Ambient Weather WS-1173 User manual

Ambient Weather WS-1173A Advanced Weather Station
User Manual
Table of Contents
1.
2.
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 2
Getting Started ................................................................................................................................ 2
2.1
Parts List................................................................................................................................. 2
2.2
Recommend Tools .................................................................................................................. 2
2.3
Thermo-Hygrometer Sensor Set Up ....................................................................................... 2
2.4
Display Console Set Up ......................................................................................................... 3
2.4.1 Radio Controlled Clock (RCC) .............................................................................................. 3
2.4.2 Display Console Layout ..................................................................................................... 4
2.5
Sensor Operation Verification ................................................................................................ 5
3. Remote Sensor Installation ............................................................................................................. 5
3.1
Sensor Placement ................................................................................................................... 5
3.2
Wireless Reception Considerations ........................................................................................ 6
4. Console Operation........................................................................................................................... 6
4.1 Quick Display Mode ..................................................................................................................... 6
4.2 Set (Program) Mode ...................................................................................................................... 6
4.2.1 Setting Barometric Pressure ................................................................................................. 10
4.2.2 Setting Calibrated Humidity............................................................................................. 11
4.2.3 Setting Calibrated Temperature ........................................................................................ 11
4.3
Alarm Mode ......................................................................................................................... 12
4.3.1 Alarm Display ...................................................................................................................... 12
4.3.2 Alarm Programming......................................................................................................... 12
4.3.3 Cancelling the Alarm........................................................................................................ 12
4.3.4 Outdoor Alarm – Temperature vs. Dew Point .................................................................. 13
4.4 Min/Max Mode ........................................................................................................................... 13
4.5
Other Console Features ........................................................................................................ 14
4.5.1 Weather Forecasting ......................................................................................................... 14
4.5.2 Weather Icons ................................................................................................................... 14
4.5.3 Weather tendency indicator .............................................................................................. 14
4.5.4 Storm threshold indicator ................................................................................................. 15
4.5.5 Pressure threshold setting ................................................................................................. 15
4.5.6 Pressure Graph ................................................................................................................. 15
4.5.7 Moon Phase ...................................................................................................................... 15
4.5.8 Sunrise and Sunset ........................................................................................................... 16
4.5.9 Restoring Lost Outdoor Temperature and Humidity Sensor ............................................ 17
4.5.10
Restoring to Factory Default ........................................................................................ 17
5. Glossary of Terms ......................................................................................................................... 17
6. Specifications ................................................................................................................................ 18
6.1 Wireless Specifications ............................................................................................................... 18
6.2 Measurement Specifications ....................................................................................................... 18
6.3 Power Consumption .................................................................................................................... 18
7. Troubleshooting Guide.................................................................................................................. 18
8. Accessories ................................................................................................................................... 21
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9. Liability Disclaimer ...................................................................................................................... 21
10.
FCC Statement.......................................................................................................................... 21
11.
Warranty Information ............................................................................................................... 22
12.
Appendix .................................................................................................................................. 22
12.1 Quick Set Mode.................................................................................................................... 22
12.2 Set Mode ................................................................................................................................... 23
1. Introduction
Thank you for your purchase of the Ambient Weather WS-1173A Advanced Weather Station with
Temperature, Humidity, Barometer, Advanced Forecasting, Sunrise, Sunset, and Moon Phase. The
following user guide provides step by step instructions for installation, operation and troubleshooting.
To download the latest full sized manual and additional troubleshooting tips, please visit:
http://ambientweather.wikispaces.com/ws1173
2. Getting Started
Note: The power up sequence must be performed in the order shown in this section (remote
transmitter first, Display Console second).
The WS-1173 weather station consists of a display console (receiver), and a thermo-hygrometer
(remote transmitter).
2.1 Parts List
QTY
1
1
Item
Display Console
Frame Dimensions (LxWxH): 7.25 x 4 x 1.25 in
LCD Dimensions (LxW): 4.25 x 2.50”
Thermo-hygrometer transmitter (WH-2) with mounting bracket
Dimensions (LxWxH): 3.5” x 2.5” x 0.9”
2.2 Recommend Tools


Philips precision screwdriver
Drill for mounting bracket
2.3 Thermo-Hygrometer Sensor Set Up
Note: To avoid permanent damage, please take note of the battery polarity before inserting the
batteries.
Remove the battery door on the back of the sensor with a Philips screwdriver (there is only one screw,
at the bottom of the unit). Insert two AAA batteries as shown in Figure 1 (we recommend lithium
batteries for cold weather climates, but alkaline batteries are sufficient for most climates).
Replace the battery door and set screw. Note that the temperature and humidity will be displayed on
the LCD display. Looking at the back of the unit from left to right, the polarity is (-) (+) for the top
battery and (+) (-) for the bottom battery.
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Figure 1
2.4 Display Console Set Up
Note: To avoid permanent damage, please take note of the battery polarity before inserting the
batteries.
Place the remote thermo-hygrometer about 5 to 10’ away from the display console (if the sensor is too
close, it may not be received by the display console).
