 s
Boom swing right time
5,3 s
Blade raise time
2,8 s
Blade lower time
3,1 s
Slew rate
9,2 RPM
SPEC-13
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Weights 331 Excavator
Operating weight with ROPS canopy, rubber tracks,
counterweight, 610 mm bucket
3273 kg
Additional weight for ROPS cab with heater
119 kg
Additional weight for ROPS cab with HVAC
141 kg
Additional weight for steel tracks
72 kg
Reduction for shipping weight
Not available
Weights 331E Excavator
Operating weight with ROPS canopy, rubber tracks,
counterweight, 610 mm bucket
3519 kg
Additional weight for ROPS cab with heater
119 kg
Additional weight for ROPS cab with HVAC
141 kg
Additional weight for steel tracks
72 kg
Reduction for shipping weight
Not available
Weights 334 Excavator
Operating weight with ROPS canopy, rubber tracks,
counterweight, 610 mm bucket
3433 kg
Additional weight for ROPS cab with heater
119 kg
Additional weight for ROPS cab with HVAC
141 kg
Additional weight for steel tracks
72 kg
Reduction for shipping weight
Not available
SPEC-14
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Controls
Engine
Hand lever on right-hand side
Starting
Key-type starter switch and shutdown
Blade
Right hand lever
Boom swing
Right foot pedal
Hydraulics
Two joysticks control boom, bucket, dipperstick and upper
structure slew
Auxiliary hydraulics
Electric switch in right joystick
Upper structure slew brake
Hydraulic lock on motor
Holding brake for upper structure slew
Pin lock
Steering
Direction and speed controlled by two hand levers or foot pedals
Engine
Make / model
Kubota / V2203-M-D1-E28-BC-4
Fuel
Diesel
Cooling
Liquid
Maximum power at 2400 RPM (SAE Net J1349)
30,3 kW
Maximum governed speed
2620 RPM
Torque at 2400 RPM (SAE Net J1349)
140,3 Nm
Number of cylinders
4
Displacement
2,20 l
Bore
87,0 mm
Stroke
92,4 mm
Lubrication
Pressure system with full-flow filter
Crankcase ventilation
Closed breathing
Air filter
Dual dry replaceable paper cartridge
Ignition
Diesel-compression
Starting aid
Intake air heater
Electrical
Alternator
12 V — 90 A — open frame with internal regulator
Battery
12 V — 530 cold cranking A at -18°C — 75 min reserve capacity at 25 A
Starter
12 V — gear reduction type — 2.0 kW
SPEC-15
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Hydraulic System
Pump type
Dual-outlet variable displacement piston pump with gear pump
Pump 1 capacity
33,3 l/min at 2400 RPM
Pump 2 and 3 capacity
28,8 l/min at 2400 RPM
System relief pressure for implement
circuits
172 Bar
System relief pressure for travel circuits
263 Bar
System relief pressure for slew circuits
117 Bar
System relief pressure for auxiliary circuits
172 Bar
Dipperstick port relief base and rod end
290 Bar
Boom port relief base and rod end
290 Bar
Bucket port relief base and rod end
290 Bar
Main hydraulic filter bypass
3,4 Bar
Case drain bypass
1,4 Bar
Control valve
Ten-spool parallel series
Hydraulic filter
Full-flow replaceable — 3 µm synthetic media element
Fluid lines
SAE standard tubelines, hoses, and fittings
Hydraulic Cylinders
Boom cylinder
Cushion up
Boom cylinder bore
82,6 mm
Boom cylinder rod
44,5 mm
Boom cylinder stroke
637,3 mm
Dipperstick cylinder
Cushion extend
Dipperstick cylinder bore
82,6 mm
Dipperstick cylinder rod
44,5 mm
Dipperstick cylinder stroke
599,9 mm
Bucket cylinder
No cushion
Bucket cylinder bore
82,6 mm
Bucket cylinder rod
50,8 mm
Bucket cylinder stroke
467,1 mm
Boom swing cylinder
Cushion left and right
Boom swing cylinder bore
76,2 mm
Boom swing cylinder rod
38,1 mm
Boom swing cylinder stroke
524,5 mm
Blade cylinder
No cushion
Blade cylinder bore
88,9 mm
Blade cylinder rod
44,5 mm
Blade cylinder stroke
184,9 mm
Drive System
Travel motor
Each track is driven by a hydrostatic axial piston motor
Drive reduction
Two-stage planetary gear reduction 36.4:1
SPEC-16
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPECIFICATIONS (CONT’D)
Traction
Track width, rubber, standard
320 mm
Track width, steel, optional
300 mm
Track adjusters
Grease type with shock absorbing recoil springs
Track type, standard
Half-pitch, rubber with 40 shoes
Track type, optional
Steel with 41 shoes
Travel speed, low range
2,1 km/h
Travel speed, high range
5,6 km/h
Undercarriage
Crawler-type tractor design with reinforced box-section track roller
frame and sealed track rollers
Number of track rollers per side
4
Gradeability
30°
Instrumentation
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Air intake heater indicator
Auxiliary mode indicator
Console indicator
Engine temperature gauge
Engine/hydraulic service warning indicator
Fuel gauge
Hour meter
Job clock
Low fuel indicator
Tachometer
Two-speed range indicator
Fluid Capacities
Cooling system
17,0 l
Engine lubrication plus oil filter
7,1 l
Fuel reservoir
53,3 l
Hydraulic reservoir
29,5 l
Hydraulic system with bucket and dipper cylinder retracted,
bucket on the ground, and blade down
44,0 l
Travel motor (each)
0,5 l
SPEC-17
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Fluid Specifications
Engine coolant
Polypropylene glycol/water mix (53% – 47%) with freeze
protection to -37°C
Engine oil
Oil must meet API Service Classification of CD, CE, CF4, CG4, or
better.