Remove the battery door on the back of the display. Insert three AA (alkaline or lithium, avoid
rechargeable) batteries in the back of the display console. Looking at the back of the unit (left to right),
the polarity is (+) (-) for the top battery, (-) (+) for the middle battery and (+) (-) for the bottom battery.
The display will beep once and all of the LCD segments will light up for a few seconds to verify all
segments are operating properly.
Replace the battery door, and fold out the desk stand and place the console in the upright position.
The console will instantly display indoor temperature, humidity, barometer, tendency, date and time.
The remote search icon will turn on in the OUT section of the display
. The outdoor temperature
and humidity will update on the display within a few minutes.
Do not touch any buttons until the remote sensor reports in, otherwise the remote sensor search
mode will be terminated and the search icon will turn off. When the remote sensor data has been
received, the console will automatically switch to the normal mode, and all further settings can be
performed.
If the remote does not update, please reference the troubleshooting guide in Section 7.
2.4.1 Radio Controlled Clock (RCC)
The RCC is received by the main console. After the remote sensor is powered up, the sensor will
transmit weather data for 30 seconds, and then the sensor will begin radio controlled clock (RCC)
reception and the RCC search icon
will turn on. During the RCC time reception period
(maximum 10 minutes), no weather data will be transmitted to avoid interference.
If the signal reception is not successful within 1 minute, the signal search will be cancelled, the
outdoor temperature and humidity will update as normal, the RCC icon will turn off, and the RCC
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search will automatically resume every two hours until the signal is successfully captured. The regular
RF link will resume once RCC reception routine is finished. In some locations, RCC reception may
take a couple of days to receive the signal. The temperature and humidity data will continue to
transmit during this period.
Once the radio controlled time is received the WWVB icon will be present above the time (reference
Figure 2).
Note: The RCC search icon
is normally off and will momentarily flash when updated. The
signal is passed from the outdoor sensor to the console, and will not update if the outdoor sensor is not
updating properly.
2.4.2 Display Console Layout
Note: The following illustration shows the full segments of the LCD for description purposes
only and will not appear like this during normal operation.
Figure 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
Weather forecast icon
low battery indicator
MIN/MAX information
Sunrise time
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18.
19.
20.
21.
Outdoor humidity display
Outdoor humidity low/high alarm
Absolute or relative air pressure selection
Barometer air pressure
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5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Moon phase indicator
Sunset time
Indoor temperature low / high alarm
Indoor temperature display
Temperature display unit
Indoor humidity display
Indoor temperature and humidity alarm on
indicator
Indoor humidity low / high alarm
Dew point temperature display
Outdoor temperature low/high alarm
Outdoor t temperature and humidity alarm
on indicator
Temperature display unit
Outdoor temperature display
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
Pressure with 24 hour history graph
Pressure high alarm
Pressure alarm on indicator
Pressure low alarm
Pressure display unit (inHg or hPa)
DST (daylight savings time), WWVB
indicator (radio controlled or atomic time
received from Colorado), or DCF (Europe
only)
Radio Controlled Time icon (flashes when
updated)
Time
Second
Day of week/ time zone
Alarm on indicator
Date (M / D / Y)
2.5 Sensor Operation Verification
Verify the indoor and outdoor humidity match closely with the console and sensor array in the same
location (about 5-10’ apart). The sensors should be within 10% (the accuracy is ± 5%). Allow about
30 minutes for both sensors to stabilize. For improved accuracy, please visit Section 4.2.2 Setting
Calibrated Humidity.
Verify the indoor and outdoor temperature match closely with the console and sensor array in the same
location (about 10’ apart). The sensors should be within 4°F (the accuracy is ± 2°F). Allow about 30
minutes for both sensors to stabilize. For improved accuracy, please visit Section 4.2.3 Setting
Calibrated Temperature.
3. Remote Sensor Installation
3.1 Sensor Placement
It is recommended you mount the remote sensor on a north facing wall, in a shaded area, at a height at
or above the receiver. Direct sunlight and radiant heat sources will result in inaccurate temperature
readings. Although the sensor is weatherproof, it is best to mount in a well protected area, such as an
eve.
Use 3 screws (included) to affix the mounting bracket to the wall with a precision screwdriver.
Connect the remote sensor to the wall bracket. It is recommended to drill pilot holes first.
Figure 3
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Note: Make sure the sensor is mounted vertically and not lying down on a flat surface. This will
insure optimum reception.
3.2 Wireless Reception Considerations
Wireless signals are impacted by distance, interference (other weather stations, wireless phones,
wireless routers, TVs and computer monitors), and transmission barriers, such as walls. In general,
wireless signals will not penetrate solid metal and earth (down a hill, for example).
The following is a table of reception loss vs. the transmission medium. Each “wall” or obstruction
decreases the transmission range by the factor shown below.
Medium
Glass (untreated)
Plastics
Wood
Brick
Concrete
Metal
RF Signal Strength Reduction
5-15%
10-15%
10-40%
10-40%
40-80%
90-100%
4. Console Operation
Note: The console has four keys for easy operation: SET key, ALARM key, MIN/MAX key and
+ key. There are four program modes: Quick Display Mode, Set Mode, Alarm Mode and Min/Max
Mode.
Any program mode can be exited at any time by either pressing the SNOOZE/LIGHT key, or waiting
for the 10-second time-out to take effect (the snooze/light key is on the top of the unit and is labeled
SNOOZE/LIGHT).
4.1 Quick Display Mode
A quick reference guide for the Quick Set Mode is available in Section 12.1.
While in Normal Mode, press the SET key (do not hold) to enter the Quick Display Mode as follows
(once for outdoor temperature and dew point and twice for absolute pressure and relative pressure):
1.
Display Outdoor Temperature and Dew Point. Press the MIN/MAX or + key to toggle
between outdoor temperature and dew point.
2.
Absolute Pressure and Relative Pressure. Press the MIN/MAX or + key to toggle between
absolute pressure and relative pressure.
4.2 Set (Program) Mode
A quick reference guide for the Set Mode is available in Section 12.
While in Normal Mode, press and hold the SET key for at least three seconds (until it beeps) to enter
the Set Mode. The first setting will begin flashing. You can press the SET key again to advance to
the next step, as defined below.
Note: In the Set mode, press the + key or MIN/MAX key to change or scroll the value. Hold
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the + key or MIN/MAX key for 3 seconds to increase/decrease rapidly.
Note: Press the SNOOZE key (or wait 30 seconds for timeout), and the Set Mode will return to
Normal Mode.
1. Daylight Savings Time (DST). The DST (ON or OFF) setting will begin flashing. Press the
+ key to toggle between DST ON and DST OFF.
Note: The DST should always be ON unless you live in Arizona or Hawaii, which do
not observe DST. If you turn this feature ON, it will automatically adjust time after daylight
savings and standard time changes.`1
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2.
Time Zone Settings. Press the SET key again to adjust the Time Zone (TZ) setting.
Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to adjust the time zone from -12 to 12, based on the
number of hours from Coordinated Universal Time, or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
The following table provides times zones throughout the world. Locations in the eastern
hemisphere are positive, and locations in the western hemisphere are negative.
Hours from
GMT
-12
-11
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Time Zone
IDLW: International Date Line West
NT: Nome
AHST: Alaska-Hawaii Standard
CAT: Central Alaska
HST: Hawaii Standard
YST: Yukon Standard
PST: Pacific Standard
MST: Mountain Standard
CST: Central Standard
EST: Eastern Standard
AST: Atlantic Standard
--AT: Azores
WAT: West Africa
GMT: Greenwich Mean
WET: Western European
CET: Central European
EET: Eastern European
BT: Baghdad
--------CCT: China Coast
JST: Japan Standard
GST: Guam Standard
--IDLE: International Date Line East
NZST: New Zealand Standard
Cities
--Nome, AK
Honolulu, HI
Yukon Territory
Los Angeles, CA, USA
Denver, CO, USA
Chicago, IL, USA
New York, NY, USA
Caracas
São Paulo, Brazil
Azores, Cape Verde Islands
--London, England
Paris, France
Athens, Greece
Moscow, Russia
Abu Dhabi, UAE
Tashkent
Astana
Bangkok
Bejing
Tokyo
Sydney
Magadan
Wellington, New Zealand
3.
12/24 Hour Format. Press the SET key again to adjust the 12/24 hour format setting. Press
the + key to change between 12 hour and 24 hour format.
4.
Latitude Location. Press the SET key again to adjust the Northern and Southern
Hemisphere settings. The icon LA (latitude) will appear in the Time and Date field. Press the
+ key to change between NTH (northern hemisphere) and STH (southern hemisphere).
Next, press the ALARM key to adjust the latitude whole number. Press the + key or
MIN/MAX key to adjust the latitude whole number up or down.
Press the ALARM key again to adjust the latitude decimal number. Press the + key or
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MIN/MAX key to adjust the latitude decimal number up or down.
Note: North America is located in the northern hemisphere. Therefore, there is no need
to change this setting for the United States and Canada.
Note: To determine your latitude and longitude, we recommend visiting:
http://www.bing.com/maps/
and enter your street address. For more detailed information on determining and entering
longitude and latitude, reference section 4.5.8.
5.
Longitude Location. Press the SET key again to adjust the Eastern and Western Hemisphere
settings. The icon LO (longitude) will appear in the Time and Date field. Press the + key to
change between EST (eastern hemisphere) and WST (western hemisphere).
Next, press the ALARM key to adjust the longitude whole number x 100. Press the + key or
MIN/MAX key to adjust the longitude whole number x 100 up or down.
Press the ALARM key again to adjust the longitude decimal number. Press the + key or
MIN/MAX key to adjust the longitude decimal number up or down.
Note: North America is located in the western hemisphere. Therefore, there is no need to
change this setting for the United States and Canada.
6.
Change Hour. Press the SET key again to set the hour. Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to
adjust the hour up or down.
7.
Change Minute. Press the SET key again to set the minute. Press the + key or MIN/MAX
key to adjust the minute.
8.
Change Year. Press the SET key again to set the calendar year. Press the + key or
MIN/MAX key to adjust the calendar year.