Recommended SAE viscosity number for anticipated temperature
range.
* Can by used only when available with appropriate diesel rating.
For synthetic oil use the recommendation from the oil
manufacturer.
Hydraulic fluid
Bobcat Fluid (P/N 6563328). If fluid is not available use 10W-30/
10W Class SE motor oil for temperatures above -18°C or 5W-30
Class SE motor oil for temperatures below -18°C.
Standard Features
• * TOPS/ROPS canopy
• 1450 mm dozer blade
• 320 mm half-pitch rubber track
• Auxiliary hydraulics with Quick Couplers
• Control console locks
• Counterweight
• Engine shutdown system
• Fingertip auxiliary hydraulic control
• Horn
• Hydraulic joystick controls
• Retractable seat belt
• Spark arrester muffler
• Suspension seat with high back
• Two-speed travel
• Vandalism protection
• Warranty: 12 months, 2000 hours
• Working lights
* Roll Over Protective Structure (ROPS) – Meets requirements of SAE-J1040C
Tip Over Protective Structure (TOPS) – Meets requirements of ISO/DIS 12117
SPEC-18
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
Options
• 300 mm steel tracks
• AM/FM stereo radio
• Cab enclosure, vinyl
• Cab/canopy light kit
• Catalytic exhaust purifier kit
• Counterweight kit
• FOPS kit
• Keyless start
• Lifting chain kit
• Special applications kit
• TOPS/ROPS cab with heater
• Travel motion alarm
• X-Change™ attachment mounting system
Attachments
•
•
•
•
•
•
Auger
Cutter crusher
Grading bucket
Grapple, three-tine
Hydra-Tilt
Hydraulic breaker
•
•
•
•
•
Hydraulic clamp
Plate compactor
Power tilt
Ripper
Trenching bucket
SPEC-19
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
SPEC-20
331/331E/334 Excavator
Operation & Maintenance Manual
WARRANTY
Bobcat Excavators
Bobcat Europe warrants to its authorised dealer, who in turn, warrants to the
original buyer (owner) that each Bobcat excavator will be free from proven
defects in material and workmanship for twelve months or 2000 hours after
delivery to the original buyer (owner), whichever occurs first.
During the warranty period, the authorised selling Bobcat dealer shall repair or
replace, at his option, without charge for parts, labour and travel time of
mechanics, any part of the Bobcat product which fails because of defects in
material and workmanship. The owner shall provide the authorised dealer with
prompt written notice of the defect and allow reasonable time for replacement or
repair. Bobcat Europe may, at its option, request failed parts to be returned to the
factory Transportation of the Bobcat product to the authorised Bobcat Excavator
dealer for warranty work is the responsibility of the owner.
Warranty does not cover replacement of scheduled service items such as oil,
filters, tune-up parts, and other high-wear items. The warranty does not cover
damages resulting from abuse, accidents, alterations, use of the Bobcat product
with any bucket or attachment not approved by Bobcat Europe, air flow
obstructions, or failure to maintain or use the Bobcat product according to the
instructions applicable to it.
THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES (EXCEPT THOSE OF
TITLE), EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, AND THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT
SHALL THE AUTHORISED SELLING DEALER OR BOBCAT EUROPE BE LIABLE
FOR DOWNTIME EXPENSES, LOSS OF MACHINE USE OTHER INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES.
6902612-EN (01-04)
Printed in Europe