9.
Change Month. Press the SET key again to set the calendar month. Press the + key or
MIN/MAX key to adjust the calendar month.
10. Change Day. Press the SET key again to set the calendar day. Press the + key or MIN/MAX
key to adjust the calendar day (note that the display format is Month/Day/Year).
11. Temperature Units (Celsius or Fahrenheit). Press the SET key again to toggle the
temperature units from Celsius to Fahrenheit.
12. Indoor Temperature Calibration (default is measured indoor temperature). Press the SET
key to adjust the indoor temperature. Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to adjust the
temperature up or down in 0.1 degC (0.18 degF) increments.
To view the uncalibrated value, press the ALARM key while the temperature is flashing.
Reference Section 4.2.3 Setting Calibrated Temperature for more details on this function.
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13. Indoor Humidity Calibration (default is measured indoor humidity). Press the SET key to
adjust the indoor humidity. Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to adjust the humidity up or
down in 1% increments.
Reference Section 4.2.2 Setting Calibrated Humidity for more details on this feature.
14. Outdoor Temperature Calibration (default is measured outdoor temperature). Press the
SET key to adjust the outdoor temperature. Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to adjust the
temperature up or down in 0.1 degC (0.18 degF) increments.
To view the uncalibrated value, press the ALARM key while the temperature is flashing.
Reference Section 4.2.3 Setting Calibrated Temperature for more details on this feature.
15. Outdoor Humidity Calibration (default is measured outdoor humidity). Press the SET key
to adjust the outdoor humidity. Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to adjust the humidity up
or down in 1% increments.
To view the uncalibrated value, press the ALARM key while the humidity is flashing.
Reference Section 4.2.2 Setting Calibrated Humidity for more details on this feature.
16. Barometric Pressure Display Units (hPa or inHg). Press the SET key again to toggle the
pressure units between hPa or inHg.
17. Relative Pressure Calibration (default is 29.92 inHg). Press the SET key to adjust the
relative barometric pressure. Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to adjust the relative
barometric pressure up or down. Reference Section 4.2.1 Setting Barometric Pressure for
more details on this function.
18. Pressure Threshold Setting (default level 2). Press the SET key again to adjust the
pressure threshold setting. Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to adjust the pressure
threshold up or down. Reference Section 4.5.5 for more details on this function.
19. Storm Threshold Setting (default level 4). Press the SET key again to adjust the storm
threshold setting. Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to adjust the storm threshold up or
down. Reference Section 4.5.4 for more details on this function.
4.2.1 Setting Barometric Pressure
The display console displays two different pressures: absolute (measured) and relative (corrected to
sea-level).
To compare pressure conditions from one location to another, meteorologists correct pressure to
sea-level conditions. Because the air pressure decreases as you rise in altitude, the sea-level corrected
pressure (the pressure your location would be at if located at sea-level) is generally higher than your
measured pressure.
Thus, your absolute pressure may read 28.62 inHg (969 mb) at an altitude of 1000 feet (305 m), but
the relative pressure is 30.00 inHg (1016 mb).
The standard sea-level pressure is 29.92 in Hg (1013 mb). This is the average sea-level pressure
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around the world. Relative pressure measurements greater than 29.92 inHg (1013 mb) are
considered high pressure and relative pressure measurements less than 29.92 inHg are considered low
pressure.
To determine the relative pressure for your location, locate an official reporting station near you (the
internet is the best source for real time barometer conditions, such as Weather.com or
Wunderground.com), and set your weather station to match the official reporting station.
Reference Section 4.2 Set (Program) Mode on how to program this feature.
4.2.2 Setting Calibrated Humidity
The display console allows you to calibrate both the indoor and outdoor humidity. Humidity is a
difficult parameter to measure accurately and drifts over time. The calibration feature allows you to
zero out this error. To calibrate humidity, you will need an accurate source, such as a sling
psychrometer or Humidipaks One Step Calibration kit, available from Ambient Weather, which uses a
salt bath.
To calibrate the indoor or outdoor humidity, in the Set Mode with the indoor or outdoor humidity
flashing, press the + key or MIN/MAX key to increase or decrease the indoor or outdoor humidity
setting (in increments of 1%) to match the calibrated or known humidity source. Reference Section
4.2 Set (Program) Mode on how to program this feature.
Note: The remote (outdoor) thermo-hygrometer will always display the measured humidity level
and not the calibrated humidity level. Only the console will show the calibrated value.
Note: The dew point calculation is based on the calibrated humidity level.
4.2.3 Setting Calibrated Temperature
Temperature is measured by a resistive thermal device (RTD) and is subject to electronic variation.
Temperature errors can also occur when a sensor is placed too close to a heat source (such as a
building structure, the ground or trees).
To calibrate the indoor or outdoor temperature, we recommend a mercury or red spirit (fluid)
thermometer. Bi-metal (dial) and other digital thermometers are not a good source and have their own
margin of error. Using a local weather station in your area is also a poor source due to changes in
location, timing (airport weather stations are only updated once per hour) and possible calibration
errors (many official weather stations are not properly installed and calibrated).
Place the sensor in a shaded, controlled environment next to the fluid thermometer, and allow the
sensor to stabilize for 24 hours. Compare this temperature to the fluid thermometer and adjust the
console to match the fluid thermometer.
To calibrate indoor or outdoor temperature, in the Set Mode with indoor or outdoor temperature
flashing, press the + key or MIN/MAX key to increase or decrease the temperature setting (in
increments of 0.1 degC or 0.18 degF) to match the calibrated or known temperature source.
Reference Section 4.2 Set (Program) Mode on how to program this feature.
Note: The remote (outdoor) thermo-hygrometer will always display the measured temperature
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level and not the calibrated temperature level. Only the console will show the calibrated value.
Note: The dew point calculation is based on the calibrated temperature level.
4.3 Alarm Mode
4.3.1 Alarm Display
While in Normal Mode, press the ALARM key to enter the High Alarm Mode. Press the ALARM
key again to enter the Low Alarm Mode. Press the ALARM key again to return to normal mode (or
wait 30 seconds).
Note: After entering the ALARM mode, the console will display the high and low alarm
settings. If the value reads --.-- (dashes), the alarm is not active.
4.3.2 Alarm Programming
While in Alarm Mode, press the SET key to set the alarms. The following are high and low alarms:
High Alarm Limits:
 Time alarm (hour/minute)
 Indoor humidity high alarm
 Indoor temperature high alarm
 Outdoor humidity high alarm
 Outdoor temperature / dew point high alarm
 Pressure high alarm
Low Alarm Limits:
 In the Low Alarm Mode press the SET key to select the following alarm modes:
 Time alarm (hour/minute)
 Indoor humidity low alarm
 Indoor temperature low alarm
 Outdoor humidity low alarm
 Outdoor temperature / dew point low alarm
 Pressure low alarm
In the alarm mode, Press the + key or MIN/MAX key to change or scroll the alarm value while the
specific alarm is flashing.
Hold the + key or MIN/MAX key for 3 seconds to change the number rapidly. Press the ALARM key
to select the alarm on or off (if alarm is enabled, the speaker icon on the LCD will be turned on
indicating the alarm function has been enabled).
Press the SET key to confirm the setting and continue pressing the SET key to toggle through each
alarm mode until it returns to the normal display mode.
Press the SNOOZE key or wait 30 seconds, and the alarm mode will return to the normal mode.
4.3.3 Cancelling the Alarm
When an alarm condition has been activated, the specific alarm will sound and flash for 120 seconds.
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Press any key to cancel the alarm.
When an alarm condition is activated again within 10 minutes, the alarm will not sound but will
continue to flash until the weather condition is stable. This feature is useful to avoid repeated
triggering for the same alarm value.
The alarm will reset automatically once the value has fallen below the set value, or if a new value is
entered.
4.3.4 Outdoor Alarm – Temperature vs. Dew Point
When the outdoor weather alarm has been triggered, it will flash on the LCD display and the general
outdoor alarm icon and high/low alarm icon will flash. For example, in the outdoor temperature
display mode, when dew point high alarm is triggered the DEW POINT icon will flash along with
general outdoor alarm icon and high alarm icon, indicating that the current alarm source is from dew
point.
Figure 4
4.4 Min/Max Mode
While in Normal Mode, press the MIN/MAX key to enter the maximum mode, and the MAX icon
and maximum records will be displayed and begin flashing.
Press MIN/MAX key again to enter the minimum mode, and the MIN icon and minimum records will
be displayed and begin flashing.
Press MIN/MAX key again to return the Normal Mode.
In the maximum reading Mode, press the + key to display the maximum values with the time and date
time stamp at which the maximum value occurred (the maximum value will begin flashing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Indoor humidity maximum
Indoor temperature maximum
Outdoor humidity maximum
Outdoor temperature maximum
Pressure maximum
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In the minimum reading Mode, press the + key to display the minimum values with the time and date
time stamp at which the minimum value occurred (the minimum value will begin flashing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Indoor humidity minimum
Indoor temperature minimum
Outdoor humidity minimum
Outdoor temperature minimum
Pressure minimum
While in the minimum or maximum mode, press the SET key for two seconds to reset the value (that
is flashing) and associated date and time to the current reading.
Press the SNOOZE key or wait 30 seconds for timeout, and the Min/Max mode will return to Normal
Mode.
4.5 Other Console Features
The following section describes additional console features.
4.5.1 Weather Forecasting
Note: The weather forecast or pressure tendency is based on the rate of change of barometric
pressure. In general, when the pressure increases, the weather improves (sunny to partly cloudy) and
when the pressure decreases, the weather degrades (cloudy to rain).
It may take several days to begin forecasting the weather. In the mean time, there may be no trend
arrows and the both icons display partly cloudy.
The weather forecast is an estimation or generalization of weather changes in the next 24 to 48 hours,
and varies from location to location. The tendency is simply a tool for projecting weather conditions
and is never to be relied upon as an accurate method to predict the weather.
4.5.2 Weather Icons
The four weather icons are Sunny, Partly Cloudy, Cloudy and Rainy. There are also two weather
tendency indicators to show the air pressure tendency between the weather icons.
4.5.3 Weather tendency indicator
The weather tendency arrow is located between the weather icons to show the air pressure tendency
and provide a forecast based on increasing or decreasing air pressure.
The arrow pointing to the right indicates that the air pressure is increasing and the weather is expected
to improve. The arrow pointing the left indicates that the air pressure is decreasing and the weather is
expected to deteriorate.
The weather tendency is based on the pressure change since last six hours. If the weather is changing,
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the weather tendency indicator (animated arrows) will flash for three hours, indicating the weather is
expected to change. If the weather conditions become stable and no new weather change conditions
are met, then the arrows will be fixed.
Example 1: Pressure is decreasing, weather is deteriorating.
Example 2: Pressure is increasing, weather is improving.
4.5.4 Storm threshold indicator
The storm threshold (the negative rate of pressure change signifying a storm is expected) can be
adjusted by the user from level 3 to level 9 (the default level 4 mbar/hour).
When negative rate of change of pressure is exceeded for 3 hours, the storm warning indicator will be
activated, and the clouds with rain icon and tendency arrows will flash for 3 hours indicating the storm
warning feature has been activated.
4.5.5 Pressure threshold setting
The pressure threshold (the negative or positive rate of change of pressure signifying a change in the
weather) can be adjusted by the user from level 2 to level 4 (default level 2 mbar/hour).
The lower the level pressure threshold setting, the higher sensitivity for weather forecast changes.
Locations that experience frequent changes in air pressure require a higher setting compared to
locations where the air pressure is typically stagnant.
4.5.6 Pressure Graph
The pressure graph displays the barometric pressure for the last 24 hours. Each bar represents three
hours.
4.5.7 Moon Phase
The following moon phases are displayed based on the calendar date.
Version 1.2
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Page 15
New
Waxing
Crescent
First
Quarter
Waxing
Gibbous
Full
Waning
Gibbous
Third
Quarter
Waning
New
4.5.8 Sunrise and Sunset
To determine your longitude and latitude, we recommend the following website:
www.bing.com/maps
Reference Figure 5 below:
1. Enter your address and select the search button
2. The latitude (first number) and longitude (second number) are returned. In this example:
Latitude = 33.2981181889772
Longitude = -111.960209459066
The table below defines the hemisphere based on the positive or negative sign:
Position
Latitude
Longitude
Positive
Northern
Eastern
Negative
Southern
Western
3. In this example, the location entered into the display is as follows:
Latitude = 33.30 North
Longitude = 111.96 West
after rounding to two significant digits.
Record your longitude and latitude here for future reference:
Longitude:
Latitude:
Version 1.2
©Copyright 2013, Ambient LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Page 16
Figure 5
4.5.9 Restoring Lost Outdoor Temperature and Humidity Sensor
If the signal is lost between the remote sensor (or transmitter) and the display console (or the receiver),
to resynchronize, while in normal mode, press and hold the + key for 10 seconds. The transmitter
search icon will appear in the outdoor temperature and humidity section. Please wait several minutes
for the search icon
to turn off and the remote sensor reports in. Do not touch any buttons until
synchronization is complete.
4.5.10 Restoring to Factory Default
If alarms and calibration constants have been inadvertently set, or memory has been corrupted, you
may want to restore the console to factory default.
To restore the console to factory default:
1. Remove one battery from the battery compartment. Wait 10 seconds for the console to go
completely blank.
2. Press and hold the [SET] and [MIN/MAX] buttons at the same time and reinsert the battery.
Continue to hold. The backlight will flash 12 times.
3. When the flashing is complete, let go of the buttons. The console has now been restored to
factory default.
4. Wait several minutes before pressing any buttons for the remote sensor to sync to the console.
5. Glossary of Terms
Term
Absolute Barometric
Pressure
Accuracy
HectoPascals (hPa)
Hygrometer
Inches of Mercury (inHg)
Version 1.2
Definition
Measured barometric pressure.
Accuracy is defined as the ability of a measurement to match the actual
value of the quantity being measured.
Pressure units in SI (international system) units of measurement. Same
as millibars (1 hPa = 1 mbar)
A hygrometer is a device that measures relative humidity. Relative
humidity is a term used to describe the amount or percentage of water
vapor that exists in air.
Pressure in Imperial units of measure.
1 inch of mercury = 33.86 millibars
©Copyright 2013, Ambient LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Page 17
Range
Relative Barometric
Pressure
Range is defined as the amount or extent a value can be measured.
Relative barometric pressure, corrected to sea-level. To compare
pressure conditions from one location to another, meteorologists correct
pressure to sea-level conditions. Because the air pressure decreases as
you rise in altitude, the sea-level corrected pressure (the pressure your
location would be at if located at sea-level) is generally higher than your
measured pressure.
6. Specifications
6.1 Wireless Specifications



Line of sight wireless transmission (in open air): 300 feet
Frequency: 433 MHz
Update Rate: 48 seconds
6.2 Measurement Specifications
The following table provides specifications for the measured parameters.
Measurement
Indoor Temperature
Outdoor Temperature
Indoor Humidity
Outdoor Humidity
Barometric Pressure
Range
32 to 140 °F
-40 to 149 °F
1 to 99 %
20 to 95%
8.85 to 32.50 inHg
Accuracy
± 2 °F
± 2 °F
± 5%
± 5%
± 0.08 inHg (within
range of 27.13 to 32.50
inHg)
Resolution
0.1 °F
0.1 °F
1%
1%
0.01 inHg
6.3 Power Consumption



Base station : 3 x AA 1.5V Alkaline batteries
Remote sensor : 2 x AAA 1.5V Alkaline batteries
Battery life: Minimum 12 months for base station
Minimum 24 months for thermometer-hygrometer sensor (use lithium batteries in cold
weather climates)
7. Troubleshooting Guide
If your question is not answered here, you can contact us as follows:
1. Email Support: support@ambientweather.com
2. Live Chat Support: www.ambientweather.com/chat.html (M-F 8am to 4pm Arizona Time)
3. Technical Support: 480-346-3380 (M-F 8am to 4pm Arizona Time)
Problem
Wireless remote (thermo-hygrometer) not
reporting in to console.
There are dashes (--) on the display
console.
Version 1.2
Solution
1. Resync the unit. Press and hold the + key for
10 seconds to resynchronize. The remote sensor
search icon
will turn on. Wait several
minutes for the remote sensor to report in, or the
search icon to turn off. Do not press any buttons
©Copyright 2013, Ambient LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Page 18
Problem
Temperature sensor reads too high in the
day time.
Indoor and Outdoor Temperature do not
agree
Indoor and Outdoor Humidity do not
agree
Relative pressure does not agree with
official reporting station
Time is incorrect
Version 1.2
Solution
while in the search mode.
2. Check the remote sensor is powered up and
displaying the temperature and humidity on the
LCD display.
3. Install a fresh set of batteries in the remote
thermo-hygrometer. For cold weather
environments, install lithium batteries.
4. The maximum line of sight communication
range is 300’. Move the sensor assembly closer
to the display console.
5. If the sensor assembly is too close (less than
5-10’), move the sensor assembly away from the
display console.
6. Make sure the remote sensors are not
transmitting through solid metal (acts as an RF
shield), or earth barrier (down a hill).
7. Move the display console around electrical noise
generating devices, such as computers, TVs and
other wireless transmitters or receivers.
8. Move the remote sensor to a higher location.
Move the remote sensor to a closer location.
9. Radio Frequency (RF) Sensors cannot transmit
through metal barriers (example, aluminum
siding) or multiple, thick walls.
Make sure the thermo-hygrometer is mounted in a
shaded area on the north facing wall. Consider the
following radiation shield if this is not possible:
http://www.ambientweather.com/amwesrpatean.html
1. Allow up to one hour for the sensors to stabilize
due to signal filtering. The indoor and outdoor
temperature sensors should agree within 4 °F
(the sensor accuracy is ± 2 °F).
2. Perform a temperature calibration (reference
Section 4.2.3)
1. Allow up to one hour for the sensors to stabilize
due to signal filtering. The indoor and outdoor
humidity sensors should agree within 10 % (the
sensor accuracy is ± 5 %)
2. Perform a humidity calibration (reference
Section 4.2.2)
1. You may be viewing the relative pressure, not
the absolute pressure.
2. Make sure you properly calibrate the barometer
to an official local weather station (reference
Section 4.2.1)
3. The barometer is only accurate to ± 0.08 inHg
within the following relative pressure range:
27.13 to 32.50 inHg, which corresponds to an
altitude of -2,200 to 2,700 feet. At higher
altitudes, expect some non-linearity or error.
Make sure your time zone and daylight savings time
©Copyright 2013, Ambient LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Page 19
Problem
The forecast icon is not accurate
Moon phase is not correct
Sunrise and Sunset is not correct
Sunrise and Sunset are off by one hour.
Solution
setting is correct.
The weather station console must run for several days to
trend barometric pressure.
The weather forecast is an estimation or generalization of
weather changes in the next 24 to 48 hours, and varies
from location to location. The tendency is simply a tool
for projecting weather conditions and is never to be
relied upon as an accurate method to predict the weather.
Check your calendar date and make sure it is correct
Check your longitude and latitude. The most common
issues are:
1. The longitude and latitude are reversed
2. The incorrect hemisphere is selected
3. The incorrect time zone is selected.
4. The date is incorrect.
When you first set up the console, the atomic radio
controlled time (WWVB) may not update immediately
due to solar interference and other factors (since the
signal is generated in Boulder, CO and bounces off the
ionosphere).
If you entered the time zone and daylight savings time
(DST) properly, it is waiting for the RCC to update the
DST flag.
Once the DST updates, the WWVB icon will appear on
the display and the sunrise and sunset are corrected.
Wait for the radio controlled clock (RCC) time signal to
update the clock, correcting for the hour offset generated
by the daylight savings time.
This can take a few days to update.
Display console contrast is weak
Version 1.2
As a temporary work around, to offset the hour normally
accounted for by DST, add one hour to your time zone
setting. For example, if you live in the Eastern Time
Zone, the time zone setting is -5. Change to -4 and
manually correct this time. This will correct your
sunrise and sunset. You will need to perform this
operation twice per year (each time DST changes).
Replace console batteries with a fresh set of batteries.
©Copyright 2013, Ambient LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Page 20
8. Accessories
The following software and hardware accessories are available for this weather station at
www.AmbientWeather.com .
Accessory
Energizer AA Lithium
Battery (2-pack) - Batteries
for Long Life and Cold
Climates
Ambient Weather
SRS100LX Temperature
and Humidity Solar
Radiation Shield
Image
Description
AA lithium batteries for cold weather
climates.
Solar Radiation Shield improves temperature
accuracy for hot weather climates. Remove
the rain guard and install over
thermo-hygrometer.
9. Liability Disclaimer
Please help in the preservation of the environment and return used batteries to an authorized depot.
The electrical and electronic wastes contain hazardous substances. Disposal of electronic waste in
wild country and/or in unauthorized grounds strongly damages the environment.
Reading the “User manual” is highly recommended. The manufacturer and supplier cannot accept any
responsibility for any incorrect readings and any consequences that occur should an inaccurate reading
take place.
This product is designed for use in the home only as indication of weather conditions. This product is
not to be used for medical purposes or for public information.
The specifications of this product may change without prior notice.
This product is not a toy. Keep out of the reach of children.
No part of this manual may be reproduced without written authorization of the manufacturer.
Ambient, LLC WILL NOT ASSUME LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL,
PUNITIVE, OR OTHER SIMILAR DAMAGES ASSOCIATED WITH THE OPERATION OR
MALFUNCTION OF THIS PRODUCT.
10. FCC Statement
Statement according to FCC part 15.19:
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Statement according to FCC part 15.21:
Modifications not expressly approved by this company could void the user's authority to operate the
equipment.
Statement according to FCC part 15.105:
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
Version 1.2
©Copyright 2013, Ambient LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Page 21
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined
by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or
more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
11. Warranty Information
Ambient, LLC provides a 1-year limited warranty on this product against manufacturing defects in
materials and workmanship.
This limited warranty begins on the original date of purchase, is valid only on products purchased and
only to the original purchaser of this product. To receive warranty service, the purchaser must contact
Ambient, LLC for problem determination and service procedures.
Warranty service can only be performed by a Ambient, LLC. The original dated bill of sale must be
presented upon request as proof of purchase to Ambient, LLC.
Your Ambient, LLC warranty covers all defects in material and workmanship with the following
specified exceptions: (1) damage caused by accident, unreasonable use or neglect (lack of reasonable
and necessary maintenance); (2) damage resulting from failure to follow instructions contained in your
owner’s manual; (3) damage resulting from the performance of repairs or alterations by someone other
than an authorized Ambient, LLC authorized service center; (4) units used for other than home use (5)
applications and uses that this product was not intended (6) the products inability to receive a signal
due to any source of interference or metal obstructions and (7) extreme acts of nature, such as
lightning strikes or floods.
This warranty covers only actual defects within the product itself, and does not cover the cost of
installation or removal from a fixed installation, normal set-up or adjustments, claims based on
misrepresentation by the seller or performance variations resulting from installation-related
circumstances.
12. Appendix
12.1
Quick Set Mode
Command
[SET]
[SET]
Version 1.2
Mode
Settings
Enter Quick Set Mode, Outdoor
Temperature vs Dew Point
Relative Pressure vs Absolute
Pressure
Press [+] to toggle between outdoor
temperature and dew point.
Press [+] to toggle between relative pressure and
absolute pressure.
©Copyright 2013, Ambient LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Page 22
12.2 Set Mode
Command
[SET] + 3 seconds
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[ALARM]
[ALARM]
[SET]
[ALARM]
[ALARM]
[ALARM]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
Version 1.2
Mode
Enter Set Mode, Daylight Savings Time (DST)
Time Zone (TZ)
12/24 Hour Format
Latitude Location Hemisphere (LA)
Latitude (whole number)
Latitude (decimal number)
Longitude Location Hemisphere (LO)
Longitude (whole number x 100)
Longitude (whole number)
Longitude (decimal number)
Hour of Day
Minute of Day
Year
Month of Year
Day of Month
Temperature Units of Measure
Indoor Temperature Calibration
Indoor Humidity Calibration
Outdoor Temperature Calibration
Outdoor Humidity Calibration
Barometric Pressure Units of Measure
Relative Pressure Calibration
Pressure Threshold for Forecast
Storm Threshold for Forecast
Exit Set Mode
©Copyright 2013, Ambient LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Settings
Press [+] to toggle OFF and ON
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to toggle between 12 hour (12h) and 24 hour (24h) format
Press [+] to toggle between Northern (Nth) and Southern hemisphere (Sth)
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to toggle between Western (WST) and Eastern (EST) hemisphere
Press [+] to toggle between 1 and 0
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to toggle between degF and degC
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to toggle between inHg and hPa
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Press [+] to increase. [MIN/MAX] to decrease
Page 23